Carve a Simple Wood Spirit with a Flat Bench Chisel | Clint Rose | Skillshare

Carve a Simple Wood Spirit with a Flat Bench Chisel

Clint Rose, Timber Anew - Wood Carving

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9 Lessons (36m) View My Notes
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Brief History and Tools

    • 3. Study Stick and the Eye Socket

    • 4. Shaping the Nose

    • 5. Establishing Cheekbones & Moustache

    • 6. Carving the Lip

    • 7. Carving the Beard

    • 8. Final Shaping and Details

    • 9. Final Thoughts and Extra Examples


About This Class

If you find yourself wanting to try some woodcarving but don't have the money or experience to find the right carving chisels then this class will be ideal to begin your carving adventure!

I'm a great believer in helping people to get started in carving and you need not spend a fortune or have a lot of room to do it. 

All you need is one flat chisel, a piece of wood, a mallet, a clamp and a table to clamp the work to, then you can get start wood carving a face right away. 


1. Introduction: welcome to my class on carving a simple wood spirit, using just a mallet on a normal benches. Throughout this class, you'll they had a plan and draw the features of a wood spirit. You'll be using the chisel and the Mellott to use the grain of the wood to your advantage and you stop. Cuts were necessary to create different features, and you also as you go on in the class B, developing an understanding for the plane to the face where the cheek bones are knows the eye sockets that Braille things like that, so that you could they go on in the future to create even more complicated with spirits. I know when you view these glasses, you kind of think to yourself, Who is this person and why should I listen to what they have to say? Well, we would working for around 10 years, using all different kinds of woods from really low grade pallet load up. Two really nice fancy word. I have in the past few years signed a real enjoyment for carving, and I have started my own business. I'm also a great believer in getting people from all walks of life into woodworking. And that's why my classes tend to focus on the using simple and affordable tools in small spaces on on kinds of wood, which you can get anywhere. This class is ideal for complete beginners. Those who have worked with wood before will probably learned the techniques faster and have more of an understanding of what's going on. The great thing about this class is that you only need Malott a chisel, a piece of word on a clamp to clamp the piece of wood to the table. And that's it. You can get going this close to be perfect for people who want to make a handcrafted gift. Perhaps maybe you wanna carver face into a walking stick made you even have a dead tree outside like a stump outside. You want to call the face into well, just like a garden ornament you want to make, or even just an ornament for the house. You could use the skills learned in this class that maybe going and start making more complicated carvings. You could maybe going to the world of caricature carving, which is very popular, or maybe into, and that army carving studying human anatomy and carving different pieces from that. But in this class, we should build a car for basic wood spirit, face into a piece of wood. You may find yourself as we go along, developing different features on the face differently. You might make them those bigger. You might slant the brown a different direction, you might. Curly mustache. There's so many different things you could do. Thanks very much for this thing to the intro, and now let's go on with it. 2. Brief History and Tools: I'm not familiar with wood spirits, kind of an old traditional carving that people been doing for many, many years. Quite often, they be featured on trees and people regarded them as wise and solve protectors to keep evil spirits away. Lots people nowadays just use them for decoration, though there's some people who have, like a wood spirit carved looking down the pathway of the house to make sure that the intruders can come stuff like that. I think it's a really interesting thing that have lots of history behind it. Now, as for what you'll need for the class, first of all, a mallet to hit the chisel and you need a straight bench chisel of some description. I have three different sizes here. Generally bench chisels aboard in packs. There's no reason we can just buy one. You could probably find one on eBay or a flea market or car boot sale. People be selling them cheap. You might really have one. If you're already a woodworker, we just have, like a toolbox at home here from Amazon. Stuff like that, they're very inexpensive compared to a lot of other tools on. You don't need any fancy curved chisels for this project on. Also we need is a clamp on a piece of wood. So mama chisel clamp would That's it. I chose this project because it's simple, but it's also incredibly satisfying to see the features of the face slowly come together. One thing you have to be prepared for when you're carving your own spirits to maybe go with the flow a little bit, you know, maybe knock a little bit off the nose. That's okay. Just make him have a smaller names. You know we'll make that part of the feature, but as you make them more and more, you'll learn more about the features of the face and how to set them out on how to then customize it to your own design. 