Chords 102 : The Minor Chord | Elvire Boelee | Skillshare

Chords 102 : The Minor Chord

Elvire Boelee, Pianist

Chords 102 : The Minor Chord

Elvire Boelee, Pianist

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5 Lessons (23m)
    • 1. Minor Chords Introduction

    • 2. Minor Chords Lesson 1 Chord Structure

    • 3. Minor Chords Lesson 2 Finding & Practicing

    • 4. Minor Chords Lesson 3 Chord Notation

    • 5. Minor Chords Lesson 4 Project

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About This Class

To celebrate reaching a total of 2000 students (Wow thanks so much for you support!), the first 25 students of this newly published course will get a FREE skype piano lesson from me. So not only will you learn to recognize, find and play all minor triads in this course, if you're one of the first you will be getting a private lesson as well :). Hope you enjoy:

In this course I'm going to teach you how to find any minor triad. The minor triad is one of the most used chords in music. Once you know the structure of a minor triad, you can find all the minor triads, because no matter if you're playing G, E, or F minor, the structure of the chords is always the same.

Being able to play chords is a very useful skill, it will help you play almost any pop song easily. The most used chords are the major and minor triads. In this course we're discussing the minor triad.

After watching this course you will be able to find and play all minor triads. I do recommend a minimum of 15 minutes of practice every day. Chords are most useful to you if you don't have to think about them, but if you've practiced them so much that they come natural and easy to you.  

* In this course I sometimes use minor triad and minor chord interchangeably. Mostly when people are talking about a minor chord, they mean a minor triad

Meet Your Teacher

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Elvire Boelee



I started playing piano at the age of 6 and basically I've never stopped. I started winning prizes in competitions at just 11 years old, and at 19 I started studying at the Prins Claus Conservatory in Groningen (the Netherlands). I received my Bachelor degree in Classical Piano, and I've been teaching at the Music School Kunst&Coo (Art&Co) since January 2014. There I'm teaching piano to a little over 30 students of all ages and levels. It's from my students that most of my ideas for my Skillshare courses come. 

I've been drawing since I can remember. After choosing the Conservatory over Art school, art has been a little on hold, but I've recently started up my dream of trying to improve my art skills so that I'm able to depict all the stories and images music gives me.&... See full profile

