Collage for beginners - Fruit | Doris Charest | Skillshare
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12 Lessons (32m)
    • 1. Collage Fruit Introduction

      2:44
    • 2. 2 Painting surfaces

      2:22
    • 3. 2 Paint

      1:50
    • 4. Acrylic 1 Brushes

      1:41
    • 5. Washing brushes

      1:20
    • 6. Collage Tearing paper

      1:08
    • 7. Collage Fruit The drawing

      2:28
    • 8. Collage Fruit The first steps good copy

      5:19
    • 9. Collage Fruit The background

      6:43
    • 10. Collage Fruit Adding watercolour

      4:24
    • 11. Collage The fruit Last step

      1:56
    • 12. Collage Fruit The conclusion

      0:33

About This Class

Collage is a fun and easy with this easy 'Fruit on a branch' project.  This course is for the new-to-collage and will teach you all about how to start a collage painting. Once you learn the basic steps, collage will be a joy. There are hints and pointers in every lesson. By the end of the series, you should be able to create your own collages all by yourself. These are the successful lessons that have been used for beginner students before.  I have chosen my students' favorite lessons show you.  Come and enjoy these lessons too. Upload your version for everyone to see.

Transcripts

1. Collage Fruit Introduction: welcome to collage fruit. We're going to create a project that's just fruit on the branch. It's going to be wonderful. This is a project for beginners by Doris Shop. Just a little background. I have a bachelor's and fine arts and a master's degree in visual art education. I've taught art classes all over Alberta and abstract, more contemporary art. I love art, and I love teaching art, and I love to share that love of art with others. What I present here is a very simplified version of collage, and it doesn't cover everything. There is all about colors. It only covers the basics. Keep that in mind collages. A new form of art. It's from the word Kalay in French, which means to glue. Collage can include magazines, newspapers, clippings, ribbons, fabric, bits of handmade paper's artwork from books, text photographs, anything that can be found and glued down. The term collage was started or coined, as they say by Josh. Back in France and Pablo Picasso. They were the very first to use collage as, ah, extensive part of their art making, and that's the beginning of the 19 hundreds. So collage has been in existence for quite a while. This is your project. It's a collage with mixed papers. That means you'll use different kinds of papers, even photographs, this time. So it's just, um, fruit on a branch with a few leaves. The materials you'll need include jail, medium canvas or aboard a brush, a container for water, cloth rags or a paper towel. Don't forget a plastic to cover your table in case you you get a little messy. So in the next sections will go step by step and create this wonderful collage. Remember, your collage doesn't have to look exactly like mine. I'm setting an example, but I want you to create your own version of this project, so see you in the next section, further drawing. 2. 2 Painting surfaces : And now for the painting surfaces, you can use watercolor paper, canvas illustration, board hardboard or other choices like Matt Board. But what we're going to do is tow. Watch a video about it. So I've created a video that shows you the exact surfaces and how to use them. So watch the video now. Here we go I and welcome to mixed media collage. Different surfaces. Right now, what we're going to cover is the surface that you can paint on. So there's quite a few. The first ISS watercolor watercolor paper, especially £140 watercolor, um, is very good for collage ing. There's two services. There's a rough side and then a smooth side, but it's very durable. The second is canvas, so you can use a regular canvas. I prefer the a thick edge. They called it a gallery edge, and it's stapled on the back, and it's got a wide surface excellent for collage. The next surface is illustration board, so it comes in different sizes. You can buy it the size you want. It's like heavy card with a type of paper on the surface, very good for collage, but only in small sizes. Then there's Matt Board. That's the cheap way to do it. Matt Board works really well if you keep it small so they come in different sizes and colors and you use the backside. You use the weight. There's also hardboard and hardboard is would with hardboard. You have to put Jessel on the top, and Jessel is like a primer for most surfaces. For painting. You see it on the canvas. That's why the canvas is white. You can work in different sizes with hardboard, so that's it for now. We'll see you soon. 3. 2 Paint: and now we're going to talk about paint. You're going to need a krilic paint non oil paint, not water color paint. Acrylic paint. There are a lot of brands out there, and just by the best brand you can afford, the more expensive the brand, the higher the pigment level. That means the color intensity is that much brighter, and it will go a lot further, even though it costs more per tube. It goes a lot further. You only need a little bit to get a lot of bright color, whereas with cheap paint, what happens is sometimes you need 34 coats off that paint to get that same intensity. So here's what you need. Ah, Liz Aerin Crimson Caddy Um Rand Ultra marine blue fei lo blue, cadmium, yellow or rail and yellow, white and black. If you cannot afford all these paints, just get one of each. Ah, yellow, one of each. Read one of each blue, but you will need white and black. Also, you need acrylic gel. This is what we used to ah, glue