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Business English | English Language Pro

teacher avatar For Your English, English Made Easy

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

22 Lessons (1h 15m)
    • 1. Business greetings | Part 1

      2:55
    • 2. Business greetings | Part 2

      4:29
    • 3. Assignment: cultural differences

      0:22
    • 4. Describe your work

      1:24
    • 5. Assignment: Describe your work!

      0:17
    • 6. Greetings for people you see often

      3:55
    • 7. Small talk | Part 1

      3:35
    • 8. Small talk | Part 2

      6:48
    • 9. Small talk | Part 3

      6:47
    • 10. Prepare some small talk!

      0:31
    • 11. Marketing idioms

      4:53
    • 12. Sales idioms

      6:31
    • 13. Negotiation idioms | Part 1

      3:27
    • 14. Negotiation Idioms | Part 2

      4:35
    • 15. Negotiation practice

      0:12
    • 16. Meeting idioms | Part 1

      3:27
    • 17. Meeting idioms | Part 2

      4:01
    • 18. Business idioms practice!

      0:24
    • 19. Job interview | Part 1

      3:55
    • 20. Job interview | Part 2

      4:00
    • 21. Job interview | Part 3

      4:07
    • 22. Job interview | Part 4

      4:24
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About This Class

Be yourself when doing business in English!

With Business English Pro, be fluent, be you and never be confused!

  • No time wasting, only the best business English greetings, small talk and culture advice

  • English language fluency for any situation

  • Be comfortable in the English language

  • Understand American culture

  • And more...! 

Can't wait to see you in the course!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

For Your English

English Made Easy

Teacher

 

I'm Kallan from For Your English 

and I'm here to help you get fluent in English!

*

Improve your English grammar, speaking and conversation, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, business English, American slang, idioms, phrasal verbs +  any other English language skills you need!

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Talk to you soon and message me with any English questions!

