Building Your English Brain | Cloud English | Skillshare
Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
16 Lessons (3h 8m) View My Notes
    • 1. Course Introduction

    • 2. Tips

    • 3. Reading

    • 4. New Words

    • 5. Idioms

    • 6. 4-Word Exercise

    • 7. Variations

    • 8. Full Variations

    • 9. Listening

    • 10. Listening Practice

    • 11. Thinking Exercises

    • 12. Writing

    • 13. Movies

    • 14. The Internet

    • 15. Routine and Attitude

    • 16. Summary

75 students are watching this class

About This Class

If you can't think in English, you can't become totally fluent in English. That may sound a little bit strange, but it's true. Translating your language into English will keep you from being able to naturally communicate. This course will push you to use your English brain. It includes exercises, techniques, and a rigorous path toward fluency. This course is absolutely essential for anyone ready to take their English to the next level. 

You will be able to see my face and mouth clearly in each video lesson, and I will use a blackboard at all times. 

Each lesson focuses on a single idea, and each is comprehensive. Students can go at their own pace and should take their time, with lots of practice between videos. Replaying each lesson is highly recommended. 



1. Course Introduction: Hello. My name is Luke. No UK eat. And if you don't know me, I'm an English teacher from America. And welcome to this course on building your English brain. Now I want to in this very first video explain what the course will be about. I want to introduce the course to you. So let me do that. An English brain. What I call the English brain is your ability to think in English when you're speaking in English. Very simple. If you want to be a good English speaker, you must have the ability to think in English. This seems obvious. Yes, of course. But how to do that is the difficulty part right, how to begin to think in English. So in this course, we're going to talk about a lot of different ways that we can improve this ability to think in English. If you're thinking in your language, not in English, you won't be able to sound natural. You won't be able to sound really, really fluent. And so in order to do this, we must learn these skills. So in this course, I'm going to be first teaching you some general tips. Things you can do generally to improve and practice this English brain thinking in English . Okay, and then we'll go on from that. We'll talk about reading why reading is really important and how to read the right way to read on what kinds of things to read to improve this English brain. Okay, reading must be part of your English exercise. English practice, English progress. Okay, The next part is we'll talk about vocabulary learning words, how we learn words. Okay, Vocabulary. I'll be writing on the board like this. Vocabulary simply means words. Okay, The right way to learn words, very important to learn words in the right way. There's a right way and a wrong way. We'll talk about that. Then we'll talk about idioms. Idioms are little expressions that don't change, and we'll talk about when to use them when not to use them. I'm not going to teach you too many. I'm going to teach you the way to learn them. Okay, so you won't be learning many, many, many words or idioms or long pieces of literature in this course, and you won't be learning that you'll be learning the methods. The ways to study English to improve your English brain. They Then we'll go on after that and we'll talk about some specific exercises practice that you can do, which I've developed for my students to help them really, really improve their English more quickly. Okay, one is called the Foreword Exercise or the Foreword Challenge, and this is a really great and very simple thing that you can do to really start thinking in English a lot. Okay, I will go on from that Will do variations. Variations is another really important on and useful tool that you can use to improve your thinking ability in English So we'll talk about that. Will practice. It would do a few examples of that, and then, um, will go on to listening how we can do listen as a way to improve the English brain and we'll do some examples of that. From listening will go on to the right way to think things that you can do during the day to always be improving, how to begin to actually just think about speaking without reading, without writing and to actually think, and we'll do some some small writing exercises as well in the course. Um then we'll talk about how to use different resources. Resources means what you have to help you learn. This course is a resource for you to improve your English, especially your ability to think in English. Well, there are other resources your your vocabulary books. Maybe a dictionary might be a resource. Well, movies, The things you read TV shows these things are also resources, and we'll talk about how to use these resources to best develop your English brain, talk about movies, talk about TV, talk about the Internet and how to use these things to practice and improve. Okay, then I will give you a daily routine. I'll give you a routine for what you can do every day, and you really only need to spend generally between 30 minutes and an hour every day to improve. Generally improve Andi. It can help you improve your fluency, your ability to think in English and generally your ability to communicate naturally in English. Okay, so I'll give you this routine, and I think that can really really help you. If you do it, you will see improvement. You will improve over time. You must You must. Okay, so I hope you enjoy this course. I hope you can make it to the end because there's a lot of good stuff on the way, and I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson and the next lesson. We're going to just be going over some simple tips, a few things to keep in mind when you're actually studying English. Onda generally for improving your English skills, so I will see you in the next lesson. 2. Tips: All right. So in the last video first video, we just introduced the idea of an English brain. What is it and talked about the things that were going to be doing in this course? Remember, an English brain? Simply What I call an English brain is just your ability to think in English. And I want to, in this lesson, just talk about ah, few things that you should remember on a few basic tips. Um, for this course and after this course for all of your English studies. Okay, a few things to we could say, keep in mind a few things to keep in mine. So let's go over a few things. The first thing to remember is that you're going to have to work hard if you want to be fluent. If you want to be a great English speaker, you've got to work hard. You may be asking for or wanting a very fast little trick to become an awesome English speaker. Well, this depends on the students. Some students can improve really quickly, But generally I can tell you if you want to be good at something, you have to practice it. This is obvious. I hope you don't think that at the end of this course you're going to magically be affluent English speaker. Of course not probably. Okay, now I hope you can take the things from this course on. Then practice the ideas from it again and again until you do become a fluent English speaker. That's the idea. So I just hope that you keep in your mind that practice is the thing that gets you to fluency, not just learning. Right. Learning is the first step. Ah, I see. That's how I should do it. Now I'm going to take that idea and do it many, many, many times. So learning something is often not enough, you have to learn it on. Apply it, do it, practice it many times. Practice will get you to where you're going, but you have to practice in the right way. Now some students say, Well, yeah, I know I should maybe learn to think in English when I'm speaking, but that's not the only way. I can also do it another way. I can learn by or through my own language. All right, I'll think in my language and then speak in English. And then I will become fluent both ways. Air. Okay, No, you will not meet and you cannot meet Ah, person who thinks in their language and at the same time speaks in another. It doesn't happen if there's a perfect speaker of this language. Or maybe they learned that language when they're speaking that language perfectly. They're thinking in that language. And if they change and speak in another language, maybe their own language than their thinking in that language, the on leeway. The only way there's only one road there aren't two roads. Both are not OK. The only way is to learn to think in English. If you do not do it, you will not be a fluent English speaker. It's that simple. If you do not do it, if you do not learn to think in English, you will not be a fluent English speaker. I can promise you. I've asked a lot of successful students. I've talked to a lot of successful language learners. I had a lot of experience teaching students and the ones who succeed. The ones who do it well are the ones who change their way of thinking and start thinking in English. It's the only way. So both ways are not OK. Another really important thing to remember is that time does not equal success. You can spend a lot of time doing the wrong thing, doing things the wrong way on. One of the perfect examples of this is the way to study words. Now we'll be talking about that very soon. In another lesson will be talking about that. The time that you put in, plus the methods that you use together. These things can make you successful. This is a way to improve English effectively. You can spend a lot of time learning words an incorrect way and not see much progress. I've met students in the past who studied for years, two years studying every day, almost nothing. Almost no progress. Um, it happens. So time is not the only thing. It's also about the way you do it. Time is important. You need time, but it's not the only thing. Now you see three words here, play jump, swim. Why did I put these three words here? All right, well, it's simple. Um, don't think of English as this very, very hard thing like Ah, science. Where this is this right? If you do this, you will get this. And, um, this is the only way this can be. Don't think of it like this, because if you do that, you won't really challenge yourself to think creatively in English. So you have to be able to think creatively in English, to be able Teoh, to do well to be able to improve. So play with the language. Play with it. Have fun with it. See if this and this works together, right? If you learn two things or you learn something new, try to see if you can make it work in this way and then maybe ask. Is this right? Ask someone who knows. Is this the right way? Don't only follow what someone teaches you write, someone teaches you. This is right. Well, that might be right. But something else might also be right. So when you learn something, lay with it. And by playing with it, you explore mawr about that thing you learn. This is a really great way to understand more about the language, how it works and what you can do with it. Also, I have the words jump here. Jump means not to have any reservations. That means don't be shy. Don't be shy. If you have the opportunity to speak in English. Speak. Try. You might think I'm not good enough, right? I don't know exactly how to say it. I don't know the right words to use. Just try the ones who improve more quickly are the ones who just try. Okay. Maybe you don't know the right word. Is there another way to say it? Can you describe it instead of saying the word? So jump into it. B'more. Enthusiastic, energetic, used every opportunity or chance that you have to use and practice English. And by doing this, you will be around English more and you will find out where your problems are. I tried this. It didn't work. They didn't understand that. So next time, maybe I'll try this way. Ah, that worked. Okay, I got it. But if you never tried, if you just sat back and say, Well, I'm not good enough. I don't know the right words. You'll never know. This wasn't right. You'll never know. This was weird, right? Being wrong. Sometimes sounding strange, sometimes sounding incorrect or being incorrect. Sometimes that's OK. That is okay. By making mistakes by jumping in and making mistakes, you will actually improve. So don't be afraid. Don't be shy. Just try. Don't be afraid. Don't be shy. Just try. It runs good swim. Swimming. Basically what I mean is immersed yourself. Immerse yourself means to surround yourself with the language. If you want to learn a language, how could you learn it? Just by looking at little pieces of the language? Say English from your own language. If you learn English through your language only Ana, you learn the meaning off that word with your language rather than that language. Yeah, maybe. Okay, you might learn something, but it won't be very deep and you won't be able to really, really get a feeling for it. Right? And it also might be a little bit slow, and it certainly won't help you to think in English, which is what this course is about. So immerse yourself, be around English as much as you can. The best way to do this is to go to a new English speaking country and live there. But not everybody can do that. Right? So there are many ways to surround yourself with English, and I'm sure you know some of those movies TV, radio, reading articles, literature, poetry, Um, listening to to a lot of different things. All of these are ways to immerse yourself to swim in English. Okay, don't be afraid to surround yourself with the language you're trying to learn. That's called immersion. And if you do it, you're more likely to improve more quickly. Andi, you're more likely to be able to think in English, and you're more likely to be able to get a feeling for English. Okay, so play jump, swim. I have, ah, 30 minute rule for anything you want to learn. You can't just do it sometimes and not others. You need to do it regularly, right? Just like if you want to be strong, you want to build muscle Well, you won't be able to build muscle if you go to the gym once every two weeks, you'll maybe build a little muscle and then lose the muscle and then you go back to the gym . Two weeks later, you build a little muscle, you won't see much improvement. What's the same for English? So you need to make clear rules for yourself. I mentioned that you need to spend time, but I want to be a little more specific now. Every day you have to practice English. You have to keep English in your mind every day, and I have a limit about how much that should be at least 30 minutes. Guys, you have to spend at least 30 minutes seven days a week for as long as it takes to become really good at English. Okay, it's not asking a lot 24 hours in a day. 30 minutes is not that much. I think spending mawr than 30 minutes is better, of course, but no less than 30 minutes, right? At least challenge yourself 30 minutes a day. Make time. If you're serious about it, you will Okay, so 30 minutes a day and get into the habit of practicing or doing something with English 30 minutes a day and you will see results. If you want to be good at something, it's often difficult to see what your own problems are, so you need some kind of feedback now. This is really the reason that teachers exist, right? Teachers exist mainly to give you feedback about what you do to help you improve, whether you're at the gym with your personal trainer or whether you're in class with a teacher. So the teacher is there to guide you. This is one way to do it. You need some kind of feedback, So taking a class is good. Okay, as long as you can get feedback so you can know what you're doing, right? What you're doing wrong. Which direction you should be going if you can't get a teacher, there are other ways to get some feedback. You might, um, find a forum or a place where you can ask questions and get answers to your questions. Okay, now there are many different places where you can do this. But this is another idea. There are other ways. Maybe your friends are also learning English, and you can use them as a way to get some feedback about what you might be doing right. What you might be doing wrong could form a group and practice together and give each other feedback. This is a good way as well. It's not that so. In any case, it's important to have some kind of feedback, some way to find out how you're doing, right, because you might be doing something really, really wrong. And then you make that wrong thing a bad habit, and then it will be really difficult to change that bad habit. So some kind of feedback is pretty important. Some way to ask questions, at least at least now. The first of these is okay. Most people can handle that idea. The second is a little more difficult for some. The first is to make English part of your lifestyle. I had mentioned that you should spend 30 minutes a day at least doing something with English, doing some of the things that we will be talking about in the rest of this course. Um, so make it a habit that's making it part of your lifestyle, right? But another aspect of that lifestyle thing is that you don't really think about right now. It's time for me to study English. Now it's time for me to spend 30 minutes, which I hate practicing English. So this, um, isn't the best way of doing it. This I wouldn't consider really lifestyle lifestyle. English means you just do it on its part of your routine on. You don't hate it. It's just something that's there on. Actually, it's better if you can enjoy it. So the next part is to try to enjoy the process of learning English and trying to become more fluent. The students who are most successful usually are the ones who really, really enjoy learning English actually, like learning English. If you like doing something, you're much more likely to be successful at it. If you hate doing something, it is less likely that you will be good at doing that. So try to find something about the language that you enjoy. You can still improve. You can still get better if you don't really like it. But it's certainly ideal if you confined something about it that you really like. That is the best situation, Okay, so try to enjoy it, make it part of your lifestyle, okay, and that's that's really important. So in the next lesson, we're going to be talking about how we can learn and practice by reading the importance of reading and how we can read in the right way to develop our English brain. So I will see you in the next lesson. 3. Reading: So in the last video, we talked about some general ideas things to remember, to help you to learn how to think in English, very general things. So in this lesson, we're going to really, really start actually doing some real practice. I some real work toward being able to easily think in English. So we're going to be talking about reading today and the importance of reading by the way reading is really important. Okay. You may be thinking, reading boring. I don't need to learn to read. I want to be a good speaker. You might be thinking that or you might think while reading, of course reading. But But I already know how to read. I know what reading is. Why are you talking about it, Luke? I'm Luke. Well, I'm talking about it because I want to show you how to read. And for those of you who think reading is not important, in fact, it is important. Let me give you a simple example. Okay. Nobody would say I want to have the fruit and the leaves of the tree, but I don't want there to be any tree. Okay? The leaves. Let's use the leaves as an example. Leaf. Right. Uh, make a leave here. Not that great. That's a leaf. I want to have the leaf of the tree, but no treat, please. Well, this is a similar idea. I want to be a great English speaker. I want to be able to think perfectly in English and express myself about everything. But I don't want to understand. English doesn't work like that. Okay, Reading is like the tree. In some ways, it's not the only thing like that, but really reading literature, newspapers, magazines, books, novels, right? All of this gives you a foundation conditions, something strong that holds everything up. A foundation. Ah, deep understanding of English. 