Complete Japanese Course: Learn Japanese for Beginners | Linguae Learning | Skillshare

Complete Japanese Course: Learn Japanese for Beginners

Linguae Learning, Top language learning courses

Complete Japanese Course: Learn Japanese for Beginners

Linguae Learning, Top language learning courses

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32 Lessons (9h 54m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Hiragana

    • 3. Katakana

    • 4. Greetings

    • 5. Manners

    • 6. Numbers

    • 7. Food, This, That, That Over There

    • 8. Telling The Time

    • 9. Age, Days of the Week, Months, Days

    • 10. Colors, Animals, Objects

    • 11. Particles

    • 12. Verbs

    • 13. Frequency Adverbs

    • 14. Verbs 2

    • 15. Adjectives

    • 16. Most Common Adjectives

    • 17. Emotions

    • 18. Family

    • 19. Body Parts

    • 20. Physical Appearances

    • 21. Weather

    • 22. The House

    • 23. The Bathroom

    • 24. The Supermarket

    • 25. The Kitchen

    • 26. Clothes

    • 27. Locations & Directions

    • 28. Sports + Grammar

    • 29. Grammar: TEIRU; STEM+NI+IKU


    • 31. Grammar: KARA-MADE; TO OMOIMASU

    • 32. Last Words

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About This Class

The ultimate Japanese beginner course that will teach you Japanese faster than you thought possible! If you’ve ever dreamed of travelling to Japan and holding your own in real-life situations, being independent and able to communicate with the locals, this is the course for you!

During our 30 lessons you will learn:

  • Lots and lots of vocabulary

  • How to read and write in Japanese

  • Useful everyday phrases

  • Basic sentence structures

  • Basic grammar rules most beginner courses don’t teach

  • The subtle cultural nuances of the language most beginners aren’t taught

After taking this course you will be able to:

  • Greet people and introduce yourself both formally and casually

  • Pronounce words correctly without hearing them first

  • Order food and drinks

  • Structure basic sentences with ease

  • Describe yourself and other people in both personality and appearance

  • Tell the time, date

  • Make requests, describe what you want and what you plan to do

  • Express your feelings, your interests and dislikes

  • Navigate multiple types of everyday situations, like shopping

  • Give and receive directions to places you need to go to

This course is the first of 4 in a series aimed at helping you master the basics of Japanese and giving you a strong base onto which you will be able to build your skills as a Japanese speaker.

Start your Japanese journey with us today!

Meet Your Teacher

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Linguae Learning

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We are Linguae, a group of professional language tutors dedicated to helping you learn any language you desire, whether it's Spanish, Japanese, Mongolian, Bhutanese or anything else.

We have dozens of years of experience in traditional education settings and we believe that a lot of those teaching methods aren't as effective as it used to be. We believe that education needs to be fun and engaging and that's exactly the kind of courses we're creating.

We're excited to have you here with us and we can't wait to help you learn any language you desire. Let's do this!

