Clear English Pronunciation | Andrea Giordano | Skillshare
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25 Lessons (4h 29m)
    • 1. Welcome to Clear English Pronunciation

    • 2. Video #2: Your Journey Starts Here

    • 3. Video #3: Place Of Articulation

    • 4. Video #4: Manner Of Articulation

    • 5. Video #5: Short Vowel Sounds

    • 6. Video #6: Long Vowel Sounds

    • 7. Video #7: Common Vowels vs. Diphthongs

    • 8. Video #8: Mastering Vowel Sounds

    • 9. Video #9: Activity

    • 10. Video #10: Schwa

    • 11. Video #11: Introducing Consonant Sounds

    • 12. Video #12: P and B Sounds

    • 13. Video #13: T and D Sounds

    • 14. Video #14: F and V Sounds

    • 15. Video #15: K and G Sounds

    • 16. Video #16: Ch and J Sounds

    • 17. Video #17: S and Z Sounds

    • 18. Video #18: L and R Sounds

    • 19. Video #19: M and N Sounds

    • 20. Video #20: Th Sounds

    • 21. Video #21: Sh Sounds

    • 22. Video #22: W and V Sounds

    • 23. Video #23: All Sounds

    • 24. Video #24: Tongue Twisters

    • 25. Video #25: Key Takeaways


About This Class

Speak Clearly. Change Your Life.

I'm Andrea Giordano, your guide for this 25 video course designed to improve your English speaking skills. We'll accomplish this together as I walk you through each and every possible sound in the English language. Together, we will be able to improve your speaking skills dramatically!

Throughout these 25 videos, you will see amazing improvements in your pronunciation skills. I'm so confident you will love this course, you can email me directly with any questions before your purchase. Simply email me at [email protected].

Happy Learning!