3. Study Stick and the Eye Socket: Some have my piece of always clamped down to my workmen tree. You could use like a really firm table. You could even put the wood against the ground and have this bit up against the shelf or something so that you toe hit the chisel against it. This way, if you don't have access to a table on the claim, this here is what we call a study stick. So help show the stages which had divided by a green line, that so the very first stage you're gonna be doing is cutting the kind of brow and nose here. I'm just gonna drawn this piece of wood to show you how we start planning. Now. One thing I have to think about when you're making a wood spirit and planning out on the piece of What is that? It has to be some room for a beard at the bomb. And so the first I'm going to do is draw the brows that will help you get to near the top of the carving. So I'm gonna do here's draw a line that's a right angle to side across right across the piece of wood. OK, so that's upper outline, then the next stage is the nose. So from the center of the brow, it doesn't have to be an exact science. And then you can do you do it however you want. You can make it exactly if you want, but really, with the carving like this, it doesn't really matter, you know, it's it's a carving. We just kind of go with the flow and see how things happen. There's a triangle for the nice, and then what we'll do. There isn't two more lines across that side. So now what I have to do. The first part of this Kobe, is to take out these two areas here and start to learn how to do that now. Okay, so we're going to start with the chisel like this. Hold it in our hand like that and place it down on the cup there. If you want to make it a bit easier for yourself, you could use your other hand just to get it in the right place. First, let's give it a couple of taps with the melon. We'll make sure toe angle it in this way, not have it so straight up. But angle in a little bit across the top There. This is the brow line. So do the same. This, uh, going down about maybe two millimeters. So we got the proud line sort out. The next thing is to do the sides off the news. So depending on the condom, would you go? You could even push down. So I'm just pushing down from the top now like this to the when using here is pine. It was quite soft, so we have line there, exerted for when he's the mallet. We could do that to just a couple little taps. You have to go crazy with amount of pressure you're putting on here because in this direction, we're going with the grain pencil. You set out your carving, but it should be fun, sir. No done that. The next stage is Teoh. Go from where this line is and cut down towards the bomb of the brow. The say what we do first is with my other hand. I hope that she is a very good. Then tough it down lightly point a shallow angle and you can brush off. If you don't brush off the finger, you can always user like an older painted for us to do that in case you're looking splinters or something. All right, so then once again, holding the chisel like that, In fact, sometimes I you can put your thumb on the side there to help with some guidance, put on the taps, a couple taps, look up attempts and then again, So that's the start off the brow, working out that. So now we just want to get the best this material off. What you can do, if you want, is to just push the chisel with your hand and kind of slide down there. I'll show you how this technique might not be recommended for people who have some kind of a throat, the sore hand pain. But a lot of people do it this way. Just get makes the process a little bit faster than keep tapping with a mallet every time. So what you can do is take the chisel and put it kind of in there, the palm of your hand. There, like that. Wrap your fingers around it and then use this hand toe, hold it and push down. In there like this, you have to have a little bit of control with this, using this hand to do most of the controlling, the one that's holding the chisel. And if you push, hold your hand against the wood as well, I'll give even more of a base to control. From then. What you could do you hear is just push down or mallet down onto these bits. Just nick those little bit out of there. Then we'll do the same to the other side, and now we can so at the side of the nose. So to do that will take our chisel. Turn it this way. Just give up the inside of noise a little bit. That's just keep coming down in this corner. Kick down until we get a lot that could even come sideways to hear. If you want it, you should bluff that excess could do this little bit trimming. Trim it, Please take little bits off, and you probably find yourself doing that throughout the whole purposes. A little bit to training with the chisel, just to make the shapes the way you want. 4. Shaping the Nose: cuz we got our first step completed. The next step is to cut a line below the nose and then keep that line continually going down towards the eye sockets as well. And then we can start to round over the nose a little bit. So let's draw a line under here. It doesn't really matter. I mean, it's not exact science. You kind of just doing an NGO. Unless you're trying to actually copy a face and you might produce an actual measurements with, you know, we just we just sort spit born that's or figure out where we might want to pay and using this study, stick to our advantage. No, they've done that. The first thing I would start to do now is the stop cut on the bottom of the nose, because remember, that needs to be flying off or anything. So in order to make this stop cut, we're gonna do can do what we did for the top of the brow of here. Fact. It's pretty much the same cup we're going toe, come down to the bottom of the nose and angle it a little bit. That way again, A couple of taps this will depend on the hardness of wood you're using. So now we've done that in there. We can use the grain to our advantage once again because the grains going this way and because with diving down into it with the chisel, it should chip up. And the reason we did that Stop, cut There it's so that it will happen like is happening right now. It will stop. Stop. So I'm gonna do now is come along this line and trim down to the bomb. The eye sockets if you're using a set of been chosen amount when he is a slightly larger chisel for this part. But I'm gonna keep going with one chisel just so I can show you how it could be done with single cheese off if need be. So I'm pushing down again, just allowing