Kallan

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Business greetings | Part 1: creating your business identity in English. You're ready to focus on some business English, which means we need to start by looking at how greetings could be different. And when I say different, I mean generally more formal, but not always. You're also going to learn great vocabulary idioms and about business culture in the US so you can feel comfortable working with Americans. What we'll do now is translate the business skills and confidence you have from your native language into English so that you are taken seriously to take someone seriously. It means to respect someone and view them as important, and you deserve respect for all the hard work you've been doing to improve your English. Let's get started and look at greetings. Business greetings when you're not greeting a friend or family member, the most important question to ask yourself is What is my relationship with this person? Because depending on the type of work you do, you don't always want to be formal. If you appear to formal, you look and sound like a robot, which means you will appear in authentic an authentic means fake, not honest and the type of business English you need might even change throughout the day. So in every situation, ask yourself, What business identity do I need for this moment? Is it a serious meeting with the board of directors or a casual lunch with a client, where you need to appear relaxed and friendly while drinking a beer? Let's start with formal greetings and then move on to casual greetings so you can speak English with dignity and command respect in any type of business conversation. Formal greetings. I recommend formal greetings with people you are meeting for the first time. I don't know well, and with anyone who is in a more senior position, meeting someone for the first time. When you meet someone in person for the first time, you have a few options. Hello, Hello Mr So and so nice to meet you. So that's for a man. And we use their last name. For women. It's a little trickier because women have two titles. Miss if she is unmarried and mrs if she is married. So if you are meeting a woman for the first time, do your research before you meet her. So you know which title to use. Hello, Miss. So and so nice to meet you. Hello, Mrs So and so nice to meet you. So, miss Sounds like Miss and Mrs sounds like Mrs We use so and so when we are giving examples in the person's name isn't important like here I wanted you to focus on the titles showing if a woman is married or not, You can also use it when you're telling a story and forgot someone's name If you don't know if a woman is married, it's probably better to avoid saying her last name and just say hello. Nice to meet you using the wrong title when meeting a woman can be insulting because generally Mrs is for married women or older women, Miss is for younger women or single women. 2. Business greetings | Part 2: who you're meeting. If the person you're meeting is in a more senior position or you're in a more formal situation like an interview, use hello like we just did. However, if they are a new colleague meeting someone you work with and has a similar job or position , feel free to use high. And then nice to meet you. That is a small difference, but I always suggest you treat your superiors the people like your boss, manager or supervisor that work above you. Ah, little more formally, especially at the beginning of your professional relationship. No matter who you are talking to, say the greeting confidently and sincerely to appear professional and direct as well. You want to give a nice firm handshake when starting the greeting. Depending on where you are from, I need to stress this. Do not give a weak handshake. As an American, I can tell you that it's better for your handshake to be too strong than for it to be too weak. A weak handshake is the worst way to introduce yourself, but don't do this. Don't give a Donald Trump handshake. That's too much, but I would rather your handshake is closer tow, whatever that is than a limp handshake the opposite of a firm handshake we call a limp handshake. It is insulting to have a limp handshake. For many Americans, the handshake is more important than the spoken greeting. Remember, you are making your first impression meeting. The person you are meeting is creating a mental image of you that can last forever. A limp handshake shows them that you are not interested week and lack confidence in yourself. So be firm. This is especially true if you are negotiating and need to appear in command of the situation, meaning you are the one in charge in power. After your greeting, the focus will turn to the main topic or small talk. First, Small talk always has the same structure. No matter if you're speaking in formal English or business English, Small talk is usually talking about the weather, bringing up a current events topic or asking questions about the other person that are appropriate depending on how well you know them. To bring something up means to introduce a topic for discussion, and current events are the things happening in the world. The popular news stories at the time. Small talk happens after the initial greeting and is used by Americans to fill pauses in a conversation or when the conversation doesn't start naturally by itself as well is often used when you first meet someone but don't know what to talk about. Also, when you are with other people, but you can't think of a good conversation topic. So you pick an easy one that everyone should know about, like a hot topic in the news or the weather that day. Ah, hot topic is an issue that a lot of people are talking about, but that also creates a lot of disagreement. And other times. Small talk for Americans is a way to try to avoid being silent and not appear route casual . First time greeting. If you're meeting someone for the first time and the situation is less formal or more business casual, we can just say hi or hello, followed by Great to meet you even more casual is hey but on Lee use. Hey, if you want to sound quite informal often with first time greetings, we will say you must be so and so you only say this the first time you meet someone in person and it's used to make sure you are greeting the correct person. Hi. You must be Bill. How was your flight? A. It was long, but it's finally over and you must be. Samantha is nice to finally meet you in person. If you want, you can put the person's name. You are meeting after the hi or hello. It's especially helpful if you're not positive. It's the person you're looking for or to practise saying someone's name to find out how to say it correctly. High a B shake. Yes. Great to meet you. If you're not sure you're talking to the right person. Like maybe you have to pick up a client at the airport. Ah, great expression is high. Are you blank and then the person's name. We can also say their name. And then right, if we aren't positive, we're talking to the correct person. They're both very common. To pick someone up means to meet someone at a place and give them a ride to their destination. Hi. Are you Mr Smith? No. Sorry. You must be looking for someone else. Hi. Are you Mr Smith? Yes, that's me. You must be from the law firm? Yep. Do you have all your bags? Are you ready to go? I've got everything. Let's go. Hi, Mr Smith, right? Yep. That's me. OK, great. Let me take you to your car. 3. Assignment: cultural differences: ready for some homework. Let's start with some culture. I already told you about the cultural importance of a handshake in the US when meeting someone. What about where you come from? What are some important aspects of your country's business communication that you think are the same or different than how Americans communicate? Write them down and I look forward to chatting with you a little bit more about them. 4. Describe your work: explaining your work. After you meet someone new and introduce yourself, it's typical to be asked about your work and then explain the job you have or the type of work you do, usually in a more formal setting. The first question you get asked after introducing yourself is about work in a more informal setting. The first question you are asked is usually about your hobbies or interests. The most common questions people will ask about your job are What do you do? What do you do for work? What kind of work do you do and what kind of job do you have? There's a few ways you can respond first. I work in blank here. The blank is the sector area or type of work, like sales, education, politics, finance, engineering, hospitality, etcetera. The next way you can respond is I work as a blank or I'm a blank, and then the specific job or position that you have. For example, I work as a chef. He works as a freelancer. She works as a teacher. We can also say I'm a chef. He's a freelancer, She's a teacher. What kind of work do you do? I'm an accountant at Deloitte And you? I work in advertising as a sales representative. So what kind of job do you have? I work in education. I'm an economics professor. What about you? I work in the food sector. I used to be a chef, but now I help farmers sell their crops. So as you can see, if you want to return the question toe, ask someone what they do for work you can simply respond with. And you? Or what about you? 5. Assignment: Describe your work!: homework. And now I've got some homework for you. Tell me about the type of work you do. What field or area of work do you work in? And what is your specific position, or what do you hope your position will be in the future? Can't wait to see your response and look forward to learning more about your career. 