Chess: Learn to Play the Nimzo Indian Defense | Greg Vanderford | Skillshare

Chess: Learn to Play the Nimzo Indian Defense

Greg Vanderford, Knowledge is Power!

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
16 Lessons (2h 6m)
    • 1. Nimzo Indian Defense Promo

      2:28
    • 2. Lesson 1 Nimzo Indian Intro

      4:39
    • 3. Lesson 2 The Saemisch Variation

      8:36
    • 4. Lesson 3 Saemisch Variation with Best Play

      4:56
    • 5. Lesson 4 The Saemisch Variation with Ne4

      6:40
    • 6. Lesson 5 Taking the Initiative From White

      6:34
    • 7. Lesson 6 The Rubenstein Variation

      6:26
    • 8. Lesson 7 The Rubenstein Poisoned Pawn Variation

      7:14
    • 9. Lesson 8 The Rubenstein with Best Play

      11:22
    • 10. Lesson 9 The Gligoric System

      14:59
    • 11. Lesson 10 The Gligoric Variation with Best Play

      6:14
    • 12. Lesson 11 The Kasparov Variation

      7:12
    • 13. Lesson 12 The Kasparov Variation with Best Play

      11:10
    • 14. Lesson 13 The f3 Variation

      11:20
    • 15. Lesson 14 f3 Variation with e4

      13:44
    • 16. Lesson 15 Nimzo Indian Conclusion

      2:04

About This Class

The Nimzo-Indian Defense is a powerful weapon used as black as a response to 1. d4.

This chess opening, first made popular by the legendary Grandmaster Aron Nimzowitsch, has been used by players of all levels for decades and is still a favorite of the top chess Grandmasters in the world due to its very effective results.

By playing aggressively against white's choice of 1. d4 as an opening move, black puts white on the defensive immediately and has many ways to play for a win.

In this course, you will learn:

1. The principles that make this opening so effective for black

2. The specific moves to play for a great position no matter what your opponent does

3. The powerful Rubenstein System

4. The super effective Kasparov Variation

5. The Saemisch Variation

6. The f3 Variation

7. Much More

Join the course and add the Nimzo-Indian Defense to your arsenal of chess weapons!