the grain of the wood look up because we're diving down with. So that was just kind of painting up for us. I would do the same to you. The other side comes in on that, and then we'll clean everything up over the next stage. Done. Do you see? We've got a basic shape now. One thing we have to do now is to start sort. Rounding over knows a little bit. So I just show you how I do that. It's not too different ways to do. You know, noses don't always look the same. Really depends what kind of character going for. But for the purposes of this video show you how I did it. Yeah. So what I would do first is to think about what point of the noises to the point of the night is right in the centre, right? Usually. So that's where the highest part of the noses. So what you can do is do a stop cut here, so that will stop in there. This will prevent us from cutting any further up the wood here. And then take your chisel and g o man, the sides Pull that off their condom singer. And you know what? Just keep shaping it, right. Just keep painting these pieces off, trying to figure out the shape of your spirit. Convicting stop cuts, taking a little bit of already. You can see it for me. The nose shape we can do is angle, which is a little bit again. Peel off these kind of corners here. The if you want. I mean, you can leave it. That that looks like a nose. Right? But if you want to have it further week, it may be true. A little bit in here. Take that off there, take yourself here and come in a bit. Just trimming and trimming until it looks how you want it to look. And I said, if you think your steak, if you slip up somewhere, you can just incorporate that into the design. Well, if you really want to start, because this process for this particular what spirit is pretty simple. 5. Establishing Cheekbones & Moustache: So now you should hope the have a little nose and eye sockets on there and start to see your wood spirit coming to life. Gradually, we've got to the second step on the study stick there. The next step is to show where the cheek, Bangsar and the mustache. You can do a lot of customization with this, but for the purpose of this video of Show You How I did it this way and let's get to that part now. So this point, I thought of a good idea just did a quick review or not. We've done so far, so you can see the study stick and my face were actually kind of different because the length of nose, but generally the idea is the same. You can see the profile. They're building up in the same way. So there's the profile from the study stick, and here's profile from the piece that I just carved for the class so you can see how they're starting to come together. The next part is is to start outlining the mustache, getting the cheek bones in and then doing the bottom line of the mustache so we can start doing that now, Once again. Like I said, the design of the mustache and everything a lot of it is upto how you want to do it personally. But I'm gonna do it this way for now. So we're just gonna tour a pencil line coming from the side of the nose, ever it from the corner there, curving down with to the line that were already made and then maybe just coming down a bit more like that, coming back up from side and then curving, just kind of at the bomb off the line that we previously cut their coming back down again. Okay, now that we don't not, I'll start doing stop cut around the top, and this one will do kind of in the same way. One thing you'll notice when you get to the edge here is when you're trying to a stop cut off from the wood will split out from the side. That doesn't really matter. We gotta takes on this. Will offer the end anyway to kind of shape the cheeks a little bit. So it's no big deal. But if you want to try and limit that, just try not to tap too hard. Just give it a little bit of an indication like this, where the cut will bay and then that's that's fine. Did you come in here? You can stop giving a bit deeper. You can tell. They're saying a bit harder there, Same there and can t on the side of the nose a bit harder there. Get hold of the head. Not so hard. Then what we got there is the top of my moustache, but also it's kind of gonna help us with the cheek line so we can then take a line with the pencil, go from about maybe 23 millimeters up from the bottom of the nose here in another straight line. Once again, this isn't an exact measurement because you could come all the way up here if you wanted to . You could go down low. This is just a show with cheekbones. Are you know treatment is always different, so I'm just doing as a guide. So from the corner of here, up to here, maybe about it's probably more like former Mia's through a formula, Me is. And then what we can do is come from this angle and pushed down here and cut these bits off once again using the grain of the wood to our advantage to people. These up is pushing us down a little bit once. I don't Nice cuts. I can do my stop cup. Take those off again. We'll go back into where my stop Cut what I should say, I tell you, those bits off could even do like we did before at this point. Once we get this piece off here can deal that we did before with the side of the nose and take your chisel, turn it sideways. Come around in here trying to control it. You can see as I pushed their interest of it, your most slipped, and you could potentially take the end off the nose, which might be a little bit annoyed. So good. We just repeat the same on the other side. I'll do it from a slightly different angle so you can see how it was done on this side. The easier. Okay, so we demonstrate that process again. We did our stop cut in here. So now we're going to come back this way with this cup to try and trim that off pushing down into a one stop cup again They go. Mistakes do happen. But it's OK because we're going around the applied here anyway, blow that out of the way. Come up from the ancient. You don't have to come up from the chair if you don't want. But the funding lights