Complete German A1 Beginner's Guide | Tom Schöntaube | Skillshare

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Complete German A1 Beginner's Guide

teacher avatar Tom Schöntaube

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Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

27 Lessons (3h 55m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Alphabet

    • 3. Zahlen 0-10

    • 4. Begrüßung - Greetings

    • 5. Zahlen 11-100

    • 6. Wichtige Verben - Important Verbs

    • 7. Familie

    • 8. Trennbare Verben - Separable Verbs

    • 9. Present Perfect

    • 10. Supermarkt

    • 11. Restaurant

    • 12. Nominativ

    • 13. Akkusativ

    • 14. Küche - kitchen

    • 15. Wohnen - living

    • 16. Akkusativ Präpositionen

    • 17. Dativ

    • 18. Plural

    • 19. Konjunktionen

    • 20. Dativ Präpositionen

    • 21. Hobbys

    • 22. Modal Verben

    • 23. Uhrzeit

    • 24. Possessive Pronouns

    • 25. Arbeiten und Lernen

    • 26. Fragen - Questions

    • 27. Zahlen über 100

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1. Introduction: Hi, I am Tom and I am your German teacher. This is the ultimate beginner's guide to get your german up to speed. What can you expect from this course? I will teach you the fundamentals of the German grammar, vocabulary and sentence structure, but I'm not gonna do that in a textbook type way. I will teach you German for real life situations such as what to say in a supermarket, what to say in a restaurant or at work. And while I give you those lessons, I will integrate the grandma pointers and vocabulary. So if you're at the beginning of your journey to learn German, or you want to brush up on the basics of the German language, then this course is perfect for you. Together with the well-curated video lessons, you will also receive quizzes to really cement your learnings. So if you want to learn German in a fun and structured way, then enroll in my course and start learning German with me. 2. Alphabet: Hello and welcome to the first lesson, the alphabet. I think the alphabet is really important for you to start with the German language so that you can spell words correctly and also that you can kind of like say words correctly. It's really important to kick off with what I think we should start before we look in the alphabet as just quickly get a sense of the German articulates. Yes, the German articles will be with you till the end of time. It's quite difficult in German to figure out the different genders or like why a noun has a certain gender. There are some rules, but in general, it's not that easy. However, over time, you will learn and you will get better at that. So here we have on the left-hand side, the definite articles and on the right-hand side, the indefinite articles. What does that mean? So verb in English would be a definite article like the book. So I read the book, ich das Bu, and so does here would be the German article, however, an indefinite article. It's a something like I read a book. Yeah. So that's where the definite like this definitely this book or indefinite like not, not a specific one. This is where it comes from. Okay, so in German, we have Dia de, does, there is masculine, feminine does neutral. Then we have iIn for the indefinite article, masculine, I inner, fewer, feminine for feminine, and then I, again for neutral. And then there's plural as well. But we can look into that another time. Cool. All right, let's start with the first letter of the alphabet, which is our. And so I wrote in brackets. They are kind of like the way how I would say it, if I would write or the way how I would write it in English, how to save a literary German if that makes sense. So again, the letter. And then we could use it with the word dia, up fe, which is the EPL. And so in this exercise, you'll also learn with each of the letters, a new word. And important for the German nouns is because all of the words that you will learn are nouns, is that you learn the gender as well. So if you remember, DEA was the masculine article. And so, so it's only half of the learning if you just learn the translation of the noun. If you just learn up fair, you have to learn it together with the article, with the gender, in this case, Dia up for you. So again, DEA up, fair. Then we have B and thus bool, the book B does boom. Then we have C, D, E, a computer. See their computer. Well, it's actually quite easy because computer, computer and Germans not too difficult or too different. The, sorry again, D and thus the roof D, dass die. Then we have e, e, e DHEA is a donkey. F DEA foods by F, india foos by the football di, di, di, di, di giga. The violin. D and D hunt. All right, a couple more to go. I know the alphabet is long, around 27 letters, but let's, let, let's keep going. It's really important. Ii, thus, Internet. E, does internet, which is the internet. Do you remember what was the Apple? Dare up, fail. Data up fear. And you will, do you remember how to say the letter B in German? Be and then what was the book? B? Does Google. Yeah, so try to remember them. Cool. Next one, yacht. I know it's very different to the English one. How it is yacht, deep, human. The boy. Yacht. Dea yoga. Don't judge my pictures here. The DEA kicks the cookie. Data. Cakes. A, D Lieber. A, D Lieber, the love. M, d motel. M, d mu tell the mother. N d, n d, the night. I know that might be a little bit difficult for some of you to say. What I do is I use my throat. I don't use the whole of my mouth. I use my throat. D. D. We will get there. All D or D. Alma, the grandma or grandmother. Part, sorry, pe Dia park. P, Deer Park, but it's very difficult. Park in German and that one was masculine. Coo does what? Cpu does clot. I know. I'm not saying what would our COO watt or something like that The way how we actually say most of the time when we use a q in the first letter in a word, we then have a you after that. So QU and QU, we say it as if there would be a k, w. Does, but there are other words like that. De Vela be that was the source D value, which is the jellyfish. I don't know. There are many more like that. It's not air, it's L. That's the best way that I could come up with. D riser. And D i is a trip or the journey. And again, here I am. I'm not using the front of my tongue. I'm not doing or something like that or I do. D riser. Yeah. So again, we use the R comes from the throat, not from the tongue. Know my L, D riser. S, data, Zama. S India Zama, the summer, very difficult. T d. T d Tulsa, the cup. Ooh, dear own fire. Ooh, DEA own fire. Which is the accident. The zoo here is. I'm thinking about the moon for example, where you have an English, you have the double 04 moon. And it's a little bit like that. So some clients have a little bit of a problem remembering how to say the you. So try to think about the moon so that you really get this deeper, like lower moon. Kind of sound. So DEA 1 phi d, phi, foul, DEA for gay, the bird fowl, they forget. Almost at the end. Va does Vetter, the weather. Va does Vetter. And then we have I yeah, I couldn't really come up with a word where it start, where where we start the sentence, where he started the word with an x. But I'm sure they exist. But let's hear this example that actually a lot better. X does taxi. X does taxi, which is the taxi. And then we have the epsilon. Epsilon. I know, I know that's a little bit different. Epsilon. And then we say it like d p with our meter. It's almost like the umlaut, the German OEM loud coup de Fuca meter, d parameter, which is the pyramid. Then set. And here, what is really, really important is that you have a sharp z is many, many, many of my clients do it very softly. They say something like They say something like So it should be thus SEMMA. But many people say, does CSMA, you have to say it sharp, thus CMA. That's why I put the t in front of the S set. So I really want you to say the z sharply set does soma, which is the room. Okay, So then we have the German OEM loaded, the ohm load to. The first one is air, DEA Kayser. Kayser, which is the cheese. Then we have D, which is the dor, di two. Then we have thus and thus foo, which is the oil. And that was the German OEM louder. So again, here we have the 3 ohm load air, which is kind of like different to, let's say the English language. Okay, let's do some exercises now. How would you spell this name, Thomas or in German we would say Tom us. How would you spell that? Try to maybe pause the video here and think about, okay, how did we do the letters and then say it out loud? And then I'm telling you now the right answer. And then you can compare. Okay, so we would start with, and so, uh, here I wrote down how I would write it out as if, if I, if I have to write each letter as a word. So first we have a t, Then Ha o m are yes. Do you want to try it again? Now? You T O M, S Tomas. The next one, again, sharp that sigma, thus CEMA. How would you spell that word? So set E m, m e. And now you again set E M, M a L, and thus sigma the room. And then how would you spell Buddha? Buddha, which is the brother. So I would do B L E D E, D a Buddha. And now you again. And b, d e. Okay, Another one thus far, which is the bicycle. How would you spell this one? Okay, so I would do how? Adam, d Phi. And now you again, f m d phi dot does the bicycle. And the last one, Deutschland, which is Germany. Okay. It's a long word. I give you a little bit more time. Pause the video. I that's probably the best, and then I will spell it for you. All right, let's do it. D E T S C a N D Deutschland. Now you D E T S, C a N D Deutschland. So that's how we spell words in German. There is another letter in the alphabet, which is the, well, we would say the sharp S surface S order set. Which we also, it's a little bit like a substitute for a double S, for example, in Switzerland, and people write a double S instead of this sharp S. But in Germany we use the sharp as quite a lot. So it would, for example, appear in de casa, the street, the ASA. And then there are many other words where that appears as well. We would call that does Shofar S, which is the sharp S or S set. So this was the first lesson. This was how the German alphabet works. This is really the foundation for you to start your journey on learning German. And I hope that this lesson was helpful for you. Now, maybe let's do a little bit of exercise and then we see each other in the next lesson. 3. Zahlen 0-10: Okay, and now we come to the German numbers from 0 to 10. So the numbers are pretty important in, well kinda of any language also in German. So here we have the Saarland for new thing, new instance by fear, funf zx, z been known saying, Well, I know that was a little bit quick, so let's go into each of those numbers and try to kind of learn how to say them. So the first one is no. No, it's just 0. Do you want to try and spell the number 0? Do you want to try and spell newline German? Alright, let's do it. N Wu a, a, and now you can sue a Exactly. All right, so the next one is ions. Ions. Then we have Sky Survey. And here it's really important that you have a sharp Z. Survive. Yeah, It's important that you make this z not like a XVI, like many people do. You have to say XVI. And then we have delay. I know again we have this are the rolling our delay. We use the throat dry. Then we have the 0 again. How do you say that in German? Know exactly knew it. Fear, fear. Then we have funf, funf zx, zy, zx. And then we have Zi Ben, Zhi Ben. And here you can see first we have the eye and then the e. So it's like a long eye, Zi Ben, Zhi Ben. Then we have our heart knowing knowing. Seen again sharp that scene. Scene. Okay. So there was not too difficult, but now, how do you figure out the numbers? Not in an order? So what is the answer to spy? Close, fear. So close is like plus and English. And how, what's the answer? It's vi plus fear. Spy, close fear is xyx. Smi plus fear is Zach's two plus four equals six. How would you find out, how would you say are Minos fear? Act Minos fear. And act Minos fear is fear. So, yeah, so eight minus Minos, minos, act 8 minus 4 is 4. And how would you do Zi Ben Minos, funf Zi Ben Minos, funf z, then Minos funf is spy. Yeah, So we have the seven and then we have five. Z band Minos film is SPY. So this is not supposed to teach you mathematics, don't worry. Um, but it's really helpful for you to learn the numbers, not in an order. For example, I can still remember that I can count the numbers in Japanese from one to 10 because I had karate lessons as I was. I don't know 10. And but I couldn't tell you what is five or what is eight. So it's really important that you don't just learn how to count 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 that you really know. Okay, seven is Zyban, fear is four, and so on. That's really important that you don't learn them just in an order. That's why we did that little exercise. Okay, I hope this was helpful for you. See you in the next lesson. 4. Begrüßung - Greetings: Okay, and now we come to a topic that is important in any language as well. How to introduce yourself, how to greet someone. This is what we are learning today in this lesson. Alright, so let's start. How do you say good morning and German was important. Guten morgan. Guten morgan. Whether it's quite easy, right? Guten tag, guten tag. That's something like good day. Hello. You don't really say good day anymore in English, but that would be pretty much the equivalent to that. And you can say guten tag pretty much at anytime in the day. Usually I would say between, I don't know, eight or nine AM to five PM, I would say. And then gluten are bent. You say that also to say hello. When it's evening time, somewhere like past five PM or something like that. So then how do you say goodbye? Choose, chooses a very common way to say goodbye, choose. And how would you say, Well, Suzy you again. I would say VDD asean. So for example, it's you meet a friend and, and you know that you will see that friend again, but you don't know when you just say our feet asean. See you soon. I'll feed us in. And then we have also good to know what. We don't say that, to say hello, we say like an English, good night to say goodbye. When it's late in the evening, we say, good to enact, good or not. So again, we have guten, morgan, guten, tag, guten up and truce of Vidar, Zn, end good or not. Good or not. Okay, So now you introduce yourself. I would say hi, Tom, each heist. Tom. I am called Tom. Tom each comma aus Deutschland. Deutschland. I come from Germany. Deutschland. Voice comes to voi. Here comes two. That's like, where are you from? Where do you come from? Voi here comes two. Now. So obviously practices a little bit for your own name, for your own country and so on. Look up a couple of countries like Frank rise would be France, banyan, Spain, England, England, America would be the US usually, and many other countries. Okay, So pronouns, what are pronouns? This is exactly what they are. It's like I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they endure formal. Alright, so what's the German equivalent to that? Ish. I do. You air is He, Zhi is x0, and then S, which is it. Then we have vir via, which is we. Then we have year, which is you, but you plural year, like, like you guys, year. And then z, which is they. And then we have the Z with a capital S, which is the EU formal, which we oftentimes use, I think in Spanish or in French. You use that as well. Where you address someone politely at stranger that you don't know, the doctor, the lawyer at the supermarket, pretty much like anybody that you don't know, even in the office, you oftentimes, especially when you meet clients, you talk to them in the form of one and the formal way, um, and then we would use z, z. Okay, so then the, those pronouns, they are important in the grandma and any grammar, certainly in the German grammar. So we have here the word, the verb actually comment, which we had before. Each comma, our Deutschland, I come from Germany to come. And this is how we would conjugate an irregular verb ish comma. So we drop the EN and then we add an e at the end where we have the pronoun ish, then do an ST, kannst, du, kannst. Come from, I don't know, Germany. Du kannst aus Deutschland. Kommt aus Deutschland. He comes from Germany. Z calmed aus Deutschland, she comes from Germany. And then we have via common, via common, via common anion, via common OS spine. We come from Spain, year, come to our franchise, year calmed hours, franchise, just count. And then z, common, z, common day come, they come from England, z common OS. England. Okay, here again, the examples in your written in German Air comped hours, Franklin. He comes from France via common anion and they can see how the ending of the verb, that's the conjugation, the ending of the verb changes based on the pronoun he and then via. Yeah, So here, this is where we are in the list. Air, come out, Frank, rise, revere, comment hours Banyan. Okay, so a couple of more sentence. Ich bin ja, ich bin Isaac yada, I had, which is I am 30 years old. Try to remember those. We do a little exercise and a moment and then it's important. So each bin, the ICIC, Yara, it VI to piss to how old are you now? And then you can just answer. And now we know also the numbers, so you can use those as well. Each Varner in Berlin, I live in Berlin. Wall. Wants to, where do you live? Vol wants to each born in Berlin. Okay, so now I would like you to say or to introduce Mark. I would like you to say he is called Mark. He is 19 years old. He comes from England. He lives in London. Okay. So I give you a moment, the best would be if you pause the video here and then I tell you and show you what the right answer is. Okay. So we have Mark and a heist. Mark? Yeah. Just knowing saying yeah. So 9 and 10 is no insane Yara islet. Yeah. How's England? In England? And he warned in London. In London. So this is how you would introduce a friend or a family member or someone that you know. How would you now do that for Zara? So Sarah, she's called Sarah. She is 43 years old. She comes from Germany. She lives in Hamburg. How would you say that? Again? Pause the video here. That's probably the best. Okay. So the answer would be z highest Zara. Z is the guy on-field sick. Yara ILD Z aus Deutschland. Z won't in Hamburg. And so we did earlier the same sentences, kind of life for ourselves, but we can, we can, we can just go through that one more time. If I would use that for myself, I would say, hi sir. Remember, we have to adjust the ending of the verb, so we have to conjugate the verb ish, highest, Tom, each bin. We come to that. Each bin. I felt sick. I had each comma aus Deutschland, sorry, actually, I'm not I said the H wrong. So for me it would be each bin, the ICIC, yadda it. And then we have ich aus Deutschland and Varner in Hamburg. Ish Warner in Hamburg. Or yeah, in my case, maybe Warner in Berlin. Okay. So this is how you introduce yourself. This is how you introduce a friend that you know or family member. And now I can just say choose. 