98% of native English speakers, perhaps more. Maybe 99% of native English speakers like myself had a very deep or have I should say, have a very deep background in literature in reading the primary school, middle school, high school and continuing into adulthood. Now I often read reading gives you a deeper understanding off the language. And there are many different forms of literature, right? There are many different styles of writing. All of this helps you figure out how you can best express yourself. What is the reason that someone who learns every English idiom expression on maybe 30,000 English words still can't speak like a native speaker? Well, there are a number of different reasons. One reason. Haven't read very much literature. They don't have a deep understanding of the language. This is one reason so think of reading as the trunk, the main part of the tree. Okay on. Then you can get the leaves more easily. Reading is really important. So now we're going to talk about how to read, but is the best way to read, and then we'll talk about some different resources. Some things you can read. So let's continue. Okay, so we're now going to look at a short actually single sentence. Andi, I just want to give you a feeling about what? Reading conduce for you and how you should do it when you're actually when you're actually reading. If you want to get the most benefit from that. Okay. So let's look at this sentence on. I've just written this. This might be something from an article. Maybe you're reading an article about French wine A or an article about red wine. Maybe you're reading something online, okay? And you read the following sentence. While red wine is produced in many different regions around the world, each of these regions share common features. Okay, Now, for some of you, I'm sure you understand this completely for others of you. Perhaps not. Okay, so I'll talk about the meaning and how to look at it. But first, if you do understand this 100% that doesn't mean this is useless to you. Still useful to you now, you've seen a common way that a person who understands how to speak and write probably pretty well, right, naturally expresses themselves about a certain idea. So you've seen how it's done, This kind of thing. Just reading like this can give you a basic foundation, a general feeling, general feeling. That's an eye. Who that's an I a general feeling for the language. This is one very good way to express this particular idea. Not the only way. But it is one way. And so the more you read, the more you get a feeling about these things. Now, let's actually look at this and see if we can figure out how we can learn more from it. Okay, Now, let's say, for example, we know the word produced to produce something means to to make something right. But maybe we don't know in what situations produced is used when we use produce. When do we not use? Produced? Right? We can't use produce in every situation. All right? We wouldn't say. Oh, that woman produced a baby. I guess you could say that. But most people don't say a woman produces a baby. Technically, she does. But we don't say that. Why not? I don't know. I don't know why not? But I know that that's weird. Okay? And you can get a feeling for what's weird on what isn't weird. Weird means strange by reading. So this is great. We can see here that red wine congee produced or made. Hooray! So we know another situation in which this word can be used. Good. Good. Now we might see produced in another place about a factory, a factory producing bicycles. Okay, we can use produced there. We might see something about a movie. This guy is producing a movie. Oh, great. I understand that now that might have another meaning produced means to provide money for and arrange the movie. Okay, so I can get a feeling about that. So the more you see words like produce in these different situations here, in the situation off talking about red wine in an article, the more you can get a feeling for this word on the more you get a feeling for it, the stronger that tree. We'll be right. The depth of your understanding of English would be, and you'll be able to use this in the right places and and think with this word rather than just using it where you guess it should be used. But you're not sure, right? So this is one aspect. Okay, let's continue here. While red wine is produced in many different regions around the world here, regions regents, let's say, for example, we don't know the word region. Let's say just for example, you don't know region. What does region mean? I don't know. Well, let's just look at the sentence here and see if we can have a guess. See if we can figure it out, OK. While red wine is produced in many different regions around the world, mm. Around the world. Okay. In hmm, interesting. On many different could be. Also quite important in I think is a key word here and around the world, I think, is a really, really important phrase here. Okay. From these two things in can't be that many things could be in the factory. Maybe. OK, maybe around the world. Okay, That can't be factory. That can't be winery. That can't be the place where it's made the company where it's made. So it must be something else around the world. World is a big place. Okay, so in that the around the world So what could regions be? You might be able to figure it out. Or at least get the feeling for what this word might mean. Even though perhaps you don't know the word and this is just an example. Okay, maybe you know this word, but sometimes you will find a word you don't know when you're reading. First thing you should do is try to figure it out. Ok? I'm gonna guess that regions, because I'm talking about around the world and in I'm gonna guess that this is similar to the word areas. I know the word areas. I know the word places, many different places around the world that works many different areas around the world. That works. Okay, I'm going to guess this is the meaning. Not once I've guessed it. Maybe I will go and look it up or check. It's in the dictionary now. You should probably be using all English dictionaries. I recommend using an only English dictionary. There's a good website you can use vocabulary dot com to see dot com is pretty good. You can look it up there and get a feeling for the word even mawr. That's a good one. Um, but the first thing we did is we looked at the context. We looked at the context off the word. The context means how it's used, the sentence around it, the grammar around it. This is the context of the sentence. And by checking out the context and trying to figure it out, we are thinking in English were forcing ourselves to think in English on this is a really, really important point here. Okay, so this is one of the reasons that reading is really powerful. You force yourself to think in English. You gain the ability to guess and figure out words when you're reading. And so you increase these abilities over time and you learn more words while reading. And not only learning more words now because you're reading it. You see it in the situation. And so you know when this kind of word should be used and when, maybe it shouldn't be used. I've seen the word produced here. I know it can be used to talk about wine. Okay, I know that now I see regions here, regions of the world. I know now that that can be about big places, big areas, regions of the world. That must be a pretty big area. A pretty big place. Okay, so we can begin to get a feeling for the right situation on. Then, when we're speaking, we can start using those words correctly in the right situations so that other people don't feel move. Why did you use that word in this situation? Okay, so these things together, all of these things together the ability to learn new words in context the ability to figure things out, thinking in English, the ability to understand why words are used in the places where there used awesome awesome tools, okay, Can really deepen your ability to learn English and definitely can expand your knowledge of English. Okay, let's just go on really quickly and look at the rest of this sentence. Each of these regions, we have regions again. Share common features, share common features. So let me just tell you what common features means Common could mean several things, but one is the same between two or more things. Maybe you can guess that from the context. The same between two or more things. We have something in common. We both like animations. So we have something in common. A common features. What are features? Well, we could look up the word. Maybe we can guess it from the from the context. Right. We have different regions here, but we know because we have wild here that this is going to be a sort of, but similar to a but claws. Right. We're going to use part of this sentence to explain that something is different than the first part of the sentence. Okay, Each of these regions share common features, so maybe we can guess that features means characteristics or things about those places. Things about those places on. If we go and check it in a dictionary, we will find that that is true. Okay, So first look at context. Try to figure it out. Think, make things start going on here in English. Then go look it up. And when you dio I really suggest that you use an Onley English dictionary. This is the way to read. This is how you should be reading. How about resources? What should we be reading? Well, let me just give you a couple of quick suggestions. If you're looking for a general materials to read, I would recommend a couple of different websites Interesting stuff here and you can learn a lot. So reddit dot com is ah, website. That's a community website. They have tons of different topics that you can read these air called sub read It's subreddit it's and there is one about news. There's one called reddit. Funny, there are many different categories or topics that you can read different articles in. And, um, it's really interesting and there's always new stuff coming out. So I would recommend this one as a way to get the feeling for English, Um, and to practice your reading every day. Wikipedia dot com is a little bit more serious. Wikipedia is basically an encyclopedia. It has articles about everything, basically almost everything in the world. There is a Wikipedia article about so you can search things that interest you. I usually search things about space or dinosaurs, and, um, you can read articles about those things, and I find myself reading articles for two or three hours at a time. I can't stop myself. It's so interesting. So reddit dot com Wikipedia dot com Cesaire. Great Internet resource is for reading endlessly. There's always something to read on these two sites to check those out. Some people, on the other hand, I don't really like reading articles. They feel I want something that continues from the beginning to the end, a real story, something I can follow and stay interested in for a long time, something that will always make me want to keep going. I understand that I understand. So how about this for fiction? If you really like fiction, depending on what you're interested in, um, find a short, simple novel. I can recommend one that I like. That's fairly easy. Um, Harry Potter. Great series of novels. They're not too difficult, the language used in Harry Potter. Not too tough, but there's still enough there that you can definitely learn a lot. And the stories air fantastic. They're interesting. So if you like fiction, that means a story that's not a true story. Then check out Harry Potter. Or if you're not really interested in Magic and this kind of thing fantasy, then there are a lot of other really good novels out there, and I'm sure you can. You can find something that you like for non fiction. I might recommend who is and who waas. So, for example, who Waas who was Steve Jobs? Question mark. This is a series where they have many different famous people in the Siris. On you can read about their lives on the language that they use is not too difficult. Pretty simple on this is nonfiction. It's about true riel people. Okay, so who was Steve Jobs? Who is Bill Gates? Uh, many, many different people. You can read about them. They're they're short biographies. A biography is a story about someone, and so these are interesting and useful for those of you who don't really like fiction, things that are made up. And I also understand that, right, I I often don't like to read fiction either. So these are a good resource for you if you want to read something longer than read it or Wikipedia, Um, that's continuous, but don't really like fiction. I would recommend he who is data who waas that books pretty good. All right, so in the next lesson, we're going to be talking about how to learn new words. Way did this a little bit before when you were talking about how to read, write, looking at words in context. But we're going to be in the next lesson, really focusing on the best way, the right way to learn new words. So I will see you in the next lesson. 4. New Words: all right. In the last lesson, we talked about reading why it's important and how we condone it. Right in this lesson, we're going to do something which is related to what we talked about in the last lesson. But we're going to be focusing on it much, much more. We're going to be talking about learning words, how we can learn words, the best way to learn words. And I'm gonna explain it a little bit. And I'm also going to go over a couple of examples to show you the best way to learn words . So let's just begin. Okay? So just a couple things at first one I mentioned in the last lesson. If you're going to learn words, I strongly suggest, and it's really the best thing you can do. To learn words in an all English dictionary dictionary is what you use to find the meaning of a work, find the definition of a word. Okay, all English dictionaries show you the meaning of the word in English as well. They explain the meaning of the word to you and no, why should we look up the meaning of a word in English rather than our own language. As long as I understand the meaning. Isn't that all that matters? Well, think about this for a second. If you learn an English word, I know the word. Okay, Pickle. Okay. But the understanding of the word is back in my old language, my language that I speak naturally, not English. Then every time that word comes up, you first have to think of your language. And then you have to speak the word or you have to understand the word. If someone else says it, you think that's fast? Is that thinking in English? No, not really. So the first thing is, it can slow you down, doing it that way. Okay. The second is it's hard to really understand that word is in one language. There might be a slightly different meaning to that word. Maybe the dictionary in your language didn't quite get it or didn't get all of the different meanings. That's one of the biggest problems is that many dictionaries between languages aren't perfect, and they don't show you the feeling of the word how the word is used. Okay, So better if you can use an all English dictionary much much better, because when you're doing that, you're learning the meat, the meaning in English, and you're thinking about the word in English so that when you hear it, you understand the meaning very quickly because the understanding is in the same language that you heard it in. When you need to use it and you need to speak it, you need to say it. That comes out in English. You never need to go over to your other language, your native language. You don't need to. Why should you, Right? What's the reason? Is there any benefit from that? No, no, There's no benefit. So really important. Learn words in one language. The language you're trying to learn. Okay, so some people say, Well, dictionary definition in the Oxford English Dictionary that can understand it. It's too hard. I have to look up all the words that it uses to explain the word. All right, fair enough. Fair enough. I understand that. But there are alternatives. There are simpler dictionaries that can give you the meaning, explained the meaning. More simply, one that I really like is vocabulary dot com, and if they don't pay me vocabulary dot com so they're not giving me money to say this. I actually think it's pretty good because the explanations that they give and the examples that they give of the different words are pretty clear. Pretty simple. And I I particularly like the examples okay that they don't have every word that you will need to know. And so they are a little bit more limited. But for the majority of words that you would use everyday common words, they have them, and the examples are quite good. So I recommend that one. There are others. Dictionary dot com is pretty good. There are a couple other dictionaries, a couple of APS you can download on your phone. These are also good. Just find a way to learn words in English with an English dictionary. That's the key. That's the point now connected with this is forms. Some words have only one form, right, Um, but most words, many, many, many words have more than one form right learning, for example. This word has more than one form learning. Learn learned right, so we have to learn all of the forms when you learn a word when you see a new word and you want to understand it. Don't only try to understand that one form that you see in the last lesson we talked about the word produce, right? Look up all of the meanings of produce how it's used. The examples. Try to completely understand that word. Okay, so it's better that you do that one time, then having to look up each of the forms every time that you see it. It's kind of a waste of time. Better if you when you learn a word, find all of the forms of the word, study all of the meanings of all of the forms and then have a good understanding of it so that you can use it in the future and so that you can actually understand the other forms when you hear the other forms. Okay, so that's a pretty key point now. One of the things I talked about in the last lesson was context on Remember, context means the situation that something is in what's around it. That's the context of that. And it's really important, I believe, to learn words in context because in life we don't just speak single words. We have to speak words in sentences to explain ideas, right? We use words. We need to use words whether it's writing or speaking, right. And so if you learn words in natural situations like we did in the last lesson in reading, we learn a word in a sentence, and we understand it is in this whole sentence. It can be used to talk about red wine produced red wine. Okay, When you learn things in context, you can see how it's used and when it is natural to use it and maybe when it is not natural to use it. So learning words in context is really, really important. And now I would like to actually practice learning words in context. OK, so let's do that. All right, so here we have a sentence. Okay. We've come across this sentence in an article online. Non. I don't know Wikipedia. This is not actually on Wikipedia. Okay, so just for example, we've read it online, and we see a word that we don't understand. Hm? What to do? There seemed to be a direct correlation. Correlation, correlation between the number of babies born and the health standards in that area. Hey, now Maybe we understand. Uh, health. Okay, we know what health means to be healthy, right? It's that, you know, that's ah, Sometimes it's a noun. Sometimes it's an adjective. Okay, let's say we know standards. Standards are, ah, certain levels that we have understand certain levels that have