Chess Middlegames - Essentials Training Course | Manuel Ocantos | Skillshare

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Chess Middlegames - Essentials Training Course

teacher avatar Manuel Ocantos, Chess Player - Top Ten of my Country

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

50 Lessons (3h 7m)
    • 1. Introduction to Chess Middlegames - Essentials Training Course

    • 2. Getting Started (What You Need to Do the Course)

    • 3. The Most Important Idea - Attacking the King

    • 4. Tips to Improve Your Course Taking Experience

    • 5. The Most Important Idea - Other Targets

    • 6. Activity - The Most Important Idea in the Middlegame

    • 7. Activity Solution

    • 8. Outro - The Most Important Idea in the Middlegame

    • 9. Intro - What Is the Middlegame and Its Main Goals

    • 10. What Is the Middlegame?

    • 11. Main goals of the Middlegame

    • 12. Intro - Attacking the King

    • 13. Attacks Going the Wrong Way

    • 14. The Most Important Principle in the Attack

    • 15. Opposite Side Castling

    • 16. Activity - Attacking the King

    • 17. Activity Solution

    • 18. Summary - Attacking the King

    • 19. Intro - Strategic Weapons

    • 20. Weak Squares

    • 21. Isolated Pawns

    • 22. Doubled Pawns

    • 23. Pawn Majority

    • 24. Sacrifices

    • 25. Activity - Strategic Weapons

    • 26. Activity Solution

    • 27. Summary - Strategic Weapons

    • 28. Intro - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do

    • 29. Finding New Ideas

    • 30. Activity - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do

    • 31. Activity Solution

    • 32. Outro - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do

    • 33. Intro - Transitioning to an Ending

    • 34. Equal Material

    • 35. Material Advantage

    • 36. Activity - Transitioning to an Ending

    • 37. Activity Solution

    • 38. Outro - Transitioning to an Ending

    • 39. Intro - Defense

    • 40. The Best Way to Defend

    • 41. Other Common Ideas

    • 42. Activity - Defense

    • 43. Activity Solution

    • 44. Intro - Final Activity

    • 45. Final Activity

    • 46. Final Activity Solution

    • 47. Next Steps

    • 48. Masterpieces: Kasparov's Immortal game

    • 49. Masterpieces: A Beautiful Queen Sacrifice

    • 50. Masterpieces: A Monument of Magnificent Precision

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About This Class

Are you frustrated trying to find good moves in your games? This course will teach you how to play middlegames.

This course was designed for anyone who, in addition to loving the game of chess, wants to bring his/her understanding to a higher level.

Clearly knowing the chess rules is needed to do the course. For your convenience the squares of the board are marked to help you if you're not familiar with chess notation.

What will you learn in this Chess Middlegames Essentials course?

  • The most important idea about middlegames

  • How to attack

  • How to create and exploit your opponent's weaknesses

  • What to do in quiet positions

  • When to transition to an ending

  • How to defend

Practice makes perfect

Throughout the course you will be testing your skills with practical activities. Everything that you need

to do them is provided here.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Manuel Ocantos

Chess Player - Top Ten of my Country


Hello, I'm Manuel.

Interacting with people around the world is what I enjoy the most because in addition to learning a lot and sharing my experiences that's where I feel that we all belong to one single community.

I've spent several years in the online teaching world, refining how I work and trying to understand the changing needs of this place, which I see as the future of education.

I live together with my lovely girlfriend Gisele who is an inspiration for me to work harder each day.

Being a top ten player of the country that I represent (Luxembourg) and living in South America, has put me in contact with players from different backgrounds and playing styles.

I have been studying chess for 25+ years. From the moment that I got my first book I knew th... See full profile