Transcripts

1. Nimzo Indian Defense Promo: how many this drink ban it for? I have been playing, studying chess, basically my entire life, and luckily enough, I was able to meet some grandmasters over here in Vietnam, where I live, who were willing to train me for not a great deal of money like we might expect to pay back in the States. And so I got several years of training from them, and now my passion is to teach chest to people who, like myself in the past, always wanted to get good. That found it very complex in terms of how to improve. How did you get from knowing how the pieces move and knowing some basic tactics or strategy to becoming a very strong, all around player? And so my course is all about how to help beginners and intermediate players because the next level become very strong advanced. We call them club players, right amateur players that can be other strong chess players. And so a big part of becoming a good chess player is knowing the openings well. And so this course all about learning how to play the names. Oh, Indian defense. It's an opening for Black. As a reply to White's first move playing upon to de four. And it's very dynamic, very, very solid opening that can be used by all style of players as well. Learn in the course. There are variations where you can steer the game towards a very chaotic, hectic sort of attacking game. That's very exciting, has a lot of complex tactics involved. You can also steer the game depending which variation you choose into a more quiet positional struggle and the reasons why you may want to choose either one, and we're gonna learn all about that in this course how to play the best grandmaster moves , depending on what your opponent does, had to get a really solved position no matter what your opponent does. And genitals went all about this awesome opening. It's an old opening. It was first created by Aaron Dim ceviche with a super famous grand master of the past, and it is still used at the highest levels in tournaments right now. And so it's It's a must know opening, especially if you don't have a really good repertoire against a D for your opponent plays that is white and a lot of people don't know it very well. And so when we learn openings that other people don't necessarily know, we're gonna get a big advantage in the game. It would be much easier toe win. So I hope you guys join the course and we'll see you inside. 2. Lesson 1 Nimzo Indian Intro: the names. Oh, Indian defense for Black is a really strong opening. It's really great weapons have in your arsenal against the first move of White D four. It's very flexible. It can be very positional in terms of making the game could closed and a little more passive, giving you time to maneuver, which we're gonna learn about. And it can also be very tactical and aggressive. So it's very flexible and it can cause you're pulling a lot of problems that they aren't very well versed in it. So we're gonna go through some of the most popular lines that are played at all levels of the game in the names Oh Indian. And it's named after Aaron Name Ceviche, who was a famous grandmaster in the 20th century, kind of perfected this opening made it very effective it of high levels of the game. World championship matches a super grand master level tournaments and it is still very, very popular with all the best players in the rules. That's always a good testament. Tail strongly opening is but still really popular, honestly used by the greatest players in the world. Some openings, a really fun to play but they've been abandoned by the top grandmasters that usually matter that much. Breasts were mostly playing chess for fun, and I just want to win against our friends or maybe joints up online tournaments or whatever. But, um, it's going to know that the opening is is used by the best players all the time. You know that's going to be a good one. So basically White Place before we started out with this move Knight to F six on this night F six move. It is really flexible. So we haven't gone to the names. Oh, Indian yet. If we want Teoh after wife, next move, we can't go into the King's Indian defense. The King's Indian opening, and I am going to make a course on that Open as well is also a very, very powerful, effective open with this course. Gonna look at the news of Indian, and I'm sure you guys how to kick. But with this opening is black. So a lot of players as white evidently, um, default like this. They will pull up with C four threes being that this is putting two ponds in the center of the board, they're going to develop this night and then delay casting a little bit and go from there is very solid set of wives. Very common hadn't for them to play. And there are many different ways we can choose a playing, insisted we choose to play G six right away. Then we're going in the King's India. But we're gonna play this movie six, which sets us up for the Ninja Indian. It puts us in a very, very solid formation for black. Very, very strong. It's hard for me to get any kind of attack booing very kind of big advantage going in the beginning of the game. Basically, what we're doing is we're kind of letting them establish their presence in the center and there went to counter attack in the center. So the most common mover white here is to play the night out and then move that we're gonna go with we're gonna look at in this first variation is we're going to put the bishop here on B four is the most common move and for really good reason, it develops our pieces out, as allows us to castle right away if we want to, and we have no weaknesses in our position, and it depends this night. So this is how we're going to start the course. We're gonna look at all the different variations that go from this move Bishop to before we look at when White plays a six and immediately there is a bishop, what we do, if they move out these other ponds of work, they've about the queen on the different, well known variations. What are the best moves to play? What are we trying to accomplish in this? Opening for black is a lot of surprises that we can throw out there against White. If they aren't careful, if they don't really know how to play, they could find themselves in the awkward position and lose the game. Also very early on if they make any mistakes. So, um, we're gonna look at this new Indian defense and hopefully you guys, but end this course will be able to add it to your chess opening repertoire as a very powerful in some ways, surprised because people don't know how to play it very well. It's not one of the very most popular openings at lower levels of the game on the Internet . A lot of people don't know what very well. So I'm hoping that you guys, when you start playing it, you'll get some good results because your opponents will be a little bit unprepared and make some mistakes in your game. 3. Lesson 2 The Saemisch Variation: Okay, so we know what todo when they play Defour without the night they play she or see for we play six. That's what does a couple things. This simple move is moving upon forward. It makes it so we're now guarding these two squares in the center of the board. We can play D five in the future if we want to, and we are letting the bishop get out speaking castle. The news of Indian is very simple, fundamental chest. It's just getting council quickly, having a good basic set up and being flexible. Nothing super fancy the beginning. That's not what we want. So they will have a night out, as we saw in the intro lecture and we will play the Bishop. Now, one of the most common things that people will do is white. Here is the immediately say, I don't like your bishop pitting my night, and I'm gonna go this summer and trade it off. If we move our bishop back here, then we see that they can simply block us and they can trap our bishops. So in this case, obviously we didn't move the bishop out here just to move it back again. It makes no sense were gonna trade this bishop off. Now, a lot of people think this is counterintuitive because if you start learning some of the strategic aspects of chest, you learn that it can usually be an advantage to have the bishop air. Meaning you want to keep both of your bishops on the board because each bishop in control one of the colors of squares. And so once you lose the bishop hair, it can sometimes be a disadvantage. However, there are exceptions to every general rule and chess. And so in this case, we're going to trade off this bishop in order to do a couple of things. First thing we do by taking the night here has Wenger double whites ponds. Now the doubling upon is not always the weekends. That's a big misconception. A lot of chest players before you had much instruction in the game. You think OK, this is ugly. This is a weakness that's not always true in this case, is not really a big weakness. It's basically a trade off. We have traded off the bishop hair in order for white have this potentially depending on how white plays, it's either going to be a weakest or not. Now White has to at least defend this weird pawn formation right here. So it's when you tie down His piece is somewhat, however, he is going to get the potential advantage of the bishop air. So for White, they want to make the full use of their bishops. They want to make sure they activate these bishops. Since we don't have a dark scored bishop, that's what what's gonna try to do. We are going to focus on these poems here. That's when the great things about the names of itch defense is that we have a very clear objective chest when you a very clear objective in this case, focusing on it clear, weakest for turning this into a clear weakness and makes us so that we can make fast moves that were playing blitz for examples of really good opening for blitz because you know exactly what we want to accomplish. And the opponent has to think a lot. They're the ones who were on the back foot, even though technically this position is totally equal right now, we haven't gained anything. We are making it so White's gonna have to defend these ponds and we're going to be able to attack these pumps. Or psychologically, this is a easier position to play for Black. That's a big factor in chest psychology is really important, especially when you're playing Blitz and you're having to take quite a lot of time to make your moves. So this is an easy opening to play and it allows, or clarity and quick movements. Okay, so we trade off a piece. Now what we do, we can go ahead. And this castle was a nice, solid thing to do. But since we've created this little weakness here, we want Teoh immediately go to guns on it as it were to use a top gun phrase who wanna immediately start to pressure. It's so white has to react to us and says we have no danger, though threat here at all, we can delay castling. It's fine. I only want to a castle early and often, as the old saying goes in this case, we're gonna immediately put pressure on this possible Dio is we're gonna play the six by playing the six. We're gonna get our bishop out here to a five and we're gonna aim at this Palm Why is going to have to defend it if it doesn't want to lose upon? And if White doesn't defend well and ends up losing this part, we're gonna get a pretty good advantage in this game going to a strong ending or just have the material lead, which is always going to have one on. And chess is actually often enough to win the game on. But it also helps once you get up upon psychologically. Maybe you could try to try to win a little bit more material and get a decisive advantage. So each part is really important. And chest, actually, you don't want to be just drop in policy, will it? Really? Okay, so we're gonna focus on this part and why is going to have to defend now? There's lots different things if I can do. But the first thing that you do, if they decided to play this opening, is they need to worry about getting castled and getting safe because their kings like a little bit exposed potentially right here. We're going to bring in our pieces out one thing that a lower level player might do here is something like but their bishop here and put a pin on this night. We're not really worried about this in the situation at all. There's no way to attack this night and put pressure on him. We're gonna discontinue with our plan if they go ahead and do that and we're going to take a vision about where we focus on this part, this is actually a wasted move for them. If they go ahead and treat this lightly, that's fine. They just gave us the Bishop hair back. So they lost the advantage, the Bishop air. And now we have our pieces on my squares and they have it. That's that would not be a very good thing for Black for white to do on DSO. It's not a very good move along who might make them think hot. Think this pain here on the Queen. It's not an issue for us all. Just don't worry about that. However, if you want to do something, you do a few moves later. Depending on how the game goes out, we can go ahead and his wife spent listening, we can go ahead and for the question to the bishop doesn't work and make it back up. And usually we don't really want to set up our palms this way. It makes so we don't want Castle is waiting. Animal weakness and some white. I think this is good, but in this case, we can go ahead and castle on. And focus is continually focus on our plan of attacking his pone. It's actually fine this particular position. This is nothing to worry about. How we're gonna look at that point yet. Where is gonna ignore that piece for now? And we're just going Teoh assume, for example, that the night comes out three. We're going continue our plan of attack in response. What we're gonna do is we're gonna take our night out, and then we're gonna move our night over to a five, and we're gonna put two pieces on this pond. He's either gonna have toe, move the pawn down and really create a weakness here. Or he's gonna have to hold his piece of down to defend it, giving us a nice little advantage in the games. Now we're focusing on this and he's seeing that and so a terrible thing that what we do here is is playing is pawn out. Maybe might play it to before, um, right here. I can't do that right now because basically, we can force them to trade. To do that, we enforcement, trade his peace and now our positions looking really good. And there was issues looking kind of kind of week. I mean, they don't want to push these palms forward. This achieves nothing. I gave my queen to somewhere better. I mean, there's nothing that there really gaining from doing this. You notice that white is undeveloped, their king is in the middle. And while our king is the middle look at Weaken Castle. Either way, as we choose, our pieces are more developed. This is not a good position for White, so don't worry about that move. Okay, so they go their way. You have to worry about this pond coming down here now, because this night is pinned and because of that, we don't want this pon it down. So there's a couple things you could do if they decide to play this way, we can put this part up here and defend. But the best thing to do in this case is simply puts plan out and then forced into trade or force him back. In this case, it's fine. Once we move this piece out, we're going to Castle Long. And then this pawn structure watching too good for us to attack in the center. And we would simply going this and attack this party of two Attackers on it. And this is going to be putting pressure on him. He's going to be tied down, so we'll leave it there for this lecture. So don't run too long, and we will continue from this position in the next lesson. 