certain standards or requirements. Sometimes it means requirements sometimes. Okay, maybe it means this one. Understand that area we know? Okay. Area Samos place. Region. I see. It's the same. His region. Alright, babies. I know babies. It's a small human. Okay, direct. Okay. Direct is the opposite of indirect direct means, um, without anything between okay, without any other things without anything between. All right. All right. I understand that, But correlation, I don't understand. Correlation. All right, so we look up the word correlation. What do we get when we probably get a few different forms? But we will find correlation is a noun case. We know it's a now, all right. Great. That helps us. But we also find that it's a verb. Uh, we find that it's verb form is correlate. Okay. It's verb form is correlate. OK, All right. That helps me a little bit. There's a noun form is a verb form. Now we also find when we look it up, has an adjective form. Has an adjective for wonderful, great amazing correlated. Okay, good, good. That's really messy. Sorry about that. Correlated, Correlates, Correlation! Okay, okay. I know we have these. These three main forms. Great. What does it mean? So I look up the definition definition is the meaning on what I find is basically correlates or correlated or correlation means ah, connection relationship. And one thing that can help me is to look at synonyms, thes air words that have basically the same meaning. There's some difference in some cases, but essentially very similar meaning. I see. It means kind of a connection. A relationship maybe. I've already figured that out from the context context remembers the situation. There seemed to be, ah, direct correlation between the number of babies born and health standards, babies born and health standards. This two things direct. What between two things. Well, Are there many possible meanings for this word? Correlation. If we really understand the rest of the sentence, not really. There aren't many possibilities for what correlation could mean. So we might be able to figure out the word just from the context, we might be able to guess that correlation means relationship. So maybe we have a guess. We look it up, we find the three main forms. Correlated, correlate, Correlation. All right, so that helps us to understand it a little better. No, we look up the definition synonyms. We find it's similar to a connection relationship. This helps to confirm what we thought. Our guests about the word. Okay, so now we're beginning to feel this word. What it means. Have we looked up the word in another dictionary? Our language dictionary? No, we have not. We need to know. We did not. Right now, if you are a beginner and you don't know any English at all probably a good idea to have a dictionary that's in your language. But if you understand 80% of what I'm saying in this course of your taking this course, you probably do not needs to use a dictionary in your own language and English. Okay, so we've looked it up. We understand it Now let's go back to the sentence and see how it works in the sentence. There seemed to be a direct correlation. Can we put in the word relationship into the sentence? There seem to be, ah, direct relationship between the number of babies born and health standards in the area. Yes, that works perfectly awesome. There seemed to be a direct connection between the number of babies born and the health standards. Yeah, pretty well. That works pretty well. So we're beginning to get a feeling for this word how it's used, and we might even be comfortable enough to try to use it in a couple of situations. And now that we've got a feeling for how it's used now that we understand this word in context, so let's try that. Let's see if we can make a couple of sentences with it now. All right. So here we've come up with a couple of sentences that we can use to practice the new word we've learned. Correlation, correlated, correlate. Okay, let's see. I wonder if there is a correlation between happiness and income. We noticed in the sentence that we learned the word from that between followed correlation , right? We had originally direct court correlation between the number of babies born right, so we'll use this after correlation because that's typically how it's done, at least in our experience, right? We shouldn't do anything out of our experience unless we want to play with the word which we can. But we should always have a way to check that. I wonder if there is a correlation between happiness and income. We have two things A and B, and we want to know if there's a relationship between A and B, so why not use the word correlation? But I wonder means I'm thinking about OK, so this works is this sentence that helps us understand how to use it. And once you've learned a word, make a sentence. Let's try another form. Remember, we learned another form when we looked it up in the dictionary. The other form is correlated. All right, so let's see global warming. Global warming means the earth is getting hotter and natural disasters like typhoons hurricanes, right, This kind of thing and natural disasters are obviously correlated obviously means easy to see clear, clearly easy to see. Easy to see that obviously correlated. Okay, we've used it in another form. But it also makes sense here, right? Because we know that correlated is having a connection between Here's one thing. Natural disasters. Here's to global warming. These things are related. These things have a connection. So why not use the word correlated? Sure we can. Now, one thing you can do to check this is ask someone who knows if it's right or wrong. Your teacher, right? Or maybe a forum online. Um, you could use, for example, on cloud english dot net, which is a website. You can go to one of the pages and ask a question. Is this right? Is this meaning right and get an answer? It's another way you could do it. So, um yes, correlated works in this one as well. Now we're beginning to build the tree a little bit more, right? The deep understanding of the language. Not only do we know what this word means in our language no, we understand it in English. We've thought about it in English. We've learned it in English. We understand the situation. It was used in English. Now we understand basically how to use it in English by thinking So this is how to learn words. This is the process for learning a new word do this every time you come across a new word. It's a struggle. It's harder. But the struggle, the difficulty is what makes it stick in your mind. Okay. So always go into struggle. Don't run away from struggle. Struggle is good. Struggle can help you really, really learn something deeply. Okay, this is how to learn words. All right. In the next lesson, we're going to be talking about idioms that we're gonna be talking about expressions, idioms, how to use them when to use them. We're not going to be learning many, but we're going to be talking about this and how this relates to building the English bring . So I will see you in the next lesson. 5. Idioms: welcome back. In the last lesson, we talked about words, vocabulary, how to learn words. And we went through a couple of examples about how to figure out how to learn a word in context in the right situation, so that we deeply understand the word today in this lesson, we're going to be talking about idioms. So first I should tell you what an idiom is. What is in medium okay? An idiom is a special phrase, and usually this idiom is used culturally, so one culture may use a certain special phrase. Another culture may not. Even among native English speakers, there are different idioms for different cultures. Now. Some idioms or expressions or phrases are so common that every English speaker will know them. But some are not. So what's an example of a medium 1st 1 and I'll just give you a very quick idea about it over the top, and this one is so common that pretty much every native English speaker will know it. So some of these you really need to know. We can say those are basic idioms, basic idioms. Pretty much everyone knows it and uses it. This one on these idioms like this one all the time. Okay, over the top. What does it mean? Over the top means too much. You do way more than you should do. For example, someone's wearing, Ah, very, very nice suit to a job interview. But it's not just a suit, it's a tuxedo, a tuxedo. It is a kind of suit you would wear to a wedding. This is way, way too formal for a wedding. Our search for a job interview. So he would say, Whoa, that suit is over the top. You're wearing something way too formal for a simple job interview. You should be wearing a normal suit that is over the top. It's too much and more than enough. And so it's a very common idiom, and it's great to know it's useful to know you need to know it, but in this lesson, I want to talk about something really, really important about idioms. When you learn idioms and words, actually, as well, you have to also learn the way that those words and idioms air used, who uses those words and idioms, right? And should you be using those words and idioms just because you learn something doesn't mean you should be using that right away. Some words and idioms phrases are used by a certain kind of people, like my grandma might use certain expressions, idioms, phrases that I might not use. So you have to be able to get a feeling for these different things to be able to know what you should be doing, right. If you want to sound natural, not weird, you need to be able to get a feeling for these idioms. How can you do that? Well, it's difficult to do it just by learning the idiom itself, because when you learn an idiom or a word, you just learned the meaning. But like we did in the last lesson, we talked about a word in a situation in, ah, a whole sentence on. We got a feeling for that word and how it was used in what situation? So we can do the same thing with idioms. Hey, we can do the same thing with idioms when you hear an idiom, pay attention to who's saying it. Does it sound like something that's very local and how is it being used? And if you pay attention to this kind of stuff. When you hear and listen to new idioms, you should be able to understand or at least starts to feel if that one is good for you and how often that is normally said, let me give you an example. In London, there is Ah, city in England, right in London. There is a special kind of dialect called Cock me, and, uh, they use very specific expressions to say certain things. So if you say, um, I'm gonna get some Britney's Britney's, I won't write this down means beer. Why does it mean beer? Well, it's a little complicated. So if this specific person who speaks this specific dialect kind of English local pronunciation, local dialect says this thing, that will be normal. But if I go to London and say, Hey, let's go get a couple of Britney's people will look at me like I'm crazy and weird. Now I know the idiom. I know the expression, but I won't use it because I know if I say that I'm an American, why would I say local London specific dialect phrase? Why would I do that? I wouldn't. Okay, so you have to be able to pick up on these things pick up on something means to notice something that's really important, okay? And it's the same basic idea as learning words. You have to be able to pay attention to the situation and who is using it. So so do that. Okay, now we're going to be talking about a medium, and I'm going to be explaining how it's used, what it means and when we shouldn't use it. And from that, I hope you can begin to get a sense of how you can be learning idioms, how you can get a feeling of idioms and how idioms are useful. But that doesn't mean you should try to use them in every sentence, right, And that doesn't mean you should use every idiom that you learn. Learning idioms is great. It's useful if you learn lots of idioms. You can understand what everybody is saying, but that doesn't mean you should use it. Not everyone, because might make you sound strange. I know I have a friend. I know a guy who knows lots of English idioms, not a native English speaker, and he uses them in pretty much every sentence. I cannot stand. I did. I don't like really talking with that person because I feel uncomfortable. This person is using idioms in basically every sentence, but I think it's weird. Maybe this person hasn't got the feeling for the idioms. Rather has just learned them in a list. Okay, this one needs this. This one means this. This one means this. And when I want to say this, meaning I'm going to use this idiom, that's not how it works. That's not how language works. You need to get the feeling for when it's right, when it's wrong and this is part of your English brain. This is part of your ability to understand and be able to think in English so that you're able to make the right choices so that when people hear you, you sound unnatural. So let's learn. Let's learn and medium. Which one shall we learn? We're gonna learn the idiom one in a 1,000,000 one in a 1,000,000 Right now I think you can probably see what this means. One single thing 1,000,000. A large number. Okay, now, if we look at this literally, we can understand it in a certain way. What does literally mean literally means the words you see are exactly what it means. Okay, If someone says you are such a turd, you're such a turd of turd is a poop. This person is actually Attard. No, no, of course not. So if we said everything was literal, that means everything means exactly what we say. Exactly the words but not everything is literal. This is not literal. If you call someone a turd, it means that they're stupid, right? And so not everything is literal and idioms are not literal. That means the words you see are different than the actual meaning. And you often cannot get the meaning of the idiom from just looking at the words. Right? And so this is This is something that's very important about idioms. Let's talk about this one in a 1,000,000. Basically what it means is unique, special rare. And I would say that this one is the most important meaning rare, right? Very rare, precious, maybe even sometimes precious. And I want to look at an example where we could use this idiom in a situation that's natural and normal. And then we'll look at an example of when not using it is better. And choosing another phrase would be much better. And we talk about why on that can give you an idea about mediums in general. I hope so. Here we have two ways of saying the same thing, and we're gonna look at which one is better in this case and why Here we have my wife is one in a 1,000,000. My wife is unique. Well, one in a 1,000,000 is obviously much better in this case. Why is that? It's better in this situation because we're focusing on the wife, my wife being so different from a large number of people and not only so different but different in the way that I like, right, very important for me. One in a 1,000,000 focuses on the fact that this person is very special to you, very important to you, to me, in this case, right? If we just say this one, my wife is unique. This doesn't tell us very much. Just means she's not like many other people. It's not really focusing on her relationship to me. It's not really focusing on how maybe I feel about it, and it could be another meaning it could be a bad thing. Sometimes when we say someone is unique, actually what we're saying is there strange, just strange, unusual in a negative way and so unique could have several different meanings. And it might be unclear which one. I mean, if I just say my wife is unique, right? Could suggest other things. This can have different connotations. Connotations means not exactly the meaning that it is, but instead suggested meanings. Maybe it might have a different feelings according to who's listening to it according to the situation, right? And so this one is a little bit dangerous. We want to be careful about using this one. But if we say my wife is one in a 1,000,000 what we're doing is focusing on how I feel about this person on how I think this person is special related to me, right? My personal feeling, subjective feeling, subjective feeling means my personal feeling. Okay, that's what one in a 1,000,000 means. One in a 1,000,000 doesn't mean there are exactly a 1,000,000 people. It's not about. That just means this person special to me. Okay, now let's look at an example when, perhaps using unique or even special would be better than using one in Emilia. Your accent. Your accent is the way that you speak your pronunciation. British accent, An American accent. Chicago accent. Your accent is one in a 1,000,000. Your accent is unique. This one is better in this case, and it would be a little odd to say this one. Why is that? This one creates the opinion or the view of it being a personal thing to me. As I mentioned about my wife, my wife is one in a 1,000,000 also focuses on the fact that among many people, this person is special to me, right? It's talking about the relationship between the number of choices I have under what I have chosen, or the number of possibilities there are on this thing that we're focusing on, and so that kind of strange for this one, because it creates the wrong image. If we say your accent is one in a 1,000,000 then we start thinking about all of the other different possible accents there are, but that's not really important in this case. It might have been for the other case, but in this case it's strange. Whereas if we say your accent is unique. It just means I think it's special in a way which I haven't heard before. Not about how many I've heard before. Just means I haven't heard something like this before. And before we talked about how unique could have connotations. Other possible meanings may be negative. Could this one? Yes, of course. So if I say your accent is unique, someone might say, Well, is that is that good or bad? That's possible because it could be good. It could be bad. And maybe I think it's good. It's unique. It's very good, very interesting. So here, unique might just mean interesting doesn't exactly mean that, but it could be suggesting that it's interesting where I might be laughing at this person or your accent is really unique with then it means that I'm sort of being too nice to this person when in fact I think it's maybe, ah, silly accent, something that I think sounds funny right there. Accent is unique. Ah, that means I think it's funny, so this could have several different meanings, and it focuses on the fact that it's different than what I'm used to. It's different than my experience, not about how many others there are. The other one might be about how many others there are right. One in a 1,000,000 is talking about not necessarily a 1,000,000. Just This person is so special among many, many other possible choices. That's that one. This one is better, in this case to use unique or special. Now let's take this idea and talk about how we can apply it to idioms in general, as we did with words. When you learn a new idiom, don't just learn the meaning. Learn how it's used. Figure out stuff like this. Which one is better? Should I say something is interesting? Unique? Should I say something is one in a 1,000,000? Well, it depends on the situation, as we've learned, and so always be thinking about this when you're learning new things. Look at the situation that you heard it in. If you heard it in a movie, when did they say it? Why did they say it? Who said it? Where are they from? Okay, And these things, these different elements, these different elements can begin to give you a better picture off this expression of this idiom. so that you will know how to use it naturally. And you don't need to worry about if you sound strange, right? And I know that's a difficult process and it's not a very clear process, but it's is the right way to do it. Okay, I think it's the wrong idea to just learn an idiom, learn the meaning and say, Okay, I got it. And then every time you want to say that certain meaning, you use this idiom that will make you sound strange. Okay, so we truly want to learn natural English. We can't do it this way. We have to get the feeling for everything that we learned, especially idioms. OK, in the next lesson we're going to be talking about and practicing a certain exercise and exercise I've developed to help you use and begin to think with the vocabulary that you already know okay, to become more creative with your vocabulary. So we'll do that in the next lesson and I'll see you then 6. 