Create cool artwork: vector cross stitch with Adobe Illustrator! | Els Ruiters | Skillshare

Playback Speed


  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x

Create cool artwork: vector cross stitch with Adobe Illustrator!

teacher avatar Els Ruiters, Graphic Designer from The Netherlands

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (54m)
    • 1. 00 intro

      2:24
    • 2. 01 setting up your document

      3:48
    • 3. 02 the first stitch

      8:02
    • 4. 03 stitch symbol

      4:27
    • 5. 04 linnen pattern

      7:05
    • 6. 05 the needle

      19:31
    • 7. 06 shadow

      2:39
    • 8. 07 framing

      5:14
    • 9. 08 ending

      1:12
  • --
  • Beginner level
  • Intermediate level
  • Advanced level
  • All levels
  • Beg/Int level
  • Int/Adv level

Community Generated

The level is determined by a majority opinion of students who have reviewed this class. The teacher's recommendation is shown until at least 5 student responses are collected.

20

Students

--

Projects

About This Class

Hallo creative people! 

bd866684.jpg

Cross stitching - not something you'd expect digitally. But in fact... It's great fun to draw needlework, embroidery, knit and crochet etc on a computer. The result is a cool piece of artwork that beautifully adds atmosphere to any kind of interior. Do you prefer different sizes? Smaller? Bigger? Easypeasy lemonsqueezy! That's why vectors are so great: never any loss of quality, no matter the size!

Techniques
In this class you can learn how to draw a cross stitches using symbols, and how easy it is to edit them. Also, I'm showing you how to make a pattern that will form the embroidery linnen and create the frame.

Tools
I'll be demonstrating this class on a MacBook Pro. Any laptop or desktop, Mac or Windows, with Adobe Illustrator will do. Mind you that Illustrator on the iPad is not working quite the same and you might be searching for certain features that do not (yet) exist in the iPad version.

Beginner or intermediate
If you're a novice to vectors, take a look at my Skillshare class VECTORNATOR for SUPERBEGINNERS part 1 to understand how vectors work and acquire some basic knowledge of this type of digital drawing. Vector apps work with the same basic principles, so you should be good to go with Adobe Illustrator too.

Note that Adobe Illustrator is by subscription, Vectornator is free. Affinity Designer, another great vector app, is not very expensive and has great features. However, in this class I'm only focussing on Adobe Illustrator. Of course, you're welcome to construct a cross stitch piece with the vector app you have at your disposal!

From my working experience I have learned that many Illustrator users nearly always use the same tools and don't up their game with the release of new features. Symbols and patterns have been around for a long time but are still undervalued. So this might be a nice way for the more experienced users to rekindle with their beloved Illustrator! :-)

So... a great way to improve your vector skills.

Welcome to cross stitching with Adobe Illustrator!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Els Ruiters

Graphic Designer from The Netherlands

Teacher

Class Ratings

Expectations Met?
  • Exceeded!
    0%
  • Yes
    0%
  • Somewhat
    0%
  • Not really
    0%
Reviews Archive

In October 2018, we updated our review system to improve the way we collect feedback. Below are the reviews written before that update.

Why Join Skillshare?

Take award-winning Skillshare Original Classes

Each class has short lessons, hands-on projects

Your membership supports Skillshare teachers

Learn From Anywhere

Take classes on the go with the Skillshare app. Stream or download to watch on the plane, the subway, or wherever you learn best.

