Chess Openings: Attack the King with the Ponziani | Greg Vanderford | Skillshare

Chess Openings: Attack the King with the Ponziani

Greg Vanderford, Knowledge is Power!

Chess Openings: Attack the King with the Ponziani

Greg Vanderford, Knowledge is Power!

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14 Lessons (3h 6m)
    • 1. Lesson 1 Ponziani Introduction

    • 2. Lesson 2 f5 Variation

    • 3. Lesson 3 Nf6 Variation

    • 4. Lesson 4 Knight Sacrifice Variation

    • 5. Lesson 5 Bishop Sacrifice Variation

    • 6. Lesson 6 Nb8 Variation

    • 7. Lesson 7 Tactics in the Ponziani

    • 8. Lesson 8 Advanced Pawn Variation

    • 9. Lesson 9 Taking Advantage of the Pin

    • 10. Lesson 10 Best Play by Black

    • 11. Lesson 11 B4 Variation

    • 12. Lesson 12 Activating Pieces with Tempo

    • 13. Lesson 13 The Principle of the Two Weaknesses

    • 14. Lesson 14 Converting Your Winning Position

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About This Class

The Ponziani is one of the oldest and most aggressive openings in Chess. It has been all but forgotten largely because it is no longer used regularly at the highest super Grandmaster levels.

But if you're rated anywhere below 2600, the Ponziani is a very useful weapon against your unsuspecting opponents, especially in blitz as you aggressively attack the king forcing your opponents to use up more time on the clock!

This weapon is effective for many reasons, not least of which is the fact that very few players know what to do against it, which almost always leads to a big attack for white.

In this course, you will learn how to dominate your opponent with this very powerful attacking weapon! 

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Greg Vanderford

Knowledge is Power!


My courses are designed based on my many years as a teacher and student of education and business. I hold a master's degree in curriculum and instruction and have been designing curricula for over a decade.

The business, language, and chess courses that I have built are a reflection of this experience and dedication to education. My goal is to reach as many people as possible with my courses, which is why I have chosen the internet as my ideal mode of delivery.

The following is a little more about my expertise and background. I was born and raised in Sandpoint, Idaho. I attended the University of Idaho where I earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration in 2004. After a few years in the work force as an account manager I moved to Vietnam where I lived for over 5 ... See full profile