4-Word Exercise: So in the last lesson, we talked about idioms, and we talked about that. When you learn idioms, you can't just learn the meaning. You have to try to get a feeling for it, just like when you're learning words. What are the different possible meanings? What feeling does this give when I use it? In which situations is it better to use and who uses it? Is it local for one place or another place on that? These things are very important in being able to use it correctly and knowing when to use it. And in this lesson, we're going to go on and talk about an exercise specific exercise that I've developed to help you really, really focus your ability to think in English to give you an actual practice that you can do to begin thinking in English. Seriously, okay. And this one is impossible to do without thinking in English, so you have to think in English when you do. This exercise is called the Foreword Exercise, and it's very simple, and you can do it pretty much any time very quickly, just as a way to practice, keep English in your mind and to explore and work with the words that you already know, not new words, words you already know. One of the problems with the ability to speak English well is that a lot of people know many words, but find that when they want to speak, they can't find the words that they're looking for, that the words that they're looking for are buried deep down, and they're unsure how to use them. What? One of the things that we can do to improve this is to begin to use the words we know in different ways creatively. Creativity is a very important aspect of being able to use language and speak clearly. Express your ideas. Creativity is really, really important. Creativity just means the ability to come up with something new something you haven't done before, right? So you have to be creative with the words. You know, you're not just repeating words that you learned. No, you have to think about how can these words work together? How can I make them fit? What I want to say? So that's what we're going to be doing now. Okay, So let me show you this exercise on. I hope you can practice it, Uh, at least a few times a week. And this can really help you to think in English. So let's begin. Okay, so this is what we dio We first right down for words. What words should we write down? Well, we could see generally. Any words are okay, but I would recommend writing down a few different types of words. Maybe if you now owns adjectives, verbs, adverbs. So just right down. Four words. I just wrote down forwards here. I didn't think about it too much. I just wrote down the 1st 4 words I thought of. Now, why are we writing down forwards? We're going to try to put these four words into a single sentence. Yes, All of these four words need to fit into a single sentence. But the sentence that we make has to make sense. It has to be clear. The grammar has to be good, everything has to work. And so we're going to have to think about these four words and how to fit them together in English. If we don't think about it in English, how can we do it? How can we make them fit together? for thinking in another language. I'm changing it to English. We must be thinking in English to do this really well. So first we need to look at the forms. A stable has a couple of different forms. Stable is an adjective. It means something that doesn't move easily. Stable can also be a noun. The now unstable is a place where horses live. Okay, so horse lives in a stable. Now, I would also allow you in this exercise to use different forms of each word. So if I wanted to change the words stable to stabilize, OK, do it. No problem. Change stable to stabilize. That's another form stick. Could be a verb to stick one thing to another. Okay, so also a stick could be something like this that you hold from a tree, for example, sticky with a y could be an adjective. We can change it to that common adjective. Something that's common right commonly could be an adverb, right? We could use commonly commoner could be a noun right across across Could be proposition. It's a good one to use. It could also be an adverb we get to go across, for example, so proposition advert. These all have different forms on. The first thing you can do is just look at the words and see how many different forms can you come up with for each of the words? All right, Now what we need to do is try to think about how we can fit thes together. We can put them in any order that we want. We don't have to say stable first and then stick and then common. We could say stable. Last common. First stick second to last. OK, all. OK, so this is the challenge. Now I want to give you a couple examples of different sentences that I've made that I've come up with. And ah, this could give you an idea about how you might do it. Now. Just because I give you a couple of examples doesn't mean that those are the only examples that would work. You need creativity to be able to come up with many different examples. So let's look at my examples. All right, so now let's look at an example that I've come up with for these four words and, ah, again, not the only possibility as a common one rule, I'd say sticking. Sticking is a form sticking to your plans will make you come across. Calm across, Come across In This situation means what other people think about you. Other people will think this about you. We'll make you come across as ah stable person to others stable person basically means someone who doesn't just change their mind Suddenly stable person, Someone who does what they say they will do So the common rule I'd say sticking to your plans will make you come across as a stable person. Toe others? No, this is one possibility. But I would like you to do now is stop the video. Pause the video. Take these four words. Try to now come up with another sentence. So stop it right here and come up with another sentence that includes thes forwards. See if you can do it. Don't get stuck thinking that the way that I have used these words is the only way. It certainly is not. And when you come back, I'll give you another example to prove that to you. Okay. So how did you dio? Were you able to come up with at least one sentence with these four words? I hope so. It was really challenging for you. And you found it impossible. Change the words Come up with four different words and I will give you four more words. But don't be limited to these words that I give you. You can choose any words you like. Maybe you use the name of a city. Paris Yellow. Windy. Okay, fine. Use these words. Okay. Now, I've got another example here that I'd like to share with you. I thought I'd or I had I thought I'd come across just a common stick, but it was actually part of offense used in prehistoric stables. I thought I'd come across this meaning of come across is to find something I thought I'd come across. Just a common normal stick. Stick is a thing that comes off of a tree, right? A little piece of wood stick. But it was actually part of offense used in prehistoric. That means long, long ago, long, long ago. Stables stable in this situation means the place where horses live. So a place where horses lived long, long ago. Okay, so this is another possibility. So I hope you've come up with something interesting as well. Okay, Now I'm gonna do one more example. I'm going to give you four more words, and we'll look at a couple of other examples that are possibilities. But again, don't limit yourself to those ideas. Come up with your own ideas. If you find my words a little too difficult, change them. Try some more words. Try some different words. Play around with it. This exercise is about play. Shouldn't be terrible. And difficulty. It's playing with words. Playing with language. Playing is really important, Especially when you want to learn to think in English tohave an English brain. Okay, so let's go on. Okay, Next four words. Sign ship. Strange beneath Sign ship. Strange beneath. Okay, sign could be a verb to sign something. Sign could be an indication or something. That tells you something. Ship could be a verb to send something, um, or to send Maybe yourself You could ship to somewhere. Um, ship could also be a thing, right? A big boat. Strange, unusual, common. Uncommon. Strangely, we could also say stranger, we again we can use different forms of the word on beneath is similar to under Okay at the first sign of something strange going on. We shipped off. We went. We left to America and escaped beneath anyone's notice. So we can say beneath someone's notice or escaped under someone's notice. I beneath someone's notice. Okay, so this is a possibility. Now, I want you to try this again. Take these four words. Stop the video. Pause the video. Come up with your own sentence. See if you can come up with something that works. Okay? It has to make sense. Try. Okay, So here are some examples of how we can use these four words in two sentences. First beneath under the yellow sign. This is a physical sign. A thing on the ship cabin door. The cabin is where you go into the ship was a strange marking. A strange marking marking is sort of ah ah thing maybe in the wood of the ship, maybe like a symbol that could be a strange marking Another one. Shipping company managers with kind of company shipping company shipping company managers have to sign. This sign is a verb, as in sign your name. Signed their names on packages, sign their names on packages beneath or below a certain weight. So maybe under 70 kilograms, for example, beneath a certain weight, which I think is strange, which I think is straight. That means I think, this idea of having to do this having to sign their names. It's strange. So we've used all of them again, So I hope you can come up with a couple of examples. Don't use only one sentence. Try to come up with 234 sentences. To do this on. This can really, really push your mind to be using English creatively thinking about how you can fit these words together. Change them, adjust them, play with them. And this could really help your English brain. Now, once this is easy for you and you're able to do for words automatically, naturally easily come up with three or four sentences, then make it five words. Six words. Seven words. Keep going up. Keep pushing yourself. If it isn't difficult, then you're not doing it right. Okay, If it's very, very easy, then you're not going to be improving very quickly. It has to be difficult. Difficulty struggle. These are the things that push you to get better. Okay, so always challenge yourself do this exercise as often as you can. It's a great and simple way to practice and build your English brain. Okay, now, in the next lesson, we're going to be talking about another exercise that we can do to improve and work on our English brains. And this is variations, variations also really important, really useful in a great way to work on creativity. So I'll see you in the next lesson. 7. Variations: Okay, So in the last lesson, we talked about the foreword exercise and how this can help us with the words we already know. This can help us to improve not only our understanding of the words we know, but also help with the creativity, the ability to think with the words we know. And of course, that means the ability to speak more quickly and more naturally. But why are we building our English brains? What's the reason? Well, we're able to think in English, were able to speak easily in English, and it's it's really that simple. You have to be able to think in English if you want to be able to speak naturally in English. So in this lesson we're going to be working on variations. So what's the variation? Variation is basically a change. We'd have something as it is, and we change it, and now we have a variation. Now we shouldn't change it so much that it's totally different than what we had before. Usually, a variation is very similar to the original and has the same general meaning has the same general form is generally the same, but looks different. So we make a change, but we try to keep what was there before. Now, when we're doing this with sentences, that's really what I mean. We're going to be taking a sentence and then looking at the different ways that we can change it, that we can say that basic, same thing in slightly different ways. Different forms. This is a kind of play, really. This is a kind of play, and as I said in the last lesson, I believe that play is a very important part of your language ability, just like it's important to read. Reading is a very important part of your language ability. Writing is a very important part of your language ability. Play is a very important part of your language ability. What do I mean by play, though play basically just means using things in new ways and not necessarily focusing on being totally 1000% correct but instead trying to be creative with the things that you already know so that you can find new connections. But when a child is learning how to do something, basically that's play on through their play, they can learn how to communicate, learn how to use things in the world, understand things better. We can do the same thing with language. We can do the same thing with English, so play can really help us a lot. Um so let's now go into what we're going to be doing. Let's go into this and actually do it. I'm going to write down a simple sentence. Okay, here's the sentence. I think it might take a few days for me to help you book your tickets. Think it might take a few days for me to help you book your tickets? Here's our original sentence that we're going to be using. Okay, now we're going to be making a variation with this. We're going to be changing this. We're gonna be saying it differently. We're going to be trying to keep the same basic meaning, but trying to see how many different ways that we can say the same basic meaning. So what I want you to do right now is I want you to stop the video, pause the video, and I want you to try to write this basic thing, but use different words to do it. You can use some of the same words make some changes. Don't only change the words around. See if you can come up with a completely different way. That's also correct. Basically, to say this to say this simple meaning This is pretty simple, right? Take me a few days to help you book your tickets. Pretty simple. I think you can understand it. So stop the video. Do that. I will wait for you. So have you got a variation? Does it work? Is it basically the same? If yes. Congratulations. Nice job. Keep doing this. Keep practicing. This what you can do is look at a sentence from, say, a book you're reading on just right down the sentence at the top of a piece of paper and then try to write the same sentence many different ways. Basically the same meaning. Now, let's do that. Here's my first variation. I think I can have your tickets booked in a few days. What's the difference between these two? I think it might take me a few days to help you book your tickets. Well, we didn't say help you to have your tickets booked to help you book your tickets, But we can say that Basically, this is the same, right? If I am booking your tickets to have your tickets booked, that means I am helping you. We didn't say I'm helping you, but it means that basically the same. Okay? No, basically, I think it might take. I think I can have Well, Might is different than can have, but we're saying we're not sure because we're using, I think, actually, in the first sentence saying it might I think it might. That's like saying I'm not sure I'm not sure two times. So the 2nd 1 might be a little bit better. I think it is a little bit better. Okay, How about yours? Is yours? Simpler. More complicated. Did you just move the words around right now? I want to go over a couple more variations of this. How about this one? Give me a few days to book your tickets. Well, this one is more different than the original, but we still have the same basic idea. In the first we said I think it might take me. That's letting the other person know how long it will take you. This one give me a few days is saying basically it might take me a few days but instead requesting that this person wait for you. So it's the same. Basically, instead of me telling you it will take me this many days. I think I'm asking you right or I'm I'm asking you to allow me to have a certain number of days. Okay, so he centrally is the same thing and this one is really simple. This one is incredibly simple now. One difference in the feeling of these to remember we talked about the word connotation connotations, sort of the suggested feeling of something. Not exactly the meaning, but how it feels in the situation. Give me a few days. Sounds like you do this right. You have no choice. Give me a few days and then the other person will have to say OK, ok, I think the 1st 1 is more polite and the 2nd 1 give me a few days is more like a demand or just saying what will happen rather than focusing on making the other person feel really comfortable. Okay, The next variation of this original sentence I can reserve reserve means books say, meaning I can reserve your tickets if you like, but it might take me a few days. What's the difference between this one and the original? I think it might take me a few days for me to help you book your tickets means I'm going to do it. But I'm just trying to tell you how long it will take this one. I haven't agreed to do it. This one. Maybe I'm just offering to do it. I'm saying I can do it. I can reserve. I'm offering to do it. I don't mind doing it. If you want me to do it, I will. But then I want to say, if I do do it, then it will take me several days, right? It will take me a few days. And so this one has a different feeling and actually has a different meaning because it could be that I'm just offering rather than having already agreed, like the 1st 1 All right. I've already agreed on. I think it might take me a few days. This one I can do it if you want. Is the real meaning here. Probably doesn't always mean that, but it really could mean that. All right, so let's look at one more variation of this one on this one is similar to one that we had done before. But it is a different form because we're using If if you give me a few days, I can book your tickets. Okay, So this one is kind of the opposite of what we had said, Not the meaning. I mean, the form is the opposite. If you give me a few days. So first I'm asking for the time If means you could or could not. If you don't, I won't do it. If you do, I will. If you give me a few days, If you allow me to have a few days, I can book your tickets. This one again is not agreeing to do it. It's offering to do it. I will if you want me to write. But I need some time. So if you give me a few days, I can book your tickets. We could add for you, but we don't need to because we said book your tickets. If we said book your tickets for you, no problem. Fine. Some people would say that's a little bit redundant because it kind of has the same meaning . It isn't necessary. But you could still say it. I could book your tickets for you. I can book your tickets for you. So this is another possibility. All right, now, this exercise is so simple. Just like the foreword exercise we did in the last lesson. All you do is get a sentence, okay? From the Internet, From a book anywhere. Find a sentence, Find a good one with some interesting stuff in