Chinese Beginner 1 | Winkie Wong | Skillshare

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Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

83 Lessons (6h 29m)
    • 1. Intro beginner 1

    • 2. 1.1 Pinyin Introduction & Initial b p m f

    • 3. 1.2 Initial y & w

    • 4. 1.3 Initial d t n l g h

    • 5. 1.4 Initial z c s zh ch sh r j q x

    • 6. 1.5 Final a o i e u ü

    • 7. 1.6 Final ei ou ia ie iu ao iao ai uai

    • 8. 1.7 Final an ang iang en eng in ing ong iong un uan uang ueng

    • 9. 1.8 Final ian üe üan ün er

    • 10. 1.9 the 4 Tones & no Tone

    • 11. 1.10 Overview of a full Pinyin

    • 12. 1.11 Pinyin Rules

    • 13. 2.1 Form a Sentence!

    • 14. 2.2 How are You?

    • 15. 2.3 He, She, It, They & Possessive

    • 16. 3.1 Greeting

    • 17. 3.2 Thank You

    • 18. 3.3 Grammar: Tenses & 'Can'

    • 19. 3.4 Additional Verbs

    • 20. 4.1 General Phrases

    • 21. 4.2 What's your name?

    • 22. 4.3 Where are you from?

    • 23. 4.4 Introducing People

    • 24. Speaking Practice Lesson 1-4

    • 25. 5.1 Who is he?

    • 26. 5.2 Meeting People

    • 27. 5.3 People

    • 28. 5.4 New way to form binary question!

    • 29. 6.1 Count 0-10

    • 30. 6.2 Numbers 11-99

    • 31. 6.3 Numbers 100-10,000

    • 32. 6.4 Big Numbers

    • 33. 7.1 Measure Terms, Months & Weeks

    • 34. 7.2 Years & Days

    • 35. 7.3 Time

    • 36. 7.4 Ask Questions: time & date

    • 37. 8.1 Essential Grammar Talk

    • 38. 8.2 Daily Life

    • 39. 8.3 How much & How many

    • 40. 8.4 Say 'ish' & new measure term

    • 41. 8.5 Chapter Overall

    • 42. Speaking Practice Lesson 5-8

    • 43. 9.1 Say 'Speak & Write' Chinese

    • 44. 9.2 Chinese Food

    • 45. 9.3 Grammar Revision

    • 46. 9.4 Family Members

    • 47. 10.1 School

    • 48. 10.2 Classmate

    • 49. 11.1 Want / Think / Miss

    • 50. 11.2 Buying

    • 51. 12.1 Direction

    • 52. 12.2 On top, Under

    • 53. 12.3 Where do you work?

    • 54. 12.4 What's your job?

    • 55. 13.1 Left, Right, Front, Back

    • 56. 13.2 There is...

    • 57. 13.3 Comprehensive Directions

    • 58. 13.4 New 'can / able to'

    • 59. 14.1 Time - before / ago & after

    • 60. 14.2 How long you're staying?

    • 61. 15.1 Revision I - 多duō,怎么zěnme,的de

    • 62. 15.2 Revision II - 想xiǎng

    • 63. 15.3 Revision III - 很hěn,不是很bú shì hěn,不太bútài

    • 64. 15.4 New info for old words

    • 65. Speaking Practice Lesson 9-15

    • 66. 16.1 How's the weather?

    • 67. 16.2 How's your health?

    • 68. 16.3 It's raining!

    • 69. 17.1 Negation Words17

    • 70. 17.2 Learning

    • 71. 17.3 I Like...

    • 72. 17.4 Making phone calls

    • 73. 18.1 Buying apples

    • 74. 18.2 Did you see him?

    • 75. 18.3 She bought many clothes!

    • 76. 19.1 Take the taxi

    • 77. 19.2 Take the flight

    • 78. 19.3 University Schoolmates

    • 79. 20.1 Preparing you to Next Level l - 见(jiàn), 见面(jiànmiàn), 一/有点儿(yì / yǒu diǎnr), 多(duō), 少(shǎo)

    • 80. 20.2 Preparing you to Next Level II - 没/有 (méi/yǒu), 好啊 (hǎo a)

    • 81. 20.3 Preparing you to Next Level III - 怎么了(zěnmele),这么(zhènme),那么(nàme),些(xiē),早(zǎo),晚(wǎn)

    • 82. 20.4 Preparing you to Next Level IV - New Use of Old Words

    • 83. Speaking Practice Lesson 16-20

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About This Class

“Chinese Beginner 1 Course”, is tailored for non Chinese speakers to learn Chinese, starting from a complete beginner level. Composed of 20 lessons / 78 videos (6 hrs in total), this course will move you beyond Chinese level 1

In each lesson, there’s a set downloadable lecture notes, which covers completely the lesson’s content, and a set of exercises will be provided. Regarding the exercises, they’re in various formats, such as ‘fill in the blanks’, ‘matching the sentences within a conversation’, translation...etc. Moreover, Chinese character practices will be attached, which helps you to learn writing, reading and recognising characters, despite speaking and listening. 

Lesson videos are designed in a fun and engaging way, which over 90% of the content is animated. It aims to provokes your interests, while allowing you to learn enjoyably and effectively.

What you'll gain from the course?

- Reach beyond HSK 1 level

- Learn over 250 vocabulary

- Essential grammar

- be able to hold a basic conversation

What's included in each lesson?

- a set of lecture notes

- a set of lesson vocabulary list, exercises & Chinese characters practice

How's the course designed?

- 20 lessons, with 78 sessions (6 hours in total)

Who is the target audience?