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1. Introduction to Chess Middlegames - Essentials Training Course: Are you unable to find good movies in your game is right after the opening. Welcome to my course where you will learn to master middle gains. Hi, I'm Manuel. How my chess player, top ten of my country with more than ten years of experience in online learning. I created this course for anyone looking for a serious improvement who clearly understands the Jess rolls. By the end of this course, you will find the right plants in the middle, including how to attack. You will know how to defend wars positions. You will improve your strategic understanding. You will know when to go four or one to avoid unending. And you will know what to play in those positions where there seems to be nothing to play for. Step-by-step, you'll learn each skill separately and you will be testing your skills on each section with practical activities. Everything you need to do the course is provided here for your convenience. So I'm looking forward to seeing you inside. 2. Getting Started (What You Need to Do the Course): Hi there and welcome to the course. Everything you need to do the course is going to be provided here. And whenever you have a practical activity, you don't need to pause the video. After watching the video, just click on resources and download the activity instructions. After that, you can take your time to analyze the positions that I give. And now I'm going to talk about chess notation and how to read just games. If you're familiar with this, you can get started. If not, first of all, the chessboard is divided into eight rungs and eight files. Ranks and files are going to be labeled for your convenience. If you want to identify a square, just look at the rank and file. For instance here we can see that we are on the second rank and file. So this makes the D2 square. And you also need to be familiar with the jazz rules. For instance, here, if it's white to play, wide cannot take this night because the rook would be attacking the king. But white can take this night. This is a legal move. But taken the night with the Qing would be an illegal move. At the end of the course, I provide a few games and to read them. First of all, you have the name of the players. Then you have the place and the date on which it was played. And then you have the notation. If you only have a square that's a bonded moves, for instance, one before means that upon goes to the four, n stands for night, B stands for B-sharp, K stands for King, Q stands for queen, and R stands for rook. For instance, q, C7 means that the Queen goes to C7. An X means a capture. For instance, our x, y3 means that the rook takes a piece on e3. And a plus sign means that you give a check. For instance, q x four means that the queen takes a piece on a four and gives a check. And last we have the result. 01 means that black wins. 1-0 means that wide wins. So time to get started. 3. The Most Important Idea - Attacking the King: Hey everyone. So now we'll discuss about the most important idea in the middle game. Whenever you have a position, you have a lot of mobiles are a lot of plans that you can implement. So it's very useful to have a guiding principle. And for that, we'll ask ourselves, what can I attack on my opponents territory? Let's take a look at the position that we have in front. So here, if we don't have any principle, we will think about many moves here, like moving ponds or moving the rock on day one. But if we think about what can I attack on my opponents territory, then we may find the idea of attacking blacks King. The reason is that there is only one piece defending the game, which is the knight and F6. And we have to be shops that look quite threatening here. So that's why here last night to H5 with this move, hip lands to exchange nights. Ninhydrin F6 is a defendant piece, and after black token H5, white can definitely take bargain F5. And we see that why does still improving his position on trying to attack. But even here, if we ask ourselves this question, what can I attack on my opponents territory? We can come up with the idea that Lasker hat. That's why in this position, Lasker to college seven. So the IDS to attack taking, as we said. And after digging or H7, then Lasker token H5, we check. So everything is pretty forced in here. And after again G8, again, he uses the same principle of attack indicating octagonal Nippon territory. And he doing G7 and the ADS project made on H8. And after King David G7. When do you for that Qin has to go to the.h file because after King F6, then Quinn G5 is checkmate. Soft Dworkin, H7, Rogoff three, we see that y disbanding to checkmate. The only way to prevent checkmate is to give the queen, does why black play the movie five part after mortgage three, coinage six, takes and takes. And here white has moved seven, which is a double attacks. So white will get a huge material advantage. Let's take a look at another position. In this position it is blood to play. So white has a huge material advantage. And most of us will immediately take here on Jiddu. And after taking energy due, the Brazilian looks complicated. For instance, after rope C2, then white might try to attack the night. So at least we see that y has a material advantage, but black has some dances to communicate their game. But instead, if we look at this idea of asking ourselves what can we attack on our opponents territory? Than we may find other interesting ideas here, the move rook two h3 is a pretty amazing Move. Block has the idea of taking or age two and give checkmate. So this is the best scenario when we can adapt something on our opponents territory, which is the king. We finished the game straight away. And I fall in this position wide resigned because there is no reasonable way to defend this jag made. So we see that the queen is pinned. So the queen cannot take on h3. And after we take only four, rook takes H2 is Jack made? Unless I wanted to finish with this pretty amazing in position. So here, why did we consider White has control of the position. And again, we need to find a move, we need to find a plan, and it seems hard to progress on our first side. But again, if we use this idea of finding targets on our pollens territory, we can see that this King can be attacked after the move kinda G3 planning do go to H6. This is a pretty extraordinary case on which wide activates his king to give checkmate in the middle game with lots of pieces. But again, I don't expect that after this video will plague like this. But at least that we understand the guiding principles behind these moves on these plants. 4. Tips to Improve Your Course Taking Experience: Hey there some quick notes so that you can make the most of this course. First, if you haven't noticed on the video player, you have the option to slow down or to speed up the video, depending on whether I'm talking too fast or too slow. Now we're going to learn a lot of ideas in this course. So don't hesitate to watch a video again if you don't understand the ideas fully. Another important point is that in the course panel, there is an area where you can check questions that have been asked. And you can also post your own doubts that I would be happy to address our last. You can leave a review. I would really appreciate it because it will help other students know if this course is right for them. And it will also help me know where I can improve this course. Thank you, and hope that you enjoy the rest of the course. 5. The Most Important Idea - Other Targets: Now the scenario on which we can adapt the king is not always the case, unfortunately. Otherwise we would be willing to most of our games. But if we use this principle, we see that we can attack our opponent pieces, particularly our opponents bonds. They can become targets in lots of cases. If we take a look at this position, we see that this point is being adapt with the queen and the rook. But we can add another piece to the attack. That's why in this position, wide blade move Bishop to the two. Because we want to attack our opponent on his side of the board. So that's why we play them of Bishop to retool and after appropriate measure to S3. And we see that why this attack in the bond luggage still defending the ponds so far. But the point is that what here is the one attacking the one with the better position. So again, if I go back here, white has lots of possible moves. But if we use this principle, we can find good most very easily. In this position, it is plugged replay. And ideally we would like to give checkmate and reduct digging, but we see that this King is pretty safe. And actually we have most of our business on the Queen side part. We see that this point on S3 is not defended by another point, so it can become a target. That's why here a couple Lanka blade move, rube to C7. Many moves are possible here, but this is a very clear plan to double the rooks on the zip file and put pressure on this one. And if I continue the game, and after Casablanca doubled on the c file, Roxy too nitrate, rook, FC1, 96, 95. So here, Lanka braided move, Quinto F5 again, what can we attack on our opponents side of the board and against upon on C3. That's why he played above Quinto A5. There was also the idea of play night B5. But here kappa lambda was most likely a fret of the amorphous form. So now it is black who is being adapted as why the move Quinto A5 is more precise because now after S4, we would exchange pieces. And when upon. Instead here, White played the movie A4. White was probably afraid of the move neither B5 increasing the pressure now on, on S3. And after the move A4. Again couple Lanka followed this principle predict nearly Ambady move Quinn to B6. So kappa lambda now is a DAG in another point. And here white actually gave upon annealing get any conversation. It indicates what I wanted to highlight here is that it is black, the one who is really dictating what's going on in the game. Lag is Dasa Dunkin and white is defending. So here, why didn't want to defend passively? Would overlay ruled to be dual or after, before? Then, this would become weak. Will talk about weak squares later. But after the mood played in the game night to D3 coupled Lanka simply took the boron and then one again pretty easily. 6. Activity - The Most Important Idea in the Middlegame: And now I would like to warm up with an activity. So remember here to use this principle of asking yourself, What can you attack on your opponent's territory? This is a very similar position to the one that we analyze before. And here blood played the move B5. So blacks idea might be to take on D5 after white takes some B5, What would you play here as white? Can you attack any of your opponent's pieces? Here we have another position it is liked to play. Black has very strong central ponds. But on the other hand, why the sprang to counterattack by digging on the four. And we see that this rook might be looking at the Quinn. So I would like to ask you, what do you play here as black? And in last position? It is also blood to play. And I would like to ask you if you can attack any of wild species on this position. 7. Activity Solution: Great, so hope that you found this activity useful. Don't worry if you found these bassoon hard because we are just getting started and you will get much better by the end. So in the first position after B5 by black, it is very natural to either defend or desc on B5. This is a very natural reaction, but actually this is not the best reaction because we always need to find aggressive iDS first and if they work, we can definitely pay them. So here, white has a few ideas to attack. One of them is the move queen to have seven, which is very interesting because we attack the rook and the bishop. And also interesting is the move that petroleum played, which is a mook to D7. Because before taking on B5, we attack the queen and the wind doesn't seem to have very good squares. And here actually black plate, the move quinoa fade, trying to defend. But producing one pretty quickly. He just took on a fade. And after rook takes CDX B5 will see that one of these two points are going to be very dangerous. And here after the mook to B8, this is just a bad move because here, but trojan lady move workdays D7. And after akin takes G7, we have this bishop dixie five, and we get the root as Y here, black resigned. And in the second position, black actually has a huge advantage. And it would be very natural to play quite morph like Quinta da phi for example. But again, if we follow this principle, it is very easy to find the strongest move, which is E3. We just a_dagger Bishop will play on the opponent's camp. And after the bishop duet for again here black continue with the very strong Quinton before. So we'll see how in two moves like already improved his position. A lot softer quandary for we are talking of four and black one pretty convincingly. Unless position is pretty even. But here, like play, they move visual judiciary to attack the queen and improve it a little bit. And we still have this pressure and b2. So here White played him move Quinta C1 to Gibbon defending this bond. And after 935, we see that black is slowly building up and putting pressure on white. And the small advantage was enough for black to win the game. 8. Outro - The Most Important Idea in the Middlegame: So we now know that the most important AND middle game. But in most cases, we won't be able to have these positions on which we can apply these ideas straight away. In most cases, these targets will not be easy to find. And for that, in the next sections, we'll learn tools to apply noumenal game in order to get good positions and to find targets more easily. So I'll see you in the next sections. To keep on learning. 9. Intro - What Is the Middlegame and Its Main Goals: Hey there. So on this section we'll talk about what the middle game would be for us during the rest of the course, it's important to be on the same page to avoid some misunderstandings. And we'll also see what our main goals would be for us on the middle game. It's quite important to know where we want to go to find movies and blends Morrissey later on the course. So let's check this. 10. What Is the Middlegame?: Hi again. So here I would like to briefly talk about what the mingle game would be for us during the rest of the course. And before that here would like to make, to note two important note. The first is that the middle game has a lot of gray zones with the opening and the ending. And the second is that at the end of the day, we are not really interested in whether we're in a middle game or closer to the ending or closer to the opening because deposition would not change based on how we call it. Having said that, I will tell you the criteria that I will use. We will say that we reached the end of the opening and got to the middle game after development and kin safety has been achieved. And we would say that were closer to the end of the meat of the game and the beginning of the ending when King activity becomes more important and when passed bonds also play a significant role in the position. I literally took any random game. So we can check it to see when we are transitioning from the opening to the middle game and from the middle game to the ending. So let's imagine that I go to move ten. Then here we see that y still hasn't improved his king and also has a lot of business to develop like the Bishop, also black has this vision on a fade, like didn't gases. So here it is pretty clear that we are in the opening stage. Now if I go to move 25, we seed, but all sides have canceled and both kings look relatively safe and most of the business have been developed. So they left their initial squares. So we, I would say that we are definitely more in middle game territory. Now if I go to more 50, we see that we still have quite a lot of pieces on the board and both games my still become under attack. So this position, some might consider Dan ending some middle game. I would see broadly considered middle game because we still have a lot of tangent and the board. But here we are definitely getting into a gray zone. And now we see that there's less and less pieces on the board. And we see that these things are very hard to check mate because neither wide, no black have a lot of material to checkmate. So here they kings might become active and also this postpones CSER less pieces. They might become very important as they can promote more recently. So here we are definitely more in ending territory. 11. Main goals of the Middlegame: Hey, there. And now I would like to remind that the goal of chess, I know this might sound trivial, but sometimes we forget what we want to achieve in a game, so it is not bad to remind it. So the main goal of chess is to checkmate, and that means to attack the gain whenever that's possible, will definitely do it. For example, if we remember this position that we analyzed here, the mook to h3 is I wouldn't move because rook takes H2 tag is unavoidable. But what happens when we can't check mate, then what's the main goal? The main goal is to attack. When I spoke about other targets, about attacking other targets, like in the position that we have in front. Here, White cannot find an easy way to attack black skin. That's why white still attacks. But other pieces, in this case wide will attack this Pantone five. That's why white plays a more visual to the tool to C3 to attack the bond. So when I spoke about the most important idea, the most important ideas to attack on your opponent's territory because they wanted to checkmate or to gain a material advantage by attacking other pieces, are normally these pieces willy ponds. In general, it is hard to just adapt one minor piece or a rook and gain it. So that's why the stock is normally will be bonds. Having a material advantage in most cases will lead to victory. Similarly, whenever we have any other type of advantage, you name it, whether it's space advantage, whether your opponent has weaknesses. We want to convert that advantage into a material advantage. Games are not won by defending only. So attacking is their main role of chess. And all the ideas that we'll study woolly based on that goal. 12. Intro - Attacking the King : So we'll now study the most direct way of debugging, which is stacking the king to give Jack made. Probably all of us love to win a game with a nice medium attack. But here we need to study the main principles to make an attack successful. It probably happened to you, at least, it happened to me to try an attack and then fail completely. It happened to me occasionally. So an attack must have a solid foundation. Will also study a very specific case of a tagging which is opposite side gasoline. So I'll see you in the chess board to study these ideas. 13. Attacks Going the Wrong Way: Hey, there an hour like took about a situation that probably happened to all of us, which is to play actively to try to attack and get worse position in return. Let's take a look at some examples. In this position it is black to play and hear black plate, the seemingly active night to have four, instead of moving the bishop or taken on the four blood tries to complicate the game. One of the main problems is that taken on the four would lose a piece after taking on the eight and then taken on D5. Although in this case, black might try to complicate the game with rook two y1, none after cage to go back with the bishop and tried to annoy, why would the spin. This was actually probably a better chance than what was played in the game. The point of the move nightmare for plate in the game is probably to attack on a five, for instance, after take it, then take here. Although in this case, what seems to be doing very well, white blood even assembler move, which is the MOOC d4. So white just defended the night on a five. And now we see that this night is being attacked and also these Bishop. So basically plugging in a lot of trouble. And after the game continuation, which up to a seven, then why it got rid of this very possibly shop, exchanging for night guard upon white has everything here why this might borrow and one very easily in this position which is closest to an operon nanometer game. But still the principles are quite similar. What is already developed? So what is already looking for more active ideas but not black. Black still has the king on aid. So casting would be one of the main ideas from this position. But blood played nitrogen for may be one of the ideas was to play them off when to be Cx and tried to look at the king. But as we see, white can easily neutralize that. In fact, I'm not sure that it's even a threat because white could even blogged this check with before. But what plate quietly the move 0.22 are now actually black castles. And after canceling what symbol data move h3, and the night has to get back. So basically black lost a lot of timber or Tempe as we got in chess. A more consistent idea, although not a good idea, was to play them of Quinta V6. And if white plays the move, king to H1, maybe anticipate these 83 move with the move H5. And after h3, then maybe tried took us long if you want to attack. But even here, this is very artificial. Unblock, as we'll see later, is not having enough pieces on the attack. Even here, y can take a low white is not forced to. I can simply take the night and then even defend disposition. So basically, playing the MOOC nitrogen for here was a very bad idea. And in the next video, we'll see the most important principle in the attack. 