4. Lesson 3 Saemisch Variation with Best Play: so to pick up or we left off last time. We are attacking this pawn on C for White House. Do something about it now, if why it besides that you simply moved upon down. This is the work because we can trade off bishops and you got to take back the king or the RUC who's in the ability to castle. And in this case, it would be almost suicide over white to try to Castle Law says the poems on where the arts wide open. So this would be a pretty big advantage for Black were able trade off this bishop for whites official like that. And remember, we already give them the potential advantage of having the bishop paired. So it makes no sense at all for White to do that. So basically, he only has a couple options in order to defend this bombing. One of them, yes. He could move his night to defend it by playing here to E five, which is not a good square triggers. Make a move it, or he could go back and defend it with his night here, which is probably gonna have to do anyway. If you see we're putting you on the back foot. He's having to be defensive. Has already moved at night. It makes less sense from the movie twice just defense part. So what, Mostly Will Dio is probably the best move is the Louvre Queen aliveness And this is a couple things one, It pins this pond right here. It also attacks the bishops today If I do move the night and take it This bishop was undefended And so this is pretty much the best move for White in this position and they're defending Fine, everything's OK, but just noticed that the king is out in the open. They are having to defend this square and we have one putting the pressure on. So we traded off the bishop pair in order to have some pressure in order to be the aggressor in orderto have a nicer, easier position to play. So this is what we want in chess. You want to get out of the opening a better position, something that is easy to play something where we are the ones we're pushing the action and something that makes the opponent had to be very careful if spend a lot of time thinking about the moves and to calculate mawr than we do. And again, this is very, very useful when you're playing a lot of blitz because taking time, you know, it's really important to some someone to use wind on time. And so we are going Teoh attack this part. No notice, though. If he does play this clean out to here, I want to write about this. This pond is hanging. We could actually just simply take this e four part right here, and so that would be a disaster. Actually, that would just be a huge Every terrible was upon right, So we actually can put the queen out right here. He would have to do something first, like Play E five and make our night move first. Or he would have to do what I suggested before and move this night back, which would defend full pieces. It's very passive spot for that night to be so. Either way, we like our position better than their position. He's having to make these trade offs and these choices of how should I best friend this where are pieces are flowing together quite nicely now, just in case you're wondering what we do if he goes here. We have a couple fine choices and you got to remember in chess is not always a bad thing to have to move your piece back because this is not a very strong place for this point of view blocking in his bishop. So this bishop is kind of a week peace now. It allows us to simply move the night somewhere like here, turning to take that bishop and taking away their van to the bishop hair and also threatening this pawn here that the queen will have to defend So he doesn't really want to move that pot once picked up on and said, This is actually a reason why earlier on in this opening it would have been better for White to play e three, which is what the stronger players will often do. It's a better Paul information in this open and placenta playing e four, which seems like it's gonna be good because we got this potential night pin. They think this is this is a good move, because if they go there, you can't take it right, because they would be able to take our queen and we can't move the night and this pond was coming if they think it's good, but they don't understand that in this particular case, by going here with upon and by keeping the pin going, which is usually a smart thing to do, we can go ahead and play this move, push them back. And now we can castle long. We can do a lot of things, and it just doesn't quite work for them. Uh, so it's actually better for white, right here to play e three, and they don't have this problem case. That's something. No words. When you see them play before, you should be happy, you should rejoice. 5. Lesson 4 The Saemisch Variation with Ne4: Okay, so we see that playing the four is actually not a strong move for White. It allows our night to eventually win upon or gaining a position. So we're going to look at a better room. That light could play, which is the play there on Tau E three and go from this position. So we're still looking at taking this C four pawn are putting pressure on this c four pawn and so white has moved their Peace e three, which is a better move than the four like we played before. We definitely wanted looking at one of the best news that our opponent play and playing against those one way playing. We call whole chess, hoping to make mistakes stuff. We want to look at their best moves in what we do against the vestments. Also, the most common moves, the one that you're gonna see when you're playing in the area all the time that most average players or pretty strong players are gonna be playing. It's a lot of moves in chess, they look like logical choices. It looked like strong moves, but it turns out that there are much better moves and more we know the easier we got better moves and more that we can learn to kind of ignore some of the erroneous thinking that often happens in chess play. Chess is That is a really complicated game in the sense that there's lots of general rules of thumb that helped guide your play. But every situation is unique, and every situation is different. It lots of times where you can kind of ignore the general rules. Like in this case, we traded off our bishop here immediately in order to get this weakness. And now we have a good game because of that one pretty small thing, even though it goes against know conventions of having the bishop pair. So it's a good example how having more chest knowledge than your own. It gives you a slightly better position than them right out of engage. Okay, so we're gonna do here is we're gonna continue their plants. So when Lehman could, you know, as a side is, we could move this night from F six to be four, targeting this bishop, basically guaranteeing the fact that we can trade it off because he will be forced to defend this part So if you noticed by playing this move now he is having to defend Bull this C four pond and this sea to bone. Now he can effectively do it by playing Queen Toc to both. These things are defended, but we want to hear we can trade off this bishop. And now he doesn't have the bishop anymore. He's got to double ponds, so noticed things were going our way. This position. Okay, so again, we have this nice move here. We can play. We've got a lot of options that we can do, but we're not gonna get sidetracked with that right now. We're not gonna worry too much about this, Bishop. We're gonna focus on our whole make all of our moves to be accorded effort to achieving our ghost. We're gonna do actual before we go into this knight to a four, basically forcing him to play Queen a four, which is looked at as being the best food. So this part is defendant, but his queen and his bishop, and this clean is is in a good spot here, actually for white. But again, he's the one having to be really careful that he doesn't make any mistakes. We are not really in a situation where we have to be super Ehlert. Word is trying to increase our pressure and maintain the pressure. So this point is a couple things that we could do that logical. One of them is a sip it all up. What? I already mentioned and play this night to the center here and look at taking away his bishop hair and threatening this pond. Okay? It's not a very comfortable position for him to be in. I mean, once we go here, what are his options? I mean, the only way this keep this pond basically is for these route to come out. There's no other way to defend Bull this pawn and to defend this part. Right now, we have two Attackers on us with the queen. Can't go here is a nice guy, and a queen can go back and defend this pond, but he's gonna have to lose one of the pot. So he's got choices to make you. He can be aggressive and do something like move this bishop out and target our Brooke. But in this case, it doesn't work because since I'm nice, right here we can play this pawn here. We can block. It is testable back. It doesn't do anything and he's put himself into a rough spot. This is very difficult to defend. So if he goes ahead and moved his rook here, everything is okay. And for now, But the pressure is building a lot of pressure on why it's position and he hasn't castle yet, and that is very dangerous. He's gonna need to do something about that. But for now he's maintaining. Everything is being held together and okay again if we want to have the choice of trade office night for the Bishop. But we don't want to be in a rush to trade off pieces. We are the aggressor, and with one applying pressure and chess, we generally don't want to trade. You are the one that are under pressure and you're defending. It helps you to trade because you ever leaving the pressure by getting the pieces off the board. We want to keep all of our attacking pieces in place, even though we can gain back the so called advantage or not having a disadvantage of not having the bishop pair by taking this bishop right here this night is almost active piece. He's right in the center of the board. He's putting pressure on this pawn here and holding this rook down. And so we don't want to trade on Best piece for this. Bishop's bishops hardly do anything in a while. It's actually one of life's most well placed and acted pieces. Um, as well. This is a stronger piece. So whenever you're making trades and chest you want to be looking at at, what do you getting and what are you giving up? There's no logical reason to give up our most active piece or whines less active piece. We don't want to make that trade, and we would have focused on keeping whites pieces pin Now. Notice is exactly what done He's having to defend all of these ponds. All this pieces of tied down. He really has no options in terms of how he can be aggressive encounter strike because he's in a sort of a tenuous position and, of course, is what we want. So the next lesson we will continue from here 6. Lesson 5 Taking the Initiative From White: So now why is really feeling the pressure? They're feeling the heat they're defending now. How do we maintain the pressure? So one thing we could do is get striking the center with this black pawn to, uh, d five. But notice the queen right now has a little pin on our king. So we're going to kind of a weird maneuver that Ah, Spanish Grandmaster remembers the anymore he figured out, which is that we're gonna move this queen out. We're moving over and up here. We're gonna put our queen on C six, even though it's gonna take us a few moves to do that. It's something that we have time to do because white pieces are pinned down. He's only trying to use that time to kind of get free and right. Try to use that time to extend our pressure and by extending on pressure about who this queen were also allowing ourselves to Castle Law. So there's two ways we can do. This One is to play East seven and then play over here with the Queen two d six. But since the bishops there, we can really do that. So what we're gonna do is we're gonna put a lien on C. One is, it's got kind of a weird move, but this has been seen as, ah, Grandmaster strength move. Because since we're in a position where we have the time, we can take time to manoeuvre pieces around or simply maintaining the pressure on this part again, here's one with a pawn forward and trade off this bishop, That would be bad. We would have a big advantage in the game by him losing the ability castle and the trading off his good piece. This is a strong bishop, actually, this white fish, even though right now it's not doing much notice that the bishop that is on the opposite color square from most of your ponds. That is usually your good bishop, because more maneuverable. And so, since his ponds chain right here is on the dark squares, then that means that this white bishop this is good, Bishop. It's more the new such as the nice rule thumbs to know about the bishops. So we're gonna move queen over. He thinks everything's fine now. He's smart. He's gonna want to get Castle. He didn't want to get this night out of the way so he could move his bishop out either to eat you or you can put it Teoh d three and put a little bit of a threat on our night. He really doesn't want to do that. Well, this trade off, if he puts his bishop on e three or D three. Excuse me, we can either just take this night and take this bishop right here and take that tradeoff. Or we can move this night down here two d six, allowing him to trade off the night for the bishop this way. And that actually might be better. For example, if he goes here and with night back. Now, we have three pieces threatening this pawn and either asked moves night back to defend it, making him even more passenger before or say, You know what? I don't like this night. Pressure is on him or I'm just gonna take it. But notices We moved our queen over here. This actually allows us to take back and now threatened upon with three pieces to clean the night and the bishop and now his on leeway to maintain that on is to move this night back to D two, and I was using three of his pieces to defend this pawn. And the bishop is now pin. So we have a lot of good options here, and we have a really good game. We have a better game than he does notice up is is pretty good. We haven't. Castle was we haven't needed to. And we have all the pressure that we need, so that would be fine. Okay, so it probably would be better for white. Simply play Bishop to you to hear and get castled. And don't worry about getting this guy out of there for now. It won't help him because we have a good he wants to Castle, and we're gonna continue with our clean maneuver. We're gonna put him on the seven, and then we're gonna put him on to C six and attack this pawn one more time. The only thing we worry about we carry out this plan is that if we put him on, uh, C six next, he can move this night down to e five and he can attack are clean. So you want to do a little bit of preparation before we simply put our queen there. You can make our queen with back. We don't want to do that. Also, we put a queen here right now. He can trade off cleans. But I'll be fine because if he trains off, cleans with us, he is the one left with the weakest. We will have a better end, so it's not something that we need to worry about. Also, we can delay this weaken castle first, and that would allow this pawn to be free. We have a lot of options out as we say this position, we have a lot of things that we can do. We have a lot of decisions that we can make, and White is reacting to us. So we're simply going to continue with our plan. He's gonna be relieved to finally be Castle, and now it looks like White is kind of out of the woods. It looks like he's safe, but we're still in the lead here. We're gonna go ahead and castle as well here. This will allow, have some counter play, he can move his night down. But there's nothing that read really need to worry about. If he does, that was simply could move this. I mean, his night can't really do anything. We just have to be a little bit careful and now is nice. Kind of like a no man's land. Look, he's trapped stuff. He can't get out and there's no where he can go. So we're not worried about that night at all. Just make sure that you always calculate what your opponent can do if we do that move. So that wouldn't be very good move for him to make. So we can just go ahead and Castle. We're not worried about that. Night moves now is playing chess. He's going to continue to defend this pawn, and we're basically we're going in the middle game Now. We have left the opening and we're going into the middle game. So we have this nice advantage. We got this nice, clear goal of what we trying to accomplish. We're going to be attacking this pond, and he's going to be trying to defend it, So this is great for us. So we call this a successful opening or Black. We have the initiative why it starts out with the initiative and black looks to take the initiative away from white, and we have done that successfully. So now we're gonna turn our attention to a different variation and see, how can we get an advantage over White if they choose to play something else? 7. Lesson 6 The Rubenstein Variation: for the last several lessons. We looked at the very popular sandwich variation. When White immediately plays a three and forces up the trade off our mission, we see how it's pretty easy for Black to get a very comfortable position and take the niche doing is white. In that case, they make the mistake of thinking that they're gonna force Black Trade Office Bishop in Game the Bishop pair and I'm gonna put themselves into it. Offered was not the best way to play. So we're gonna do instead. This time is we are going to make an adjustment and we're still gonna go to the news. Oh, Indian, of course. But after Black plays the bishop to be four often times stronger, white players go integration that we calling Rubinstein variation and not to the grandmaster at one time will champion contender of Gun Master Rubenstein. And so, basically, instead of having to deal with this double pawn situation that caused White so much grief in the last position, he's simply going to play queen to see to. And then if we decide to take the night, he takes back with Queen and he's moved the queen a couple times, but he has maintained the integrity of his pond structure. Everything is fine. So we don't want to give him a lot of time here to get everything set up him boobies queen there if we would, if given the chance to move upon now we trade. And then everything is fine. So we're gonna be aggressive. This opening S o p. Plays revision creation. We're going to immediately play d five really d five threatened of this pond. We're putting our on in the center and we also have the option of playing night Teoh e four next coming. We can't do that quite yet because the night because the queen could just take our night. But after we played d five, we have a threat of playing Knight to e four and putting pressure on this night cause he's picked and they will be forced to play three. Okay. And if he chooses here to say fine, I take your