- Absolute beginner

- Beginner level

Meet Your Teacher

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Winkie Wong

Chinese Instructor-ChineseQQ


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1. Intro beginner 1: Hello guys, welcome to the introduction of Chinese beginner one online course. My name is winking, and I will be teaching you through this course. So very happy to see you here. Let's start by having a little knowledge about me. I'm a Chinese speaker and I am based in London where I provide on-site or Skype lessons there. I'm passionate and experienced in teaching Chinese as a foreign language. Because of that, I decided to start this online course so that other people from other countries can also learn with me. Now let's see what you are going to achieve in this course. Firstly, the courses assigned to lead you from a complete beginner to entry beginner level. Within that, you will learn over 250 vocabulary. And importantly, you will learn some essential grammar. If you follow learning structure closely. By the end of the course, you are expected to not only to form some simple sentence, but to literally hold a basic conversation. And finally, I'm here. Cheer, prepare you to reach beyond upper beginner level. Great, So now let's have a feel of how we teach. In case you don't know, 90 percent of her lesson content is animated. As we believe. It is a fun and more engaging way to help you memorize words more easily. Even the dialogues are animated too. Just like that. I'm very tired. Second, to be more effective, we believe are efficient and practices are necessary. So in the lesson package will include a complete set of lesson notes, exercises, and elicit vocabulary. Moreover, from each lesson will include an online interactive study set that would contain a set of flashcards and also some fun games. In addition, if there are songs found from YouTube that's related to our topic, they will be attached to you. So if you are a complete beginner or you possess minimal Chinese knowledge, you would totally be the right people for our Chinese beginner one course. If you're interested in this course, just sign up and I look forward to seeing you all in class. 2. 1.1 Pinyin Introduction & Initial b p m f: Before we start with learning any new words or phrases, we have to learn pinion, the first thing. So what is pinion and why is it so important? So what is a Kenyan 10-year is an official system. Use incentive Chinese. It helps you to pronounce a Chinese character correctly. Because by just looking at the character, you may not know how to say it, right? Also, it helps you to type in Chinese, which is very convenient. For opinion. It includes three things. First, initial consonant, second, a final syllable, and finally a town. And say we will talk about initial consonants. Let me explain to you what is initial consonant and what is final syllable. Given the English word, rise our ICE. While we start by saying which letter would be initial consonant. However, because we end with saying I, therefore, I see will be the final syllable. Is that clear enough? But mind you, every Chinese character has a tone for itself. And in this series, we will be learning all of the initial consonant, final syllables, and tones in Chinese. In this way, you will be able to pronounce every Chinese characters that exist. Before we start, please note that the initial and the final that we are saying will last for a bit of time and it's maintained at the same pitch. And in this lesson, we will focus on four initial syllables, including b, t, M, and F. Our first initial with the initial BI. How to say it? Imagine you're saying English word, ball, bat without the r sound at the end. So we start by saying, but it would be our second initial with the initial p. How she say it. Imagine juries saying English word poor without the code. So we start by sound. It would be. Now, let's learn RF. Third initial, which is initial. For initial EME. Imagine you're saying English words more, but without the sound again. So we will start by say. So it would be more. Now let's move on to the next initial. It would be initial F. Again, imagine you're saying English word for, but without the code. Now this time we will start by saying it would be four. 3. 1.2 Initial y & w: The initial would be initial y. It is not the same as B, P, and F, which is four, more, four anymore. It would sound like something when you pronounce y e in English. So it would be E. Now, let's move on to the next initial, which is initial value, TCA, initial year. It would sound like when you pronounce English w 00 to gather, which would be. 4. 1.3 Initial d t n l g h: Let's start with initial D. How to say it? Imagines you're saying English word. But you start by using letters. Ds does drop. So it would be. Now we are going to learn initial t. Again. Imagine you are saying English word, but you start by using English letter teeth to sound. So initial t with B. Now, let's move on to initial. For initial n. Again, imagine you're trying to say English word. But you start with letter. No, no. So it would be next initial, initial, initial l. Again, imagine you're trying to say English word. But this time you start by using letter sound. So it would be the next initial would be initial G. Again, you can imagine you're trying to say English word. But you start with using liturgies, good sound. So it would be the next initial, the initial k. So for k, Again, imagine you're trying to say English word. But you start by saying English letter k sound. So it would be the final initial for this group with the initial Heydrich. For initial h. Again, when you trying to say English word. This time, we will start by using letter sound. So it would be. 5. 1.4 Initial z c s zh ch sh r j q x: The first initial for this query would be initial xhat. To say it, imagine you are singing English word pizza, but emphasize on sound. Use the sound to last it to make it the next initial with the initial C. Remember, the sound for initial C has no relation to any of the English. See, sad to say it, right? Imagine you are an English word, guests, but only use the last sound, dusts sound, and then last it to make it. So the next initial would be initial as to say it, imagine USA English word, silly, that you only use the first part, which is foo. And then last it to make it. This time, we would learn initial z, h to say initial Zai. Imagine your say English word Jerry. But this time, just use the first part of the word, which is next, we will learn in the HSL CH to say initial si hay. Imagine you are saying English word cherry. But this time, just use the first part, first sound of the word, which is Sure. Sure. Now let's move on to learn initial S-H, to say initial SH. Again, pretty similarly, imagine you're trying to say English word sherry, but you only use the first heart or first sound of the word. So it would be finally, the last initial for this group would be initial are. To say initial are. Similarly, we can use English word really this time, but we only use the very, very initial sound of this word, which is the first initial for this group with the initial J. To say it, right? Please follow my two easy steps. First step, pronounce G, E, E in English for a rule, which is G. G. Yes. Now let's try the second step, which is to say this word without your lips touting or without your lipstick out. So it is not g anymore. It would be C. So now let's practice together. The second initial would be initial key, you have to say is, it's pretty similar to how to say initial J. So we have two steps here. The first step, please pronounce C, H, E together in English, which is yes. Now let's try the second step, which is to say this word without your lips pouting or without your lips taking out, which is C. So now let's practice together. Now let's learn our final, final initial, which is initial eggs. To say it, it is just really similar to English word S, E, E, which is c. But my dad to say this initial, it would sound more delicate. And instead of having your teeth clenched to each other, there should be an airline in between the upper part and the lower part of her teeth. So h would be see. 6. 1.5 Final a o i e u ü: Hello everybody. We have finished learning. Now let's look at reminder that for every initial and final, they would last for a bit of time and maintain the final with the final. To say it. Let's take the failed for English word arm. Remember to say it. You have to widen your mouth. So it is. The second final would be o. To say it, Let's take the sound from the English words or age. Remember you have to route your mouth shape. So it is the next final would be final e, the sound a final E. So a little bit interesting. How would you react when you see something disgusting? You may say. So that's a sound for a final E. It is. Next final is final. I. For final I. Fit is exactly the same as initial y, which you can pronounce y, e together. It is. Next, we will learn final you. For the final you, the sound of it is also exactly the same as initial value, which you can pronounce W 0, 0, which is. Now let's look at the last final in this group. It looks like you with two dots above. So how do we say it? Imagine you, I say English word. You, bad with a flatter centered cell is e. E. 7. 1.6 Final ei ou ia ie iu ao iao ai uai: Here is how we can predict some of the remaining, though not all of them, work some of them out. Now let's try to learn the final EI. This is the one that we can work it out. How let's try for final e sounds as well. Final I sounds as E. Now, let's combine them together. Ie, a, a satellite where say English letter a. The next final is finite. Now again, let's try to dissect them. For finer 0, it would sound as all while for you with sound as. Let's combine them together. Oh, like we are say English letter O. O. Now let's try another finals, which is IAEA. For final, I would say as E. While finally, we would say, let's try to combine them together. Yeah. Yeah. It's just like when you're saying English, why? Yeah. Let's come to final IE. For this one. It is not the same as how we did. This time. We would say final I as E. But for final E, We don't say. But I will tell you why in the next module. But this term we have to use E and combines them together. Which is, it is like when you were saying in English. Now let's try the final i u for you as final I, which sailed as while funnel you with sale jazz. Now let's combine them together. The next final would be final A0. How do we say it? Let's try to save final a. We would say for finer 0 is 0. Let's combine them together. All it just like when you say English, O, W, L, the word. This time we will learn final i, ao. With the final I before the row that we just learned as final, I will sell it as ao we just said it is. Let's combine. Yeah. Oh, yeah. Oh, yeah. Oh, moving next. It is fine. No, AI. Let's try to pronounce that. For finally, we would say and I, we would say combines them together. It's just like when you say English letter I. As we just learned. Let's learn finally. With you before ai, how would that sound? Final you is while AI we say. So now let's combine. It is like when you say English letter Y, the next one would be final UA. Now again, let's try to combine. Fine. No, you would be wild final is. And why? Is it just plain English when you are expressed in what? W? Next final, final you owe. Now, can you guess while final you is the final row is all. All. It is just like when you're say English word war without the sound. Now this would be a last final for this group, which is final, you, I. Now again, let's try to combine for final you it is. And finally, i e. E, we went with it. It's just like when you say English word w0. 8. 1.7 Final an ang iang en eng in ing ong iong un uan uang ueng: Let's try to learn final AN. While for a, we would say this time, we don't say for n, we just put n sound at the end after. Ah, so it is, it would just sound similar to English AN, but we say it with a wider mouth. Now, let's try to say final. Angie. The difference between e and g and n is that ENG, we have the code. So let's try it. An is Wile, E and G, we say sage as digit here to NGSS. As we know how to say Fido and g. Now let's try to say final PNG. Again with the final I in front, which we say as while ANG as. Let's combine them together. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Now let's try another final which is E. For final E, we say it as we put the end after it, which is, this is actually pretty similar to English un, right? As we have learned final e n. Now let's try to learn final E N, G. With n g sound at the end. When final E, n is E and G would become, in an English term. It would just like when you are picking the U, G from the word loan LU mg. Now let's try final. I am for final. I, we say it as now, let's put the inside after it. It would become. It is pretty similar to English. But we say it with a flatter tone. Now that we have learned spinel, Let's try to say final ING. We simply put the end. She sewed into it, as is with the NG sound at the end, we would say, here is the friends. In the English term. It is just like when you are saying I and G in English, but with a flatter tone. Final OMG. I'll tell you how to say it. It is like when you're say English word only. But with that the LY sowed. So it is now that we have learned final OMG. What about final ING? This term become predicted by puts into AI in front of 0. As we say final I as and O and G as. That's combines them together. Now, let's learn final UN. As for final you, we say it as now we just have to put the n sound after it, which would become in English term. It is a bit similar to when we are using the wooden part from the word window. Now, let's learn how to say final UAN. As final you with sound as we just learned set. And we have to say this term. We can combine them together, which is so now what about fun or ANG? We simply add the NG sound to find n. Now let's try it as UAN is. Why you would be wow, wow. Wow. Now let's try to learn how to say final u, e, and g. Again as final you is. While we say E and G. Now let's try to convince them together. 9. 1.8 Final ian üe üan ün er: Now let's learn. I, i, and for this time we are not using the one that we learned. But you think English battle AN which is n. So let's combine them together. And yen, yen. In an English perspective, it's just like when we are pronouncing Y together. Now let's learn how to say final. You with two dots, letter E. While you do the dots, we would say. But then this time for letter e, We don't use the final e sound, which is but English vowel ee sound, which is a. That's why we have to combine them together to form. So now let's look at final you with two dots that are N. For final you with two dots, we would say it as. And again, this time we would not use n as the final AN sound which is on, but the English vowel which is. And. Now, let's try to combine them together. And you then un, un. Now let's move on to the next final, which is u with t dot plus n. Similar to before, we would say the final you with two dots first, which is and then we would add n sound at the end. It would become. Finally, let's learn how to say final EIR. To say it is very simple. It would just be fairly similar to how we say English, ER, which is. 10. 1.9 the 4 Tones & no Tone: Hello, This would be the last module for our opinion session. It is about tones. In Chinese. We would have four main tones and one no tone. Let's start by looking at this table. It tells you how to produce the tones. For the first tone. We start by saying as a relatively high-pitched and maintain for some time. I'll give you an example. In English term, it's like when you were saying English. So you're like acetone In Chinese term. Let's get the example of initial B, which is four. We would say it as for the term log of first tone appearing on the pinion, it's just like a horizontal line. That's because that's how we say it. For a second tone. You can see from table, it start at a lower pitch, that first tone, but go up integrity with way because it's just like when you're saying, well, in a question way. Well, well, in Chinese term, let's take an example of initial B again. For four. Well, for, for the tone mark of second tone appearing on the opinion, it is second line going up because it's a rising tone starting from a relatively lower pitch and going up in time. Now for third tone, according to table, we can see that we have to drop the sale to really low point and then it will slightly go up again at the end. Now let's use the English word really that we drop it and then go up again to try to experience that. Really, really. Let's take an example of initial B again to try. Or boar. Boar really bore. Therefore the term mark a third tone appearing on the pinion would look like a line going down and then up. Finally we have moved to the fourth tone. How do we say it? According to the table, we start with a very high pitch and go all the way down in a short time. Now, let's use the English word what? With an exclamation. As a trial. We say what? What? Yeah, go all the way down in the short time. Now we tend to see initial B as a practice. So it would be bool. Bool. What? Therefore the TO mark a fourth tone appearing on the pinion with just like a line going from left to right, all the way down. Apart from all these four towns, we have an additional one which is called no tone. With that said, there would be notes homolog appearing on the pinion. But how do we say it? We say it as a very short way with no town. Given the example of initial B, we would just say as well. We'll bull. 11. 1.10 Overview of a full Pinyin: In this lesson, we are going to see how a full opinion looks like and how to pronounce them. Basically, a normal pinion would include one initial, one final, and a town. Now let's look at the first one. It has the initial and final a, which is ball. And now let's try to combine them together. It is noticed the term leg above the final is 40, which makes it cool. Let's look at the second example. Inferences initial G and the final E, which are good. And so let's combine them together. It is noticed Tom, Mark is first town. So they will remain the same way. Which is good. For the final example, the initial is M, which is more while the final is EI. This, remember how we say it? It's a. Let's try to combine them together more. May, while it is, notice it is a fourth tone. So we will have to say. So now it's your turn to practice. How are you going to say then? It's yeah. Yeah. How about this? I'll see you next time. 12. 1.11 Pinyin Rules: In this video, we are going to see the role for Kenyan and more information about them. First, it is essential to toe mug is placed about final. However, when it happens that i and u are linked together, the total mark is always placed about the letter one. Given example, initial I plus final IU with second tone. The opinion would look like this, which you can see the tomograms place above you, because it's a letter one among IU. Let's see another example. Initialization plus final UI with fourth tone. The opinion would look like this, which he could see the hallmark is marked about AI. That's because i is a letter one among UI. Now let's look at the second rule. You may ask, what if there are two or more letters in the finals? Where should I place a tomogram? So here I'm going to tell you the priority sequence would go according to your final a, and then 0, and then e, and then I or u. And finally the year with two dots. Let's start with an example. Initial B plus final AI would second tone. Its opinion would look like this with the tone mark about a. That's because a is ranked higher than I in sequence. Another example, initial J plus sign IE with third tone. The opinion would therefore look like this with the TO mark above E. That's again, because E is plays in a higher priority than I in the sequence. Now let's move to talk about Sino U. For any final that start with, for example, you un. When it is linked with initial J, Q, x, or y, the two dots above, you would naturally be eliminated. Given an example, initial J plus final year with a fourth tone, the pinion would look like this, which the two dots above you is eliminated, it's gone. However, when we pronounce it, was still pretend the two dots are still there. See another example, initial J plus finally, with the first tone, the pinion would look like this, which the two dots above are gone. But again, we still pronounce it as if the two dots where they're moving on, let's talk about final. And initial z, cs, CAH, has SEC, are these seven initials are pretty special because when it is linked with final I, forming Zai, Ci, Hess I, Senate, I seek I as I RI. The final, I would lose a sound pronounced as yi. And the seven words would be interestingly pronounced same as their initials. For example. With first tone, we say. So please remember, don't say. See that a lot of people would do. Pronounce it as. Another example, as h i with third tone. We say, again, remember don't pronounce it as she say. 13. 2.1 Form a Sentence!: Today we will learn a couple of new words. The first word is I or me. From the opinion, it is formed by initial and final O with third tone. To pronounce it, we will start by saying the initial W and final O and combine it with a third tone, which is wall. Wall. Wall, wall. The next word is you. To pronounce it, we will start by saying the initial and final I as ends. Combine them with a third tone, which is me, me, me. Now repeat after me, me, me. The next word is have or has. To pronounce it. We will start by saying the initial y as final, OU as o, and combine them with a third tone, which is yo. Yo. Yo. Repeat after me. Yo, yo. The next word is N. To pronounce it, we would start by saying the initial stage as final E As combines them with a second tone. It is. Now repeat after me. Next word is dead or father. It is formed by doubling characters. To pronounce it, we will start by saying the initial B as ball, and finally a as with a fourth tone, which is as a second character would be no tone, which is back to whole word is. Now repeat after me. Next is mom or mother. It is also formed by sibling characters. To pronounce it, we will start by saying the initial m, mall and spinal, a first stone, which is while the second character is no tone, which is therefore the whole word is. Now repeat after me. Before we start moving on, I would like to let you know some notes. The first thing is, some words need two or more characters to form a word or meaning. It is just like English, eyes and cream becoming ice cream. The second notice, most of the second character from a word with doubling characters would have no tone. And the word Mom and Dad, Mama, are a good example for that. Here, I'm going to tell you an important note. When two characters of third tone or a stick together, the first character would change to a second tone. This is a way to avoid having 2 third tones together, which takes a lot of effort. For example, for the word I or me, it has wall, which is a third tone. If we were to repeat it, we say war, war. That's a little bit too time-consuming or too much effort. Therefore, let me explain one more time. When two characters are third toe, just like that. When we say it, we would say the first one as second tone, while the second one will still remain as third tone. Let's go practice with some examples. For the sentence. I have father and mother. How are we going to say it? For I it is wall and have it your father. And mother is. Therefore, originally we would say, wow, your bag ban. However, in reminder that when two characters are third tones stick together, the first one, we'll change the second tone. Therefore, war would not sound this way anymore. We would change the first one, the second tone to make it your therefore it whole sentence would be next practice is you have father, YOU is, me, have, is, your father, is. And mine that when two characters, third tone, the first one, we change the second tone. Therefore, you have it's not me. Yeah, oh, we should say Neil. And whole sentence would be nice. So now it is your turn to have a try. It's practice time. The question is, mom has me and shew. How are you going to say that in Chinese? I check the answer. Originally. It would be yo. So because of total role, the correct way would be yo yo yo. 14. 