5. Zahlen 11-100: Alright, so we have done the numbers from 0 to 10. And in this lesson, I teach you the numbers from 11 to 100 phone. If BIS, I known that the Dogen silane for an elf, bys and hone that. Okay. So let's start with the first one. No, it's not the guys with the I don't know, pointed ears sounds similar. But we say if if they have so that's 11. We have several birth, which is 12. So 12. Then we have the same rights in. And you probably realized that we first say the three and then we say the 10, deny sin. That's different to maybe some other languages. However, like 13, It's pretty much similar there. So first in German we say dry and then saying and the next one we say fear, saying fear scene. Do you remember what was 11, Christie? Correct. If if then we have five and 10, 15, 15, then we have Zetia sane, sane. And so the normal way how we say six is six, right? So you drop the S, You don't say xyx seen, you say sash, same, z sin. Then we have zip saying and the same here we don't say Zi Ben same. Zyban is the normal way. How we would say seven, we say zip. Zip, saying that we have seen scene. Then we have the numbers 15 and 17. What is the answer here? How do you say that in German? 5 and 10 and 7 and 10. For instance, in front of cosine or end, Zip, zipped, seen, cool. The next one is 9 and 10, knowing, seen, no insane. And then we have spun sick, spun sick. That's the 20. So now we come to the system that you follow throughout the whole numbers until the number 99. So you have first the one, then end, and then 2120, and you use that for 22, 23, 24, and so on until 1990. So I spun sick IN sponsoring. And here you can see I just separate the numbers a little bit more, whether the word so that you can see each of the one and 20 ion on span sick. And literally in English you would say 21. But in German, we do it the other way around 120, I spun sick. And then the same for spy on PS1 sick. What does then the answer for 23. Exactly. Bi on specific dry on sponsoring. What's 24? Fear on PS1, sick, fear on sponsoring. And then we have funf on PS1, sick, sick, Zyban on PS1 sick, act on PS1 sick. No non-responsive. So you can see how the system stays the same. But now the challenging part is to know the 10 steps. So 30 is Isaac. Then we have feared sick. And you also see how we use the fear, the four and we put it sick at the end. So kind of works almost for all of them like that. So then we have fun, forensic, funf tick, zig, zig, zig, zig, zig sick, sick, sick, sick. Knowing sick, not sick. And then 100 is ion 100. Okay, So how would you now say the number 36 and bear in mind, it's in German, 6 and 30. Do you remember what was 30? And we go back here, we have the ICIC. So what is then 36? Xyx or and the ICIC? Xyx on pricing. And 54. How would we say 54? How would we say 450 and German? Let me go back again. We have funf tick for 50, funf tick for 50. So what is the answer? Fear and funf tick. Fear on film critic. Pretty easy, right? Once you've understood the system, it's actually not that difficult to say the German numbers until a 100. Okay, so let's stop here. The numbers beyond that, we will learn that at another time we don't want to become mathematicians. Let's not go too much into the topic, but it is quite important for you to know the basic numbers and to be able to say them in German. When you go to the supermarket, when you're just counting simple things and all sorts of situations, you need the German numbers. So please study them, make sure you understand the system like one and 20. And then I see you in the next lesson. 6. Wichtige Verben - Important Verbs: Okay, So this is a short lesson that I created on important verbs. I think it's a good idea to kind of like step-by-step, get closer to those grammar topics without doing it too much. And this is like kind of my little introduction to German verbs and how you use them. And also you will learn a little bit about how to structure a sentence and so on. It's a short lesson. I don't want to keep it too long so that you kind of like understand this basic concept and then kind of like Ken go from there and not do too much at the beginning. So, all right, Let's go into the lesson. We have, well, again, the lessons called important verbs. So we have two verbs that are really important. It's haben enzyme. Let's start with Harbin, which means to have. And here we can see how we have to conjugate haben. So we have the pronouns on the left-hand side and then the verb conjugation on the right-hand side. So you would say harbor. Let's maybe do an example sentence. Each harbor IN bu, I have a book, each hover and bu du asked IN boo, yeah, hat I and boo or z hat I in blue. You could also maybe say S hat I UI via carbon ion. Hopped i and boo and Z happen. And so they have a book, they have a book. And then the z with a capital, if you remember that's the polite You Xie haben I in blue. And then if you're, if you remember, some people have a little problem to get your head around the year. The year is the hue, but plural, like you guys, iot, Hub and boo. Like you guys have a book. That's how you use year. And then we have the other verb is, which is very important. It's to be xi1 design. And this one is a little bit more difficult to conjugate because it's an irregular verb. So each bin, ich bin to Houser, I am at home du bist in oil up you are on holiday in East NOI Gillick. He is curious. Z is shallow, she is smart. And then Es ist via zinc. Again, via isn't to Hauser. We are at home year Zeit Muda. You guys are tired. If you're maybe I don't know, you have a couple of kids and you tell them, well, you guys are tired ears, I'd Muda. And then we have z, Z, z, Z. And they are x0, x1, x0, x1 dot there. They are there. Zs and die. Yeah, so we have high carbon and we have Zion. Those are, I would say probably the two German verbs that are the most important verbs that you need to know. Please study the verb conjugation for Harbin enzyme. If you study those, you will have a much easier time going forward learning German. Trust me, it's, those two verbs are really, really, really important. Okay, So how would you, yeah, just, just let, let's go through this again. What is the translation of Z haben das boot tried to think Zhi hub and thus Bu. So here we have z, but no, it's not a z hat, it's z haben. So the actual translation is they have the book. They have the book, which is also the present tense. Yeah, so this is actually how we are saying something in the present tense. So here in the first kind of position, we have the subject of the sentence. So I'm doing this to teach you a little bit about sentence structure. Not too much. Again, just a little so that you kind of have a bit of an understanding what I mean by saying subject and object and all those teacher terms that we use. So subject, the subject is the person anymore or thing. In this case, person that is doing the action. And in this case, they are the person, the people, they have, the book. So Harbin is the verb, in this case the conjugated verb, which in the present tense also wanted to be on the second position in the sentence. Which is kind of like, I always think about it as like this crazy OCD verb that always wants to be not on the first position, but in the second position of the sentence. So kind of tried to get your head around that the conjugated verb has to be in the second position of the sentence. And then, so we have first the subject, which is not always the case in the German language because Germany is not as strict as V0 language, what that means, you can Wikipedia that or just, just, I don't know, except that for now. Then we have the verb and then we have the object. And in this case we have does sp2 as the object. And the object is here, the one that is influenced by the action of the verb, in this case, z haben das boot. They have the book. We have a direct object here which makes Task2 and accusative case. Yes, in German, you have might have heard about it. We have cases and we will talk about those cases at another time. So then we have another verb, which is mg hen, which I think is quite important as well. Engaged then. All right, so let's do the conjugation with gear and let's try to come up with some sentences. You can also, if you want, write this, write some sentences down and tried to work with those. So each gear, now Houser, I go home, ischemia, now Hauser do guest, Surabaya, it you go to work to guest. So our right ear gate, some beca air, get some Becker which has he goes to the bakery or she goes Xie, I'm Calvin. She goes shopping via dn women. We go swimming via Gei Hen should women. Then we have year gate. Like you guys, you plural, go here gate yet. So if you are if you are a parent and you tell your people, your, your children to go sleep, then you could say year gate, you go sleeping. And then we have Z, they Zhi De Hen ZEN. I don't know, ZEN, knock the Gaussian. They go outside the Z. Now 1000. Again, the other Z, the one with the capital S is the you plural. Okay, So how would you translate this sentence into English? Ear gate, Indian super marked as a gate in the supermarket. He goes he is going to the supermarket. Yeah. So air is the subject, the person anymore thing that is doing the action. And this case he is the one who is going to the supermarket. Then we have gate, the conjugated verb. If we look here, Aha, there we have air and then gate. And then we have Indian supermarket, which is the object, he is going to the supermarket. And then we have another important verb, I think, which is SN. Sn, which is to eat. So Esser IN up Fair, which we learned in the very first lesson about the alphabet. S IN up fair? Then it's also an irregular verb, as you can see, do is just do, ist ein brought, you eat a bread. Do, is I involved? Here? Is St. Um, I, I know banana air is in a banana. He eats a banana. Z is fly ash, she eats meat, z is flash. And then S is, I don't know. You could maybe say to an animal eats. Yeah. But usually for any modes we use another verb which is Ferguson. Yeah, So which is spelled FOR E, S, S, E N fluorescent. And then we have via SN, we eat via SN, via SN, give Musa, we eat vegetables. Year est. We're asked you eat, but you plural again, year, last year asked, I know Zuber, you eat a soup. And then we have z ASN. Again, they eat z SN. What can we, what else can we eat? Z as n i an amide side, which is just in general the meal zs and multi-site. Okay, So what is SR in an unfair simple right? I eat or I am eating actually, this is how you use the present tense in English. Better, I am eating an apple. So here I just want to show you again the verb given, which we had before. Just, I cut off the endings a little bit so that you can see a little bit more closely how you're conjugating those regular verbs. Yeah, so that's important. Note down how to conjugate the regular verbs. So for each, for the pronoun, it's E, Then for do it's St. Cut off from the, from the verb stem. Geeky. Did you cut the way so that you keep k and then you have to KAIST air gate via given year get z. Again, pretty simple, right? So this was the lesson, the quick lesson on important verbs that I wanted to teach you. So now I hope you have a better idea about how to structure a sentence and German and how to also use those verbs and German. And it's actually not that different to English, I would say, at least for now. So I hope you enjoyed this lesson. See you in the next one. 7. Familie: D far milia, their family. This is an important topic I think, that we need to talk about in the German language so that you know how to say, well, this is my sister, this is my brother, this is my grandmother, and so on. So we kind of want to know how we call our family members in German, and this is what we're doing in this lesson. So let's go into it. So again, like the German word for love, Emilia is de familia, de familiar. So we have first the father, DEA foretell, then thus Kinte a child and D motor. Again, they're Fatah, does Kinte D motor pretty easy, right? Then we have D, Vesta. This is singular. I know the pictures show too, but it's singular. De Chavez towel. And then DHEA, Buddha again, singular the brother, their border. And then we have dia, gross Fatah. What I actually often say is they are opa. Or we can also say in German actually OP, yeah. But oftentimes people say they are all par or DEA girls, Fatah, their grandfather, end D, gauze morta di gross motor, the grandmother or the Omar D Alma. So then we have the Inca, the grandson, DEA anchor. And then we have d in Killen, the granddaughter, the enkephalin D insulin. Okay. So i now let's do a, make it a little bit more difficult. We have an English sentence here, and I would like you to say this sentence in German. Let's try. Pause the video, write down what the answer is, and then compare it with the answer that I, that I will give you. Please do that. It's really makes the lesson more effective for you. Okay? So, and the answer is, mine. Fatah is just iron and zinc. Sick yadda it mine fatter ist ein on zest sick Yara. I had yeah, So mine, Fatah, myelin is a that's called a possessive pronoun. Again, like look it up on the Internet. We will also talk about this in a lesson later on. But mine Fatah for now, mine just means my. Then we have, is the conjugated verb to be of Zion and then the number and then Yahoo. Pretty easy read. How would you say, My mother eats an apple? My mother eats an apple. Remember the important verbs that you did? Yeah. Okay, so again, pause the video here and try to write down the answer. Okay. So the answer is minor motor, east IN up fair? Minor motor is in an AP fire. Okay. So you see here that it's suddenly not mine motor but minor motor. That's, again, that's called possessive pronouns that we will look into that at another time just for now, notice that something like that happens. It's because it's feminine, the mother's feminine. So it changes from mind to mind. A little bit like iron 2 ion. And then we have IN, up for, because it's the accusative case, we will look into that another time as well. For now, I just want you to get the basic things right, Like mother and Apple and where to put the verb and so on. Okay, so here I, just to visualize that again, mine Fatah is masculine and minor motor is feminine. So that's why we have the E there at the end. I have a brother. I have a brother. How would you say that in German? Pause the video here and then I tell you the answer. Okay? And the answer is ish harbor IN Buddha. Harbor IN Buddha. This is how we would say that each harbor, whether it's the conjugation of the verb Harbin, which we also learned earlier. And then I need Buddha again, i, and then it's has to do with the German case and that's why it is einen. My sister is called x2i. My sister is called Suzy. How would you say that in German? And the answer is minus Vesta highest Xunzi, minor, Chavez tau highest x2i. So Shrestha is feminine. That's why minor fester and then highest, if you look in the conjugation of hasten, then you would have the pronoun of x0, x0, x0 highest. And that's why minus Vesta highest. And then x2i, my initial Lester heist, x2i. Okay, so I hope you found this lesson helpful. Family members. This is what we learned, but we also learned how to form more sentences in German. So this lesson, I, I don't know if you noticed, but I suddenly subtly made you kind of like work a little bit more because you had to translate a sentence from English to German, which is actually quite an achievement. So awesome. Keep going and see you in the next lesson. 8. Trennbare Verben - Separable Verbs: Okay, so in this lesson, we are talking about separable verbs. And this lesson is, well, a little bit of German grammar. So maybe get your, I don't know, grammars, karate clothes on and tried to kind of be strong and goes through this lesson and try to concrete core. So separable verbs, Let's start. And so what, what exactly do I mean by separable verbs? Obviously, verbs that we separate, and here's an example sentence. And each steer xyx wir auf, which means I get up at six o'clock. So auf den is the separable verb. You not like if you just look it up in the dictionary, it's one word, it's auf den, which means to get up. But then when you use it in a sentence here in the present tense, you actually separate them. And what do we do? We put this off, it's called a prefix. We put that to the end of the sentence. So each steer xyx, we're out of. That's kind of what the separable verbs are all about. And again, so here in the present tense, the prefix this off goes to the end. However, in the perfect, which is how to say something in the past. How do we say something in the past? We will learn that as well. We don't do that. We are putting the GE, which is kind of like what you use when you want to conjugate, when you change a verb to the past, which is called the past participle, then you put the GE in between the alpha and the Stunden. So then OFDM becomes alpha gay stand-in. Again in the perfect, we will look into another lesson. So kind of just keep that in the back of your mind that we separate the verbs, the separable verbs, but not always in the same way. All right, so this, this whole list that you can see here, those are all those prefixes that you can put in front of a well verb in German, and that then changes the meaning of the verb. And all those are separable prefixes up on our off hours by iIn, lose MIT. Now, hear him, um, for vec to sock. It wouldn't make sense to translate those for you because they, meaning doesn't make sense together with the verbs. So just keep in mind that it's not a shortlist of those prefixes that make the verbs separable. Okay, so here are some examples. And Fanon is to begin AND function. So you can see that, um, is a prefix that the separable. And when I put that in the beginning of the verb, like unfun and then the verb becomes separable. The same for i inch laughing, which is to fall asleep. I inch laughing Shaphan, but in general, just means to sleep. Shaphan to sleep. But when I put the iron before that is kind of like to infall, to fall into kind of like to fall asleep and then bring in is to bring, and then mid, bringing in is kind of like to bring along. So mid Brennan is also separable verb. So here this is how it would look like in a sentence. Again, we have the verb unfunded and that then changes to each fund, an IM beginning. So for example, each families and medium undernourished. I now start, I am beginning with the lesson. Then we have du, slaves, iron, you are falling asleep. So the ion is the prefix that goes to the end of the sentence. Do Chefs, I. Then MIT Bollingen Becomes Air, blinked. Does boat, mid, air, brings, does brought, mid, the, mid, the prefix goes to the end. He is bringing the bread. Okay? And then we also have prefixes that look like they're separable, but they are not separable. Easy, right. That's why I told you bring your grandma karate gear with you so that you kind of don't get demotivated by a little bit of grammar today. So niche urban are not separable verbs, but they sometimes look like they're separable. So the way how I would suggest you learn is learned the non-separable verbs, because all the other ones are separable in this list is a lot shorter, so B and D miss, fell and sell. Those are this non-separable three prefixes. So examples here are BY ending to end, be ending, it's non-separable. Our ration, ration to achieve. Miss Kashdan, miss fetched the end to miss understand. And so this is how it would look like in the sentence minor Omar be ended, does Gish crash? My grandmother ends the conversation. Minor OMA be ended, thus cash creation. So the baby does not go to the end of the sentence. Then ration. So each dusts here, I reach the goal again, the same thing, no, ER, at the end of the sentence, mine Buddha miscarriage did make my brother misunderstands me. So the miss stays together with it does not go to the end. That's why it's a non-separable verb, even though it might look like it is separable. All right, so how would you say this sentence in German? I begin with the negotiations. Negotiations. I help you with this one, which is a 100 login for a 100 long n, and it is feminine D for handling when I show you in a moment, but try to get the rest, right. How would you say that? And the answer is, each finer mit dem for a 100 login. And so the width is MIT, which is a preposition. We learned that at another time. Ish, funny, mit den for a 100 long. And so un-fun is the verb and unnecessary separable prefix. So it goes to the very end of the sentence, English Fang, a median for handling and E1. How would you now say I end the negotiations? I end the negotiations. Yes. So this is not separable. Each B and the D for handling then be ended the lumen. So this is not separable. So again, here we have on the left-hand side, the separable verbs, and on the right-hand side, we have the non-separable verbs. And there are many separable verbs. Those three are six in total. There are only examples. So we have, we have a lot more of them. So this lesson is supposed to give you an overview about those separable verbs. Do some more exercises with those because you need to practice them obviously to kind of get it and really be active. Have it actively and your mind and kind of be able to work with that. So again, we have prefixes that are separable. They go to the end, and then we have prefixes that look like they're separable, but they are not separable. And I would suggest to learn the ones that are not separable because they're just shorter, there are a few, And so you know, then all the other ones are separable. So, okay, so don't get discouraged. This lesson might have been a little bit difficult. Keep it going. You are improving your German a lot by just listening to me and kind of soaking up the information we will get there together. See you in the next lesson. 