14. The Most Important Principle in the Attack: What's the most important principle in the attack? It's simply to have more pieces attacking the neuron. In these very clear example, very simple. White is completely winning because why it has a lot of material advantage. But let's say that we want to take this bond before technetium black skin. How do we know if we can win this one while we just simply count the pieces that cannot act this bond. So we have this bishop that can target. These night will maneuver a little bit, but we'll attack as well. And also this rook. So we have three business, at least three business, not to mention the king that can attack this bond. And how many pieces does Black have? Lighthouse? Only two pieces that can defend this bond. So without doing any calculation, that's why this principle is very helpful. We can know in advance if this attack will be successful or not. Let's check another clear example. In this position it is worth to play. Let's say that we want to attack black skiing. And we might see this H7 pointers or target. This bishop is arrayed Looking at this point. So we could pay here the move quandary for and we add another piece. So we now have two pieces attacking this bond, whereas black has only one BCE. In fact, here black doesn't have enough time to go with the king to a fade. So this even going to be checkmate. There's also an interesting note here is that black has a bishop of different color and white. So we have care what we call opposite colored bishops. And these normally favor the attacker a lot because white is attacking on the white squares. And White has one more piece in the attack. So this bishop on F6 cannot defend the age seven square. Would simple concept like that. We can understand the very complex positions. When disposition we have Bobby Fisher, Robert John Fisher was called, so called Bobby Fisher. He's a former world champion. And here he played a very brilliant combination. But the basic idea is that this attack in, on the light squares with opposite color bishops, he replayed the move Bishop takes before. And after Black took on the four. Here he played a very deep move, which is the mook to F6. He wants to have Dagen H seven, but if he blazed the move E5, then Locke would have the very interesting F5 forcing the exchange of Queens. For instance, after we take a night takes, then lags attacking this night on lagged seems to be doing ok. For instance, if we go to e2, then black might take this bond. I'm black, we'll get this bond back, but the position is not clear at all. Thus, by Fisher played the mook to F6, and now he plans to play the movie five, for instance, after blood takes on C3, then we'll play E5. And checkmate is unavoidable. Let's say that Black place move H6, then we can bring more business in that dark. So we see that now we have three pieces in the attack on black has only one defender. Here, black instead, bloody move, kinda D8. But after the movie five, then the attack continued. Blood played H6, but after the quiet nitrate tool, then the data will continue. So black resigned. For instance, now we are this night. And after these Night Moves, then one of the many when he moves his to Blake when R5. And then we've Jack made on the light squares. If I go back to this position that we studied when we spoke about the most important Indian meal game, which is to attack on your opponent's territory. We also saw that in the previous example, Fisher was attacking on FCX, Sony five, pretty much on the opponent's territory. And here we can understand the Move Play by Lasker, which is nice to age five, even better because it wants to attack and White has more pieces looking at the King site. So they are duck actually can come from more than one square. And black has one piece defending. And this resource used by last curve is very interesting because white will exchange a pair of pieces, but white will exchange a defender. So after taking on H5, Why would have more attackers? Unplug will have less defenders. And also here White played extremely precisely. So this is something that is needed. Good calculation. Here. If white took on H5, then like what I've tried to neutralize these a diagram with F5 and right to defend. So the positron is much less clear than what Lasker plate Lascaux here played a forcing move, which is another idea when you attack forcing moves, if they work, they are better because our opponents has less choices. And he'd broken age seven. And after taken, again is a forcing move. We give a check. And again, this is another force in move. And in the end, after the MOOC window G4, kainate seven, we see the end is log of three and again we have two pieces of Duggan. So the attack is successful. Like can only stop the attack with the move E5 has played in the game. But what we'll get a lot of material advantage. And in this last position that we analyzed when we spoke about the most important idea in the middle game, we see that y is definitely more active. And one idea is to Doug F7 because we have two pieces attacking, but black has two pieces. The funding, we would love to bring another piece, but the rook, we cannot bring it because we will blunder this rook. And also nitrogen five is just bad because we have this checkmate. Where in this case, why played this very fantastic maneuver with the king, the move kinda G3. And basically wide wants to bring the kingdom H6. I have two pieces, the king and the queen attack in the Qing iceberg that normally the ending is where the king gets active and this is definitely an exception to the rule. But the principle, the attacking principle is to have more pieces attacking your opponent on black doesn't have any clear way to defend. The game continued Roxy to create kin to u4. And after Bishop associate attacking the rook here, short played the amazing Hindu D5 lag is not in time to take the rook because here kindred physics would be Jack made. And also keen to age 70 is bad because now what we're going to take an F7, we would also get a willing attack. 15. Opposite Side Castling: Hey again, and now I would like to talk about opposite side, Gosling, We have opposite side guzzling. Wouldn't kings are on opposite sides of the board. Here we see that blacks kings on the Qing side and white's king is on the Queen site. And in this position, it is very common to have a lot of attack against the King. One of the ways to do that is to adapt with PCs, which is a very standard way. And another way is to launch what we call upon storm, which is to basically attack with bonds to open lines. The attacking principles are the same. We need to have more pieces in the attack than our opponent in order to have a successful attack. And also here it is quite important to be the one attacking first, a very important principles. So that's why I wanted to analyze opposite side gasoline separately. In this position, it is black to play and we see that black is much more developed. Why still has a broken H1, the snide on G1, uneven here, black has an extra proton, so black is much better part black actually finished the game pretty quickly. Firstly, blade, the move B5, attacking the queen. Remember a forcing most normally are very interesting. The first to analyze and after taking only 51 of the ideas, will be to open the file against the king. Although here the bishop is controlling the B8 square. But here we have a more direct way of attacking, which is the move Knight to D4. The point is that it's night cannot be taken because then rock to C1 would be checkmate. Thus, why, why would we do with the Queen? And after night to C2 check kinda be one. Like continued attack in 92 before. And actually wider resigned here because there's no way to defend the attack against. Again, we see that lag will have many pieces attacking. For example, if Quinta B3, then we have nine to the 2x, which is a double-check with the night. And the Quinn unblock, we'll at least when the queen, if Quinto e3, then like has the move Knight to S3. And after k_1, a_1, then nitrate C2 is checkmate. Or after Qin C1 then quintessential. So here everything is pretty clear up black has many, many more pieces attacking, Dan White has defending. Here we have another position. The position is very complicated and earth received wide array launch some ponds against black skiing. And ideally what we would like to open lines, even if white could remove this bond while will be very happy. And here, White played the moment i to be three. And this move actually is really bad because wide wants to be active, to be aggressive, because otherwise black will be aggressive. Possibly wide feared that after H6 then black would close lines because black doesn't want to be a typed on the.h file. But these Nikon D4 is actually quite centralized, is doing very well. So maybe even a movie like Bishop to y3 first, trying to give some activity for this MOOC would be interested in the position is very complicated, but the movie night to be three really goes against the principles of opposite sides. Gasoline, which is to attack first. Black can even take here on B3, but even the move Knight takes it to is very strong. So this move even loses material because after taken on Zi2, then black would take. Thus why, why tried to complicate with nine takes? What hero Caspar off was very precisely. First played the move nitrate three. And after a pin a2, which is attack, White cannot take this night because the poly spin. And after grenade to Quinto CCR5, white can take on a three, but then like will also take this night. So we can see here that black is definitely one attack in unblock one after a couple of moves. Unless I wanted to make a note which applies to opposite side gasoline, but also to attack. And in general, whenever we exchange wins, there might be attacking opportunities left. So it is important not to take it easy when it comes to attacking, because even without queens, there might be checkmate in patterns. In this position. White play the movie Bishop, D6 tech. The position would have been pretty balanced after came to D7. Well, after the natural-looking move, kinda C8, here, White played the very strong reuptake S5. So why does given an exchange? But after CD25 96, kin to the eight is the only move. So remember that forcing moves when they work, they are the best moves glucose, we don't give options to our opponent. And after Qin De aid than rook to C1 under AutoCAD is going to be Jack made. So that's why here, black resigned. So remember impositions with opposite side, Gosling, the same attacking principle supply, but it is also very important to be the one attacking first. Sometimes we can even give a lot of material for that. 16. Activity - Attacking the King: Great, so now it is time to do an activity to test what was learned. In the first position. It is what to play and black is attacking this, Rouhani won. So I would like to ask you, what would you play here as wide? Please remember to use all the principles that we've learned so far that will help you a lot to find the best moves. In the second position. It is also why to play. And we see that we have equal material, but we can see that white has a lot of pieces looking at dark skin. Black has also an idea to play night, to eat too, and to give a check and attack the rook and the king. So let me ask you, what would you play here as white? Let me give you a hint. Instead of looking at the rook, tried to find a way to checkmate lag scheme. In the next position we have opposite sign, Gosling and white just took here and the five. And we can see that this rooks are taking the queen. So I would like to ask you, what would you play here as black? And in the last position here, White played the movie G6. So I would like to ask you if these move follows the principles that we've learned. And if you think that this is a good idea or not, it is a very complicated position. But at least I wonder you to analyze from the point of view. 17. Activity Solution: Okay, so hope that you found this activity useful. So let's go to the first position. Wide really doesn't need to move this rock. What has a much better position? We see that all of whitespaces are active, whereas black has very low species. This rook on aid is still not doing anything. So instead of moving the rock, fissure Playdom overlook to D7, attacking the Queen and also the Pantone F7. And after black move the queen to C8, then fisher took on F7 with Jack. And after Cuneate, only then he moved the rook. So here, while it has a massive advantage, why this one attack in actually fisher one in just three more moves. In the second position. It is also Fisher plane as white unofficially ignored this threat of nitrate do because here he took on the eight. So basically fishery exchange at defending piece this night was defending the G7 squared denied herniate. So now lag is not in time to even check and take the rook. Because why would simply pay them off? Quinto FCX and then give checkmate? Remember that this is an also an indirect way of having more Baeza takin. We exchange one of our business for our defendant piece so that our opponent has less business defending. After 1968 in the game like tried to exchange queens, but still the game is lost after Queen takes, rook takes, does just one small trick is that nitrogen six is very strong because after 92, then after degeneracy one white has a movie night decks F7 and gets an extra piece. So after Qin G8 night takes, the game is pretty much over. In this position, we see that lag is upon down, but black has three pieces. Looking at this pollen Jiddu, does y instead of moving the queen and untried them overnight, takes Jiddu, which is great. Also possible, but a bit more complicated was the move R2P days due to check. And after taking rate one, then here black had to find a very tricky move, which is the mook two e to. The point is that if white takes, then would take with check, and then we take the rook. But moving the queen, for instance, to D7 would have made matters a bit more complicated because here we would have a trick like night to F1. And if this night moves, then this rule will be hanging. Thus why the wolf night takes u du is much simpler because white again cannot take here because we would take, the queen would check. And after quantifier, which was played in the game, like has many options but here on unpaid the simple, unforeseen, by the way, when the AX5 and then night to eat to check. And here white resigned, imbue off any king move on. Nitrogen three for example, we have a double attack on the rock so that we'll get a material advantage. And last position, it's a very complicated position. Actually move G6 is a very practical, very interesting move because luck has very active bishops here. And a low white might try defending passively with rook age F1, playing them with G6. It's interesting because white wants to get some initiative in the game. And after f takes, f takes basically wide ones to open lines. Unblock here might have tried digging and D6, but instead here black played the movies uptakes night. And hear white took an H7 with check after Dagan or age seven. Take in Bishop takes e4. We see that y gave upon. But why do we try to attack black skin? So we see that lacks King is more exposed. So white has definitely compensation. And we also have opposite Colibri shops. So white will try to attack on the dark squares. So the more G6 is a very interesting way to complicate the game, even if what gives upon and it's very principles because we have opposite side gasoline and we're trying to attack the king even at the cost of material. 18. Summary - Attacking the King: I really hope that this section was useful for you and that you have more crushing victory is in your future games. And again, Europeans King. Let's summarize everything that we learned. So we learned the most important principle when you attack, which is simply to have more pieces attacking than your opponent. Here we also spoke about more indirect ways of having more pieces attacking your opponent, such as having opposite color bishops or exchanging one of your pieces for AKI, defender of your opponent. We also spoke about opposite set cancelling. The principle to attack is the same, but here we need to stress the importance of being the first attacking and sometimes even good material for that to attack first. And last but not least, we got introduced to this topic of calculation. Chess is really a game where you need to be precise when you play. So you need to anticipate your opponent's moves. That's why calculating is really important. And one important idea to facilitate your calculation is to play forcing moves, to analyze force in most, and to see if they work well. So it's now time to move on to the next section. 19. Intro - Strategic Weapons: Hey, there. Now we need to think about other ideas to attack whenever we can't adapt the king. So in this section we'll talk about strategic IDS. What strategy? Simply put, it's everything that relates to long-term planning. If we can checkmate and win the game straight away, we need to think about ideas to win an advantage more in the long run. And most of these strategic ideas, strategic gains are related to the bond structure. And what's the bond structure is just how the bonds are placed on the board, the configuration of them. So let's go back to the dashboard to see how we can improve our strategic understanding. 20. Weak Squares: Hi all. Let me ask you what a week square? It's just a squared that cannot be controlled by your opponent, particularly not with bonds. If you remember, we analyze these position when we talked about attacking other targets. And here we spoke about whites maneuver Bishop to the, to, to C3 to attack E5. And if we take a look at whites, quinn, We see that the queen is on a square on E4, which cannot be attacked easily by black species, definitely will not buy upon because the ponds are advanced here, black push the pond to F4. This move hazard manifests its limited the scope of this bishop. But on the other hand, is weakened in the Foursquare. And why does occupying this square with a piece, in this case the queen? And here comes a very important note. What is using this square as an outpost for a piece to attack these Pantone five. Speaking about weak squares, these, these F5 is fairly weak. On the other hand, Black is still the family with the Quinn and my brain, the rook. So, so far the square of five cannot be exploited fairly easy. Let's take a look at this position. In this position, we see that black is occupying the squares, the 55 and also G3 quite on the opponent's territory. So this was a fairly weak and it is very common that sometimes we occupy with squares, with our PCs and there we don't know how to continue week squares are great outpost for our business, but we need to use them to attack. We know our main goal on the middle game is to attack. So we'll squares are just a means to achieve our goals in the middle game. In this position, we will either try to attack this point on a forum might look like target also despoiling G2 and the King will try to attack. It also does nights might try to jump to y3, and in the game will continue with the movement I to default to complicate the position. One idea is that if we take on the four than white might try to take the rook. And here, black continued with this reducible to attack, to exploit the advantage. And by the very sharp Quinto H4. And the point is that if y takes the rook, then rook takes, is forcing move takes and Quinn takes kindred one, nitrogen three weighed in the game. What played the move Bishop to u1. And here black token I for again a tagging the king and ponds. And similarly, wide cannot take the roof because here we have this forcing sequence. Rook takes, takes, queen takes, and Quinn takes you to tag mate. And after group takes, while you continue the attack with rook takes and after taking, queen takes, Kenji do nightly three. King F1, quinoa f1 is Jack made. So the main idea here is that black used all these squares as outpost for his business to attack later on. In this position here, blood played the seemingly aggressive Bishop to a four. And here we might see that this square ni five, since there is no pawn controlling, it, might potentially become a week squares. I would not call it a week square so far because black has many pieces controlling it. Black has denied the bishop and the Queen. But after the move breach of two or four, instead of moving the rook, which is currently being attacked, Kirchhoff plate, the very strong middle trajectory. And the idea here is a very common idea which is to exchange some pieces that control the square and the five in order to gain control of it. So here this bishop on edge four was not doing a lot. That's why if we exchange it for this bishop, bishop cannot take the rope because the queen would be lost. And after blog exchange it, then we see that luck has one less peace controlling the square. Here, black pay the MOOC window V6 concepts are not absolute. So on the other hand here, black has fairly active PCs and occupying the square straight away, for example, with the night, my leave this point undefended. That's why I would say that in this position, white has a slight advantage. But on the other hand, Black has active pieces. But we know that one of whites plants would be to OSU by d square only five in order to later on attack either black species or bloods King. Here in this position it is where to play and hear white play the movie night to C5. And after exchanging nights, like can avoid the exchange of Nights by moving the night. But this will still leave this query five for the night sub lugging the end exchange here. And after exchanging pieces, White got these square for the night. So weak squares are normally great for night, and in this case, this NADH will not be challenged. So here white has a clear advantage because of this week square. So here actually black plate quite poorly because black pushed a lot of bonds and we can't many squares like didn't get any benefits by Bush in these ponds. Additionally here we see that y will get this C file. Here, white has a clear advantage. And lastly, I want to mention a very important note that we should not always passively wait for our opponent to weekend squares, but we can also force weaknesses. So let's imagine this position. And here, if we play as white, here we have the very interesting move, age five. So we have equal material and the position might look similarly equal. But here we have this very interesting trying to fight for an advantage because after the move H5, we would either exchange ponds or if black either takes on H5 or moves the ponds to G5. Here we would get these outpost for the night, the square root of five. So by playing the move H5, we are creating a weakness. On the other hand, this is a dynamic position. So if we just play anymore random move like kinda G2, then our might and disobey this idea and play a move like H5, fighting against this break. Or my also tried to play more dynamically with the movie Five, which is a nice idea to activate this bishop. So keep in mind this idea to create weaknesses as well. So let's summarize everything that we've learned here. A week square is a square root that we control on which we have more pieces, control narrow opponent, and our pollen cannot control with Upon week squares are great outpost for our pieces. Whenever possible, we should look for active ideas to create quick squares. And last but not least, remember, we will use weak squares to achieve our main goal, which is to attack either the king or other pieces. 