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1. Introduction: Have you ever dreamt of visiting Japan, walking around the streets of Kyoto, exploring the busy Tokyo like or trying to incredibly delicious local cuisine. Trying this is like the dog around and miso soup are freshly made sushi and sashimi. I wouldn't be surprised if you already have. Japan is an incredible country. Maybe you have even imagine yourself having conversations with the locals, but having those conversations not in English, but the Nair language, Japanese. This Japanese costs would begin as is designed not only and the basics of vocabulary, grammar and sentence structure, but also to build your confidence as a Japanese speaker. I know firsthand how difficult it can be to build your confidence fun learning a new language. I've been studying Japanese for over six years and for the first two years I was so shy to speak with native speakers. But after living in Japan and became a very competent Japanese speakers. And I would like to pass that on to you while also teaching you the basics of bassoon, incredibly beautiful language. If you want to learn a ton of Japanese while also building a competence as a Deputy Speaker. Enrolling the scores today. 2. Hiragana: I'll send you home Lakoff, a yoga saw. Hello and welcome to this Japanese for Beginners courts. This is your teacher and C and I'm so excited to start with Japanese learning journey together with you. I have studied Japanese for over six years. I have studied, worked and lived in Japan. So I have immersed myself into Japanese sculpture in Japanese language. And now, but I'm working as a Japanese teacher. I'm so happy to share my knowledge with other people and see their progress. So I hope, but we can learn many new things together. So without further ado, let's get started. So what I would like us to start off with is the Japanese writing system. So why do we need to know about the Japanese writing system is that it consists out of three writing scripts. The first one is Hiragana. Hiragana, Hiragana. The second one is Katakana. Cut that canon, cut that Canada. And the third one is candy, candy, candy. So you might ask, why do we need free writing scripts? Why isn't one enough? Because each of these writing scripts play a significant role in this Japanese writing system. So let's take a look. What role does Hiragana Katakana, Kanji play? So first of all, heat are going up. It is used to write down purely Japanese words, grammatical endings, and honorifics. So we use it for conjugating verbs and things like that, and writing done purely Japanese words. How can we distinguish Hiragana from other writing scripts? Is that it looks very elegant. The lines are very soft and I will show you how it looks like later on. For katakana, it is used to write down foreign words. So for example, people's names, names of places, food names of cities, and et cetera, all foreign words. Okay? And Kanji, kanji came from ancient China and it is used to write down a word or a concept. Okay, so let's take a look at how these free writing scripts would look in a sentence. Let's read this sentence together. I really saw on some dilemmas on his own somewhat gig your tabby MAS, Ali's own sound like good Kyoto BMS. So I already saw some means. Alison. Alison, Alison and son is a prefix that we use next to people's names to make it sound more polite, like Mr. and Mrs. Mrs. and et cetera. Why is the topic particle that I will talk about later on? Key k-means cake. Dubay mass will eat. So any song will eat cake. Now, which out of all these letters, out of all of these characters that you see on your screen, which of them are here? I don't know. Well, it would be vase. These circled characters would be written in Hiragana. So what you can see here that some Watson Y's written in Hiragana and it has very soft curvy lines. Now we can distinguish from other characters, also particle or grammatical endings of verbs. So yes, for katakana, it's more sharp. It's not as elegant. So we use it to write down foreign words like names, like allison RD, so on are the song or names of food like cake, C0, C0, C0, C0. Very good. And last one country. We use it to express a concept or a word. So this is to eat came. But if we write down only Kanji, we will not know. Is this present-tense, past-tense, what is happening? That's why we need grammatical endings to conjugate the verbs, and we will write that in Hiragana. Very good. So now without further ado, let's get started and let's start learning our first writing scripts. Hiragana. Here, I don't know. Now, our main base of Hiragana will be five vowels. E, a, boo, boo a, or o. So we have our E, O, E, O via vowels. Now, we need to also know the way how to write them, okay, so we need to know the stroke order. So I will show you the stroke order right now. So our first stroke would be a horizontal stroke, left to right, 1, 1, very good. Our second stoke would be two. To get an offense to it could be this curve 3. So we have 123123, perfect. Now for E, E, our first stroke will be a small hook, 11, and the second stroke will be this line two. So we have Hook and think. Very good. For fester could be this 111 and the second stroke would be this way, two to one. To get our a. Our first stroke would be this 11. And then we would have to this long stroke, 1, 2. So the first part of two is like a z one and then it becomes a curve, 1, 2, and 4, 0, 0. Officer this horizontal stroke, 1 second stroke is this one to the curve. And this is three. So you have 1, 2, 3. Perfect. So this is our 0. Very good. Let's move on to our second line, the K line. And K line is like this. Cop. Car. Key. G could cook. K. K, caught, caught, caught key, could get caught. Caught. Caught. Very good. Now let's learn how to write them down. Let's learn the stroke order. You ready? Let's go. First stroke would be this 11, second stroke would be top to bottom two. And this would be our friends joke 3. So we have 1, 3. This is our four key. We have a first stroke here, one. Then we have a second stroke here too. Then we have our first stroke, 3, and we should stop around here. And then leave an empty space in between and then go for, why am I saying this to you? Because this is a printed key letter when we're writing it down in the handwritten way, it will look differently. So it will have a little space in between. So imagine 123, someone stops you here. Then you make a little break here. And then you continue 4, 1, 2, 3, and you continue here for very, very good. For cou could imagine that it's a small bird flying to your left. 1, 1, 1 is just one stroke. Very good. Kit Kat. We have stroke number 1, one, stroke number j to stroke number three, top to bottom. So we have top to bottom here, left to right here, top to bottom here. This is our cat effect and for core, we have one. And then we have to continue. 12. This is also not a handwritten letter. So for handwritten letter, you would need to continue until here, then leave a break and then continue here. Very good. So we have our cat key could get called, Tikki, call. Very good. And now it's time for our S line and an R S line. We have SAP, SAP C, C, So set, set. So, so, so, sorry. So very good job. So now let's look at the stroke order, the S line. So the first stroke for Sal would be one, left to right horizontally, one. Then we would go to and we would stop around here. And then we would leave a little break and we would start here. Three. Yes. I know that this little break is not visible here, but when we're handwriting it, it will look differently. So we have 1, 2, stop here, three, continue. Perfect. Let's move on to C. C, So she basically is like a small hook. Imagine with you're going fishing. So just like 111, very easy. Let's move on to so, so, so we have a horizontal line, 1, 1. And the second stroke would be one with a curve going down. So one, and then what the curve going down? Stroke number one, stroke number 2, four. So now let's move on to set. Set. As we have a horizontal stroke left to right, 1, 1, then we have top to bottom to two, and we have 33123. Perfect, this is our set and facade. We have 1, 2, 3, 4. So basically it's one stroke. Look, one, One. Perfect. So this is our S line, sassy, sassy systems. So the effect. Now, let's take a look at our t line. So we have that, that Ci Xi. So, so though, though that T, perfect. Now let's look at the stroke order of PEP. So first we have left to right, top to bottom two. And we have 3412345. This is r dot for T. We have horizontal line left to right, 1, 1. And our second line would be too, too, with like a little wave here. So 12, this is our t, t Perfect foot. So we have a small wave, 1, 1, this is our, so. For tail, we also have only one stroke, 1, 1, 1, they're easy. And last one is thought. So we have stroke number 1, one and stroke number 2, 2, 1, 2. Amazing, Very good. So we have that T, that thought, that too though. Now let's move on to our N line. And here we have not, not neat, neat. Note. No net, net, no, no, no, no, they're not. They're not. Very good. And now let's take a look at the stroke order of not. So we have 1, 2, so left to right, top to bottom, then this one here too, and then a little ribbon here. So we have 12341234. Perfect. This is not for knee. We have here 1. I know that you cannot see it here, but it should be like a small hook going back up. So one and then 212. So this is neat. For no stroke would be here, 1.5 seconds. Soap would be like this one. And so we have one and then two. So we have only two strokes, but a lot of curves. So be careful. 12. This is not for our first stroke would be top to bottom. 1 second stroke would be like a Z and then curving up here. So one and then two, carving up, this is net. And for now we started here and suddenly one stroke, 11, like a bagel. One, perfect. So we have our N line, nano 99, then they're not good. Here we have our h line. Ha ha he, he, foo, foo. Hey, hey, hope. For Ha, ha, ha he first. Let's start off with her. So he started here with small hook 11. And again here you cannot see it because it's a typed letter. And a second circuits here too. And that third stoke is here, three. So we have 123123. Perfect was hot. For here. We only have one stroke. One. 11, perfect. For foo. This is our first stroke, one. This is our second stroke, two thirds to three for stroke here. 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4. Very good. This full forehead, we only have one stroke, so we have 111. The right side is a bit longer, as you can see, this is the head and full h4. We have one, 2341234. Perfect. So this is hot. So this is our h line. Ha, ha, ha, ha, he flew hot. Very good. Now let's learn the Hiragana M-line. So let's setup mom, mom, Mee, Mee, moo, moo, moo, moo, mommy, mommy, mommy, move mammal. Now let's look at the stroke order. So the first job for Mao and the horizontal stroke left to right, 1. Second stroke would be also horizontal stroke left to right two. And the first stroke we'll go through both of them. Three with the little knot. So 123123, perfect. Now let's take a look at me. The first group would look like this. One. You get one more time, one. And the second stroke would be like this too. So we have one to meet. For. The first stroke is a horizontal stroke, left to right one. And the second chart. And the second stroke is a very long stroke, two and going up to here. And the first job is here. So we have 1, 2, 3. Very good. This is more for men, the fester is one. And the second stroke is 212. Perfect versus men and more services, stroke number one, stroke number two, and the last strokes, 123123. Perfect. This is our M line. Mommy, mommy, mommy, mommy, mommy, mommy. Now, let's take a look at these three sounds. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Oh, yeah. Oh, yeah. You yeah. Oh, good. So now let's learn the stroke order. Yeah. Yet. So the first stroke is just 11. Second stroke is this 12 and then 3123123. Perfect. Pay attention to this curve here. So this is yeah, for you, the first stroke is this one 1. And this is the second stroke to, so we have 1, 2, this is you, you, and for your fester, because here left to right one. And this is the second stroke to one. To your services are yup, yup, yup. Yup. Very good. Let's take a look at our line. So we have to be the row, row. Pay attention here, but the r sound is not as harsh as an English, so it's not like or not like R, but it's very soft in-between L and R, like the new row, it's quite soft. Okay, so let's start off with an app. What is the stroke order? So the first joke would be this 11 and the second stroke would be two. So we have one, 212. Now. So the stoke order for the, we have one with a little hook and two going down. One with a hook to going down the city. For there is only one long stroke. So we start here. And this is one stroke. Very good. So this is root two. Now let's take a look at it. The best work is top to bottom 11. And the second stroke is very long as well too. To start off. So it starts off as a z, but then it goes up and it's like a wave with a curve. So one to read it. And it also has only one stroke. So 11, this is at all. No. So this is our airline. Badly. Badly. You good. Now we have wop, wop, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa. So let's take a look at the stroke order for what a festival goes top to bottom. 1 second stroke is only one stroke and select the z, but then it's like a wave coming inside. So we have 1, 2, 1, 2. This is what for war. And the first stroke is horizontal stroke left to right one. The second stroke is this one too. And the first stroke is a hook, 31231234. There's only one stroke, one. One, Perfect. So this is wow. Wow, perfect. So this is wow, wow, war. And now let's learn about the diacritical marks so that two types of diacritical marks and Japanese language. One type has two small lines like this. Then, then, then, then another type is this small little bubble. Small little bubble. So what role do these diacritical marks play in Japanese language? Well, instead of creating new characters are Hiragana, Katakana to, you know, to express new sounds. We instead add them to the letters and characters, but we already have to create new sounds. Yes, I will show you how it will look like very soon. First of all, there are two specific names for these diacritical marks. So the first one is that could then, that could then. But I like to call it just then, then, then, then it's easier to remember. And this little circle that'll bubble is called Honda, Honda octet. But these two names are very scientific and very specific. And for you learning Japanese language, it's not important to know them. So just to remember than ten m little bubble and then you should remember what role and what sounds will they create? Okay, let's take a look. So do you remember what letter is this? Yes. This is Hiragana letter, cop. Cop. If we add the small diacritical mark 10, 10, 10, 10, this car will turn into God. Got. Okay, So it will create a new sound. So instead of car, it will sound like God, god. Perfect. Now, let's take a look at these letters. So if car turned into God, what will happen to key k? I will give you five seconds to think about it before we look at the answers. Yes. So they will turn into the goo goo gaa gaa and go, go. So we will have gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa go. Very good. And as you can see, we will write these marks next to the letter on the right side. Okay. Very good. And as you can see, we will write these diacritical marks next to these letters on their right side. Like this. Okay, very good. Now let's take a look. So before this was our S line, this was sat, she say, so. But when we added these diacritical marks, then, then, then, then, then, then, then, then, then then. These letters became Zap, Zap G, G, X2, X1, X2, X3, and X4 zone. Very good. So we have Ziad z. So we have that Jesus as a very good. Now the T line will turn into that, that g, g x2, x2. The day though, though. So that G dot, dot, dot, very good. R h line ha, he will turn into a bar. B, B boo, boo ba, ba, ba, ba, ba ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, ba. However, if we write a little bubble next to the H line, it will become part, Part B, pee poo, poo, pay, pay 0, 0. Now let's learn about another thing in Japanese language. This thing will be called contracted sounds. So first let's take a look at these letters. Yap, yap, you, you, yo, yo. So now let's take a look at these contracted sounds. So what do I mean by contracted sounds? So, yeah, you will become very small. So this yo-yo far contracted sounds will be half of the size of normal yeah, or normal Hiragana later. So if you can see the size of Yan, size of Kiva very different, right? Okay. And when we will add this, yeah, you or your to a normal here again, a character like key. So key plus yeah, will not be, it will be kept. And that's why we will call it contract. It sounds because we will contract them. Okay, so here we have cat cafe. Now let's take a look at how this would look like with key. And then afterwards with D. So c0 plus, yeah, would be cat, cat, CKY plus u would be que, que. Yo would be Joe. Joe would be Gap. Gap. You would be do you get plus yo would be Joe. Go, so we have Joe gag, you go Very good. Now with C and with D. So we will have shap, shap should, should show, show jab, jab, jab, jab Joe, Joe shoe, Show jaju job. All right, good. Now we see and the Whitney. So we have chat, chat to two. So now, now nu, nu, No, No. Very good. Now with H slide, we will have cat. Yeah. Hue, hue. Jo, Beth. Do, Bill, bill, cap. Pew, pew, pew, pew. Very good. Now with me and with the map. Matt. Moo. Moo. No. No. Yeah. Yeah. No. No. So we have Mu mill. Yeah. Very good. Now that we have learned about contracted sounds, Let's take a look at prolonged vowels. So if we want to have prolonged, prolonged, prolonged 0 prolong, or prolonged, or what do we need to do? Well, if we wanted to have prolonged, Let's say we have the word or costs. So we have chi here. If we want prolong this sound to cut, we need to add one more. And then it will be all costs or costs on. So I will sound like this. So to make our WE need to add an extra to make a double. Let's say we have the word, oh nice sun. So we have ONE, we have ni. We need to add an extra a0 to make it, or Nissan or nice to make it like this, to make it e. If we want to make a double o, we need to add an extra 0. So let's say we have the word Sue-Je. So after, so we need to add extra to make it longer. So fuji saw, very good. So it becomes like this. Now to make double air, it's a bit tricky. So we can either add an extra air like or near sun or Nas on. So after we add an extra air, so it's name, it's like this, Nansen. Or it can be like this, a guy, a guy. So we have word movie. So after we add e and we don't see a got we say EEG, EEG, very good. And to make it double, or we need to add either 0 or afterwards. So let's look at the word Bosch. Bosch. So after all we an extra 0 and it becomes bore. She becomes like this bushy. Or we have the word tall cup. So afterwards we can add all cut and it also becomes double. So it depends on the situation. Now, we learn how to make prolonged vowels. Let's look at how to make double consonants. So let's take a look at this word, cut, the cut that services small too. This is not because if it would be big, so we would say cut sonata, but this is malt, so it's half the size of a normal Hiragana letter. If it's the size. If it's half the size of a normal Hiragana letter, it works as a tool to make the CMS consonant coming afterwards double. So we don't pronounce it at all. We just make the consonant coming up towards double. So if we have T become the bowtie, cut, that if we have my end, it will be my day. Mc delta T will become double. If we have Sue and Pi, the p will become double Pi, so phi. So if you write a small zoo, it will make a double consonant like double T, W, T, W k, or double S. And there's one more way if we're talking about consonants like like n. So we need to add an extra them to not need Newton animal. So if we have word yawn, then nan is net. So we need to add an, an ion then, so it's double. And there you get. Now let's practice. You will see a here I got a letter on the screen and I will give you five seconds to think about what letters vis. Okay? If you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause the lesson. Okay, let's go. So what letter is this? Very good. What letters vis or or what letter is this? 00, 00. 00, 00. What letter is this? Row? Row. What letter is this? Net. Net. What letter is this? What letter is this? Wow. Wow. What letter is this? Letter is G. See, what letter is this? So, so what letter is this? What letter is this? Mooc? Know what letter is this? E? E. What letter is this? X0. X0. What letter is this? Ma, ma. Ma. What letter is with Ha ha. What letter is this? Whoa. Whoa. What letters is? What letter is this? Key? What letter is this? That got? What letter is this? Zap. Zap. Zap. Zap. What letter is this? What letter is this? Bot. Bot. What letter is this? Po. Po. What letter is this? But but but letter is this. X2. X2. X2. What letter is missed? So what letter is this? G. G. What letter is this? Go. Go. How do we pronounce this? Joe, Joe. Joe, Joe. How would we pronounce this? Joe? Joe? Because this is a contracted sound cool job plus 0. So it's prolonged. Joe. Joe. How would we pronounce this? Mac? Me plus yeah, would be neon. How would we pronounce this? No, no. No. How would we pronounce this? No. No. Because we have mu plus Bu, so it's prolonged. Know. Now let's practice. Let's try to write down these letters in Japanese. I will give you five seconds, but feel free to pause this lesson here to take as much time as you need to write it down. Okay, let's go. It would mean blue eye. I love to meet. Very good. How about these words? Amid rain? I see, I see leg as as morning ie. How the song train station or the sound. Okay, now let's try these words. Cao. Cao, to buy. Keep that. The North coma, coma bear. Cache key, new Cocoa. Cocoa. Here. These ones, soccer, sock and Fitch, Shi Shi De Sica Sica, watermelon, semi, semi cicadas, soda, soda, sky. Okay, let's try these words that get bamboo. Near the moon. Hand, the early majority. Bird. These words. Now my, my name. New new garden. In, in the neck. Neck, oh, cat. Naughty, naughty glue. Okay, let's try these words. Hannah. Hannah knows or flower. He called key. Key airplane. Funny, funny, boat, head be heavy, snake. Han. Han. Book. Let's try out these words. My, my before or in front of me. Straight. Mercy, Mercy. Insect, bug. Met, met I Mono, mono, pH. Let's drag these words. Yeah. Yeah. You know, Yoda, yoda, evening. Now let's try to write down these words. Then 9, then next year. It is this squirrel, monkey. Kissy, kissy history. But also could rows, candle. And our last words, Let's do this. Seaweed, 0, 0 particle. Then 10 years. Some days you have worked so hard. So Outlook ADA, someone, this is very so. This is like a ritual phrase, but people say after they work hard and finish work, they say to each other every day. So I'm paying my respect to u because you have worked so hard and you have learned here I gonna so oxycodone Osama days and omitted those ion months. Congratulations, you have finished your first lesson of this course. So I will see you in our second lesson. Mata man. 3. Katakana: I sent me home logos, a yoga saw. Hello and welcome to your second list. And that the Japanese for Beginners scores. This is a teacher and z. And let's get started. So I want us to review the Japanese writing system. So the Japanese writing system, as we have discussed before, consists of free writing scripts. So the first one is Hiragana. Hiragana, and we have learned in our previous lesson already. And the second one is Katakana. Katakana, which we will end today. And the third one is Kinsey. Kinsey. So do you remember what we use each of these writing scripts for? Say yes, Hiragana is used for purely Japanese words. Grammatical endings are writing honorifics. Katakana is used for foreign words, people's names, names of places, food. So basically all the words that came from other countries. And the last one is Kanji. Kanji, which came from ancient China. And Kanji, they can show us a word or we can show us a concept of something. So Let's analyze this sentence one more time. Id song somewhat, KCI or debate MAS Alley song, sung lot gig your dilemmas. Addison's son, Allison. Key, KC, to obey mass will eat or eats. So sound law or in biomass are all written in Hiragana. Hiragana. We can see it because very, very curved, very elegant. They're not sharp at all. However, Ollie's song, the song name Allison and K key, k, k, k. They are both written in katakana. And we can see it because katakana is really, really sharp compared to Hiragana. And the last part, Tibet. Tibet. This is a very good. So let's start off with the first five sounds of Hiragana, r, e, a, o. So we have e, e, a, a, a, AND, or, OR. So. Now let's look at the stroke order. So the first row could be here, 1, 1 with this sharp angle, one, and the second stroke would go top to bottom to two. So we have 12. For E, we have stroke from top to left like 1, 1, and it goes to the right side and it goes to the left side one. And then we have Dr. bottom too. So 12, very good. For katakana. The first stroke would be here, one, the second stroke would be here too. And the Fed, so it would be three. So we have 1, 2, 3, perfect. For n. We have first stroke here. One, left to right horizontal, one. Then top to bottom. 23 would be the same line as here, but a bit longer. Three, left to right horizontal. So 1, 2, 3, perfect. Now let's move to all. Our first job wouldn't be left to right horizontally. 1, second stroke would be two. And this would be our third stroke. 3, 1, 2, 3. Great. Let's move on to our K line, which is cut. He could cook K, K and caught. Caught. So we have got Good. Okay. Good. Very good. So let's start off with our strokes. The first stroke will be 11, and our second stroke would go top to bottom. 212. Perfect. For key we have left to right, one. Left to right second one but a bit longer to, and then top to bottom three. So we have 1, 2, 3, right again. For Cu, this would be our first stroke. 11 second stroke would be here too. So 12. Perfect. That's our cook. For care. This would be our first stroke here. So top to bottom, left to right, two and then three, top to bottom again. So we have 123, perfect. And last one call. We would have 1, 2, 1, 2. So we have this angle, 90 degrees, one and then two. Perfect. So we have got the good cop. Great. Let's move on to our S line. And here we have SAP, SAP, see xi. So, so set, set and so, so, so we have sachets. So sad she said So. So, uh, first job for Sal would be horizontal stroke one. So the first stroke for Sal would be here, left to right horizontally one. Our second stroke would be here, top to bottom two. And it's quite short. So don't make it too long to and are fed stroke would be linked is three. So we have left to right, top to bottom, short, top to bottom with a curve. Perfect. Now moving on to C. C. So our first stroke would be here, One second stroke would be here, 2 third stroke. And this is very important. It has to go up. So like this, up, up. So we have 1, 2, and then we're going up. Perfect. And this is very important to remember the stroke order of Xi because we will have another Katakana character which will be quite similar and the stroke order will define their differences. Okay, perfect. Now let's move on to so the first group will go like this, 1, 1, and the second stroke will be here too. So we have 12 perfect vats. Our soup for our first stroke would be here, 11, and our second SOC would be two. So we have 12, perfect. And for soap. So our first stroke would be here one. And I'll second stoke would be top to bottom. Top, one, top to bottom. Please also remember this one because we will have a character that will look alike with soy as well. Okay, so here we have star c, So say, so. Very good. Now let's move on to D line, D line. So here we have that. See the thought that she thought that she thought, Very good. Now let's look at the stroke order, so forth. Tada first stroke would be this one, top to bottom one. The second stroke would be this one too. And the Fed stroke would be this 13. So we have 1, 2, 3. Perfect. Moving on to the first stroke would be. Right to left 1. The second stroke would be left to right two and then we wouldn't go top to bottom. So we have right to left, left to right and top to bottom. Perfect. Moving onto. So so if you remember our Shi, Shi a look alike, they both look like Smiley faces, right? So the stroke order for this one, we have 1, 2, and then we would go top to bottom, one to top to bottom. The effect for the first stroke would be a horizontal stroke. So we have 1. The second step would be also a horizontal stroke, but a bit longer than the one before two. And this would be our third stroke, three. So we have 1, 2, 3, That's our pet. And for the first stroke would be top to bottom one. And this would be our second stroke to 12. Perfect. So this is our t line that she thought. Now let's move on to our M line where we have not ne, net, not, not, not, not new nano. Very good. Now let's look at the stroke order. So for now, the first stroke is a horizontal stroke, left to right one. And the second stroke is stopped by them to. So we have 12 perfect seconds true. For knee. The first stroke would be one, and the second stroke would be a bit longer, but also horizontal 2. So we have 1, 2. Very easy. For new however, the first stroke would be like this. 11 second stroke would be 2, 2. So we have 1, 2, 4 net. The first stroke is the top stroke, one. The second stroke is to fit stroke is three and this is four. So we have one, top to bottom, 23 top to bottom or amazing. And for now we just have top to bottom one. Amazing. So here we have not neat naught. Now let's move on to our line where we have ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, he, hope. So for the stroke order of half, we have one N2. 12, they're good for heat. Stroke would be this one left to right, 1, 1, and the second stroke would be this one too. So we have one to 44 is just one stroke, so it's very easy. 11, forehead, it's also only one stroke. 114 Hall. We have four strokes, we have 123 or so. We have horizontally going, one, vertically going to, then we add 34. So this is our h line. Ha, he had hope. And now let's move to our M lines. We have ma, ma, ma, ma, ma, ma, ma, ma. Okay. Let's look at the stroke or her map. So the first stroke is 11 and the second stroke is two. So we have 1, 2. Very good. For me. We have three strokes, so we have 1, 2, 3. So we have one short, two short, and three is the longest, 1123. Then ten, very good are fared one move. So the first group would be this 1112 second stroke. The stroke, second stroke, 1212, very good. Met. The first stroke would be 1, 2, 3 stroke. Second stroke. First joke, second stroke, Mrs. MIT, MIT. And for more, we have first joke. Second stroke, third stroke by stroke, second stroke, stroke. So we have mock me, my mom, and that's our M line. Very good guys. Now let's take a look at these 31. So now let's take a look here. We have yap. You yeah. Oh, yeah. Yeah. Oh, yeah. Perfect. So the first drug for ya would be this one very sharp 11. And the second one would be tapped by them, 21212. And this one is a bit to the side as you have noticed. Right? Good services, yap, yap. For you. We have one. So this is a first stroke. 12 is this one. Long, 1124. We have three strokes, so this is our first 11122 and this is three, right? So we have 1, 2, 3, and you get yeah, you, yup, yup, yup. Now we are moving to our, our line. So we have, so here we have that the root grow, that the root rot. So the stroke order for one, this is our first one, horizontal stroke, one. And the second stroke would be this one to two. And we'll take a look here. The bottom part looks exactly like cut the carbon foo, foo. Okay? So you have 12. Perfect nobody. So our first stroke is this 111 and the second one is to the curve. One end to the curve that Eddie, Eddie for the first stroke is this 111. And the second one is to two root folder. We only have one stroke which is 1, 1, 1, is it a day? And for row, we have three strokes, we have 123. So we're writing like a little square. We're making a square. So you have 1, 2, 3, and Mrs. our row, row. So we have that, the Hello daddy. Very good. Now we have two more. We have law and law. And so for Wab, the stroke order would be like this. 1121212. This is what, what, and for an we have stroke one and number two would go up to 12. So we have y. And now just like in here I got nine katakana. We also have the critical marks. So we have these two, then, then, then, then N, We have this one around one. And if you remember DES to that critical marks, we help us to make new sounds without actually making new letters. Let's take a look. So this systemd them and its original name is Dakota then that could, then that could then. And this is a little circle, a little bubble, and its name is a hundred, ten, hundred ten. Well, you don't need to remember these ones because they're quite scientific, you know? So just remember how to write them and how to use them. So how to write them, you just do 10, then two little lines, and here you make a small bubble. Very good. Now they remember what letters this. This is heat again, a cat. The ad that could then it becomes GAAP. Gaap. And we write it on the right side, right? So it from car, it becomes dot, dot. Now, if car became when, we use these diacritical marks, what would this? So Qi, Qu care, caught in what into what sound would they turn? Let's think about it. I will give you five seconds. So yes, they would turn into gaa, gaa, gaa. Gaa. Gaa, gaa. Go, go. Very good. So we have gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa, go. Now here we had sat sea salt, but with diacritical marks. These sounds become Zap. Zap g, g, x2, x2, x1, x2, x4, x4, xij. Very good. Now T line top, see, the door would become that, that g, g x2, x2. Day. They DO DO. So it would become that g dot, dot, dot. For each line from hot He Fu Hei hall, they would become br be buh buh buh buh buh buh. So we have a bar, B, B buh buh buh buh. Very good. Now, if we add that little circle, the h line wouldn't become part. Part B be poo, poo. Pe, pe, people, but people pay for a good. Now, just like in Hiragana, Katakana, we also have contracted sounds with yap. Yeah. You, you know, if you remember, we need to write these contracts. It sounds yeah. Very small. Very small. So if normal yeah, would be big like this. For contract it sounds it would be half of a real letter, K, half the size. Let's take a look. So if we have T and we add yap yet, please take a look at how this one's smaller than normal at the common letter together, if we put them, it becomes. So key is not its job. Very good. Now let's take a look at examples of contracted sounds in Katakana. Jab, jab to Joe, Joe. And with diacritical marks. Yeah. Good. Good job, Joe. So we have Jack to go, get go. Check you, Joe, gag you go. Very good. Ever contracted sounds? Sap. So should, should show, show. And with diacritical marks, jab, jab, ju, ju, Joe, Joe. So we have set should show Jack Joe. Judge's job. Very good. Then we have chat chat to Joe. Joe. Chat too. New. New. No. No. No. So we have Joe. Joe, None. No. I am for our h line, we have hue. Hue. Whoa, whoa. Yeah. Bill Bill pew, pew, pew, pew, pew, pew. Great job. Egn, meow, meow, moo, moo, moo. Know me. I'm new meal. It. Yeah. Yeah. Do you know that? So we have Matt meal, daddy. Daddy. Very good. Now, just like in Utica, in cut the camera as well, we have prolonged battles. So let's take a look when we have for a loan. So let's say we have sound cat cut. If we want to make it sound double. In Hiragana, we would add an extra. But in Katakana we add this line and then we know that it's prolonged. So then we pronounce it as car, car, and then becomes w like this. And we can transcribe it like this car. Now for double E, E in Hiragana, we would add an extra e, but in katakana. And then we add this long line. So if we have some key and we add this, it will sound qi. Qi, like this prolonged. For Double O, O we have sound. So, so if we want to make it sound longer, we add this line and then it sounds like so, so, so like this. Let's say we have k, k, We want to prolong it. We added this line and it sounds like this. And for all, Let's say we have both bought, we add this line and sounds ball, ball like this. So we have G, So bot. So we need to add this line to prolong our vowels. Now just like Hiragana, Katakana also has double consonants. And when we were talking about Hiragana, we added a small two. And we do the same thing with Hiragana. And we did the same thing with katakana. We add a small zoo but cut the cannot service my leaf phase 1, 2, 3 to make the consonant coming after double. So let's take a look at this word, sock, sock, sock. So because of this mold, so k becomes double and because of this prolonged line, we have a prolonged vowel. So we have some very good. Take a look at this example. Cpu GPU. So P becomes double because we have it soon between because we have two before. Now teaching kit. You have small so before too cheap. So we have very good. So T becomes double, p becomes double, K becomes double as becomes double, and she becomes double. Okay, so the consonants become level if we write small tool before them. So now because kinda companies used to write down foreign word, sometimes we still have problems for. Transcribing what is written. So sometimes we need to make special sounds in Katakana to write down foreign words. Okay? So these are kinda, kinda foreign sound combinations. Let's take a look. So we have o, m small E next to it, and then we would save it. It's, we, we, like, we have boo, boo and small. So way, way, back this way. Then we have 0, 0 and 0, 0 war, war like this, C, C and G and J, J and J. So we have, we wore, say J, J. We make these special sounds to write down foreign words. Again, we have fie, fie, fie, fie, fie, fie 444. And T D, D de do, do, de, do for TD do. So sounds like this. Now let's practice. You will see a katakana letter on the screen, and I'll give you five seconds to think about it. What letters, bits. Okay. Let's go. C. C. So so he he there. No. No. So so e e 00 00 00 00. Nah. Not ha ha ma ma u u rho rho g. G. The Zoo. Per bot, bot. Pull. The g, g, z, z, z, z. Get gay. Kill. Go. So C0 plus your job. Kill me plus yeah, yeah. Yeah. No, mill me, bless your mill. Mill. Now, let's practice. Let's try to write down these words in Katakana. Are you ready? If you need more time, feel free to pause this lesson here and take as much time as you need, okay? But right now, I will give you around ten seconds. Let's go. Now, if you wrote down America, America a, B, or C, you are correct. So the first one is the United States, second one is England, third one is Ukraine. Fourth one is elevator, and the last one is Australia. Very good job. Now let's try to write down these combinations of base katakana letters. Okay, I'll give you five seconds. If you want, you can pause it here as well. Let's go. How I I okay. Next one. Um, she she asked us very good. E e e e 00 00, 00, 00, 00. Keep that. Comb. Comb case. Cocoa, Cocoa, SAC, SAC gamma, Scott Sica Sica Sica, semi semi soda, soda. That kx, ky. Okay. So key key. Tidy. Now my now my new new in in neck. Neck go naughty, naughty. Hannah. Hannah, go, go keep that heavy. Heavy on home. My my meat meat mushy. Mushy. Met my mom. Mom. Yeah. Could you keep you keep your yard. And I name this is side to side with h0. And also rows at all. Suck. Welcome In. Or cavemen, men, men, men, men. Guys are Mondays. You have worked so hard and you have finished learning Hiragana and got the two out of three Japanese writing scripts. I am so, so proud of you and I can't wait to see in our next lesson. Until then, please review what you have learned and get ready to learn even more new things together. And I'll see you in our next lesson. 