1. Welcome to Clear English Pronunciation: welcome to clear English pronunciation. I am your teacher for this class, Andrea Giordano. And I am so glad that you've joined me. You have made a great decision. Speaking clear English will change your life. It will open up doors of opportunity and give you the tools you need to succeed in other areas of life. So I'm so happy you're here with me. Let me first introduce myself. My name is Andrea Giordano, spelled G I O R D a. And Oh, I'm from the United States. I grew up in the state of Illinois, which is where Chicago is. And then I lived for 20 years in Kentucky and now I live in Nashville, Tennessee, the home of country music. And I have been teaching E S, L or English as a second language and foreign language for 13 years. This has been my life's passion to teach English to people who don't know how to speak English. I have taught at several universities, and I have taught not only English students, but also teachers how to teach them to teach English as a second or foreign language. I have a master's degree in education with a concentration in teaching English to speakers of other languages. And also the best part about my journey as an English teacher is that I have been so privileged to teach students from every single country in the world. That's right. Every country has logged into my websites and my videos to learn along with me and to change their life by speaking clear English. I have loved this journey so far, and I have met amazing students. But the student I'm most excited about now is you. I am so glad you have chosen to change your life by speaking clearer English. You are on an amazing journey, and you've made a great decision to be here with me. So let me give you a little introduction to the course, and I want to give you a few tips and tricks on how to study through this course so that you could be a better English speaker at the end of it. Well, the first thing I want to tell you that you should do is to log into this class regularly. There are more than two dozen or about 25 videos for you to watch. These videos are in depth. They are technical. They can be difficult but they are exactly what you need. Toe learn every sound in English. Because of that, you need toe log in regularly. Come to the class regularly Watch the videos frequently. Watch those videos so that you can improve. Show up press play and I will guide you through it. You don't have to worry about what you need to have ready. You just need to click play. The second thing I want to tell you to do to get the most out of this course is to practice , practice, practice, practice My goodness, the students who practice are the students who will do the best. If you Onley, just listen to me and never actually say any words. You won't improve your pronunciation skills. You should be in a place where you feel confident to speak out loud. Say the words say the sounds. When I tell you to do something, do it OK, trust me. I know how to help students speak clear English. I've seen students go from nothing to becoming English teachers and I can't wait to help you do that. But you have to practice it doesn't matter how smart you are or how much you studied in the past. If you don't practice now, you won't improve. So I encourage you say the words participate. Lastly, I want to hear from you anyway. You can comment or you can email me and my email address is Andrea At study with Andrea dot com comment on these videos. Email me. Let me know how you're enjoying the course or what I can do to improve it and also let me know what you're learning and what questions you still have. I am available to you toe help you through this course So you have these videos of me, but you also have access to me. So please message me a comment on those videos and also email me if you have any questions . So most important is gets started. And don't stop until the end practice. Get in there. Do the hard work. Move your mouth. You will see amazing results. I can't wait to see what you do So again, if you have any questions, you can email me at Andrea at study with Andrea dot com and is always I have brand new content on study with Andrea dot com, where you can always get additional help to help you get the most out of this course. So get started. I can't wait to see what you do. 2. Video #2: Your Journey Starts Here: we're going to dive into all kinds of amazing stuff. And in this video, I'm going to tell you what you can expect. First of all, we're going to be solving two problems here. Number of one, we're going to solve the problem of the fact that you have difficulty understanding native English speakers. I've met many of you on Skype by now, and you are brilliant people. You're friendly and amazing and have so much intelligence. But you just need pronunciation help because you can't understand native speakers. So that's the number one problem we're going to solve. The second problem we're going to solve is that you have difficulty speaking clearly yourself, and people have a difficult time understanding you. You want to get better at pronunciation so that you can present yourself in the best way possible. So I want to tell you a story to get started, and this is kind of a sad, disappointing story, but it has a solution. So the other day I was in a business meeting that had many people on a phone call, and we were doing a a teleconference with people in the United States and also a team in Asia, and on this call there is a brilliant woman who is a manager of a lot of people. So she has a lot of responsibility. She has a lot of intelligence and experience, and she has a lot of power in her job. However, her English pronunciation was not great. So I've spent a lot of time working with a lot of people to help them improve their pronunciation. And this woman you Comptel had tried hard to learn written English. But her speaking was not wonderful. So we were on the call in the United States, and many of the people in the room with me were having a difficult time understanding her. They tell me that this woman in Asia writes beautiful emails. She communicates clearly over email, but her pronunciation skills were not great, um, to where people could not understand what she was saying, and that made it difficult because they wanted to all talk about a project together. But since they couldn't understand her, that couldn't have a successful meeting because she could not be understood. So I tell you this story because I don't want this to happen to you the way that you speak and how clearly you speak affects your life. And when people can't understand you, it changes their opinion of you, for better or for worse. Now I'm a believer that anybody can change and anybody can improve. And that's why I'm so glad you're in this course because I believe that woman in Asia, if she took my course or you know, really focused on her pronunciation, she could improve and she could speak more clearly. But I understand that woman is busy. Ah, lot of us are busy, and it's hard to find that time. But that's why I'm so excited and proud of you for taking the time to focus on your pronunciation. It's an investment that will produce amazing results for you for your entire life, because when you speak clearly, you change your life. So in this course, there's a few things you can expect to achieve by the end of this course Number one. During this course, by the end of it, you will be able to identify all of the sounds in English. You will know every single sound that we make in English, and you will be able to hear it, recognize it and also associate it with different spelling. And then secondly, the thing that you will be able to do is produce and pronounce every sound properly. We will take a lot of time to focus on how we move our mouths. To make this sounds, we will focus on where should your tongue be. Where should your teeth be? Where should your lips be? We will focus on every sound so that you can pronounce every sound. By the end of this course, you are going to get a lot of practice hours and hours of practice. So you will have a video lesson with me. But you also get to repeat after me and produce this sound yourself. So by the end of this course, you can pronounce every single sound in English. Clearly, um, so there are a few things that we want to do when we first start. So the first thing I want you to do is know that this is a very participatory class. What do I mean by participatory? It means you need to participate or you need to have involvement. You need to talk. OK, so don't just sit in front of your computer or your phone and just watch me. You need to be speaking. You need to be saying sounds because if you don't practice, you will never improve. Okay? So just make sure that when I tell you to participate in an activity, you have to do it. Okay? It's the only way to get better. Trust me. I have 12 years of experience teaching students just like you all over the globe, and they see their pronunciation improve so much. So trust me, you just have to participate. Okay, so we're going to start by doing our very first activity. And you need to do this activity because I want to show you the results off this class by doing this activity. So what we're going to do is we're going to you personally are going to make a video of yourself now. Okay, You're going to make a video of yourself now, and you're going to make the same video at the end of the cores, and you're going to be able to compare the two videos and your pronunciation to see how much it's changed. Okay, so here's what I want you to do after you finish watching me, you're going to get your phone out. Open up the video camera, and you're going to record yourself saying this sentence. Okay, this sentence is a quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. I want to catch the fox before he jumps over me. Okay, so you're going to have this listed below, so you can just read it. You're going to be able to read that sentence. Don't practice. Just record yourself doing this sentence, so don't practice it, just record it. And then at the end of the course, you're going to record the same two sentences, and you're going to be able to compare the pronunciation difference. Okay, So make sure you do this activity. This is very important. This is your pre test. Okay? So again, make sure you read those two sentences. Video yourself, saying these two sentences and then save those videos for the end of the course and you'll be able to see the difference. So again, let's get started. I'm so excited. Um, in this in this course, your we're going to have over 20 videos and every video is going to be new content. That's going to help improve your pronunciation. I am so glad you joined me 3. Video #3: Place Of Articulation: in this video, we will talk about place of articulation. Well, first of all, let's talk about what does place of articulation mean? Well, this is important in pronunciation because it's a talking about where in the mouth or in the body in the throat Do we make the sounds? So to articulate means to make sounds and the place means the place in the mouth or in the throat. Okay, so let me show you the areas of the mouth because those will help you pronounce different sounds. They're very important. OK, so let's start with the obvious part of the mouth. Is the outside the lips or we call them the lay Beals labels. Right here, Next part of the mouth. What do you see next? Right, the dentals or your teeth? Dentals. So we have lay Beale's and we have dentals right there. Okay, Next we have the tongue tongue. Um, next, then beyond that, on top of your mouth or the roof of your mouth is called the palate. The palate. Uh, it's that top part of your mouth. It's like a roof of a house. That's your palate palette. Um, and then we have something on the on the very front of your before your palate behind your teeth. Uh oh. That soft part behind your teeth is called the Alvey Wheeler Ridge Valvular Ridge. Uh, behind your teeth. So it goes Lay Beale's dentals valvular ridge palette. And what else do we need to know? The lair inks is down in your throat that foot where the larynx is. And, um, I think that's all we need to know for now, trying to think of anywhere. I don't think we need other places, those air places of articulation, the places where you make sounds, places you make sounds. So why is this important to know where we make sounds? Well, sometimes you are making sounds and you're not making it in the correct location. And so it's important to know, where do we make these sounds? OK, so let's talk about first of all groups. Hello? Let's talk. First of all about sounds we might make with our labels with our lips. What sounds do we make with our lips? Think about it. Let's start with a really simple one here. Mm mm. Right. We use our lips to make the sound, ma, by means to labels mean flips. So by Les Beals means to lips come together and make a sound. Muh we don't use our teeth, We don't use anything else. So that's the 1st 1 The 2nd 1 we use our lips for IHS. What? What? What? But the w sound What? We only use our lips there labels Next we're going to put our lips together and make two different sounds there formed in the same way but one is voiceless and what is voiced So but but And those air like brothers in sounds because they're both formed the same way by using your labels to make the sound. But one is voice Listen when his voice So the four by labial sounds are what But And Okay, we got the bile A Beales. Are you ready now to mix labels and dentals Les Beals and dentals? What happens when we use our teeth and our lips together? What sound we make when we put those together? Ready The f sound right? And what about the voice version of that? Do you hear it? So you're using your dentals and your labels to make and all right the next one is Onley dentals and we also use the tongue with dentals. And this is when we use our tongue with our teeth. Can you think what sound we're going to make with that? Hopefully you're guessing like th and also like th but voiced. And okay, next we're going to move to valvular sounds Al Villers, Remember our Valvular ridge? All right here, right behind there. And there are a lot of sounds that happen here. It's when you take your tongue and you put it onto your valvular ridge. What sounds do you think you make when you do that? Well, hopefully the 1st 1 you're thinking of is low. Oh, wow. Le That's one of them. The next one is, uh I don't know if you can see this, but with Le hula with that one, you're using your tongue on the very back of your teeth or right above your teeth right there. But with the r sound, you're taking the sides, uh uh of your tongue and you're putting them on. I hear all right here. So you don't touch the front of your tongue to your to your out Bela Ridge. You touch the sides of your tongue. Thea Bela Ridge for the r sound. Oh, right. But notice with the l sound Le le That's on the elvia leverage with the tip of your tongue . Okay, tricky. So that's to Alby leverages. So far, next one we have is no that that notice that your tongue is touching. You're out dealer Ridge, And it's making that end. Sound that. No, No. Okay. It's just a tongue and Ovular Ridge similar to Lola. Okay, It's just articulated differently, and we will talk more about that later. But for now, we're just talking about where is this happening? The place. Okay, so we have a little earlier. Next we have the okay for this one. The sides of your tongue are touching the LV leverage in the year, but also, your teeth are coming together. Your teeth are coming together all the way. But notice that your tongue should should touch on both sides of the LV in the rich. Okay? And then it's brother. The voiceless version of is so we have. And if you could make one sound, you can make the other sound. Okay, so that brings us up to let me Look at my list. 12345 Sounds. Oh, uh Hmm. And now we have two more valvular sounds ready. And this is when this is when, um, you pass air through while putting your tongue on your ovular ridge, and they sound like this. Look at my mouth moves. That's obviously the T sound or that sound. And then it's voiced. Companion is duh duh. And it's formed in the same way by putting the tongue on the back of the teeth or on the LV leverage. Okay, so those air all around dealers there next, we're going to talk about palette ALS. Remember, your pal it'll is that is farther back. So your villa ridges in the front, but the roof of your mouth raise the roof, right. The roof of your mouth is your palate, your palate. So it goes. You have a hard palate because that's hard up there, and then you have a soft palate, which is farther back, and it's softer. If I touch it, I might gag or something. But you have the palette there. So let's talk about the pallets. Um, we have Okay, this is where your sides of your tongues touch back at your palate. Yeah, And you can feel your whole tongue all the way on both sides touching as you pass that sound and also show your tongue is tryingto sticking up touching the palate. Right? You're restricting that air to make that sound all right. It's friend is So the whole tongue all the way around is touching on the sides, not in the middle, but on the sides. Your whole tongue should be touching that pallet. Okay, Those air to sounds next year. We have a kind of a tough sound in English if you think about it by itself. But this is, um this is basically the voice version of Is E just, uh And again, you form it the same way you do as but you let your voice come through. This is found in words like treasure treasure. Okay. And we have two more palette ALS, and one of them is Jack. Just so again, you're touching all the way around on your tongue. Um, and the it is a short sound that comes through it, and it's found in Jay's and G's, So just Joe, you should feel your tongue all the way around, the edges touching. And then the last one I want to talk about which is tough for some people is the sound. Yeah, yeah, yeah, No. On this one, Onley the sides of your tongue should be touching the palate, not the front of your tongue. Yeah, yeah, yeah! Okay. All right. Next we're going to talk about R V. Lierse. Okay? Our dealers are in the back behind the palate v Lierse. And these are two different sounds one is voiced on when his voiceless the voiceless one is good. Okay, I want to show you That's a good view of it. So you can see the back of the tongue kind of curls up like this and touches the back of the power. That soft palate is the Beeler. So and then the voice version is Go. God! God! God! All right. Do you see how the back of my tongue goes up in the back? Those are the dealers, and all right, um oh, that's also where we form the sound. Um, I forgot this. That's also where we form the sound and G, or look at my tongue goes up in the back, but not in the front. No sin sin. Do you see that? Pretty cool. All right, one more that we're