6. Greetings for people you see often: greeting people you see often, I suggest business casual greetings for people you work with every day speak too often or have developed a more casual relationship with when doing business by business casual. I mean, you won't use very informal street slang type greetings that you learned at the beginning of the course, but you also don't want to be too formal. I suggested business casual greetings for people you work with every day speak too often or have developed a more casual relationship with when doing business by business casual. I mean, you won't use very informal street slang type greetings, but you also don't want to be too formal. Americans are generally more informal in business situations, so we use business casual quite a lot. But it still depends on your relationship with the person, especially if you are on a first name or last name basis, first name or last name basis. We have two expressions to be on a first name basis and to be on a last name basis with someone. If you call someone by their first name, then you are on a first name basis. This is quite common in American English and indicates you know each other and are more casual in speech. This is often the colleagues you work with and see every day, as well as other employees that are in similar positions or paid similar salaries at your work. The only time you should call your boss by their first name is if they tell you it is okay . Otherwise, you might appear in polite. If you are on a first name basis with someone at work, you can use more informal English greetings. Even greetings like what's up can be acceptable. But a more business casual level would be how are you and how are things to respond to these greetings? You can say I'm good or things are good. And to return the question, Ask one of these and you and how are you and how are things with you or just and what about you? Let's try now I'm going to ask how you are, and then you respond and ask me how I am. How are you today? Good to hear. I'm good too. I'm having a lot of fun helping you with English. Now, if you are on a last name basis with someone. It means when you talk to them or address that person, you Onley use their last name, not their first name. This always indicates that your relationship is more formal and that you should avoid more casual or informal English greetings, vocabulary and expressions, unless if you notice the other person using them first. Regular greetings to use and more formal situations are good morning, good afternoon and good evening, followed by the person's title and name. Slightly more informal. You can also say hello or hi and then the person's title and name Business culture in the US is generally seen as being more informal than other parts of the world, so don't be surprised if business titles are ignored and first names are used right away. However, it's always a good idea to start more formal and then use informal English after you understand the work environment better after these greetings is common to ask how the other person is The most common way to do this is by asking, How are you or how are things? This is often done quickly as a courtesy to be nice, but not always because we want to talk to the person. It's a very general question that allows the person to give a very quick and polite response or to respond with personal information if they want to share it. If someone doesn't really want to continue the conversation, they will just say I'm good. Things are good or something brief like that. But if they are polite, they should at least respond with something like and you, so that you can answer. You may respond the exact same way or share any information you want to. If the person didn't finish by saying and you or and how are you? It's a clear sign they don't feel like talking. The quicker the response you get, the less likely the person wants to have a real conversation. 7. Small talk | Part 1: your guide to small talk. Small talk were an app you download. It would be called conversation light. You've probably downloaded an app on your phone that has a light and premium version, meaning of free and paid option. Small talk is the light free version. It's a sample of conversation we use with people to get to know them to learn more about a person. Small talk happens after greeting, and introducing yourself is more informal and is used primarily to help you talk to someone you don't know very well or with the person you just met, like when networking and at social events. Because in these situations we are just experimenting with topics while we learn about new people. What topics work, what topics don't work and who is this person I'm talking to, anyways? We also use the same small talk topics with people we know well. But with people we know well, it's now the paid premium version, which is called conversation. We go into much more detail and can ask much more personal questions related to these topics because we are already comfortable with each other as well. Small talk is a tool you can use to see how someone is feeling is what we call a barometer to check someone's mood to see if someone's feeling happy, sad, angry or joyful. For example, before you ask your boss for a higher salary, you small talk to see if he's in a good or bad mood that day. If he's in a bad mood, ask for the raise after his mood improves and finally related to US culture. We use small talk a lot because we don't like silent pauses in our conversation. And making small talk is a good way to avoid that. As you become more comfortable with someone, The need for small talk in these situations tends to disappear, we say, to make small talk that just means to start talking to someone about the topics we associate with small talk. How to be good at small talk. If you want to be good at small talk, you need three skills. First, asking open ended questions about a person or about things you think they are interested in . It's easier for us to talk about ourselves. We have the answers to all these questions and are usually more eager to respond to them. So ask these types of questions. It also shows the person you're talking to, that you are interested in getting to know them. Ah, yes, no question is a question that is designed to have you respond by saying yes or no. Because of that, they are more difficult to make small talk or real conversation with open ended questions. Encourage the person you're talking to to give longer, more thoughtful and meaningful responses that allow you to learn things or be able to continue the conversation easier to get. To know someone means to learn more about someone to build some type of relationship. Second, actively listen and be engaged so you can remember the most important information and be able to ask relevant questions or make small talk smoother, meaning easier in the future by remembering helpful information about that person. Small talk with someone is always hardest the first time, but if you actually listen, it immediately gets easier because you continue to build your knowledge and understanding of that person. Third, be enthusiastic. Focus and pay attention. But don't stress yourself out too much about small talk. It's actually a fun activity. You can do to learn more about another person, so be excited about it because you're positive energy will encourage the other person to say a lot more, but at the same time, also, be ready to stop making small talk because maybe a person is just having a bad day and you should try again later when they are feeling more talkative. 8. Small talk | Part 2: What topics to discuss. Topic one. Where are you if you're making small talk for business situations or for meeting acute person at a bar? Look around you. What questions can you ask about the city? Is there a sports team? What about the room or building your standing in mentioned something you notice about the conference room or the bar you're in to get things started. Talk about a place you recently visited or ask the other person about places they recently visited or plan to visit in the future. And are you a local or just visiting when talking about a city? A local is someone who lives in the city and has more knowledge about places and activities than someone who is just visiting like a tourist. If you're both locals, you have a lot of things to talk about because you both know the city really well. If one of you is only visiting, you can offer suggestions about things to do or ask for advice about things to do or how to navigate the city. And remember, if you don't know someone at all, the main use of small talk is to see if the other person even wants to talk to you. Sometimes people don't want to network with you or are not interested in becoming a friend or romantic partner. And that's when even the best small talk fails. So don't waste any more energy on that person unless it's a business. V I. P. You have to keep happy for your boss topic to what do you do for fun? I enjoy listening to someone talk about things they are passionate about, and it's very easy for me to talk about things I enjoy as well. So ask what they do during their free time or mentioned what you enjoy doing for fun to see if they appear interested in your hobbies. Your free time is the time that you have available to do whatever you want. We also call this leisure time. This is our time to relax or do something we enjoy. Topic three. What are they wearing? If you're in a business setting, you're less likely to talk about what other people are wearing, especially if you're talking to someone of the opposite gender, like a man talking to a woman because it will probably be viewed as flirting flirting is when you talk to someone because you are attracted to them and you talk in a way that tries to show that you were romantically interested in them. But if you're a guy and you see another guy wearing a really nice suit that you want to wear at next week's meeting, feel free to give a compliment and then ask, Where did you get it? Or where did you buy that blank? The blank being a suit, tie, dress, shoes or whatever to be more polite put. Do you mind if I ask and then your question? But don't ask about price in American culture, asking how much something costs is usually inappropriate, usually related to a person's house. As you get to know someone, this becomes less of an issue. The one thing you can always ask the price of is food and drink a on mark. Great suit, man. Do you mind if I ask where you got it? No, not at all. I'm Dan, by the way. I bought it a while ago when I was in Italy. What was that place called? That blouse you're wearing is so gorgeous. Where did you get it. I'm Deborah, by the way. Great to teach you. I'm Lisa. I bought it at Macy's last week. It was on sale. Isn't it great if you start talking to someone or making small talk before introducing yourself or if someone you are with, I forgot to introduce you. We often say I'm so one. So, by the way, or by the way, I'm so and so. It's just a nice expression to introduce yourself after already starting to talk to someone . Remember, though, if you are man talking to a woman or a woman talking to a man, don't compliment someone's clothes in a business situation. But what if you're not in a business situation, then complimenting anyone's closes? Fine. But remember, it's mostly used by native speakers to show physical attraction to show you find that person attractive. If I have a very close friend of the opposite sex, it's fine to ask this question with someone I'm just. Meeting, however, is often used for dating and flirting, so be careful and only use it if you want to give that meaning topic for food and drink. Most people like