giving a more rounded talk to the mustache. That's part of this is just get the bottom of the moustache shaped out the so that we can then go on to the next step after that se I'm just gonna push down with the chisel. We don't need to go down to deepen this point. I'm just gonna push. Like I said, if you suffer from any kind of hand problems, you could use the mallet for this step. No problem. Soon as you're careful with that pushed you hold once again as we come down to the end Here , we're gonna be a little bit more general. Same here, pushing fairly hard here. Then as you get closer to the edge and also in line with the grain, we'll go with that softer good, and then we can just take the chisel on Nick. These little bits out. So we made our stop cutting around the bomb. And I would just paving these parts out the car to show the outline of the must staff another technique could use rather than pushing in. My plan is to come up the edge like this and see that out like that. You could use that. If you're a bit more confident, I could peel up the edges. But now we've got that stage done. You can see right there is the same as the stage here. 6. Carving the Lip: So we've got to this part on the study stick. The next bit we're going to do is tow do this part and create this lip under the mustache here, which I know it might look quite easy, but sometimes you can actually be kind of a complicated thing to do. So I want to show you how I do that. The first thing I would do we just draw the indication of a lip under here. I just want to kind of small, circular, kind of line, small curve coming under there once again, we're not going to go straight down with the chisel looks. I would be worried about splitting too much stuff from here. So we're gonna angle, which it'll this way a little bit. I just come in like this once again. You can tap this with the melon if you don't think your hands are upto pushing into the water for using a holder with amusing pine here. So we've make that line that now I can come back just toe, indicate where the bottom of that lip is without pushing too hard, because you don't wanna flick played the stuff off it. If you end up flicking the material off it and just dig the lip a little bit further down. Snipping tail kid coming in here. Thank you. Here we go and then do is drop curve a little bit further up on that indicates the top of the lip that's sticking furthest out from the wood. Right. So then we'll come back here and tough that bit off down here. You could choose to your further for this. You know, you can add some parts to it. If you want. You can make a little more lip like if that's what you want to do completely up to you. This is just to show you really basic way of doing it in a way that if you're not used to this kind of thing, will hopefully help you understand how different cuts work and just how some faces are shaped kind of basic understanding of playing to the face. So you get that's the little lip hold on 7. Carving the Beard: So this point, you can see we've actually got quite a lot of the face done. He's got a nose, it's got mustache, He's got a lip. He has the cheek bones and the eye sockets. Right, So we're pretty close to getting this done with just one mile it on one chisel. Andi. So the next part we're gonna do is out. Why the bottom of the bed there and then we'll be able to, you know, adorn it a little bit, embellishing a little bit. Try and make it look a little bit more like a face sore at some features you want to add. But for the next step, that's focus on getting that bid in there. So if you look at the study stick beard, we can see it's kind of comes in the age of the most. Are just goes on to point. You could do the same thing here. Just come down here, get to a point in the bomb. Would something like this? No, we just cut a line around the our edge. Mr This with a mallet, just for the sake of doing it with the melon. Someone's going on this corner all want to come off a little bit. You see, the wood kind wanted to come out from that corner of it. Let me get a bit harder as we come in of it harder each time, Not at the bottom. The would probably start. Want to split as well? It's no big deal. A sui gok weaken shape and change things. However, we want them to be Okay, so we've got the stop cup put in there Now we can just come in from the edge that we did before do this kind of thing. It doesn't really matter if we make a bit of a mess on this part because, you know that's gonna be coming out anyway on then. I can get the ballot. If I want to do this, you could even turn the chisel upside down at this point, if you want. Certainly can hold it a bit higher up, come down like this. Well, you could just go the other way. We're doing it. Which was just pushing the material. Oh, and then once again, you can do this one of two ways you could come down like that and chop it off or you could come around side here again and shot off. And the reason I'm coming from this way you're not from this way is because I'm following the grain of the wood. So if you imagine the grain of the wood is like this my fingers going this way, this is the end of the chisel. What? The chisel goes around the wood fibers like this because they're sticking out. So this fiber is supporting this fiber, so they cut more nicely. If you're coming from the other way, however, and you want a cup and suddenly you're pushing against the fibers and ends up making them split apart. So that's where you remember when you were doing that kind of cut. Do you want to be able to kind of be hugging the grain and pushing with it and not coming this way and totally pulling it apart? Now it can come in the side again on this side, but we did, but the other one or once again, like I said, we could do this slide and cut from here. I think this stuff worry bit by bit. So it might be easier for a lot of you to do this with the mail instead. Okay, 8. Final Shaping and Details: So we have the wood spirits face pretty