9. Present Perfect: Okay, so in this lesson, we're learning about the present perfect. The present perfect is important because it teaches you how to say something in German in the past. So maybe it's sentence would be minus Shrestha hat I and brought kickoff, which in English would be my sister, bought a bread. And so because she did that in the past, we need to figure out in German how to say that. And this is exactly how we do that. And I will teach you in this lesson how to say something in the past in German using this structure, my Vesta had inboard kickoff. So again, the translation into English would be my sister bought a bread. When do we use the present perfect? There are a couple of ways of how we would say something in the past in German. But the, by far the most common way in spoken German, and also an informal letters is this way the present perfect. Now, so this is really the most useful kind of grammar, phrase or tense that you need to know if you want to say something in the past and German, cool, okay, so what do we need? We need the auxiliary verb, either Harbin or Zion. I will tell you a little bit about that in a moment. And we need the GE verb, the so-called past participle, and that goes to the end of the sentence. So we had the SR minus Vesta hat does Bodh Gaya coughed. My sister bought the bread. And here we see, we can see that hut is the conjugated version of Harbin and that needs to be there on the second position. It's not necessarily the second word in the sentence, but it's the second position. And this is where the conjugated verb goes, kind of like we usually do it in German. And then the past participle, the GE verb, goes to the very end. Now, and this is pretty much how you do it. So you put the auxiliary verb, in this case Harbin to the second position after my sister minus fester happen. Then thus board as a hot does port and then at the end get coughed. Okay, So when do we use haben? Haben we actually use most of the time or we tried to kind of I tried to teach my students. Okay. Likely. The chances are that most of the time you will use Harbin, but then you also use Zion sometimes enzyme. We use that for movement and change. When there is a movement or a change involved, then we use the auxiliary verb Zion. So for example, each bin Indian park Kagan, each bin Indian Parker ganglion means I went to the park. So there's the way how I like to think about it is there is a change from the state of not being in the park to the state of being in the park. Of course, clearly here going is also movement, but sometimes that's not as clear. So I like to think about it in the sense of there is a change in the state from not being in the park to being in the park. And if that is the case, then you reuse the verb xi1. And how do we conjugate sign here in this case, each bin. So been the conjugated verb, goes to the second position, ich bin in the impact and then get ganglion to the very end. And why do we pick been? Because there is a change here. So now you might ask yourself, all right, so I may have gotten this haben Zion part that you were talking about, but this GE, verb, the participle that you mentioned at the end, that's a bit more difficult. I agree that's the most difficult part about the present perfect. But there's actually a simple system that you can apply. Okay, so how do we form the past participle? The easiest form is for weak verbs and good news. Most of the verbs that we have in the German language, weak birds. So chances are you are using this system. You take the stem of the verb. You put the GE at the front end, a T at the end. So here I have the verb Macron. So I have to make, and I put a GE at the front, gay man in a cup away the EN, so gay MAC and I put the t at the end, gamma. And that's how we create. The verb, the past participle. But then we also have strong verbs, scanf like irregular verbs, and they also get a GE at the front, but they get an e and at the end. And they also might change their vowel. And the best way how you can learn those irregular verbs was trump strong verbs as get like a list of many of the irregular verbs and just learn them. That's really the best way. So for example, G0 when changes to glucagon. So we have the gaa, gaa, gaa, gaa at the front. We have an EN at the end, but instead of gay when we have a gun. So the stem of the verb, the core of the verb, also changes. But again, number one, the weak verbs, that's really the most common way. So then we also have mixed verbs. Yes, kind of the same that applies for strong verbs. Learn them, and that's the easiest way. Mixed verbs and strong verbs are both irregular verbs. So what do you do here? You put a T at the end. But they might change the vowel as well. So the core of the verb might change as well. For example, here we have bring in, which is to bring and that then changes to give it a shot. And then we have also here the, well, they are exempt vertex. So words that we used to from other languages, predominantly the English language, and integrated that in the German language, such as Trini of, and there are many other words, should urine, and so on. And so those verbs that end with an ear and they don't get a GE at the front. They just leave away the GE completely, but they put the t at the end. So in urine becomes clean yet. And this is kind of like for now, the way how are you creating this? Then there is something with separable verbs, but we will look into that another time. So here we have an example sentence and I'd like you to figure out how I would say this sentence in German. My mother bought a book and I help you. Uh, book is does sp2, so it is neutral. And the infinitive, if you don't know, you can pause here, but they help you a little bit. The infinitive, the plain version of board. So to buy is Calvin. So and it's a regular verb. So pause here, try to figure out the answer and I will tell you in a moment. Okay. So we have minor motor hat I am Bu Gei calfs. Okay. So minor motor, that might be a little bit difficult. Pronouns, mother is feminine. So that's why it's minor motor. Then Hut, there is no movement or change involved here, at least not from the German grammar logic here. And then we have ion Bu, so we have the accusative case, I am Bu. And then at the end we have gay calved. We have Calvin. We put the G at the front. We take an EN away at the end and we put a T at the end, get coughed. I asked my father, How would you say that sentence in German? I asked my father and I also wrote down a tip here to ask as far organ, which is also a weak verb. So pause here and try to figure out the answer. Okay? So the answer is each harbor, mine and Fatah give tract. So again, no movement. I have my father asked. Yeah, so that's how we form the past and German, the present, perfect, the most common way how to say something in the past. Again for Dragon, changes to the past participle. So we put a G at the front, then we have the EN at the end. So instead of give, Dragon is Gift Act, we cut the NOA and we put the t there. We came home. How would you say that? We came home in German? Again here the tip is to come home is, now how's a common? How would you say that one? And the answer is via Zandt. Now how's the Kikkoman? Via doesn't know how to make a comment. So the common or common is an irregular verb, as you can see, so we don't end it with a T. We ended with an t. And so comment is like a movement, it's a change, so I'm not home and then I am home. So there's like clears change in state and the clear movement. So we use Xin, we use the auxiliary verb to be. So via isn't. Now how sick a common than would be the right answer. Okay, Let's recap. First. What do we need? We need to do the auxiliary verb, either zine or Harbin. We use sign for movement and change Harbin for anything else. We have the GE verb that we have to put at the end of the sentence for the grammar nerds, that's the past participle. And then we need to pay attention to, okay, what type of verb do we have to? We have a regular verbs and irregular verb. So we need to find that out. Again. Most of the time we have weak verbs. Try to learn the strong verbs are irregular verbs. And then we have also verbs that end with Iran, which is quite important. We don't need a GE, they're at the front. We just have the clean urine and then we change that to train yet to a T at the end. So this is the kind of like the best and quickest way to learn how to say something in the past. In German. 10. Supermarkt: Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to say something in the supermarket. When you go to a supermarket in Germany, it's probably quite helpful to know, well the different types of food that we have in a supermarket, and how to ask some things and how to also pay and when and what type of things that you can expect other people to say and what maybe is a good way to answer? This is what we learn in this lesson. Alright? They are super marked, pretty much exactly the same as in English. So not difficult but masculine, That's important to keep that in mind. Cool. So the first word that I guess is quite important to know as well. I was thinking, okay, if I go to a supermarket, what's the first thing I do? I probably go to pick up the trolley, their shopping trolley. And if you don't know where the shopping trolleys are or you can't find one, then you might ask for that. And in German we would say India in calfs bargain, DEA, IN calfs wagon. As you probably already know, kind of like from the previous lessons and so on it we'd like to combine words in German. So I encountered and wagon, that's literally means shopping weekend. So pretty straightforward. Their ankles wagon. Then DHEA, Cassius, Dio, Cassius login. So we have the masculine first day or Cassandra, and then the feminine, feminine way, the Casio, when they're cosine theta d cosine. And that's the cashier. So the cash register where you then would pay is de casa. De casa. Because we have a double S here in front of the a. We don't say D Kazaa. The double S cannot be stronger than the a. That's a little bit how I tried to remember it, and that makes it a short. So instead of Kazaa, we say di casa. We also have this with other words like dishonor, the sun. We don't say the Zona. We say the Zona short 0 because there is a double n in front of the 0. And here the Casa, the cash register, thus giving USA okay, trying to make people healthy. That's why I tried to pick does give Musa the vegetable. Then how would you say, I'm going to the supermarket? This is how we would say ish gear, some Zuber marked each gear. Some supermarket literally means I go to the supermarket. And the sum, as I wrote here, comes from the preposition to and the article dm. And that we then combine, we drop the DE and we just say sum rather than each Geertz who deem supermarket, we say if good, some supermarket. And usually we say pseudonyms, supermarket. We want to specifically point out to the supermarket over there. If kids who damn supermarket niche so deems Obama Amazon and pseudonyms Obamacare. But if I just want to say I go to the supermarket and I just say each get some supermarket. Kind of, that's probably the best way to remember it. Each bin him supermarket, let's say someone calls you or I don't know and you have to answer that in German then you would say ich bin in supermarket, same system in deem combined to him supermarket ish been in the supermarket. All right, so how would we kind of now say I buy or I would like to buy something. So here we have from left to right IN, bought the bread, a bread, a cheese IN and Caeser, I'm stuck, flies like a piece of meat, literally like that. I and then Zoloft and I in a Botha. Okay, so I could say calcium ion then cursor. That means I am buying a cheese. If you want to say I would like to buy a cheese, then we would say, if you Mr. And then cares a Calvin. So for example, you go to the supermarket, you don't know where something is. You could say each ion and cares a calcium is two decades. Now, I teach your question, questions and so on later a little bit more. You could also say each ion and Zoloft, Calvin, each muster IN Zoloft, Calvin each Culver Botha. In abouta, I am buying a butter. Yeah. So again, I inboard Island cares. I inch took flesh islands allowed IN abouta. I don't know that those were the most important words that I could come up with in the supermarket. I'm sure there are many more, but they're pretty fundamental, I would say, OK, and measurements, measurements are also pretty important. I would say, here we have spy liter. Liter. You could say I'm liter, swine liter, and inhibin liter. So if you're asked for something or you want to see the measurements, this is how we would say that data liter, the liter, pretty much the same. And you just put the number in front and then I'm kilo. Kilo. Yeah. So pretty much exactly like an English one kilo in German, that's pretty much the same. I'm sure there are more measurements, but I would say those are the two most important ones. So let's not spend too much time with that. Okay? So N surely can see wall thin the Zoloft, Zoloft for Kinsey by him, game user. So here we have, excuse me or excuse you, like the polite version. Where do you find, where do I find cell? It's salads. I find with the vegetables. Salads you find with the vegetables you polite. So and then you have to change the buy-in for other kind of like other types of foods. And we will look into that in a moment. But this is how you would ask if you go to a supermarket and you don't know where you can find something, then this is what you would say. Enjoy digging Z, warfarin, the Amish, and then fill out the blank. Warfarin, the dashboard, wolf in Danish, get drinker, wolf in the fly ash and so on. And then they might answer Ziff and ask him user dot. Whereas if Indians are lot dot and Schrodinger, z, wolf in the Caixa, Caixa fin z by going back violin. So here we have plural backwash, and that's why we change by him. So by Dean. And this means, excuse me, where do I find cookies? Cookies you'll find with the bakery stuff. And shooting Z, warfarin, the Caixa, Caixa fins z by din, backlog and okay, and here are a lot of other kinds of phrases and products that you might want to know and the supermarket. So biding usage chitin. So for example, in Schroedinger Z warfarin Daesh, I don't know. Wolffian, the Shoko ladder, the ladder fin z by din x2i Skadden, the chocolate you'll find in the suite section. And truly Gong warfarin, they give horrendous game user, where do I find frozen vegetables? Does give hormone that user frenzy him. A TIF cure pretty guy. So TIF crew regards a funny word, it actually means deep cool shelf. Again, combining words, in this case three words, that then ends up as being TIF, the guy in the freezer section. What are by inflation like at the meat then? Yeah, that's you. Finn does kinda unknown, does stake by in-flight, XFN, the lawyer mesh by Mitch production. So you find the soy milk and milk products or with the milk products and the milk products section. Wolf. Wolf engaged in violin, violin frenzy, and they're getting uptight. Long line you find in the drinks department or section Wolfenden, pronoun best, emitter. Where do I find? Like the washing, the washing soap for to wash the dishes. The spirometer, Fen Zhi Biden, how smitten the washing soap. You find that in the home supplies section. So those are, I think, quite important words and phrases to know. Kind of like a lot of departments and sections as an areas in a supermarket that I think are quite important. Here are some more phrases. I say it first and you repeat after me. Each gear I in calcium is, I'm going shopping. Each gear IN Calvin quo. And surely Gong HCOOH her gluten-free highest port. Again. And surely Gong Zuo her gluten-free highest brought excuse me. I am looking for gluten-free bread. That's maybe important, especially nowadays. So the next one is, excuse me, which i l is the milk and surely Gong invasion gang is marriage or that is to diminish. Again and Shruti Gong in the Asian gang is Mitch, in which I l is the milk. The next one is do you sell honey? Faculty and z Hornick. Faq, how frenzy, Hunicke, cool, meshed and z MIT carted Saarland. Do you want to pay by card? Meshed and Z Smith, carter silane. And then the answer would be each merge commit bargain Saarland. So you can say no, I'd like to pay by cash. Like to pay cash. So nine each mesh to omit Baggett, Saarland. What age must the bar silane. Or you could also say, I'd like to pay by card. It must emit cutter bits, arlen. Okay, so let's do a little role play. We just kind of goes through what you would say in a supermarket. So you go there and use the left side, you have the teller, the person that is at the cash machine, the cashier, and you're buying the food on the right side under GSA guten tag. Hello. Does mock done? Fun1, PS1 sick oil or xyx on axis, bitter. Again, dass man, Dann finde once been sick. Oil, xyx and ATSIC, bitter, meshed and Z Smith, carter bits Arlen. Would you put your like to pay by card mushed and z McCarter. But silane, nine bits are low bar, no, I pay cash nine each bit Sala bar. Here, bitter. So when you give the money over, you could say here, better. Denker each Vinci in an ion and churn and talk. Denker. Thank you. I wish you a great day. If you're in an ion insured and tag. And then if you don't want to say the whole sentence, you could say, thank you. Likewise, So you would say Denker IV, benzo, Denker, even though. And this is kind of how you're saying the most important things, the most fundamental things in, in, in a supermarket in German. And I think this will be quite helpful next time you go to a supermarket and German to buy something, to find the right food, to ask where you can find something. And also maybe to have a bit more of a conversation with the cashier. An officer, corps. 