food. Some people love it so much that they cook and bake at home, and other people love it so much that they spend hundreds of dollars on a nice meal. If you're at a restaurant with someone, ask what are you feeling related to food? What are you feeling? Means? What do you have an appetite for? What are you interested in eating or drinking? Another question. Is anything pop out? Meaning Does anything on the menu seem interesting? And to see what someone's going toe order to drink? Ask, What are you drinking or what do you want to drink? If you see someone at a bar or club that you want to talk to and you see that they have a drink and easy way to start talking to them is to ask, What are you drinking? It's an easy question because they will respond, and you can mention whether you like that drink, give a suggestion for a drink they might like or just say something like cool before completely changing the topic toe whatever you want. If you meet someone without a drink and you would like to offer them one, you can say, Can I get you a drink or can I buy you a drink? This question is usually asked when we are trying to pick someone up at a bar or begin flirting. So this is four dating and romantic situations. If they are interested in you, they will say Sure and probably tell you a drink they would like to pick someone up is a dating expression we use for when you go to a place trying to get a cute persons telephone number informally called their digits, or to take someone back home with you. Topic five Sports Sports is a reliable conversation starter, especially when talking to men. The biggest mistake I see people make is talking about sports when they are not actually interested in the topic. But if you like practising the sport itself, then mentioned that, for example, you don't watch basketball, but you play it every night with friends at a local gym. Mention that because if someone is interested in a sport, there's a good chance they play it as well or do other physical activities that you might have in common. Topic six Weather Talking about the weather is the most popular topic for small talk. We talk about the weather when it's nice, when it's bad and everything in between with friends. We like to complain about bad weather and talk about what we're going to do when the weather is good. But for a small talk, whether it's mostly for starting the conversation with someone you don't know well and then changing to a different topic for any type of weather. A great question, you can ask someone is How about this weather? If you ask this question and the weather is really nice, you're basically saying good weather. Don't you agree? And if it's bad weather, you're saying this weather sucks, doesn't it? You are guaranteed a response from how about this weather and the more extreme the weather is at that moment, the longer you will talk about it, the more average the weather is at that moment, the quicker you will want to move on to a more serious topic. But you can also ask questions about what they like to do when the weather is behaving a certain way. Like what do you like to do when it's raining so much? Or what do you like to do when it's so sunny out? 9. Small talk | Part 3: Topic seven Work for networking or talking to people you work with work is probably one of the first things you will talk about because it's relevant to the situation. It makes sense that you will talk about your work because it's something you obviously have in common and the other person won't mind talking about. But in some situations where you're with colleagues or people from networking events, you might want to avoid it, for example, and informal lunch or having drinks after work and other more casual situations you might find yourself in with people you also work with is easy to know when to avoid the topic, because someone will say something like, Can we not talk about work? Or do you have to talk about work after someone tries to talk about it? I can't believe someone opened an attachment and downloaded that computer virus this week. Do we have to talk about work? This is a time to relax. Yeah, that's fine. What do you want to talk about them? In any other situation not related to networking or people you work with, you might mention what you do for work right when you meet someone. But the more informal the situation, the less likely you are to do that. Usually we start by talking what interests and hobbies. And don't ask about work until we've talked to someone for a little bit. If you mentioned your work too early in informal conversation, you risk appearing to formal. If you want to appear business oriented and focused on work, mention it as early as you want. But if you want to appear more casual, relaxed and approachable, save it until someone asks you about it or if you have a very interesting story to tell other people. Topics to avoid. In the United States, there are a few topics we only want to discuss with. People we know Well, that's because of these. Topics often cause disagreement and argument. So obviously not the best way to meet someone. One. Avoid politics. If you want to have an argument, politics is an easy way to do that. Ah, political issue might be the thing most people are talking about, but rarely is political news, good news, and many people actively try to avoid it. In fact, if politics is being discussed, it's easy to become the center of attention the person people want to talk to. If you can find a different topic that is less divisive, meaning less likely to cause a dispute. Small talk works best with topics that unite people, not separate them, to avoid talking about physical appearance. I think it's obvious that in business settings you don't talk about how someone looks. There's no reason for it. Second is just not something we make small talk about in English speaking countries. We do talk about how people look, but it's for real conversation with people you know well, because it's usually talking about people you are attracted to or possibly commenting on what someone is wearing or how they look, not a topic for people you just met. Three. Avoid religion. The only reason you might talk about religion in small talk is because your job is connected to it or you are meeting people for the purpose of talking about religion. For example, if you join an online dating app that is supposed to help you find a partner of the same faith in American culture, the topic of religion is often related to abortion, birth control and other very political issues, so don't talk about it. Mature content, Dirty jokes if you don't want to be known as the person telling, dirty jokes are always talking about dirty topics. When we use dirty this way, it means anything related to sex. An inappropriate adult humor off course. We all talk about these things, but it's with our friends. Sex is a taboo topic, even more so in the US compared to other English speaking countries, So using it in your small talk will immediately make people avoid you. A person's age in business talking about or asking about someone's age can likely be viewed as discrimination or harassment, so just avoid it. If someone is older, there is the chance they think you're asking about their age because you assume they're too old should retire. If they're really offended, you might be reported for ageism. That means discrimination against a person because of age. Ageism usually refers to older employees but can be applied to younger employees as well. For example, younger employees might be treated as unknowledgeable or not taken seriously, meaning not listen to with respect. So if you ask a younger employees for their age, they might be offended because it's typically or question people ask when they think someone is too young for the amount of authority they have been given. But what about outside of work? Culturally, there are several important factors. First, young Children always seem proud of their age. So asking a kid how old they are, boy or girl is something they will happily answer for teenagers. They are around the legally defined ages of smoking cigarettes, 18 in the US and drinking alcohol 21 in the US For those reasons, age might be a question they are often asked about. But unless you're a police officer or a bouncer working at a nightclub, I don't know why you would be asking them their age. And for adults. The general cultural understanding in the U. S. Is that it's fine to ask a man's age if you're curious, but that it's in polite and rude to ask for a woman's age. Here's my advice, though, for both men and women on, Lee asked for a person's age if it's actually important or necessary for you to know, because I think both men and women are offended if you ask as it might indicate you think they look either too old and ugly or young and immature. Be ready for bad responses to your questions. Whenever you ask a question. When making small talk, be ready to answer the question yourself if the person you're talking to doesn't give much of a response. For example, if I ask someone, do you like to cook and they just respond? No, not really. I'm going to explain what I either really enjoy it, dislike it as well, or why they should start doing it. This is a good strategy to see if you just asked a bad question and should move the conversation onto a different topic or if the person is just not interested in you and remember to, people might be upset before they start talking to you or really exhausted from a difficult day. Ah, lot of the time it has nothing to do with your English skills. Fun goals to start enjoying meeting people give yourself goals and objectives like talking to a certain number of people in the night, exchanging contact information at least once or maybe five times and, most important, just try to enjoy it and Maybe the best advice. Treat new people you talk to like they're already your friends. This will help eliminate some of that anxiety you feel and make others see you as a much warmer and nicer person that they want to talk to. Now that you can great people in any type of business situation and have a new, profound understanding of small talk and its implementation in business and general situations, let's look at some of the most important business idioms related to marketing meetings and negotiation. 