21. Isolated Pawns: What are isolated ponds? Isolated bones or ponds that have no adjacent bonds. And the position that we have in front, we see that this spawn on F5 doesn't have any other pawn to subordinate. For instance, upon G6 or upon on E6. Therefore, the spawn on F5 can be attacked more easily. So we can attack it with their pieces. And there's no other pawn polyphony. That's why this position here, White played him over 2k to H5, increasing the pressure on the bond. And the game been denude quantity six, rope to d1. This will be occupying an open file, Quinto H7. And here what played a pretty precise maneuver, Quinn to F1 and after b sub 2x, Quinto h3. So the Queen maneuvered to H3 and we see that now, what is attacking this bond? And surprisingly, there's no way for black to defend it. So white has four pieces attacking the Upon. Unblock has three pieces defending. So why did you want to get a huge advantage? And in fact, already in this position may be a bit too early or not, but already here, black resigned. By the way here let me mention that this Pantone H6 isn't isolated bond because there's no other 0 defended. And also despite on H2 is an isolated point. In this case with the spawner H2, we see that it is not easy to attack it. So, so far is not a weakness. This is quite important in general. We're talking about targets. But if we don't attack them, then they're not real weaknesses. Here we have another position and we see that there's a nicer it point here. So this bond can become a target. Additionally here we see that the square on D5 is fairly weak. That means that we can also occupy it. So that's why here, like play them overnight to D5 before attacking the policy for magazine proven is basis. And after a queen to the tool, Quinta B6, here, white took on D5. So already wide is having slightly worse position. But this movie taken on D5 is already making life easier for black. Because the less pieces we have, the easier it's going to be to attack this pawn. And if we continue a little bit, here, we see that black already has three pieces attacking the spawn. And if y defenses bonds normally, then here black has this resource of playing E5 because there is a pin here, we cannot take here because this row will fall. That's why here, white they move F4 in order to prevent this idea of e5 and after B6. Now, why it has to play rule before. And we see that difference of playing the move for submit satellite. I know, but it's a big difference. First of all, why this weekend in the square. And secondly, why this opening his position. Though, let's continue the game to see what happened. After a few bonds were exchanged. We get to this position on which black plays the move E5. Black will exchange a pair of photons after taken and taken into a one. Queen 28. We see that already black is playing to attack this king. And after white to five, then we got this route back. And after taking on a five, here, we see how black converts his advantage into an attack on the game. After the move Quinta C6, We see that Locke has a very strong attack against the king. Here Queen BG duly made is a threat. When to be one check. Dcx. Quinto F1. Here lagged in integ, the rook because this would allow a perpetual check after taking. But instead, like Playdom of kinda C5 and after Kinney J1, when the five white resigned, One of the points being that after kinda D1, D2, D1 would win a lot of material. And again, And lastly, I want to say that not all isolated ponds or bad, some of them are even good, particularly when there are central. In this position. Again, we see that white has a central isolated upon, but here white has many more pieces and wide has very active pieces. In fact, most of white pieces are more active than blacks. For instance, we see this Rouhani won and this bishop there looking at this pond, white queen is a bit better than blacks. And also in this particular situation, while it has a move, D5 is a very strong move that is typical and dispositions to open up the position even more. White is more active, so wide wants to attack. And here after this move, white is already pressing a lot. For instance, this point cannot be taken with a pawn because here this district of taking only seven and then taking the night. So why would get to minor pieces for rook, which is normally favorable? And after 1965. If we take the here we are again, we see that y has very active positions. For example, if lactase, then after night takes, we see how this night is looking at the king. Let me summarize. Isolated bonds, can be read targets. We can either attack them or block them before. On the other hand, when we have central bonds, these bonds can be useful. They can be good, particularly when you have many bees and you can use them to activate your business. 22. Doubled Pawns: Hi again, and he will talk about double bonds. Double bonds are simply coupons on the same file. For example, in this position we have opponency for an opponent C3, and they are on the same file, on the c file. And additionally, they don't have any adjacent pond. For example, there's no Pantone, defile or on the beefier. So in this case, we're talking about isolated double bonds. And these normally can become great targets to attack on this position. We see that additionally, like bees are well-coordinated attack. So here Kirchhoff plate the move to I6. So we see that this point on S4 is already becoming a target on those. No way to defend it because they are isolated. So there is no other point undefended and widen it has two pieces offend in the bond. Thus why black will win upon after the MOOC to be to take an unsafe for taking a C4. Like has the advantage. And additionally, these point we seen that will also suffer. An idea here is to weigh them overnight to D5 and poured more pressure bringing other rook. So black is clearly dominating here. So all other things being equal, having, having double bonds, particularly isolated double bonds, is just bad. But in some cases we may have other advantages. Position, we see that white has two double bonds and they are also isolated bonds. So this would normally be bad. But on the other hand, there are some additional benefits of having double bonds. Double bonds, they can control many squares. And also we have more open files. So in this case we see that the file is open. Also defile. Additionally, in this case, black has what we call a backward pond. So it's upon that cannot be advanced easily because this one will be taken and also is not defended by any of black swans. Like has a weakness there. And we see that y sub h ofs are definitely more active than lacks minor pieces and wider has a very active record is seven. So here white has definitely more activity. White has a target, and black is not attacking this doublet isolated ponds. So although here, white has doubled isolated bonds and additionally, another isolated Pond on E2 here, these points are not been attacked and it is why the one who is attacking and actually even wider here has a better position. So ultimately is not about getting our opponent to have double bonds or double isolated pounds. It's about attacking our upon. And remember this is the main goal of the middle game. And here again, we come from that. 23. Pawn Majority: Hey, there. And now I'll talk about pawn majority's SWOT upon majority, simply having more points than your opponent. On this position, we see that y has four points on the Queen side. And black has only three. Therefore wide has upon majority on the key insight. So one idea for what will be to push this bonds in order to either attack or to get a past bone. Now here we see that black has an extra point on the coincide. White has four points against three. But we see that these ponds are doubled, the ponds on the c file. This is another disadvantage of double bonds is that they cannot create a backbone. So here, if black pushes these four points, lie will not be able to create a passband. But last but not least on this specific physician, black has very good pieces back also has to be shrubs and there will be controlling lots of squares. So this position is fairly balanced set one of the ideas of Paul majority's is to create a past bond on this position, we see that material SQL bad black has two points on the coincide. And here after the move C3, laughter taken and taken. Like We'll get a pass bone. And if like manages to promote it, I will get an extra piece and attack white skin. In fact, in the game wide was enabled to stall upon, after the move nitrogen three, root two, d2, rope to C1, rook four to the three. We see that lack slowly improves his position. And in the end after night to the one root D1, D2, E1 takes queen, takes Quinn before tech, Quinto, F2, C2. And we see that this is another common theory, which is to transition to a winning ending. Because we see here that after the exchange of queens, then light will play rook two d1 and pushed upon. In fact, black already has our own position. In this case, we see that wide has upon majority on the Qing side, and on the other hand is a bit hard for black to push his bonds. Because for example, if the s5, these bond would be weakened. So that's why this was yellow, white pushes the move for in order to not only create a password, but also here to attack. So this is another idea. When you have a king, say pawn majority, you're going to try to attack on here. Blood paid him move Quinto F5, trying to block this advance. But here while played very precisely, night to d1 in order to come to y3 and attack the queen. By the way, queens are normally not very good blocking VC's normally an idea here would be much better. So the Quinn is not going to stay here for long. And after F6, 93, queen to the seven, when do the three, we see that y slowly improves his position and is ready to start an attack on black skin. After day gain will hear white 2k. And I will see that we got this position where white has two extra pounds on the Qing side and black has two extra Palantir coincide. But we see that y, this moving his ponds much faster than black. So that's why here, while it has a clear advantage. In fact, here after the movie night V6 F5, white cap and put in the ponds. And after night to C5, Quinta D4 already white has a serious advantage and won the game quite easily. And lastly, we mentioned another related idea, which is that Paul majorities are not always an asset. Sometimes they can be attacked. In this position here, we see that white has two points on the Queen side against three bonds. And here White played the aggressive move B5. And it is called a minority attack when you have less ponds and our opponent and we attack the other ponds. And the point here is that after exchanging pons, here, black played nitrified. And after white exchange, more pieces than white here took on C6. And in the end here, like God 1. But this is an isolated bond which is not very advanced and his quite weak why it cannot capture the bond straight away. Because here, black would have this trick of taken only three and afterward taken this way. Locke would take the MOOC and when a piece. But I'll receive this point is fairly weak because after the move a to c one, we see that white slowly will increase the pressure here. And this is a weak isolated upon. So here White is the one pressing. Paul modalities can be used to create passbands. They can also be used to attack. But also remember that having upon majority is not necessarily an advantage. Point. Majorities should have good mobility in order to exploit them. 24. Sacrifices: Hi again. And now I would like to mention that all these weaknesses and targets that we studied are so important that we can sometimes even sacrifice material, a lot of material to gain them. Let's take a look at this position. Here it is where to play and why this already developed. So now white can think about ideas like attacking. And here white play the movie night age 125. So basically, white is given an ICT and we know that the night is much stronger than upon. But after taking the night, we see that the position drastically changed. First of all, the bond structure is different because now like doesn't have the opponent D6. And we see how we can, black spawns have become, for example, this point on F7 now is isolated. This point on the six has been attacked, and White has also opened these gif file. So why can also attack? And for example, the move Quinn do d5 here would be very strong because we're already looking at the king. Now that there is no Poland G6, I'm actually right here, has excellent compensation even why does already better IF NOT going in here. So black continued with H6 to stop window G5. But are the idea that white hat was to play the mook to E3. So if we can bring the queen, then would bring the rook two D3 to attack. Why didn't even care about taking this polygon D6? Also, what could have taken it and get aggregate position. And after night v5, here, white found forcing sequence. When we started a DAG, we discussed that for this sequence is normally, if they work they're the best because we'll leave less options to our opponent. And after taking a D7, taken rule d3. Here, black played a move, kingdom's fate. But Black didn't have very good alternatives After nitrogen six. Then we have the strong wind reform. This 90 spins so it can take the Queen. And also we are getting this night. And after Qin to H7, quinoa four was very strong on the Etag is just when, just to show a nice line here, which involves the queen sacrifice after 1988, we can even sacrificed when we restarted the attack in ideas. And we know that when we have many pieces, looking at the King, more pieces than is great. And here we already have. And after akin to age eight, takes these already checkmate in a few Mbps. Basically black doesn't have any squares. So this is just a quick check made. And after working a fade, then White got another bond. Wider already has two bonds for the piece and is attacking. So here's pretty direct. And after F4, the game finished pretty quickly. If I've taken, taken and here black late night to create taken on the phi was bad because then we have windy six unreal G8. But after 98, like resigned, probably he was not waiting for the movie six. That will have to give back our night. And white is still attacking, told the game is over. So here we see that for the sacrifice, White got better pawn structure, so White created weaknesses. Why got the F5 square for the night? And we go back here, like god, this amazing Square to attack, because now there's no 0.212. So five becomes a weak square. What got a lot of targets here? And last but not least, wide got an attack on the gain. So these are very common idea that sacrifice, we get more than one advantage in return. That's why although we are sacrificing a piece, almost a full piece, because we got 1. We still have great conversation because we have several advantages. Let's take a look at another position. This is a very sharp position, and we see that white is eager to attack with move H5, an opening lines, again, luck skin. We have opposite said canceling. So remember that here it is very important to be the one attacking first. And here black paid a very typical idea, which is to give the exchange. So we'll give a rope for a night, or a bishop in this case a night. But in return, we again weekend. Whites pawn structure here, white gets too isolated double bonds. And after Queen five, like We'll start a DAC in these ponds. Normally this root will come to the semi-open file and lag get's would compensation luggage sacrificing material, but black is weakened in the structure and also trying to attack white skin. This was originally this very sharp. I will not say that one is better than the other. But here black is managing to complicate the game. I'm black has excellent conversation for the exchange. Another idea to sacrifice the exchange is to get past ponds. In this position, we see that black has on majority on the coincide two against one. But pushing the pond would probably lead nowhere because this bond can be blocked. Even white might try to block it with night rather than a queen. Remember that normally nights there, good luck in business. So there's no way to progress here. And also this bond may even become a target. Instead here pit Rosen, who is a former world champion and he was also well-known for his exchange sacrifices. He played here the very nice rock to S4, so fastforward Guinean space or trying to attack on the open side of the board. And the main idea is that if y takes the rook, for example, with the night, then we would take with that deepen. And here we get to pass bonds and they are connected. So these are called connected path bonds and they can become very strong. Additionally, remember that whenever sacrifice we can get more than one advantage in return. Here we see that this bishop now really become a very strong piece. White skin becomes more exposed. So we also have this idea of a potential attack on the King in the game. Why didn't take immediately the rook? But here black is already the one pressing. So I'm happy that we are ready analyzing more advanced ideas now that we have a more solid strategic understanding. So now it's time to do an activity. 25. Activity - Strategic Weapons: In the first position. It is wired to play, but it doesn't really matter. I would like to ask you to analyze whites and blacks pawn structure and tell me if you find any weaknesses or any targets. In the second position. Here, it is right to play. And I would like to ask you if you can find a way to try to force two isolated double bonds for black. So let me give you a hint. I already said tried to force. So here you need to find forcing moves all the time. And in this last position it is white to play. And let me ask you if you can find any forcing sequence of moves that would lead you to an advantage. So let me give you a hint. Don't be afraid to sacrifice material. 26. Activity Solution: The first decision looks a bit dull. If we see white spawn structure, we see that these bonds look very healthy. Also these ponds looks pretty healthy. Maybe one very subtle idea would be to try to get these square for black, but probably need to play D5 and then try to get this night there would probably need a lot of Tempe a lot of time. Whereas blacks pawn structure is a bit more damaged. We see that this pawn on E6, even if black pushes it to E5, it's still a backward bond. So this bond might become a target. And also the square only for EESA week square because black cannot control it with upon. So white can put a knight or a bishop there, sitting very well. So I would say here that whites position is preferable. Maybe white has a very slight advantage. But if I was playing this position, I would pick white. In fact, here in the game, White continued with roped. We want to put pressure, remember our main goal to attack. And then white doubled rooks on a file on goddess light, but stay with advantage. In the second position. White play the move F5, which is pretty forcing movie because we attack. We could have considered the move Bishop takes F6 first, but a five looks a bit more natural. And after taking on S4, well, if black doesn't take the bone than black would have to go to C8, which looks a bit sad because blood cannot go to this app because you would have these results of taking on F6 and then when a piece. So after taking the C40, we take on S4. I'm like already has to isolate it bonds. And here white took on F6. And we see that blacks pawn structure doesn't look very nice. Not to mention that the A6 and A7 bonds already isolated, so all bonds are weak here. I wouldn't even call this a sacrifice because after the movie look to you for why does getting upon bug. So why it has a very solid advantage and won the game. Last, as I said, Petrosino, former world champion and he was really great at giving the exchange on these was no exception here. He took on a six. And after take, when would the neither with the bishop, we will stay with the rook. And here, white sacrifice the exchange. But we see a very important point is that we will get the spawn on C6 because black doesn't have the morocco E6. I mean blackout played, but why do we take on E6? I still have an advantage. Instead black to either move route to C7. But after taking on C6, First of all, white sacrifice, the exchange about God to ponds. So materially speaking, we're pretty even on secondly, White has these very powerful connected pass bonds. There's even a rule of thumb that says that when we get to connected pass bonds to the sixth rank, their worth a rook. So as we can see, they can be very, very powerful. And indie game wide one pretty easily after seven months. 27. Summary - Strategic Weapons: So you have brought your strategic understanding to a whole new level. We've learned that whenever we can't attack the king straight away, we'll find new ideas such as week squares, isolated bonds, double bonds, Paul majorities to great boss bonds. We can also sacrifice material for all of these ideas. And let me remind you that all of these ideas, if we can exploit them, if we can adapt, then they're useless. So remember to always keep in mind our main goal. And as we saw when we analyze sacrifices, sometimes we can even combine ideas and also even include attacking the king. So I separated the ideas to understand them more easily. But now we see that we can definitely combine them. And I wanted to finish with a quote by a great player, the French bilayer affiliate or from the 18th century. Here really knew how important pawn structures where, and he said that ponds are the soul of chess. Which basically means that our pawn structure of how our points are placed on the board, they defined our strategies, how we will attack or defend. So even though a single bone may have little value together, they're very important. 