11. Restaurant: Okay, and in this lesson, we are discussing the vocabulary that you need in order to do everything you want in a restaurant in German. And what to say in a restaurant, like what to say to the waiter or waitress, and what responses you can expect. So this is a very practical lesson that can be hugely helpful for you if you live in Germany or if you just do holidays and Germany or UK on a business trip and so on. This I think is really practical and really helpful. So let's start with DUS Nestor Hall. I know I said that actually a little bit French because this is how we say that in Germany, we don't say dusk less talent. We say Does Crystal Hall. Okay, So as I said, we look at the vocabulary and then what to say in a restaurant. So pretty straightforward, but also pretty helpful. So I hit, I couldn't resist. So pickled cabbage in German is indices are colored. Obviously everyone knows that, but I had to put it in. So does zoa cowed. This is how we write it. Obviously, nouns in German, we also write that with a capital letter. So whenever you are, whenever you can put an article in front of a word like the daddy does and so on. Then that's a noun and that we write capital. So that's why does savoir coward, which literally means the sour cabbage or something like that. Okay. You could say, I like to eat pickled cabbages, our code. So Gan Zaha code, I like to eat Tsar, cut it as a GAN is archived or not, you know, negations and other topic. Okay? Yeah, so eating is probably one of the most important verbs that we need to know in a restaurant or just in life in general. So I think it's important to know how to conjugate this. Let's go ish, ESA, due east, which means you eat here, z es ist, es ist. So he, he, she, he, she, it eats via SN year S, Z, S. And again, each Esser do is a z OS is via SN year S, Z, s. And so this is how you could conjugate S and I think it's quite important. Cool. All right, so how would you say now in German, we are eating pickled cabbage. You know, we, you know how to say to eat in plural, you don't need the r, We don't need that. So you just say we eat pickled cabbage. How would you say that? A German. And this is how you would say that via S and Z blackout. So literally we eat sauerkraut, but injure in English you would translate it more like we are eating pickled cabbage. And as you can see, we are there in the 123 fourth column via SN. Okay, d voiced MQTT, good. The sources, sausage tastes good or tastes delicious. Divorced, is the sausage also capital here because it's a noun. I guess that's another very traditional German food that It's kinda like wildly known, widely known, and maybe also wildly known, but maybe mainly widely known. And this is how we would say that not versed, we say divorced the worst, the sausage. Then the beer does beer, and thus beer. And that's how we write that. Does beer, Z drink and I and B, that means they drink a beer. They are drinking a beer. Z, drink and IMBA. How would you now say, I am drinking a beer? I am drinking a beer. Remembering verb conjugation, which just put an e at the end here. So each drinker, I am beer, drinker I and B. Then we have dusk and museum, the vegetable. And then we could say max, max, max, max doesn't eat vegetables. Max doesn't eat vegetables, which is, max is just kind of give you the So the Kaitlin makes it negative here. There is a lesson later on in the course which is called negations, and that teaches you how to say a sentence in a negative way. So, so the negation, because you can choose their nourished and kind and when to use and how to use and so on. I will teach you in that lesson. But for now, max is kinda giving you the, max doesn't eat vegetables. How would you say I ate vegetables yesterday? And I'd like you to remember the present perfect lesson that we had, how to say something in the past? I ate vegetables yesterday. Okay, so think about the present perfect. We had the auxiliary verb, either Harbin or xi1, design we only use that when there is a clear change, a clear movement, which is not the case here. And then we have the GE verb at the end. And I can tell you that SN is an irregular verb, so it keeps the E and at the end. And then the, and then the answer is, I guess Town, harbor ish, game user, guess n. So yesterday and then Harbor Dexter urges auxiliary verb that we have to put them in the second spot. Then we have ish, the subject, then game user, and then get guessing. Each guest 10 harbor ish game user guessing. I could also say each harbor guest 10 gigaton. That's also fine. Quo, All right, So here a couple more vocabulary. The ZOPA, the soup, DUS Vasa, the water, does board the bread. D, cutoff in again, the ZOPA. The ZOPA, thus vasa, does, Vasa, thus board and thus board. De Buffon potatoes D, toughen. Alright, so what do we say in a restaurant? All of those things and many more. So, for example, you would go in and say, I reserved a table. Well, I have reserved the table. And then you would say in German, each harbor vis-a-vis it. Hello, guten tag. Each Harbor I it Hello. I reserved a table and tissue fluids by vis-a-vis it if you want to say a 42, Harbor and tissue for fear, for funf reservior. You can put the number in there as well, like here in the next one. Each harbor and intuition fields by ors or just iron and tissues by bitter you could, you could also just say it like that. A table for two plus ion and tissue fluids via Bitter. It had a gun dish, BioCarta, hetero Garan dish, BioCarta. I'd like to have or I would like to have the menu. If had her gown, DH bicycle data. Then we have gluten appetit, board Betty or enjoy your meal, Gooten Appetit. Then we have header gown. Dean Zoloft, I would like to have the cell it. So you're looking at the menu and you say each hexagon, dinner salad, I'd like to have the salad. The original bitter. Their bill please. The invoice, the bill please, the rational bidder. So those are a couple of words. I think it's quite good to maybe do a screenshot with your phone of this. And next time you go to a restaurant and Germany, you can look it up and be like IR. I remember, this is how I say a certain phrases in, in German in the restaurant. Quite helpful I would say. So this is kind of my attempt of a, of a menu of a spicy Jakarta. So let's just look at that. So on the left-hand side, on the top, we have good rancor, which is drinks. So you go to Germany. I don't know, in Berlin or one of the major cities, they probably give you a menu in English, but maybe in more rural areas or also in some areas in bigger cities, they might not have an English menu. So you might have the situations, the situation where you have a German menu in front of you and then it's probably quite helpful to know one or two words more than just water and I don't know, soup. So let's go through it. So get finger is drinks. Then Vasa. And we would say here, no comma divide high liter. Yeah, no comma dy, dy liter. And then it costs sky oil or 96. Does Vasa costed spi 96? Then we have Zoloft Jews. The Jews. And there we have Hampshire up for tomato. You could say or wrong, Gen Z roughed up for soft Tamar 10 daft. If you want to say orange juice, apple juice, tomato juice. And then no comments by funf. We usually just say that No comments by firms, which means just the small one. I would say that costs high oil finish British day or longer lens, costed device oil finned fish. And then we have a TEA DEA glasses, just the glass. I didn't know you could also drink tea egg is out of a cup. So you could say T and the detrusor, their tea and does glass fear overall scene? They are Cafe and Kantian is quite a funny word, especially my grandmother would say that, but it's quite common in restaurants to sell it as well. That is the like the like the MC where not a MAC, like the bigger kind of pine thing where you have the coffee inside and not the cup, but like a whole coffee for a couple of people and that we call Keynesian. So DEA cafe. And then if it says Kenji and then you know, you don't just get a cup of coffee, but you get a whole kind of bottle of coffee. And that is fear of or finish. And then beer, no comma fear leader. And then violin, which is the line. So white wine would be literally vice vine. And then a HOT vine, which is the red line, which is in this case and highlight liter, newcomer funf, fewer sessions, it would then flush bison is the starters. So that is Zupan for example, noodles above here or Finland noise ish, speed goes up. Onion soup for oil, Finland filled sick and Tamar 10 cream, Zuber. I had to put in that word, it's quite a long word and I find it funny when use non-words. And so tomatoes and claims or by means exactly what it says, tomato cream soup for funf oval knowing sij. So again, SV bear is onion. So ZOPA, new day or a new day in Is noodles or pasta and tomato, tomato cream, cream and then ZOPA soup. Help Girish main dish, spinal Barton. That is like one of those typical pork pork meat dishes. And that would be seen oil fund their shrine of a button. Then goulash, I would say goulash is probably quite known. If net just, if not, just look it up, goulash oil message. And then we have Hanshin, that's a chicken henchmen, if you're asked or affinity. And there's fish filet, It's both oil and voronoi and sewage fish villi, very difficult exactly what it means. This, where we would say the sphere this year. So not desert but the CIA. And there we could have ice cream with fruits. And funny thing is in German, we don't say ice cream, we just say ice. I had to learn that the hard way as I was in, in America and I ordered ice cream, I just said Ice Age had again, I would like to have an ice. Of course then I just received ice just ice cubes, not really an ice cream. So since then, I know that in English you're usually say ice cream in German you can just say ice. So if you say an ice mid flush them, that means you get an ice cream is fruits. Oftentimes they also ask you which type of ice cream, vanilla, Shoko, Egypt better, just strawberry and so on. And then we have coupon order Toyota. So cook Cake or tart, feel shy or 96. And that's kind of like a menu, a typical basic Carta in German. Okay, So a couple more words that I would think or sentences that I think are important. Vast Michigan Zi Gan think and what would you like to drink? Thus, motion and z again, thinking meshed and z, schon etwas be stellen meshed and z shown at first Bish Dylan, would you like to order something? I it's forced by Pfizer, had to each GAN, IN a ZOPA. I would like to have this soup as a starter. So if he asks you, Would you like to order something already? Yeah. Maybe a wine, a header Ghana in and Vine and advice wine or and I enforced buys it somebody I know Zopa and the starter, for example, a soup, carbons on a gluten-free diet might site. Do you also have gluten-free meals or a gluten free meal. Haben Sie our eye in a gluten-free higher myocyte. Or if you're allergic to something, ish been a largish geek and yet nasa. So I'm allergic to peanuts or fill in whatever you are allergic to. Oftentimes, I would say there they they help you with that. Harm and z occur with high as beer. So do you also have an alcoholic or a non sorry, and non-alcoholic beer as well. So literally alcohol if I is alcohol-free. Harbin z our ICA, who have high as beer. Do you also have a non-alcoholic beer? Okay, recap. What did we learn? Vocabulary? So our cout important, voiced a very important, you're given user Zuber Vasa bought cutoff in, then verb, SN, Incan, then gown is something like to make it stronger. I would like each mark scan. I like that a lot. Cain was a negation inch McMahan is to taste. And then we had the Jakarta and also kind of what to say in a restaurant. That's kind of what we learned. So go back to the slides, maybe make a screenshot. I think there could be quite helpful for you if you go to a restaurant, if you're not in Germany, maybe you'll find a typical German restaurant and you can maybe practice your German. They're a little bit as well. So I think this is a very helpful lesson for you, and I think this will really help you to kind of also practice your German. Next time you have the opportunity to go to a restaurant and really can say a couple of words. Cool, Thank you. 12. Nominativ: Okay, so in this lesson we dive into the topics of cases and cases in German defense is a pretty central topic of the German grammar. So it's kind of like learning what is plus and minus or how to use plus and minus and mathematics, it's pretty fundamental. So be very careful or tape pay attention, I should say, to this lesson because it will kind of be a fundamental stone for your later progress. Okay, So the cases in German, we have four cases in the German language, nominative, accusative, dative, narrative. And the first case that we're looking at is the nominative case, and that's pretty much the base case, the simplest case. What do we do here? Pretty much nothing. They look up in the dictionary. The word does auto for example. Then you'll find there does. And so the cases, it's important the way how you adjust the articles, which we will look into later, as you can see here also on the table. And the way that what you find in the dictionary is always in the nominative case. There is. It's kind of like the base case. Nothing has changed, nothing is changed. So that's the very base case scenario. Then we have the accusative, we can see changes there. We have the dative case, we have to make changes there and the genitive. But we only have four cases in German language. Okay, before we look at the nominative case in more detail, let's ask why we have cases in the German language and pretty much to show the relationship between the parts of the sentence. Okay, what do I mean by relationship? So in this example sentence, we can see they are MAN cuffed, dBi, which means the man buys the ball. Pretty clear there, Mankoff didn't buy. Here. The man is the subject of the case. And that subject is always in the nominative case. But we know that the relationship is not that the by the ball buys the men. We can see that the men by the ball. And if we would not use the cases in German, then it wouldn't be clear in the sentence below, dyn by cuffed daimon that the man is actually buying the ball. So the, it helps to show the relationship between those two nouns, the men and the ball. So we use the cases to show the relationship between the parts of the sentence. Because in German, we can rearrange the parts of the sentence. That you can't do an all languages, for example, the, I think the English language is a strict SVO language, which means you want to have a sentence where it's like first S subject, then V for verb, and then O for object, SVO. But German is not a strict SVO language, which means we can rearrange that. We can put the object first, then the verb, and then the subject and so on. Okay, so why do we have the cases? We have the cases to show the relationship between the parts of the sentence and maybe to annoy other people who want to learn the German language because it makes it more difficult to learn it, I would say because, you know, we're in the English language, you can clearly see that you don't need cases and it still works. But we wouldn't have fun practicing grammar if there wouldn't be any cases. Alright, jokes aside, let's dive into what the rules of the nominative case, their first role is the subject, as I mentioned before earlier, is always in the nominative case. Okay, So now you look at me and I like, Okay, Tom, this sentence sounds great, but can you tell me again what is the subject? The subject is the person anymore or thing that is doing the action. What does it mean? Let's look into the men with the ball example. Daimon caliphate didn't buy. So here the man is doing the action. He is buying the ball, and so he is the subject. It's not the ball that is doing the action. The man who is doing the action. So that is the subject of the sentence, and that is always in the nominative case. Here again, DEA man coughed dyn by dN, by cuffed daimon. In both scenarios, the man is the subject. Okay? And the second reason is after the verbs to be design and Verdun, no, sorry not the second reason. The second rule when to use the nominative case is after the verbs to be and to become. So Zion and where an especially important here is Zion because that we use quite often. So when we have a sentence like this, they are Hund ist ein tear. The dog is an animal. You know, I tried to keep the sentence short just so that we kind of understand it. Yeah, just anti-A here we have just in the middle the conjugation of the verb to be. And so they wound is the subject and I in tier is the object. But it's also in the nominative case because we use the verb to be. And so again, if we look at our tables here, we have on the left side the nominative case, and on the right side we have also the nominative case, but in the indefinite articles. So we have India on the left-hand side, Dia, de, does D. So masculine. We use data for feminine, we use D for neutral, we use DUS for plural. We use the, but then for the indefinite articles we use iIn, masculine, feminine, and iron neutral. And then plural would be, there is no a trees, but you could say no tree. So kinda boy or a minor Bohmer, my trees. So we would put an e at the end of the word. Which part of the sentence? Which noun here is the subject? So again, try to think of the subject as the person anymore or thing that is doing the action. Because if you know what the subject of the sentences, then you know what's in the nominative case. So what's the subject here in the sentence, mit dem, fired, feared, daimon, some Supermarket. I'm not translating it into English because then it would be too easy. Mit dem, father feared desert bomb. They are among some supermarket. The subject is the men because he is cycling with the bicycle or he is driving or cycling with a bicycle to the supermarket. So he is doing the action and therefore he is in the nominative case. And we don't have a verb to be. So therefore, that's the only noun, that's the only part of the sentence that's in the nominative case. Here. Frank is an alderman. What is here in the nominative case? Here in the nominative case. So, so Frank is the subject, but an iota MAN is also in the nominative case. In item 1 is not the subject, fungus the subject, but because we use the verb to be is just an item 1. And item 1 is also in the nominative case because we had the two rules. The subject of the sentence is always in the nominative case. And the second robots after the verb to be and to become, we use the nominative case as well. And that's why we use ion item on. I will teach you later on what exactly we have to change for now, it's important that you know, that daemon is masculine. Therefore it's iron. Iron Man, if it would be feminine, let's say Marie is einer iter, then it would change. So that was the nominative case. This is pretty important for you to get this base information of how to identify the nominative case, that the subject is in the nominative case, and that the after the verb to be and to become, we use the nominative case. This is pretty central. And from here, we can go forward with more kind of information about the German grammar. 