10. Prepare some small talk!: but first homework. It can be hard to make small talk. So to help prepare, I want you to imagine that we're colleagues or business associates meeting for the first time, and I want you to have some small talk topics prepared as a way to start a conversation or just make the time. We're spending together less awkward, so give me at least three topics you can use for those moments. And if you really want to challenge, give me three topics for a formal business situation and 34 informal situations with friends or meeting new people outside of work. 11. Marketing idioms: marketing idioms Marketing is promoting products, doing market research and advertising. More generally, marketing is goods and services, starting from the creation of an idea all the way to delivering it to a customer. So let's look at a few important idioms to help discuss marketing. Bring something to the table If you are part of a team, what you bring to the table is your talents and skills. It is what you contribute that can be beneficial to a larger group. This is almost always used when talking about an individual and how that person can help other people. But it might also sometimes be used to talk about how something will be helpful or have a positive impact. This is also a common interview question, basically meaning How will you contribute to this company? What skills do you have? How will you help us and to respond? You can just mention the positive traits you have or use the idiom in your response. What I bring to the table is or I bring blank to the table. If we hire you, what will you bring to the table? I bring years of excellence to the table as well as a proven track record of success that has helped companies succeed. A track record is your performance over a period of time. Hopefully, you have a good track record and not a bad track record. Why do we want to sell this product? What will selling this luxury product bring to the table for our company in the long run in the long run is another way of saying in the long term, and what they both mean is far in the future, not immediately, but further down the road after a long period of time. Eventually, the opposite is in the short term, which is used to talk about immediate consequences and things that will happen soon. So the long run is talking about things that are far away in the future, and the short term is talking about things that could be seen quickly in the long run. Where do you see yourself in 20 years? I see myself at this company building a strong team and continuing to improve the marketing department. And let me ask you now, in the long run, what do you see yourself doing for work in the future? All right, and What does your near future look like? Tell me about your short term career goals as well. Very cool and well said, too. Land something to land. Something means to get something. We can land a job, land an account, land a promotion, land, raise, weaken, land. A lot of stuff when we land something. We're saying that we got something that we worked very hard to get and deserved it as well . There's often an element of surprise when we land something because it's never certain that will get it. Great news. I landed the job. I start next week. You got the job. That's awesome. We landed the contract. They're going to use our firm to market the new product. That's great. We're going to make a fortune working with, Um, no, I didn't land the job. They said they preferred a candidate with a better track record to pay off. If something pays off, it means that it delivers. It gives a return on investment, or you get your money back from a bet you made, or you get even more money. So basically you are profiting, gaining or getting rewards from something. If you purchase something and it pays off. It means that the product was worth the money. It was a smart purchase. If a new employee you hired pays off, it means that they are doing a great job and were the best employees that you could hire. They are worth the money you pay them. If a bet pays off, it means that your bet is successful and is returning a lot more money than you bet. Then you wagered. We can also use this as a noun, a payoff or for there to be a payoff. Oftentimes, a payoff is a payment of money given to someone sometimes as a bribe, a reward or an amount of money and employee gets when leaving a company. There was supposed to be a huge payoff for taking such a big risk, but almost nothing has changed. It really paid off, deciding to call in sick because I feel 100% better. Now. I'm investing in this new company, and I really hope it pays off in the near future. Word of mouth word of mouth is basically free publicity that something receives from people talking about it with other people. It is sharing information by oral communication among interested consumers. Usually word of mouth is positive. It is sharing positive information about something with others. There might be some initial money spent to publicize or promote a product, but when people start talking about and discussing it in large numbers, that is word of mouth as well. Happy customers will tell people they know about the product and convince them to use it as well. People found out about the documentary by word of mouth. I think it really started to be talked about after a few celebrities posted about it, and then everyone else wanted to find out what it waas. I didn't find out about your company by doing research. Actually, a friend told me about your service and suggested I try it, so I discovered it through word of mouth. 12. Sales idioms: sales idioms. We've looked at some marketing idioms, and now let's shift to meaning change to sales idioms. Sales is most generally defined as exchanging a commodity, something you sell for real money. A sales person tries to sell things right. A sales team is a group of salesmen in sales women doing that, and now you can do it a little better with these expressions, not all it's cracked up to be. This expression is almost always negative, and what we're saying is that something is disappointing or leaves us feeling disappointed . The thing or sometimes a person fails to meet our expectations is not what we hoped it would be if I buy a phone, and I think this phone is going to be super awesome because of what people have told me. But after I buy it and experiment with it, play around with it, it's not so good, then it's not all it's cracked up to be. It's not as good as I was told. I am disappointed in it. It's disappointing if I hear that a movie is supposed to be amazing, but then I watch it and it's just OK. Or maybe even bad In my opinion, I can say it's not all it's cracked up to be, So this expression is used when we want to say that something is not as good as other people say it. ISS were saying. Other people are exaggerating its value were saying It's overhyped if something is hyped, it has a lot of attention and publicity, so people are paying a lot of attention to it, and it's a neutral term not good or bad. But if something is overhyped or really hyped, that means too much attention. In the opinion of the person talking I played, the new game you told me about honestly is not all it's cracked up to be. I got bored pretty fast. I like his paintings, but they're not all they're cracked up to be. I mean, they're just average deliver the goods. If we expect that a product will be amazing, like a new phone we buy for a lot of money, but then it's not all it's cracked up to be. That is disappointing, and we can say that the company that produced the phone did not deliver the goods. To deliver the goods means to provide what is promised or expected, and this expression is especially used when talking about the performance of a product or the performance of a person. We can also just safe or something to deliver or not deliver by themselves and have the same meaning. In fact, it's more common in general English to use the shorter version. So if I hire you toe work at my company, I expect that you will deliver the goods, meaning that you will work hard and contribute in a positive way. If you don't deliver the goods, it means that I might need to fire you or try to improve your performance in some way. If I buy a new TV that is supposed to have the clearest image imaginable, but then it just looks average. I can say it didn't deliver the goods. So when I think doesn't deliver the goods, it's very similar to saying that it's not all it's cracked up to be. But when talking about a person or company, it means to underperform to not do what is expected. Apple used to deliver the goods every year when they announced a new iPhone by introducing huge software advancements. But nowadays they're big announcements aren't older, cracked up to be, and the only introduced gimmicks a gimmick is a feature that doesn't offer any real value and is on Lee really applied to something as a trick. Essentially is a way to convince people to buy something without offering any extra value. The adjective weaken uses gimmick. Their announcement today didn't deliver at all. Consumers were expecting a huge improvement in the camera, but Ali introduced was a gimmicky new feature that is nothing more than a Snapchat filter. Their customer service reps always deliver the goods. That's why I pay more to use their service in the pipeline. If something especially a product or service, is in the pipeline, that means that it is currently being developed or worked on. Another expression we can use is in the works. For something to be in the works. To work on something means to develop something. Tech companies always have a lot of products in the pipeline, like there's always a new phone in the works to be released next year. I'm always busy creating new courses. Right now, I have a new business English course that's in the works, and I hope it will be finished next month. Apparently, Tesla has a new car in the pipeline that will only cost $30,000. That's a lot cheaper than the cars they currently. So selling point a selling point is a feature of a product you buy that makes it attractive to potential customers. So a specific product will have several different selling points. If you enjoy taking photos. An important selling point of a smartphone is its camera. If you play video games, maybe UM, or Important selling point is the types of games available on the phone. And for some people, the most important selling point is that you can actually call people. So almost every product has various selling points that are more or less important to various people. Weaken generalize an important feature by saying it is a main selling point to say the opposite. We just say it's not a main selling point. We can say our selling point or of a selling point in most situations, both are good for wealthy people. The low price is not a main selling point, however. For regular consumers, it is the main selling point. There are several selling points. We're focusing on for this product. First, it's reliable and never turns off unexpectedly. The second selling point is its affordable price, and the third selling point we want to focus on is the customer service you get. If you do experience any problems sold on something, if you are sold on something, it means that you are convinced you believe in something or you trust what someone told you . When you finally accept that someone is right or that you believe something, you can just say I'm sold. If you're not convinced. Yet you can say I'm not sold or I'm not sold yet. We have a phrase over for this to sell someone on something to sell someone on. Something means to successfully convince someone to persuade someone to believe what you are saying. I'm telling you, invest in the company, You are going to get so much money back after they go public in the stock market. I don't know. I'm not sold yet. They have a great product, but it's still under development. And I don't like the CEO. Hi, Mr Smith, we have a new type of paper that will be great for your business needs. It's a little more expensive, but just give me five minutes to explain its benefits, and I'm sure you will be sold. All right. Tell me about it then. But if you can't sell me on it in five minutes, then I don't think I'll ever be sold on it. And we'll just continue with the same paper we've been buying already. 