going to talk about. This is a global, and your Gladys is further back in your throat. It's hard to show you, but it's basically where your throat meets your, um your cabin e where all of your mouth iss So it's back in the back, and that's where we make the sound like H OK, okay, so those are the places of articulation again, this is kind of technical, but they're important to understand so that in other videos, when I talk about these areas, you'll know what I'm talking about. They're very important when it comes to making sounds, especially in continents, as you could see, right? So, yeah, so this video all pertained to places of articulation 4. Video #4: Manner Of Articulation: In this video, we will discuss manner of articulation. This is how we articulate or make sounds, and this is important when it comes to understanding how to make appropriate sounds in English. If you don't know how to make the sound, then you will never be able to make the sound right, especially as a second language learner. Often we make these sounds naturally. When we're Children, we don't usually need help in understanding them, but a second language learners. You sometimes need help to know exactly how a sound is made so that you could make it correctly and be understood, because that's the most important part right to be understood. So let's talk about the manner of articulation and the six different ways that we can articulate sound. Now, in another video, we talked about the place of articulation, and so we combine these places with these manners, and it creates all of these different, unique continent sounds. So these are our constant sounds, non vowels, and let's talk about the 1st 1 The 1st 1 is called a PLO sieve or a stop a PLO sieve or a stop. Now these sounds are created by building up pressure of air. You collect air in your mouth, and then you release it. Okay, We think of this as, like a sudden burst of air. These air sounds like, but duh God, all of these sounds collect air in your mouth or somewhere behind the tongue. And then suddenly out comes the sound those air called PLO sieves, or stops. So say them with me the and feel the air collect before you release it. Ready? Uh duh. Go. So you're holding your breath. You're stopping your breath, and then you're letting your breath go. Those air cold stops. All right, The next one that we're going to look at, this is the most popular one. And these air called Fricka. Tibbs, Frickin Tibbs. And this is when we force air through our mouths. But we stop part of the area so that the air can't go through everywhere. It stopped in certain places. OK, so we somehow we take our vocal track or we take our tongue or in some way, we stop the air from moving through, um, in all parts of our mouth. But it's not a sudden burst of air. No, not it's not like the stops. It's a constant stream of air. It's just that we're we're stopping it so it can't move throughout her whole mouth. Okay, let me give you examples to help you understand. These would be sounds like So with all of these sounds, it's a constant stream of air. The air doesn't stop, right? The air is not stopping like a right. That's an instant stop. But with frigate ibs, the air keeps moving. But the thing is, is I move my mouth so that I'm manipulating the air. I'm I'm controlling the air so that I can decide where it comes past my tongue. Right. So with the I'm only letting air come through this front part right on Lee, where my teeth meet my my lips. So the air is not coming through on the side. It's only through this front part or let's take, for example, it's coming down through my teeth. I'm I don't have my mouth open. I can't make an open sound s right. I have to constrict or control the air, so I let it pass through. Okay, those air, Frickin Tibbs, do you understand now? Okay, so we have stops we have, frickin Tibbs. And next, we're going to talk about Africans. Africans are the set there a combination between the Fricka, Tibbs and the stops. So there's a sudden burst of air, But also, you are controlling where the air is coming through these air. Sounds like Yeah, and Yeah, John. So I'm controlling that air. But also, I'm sorry I'm having that burst of air, but I'm also controlling where it's coming out of venjah. All right, Next, we're going to talk about the Maysles, the nasal. Do you know what nasal means? It means knows more specifically, it means the nasal cavity. So we have our nose. But behind our knows, this is our nasal cavity. Its its areas of open space behind our cheeks that help us, they're like and a little echo in our nasal passages. So with this were relying on making a nasal sound through our nasal passages. And these sounds are Mm. And mm. Uh, so we're letting things ring. They're ringing up here in our nasal passages. Mm hmm. Uh, it has nothing to do with air. It has to do with letting it letting it ring inside of our nose. in her nasal passages. Okay, so for the last two, these are sometimes called approximates. But there's two types of approximates, so we have liquids and glides and liquids is when the air stream or the air goes along the sides of the tongue. But also it's blocked by going through the middle of the tongue so it can only go on the sides of the tongue And these air two different sounds. Uh, and we'll so it's most easily seen with O or the L sound. We're putting our tongue on the back of our valvular ridge well, and the air is coming through the side so air can't pass when my tongue is touching the ovular rich. So it comes around the side all along It's coming through the sides there old and hurt those there are liquids and lastly, we have our glides, glides and this is when the tongue just glides. It's always moving. The sound is just gliding off our tongue. And we have to sounds here we have you. Yeah, and wow. Whoa. Notice that the tongue starts tall, starts like, more constricted and then releases. Yeah, yeah. Uh huh. We'll be, uh what our tongue is gliding, it's moving. So those are the six manners of articulation for constant sounds. OK, we're going to have other ones for vowels, but for constant sounds, those are the manners of articulations. We have stops, we have frickin lives. We have Africans, we have Maizels and we have liquids and glides which are also called our approximates. So this is going to be very important now as we move and talk about the different sounds that we make because now you know how we're making it so that you can later practice as we do some really practical exercises that activities to get you some practice. 5. Video #5: Short Vowel Sounds: in this. Listen, we're going to talk all about short vowels, short vowels. Now I'm really tall like, really tall. I'm 188 centimeters or six foot 20 my gosh, I'm really tall. I come from a tall family and these air short vowels, but it's a totally different kind of short. Okay, It's not like short and height. It's short and sound. Okay, Short vowel sound like this when we're talking about a e i o and U, they sound like and And yeah, uh, uh, Repeat after me. And here Ah, uh, perfect. You're doing great. We're gonna practice the's a lot. Okay? So short vowels are the normal vowel sound for most vowels that you see when you're reading along. Um, however, there are also long vowels, which we will talk about in another video. And long vowels sound like a e i o u just like their name. But we'll talk about long vowels in another video. Short vowels are what we're going to focus on now. These are the vowels that come up in words like cat let fit pop cup, these air the short vowels. Okay, I'm going to give you several different rules to talk about short vowels so that you know how to recognize them and then know how to pronounce them. I know a lot of you haven't had a difficult time with short vowels because a lot of them sound the same to you especially, and and it they're very different in our years. But I know it's difficult for a lot of you, so we're going to talk about them and then practise them a lot. So you feel really comfortable. Okay, so So the first rule I want to share with you is that, um short vowels are usually the sound that is made when there is one vowel in a syllable. And there's only one syllable in the word. So, for example, and there's only one syllable, and there's only one foul in the word. And so that vowel is short. And ah, okay. Another example is the word on Oh, one syllable, one foul. And so, Ben, you have Ah, the short Oh, okay. Um, yeah. So let's talk about the next rule. The next rule is if you see, um, a longer word and there's a foul. And then after that, comes to constants, then the vowel will be short. Let me give you some examples. Okay? I know you're confused, but let me let me help you. Let's look at the word winning. Winning W I End end i n g. So there's an I W I. And then there are two continents a double confident after the foul. And so because there are too the vowel right before it is short. So it's not whining. It's winning because there's a double constant. Let me give you another example. Gripped to grip, something means toe hold tightly. So gripped is spelled g r i p p e d. We have two peas and so the continent or the vowel before the double continent is short, so it should be gripped in it. Gripped. Okay, it's great if it was g r i p E d. With only one p that makes it long, griped, I We'll talk about that next time. Okay. Another rule about short vowels is if you see, um, a vowel and then c k a vowel and then c k. Then it's going to be short. Let's look at the word duck. Quack, quack, quack. You know the animal duck or duck can also mean to duck down to bend em. Um, but duck is a single vowel, followed by C. K. And so the U makes this short a found, uh, it's a great rule. So if you Onley So here's the trick. If you only see a K. So think about the word liking. He is liking that guitar liking. It's L I K I N G. There's no sea in front of the K, and so that makes it a long vowel. But L I c k i n g is licking it, licking. It's a short bell because there's a CK. All right, so next. Yeah, there's a c k With that, the next one we're going to talk about is the vowel before a job or sound. Let's think about the word, um, badge. So a badge a police officer wears a badge. It's like something you wear that shows that you are official. So badge is spelled B A d e g e. So it's a vowel. So but a followed by the just sound bad badge. So because there's a job, the vowel before it is short. It's not Bay aged. It's badge. Okay? Another example. Bridge Bridge. So there's continents. Then there's a vowel. Brooke it it. And then there's just bridge. And it's not Brij because there's a just sound. Same is true for the sound. Okay, let's think about the example of what am I doing here? Oh, wait, that's not that's not very good. Okay, I'm gonna throw this and catch to catch. I caught the pen, so catch. So, um, with that, there's the app short ass sound followed by that. So because there was the vowel before, it is a short sound. Okay, Another example of that is stitch were fetch all of those air short vowels. And remember, short bowels do not sound like they're spelled. They are. Uh huh. It, uh uh So all of those rules are going to help you out in knowing whether to pronounce something as a short vowel or a long vowel and went and out pronounce It is the short vowel . If there's just one vowel and it's surrounded by constants, and they're especially if there's a double continent, don't forget, it's a short found. I'm going to teach you all of the rules for long vowel sounds in the long vowel, less and video. So don't worry. There's more rules coming. I know you love rules. Um, okay, let's do some practice. Now. We're going to do some practice of each vowel sound, so you could really get it right. I know this is difficult for a lot of you. So, uh, repeat after me, Okay? We're gonna say a bunch of different. Yeah. We're gonna start with short A so that a Say it with me and you have to move your mouth. Ah, OK. Repeat after me. Aunt X wax can man tag bag ran cat map J M and band Rat bat Pat sat mad. Sad, bad, Dad. Okay, I hope you got that. That was really good. I think we can hear you, but I'm guessing it Waas It's a tough one, so you can always re watch these in practice more. Okay. Um all right, let's go to the short. A sound, say and look at my mouth how it's forming. I m see how my tongue my tongue is flat and my mouth is open and my mouth is wide. So do that too. Even if you're embarrassed of opening your mouth a lot. Do it because this is how you pronounce it. Okay. Repeat after me. EG leg fled. Step a tent. Bed, bed Read. Messed rest vest. Web. Get jet met. Set put pen. 10 men. 10 fell. Well, so good job. Wonderful. Practice those again. That, um that's a That's a really good set of words to practice. OK, next one is the short it sounds made from I here. Repeat after me. Dig pig, wig, dip, hip lip, 10 pin When did head a kid lead? Milk, silk swim list Fit, Bit fit, Hit pit, Phil, Kill pill will. Good job. That's a tough one to Okay, lets go too short. Oh, words made with the sound. Ah, watch my mouth. Oh! Oh, you see it? Okay, here we go. God. Nod, Saad. Huh? Ma. Tough pup. Plus docked. Got cut. Stop jumped. Not bucks. Bucks, Bucks. Mom! Mob Rob sub. Good job. Now let's look at short. You sounds which are, uh right. Here we go. Repeat after me. Cub tub, Rub bud! Mud Run, son! Cut pop buzz, But cut Nut bug. Doug! Hug, mug, Tug, puff! Come gum. Jump! Pump Dumb good job. Okay. Those are our five short vowel sounds or people one more time with me. Yeah, and it, uh, And rewind that as much as you need to to practice those over and over and over. It's the number. One way to get better is to keep practicing. And then also make sure you watch the lesson on long vowel sounds. Because in that video we will talk about the long vowel rules. And then you'll know how to pronounce all the fouls that aren't dip tongues and you. But when a vowel is by itself, you will know how to pronounce it. Okay, so good job on this one, and make sure you practice again. 6. Video #6: Long Vowel Sounds: in this lesson, we will talk about long vowel sounds. Hopefully, you've already watched the video about short vowel sounds. And now in this video, we're going to talk about long vowel. Sounds long. Okay? These are five vowel sounds that are very important in the pronunciation of English. And in some ways, you probably already know these battle sounds because they sound exactly like the letters themselves. So we have a e i o u just like the letters. That's the sound that they can make in what? In speech when we say them a e i o u we're going to go through each one, and I'm going to show you how to move your mouth so that you can create these sounds perfectly. Okay. Are you ready? So the first sound we're going to look at is a watch my mouth as it moves a a a Do you see how the mouth stays wide and it moves as you make the sound It comes becomes closed, more closed. A a even gets a little wider near the end. Okay. Repeat after me these words and you can follow along in the written portion. We have that I have all of these words listed for you. So read these words with me as you repeat with me. Okay. Ready? Se babe paid. Wait. Make sure you're saying all of these words, OK, One more time. Say babe paid. Wait. Good job. All right, now let's move on to e o this one. So easy to say, OK, you just do a big smile e big smile and you make a sound e great. It's It's the easiest sound to make Maybe maybe they're easier ones, but it's pretty easy. E easy look too. Two different times. I'm making that long e sound easy. All right, let's practice with these words. See? Need p sing one more time. See? Need p sing Good. Make sure you move your mouth all the way. My cheeks hurt from smiling so much When I say e who do your cheeks hurt when you smile too much? My do Okay, the next sound the next long vowel sound that we're going to do Is I So repeat after me I i i This is the dip fellow which will talk more about later. But again your mouth is moving. Watch my mom at my watch. My chin go higher. I It's almost like going from ah to E I I I i e a e You're gliding. I did hear it. Okay, hopefully that helped you. Let's practice some words together. I ride bright. Good job. One more time. I ride bright. Move your mouth. That's how you get those sounds, OK, the next time we're going to make it long vowel sound is 00 look at my mouth. Move again. Oh, oh, You start bigger and then you go down to a good little circle. Who? 00 well, it's almost like you start to make a w sound. Oh, okay. Let's do these practice words together. Repeat after me row. So grow, though. Good job. Watch that mouth move. Make sure your amount this moving. Okay. All right. Repeat after me. Row. So grow, though. Very good. All right, Now let's look at the you sound you sound And sometimes it will sound like you. Sometimes it will sound like ooh, So, um and we can talk more about that later. But for now, just just look at how we make this sound do. Oh, this actually might be the easiest sound. You just make your mouth look like Oh, who do you say my lips come out? Mm. All right. And so let's repeat after me. Okay, You cute flute. Huge. Good job. One more time, you cute flute. Huge. Very good. All right, let's see the long vowel sounds again. Altogether ready? A e i o u one more time. A e i O u Great work. Okay. Now that you know how to pronounce these long vowel sounds, I want to talk to you about the rules of how to know when you're reading or when you're thinking about the spelling of a word. How to know whether it's long or short. We talked about some of these in the short vowel video, but I want to build on those ideas and give you even more rules to help you identify these even more. Okay, so rule number one and you can read along. Remember, you can read with me. Okay. Rule number one is when a vowel or when a word has two vowels. Remember, vowels are a e i o u When it has two vowels, then usually you say the first vowel as a long sound and you don't say the second bell. Okay, so let's look at some examples of a being the first bowel. The examples are male and gain in these words. The battles are a I but you only see the A Okay, male gain. Okay. In the e, we have the examples of here near wheat. In those examples, it's e A. But we only say the e So remember, if there's two vowels, you only say the first vowel sound as a long sound. All right, with I there is dialogue and trial Now, I was a little bit tricky. You're not going to say when you have i e You're not going to say the I sound? Yeah, you're going to say it like an e sound. So there are exceptions to the rule where you don't follow the rule and I e is one of those i e usually sounds like e. So that does not follow the rule. But let's look at more that do follow the rule with Oh, we have coat and toe. Both of those have, uh, two vowels. The 1st 1 is O and the 2nd 1 is something different. a or eat. And then with you are