13. Akkusativ: Okay. And then next case that I'd like to discuss with you is the accusative case. They are Cusa TIF. So we happened in nominative. We had the nominative case and the last lesson or noon be shifting one's Madame accusative case. And how you can see here, we have the table again and then the second row, we have the accusative case. And we will go into this a little bit more in detail, but you can see that it's pretty much exactly the same for the articles, except for masculine. The masculine data changes to Dean. Yeah, so you can see for accusative Dean, then d for feminine stays the same, does for neutral also stays the same and plural D also stays the same. So how would that look like each caliphate Dean cafe or a calcium ion then Cafe. So we have to put an extra e n here for the indefinite article, a, caliphate island cafe. That means I buy a coffee. And so here on the right-hand side, on the left-hand side, that's the same chart that I already showed you, the same table, but on the right-hand side you can see the indefinite articles. So I nn, like we just had with the coffee, each kapha IN cafe. Can you see how it changes from the nominative iIn to ICANN. That's important, but only if Kaffee, the noun cafe, the cafe is masculine. If it would be feminine, it would just stay I enter and neutral ion. So what's the rule about accusative? When do we have to use it? When we talk about the accusative, you have to think about the direct object. What does it mean, the person anymore or thing that is affected by the action of the verb. So here we have each Dim kinda einen up for i by the child and Apple. So here we have. So I'm I and the subject because I'm doing the action, I'm buying something and the something that I'm buying, the something that is directly impacted, directly affected is the apple that I'm buying and indirectly affected is dim kin. And that's then the dative case, which we will look later on. But here we focus on iron and up through which is the direct object. Because we are directly buying it. It's directly impacted by the action of the verb. Okay, and then the second rule. So the first one was thinking about the direct object for the accusative, what is directly affected by the action of the verb? In this example, it was the apple, and now we have certain prepositions. What are prepositions? Prepositions are something like here for without, against, through, and around. And those prepositions after those prepositions, we use also always the accusative case. And so I, well, I created this. I don't know if that exists already or not, but I tell my clients fuck do. Which just is a funny thing to remember. The first letters of all of those prepositions that are otherwise, maybe a little bit more difficult to remember. Yeah, so all those prepositions, when you have that preposition in a sentence, after those prepositions, you will use the accusative case. And what do you have to do in the accusative case? Change the articles that we looked at earlier. For example, each Calvin einen, buyer for your myelin, Buddha. So Buddha as masculine, the brother, I buy a ball for my brother. So here we have the preposition fuel and after failure, we then have my ANN. It could also be. So my name is My and the my, the possessive pronoun, you adjust that in the same way as you would adjust the ion. So either mine or iIn, it's pretty much the same. But because it's the accusative case, we have to put the e at the end, so instead of fewer mine Buddha, to save your mind then border. Looking at this sentence, where do you find the accusative object? Didn't buy a coffee, finished? I am actually not translating it because then it's too easy for you. So find here the accusative object in that sentence. Which one is it? And the answer is Dean buyer. So the buyer is, the ball is not the subject. It's an object because we are, it's the direct object because we are directly affecting it. In this case, I, the sentence means, I don't buy the ball. The ball by I naught, there will be the direct translation. But because we are directly impacting the ball, we are the subject, we are the person, animal, or a thing that is doing the action in this case, ish. And the buyer is the accusative object because it has impacted by me, by the action of the word verb by buying. What is here, the accusative object, Vesta, gate, do, which then park. And the answer is minor. Vesta is the subject. And good. Doing it in park means goes through the park and do wish is the preposition. And that is a preposition after which we always have to use the accusative case. If you remember, folk do the, do with the D stands for Jewish. And this is one of those prepositions of which we always have to use the accusative case and then they in park, That's the accusative object. Okay, so here is a little exercise I'd like you to pause. And also on the right, a corner. In the top right corner you can see the tables again. That should help you to figure out the right, the right, the, the right adjustment for the articles. So please pause here and try to figure out the right answer for all of the, all of those sentences. And the D and the E that you can see that stands for either the direct article that either the definite article or the indefinite article Guo. Okay, so I hope you paused here and let's now look into the answer. Revere FAQ. How often Dean Baum, we are selling the tree. Baum is masculine, therefore, we say Dean bomb does Kinte hat i in a cutscene. The child has a cat. Cat as feminine. That's why I NA, xi1 Fatah least and Boo, his father's reading a book. And I in blue has neutral, so we don't have to do ICANN. We just do ion because it's the accusative case, but neutral. Nafta him under leaf Z and VI. And in film, after the lesson we will see or we see a movie. And the movie is, or a movie is the accusative object and it's masculine. And therefore its IN film. There Baum is ionized to Aisha. The tree is an old OK. And so OK is the type of tree. And here they are. Baum is in this case the subject. And then we have East, but we actually have the nominative case. It just looks as if it would be the accusative case. But as you remember, after IST, which is the, which is to be, we always use the nominative case, but nothing changes here. It's the same as if we would use the accusative case because it's feminine. Okay, let's recap that again. When do we use the nominative case? We use the nominative case for the subject of the sentence. What is the subject? That's the person anymore or thing that is doing the action. And we use the nominative case after the verb xi1 and Vaden and the accusative case, which was the focus of this lesson, we after the, well, for the, for the direct objects. So what is directly impacted by the action of the verb? That is in the accusative case. And after certain prepositions, the list that I gave you earlier, the Fock do. After those, we also use the accusative case. So I hope this was helpful for you. Please practice this some more with the exercises. 14. Küche - kitchen: De Cusa. In this lesson, we will learn about five activities in the kitchen for activity hidden in there, Cusa and fund, gig, gig and standard deck osha order India conjecture you can say Bose either use the dative case or the genitive case. Funf gig in standard, Trisha is five objects of the kitchen. So we learned those two things. Sounds little has a big impact because it will teach you a couple of very helpful verbs and a couple of very helpful nouns that are used in everyday German. This, I use it regularly. Let's start with the activity didn't dare Cooja, five activities of the kitchen. Okay, so the first one is Baumgarten, which is to fry or even to roast. For example, each part IN stake. On the left-hand side, you can see the conjugation of cotton is utter. Do breadth-first zs red via Powhatan ear, parotid, z bar 10. So instead of iron steak, I could say via POD are 10 and steak or do progressed. I stake quo. Next one backend is to bake again before we had our 10, which is to fry or to roast. And this one is back-end, which is to bake mine, a motor backed IN and Cohan, my mother is baking a cake. Minor motor backed IN coupon. If you want to changes, we could say via backend IN and Cohan, we are baking a cake via backend and cuckoo. Again, on the left side you have the conjugation table important. Each backer do next. Emacs effect via backend, year backed Z, backend. Just a little question to you. What again is the second one from the bottom, year backed? What does here mean? It's important to not get this wrong? Year? Is the you plural like you guys, you plural. We had that in the lesson of the pronouns. So make sure you keep that in mind. Year is you plural and then the Z is they like they over, over there, they, but you plural like U2 or U3 is a different one then they, just to keep that in mind quo, All right, enough of teacher mode. Then we have Cochran. We just have vacuum. Now we have cotton, which is to cook via covalent molecular might cite conjugation, cover, do cost, SES, cost via coffin, year caught Z, coffin via Cohan unelected at my side, which is we are cooking a delicious meal. Multi-site is the mere, which actually means meal time, but we use that also to say a meal demand-side the meal via coffin, either liquid or mindset. And then Schneiderman, well, I get kinda like when you prepare the food, is Schneider. Schneider at the cotton air, Schneider D, cotton. Cotton, very difficult carrots. He is cutting the carrots. So each Schneider do Schneider just as yes, she needed via Schneiderman year Schneider it Z Schneider. And so the verb Schleiden is took up, for example, to cut the carrots. Alright, and then we have Machen. That's quite like a pretty basic verb because it just means to make or to do. And is also pretty helpful in the kitchen, for example, via modern Haida art board. We are making dinner today or we're doing dinner today. So our urban road, the literal translation would be the evening bread, which we use as dinner. You can also say oftentimes in the German language via mock anointed dinner. But like at least in where we're like in Berlin. And like many of the, I don't know, people that I talked to, they would say oven port via my of import. So each MFA do MST is yes, mocked via muffin. Year marked the man. Now you, which is the right answer here. So we want to say, I am baking the potatoes. We know it's baking. And now you have to find out, is it a backhoe or B bucket? Which is the right answer. And obviously, the right answer is backer. Can you see it? Each backer there in the first row? Each backer. So you have to put the e at the end. That's the same kind of like conjugation. Cool. Next one, my brothers cutting the bread. Mind Buddha Schneider, it does board. Main board. Schneider just does port. Which one is the right answer? And the right answer is, are my Buddha Schneider it does. Bought mine Buddha Schneider it does bought my brothers cutting the bread. Okay, and now funf gig and standard deck Trisha, five objects or kind of like devices in the kitchen. So first one is, yeah, you surprise the fridge. They are crucial. Wang, I would say is pretty important. That's also quite a funny word. So they accused Wang literally means the cooling shelf or the cooling draw. Yeah, exactly. So I don't have to say much more to that. We combine the existing words, create a new one, and then it's, it's quite easy to actually remember those words, I think because oftentimes they are, the word is exactly what they're doing. Like a shelf or a draw that is cooling. So their crew shrunk. For example, each name at the Buto, I was Diem Qj hunk. I'm taking the butter out of the fridge, each named the boots or steam crucial. Next one day are often like pretty much like an English. The oven. Each harbor IN funtion him often, I have a chicken in the oven. Each harbor and Huichen him often. Does. Beckon, is the kitchen sink. So does your banking is not sluggish, would mean the kitchen think is useful. Thus cubic and it is useful. And tried to remember the, the article that gender. So we had dare crew shrunk masculine. What, what else did we have? We had DUS spew beckon. Yeah, so that is neutral. And before that we had DEA, often masculine. Now. So here we have data, Vasa HON, which is the water tap. That actually here means water. Male chicken, I think, or something like that. Han is the male chicken, the rooster. So actually water rooster is the direct translation for the water tap. Don't ask me why I have no idea. Funny word though. They are Vasa hand defended the Indonesia. The the water tap is located in the kitchen. They are Vasa hand in de Cusa. You might ask, why is it dia kosher? But you are saying dk Azure. It's because we are using the dative case here. We're using a case. That's why it changes from indie Cooja through India kosher. We will look into that at another time in another lesson, dusky show the dishes. Dusk issue is dragging. The dishes are dirty, does the shell, does Kisho? And now let's do some more exercises. Thus is does so let me help you. It's the water rooster. Do you remember what the right word is? The right word is there was a one. Plus ion, the water rooster, the water tap. That's the that's the right answer. Is does. Okay, So now you're probably also thinking about my analogy. And your right Dia, Qj hunk DEA Kui Zhang, that's the right answer of us. Just does. What is that? Okay, I didn't have a great analogy here, so that's maybe a little bit more difficult. It starts with shrew. And the answer is Backend. Backend is like a basin does. Backend. And that is kind of like the, the, what I think like an important part of the vocabulary that you need in a kitchen. There is a lot more vocabulary. And I'm sure I can kind of create some more material at some point to that, but let's not focus too much on this. Let's get a couple of things, right, and then we can move on from here. So I hope this lesson taught you some valuable, especially verbs that you can use. 15. Wohnen - living: Okay, so in this lesson, we are talking about volun, which means living. Or you could also use that as a verb to live von n. And so specifically here in an apartment or in a house. And we will learn some vocabulary that is kind of like fundamental and really important. All right, so the first one is, does house does, how is pretty easy the house neutral. And then the plural is d omega d horizontal, again does house D Visa. So and now we have the apartment D volume. The volume and then the plural would be the Von Neumann, D, Vernon. Okay, and the room is, does sigma, does CEMA. And here it's important that you say it with a sharp zed, not Zimmer, not does Zimmer, but does CEMA really important? And plural d, Sigma. Yeah, So as we can see, devo Norman de hoy is the plural article is always d, as we already learned. Cool. So now this is a German sentence and I'd like you to think about what that means. Mine house, hut, feel it. Cema by my volume, hut notes by Sima. Mine. So I help you feel a means many. And Newell is only now so feel as many and newer is only mine house, hut, feel it sigma by minor varname, hut, nodes by CMA. So in the translation would be, my house has many rooms, but my apartment has only two rooms. Now. So we are here kind of like pretty much having the same sentence structure as an English. There is like, kind of like minor differences. But we have the House, mine house, we have the Sigma does similar or in this case actually did summer because it's many rooms. Then we have D, which is the apartment, and then we have a soma. Again. My in-house at field at Summa ABA minute warning had Northside Sama does give avoider. The building does avoider. On thes plural I've ever done d cuboid. So in plural it, it is the cuboid. And now the stairs D, D together and plural D, Japan, the troponin. Then we have a DUS bonded soma, thus bothered soma, That's the bath, like the bathroom. And if you want to form the plural here, it's the same. It's D bought at soma divided sigma. And we are kind of referring here to. So when we combine two nouns and German like dashpot and dust summer, then we use the gender of the last one. So in this case, both is neutral, but we would have to use the gender schema even if Bot would be masculine or feminine. Thus bonded soma and plural debited soma. So how would you say this one in English? And thus keep goiter had the high clip and maybe you remember the numbers. Does good avoider had the high tech Japan. Yes, you probably guessed this one. The building has three flights of stairs. D von Gemeinschaft. D von Gemeinschaft is in Germany. We also say the DV, which is something like the, the shared flat, where like multiple people live in the same apartment, but they're not related. So that is quite common, especially in bigger cities in Germany and Berlin and Hamburg mentioned cone and so on, not so much in the smaller cities. D warn Gemeinschaft. The one-dimensional, actually the Gemeinschaft is something like the, the commune or the kinda of like the fellowship reminds me a bit of Lord of the Rings. But so here it's like living commune, the living fellowship, de Born Gemeinschaft. The landlord, the person who rents out to you is DEA, fair Meta data for meter. And actually the person who rents would be their meta just without the fall. And here also it's important that you say the v sharp DEA found meta, not there, Val meter or something like that. Dea found meter. And here we have a verb and a noun. So on cn is to move, like to move houses. And they are on 2k is the move also like in order to move houses. Now. So see in India, ohms 2k. Dear family perished. Madame von Gemeinschaft. What does this mean? Their families perished mid-air wound Gemeinschaft. You might know that comes from suppression, which is to talk question. So the translation would be dia, a family. The landlord speaks to the commune of shared apartments. I don't know, whatever the best translation, therefore, von Gemeinschaft us. And so the landlord speaks to the, to the people who live in the fletcher. Alright, so this was like kind of a little introduction into a couple of important verbs and words that are important nouns for you to kind of use when maybe moving to Germany, when living in Germany. And to kind of get like good base of a couple of nouns that you can use in your everyday life. When you talk about your house, your apartment, your maybe your flat share to your landlord, and so on. So I hope you enjoyed this lesson. 