Transcripts

1. 00 intro: Hello and welcome to the Skillshare class. on graphic embroidery. My name is Els Ruiters, and I'm a Skillshare teacher from the Netherlands. I live in Eindhoven. I'm a graphic designer. I'm an illustrator and I love to teach people things about graphic work. If you've never done any Vector work before, take a look at my class, Vectornator for Super Beginners. Vectornator is free and it's a perfect way to try and see if working with vectors is your cup of tea. If you have a basic understanding of vectors, then this class won't be any problem at all for you. That's a very odd sentence. If you have basic knowledge of working with vectors, you can just tag along in this class. About my setup: I'm working on a Mac. I have a Huion tablet attached to it and the appropriate pen. But of course, if you're working with a mouse or maybe a Wacom tablet, on either Apple or Windows. It doesn't matter. Illustrator is the same in both worlds. What are we going to do? Well, let's take a look. This is what you're going to make. ... well, something like this. And of course, your homework is to try and set up something like this as well. You can make either a large image with just a few stitches, or you can make something that is very big and make a lot of small stitches in this large area. It's all up to you. You can even make your own Christmas cards like this or make an embroidery pattern for someone who likes embroidery, you can print this and frame it and hang it on the wall. Or you can print it and send it with a postcard to someone who likes embroidery. So without much further ado, let's dive in. 2. 01 setting up your document: Let's start with setting up Illustrator to our preferences. You can go to the Preferences in Illustrator or tap Command K, I think it's Control K on a Windows. I have my keyboard steps, the ones that you're using with the arrows to move something up and down or to select something set to 0.01 millimeters. Of course, this is not mandatory, but these are things that I find very easy to use. I'm going to Units. I will use millimeters. You might be using inches depending on where you're from. And for lines and text, I'm using points, which is the default here in Europe. Going to the guidelines and the grid, the guideline is by default blue and I like this way, so I'll leave it. But I have changed the grid color to orange because I will be drawing with a sort of gray and black maybe. And then the grid is bit hard to see. So if you want to change that, just tap on the little square and take a color that you like. You can also make it a little darker or maybe you can turn it to pink. And when you close it, it will be that color. You can choose if you want to have lines or dots as your grid. And you can set the number of lines. I have one every 10 millimeters and they are subdivided into ten. So I have line every one millimeter. So let's just say, ok. That's setup. Now, your screen might look a little different than mine. This is the setting that I've used. This is the way that I normally work. And I have an extra plug-in set, which is called Astute Graphics. And those are some of the things that you see right here. Now I've already set up a workspace for Skillshare. And I have my swatches here, my symbols here, my layers are there, and the Transform tool is also there. If I were to add another thing, I can go to Window. And let's say that I want the Alignment tool to be part of that thing as well. Now, I'm going to make a new document, which is a 150 by 150 millimeters, I'll say Make. And now I have a lot of things ready. And the moment that I have a new document set up, I can already see that I'm getting a number of default symbols and I'm not using those. So I will just select them and throw them in the bin. And then they are gone. Go to the smart guidelines, Make sure they are turned on and show the grids and make sure that the grid is magnetic. And you see this purple color, did I just set, you can use any color you like. by the way. The first thing I want to do is just this document, I'll call this Embroidery. It will probably ask me if I want to replace another one which I already made. So I'll say, Okay. And now we can get started. 3. 02 the first stitch: The first thing that we're going to do is make the cross stitch. And I'm going to use symbols to do that. And that might sound a bit intricate, but once you see how that works, you will see how beautiful it is. So let's get started. First, I'm going to make a square in the middle. I'll give that, let's say, a green fill and no outline. And I'll make that 30 by 30 millimeters. I can check in the Transform tool if that fits. Okay. And I'll make that a little lighter because it's bit dark. I'll take the arrow and I go to my Alignment tool. And I will put this dead in the center of the image, which is perfect like that. And then I'll just tap Command or Control 2 to lock it in place. This is going to be the basis which I'm working on to make my cross stitch. So let's make this bring this a little closer. Now I will pick a black line. So we'll just change that and swap that. All right? And I'll make that, let's say three points. I use the line segments tool, you can also hit the backslash key on your keyboard, which is odd because this looks like a forward key and you're hitting the backspace key. But anyway, and I'll just hold that down and I'll pull out. And I have a line now, you can already see that I didn't do that properly. So I'll just use that point. And that's why I'm using magnetics. it will jump to the correct space easily. Okay? I'll make this a little bit bigger, let's say 24. And I want the edges to be round. So I'm going to the line properties and I'll choose the round end. That looks