Canadian English Pronunciation | Amid Sedghi | Skillshare

Canadian English Pronunciation

Amid Sedghi, Speak like a Canadian

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
32 Lessons (3h 54m)
    • 1. What is this course about?

      2:34
    • 2. Some General Advice

      1:38
    • 3. Long Vowel Sounds

      6:40
    • 4. Short Vowel Sounds

      8:02
    • 5. Other Vowel Sounds

      8:08
    • 6. The Schwa /ə/ Sound

      15:05
    • 7. The R Consonant

      5:02
    • 8. R Controlled Vowels

      7:35
    • 9. Schwa + R-Controlled Vowels

      7:58
    • 10. Voiced Consonants

      20:34
    • 11. Unvoiced Consonants

      14:08
    • 12. Other Consonants

      6:49
    • 13. "..ough" Pronuciation

      7:00
    • 14. Different Pronunciations of T

      7:09
    • 15. Provinces, Capitals & People

      9:55
    • 16. Canadian Regions

      5:29
    • 17. Charter of Rights and Freedoms

      3:54
    • 18. Syllables & Syllable Stress

      11:35
    • 19. Syllable Stress Part II

      13:17
    • 20. Secondarily Stressed Syllables

      11:36
    • 21. Unstressed Syllables

      4:49
    • 22. Blending Sounds

      6:03
    • 23. Changing Sound

      2:35
    • 24. Intrusion Sounds

      3:35
    • 25. Deletion

      4:24
    • 26. Geminates

      5:20
    • 27. Content and Function Words

      3:03
    • 28. Rhythm Rule

      7:28
    • 29. Sentence Contractions

      9:09
    • 30. Canadian Accent

      4:30
    • 31. Canadian Slangs

      5:13
    • 32. Canadian Lifestyle

      3:39

About This Class

Learn how to speak confidently like a Canadian. I will teach you the basics, starting from pronouncing letters and words all the way to how to link sounds together in sentences and make words flow. Along the way, we will learn Canadian idioms, slang and even lifestyle tips so that you learn to sound like a native speaker. This course is designed for intermediate to advanced English speakers. It aims to help individuals and professionals who want to improve their speaking and communication skills with their friends, colleagues and clients and talk with a North American accent.