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1. Minor Chords Introduction: Hi, My name is Sylvia. Would A and I'm a Dutch concert pianist and teacher. In this course, I'm going to talk about the minor courts. I'm going to help you find the minor cores, and I'm going to explain the structure of every single minor court. The structure of every single minor chord is the same. So once you can find one, you can find all you don't need any prior knowledge to. In order to watch this course, However, I did make a course before this called major Court and the major and the minor chords are the most basic and most used chords. If you know all major and minor cores, you'll be able to play almost any pop song. After watching this course, you will be able to find any minor chord on the piano. However, for this course to be truly useful to you, you also have to practice finding and playing the minor courts. Cores will be most useful to you if you don't have to search for them, but if you know them by heart, that's why I would advise that you breakfast at least 15 minutes every single day. I hope you enjoy watching this course. And if you have any questions about minor chords or about any other topic, please don't hesitate to contact me in the first lesson. I'm going to explain the chord structure to you. 2. Minor Chords Lesson 1 Chord Structure: in this course, we're going to explore the minor chord. And when I say minor chord, I mean the minor Schriock, which is the most used minor court. And in order for us to be able to play all minor chords, we first need to take a look at the chord structure. The court structure is always the same for every single minor. Try it and that is why we're going to take a look at it. In order to explore our chord structure of our minor triad, we first need to explore intervals. Inter falls are the given distance between any two keys on the keyboard. For example, this is called Interval. This is called an inter phone. This is called on Interpol. This is called an interval, etcetera. These air, all intervals in Interpol is just the distance between two keys. Now we give the interval specific names and there's a lot of things to learn about Interval . So I will narrow it down in this course on Lee to the interval. The third, which is the interval that we're using to build our minor. Try it now you have two types off thirds. You have the minor third and and you have the major third. What is very important is that all intervals are based on distances, and what I mean by distance is that every single minor third on the key word, no matter where you find it, has a distance of 1.5. What do I mean with 1.5? I mean one on 1/2 tone. Just a little quick review for you. For those of you who don't remember hole in half tones, the whole tone is, for example, the distance between the sea and the deep. How do we know it's a whole tone? Well, there it consists of 2/2 tones. The scene. The C sharp C sharp in the d. So this is a whole tone because it consists of 2/2 terms. That means that the D and the E is also a whole tone, because there's again a black in between. So it consists again of 1/2 tone on top of 1/2 tone, and now we come to the one exception because you might be thinking that all white keys are whole tones. But it's not the case you see between the e and the F. There's actually no black key. And if you do listen, because listening is very important, try toe. Always train your ears to recognize intervals or melodies or anything else. Of course, any ear training is very valuable when you're trying to learn to play the piano. Now try to listen. This'll one sounds exactly the same as this one. Where is the whole tone? Has a bit more of a happy feeling to it, a bit more spacious sounding. And that's of course, because the distance is larger anyway. Even if you don't hear the difference is not at all a problem. All we have to do is look at the distance. There's no black he in between, which means that it's a have toe. Then, of course, we have again all whole tones, as you see, because they have black keys in between. Very easy to remember. And then you come to the second exception off the white key, which is not a whole tone because we see between the B and the sea. There's actually no Blackie, which means the being the sea is again but half tongue. The's exceptions are very important because we're going to see them. We're going to use them to build our minor courts. Now let's get back to the thirds. I was talking about the thirties being the specific interval that we need to learn in order to build our minor triad. Minor triumphs consists of thirds and more specifically, a minor. Triad always consists of one minor third, but it also consists, surprisingly enough, off a major third as well. Now what is very important is the order. The minor third always comes first. If you don't put the minor 3rd 1st I will show you in a minute. What happens? But let's first trying to find our first minor third. What's important to remember is that minor thirds have a distance of 1.5 tone. Our first minor third, we're going to start on the sea. Let's make it easy for ourselves on our first whole tone is going to be the D. Now remember, we need 1.5 tone to make our minor third so half a tone more. We come to the e flat way have one holds own and 1/2 tone. So that is our minor. Whichever third is going to come first in our court is going to set the tone for our cord, which means that if we put a major 3rd 1st you're going to get a major triumph way. Don't want a major tried we want a minor. Try it. So we're gonna put our minor 3rd 1st remember, minor third distance of one on behalf now are minor. Triad consists first of a minor third and after that we're going to put a major third on top. It always surprised me that a minor cord has an actual major third in it. It was seemed always funny to me, but you know it is the case and the opposite is also true. All major chords Major triads consists also of minor thirds, as you will probably remember, if you have which my major triad course. So let's look again. We have our minor third, and now all we need to do is put a major third on top and we will have completed our first minor try. And okay, this one's a little bit more tricky because it does involve the little exception that I was talking about earlier when I was discussing hole and half tones. Eso Let's just start on our e flat because that's where we left off. That's where we have to build our major third from. So remember, for our major third, we're gonna need to whole tone. So are minor. Third