Building Structures in Spanish - Structure 3 | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

Building Structures in Spanish - Structure 3

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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32 Lessons (1h 45m)
    • 1. Spanish Structure 3 Introduction

      3:23
    • 2. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 1

      4:38
    • 3. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2a

      3:39
    • 4. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2b

      3:38
    • 5. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2c

      3:51
    • 6. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2d

      3:37
    • 7. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 3

      3:49
    • 8. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 4a

      3:20
    • 9. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 4b

      3:21
    • 10. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5a

      3:48
    • 11. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5b

      3:02
    • 12. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5c

      3:31
    • 13. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6a

      2:07
    • 14. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6b

      3:08
    • 15. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6c

      3:13
    • 16. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7a

      3:07
    • 17. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7b

      3:21
    • 18. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7c

      3:31
    • 19. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8a

      3:00
    • 20. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8b

      2:54
    • 21. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8c

      3:15
    • 22. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8d

      3:05
    • 23. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8e

      3:34
    • 24. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8f

      3:33
    • 25. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8g

      3:39
    • 26. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8h

      3:10
    • 27. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8i

      3:08
    • 28. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8j

      3:15
    • 29. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8k

      3:13
    • 30. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8l

      3:11
    • 31. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 9

      2:03
    • 32. The Happy Linguist

      1:30

About This Class

The whole of the Spanish language can be broken down into several different structures. If you take any sentence from any Spanish book or any utterance, you will see that it fits into one of these structures.

I remember one weekend, I was writing some lessons for the week ahead, when I suddenly realised this. I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in Spanish, and that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out all the structures, and I wrote them all down.

Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, but all the structures together make up the whole Spanish language. Once you’ve learnt how a structure works, all you have to do is insert different words into the slots and you have a sentence.

This course introduces you to structure 3. I’ve limited each course to one structure so as not to overburden you. By looking at just one structure at a time, you can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. It will help to clarify the Spanish language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think about as is it were a maths equation.

Each structure can also help to propel you to fluency; if you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to thing about how to say it.

This course contains plenty of practice opportunities for you to revise what you’ve learnt and it also contains some hints and tips on how best to learn and memorise the structures and the vocabulary that goes with them. You’ll learn how to make questions out of structure 3, how to make statements and how to turn positive statements negative.

The Building Structures in Spanish series is set out using the same learning techniques as the 3 Minute Spanish courses. You can work through the course in three minute chunks, enabling anybody to learn Spanish, no matter how little time you have.

PROGRESS TO THE NEXT COURSE

Once you have finished this course, you can continue onto the next course where you’ll learn all about structure 2 in Spanish. Here are the links for all the Building Structures courses currently available on SkillShare:

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 1

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 2

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 3

 

I have a second series of courses available called “3 Minute Spanish”. This series builds the Spanish language in small chunks and shows you how to put the chunks together to form your own sentences. With the 3 Minute courses, you’ll be speaking lots Spanish from the very start. Here are the links to the 3 Minute Spanish courses on SkillShare:

3 Minute Spanish – Course 1

3 Minute Spanish – Course 2

3 Minute Spanish – Course 3

3 Minute Spanish – Course 4

3 Minute Spanish – Course 5

 

Finally, if you want to explore the Spanish language even further, I have some Spanish grammar courses available. I’ve used the same method in these courses as I have in the other courses, so hopefully you’ll find them fun and interesting

Spanish Grammar – Quick Guide – Verbs 1

 

If you would like to learn a different language, I have the same courses above available in French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch. Just head to my SkillShare profile page to find them all: https://www.skillshare.com/user/3minutelanguages

 

Happy learning

 

