Building Structures in Spanish - Structure 1 | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

Building Structures in Spanish - Structure 1

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Building Structures in Spanish - Structure 1

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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22 Lessons (1h 21m)
    • 1. Spanish Structure 1 Introduction

      4:20
    • 2. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 1

      3:34
    • 3. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 2

      5:34
    • 4. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 3

      5:04
    • 5. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 4a

      3:35
    • 6. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 4b

      3:56
    • 7. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5a

      3:03
    • 8. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5b

      3:05
    • 9. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5c

      3:03
    • 10. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5d

      3:07
    • 11. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5e

      3:18
    • 12. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 6

      5:11
    • 13. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7a

      3:18
    • 14. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7b

      3:11
    • 15. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7c

      3:06
    • 16. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7d

      3:12
    • 17. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7e

      3:57
    • 18. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8a

      3:07
    • 19. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8b

      3:12
    • 20. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8c

      4:39
    • 21. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 9

      4:41
    • 22. The Happy Linguist

      1:30
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About This Class

The whole of the Spanish language can be broken down into several different structures. If you take any sentence from any Spanish book or any utterance, you will see that it fits into one of these structures.


I remember one weekend, I was writing some lessons for the week ahead, when I suddenly realised this. I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in Spanish, and that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out all the structures, and I wrote them all down.


Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, but all the structures together make up the whole Spanish language. Once you’ve learnt how a structure works, all you have to do is insert different words into the slots and you have a sentence.


This course introduces you to structure 1. I’ve limited each course to one structure so as not to overburden you. By looking at just one structure at a time, you can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. It will help to clarify the Spanish language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think about as is it were a maths equation.


Each structure can also help to propel you to fluency; if you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to thing about how to say it.
This course contains plenty of practice opportunities for you to revise what you’ve learnt and it also contains some hints and tips on how best to learn and memorise the structures and the vocabulary that goes with them. You’ll learn how to make questions out of structure 1, how to make statements and how to turn positive statements negative.


The Building Structures in Spanish series is set out using the same learning techniques as the 3 Minute Spanish courses. You can work through the course in three minute chunks, enabling anybody to learn Spanish, no matter how little time you have.

If you would like to move on to Building Structures in Spanish: Structure 2, then click here: https://skl.sh/2yVQqae

PROGRESS TO THE NEXT COURSE

Once you have finished this course, you can continue onto the next course where you’ll learn all about structure 2 in Spanish. Here are the links for all the Building Structures courses currently available on SkillShare:

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 1

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 2

Building Structures in Spanish – Structure 3

 

I have a second series of courses available called “3 Minute Spanish”. This series builds the Spanish language in small chunks and shows you how to put the chunks together to form your own sentences. With the 3 Minute courses, you’ll be speaking lots Spanish from the very start. Here are the links to the 3 Minute Spanish courses on SkillShare:

3 Minute Spanish – Course 1

3 Minute Spanish – Course 2

3 Minute Spanish – Course 3

3 Minute Spanish – Course 4

3 Minute Spanish – Course 5

 

Finally, if you want to explore the Spanish language even further, I have some Spanish grammar courses available. I’ve used the same method in these courses as I have in the other courses, so hopefully you’ll find them fun and interesting

Spanish Grammar – Quick Guide – Verbs 1

 

If you would like to learn a different language, I have the same courses above available in French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch. Just head to my SkillShare profile page to find them all: https://www.skillshare.com/user/3minutelanguages

 

Happy learning

 