Transcripts

1. What is this course about?: learning English has become readily available and much easier. There are English teachers teaching their courses online, whether it's on YouTube, instagram or Facebook. Now they do a really good job but actually teaching their students vocabulary and grammar. But they tend to forgets to put importance on pronunciation as much as they do on grammar and vocabulary. Now the problem arises when the student goes ahead and tries to have a conversation with a native speaker there consistently asked to repeat themselves. Now this is pretty frustrating, and at the same time it hurts the confidence off the student. Now, this is something that it personally dealt with when I moved to Canada when I was learning English, and that's the reason I've actually created this course. I say no more fear of going up to that stranger and having a conversation. You want no more fear of having the conversation you want with a native speaker, and no more fear of miscommunication with your friends, with your colleagues and your clients a little bit about myself. My name is I meet, and I'm the instructor of this course. I have been helping individuals and professionals with their pronunciation and have helped them improve their speaking abilities. Now, in this course, we start with the basics. First, we learn the letters were gonna learn how to pronounce valves and constants in the English language. We have five different vowels A, e, i, O and U. And at the same time, we have 16 different ways of actually pronouncing those valves. We're gonna learn all of these in the course in the second section, we're gonna learn about words now. Words in English language have syllables, and there is syllable emphasis. We're gonna learn all about that in the third section. We're gonna learn sentences. So we're gonna take all everything that we learn from words, and we're gonna put the words together and create sentences. But sentences in English language actually have a rhythm, and the rhythm is what allows you to speak faster at a higher speed. So that's the third section. And along the way, we're gonna learn expressions, slang is and idioms Deezer things that allow you to sound like a native speaker and be able to communicate with a native speaker in the fifth section. We're gonna learn about Canada. After all, this course is actually designed for people who are coming to Canada or we live in Canada and want to improve their pronunciation and speaking about it, he's not in the next section. I give you some general advice on how to go on about learning this course. I hope you guys check it out. I'm super excited for you to get started. So you guys in the next section? 2. Some General Advice: What's up, everyone? Before we start, I want to give you some general advice Now. First thing is, I just want you to know that having an accent is nothing bad. There's nothing wrong with having an accent. It is part of your character. It is unique to you on. It is not something that we want to diminish. But in this course we want to give you the confidence to speak as clearly as and as coherently as you can and communicate confidently. That's the idea in this course. The second advice I have for you is I want you to pay attention to how native speakers sound like when they speak. Now you want to pay attention to their mouth. How is their mouth moving? How are they making the sound they are making? If you are not surrounded by native speakers, you want to make sure that you watch movies or TV shows or surround yourself with more people who speak English in the native way. The third thing is, I don't want you to be shine in the process of practicing sounds. Now you have to be allowed. You have to repeat yourself on repeat yourself often this is a great way to actually improve your accent and improve your pronunciation on the force. Thing that I wanted to pay attention to is the fact that it takes a good amount of time to actually better your pronunciation. So good things take time, be patient and practice as we go along. The fifth thing that I have in mind is having fun and relaxing. So this course is not meant to put pressure. And you. This is all about having fun and enjoying the whole process of improving our pronunciation . So grab a glass of one, grab a cup of coffee or cup of tea, sit back and let's get started. 3. Long Vowel Sounds: Welcome to the first lesson, guys. The first thing we're gonna focus on his vowels. Now, in the English language, we have five different models. It's a E i O and U. So we have five different ballots. But in the English language, we have 16 different ways of pronouncing those five miles. Where we're gonna do is that we're gonna break it down into five different balls for each section. I'm gonna leave one for the next section. Now, now, three groups of bombs that we have our long vowel sounds. We have short battle sounds and we have other vowel sounds. So we're gonna go through all of these and see how it works. Now the first section is the long vowel sounds. Now I have some of the pronunciation symbols here. Now, what are long ballot? Sounds long. Well, sounds or those sounds that it sounds exactly the same as how a letter is pronounced, for example, for a it's a Now you see it here with a E with a capitalized I next to it E and I And then we have the e sound, which is shown by symbol that looks like I and then we have the I the actual I litter. It's it starts with a with a capitalize small I next to it. We have the o with O looking like that and we have you now bear in mind why sound here is itself a continent at Constance is something that is a letter that is not evolved. So anything that is not about it's called a continent. So we are focusing under you sound and not so much on the why the u sound now for the 1st 6 number looking at the pronunciation of a we have words like say, hey, rate skate, fates and cake. So you can see in the pronunciation symbol the E I is appearing in each of these wards. You have skates. We have Bates. We have cake here. Right? So this is the This is the first section of the long vowel sounds. What else do we have? The next section we're looking at E now E is shown with I symbol here. We can see it in words like see me? Sweet sleep need and fleet. What? Its fleet fleet means A group off vehicles. It could be Ah, fleet. Of course. a fleet of ships or a fleet of planes. So things that move the next section is I now the pronunciation eggs exactly the same as the letter I You can see it's shown by the symbol A and A capitalized I next to it so we can see it and words like cry fry, hike. We have a bike and mine and dying, right? So, um, an idiom in the English language that we could use that uses the words, um, mile, mile. So it has that I sound in There is to go the extra mile. What does go the extra mile mean it needs to go and go above and beyond what your ass stuff , for example, if you are somebody who works in the kitchen and your job is to make food but not clean. But if you go ahead and make the food and clean, you went the extra mile, you went the extra mile and you even clean the kitchen. Um, so that's a really good idea. And to use and scenarios where you want to say you win somebody or yourself one above more than you, you were last stuff. The next section we're looking at. 00 now you can see this in words like old we have bolt, we have home, We have a mole, We have coal and we have self, right, Uh, pretty, pretty easy again. We we just have to pay attention to the pronunciation symbol there. Oh, followed by a U shaped, um, U shaped symbol. Now there is an idiom that is useful, that uses the awesome, and it's to not be able to get over something, not be able to get over something. What does that mean now? To not be able to get over something can be used in a positive or negative way. It means to not be able to let go off something that is shocking or surprising. Now that shock or surprise could be negative or positive. I'll give you an example. If you got into a car accident, that's a negative experience. Now, if you want to say you are not able to emotionally get over it, you can say I cannot get over the fact that I got into an accident. So that's one way to save another way. To say it in a positive way is if someone buys you a really expensive gift. Somebody buys you, somebody buys you a car and you didn't expect that person to get your car. You can say I can't get over the fact that someone bought me a car. So it's just not being able to let go of that good or bad, surprising emotion. Uh, so that's a really good That's really good idiom to use in the scenarios where you want to pronounce the O sound. Uh, another one we're looking at is the use out. Another long vowel sound is they use on. We haven't inwards like cute. You can see the Why you there. We have viewed. You have argue. We have continue. We have union at the beginning. They have a future future in the middle of the work. Now Ah, lot of people ask me, What does feud mean? Few. So few basically means. And are humans. That takes a historical measure, an argument that happens over such a long time that it turns into a feud. It just it's been going on for such a long time that it's hard to let go off. It's an argument that turns into a feud if you'd that something that you definitely want to avoid. Uh, now, uh, last but not least, a good way to actually, uh, practice the long battle sounds. It's a saying a phrase when you say goodbye to say, See you later, Alligator. See you later, Alligator. It's a funny way to say goodbye to a friend or a colleague, Somebody who you're close with. See you later, alligator. It's a really good phrase. I would use it if you want to say goodbye somebody now for exercises of this section when you guys to go ahead and try to practice these words by creating by putting them in sentences by putting them in sentences you actually practice. The pronunciation of the words in the whole complete sentence allows you to actually register differentiation in your head better than if you're just saying it by itself. So trying to practice creating sentences in your thoughts or even write it down and speaking out loud 4. Short Vowel Sounds: from Hey, guys. So in the previous section, we learn about long vowel sounds in this section, we're gonna learn about short ball cells now. Short vowel sounds doesn't necessarily mean that the pronunciation of the vowels is short in its length. It doesn't mean that it's just the label. So we're gonna go through each of these each of each of the A e i o and U vowels and look at how they're pronounced Indy short vowel sounds. So let's take a look. First, we want to get acquainted with the pronunciation symbols for a E i o u. Now, let's take a look at the examples of how these sounds are actually made. So for the A, as in sounds, you have any words like cats that we have the hat you have. Brag, flag, clap, trap, classic and standard. Now you can see that this weird a in e intertwined together as a symbol um, the represented ass out. Now there is an idiom in the English language that says, Let the cat out of the back to let the cat out of the back. What does that mean? It means to tell a secret something that you're not supposed to say by an accident by mistake. Let it to let the cat out of the bag. For example, if there is a surprise party for a friend and you accidentally tell that friend that there is a party for that person in that scenario, you are letting the cat out of the back to let the cat out of the back to let them know, let a person know about a secret carelessly and by mistake. Complete mistake. So that is the meaning of letting the cat out of the back. Now, the next short vowel sound that we have is the air sounds. Now the s sound is in words like and bed men hen protect. Next, you have heavy and health, right? This is the S on that this is predominantly, uh, you know, existent in different languages. So not a really difficult sound to pronounce. Now the next section is the e sound of e sound is in words like sit mitt benefit liquid clinging building, expect and report And you can see this is Sam is present in all of these words, building in a word like building. It's actually present twice in their Bill Ding building, right? The next section of the short bell sound is the all sounds. Now there are two kinds of all sense. This is the sound that is longer in this pregnancy. There is all and all. All and all this is the ah sound. Now there it is, existent in words like top mop box, honest, come and promises with a palm with a P poem. Now pay attention. The L Income and in Palm is not pronounced. We do not pronounce those words, although in parts of North America they do say calm. They do pronounce the L. You generally the l in palm and calm is not pronounce. We don't not. I want to pronounce now a an idiom in the English language that could be used. Use of one of these words is over the top over the top over the top means to do something toe an exaggerated degree on with too much effort. For example, if you are going for running and let's just say not you, let's just say a person named Jeff Jeff is going running and he's supposed to a run one kilometers. But he and he's not prepared or healthy enough to run more than that. And if he runs 10 kilometers in that scenario, we say Jeff went over the top and he ran 10 kilometers instead of one. So going, going over the top, doing more than your ass stuff, but not in a good way do it in an exaggerated way. Too much effort, right? So over the top. That's a really good idiom to use in scenarios where you want to say somebody's doing something too much. Now the next sound is the awe sound all now this is pretty similar to the previous one. It's just shorter in length. So we have the word like son fun. We have uncle under understand and undermine, undermine, so you can see the pronunciation of all these really short. Now, the words that we have here, for example, all have the letter you in them as an example. The sound appears in words that actually have the old letter as well, so words like money, love front come not and done so short in his pronunciation president words that have you or oh in them on idiom that is, um, used with the word money is easy Money, Easy money. What is easy money? Easy money means a money that you gain without too much effort or you inherited it. Perhaps it's a way to say if someone, um, is carelessly spending their money. It's easy. My oh, um, an example. Could be, Oh, look a Have you seen Peter? He's spending all of his money, and the response to that could be Oh, yeah, that's easy money. That's easy money. So it just basically means money that comes without too much care and without too much effort, Let's do a little fun. Quiz little fun practice and see how to words. Air differentiated inter pronunciation even though they look very alike. Now we have two words. Here we have the rob and rob board. Rob. To rob means to steal something, to steal something. Now, to steal something right on rub. It means moving certain moving, rubbing a surface to move your hands on a service on a surface, moving your hand on a surface, your hand on a surface so we have rob and rub. Now, Rob, it's actually pronounced with the all sound that is longer in its length, so it's using this vowel sound, whereas Rub is using this vowel sound with the short rob right now. Two words. We have son and son again. It's really similar to rob a crop. Son is a longer all sound off son, and then we have sun, which is much shorter. So let's pay attention longer and shorter, longer and shorter. Sun, sun, sun, sun Um, another two words that I want you to pay attention to his breath, which is a noun, Your breath, that's your breath. And then we have breathe, which is the verb, so it can have a different pronunciation. As we go from a noun to avert, we have breath and breathe breath and breathe. All right, so that concludes the short vowel sounds. 5. Other Vowel Sounds: they will come to the next section. Guys, in this section we're gonna learn about other vowel sounds. There are five more bowel sounds that are not part of the long about sounds or the short vowel sounds. So we're gonna take a look at this five that you can see on the screen. Now what? We have the following sounds. We just want to get acquainted with how these symbols look like We'll go ahead and take a look at some words that look. We'll take a look at some words than have this pronunciation within. Now the first section is the boat sound. You sound thistles very short in its length and you will see it will see any awards like puts push foot look good And what you can see, the pronunciation is pretty short and you want you don't want to spend too much into it. Otherwise, it sounds like it Who so you want to be Oh, so really quick? Really fast. Now there is an English idiom that uses the word put in it called to not be able to put it past. Somebody put it past someone. What does it mean to not be able to put its past. Someone is meant to say that the person you're talking about is capable of doing something wrong is capable of doing something wrong or illegal. For example, if you are hanging out with your friends and your having lunch on one of your friends named Ah Peter, he goes ahead and finishes his lunch. But he doesn't throw his garbage out in the garbage can. He just leaves it on the table and your other friend looks at you and says, Oh my God, did you see what Peter did? And you can say, Yeah, I saw that. He I wouldn't put it past them. I wouldn't put it past them. I wouldn't put it past them. I wouldn't put the fact that he didn't put the garbage out past eso. It just means you know that he's capable of doing that. You've seen him do it before. It's not need to you, so you wouldn't put it past them in this section. We are looking at words that have a double O in them. As you can see, they have a double O in there. We have the soon the groom, the broom the bloom and the school. There are words that have a single you in them, like rule rule or ruler, right? This still has that you pronunciation symbol in there. The U pronunciation that's has the use on rule to rule or rule as in as a noun is just a law or something that people abide by. Um, Now pay attention to the fact that double O doesn't mean every word has a double or in it has the use on. It's just used to say that the sound who is represented by, uh, two letters Now this symbol is what we want to pay attention to. We don't really care about this at all over over the length of this course. As much as so, we care about the pronunciation of the use. And now the next section. We're looking at the all all it's a followed by W. It doesn't assuming every word that has A and W unit has this pronunciation it just hot. It's just used to represent this smell symbol that all sounds. You'll see it in words like raw. We have law. You have a dog frog cost and lost. You can see the pronunciation is different than just that. Aw, is it's you doing around your mouth worth the end with the all sound you sort of around in your mouth Warsi and so raw raw Um OK, so let's take a look at There is a cultural sound to the aw sound, which is used in Canada, mostly to express your feelings towards something that is cute, like a puppy or something. Or if somebody does something really nice to you, you can say, Aw, thank you. That's a cute puppy. Um, it's it's ah, it's if you want to sound obviously more North American, more Canadian, you You can always use this a w h sound. It's usually written as a wh aw, to, um, you know, express your gratitude towards something. The next section of the other ballot sounds we're looking at is the always sound. The voice sound is pretty common in most languages. Now we saw this symbol with the all sound again, but if there is a I capitalized I next to it, it sounds like oy. Now we see them words like boy me say them words like a toy. Join coin point Joint choice and voice so you can see the pronunciation of of this symbol with the capitals. I next to it looks Sounds like boy, the next section we're looking at is the house sound our sound Now this is represented by a a symbol of looking like a and a curvy you. Afterwards we see in wars like down crown frown drown mouth south amount and account Right ? So it mostly appears in the middle of award in the middle of a word that has a A and w sometimes Oh, and you you can see it appears in there Now there is an informal expression to try to cheer somebody up. You can always say turn your frown upside down Frown itself has a oh, and in there and then we have down at the end Turn your frown upside down Turn your frown upside down It means to stay positive. Be happy, you know, um, so that's a really good way to try to choose somebody up. OK, so let's do a little quiz here. So is there a difference in the pronunciation of the falling words? We have wood and I would wood and wood uh, let me let me use it in a sentence there. Let's see. There's some wood to chop up, right? And then we have. Would you past me, the South? How does it sound like there's some wood to chop up? Would you pass me some salt? They sound exactly the same. They actually use the same pronunciation symbol. Which pronunciation symbol are we talking about? Is the 1st 1 that we look, that it's the you sound. So we saw it in wood. Over here, we'll see it again towards the bottom in both wood and wood. Okay, so you can see the exact same pronunciation in both words. The next one we're looking at is the word root root root of a plant. You see it, It's associated with plans and then we have roots, which means wrote or a pathway or path. All right, roots. Alternatively, you can actually pronounce route as route routes, so route and wrote have the exact same pronunciation. But with the route, you can also pronounce it with a second route, meaning road or path. You can pronounce it as route, so you have two options you can choose the one that works best for you. There is not much difference in picking the one that you want. Um, so that basically concludes other vowel sounds. We're going to see you in the next section. 6. The Schwa /ə/ Sound: Hey, guys, welcome to the next section in this section. We're going to be learning about the Schwab sound. The shroud sound is the most common sound in the English language. It's very short and it's pronunciation. It's somewhere between a on and on, and it sounds like up on. We're going to see it in words that include the five vowels, A e i O and you. And we're going to see it in words that actually don't have the vow, Lyndon. But the Shroh sound is present, so let's go ahead and take a look at how it looks like. Now, um, you can see that the Schloss sound has a symbol that has and e looking shape and upside down E. On. Let's get started and see the first section in this section. We're going to see words that start with a and the Schloss. And now you have the word about about you can see. It starts with a really short a sound and then it starts of the board about We'll see them words like again, again, awake away. And now they're across abroad and amazing. Now you see, the Schroth sound is present in the beginning of every single word that we have here. Um, and it's really short, so you don't have to spend too much time on it. You know, it's a balance you just want to say about about really quick on really easy. Now let's take a look at the risks Awards. We have words that the show awesome is in the middle. You have the word like Marine Marine Parade parade. Now we can see the e I sound. It's a a sound we learned in the previous section and the long, well sounds we see here and parade parade. Then we have fanatic fanatic. We have the Schroth sound at the beginning the a sound in the middle in the middle and the e sound towards and so fanatic fanatic, you have fatigue paranoids. Now the show Sam is in the middle On the second a. You can see the 1st 1 Is that a sound as in in cats? And then we have the shroud sound and then we have the always sound towards the answer path . Paranoid, paranoid. Then we have the word parallel similar to paranoid, starting with the ah sound shrine, the middle and at the end, So parallel, parallel. Then we have neutral. So the show sound is on the eight towards the end of neutral and new starts with a loose on at the beginning. So we have to assemble your neutral neutral on Neural actually has the use. That's a neural mural and the Schloss sound towards the end. Another word. My favorite food is lasagna. Lasagna. So the schloss out appears on the first a and the second A as you can see here and then in the middle, we have and all sound all right here. So le za nia lasagna. So you can see the Schloss on this super quick And you don't want to spend too much time on If you want to make sure that you practice were this this sound? Ah, lot, considering the fact that it appears so much in the English language, a great way to do it again is putting these words into sentences and trying to say those sentences. A Zwilling, as you can see. Now, let's take a look at the next section. We're gonna look at the words that have the vowel e in them, but also have the Schloss sound. We have the word petites petites. Now you can see the e is taking on the Schwab sound We have petition petition, hyper, hyper snipe her Then we have celebrate now bear mind It starts with any sound Celebrate we have the Schroth sound in the middle And then a sound The long battle sound in there So le great celebrate Celebrate We have the word renegade Red No gate renegade. Now what does renegade me? Renegade means a person who leaves a political or religious belief behind and joins another group with a completely different view Or just completely changes the review to something else. Um an example could be a renegade priest A renegade priest means a priest believed in Christianity knee And then he decided that he doesn't believe in Christianity So he's a renegade priest. Uh, let's look at the next word. We have generation generation now it starts with the s sound Then we have the Schroth sound after the end and then we have a sound after the are so Jen We have no operation generation generation. Then we have the world problem problem. Now you can see the Schroth sound is on the e of the problem. And we have this awesome in the middle. So prob lem problem. The next word is enemy. It starts with a sound. Schloss, I'm in the middle and e sound i d n s. So you can see as you practice these wards, you see that all the vowels that we learned previously in all the words and that way you can practice. So you want to make sure that you go ahead and see all the wars that you've been struggling with, The words that you are sort of scared of pronouncing. You know, if you can actually search shows in the Oxford American Dictionary, you will see the pronunciation in there and you can rely on you know, the pronunciation symbols in there and as well as a speaker button you, I'll probably pull up on image of the website. You'll see that there is a speaker bun where you can press on it, and I will say on the word for you so you can practice the pronunciation in the dictionary . But as well as looking at the symbol itself Fantastic. Now an idiom that I think would be appropriate for the s sound is Theo Elephant in the room , The elephant in the room. Now the word Elefant has the straw sound ender. Ella Ella, event a Lafayette. So it's on the second Ian Elephants. Now, what is elephant in the room ing? Uh, it means a problem or a question that