pond and then we trade on the center. This is a really good position for us. We opened up this diagonal for our lightsquared Bishop to have mobility and come out the night is pin, we can move our night to before here and put pressure here potentially queen out pressure on F two. And once again we are in the driver's seat and White is reacting to blacks. Moves as one emphasize once more that this is very, very good. And blitz where white is having a think. Okay, what I do here, everybody a long time control game. We each have, like, an hour make your moves. Well, then White should be able to navigate this opening and get a good position without making too many mistakes. If they're very careful, but in blips, it gives you even more of an advantage. Unusual because they're forced quickly and they can very easily make a miscalculation or make a mistake. So in this case, if they simply trade this poem right here, we have a nice position and he could immediately put the question to our bishop now And we can choose either take the night or back up and force him to do this move and we could put our disappear. Now we're threatening this pawn. He can go there, and it looks like why? It's probably okay. It's no, we want to get out of the position. Okay, So if we take this pawn and he put the question to our bishop of meat like this, we're gonna go ahead and we're gonna continue to take the pop. Think the night. We're still gonna trade off the bishop here. But notice when he takes back with clean, even though it doesn't have any double ponds like we saw last time. He's moved his queen two times. And we have this nice situation where we're already ready to Castle. We want to We can get a temple once queen by moving the night here to e four and make his queen move and her night and a really nice, uh, position. And we can move this Bish about two F five if we want to. We have a lot of optionality and we have gained the initiative. Your few moves. We have gained the initiative against White. This is not what White wants. White had the first move in the game, and so therefore they have a slight advantage. They want to maintain that so your opponent doesn't know had a plane, and Enzo, they're gonna find themselves with inferior position. And so the small air that they made in this case was after we played d five, they decided to we played d five. They decided to take it, and that allowed us to have a nice, comfortable flowing position. So actually, they would be better to not take on d five and to play a three immediately if they do so now, again, we're basically forced to take the night and they're clean can take back. And this is slightly better for White in the last position. But they still had to move their queen twice. We still have this nice night move. We can make here, make a queen move 1/3 time, and we still have a lot of really good options and things that we can do in this position. So, for for white, it's slightly better for them to simply not take on d five and be passive. Force us to train off that that bishop. But again, have you noticed we've got a better position? And white, we have this pawn in the center. We have night and center. We are ready to Castle White has not Castle. And even though we can't take this pawn and this bishop can freely move out like it did in the last situation where we saw this pond trade. We have a better position than White goes because they had a waist moves to keep the structure of their ponds intact. However, they do have the bishop here. So that's the trade. We got some stuff and they got some stuff and they're gonna trying to activate their bishops that they're a good player as quickly as possible. And we are going to try to fight against that. So we'll go from here in the next lesson. 8. Lesson 7 The Rubenstein Poisoned Pawn Variation: in this lesson, we're going to continue to look at the Rubinstein variation and see how it game made play out in a few different scenarios. A few different move variations. So the very end of the last lives and I said, We can play this night moved before making the queen who begin if we want to. But we can also something very simple, which is to just castle. This is almost always a good thing to dio by castling, we get our king safe and white. As far from casting, these will have to move out multiple pieces over the castle and the reason being that they had to make those queen again and white is impatient, and they decide to trade this pawn in the center. That helps us by opening up our vision. They want to keep our bishop blocked in here. So that is something that if they were smart, they would leave as is. However, we can fight against that by orchestrating our faces to make a push in the Senate. That's what Black will try to do. We will try to use our slight lead and development by having already been castle and by having already got our pieces out of me. Their queen move to get a better stronghold in the center. So that's what we are going to now try to do. White is going to need the castle, since so a normal thing for white to do here. We either take a night out immediately. Remove this pawn up and get the bishop out. They can choose. Do either one worsening. It would be very conventional movie night out, developmental move. And then we're going to the same because we're gonna put our night here on C six and then we're going to get ready to at some point, play this pawn to E five here and release our bishop and push into the center. Okay? Notice. Also, the white does have the option of putting their bishop here on G five and making this pin, which would be a little bit awkward for us now. So if we want to in this particular case, if they choose to play night here, it may be wise for us to play h six played six immediately. That takes away the concern of this pin coming down. And it's a movie called prophylactic, So it's probably a good thing for us to do. But remember, we do still have this night to be four. Move, threatening the queen. So there's a lot of calculating that has to be done here. So, for example, let's say that why immediately plays pen. We allow him to do this. We have to calculate, since we have this member here, What if we overnight here? We let him take her queen. We take his queen, takes our night, though, and we trade his bishop. You got calculate all of these potentialities in chess and it looks like we end up with a better position here because now he has the double ponds and we have a nice opening. We've already castle if he decides now to undergo the ponds by taking here, okay, no longer have doubled pawns, But our bishop can get out and he's got to defend this hanging upon So once again, we have an edge. Are pieces are flowing better and we have more mobility. So this is a slight advantage for black. So we don't fear these moves. We don't fear this painting. We just calculate if he goes there. What do we do? Okay, we go here now, you can also calculate. Well, what if we go here and he elects not to take this bishop? He just moves his queen. So, for example, let's say he wants to defend this. Bishop. Yes. The defendant's bishop Enough is being attacked. But see, he can't defend it. Because if he moves Greenback saying, defends. The bishop were attacking it with both the queen and the night. So it forces him to take our queen. Once we move the night here, he must take our queen. He must take it. And so we get the we move this variation that we showed its forced. Okay, so we go back, we're not going to worry about. This. Pin was not a very good so we're just gonna go ahead and assuming he puts a night is a better move. We play our night out not worried about, and he's gonna at some point need to get this Bishop's Castle's. We'll see plays here. We may choose at this stage. Teoh play this night to e four and gain a temple on his queen making. Move it and get our queen out. You have to do some some calculating on each different variation. But a better principle thing to do in chess is to keep focused on one plan. In the shame, say much variation we saw the plan was to attack upon and tight of pieces down in this variation. We just want to get a really strong centers. We're gonna play everything as if we want to move this pond, which is gonna release our bishop. And we want to push on and said so this case, we're gonna look over and we get ready because this pawn for now, we push spawn for right now it's too early because he is the night and this pond and this please. You got three pieces that are attacking it. So this is why at one point we're gonna we're gonna attack like me to make a move. So say, for example, he does something that's normal. He gets his dish about, he prepares the castle. Now we have to make his queen So it doesn't matter where a screen goes normally has been on his back up Go to see two, which is a national place for the queen And now, as a couple things we could do. We could immediately play E five, letting our vision come out. If he trades, we trade. And every time you see a trade like this in the center, it's gonna have a huge impact on the rest of the game and seemingly calculated very carefully. What if all these pieces get traded off? How is the position going to look in this case? What you see is that black is going to have his peace in the center. Our bishop was going to be able to get out. And even though we don't wanna spend the whole time in this lesson looking at every single variation because it would take a really long time we can see that blacks pieces of ordinated white is gonna have to spend a move the castle. Let's say his dark scored bishop is gonna blocked in and his pieces are not coming out very easily. Yes, he does. Have I guess in this last move we have to look at, he could take this pond right here. Something went to look at. But we have a lot of potential things that we can do here that are very dangerous. I mean, just looking at a few things, getting this out, thinking about tactics. In this case, it appears we have trapped his queen Catic spawned because the queen's got it. You can't move over here to a five because the queen can take it there. Can't take our rookie. Do you have to lose his queen and you can't back up. He also can take this route because here. So actually, that was a poison pawn. So that's what you gotta calculate carefully. In this case, he had the castle. You would have taken his poison pawn. We would be able to trap his queen, so he needed to castle here. And there's a lot of stuff going on this open right now, so we're gonna leave it there and continue from this position in the next lesson. 9. Lesson 8 The Rubenstein with Best Play: So we looked at what was going to happen and what would happen if we made this move. E five would push forward on E five and then they captured and we had a big trader who saw that we would end up with a better position than White. Of course, White does not need to take up on and strong chest players often recognized that trade will not benefit them, and they will leave things as they are all the time. The strongest moving chess is to do nothing and let the tension hold. As we say, Don't relieve the tension and continue to develop your pieces and make it. That's often times the best thing to do. In this case for white. We see that that is the case, however, is a couple who want to know. Firstly, we do want to know if there are any in between moves or not. For example, the calculation last time was that was okay. Takes we take, take, take everything, its trade off. But of course we don't to treat up everything they can take, weaken, take and then they can look for some move in between. That would be better. For example, maybe they want to take this pawn. And then what happens if we take back with Queen? They had. Do they have any dangerous conceding to copy it all that we don't have time. And it's less than chocolate, every single possible combination, because chess is complex and it would just take too long. So the key idea here is to know that you have to calculate very, very carefully and you have to look at every possible very Asian. But whenever you have, this big potential is usually happens. We have a potential on city, like in the middle right here. It is very, very important that you spend the necessary time to think about this move because going to have a huge outcome on the rest of the game. Pond moves in the center. The board are very, very important. They will change the structure of the position they can lead to all different kinds of outcomes. And you don't want to make any assumptions like Okay, what? This is gonna be trade pieces of not losing or gaining and material that was Do it. You want to think carefully. Is this something you want to do so for White. We saw the best thing to do is to not capture this pond. And then So what? What should they do that? So the best decision for them, probably without doing a really long calculation, is a simple, fundamental chefs. Everything is fine. Is this night kind of annoying right here? But we don't want to take this pond. We're gonna leave it as it is, and then we don't think upon. That's okay. What if we don't take it into the pond, captures here that it would actually help White? Because it's a, for example, White castles. And then we take now, as we saw before, White can take back right here and released this bishop so this would help White structure . So black doesn't want Teoh. Both sides haven't in their best interest to leave the pond structure as it is for now. And so the best move for white is probably simply just a castle. And now they're safe and continue to develop your pieces when you're playing really good strategic chess, Oftentimes you're making fundamental moves. You're waiting for an opportunity. You're waiting for an appointed to make a mistake. You're trying Teoh continue to avoid weaknesses in your position and have a long term plan and a long term plan oftentimes. And chest is simply to have a strong center and make sure you have a good position in the sector of the board. This is a classic old type of a position. The new Indian. You get to play a very strategic chest. That's one. The reasons why did you come a stronger chess player. It's a really fun opening to play because you don't want to play in a lot of really tactical, crazy, chaotic games, usually because it gives your own a lot of opportunities to win material from tactics. And basically it increases the odds that a weaker player can beat you. Um, and it basically increases the luck factor in the game. But when the position is more closed, Mawr passive and more strategic like this one is without tons and tons of tactics and fireworks going on Then, usually the stronger player with better chest knowledge is gonna have a huge advantage because you make better decisions and your opponent will likely make a mistake. They don't understand the position as well. They'll make a bad trade or they will make a weakest position. We can focus on that weakness. It's a white, probably here. We'll just choose to castle that would be the best move for them and continue to develop their pieces. And we already learned that we don't really want to make a trade here, either. Through the leave, things as they are, used to be really careful to calculate. What if we leave these ponds here? White takes, We take, we take. It's it's a little bit dangerous. For example, if you look here, we leave this pond. Let's say we do something like, uh, movies bitch about. Let's say we set up a potential tactic right here, which is a good theoretical move. We are now threatening to do discovered attack on the Queen, for example. We move his nine from the floor here to G three. We get attacked queen, even though that night could be captured. It's defending the bishop. The queen can't take the bishop, so knight to G three is now threat here. So this position is quickly becoming very complicated, and one of the reasons is because we lefties ponds in the center and each side has to calculate on each move whether or not it is now a good time to take one of these pumps. Okay, so if you calculate each one of those things again, we're not gonna go through each possible scenario because it will turn into 30 or 40 different variations. You need to calculate yourself very, very carefully. And so one of the points here is that when you're managing the clock and you're playing chess, especially those blitz jets that have been mentioning throughout the courts. But you're playing a long time control, like an hour long, uh, on our side in the match. Then when you get to this end of the the opening phase into the middle game, basically there are times in the game where you will want to spend a lot more time on your moves. So maybe during the opening part of the reason we learn opening so well, like part of the reason you're taking this course is if you know them really well, you can make your moves very quickly and know that you're making strongest possible moves with a little bit of time, a small amount of time expenditure and the reason we do that is so what comes a more critical parts of the game, like right now in the middle game, when you have all these potential trades that will, In large part, it's Germany outcome of a match. You want to be able to slow down and think very, very carefully. So that's how we manage