2.2 How are You?: So now let's start with our first new word, which is, well, good, fine, nice. In English and in Chinese, we can pronounce it as with third tone. Ha, ha, ha. Ha. How? As we learned, you is me. And go is how. Therefore, how would you get, which is also helps me, ha, ha, ha, ha. Now we'll soon see the following dialogue. Hello. Hello. Now let's learn a couple of new words again. The first is very or so, which is here with dark tone. So it is pronounced as the next one. This also to pronounce it, do you still remember how we say final IE? We say it as yay. While for this word, the initial y is the same sound as I from IE. So this word will be pronounced as with dark tone, which is yay, yay, yay, yay, yay. So how do we use? Yeah. Yeah, is always after a subject. So basically, it means that you cannot start a sentence with you, without anything before it. The next word is all are both. To pronounce it, we start by saying plus 0 with first tone, which is. So how do we use those similarities? We use though after a subject. For example, all of us. The Chinese way, we have to say, we do another example. Then. In Chinese we say they, though. This word is or then is formed by two characters. The first one we pronounced with first row. The second character, more with no tone meant. So together they would be men. For an export. Let's learn how to say it first. To pronounce it, it has the plus with no tone, which is so what's the meaning of the? Well, it doesn't really have any meaning, but it is very important word because first, it act as a possessive word and second, it would become a supportive word in the sentence. While today we are going to focus using the as possessive word. Let's have a deeper look of how to use it. We would put after a subject. This is a way to suggest that the excessiveness of subjects, what does that mean? Example, wat means I is recessive. What? This would mean? My ore mine. Let's see another example. Mama. Mama. Mom, the possessive word. So together it means moms. The next one. Let's again learn how to say it first. It is pronounced as more plus with no tone. So it has. So what's the meaning of it is an expression wood which is used to form question. And we'll have a look very soon. Ma, ma, ma, ma. And how do we use MA? You would always say the statement at the end to make it a binary question. Example, if you say you want an apple, which is the statement, plasma, that would make it, do you want an apple? One more example. You often swim plus would make it the question As in, do you often swim? Moving on to the next word, it will be another expression, wet. But this time it could be used for both statements and questions. And another function of this character would be to form bound spec question. Let's learn how to say it. We start with initial, num plus final with no TO, no, no, no, no, no. Today we are going to learn how to use NAD to form bounce-back question. Let's go to do so. You would start with saying a thing, anything first, plus null at the end, which we form question as in, what about that thing? Let's see some examples. That an expression for bounce-back question would make it, what about dad? So how about if we say tomorrow? No. It would mean what about tomorrow? Quite straightforward, isn't it? Anyhow, How are you? I'm very fine. How about you? Well, yes. And I'm also very good. Either or both your mom and dad. Fine. Tamil. Yet though both of them are also very good. Now, we are going to explain and dissect everything from the previous dialogue to you. Let's start with seeing the line ni hao ma. A reminder. When you say a statement plus the man, it would make it a binary question. So ni, which is you ha, good plasma? Is you good man? Making it? The question, are you good? Which generally means, how are you? Now let's look at the dialogue. War, hip hop. Let's look at the first phrase. Both three characters or a third tone. Walk. Ha, ha, a reminder, when two characters linked together, our third tone, the first one would change his second tone. This is to avoid two consecutive third tones appearing, which would take up too much effort when saying. Let's see how we can change the tone. First trial, if we see the first few characters as a pair and change to first 12, second tone. That would make it second tone, third tone, third tone. However, this would not be a gateway because there are still two characters which are third tone linking together. Okay, Let's try another way. We would pair the last few characters this time and change the first character to second tone, which would then make it third tone, second tone, third tone. Now this would be a good way because there are no consecutive third tones linking together. So we would say Hua Hen law for the next year. What do you still remember? What does that mean? Okay. Reminding you a thing, plus singer would make it a bounce-back question as in, what about that thing? Therefore, naturally neat now would become, what about you? Let's see another dialogue. I'm also very good. Wall yet. Hall. There are four tones in the row. How are we going to deal with it? This time, we'll look at Pitt, the first few characters as a pair and the last few characters as a pair. And then we would change the first character in each pair, 2's second town, which would make it second tone, third tone, second tone, the tone. In that case, there would be no consecutive third tones together. So we would say y. Yeah, ha, okay, let's have a deeper look of this line. Y. For yes, we have said it would be put after subject. Therefore, warrior would make it. I am also very good. Next line, need the baba mama, though. We have said when a subject plus Ada, it would suggest that possessiveness of the subjects. So in this case, that would mean your for the word though, the baba mama though Hotmail. It means all or both. But much like in English, you can start the sentence with all or bot, blah-blah-blah. But in Chinese, all or both, which is though has CVI place after subjects. Talmud. Yet though. Yeah, is also, though, is all or both. When these two words are placed together in a sentence, yet has to be placed before though. Remember it. 15. 2.3 He, She, It, They & Possessive: In this lesson, we will cover how to use the word men and also we will learn some new words, including he, she, it, and different Chinese day. Great. Let's start with some revision. Is I or me. Is you have from the word is. Now, let's learn another 10, which is x0. And then there it comes another tag, which is it for a living object such as Doug. Oops. There is also another term, which is it. But this time it's for a dead object such as table omega i. How come there are so many tasks for he, she, and it. So now let's talk about the four he first. In fact, different tests have different looking in terms of the characters for the word he can, which the left-hand side bit looks like a walking human. It actually is referring to humans. Now, let's look at the tab for she looked at the left-hand side for the character. The set look like a woman? Yes. That's why it implies tan as sheet for the term referring to it for living. Object from the left-hand side bit doesn't look like a cow with high. Therefore, it explains why this would be it, but only for a living object. And finally, let's look at the tag for it as dead object. It doesn't really have much to explain. But you can imagine the character looks like it's quite flat at the top. So it looks like a table, isn't it? Therefore, this tag, we'd go for it, but with dead object. Let's introduce this men. Actually you have met it before. It is the men from Pam men, which is stay or them. It is placed after the subject to make it plural forms. Therefore, as war is I or me, Walkman is we as men. And for me, it is you. So Neiman is u, but this time it's in plural forms. So there is more than one of you. Now let's take a look of this tab. This path has a human bid on the left-hand side. So this is a he pan. But together they would mean they or them. This would include Sioux men or more. However, for a group of mixed gender people, this also applies to them because they also needs a term right? Now let's take a look at this tab. This tab has a woman bit on the left-hand side. So together with mean, they are then, however, it only refers to two or more women. Can you tell me what is this path? Yes. This is the IT for a living object. So when we mean they or them, however, it only refers to living object. So finally, what the system, this means h, but only for dead objects. So together what mean they or them? But it only refers to dead objects. Next part, we are going to see more applications about. As said, we will start by saying the subject followed by the, which would indicate to possessiveness of the subjects. So with the subjects that we learned, let's see how we can use it with. Let's go. Is my mind. Now that is your or your voice. With the heat is his or his and where the sheet is her or hers. This path is that it would living object. So is it, or it's by referring to living objects. This is it for dead objects. So is it, or is that referring to dead objects? What about using the width plural subjects. Why man? Hours or hours? Your or yours? Which is referring to plural. Whether he tagged, it means there or there's, but it only refers to men or a group of people with mixed gender. What about time and with the female tag? This would mean there or there's but only referred to women. Now can you guess the with the living object path? It means there are, there's again, but only refers to a living object. Finally, what is Pam? And with a dead object, it means there are, there's now this time it his referring to dead objects. Finally, there are some notes for you for the character that sometimes we can omit it if we want to speak faster, because we would still be able to understand the meaning of sentence without using the character. So for example, from the dialogue from last video, neither Bob Haldeman, we can actually simply say baba mama instead of Nida Babur manner. 16. 3.1 Greeting: Today's topic will be about greeting. For this first word, it is formed by Sue characters. For the first character, it is pronounced as when. And for the second character at his whole, one, whole. It means creed or greeting. Therefore, it can be used as a noun. Let's see the second vocabulary. It is pronounced as it means please. Normally this word seal is followed by a verb to indicate please do something. Let me give you an example. In English. Sealed sit, it is equal to please sit. You may have noticed this board is a character from one hole on its own. When? And the meaning is ask. Why. It means ask. Look at this. Does it look like when you open the door and ask the question? One, as we note here, and one separately. I'm going to introduce you what is sealed together. It means, excuse me. And you would use it followed by a question. Therefore, you can actually consider when as a very polite way to start asking a question. When it is pronounced as, say. It has two functions. The first one, it means in or at, and the second one, it can make a verb a present continuous tense grade. For the first function, you would say set, followed by a place, which would indicate in or at a place. While. For the other function, psi would be placed before a verb to indicate a present continuous tense. Let me give you an example. Xa. Xa indicate the present continuous tense. When means ask. So Y1 equals to ask gain. We will be talking about this further in the next video. Now for the next word, it has a couple of meanings. It can mean house, home, family. How to pronounce it? It is called. The next word. It is a verb, and it means enter. So let's learn how to say it. Soon. Look at this picture. It shows the action of SIM. This is a word having two characters and together, they mean very long time. Let's learn how to say it first. For the first character, it is pronounced as hall. For the second one it is SEO. So together it is how you a reminder. We say ha as second tone because of tone rule that we just learned last time. So what does, HOW TO separately? In fact, ha, has a new meaning, Which is fair. And a just a relatively casual way to say very basic way. It equals to and see you on its own, means long time. That's why how SEO together would mean very long time. How do you, how do you? Therefore, for example, if we say how hot, it doesn't mean good, good. It actually means very good. Isn't this function amazing? Next word, it is a negation word. It means not. It is pronounced as 0. Let's learn a little bit more about bull, is about its tone and formation. For this bull under normal situation, it would be pronounced in forth tone. However, if the character following it, It's forth tone as well, it would change to second tone. Therefore, it will be pronounced as ooh. At that time. Poll. For this word, it means C. We would pronounce it as Cn. Let's learn the next new word. It has two characteristic again. The first character, we would say it. Say for the second character it is Chong. Therefore together it is stay calm. Fei Chang means fairy. As we know, phage harm is very and we have learned before, is also very true. So what's the difference between them? In fact, the two of them are really, really similar. But if you really want to pick the difference, say Tom would be considered more as very fairy. Therefore, it has a stronger meaning then. Is that clear? Fake how phage, how she were literally tie jama. Excuse me. Is Lily home? Say yes. Please enter the Hall. Hello, Lily. Ne ha ton more. Hello Tom. How Joe? Long time. No. See, how are you? I'm very good. What about you? I'm very good to. Great. Let's have a deeper look about the dialogues. How to avoid heartland for how your boots. What does that mean? Ha, means very long time. Not C. Therefore, the four of them together becoming Long time, no see. And a little reminder about the tone rule. Because the character following bool, which is CN, is for town. That's why in this case we don't say fourth tone. We say second tone. 17. 3.2 Thank You: First word ate is a verb, which means sit. In Chinese it is. So we'll look at the character. Does the character look like there are two people sitting on a chair. Next word, it is eat, which is also a verb. In Chinese, it is. Now look at the character on the left-hand side. Having noticed there is a square shaped thing, it actually means mouth. And this is called the radical of mouth. That's why eat, which has strong relation to mouth, has this radical. The next word means drink. In Chinese, we would say many people what makes up a drink? And which is, and however, they are different because drink, first tone and second tone. Have you noticed there is the radicals mouth again while he is drink? Of course, it relates to the mouth. Let's look at how we say coffee in Chinese. It is pretty similar to how we say in English. It is ce, cafe. Cafe. Now let's learn a noun which is t. In Chinese. It is that this board is formed by two characters. For the first character we would say, hi. The second character is sure. So together, high sugar and high fruit means, or for your additional information, high on the zone actually mean still. High sugar. High shirt. For this new word, we'll see how to use it first. It doesn't really have a meaning, but it has functions. And these three are the major functions of this word. First, we use this word to show past tense. Second, it will be used and is supporting word. And finally, and we indicate a change of state. Let's practice how to say it. It has no tone, so it is great. Let's see how to use to show past-tense. First, you would start with saying the verb followed by a. And this will show the action is completed. For example, becomes age or Eden becomes drank or drunk. For the second function, the next word that we are going to learn will give you an example of how to use it. While for the third function, it will be discussed in future. So stay tuned. La, la. Next word. It means two. It's two sum to match the nodal tissue as in also. So how do we say it? It's k. So for this is usually followed by adjectives. For example, how as bull would be not, HI, is two. How is good? Both? Are you good? However, if we want to form a phrase that would emphasize on the adjective, we would use the combination with LA to make pay adjective law. So in an English term, it is just like when you are expressing that adjective. For example, means it's too good. The next new word, thank you, or thanks. In Chinese, we would say ca, ca, ca, ca, CSA. So when people say thank you to you, what would you reply? You would probably say, You're welcome, right? So you're welcome in Chinese is ball. Let me dissect the words in Book C for you. For foo, it means not. While for a could see. It actually means generous or a polite. So you can see why we would say bool, as in, you're welcome. Because we're actually saying, don't be so polite, don't be so generous. It is a humble way that we want to express our gratitude to what you're saying. Thank you to us. The true Lamar. Please SIT. Have you eaten yet? What true law? Yes, I have. Hello, coffee. Do you drink coffee or tea? I drink tea. Please drink tea. Cse. Thank you. You're welcome. 18. 3.3 Grammar: Tenses & 'Can': In this video, we're going to mainly focus on the revision of tenses and learn. A new word. Has two meaning. First, it means, well, Sagan, can, but only for skills. So let's see how we use weight as well. Basically, you would say, and then followed by the verb to make it well. And then do the example. We'll eat will enter. What about using weight as CAN? Has we do it basically for this? Can, it can only be, can do a scale. For example, swim, speak a language, Coke, or whatever thing that you think it's skill. Example, if you say, it would mean can drink. If you perceive drinking is a scale. You may ask me, if we just use weight, how will you be able to know one's talking about whale? Or it can? The answer is, you have to know the content in order to know what he's talking about. Now that we know how to foreign past tense, present continuous tense, and featured hence, let's move to do some revision. Now, would you be able to answer the question in Chinese? How would you say first he drank coffee? Cafe. Cafe. Number 2 and asking mom was I was I went. Number 3. Her dad will eat. Had a bad, bad bad, bad. 19. 3.4 Additional Verbs: Today, when we talk about some additional variables, these are the verb sat with commonly used in daily life. Let's look at the first one. It means C, Read, Watch. So basically it's anything with your vision. In Chinese. It is can. Can. Next one, it means lesson over here. The next word, it means read or study. It is to. The use of dual is basically similar to, can. Just add this word, can even refer to read something out loud. Finally, for this word, it means say, speak, or top. Sure. Sure. Sure. Let's combine the new words that we have learned for this module. For example, seal. It means please look, please watch, please read. Please see. While for silk. It means please listen. Let's move on. For example. It would mean please read or just me, please read out loud. So now it's your turn. Okay, you tell me the meaning for CS and CR. Please say Please speak. 20. 4.1 General Phrases: Our first new word for today is the buy. In Chinese, it is saying CAN actually means again. And we also learned before that means C. So C implies, see you again. When the next word would be sorry. In Chinese that we'd have three characters. It's delay for c as a whole, in this case, would become an unimportant word. So we would say in no tone. Therefore, it is to see. Do I put C would see. So when people will say to you, What would you apply, you would say does matter, right? So in Chinese, that is, may see when we say this phrase, we often say C as no town. In fact, Mei from this word means not, which is another negation word apart from bowl. While frequency, it means relation. Therefore the original meaning for me when C is doesn't relate to me, so doesn't matter. It's okay. Make one make one c. Let me introduce you to another. You, this, you would be used when you want to show your respect. For example, when you're talking to your grandparents, That's called Nim. Actually the difference between mean, the respect for you and me, the normal u is set at the bottom. There is an additional character, which means heart. Therefore, now you know, when we say mean, that's when we show our heart and show our respect. Mean, Goodbye. Bye. Hello. Name and how? Hello. I'm very sorry. Doesn't matter. Csa. Thank you. No worries. In this situation. Why this guy will reply as no worries. It's because for book, it means not. While for CIA refers to thank you. So always actually implies not to thank me. Some people may ask, I really want to emphasize my emotion when saying sorry or thank you. Such that very, very sorry Or Thank you so much. So how do we say it? In this situation? You can add me, which is new after sorry, please. Or thank you. Csea, to emphasize your emotion or meaning. For example. Thanks a lot. You would see me. I feel very sorry. 21. 4.2 What's your name?: Let's start by doing some revision. How do we form binary questions? Remember for a binary question, we would use a very important word, which is, we would place me at the end of a statement. It would directly form a question. For example, Hall, which is good, plus the month at the ends, it would become need Hama, which is, are you good? So for now, Let's learn something new. So how do we form open-ended question? Firstly, there is a tip for you. For open-ended question, the question will be asked in a way that mirrors to how they are answered. With that said, let's look at some examples. For a question that asks, what is this? The English way of asking this question with B? This is what? That's because for the answer it will be. This is something, for example, this is an apple. So you can see that the way you ask the question mirrors to how it is answered. Another example, if you would like to ask, when is the event in the English question, that would be the event is when. That's because for the answer you would say the event is, for example, Wednesday. Let's look at one more example. If you would like to ask Who is she? Wish question would be she is who? That's because for this question, the answer would be he is someone. For example, my friend. First word, it's cl. It means call or a shower, or an ask, or others, someone to do something for you. It is a verb which is related to speaking. So this is quite important that you remember. This character somehow relates only directly to speaking. For example, my mom asked me to finish my homework. You can use the word ask as CL. That's because as, as related speaking directly. However, if you want to say, I call someone on the phone, this call in Chinese would not be smell. That's because it's not directly related to speaking. When you say you call somebody on the phone, it has another verb which is more like dial, Cl, Cl. Next word. It is a question word. In Chinese. It is called Shen. It means what? Shen, Shen map, Final word for today, its name in Chinese. It is Neil. In practice, normally we would say that from meal as no tone. Meals. Meals. What's your name? And call it Mary? With the skills that we learn to form an open-ended question. Let's look at this situation for asking what's your name? That's because when you answer, you would say, I'm called boggled law. That's why the king wish question would be, you recall what name and in Chinese? So he can see the question actually mirrors the answer. 