28. Intro - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do: High. On this section we'll study a scenario which probably happened to you, which is what to do when you really don't know what to do. And your position. We know that our main goal is to attack. So whenever you can attack the king or our opponent species will do it. That's pretty clear. So what to do when you literally found no ideas on the board? Do you have to push your pons? We have to move your pieces. Let's find out. 29. Finding New Ideas: Okay, so let's start by analyzing a position. So in this position, here it is white to play. And we see that whitespace is, they all look very active. So it looks a bit hard to improve our position here. We're also attacking the spawn, but this point is attacked by three pieces and being defended by three pieces. So it is hard to make promises there. So if we start analyzing pawn moves, for example, here we could play a movie like H4, but I'm not sure if I like this MOOC because here, what idea by black would be to play H5, these square might become weak later on, it's a weak square, but here black, canada exploited. But maybe later on I could try to bring an ICT, at least here we give some ideas to black. Another idea to move upon is to play the MOOC before. But hereafter black takes, a rook takes like could be a move like nitrate S5. And we gave us square for the night. So playing before was really here really bad. Because first of all, the 0.95. could have become a target. But after playing before unblock took black God rate of this potential weakness. So what I want to illustrate here is that pawn moves, they can become riskier from the strategic point of view. So we need to be sure about the palm moves or we make, another idea here would be to play the move Bishop to a four. And this is one of the ideas that I like in this position where we don't really know what to do is to improve our business, even if it's a tiny little bit. So here the bishop moves us forward. And when we improve our pieces a little bit, new ideas might come into consideration. Here. There's an idea later on to push the boundary for so pushing the bondage of forward and create any weakness as opposed to h4 and then Blackberry in h5. And also after G4, we might try an idea to play D5 and maybe open lines for the book. And these ideas, sometimes they even come to mine after improving our position. Instead, a seemingly similar move like Egypt, we have two here would make a lot of sense because we are worsening our piece a little bit. And also this bishop here, this, it was ducking upon. In the game. Actually White played the mook to c four. And this is interesting because we attack upon, so here we're following our main goal, but this one can be defended. So how come like defended black, pure-play the mook, a two C8. If light plays a move, root D two C8, we would continue similar to the game night Y4. And after rook a two C8 here, White continued with the movie night 24. And here, blood prey, they move C5. Blackcurrant played this move before. But here comes another interesting point that when we create these little threads, we put problems to our opponent and our opponent can go wrong. To remove S5. I think it's really bad because it creates a weakness on the five. After C5. We can get d square for the night or for the rock. Here, White had a thread of late night to B6 and then night to D5. For example, if Laplace and Iran, the move like H6, night to be six attacks the rook are rookies, seven defends, the opponency six. But here, why do we have District of night to D5 under subpoena? So we cannot take the night. And after rope D7 to defend the bishop, then we will take on C6. Instead, the relatively best here was to Beirut to C7 and dissipating this move nine to be six. And after night to B6, king to have seven. We are now defending the position because after nitrogen five, then we can go to C8 and tried to give the position y is burrow here because white is trying to attack. But this was better than what was played in the game. And after the move C5, night V6, now we get the square for the night. Look to B8. What could ablate the nitrogen five? Definitely. But why don't we play the movie shop to a four. Again, improving our business a little bit because it is not clear what are we going to attack next. But after King to have seven than white followed with G4, white is gaining space, improving his position a little bit. And after H6, H4, like on dinner with kinda G8, black is really kind of waiting here. Log to the one with the idea that I mentioned to open the file, King to F7. Five. So what is improving his species? Look to age eight to the one. A rope to the One might have an idea to take on the seven. But the main point here is that y does not change in the position allowed. Instead, if white played a move like H5, here we will be closing the position. So this will make a lot of sense because now we don't have the traditional idea of G5. Here. La continue good group to a four because this rock now that blackface E5 is not doing a lot there, this point is being defended. So now at least we attack another upon rook two C8. So we see a lot of maneuvering. And now we see that we attack the pollen A5, like defense respond. Kinda C3, improving the king, moving the King a bit forward up to the eight. Night V3. Again, we'll bring the night to D5, Rukeyser, Cx Kinsey, for which of the eight rope d1. So here, Y goes back to the plan of plain G5. Rookie a droop D2 will be maneuvering, moving the business around. As we will see that why it is not pushing bonds. And here nightmare for trying to come to E6. This is another week square root C2H6, 96 visual B6. And now finally we see that white Bush's D5, like tried to defend with nitrogen. And here why even improved his king, but came to the five urbanized move. And after taken and taken into a seven here, even black resigned. We see that now after the pushing G5, first of all, what is activated his rook, because now we have a semi-open file. And also this point now we have a clear target. The other targets, D6 and i5, white couldn't progress there. But now after pushing D5, widen proved his rule, can now even got a target on G7. And why idea here, white could continue what Bishop to S3 and get this one. And even this F phone will become a postpone. So white is clearly having a barrel position here. In the last position, at least White had something to play four. But if we take a look at this position, it looks really hard. To find targets, to find ideas here, this y to play. And we see that this square might be weak, also d square may be weak, but the position looks fairly similar on both sides. Here, White continued with the move kin to E2. One natural idea, but not the best idea would be to play before, because this point on B3 might look like a weakness. So it would be termed into play before to get rid of that weakness. But here, after taken and taken, we see that now y will have two isolated ponds. Like would have won. But we will get rid of one weakness to get to potential weaknesses. So that doesn't seem like a good idea. So that's why I played it moved Qin to 2.1.1 IDS to bring the king to c2 to improve it a little bit. And then the free, this route from the defense on the game continued F6. So here again, there is no clear plans for each side. So just to show you how the game more continuous organ here, if black plays a move like e5, this would be probably not a very good idea because we would again give us square for the record or the night. That's why black continued with Kingo F7. Keen to see, to hear black freedom of G5. One idea might be to play H5 and G4. And again here we see that both white and black would move the pieces around for some moves. So it won't change the position a lot. Here night V3 is interesting to stop. G4 ideas. Here, black fixed upon structure with H4, thus was not forced at all, but luck played it anyways, rope the D5, D6, Ruby to the one. So again, we see a lot of moving around, but the position one change allowed up to F1, group to be six, up to be one. So the position is fairly balanced. There's nothing going on here. And much nightly six, kinda C3 to C5, D5, and D6. Dr. f1. Look to G8, nitrogen three. Here, like to mention that the seemingly active move four would be just bad because you have to take in and taken ten block and continue with the move Nikon S5. And we see that after playing something seemingly active, we've got more weaknesses. So this botany for is a target. This point now it's Baguadao being attacked by the open file, semi-urban file that we created. So why continue with more nitrogen three, group to B8? Nothing very interesting is going on group to be six, rugosity one, root eight, root two, D5, 97. And here what could have retreated? What could apply? For example, 5-2 d2. And the game would have been pretty equal. And here White played a very crazy and interesting idea which is ruled to be five. And the point is that now this rook on V6 would be really misplaced after taking AND taking. So we see that the root doesn't have squares to go. Normally rocks their weight on open file or semi-open files, but there, but here this rook is pretty miserable. So does y here, while it has compensation for the exchange, is a very complicated position. So here why decided to complicate the game to try to gain an advantage? In any case, let's continuously in this game because it was pretty amazing, pretty unique. And after Qin create group to a one, now we see that after taking on v5, we have a new target, so we attack it. E6, night V3. And here black didn't want to wait passively and play the MOOC D5, trying to activate his rook. And after taking rock D6, C5 quite definitely has compensation here. Look to the aide came to the fore. Now why does improving his king? Rook, associate? Y five? E5. Kinsey for your Blackberry, the move B6. And this point is pinned, so we cannot take, and if we move the rook, then this point will fall. This point on S5. And this would live wide width isolated double bonds on the file. And here what Beidi, pretty extraordinary move before. So given a full rook, just to get this position which I wanted to show, which is just getting four connected poseurs sampling, which is pretty unique. And also white has sacrificed material because white gets a night and three pounds for two rooks, which would normally not be enough, but these four bonds are just too powerful. And white won the game with this pons. Just reshow, it really doesn't have any way to contain the pons. In the 7925, again, we see that how white slowly improves his business, even if he's materially down and then starts pushing his bonds. This x takes the seven kings, seven F6. And after take in. White even didn't play the aid, but, but kept on pushing his ponds. And after C7, we see that we will get a queen. So here black resigned. So it is hard to imagine that we will get this kind of position from this seemingly boring position. What I want to highlight here first of all, is that when we don't know what to do, we should not make weekend in movies which are not ruin our position. And for that, we need to be extra careful about pawn moves. And secondly, we need to try to slowly improve our position, even if we improve it a little bit. And this also invites our opponent to go wrong. 30. Activity - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do: And now I'd like to do an activity. And here let me clarify that this activity is a bit different from other activities in the sense that there's no clear right or wrong answers here. What one does is to give some thought to the positions. In the first position it is white to play. And let me ask you about three moves here. One is the G4, The second is removed. H4 and 30, Simone's room to a3. What do you think about these moves? In the second position, it is black to play. And I would like to ask you, what do you think about the moves? Route to C6 and remove F6. 31. Activity Solution: So in the first question I asked you about the moves G4, H4, or rogue a3. Let's start with the move R2P to A3. If you're planning to bring the rook file, which might be an idea, then this MOOC by replayable. Otherwise, these broken B3 was actually doing something because it was a duck in Upon. Although this point is defended by two business and a dagger by two basis, at least the rookies doing something there. Here the move H4 might be possible. Maybe one idea would be to play H5 and tried to open the file. And here, like my Brady move H5, and we see that lag is fixing the pawn structure on the Qing site. And here comes a more subtle board here. By fixing the structure, we see that this gives lacks flexibility to wide. That's why the move G4, which was played in the game, I think, is a bit more interesting because here, White who is pressing, because why it has bearer pieces quite clearly has more active pieces. Why does attacking in general, wide wants to keep some flexibility and only make these moves that, that drastically changed upon structure once you are sure that they are very good, That's why they moved. G-force still keeps some ideas open. For example, to play a 502 great new weaknesses and the position. But also what has an idea to play route to a F1, Iraq to 83 to attack upon. So here why this slowly to enter progress, bringing the pieces a bit for not changing the position drastically. By the way, if we continue with the game here, blackberry, they moved Qin P8 rope to F1, rope to the five, rook to have three. And again here, FIFO was possible. But after taking on a five, taken on a five blackboard to I play the mook to E6 and tried to start attacking this bond. Although here, y can also do it to darkness born. Here we will give a target for black as well. Why play the movie group to have three? When we slowly in brewer position, sometimes our opponent can go wrong. And here blackbody, move up to the eight. Instead here the move kinda fade to be ready to defend the spawn was better. And have to look to the eight rule H3. Here, black defendant with the bishop. But we see that now the square is not defend it. And here Fisher played a very Astronomy Night, takes a five. And the point is that these night cannot be taken because after taking night F6, Kinney seven, Ruby seven, we have very nice Tech made. And after night, day say five, white got an extra pawn and won the game. So again, Fisher is a former world champion. He was a super-strong Player. I am not sure if he saw all these ideas and advanced when he played him of D4, but he improved his position little bit and he invited his opponent to go wrong, which happened in the game. The second position is fairly even. Maybe black is trying to look for something. These Poland deform, although we attack it, white is defending it fairly easy. The same happens with the porn on B2. It's fairly well defended. And here asking about the moves, rock C6 or F6. So the mook C6 is very natural because rooks normally on open files, they dwelt. So that's why we want to bring the other rock, which is very passive there. And the move F6 also twice to activate this rook does one of the ideas. And here, after taken, we can take with the Upon, while here, this bond might become under attack after, for example, Quinto E2 and move in the night. And after rook takes. Similarly, why do I played them overnight to D4? At least here we give an idea too wide to attack us. And after we move the root, we see that the square now is weakened. Also after a window into, what do I do get this pattern. So all in all, I am not so sure about these move F6. So on one hand we activate this rook, but we also gave some idea as to what were the moves route to C6 improves. Black's position are tiny liquid, but we don't give anything to white. So I will refer here to move up to C6, which was played in the game. And here the position was fairly equal. Osteoblast put a bit of pressure and in the end even managed to win the game. 32. Outro - What to Do, When You Don't Know What to Do: So let's summarize what we learned in this lesson first and foremost. And this is very important. When you don't know what to do, don't warrant a new position. And for that, be extra careful about pushing your pons and Jane newborn structure. Secondly, find a way to improve your pieces, to activate your list active piece, even if you can improve a base a little bit, even if you can move it one wrong forward, you get closer to your opponents territory. And this may also bring new ideas into the position. And last, Remember that when you improve your position, you also invite your opponent to play undergo wrong. So don't be the first Making your position worse. Invite your opponent towards in his position. So I'll see you in the next section to keep on learning middle game ideas. 33. Intro - Transitioning to an Ending: Hi again. On this section we'll study a topic which is definitely more advanced, which is whether you should go for an ending or not. So whenever you have a position, should do exchange pieces and tried to get an ending. Does having a material advantage mean that you should always change pieces to offer an ending. Last answer these questions. 34. Equal Material: Let's start by analyzing position where we have equal material. First of all, if we have equal material and the position is extremely similar, let's say we have a symmetrical position and we exchanged pieces, we go into an ending. Then if we continue exchanging business in the end, we will end up with kings. So the game is going to be a draw. I think that's pretty clear. But in the position that we have in front, there's a slight difference. We see that like has opponent C6 and White has upon on a four. And here y continue with them. Overlook the eight exchange and rooks. And after exchanging rooks, can do A7 will continue with the move to d2. So what he is trying to exchange quizzes. And on the first side, it is hard to know what this is, good or bad. So ultimately here we need to know where are these ending after exchanging wins is better or not for wide. So here we would need to have, and the knowledge here first, black play, Quinto A1 check. And after Quinn, the one white, insists on going for descending. Then here black exchange queens. And here we have a very similar position which is not symmetrical. And actually hear, descending is quite favorable for white, if not, when. The point is that white past porn on a four is going to be stronger than the pawn on C6. And one of the reasons for that is that black skiing is farther away from the bone than white's king. So in addition to trying to stop the pond with the bishops, white can also bring their king more easily than black. Therefore, y strategy of trying to go for descending was pretty interesting in a seemingly equal position. And here was actually quite surprised, quite shocked to see that like who is a very strong player. Here, exchange wins. Because here they move Quinto E5 factually seem much stronger to me. One of the ideas we are stopping the spawn from moving. Also when we have queens on the board, we have the additional resource of a duck in here. And target seems a bit far-fetched, but we may still have the idea of attacking, and last but not least would queens on the board. We also have this resource of women upper bed. Well, so here the drawing chances are much better. Maybe black thought that the ending after exchanging Queens was easy to defend, but actually in the end, black loss. So the game continued visual T2, S3, which is logical to stop this bond. And here why continued with Bishop to C5? But actually, according to my analysis here, even Bishop to B6 was even simpler and stronger because we are pushing the bone and white should normally, when, in any case, after Bishop to Z5. White also won the game. So if we see that the ending is favorable, then trying to force it is already. In this position here, black played the move, the active move, Quinto G4. And here, first of all, this group on a jade doesn't look good at all. This bishop so far is kind of logged by its own ponds. This rooks looks very passive. So wise position looks much better. Why does it has denied that is ready to attack the king if it can. So here white has a better position even if y doesn't exchange queens. But on the other hand here, while the move Quinn draft three going for an ending. Because here what keeps his advantage on the ending? And here, Well, one of the ideas that why does trying to exchange blacks only active piece. But also, as we see, one idea that white has is to play the move F5 and trying to live it this bishop, but here this idea would fail to quintic C4. So after Quinn to have three black continue with group 28. And here white exchange queens. White gives the advantage. And also here black has really no underplay, No idea of attacking. So here as we say, why does only plane for two results, either to win or to draw. Whereas in the other position, he was probably easier for white to make a mistake. So here what is pressing almost for free? And after the mobile F5, we see that this vision of really is really bad because it's, it doesn't have any activity. And G5, what beta move H5. And we already see that why it has a postpone. This position is probably still mainly game going into an ending. The only one that can progress here as wide, wide can drive pushing before to grade your weaknesses on blacks camp, on basically blog is only suffering and also lost again. In this position. We can also see that black has an advantage for us of all black has dc file. Also black has some weeks squares to put his VCs. And here, like decided to go for this ending exchange in Queensland, rooks are move like night reform, I think was perfectly playable. I am not really sure while black was afraid of, for instance, white could try to push his bonds and try to complicate the position. I am not sure about that. But here black, who is Smith's love, who was also normally a very solid player, who liked playing endings, was happy to go for an ending after Quincy to take in. Taken, this rope is very active, so wide exchanges, the rook untaken NF2. Nitrosyl for attacks, these bonds. Nitrogen one defends king to have seven. We saw this idea that we don't have a clear plan. We improve solely RPCs. And again, we see that there's this square. We have an inactive night. Black doesn't have any weaknesses, so black is slightly better here. And here will continue with the move B3. Actually here or thought that it was interesting to wait before blame that move. Since after B3, like they, they move nato D6. And black will have an additional idea of coming to S3. And if white exchanges, then black will get a backbone. And again, we see that black has a slight advantage before exchanging Queensland MOOCS. So in the middle game, like has an advantage. And here's oblige has an advantage. And again here, black is almost pressing for free, whereas in the other position, it was probably easier for blood to go wrong. So first of all, we should strive for an ending. If that ending is favorable for us, if it gives us more than just a win, if we improve our precision like in the first position that we saw. And secondly, if going for London doesn't change the evaluation of the position, some of our polygon is equal and we still give the position equal after gone for the ending. Or if I slightly better. And we keep disadvantage in the ending, then this is more of a personal choice. It's a matter of taste. Although here, normally go in for an ending will normally decrease our chances of losing. But it will also increase our chances of growing the game. 35. Material Advantage: Let's now analyze positions were one side has a material advantage. For example, in the position that we have in front wide has an extra pond. So let me ask you, what do you think about trying to exchange wins? We have an extra ponds, so should we exchange with and try to go for a rook and Ning or not? Here there are several reasons why this is not a good idea. Let's start with the first is that normally we want to attack. And here we see that lacks King is a bit exposed. So we could try attacking that King. And the second reason, and here we would need some extra and the knowledges that broke endings can be very tricky to convert have a material advantage. After the move Quinn to E3, black exchanges, Queens. At least. White improved his pawn structure because we had two isolated double bonds, but it would be a bit hard to progress. That's why in this position, here, White played the mook to E4, attack the queen. But also possible and probably simply resurvey survey queen to the, to remodel, we like to attack. And after King D7, rope D4, check and Rob D6. And we already improved opposition quite a lot. So we still keep the material advantage. And we also attack. The game continued in similar fashion, Luke to E4 and after Quinto H5, R2P deform. When F7, Quinto E3, Quinto age seven, and row six. And we see that white is attacking an already here, black resigned. So the bottom line here is that when we have a material advantage, we should not just relax and exchange business no matter what. We should also not give our advantages. Here we have an advantage which is the possibility to attack. So