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1. Lesson 1 Ponziani Introduction: So the Ponzi on is a very little used little known opening, which is pretty surprising when you start to use it and see how effective it is, how easy it is to play and a big advantage that you get out of it. Basically, if Black doesn't play the most critical line, which I will show you in the course, of course. Then he find himself with lots of complexities to deal with and a big problem straight out of the opening. Now, talking about a lot Mike forces. This is particularly hard for your opponent to deal with in a blitz game. Most of it we play online, and now blitz or rapid right, 10 minute games, 15 minute games and things like that. That's a really short amount of time. Historically, for chest normally that game, the traditional games are an hour Perseid along orm or back in the day. They would often play for several hours at a time two hours per sides, that you could think deeply about your games course. Now everything is being shortened or more, and we don't have as much time well supposed to play chess, so anything that will help you in blitz is going to be very, very useful upon Ziani is particularly useful in blitz because the faster you can make strong moves, the more pressure it was on your opponent to make mistakes. If they feel like they're constantly behind on the clock, they're gonna make worse news. So choosing these openings that you know really well when you play blitz helps you aton because you have the clock on your side most of the time and you're making the best use most of time. So a lot of this is probably really familiar with playing the Italian, which at this point would go bishop toe, see four or playing a Spanish to have a course on as well, which was bishop to be five was We're all really strong. Open for white, one of the first opened. We often learn and chest in the situations by the night, out to sea three with just four nights opening and use, the black knight will come out as well is very symmetrical things like that. But the Ponzi Yanni is When you put this move here upon to see for you, why don't you don't get the Bishop out yet and this move. It's a very simple move, but what it does It supports this push at some point to play the Pond two d four and strike in the center immediately. And so it's very rapid. Mobilization is a very good move, and it also stops night coming down now. The nights probably not gonna be coming down immediately anyway. But this pond move here. Basically, it does multiple things and it's very flexible. And the great thing about the Pond Ziani is that most people don't know how to play very well. For example, to move that's supposed to play the best move, I'll tell you guys right away is to immediately play D five for Black and striking the center. So it's like a preemptive strike to not allow us to get this ideal Senate that we're going for. But what 90% of players will do it is actually quite a week, will result by the night out because it seems like a logical thing to do. You attack this pond, you're getting a piece out kind of with temple because phones not defended and it looks like, you know, like normal, it's helping you to get a castle position going earlier. But actually, it hurts you by not developing this pond, striking the center and getting your pieces out. So for us organise we're gonna mealy play g four and we're gonna let him take this pawn. But we're gonna We can react by getting upon back one of two or three different ways and then also getting some momentum in the position of putting our opponent and defensive position. This is really all we want out of the opening, especially the blitz game on your opponent is a little bit confounded our freshmen in the beginning or not really sure what to do. It means they're gonna have to stop and think if they don't stop and think carefully, they can easily get checkmated or lose material and lose the game right away. So they have to stop and think. And that puts you in a position of being able to blitz on your moves quickly, get a good position pretty much every single game. Unless you're playing an opponent that has a really high rating. Most of time, they're gonna play this move Knight to F six and they're gonna fall into your hands. And so first we'll look at the obvious. If they take this pawn, what can happen? So there's a couple of do, um, I'm going to show you the moves, and then we're gonna go over these various variation and move orders throughout the course so we can see what we can do as white to attack black in the most powerful way, depending on what they do. So the first thing to do, we can simply takes pawn back right here, right now and then we have a pawn in the center and we have multiple lines. Open toe bishops, you notice we have a very free flowing position and we have this critical C three pond in a spot that restricts their night and is that will be really easy to attack here. White is going to have a good position if they play this and lots of things that we can do a lot of ways that we can play for a new attack. Notice that because of the nature of his position, blacks, ponds are all flush. Haven't moved yet. Nothing has really developed seven this night, which is kind of over extended its bishop, which can can get out. And so black is kind of already behind a little bit by playing this way. But another thing we could do Sibling. That move is we can kick this night from its perch, which could be very effective. And since he can't go to before, I'm going Teoh be five despite risky putting his night on the rim and then later on in this pond moves, he can lose his night replay move like Queen a four check and the night will have no nothing to do to save itself. It's tough to go back to see six to block object, but upon here we will win apiece. That's very dangerous thing to do, or he can go back. And you could block himself in blocking this bishop and basically impede his development by attacking this pond, which is defended, and it's gonna take black a few moves to kind of untangled. They could maybe to place upon out and try toe, get our pawn, moved away and develop. But a lot of those moves will lead to a unnatural, very dangerous position. We, on the other hand, have a lot of different choices because simply take this pond back immediately, at which point, you know, they might do something like kick our night back and noticed that the only piece that has really developed here is now the official can get out of this pond stuck in the center. So we already have more space. We can look at the freedom in things like playing Queen, the three leading take a night taking this night or we get something of our night back attack his night later, Despondent, offended. We have more space, We have more developed pieces, and he's kind of trying to already untangle his positions. We'll look at how that position might continue throughout the course instead of taking this , um, upon immediately, we can also do something like just develop more pieces. We can't put the bishop here in tech tonight because then because that could take this pawn . See, if you do it, we could take tempo. We could take this night so we can't do that so we can to get our bishop out here with a nice tempo. And if he tries to not move the night by doing something like defend with this pond Now he's opening his king up to danger. He hasn't castle yet. We can attack the night with our clean. Actually, no. We're going to go. Eventually, he's gonna have to back up either way. And we're still gonna take this pond. Now. Only now it's very, very dangerous trip. And this is just the nature of the ponds. Yoni. Almost everything black does. If they don't play d five right away like I showed you, it leads Teoh a cramped position and a dangerous position for the King. So this is a very, very typical sort of scenario that you have in a policy on notice that all of our pieces are active and we were already ready to Castle were attack formation and last point to be playing defense. This entire game not always is always pretty much what we want in chess. But in blitz, especially when you're the attacker and the material is equal, you're going to have an advantage simply because of the clock. You're bringing 10 minute game and your opponent has to think very, very carefully about each moves so he doesn't lose and you're blitzing out. Strong move that are easy to play because you know the opening, you're gonna win a lot more games and your chest ratings and go up 100 or 200 points very, very rapidly. I play the ponds, you honey all the time against the low rated opponents because they're not prepared for it . And I'm against also a pretty strong opposition. I say pretty strong opposition. I mean up to the 1617 100 chess rating level once you up into the 1819 100 ratings. And of course, is varies because each website is different. Each alot rating is gonna be different, depending on the pool of players that it applies to. Some websites have inflated ratings, so 17 1800 is not all that strong. But normally, if you got to about 1718 100 elo rating, then players will usually be well versed in the Opens will probably know the pond. Ziani will probably know to play 85 at the Do play 85 and they can get a good position against you. And you're gonna have ah, good struggle. You're gonna have an equal game. But even so you know, that's not that bad of a thing have unequal struggle. Most of the time you get an advantage, and that's a big deal. So we'll stop it there for this lesson and the next us and we will continue, look at a few different alternatives and go more and more deeply into how why it could take advantage of each move order that Black may decide to play. 2. Lesson 2 f5 Variation: what movie to look at in the last listenable look at now is the sharpest way that black can reply. I showed you the best. New is a blade defy, which leads to a good position for Black. The sharpest, later playing the most aggressively, is basically a call a counter gambit. So this opening upon killing is considered a gavit simply because by us plenty five. Letting the night take his pawn. We're giving away upon it. We immediately get upon back, so it's not really like a true again. It's just like the queen's gambit, where you are going it up on back home no matter what, because otherwise your opponent will give up too much to keep the pond. You know what you're doing. So it's called a gamma because you give away upon right away. But really, it's not so much a gambit at all if you know what you're doing, because you're gonna get upon back pretty much for sure. A game like the King's gambit with the Evans gambit you're truly giving up upon for rapid development and and a potential attack and this one, Um, it's not a story. The case. So when black plays F five right now, right away. This is considered to be a counter gambit and it's very, very aggressive. And, you know, we can choose to take this pawn and then black probably something like kick our night kind of turn the tables on It's not going anywhere for us to go separate back to our starting position on G one or go Teoh Defour which case he can attack us kind of mess up our ponds and then develop from there. So at this point, black is down. Um, upon but notice our position is really quite bad. And, you know, we simply will leave you wanna castle and target this pawn? But black will now have pretty good development here. Let's see if we can we do something like this about you. Could even you can defend this pawn attack our bishop of tempo And he's got a really strong center. So this would not be good for us, is white. You take this pawn when he makes his counter attack, we will simply defendant and look to strike in the side. So this is a pretty good response for black. But whenever you play a gamut like this is some one of the king's gambit where you moved upon in front of the King out. It's going to very dangerous for you if your opponent plays correctly or plays well. So, for example, a simple thing to do here is to just play the three and defend. Now, if he takes here, we take back and we're still gonna have an advantage simply because we have a stronger conversion. For example, a city like this. Now he's missing this important pawn. That's gonna be defensive peace. And whereas we're not, he may do something like this and continue to sort of attack our center. I just noticed that this is very, very sharp play for Black, and it looks like he's kind of pushing us back a little bit. But he's opening himself up to all kinds of counterattacks later on. Once the dust sort of settles here, I mean, even if he simply just continue to take things that even trades are clean off, she will happen. If do this, then maybe just challenge us here. We're going. Teoh still have more rapid development of pieces, and we just got a kind of be careful. Does he keep kicking us back? Now, if you place give me with this part, Yeah, Two nights on it. And he sort of stalls out Not so easy going at this fish about because they were nice people here and we're gonna have a sharp, sharp position. But why? It's going to be fine. And we're gonna end up having a good game. Although this line does kind of highlight the fact that maybe planets with 92 isn't the best, because once he takes the trade Queens and force us to lose our ability to castle. So after looking at that, I think that we probably don't want to play 92. We want to actually this case, we can simply take this point with either our queen or upon because it's defended by the queen. So that's what we would do in this case. And you can take this. He's going back, and then we would win this part. So actually, in this case, just being really, really good for what? That's why we analyze these positions. So he's actually not going toe want Go five, These three. We played the three here. He's not going to want to take up on and then play d five. This just highlights perfectly the danger of him being too aggressive like this. He's not developing his pieces and he's trying to fight back against our aggression in the center. And then it backfires because you can't see that move because we can just take upon. And so he had to do something much more tame, like maybe play d six instead and are now our position is going to flow. Bring nicely when you think bishop out and take aim at its diagonal with this pond and now missing. And then when you castle And then we're trying going to try to exploit this weakness. But just look and see what might happen. Uh, we do this. We don't counsel right away. Necessarily. Because now this ponds not defended. So we could do something. Just get a fishbowl you can take upon all right, cause penned. It was his queen. So gets bishop out. Well, Castle. But here's the thing. He can't castle yet because of our bishop, and that's quite annoying. So he's not to resort to things like trying toe trade off our bishop, which is distracting him from his development. That's making it. So you know, we could either back up. Let's take our pension within our queens and come out and continue to be annoyance and impeded his development. Oregon Tucker, Bishop away. Let him Castle. He'll still have this weakness. But just see if we simply do this, he decided to say Okay, well, that especially knowing I'm gonna take it. But we're gonna be back with Queen, which does the same thing. You can't take his bishop out here and block us to basically take it. And if he did do that, even if it could, he would leave this pond undefended. So black is, as we see often time to the pond. Ziani left in a situation where he's trying to untangle while we are not okay. So you could say Well, in this case it is with upon say, we treat off pieces rook over vacuum you can't defend this night this pawn If he wants toe Bennett with the bishop, you can know getting upon backs he doesn't actually win upon were the aggressor with one that has a queen defending here. Um, you can get away with castling But now he's under some pressure here. And we have a good, uh, position. We can do things like, essentially, we're night here using tactics. Loser night. But when it back because the queen, maybe he'll Tucker. All right, we have a really sharp line, but we're gonna be the one that is going to do as long as we play. Well, you play carefully. We're gonna be the one that has an advantage that has a lot more upper Tootie's here. Okay, so just one example. And I just made those moves, um, looking just to see what might happen just without doing too much of a deep analysis If we allow him to take our bishop Another thing we could do instead of allowing him Teoh, take our bishop cause we can move back. Depends on which is slightly mawr. Uh, conservative. All right, We'll see. Because of this f bone being going because of the aggressive way that black reacted, we're going to have an advantage at some point in the games. He just is about patients not gonna always immediately be able to get some advantage. Gotta wait until that advantage manifests itself with black. Does here is kind of overextend himself. He allows us to consolidate position and he has the weakest. We don't have any weaknesses. He's trying to develop where our development happens very naturally. Simply get our pieces out. And he's trying to cover up his weakness for us, since he has to keep this lights word bishop on these life squares to defend his king and defend basically the weakness of the light squares. It makes sense for us at some point to target this bishop and try to trade off our bishop. For that, that one, our lights were bishop. Or if we can trade off one of our nights, um, for the light square Bishop. So that's something that we want to think about. I think it was a very clear goal in a way to get a strategic advantage will be looking for ways to trade off that bishop and then therefore exploited his weakness on the lightsquared's due to the lack of the pawn right there. So one thing you might do is is good, are clean out and prepare something like playing Knight to C four, which if he takes it and we take it, we would be successfully able. Teoh, trade off the lights. Where? Bishop? That's our idea. Okay, Blast, continuing to try to develop his pieces may simply want to stuff like this and push this pawn forward into the center right away. But you can't do that because we can take it upon 25 with our or night so it doesn't quite work. And again, this has to do with the fact that Seth Jones missing and his weakest is making him play his position in a certain way. And even though it looks like his pieces are tangled, this is a week position. It's a weak position having this pond gone and his night is displaced here. He was trying Teoh, get rid of our bishops so that he could Castle, who's successful in doing so in this case. But now is 9 11 is on the room we sent out on the rim is dim or not on the grams Grim. It's a week place like to the is vulnerable because not protected. So maybe a lot of things we're gonna do it might be simply put this pawn on C six. He defending his night now his queen and he's helping to develop a push to the center even though we still can't do it until this pawn is defended. And he has to think about these things every single move in order to not lose upon or a lot , not those material. Whereas our position is much simpler to play example. We go here and A Z said, if he takes it making a trade where were now threatening to trade off his bishop and the only way you can avoid it, it's to do something like this, in which case we can see how it plays out. What'll happen is we're gonna get this pawn did so he avoids the trade. See, we have this move with the RUC over. Can't take our bishop because the queen of spend, you know, in order for him to break the he could do something like this. Attack our bishop and they're gonna win upon because we can take this tonight. Now we get it is Paul because we have it defended its living attacks by one, and, uh, he decides to simply trade it off. We want upon and chest. If you're a good player and you convert you know, the gain of upon while also having a better position, Um, and also having an advantage in the clock because most of them playing blitz and we're good at these openings, then that should be enough for you to win the game. So in this case, in this particular variation in this line, it may not seem like we're crushing our opponent. But it's just one example of how they play inaccurately or not the best way. We're gonna have a better position over a little material on notice, but only every up upon. But the pollen that they have left is an isolated pawn they're going to have to defend. So it's another weakness. And now they have two weeks is they've got a weaker king than us because f pollen being missing and they have an isolated upon which is no a clear target for us. Right now. We have three pieces attacking it, and he may simply try to treat all of our pieces. But if you know anything about chest, you know that if you're down material, even one pawn trading pieces off unless your king is under immediate attack, is not a smart thing to do because you're actually helping your opponent to, uh, get down to fewer pieces to an end game. That will be a winning endgame for your opponent's opponent's simply trying to keep trading . Then we will room lodge, just show you if you just tried to trade everything down. The way this is gonna work out is now we have a pawn advantage, and your opponent has because we don't have. This is now that is not guarantee a victory, but super check. He didn't have a backs of back rank meeting threat now because once you're kings over like this, then at some point you get a look or a queen back here, then potentially there's a checkmate and something another weakness. We have a much, much better position, and the Black Black can't simply do something like try to trade Queens here because he's got defend his palm. And that's our big strength is that we can target this pawn and he has to continue to defend this pot, so it's a winning position. We simply have to convert it, and that's one example of what can happen if your opponent plays very sharply Place F by beginning like this and we still be Ah, defend and play naturally for the rest of game, we end up with an advantage. Okay, so the next lesson will look at variations. 