it. Okay, Now ask yourself, how many times can I write this sentence in different ways and still keep the original meaning well here? We've done several, right. We've done quite a few different variations of this, and we could do more. I'm not saying these are the Onley ways to write variations of this sentence. All right. It would take me an hour or more to talk about all of the possible reasonable variations of this sentence. The idea is basically that you have to play experiments with grammar with the words you know, and you should understand the sentence that you choose completely so that you can do it well. This play allows you to be thinking in English as you come up with the new ways to express the original main idea, the idea of the original sentence, and it frees up a new ability. So instead of just repeating all of the phrases that you've learned before, instead of just repeating the things that you've heard before, exactly, you now have a deeper awareness of language and ability to think in the language and use it creatively, and that is an incredibly important skill. So practice this whenever you can't practice this. When you have time later in the course, I will give you a plan that you can use to improve your English brain, and you can include this exercise in that plan. So I think you should do it regularly, just like the foreword exercise that we talked about in the last lesson. And it can really really help you with your English brain and your ability to think in English. All right. In the next lesson, we're going to be talking about another kind of variation variation of whole paragraphs, long variation, and it's different, so you'll see. I'll see you in the next lesson 8. Full Variations: Okay, So in the last lesson, we went over some variations of a single sentence. Talked about how playing with that with different ways of saying basically the same thing is a great way to improve your English brain, your creativity with English. Now, in this lesson, we're going to continue with the idea of variation, but we're going to go to a different level. It's a higher level, a more challenging level and do full paragraph variations. Now, paragraph, I think you probably know is a group of sentences together with a certain structure that expresses an idea, the separation in writing traditionally. So we're going to be talking about in this lesson how we can take a paragraph, take the main ideas from the paragraph on, then re se or rewrite that whole paragraph in her own words. Now, this is slightly different than the last lesson. The last lesson. We're focusing on making variations on that single meaning, and this one we're going to be focusing on deeply understanding the original, the 1st 1 on, then trying to forget the original and say all of that important information that we need in our own words, with our own words with our own vocabulary, and we only need to do it once. You don't have to do it five times like we did in the last lesson in the last exercise. So the main idea here is that we will be trying to forget and rewrite. Forget when I say forget, I don't mean forget the meaning. I mean, forget the original way. It was written right? Once we understand it, try to forget the different sentences that we had exactly in the original and try to come up with our own unique way of saying that. Okay, using vocabulary, expressions, phrases that we feel comfortable with. Okay, so this is like creation. This is like writing something by yourself on Lee. You're using the information that you just read from an original paragraph. So let's do this as an example. I'm going to give you a paragraph. We're gonna talk about the meaning, and then we'll talk about a variation of the paragraph, okay? And I will ask you then to practice doing one by yourself. Okay? So let's look at this original paragraph, our first paragraph, and then after we go through it and understand it well, do a variation of it. So let me just read through it first and explain the meaning. It's a pretty simple paragraph. Adele. It's a girl's name. Adele had been living on the West Coast. The West Coast is in America, on the West Side of America by the seat in California for about six years. So when she finally decided to come, home finally means after a long time there was a huge reception. Reception is a a gathering of people to receive, or to see someone write a reception is Ah, big gathering of people are usually about some particular thing in this case to see her. Okay, So when she finally decided to come home, there was a huge reception party. It seems strange to her that even though so much time had passed, nothing much had changed, nothing much had changed. So everything is the same as before the old house, the old house and probably her childhood house, the house that she grew up in when she was a little girl, we can assume we can guess it's something like that. The old house looked the same. It seemed to the same looked the same. And so did her family. What does that mean? Our family look the same. They're wearing the same clothes. No. It means they don't look a lot older than they did before. Even though many years, not many years, six years had passed. Maybe her father, Mother, Grandma. They don't look very different. Okay? And so did her family. She spent a week catching up. Catching up means talking to people about what they've been doing in the last six years. Telling other people what she had been up to, what she had been doing, talking about her life. Um, having conversations, chatting This is catching up. She spent a week catching up visiting relatives, um, before going back to California, catching up visiting relatives before going back to California. Relatives are family members, extended family members extended. That means not Mom and Dad, not brother and sister. Extended family cousins, uncles, aunts. Grandma, Grandpa. Before going back to California, she told herself when she was in California, she told herself she wouldn't let another six years passed before seeing them again. So six years had passed and she didn't see them in that period. She visited them and Then she told herself after she got back into color. Grew up California, that I won't do this again. I will see them sooner than six years. That's the meaning. Okay, so this paragraph, it's pretty simple. Now, what I would like you to do is take this basic meaning. You understand? What happened? You get it? She came home from being in California for a long time. She visited her family. Everybody looked the same. Nothing had changed. Or it seemed she visited people. She talked to them. She went back. She said to herself, I'm going to go back and visit sooner than I did last time. Simple. Pretty easy. Forget the sentences. Now. Try not to remember how this is written and go and write a paragraph that is basically the same as this. That says basically the same thing. The same story. Just keep the events in your mind. Remember the events. Remember what happened but don't remember how it was written. You don't need to remember the form of the sentences. Now there are some things that you need to remember exactly. Adele is her name. She lived in California, on the West Coast. She visited her family. You can't change this. This is information that needs to be here. This is important information. But you don't have to write it in this way. OK, so stop the video, Write a paragraph. Tried to separate yourself your mind from the original words that you see in this paragraph and then come back. And we look at a variation that I've done of this paragraph, and we'll see in what ways? It's different. In what ways? It's the same. Okay, so we'll look at that, and then you can compare your paragraph to mine. All right, so I'll see you after you finish your paragraph. Go finish your paragraph. Go write a variation of this short story. Okay, So I hope you've come up with a good variation paragraph. And now I would like to look at the paragraph that I've done as a variation to our original paragraph. So let me just read it for you. Okay? Six years had passed in California since Adele had last seen her family on. At last. She decided to go home for a visit. She was totally shocked. Surprised when she got there. Shock means surprised her whole family, entire family, um, had a gathering to welcome her gathering is getting everybody together gathering toe Welcome her. Okay. Surprisingly surprisingly, everything seemed unchanged. That means the same unchanged me the same. Surprisingly, everything seemed unchanged after a week seeing extended family extended family, remember, Means relatives, uncles, aunts. She headed back, headed back, went back, headed back. Means went back. She headed back to the west Coast, West coast, California Remember, California is on the West Coast. She headed back to the West Coast and made a mental note. That means she didn't write it down. She just thought this she made a mental note. A note is when you write something down, you remember you want to remember a mental note is when you just try to remember something for the future and made a mental note that she would soon go back for a visit soon. That means maybe not wait six years again, but very soon Go back for a visit. Go back where? Go back to her. Her home. So this is basically the same thing as the original, right? The meaning is all there, but I've written it in a very different way. the style is different. Some of the vocabulary is different. But I haven't Onley changed the words. I haven't just changed the word, for example, Unchanged two Before it was everything seemed the same or looked the same, right? Haven't just done that. I haven't only changed the vocabulary. I've also changed the form, the structure, some of the order, the things that happen And when they happen but essentially weaken. Say, if we read the first paragraph, if we read the second paragraph, we'll get pretty much the same ideas in our head. Pretty much the same story will be there. We can do 1/3 paragraph of fourth paragraph, and if we do it well, if we do it correctly, each one should give us the same basic idea. So I hope your paragraph also does this. If it doesn't, you need to work on it. You need to practice it. You need to focus on how you can use the vocabulary and the grammar that you already know. I'm not talking about learning new grammar now. In fact, for most of this course, I'm not really focusing on learning new grammar. And we talked about learning new words, but that's not the main focus here. This is about how to use these words, how to use the grammar, how to think in English and be able to do this so that we can easily express ideas in different ways. So this exercise, this paragraph variation, exercise and the last sentence exercise sentence variations and the foreword exercise that we did previously. All of these are incredibly useful tools that you can do any time. Easy to dio that can help you to start force you to start thinking in English. You can't do these. If you're thinking in another language, you can't do them. Well, anyway, okay. And so the more you do them, the better you will get. The more you will be able to think in English, the better your general English skills will be the better. You will be able to express yourself clearly. Okay, So practice this one and again later. In the course, I will give you a general plan that you can use a daily practice plan that you can use to improve on practice on a daily basis, and this will be included in there. All right, so I see you in the next lesson and the next lesson, we're going to be talking about listening. They will be focusing on listening in the next lesson, so I see that. 9. Listening: in the last lesson. We talked about full paragraph variations. How we need to be creative, think creatively, play with language to come up with new ways to express ourselves. Think in English. Right now, we need to talk about listening. Why is listening important? Well, I'm going to talk about why it's important. First, listening skill is so important, and then I'll actually give you something that you can use to practice how to practice listening skill on an example. Listening ability is incredibly important when it comes to basically communicating with other people. Most native speakers of English and people who speak English as a second language from other languages other than yours are not necessarily speaking so that you will understand them right. Most native speakers speak really quickly. I'm speaking pretty clearly. I'm not speaking really, really slowly. I want to challenge you a little bit. I hope you can understand at least 80% of what I say, but most native speakers are speaking to each other. They can understand each other. They're not speaking for you to understand. And so when you watch a movie, an American movie and you think it's so difficult I can't understand. Well, maybe it's because they're not speaking so that you will understand. So this is one reason why listening ability is really important to understand what others are saying. Okay? Especially people who are not trying to make you understand. I'm trying to make you understand. I am not speaking crazy fast. Okay? What about other speakers of other languages who are speaking in English? English is the international language. I don't know why. I do know why, but it's the international language. Business is done usually in English. International business is done in English. International travel is done in English. Okay, if you want to travel to other countries, often need to use English even if you're not traveling to an English speaking country. Okay, at least in airports you be able to see English everywhere. Um, and science science uses English only English, but you might be speaking to someone who doesn't speak the same first language as you. But Chinese English speakers, Japanese English speakers tie English speakers, Indian English speakers, Canadian English speakers. So that's a joke. Um, so the ability to hear different pronunciation that is actually incorrect. It's also really important you have to have an incredibly sharp here, Okay, that's why it's important now. What can you do to make your ear sharper? Well, I would normally just say would listen to Mawr things and you improve. That's generally true. Studies have proven that if you listen more, you'll be more likely to learn faster. So if you listen to a lot of Spanish radio and later you want to learn Spanish, even if you didn't understand that Spanish radio before that will have helped you get a feeling for the language and learn it more easily. So yeah, yeah, that's good. But some people want to improve more quickly. Some people want to have a really focused way to improve English, listening to improve their listening skill. And I would like to give you one way, which is very simple, very boring, very useful, and a lot of students who have become very successful in speaking and listening to English very well, very fluent, right can think in English who can hear anybody, any accent, any pronunciation in English have done this exercise. So what is the exercise? It's very simple. You take a 32nd 42nd okay, one minutes at the most clip of audio, not video on Lee Audio. Okay, audio clip. It's an MP three and be an MP three file. Okay, on the audio. And you listen to it again and again. You put it on. Repeat, use your phone. Right. Put it on. Repeat. Listen to it again and again and again. Make sure you choose one, which is too hard for you when you listen to it the first time. You should be able to understand Onley around 20 to 30%. That's that's good, if you understand 80%. Maybe it's not difficult enough. I hope you can understand 80% of what I'm saying and that's that's what I hope. But for listening practice, 80% is too much. You need to be ableto Onley. Understand? 20 to 30%. Okay, The first time you hear it, then repeat it again and again and have a piece of paper in a notebook by a special notebook right on the front of the notebook. Uh, that listening notebook looks listening notebook. Okay, I've got my 1st 1 a right week one and then all right. The title of the MP three the audio clip. You can call this a clip audio clip that I'm going to listen to, and then I will put it on. Repeat, Get my headphones on. Got my headphones on. Ready to go. Listen, uh, what Second time, who? What? Try again. Try again. Begin. Just getting down The first words of what you hear right down the first words. It was the It was the ok. He said it was that. It was It was Ah, it must be. It was the Sounded like it was a It was a It was a He was It was It was It was It was It must be it was that Okay, now you won't be able to probably here every single thing that that person is saying. Maybe it's a news report. Okay, Maybe it's, um, someone talking about a certain topic. Or maybe it's a dialogue conversation between two people. You might not be able to probably won't be able to hear every single word that they say. So you will have to guess what they're saying in certain places, using the context, using what you know or think the sentence means on this one is a really, really important point about the English brain about thinking in English. Because if you're both trying to write down every word of what you hear one word by one word again and again and at the same time thinking about what these words mean, What might this word be guessing? What? This could be in this place. I can't hear it. It sounds like this. Maybe, but because of this word in this place, with this grammar, it could be this one. Probably 90%. It's this one. Okay, By doing this, you're forcing yourself to think Maurin English. You're forcing yourself to sharpen your ears on. This is a way to improve incredibly quickly. Now some people think it's really boring. Yeah, maybe it's boring. I don't know. Different people think different things are boring. I think it's incredibly useful. And so I hope you will do it often. Spend a week working on only one. Spend the whole week working on one listening. If it's too easy for you, then you're doing it wrong. Should be very difficult. Find one which is very challenging. Ah, if Indian pronunciation of English is difficult for you, choose one Okay. Keep working. Work through it until you finish it. When you finished it, you will see. Now you're able to hear the whole thing. How amazing is that? You figured it out by yourself. You couldn't understand 20 to 30%. By the end, you can understand 98%. Maybe one or two words you're not sure about. How awesome is that? That's great. If you can do that, you will see at your progress very quickly. Okay, So now what I would like to do is actually read something very quickly for you to practice . Okay? I'm not suggesting that you only listen to me. I think you should listen to a lot of different people speaking practice, a lot of different things you can find a lot of resource is online MP threes online to listen to, but I want to just give you an example. I'm going to put it in the next video. You can listen to it in the next video. Listen to it again and again and again until you can understand it completely. The reason I'm putting it in the next one is because I don't want you to have to try to every time find where it begins in this video. That's a difficulty confusing. So I'll put it in the next video. After that, they were going to be going on, and we're going to be talking about how we can think in English, thinking, exercises, okay, to actually do things in our mind to improve our English brains. Okay, so go to the next video. The next video will be this clip that I will be reading for listening. Practice on. Then The next lesson will be about thinking so I will see you in the next lesson and the clip, but it will just be a clip, all right? 