we should still keep our advantage and not give it just to go for an ending with Upon up or wood material advantage. Let's analyze another position. This position is pretty wild. What is a piece up? But this bishop is pinned. Black has two ponds for the piece which should normally not be enough. We associate that black may have some ideas to attack white's king. So this was shown is quite different to the first example because here, white scheme might become under attack more easily. That's why normally hear exchanging queens might be a good idea. On the other hand, we cannot pay them off Quinto y3 first because here, this bishop hanging. And actually hear White had a very interesting idea, difficult to find, but very interesting, which is the MOOC when 2D6 and after again G8 played visually takes E6. And we see that we attack the queen and we attack the rook. So we can manage here to exchange Queens. Because if black takes the bishop, then we take the rook. And after the move, Luke takes queen than we'd take back the Queen. And here we see that our working is going to be safe and we are going towards an ending. And it should normally be easily winning for white because the material advantage here will tell. So it is important to evaluate the position regardless of the material advantage, to see whether it's a good idea or not. To strive for an ending. Here, White played the move R2P days D6, given back some material, but on the other hand, he's damaging blacks pawn structure and also trying to attack. And after the move Quinn, 2D6, King F7, rook two, y1. Why does attacking this Pantone six and after queen jack, king draft to black is forced to give material bug. And here again, if we evaluate this procedure, we see that white would like to exchange Queens because his skin is exposed. So the ending should normally give an advantage. So let's continue with the game. The position is very complicated, but one idea would be to play solid moves like quintile before and after. King of seven, root 3-5, trying to exchange pieces. But here, White wanted to play aggressively and braid them overnight to V3. And after currIndex have for King, the idea now is to play rook two F1 to counterattack. But here follow the mook 25. And after getting three, In any case, we see here that the posterior is very sharp. So I'm not sure that this is a good strategy when we could have tried to get a solid and the advantage, in any case has continued with a game. When do we form King d2? When before came to D1. And like God, another pawn. But whites IDS to Beirut to F1, attacking black skin first. But here follow the very surprising rope to F5. And after taking the rook black 2k, and we have this very crazy position where we're normally as a rookie stronger than four pounds. But actually here exchange in Queens, as played in the game was about strategy. Now, the Pacinian change. So it was probably better now to try to attack the king. Because after the move Quinn to D2, Winn-Dixie dual and getting dizzy do G5, we see that blood gets four connected pass bonds. And this position is also crazy, but it'll still be better for black. We also analyze the position would for connected path bonds and we know that they can be very, very strong. So in this game, white dried to exchange Queens at the wrong moment. So the bottom line here is that we should definitely always evaluate the resulting ending. But also that having a material advantage does not necessarily mean trying to offer an ending. In some cases, we should go for it, for instance, when we are under attack, but sometimes when we give away an advantage, like in the first position where we had the option to attack. It is not a good idea to exchange pieces automatically because we have a material advantage. In fact, this can also be a resource for defending side. When having a material disadvantage, trying to go for a dovish ending. 36. Activity - Transitioning to an Ending: Let's now do an activity in the first position. It is Y2 play and hear what play the move queen to S3. So let me ask you what whites idea behind this move? In the second position. Let me ask you about whites idea. To play roped HD eight. And after taking with the rock, playing the rope to the one to keep on exchange in more pieces. What do you think about this idea? 37. Activity Solution: Okay, so the first position, the move Queen 2.3.3 played in the game was quite interesting. And the idea is to go for these night ending. And we see that these bonds might suffer a little bit. So wide here has clear targets. These bonds can be attacked with night. And also, let's say that white plays a move liking C8 here after the G3 untaken, wide would get this past H1, which is normally an advantage in endings to have bass bonds. So the move point to S3 is very interesting. With that in mind, I think that it was better for black to avoid exchange in Queens. For instance, playing the woke window H6, which still defends this bond and is a DAG and respond, although the policy funding we are taking upon. But luckily the move queen to the fore. In any case why it still took the Queen and wonderful and the ending and also got an advantage and won the game. So I think that the move going to default was probably not the best move. Again, maybe here black underestimated the ending and thought that he could hold a position, but in the end, still lost again. And in the second position, white has definitely landed. Landed, why does upon up? And also this bishop is probably more active than this night. So here exchanging rooks is a nice idea, but it was not forced adult. So here the game continued. Rupee one on here, black exchange. And we see that in descending, white gets three points against two on the coincide. So white will normally get a passport. And also this bishop here is more active than the night, so white gets a better, much better ending. On the other hand, White could have continued with a movie like Bishop to C5 and still get a better position. 38. Outro - Transitioning to an Ending: So remember to always evaluate the resulting position that you will get an, an ending for daddy would normally need salmon in knowledge. And based on that, decide whether going front end in is a good idea or not. Also remember that having a material advantage doesn't necessarily mean that go in for an engineering software idea. Sometimes this may give the Defendant side a lot of growing Chances are last Remember that if it doesn't affect the position, going for an ending is a personal choice. If you like. Ln endings tried to go for them. But if you don't like playing and things, you can definitely keep pieces on the board keyboard engine to try doing your games. 39. Intro - Defense: Hi there. Here we study how to defend whenever you have a worse position or whenever you're under attack. This is a very important section that will improve your overall skills as a chess player. So let's get started. 40. The Best Way to Defend: Hi everyone. I'm, let me ask you, should you always defend by playing defensive moves? The answer is definitely not. In fact, normally playing defensive moves should be our last choice. On the other hand, I know that this is hard because when we are under attack, our instinct is to play defensive. And unfortunately this is not the best reaction. Let's take a look at some examples. In the following position. We see that black is upon up. But on the other hand, we can see that white has more active basis. This bishop looks active. These Night is also very threatening. And here black sprays any random move, any bad move, let's say A6, we would lose a piece after night takes, untaken, taken. So here comes another important principle. We should always looked at our opponents threat. This is a general rule in every position, we should be aware of what our opponents plan to play. But particularly when we are under attack because here, Nazi in the threat might cost us the game in one move. With that in mind, now that we know that this night is indirectly being attacked after taking the bishop, we would lose a night. Then we would think about moving the night. But if we move the night, for instance to S5, then here whitewater attack. And after pH seven, rook to have three, We are in trouble. Again, there's the threat of taken and C8. And given a checkmate, move in the night to another square, let's say F8 still here. The move rookie aid is quite annoying because these rocky spend. Another idea to deal with that is to move the bishop. And this is actually better because this year we are improving the bishop. So now there's no night dxi eight and we defined the night. This would be okay for black. But here comes the best way to defend whenever possible, look for attacking moves. So in a way we're still using the most important idea in the middle game, which is to attack. So here we might think about ideas to adapt. One of them is to play the moocs is six. Here, we attack whites most active piece. And if y takes, for example, then we take, and now we are different in night where upon up. So here we're doing very well. In the game Black follow the same principle and blade, a more complicated move, but still following the idea of a tagging blood played the move D4. And the point is that after take enunciate and dig enunciate, get this ending. On which block is upon up. Instead here white continue with the move measured before and after Bishop to D7 will have to again hear black follow this idea of attacking. Again B5, attacking this bishop. Planning to move before and after B3, B4, which have to be to revoke A6, we see how black is attacking, and now this night has to retreat. And after rook A6, we see that black is already getting the c file. Likely Sackler upon up and won the game. Pretty quickly. So while the move Bishop to seven is a good move, it's even much better to play a move like the four or up to C6 because they are attacking moves. Attacking has a psychological value. When we attack, we have a psychological Ed. When we are under attack, we have this stress and we have this wrong instinct of always pay in defensive moves. Now that we know this idea is going to be easier to find moves when defending in this position, it is like to play. And we see that these 9000 tag, like sub e sub, But why does trying to attack? And we cannot move this night 20 square because if we move it here, then Quinto H4 is checkmate. So we should always look at our opponents threat here night H7 is a move because now Quinn 24 is not checkmate. But if we see here that window edge four is not going to be checkmated one move, because we would have the move to H7 to defend. With that in mind weekend here, find the move Quinto C6, because you're, we plan to Jack made in one move. And this movie is definitely stronger than Night to H7. Here, what has to defend? And after rook two, a2, if Laplace's four, then this threat is not there anymore. We could, even today with the Queen because we attack the queen. And after Rog a T2, again here black found a very precise move and forcing, which is the move nine to five. And the point is that after taking the night, which happened in the game, here comes some of kindred one, king F2 and after akin to D2, then here white resigned. Since after King to y1. Then look to see why this degrade. So here black defended by playing the most dogmatic moves. So whenever possible, play attacking moves. And the last position really takes this concept to the extreme. Here the position is quite sharp. On the other hand, Black is upon up. And we see that y dy is trying to attack black skiing. This king here looks a bit shaky. And white has a lot of pieces on blacks camp. On the other hand, if we look at the square D seven, it is being attacked by two pieces and being defended by two pieces. So there is no clear wait for white to win, at least in one move. We can also see that white's king doesn't have a lot of pieces to defend him. And also these Bishop is looking at the king. So with that in mind, if we follow this principle here, we could build a move like Quinn to D5 because there's no immediate threat for white. This would be a very good move actually. But here black plate, the seemingly crazy move, rook two H8, which is very direct because we attack the queen and we will plan to take this bishop if their queen moves. So why took the rook and then follow the move R2P to C2? So the queen was looking at the square, and now it is not controlling C2 anymore. So now we plan to attack loop takes is a very strong threat. And here White played the move root to c one which loses, as we'll see. And just to illustrate how strong this principle of counter antagonists even hear what had the move D5 deposition is very crazy. But the idea is that after D5, first of all, we stop this threat even if it's for one move. And here, if Y takes with the queen, here, y two would have the move 34, which is very strong because we are looking at this night, on the night kind of moved because we are taking D7. And if Bishop takes the five, then here what would have the more active route to the one? And I set the position is extremely crazy. Both sides are trying to check made each other. But the bottom line is that d5 was our stronger defense. Instead after root two, C one, which is just a defensive move, trying to exchange looks like continued with rock density due came to F1. And after Quinn to be three, then the game is over partition. Black plants to play, queen to have three and keep on attacking. And white has no way to stop that. After Qin to one queen draft three wide resigned. What is rho cap? But, but wide kind of stop Quinto F2, followed by Bishop to have three, and it's going to be Jack made. So remember when defend, don't only go for the fancy amorphous. First of all, look at your opponents threat. This applies to any position, but even more here when you defend because in one move of the game could be over. And secondly, whenever possible, player tag and moves. 41. Other Common Ideas: Hi again. And now I'd like to talk about other common ideas when defending. But in any case here we see that trend to play actively or contour attacking is still a good strategy here as well. First, one of the ideas when we spoke about transitioning to an ending is to go for an ending when you are a defendant, for example, when you have a bad position and you can go into an ending even if or slightly worse, that is an idea to defend. So remember that concision in tunneling can be done even if we are materially down. So it depends on the position. For instance, if we avoid a Jack made in a dark and go into an ending that we can hold. That's a good idea. And in endings, there is the additional resource of our fortress, which is a position in which someone who has a material advantage cannot progress, cannot make through. This is normally more of an ending topic, but lets see an example. In this position, it is wise to play and we see that the speedup is being attacked if white moves this visual, for example, two a2, then here this point will fall. Not to mention that here the bishop can be taken and also the rook after given a check. So that's why here white gives it the bishop. And he does it in the best possible way, which is a force in way because you're white plays him overlook to have three which attacks upon. Thus why after taking the bishop now would take this bone, which is a very dangerous postpone. And here black HASA significant material advantage. But after the move Quint Raf1, Iraq to have three kin to F5 as playing the game. Rook two, u4. We see that black cannot progress here. Basically, this rook is holding the blacks King from attacking white skin. So we'll lobe like has a material advantage. Like cannot progress here. So this is a fortress and the position is a draw. Another industry idea when defending is to force up perpetual check and is normally requires very precise calculation in this position, we see that luck, here's two points down, like is trying to attack. But on the other hand, this part on the six looks very, very dangerous, is just About to promote. But here black found the very forcing continuation group tasty do. So here again, blacks followed this principle of trying to find an active defense. And after taken queen jack. Here, why play the MOOC window Jiddu. If root two G2, then we have this perpetual idea. So if one wants to get something, will have to play the move. When did you do a spade in the game? And here again we have this forcing move. Nitrogen deposition looks lost, but here black has this forcing move, 90th check. The queen cannot take the night because the Queen is pinned. And after dig in the night, Quinto H5 Check window, H2 is the only move Quinn to F3. And while if quantity du, then we play again window edge five. And after rookie did tool here, black played a very precise Quinta d1. So we'll give a check and we'll give it the Quinn ready to check either on D1 or H5 or F3. And after window D1, again, if routed to d1, we again have winter three. And after Quinn G1, we have distMoved Quinto H5. And after Rog H2. We have three. So basically black will check Iran D1, F3, or h5. And the game is that row. Here, I will select dimension dispositions on which we have a dual advantage. But on the other hand, our opponent is having some serious comfortably. And here again, whenever we can force the position, this is a great idea. In this position, we see that white has a lot of material advantage. White has two rooks for a Bishop and the night. So the material advantages huge. Not to mention that here white has two connected pass ponds. And here y to play the move wind 33. And after Queen takes the five, oxygen is still very complicated. But we see that lag is having some attacking chances. Night to S4 will attack the queen. These Bishop might come to the fore. If white plays some overlay, kinda d1, we would get the Queen. So the position is very complicated and indeed end. White lost again. And here White had a very amazing move which follows this idea of active gonorrhea player ducking. And even if we give a lot of material back, because here we have a huge material advantages. So here, white conveyed the surprising move route to age eight, even a full rook. And the idea is that if black takes with the king, then we play again check forcing move Quint V8 and weak chain queens. And although here, the position is materially much more even here after Cambridge seven For example here white convey the move D6. And these ponds, one of them will promote. So here white wins pretty easily. By the way, also here after the move, beach uptakes while it has the move Windows seven and we force exchange of wins. So this is the main idea. We give material, but we completely eliminate our opponents attacking chances. This was a move which was very hard to find, but it follows the principle of login for active ideas, even here at the cost of given material. Back. And last, I'd like to mention another idea which is definitely more advanced, which is to give material in order to neutralize our opponents initiative. In this position. Here, these white to play, and we see that this rook is being attacked. And moving the MOOC, for example, to u1 here, the MOOC window edge four looks very scary because so we're looking at the Qing and also after the MOOC to have tool. Now here can take on a form. And after taking when G5, we see that lag is attacking and getting material back. If not checkmate in white skin. That's why here, but Trojan blade there. Very interesting move, Knight V3, which first, it improves whites position because this Nikon D1 was really passive. And the idea is that after giving the exchange, first of all, why it has upon, but now we eliminated the most active piece that black hat. So when neutralize, blacks attack r. Now we are attacking this night. Like has to move the night. And also after giving this bishop, white has the mortgage of the G4 and we see that the squares very weak. So this bishop will land on E6 and it will be wide, the one hole attack. So in the end, this is also looking for active contemplate. In fact, here after taking on a four wide kept on sacrificing material to attack. And after Bishop to E6. Like has Target bag the night before, we see how, why does materially down on, but why does the one attacking? So we see a lot of pieces. We'll start to look at black skin and widen the game. 42. Activity - Defense: Let's now practice and a few positions in the first position here, this black to play, we see that we have a very complicated position. We have opposite side canceling and why displaying to give checkmate in one move with Quinto H7. We also can't take the screen because the bond is pinned. So let me ask you, how can luck save the game? Let me also give you a hint. We definitely need to play are forcing move here because white is planning to give checkmate in one move, moving this rook one help because Quinn takes FC7, is Jack made. That's why blackness to play force in members here. In the second position here we see that we have maybe complicated position. White has two rooks for the Queen, but black has many more ponds. And here black took on e3. So here it is, Y2 play, uh, let me ask you, how can you save the game? Again now we're materially down, so we need to play forcing moves for sure. 43. Activity Solution: In the first position and black is in timed with the movement I2, A3 check. And we see that this point is pinned. So they only move for why display King to a one. And here again, the only logical continuation is to play them overnight to C2 and give another check after King to be one night Ray three is going to be upper federal check. The second position is about an idea that we didn't discuss, which is statement. By the way, let me show the position of few moves before here. White blade move F5 is in a desperate situation on here too. I District of playing a five. I'm lagged, didn't follow the idea that I discussed about double-checking your opponents idea, your opponent threat, unlike confidently took the rook and now black has a huge material advantage. But this is actually a bad move. Instead, pretty much any other move, like playing B phi for example, spawn. Black has a huge advantage at this point, is very powerful and would win easily. But after the move visuals takes e3 here, White played the fantastic rope to D7, check forcing move, and the game is a draw. After kingdom AGE eight, then we would just give another check. So if Black wants to progress, he would have to go to H6. And here again, we have this force in MOOC two 87, very precise. And the king cannot go to D5 because we have the night. And after digging the rook, then we see these fantastic position where it is tailor-made. The king cannot go to d1 or d2. This bonds cannot move. And this night is pinned. That's why this is a draw. So in this section we've learned a very important principle which is to defend whenever possible by Blaine active attack and moves. Most of the ideas are resolved like great inner fortress or given a perpetual or given bag material to avoid attack. Normally they involve playing actively. So if you can find condo play in a position, then you might lay more passively while on next move, you can start looking again for active counter play. 44. Intro - Final Activity: It is now time to do our final activity. And let me say two nodes here. The first is that don't worry if you find this position heart, character, the heart. But the main point here is to really learn to try hard. And the second is that I created a checklist for you to help you with all the ideas that we learned in this course. So you can use it to how do you, while analyzing their positions. 