13. Negotiation idioms | Part 1: negotiation idioms. Negotiation is a skill that you need no matter what you do in life. A good negotiator is a person that makes sure they only do the things they want to do and that they always reach the best agreement available. So if you're a business person or not, these idioms will be great for making sure the ball is always in your court. The ball is in your court. If the ball is in your court, we are basically saying two things. One, you take the next move, meaning you decide what to do next. Second, it is now your responsibility. It's up to you. It's your decision what to do next. So if negotiating with someone or debating and they say the ball's in your court, they are saying your turn, your turn, your opportunity to now try to deal with the problem or issue. And after you do this, someone else will probably have an opportunity to act. The ball will then be in their court. If you're in a negotiation and someone says the ball is in your court, they are saying that it is now your opportunity to do something to take action or to decide what you want to do next. When the ball is not in your court, that means it is not your responsibility or that you don't have control or cannot decide what to dio. Let's imagine that we work for in manufacturing plant in China. We want to charge Apple more money for the hard work components we manufacture to be used in their phones. So in our negotiation toe, earn more money. We say something like, we're going to charge you more. Here is how much money we want. If you decline, we will completely stop producing these components for you. And we end by saying the ball is now in your court, meaning you can now decide what you are going to do. Are you going to accept our deal decline or try to find a compromise? It is Apple's turn to negotiate now in more general English. The ball is in your court can also mean that something is your problem now. It can also be a way to say I did what I was supposed to do. Now you do the rest. You do your part and finally it can just mean you decide I prepared my part of the presentation, and now you need to finish your part before tomorrow. So the ball's in your court. When you are elected president, the citizens of a country are basically telling you that the ball's in your court. You decide what to do now. What should we eat for lunch? I don't care balls in your court. You decide what the ball's in my court. What do I always have to decide? Beat around the bush? If you beat around the bush, it means you are in direct. You are trying to avoid direct confrontation. We can also say you are doing something in a roundabout way. In the US, we are typically very direct. We don't beat around the bush when doing business or expressing our opinions. However, especially in parts of Asia, is part of the culture to beat around the bush to be less direct as a way of being polite. What about in your home country? Do people tend to beat around the bush, or is it generally encouraged to say exactly what you're thinking directly to someone? Sir, there was a problem yesterday. We don't know whose fault it is but stop beating around the bush and tell me what happened . If you want to get a raise, you need to tell the boss directly how much of a raise you want and why you deserve it. If you beat around the bush, it will appear that you don't really deserve it. Plus, it's always better to be direct when negotiating. When talking about your salary, how much money you earn. A raise is an increase in the amount of money you earn, and typically we either ask for a raise or get a raise. 14. Negotiation Idioms | Part 2: call someone's bluff to bluff is when you pretend to be about to do something or lie or exaggerate about a situation to deceive someone. When you bluff, you don't know if the other person will believe what you're saying or not. When the other person suspects that you are being dishonest, they can call your bluff, meaning to make it clear that they don't believe what you're saying. So if you think someone is bluffing, you think they are lying or being dishonest about what they are saying. Almost always, someone bluffs in order to trick you, to deceive you in order to take advantage of you. This happens all the time when playing cards, especially poker. One player will bluff, meaning pretend that they have really good or bad cards in order to trick other players. But if the other players are really good at the game, they will know when other players are bluffing. When you make it clear that you don't believe someone, we say this is to call someone's bluff. This manufacturing plant in China threatened to stop doing business with us if we didn't pay more for their components. I knew they were bluffing though, because there are no other companies that will pay the price we pay. So we called their bluff and told them that we would buy the components from a different plant. They didn't think I would call their bluff, and now they're pleading with us to buy from them again. I was playing cards against this guy who always smiled when he had a really good hand. So when he would say that his hand was poor, I knew that he was bluffing because he was smiling. When playing card games like poker, your hand is the value off all the cards you have. So if you have good cards worth a lot of points, you have a good or strong hand. If you have cards with little value, you have a bad week or poor hand. Common ground. Do you have friends with whom you share the same opinions and interests so you agree about certain things or enjoy doing some of the same activities? Well, then you have common ground. Most commonly, if you find common ground with someone, it means that you agree about something. You share the same opinion, like your studying English. So we can agree. We find common ground about the idea that learning English is important made. We both also think that it's important to dress well. Now. We have common ground on two things. So we find common ground with someone that means to discover the things you agree on and in general. To be in agreement with someone about something means to have common ground with someone about or on something. Common ground can also be used, though less commonly, to talk about shared interests or hobbies that you and another person have. Generally, it's used this way when you meet someone new and you don't know what you have in common with the other person, what things you both enjoy doing and talking about when talking about interests. It's common to say, to find common ground in something that means to find a specific activity that you both enjoy or find interesting. Let's say I meet someone at a party. It seems like we have nothing in common, no shared interests until we find out that we have common ground in the music we listen to . We both like the same kind of music that is our common ground and in this case, common ground really means shared or similar interests. We don't share all interests, but we have at least a few, which is our common ground. But I think common ground is much more commonly used when talking about having the same opinion or finding some way to agree on something by locating areas that you are in agreement on. The politicians at first said they did not agree with each other at all. However, they finally found common ground when they realized that they both support giving money toe low income citizens who have jobs. The last example is good because often we try to find common ground in order to solve a problem or locate a position we both agree on so that we can move forward from there. So finding things that we have in common is a great way to understand each other better or work better together. My girlfriend and I have very little common ground when it comes to our interests. She likes country music and I like rock and roll. She wants to live in the countryside and I want to live in the city. But when it comes to how we view a relationship and starting a family. We have tons of common ground. I'm having trouble finding common ground with this new client. The client doesn't want to spend money, but I believe you need to spend a lot when starting a new advertising campaign. The client also doesn't want to use social media, but I think it's essential. The only common ground we have right now is that the client degrees that I'm the best person for the job now we just need to have some common ground on how to best start this project. 