good. Now, just let me take this and make that a little bit smaller so it will fall into my yellow background like that. And this looks good, doesn't it? If I take a look in the transform area, you can see that it is 22 by 22, which is a bit strange, but that would be the edge that I would have here if I were to draw a square behind this. This is alright. This is, by the way, still in a light tone, so I will turn that into 100% so we can see a little bit better what we're doing. And I think it could be a little bit smaller even because I want to barely touch those edges like that. This is good. Good. Now, I will select it once again. And since I have the square locked, I won't have to worry that that will be selected as well. I will do a copy and then paste in front, Command C, Command F. And in Windows it's Control C, Control F. Anyway, that's in place. And now if I go in layers, I can see that I have indeed two lines. I'm going to, to flip this line. Sorry, I need to be in Transform, going to flip this horizontally, ta-da. That's good. Now I'll select both. And I go to object path and make an outline of this. And now my shapes, my lines have turned into shapes and they have a black fill. I will turn the line to white. And let's just choose, swap fill and line. And voila, I have this little cross and it has a white fill, white fill and a black line. I want the line to be a little thicker. And if I go to the line segment tool, I think I want the line to be outlined to the inside. So that's probably OK. Now this just looks fine. If I'm going to move this around, you can already see that it's a little bit too big, so let me just grab it and turn that into 30. That's why it's so easy to keep the Transform tool open. You can have this absolute, perfect alignment. So I've changed that into 30. And that's what I want. And I'm going to make a symbol out of this. I'm going to the symbol menu and I have that selected. The square is not selected. And I'll just tap the Plus. I'll call this cross white I'm giving it the name white because it has a white color and I'm going to add some more colors in a later stage, I'll say, Okay. And let's make our screen a little smaller. If I want to add a cross, I can either move this and keep the alt key down. I can also just move it from here to there. You can see that I'm working on instances of a symbol. When you see this little plus, I cannot change this directly. I can make it a little smaller and a little bigger. That won't make a difference, that won't influence the others at all. But the moment I start editing the symbol itself, everything will change and we'll show this in a minute or so. So let's have, I have five here like that, and I will select all of them. I'll go to Alignment. I'll say that they all need to be aligned to the document area in the middle. Now this looks horrid, doesn't it? So I'm going to see now that I want all of them aligned to each other in 0 millimeters. And now I want them to be in the middle. And I have them perfectly aligned right there. So this is fantastic, right, isn't it? I'll select all of these and I will group them. Let's see, yup, that happened. That's working. And now I hold down the alt key and just move. It doesn't need to be strictly aligned to this one. Just hold down the Alt key and make sure that you get a few more. So we have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 wide. and 1-2-3-4-5 in height. I'll select all. And again, I'll do the same, just make sure that they are in the middle and then align them, matching each other vertically. And now I'll select all and group them. And I'll align them to the center of the page. There are of course, many ways to do this, but I want to be sure that they are exactly the same size and that they are exactly matching. So this is the part where we've made the cross stitch. In the next lesson, I'm going to show you how you can edit a symbol. 4. 03 stitch symbol: Working with symbols has a lot of potential. And I'm going to show you why. Look at this layer. I will ungroup this. Not because that might be easier for me, but because I want for you to see what is happening when I'm changing a symbol. You can see, you can tell from all of these little pluses in the middle, that all these are instances of a symbol. And if I go to my symbols menu, I can see that there's only one. While if I look in the layers, I can see all of them appearing in the Layers palette. So what happens when I change one? I will double-tap it and I will get the basis. Now, let's just for the fun of it, changed the color of that thing to green. Like so. Now if I go back, there's nothing you can see just yet. But if I go back, I can see that all the instances that I made have changed. Now you can already understand the power of this particular item. Just imagine, let's do Control Z, And keep that. Leave that out. Just imagine what you can do with just changing one thing in one particular place and then having everything just change accordingly, in the same group. So that's really very easy. And especially in work like this. What I want to show you is that when I choose the direct selection tool and I take out one, I can make it any size that I want and it doesn't affect the rest. But if I go back to, to any place, I'll say Edit symbol. Now I've taken this one and I'll make that smaller. And I go back, I will have all these different changes. So no matter where you change the symbol, the moment you do, it doesn't matter if it's here or if it's there, it will change all the instances. That's a good thing to bear in mind. If I want to change this. Let's say this one. And I want this one to be a different color. I can do two things. I can either break the chain to the symbol, the link, and I'm doing that