as glue to glue the papers onto the canvas or the board that you're going to use. Remember, cleaning your brushes is important after using the paint, Um, and we'll talk more about this later 4. Acrylic 1 Brushes: brushes. There are all kinds of brushes you can use. Score brushes, filbert brushes, flak brushes, round brushes and, the very last, a very small rigger brush. Now watch the video learn more about brushes. So here are my brushes. A very large square, one that I used for covering large campuses in a smaller one, also a filbert brush with a rounded tip. Those I like a lock to. And then that's like a another square bus, a round brush often used in watercolor. But for acrylics, you use it for smaller areas and a rigger brush for very fine detail. It's hard to choose, but what you really need is just two brushes. Member that coarse hair brushes leave texture so that one would leave a texture on your canvas. So if you like a texture in your paint, that's the one you use of all these pressures. You don't need them all. You need just a couple. So this is what I suggest. A square brush and a rigger brush so the square to spread the paint and the rigour for small detail. So check the store's out, see what you need. At most, you can add a round brush, so see you in the next section. For more information, 5. Washing brushes: washing brushes, warm water and liquid soap are best for washing brushes. Make sure that you get all the paint out of the brush or the paint will harden and ruin your brush. If by chance you leave some paint on your brush, and that can happen when you're in a hurry, you can use a product called Windex, a product for cleaning windows, and let the brush sit in their sit in the Windex, and what happens is it softens the acrylic. Then you need to pick it out of the bristles, so gently scrape the paint out. Now, if that doesn't work for you, you have to buy a special cleaning product at the art supply store, and it comes with instructions again. You let it sit in the product, and then you gently scrape out the acrylic. Acrylic is really like a plastic, and when it hardens, it turns to rock. So it's quite important for you to wash your brushes properly now that I've said all that will go on to starting the painting 6. Collage Tearing paper: this section is about tearing paper. Sometimes you want the paper edge to have a white little halo, and other times you do not. So watch carefully see how tearing paper is done. Remember tearing the paper up and tearing the paper down creates different effects. So watch the video and we were Here we go. Here's some photographs, and just to show you the edge, that Ange doesn't have a weight, um, little's edge to it. And sometimes you want to create a white edge. So if you want the white ads, you tear up and leave that edge there. Sometimes I do want that, especially if I'm doing landscapes. Now, if I tear down, I don't have that edge right there. So tearing up gives you a white edge, and tearing down doesn't give you a wine edge. That's all you need to know. See you in the next section. 7. Collage Fruit The drawing: Hi. Welcome back. So just a little review. Thes Aaron materials you need. You'll need papers, various kinds and textures, gel, medium canvas or board. And for the drawing, you definitely need to count us. First you need a brush, a container for water, cloth or rags for spills and a plastic to cover your work surface. Remember that part? The drawing is very simple, and you're going to see a video that shows you exactly how to drive. Remember, you don't have to copy when I do, but just make your own variation of it. I am not a person that likes people to copy exactly what I do. I like them to interpret what I do and create their own variation. So now what we're going to do is watch the video and see how the drawing is done. You'll see how simple and easy it is. Now here's your canvas, and what we're going to do is draw this example or something very similar to it. So you start with a crooked line and you go from one side to the next. Remember that branches are angular, so don't make your lines to curvy. And then what? we do is we add a twig and twigs or just link two parallel lines. At the end, we have a leaf. A leaf is like a heart, but without the middle part, and we have to know to more parallel lines. Another set of parallel lines with a little circle at the end. That will be where the fruit is attached. So now we do one big circle for the first piece of fruit and in a second circle for the second fruit. And that's it. Just a one more twig and almost a heart. And that's the Onley drawing. You have to do very easy. You can do this so just to review a branch, twigs and to fruit do that now. 8. Collage Fruit The first steps good copy: the first step for the fruit. This is easy and it takes just minutes. Let's watch the video. It tells everything. So first step is to add gel. So remember, you want to create a gel sandwich close of you, then have watched my other videos. You will know that I repeat this over and over again. You want put gel under, and then you want to put gel over. So I'm going to tear of a number of small pieces first, and I'm going to Adam. Remember to try to create a little bit of an overlap so you create the gel sandwich gel under gel over. Don't be economical with the gel. More jail means you'll have less air bubbles. Now. I've speeded up the video just because it's too boring for you to watch me collage pieces one little tiny piece of the time and then add gel under a gel over and keep going. And as you can see, it's not very complicated. You just put little pieces until the whole space