10. Listening Practice: the dire American education system has spawned a wide range of proposals and half baked solutions. The core of the problem, according to most, is a test oriented system, which has become increasingly narrow and stringent in recent years. The difficulty is finding an applicability alternative. Any viable model of teaching and evaluating students would have to be both inclusive and comprehensive, while at the same time recognizing individual achievement. Whatever the case, most officials and leaders have concluded that the current problem doesn't lie in the hands of the teachers, but rather in the standards handed down by the education board. 11. Thinking Exercises: in the last lesson and the short clip, we focused on listening and importance of listening. If you don't have a sharp ear, how can you understand others? How can you communicate with others but also doing listening, practice? Sharpening our year can force us to think in English because we have to think about what could this person be saying, right? What might they be saying? Forces us to think in English Very, very useful. Okay, in this lesson, we're going to be talking about pure thinking in English and above anything else. This needs to become a habit. The other things are exercises that you sit down and you decide to do, and you spend five or 10 minutes doing regularly to improve. Great, Awesome. You should a need to do those things. But now I would like to share something with you about thinking in English. Purely That is not necessarily an exercise that you sit down and decide to do suddenly, but something that you need to get in the habit of doing any time. Usually often whenever. Okay, Now habits make or break us right? If you have bad eating habits, you become unhealthy. If you have good eating habits, you become healthy. If you're in the habit going out for a run every day, you're likely to be more healthy. If you're in the habit of packing a very healthy lunch to bring to work rather than buying McDonalds or something, then you're likely to be more healthy. So if you have the habit of doing what I'm going to tell you in this lesson, we're likely to be better at thinking in English or likely to be better at communicating in English. You're likely to be more comfortable with English. Pretty simple. Okay, so I would like to describe and talk about with you. What do you can do? It's really simple. You find yourself in a situation with, I don't know, nothing to think about, nothing to do. Nothing going on, right? Let's say you're in your office sitting down in your chair. Your computer is here looking out the window. Well, why not starts to describe the stuff, the things that are going on outside of the window? Why not start trying to describe these things in detail, not only describing exactly what you see, but describing how you feel about what you see, what might happen next? Why this person is here. What's going on in the background, right? All of these things thes connections, thes visual images that we see all of these things can basically be described now we could write these things down, but we can also think these things thinking thoughts in English. It's not all that different from writing down your ideas in English. It's a little different because you can write something down and check it. And so that's not right, or that's right or that's good. And look at it right. So, yeah, but thinking in English does force English words to go through your mind. I mean, when I look over there on the table, I see a cup and the word cup comes into my mind. The word cup comes into my mind. Even if I don't say out loud, the word cup There it is. The World Cup is there. I can see it in my mind, and the word Brown comes into my mind because the cup is brown and tea bag because there's a tea bag in the cup. All of these things come into my mind, whether or not. I speak them whether or not I actually say the words. So one thing that you can do is just describe your environment in English in your mind. And if you find it very easy, there's a cup. Do you find it very, very easy. So challenge yourself. Add more detail, make up stories. Be creative. And if you get into the habit of doing this on a regular basis, you will find that you're always thinking in English constantly. Having English in your mind is really, really good. I always have English in my mind. I always have because of that. My English is pretty good, right? Most native speakers, Pretty good English, right? Why English is always in their minds. English is all around them. They're surrounded by English, English, English, English. Okay, so they speak English. Naturally, you may be. Speak a language naturally to why you think in that language. Always when you're a baby. You learned that language very early. You connected things with that language very early, right? All around you Do you have to do the same thing with English? You have to do the same thing. You can't just say I'm going to learn some words from a book. A B C D. All right. This isn't how you learn language. This isn't how it works. This isn't how you learn your language. Why do you expect to get good at another language? Doing it with a list of words? Of course not. Okay. I'm not saying a list of words is bad. Sometimes it's useful. But having these thoughts in English describing things is a key. A key tool for you. So let's do this now. I haven't planned this. I haven't decided what I'm going to say. It's going to be pure natural. Okay, I'm going to be speaking this because it would be pretty boring for you if I were just doing this for the next few minutes, right? You can guess what I'm saying. Well, that would be pretty boring for you and not very useful. I'm going to be speaking. I'm gonna be saying what I'm thinking, um, to show you how you can do this and you can do this. Okay, so let's start very simply out the window. All right? Looking out the window is a big window here. I'm not going to say that in my mind. Big window. There is one, but I'm looking out the window. OK, one mountain mountain. All right. Well, there are a lot of different mountains that Mount Everest doesn't have snow on top. Is it like a desert is it? Dries it. Brown is a green trees. What a large mountain with two peaks Want to? A large mountain with two peaks has trees on it. A large tree covered mountain with two peaks and some people doing exercise on the peak of the mountain. I can see them out the window. Okay, so some people doing exercise on the top of a mountain with two peaks on the top of a forest covered mountain with two peaks. Tree covered mountain with two peaks. All right, fair enough. Blue sky blues guy with puffy white clouds. Ah, blues guy with puffy white clouds on a few pigeons flying around in the sky. Okay, that's pretty simple. That's pretty easy, right? Okay. You've got English going around in your brain. All right, let's see what else we can see over there. Some tall grey buildings. What kind of buildings? Some tall, gray apartment buildings. Interesting. Ok, nine tall gray apartment buildings in an apartment complex complex is a group of buildings that go together nine tall, gray, boring apartment buildings in a large apartment complex surrounded by some green trees. Better nine tall, depressing looking grey apartment buildings in an apartment complex surrounded by green trees near a tall mountain with two peaks. And there are some people doing exercise on the top of the mountain. All right, there we go. I could have put that together. Probably a little better, but I'm thinking in English. Okay, looking down, By the way, I live on the 20th floor so I can see far down here. Ah, little girl. Nope, That's a boy boy with long hair. Ah, little boy with long hair wearing a striped polo shirt writing wildly on his bicycle. It looks like he just learned how to ride the bicycle because he can't steer it very well, and he looks very uncomfortable on the bicycle. But because he's peddling so fast, it seems like he's really, really excited to be ableto finally ride a bicycle by himself, right? And so he doesn't care that maybe he's not very good. Yet he just wants to ride as fast as he can on the little boy is riding along the sidewalk , and his mother is trying to run after him to catch him because maybe she's afraid that he's going to hurt himself. Okay, the mother is wearing, Ah, purple blouse and a long skirt with flowers and sandals. She has brown hair. Okay. Beside them there is an old man with a white T shirt, very dark skin. Okay, light gray hair smoking a cigarette and it looks like he's talking to himself. He might be talking to himself because he's deciding what he's going to do tomorrow. Or maybe something difficult happened today. And he's talking about what he can do to solve the problem. Why is he talking about it out loud to himself? Well, I don't know. Maybe he feels lonely, maybe has nobody to talk to. Maybe he doesn't care what other people think. They now have said a lot of things. I'm just sort of going on and on and on about things that I see. I'm not really thinking carefully. I'm not planning anything. I'm not too worried about making everything perfect. I could make the description of the mountain in the apartment complex. Better if I worked harder. But the point is, I just got thoughts going on in my mind, all right. I got things happening in my head in English, and this is what you can do every day, all the time. Make it a habit. Get used to it. You might think it's weird at first, right? This is weird. I don't wanna think in English. That's very strange. English is something that your study English, is something that you learn when you read. Not only not only I start thinking in English, do it or don't do it better if you do it. If you do, you'll see results. It's that simple. All right, so next time you're by yourself, you've got nothing to do. Your board. Just try this. Look around you. What do you see? Describe it. Go deeper and deeper. Give more and more detail. Wonder about things. Ask questions to yourself about why is he talking to himself? Ask questions to yourself. Guess. Make assumptions. Assumptions is where you guessed something, but you don't know if you're right or wrong. Who cares? It's in your mind. Nobody knows if it's right or wrong, right? All right, so practice this, do it. And in the next lesson, we're going to go on and we're going to talk about writing how we can use writing as a way to work on our English brain on our thinking in English, So I'll see you in the next lesson. 12. Writing: So in the last lesson, we talked about thinking. Now we can describe things in our minds and how that's a great habit to get into how we should get into that habit. If we want to be good at thinking in English, on, good at speaking, easily, naturally. But there's something about it which isn't so good, and it's that you can't really check yourself very easily. You know you can't correct mistakes, things that are incorrect very easily. And so that's why, in this lesson, we're going to be talking about writing now. The usefulness of writing It's similar because writing, thinking, speaking, it's all basically the same skill. It's not like you use different English to think different English to rights, different English to speak well. There are different styles of English, but it's basically it's the same skill, right? It's all the same foundation of English that you're using. It's all the same foundation, all right, same basic skill that you have. All right, So when we were writing, the advantage of this is that we work on our ability to put words and things together to explain an idea clearly, and once we've done it we can look at it un think about how to make it better. And so writing is another excellent practice to get into excellent habit to get into, to improve your ability to think in English. So I would strongly recommend that you do writing every day. You need to practice writing for at least 10 minutes a day. You have to, um, whether it's a diary or some of the things that were going to be talking about today. So what I would like to do is just explain a few important things that you should remember when you're writing and then we'll talk about a few things that you can do to practice writing. And then I'll give you an example of the kind of thing that you can write. All right, so let's just start with things to remember when you're writing, okay, so a couple of writing tips and actually these writing tips are good. Whether you're a learner of English, we're not. If you are a native speaker and your writing skill isn't that great? Keep these in mind as well. These are general writing tips. Okay, things to improve your writing. Punctuation is keep key means important, very important. So punctuation is the marks that we use when we write this one's called Period. It is a comma. We have lots of different punctuation that we use. Well, you have to make sure you use it correctly. Okay, if you send someone, for example, in email on, the punctuation is wrong. Even if all of the words air right, the person will think you don't know how to write. And if they think you don't know how to write, they'll think you're not smart. Even if you are smart. And it's really common for learners of English to think as punctuation, it doesn't matter and do things like, um, well, space comma space I This base can be here, right? We need to have, well, comma space, I because that's just correct. That is correct. English punctuation. So you have to have correct punctuation. It makes you look smart. Okay, if you sent someone a resume you're trying to apply for a job on the resume has bad punctuation. It would take your resume and they will throw it into the rubbish. I would shows that you don't understand the language. It's very important on. The thing is, it's really simple to learn punctuation. Isn't that hard to learn? You have to follow the rules. Okay. Good punctuation. Always, always, always. Okay. Next one. Syntax. Syntax is basically the style of sentences on when you write. You don't want to always use the same kind of sentences. He did this. It did this. I went here always the same grammar, right? Simple, simple. Beginning with a subject. He it I write always beginning in this way, not the only way to begin a sentence. Certainly there are many of many different forms of sentences and styles of grammar to use . So remember, when you're writing, try to change the style of your sentences. Try to have better syntax. Some sentences maybe will be longer. With a lot of adjectives to describe something, some will be shorter. Three words. Some will have the subject first and then the object. Some will have the object first and then the subject. So always try to change the style of your sentences to fit what you want to say and to avoid being really boring. If someone reads what you wrote and it's just in with it was of the eighties, and he is a native of where I am and are always the same. Really boring, tough to read. Okay, so better syntax. Many different kinds of sentences Play with different kinds of sentences. OK, specific adjectives instead of using words like good instead of using words like nice, bad instead of using words like better. What does better mean, right? Be more specific. Better just means more good than another thing. But what kind of more good than another thing, right? For example, one person is better at speaking than another person, but you say you're a better speaker. Well, we could be more specific and we could say articulate might say more articulate, more articulate than the other person. Yeah, that means better at speaking a better speaker, but it's more specific as an adjective. And so instead of using always very simple words to explain what you want to say, try to use very specific adjectives that have a very specific meaning. Okay, on that takes me to the next point, which is to explore vocabulary when you learn new words. Writing is the best chance that you have to try to use the new words that you learned correctly. It's hard to do when you're thinking right. It's a little bit difficult because you can't check yourself. The advantage of writing is the ability to check yourself to look at what you wrote and say , OK, this is wrong. Who? This is better right? You can make revisions. That means to improve it over time, to change it and make it better right to explore vocabulary. You learn a new word. You use it in a paragraph or a sentence, and it helps you remember. The word helps you understand the application of the word right, and when you're speaking, then you'll be able to use the word and forces you, which is the purpose of this course to think in English when you do it. So try to use the new vocabulary you learn. And importantly, check it once you write something, don't just okay, finished. I'm done. Throw it out the window. No, check it. Try to make sure it's right, right? Another version of it. A version of something is another one. That's that's better. You attempt to make it better. You try to make it better. So on is a problem here. Maybe my syntax is not very good. All of my sentences look the same. I'm gonna try to make some longer sentences, some shorter sentences, some different grammar. I'm going to try to use the passive voice, for example. Okay, very good. Try to make it better. Try again. Make it better. Check the punctuation. Is there a space before the comma? Yes. There is fixed. That Okay, is the punctuation right? Um, I used commas and periods on, uh, Coghlan's and semi colons correctly. Okay. The punctuation is it right? That's very important as well. Check the spelling of the words. Have I spelled words correctly? Okay. Now maybe you don't know everything. Get help. Maybe you know someone. I have a friend who is also a learner. Maybe a little better than you. Ask them to check your writing and you can check their writing for them. And you can exchange your writing and do this regularly with a friend to improve each other , help each other improve or ask your teacher. As I mentioned before, at the beginning of the class, the best way to get feedback right away is to have a teacher right now in this course. I can't give you feedback because it's a course, right? It's for you to watch and learn, but you need to have or should have. I would recommend having a teacher who can give you feedback. Look at something you wrote and saying, Oh, maybe this isn't so great. You need to improve this. You could do a little better here and here. In here. Not necessarily. Make all of the corrections for you, but guide you, give you some guidance, direct you right. Show you where your problems are. Okay, So all of these things together are things you definitely need to keep in mind. Next, we're going to look at some prompts things you can write about. What can you write about? All right, now some of my students asked me. Well, Luke, I want to practice my writing, but I don't know what to write about. Well, here you go. Writing problems. A prompt is what makes you write something. What pushes you to write something? What you should write about. OK, so what can we write about when we practiced? How about what's your plan for the week? Maybe you can do this once a week? On Monday on Sunday, Right? What you're going to do for the following week? Okay? There's one describe something unusual that happened yesterday. Something unusual happens every day if you notice it. And maybe you noticed it, but you forgot it. Well, this prompt can help you remember it. Okay. Think about what you did yesterday. Anything unusual? If yes. Describe it. Used detail. Used the new words that you've learned. Tried to explore the language. Check your punctuation. Okay. How about describe a movie you watched recently described? A movie you watched recently and we always watch movies, right? Describe what happened. Who were the characters? Why? Did you like the movie or a book, right or a story? All Okay, TV show all of these air. Okay. How about a diary? A diary is just to write down what happened every day. Or how you're feeling everyday in a diary. Something people do on a daily basis. And it might be a good thing to do in