3. Lesson 3 Nf6 Variation: you know, I'm gonna show you guys, move. That is a clear trapped in the pond. Ziani that if black is not careful, they simply got a piece of the very beginning and basically lose the game. If we get this point where the night goes ahead and takes upon it and saw before and we push this pawn forward and kick the night off if he isn't careful, he just something like he goes to a five to decide. Maybe thinking that he could defend this night with playing t three. Um, excuse me. See six or I'm not sure what is the benefit? Doesn't want to back out. Basically, we have this move clean. A four were attacking both nights. Nice. Can't defend each other. And I'm gonna lose a piece of his night backs up. We really this night can pick up, because if it goes to see six we take it upon on this night, have been moved into safety. We could take this night and he's gonna lose a piece. There's nothing you can do about it. So if the night goes to a five after we kick it here with upon that, he's gonna lose that piece because his queen move queen 84 and has lots of little tricks and traps that will happen in the Ponzi awnings we'll see throughout the course. And so, which is basically a minefield for Black. If they don't play D five right away later on in, the course will go through a whole lesson our two and see that a black place de five. You get a really equal good position, which is why the Ponzi honey is not used very much of the highest level play. Grandmasters usually don't use the Ponzi on, and they tend to go to the root hope as the Spanish Italian. Things like that because the highest level play black plays the right lines. It's usually pretty easy to equalize, so why would Why would they choose it, however, hit Karnak, Amira and 2007 used this at a major tournament and won with it, so it's still used as a surprise weapon by the most aggressive super grandmasters effectively, just not a very common league. Okay, so there's a there's a quick trap for you so again, once you play D five here, kick this night, he doesn't have any place to go. He can't go to a five and just want to go back to his home position. Otherwise, you know he's lost a couple of tempo. He could do that. It's not good. So he pretty much almost always play six. As we saw before. It's basically a forced move. And so we choose to think our bishop and put it here or here to some for either way, um, our opponent has to either, uh, lose upon or lose at night. So you're gonna get this pawn back no matter what happens. He's not gonna wanna play at five years before. It's a bad move. And so he might just do something simply, like go back to F six and attack the poem. And then let's say we dio natural thing. Now you be tempted immediately place the four defendants pond, but then we actually lose a piece because four star bishop and Knight, you always gotta be really careful when you put your bishop and your night or you in just two nights, two squares apart, which are like this is always the potential for pollen before, so it's ah, well known pattern that you just always be aware of at lower levels of play. This happens a lot, so there's always because of that. We take this pawn, there's a piece, but we move our peace, you're gonna get one of them. So he's gonna deal with that first. And something to do is you can move this Bishop back, um, or look at other options, for example, options like this and penlight. And we can't play this move because we could take this night. He has to retake, doubling his ponds and messing up his king side. And then we kicked upon back, and now we have a really good position, and he's got a really bad clogged position or is not gonna want a Castle King side. So it pretty much forced to cancel inside. But in order to counsel inside is going to have to make multiple moves toe untangle his position while all we have to dio is Castle and for night out. And we're basically done developing just to show you what that might look like. Let's say he thinks Okay, well, I want this Bishop out was pulling forward. So he does that we can simply castle or it could be even more aggressive. I mean, we could look at different things, like attacking his pawn, potentially the attack, our queen, but a chilly castles. This guy's vulnerable, for example, could you things like, take a night out? You can't take it because we, Bishop contended, took over regaining materials. That's just another example of how we get a winning position potentially in that situation . So he has to be, uh, uh, quite careful here. Nothing that we can do is simply Kessel. If you want to try to castle King Side, it makes sense for him. Toe feeling kind of his bishop. Defend this pond and do so. This will always be a weekends for the rest of the game. He should have his double pawns right in front of King. It gives us a clear target, and in fact, we have multiple targets. For example, we can speak directly 93 here, skewer with our queen and our bishop, and attack this Pont. So now, if castles we could take this point check. And now his key insights completely messed up because we were one despond. We will have these double ponds, and if we can get a do a Clift gonna look over here, probably able to checkmate it later in the game. So basically, can't really castle without having a huge huge is advantage. And so he might do something that we gets his position further, like, basically played this on up so that next move he can castle. But now his king position is even weaker than it was before. And while he is desperately trying to castle and develop his pieces are development is more less effortless. Simply move our night connect R rooks, as we say. We want to do that basically, once you connect your rooks on the opening, usually that the development in the opening period is over and consider the rest of the game to be middle game. Let's say he castles here and we could do any number of things in this situation, but a very good position. Our point is going to be trying Teoh untangles piece of development pieces and we're way ahead and development because those first news we made or kicking those nights around, we're developing pieces with temple. Every time we got a piece out, he moved a piece twice, or movies backwards. And so Black is way behind us and development in this case. And I give lots of different opportunities to develop our pieces to exploit the opponent's weaknesses. And we're gonna have a really easy game to play again. We gotta think about things like the clock. Our position almost plays itself. And so blast could be thinking happened I developed is not gonna get them out. Maybe he'll do something that seems logical. Like, uh, it's bishop Out attacks are night, but everything we have here, everything is defended. Everything is harmonious in our position right now. If you want to take this night, we can take back either ownership or our queen. And we simply looked to develop our pieces and then look for an opportunity in a way to attack. Let's just say, for example, he was assigned to trade. Did we take back the queen here, try to get a queen establishment position near the king, for example, we put our queen on G three now that Dr Bishop was pinned. And when we have some attacking chances, we want to bring our night over teeth three and later on toe five or even G four attack. We just showed example what that might look like the same, Blackett says. Look out, he's trying to attack us as well. We could move our screen over into attack position blocks, desperately trying to find ways to defend. Maybe he does something like just blocks King his night. I mean, he does that except one upon because take it with this pawn. And now his kings even more, um, vulnerable in before he tries to. If you need cutting off pieces, which is generally a good thing to do if you're under pressure and you are being attacked. Usually trading off pieces helps you because you're taking away your opponent Attackers, and you're relieving pressure. But in this case, it's not smart because we want upon were in attack formation and up material. So if all the pieces are traded off in this case, we should be able to win an end game. As we saw in an earlier variation, the queen can't go to the file now, even a trade. Our queen's off because our RUK dominates the e file and their bishop is paying to the King and being blocked in by boat. It's upon. So what there is is is very, very passive. And so he's gonna want to something like if he gets queen out and just look out At this point, we're simply could be looking for the best way to play. That, for example, something we could look at doing, uh would be like, you put our room right here, but he six if he tries toe, trade it off in this case, he can't do it because we have our queen right here. So we can simply take it. He'd lose a piece so you can't get his rook out very easily. I mean, just nowhere to do it. You can put it on his queen, but it is very, very passive. And so since he has weaknesses and we have pressure and we dominate this e file weaken, sort of take a time or night over bring it up to F five and is really nothing for Black to do here, they can't put a piece on the file because of our ruk is there. They can try to undermine this pawn, of course, but it's too slow because we have a lot of different options that we can play Knight to e five and potentially checkmate one upon the check. I have lots of threats, or we can simply be even more patient. Probably just to be the way to go play C four. And if he tries to hurt, is there. You should take it upon back here. Um and he's gonna delay everything, but I'm giving a back rink bay threat. Just move upon forward. This will be you're gonna do anything, gives a check of the problem. You're out of the way. It doesn't change anything. Our position is very stable, and we have a lot of threats. We got this check threat right here. Now we've got the night threat coming, Teoh F five right here. In which case we have, we have checks. We have ways. We have a lot of tactics. Basically, you can't even put his Roco and see two. And Tiger Bones are night. At least right now is defended. And so black has nothing to do. I mean, black and put his wrote back here again. And then he will have accomplished nothing. And we're gonna play night too at six. With a lot of tactics and a lot of danger. We're gonna win this plan here that stated what was upon. So he goes there, you have a check forcing him to the back. We have a check here, uh, forcing the king to move and look for more tax, for example, that the key moves here. Now, um, it's over because we could take this pawn we just made move the previous strength check. And it's going to checkmate because the one thing you do now block to me So, um basically, chest is the process of creating weaknesses and exploiting those weaknesses. Every time we improve our position little bit, our opponent has to make a weaker position. For example, in this case and with upon him there, that allows us to take with check and following boot. When you don't have ponds around your king, you have more lines for checking and more openings for you. So all the little things, they they add up. Once you play f five here, it's pretty much over. It's not clear what the opponent conduce you to get out of the situation. We can simply take this pawn as well. With the RUC. We could take that upon the Queen Black in serious trouble, and they have lost the game. And so to go back to the beginning, to summarize all of this flowed out of they're opening moves. This is why the opening so important. It's why the Ponzi is so dangerous. And that's why the critical move here, once black erroneously takes any four is to kick this night. It leads to the biggest advantages for for White, there's nothing to do exactly 97. And then we could do a lot of things. We can take this plot immediately. We can threaten this night immediately and a seesaw in, um, this variation does that have six. We just have a lot of ways, um, that we could exploit this. And so playing the Bishop about is one of them. And so he can't play this pond down like he wants to. 24 are pieces. This is just one of many ways that we could take advantage of this position, and the next lesson we're gonna look at yet another variation in the same line and see how white can get an advantage there as well 4. Lesson 4 Knight Sacrifice Variation: And now look at this position from one of you If instead of we saw in the last lesson happens black shoes to try to untangle and defend this night so we can't double is pawn and they play night here Captures on D five So say night takes on d five right here. Now it appears that he is defending his night, but his queen is still hand here. The queen is pins this night can't move and let's see what we can do is white decision. I'm gonna show you guys a very aggressive variation that shows you the weakness of black skiing being exposed here and how we can make sacrifices to win materials. Let's say we kick this night by playing C four tonight. There's something like this moves to F four, which seems logical because it's defended. So we simply take it and he takes back their bishop. Then this is OK for black. They're gonna probably be ableto equalize everything we find. He's also attacking our bishop. It seems like an active piece. However, we also should note that this is blacks. Most active piece usually don't want to trade your most active pieces for your opponents pieces, unless is it really good reason to do so? Black has no active pieces other than one piece. Whereas we have multiple active piece. We've got a bishop out. Get full provision out. We got this night out, and because of the nature of the opening of the ponds gunning that it gives us these lines are piece to get out. Our queen is very easily activated as well. Essentially already an active piece even though it hasn't moved yet. Whereas blacks plane is nights in a pin and it can't go anywhere. Where are we? Can't go any number of places. So we see this is good. And so what we can simply you here is we can just exploit the weakness is in play in a very natural way. Let's say, for example, we just take this pond back. Now we have this pawn. We have, um, this night in a pin and black may think they want to take this bishop and trade off. This good piece problem with this is is it leaves us with a very strong attack formation. We take back the queen Now notice that we have three very active pieces and Black has zero active pieces. This is a natural position that flows out of a Ponzi. Yemeni Black does not play correctly. In most cases, Black will play a similar way that we see in this game. Take a night out upon will take the night off, the back it up, Teoh E seven and the other one to F six. If we play this way, he's gonna be on the defensive whole entire game and this game I'm gonna show you guys how things to turn out if Black doesn't play very, very accurately. So let's say he does a logical thing, which he thinks is to go like this. Get the bishop out so he can castle and break. This pen seems very logical, however, because this plant is missing and because we have an advantage in terms of our development , we can do something like simply go take this night, receiving take this pond overnight and sacrifice our night. Forcing the king out in the open is the really fun way to play. And although it doesn't guarantee a victory, guarantees us a big attack and a really aggressive fund position that often times a week to check may well see in this position, Black makes pretty good moves, but it's really hard to make the accurate moves, especially in blips. And we will win. So say, for example, he takes the king. Of course you will do otherwise. He simply loses both upon and the RUK because I have Fort the Queen and the Rooks pretty tastic it nobody news begin. We want to play a queen to D five, but it's defended by the night right now, and so will simply trade off this piece as well. So we take the night it's expected the bitch because he doesn't want toe mess up his king site even further. If you think that with this pawn that you have almost a suicidal position for his king, make this check, we forced the King to go back to the only logical place and what we don't have an immediate threat of check May. Just remember, we have a huge leading development, but a queen in a very, very power position and wants me castle here. We're gonna get this rook out on the e file. It's very, very threatening, and there's really not much black conduce you. So let's say he wants to try to get clean out and try to threaten us. You get a night out. He tried to trade Queen. That's what he wants to do. He's ahead of material by a whole piece. As King is unsafe, he's going to want to trade Queens and we simply avoid the trade and put a queen in a position opposite to the King. We pinned down this bishop here so I can't move and blood while black is gonna try to untangling. We're going to getting our pieces out with temples. So, for example, he wants, gets Bishop out to screen. Is blocking his pawn. Makes sense for him to be in Quetta. What I thought was very strong. Agonal takes a couple news. We'll do that in your book. We control this file pretty much completely. For now, his bishop's pins King is weak and our nights will be able to flow into position nicely. So you think it was his bishop and we could do something as aggressive as this. We can play G four, and if we get a pawn to G five, we'll win back the peace and still have all the other advantages of the position, so he can't let that happen. You don't want to stop it. So it's natural for him to do something like Play 86 Now we can't play upon for you could take it. But we forced him to play that move, weakening his King site even further and allowing us to have a lot of different attack option. Now we can get our look into the center with tempo. And now look at we have both my rocks in the center of the board while blacks ropes are both in the corner. He's not gonna believe this rook out because can't Castle. His king has already moved twice and he is in danger. He's in very big trouble here. There's not many places for the queen ago. Queen will probably go to see six year and threaten a checkmate. We're playing Queen toe D to check. May create this this battery going there, but this is perfect for us because we have this night move. We play our 95. We blocked the Queen and were threatening multiple things. And we're going to take this bishop of the night. Um if the queen moves And so that case, we could take the bishop and he takes out his pawn. We went a lot, so this queen can't really move. There's not really much else that he can do. Let's say he decided to go ahead and take this pawn right. He's taken upon now and he's threatening. This night with his bishop has been to pieces on it, right, and he wins upon. But now we can simply take this Bishop Trade office nine for the Bishop and all he could do was sit down with upon take a check and he's gonna lose this rook right here if he tries it . If he tries to defend the Queen, you take the RUK, we'll check and he's gonna lose other road blocks with Queens. We simply trade, and now we're going to look down here and we're up in exchange, and there's nothing you can do to save these ponds separately. Look, toe, he ate, but he still doesn't say the part because we have two books on its We just take it and we have an obviously winning position. If he wants to train us, there's nothing he could do about this? We have more ponds. We have a rookie gets a bishop. We're gonna win one more pawn because he can't move this one out. You lose the bishop, we're gonna get this pawn matter what he does, and the game is over. So that's one way this easy play out in a game. The other hand, if we get to this checker here and he doesn't block it with the queen and immediately tried to force trade, which he always to be careful to do that kind of force the trade of the queen's gonna make sure that there's not attack with this. Another thing that you can dio is simply move out of the shed, um, with his king and noticed. Now he's in a very, very dangerous position here. There's a lot of things that we can do here. One of them, is it. Simply take this pawn and threatened. Check me on G seven and there's no way to defend that because his queen can't come back to f seven, obviously take it. And actually, he can't buy this move. Take upon him with a check, get some counter play. This is his Onley possible resort. You get forces out, you could make some checks. So let's see if you can save the game at this point. Um, with checks, you can check here, which point we can. Simply going This thing is, all we do is stop the checks one time, and, uh, the game will be over. We have checkmate coming, so he's gotta check us. He's gonna keep us in permanent check. It looks like he might be able to do in this case. Actually, he just goes back over here. You can't do anything. It looks like he might be able to save the game in this case by using perpetual check. It looks like in this particular situations would be really careful before you move our Brooke up to D 7 30 This checkmate. If we calculate carefully, we see that he will be able to get us into perpetual sure. Here. It should be going back and forth with this. So having analyzed that we're playing the game, we simply don't with the RUC out. Yes. You've got to recognize this move and we do something else that we could, For example, we could pick a check here first force the king over one first. And then we could take this move next. So all that got to do is simply make one extra move so that now our queen is defending the G four ponte. And there's nothing you could do since checkmate or something close to it is coming. Um, this case queen G seven still check me because the Black King can't move over. It'll be checked. May So and he can't defend that. Because if you do something like, really just know if it's gonna go here, who's queens are? Look here. Who's going on? I mean, there's no there's no move that will save him from checkmate. Do you have any moves? Brookover. It defends that square. So let me check me because we respond. Check. Can't move like we'll have to lock it. Then this move will be checkmate as well. So again, it's just another example of how White has many ways to win in the pond. Ziani and we could even do it with flair by sacrificing our night Is the very thematic sacrifice here treating off your knight or bishop to get the king exposed on F seven. She has lots of other types of openings and then to attack very vigorously. Once you have traded off a piece, you have to be as aggressive as possible. Doesn't mean you're gonna get checkmate right away. But you want to make it take advantage of everything that you have in the position when you pieces out quickly gonna put it in the most dangerous positions and just notice that we get everything we want. Expedition to get totally active. Dangerous pieces. Both are rocks in the center, both of their rooks inactive, a king that is exposed. And there's nothing to do but im. He's trying desperately to threaten us, to trade pieces off, to do every can and it just doesn't work. We win by force and he's making, um, some of the best news you can. Once his position is what it is, there is just not anything that he could do about it are our moves are all threatening or threatened. Checkmate. And we're gonna get a checkmate. So, um, study that game, analyze yourself, go through each of these lessons after you know, we go through my analysis on this is sort of blitz analysis. If you use your computer, they might find even stronger moves. You better combinations might find even better defensive for black. But in general, this is a type of play that you're going to see over the board. You play online or you play with your friends of any rating below 17 or 1800. You can see a lot of these same kind of moves, and you're going to win most games almost automatically, as long as your opponent hasn't studied upon Ziani, which most people have not done. So go through that game, but a bit looking different ways that you can attack and defend, even for Black. And then, in the next lesson will look yet another powerful variation in the policy only for white. 