4. Greetings: San Nihon logos say aka saw, Hello and welcome to your third lesson of this Japanese for Beginners course. This is AC to AC, and let's get started. So in today's lesson we will learn about greetings or I set i, i sets in Japanese. So let's get started. The first one, you probably have heard of it in movies or in enemy, and means Hello or Good afternoon. So it will sound like this. Colony to colony. And the most important thing here is that we have a knee, so we have double n. And please don't skip it because if you skip this and then it will sound like this. Cognitive. Cognitive. But it's quite important for people to hear this part as well. So it's like coordinate. Coordinate. Okay, very good. Let's move on to introducing ourselves. If we want to. If we want introduce ourselves, we could say like this, what the SU up? This, no, Maya means name. So here you can insert your name. I will use my name as an example. Again. What the Shira Rajit this, what does she write or D this I am rows. So what does she, what does she means, I or me? What is a particle which defines our topic? And we would translate this as S for me. I am Rosie and this means is our m. So one more time. What does Shira Rajit this very good. Another way to introduce ourselves is to say, what does she know? Rajit this, what does she know Now, Mila or, or D? This my name is. So what does she know means my now my amines name. Here we insert our name into this pneumonia in brackets and then this means is. So my name is Let's try one more time. What does she know now? My rho g this you can try to save a sentence with inserting your name here. I will give you five seconds to try. How did it go? Where is it all good? Great. Then let's move on. How can we ask what's your name? What's your name? We would ask it like this or none. None this guy. And this guy. Or now my num, this car. Very good. So now my amines name or is an honorific particle. So if we're talking about someone else's name, we're asking someone else's name. We want to make it sound very polite, so we're at all. Before now, my non-disclosure non means what this means is and COP is a question marker. So what is your name or number? Nine, this guy. Very good. Now, when we want to say nice to meet you, there are two ways in Japanese to say nice to meet you. Okay? So the first one is Geneva's mare. She had the very good. And the second one is euros. Good on a guy she mass Rosco, and a guy she mass your row. She could ordinary guy, CMA. Although this one ends in, so we don't say on a die shoe mass, we've said she must so as if the disappears. Okay. So how are these two Nice to meet you or different? Well, is the first word that we would say when we're meeting someone for the first time, we wouldn't say like, hello, good morning, good afternoon. We would say, my step. Nice to meet you. Had summit means beginning to start something in Japanese. So it means that we're starting something we're meeting for the first time came very good. And after asking for someone's name, after applying what's RNA, where we are from? At the very end we would say euro scorning isomers. It's nice to meet you. Please treat me favorably. Okay, hedonia, much that will go at the beginning of our introduction. And your autoscaling I schema's would go at the very end. Very good. Now, then to learn she means practice. So the first thing we would say when we're meeting someone would be hygiene image the image there. Now you can try. How did it go? Good. The second thing, well, we could say or non-discursive or none this gap, What's your name? And the third thing would be introducing ourselves what the tsunami, the Audis. What does you know now Mayawati or this? My name is real. So here let's take a look. When we say how much they're usually the other person will reply hyperthermia much there as well. And then one of you will ask, well now Mayawati none this car, What's your name? And then the other person will reply and then asked the same question on our myON and this guy. And then you will apply your name. What are synonymous? The Audis. Very good. Now this is how this conversation would look like. Okay? I will read the black. I will read the black dialogue and you'll read the red one. So we will go like this. I will say this word and then you will say this one. I will say this one. And you'll see this one, and then now see this one, and you'll see this one. Okay. Let's go. Had to memorize what the Shira this scanning, I see mass. Very good. So here I said Nice to meet you said Nice to meet you. I introduce myself without waiting for someone task for my name. And then you introduce yourself as well right away. And then I said, Nice to meet you again. And you said Nice to meet you again. Very good. Do you want to try one more time? But this time you would be the black one. Alright? So you will begin and I will continue again. Let's go there. What the sera by cache this scanning I CMA has. Very good job. All right, Let's move forward. Now. I will be black one and you will be red one. Okay, let's try this out. What does she know now my view or this schema's none. This guy. Very good. Now let's take a look at this dialogue. I said, Nice to meet you. My name is real. Nice to meet you again. And then he said, Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. Okay. But then you didn't mention your name. And sometimes that happens if there are like many people, like five people meeting for the first time, you know. So then I asked you on the maya 19, discard, what's your name and then you apply it to me. My name is Takahashi. Very good. Let's move on. How to say good morning in Japanese. So this is an informal way to say good morning, Ohio. Ohio. Ohio. A more formal way of saying good morning is Ohio goes I, Emma's. Ohio was a mass. Ohio goes I mass. So we add goes I months to make it more formal. If we're seeing Ohio goes, I amass, we can say to anyone older than as two people that we don't know so well. But Ohio, only this part, we can see only two people that are very close to us or family members or friends. Okay. So again, good afternoon. Good evening. Would be comma. Comma. Comma. So although here, this is heat are gonna ha, ha, but sometimes we pronounce it as wow. Wow. Good night. In an informal way would be oh, yes. Oh, yes. So me. Oh, yes. Sydney. Good night. In a formal way would be oh, yes. Amina psi. Psi. Yes, Amina say very good. Long time. No. See, he says she birdie this, or he says she barely days. So when we say it, we say it very fast like Oh, he said She body, but slowly it would sound like this. Or he said see the this. So if you know someone really well, I can just say, Oh, he sociability. But if you don't know someone that well or they're older when you are higher in status, you can say, Oh, he said she bullied this, or he said she birdie this. Very good. Now how would we ask, how are you? Again key this guy? Again key, they scar or gain this gap. So again, key in Japanese means healthy, energetic, full of energy. All the honorific particle. And this means is our cars question marker. So how are you would be our Genki, they scar. If you want to apply that you are fine or good. You can see Genki, this Genki, this Genki, this gain key, this. And if you want to ask and you, and yourself, you can insert the name here and then state some law. So sound is a prefix that we add after someone's name to make it more respectful, like Mr. Mrs. Mrs. okay. So we always need to add it up to someone else's name and then y. So let's say I wanted to ask and how about real? I would say be awesome NWA, be awesome law. So I tell the person's name and then I add some MY because saying just a new would be very, very rude and impolite in Japanese. All right, So now let's practice. Let's do it in Should I will be black and you will be red. Let's go. He says, Hey buddy, this high gain key, this be some law. Very good. So when we talked about a year, I said Long time, no. See. And then you said Long time, no. See how are you? And then I replied, Oh, yes, I'm good. And you like B is like presumably someone's name and then you apply it. I'm good. Very good. Now let's switch roles. I will be red and you will be black. Okay, Let's go. He said stability. Again, key this guy. And now let's switch row. He says embody this again, key, this guy, Genki, this. Very good. Now how to say goodbye and Japanese, I know, but a lot of people have heard this way of saying goodbye and movies and TV and et cetera. And how we pronounce it is sayonara. Sayonara. Sayonara. It means goodbye. But Japanese people wouldn't save this very often like they wouldn't say it among friends or family members because Sayonara, it sounds like you're not going to see someone ever again. It's like goodbye forever. So it's useful knowing it, but I wouldn't use it because it's a bit weird. Usually people say like Bye-bye, Bye-bye, Mike in the English way, right? Or the most commonly used phrases are See you later and we have a lot of them. So see you can be Janet. Janet. Janet. So it's very informal. It's like among friends and you're like see you, Dennett or Jap. Now if you wanted to say to someone see tomorrow, you can say my dash. Dash. Magda means again, I stemming tomorrow so much. See you tomorrow. And then we'll wait to see you. Can be Mazda, Miata net, Montana. And I really like using this one. And there's another one. See you later. And see you later would be Mazda. Miata. Outdoor DNA. Atom means later. Mater means again. So again later. Math. That means see you later. Very good. Now let's review what we have learned today. On me. On me. What I see you, rho g this. But I see you at Audi, this. What I see now, now Maya, an OD, this best-known, um, Iowa and orgy this. So here and here you can just insert your name when you're reviewing. Okay. Well now Mayawati none, this will now Mayawati none. This guy, a guy schemas. Schemas. Ohio goes, I months. Ohio goes, I must had to manage the high demand much on bom, bom, bom, bom law. Essentially booty this. He says she body this. Again key they Scott. Again key the SCA. Getting to this Genki, this some NWA, some NWA, sayonara, sayonara, bye, bye. Bye, bye. Medina. Mata net. Good job on your review. Now let's practice a little bit more. Okay, so I will be gray and I will give you some time to ask me a question before I start replying my next answer. Okay? So first of all, I will go here. Get so if you apply it to me, hija me my stuff, It's very good. Now, what question would you ask? So I would reply like this. If you asked or none, this guy and this guy, What's your name? That's perfect. And then I would reply. What does she know now Mayawati hands-on days. What does she know now Mayawati 100 is my name is Hannah. And then I would say Yoda score and NIC months ago and the guy she mass and you can reply also, Schoning, I see mus. Very good. Now let's practice like this. I will be red and you will be black. Let's go near my state. What does she want, Hannah, this one then? This guy, cosine of this. You are going I assume has. Very good. Now let's analyze what we have talked about here. So I said, Nice to meet you and your applied as well, nice to meet you. Then I said, What I see you, I know this. I'm Hannah will now my one on this guy. What's your name? And then you replied, What does you are? You got this, you go. And then I replied, u equals sum this man. Your u equal. Okay, so it's like me checking if I got your name right. And then I said your Schoning, I schema's nice to me too. And you reply it as well. You go to school on a guy she was. Okay, Let's try out this dialogue. I will be red and you will be black. Let's go. Oh, he says Djibouti. Genki, this vehicle, salmonella. Very good. So I said oh, Long time, no, see and you said Long time, no, see. How are you And I said, Oh, I'm good. And how about you, you call and you apply it. Oh, good. This year worked so hard and you have finished your lesson about greetings. So now you'll be able to greet in Japanese. I'm so proud of you. Only the dough was islands. Congratulations, and I will see you in our next lesson. 5. Manners: Nasa and Nihon low-cost a yoga saw. Hello and welcome to your fourth lesson of this Japanese for Beginners course. This is your teacher or z and let's get started. So let's review what we have learned in a previous lesson. Review in Japanese is focus Shu. Shu Fukushima. I will repeat every word twice to two. What does see you at rho d? Rho d this. So right here where we have no Maya or empty space, you can just put your name. Okay. What does she know now? My row D This what they see. No, No, my lord, the days. None. This guy or this guy. Your raw score and a guy schemas. You're rush Carnegie schema's. Ohio was I once, Ohio was, I once had Jimmy much. They had Jimmy much. They combine. Again key this guy. Again, he discard. Gain key, this key, this. Someone, someone. Sayonara. Sayonara. Bye, bye. Bye, bye. Medina. Medina. Great job. And now let's start our new topic. So a new topic is manners. Let's get started. So the first word we will learn today is on a guy she mass. On a guy she mass or near guy schemas. So it means please. And what it literally means is, I'll ask you to do me an honorable favor. I'm asking me to do something for me. Okay. Cutter, set guy cut, how to use it. So the first way to use it is when you ask someone else to do something for you or you are counting on them to do something. Okay, so let's read this first sentence. Wine or on a guy she mass wine or on a guy schemas. So y means wine or negation must please. So you can say wine police. And it would mean, oh, could you please bring me wine? But this would be very, very, very polite. Wine. Or on a guy she mass. Another way to use it could be more door or new guy she mass, moiety though negation mass. One more time please. So let's say you're talking to a native Japanese speaker and they're talking a bit too fast and you want them to repeat what we have just said. You can just see more to go on a nice UMass. One more time, please. Second way to use it. And you already know when is when you're meeting someone for the first time, and it translates as nice to meet you, or please be nice to me or please treat me favorably. And that is your rush. On a guy's schema's, your Ashkelon, a guy schemas. So it comes with this euros, euros on a guy schemas. Third way to use it is when someone says very willing to do something or help you in some way. And When you say on NIGMS, it's like, oh please do that. That's so nice of you. So let's take a look at this example. Home TO discard, home towards the sky job, ordinary guy schemas, job on NIGMS, Han dominance, really HomePod, this car, really job. Then on a guy she mass, please do that. So as you can see, very so many ways to use this word on a schema's and it will be used every day in Japanese language, so I highly recommend using it. And another thing is that if you're working with Japanese people, using on a guy she mass or your rush governing a schema's will be very important because it can also mean like, thank you for your valuable time on, let's start working hard together. So it's a very, very important phrase. Moving on to psi. Psi. Psi could also means please, but please in a sense, when you're asking for someone to give you something or do something for you. And then you need to use this particle or before the word could I say? So we have all could that side or that side. Very good. It's okay. It's okay. So the first way to use it is when you're asking for someone, please give me something or please do something for me. So you can say Saudi al Coda psi. So psi, psi means that. So, sorry I could I say that Li, so please give me that. Or, or Chao could assign. Or Chao could ISI or k-means in Japanese. So t, please, please give me t. So this is the first way to use it is when we use it with noun and oh, could I say, now in an oxidized side, please give me something. The second way to use it is when we will use it with a verb. And then we will use Terraform, which we will learn later on. So something tech that site. So it wouldn't mean please do something for me. The third word is, those are those are those are here you go. Sets like please, when you are giving someone something, like you're giving a gift and a dosa. So Kcat that to kind of cut that sits please, when a person brings something that is yours. So for example, caught outdoor zone. Zone. So let's say someone has your code and they're giving it to you and they would say, this, does this please. So they're giving it to you. Codio Dasa. Another common way to use Dasa is caught cheetah, a door zone, Cocina, those up this way, please. This way. Kaci those up. Our next word is finished. You in an informal way. Id got though. I got though. I do that though. Very good. Thank you very much. Thank you in a formal way. Id that Davos, I must I do that though was I got door cause I must. Very good. Now how would you say you're welcome in Japanese? Though it I see my stay though, that she must though, she must see the very good. Another way to say, You're welcome, It's like EA. So if alone by itself means now, but if you repeat it twice, it will mean You're welcome. I'm sorry. Psi. Psi. Psi. Excuse me, I'm sorry. Semi-major said semi-major and semi-minor. So you use to me my son when you want to get someone's attention and when you're like, oh, excuse me, can I ask you a question and things like that. But the one before government Maasai would be used more commonly if you bump into someone. And semi myosin is a bit more formal. And never worried that Japanese people use is that, that schemas, schemas, schemas be saved as before the meal. So it's like a ritual phrase, which actually doesn't mean anything. But if you translate it, it wouldn't mean thank you for the meal. Before eating. Schemas. And after the meal, you would say go to source some. Go-to saw some. But she saw some in an informal way. And in a more formal way, you would sit and in a more formal way, you would say, gotcha. Gotcha. Gotcha. Saw some my dish sta. But she saw some Monday sta. Thank you for the meal after eating. Now, let's try to practice. I will read to you some situations and try to guess which word would be used in these situations. Okay? So the first one, you are walking in the store and accidentally not someone as you pass by, you say semi my SAN or gum in nasa. Nasa. So I think government law psi would be more commonly used in this situation. Because semi Monsanto's more like, Excuse me, sorry, but some people might use this one as well. Our second situation is us sitting in a restaurant and one some more water and you need to call over the waiter. You say some semi-major and semi-minor fan? Yeah, you use semi Mohsen because it's like, oh, excuse me. Our third situation is a hungry and you eat your roommates last homemade cookie, not knowing which she was saving it. You say go men, go men or gunmen, Maasai, woman, nasa. So go men now sides, I'm sorry, but a bit more formal. And gunmen is short version of glutaminase. So if you are very close to your romantic and woman comment, and if you're not as close, you can see goleman, nasa. Nasa. And now, and now let's learn some new vocabulary. So coffee in Japanese wouldn't be called E. Coli. He called, He water would be me. Misa means a. Beer. B, B. B. Can you bring me something? Noun or noun? Or could I psi? So we will put the name of the fingers we want someone to bring for us, okay, beer, water, or coffee. Okay, so summing all kinda say this is a very common we task for it. Okay, so now let's practice. How would you say, Can you bring me be, think about it. I will give you five seconds. Be 0, psi, be true. Could say beer, please. Please bring me beer. Very good. How could we ask can we bring me water? Mezzo, could I say measles? Could I say measles? Could I say white, please? Can you bring me coffee? Coffee or could I say or he'll say that psi coffee, please. Very good. Yeah, Where it's so hard and you have finished another lesson of the Japanese for Beginners. Scars on my data was a month and I will see you in our next lesson. 6. Numbers: Mean AS and Nihon logos say Alcazar, Hello and welcome to our fifth lesson of his Japanese for Beginners course. This is your teacher is z hat. Let's get started. So first of all, risks review what we have learned in our previous lesson and review in Japanese is Fukushima Daiichi. Fukushima. Focus should I will repeat every word twice. Let's go. Or nevi schemas or named Guy schemas could assign Could that psi those up? Those up. I do that though. I do that though. I know you got though was I must, I do that though was I must stay though. Eia, EIA, psi, psi, semi-major and semi-minor said schemas. Schemas. She saw this. Gutsy saw someone, they stop. Great job. And today we will learn about numbers or sudo g. So g, So g in Japanese. 1, P 2, neat, neat, neat. Three. Sun. Sun. Sun. For young, young. Young. I wrote down over two readings, your end. She, just though you would keep them in mind because we will use them in the future. Five, go, go, go. 6. 7, nana, nana, eight, Hetch, Hetchy, nine, Q, q, Q, 10, 11. So here we will write 10 and we will add one afterwards. So it will say, See. So 10, 11, 12. Also the same Genie. Genie 13, son, son. The sun. 14, young young young, 15, Go, go, go. 16, 17, 18, 19. Q Q. Q 20 need need need someone reaching 2030. 40. We need to add 2, 3, 4 in front of the 10 K, 21, 22, 23 need some, need. Some. 24. Ni Jiang. Jiang. 25, need to go. Neil got 26, 27, 28, 29. Need you need to q. Now, if we wanted to continue with ferry, it would be exactly the same. So we would add three in front of the 10 and then it would be 30. And then afterwards, we just add One 23 sub Sanjay, sanjay knee and et cetera. Same thing goes with 4041 would be 42 would be beyond 50, 51 52, knee, and et cetera, 606160 to 7971, HE 72 nominee and et cetera, 80818080 to 909192100 had had had someone to pay attention here to this. We have he hat hacker. Okay. So 100 is heck. Two hundred three hundred Sunbeam. Sunbeam, some back good. Four 100. Young here. So I wanted to ban tension here to be because it turns into B. So it's not sunny hacker, but some gap could be via some Vaca. Very good. 400. Yani heck, young hacker, young hacker, 500. Go ahead. Go ahead. Go ahead. 600. Rebecca. Rebecca. Rebecca. So here and I've exception it's it becomes p, p seven hundred, eight hundred have Jaco, have, Pepco, have. So here we have not only P but also smoked, so have p or q. So p becomes w. Have gucken, a 100, heck could, To heck, heck. Very good. And now 100 is sen. Sen, sen or a sin, a sin, a sin. 2000, nice and nice and nice and 3000 sons N sons, N sons. And it's an exception here with the z. 4 thousand young men, young men, young men 5000 goes and goes and goes sin sin sin sin 7 thousand. Nonetheless, sen non lesson. Nonetheless, and 8 thousand has sin, has sin has sent. So we have an exception here with small so and S has sin que sin kinesin. Kinesin nine thousand. And ten thousand would be to munge. It seems. So mn means 10000. So 110 thousand would be one. And then we just need to add number here. How many, ten, thousands. And then we say Mon, Mon. Now let's practice. You see a number on the screen and please try to think of it in Japanese. How would you say it in Japanese? Okay. I will give you 10 seconds to think about it. Okay? Okay. So let's go 24. Neon. Neon. Neon. Very good. 18. Had she had she had a very good. So we have 10 and 839. Sundu. Q. Q Sanjay. So we have 3, 10, and 939100. Heck could have, could have 324. Sunbeam. Sunbeam. So we have 300 to 10424324. Very good. 610 row, row. So DACPAC is our exception. 610, 850 have hot. So hot gecko 800, go phi j, 10. Very good. So humpback is our exception. 850, 3 thousand sons then sons n sums. And this is our exception with Zen. 8,600 has send, little Petco has send little Gecko has 78 thousand, with exception for our pico 60006 section, 101,800. It's 20 thousand neon. Neon, so we have 210 thousands. So Neiman, 20,007. Nana. For young young 14 177054. Lian. Got very good job. 13 son to son. Two hundred and forty eight hundred ninety have 431. Yawn hat cosine. It's the yarn had two sons. Very good. Nine. Q. Q 66. Kids, 25. Needs to go. Needs got 76. Now, Nigerian, Roku. Now, if you feel the need to practice again, feel free to read. Now, if you feel like you need to practice again, feel free to go back to the beginning and practice those numbers again. But so far you have worked so hard. Let's look at SMI days. You have learned a lot of new numbers, so you will be able to do so many things when you know numbers on the detailed design WAS congratulations, and I'll see you in our next lesson. 7. Food, This, That, That Over There: Me not then Nihon law say Jocasta, Hello and welcome to the sixth lesson of his Japanese for Beginners scores. This is your teacher and I'm so excited about this lesson. You might ask why? Because in this lesson we will learn new grammar and we will learn a ton of new vocabulary. So without further ado, let's get started. If you feel the need to review what we have learned in our previous lesson, feel free to go back and review it. But now we will start learning about grammar. And grammar in Japanese is boon for one, for one pole. Very good. The first thing that we will learn today is particle one. So as you can see, we write it as Hiragana ha, well we pronounce it as a particle as watt. Very good. So what is particle one? Particle one is a topic mark. So it indicates the topic of our conversation. It indicates where the conversation is about. So we can translate it as S4. And y is usually put after a noun. Let's take a look. So here you can see an empty sentence with two empty circles. Something, why? Something this, this means is RM in general to be. So something. Why asks for something? It is something. So here we can put a noun and you know, someone's name, object, anything you want in here we can with noun, adjective, and et cetera. Let's take a look at example sentence. What does she want? Gsc, say this galaxy, this what this u OK, say this. What does she means? I or me? Gsc savings student. Although we write it as God, could say, we pronounce it galaxy, galaxy as if the UI from disappears. So as for me, what does Sheila? As for me? I am a student or I am a student. Very good. Another example sentence, Cordova psi, this psi, this Caudell ISI, this quota means this, this right here. So quote iowa S For this. Yes, I means vegetable or vegetables. Is a vegetable. So this is a vegetable. Very good. Now how to make a question in Japanese? So first let's take a look at the symptoms with we have just analyzed. Yes, psi this psi this S for this. It's a vegetable. So this is a vegetable. Now, what we need to do if we want to make a question, we need to empty the space afterwards. So we need to take out our object. So yes, I would take it out. And we need to add an empty space app. And we need to add an empty space after this. Now why do we do this? Because instead of dispersed empty space, we put the word none. None. None means what in Japanese. So claudia One none. This car. Car is a question mark or but we put at the end of the sentence when you see, you know, it's a question. So Cordova non-discursive. As for this, what is it? So what is this? That's how we make our question. And if you want to give an answer instead of non, you've put your answer here. So let's say yes psi n, you just remove. So we just leave this. And the answer would sound like this. Yes, psi this, this is a vegetable. Very good. Now again, let's take a look at the sentence Cordova non-discursive. So chi indicates a question. This is very important because when we will be learning how to make questions, so we will always need car and none. We will also use it very often in sentences and questions. None, none, what? Perfect. And now let's learn Japanese words for this, that, and that over there. Okay. So this would be, quote it. God at that wouldn't be sought in sod it saw in it. And that over there would be very good. So we use caught it, caught it when we don't actually say this wallet, this house, this flower when we don't name the object. Okay? So we just wanna see this. Okay? So if I, if I have a wallet next to me, I would just say, quote it. This. However, I could also use it in a sentence like this chord, a Wab. As for this, this is a wallet. Psi for this, psi for this, okay? But you couldn't say coda psi for psi for this wallet. It wouldn't be logical in Japanese because there's another word to use it like that. Okay, so now let's start off with this quote, it, got it. Now we use this word when we are talking about an object that is next to the Speaker. Okay? So let's imagine we are the speaker, like you are the speaker or I'm the speaker, and this wall is next to me. So I would say coordinate this. And if I wanted to say this is a wallet, I would say psi for this, Claudio dot psi for this. But I couldn't use it as this wallet. Okay, keep it in mind. Very good. Now we have our second word, sod it, sod it. So we add the speaker and we are here and the listener, or a Patna is here. And so the object that is next to her for us would be sorted. Sorted that. So it's a little bit far away from us, but not so far away. So will be sorted, sorted that. And we would want to say that is a wallet, will say stored Iowa cipher this soda watt psi for this, that is a wallet. Okay, very good. Now added is that over there? So it means it's far away both from the speaker and listener. So we are here in the wallet is over there. And we would say that over there. And if we want to say, and if we would want to say bad over there is a wallet. We would say psi for this, psi for this, very good. And now let's learn a Japanese word for this bat and that over there, when we're using it together with a. Now, what do I mean together with a noun? When we wanted to say this wallet, that wallet, that over there. Because before we learn this VAT, VAT over there for saying just this, that without the noun. And now when we want to name it very clearly we will use these words. Cournot, sauna, soul, not unknown, unknown. So again, let's imagine that you are the speaker here. The wallet is next to you and you want to save this wallet. You would say Kono psi for psi for psi for very good. Now let's say the wall is next to your friend, to the listener. For you it would be that wallet right here, right? So no Psi for, so no SIFE who saw no cypher, amazing. And bad wallet over there, far away from both of you would be. And not psi for not psi and not psi for that while it over there. Perfect. Now, if we want to ask which one, we need to use the word, don't know. Don't know. Don't know. So let's say we have three wallets and we want to ask which one, then we would say, don't know psi for this cab. Don't know psi for this guy. I don't know which one. Then we named the object wallet. Is it so which while it is it? Which one? Very good. Now we also have words here, there and over there. So let's imagine you are right here and the houses here. You would say here, Koko, Koko. And if you want, say it's here, like right here, you can see cocoa, this Coco does by adding is our cocoa DES. Now over there, like now there would be soko, so-called, so-called, so-called s. So again, it depends on the distance that you are away from the place. So you are here with scenarios here so that it would be so-called, so-called. And if you go far away from the place and it's really far away, you would see a socle. Socle. Socle, socle. And you can ask, is it over there, then you can say a so-called discard, a so-called ESCA. Is it over there? And if you want to ask, when is something, the word is doh, doh, doh, go where? So though codecs Scott. Scott, where is it though CodeSkulptor? And now let's start learning new vocabulary. So food in Japanese is WMO. Mono. Mono. Tibet is a part of the word to eat and mono is a thing. So Tabia, monoamines, edible things. Tab a mono, bread on I'm on rice or corn, man, I need to pay attention here that is uncooked rice. We have another word for cooked rice. And our word for cooked rights is go. Go, go Hon. Egg in Japanese is Tom Mongo. Mongo. Mongo. Meat is NAEP. Neat, neat, good. Pork is tiny, but dynamic. But that means pig meat. So pork is good timing, good. Darling. Chicken. So Tarde is bird and Nico is meat. So given, given, given equal beef, fish, SAT, cannot sack, cannot sack karma. Vegetables. Yes, psi, psi. Psi. Let us, us, us. Onion, garlic, daddy, daddy, daddy. Pepper as n spices. Show, show, show. Carrot, nein, nein, nein Xin, tomato. Tomato. Tomato. Tomato, fruit. Could that one not that mono, Kodama, Apple, Ingo. Got banana. Banana. Banana, banana, watermelon. Say deega, say deega, say deega. Strawberry. Go, go, go grapes. But doh, doh, doh, drink. Now MIMO, MIMO non, non mi is a part of the VAB drink and mana spin. So drinkable thing is a drink non-minimal not milk can be set in two different ways. The first one is, second one is mu, two. Mu t is or, or, or. Sugar. Sad. Sad though, that though honey Hatsune Miku had, had. And now I will ask you some questions and we will practice together. So I will ask you what is it? And you will see something on the screen, as you can see now, some vegetables and you will need to reply to me in Japanese. Okay. So do you remember if we have a question, Cordova? None the sky when we're giving the answer, we need to remove car and instead of not put our answer, okay? So I will give you five seconds to answer. I will give you five seconds to answer each question. If you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause this lesson. Locate. Take your time to think. No rush. So I'll ask you the question now. Guardiola Nian, the sky. God. Yes, psi this. Psi this. So S for this. It's vegetables. Yes, psi, psi vegetable. So these are vegetables. Cordova, man, this guy got AOA. Good. Now Mano, this Codelab, Damo nowadays, visa fruit. Nonetheless, got this guy. Cordova or Jedis, Codelab, Aedes. It's De Cordova window. This window, this, It's grapes. Today's Sega, this, it's wider Malin. And now I want to teach another thing. So how to say I1 something when we're talking about a noun. So it's not like I wanted to do something, but I want something like i1. I didn't have strawberries are watermelon, i1 t, Okay. So something. And now in here got wo shi this got xi, this Hoshi means 21 or Xi this. Okay, so let's try to think. Okay, but before we start making our sentences, I need to tell you one thing. This way of saying I once something is very, very direct, so it might not be considered very polite. So you might use it among your friends or family members when you want to say something very directly. But Japanese people, when they're with people that they're not very close with the wooden CBS. People would think this is a bit childish way of saying, I want something. But for beginner, lend us this is totally, this is stowed to. This is totally okay. Okay. If I want to say I1 bread, I would say Bang Gao Wo shi this pan Gao Wo Shi This I1 bread. And another way, but a more polite way of saying I once something is something or something, or could eyesight so something please, or something, or on a guy she mass something. Oh, she mass. So 00 omega xi must. If we're looking at levels of politeness, OK, Desiree would be less polite, but this is already very polite. But all or negation wise is like begging someone in a very, very polite way. So let's take a look. If I want to say I1 milk, I can see gain you could as psi. Psi. Nice. And now let's practice. So we see a girl, Our speaker, and we see a flower next to her, okay? And we want to say, this is a flower. This is a flower. What word would we use here in Japanese? Do you remember we learned coding, como cocoa, one of these words. But Pay attention, but here I just wanted to say this, this, this is a flower. I don't want to say this flower. I just wanted to see this is a flower. So if you feel like you need more time to think, feel free to pause this lesson here. But I will give you five seconds to think about Dancer. Okay, let's go. Hannah, this. Hannah this. So Hanna is a flower. And we would use Word coding, coding because coda means this, so called S for this, this is a flower. Very good. And now we have a listener year. So the flowers next to the listener, what word would we use to describe that? That, that is a flower? Let's think about it. So at AOA holidays. So at AOA Han ludus. So that has, for that, that is a flower. Very good. And last one, the flowers far away from both the speaker and the listener. How, how would we say that over there is a flower idea? Was Hannah this, this very good job? And now, now we want to name particularly the object. So we want this wallet, okay, so it's next to the girl. So we want, say this wallet. What word would we use here? Kono psi for? Psi for this wallet. Very good. So when we use it with a noun like this, we need the word quantile, quantile k, And now the wallet is next to the listener. So what word would we use here? So no Psi for, so, for. So no Sigh. Very good. And lastly, the wallet is far away from both the speaker and the listener. We want to say bad wallet over there. What word would we use here? Are not psi for psi for very good. And now I will ask you a question, doc or this car dock Odessa. Where is it? So we have a camera Yann and we want to say it's here, it's there, or it's over there. So if the camera is next to the speaker, what word would we use to describe its location? Cocoa, this Coco, this, it's here. Very good. Now, if the camera is next to the listener, what word would we use here? Doc or desktop? Decoy disco. So-called, this so-called IS very good. And if it's far away from both of them and we want to say it's, oh, it's over there. What word would we use here? A so-called this as Socrates. Great job. And now I will ask you, what is it? And I'll give you five seconds to answer. What is it in Japanese? Okay, let's go. Going. Man, this guy. Cordova, pundits. Pi1, this, it's bread. None. This gap means in this caught a whitening gene. This, It's carrots. On Monday, sky. Goddess, goddess. It's an egg. Cordova none this gap. This, this, it's fish. Cordova tomato des Cordova bodies. It's a tomato. Guardiola non-discounted. Goto on Monday, TSCA. Daylighting goddess, daylighting God, this, it's an apple. Banana. Banana. Banana has, gotta have output. Do this. Coda while Buddha, oh, this scrapes. On lambdas TSCA, cordova, goddess, Cordova, E2 goddess, it's a strawberry Guardiola Nagy, this Cordova Nagy, this, it's an onion. Let's look at this. You have weight so hard and you have finished yet. Nevertheless, none of this course, I'm very, very proud of you. Amide togas islands. Congratulations, and I'll see you in our next listen. My dynamic. 