everyone knows about but everyone is avoiding. It's actually a great way to try to bring up a difficult conversation. So let's just say if there are two friends who are in a situation where something awkward as happened and they don't want to talk about it, maybe they said it in front of each other. And one of the friends is Hey, let's talk about the elephant in the room, the elephant in the room so that difficult topic that they don't want to talk about. OK, fantastic. Celestica, look at the next section. So these air words that have the eyebrow in them but are pronounced with the Schloss sound . So we haven't an award like President President. Now the Schloss on is actually present with the I sound and the e val in there. So present don't president. Then we have the word duplicate duplicate now bear in mind right after the L. We have the I and that's where we have the Schloss sound. So starts with the new sound do and then we have play And then we have Kate duplicate duplicate, and the next word is family Family. So it starts with a sound. Then we have the Schwab sound them You have the east and so fat We family family uh, next word. Fertility. Fertility. Now we have the trust on both on the E at the beginning and the last I in the words of fertility fertility Next, where we have is artifact artifact. Now we have it on the eye in the middle and we start with the and end with the S o r toe fact artifact artifact. Uh, another word that we have is nemesis Nemesis. Now the Schloss on appears twice both on the second e in the word and the last I are the only I in the word So nemesis, nemesis experiments, experiments. Now the Schloss sound appears on the I and also on the e So we hav we start with the e sound. We have the s sound after the p then we have to shore Sounds right after So we have expand . Ra meant experiments, experiments. Right. So that concludes this section The stick. Look at the next session. We are looking at words that have over how in there but have the sh rasanen but are pronounced with the Schloss on. So we have the word parrot parrot. So you can see it starts with the ah sound and then the o Sounds like shrub. So ah, parrot, parrot, Right Next one complained, complained So the old sound takes on the shore Sound complain similar to contain or communicate Communicate Now this is a difficult part of word to pronounce for some people So let's break it down and see how it looks like So we have the o sound and we have the Schloss on at the very beginning on the overall. Then we have d you sound so Commute, commune. And then we have another Schwab sound on the I right commune a community and then we have the a sound idea. And Kate Kate So, uh, um you know Kate Communicate communicate Fantastic. Similarly, we have the word condition of overall Schloss sounds. Bottom starts with the Ah, sound on the first hole. But then the 2nd 0 is the Schloss on bottom bottom? Next one is freedom. Freedom. Now the Schwartz on is on the whole right. And similarly symptom. Symptom. Symptom. We have the straw sound on the last section off symptoms symptom. Fantastic. In the section we're looking at the Yuval where three Yuval actually takes on the Schloss out. Let's take a look at these words. We have the word absurd. Absurd now or absurd. Absurd. The you An absurd is taking on the shrill sound similar to the A at the very beginning as well. So let's pay attention. We have the straw sound here and here. So absurd, Absurd Next word that we have is album album Now the you again takes on the shrubs Sound album campus campus So Schroth sound circumstance circumstance Now this is a pretty long word A lot of people have difficulty saying this word, so let's break it down. The eye is actually sort schloss sound. So we have served, sir. Then we have the u So the you is actually a Shaw sound again. So come, come circum circum. And then the next Now is the a sound right stance. Stance. Now let's put it all together. Circumstance, circumstance. So you can see the pronunciation of words that are very long becomes a lot easier once you break them down into different syllables and know exactly how those vowel sound like. Okay, so let's take a look at the next board. We have sufficient sufficient. It starts with a Schroth sound where the U is insufficient. Then we have support support. Some very similar to sufficient, in other words, is bullets bullet now, in this one, the E actually has the Schwartz. Okay, Fantastic. A useful idiom for this section. Could be bite the bullets bite the bullet. Now, what does bite the bullet mean? It means to decide to do something that is hard to do, something that you would rather avoid than actually do it. So here's an example. If I am afraid of flying, but I want to go on vacation than what I have to do, I have to bite the bullet. I have to get over that unpleasant fear of flying in order to go on vacation so I can say I had to bite the bullet. And finally get on the plane so I can go on vacation. Right? So bite the bullet by the But now this is the interesting part of the Schroth sound. The Schloss sound sometimes appears in words where there is actually no vowel in in in a word. But the shrill sound is there. So it usually has to do with words that end with I s m sunlike ism ism so words like alcoholism, alcoholism. Now let's big alcoholism down. So we know it starts with the ah sound. Then we have the Schwab sound right after the the sea. So the oh takes on the straw sound And then we have the all sound on the 2nd 0 so so far we have all and then we have call and a haw alcohol And then we have the e sound after Boy, this is a mouthful. And guess what, Right after the s right in between. There we have the Schwab sound, right. So then we have Zim Zim. So if you have to break it down from the beginning we have Al and then we have Karl Karl Karl and then huh alcohol, alcohol And then you have the Lee alcohol e after alcohol Lee. And then we have those them alcoholism, alcoholism. All right, so you can see we're breaking those long words down into simpler ones and seeing exactly how the show sound fits in there. Another word is criticism. Criticism again, you can see the Schloss sound is placing itself between the S and M. That has the zed zed, um, pronunciation. So it SSM ism ism. Another word is enthusiasm again. Pay attention to the end. We have the straw sound. There is no vowel here. What? We are putting the straw sound. Similarly, we have the word feminism. We have mechanism. We have optimism. We have rhythm, rhythm, right? And last one, but not least, SARC. Sarcasm, sarcasm. It starts with the ah sound. Then we have the awesome and in the short sound. So sore calf so sarcasm. Fantastic. Okay, so this concludes the section on the Schloss sound. The most common sound in the English language. Let's see you guys in the next section 7. The R Consonant: Hey, guys, welcome to the section where we're gonna learn about the our continent. So far, we have learned 16 different vowel sounds in the English language that has helped us immensely and how to pronounce a lot of different words. So now we're gonna do a little bit of cheating work, and we're actually gonna go learn a little bit about our continent before we continue the next of the vowel sounds. Now, the reason we are learning there are continents is because the next miles are gonna be combined with the AARP incident. So we'll give you some examples down the line. But let's get started with our son. Now, A lot of people can pronounce this constant pretty easy. The R sound. And you just put the put your tongue and, uh, Ruth up in the roof of your mouth and make the arsenal. So if this is the roof of my tongue, the tongue actually stays back here. When I say are so are are right. Remember when I put when I say the word, remember, the R is actually in the middle back on the top of my roof, so it's important to realize that in English language were not flicking. The are trying to actually think of some words in your own language. Where in your mother tongue Where, Uh, where you have the are and you roll your r and try not to actually ruled our when saying those words. Well, why don't we get started with doing some examples and see how it looks like Now, I actually want you guys to do a little exercise with me as people on So, um uh, and it's gonna be pretty simple. So we're gonna go ahead and actually go through all the vowel sounds that we learned so far . And what I'm gonna ask you to do is do two examples of words that have the are continent and as villas, the bowel sounds that we're gonna go through. So I have an example here first I have the word crazy for the a sounds that we first previously learned How ace looks like the symbol for the a sound. Now, crazy has a sound in the middle. I want you guys to go ahead and think of two more words that have that now during this whole videotape, feel free to actually pause the video and write down when you think would be appropriate. And make sure to check your words. If you're not sure on the Oxford American Dictionary Now, I'm gonna go ahead and read the rest of the words. I want you to go stop as much as you can and right the examples that you need to So in the next one is the e sound. Now we saw it. Has that, uh, you know, I symbol in there. We have it in the word read. Read. Next word. Next vowel sound is I. So I have it. We have any wars like fries, fries again. Another favorite food of my We have the word Rome where we have the old sound in there Rome , Rome, and you sound in room room. Great. So these were the long vowel sounds. We're doing a little recap exercise of all the vowel sounds that we've learned so far. So next section short. Well, sounds because Remember the short vowel sounds We had the sound off in a right, uh, as in the word met Mary Mary. Now we have the in a sound, so we have it in words like referee referee. So is the first e in referee. Then we have the e sound we have It ain reboots, so you can see even though it is written with the e vow, it is pronounced with this simple right. So next one, we have the ah sound in that we have it in. Sorry. Sorry. Then we have the short off sound in Run! Run! Right. So their mind This is a long Aw, where this is a short, uh, so awe and, uh, so sorry and run. Right. Okay, fantastic. So in the next section, we have the other vowel sounds. The other vowel sounds way Have the ward uranium uranium. Now where is the you sound? We have it here. Uranium. Then we have the new sound. We have it inward, like rude, rude in the middle. Then we have the aw sound, which you have to roll their mouth a little bit with this one. Raw, raw right? Then we have the oise sounds in Royal Royal and the a sound and rowdy. Rowdy. Okay, fantastic. Now that is the gist of the our continent. So you can try to practice it as much as you can and we're going to see you in the next section. Thanks so much 8. R Controlled Vowels: Hey, guys. Work on to the next section s. So far, we learned 15 or actually, 16 different model sounds in English language along with our continents. Now we're gonna look at R controlled vowels. Now, before we start, I just want to give you a little heads up that if dearing any of the lessons, there is a word that you do not understand. Please feel free to stop the video and actually check out the meaning of the ward on the Oxford American Dictionary along with its pronunciation. I'm There are going to be words that you may not be familiar with, that I may not actually give you the meaning off, so it's important to actually pause it and learn what that word means and make sure you don't miss out on it. Okay, great. So let's start with our controlled models. R controlled vowels are basically involves that end with er continent. Hence why we learn the are constant itself in the previous lesson. Now, um, there are five different categories off the R controlled vowels. So we're gonna go through each of these, But just just so you get for Miller's with the symbols you can see how they look like here . The 1st 1 is gonna have the are sounds. The next one is the or and then we have the air and then the here and then the your sound. So let's take a look at how they look like an actual words. Now first thing we have is the are sound. Our sound is appearing in words like car four. So far. Score bizarre. Are you sure? Are you sure this word actually does not have the R sound in its scenario? Then we have the word narcissism, narcissism. So it has the R sound at the beginning with narcissism. Now what is narcissism? Eat narcissism means to be in love with yourself. It's the idea of just loving yourself so much that you ignore everybody else. So narcissism is used to describe someone who is in love with themselves before we move on . I wanted to you know, the difference between the word bizarre and bazaar bizarre means something that is weird or unique or, you know, something working, and then bazaar Bazaar actually means where people go shopping. It's usually those streets full of shops in the Middle East or Africa or Asia. Eso those are called bazaar, whereas bizarre is what's used to say something is on or weird. Um, so the next section we're looking at the or sound or you're seeing awards like Ford. Four Board store, Floor Orange. Although alternatively, you can say orange, orange and not say orange. We have orchestra. Pay attention to the Schwann sound in orchestra. Then we have the word orthodontics orthodontics. Now let's break this word down because it's pretty loan. It starts with the or sound Or and then we have the Schloss after so Ortho. And then we have awe or third Daw. And then it ends with it. He's on orthodontics, orthodontics, orthodontics. Let's look at the next section. We have the air sound. Uh, obviously it is an award. Air and fair care hair stare, fairy American and Heritage heritage. So we have the air e. R. On the heritage. You can also pronounced heritage as heritage heritage. Um, OK, so that's the air sounds. Let's take a look. Next, we have the ear sounds. The year sounds, obviously in a word here itself, but we also have words like year fear near clear spirit Mirror irregular and then we have irrelevance at the very beginning, both irregular and irrelevant at the beginning. Now this. Let's break down the word relevance. Let's see how it's pronounced. So we have the ear years out of the beginning. Then we have the s sound ear era. And then you have the Schloss sound and another shot sound. So le, uh, love aunts love it. Irrelevant, irrelevant. You can see if you put it together. We have the year at Schwab shot. So year Elevens irrelevant. Fantastic. And then last but not least, we have your sound your sound. Obviously it isn't. Award your You have the tour. You have poor guru in the middle. Sure at the end. Cure furious. This is that towards the beginning. So pay attention to the few furious, furious, the Schwab sound at the end of furious and the word that is from a French background bourgeoisie. Bourgeoisie. So it starts with the er sound burr burr And then we have the boss, Angela Joie, and that ends with an e so bourgeoisie, bourgeoisie the word bourgeoisie means people from the middle class in this section we're gonna have a little fun with some some quizzes and I guess guessing exercise. So let's see, What's the difference in pronunciation of the words below? So we have toward boards. So we looked at it earlier in this lesson. We also have the word board. Okay, so we have board and board to the sound different? No, they're exactly pronounced the same board is an adjective to be bored. You know, you're tired of doing things in your board, and then we have the word bored, bored cardboard wars and a piece of wood that is aboard, basically, uh, and then we have the next word aboard aboard. It's basically exactly same as board and board. The 1st 2 wards were just adding a little Schloss out at the beginning. So we're making sound aboards. Come on aboard it. Basically, if you are getting on a ship or on a plane, you say, Come on board, get on the boats or get on the ship. Next word is broad. So completely different than the 1st 3 We have the b r and then also on broad, and then we have abroad abroad. It is similar to the previous word brought, but we're adding a little short sound on the A at the beginning, so we have abroad abroad. What is abroad mean? A bronze means outside the country. People ask you, where are your parents? You can say or they live a brought They don't live here. They live outside the country. Okay, fantastic. The next section We're looking at the difference of pronunciation of the following words. So, like, let's look at the word dear that has a e a in its So it sounds like deer. And then we have the word dear, which is the animal with two years with two e's in it. And it sounds exactly the same, dear. So how did you tell those words apart? You're asking yourself. Well, it has to do with the context of a sentence. If someone is talking to you and says, Oh, look over there. There's a dear Obviously they're referring to the animal. Just dear. Um, okay, and then exports we have here with the e A sound and here with the e or E. You can see the pronunciation again is exactly to the same similar situation. You have to look at the context of a sentence or a conversation to see which one is being used. So here, here. Great. So this concludes our section on the R controlled vowels. We're gonna learn a little bit more than the next session. Thank you, guys. And we'll see you in the next section. 9. Schwa + R-Controlled Vowels: What's up? Everyone in this section we're gonna learn about the R controlled vowels Now we learned about some R controlled vowels in the previous section. This time we're learning about R controlled vowels that are with the trust out. Now the Shroff sound, as we learned, is a sound that is short in his pronunciation. It's somewhere between a on E so and it sounds like up. And then we have our into its Are are her. Now we're going to see how this sound is used in different wards. Let's take a look and see how it looks like. So Schwab, plus our sound. Now this. Let's pay attention to the symbol we have the Schwall sound, followed by the are in there so we have it in boards like sent her center So we have the earth in there. Then we have the word fiber fiber. It ends with the Schwall, plus our sound pay attention. Fiber has ice on at the beginning, and then the Ursa you have the word. Consider her offer again. Schwann the end. Remember, remember September and computer and the word letter letter. Now let's break down the word September. Let's pay attention to how it looks like it has a a sound on the first E and then the second e is a sound again. But then the last e is the Schloss on straw. Plus are are so September September great. Let's look at another set of words that have the Schloss sound. Plus are we have the word dollar dollar cellular Cellular. So it starts with an E said and then Leah, Leah, Celia Lor Cellular Cellular Then we have the word culture, culture. You have the word future honor. Now we do not pronounce this h and this sounds like a also owner. We have the word behavior behavior. You have the word major senior Dr Monitor and Mirage Mirage. Now this has the shows on and our continent right after each other in the middle of the ward. Some mirage. What does the word Miraj means? Marriage means something that you see in a distance when you are in a desert and the weather is too, too warm. So sometimes there's an illusion that you see a body of water or something when you were in the desert, where something, something somewhere that super hot on that's called a mirage a mirage. A good idiom for this section would be feeling under the weather feeling under the weather . What is what is that idea mean? It means to not be feeling well to be feeling sick. You can use it in scenarios where you want to let anybody know that you are sick. For example, if you are sick and can't go to work, you tell your bus. Oh, I'm feeling under the weather today, So, um you know, I will take the day off. I'm gonna take the day off because I'm feeling under the weather under the weather. Great. So let's take a look at the next section. We are looking at you are you are now You are in a word, has the schloss sound. Now, this doesn't happen with every word that has the letters u N r and next each other. But most of the time you are sounds like her to show us up. Let's take a look. We have burned. You have burst. You have church. We have a curve hurt. Nurse occur shows on in the beginning as well occur. And then you have purchased purchase and then to short sound at the end of the word purchase on the eight purchase right so you can see it in words that have the you are in its there. More words. We have the word purpose. Purpose return, turn on urged. So at the beginning of the word urge urged a great idiom for the section would be to burn your bridges. What is burning your bridges means to burn a bridge and basically means Once you cross the bridge and you burn it, you cannot go back on the other side of the bridge. It is meant to say to ruin a relationship or something that you shouldn't be ruining because it is so hard to rebuild. So an example could be quitting your job if you quit your job without notice or abruptly and out of the blue than you're burning your bridge with the company they work for or with the boss or employee that worked for. So usually if they don't quit your job abruptly, you don't want to burn that bridge or another one is getting into a feud with your neighbors are getting into a feud with your neighbor is a bridge you don't want to burn, OK, so don't burn that bridge. You're gonna need average s. Oh, that's a good Indian to use in scenarios where you want to express yourself like that. So next section we are actually looking at the t use out now T by itself just sounds like t like a lot of times when there is a U after the t t is pronounced as chet in English language. Now chair is it's shown by this vowels not at all Constant symbol on obviously threatened sch. But in the pronunciation guide, you're gonna You're going to see this symbol often to pronounce chip. So let's look at some words that have t units, but are pronounced with the chest sounds. And we have the word century century now. Nothing. Centauri. I'm not using the t sound. I'm using the chair sounds I'm using century century, followed by the show. Awesome. You can see the symbol, the Chet symbol, followed by the Schwartz off we have the word fortune fortune again. We have the chair and the short sound you have habitual habitual. This is a chess on, but followed by the who sound habitual. And then we have the word. Actually, actually. So I'm not saying, Actually, I'm saying, actually, so we're putting the chair sound in there again. So you got to see this a lot in the English language with a lot of different wars that have t followed by you in it. Great. So let's look at some words that actually use the Schwartz sound and use the chit sound. So we have the word culture culture feature. You have creature future nature, picture structure and miniature meaning. Sure what his miniature needs it means taking something that's very small. So, for example, a miniature car means a car that's a toy size cop. A car. A toy size car is a miniature car. Um, so let's take a look. So in this section, we're gonna look at some, uh, words and see how they differentiate in their pronunciation. So we have the word amateur amateur. So what is amateur mean? Amateur means someone who is not professional and amateur baseball player is a baseball player that is not in a professional league, right? So someone who's not professional, um, amateur, then you can see we have the t u R. But we still have that Chet Sounder. Similarly, we have the word adventure adventure, so we have the t U. It's starting to sound like ch again. Similarly, we have the word lecture lecture, same scenario to you. Sounds like ch check, fracture, fracture and last but not least, couture. And then this is super misleading because we do have t you. And then we have the r p E. This is a pretty simple, similar trend and all these words that we looked at, but that the worker tour actually means a fashion piece o R design item that is based on fashion or the material that is used for making a fashion item. So couture couture it's not, could sure use could tour Great. So this concludes our lesson. Super excited for the next lesson. We're going to see you guys there. Thank you so much and we'll see you in the next lesson. 