5. Lesson 5 Bishop Sacrifice Variation: yet another way this game could play out and often is is that instead of the night immediately taking on e four, what happens a lot of times is the pond will take on d four. They think. Ok, well, I can think is pawn now. And if he takes back, then I could take this part of the night. It has changed the move order. And so what happens is they take this point. But in this case, when they do that that instead of taking back immediately, this is often a good thing to do. Is beginning this what we saw somewhere to the last variation we pushed our pawn to D five . We're gonna push this upon and non Chris night off. I wanna make this night time tonight will do something that go here into the center and then we will simply take back this pawn. And now we have a very strong center similar to the other positions in the pond. Ziani We have rapid mobilization of pieces. In this case, we haven't gained any ponds. Black hasn't given up any ponds. People have excited seven ponds, but we have a strong center. Black has no center. They're going to try to attack our center. But are peace Mobilization is so rapid that again is very difficult. Black So, for example, but say they want immediately weaken our center, which is very logical thing to do a lot of points. We'll make this move to six, trying to push about stuff. We have to play aggressively in order to take advantage of our lead in development. So this night is not defended, so let's say we attack it. We attack it here and he decides that he simply wants to move it to a safe place and tracker. Bishop. Very common move you may not anticipate again. We could make a peace sacrifice here as we saw in the last video, and we can have some really big threats and have a really fun let's game. So we'll do is we'll sacrifice our bishop and pop the king out. And remember, you also get upon when you do to see you sacrifice a piece. You get a little conversation in the pond. You get more compensation and having the king out, and you have a rapid attack that it's very difficult to defend. So don't be afraid to sacrifice a piece for a big attack in these situations where you know it's gonna be difficult for your opponent to defense. Really find a way to play chess, especially if you're playing Blitz Just playing for fun. Don't be afraid to do this. It makes the game much more enjoyable. So we can Emilie. But check with the night are nice defendants so the queen can't take it. And it's pretty much suicidal for the king to go out. I mean, who get checkmated very quickly. If he comes out here, we come out with our queen and check and really get checkmated. So if you look at that the battle thumb so the people move back. If he was back here, Teoh g eight. We can look at that next, but it's probably even more dangerous than keeping his king in the center because his Broca's holy blocked in and we're going to be attacking this F seven square. That's why we sacrifice sufficient on this particular square. It's a well known, own dangerous square, as I mentioned before, so we're gonna rapidly mobilize our pieces as quickly as possible. We're going to put our queen here on F three and threatened Check me wherever we threaten, checkmate or material gain. Black is forced to react in a way that will save the game. Musical forcing moves in chess. We don't want to play a hope chest. We say we hope about what makes a mistake. We hope they don't see the best move. We always want to assume our own is going to play the best possible move and something. All of our moves forcing news. In this case, the queen is forced to even play 87 or queen to e seven, because they have to defend this F seven square. Otherwise it will be checked me. And so it makes sense for the queen to go to e seven because other opposite our king and it appears that they have threats. Right? But in this case, all we have to do is simply Castle. Okay, well, we have a lot of threats because if they decide to take our pawn right now, we have a big trade here. We'll always do is put a rook on heat one and their queen is pinned to their kings is very , very dangerous. But black was basically forced to play it this way because of his Queens on D seven instead then, actually, it's even more dangerous because we put the the roof anyone. Then it's right across from the king and they're just not what you do at such a safe example. He goes against it. He takes this pawn and tax a queen. It seems like a good move, right? It's forcing us to react. Designating will get material. But these are positions where there will be a lot of tactics. There will be a lot of ways in which you can with material, and receiving the obvious move like this would be very dangerous. For example, let's say we just simply member Queen over to see three. Now we're attacking the night and we're attacking this position. Were attacking of many things. He decides to take that on. We go here and we end the queen and now pretty much have the game on lock because we're gonna win this queen and the King is too weak and the game's gonna be over. However, we have to be very careful as well. Notice that we go to clean to see three. It looks like we have this really strong move. Maybe we could win this queen or continue to attack pieces in this case that I can actually play this crushing move right to eat, too, for King, the King and the Queen, and we will lose the game. So in these positions with lots of tactics, not only need to look for tactics need to be very careful to look for your opponent's tactics as well. So we can't quite play that move yet. You have to be wary of this move here. So instead of playing Queen to see three, you simply play D three, which defends the square and allows us to go look out, which is what we want to do. And in this case, if the queen takes year, he's not offending the night and he's not allowing us to get our look out because the green is a ticket and it would be check me. OK, so we do have to be a little bit careful about this stuff, but we still have a lot of options. We have a lot of of threats. For example, you go here an attack tonight, and if you just something like simply to defend the night. Like playing this pawn out. He's further weakening his position for short term gain. Yes, he stops us from taking this night right now, but we simply develop more pieces. We bring up more pieces, we continue our attack. This is what good attacking chess is all about. You don't panic because you don't get like an immediate checkmate. You understand, because of the fundamental of chest strategy, that having a rapidly mobilized Army is gonna have enough threats that you're going to still build a win the game even though you're down a material because you sacrifice the peace, neither one of their bishops have moved yet either one of the books have moved yet, and we have four super active pieces and a very, very weak black king. So that's the compensation that we have gotten when we sacrifice our bishop. We also got upon we gotta Weiqing upon and mobilization. And sometimes this is a hard thing to evaluate to make sure that you get enough conversation, which is why this F seven point It's a nice rule. Thugs often use sacrifice that can be too big. Attacks in upon Ziani basically always needs to a big attack, and that is why we do it. And now we have this ever present threat of this queen being attacked by a rook. And so, for example, we simply play Bishop to D two on the next move that the Queen will be pending King and the game will basically be over. Okay, so that's a huge threat. And blacks gotta worry about that. So well, they play this move here to defend the night. Right? Once we played e root tea one. Now, if they're they're good, Akhalkalaki will see this movement here will pin the queen so is very dangerous. And people only thing they could do is they have to play Bishop do e seven, and they also threaten our night. Now, this is fine in a way, but it hasn't saw their fundamental problems. For example, we can still play this move. Vision two d two and the queen can't take the night Queen has to move. This bishop is pinned to the king and still very, very often. So the whole point here is we have to continue to find aggressive moves and create new threats or as we're creating threats. Another thing we can think about is simply gained back material. Um, slowly and surely while we, uh, gaining advantage, for example, right now we could take this pond that night between defending it and now we got two ponds . We've further weaken the position. We have the potential threats of playing Knight to f six. You know that squares depend right now by the by this pawn, that is something we could do to get them into a back. Another thing we do here, which I like even more because I don't want to think about just a material when you have a big attack going imminently aggressively and you want to mobilize your army. So in this case, notice that we could get a night out here with tempo. We're developing our night and attacking the queen. And so blacks Queen simply has to move. There's really no good place to move to say maybe he backs up right here. He could also go Teoh five to say he goes here and we have a lot of options. All of our pieces are mobilized. We can look to maybe simply double upon rooks say for example, he wants to actually not move loses to this tactic. We gotta be careful. You know something like that and lose more material this before you make a move. Just check it. Whenever you stack your Brooke next to your queen like that, it's open to a skewer. The Fisher comes here and we're gonna lose some over two years. So you gotta be careful We don't move the route there. Um, maybe we move our work here. T three officially hastily play, though, Attacker queen, because our this night is defending it. So here we wanted some calculations about think about what's the best move that we can make . But these are the things you want to think about halfway take advantage of this pin and bring more pieces to bear on this pin. Nothing we could do here if you look at taking this on again, is that on the next move? Say, for example, he goes here now friends or queen? Well, a couple of things we do. I like this movie first blush because we're threatening to take his pawn, suffer his you know, when? That night right there. So we can't actually take this part of the night because this boom bishop too, if I was a very strong move through this night defending its way to think about that. Think about that. We don't let this movie played. Bishop U F by So what's the best way award bishop you by? Well, we can sipping queen over. Let's try that doing this, you know, threatening check. So it's a nice forcing move. Throwing checkmate immediately, and black has to respond to that. Checkmate. Moving the queen over g seven. Or maybe even better. I'm moving to night over five. Attacking our queen when simultaneously depend defending this, Bishop. So you know, we have a good chess game going. We still have all of our advantages. You something simple here will be patient. Greenback. Now all we have to do to win apiece is make this night. Move on the next move and we will move this the better It is. The only defender of this bishop so black is desperately fighting us off. So far, he hasn't been check, mated or lost significant amounts of material. But this is just another typical example of help. Black will be struggling to save himself um it's not easy to see what he can do here. For example, let's say he said he tries to get his room or a king out of this pain. Now the Bishop Khumbu. Right. But if he does that have this checker here, things that go somewhere, we can't take the night because that Bishop I still can't accept that it doesn't work. It doesn't work. ST. Louis night here. So we make this night move. He's the only defender of this bishop. No matter where he goes, where he goes over here, the H file, whether he wants attack are queen again now could take a special actually, in this case, check. So that shows you the power of our attack. One small misstep from well, and you lose the game. So he defended. He was able to make this move 90 f five and defend the bishop. But by moving his king over, he's gonna lose a piece of least because we play before he moves the night. It's checked by a captain of the night. He has to. Maybe it was clean or whose bishops? Well, it was a bishop, And either way, we're now going to win apiece back only now we won the material back that we gave up. And but we have ponds and we still have a better attack. Attack is still going. You know, Say once again, look out, threaten us or whatever you know, set up this dangerous discovered attack, right? We move his pawn, it will be checked, and it's very, very dangerous. Um, he could still be try to treat off pieces. But no matter what, everything activates a piece like that. Look, if he trades it off afterwards, he's only left with a bunch of inactive pieces and we're gonna continue to have active attack. Okay, so it's not clear what you can do. Let's just see what happens. This is I'm afraid of all the pieces and which other simplify download endgame. He's got 123456 ponds. We got five points. So you actually have one pond advantage over us. But now, um, look at his pieces. He's got three inactive, cramped pieces and a king in the center of the board. We've got a queen in attack position, and in fact, this case returning checkmate on e seven. And it's not need to see what you can do about it. Basically, he neither run allowing us just win material. Or maybe you can try defend with these night right here. But see if he does that we do one of two things. We can take a check. Can you get tacked right here upon its really close to? I'm promoting, um, you something even simpler. Which we can take this night. Four to take back with the queen on attack with the queen here, that is key has an escape square. I think it's much stronger. This takes pawn. We'll check. He can't block it, because then we'd be checked May And, uh, the only place you can really run as you could move his king here to D A and forced move. OK, but now he's it's over because we have this. Did you find notice? This is because, uh, are active pieces and the open board that we have. We have so many different ways that we can attack when the king gets exposed like this. I think it's basically over. This is checkmate because, well, I could use block night King can't move through screen and you can't block. That's check, mate. And that's a really typical way that you will win in the ponds. Units. In the last two lessons, we've seen two different ways. That you can sacrifice peace with a big attack. Despite your points. Best efforts to trade pieces off to attack your strong center. These are all basically forcing moves. Check me. He's got a block it. Castle Transit tries to take that upon. We go queen, too, he said. He three. Right? Get it up on. Does it leads Teoh. Rapid mobilization of pieces again. It looks like blacks moves are not that bad. He's getting his pieces out. He's trying to defend. He's trying to stop us. And we just have all these threats. But it was clean. Canton gotta mostly. All right. Everything we do is the game. Serial trade threats. Threat. Check me. Okay? He defended his night. Seems like a good move. Just move our queen. We don't panic. We don't trying to force the attack. We let it flow. We get all of our pieces out. This is something that McHale Towel used to do a very effectively. He was the world champion 19 fifties. I think it was. He was an amazing Russian grandmaster. He was the strongest play in the world for a long time, but his genius was in the attack. You'd oftentimes sacrificed two or even three pieces for checkmate that was coming that he couldn't see. Definitely. But he knew because he understood Jessel well, that when you have multiple active pieces and all these lines that have been opened vice ponds being treated or taken, it just leads so many different ways to win that the probability to calculate Well, finding a winning attack is super high. You got pens for skewers, you got checkmated threats. You've got all these forcing moves. Your point. Anything about tries, moves, king. Well, then you play G four and we used uses night, All right. Can't move his night because it'll be checkmate. So he's gotta move his bishop gets out of the way. Now we take a take a night and we've got a dangerous plan we never had to use. But as we take these pieces, we also in the end game, could have got that part across. I was yet another way that we could have won if we didn't win the way in which we did. He tries Teoh attack our queen and trade pieces down, actually, and even noticed the first time. This because we take that and check May. So that was actually bad announces by me. Even if we didn't do that, let him take that, Rick. And they traded off. All these pieces are attack is still too strong. There's just nothing you can do. We're trying to find the best moves for Black, but there's aren't any. Once he gets exposed in this manner gives the powerful attack sacrificing a bishop for a knight on F seven. It's a really fun way to play, and you oftentimes win pretty easily without even having to think all that much. Just remember to play forcing moves to castle yourself and you look out into, um, into the center because once here regarding the center, you're gonna have a lot of dangerous things gonna happen. The whole reason make sacrifices to exposure king. So we make it so they can't castle and then we cap, So I'm gonna look out. That's a key theme in these ideas. When you make a sacrifice of a piece and you're almost certainly going at least get the peace back. Campaign could checkmate and play with big advantage. So go for the game on your own, with in different ways that it could be played and then, in the next lesson, look atyou. Another winning variation for white. 6. Lesson 6 Nb8 Variation: So this one. We're going to look at yet another example of what happens when the black team plays night of six and they try to maintain their position after take his pawn, pick a night and this night goes back to starting position, which some players will play, because putting it on E seven as we saw before is really just clogging up their development so much. There's no other option. We know we can't go to a five because the losing night, by going there, will be trapped by our double attack from our queen. And so sometimes those go back to the starting point. And so even already here, the positions not really pretty, but we have a much better developed situation and their night has moved twice to go back to starting point. We have stronger center and things were already much better for us and then again, we will attack this night immediately and he could go back. But again, a lot of times players will try to keep the night in the middle that I want to back up. I mean, if he backs up to the top six square, or even to the d six square tens place feel like they just got kicked back. And so they want to maintain a position. So, you know, the only thing that could basically do is play this file again, and then we just double attack of the Queen and Bishop and there's really nothing they can do about we're gonna lose upon now, no matter what. If he decided to back up and in this situation we can take this pond on, they can force a queen trade in the situation they get for their queen there. But now we're up upon in a better position. So we never worry about trading off pieces in the situation. We have an advantage, and we just want to keep that advantage. So we trade the castle. Maybe they castle to, and we just continue to keep our lead in development. It may seem like a slight advantage that we have but noticed they have three pieces. You're here that are in their starting position. And while we have three pieces in our starting position as well, this bishop is basically active because it's Bagnall is open. This white bishop is very active because Bagnall open is pushing down this piece because his pawn has been advanced. We have more space to move our pieces. So the situation is very different for both sides. Position that white has is much, much better. And not only do we have a much better position, but we're up full pond. That's not bad at all. Also because upon of a move here allows their king to be exposed. We have potential checks in the future. We put our bishop on this diagonal, and so their king is also weaker than our kids. Will all of those slang disadvantages add up? Pretty big overall advantage for way. So I was gonna give us example of what moves my plate here to show you how we can keep our lead going and take advantage of the situation. The sequences rook there to defend that Bishop, Where's going? Developer peace. So we get a fish about and you're ready to get our night out. They're gonna try to do the same. Maybe they want trade pieces off, which they shouldn't be doing. But just say that they do that on this case. Please go ahead and trade. Make us night. Go back to the, uh, the eighth ranked there and we've been upon that happened so he'd make a mistake there we would be up to ponds. He has Teoh Franco's bishop in order to get it out the situation and we just go ahead and get a night out that I think it was Bishop. And then we defend this palm that say so in this example again, his pieces air all much more passive than ours. Our pieces are very active. We have four minor pieces instead of the board. This is a really good thing to have. And we have this extra pon here and we have a better king Bring building mobile as a rook or quickly, and this all came from basically, black misplayed the opening, not knowing that a plague upon Johnny was on and we didn't have any thinking to play this game. Basically, they often trades. And if this is the way the possibility plays out, which it often does, he was gonna go into a better end game. You haven't really easy getting play and again and blitz, You know, I think that are about these moves. You're not gonna be taken out of shot on the clock. Whereas black is gonna have to take some time to think every single move, shadow figure happening, untangle have development pieces. They're gonna be thinking hard. Whereas we have a lot of threats and opportunities. For example, just having acted pieces, we see that this dark Prohibition is able to see seven upon. So this night moves lose those upon. It was like when the night comes back to recapture a rope we gained a upon and we have a lot of things that were threatening. Our nights can jump up here. Basically, white has only one or two. That piece. You could say that both of these bishops are active, but this one is bearing down upon its defended. And so that's not happened yet that make it activated better later. And this is the most active piece. And so one thing that we might want to do is trade off their most active people. Strategic thing to do is to identify which pieces of your opponents are the most powerful or active, and then try to trade up are less active. Peace is one thing that the lower levels and chest of the interview levels of chest. Even a lot of players don't understand it. Make willing deli trays, and they don't understand that really important to trade. You make their best everything. I mean at the higher level of the game, the way the grandmasters play. A lot of times, their material be equal for the whole time game. And I will just be a matter of who has the better position based on space based on peace, strength and things like that. That's how they're things we want to start thinking in terms of maximizing power or pieces trading off of weaker pieces for the opponents, stronger pieces. And you can tell them strongly. Pieces are basically I have active. They are how much space they have to move provision. That means aiming down longer Wagnalls for a night. That means being able to jump into the position. Also notice. Suspicious. That they have in the dark squares here is kind of restricting the mobility of this. Tonight on F three, we can't really move it anywhere, least without making trade. And so trading this off will allow this night become more powerful. That's the way we want to start thinking in chess. So let's say they decide they want to block this bishop out and then also be able to move this night out. That's the only way that night's gonna be developments. He wants to go to this bad square on a six. That's a logical move for them, and we'll go ahead and finally activate this. Right now. All of our pieces are active and they're very Gallo in the centre, right and chess. We want to take control of the center with the board. That's pretty much always the general goal. As we have a strong center, you're gonna be able to attack or gain space and get a winning position. So they finally developed that night. Let's say we go ahead and we go ahead and basically forced this black sport bishop to trade of this. Now they need a back up. We can take it here, or they can move. Teoh E five forces take with the night but actually will help us because they were keeping our guards professional, that losing theirs. So we're assuming they just broke and trade it. There's no other squares for the bishop to go to without a trade being possible. So sit taking the take. And now we traded off their most active piece by force. They had no choice but to trade that piece off. That's something that a lot of will be thinking about the blitz game they be thinking mostly about Can you develop these knights and rooks and get pieces out? But we're thinking, OK, but we have his advantage and development got better pieces