much done. We've got the basic planes on their our noses, one key to the side. But, you know, that's okay. So we're going toe. We got to this stage here, and there were going to try, and I have a couple of little features just to make it look a bit more like a wood spirit. So you got what spirit looking like this one. Now, next thing we want to do is make it look a bit more like this one by carving a few more details. So first thing I want to do, I start rounding off the bed a little bit so that we can come from this angle again. Round off the beard. You could easily just stop at the park were already out. You don't even really have to do this part. You want to the reason why this couldn't be your wood spirit right here. What spirits come in many different forms? Um, there's no reason why yours could look like this. It's, uh we're gonna come here and kind of take some decide off it. You don't have to try and do this trimming cut like this. You could come down like this if you wanted to push down on their flick for a little bit. Something. You could do that if you want to. But I'm trying to like this. I need a little bit of practice for this cup just by taking tiny pieces off first. Just try and take some time bits of wood off like this first. And then when you get more comfortable that maybe you can do some larger pieces like that, you know this part that we're now doing a lot of it is kind of up to your own design and you're in mind maybe some references. And I've gathered from online or something. Nothing. That's quite good to do Here is to round out mustache. That sort of shows a bit more depth. And don't mention to the peace. So you slowed up the side like that. We did the same on the other side. Twist, refusal, that way. Come inside. Right. That and then around over here, a bit like this laid off maybe good on what we could do there is in find out where the brow is so we could come up from the Central Army Made from the nose, you could a couple wrinkles that, you know, just push you chisel in both directions, Break a little piece of widow A bit of a wrinkle. You should give it further. Cannot be up here. Then we could round the outsides of here to make it look a bit like Sorry ahead. Be that coming from this direction Come from this direction and turning your chisel up. That one is so the little bevel there is facing the edge. You can do this and push like that. Keep your hands down on the work while you're doing it helps you kind of study the chisel a little bit. You see, that's kind of giving more of a realistic Is the word making his face look more like the face ideas? It's a way to say get brush at this point pieces. If we want, we can have a beard hairs as well, right? So no reason we can't take the very corner of the Children. Just sort Do you like this? I shut my eyes. Little curls in there Do quite fun this part. Just do these details. Once you got all the all the planes of the face figured out a lot of time. You could just you could think those curly bits are now. Actually, I absolutely like them songs trained them off of it, just skirting the chisel along with her of it. You know, some people can't stop disposal scaring Children on that major go that way. It hairlines could do the same with the mustache. Or you could even just do it with actual lines in the middle. So let's do that for a different technique. Let's just push some lines in like this, right? No reason you couldn't do that. There's lots of different ways to text your wood. Some people even do it, like bashing pieces of metal against it or something. Be careful, pushed down to hold, actually pushed down kind of hard there in a bit. Start to break out. Once the independent kind of what using we're using finds seizes lines, appearing on their from knows everything to do some eyebrows. Maybe have those angle this way. What's a good spirits don't have eyes, and I decided not to do always for this to Tora because I kind of complicated Onda also quite difficult with the stretchers or but not impossible. Okay, going to go Littlewood Spirit, go there 9. Final Thoughts and Extra Examples: So here's our guy well done Following the steps on study stick, it can see her that kind of similar kind of similar. And so you can add things that you get along with this you can add leaves. You could maybe painter you could toilet or varnish it or something. You know, I'll show you another couple I've done with flat chisels. Just to show you how far you could go with it. You could potentially go even further than what I've done. That's not to say that mine is the top of the food chain Onda. Then this one as well, which was done with all with straight chisels and then painted. You can see the leaves on there, the most big beard and everything on. But if you wanted to go one step even further than that, you can then start buying yourself some gouges and some carving chisels. And then you can really start getting in debt for the details of the face of actually started on. Old lady would spirit here, um, lots of details of the carving gouges still any part way through it, and I actually made a wood spirit for the garden on a really big load with all different kinds of chisel, so you can see what you can move on to from after the straight chisels. You could also use the skills in this video is kind of foundation to move on to something like caricature carving. Don't have to try and go into super detail or anything but caricatures, lots of different things to explore there so he could go there as well. Thank you so much for taking this class. I really appreciate you taking the time to sit here and listen to me and try out some techniques I would absolutely love to see your projects and the things you come up with and hear about you from the class. If you'd like to write the class, let me know how I can improve. Let me know what you liked. We didn't like on duh hopes that I would see your project saying thank you very much for taking the class. I appreciate it