8. Telling The Time: I mean, I said Nihon logos say yoga saw. Hello and welcome to our seventh lesson of the Japanese for Beginners cost, this is your degeneracy. Let's review what we have learned in a previous lesson. I will repeat every word twice as always. Let's go. Code it. Sod it. Sadi, Carnot, carnal, Sono, Sono, Cocoa. Cocoa, socle, socle, socle. Socle. The WMO, PAN, PAN, comin, down Margot. Margot, neat. Neat. But then the tiny Guinea. Good. Soccer. Soccer. Yes, psi psi ag, ag, garlic. Garlic. Show means in tomato. Tomato, could domino. Hitting go thing, go. Banana. By nama. Sega. Say go, go, doh, doh, doh, doh. Hatsune meets. So in today's lesson, we will learn everything about the time or as we call it in Japanese, G. G can and she can. Okay, so let's get started. So how do we ask in Japanese, What time is it now? Let's read this sentence. So MIMO San, SEN, EMA, this guy. So semi mass n as you already know as excuse me, sorry. Ema means now in Japanese, EMA, none means what? G means hour. This guy. So that's means is cut indicates a question. So excuse me. Now, what is it? So what R is, what time is it? Semi mass n. And now let's learn how to call ours in Japanese. So our g, g, g. So it can be our or o'clock. And then before G, before our, we need to add a number. What R is it? Ok? So if we want to say it's one o'clock, we would say it C, D, E, G, a get two o'clock would be Ni De Ni Jie. Ni De. Three o'clock would be sandy. Sandy San Zhi. Four o'clock would be yo yo G. Pay attention here that it's not Eon, it's not she, but it's yo yo get five o'clock would be Golgi. Golgi. Golgi. So we have got g. Very good. Now let's take a look at hours from six to ten o'clock. Six o'clock with B, rock could could could g, seven o'clock would be CTG? Ctg. Eight o'clock would be Hudson g high TG TG. Nine o'clock wouldn't be couldn't gee, could G? And ten o'clock would be G, G. G. So let's take a look at seven o'clock. Keep in mind that it's not non-IT. Okay. And take a look at nine. It's not q, but it's Cook. Could g could. So we have rocket G, G, G. G, G, G. Very good. And 11 o'clock would be z. And 12 o'clock would be JPEG. So we have G and G, Perfect. Now, another thing that we need to learn is hard to say am, pm and half-past in Japanese. So am in Japanese would b goes in, goes in, goes then NPM would be go, go, go, go, go, go. And half paths would be hun, hun, Han, and Han literally means hot. It can also mean half of something. Now we have learned hours. Let's take a look at minutes. So one-minute in Japanese with B0. B1. It can take a look here that we have a small So, so it makes the P coming after double a very good. And minutes and Japanese will be PAN OR fun. So let's take a look at how it will change depending on the minute. So one-minute wouldn't be open, but two minutes would be nice, fun, fun. Fun. We have food, phone here. Three minutes would be some, some, some P_1. Four minutes would be young, young, young, young gone. Five minutes wouldn't be golf. And golf. And golf. Six minutes would be a row. Row. Row. Take colored here again, we have small so it makes the peak coming after double Europan. Seven minutes would be not enough. Not enough. Not enough. Eight minutes can be happen. Has been or had chief. Had chief and depending on the context, but I think the first one is used more commonly happen with the small. So here, nine minutes would be Q fun, fun. Fun. Ten minutes could be been put an OR. But the first one is more commonly used joke. Tickling here, here we have contracted sounds, and after the contracted sounds we have small CSU and then pawn. And here also we have G. And after 11 minutes wouldn't be, been been been 12 minutes would be NIF and fun journey for 15 minutes with B, just sun. The sun. Just some 14 minutes would be too young. Too young to young. 15 minutes would be to golf. The GOP fun. Gf. 16 minutes would be up to 17 minutes to Nana, often enough to non-African. 18 minutes could be said in two different ways. In just happen to have the Hutcheson had chief and 19 minutes to give. 20 minutes need Japan. Japan or needs it. Need to put 15 minutes, 30 minutes, Sun Tzu, Sun joke or Sunday. Sunday. But now there is order of telling the time in Japanese while in English when we're saying the time, we usually say 06:00 PM, six am. So am pm goes after dour. However, in Japanese, it's the opposite. Firstly, we would need to say, is it AM or PM. Then we would need to say the number plus the, our word g. So o'clock. And then lastly we would tell the minutes or if it's half past ok. So we have AN PAN number plus our word and then minutes or hotpots. So let's practice. I will ask you what time is it now? And you will see time written here on the screen. And I will give you ten seconds to think about it and tell me then. So if you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause this lesson here and take your time to think there's no rush. Ok, let's get started. Him Anansi this gap. Go, go, go, go, hand this. So first of all, we would say go-go, go-go pm. Then we would see it C, one G, So one o'clock. Okay? And then only then we would say hotpots, Han. So he would say it like this. Go, go, go, go to G one, this is 130 now. Scott. Scott goes then this goes then CTG Handy's. It's 730 AM suffers we would say am goes then then she seven o'clock, and then Hun, half-past. Very good. Next one. Hero Coogee, sand Europan. This arrow could sign up for this. Again. It goes then your GDS goes, then your d. This goes n a n a g, Four o'clock. Very good. Go-go could see. Hmm, this go-go could see this scar. Scar goes then Q fundus goes then Q fundus, Gaza am eight o'clock, 19 minutes. And then this would mean is get even more practice. Your G one, this one, this Very good. Could be, this, could see this very good. Ctg hand, this 70-30. Very good. You need to go for this. You need to go often this scar. Often this Sunday to go often this ANG desktop. Erg to fund this burden, this perfect. This had this nice. And this. Hyundai's outspokenness on Monday SEO works so hard and you have finished a very important lesson. Now you will learn how to tell the time in Japanese. So omega tau was IMS and I'll see you in our next lesson. Madonna. 9. Age, Days of the Week, Months, Days: We now find Nihon Lacoste. Say orchestra. Hello and welcome to your eight lesson of the staff needs for beginning Scott auspices you teachers you again, and I'm so excited to learn even more new things with you today. So if you feel the need to review what we have learned in our previous lesson, please go back and review it. But today, let's start learning new things right away. So today we will learn how to ask for someone's age. How old are you, right? So let's take a look at the first question. Nine psi the scar, numSides, the SKA, none. What? Psi years for age four years old when we're talking about someone's age. And this means is RM and conquest and markers. So none psi the SCA, none psi this gap is a very common question to ask for someone's age. Now, what I didn't know when I went and started living in Japan is that there's one more way to ask for someone's age. And usually when someone asked me for my age, they asked in the second way. And the second way sounds like this. Or we could say this gap. This gap. It also means how old are you is just another way to ask it. So keep this in mind as well, okay? Non-scientists. And we could see this cow. Very good. Now, let's learn how to say yes for age from one to ten, okay? Because it will not always be like Ichi Ni sun, there will be some exceptions. So let's get started. A psi. A psi is psi one years old. Niece psi, nice psi n0 psi, two years old. Some sigh, SON, sigh, SON psi three years old. Yawns, Zai, Bian Sai, yawn psi, four years old, goes psi, goes psi, cos psi, 5-years old, rock psi, psi, maracas psi, six years old, nana, nana, nana, Cy, seven years old. And our second exception is, has psi. Has psi, has psi eight years old? Choose psi Q psi q psi nine years old, n for ten years old. There are two ways to say. The first one is just psi, just say, just psi. And the second way is d psi, d psi d set. Pay attention here that here we have the small too that make the consonant coming up towards some double. And the same goes for has psi and Sigh, Very good. Now for 11 years old it would be do is psi e psi. And afterwards we would just add a number to number ten and another exception is 20. So if you wanna see a 20-year zone, you would say hotbed, she had patchy, this had Betsy. Now if we're talking about 304050, we just add 345, whatever in front of number ten. So it would look like this Sunday. So 30 years old would be Sun juice psi sine psi, 40 years old would be yonder psi psi. So for ten and years old, young Jews psi. Now I'll ask you a question. Not inside the scar. None psi the SCA, non sai the SGA. How old are you? And you can reply in two ways. The first way is what I sera sai this. So let's say I will want to Sam 25. What needs to go psi this, What does she need? You go sideways or you can just reply like this, needs to go psi, this needs to go inside this. So now can you try to answer this question by yourself? I will give you five seconds stance in this question. Nancy, dysphagia. How did it go? Or is it all good? Okay, now we can move forward and now we will learn months in Japanese. Let's start up from January, February. Nuggets. Nuggets, nuggets. March. Sang that song, that's sung guts. April, see guts. She gets, she gots may. Gaga. Gaga. Goal guts. So Month in Japanese is called guts. Guts are very good. And as you can see, we have an exception with April. So as you can see, we have an exception with April. It's not young, gutsy. It's not Yoga. It she gets she gets a very good so we have it. She got needed sung guts. She gets Gaga. Now let's take a look at over six months from June. Roku guts. Roku guts. July, August, Hetch, Hetchy, gutsy, September, cougar, cool guts. And look at October dooga. Dooga. Dooga. So from all of those six months we have exceptions with July where it's not Nana, but it's surrogates. And with September where it's not q but it's got some very good. So we have Rocco gets triggered hatching that Colgate's Jew guts. Very good. Let's take a look at the last few months. So November will be G, j and the assembler will be Jeannie. Jeannie gets very good. Now let's learn days of the month from the Thursday, the tenth day. So we do not say like it. She, Nietzsche, Nietzsche signed nietzsche because that wouldn't make sense. Days of the month in Japanese have specific names for them from the first day to the tenth day k. So let's start with the first day that she say E type T. The second day would be foot TSCA. Foot TSCA for the third day will be Mick. Mick. Mick with a small tool right here. So that's why the continent coming after becomes double Mika. And the same goes for the fourth day where it's yoga. Yoga. Yoga, we have smart. So again, And the fifth day would be it's it's, it's, it's the sixth day would be maker. May. The seventh day would be Nonaka. Nonaka. Now NACA, the eighth day would be your your, your ninth day would be cocoa NACA. Cocoa. Cocoa NACA. And the tenth day would be tall. Do very good. Signer where there might be difficult to memorize all of the names of these ten days. So what you can do, you can make a short rhyme to memorize it easier, or you can try to save him very, very fast. Alright, so what I did, I made like short-term time to memorize them faster. And I want to share it with you. Maybe it will help you out as well. So it'd be like this. Sorry. Scott Mikhail. It's Nonaka yoga, COCOMO CARTO. Ok. And then he tried to do it as fast as you can so that she can weaken Nonaka, yoga, coconut Kotok. Well, I hope it will help you out. And if not, maybe you will find your own way to memorize these days of the month. And now let's take a look at other days of the month. So when we move from ten, we move to 11th. And from 11th it will be easier because we don't need to memorize special names. It will be just normal numbers, 111213, et cetera. And then we will need to add Nietzsche. Nietzsche. So Nietzsche is the Japanese word for Day. So we will say 11, itchy and then Nietzsche day, and then it will be 11th day and et cetera. So let's take a look. So 11th day would be June 12th day would be Jeannie Nietzsche. Nietzsche. 13th day would be Jason Nietzsche. Nietzsche. 14th Day would be your GPA. Your service, your kg comes from the last ten days that we learned before. Okay, do your 15th day would be going Nietzsche. Nietzsche, 16th day would be Nietzsche. Nietzsche. 17th today would be Jewish Trinity, juice Chineasy. 18th. 19th day would be gioco, Nietzsche, Nietzsche. And the 20th day would be huts, huts, car. Hertz had Scott. So only for the 20th day would we use huts TSCA, where we will be talking about 2122, then we would use Neo4j again. So now how do we ask when is your birthday? So first we need to know the word for birthday. The Word and the Word birthday in Japanese is time, job B, tan job B. And if we want to ask, when is your birthday, we would ask Tango BY it's SCA or Punjabi you discard. We add or, and I marked it in red because it's like a 100 horrific that it makes ten job in Vicksburg. They sound more polite because we're talking about someone else's birthday. Very good. So before we learn how to talk about our own birthday, we need to learn a very important particle, particle nano particle noise, a possessive particle. It's pronounced as not know, and it shows that something belongs to someone. Okay, so let's take a look at the first example. We have. What does she know? What does she know? So we already know that. What does she means, I or me? If we add not too touchy, it becomes my or mine. And we take a look at the second example we have are not, are not, are not dying. Japanese means you. And if we want to see your, yours, we would say are not dunno. Anatta, no. Then let's take a look at this one. We have what does what does she know? So what does she touching? Japanese means us. And if we see what it would mean R. And the last one, if we want to save that. Rio's, We have a girl named Reo. We would say it like this. Some not carbon k. So it will be Rio's bag, vidoes bag. So don't forget to add son to someone's name to make it sound polite. D or some node. Now, the way we would reply to the question or time job, it's a desktop. When is your birthday is the way it is written here in this sentence. What does she know? Punjabi, you got this. So this is the number of the month and then this is the day. So you can make a long answer like this. For example, I can say that my birthday is on the first of December. I would reply like this. What does she not time job you gots it. So this touchy this December first. So you touch or I can skip this part. What does she not enjoy? Bua and just say the month and the day. So here I would say, Jenny guts, it's a touchy this. And that makes my answer way shorter. Okay, now let's practice. I would like you to tell me when is your birthday. So I will ask you when is your birthday and I will give you five seconds to reply. Okay, let's go. Panjabi. Scap. How did it go as a good? Alright, then let's move forward. Here we have an example. So you see that t This first of December. All right. And now I would like us to check here. It she got foot's goddess. She gets a foot. Scott is which month in which they wouldn't be. I will give you five seconds to think of the answer came foot SCADA. So it's second of January. Very good. Aedes nega, this third of February. Very good. Sang that Nonaka des sang That's a Nonaka DES. Seventh of March. Your qadis. Joe qadis of April. Very good. Or an X1 will go. Got to go got so COCOMO qadis, nine May 11th of July. Hace touchy this third sub August. Very good. Sanding. E. T this son, June 30th of September, 20th of October. Very good. J. C. Got to this. It's you got to this. November. Perfect. And now let's learn days of the week from Monday descending. So let's take a look. The part that will always repeat itself will be your, be your BOB. Sonia means weak. B means day. So day of the week, okay? And the only thing that will change will be the beginning of the word. Okay? So let's start from when they get CEO B gets a, yogi, gets a job, be Tuesday. Aob. Aob. Be Wednesday. Ceo. Be CEO. So your first day, mako, your B. B. B Friday. Can your B can your B, can Naomi. Saturday, Dojo be Dojo be Dojo. Sending need TO B. B. B. Very good. So we have get's AOB, AOB CEO B, B, B, B and C or B. Very good. And now I want you to try to remember these days, okay, I will give you ten seconds. How did it go? Let's take a look. The g, Remember them correctly. Gets a, a b, b, c, b, b, a b, b. Very good. Now, how would we ask which day of the week is it? Let's take a look at the sentence and its structure. Joe, none Jacobi, this cap. Q0, none your b, this guy. So today means is Q. So today is why is the topic particle kilowatt S4 to date? None means what your be day of the week. This means is and Kaiser question indicator. So what day of the week is it today? It would sound like this. Joe, Scott. And we would reply in this way, Joe up something, your B, this, Joe something EOB this, or without cure while we can just say something, your B this get. So how could we say it's Monday? I will give you five seconds and then we will check our answer. Joe Scott gets AOB, this gets to be this monday. Tuesday. Aob, this AOB, this. Very good. Now let's move on to Wednesday night, sky. C0 V this COV, this. Now first day. Nine, yo Scott. B, this will be this. Now Friday night, sky. Vds. Vds, Vds, Vds, Vds day Sunday kilowatt nine, your v. V, this v, this great job. Now let's practice. I will ask, how old are you? None psi the SCAP. And you will see a number on the screen and I will give you five seconds to try to tell me the answer in Japanese. Ok. Now inside this gap, this gap, this, this 20 years old, very good. Numsides, the SCA non-scientists guy has psi this psi this 18. Now inside this gap, inside this car. This is psi, this 21 numSides, the scar non-scientists gap. Go side, this side, this 85. None inside this car needs to go psi, this needs to go psi, this 25 numSides, the scab inside the scarf. Society's yonder oxide is 469 psi. The Scott, Scott. Go to go psi this psi, this 55. Kinda someone SEO quite so hard and you have learned a lot of new vocabulary today, have learned months, days of the week, and days of the month, and you learn how to tell your age. I'm very proud of you. Omitted. Congratulations, and I'll see you in our next lesson. 10. Colors, Animals, Objects: Mina fan, Nihon Lacoste, say archosaur, Hello and welcome to another class with estab needs for beginning scores. It CT jazzy again. And I'm so excited about today because we will learn a lot of new vocabulary. But before that, I would like us to practice what we have learned in a previous lesson. So let's have a short review, or as we call it in Japanese, Fukushima. So I will repeat every word twice. Are you ready? Let's go. It gets a new G2 sound. Gots a, sang guts. She gets a C, you go guts. Go guts. Roku guts. She had she could guts. G. G, C, T, C, T foot sky. Sky. Meet me. Yo Yo. It's it's my, my Nonaka. Nonaka, yo yo daka. Daka. Daka, daka, daka. Time. Joby. Panjabi gets a, o B, gets a o B, B B B B B, B, B, B, B, B and C. Very good. Now, today we will learn how to call different colors in Japanese, how to name animals. We will learn names of a lot of objects and things. And we will learn how to ask the question, who's now without further ado, I already, let's do this. So we will start from things or objects. Mamma, Mamma, Mamma, car, Karima. Book, Han, Han, Han, pen, pen. And Penn chair is, is, is table, bag, ban, ban, Kanban, ball board, board. Now how do we call colors or color in Japanese? It's 0. So how do we ask What color is it in Japanese? We would say it like this. Nanny. Nanny. Nanny means what in Japanese means color? This means is and chi is a question particle. So what color is it? Let's start from Lu Hao. Or so. We have e in brackets because it can also be used as an adjective. Adjective. Okay? And I want to tell you one thing that Japanese people sometimes use this color to describe what is color green for us, for example, the green light of a traffic light or the greenness of the grass. So this might be a little bit confusing, so it's green and blue at same time. Ok? Red or yellow key, key or black could, or y, c. C, or the real green would be me, DOD, shoddy. Oily, brown would be say rho, j, say purple, pink, pink, pink, gray. Or, and, or it in Z p. Now let's practice. Let's do it into, into, in Japanese. So take a look at all of these colors and try to remember how would we call them in Japanese. Ok. I will give you ten seconds to remember all the names of these colors. If you need more time, feel free to pause or listen here. But I think it's a very, very good way to try to memorize colors, okay. Okay, so let's check. Or me being here, it should be rho and z. So I wanted to remind you one more time that the colors ending in i, they can be treated as adjectives, as adjectives. Okay. Now let's do a little practice. I have some things written here in English and I would like you to think, how could you say it in Japanese? Ok. I will give you five seconds to think about it and then we will check our answer. Kay? So red car, chi chi. Very good. Yellow pen, pen, pen. Black book. Could Han. Han, why the ball? Bordeaux, red wine, This will be an exception, but I want you to just try to guess how could we say it in Japanese? A cow wine, cow line. So this is a set. So with wine word wine, red color will always be aka, aka, not Akai. Another exception, black cat could on nickel Quranic. So it's not could only neck opiates could run neck. And now let's read some example sentences. Cuz so our, this, our, this cosine Japanese means grass. So as for grass is green. Tick here, how we use not me DOD, we use our color blue, green and we don't use it fully. We didn't use oh, we just say our our this. Our next sentence is our single shin go. Shingo is traffic light in Japanese. So green traffic light would be our shingle. Again, we would use color our and we wouldn't see our way. We would say. And now let's learn about animals or those boots. No, but the cat, dog in in in bird, toy, elephant, Zues, Zues, Zues, lion, SCC, SCC. So you can choose which one you want to use. Their coma. Coma, bear, comma, comma, horse. Umami. Umami, umami, tiger, Tora, Tora, Tora, turtle, comment, comment. Pig. Would, would, Kao, Shi, Shi Shi. And now let's learn how to ask the question hose. So who in Japanese is daddy? Daddy. Daddy is a possessive particle. It means that something belongs to someone. So if we add law to data, you'd becomes directional H2S. And if we want to ask, Who's something, is it we need to say, Dan law, something, this guy died and all this gap. So let's try to make questions with the nouns, but we already know and we have learned in this lesson, okay? How could we ask, who's cat? Is it? I'll give you five seconds to think about it. That in law, Nicole. Whose car is it? Daddy. Daddy unlocked this guy. Whose dog is it? That in that in the inner disk? Whose turtle is it? That NO comment this car that NO Commodus. Whose chair is a diagonal. This guy is, so this car. Whose bag is it? Died and low carbon, this carbon, this guy. Whose book is it? On? This guy? This guy who's pen is a pen. This guy that NO pain. This guy who's tiger, is it that in very good, very, very good job with these exercises? And let's review right now what we have learned in this lesson, all of our vocabulary OK. mano Han Han pen. Hen is carbon. Kanban, board. Chi, chi or Kitoi. Or could I mean DOD? J, it'll say it'll set key. Jackie Pinker being ordained z,, go, neck in Xo, Xo, CC or array on coma. Buh buh buh buh buh see organism on this, you have really worked so hard in this lesson. You will learn a lot of vocabulary. So please take your time to review it by self and to take your time to process at o. Okay, omega dot was Islands. Congratulations, and I'll see you in our next lesson. Multimap. 11. Particles: I mean, I find Nihon Lakoff, say orchestra. Hello and welcome to your ten class of his Japanese for Beginners course. This is your teacher Rosie again, and I'm so proud of you. Today we will start a very important lesson. But before that, if you feel the need to view what we have learned in a previous lesson, feel free to go back and review it. And now let's start a new topic. So today we will learn about Japanese particles or as we call them in Japanese, Joshi, Joshi. Joshi. On screen you can see so many particles. So what you can see, Wow, God, a knee or no more. Tall? Yeah. Yeah. Oh, wow. So many Ray and I know that some of them you'll already know we have seen some abnormal already like particle Wow. So it will not be as difficult for you. Let's get started. So now, first of all, why do we need particles in general? Well, I know while some languages don't have particles in Japanese, language, particles play an essential role. So particles help us tend to stand. Sentences way better. Let's take a look. So here we have the ward, Tokyo, tokyo, Tokyo. Yeah, and then we have verb Panera, Tibet to eat. It. Could, it could go and iterate to be, to exist for living things. Now, to make sense of the first word coming together with the second word, we need the correct particle. Let's take a look at how that would look like. Tokyo. Tokyo, the purveyor. So we have Tibet to eat and Tokyo. If we write particle, then it means that we are already in Tokyo and we are eating there. So where are we eating? We're eating in Tokyo. If we write particle knee or a in-between TO cure and it would mean that I am moving towards Tokyo. I am going to Tokyo k. So there wouldn't be motion. And if I would write particle 10x Again, it would mean that I am already there and I'm just located there. Now let's start off with our first particle and then suffer article that you have already seen its Fido, Wow, wow. So this is a topic marking particle. It is pronounced as watt one, but we write it as Hiragana, ha, ha. So when we use it as a particle, we pronounce it as, ah, when we use it as a non particle, we pronounce it as HA, and it can be translated as, as four. Ok? So if it comes after a word, after a noun, we will know that that noun is the topic of our sentence. Let's take a look at how that would look like. What by Su GSC say this what the Coie GSC say this. What does she I or me, What does she asks for me? Gsc say student, we write GSC crusade, but we say guck, say this is r. So as for me, I am a student. I am a student. That's how we would translate a sentence. Okay, so we know that the topic of our sentence is what Tashi, I or me. Second example, CO, CO will be this. Yo see OB this cure today. Joe, as for today, CEO be Wednesday is, so Today is Wednesday. So we know the topic of our conversation is cure. Today. Sushi NWA dot codeskulptor, sushi NWA Odessa session, a place we come from where you were born, your hometown. So she's seen why S4, your hometown? Dot-com. Where is it that this cup. So where's your hometown? Where do you come from? Rocio, suddenly this Rocio summary, this row, Xia, Russia. So as for Russia, some really cold is. So it's called in Russia or Rush age score. So we know that the topic of our conversation is Russia. At C this bit Donna at, say this bay Donna is Vietnam at x2 is hot. So as for Vietnam, it's hot. Okay, so the topic of our conversation is Vietnam particle neat Ni, Ni. So this particle has a lot of purposes and a lot of ways to use it. So it's very, very important. So the first way to use it is using it as a direction particle. The second way to use it is as location particle. The third, which is it is as time particle. So when we're talking about 10x as direction particle, we use it with movement verbs like to go to comeback. Ok? So it means that we are moving towards somewhere. We're going somewhere, but we are not there yet. So we're moving towards that direction. I can say I'm going to Tokyo, I'm going to Kyoto K. If we use it as a location particle, it means when we are already there and then we use it with statement, verb statement of verbs like the ones you see written in yellow, era. Soma into an arrow. It means that to be for a living and nonliving things, either for living things out of for non-living things. So it means that we are located there, we are there already. Or the last verb, sumo, to live somewhere. So when we used as location particle and means when we are located there. One when talking about knee as a time part. Sunday mass is a long form like present continuous tense for the verb to live. Soma. So where do I live? I live in Tokyo. So when we use it again as location particle, we are located there. We lived there. Their burden, no tiny cameo guy, UMass, Deborah, not stymie, Tammy guy mass. Table, table stuff under so under the table, comic Iyy mass, there is a turtle under the table. So it's also as a location particle when we're talking about time. At. So we have, could Ginny off-key mass, could Jeannie Aki mass occupies, will wake up, will get up. So I will get up at nine o'clock. So at what time? At nine o'clock. So after telling the hour, I always need particle neat. Neat. If I'm talking about on, for example, on Friday, king your beanie Iyy mass. Can your beanie Iyy mass, can your be Friday? I0 must will meet. So we will meet on Friday after Friday or any day of the week. Again, I always need particle neat me. Very good. Political No. No, not. So this is a modifying particle. It is pronounced as not any indicates possession that something belongs to someone. Okay. Let's take a look so we can translate it as off. Okay. Let's take a look. If I wanted to say Rosie's, I would say rho d, rho d naught by k. So I say the name. And then I can also add son to make it more politely at Audi Sono. If I wanted to say my or mine, I need to say the word i, what i, xi, what touchy and then add particle not know. So my would be what does what does she not? If I wanted to say It's my bag, I would say, what does she know carbon this what does she know carbon this. Carbon means bag. What does she know this? Cordova what THE nowadays, this is mine. So Cordova, this What does she not Mine is so this is mine. It can also work as an attribute marker. So for example, if I want to say, oh, I am a Japanese teacher, I would say Ni Hong guano sensei, Nihon go nose senses a new home or means Japanese language. My home got sensei teacher. So teacher off Japanese language, 10x Hongo no sensei. Ni homo could ski this Nihon Nakuru Maga, ski this Nihon, Japan, clued in my car. So car on Japan. So Japanese cars, ski days, I like so I like Japanese cars. Domo deci No, no. My saccharide, this domain that she know now Mayawati saccharide days, Tamagotchi, friend. Now my name so friend's name is Suck it up. Friend's name is Saqqara. Particle a. So this is a direction particle. It is pronounced as n, but we write it as Hiragana. Hey, hey, it indicates direction towards where we are heading. It's used with motion verbs like Coursera. Example sentence, Joe toy, schemas, Giotto schemas. Kyoto, Kyoto city, right? It key mass will go. So I will go to Kyoto. In this sentence. Also use particle knee because both of them are particles for movement. Yes. So here we could use a 4X, 10X. Both would be fine. Nihon a yoga saw, Nihon a Jocasta. He Alcazar, Welcome to Japan. In this sentence, the only particle that could be used here is a. You couldn't use any of a particle here. It would be a mistake. So we couldn't use particle knee here. Mass, it see, Coyote mass, itchy home, KID mass will return K, So I will return home. Here. You could also use particle need. Both would be okay in this situation. Piratical debt. They, they, this is a location particle. It's pronounced as you have already heard. It marks where an action is taking place. And it can also identify means. I will explain to you more, what do I mean by means? But let's start off talking about debt as a location. Particle. Coffee the coffee, the coffee there. In the coffee shop or at the coffee shop? Yes. Cafe or coffee shop. Or he coffee. Naomi mass will drink. So I will drink coffee. Where will I drink it? I will drink it at the coffee shop. So they're particle explains, where am I performing the action. So if I'm reading a book, where am I reading it? If I'm drinking coffee, Where am I drinking it? Where am I located? Okay. And it means that I am already there. So with there, we know that you are a 100% already there. Whitney or air. We are only moving towards that direction, okay. To show candy phone or your minimas. Ashoka and the Han oil minimas. Toy show can library, Haan book, Yomi mass read? So I will read a book. Where will they read the book? At the library? Bow shock on the 1B Ni De Ai security more C90 matches coin beanie there. I security more C90 mass can be neither at the convenience store, convenient, convenient store. I secretly ice cream, C90 mass will buy. So where will I buy the ice cream? I will buy it at the convenience store. Around on the IE, my show Ramadan, the emulsion. You must show means let's meet wrong Don London. So where shall we meet? We shall meet in London. Very good. And I have already mentioned that it can also work as a means particle. So let's take a look. Bus. So the schemas bus, the key mass buzzer means bus. It C0 must will go. So how will I go? I will go by bus, by bus. So that's what I mean by saying it's amines particle. It will explain how will I get somewhere. Then said The key mass, g ten share the schemas. Detention is a bicycle. So how will I go? I will go by bicycle. New Hong border. There could I say Nihon war that they could ISI, it tickled assignments, please say it. And if you say Ni Hong border in Japanese, Ni Hongo, the ticket ISI lingo nine for the Remus Ringo knife today, kidney mass, Ringo Apple knife, knife. Qed mass will cut. So how will I cut the apple? I will cut it by using knife. Naive for the knife. It explains my means. Biomedical or, or Or this is a grammatical object marker. It marks are grammatical object, although we write it as war, we pronounce it as o, or. It usually comes after the object of an action. So here is our structure. Noun plus particle, O plus verb. Let's take a look. Take Amiel Cauchy mass De Gan Mu Cauchy mass. Schema's will write, what will I write? I will write a letter taken me, take gummy. So in-between the noun and the verb, we need to know what will we do with the object kay or Chao, Naomi matches or Celan AMI Mazu or check t, Naomi mass will drink. So what will I do with the T? I will drink it. So I also need particle or, or in between. Me MAS, a gummy MAS, movie we'll watch. So what will I do with the movie? I will watch it again. I need piratical or, or so I would know what action do I take on the object. O1, GSC, go schemas, omega Kovach, schemas, UNGA kmeans music schema's will listen. What will I do with the music? I will listen to it. Very good. Cco security mass, CCO security. Emma's sushi will make what will I do with the sushi? Will I eat it? Will I buy it? No, I will make it. Again. I need particle or hear. It. Marks are grammatical object. Piratical, more, more, more. More means also, or too as well. It is pronounced as more, and usually it comes after a noun. So now, let's take a look. What does CMO America agin this. What does CMO America agin this? What does she more I also or meat to America Jin American m. So it would be I am also American. I'm also American. What does CMO icky tie this? What I CMO occupy this. I also meet you. It keep tie this one to go. So I also want to go. And here this is a special form of the verb that you will learn later on when you want to do something, like to do some action. There may be more C90, my staff my staff TV also bought. So I also bought a TV. Piratical, top, top, top. This is a connecting particle. It's pronounced S dot n, it means, and in English, it comes after each noun except the last one. So keep that in mind. Okay. Let's take a look. I Security Madonna key, Gaudi GAS key, this icecream that though Kikee Gaudi GAS 60S days. I scream and shaved ice, I like so I like ice cream and shaved ice. Service tall would mean end. In this situation. Cohesive teaser K, Quito or CIO, could ISI, core, ITO, Quito or choke psi. So coffee, cheesecake and t please. And if you can see here, after Archer, We don't have anymore after the last noun, we do not write rho one p, so don t set. So K0, my staff 1B is at o t sets. Okay, my stamp, I bought a dress and a T-Shirt. Okay. Talk can also mean together or with someone that you're doing something with someone. So let's take a look here TO more that cheeto ego me, my sta, egg army Master. I watched a movie, but I say Tomonaga TO with a friend. So friend with, so with a friend, I watched the movie. Particle God, God, God. This is a subject particle. It is pronounced as God, and it also can indicate existence. Let's take a look. When I'm talking about existence, it means that it comes with two verbs, IID, mass or emus or. So, Iran and Iraq are short forms of ID must any mass. And these two verbs mean to exist, to be for living and nonliving things, for non-living things. Id mass for living things. Iyy mass. If we want to say that someone or something exists, we need to say name of something then got ID mass, name of something, got a mass. Let's take a look. Immortal guy, Emma's immortal guy mass, immortal is youngest system. If, say immortal guy Emma's directly, it would mean, okay, youngest sister exists. But when we use e MAS, sometimes it means to exist, but sometimes it means to have. So in this sense, this would mean I have a younger sister. Okay, immortal guy, IYY mass, inner guy in mass, in a guy bus. I have a dog, Tamagotchi guy, MAS, DOM, 0.8c guy images. I have a friend. Gingko guiding WAS gingko guiding months various a bank. Though show Kung ID matches TO show Kang guy IYY mass. There is a library sacar now Gao Wo Shi This second and Gao Wo Shi This. So with how she does her, she, this means I want something. This is a bit childish saying because it's very direct and Japanese people wouldn't say that directly. But if you want to say, I want something. In the sense that you want a thing. So like a noun, you don't want to do an action. What you want, for example, you want sushi, you want a bag, you want fish. Then you can say sack, Canon got Hoshi this. So always with this structure he or she does, I want something you would say noun, GA Hoshi this. So you will always need particle got Joe coordinate or Gua Wo Shi This to accommodate Ogata, who she this, I want chocolate. Okay, and another purpose, why do we use got is for making emphasis. Now let's take a look at these two short sentences. What does Coie, rho g, this rho g, this in English, this would mean I am Rosie. And the second sentence, what I see got rho g, this will at best Sega rho g. This would also mean I am Rosie. So in English there is no difference between these two sentences. However, in Japanese versus slide difference, if you say What does she, you out or z this, you're not putting emphasis on anything. You're just saying, Oh, I'm Rosie. But if you say, what does Sega Rajit days, you're putting emphasis on yourself. So it means that, okay, maybe them and the people around you by you want to put emphasis at 9am rosie, you know, maybe someone's asking who is Rosie and you wouldn't say I am Rosie and put emphasis on yourself, then you would say, what I see, rho g this. So with what? All the most important information comes after Y, o G, This forgot, the most important information comes before God. What touchy, what patchy. For example, Tom or that she got schemas. Don't want that Ci Gei Qi mass who's coming? My friends coming. I could say Tom 1.2x schemas. If I'm putting emphasis, don't want that she got lemmas and putting emphasis on My friend. And it can also be used in special cases. For example, knee home ball got Kadima sin ny homo got what? Kadima San Nu Hongo Japanese. While Kadima San. I don't understand. So with i don't