22. 4.3 Where are you from?: Start with learning a couple of countries name. The first one is China. To say it, we would say. All. To be honest. Jiang Hua sounds very similar to its English. Joel War. China is an edge from this word drawn on. So actually means middle while for, or. It is a short form for a country's Joe. Joe or the other word is England. To say England in Chinese, it is pretty similar to how to say it in English. Or next, America. In Chinese, it is very similar to English. May all. For me, it actually means beautiful or a beauty. Have you noticed ME? Gua America. May, Gua, gua. Next country is France. To say it again. This time is it's very similar to how we say in English, Chinese, it would be fat or fat Gua. Gua. Next word. How do we say people are human in Chinese? It's rarely. Does this character look like a walkie human. Yen, yen. Next word, it is a question word. It means wage or where. In Chinese, it's next word. It has two different meanings. First it means is M or while. Second, it means yes. In Chinese, it is. Sure. We'll talk about the application of shirt in this video real soon. Here are some notes for you. If you say country's name, plus people, directly mean the country's people. For example. Or China plus people to join. Or yen, which is Chinese. Therefore, we can go on to try other countries. Or plus equals two, which means English. With that said, May or yen. Widths be an American. For that would be French. Guanyin. Where are you from? I'm British. What about you? Washroom or yen? I'm Chinese. Need. Where are you from? Washer may mean an American. What about Geo? Wild and French? Do you know how we formed this question in our dialogue? To find nice yen? Where are you from? Being reminded that for open-ended question, the question with mirror to you how it is answered. As for this question, the answer would be, I am XXX countries people. Therefore, the question directly translated to English with B. You are which countries people. Hence, you can see that question actually mirrors to how it is answered. Let's further our discussion in grammar. Now let's talk about how do we answer a binary question which we have learned. Those are the questions ending with math. Here, I'm going to tell you an interesting fact. In Chinese, there is no Yes or no equivalent to C, As you simply repeat, differ from the sentence. To say no, you have to say it negation word. And then plus the verb. For example, for the question, really is slowly at home to say yes, you would choose the verb, which is say, to reply. And for no, What would you say? You will first say the negation word and then plus the verb. Therefore, board say. One more example. N0. You drink tea to say yes. Pick the verb, which is while to say. Now, we'll say the negation word plus the verb. In this case you may ask, we learned shirt as yes. So in what case we can use shrew as Yes. Okay, Let's first look at binary question. We would say fruit as yes, when the verb is true. For example, may or is she American? Fruit? Yes. That's because truth is a verb in this question. Next, we can also use shrewd as yes. When you want to confirm or agree on something. For example, the boss says, please arrive by the office at nine AM tomorrow. And the saf replies, shirt, which means yes and C confirm. The second example. Person a says, lilies, such a kind person. Person be replies. Sure. Which means yes to agree. While we also learned shirt equals two, or m or r. So what situations and how do we use it? There is a piece of news for you. Sure, as is or m or I can only link from noun to noun. Thereby, you can form now and then, and then now. The below two examples will give you more idea about this. First, Mary is smart. In this sentence, we cannot use sure. To replace it is. That's because smart is not a noun. Smart is an adjective where he is. The second example, Mary is a smart girl. This time we can use sure, as is. That's because Mike girl is a noun. This gives us more thinking. In that case, what do we use where we want to link nouns, adjectives. Here I'm going to tell you, we would use, which is very, even in reality it may not be very, we would still say now, very adjectives. So getting back to our previous example, Mary is not in this time. That is, we can use her vary. Here you can see last part of this session. Can you do a speaking practice from what we learned for today? Meihua jiao, washer, drawn Origen. 23. 4.4 Introducing People: Here are a couple of new weights. The first is introduce or introduction. It is both a verb and a noun. In Chinese, it is CA, shall. The next word means friend. In Chinese, it has two characters. Poem Guo. For the character palm. Does it look like two people holding hands who are friends together? Polio. Polio. The last worry for this lesson. Welcome Tom. They are my father and mother. Hello. Ponyo. He is my friend. Shannon meals. What's your name? And call? Tom? Welcome. 24. Speaking Practice Lesson 1-4: Ciao. Hi. 25. 5.1 Who is he?: Hi guys. This is lesson. Let's do a quick revision and learn how to say. Let's start by doing a quick revision exercise. They see, remember pole, which is a negation word. The below would be a positive sentence. But let's try to add to the right place to make the sentence and negative meaning. Number 1, washer. Or I may British. So how would you add bullets? Make it a negative meaning sentence. Now let's look at the answer. We shall put bow before shrew, which means is, which will make it is not. Therefore wallboard. Or yen. I'm not British. Number 2, you passion the French. Now, where are you going to put boards and make it a negative sentence? Let's look at the answer. Again. We would put before shoe to make it is not. So it is. Man. Is he not French? So in conclusion, if you would like to make a sentence negative placed in negation word before the verb. Now let's do another revision exercise. How can you, with all the a, b, c words, he formed an open-ended question. A is shenme means what? B is tan means he. C is true, means eat. Now let's look at the answer. The first is b, which is tag, followed by C, which is true. And then a shell. So what does he eat? So you would have noticed that way would be he eats what? That's because for open-ended question, the question would mirror to the answer. Our first new word, Shea. It means who. It is used in a question. Shea. Shea. Who is he? Was Ponyo. He's my friend. A reminder note for you. For an open-ended question. The question would mirror to how the answer is like in this situation, because who is he? The answer is he is XXX. Therefore, the question would be he is who. And hence the Chinese would be Shay. 26. 5.2 Meeting People: Welcome back. This lesson would be about meeting people. Let's see the first word. It means happy or glad. In Chinese, it has two characters. The first it is and the second is seal. Together, Gao seal. And for your information, Gaul alone means high or tall. So you can imagine when you're happy, you're really like jumping high. Gaussian. Gaussian. The next, it has two characters. The first eight is Brin. Second, It's Sure. Sure. It means no. In practice, we would say the shirt and no TO therefore R1. Sure. And here we're going to talk about a very important information relating to that meaning for a wrench, which is two, no, no only refers to get familiar with. Therefore, often we would say Ren Shu, a person. However, if you want to generally say, for example, you know what's going on, you know how to get there. That no, is not running SRI. Round shirt, red shirt. Well, let's learn words relating to people. The first word, it is quite special, it has three meanings. The first it can mean husband. So again, it means sir or gentlemen. And third, it means Mr. it has two characters. The first is CAN, and the second is shown. Often when we say seeing shell, the shell, this character is specifically would be no tone. Hence, seeing Xiang. Xiang referring to Mr. How do we use it? In English? We say Mr. eggs, for example. However, the Chinese would be in a reverse way, which we would say x Cn shown. Is that clear? Can Xiang? Xiang? Next word opposite to see antrum is high. It has three meanings again. First, wise, Second, Madam. Third, Mrs. put tight. Hey, when we're referring to Mrs in English, we would say Mrs, Y, for example. In Chinese, we would say y, hey, hey, hey, hey. Next word, it means daughter. In Chinese, it has two characters. The first is new and the second is r. But when we combine them together, we would say in a quicker pace. So kind of link them together. New R for the character knew. Actually we mentioned it in lesson 2 before. We said new, symbolize a woman. So new on the zone actually is related to female. That's why new AI is a girl. Now that we know the Chinese for a daughter, what about sun? We would say, in practice, we would often say as no tone, which is as it is considered as a supporting character in the word. So it has iPads. For the character in 0 times. It means baby. People even wrote in in this way. Does that look like a baby to you? I can see initial me ha hello, Mr. Zhang. Tasha award as Cn shown. He's my husband, Jack. He's Peter Zhang. Yi Hao De occur. Hello, Jack. And Gaussian density. Very happy to know you. You are Mau Mau, Mau Mau, Mau Mau Mau Mau. Name ha, hello. Here is the first note for you in English. When we say a name, we would say firstName and then the surname. However, in Chinese, it is a reverse way. We would say the surname and then the first name. Therefore, we could see from a dialogue how sure the he is Peter Jiang. Jiang. Jiang, it will be discerning and B, it's a first name. And for your information, for most Chinese people, their surname only has one character. Let's listen again to that below dialogue. Half or one knew our she's my daughter, Malmo. In fact, while you are is from water, then you are my daughter. But there's a reminder in practice, we can omit the the way we want to speak fast. So that's why one, you are still makes sense as in My daughter. But once you, if you are using the foreign persisted pronouns such as mine, yours, There's hours, etc. That cannot be omitted. Let me give you an example. If you want to say this, apple is mine, you would have to say this apple shrew wada. If you just say this apple shoe wall, it would mean this apple is me. So it just makes sense. 27. 5.3 People: In this lesson, we will talk about people in further detail. The first word, it has team meetings. First, it means young lady, while for the second, it means NUS MIS niche. In Chinese, it has two characters. First it is tau, second it is for the second meaning, it means miss. And how do we use it? In English, we would say Miss surname for addressing a young lady, right? However, in Chinese, it would be a reverse way. We would say Sir Ni Cao. Cao. Cao. Now that we know addressing for young lady, we would say C out. So what about those mature ladies? We would say, for this part, again, it has two meanings. First, it means a mature lady herself, and second, it means mise en as Ms. again, for the second meaning in English we would say Miss earning. Therefore in Chinese, B would say surname new. Sure. Have you noticed from the character from South yet? From NEW sure. From both characters, it appear to have the character which we learned. It means female. That's because South CA and both related to female. The ne ha, hello, Nestle. Vha don't shout. Yeah. Hello, Mr. Zhang. How Long time? No. See, as we have just mentioned, is female plus, which we learned as humans or people. So for a woman, we would say. So what about men? We would say, for red, it means people. So what does nan mean? If you look at the character, you can see it is formed by two parts, the upper part and the lower part. In fact, the EPA part means field sin look like a field wire for the lower part, it means effort or power. Does it look like? So? As the old times then have to work in the field. So they have to work hard in the field. And this is how a character, which means male, has forums. Now let's look at husband and wife. Wow, they are three ways that we can call for husband and three ways we can call for wave. So let's now look at it. The first row, it is often used in formal situation. For example, they are the names used often in newspaper to describe husband and wife. Or husband, we would say Jiang Fu. In practice, we would say the full from this word as no tone instead of Thurstone. Hence, Jiang, full. Full job for four wife, we would say. But often we would say that as no tone because it is considered as a supporting character in the word seeds. Seeds. For the second row, it is considered to be semiformal. This is the one that we learned for why we would say, Hey, hey, for a defined over, it is considered tb, very casual. It is often used in daily life. For husband, we would say la, la, la For wife. We would say Lao for for for. For your information. The character Lao for both words means old. Different from the others. You can actually use Lao Gong. Lao pour. See actually addressed each other in a married couple. La Pour, my love. Lao goal. Hubby. With all these learned for married couple, we would call them foods. Full is from Jiang full, husband and wife. For now, let's learn how we say parents in general, they are two ways. Let's see the first one. It is often used in relatively formal situation. It is pronounced as full moon. Fourth tone, full, While third tone. More. In fact, full means father and small means mother. But please note that these two words normally would not be used alone. They would combine with other characters to form words. For the second one, it is a casual way of saying parents. The characters are the ones that we learned. So we can call baba or just bam. Baba. Baba, mama. 28. 5.4 New way to form binary question!: We will talk about a new way to 40 minute questions. In this lesson, we will learn some useful new words. First word, it is quite common. It is an adjective. In English, it is busy. In Chinese. Mom, Mau, Mau. Next word. It is also an adjective. It means tired. In Chinese, we would say. Here it comes through an important part. How do we find binary question with a new way? Let's look at our first example. Our un American, we learned before for this kind of question where we use a statement and then plus at the end. Therefore we would say, you are American. Me for make warrior. For our new way. It would be canceling out at the end. Well, when you say the verb, you will repeat by saying the negation word plus the verb. If you see an English perspective, it would be you are or not our American. You notice, I repeat the firm are not, are Therefore Chinese. Boy, sure. Make Warren. Another example. Well, they eat from the old way, you would say the statement, Hamon, wake plus the man at the end. However, for the new way, you would cancel the months while you would do for negation verb within the sentence. Just like when you do an English, they well or not well, eat. Yeah. In Chinese. Men. Wake. Final example. Is she busy? We learned to say mama. She busy month. For our new way, we would try to say she's busy or not busy In Chinese. Mom. Mom. Great. Now it will be your turn. How would you ask me the Ponyo? In a new way? Ponyo. Very good. The next new word, it would be occupation relates it. It is Peter in English. How do we say it in Chinese? It's loud. You may have noticed this law from Laos shirt is the same from LA, goal has been and for wife Lao Lao Shu. Let's see how we would say for a student now, it has two characters. For your information. Soon. On its own means, learn. Does that explain why seriation is student? Now, as we have learned a couple of countries name, Let's learn how do we say country or nation? In Chinese? It is. Or do you recognize the call from Guassian? It is actually the same goal from China, UK, and more. Therefore this or is country related. And it means home, family house, which we have learned before. Therefore, OR means country because it's your home. What's, Yeah. Now let's look at how do we say sum in Chinese, we say ca, ca, ca. Now it's time for us to learn what is this and that. Let's start with this first. In Chinese we would say Joe, Joe, Joe bio for that it is, mind you it looks and sounds really similar to NADH, which equals two, which are aware that we learned before. But this time you can remember it is fourth tone equals to that. And so third tone is always three questions. As we know it. Is this sum, therefore, this plus some would make it these are just, yeah. Just yeah. How about that? Ca some that plus some would make it those ca, ca, ca. How about here in there? For here, we would say John Lee. For the Indians enter or inside. Therefore, it is location-related. Often for this word, we would say Lee in no tone as it is considered to be a more like a supporting character. So what about their similar to the here, we would still use the, but this time we would say, again, we often will say for no tone. Therefore, it is to see what the Xia shang, these are my students. Joshua, what allows sure. This is my teacher. Do you know those people? I don't know them. 29. 6.1 Count 0-10: Welcome to our lesson 6, Part 1. We will be discussing numbers from 0 to 10. Let's first start with 0. Lille the heel. The heel. How do we say one? For the character? It looks like a horizontal line. E, E, T. For a number to the character shows two horizontal lines are. For three. The character shows three horizontal lines. 44546. It is C. C, C 8, 9 00 00 00 00 00 00 for 10. Now let's count 0 to 10 together. Our San San 30. 6.2 Numbers 11-99: Lehman. Ha, hi guys, welcome back. This lesson is less than 6 you, and we will be talking about numbers 11, 299. Let's start with 11, 29, seen for 11th, 19, all the numbers would be ten plus a digit. Therefore, the formula in Chinese would be shirt digit. With that said 11 would be E, which is 10, one is R, which is ten to 13, which is 10. The same idea goes on. So 14, 15, 16, and 17, 8 and 9 seen shirt. Great. Now let's move on to learn about those numbers, which are ten multiples. For example, 20, 30, 40, and so on. As in theory, they would be the digit times ten. So in Chinese we would say digit. Sure. Great. Now let's have a look at them. For 20, we would say to ten. So in Chinese are Sure for 3310. So sure. 4410, right? So in Chinese at is as for 50, it is formed by 5, 10. So we say what Bass 607480. While for 90, we say your shirt. With all these learned, basically you can say any number up to 99. Let's start with example from 2001 to 2009. For those numbers, we would first say the 20 plus a digit. So in Chinese that would be our Sure. Then digit. The same goes for 31 to 39. We would say 30 plus digit. Hence in Chinese San Shi than digit. So for 41 to 49, we would say plus digit. And this pattern will go on and on until 99 grade. Now that we have finished learning 1199, are you able to start doing some practices? Can you say the following in Chinese? Thirty four, sixty eight, seventy two. Thirty four. Science first. 68 and 72. Are. 31. 6.3 Numbers 100-10,000: In this lesson, we will learn about numbers from a 100 to 10 thousand. Today we are going to start with introduction of another TO rule, which is related to the character. One. For a character E, which equals 21, when it is used alone or put at the end of a sentence, it always remain as original tone, which is first shown. However, if it is placed before a character, a fourth tone, that we changed to second tone. Just like that. And if it is placed before a character, either first, second, or third tone, the e will change the fourth tone. Just like how it shows here. Great. Now let's learn about multiples of 100. For a 100 in Chinese, it is. Bye. Bye. So while we would say a digit times a 100 equals to that multiples of a 100. In Chinese, the formula would be digit. Then let's get started. For 100, we would say one. And then 100. Therefore, be reminded that y is fourth tone, but not first tone. That's because it is placed before the character by, which is third tone. So for 200 is by 300, by a 4400, that by 500. Buh, bye. Okay, let's move on. 600, it is feel bad. For a 708 is 800. And finally, 900 to you. By great, it's time for us to look at some examples. First, 1131 for 100 as it is. Hey, and 30 is San Shi, one is e, So it's e. So now let's try 247 for a. 208 is 47. So that would be our shirts. See. So what about 368368? The ocher. So that would be some bad. The ocher. So what about the below three numbers? They all have one as their tins. So here I'm going to tell you when the number is bigger than a 100 and the tense is one. We say sure instead of sure, which is 110. So why is it like that? Let me give you examples. For example, 120, we would say by our Sure. For a 130, we would say censure. For a 140. It's e, base sugar, and so on. Have you noticed for the tense, there's always a character there. Then go. Therefore, the structure with applies for 1102. And those which tense is one. For a 110, we would say E bay. Therefore it, getting back to our question, 111, we would say e, e, e and a 117. We would say by sea. While for a 318, we say by IV for. Now, let's look at another question. The below three numbers have 0 in the middle. How to deal with it? Here I'm going to tell you. If you see one or more 0 in the middle of the number, remember to use Liam, which is 0. You would only have to say one time regardless of how many consecutive zeros appear. As such. 306, we would say by Neil. While 409, we say to you. And for a 705, we say C. Great. Now it is time to do an overall practice for numbers between a 100 to 999. So are you able to say that the lowest three numbers in Chinese and SRR 809 GO TO 713. G by E for a SAN. 125. Are true. Great. Now let's move on to learn the mode. Suppose for a thousand, four thousand in Chinese, it is for a multiples of 1000. That would be the digit times 1000, right? So in Chinese, we would say the digit first and then in that case, one will be one and then CN. So is his ascent would be two. And then CN, therefore, for three, it is 4,008 is while 5000, it is 6 thousand. We would say. 7 thousand, we would say. Well, 8 thousand. And finally, 49 thousand, we would say. So what about 10000? 10000, we were not save ten and then 1000. But give it a new term, which is call one. With that said, for a multiple of 10 thousand, there will be a digit times 10 thousand. In Chinese term, we would say the JIT. And then one. For a 10 thousand, that would be E when? That's because it's 1 times 10 thousand. For a 20 thousand bats are when, while for 30000, that would be sad. When let's move on to 40 thousand. That is one. For a 50 thousand, that's one. So what about 60 thousand? It is new. When can you guess 70000? That is one. For 80 thousand, that is one. And finally, for 90 thousand it is one. Before we end the session, Let's do an overall practice. Can you say to below two numbers? Answer a 1003. San, San 2017. See more exercises. How would you say that below in Chinese? Answer. 