right there. And if I give that one a color now, let's pick up the colour. Let's make that orange and nothing happens to the rest. And I can see that when I hover over it, I don't get that little plus in the middle anymore, so it's not a symbol anymore. And that's why it's not affecting the rest. Let's just go back here and turn it back into a symbol. But there are other ways as well. Go into your symbols menu. And then say Duplicate symbol. I'll give this a different name. I'll call this one cross color. And I'll go there, just double-tap and I will make that orange. I think I like this color orange. Color orange. And now I have an An orange cross, but the moment I go back, it's still not visible. So what do I do? I just tap on one and I'll tap on the cross color again. Nothing happens, but I have to say Replace, and now it has my orange color. So I can just hold down the Shift key and pick a few that I want to change. And I can pick a few using symbols and Shift key. And I go to Replace. And now I will have them. So you can understand that this is also a very quick and very easy way to change everything to your liking. So in the next chapter, we're going to see how we can make the pattern in the background. 5. 04 linnen pattern: In this lesson, we are going to learn how to make a pattern to fill the background of these cross bridges. Normally you have linen, really special embroidery limb. And that is we will win in a special way and we're going to make that now. So Let's go to the layers. And I will take that area. I'll make a new layer. And I'll copy this one right there. And I will, I will lock the layer with the cross stitches will maybe not locket just reduce the transparency level and then lock it. And now I will bring them down. Let's change the name for this cross, which are now right there. I'm going to make his linen. I like. So that's a large insulator. And again, let's change the color. Just make them black. And let's take the line segment tool and use the Shift key to make a straight line. Go into transform tool and check the length, which is all, again 30 millimeters, and change the width to, let's say 24 points like that. Let's turn that right spot hole in the middle of the image, right? So I'll make it a bit larger. And I'll take that same one again. Just tap out of it and make it a bit smaller, like four points or so. And just move it around and make sure that it's 30. And make a copy of that port by holding down the Alt key. And I have a copy of the thin line. Go into the layers. Let's just look at that light green square and let's keep those. They were right, I doubt. Just look the cross that is behind the image right now and see how that fits well, this is really cute like there. So I will take those two and turn them into a compound path by going to Object. Compound Path, Make and make sure that they are aligned in the center of the image. So I'll make a copy command C and Command F. And now I will use the Rotate tool to rotate it. If I hold down the Shift key, it will go into increments of 45 and discrete, in this case 90 degrees. So I have my perfect alignment right now. Let's go to, okay. So let's take this one and bring that down to say 30%. Or it's okay. Or click the upper. One hour, bring that down to 40 percent does need to be exactly the same. And I'll just let me just turn off the visibility of the cross stitches so I can see this and it'll version, I'll go into straight lines there and I'll make them, Let's see, 35. I'll go with the other ones. And I'll turn them into 25. 25 like that. And I want this one to be fully loaded, but I wanted to be a different color. So I'll just tap there. And I like it to be a bit cream colored like that. So not really gray but cream color. And this color there, I can call this color linen thread. It almost looks like a Scottish played, right? Okay, I can change that lead from the front to and now, just select all of this. Make sure that your swatches are open and then move that into the swatches palette. And there is the new swatch. I'll look this one, make another layer. I'll turn off the visibility of that particular layer and reduce the image size again. We'll make a square. Well it has this light color, which is okay, but I don't want that light color. I want this to be there. And the fun thing is that the moment I double-tap, I can see exactly what the pattern is like. This is the easiest way to create a pattern because the lines are so simple, you don't need to do very much with it just added by that. If you want to enlarge or reduced the size of the pattern, you need to remember that when you enlarge or reduce an object, you can turn off or on the option to change that pattern as well, or don't change it at all. I will show you in a later stage what I mean. So this works just fine. Let's call this m embroidery. Okay? Alright. And C, ready? And now I have my image ready. I think the color is a bit too much, but I might just go for slightly more transparent feature like that. And now if I turn on my cross teachers and bring back the opacity to 100%. Make another layer alternative. This one. We just take a few to get from more lively. And we're though, we have perfect linen, embroidery linen in the background, we have the perfect embroidery cross stitches. The next thing is adding the needle. 6. 