understand. When you say I don't understand something, you would use particle got something guy, walk hiding my San, neon Moldova Karima San, I don't understand Japanese. Or the home mortgages key this Nihon logos, ski This, I like Japanese. So with SKY this, which means I like with days, we will always use something GSK e this. So I'd like something very good. And Guy can also mean but, but we will learn about this a bit later and it's a bit more complicated grammar, but I just want to show you how it would look like in a sentence. Dora and the habit die this gap or kinda guy this or noise SUDAAN on debt. Beta or kinda nice. This thought on means in this rest of this restaurant with debt means in this restaurant tablet I, this, I want to eat, I want to eat, so I want to eat in this restaurant but or G9, this, I don't have any money or condominiums. Money. Very good. Biomedical. Yo, Yo yo. This is used at the end of the sentences. It's pronounced as yacht and use it when you're telling someone something that they weren't aware of. So you're placing emphasis on the information. You can also use it for rhetorical questions or statements, but I think it will make a little bit more sensitive. We take a look at the examples. I studies your eye, studies your estimates tomorrow. This is by if I add your I'm putting emphasis like it's tomorrow. It's tomorrow. So maybe someone, you blend something with someone and they're asking you when it's tomorrow, like I steadies your eye studies. Yeah. So you're putting emphasis like, oh, it's too are already, you know. So this your this, your, this would mean yes, it's like that. Yeah. Bang Jewish star. E, this your bank, your bank, USTA Ogilvy. This means, Oh, we should study more, but in a very direct way. So to make it softer, someone would add yo, it's like, Oh, Thank you should study more. It time means it hurts. But if you want to put emphasis added hard-sphere like it die. Particle net. Net. Just as your, It's also put at the end of the sentence. It's pronounced as nan, and it's like an attention getting sound. It can also be rhetorical. Can be like, right? Don't you think it's like looking for agreement? Let's take a look at this one would be quite informal and it would be like, you know, what, you know what he did, is he this man? This one is like, oh, it's good. It's good, isn't it? Like good for you? Tie handy Steinian, Diane, this tinea, so hard, so difficult for you. Re saw this solidus Nair. Yeah, it's like Dad it's like agreeing with someone. Colony nan, guys. So Q particle, Yap. Yeah. So this one is for listing nouns as examples. It means end and it is pronounced as Yap. So let's take a look at these examples. Europe by the daka, daka, daka, daka, Europe, but in Europe, dot-com, where it came Ashoka. Where did you go in Europe? And there are two ways to answer this question. He diarrhoea, pain Ni Qi misstep Italia TO paying Neechi mashed up. I went to Italy and Spain. This is the first way tensor it the second way tensor it. Is it diarrhoea, pain Iike Meister, Italia, Ni De my staff survey Neechi Meister and an English. It would also mean I went to Italy in Spain. Not difference again, but in Japanese there is a slight difference if you see Italia toe. So paying Iike Meister, it means that in Europe you only went to Italy and Spain. That's it. You name them all. If you saying Italia, Yap, pay Neechi, my stab at means when you went to many countries, you visited many countries, but you only named these two. You see the difference? One more example. Psi, a handbag guys ski this piece, AIA handbag guy ski This. I like pizza and hamburgers, right? I like pizza and hamburgers. Both of them are the same. But if with yap until in English. But if you're saying with yeah, it means that you like more types of food, but you only named pizzas and hamburgers. If you sing tall, it means that you only like pizza and hamburgers. That's the slight difference. Now let's practice what particles do you think we should reign in here? I will give you five seconds to think about it after I read the sentence for you. Okay. Con beanie. Coca-cola. Oh, C90 musta convenience convenience store, Coca Cola, Coca-Cola, C90 mashed up. I bought Coca Cola. So where did I buy Coca-Cola? What particle would I use? Convenience. Coca Cola. Okay. My sta Very good. Where did I buy Coca-Cola? At the convenience store. What does C diarrhea gene, this dicey Italia gene, this I, Italian M. What particle would I use here? What I see you Italia gene this very good. As for me, I am Italian. Sushi. Sushi eight. What particle with 0s here? Particle or CCO, tabby, my step. Ski this egg ascii, this movies I like. So what particle do we always use with skied is in God's D, This a guy gas ski, this very good. Could g, chemostat, Coogee or key milestone? Nine o'clock. I got up. So what particle do we always use with time? Good, Zi Ni De my stack. Kinsey Ni Er Qie Meister. I woke up at nine o'clock. Very good. Tom, 0.8c, beanie chemostat, Tamagotchi, Spain, Neechi misstep. I went with my friends. So what particle do I use when I want to say with Tom on that cheeto? Very good. Rashida summary, this row CIA summary, this Russia is called what particle days here. Rashi summary this similarly this S for Russia, it's called Very good. Q0 will be this. Q o more POV days today, Thursday is what particle with a is here. Joe Redis expert today is Thursday. Very good. Year being Joker Artemis. You being Kyoko. Artemis post-office is. So what particle do we always use with Artemis with existence? Yielding glucagon, Artemis yielding joke UGA, adenomas, very good. Chi De Shi. Chi De Shi EMS boyfriend exists or I have a boyfriend. What particle do we always use with existence images? Kdc guy images, Chi De Shi Gei E1, say good. Nihon yoga. So Nihon Yochai's Welcome to Japan. What particle can you use here? Nihon a Jocasta. Nihon a Alcazar. Welcome to Japan. Very good. Han Yomi MAS. Han Yomi MAS book will read. So what will I do with the book? Han oil, yummy mass? I will read it. Very good. Tokyo, Kyoto Neechi, my stamp, Tokyo, Kyoto sneaky my stamp. Tokyo, Kyoto. I went talk yeoja, Kyoto sneaky my stamp. I went to Tokyo and Kyoto. You could also use particle knee here. It wouldn't be a mistake. At Sagar reservoir. You have where it's so hard and you have finished one of the most important lessons of this course. And this is a really important part of Japanese learning journey because particles are so important. So omega togas, Iran's congratulations and I'll see you in our next lesson. Matinee. 12. Verbs: We now find the Holocaust a aka Hello and welcome to another class with this Japanese for Beginners cost it's UTSC again, and let's start learning new things. So today we will learn about verbs or in Japanese. Though she, though she, though she Very good. So today we will learn Japanese verb conjugation. So the first thing you need to know about the japanese verbs is that there are three types of verbs. The first type is rule verbs, rule verbs. Second type is over 2w verbs, and the third type is irregular verbs. Irregular verbs. Very good. So how can we know if a verb is a verb or an Uber? So first let's take a look at ru verbs. So ru verbs, as we can see from the group name, they end in a row, a row. So let's look at some examples. The first one is beta. Better to eat. So it ends in row, row, row. The second one is mu two, made it to see, to look, to watch. It also ends in row r2, r2. And the third one is narrow, narrow, narrow to sleep, to go to bed, also ends in the row. So it's very easy, okay? But for all verbs, they usually end in all. But sometimes they end in a row. And that's where things get tricky. Because if the verb ends in o, like cow or cuckoo, or Nano, it's quite easy to know that it's an over. But if it ends in row, like Nauru, Cura, we need to know already if it's a river or an overt the conjugated correctly. So the only way is to memorize. Alright? But first let's take a look at oh, verbs end in. So the first one is to drink known, known, known. So it ends in MOOC, MOOC. But after M we have o MOOC. Move a syllable, yes. Very good. Second one is to buy cao. Cao. Cao, it ends in o x2. And the third one is Cuckoo. Cuckoo Kaku to write. It ends in cook, cook. Okay, very good. Now let's take a look at verbs that end in the room. So we have Nauru nor to get on a vehicle to return to come home. And so could so could it tomake to prepare food? Very good. So I already mentioned that the ru verbs and in rule, but also very often before the last rule, they have an i or e vowel sound before the room. Most of the time, not always, there will be exceptions, but let's take a look at these two. So we have mirror, mirror to look, to watch. And before the last rule, we have I, we have e, e, k, So we have a vowel. So then we can know, OK, this is where it has a vowel, e, e, bar there, there it takes it or to go out. We have EA at before. So we can also know it's a rover. So now let's take a look at over. So while ru verbs hat and i or e vowel sound before the root, overs usually have whoo, oh, so a U, O vowel sound before the ending syllable. Ok. Let's take a look. We have verb without to sing. So we have, we have a before the last sound. And for Jomo, Jomo to read before the last MOOC, we have all or we have oh, so that's how we can also distinguish if it's a rule or over. Now let's learn some ru verbs. To eat. Thai, bear, to watch, to look, Mirror, Mirror, mirror, to get up. To sleep. Narrow, narrow. Narrator. For all verbs, we have normal nom, nom to drink, to read, Jomo, yum. Yum. To talk to speak. How nasa, nasa. Nasa. To listen to ask, kick, kick, kick. To go, to return higher. Irregular verbs to do, sur, sur, sur, to come, could, could, could. Now let's learn the formal present tense conjugation for ru verbs. Okay? So let's take this verb. Care, care to where. Okay? So this is dictionary form. From this dictionary form cater, we need to take away a rule, rule. So we will have left only C0. So the left key will be our words stem, word stamp. Okay? Now to make present tense affirmative form to this word stem key, we need to add mus. Mus. I know, but we write must suit. But we say mus, mus. So when we add must to key, we have key must keep. Very good. And for the negative form two key, we add my San mus N and then we have. Key Mie San, San. Now another rule verb, era, era it or w0 to exist for living things. So from ero, we take away r2 and we have E left, E, E. So E is our stem. So to make affirmative, we add must. So we have E plus mus. You must, you must. Now to make negative, we add my sin mass n. So we have the Mohsen said, Very good. Now another word to eat. Tibet. Tibet. So from time 0 we take a withdrew, we had Tibet tab a left tab is our stem to Taba, we add mass and we have tabby Emma's tab a mass. Now to make negative, we add my Sen again. So we have tobramycin, Mohsen, mirror, made it to watch to look. So from mirror we take away r2 and we have M0. M0 is our stem. To make a formatter we add must meet plus mass. So we have me mus, mus. If we want negative, we add my son, my sense. So we have me my send me my San. Very good. Now let's take a look at overdubs. So for all verbs, it's a little bit different. Let's take a look. So we have Cao, Cao to buy. So from cow we need to take away woo, woo, and then we have car left. But two, we need to add the letter that comes before or in the Hiragana line. Do you remember? Our first here again, a line was at e, o. So before o we have e. E. So e will come here and our stem will be chi high. Now to make affirmative, we add mass, so we have k minus k0 mass. And to make negative, we add my center. So we have C90 Mohsen. C90 Mohsen. Very good. Now, this is our year are gonna chart. So to explain what I was explaining before, but in a bit more clear way, let's take a look here. So we have R here again, a line of o. So we have o suit, suit, no four, et cetera. All of them are in online. Now when we are conjugating verbs, we go one line back. So if we are here, will become E. If we are here at CU will become key. Soil becomes xi, so we'll become CI and et cetera. Ok. So always keep in mind this Hiragana chart where we will go one step back. Perfect. Our next word is it could, it could to go. So we have a qu, Qu Yan. So before cool, we have, let's think cat g, k. So we have key. So instead of eco, it becomes leaky. So to make a formatter, we add mass. So we have mass, mass and to make never negative, we add my Sen and it's icky Mohsen. Then you see we had cohere, we went back. Perfect. Our next verb is to drink normal. Normal, normal. Let's think about the Hiragana line, mock meat MOOC man. So before we have me, so from normal it becomes non-meat. Non-meat. So to non mi we add mass and its Naomi mus. Mommy must present affirmative, present negative, we add must then it will be non mi Mohsen. Naomi must send. Great. Kay, so we had MOOC, it became me. Now, irregular verbs to do, sudo, sir. So usually irregular verbs, Zoom comes with a noun. So if we have noun that say, sports supports, supports, to do sports would be supports a pseudo supports a setter. Okay. Let's take a look. So present affirmative form of suitable irregular verbs. Pseudo would be she must see mus and negative form would be she Mohsen, she must send. Now we have another irregular verb to come. Present affirmative would be key mus, mus and present negative would be key Mohsen, key mass n. Now let's practice. Let's try it a conjugate. These verbs. I will give you five seconds for each work to make it into mass and mass and form. Okay? If you feel like it's not enough time for you feel free to pause this lesson here, okay? Okay, let's get started. So let's conjugate Tibet. Oh, okay, so it's rule verb. So we need to take away rule and we have our stem tablet to Taba, we need to add must make it President affirmative. And it will be tagged a mass WMS to make it present negative, we add mass n. So we have tab Amos n type MSN. Very good. Example sentence will attach Iwata biomass, What? I will eat. Okay? So I translate the sentence as if I will eat. So it sounds like a future tense in English rate. Well, I will talk about this later on, but I want to mention it to you even right now, that the present tense in Japanese can both mean present and the future depending on the context. So if I don't have any clue that this action is happening right now, this might sound like a future action that I will eat. Very good. Our next verb is to look to watch, Mirror. Mirror. Lets try to conjugate it as well. Okay, so it's also ru verbs. So we take away the rule we have stemmed me and to me we need to add must make it present affirmative. So it's me mus, mus. And to make it present negative, we add mass n, So it will be me must send perfect example sentence, teddybear0 or minimas. Payday beyond me mass. I will watch TV. Oh, Q2. Q2. To wake up, to get up. Now let's think, Is it a modal verb or over which one is it? I'll give you five seconds. So it's also rhubarb. So we take our u and we have Aki hockey left as a stem to Aki again, we add mass. So we have President affirmative or schemas, or schemas and negative or key must send example sentence, none Jeannie TSCA, none Jeannie Aki Masada. Nine g means what? Our non genie at what hour do you get up? Do you wake up? So this could actually mean At what time will you get up? Narrow, narrow to sleep? Let's think, Is it, it'll verb or verb? And how will we conjugate it into mass and mass and forms. Give you five seconds again. Again, this was a reverb. So after taking away two, We have now left. Nevertheless, mus is nameless name AS president, affirmative present negative net plus MYCIN. Name must then it's the name of Scott. It's an MR. Scan. When will you sleep? When will you go to bed? Norm. Norm to drink? Is it a rover or over? How will we conjugate it? So this was actually over. So what do we do with UW verbs? In the Hiragana line of letter M, We need to go one step back. So let's think here we have mu, so we have Mommy, moon, mammal. So more before move we have me, me. So our stem is no me, know me. So normally plasmas is present, affirmative, Naomi, mass and non mi plus my sin is not me Mohsen, present negative. Example sentence b, rule no me mass. B row minimas. I will drink beer. Jomo. Jomo to read. So it was also all verbs. So this is mu, so we have the m line. Let's think about the Hiragana M line, my MIMO, MIMO. So before MOOC we have me, so more changes into me. So our word stem is yummy. Yummy sofa, President, affirmative. We add mass, so we have yummy, yummy mass. And for negative we add my sense. So we have Yomi must send Yomi Mohsen. Very good. Example sentence, Han o Yomi MAS. Oh yummy mass. I will read a book. Han. Han means of book. Hannah's. Hannah's to speak to talk. Now let's think Is it over Brewer and give you five seconds. Yes. So it was all verb harnesses. So so so this is S line. Let me think about here. I gotta S line we have, she says so, so before, so we have xi, xi. So Hamas soil is changed into a Hanna. She had mushy. Now she will be word stem. So Hannah's xi plus minus is present. Affirmative. Hanna, she must have mass. And when we add my San, San, San, very good. Example sentence, Nihon law, they're harnessing mass. Nihon loaded machine mass. I will speak in Japanese. Nihon wall is Japanese. Nihon got 10x Hongo. Our next verb is kick. Kick. To listen. Give you five seconds again. Over. So keep, keep codices, K lines, so cocky, cook echo. So cool, change into key, key, key, key. So Kiki is our word stem. So C0, C0 plus minus, we have Kiki mass, Tiki mass present affirmative Kiki plus my sand. We will have Kiki, my San, Kiki, my sand present negative. Example sentence on GSC go schemas, on got Coke schemas. I will listen to music on got Quiz music. Our next verb is to go. Now let's think about this one again. This is also over. So it could Kay, line Cauchy cookie echo. We have key before cuz so our stem will change into C0, C0, so it key, key. So we have a mass and a very good example sentence. She got Tony schemas. C got Dani key mass, I will go to work. She goto. Goto means work or job. To return. Let's think about this one. Also over. So ru, ru will change in 2D because it's not a reverb, it's over. So our stem will be Katy Perry. So coyote plus mass will be piety must, must present affirmative, present negative will be clearly my San, San example sentence. It's society must scar. It's psychiatry, Moscow. When will you return? When will you come back? It's, it's means when. Sutra, soda to do. Now let's think what type of bird is this? Yes, this is our irregular verb to do so, she must affirmative, negative Shema sand. We can only memorize this one. There are no rules for it. Example, sentence, mine Nietzsche on those schemas. Mine E2 nor schemas. Minority means every day on door exercise. So I exercise every day on dorsolateral means to exercise Kourou, quota to come. What type of verb is phis? Again, this is our irregular verb to come. Affirmative form would be key mass, k minus. Negative form would be key, Mohsen. Key Mohsen. Example sentence, pod teeny, teeny key must, I will come to the party. Pi t. Pi t is party. Now, let's talk about verb types in the present tense. So I told you, but sometimes it can sound as if the prison tens sounds as future tense in English. Now, let's think why. So we can separate present-tense into two parts. The first part would be habitual actions, your habits, what you do quite often. And the second one is future actions. So let's take a look, a first sentence. What does Coie yoke good sushi, biota, Obama's. What does Coie yoke socio DBMS. What does she wow, I MY yoke could often sushi CC, tab a mass. So I often eat sushi is our habit, right? We eat it quite often. So it's our present action, you know, our habit. Another example can be Johnson law. Okey-dokey bound go how Obama saying John sounds Okey-dokey bound, low handle, tab Amos n. John. Talky, talky, sometimes bound Lohan, dinner. Tab Amundsen doesn't eat. So sometimes John doesn't eat dinner. Okay? Now if we're talking about future actions, how can a present tense sound like a future action? Let's read the example. What I see when I stop all Sakai schemas. What Isua I stop or sacra AT mass. What does she want? I me, I stop tomorrow. Or sukha city in Japan. Osaka. It key mass will go. So to go. So I will go to Osaka tomorrow. We translated as future tense because it has the verb tomorrow. Okay. Our next sentence is kinda see you seeing me, Kyrie Mohsen, carlos, you Q0 which UniqueID Mohsen, Keita, she boyfriend. So today HE home. Heidi, my sand will not come back, will not return. So boyfriend will not come home today. Will not come back home today. Okay. So we know it's also future action. So these are the cases when, you know, it might sound as future tense, but it's still the present tense. Okay, now let's talk about particles. So I think that you have noticed already that very often we use some particles here. Okay? So let's take a look at this sentence. Or which t Naomi must drink. Okay? So if I want to say I will drink tea, I need to insert this particle or here, because particle or points out our object, k points out our object. And what action do we take on the object? So let's say we have t, do we drink it? Do we look at it? Do we buy it? We need to identify what actions do we take on it. So in between the noun and the verb, we need particle. Okay. Our next sentence is, a big movie. Me must watch, okay, AIG or movie. So what will I do with the movie? I will watch it. So I need or in between, in between the object and the verb. And our last one is omega AACU Kong, GSC, music schemas, Kiki MAS, listen. So what will I do with music? I will listen to it. And again, we need particle or very good. Now we also sometimes use particle there. When do we use particle that, let's take a look. So we have e, e, house, Haan book Han or your minimas will read the book. So where will I read the book? I need to identify the location, where am I located at, and what am I doing? So okay. I know that I'm reading a book, but where am I reading a book? At home. So I need to write particle day here. So we'd be EIA, the Han. Oh, you're minimas k. Same goes with cafe Catholic, Cathay coffee shop. Where? Same goes for Cafe coffee shop, cafe, cafe quarterly or an AMI MAS core here on AMI matches. I will drink coffee. Where will I drink it? At the coffee shop? So I would write day here. And I last sentence is, though Chaconne, though Chaconne, library, bank your schemas. Bengio, she must study. So where will I study? At the library K? Yes, you can see that we will write particle there everywhere. Can also particle n0 is very, very important. Let's take a look. So we have Tokyo, Tokyo, Tokyo, the city right? Iike mass will go. Where will I go? I will go to Tokyo. So now there is a slight difference between the particle there, but we have just discussed in particle NAEP, you'll remember it. So particle there, we use it when we are already in the location, we are there. And where doing some action there, okay. Particle, knee, we use it with motion verbs. So we are moving towards some location, but we are not there yet. So here we would need to write 10x, 100x schemas. Talk unique, UMass, Very good. I our second sentence is diagonal digoxin University. And again, he must do go. So where will I go? I will go to university Ni. Ni. Our third sentence is UCI. Uci home. San piety must send will not return, will not come back. So where will I not come back? I will not come back home. Boots UniqueID myself. And our last two examples are with ours. So first one is June EG, Ginny G, 12 o'clock. Mass will sleep. So at what time I will go to bed. At what time I will go to sleep at 12 o'clock. So ni And our last one is each EG, one o'clock. Iyy mass I0 must will meet. When will they meet? At one o'clock. So we would use ne everywhere. Very good. And also we have particle. It, it's quite similar to particle Ni when we're talking about movement towards somewhere. So if you use sometimes a instead of me, only when you are talking about movement, it will be OK. Or if you use means that when you talk about movement, okay? Well, when we talk about hours, we can only use ne. Okay, so let's look at these examples. So today, digoxin university, Iike, my San will not go. Where will I not go today to university? So I would write a, if you would write NE, It would also be correct. Our second sentence is UCI. Uci, home, KID must send, will not return. Where will I not return? I will not return home with GA coyote Mohsen could also be which UniqueID Mohsen. Perfect. Now about n, it is a bit more vague. So if I say I will not come back home are horrible. Come back home. It's a bit more vague and needs a bit more strong. Okay. Okay, so let's talk about time references. So when we have day of the week, like Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, et cetera, our like one o'clock, two o'clock or month. We will use Ni Ni particles. Ni is very important example sentence. So your beanie Iyy mass. So your beanie IMS. So your B Wednesday I0 must will meet. When will I meet? I will meet on Wednesday. We have particles in. Our second example is unique. Heidi must, Junie gutsy, UniqueID mass. Jenny gutsy, December, Coyote mass will return. So when malaria turn, when will I come back in December? And our last example is xi minus xi minus xi TG, seven o'clock. So when will I return at seven o'clock? Particle Ni. Ni, Ni is very important. Okay? And let's talk about the verb DES. Des. It can be b is our affirmative form of this word, is this in present tense. This negative form and present tense can be Jenae this, Jenae this, or the 1I, this. There, 1I, this. They are both the same. They're M9 is sounds a little bit more soft. That's the only difference. Example sentence of affirmative with this guck, say this, guck, say this, I am a student or someone is a student because it's not said who and negative would be GSC Sage and I, this galaxy Jenae this, or galaxy there one i, this Galaxy demo and I, this, I'm not a student. Pen this pen, this pen, pen JNI, this, pen Jenae, this, or pen. This pen. There are NY, this. It's not a pen. Adsr getSID, this UR works so hard and you have finished one of the most important lessons of this course. You have learned the present tense of verbs and how to conjugate them in the present tense. It's very important. So omega tau was Ivan's congratulations, and I'll see you in our next lesson. Matinee. 13. Frequency Adverbs: The Holocaust, a yoga saw. Hello and welcome to another class. But this Japanese for Beginners course, MRSA degeneracy. And without further ado, let's get started. So let's review what we have learned in a previous lesson. I will repeat every word twice as always. Bear meter. Meter. Q or narrow. Narrow. No, no. No. And your your hand, nasa. And nasa. Keep keep. It. Could. So coder era, era, Cao. Cao. Very good. Now, today we will learn more about grammar or boom pole. One pole been very good. So let's talk about word order in Japanese sentences. So in English we have S V, O, subject, verb object. So for example, if we have a sentence, it would be I eat sushi. I wouldn't be subject, eat would be verb, object would be sushi. And this is frequency, right? How often? So I eat sushi. However, in Japanese, it's s, o, v. So it means that berm will always go at the end of the sentence. Let's take a look. What does x2 sushi or tab a matches what the Shua socio Tabia matches. So I always sushi eat. So you can see the difference between SVO, S, O, V. Very good. Now let's take a look at this example. What does x2 till diagram? A go Bang Kao Shi mass or does you are cure digoxin, ego bingo schemas. So we have what the UA topic? Joe, today, time, thy God, could that place at the university? A go object, English, then Joshi, mass, study, we'll study verb. Okay? So I will study English at the University today. Okay? But the most important thing in this sentence is the order. So we have topic, Time. Place, object, verb or verb will always go at the end. Okay, very good. Another example sentence. What the Shira yoke could, could Ginny EIA Coyote mass? What Sheila could could VA mass. So we have what the xihuan, As for me, your could often Perugini at nine o'clock EA home, so we have a goal. Kylie must return. So I often returned home at nine o'clock. Again, the order is very important. Behalf topic here, frequency here, and time. So frequency comes before time than we have goal and verb as always at the end of the sentence. Very good. Now today we will learn a few frequency adverbs. So let's get started. The first one is the key, the key donkey. Sometimes. Second one is Zen, Zen, Zen, Zen, Zen, Zen. Never, not at all. Third one is Mighty. Mighty. Mighty. Not very often. Yoke. Yo, yo could often. Now let's take a look at this sentence. What does Sheila, Tokyo Schottky, key mass. But I see ua, the Okey-dokey respiratory schemas K. So we translate it as I sometimes go to the restaurant, but let's analyze it a bit. So at that sheila S For me, talk eDonkey, sometimes. Thought on restaurant schemas. To go. Yeah, we'll go or I go. So very good. So as you can see, that kid comes here. Comes here, not at the end of the sentence, right? It comes here, right, good. But Asherah, Zen, Zen Nico tab MRSA and what Isua Zen, Zen Nico Obama said, OK, so we translate it as I do not eat meat at all. K. So what Sheila s For me? Zen, Zen, not at all. Neat, good meat. Obama sent. Don't eat. Okay. So I don't eat meat, et al. Very good. I'd be at all. Know me Mohsen RD song sung NWA on muddy be Mohsen. Allison doesn't drink beer much. So let's take a look here. We have a mighty, well, not much, right? And with MID, we will use a negative form of the verb. Okay? So we talked you donkey ride. We used affirmative form of the verb. When with MIT, we use the negative form of the verb. And same thing goes for Zen. Zen. Okay, very good. But the Isua yoke Han or your minimas, what does Sheila yoke on your minimas? I often read books. Okay. Now let's take a look here. So we have yoke, Okey-dokey. So yoke often talk eDonkey Sometimes N minus, minus every day. With these three frequency adverbs, we will use affirmative form of the verb. Okay, so I wrote here she must, just as an example of an affirmative form of the verb. Very good. Now with Zen, Zen and Ahmadi, we will use negative form of the verb. So with Not at all or not much, We will use negative form of the verb. And I wrote here, She must then as an example. Very good. Now let's take a look at this question. Support. So she must support, so she must go, Do you play sports? Do you play any sports? And let's take a look at how we could reply to this question. My Nietzsche tennis. So she must mine Nietzsche tennis so she must, I play tennis every day. So with, every day, with my Nietzsche, we, we'd use affirmative form of the verb. She has very good talky Bucky schemas, Okey-dokey schemas. I sometimes play some sports, sometimes. Since then she Mohsen, Zen, Zen Sima son, I don't play sports at all. Now, let's learn free more frequency adverbs. The first one is Tammany. Tammany. Tammany, occasionally. Second one is it's it's it's always, and the third one is pi k. Pi, k, pi k. Usually. What does Shira DO? Tom, I need Sakai MAS, thus US audio, Tammany sky amass. As for me that occasionally I use, so I occasionally use vat. Very good. Tammany it audio schema's Tammany it audio schemas. I cook. Occasionally. You do audio pseudo means to cook, to make food. It's a more ramen or tab amos. It's more around NO tab Emma's. I always eat ROM in Taipei. Mass times g. I wrote 23 here, but I mean 11 o'clock, 11:00 PM. So I usually go to sleep at 11 o'clock. Now let's practice. I would like you to try to translate these sentences written in yellow. I will give you ten seconds to translate each sentence. If you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause this lesson. Okay, now, let's do it. Let's translate this sentence. I always eat sushi. What by Sheila? Sushi or tab Amos. Amos. As for me, always, sushi. I eat, Eat. Very good. Next one is, I usually wake up at eight o'clock. Pi pi t hat's Eugenia schemas. Very good. Next one, I occasionally watch movies. But Tammany, Tammany ego minimise. Okay, so AIG is a movie to watch. A movie is a very good Alison doesn't watch TV at all. K, So this is with a negative. Let's think. How will we make a negative kx? It sold some NWA Zen, Zen, NEMA San ID song sung Zen, Zen petty, beyond me, Mohsen. So with Zen, Zen, we would use me myosin. Very good. I don't study much. Oshima San what the Shira unmarried being Joshi, my San, banjos Sudo is to study. Very good. I often go to Japan. But I Coie Nihon Ni, UMass. Nihon schemas. Sometimes I go to the park. So park in Japanese is colon, colon schemas. Okey-dokey schemas. Okay, and now let's learn some location weights. So our first word is. Right? So if we're talking about someone on our right side, right? Very good. Left with B he daddy he daddy daddy. Bag or behind with B 000. In front would be my my my on would be o or a bug that could also mean above. Under would-be Stop. Stop. Stop. Inside would be NACA. Naca. Naca. Near or nearby would be t kappa Sica Sica Sica. Next or next to it be tonality. Tonality. Tonality between or inbetween would be Ida. Ida I, on the chair. So how would we say on the chair? It wouldn't be so we have a chair. On the chair would be ECMO. So in-between share and this direction word, we need to add particles. No. Very good. Under the table would be tert-butyl noise. Inside of the bag would be carbon Nonaka. Combine Nonaka. Carbon Nonaka. On the right of the chair would be a tsunami. Is tsunami. Tsunami ag. On the left of the table would be table. Daddy. Daddy. Daddy. Near home would be 0s and 0s and 0s. And next to the chair would be not tonality is simultaneity, is sonata on IT. Now, let's take a look at this sentence. So we had a y, b nor tonality, this being tonality, this a k. So we have a law. So a would be the location, the place that we are looking for, okay, the main place, B would be location next to which something is located. So we would say a is located on the right side of B. As located next to B. Ok, so here would be instead of tonight, it could be any location word. Example sentence, cafe Le Guin called naughty cockiness. Cafe Le Guin Cournot, Chicago days, coffee, coffee shop cafe. So as for the coffee shop, gingko bank, know Chicago, this nearby Chicago, right? So the cafe is near the bank. Near the bank. Okay, good. So this is a location word. Diag Alcoa being Yoko Ono. He badly this daga. Daga, daga university. You're being you're being QC, post-office. He daddy, he barrier left. So university is on the left of the post office. Very good. Gingko convening. This gingko convenience No, it is. Bank. Can be knee convenience convenience store. Go up on or above. So the bank is up above the convenience store. Very good. Can be nulla e, This can be Nuwa McKee. This convenience store is on the right side of the park. Coal and coin. Very good. Gingko slew studies. Gingko Sue pano studies the bank is under the supermarket. Very good. Yes. Sue panel NACA, this supernode NACA days, Yik Yak, joke. Pharmacy. So the pharmacy is inside the supermarket. Su Su pi, very good. Superpower. Getting Kono Shira, this superpower, King Kono Shira, this, the supermarket is behind the bank. Yet this QC UA, HOTAIR anonymize, this. The pharmacy isn't Friend of the hotel. What they're, what they're. Now let's do some translation exercises. You will see a sentence here written in pink, and I will ask you to translate it into Japanese. I will give you ten seconds for each sentence. If you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause this lesson. Okay, let's get started. So the first sentence is, The bank is next to the convenience store. Convening lot on IT. This gingko convenient not on IT. This bank is next to convenience store. Very good. Our second sentence is, the library is on the right of the bank. Does show Kamaroi gene gone omega0, this economy, this library. Mickey, right? Gingko bank. Very good. The park is in front of the library. Ashoka. Ashoka is Cohen park, mine front door Chaconne library. Universities on the left of the cafe. Lawyer, He Daddy, this diagonal UA, Cafe Noir. This University left the coffee shop. Cafe. Very good. Hotel is behind the pharmacy. Kill this. What Yoko Ono should, or this hotel behind the farm is very good. At Sukarno's unless you have worked so hard when you have finished yet another class of this Japanese for beginners course. I am so proud of you and I can't wait to learn even more new things with you. In our next lesson, omega tau was IMS, and I'll see you in our next class. Motto. 