is 1.5 tone, and our major third is two tones, So there are no exceptions to this. Every single major or minor third you will find on the keyboard has exactly this distance. Every minor third has a distance of 1.5 tone, and every major third has a distance off two tones. So we left off at R E Flat. We're gonna find two whole tones. I'm gonna take it 1/2 step at a time because I do start on a Blackie. I find it a bit easier for me. So here's 1/2 tone, and here's one more. Half don't remember. That was the exception. There is no black in in between. So the e in the F it is 1/2 tone, so to half tones make a whole tone. We've got our whole tone from the E flat to the F is our whole tone and Now it becomes a little easier because all we have to do is go one whole tone up once more from the F. So that's quite easy, because there's a black team between the F and the G. It's a whole term, so this means thistles are major. Third, as you will probably hear, it does sound a lot more happy. Thin are minor. Third Bond. The reason for that is that it is a bigger distant. The bigger to distance makes a happier interval. And a smaller distance makes a much more sad sounding, which we call minor minor interval. So here is our first triad. You actually, officially No, the C minor chord. Now it is the seeing and the flat and then the flattened energy together ce flash G. That was our longest lesson because this is all it is. This is a minor triad, and this is how we're going to find all minor triumphs on the keyboard. In the next lesson, I'm going to walk you through several minor triads just so you can practice. I'll see you in the next lesson. 3. Minor Chords Lesson 2 Finding & Practicing: Okay, So in this lesson, I'm going to explore a few minor triads using the technique that we've discussed in lesson one. So unless and one we explored hole and half tones of the piano and we explored also the chord structure. Every minor triad consists of a minor 3rd 1st and after that, followed by a major third. Ah, minor. Third on top of a major third makes up our minor. Try it. Now, let's put that into practice. We're going to start exploring our d minor triad. Now, in order to explore a d minor try and we are going to start on the no. D on. We're gonna go a distance off 1.5 tone further. So the first distance pretty easy. We see, uh, Blackie between the D and the eat. So then you know that the dean thing, it's a whole tone. Now, remember, we need 1.5 tone to make up our minor. Try it. So we need half a tone more the e in the f. There's no black team between, which means that the e in the F it's 1/2 distance. It's 1/2 tone. So that means that 1.5 more. It means that this is our minor. Third, remember, are minor try and always consists of a minor 3rd 1st followed by a major third. Now let's try to find our major third. We left off at the F. So that's where we're going to start and we're gonna take it two whole tones up. So this one is actually quite easy. As you see, we're having black keys in between here. Which means our white keys air simply whole tones we go one and one more to the right. That's two whole tones. That's our major third, starting on the D. R minor third, followed by our major third, which means we found our d minor third, that's our D minor third. So let's try a little practice. I want you to find the e minor chord. So pause the video for a second, and after you think you've found it, watch me walk through the E minor court with you. Okay, so remember, first trying to find the minor court yourself before watching this process, we're going to start on our E and find our first distance, which is our minor third now we're minor. Third consists of 1.5 tone. I want you first. In this case, it's the easiest to find 1/2 tone because, as right next to it between the E and F, there are no black keys. This is half a tone. We go half a tone to the right. We already have her half tone, So all we need to do is find our whole tone as well. That one's a little easier because we have between the F energy, we have a Blackie. That means between the F and the G is a whole tone. Put them together. We have our minor third now. I don't know if you noticed and as I mentioned before, training your ears is very important. But every chord has its own particular sound. You see a C minor, very dramatic. This is a accord, a atonality, we call it when it's written in C Minor, which Beethoven, for example, used very often to make very dramatic sounding very beautiful. So Nass's then we have D minor. It doesn't sound as dramatic. It has its own color and then e minor. It sounds again different, you know, and That's the beautiful thing about music. Every chord has its own color, and even though the distances are the same, the cord still have their own kind of particular character. That's why I'm so fond of this technique with distances. Not only is it applicable in pretty much any music theory, you will you will benefits greatly from knowing the intervals from knowing the distances. But also sometimes it's actually difficult to hear. I actually learned all the cords, all the basic chords by ear. But when I came to study at the Conservatory, they showed me this way with distances, which I think is far, far better. So we have our minor third. And then let's take a look at our major third. Remember, every minor chord is a minor third, followed by a major third. I already, uh, already skipped the surprise. I are the I really revealed the ending to you. They're a no matter. Let's walk, walk through, though, just to be sure you got you got it right for the right reasons. Eyes actually pretty easy though we're just because we see all those black keys here in between. We know our our white keys their whole distances. We're going to jump to distances to the right, so one on to thing is our major third. So we have our minor third, followed by your major third, and we have the e minor chord. I'm going to do the same now for F minor, G minor, a minor and B minor. And with all these, I want you to pause the video because I think it really is the best that you try. It might seem really simple the way I presented, but sometimes you run into difficulties or you get confused when you try it yourself. So balls it, write it down or just remember it's and see if you got it correct. We left off with E, so let's do F now if Minor is going to start with a minor third, followed by a major third. So let's look at our distance are minor. Third, we need 1.5. So oneness RG. That's our whole tone. And then half a turn to the right. We get art a flat from the A. Let's