examples are fruit and juice. Both of those, have you I in them and you Onley pronounce the you sound not the I sound okay, that was all Rule number one. Now let's go on to rule number two. You can read along with me when a vow and constant are followed by an e The e is almost always silent Silence silent e But that silent e causes the first vowel to be long are examples are eight plane Pete lank nine rope note cube and flute. So look at all of those words and see how there is a silent E at the end. So the vowel before it is going to be a long vowel sound Because there's that long e at the end. The same is true, by the way. Well, I'll get into that in the next rule. Okay, I'm getting ahead of myself here. Okay, let's go to rule number three. This is if a word has one foul and it comes at the end off the word that word usually has a long vowel sound. Here are some examples He we Hi. Go, and no all of those short little words only have one vowel, and it comes at the end. And so that makes it a long vowel sound. Now you will notice that there were no examples using in A And that's because if there's Onley in a and it's at the end, it's usually an ah sound like Ma or huh? OK, so it doesn't work with a but it does work with the other vowels. Okay, now rule number four. This is a good one. Rule number four is I or O can be long when they come before too confident two continents. So the examples are stroll kind gold and child. So there's a confident. Then there's an I or an O. And then two more confidence. And that combination makes that Val found a long sound. Repeat after me One more time. Stroll, kind gold child, do your girls. Okay. Great job. Um, now we're going to practice a bunch of words, So you're going to get a lot of practice here. This has been a great video with tons of information, so get ready. Get your mouth ready to move. Tell, huh? Ready to move and let's get started. Repeat after me A male gain Bake AP Paint Gray Nail Main Les Stay Sale Take date. Pay fade Wave Way made. Those are your A sounds good job. Re go back on that video again and listen to it again. Practice again to get that a sound. Now repeat after me for E. We're going to get a big smiles on, right e See, Feel here. Be wheat sheep t be. I feel team feet Meal year Need meet we key. Did you get your big smiles? Good job. Okay, now let's go to I remember you can read along with these as we say that. Okay, it helps you identify the spelling with the pronunciation. Let's do I repeat after me I hide bank time Lime vine, white pie dive ride, side chime cry dry wise pine sky child Good job. Now let's do Oh, watch my mouth again. Oh, repeat after me. Road coat, huh? Rope stove grow No show closed. Chose cone tone stone joke. So good job Now the youth this last long. Val here we g o you June true New crew New flu stew juice Cute flute, Dune blue clue mule rule Cube. Great war. Good job, those air your long vowel sounds and we're going to talk more about vowel sounds. So get ready. Get ready for the next day to learn more and more about vowels were getting a lot of practice tomorrow. So warm up your mouth and make sure that you're going back and watching all of these videos again so that you get all the practice you need to speak clearly and change your life. 7. Video #7: Common Vowels vs. Diphthongs : Now that we've talked about short vowel sounds and long vowel sounds, we're going to talk about common vowel sounds and dip thongs. Now. Short vowel sounds and long vowel sounds were very important when it comes to reading and pronouncing things from written words. But common vowel sounds and dip thongs are going to be especially important when understanding the exact way we pronounce vowels. And they're very important in speech. And we're going to cover all of the common vowel sounds and all of the dip thongs, and I'm going to also teach you the difference between the two. So common vowel sounds are vowel sounds that are produced from one sound. Your mouth does not usually move during these sad these common vowels, whereas indep thongs. Your mouth does move when producing those sounds, and there are several that we're going to talk about here first. Uhm, I'm going to go through and pronounce all of them. If you want to read along with me as I pronounce the's, you'll get the most benefit. So reading and listening together are going to be great. Okay, so please repeat these common vowel sounds after me. Okay? It and Yeah. Who? Uh uh Ah, uh, Notice how my mouth moves during each of those. You could go back and watch again and watch exactly how my mouth moves. And that will help you a lot. But let's go through each common vowel sound one at a time. So we I will make the vowel sound. You'll say it with me. I'll show you how the mouth is formed. And then we'll do some practice words with that vowel sound. Okay. All right. Here we go. The 1st 1 is E Now we've already talked about We smile when we make the sound e a So repeat after me. Eight Meet living busy. Great job. All right. The second common vowel sound is a short battle and it is it. It's that short I sound and you can repeat after me with these words. It kit. Sick pin. Very good. Now let's look at the sound. Notice how my mouth is partially open, but it's not as wide as the e, it's e. And with F, this is the short e sound and repeat after me. And best dress better. Very good. Next one is a It's that short a sound. Yeah. Notice how long my mouth is when I say a And my tongue kind of folds up in the back of my throat making it more nasal e a Okay, repeat after me at Apple Rat Matter. Good job. Next is new. This is that long. You sound right. Um, repeat after me. Pool dune soup. Jewell. Good job. Okay, Now we're going to get into a vowel sound that is common, but it's not long or short. It's different. So you pronounce it like this. Uh uh uh. Notice how my mouth almost makes an O, but it's a little more relaxed. Uh huh. Oh, and also, my tongue kind of contracts a little bit. My tongue goes back. Uh uh uh. So repeat after me. Book should putting put, uh uh, book. Uh, good job. Okay. Next is that short? U sound? Uh, uh. Notice how I formed my mouth. Uh, my tongue is relaxed, so my tongue just lays flat. It doesn't go up. It just lays flat. Uh, okay. And repeat after me, but blood come, son. Very good. All right. This one is a new sound we're going to talk about and the sound is awe. Oh, uh, kind of like the word a w e aw, all all and my tongue is back. It's kind of back contracted. It's not flat. It's back a little bit. Aw. Aw. Okay. Repeat after me. Bought daughter. Long toss. Very good. Okay. And then the last common vowel sound is Ah, this is like when you go to the doctor and the doctor says, open your mouth and say, Ah, your tongue is flat, flat tongue. And you just, uh It also reminds me of singing, so Aw, it's very It's very natural. It's a natural sound to make. I believe so. Repeat after me. Opera father, Farm heart. Great job. Okay. Those air are common vowel sounds. Repeat after me one more time and watch my mouth as I make these sounds a Here. Ah! Oh, Uh uh. Oh, uh, very good. Practice that a lot. That part. Watch again and again and again. Okay. Okay. So now we're going to practice dip thongs. So we just practiced common vowels And now did thongs are We've practiced some of these already, but they are important because your mouth moves while you are making these vowel sounds OK , and they are. There are five of them and they are as follows. Repeat after me A Oh, I How away you should know My mouth is moving when I say these, it starts in one place and moves to another. Three of them are long vowel sounds and two of them are new. They're they're they're just dip dongs. Okay, so let's go. And, um, let's talk about each one of these. Then the 1st 3 again are these long vowel sounds We've already practiced, but it's good for you to know that their dip thong so you can watch my mouth move. The 1st 1 of course, is a A and repeat after me. Eight sleigh pain flavor se You'll notice that it starts out here a and it goes more towards an e near the end. A good job. The 2nd 1 of course, is Oh, and we talked about this in long vowels. But let's do it one more time. Watch my mouth move Oh, oh, oh, good. Repeat after me toe grow, go goat Very good. Let's look at number three of the dip thongs and it is I I I you notice it. It almost sounds like I I a e i e I Okay, let's practice. Repeat after me. I ty cry lime light. I great. All right. When these last two thes are are new to this course, so pay attention. The next one is our Oh, watch how much the mouth moves. It moves a lot with this one. Oh! Oh, okay. Repeat after me. Proud mouse cow about now, don't be afraid to move your mouth, so you need to move it a lot to make these noises. OK, so don't be afraid. Move your mouth. All right. Last one is Oy, oy. It's almost like o e o e o e Oy, oy, oy boy. Good. All right. Repeat after me. Toy voice noise One more time. Toy voice noise. Great job. Don't be afraid to move your mouth, Okay? It's the most important thing you can do. Okay. For extra study, I created extra practice for you written in this material. So make sure you read that practice and get that extra help so that you can identify where dip thongs are in writing. Okay? It's really important. Great job. Common vowels and dip thongs. Let me say them all one more time. So you have this practice session at the end. Read with me and repeat after me E and Okay. Oh, uh uh Oh. Ah A Oh, I How? Oy. Okay. Great job. That's a lot of practice for you. We have some great exercises today. I hope you enjoy them. You've done a great job. Vowels are so tricky. And you need to practice practice, practice. Because vowels are the number one way that people can understand what you're saying. So make sure you practice these a lot. Great job, everybody. 8. Video #8: Mastering Vowel Sounds: in this learning activity, we will be doing minimal pairs. Invaluable sounds minimal pairs are when you have the same word. But you change one sound in the word so that you're comparing and contrasting two different sounds. So the words are the same except for one sound. And this is a great exercise toe. Help you with your vowel sounds because you need lots of practice for vowels. Okay, so, um, you can read along as we do these minimal pair sets this learning activity read along. So you know what words we are saying because they sound very similar, which is why you need to read and practice. So the 1st 2 sounds r e and it e a repeat after me beat bit reach rich green grin peel pill seat fit. Great job. All right, let's do the next one. We're do. We're comparing it. And if read along So you know what we're doing is the short I and the short e. Okay. Repeat after me. Sit. Set pin 10 will. Well, litter letter bit. Bet. Good job. Let's do the next one. We're comparing at and short A and short E. Uh uh, Repeat after me and end bag bag, man. Men bat bet Sand, send. Good job. The next one is due. And, uh Mm. Uh, so it's the long you sound and the, uh like in a book. Okay, so repeat after me. Food, Foot, pool. Pull full. Full shoud should stewed stood. Good job. Next one is a versus Who that short you versus the long you repeat after me, but boot hut hoot None Noon. Rough roof. Duck. Duke. Good job. We have two more sets. The next one is Ah, and A that Ah, look. And father. And at that short, a sound like an apple. Repeat after me Top tap pot Pat. Hot hat, cop cat rock rack. Good job. Last one. Aw, versus E all like a W E versus E that long e sound. Okay. Repeat after me. Bought beat Walk Week. Log league saw. See, Pause peas. Great job. This is a learning activity, which means it's all about practice. So watch it again. Practice it again. There's not a lot of explanation. It's mostly just practice. So read along and do these minimal pair sets many times. And you will improve if you practice practice, practice. Great job 9. Video #9: Activity: this learning activity is a really fun one. This gives you an opportunity to practice your vowel sounds in a very targeted activity. So it's going to focus on those specific nuances or small differences between the vowel sounds. And basically we're only going to say five words, and these five words are, Oh, Bell, Bill Bow and oh, it's difficult to hear the difference in some of these, but this practice every well. First of all, every native speaker can hear the difference. And if you pay attention and if you practice, you can hear the difference, too, as well as pronounced the difference. So the 1st 1 is ball like a ball that you throw with an A bo. The 2nd 1 is bell with an E b e l. L like a bell that you ring thinking, and the 3rd 1 is Bill Bill with an eye so this could be a man's name Bill, Or it can also be the ticket you get when you go to a restaurant to pay. I can also be the letter you get in the mail that says you owe $100 for your electricity. Whatever it is, that's a bill. Okay, a ball bell. Bill bowl. OK, Number four is bullets. B o W. Out. And that's like a bowl that you eat out of, right? Um and the last one is bull bull with you. And that is like the animal, the big cow. You know, the male cow man cow. So these words sound similar, but they give you really good practice for these vowels, so repeat after me. Bo Bell Bill! Oh, Bull Bo Bell Bill! Oh, oh, Now you're going to do it faster. So listen to me first and then you do it. Okay? Bo Bell Bill. Bull, Bull! Now you do it pretty good. All right, let's try again. Let's say it with me. Ball bell, Boo! Bull bull! Good job. Let's do it again. Ball bell. Bill. Bull, bull! And now listen one more time. Really closely as I say them slowly so you can really hear the difference and watch my mouth to You can see that my mouth shape is different for each vowel. Oh, Bo Bell Bell Bill! Bill! Boom, Bo! Oh! Oh, good job. Okay, Now let me test you here. I'm going to say one of the words and then in your mind think Oh, that I know which one. That ISS. And then I'll tell you how the spelling is so that, you know, if you got it right. Okay, so the 1st 1 is Bell Bell. That's the one with the e b e l l bell ding. Hopefully you have, right? All right, let's try another one. Ready? Boom! Oh, did you get It's the one with the you like a bull B u l l Okay, let's try another one. Ready Ball, Bo. That's the one that has the A bow. Good ball that you throw. Okay, let's do another one. Bill Bill, that's the one with the I B I am and one were Bo Bo. That's the one with the O W b o W l full. Okay, So practice this again if you had difficulty and this is a really easy practice that you could do even as you're writing on the bus or driving in your car were walking on the street. Just say ball bell, Bilbo Bowl ball, Belleville Bull, bull And the faster you can say it, the more precise you could say it, the better you're going to be. But again, the practice is up to you. You have to practice these things in order to get 10. Video #10: Schwa: in this lesson, we're going to talk about the most common sound in the English language. Do you know what it is? There's one sound that we make more than any other sound in the entire English language. And if you clicked on this West and you probably know it's called the Schwab the Schwab, have you ever heard of the Schwab before? Well, if you haven't, you really need to know about it, and you especially need to know how to use it. Why? Because nothing makes you sound more like a non native speaker of English than if you don't use the Schwab. Ah, it's so important. So how do you use the Schwab? What is the Schwab? That's what we're going to talk about in this lesson. Okay, so first of all, let me just help you out here a little bit. The Schwab sound is Well, let's that Let's just say this. It sounds like this, uh, it can also sound like this. Yeah. Okay. Listen to the word. I want you to think of the word banana like we eat bananas. Right? Listen, think about how in banana there are three A's b a n a n a banana. Okay, but think about how those three A's sound different from each other. Let me say it slowly. But Nana. But, Nana, did you notice that the first a and the last a sound the same? But now, no, they sound like ah, uh, interesting, huh? Because we don't think normally of an a sound sounding like a right If we think of the word Dad D a d that's that short ass sound. Or if we think of the word father f a t a g r that a sounds like a uh So we have a ah can a sound like, uh, well, that's what the Schwab is. So the Schwab is the most common sound because it is the sound that most vowels make when they are not stressed, either in a word or in a sentence. So let's go back to banana again. Think about but, Nana, which syllable in banana and remember syllables air parts of the word that we saved like a beat. But, man, uh, there are three syllables there. So think about banana. The first syllable and the last syllable are not stressed. Meaning we don't put our emphasis on those syllables. Right? But we do put our emphasis or are stress on the second syllable. Right? It sounds like this, but And, uh, but, Nana, we stress the second syllable because that's how we say that word in American English Banana. So we know the middle A Sounds like the short, a sound that add sound. Right. But now I know, uh, we know that one, right? Okay, but we we need to go back then, though to the first and third, they both sound like a That is the Schwab sound. That's the Schwab sound. It's the sound. It's the sound that vowels make when they are not stressed. Not always, but almost always. Okay, let me give you some more examples. Um, let's think about the word A b o u t about about think about the sound that the A makes in about. It's a Schwab. Right? So it's about it's not a about we do not say, Um, that show is a about France. We don't say that because we don't stress the A in about about we stress the second syllable. So because of that, we have to reduce or unstrap s the A so that we can stress the about. Right. So it sounds like about about and that Schwab sound shows up in, uh, okay, I have given you two examples of the Schwab sound using the spelling. A. But let me give you one, um, using the spelling of E. Okay, I'm looking at my list. Sometimes I have to remind myself about my list. Do you ever have to do that? Okay, so let's think about the word and the me enemy. Hopefully you don't have any enemies. My goodness, life's too short, right? Hopefully you don't have enemies, but we are going to practice on the word and a me. Right? An enemy is the opposite of a friend. Someone you fight with, you know, opposite of a friend. So what? Let's start with what syllable is stressed in the word enemy. The 1st 1 right. And me and me on me, that first syllable is stressed. So it sounds like it should It sounds like an and me right. And me, However, the second e sounds like, uh, it sounds like a unstrung est up. It does not sound like and then me She is my NME. No, I would not say that. First of all, I don't wanna say