14. Verbs 2: We now find the Holocaust a aka saw, Hello and welcome to another class with his Japanese. The biggest cost, this is you teacher Izzie. And without further ado, let's get to work. So let's review our few new words, but we on land in a previous lesson. Pole mats. Mats. Very good. And now let's begin our new lesson. So today we will talk about verbs again, or though she, though, she though C. And we have number two written here. Why do we have it here? Because we have already learned a little bit about verbs. But today we will talk about the past tense. So we will talk about the Japanese verb conjugation in the past tense. Alright, so let's review a little bit. Do you remember what types of verbs do we have in Japanese language? We have ru verbs, the rule verbs, adverbs, verbs and irregular verbs. Irregular verbs. Very, very good. Now let's get started. So let's start off from Rover conjugation and the past tense. So let's take our verb, Tibet to eat. So to get our word stem, we need to take away though too. So we take away the rule and we have Tibet. Tibet, which is our word stem. And to that word stem we will add the ending for affirmative and negative in the past tense. So let's start off with affirmative. So to Tibet. But we need to add pass affirmative ending. My staff. My staff, although it is written much xi dot, we say my staff. My staff. Very good. So the full word eight would be tabby my sta, tab a much very good. Now for the past negative to Tibet, we need to add must send the step, must send this. And then we would have didn't eat. Send this data. Obey my son, this. Very good. So we have eight. Didn't eat. Perfect. Now let's take a look at our verb, meter, mirror to look to watch. So from meter, because it's a rover, we take away those two. And we have our word stem, meat. Meat. And to make passed affirmative to meet, we need to add my staff my staff, so we will have me my stop me my sta. Very good. And for past negative to me, we need to add, must send this data, my sin, this data. So we will have me my send this data. My must send this data. So watched and didn't watch. Perfect. Now for my favorite verb to sleep, narrow, narrow. We take away rho and we have net, net. And to that we need to add mice. Mice. So we have Namaste. Namaste slept. Yeah, past affirmative and pass negative would be Neymar. Send this data, name matches, then they stop because we added my dish. See, very easy. Now let's take a look at UW verb conjugation. So we have this verb to meet k, So it ends in 00. So what do we do if our verb ends in o? We go one step back, okay, it doesn't matter if it's caused sort sumo, et cetera. For all worms, we will always go one step back in conjugation. So if it's o, it will turn into e. What do I mean by that? Let's take a look how to meet. We take away okay, we have our left and because we moved one step back, it was e, So we add e. So we have I, I. Okay, very good. So we have i and for past affirmative to IE, we need to add my staff. My staff. And our final result would be I0, I0 mush that met k for past negative two, I would add my sin, this data, my sin dish to. So our final result would be I0 must send the STA. I must send this data didn't meet. Okay. Our next verb, cock could, could, to write. For core. We move one step back. It will be C0, C0. So let's take a look at Kaku right here. Cock. We take a week COO or o, right? And we move one step back. So we have to have key, key, ok? So we have Cauchy, Cauchy as our word stem. And to Cauchy for past affirmative, we need to add my sta, my stuff so we will have cocky Meister Cauchy musta wrote. Now for past negative too cocky. We need to add my Sandinista Mohsen dish. So we will have cocky Mohsen, this Cauchy Mohsen the STA didn't write K. Let's take a look at Tora. Tora to take a picture. So for all verbs that end in rule. We will move to the lee, if you can see at the bottom. So Doro will become party authority. This is our word stem. Ok. So for past affirmative to authority, we add my data and we have 30. My stop, stop, took, took. And for pass negative 230, we add my send this. So we will have tardy Mohsen this data. Send this data. Didn't take another verb. Mats. Mats, wait. So, so will change into T, t. Let's take a look. So from Matsuda, we turn into much so too much past affirmative. We will add my status. So we will have much, much, much, much sta, waited. And for negative, see my Sandinista, mighty my sin, this didn't wait. Another verb that ends in rule law. Cairo. Cut a ton the stand. So rho would move into the EU. So from buckets, we move 2D, so we will have our KD, KD. And to make passed affirmative to walk Heidi, we need to add my step and we will have Hua KD My star while cody Meister and this to and now, if we want to make pass negative to al-Qaeda, we need to add my Sandinista. My Sandinista, so we will have walk IT. Mohsen this. While Kadima sin the step, didn't understand. Now for irregular verb conjugation, as you can remember, we have only two irregular verbs, to do and kowtow to come. So let's start off with pseudo todo. Past affirmative would be she my sta Shi Ta Si Shi Dang Shi my stuff. And to pass negative would be she must send this data. See my send this data. So did and didn't do very good pay. So let's take a look at an example. Let's say play tennis in Japanese is to do tennis, tennis silk suit. So affirmative past affirmative would be ten E. So she, my stamp, ten He saw she must step. I played tennis. Now negative would be Penny saw cmos and this penny, so see my Sandinista. I didn't play tennis. Very good. Now felt could it come past affirmative would be key mice. The mice C0 minus C, that for past negative it would be key must send this. Key must send this. Nice. Now let's take a look at some examples. Pass the affirmative, diag up Clinique Vesta. Digoxin, sneaky Meister. I came to the university. Pass negative would be daga, daga, daga Cooney. Step. Now we have one more verbs that we use it very often. It's this, this, which means is R m. So the past affirmative of this would be this. This data. And pass negative would be Jenna cut this. Cut this. A good example sentence. Gsc say day sta, galaxy, they step, was a student. Galaxy Gemma cut this. Guck, say Gemma cut that. This wasn't the student. Now let's practice. Let's try to translate these sentences. I will give you ten seconds for each sentence. So the first one is, I wasn't a student. Feel free to pause the video here. If you feel like ten seconds isn't enough for you, feel free to go back and review it. Okay. So let's start. Okay. Well, at GGAC, say Gemma cut this. What does she UA galaxy Jana cut this. So as for me, I student wasn't. So I wasn't a student. Very good. And never sentence, I didn't wait. My cima sin the stack might Sima send this step. Okay, so here you can add what does xihuan s For me? Much EMS in this step. So as for me, I didn't wait. But if we know that you're talking about yourself, you don't necessarily need to, you know, use what? Push you out with SQL with a schwa, old time, ok. So you can write what the Shiva or you can skip what the xihuan inverse situation. Okay, moving on. I returned or I came back home at around nine o'clock. Okay. So home would be UCI. And around with be GoPro. Gopro. What does C you could g goto, which UniqueID my step. What Isua goods ego, which UniqueID my step. As for me, at around nine o'clock, home, came back, side, came at home at around nine o'clock. Very good. Our next sentence is, I wrote a book, han o sta, Han o Kikee, my step. Very good. I took a photo in Kyoto. Kyoto would be Kyoto. Kyoto photo would be shushing session. Kyoto, the stack, Giotto, the shushing Dadi, my stamp, Kyoto in Kyoto. Shushing photo, Tony mush that took so I took a photo in Kyoto. Very good. Advocate is I minus you have worked so hard and you have finished your second lesson about verbs and they're tenses. I'm really, really proud of you because you will be able to make so many new sentences and communicate in Japanese way better on that the dog was IMS, and I'll see you in our next lesson. 15. Adjectives: I sang the Holocaust a Alcazar, Hello and welcome to another glass. But Japanese for beginning scars, it's your teacher is again. And now let's get started. Let's review a few new words, but we have learned in our previous lesson, total, total months, months, married. And now let's start our new topic. Our new topic is adjectives, or in Japanese, k, xi, k, o, c, K VOC. Very good. So the first thing we need to know about Japanese adjectives is that there are two types of adjectives. The first type is E adjectives, he adjectives, and the second type are not adjectives, adjectives. So how are we different? So E adjectives will end in letter e and we will be able to see that scene for not adjectives. They do not end in, they are a little bit different. So let's take a look at how both of them look like. So we would know how to distinguish them. So we have four adjectives as examples. Let's take a look or key or t, big, cute, boy, Si Shi, delicious. Mosaic IC. Rc difficult. As you can see, all of them. And in e, That's why vehicle adjectives. For not adjectives. We have Ski. Ski cunei, cunei, Hema, Hema, season, season, end. Now for not adjectives, we can see CKY, Hema, see Zika. They don't end in E, end in random letters. And that's how we know that they are not adjectives for other ones like these are the two exceptions. So they end in E, but they are not adjectives, so we need to remember them because especially beautiful, we will use this word very often. So that's why we need to memorize it. So Let's start off with the present tense of the adjectives. So this might sound a bit weird, but in Japanese, adjectives have tenses. So while in English, if we want to say, oh, this was delicious, we would say was delicious. So we would just add a verb. The adjective itself, right? However, in Japanese, we will change the adjective itself. So we would see in what sense are we right now and about what tends are we talking about? Are we talking about it? It is delicious. Now. We are talking about that. It was delicious. Ok. So let's start off with present tense, affirmative and negative forms. So the short form, the basic form of adjective or she, or she delicious is if we want to make the present tense, we would say, oh, see this, you see this? Ok. Both of them are present tense. However, she is the short form. This is a bit more formal because we have this, this. So the only thing you need to do, you need to add this or just leave it like that if you're talking to your friends, okay? So that would be present tense affirmative. For present tense negative, we have a little bit of a conjugation. So from Boise, we need to take away the last e and then we will be left with boys she or is she only which she entered at Boise. We need to add cunei, cunei negative form. And then we would have Kanai. And we add this at the end. So it would be this guy, this, it's not delicious. Very good. Okay, now let's take a look at another adjective, adjective, or key, or key big. So if we want to make it a bit more formal, in the affirmative form, we would add this, so it would be all key this, or it's big. Now, if we want to make negative form in the present tense, we need to take away the last E And we will be left with all key or key. Get to are all key. We need to add negative form cunei, cunei. And we will have all cunei. Cunei with this or this, or this, it is not big. Another adjective, Missouri, Takashi, Takashi, difficult. So for affirmative we would add this Ducasse, this Mizuki, I see this. N for negative, we need to take away the last E. So we would have Mozi Takashi, Musso Kashi left end to Missouri ACASI, we need to add negative form cunei, cunei. So we will have Mazel cached. This missouri Kaushik convey this. It's not difficult. Very good. Now, for the past tense of adjectives, for the affirmative form. From x0, we need to take away the last E. So we will have OISE she left or two OCI we need to add cut, cut, past form. So we will have CAPTA. It was delicious. And to make it a bit more formal, we need to add this so it would sound like this or this, or this. It was delicious. For negative form, we need to take the negative form of present tense, which would be Kanai. And from that oyster mind, we need to take away the last E. So we will have oil, canola or not. And to that, we need to add past-tense ending kappa, kappa. So we will have NACA and we add this so I cannot cut this. It wasn't delicious. For all key past affirmative, we take away the less E We have all. Or q, two or q we add past-tense ending, cut, cut that we have. Or cata, cata this. And for negative. And the past tense, we need to take negative in the present tense, which is all Kanai, OK, economy, and take away the last E. So we will have all key cannot oaky canal left, end to that. Ok, economy. We need to add past-tense ending cut. So we will have or Kikkoman cut or keep, cannot cut this. Very good. Now for difficult was ACASI to make passed affirmative from Missouri cashier we take away the less 0s we have missed the Kashi left. To musical shoe, we add passed ending CAPTA. And we have the cache data, cache data. And then we have mesocosm studies. For negative. We take away negative from the present tense, which would be Missouri cached Kanai. And we take away less E. So we have Ms. Akashic canal left and developed music Ashkenazi. We add past-tense ending CAPTA, and we had musical Toccata, Missouri cached gonna cut that is, it wasn't difficult. Very good. Now let's take a look at not adjectives in the present tense. So we have adjectives, Hema, Hema. Okay? So he, mine's like o to have a lot of free time, kinda bored time. So he Mao would be playing plain adjective and human. This would be a bit more formal but an affirmative form. So humid is for negative. We need to add gemini. Gemini, This is not, is not. So we would have Hema, JNI, this key, this. Now we have a big star here, so it means it will be one of our exceptions. Key they beautiful. So this Qi De, This is beautiful. So it means that this adjective ends in E, but it's an adjective. Ok, and for negative form, to keep a, we need to add January, this Jenae. Thus the negative is not so key. The July, this is not beautiful. Ski, ski to like CKY this ski, This I like. So we only add this four negative ski Gemini. This is not ski JNI, this I don't like, I don't like. And now for the past tense, so for affirmative we had ski. It was key this before, but now it will be ski. Ski I liked. Now for negative, we need to take the negative from the present tense, which was key Gemini, from SKY Gemini to take away the last E. And we will have Ski Jana, ski jama left to that ski Jana, we need to add passed ending cut and we will have Ski jama cut this. Ski jama cut this. I didn't like for Hema. Also the same. So before it was human this, now it will be Hema dish, sta, he my dish step n for negative, we take away negative from the present tense. He might deny. Takeaway from it. We have Hema Jana. And the Hema Jana we add passed ending cut. So we will have chemo jama cut. He much i'm not cut. That is, I didn't have a lot of free time. Okay. Beautiful. This is our exception. So before this was killed a. This, now it will be q0, the dish data. Here, a dish. It was beautiful. For negative. We take away negative from the present tense which was killed a July. He lay July from Qaeda NIH, we take way less. So we have QA Jana, giddy, Jana and Curator Now we add cut that past endings. So we have Qi De Zhai macaca. Here. There wasn't beautiful. Here age are not caught by this. Now we have a special adjective, Adjective E, which means Good. So in the present tense, it would be e, this e, this, it's good. And present negative would be yoke Kanai, this, yoke, deny this. It's not good for past affirmative would be your cut. That is your cut. Today's It was good. For past negative, it would be your Connecticut. That is, you cannot cut this. It wasn't good. So what you can do for this special adjective, just memorize it's present and past forms. Now, let's practice it into. So we have Adjective is sagas, she is so gushy, busy. Now we need to think, is it an adjective or eat adjective first? And let's take a look at this little table. So in the present it would be a saga xi, this is Saga she days, right? Present affirmative. Now let's think about past affirmative. Later on, present negative and pass negative k. I'll give you five seconds for each k. Let's start off with past affirmative. What would we write here? Is so gosh, this is so guys, she kept I, this was busy. So what we did, we took away the last E and we added cut, cut up past ending. So gasket, that is very good. Now let's take a look at present negative form. Is so gosh, this is so gosh, can I this. So we took away less 0s and we added cunei. Cunei negative form is sagas choline. This, I'm not busy. And our last part pass negative is so gosh cannot cut this, is sagas cannot cut this. I wasn't busy. So we took is August Kanai. We took away e and we added cut. So we have a sagas cannot have this. Perfect. Let's move on to happy. She, she, she now let's Fink. Is it not adjective or adjective? Ok. And let's try to write down present affirmative, past, affirmative, present negative, past negative. We will do is one by one. We will start here. I will give you five seconds. See this? See this, I'm happy. So we only add this here again. Now let's try past affirmative. That is an AC cup that is. So it took will ESI and we added past ending up that S. Now let's try present negative British guy, this guy this. So we took away less 0s and we added negative form cunei, cunei, this Amanda happy. And last one past negative. Earlyish cannot cut this. That is gonna cut this out, wasn't happy. Now our next one, cute. President, affirmative this. Now let's try past affirmative. Cut. This. Cut, this very good astray, President negative chi, chi, chi, this is not cute. And pass negative. You cannot cut, this guy cannot cut that. This wasn't queued. Cool. Qe, QE, present form can query this. Query this. Now let's take a look at this part. At the ending is E. Good. Do you remember the special adjective that we took a look at? So it will be very important to conjugate only this part. Ok, so let's try past affirmative. This is your cap. Your cut is pass affirmative of E. Very good. Now as Chai present negative cochlea, this, coil Kanai this. So yo can I is negative in the present tense of E. N pass negative. Coil can back up that this coil cannot cut this. Yokohama pass negative form. Very good. Now another adjective, quiet, Shizuoka, City, sukha. See Zika. Present tense. She's Lucundus. Sees Lucundus. Now let's ping. Is it not adjective or E adjective? And let's try to write down past affirmative. Shizuoka day sta Shizuoka. This service was not adjective and this turn into this data into pest ends. Now let's try to write down present negative. See sukha, this Shizuoka July, this k, It's not quiet, so we add gemini, Gemini. And last one for past negative. Shizuoka jama peptidase, Shizuoka jama cut that is. So we added Gemma kappa here. You have white cell hired and you have finished our lesson about Adjectives and their conjugation in different tenses. I'm so proud of you and omit the dog assignments, and I'll see you in our next lesson. Matinee. 16. Most Common Adjectives: Finally Holocaust, say Augustan. Hello and welcome to yet another class with his Japanese public Ines costs. This is you teacher The again, and I'm so excited about this lesson. Now without further ado, let's get started. So let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Or the O key. C. C. C, C, ski, ski Kenai. Hema. Hema. Shizuoka says Qi De E, E, E. So guys see, Esau, guy see, see, see, CAC. Very good. So now as we have reviewed everything, what we learned in a previous lesson, let's start a new lesson. So today we will also learn about adjectives or Kao Shi, Kao Shi Kao sheep. And we will talk about top 30 most commonly used adjectives. I already, let's get started. Number one, many allot 00. E adjective. Example sentence, he Togo, this, heat. This, there are many people. Another example, ascendance. He toga or Kanai, this heat toga, oh can I this, on many people. Number too big. Or key, or key, adjective. Key. This key EDS, it's a big house. Or this, or this. This TV isn't big. Number three, small t psi, t, psi, t psi e adjective. So DO-IT psi this saw DO-IT psi this. That a small number for cheap? Yes. Say yes. Yes. Adjective. Yes. Kat or this? Yes. Say staccato, this. It's the chips Kurt. Yes. So Kanai this yes, a Kanai this it's not cheap. Number five, expensive or tall. Chi, chi, chi e adjective. No Foucault chi, this chi the focal means close. So this one, Foucault. Foucault. So those clothes are expensive. So nanny duck denied this. Sunlight. Dhaka Kanai, this, it's not that expensive. Sega Tai Chi this Sega tai chi, this is tall, talking about height. Number six, new at data xi, at x0. At that I see adjective. At that I see caught or this. She caught or this. It's a new coat at direct Chaconne. I see today's AT that i Chicago nicer days. It's not a new sweater. Seven, all foot firmly adjective. And this adjective cannot be used talking about people's age. So like if you want to say that someone is elderly or someone is old, please don't use this. This adjective is used only for things. Okay? Example sentence, firstly, K, this K, this is an old watch. Eight Hart at, say, at, say, at, say adjective. Joe at C, this, q o at, say this. It's hot today. Cto Chenault, not so at so cannot cut this CTO at Seneca tidies. This year's Summer wasn't hot. Caught Tashi this year, not summer. So cannot cut that wasn't hot. So it's past negative. Tens of the adjective. Numb Benign called some, some, some adjective. Canon Dao summary, this canada summary. This, as for Canada, it's called our cannon. They scold or it's called in Canada. Do some Kanai, this edge put dot, some organized this. As for Egypt, it's not called mary, good. Ten long. No Guy. Guy. Guy, adjective, calm. You know, guy this, cameo. Now guy this, it's long hair. 11, best or early, high, high, high adjective. You have children or high this Yuki, somewhat high sugar, high this Yuki sum is best at running. 12, like Ski, ski, ski. I know that we write sucky. But when we say it, we say Ski, ski, it's as if the, you, the O disappears, ok. This is not adjective and although in English to like is a verb, in Japanese it's an adjective. Let's take a look. Has sued on August ski, this has Sharon Nagasaki. This I like running C kg ascii, this silica guy ski, This, I like watermelon. 13, hate to hate. Te ri, te ri, te ri. Not adjective to hate. Yes, psy guy. This. Yes, I got this. I hate vegetables or I dislike vegetables. 14 bad. Adjective. Vital Kanai this. Vital Kanai, this, it's not bad. 15, few, a little. So cunei, cunei, cunei. Adjective. Example sentence. He taught me this. He said, this. There are very few people here. 16 important, essential hits, your hits a Yo, Yo Ma adjective, hits a o Nakamoto, this hits CEO. Cto days. It's unimportant thing. 17, delicious. My my my adjective. And this one is more commonly used by males. And it's to emphasize, but something is super, super, super delicious. Let's take a look. Met, show my this Mitchell, my, this matching means that really very mature mind is super delicious. It's very delicious. However, we have another word for delicious, or she or ISI, Boise, which is also an adjective. And it's used by everyone, bow by males and females. Okay. Cournot, pisa dot MOOC, this Cournot piece, Anwar Sadat, their Moy, See this, this pizza is really delicious, is very delicious. 19 cool, Suger, Suger, Sega adjective. And not this, and not our sigmoid this. You are amazing. Your so-called 20 near close ci chi chi chi e adjective. God, Kolkata. Kolkata, IO IHI, the snare. The house is really near from the school. Are very near to school. 21 far. Pull adjective, cocoa, Kiara toy, this core Kolkata toy, this, it's far from here. 22. Easy. Can tan, tan, tan, tan, tan. Not adjective. Kanban Nash, someone this can summon this. It's an easy question. 23, fun, paranoid. She, Damo Shi Dan I C E adjective, keynote. This keynote. Yesterday was fun. 24, kind. Yes, I see. Yes, I see. Yes, I C, E adjective. What does she know? A motto. Yes, I see this. What does she know? Animoto. She this my youngest sister is very kind or my unassisted is kind. 25. Scary. Why? Why? Why? Adjective a Gon na sensei? Why this? Why this English teacher is scary. 26 cu chi chi chi adjective. Annoyed Yasi, Iowa. And audio Joe CEO. This, that girl is cute. 27, boring to Latin and I say E adjective. So milan, I GIGO this Sumatra NIJ. This, it's a boring class. It's a boring lesson. 28, interesting. 5'10, almost 0. Almost 0 or more. She ROI. It's also a adjective. So I know that it's written interesting. An, ANOVA. Beginner learners often use it like, oh, it's an interesting movie, it's an interesting book, but it's very important to keep in mind that it can also mean funny. Show in some contexts, it might be difficult to understand. So let's be careful when we use this word. Because we might want to say that someone is interesting, but it might come out at someone is funny. You know, let's take a look at examples. Almost a goddess or more shadow. Aig. It's an interesting movie or it's a funny movie, depending on the context. 29, low or short, if we're talking about height, he could, he could, he could Sega hickory this. Sega, he coolly, this is short. So we haven't said who but someone is short. You were talking about height. 30, bright occurred, occurred. Occur. Occur. Ero guys ski this, carry Iraq ascii, This I like bright colors. To cut a Zama, this UI so hard and you have learned most popular 30 adjectives. I hope that this was useful for you. Omitted tacos IMS, and I will see you in our next lesson. Madonna. 17. Emotions: We now find ni hao ma say Alcazar. Hello and welcome to this Japanese for Beginners course. This is your teacher is E again, and I'm so excited to learn even more new things with you today. Now, before starting our new lesson, I would like us to review what we have learned in our previous class. Are you ready? Let's get started. I will repeat every word twice. Or or or g. O t t psi. T psi. Yes. Yes, sorry. That Chi Kai Shi Shi. I'd say at say some my sum, my guy. Nice guy. Hi, yea. Hi. Ski, ski key and I, my g or Maggi. Nih. So Kanai hits your hits. Mai, Mai, Kai, Kai, Shi, Shi, Kan, Dan, Shi Shi, Shi Shi Tai Chi. So he could, he could. Now that's all for our review, our previous lesson. Now, let's learn more about emotions. I already. Let's go. Now how do we see happy in Japanese? Si Shi Shi. How would you say, Oh, I'm not happy. Cunei. Cunei. Cunei. Lonely in Japanese can be some Mi Shi, Mei Xi or sub b, c, sub e, c. So it can be era with me, me suddenly see, or would be. B sub B s0, and it means exactly the same thing. Lonely. Now how would we say not lonely? Suddenly she could NIH, suddenly she cunei or sub b, xi cunei, cunei. Sad comma c, comma xi, comma xi. Not sad. She cunei, cunei. Cunei. Tired, so cut it. So so credit but not tired to deny, to deny, deny. Sleep be mm-hm. Mm-hm. Mm-hm. Not sleepy. Nemo Kanai, Nim cunei. Cunei. Boring or board. So my my my my or in shorter way, more informal way. So lanai. So my my mom my I don't recommend using the second one with anyone unless they are very, very, very close friends. Not boring. So I'm not gonna lie. Some unlucky my sermon, not the mind. So this demon lacunae from this one from someone lie from board. So we make the negative form of the adjective, someone not Kanai, if we would talk about this one. So Mata nine, then it would be surmised not cunei, medina Kanai. Very good. Angry. So we have the verb or, or to get angry or quote, unquote, there is continuous form. So if you wanna see, well bet you're angry, you would say, Oh could or could. Not angry. Oh, my god, my god. My shy or embarrassed has occur. She has she has Takashi. Not shy or not embarrass. Has Akashic, NIH, has a cassie. Nye has to worry about something. Shin Shin pi sutra. Sutra. Not to worry. Shim pi Stan I deny shim pi stem. I. Surprise to be surprised by the good is soon to be courtesy. So if you want say to your family, you got surprised. You can just say BigQuery, be goodie. But if we're talking about someone got surprised. We say it as a verb. Could be not surprised because he stole my b could be Kurdistan I hungry on Nakagin. Say that. On Nakagin, say or not. Say first the nada. No daka, daka, daka. To get nervous, to be nervous. So if you know, as you can, tell your friend or Kinshasa to fall in love, coins, coins, coins, to feel unwell. We can say it in two ways. The first one is a, the second one is a giga. Now so we have learned the four ways to call our emotions, right? And different verbs to describe the way we are feeling like Harvey nervous, are we Hungary of first steep? But now let's learn how to express our happy, sad, nervous emotions. And what things would we say in those situations when we're feeling like that? So the first emotions where we will try to express our happy motion. So let's learn some happy expressions. Yet. Yeah. Yet the net, it's like, yay, when you're happy about something or when you're like you we're looking forward to something. You were waiting for something to happen. You are when you had before your friend, like get the name yay. Next one is enough. Nice. Like when your friend tells you about some things, something nice, but it happened to them and you're like a man. That's nice, isn't it? So guy, so guy, guy. It's like, wow, that's so cool. That's amazing. Yeah, but yeah, but yeah, but it's like, wow, crazy in a good way. It's like oh ING. Because yeah, but can be used also in a bad way. Had I D. So this is written in katakana and if we translated from English it would mean lucky. But it also means that yes, lucky, like collect key. So imagine your friend tells you, for example, I don't know, we got a boyfriend or girlfriend and they went out on a really nice date and you're like, but I ask, so nice. La, LA, LA. This is just like a sound expression and you're like surprised and happy at the same time. Like, like, wow, Muji, hunter. Hunter, really. So both of these questions mean really. So you can use whichever you want. Now let's learn how to express our excited emotions. So let's take a look. Doc eDonkey, duck eDonkey. This is exciting, sits like when your heart is beating a bit, paths like Doc eDonkey, lucky, lucky. So when I'm excited for same thing, I can say the Okey-dokey. So it expresses my feelings. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. It's like, oh my goodness, that's so nice. Especially if you're on a date, then something nice happens. Or you receive a give you like. It's quite acute expression and a lot of Japanese girls useless. What Cu could walk luck. The camp we looking forward to. It also kinda expresses the way or heart fills in that moment. What click OK. Now let's move on to sad or disappointed expressions. So, so, so it's like, oh, right, I understand. So for example, your friend promises you something and they forget and you soak. I c, right, I understand. You're angry. You're disappointed. So could could show cycle. I'm shocked. I'm crushed. Yea. He what? It's like when something unexpected happens, something bad. Like oh, too bad. Saw, saw, saw. No way. It actually means ally in Japanese. But when someone says, oh, saw, it's like, oh, no way. Now some angry, annoyed expressions. Must Taco, Taco, Taco. Unbelievable that this happened. Moody, moody. Moody. So actually Moody means impossible. But it can also mean like, nope, it's impossible. I will not do that. Hot boy, boy, boy, site off. Leave me alone. Ha, what? So you can use one or deborah means what? Muji. Seriously. So before we use mighty in an excited way, like my g, like really. But if you say it in a different tone, it can express a different emotion. So using your tone correctly is really important with these expressions. And this one, it means that seriously damage dammit. No. Or not allowed by administration. It's more like no more more. Molly. Molly. Molly. Like that's enough. I had enough. That's it. I'd suggest is islanders, you have worked so hard and you have finished yet another lesson with the Japanese for Beginners scores. After this lesson today you will be able to express your emotions way better. So omega togas IMS, and I'll see you in our next lesson. 18. Family: Meanwhile, SAN Nihon law say Alcazar, Hello and welcome to yet another glass with the Japanese for Beginners, cause it's the teacher is the again, and I'm so excited to learn even more new things with you today. So without further ado, let's get started with our review. As always, I will repeat every word twice. She she said Amishi semi, she said Vichy sub-e xi comma xi, xi. So cut it. Nim sum mn NIH, Cimon NIH has okay, she has ACASI, shin, shin pi. B could be curiouser on Nakagin, data, on Nakagin SETA, King Djoser, coin, coin, joe. Yet. Yet. So guy, yada. Yada, right? The right key. Haunt. Oh, my d. Rho dot. Dot. Dot. Yeah. Yeah. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Show. Show. Saw. Who saw my daka? Daka, muddy, muddy, hot toys, Hot DOI. How much damage it? More. So today we'll talk about family. And family in Japanese is causal. Causal? Causal could. Now firstly, I will explain Japanese words for your family members. There will be different names for family members of your family and someone else's family. Because when we're talking about our family, we use particular terms. And when we're talking about someone else's family, we use different terms because we use these special words to pay more respect to someone else's family. Alright, let's get started. Row Xin Xin, row Xin, parents. Ha ha ha ha ha ha, mom. Ct. Ct, dad. So f2. So foo, sofa, grandfather. Sobel. Sobel. Sobel. Grandmother. What what does she, what does she I, me, une une, une older brother and sister. Auto, auto, auto. Younger brother. E molto. E molto. E. Motto, younger sister. Or G. Or G. Uncle. Oba. Oba. Oba. On top of or. Husband. Cinema. Cinema. Cinema. Wife. Quote Duomo, codon, Kodama, children. Moscow. Moscow, Moscow, son. I know that we write moose. But when we're speaking we say must score. Must, must Smith. Daughter, nephew, May, nice. Mongo, Mongo, Mongo. Grandchild. Taco. Taco. A cousin. Now we learn the words to describe our own family. And now we will learn how to describe other people's family. So we will learn other person's family members. So how do we call a person's family in Japanese? Goal Kazaa. Go causal could go Kazaa. We add an extra goal to make it sound more polite before the word mother. Oh, oh, oh, Carson. Father or San. San. What those sang. So be careful with using these words or Carlson and autos and don't use them when you talk about your own family. Older sister or NEA, SON, SON. Son. River needs some nice sun. Nissan. Younger sister anymore? Dawson, immortal, awesome. Son. Younger brother. Auto San. What Toto son or daughter. Some grandfather or G or G sun, sun, grand lover or Boston or boss, or boss son, uncle, or the sun, or JSON or D sum. So be careful as you can see, the difference between grandfather and uncle is one letter. So if we sick or does some, it's uncle, but if we say that G plus e, so it's prolonged, like this, or Je son, It will be grandfather. So be careful of the stewards of cave on or Boston, or Boston, or Boston. So this is the same case as with grandfather and uncle. So when you say on you say oh boson, When you say Grandma, you say oh Boson or boss. Okay. Very good. Husband goes Shu Jin, Guo Shi Qian. Guo Shi Qian. Wife oxen, oxygen, oxygen. So here it is written o Ku, some. When we say it, we say oxen. Ok, some children or cos of cos o cos sun. Sun must cosine, cosine. Cosine. Daughter or son, or Joseon or Joe son. Grandchild. Will Margo Stan, omega sin omega son. Now how do we ask how many people are there in your family? In Japanese, we say go causal cu none, none this TSCA, go causal cu, none in the sky. Okay. And if we wanted to reply, We would say, let's say there are four people in my family at kipp. So I would reply like this, causal CUA Kazaa UA, yawning this. Very good. So what we need to do here, we need to say the number of how many people are in our family and add this word Nin, Nin person, people. Okay? So if the four people I say yearning, if five people, I say gardening, six people or acquainting, okay? And now let's say r one, to name these people. She cheeto, How hot anymore Toto? What does she, this? Father, mother, young assistant, me. Okay. So use the words that you learn for your own family members because there is a difference between when you're talking about your family in someone else's family. Ok, another question that might come up when you're talking to native speakers is cure diagram. You must go cured IGA in Moscow. Do you have any siblings? And you can reply images or MSN, you must or emus and so exists or doesn't exist or to be there is, there isn't. Okay? And if you remember how we can use this verb, sometimes we can use it in a sense that, oh, I have something so heavily under sister wherever. Ok. So in my case I would say images, images I have. Or if you don't have, you can say I'm the only child. His body code this he thought it codecs. He told the code is very good. Now let's review what we have learned. Cousin, Cousin videos. Shin, shin ha ha ha ha, THE, THE sofa, sofa, Sobel. Sobel. What I see, what I need. And immortal. Or g. Omega, omega sigma. Suma, Kodama, Duomo, Moscow. Moscow. May Mongo. Mongo, Taco. Taco. Go castle could go Kazaa will cause an autosome. Son, SON. Son. Son needs some immortal, some immortal. Auto Toussaint, auto TO SON, SON, SON, SON, SON. Or the sun, or the sun. Or by some o boson. Goes Shi Jin Guo Shi Qian x1, x1. O cosine. O cosine muscosa in Moscow fan or Joe son, or Joe son. Omega sine omega. Some sentiment is you weren't so high and you have learned how to talk about your family members. So omega togas IMS, and I will see you in our next lesson. Martinez. 