10. Voiced Consonants: Hey, guys will come to this section. We're going to be learning about continents now. We have three different kinds of continents. We have the voice, continents, we have the invoice constants and we have other continents. So we're going to start off with a voice. Continents now bear mind continents, Uh, or the letters that are not bells. So anything that is not a e i o or U, and a majority of the languages in the world actually include three continents in the English language. We are going to go through a list of these continents and we're not necessarily going to be practicing any words that include the continents, but try to focus on tongue twisters. Now what? Our tongue twisters, tongue twisters are sentences that have repetitive letters in the words therefore making it difficult toe actually pronounce the sentence. So therefore, twisting your tongues of their tongue twisters We are not going to go through every single a tongue Twister butts. I'm going toe have a document available for you in this lesson, which you can download or transfer to your phone at some point. If you like to practice the tongue to assist this is a great way to actually get your pronunciation going with the vowels with the constants that we're going to learn. So let's get started first. We're looking at voice continents, So voice continents are the continents that use the vocal courts. When we are pronouncing concepts when we are making this sound for that letter. So vocal cords are used in the pronunciation of B d G, g s and get. And then we have J as in Jit and L m n. Now n G is actually just a nasal sound foreign, which is, and we're gonna get a little bit more into it than you'll see it in words like building or young. Um, we'll see. We're gonna practice the our continent. We've already learned that one. We're just gonna do a little tongue twister on that one, and then we have the sound in that or there and then we have V. W Y and set. So let's get started with the tongue twisters now with the tongue twister with the B constant and in it. And this is how we usually start with the tongue to us. There's first, let's understand what actually a tongue twister means or what this tongue twist their means ? Uh, let's break it down. So the 1st 1 is who bits the bolt bolt there. Now, what does bids mean? So bits is the past tense of bites, so we know what that means. And then we have bold, bold means, not fearful or somebody who's bold is somebody who doesn't have any fears. Ball basically means hairless, and we know what a Barry's. So who bit the bold bald bear on the shoulder on the boulder and made the bolt ball there on the Boulder ball. Now what does Boulder mean? Boulder means a piece of rock in a piece of large rock, And then we have the word ball ball. What this bombing a means to shout or scream as a result of pain. So let's read the tongue twister in a very slow form at the beginning, and then we'll pick up the pace later on as we practice. So who bits the bold, bald bear on the shoulder on the boulder and made the bolt bone there on the boulder ball so you can see starting slow is actually easy, but the idea is to pick up the speed as we go on and have a little bit more, um, you know, speed into it. So, ah, idea. You want to get to a point where you say it as fast as you can without making any mistakes in the pronunciation of the whole phrase or sentence. So who bit the bold ball there on the shoulder on the boulder and made the bolt bolt there on the boulder ball? Right. So you want to make sure you're comfortable saying that and it doesn't require you way too much effort to say so it takes time, but the idea is to get you started with practicing this. Now, the be sound to be constant is obviously available in majority of languages out there. But the idea is to pronounce, pronounce it in the English language in a really comfortable way. I'm gonna leave the 2nd 1 for you guys to practice when you need to again. There is a pdf available that you can download and practice the tongue twisters as you go on. So the next section we're gonna learn about silent beats. Now there are certain words in the English language that are silent silent, so we do not pronounce them. We have the word bomb now. The being bombed, the one at the end is actually not pronounced. So we do not say bomb. We see bomb. Similarly climb, climb or the word debts. Debts. This is something that's very popular among English as second language speakers who do pronounce the B depth. This is wrong. You want to say debt debt? No being in the middle. Then we have the word doubt and subtle, subtle and the word lamb Lamb ends without a B. It's just ends with an M plan. Great. So let's look at Ah, a tongue twisters for the D constant. Now, this is a funny one because there's a lot of doctor in it. Uh, now let's get this started and first try to understand what it means. So when a doctor gets sick and another doctor doctors them So in this, in this scenario, we know this is a verb, and this is a noun, right? So when a doctor gets sick and another doctor doctors, I'm not doctoring in terms of a verb means to take care of someone to Dr someone to take care of them, right? So let's see what it says after. Does the doctor doing the doctoring have to doctor the doctor the way the doctor being doctored wants to be doctor. So basically, it's asking, um, the doctor that is doing the doctoring. Should they be taking care of that doctor the way the doctor that is being doctor wants to be taking care off. Right. So, uh, that's the first part of the sentence. So hopefully so far you understand what is going on now in the second section were doing the opposite scenario. Does the doctor doing the doctoring off the doctor, Doctor, The doctor as he wants to do the doctoring. Okay, so we have two doctors, one of the mistake. The other one is taking care of the other ones. So should he take care of it? And the way he should, he thinks, is the right way. Or should he take care of the doctor the way the doctor that is sick wants to be doctor. So you can see this is a funny tongue twister. So the idea is, let's let's start slow and read the whole thing and see how it sounds like. So when a doctor gets sick and another doctor doctors him. Does the doctor doing the doctoring have to doctor the doctor the way the doctor being doctored wants to be doctor? Or does the doctor doing the doctoring off the doctor? Doctor, the doctor as he wants to be, do the doctoring. You can see my tongue is twisting as we going on. Now take your time with this one first trying to understand exactly what it means and then try to practice as you go on. Now in the SEC next section me after G sounded get sound. Now, um, there is too simple tongue twisters in there. We have Granny's Grey Goose goes last grannies Grey goose goes last. Want to make sure you repeat that a couple of times, But I want you to pay attention to the fact that we have certain words in the English language where the G is not pronounced. It is completely sign it silent. We haven't inward like champagne design sign and foreign, so you can see we do not pronounce the G at all in any of these words. So pay attention to those when you're reading books or when you're reading something out loud. We also have words that have the silent GH Obviously a word like eight, which is the number eight or lights night strength through way and wait right. We do not pronounce the G at all in these words. So pretty simple to keep in mind. And with this one's next we have the Jason. So this is the jit sound where you'll see it in a lot of different languages. Now the 1st 1 is the one I recommend you actually practice the most. But just to give you an example, the 2nd 1 reads as a gentle judge judges justly Now what does that mean? So in this scenario, gentle, it obviously comes from gentlemen's gentlemen, you know what that means? And then we have the word judge somebody who you know is in the legal jurisdiction and is the educator someone who decides what is right or wrong and judges in this sermon in a form of the verb. So we haven't known here over. And this is an adverse so adverb of justly What is that going to be just means to be righteous, to do the right thing, John, judging justly means to judge in the right way in a in a fair way, to be fair. Right? Great. So we have another one in the El Naam, and I'm going to read this one. I'm gonna let you guys practice it on your own, but I want you to pay attention this silent, silent hell. Now we have it in award, like talk or walk. You're going to see a lot of silent L in the English language desert. Just two simple examples. So pay attention to wards that do have a silent Ellender. Another one is m sound. Similarly, I'm not going to get into this one. I'll let you guys practice as you need to just bear in mind. What does mummy means? The mummies, Um, the humans back in the pyramid era where you know, ancient Egypt, when they used to mummify people in order to preserve them for thousands of years. So Mommy's air preserved bodies of ancient pharaohs of the Egypt. It does exist in multiple other cultures, but Egypt, it's probably where it is most known for. Next we're looking at the end sound. Now this one is a little bit funny because we are looking at the ward night in this one That nights is a Is a soldier back in the, um, Renaissance era nights? I guess you are probably familiar with what a night is now. This is a funny tongue twister because it does use the word 90 night 99 means to say good night. It's a It's a way to say connects. We have 90 Night Night said one night to the other night. So there are two nights that are saying good night to each other, and that's the whole idea of this time Twisters. I let you guys go ahead positivity you if you want to read it and practices as you need to . But this one is a really good one. I suggest you guys, um, exercises as much as you can. And we also have words in the English language where the end is actually silent. So we have it in the ward. Autumn. Now, the word autumn is actually British. It is not much used, um, in Canadian English assed, much as it is used in the British English. So, um, we do we do tend to say the word fall more often if you want to refer to that season. Autumn is the British way, but we do use in that bear in mind. The end is silent. We do not say autumn, you say autumn just with a M a D n. Similarly, we have the word column. Call him no end at the end and him him is just a song that they sing in church or it's coming in the gospel uh, sound so next We're looking at this nasal and sound. Now this is the one that is a little bit tricky, but it is really common in any verb that ends with I N. G. So it's the present verb that we use to describe an action that is currently happening. So in a word, like creating, creating now I'm not saying the GMD, and I'm actually just sort of ending it with a nasal and sound. I'm saying creating, creating right there is a little pause it, Ian, But I'm not saying that, G. So let's see. We also have the word finding, finding, and then we have spending spending and the word building building, right. You're gonna see this word and pretty much anything that ends with the I N g any anywhere that ends with the Angie. Now we also have words that don't end with I n g and have that Maazel and sound. So certain words have this, um, ng's in this nasal sounds. What? We're going to see it in words like young Young. But if the word is his adjective and you want to change it to a different derivative of its own, for example, young and then we say younger. So I am actually pronouncing the G at this point when I say younger, but young by itself, I'm not pronouncing the g m, letting nasal and bto and nasal and be the ending for that word young. And then when I'm saying younger similarly, we're seeing long and I'm saying longer, longer, long, longer, long, longer, strong, stronger. I'm pronouncing the G that So, um, you'll see this in majority of words that end with an N G. So young, long, strong you'll see in more words that end with Andy. So keep that in mind that next section we have that are now we've learned about the our continent as we're learning about vowels, cause we had fouls that ended with a R R controlled vowels specifically now let you guys actually practice the's on your own and, you know, take your time in understanding exactly what they mean. End with very slowly and begin next. We have the sound. Now this is a pretty common sound that is mistaken by the fifth or a D sound. Now, this is actually somewhere between a thin, thin and a D, as in diamond, and it sounds like so. Basically, you are putting your tongue in between your upper and lower teeth and making the fair sound . But it's more of a d. So were saying that in a word like that, that right so you'll see this really weird looking symbol in there. I I haven't in red in there as well. Now we have the word there, and they're right. And then we have the word Those, though rob there with their broad there, fed there, lead there and rhythm. I'm saying it pretty slow, but if I'm going to say faster, it actually slightly sounds like a d. So if I say that, that that right over there, so you want to get the speed higher as you go on with getting familiarized with this sound now the next constant. Actually, before we get to the next constant, we're looking at some words and see how they differentiate in the pronunciation. So we have the word there, and then we have the word there, and then we have the word there, so they almost sound exactly the same. Now, sometimes you must be asking, Oh, how do I know which one is actually getting used again? Look at this context of a sentence or the context of a conversation, so you understand what they mean. So here's an example of how we can use thes three wards and see how which one is getting used where so we have we have an example where there's a conversation between you and I and let's see how it sounds like. So Josh and Marcy are standing over there and I say where and you say There, There, there, over there, that's the idea. And then I say, Oh, I don't see them Where? And you say there, there with their bags. They're they're with their bags. Right? So this is a scenario where we're using all three words, and you can see they sound pretty much exactly the same. It's the context of a sentence that allows you to understand which word is actually being used. Fantastic. And then we have the V sound. Similarly, unless you guys actually practice on your own, just just bear in mind. There is a huge difference between making the V sounds for example, Viktor and the w sound, which is the next one we're gonna learn which you round your mouth As you start to see the dummy starts a wild wild right here as Victor. I'm just opening my mouth and putting the teeth at the front off the bottom lip. Victor Victor and I'm saying Wild, wild. So you want to around your mouth when you are saying to w words. So we have some tongue twisters with the deli award, so let's take a look at the 1st 1 If two which is watched two watches, which which would watch which watch. Now that's pretty funny. So first, let's understand. What is that which we know what a, which is somebody who cast the spell inviolable, huh? Now that this is the verb bought watch and two watches. This is the watch as a noun. So this is a verb that we have the Now, if two witches watched two watches so to witches are looking at two watches. Which which Which of the which is so right pay attention to this one. These two are exactly sound the same. Which and which exactly sound exactly the same. I would watch which watch. Okay, so there two people looking at two watches. Which one is looking at? Which watch, right? So that's the idea. Now we understand what it means. Make sure you take your time to actually practice this and say faster. So let's see how it sounds like if two witches watched who watches, which which would watch which watch. Okay, great. So then we have some boards in English language where the W is silent, for example, right? Or who or whom you know. So there are a lot of words that w is silent. Usually they are the words that are used at the beginning of a question. Okay, great. And one of the final sounds is the y sound pretty common in most languages as well. Now we got to pay attention to words that actually don't have the why continent in the word But it is pronounced with a wide constant. Now we have a series of examples years, for example the word accumulate. Now it starts with a Schroth sound. Then we have the why sound even though there is no why and accumulate. So pay attention. We have the word Then we have the word Cuba. Cuba, right? We have a wine there even though there is no why they're right. Cuba or the word distributes distributes distribute. You'd so another Why is where the U s or stimulate? Stimulate. So this is a Shroff sound right after the y so stimulate and then we have the word Nephew, Nephew. Now this ends with you sound so you nephew, nephew or similarly, the word Matthew. Matthew. Okay, great. So that's the y sound. Finally we have those that sounds so take your time with also practicing this one. This is this should be pretty simple in in pronunciation But this concludes the lessons for the continents and practicing the continents in tongue twisters. Take your time. Start slow, pick up speed Make sure you understand what it means and that's all. Thank you guys seeing the next section 11. Unvoiced Consonants: Hey, guys, walk on to the next section. We're going to be learning about a new voiced constants Now on voice continents opposite to voice concepts. Do not use your vocal cords as you pronounce the letters. Now, most of these letters again are present in majority of the languages out there. And I'm not going to get specific into the details of how to pronounce the letters. But we're going to be using again some tongue twisters in order to get comfortable with the pronunciation of these constants in the English language. So let's get started so you can see the constant symbols that we have in the English language. For these sounds, we have the s sound, The shit sounds we have that sounds e it's a t, followed by the sheer sounds. So it sounds like chair. Then we have the f k that p a t. And we're gonna get a little bit into the sound as an in thin. So in the first section we have a tongue twister with the S sound. Let's get started and see if there's anything that we don't understand. So Sam's shop stocks number. The stock mean stock means to have an inventory to put the items in the back of the store to stock it, that that's what stocking means. So Sam's shop stocks short spotted socks so we know what short socks means. Spotted is basically a pattern, so patterns with dots on its spots on its spotted socks. So Sam's shop stocks short spotted sucks. That makes sense. That makes sense, and you can start slowed just the way I said it. Sands shop stocks short spotted socks and practice a little bit. And make sure you can save comfortably and faster as fast as you can say it. Okay, so in English language, we have words that have a silent s in it. Now the ward I'll I'll You're going to see this word a lot when you go grocery shopping. So the word I'll basically refers to the to the rose inside of a shopping or a grocery store where you go to pick up food items. So there I'll number one. I'll number two. This is usually how grocery stores it first with the word island as well done does not pronounce the S, and it's so Island island. The next one is the shit sound. Now, I have some examples in there for you. You feel free to positivity or town on the pdf that's available to practice those tongue twisters. But meantime, we're going to be learning about words that have two SS in them, but sound like, uh, the S h sound. The shit sounds. So let's take a look. The word commission does not have shh in there, but it sounds like it does. So you can see the pronunciation symbol is right there. The word depression again. It has the shift, sound discussion, expression, impression and professional professional, right. It has the share sound. So to esses could sound like shit. Another set of words that takes on two ships sound is worse than half the t i o in the t i o award like action, action or assumption four condition or variation Variation again U c t i o n. Sounds like Shen shen. Uh, another set of words include t i a and sound like she s a t i a. The word essential essential initial initiative, right initiative. So it's somewhere in the middle. Partial partial, substantial, substantial now potential. Now bear in mind majority of these words after the share sound, there is no vowel. It goes straight to the next constant award like action. I am not putting between any vowels between the Shia and the end sound action action or the word essential. I'm just going from shit toe l essential essential greats. Now the next section we're looking at the chit sound. Now we've seen this This sound previously in the lone well sound where t you continue to differ in pronunciation and started to sound like Chet. So, for example, the word structure structure. It's a t u r e, but it sounds like China. I have some, um, tongue twisters in here. I'd like I'd like to you to practice it on your own time when you can just make sure that you take a look and understand exactly what they mean. Now, as I was referring, there are words in the English language where t you sounds like chest. So the word adventure. I don't have a chain there. I have a t you and it sounds like a check or the word culture feature Fortunate furniture future and picture natural situation situation so you can see this trip symbol is present in majority of these words. And if there is any word that you're unsure of, make sure you go on the American Oxford Dictionary and check out the pronunciation symbols for it. See if it actually does include a chip or it has just the T sound. Under the next one is the F sound. If some again present in majority of the languages, you're probably familiar with it. It does appear weirdly in wards where we have a G H in there now. A word like cough is not pronounced as cog. It's cough, so we are pronouncing it as a F or the word enough laugh, laughter. Rough and tough. So bear in mind sometimes O U G h sounds like off off, So pay attention to the vowel as well here, so it sounds like off cuff rough. Tough right now, the rough and tough they're short in their pronunciation, whereas cough, you are taking your time with the ah sound. So cough rough tough, you're It's much shorter in the US And so, um, let's take a look. Sometimes pH sounds like the f sound, a word like atmosphere or face philosophy for loss If you actually uses Ph twice. Phonetics Exactly what we're learning. Photograph uses pH twice and sounds like F the word phrase, phrase and physical or the word telephone. Telephone. Right so you can see Ph. Sounds like you have. Sometimes GH sells a calf, so just pay attention to the ones that you've learned now the kit sound the kiss and it just sound. And the symbol looks like ah, small K uh, now a lot of words in English language uses both See or K in the letters in them. See is most often also shown with the K sound in the pronunciation symbol. Just do not confuse anybody. There is only the case sound to pronounce the kept, So we see it in a different number of words. A word like cup or coffee or copper are just using the C letter, but they sound like Ket, so just bear that in mind. So in English language, we have silent case your word words like knife obviously or knee or the word no. Or we learned in the previous less in the world night with the K and I G. H T Knight, right that also has a silent K in the beginning. Sometimes CH, which sounds like Chet, is pronounced with a kit, a word like H aches. You'll seen an award like Stomach Ache as the K Sound Archive archive chaos, chemical psychology and stomach stomach. Right, so you can see sometimes ch sounds like a so pay attention to these warrants. Make sure you understand where they come from. Now the P sound is one that is sometimes not present in a bunch of different languages. Now P is, you know, it's the pet sound, which almost sounds like it be, but you're sort of letting the air come out a lot faster, right? So we have it in words like popular, popular. Now this is an interesting word. Why? Because it does have that all at the beginning and to shore sounds. The U includes a why in there. So we know how to pronounce it so popular, popular or the word parallel parallel. Now this is sometimes a difficult word for a lot of people to pronounce. For me specially, it was really hard to pronounce when I first learn English. Now, parallel starts with that ass sound so we're gonna break it down path. And then we have the Schloss on rock. And then we have the S and Lele power. Oh, well, Parallel. Parallel. You can start practicing it, Aziz. You speed up. So it's important to start very slow. Speed up, speed up and get comfortable. And then the word parking parallel parking parallel parking basically is when you're backing into a parking that is parallel to where you are. So I'll put in a picture. Just do make sure you understand. What parallel parking meets. Okay, so in the next section, we're gonna look at the T sound. Now, this is the tea is in just the tip. So T has different pronunciations in the English language. We're going to start off with the easy one. Just the test sound. Uh, we have it in a tongue twister that I have here. So 20 the to 22 train, so to 22 is basically referring to. And number 2 22 to 22. The 2 22 train tour through the tunnel, not tour is the past tense of tear as a verb. Right. The to 22 train tour through the town to tear through basically means to go super fast to go super fast through the tunnel. The 2022 train tour through the tile. So, uh, it's a really good one to practice to get used to the T sound. Now in the English language, we have words that have the tea continent but are silent award like Castle Castle does not have the T pronounce or the word. Listen, listen, we don't say list 10 we say Listen or often often, although sometimes I have heard when you say often he can pronounce the TNC. Often it's very common in different accents across North America to pronounce the T, but generally we do not finance city in the word often now. Last but not least, is the fit sound. This is the one that a lot of people have difficulty pronouncing now that is nothing like a s, and it's nothing like a T. But it is somewhere in between. But the most important part of pronouncing that is putting your tongue behind your teeth and in between the upper and lower teeth, right. You don't want to bring it front. You don't want it to pass the teeth, but you wanted to sit behind it. If so, when you are saying thin, thin, the tongue is hitting the back of the teeth and its in between the upper and lower teeth. So let's see how it sounds like in different words. Now we have the word theme theme theory. Theory. Therapy therapy 13 13 1,000,000 Thursday Thursday Breath, breath death, Death depth Depth is a difficult word because we are having a constant followed by continents, api and in a th depth depths. Earth, Earth athlete, athlete ethic, ethnic hypothesis, hypothesis. Now this is a pretty difficult for it. Let's break it down so that why actually doesn't sound like it. Um Ah, sound like a E. But it sounds like I so you can see the valve right here high. And then we have the paw, and then we have a short sound with the first sound so ther and then you have sets sets with a straw sound in the middle. So let's pay attention to all the vowels in the middle. So we have high par the cysts, hypothesis hypothesis and then we have the word mathematics, mathematics. So you have the th year. Similarly, Here it Let's break it down. We have the r sound me of the shore sounds. You have the ah sound again. And then we have the e sound. So Matha ticks. Mathematics, mathematics. Okay, fantastic. So dis concludes the lesson with the unveil Wisconsin INTs. We're going to see you guys in the next lesson and learn a little bit more about the other continents that we have in the English language. Thank you guys, seeing the next lesson. 