16. Akkusativ Präpositionen: So this is another lesson, an important one, accusative deposits shown an accusative prepositions. So you'll remember that we talked about the accusative case. So the accusative case is the, when we're talking about the direct object, if you kind of don't remember exactly, then just go back and watch the accusative lesson again. So, but what I also said is that we have a couple of prepositions after which we always have to use the accusative case. And we will now look into these prepositions. So the first one is fewer. Fewer. So fewer means something like four. For example. I'm buying this for my new apartment is Caliphate does. You could also, just instead of DUS, you could, you could just say if Calvert D and tush, fewer mine, annoy your Warnock. Or, or I buy this for my new apartment. Ish kapha. Thus fewer minor know your volume. And so here after fuel. So minor NAIA, varname, that all is in the accusative case. So volume here is the noun that is in the accusative case, the noise and adjective. So we have to decline the adjective, which we looked at some point into more detail. And then minor is here, the possessive pronoun, which in this case, d warning is feminine. So we have to, it's like i-in. In the accusative case, I in a minor, know your volume. And this means I'm buying this for my new apartment. So after the preposition, That's the most important one that I want you to remember. After the preposition fuel, we always use the accusative case. If you, again want a reminder how to do it and so on, you can look at the lesson regarding accusative. Cool. The next one is owner, which means something like without each Lieber owner minus eta. And in Deutschland, each Lieber owner minus a1. In Deutschland, I live, actually, the better translation would be ish. I live without my parents in Germany. Yeah. So I could also obviously say I live in Germany without my parents. But like the kinda of like word for word translation. Each Libo owner minor eta1 in Deutschland. And so after owner minor, a town that a tightness in the accusative in, then there's something else in, is a two-way proposition. And so Deutschland is in another case. But so we look into that also in another lesson. The important thing is that not everything after owner is in the accusative case, but only the noun eta1 is in the accusative and then the possessive pronoun, whatever the word before is that is also in the accusative case. D again, which means against each lean Kagan dividend, I'm leaning against the wall, or I lean against the wall initially in the mesh Keegan div and the mesh here actually shows that lean n is reflexive. This topic is called reflexive verbs or reflexive pronouns. That's also another topic is leaner Michigan dividend. Dividend is the wall AND gate again is accusative. So the wall is here in the accusative case and Van is feminine, so it just stays dividend. Each Lena, Michigan dividend. So what did we have so far? We had four, we had owner and we had Gideon for without against. And the next one is do wish, door ish. Each gear do wish mine soma, soma is neutral, so it just stays mine. Soma, I go through my room, each gear, the Jewish mind, CEMA. Do you remember which of the accusative prepositions we have those? So far, What was the first one? Fewer, whereas the second one or no, then we had Gilligan and then do wish, which is through okay. Each gear do wish mine similar. And then we have OEM via GYN. Does cuboidal can mean a couple of things most of the time it means around. And so here we are going around the building. Remember we learned does cuboidal via given desk avoided? We go around the building. Okay, so those were the accusative prepositions. Let's go through them again. Actually, I tried to remember is with folk do, it doesn't mean anything, but that means f, o, g, d, u. So the f is for, the O is for owner. G is for Gilligan. And then DU Doidge on own, flock to fewer owner. Kagan do wish on something like that. There are also a couple of videos on YouTube that you can find, like some songs where people sit there with a guitar and kind of tried to teach you that way how to remember them better. So whatever way works for you best, just, it's important that you remember those. Let's look into the sentence. Which of these prepositions would you choose? Each father do wish Kagan, or there are fewer diktat. Each father, Deutsch Kagan, fewer dish dot. And so this means something like I drive and then dish dot is the city. So each far her door ish dish dot h file Deutsch dish dot I drive through the city. I don't drive against the city or I don't drive for the city. I drive I drive through the city. And then we have DCIS gushing, just gay again, sorry, do wish Gilligan or their fear dish. Get shank is the present. So this present is dish, is you accusative obviously. So, which is the right one? Fewer. Loops, fewer, exactly. Dcis Courchene is fewer dish. These are squishing. Fewer days. This present is for you. Okay. So then we have our last exercise for today. So I'd like you to take some time to stop the video. Pause the video here, take your white sheet of paper and kind of like, really like go back and think, okay, which of the prepositions do we have? What does each of the sentence mean? And so what is the right answer here? So pause please, and then we look into the answer. Okay, I hope you paused. It's really important that you did. That helps you the best. Quote, I give, you know the answers. Each calcium ion and cafe fewer default. That means I buy a coffee for the woman. The FAO is in the accusative. Island cafe is actually also in the accusative because we, we buy, what do we buy a coffee? What do we buy for the woman? A coffee, california and cafe for each trader gig. And then by Gilligan didn't buy, I kick against the ball. So to create 10 in the infinitive is to kick and then create a Kagan did by that spear funded on at sushi washed that. Does spear fended owner to shower Ashdod. The game happens or takes place, stopped finden, that's a separable verb. That spear offended on a tutor or start, the game takes place without. And then we actually don't use an article here at superpowers like watchers, viewers, fans, the crowd. So the game happens without the crowd, takes place without the crowd. Each father medium auto, OEM, ANZ. Each father mit dem auto or the ANZ, I drive with the car around the lake. So here we have not all of them, but four of the prepositions that we have. So do you remember which are all the prepositions for the accusative facto owner, Gilligan, do wish on. Now. So I hope this lesson kind of helps you a little bit easier to identify the accusative case because you don't really need to follow all the kind of accusative rules. If there is a preposition in there and you know its accusative, then it's easy, then you don't need to think about, oh, is it the direct object? Do I have to ask what, and so on? No. You just know. It's it's, it's, it's, it's, it's a preposition that preposition changes the noun after that to the accusative. Easy. So I know how to adjust the articles and everything else. Cool. I hope you found this lesson helpful. See you next time. 17. Dativ: And the dative case. In this lesson, we are going to learn about the dative case, one of the four cases we have, the nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive case. So the date of one. We've already discussed the nominative case, which is kind of the base case. Then we discussed the accusative case, which is about the direct object. And now we're talking about the indirect object. And let's use this example, DEA Minecraft IN a bloomer, the man is buying a flower. So the man is the subject. He is the person anymore thing that is doing the action. In this case, the person cough, just to buy edges are normal verb, and then IN a bloomer, a flower. So the man goes and buys the flower. The flower is directly impacted. Then we have DR. Man, California Deaf, how I in a bloomer. So here the men goes. He buys a flower for the woman. And the woman is actually here, indirectly impacted because he goes, he kind of like directly buys, does something with the flower. And then in the end, like it's for the woman, but she is indirectly impacted. And so then we don't say def howl, but the changes to the day of how? So again, the nominative case is the subject, which is the person anymore thing that is doing the action. Or we also use the nominative case of design. Then we have the accusative, which is about the direct object, and now the data is about the indirect object. So think about something when you see it in the sentence, is directly impacted by the action of the verb, or indirectly impacted by the action of the verb. So we then maybe here again, just to illustrate that a little bit, determine the subject is the conjugated verb, the indirect object, day of how the direct object D, bloom or bloomer. I know people miss the flower. Okay, So what do we have to do in the dative case? So as you can see here, the masculine DEA changes to DM. Dm, not them, but the DM, the feminine D, like default changes to data therefore. And then we have the neutral, which is the same as for the masculine. We have DUS, changes to DM, does changes to them, and then D is Dean. So plural d becomes day-in, day in. So again, Diem, diem day in, not the den, but the dean. Cool. All right, so how sorry, like what here is now the dative case z calved Iran point IN and z, z Iran point IN and she buys her boyfriend and armchair. Which one? Here is the dative case? Yes. Exactly. Elm point that the dative case. Why? Because she is buying the armchair, then z, that is the one that does directly impact, but her boyfriend 11 is the dative case. That's the indirect object here. And so that's why we use ERM for point. So that is the first-world, the indirect object for the data. But then we also ligand the accusative. We have certain prepositions after which we always use the date of case. For example, here, hours, which is from what we will do another separate lessons on those date of prepositions. Lets just look into them. So hours, which is from or off by as at gig and Uber is opposite, MIT is with, now, is after reside as since fun as from Sue is two and bist Suez kind of like AP2. So all those prepositions, when you see those in a sentence after those, we use the dative case. And what is important about the dative case, you have to apply the article rules. So you have to say ish, MIT my NAV partner and so partner when it's a female partner, which should be usually D partner and which is my partner in. But because we have here the mosque masculine one, it is each cow for mine now, partner than so, sorry, we have the feminine, but in the date of so it looks like masculine. It Calvin, mid, minor partner and Ayana volume. It's colorful. Mid my partner and I know volume and buying with my partner, with my female partner and apartment. So AF here we can see MIT, which is a preposition. And after MIT, we always use the dative case that the predominant reason here why we use the date of minor partner, okay, which is here, the right article to choose via frog and now the price, so we are asking for the price. The price that little m after that in brackets means masculine. So which one would you choose here? Exactly. We would choose dim view of HOG and nach dem price. Damn, that's pretty easy, right? We have, we know it's a masculine noun. We know after now we have the dative case. That's a preposition after which we always use the data of praise case. So it is deem via flag and nav dem pies. And then we have also certain verbs after which we always use the dative case, something like health and to help Underwater to answer to Hoagland, to listen to get Hogan, which means to belong to and a lot more. So here we have hyphen each heifer, meinem Schuller, I help my student Health. My name is Sheila. I help my students. So again, we have the indirect object, That's the first rule. Then we have certain propositions after which we always use the dative case. Then we have certain verbs after which we always use the dative case. And then we also have the two-way prepositions which we look into at some point. Okay, and this is the exercise I'd like you to do. Pause the video here. Please take your time to really look into it. A little tip. This is all in dative, so everything you have to choose here is in data. But I'd like you to find the right ending. So how do I know when it's feminine? So everything that is in brackets there tells you F is feminine and it's for neutral, and M is for, is for masculine, and sorry, but ringer. And then child is neutral as well. Child is neutral as well. And you have to look into my table that I showed you earlier, maybe go back and find the right one to two to put in. So I give you a little break, pause the video here, and then I will tell you the answers. All right, So ish pressure MIT DFT, how I speak with the woman? How is feminine? After the verb MIT, we use the dative case. So this is why pressure mid day of how to urban is a verb after which we always use the dative case, Ish, sorry, via Herman DEM lead to, we are listening to the song number 3, mit meinem wound. So after MIT, we always use the dative case so that dark as masculine. So it's my nm mid minus 1 gear, wished in park with my dog. I go through the park and the last one is bring a dim Kinte dN by. This is something like I am bringing the ball to the child. So I'm bringing literally directly impacting the ball. And what does indirectly impacted is the child. So we are bringing the ball direct object to the child, indirect object. And that's why dim Kinte, child does Kinte is neutral. So this was the little kinda of like introduction to dative case. We will have more to do with the dative case. Important is what are the rules for the dative case? First, the indirect object, then after certain prepositions are an end. After certain verbs, we always use the dative case. Thank you very much. 18. Plural: Okay, So this is a little lesson about how to form plurals. They are plu high. So let's look at some rules that you can apply and kind of figure out like, what's the plural form of the noun that you're, that you want to kind of put into the pleural. Those rules are great. But oftentimes what I also think is, the more you speak, the more you use the German grammar, the German language in general, you will figure out the plural of many nouns just kind of like by osmosis, by just like practicing the German language. So those rules are great, but oftentimes it takes a little bit too much time to think, what was the rule again and which ending do I have to use? So I'm gonna give you the rules. But I do think that just practicing speaking German and reading German and so on has like an also a great effect on figuring out what the plural of certain nouns are. Cool. All right, so all nouns have a plural form. That's kind of like important first thing, and then the second is the article of the pros always d. Yeah, so it's not data, it's not dust, it's not DM. I mean, in the nominative case and the base case, It's always dy, Cool. So when to add an N or an EN to the noun in order to make it a plural. So we have here, so here, when we have masculine nouns that end with an e, e, n, t, a and D. A and T, IST or OL. Then we are putting in E, N or an n at the end. For example, their pianist, the piano player D P and this 10, because they're pianist, ends with an I and t. It's something like they are practical and D, practical content. The intern. So when you have endings like this and they are masculine nouns, then you put an N or an n at the end. When you have feminine nouns that end with an e in yawn, IQ, height, kite, shaft, Ted, or OK. Then you put also an N or an n at the end, but they have to be feminine noun, but usually announced that and like this are always feminine. So the varName, the Von Norman de volume, the volume in there, they're like deep, I don't know. De Fu Xun, the foos, Yohanan, iron, I couldn't think of a better one, but there are plenty of nouns that we have that use those roads. And the third one is the ending MA, UM, and us. Like in foreign words, are also usually, usually replaced with an EN. So for example, it does TMR is d t Amen. So the topic does TMA. And then the topics is D Taemin because that's Tim is actually like a, like an unlit says Most word that comes from a different language. Oftentimes like English or French or some, some Latin based language. And then we, if, if it ends with an MA or own or U-S, Then we exchange this and put an EN at the end. Okay, So this is, these are the rules for when to add an N or an EN in the plural. So now went to A1, A0 at the end. And the plural masculine nouns that end with a endings oil. Each year, IQ, link, or something like dead fish databases, the carpet, deta Pasha, they are shuttling dish Metallica at the link. So there are many nouns, masculine nouns that end with like, LNG and IQ, and year. And those ones just get an e at the end. Many single syllable feminine nouns. And that we have in the German language like the hunt. Then also just get an e at the end. And then you form, in this case here, the a into an umlaut, Dee Hunt D hinder, the hunt D hinder. And we get an e at the end. Okay, when to add an S at the end. I know this is a lot of rules. That's why you can kind of go back. And I want to present you the roles. I want to give you the rules, but I also do think it's, it's kind of like it's helpful to know about the rules, but it's also important that you just practice the German language. And then you remember the plural of many of the nouns just like that without actually always going back to the rules. But some of the rules are really helpful, especially the one with Kite and linking and, and what we have to put at the end there. Okay, So when to add an S at the end. So masculine, feminine, neutral nouns that end with E or epsilon, something like d, party, the parties or that does auto D autos. Does auto D autos. So we just put in an S at the end. Actually in English, you wouldn't write the, you wouldn't write the y, right? You would write IES parties in German. We also we don't do that with hobbies as well. Hobbes, we spell with an H, O, BB, YS. We don't change the Y into an IEE. We use, we just put an S at the end. Sorry. The other example it does auto. Auto was the one that I just used. Okay. To practice this a little bit, Let's look at some of the nouns and let's see if we can find the, the plural form for that. On the right side, you can see the translation. And if you go back in the video, then you will hopefully be able to figure out which rule you have to apply for which. Now in here, okay, so pause the video, take a pen and paper and try to write down the version that you think is the plural. And please pause here and then I will tell you the answers. All right, So D, zone D, What's your name? Because it ends with an I, O, N d, u, and n d, That's Union. So and, and they are practical and ends with an a and T. And then it's D practical content. So here we have at the end and a and therefore D, o pass, just get an S at the end like auto does, auto, D autos. All right, so I hope that you kind of like understood a little bit about how we form the plural. Again, I know this is a lot of rules. You can go back and practice those a little bit, but don't practice them too much over time. You will figure out the plural of many nouns just by osmosis, just overtime. Thank you very much. 19. Konjunktionen: Okay, Let's talk about corneum tune in or connector words. There are actually three types of connector