15. Negotiation practice: it's time to practice what you just learned. And the idioms you just learned are great for business negotiations and for use in general English outside of work, too. So make some examples for both types of situations, and I'll be here to help if you need it. 16. Meeting idioms | Part 1: meetings. A meeting is a gathering of people, also called a conference in business settings, where you generally discuss and debate certain topics for the idioms related to meetings. I'm going to focus on the best ones for starting and ending a meeting, introducing new information and showing who should be speaking. This way, you can be in control of a meeting with just five easy to learn but super helpful expressions. Hold a meeting toe hold a meeting just means that it is going to happen. We can also say to have a meeting if we want to describe where we use in after these expressions and then a place like were holding a meeting in five minutes in the conference room, the sales team will be having a meeting in the cafeteria to discuss quarterly profits. If you're having a meeting where people mostly communicate by phone or a similar device, we can just say to have or hold a teleconference if there is video of the people you are talking to. That is a video conference to focus on who is organizing the meeting. We can just change the subject. The boss is having a meeting in five minutes. Lisa from HR is having a meeting to discuss the dress code. The dress code is what a business allows employees toe wear and what clothes it doesn't not allow them to wear at work. The person who runs a meeting is the person who is in charge. They decide what the meeting will be about, what topics will be discussed, the length of the meeting and everything else. Jim is running the meeting, so if you have any questions, ask him. And when the person running the meeting is ready to start, we can also say to get the ball rolling to get the ball rolling just means to start to begin. A less common expression, but used specifically for meetings, is to call a meeting toe order. This is much more formal, and I don't recommend you use it. Instead, use one of these. Let's get the ball rolling. Let's get started or time to get started. Okay, listen up. Let's get the ball rolling because we only have 30 minutes to discuss the merger. A merger is when two or more companies or different parts of the same company combined they merge into one all right time to get started. How are we going to drive? Sales in business drive often means to increase, so drive sales means increase sales drive interest means to increase interest. But when someone says your drive, it means your motivation and determination to have the floor. Now that you have gotten the meeting started, there's a very good chance that you want a specific person to talk and have other people listen attentively to introduce the person who should be listened to. We say that person has the floor. All that means is that it's their turn to speak. Listen to that person. That's all I have to say about the issue. Now Lisa has the floor to tell you what the advertising department is working on. Please listen. I have the floor and you especially need to know what our plan is and how it's going to change next year. Save any comments you have until you have the floor. So if someone has the floor is just their turn to speak in a formal situation. If someone is interrupting, you say, Excuse me, I have the floor. It's a nice way to tell them to shut up if it's not as formal or if you want to be stronger and telling someone to shut up, say, excuse me, I'm speaking. It's still polite, but much firmer, more direct and better for formal and informal situations. To shut someone up means to tell someone strongly that they should stop talking. If you tell someone to shut up, it is quite offensive and rude. We only use shut up when we are upset or in a bad mood. 17. Meeting idioms | Part 2: put something on the table when you want to make a suggestion or offer an idea that other people will decide on and debate, we say to put something on the table when you put something on the table you are presenting or suggesting a plan toe other people to be discussed and either agreed on or rejected When something is taken off the table. That means it is no longer available for discussion. It is no longer an option or available for debate, So if something can be discussed or changed, it's on the table. If something is not able to be changed or discussed, it's off the table in American English to table. Something means to discuss it later to make it temporarily not a topic for debate or discussion until a later date. So basically the same as taking something off the table, but for a temporary period of time. When an American says to table something, it means postpone or delay until later. However, in British English, it's the complete opposite. To table something in the U. K. Means to discuss a topic immediately and without delay. So if you are in the United States, it means discussed later. But if you are in the UK, it means discussed now. Finally, there is a similar idiom to bring something to the table. This expression is used when describing a person and what traits, skills and characteristics they offer and will contribute. Ah, popular interview question is, what will you bring to the table at this company? Meaning what good skills and benefits will you offer? I think I bring years of experience, insight and the ability to lead teams to the table. What I bring to the table is the ability to think outside the box to think of new ways to do things, to move that after an idea is put on the table, everyone needs to express what they think should be done related to it, basically show their opinion and what direction they want to go with it, like being in support or opposition of it. One way to show your opinion is to say, I move that blank, and then what you think I move that we accept the offer before they change their minds. Our board of directors moves that we find a new CEO. To change your mind is to change your decision or opinion about something but move that is quite formal, probably too formal for you. So instead, I think you should use I propose that blank or I suggest that blank thes airballs Great for sharing your opinion and what you think should be done. I suggest that we hire a freelancer to fix the website interface. I propose that we freeze bonuses for top executives until we fix this problem a follow up meeting. It's very difficult to discuss everything you need to in a single meeting. So often times we have a follow up meeting. Ah, follow up meeting is a second meeting on the same topic that is held at a later time. Remember, we will have a follow up meeting next month to see how well this plan operates. You might have a follow up meeting because you ran out of time during the first meeting or because you need to see how things change in the future and then re analyze the situation in the follow up meeting. So the follow up meeting will be on the same topic but held at a later date. I had my first interview with the company last week. Tomorrow is actually my follow up interview, so they must be considering hiring me. Two other super popular expressions are to follow up with someone, and to follow up on something to follow up with someone means to talk to someone later in order to get new or updated information about something and to follow up on something is quite similar. But we're focused on the thing we want to discuss instead of the person we're going to discuss it with. Are you free next week to follow up on what we talked about today? Sure, I'll be happy to follow up with you to see how things are going. I love the topic of the book you're writing whenever you have some free time. I would love to follow up with you to see how it's going or if you need any help to avoid Writer's Block Writer's block is when you can't think of anything to write or are unable to write anything new. We say to have writer's block when we have trouble writing anything new 18. Business idioms practice!: your next assignment. So you are now ready to hold a meeting. Express your opinion. Tell people toe shut up. If you need to tell someone it's their turn to speak, end a meeting and schedule future meetings as well. You've also learned the best negotiation, sales and marketing idioms to make sure you never forget these terms or how to use them. Right? Some examples with this vocabulary so it stays fresh in your head. 19. Job interview | Part 1: because to date we are looking at the most common interview questions for starting the interview. So saying hello introducing yourself and other questions that usually come towards the beginning. Hi, how are you? You probably don't even associate. The first interview question with the actual job you are applying for is just small talk. It's very likely there will be at least some small talk, but the amount varies. These air greetings like How's it going? How are you today? And nice to meet you. If it's your first interview and there's lots of candidates, the small talk will be brief, but you still need to appear like the type of applicant they're searching for when making the small talk. If it's your second or third, the small talk will be longer and more intimate. So be prepared for that. Because even if the small talk is just high, how are you Today is going to demonstrate a lot about your personality and how you communicate with others. So depending on the type of job you're applying for, you need to either be more casual, outgoing, relaxed or professional from the second you say hello. Small talk is your first impression, So you need to be comfortable with it. Then tell us about yourself to start an interview. The most common question that companies ask is not actually the question. It's a request. Tell us about yourself. It looks like a very open question meeting. There are a lot of possible ways to respond, but it isn't. There's a very simple formula. This question is basically asking you to outline your resume what Europeans call a CV by describing your present or most recent experience first than outlining relevant past work, experience and education before finishing with the future yourself moving forward, you should be able to do this in under two minutes, and everything you're discussing related to your present, past and future should be relevant to the position you are applying for and make you seem like a better candidate than the rest. Remember relevant experience and knowledge on Lee. Don't go off topic like when writing an essay. If you go off topic, you lose points, even if your response is amazing because you're not answering the right question. What tell us about yourself is really saying is this. Tell us why you are the right person with the right experience and the right future ambitions for this job. And then what do you know about the company? This question requires you to do previous research about the company toe, understand their mission statement and priorities. Beyond that, it requires you to think about how your career ambitions, experience and skills will complement the businesses, mission and goals. So don't simply dictate what you read online or from talking to other people with insider knowledge. Personalized what you know about their company to show that you care about what they do and how they do it. Do find the most important keywords that the business uses to describe their mission, then personalize it into a response that demonstrates how compatible you are with it as well. By doing this research, you might find that you have some questions to ask them questions to ask about what the company's growth plans are about. The company's growth plans, why the