12. Other Consonants: Hey, guys, welcome to this new lesson. We're going to be learning about other continents in the English language, So let's take a look. So we have the H sound and the T sound that is somewhere between T and D. And then you have those that age, which sounds like Jesus on Let's get started. See how they look like now for the H constant. And we have it in wards like honey or hollow, your whole hefty and horrible or horrible. So the difference between the two, these two with the word horrible is that one has the all sound the A W sound. Whereas this one is just an typical long Austan. So you can say horrible or we can say horrible. We can say horrible or horrible. So it's possible to say the both ways of H now with the H sound. A particular thing is the fact that H is often silent in words like honor. Now we're not saying hahner were saying honor were saying the word rhythm. We do not say really him with them. That would sound very odd rhythm. Then we have the ward time. We do not pronounce the each other ways, they would sound like a fair. So we're saying time and words like Win what's or you know, um, why we do not pronounce the age or the word of white white. It has the I sound in the middle white, so age can be silent in the English language. Then we have this sound that it's somewhere between a tea and a D, so you'll see it in words like city. So let's break down How, this word or how Let's break down how this sound is meat, so the tea is sounds almost like a D, but you are flipping your tongue almost like you are and saying City City, it sounds like a D, but you're flipping your tongue like an are so city city you have toward witty. We have the ward water. We have the ward writer title bottom A little metal butter, better bitter batter. So what does the word batter Batter basically means the mix that you use for a cake. So when you makes egg milk and flour together to make a cake, it's called batter. Before you cook it, it's a batter. Once you cook it, it's a cake right now, you can see this sound is very common in the English language. Where we're going to do is that we're going to spend some time on a tongue twist there in order to master the sound. Let's see how this tongue twister looks like it is called Betty Butters Batter. Now Betty is this is a name. Butter is her last name. Now this is Bader butter, so you're taking the all you taking your time with all you're saying, butter. It's not butter, as in the food butter but butter, as in the last thing butter. And then batter is the cake mix, as we described earlier. So Betty Butter bought some butter, so she bought some butter. But she said, the butter's bitter, so now her butter's bitter. So let's see what happens, she says. If I put it in my batter now puts it usually received faster, we say. Put it, put it. If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter better. Makes sense if you put the bitter butter into the batter and makes the batter bitter. Okay, now, but a bit of better butter that would make my batter better. True, if she puts a better ingredients in her batter, it would make her batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. Great. So she took out the butter swapped ID with a butter that is not bitter, and obviously the batter started. Tasted tasting. Ah, lot better. So let's see how it and so it was Betty Bit s. You can see it's a tongue twister after all. So it was better. Betty Butter bought a bit of better butter, so the conclusion it is, it was better. That's Betty, but another ingredients that was not better. So you can see this is quite a mouthful, but I can guarantee you if you can practice this slow and speed up as you go on with practicing, you will master the sound in no time. OK, so we're going to practice this a little bit faster and see how it would sound like once you are comfortable with the pronunciation of this tongue twister. So let's see, Betty Butter bought some butter, but she said the butter's bitter. If I put it in my batter. It will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter that would make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter. And she put it in her batter and then And the batter was not bitter. So it was Betty, So it was better. Betty Butter bought a bit of better butter. So you can see I am making mistakes in even saying this tongue. Twister. It is okay to make mistakes. It is part of the whole challenge. You are supposed to make mistakes. You are supposed to fail in saying this and because this is difficult and it is not even meant to be used on a day to day discussion in the English language. But it is what helps you with mastering the sound of that. Right? So let's take a look at the next section. We are learning the jet sound. We're going to see this sound appear in a lot of different wards. Now we've seen in a word like measure Pleasure. Usual visual conclusion. This is the s again confusion. That s sounds like a jet decision. The S sounds like, use your occasion Beige. Now, this is a G is actually G. It sounds like a beige Beige is the color and the word massage. So you can see both G and s most commonly in the English language turned into azure. Sounds interesting. So this was a pretty short lesson. Hope you guys enjoyed it. We're going to see you in the next section. Thanks so much. 13. "..ough" Pronuciation: Welcome back, everyone in this section we're gonna learn tricky pronunciations in the English language now broken into two sections One section we're gonna focus on ou GH words that include ou GH in them in the second section We're gonna do a recap off the different pronunciations off the tee continents. Um, so let's get started in this section. We're going to focus on words with O u G h in them. Now, I haven't list here on the screen where how u g h can be pronounced in different wards. Now we have it like aw off Oh, oh, off and do so let's see how this pronunciation comes into play with different warrants. Now the first thing we're gonna focus on is the all sound. Now we have it in award like thoughts. Now ou GH sounds like aw so thought or thoughts the past tense of by saw its the past tense of Sikh ought ought to ought to. Now what does ought to meet ought to is a verb that is exchangeable with the word may so you can you can say I ought to go to the mechanic to fix my car. I may go to the mechanic to fix my car. Um, now the word fought, which is the past tense of fights. Now, thoughts is the past tense of fights. A good idiom in the English language is fight your own battles, Fight your own battles. What does that mean? Fight your own battles. It means to do something without anyone's help. So an example could be, uh, very simple. We have someone named Juan and one stopped getting help from his friends for his homework and started fighting his own battle. So when you stop getting help from someone, you start fighting your own battles. Another one with the word battle is pick your battle or choose your battle. Eso. This idiom actually refers to not participating in little things that add up to nothing but rather focusing on the battle that makes most amount of sense doing the task that has the highest amount of productive ity. For example, if you have a lot to do in one day on, you come up to a colleague and say, Oh, men, I have so much do your colleagues that can say Pick your battles or choose your battles. Pick the task that has the highest return off time investments. So I do think that makes the most amount of sense Fight, not find your battle, but pick your battles, Choose your battle and not not is a word that's no longer actually used in English language . But you will see it in the old, uh, English novels or fiction nonfiction old books. You're going to see it there. So the next section we're looking at the pronunciation of off in or U G h. We have it in a word, like tough enough and rough so you can see ou GH Now it sounds like up next one, we have the aisle sound So we have the word droughts, droughts or you change the word plow plow. Now Plow actually has two different ways of writing The plow with the O. U G h is the British way of writing Plow and the plow with the P. L. O. W. Is the American way to write it now, which why which one is the right way to write it in Canada? I don't think it matters at this point, but we have a tendency to stick with the American way of writing the word plow. Okay, now we're going to look at the word Bao Bao. So what is the word? Bombing bow? It basically means a large branch of a tree. If you have a tree One of the biggest branches out there, it's called about. Um Now we're gonna look at the next section We got out at the Osan. Oh, sound So we got it in words like though and dough bear mind This is with a soundless is where versus this one with a d sound dough. So what is domain Dough basically means what you make to the mix of flour and yeast and everything that is used to make bread. So dough is cooked to become Brett and then you have the word doughnuts. Doughnuts can also be returned with a D o and U T. And U T doughnut. If I can write this properly, the word doughnuts right. And then we got the word thorough. Thorough. You have Osan or borrow, borrow, borrow refers to then jurisdiction of a municipality or a small town, usually to say the borough of a town, a borough of a small city. Um then we have the pronunciation of your ou GH as off off. We haven't an award like cough or truffle. What is trough mean? Trust is basically the tray or that container in which animals inside a form drink water out of so, um, it za metal continual. Put a picture up so you can see exactly how it looks like That's called a truffle. Next we're looking at or U G h as in you sound. So we're going to see in a word, like through through to go through to come through, um, a ah phrase over. But that is often used with the through sound is pushed through, pushed through. So what does the word push through mean? It needs to get a new to get a new law or a new plan officially accepted. So, for example, the hospital is ruling out new policies for scheduling or something they can say. The hospital has, uh, pushed through new scheduling policies for the doctors, so push through means to, you know, make sure a new plan is accepted across an organization or or institution. So we also have the word pull through. So you have pushed through and then pull through means to actually overcome something that is difficult. An illness or a difficult event. Tragedy in life, you can say unexamined like Mary. Despite her old age, I was able to pull through after her accidents. Right? Mary got into an accident. She's old on and she survived it. She pulled through. So to survive, to come through a difficult time or tragedy or events. This is it for this session. Thank you guys, for being here. We're going to see you in the next section. 14. Different Pronunciations of T: Hey, guys, welcome to the new session. We're going to be learning about different pronunciation of T. Now, this is a recap of what we've learned so far. So if you are confidence in your pronunciation of different types of teas, I suggest you actually skip this lesson or, you know, scroll fast through it just to get a recap of what we learned so far. This is for the people who are still struggling with the different pronunciations of teas and want to solidify their learnings for this pronunciation off the continent. So let's get started. So s so far we learn about different pronunciation of tea. We saw it t by itself, just the Tet sound. And then he had the tea that we're somewhere between a tea and a d and it sound like that. And we ruled that all our When we said it s O award like City City, it sounds like a T, but we are rolling the tongue on. Then we have the tea with the chit sound. We're going to side an award like structure on. Then we have the tea with a global stop Global stop is something that we did not previously learnt, but it is useful. If you want to say words the way a Canadian would usually say It's next. We're gonna look at th with the sound as into that or there. And then we have the teacher, as in that sound within the thin or thinner. So let's get started now. We have the normal pronunciation of tea or we haven't an award like attach attach. Now the teas, they're the word talk. Talk starts with a T. The word technology technology or the word maritime maritime maritime. So T this is the normal t. You'll see it with this symbol and it won't be anything else out of that. So then we have the tea that was somewhere between T and D and ruled the tongue as we said it. So the word better, better little little letter matter pattern, brittle computer and the word daughter daughter. Right. So we got better little letter matter pattern Brito computer and daughter, right. So you can see the pronunciation of this symbol is very much focused on saying a quick d that is with a flank of a tongue. The next section we're looking in it to you as the chit sound chair. Sound looks like this thing where it was a t followed by the shit sounds. So it sounds like ch chet. You have it in a word like adventure Fortunate furniture creature future picture, natural and situation situation. Right. So again we see it in the English language often Where tur e sounds like chur tur Some sounds lecture as well. So or sometimes t u as in situation. Sounds like chew. So situation. Okay, so next we have the global stop now global stump is a little bit more advanced in the pronunciation. You won't see the clonal stop in the pronunciation guideline of any dictionary. It is actually just something that you learn overtime and get acquainted with as you speak English more fluently and more coherently. Now we have the word partner partner. Now with award partner. I'm not pronouncing the T, although typically you are supposed to pronounce the T partner parts their parts in there. This is the This is the normal way of saying the word partner. There's nothing wrong with that. But if you want to sound more North American, more American or more Canadian, you say partner. Now I am having a little stop right on the T. I'm not saying that he I'm just stopping on it. Part no partner partner part there. The word fitness. Fitness. I am stopping on the T. I'm not saying that tea, and I'm saying ness after fit ness. Fitness, fitness, the words certain certain certain, sir. Stop and certain the word apartment apartment apartment. You can say apartments. Nothing wrong with that apartment is with the global stop or assortments assortments button , but this is a very common one. You can see button nothing wrong with that. Or you can see button button cutting kitten continents, continent and the word for gotten. This is not the right pronunciation. There were just going to focus on the tees here for gotten or the word sentence sentence. Now sentence is easier to say sentence, but if you want to speak faster, you're saying the word sentence gets a sentence sentence. Right greats. Now we have of that sound. Now we learn previously that the vet sound. It's somewhere between, um a D and 1/5 so, but your tongue has to come out of your mouth a little bit and be placed between the upper and lower teeth. So we're seeing that that that write the word weather, weather together together Mother nether Lance The country either. And breathe Now bear in mind Breathe is with as a verb is with a th as in a breathe. But the noun breath is with a th as in thin breath. Breathe Can't great. Then we have the word, the sound fit So the actual fists and we have it First, let's focus on the pronunciation. The first sound is behind your teeth in between the upper and lower teeth. And I say the word threats threats, right. It doesn't come out of my mouth. Threat threat, right. The word threat or throat or faith? Earth, truth, wealth, depth and breath. Breath again. Breath Breathe. Okay, so that's the fit sound. Dis concludes our lesson with tricky pronunciations off the tee sound and we'll see you guys in the next section 15. Provinces, Capitals & People: Hey, guys will come to this new section. I want to first congratulate you on finishing all the lessons on pronunciation of vowels and continents. This basically sums up all the pronunciation guide that we need to know in order to start pronouncing more difficult words. But we're gonna have a little bit of fun now we're gonna learn about Canada. We're gonna learn about provinces of Canada. How Canada is divided into different regions. What, our provinces, where? Territories and the capitals of Canada. Most importantly, we're gonna learn how to pronounce those names of the cities, the name of the provinces and territories and see how they look like eso. Let's take a look at the map of Canada have here. Um, Now you can see Canada is a pretty big country. It's actually the second largest country in the world. Now it is divided into 10 different provinces, mostly on the bottom. Here, they're all on the bottom and three territories on the top. Now we're gonna get to know how do these sound like we're going to start in order off the letters were gonna go alphabetically and get to know what the province's. So let's get started now. Ah, first province is Alberta, Alberta. Now we're gonna take a look at how this is actually pronounced using the same pronunciation symbol. So it starts with the sounds we have the Al and then we have a show sound and the T sound that is between T. Andy, Andy Schwartz, Answer. Alberta, Alberta. And then we have British Columbia That is around from so British Columbia. It has the British word. And then it has the word Columbia. So breaking it down, we have the word British with the pay attention to this continent and then followed by the shrill sound in Colombia soco And then the short, all sound. And then we have the shorts. And so call Le M'Bia British Columbia, Another province that we have is called Manitoba. Now, Manitoba is pronounced with an R sound a Schroth sound in the middle. Oh, after the t and a short sound at the end. So Mana TOBA, Manitoba, Then we have New Brunswick new bras. Mick is on the eastern side of Canada s, so let's see, it has the word new in there now, new is not pronounced as new. It just new new and then followed by bra. And then we have an e sound in the middle. So Bruns, Bruns and Wick So Bruns Wick, let's take a look. The word New filin. Now this is another Eastern province. Now this is a province name that a lot of people have difficulty with its pronunciation mainly because the, um, shrubs sound between in the world found is it's not pronounced us fan found but front. So it sounds like new friend we received here it has the new sound and in a short sound, so new friend And then it has the word land. So Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador. So this is another section of the province. It's one province, two different section One is new, Phil and the other is Labrador. So we see Labradors pronounced with a shrill sound and or sound. So Labrador, Labrador, then we have the province of Nova Scotia. So it starts with the O sound. We have the Schloss down in there and then Scotia. So it's a s followed Bakay. And then we have the awareness, Schloss and so Scotia Scotia. Um next we have the Ontario That starts all sound. We have A and the oh so Ontario, Ontario. And then we have the Prince Edward Island's. This is a three piece word. Prince Edward Island is actually island, which is really tiny in Atlantic Canada. It's on the eastern side of Canada. Um, so let's see how it looks like. So it starts with a prince, and then we have the word Edward. So it has a Schroth sound here. Pay attention to that. And island island has short sound in there as well. And the next province, we have his Quebec. Quebec is the French speaking province. In Canada s O. It is pronounced as Kerr and Beck. Sometimes it is pronounced as Koubek most common leader across English speakers in Canada. We we do. We do pronounce it as Quebec. Quebec with a shrill sound. Under and last but not least, is the province of Saskatchewan. So let's see, we have It starts with a sound. So assess and then we have a car and then Schwab and then one. So Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan. Uh, it's usually this is pronounced with a schloss sound, but because we say so fast, so sketch one. Um, but you can say Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, or in the word or right, Artur. Alternatively, you could have the shrill sound ideas. So we have on here towards the end or we could have. And so it's a sketch one. This is catch one. Not so sketching one. So you can you can do both pronunciation off the name for that province. Okay, Now Canada actually has three territories. The territory's are in the north and part of Canada. Now the first territory that we have is called the Yukon UConn. It is on top of British Columbia. I'll probably just leave them up on the side for your reference. As we go through these names off the territories, then we have the North West Territories. Now, this is a two word. So we have the word north and then the word west and and territories. Let's see how territories is broken out. So we have the word, we have the tat sound and then the Schloss sound and then the or sound. And then the e sound so tear or a Torre Res Territories territories And then last but not least, we have no no vote, no no votes. So it starts with a new sound new New and Schwab New Know what's known efforts. So we if you say faster and universe it's noon, it puts right and universe fantastic. Eso that's the name of the provinces in Canada. Let's take a look at one of the capital's of thes promises now. Capitals of provinces and territories, basically are the cities in which the parliament's off the province is located. It's where the government of the province is. So let's take a look at the capitals of different provinces of Canada. Now we learn about Alberta, Alberta. Eyes were majority of the oil in Canada is so we have Edmonton Edmonton. So it starts with Ed and then to Chua sounds men tend Ed Minton and then British Columbia. Victoria is the capital. So starts with a e sound and or in a shrill sound. So Victoria, Victoria, Manitoba, has Winnie Pig Winnie picks. So it starts with a w. You gotta rule your mouth as you say it. Wait wit. And then you say win. Uh, and then we have Peck win a pig and then we have New Brunswick, New Brunswick. Now Frederiksen, He's the capital of new brands. Make Fredericton. So let's see how it's pronounced. So it's broken. Let's break it down At the beginning, we have the word Fred and then we have Rick And then we have 10 Fredericton Fred Rick, 10 Fredericton greats. You can see we're practicing all the continents and the values we learned so far. And now for Newfoundland and Labrador, the capital is ST John's. So Ste actually stands worth Ward for the Ward ST so STS ST And then we have John's. Now John's is just the ah sound, finishing with a set. So Johns Johns and then for the territory's we have the Northwest Territories. Yellowknife. It is a single word. It is actually a Yellowknife, but their combined together to make the name of the city. So we have the word yellow and then knife. So pretty simple for Nova Scotia. The capital is Halifax. So it starts with a then we have the and then I again. So how? Lee fax, Halifax, Halifax. And for none of it, we have the capital of Iqaluit. Iqaluit. So it starts with an E and then we have a and then we have who duet duet E Callaway it He can do it on a Nunavut. Any cattle both or names that do have a first nation background. It is from the language of the people who were first, um, positioned in Canada for, I don't know, maybe hundreds or thousands of years on. And their culture is actually a huge part of Canada. So you'll see the names of provinces and a lot of cities where the names are actually coming from in the First Nations background. Okay, so what? This concludes the lesson on Canada and the names of provinces and the capitals? In the next two lessons, we're gonna learn a little bit more about, um, regions of Canada and see what they're all about. Thank you, guys for being here. We're going to see you in the next section. 16. Canadian Regions: Hey, what's up, guys? In this section, we're going to be learning about Canadian regions now. Decided to change things around and give you a little bit of a story. Formats of what Canadian regions are and what the story behind them is now. Canada is actually divided into different regions, and what do I mean by regions? Regions are areas where multiple provinces are combined together and named something. For example, we have the Atlantic, Canada or the Atlantic region. Now Atlantic Canada is a combination of four provinces, namely Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador. Now the reason it's called Atlantic Canada, it's because of the fact that it's right next to the Atlantic Ocean, and the Atlantic region plays a really important part in Canada's history. The provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were originally part of the colony that made up the founding of Canada in 18 67. So in this region, economic activities are mostly mining, farming, fishing and forestry. Now Atlantic Canada is very much known for its lobster, So if you ever go to Atlantic Canada in any of those provinces, you want to make sure you order a nice dish of lobster. Lobster is so popular in Atlantic Canada that is part of McDonald's menu, then we have the Central Canada. Now Central Canada is made up of two provinces that is Quebec and Ontario. Now, more than half of the Canadian population actually lives in those two provinces, so it's pretty huge. So, as a result of that, the economy of the entire country largely depends on these two Canadian provinces. Central Canada. In fact, 3/4 of all Canadian manufactured goods are produced in Ontario and Quebec. Quebec singlehandedly is Canada's largest producer of hydro electricity, pulp and paper. Ontario, on the other hand, has Canada's main financial centre, which is Toronto. In fact, the Tronto stock exchange market is there. That's where people exchange stocks, buy and sell stocks. Then we have the north and territories. The North and territories are in the territories of noon if it's Yukon and the Northwest Territories. So the three territories combined together called are called North and Territories now, even dough the north and territories, or 1/3 of Canada's land. These territories have a really small population. It's only 100,000 people in 1/3 of Canada. The reason is because it's so cold out there now. The prevalent economic activities there are mining, hunting, trapping and fishing. Now the nurse in territories happy, nicknamed the Land of the Midnight Sun. The reason they're called that is because summer daylight may go on for 24 hours there. Sometimes you never see the night time. Now the Yukon Territory holds the record for the lowest temperature ever recorded in Canada , which is negative 63 degrees. Also, the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories is North America's second longest river. It's 4200 kilometers long. Pretty crazy, right? Next we have the prairies, the prairie region. The prairie region is made of the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. It has some of the richest farmlands in the world, with Saskatchewan, commonly known as the wheat province. There is so much wheat farms there. Alberta, on the other hand, is known for its vast cattle ranches and large production off oil and gas. 90 Tobar. It has mining, agriculture and hydro electric power as its mean economic activities. Then we have the West coast. The west coast of Canada is is just a province of British Columbia. Now burnish Colombia is also known as B C, just the abbreviation of British Columbia. It is the westernmost province with a really valuable forestry industry. Now West Coast is known for its salmon as part of its main food. Now, sometimes the West Coast is also known as Western Canada. If someone says Western Canada, it actually is a terminology that is used to define the region in which there is British Columbia and Alberta. Okay, great. So this concludes the lesson for Canadian regions. Thank you guys for being here, and we'll see you in the next lesson. 