the clock. We might spend 20 or 30 minutes, even an extreme case. One move because it's so important. And there are so many calculations that you need to make some you want to be a strong chess player. There's no way around having really calculate as hard can sometimes and see which move is going to be best here. This is kind of a dangerous, um, move here. So you, But White can reply. I do something like this. If you could put this night here the queen's guardian so we can't do that. But that would be something would want to do. Threaten that bishop Right now, he really can't. So it's not much he can do about it. One thing White could do here is simply defend. Try to trade off because this night is black night is a thorn in white side in this position. By moving the night back, you threaten to trade it off and you also can threaten to move his pawn out and make him move back. And if we decide to trade here is black and take this night, then the queen, you move out of danger and take the night back, or the Queen can capture the bishop in office. The night has moved. However, we can't for the bishop. On this night. Take the RUK and White was in tears. We simply we're going this well between out of danger take the night. And now this has helped White because we traded off our strongest piece so strategically that would have been a bad decision for black and a good thing for white. Even the white pieces are not yet or new. I only have to do is move plans bishop out and things will be coming together. I was still rather be black in this position because we have a slight initiative. Still do our pieces being more active. But if you notice your white has the bishop pair and we're not really gonna be able to, uh do much to take advantage of this slight lead in development in this case. So that is a good example of not treating off your strong piece. In this case, if White did make us move, the best thing to do would be Actually, we have a tactic here. You can go Knight to G three. The discovery that I already mentioned. We get tactic. Queen Green can't take the bishop because the night will take the queen. We have to move. And now our night can capture this Brooke and we win. In exchange, for example, being was here something we take the brook and now we one material and we will probably win this game. We have a leader material and leave in development. So those kind of things you look for this move, Bishop too fine is actually really dangerous. Move. And so the best thing for White to do once his bishop half goes here not be to move the night back, it would be simply to move his queen somewhere safe. Um, for example, may be simply go somewhere like p three or even hey for to be a logical thing to do as long as there are no threats. But White is reacting to us. We have a better game or night is still this dominant position and this bishop hasn't moved out. He knows all of our pieces air out and the black or the white rugs have not been connected . And the dark scored Bishop has not done so. We have maintained the initiative throughout this opening, and that is what we want to get for black. When you take the initiative, wave away from white, get a better position that we have succeeded in the open. So the Nim's own Indian gives us lots of different ways and want to do that. And there are a lot of pitfalls for white. We don't know how to play the opening very well. So this is just an example of how the room misting variation attempting to not allow the ponds to be doubled here on C three by making this queen move out to sea to they maintain their pawn structure, but then move their queen at the tide of pieces down. Okay, So the key idea here in this variation is that we want to play this move upon to defied immediately immediately. Want to go straight to the center? If they take it, we take back and we believe start Bishop and are opening. Pieces are moving out of flowing nicely if they threaten our bishop. Of course, we know this Bishop is basically gonna be traded off, no matter what the news of India. Take their night or screen take back. And now the queen has moved twice and they're lacking in development. They haven't castled and we have moved. Both are minor pieces between our king and a rook ready to castle. Our pond structure is really good, and we're gonna get a really good game. We're not gonna get some sort of early checkmate or winning much of material unless white wonders or something, Of course. But we're going to have a much easier position to play. And sometimes chest, especially blitz. That's all one 10. Lesson 9 The Gligoric System: Now we want to look at another popular variation that is often played by White, called the Liga Rick system. Good work was a really famous grandmaster in early 20th century, and so there are several opening variations named after him. And he was a sort of a pioneer in chefs. Is a really popular blogger system in the Spanish opening that uhm I'm going to do in my next chest course all about this Spanish, and he was a very, very influential figure in chest. And so if we have the regular first few moves in the opening, going to the gym until that moving now, after we played this bishop, if they elect neither to play the Rubenstein but moving the Queen Issy to or immediately challenging the bishop a lot of times White will simply ignore that. We put this here and they'll say, Well, I'm just gonna keep developing, which is a totally reasonable thing to do, is there's no reason to force this trade. If there's no threat on the night and you know we can make a straight anywhere, they don't want to move the queen out and be tied down, they can dio 12 things They can play Knight to F three, which is only reasonable or a very popular movies to play upon. To be three because it gets the bishop out, it strengthens upon chain, and the bishop is also now defending this. In this case, there's a couple things we can do. We can leave the bishop here, or we can immediately traded off a good thing to do for Black because it requires a little thought. And we know they were gonna trade this piece off anyway. Issue simply trade up the bishop, let them double their pond and continue with our strategy of targeting this part again. It's good because it gives a very clear plan. Target their weakness and it gives us the initiative, or at least already very beginning. After only a few moves, it gives us the potential for initiative because we're the one applying some pressure to their position and not the other way around. So if they choose to do this, we can simply take this night double there, palms up and then immune proceed to get our bishop out and go here. Now, one thing that white made you if they are smart and they recognize what we're going for here is they can move their queen out immediately in this pawn down defendants piece. But we're gonna go ahead and just get our Bishop Alec Normal or Night is defending it. And this this changes everything that's move order by them, not having gone on a three and giving us time to trade and get our night out on average, about moving the queen here and views like this. It changes the move order, and that changes everything a little bit. So in chest move or it's really important at the very beginning of the game, you don't want to think like, oh, well, I could just do this next move and everything will be the same. Sometimes the game will transposed into the similar opening of the same opening, and we thought, but the move order really matters. And so you're really careful. If anything changes like one move changes, it can change everything else in the position. So is it to be aware of that? So after we move this pond out, we're not targeting this pot. Of course, they have adequate defense, and they make something about the night. We can't move our night out yet because this queen would be able to take a special vision, would be hanging if we moved our night here and immediately wanted to continue with our plan of attacking this one thing again. We always had to keep in mind. His position to just like before is that we can put the night on E four and threaten this part, which isn't a big deal. If we do this, Hey could defend in a couple of the way to get defended by moving the bitch about. But then we have the choice of gaining the Bishop Air Oregon for the bishop out here on B two. It's kind of ugly, and he's defending it. But the business is kind of a weird spot. It's not a very harmonious way from the set of his pieces, and so this gives us another way to make the position a little bit uncomfortable for White . And that's psychological psychology. Get is important chest you're not playing, it's a computer. Psychology is a big factor, just kind of uncomfortable position for white toe play, and they played well and they get through the opening and they consolidate a position without giving black and edge that they've done a good job, just a much easier position for Black to play. And I'm gonna keep bringing this up because so many people platelets online. A lot of us don't have a lot of times longer than a 10 or 20 minute chess game, then is really, really important when we can make moves quickly. Know they're really strong moves, have a comfortable position and immediately put pressure on our opponent. Just increases the odds that they will make a mistake, that they will make a blender or they will have a weakness in the position that they will not be able to defend well, so again, when it comes to blitz, knowing your openings is super important because we save so much time on the clock and it's just easier to play so we won't keep that night move in mind. Nothing ran. Deal is memory for me in this new way. Move this queen over to see one which you know, we thought was gonna weird. And when others allows us to free our night, take our night out so they may do something like just continue to develop like this. This? No, by moving them there. Bishop, here they have stopped was not moved from happening now. And we're simply going Teoh, bring your night out. Continue with our plan targeting this pond. It's really, really simple plan, but it is effective. If White makes good moves, they will continue to simply develop. And we will go ahead and move this night over and put the pressure on this point again. One can move. We could take the bishop. And even if he defends the bishop with Brooke, it would be good trade for us to make since they would take away their potential advantage later in the game once again having the vision pair combination. OK, so for now they're defending his pawn just fine. But we are putting pressure on it, and we're gonna continue to want to do that. So remember, we know that's one thing we could do and move over here and continue to pressure it. Oregon simply Castle and then played d five. That's a theme that we're gonna see even names. Oh, on. And we could even be looking at playing C five right here and making this trade. We have to look at all potentialities and chest. We don't make any assumptions. So, for example, in this position, we have a clear plan of pressuring this pawn and taking advantage of this double pawn situation. But that doesn't mean that we don't deviate from our plan. No matter what I mean, everything depends on what your opponent, that's your opponent makes a weird move or makes a mistake that by all means we want to capitalize on that. So, in chess, just like in life, we wanna have a clear plan. Usually stick to you. But we have to be flexible also. And so a lot of weaker players that can get confused about that. That's okay. Why, knowing this opening of sorts will be doing. But now it looks like I have ah chance to play this move or maybe to win material. But no, I gotta stick to my plan and they're not really sure what to do. So make sure you stick to your plan as long as it is working is on. It's the best thing to do, but always be open each and every move to do something different and also make sure they don't make any assumptions. Always calculate carefully between and after each and every case. So the reason why I'm here for why, at this juncture would be do something simple like move this bishop out. And now this is a good formation for the bishop. The Rooks are connected, which is something that we want Tokyo in the opening and try to consolidate their position and defend these ponds. So they're doing okay, but they don't really have any plan other than basically defending themselves. And we have much more aggressive things, much more aggressive intentions. Okay, so we're gonna go ahead and cast on the situation just to make it so Now can play this on board if we want Teoh Weaken, do the queen maneuver if we want to. We probably don't want to trade off our queen if we go. If we go to be seven and then go to C six, they can simply trade Queens and we'll trade night up. We will still have the same theme of attacking these ponds. But it's usually better for us to keep a queen on the board if we have some pressure on there. But again. It depends on what it is that they plan to do. OK, so this is scenario where actually the glittering system is pretty solid or white. They're not going to get any edge out of it. They're still gonna be kind of tied down, just developing. You're gonna have a strategic chess game, which will be really fun to play. But it's a smart way or white to go and so blinkered that he was a very conservative chess player. He was always looking for the most solved positions with logical position, just playing simple chess and by playing simple chess. In many cases, we avoid complexities and potential errors, and we can win the game through attrition later on by the opponents, making mistakes, last having better management of the clock or simply developing such a strong position that eventually we just sort of overwhelmed the opponent's position through their inaccuracies or their weaknesses, etcetera, etcetera. So it's very conservative with a play, and it's a smart way to play. If you are highly rated player and you're playing, it's weaker opponents or your attorney situation where you don't know anything about your opponents because it lowers the probability that you will make a mistake. Is Blake simple, fundamental chess? And not having Teoh calculate the super complex positions is a good thing in general do. And, of course, the opposite is true. If you're a lower rated player, you're a weaker player of this experience. You want to actually complicate the position, which may be counterintuitive if you think that I don't want to make it to stay complaining and start her opponent. Maybe I want to keep things simple. Sexually, the opposite is true. You want to complicate the position and give your self chance in a complex board toe winsome material. Or maybe get a little bit lucky or still a game into some unfamiliar territory so that at least then you have a chance. Otherwise, I mean you're better on it with his better strategic knowledge is just going to I'll play you. That's usually what happens. Case in this situation, we got a few logical things that we could do in terms of furthering our strategy or black. One thing we do is we could simply play D five or C five, push up on sport and fight for the Senate member. That's our strategy in chest Julie to fight for the centre, depending on the okay, okay. And is not much else for white to do here. We don't have any weaknesses. Nothing criminally to target. So white simply have to continue to develop, and they're gonna probably look for a push in the centre as well. So a good thing for white to do here might be to move that look over and then look to push this pawn forward they converse upon for before moving over. But in ways probably buy it in this case, and so we can look. Do we want to play D five right now? If we do play this notice, we benefit from the fact that they still can't take it because we have this pin here. So by white putting their bishop on D three like this, it actually gives us this nice little tactic or potential tactic. We can play the five immediately, and that's a good thing to do because we want to be aggressive. They can't take it, they would lose a piece. And now we have 123 pieces that are attacking this pawn. And since this bishop is taking up the square for the night to potentially come down and defend it. He's either gonna lose his pawn, giving us what we've sought toe win upon and have a big advantage. Or he's forced to play a move like Knight to E five in order to defend the pond. So we just barely holding his position together here. And so we just need to simply stay focused on pressuring this pawn and dictating the play. Okay, so one thing we can simply do in this case here is to look at moves like night toe. He ate and looked not. This pond is not this night off. We move his pawn forward and we knock this night somewhere. Then we're gonna win upon okay and others and calculation involved here. He has potential moves. Like he could move Knight to C six if we take it, he takes back with his queen, and we simply made a trade that would benefit white a lot in this case. So we don't We wouldn't want to trade here, and it's kind of tricky situation we can work with night. So you gotta be careful about all these little tax and This is just chess. He's also threatening now to play night to E seven for King, our Queen and our King, which would be lights out. That would be the end of the game. So this is chest. This is what we have to look at. What were considered our candidate news. And it once he goes here, we would want to see ahead. If we play d five, we have a nice way to look at ways on Open. He has a strong knight to e five. Move. What are we going to do about that? We simply can't play this 19 of yet because she's got a dangerous move here. So what, we can dio. Then let's look at something like playing. Okay, See, by now takes takes. Okay, We'll calculate that potentially, albeit takes his pawn. Um, now, if he takes this pawn, if we take his bishop, he now could take back with his night. But we would have to see what would happen. Let's say, for example, now goes here trade, trade. We could look at pushing a spot forward. We could look at taking here because looking taking here, there are a lot of complex things now that are going on with this board is not clear who has the advantage. So we definitely don't want to let White make a big trade like this. It would help them. Ellison. Now, what advantage do we have? We don't really have any advantage here. Um, they could take take. That would work for us. This is now a better position for White of Unit was a few years ago, so we don't want to let this happen. So before we even see the potential for the way need to make sure that we don't night here , So we need to look ahead. Meaning all those calculations before we play G five. OK, we need to recognize Okay, this night. To be five is a potentially strong move. See? And that's how we get better at chess. You have to calculate every possible scenario a situation than you identify. Okay, this is a move that will allow white to potentially get out of this pickle days in with this poem. And so this is how we decide what moves to make a chess is how we calculate. And then maybe we want to adapt. Do something differently. Then we were planning on doing so. The next lesson we're gonna look at happen. We proceed with Black, with White making the best possible news, what we do to maintain the pressure and go into the middle game and the end game with an advantage in the glittering system. 