the morning or at night. Maybe before you go to bed at night, keep a diary and lots of people keep diaries. It's a great practice. because one you can remember what's going on in your life, what you were thinking about that day, what happened that day and you can go back and read those. But for English, it it lets you see your progress. But if you keep a diary every day for three months, you'll go back to the beginning on. So Oh my God, I was pretty bad at writing. Now I'm getting better. I can see that it's better because every day when I write my diary, I try to focus on how to make it more clear. I try to focus on my syntax. I've tried to focus on making it sound better. I try to focus on adding more details. I try to focus on making it more vivid, right, so you'll be able to actually see your progress. So it's a win win, right? There's nothing bad about it. It's fantastic. So practice writing as often as you can put it in your daily routine. Okay, so now an example of some writing that we could do on I'm going to give you an example of something I've done just to give you a feeling of what you're writing can look like. Now I have chosen to, uh, write about something interesting, which happened yesterday, and I just wrote down the first thing I thought of, by the way. Interesting. Doesn't necessarily mean something great or happy. Interesting. Just means something that is unusual That makes you think more. Okay, so it doesn't have to be a great thing. So, um, I checked my punctuation. I checked my grammar. I made sure I was OK. This in tax, different types of sentences. OK, but it's not amazing writing. It's not totally awesome writing. It's okay. Okay. And that's what you need to really focus on. Just trying to make it clear on good syntax. Good punctuation. Okay, here we go. I'll read it for you. Yesterday I was walking to my favorite restaurant, uh, from my home, taking photos along the way, which I always do. After a good 20 minutes of walking, I found myself beside a large shopping center, so I snapped a few shots, snapped a few special few shots. Shots are photos. I snapped a few shots. What I turned. I noticed a very dirty looking man with long hair goatee on a greasy jacket staring into the rubbish bin in front of the shopping center. At first I thought he was just daring, perhaps for no reason. Then I realized he was moving his head slightly as though nervously searching for something to take out. I felt really sad for him and hope he wasn't hungry. I quickly captured the moment with my camera. Okay, so just something I remember that happened yesterday, and I've tried to make it pretty clear If someone else were to read it, I hope they would understand what I was describing. And I hope they would think. Well, that's pretty clear. I can get a good image in my mind. This should be your goal as well, Whether it's a diary, whether you're describing your goal for the week, whether you're talking about something interesting or a movie or a book or a story or whatever, practice writing and always try to get better, never be totally happy with what you've done. Never say, OK, I'm finished. I'm finished English done. Try to make it part of your lifestyle, OK, and the next lesson we're going to go on and talk about movies. How can we use movies to learn movies and TV shows? So I'll see you in the next lesson 13. Movies: and the last lesson we talked about writing and how writing is a really great tool for us to practice English because we can check it. We can look at what we've done and try to make it better, right, with better syntax, better grammar, trying out new things and using the new words that we've learned in this lesson, we're going to talk about movies. Can movies be a good way to learn English? Well, the answer is yes, they can. Ah, lot of people who get better at English and are good at thinking in English and have good English pronunciation get the feeling of that pronunciation and that English from watching movies. Now there are two different ways to watch movies, and I'll talk about both of those ways. And when I say movies, I also really mean TV TV shows. We can say movies or TV shows, but in this lesson I'm going to pretty much say movies because I don't want to say movies and TV shows every time, right, So there are two different ways to learn from movies. One is called The More Passive Way Passive. Remember how I mentioned earlier in the course that if you listened to Spanish radio, for example for a long time and then later decided to learn Spanish, you would be able to learn Spanish more easily, probably than someone who had never heard Spanish before in their life. So movies can give you the feeling of English. Pronunciation can give you the feeling of English expressions idioms like we've talked about earlier in the course, when certain idioms air commonly used in when they aren't when they sound normal when they sound strange, right can give you the feeling, the general sense of the language, how it feels. The tempo tempo is the speed of the language, right? The sound of some of the specific tones in English. We do have tones in English. The intonation, uh, all of this you can get just by watching movies, regularly relaxing and watching movies. Even if you're watching movies with subtitles. The subtitles means you have your own language, the words of your own language under perhaps the English words. Or maybe there are no English words, and you only have your language there, your native language there on the movie, right, the English movie. So even if you're doing that, you're still getting something from it. It's slow. You can't expect yourself to be a great speaker suddenly from doing it. But it's part of the process on a lot of great speakers. Again, Like I say, said and say, two others who want to learn. Yeah, movies helped me movies helped me, but again, it's really slow. And you can expect yourself to be a fluent speaker or to think in English or even toe learn words this way. Because if you're only paying attention to your language, how do you really expect you're going to learn those words? Okay, so movies fine. What movies should you watch? Well, for movies, I would recommend something that has simple language that's pretty clear that, um, I can give you a sense for the rial culture of, say, America or England, so choose something that you're interested in. Obviously, if you're interested in it, you can like it right, so that's good. Now, if you want my suggestion, I would say watching movies like Pixar Films. Pixar is a studio that makes animated movies like Finding Nemo and Cars. Monsters, Inc. Monsters, Inc. Monsters, Inc. These kinds of movies from this studio, I would recommend, because the language is pretty simple. You can still learn from them. You can get a feeling of the natural. Ah, pronunciation of English. So for films, I would recommend those again. If you're not interested in animation, don't watch them. If you hate this kind of movie, don't watch them find something else that you enjoy. Okay, um, for TV, maybe Friends, Friends is a kind of show called a sitcom, and it's a comedy that means it's funny. Funny funny means it makes you laugh. Ha ha, ha! It's a comedy. So it's funny. And, um, there are, I think, 10 years of this show that ran. And so it's a great way to practice and get a feeling for English. It's the most popular one for English learners. Friends is the most popular show on the most recommended by English learners. Um, and so it's not only me saying that, right, this is the most popular, the most popular movie Siri's eyes actually, Harry Potter. So if you like that kind of movie, Harry Potter is a good film. Siri's to watch, although some of the language will be a little bit tough for some of you, but it's pretty good. Pixar Films. Harry Potter. Friends all good. Now, this is all just general stuff, right? Getting the feeling for English. Yeah, OK, but I want to be really good at English now. I want to improve quickly now. All right. Now we get to the more active way to watch films. You want to watch films more actively. What do you have to do? Well, step one. Choose a film, you know? Well, so if you've seen this movie this English movie many times and you've seen the subtitles in your own language many times you totally understand this movie. Maybe it's Harry Potter or whatever. You've seen it. You get it? Then find that same movie without subtitles. No Subtitles No words in your own language, right? Watch it again. I and try to really pay attention to what the people are saying. You should know the story of the movie. Now you should know the what's called the plot of the movie. You should know generally the idea of what the characters in the movie are saying, right, because you've seen it several times before because you like the movie. And so you can begin to now go to the next step and focus on the English, so watch it once and when you're watching it, try to take a few notes. You hear somebody say something? What did they just say? Stop the movie. Write it down. Make a note. Maybe a new word that you heard. Okay, uh, or maybe you hear the word. Migrate, migrate, migrate. What's that word? My great. For example, You don't know this word. You hear this? Work? Migrate, migrate. Ah, you can try to spell it by listening to it. Not that many ways to spell my great. And you know the basic idea because you've seen the movie before in your language. Okay? Do you get the idea? Now you can get a sense for the word. You've seen how it's used in the movie. Okay, Now, if you need to, you can look it up in a dictionary. We've talked about how to look up words in a dictionary, right? How do you learn specific words? So look it up. Go back. Watch that part again. See how it's used again. Get a feeling about the word Hey for pronunciation, you could go really, really slowly and try to copy some of the pronunciation in the film. That is one way to improve pronunciation. Now Films air really long. You probably won't be able to do the whole movie, but you could take part of the movie on repeat part of the movie and practice reciting the pronunciation of part of the movie. That's one thing that a lot of, um, good learners have done to improve their pronunciation, but about thinking in English about the English brain, generally just watching the movie with only English, paying attention to what the characters are saying. Taking a few notes now and then will help you will force you to be thinking in English. What does that mean? What did he just say? How does that spell? Um, I know what that means, but I don't know why he said it because I know the original. I don't know what I don't know why he said this exactly, but I know what it means. I'm gonna figure that out right that down. So this process is actually a pretty good way to learn. But you have to be pretty active, and you have to usually choose only one movie. Okay, so don't give up on movies. Movies can be a good teaching tool. Good. A good learning tool. Um, but it depends on how you want to learn. Do you just want to get the general feeling of English? Okay. Watch passively. Do you want to learn specific things? Words, pronunciation, phrases, idioms? Okay, watch actively. No. Subtitles be more active. Okay? So keep watching films. Keep watching TV shows. Don't give up on that. I personally like watching documentaries like Planet Earth about nature, though you can't see someone speaking but you can listen to it on the speaking is pretty slow and pretty clear. And you could see beautiful images and learn something about the world. Very interesting, Siri's. So I would recommend that one. That's a documentary. Siri's That's pretty good as well. In the next lesson, we're going to be going on, and we're going to be talking about how to use the Internet to learn the Internet as a resource to learn. I'll see you in the next lesson 14. The Internet: Okay. So in the last lesson, we talked about watching movies. How to do that? In this lesson, we're going to be talking about the Internet as a resource. A resource is something you can use right now. At the beginning of the course, I mentioned that it's important that you swim, Remember, swim. That means to surround yourself with English, like you're jumping into the water, swimming in it. If you only learn English through your own language, you're not really swimming in it. How can you expect to be able to think in English? No, you can't. You can't. So you have to be surrounded by English all the time. So I would recommend strongly in order to develop, to improve your English brain, your ability to think in English. You actually start using the English Internet regularly. What kinds of things do you do on the Internet? Okay. On a regular basis, usually. Do you read news? Do you, uh, talk with people? Joined? Chats, forums. Do you watch videos? What do you do on the internet? Hey, I'm going to go through a couple of websites that can help you with different aspects of your English and just keep in mind that by doing this by surrounding yourself in English, you're kind of forcing yourself into an English environment. Sort of like if you go to an English speaking country and live there, that's called immersion. You immerse yourself in an environment, and that's what the Internet is. It's Justin environment. So I'm going to go over some websites which you can use, which are really useful, and, ah, which I actually use as well on. We're going to start with different categories, different topics. Okay, so first for for listening, unlearning learning, general skill and listening, listening and learning guy some websites for this number one ted dot com Now, none of these websites, by the way, are paying me or something. I'm not saying these because these websites air are giving me money. Um, I'm giving you these because they're really useful. Okay, I like them. Ted dot com has tons of videos. People give presentations about a large number of different topics. Um, wildlife technology, health medicine may be the future architecture of finance. Playing music rights, all kinds of different topics is incredibly interesting. And you get something new four or five days a week on. There are a large number of videos that they've done over past years. It's a conference, Ted, and they put them online. These videos and you can watch them on. It's a really great learning tool. It's a great way to improve your listening. So Ted is good. Uh, the other one coursera dot com coursera dot com is for high level learners. This is an are, by the way, that looks like some sort of crazy V in our core. Sarah dot com is a very high level, Um, course system university system. Basically, you take a university course at a famous university. It's not like you're actually watching only the videos of the course you are. In the course, you have to do homework assignments. You have Teoh interact with people in forums. Forums are places to discuss things. You can talk about two different things in the forums, and the university professor in that course will answer questions. They have a large number of topics technology, mathematics, different sciences, biology, chemistry, a lot of different things, whatever you're interested in. But it's tough. This is for students who have a very strong vocabulary So if you've got a really strong vocabulary and you want to improve your listening, improve your ability to think in English or English brain, you want to really, really challenge yourself. Take your course there, of course. Okay, now you can do it. If you're up to that level, you can do it. It is possible it will be quite challenging because these courses are not four second language. English speakers thes are for native English speakers, but it's a great way to challenge yourself and awesome. It's free. Fantastic. OK, another one which I have to recommend is my own website, Cloud english dot net. We have a lot of free videos there. Many different topics, right? Run 100 videos at the moment and counting. I don't know when you're watching this course. A lot of different videos, free stuff, um, topics like culture and the different vocabulary expressions, idioms, things like this. A lot of different things, so you can use that. Ah, most of the videos air pretty short. Some of them are a little bit longer and we're always adding more videos. So this is another resource. Also, you can go on to the website and actually ask questions on other people can answer your questions and you can answer questions And you can also read some different culture news, bits of culture from around the Internet, which is also a way to get a feeling for English speaking culture, especially American culture. Okay, now let's go on to news. Where can we get news? Where can we get news news? Things that happened recently. You could also call current events current events and ah, I would recommend several awesome websites. One probably my favorite. Read it dot com. Okay, read. It is a community website where they post all kinds of things from the Internet. Not only news, they have things called subreddit. It's these are topics on reddit. Okay, so you can go to these Subreddit Smaby. Funny world news, different things like this if you go to Reddit World news and you can read news articles from a lot of different sources, different news sources, um, from sources in Asia, from sources in America, in England, the BBC, for example. And so it's a great way to find lots of different information in one place. Fantastic, especially for news, and I could also say interesting articles there as well. A lot of different articles on a lot of things about culture. For example, they have one page, they're called Reddit jokes, and you could just read a bunch of jokes, which is a good way to get a feeling about English speaking culture. Another one for news would be huffpost dot com on the Huffington Post is Ah is ah newspaper and they have a lot of current events that are going on. Ah, a lot of them in America. That they have some international news as well on the BBC is pretty good as well, obviously. But I would recommend this one because usually the articles are pretty simple, not so difficult to read, not too technical and interesting, so you can check out that one now for articles. I would definitely go to Wikipedia. I personally believe that Wikipedia is probably the greatest website in the world because it has all of the knowledge in the world. There could learn everything from Wikipedia. It's awesome. Go on to Wikipedia. Search Mount Everest, read an article about Mount Mount Everest. Why is it called Mount Everest? Who's the first person to climb Mount Everest. A lot of information about it very interesting, and you can keep reading this different topics about a lot of different things. Fascinating, very interesting. Strongly recommend going here. And, ah, another one, maybe Engadget. This is for people who like technology Engadget, that's that's a calm Sorry. Engadget is a tech website, so they have articles about new things coming out. So when's the next iPhone coming out? This is the new, this new computer. What's good about it? What's bad about it? So you can get a lot of tech news from this website, and I think they also have an app, Uh, or two. It's It's pretty good. I like to read this one pretty interesting. Now, finally, I want to talk about community. Community means places on the Internet where we can actually discuss things, not only gets news, not only gets articles but actually do discussions. Now, I had mentioned read it, and that's the 1st 1 where you can actually join these subreddit. It's and you can actually have conversations and discussions about issues and topics and posts someone post something and that you have a comment discussion with someone really interesting. It's a community. It's not only for reading, and so when it comes to community online, this is one of the best. But there's actually one, which I think is even better. And that's Cora. Cora is fantastic. This is a website where people ask questions on lots of other people. Answer the questions and it's a big community of people asking and answering questions. Someone posts a question. You know, the answer, right? The answer. Other people say all this answer is very good. Up, up, up, up, vote. You want to know something? Search something. Ask a question. Someone will answer your question. Read the answer. Leave a comment, asked them or for more information. It's incredibly interesting, and you can have real discussions with people. And always you're going to be thinking in English when you're doing this right. So it's a way to surround yourself and challenge yourself. If you have to write answers to questions, everyone's going to be seeing that right, so your grammar is gonna have to be pretty good. Your punctuation is gonna have to be clear, so you're going to have to try pretty hard. And if you try hard you challenge yourself. If you challenge yourself, you improve just to summarize this These websites that I gave you are not all of the good websites, but just a few of the websites I would recommend to you to use as a resource to improve. Okay, for listening, for, for learning, general things, right, for reading, news community, a lot of places around the Internet where you can become part of something on by doing so, force yourself to improve on think in English. All right, so in the next lesson, we're going to be talking about a daily routine. What you need to do every day to improve your English. I'm going to give you actually a plan to follow. Okay, so I'll see you in the next lesson. 