words. Corneum, tune-in, zooplankton, and conduct tonight at Vivian, which in English I think would be conjunctions such junctions and conditional or conjunctional adverbs. We just look at the first list today because it's the easiest to start with and also the most useful for you for now. So what do I mean by that? Wouldn't order Sunda and then those are all the cranium soon and that we kind of need to look at. 1d means end. Rpa is but order is or zonula illness, but rather DO is also bought and then is because, okay, so what do we have to do here? We have to first use, so we have the sentence, the first sentence, then we say wouldn't, for example. And then we again have the subject verb object structure. What do I mean by that is as a Fujita comma 0 and SRE as if no comma wouldn't. Ish, herbal mosaic together with the wound, we don't use the comma. So as a F22 wouldn't each Hoover mosaic. So the issue is the subject, whoever is the conjugated verb, and then the rest. Yeah, So we keep that structure. I eat breakfast and I listen to music. So wouldn't it is pretty straight forward like the English end. Then we have our blue or dark, which both means but my Boyden mocked up and port my girlfriend makes dinner tonight. Issue most up version. I have to clean the dishes. So I could say my coordinate must hold it up and board are the most up version, but I have to clean the dishes. So our bow here is this conjunction. And again, you could also use DAS. And then after you have to use ish, which is the subject, the person anymore thing that is during the action, then the conjugated verb, and then the rest. So you don't change anything in the structure there. Then we have order which means or each gear, Shaphan, gear phi n. You have an idea what that means. Shaphan is to sleep and fire and actually means to party. So I go sleeping, I go to sleep, or I go to party. And again, ish, gear, fire. Just the normal structure is cash laugh and order this gear phi n. Then we have Zander. So here the special thing about London is the first part has to be a negation. So something negative, ish, but ceiling niche, I do not go for a walk instead or, but rather I go for a hike. Issue, vanilla ish but Sierra niche, Zhan, De and vanilla. And here again, the Zhan down is the connector word. Then we have the subject, then we have the conjugated verb, and then we don't have arrest here, so we just stop there. The important thing about Zhan done is that each but Sierra finished that part of the sentence has to be in a negative way. Yeah. But other than this X1, W1 is pretty straightforward. And then we have, because which you could use with Den, then each hub a field site. I have a lot of time. It's most hygienist arbeiten. I don't have to work today. Each harbor feared side then ish, most hotel finished arbeiten. So each have a feud side. That one is clear. Then we have the comma, then the conjunction, the connector word, then the subject. In this case, most is the conjugated verb. Arbeiten is not the conjugated verb, that's just another verb, but that's not conjugated. It just stays in the plain version because most is a modal verb. What that exactly means we will look into at some point as well. So then each moose Hoyt finished arbeiten, then we just use the rest of the sentence and the other 10 that kind of goes to the end the infinitive verb. But don't focus on that. The important thing is that Den and then the subject and then the conjugated verb. Okay, so which one is the right one here? Each Gish, beta, sewer Arbeit und den support each gear. So Arbeit und das. Then if my hotshot, what's the right connector words you choose? Then? Because so it means end. So that would mean something like I go later to work and I do sport. Yes, that could work a little bit, but because I say later, we're better is here. I go later to work because I do sports. Maybe, uh, I do sports in the morning or before. That would make me make it even more clear. The dog. What does dopamine again? Dock with something like but so better here is because den and then we have VHD and flew off, offstage and as a, as a separable verb. So we get up early in the morning order, and then we are drinking coffee. We drink a coffee. Which one here is the right conjunction to choose? And the right answer is. And so here we get up early in the morning, so or it doesn't work because like I get up early in the morning or we drink a coffee. Now, It's usually do kind of like like both of them, not either. And then means because I get up early in the morning because I drink a coffee, hum could work, but definitely better as we get up early in the morning and we drink a coffee. And then here we have the wound and then we via clink and einem coffee VIA, that's the subject. Then to Lincoln as the conjugated verb, and then Island Coffee, That's the direct object, the accusative object here. So those are the conjunctions. Do you remember which there were? Let's go back. Wouldn't RPA order Zhan down? And then, so those six conjunctions are really important. Try to memorize them, or at least the ones that you don't know, you probably know already a couple of them. And memorize the structure that you ate you have to use after. That's the important part. Thank you very much. 20. Dativ Präpositionen: Okay, and now we are talking about the dative prepositions, d dot, TIF papers, it's union. You remember the dative case? We spoke about? The dative case in terms of the indirect object, is also saying that after certain propositions we always use the dative case and after certain verbs. And then there are two-way proposition, this number four as well. But we now look at step number 2, the date of prepositions in a little bit more detail. There are great songs about the date of prepositions that you also can find. I could annoy you with playing guitar. I don't know if you can see it behind me, but I spare you of this. So I like, give you a couple of example sentence and hopefully you will kind of get a feeling for, well, what the translation of those date of prepositions is and how to use the data of after that. Cool, Let's start. So those are all the data of prepositions, hours by gig and UBA MIT, now Zeit, fun too, and bist SU. All right, so and look, let's look into each of those into detail. Just as a little reminder, we, what do we do in the dative case? The masculine data changes to DM and the article, the feminine D changes today, or the neutral does changes to DM and the plural D changes today in. Also when you use a dative plural, then make sure you put an n at the end of the, of the noun. So for example, MIT Dan, Qin down with the children. And then usually the plural of D Does Qin is D Kinda. But for dative plural, you actually put an n at the end of the Known as well. Okay, but that aside, let's look at the date of prepositions. Each comma, guitar, the OS, they are Schuller. I just got back from school. So here we use hours as the preposition. So ours can mean a lot of things that can mean out. It can mean from, and so on. There is another section that I will do on preposition in prepositions in general, because some prepositions have a lot of meaning. For example, alfalfa has a lot of meanings. And so I just give you the most common meanings. So if comic at odd hours, they're Schuller and shoelace feminine. So we changed the Schuller to DEA Schuller. I just got back from school. Then we have each bin by an artist. So here we use BY when I want to say at the doctor, I'm at the doctor or I'm at the doctor's place. And so usually you would say each bin by Dame arts. But what we oftentimes do in the German language is we combine the buy together with the, with the article. But that only works here with the masculine or with the neutral. When you couldn't say by like the feminine data, you couldn't combine that, just the masculine and the neutral. Each bin by an artist, I'm at the doctors. So usually it is their odds, but that could be changed to dim. My end behavior is getting IBA there. Schuller, my office is across from the school. So again, d. Schuller changes to day Yoshua and giving Uber means something like opposite of or across from minor Omar. Good, mid year them hunt some arts. So here we have two in one sentence. So my grandmother goes with her dog to the doctor. So mid is a date of preposition and then we have her dog. That's a little bit the ear drum that's a little bit more difficult, but it also ends with an EM, because we have the masculine dark changes to DM and Sue, dim artist to the doctor. To oftentimes as when you use a movement, you're going somewhere, then you use the preposition Sue. And then they're asked changes to Dame asked and then we combine it, combine the CSU and the DMM to some some artist. My grandma goes with her dog to the doctor minor, Omar would our gross motor gate mid-year them hunt some artist. Nafta image jack, S and G and via SSH but coelom. Now the MIT Jack isn't given via spots 11. After lunch, we go for a walk. So now, as it means something like after so does mid-August some changes to DM, me, Jack ASM. Then we have when I look at it, almost have to Gan, and that's what yawning means in German canon. As well. So Zeit means something like since here I've translated it for a year, but actually, since a year, I, I always get up at 630. You could you could say that in German like Zeit einem ER does ya in yard changes to einem einem Yazdi, I'ma, on xyx word ice age of so site. We use it as since something like that. Then PFK-1 is from funding. Nice place. So after fun, we always use the dative case, like all the propositions that we look at. So it does fuji took the breakfast that changes to deem foolish doc. We could also say from, from, we combine it from F22 is finished, Smith replaced. There is nothing nothing left from the break fast, off the brake fast. Okay. Again, here are all the propositions that we just looked at, our spiking an Uber mit Zeit, fun too. And Br2. And I, we didn't look at Bisk Zoo, but it's pretty much very similar to sue. Okay, and now let's do a little exercise at the end. So please pause here, figure out the right preposition, the right date of preposition to put here, to put here into the gaps, and then I see you. And on the other end, please pause here. All right, I hope you paused. Let's see what the entries each pressure MIT my Nash Vesta, I am speaking with my sister. Not to my knowledge. Vesta, it's MIT minus Vesta because sewers more like a movement where you have to kind of go somewhere, fun. There are obeyed bys sue minor volume isn't as newer IN 100 meter. So actually I put here in already the CSU, as you can see. I could have taken that out as well, but from my work to or until two up to my apartment, It's only a 100 meters. So fun. Z villain, nach dem Fujisaki. They play after the break fast guitar. So now as after via Vaughn and gingiva, I now gross and fabric, we live opposite of a big factory. D fabric is the factory via Vaughn and UEBA, I and D fabric feminine. So it changes from einer fabric to ion now fabric. And then the girls, and that's an adjective. That's another topic. Yeah, good. Some artist, he goes to the doctor. You get some artist? Yeah. Ist Fine Arts are by air. Get some artist. So he is at the doctor then we would use by or if he goes to the doctor, then we use Sioux and their odds changes to dim arts. So AIR good to dim arts or some artist, I hope this was helpful for you. Please, like lookup, maybe some songs about the date of preposition. They are quite helpful. I hope this lesson was helpful for you and see you next time. 21. Hobbys: All right, Let's talk about Hobbes. In this lesson, I will kind of give you some examples of hobbies that I think are maybe common and then we create some sentences with those. All right, Let's go into the sentences, right, ten key and to go horse riding, a lightened gain. For example, something like a gear motor right-hand. Each gear whiter writen. I go today writing. So you don't have to say the Fed because usually you don't write anything else. So that's why each gear wheel Right-hand. I thought I'd fallen to cycle via foreign, fathered Via far and whiter to cycle 5, that is the bicycle and foreigners to drive. Then we have women, women which has to swim, something like ish, shimmer, do wish, Dan Zhi, each shimmer dovish, the NZ should have been. So then we have yoga Mohan, yoga Mohan. So for example, def how like in the picture, the FAO mocked yoga. Def how mocked yoga? Or that ish, mantra yoga. I'm var1 and I do yoga in the weekend. Something that I like to do. Foos by PLN, ish spiller, spy my endeavor. Foosball. I play twice a week football, ish. It's Weimar endeavor hot foods by first blush be Lin, computer spiller appealing? I don't know, there are other ways to say that I'm not a big gamer, so I don't know what other ways people use that computer, hellish villain. Computer games play. That's what the literal translation, translation means. So sheesh pillars their games. So you could say something like ish spiller, our bend computer spiller. You could maybe also say ish below computer, would each be Laplace station or does something like that? Each pillar can computers below. I like to play computer games. So my brother plays video games. How would you translate that into German? My brother plays video games. Take a moment, pen and paper. Think about it. And then let's get into the answer. The answer would be mine. Buddha speared video Sheila, Sorry, order, main, Bourdage, beard, computer spiller, my border speared computers below. We also actually say videos, pillar, man, buddha dispute videos. Bella. We do yoga at home. We do yoga at home. How would you translate that into German? We would say via MAC and yoga. So Hauser, via Mohan, yoga to Hauser. So via the subject matter and is the conjugated verb yoga than the object. And so how's it is also another object? Cool to listen to music is Mozi Curlin. Her oven is just to listen. Mozi Kerwin, each herb, mosaic by him jargon. So I listen to music, went jogging to wet running when, when going for a run, ish Herder, mosaic mosaic hour, I hear loud music and then listen to read, listen. Each laser field Abuja, I like, or I read a lot of books. Each laser laser feel Abuja. If laser field Abuja, I read a lot of books. Okay, so now please pause the video here and try to translate those sentence into German. And I see you on the other side. Okay. So we have we go horse riding. My sister is cycling. My dog swims through the lake through as Deutsch. And I listened to music, which is this in German, via gay and writen. Minor, Shrestha fared, far heart, mind, haven't shimmed, do wish DNS server music via gain item minus Vesta fared far that mine haven't shimmed do each day and z each hurdler mosaic. I hope this was helpful and I hope that some of those sentences are also useful for you. And some of the hobbies that you are doing, you can just obviously look up the hobbies that you like to do and kind of use the same logic that we are using here. Thank you very much. 22. Modal Verben: Hi, This lesson is about the modal verb, mush ten. Okay, so let's look into a sentence what that actually means. Mushed her Gleeson, each muster IN brooklyn. So here the modal verb, mush 10 is the one that we conjugate. And then we have lesion, which is the infinitive verb at the end. We also call it the Helped VAB. Okay, what does this mean? Each master, I would like to IN Bu read, listen a book, each mesh the iron nucleus and listen. So directly translated it would be a, I would like to a book read. So we put the mushed in after the subject and we put the lesion at the very end of the sentence. And we can do this with many other sentences like that as well. Okay, so how do we use Michelin? We have dPhi Vendome, which is the usage. And then the first way how we use it is DHEA. Dhea, which is the wish Mr. I15 at Calvin, I would like to buy a bicycle. The second one is if I want to order something at us, bashed Ellen, for example, in a restaurant, ich mochte, again, the ZOPA haben Ich mochte to Ghana in a tomato and sober, I would like to have a tomato soup. Each Mr. GAN IN a tomato and ZOPA or just each In2 Martin Zopa. And then if you go and buy something so pretty similar to the restaurant, you could also just go to the shop and say, I would like to have, I don't know, two slices of cheese and some ham. Ich mochte, a spiral shape and Kayser on advanced shrunken each mesh to spy shaven cares. And at washington, I would like to slices of cheese and some him. Alright, let's look into another example. Each mesh to foos by spin. That means I would like to play football. And as you can see here, as I mentioned earlier, the Feelin That helped VAB, the main verb that goes to the end here in this sentence, does not change. We just use spin speed. Lynn Calvin lays in London. Whatever we're verb we have, we just leave it in the infinitive in the plain version. And master is the one that we conjugate. Eye in Vasa. I would like a water. You could also say each ion Vasa, Calvin, I would like to buy a water IN Vasa Calvin. So again, master is the conjugated verb on the second spot than IN fossa, and then the Helped VAB at the end. Okay, so how do we conjugate mush 10? So on the left side we have the pronouns, each MR. on the right side, the conjugation, conjugation do mesh test ear S meshed via mesh 10 year, meshed it, Z Ashton. So pretty straightforward. We use, we conjugated in the normal way. But again, a mesh term do mush test a, a S mush to via mush 10 year mush turd, Z mesh ten. Okay, so let's now try to figure out what is here, the right word, the right conjugation for mesh 10. So what does this sentence mean? Okay, So year myTag S, and what does it mean? Here means you plural? Mytag actually means lunch and SN is to eat. So what would be the English translation? Would you plural, like to eat? And so what's the right conjugation here? Let's look into the table again. Okay, So we have H2 S via EA meshed it. So much touted. Year metallic isn't much to it. Year metabolism. Would you like to eat lunch? Would you plural, like to eat lunch? So he, And then so AR, then a conjugated form of Ashton and then Duchenne. Duchenne is to shower or to take a shower. So how would you here now conjugate Rushton? Let's go back to our table. A mesh to muster. So we have a mesh to Duchenne. He would like to shower. Am Mr. Duchenne? Would you like to travel to Germany? Would you like to travel to Germany? How would you say that in German here using the right conjugation. Mesh test, do not Deutschland rising much test, do not Deutschland horizon. Okay? I hope you found this helpful. Just this one modal verb. There are many other Romano verbs. We will look into them at some point in the future. Ashton is one of the most important one because it kind of helps you in many situations where you want to say, I would like to, what, what did we have? I wish I want to order something and I want to buy something. So when you are in those three situations, it's great to use the word mesh 10. And then you put the other verb, the verb, the main verb at the end of the sentence. I am Bu, listen. Thank you very much. I hope you found this enjoyable. 