anyone's my enemy, but that's another subject. Okay, So what we do say is we say and me and, uh uh uh, and, uh, me and the me it's to hear the enemy enemy. So whenever we stress something, we use that sound that it was designed to make the un stress. We don't. Okay, let me give you another example, because I think you understand this. You're doing great. Okay. Lets we had an example. We had an e example. Now, this is our i example. And, um, the word is incredible. Incredible. Okay, um, let's think about which syllable is stressed. First of all, I'll take a sip of my drink. Which syllable is stressed in? Incredible. The 2nd 1 Right. Incredible. Incredible. So we stress the 2nd 1 and so it sounds like it's normal self. It sounds like a short vowel. An incredible, but let's look at the third syllable. Shall we in? Let me just say, um, the first I is reduced, but we still say in and sometimes that's because, um, it's starting off a word. So let's ignore that one. For now, there are always exceptions, but let's look at the third syllable in credit. Double. Incredible. Double ink, red double. It sounds like, uh, doesn't it? And that's normally and I but we've we've reduced it down to a Schwab. Okay, let's look at, um, one with an o sound ready. And the word is oppose. Oppose. This means to be opposite from something or to try to stop something right. Try to stop something. I oppose that law because it's not fair. Right? So, um, in a pose, what syllable is stressed? The second syllable. Right? Oppose. But that means the first syllable, which hasn't Oh, does not sound like, Oh, I do not say I oppose you. No, do not say that. We say I oppose. Oppose, Right. Awesome. You're doing great. Next one we're going to look at is the you sound. Now, this is kind of confusing, because it's not that confusing. Actually, you got this, but it's kind of interesting because, um, the short u sound does sound like the Schwab. The only difference is is that the Schwab is even shorter. It's It's not very long in time. So, um, let's look at the word focus. Focus. Obviously, the first syllable is stressed. Right? Focus, focus. And the second syllable is not stressed. And so it sounds like a focus. And in this situation, it sounds even more like in which is common with the Schwab Focus. Focus. It's like a just a unstrung est mid central vowel Focus, focus. So, yeah, those were your examples of a e i O and U. Okay. All right, let's do a few more examples here. I want you to I'm going to say a few words, and then I want you to, um I think in your mind which syllable is using a Schwab and then repeat after me. And then I'll tell you what the Schwab waas in that word. Ready? All right. Oh, here's a good one. Ready? We're gonna Look, we're going to Where is we're gonna think about Where is the Schwab in the word syllable syllable. It's in the 2nd 1 Syllable. Even the 3rd 1 is reduced. Right syllable. Good. All right. The next one we're going to look at is, uh, yeah, okay. This is a good one. Differences, differences. Okay. They should be both the second and the third syllable differences French princes, princes about sound like on a right on the first syllable is stressed. So that's not a Schwab. Um, let's do another example. Noodles, noodles. What do you think? It's the second syllable, right? That's the Schwab, um, another one puzzle puzzle. It's the 2nd 1 Here's a hint. Any time you see L. E. At the end of a word, it's usually a reduced Schwab send. Okay, this is just very important. Um, I want you to pay attention. There's going to be a quiz that follows. And as you do the quiz, just really pay attention to where you think that Schwab should be and then start practicing this in real life. I can always tell when someone is not a native speaker when they never unstrap s any syllables. So this is a common issue with a lot of non native native speakers. But also this is a common issue for speakers from other dialects. So, um, for example, in Japanese, there are not a lot of There's not a lot of stress that happens on syllables. All of the syllables have a similar stress pattern to them, so I can always tell when a Japanese person is speaking English because they tend to not stress as much as other people would. But you really need to stress and unstrapped syllables. Um, a lot of Indians do speak English natively, but the accent is very different, and the dialect is very different. And one of the differences is where we stressed syllables or unstrung syllables and the use of the Schwab. So the Schwab is a really big deal for people from India who are fluent in English. But people have a difficult time sometimes understanding them when they're in the United States because of their use or non use of the Schwab. So it's very important. It's important to practice, and, uh, this quiz is really gonna help you understand it. So that's all about the Schwab, and there's plenty of practice below. So really, pay attention to that attention. You know, in every word I say there's a Schwab. If it has two syllables or more, it usually has the Schwab. So that's all about the Schwab. And if you have any questions, make sure you let me now 11. Video #11: Introducing Consonant Sounds: in this lesson, we will talk all about Constant's continents are those sounds that are not vowels. They're the opposite of vowels. We talked about continents when we talked about manner of articulation and place of articulation, and we're going to return back to talk about Constant's again. And we're going to practice thes so much over the next several days so that you will speak them so clearly you're going to be able to pronounce them perfectly after these next several days. So this video is going to give you and overview of constant sounds so that you know all 24 continents sounds and then the then the videos. After that, we'll focus more on really practicing those over and over and over. So let's give an overview. And the way like to introduce constant sounds is by talking about the difference between voiced and voiceless voiced and voiceless. First of all, what is a voice? Well, it's what I'm using right now to talk to you. It's this vibration, like a little vibration in my throat or in my vocal cords or my vocal folds. It's a vibration that happens that comes out and sounds like something It sounds like something that's your voice, right? Well, continents can either be voiced or voiceless. Now. Voiced means that when when they're blister with voiceless voiceless happens. When your vocal folds are open, an air can pass through freely. Let's listen to me say the letter h. Okay. Air from my lungs is coming up through my vocal folds, and my vocal folds are wide open, so air can pass through freely. That's a voiceless sound. The vocal folds are open. All of those. It's just air coming through. Okay, so that's voiceless. Now voiced is when those vocal folds are closed and then they vibrate like this. They vibrate because they're closed. But air is passing through, like shaking the folds. That so that they bounced together. Let me give you an example of that. Mm, we're Mm. Back. Uh, the way that you know it's vibrating. Were moving your vocal cords is you can take your hand and put it on your throat. So do this right now. Take your hand. Put it on your throat and you can feel vibration when you make this sound. Mm. Um, can you feel your throat movie vibrating? That's a voiced sound. Okay, now let's try. Let's try this sound again. Take your hand put on your throat and say, Do you feel a vibration? No. Do it again and let's try. Mm. Um, do you feel the difference in your throat? Another way you can check between voiceless and voiced is you take a piece of paper in front of your mouth and then, um, make the sound again. Do you feel air on on the piece of paper? Does it wave the piece of paper or do you feel it on your hand? There's air coming out, but a voiced sound like, uh uh, there's no air hitting your hand or the paper her but mm, no air. Okay, that's a voiced sound. So let's go through all of the voiceless sounds first, and then we will do the voice. Sounds OK. Sound good. All right, let's start with voiceless sounds The voiceless sounds Repeat after me. Oh, my goodness. I feel lightheaded. All that air coming out now. Notice how silent or quiet these sounds are. This is because they are voiceless. They don't have that vibration in the vocal chords, their voiceless. And by the way, I hope you're reading along with the's as we do this so that you can see what sounds I'm doing. But, you know, the 1st 1 was like a park park. You'll notice that, um, with park, that first sound is voiceless. Now, let's look at the difference between park and bark park and bark. Do you hear a difference? The 1st 1 is voiceless in the beginning. Is that sound? But the 2nd 1 is voiced, but bark but bark. Let's do the whole list off. Voiced confidence. Repeat after me, but, uh God, John. Um Ah. What? Le Oh, yeah. Mm. Uh, okay. Good job. Those are our voiced confidence and our voice constants have that vibration through here. So why is this important? Well, it's important because often times English learners mix up or make a mistake with what sounds air voiced and what are voiceless. And if you make a voiced sound when it should be voiceless, then you're going to be pronouncing something in a very confusing way and people won't understand you. So you have to speak clearly. You need to know the difference between voiced and voiceless so that you can speak clearly and people can understand you. So this list is worth practicing over and over and let me show you one more difference before we talked about. And but But in that situation you are using your mouth in the same way both lips come together. But but the only difference is what you're doing in your vocal cords. But but this stays the same. Okay, we're going to get a lot of practice with this in the coming days. So the days that come next you're going to see really specifically how to pronounce things . So So don't fear if you don't have it all correct. OK, but let's go through these comparisons really quickly and watch my mouth watch how I form each one so that you can pay attention to that and then pay attention to the voice to voiceless aspect. So we will always say the voiceless one first voiceless. First repeat after me, but park bark Duh town down God coat goat sand van Sip, Zip. Sure. Treasure. Let me do that. One again. Sure. Trey, your There's not a word that starts with sh, which is why I had to put it in the middle Okay, The next one hiss Jeff Chain Jame, Sigh thy. And now let's move on to the other sounds that don't have a match in the other category. Hello? Mm. Mom, I m not well wide. Oh, love Read. Yeah. Yellow. I m saying you're pulling up the tongue in the back there. Okay, Good job. And let's go through these sounds one more time. I'm gonna move in closer so you can see my mouth very closely and you can see what my mouth is doing. Ready? But duh. God. Jack. Um Mm. What? Oh. Ah, yeah. Mm. Uh, there you have it. Those are your 24 continents sounds. And I hope that helped a lot. Make sure you go back and practice that section again at the end and pay attention to how my mouth is moving And think again about the place of articulation and the manner of articulation. Thes air. Really important for constant sounds. Great job. Everybody 12. Video #12: P and B Sounds: in this video, we're going to practice minimal pairs for and but P and B. So I'm going to give you the comparison of these two sounds by giving you two words that are exactly the same, except for one sound. So that's how we do all minimal pairs is by comparing these two words so everything's the same, except for one sound. And that gives you the opportunity to practice those two sounds by doing the comparison, and we're going to do a lot of repeat after me. So get your mouth ready and let's get started. OK, so first of all, this town's and but are both formed in the same way with your mouth. It's by bringing your two lips together, but it's called a buying labial, actually, by means to labial means lips. I labial so and but you use your lips, and also with your air, you're doing a short burst. So it's a quick burst of air. It's not a long passing of air, if that makes it so. But all right, so practice with me. Yeah, and one thing you should notice right away is that is voiceless and but is voiced. Um Okay, so let's look first at 10 different minimal pair set where we're going to practice the set . The two sounds in the initial position. The initial position means the beginning of the words. So let's look, at example, number one p being p be in the 1st 1 We're using the voiceless p and in the 2nd 1 were using the voiced but be so make sure you're repeating after me p be Let's look at the 2nd 1 pin Been pin is the voiceless. Ben is the voiced and in these in these sets were always going to do the voice with first. Okay, so number three peg bag peg bag number four, pay bay. Okay, bay, you hear the difference? I hope you do that. I hope you're producing a difference too. Number five park bark park bark. I remember the 1st 1 is voiceless with the and the 2nd 1 is voiced with the but parking bark. Number six pig being pig Big number seven Peas, bees, peas, Bees Number ain't pat. Yeah. Back number nine Pug bug. Pug bug number 10. Poor bore. Poor bore. Okay, so those are the 10 minimal pair sets All in the initial position or the beginning, and we're going to repeat those again later to get even more practice. And of course, you can follow along with the text as we go so you can read these and follow along. Okay, Now. Well, actually, let's test you here, okay? I'm going to say for number one, I'm going to say either P or be voiceless or voiced and you identify that in your mind, and then I'll tell you with the interests. Okay, so four number one, the word is P with one or two voiceless or voiced p. It's voiceless. Hopefully, hopefully you got that one. Okay. Number two Ben been Is it were, But been It was number two. It's the voice. Been OK? All right. Number three. Bag bag. Boyce Left or voiced in the beginning. Bang! It's voiced bag, Bubba! Bubba, beg! All right, Number four pay pay. That was voiceless. Hey, good number five Bark bark, boys. Altar boy. That's voiced. Good bark, bubba Bark and number six. Pig pig. That's voiceless. Pig number seven Bees. Bees That's voiced. But bees number eight bath. That was voiced back number nine pug pug. That was voiceless pug and number 10 bore bore that was voiced. But all right now let's look a final position. This is a little tougher. It means final position means the sound is at the end of the word. Okay, so the 1st 1 the first comparison, is a number 11 rope and robe, rope and robe. One thing I want you to notice about final position continents is that if it's voiceless than the vowel before, it will be shorter. And if it's voiced, I mean sure in time. Okay, not in Val Sound shorter in time. And if it's a voiced constant at the end, the vowel before it will be longer in time. So listen to the time that it takes to say Rope, rope and robe, robe, rope, road rope, robe, rope, robe. You hear the difference? Okay, so practice that now Say rope. Now, say robe, rope robe. Great. Okay, so that's a little trick with final position is that pay attention to the length of the word. OK, that's another clue that you get in addition to the voiceless there voiced. Okay, number 12 is tap or tab. Tap tab. Make sure you're repeating after me. Okay. Number 13 Lip lib. Lip lib. Number 14 cup Cobb cop Cobb and number 15 Cup. Cub Cup cub. Okay, let's practice. I'm going to say one of these and you have to decide whether the final sound is voiceless. We're voiced. Okay, Number 11. Oh, I shouldn't put my finger up. Okay. Number 11 Robe, robe should be voiced Robe. But, Bubba, uh, number 12 tap tep. Voiceless tap. Okay, uh, number 13. Lip lip. Should be voiceless. Lip number 14. Cobb Cobb. Should be voice. Cobb. Good. Number 15. Cub cub should be voiced. Okay, so good job. Hopefully you got that. And now let's go through the whole list. You can read along and let's practice one more time. And this is the section that you can come back and do again and again. So do that homework. Get that practice in where you're doing it again and again. But repeat after me. P be number two. Pin been number three Peg Bag number four. Pay day number five. Park bark. Number six. Pig big number seven peas. Bees number eight. Yeah. Bath number nine Pug bug number 10. Poor bore. Number 11 Rope robe number 12 Cat tab, number 13 Lip lib. Number 14 Cup Cobb number 15 Cup cub. All right, those where you were and but minimal pairs. Let's do one last exercise. And in this exercise, you're just going to say the individual sound over and over. We're gonna do it 10 times. Ready. Good. Now let's do. But but but But but But but But but but great practice that last those last two sections to really get and but And I hope you're having fun with these exercises practice, practice, practice so you can speak English clearly and change your life. 13. Video #13: T and D Sounds: in this lesson, we're going to be discussing the minimal pair set of and duh. Let's first of all talk about how we form these important to sell. Now, of course, these are the sounds that are produced most frequently from T and D and duh and of course is voiceless. And duck is voiced right. We create these two sounds by putting our tongue on the back of our valvular rid, which is right above the teeth right back there. Okay, so you put your tongue on the back above your teeth and have a short burst of air. That's how you create those two sounds and duh. Try it with me. Death Duh. Okay. All right. We're going to get a lot of practice here so that you can make sure you make thes right sounds whenever you need them, and we're contrast ing and duh. But these are also important sounds to contrast with other sounds a swell. So you're just going to get all the practice you need so that you make sure you make thes two sounds correctly. Okay. As with other minimal pair sets, we're going to look at minimal pairs. That just contrast one sound in two words. So the two words are the same, except one sound is different in it. Okay? And we'll do 10 set that are in the initial position, which is in the beginning position, and we will do five sets in the final position. Okay, so we're gonna get a lot of good practice. Make sure you are repeating after me. So you get the most practice and you can improve your pronunciation the best. So the 1st 1 we're going to look at is 10. And then do you hear how with there's more breath with it? And, uh, there's not a breath coming out That sounds like it doesn't sound like that. It just sounds like the voice the Okay, So repeat after me. 10 then 10. Dan 10. Dan. So with that sound, it's voiceless. And with that death sound, it's voiced. Okay, so number two T day T Day number three Tour door Tour door. Do you hear the difference? Are you making? Are you making this sounds yourself? Number four Town down. Town down. Number five. Time die time. Die. Number six Tip dip. Tip dip number seven Tart dart tart dart number eight Tan Dan Tan Dan number nine, topped dot count dumped and number 10 for our initial pairs. Our initial sounds in these pairs tear dare tear dare aren't great work. Hopefully you're hearing that aspiration or that breath with the voice lift and hopefully you're hearing the voice with that voice. Duh. Okay, now let's go to the minimal pair sets that have the final position. So this is the sound at the end of the words that were comparing. All right, Number 11 is lit. Lt'd lit lead. Let's try that one more time lit lt'd good job number 12 Cut cod Cut cod and you notice How would that voiced Ending that the vowel sound is a little bit longer in time. So remember that that always if that's a voiced ending, the valve before it will take a little bit longer. So we had cut cod cupped God. So there's two ways to tell. Number 13 wrote Road wrote road number 14 that bad bet fad And the last one is number 15 feet. Feed feet feed great work. Hopefully you did well on those. And remember all of these practicing of these individual sounds will help you with your overall pronunciation. So it's important to take the time for each one of these sounds so that you make sure you get it perfect so that when you put them all together, you produce amazing language. Okay, so it's kind of like if you want to be a really good foot, a really good soccer player, you probably need to spend time just practicing with you and a ball, just doing your dribbling or your ball handling. So you would need to spend time just alone practicing the individual skills for for soccer . You know, European football, South American football in the same way you need to do the same thing with language, right? So we have conversations all the time, but sometimes you need to get alone and you need to practice these individual sounds, and that's what you're doing. Right now. You're doing a great job, and when you when you practice alone on those little tiny skills and those little tiny points of pronunciation, that's when you can go back to a conversation and you have so much better pronunciation on the whole. So this is really good practice. OK, so now Let's go through. Um, and we're gonna do our to big exercise. Is that the end that you can always repeat and come back and watch again and again? And really get that practice down? So this is when you repeat after me and again do this practice, do this section several times. We're going to do it twice together. Okay? And then just rewind it. Watch it again. Okay. Repeat after me. I'm going to do each set two times already. 