05 the needle: Let's make a needle, which is the next part in this lesson. I've done some preparations and let's take a look at the layers palette. Just turn off the visibility of the cross stitch and the layer with linen. And I have done some, some checking up on how this is setup. A needle basically seems very easy, like a straight line with an eye, but it does have some curves to it, and that can be a bit tricky. So the easy way to do it is by building it up. I started with a rectangle like that, Let's say like that. And, and another one which is a tad less high, maybe a bit longer. And then I'll take a star. And you can tap and give in a size and second size. And then the number of points that are needed and say Okay. Or you can just drag it out, hold down the Shift key to move it straight, to have it constraint. And you can change the direction like that. And then bring it down and make it a bit longer. Now it looks like that. What I want you to do is just select all these three and align them. Selection in the middle. All right, Now this is the part where you want to have the eye of the needle. So I'm just going to make something that looks like this. Just tap this. Click the Selection tool, the Direct selection tool. And the only thing that you want to change, sorry, is the edge and just make that round. Okay. Now, again, this can be brought in. So just use this one, bring it down, and then bring it down. Bring it up. This is already looking better. Take this one and make it a little larger. We're going to combine these two in a minute. Okay. Now, let's make sure that these points align perfectly. I can take out one by using the minus key and get rid of excessive anchor points. I also want this to be blunt because my embroidery needle is not sharp but it's blunt. So again, I'll take that one and I can just select that point, get the rounded option and change that point a little. And now it's beginning to look like what I like what I made here. So combine these and now press Shift M and you get this feature. This is combine shapes or make shapes. And the moment I drag over this, I can combine all of these together and as you can see, I will turn off the grid for a second. This has good shape. It is perhaps a little bit too big on the outside, but I can still change that. So I'll bring back the grid, and I'll make that a little larger and more in the middle. And what I will do is just take this one, this anchor and just move it down a little. And now this looks more like a needle. The last part is adding the eye. So again, go to the rectangle tool Just move it like that. Take that direct selection tool and make sure that you get a rounded eye. Okay! But it looks good. Select it again just to be on the safe side, make sure it aligns. And now we're going to combine it. So I will turn this, ...into a red orange filling. This one is black. And I'm going to grab these and again do Shift M. This is a bit like the Pathfinder, but I find this more to my liking. Hold down your Option key and tap the part, but you don't want the option key. And now I have my opening. I have the perfect middle. So this is good, right? Let's reduce the size a little bit and zoom out I'll move these to the side. And I've got my needle, so that's right there. I want to turn this into a symbol as well. You never know if you're going to need it, so just add it and call it needle. All right. Well, even if I just take it out like that, the moment I want to add it again, I can bring it in from the symbol library. Let's take this out because I don't need these two anymore. And let's see how these cross stitches are matched. Going to the symbols. And I'm going to get the needle and I'm going to bring it in. So. So using an orange needle with orange crosses is perhaps not the best thing to do, but let's take another color. So I'll go to the needle, pick it up, and I'll change it to this blue color, which I like very much. Okay. Right, there it is. That's beginning to look like something. I'm still keeping this in a horizontal line. I will slant it later, but this is first thing I want you to do. So first, make everything in order and then start moving it around. What happens if I rotate this? How do I want it to look? This looks very dull. So what I can do is just make it a little smaller and twist it a little and maybe or maybe use this hole right there to add this needle like that. Okay. I think this is what I want and I will draw a line through the eye of that needle to get the thread, the yarn in. I wanted this needle to have an outline, but I will do this later on because I need this needle and the yarn to be combined and you will see it in a later stage what I mean. The next thing we're going to do is draw a piece of yarn. So I'll make a new layer. I like to work on layers. And I call that yarn. I'm going to add the yarn now and I'm going to use Dynamic Sketch. Dynamic Sketch is a plugin by Astute Graphics. But this can be replaced by the pencil, which works fine as well. I like to work with Dynamic Sketch. And let's take a look at what I'm going to do. So I'll change the color and the fill. No fill, but just an outline. Let's make that black. So okay, maybe orange because our wire is orange. And then I'm going to move my hand freely to get this, this image. Now, this is also possible to do with the pen tool. You just tap in various places and you form this shape. To help you out I will show you how you can do this as well. Just take the pen tool (to me that's already been replaced by something different). And just tap, hold, And tap, hold, Tap, hold, like that. Okay. So you can do whatever you like. The most important thing is it needs to be like a thread and it's okay, like piece of yarn. It's okay that it's not going through the needle just yet. That will happen in a minute. So I'm going back to my original yarn and I'll make sure that the needle is locked. And I want this to be a bit thicker. I have a uniform style or uniform image, sorry, and uniform line. And I will make the thickness, let's say about 20 points because I remember that when I was working on the cross stitch is it was also approximately 20 points. Maybe a little less, let's