interviewer likes working there in similar questions to decide if the job is a good match for you, you're turned to ask questions is usually the last part of an interview 20. Job interview | Part 2: we already looked at introductory questions. Ah, little bit. So now let's look at some of the meat and potato questions related to your strengths and weaknesses. Whenever we talk about the meat and potatoes of something, it just means the most important part. We can also say the meatiest part number one. What is your greatest strength? When you're asked about your strengths, it's important to characterize them according to the job you are applying to. You can use the same specific strength for any job you are applying for, but you want to make adjustments targeted at key words they used to describe the position and highlight your amazing abilities in ways you think they will appreciate them the most. So before the interview match your greatest skills and achievements with what the company says are their requirements and preferences in the job listing. Make a list what will cry? What requirements do they have that you can do well or are more than qualified to accomplish? You will likely be asked similar questions related to different responsibilities for the position you are applying for, so pick at least three things you do above average. You want to show your skin. It's not just talk about them. So have clear and concise stories ready to talk about your skill in the appropriate context . Instead of rattling off random qualification after qualification, giving more details is always better. Then giving more examples to rattle something off means to speak without stopping to speak a lot and quite quickly, but with no important information to give an example. Let's say that I am excellent at anticipating market changes. I should tell a story about the time I read the market. Well, how I did it possibly mentioned how I developed that skill. Maintain it and how it will bring great r a Y to the company. Hiring me R A. Y is return on investment. And if you don't present your strengths with credible stories, they won't hire you because you don't appear to present any R A y. What's your strength and how can you describe it with a story? Okay, Number two. Now your greatest weakness. To answer this question well, you need to be honest with yourself to answer it brilliantly. You need toe honestly. Want to improve who you are at work and already be working to improve yourself, because what you want to do is mention a skill or qualification that is not your strongest , but how you are actively working to improve it. Now, if you are being honest about the skill, you probably have a good story to tell. If you're being dishonest or picking something out of sin air, it will be obvious that you're lying and didn't think about how you can become a better employees and a bigger asset for the company to pick or choose something out of thin air means to choose it randomly and without preparation or purpose. So don't don't do that in an interview. You are not. You are not saying that you're still really terrible at something. You're showing them ways that you have improved personal weaknesses and persevered to turn them into burgeoning strengths for something to burgeon means to grow. And you always want people to think you're growing. This question is likewise asked in different ways throughout an interview. So pick three things you have worked to improve in your professional life that demonstrate your value to the person interviewing you 21. Job interview | Part 3: we've discussed introductory questions, strengths on weaknesses in the importance of creating stories. Now let's look at the most common tail end questions tail end, meaning the latter part. The second half of an interview. Let's start today with Why are you leaving your current jump? If you are quitting a job to find a new one, you want to be honest, precise and direct. Don't lie about the situation because, most likely they will be contacting people you worked with to inquire about your performance and job related skills When answering this question, especially at the last job situation, wasn't a pleasant one. Think forward and think, Think positive, reference the future and design your answer. To present yourself as a developing and ambitious employee ideal for the work environment you're applying for. Do this to give the I do this to give the interviewer the idea that you are thinking of the future and the possibilities that come with it. Not stuck in the past. To be stuck on something means to be obsessive, too, not be able to think about other things. And if you didn't have any recent employment history, I said just immediately finding independent ways to show that you are serious about improving your skills and presenting yourself as a professional. Take in person or online courses related to your career. Volunteer. Go to networking events at 10 conferences and do whatever you can do without holding a traditional job blogging and creating a social media profile on a site like linked in. It's also a great way to get noticed and stand out. Next question. What are your salary expectations? That's my question. What are your salary expectations? The salary question look simple, but is very tricky to answer. If you haven't done research, if you give a price that's too low, you're low balling yourself, meaning not getting what you are worth. If you overpriced yourself, you are probably out of the running for the job you're applying for. To be out of the running means to no longer be a competitors. No chance of winning. Sites like Glassdoor dot com are excellent to see what the media average salary is for similar job positions and prepare you to confidently answer this question with no hesitation. Now describe a blank type of situation you handled or experienced and how you dealt with it . This type of question is going to be about a typical type of conflict related to your type of work. And the reason and the reason in the last part I wanted you to think of three strengths is because it's really asking for how you positively react to negative situations at work. So think of a difficult situation you managed and the strength you have that allowed you to do it while keeping control. We're keeping the problem under control. This is also more of that storytelling we talked about, so find something specific and go into detail. More detail is always great, but just giving more generic examples is not. And finally, how most interviews end? Do you have any questions for me? First of all, if you say no, it appears that you're not terribly interested in the job or aren't well informed or experienced enough to know what questions to ask. So before the interview, prepare a list of questions you can ask that are one relevant to the position you are applying for or two related to the company that might hire you so you so you can learn more about their mission and directive and probably the most insightful three. Definitely consider asking other people in the room what they think about their jobs and about the work environment. You might soon be spending countless hours in, so good luck. 22. Job interview | Part 4: before you turn in a job application or having interview, there is some pre preparation that's quite important. So let's look at some of this first recommendation letters. Wolf. No matter what job you're applying for, there will be a part of the application that asks for some recommendations. A person, a person that basically verifies your skills and qualifications most often three or more as a general rule, never used family members as a recommendation. Unless if you work together and even then try looking somewhere else because it just doesn't look good to use someone if you are related. But what should you do? If you don't have enough recommendations? Well, it's time to find some, right. If you are still in school or had a good relationship with any faculty, contact them. It might seem out of the blue meaning not expected. But if you want the job, you will do it. Start going to networking events and attending social events related to the type of work you want to do. It's a great way to meet people who probably have connections, meaning they know people who might be able to help you find a job. Finally, volunteering is always a good idea because it makes you appear enthusiastic, motivated and a person who takes action any type of volunteer. The project is rich, but try and find the best one suited for the work you see yourself doing in the future. When you have your recommendations, you must give them some information about the job, mentioned the position and highlight the skills they are looking for. You want the recommendation letter to specify your strengths and personality related to the job you want, and next practice in these interview videos were highlighting the most important interview questions to practice and by yourself, you should be practicing out loud with as many questions as you confined. If you can practice in front of family or friends, if you can't use a mirror on, record yourself to see how you sell everyone applying for a job will have similar experience and and education. By practicing and becoming comfortable and confident with all possible questions, you will set yourself apart, meaning get noticed and do it quite easily. Now let's talk about the night before assuming you have been practicing regularly up until the day of the interview. Relax and visualize what the day will be like tomorrow. Plan your mornings. You don't have to worry about being late. Determine what you will wear and do any last minute research about the company, the position and what specific type of employee they are looking for. So you could be so you can't present yourself accordingly. Accordingly just means appropriately. One important note. If you have a phone interview, phone interviews are tough because the connections surely are not perfect and you can't see the other person's body language. Because of this. The most important thing is to speak clearly confidently and deliberately when I say deliberately, I mean with purpose and on topic. It's all the same advice for a video interview, but even more important is to pre plan where you will sit for the interview. You want a clean, bright and clutter free background for a video video interview. Clutter is small junk that makes you look disorganized. Don't want that many people think a cafe is a good idea, but cafes are really loud with grinding beans and making espresso. So if you don't have a good location at home, find a comfortable professional in quiet location somewhere else and test the connection beforehand.