is filled. Then you add jail again and you put a different color of yellow next to it. Now we're going to do the fruit and part of the background. So we're going to do areas that do not touch each other while they touch a little bit for the fruit to touch. It doesn't matter. But creating the background and the collage will take several steps and coin. Often it's easier to just do a little bit, let it drive and work the area next to it. And then we're going to collage some blue arc walk papers on the top when you overlapped. Um, it creates like a velvet crushed velvet look, and it's beautiful. I love that look, and it just makes everything look so nice and rich when there's a nuance of color, because that's what happens when you overlap colors. There is a slight shade darker wherever the there is an overlap in the two colors mix, and it just looks beautiful. So just go take small pieces, go around the edge just like that. This is a fairly easy project right now. What you're doing is filling in spaces. If there's any changes you need to make, you need to do them now, because once the gel is dry, it's like glue, so make sure that everything is in its rate spot. That's what you want those of you that have done collage before. You can see that this is not a very complicated process. Those of you that are new to collage, same thing. Collage is a very forgiving medium. If there are any errors, they're very easy to correct. You just keep collage ing in your collage on top of that error that makes it that much easier and you'll see later on, unless Project, I'll make a few changes. So this is a good lesson also, because it shows you how to make changes. You can vary the size of the pieces. They don't have to be all the same size that crushed velvet look that is created when you add a variety of pieces. Looks great when there's different sizes, too. So now I've speeded it up a bit just so you don't get to born and we do the sides and just glue a little more on the sides. And then I'm going to add some different colors. I'm going to add a little bit at the bottom. I'm just going to start it, but I won't finish it, just going to get it going and you'll see in the next step how we finish it. So I've chosen a green color muted green, and I just keep adding pieces. This is all you're going to have to do. It's not a very complicated process, so this is the step you need. So when we reached the end of this video, all you need to do is get started and just go. Just create the peace and we'll see you when you're done. So do this now and we'll see you in the next section. 9. Collage Fruit The background: the background. You can care pieces ahead of time. If you want to create the background collage, it'll take a lot of pieces. The background will look better if you mix two or more colors to create that background pick values that are close to each other. That means colors there now are not too different from each other, and they will work better. So let's watch the video, see how it's done. But keep in mind, this is a very shortened version. Here we are. I've started the collage. I've put a little blue at the top and some purple e greens at the bottom. I started beforehand because I know how. It's kind of boring to watch somebody glue down papers. So you just take pieces just like them. And I am going to speed it up Leader just like this, so you just glue them down. The trick is to remember to put gel under gel over, have a gel sandwich and then add little pieces around the stem like this. So gel under, put a little bit of the paper for where the stem joins the fruit. Just like that, and same with the other piece just get some very tiny pieces gel under. Just like that, small pieces are a little bit tricky, so keep in mind that, uh, it takes time now the whole background while you're watching me do this was took a little over an hour. So just pick the colors you like and feel in the background. That's all you need to do. And now we're adding a little bit of detail and putting gel on the top. Now my fingers are getting sticky, so it's hard. Now I'm going to have a few more pieces on the stem. The stem is made up of photographs, so I just tear pieces of photo and glue them on. So gel under gel over now, you might have to take this and do it in a couple steps. I did because the jealous, semi opaque and then I can't tell if I have enough off the paper in the right spot to cover the whole area. So quite often what I'll do is I'll do this in stages. I'll just do a little bit and then let it dry and then add some more leader. Their goal adding some more. It's not complicated it. Just take the pieces. Put him down. Put a little gel under little gel over the gel sandwich. Now you understand. Why speeded up the whole process? I've speeded up this video as well so that you're not watching me very slowly and painfully put every little piece down. You've taken some of my other courses by now, so you know exactly how to do this. So just take your time and just add the pieces where they're needed. When I chose the photograph, I chose colors that were similar and put them side by side, not necessarily the same, but similar. When there's a variety, it makes it look more like bark, and we're adding a few little pieces. Notice that I'm not going over the edge. I will let the whole surface dry, and then I will do the side edges. You don't have to, um, do it right away, so just keep adding until you're happy, just like this. And then there are places I still want to put some of this purple green, and here I'm adding some more, just making sure that the whole canvases covered. And as you can see, there's