11. Lesson 10 The Gligoric Variation with Best Play: So this clinic variation of solution for black in order to avoid the strong knight to e five Move that would sort of scuttle our plan to play 85 Pressuring this Trying to win this pond is simply too. Wait before playing that and make this preparation move Queen to see Excuse me with Brookover gonna go queen to be seven Now the reason we move is queen here It stops in for being able his next move to go down with the night too C six, for example. Now let's say he continues with his night move OK, we don't have to worry any longer about we now play this pawn to D five and he takes he will still successfully be able to trade up Piece is not good for us. And now if you notice his night as queen are Bolt attacking this pond We only have one defender. So now we simply play G six. We make the night move but you can't play night to see six anymore like he was going to before is now Our queen is on the seven at our night and our queen since we have two pieces defending this d six square. If the night moves there, we can simply take it and win apiece so we can no longer do it. So it nothing works anymore because we have this move in between move, he says, OK, so this is a really good example of how we wanna stick to our plan. But we have to calculate and be careful and not let our own get any counter play and stop its more plants. If we would immediately play d five to want to do in order to get advantage of his pin and win this pond with pressure on white, he has this move 95. He would have been able to trade off the pieces and then everything would've been fine for White. So you have to calculate and make sure that we do not let her own it. Get out of the pickle that we have the men. So we saw that. Okay, well, we move the queen to be seven, which it seems like a subtle moves on the big deal. It changes everything about the position it allows us to play de six of a goodnight move. Now, if the night goes ahead that goes down here threatening our rug and making it so he wants to trade up yourself. Now we could make the trade because now, if he trades out the nights now, we win the Paul, which is our goal from the getting now are up upon and we have an advantage. And all we gotta do is even just maintain one on advantage, go into an endgame. We have a higher chance of winning. Also, they still have this weekend's here. They've got a backwards upon. We have no weaknesses. And if he goes ahead and trades on Bishop, that helps us do further because he has given us the bishop hair back. And so now it's night versus Bishop instead of night, and Bishop was too. But usually two bishops are better to have a tonight and bishop combo. They just compliment each other really well. And oftentimes, even though it seems like maybe a little bit counterintuitive a night and a bishop together don't actually coordinate very well in many situations. Usually better toe have to bishops than to have a night and a vision. Okay, That's another rule thought. So in this case, our names Oh, Indian defense were perfectly we want upon. They still have a weakness and we have no weaknesses. We've got a great position and we should be able to win this game again. When you play is black. The reason it's called a defense is because white is the first move. You've got a slight edge. White usually wins the game. Um, I say usually it means, you know, White wins more often than black does. And so we called black the defense. We're defending whites initiative and so, like, taken away and in this case, winning upon even the white and left to play the very solid, literate system. We see how they have to be very, very careful in order to not losing. And so the long story short of this situation is this night to E five. Move by. White is a mistake, and White won't want to play it, But you have to be able to calculate very carefully to see all of these things that were going to happen so again, White would be better off playing something else. However, it's tricky because we're gonna be playing. Remember D seven next G seven to G five. This is the move that we're gonna be playing next. And so now we see that, uh, white can't play night t five. It doesn't work because we're gonna end up winning material or with a better position. So what is white to do If why simply makes a another move, like getting his lookout and preparing to push upon, for example? Or maybe why even decides that he just gonna go ahead and push this pawn here right now, we can still play, Do you find because of this pin that we have? So there's a lot of dynamics in the news of Indian that end up working out well for Black. Okay, So for example, let's say he takes that pawn. Now we take the pond now, Like I said before, we have 123 pieces aimed at this pond, and it's pin the pond can't capture because we would take the bishop and he would lose material. So it's a very difficult position for White to play. And so what? You guys are run through this video and all these videos a few different times. Look at some of the scenarios and see that it's difficult for White to play. It's easier for Black to play and memorize all these variations because you're playing online chess especially, and you're playing its opponents that are rated 15 1600 or whatever. Maybe even lower than that. You're gonna be seeing these moves the most up you see on a three years in a queen to see to Do you see any three? They're really, really common reactions to us playing names. Oh, and almost notably, White's gonna end up having a difficult position to defend, which is great for us, since we are the black pieces. 12. Lesson 11 The Kasparov Variation: Now I'm gonna look at another variation which has been dubbed the Casper Raw Variation to never force the famous, uh, grand master Garry Kasparov, who is still with us and who was the world champion for over 20 years in the eighties and nineties. He used this variation Elias World Championship match against Karpov successfully, which is why it's been named the Kasparov Variation. And it's very simple. It just means that when why it chooses to play next move night to, uh, e f three. Excuse me after your pitch about white plays Knight to F three. Basically, they're saying, Okay, we don't like the Rubinstein variation having a tie our queen down and, um, not develop our pieces. We don't like playing upon out, forcing its trade immediately and doubling our ponds where he's going. Teoh develop our pieces and in black wants to trade the night off. Fine. We'll let him double our ponds and ever is going develop our pieces. And basically it just requires or allowed white to develop the most efficient way possible and castle early as possible and also will notice if you white plays the the best lines of the Catholic variation they are going, Teoh actually end up putting there on on G three. Think heading their bishop and castling. And due to the fact that there PA structure is the way that it is with ponds on the green side, the board, if you and cuddle Bishop here makes a lot of sense, and it aims at blacks Queen Side. But that's a sophisticated thing to know. And so if you're playing, it's really strong player, and they know how to play. The cast brought system do well is white. Then they may get a good position against us, but most people that I play against online and even up Teoh rated 2000 on above. They usually don't play the Casper Out system. They usually will play one of these other systems that we've already looked at or something similar. They won't even know the Casper all the best lines in the Castro. But if they do, we're gonna look at what we should do Any case, no matter what it is that they play. So if you're gonna choose to play night F 31 of the main lines of once Grand Masters is instead of playing defy, which is a perfectly acceptable move as well as lots of different things we could do is opening, which is again, why we like it's very flexible. We're gonna look at this Move C five, which is the thematic move in the news of India. Because if White says, Oh, fine C five. OK, well, they think I'm gonna take this pond they're gonna take back. It seems totally fine for why wouldn't we get out of this? But thing is, if they take that on, we're not gonna take it back with the Bishop. Instead, we are going to take the night here, and then when they take back, look this they've got a really, really ugly triple pawn situation even though they have actually won a pawn. This is basically it's like a gambit we've sacrifice upon temporarily in order for them to have a really ugly situation with their ponds. At any case, we can easily, when one of these ponds back by, do something like, for example, if we play 94 now, we're attacking two of these ponds. There's no way for them to defendable is gonna get the pond back. They're gonna have a really ugly position case. This would be a huge win for Black, if white size, to just take on C five, which a lot of lower level players will do. Trade the nights off and we continue with our play. And so oftentimes we'll see that by not immediately taking back a piece like we would do if we took back with his bishop. We are getting a much better position, so don't make any assumptions in chest. This is the lesson that you're gonna get over and over again. Don't automatically think they took my peace. Now I take a piece back and a lot of times because our egos are involved were playing chess . There's a lot of psychology involved with someone captures we want to recapture. Our instinct is to recapture. But it's not what we should be doing. We should not follow our initial instinct. We should pause, and we should reflect on what you think. What is the best move here? Sometimes recapturing immediately is the weakest move. It's the worst thing you can do. In this case, we would take this night and give them a terrible triple pawn situation. So a strong white player. They will elect to leave it and they will not do anything about this. It will continue to just develop their pieces. They might play something like E three and then we decided to take here. It would also be helping why they would simply beginning a nice center and the pieces would flow. We could do something like this throughout the night and target this pawn. But now that the the file here on the file is open, it's not as good for us. And we don't have this pawn here. It's not is good for us. The situation now the position is a little bit better than it was before for White, definitely by the difference in more. This is one of the things I mentioned earlier. Move Order mattered by White playing night F three and then by US planes. Different move Here I see three we don't want to fall The same old strategy of take. This would be a different situation here, So they play something like this. We want develop differently with this case. Might go ahead and play d five and look, Teoh have the position open and we're gonna fight for the center, but again as black. This is good. We're going to build a castle first, they're gonna have slower development, and they're the ones who have to make a lot of decisions. They get to decide what we're gonna do about this pain tonight. This is why most of time they will elect a cyclic forces to trade it off because it's uncomfortable. It's uncomfortable little thing for what I have to deal with, and even if they end up getting through the opening, okay, but probably in taking more time in the moves and may have made a mistake that more opportunities make steaks. And again, it's easy for us to play. We immediately have a little bit of pressure, a little bit of initiative going on here, and it's really easy for us to know what to do. You're gonna play D five or getting C five and we're gonna go after this palm situation. Okay, so that's just something that might happen. We can play D five in the situations, fine. So that's why the best move for White here is not to play of e three, but it's Teoh. After playing F three, we play. C five strong move is white is going to go into the continuation of the Castro Variation and they're gonna play what he played the in the world championship match against Karpal. They're gonna feel kind of their bishop and they're going to aim their bishop down at our Queen side. And it's going to allow for much nicer development that allow them more easily. Um, get the fish about Castle, the King. And even if we do double his ponds here, taking this night, his pieces are more coordinated and it's easy for him to play. So if he does go into this, we're gonna look at next. What do we do when your point it knows how to play the Castro variation. 