17. Charter of Rights and Freedoms: welcome to this new lesson. We're going to be learning about the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in Canada now. What do I mean by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms that Canada is very much known as a free country, a country where their fundamental freedoms in fact, in Canada fundamental freedoms are based on four basic freedoms that everyone in Canada enjoys. One is the freedom of conscious and religion. It means that you happy or frito have any religion over thought or belief that you have, and you can practice any religion that you think you want to practice. Second is the freedom of thought, belief and expression, which means you are free to say whatever you want that comes to your mind now. Nobody stops you from saying anything you want, but it does mean that it comes with a responsibility. It is important to justify the things that you say and have evidence and have a thoughtful process before, you know, exercising that freedom to the extent that you want. Third is the freedom of peaceful assembly in Canada. You can protest peacefully any time you want, wherever you want. It's important to just follow the procedures and exercise your freedom as you wished. Fourth is the freedom of association, which means you are free to associate yourself with any group or any entity that you want to. If there is a group of people who will have a specific belief, you are free to join them and be associating with him. Now in Canada, majority of people have democratic rights. What does that mean? Every Canadian citizen off age has the right to vote. Every Canadian citizen average also has the right to run for public office elections, both federal and provincial must be called every five years in Canada. We also have a parliament and a legislation. Parliament and legislatures have to sit and come up with laws to get her at least once every 12 months. So these are the democratic rights of a Canadian citizen. Now then we have mobility rights. This is pretty important Canadians or allowed to move freely within the country. They have the right to enter and remain in Canada if they want to. Mobility rights affects those people who want to move from one province to another in order to find another job. Now, why mobility rights allow people to go anywhere, to seek opportunities in the field of their expertise and find the job that they want. Next, we have the equality, rights. The Charter of Freedoms and Rights in Canada guarantees equality rights for every individual. Every individual is equal before and under the law. Every individual has the right to equal protection and the benefit off the law without discrimination based on their race based on their nationality, there are, think origin, the color of their skin, the religion, their sex, their age or whether they have a mental or physical disability. This is really important. Everybody is equal under the law. If you want to learn more, I have a few more links down below the video that you can look at. It's also something that every Canadian is really proud of when it comes to being a citizen of Canada, because be exercise, such democratic rights and freedoms in our country. Thank you guys for being here for this lesson. We're going to see you in the next lesson. 18. Syllables & Syllable Stress: Hey, guys. So walk onto this new section, we're going to be learning about syllables and syllable stress. Now, this is one of the most important part of the English language when it comes to pronunciation. So we learned so far about vowels, letters, continents and how to do the older basics. Now we're gonna get into words how to actually pronounce words properly, and this requires an understanding of syllables and syllable stress. So let's get started and see what syllables and syllable stress are now. Syllables are pretty simple. Why do I say that? It's because it's the way a word is broking down into different pieces. Now, um, it's usually be. Send the number of vowels that you have in a word. So let's get started. The word, like High has a single syllable. Why? Because we only have one well in it. We're just saying, Hi, I you have to hide it. And then the word Hello, uh, low. So that's two syllables. So breaking words down into syllables is pretty easy now, a little bit more difficult. One is the word imagination. So let's take a look at how we can break it down into different sellable. So it starts with the word with a sound e And then we have my and then jah nay shun So 1234 five. So the word imagination has five different syllables. Now let's get into syllable stress. Now, in the English language, we tend to put a little bit more stress, a little bit more emphasis on syllables, uncertain syllables. Okay, so how does it look like? And how does it sound like we're gonna start with a really basic word? The word coffee. Coffee. Now, when you hear the word coffee, there is a little bit a little bit of stress on the first part of coffee. Now, the word coffee has two syllables. Call and fee. So let's think about it. Where to be? Put the stress on the word coffee. Do we say coffee or do we say coffee? Um, 2nd 1 doesn't sound so right. So it's the 1st 1 now how to be different. She that ain't pronunciation symbols. We have this little stressed symbol, as you can see on the page that appears rights before the syllable that has the stress on it. So this one coffee, coffee. You can see it's on the first part, as I've shown here now, if you were to say coffee, it doesn't make sense. So this is complete wrong. We do not put the stress on the second syllable of the word coffee. Now let's get a little bit more acquainted with syllable stress on different words. So let's take a look. So thes air some words where the syllable stress is on the first syllable of the word. Now the word effort effort. You can see it's at the beginning, so we put the syllable on. Sorry, we put the stress on the first syllable. We say Effort, effort. We don't say F Fort right? It sounds completely wrong. And that is why it could be a little bit more confusing for somebody who's a native speaker to hear words from someone who's who speaks English as their second language because they could say f Fords. And they would think, Are they saying the word afford or the actually saying effort efforts so you can see we're taking our time at the beginning with the stress we are, you know, increasing the length or putting a little bit more stress on the beginning of effort. Something effort. Effort. I'm taking my time with the air effort. Um, so let's see the word engine engine. I don't say engine. I say Engine engine, not engine engine right now. The same. Similarly, with the word exit, exit or export Or or the ward expert expert Que grit. Now a little bit of mini lesson in the in the middle of this session sometimes the this the continent's t and are joined together Sound like Chet women. When we say them fast a word like country, country, you can see t and R If I want to spend my time on the T and r, it would be country country. Now that would be, Oh, it sounds a little bit off now with, ah, you know, native speakers. They have a tendency to actually make it sound a little bit more like chess or country country. I'm not putting a check out there. I'm just making the TR come fast after each other and sound like a little bit like chess of country or the ward pantry pantry or the word industry, industry or ministry. So you do not see a check here, but native speakers have a tendency to do that. So let's take a look at a little bit more words out there. So the word level level, where is the stress? It's on the beginning. The word morning. It's on the beginning number people. I don't say people as a people people pepper problem, problem or record and the word rescue. Now I'm one of you guys. So actually pause the video and try to practice these words as I say it. It's really important to get the syllable stress correctly on these wars. You don't want to say problem. You want a problem Problem? Problem doesn't make sense. Problem is how it sounds like now. Why to be put stress on different syllables. This is what helps people to actually speak faster and speak in your sentences would also start to have a specific rhythm. As you start putting stresses on different syllables of award, and as you pick up this rhythm, you can go faster. Therefore, sometimes you see English speakers speak so fast, and they're not completely saying all the words and pronouncing all the complete word out there. But they're saying it in a way that you actually understand why it's all about set syllable stress. Syllable stress allows you to speak faster with the rhythm and allows you to understand native speakers really well as they speak faster as well. So that's sort of the first section now in the English language. There are words that have two different ways of pronunciation, So a syllable stress could be on the first or second port. Or, if there are more than two syllables, it could be anywhere. So sometimes it's exchangeable. Let's take a look a word like exports exports that now I'm saying the word export. I'm putting it at the beginning. But alternatively, I could also say export, export, export and export are actually correct pronunciation of the word exports. So similarly, the word increase. I'm saying I'm putting it at the beginning increase and then I can say increase increase. So I'm putting it on the second syllable, right? So there are certain words in English language were the emphasis could be on the 1st 2nd or third or whatever part. It could be interchangeable, so pay attention. There's not always a single way to pronounce a word, so let's take a look at some words with the stress being on the second syllable. Syllable of the word. Now the word amounts amount has two syllables. A amounts amounts. On the second part. We put stress. Now you can see the stress symbol is right there. So amounts amounts amounts right or the would attack attack attempt attempt can now canal. It's on the second syllable. Control, defense, demand disease. Eclipse, Eclipse. I'm putting in under lips Eclipse. Right? So I want you guys to pause this and practice this as we go on. Don't Don't be sure you want to say this loud and you want to say clearly now. Some more words. The word effect effect. It's on the second syllable. The word except where is the emphasis second syllable Extinct. Extinct Hotel, Hotel. I'm not saying hotel. I'm saying Hotel second silver really important. Uh, July machine police receipt and reply. Reply. I'm saying it. I'm putting an under lie. Part of reply. So reply. Great More words we have, Although, although it's on the second part, a monk aware away because before behind until upon are you noticing it? It's really important. Make sure to pause. Repeat if you need to and get the syllable stress correctly. It's a huge part of the English language. We're going to get a little bit more complicated with this as we go on. So let's take a look at a little fun exercise that we have here. So what? We have, uh, two words or two different pronunciations of one board. Let's see which one is the correct one. Now the word piano piano. Ok, let's see. Where is the pronunciation? Emphasis or stress? On which syllable? So we have piano, so we have P ano piano piano p piano. Okay. Um, is it on the 1st 1 piano piano? Okay, it sounds like it's gonna be on the 2nd 1 So yes, that b is the right one. A is incorrect piano on putting the stress in the middle right before right after the peace . Something p piano, piano, piano or let's see the word without without so without on. Let's see if I put it on the first syllable without and then if I put it on the second syllable without hey without without actually both of them are the correct way of pronunciation. Again, there are sent in words in the English language where the pronunciation could be. You could have two different pronunciation of one word. So a is correct. B is correct. So pay attention to those as you look up the dictionaries now the phonetics or the symbols that we're looking at or American English. We're not looking at British ingley. So if you go online and you look at different dictionary other than the Oxford American Dictionary, you're going to see a completely different pronunciation symbol. So pay attention that we are sticking to an American version off the fanatics. So this basically concludes the lesson for syllables and syllable stress we're going to see in the next section. Thank you. 19. Syllable Stress Part II: Hey, guys, in this section, we're gonna learn about words that have more than two syllables. So in the previous section, we're looking at words that have two syllables and where the stress would look be if it was on the first syllable. 2nd 2nd syllable. So let's go through an example of words that have three syllables for and maybe more than four, and see how it looks like when we have stress on one of the syllable. So let's get started. So first we're gonna look at some words that have emphasis on the first syllable off their three syllable section. So the word benefits benefits. It's broken into three syllables, so we have no and fits benefits. So if you put the stress on the 1st 1 it sounds like benefits, benefits or the word exercise or the word family general, Gentle man governments. Now the word government. We do not pronounce the end in government. It's one thing you gotta pay attention to. You can see in a pronunciation symbol. We do not have the end in there, so the word governments or the word handicap you can see it's on the first port recipe and secretary. So make sure to posit video and actually practice these words as we go along. You want to make sure you master them in terms of putting the syllable stress on the right syllable, and you don't get it wrong. So a good idiom for the words benefits benefits where the stress was on. The first syllable is give someone the benefit of the doubt. What does give someone the benefit of the doubt mean it means to accept the fact that the me have nots done something wrong, that they are not guilty about something. So if there's an example where a student is plagiarizing, for example, copying an assignment and the teacher is not sure whether the student has actually copied his or her assignment, he can say, I'll give that student that benefits of the doubt. I'll give the accident the benefit of the doubt. It means that I'll just think that the student has not plagiarist. I will give them the benefit of the doubt. So that's a really good Indian to use. A few want to express yourself in a way where someone is not guilty in your thinking that they are better than that. So let's like it Some words where the stress is on the second syllable award. Like composer, composer, now the word composer. We have the first section as come and then we have po and we have dessert. So if you put the stress on the second syllable, it would be composer. You can see I'm putting a little bit more emphasis. Composer Composer. The word. December December Departure Departure Detective Disguise Disguise. Now what does the word disguise me? Disguise means to hide yourself physically from someone in terms of completely changing your features. Maybe you were a mask. Maybe you put on makeup or change how you look like this. That's called disguising. Uh, next behalf the word emotion, emotion. It's on the second syllable example example or the word expensive, expensive income. I'm putting it on the second syllable Distress. A really good ADM to use with the word disguise is a blessing in disguise. Now what does a blessing in disguise mean? It means something good that seemed bad at first. For example, if I lost my job on losing my job, let to me starting my own business, then I can say losing my job was a blessing in disguise because it let me to opening up my business. Or another example is if Alice, for example, has a boyfriend who broke up with her and she ended up finding her husband after breaking up with her ex boyfriend. Then you can say that breaking up that Alice breaking up with her ex boyfriend is a blessing in disguise because she ended up marrying someone else. Someone better So a blessing in disguise. Now let's take a look and see how the next section look like, Uh, what is it gonna look like when we have the stress on the third syllable of a word? Not a word like afternoon afternoon Now putting the stress on the last part of the world, which is noon. And then we have another word anymore anymore. So I'm putting the stress on the last part of the world. The last syllable word like engineer engineer are nothing. Engineer. I'm not saying in junior. I'm saying engineer, So I'm putting the stress on the last part. Guarantee guarantee Last part again. Overseas refugee 17. Now you got to take your time with Teen 17 Volunteer similar to 17 volunteer Volunteer. Great. So what about words that have four syllables? What is it gonna look like if he put the stress on the first syllable of a four syllable word? The word, actually, actually, military necessary Secretary Television, Television. So I'm putting it on the first part. Positivity of practice. These the practice these words and make sure you get it right. Next section We're looking at words that have the stress on the second syllable. A word like appreciate, Appreciate. So I'm putting it under appreciate, appreciate, appropriate appropriate right Associate associate communicates its on the mu parts, communicates or the word experiments. I'm putting it on the pet part. Experiment experiment The word identify. It's on the second syllable. I then it. If I identify, identify. So pause a video. Make sure you practice these as well. Some more words as we go on experience, experience, evaluate, evaluate activity activity. And I'm repeating myself as we already have the word experience. The next word is development, development, political, political. Now we have the Schroth sound. Pay attention to that and then we have the t between D and T. Political, political and security security stress on the second syllable security. Okay, let's take a look at some examples where the pronunciation of a word changes as it goes from, ah, verb toe, a noun derivative. So here's an example. The word civilized list. Look at its pronunciation. We're looking at, said the lies where the stress is on the first part of civilized, so civilized. And then let's see what happens to the stress and the pronunciation of the word as we go into the now we have civilization, so the stress completely changes position. It's no longer on the first part. It's on the set parts of its on Sevilla on the fourth part. So civilization, civilization, and we can see that it's, ah, a sound instead of ice on so civil lazy civilization civilization. And then we have the word improvised against stress at the beginning. And then, as it turns into a noun, improvisation, improvisation, improvisation. So it's again, on the last part, organized similarly verb the stresses on the beginning organization. The stress is no longer on the beginning. As we go into announce another ver privatize privatize. I'm putting the stress on the very first syllable privatization privatization, so pry the tie private ization. Privatization, Privatization. Okay, so pay attention. How to stress is moving from the first part to other parts as we go from a verb to announce . Okay, great. So what happens if the stress is on the third syllable of a word that has more than three syllables? So a word like categorical. So this is pretty hard to pronounce. Let's break it down into different pieces. So cat, uh, gore three. Cool. So categorical. Categorical Now, eight days, The stress is on the gore parts or cad cata gore ical categorical, categorical, The word controversial. Let's break it down. We have the first syllable as con truh never show controversial. So it's on the 3rd 1 controversial Contra virtual in other word entertainments. So let's forget about en ter tain meant four syllables on the third syllable. We are putting attainments. So inter entertainment entertainment entertainment Now another word is a mouthful indistinguishable in distant, indistinguishable. So where is the stress? So we have end and then we have dead and then sting Go where? Sure, Bill. So it's on the sting part stink so indistinguishable, indistinguishable right. You can see the stress is on the sting part indistinguishable the word information. Information You can see where the stresses intermittent, intermittent reproducible Rep. Arra do simple reproducible. Another word. University, University. You know, diversity. So saying it faster, university, you can see the stress is clearly on the third syllable of the work. Let's look at some words that have the stress on the force syllable. Now, make sure, actually, to pause the video and practice the previous words. We don't want to just jump ahead and not master those words. Practice them, practice some loud and practice as much as you can. Now, next section the word characteristic characteristic. So you have the word character, right? So cat wreck toe risk tick. And then you have it on the four sellable so characteristic characteristic Another word configuration configuration. Con fig. Yeah, Ray shed configuration configuration. So we put it on the rations, rations, configuration, the word entomological. So we have, uh, so that's two syllables. Uh, law, Jake. Cool. So five syllable word on the four syllable. We have the word atom. A logical Adam. Uh, logical. So entomological. The word experimental. So it's on the word. It's on the mental part. Mental expiry, explora mental now, if I say faster experimental, you can see the stress is on the M. Met men on the men part. Next one. Responsibility. Responsibility. Now, where is the stress? Let's see. Risk upon, sir. And then we can see the stresses on the bill part. And then le de Okay. 123456 syllables. Four Syllable has the stress on it. So let's say it. Responsibility, responsibility, responsibility. Great. You can see things are coming along and puzzles. The pieces of a puzzle are coming together in order to make sense Exactly how English pronunciation work. Syllable syllable stress A huge part of the English language. I'm excited. We got to this section we're gonna get We're gonna go into the next section and learn a little bit. Mawr so so far. Thank you guys for coming along. And I appreciate your efforts 20. Secondarily Stressed Syllables: Hey, guys, welcome to this new lesson. We're going to be learning about second really stressed syllables so so far with being looking at words where the syllables had a stress on it. Sometimes there is a secondary stress on a second syllable. Somewhere in the word, you probably saw the secondarily stressed symbol in the exercises that we previously did. Now it sort of looked like the same accented, um, you know, symbol. But it was on the bottom level, off a of the whole phonetics. So let's take a look at how it looks like now we have the word information information. Now we can see the primary stress is rights on the May sellable of information. So information in formation. Now there is a secondary stress on the word that is at the beginning, so in for mation. So you can see I'm putting a second recess. I'm saying in competing a little bit of stress. And then when I say in floor mation and I'm putting the primary stress automation so the secondary stress is actually not as obvious as the 1st 1 So when I say information information, I'm when I say the word information the secondary stress is a little bit less than a primary stress, so OK, great. So now let's have a look at some more examples and see how they look like So we have the word inspiration, inspiration. Now you can see the secondary stress is on in of inspiration on the first syllable. So if you break down inspiration, how many syllables doesn't have it has in spread in spa ray shun. So four syllables and spa ray shed. And then we have the secondary access on the first syllable and the primary primary stress on the third syllable. So inspiration, inspiration, the word imaginary, imaginary. So you can see the primary stress on the mat sellable in my and then Neri. So on the secondary stress on, uh, imagine net on the fourth sellable right. Uh, let's continue ahead. See the see the word secondary, secondary, second dairy, second dairy. So dairy. It's right there. The secondary stress, understand, understand, understand. So we have the stress in the middle of the word, the primary stress. But the secondary stresses at the beginning understand, understand, right. The word underpriced underprice similar to understand the second stresses at the beginning the word represent represent. We have the secondary stress at the beginning. Rep. Aurora Resent, represent, comprehend. Comprehend. So where is the primary stress on the head? Um, syllable. And in the secondary, stress is on the first syllable cup. Comprehend the word aneurysm aneurysm. So we have the private stress at the very beginning. And then we have the second Lucious on the re syllables aneurysm, aneurysm, the word feminism, feminism So you can see the primary stresses that right at the beginning, and then the secondary stress is on the knee. Feminism, the word ideology, ideology, ideology. So ideology. It's the primary stresses in the middle ideology, and then the second instance is at the beginning fantastic. So you can see certain words in English language once they have enough syllables. Mutually, more than three D tend to have a secondary stress. Let's have a look at a little bit more examples. The word advocate advocate. It has the prime ministers of the beginning and then the sick industries in the middle. The word education, education, education has a prime mistress on the in the middle secondary stress at the beginning, economic, economic, second distress of the beginning activism, activism, activism on the visit part, we're having the secondary stress womenfolk, womenfolk, folk we can see on the folk part. We have the second research sociocultural. So so seo. Secondary stress cultural primary stress. Sociocultural. Right, So another multi syllable word that has to stresses in it. Now I've actually put a paragraph that would help you with pronouncing these boards in a sentence. Now the paragraph is actually just about feminism and the definition of feminism. It's actually really good to read the paragraph and try to practice what we just learned. Now. Most of the words that we just learned it's in that paragraph. It's really good to practice set, So I encourage you to actually go ahead and positivity. You read the paragraph and come back to it. Sometimes in the English language, we have words that have to second really stressed syllables. Now, how does that look? Like a word like onomatopoeia, onomatopoeia or un aumento? Pia is a word that actually has to secondary stress. So let's see how it looks like it starts with the all part, and then we have on, uh and then my and then we have the map syllable. So on a mat on Emma. And then we have, uh, pier. And then the pier part is actually the port that has the primary stress. So on map, Pia onomatopoeia onomatopoeia. Right. So, uh, this word What does this word mean? Onomatopoeia. So it just basically refers to any words that sound similar to the noise that they describe for, for example, a word like hiss or pop these air words that are used to describe sounds. So they're actually called on a Mido Pia. So in other words, heterosexuality, heterosexuality, now hetero. You can see it right At the beginning. We have a secondary stress. Then we have sexuality. We have sex on the sex part and ality ality. So that's where the primary stresses. Because it's more predominant. You can You can hear it as I say. Heterosexuality. Write another word. Individual ism, individual ism. So right at the beginning, I feel a stress you can tell. And then we have V of the individual and you can see most of the stresses right there. Individual, individual, and then we have individual ism. So the listen part also has a stress. So a secondary stress next we have the world the word environmentalism, environmentalism. So let's see, Let's break it down. So we have in by Yeah, uh, environ. So, basically in your men, let them That's quite a mouthful. So 1234 56 and seven syllables You can see second early stressed syllables when there's two of them. Uh, there's a tendency that the ward has more than four or five syllables in it. So the word environmentalism you can see it's on the second on the second syllable and on the, uh, six syllable where, whereas thebe primary stress is on the fourth settle. So environmentalism, Environmentalism. Great. So that is some more difficult words. Now, this is a funny one. What is the longest word in the English language, And how the hell do we pronounce it? That's that's a scenario where you probably doing come across to somebody asking you this question, But, um, I thought you were a good practice to take a really, really long word and break it down and see how it looks like once we do break it down. So this is the longest word in the English language. Let's see, it's it's gonna be really difficult to break them, but to say it all at once. So it's really important to break it down. Let's see how it looks like eso It starts with the new and then we have men. So Numa no. Oh! Truck mike for us. Car pick C Lee Cho. Well, okay. No car. Me. Oh, sis. Now how many syllables was that? Does plastic a look? 123456789 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 and 19. So when a word has 19 syllables, obviously there's going to be second. Really stressed, um or secondary stress is uncertain syllable. So let's see how many secondary stress sellable we actually have. So we have one right here. You have to We have three. We have for we have five with a primary stress. Ah, maybe we can do another color rights here. So we got one primary stress. Five second really stress or secondary stresses on out of the 19 syllable. So let's see how we can pronounce it. So Newman no ultra microscopic Cilic. Oh, volcano. Um let's try a so Newman No ultra Oh, microscopic silly co volcano Connie AOSIS. Okay, that's quite a mouthful. So you probably never have to pronounce a word like this in English language. But generally it's good to know some outliers in the hole in the whole language. So this is an interesting world. A word. Now what does it actually mean? I'm sure you're curious. Fight now it actually is a word that has to do with the in a medical field. It has to do with a chronic long disease that is caused by the inhalation of find cell ical , silicate or quartz. That's a very specific kind of a disease that has to do with the respiratory system. So this concludes the lesson on the second really stressed syllables. We're going to see you guys in the next section. 