find two whole tones who is a bit more tricky. So let's find a halftime. The half tone through the right is the A right over here. That's our half tone than one whole tone. More. We have 1.5 tone now in total, so we need half more to make two whole tones. Half Mawr is the sea over here because, as you see, there's no Blackie in between. That's our major third. So we have our minor third, followed by our major third R F minor azi. You're noticing. I'm walking a bit faster through this because I think you've got the hang of it. However, if you do have any questions, please feel free to contact me. I'll help you out now. We left off with F minor, so let's start G minor. I was always gonna play it. We start off with the G, Then let's get our 1.5 distance 1.5 and from our B flat, let's get our two whole distances, which is 1/2 a half and a whole That went too fast for you. Don't worry, you just ask me any question you like, or just rewatch it from the beginning again. This is something you're going to get the hang off with practice. Let's look at our a minor chord, a distance of 1.5 again. So here's one and here's half so 1.5, then we're going to find our major third. On top of that, the distance of choose a one and two two whole tones stats are a minor chord. A minor chord is actually one of the easiest to remember, because the thing is, I'm showing you how to find the cords now. But the only way they'll be useful to you if you practice them. You actually remember them by memory and not have to search for them will look for them as we're doing now. So are a minor. One was the easiest one. And let's do the last one out together, and then we'll have all off the minor chords, which start on the White Keys. And remember that for a second cause that's gonna come to play in your project. So we're going to find her first minor third, which is here. We have 1/2 tone, so just one tone more to the right. That's our minor third, and then for our major third, we're going to find two whole tones. It's this one whole tone. This is just 1/2 tone, so we need 1/2 turn more up. That is our minor theme. Minor chord. Okay, so before I go to your project section, let's take a quick look in the next lesson as two notations off courts. 4. Minor Chords Lesson 3 Chord Notation: hi. And welcome to this lesson in this lesson. We're going to take a look. Good core notations I have here in front of me, the chorus of all of me. And that is a song that's still very popular with my students. A lot of them want to play it. And actually, if you know courts, it is pretty easy. As you see, um, we have two different notations here. Of course, we have just a simple letter, for example, the three and then we have the letters with em behind it, so we hav e m and A em. So what you have to know is that all the single letters with Onley, uh, only the letter itself. Like, for example, the G is a major court, and the letters with would have the m behind it the small and are minor chords. So whenever you see a small M behind a letter, that's going to be a minor chord, which means that if I play um, the chorus, we have the G major port. So if you did see my major chord course, you will be able to follow along with the major course, And if you practice them already, you'll be able to play them as well. So just for those of you who haven't watched the major chord course, all you have to do in order to find a major triad, a major chord switched the order off. The thirds we get a a major 3rd 1st So a distance of two whole tones, 12 on, then follow it up with a minor third. So that's 1/2 tone, and this is a whole tone. So this is our Jeanne major. So once again, if you didn't see my major chord course, I would suggest that you check it out so that you can play both major and minor cores. If you were able to pay major and minor chords, you we pretty much able to play any pops on. So if I play the course that are here the way they're notated, we have just a single G, which means we're gonna pay the G major war. Then we have the e followed line em, which is a notation for a minor chord, which is on if you want, just play with your left hand, just play either the no to tell the active or pay a single way. Then we have The next court we see is an A follow mine m which means it is minor as well. So that is the A minor chords we're gonna play. I'm going play an active in a active in my left hand on the a minor chord in my right hand Then we have the next letter we see is just a single D which means it's major you we have a major or the major Then we have our G, which is major again because there's no m next to it. So it's major core, have g major. Then we have the next chord we have is evil line em which means minor you minor followed by a M which is a minor on followed by d again. So I think you're getting the hang of the notation. Any leisure that this single is going to be a major chord and any better that is followed by a small M is going to be a minor court in the next s. And I'm going to talk about your project 5. Minor Chords Lesson 4 Project: in business. And I'm gonna talk to you about your project because I love for you to put what you've learned from this course into practice. That's the way you'll learn best. Now you might see that I have shown you all minor court, but that's not true. I deliberated. Skipped all the minor chords that start Aleki. So I want you to find in any of those and either make a video or just make a picture of yourself playing the cord. For example, I'll show you just one, but I can't show anymore because you need to find them by herself. I will show you, for example, Let's find B flat Minor. We start on the beat less right. Then we try to find our minor third. Yeah, we need a distance of 1.5 is a tricky one home. I'll give that. That's our mind. And then we need to find her major third, which is a distance off to hold on. So this is art B flat minor, and you can either make a video and I would, you know, play the cord with one hand. Either You're right. Henry left 10 to make a video with the other one to show it from above. Or you can make a picture of a video or picture. Or if you want, you can write the notes down on a piece of music paper. I will person to check your project. And I will give you any comments or corrections if you need them. So that was it for my course. I'm hoping you enjoyed it. In the next course about cords, I'm gonna talk about inversions. And after you learned about the virgins and after you practice them, you will really be able to pay any pulse on you like Thank you so much for watching.