45. Final Activity: All right, so in the first position as we see, we have equal material. So let me ask you, what do you think about the movie Queen created by black? So these movies Looking at this Quinn, so we would be offering an exchange of Queens. What do you think about this move? In the second position? It is also black to play. And we see that black can promote upon. And let me ask you, what would you play here as black? And let me give you a hint. Double-check if white has any forcing idea. In this third position, it is black to play. Let me ask you, how would you play here as black? Black is upon down here. Although these bonds are isolated double bonds, these are past bonds. These bonds can advance easily. And also white might try play in a movie like nitrogen C6, Z6 is weak. So like has to do something here pretty quickly. And in this last position it is wise to play. And let me ask you, what do you think about the move? Queen takes A6, you can evaluate the position. And if you don't like that move, you can think about other modes to play as wide. 46. Final Activity Solution: Okay, so let's start with the first position. In the first position, playing the Queen to G8 by black is not a bad move. But let's evaluate the position we have, first of all, equal material, but on the other hand, we have opposite color bishops. Here we would need some ending knowledge. Going for an opposite colors ending bishop, we would normally get a very draw wish position. Just to illustrate with an example and without going too deep into opposite colored bishops endings in this position here, regardless of wherever it is white or black to play, deposition is a draw. Even know why these two bonds up, because basically there's no weight for Y2 progress here. Bonds are going to be blocked digitally on the light squares. So as they sometimes say in chess here, after the MOOC went to Yale, untaken would be kind of killing the position. Because here what obey a move like a 522 exchange more bonds. And here we get a position where it is very hard to attack white's king. So the move going to aide is not necessarily bad, but is kind of ending the game. But here, blood played more viciously and braid them. Move window H6, which looks like a nice move. First of all, we attack upon on a four and wide found a way to keep the material balance after the move Quinn to D4. And after taking on a four queen takes F6 and after Y5. Here we see the difference of activity between the two bishops. This bishop on N4 is much more active than this fish of which is locked in by its own ponds. And here having queens, bishops, and rocks, there is a chance for blood to attack white skin. The game continued. H4, Quinto, F8, H5, Quincy, h5 tag, kainate 100, B6. And in the end, black managed to win the game. Like has a better position because he has much more active basis. In the second position here we would love to play the move D1 queens. But here we can see that the whites idea is to play Windows seven. And if we go to H6 than we give another check. And if we go back to G7, this DS1 way too dry to continue the game would kinda G8. But after Quint V8 can just seven, Queenie seven is a perpetual check. We might even lose a game if you play badly. Here, this window FAD stagnate. One idea to try to stop that is to first play a check, which is a force. We must definitely check this idea. And after kinda c2 here we have this problem that white is in time to attack the bond on D2. So that's why here black played the very nice D1 promoting a night. This idea is called the under promotion, so we don't promote to a queen. But the main idea here is to play a forcing move because we give a check as Y, Y does not intend to give perpetual check. And after K2, c2, night to E3 came to D3 night to have five were in time to stop this idea of Queen to E7. Although here y can take on Y5. Here black play precisely some texts. So when we have an open King, we can maneuver a lot with our business by given a lot of checks. And after Quinn to D4 kinda sit to taking only five, we see that in the n block is two points up. And also how in a better position, because you might even still have some ideas to attack white's king, so black won the game easily. The third position is coming from our defense, which is called the Kings in defense, which is a very wild defends. And basically here, white gets a lot of space on the Queen inside. So white is trying to attack on the coincide Heav'n one upon in this line. And we see that black is pushing ponds on the Qing side. Since black has a lot of pieces on the king's side, normally, his king is not going to come under attack, but actually the ideas to attack white's king. This makes a lot of sense. If we remember our principle about the takin, which is to have more pieces attacking than our opponent. We see that by having more police on the king's side, trying to attack their makes a lot of sense. Does y here, blood played emoji for even if black Gibbs material gives another point. And this is much better than defending passively on coincide, where a wider already has a huge advantage there. And here follow the movie night to C6. And although this gains time attacking the queen, here, black continued with the MOOC windrow fade. And as we'll see, this point will come also to the king side. The position is extremely complicated, but I will show the rest of the game here. White took the ball and G4. There's also the solution idea that this bishop is in a way looking at the King side. So this bishop also counts as an attacking piece. Here, black continued with each of the G5 blind to bring the Queen and possibly also the rook login in the king. And after Bishop to three Quinto H6, rope to y1. One idea by white is to escape. Let me also mention another topic ID and disposition is to play rope to A3 to defend, bring the group to defend. And after night to H4. Here y to connect four. But as we'll see, black, we'll get a lot of attack on the R-squares. Here, y two I, D5. And after taking 25 group to E2 nitrogen for bringing more voices into the attack rope to b1, b2, b3, e3, and Quinto H4, who said that blacks attack is going to be very strong. In fact here, already wide resigned because there's no easy way to deal with this checkmate idea. Quinto H2, followed by Quinto H1 checkmate. And in last position, Y2K A6. We'll see this idea later. Here. I actually prefer blacks physician like has very strong nights on the center. Nights they can be stable in the center, they are very strong. This pole on the six might look like a weakness, but it is not so hard to target and it's very well-defended by black. With that in mind, remember when we analyze what to do, when we don't know what to do, probably it is better to not affect the position a lot. Maybe hear a movie like Quint v3, followed by this night to F3, for example, which have F6. Bring this night to D3. We cannot bring the other night because nitrogen three. But here we will tend to exchange some of our nights for blacks nights, which are very strong, although here still like has a very good position. I think that this is better than what was paid in the game after Queen dies, X6 here followed the attack in ROCC is 71 of the main ideas is that white cannot take on B6 because after rook e to be seven, this queen would be trapped. Remember to always double-check your opponents threat. That's why here the only movies to play queen to be five. But after taking them B5 and take number five here, black. First of all, God upon back. Secondly, black is the one attacking. So we are already looking at this bishop. And last but not least here, what got to isolated double bonds? As we know, these ones are weak. In fact, in the game, Black took both of these ponds and won the game. So here white drastically changed the position, but wasn't his position. So in that position it was probably better to wait or to try to exchange blacks best pieces. 47. Next Steps: Well then I hope that you enjoyed this course. I really enjoyed doing it. And I really hope that this course was helpful for you. Let me give you a few gift. First of all, remember that you have the checklist. Second, I created a list of games that are very interesting to study. So you can study them using the checklist that will help you understand the games. Last, I analyzed some of my favorite games using all the principles that we learned in this course. As for your next steps, I suggest that you focus on other stages of the game. If you feel like you need some improvement there, like the ending or the opening. So it was great to have in this course and I hope to see you soon. 48. Masterpieces: Kasparov's Immortal game: Alright, so the first game that I chose is a game played by Garry Kasparov, who was a former champion against vessel into Palo, who is another formal champion. So here the game is pretty amazing. We have two extremely strong players playing against each other, and this makes the quality of the game even better. One of the many things that make these game grade is all the attack and possibilities that will see the only moves that are played, the counterattack and possibilities and the attacking sacrifices. So let's get started. Why did play the movie for I will mainly focus in the middle game, part of the game, but I will mention the opening main ideas. So here what plays a movie for which is the king Spawn Game? And here black has a lot of replies, such as E5 or C5. And here black plate D6, which is not the most common move, because after d4, white gets the sender, the six is called the periods defense. And after night to F6 attack any FOR night to C3. G6. Luck will develop the bishop on this diagonal. Kasparov played a bishop to E3. More common is the knight to F3 here. And after bishop Tutu to Castle short. And this would normally lead to a quieter game. But Caspar of anisotropy, They were both very aggressive players. Thus why Kasparov will try a more aggressive plan. Here, black continued with Bishop to G7, to C6, F3. This is the idea that gas pedal has. He wants to push bonds on the king's side, unchosen The coincide, and tried to attack the bishop. Thus y here, black played the MOOC B5, which is quite interesting to play against your opponents plan. Instead of casting and being attacked, topology wants to counter attack. And here Kasparov similarly, instead of canceling, which is a possibility. But after cancelling, maybe black wanted to play more before. Here he played a movie, night to night, G2, E2. One of the ideas is that after, before than the night, come, come to the one and then come back to the game. I'm draft two and even go into the king's side. And tupple of continued developing, which is one of the main goals in the opening. And here a Kasparov played the move, which up to H6. And here tupple of token H6, the bond is that after casting then H4, what we'll try to attack. This was possible but didn't want to be attacked. So devolve, took on H6 and then develop the bishop to be seven. And here, before gasoline Kasparov played a move A3. And here, topology played him over E5, long GSL, Quinn to E7. The idea is that black cannot castle short here because we have the query and H6, but like will cast along came to be one. This is a very common move to improve your king a little bit because they kick on C1 might be attacked more easily. And after A6 night to C1, Moses or improving their pieces a little bit, castle long, night to B3. So not the night can come to the coincide and also the speedup might develop here. And here. Tupple of prey move edX D4, which was not forced at all. So here black could play a move like King to B8. Normally the king is safer in the corner. Also possible it was to play a mobile AX5. But taken on the forest more in the style of topology and Rossen Kasparov Because they want an open position where normally you will have more attacking possibilities. So they are both very dynamic players. And here Kasparov took with the rook. Also possible was to play with the night. But taken when the rock is even more aggressive, the suits, Chesbrough style. Couple of continue with the move S5 again, pain dynamically, and C5 has pros and cons. First of all, the square on the five might become weak. So if white manages to get a piece there, he will have a strategic advantage. But on the other hand, black is controlling the D Foursquare now, which is normally a very important square of a White to maneuver his business. And also these Bishop now is becoming more active. And if like gets to play D5 on time, the five would not be a weak square. So we see a lot of dynamic possibilities here. And here Kasparov played a move up to the one. Rope to D2 was another possibility. So this position still has quite a lot of possible options are no idea here for y will be to try to attack these backward pawn. But if black manages to play the five, he will get rid of this Bagger bond and also the weak square on the five. Again, contiguity look to the one night to be six. G3 is an interesting idea to develop the bishop on this diagonal. King to B8, night 25. And here topology played the logical move visual to eight. But let me also briefly mentioned that here D5 was also industry. Although white manages to exchange this night for this bishop, like he's gained by reactive position. But it was really hard to see what happened in the game. After visual to eight, Egypt to h3. This was the idea to develop Bishop. D5 was played, which is the main idea. Analyse ideas to continue developing. Unwind would also contain developing, and I think that wide still has a slight advantage. So the five was a very ambitious move. These are both ambitious players, so they want to both get an advantage. And after the move Kendra for check, this queen was not doing a lot on H6. That's why we improve it a little bit. On here, black played the move kin to A7. Quinn 2D6 was not possible because we have E5 and we gay material. And after King to a seven here, White continued with ROCC aged to y1. It's important not to take on the fight because you're likely to get very active pieces. So this would be helping black on here of like congenial Blaine D4, which is very interesting because we attack a night on S3. And the idea is that if we retreat with the night, than black would keep on trying to attack white plane on the opponent's territory. And what we are doing great. But Kasparov actually paid on lugs camp and played the move 95. We attack the queen. And I have to take it on D5 and D6, D5. We're looking at the queen. That is one of the main ideas. So like so far, cannot take the bond on the five. And after the move Quinn 2D6, defending the night. Here, what played the amazing robe takes the far. Before we see that mobile, let's take a look at the position. If we exchange queens, black would we do in very fine here. Lets, after rook to E7 is possibly the only active move that we have. But after King to be six, if we move this night, then we'll just get the spawn. And actually this king here is doing very well. I'm black is having an extra pond. So Castro has to do something drastic because this point is going to fall. That's why he played this move roped AC for. And the idea is actually not very clear. Thus y here, black token D4 is hard to blame black for taking this MOOC because the combination that is extremely long and very, very hard to find. Here, I just want to mention that black had an alternative, which is to not take the rook after playing the movie came to be six. We see that we are now again looking at the rook, looking at night and possibly trying to exchange queens. And here, black would normally get a good position. Let's say that we play the move before defend in the night. Again, we don't take this rook, but we exchange wins. And after taking on the five here, we see that we exchange a lot of material and their position was more or less balanced. Steel complicated, but more balanced than in the game, like undertaken before. And then nice night would possibly have to retreat here. And we have a complicated position, materially balanced. But let's see what happened in the game because taken rook, First of all, whites idea was not to take on the form. That's why this game is really fantastic. Which is the dwell move that would come after sacrifice in Iraq. But here black would defend after Quinta V6, rope to E7. And here we have to defend the Queen. So we're gonna go back to the eight. But here black would give back material. This is a very typical idea when you defend. We spoke about this giveback material after night D7. For instance, after taking on the seven and digging the seven, we get this rock here. Here it would actually be black, the one attack in, for instance, after window D1, then we take this pond with Chegg. Unblock would be winning basically. That's why here Kasparov played the great movie, rocky30 seven. Again, a forcing move on the opponent's camp. So this is the second rook that Kasparov is offering. In this case, the rook cannot be taken because after Quinn takes you seven, we have a pretty force in line. Windex, D4, kinda B8, Quinta V6 check. And we see that how, what has actually three pieces in the attack, because we have this bishop, which is also looking at the Queensland. We saw this idea when we analyze again in the final activity. But here the main point is that B-sharp rooks are Queens. They can attack from far away. And here, black basically is losing because fossil follicle into B7 is not possible because we'll play like in the game night 06. And after Bishop V7, we have this line 96 forcing check. We're gonna go to C8 because we have the bishop. And after akin to aid, we have Quinto A7 Jack made. That's why here black play them, move kinda B6. Also after King to be aid, we have this line taken on the forum. And if wants to stop this made on I7, first of all, if black days, Iraq, we have the same line width to be six. And after night to D7, we have this idea of taking on the seven. And after taking on the seven, taken into seven, we will basically convert disadvantage in Darwinian position. For instance, after Quinto C8, we still have the Etag going when 35, and the game is going to be over. Very soon. The game continued Kim to be six, and here Casper of glucagon d4. So again, sacrificing more material now as well. He's sacrificing tonight. After Quinto z5, we have Queen takes F6 check. And what is getting material back and attacking, for instance, like cannot take here because we have before and we gain the Queen. And after Quinto D6, then here actually does a very nice move possible that there are moves, but here, what has a very amazing move? Bishop to E6, avoiding the exchange of Queens and keeping the attack grown. For instance, after Qin takes, we have here before, kinda way four. And here came to S3 is very strong. And after vision uptakes, we have this very pretty idea that will happen in the game as well, which is to be a king, to be two. And we want to give checkmate even if we sacrifice the Queen. So we see a lot of sacrifices in this game. That's why this game is pretty extraordinary. For instance, after taken E6, we play Quinn to V3. And we have this very nice checkmate, just being a rock and a queen down. That's why here WE correctly took night. Here Kasparov played before. So as we seek US, policy is following all the principles that we saw. Having more pieces than your opponent or trying to bring more business in the attack than your opponent. Playing forcing moves, we see a lot of forces moves here. And after, before akin to a forest, the only move here because probably they move Queen 2.3.3 with the same idea of given a checkmate. But here, topology actually defended very well. This is what makes this game really extraordinary that we had both a good attack in ideas and good defensive ideas. Here double of D1 day with the bishop. Because, why will have the same idea of given a check rate even if white sacrificing the Queen. But here topology with the queen. The point is that here the Move came to be too would fail because here, like has the move window before and we force the exchange of winds as Y here. As part of Captain Blaine only moves here, have laid a move to A7, planning to take this bone and give checkmate. And here devolve played accurately prayed a move Bishop to B7. If Laplace rook 2D6, then here, why would continue with kin to be two? And here, this idea is not possible because you were just exchanged queens. And we have another nice checkmate here. So we see that the king here is really exposed. And thus more than one way to check making. Does right? Appollo played the great defensive move, Bishop to B7. Caspar octagon B7, actually because black cannot take the rule because Quinta B3 would be checkmate. So tupple of gay bug a bishop just to keep the game going for one more move. But this was very correct. And here, Kabbalah, palladium of Quinta C4. This is probably one of his best chances, and it is very hard to blame him because the move that Kasparov played worry extremely hard to find. Kasparov took on F6. So Caspar is getting material WACC now he is only an exchange it down. But to Apollo's idea was to actually attack himself playing the move Qin takes A3. And again here we see that white really has to play for us in more glucose route to the one checkmate is a thread. So here he took on a six. And after taking on reform, here he played another force remove s3. And here blood tube with the king, taking with the queen would lead to checkmate after Quinn takes me five Ungroup to A7. That's why he took with the king. And again here, what has to be very careful because if y doesn't take MIT black, then black is going to be either a tagging or having a huge material advantage. Here, for example, the move Quinto a3 would be bad because Blackboard we counter Jack just Quinn to B3. We force the exchange of Queens and the game is over. Also a move like Quinto, F6, RUP 34. We see that white has no more checks, are now dislike the one who is going to attack as Y here, Kasparov played the retreated move, by the way, in addition to sacrifices Here we see nice retreating moves, which are not very common. Normally going backwards is not a great strategy, but here, this game is the exception to the rule. Quinto A1 check is a great move. And after kin to the, to. One of the ideas is that the king cannot go back here because here we have the move Quinta B2. And after quintile V3, we have this trick that we force is exchanged and we have, we advantage. And after it kinda D2, we have