10 then 10 then number two. T de T day number three Tour door tour. Do wear number four. Town down town down. Number five. Time die Time Die Number six Tip dip Tip Did number seven Tart dart tart Dart number eight . Tan Dan Tan Dan. Number nine tot ducked, topped, ducked and number 10 Care. Dare chair dare. Good. That's the end of initial position. And now let's look at final position. So repeat after me. Number 11 lit. Lt'd lit. Lt'd number 12. Cut cod cut cod number 13 Wrote road Wrote road number 14. That bad that bad and number 15 feet feed feet speed. Now, remember, go through these several times to get all that practice in to speak English more clearly. And for the last exercise we're going to do together, we're going to pronounce these sounds 10 times each. So say it with me. Ready And the voiced The, uh, great job. Get all that practicing. Watch it again. Practice it again. Read along. Remember, practice makes perfect. So great job on these two cents and 14. Video #14: F and V Sounds: in this lesson, we will talk about the sounds like in F and like in a vest. These sounds are formed in the same way, and we will talk about how to form these sounds. And we will also have lots of practice activities to make sure that you can succeed at the sound and you can make it clear. Now, let me tell you a little bit of information about the types of languages who struggle with these sounds. One. Start with the sound. The F Sound. This is a struggle for languages like Mongolian in Mongolian. They often mix up the and sounds. If you don't speak Mongolian, it might be confusing. How could you mix up? And but remember, every language has its difficulties, and that's just a struggle for Mongolian languages. Now let's talk about the sound. One example of a language that struggles with the sound is Spanish. Spanish speakers often interchange the sounds of but and and I will talk about why it's different. So it's all about where we put our teeth for these two sounds. So for both, and watch where my teeth are. Do you see how my top teeth touch my bottom lip. Now look at me. Make the be sound, but But there are no teeth. They're right. It's just two lips. So Spanish speakers pay attention where your teeth are. Vest. It's not best it's vest. Okay, But these two sounds can benefit a lot of people. Some people really struggle with these sounds. So that's why we're going to practice it. So get ready and repeat after me. The sound. Okay. Remember, the only difference is the voice with those That's the only difference. Okay, so let's start by doing these practice activities now thes minimal pair sets where only one sound is different. And just repeat after me. We're going to say each pair twice. And remember, you can read along to see the difference. Okay, so here we go. Repeat after me fee. Oh, this is number one. Sorry. See V fee V. Make sure with fee. You're really pushing that air out. That's that's the difference is you're really pushing air out with that voice. Listen. See V Ok. Number two. Foul vowel. Family vowel number three. Fan van fan Fan number four Fear veer. Fear Veer number five. Fine. Fine. Fine Vine number six File Vile file. Vile number seven Fail Vale Sale Vale number eight Fat that fat fat number Nine feet. Vite feet. Vite! Sorry I was wrong with number nine. Let me try that one again. It's actually in l A the end because Veit is actually not a word to the sylvan's trying again. Ready feel veal, I feel veel. Good job. See, Everyone makes mistakes. Okay, Number 10. Fast, vast, fast, vast. Ok, now let's look at final position where these sounds come at the end of the word. Ready, sir. Served surf served. Now pay attention. Do you hear that? The vowel sound in the second word is longer. I take more time to say it. That's one. That's one thing that you can notice when there's a voiceless sound at the end of a word, the vowel before it is shorter. And when there's a voiced sound at the end of a word, the vowel sound is longer in time. So listen T number 11 again. Ready? Surf served surf served. Do you hear how serve is a little bit longer? But the tip and remember, be very dramatic with that air pushing because that's how people will hear the difference. Be very dramatic with it. Okay. Number 12 Safe. Save safe. Save number 13 Life, Live life Live number 14. Grief, Grieve Grief Grieve Number 15. Belief. Believe belief. Believe. Remember to practice those again if you need more help with that. And remember, pay attention to those teeth. Let's try this. Repeat after me one more time we're gonna say each sound 10 times. You ready? Good job. Now let's do off. Excellent job. Pay attention to those teeth for F and V and get some good practice than you guys. Remember, practice, practice, practice. And if you have any additional questions, please comment. Please let me know. Uh, shoot me an email, whatever it takes. Just let me know if you're having trouble with these, and I could give you more advice. Is you go along. Okay. Great job. And I will see you in the next lesson. 15. Video #15: K and G Sounds: in this video, we will be talking about this sounds and God. That's like the letter K and the letter G that hard g liken got kite and got OK, so with this, we're going to talk a lot about where does our tongue go, Fork Anga? Because it's a little bit tricky. But don't worry. I'll teach you some tricks so that you can pronounce nga clearly. Okay, so first of all, let's talk about Do you remember what the back of the roof of your mouth is called? So there's a hard part I hear. And then there's a soft part in the back. If I touch it out gag. So I'm not going to touch it. But this hot this this hard part is called the palate. And then the back part back there is called the soft palate or the veal. Um Okay, so, um, you need to take the back. So if this is your tongue Okay. Hello, Ton. All right. If this is your tongue, you take the back of your tongue up, and if you can see, but the back of your tongue goes up on that soft part in the back, okay? Okay, Take your tongue up in the back. And it also goes wide, a little bit so wide and up in the back. So you need to be touching both sides of your teeth in the back with your tongue. But also, it's up. It's curled up like this, and you even make your tongue a little shorter. Okay, Okay. God! God! God! God! God! God. Oh, you can see. Okay, look it. Look at my tongue. Sorry, it This is weird, but it's the best way to learn. Okay. God. God. God, Do you see how my tongue goes up and it gets shorter? Okay, that's how you make this sound. So, um, remember is voiceless. And God has that voiced sound to it. Go with the voiceless sounds. You push out more air, okay? And it's a short air burst. Okay, So that that help you understand? I hope it did. Let's practice just the sound. First, we're going to do it five times, so repeat after me. Yeah, Good job. Now let's do the gut sound. Five times. God Gah! Gah! Gah, gah! Good job. Notice also. That my jaw. This is my jaw right here. Okay, my jaw goes down as I'm saying this sound so it's my tongue is up on my jaw goes down. So it starts out high, and then it goes down. Ready? God. God. Okay. All right. Let's do these practice. Minimal pairs. I know this can might This might feel boring or you think Oh, what's why are we saying this so many times? Well, it's because it's the thing that will help you. If you repeat things the correct way over and over and over, you will get better at it. So keep practicing. Watch them again. I say this a lot, but it's for your own good. So number one repeat after me. Coat goat coat goat. First of all, do you hear the difference? Coat has more air coming out, and it's that sound is no voice. And goat goat has the voice through the whole sound goat. Okay, coat, goat coat, goat. And it's okay to be dramatic with that air because you want people to hear that air. Because if they hear the air, they know what sound you're making. Okay, so be dramatic. Don't be afraid. Be dramatic. Okay. Number two cold, gold, Cold gold. Good job Cut. Got caught. Got great. Job number four. Camp Gap Cap Gap number five Cage. Gage, Cage Gage, number six Card, guard card. Guard number seven Cole, Goal call. Go. Number eight, Curl Girl. Curl girl. And don't worry if you can't pronounce our now. Very well. We're going to talk about that. Okay. All right. Um, number eight. Cut. Gut cut. Gut number nine. Sorry. Number 10. There we go. CASS. Gas, cats, Gas. Okay, those are our 10 in the initial position, and now we're going to focus on the final position, which is the last sound of each word. And you can repeat after me for number 11 is back. Bag Back bag number 12. Luck. Lug luck. Lug number 13 Sack SAG sec SAG number 14 Smack, snag, snack snag number 15. Jack, Jog. Jack Jog. And let me tell you, um, one other thing that I realized that might help you is you'll notice that that that or maybe you don't notice, and that's okay, but something you can pay attention to. Especially if you are from a tonal language. You can probably hear this better than other people, but when I see the word joc, joc JOC. The Vatel sound stays on the same tone, but when I say the word jog jog, it goes down a little bit. Okay, Do you notice that jock jog, jock, jog, jog, jock, jog, jock. So that's one thing you can pay attention to as well. If you're having difficulty with that final position sound, and this is with voiceless and voiced, so you can try this and other exercises as well. Pay attention to that vowel sound. It's always going to be shorter when it's voiceless and the tone is going to stay the same . Whereas with that voiced ending, then it's going to be a little bit longer in time. And also it's going to drop down a little bit. Jock jog, jock Jog, jog, jog. I jogged. It goes down. Okay, great work, everybody. Let's say these 10 times each, just like we do with all of these. Sounds ready. What, are you having? Trouble breathing? Because I am Get a lot of air for that. Okay, now let's do the Jeep. The hard G sound got got, got, got, got, got, got, got, got got Great job, everybody and got Remember watching in for more practice and I'll see you in the next lesson. 16. Video #16: Ch and J Sounds: in this lesson, we will talk about the and just sounds spelled. C H usually is the voice with sound, and Jeff is formed in the same way. But it's the voiced sound. So we're going to talk about exactly how to form these sounds so that you know how to make these. Because En Gia are very difficult in many different languages. It's a challenge. So get ready. We're going to learn a lot in this lesson, and you're going to be able to pronounce the's clearly at the end of this lesson. Okay, so let's first of all, talk about where does our tongue go? Where does our mouth go as we do these so that we can pronounce them clearly. Okay, well, you will take the front of your tongue or the tip of your tongue. This is called the tip. I hear tip of your tongue on your out dealer ridge, right above your teeth. Remember Valvular Ridge him. Okay, so put your tongue on the Al Villa ridge, and then you're going to produce a short burst of air. Ready? Listen along and see if you can hear it. And also watch my mouth notice how my teeth come together in the beginning and my mouth kind of opens up. Can you see that I purse my lips is what we call that. So Okay, so as you make that sound, then watch one more time. Then you will notice that the tongue drops down at the end of that sound and the teeth open up, OK? Do you see that? Now? Jah is formed in the same way. Accepted has the voice Jack! Jack! Jack! Okay, so repeat after me five times and we will hopefully you'll hear yourself do this. Ready? Great job. And now let's do five of the voiced Jack sound like in a j Jack jah jah jah jah! Now pay attention, Spanish speakers I know you have a hard time with the jets sound, so make sure you're paying attention where your tongue goes, where your teeth goes, where your mouth goes. Okay, Jack. Yeah, Okay. Great job. One other thing I want to say is that we're going to be also in another video talking about S h H. And I want you to notice that it's formed very similarly to the sound. But what is the difference What is the difference? The difference is C h is a short burst of air and s h h is a longer stream of air that does not stop. Do you hear the difference? So I'm not talking about S h in this video, but it's something I want you to be aware of. I want you to pay attention, because that short burst of air is very important with Okay, so let's get practicing here. Um, you're going to repeat after me for these and Jeff Minimal pairs. You ready? Repeat after me. Cheap Jeep. Cheap. Cheap number two chin, gin chin. Jim, that air sound on the CH is very important. Number three choke joke, choke joke. Good job number four, chump Jump, chump jump. Good. Number five Chain James, Chain Jane. Notice how the J sound is softer than the ch sound. Right. Number six char jar. Char jaar Number seven Cheer, jeer, cheer, jeer. Good job number eight. Checked Jet Chet. Jet number nine. Choice Joyce, Choice Joyce and number 10 Chest. Just chest jest. Great job. That was all of those sounds in the beginning. And now we're going to try it with the sounds at the end in the final position. Ready? Repeat after me. Etch edge, Etch Edge. Do you hear that sound going down again? Pay attention. Number two lunch lunge. Lunch lunge Number three Rich Ridge, Rich Ridge Number four, Search surge, Search surge and number five eight age, eight age. Now remember that air with the voiceless sound is so important that you make that strong air sound whenever you're making a voiceless sound and then don't make that air sound when you make the voice sound because otherwise it sounds like the other one. Okay, And then also make sure you're really emphasizing your voice when you're making a voiced sound like age age. Use your voice age. Just It's okay if you have a little sound of the end as long as you're emphasizing that people won't think you're making the other one. Okay, so this this is a tricky one. I know this is difficult, so you might need to put in some extra practice for this one because it's tough and pay attention to where your tongue is going, where your lips are going and what your air is doing. OK, great job, everybody, and I'll see you in the next lesson. 