20,183. Lean lean back. 20,019. Efforts TO lean E for it's you. 32. 6.4 Big Numbers: Hi guys, meme. And this would be the last lesson for this module. It has six pawn for wage talks about big numbers. Great, Let's get started. We shall look at a 100 thousand. For a 10 thousand, we would call it. When do you still remember? So 400 thousand we would upgrade it to ten times when? This would be sure when. So for multiples of a 100 thousand, it would be the digit times 100 thousand. Therefore, in Chinese, that would be the JIT. And then shoe wide. As we have said, a 100 thousand is one. We can now move on to look at 200 thousand. For a 200000, 8 would be 2 times shoe when? That would be our Sure. One. So for 300000, we say when moving on to 400000, can you guess what is that? It's super sure when for a 500 thousand, that is 14600 thousand, that is the ocean. When 4,700 thousand, we say T, one. For 800 thousand, we say bash. And finally for 900 thousand, it is 01. Hurray, we are reaching this milestone for a million. How are we going to say it as 400000? We would say one. For a million. We would just upgrade times 10 of shoe one. That would make it a 100 one. In Chinese, it is by 1. Therefore, for multiples of millions, that would be a digit. Then by when in Chinese. Let's try to say a million. That is E one. What about 2 million? That would be by when? And for 3 million? Sam, by when. Moving up. Can you guess 4 million? It is. When? 45 million. We say 146 million. By one. What about 7 million? We say T, 148 million, we say 1. And finally, 9 million TO by one. If you are interested, let's see how we say 10 million as 4 million, we call it by one. For 10 million was simply make by 1 times 10, which is 1000. When we call it one. For a multiple of 10 million, we simply put digit and then one for Chinese. Let's start off with 10 million. We would say 1. For it, 20 million. We say arts. For 30 million. We say shin, when? For 40 million? We say 10, one, fifty million, one and sixty million. Lu Chen one. How about 17 million? We say 1, 80 million it is one. And finally, 90 million YN. Now let's move to 100 million. Our final discussion for numbers. For a 100 million in Chinese, we would give it a new term which is called E. It is not the same as 1, which is E, but the character looks different. And it is fourth tone. In Chinese, the formula would be saying the digit and then followed by e. So for a 100 million, we say E. For 200 million, it is r e 300 million, 400 million, we say 500 million. Edges. E. What about 600 million? It is Leo III. And for seven hundred million, eight hundred million. And finally, 900 million. Ie. Finally, do you want to take this challenge to tell me that below two numbers in Chinese? Let's look at the answer. 2,054,173. When EBIT shrews and when he sang. Next, 92,630,174. Go a little for exam 1. 0 it's yeah. The ocher exam where lean eBay's he first. 33. 7.1 Measure Terms, Months & Weeks: Welcome to lesson 7. This lesson we will cover measure time, months, and we are first new word. It's C. As a question, it can be used as meaning how much, how many, what's the number? However, if it is used in a statement, it means a few or several. For the use of CE. In a question, it would mean how much, how many, or what number. And usually it is followed by a measuring term, for example, kilograms. Therefore you would say CE, kilograms. Question Mike, for it see meaning a few or several. It is often used in a statement. Also, it is usually followed by a measuring term, for example, kilograms. Therefore you would say C kilograms, full stop. So what exactly is measure at home? Measure term is needed for basically every object and matter in Chinese. And for different measure terms, they are used for different types of objects or meters. Let me give you an example. For example, in English, we say a piece of paper. So the peace actually is a mesh term. The function for measured HRM is to indicate one something. For example, one paper in this case. So in Chinese, how are we going to apply measure term? First we would say the quantity, which is the amount. And then we would say the measure term. And finally the object edge or the METAR. Great, let's introduce our first mesh term in Chinese, which is a very, very common one. And we say it as good. As for this guy. We just said it is in most commonly used measure terms in Chinese. Usually it is used to describe people, Jen. Most of the foods like apple and orange, backtype site, handbag, backpack, et cetera, and many more. Let's look at some examples. One person, we would say E, a few people. See how many people ran. But this time with a question mark. You may have noticed when we apply good in a phrase, it becomes no tone. That's because this would become a supporting word when it is used in a phrase. So we don't stress onto this syllable. Next new word, it is the, it means to. You may be surprised, we learned to as r. So what is this Liang here, I'm going to tell you the young, We only refer to two which is countable. The VR. By just looking at the character. This outlet, like there are a few human beings inside it. So that's why it which mean two. Therefore, we would use Liang instead of R and his two, but something countable. For example, two people. It's something countable, right? So we would say the Yang Ren. So here it comes to a new question. What you do when the number goes bigger? So here are a couple of things to remember. We would use R instead of Leon if the number two is next to sure when we speak in Chinese. So make it clear. Let me give you examples. 12, we would say sure are, but not sure. Leon. That's because the are, the two is next to Sure. One more example, 20, we would always say Are sure instead of the young. Sure. That's because again, the two is next. Sue. Again. Given that said, here's another thing that we have to remember is there are two or more twos within the numbers. We simply say the biggest two digit as the while the remaining two can be. Let's look at some examples. For example, 2200, it seemed from the number 2, 2, 0, 0. So we would say the biggest two as Liang, while the other two as R. So we will call it the tin are bad. Let's see another example, which is 20,200. From the number we can see it is 2, 0 to 0, 0. So we would just make the first two as the, while the N1 is. So we say when the heel are a. Great, Let's look at some other new words. The first is Sheng, which means up on above, upper shall, shall. The next word would be the opposite of Shang. We call it. Yeah. Means down below, under, underneath. Yeah. Yeah. Look at both characters. Does Shang looks like it is pointing upwards while yeah, looks like it is pointing downwards. So they both mean up and down respectively. Right now let's move to learn about months and weeks. Let's look at the first character. It has two meanings. Thirst, it means month, and second, it means moon. We would call it. Does that look like a moon that you see at night? The next word means week. It has two characters. The first one is the second one is t. So it is for a C alone, it actually means star. Does the character seal look like it has a star on top of a Christmas tree. To say to 12 months. It is pretty easy and straightforward. We would first say the number first and then yay. For January as it is at first month, we would say one and then yea, So E for a February, we say two. And then so I Yea, March, April, May, june, July, August, September, October, November, and December. Sure. Now to learn how to say the number of months, we would have to know for a month. It needs to measure a term to say it. So we would use, for example, one month, we say ten months, a year. Now I just see a Chen. Can you say the below in Chinese? 11 months, eight months? Answer. 11 months, eight months bag. Now let's learn something interesting. How to say last month, this month, and next month. Let's start with this month. For this, it is draw. So we say for last month it has something in the past. Normally we would point upwards when saying it with our fingers. So last month is Shuang year. Pay attention to the gesture. And so oppositely, next month we say. And how do we do for next month, upcoming month? Now let's learn how to say the days in the week. We would start by saying the week, since he first and then plus the number. Let's have a look now. Monday we say since t plus 1. So it is e, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, it is quite special. We don't say C7, but we say or which drew both mean days. We will talk more about this next video. To describe the number of weeks. Again, please note that for t, it would need a measure term to say it, which we will use. So for example, one week we say, and five weeks we say, now it is your turn. How would you say two weeks, 12 weeks in Chinese? Answer. Two weeks. The angle xi. 12 weeks. Sure. Let's learn how to say last week. This week, next week. The structure is pretty similar to months. So last week we say Shang Shi. This week. And next week. Jag. Pay attention to the gesture. Last week, shall see. For our next week, sac guessing t. One more thing to learn. It is we can't. We would say Joel more for a weekend. As Joe actually means weak and more actually means. And Joe Ma, asked to describe the number of weekends, similarity weeks. We can still need a mesh at home to do that. So we would use, for example, one weekend, we say draw mom. Seven weekends. I draw more. 34. 7.2 Years & Days: This is lesson 700. And today we will be talking about years and days. Firstly, how do they say year? Year is neon? Neon. Neon. Four days. We have two ways to say it. The first way is and then you can also say the second way, which is ten. To describe the number of years, there is no need to add a measure term to say it, because Nguyen itself is already a measure term. So for example, three years, we say 15 years. So it's your turn now, how would you say six years? 20 years in Chinese? Answer, six years. 20 years are sharing the end. So now let's learn how to say last year, this year, next year, and the year after next. They will be totally different from months and weeks. So now let's start last year. We say two, which means go. We'll talk about this in future. So you can't imagine last year is gone year. This year we say n. And you next year, it is mean. And the year after next hole. And whole unsold means the bag, which we will discuss in future. So you can imagine the year after next is at the back upcoming. Let's go over all of them again. Last year to Nguyen. This year. Next year. Year after next whole Nguyen. How would you say a sentence? This year is 2017. When it comes to year, we don't say to year as a whole number, but the number by number separately. So 2017, we would say 2, 0, 1, 7. And also after we say that, we always have to add neon Is year after saying two O 17. Therefore, this year is 2017. In Chinese we say e t. Now it's your turn. How would you say last year is 1016 and CR for days, which is Tn. Or again, please note that when we want to describe the number of days, we don't need an additional measure terms you say it, because Tn and group already is a measure term. For example, two days we say the young or the young. Nine days, we say, now it's your turn. How would you say 16 days, 30 days? In Chinese? Answers. 16 days or 30 days. Now let's learn how to say yesterday, today, tomorrow, and day after tomorrow. The structure basically is very similar to year only accept for yesterday. So now let's start for yesterday. We say today. Tomorrow. And the day after tomorrow. Another new word. It means date as a whole. We call it T for it is actually the root that we just learned, which means day. While 48 is the same, C from C T, T. T. Final knew what it means number, but only the short version of calling number. We call it ha ha ha. For saying a routine, a date. We will first say the year first, and then the month, and finally the day. So for a day in Chinese, we can have two ways to say it. First, second, it's Hall. So for example, the first of a month, you can say e or hall. So let's look at an example. For 31st of October 2017. We say he or she. Now it is your turn. How would you say second of January 2018 in Chinese? Answer E. E yet or 35. 7.3 Time: Welcome back. This is our new lesson. And today we'll be talking about time. To say time in Chinese. We say, Sure, sure. Sure. To say now. We would say to say our, we say c equals c small ensure is the sugar from sugar. Zhao. Zhao, I'm sure. Next word, minute. We say central. Fen, draw. For a second. We would say meow, meow, meow. When you would like to describe the number of hours. You need a measure term to say it. So we would use, for example, six hours. We would say two hours. The young girls, yeah, Sure. On the other hand, when describing the number of minutes, there is no need to use another measure term to say it, because some troll is already a measured her. For example, 45 minutes, 60 minutes. Similarly, when describing the number of seconds, meow, There is no need to add another measure term to say it. Because meow itself is also a ready a mesh at home. For example. Tall seconds. Sure. 30 seconds, we would say meow. So now it's your turn. How would you say that below in Chinese? 10 hours to minutes tall seconds and 10 hours to minutes. The young central. 20 seconds Meow. Mix new word. It means o clog, or the hour that shows on the clock. We call it Dn. Dn. Dn. To express time, we would start by saying, oh clock, which is dN. And then we would say minute, but using the sun from the whole word syndrome. And finally we would say the second, which is meow, for example, 330 with 1 second, we would say DNE. Another example, 8, 35, we say Fen. And for 1005, we say, sure, the end. You may ask, how about we express a time in PM, AM? Is there anything like that in Chinese? So the answer is yes. Now we will learn how to say the time of the day. And before we start, let's learn a couple of new words that related to time of the day. First word, sol, it has two meanings. First, it means morning and second, it would mean early. Zao. Zao. On the other hand, next word has two meanings as well. The first a mean evening or night. Second, it means late. Next character. It means middle. In Chinese, we say, yes, it's Jones from Joel. From the character itself. Thus it look like a cutoff, something in the middle. Draw, draw. Next character, it means noon. We say the same sound as SPI. And for this Woo, and normally would not be used alone. It would be linked with other characteristics to form words. With all these learned. Let's see how we would say our first time. It's noon, 12 PM sharp. We would say for morning, we have to saying the first one is from. So as you can see, the Shang is right after Sol, while sol means morning, Shang is on above or upper. So it kind of mean on the morning. So it's like in the morning. The other way of saying morning is shown because as is Monday, Xiang is upper part of today. So that's why we would say Shang Sheng Wu. Now you can guess how to say afternoon as this would be the lower part of the day. That's why it will be opposite to how we say morning. We say boo. Boo. As for evening or night, we say when you Shang for one, it means night or evening. For Xiang it means on. So it kind of means on a night when Xiang Yu Shang. So now let's learn how to tell the time, including PM and TM refers to how we do in English. We would put the AM or PM in the front. Therefore, morning, afternoon, or night. Noon would be followed by the O clock, which is dN, and then the minute sun. And finally, second meow. For example, 345 in the afternoon, we say yet another example, 855 in the evening. It is why Shang Fan. Now it's your turn. Can you say 11, 24 in the morning. And so we would say Zao Shang Sheng fool. Sure. Next question. Can you say 12 PM in the midday? And Sir? John rule? Sure. So there's one piece of information for you as Chinese don't use 24 system to express time. So it is better to use morning, afternoon, and evening to tell the right time. However, I'll let you know there are voice simple ways to express the minutes, 15, 30, and 45 on the clock when you're telling the time. And before we start, let's look at our last new word for today. It is, which means half. Does the character look like it has cut off in half? Bang, bang. As for minutes 15, you can see from the clot it points at three. So we can simply just say San. For example, 515 in the afternoons. We can just say as for 30 minutes on the clock, as every presents, it is halfway in the hour. We can just use to represent 30 minutes. For example, 730 in the morning, we can just say shampoo fan or a Zao Shang Ban. And finally for 45 minutes from the clock at points at nine. So we can't just say so for example, 945 in the evening. You can just say, why You Shang Jiao, the end, she'll great. Approaching the end of our lesson. Let's do something more fun. Let's learn how to say, good morning. Many Chinese sentences are a reverse way of English sentences, and it is no exception for a good morning. So we would say morning, good. Therefore, Zao Cheng Hao or Shang pool hall. And for a good afternoon, the chin, which way would be afternoon? Good. So yeah. So for a good night or a good evening, we would say evening or night, good. Therefore, Wei Shang Hall. 36. 7.4 Ask Questions: time & date: Good morning. For this lesson, we will learn how to build the question relating to time and date. What's the time now? Way one. Chennai Sherman. What time is it now? What's the time now? Since I TDF? What time is it now? So in general, we have two ways of asking what time is it now? First, Shamash. Feel free to add shirt after CNTK, which makes it now is what time? For the second way it is CDN. So you can feel free to add shoot after C and to make it now is what o clock? As we have said before, for a simple open-ended question, the answer would simply mirror to how the question is asked. So we would answer something, the end, something. For example, it is 10 o'clock now, we shall say, again, feel free to add the shirt after a question. What's the date today? Way one. Watch the date of today. What's the date today? Watch the date of today. Question 1. It means today. What month? What date? Again, feel free to add after that. After today. If you would like to ask only about the date, but not including the month, you can just say hi. So today, what state? Again, feel free to add the shoe after it. To answer both questions. As for question one, it is asking today, what month, what date? So you would reply the same way, saying something something Hall as to answer a question two, as it is only asking about the specific date. So you reply the same way. Saying something. How question? What's the day to day in the week? What's the day today? As for the question seemed it actually means today, weekday what? Again, feel free to add sure. After it seem Tn, regarding the answer, you would simply reply in a way that the question is asked. Therefore, see something. Now it is your turn. Can you try to say the below in Chinese? Answer number one. What's a day to day? Number two, what's the time now? And CR one. Mushroom. Shun the shrew Tsien. Answer to CDN. Cdn number 3. What's the date of today? Answer one. Ha ha ha ha. So now, can you try to respond to the following in Chinese? Number one. Number two. Number three. Answer. Number one. Given today is Monday. Number 2. Given that today is the second of May. Our Ha ha Number 3, given that now is his 620 in the afternoon. Then final two questions. Can you say the following two questions in Chinese? Number 1, what's the month last month? Number two, What's the year next year? Answer. Number one. What's a month last month? Xiang. Xiang. Number two, What's the year next year. 37. 8.1 Essential Grammar Talk: This is Lesson 8. And in this lesson, we will all be talking about grammar. Grammar one here or there is. In English, we often say here is something, there are someone. However, in Qingdao, we will replace is with half, which is your. Therefore, if we say here is, we would say John Lee, yo. What about there is, that would be yo. It may sound new or strange to you. But the rational actually makes sense. Because when we are talking about here is something or in a place there is something. We're actually meaning in that place. There consist of something. Therefore, we would say in the place yo something or someone. For example, here are eight students. The English way would be, here, have eight students. So Charlie your bag as another example, there are two people. We say. The grammar to measure term. We have said before for basically every object or matter, we need to have a measure term for it, which the measure term indicates one or a or N of the object. Therefore, I'm going to tell you here for just see or not see. Both of them don't meet a measure term. That's because CIA need some, which already gives you the idea of the quantity. Therefore, we don't need an additional a or N or one. Is it? For example, those people are my good friends. We can simply say, for war the help hone your grammar 3 Sentence rule. This is a very, very important rule, so you have to pay attention to it. Here. I'm going to tell you about how to form a sentence, including everything like this, time the subject and the activity. To form it informative sentence. We would start by saying the subject and then time and duration one, and then how one, and then the place, and then how to, and then action and finally, duration too. So where are those? Subtract means who or what. Time means when? For a duration one, it means a time needed to get to the place for how one it is, how you're going to get to the place. Place of VOC. It means where, HOW TO, it means how you're going to perform the activity. For action. It has to actually. And finally, duration to it is how long to activity last. However, for this sentence rule, it is not too straight for the subject and time. For most of the time they can be interchanged. While for duration one and how one usually they can be mixed or interchanged as well. While action and duration to sometimes can also be mixed and interchange. Now let's look at an example for English sentence. I studied Chinese with Lily for two hours at the library yesterday. How are you going to reorder the sequence into a Chinese friendly sentence based on the rule, the first way be the subject. So it has i. Next, we would go to time, which is yesterday. Next, it has duration one, which is the time that you need to take to the place. This one is not in the sentence, so we can skip it. It is send followed by how one, which is how you're going to get to the place. This is also not in the sentence, so we can give it a pass. And then it comes to your place, which is the library in this case. And then it would be how to, which is how you're going to perform the activity. In this case, it would be with Lily. For the action. It is studied Chinese. And finally, duration to how long the activity less. In this case that would be two hours. Therefore, the full CI English sentence would be, I, yesterday adds a library with lilies studied chinese for two hours. Now it's your turn. And you say the following in the Chinese order, I will take the bus to school to have lesson tomorrow. Answer the Chinese way would be I tomorrow. Will it take the bus to school to have lesson? 38. 