the move Quinta, we do again, force remove. But here black counted on the move, king to d1. So black doesn't want to go to the file because why would continue tagging would look to E7. But after kin to the one, we have no more tax. So the game seems to be possibly over, possibly winning for black mat here Cass parallel found this amazing move Bishop to have one retreated move. But we see that this queen is overloaded defending making. That's why after Bishop to have one, for example, we cannot take, because we would just break kinda C2. And after kinda one rope, D7 is going to be checkmated. And if the queen moves to C5, for example, we will get this tag made. What wants to give a check on the file or on the.c file. So after going to the file, stopping this Giacconi Do we will have this checkmate on C1. And here w of, as I said, he played for great defensive moves, counter attack in, which is one of the ideas that we saw. Here. He bled him overlook to D2, which is a very interested in dry. Because the idea is that if white takes the queen, then we would take the rock here. And we will exchange pretty much everything going for a Darwish rook ending. Remember that this is a resource when you defend. Sometimes go in for an ending is an idea. But here Kasparov played an arrow, really science-fiction move. Here he played, moving up to the seven. So the rook cannot take the coin because this robot D7 is looking at the King. Thus why after taking white tokens before. And here there's an important detail now, materially deposition is more or less even, but here this broken HATs hanging, everything worked pretty well for Caspar OFF. And here, actually the game is normally over, but tabulae of tried a very interesting idea. He breathed a mook to D3. So rogue against Quinn normally in an ending is lost with bonds, also without bonds. Sometimes there this idea of a fortress that we saw in one activity. But here, black skin is too exposed, so this position is normally winning. But here Kasparov had to play precisely. So after playing a great game, you still have to find our grid moves. Here. Actually taken this point on H7, which might look dumped in to start collecting ponds, would actually lose the game after the mole S3 because we cannot stop this passband. So we still have to be careful till the very end. And here actually, Kasparov played a move, Quinto eight, bringing the Quinn part into play. And after S3, we have remove Quinto A4 and we stop this bond. After kindred one, F4, a five, kinda see one. Rope to D2. Windows seven here doubled resign because luggage loss in either this bond or this bond. So all the bonds are going to start falling and the green is too much for the robot. Also, black cannot take the spawner H2 because we'll have this check and when the rook. So this was a great attacking game, but also we saw a lot of great defensive ideas. And this is one of, as part of best games. And it is also known as Caspar off in modern game. 49. Masterpieces: A Beautiful Queen Sacrifice: All right, so the scheme that I will analyze, it is not as popular as the game that were analyzed by gas. Part of it was played by former world champion Robert Gagne's Fischer, also known as Bobby Fisher under load. This game is probably not one of his most popular games. I'd actually really like this game when I first saw it when I was a kid. And also a fissure here when he played this game, he's 17 years old and he plays a very nice sacrifice at the end of the game. Also in this game, we'll see how attacking, when you're not prepared for it is not a good idea as we saw in the course. So let's get started. Fisheries pain as black against Renelle laterally, who is a top player, who was adopt player from Chile. Let tell you play the movie for, which is our queen Spawn Game. And here black has a lot of replies, alot of possible replies. And here he played the movie night to F6, which normally lead to an Indian system. And after the move s4, here, Fisher play the movie G6 minimas are possible here, E6 is an idea. And after G6, night to S3, here Fisher played the bishop to G7, which leads to the king's Indian defense are the idea was to play the move D5 to start counter attacking the center straight away. And after the movies of the G7, white gets the center. But blacks idea is to counter attack the sender. And here Fisher played up provoking move because here he played the move short castle. D6 is more common to stop this idea that white plate. And after cancelling white Brady move E5, which is not necessarily a good move as we'll see. Play night to F3 would probably lead to D6 lines after we play them off D6. And after E5. Although we attack, we see that y still has a lot of pieces to develop. So this principle of attacking normally works when we have pieces attacking. And here we only have 1 attack. And basically, So after the move Knight to create an F4, keep the center. We see that wider, ready made 5 moves out of six moves are black starts attacking the central straight away with the MOOC DCX. Under game continued Bishop 23. And here actually the move F6, our deck in the center would be very interesting. Feature was also a very ambitious player. He was a World Champion. So he played very sharp moves. Here. He bloody move C5, which gives upon, after the move details 6'5. Black cannot take on S5 because this queen would be taken. But here, Fisher of commonly follow with the move nitrosyl E6. We are attacking the central ponds and we are developing. This is a very important idea in the opening to develop. Sometimes you can give a lot of material, even a piece to develop, to gain development. So here fisher gave 1, but as we see Feature already cancelled, is already developing his VCS. So Fischer has a lot of compensation for the pawn. White took the ball on the six ones. And here, White continued with the movie night to E4, which is a very risky move because white is underdeveloped and is moving another piece twice. Not necessarily about move, but definitely a risky move. Also take it on the six here. After taking on the Sikhs. Let me also mention that here these moves can be plagued. Although we create isolated double bonds. After we take the spot on D6, We are given away the speech of which is normally a good defender. So the dark squares might become a bit weak on black scheme for taking on the six is more natural and we still keep the option of taking on S3. And after they get on the Sikhs basically here, black has a lot of conversation for the pawn. Why still has to Castle? The main bone is at White played agressive moves while having making in the central, not having enough pieces to attack. So that's why here black has a lot of compensation. For example, after the move nine to F3, here we can take on S3 first and then we pay rope to create an already why D7 bronze casting. So like Hazard, great position here. Let me mention here that I think that the best move for why these two give the Pawn back. But to develop playing them overnight we have three. And if instead of taking upon continuous developing wordplay bishop Tutu and tried to castle, I think that this was much safer than what was paid in the game. Because after the move Knight to E4, here, Fisher could've taken on only five, getting the Pawn back and getting a very good position actually. But here, Fisher paid even more aggressively with the bishop to F5 developing an attack in the night. And given another point as we see. And actually I think that white should've taken upon, because when we have a plan, we should be consistent with our plan unless we see something clearly bad. Here. Why pay the mobile nitrogen three that will analyze later. But black got a great position. But I think that he was consistent to take the bond. And here black has many options. Like has good conversation even though black is two pounds down. But at least I didn't see a clear win for black. After taking on the six, we would take on the Sikhs. And if luck plays a move like Guinevere five, we would try to extend Quinn's. Remember when we have a material advantage on our button has Initiative is a resource to defend even if we give material back. But also here black has many ideas like Quinto IE eight, followed by Iraq to the eight F6 attack in white Center. And also even here, black can exchange Queens because light will get 1 back. And after rook to D1. Here black still has compensation because like has a lot of development. For example, after rope to King F2, Rukeyser are normally after Bishop to a3, we would get the spawn back. I'm like has a very good position. But at least I don't see a win for black. Because after the move nitrogen three, Fisher play the move V sub two is six. And finally, white develops a night, which normally is one of the first pieces that you develop in the opening. And here fissure again could have taken any five. Now, even having a better position. But fisher tried to keep queens on the board. And here, actually it is very hard for wider ready. Because after visual to E2, we will take only five and we are planning to take on a four. And if we take here, we see that we are talking this one, this one indirectly. So already White cannot castle quickly. So here, why play the move Quinn to B1? Again, aggressive. The idea is not correct, but it is hard to at least for me to find other alternatives because wide-scale cannot Castle. And the idea is to play aggressively F5 balance. We'll see why doesn't have enough pieces on the attack. That's why here Fisher to 25. And the idea was to play a five, which is a nice idea. But if we're not developed, this idea normally doesn't work. Here. Fisher, continue with the movie e4. Might even hear black could have taken on a five. And after taken and taking night 2D6, we've finally bring this night into play. Although here white has to be shoves, that can sometimes be an advantage in an open position. Plug is much more developed and black is still doing better. Here. Fisher played another interesting idea, the move E4. And here y to 26 after taking only four, then we have this idea of taking on a five. On, after taken under five. We'll play night to F6, and this night cannot be defended by the Queen. This is very precise play by Fisher, who was a very technical layer. And after taking only six black to connect three. And here white token F3, they are not very good alternatives. And here black life has many alternatives. But here black palladium move F5, which is aggressive because we plan to play a form wherein a piece and after F4 by white, stopping that idea, night to F6. Finally, this nitrogen eight is coming into play. And after Beach of T2, e2, fisher, we'd get this bond back and have a much better position. King to have two was played by white, causing short war and change the game a lot because like has the attack. And after taking an E6 rupee one, bringing the other rook. Normally rooks do great on open files. On here follow the vision of two or three defending this bishop. And here followed by a sequence of force it moves. Here, Fisher took 23. In any case, we see that already black is having a much better position. This rook on A1 is really doing nothing. This queen on B1 is also passive. And after taking an A380, taken only three, took the rook. Otherwise, lag is having a huge material advantage. And here followed another force in mobile, which is pretty nice. Queen takes a form. So first of all, we cannot take the Queen because we have this very pretty Jack made. And if white doesn't take the queen, what has been the fundus Bishop, otherwise black would get healed material advantage. So if we play into it too, we have nitrogen for check. And we get the bishop. And after Qin to F2, we have nitrogen for tech, which is forcing. White has to defend the bishop nitrogen three. So we gave two checks and we brought this night here. And after night V5. Basically, the speedup cannot be defended easily. For instance, Quinto H1 is possibly the only way to defend the bishop. But here we will just give another check. King to a two, going to a three, and then we take, and we are talking. In any case, this is not the only variation due when what we see after Queen takes a form is how all black pieces will easily join the attack. The bishop microcell come Sublime has a lot of pieces attacking and wide has the pieces on the coincides, which are doing nothing. So in this game, who had great play by black? White didn't play very well. But I think that how black punished whitespace really instructive. So here white attacked without having enough pieces, without Gosling, without developing. And we see how fisher punish this aggressive blamed by His upon him and ended up having a winner attack himself. 50. Masterpieces: A Monument of Magnificent Precision: In this game, we won't see any very complicated movies or fantastic sacrifices. But let me say that when former world champion casserole Casablanca analyze this game, he called this game a monument of magnificent precision. And he said that this game should be shown as an example of how tests should be played. I think that this game really illustrates this idea of improving your position slowly but surely, and outline your opponent. Whites player is Akiva Rubinstein, who was a great player. In fact, he was a candidate to play our world championship match. But then World War one occurred on this really kind of ruined his career. And as Black we have lector who was another top layer WHO even played a world championship match. So we have two great players here. What I also like about this game is that this is one of those games where it is really hard to find mistakes on the losing side, on black side in this case. So let's get started. What I did before, which is Queensland game and here black reply with the move D5. Other movies such as night to F6 are possible. So here we have a lot of alternatives. And after the five y continue with move nitrogen 39126, S4, E6. This is the main move. Take it RC4 is relative E6, night to S3. And here black continue with the most C5. Again, here we have lots of options, which up to the server is possible. And after C5, white token D5. And here black took on the five with the night. Let me briefly mention a few alternatives. Take it on the four is a bit strange, but can be played untaken on the five with the Po1 is very popular. On here. Normally white plays a more G3 to bring the bishop here to try to attack this isolated porn on the five. For instance, if black takes here, after taken, then here black would have an isolated upon. This is still possible. And here normally black gets active piece play in return for the isolated palm. And after night X.25, black doesn't want to get these isolated porn. But here white can play a move like y4 that was playing the game. And we attack the night. And hear black token S3. After taking on S3, taken, before taking the four, we see that white gets these two points on the center. And here blight play them OB1, OB2 before we develop with check, also possible here was to play them overnight to C6. We're still in the opening, so normally we have many alternatives. And after Beach up to before here white play the bishop to D2, stopping this check. And here black continued the move Quinn 25, which is possibly not the best morph. It is normally better to exchange here and try to keep queens on the board, for example, a castle. And after white develops night to C6. Castle B6 is an idea here to develop the bishop and tried to attack these ponds on the centre. But this is what I like about this game. How wide punished Blacks play, which doesn't look bad at all, because Quinto A5 looks like a logical move. We want to extend your pieces, go in towards an ending. And here white, pay the Murakami one attack. And here, here black to Gandhi do. And one of the ideas is that like cannot play them overnight to C6 developing because here we have this idea of taking them before. And then Quinta b3. And this night is pinned. White gets to PCs, to minor pieces for the rook, which is normally a good deal. And after taking on D2, here, Y2 with the queen, black exchange queens and hear what took with the King, which is correct because the night was well developed. And here we have this idea that the king is in the center. But if the king cannot be attacked than the King is quite active. So it's a great piece there. Here. Black castles on. Okay, if we analyze the position, I think that already White has the nice advantage because white has central poems. White has more development. And here any normal developing move like vision of 23 would be fine. But here what played these very deep move? So this game also have a very, very deep move. Bishop to be 51 of the ideas is to make it hard for black to develop. For example, here developing naturally like night to C6. One of the ideas that white has is to take the night and then play rock to C1, for example, bringing the last piece. And we see that it has more development. And also now black also has a weakness here, like House in isolated bond that we can attack these night may also come to E5 and attack the spawn. So here why it is doing great. And here black continue with the move A6. Let me also mention a few things here that the ICC has upon majority, but Paul majority's. Similarly, if we can exploit this advantage, then it is not useful. Here, black would take really a lot of time to Bush's response. Not to mention that y can attack them easily. So this pawn majority has no value here. Instead of I6 here, like hard to very interesting try which is today the movie night to D7. And the point is that Eve White takes on, we take this bone, then, like has this very interesting Bishop to C6, and we attack the rook and the bond. So black will be doing fine there. And instead of taking the bone, why might try nine to five. But here, black on try Beach of 24. And after rook takes, tried to play F6. And after the Knight moves, let's say to D3, then we'd try again this idea. After 97, white is not forced to take, but I think that it was an interesting try for black. So after Bishop B5, A6 attacks the bishop, and now we'll go back. But as we'll see, these, Eysenck's idea has some disadvantages. Here. Black continue with the group to the eight that we mentioned. A few alternatives here. For example, playing the move Knight to C6 here, why do I even try straight away? A rope to be six. We see that A6 has weakened the square. And also after 1987, y can try A4. And we see that now like doesn't have night to be seeks. So these move A6 is limited in blacks options after the eight white blade, rho gh h to C1. So wide has already all of his buddies active, whereas black only one. So white is doing great here. And after the MOOC B5 here, what is already getting the file for the rock, the open file. So here, white is now planning to attack black spawns. And after 1987, kinda e3, this improves, making a little bit remembered, even if we improve our PCs and we move it one square forward, we are slowly but surely Bruner position. And after night to F6 95 measure up to the seven. Here we get to this point that I really like about this game, that sometimes we have this great positions, but it is really hard to know what to do, how to continue. We have a very nice position. But here, Rubinstein followed this idea of attacking and place a series of very aggressive moves. First, place, they move G4, which already has a threat, which is D5, and then get this bishop. That's why blacks w with the move H6. And hear what continued with the mobile F4, which is, I think very interesting. H4 was possible. But as we'll see, a four is probably more direct. Now we again plan to blade G5. And when a piece and here black continue with a mobility of 28, moving the bishop because here G5 wooden work on account of taking and again attacking this night. And if like in defense that night, then we'd take on F6 and we get this bishop. So again, we get a very nice material advantage after Bishop to create white kept on attacking. And here actually black paid very precisely the movement I to H7, although it doesn't look very nice. This is correct. Let's look at other alternatives. After nitrogen seven, what would already win in one move because nitrates C6 attacks a rook and black doesn't have RUP dissociate because we have this double attack. And after night to age five, we have this other move, rook to have one. Again, we attack. And we see how in basically two or three moves, blacks could position collapsed. This is really interesting to see how if we improve our position slowly, new ideas will come into the game. For instant here there's no way to defend F7 that say that we play F6. Then we take an if block takes with the night, then we have this idea Iraq to D1 of a Dunkin. Let's say after nitrate five, root two is seven. Diagonal upon and if R2P 2D6, which have to do, we see that all of white pieces are participating in the game. And if blood takes with the pawn, then here we have the G1. And we also are tugging here black skin. Night, G6 and ultra taken, we take, we see how we are basically having much Vera pieces. For example, R2P to E8, rope to H6. And this night basically doesn't have any squares. So not night to H7 is the best defending chance. And here, white play the movie h4. Just keeping the structure also possible was the more disease and hear black try these defensive idea to neutralize our opponent species, particularly the most Art give rook. This broken C7 is very annoying. And here, black managed to exchange a pair of Rooks. But after doing that, we see that this point on D4 will come very strong. So here black started looking for countably at any cost, even given material, played them overlook to the a here, for example, trying to get a passport and wouldn't work because why would we foster after D5 taken and taken before and D6? And we see that this point is just too powerful. After rope to the a droop to A7. Basically white has everything but our PCs and even the spawn on a CT is going to fall. So the game now is pretty much over, but let's continue till the end. And after F6 taken, taken nitrogen for, if we're going to attack, we do it. We should do H5, H6, Kindle age eight to defend the night. Here why it played a, a nice trick, Bishop to E2. Black cannot take because nightly F7 would win the rook. And after Bishop to V8, rook takes. So here white has material advantage on better position. So this is pretty much over kindred G7 nitrogen for F5. We'll do a seven into h 89 to five. Now we have a very strong night here. Taking only four. Here, white again, play district, taking on B35. And if the Bishop takes, we have night F7 again. And after night to F6, which uptakes R2P takes. Now here y to prod the king interaction. Kinda G8, kinda G5, and after group to a fade, kinda D6 are now why displaying to play the move rhabdo G7, followed by night to F7, and white is going to get more material advantage. So this was a great game. Maybe not as flashy as other games. But we see how white slowly improved his position. But then how he converted yes, advantage by playing very direct and attack, it moves.