Transcripts

1. Spanish Structure 3 Introduction: all are even minutos. Hello and welcome to building structures in Spanish Structure three. I'm Karen Andi. I'm a language to you to base in the UK And I wrote this cause to help you, to learn to speak Spanish. If you looked at the building structures in Spanish courses one on too. Then you'll know that the whole of the Spanish language is made up of a certain number of structures. Would you know what the structures are? You can begin to lend them. Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others and all the structures put together make up the entire Spanish language which you've learned a structure or you have to do is instead words into the slots and you have a sentence. These structures also helped to propel you to fluency. If you could manipulate the structures at the highest speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to think about how to say it. Before you start this course, let me share with you an extremely handy learning tip that helped me to progress quickly and effectively in learning a language. When most people start studying for anything, they tend to spend the first day or two studying for hours and hours and get through loads of work. However, very quickly this begins to dwindle. You might feel like spending hours studying Spanish, which is great, but you want the feeling of motivation to continue, but it won't continue. If you actually spend our studying. Limit your three time to chunks of just three minutes. If you live in your studying to just three minute chunks, there are three things that will happen. Firstly, you're maintain enthusiasm. If you want to learn anything, you have to maintain enthusiasm or else you won't want to continue. If you live in your study, time to just three minutes, you'll keep Spanish fresh and exciting and you'll be eager to learn. If you spend hours studying very quickly, you'll get bored with Spanish and it'll turn into a chore. Secondly, you'll achieve more consistent sitting. It's much better to study for three minutes every day, then to study for three hours once a week. A spare three minutes is relatively easy to find even the most hectic of schedules, so force yourself to study for three minutes at least once a day. If you make sure you complete at least 13 minutes three session every day, it will quickly become a habit that you'll do without thinking. It's much easier to fit in a daily three minute habit than a weekly one hour have it. By doing this, you'll become a much more consistent learner. And consistency really is the key to success in languages. Thirdly, you will achieve more effective memorization. This is my favorite reason as to why you should limit your city to just three minute chunks . If you study something for three minutes every day, you'll trick your brain into memorizing information much more quickly than if it were to see the information for hours each day. It will think I see this information every day, so it must be important. But I don't see it very long, so I better hold on to it and make it into a memory fast. You'll be amazed at how much more easily things tend to stay in your brain if you limit yourself to just three minutes a day, so three minutes is the key. Make sure you do 13 minute chunk every day, any more than one is a bonus, but one is essential. So just listen to this course completely activities, and you'll be amazed at how much you learn. 2. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 1: As you know, the whole of the Spanish language is made up off a certain number of structures. So let's get on and learn the 3rd 1 Structure three is very similar to structure one. The only difference is the infinitive carrier is in the past tense. Instead, like structure one, it consists of just three parts. Here's an example of it in use. Okay, Correa Comeere Cake Area Committee means What did you want to eat? Cake area called Mera. So that's break instructor down into its three components and give each component a name, as we do with the other structures. Okay, Means walked as a question. Would Correa, Katya means, did you want? And it's an inventive carrier liking structure one. But this infinitive Carrie is in the past, and so, we could say, is a past infinitive carrier, Kedia. And come here Comeere means to eat, and it's an infinitive. Okay, Correa Cormier. A question. Would a past tense, inventive carrier on Definitive? So those are the three components. You will hopefully remember what an inventive carry is from structure one. But if not, here's a quick reminder. An infinitive carrier is any word you comport an infinitive on the end off the infinitive carriers we learned in structure one were all in the present tense. We had puedo Puerto meaning. Can I really? Where the meaning can you kieny kieny? Which means Do you want that? Uh, that, uh are you going? What are you going to navel table means? Do I have to? Almost I Debbie Debbie means do you have to Almost you when Instructor three the infinitive carriers we're going to learn will be in the past tense. We've already seen one in the example Correa Correa, which means Did you want Kedia? We've also already learned all the question was, Let's do a quick recap. How do you say in Spanish where no, only walked. Okay. What time? A k order. When? Quentin How coma. Which or which one? Quiet. Why? Por que? How much, Quintal? How many? Qantas. How long or it's me. How much time Cuenta Temple? Who or him he in? Just like with the other two structures, we can change any of the three parts in structure three, For example. Instead of saying K at the start, which means what? We could change it to Donley, which means where. So the question can Gary a Comair, which means what did you want to eat would become Donley Correa Comeere, Which means when did you want to eat? Donned a carry a comet? Or we could change done day to Cuando which means when Quentin So we get Cuando Katya comeere Cuando Correa comeere means When did you want to eat? Cuando Correa? Comeere So the three questions cake carrier Comair don't take area come Here and Quando career premiere are only different in terms of their question word. So what did you want to eat? Where did you want to eat and when did you want to eat the carrier? Comair part stays the same and doesn't change. Just because you change the question would 3. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2a: using structure three. There are three parts to structure three. The question word the infinitive carry in the past tense on the infinitive. We've just been through all the question words on We've already got a good collection of infinitives, but let's do a quick recap of theirs. How do you say in Spanish to eat? Come here to drink, baby here, toe order Pay the year to try What about to pay by God to do or to make affair toe higher Al Qaeda to go here to take don't matter to have 10 air to change cumbia to buy Compleat to stop, Come inside to be se o esta to leave or to go out cellular to bringing dry air to spend money I guess that to spend time best that to see there, to call Yemma to stay, get out to find Incontrera and to say or to tell the fear. But what about the infinitive carriers in the past tense? Well, let's start with the U forms off all of these. You'll notice that they all end in the letters I A except for the last one. So we've already seen Correa Correa, which means did you want to say? See how ends in the letters I A and the eye has an accent on it. That means you have to stress that part. Correa, the next inventive carrier in the past tense is Badia for the which means could you So Correa, did you want podia? Could you? The next one is debia Davia means did you have to Maybe a Correa podia Libya Did you want, Could you? And did you have to? And then the last one doesn't follow the pattern. It's Eva eba Uh which means were you going to Eva? Uh so Correa, Padilla Debia and Eva did you want Could you Did you have to? And were you going therefore inventive carriers in the past tense that we can use to practice this structure? 4. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2b: How would you say in Spanish? What did you want to bring? Cake area prayer. Okay, carry a cry. When did you have to leave? Cuando vi? Esa Lear? Cuando debia Celia, What did you want to do? Que Correa a said Okay. Correa said, where did you have to go? So remember, whenever you use the word go in Spanish on the question would is where Then you have to say instead of Dundee and only And that's because the very year which means to go, always has a little proposition with it to go to somewhere so literally What you're saying in Spanish is to wear Did you have to go Monday? Maybe a year at only maybe a year. Whom did you want to call? Kian Katayama Ki n g area Yama. Where were you going to stay, Don't they? Eva! Kor! Don't they even get out? When did you want to eat? Cuando Correa Comeere Cuando Correa Comeere? What would you see? Okay for the affair, Okay for the affair. How much did you have to pay? Quinto, Davia pagar cuenta de be a bag! What were you going to say? Okay. Even address here. Okay, by this year. In speaking, the EBA and the are will sound almost like one word rather than que Iba. This year you'll hear gay you buy this year and so they're link them all together, even the K at the start. Sometimes if the next word starts with a vowel, it will link in speaking with the next word gave on this year, What were you going to say? Why did you want to leave? Poor cake area pork? A curious all year. 5. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2c: How would you say in Spanish? What did you have to do? Give the B Asta que debia? What were you going to do? Get Eva? Are there? Okay, bye. Where could you eat? None. They? Julia, come here. Don't they put the ark? Amir, when were you going to go out? Cuando eba aside here Cuando weber aside here How much we're going to bring Quinto Eva Atraer Quinto Betrayal. Which one were you going to buy while even a comprar quality by a comrade? How are you going to pay Cuomo? Deba Pagar, go Muivah up I got what could you buy? Keep with the ECU A bad Kpodo Coimbra Where did you want to go? I don't carry a year at on the Kerry a year? Why did you want to go Por que carry out year Por que carry a year? What would you do? Que padilla affair Que padilla affair? Just little note about the letter C in Spanish. The sea, when it's followed by an E or an I can be pronounced either like an s. So you would get a sale or like a soft T age affair. You can choose whichever one you want to use affair or assessor and you'll hear different ways as you travel through Spain and South America In South America, usually people productive like an s, I said, whereas in Spain it's a bit of a mixture, usually in the south. People put out it like an s a sale. And as you travel or north in Spain, then you'll start to hear people plants it more like a th affair. But you can choose a sailor or affair so capably affair. Okay, Padilla affair. 6. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 2d: How would you say in Spanish? Which one did you want to buy? Cual Kiriakou Brown Quale. Correa compared Why did you have to go Pork? A baby? A year? Pork aid every year. How much did you want to spend? Quinto Correa. Gaston. Quanta Correa. Gaston! Where could you go? So he got where and go and says they're saying, Donley, you have to use adamantly. Where would you go? And only for the year at only 40 a year. Where were you going to go? And on the even our year And on the Eva our year. Whom did you have to call? Key in Libya. Yemen. Ki n Davia Yemma. What did you have to take? Okay, maybe a tomar que debe a tomar. Where did you want to eat? Don't they carry a come here? Don't they carry a comeere who were going to call Ki n Eva Yemma. Kieny Volume a Where did you want to stay? Don't Bakery Akita. Don't they carry a kid? Are where could you stay? Don't they put the arcade? Are Don't they put the a kid are What did you want to say? Cake carrier this year. Okay, Area. This year 7. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 3: manipulating structure three you can manipulate start to three in many different ways. Just that you could with structures one and two, for example, you can take certain is out to make different types of questions. You don't always have to stick all three parts together. Let's see what happens when you don't put the question with on How would you say in Spanish ? Did you want to eat? Getty Ankle man Correa, come here. So this is simply the infinitive. Carry in the past tense area and an inventive on the end. Come here. Did you want to eat here? Kiriakou? Monarchy. Correa. Calmer aqui. Did you have to pay baby up? I got they be up. I got Did you want to pay the bill for me, Cary? A placard. Eloquent a part of me. Kerry about garlic went a part of me. So those are some examples. Off struck 23 without the question would at the start. Now let's see what happens if you don't put an infinitive on the end. How would you say in Spanish? What did you want? Cake? India. Katya. So have a go up playing around with structure three. Just using the infinitive carries that we've learned so far and see how many questions you can make with all three components. Just two components. By taking the question word off or by leaving the infinitive off the end, you've had all the question words, and you've had four inventive carries in the past tense. But even though we've learned quite a lot of infinitives, there are loads and loads more that you can play around with. What you can do is if you think of a word that you would haven't got the infinitive for. I looked up in a dictionary and you'll know it's the infinitive because it will end in either the letters a R E r or I R. For example, if you didn't know how to say right, you would look up in a dictionary and you'll see it was s Cree beer. A screen here and you know, is right word because esque revere ends in the letters I R. And then you can try and make a sentence out of that. What were you going to write? Okay, Eva, are a scream beer. This is a good way off building new vocabulary. Andi building with every that's more personal to you with that your use when you're in Spain. If you don't have a dictionary, a good website you can use is word reference. If you type in www dot word reference dot com, then you'll find an online dictionary or you have to do is click English to Spanish or Spanish to English Type in the word that you want Andi. You'll find it, and the infinitives will have a little V after them. And that stands for verb, because all infinitives are verbs and the infinitives that you want are the ones that end in E. R. I. R and A are, and you can put them on the end off structure three. 8. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 4a: as a non question. So far, we've only looked at Structure three in a question. Form it. However, you can also use it in a non question. Let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the structure in the question form. So structure three in the question format consists of just three parts. Okay, Gildea, go man, What did you want to eat? The question. Would the past invented of carrier on the infinitive? Just like the other structures. You can also add the optional fourth part, the extra information and get a question like K Correa premier a year. What did you want to eat yesterday? To use this structure when you're not asking a question is quite simple. You just take the question marks away and get rid of the question. Would the infinitive carriers change in English? But they say the same in Spanish. Let me show you what I mean. Let's compare a question on a non question in the strip 34 months cake Idiot Affairs Que que area affair means? What did you want to do? Okay, Kariya affair. If you take away the question marks on the question, would you get Correa affair, which means you wanted to do Correa affair. And then you can admits to that, for example, Correa affair esto y air. You wanted to do that yesterday, Correa said of yesteryear. Or Correa Komaki. You wanted to eat here. So the infinitive carrier Correa means, Did you want in a question? And you wanted in a non question Correa. There a bedroom means you wanted to see pen drew carry a year, a moderate. You wanted to go to Madrid, and so you can put any infinitive on the end of Kedia to mean you wanted to do something. Let's compare them the infinitive carriers in the question format, and then the same infinitive carries in Spanish with their meanings in English. In a non question. So Padilla in a question, means Could you or were you able to in a non question podia means you could or you were able to Correa means, Did you want in a question? And then, in a non question, it means you wanted Katya debia means did you have to in the question format and debia in a non question means you have to Eva means Were you going? If you use it in a question, but even our means you were going. If it's a non question, Padilla, Correa, Libya and Eva they don't change in Spanish, but the meaning changes in English. 9. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 4b: So that's practice this structure in a non question for Mitt How are you saying Spanish? You wanted to buy something here for petro carry a comprar algo rocky para Pedro Correa Comprar algo aqui para Pedro. You're going to buy it tomorrow Even a comprar low manana, even a comprar low manana. You could see it for the A very low for the A very low said the law in Spanish in this sentence means it when you want to say it after a verb so you could see it when in Spanish you can hook the law onto the end off the infinitive so poorly at very low you could see it . Or if you wanted to say you could do it, you would say Padilla affair low. So the word law can hook onto the end often infinitive in Spanish. Then it means it. How would you say you had to pay the bill? Davia pagar la Quinta Davia pagar la Quinta You're going to buy something at the supermarket, Eva. A comprar algo a super mare. Cattle. Even a comprar algo al supermercados. You're going to buy some cheese, even a combat? I guess so. Eva I combated Castle. And so you haven't got to say the word. Some in Spanish, even a complex case. So you're going to be here early Now. The verb to be in Spanish has two translations. It could be sehr or is bad when you're saying where someone is, then use a star. And so in this sentence, you were going to be here. Well, here is where they're going to be. So you use estar Eva? I started keeping problem. Eva I Starkey Tim Branham. So there you have it. The third Spanish structure in a non question form. Katya Comeere aqui air the infinitive carrier in the past tense an infinitive and then extra information on the end. Correa Goemaere aqui air You wanted to eat here yesterday? 10. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5a: So far, we've only looked at the inventive carriers in the past for you you'll notice that they all end in the letters I a with an accent over the I except for the last one, which was eba. So we've had podia, which means could you or were you able to Katie? Yeah, Meaning. Did you want debia means? Did you have to? And then Eva means Were you going? So Katya means did you want? But where does it come from? Well, let's take the verb care, which is where Correa comes from and I'll conjugated into the past tense. So care means to want. And in the past we get Correa, which means I wanted get Yes, you wanted Correa, he or she or you wanted Kerry emos. We wanted Carrie eyes you wanted and Gary in they or you wanted. Now you might have noticed that the I wanted and that he she you wanted forms are identical . Correa. Well, this can occasionally cause a bit of confusion. So what you can add as an optional extra are these afterwards? Your Which means I l meaning he a Yeah, meaning she and Steve, which means you these are only really used. If it's unclear as to whom you're referring when you're using Correa, since it can mean multiple things so you can say your media to clarify that it's I wanted. LG Area clarifies that he wanted a Yeah, Katya means she wanted and you stayed. Correa means you wanted. Additionally, you might have noticed that there are four ways to say you wanted. We've got curious Carrie. Yeah, with the Allstate, Carrie, IEA's and Gideon. Well, these are all used slightly differently to each other. Karius is used when you're talking to one person whom you know very well. It's classed as a singular, informal way off saying you wanted so you can use it with friends, Correa or instead, Correa. If you add the optional extra or Steve is used when you're talking to somebody you don't know very well, it's classed as the singular form away off saying you wanted. I tend to use this way more than the informal way, just so I don't offend anybody by trying to be too informal. Then we have carry ice Getty ice, which is used when you're talking to a group of people, all of whom you know very well. It's classed as the informal plural, and finally you have carrion Gideon, which is used when you're addressing a group of people you don't know too well. In this course, however, we're going to stick with the singular form away instead. Correa. Whenever we mentioned the word you wanted, so that's your key area. KTs n a yeah, or state Correa Getty Amal's Getty Iea's Gideon. 11. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5b: If you look at the last letters off the verb care as its conjugated through all the different persons, you'll soon notice that we're the same endings for all the infinitive carriers in the past tense The endings Are I a I a s I A i a m o s I a bias and I a n So yeah, e s e a e m o s e eyes Ian Correa Kerry ask area Gary Almost scary eyes Gideon Let's look at another infinitive carrier verb. So you can see the endings are the same in the past for that one too. We've already had debia, which means did you have to? But it comes from the web de bear, which means to have to almost so let's look at the full conjugation off de bear in the past tense. We have your Davia Debbie s l A Yeah, or instead Davia, Debbie Emos, Debbie Ice and Vivian. I had to you had to he she or you had to We had to You had to and they had to. And you'll notice that there are those letters again in the end. Yeah, yes, Yeah. Emma's eyes. Ian debia de Bs debia Debbie Emos, the FBI's Davian to turn the infinitive carriers in the past tense into a question. All you have to do is just add question marks. And the question would, for example, Correa means both. You wanted Andi, Did you want here? The two verbs care Andi there with their question for meanings in the past tense. So get in, Correa means Did I want KTs? Did you want Kedia? Did he she or you want Katie? Almost did. We want Kerry ice. Did you want Gideon? Did they want? And again you can add the your If you want to clarify that, it's I or the l A. Yeah, Andi or step. If you want to clarify that, it's the he she or you and you can put these anywhere in the sentence so you can put them right next to the verb. Or you can put even putting at the end of the sentence. De bear means to have to the area. Did I have to baby s? Did you have to Davia? Did he she or you have to Davey Emos Did we have to the FBI's Did you have to? And Debian? Did they have to 12. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 5c: Let's see if you can translate some of these structure three questions. How would you say in Spanish? How did he want to pay coma? Katya by God, Cuomo, carry a bag. Or you can put the word l in there somewhere and say Cuomo Correa l bag are. But as I said, you can put the l anywhere. L r como El Khoury. Abakar coma career by God end. How would you say, Where did they have to go? And only baby and you and on the TV in year What do we have to do? Okay, baby animals affair. Okay, baby. Almost affair. Why did you have to see Pedro? Por que Davia? Very a bedroom. Por que habia Vera Pedro. And you can put your step anyway. You like in that sentence? Pork A debatable Stayed there. A bedroom or pork? A debia Vera Pedro stiff. What did you have to do yesterday? Give me a yeah, fair a year. Okay, baby. A year affair a year. And the area is optional. Go anywhere so you can just say Hey, maybe after a year What did they want to do yesterday? Gideon affair. Ah, yes. Okay. Gideon affair. What time did you have to leave? A que aura devious earlier or a K or a debia who stayed cellular. So just a recap. So far we've seen two full infinitive carriers in the past Tense Get It was a key area. Curious Correa, Gary and most Gary eyes Gideon did I want Did you want? Did he she or you want? Did we want Did you want on? Did they want? Then we had Devon Davia, DBS Davia They be almost Debbie Ice Baby m Did I have to? Did you have to? Did he she or you have to? Did we have to? Did you have to? And did they have to? 13. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6a: here is a more infinitive carriers in the past. Try and have a go at conjugating them before you look using these endings. Yeah, e s e a e m o s e eyes. Andi in. You already know how to say the U form in each of the infinitive carriers. So all you have to do is remove the I and the A from the end of that on add the's endings, for example. We already knew Correa meant Did you want? Well, we did was take the eye in the eighth off the end of media and we were left with care. We then put the different endings under the end of that we got a area Getty s Kedia kitty emos, Getty eyes Gideon. Well, we've already seen that podia means, could you? This comes from the web for their meaning can. So we take off the I and the A from the end and then we can add the normal endings we get podia Could I for the Yes Could you por dia? Could he or she or you for the AMA's Could we for the ice could you and body in? Could they? This could also be in non questions. In which case Padilla would mean I called on again with the I forms. You can put your in front of podia just to clarify that you don't mean he or she or you but you mean I so your body A I could but yes, you could. And ahah or step Boudia he she or you could for the Amoros we could for the ice you could and for the in they could. 14. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6b: So how would you say in Spanish? I could see Pablo for the affair. A Pablo, or to clarify your body affair? A Pablo, you put the affair a Pablo. What could you see that Get a body of air i e keep of the affair or you can put will step in there and say Kpodo, step where i e Could they help for the end? Are you that for the And I knew that. What would he do? Get for the affair que podia affair where you can put l to clarify that it's he get for the a l affair Because K Proteus there could be What could he do? What could I do? What could she do? What would you do and say you can add the your l A Yeah. Or step Teoh. Make it clear as to who you're speaking about. Now this next phrase is the only exception to the I A endings, the phrase Eva Eva office. It is an end in i A. It comes from the verb ear, which means go and Eva means Were you going? Well, Here's Eva conjugated in the past tense. So Eva means was I going. Ive asa, Were you going, Eva? Was he she or were you going? E. Obamas are so in this one. You notice that the eye gets an accent on that so you keep the same stress rather than saying Obama's you say E Bama's Obama's Were we going e buys? Uh, were you going and even were they going in a non question Eva would mean I was going, and you can put the your in front of it to clarify that. So your Eva I was going Eva's are in a non question. Means you were going El or a Yaya or Austell EBA. He or she or you were going Even most are we were going. Even these, uh, you were going and even a they were going 15. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 6c: So how would you say in Spanish? What was she going to do? Get Eva. I said get you back past there where you can put a yacht in there. Get Eva. Yah! I said whom was he going to call? G n Hayama ki n Eva Ja'Mar. Or you can put l in the key N Eva L. Hayama. And again you can put the l anywhere. So you can say l kieny volume are or key in volume Aren How would you say in Spanish they were going to stay here? Even a kid, Iraqi, even a kid are a key. I was going to speak, Eva. I've learned people have a lot. So the EBA, in speaking will often sound like one word more than eba. Avelar. You'll hear people say Babylon. So the past tense infinitive carriers for structure three our area Karius, Katya Getty Emos Gary eyes Get'em Which means did I want did you want? Did he she or you want Did we want Did you want or did they want debia baby us Davia, They be emos The B I's they be in. Which means did I have to? Did you have to did he She or you have to. Did we have to? Did you have to? Andi? Did they have to Padilla for the S Badia for the ama's for the eyes, for the end means could I Could you Could he she or you Could we could you? And could they and then eba e bassa Eva even most, uh, e buys. Uh, even, uh means Was I going to Were you going to? Was he she or you going to? Were we going to? Were you going to and were they going to? 16. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7a: turning it all negative. There's one more useful thing that you can do to this structure, and that's make it negative. You can change the infinitive carriers from positive negative quite easily in English, for example, Why were you going to Madrid becomes, Why weren't you going to Madrid? Could I go with you? Becomes Why couldn't I go with you? When did you want to do it? When didn't you want to do it in English? It's simply a matter of putting a little n apostrophe t after part of the infinitive carry when it's even easier in Spanish or you have to do to any inventive carriers. Negative is port the word no in front of them. For example, Katya means, Did you want Correa? No que area? No que area means. Didn't you want? You can do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the question form. So with care, we have no que area. Didn't I want North Korea's? Didn't you want no que area? Didn't he or she or you want no carry animals? Didn't we want no Kerry eyes? Didn't you want and no Kerry in? Didn't they want with a bear? We have no debia. Didn't I have to? No. There? Yes. Didn't you have to? No Libya, didn't he? She or you have to. No, Davey Emos. Didn't we have to? No, they're the eyes. Didn't you have to? No, they be in. Didn't they have to? With poor there we get no podia, couldn't I? Nobody us, couldn't you? No podia couldn't he she or you? No for the Ama's, couldn't we? No, for the eyes, couldn't you? Nobody end. Couldn't day with here we get No Eva. Wasn't I going? Or wasn't I going to? No Ive Asa, Where you going? No, Eva, Wasn't he She or when you going to No, even mosa when we going or what we're going to No ive isa. When you going to No ive Anna Went they going? Or were they going to? So we have to do is put the word No in front of the infinitive carrier in Spanish on Do you turn the whole sentence? Negative 17. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7b: So how would you say in Spanish? Why couldn't I go with you? Por que no podia year Kano state por que No podia year Kano state where you can put your in there to make it clear It's I pour que no podia your year commerce Steve, What couldn't you bring? Get up with the atraer? Okay, Nobody atraer or with Instead you can se que no podia who state Try here. Where you going to buy something for Maria? No, he back Umbrella group Anna Maria No Eva comprado bottom area. Who couldn't I call que no podia yama Okay. And nobody are your yamma. Why didn't he have to do it? Por que No debia l a fairly Por que? No The b a l a feral. Why didn't they have to go to Barcelona? Por que No There be a near about Sedona Por que no Davia near Barcelona. Which one? Didn't you want to buy? Quite know Correa compared cual no Correa compra You can also turn the non question infinitive carriers negative. You do it the same way. You simply port no in front of them. So for example, Badia means I could no podia would mean I couldn't. And so you can do this with any off the infinitive carries in the past tense, for example, With get ahead, we have no que area, no que area, Which means I didn't want to No, Katya's. You didn't want no que area he or she or you didn't want no Carrie Anne Moss. We didn't want no Kerry eyes. You didn't want no carrion they didn't want. 18. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 7c: with their bare in the negative we get No the idea I didn't have to. No, they b s. You didn't have to No idea He or she or you didn't have to. No, they be emus. We didn't have to No debe ice. You didn't have to. No, they be on. They didn't have to With poor there we get no podia I couldn't. Not for the eyes. You couldn't? No podia he or she or you couldn't? No for the animals we couldn't. Not for the eyes you couldn't. Nobody in they couldn't. With here we get No Eva, I wasn't going to No Ive Asa, You weren't going to No, Eva, He or she or you weren't going No, even mosa We weren't going or we weren't going to. No, e Baeza, you weren't going or you weren't going to And no, even they weren't going. So how would you say in Spanish? I couldn't do it yesterday. No, for the affair lawyer. No podia Othello. A year where you can put your in their your know about the affair in my ear. I didn't want to eat the chocolate. No, Correa Comeere took a lot. No, Correa Comeere! It took a lot. I wasn't going to spend too much money. No, Eva, I got started. The mast Reality narrow No, Ive Aga started the Mastel narrow. You didn't have to call Pedro. No, they bialy Amara Pedro. No, they be I am are a bedroom. Or you can put who stayed in there somewhere instead. They didn't want to eat here. No carry income Iraqi No Kerry income Iraqi. I wasn't going to hire it. I was going to buy it. No, Eva, kill Arlo even a compatible. Or you can put your at the start and say you're no even alcohol are low back on fragile. 19. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8a: So let's do a quick recap of all the question words. Instructor three how you're saying Spanish wear, don't they? What? Okay. At what time? A K order. When? Wendell. How coma? Which or which one? Well, why? Por que How much cuenta? How many? Cuentos? How long will it be? How much time Quantum temple Who are him? Gin. And now let's recap all the past tense infinitive carriers. How do you say in Spanish? I wanted Katya. You wanted Getty Us? He or she or you wanted Kedia. We wanted get'em most you wanted in the plural Informal Get the ice they wanted. Get in. I had to debia you have to in the informal, singular DBS he or she or you had to debia we had to baby and most you have to in the informal poll the FBI they had to baby in I could Bardiya you could in the informal finger for the s he or she or you could Boudia we could Or the Mos you could in the informal plural for the ice they could for the end 20. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8b: How do you say in Spanish? I was going to Eva. You were going to in the informal, singular e Betha. He or she or you were going to Eva. We were going to even Mosa you were going to in the informal role in my youth. They were going to even a And now let's re couple the infinitives that we know How do you say in Spanish to eat, premier to drink baby here, toe order Betty Year to try Pretty bad to pay my God to do or to make I said the higher Al Kilar to go here to take no matter to have then air to change can be odd to buy compared to start, come inside to be se os star to leave or to go out Celia to bring dry air to spend money. I guess that to spend time pass down to see there to call Yamada to stay, get out to find, in contrast, to say or to tell this year 21. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8c: Now let's look at some extra information Words that you can use with this structure Talking about the past tense. Yeah, yeah, in Spanish means yesterday I yet last Semana pasada last semana pasada means last week literally The word semana means week So last Semana means the week on the word pasada means past or last so less semana Pasada is last week in a similar fashion. We have the phrase l annual Basso annual Passat Well, l annual means the year so in a Newcastle means last year and you'll notice that in last Semana pasada, the word pasada ended in an a Andi in l a new pasado pasado ends in an o. This is because the words semana is feminine So Basada has to agree to semana last Semana pasada But annual is masculine. So the word possible has to agree to the annual which is why ends in o an annual Busso are not I know t means last night are not Kathy knows Diaz. If it knows Diaz means two days ago after Los dias literally half a means it makes we've seen the phrase affair which could mean to make or to do while after means it makes it so When you say after does the US literally, it means it makes two days, or in English, we say things like it's been two days, but in Spanish, it means two days ago. And the way the athay goes in front of the time phrase, they comport after a in front of any time to mean something ago, for example, after a una semana means a week ago, literally ago a week or it's being a week cafe on annual half a one annual means a year ago , all its re ago, a year after an annual half a no semanas. If they don't steam on us means two weeks ago half a dose salmon US military ago, two weeks or is being two weeks or literally, it means it makes two weeks Athens or Sanyo's AF eight. No Sanyo's Means two years ago. I think it does. Sanyo's half a unos Diaz Well, we had earlier on does Diaz, which meant two days. Well, June DEA means one day or a day, and if you make both words plural, you get unos DS, which means more than one day or in English, we can say a few days. So after you almost Diaz means. A few days ago, 22. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8d: How would you say in Spanish? What were you going to bring yesterday? Que iba a prayer here. Que viva atraer air. What could you eat at the hotel? Que podia comeere hotel. Okay, Boudia Comeere arrow 10. You're going to spend too much money. Last week Eva, I got star Demasiado b Nehra la semana pasada Eva, I got started. There must be a very narrow last. What could you see last night? Cape Boudia Vera Nazi. Keep with the affair and multi. When did you want to go out? Cuando curious earlier Cuando curious all year I was going to bring some wine for Pablo yesterday. Eva Atraer vino para Pablo here Eva Atraer vino para Pablo year. Could they have a hotel for the ankle? Mere hotel for the ANC Amir Al 10 What time was he going to call Maria? A Que aura Eva EMR Maria! Or you can put n in the middle and say Ok Aura L Eva! Amaar! Maria! Did you want to pay the bill? Curia Pagar la Quinta Correa by Got a La Quinta 23. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8e: How would you say in Spanish? Where did you have to go? Don't they They be a year at on the baby. A year? What time did you want to start last week? A key or a key? Area Comments are la semana pasada Acura Gary a Communist. Our last semana pasada. Which one did you want to try? Quality. Scary A probe are quality scary? A probe are what we're going to do last week. Que iba sur la semana pasada Katiba asset of last semana pasada You could buy it yesterday for the a complete low air podia comprado air. Did you want to go out later? Curious earlier. Masterly. Kerry s a Lear master today I wanted to go out later. Curious. And your mustardy Correa Sandy thermostat. Did you want to see it carry a very low Kerry of Arrow. Did you want to try it? Carry a pro Barlow Gary A pro bottle 24. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8f: How would you say in Spanish? Which one? We're going to hire quite an evil killer. Quentin. Eva. I'll get out. Who did you want to see in Madrid? Kian Gary aware in Madrid Kian Carry aware in my grave Whom did you have to see in Barcelona? Kian Baby affair in Barcelona Kian Davey Affair in Barcelona, whom we're going to see in Seville and in Spanish. The name off the city Seville is say via. And it's about the same as in English except instead of an E. On the end, there's an A on the double L in Spanish is pronounced like a y. So it's pronounced say, via Kian Eva there in, say, via Kian Eva affair in severe I had to be there. Really Davey Asta e Zambrano Davia estara eating problem. You could bring it for Pedro. Podiatry are low Parapet podia traer Lo para Pedro. I couldn't see it there. No podia very low. I e not for the A very low. I e 25. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8g: How would you say in Spanish? I had to say something Davey had this year. Fallible Davia This year ago I wanted to bring it for Maria Kerry. Atraer o para Maria Correa Prayer Lo para Maria I had to start late. Davey equipments out of Saturday They be a comenzar Saturday You're going to eat something at the restaurant? Eva? A Camaro restaurant. Eva Camaro ago at a restaurant. I had to leave yesterday. Davia Sally A year devious earlier air. You wanted to buy something in Barcelona, Gary? A comprar algo in Barcelona. Correa comprar algo in Barcelona. You're going to be there yesterday, Eva, I started year year. Eva, I start. I eat a year. You have to go to Spain. The area here. I Spagna Davia here I Spagna. Why did you have to leave yesterday? Pork? A baby. A severe here. Poor kid. Maybe a severe. Here 26. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8h: How would you say in Spanish? You couldn't buy it last year? No podia compatible. No podia comprado on your person. She wanted to say something Kerry had this year ago. Ahah Gary at this year ago. You're going to bring it with you. Eva Atraer local state Eva Atraer local state. I wanted to eat something Chediak commit algo Correa Comeere algo. You're going to spend too much money. Even I got started. Demasiado Arenado Eva August are demasiado dinero. I had to find the hotel Davia Incontrera Hotel Debia Incontrera Hotel. I was going to change it later. Eva Akemi are low mass star Eva can be are no master today you're going to buy too much even a combat Eva a comprar demasiado 27. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8i: How would you say in Spanish? I wanted to buy something here. Carry a comprar algo Rocky Gary a comprar algo AKI. You could buy it in Madrid. Podia comprado in Madrid podia comprado in Madrid. I had to drink something. Davia Baby album. They be a very valuable I couldn't bring it yesterday. Nobody atraer no years no podiatry air low air. You wanted to buy something from Maria Correa? Comprar algo para Maria Gary A comprar algo panna Maria. I was going to buy it for you. Even a compatible battle state Eva compatible barrel staves. I wanted to buy it for Maria Correa. Comprado para Maria Correa. Compare Lo Para Maria. 28. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8j: How would you say in Spanish? He was going to buy it for me tomorrow. Eva. A comparable para mi manana. Eva comprado para mi manana. Or you comport ale in front of a sentence. Which means he and say l even a comparative para Mim Aniano How would you say in Spanish? I wanted to see Valencia tomorrow. Kerry ofher Valencia manana carry a very Valencia manana. You have to call Anna Debbie a Yama Onna Davia Yama Onna How would you say in Spanish? I was going to call Carla tomorrow. Eva, I am are a car LaMagna Eva Ja'Mar Carla Manana. I want to spend three weeks there Carry a pass Our trace Imanishi, carry a pass Our press Imanishi, I was going to order the chicken for Pablo Eva App Idea El poco para Pablo Eva App idea Elbow your para Para I had to change the reservation. Davia can be out a lot of server debia camp er la reserva 29. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8k: How would you say in Spanish? I had to go, baby A year, maybe a year. You had to eat something. Davia Comeere Algo Debbie. A comet ago. We're going to buy something here. Even a compatible Blocky Eva. A comprar algo Rocky. He was going to do it later. Eva Acero McStarley or N E Vocero. Master, you have to be in Malibu tomorrow. Debia a star in Malaga. Manana, baby! I started in Malaga Manana. They were going to start soon. Even I come in, Sarah pronto. Even a comments are pronto. You could buy something at the hotel for the A comparable hotel body. A comprar algo hotel. You're going to bring it for Diego even trying. Lo para Diego Eva Atraer lo para Diego. 30. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 8l: How would you say in Spanish? Why did you have to change it? Por que Maybe I can be poor kid. Maybe I can be Arlo. I had to call Maria. Debbie I am Are a Maria the b m r a. Maria. I had to be in Granada last week. Maybe I start in Granada. Last manifesto, baby. I start in Granada last Semana Pasada. Why couldn't you come with us? Por que no podia venial contratos por que no podia veneer. Kamasutra. I wasn't going to buy it today. No. Ive a camera. We no Eva. A comparable away. Is that structure? Three A question. Would a past inventive carrier an infinitive? And then, if you like, import extra information on the end. So here's an outline off structure three. And just like before. You can practice this structure by saying sentences yourself over and over and change one business time. So don't wait for the A camera here. Where would you eat yesterday? Say that again and again. And then change one part. Don't be Put the A camera here. Don't they put the a camera here? Capel, you commit air? What could you eat yesterday and As you change each part in your mind, try and think of what you're saying in English. This will help the structure to become very familiar with you. In particular, it will help you to become very familiar with each individual part, especially the past inventive carriers podia debia Correa, etcetera. You want to become very familiar with them so that when you hear them, you instantly know what they mean and also so that you'll be able to use them without thinking. 31. Spanish Structure 3 Chapter 9: so don't forget that you can use this structure in four different ways. You can have a positive question, a positive non question and negative question on a negative non question. So an example off a positive question in structure three is Deora Gideon Aqaba. A que aura Gideon. What time did they want to finish? So you have a question. Word back aorta. The past inventive carrier KTM on the infinitive. Aqaba. You can turn this into a non question simply by removing the question word. And so you'll get something like Cherian, aka bar Last Raise Carrie Ann Hochevar, Allah stressed. And so the Kerry and Nicobar part doesn't change. But you can add extra information on the and if you want, and that means they wanted to finish at three o'clock carryin aka bar the Last Rays. You can make the question negative by putting no in front off the infinitive carrier. So por que no carry on here. Por que no carry on year. Why didn't they want to go? And you can make the negative question into a negative non question by taking the question with off so you'll get something like no carry on year. No carry on here. They didn't want to go. So you have a positive question. Acura, Kerry Anacapa. What time did they want to finish? A positive non question Gideon, aka bar at a stress. They wanted to finish at three. And negative question Por que No carry on here. Why didn't they want to go on a negative known question? No carry. Any years, they didn't want to go. 32. The Happy Linguist: If you would like some hints and tips on how to make the most out of these courses on how to accelerate your language learning, you can read through my articles on my blawg called The Happy Linguist. I have written almost 400 articles on their full of ideas to keep learning a language fresh and exciting, and I'm constantly updating it with new articles. For example, you can listen to some foreign language songs that I have translated into English. For you, this is always a great way of learning new vocabulary. You can find lots of foreign language films and books that I recommend, or you can find extra language and grammar points that reinforce the content you've been learning in my three minute languages courses. So if you want to read all my articles for free, just head to my blawg at www 0.3 minute dot club forward slash bloke. As well as being able to read hundreds of articles on my block, you can sign up to my mailing list. Andi. You'll get a message sent straight to your inbox to let you know whenever I publish new articles or publish new courses so w w w 0.3 minute dot club forward slash blawg is where you can find the happy linguist. I hope you enjoy unhappy learning.