8.2 Daily Life: Welcome to lesson eight months you. And today we will be talking about something relaxing about daily life. Let's turn our new word sun. It means rise, but it is a norm that people would refer as meal. Therefore, we often say true fed as eating a meal. San San. Let's see how we say breakfast. As for Zao, it means early morning has been learned. Therefore, when we say breakfast, we would say so Fen. Or there is another way of saying, which is Zao Hen, which actually means meal, sol sun. Now let's learn how to say lunch. As we learned, is noon. So lunch it is. Or fan. Fan. As for dinner, we learned when is evening, night or in late. So dinner would be Y. Or when, when? When, when, when ten. Now next word, it is go to work. We say. Therefore you can imagine that you're actually go up to work. Xiang, Xiang Ban. On the opposite. When you say finish work, we say, Yeah. Similarly, you can imagine you're going down finishing work. Sap, Ban, ban. And usually if we use Xiang. Yeah, Then the often referred to a proper paid job. If you just want to say you work, we have another verb, which we'll talk about this in future. Last new word for this lesson. In English, it means return. In Chinese, we say, if you look at the character, doesn't look like it's returning. And often, this will be used to indicate when you return home, go back to school, go back to work, etc. Good morning, dad. And the Seoul, Shanghai. Good morning. Have you eaten breakfast yet? Sheila? Yes, I have. Shang. When you go to work for body and by Zhang Val. I'll go to work at E3 Shan leisure hall. Wait, yeah. When will you come back home tonight? I'll come home at six. Here are some notes for you from the dialogue. You heard me. Sure, it's our turn them on. Have you eaten breakfast yet? In fact, it equals two. You need ten mm. Therefore, it doesn't matter much whether if you put the right after the syrup or you could look after you speak the whole statement. Both a correct way to indicate past tense. 39. 8.3 How much & How many: This is Lesson 8, 13. And the main thing that we will discuss today is how much and how many. Let's start with some fun new words. The character on the left means big. Usually it is used for size or sometimes age. To read it. It is bad. And the character on the right means small. So we say, Wow, wow. Chow. Next word. The character on the left means many, much, a lot. So it's talking about a lot in terms of the amount. So we say dong, dong, dong. On the opposite. If the mount is just a few or a little, we would say shot, shot, shot. Look at the character for a shop and tau, they both look very similar. In fact, they both mean level but shall refers to the amount and refers to size. However, when door and shall stick together to become dollar shop, it would form a question word, which means how many, how much? Usually it would be followed by the measure term or the noun that you would like to know the amount of. Therefore, it's obvious that when you use toy shop to ask a question, it has to be related to amount. Door fall. Next word. It is a measure term, which means years old. We shall say. Next character it is actually is equals to renminbi. But then it is the domestic currency that you use in China. So he can still consider it as a measure, a term. Given an example, 15 Ben then Bay. It's true. Now let's see how to save money. We would call it Shan. Shan. Shan. How old are you weigh one. Need. Gua Sha say, how old are you this year? Was a senior and I'm 25 this year. So here are some notes for you from the dialog. Needs. C is this year. So in Chinese, it is quite common for them to say Nin when asking about age. However, it is not a must use. Also when you reply to this question, you can just say your current age instead of the H, you will turn in this year. Is that clear? How old are you? Way too neat. How old are you this year was seen in our shrew will say, I'm 25 days here. Now it's time to learn about an old word with new meaning. We're talking about. We used to know it means a lot better for us. New meaning. It means how and how much. Let's see how we use that door as how and how much can be used in both statements and questions. To use it, it will be followed by a verb or an adjective, which show the degree of the firm or the adjective. Let's see an example on door followed by adjective. For example, as a statement. Can have door hall. It means see how good he is. For example, in a question, jogged to what it means. How big is this one? When door is followed by verb, so how to use it and what is it about the verb? It's normally related to sensors, condition capability such as like want able to, to make it door like door won, which makes it how much one likes, how much one wants, etc. But no worries, we will discuss that in future. Now let's learn to ask, how old are you weigh three. The Team. How old are you this year? What senior? And say, I'm 25 this year. So basically from the question, neat jianmian door. Door, that would mean how big, implying how old are you. So before we move on, we will learn the new function of LA. We have learned that with love, we can change a tense, so we add it after a verb to make it past tense. Besides we learned, we can use law as it's supporting word. For example, it's a combination of tie, adjective, law. So the new function of law is the change of state. We place it after the end of the sentence to indicate a new situation which is different from before. For example, if we say the sentence, I don't live in London. If we plus the law after it, it didn't apply set previously, I lived in London, but now not anymore. We can also use long as asking how old are you. Let's see an example. How old are you this year now? What CNI and Arthur would say law in 2005 this year already. From the dialogue we often hear LA as this is because as for age, we turned older every year. So we use law to indicate there is a new situation. How much does it weigh? How much is this 500 Roman be? How much is it? Way too? How much is this? 500 Roman be? From dialogue. Both questions. How much does this job got seats yen and jogger door shouts, yen for the CNE can be replaced by the currency. For example, if you would like to use y, then we can say dragon, the washout, y and z. Instead. 40. 8.4 Say 'ish' & new measure term: This is Lesson 8 percent for today, we will learn how to say in Chinese, and we'll also learn a new measure. Gray. Let's start with seeing the new function, the door. It would be used as ish. So how do we use it? For numbers less than 10? We replace door after Misha terms. For example, San mean it means more than three years, or you can say three-ish years. Another example is it means over two months. So we can conclude that we shall say the number first and then the measure term. And finally, it would mean that it is more than that number, but less than the upcoming next number. So make it more clear. Let's see another example. It means 40 clock because to do is place after the measure at home. It would mean it is more than four o'clock, but not jet five. So a reminder again, if you put Door right after the measure, what it would be more than that number, but less than the upcoming whole number. So for numbers more than 10, we will suggest you to place the for the measured homes. Why is that? Let's look at an example. For one mean. It means 20 plus years. That for 20 plus years would imply any number more than 20. Therefore, it can be anything between 102129 for a year. It means 10 plus months. With that said, 10 plus can be any number between 11 to 19. Therefore, for bigger number, we would say the number first and then door and then measure term. So it would mean it is bigger than the number, but it is not restricted to being less than the upcoming or the next number. To make it more clear, Let's see another example. So it means 50 plus days. Basically, it can be any number between 51 to 59. So now it's your turn. How would you say that below in Chinese? First 10 o'clock, the not jet 11. Second week's answer. Number one. Ten o'clock at the end. At the end Door. Number 2, 20 plus weeks. I should though Augustine see. I assured the August seemed great. Let's move on to alert a new vocabulary. In Chinese. We say hole. So it has two meanings. One, it means mouth, and also it has a measure time for family member. C. Does a character coal like an opening mouth? Coal. Coal. You can also imagine in a family, we have to feed everybody, right? Therefore, call would be then the measure term for family members. Need a cauldron. How many people does your family have? There are three people in my family. 41. 8.5 Chapter Overall: Hi, Neil Lehman Hall. This is less than age 15, and the video will be a chapter overall. It is in the form of dialogues, so please enjoy and practice with them. Neiman, co-brand. How many people are there in your family? What we call ran? My family has for people. Did say law. How old is your daughter now? Say LA. She's six years old already. The Lao Shu it How old is teacherly now? Pontine? Yeah. She's 50 years old this year already. What about her son? Her son is 20 years old this year. 42. Speaking Practice Lesson 5-8: Gaussian. Hello. Let's see how 43. 9.1 Say 'Speak & Write' Chinese: Hi guys. Welcome back to Lesson 9, 11. In this lesson, we will learn how to speak and write Chinese new words. We will learn how to say Chinese or in Chinese language. Let's see the two ways to say it. The first, as it used to be the major clan in China for a year. It is often related to language and is actually a traditional saying for Chinese New Year. The other way to say Chinese or Chinese language is drawn when this actually represents John Wall, which is China. And for when it is also related to language. When in fact, if you say something or a something, one, if we refer to that particular language. For example. Or when it means English language. That's because in is actually from the word which means you. One more example for you. Or when means French. That's because fat is from sagwa, which means fronds. Can you speak Chinese? Well? Yes, I can speak Chinese. Neither. Can your dad also speak Chinese? I know he cannot speak. Now as we know, Chinese language is called, hey. What about Chinese characters? We would say As for it, it means character. Hands. Hands. Next word, right? We say Next word. It has two meanings. First, it means how or how to you. It means how come. We say, can you write Chinese characters? While? Yes, I can jog. How to write this character. Sorry. Wait, do I can read this character, but I can't right? Now, let's take a look at what happened in the dialogue. For the sentence. Jurgen said Monsieur, we put at the front to make it for this character. While Monsieur would be followed as in how to write it as a whole for this character, how to write it. Similar to the last sentence, jug of water, weight dual, boot. Yet you put jug and at the front to make it for this character. While wall height do Bu means I can read, but I cannot write it. 44. 9.2 Chinese Food: Welcome to Lesson 9. We will talk about Chinese food. Our first word, it means make or do. We say aw? Aw. Aw. For next word, it means fetch, Hudepohl. It also means Daesh to scene. We say, as I saw, it means make. It means dish. So much had together actually means make a dish which is Coke. So what hey, saw tag. With that said, we can also actually switch the TA to Fen, which is rise or Neil. So Fan Together means make a meal. So it means coke also. So a fan. So often. Now let's learn how to say a country's food. To say it, we would say the country's name. And then plus the tag, which is dish. For example, if we say all, which is China, and then type which is fish to make jokes or type, it means Chinese food. Another example, if we say which is Fricton and then high, which is dish, it would be which is British food distributor. How would you say the below? Thirst? French food. Second, American food. Answer number 1, French food. Sagwa. Number two, American food may make. Fact. Is French food delicious? French food is delicious. Can you make the French food? No, I cannot. From the dialogue. Fag, what's, Hey, how true fact. So what exactly is how true? So now there's a new thing to learn. If you say how follows by a verb, it means good to do that verb. In that case, how pleasant the whole term would become an adjective. Therefore, how means good to eat, which also equals to Delicious or a tasty. Now let's see an example. How can it would mean good to watch, read, or see? Also, it can mean good looking. Therefore, how can is actually an adjective which refers to anything you use for efficient, for example, a book, how TV is, how can, and your appearance hand can. So now it's your turn. How would you say the following? Number 1, good to drink. You want to say to drink tastes good. Number two, very good to eat. You want to say something is very tasty. And so number 1, good to drink. How? How are you very good to eat or very tasty? 45. 9.3 Grammar Revision: In this lesson, we will mainly to some tremor efficient. Great. Now let's start with can and cannot. To say, you can do a skill in Chinese, we would use the word. For example, I can write Chinese characters. You would say war. Another example, can you make or can you cook Chinese food? So auto gourds Hayman. Oppositely, if you want to say cannot do a scale, you would use the word ball. For example. Can you not coke? Sought another example. I cannot speak Chinese, you would say, or way for drawing when. Great. Now let's move to another topic. Linking nouns, adjectives, and disintegration. We have learned that. So link noun, adjective, you have to add Hen ends the middle, which is ferry. For example, jog at high Hearn culture, it means this dish is tasty or get to eat. Let's listen to another example. Zhang 100 ha. Her Chinese is good. So how would you say the sentence in negation? You would simply replaced the head with Bu to make it noun, adjective, while Bu means not. For example, pad. So let's have a pool hall, true? Harry, cooking is not good. So there is no hood in the sentence. Another example, jogger trap or how has this key doesn't taste good? Finally, we learned that means how and how come. So now let's see how their applications as Fordism, as in how the example is mature, means how to make this dish for it some, as in how come? Let's hear the below examples. Needs a Macbook Gaussian Law. How come you're not happy? And another example, need some a true fan. How can we don't eat? 46. 9.4 Family Members: Hi guys. This is the last video for this lesson. The topic is family members. Let's do a quick revision for a moment that we have learned for mom, grandmother, we would say mom and dad or father. Very good. Now we can start learning siblings. For older brother, we would call for a younger brother, we would say. So for older sister, CAG. Cag. And for younger sister. It's just a reminder. The character older sister is actually the same CIA from the word which is miss or a young lady. Let's hear to notes for you similar to Baba, dad and mama, mom. For siblings, you can also just use one character to represent a whole. For example, you can say, instead of burger or D, instead of D, The CIA. Instead of, instead of, maybe. This would help you to address your siblings more quicker. Now it's time to learn how to say grandfathers and grandmothers. For grandfathers and grandmothers from moms and dads side, we have two different sayings. Let's first start with mumps side. For grandfather from mom said we would call him. Why goal? Why go? And for grandmothers from month, we would call her. Why Paul? Why Paul? Have you noticed from the word why, goal, and why poor? Both of them include the character way. Why actually means outside. So why is that? That's because your surname actually belongs to your dad side, right? So in the culture, people would consider your mom's side as outside. So grandpa, grandma would be white goal. Why poor, which refers to outside. But of course, we still consider together as a family. Now let's see how you would call grandma and grandpa from debt side. For grandma from death size. Its name. For a grandpa from death side. We would call Yea, yeah. Yeah, yeah. Actually for the word for the character on the zone actually means milled. Therefore, if you want to say drink milk, you can say. Finally, there is a poem which helps you to remember the names for a grandpa and grandma more easily. Let's start. Bad, bad, night. 47. 10.1 School: Start with a couple of new words. First one, it's go. In Chinese. We say Next word. It is ghoul. How would you say school? It has two characters. First year on its own, it means learn or study. Our final word for this video. It spoke. We call it. Sure. Sure. Sure. It's Saturday, tomorrow. You're going to school? Yes. I'll go to school. What are you going to school for? What? Can I go to school to eat bugs. 48. 10.2 Classmate: Let's learn a new way. It's classmate or schoolmate. We will say, for your information TO actually means same. And we have said that it means learn or study. That's why kind of mean study together. A woman that he is a Chinese teacher. He's called teacherly. Sure. Shea. Who is this? Cashier? She is my classmate. Hosea mom. What about her? Is she requests made to upon you'll know, she's my friend. 49. 11.1 Want / Think / Miss: Welcome to Lesson 11. Today we will be mainly talking about how to say things and want. Now let's start with our first new word. It has three meanings. First, it means want or would like to. Second, it means think, but only think rationally. And third, it means miss. For example, missing someone. And there will be one Chinese character that include all these three meanings. We would call it. With that said for number 2, meaning if you would like to say, I think this stress is pretty, I think he's smart. These are opinion giving, so it is not considered as think rationally. Look at the character itself. Do you recognize harsh, radical? Bingo? Because yeah, As want or Ms. I think rationally, it's all related to using your heart is in it. Shang Yang? Great. Let's learn about another new word. It is cooked rise. We say fun. As we already learned, sign means rise, which is coach rise while following me on this own and actually is uncooked rice. So together then with B, coach rise, fan. When using sialic as want or would like to leave sound Cooja, month. What do you want to drink? Without good ha I'd like to drink tea. Me town shoe Sharma. What do you want to eat? I want to eat rice. Think rationally. Where is Mary? I think she's not going to school today. As miss somebody. I miss my mom very much. Me too. 50. 11.2 Buying: Hi guys. This is Lesson 11 points you will be talking about today. So here comes our first new word. It means by, in Chinese, we say Matt. Matt. Next word, it means cup or glass, or you can say mug. So in Chinese it is with the topic being buying. We have to know how to say store, right? So for a small shop or store, we would say Xia Shang. Shang DN. For your information, Shang means Commercial and actually means store. Therefore, we often would say any dn to represent any kind of store. For example, Sun, which means rise, so means restaurant. And next one should, which shoe is spoke? So is Bookstore. Shall we? What do you want to do in the afternoon? Once n to the n, I want to go to the store. Michelle Moshe. What do you want to buy? Once your CAP? I want supervised some cubs. Target base level. How much is this cup? So once the eight Renminbi. Now, good, but what about that cup? 19 random day. 51. 12.1 Direction: What we'll be talking about direction today. Before we start, let's do a quick revision. We learned that to say this, we would say draw. And that would be while which are aware, we would say the third tone. Now. Great. So today we will learn how to say here, there and square four here and there. They have two ways to say it respectively, for where it has three ways. So now let's look at them. So now we will start with here. The first way. Yes, two characters. The first is exactly the same as this, which is job. While the second character is, are, we would try to link them together when saying it. Also for the I, which is the second character, would then change to a no tone jar. Note that I did not say Joe separately, but link them together. Jar. For the other way, we will start with saying jaw again. While the second character, we would say, for your information, leak actually means in or inside. When we say the whole phrase, we often say that as no tone. Therefore, it is John Lee. John the next. For the first way of fair, we will start by saying the character exactly equals to that, which is 9. And then we would plus that are after it. Remember to link the two together. So make it. Next way of their similarity here, we would say again, which is that plus after it, remember than the heat is no tone. So now let's move to where we have learned before. We can say Matt. So for the new way of saying where it is pretty similar to how we said here and there. So we would start by saying no fors plus the r after it. So not, not. So for the next way of saying where we first say the NAT and then plus after it. Although we would say Lee as no tone, it is still originally a third tone character as 213 characters are together, just to remember, the first one has to change to second tone. So, so to your listening skills, let's do a small practice for all the words that we learned for here, they're square. Can you guess which one? The NC. Let's start. Thirst. Number 2. Number 3, jar. Final one. Where is my son? Where is this place? This place is this school way. Are we going now? Woman, she enzyme? You're going home now. Where is the cup? So you'd see you. 52. 12.2 On top, Under: Let's do a quick revision. This they remember how we say up or above or on. We call it Shang and Zhou. So remember how we say down under or below, it's ci. And this time we will learn a new word. It has three meanings. First, it means side or face. Second, it means phase like your face. And third, it means noodles. We call it men. Men. Men. Men. As Min means side. We call top as Shang Mian. Shang Mian. And we call some mean. Yeah, I mean, so you could see that the word Shang man literally means up per side, up per pouch. While Sam Ian would literally means lower part or lower side. Therefore, the two words will be used as a noun. Next, it's about animals. Cat, we say, which is quite similar to how they sound. Mau, Mau. Next, Doug, how do we say dug its goal? Goal. Goal. For a small animals. In Chinese, we often tend to say CL, which is small before we say the animal's name. It just completely not related to the animal's age, but it is just a habit. Therefore, for a cat, we often say ends for dog. Cow goal. Now let's move to learn how to say chair. What about table or a desk? We say draw, draw to draw. Now it is time to learn how to express saying someone's being agile somewhere. We would start by saying the subject first, which has someone, and always use the psi, which is n, or add to indicate his position. For example, the cat is on the chair. We would say say the shower mean selma shall mean. Let's dissect was happening in the Part II. The Shang Mian. As this part means the place, as we just said. And there's a new thing that you have to remember. When you say the place, you would start with saying that object first, followed by the preposition. Therefore, is the object and is preposition. So in overall, if you look clearly at the meaning of a sentence, it would mean the cat is at the chairs top or at the chairs are per pot. For your information. When you want to go quicker, you can omit that the Omega cell mosaic. So now let's here and another example. The dog is under the desk. Cell golds a jianmian or sell goal. It's a great. Now I just say return. Can you say the daughter is under the table? Answer. One new arts, I draw a sham mean. Or you can say one nucleotide draw, exit salmon. 