19. Body Parts: I mean, I find Nihon logos, say yoga saw. Hello and welcome to another class with this Japanese for Beginners course. This is a teacher is the NM six-sided a barrier lesson today. But before signing a lesson, I would like us to review what we have learned in our previous class. Alright, so i will repeat every word twice as always. Let's go. Kazaa, causes of low sheen. Do xi1, xi2, sofa. So f2. So soluble. What I see, what I see. I knee or thought oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh. So called Domo. Called Domo. Most scope. Moscow. Smith. Smith. May. Margot. Margot. It taco. Go Kazaa. Could go Kazaa. Oh, some autosome. Autosome. Oh, Nielson. Nielson. Nielson, Nielson, e. Molto son. E molto, son, or daughter, or son, or daughter or son. Or D, son or D some, some or boson or the sun. Or the sun. Or Boston. Or Boson goes Shi Jin, Guo Shi Xin oxygen, oxygen. O cosine, o plus one plus cosine plus cosine. Or Joe son. Joe Assange, omega sine, omega Assange, Kill, die, die. He thought equal. Hey, great job on this review. And let's start a new lesson. So today we will learn about body or cata. Cata. Cata in Japanese. Say ready, let's go. Head at gamma, at dharma. Dharma face. Cao, Cao. Cao. Mouth. She could see lips, contributed throat. Nado, nada, nada. Hannah. Hannah knows. Is me, me, me, me, me, me. I or eyes. Met. Met met down. Stop, stop. Stop. Tooth or teeth. Ha ha ha. Hair. Can me me, me. I borrow or eyebrows, my my my nail or nails. Submit. Submit. Submit. Hand, pet pet, pet, wrist. There could be. They could be. They could be elbow. Hit Z. He'd see he'd z are the armpit. What? Chemo sta key mice. Belly on NACA. On NACA. On NACA leg. I see. I see. I see. I see Kirby. A c could be could be Ne his his his neck. Could be could be, could be shoulder, our shoulders, cata, cata, cata, breast or chest. Back, Seneca, Seneca, Seneca. Skin had the, had the, had the phi for Domo, for Domo, for muscle, bone, Hornet, Hornet, buttocks or CD or see the see the heart. Shinzo. Shinzo. Shinzo. Lungs. Hi, hi. Hi. Liver. Console comes Xo. Xo, stomach e. E e. Kidneys. Genes or Jews, or Jews or brain. No, no, no. And now it's time for grammar. So today we will learn a very important part of Japanese grammar and it's teff form. So first of all, we should know what do we use terraform four. So it is used for many types of different expressions. For example, when we are making requests, or we are asking for permission, or we are giving permission. Or when we have two different actions in the same sentence, or when we say that something is forbidden. In all of these cases, we need to use the form of the verb. So we need to conjugate the verb into terraform. So let's take a look first of all, an example of making a request. So in English when we want to say please look, we just need to add please to verb look, and then we have our request. But in Japanese it doesn't work that way. So let's say we have our verb mu two. Mu two to look to watch. If we want to make her request, we need to turn it into temp form. So it will become meet the meet debt and then we need to add CUDA SY Could aside please please look would be mid-deck Huldah psi. But we cannot do it with mirror. We cannot say mutual could SI, it wouldn't make any sense. So we always need to put the verb in detached form if we are making requests. So let's take a look at the rule verbs. So we have the Abeta Tibet to eat there to narrow to sleep and cuter occured to get up, to wake up. If we want to make TAB form, what do we need to do is to take away from the base form of verbs. So if we have debater, ticket, if we have never tick away, cuticle weirdo for reverbs. And two, what's left? So to Tibet, to aki, we need just to add T and we will have our terraform. Let's take a look. So from Tobago, we take away to what we have left is Tibet. Tibet, our verb stem to Tibet, we need to add tag and then we have Tibet. Tibet. This is our teff form of the verb to eat Tibet. From Tibet, it turns into Tibet. Very good. Another example, narrowed to sleep. So from narrow we takeaway r2 and we have net left. To the stem that we need to add K. And then we have net. Net. This is our terraform. And our last one are cuter to wake up, to get up. After we took away. Two, we have aki left and two, aki we add ten, so we have the perfect. Now for verbs it's a bit different. So let's take a look at UW verbs that end in o, so rho, So Cao, Cao to buy months, matzo to wait and to return. So it ends in the room, but it's over. Kay? So let's take a look at how we would conjugate them. So what we would do, we would take away their ending. So we would take away their, all, their z2. Okay? So we would have only the stem left. So we have pi left after we take o. And to cow, we need to add small so with tech. So then it will sound like this at the cut because mould soil make the consonant sound like double, cut, the cut. And this. So when you're writing is very important because if you wouldn't write it, it would be a mistake. Same goes for when we take await. So we have my left and we need to add tech with small two. And same goes with chi, chi, chi, chi t. Very good. For all verbs that end in Mu Bu. Like normal, normal to drink, tabu, talk but to fly shin sooner to die. We need to take away mu. So we have no left, right? And then we need to add an. And. So our test form of the verb to drink normal would be NANDA. Nanda. Now for tabu Togo to fly, we take away Bu. So we have top-left and too tall we need to add and, and so we have done that. And so TEN days, ten form of the verb to fly, tabu. And the last one to die sooner, sinner. We take out no, we have C left, c, and then we add the end shin. There would be a form of verbs in very good. Now four overs bed and in coo, coo. So like kicker, kicks to listen or Kaku cockatoo, right? So from kicker to listen, we need to take away. So we have only key left, key. And to key, we need to add E to E. So our terraform to listen with the qi, qi t. So we have key here and one more 0s here, so it's prolonged. Qi. Qi is very good for cockatoo, right? We take away coup, we have car left, end to cow, we add e. So RTF form would be chi, chi, the nice. Now there are also all verbs that end in goo. Goo, like yoga or yoga to swim. So for yoga we would take a we go and we would have all your left. And to oil, we would add e, the e, the oil, the oil. So oil there would be a form of yoga or yogis swim. And there is over with an exception. The exception is it could, it could go. So this verb is over, that ends in Qu. However, it doesn't have a typical teff form ending. So usually when we have cool, we add the debt, but here we need to add small so it take, and then we will have the services are exceptional and we need to remember because we will use this verb to go very often. So it will become e. Now there are verbs that end in so like OSU, also to push or how nasa, nasa to speak. So if firm also we takeaways, so we only have all left and to all we need to add C. C. So the so, so will change. And this will be our form for harness, so to speak. We have Hannah left after we takeaways Sue, and to Hannah we add She CT, so we have harnessed the hand-eye state to speak. And lastly, R2 irregular verbs, soda to do, and you to come. So you just need to memorize this one because there are no rules. So soda for terraform it will change into CTA. Cta, encouraged to come will change intake kit. So sodas, correct. Very good. Now let's practice. So you can see a verb on your screen. And I want you to turn it into a form. I'll give you five seconds for each verb. I already. Ok. So please turn this verb into teh form. It will be meet the, meet the, because it's rhubarb. Care. Next verb is barrow. Again because it's rover. With Tao. Tao. Attack. Attack. A good because it ends in o. It's overbite ends in o. So we add small 210 months. My day, my day, because it's also over that ends in 0. So we need to add. Our next verb is a sober as sub book. So what would be the tet farm for a Sabah? A Sunday. Sunday cause Bu changes into a get. Our next verb is Hannah's nasa to speak, to talk. How nice the hand I step. So searching or yoga, or yoga or your joy. Good changes into e there. It could. It could our exception DO remember IT, debt, debt. So although it's overbite ends in cou, we write it like this with small CSU and it's very good to cook, to make food. So Sudo is, are irregular berm, how would we change it? Stay? The come and never irregular verb. Keep. Very good. Now let's review our vocabulary for today's class. Qaeda that gamma, gamma tau, tau could see nada, nada, hannah, Hannah mean me, mean me, met met. Stamp. Stamp. Ha ha Comi Con me. My my zoom-in submit tag could be could be heat. Heat Zhi De Hua chemo step on NACA. On NACA. I see. I see. I see. I see. Could be his. His could be could be cut, cut. Monette. Say NACA. Seneca. Had that, had that for for Domo. Qin. Han Han net. Oh, shitty Shinzo seasons. Oh, hi. Hi. Console. Console e. E dues or genes or no, no. Oxycodone, Osama des, you have worked so hard and you have learned not only a lot of new vocabulary, but also a very important part of Japanese grammar. So omega dogmas, IMS, and I will see in our next lesson. 20. Physical Appearances: We hung law, say yoga, saw Hello and welcome to the class with this Japanese for Beginners course. This is your teacher residency, and let's review what we have learned in a previous lesson. I will repeat every word twice. Cata. Cata. At Tama. Tama. Cao. Cao could see, could get TB. Tb the nada, nada, hannah. Hannah mean me. Mimi met, met stop. Sta ha ha Comi. Con me. My my superman, superman day. That could be, there, could be heat Z here, Z, stub one, or NACA on that curve. A, c, c, b, a, c could be his. His, could be, could be cata, cata, men and men net Seneca. Seneca had that, had that for Dharma. For download. Mom kin kin 10k or city. Oh, shitty. Shinzo. Shinzo high. Hi console. Console e. E Jin Soo. Jin Soo. No, no. Good job on your review or on our Fukushima. And today we will start our new topic. We will learn about physical and personality descriptions. I already, let's go. So the way we will describe a person, we have a structure. So we have person WAP, body part got description. So person y, we will have a person's name, body party guys, so hair, eyes, nose, and et cetera. And description will be an adjective describing it. Okay, let's take a look at how that would look in practice. Joseph NWA, mega, oi, this V0, somewhat Mega Boy, this video someone S for Rio son. May i omega. Oh boy, this black. So Rio's eyes are black. Very good. At Tama Gei Yi Yi. Soon up previous class, we lend this word dharma. Dharma head. E is an adjective and it means good. So good head a Tamagotchi yi means smart. Intelligent. At Tamagotchi. Battery means bad. So having a bad head would mean stupid in Japanese. As she cannot guy, I see, got Guy Guy, long legs. As she got me Zhi Chi, She got means MCI, short legs. I know this might sound weird, but Japanese people might often give me compliments about height or about how long your legs are. Comi Ghana guy can mean God Now guy. And that guy along, so long hair. Comida mi t chi, chi, short here. Sega. Sega Chi, tall guy he could. Sega, he could. So he clearly means low and semitones back. So before we had a tall bag are high bag. And here we have a low back. So having a low bag means being short. Sega, he could mega, mega blue eyes, mega, mega black eyes, manga, manga or key. Big eyes. Mega t psi t psi small. I's. Now let's take a look at other words to describe appearances. Beautiful. Host, oi, oi, skinny, fin. For toys. Doi, fat or being a bit overweight, cool. Or set it stylish. So you can say, oh, that person is very stylists. Oh, you can say, oh, that person is so stylish. Or Saturday. Then. Kamen, handsome guys. It can be gene B, gene beautiful woman. Cute. Chi, Kai, Young. Nato could Tikki. Tikki, attractive? Our joy, our pale. And now in our previous lesson we have land reform. And in this lesson we will then teff form grammar so in which ways we can use deform. So, and I have mentioned it a little bit in our last lesson, but we step form for making requests like, oh, please do something for me. Could you please do something? So what we will need is we will need to put our verb into terraform and then add word could as psi. Psi, which means please. Let's take a look at it. So we have our verb, Tibet, Tibet to eat. If we turn it into a form, it will be tablet the debate, the n If we will add CUDA psi please. It will become diabetic Udacity. Better. Could I say please eat? Very good. Are uneven verb would be Hannah's, Hannah's to speak, or verb ending in. So. So ten form would be the hand Nash then plus good SI would be her nice thick psi are nice thick psi. Please speak, please talk. Cao Cao TBI. Telephone would be cut the type because it's over verb ending in o. So we have t ket, psi tech side, please buy Mirror, mirror to watch, to look. Terraform would meet the meet the N plus psi would be mid-deck Odessa. Mid-deck psi. Please watch. Very Get your book your book to call someone as in cause someone by their name, your book. So because it ends in book form would be beyond the yonder plus psi would be beyond deck at ISI. Please call Kourou corrode to come irregular verb form would be get the, get the plus cadenza, Quito Ecuador, psi. Psi. Please come. Now, it's practice time. So you will see a verb in its basic form on the screen. And I will give you ten seconds to think how could you make it into tech that psi form into Please do something formal k. So our first verb is mirror. Mirror to look, to watch. How could we say, Please look? Meta CUDA psi. Psi, Very good. Our next verb is Q2 to wear. How could we say please, where psi, psi eta to exist before living things? How could we say please stay? Psi? Psi? My next verb is to write Kaku, PPACA. How could we say please write dy, dx, psi, high-tech ESI. Our next verb, stem. How could we see please stand at Versailles. That ticker that say, very good. Sera, Sera, to know, how could we say please know something. Stick with us. I should say this one. We wouldn't use it when speaking to someone or we wouldn't use it in general. Just for practicing your deaf form conjugation and for practicing this grammar, I chose this verb, but we wouldn't use it if we would want to say, oh, please know something does seem a bit weird. So this is just for your practice. Soda, certain irregular. How could we see please do? Stick with SI, stack, could assign and could are irregular verb. How could we say please come, keep decadence psi. Psi. By Cao. Cao, how would we say Please buy ket psi, ket psi harness to speak. How would we say please speak? How nice they could assign? How nice thick psi to sleep. How could we say Please sleep? Net Tech, Net Exodus sign. Very good. Another type of grammar with teff form is this guy plus this guy. It is used when we are asking for permission. May I do something? So again, we need to turn our verb into teff form and then we need to add more UI, this gap. Okay, so let's take a look at some examples. We have Tobago again to eat. So we have tablet form of debater Scott and our result would be debate employee the scar. Scar, Can I eat, can I eat this? Our next verb is harmless. Hannah's to speak to talk to. Form would be a nice day. Hand. I step plus Molly. And our result would be how nice the way the scar Can I speak? Can I say something? Cao Cao TBI, telephone would be cut the, cut the cut them way. This guy, can I buy Mirror, mirror to look, to watch Stefan would meet the meet the sky, meet them way. This guy, can iWatch or can I see your book? Yoga, to call someone by their name? Yawn. Yawn. There would be form. Scott, Yon demo e-discovery. Could a telephone would be keep the keep them keep them way. The SCA, Can I come? Practice time? Now, I want you to turn these verbs into asking for permission. May I do something? So if we have meter to watch to look, how would I say may iWatch may look. So we need to turn it into that form and add more e-discovery. I will give you again ten seconds to figure it out. K ready, let's go meet them only the sky. Meet them or EDs. Can I take a look? Very good to wear? How would you say can I aware it? Can I aware? Keep them. Keep them only this guy to write? How can I say can I write? Namely this guy, Kai? Very good. To stand. How can I say can I stand or can I stand here? Namely the TSCA that demo e-discovery to do? How would they say can I do can I do this? Stem? Stem way the SCA, Cura to come? Can I come? How would I say that? Keep them way this Cao, Cao to buy? How would I say can I buy? Cut them, we cut them. We discard Hannah's speak. How can I say can I speak? Harnessed namely this guy had nice, namely the SCA. Very good. Narrow to sleep. How would you say can I sleep? Net them way? This guy net them only this guy. Also getting some ideas, you have finished another important lesson with many important parts of Japanese grammar on edit togas IMS. Congratulations, and I will see you in our next lesson. Medina. 21. Weather: I mean nasa holocausts a Alcazar. Hello and welcome to this Japanese for Beginners costs, this is your teacher is z and we are already in our 20th lesson. I'm so proud of you because you're halfway through this course. Now, let's get started. Today we will learn about weather and natural disasters and we will learn how to talk about it in Japanese. I ready, let's go. So whether in Japanese is dinky thing T ten key weather forecast would be thinking, oh, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa. Good weather is Dan Qi Di Yi. Thank you. So you can be walking with your friend and you're like, ah, thank you. Thank you. They say, oh, it's such a good weather. Bad weather would be. Thank you. Thank you. Sandy or clear fine weather is highly. Hi there. And the verb is high data. Especially when we're talking about the weather clearing up after rain, after bad weather, or just the weather being sent in general. But when we're using it as a verb, cloudy commodity. Commodity commodity, cloud, coma, como coma, rain. I may. I may. I'm a terrain as if as in we are talking about the verb omega for omega photon to fall down from the sky. I omega for the terrain. You keep, you keep your key. Snow. Year kinda foot snow. As a verb. You keep golfer. Yucky golfer. Thunder, lightning coming 9090. Community. Wind causes it. Causes it causes the wind is strong with B causes a gutsy. Kazaa, got your CEO. I mean strong adjective. Storm, RSC, fog, typhoon, typhoon, di di. Who? Tidal wave, tsunami, tsunami, tsunami, earthquake, g sin the sin, the sin season. He sets the key sets, the key sets four seasons. Cqi, CQI, CQI, spring, higher, higher, higher. Summer, nuts. Nazi, Nazi. Or fall at key, key, key, winter, fool you fully, you full you. Rainbow needs the, needs, the need z. Now how could we ask, how's the weather today? Joe? Joe today? Today's whether dough, how is it? So how's the weather today? So this is one way of asking. Another way you can just say, thank you. Thank you. How's the weather? Now let's practice. I will ask you whatsoever and you will need to reply to me. I will give you five seconds to think about denser K. So the first one will be, it's cloudy. Okay? So, thank you. Thank you. Commodity this commodity, this it's cloudy. Thank you. Thank you. I though, this guy, how would you say it's raining Japanese. I made this. I made this. Thank you. Thank you. Scott. It's s0. How did this how did this thank you. Thank you. I Dadi scar. It's snowy. Yuki days. Yuki days. Thank you. Thank you. I adore this car. How could we say it's knowing? Yankee, GF. Yucky. Goffer. Thank you. Scott. Thank you. America. For America further. Thank you. Thank you. I adore this car. The wind is strong. Qazi gutsy Yayoi, Qazi gutsy joy. And now it's time to learn some new grammar or wooden pole. Boone Paul, Saturday we will learn grammar called Saudis. Saw days. I heard bad, or it is said that. So we use it when we are reporting what we have heard. So for example, we heard on the news during a weather forecast with it will rain tomorrow, and then we would use it. So we use it like this verb casual form. So it means short form, like Tibet or normal meter. Not must form, not this mass plus Saudis. Let's take a look at some examples. K. So we have noun. If we use a noun, then we need to add in between Saudis. And now, if we use not adjective, we also need the in-between solidus and adjective. But if we use E adjective, then we use just the adjective N Saudis. I'm EIA, got photos, saw this Army got facade is I heard that it will rain. So probably a watch or wherever forecasts and heard that it will rain. So I need to use the short form for for omega footer terrain. Saw this. I heard, so I heard that it will rain. I omega photos saw this. Tai Fu Gua Kurosawa, this typhoon Calcutta saw this. I heard that a typhoons coming. I saw this. I store all I'm into. So this tomorrow. All I'm a big rain, heavy rain because this is a noun, we need to add that. So all I'm Ada saw this. I heard that tomorrow it will rain heavily. I stammered this store. Takashi saw this. I stammered this. Ic saw this. I stumbled this. Catchy saw this as a test. Mozi acacias thought is, I heard vet tomorrow's test will be difficult. So maybe my professor, my teacher told me that there will be a difficult test. And then I can say Mizuki, she saw this. Let's practice. Let's translate this sentence. I heard that it was no heavily tomorrow. Well, by that I mean, it will be heavy snow. Okay. I give you five seconds to translate this sentence into Japanese. I stop all your key. Does Saudis, I stop? Or you kinda saw this? So OUT IS big snow, a lot of snow. Or you saw this? Also. You can say I start yuki got photos, sodas, but would also be okay. Now, I heard that it will rain heavily tomorrow or it will be heavy rain. I stop. All I'm Ada saw this. I stop or middle saw this. Oma means big rain, heavy rain. And because it's a noun, we need to add the one I saw this. I heard it will be hot tomorrow. I start at z saw days. I start at say Saudis. I heard when it will be called the summer CTO Chenault, not so some we saw this corticospinal not so some we saw this advocate SIM ins yellow, it's so hard and you have finished your 20 or less than omega dogmas Irena's congratulations, and I'll see you in our other half of lessons. But dynamic. 22. The House: I mean, I find Nihon Lakoff a Jocasta. Hello and welcome Tia, 21st lesson of the Japanese for Beginners, cause versus your teacher is again, and I'm so proud of you because we starting our second half of this course. Now without further ado, let's get into it and let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Review in Japanese is focus should focus Share. And now I will repeat every word twice as always. Let's thing key. Key. Thing, key. Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa. Thank you. Joy. Thanking Dao. De had a, had a hydatid, had era. America offered a manga further commodity, commodity como. Como. Your key. Key, key Goffer. Commonality. Commonality causes causes, causes a gutsy cassie. I see I see. Kd KD, Thai food, Thai food, tsunami, tsunami t sin t sin t sets he sets a CQI. Cqi, Harry, Harry, nuts. Nuts. For your needs. Nice, good job. And now let's start a new lesson. And today we will learn about the house. And the Romans meant we haven't Santa house and appliances and et cetera. So house in Japanese is e e, e, very good. Kitchen in Japanese is that Docker or Dakota, die go CTO or keep tin. Tin. Tin in katakana. Bedroom will be sincere. Xi1, xi2, xin, see, living room will be EMA. Ema or the being good. Being. The being dining room might be dying. Dying. Bathroom will be offered or offer. Offer. Services are in way the bath is. But the restroom or the washroom? It will be DAD, dad, I Dad, I got that. I or it can also be like boy, boy, boy, like toilet. Entrance are hallway. So the first dreamlike right away when yen to the house where all the shoes are left, especially in Japan, will be called gain. Can. Gain can. Again come. Garden won't be nuh-uh, nulla, new basement door, doh, doh, doh. Window, mondo, motto, motto, ceiling, then Joe, then Joe. Joe. Clock or watch. Though k k, k d V, B, B B closet or she or she closet could DO DO DO a refrigerator. Phase OCO is all call. Today's sync. The one in the kitchen is called IC. Ic. Ic to clean. So d, So d, So T soda to watch. And so this word can be used to wash things like, you know, dishes and et cetera. To wash clothes or to do laundry would be a different verb. It would be sin sin, theta sin, that could set a floor yoga. You got you got stairs. K1, K1, K1, wall. Kobe. Kobe. Air conditioner. Gone. Gone. Gone. Electric fan, sin poo poo poo tea, pillow, mock Cura, MAC, MAC coulda. Qi Chi De Zhi, Chi De sofa, sulfa, sofa, sofa, bookshelf, Honda, Honda, Honda. Washing machine, send that cookie. Cookie. Said that good. Dishwasher. Santa. Santa and I sat at a iron ironing void. I don't die. Don't die. Stove, stove, rubbish bin. Go, go, go, go, go me Baco, electricity or light. Dinky, Deng, Deng. And now let's lend some grammar or been poll. Today we will learn grammar, how to say, let's, let's do something in Japanese. It would be my show cup or my show. My show. Okay, let's take a look. So we wouldn't need word stem off our verb. Plus my Ashoka. Do you remember what our birds ten looks like. Let's take a look. So let's say we have our verb Tibet or to eat. The stem would be. And then we would need to add my soul or my show. So our result would be that BMI. So let's eat. Now we have to look to watch. Our stem would be meat. Meat. We add my show and then we have me, my show, me my Shaw, let's watch, or me my shock. Our next verb is narrow. Narrow to sleep. Our stem would be net. Next, we add my show and we have name ISO. Iso sleep. For all verbs. Let's take a look. We have our verb, Cuckoo. Cuckoo to write. Stem would be Cauchy. Cauchy. Then we would add my show and we would have cocky my. So let's write or cocky my, so then we have Jomo, young. Stem would be Yummy. Yummy. We would add my show and we would have Yomi my. So let's read. Then we have to buy a stem would be C90. Hi, plus my show, my saw, let's buy. Or yoga to swim stem would be o yogi or yogi plus my show or your schema. So let's swim. And now that we have analyzed our row and verbs, let's take a look at our two irregular verbs. So before we had suited to do so, we would have C, Michaud see my so let's do it. And could it come? It would become key, My saw, key, My saw. Let's come. So now it's practice time, our credential. And any time you will see a sentence in English in color blue on your screen and I'll ask you to translate it into Japanese. I will give you five seconds. If you feel like it's not enough time, feel free to pause the lesson as always and take as much time as you need. Okay, so now let's translate this. Let's watch me my show, me my saw. Very good. Let's translate this. Let's sing. Show. Very good. Let's play. Let's eat. Let's listen. Let's read. Yummy. Yummy myself. Let's go shop. So let's drink. Now me my show, me my Shaw. Let's swim. Or yogi my show. Let's meet. I saw sleep near my shop. Near my show. Yeah, but so hard and you have finished your 21st lesson of this course on metadata was IMS, and I'll see you in our next lesson. 23. The Bathroom: Mean assign Nihon logos say aka saw, Hello and welcome to another class. But this Japanese for pickiness cause this is a material C. And let's start off with reviewing what we have learned in our previous lesson. I will repeat every word twice. Let's go. Eeh, eeh, dido, dido, CTO, keep keep seeing. Since it's a sincere EMA. Ema, being good being good. Dining room dining. Offered all of that. I that I toys. Gain, can gain, can new, nuh-uh Sica Sica model, motto, then Joe, then joe dot k dot k, b, b or c. Or she could DO nasal co, co, Nagasaki. Now guys see, so g. So g setup. Sen duck asserted. You got your Cai Dan, Cai Dan. Con, con, send key. Key, MAC, MAC, sofa, sofa, Honda, Honda. Syntax. Syntax, cookie. Sita. Sita at i. I don't, I don't, I don't die. Die. Sudoku. Gummy Baco, go me Baco. Then Qi, Dang Qi. Now, very good job on your review and let's start our new topic. And our new topic is bathroom. Or as you already know, offered or offered or offer o. So now we will then vocabulary related to bathroom. Bathroom Sink would be Sen men die. Sin Men Di San Men Di Dao, Dao. Hairdryer, bath mat by somato bus, somato bus, Suma, toilet paper. Toilet, don't pay. So pay attention here we have a small tube and here we have prolonged pe, pe, mirror, gummy, gamete, body so body so the body so shampoo, Shen Bu shampoo, shampoo conditioner condition condition, condition to face. Hamming Geico, harming Geico. Had me got toothbrush. Buddha C. C. C. To brush me. Got me to brush teeth. How me got how mean GSC? How mean God, could bathroom scale to check your weight? K k k bathtub by suitable suitable double. And also it could be called offered as well, just like the bathroom, the Bath itself could be called UDL, shower. Shower to dash over oneself or to bathe in. So we will use this for saying that the take a shower, I'll be able to bid to take a shower. Shao. Shao, To take a bath. Offered a new hire. Pyro means to enter. So enter the bath means to take a bath offered or Nihon. And now let's lend some grammar. So our grandma for today is Kiara. Kiara data, which means because so we have a reason which goes first. So reason. So because of this reason, result, deaths, we have a result. Or instead of deaths, where could be any of a verb? So first of all, if we have Kinda up, but before it we have a verb. We have just simple verb plus Kiara. But if we have a noun in-between Kata and in-between noun, we have that. That same goes for not adjectives like keyed, a gain key, and et cetera. We need that in between Qatar and adjective. And for e, adjective is just like for the verb. We just add adjective plus cutoff. So for now an adjective we need that. And for a verb, an adjective we don't need that. And now let's take a look at some example sentences so you would understand it better. I'm a GOP photo camera, Danny, so she must say Amanda photo camera techniques. So she might say omega little carta de me. So she mass n. So omega photo, Do you remember what it means to rain Amanda photo, Kata because it's raining. Penny saw she must send ten is a tennis. She must send to not do something. So I will not play tennis because it is raining. Alright? So vise versa to English and English, we would have because and the reason here afterwards in the second part of the sentence. But in Japanese We have our reason in the first part of the sentence. Our next example is net Sugata, ADA kinda, see Guadagni net. So got out of Carrara, she got the key myosin net nets and means a fever nets are guided to have a fever. So net Sagar autocrat, because I have a fever, she got Dani schemas and Sugata means work or job. San will not go. So I will not go to work. Why? Because I have a fever. Very good. Build on those schemas. And we all kinda know seema said, Bill, k-means sick. And we need that here in between Miyazaki dukkha, the hub to exercise. And though she must send. So I will not exercise. Why? Because I am sick. Be Uchida Kiara. One more example. At say Kara model, I came my sta at say Keita model, I pay my staff. At same means hot. So because it's hot. Mondo, I came mashed. Miranda means window. I came my star opened. So I opened the window because it's hot at Suricata. And now let's review our vocabulary. Bathroom or fertile. Fertile, fertile. Send men Di San, men die. Here. But summa, bus, bus, somato, toy, toy, car, gummy car, gummy. Body, soil, body so shampoo, shampoo, conditioner, conditioned. How mean Geico harming Geico. How bird I see haberdasher. See me got good. Miga. How how K K bus bus Shao Shao Shao offered offered a new hire. You have worked so hard and you have finished another class with the Japanese cause for beginners. I made it toggles IMS, and I will see you in our next lesson, not dynamic. 24. The Supermarket: May not find Nihon logos, say August law, Hello and welcome to another class with this DEP needs for beginning scars as your teacher. And I'm so excited about today's class. But before we start, let's review what we have learned in a previous lesson. Let's do Fukushima. Fukushima. Let's go send men die, sin men die. And what I had so much. But Summa, DO toy, car guy me, guide me. Body, soul, body soap, shampoo, shampoo, conditioner, conditioned, Hamming, Jackie. Jackie called hubbard. I see happen. See me. God could mean God could. How, could, how could k by k? You're so good. So buh, buh. Sounds beautiful. Beautiful. Shao. Shao. Off of her runny, hey, great job interview. And today we will learn about the supermarket or in Japanese. So, so, so, so price in Japanese is nan dan. Nan dan. Dan. Or it can also be called C-A-T. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t, C-A-T. Discount in Japanese is called discount in Japanese is caught by the big key. Mckee. Now, if you see something like this written in Japan, it's UID bk. Ty the beekeeper. He widely would mean 10%. It's UID beacuse discount, so like off. So it's UID BQ and beat 10% off. If we have new IDB key, it would be 20% off. Now, 50% off would be hang up. Hang up, hang up. Because He1 means half. Sale would be saved. Se se io would be suitable to row, to row. Money would be 000. Cash gain king, again, king, again kin or cash? Cash. Cash card would be Colorado. Colorado. Colorado. Credit card would be could it could it could it staccato bag, Foucault. Foucault. Good. Oh, register. Z. Z card or trolley. Cogito, Cogito, Cogito, milk. And you knew you get new. So some of these words you have learned in the very, very first lessons of this course. But just so we would review it, okay, because we are talking about supermarket and what we are buying their soy milk would be new, new, new Elman milk. Mu two, mu two, Armando. Yogurt. Your good DO, DO, DO, DO good, DO. Butter. But, but, but Cream, cookie, cookie, alcohol, sack k. K, set k. But very often you will see it with all in front of it to make it sound more polite, like Osaka, Osaka. And also while in the West, when we hear the word saccade, we think of Japanese alcohol and particular in Japanese, Sackett just means alcohol in general. It doesn't mean, it doesn't mean the real Japanese socket. It just means alcohol. Rectangular shaped bread, coupon, coupon, coupon, wholegrain. Zen, Zen. Zen. Sugarland. Motto. Do, DO, gluten-free. Guru, ten footie, good foodie, wheat, monkey, monkey, ri, te ri Magee. Rice flour. Rice. This is uncooked rice. Brown rice. Again my, again, my, again my white rice. How cool my, my, my rise but doesn't have to be washed, must send my Muslim, my mucin, my meat, meat, chicken, pork. The technique, the technique, the technique could be good. Given, given good, land me, Ram money could could, could sound Lynn, psyche, sac, sac or salmon, salmon, salmon tuna, Margot. Margot. Good. Also it can be written in kanji and it can be written in katakana. Mangalore. Tofu TO fu, tofu, tofu. Japanese pickled vegetables like carrots and other vegetables like cucumbers. So camo came on the, came on sweets or snacks, or CASI or CASI or Kashi. Organic or gun, could, could garden, cook or you keep, you keep. So C0, C0, ceo, pepper or show, show, show oil, Abdullah, Abdullah, olive or all its already buh buh buh vinegar. So, so so TBI, Cao, Cao. How to pay higher, higher, higher out shopping, mano, Mano, Mano. Frozen food. Today show clean. A though Ashoka in nato show cuisine. Can food consummate, consummate, consummate household needs? The things that you need for your everyday life, for cleaning and et cetera. Nice, nice dairy products. New say he knew, say him, News saying. And another thing, apart from the supermarket that is very, very popular in Japan has 100 again, store is something like one dark, or it's something like $1 store or €1 store. It's called Qin. Qin checking. I highly recommend visiting one. And now what to expect when shopping in Japan. So these are some phrases that you might hear when you will be entering the store. The first one is euro Selima, say it, ashamed to say it, I say must say. And they will be like saying very, very loudly to like it. I say my say. It means well, another segment they might ask you and you'll be entering store is what are you looking for? Manual or Sega CD TSCA nine Neil or sagacity day TSCA, menu also said suddenly so when you ask something from them, they will say, CASI Kashi, my staff committee, my stack. And if you ask something from them and they kept waiting, they will say, Alma TSA does, she might step. I'll say dicey my staff on what they say that you respect. How do you like it or how is it? They would ask it like this. They wouldn't say door this guy. They would say, eat daga, daga, daga, daga, daga, daga da sky. Now, questions you might want to ask while shopping. So the first one is do you have something, something. So something law ID must caught something, Why are you must go? You could also say something got ID mascot. You might also want to ask where is something, where something, something, why do ID must come? Something? Docker ID must come. Now if one task so much is it, you would ask it like this. Quote, AOA could discard, discard Korea white, could I discard? Now if you want to take a look at something you can ask, meet them way, this guy meet them way discuss. So two-plus moiety discussed form that we have already learned. We can weigh the scar. And if you want to take something, you will say accordingly, schemas caught any schemas. Coordination WAS, I'll take this advocate is on my desk. You have worked so hard and I think now you can go shopping in Japan on the data was I must, and I'll see you in our next lesson. Martina. 25. The Kitchen: We now find the Holocaust a Alcazar. Hello and welcome to another class with this Japanese vertiginous cost. This is a degeneracy and let's get started. Let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Let's do our focus shoe. Let's go. So so Jan, Jan, Becky, Becky hang got hung up. Say pseudo or connect. Gang Qin. Gang Qin doh doh de, doh, doh de doh, doh, doh de doh. Doh U nu, nu, nu, nu. Mondo. Miracle. Your good though. Your good TO. But. But could shock ban. Show coupon, Zen. Zen. Motto, motto. Good. Then 30. Then 30 called muggy. And I'm I'm a comic called MCO. Call me call me again my, again, my again my how cool my HOCl, My must send my must send my 10K, 10K. Gain. Good 10K. 10k. Technique. Sac, sac, kay, salmon, salmon, mackerel, tofu, tofu, KML naught, gamma of IC or CASI, or gun could guide me. Could you keep you keep CO. CO CO show show Alberta. Alberta or so. So Cao, Cao had out no, they DO consummate, consummate. New saying, New, say hing. And now let's learn more about the kitchen. In Japanese we call kitchen di loco. Dido CTO. They look CTO or keep Sing. Sing. In katakana. Breakfast as sagwa han i sagwa han as sagwa han. Lens. Here to go. Hon. Here you go, Hon, hero, go have. Lunch. Can also be called or here, or here, or here, or ranked. In katakana. Dinner. Bongo, Han, bongo, Han Mongo, Han. Stove, subtle, electric microwave, then Seeding z, then see it N, z, then C, then D. Tableware, Schottky, key. So bold boarder, bow, plate, Sita, Sita 4444, sp2. And so and so and so Pune, 9999. Chopsticks. I see I see less good, AS good, as good as a cup. Cup poo, poo poo pot Nekhbet. Funny fact now, but can also be called a Japanese dish, which is cooked in the pot. And then you put a lot of vegetables inside and meet as well. It's similar to soup, but it's a different suite. My, my, my sour. So by, so, by, so by better. Ni Gei, Ni Gei, guy. Spicy or hot chi, chi, chi to cook, DOD sooner, to boil while casts a huacas to cut gear, to grill or to bake can also mean to cook. Yup. Yup. Yup. Cabinet. Kevin can mean counter, counter, counter, counter. Toaster. Taus dot those. Those rice cooker. So behind t, say hanky panky, frying pan, PAN, PAN, PAN, sponge. Suppose Sunday Supposing g sub point D to mix my Zara. Very good. To phrase. Cor, cor, cor to defrost chi, chi, chi, Djoser. Now it's practice time. Let's try to translate this sentence. I will mix vegetables. I will give you ten seconds to think about it. Okay, let's go. Yes. Yes. Yes, psi o miasmas. Very good. I will cut a tomato. Tomato. Tomato QED mass. I will cook or I will make food tonight. Kanban, combined mass. I will wash dishes, plates side our mass, Citeaux. And now let's review today's vocabulary. Dido quadro di Dakota Keating as Sacco Han, i sagwa han, hero, go here, or here, or here. Then T, then T. Bongo Han, mango Han, job, job density AND then seeding the show. Bold, bold, ball. Sara, Sara for full support. So I see I see. Good, as good as a cup poo, poo on my, my pi. By a guy named Guy. Already sutta annuity Sada. Yacco. Though. The column cone, tos, tos say hanky Pan, pan. So point D, so Bondi, Missouri or core chi chi AutoCad S on my this, yeah, I finished yet another lesson of this course, Omega Douglas IMS. And I will see you in our next lesson, matinee. 26. Clothes: I mean, often Nihon logos say orchestra. Hello and welcome to the lesson of this course. This is teacher to see, are you ready? Let's get started. So let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Key, key scene. Sagwa han i sagwa han, hero, go Hon, hero, go Hon. Rank. Rank t. Bongo han, byeong Guo Han, subtle job, Citeaux, density AND then sitting Z Schottky, Schottky, bode, bode, Sita, Sita for four. Suppose, suppose knife for high IC or high see. Good, as, good as a cup. Cup. My, my, so by so by Ni Gei Ni Gei La, La Casa. Yak, yak. Gambling. It can be knit. County, town. Toss. Toss, say hanky. Nan Bei, Pan, pan, my Zara. Core, core, phytophthora. Guy. Great job. And let's start a new topic which is close, or Foucault. Foucault, Foucault shared with B. So that's a t-shirt. T sat t sets, T sat, underwear. She tag the Taiji, stagy. Rouse, Rouse blouse, suit. Suit. Suit. So swimsuit, Neizha. Neizha, Neizha. Sweater, SETA. Say, say pajamas. By gamma, by gamma, by gamma, shoes, cuts, cuts, cuts, boots, boots, boots, boots, slippers. 30 by 30 by 30, beta hat, Bo Shi Bu Shi, Bo Shi. Belt better, DO better. A barrier coat, color coat. Or a shopping center can be more, more shopping center. So pingos Sendai to shop, C90 monel soda, glasses, may guy net, net, net. Dress. One piece, one piece, one piece. Or dot S, dot S. Scar. Mfa. Mfa. Mf, high heels, high. He had a high he high-heeled sandals. Some data some data. Son that sneakers, Sydney. Sydney. Sydney. Socks. Syste syste, ring, uvula. Uvula, uvula, neck tie, tie, neck, tie, neck, tie, necklace, net, net, net. Genes, genes, genes, genes. Skirt, staccato, staccato, staccato, shorts, Tan Pan, tampon, tampon, umbrella. Casa, casa. Casa. Great job. And now let's learn some vocabulary for wearing different clothes because we will have different verbs. Okay, so pay attention here. So we have a verb to wear clothes that cover your upper body and more so above your waist. And this word would be Q2. Q2. And this verb would be okay for clothes like sets. Jack kit o, ws, t sets k. Now we have to wear for a close vat cover your lower body and feet. Ha, ha, ha. So this would be okay for genes. Could stop. Boots, could sit to cover for items such as hats. Well, mostly hats. For boss. She for a hat. To hang, like accessories when hang glasses, sunglasses. Cara got care. May sound good us. Now to wrap around yourself closer that wrap around such scarves like MAC, MAC, MAC or Mathura. Now to tie like a belt or a neck tie would be see marrow, Si Shi Man, neck, ty or burrito. For items vet attach such as earrings are wigs, it wouldn't be secured care. So we have E adding hearings or PS piercings. Very good. Now, this is mostly for rings accessories that stick to your finger would be ha, ha, man, up ring. So what I wanted to save it. Before all of these verbs, we would use particle or okay. Or something, or something, or cuter. Something ought to care. And to do for things like gloves, earrings, necklaces as well. Pseudo, pseudo, sir. So for gloves like bucchero or Nicholas. Nicholas. Now there are different clothes sizes in Japan. So very small, medium, large. And they might be called sometimes like this. Show to die, show to die. Very good. Or size can also be called in a katakana away. Psi is the psi is psi is an S, M, L. So you would just make the English letter sound Japanese. And now these are useful phrases to know when shopping in Japan. Ti Gao size, UGA ID must see Gauss-Seidel ID Muskoka. Do you have a different size? Hole, annoyed Olga ID Muskoka. Oh. Do you have a different color? Also kinase on Mondays, you have worked so hard in, you have finished another listen. So omitted all the Zionists, and I will see you in our next lesson, multimedia. 