a lot of variety in the pieces of paper just like that. Here we go and keep adding, If there's a certain piece you don't like the way it looks fair, you just put another one on top. It's not complicated. Just keep adding simple, easy to do. Just go ahead and I'm chairing a few more little tiny pieces to cover the area, and I'm adding just tiny, tiny pieces to the stem. Remember? Like I said before, you might have to do this in a couple of steps so easy as pie. Now let it dry each of these projects. Turnout wonderful. Just a variety of papers and colors just makes it interesting no matter what. So I keep adding variety just like that little bits to fill it in. But now it's your turn. I want you to start and collage the background of your piece, so remember the steps cut or tear small pieces. Adam, Maybe a couple steps at the time, do a little bit. Let it dry, do a little bit more, let it dry again and just feel the whole space, and that's all there is to it. So you do this now and we'll see you in the next section 10. Collage Fruit Adding watercolour: adding water color. If you've taken my watercolor courses, you will have some experience with watercolor and this step will be easy. It's easy anyway, What color is just fun? I use watercolor for shadows and modeling. The video will explain it all. So just have a look. Let's watch the video. So here's my project in the little water color. So what I'm going to do is tempt the yellow to make a light orange. So what I want to do is define some areas so yellow plus red equals orange. So you just put a line there and then you wash your brush and just add allying the water and that blends the color right there. So I want to add a little more yellow here, a little darker. So with a bit of orange in it and one line wash your brush and then another line just to blend it in. Now I'm going to add some dark. This dark is just around the stem. You know how you get that little shadow in there, Okay. And here we go. Just adding that and little lying to redefine it so easy as can be. These are not hard steps. You can do this. Remember with watercolor. If you don't like what you did, you wash it off, let it dry and do it again. So sometimes if there's a little too much water, the paint will really spread. So just watch that part. That's all there is to it. Not very complicated at all. So now a little green all over the stem. This unifies that area, unifies the whole stem. And even though there's a variety of little papers and colors for the stem, this wash over, it just makes it look like one piece. It's a wonderful way to unify their project. So just like that, not very hard. Now we're going to have a little dark. The dark is just to add veins for the leaves, so this is optional. If you don't want veins for the leaves, you don't have to have, um, it kind of looks nice. You don't have to have many veins. And remember that not all the veins in the leaves are the same, so each leaf should be different. So again, one line and then little lines that are offset on each side. We're going to add one more bit of red. I'm changing my mind again, so more like purple. So we redefined the edges around the fruit, see how it blends in with the on the paper, and as it dries, it's going to look even better. It's going to look like there's variety of colors there, because the water color is semi transparent, and when you put it on top like that, it'll dry differently on each paper. So just blended in softly with a wet brush. Remember, water is your friend and water color, so I also try to create um, corners that are not light. If you have light corners, your eye seems to go out of the picture. So I'm adding a little more orange around the stamp where the fruit grows and that's it. You can do this. It's your turn. Now you can adjust the painting, the collage just the way you like it, so people will see you in the next section. 11. Collage The fruit Last step: last step. The water color you use can be removed unless you seal it with gel. So remember to put a nice a coat of jail on top of that water color. The gel is used to protect your painting from damage. So let's watch the video for the last step. Here's my piece. I've added water color and I've added leaves and I didn't like the fact that there is only blue at the top. So what I did is I added a few little pieces of blue, right, a near the stem, so that there was a bland of the blue and the purple under the stem. And now what I need to do is to I actually feel all that water color. So you the very last step is to put one coat of watercolor, all not watercolor, one coat of gel all over the piece that you've created. This will help you seal it so that none of the papers lift that the water color doesn't left. Plus, if your friend happens to drop or your child happens to drop some Kool aid on there, then it won't stain. You're painting. Your painting is good. So make sure you seal the edges just like that, and there we go. So you're sealing the edges, your sealing the top and then you let it dry. It's important to let it dry at least 24 hours. Now, remember that you can keep adjusting this if their pieces that you don't like, so do this now and we'll see you in the next section. 12. Collage Fruit The conclusion: conclusion, you have learned to use different kinds of papers for a collage. You have learned to great collage from scratch, and you have learned how use watercolor for modeling. And again, you have learned how to use jail as a glue. And now, for my next course, Doug Guitarist. Here we will learn how to use watercolor, acrylic and collage all in one piece, so we'll see you then. See you soon.