53. 12.3 Where do you work?: Welcome to lesson 3. So far our first word, it is job or a work, which can be a noun or a verb, we call it saw. So you may ask, what's the difference between goals and shang ban, which we learned earlier. So for a god saw, it can mean it is a paid job or some normal working at your home. But for shang ban, it often only refers to paid job. Going saw, gold saw. Next word, It's Dr. K. So what about a hospital? We say e un, which you can see that for the character e, it is medically related. How Long time? No. See how Long time? No. See ECNs INR console. Where do you work now? And in working at the school now. Where does your son work? He is working at the hospital? Partially, usually. He's a doctor. Is your dad home full-time job? No. He's not at home. Where is he? He's in the hospital. 54. 12.4 What's your job?: Hi guys Neiman. Lesson 12, pump. What is your job? We will first start with learning how to use. In this lesson. Previously, we learned that for one of its function is to suggest what about or how about after you say something? For example, while ha, ha, I'm fine, What about you? And now we will learn the new function for enough. For now, it actually tends to just a casual or relaxing town if you place at the end of the statement or a question. So let's say our first example was young. I like to drink milk. So with the null at the end of the statement, was young. It actually makes the sentence sounds more relaxing. Another example, needs he sees, how old are you this year? You would not want to ask this kind of question, sounding very serious, right? So you think is quite a good idea. Our final example and eating now, what's your job? My job is a doctor. What do you do? Well, it's all allow sure. I may teach. 55. 13.1 Left, Right, Front, Back: Let's quickly do more efficient. These three, remember, up and down. For, up, we say Shang, four down, we say Seattle. Now we will come to learn left and right. For left. We say saw. Saw, and right. We say yo, yo. So how about front and back? Four filmed it. Is it the same sound as money CAN? And we're back hole. And now let's see how to say out and out way, way. And in li, li equate reminder to indicate the location, we often will add min after the direction. So for top, we say Shang Min. For button, we say. So left-hand side is mean. And right-hand side. Your mean, your friend slide. You can say the back, you can say. So finally for outside, you can say Min, y min. For inside. Lean mean. Now let's do a little game. I'll show you the gesture and then you can tell me to position in Chinese. Let's start. The men. The men. Answer. You'll Min, Min. And so MIN. 56. 13.2 There is...: Now let's quickly, It's uber efficient for indicating someone at somewhere or a place. You have to remember two things. We would say the subject first and then sat before indicating the location. And while you are indicating the location, you would say the object first and then say the preposition. Let's see our first example. He is at my front. You would say that it reminds it for, you can omit it when you want to see faster. So if you want to say she's on my left tabs, I saw me. And the next example, they're sitting at my bag. You can say the whole mean. And final example, t is inside of the cup charts. I mean. So now how about we exchanged a subject and say the place first. This would indicate at somewhere there is something. So we would say the place. And then yo, which means half or has. So now let's see how we can do it. Example one more time. So it means that for me or at my friend, there is him. So for the place it is or Min in this case, after saying the place, we would use your and then indicate anybody or anything is fair. For our second example, it means on my left, there is her. And our final example, your mom. It means there's a cat under the chair. So for your extra information, sometimes you might want to speed quicker. So in this case, you can omit the mean only for Xiang, Li and y, but not for it saw and Yo. Why is that? Well, in English, you may say in as a short form for inside out, as a short form for outside, on, as a short form for on top of et cetera. But there's no such function for a left and right, right. So for its saw ends, yo, we cannot omit the Min. So now let's see how the examples can be. For example, on the desk, you can say Shang, under the chair. You can say, yeah. And in the house, you usually would say. So for what we learned today, Let's do an overall practice. How do you say my son is under the table. And under the table there is my son. Answer one, a, white dwarf, jianmian. One b. Yo yo was question number 2. I'm at or in school. Tb. In the school, there is me and QA to Sally. Sally GB, Saudi yo, yo wall. And our final question three. The cup is on the chair. There is a cup on the chair. And Cr 3 a Zhang Zai. Zhang. Three be Xiang Yu. Zhang IGA. In the sentence, iga is recommended to be used because the English translation would be on the chair. There is a cup. Without IGA would just make it on the chair there is cup. So with IGA, it would make the sentence sound more natural. 57. 13.3 Comprehensive Directions: Hi guys. Welcome to Lesson 13. 13. This lesson, we will be talking about comprehensive direction. Given that we have spent a few lessons on direction. Now let's learn our first new word here. Computer. We say. In fact, for it on its own, it needs electricity. For now on its own. I mean, sprain. So null. It is electrical brain. That's why it is computer. Now. The next word, it is a measure term. It is mostly used for boats. We call it. But let's see an example. Or can send Ben true. I read three books. Draws a Shang your Shama. What's there on the table? To Watson Shang, Zhou. There's a computer and a book on the table. Who is that person at the friend? He's leaving, he works in the hospital. Homey and Nike render. What about that person behind tragedy palm position? He's painting. He works in a shop. Hi guys. Here are some notes for you from the dialogue. It is CAN Shushi Tei. So it actually means wall. So before me, who is that person? So you may want to ask, can we say not guaranteeing me, Ashish? The answer is no. That's because not Gurdon skin me. It would turn out some mean and fun of that person or that person. 58. 13.4 New 'can / able to': Hi guys. Welcome to our video for this lesson. This lesson we will talk about Let's learn our new can. In Chinese we call no, no, no. So what's the difference between weight which we previously learned and know? Well, both of them mean can only refers to skill. While for it now it will be able to. So let's see our first example to use. No. So for example, you just have an interview and the boss and ask you Nemean piano, shang ban. So can you come to work tomorrow? Another example was found known slots, Hey, I'm able to cook tonight. So you'll notice from these examples, the way to use null is not really for skill. It is just meaning that you would be able to do something within your capacity. Excuse me. May I ask if anyone is here? There isn't one. Can I sit here? Please sit. 59. 14.1 Time - before / ago & after: We'll be discussing, have to say before and after in terms of time. So we will learn another new word, which is time. Again. For this time, we would say sure, hole. But often we would say the second character as no tone. So hop, hop, hop. While we also learned, should seem as time. So it's a difference between sure how and other both of them. Meantime, she tends to be more about time showing on the clock. While shoe hope often refers to a longer period of time. For example, for the question, needs shirts in weights? Yeah. What time are you coming back home today? As we use shrewd CAN as time? The answer is expected to be more specific about time on the clock. For example, 530 PM. And if we change a bit by using hope as time, for example, needs hope weights. Yeah, the answer is expected to be less specific about time on the clock. For example, next Friday. However, even we said shirts yen is more specific about the time and clog, while sure hope is less specific on that, the rule is not too straight. So basically, for many of the times, you can interchange. Sure hope. And however, they are still a situation that you always would just use. The not sure how that's when you specifically say I have time or do you have time, et cetera? For example? Do you have time? And by asking this, it means are you free? Now let's do a quick revision. We learned that for front, we would say CAN and back is. However, if we use them along with the time Cn, which means before or ago, and hope would mean after. How do we use it? We will first say the time first and then put the CN or hole after it. Now let's hear an example for using Tn was sentience. It means I knew Lily three years ago. So it kind of means we met years ago. Next example, wall to wall. I went to China to you months ago. Now let's see examples for using whole was anti-war whole wall. We turn back to England after Friday. Next. Yes, Yoshua hall way, Chu Xiang Ban. I'll go to work in an hour. So it means I go to work after one hour. 60. 14.2 How long you're staying?: Let's learn our first new word. How do we say movie or a film? We say yielding structure is pretty similar to the 0, which is computer means electricity and yield means shadow. Now let's learn how to say Beijing then. To say it in Chinese, it is pretty similar to how it sounds in English. It is ba, ba, ba. Let's see how we say live. It's true. Weights. Yeah. What time is that coming home? Size PM. While mentioned miss your house. You can't you whenever we go into watch maybe Newton pen, half-past six. We're seeing Adrian. I'll go to Beijing on Wednesday. We will draw TPN. How long do you want it to stay in Beijing? Foods that he had? Four days. Are you able to come home before next Monday? Yes. Here are some notes for you. Just remember the sentence structure rule that we learned. Let's hear the sequence. Subject, time, duration one, how one place, how to action and duration to. And from the dialogue. We could see. Nice debates. Also follows this rule. It's because meat would be the subject. The place, the action, the durations you. 61. 15.1 Revision I - 多duō,怎么zěnme,的de: Hi guys. Welcome to Lesson 15 plus 1. For the whole series of less than 15, it will mainly be about for efficient. Let's start with door. It means many lattes. How or how much? For the application of how or how much it would be our focus for today. There are two nodes for this application. First, it can be used in both statements and questions. And second, the character door would be placed after the subject. Let's see a couple of examples of using door as how or how much. First, How old are you this year? Second part. How do she is? Third? Can have doorway towards hey, see how good she can cook. Next week, how a door hall. Look how good I am. Finally, Chagas see AMO doors. Yeah. Look, how small is this cat? Our next focus is which? It has two meanings. How and how come, which we will look into both in a minute. Let's see some examples of using, such as how number-one need to reassure what DAD, how did you know my younger brother. Number two, you need settler choose yourself. How did you go to school? Great. Let's see how we use such as how come example number one, me to set my book Gaussian, know, how come you're not happy today? Number 2, needs them up. How come you don't drink? Now let's move to learn two functions of the character that we already learned that for a character, when it is placed after subject, it can act as a possessive word. And today we will focus on two other functions. Number 1, they can be put at the end of statements or questions to provide a confirming sound. Number 2, they can act as that or when, which we'll discuss in a bit. Let's see an example for using the as to provide a confirming sound. Needs at my Rocher. What dD, the How did you know my younger brother? Some of the example because it is already the fact that you know, my younger brother. Therefore, when I asked you the question, how did you know my younger brother? I can freely at the, at the end, which is like a confirming sound. Now let's see how we can use the S meaning that when example, wash her like IGA cafe. I drank coffee when I was at work to dissect shang ban, the shareholder. The time which is how when or that they're at work, which is shang ban. Let's see another example. Joshua Ward saw that, hey, this is a dish that I made to dissect what saw the TA the dish that I made, wood saw. 62. 15.2 Revision II - 想xiǎng: Hi guys Neiman. Ha, this is Lesson 15. Consumer has another batch of efficient. Let's look at multiple functions for the character CIA. He has three main ways. First, it means wand or would like to. Second, it means think, but in a rational way. Third, it means miss, mostly for people. Let's look at the example for using CRM as want or would like to. Number one through five watts. Hi, I want to eat French food very much. Number 2, you walk with your hands. I don't want to write Chinese characters anymore. A reminder for the function of law in this sentence is to change of state. Therefore, it means previously and fine. Or I like writing Chinese characters, but now I don't want to write Chinese characters anymore. So now let's see the examples of using CR demean. Think rationally. Example one was Sarah had seen shampoo. I think he will not go to school today. Number two, you will see on Wall way from Neiman truly found law. I think I cannot eat dinner with you guys tonight. Great. Let's see how we use Yang. Timmy. Miss someone similar to English. We would say sijang, directly followed by the subject or object. So there would be no verb following CRM in this case. Example number one. Yeah, I miss home very much. Number 2. Why CNG, what their manner? I miss my mom. 63. 15.3 Revision III - 很hěn,不是很bú shì hěn,不太bútài: Hi guys, Neiman. Less than 1503. And this is about Recession. Now let's see how we can use to link with something while something can include that below. First, adjective, second. Third, 4 senses like want, like Love. Third, auxiliary verb relating to ability, like Ken. And finally, for a, for a condition like No, I understand. We have said before from linking noun, adjective, there should be a linking word which is in-between. Example one, targets high culture. Dish is very tasty. Let's see the example for Lincoln Hutton. When verb for a census. War, true, fat goes high. It means I want to eat French food very much. So how about linking with auxiliary verb for a ability? Walmart waits thoughts, hey, it means mom can cope very well. While for linking with v0 for a condition. As at this stage, we haven't learned any word relating to cognition. We'll get back to this in future. Now, if you don't want to use to link with something, but to make things negation, we can use to link with something. While the something we'd be the things that we just mentioned. Let's start with Bu to adjective. Delegates high ball has true. It means this dish is not tasty. So how do we use to link with verb for sensors? For example, Walpole sound true fat was high. I don't want to eat French food. What about full? So link with auxiliary variable ability. So you cannot do something, for example, or mama, sorts, hi, My mom cannot cook. And again, we will leave the fool. Linkedin survived for conditions who later in future. So sometimes you don't want to say here totally not, but just not too or not vary. So there are two ways to say it. We would say for sure or bought. So now again, let's try to link or a board. Hey, what's something which somebody would be those that we just said. Great, now let's try to link both her hand or both high to adjective. Jackets high or both high. This dish is not skewed hasty. Let's try it with our senses. Walker Bush or both high fat gourds. Hey, I don't want to eat French food very much. How do we link for sure? Or I bought high to auxiliary for it relating to ability, Walmart or both high weight sorts. Hey, my mom cannot cook too well. And finally, again, we will leave talking about verb for a condition in future. 64. 15.4 New info for old words: In this lesson, we will talk about some old words, that new information for them are new word is Saussure. Hope. We learned before. Tau means small, means time. But the phrase together as a whole, which mean when young or when little. Though the characters from Saussure WHO have different tones. Normally when we say the phrase, the last character, hope, would change to be no tone. So Saussure, hope, hope. Example, Boise our shoe. How Hen Xiang yo? Me. When I was little, I wanted to have a little sister very much. We learned that Lao Shu means teacher. Do you know law on so 10ms owed? I think we have mentioned that before. So you can imagine Laos shirt Peter often are older and more experienced, right? So that's why law, meaning, Oh, this character is also included in the word Laos shirt. Example. Yeah, yeah. My grandpa from my debt side is already very old. Do you remember we learned which is student and Xiao, which is school. From both the words, there is a character which is and it means learn. This is quite easy to understand because student and school are two things that are unrelated to learn as well. For example, George, Hi, I really want to learn cooking. 65. Speaking Practice Lesson 9-15: Good. Georgia. Hello. 66. 16.1 How's the weather?: The main lesson 16 palm when topic is, how is the weather? Let's start with the word whether in Chinese we call TNT. We have learned that Tn is stay. While there is another meaning for tn, which is sky. And it often relates to air. Tnt. So now how do we describe something or the weather is cold. We say la, la, la. What about hot? We call real. Real. Real. Next word. It is a question word. On its own. It means how is it. But it can also link with other things to make it. How is something? Send me, yeah. So how do we put into the application to make how is something in English? If we say how is something in Chinese, that would be something said my young. For example, the Bab ads may Yang is, how is your dad? Another example needs in PA, banks and the Yang for a direct translation. It is you today work. How is it? So it means how is your work today? How is today's weather? They can vary code. So tn tn, cheetah, me. Yeah. I was America's weather yesterday. Follow goya. The weather is very good. Neither coach. No hot. Ian cheated me. Yeah. How is today's weather? It's too hot. 67. 16.2 How's your health?: Hi guys, welcome back. This is less than 16 HP onto the topic if it's raining. Our first character for today is come. We would say lie, lie, lie. Next word is, is a verb, rain. We call it sag, means down, and you means rain, which is the noun. Sag would become rain, but as a verb. So you can imagine like a ray going down. Yeah. Yeah, you know, will it rain smaller? Oh, no, it won't. Lie, woman. Well, Miss Wang comes to our house tomorrow. Why me? I know she won't. It's too cold outside. 68. 16.3 It's raining!: So how do we say health? To say how the word is equal to how we say body in Chinese. So we say shen key. Next word, love. We say, let's see how to say water. It is shown. Show a. Now let's see how we save food as food also contain a lot of water, right? We would say SRE or Gua. Gua. The front teeth, um, uh, yeah. How's your health? Washington with Ha-ha, plenty of Haifa. My health is not very good. The weather is too hot. The eye. The like eating fruit. Why? Yes, I do. The poetry surgery. Go to a cafe. Eat some more fruit, drink more water. Ccne, Ethan? Yes. Thank you. Dr. Here are some notes for you. You can hear the doctor said need to weigh. In fact, if you say to the four invert, it would mean do that for more. Therefore, Blucher means eight more means straight more. From the dialogue. It says, need watchers. A reminder as CIA mean sum. Therefore, poetry see a shrink law means eat some more fruit. Let's see an overall example. Need block has Diego when shrew, it means read some more Chinese books. 69. 17.1 Negation Words17: Hi guys. We will be talking about negation. So far. At this stage, we know two negation words. 1 is 0 and the other is May. And in this lesson, we will look into the differences and different applications between now and May 1st point. Both Bu and may can be used for present continuous tense. For a pool, we would use as a negation. Okay? For example, I'm not eating. That would be wall push fluids. While for using MAY in the present continuous tense, we can just mean using May as negation word, for example, and not eating again. That would be war may take a second regarding past situations is not to be used for past situations. While ME can be used for that. For example, I did not go to work. War made to shang ban. 0.3 about current and future situation. This time can be used for that, while may cannot be used for current and future situations. For example, I don't go back home or I'm not going back home. Wait. A reminder. La has a function of change of state. So it means he previously wants it to go back home, but not now. An example for features situation. I will not coat tomorrow. Boots thoughts. Hey, for if you want to talk about adjective to make it negative, Bu can be used while you put before the adjective. While it may not be used. For example, this movie is not good. Again, you can 0.5 regarding verbs for senses, ability and condition, you can use both to express the negation but not. May. Example for those flare-ups include Yang, which is want, hi, which is love. And known, which is Ken. Let's hear the application example. I'm not into coffee or I don't like drinking coffee. I heard cafe 0.6. And our last point, when there is Yo, which is half or has in the sentence, and you want to make it a negation. You just put me for it. But not super poor. For example, I don't have friends. Or maybe your Ponyo. Another example, I do not go to the store or mejor to Shandon. A very important note for you, male actually equals to May, which the both of them can be interchanged. So every time when you want to say May, it doesn't matter if you use may or Mayo. Actually, for me. It is just a short form for me. Yeah. Oh. Now it's your turn. Let's do an overall practice. For a number one, where would you put in the blank? Say saw, he's not working. And so there are 21. Bush. Second, May. In overall, we can say for sure it's a goal saw or handmade. Number 2, he didn't go back home yesterday. How would you fill in the blanks in the below had taught him. And so you can either say may or may or in overall weight? Yeah. Or had your weight. Yeah. Number three, I don't have money. Wore your Tn. The answer is May. So number 4, this book is not good job and how can the answer is full? So, job. How can number five? I don't want to go to work? The answer is, therefore, number six. I will go to school tomorrow. Chao. The answer is, therefore, Wall mean. 70. 