23. Uhrzeit: Okay, so now let's talk about time D, Woodside. I will tell you in this lesson how to tell the time. Hopefully also how to understand the time and how to ask for the time. Let's go on knowing that's how I would say it's nine o'clock. Oftentimes what I would also say as just knowing well. As just knowing well. Or again, it's just annoying. So how would you say it's 330 clock? For example, as east on dry. On dry or dry. War. Both works. And you kind of do this with all hours. How would you say it's 11 is just a leaf, is on a leaf or as if we're cool. So now how would you say ten past nine. Okay, so we would say it's seen now knowing so first you take the minutes, then you say nasa, which means after so ten minutes, ten. You obviously, as I wrote in brackets, you could also say it seen millinewton now knowing. But most of the time we would say C in not knowing and then knowing is the hour. So it seen. Now knowing you can also do that with other minutes, as is Zyban now known as the rights in not knowing. Yeah. So you can do that with others. How would you say it is? Four? Yeah, four minutes past 54 minutes past five. Fear, Min-woo turn. Now, funf, fear me, Newton. Now. All right, let's go to the next one. Shooter. Quarter past. Here. We then say phi2 enough knowing quarter past nine. That's quite straightforward, right? So Theatre, which means the quarter now is after. And then you say the hour. How would you say 1115? Exactly. We would say as this filter. Now, if future, now F. All right, Cool. Let's now go to the half an hour. So 930 is actually hype seen. It's half of a 10, so you have 90 clock, and then every minute more brings you closer to the 10. Based on the German luck Jake logic as at least. So if you have 30 minutes, then you're almost there to the 10. So you're halfway there to the 10. So you'd say S is hype seen, hype seen. How would you say 730? And German? As is hype. So it's not a full eight yet, but it's half an eight. So it's just hype Even though it's 730. Okay, another one. Let's go with 130. How would you say 130? And we would say hyped spy. Hype. It's why. All right. Don't worry. If you didn't get all of them right. It takes some time to kind of get through this logic. All right, so now we say quarter 2, futile for Quarter 2, 3, 4 scene would be quarter to 10 or 945. How would you say quarter to quarter 2, 3, 4 to 4 di filter for dry. And then kind of like the similar system as is seen for saying ten before ten is seen for sin. How would you say it's eight minutes to three? S's act for dry, which kind of like would be actually to 52, right? So act for the high afterload, right? Alright, so this is how you use the German time, and this is how you ask for the time VH bed is as, how late is it? Wie ist es? And then your answer would be, as a spy, were Wie ist es as East spy UA. That's practice that a little bit. Vh bed is S. And what would be based on the picture? Your answer. The answer would be, this is just on ions. Or you could say as the right scene were, both works. As its ions is, just write sin were. So both ways here kind of works in German quo. All right, So then how would you say this time? How would you say 1030? Okay. And the right answer would be as East hype, hype F. Or you could also say as just seen were the high sick. Yes. I didn't tell you that before but like in English, instead of saying So half to 11, You can also say it is 1030 assist seen were rising. Pretty simple, right? Alright. So how do you say the hour that is D, Shonda. Indeed. Shonda. How do you say the minute That's the Minister? D monitor our district under the minute the monitor and then the last one, d z kinda D is the second D. All right. I think that's everything we need. Okay. And how would you say the time here, v is as Wie ist es s just futile for knowing. As is futile for knowing. Or you could also say assist PS1 sick were fun font field sake. Well, that's also a little bit easier, at least similar to the English, It's 2045, as is sponsee were funf, unfilled sick. So you see there are a couple of ways how you can tell the time in German. I hope this lesson helped you to figure out how to tell the time and also how to understand this time. I know this is kind of a lot of information. So maybe do the lesson again in order for this to sink in and then do the quiz. So, thank you very much. 24. Possessive Pronouns: All right, Let's talk about possessive pronouns. What do I mean by this? This long table? Alright, don't worry, it might look a little bit overwhelming, a little bit annoying. But the possessive pronouns are actually not that difficult even though the table looks a little bit difficult. Why is that? Because you can derive the endings. As you can see, all the possessive pronouns have different endings. You can derive them from the articles. And the article table is actually also not so difficult. We looked into that in another lesson. And then you need to go by nominative, accusative, and dative case. And then there's also a genitive, which I didn't put in here just for kind of like space purposes and it's not so important right now. What we will look at today is we will look only at the nominative. And so we have the possessive pronouns, which as the name tells you, talks about the possession. So for example, mine, who wouldn't. So the possessive pronoun for each, for i is mine or female and plural mine. The possessive pronoun for you is dying. So for example, your dog dying and then he, it's Zion. Zion honed his dog. Then for she is her dog, ear honed, order, feminine, either cuts. Then it we use the same like like like we use for masculine. So Zayn, who wouldn't it? We use very rarely, but you can still use it in some occasions. Then we have view, which is our dog, our doc. And then we have you plural year, which is Goya who don't like your dog, like you, plural, your dark. Who wouldn't. Buddha oil her cuts. Like you see how it changed the ER there and the RE. Okay. And then we have a z. So they so yr wouldn't like their dog ear with an ear. Cut-scenes. Okay, so let's practice this a little bit in some sentences. Hi each Ben Zara. Okay, I'm not really sorrow, but let's go with this sentence here. High age bins Java does, is mine hunt. So here we just have an ion at the end, mine. Then we have four feminine does, is minor cuts. Again, we're just looking at the nominative case here. And how do I know this is nominative after the verb to be in this case is or isn't, we use the nominative case? So does is mine, does is minor cuts, does is mine Auto, and then thus sinned minor autos and thus int, minor autos. Alright? Via bist du, who argue via bist du? This is your dog, does is D9 hunt, dust, Dinah cuts, does, is dying auto. So masculine and a neutral are actually the same. And then pluralist doesn't die inner outdoors. So feminine and plural, as you could see, where also the same air is. David. Does, is design, hood, dust, designer cutscene. That's his dog, that's his cat. Does is Zi1 auto, That's his car. Does Zinn designer autos? These are his cars. Okay. So so we did ish, do and air now. And then the rest kind of like follow the same structure. So how would you know now say for z? So using IR. So you are here now in 1, 2, 3, 4, the fourth from the left ear. So how would you now put this the gaps? How, how would you now few fill the gaps here? Maybe pause the video and then you can take your time to answer the question correctly. All right, Cool. And the answer would be thus, is your hunt does is either cuts or dust. Year auto doesn't era autos. So does Yahoo and that's her dog. Does either cuts her? That's her cat. Does yeah. Auto. That's her car. Doesn't euro autos. These are her car's quote. All right, and then for Via how would that be here? The answer, again, we are using Winsor. Pause the video here and figure it out. Okay, NC, and the answer is thus is Windsor hadn't thus is wounds cuts her. This is our dog. This is our cat. Does is Windsor auto. This is our car. Doesn't autos. These are our cars. Cool. All right. Obviously you can use this this possessive pronouns for other sentences as well. It doesn't have to be those same sentences. I just wanted to practice this a little bit to get this easier. All right. And now for year, so you plural, what would be here? The answer that changes to pause the video here. And the answer would be dust, oil wound. That is, your dog, does this oil, the cuts are, so we have the e ending here, but we will take out the second E actually. So it's not a year, but just oil just for the Germans kinda sounds better. That's why we use it. Then it's dust oil auto, That's your car. And then does Zinn oil autos that these are your cars. So that's kind of it. The last one, the z is the same as the sheet so that they and the x0, that's actually the same. So we don't really have to go through this in detail. Okay, So then we will look into accusative and date of cases, how that will change, how the possessive pronouns will change them. But for now, I think this is enough. Practice those a little bit. And then you can like, say a lot more things, even though if you don't know yet how exactly to say it in the accusative or in the dative. For now, just knowing those possessive pronouns in the nominative case is already pretty helpful. Thank you very much. 25. Arbeiten und Lernen: All right, let's learn some vocabulary around working and learning are by 10 or less than n. So I will tell you kind of like a noun and then we look at sentences as well. So what does the profession mean in German? That means DIA be hoof, DEA be hoof is the profession India, bare roof. So how would you say What's your profession? And thus Xin Zhi fun proof. Thus Xin Zhi fun behoove. You could also ask maybe vast Mackenzie be hoof leash. Thus Mackenzie be hoof leash. But let's just go with, with a vast Xunzi phone, behemoth, debit, move the profession. Each bin me Shaniqua. Each bin me Shaniqua while I'm not, but here my answer would be, I'm a mechanic, a spin me Shaniqua, I am a mechanic. Ich bin, ich bin kinda unleash Delta in their marketing uptight along each bin Deutsch layer. Each bin Unternehmer. I'm an entrepreneur. Each bin, kinda spot. I'm an athlete. It's been an athlete. You could say things like that each bin and then just the profession that you have. All right, D Arbeit is the work in D Arbeit arbeiten. So here I use it as a verb. Are obiter by einem grossen Unternehmen. Are obiter by einem grossen Unternehmen. I work for a large company. Each beta by einem grossen Unternehmen. Okay, so here are some lists of of professions. Dea electronica. Electronica run is the electronics technician and the duct Decker d dr. Karen is the roofer. Then we have dia tissue the tissue level and their tissue the tissue organ, the carpenter, DEA bunk, Kofman, de bunk. Cough, how? Dea bunk Kaufman de bunk. Alright. I said quickly like a normal personally would say it. Their bank Kaufman debunk CAFO, and that's the bank clerk. Their freezer, D preserving. You could also say D freezers for the feminine hair stylist or hairdresser. Dea, freezer, deep freezers, or the freezer learn their land bird D, lumped built-in. The farmer. You could also say they are Bauer, the boy login, or D L and D, London built-in. Da Vinci. Da Vinci given the winemaker their Windsor D with insulin. All right, so now we have d as the tet D Ted, which is the university. And then we have the verb studio run. Today we're going to study. Okay, So two quite important ones for learning. Each studio in Berlin, I am studying in Berlin. Studio era in Berlin. D foil is wrong. D Foley Zhong, the lecture. So when you go to a university, you don't really say lessons, you say lectures. And in German it's the before reading, which is kind of like the lecture D4. Li Zhong De foil is on. Each have a Reuter dry, fully zoom in. Each Harbor, hawaii to the high Foleys or men. Actually, let's do a little pronunciation exercise for this. How would you pronounce in German? Like, like saying out light each letter, how would you, sorry, how would you spell each letter? How would you spell for early Zhong? We will just do for early Zhong Bush wn. Okay, Let's go through it together. So what does a V in German, in the German alphabet? That's a foul. Then we have an all. Then are, sorry, dynein. Than an L E S E N D. For early Islam. Again, foul O, L, L a S N gay. Alright, so a little bit more. Dea is the school teacher, and we also have the Rinne, which is the female school teacher, deli era, the layer when the school teacher, they are Sheila de, true love and their Schuller, the shoe level and the student there, Schuller, the masculine student and tissue 11, the feminine student. Alright, so I hope that this lesson kind of gave you a little bit more of important vocabulary that you need. Maybe when you're talking about work or when you are talking about your studies, when you come to Germany, when you are in Germany, just too, at least have a couple of simple words and simple sentences ready that you can explain what you're doing, so what your profession is or where you are studying and so on. I hope this helped you. 26. Fragen - Questions: Okay, now let's talk about questions, Flanagan. So how do you ask questions? And German, one way is to use question words, and this is what we'll look into in this lesson. So here we have many of the question words that we use in the German language. Not all of them, but the most important ones. So let's go through them. A VUS, what a volume. Why? Again, via home. Why? Vn? When? Vn? When? Via WHO? Via who? V in whom. With this one we use together with the accusative vein, whom? A, V, how, V, Hao, and then vol, where actually here, make sure that you don't kind of mix up who and vole and VIA and where. So just make sure the German veil is an English WHO and the German vole is an English where quo for him, which is where to VO here. Where from V fear how much the feeler, how many? Wie, oft, how often fissure, which cool. All right, let's now look at some sentences. Vagus has to give off. That means, What did you buy? Thus has to kickoff. So if you remember the present perfect, so that the way how we say something in the past in German, or the most common way, does this virus has to kickoff. Here we have vagus the question word, then we have the conjugated verb, Harbin, which here is passed. Then we have the subject do, and then we have, in this case the potty seats by the past participle and thus has to get calved via home has two does Bu delays and why did you read the book via home question word has conjugated verb, do, subject, does Bu, object, and then Gleeson is the past participle, Read. Core, Vn gets due to Arbeit. So here we don't have a sentence in the past. Van gaze to Arbeit, when do you go to work? Van gaze to store it. So again, again is the conjugated verb that comes right after the question word. There is until your phone via telephone, Who is on the phone? And then we have vol is db bu take, vol is dBW take, where is the library? W4 is to bibliotheque EMEA zone usually isn't. Which email should I read? The e-mail? The soil lesion. And then we have here again the list of the question words that are important for the German language. Make sure you kind of practice those a little bit and kind of get better, write some sentences and do the quiz. So, but before we do that, let's go and do a couple of questions together. So first we have what does Bu vol, had? Does Bu via habitus, Bu, v hat does pool. What's the right one here? W4 via or VI. And the right answer is via H2, does Bu, via, app does broke because VR is who? So a number a is in English, where number B is an English, who? Number C is in English. How? So? Via hat plus Bu who has the book is correct. And now it's time to hall. Bureau is office. So w4 is D9, B-roll via is Diane Bureau order v is 0. And you probably have this one correct vol is to dine bubble. Where is your office? Okay. I hope you found this one quite helpful to get to know a little bit the question words in German. Practice those a little bit more. It's actually quite forward. I think they are quite easy. You just need to learn the question words and kind of don't mix them up. That's important. But the word structure after that is, I think, quite easy. Use the conjugated verb after the question, where word, then the subject, and then you're good to go. Thank you very much. 27. Zahlen über 100: All right, so let's talk about numbers above 100 lessons. You've got Saarland, uber, eine Honda education. Either million after not win-win for 1000 spinal Zealand ICP went, few annoyances sent. And you're going to learn how you say that, how you're able to say that as well in German. Let's go. So we have IN 100 by 100, which is first one, 100, and then 200. Then we have, I wouldn't add fear. 100, funf, 100, xyx, 100, z been 100. Act Honda. Knowing 100, I am 100. You could also say 1000, but it's better if you say 1000. Okay, again, let's do it together. In 100 by 100. By 100 out. Fear honing dad, funf, 100, xyx, hundered, Zi, Ben hundered, act, hundered, knowing, hundered. And 1000. Okay, cool. So those are the basics. Now let's go to 10 thousand. See in 10000, seen 1000. How would you know, say 20000? Exactly. Ps1 sick, tolerant and then dry 6000 filled six thousand six hundred and sixty six thousand, six hundred thousand, nine hundred. And then I in hundred, ten hundred ion 100 thousand. And then 1 million is either million, einer Million. And then again, it goes up by melatonin. Million, fear, million on so Vida. Then we have ion 100 melatonin. Melatonin. Yeah. So that's 100 million and I don't think we need to go much higher. If you then after that actually it comes Mary Arden and then beyond. And which is a little bit different to the English one. In English you have million, billion trillion. Yeah, So million, billion trillion, but in German you have mirror, you wouldn Mary Arden billion. And so the German beer you on is the English trillions. I don't know why. It's just kind of a little confusing. Cool. All right, let's practice that a little bit. How would you say 123 and German? So I kind of tried to use this little, I don't know, those little arrows. I hope they help you. So first you say I am 100, and then you say 23 IN Honda design and PS1 sick. So 103 and 20, that's kind of how you do it in German. So first you take the 100 and then you say the 23 and German. So how would we do that for 395 or how we would say in German, three hundred, five and ninety. Do you have an idea how to say that? Okay, don't worry, I'm going to help you delight that 300, five, and 90, and 96, the high wounded funf, owned by 100 funf on knowing sick. Okay. How would you now say 780 to 782? Okay, so it's again seven hundred and four and eighty. So Z1 100 phi and ATSIC Zhi Ben 100 spy and ATSIC seven hundred two and eighty. Okay. And how would you say this number in German? 136.73. I highlighted it a little bit too. I will explain you in a moment why hopefully that helps you a little. So you would say something like 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, and then S3 and sorry, 6 and 30, euro, and then again 370. So how do you say that in German? We would say it like that. I in 2000 xyx on the isaac oil whole design and zipped sick. Again, I enter 1000 hall to high on zipped sick. All right. So this kind of hopefully helps you to like work the numbers a little bit. There is a lot, kind of like a lot more practice that needs to go into. But this kind of gives you a good idea about how to say numbers that are above 100. Thank you very much.