13. Lesson 12 The Kasparov Variation with Best Play: and this lesson, we're gonna look at what happens. It wiped is a cast variation and makes really good moves. What are we going to do is we're gonna look at a couple different variations, cover different, a couple different scenarios, and we're gonna look for best play for Black and see what is going to happen. So normal moves of the names Oh, India is going to go through it over and over again and see the beginning. Just get a feel for how the game is going to flow, right? Used to play the opening over and over again and then seeing what your opponent does. So again, we're going to see that he plays Night three. We play C five. He doesn't take it because we know now if he takes it, we take the night and mess up his situation on the queen aside, we're gonna be looking at playing d five at the right time. That's the thematic move in the situation also trading up the night If the time comes so in this case, why it's gonna go ahead and give it a few head of the bishop, which is probably the strongest plan for whites played against the names up into your defense that indicated and the last lessons Really good way to play. So you guys out there If you want to play Defour for your opening move and you play against the names of Indian azi your opponent plays plays, it is black. A good thing to do is to learn to play the cast preparation or white. You'll usually get the strongest sort of position. And the easiest type of position to play, uh, against blacks was good thing to be aware of, as we learned is opening for Black. It will also help you play it as white. And so now that we see he's eventually took the Sam U. C. Is gonna be a bishop here. One thing we can dio is we just immediately take the night and go ahead and just given the double because he has to take back and then go ahead and before we play D five noticed this plan is hanging. We don't want to take it. We take his pawn, he takes back, and now whites got a really good center and he doesn't have a double pond. We don't want to help him leave him with double upon situation. But also we can't let him take our pawn. So the couple is we can do. We don't want to play the six and if he takes to take back trade off means we have to take back with King. That's not good. If we play B six, it's kind of a little bit too passive. Okay, we're trying to take the initiative away from White. That's our job as black in the opening. So we played really passively. Where's letting White set up a nice position and maintain the initiative that I already have? So we have to be a little bit aggressive and force the action. Okay. So even though we see that the news of Indian I mentioned before is considered to be a more of a T J opening, it's not a super chaos inducing opening. If there's a lot of a lot of tactics, a lot of times that we will play for an early five and be aggressive, so we definitely don't want to be too passive. So in this case, before we can play the five we need to defend its on, we don't want to capture what we do. So one thing we can do is be moving queen out here and defend it. But if he takes, we take back. And that's kind of good. But you have some moves like moving out of Bishop. Here we moved. We don't want to be moving out between a lot of the beginning. So we simply play this move here by tonight to eat four. And then if you choose to take it, we take back and it's really ugly. Double ponds. He doesn't want to do anything changed upon sector right now. Except if he's able Teoh, you know, take back from with this bond on d four and fix the situation that would give him otherwise . He really wanted change anything. He wants to keep this plan here on the floor so he doesn't want to take it. Our night is defending it, and we're getting our pieces out. We know that What what it wants to do now is to continue to develop his pieces will take his bishop out. Okay. And so here we want to continue to be aggressive. We don't want a castle and give him a chance toe build up his position against us so we can go ahead and play defied here to play d five. And we don't worry about things like this queen coming down and giving us a check. I mean, that does nothing. It helps us get our fish about with tempo. You gotta move his queen again. So, you know, to use this move. And if he takes this pawn, we take back. Even though he doesn't have a double ponds anymore, it helps us get out, bitch about it helps coordinate our pieces. And also he actually can't do that next notice. One of the reasons that moves night over here to eat floors does not threatening this pawn on C three. So actually, once with the night here, he has to do something like movies queen over something logical like this. This now threatens our night and he defends his piece and then we play. Do you five. He might do something like a fine Go ahead and take it. We take back the nice defended this pond defended. And while he no longer has a double ponds, he still has this weakness they have to defend here. This potential weakness, and he's delayed his development, still hasn't been able to get his bishop out and castle. And so even if you know, we evaluate his position and we can't leave, say, like, Black has a big edge were a little bit ahead of development. We are the ones that are putting the pressure toe white were the ones that are dictating the play in the opening, and it's causing what to think. It's causing them, use time on the clock. It's giving them an opportunity to make mistakes again. It's an easier position for us to play now again. This scenario that we're looking at here is one in which White made a lot of really good moves, avoided a lot of the problems that we were causing for them. Some of the traps that relating for them, and they're going into this sort of optimal set up for White. It's still not easy for White till play. Okay, so it White decides to go ahead and simply continue with their development. Now we're going into a middle game and we're playing chess is several things we could do. We could move a queen out over here and attack this pawn further. It's pinned to the king That would make it so they can't castle. It delays there castling because of the castle that we could take this pawn and win upon. So they would have to do something like that. Just look at that. So after something like move the bishop out to defend it. But moving their fish about that gives us the opportunity to win back the bishop here if we choose to and trade off this night for the Bishop pair. So you take that, say it takes back with the queen, and so we are still dictating the play. And while the position is basically equal, it's easier for us to play. As I've been mentioning, we have all of those, that is, that's a potential move that we could dio with the queen right there to a five. Another thing that, um, we can dio simply castle. Or, as you saw before, we find ourselves in a position to make this thematic threat of a potential discovery attack on the Queen. If they decide to castle here boom, they could lose material because now, just like we saw in an earlier lesson, green can take a suspicion was a nice defending in. You can't take the night either because they would lose their queen. And the night is also attacking the rooks that once they move the queen somewhere, we're gonna win in exchange. So you have these nice threats that naturally come about in this position as well. So they go ahead and continue with their fianca bishop plan. We have this really nice move, Bishop F five, and they're going to have to figure out a way to get out of this with simple thing to do is to simply move their queen somewhere, for example, to go here to be three and attack our pawn on B seven. That's probably one of their best options. But again, they still haven't castled yet. And they're still having to defend this poem on C three, and we're the ones that are pushing the temple. They haven't moved out there Bishop yet. Okay, In this case, we could do something simple, like with Barkley now here. In which case they could take this poems. We gotta be careful. Probably the best move for us would be to do something. I got a D seven and defend both pieces because you now we're playing chess with 57. They've got this potential move. They could threaten our queen with their night. And then we've got a look and see what are the best moves for us. In case there's lots of different options, a lot of complexity. So again, the point here is that for White, the Kaspar off variation is a really good option that leads to a lot of good play for them and for Black. We want to know what to do if they play Castro Variation. We want to be aggressive. We want to push the action. If we don't do this, we don't play the five. If we don't get our pieces out quickly and white simply go to consolidate a nice position and nice opening and they're going to put pressure on our queen side with their bishop here . That queen moving over and we'll still have an okay game. We'll still have a fine addition. Weaken simply, Castle. Let us see. For example, if you keto we castle a castle, we just do these really normal things we defend. This pawn is a lot of calculation that needs to be done. We're gonna have a fine position that we could still win, but it's a little bit better to be white here. You notice that we were a little bit passive, and white has a little bit better coordination of the pieces. Now, this is like Astra like this open. It makes it so light gets out of trouble. He gets a really nice position. He can just developers pieces. Really? Well, maybe you something like put this pin on our night here and then he's got the bishop here. We don't have the bishop pair, and so we have a really passive position, and that's not what we want. We traded off our bishop in order to have some sort of pressure, some sort of initiative. And so we have to stay aggressive in order to maintain that. It's not the lesson here. You play against cash brought variation. You're going to want to go ahead and capture and be aggressive, play d five and go in tow. The center. Okay, that's what we're going to do. So I hope you guys get a lot of opportunities to go out and play all these variations of your games. Make sure you practice a lot. You're gonna see these moves from white over and over and over again. You're probably going to see the cast about variation the least because it most people don't feel kind of their bishop and play it this way for whatever reason. I just don't know if they don't know that's the best reaction against you because you're going to see the other was a lot more. You're gonna see the pawn, Teoh A three. You're going to see the queen to see two, and you're gonna see the pond e three move the most we definitely know to do against cash variation with best possible play from our opponent. We're always looking at the best moves of our opponent and chest. Whenever one of us do, our POTUS is gonna make mistakes or is gonna make moves, you hope they're gonna make we always gonna be looking for what's the best possible way they're gonna react to us. And what do we do next? It's always we want to do in chest. It's for the final few lessons of this opening course. We're gonna look at a couple other popular variation that you're probably going to see and what to do against those 14. Lesson 13 The f3 Variation: another variation of you will often see against the names of Indian For white is called the F three variations. No other standard name. It sometimes transpose, is into the salmon creation, which is when remember White plays a three immediately we trade off the night again. We trade apart much apparent order Haven't double pond standard theme in this open or what they do is is they play in this case they f three instead, the idea being that they're going to fight for the centre better with this move and they're going to try to get the pieces on E four and have a strong center, and we go ahead and just take the night right away. We could go. It will transpose really closely into the status creation. We may look at that, but the best new, according to the Grand Masters, is again for us to be aggressive as black in the names of India and play something like C five or defy. First, we're gonna look at C five now we play C five years, just like we saw before they take upon we take the night and they better really ugly triple pawn situation and our pieces air coming out nicely so they don't want to take upon it. Doesn't make any says Kate. Just remember, though, that they take upon here, we don't take back with Bishop. That would end up giving white ah, good opening. And then they will be able to assert themselves in the center. So we're gonna play C five. They will usually finally threaten our bishop. And then we will take as usual, and we will have the normal theme. But the difference now is that they've got this pawn on F three, which looks kind of weird. And normally a regular chess player wouldn't play this move unless they're well versed in the open. They know that F three is a weapon to use against the names. Oh, Indian. Just like we saw the Casper out Variation is a good way to approach playing against the Dumiso, India. Of course, we want to know what to do against it as well. So here again, we continue with our aggressive team. We're gonna play D five immediately. We're not worried about them taking here on C five with the poem, remember? Because it gives him such a bad situation. Even though we can't take back up on immediately. We are lots of things we can do. We can threaten with the queen taking back next and there's no getting around is really ugly double pawn situation and it just makes their position work. So there's no point white the waste move taking this pawn on C five giving us their central really, really important deep on for are less important seep on, allowing us all different kinds of cool moves that we could make against them. So it's not a good thing for them to do. Usually what they will do is it will take on d five, but they do take 95. We take back with our night and we actually end up getting a really good position here. And you notice it doesn't look like there's a lot of stuff that we could do is black hair. Looks like a bishop is blocked in everything but notice white position. They are even less developed than us. The nowhere near castling. We can castle next move if we want to, and one thing is a little bit of a trap here, too. White might think a say, for example, that white takes his pawn and what we want to do. This is a moment white picks up on. We push our e upon for again threatening the, um They control the centre, also getting our bishop out and things like that. Now, one thing that White thinks they might want to do is well, what if I go here and I pushes pawn forward? Of course they can't do it with the d pawn and my night because we'll take this pond we'll win upon. So I think we'll just push this pawn forward and we'll throw in this night. He has to move, and I'll trade off the Queens and Black will have to lose the ability to castle. But we have because they played F three here. In this particular variation, we have this move Queen two h four check. And then if you do something like block it, we can take this pond. And we went We win that upon with our clean in the center. And now this is really dangerous for, um white there. We don't want we don't want to play this. Okay, now. Well, they do have something like this, they can threaten our our queen on our night at the same time. This is a really, really dangerous thing to Dio. And it gives, um, Black a lot of options. Okay, you have to be really careful. We could do things like this. Give him a check, he can block it and threaten. But this is really, really dangerous for white right here. And so they have to be really careful what they do. Okay, so they don't want to play this pond toc for move here. So this is a really common situation that you get If White plays at three and black is still getting a better position here, Noticed our pieces are flowing rather well. We are more developed because we get Castle next and why. It's kind of got a little bit of, ah, awkward position into the getting his pieces out. So if White knows how to play this F three move, he's gonna avoid some of the problems that he has with the other openings. But he's got to be careful because his development is a little bit messed up. You know, this is not a good place to put his night there's no good place to put any of his pieces. So he's going to be looking to try to get his pieces out into, uh, center. If you plays this move immediately. Remember again. We can simply take this party so you can't put that move by yet. He does have to defend this pawn. So a logical move for him, like me to move the Queen Teoh C two and do something like this case we've got take up moves. In order to do that, we can take our night out and put it here. We can Castle. We can take our bishop out. We could take our queen out. We've got a whole lot of choices as black. Very, very easy position for us to play. So just go over that again. Make sure you guys understand each of these moves is really important. So once we see that White elects to play the F three variation, we got to remember to put the pressure on and don't let them get situated. So we play c 50 k C five and then they will usually forgets those forced to trade. And we play d five and they take it. Take back with the night. Okay To take that. We pushed this pawn for its really important idea because we don't push his pawn for t five our positions. Not very good. The whole ideas we need to take control the center. So I push this pawn for we're putting our upon into the center of the board and also releasing this bishop. It'll just want to move here. Allows our pieces all of a sudden coordinate much better than before. They can't play. They can't play C four yet is the check. And if we do, go ahead and first take this plan will get upon here. But what gets kind of a lot of conversation if they take our queen right here and then we take back with our king. Okay, well, we actually aren't upon because we love them to take first notice. They have six ponds and we have £6. So upon a number upon is equal. And even though they're behind development queens off the board and our king being stuck in its centre, it's pretty much equal game. I mean, we want to get more out of this for black. We don't want to basically have unequal game. Plus is to be kind of ah, maybe a boring kind of grind game if we allow this to happen. Which is why simply playing E five first is a better who We want to develop our pieces and get the coordinated situation that we saw. Okay, they move their queen out, we can move our night out, and this is really nice for black are pieces are all coordinated, and it's gonna be easier game for us to play, even though we haven't captured back upon yet, they don't need to wait for them is offended. I mean, if they want try to defend this pawn by doing something like bring their bishop. I see three another there retarding the development even more than you blocking in this pawn on E. To look at this, there's no place for his night to go. They can't leafy and Keto because that would be a really bad on structure. So it's just a really hard situation for white play if they choose to try to save that part . So this part is basically for just sitting there, not doing anything. We don't have to be in any rush to take it, although we can who are queen out to sea to attack it immediately if we want to. It just a matter of how we want to approach the position. The best thing for, um White to do here is going to try to get the pieces out in the center and Teoh Castle. So we've got a lot of options here, Castle. Now can he can play this move, make our night move here if he wants to. And that's fine. You know, back, we want Teoh. We still have an advantage. We have better piece coordination and they are going to be trying to get the pieces out. Okay, so the reason they play after in the first place those because the whole point of this every variation is so they can get their pawn out into the center and fight for the centre better than if they play any of the other variations that we saw. So what you see in chest? Basically, the theory of chess is that you see someone develop opening some grandmaster and then it works really well. And then there's theory done, and the other grandmasters figure out a way to combat it. Now you have a new opening. Okay, this is the best move to do against it. And then the same thing happens again, the other side. So the theory goes back and forth, and they keep making improvements on each side. Now, of course, we have the chest engines that I'm also looking all the tactics and look at what the best balls moves are there. Advancing to theory a lot as well, but especially for us. Club players are rated between 1,202,000. We consider to be the amateur level club players Most people you're playing with, especially playing online chess or playing with friends. They're not gonna know these old things all that well. Well, I did say that we want to be prepared. Teoh play against the best possible news for opponents to make the best possible moves. We're gonna be seeing certain reactions to our openings most often, okay? And so that's we want to know how to play against most of time, people are gonna play the sanitary ation. The cats brought variation the Rubinstein variation. And if they know what they're doing, oftentimes the lawyers variations because they know that they help black and maybe the gold for something like this. Every variation is a mike throw black off a little bit. And so just remember that they play that three creation and mostly in general, in this opening, you want to play a C five and you want to play D five, you want to be aggressive, okay? And you're gonna have these big exchanges in the center here potentially when you do that. And so you want to spend some time to calculate really carefully and plan your next several moves and see what's what on the next lesson, wearing that, just change, move or a little bit and simply C five Revere. We're gonna see what happens if we play a D five on this movie instead. 