now happened, we increase that advantage. Okay, let's make our pieces that we do have more powerful and forcing to trade up their best piece. So you notice their pieces are very inactive. I mean, having these nights back here on the 7th 8th ring for black, they're not doing anything. They can reach anywhere into our position, and the night has to take multiple moves to get down into our position where we're closer than they are. And again, we are still up a pawn. So we have a big advantage here, and let's say he wants to attack there. We just back it up. Excuses rook out. Actually, in this case, you're gonna look out with trade instead of trading, will go here and then this is something that you want to do a lot of times when to brooks are part of each other. You don't obviously just want to trade it off every time. But you also don't want to move your Rickover because you give the file to your opponent something you would leave it there and you'll forced into trade because then when you take back, you have control of the file. But you have upon up here and this is a big advantage reference position since we have this one extra pon and then you complete right here. In this case, if you decide to stay well of trade anyway, now we have a passed pawn. He would be forced to coverage appear because if he just moves his night back, then we win apiece. So he's gotta take our bishop on. Then we'll take this night and he can't save his bishop something this part. Otherwise we're gonna promote it to a queen, and therefore he's going to lose a piece in this situation. So you gotta take this pawn and we take the bishop back in our little piece and we have a winning endgame very easily. Winning and giving her the whole entire piece. Right? And so one thing of this illustrates is the power of having upon its advanced like this because we do something like this where he's trying to force stood up Brooks. We make him trade it right here. If he does, you know, makes a mistake and goes and takes it. Chris is really powerful passport that has a lot of vets, Obviously. Look, capturing here is a bad move for Black. But I just want to show you guys that we want to give our opponents will have opportunities to make mistakes and to make these bad trade to be set on trading rook off. But, you know, it was a bad piece for this whole entire game. Any thinks he wants to trade that off for our look, for some reason on may be a fight back and get what you shouldn't be doing because we have imagined material. This is something that we want to try, and he goes ahead and avoid the trade and makes some other kind of move, For example, in this case, he can actually simply take this pawn right here. You have done this a few moves ago, but I wanted to highlight some of these other ideas. Then he's forcing us. Think Is trade going to the bishop? First trade trade That would be really bad. Thing would be a piece. We take this bishop and he takes it right here. We also end up being up. Rook. We actually can't take that, because the way that these pieces are defending, he actually can't take this home right now. If you had a losing mawr material, this move for him was a pretty good move. Because, actually, um, if we just move this back, it looks like he could take this pawn here. And if we trade off those pieces he will have gained upon, we can attack this born. So he defends it. In this case, you have basically equalized, uh, position. So we want to think back to this position right here and think what we dio to not lose this pawn. And one thing we could dio simply go like this place c four if he wants to go ahead and take his bishop in this case, that's fine with us. Because let's say, for example, we take with a rook. He also be really careful if you take it a piece like this with, let's say at night like this, because then you have this pin and while it's probably okay, the situation, because our night is defending this, we can also play this pond to defend it. You don't want to have your rugby in a pin like this. There's always tactical opportunities for your opponent, and it's a little bit awkward. So he's always got me thinking about that, not letting your night get put into a pin like that. So in this case, the safest thing to do you have to take it with the brook. In that way, he can't get his lookout toe. This E eight square you take with You may do something like this and took over this night, but then we want to get a grip on the seventh, right? It's a rule of thumb. The RUC on the seventh. Rape is a very powerful piece, and so we always want to be thinking about getting our grip on a 72 runs in the seventh Ray . Then it's just disaster for opponents. Weaken win ponds when peace is threatened, checks and check mates to James Taylor is one Brooke. It forces him to defend this piece or play this piece forward and a compromise. His position at his rookie would be in a very, very passive position. Would you? Something like, what? It's night here and now basically, we've won the game because he's gonna have to lose one of these really important ponds if he decides. OK, well, although actually can't move this pond forward now that you lose the fish. So he's always upon for for sure, right here. If you decide you want to try to save this pawn by doing something like Planet Forward, he's bold, weakened his king position as well as allowed us to simply make sense were already up upon the most forceful way toe win Here is simply to take this pond with the book. If you want to trade Rooks, well, then he just helping us get into an endgame with a to pawn advantage. And this passive bishop is passive because we're blocking it. If he goes to a six, we just played D three and his pond blocked in. So you're gonna try to have to activate this bishop, maybe like doing something like that. Then in the meantime, we can reponse forward. You can get our king out once you start going into the endgame. Really important thing to do is to get your king out and get up into the middle of the board. You can get your king into the middle before your opponent can do so you can have a really big advantage. Just gotta be careful. If there's still a couple minor pieces on the board like this, especially the night get carefully, don't fall. Victim it intact. So when you're moving and look out for your king out here in the middle, make sure you look for every single check possibility, because I guess I got making they eat. Three of the night was still here. You go check and win this pond. She's always gonna be thinking about that. But right now you're going to the end game. You want to get your king out into the center. I'm not gonna go ahead and finish this whole Indians and games or a whole complicated area chest by themselves. They could take a long time to analyze, but this is the one vision for White were up a couple puns, and we have the same amount of material. It's really easy for us to convert this special because one of black bonds is an isolated on. It's all that sell none of our phones or Iceland. We have what we put this on here. I'll be three. Let's say we connect these. We have just two big pond chains and they have three smaller point. It's to be really easy for us, in theory, to convert this into a win. For example, despite clear night right here, for example, on E six. They can't take that because then we'll be creating a really dangerous passed upon. But we're blocking. The Bishop's bishop is now very, very passive and weak. We can leave this night here in a very dangerous spot near their king, and then we can go ahead and get our king out overnight, up to better spot, advance our ponds and easily win. This game is just another example of how the pond Ziani might go. If your opponent misplays it a little bit, he'll get a passive position. Very typical. The key move here again, and you saw and all the other examples is a kick. It's night off. It's better than just taking this plan and trying to win the pawn back, leaving this night right here. It also confounds your opponent. It makes it frustrated. It makes you think we know we can't go to a five lose that night. We don't think those East 70 clogs up the works and we get a really good development compared to him. And if he goes back to starting position, it also is good for us. So playing F, I hear is really just a bad move. But a lot of people will do it, especially in blips, because they don't spend a lot of time to think about all the options you don't realize you're gonna lose upon after we play clean to eat, too. And they think that I was going to try to keep this night and cynically don't want backing up the farm owner Boo. Better move here, be simply to backside start position, attack this pawn and try to develop their pieces, and we'll look at how that position would play out in the next 7. Lesson 7 Tactics in the Ponziani: and this one we're going to. As I said, the end of the last lesson we look to see what happens if opponent takes year. Keep. Tonight he goes back to the starting position, as we saw before Retek this night. But instead of playing at fine who saw it is basically a mistake. Our opponents simply puts his night back here and we play, See, for we just defend upon and we maintain our strong center. Now it looks like black. Does this move here that will be forking our bishop in night? Of course, we can't take up bomb because nice defending it. But we have this move here. Says he hasn't castled yet. We sit with me money to upon his pain. You can't take anything. Maybe transfer the king out of the the pin by playing Bishop here, covering up example. Now we just take this call, and if he wants to take that bishop, that's fine. Because that night was his only active piece. And now we have a queen instead of the Board of Strong Center and a huge leading development. Really, This is all that we can ask for to get out of the opening, so that work out very well for us. So him playing this pond down to makeup pork is a big mistake since we have is queen that he to move. Okay, So instead of that, he might do something else. One thing that a lot of players doing violence against upon joining the situation is they don't like the fact that we kind of got this ban and we've got a strong pon center. So they want to threaten our problems right away. So we might play something like C six and doing so if we go ahead and take that upon it actually helps them, because whether they take back with the beep on the C pawn, we're helping them develop. And we're giving away our strong center by, you know, that all of a sudden giving them his advanced upon we don't want to take. You usually want to defend our center and replace the peace with new pieces if they take. But in this case, we have tactics. This is a thing of the ponds. Yanni is that there are lots of tactical shots in it. Just because of the nature of situation, the way that our pieces are more developed and blacks with lots of things we can do. So for example, this case, well, they would you accept it pushes pawn forward, and it looks like we're gonna lose upon because black and take it. But we have a discovered attack here. We can take this pond and we could force black The message is position. So, for example, but opponents and see that they take this plan. We go ahead and we take this pawn here of safe expect with the RUC. And then we get this bishop and so we forces route to move. He could take it back with night. But this scenario, let's say his rook moves. And so now he can't castle on that side. Are queens all up in his face And again he may simply say, Okay, well, I want Teoh trade Queens, but again can't do that so easily because in that case, look what we can just take this part. And now we want upon seeing what's going to Queens. And so before I keep showing his queen trades because our opponent will often do this, they see that they're under pressure. They're under attack and so they think demonstrated queens off. So I don't get maybe checkmated here. But in these cases here we end up with a much better position than our opponents. Don't be afraid of trade off Queen. If we see that we're gonna have a big advantage of development or ponds or whatever. Don't be offended. You that take your advantage and then push for a bigger advantage for what you already have . So this case, we would have a much better position. We can see maybe he wants. Take a night off and we'll just see how it might play out. Develops pieces, say the attacker threw up on I spend the problem, Castle. Just play having this ability to castle and buy them. Not having the ability castle, the King side being left. I hope we have this huge gain in time. We call it having extra tempos because we moved more quickly than so. He's trying to get out. We can check here, I check it or block it and we can attack that night and maybe he will be able to castle the other way. But his kings any more vulnerable or still gonna have a leading development, said. We take we have tactics here because of that, though, if he wants to go ahead and get tucked and get it out of Penn, we will win upon because this night is stunning, this pawn and it's nicely one defender. Now just take a night it takes or Bishop we will. Upon there was another way that we could get material and then were threatening. Now this pawn here with their night and our look. There's one defender, so it's a He makes a mistake here and he decides, Toe, um, threaten our night that we could just take take that poem, something steak. What he should do probably is just go ahead and defend this pawn. But again, he fails because of tactics now, because our nights in such a position now we can just go on 26 we can fork his king and his rook and he'll lose in exchange. Whenever we take the book for Reminder piece, we say that we get the exchange eso there's a Saudi tactics and opportunities for White in the plans. Yanni. This is yet another example of how we can take advantage of small advantage beginning and grow it into a larger advantage. We would have a winning game in that situation. Now let's go ahead and look and see what would happen if he decides he doesn't want to lose his right to Castle right for us. He can take back with his nine if he wants to, but noticed his night is his most active piece, basically. So he puts it into this passive position, and we are activating our queen to a very dangerous position while taking backs is still really good for us, no matter what he does, we're going to win this upon unless that safe exactly, doesn't think they mean out he doesn't want to lose this pond. I mean, there's a couple ways that he could not lose upon. He could play this point here, but this is a very a very bad way to set up your position. When the queen is near the King, it's very, very dangerous and you don't want to do that. We're gonna be able to, like, immediately attack him and gain anything right now. But it's a very dangerous thing to do. For example, maybe we can put our night on. Um, it's for bringing toe five and we have lots of threats. Is it is a dangerous con move and we can simply develop more king out. We can take our time. You got such a big lead in development. We could take our time here. There's lots of things that we can do. Start it just forces him to weaken his point. The other thing to Dio is refusing to weaken his position. More is he can kick this night off by pushing this pawn down. And that saves it in a short one right now. But it's no big deal will simply develop it. Teoh a better square. We just go here, Defour. And there's nothing that the black and do about us having these pieces in the center of the board again. He could Doesn't Teoh trade queens with us? But this case, it doesn't work again because we take a queen. Is that back with King? And now he loses the ability to castle forever, and we're going to have to give edge again so that we get the castle they don't. They're gonna try to maybe untangled a piece. Is anyone's guess Bishop. Outside goes here. Fine was going to take that takes and then we take our night out. Let's say he wants to get fish about somewhere. We want to get that somewhere. We're gonna have a much safer king. We're gonna have a lot of things that we can do. Is nice an office here, and, um, we're gonna have plenty of threats here. Okay, We're Brookover crossers King. You're saying his pieces out with some like this. I have six. You can't push the barn down his little simply lose it, and you can't take it because it's pinned again. You always want to take advantage of when you're king is in the center when your phone is King is in the center. This is the advantage that we got out of the opening. So you want to you utilize that advantage? I just wanna settle with their night here, C 600 defendants. So we needed to defend it. Yeah. Capture a lot of time is best to defend a piece. Instead of making the tribute traded the night off, we have helped him build a strong center with his three middle. Instead, we simply develop a piece of war and using and defending this night. If you decide to take this night now he's helping us to activate our peace. We just recapture. Now I have a very active docks for Bishop. But our opponent has no dark bird Bishop. And so again, he's got to defend something here. Maybe he decides to do it by going like this, and he still hasn't moved this lightsquared Bishop and weak. In this case, we could take this pawn here and we win mawr material. So it would be really bad move for him to take this night. So he's just gonna leave it there and try to develop, and then we'll continue with the other plan. Well, look out and take advantage of the king being across One thing you want to do when you're king is stuck in the center. If you're smart is trying to get a look out. So your room behind your king so you can move your king over. It's like a other way to castle slower way, toe castle, and try and get out of harm's way. But I do that. He had to take time to do that and look at here again. We have this move here. Night captures on D five went upon check for threatening to for the rooks again. More tactics. It's not so easy for black toe untangle here when he was bishop out, actually, Right here. You take this home already so you actually can't get admission? But yet he's gotta worry about defending things. You can't take the night we saw because then we take it and we have this part of moving a double threat. Maybe he loses Brook over here. That he defends his pocket is pulling a state now. But we continue with our regular plant. Brookover, threaten the king if you can get the King out of the way. But see, he's doing, we're dictating in the game. Now all he's doing is reacting to us. And that's of course, what we want to have happen we want are going to be reacting to us on. We are basically we have the freedom to be making the moves that we want to make. Now we can get our peace out. Now we have all of our pieces of built in the center. Pretty ideal situation. All right, Here's most active piece right here this night. He still doesn't want trade because that will leave us with very powerful, dark squared Bishop aiming at the King, paving if there's a seven pawn. We've got this 19 Brooks all aiming at these ponds until we've got a really clear target. If you could defend these ponds, it's been end up helping him later. But he didn't have to use a lot of resource is to defend these poems that he's not very hard for us to get a night and a ripple aimed at this pond right here, for example, you might do something like but his bishop on a six defenders upon here from our night and our ruk. But again, he's having to be very passive. All of those pieces are very passive. Hey, one thing we might dio is a rook up here and then threaten to come over here g three and threaten this point. OK, whenever we have ponds in the center, um, coming towards us want blockade them so they can't advance and we want to attack them. So he's having to use both his rook and bishop here to defend this pawn. We have our night and I wrote full aimed at it. And so he's not very little is not that much that he can do. Let's say, for example, he moves his rook over here. Can't do that yet because you lose upon. So he's gonna take another move to either move us on, uh, be six, or simply move this part of a six and it takes some time to each of these ST. And while he's taking somebody that we continue to make threats, this threat be to capture here on G seven, he can avoid the threat you can avoid losing upon. But again, he's weakening his position. He's being dictated to by us. He's allowing us to get our way. Now. These dark swirls around the King are huge weakness because he has no darks. Where Bishop and we have darks, where bishops was very dangerous. Situation is, in example, we may want to do something like now attack his king cypresses with our ponds this night can't go anywhere. He was stuck over on the side, and he's been stuck inside his whole entire game. He's been having a deal with all of our little threats, asshole games, even though we don't have a big material advantage right now, we have a lot of threats simply because you've got a weak king and his pieces have all been made passive. You know, our all of our threats, this position that really did want to analyze and to learn from, because if you look at it, he actually has 11 more than it. Still, we only have five months and he has six, but his book hasn't moved. All of our pieces or passes are active. A rocket aimed towards King or King has saved. His king has exposed. His bishop is passing. Defending this upon our vision is very, very active. And we have these open dark squares. So we've created a lot of little weaknesses. And that's what chess is all about is even something called The principle of two weeks is where you can create to instead should be able to win the game. And our opponent has. I think, more than Jewess is yet a week night. He's got a week bishop and a weak king. He basically is. Three witnesses were going to exploiting weaknesses right now by attacking the King and taking advantage of these two very powerful pieces, this bishop and this rook. Now these pieces are even more powerful again because our own it doesn't have a dark square . Bishop, this work can't be attacked by this Bishop this night can't do anything. He's stuck and his bishop can't even be attacked by any ponds. This pond is past it and has no problem with C file. So this bishop cannot be moved. The only way is basically possibly challenged without them was material. For example, Threatening it with Brooke is with this night this night can't go anywhere. And so it is very dangerous. It is not easy to see what Black can do to stop our attack coming on whose pond down here and it's going to open up his position and lead to all kinds of tactics and threats. And so this is a winning position for White. It would take a very long time to go through every single possible way that we've finished that game off. But the key here since for studying openings is just to understand how tactics flow out of this pond. Ziani, uh, position black thinking they're making okay moves. They're just making themselves really passive. We could be aggressive if it goes. Think of being too eager to trade and center. Here. We have these tactics. We can push this pond over here and choke him up. And if he takes it, we have all these nice tactics. And when he takes back either the right or the night here in this case, we said the night so he wouldn't lose the building. A castle that night was stuck there all game, and we had lots of activity of things we could do. Now I'm showing you betrayed. The Queen's off as well is to show you that even picture the queens up. We get a much better position than them. But you by no means have to trade queens up. If he goes there at threatens to trade Queens. By all means, we can keep our queen on the board. We don't have traded. You could move. Put our queen to see seven. You wouldn't want to try to trade again if we do that so we can simply use something like Tucker. You know, a way back to G three. You even let him castle. But now our Queens in a very aggressive position and we saw really good development. And his, you know, not having upon here on a child is a weakness for him. We get attacked that later. It makes it much easier for us to attack this king. Now we can castle here and our bishop easily come out a routine come over our nights in a good position are queens in a dangerous position for his king. And again we get if we get a better, uh, game because of this. Okay, now the next lesson we look to see what happens if we do this. And Black seas, all those moves decide. I'm not gonna take here with the Bishop because he sees those tactics. What will happen? 