21. Unstressed Syllables: Hey, guys will come to this new section we're going to be learning about on stress syllables now . You're probably like water in stressed syllables. Aren't any syllables that we don't stress and unstrapped syllable in a technical man? Manner, yes, but, um on stressed syllables actually are the ones that sound a little bit different, and the reason they sound different is because of the fact that they are pronounced with the Schloss out. Now there is a rule of thumb when it comes to English pronunciation when it comes to on stressed syllables. And that's mainly the fact that unstrapped syllables or accompanied by stressed syllable. So if a word has a stressed syllable, usually right before it or right after it, there is an unstrapped still able, which has the show pronunciation. So let's have a look at how it actually looks like in a word. Okay, so we have an example here, the word emphasize emphasize. So if you look at the word emphasize, it starts with a syllable that has a primary stress emphasize. And then we have the Schloss out right after the stressed syllable, after which there is a secondary Li stressed syllable so a secondary stress appears right after so right in between the first and 2nd 1 there is a unstrapped syllable, which is pronounced with the short sound. So the word emphasize emphasize is a great example that shows how it looks like before and after that shows how an unstrung est syllable appears before or after, you know, stressed syllables. So let's look at some other words. The word altar altar. Now the word alter starts with it starts with a stress and then we have the show sound. The word about about starts with the show sound. Then it has the stress, the word amazing. It has the short sound than the stress. The word banana starts with the shrill sound. Then it has, uh, the stress. Another one enormous, the word enormous. Similarly, it has the shot of the stress followed by the show sounds Now show sound is at the end, not at the beginning. So bear that in mind the word electric electrics. Now we have, like, trick. Now sometimes the e sound. When you say it faster, it starts to sound like a schloss on the word electric electric. The trick part sort of sounds like a Schloss on a little bit. Once you say faster, the word celebrate celebrate. So you have sure the stress of the beginning Shaw sound. Another stressed right after the shots. And so celebrate. Let's see some words that have I and owing them you have the word irregular. So e red and then Giller irregular. The word president has the stress on the beginning prayer, and then we have a student that it so president. The word experiments expect, and then the parent syllable has the stress. And then we have a show. Austin, Right after the word occur, occur similarly starts with a Schroth sound, followed by the stressed syllable condition similar again and a press a press. Another word. We have the word umbrella umbrella. You can see the stress was on the Brett part, and then we have a Schwartz on right after it. Toward support has a sure sign of the beginning, then distress. The word suggests suggest similarly Shaw Sound and then the stress so you can see it's a pretty common pattern. It's easy to pick up. It's something you can pay attention to. Now it's all my students actually ask the questions. How do I pay attention to all these pronunciation tips that we have when I'm speaking English? I can't be addition. Toe all the tips that we have now. The idea is not for you to treat this like it's a part of your vocabulary or part of your grammar. It's important that you realize that it takes time as you practice more by speaking with native speakers. As you practice by, just speaking more with other people around you. You give yourself the chance to, you know, incorporate thes pronunciation exercises. So I want you guys to pay attention to that. This sums up the lesson for this section. We're going to see you in the next station. Thanks so much. 22. Blending Sounds: Hey, guys will come to this new section. We're going to be learning about five different ways of linking sounds. Now what are linking sounds linking sounds or the sounds that we make as we transition from one word to another. So in the English language, there is a tendency to sometimes make a different sound or delete a sound. Or, you know, connect to sounds that are continents or vowels and see how they look like. So whatever. He starts with the continuous constants and the blending cells and see how it looks like when two words blend together. Now we're going to start with the continuous constant. It's not continues Constants. Oh, are almost like taking two words and connecting them in a way where, you know, they sound like a single word. So two words that sound like a single word. So let's look at an example. A word like assessment has a part where the s and the M join each other. So let me mark those on the sheet here and now the SNM sort of joined each other here. Now we're going to be looking at, ah, a word like promise me, promise me now promise me is to separate words, but as we say it fast, it sounds like a single word. Now the S and M connect together. We don't want to leave a space between the two wards. Promise me. Promise me So it sounds like assessment with the S and M joining each other. So this is what we're going to be looking at for the first part. Now, let's do a little bit of practice now. A word like or a phrase like both lists, both lists. You can see I'm connecting the th of the both with the l of lists have the best way to actually practice this. It's to save and sentences. So what I wanted to do is actually pause the video and read the sentence and try to make sure that you connect those two words so much so that they sound like a single word. So it seems like both lists of wedding invitations are accurate. It seems like both lists of wedding invitations are accurate. You can see both leads connected together. Let's try and other sentence more money, more money. So no positive between the two more money. Maybe we should save more money from economic downturn. Maybe we should save more money for an economic downturn. So try to practice this sentence. See how it sounds like for you. Connect those two words together. Twin sisters Alicia and Alice are twin sisters, so you can see twin sisters stuck right together. Urban families, urban family. So n an F right next to each other. Urban families live in single family houses so you can see again, Right? Connected together. So to continuous constant it's stuck together. That's how they sound like. Now we have a little bit more practice sentences for you. These are going to be available for you in the description and in a pdf file. So what I want you to do is to actually download those pdf files on make sure you practice thes sentences. So another section we have is linking a continuous continent and of al together. So what does that mean? It means taking a word that ends with a continent and starting the next word with a vowel and connecting the two together. So let's see how these two examples here differ from each other. So the phrase my seat, my seat has two refers through, obviously a chair, my chair or my seat. And then now we have mice eat. So if I say that fast, my seat, it sounds exactly the same as my seat. You're probably asking when I'm speaking English. How do I compare? The two are differentiated too. Well, it all has to do with the context of a sentence. If you're having a conversation, make sure you understand what you are talking about. So whoever says my seat is that we're gonna have a sentence that goes on about talking about mouse and mice, Um, or Thea. Other one is my seat, which has to do with a chair or a Caesar or somewhere. So let's have a little bit of practice here and see how it looks like an exception, an exception. So you can see the end doesn't just end with a pause, it continues to the next word. An exception. Let's make an exception and let him have all the ice cream. Let's make an exception and let him have all the ice cream. Let's make an exception and let him have all the ice cream so you can see an exception is right, stuck together. So another word. Give up. Give up. I'm not making any pause between the two words. Give up. Johnny will never give up his car to afford a house. John, you will never give up to afford a house. Another one is leave after. So it almost sounds like the V has an A after some saying Leave up And I'm saying Leave after leave after stuck together Right? Let's leave after the dinner. I'm super tired, right? And other laugh. Fats laugh, Fats. I very often laugh at myself, which is sort of true, very often laugh at myself. So this is another one. Now I have a bunch of other example that are available for you again. Download the pdf for, like a description. See if he can pronounce the's sentences altogether. And make sure you follow the pronunciation guide for these words. So this is basically the conclusion of the linking sounds. We're going to see you in the next section and see how it looks like. Thanks 23. Changing Sound: Hey, guys, welcome to this new section. We're going to be learning about changing sounds. Now what are changing? Sounds basically, when a word finishes with a certain continents and the next word starts with a certain bowel, the constant changes, its form changes. It sounds so let's take a look at some examples. See what I'm talking about. So when a T a T continent is followed by the E vowel now, this is the shorty or the long A it takes on the chip sound. So let's see an example. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you. So I could say nice to meet you, but if I want to sound a little bit more like a native speaker, I would say meet you. Nice to meet you. Similarly, we have three to treat you. Treat you so he didn't treat you like you deserve it. So you can see t followed by the UAE. Sound takes on the chit sound. So this is really important to pay attention to when you are speaking English and makes you sound a little bit more like a native speaker. Their mind. We have a section where you are supposed to practice. Um, sent Is that so? Some sentences here for you to practice and make sure you download the pdf or look at the description of these sentences and practice the sentences and make sure you can actually say the word and do it properly. So maybe I'll do the 1st 1 for you. Don't you dare. Don't you dare. So a t follow followed by the e sound takes on the chit sound, So don't you dare. Now we're gonna go to the next section and see how it looks like said the d sound the d constant and followed by the e the short he or the wat or the long eat eggs on the jet sounds. So how does this look like when d and why integrate? They sound like J a phrase like did you becomes? Did you Now did you go to the bank and deposit your money? Did you go to the bank and deposit your money so you can see d plus Why? Sounds like all right, so this is important to bear in mind. Now again, I have left some examples for you to take a look at. I don't I'll do the 1st 1 for you and see how it sounds like. Would you like to see my new car? It's right outside. Would you like to see my new car? It's right outside so you can see D plus why it's making the Jets sound. So go ahead and make sure you practice all the sentences into pdf file or in the description, and make sure you get it right. We're going to see in the next section. 24. Intrusion Sounds: What's up, everyone? We're going to be learning about intrusion sounds in this section. So intrusion sounds are basically the insertion of a sound between two words. So the first word ends with a vowel, and the next word starts with a vowel. And we have a tendency to put a little sound between the two words in order to make sure that they connect with each other. They link with each other so as they can look at an example. So we have the word very and an old so very old. So what do we What are we exactly doing when we say this faster, Very old. So you can see we're putting a little Why, between the very and between old, otherwise it's gonna sound a little bit disconnected. Similarly, we have so hold sold, Sold What? What are we doing exactly? We're putting a W between this so on between the old so, uh, in the English language. In order to make sure to words connect with each other like this, we have a tendency to intrude a sound between the two sounds or put a sound between the two . So let's take a look at some examples and get more acquainted with this. So we have? He asked. He asked. You can see. I'm putting a little. Why between the he and ask? He asked. And then I'm reading the sentence. He asked if I would go out on a date with him. Now, when I'm practicing this, I make sure that I read the phrase first, he asked, And then I do the sentence than I do the sentence for practice another one day after day after we are going on a trip the day after tomorrow. So make sure to pause the video, download the PdF or look at the description and read and practice these sentences because it's important to actually make sure you get this right now when you are speaking English, you don't necessarily need to, uh, you know, pay attention to how you are linking sounds together all the time. This is going to be difficult, and you're going to be well, wasting your brain power and thinking about this all the time. Let this come to you. Naturally, As you speak with native speakers, you will notice how they're speaking this, but having this in the back of your mind is more important than paying attention to it all the time. It will come to you naturally as you speak. This is not something that you want to pay attention to. 24 7 as you speak English. Let's take a look at another example. Really appreciates. Really appreciates. I really appreciate all that you're doing to help us. Could get through this. I really appreciate all that you're doing to help us get through this so you can see we're putting a Y sound between the really and appreciate. Now I have a bunch of more examples for you. Make sure you pause the video and practice the's on download appear for Look at the description. The next section we have is the w sound. So as we put a W between two words, let's see how it looks like Know anyone? Do you know anyone who is a lawyer? Do you know anyone who is a lawyer so you can see no one anyone? I'm putting a little W between the two. It allows me to actually speak a little bit faster, and it allows me to connect the words together. Another one value off value off, you can see I'm putting a little bit of W. As I'm speaking, the value of your grandfather's watch is a considerable amounts. The value of your grandfather's watch is a considerable amount, so really good practice. And I have a couple more examples similarly to the last one, and we need to pause the video practice thes and get it right and move on to the next section when you're ready. 25. Deletion: Hey, guys, welcome to this new section We're going to be learning about delish in now. In the linking sounds delish in is actually dropping a sound between two words in order to make it sound smoother. So let's take a look at how it looks like as we connect to words and drop a sound between the two. So we have a word like must be now when I say must be, uh if I take my time I say must be But I have a tendency to drop the t As I say, there were the phrase must be so we don't pronounce the t at all. How does it sound like this? Must be the end of our journey. This must be the end of our journey. I'm not pronouncing the t at all, so this is a great way to actually connect certain words together. Now there's a bit of a guideline for this. You have to make sure that the first word ends with a T in order to drop the t. So you don't do this with any word. You want to do this with words that end with a T. The first word ends with a T. So let's take a look at some examples. First day, first date. I'm not pronouncing the t it'll. Sam's first day of school is tomorrow, so this looks great. Now, when you are practicing this, make sure you say the phrase first left my left my and then do the sentence. I left my keys in the restaurant. I left my keys in the restaurant so you can see I'm not pronouncing the T best friends. Best friends. The twins are best friends. Interest rates, interest rates. You can see no t Between the two words interest rates have remained low Interest rates have remained Little rest earing rest hearing. Try to get some rest during the flight. Try to get some rest during the flight. Try to get some rest during the flight so you can see no pronunciation of the tea. Okay, great. So another one is dropping the tea with a word that ends with NT And then the next word starts with a vowel. So ah, phrase like when away went away. So I'm not saying went away. I'm saying went away. So let's see how it sounds like in a sentence he went away on a vacation without notice. He went away on a vacation without notice. So went away. You can see dropping the tea, connecting the two words together. We're going to practice this section with some other words Now taste. Let's take a look percent off percent off. So if I want to say this faster, I say percent off. So I'm not pronouncing the T at all. Ah, percent off. The profits are given to charity. A percent of the profits are given to charity, so pay attention to that. Another one president announced. President announced some, you know, connecting the end of presidents with announced. Our company president announced her retirement. Our company president announced her retirement so you can see no pronunciation of teat Now . I'm wanting to go ahead and actually take a look at the examples in the description or, in the pdf file, attach and practice the rest of the practice sentences. Make sure you get them right as well as you can, so let's take a look at some other ones. We have a tendency to drop the D between two words. So how does that look like when a word ends with an N d and then the next word and starts with a constant sound. We drop the T s. So let's take a look. And then and then. So I'm dropping the d for end and then I'm starting. Then so and then we, uh let's take a look. At an example, I shook his hand and then he smiled. I shook his hand, and then he smiled. I shook his hand. You can see in pronouncing the Dean hand, but they're not pronouncing the dean. And so I shook his hand and then he smiled. So connecting the two, dropping the tea right? Deletes de great. Let's take a look at some examples and set and set, Joanne called and said she was running late. Joanne called instead. She was running late Joe and called and said she was running late. So you can see and I'm dropping the D and continue with the next constant sound. Hand me. Could you hand me that pen? Could you hand me that pin? Could you hand me that pants vacancy dropping the D, starting with them? So pretty easy. Now try to practice the rest of the sentences and see how you do with those ones. That concludes the section. We're going to see you in the next section. 26. Geminates: Hey, guys, welcome to this new section we're going to be learning about gymnasts. Jim in its are basically when a first word ends with the same sound that the next word begins with. So we have two words. The 1st 1 ends with the sound on the next one. Start with exactly the same sound. So let's take a look to be have a tendency to put a little bit more emphasis on the letter that is repeated. So if let's take a look at two examples and see how they differ from each other, we have the phrase more ice, more ice. We're not spending too much time under our We're just saying more ice. But if I had more rice, you can see I'm spending an extra half a second on the R sound. More rice. So connecting the two spending a little bit more time on the art. That's how we differentiate between more ice and more rice. Right? So this is pretty important. Let's take a look at some example phone number, phone number. So spending a little bit more time on the end sound between the phone between phone and number, so spend a little bit more time. Can I get the restaurants phone number? Can I get the restaurants phone number? So if I pause between the two, it sounds a little bit awkward. Phone number. But if I connected to under spending a little bit more time on an phone number, Cancer Research, Dr Room or A specializes in cancer research to spending more time on are so pretty simple how we can pronounce the's jam minutes. Let's do another one. Feel, like feel like so I don't feel like having lunch for now. I'll eat later. I don't feel like having lunch for now. I'll eat later. I don't feel like having lunch for now. All he'd later, so you can see spending a little bit more time. Un de l enough for enough for the bowl of rice is enough for him. He's only five years old, path through path through Let's take the path through the jungle. Hopefully, we won't get less. Let's take the path through the jungle path through CNC, spending a little bit more time on the th, making sure I pronounce it correctly in this section, we're going to be learning about two words that require a little bit of pause between the two in order to make sense. An example is wait time. So where am I putting the pause? What I'm doing is that when I'm pronouncing weights, I'm not finishing with the t of weight. I'm just saying, Wait, and then I'm starting the next one. I'm putting a pause and I'm saying, Time, wait time, wait Time I'm not pronouncing two teas or pronouncing won t on putting a pause on the first word. Another one is big gift. Big gift. So when I say big, I don't pronounce the G I just a bit. And then I say Gift, Big gift. Most of the wedding gifts were big gifts, right? You can see we have a tendency to put a little bit of a pause and then say the next word, starting with the exact same sound. Let's take a look at some examples flat tire, flat tire. So I'm not saying flat tire. I'm saying flat stop tire, flat tire. I was running late because my car had a flat tire, right? So that one there limit to limit to. Sometimes there is a limit to the number of items you can purchase on the website Black car . I'm not saying black car. I'm saying Black car black stop car, black car. This Cadillac is the coolest black car I have ever driven, right? So you can see it's the same pattern. I wanted to go ahead to actually finish the examples in this section and make sure you do them right now. There's the pdf and there are examples in the description. Have a look at those positivity and come back to it. Let's take a look at the next section work we're looking at linking voiced and on voiced pairs of Stop. So what do I mean? So the section is not about Jim Minutes when I'm gonna go through is what happens when you have a word that is followed by another word and a stop is necessary. If you don't stop, it's gonna sound a bit awkward. So let's take a look. Job posting. When I say job posting, I can't connect those two really well together because it ends with a B, and the next word starts with a P. And I need to make sure that I pronounce the two Aziz well as I can. Otherwise it's gonna be difficult. So here's an example. There are a lot of job postings on the government's website, so you can seem I'm pronouncing to be completely and the P There are a lot of job postings , job postings, job postings right Here are more example limited to limited to your limited to five items. So I'm pronouncing two D and I'm pronouncing the t help button. Press the help button toe, ask for assistance, press the help one, right? So pay attention to that antique glass. Antique glass dates do dates. Dio What dates do you want? The report submitted by then we have tulip bulbs, tulip bulbs, plants the tulip bulbs in the fall before the ground freezes so you can see P is pronounced the b of both is also pronounced. Okay, so this concludes this section Thank you so much for being here. We're going to see you in the next section. 