say maybe 18. Going to the line properties. And I will also add the round ending, like that. Okay. Good. All right, This looks good. Now what I'm going to do again is turn this into an outline. So go to Object, go to Path, and turn it into an Outline. Right. Now what I will do is just hide the other layers because that might be a bit confusing. This is the setup that we're going to make. To be on the safe side, I always use a so-called junk layer. And in the junk layer, I add copies of original things. And I can add the linen, the original pattern to the junk as well and just turn the visibility of the junk layer off. I got it. I got it. Now, it is important that these two are combined because we want this yarn to go through the eye of the needle. So I go to the needle and I'll say break link to the symbol and select both. And we're going to add Active paint to this. So go to Object, go to Active Paint and tap Make. You can also press Alt Command X, probably Option Control on Windows. And you can see that this is an active paint area because these handles to change into, little asterisks-like images. Now, the next thing we need to do is tap K. And in your your tools palette, you will see that this will change into the Bucket for active paint. So that's that, right? And now let's just zoom in a little. I'm going to change the colour of the part where it's overlapping and that is this part. And you can see that I still have my green. These two are the previous colors. This green in the middle is my go-to color. So when I tap, that will change into green. Wow, now my thread is actually going through the eye of the needle, which is looking pretty good. Right? There is no need to combine more. But if you're, your wire will go over your needle again. You could consider to put it in, underneath or on top of it. And you can use the same method to get this done. Select this, go to Objects and then choose Expand. I can expand everything. And now it's no longer an active fill. So if I want to do a change, I need to do that in a different way. We've seen before that I can combine things by using this combine tool Shift M, which is right there. And then I go over, let's zoom in a little. I will go over the part that I want to combine, which is now green. So I will do it like that. And now it is one shape. Just a tap next to it and... choose this orange color. Again. Command A, shift M, and then go over the orange part. So this is combined as well. Let's see what is it what I want to do now, I want to copy this part. This is a group now, Command C, Command F. Now it's in front, and I'm going to turn off the one below just to be on the safe side. I'm going to add an outline. Let's say that this outline is two points and I can decide if I want the cap to be round or square. I leave that at round. And this is looking pretty good, right? So I added the group. So let's put this extra group in the junk layer. And I did this because I wasn't sure how this would react. Just do this to be on the safe side, make a copy and then add an extra outline. If you're uncertain you still have the original one. You can also do Command Z of course, but sometimes this is easier. Now this part of the, of the threat or the yarn looks a little bit strange because there is no line over there, so we need to make that line by hand. Let's zoom in a little. Take out the pen tool and add a point and a point. If your point jumps to a certain place that you don't want, go to View and turn off the magnetic grid because it will jump to this grid and then it will move a little. And you don't want that. So just they're already looks good. Again, the P, go to the place where you want the lines to appear and make sure that it has the same width as the rest of the image. And then place it there. Doesn't look bad at all. So just select those two. ... and turn them into a compound path to keep them together. Now, I think that this should be grouped with that. So I'll move that down. And now we have a group. I want to do one more thing. I want to add a touch of light to the needle and choose the same color as the needle, which is, I think this one, the needle is in this place. And just take the straight line tool and draw a line like that. Now that looks odd and it is three points wide, but you can't see it. So what you're going to do is change the blend mode. Let's see what happens when I change that to Overfill. That already looks pretty good. You might want to choose another one depending on the color that you have, but this is the way to do that. I'll just make that a little bigger. If you want to change the rotation point, just hold down the Shift key and move the rotation point to where you want it to start. And now when I when I swivel the end, when I pivot the end, it has a different starting point, which is fine like this. And that looks good, right? Is just fine. And let's see what is the total view? This is part of the pin of the needle. Okay, Let's put that line in a needle. And we have this beautiful group. And I'm going to turn that into a group which I think is quite important because you want to move it in one go. All right, so let's take a look at the rest. Bring back the cross stitches and bring back the background layer with the linen. Okay, I keep on tapping linen with 3 n's. And that looks pretty cool right? We've seen before that it is quite easy to change the color. So just suppose that this one should not have been orange. Go back. This is the junk layer, so go back to the cross stitches. And let's say you want this one. Go back to the symbols, tap Cross white, and then go to Replace symbol. And now that has been changed, which looks probably a little better. And I want this one to be orange. So I'll tap Cross color and I'll tap replace symbol, and it is done. In the last lesson, we are going to look at how we can finish this piece of art. 7. 