8. Lesson 8 Advanced Pawn Variation: So if our opponent decides OK, we don't want to let happen. Was that happened last lesson? And they simply want to get their King Castle and get safe. They can do that by Fianca doing their bishop and then Castle. It's what's the only way because obviously the bishop can go the East seven because it would lose it and they don't want to take it, cause we saw already would have to do that. So problem is, though again they have these issues of being ableto develop and untangle without giving back the material eventually have to give us back that pawn. Only when they do, they're gonna give us back the pond. Plus, we have a better position. So as it happening in the until any similarly to what happens in the Queen's gambit, accepted that you get the pawn back. But you also get a better position, which is my most time. Black will decline the gamut in the queen's gambit because it leads to a worse position also matter what. So this case will be taken upon back with our night, and if they decide to go ahead and think really, the castle, the castle and then we just cement this upon here on de six. We get a fish about and fork this night. First we want Teoh. If he gets his lookout, we defend the night. We don't need to move the night. We want a defendant. We want to keep all of these aggressive, dangerous pieces close to his position. We can, and so he's gonna be doing what every candidate had developed Its pieces are pond being here? This is really a huge thorne at our point side, not remove this pond is really a big deal. So say you just something this once again would be a mistake because we can just simply play. We can play a C five, and now this is like a permanent fixture of the position and black gonna be doing whatever they can to try to get their pieces out over here on the A and B files. And it's gonna be really, really easy for us to dominate this position. The night is pinned so he can't move. They would lose the queens. That's a minor annoyance are Night is in this dangerous position, threatening things. For example, if we go to Queen toe beat three here were not threatened to capture on F seven and win material and maybe even make it checkmate of at least win a piece and ponds. It's just not easy for Black to play this man. He wants to attack this point here and get a night out. And we can do a couple of things because simply defend that upon and get our queen and Bishop linked up like this. Or we could do something even more aggressive and we could threaten what I already said this pollen on here and let him take this pawn c five. We want to calculate and see what happened. We did allow us to do that. You get a check or some into the corner and we have a lot of threats here because if we move this night now two F seven, if this queen of gone before going to queen, the RUK and that would end the games, that's a potential threat. We do have to be cognizant of the fact that our night here is his Pindar Rook is behind it . So we move the night, then they would be able to take our Rocca make it back. Drink, checking in on us. We gotta get this night out here. You got me thinking about these things. But this is the kind things that you can calculate. We don't want to take this night yet because he can take back. Everything is gonna be fine for him. You gotta be careful. Make sure that you calculate well, the situation, but we're still in the driver's seat. Were the ones that are attacking or the ones that have tactics and a lot of these opportunities. Actually, we could even do something. This I noticed we have tax take this night is defending this rook. The same picks back of the bishop now to be discovered. Attack. We sacrifice this night. Make a check, lose the night. But now we win this rook and games over because he would have to take it would be checkmate if you didn't take it with the queen. Now we get our points queen with a check, and I mean we can you take here. We went all the way When all these pieces basically there's nothing he can do in the game is over. Such one example of how a position like this can play out when your opponent lets you view your ponds up on the 5th 66 Drinks like this and get our our peace is so deeply into our opponent's position early in the game and the Ponzi only again, it naturally flows into these kinds of positions, and it's just it's a minefield for our opponent. There's so many things that we can do the so many different tactical opportunities. So they're having to constantly make these good decisions and not make mistakes. And again, I'll keep keep hammering this point home. It takes them time to navigate the positions. What ends up happening. A lot of my blitz games, the Ponzi on me because I get a big advantage on time position might stay equal or might have only a small advantage of the board. My opponent is definitely trying to find good moves and the Nazis defined, whereas I'm simply making these easy threats that blowout in addition, so I usually end up having a huge advantage on time and on my point will make a mistake of time, runs down the win or some amazing points if he runs out of time, because our plan again. So in this case, they wouldn't want to take this point tonight. They want to deal with this threat first, but it's not so easy to deal with because of our pond being on the six here. There is no peace can go on the East seven or C seven, and so he can take this on because of this threat. He's gotta defend this threat, and basically the only way to do so in this position is that it was rook back over into passive square, and so we don't get any material here. We've put his pieces on the most passive squares possible, and that's what this position is all about. So we have multiple threats. We've got tons of space. We got more active pieces, and it's just easy. Uh, game, too. Play, Um, so I hope you got to see how clear it is the advantage that you get in the pond. Ziani. When your opponent makes any of these moves that would seem basic. It all starts from the mistake. I mean, it's basically mistake to play night at six here, but it's the most natural looking move again. That's why it almost everyone will play it if they don't know what they should do. What you get is to play d five are gonna go here. They think that they're getting a night out with tempo attacking upon that, we play deforming north upon it takes it would kick the night he moves back. This is where all of his troubles begin. No matter where he goes, If he takes his pawn out Teoh defendant he loses a piece with bad position. Put his night back here. Then we gain space. You got a definition. If he wants to try to get rid of our our central pawn, we have tactics. Europe discovered attack. And so he says, Okay, I don't want to pull for those tactics. We saw what happens. He falls of those tactics and he takes out with Bishop. He says, Well, I didn t want to get castles. We takes time to get Castle. We win this pond back in the center. No matter what we do, basically we get a better position than him and now we have you know, we let him castle, but we're ahead and development has got to react to things that we're doing because desperate right there. And we we lock in this really, really powerful, annoying pawn chain right here. So that's how the way that it could play out, and the next lesson we will look at another very 9. Lesson 9 Taking Advantage of the Pin: another variation that I want to show you guys. If you get this point where he plays the night back to have six and we play upon up. If instead of playing C six as we analyze in the last couple of lessons, trying him really like, get rid of our strong center. If he sees that that would kind of mess up his position, he may simply play descends instead. Stop the advancement of our opponents so we can't do that and try to get his peace is also just look to see what happens. But what can happen if, uh, play flows from here? Remember, we always have to worry about this pond coming down here. But we have this movie Queen two d two so that he can't take it, especially right away, at least. So let's say we get a bit about like before he breaks that pin and gets ready to Castle. We put our queen on you, too. Now that there's no pin, we have to play this move immediately. If we castle, then you'll be able to play upon down. The four and four are pieces and we won't we have any saving move because his king is now covers. You gotta be really careful ingest that we keep track of the changes in the position. Every single time and move is made that those two pieces of our state because we had that community to move. But once you cover up the king and there was no longer safe, we have to play this move here now to stop upon from coming down. And so say he castles. We castle. Now if he moves his book over here I started with a little bit dangerous for us because it's across from our queen and it looks like he could maybe push this pond now. So I'll show you some taxes here and highlight how important is first calculate really carefully. But it comes to these really dangerous, tricky scenarios. The move, order and the peace captures are super important. One will lead to you losing a piece, and one will need to you winning piece. So we need to make sure that we understand this on dynamic. So say we get a night out and he goes ahead and pushes this pond down. Teoh e for it looks like we can simply take that home because we have 123 pieces attacking it. And he only has two pieces or excuse me, only one piece defending. It looks like we could easily take it. But we see if we're not careful, we can't lose a piece because the way the position will end up after some trade have been made is that we will have a piece in between the book and our queen and they will be able Teoh, make a advantage of take advantage of the pin that has made and with peace, for example, let's say we simply go ahead and do everything we can do, which is take the on. He takes our night. Now he exposes an attack on our bishop to pieces. And so basically, we have to take this bishop on he seven. It forces in to take back right away because we're turning his queen. And I say he takes that the RUC we go ahead and take this night and now he plays at five and we're going to lose a piece here. So you need to be able to calculate that variation clearly and C that after those trades were made we're gonna lose his piece because we can't move it because his Brooke will take our queen. I can't take this part. Will be if we move our queen guy, the way his palms going to take our bishop. So we would actually lose a piece if we allow him to play this move. And then we take it with our nights. Okay, But we don't take it. We're gonna lose a piece as well because he's already made the fork. The key, though, is that once he goes here is we have to take his night. First we take his night first. That changes everything because we take a night, then we can take the pawn and you still trying to make a pin on us. But as we'll see, it won't work this time. So we take the night first. I'm trying to do takes back. Now we go ahead and we take this pawn with our bishop. And even though there are ways for him, you try to take advantage of this pin that he has, we can get out of it. So, for example, let's say he goes on there and he pressures it. OK, we've got two defenders, so we're OK for now. We can add another offender. He can't quite ticket yet. If he does take it, we take with our night as we'll see. Then we can go ahead and just take back and everything is fine And let's say he tries to make a pin here. Now this is a blunder. It looks like he isn't taking advantage of our night. But we have capture here with check that he has to deal with. He's going to lose material. So if he goes ahead and thinks I'm just going Teoh pile up on this piece and like we saw before and attacking more, we can simply take this bishop right here. If he takes back with upon, Well, we win a rook because because Queen takes our queen and now we basically won the game. We're also going to get this pot or this point, nothing you can do about it. And we're also going to move our look over here, totally dominate this e file and the rocks on seventh ring time. He's just a nightmare. It's over. So it's so important for us to know how to calculate carefully and see the position Now, This position here we take here, he doesn't move the queen over and allow us to do that. We still have a better position. His night hasn't moved yet. We have to active nights in the center of the board that are defended. Our queen is also defending this pond. Now, if he decides to go ahead and take this pawn here, that would be a good move. Actually, it wouldn't be. We take this Bishop, you can't take This night's defended, so we we just want a piece there. So we can't do that here. So we can't do that. Um And he's got in trouble here because if he does something like normal is to say, for example, he does something like, uh, he was upon for just to show you guys also, we can actually take this. Is it right here now? Because if you take to the night, we get the ruk if he takes it with upon we take the ruk and then he takes a queen and then we win Teoh that way. So there's lots of again tactics from our side. Let's be really careful. So the right thing for him to do here once you've taken here is to try to move his night out. It was night out and simply defend this Bishop now does that us taking here doesn't work anymore. At least not gay material, because it takes back, everything is defended and we don't gain anything. So it's fine for us. It just means that that tactic is not going to work anymore. But he had to step through this land, mines, land mines, all these different scenarios where he would lose and we would win in order to give you sew it. By the time you got to this point in a real game, you would be probably weigh upon the clock and having a much better position. We've got a stronger center. We've got more space thing to do in this situation. Simply get a night out of the pavement moving the queen over. Perhaps Teoh, too. Where were aimed? Over here is age seven square. Maybe we can create some tactics on that square. Um, for example. See, doesn't he was night for this. Try to make some threats and get his night into a good position. We could do something we could look to do. We can't do this quite yet. Play G five. I think it still take it. Take it and we lose material. But if we can get our knight to G five and then we'll be threatening queen and night over here on on a sentence, That might be something that we can look at doing. Boring. Stupid. For now, just continue toe activator pieces, get our or rocks in the center and fight from here. So this would be a situation where your opponent made a lot of really good moves, was able to untangle, um, successfully and, you know, get a pretty good position. But it probably had to use a lot of time to do that. And we still have more space and more active pieces. We still have a better position here. This rook is still a home. The bit the queen has not moved yet. Still home. And so we have an advantage in space. We could maybe push the c pawn and, you know, make a trade there and weaken his position. We attack over here, we get attacked. King side were the ones that are pressing all the action and he is the one he or she that is playing defense. And that's what the ponds Young is all about, and every single variation that looked at we get a better. 10. Lesson 10 Best Play by Black: So in this lesson, we're gonna change tack a little bit, and we're gonna go through a game where your opponent doesn't play night to have six but instead plays what is considered to be the best move, as I mentioned previously, immediately plays D five. What tends to happen in this situation is you will have a very sort of messy game with lots of tactics, and it's an immediate fight in the center. This is the best way for Black to fight against the Pont Yanni. As you notice. All of a sudden both of its bishops could move out, and we have not yet been able to play D four. And they are threatening to play, do you four and push their pond down and gain spaces that need take here and sort of discombobulated us. And if we simply go ahead and take here, 25 were activating their queen and bringing the queen of the center. We can then play before, but they will have one to three pieces all end on. And so they get a really good game out of this. So I'm gonna show you guys an example of how we can react to this. How we can play this in a way that will lead to an advantage for White, even if Black plays very well. So one thing is likely to happen after this if we play well, is we should immediately play G four. Don't take that pawn and let black get in the driver's seat and start dictating to you. Now, whenever you have a situation like this where you have two ponds or were, say multiple on sometimes in the center where there are a few different ways that exchange can happen get very, very careful and calculate really well because the outcome of this exchange could very well the to a winning or losing position. It's a typical situation and chest where you want to take the necessary time you calculate very carefully and see. OK, what happens if he takes here and take back? He takes here tonight. Take here. You got a company. Each different scenario, a lot of thing that will happen up and then we're gonna look at this example is your opponent will simply take before and threaten our night. It appears that we're gonna have to move our nights and then they can defend this plant. Looks like maybe the winning upon. If we simply take back this part right here, they can exchange queens or they can take our They can take our night first and then exchange queen. So looks like really is a piece. So the thing to do here is push on forward. And that way, if they take our night, we can take their night Not first blush if you just give us a cursory glance It looks bad because it looks like the bigger night. And then we take their night and then they they trade queens, thus forcing us to take back of their king and lose the ability to castle it. That's the depth of your analysis. Then you're going to miss Well, actually will end up being a good position for White. Don't dismiss the outcome of your calculation. If you just stealing, okay, I may lose ability, Castle. That's gonna that you need to calculate through to the end of all possible exchanges. And you may see that with deeper calculation you're gonna end up better off. So just have a look here. Say, for example, that the pond takes the night. Honestly, we can't just take back that pawn because then he'll move his night and we will have lost a piece. We have to take the night now materials equal. But if he does, go ahead and do what we kind of feared and takes our queen forcing us to move our king and therefore lose the right to castle we can take here. Excuse me. We've taken here. If he takes Are are upon rare. And then we take the on as well that we noticed that he hasn't isolated upon. And we do not. We have these double ponds. He also had double ponds, but he hasn't isolated Ponder here. So what has happened is he's going to be able to most likely still castle. But in this case, it's not that big of a problem for us not to be able to cast. So for example, let's say you just get pieces out. We do this day there's something like this into found here. And well, one thing we can dio say after he castles and we can do an artificial castling is what we call it. So we just move our king over to here. Let's see what this bishop, Unless you're kind of square and just give the example to go Bishop out threatened to take this night double despond, so probably want to bitch. And then let's say we take our night out so our king basically gets Newcastle position. Anyway, we're gonna move our look out and we're gonna have an equal position except for the fact that we have a target. Like has an isolated on. He can't move this part for workers. He's Penn and we basically have unequal game. And it's gonna be a good fight is gonna be a lot of tactical opportunities because ponds have been traded. We've got the stack bonds, so there's lots of open diagonals files and so it's gonna be a sharp tactical battle to see who can gain an advantage. Once the queen's come off the board. Your king position, it doesn't have to be quite safe having her king here and after we more look out and maybe tucking back toe, be one. It would be just the same as if you castles about the big of a deal. This king situation here, if the queen's were still on the board would be much more precarious, and it would lend itself to a lot of tactics, perhaps an attack on the key. Once the queen's come off the board, there's a lot less dangerous. That's one thing that could happen. It's one way that this could play out. Another way that I could play out is if they mistakenly, because a lot of times don't think. OK, well, instead of doing that, I'm gonna take on G to hear this pawn and threaten these beasts. But if you do this all of a sudden, we get a really good position we can take back with our bishop. And it's been a big mistake for Black. They didn't calculate carefully because now, if they go ahead and take his pawn here, which may may do in a let's game, although probably is a little bit too obvious is we're going to know when the rib my taking his poem in check and, uh, King gonna have to move for the business, gonna have to block, and it will take the book. So that's pretty much the end of the game to go down that much material. That's what away that Lincoln blunder the situation and they could lose. But But they dont take that on. There's no other way to take it. We're going to be able to take this pond and get a good business. So one thing that might also Dio is play upon to be six, in which case, Now we've got a very powerful forn and black side, and it's gonna be difficult for the bishop to get to a good square. And our vision will be defending this pond, and so that's gonna be a big weakest on their part. Next thing we might do is attack this pond says it's a forcing move. You simply have to defend it. So we activate a piece with tempo. We always want to think about how we can activate pieces with temporal, can do anything except to defend this part of the ones that simply gonna lose upon. So they're gonna have to do something like take a fish about and defend it and while they're occupied reacting to us and we are continuing to get our pieces out and build our position with, of course we want. And since our King and lost the ability to castle we're going to work on Castle. It move the night a couple times, so they get their night out. And now we can attack their bishop and also were attacking this pond full our Brooke and our nights. And it's not easy to see what they can do to defend this planet that push it down. We're starting a winning because you've got a bishop and a look on its two pieces only defended by one. So we're gonna win this pond with the castle's because it could take it right now. But our night, for example, Castle, just take it and we win upon. If you're worried about something like this move or now there's two pieces on the night. It looks like the nice pin. But just as long as the piece behind the pain is defended, we can simply just move the peace. If he wants to trade Brooks, then this. It's fine. We're the one to have an