27. Content and Function Words: What's up? Everyone in this section we're gonna learn about sentence rhythms now. Previously, we learn about words, syllables and syllable emphasis. We learn where to put a stress on a syllable inside a word. Now, at this time within sentences, we're gonna focus on words that have stresses on them. So certain words inside a sentence have a stress on them now. How do we differentiate which words actually have a sentence on him? This is where we learn about content, words and function words. Now what are content words and one water function words. So let's get started and have a look. So content words we have now on Snowden's are places. They are people, things and ideas. For example, Patty is a name. Seattle's the name of a city. Cars and happiness so you can see these air announce. Then we have verbs. So actions running, swimming, thinking, thes air action. So these air content words then we have adjectives, adjectives describe, announced, for example, red, soft, careful, thin, black. So these sort of things are adjectives. Then we have adverts, words that describe verbs or actions, so call me quickly, carefully, right, and then we have negatives. Negatives are also content words, So knots never right. So these air content words within within a sentence. We have a tendency to actually put stress on the content words rather than the function. Once out, what are function? Words function. Words are anything and that is used toe an auxiliary degree. What do I mean by that? So let's take a look. We have auxiliary verbs so our WAAS has. Could Can should would. So verbs that are used to support other verbs are function words. Then we have propositions acts on between two near thes air propositions. Let me have conjunctions. Contractions are words that that connect two sentences together. And so But however then we have determine Er's words that give detailed to announce like a and the some any And then we have pronounce Were that replaced announce I it we they he she them there. Right, so thes air pronounced. Now all of these are function words. So we now know what our content words and what are function words. Content words are the ones that describes places. They're the major words in a sentence and make the sentence actually makes sense. Whereas function words, actually, just words that make a sentence grammatically correct. So we're gonna go ahead in the next section and practice some sentences and differentiate the content and function words and learn how to put the stress on words that are content words. So you guys in the next section from 28. Rhythm Rule: what's up? Everyone in this section were actually gonna go and practice sentence the rhythms. So, uh, we know that in the English language we actually go back and forth between stressed and unstrap est syllables. We have a tendency to do that in sentences as well. Now all these stresses that are in a sentence always fall on content words that there are some irregularities where sometimes they fall onto the function words, but majority of the time they fall into content words. Now this actually gives the English language a rhythm. This is what allows you to speak faster. In fact, one of the things that helps me with, you know with sentence rhythms is the fact that I can speed up videos or speed up podcast or something audio, that video that I can watch on the Internet. I have a tendency to actually speed up the video because I can listen to it faster. Now, if you don't have that sentence rhythm, if you don't follow the procedure, then when I speed up that video, I actually can be able to understand your as well as I can. Now there are cases where I have actually and, you know, try to listen to the video and I wasn't able to understand. And that's mainly because a lot of people don't follow the sentence rhythm when they speak English. Now let's get started and see how they look like in sentences. So we have the sentence where I have actually Bolden the words that are content words. Now I'll build a fire in the fireplace. Now you can see build a fire and fireplace are content words. So let's take a look at how I am stressing these words in the sentence. I'll build a fire in the fireplace. You can see I'm putting a little bit more stress just like this same stress that we have on syllables in a In a word, we're doing the exact same thing. We're putting a little bit more pressure on those words. I'll build a fire in the fireplace. Now. How can you know this when someone is speaking fast and saying things? Now here's the thing. Content words are more emphasized when you speak faster, so even if sometimes you speak fast so much so that somebody doesn't hear the function words they can actually make sense of what you're saying. If you just say the content words. If I just say built fire fireplace, chances are you're gonna actually understand what I'm talking about. I'll build a fire in the fireplace now. You might not actually here eggs, every single function word, and I'm saying I'll build a fire in the fireplace, right? You're not hearing every word, but you get the idea. So that's the idea. We want to get you fast enough to just say the words the content words well enough and well connected enough in order for it to make sense as you speak faster. So another one. I put the dishes in the dishwasher on Tuesday so you can see I'm emphasizing dishes, dishwasher and Tuesday. So these are the content words. I put the dishes in the dishwasher on Tuesday. Now the next one. I'm playing soccer on the field next week. Now soccer, football. Same thing. I'm playing soccer on the field next week. So soccer field next week, our content wards. Now, if I say it's faster, I'm playing soccer on the field next week so you can see there's a bit of a rhythm. There is a little bit more emphasis on the contact words. Uh, now let's take a look at some other ones. Now here's the thing I have actually a set of exercises for you in the description in a pdf file where I wanted to actually download and what I wanted to do is actually underline the words that are content. Words now go through each sentence, underlined each content ward and try to practice those sentences and make sure you get them . Right now, I'll have the answer sheet as well available for you so you know which ones are actually content words and compare your answers to the answer sheet and make sure you got the right ones. So let's do some examples. There is more examples available for you in the exercise sheets. He had finished breakfast before I arrived. He had finished breakfast before I arrived, so let's see. So finished breakfast and arrived are actually words that are content words. So he had finished breakfast before I arrived. He had finished breakfast before I arrived. Now, if I actually don't pronounce the's as well as they should, if I don't put this dress than and I want to speak faster. People won't be able to understand what I'm saying. So this is what I'm trying to get at. Make sure that you pronounce the words that are content warrants and put. They put the extra emphasis when you can't So yet finished breakfast before I arrived. Now next one, Phillip ordered a huge steak for dinner. So let's see. Philip is a content Ward ordered is a con network huge stake and dinner so you can see there's only to function words in there. But so it makes sense that we want to make sure that we actually emphasize all those words . Otherwise, if you speak fast and don't see those words properly, it's not gonna make sense. Philip ordered a huge steak for dinner. Philip, order the huge steak for dinner, right? So we're putting emphasis on each of those words when necessary. Now make sure to go through all the exercises, do the sentences, underlined the content words and put a little bit more emphasis and go ahead and do the practice. Now we're gonna have to look at some more examples. Okay, so let's take a look at some more examples. They will have to stay up late if they're going to finish their homework. So let's take a look. Now we have. They will have to. So they will have to Does not have Teoh get underlying than we have. Stay up late and then if they are going on, then we have finished their homework. So going to fill etc. They will have to stay up. They will have to stay up late if they're going to finish their homework. Right. So these are the continent Ward's next ones and must have been something in the air that caused Jack to shout. So let's see. It must have been something in the air that caused Jack to shout. So something air cause Jack, it must have been something in the year that caused Jack to shout. Must have been something in the year that caused Jack to shout. So you can see it. I'm speaking faster and putting emphasis on the right words must have been something in the air that caused, reacted shout right, So not speaking fast on the words that need to actually be pronounced properly. So next one, could you please be more quiet? So could you please be more quiet. Go. Could you please be more quiet? Right? Could you? So you can see I'm saying this pretty fast. Be pretty fast, and then, please, more quiet, putting my emphasis on those taking a little bit more time. Could you please be more quiet? All right. So these air some good examples. Now, make sure to go through the exercises that are available for you in the pdf underlying the words that are content words. Put more emphasis. Try to repeat it as much as you can and speed up your process of practicing. Now, uh, that basically concludes the sentence rhythm section. We're going to see you guys in the next section. 29. Sentence Contractions: Hey, guys, Welcome to this new section. We're gonna be learning about sentence contractions. Now there are seven words in the English language that can be shortened or contracted in order to be said faster. Now let's take a look. Words like to you of would have and Mawr have a tendency to, you know, to be contracted. Let's take a look How they look like now there were two when we saying going to we don't have to say going to every time we can say gonna gonna now try to make sure that you actually practice thes by putting them into sentences. Now, if you don't put it into sentences, it's not gonna be easy free to members. So they're gonna go over there and pay the bank, for example. They're gonna I'm gonna go to the bank. I'm gonna go shopping, I'm gonna go running so you can see gonna gonna. That's the easiest way to actually shorten going to. Then we have 12 can be wanna I want to go to school. I don't want to go to school. I want to go riding a bike so you can see 12 can be one of next We have have to have two can be said a little bit faster where you could send were weak and say half toe have toe have to go over there. I have to go to the bank. Have to go to the hospital so you can see we're not putting the V in there, but we're using it. F pronunciation in half toe have toe Then we have hasta which is has to. So it's similar to that he has to go to the hospital. He has to go to the hospital, so be saved faster. It becomes hostile. Then we have Hata had two becomes hot, so I had to do it. I had to go over and make sure he's okay, right? I had. And then we have used to used to becomes usta. So saying it of a little bit faster becomes you Stuff I used to go to school. I used to be passionate about music. I used to be passion about being a doctor, right, So used to means in the past, right? Next we got got to got to becomes gotta a common saying is you got to do what you gotta do . So you gotta do what you gotta do. Basically means you have to do what you need to dio, right? So God gotta, that's the other one. Now, sometimes we actually shorten you or contract you in order to make it faster for pronunciation. Did you becomes didja now? Usually wouldn't say, did you? We say, did you? And if you want to make it faster, we say didja So we make the Assad. And yet how did you go to the bank? Did you go to the doctor? Did you go to school? Did you go to school? Right? Next is could you could you becomes could you? Right? We have the asana. And could you do it? Uh, could you get it over with, like these airways to actually say, Could you or would you Would you pass me the salt? Would you go over there? Would you please stand next to the lady? So would you becomes? Would you? Next we have How did you How did you becomes? How Joe, Right? How Joe? How'd you do it? You know? So this is a This is a great way to actually say, um, you know, a question. How did you turn on the TV was broken or how did you? Well, that's a good sentence. So another one we have. What do you now? What do you becomes? What do you What do you So what do you think it becomes? It becomes. What do you think? What do you think? So you can see as I say Faster it becomes What do you What do you think? Next is where did you Where did you becomes words up? Now where did you go? Becomes words. You go. Where did you go? Where'd you go? Write another is what did you What did you becomes? Watcher? So for example, what did do you think about the dress? What you think about the dress? What do you think about the dress so you can see watcher replaces. What did you? Okay, great. So these air great great ways to actually improve your pronunciation for speaking like a native speaker. So another one is off off. So when we say a word like kind off, we don't say kind of we say kind up kind of. So we don't pronounce the f idea. So how do you say Um uh, that cat is kind of cute. So if I want to say that faster, I say that cat is kind of cute, kind of cute or ah, lots off. We say Lotta lotta. That is a lot of ice cream that is a lot of ice cream that is a lot of ice cream. Another one lots off becomes lots of. There are lots of people who think it's OK to go outside during Cove in 19. So there are lots of people who think it's OK to go outside. There are lots of people. We think it's OK to go outside or as a sort. This should be our here sort of becomes sort of now you can say that is sort of weird that it's sort of your status sort of weird becomes that is sort of weird, right, so sort off becomes sort of. So in all of these scenarios, off becomes just than awe and gets connected to the previous sentence. Great. Now we have would have what haps have a tendency to be similar to one to which becomes one us. So let's see how, with how it looks like she would have she would have becomes Shada. Now, this is Ah ah. I have a tendency to, um se would have as woulda. So when I say she would have opportunity to actually say she would A which is she would have. Now, if you want to say that even shorter, you'd say Shida so she would have known about it. Would have been. Should have known about it, right, That it sort of sounds like she would have known about it by a lot faster. So he would have known about it. He wouldn't heat up. He didn't known about it. All right? Did he know about it? While he would have known about it, he did known about it. Another one. We would have widow. We would have tried if we knew we would. We tried If he knew we too tried. If we knew another one, I would have becomes Ida. Now, I would have cared if I knew I'd a cared if I knew I do cared. If I knew I generally again, I would say I would, uh, because it makes more sense Now. Idea is super fast, so I encourage it to say this way. Uh, I personally don't. But I think it's a great way if you want to pick up your English and make it a little bit faster. Another one they would have. They would have known if they saw data known if they saw data known. If they saw another one, you would have ah seen the pizza. If you were here, you would have seen the pizza if you were here. So how do we say that you have seen the pizza? If you were here, you'd have seen the pizza. So you can see I'm shortening it, connecting it all together. You two seen the pizza. If you were here, so would have. That's a great one. If you want to practice that, make sure deposit video and practice the sentences as I say them and repeat them after me. Now, another one is a certain list of other contractors that we have in the English language. For example, we have the word. Come on, now. Come on. We have it. When we say faster, we say, Come on. So just put a K or a c and then followed by months. Oh, come on. Another one is Don't know we have a tendency. Say don't know. Don't know. Ah, Where did your son go? I don't know. Or where The where the dogs? I don't know, Don't know. So connected together. Another one is Let me becomes. Let me let me Let me lend you a hand. Let me lend you a hand, right? That's another one. Then we have must have must have becomes muster. You must have known about it. You must have known about it, right? Another one is might have might have becomes Maida so similar to must have I might have helped. If I knew Hamadeh. I might have helped if I knew I might have helped if I knew another one is. Could have could haves becomes coulda He could have joined if he was here. So if I say faster, he could have joined if he was here. So you can see there are a lot of ways to contract certain words in the English language. Now, this is great. If you want to pick up your speed in speaking and you wanna sound a little bit more like a native speaker, I encourage you to actually do the practices as much as you can and repeat the sentences or create sentences in your head that uses this. Sounds as I just did and make sure you practice them as much as you can. So this basically concludes the lesson on sentence rhythms and sentence construction. So I thank you guys for being here, and we're going to see in the next section. 30. Canadian Accent: Hey, guys, welcome to this new section where we're gonna be learning about the Canadian accent the Canadian slang is and the Canadian lifestyle. Now the Canadian accent is predominantly focused on a specific way of pronunciation. Let's get started and see what I'm exactly talking about. Now, do you remember the vowel sound? How it sort of was shown by a symbol with a and A capitalize you next to it. Sometimes we actually show it in written English with the O and W. Now let's see how the words below are pronounced. We got the word, amount, account and frown so you can see it has the Assad pretty simple. Now, how do you pronounce the words below, Out, about and house, right, So just a normal outside. Now Canadians actually have a tendency to make a little difference in a pronunciation of these words. Not necessarily all the words, but the second set of words. Now, why did I say that? So when how is followed by a unveil voiced continents such as T or S? It takes out a different shape in the Canadian accent, so let's see how it sounds like. Now the word out in American accent is just out in Canadian accent. It becomes out so you can see it takes on the who part, takes a longer predominance in the pronunciation. So I say owt out, out. The word about becomes about about you can see the old part starts earlier. We're spending less time on the and starting the O or who part earlier? So another one. The word house house house in American accent. It's house in Canadian accent. It's house house, so you can see we're studying the old part a little bit earlier. So this is how you can differentiate someone who is from Canada from other parts of, uh, the English speaking world. Now, uh, do all of Canada speak like that? Not necessarily, Maybe Eastern Canada. As a tendencies, you speak more with the Canadian accent or part of smaller cities of Canada. Now, again, this is your preference or whether you wanna, um, you know, take on this accent Onda speak with the with this sort of a pronunciation. So we also have on voice continents now where this this type of pronunciation appear. So it's always the hour, followed by the invoice continent now on voice continents. There are not that many of them in the English language, where we have our followed by on voice, constantly have the award house, which becomes house, and the word mouse, which becomes mouse right in the Canadian accent. Another one is the chip sound, so slouch slouch. Now what does the word slouch mean? It means to stand, move or sit in a lazy or droopy way so you can see I have the definition there in the page . But Canadian accent would be slouch, slouch. Another one is the word about. So we saw. We saw How about an out? Actually took on the Canadian ex. And now the word out appears a lot in the English language. It's followed by different words in order to make different phrase all verbs. So a phrase over Bleich clean outs becomes clean out or dig out, becomes big. Boat takeouts becomes take out, buyouts becomes by out so you can see it's just the out word that is predominantly determining theatrics sent in the Canadian language that Canadian English language. So final word that we have is mouth, which becomes mouth mouth right so you can see There is not any words that take on this type of a pronunciation. There's not now many words that have that vowel plus the invoiced continent, but as many as their This is how you differentiate someone who speaks with the Canadian accent versus the American accent. Okay, so this concludes the lesson. We're going to see you guys in the next section. 31. Canadian Slangs: Hey, guys, welcome to this new section where we're gonna be learning about Canadian Swank's. Now we're gonna get started with the pronunciation of a Now Canadians have a tendency to actually use this sound all the time and the tend to use it for approving of something or offering something or even giving you compliments. So let's take a look at some examples, see how it looks like. So if I want to ask someone to go on a bike rides our confirmed whether they are going for a bike, right? This is how I would ask Hey, bud, you go not for a bike ride. A so a which is sort of just written as a and why you can see we can we can pronounce it that way. So eight nice phone A. So a in this scenario is basically just confirming that you're giving a compliment and approving of the fact that the person has a nice phone. Another one is offering a doughnut. Do you want to do in a day so pretty funny, but still Canadian way of actually trying to approve or offer something to someone so you'll see Canadians use this all the time. I encourage you to actually use this if you are in Canada and, you know, surrounded by people who have a tendency to use this sound on their conversations. Another one is the word connect. Now what does cannot means cannot actually means a Canadian. It's a noun the Vancouver hockey team uses of the Canucks as their title. They basically called themselves the Canucks, which means the Canadians. Another fact about the Connect is the comic superhero, which is called Captain. Can I call Put a picture up of him so you can get to see how he looks like. So that's Captain Connect. Next, we have Timmy's. Now Canadians refer to Tim Hortons as Timmy's. Now, if you are in Canada, you know what Timmy's and Tim Hortons is. It is a chain, coffee shop or cafe for Canadians, and it is very much popular, like Starbucks around the world. So, um, we also have a tendency to order a double double when we walk Intuit importance. Now what is a double double double double is basically a coffee with two units of sugar and two units of cream. So if you ever walk into a Tim Hortons. You you can ask and I have a classic doughnut, plus a double double. Please. Can I have a double double, please? So that's how you can order a double double when you walk into Timmy's. Another fact, or another sort of pronunciation that different sheets Canadians from Americans is the pronunciation of Toronto. Now Americans have a tendency to say Toronto, so they pronounce the second T, whereas Canadians pronounce it as Toronto Toronto. So no pronunciation of the second t ain in this work. So that's how you can different shade Americans from Canadians in their pronunciation of that sound. Another one is protein. Now Poutine is sort of a national dish in Canada, where it's just french fries topped with gravy and cheese. Kurds. Now it's pretty popular after a night of drinking, and it's also pretty popular. A za cure for a hangover. Next, we got Hawaiian pizza. Now Hawaiian pizza has a misconception that it is actually born in Hawaii. But in fact, Hawaiian pizza is from Canada. A Greek immigrants named Sam Chronopoulos claims that he actually created the Hawaiian pizza in Canada back in 1962 on. The reason is called Hawaiian pizza is because of the fact that is topped with pineapples and ham, which are pretty audie ingredients for a pizza. Next, we have a Caesar. Caesar is basically a, um, a cocktail that is made out of Clamato juice, which is a mix of a tomato juice with other ingredients. Then we have some vodka, Tabasco and some other ingredients in there. Now it's pretty popular. It was made back back in 1969 in Calgary. And if you ever walk into a restaurant, a pub or a bar in Canada, you can you will never see that this won't be on a menu. So pretty popular item in Canada. Another one is took now to is basically a hat, a winter hats that a Canadian stand to wear in the colder months, Americans refer to it as the beanie. So this is also a great way to differentiate someone who is American versus Canadian Americans. Sent to call it Beaver, as Canadians call it's a took cool. Then we got the Looney in the Toon. If you are in Canada, you know what to me and loonie are now the boonies. The $1 coin the reason it's called a loonies because of the fact that it has the picture of a loon on loon is a popular bird in geography of Canada. On then we have two knee, which is the $2 coin, which, what the reason? It's called a two knees because of the fact that it follows the sound for Looney. It's a $2 coin, plus, uh, uni so it became a tooni. So this concludes the lesson that I thank you guys for being here. We're going to see you in the next section. 32. Canadian Lifestyle: What's up, Everyone in this section, we're gonna be learning about Canadians and Canadian lifestyle. So first we're gonna start with something that Canadians appreciate a lot, and that's personal spits in many part of the world's people greets in a very close space there. There's a tendency for people to hug each other and kiss each other. Canadians, on the other hand, they really appreciate their personal space. When it comes to greetings, they have a tendency to actually take at least one meter apart from India, each other when they're talking to each other, meeting a neighbor or friend. Although in the French speaking parts of Canada like Quebec, there is a less concept of personal space. And that's because, uh, because of the French background of that area, people tend to actually touch each other's arms and shoulders when they're talking in a friendly manner, giving each other kisses and hugs. So Canada is a pretty diverse country, and there is no right way. But generally it's important to keep your personal space win. Attracting with a Canadian second is the fact that Canadians air supercollider and this is what Canadians air mostly known for around the world. We tend to be very informal at the same time friendly. It's also important to stay polite in the interactions as well. So another thing is the fact that Canadians say Sorry. Now this is something that people of Canada are very humble about. If there is a problem or something, that raises tension between two people as small as just people bumping into each other. Canadians have a tendency to actually apologize first, and the reason they do this is because of their politeness and also to reduce any tension and avoid any arguments. So another reason Canada is very much known for its politeness. Another one A's outfits and dressing. Now, in the colder months in Canada, we usually wear a took to keep our heads warm. Now, in America, they actually called it a beanie. But in Canada, we call it a took. Another one is as the temperatures decreased below zero degrees. You can see a lot of people in Canada wearing gloves and thicker jackets like park cause and also boots. So it's important to keep warm and dress really warm when it comes to the winter and cold parts of Canada. Another ah fact about Canadian dressing and outfits is the fact that people in Canada were shirts that have a plaid pattern in black and red. So this is a pretty common pattern of clothing of casual clothing. So if you ever wanna hang out with your friends and go outside of work and, you know meet people, black and red colors are in a plaid pattern are pretty popular. Next, Canadians have a tendency to actually wear neutral colors in their fashion, so they're not very complicated. They're not very shining, shiny and bright, like the European fashion gray, black and whites actually are predominantly existent in the Canadian fashion culture, and Canadians have a tendency to keep their fashion pretty simple on not too overwhelming. So this basically tells you all about how Canada differs in its, you know, culture and lifestyle. I hope this gives you guys some good information on, basically, concludes the lesson for Canadian lifestyle. Thanks so much