27. Locations & Directions: The Holocaust say aka saw, Hello and welcome to you at 26 less than of the Japanese for Beginners cause this is a teacher z. And let's get started. Let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Foucault. Foucault sets the sets. The sets stagy, stagy suits, suits. So C, C by gamma, by gamma cuts, cuts, cuts, cuts, boots, boots. Saudi, Saudi. High here, high here. Bo Shi, Bu Shi. Do, DO, DO, DO more, more shopping. Shopping goods, Santa, tai Chi mono sorta, may make one piece, one piece, dollar S dot S. Mfa, MFA, some data, some data. Sunny sunny uvula. Uvula, Neck and Neck and Neck Odessa, neck coalesce genes. The genes. Oh. And been been casa Kazaa. And now today stopping is directions, but before landing directions, let's learn some names of locations. Okay, let's get started. Shop or store. Miss a, miss a miss a supermarket. Su su su building that demo. Demo. Demo or Birra. Birra. Birra in katakana train station. Bus stop, bus it day by day by day. Beach or Seaside. Amoebae. Amoebae. Amoebae or b t, B, C, B, C. Restaurant. It is. It is it is. Park, CO and CO and CO and library TO Ashoka. Ashoka. Cinema, a got con, con, con museum. Like historical museum. How qubits can have qubits can hackable, scan Art Museum. The digits can be just secan, widgets, can post office. You're being you're being given Kolkata Police Station. Been been been Hotel, hot hot hot. Japanese style hotel, con con con parking to said Joe. Joe to shot Joe. School, go, go, go, go, go, go. University. Digoxin. Digoxin, high-school, coal coal coal coal coal coal middle school to go to got to got go. Elementary School or primary school. Show show show, street, Missy road or Avenue, bank, gingko. Gingko, gingko. City Hall. C. C. C. Could show Hospital. B. O in your, in your right. My left. He daddy. Daddy. He daddy. Straight. Massu Massu. Massu. North, south, east, west, Missy Missy, Nessie, corner, cardo condo. Condo. Traffic light, single, single, single. Turn to cross the street. What arrow? What data? How could we ask where is something? Where is the? So here we need to put our location. Y daka, daka, daka, where is it? Something? Why doc Odessa? Very good. Now, if we would like to say I need to go to we would say are location me, it cannot K9 nowadays, cannot terawatt canine or this guy. So this is a very formal way to ask for where to go. You know, because Docker, the sky is very simple, but this one is very formal. Economic. There are, again, I know this guy. So for example here I wanna put bank gingko ni E cannot DOE. Again, I know this guy. Now another way to ask would be how do I go to? So let's say we put bang here. Gingko Ni GYN cornua, EQ Muskoka, gingko, Nineveh, Diyala, the key mascot, DOI at the how, how do I go there? Okay, so how do I say go straight? I would say it like this. Massu. Massu. Turn right. Turn left. He died. He died in the manga. To cross the street. Meaty or left side of the street would be he died. Iga1. Galois means side. Right side of the street would be Miguasha. Nietzsche, no ego. Now, if you want to tell directions to someone, this is the way to do it. You would use CUDA psi, psi, for example, turn left. We would say he dining maggot ticket ISI, he dining ticket ISI. Turn right would be making me Margaret decoder psi. Psi. So please turn right. Go straight would be Massu. Massu. It's on your right with be McKinney, ID mass. Mean gimme ID mass. It's on your left with B. He died. He died in the ID matches. Very good. Cross the street would sound like this. Michio, what that ticket as psi or psi, please cross the street. At soccer SMI days here have led a very important lesson about directions. So omitted dog assignments, and I will see you in our next lesson. Matinee. 28. Sports + Grammar: We now assign the Holocaust a yoga saw. Hello and welcome to the class with the Japanese for Beginners, cause this is the teacher Rosie, and I'm so excited about today's lesson, because today we will talk about sports, as you can see from the pictures on your screen. But before that, let's do our Fukushima, our review. Okay, let's go missing missing Sue. So they will not be it to be a key Bassett day by day. Amoebae, amoebae b t, b t. That is CO and CO and partial con, con, con hackable. Hacker can digits can be git. So can you being killed? Coben HOTAIR. Hotair. Can can said Joe. Said Joe got daga. Daga, to go, go, go, go, go, go. So I'm gonna go Coco. Coco. Though. Eddie, though the gingko, gingko. Bow in. Knowing me. Daddy, daddy must, must. Keep that. Keep me, me, me. Nice guy. See key guy, see single, single data. What data? Data. Analyse tiny lesson which is all about spots or supports, supports, supports. Very good baseball in Japanese with be Yik, Yak Q Q soccer, Saqqara. Sac, sac football for double, for toggle, toggle or however in Japan, the fast one, subcu is more popular. Basketball can be set in two different ways. The first one is this one, bus bus get toward Boston. And the second one is bus. Bus. Bus, bus, Baskin, Gulf, God of God. Go, ooh. Ice hockey also can be set in two different ways. Pass when is hot k, k, k. And the second one is I. So hotkey, iso, iso hockey, volleyball by de Boer, variable by the board or body, by the, by the pool, pool, pool, pool. Gymnasium. Tie dye could come. Pi, net ci, ci, Ci. Like a football match and basketball match. Ball, board, board, board net. I'm me. I'm me. I'm me. To practice, to practice it, et cetera, et cetera. And then to win cuts, cuts, cuts. To lose. Mc, Mike, Mike ghetto. To kick Canada. Canada to fro. Night. Good. Again. So in Japanese, when we're talking about sports, we don't say play sports, we say do sports and then an English we translated as to play sports. So we wouldn't say a sober, which actually means to play. We would do it like this. We would say the name of the sport, then particle or and then so too do k, for example, tennis, tennis, so sorta ten, e, So n, et cetera. Then he saw Soda. Ten, he saw certain play tennis. Sat tau goes to play soccer circuit TO borrow sutta bus circuit, double row sir, to play basketball. Very good. Now for wrench 2v or practice, we usually done US O, but sometimes you can see people using it. It wouldn't be just, it would just be an answer. Now let's learn some grandma for today. So it's Stef form for joining sentences, psi Nova, we have learned that form for verbs, however, adjectives and nouns apparently also have farms. So let's take a look at how it would look like. So for adjectives, we would need to add ending. Could, they? Could there? For not adjectives, we would just need to add the four irregular adjectives, E, Good. We would just change it into yuck. Yuck there. We write it as E You could there. Well we see octane. And for nouns we would also add there, just like for not adjectives. Okay, let's take a look. So let's see we have an adjective. Cute. Now, we would take away the last E. And instead of the less IV, we would add Could there, there? There. Okay, takeaway less II at, Could there. Now for not adjective, let's see, we have adjective kinky, energetic, lively. We would just add the gain, gain Td. And regular adjective e would just change into yoke there, yoke there. And if we have a noun like Italian person, it tidy a Qian direction, we would just add that at the end. It tidy ads in the very good. So they're formed from joining sentences for adjectives. So we have four adjectives. Let's take a look at them one by one. The first one is summary. Somali called. If we take away the less 0s, we have some, some left, okay? To some more, we need to add Could there. So our result would be some look there, some MOOC, they're very good. Now, our second adjective is cute. If we take away the less 0s we have left, but we add Could there and we have the egg there. Now we have yes, say yes, say cheap. If we take away ie we have yes. So yes. So left. Two, yes. So we add Could there and we have suck. They're stuck there. And for taka expensive or tall, we have and we add Could there. So we have to cock, cock their easy re. Very good. Now for are not adjectives is even easier. You don't need to take away anything, you just need to add that. Ok. So we have here a, which means beautiful, and we add there. So we have then we have key to hate plus their key right here. I then the, then the, then Liddy. Convenient, comfortable. We add there we have mainly the bend. And last one, Shizuoka quiet. We add there we have Shizuoka, the scissor cut. So here we don't need to think at all if we know how to distinguish the adjective from my adjective, and if we know it's an adjective, we just add there for connecting sentences, ok. For nouns is the same as for not adjectives. We only need to add that. So let's take a look at the first word, sensei, sensei, teacher. We add there, we will have sensei. Sensei. The second word is ISA. Isa, doctor. We add there we have it shed the shed the perfect GSC, say guck, say student, we add there we have got say that GSC say that unless one is Nihon Jing, Nihon Xin Japanese person, there would be Nihon Jin De Ni haunting debt. Now let's take a look at some example sentences. Why do we need the connectors? Because when we need to connect the sentences where we have two adjectives or adjective and a noun, we need to connect them so we use the Stef form. Let's read the sentence. Kono hot. Yes, look. This kono hon. Ha yes. Took the this this hotel is cheap and not clean or and mud Beautiful. Okay. Or no core and law here. Ok, the shes a goddess, no Coie and why here OK, the Shizuoka DES, that part is spacious or wide and quiet Shizuoka this, so here, OK. See Zika, this very good. Voronoi go Tok the OCI, this Colonus at or Anwar Sudoku Tok the OECD's. This restaurant is extremely expensive and delicious. So go kmeans like are expensive. Very, very, very something. Tokyo. Qadis, Tokyo. Media codecs. Tokyo is beautiful and lively. cook cuisine day needs to go psi, this annoys dot-com caucus in the need to go scientists. That person is Korean and he or she is 25-years old. Okay, so Congo, couldn't we have a noun? So we need the John song, Sega cock, the colloquy, this John somewhat Sega cock the query this John is tall and cool, so Sega would change into tuck their cool. Another example. Hamas somewhat. Yes, I see this. Handled somewhat. Yes, I see this. Hannah is beautiful. So not adjective. Yes, I see this n times. And then you got the chemo t, this thanking guy, OK, the commodity, this. So the weather is good. Yoke there. This is a regular adjective II which changes into yolk their key mod t. This is like a nice feeling, good feeling. Now, let's try to practice its practice time. At any time, Let's try to translate this sentence and many more sentences. I will give you ten seconds to translate each. Okay, let's go. So my mom is quiet and beautiful. Hahaha season. This season. This Shizuoka quiet is not adjective so we add there and then Qi De This. We don't change the second adjective at all. My dad, stall and handsome. See, gotta cock the Kamen, this TTY Sugata cock the Kamen. This Kamen is handsome for men, if you can remember. Very good. I am short enqueued. Sega, he cook the Sega, he cook this cigar he claiming short. So we changes into heat, cook there because it's adjective. My Japanese teacher is strict and scary. Strict in Japanese is key bc, bc E adjective. What does this, what does C. Lonnie Hongo nothin CEO, QBasic. This. So what does she not my Japanese teacher teaching Japanese language Nihon will not sensitive. So what S4 teacher Japanese language to be strict and scary, coined this. The libraries began quiet. Common law, or they see today's Deutsche Telekom, or kick the Caesar qadis of t is e adjective for big. So it changes into Arctic, the auto kinase Amadeus, Mozart and finished yet one more or less than o is Japanese for Beginners course. Or metadata was IMS. And I will see you in our next lesson, matinee. 29. Grammar: TEIRU; STEM+NI+IKU: We must sign the Holocaust sale GSA. Hello and welcome to another class. But this Japanese for Beginners, cause this is your teacher or z. And I'm so excited about today's lesson because we will learn a lot of new grammar today. So without further ado, let's get into it. Let's review what we have learned in our previous lesson. Yak. Yak. Q sub set, foot, topple, foot, toe board, bus, Goteborg bus, get double bass scale. By scale. Goal. Hope k, k, k, k. Variable, variable. By the, by the poor. Can click-on ci, ci, bore, bore. Umami. Umami. My, my carer. Great job. And they will learn just a few new words. Okay, so the first one is movie. A guy, a guy, a guy to get married. K, k, k, consider to be crowded, to be packed column, come come to carry or to have something. To lose weight? Yes. Yes. Yes, Sarah, to gain weight for for for outdoor. Music on GSC. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. Video games. Video game, video game. Great job. Ok, so today's grammar or been pole will be paid a data and verb stem plus 10x, verb stem plus 10k. So let's start with David. Why do we use it and why do we need in general and what does it express? So I separated for different parts of that place in grammar suffice it can play a part of progressive tense. So what I'm currently doing, the second one can be continuous, that I have been doing something. Ok. I have been doing something for a period of time, then frequent actions and it might be condition or state of the subject. For example, if someone is married, it's like a continuous state, it's a condition, so we would use to you, okay. So now how do we make theater? So basically we need that form of the verb and then we add Euro. Okay, so if we have the verb to eat, debater terraform would be tab2. Tab. So then we would add ER and we would have Tibet. Tibet there. That would be our Taylor form, continuous form for your mom to read form would be beyond the yonder. So then we would add era and we would have Yandi, Yan De Er to write Kaku. Teff form would be Keita. So we would add ER and we would have chi, chi, debate Yandi criteria. Now for two irregular verbs, sorrow and quota, pseudo would change into stator, stator, m, quota would change into data. Data, so sterile and data. Let's take a look. So we would have a formative negative President past. Okay? So affirmative present tense would be midday must meet the mass. Remember meter means to look, meet the form, retain mass. So its president affirmative, midday much past affirmative. Negative would be midday must maintain my San and pass negative would be midday must send this data. Midday must send this. So please remember these endings so they will be very useful for making sentences and conjugating. Okay? So midday MAS, midday my stamp, midday MYCIN, midday my send this stuff. So let's take a look at the sentence so we would figure out when do we use it. So i sagwa han or debate data as sagwa han or Tibet data. So eating breakfast now, sagwa han, not tablet Theatre and the process of eating right now, yes, very good. K Or we can say Hero Goal and or Tibet, Amos, hero go Hamlet, diabetic, eating lunch now, but we've, we use tame us meditator. It would be more formal tail. You can use among your friends. By mass is a bit more formal. Han or Yandi mass home or Yandi lemmas. I am reading a book now, home or Yuan De mass k. And now if I want to say that I have been doing something for a period of time, this would be a very good example. Meaning can Nihon law being joe stay MAS, meaning new humble Being crusty mus N, two years period of time. So for a period of two years, Nihon law, Japanese language being your study. So being pure pseudo would change into stator. Being cached theatre. So being coached, Amos had been studying. So I had been studying Japanese for two years. Two years. Meaning come. Now if we're talking about habits, what we're doing every day for you sample minus the mass, minus the mass. Then we can use also. Then we can also use theta form minus G every day, a Go movie, iWatch. So I'm much movies every day. Or for a state or condition as I have mentioned before, Tanaka San NWA cohen stay mass. Tanaka son what can stay mass? So Mr. Tanaka is married, K crunched Amos model got ITA mass, myDog ITA mass. So I take it to be open, so the windows open or has been left open by someone. So then we would say model got ITA mass, Tokyo, SQR dot demo Quan De mass, dog dot demo Quan De must. Tokyo train station is very crowded, so it's its condition. It's very crowded right now. Okay, now we have some verbs with which the air is very often used. Okay? So our first verb is key to where above your waist and the close above your waist. So if you're talking about wearing something, so like out today, I'm wearing a t-shirt or a hoodie, whatever. You wouldn't use Schemas you'd use to tame us. They must. You would use tailored or form of this verb. Okay? So it means wears. Now we have another verb, Sumo, Sumo to live somewhere. So let's say someone asks you, Where do you live? You wouldn't say semi mass. You would reply by Sunday mass because you are continuously living there. Sunday mass, for example, talk, you're nice and Amos, I live in Tokyo. Now to have, if you're talking about having something you would use not more CI mass because what she must would sound like you're carrying something. Mot de mass would sound like you have something. Now another verb, photographer to gain weight. If someone is overweight, you would say for Tata a mass. For mass, again, take you to form. Yes, Sarah, to lose weight. So if someone is very thin or you could say yes, say the mass, yes, it the mass. So we would use terraform. Now shifted to know Scherer. So if someone knows something, we would say Stay must, stay mus. Even if we would want to ask something, do you know? We would ask they must they must come. So day 0, day Muscat. And Akira to wake up, to get up. If you're talking about some, that someone is a way you would say, oh, the mass or the mass octane. Again, continuous form. So these ones will be very often used with Taylor. Now it's practice time. I will ask your question. Nine-year-old, stay Muskoka, 90 or stay Moscow, what are you doing? And you'll need to translate what you can see here in black. Okay? So I will give you ten seconds for each question. And if you feel like you need more time, feel free to pause the lesson. Okay, let's go. So how would you translate and swimming? Or your AD mass? Oil a day mass on reading. Yuan De mass. Yuan De images. Very good. I'm drinking. Non-famous mandamus, perfect. I'm sleeping. Net Amos, net dilemmas. I'm listening to music on GSC, t, t mass, on the mass. I'm taking a photo session, or a mass, or a mass. I'm singing. But that, the mass of that day, MAS, I'm playing tennis. Tennis. So stay mass. Ten he saw stay mass. I'm playing video games. Video game or stay must be D0 Gamow stay Amos, Very good. Okay, so a second RAM for today is to go to do something and it's verb stem plus NICU. So its movement and it's bad. So let's say we want to say to go to eat. We would say tabbing 100K. So we need verb stem for tabby amass word stem would be tabs and tab. It would be purpose of our movement. So why are we going somewhere in general? Because we want to eat, yes, we will eat. So this is our purpose. So tabbing n0 equal. Let's take a look at some examples. Schemas. Tabbing Iike mass. I will go to eat carbon or C90 key mass carbon or Chi De mass. I will go to buy a bag. So by me, tomato, C90 schemas serve by ni, tomato k0 t mass. I will go to the supermarket to buy tomatoes. So pay me. Bangor being Joshi Neechi mass, Survey NIS Spain law being Jewish in Neechi mass. I will go to Spain to study Spanish. So I will go somewhere to do something TO show Connie Haan or Jominy schemas. Ashoka Ni Han or Jominy Neechi mass. I will go to the library to read a book. Coughing, cohere, nominee schemas, Cafe Annie, call your nominee schemas. So I will go to the cafe to have coffee, to drink coffee. Now, it's practice time at ensue timer. Let's try to translate the sentences in bike. I'll give you ten seconds. Ok? So try to translate this. I will go to swim. Or your schemas or yogi Ni Qi months, very good. Or yogi is our stem, perfect. I will go to eat tabby Neechi months database schemas. Very good. I will go to study Japanese. My home girl being Qia Shi Ni schemas, Nihon law being Joshi, Neechi mass. So she mass, the stem would be C. C. That's why we say bank your Shi Ni Qi mass. I will go to meet, to meet someone. I, Iike mass, Iyy mass. I will go to exercise on those schemas. Under shinny schemas, perfect. I will get to see a movie. A though, mini schemas, a ego mini schemas. Amazingly good at forget is that my days? Yeah, oh, it's so hard and you have finished yet, nevertheless, full of grammar. So now you will be able to say more things freely. Omitted. August said, I'll see you in our next lesson. Matinee. 30. Grammar: MADA TEIMASEN; SHORT FORMS: Nima assigned Niang logos, say orchestra, Hello and welcome here, 29th lesson of the Japanese for beginners costs this is ye teacher Azi, and let's get started. So let's review our words from the last lesson. Consider k, consider column, column Motes. Yes, Sarah. Yes, Sarah. Door, door, omega. Omega could be deal game, video game. Good job. And now let's learn even more grammar. Boone Paul Saturdays grammars called Masada San, Masada pay mass n. So in our last lesson we learn Taylor, Taylor form. So tame us. N is the negative form of the thing we have learned in our last lesson. Mother means yet or still serve as Grandma will be called, have not done something yet. Mother pay Mohsen. So what we will need here, we will need our verb in its Steph form with NI or emus en. So teh in i or j minus n, j and i is informal, TA, TA, my sentence formal and TMI skipping e would be in spoken language. Ok, so let's say we have public debate or to eat Tibetans form. So nine, in formal debate, the Mohsen formal debate deny spoken, have not done so, haven't eaten yet. Let's take a look at some examples. How a modern day my saying, how, how modern day must send my mom still hasn't come. So how Hartman murder still yet? Wouldn't be continuous form to come, but keep the myosin would be continuous form negative. Okay, so how our model still has income, Kanji or avoid Dima saying at that I see Kanzi or avoid the Mustang. I still haven't memorized the new Kanji at that I see continue county model still yet. Oh boy, to memorize. So avoid Dima San. I still haven't memorized the new Kanji. Madame saying, man, that key, Matt Damon, send my document Dima sense. So key measure to decide. Committee Mohsen, I haven't decided yet. My database schemas and Madame debate Dima saying, I haven't eaten yet. Madder and madder, octamer. I haven't woken up yet because of cuter means to get up, to wake up. Octane Mohsen, I haven't done it yet, so I haven't woken up yet. And now it's time to practice time. Let's translate the sentences in blue. I'll give you ten seconds. How would you translate this? Haven't read that book yet. On Lohan or Masada, Yuan De Mohsen, and on all modern Yuan De Ma San Juan, that book, my dad, not yet. Yandi, my sense I haven't read that book yet. Haven't memorized the new words yet. Avoid the mass n. At that I see dangle, oh boy, the mass n. Very good. I haven't finished my homework yet. Or they might say, they must send. So as you can see, my dot can go before the verb, or it can go at the very beginning of the sentence. Or at the most n or sukha diode model, or what they might say. My anger wherever hasn't clean his room yet. Hail, storage, stay mass and sewage stay Mohsen. My friend hasn't eaten breakfast yet. Thomas. I sagwa han, all the 1.So tablet Dima San. Haven't finished work yet. She Goto or Dima sin, mother Chicago or San Reagan. Now. And never part of grammar, but we will meet the Land Day is short forms. And we have short forms, verbs, nouns and adjectives, and an adjective. We have short forms for I, for adjectives and for not adjectives. Ok, so let's start off with rule verbs. Okay? So I'll first rover would be Tibet or to eat. So the short form affirmative would be Tibet. Tibet or so this is the basic form of the verb that we know, okay? So it's very easy to know the short affirmative form because it's the basic form. Now the short negative would be taking away the rule and adding nine. So it would be TAB NI. Nih is the short negative form. And the long farms you already know Tab a, amass Dubay mass n. So today we need to learn the short form. So n for all ru verbs like narrow to sleep, mirror to look, we will just take away rule at NIH and it will be our short negative form, okay? For all verbs, a bit different. So we have Kaku, cockatoo, right? So the negative form will become a 99. So we had Kaku, It will be Kakar nine. So here we have core, so it's K line. So we will need the K lines, k with a, OK. So if we have KU, we need cup. So it would be cuckoo for sagas, sagacity to look forward to search ends. And so same thing we need S from S line with an a. So it would be some saga Sahni, saga samurai would be negative form, short negative form, Stack gases that GSA NIH. Now we all know Yolngu to read. So we have m lines, so we need em with a need ma. So it will be your mom, my Yo Yo, Yo Ma, short negative form. So this is t line. So, so we need T with an a. So it would be tough tonight. Tonight. Negative form. That's data. Are Matsuda have to hold more tonight. Very good. Signal to die ends in no, so n line N with a would be not. So Xi Zai, Shi Na Nie. Very good. Oh, verbs that end in rule-like co-editor to return, to comeback. So our line are together with a very good now or yoga or yogurt to swim, go, go. So we need good, good. This G sound together with so or your gun NIH, or yoga, or very good or yoga oil than I would be negative short form. Now a sobel. So but to play, to have fun services, but B, So need be together with a. So it's bah, bah, so, uh, so bonsai, uh, so by nine, so by NIH. Ok, so now guys, I wrote a little note. So we have here that 00 will always change into R. So if we have KU, we will take away all and it will always be caught. Caught. We have so always be Sa, Ma, et cetera. Okay? And if we have good tau, tau to sing, this will be an exception. So all will change into Hua. Wow, so it will be o tau one I would, I had cout to buy. It would be ca1, my ca1 I. This is an exception, so please memorize this. Okay. Now for our two irregular depths, sudo and Cura, pseudo fares to do, sudo would be short affirmative, short negative would be Shi Nei, Shi Nei Satoshi NIH. And for quarter two km quota would be Kornai. So it changes into coal, coal short affirmative, Kornai, short negative. And there's one exception. So we have arrow, arrow to be adding mass ID my sin. So short form for R0 would be 99. Please memorize it. Okay, Arrow, short form negative would be 99. Now let's practice. Try to make the negative short form of this verb. I will give you ten seconds. Okay? So what would be the negative short form of Kaku? It would be very good. Short form, negative of Hamas. Hamas. Hannah sunlight. Sunlight. Very good. Very good. Signal. She now my perfect. Jomo. Jomo. 20d. Your money. Your money. So so could it make your yoga? You abandon your bonsai? Cao. Cao. And so we have lead shorter forms of burbs analysis, learn short forms of nouns. So we have our noun, GSC, say guck, say student. So long form has been galaxy, this duck say this, or GSC Stage III. This duck say Jan I, this is a student, is a student. Now for short forms for GGAC, say instead of this we will have data, GSC CEDAW. Gsc CEDAW. This will be our short form. And short negative will be galaxy Gemini, galaxy JNI, GSC say that Galaxy, Galaxy, Galaxy GI. So for any noun that you can imagine, you just put it down here and add, put a nine here and add Jenae. And this is your short form. Okay? For adjectives, however, like Delicious, we had long forms like this or this, or this end tonight. This is the short form would be just without anything or you see, that's it. And sort form negative will be cunei. Cunei. So we just dropped this. So OBC and Kanai. And this is valid for all e adjectives. Ok. Now for not adjectives, it's very similar to nouns. Long form. We had gained key this nginx hegemony, this for short form, we will just add that in July. So Gang, Gang, Gang, Gang, Gang Cai. And it's valid for all not adjectives. Now let's practice, try to make a negative short form of v's words, but you will see in yellow, OK, I will give you five seconds. Let's go. So negative short form of a saga C is sagas, NIH is sagas nine. Very good negative form of chi, chi, chi, chi, chi, chi, very good negative form of Mankiw. Now GAE NACA cunei, cunei, negative form of DNA, negative form of Shizuoka. See Zika. She's sees the negative form of gain key, hanky, panky, Gemini, nine. Negative form of sensei. Sensei. Since they die, senses are nine. Negative form. Haunting Nihon Qian. Ni haunting JNI. Very good. Now let's try to make an affirmative short form of a saga C. Let's go. Yes, it would be the same. It would be a saga IC we don't need to add anything for adjectives. Ok, so for me, yes, and here as well, we don't need to add anything. It stays the same. No guy also stays the same. Very good. That dot. Because this is my adjective. Sees the season. Season. Because this is also my adjective. Hanky, panky dot. Very good. Sensei, sensei, sensei that sensitive that because this is a noun, Nihon Jin, Nihon Jin Nissan's in that because this is also a noun. Someone is, he did a very, very good job and you have worked so hard on May the togas diamonds. Congratulations, and I will see you in our next lesson. Mata net. 31. Grammar: KARA-MADE; TO OMOIMASU: We now assign me home bacause, say arpa saw. Hello and welcome to a lesson of this Japanese for making this cause. This is you teach, you're gonna see and today we will learn a lot of new grammar. So let's get into it. So our first Boone bowl or grammar is from two until. So Kata, my day, my day. So we use this grandma when we're talking about going, let's say from point a to point B or when we're talking about time from 07:00 AM, five PM, and et cetera. Okay, so let's take a look at our first example. B. From point a to point B, from a to B. So instead of point a or point B, we would put names of locations, right? Let's take a look at some examples. Ea cata, cata, cata, DO show card Monday, Iraqi mashed up. So cut-off from home though Chaconne Monday to the library until the library. Iraqi much to walk. So I walked from home to the library, though Ashoka, my day. So here we put name and location in here as well. Very good. And autarky, my stem is the past tense of the verb article. I record to go on foot. Very good. I stammered the banjo schemas. Kino Kara, I start my day being Koshi mass. So it's kinda hard translating this one. Kino Qur'an means from yesterday, I stammered it until tomorrow. Banco Seamus, I will study. So we could say I have been studying from yesterday and I will also study tomorrow. So it's kinda hard to translate, but it means that I will study from yesterday until tomorrow. Very good. As Saqqara, they had that icky mass as Saqqara, us as Saqqara from morning, Yoda, my day until evening hat that I came AS will work or work. So I will work from morning until evening. Donald good ICA, Karima, SGA, cocoa, Kara key. Monday, Donald good. Ica Kadima TSCA. Cocoa means here. Koko Kiara, from here, Tokyo, Tokyo, Tokyo Station, Tokyo train station, Madame. So from here to Tokyo Station, Danone, good. I how much? Kulkarni, Moscow. So how long does it take? How much time does it take to get from here to Tokyo Station? Coco Kiara told Donald, Good, I must go. Perfect. Yahtzee ma, the mass to Jakarta, your Jima data, right? They must Cara from one o'clock, Yahtzee my day until four o'clock. Had that IT must we have tailored with continuous form. So I work continuously. So it's like a habit. I do it every day. So I work from one to four o'clock. And remember that your G is your not yawn your G particle. Ok, very good. Now a second grammar for today is mass. Mass en masse. But they must. So annoying must means, I think when we are expressing our opinions and tow ETA must means someone said that. So how do we use sewing? A basic form of the verb? So like pseudo, Jomo Kaku plus tow, annoying mass or thought, they must stop. Though it is a past tense and admin's said that. So someone said that. They said that. Okay. So annoying mass I think in tow it day my staff, someone said vat, it's like indirect speech. So basic form of the verb plus vz. Well, if we're talking about adjective also, we would use the adjective like mosaic IC and we would add DO moiety mass. Or the image that I wanted to say, I think it's difficult. I would say no Zika, she must bazooka sheet or mass. Or someone said that it is difficult mesocosm, day mashed up. However, if we're talking about not adjectives in-between than not adjective or a noun. And total mass or tow it the image that we need to add the in-between them. So let's see. We have an adjective key, they beautiful, QA that dorm or you must Qi De that though more UMass, I think something is beautiful. Now if someone said that something is beautiful, we would say qij dot, dot, dot, dot my step. Or if we have a noun, let's say a Japanese person, Nihon Jin, Nihon gene. So then we would say Nihon gene that DO moiety mass Nihon gene that Domo UMass, I think someone is Japanese. Very good. Now example sentences. I think it's difficult. Musical mus, mus. So because this is e adjective meso Kashi, in-between the adjective. Total annoying must we don't need to add anything. So just plain adjective and Tom Boyd was very good. Now, if we have not adjective, it's different like Tai Hen hard, something is hard. Di Hen Hao Di Hen Dato mass. I think it's hard for you, you know, talking about life or something. So when we have not adjective, we need to add that. Annoy tawa, Nihon jsonData. Nihon Jin Dato my mass. Unlike Dava, that person, that person. So I think that person is Japanese. So because Japanese is a noun, Nihon gene in-between Nihon gin and tomboy mass. We also need to add that. Very good. I step America Furtado meu images. Stop. Amanda food at Domo UMass. I think it will rain tomorrow. So because this is just a simple verb, we need this basic plain form and then tomboy, you must. We don't need that. Very good. Now, it can also be used with negative forms. For example, Takashi Samoa, salon IDO, moiety Mazu. She sang Watson B19. C19 means doesn't smoke. So I think that cache, it doesn't smoke by cash. Somewhat similar tonight or you can also say tobacco. So a little more UMass. That case some law, I stop, tastes a dog. That gets you somewhere. I start this dog guided day. My staff, Takeshi son. So Takashi son. The Kashi, said that tomorrow there is a test. I start this dog. I start this dog. Takashi said that there'll be a test tomorrow. Nihon knee it could stop. Re-issued Nihon Ni De Mai. Stop. So here because we don't see who's talking. I didn't write a translation. So someone said that I should next week, Nihon ICA will go to Japan. So someone said that they will go to Japan. We don't know who. So I didn't translated here. We're just stating in direct speech. Or they might stop. Ic. Ic means delicious. So someone said, something is delicious, or my step. So lets save as three of you hanging out. You and your two friends, and two of your friends can speak Japanese and one can't. You are translating and you say, the peasant says, oh, it's delicious in English and then you would translate it day my step. He or she said that it's delicious. Though. She's Tokyo. Tokyo. She's a, is not quiet though. So someone said that Tokyo is not quiet. Now it's practice time. So I want you to translate some sentences. I will give you ten seconds for translating them. Okay, so let's translate this. I think the caching cooks often. Takashi sound law suit at Domo us that gassy sangha yoke suited domain was. So you'll glow means often DOD pseudo. Cook to cook. Don't worry, Maasai thing Takashi cooks often. I think Takeshi is not tall. That gassy sangha, Sega mus, Ghanaian wine was Sega Tai Chi would be tall, say Gattaca colonized negative form of tall, so not Paul. So I think the caches not tall. I think I guess she doesn't drink tea much. Dasa, let's try this one. That gets, you saw a mighty ortho normal Night was a muddy mess. I'm mighty means not much. If you can remember all frequency adverbs or champions, tea and Lamanai is negative short form of to drink. So this is our answer. Let's try next one. I think that caches quiet. That guess you saw Shizuoka dot, dot. That gives you saw us. So because she's a quiet is not adjective, we need to add that. Very good. Next one, I think that kitschy hate sushi. The Casey somewhat. Sushi got, Amos, Casey, Sandlot sushi like Kenai that don't why you must. So because JNI, to hate or to dislike is an adjective and it's not adjective. We need to add that in-between. And when we're talking about liking something or hating something like ski or we need to use particle got. Very good. I think that cache is very busy. Let's go. The Kesey Sandlot is sagacity dealloying mus, that gassy Salmonella E saga she doorway mus is Saga, she is E adjective. So we didn't eat. So we don't need to add anything in between. So mushy and told us, I think that guess she has a younger sister. Let's go. The Casey sour, immortal sang diluted, Don't Worry, must Buzkashi, sunlight, emo Dawson guy. So Immortal Museum, the system. You're talking about your family. If you're talking about someone else family, you need to make it more polite. So Immortal sang immortal San and to have, when we're talking about family members is someone got era. Very good. I think that Casey I think the caches Japanese. Lets go back. Guess you Sandlot Nihon months that Casey somewhat Nihon gene that Domo, you must. Nihon gin is Japanese and it's a noun sin between Nihon gin and DOM or images. We need to add that. Okay? That gives you said that there is a test tomorrow or there will be a test tomorrow. Kay, let's translate this one. That Kesey Sama, I start tested dogs. That gets you some lab tests. It Delgado. Very good. Amadeus. Yeah, well, it's so hard and you have finished yet 30 if less than of this cos omega dot was ionList. And I will see you in our next lesson. 32. Last Words: Congratulations, you did it. I'm so proud of you are making it through this entire course. What an accomplishment. I hope that you have learned everything what we learned in this bigness course and you're ready to learn even more. If you have any questions, feel free to ask us a question in this discussion and I will try to answer those questions as soon as possible. And if you don't have any questions, but you wanna let us know what you thought of the course. Feel free to leave us a review because it means so much to us. We can improve the scores even more for our students and we can improve our upcoming courses for you. Thank you so much for joining me in this beginners course, and I hope to see you in our next ones. And until then.