advantage. We're now up in material that was really strong upon here. It's very annoying, and we have really good, basically winning position. That's another way that that scenario can play out. Probably the best move for black at this point instead of play, B six would be to move the Brookover because now, if we do decide to go ahead and take this pawn black can take it back and essentially force that bitch of trade or forces that play. We don't want to trade that, Bishop. You can play a three. And for now we can avoid a bishop trade. You can't push this pond down. Take it. And so this is the kind of position you're gonna have to be a bit messy. All right, they're gonna be focused on getting their pieces out. We could still play this move. What you want is a very logical move. They're still gonna be trying to defend this. Bishop, We have a similar scenario than what we saw before. ING still played basically the same moves with basically the same breasts This time, though, the position being slightly different. He is able to defend this pawn to pieces, but we're still dictating the game. Here we are, the ones that are making a black react to us. We can play night a five or suspicion to move, because if we if we did trade off this night for this bishop are white. Bishop would become very powerful. Always remember, and chest that in general. If you have an active bishop on light squares and the opponent doesn't have a Landsberg Bishop, your lightsquared bishop becomes much more powerful because there is no other bishop to oppose you. And the same thing is true for obviously the dark supervision. You can trade off that bishop and your pieces active that it becomes very probably it becomes your so called good Bishop. You just gotta make sure that bishop act of your mission was blocked in by a bunch of ponds that locked down into a pawn chain and you trade off the other sides bishop of that color. It may not necessarily help you in that case, but in general, if you bishop active, trading off the other bishop would be Excuse me. A good thing that's that's one option. We could simply activate this. Visually, we could put it here on anyone in this piece and make a move. While we are officially castle working, we can threaten again to take this night and make him double this part of working which you bad. Most likely, he will then play this move and further defend uh, this pond. But basically he's reacting to us. He's in a defensive posture. All of our pieces are active and we have a clear target here Who then do is mover king over into this artificial castle position. And then our next threat would be to move this rook to D one or both of our books from the center. And now they can put pressure on this Bishop because we could take it with a night and he would before steak like upon and human whose upon again, So just say as example, he says a little special to be here with back now. He wouldn't want to do this. This is generally a bad thing to do in chefs and weakens your king position. Sometimes it z tempting, Fortunate pointed back, but that's not a good idea. Let's just say he does something like he wants to activate this rook on, move his bishop somewhere else, just for example, it's he was bishop here. Now you have this threat and he's gonna be forced to move. Is to bishop this bishop or defendant? This bishop move actually really good because otherwise, if you have moved to push it back or something like that in order to defend it, and he would have lost his night, so this would have actually been a really good move by his ship. But now notice He still only has two pieces defend this pond. We couldn't put this bitch upon it. There's no attacking this bone with one to three pieces will be forced to play something like this to defend it and thus weaken his king side. And now he's got a potential light square weakness because all these last years around his king are open. And so our legs for bishop is potentially very strong weaken trade off this light square divisions. So maybe we do something like this and we attack the light square Bishop, and he has to go along with that because that we wouldn't be simply this night. So we're basically forcing here to trade off this lightsquared, uh, bishop. So it looks like a little way to not lose this night. Maybe he can move his bishops on were, like, here. Just see if you can avoid there's anyway from him or any, because I mean you could do check. I mean, he has a doing here and basically get his bishop over toe a six, but by forcing him to react to us some or were still in the driver's seat, were continuously giving him probably salt. We can play our night, say, six. Now that Israel maybe he turns our night so we could go over this game forever. Never. But the point is that we are dictating the pace of the game. Our opponent is reacting to us and giving him lots of problems to solve the problem, to take time off the clock. And our position is flowing much more naturally. And so that's another way that it's gonna play out. Even though our opponent was able to turn up, we could force us to lose castling. You have to look at other aspects of the position, not just that one situation. We end up with a good position because our opponent leaves us with this target in the center of the board's isolated on. Yes, it's defensible, but when you defend something, we have to use multiple pieces. Mobile resource is to do that defense. Then we are free to continue to force our opponent to react to us. And then we try to take advantage of the principle to weaknesses, which says that if you can open up a second weakest, an opponent's position, you should have a winning position. So it looked like we created some witnesses trying to trade off that light spirit. Bishop forced him to put it onto a bad square, give us opportunities to win ponds. He was opportunities to get a night into the enemy's camp. And that's what chess is all about. It's about being strategic finding, forcing moves, ways to force your opponent, no matter what they do into a worse position. And then eventually we will win the game. So despite the fact that black players best move here D five, as long as we play this way, we take the pond, proceed with a D four first, and if he plays this and then we push forward enough of the good position and a really good game. So just remember that that's a good way to react to this. And next lesson. We'll look at another way to react to this move. If he does something 11. Lesson 11 B4 Variation: and his lesson. We look at yet another example of really good play from black and the situation that you might find yourself in if black trades ponds differently. So instead of taking here on e four, we're gonna look at what if our opponent takes here defore and basically it leads to a transposition of the position. If we play best weaken Dio as we can simply take back on, we take back on D for you. Five sees me like this and the night has to move but shooting queens to take it. Otherwise it was upon and then we simply take back as well. So it becomes a pretty symmetrical position. But the position is fundamentally different before notice. They've got the queen of the night well, that Europe on. But we have two defenders. This is a typical situation that we call and I can be isolated Queens pond. It was on the last example. He said that was a target. So in this situation, now we have a target that they can focus on. However, usually when you have a nice little queens bond while you're giving up something in the sense of having a target and having to defend this pawn in this case gets its queens are still on the board. It's also a strength because this means that we have these diagonals and files around this pond for our pieces to be mobile and noticed that are, pieces can can advance very rapidly, whereas blacks are slightly more hindered and less. Actress. Let me just show you the example of how this game my play out. So let's say they give us a check here which a lot opponents will do. Is old saying in chess, you say Pastor sees check Patzer place check you of course Check of always a good move is necessarily do anything in this case was activated night and block it And if the opponent immediately says I'm gonna take this night, we take back with our pawn here and actually help us has taken away this isolated upon and it's given us a pawn chain of two ponds and it's given us a strong center so it doesn't make sense from black to take this night. In fact, this black bishop is dark where Bishop is their most active piece. So we'd be happy if they trade off right away. So instead of doing so, let's say something like this happens. It is developed at night. We develop our pieces Castle Castle and made way. Put suspicion back before I said It's not necessarily good to force a bishop back like this . That's on Lee. When the king is here. When the king is not here, then we can do this and for getting space for our pieces. And it's an OK thing. Teoh do now. He has three pieces the night the bishop of the Queen. And there I said it Queen's pawn. So we're gonna need to make sure that we defend us in the third piece. Always be careful. That's the one we could do that is. Get this bishop out to eat three and we're gonna be defending this pump. So basically we have a more or less equal position. We have a slight leading development since notice that the lightsquared fish one black hasn't moved out yet and we have pretty active pieces because of the isolated queen's pawn . And there's a lot of tactics and things that we can do, but still it's basically on equal position. Both sides have a good chance toe win. And so this is the best play from black 90% of time. You're gonna see what we saw in the previous lessons where Black reacts to our Ponzi money by playing six, and you're gonna get a really big advantage as we saw and all of those different exact spot . If your partner is that they're doing, they put g four and we have this big pond exchange in the center. This is the kind of position that is going to lead to and by no means bad for White. It just means that black plate directly and not going to have a normal struggle. And that's fine to to just be prepared for this type of a position that's a black most activate that, Bishop. We want to do something like get our queen out and get ready to connect our rooks course. Actually, this case I missed the fact that we could take blacks queen years. Let's go back to where that could have happened. So basically, when I first moved his night out here, the queen either has to move or they would want to take our night. Now the Queen can move, making even moving. It was check like, for example, going here. But one thing you know, it wasn't careful of if you the person that's moving your queen around during the opening is that every time you move your queen, you basically lose a tempo because we are moving our pieces out with tempo. And that means that we're moving more efficiently. We're moving outpaces into optimal places where we want them to be. And you are basically wasting development will be completed. And that's why they say, Don't take your clean out too early in the game By moving your queen two or three times, you are not able to move this night out. You're not able to move his bishop in this case, we definitely giving his check. You just helped us develop another piece by putting our fish appear to block check. And you're also blocking the development of your fish. As Bishop can come out to D seven but was not able to come out to more acts were like F five or G four. So this is actually hurting you. We're also now having this threat of a of a pin here coming so say, for example, Black makes a mistake and develops his night somewhere here. Actually still can't play this because he can just take it. Let's say the castle that name Castle's now this night is no longer pinned to the king and we can play this move Pawn toe D five pitting this piece. Nothing takes it, we can take it and we have one. A peace here now It could be a little bit dangerous if he puts our night into a pin. What exactly will happen? We suspended again and it could get a little bit dicey here. But the point is, they won. Remember is opening principles and what to do So that might, if you analyzes correctly of black blitzes correctly after playing this move, the best thing to do for him by simply to be to go ahead and take that night. Don't move the queen again and go ahead and make this trade by making that trade. He still has efficiency with his opening because he hasn't had to move the queen multiple times, and his queen is also in the center. But they strengthened our center by allowing us to take back that bishop with the pond, and now we have a stronger center. The damage that is part of the centre black has no ponds in the centre at all, and they also gave us the bishop Air. Remember that? Generally speaking, having both bishops on the board on one of your opponents bishops is now off is a strength because the business can control full color squares, both light and dark square. So the advantage of the bishop air is well known. It's not always an advantage. Depends on the position, for example, that the position is more close, with a lot of palms being locked up in the center and not a lot of activity going on. The nights become stronger because they can jump. And so in that situation, the nights more valuable ambitions. But in this situation we have a semi open position with the ponds, so the ponds having been traded. And so now we have these very, very active bishops and it's dark. Lord Bishop, especially, is going to be a good piece that we're probably not going to want to trade off for one of blacks nights, for example, because since there is no Dr Bishop for Black to oppose this piece. As I mentioned in the last lecture, this could become a very powerful piece. So basically black made a mistake by playing his bishop to be for checking. Okay. Patrick sees Check. Patzer, please check. Don't make a check on your opponent just because of the check. In this case, it seems like maybe you're getting your piece out with tempo. But when we block with the night were attacking this queen and even though the night spin right now and it can take the queen, it's still really dangerous to leave it like this because it's easy to forget If we castle overworking the night is no longer Hey, So let's say we don't take the don't take the the night here And we also don't move our queen again and making the check which again I told you was a wasted Let's say, since tonight is paying for the time being that we go ahead and follow this night move, we develop trade trade blackness has to remember in this situation here now, this night is no longer pen for Queen is under threat cause our king is moving between either has to move, which again is moving the queen twice. It's not that big of a deal, but in chess you have to make every move count to be as efficient as possible. And so we're having to move his queen back, for example, with Queen back here, which is a safe place to go now they have moved their queen twice and we can do something that could say, Take our bishop out, make a pin on this night, and we're getting the upper hand here. We are ahead and development. This bishop has moved. The queen has moved twice. Every single one of our pieces has been developed removed, except for our our queen, which we can move nest. So in order to avoid having to of the queen again, again, we're left with the option of blacks would be saying, I'm going to take this night and then we have the same situation before we got a strengthened center with the active bishop pair. Okay, so does these the things you want to be thinking about when you play the plans, Eonni back plays best move D five. This trade happened like this. This is going to be a good position for you should be able to win this game. Of course, there's also opportunities for Black. It was slight. Lead it in development, you better, slightly stronger center. But anybody can still win this game. But out of the opening, you have an advantage, and that's usually what you want. And the next lesson we're gonna get one Mawr example of how this D five response can play out. If Black doesn't play, this bishop moved to make a check if they use submits a even better. 12. Lesson 12 Activating Pieces with Tempo: So this lesson I want to show you guys, uh, play is slightly different. How? It still ends up with a really similar position out of this opening, and once again, we can get a really good outcome. So again, if they go ahead and they trade, are pollen's here in the center, we take back queen case we take here, they're isolated. Queen Point is like the last example. But instead of the bishop coming down to before making the check, they decide what? We're gonna get our night out instead. And we are going Teoh, develop this first and not make that check. Which leads to the other scenario that we saw. Well, in this case, we could still should be played. Night toe, See, three forced the queen back. We're developing with tempo. This is a clear example of how getting the queen up in the Senate, which they had to do in order to maintain the material and recapture upon here it opens them up, do off their opponent, which is us getting these tempo gaining moves. And so we develop our night. You gotta move on the last example I show the queen moving back to the starting point, which is a reasonable place to go. We've seen one of the open is called the Scandinavian Defense, where there's an initial pollen trade being usually either goes to the back of the eight or a five if they go back to the A and we could bring our bishop out and make a pin and they'll continue to develop and that'll be fine, I'm gonna show you instead that the bishop moves over here Teoh a five, which is often a move that is played. Instead of going back to their starting position, they put it over here to the sign, which makes it seem like it's in a safe place. We're gonna look at another example of how this complaint actually played a game with these exact moves. Just a few days ago, my opponent seem we knew what he was doing against the pond Ziani. But then he lost his queen. It's a game and he was a 1700 written players. So let's see looking happen here. So So you get a fish about Regretted Castle. Active place should go aimed at seven Bomb. Just very normal. Let's say they think OK, Well, I'm gonna get my fish about and I'm going to target this knife we were Now don't defend this night enough. They can take it and then when a phone with material. But we simply defend the night. Our mission and everything is fine and say we both castle and he does a natural move like it's his rook out. Whatever. Everything seems fine for Black. This pond is defended. It looks like we're having a normal struggle on Ben. If we play a three were not fortune. It's midship. Either move back or two. Take the night here again. We see if they go ahead and take the night than just like any other examples we can take back with upon. And we have a strong center. Black has no ponds in the center, and we have these to pump the Senate this pond here and he affords a good piece because controlling C five and E five these are potential outposts for more opponents that they can't go to, and their potential output is outposts for us that we can put our pieces too. For example, if this night moves or whatever's, we've got a really in center. We've got active bishops, we have the bishop hair. And this queen is now actually in a pretty dangerous situation here because it's across from our bishop. So in the future, we're able to move his pawn. We can attack it with tempo and can't get back to a 60 where Bishop is so to see what would happen here. Let's say that you're a natural thing. I could make a pin on our night and get their bitch about the movie. You will see him back to give. This is This is a real game that I played a few days ago. I said we brought my bishop back to defend this break pin. But see now notice. The dynamic of the situation is that both of my bishops are aimed in the direction of the opponents queen, and if they're not really careful about this, they can lose their queen, For example, Right now, a really good player would have moved the queen back to maybe B six, although if they go there, I could take my rock out with tempo, and then he's basically stuck. He has to go back here, so he needs to figure out a way. It is queen safe. Nothing you do is he was playing over to h five and kind of repeat this scenario that we just saw last time attacking this night is really, like option. Being separate puts his queen onto a better square. But again, he's moving his queen, uh, multiple times and we're not doing that. In fact, we haven't moved our queen yet at all. And so we've been gaining tempo and getting our pieces into good squares and they haven't moving their queen around, so it's really similar type of situation that we saw before. But why? Point did this is a blitz game. So maybe he just moved too quickly. It's that I would be a good idea to get his broke out into the center of ward, which is usually a good thing to do, right, aiming his rook down here, not allowing us to push our pawn forward and things like that. But he missed this move. I can play C four and I'm attacking his queen. You can't come down to a four as you lose its queen, and, um, the only way to save his clean. Basically, if you can move it over to this side of the board Teoh F five or H five, which is what he should have done. But he went here instead. You moved too quickly. His time was already getting low. He spent a lot of time on the clock during that opening in order to find some of those better moves that he made. And I've just been saying and blitz, You make your opponent have to think a lot of time gets down to make bad news in. Those guy was rated 1700. Pretty good rating. Human has been mistake here. And then we play C five. Now his queen is lost nowhere for him to go to save him. So So not game ended with him losing his queen. And, you know, even if he would have made better moves, for example, by going over here, he hasn't lost multiple tempo by moving his queen so many times. We had a strong, uh, center. So, you know, we could maybe push his night back, decide you can't go over here. The side. I can't go here because we could take his night and he takes and take back with our peace. So that doesn't work against this over passive, like back to E seven and we are games again. We probably wanted something. This forces bishop, you have traded back up. If it backs up, then he's in really passive position. And if he tries to trade and we've resolved this little situation and again forces queen to move and he's very passively situated, even though material is equal, we have a much, much more pleasant position. We have a lot of threats, a lot of things that we can do here because simply get a queen to more active spot. Attack these ponds. Macon react to us as we activate. You know, our pieces. There's so many things that we could do, hear a lot of choices. We contact this bond. You can't go here, is clean and take here, and he's gonna have to be even more passive. Who was right back over to defend this on and we just see that our position This is basically a winning position. As long as we're careful, we don't make any blenders. We're gonna have an easy time winning this game. And once again, Black didn't make any huge mistakes in this scenario. He just makes him inaccuracies. He just didn't play. Maybe the absolute best. These moves are all really natural. And so it just shows you again at the pond. Ziani, is it really strong opening? Even if your opponent kind of knows what to do, we could still get a really good position out of it. Or we can at least get a equal position. That's easier for us to play so actual instead of move this rook over. The best thing that black should have done was maybe moved between over here originally. But in that case, we can simply forces trade and have a similar situation to be heavy for horse A trade