17. Video #17: S and Z Sounds: this lesson is all about S and Z, and we form these two sounds in the same way. But oneness voiceless and one is voiced. Which one do you think is voiceless s or the? Hopefully you say yes. It has no voice coming through. Okay, so how do we form this? These two important sense, Because we use and a lot think about plural endings. Think about, um Oh, you know, third person, singular verbs. We use that those sounds a lot. So how do we make it? Well, let me tell you what my tongue is doing because the tongue is really important here. Your tongue should be flat and low. It should be at the bottom of your mouth and stay flat. And the tip of your tongue will lightly touch your bottom teeth. The back of your bottom teeth. Do not put your tongue up. Keep your tongue down and flat and make sure the sides of your tongue are touching the sides inside of your teeth. So try it with me. Ready? Flat tongue touching the sides and lightly on the bottom. Inside. You also bring your teeth together and let that stream of air come through that constant flow of air. Try it again. Look where my tongue is. It's flat and low and touches the back of my teeth. Do you see it? Okay, let's try now to make the same sound, but with voice, uh, like a like a bee way. Say, that's the sound that a little B makes. Okay, you see my flat tongue. Okay, let's do five s sounds and five z. Sounds ready. Great job. If you have trouble with these, go back. Watch that part again. Okay, so now we're going to practice these and sounds, um, and we're going to do with minimal pairs, and we're going to start with 10 minimal pair sets in the initial position. So that sound is at the beginning of the words, So ready. Repeat after me. Oh, and make sure you read along so that you could know what you're saying. OK, Repeat after me. Sewn zone su zoo seal zeal. Sit that. Sit zit. See Z sap. Zap, sin zin. We actually only have eight at that initial position, and we have more at the final position because it's more common toe. Have that sound at the end of words, Especially this sound. Okay, so let's do those one more time. The initial position. I want to make sure you get it two times, so repeat after me. Sewn zone. Su zoo seal zeal. Sit zit. Sip zip. See? Z sap. Zap. Sin is in by the ways in is an abbreviation for zinfandel at the type of wine. It's not really a word. We use that often, so, you know. Okay, Um, final position. So now we have seven of these. We usually have five, but we have seven. And read along and repeat after me. We will go through this list two times loose. Lose device. Devise bus buzz race. Raise ice eyes, face phase. Niece knees. Good job. Now let's do that list one more time. Loose lose device. Devise bus buzz race. Raise ice eyes, face phase. Niece. Mees. Great job. Okay, let's do these like we always do. Let's do these 10 sounds, um, here at the end, each one gets 10 times. Okay, So repeat after me. Or rather say it with me. Here we go. Now, let's do this. Okay. Great job, everybody. That is and sounds 18. Video #18: L and R Sounds: in this lesson, we will talk all about l and R Pool and her Le and my goodness, this is these are two tough sounds for a lot of people. These air difficult sounds. I understand that. But they are actually very different in English. And I'm going to teach you how you can be confident with l and R so that you never say light when you mean right. They performed very differently in the mouth. And so we're going to get a lot of practice because I know this is difficult for many, many people. OK, so don't worry, you're going to get it. But you do have to pay attention because there's a lot happening in the mouth for these two sounds. Okay, so first of all, let's talk about how to make the sound. L cool. Okay. So look at my mouth closely. You will see that my lips are relaxed and open, and then you will notice that my tip of my tongue comes to the back of my teeth. Uh uh. Well, uh, some people put their tongue higher on the bottom of the Al Villa ridge, and some people put their tongue on the bottom of the teeth. Oh, like that. But I like to put mine behind the teeth so that you know, you're going to pronounce it correctly, because when you put it in between your teeth, you can sometimes make the mistake of making the tea age send. So I like to put the tongue behind the teeth or Well, uh huh. So you'll notice it starts behind the teeth. And then as you make this sound, the tongue drops down a little bit. Lola, Lola le le a le le light light light. Okay, so make that sound with me. Le le le le le. Okay, Now let's look at the r sound. This is very different. Okay? Our sound. I notice you don't see my tongue. Her? Where's my tongue? You don't see it, so you don't put your tongue up front, Okay? Instead, your tongue is pointed upward towards the roof of your mouth, are so I'm going to show you my my tongue looks like or, uh, it's hard to see, but it is pointed up. Okay. It's pointed up like this her. It's flat on the sides. Your tongue is touching the sides of your teeth. Okay, so this side, these air touching your teeth and then the front is curled up towards the roof of your mouth, but don't touch. Okay? Can you see how it's far back? Uh uh. Uh huh. So it's up. It's very high up. It's not near the front of your mouth. Here are your teeth. So here's flat tongue. It comes up like this. Okay. You see that rock? It's up. Okay. So repeat after me, Right? Right, right, right, right. Do not touch your tongue. The front of your tongue to anything. It does not touch your teeth. No teeth, no roof of your mouth. Nothing. The tip of your tongue does not touch anything. That's the big problem people have. Okay, so row. So let's try five Els and then five Ours. Okay. El le le le le le are right. Right, right, right, right. Can you hear the difference, Le Lola, They're very different. Okay, let's practice. These were going to do 10 in the initial position or the beginning, because that's the most helpful. And then we're going to try something new called the medial position. Mead means middle. So the middle, the middle of the word. And this is because this is where a lot of Els and ours live. They live in the middle a lot of times, and you need to know how to make those constant clusters. What do I mean, constant clusters? That's when you put two continents like D R. Together, and they make a new sound. So we're going to practice those and see how they're different. Okay, let's go slowly through these number one. We will always do l first. Okay, So number one light right? And I'm coming closer. You can see me. Okay. All right, Let's say that again. Number one light right. Number two, lead raid bleed. Read. Good. Job number three, Load road, Load road and move your mouth. Okay. Number four luck rack lock. Rock number five Lane. Rain. Lame. Rain number six. Lip Rick Lick. Rip number seven, Wade Raid laid. Raid number eight, Lap wrap. Lap rack number nine lows. Rose lows. Rose number 10 lieut. Route, LIEUT. Route. Great job. This is hard. I know that, but you're doing great, and you just need to practice and pay attention to that tongue. Okay? All right. The medial position Here's where it gets interesting. We make a different sound first, and then we make our l or R sound. So number one, repeat after me Watch my tongue and watch my mouth. Pillay, Pray play, Pray Parade. So make sure you know that your tongue is moving with these. Okay? Pull a Les les. Do you see how you're still making the l sound? But it moves. Play and parade A pray, pray your tongue is still moving But remember, it starts up high. Okay, Number two Blue Oh, sorry. Blues bruise. Blues bruise went 1212 Blues Bruise Number three Clue Crew Clue Crew number four Clown Crown Clown Crown number five Alive. Arrive alive. Arrive. Great job, everybody. It's all about the tongue in those sounds, So pay attention to your tongue. And if it's not in the right position, keep fixing it until it gets in the right position. And again, listen to my, um, to the minimal pairs many times and practice many times. Pra pra product. There's that p r practice many times you can get better at this. It just takes a lot of practice, but well done on the L and ourselves 19. Video #19: M and N Sounds: This is the lesson for M and N sounds. They're not formed in the same way, but we're putting them together because they're both mazel sounds. That means your sound is coming from these nasal passages right here. That noise is going up into your nasal passages for lack of a better word. So, um, let's talk about first of all, how do we form? Um uh, muh Ma. Well, first of all, the tongue isn't doing anything. It's just laying there flat. No tongue movement. Um, uh, it's all about the lips with M ma ma. There's no air coming out. It's just that nasal residence or that voiced aspect up in the nasal passages. M there's no air. Mm. Okay, Mom. Mom. Okay, The next one is N Oh, goodness. You can see this really? Well, I know you can see this. My tongue does the work here, and actually, it goes in the same place as T and D. But the difference is there's no burst of air here. Instead, it's that nasal sound. So we make a tea and a D by saying t the and we put our tongue in the same place for n and it goes right on that. L've Iler Ridge above the teeth. The top teeth. Right and no. Okay, let's do these five sounds. Start with em. So say these together. Ma. Ma, Ma Ma? Uh huh. Uh huh. Okay. Good job. Okay. Follow along with me. Read along as we do these minimal pair sets for A and M. And and in the initial position, repeat after me. We're going to say each set two times. Ready, mo No, no, no. Number two might Night might night. And by the way, you're getting some good vowel practice with these minimal pairs. Just so you know, really good vowel practice. Um, number three Mir near Mir near number four. Me, me. May me number five Move new. No new number six moon, noon moon noon. Number seven. Meal meal meal, meal number eight Mice. Nice mice. Nice. That was number eight. Number nine, Matt Net. Matt Nat, Number 10 mitt Net. Met Net. Great job. Those air, all the initial position or the beginning. Now, let's do the ones in the final position or the end, and you can repeat after me. Cam Can Cam can notice how my lips come together for that final sound dime dying dime dying Number three Term turned term turn number four, some son, some son and number five I am And I am And great job on the M and end sounds or And let's say these 10 times together, So we get them all. Let's start with M Mama. Let's say each time. Um uh uh uh uh uh uh uh. Now, let's suit. And, uh uh uh uh uh uh. Great job, guys. Go ahead and practice those again and great work on and 20. Video #20: Th Sounds: in this lesson. We're going to talk about T age sounds and okay, these are tricky sounds for a lot of people, and it's for good reason. The th sound doesn't occur in a lot of other languages. But I'm going to teach you exactly how to make that end sounds so that you make sure you speak clearer English. Okay, so let's get started by saying the th sounds are formed by the same way we make move our mouths in the same way. The only difference is voiceless and voiced, just like so many others. So how do we form the th sound? Well, the key is the tongue between the teeth. Now, you might feel silly or weird by putting your tongue between your teeth, but you need to do it if you're going to make a clear th sound. If you're too shy to put your tongue out, you won't sound clear. I know that sounds strange, but if you really want to speak clear English, you need to be able to do this. Okay, So take your top, put it between your teeth like this, and then let air pass through. Let's do the voiceless First the air passes over the tongue between your teeth at the top of your tongue. You have to stick your tongue out. Okay, that Let's try the voiceless. Let's do voice that was voiced. I'm sorry. Let's do the voiced again and now voiceless. You can even see that my tongue rests on top of my lip, so it's like teeth, tongue, lip. It's like a sandwich. Okay, that should even tickle your tongue as you do it. So again, it's very important that you move your tongue outside your mouth. One way that you can check and see if you're doing this correctly, is you take your finger, you put it outside of your mouth. And if your finger gets wet from your tongue, you know you're doing it right again. Another weird trick. But it helps. Okay, so put your tongue out or put your finger out there and see if it gets wet while you're putting your tongue out. That's the only way to know. OK, so again, it's very important. All right, let's do some examples of the voiceless th sound. We're going to be focusing all on these th sounds with tons and tons of practice. So lots and lots and lots of practice. For this video, it's extra long because there's a lot to practice here. This is a difficult sound for a lot of people. So, uh, let's do the voiceless th sound that we're going to do to initial sounds and two final position sounds on. And the reason is is because we're going to get a lot of practice later, so readable and practice this with me. The first word is thin thinned. Pay attention to your tongue. Next one is thought. I thought, If you need to spend extra time on that first sound, it's really important you do now let's look at the final sound. Let's end in that voiceless th bath bath. Both. Both. Okay, really Pay attention there. OK, so now let's do some voiced th sounds. The 1st 1 is these. These 2nd 1 is the the and now final sound. With the voice th is bathe babe and clothes clothe the clothes. Good. Now, the way we spell this, these sounds are both T h. So it's pretty simple, your not probably going to make that sound unless there's a th there's a th almost always You're making one of these two sounds, OK, so because the th sound is difficult for a lot of English learners, there are some. There are some other sounds that people use. Sometimes they use like a tea instead of th Sometimes people use death like a D. Sometimes people use. It's like an s, and sometimes people use like an f. Okay, Can you believe it? Seems strange if that's not something you do. But these are very typical sounds that other people use because they can't do th And it's very important that you learn how to do th sounds so that you can speak clear English because when you use one of those other sounds, you're not clear, and people will be able to tell that your accent is not from a new English speaking country , which is OK, but the point is, is that you need to keep improving. Okay, so getting this th sound is very, very important. Okay, so where you're going to repeat after me as we contrast the th sound with each of these other sounds? OK, we're going to do ducts and okay. And the key is with every one of those those other sounds. Don't use the tongue between the teeth. You need to put your tongue between your teeth, because then you'll get it. OK, so the 1st 1 we're going to compare our th and T. Okay, so let's we have seven initial position and then four final position. And some of these th sounds are voiceless and summer voiced. I'm not as much worried about that as I am about you getting that that good. Th tongue between the teeth. All right. Repeat after me. Will do each 12 times. Thanks. Tanks. Thanks. Tanks number two. So one tourney. So weren tourney number three. Sick tick. Sick tick. That was number three. Number four. Now, then, 10 then 10. Number five. These teas, these teas, number six, those toes, those toes number seven van tan, then tan again. It's all about the tongue. So pay attention to where your tongue is. All right, Now, final position. Both boat, Both boat, bath, bat, bath, bat path, pat path pat. Death, debt, death debt. Very good. Okay, Now we're going to compare that voiced T h with the duck or D sound. Okay. And the if you look at my mouth there formed a very differently that that does sound again . The tongue is on Valvular Ridge, so you're not even between the teeth. So if you move your tongue correctly, you could do these. All right, initial position. Repeat after me. They day they day the day the de number three thigh die thigh die number four those does those does number four. Number five there dare there Dare number six, though. Doh, though doh number seven Van Dan Van Dan number eight. Then den, then den. Okay, now. And that one didn't have any good final position, so we only did initial position there. Okay, Next, we're going to compare the voiceless th the and the or s sound. Okay, a lot of people do this. This is common with Chinese speakers Often do s sound instead of th so That's where if you're a Chinese speaker in particular than that's when you're going to need to pay attention to Okay, An initial position. Here we go. I think I think I think sink sick, Sick, sick, sick. I thought I thought I thought thought thing sing thing sing. I saw saw I saw I saw Same same theme. Same number seven. Thumb some. So So, um, number eight. Thin sin. Send sin number nine. Suds, suds, thuds, suds number 10 some, some, some some. And now for final position with th s number one Faith Face. Faith Face. Fourth, fourth, four, fourth, number 3/10 10th Ted. 10th number four. Now that was number three. Sorry. Number four. Mouth mouth now. Mouth number five. Meth mess. Math mess number six. Myths, Miss Myth, Miss Number seven, path pass path pass number eight. Youth, Youth, Youth Youth number nine. Worth worth. We're worth and number 10. Growth, growth, growth, growth. I need to tell you a story about that th versus s sound. So my son's name is North north, like, you know, the direction going north, not south north. It's kind of a different name for an English speaker, but I really like it. Ah, but one thing I found is that a lot of my students had a difficult time saying his name. They would not say north. They would say Norse, a Norse, and that's definitely not his name. So that's that's the time where I really when he was a baby. I really learned that Chinese speakers in particular have a difficult time with that north north. That th s and I just thought of that as we were going through all of those minimal pairs. I remembered how all of those students called him north, but that's not his name. Okay, this is the last section of these different sounds that we're going to go over for these minimal pairs. And this one is the or F sound with the th. Okay, we're going to say th first and we'll start with initial position. Okay. Number one Finn Finn. Thin finned number two. I thought fought thought fought. Number three, I think. I think I think Think number four first. First thirst first, remember, with F you're putting your teeth on your lip with no tongue teeth toe live with no tongue. Uh, number five. This is tough because it's three. Well, it's this constant cluster, or it's this th plus and are which I know is very challenging. So if this is a very complicated one, if you can't get it, don't worry. OK, this is master level. All right. Number five three free three. Free number six also difficult throws froze, throws froze and number seven also difficult threat. Fret threat. Fret. All right. And two in the final position. Death, death, death, death and number two Oh, off both. Oh, good job. You probably need to practice those a few times. But you did a great job. Th is not easy. But remember, the tongue is the key. Make sure you put your tongue between your teeth and your bottom lip. Let's make each of these sounds 10 times in this extra extra long video of or the th sound . So repeat after me Will first do the voiceless 10 times. Good job and never waste. Great work. Good job. All right. Thanks for joining me on this T Age lesson, and I hope it helped you alive. 