15. Routine and Attitude: So in the last lesson, we talked about the Internet, how to use it as a resource to improve, to practice, to learn. And in this lesson, we're going to be talking about the daily routine. What you should be doing every day to improve. I'm going to give you a plan. Today's lesson is your plan. Okay, So what is a routine routine is something that you always do. It's a habit and becomes regular. Daily routine is what you do every day. Okay, so I'm going to go through. We're gonna be talking about what you do in the morning. What you do on the way, Maybe on the bus, what you do when you have nothing to do and at night. And if you make all of these things a habit, part of your lifestyle and it really doesn't take up that much time, If you make these things part of your life, then you will find that you improve a lot over time and pretty quickly when it's that simple, do or do not do ok up to you. But I'm telling you that if you follow these things and you do these exercises and you get in the habit of doing this every day you will see results. Okay, You will get better first in the morning, Right? Maybe after breakfast. Maybe during breakfast. You're eating your breakfast on long. You're writing right? Right down one of the prompts. Remember? In the earlier in the earlier lesson, we talked about some different prompts. We talked about how to write. Right. This can help you wake up in the morning because you have to think a lot. Alright, You're sleepy. Have your coffee or whatever, right? For 10 minutes. Okay. Every day. First thing. If you don't want to do the prompts diary, OK, Next. Do some exercise is not the same as the writing. The writing is something that's a little more serious on. I wouldn't consider it exactly an exercise. Well, it is, but it's really just a kind of practice. Then do either the foreword, exercise or variations. We did two kinds of variations. We did variations about full paragraphs and about single sentences. Either one of those or you can do the foreword exercise. Maybe Monday you do a forward the next one the next day. Tuesday you do variations on you switch it up. Don't do it the same every day. Change it a little bit. That's okay. I practice. That lets 20 minutes in the morning. That's not even enough time to finish your coffee. That's not that hard. Right? Okay, so do that. Then, for example, maybe you take the bus or you do something on the way. Maybe someone drives you somewhere. Don't do this. If you drive maybe a little bit difficult, But at some points between the time, maybe you start work. And when you leave home or after you eat breakfast at some time early in the day, do listening. Right? Still, when your brain is a little bit, maybe sleepy would be good. Help you wake up. Help you focus. Do listening. Listen to an MP three, maybe one minute, Onley. Only a minute. Less than a minute is okay to 40 seconds. Something really challenging for you. Get your listening notebook out and write down every single word that you hear. And this is something that you should spend. Well, it depends on how much you get done each day, but try to finish a couple of sentences each day and or no maybe 20 minutes. That would be okay. Um, it depends on how much time you have that day. It depends on how much you can finish. Try to get some done. Okay, Listen to it on a maybe 20 times. Okay, then whenever you can do the description exercise that we practice, the description exercise was in your mind, giving detail to the things that are going on. Just saying what's happening, What you see out the window, what you see beside you, what you see in your office, in your school, in your mind, I'll always be thinking in English as often as you can If you keep doing this and you keep reminding yourself all Yeah, I need to think in English. I need to describe something. Then you get into the habit of doing that. So I'm not saying you need to do that at any certain time of the day. Whenever you feel bored, there's nothing to think about. Nothing to do. Do this. Okay, Not that hard. And actually should be pretty interesting at night. You need to do something to wind down right? And at night you can do some learning. So read. Do some reading. Reading Harry Potter. Okay. You want to read Who is Who was those books? Okay, um, have you want to read some articles? That's okay, too. But use the reading that you do as a way to learn new words, find new words in sentences and use the way that we learned to practice and learn the new words. Okay, so be learning. Actively. Don't just read and skip the new words traded. Learn the new words and follow the method the way that we practiced earlier in the course next in your free time at night. Nothing to do. Okay, Browse online. Check out Cora. Um, see, there's anything interesting on cloud english dot stuff. Net threat to check out some websites, browse casually. Okay, then watch a movie. Okay, watch. Uh, maybe if you're learning. Seriously, watch that movie that you're focusing on. If you're not OK, don't watch something else. Watch, um, something casually TV show a documentary and animation. Something you're interested in in English. Just to sort of wind down for the evening. Don't focus on it too much if you're not learning that movie seriously. Okay. All right. So this is the routine. You should follow and you should do this every day. Seven days a week is not a job. It's part of your life. Okay? So make it your lifestyle. If you do that, you will see results. Okay. Lifestyle and habits really important now, just quickly. At the end of this lesson, I want to talk about a couple of attitude things that are important generally for your English skill to keep in mind. Attitude means the way that you think about yourself. The way that you see the world is your attitude. So bad attitudes lead to doing things incorrectly lead to being depressed, right? You have to have a good attitude. What kind of attitude is important for learning English? Well, it's important to be confident. Don't always say I'm terrible. Awful. I suck. My English is the worst. I'm just bad, bad, bad, bad, bad. Don't focus on how bad you are. Maybe you are bad. I don't know. I don't know how bad you are. I don't know how good you are. I don't know how bad I am. Actually be confident instead of focusing on the negative focus on the positive, the more confident you are, the more you will be likely to go ahead and try and do. Confidence is a very interesting thing. Confidence is often self fulfilling. What that means is someone who's confident often succeeds because they were confident first . So maybe even if you aren't that good, but you're confident soon your level of skill catches up to that confidence because you were confident first. But if you're always singing them terrible, awful and bad. All right, so your level of skill will stay at that level. I'm terrible. I'm awful. I'm bad because you will always believe you are. So this attitude makes a real difference. And I've noticed this with my students. The students, which are really successful, are very confident. They say good things about themselves. They don't always go around saying I'm the best. I'm number one. They're not unrealistic. But they also don't say I'm terrible and the worst they they try to be positive, right? They try to focus on what can I do to be better? How can I improve rather than this is bad? This is wrong. I'm bad, right? So this attitude, being confident, very important next one related to confidence, but don't have fear if you're always afraid to write something. For example, if you go to Reddit or Cora, you want to answer someone's question. You think, Oh, no, no, no, I'm not good enough. I won't answer their question because maybe if there will be a mistake, of course there will be a mistake. Probably. Most people make mistakes. I make mistakes. These two points are connected. Nobody's perfect. Okay, so don't be afraid. If you're shy about speaking, if you never speak, if you never try, if you never go out and push yourself, there's an expression to go outside of your comfort zone comfort zone. If you never step outside of your comfort zone, that means where you feel comfortable. How can you expect to really improve quickly? If you always just say I'm going to learn the easy way, I'm going to use my language. I'm going to use a dictionary in my language. I'm going to try to learn that way. Good luck probably won't make it. Okay, so don't be afraid. Struggle. Okay? Don't be afraid of something difficult. Tackle something difficult, right? Try hard to defeat the difficult thing. Be confident if you meet someone and you have the chance to speak to them in English, speak to them, ask them questions. Have a conversation. Don't be afraid of looking stupid. Everybody's stupid. Okay? It's not a big deal. Just try. Do your best. And over time you'll be able to figure out what things work. What? Things don't work right. If you never try, you never will be able to figure out these things. What things work. What? Things don't work. So obviously we should try. Obviously should be confident. Obviously you should have no fear. Okay? As I mentioned also, nobody's perfect. If you make mistakes, if you do something wrong don't Don't give up. Don't say on I quit. I made a mistake. I'm not perfect. I'm not great. I'm not good enough. Don't just give up and quit, okay? Nobody's perfect. I'm not perfect. The most perfect person is not perfect. I I make mistakes all the time. You see in this course, sometimes the video cuts right suddenly Why do you think it cuts? Because I made a stupid speaking mistake. I said to levels instead of tomatoes. There's going out to pick some two million huh? What was that? I can't leave that in the course, right? People are paying money for this. I can't say tuna. I have to say tomatoes correctly, so I cut it. It's a mistake. Okay? Everybody makes mistakes. Don't worry about it. Not a big deal. Keep going. Keep trying. Okay. Finally. If you hate to something, you'll probably not be good at it, or it will be pretty slow, right? I have some students who don't really like English. I try to make them like it, but sometimes hard on if you hate it. Okay, You hate it, but hating it won't help you, and it will actually hurt you. So find something about the language that you enjoy. If you enjoy something about the language, maybe movies, maybe music, maybe writing, maybe describing things, whatever it is, find something you enjoy and focus on that. If you enjoy it, you're more likely to make it a habit. You're more likely to make it your lifestyle, right? And you're more likely to become more successful at doing it. You're more likely to become more confident. You're more likely to lose your fear. You're more likely to begin thinking in English. More win, win, win, win, win, win win, right All wins. So enjoy it. Try to relax. Don't get stressed out. Don't tell yourself. I must. I must I must learn. That's right. When I mentioned the exercises, I'm not saying to yourself. All right, now it's time to study. I hope that you can make those things that you just do. I get up in the morning, I brush my teeth. I just do it. I don't think Ah, damn it. It's time to brush my teeth. Ah, I don't do that. Get up. Brush my teeth. That is done. Okay. It's part of my life, just like that. Okay, So I have the right attitude practice. You'll see results. And the next video, we're going to be doing just a very quick conclusion. A quick summary of the heart of the city. There we go. There's a mistake. I'm gonna leave That went in just to prove to you I said the hurt. I meant to say the whole right just to prove to you that I do make a lot of mistakes. So we're going to do a summary of the whole course in the next video, and I will see you then 16. Summary: So I want to in this last video quickly summarize the things that we've learned in this course. What we've talked about in this course about building our English brain and actually what this course really is about is how to improve your English. How to get better at English, the right things to do, right? The first step is to start thinking in English. You have to be thinking in English if you want to be a very good English speaker, if you want to be good at English, if you want to be a good English writer, if you want to be a good English reader, a good English listener, you have to be thinking in English for all these things. Okay, I want to just explain that main idea, right? If here is one language and all of the things going in and out are another language, how can these things going in to be understood? How can these things going out to be clear cannot have to be English in the middle, thinking in English and everything coming in is clear. Understood? Everything going out clear. Easy to understand, right? All right. So what did we talk about. First. We went over some basic tips, talked about some things to remember next. We talked about reading. We talked about how to read What's the right way to read. We look at words and we figure them out in context. Then we go figure out the meaning of the word. And then we go back to the reading and we see how it works. And we can understand more about the language. We can get a feeling for English. We can see the structure we talked about building the tree. Remember, the tree has to be their strong before you can have leaves or fruit, right? Obviously. Okay. Then we talked about how to learn words. We talked about studying vocabulary. How when we study vocabulary, we should learn all of the different forms of a word. And we can learn vocabulary through reading. When we're reading, we find we discover new words. What you're reading something. You come across something. I don't know this and then we can use the context, the situation around the word to try to guess the meaning. And then with that guest, meaning we go look up the different forms of the word right on the different forms of the word could help us understand it deeply so that we can use it easily. Then we make some examples to make some sentences too deeply, deeply get it. So reading and learning words are connected very closely. Okay, then we talked about idioms. We talked about how mediums are pretty weird because they're different idioms for different places, different idioms for different people. And you have to try to get a feeling for this, and it's very complicated. Are you the kind of person who should be saying this idiom, which usually only my grandma says Maybe, maybe not. You have to figure that out. You have to get a feeling for it. We went over a simple example of that, but generally the idea is you have to try to feel how it's used in that situation. Cry on what it is compared to another thing. In other words, what it communicates compared to another thing, maybe it has a suggested meaning. Then we talked about to the foreword Exercise how we can use these four words or five words or six words to practice making sentences and how it forces us to be very creative thinking in English. This then is connected with our idea of variations making single sentence variations or making complete paragraph variations. Now this forces us to think in English. Lucked how we have to be creative, how we have to use different sentences to always be coming up with a different idea and how different ways of saying things can be basically the same, but express maybe a different feeling. And we talked about listening and how we can practice listening. We used the exercise of listening to clips to improve how that's really important on if you want to really, really learn quickly. We have to do the same one over and over. Boring. Yes, maybe, but effective. Okay, We also then talked about thinking, How can we think in English? Thinking exercises, describing things out the window, right? Simple. But if we go into more detail, we find that we force ourselves to get into the habit of thinking great. That's our goal. OK, then we talked about movies, how to watch movies should we use subtitles or not? Whether different types of ways to watch movies are we learning very actively or passively both there. Okay, but they have different functions right on. Um, there are a few suggestions for movies, but generally the idea is watch what you like. One of the things that can help you like English is to watch movies that you like, rather than movies you hate. So watch things you like TV shows you like. Okay, then the Internet. How we can use the Internet as a resource. Very, very powerful resource. Teoh to to begin thinking in English, communicate in English to learn in English and often when you were browsing online. We're enjoying ourselves having fun, and we don't really notice that we're learning, because some things that we see on the Internet are very simple. Some funny pictures with some English, a little bit of information. Well, that's learning. Even if it's one word on one picture and you understand something new that's learning on, that's an environment, and that's swimming in English. Then we went into our routine on the routine. You can change around you can adjust it, but this is a general routine you can follow to get into the habit of doing this. Every day you will get better. Okay? And we need to have the right attitudes when we're learning. Don't be negative. Be positive. Be confident. Don't be afraid. Speak doom or try say right. Okay. So I hope that you've got something from this course. I hope that you've really got some clear ideas about how you can actually practice your English by yourself. No, I recommend that you get a teacher because if you have a teacher, you can get feedback. But a lot of the things that we went over in this course you don't need to teach your four unless you want to get feedback for the things that you do. For example, writing, for example, the speaking exercises that you do the direction you should go in. But a lot of these things you can practice by yourself on these concave you a background to help you improve top. You expand your abilities. So I hope you really got something. And I really enjoyed teaching this course. I had a lot of fun, and, um, I wish you good luck in the future. I hope you all become fluent in the speakers. And if you already are an English speaker, why are you watching this course? All right, So I'll see you in the next course, if you take it. I hope you do.