15. Lesson 14 f3 Variation with e4: So in this case, we're gonna look at the F three variation. If Black decides to play D five here, this gets pretty complicated. Because if White decides to go ahead and just take here after we played the five, then we have three different ways in which we can take back. I remember the night is pinned so we could potentially take back with our queen if we want to, and you can take it. So we have to look at that. If you look at all of it from ways to take back, you take back with upon which would be releasing our bishop and might be a good way to go. But if we take back with night, then we are now pressuring the night because he's penned and we have two pieces on him. And now we take, like with the 90 Did something like this. I made a mistake, Will Now we will material because we take take every witness pawn with a tempo. Okay, So a little bit tricky for for white here. We played you five and they just think I'm gonna take it. We take back with the night and they have to be really careful. They can't do something like Play 85 right away. We can take it so they have to defend the night. They might defend the night, but here's something simple. Like playing a Bishop Teoh D two, which is perfectly fine. But we are making them take time to make these moves that a defensive moves and again, our moves are developmental moves. So we are moving our pieces out, and we are taking the initiative away from why that is a goal in this F three variation. To go for White is to have a strong center. At some point, they want to play E four, and they want to unravel the complexity that we have put them under. So that's what I think you have to look at here. Okay, so they play a three. We played the five, and it's really complicated. If they take, we don't have to calculate every single possible variation up and may choose not to take and simply play before, which is a very good option for them. This is kind of the point of why they played F three to looking of a strong center and now if we just do something like passively take that on and allow them to take back here now it's have interesting. They've got got a strong center. If we take this night and they take back, we can take this pot so it doesn't work. OK, so we got to make sure that we understand that that doesn't work. They can't immediately play. Um e five yet. So probably the best thing to do is what we've seen. In every other variation we played, the five is toe four substrate off the bishop and relieve that tension right there. That way, after they take back, depending on what we do, they can play you five. We take his pawn here, and they played the five. This is pretty much ideal for White. This is what they want. I got a really strong center and they're gonna be attacking our upon if we just something really ugly. I try to defend it like this, that they can do this. They put there on here and undermined that. And now we're reacting and white has a good position. So if they play this well after we take this pond, we don't want to take here on the five. We want to something dynamic like play C five. So we see that we sort of have reversed the order if we play C five first we saw what happened. In that scenario, they d five first we see what happens in this city, and this is the thing about learning. The opening is you need to get familiar, what with each different move order and with each of variations. So you know how to navigate every single scenario that comes up. So if your opponent is not as prepared as you, which they won't be if they haven't studied the opening you and getting your position no matter what, as we've seen in every single one of these variations, why is a lot of opportunities to make mistakes? There are a lot of games. I played in the names of Indian, where they just slip up and I get a huge advantage and win the game. I mean, I win most games with the unionism Indian when I'm playing black all the way up into the 2000 levels and above, because people have to be prepared and know what to do and them or obscure the opening. The less common the variations are, you find yourself in the more chest knowledge you have tohave and the easier it is to make a mistake. So that's why we are studying this course. And this gives us a really powerful weapon to use to compact to combat. D four opening for whites. Okay, so we can again we can play C five forcing him to take that upon. It's kind of a little bit like a gamble, because we're not gonna take it back, take back right away, but totally messes up this pond structure. And it undermines his plan of having a strong center with playing E for eventually. So that's a really good, aggressive move for us to play. That's what we want to play right here. You want to play, see? Fine. He's not gonna want Take it. He wants to play e four, okay? He wants to get this part. This really strong center here. But remember, he can't do it yet because we could take and then we can win upon is nice. So he's gonna prepare an e four push. That's what's in his mind. So how can he do that? Well, one simple way you can do that is by moving his queen to see to What we see is a a good place for the White Queen as white against news of Indians and many of these different variations. There will be a time when you may want Teoh put it there. He is preparing to play you for And if he successfully gets this e four off, his position is gonna be pretty good. So we have to play dynamically ourselves and make sure that we don't waste any move. Every single one of our moves has to be, Ah, developmental move or otherwise useful. OK, so we're going to want to develop our pieces. So for a simple thing to do for us here is to play night to see six on notice, though, that since you play this F three move with best play from him, he gets a pretty good positions. This is why this F three move against the news of Indian is really plot beside the Casper up. Ah, system. This is one of the strongest way to play against even know they still get this double on situation. They have a better chance of getting a strong centre than if they claim or passively with the E three variation. Or they just put a regular sandwich and play a three immediately. Really, what we want to see. We're playing black as we want to see them play a three immediately, allowing us to to capture the night and immediately set up our position to pressure this pawn on C for it. And the F three variation for that is actually a strong one because they play it really well. They're going to have a good chance at getting a stone center, and we're now kind of reacting to that. But notice our pieces air coming out, they're ordinated and why it is still having to focus on this goal. So we do a good job of making the opening challenging for light and taking the initiative away from them potentially. So here we look at this. If they do, go ahead and place, you play before here. We have to do a lot of calculating right now because we can we can take on before here. We could take on E four with the pond. We have to look at a lot of things even before that way. But it's night move. We do a lot of calculated because lots of potential combinations of captures. We know that we don't want to take here on C four because it helps them by eliminating the double pond alive in the play before it. There's we don't do that. If we take here on C four, same thing allows him to fix a problem. So we don't want to capture here. But you want to calculate anyway, just to check justice. He okay after they do that, do we have anything? What change? Is there anything else we could do? OK, by playing Knight to C six, we're not threatening capture right here, because they only have one defender of this on. And so we played night toe, see six. And they immediately played before we can take right here on C four because we're gonna win upon. It's really complicated. You have to calculate very carefully. You know, they can't do anything here because are 97 the queen? They're gonna have to move it. Okay, so once again, we see how there are many different ways. The names looking the investigative badge for Black. They can't play e for quite yet. Even though they have their queen right here Now, they may choose to take here instead. Because of that first, and then we take and then they take. Maybe we castle, whatever. But our pieces are very coordinated. This bishops gonna come out here? We have a really nice position. And they are still having a wait to finally play this e four move at some point in the future that you play now again, it's very complex, with lots of choices. We could push his pawn forward and threaten to trade here and get our queen in the center. We can simply take it. They can't take with Queens. And we would have the cleanest king. They haven't Castle. Yes, it is very dangerous. And take back here like this. This is a really bad on strictly. Look, we got three on a terrible and notice. While they do actually have one more common us, we only have five months to never captured back on C five. This is basically disaster for white here. There's lots of stuff. You again with a roof over here. Attack this pawn, and it's very, very tricky for him to defending us that he's up to something like, put this bishop out here, defend it and we have lots of stuff. You can do it. He was going this attack it because the bones pin to the king, they were not able to castle yet. And so you see that all of a sudden, very, very quickly. We have a really strong position, and it is not easy for white play. They're gonna lose some material or they're gonna lose back upon and then have a terrible pun instruction with weak king. And we have everything going for us. And so it was very easy for White to fall into this trap. It's not easy for him to know how to play. So basically, neither side benefits from capturing here in the center, and White cannot easily play e four. They need to prepare this E four move to be really careful. But again, these ponds here on e two f three, they make it so the night can't get out very easily. How are they going to play before? It's not very easy. You know, one of the things that he may have to do is take this extra step to play efficient Teoh be too. And that way, we no longer have this threat because if he takes back right there, we can't take upon its defended. So maybe now you ready to play for? But he's got to make some like this first, and that gives us more time once again for us to achieve our objectives. Okay, so we're just playing chess. This is really good. Chest full side are looking at the strategic implications of what's going on. We know that white in the F three variation want stability for and we understand their goal . We can fight against that. We can come back it okay, in this case, but probably just castle. And now we see what happens if they play for there's a couple of you, because simply move the brookover. And then if they take, we think back check, and that's a big problem for them. So they would want that. Okay, If we move the RUC over though and then we allow them to now play five Now, this is a problem for us. This would not be a good outcome for us because now they have closed vision down and gain space. They've got a strong center and our likes word Bishop here is blocked in. Now, that's something we could do about this. We could move our night over and then planet playing F three just for example, like this and break it open. But this is like a pretty good outcome for for white notice. Actually, we can't do that. They have this move. So this is a good outcome for White so that the key idea here is that you understand the opening going to send the point of f three why they played F three in the first place. We see that it is because it allows them to you at some point, make this e four push and save the game. If we if we successfully allow them to play that, then they might get advantage. They may be able to win, but there's a lot of landmines and they have delayed their castling and delay their development in orderto have his potential to play e four. So that's the key to the names. Oh, Indian in his F three variation is Are we going to allow them to play before or not. And what are we going to do about another options? Because simply play before ourselves right now? Notice that they take, we take and all of our pieces in the Senate out now The word were the ones with the strong center. Okay, and there's just there's a lot of stuff going on here. No use to calculate each potential variation and look to see. Um, who is better for it Looks like it works out better for Black in almost all cases, if we play the best. 16. Lesson 15 Nimzo Indian Conclusion: So I encourage you guys. Teoh, go through these videos. Multiple times go through each variation. Try to remember each best move each variation, each key idea. And then also, if you do have your own chess engine, go ahead and put these variations into your chest engine. See, when the computer shows for the best pulse, move something that'll show you some tactics that you didn't see that you wanna have memorized and ready to play a game. Just so you know that you're pointed, place something. Use immediately. Make the best move. So now that we have these computer in is it helps us a lot to prepare openings and novelties, which is basically new move that wasn't known before. But go to the videos of many times. I need to if I go too quickly. You know, sometimes that's a great thing about the video. You can pause it. You can move the pieces on your actual board, you know, send up on your board at home and go through it slowly of so many variations in each of these opening and chest that it could take a long time to really get it down. But the key idea here is Teoh. Play a lot of games with the opening, so go online. And every single time your opponent plays Defour for their first move, go into the names Oh Indian. And then, since you can't control which moves your opponents are going to make, you know you have Teoh react to what they're doing. So you gotta know if they choose this variation, what's your best move? They treated that variation. What's your best approach and play? Lots of games. Get lots of practice, just like anything else with chest. If you practice a lot, especially practicing that you've learned from watching his videos and stuff, you're gonna get better here. Start getting really good results to start getting higher rating and chest. It could be a lot more fun for you. A big part of making chest workload and getting better results is knowing the opening really well because you're gonna see so many different things that begin the game. And since most people now play blitz chess, you know, 10 15 20 minute games, blitz rapid. Whatever time controls you play, the openings give you a huge potential advantage over your opponent.