17.2 Learning: Hi guys. This lesson 17 onto the topic is learning. Our first word in Chinese is weight. It means hello. But this will only restrict it to when you're talking on the phone. The other meaning is, hey. So this word is like the first word when you pick up or call someone on the phone. As this word is, for a tone, it would sound a little bit rude when you talk on the phone, right? Way. Yeah. So normally we would change it second home when we call someone or answering the phone. Make it way, way, way, way. The next word is learn or study. We say C, which it can be both a verb or a noun. Cse. For the word CSC, December member we also learned alone means learn or study. So what's the difference between CISC? And basically, they can be used interchangeably. However, if you use it as a verb and the word learn is at the end of sentence. Csc will be used. That's because it's the main verb and it has to be followed by some other words. Therefore, to make it learns something. Example, I love learning. Okay? You would notice the learning is at the end of sentence. So we'll see Example 2. She's studying school. However, unless learning Chinese, you can say ICSE or simply way. Hello, What are you doing? I'm reading. Hi, Yes, I can trauma. What about damning? Is he reading to Tammy is I control? He's not reading. Had ice sheets. What? He's learning to cook Chinese food. 71. 17.3 I Like...: This is lesson 7, topic. Let's learn our first word. Like we say C. C. C. Next word, television. We say DNE. For it. Did. We have said that it means electricity. And now shrew actually means fission. So Is TV. Next, let's see how we say sleep. Cao. Cao. Cao. Similar to CSC and sweat from shades out, the main FIB is schwa. So again, SRP has to be followed by some other words. Therefore, when sleep is placed at the end of sentence, the whole verb shade will be used. For example, was phage hung. See you while fluids yell, I like sleeping a lot. Was Toile, I guess. Yeah. I slept for ten hours. So what he needs adsorption manner. What were you doing yesterday morning? I was sleeping. How about you? What's eye candy? Insuring them? I was watching TV. Ecn plank from pH Shama, guild-like watching TV. Will push you one. Was you, Juan County and yelled, No, I don't. I like watching movies. 72. 17.4 Making phone calls: Guys Lehman, this is less than 17 pounds for it is about making phone calls. Our first word, it means GIF or four. We say gaa, gaa, gaa. Next word, telephone. We say in law as thin means electricity and actually means verbal where it's yeah. Yeah. Next word, it has two meanings. First, it means HIT or strike. Second. It means call, but only on the phone. So this would be the verb only relating to call someone on the phone. We say bad. Therefore, if we want to say call on the phone or make phone calls, we would say the phrase bad, bad, bad. Regarding making phone calls back DEA 1. Now let's learn a few ways to say making phone calls for someone or calling somebody. First way that gay. So the sentence structure is like when you say you make a phone call to somebody, for example, will wait bad. It means I will give a call to my grandpa from debt side. Next example was Batman. I have given a call to my parents. Second way, we would say gay. Someone. That one. For this sentence structure is like when you say you give someone a phone call. Example, walkway. That means I'll give me grandpa from debt side a call. Next example, War. I have given their parents a call. Final way. It is actually the short form for the above two. We simply say that gay. So we can simply take that gave the sport as in call somebody. And that's it. For example. Way back a war, yea, yea. I'll call my grandpa from dad side. Another example. What that bam. I have caused my parents. Therefore, please remember if you want to say you call somebody, you always say back gay. Because if you just say that it means hit, but then you can say make a phone call as in bat. Next word, it is an expression word. We will learn in a minute how to use it. It has no tone, so we say bang, bang, bang. Now let's see the function or introduction of Ban. Isn't expression. It can be put at the end of statements or question. For statement, the purpose is to lighten or solved in the tone for commands or giving suggestions. For example, qui mi mama. Listen to what your mom says. In this case, it is like a suggestion. At the same time, it is a command that you try to soften the tone. For the function of bar for a question, it is like you assume something and then seeking for a confirmation at the end by suggesting, is that right? For example, me see When you like reading books, right? Zhang Lao Shu is 8006721 teacher Jones phone number. I know her number is 868 32. How great. I'll call her now. He's working now. Call her in the afternoon. So here are some notes for you. Then one means phone, but we can also use good ha, as phone number. So if you would like to learn that long form for phone number, let's learn number now. Number in Chinese. How man. A reminder. Do you remember we have learned how before in our date chapter. Yes. How is a short form for a number? How Matt how math. Therefore for the long form for phone number, it is given. Let's hear an example. The non-game. Need that again. Can you give me your phone number? My phone number is 0123456. 73. 18.1 Buying apples: This is less than 18. The topic is about, let's start with our first word. Apple. We say Peel. Peel. Next word. How do we say things or stuff? We say, don't see. For your information. Don't zone means the direction. While for a C on it, so we would say first tone. So it means west. Don't see. Let's look at the word. Don't see. It used very carefully. So you can actually link it with any verb. So you would say the first and then don't see. For example, true, don't see means eat stuff, but you can just consider it as eat. Next example may see it means by or buy stuff. While. It means string or drink stuff. Next word, it means a little bit. It is used for amount. In Chinese, it has three characters. Dn are. However, while we say it, we have to link the last two characters together. Let's look at either. It means a little bit of an amount similar to you don't see. It can be placed after verbs and make it do a little bit of that. For example, to eat a little bit by a little bit, is drink little bit. So again, shampoo, Nietzsche nabla. Where did you go yesterday morning? Why don't the sila? I went to buy in the shop. What did you buy? I bought some apples. 74. 18.2 Did you see him?: Welcome back. This is lesson 18. The topic is, you see him? Let's see our first word. It means able to see. We say ten, cn. If you still remember, can't see or read or watch. While also means C, but together they would mean able to see. So when do we use it? Together is a verb. And for what you said, when we want to say we actually see something or we probably see bad thing. Yeah. Let's see what's so special about. Can see it is slightly different from Ken or it's sin, which they both mean. C can see and together has an implication of seeing something properly or seeing something clearly or able to see. For example, Leila, I saw Lilly yesterday. Another example, need. Are you able to see it or did you see it? Next word, come back. We say lie as way means return. And lie means come together means comeback. Way lie. Next character, it means turn on open or start. We say Next. Let's see how we say car or a vehicle. It's tall. Cha Cha. Cha means vehicle. Together means drive. That's because you start a car, isn't it? Tai chi? The GCC, Saudi congeal law, constitutional law. Yes. He has gone to learn driving. When he sees able to come back. He will come back after 14 minutes. 75. 18.3 She bought many clothes!: Hi guys, welcome back. This is lesson 1873. The topic is, she bought many close. Let's learn how we say Clouds. It's Eve, fool. However often we would say the second character as no tone. So it is E for, for yi fu, it normally does not mean the bottoms. So it will either include the whole outfit or just Tops. Ii for E4. Next word, it means a lot. We say how it's come from as full means not. And shop means little. Boucher means not. Little boy shot for shot. Now let's see some examples about how you use. For. The first example was yellow. I don't see. I learned a lot or I learned a lot of things. Tv specific. Next example. Watch UFO, don't see a lot, or I ate a lot of things. Final character for today, it is an expression, word ends. We will learn how to use it later. We say, ah, ah, ah. Now let's move to learn the function of it is an expression and it can be used in both statements or questions. And this expression would be placed at the end of sentences. So when used in a statement, actually we provide a sense of exclamation or passionate tone. For example, gel. This is very good. Next example. He really like studying. Final example while mom and my mom cooks very well. So what about using for questions? So we can simply put at the end of questions or statements to make it sound like a curious question. Example. Needs them a banner. How come you don't go to work? You don't have money to see the doctor. Next example. You cannot drive. Shall we found that outfit is so pretty sure for yes, he bought many clouds. Me manager, MLA. What did you buy? While May just see it. Ocher cell phone that Dorsey, I didn't buy anything. These are all CL Fung's stuff. Now, there are some notes for you regarding the reply. Shari'a, as shrew is used to agree or confirm on things which shrew is yes. While for when you some statement, we said that it provides a sense of eighth claymation, therefore, will be used in a way that you want to say yes when you agree on something, but with an exclamation or passionate sound. Now let's see how we can use it. For example, Person a says, team Qin, Qin Shi Huang Hall. Today's weather is very nice. And B can reply. Sure. Yes, which is to agree. Nick's example, Person a says, Kagan high hot LA. She's such a nice person, which is, her personality is so good or too good. And person B can reply as to agree, meaning yes. 76. 19.1 Take the taxi: This is lesson 9. First word, how do we say taxi? Three characters. For your information. Tool actually means out. So actually means rent. And as you know, it means car or a vehicle. Do you remember the meaning for its saw? It means sit. However, soul apart for meaning sit. It also means the action. The four take the transportation. Because whenever you take the transportation, usually sit there, right? As char is vehicle, we often use soy as a phrase to mean take transportation. Though, this phrase doesn't specify which type of transportation you are taking. Next word, it means restaurant. Or as some regions in China, they would call it hotel. It's sun dn. As you know, sun means rise or Neil. And the ID is stored. Fen Dn, dn. Next word, it means together, we say. And within a sentence would be put before the activity. Because it is like how you do the activity, right? Final word, it means arrive or till. It is Dao. Dao. Dao. The main shoots, I'm alive and gender. How did you get to the restaurant? While many sheets or 22. We came my taxi. What about you? I drove to here with my friend. You should have noticed from the dialogue, it often has the phrase, blah, blah, blah. That includes Neiman shoots the My Lai Fan De Anza. While men sheets or true, true, true. Allied. War, polio, eat sushi k collider. Now I'm going to introduce you to sure that the combination with this combination, it actually emphasize the content in between shrew. And therefore you would use in the way that you would say the topic first, followed by shirt. And then the thing that you want to focus on and the sentence would end with the pseudo topic can be anything. It doesn't have to be like normal structure saying the subject first. But it could be a subject or an object or anything you would give comment later on. For example, in the dialogue, the person said, Neiman sheets and my life and the NDA. So the focus would be so at my life and the end. Therefore, the question's asking. It says, by what method that you guys came to the restaurant. Well, from the dialogue reply says, woman should saw 22. We came by taxi. So again, the focus is so true, true, true, ally? So actually it is saying it is by taking the taxi that we came to hear. Wild. Next reply says was through her polio ET hi Caroline. I drove to here with my friend. And the focus this time, her palm, your ET kcal lie. So the sentence actually means it test by driving the car with a friend that I came here. Let's see some more additional example or shirts what he thought I arrived yesterday. So this time the focus is sought in thought. Arrived yesterday. So we actually means in chest yesterday. That's when I came to see you. He does like me. So the emphasis goes to C. So it actually means he does like me, or it has that he likes me. Josh for war might though, the focus is war Mac. This is bought by me. So actually just saying, who bought it? Joshua's sandwich. So the focus is sand bag quite mad. This is bought as 300 Renminbi. So this time we're just saying this thing is at 300 Renminbi that's bought it. 77. 19.2 Take the flight: Let's see our first word, airplane or flight. It is say t. For your information. Say actually means fly and C means device or machine. Fake, fake Gaussian relation in one shot. It's very nice to meet you, Mr. Wang. Yes, you need red Gaussian. Very nice to meet you to think multi-issue issues or fatty live aging that I heard messaging said you took the flight to Beijing. Sure that yes. Now let's see what team for means from the character you may already know. It means you hurt. Somebody said, for example, war. Both ha ha. It means I heard that your grandma's from mom side health is not to well, if you would like to specific the person who said it, you can add the name after, before. Sure. Some may get hurt. That person said, for example, what Lao Shu routine, CSER law. I heard Lolly said that the teacher is not coming to school today. Now let's move to discuss the reply. Sure. As shrew means yes. When it put at the end of sentence, it has the function to produce a confirming sound. Therefore, shirt is like, Yes, you agree on what the President says with a confirming sound. For example, the boss says, Nemean Zao, Shang Ban comes away earlier tomorrow. And the staff replies saying it means yes, but it has to confirming sound. 78. 19.3 University Schoolmates: Hi guys. This is lesson 9 and the topic is University School. Me. A brief reminder about slim words. For small. We say middle, It's Joan and vague. We say. Now let's see how we say primary school. It's Cao. Cao. Cao. Secondary school, job. Joel share, Jones, University. And measure how when says, you know, mislead woman shoe that Arlene yarn yet Gioia issue that we met in September 2012. Where did you guys meet? Woman? Should I show you that? We met at school. Partial would attach you at Thomas. She was my university schoolmate. Let's see some notes from the dialogues. Do you remember the shirt, the combination that we learned from this dialog? Linear Shu Shu Shen measure Hall, Yes, sure that the content between true and that is Shen measure Hall. Therefore, it's a focus. It's what we want to emphasize in the question. And overall the English would become it just when you add mislead knew each other. Let's see another dialogue. The guy answers, while men, Sure, I'll see you as Eileen. The Iranian Revolution is between shrew and therefore it's a focus in English term. It is. And September 2012, back where we knew each other. How about next dialog? Neiman CY not really sure that although you would notice shrew is not there, it's just hidden amines. I would still have the effect from shrewd and then I'll let you know the focus would go to Zai, not really sure. Therefore, English would become it is where that you guys knew each other. And finally from dialogue. While men, she says she SRA, sure though. So the focus between true and that is so the English would be, is it's framed school that we knew each other. 79. 20.1 Preparing you to Next Level l - 见(jiàn), 见面(jiànmiàn), 一/有点儿(yì / yǒu diǎnr), 多(duō), 少(shǎo): Hi guys, Lehman. Flies. We have already reached the last lesson. In this series. It is to consolidate. Now let's start with the word sin. We already know it means C. So how do we say, See you next week? See you next Tuesday. Let's see the example. Swagger saying C-loops, cn means See you next Saturday. Woman. Can We'll see or meet each other on Tuesday? Now let's see how we can form new words by using the words that we know. C it means see, while, Min means phase. So CAN mean it's meat. It is like meet face-to-face. Do see, remember the sentence structure rule that we learned before. In fact. Otherwise a verb, it is like an activity in that rule. Therefore, when you use it, plays it at the action position. With that said, please remember when you say Tiananmen, you would say a and B. But never say a jianmian be. This is a very common mistake. For example, woman shag jianmian haha, let's meet next Sunday. Is that good? Moving on. E that we know it means a little bit of an amount. However, if we want speak, fess II can be removed when he follows other words. Let's see an example. True that dong CBA eater bit. Next example. Need to read a bit more books. After you're looking at. Now let's look at your IT also mean a little bit. But what's the difference? It is used for intangible things. Usually we replace Joe that before it, adjectives or adverbs for census. For example, see when. For example, while yo Darcy when tan, I kind of like her, it means like her a little bit. Let's look at some more example. Xiang, Xiang Ban, I kind of don't want to go to work. He's a bit tired today. Final part for today. Firm versus Shaw verb. When we say door before a verb, it means do that for more, or shop before a verb, it means do that less. Let's see some example. It means drink more water. Near shock hanky issue. Watch less TV. 80. 20.2 Preparing you to Next Level II - 没/有 (méi/yǒu), 好啊 (hǎo a): Welcome back. Lehman Hall. This is less than 2017. Let's see some more applications for Chinese courts increases. Great. Let's start with the opposite of May 0, which is your, as you know, may yo can be used in past situations. Therefore, your, which is the opposite of mayo, can also indicate the past situations. Let's see how we can use it. Water Johnson, your shang ban. It means my husband, dead goats who work. Next while she can eat from. My son did go to seed a doctor. Speaking of past tense, let's see how we can reply no in binary question relating to pass situations previously learned, we use a negation word plus a verb. See me know. Now as we know, ME Yau also indicate past situations. So we can use it to mean no and reply the binary question. Let's see an example for a question. Nice USE to as hell man. Did you learn to cook? For? Answer? If you want to say no, you can't have two ways. May suit, which is the negation word plus the verb. Or simply may yo. We have learned before to apply to a binary question. Just say yes, you would repeat the verb. And to say no, you simply say the negation word plus a verb. But I'm here to tell you this is not really the case for a present continuous binary question. What are present continuous question? For example, needs I see a hand. Are you writing Chinese now? It just like question asking, what are you doing now? For these kind of questions? If you would like to say Yes, you may want to say Sure. As we have learned before. Sure. As a reply is used to mean yes. When you want to confirm or I agree on a sentence. And to say no, you may want to use Bosch or may fail. To act as a reminder, we have learned that before. If you want to say the negative form for present continuous tense, you can either say Bushehr or in May, right? As we all know, may actually equals to 0. Therefore, if you want to reply to these questions, that would be the answer. In previous lesson, we learned how we would reply by saying, sure on. Now let's learn how we would reply by saying how. As a reminder, HA, is good. So therefore, it means shore provides a sense of exclamation or a passionate sound. Therefore, is adding exclamation or passionate sound. For example, Person a says, Woman, ET to allow for pizza. Let's go see your teacher has placed together if you apply how it means. Sure, are okay with a keen town. One more example. Knees sound, oo sound. Can Daniel, do you want to go watch movie? If you reply saying, ha, it means Sure. Okay. While sounding keen. 81. 20.3 Preparing you to Next Level III - 怎么了(zěnmele),这么(zhènme),那么(nàme),些(xiē),早(zǎo),晚(wǎn): Hi guys, welcome to lesson 23. Let's start by learning a new term. Send my law. We know that Sam Yang means how is it? So what is MLA? It means what's up, what's going on, what's wrong? Let's see an example. Meeting can't sense. It means What's wrong with you today. Now let's learn new words from old or it's drama. It means this or that. But mind you, it is not the direction this or that, but means fairy or so. Just like English, that is pretty that much. With that said, drama or enamel are usually placed before adjectives, verbs for a census and ability. Also, it would give a sense of emphasis when you say it. And mind you, jama and SnapGramr can use interchange employee. Let's see some examples to make it more clear. Since summer trauma manga, how come it's this or so BC today. Next, warn you are my daughter has junk that are so much milk. Let's revise the word CA, which means sum or a few. It can be put after verbs. For example, needs OT in solar radiation. It means What did you do yesterday, but it also implies what things did you do yesterday? Let's move on to revise saw ends when apart from meaning morning and night, respectively, it can also mean early and late respectively. Let's see how we use it. Example, MY team shy away from Salary dot all arrive or come earlier tonight. Next, while a Ponyo way, either way, my friend will arrive a bit later. 82. 20.4 Preparing you to Next Level IV - New Use of Old Words: Hi guys, Lehman Hall, which is the last video for the whole series. Let's start with the character Tong. We learned it from the word Syria, which means classmate. Wild tone itself means same. When we want to same, same one, same person or same anything. The way with B, same one. Therefore, the Chinese way would be tone, IGA, something. Let's see an example. Same person. We say tone. Again. Same school. Tony goes CSER, same computer. Deanna, and same one. We simply say tone Nika. Let's learn a new word, which is cinema. We say, da un. How is it formed? Because the end yield means movie. And you recognize the UN. It is un, un, which is hospital. So UL is place related. The anion un. Now let's move to the word Ponyo, which is friend. Let's see how we can form some new words with it. Reminder, CEDAW means small. Nan means male, nude, female. So shall postpone your wishes. Small friend means kits, and then Ponyo means boyfriend. While new polio is girlfriend. Let's see, another new word formed. Family people. Reminder means how's home or family, while gen means people. So what is geography? Family people. For example. Again, I love my family. So yeah, Ren is specifically referring to people in your family. Moving line. Let's see how we say go in and come in. As we learn. Scheme is enter. Two, is go, lie is come. So keen to actually means go in. Well, I mean come in. So how about go back to or a comeback? As we learned. Way means return or back. While we just mentioned before, she is go and lie is come. So way too is go back to you. Lie is come back. Finally, our topic using her, which is end when linking with three or more items. Similar to English, who is only plays right before the last item. Therefore, for example, my family has father, mother, younger brother, and me. In Chinese we say baba, mama, didi. Congratulations for completing the course. Now you can do more practices. I hope you enjoy the course and see you next level. 83. Speaking Practice Lesson 16-20: Yes. Hello. Hello.