or because I don't want to make a trade. Um, I'm just gonna back my bishop up somewhere. Passive. Now, the problem is, we have a discovered attack on his queen, and, uh, we could do something like this. Attack is clean. And because clean, run some more Tuckett again in this case again, his queen would be trapped. I guess you go here, you can go here. We could trade it off and maybe just get a slight advantage. Forces adult. These bonds have a really strong center with the bishop pair on awkwardly placed night on the rim and a much, much easier position to play. We can activate our look. We can, uh, there are pieces on the active squares. I guess we're the last ones, too. Here. So you never go and our pieces are more active. He has two weaknesses of the weakness of these double ponds. He's got the weakest of not having the bishop air, which is a strength of ours. He has a night that's on the rim, that he's gonna have to take moves toe to adjust and maybe put back on F six. That takes time. While he's taking time to do that, we can be making strong moves that purpose. So again, we get a better position out of the plant. Zero money with solid play from black. Okay, and we look at a couple more examples of how things often go in the pond. Ziani. If your opponent either plays night to have six or plays an alternative move and how to deal 13. Lesson 13 The Principle of the Two Weaknesses: this lesson we look and see. What if our opponent neither plays 90 F six nor, uh, G five. Another option that it conservative player, my elect do is you simply play this move on to the six instead instead of challengers and set challenging. It's in the center right away, like we saw before or playing night f six. Did it say, I'm gonna go ahead and defend this pot another time and try to get by Bishop out. In this case, there's the whole point of playing C three and the whole point of the pond Ziani is to get a strong center is to attack the center is that we're gonna get played before immediately. Right away we played you for when they take, we take What we get is a very strong center. Let's say that they got the night. It's the natural move. We do the same. We defend this poem of ours. This is a very ideal situation. We have to pond center. We have both of our nights out and since in this case we trade off R C pawn, we now have this open diagonal our ambition to get out and we have a place where we could place on. Later, we'll see one and have 1/2 open file. It's a very harmonious position. And when you get a harmonious position with lots of space and lots of active pieces, and I'll say this over and over again because so important for us to understand if you want to be a good chess player, is that a lot of tactics and opportunities naturally will flow out of those situations. A lot of grandmasters and super grandmasters, those players. They're not actually calculating every single possibility every single time. But they just have so much experience and chest knowledge that they know when they start getting a winning position that out of that will come an opportunity in the game to finish their opponent on. This is the type of fundamental knowledge that will help us to do that. So we'll just see how a natural continuation of this position may progress. Let's say our opponent goes ahead and makes another typical pinning move to get the fish about very, very common is, you know, we played what's just we can get our bishop about and block the pen both of our ponds here in the Senate are defendant who's gonna make sure that no matter what they do, we continue to defend those ponds so they get to dish about both castle. We develop our bishop and defenders pawn on extra time. We make room for this, wrote to come over to see one and put pressure on this. See file. Same was queen up taxes, rooks Natural thing to do. You have a roof over and they will recover. Let's say we put upon appear because we want to both stop this night potentially coming down and also gain space by playing before potentially knocking this night off and putting pressure on C seven Later in the game, you can just look out City, go ahead and play that he says. I don't wanna I don't wanna have to move nicely plays a six year old sort of national developing moves. Now it looks as if the position is relatively equal. Notice. Black is much more cramped than we are at some point. Is gonna want probably took us bishop back here and over at this rook. But he didn't have much space. His ponds right here are restricted. This bonding on D six is constricting his development and our bonds both being inside edible control. More squares in the centre and opponents camp and also give us more space to arrange our peace. So nothing has happened yet. We haven't ain't trade yet, and we don't have a call winning position. We have a better position. We have a position that's much easier. Play again. Let's time is of the essence, and we're gonna have opportunities that come out of this. Also, it's just easier for are going to make a mistake. You got a position that's better. You're not really sure how. Toe press for an advantage without a force advantage, be patient and chest. Sometimes we have to be patient. You can't force the wind immediately, but what you can do is just increase the advantage of your position slightly and wait for your point to make a mistake, because much easier. But then, to make a mistake in these positions that it is for us, we don't really have to do much except for B patients. Let's say we move our look over, just continue to develop our pieces mawr and simple thing that a point will do if they started get impatient. They feel craft for their position. It's okay. I'm gonna push this pot board in the center and try to trade. So say, for example, I take this pond they take back with their night. If I do trade, they activate the queen. And now things were opening up. They may get impatient. Do something like this. Now it's pretty obvious to see this reply, but a lot of opponents in a blitz game that may look it was going to show you an example of someone trying to prematurely forces pawn into the center and force the trade that we simply go past upon. And now, all of a sudden, in one instant, we have a winning position. Justice. One little thing in the center gives us a winning with six behind even more space than we had before. And because of the way that black developed pieces, there's nowhere for this night to go except for two H by. This is a very ugly position. Already granted dese five with a bad move. Your opponents will often make bad moves when they get become impatient with their cramped position. They don't really see anything else that they can do to improve situation. And so this is the kind of thing that will often occur. So, for example, in this case, we can push this pawn up and division need to go back and make their position, even Mawr passing them before by going like Bishop, too. E six k, The bishop can't go toe five because then we moved g for we would be forking the bishop of the night. We were a piece. And so a portable Probably just take the night. We'll take back with our bishop. And again we have the bishop pair. We're threatening this night says our queen here behind the bishop again, this is just an example. Let's having harmonious coordination of our pieces. We didn't really do anything fancy to get to this situation. We just develop pieces well on our opponent Made a a mistake. The night can't go anywhere without losing getting lost. And now we have to win the game. Mature one is forced to play pawn to G six to defend the night and we need to take that night. And also what upon from the King? Actually, he has to do that. But some of them will say he plays this defending his night. So all he loses is upon. Or we can take this phone here on d five because we have a night and a bishop aimed at it. And even though it's defended by two pieces, those pieces are with Mawr than ours. It's a queen in a group so we can take this pawn we take. This part of the center is a really important Ponta lose because all of a sudden now we've got these two superpower policy center that are gonna give us a really dominant position. On the other hand, tickets night we're gaining a pond and putting our queen and very dangerous position. And he's now missing upon in front of this case is probably the best way to play. And we have ah, winning position here. It's gonna be pretty easy. Teoh Convert. We're only up one pawn. We have a massive amount of space advantage. You've got a stronger king. If weaker came the more aggressively placed queen and a black of the good player. There immediately gonna be trying Teoh, make a queen trade. They move the Queen over and trade with us. We're gonna try to avoid a queen trade if we can. But even if we can easily avoid Queen Trade, we're gonna end up with a pawn advantage and a potential pass pond. Here is Pawn on E five, which is still be able to win the game. Let's look at a few more moves that say he merely move his queen t six. He wants to come over here and trade with us in this situation, unless we see a really strong, big advantage. We want to avoid training Queens. The side that is under pressure that is playing defense always, always will benefit from trading off pieces. It relieves the pressure, it relieves our attack. And then they kind of regroup and try to go into endgame where they can try to get a draw or maybe even win in the end game. We have to anticipate that the queen wants to play G six here and try to trade our pieces by doing that trade off between the two. That's one thing we can do. It is not being greedy. And look for any immediate attack. We can simply, uh, back not giving him the opportunity to trade. And we are focusing to pieces back on this pawn here. We can't take it right now, but he can't trade queens yet. And he has to defend response. We maintain our one point advantage. We maintained, um, our advantage of him having a week or key now missing this very important point right in front of his king, especially when we still have our dark square bishop. And now we can look Teoh take advantage of his weaknesses. And this is what chess is all about. This is what playing strategic chess is all about. It's creating weaknesses and then focusing on those weaknesses. So I want you guys to kind of digest everything we saw in this lesson. And then we're gonna look at how we can take advantage of these weaknesses that we've created. Teoh finished off the game for the next list 14. Lesson 14 Converting Your Winning Position: and this doesn't really look and see how we can take advantage of the weaknesses that we've created in this position to finish off the game. So we're gonna look at how there are a lot of potential tactics. There are multiple ways that we can either checkmate or when the queen, but Black finds its way out of all these complexities and find the absolute best moves. We still end up with a pretty easily winning position. And so again, the process of winning and chest strategically his first know the opening is getting good position out of the opening. Create some sort of advantage or slight weakness and your opponent's camp, and then focus on that weekend. In this case, you got more space. We got a better King governor, active pieces. How are we going to use these advantages to finish our opponent off? We have a lot of opportunities that naturally flow out of these positions. So, for example, you may be thinking, Okay, I want to defend this pot. We've got two pieces and of this pawn, and there's something just called over defense. Moreover, protection where we have a potential weakness, we defended multiple times, so that first of all, our opponent is deterred from continuing to attack it. And secondly, we can move other pieces away so that we no longer have to, for example, keep our queen pin to this stuff to this pond in order to defend it. Which means that the queen can't be doing other, more important things in chess. We don't want to clean to be a defensive piece that ties it down and make useless what are going to be an attack in a peace, because it's so how good pieces for defense are the least valuable pieces. So the ponds are good for defense and even the night, and the bishop can be good pieces used for defense. We don't want to be using our rooks and queens for defense unless we have to enforce sometimes. But you have to do that. But we don't want our most powerful pieces to be tied down. The logical thing black new here might be. Think they're going to stack the roof. So let's say, for example, he moves his broke up to G seven, and he hasn't calculated carefully in these strategic positions where I have time to win pieces around. You may not see some of the dangers. For example, I can see that if I were out by night here from C three to eat Jewish, just one move. All of sudden I'm threatening play. I'm threatening to play F four and attacking his queen Queen has almost no place to go without losing the Queen and losing a lot of tears. So say, for example, he misses this. He plays roughly seven happily night t two and he goes ahead and finishes the stacking of his rooks to defend this pawn. Now, in this case is a disaster. I can play like that for the queen. Can Onley go to H 60? Only place that it's safe Can't go to any of these other squares. And so what happens now? I can go 96 Attack queen and also attack This rook queen has to move somewhere to get out of the way of the bishop And then I can take this Brooke and win in exchange. Now I'm up even more material and all of blacks witnesses remain. There is really nothing they could do to win this position. All I have to do is not blunder and making horrible airs and I should be able Teoh pretty easily convert this into wind. Let's go back and see if elected something differently. Let's say he plays Rook to D seven and then after we play tonight move, He realized OK, Once you place night floor, this is going to really hurt me. I'm not gonna take the time to move my rook over instead of a movement Queen G six so that when you when I played at four then the queen can escape. So we play same move de for and then he backs up now, though, have some really dangerous things I could do. One thing I can do I can look at is what if I play night to h five. It looks like that doesn't quite lead anywhere. Black can get out of it. But this move e six is very, very forceful. It's a very forceful move right here. OK, notice that by playing this I'm opening myself up to potential counter play from black. We have to analyze and calculate what will happen if he goes ahead and takes here because of the night things here on before he's attacking my queen. And so it looks like I might lose upon or he might be able to leave the position. But that's what we have calculated that he plays. They captured the four, threatens McLean if I take the night back and he takes his upon what you think a night like he takes my bishop, I haven't would get anything, Um, but I can play this check move first, but check And almost any way that he responds to this. He's going to be losing the game almost immediately. Takes with the queen. It's a disaster because I can now just win this piece. I take the night off when a whole other peacetime up. I'm a peace, and all the other revenge is that we have. So that loses if he takes instead with King. Then again, it's really bad because now I could take the night and take back with this queen. But then I can win the queen. But by 1986 I make it check and say yes to move King back. And now I could take a cleaner with a piece in this particular, uh, scenario. Okay, let's say instead of taking on this king. He simply moves his King f eight. But then I can either take this night and then it's check me because the king can't move anywhere. You can take the poem or I can simply take his ropes, force him to take that and then take the night. Checkmate is better, so the other option stronger. But there are just tons and tons of threats now, and I'm up a whole bunch of material pretty much no matter how this plays out, because there are so many opportunities in my strong position and his Week one, I just re rounding another piece. I could take advantage of legal. So he has the weaknesses in the position, and then all we need to do is bring more force to bear on the weakest. She's trying to hold the position down by playing a certain way, and it just loses for him. Let's see if he doesn't fall. Some of those Tom please. They stayed, for example, we played six, and instead of the night taking on before he sees that it leads to him losing. So instead he simply backs up the brook right, and he allows us to play. F captures Stephen East that captures of seven and he goes and takes with Queen. Now we can create the threat being able to play night two e six, which is a really dangerous place tohave the night you can threaten pieces here. We could make a check first or Queens not treated. We want to avoid trading off Queens. He's gonna be trying to trade the queen's, even though this point we're actually up by upon and still have a pretty good position. We don't want to trade the queen's we wanna have, Ah, bigger advantage before we treat Queen's. So that's a heat of something logical. Like tried to trade immediate trade these rocks and also with the bishop right here, which is a defensive hoster. Well, we could make a check if you blocks the check now we can play our night here. And if he does, go ahead and say trade queens. We allowed to trade in Queens, so he moves his rook, but he was right there, then began into the pawn. Now we're, ah, a couple of bones and we have a much stronger position to him. Maybe in trades the rocks off tapper night. We threaten to take his bishop and we just try to take advantage of a situation and we trade off the pieces now says we are up in material. We have a to pawn advantage, which is a big advantage in the end game. All we basically have to do is trade off pieces and then we should be able to promote a pollen with game. Also in this case are extra ponds. Here are they have free run away to the other side of the board. There's no ponds in front, so we can simply look to push up on over here and we're going to get upon across over, be it. Be ableto push out bombs across to the point where you're forced to sacrifice a piece to stop them. And again, it's just really easily winning in game. Okay, now he doesn't have to play rook to D six. He can simply defend this point, but again, we have a lot of choices for how we can finish this game. We've got a lot of things that we can do here. The simplest thing to do would be trade off this night for this bishop because we'll be left with strong docks for Bishop or Black doesn't have one and notice the night here. Can't take our politics. We would take the brook so he has to complete trade and take our night. Now, this is, um, the best scenario that we have seen for black. But again, it's one where we are up by upon we've got a strong minor piece in the end game when the pieces don't come up. The bishop is always always stronger that night because it can reach across the whole board , whereas the night has to jump and it can take multiple moves for to get across the board. So in general, when the position starts to open up and your endgame, the bishop is more powerful than the night night could be more powerful in the opening and when the boards closed lots of pieces on the board because of its ability to jump. But the bishop gains more power in the end game unless the position is closed. So even though we have almost the whole material, we only have one on, we have two big advantages here. We have a stronger minor piece right, the bishops of the night calling the finer pieces and the roots of the green to call in the major cases. But we also have the fact that our extra pond, as I said before, I think what Black does, the extra pond here has a runway, and so we're going to have a easily winning endgame. Now, in this case, we wouldn't want this to happen that trade and take this, that we all of a sudden change everything so we wouldn't play his move on f four. Uh, yet you might even just go ahead. Hey, on it for And then when the end game starts, we immediately want to get our Kings into the middle, get into the best position that we can on this, showing you quickly like a potential situation that we have. He is going to be trying to stop. These pollens were getting across. That's gonna give us plenty of time to move our pieces around and get caught across the force. Hand back. We want to try to avoid Suggs. Wing is those Wing is a word that means that if you get locked up here in game where you have your pond starts get locked up. And like, for example, right now, this bishop is forced to stay here to defend this poem d four. But the night is also forced to stay there if it wants to maintain that pressure. So everything kind of locked into one place and then excuse me, Zug Zwane is like something happened when if you move a piece because you have no other options, then you are forced to lose. So for example, black here I move this pollen forward. Now this pond can't move. This pond can't really move because we would take it and you couldn't take back. Our bishop can move anywhere except to back up because it's defending this one and he can't move this poem down. If you move this bone down, we can play, uh, g five with check. So all of a sudden we gotta be really careful to do this way right now says we have double ponds. We can actually use the store advantage and waste temples. We can play G three now he's would be forced to either place up in like H five in which the huge estate, because now all of sudden boom. These ponds are unstoppable, his kings and check. And there's just literally nothing that he's gonna be able t o do to stop these pollens from coming down. So he's probably gonna have to move this night and look for a way to be route his night and take it off of this pawn here and trying toe. Try to make some threats or trying to rearrange it. But by doing so, he also allows us Thio more Bishop. He's not gonna want to something like this because we consider take it and still stop. These bones were coming down, so the position again is way easier for us to win. He makes something this try to lock everything up, and then we want to do something. That video removed King back. Getting this on. He's every force to defend it with his night and again. It's just easier for us to play. We have a big advantage. It's a winning endgame. Eventually, we're gonna force these bones across him to sacrifice his night to stop them, and we're going to win. The game Engines are very complicated. This position right here could be analysed for hours, hours it looks simple because there are fewer pieces on the board. But because of that, each move is very, very important to you to calculate a lot of moves in. And so this is an opening horse. We're not gonna go too deeply into the endgame here, but you can see that this should be a very easy position to win because we have passed ponds, write poems. I don't have any plans opposing them. And Black doesn't have any past ponds. So this is an easily winning position. We have more ponds in them and they happen to be passed ball. So that concludes our course on the pond. Ziani At least all of the examples that I'm going to look at in every case we saw that white can you get a really big advantage or at least get a really good position, no matter what Black does, including best play from black and most opponents. That said, at the beginning of the course they're not gonna know what best players they are going to make mistakes. They're going Teoh give you lots opportunity to win. If you're playing blitz, they will likely use a lot of time on the clock in order not to plunder and the big mistakes. And you will win a lot of games after taking this course if you apply what you learn here. So I hope you guys go out there and kick some butt with open. It's really fun to use, and I hope he has a ratings go up a lot because of it. Good luck.