21. Video #21: Sh Sounds: Are you ready to learn the S H sound? Well, we use the s age sound a lot in English and this sound is not present in every other language. But it's very common, especially when we tell people should be quiet. So we're going Teoh work a lot in this lesson on the S H sound, and we're also going to compare it to the sounds that other people usually use instead of it and how that's mistake. Okay, And we're going to get a lot of practice with this so that you make sure you speak the S h sound clearly. So let's start off by saying, How do we form the S H sound? Well, for one look at my lips, how they are rounded Do you see how they're pushed forward and kind of a big O And, um, you'll notice sh My teeth are together but just cracked a little bit so some air can pass through Do you see now, like the ch sound you do not touch your tongue to anything in the ch sound Your tongue is not touch but the But then it taps and it touches in the S H sound. You don't tap your tongue anywhere your tongue does not touch or the tip of your tongue does not touch. Just the sides of your tongue touched the insides of your teeth. I hear So your toe goes up like that and touches the insides of your teeth. Sh But the tip of your tongue does not touch anything. Don't let it touch anything, okay? Otherwise, it might sound like th Okay, um, your tongue is just floating. It's a soft sound that you're making. It's a stream of air, which means it continues. Whereas the CH sound is short burst. The S H sound is a long stream. It doesn't stop, right? It's not sharp. Stop. The S H sound is soft and it continues like a stream of air. So practice with me here. Sh I'm just feeling where my teeth are. Okay, Um, this is tough. This is a tough sound for English learners and the sounds that it gets most confused with our like s planus like a C like th and like ch Those are the sounds that English learners often make when they're trying to make s h sound. OK, but those were not the sound you should use again. If you if you use them, then people will know that you're not a native speaker of English. So we're going to work on this s age sound and how you could make it more clear. Okay, so let's do a lot of practice. Are you ready for that? Um, first, we're going to do some minimal pair sets that compare like s h. And like, s let me drink some tea, because I'm going to need to use my voice a lot. So here we go. Um, read along and repeat after me show. So show. So number two sheet seat. Oops. Seat feet. I got my numbers backwards. Number three shower faour shower sour. Number four show. So show fell. Number five ship. I don't know why I'm making that mistake. All right, let's try. Let's try number five again. Ship sip, ship sick. Number six Shack sack shack sack number seven, Shine Sign, Shine. Sign number eight. Uh, sure. I saw Shaw. So number nine shock Fuck shock. Fuck. Number 10. So sell. So so All right. Now let's compare the S H sound with the watch. The difference in my mouth. Sh Okay. Repeat after me. There are only five of them. Number one shoe Zoo shoe. Zoo number two shed said shed Zed number three See Z. See Z number four Shack. Zach Shack Zach. Number five ship zip ship Zip. Now let's go on to the S age versus T H Sounds. This this could be tough because these air too tough sounds. And we've saved these for Thean end here because they're really difficult sounds So let's repeat after me. Number one Sheaf thief. Sheaf thief number two. Sure. Thorn shorn Thorn number three shanks. Thanks, Shanks. Thanks. Number five See? I see. See the Now we're on number five. Uh, shy. Thy shy thigh number six se they se they number seven Share there. Share there. Number eight show, though. Show though, all right. And now this s age and ch sounds. And now these look similar. But remember, S h has a stream of air and ch has a burst of air. Okay, here we know. Repeat after me. Number one shoes choose shoes choose. Do you notice how with shoes it's softer and with choose your tongue pops up and hits your ovular rids appear so it's almost like a sound before this. Okay, so let's do number one again. Shoes choose shoes. Choose number two shop chop shop chop and you're touching your tongue with ch, But not with s age Number three Share chair share chair number four sheep cheap sheep. Cheap number five Shoe to shoe to number six Ship chip ship chip. And remember again, the differences between those two sounds are the flow of air versus the burst of air. And also with FH You're not touching your tongue to the top. Not doing that. But with ch you are, you have It's almost like you start like as a T Sam. So here's tongue starts up there and then you have that first of air toe. Open it up. Okay, so let's do the S H sound 10 times and then we'll be all finished with this lesson, right? Great job with the S H sound 22. Video #22: W and V Sounds: in this lesson, we will compare and contrast the W and V sounds. This is a challenge. It some languages. And so I want to make sure we take the time to address those sounds, especially because we haven't talked about W or what yet. So that's what we'll do in this lesson. So to correctly pronounce the w or what sound? Watch my lips. Okay, so your lips will come together in a small circle like this. Very small circle. Can you do that? What? Then you will make a well, first of all, your teeth do not touch. And your tongue is not touching anything. It's small and in the middle it's not flat. It's just bunched towards the center. Okay, you. So you've started the voice. Now your teeth or not touching your tongue is not touching. And then your lips or in a circle, and you start the voice. Whoa! And then once you start the voice, you open up the circle. What? What? What? What? What? What? Nothing is touching anything. Your lips do not touch your tongue does not touch your teeth. Do not touch nothing touches. Okay, so let's compare that to the V sound, which we learned in a previous video. But now look at the difference between what and V and the first sound in the vast sound. Your teeth touch your lip. There's no circle, right with double you sound what there's a circle with. You're touching your teeth to your lip and there's no circle. Okay, so, uh, let's practice thes W what and sounds. And let's make sure we get these really clear. So repeat after me. We're gonna say each 12 times. Wow. Vow. Wow. Vow way. All Vale whale Fail Number three verse Oh. Started with switched veteran Worth verse. Worse verse number four West Vest west Vest number five, please. These We's these number six. Wet vet, wet vet number seven wine, fine wine. Fine. And number eight Wayne. Vain Wayne Vein. Very good. Not very good. Oh, that would be another good one. Wary. Very wary. Very Okay. Good job, everybody. That was your what? And vote sounds. It was pretty quick because it's a pretty basic sound if you really pay attention and nothing touches no lips, no tongue, no teeth. Nothing touches what? Let's say it 10 times together. What? What, What, What, What, What, What? What? What? Wow. And let's do great job 23. Video #23: All Sounds: this video gives you all the sounds of English. It's the perfect video for practicing these sounds Until you can say them perfectly, You can repeat after me as I say each family sound And then one example word for each sound . We'll start with the fouls and then go on to the confidence. Repeat after me E eight. Yeah. Sit and and ah, apple. Oh, moon uh, book. Uh, son. Oh, bought, uh, operetta. Okay, eight. Oh, toe I I How proud. Boy. Toy Park Town coat fan Sip. Sure. Chicken sigh. Hello, But bark duh down. God! Goat van. Mm. Zip Asia. Jack, Judge these. Mm. Mom. Now what? Wide love. Uh, read? Yeah, Yellow sing. 24. Video #24: Tongue Twisters: it's time to challenge yourself by practicing all of the sounds of English in difficult, twisty tongue twisters. What our tongue twisters, you ask. Well, think about your tongue and think about your tongue twisting. Maybe, like this twist that tongue. What happens is a tongue twister is something that when you say it, it's so difficult that it twists your tongue all together. So it's a It's a slang for a really difficult sentence that makes your tongue tired because it's so hard to say every language has these. Okay, I always ask my students what tongue twisters exist in your language and they come and they'll say, the tongue twisters from their language and it always sounds so shocking to me. So these are going to be shocking. These are single sentences that repeats 12 or three sounds over and over and over and over , so that you have to practice certain individual sounds in a very difficult and fun way. Okay, so the idea here is not to be perfect. Okay, I guarantee you that in this video I will make mistakes with these because they're very, very difficult. OK, so even I will make mistakes I'm a native speaker, and I'm still going to have a hard time, so don't worry. You're not going to be perfect, okay? These are meant to be fun. And they're also meant to help you practice thes sounds. This is, like, advanced level of stuff here, so this is difficult, but this is fun, so really enjoy it. Okay, um, we are going to be doing 15 different tongue twisters and we're going to set. I'm going to say each 13 times The first time I say one. You just listen. Okay on li. Listen, the first time, I will say it slowly, and of course, you can read along, But as you're reading along, just listen the first time. Okay? The second time, we're going to say it together slowly. Okay, so we'll say it the second time. Slowly but together. So you need to say it with me. You won't repeat after me. You'll say it with me. Okay. And the third time, I will say the tongue Twister. I'm going to say it very quickly or as quickly as I can. I can't say all of these too quickly because some of them are so hard. Um, so it'll go first time listening. Second time say slowly and their time. Say it quickly. Boy, these are gonna be fun again. Don't get discouraged if it's not perfect. This, uh, this is meant to be fun together. OK, so the first the 1st 4 are very famous. If you ask any native English speaker, especially from the US I guess because that's my context. If you ask them these different tongue twisters, they will know these because everybody grows up saying these. So these 1st 4 are very famous. So again, the first time you assemble stage 13 times Listen, Say it slow. Say it fast. Okay, here we go. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Okay, second time, let's say this slowly together. Ready? Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Number three Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. Did you get it? But that, but that's maybe the most famous one. Okay, so number to listen on the first time. Ready? How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could Chuck Wood. How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could Chuck wood ready fast. How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could Chuck Wood E. I hope you got it. If not, try it again. You'll get it. You'll get it. Okay. Number four. Here we go. First time Just listen. I scream, You scream. We all scream for ice cream. Say it with me Number two I scream, you scream We all scream for ice cream Here we go. I scream, You scream We all scream for ice cream. Okay, Good job number five. This one's funding, Uh, number five. So just listen, Fuzzy. Was he waas a bear? Fuzzy was he had no hair. Fuzzy was He wasn't fuzzy, was he? Okay, say it with me. Slowly. Fuzzy was He was a bear. Fuzzy was he had no hair. Fuzzy was He wasn't fuzzy, was he? All right, let's say this one work, making myself laugh. Even though I'm all alone right now. I hope you're having fun. All right. We're going to say this one. Quickly, now. Ready? Fuzzy was he was a bear. Fuzzy was he had no hair. Fuzzy was he wasn't Fuzzy, was he? Okay, Number six, listen up. This one's a new one. to me, so bear with me here. I have got a date at quarter to eight. I'll see you at the gate, so don't be late. Say it with me. Now. I have got a date at 1/4 to 8. I'll see you at the gate, so don't be late. All right, let's say it more quickly. Now. I have got a date. 1/4 to 8. I'll see you at the gate, so don't be late. Good. Job number 70 gosh. This one is always hard for me, so I hope you do. Okay. All right. Listen to me. Say this one. You know, New York, you need New York. You know you need unique New York. This one gets very hard for me. Okay, Say it slowly with me. Ready? You know, New York, you need New York. You know you need unique New York. I told you I wouldn't do it perfectly. Ok, now I'm going to try this quickly. Try it with me quickly. Ready? You know, New York, you need New York. You know you need unique New York. Hey, I did it. I hope you got it to. All right. Number eight All right, We're gonna get some good ANC sounds here. Okay? Number eight, listen to it as I say it slowly and you could read along. I saw a kitten eating chicken in the kitchen. Say it with me. I saw a kitten eating chicken in the kitchen. Now, fast. I saw a kitten eating chicken in the kitchen. That's a fun one. I like that one. Okay, Number nine, listen to this one. As I say it. If a dog chews shoes, whose shoes does he choose? All right, say it with me slowly. If a dog chews shoes, whose shoes does he choose? Now, let's say it quickly. If the dog to shoes, who shoes does he choose? Good. Uh, this is also good for the rhythm of language, actually. So you're getting to hear the rhythm that English has. So, at 10 twisters are great. I love practicing these. Okay, this one helps us practice out practice. Okay, This is gonna be a problem. Practice the s sounds and the sounds. I was already getting it wrong, So here we go. Number 10. Let's say it. Listen as I say it slowly. So this is the sushi chef. Say it with me. So this is the sushi chef. Okay, Now let's say it quickly. So this is a sushi chef. Oh, that's tough. I bet if you said it three times in a row, it would get very difficult. Like if you said that sentence three times really fast. That would be tough. Okay, Number 11 listen to me as I say it Slowly. Four fine fresh fish for you. Say it with me. Four fine. Fresh fish for you. Now, fast for fine fresh fish for you. Oh, that's a good F practice, right? Especially for our Mongolian speakers who need some help with f sounds. Um, number 12 0 this one's interesting. Get ready. Um, I'll say it slowly first. So listen. 11 benevolent elephants. Okay, Now say it with me. 11 been elephant elephants. Now, fast 11 Been elephant relevance. Let's say this 13 times 11 been elephant elephants. 11 been element elephants. 11 been element elements. I almost got it. That's good. Some of these air. Great. If you say these three times, which is what we're going to do with number 13 OK, just listen to me. Say it slowly rolling red wagons. Say it with me. Rolling red wagons. Now let's say it three times. Fast rolling, red wagons rolling red wagons rolling red wagons. That stuff. Okay, Number 14. Listen, as I say it slowly, she sees cheese. We're getting our sh sound, our sound and our sound. Oh, and ours is sound. Four really good sounds. Okay, uh, say it with me. She sees cheese. Now let's say it three times Fast. Ready? She sees cheese Sees. No. Try again, Dragon. All right, here we go. She sees cheese. She sees cheese. She sees cheese. Wow, that's really hot. I need to work on that one, OK? Oh, wow. That's a really tough one. Okay, Number 15. Hopefully, this won't go better, but it also has s and s age sounds. So we'll see. I guess that's really difficult for me, huh? Okay. Number. She sees cheese number 15. Listen, as I say this one, we surely shall see the sunshine soon. Now you say it with me. We surely shall see the sunshine sit soon. Oh, man, I don't know if I could do this fast. Let's try it together. Ready? We surely shall see the sunshine soon. Hey, I did it. Look, I surprised myself. Okay? Hopefully these help you. Um Oh, my goodness. These are going to be great. Listen to these again. So many times. Get lots of practice. Tongue twisters are so fun. They give lots of pronunciation practice. And it's taking all those sounds that you've learned, and it's putting them together. It's the perfect activity. So please spend lots of time on this and get better and then impress your friends and show them how quickly you can speak English. 25. Video #25: Key Takeaways: congratulations. You have completed the clear English pronunciation course with me. Andrea Giordano. I am so impressed and proud of the progress that you have made. You have put in countless hours of time working on your English speaking skills. And I am so very honored that you would let me be a part of your journey. You guys do amazing things. Some of you are lawyers. Some of you are doctors. Some of you are students and translators and teachers. And you inspire me. I love being a part of your story. English can help you reach your dreams. It opens doors of opportunities and speaking English clearly can change your life. So I'm so glad that you've decided to put that time into your English speaking skills and let me help you. During this course, I had two goals for us. Number one. My goal was that you could better understand native English speakers. This is a challenging task. It's not easy, but I guarantee you that if you have focused on these videos, if you have done these activities with me, then you can better understand what sounds people are saying and my second goal for us was that you can speak English more clearly. Now here's the test. Do you remember that video that we made on the very first lesson that video where you were meant to say, a paragraph there that started with the quick brown fox? Do you remember that we'll Hopefully you made that video from the first lesson Because today is the day that you make your final lesson. I want you to see how much you have improved. So get out your camera again and follow those steps again. Take a video of yourself saying those sentences you can read it below and then send me both videos. I went to see the before and the after. You can email me those two videos at Andrea at study with Andrea dot com. That's Andrea At study with Andrea dot com, email me your two videos. I want to see the difference and how much you've changed. You're going to be able to notice the difference, and the one thing I want to say before we leave is that language learning is a process. It is a not a nisi process. It takes a lot of hard work, and you have taken some important steps on that journey. But what you need to do now is most important. The most important thing is that you don't stop. Don't stop learning. So the best thing you could do is immediately go back and watch all of those lessons again . Do those activities again? Participate again. I know I've said this so many times, but the more you practice, the more clear your English will be. So if you watch it one time and then you're done, your English will only improve a little bit. It will improve. But not as much is if you watch it again and again and again and again and again and again . The more you practice these sounds, the more you do those tongue twisters at all those activities, the better you will get. This is a course that you could watch and participate with every three months. And every time you would learn something new because your training your tongue to know more and more and to speak English more clearly again, I'm so proud to be a part of your journey. Please let send me those videos. I went to see your progress. I want to know how you enjoyed the class. And if you have any comments or feedback or have questions about anything, you can always reach me at study with Andrea dot com. Also, its study with Andrea dot com you will find other resource is to help you with your English language journey. We have other courses. We have other books. We have all kinds of help to make sure that you can be the clearest English speaker that you want to be. Thanks so much for joining everybody. Happy learning.