06 shadow: So we're nearing the end of our artwork. And the last thing I want you to do is make a shadow under the needle and the thread to give it more depth. Let's go there. So let's go to layers. Let's lock the layer with the cross stitches and the linnen background. The needle itself is empty because that's part of the yarn now. See it, it's right there. Let's make a copy of this layer, of the yarn layer. It's Command C and then Command F. Look into this layer. It's the same thing, So I'll turn the lower one into a shadow. I'll name this group... Shadow. I'll lock the upper one. And I'll turn off the visibility, now I take this one. What I will do now is go to Object, go to Path, and go to Outline. Now I'm going to combine all of this together. So I'll go into my Pathfinder, which is right there. And then I will turn this Unite on. And now everything, including the outline that I have just turned into a shape is one line and it is filled –in this case– with black. Let's turn on the layer on top and pick the selection tool. To bring this down. Oh, it wasn't moving at all. So I'm moving this a little bit. And this is really harsh, isn't it, it's just a bit too much. So what I will do is lower the opacity a whole lot, like maybe down to 18, maybe a little bit more like that. Right? So that's already a little bit much, let's say we keep it like that. And now you can see this actually coming loose from the background. So this is working like a charm. So we need to do one thing more, and that is add a frame around it. This is how you do it. 8. 07 framing: Now this image is almost right, but it does need a little extra. So I've added a shadow and I've added a highlight right there. But I want to do now is add a frame. And I'm going to make two frames. I already made an extra layer frame... And what I'm going to do is draw a frame that covers the part that is falling out of my image like that. Let's keep in, I want it to be square. I like that. Don't forget to look if you're a magnetic grid is turned on. I'm going to align this to the document size, document frame. So that's in the middle and that one as well. All right, it can be a little smaller. If I want to I can go to Transform and add an absolute size, which is probably not a bad idea. Let's say 300 in this case, twice the size of the original document size. Okay. Now, I want this to be outside the frame and I want this to be behind the frame. I'm going to show you what I mean. Let's add another layer. I will just tap once. And I will say that's 150 x 150. Okay. And I'm going to make sure that that is aligned to the center spot on. So this is perfect. Now I have two squares, one that is 300 by 300 and 150 by 150 millimeters. Go to the layers and select both. Now tap Shift+M. And you will have this combine-function again. And because you've selected the entire part, this one and the one in the middle, you can just hold down the Option key and tap once in the center square. And it will take that away from the big square. Just let me make sure that that is a 100 percent. So that's almost good, but not entirely because I want a part of it to just escape the frame. So what I will do is just move that, move the entire frame layer down under the yarn. And the last thing is add another layer, take a piece of rectangle and then just draw that over the part that is flipping out. And now there's nothing left to see. The last thing I want to do is just go to Documents settings and change the size. I will make it 300 x 300, which is probably easier for printing. And now this looks really cute. What I really would like to finish this is add a square frame around the middle square, just to give it a little bit more depth. So I'm going to pick a gray color. I've chosen this one in the default line and a three-point line. And I'm picking the rectangle tool. I'll just tap once and I'll add a width and a height, and I have a perfect square. So let's put that in the middle. That's right there. I'll call it frame. I'll put that in capitals. So it's better to find it. Now, the problem is that when I leave it there, let's de-select it - It runs over the yarn and that's not what I want. But if I bring it down, - let's put it in this frame - it will run under the covering piece. that covers the place where the wire is going into the frame. If you know what I mean. So how can we change this? Well, that's quite easy. There are many different ways, but the easiest way is just to cheat. Just go back in the cover up area. Pick the line segment tool. Just hold down shift. And you have your extra line which has the same properties as the square. Select both the line and the frame that you just made. And then in the alignment area you can say make sure that it goes, that it aligns at the bottom. And now it is done. You have the perfect image. 9. 08 ending: We've reached the end of this class. I hope you have fun. That's what I always say. And I hope this was useful and I hope you've learned something new. That working with symbols and working with patterns is really a way to speed up your process and your workflow. And it's also very much fun to do. You can add a lot of details into one symbol and then just have that copy itself over and over again. All those instances will be updated instantly. So that's really handy. I'm curious to see what you make, so please leave your artwork in the student's section. And if you have any questions, put them in the comments below, and I will see if I can answer them to the best of my abilities. Thank you for watching. Stay creative, and stay safe and see you next time on my next Skillshare class. Bye bye.