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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1. Spanish Structure 1 Introduction: Hola. Even Benito. Hello and welcome to building structures in Spanish. Structure one. I'm Karen Andi. I'm a language tutor based in the UK On I wrote this course too happy to learn to speak Spanish. The whole of the Spanish language is made up off a number of structures. I remember one weekend I was writing some lessons for the week ahead. When I suddenly realized this, I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in Spanish on that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out how many structures the role together on guy wrote them all down. Once you know what all the structures are, you can begin to lend them. Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, and all the structures together make up the whole Spanish language when she learned all the structures or you have to do is insert different words into the slots and you have a sentence. These structures also helped repel you to fluency. If you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you could start to say anything you want without having to think about it. Each structure enables you to say a huge amount. So I have limited each cause to one structure, so as not overbearing you By looking at just one structure at a time, you can really get to grips with it and understand this usage. It will have you to clarify the Spanish language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think through like it's a maths equation. Before I start this course, let me share with you an extremely handy learning tip that helped me to progress quickly and effectively in language learning. When most people start studying for anything, they tend to spend the first day or two studying for hours and hours and get through those of work. However, very quickly this begins to dwindle. You might feel like spending hours studying Spanish, which is great, but you want that feeling of motivation to continue on. It won't continue if you actually spend hours studying. Limit your study time to chunks of just three minutes no more if you limit your studying to just three minute chunks. There are three things that will happen. Firstly, you're maintain enthusiasm. If you want to learn anything, you have to maintain enthusiasm or else you won't continue. If you limit your story time to just three minutes. You'll keep Spanish fresh and exciting, and you'll be eager to learn. If you spend hours studying very quickly, you'll get bored with Spanish and it'll turn into a chore. Secondly, your study more consistently. It's much better to study for just three minutes once a day, then to study for three hours once a week. A spare three minutes is relatively easy to find, even in the most hectic schedules. If you make sure you complete at least 13 minutes to the session every day, it will quickly become a habit that you'll do without thinking. It's much easier to fit in a daily three minute habit than a weekly one hour. Have it. By doing this, you'll become a much more consistent learner. Andi consistency is the key to success. Thirdly, you'll remember things more effectively. This is my favorite reason as to why I should limit your study to just three minutes trunks . If you study something for just three minutes every day, you're trick your brain into memorizing the information more quickly than if it were to see the information for hours each day. It will think I see this information every day, so it must be important, but I don't see it for very long, so I better hold on to it and make into memory fast. You'll be amazed at how much more easily things tend to stay in your brain if you limit yourself to just three minutes a day, so three minutes is the key and set a timer and what you reach three minutes. Stop then give yourself at least half an hour before you do another three minutes. You should aim to do at least 13 minute drunk every day, any more than that is a bonus. But one is fine. Just listen to the course and completely exercises, that's all, and you'll be amazed at how much you learn 2. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 1: the whole of the Spanish language is made up of different structures of words. If you know the words on, do you know which order to put them in? You can speak the language. So let's get on unlearned. The first structure structure one consists of just three parts. Andi, here is an example of it in use. Okay. Chiari, come here. Carrie, come here. Means what do you want to eat? Cakey Eric Amir. Let's break this structure down into its three components on. Give each component a name. Okay, Okay. Means what? Okay. And it's a question. Would key Eddie means Do you want Andi? It's an infinitive carrier. We'll talk about what this means shortly. Sochi Every do you want. Comeere means to eat. And that's an infinitive. So those are the three components. A question word. An infinitive carrier. Andi An infinitive. You may be wondering, What on earth is an infinitive Andan infinitive carrier? Well, an infinitive is just a VEB Onda vahrd is a word. You can put two in front off, for example, to eat, to drink, to speak, to smoke, to go, to be, to hear, to arrive, to leave an infinitive carrier is any word You comport an infinitive on the end off in English. We have things like I would like. Do you want Andi? I'm going because you can put infinitives on the end of these. For example, I would like to eat. I would like to drink. I would like to go. Do you want to leave? Do you want to call? Do you want to eat? I'm going to arrive. I'm going to go. I'm going to dance. So any word that you comport an infinitive on the end off I call an infinitive carrier. Now we can change any of the three parts in this structure. For example, instead of saying OK at the start, which means what? We could change it to Donley. Meaning way. So OK, Chiari, come here means what do you want to eat? And that would become Donley Chiari comeere Meaning, where do you want to eat? You'll notice is well, that into Spanish. They put an upside down question mark at the start of any question. So we've got K was what done? They means where we could change the question. We're to Quentin. It'll which means when so we get Cuando Key Eric Rohmer. Meaning, When do you want to eat? Did you notice how the rest of the structure stayed the same? The key Eddie Comair, apart at the end didn't motor just because you change the question where it start. So that's three question Where's we could use at the start of structure? One done day. Meaning where? Okay. Meaning what? And qandeel meaning when. Let's add a few more infinitives. Onda a few more infinitive carriers, so we can really start to manipulate this structure. 3. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 2: using structure one. Here's a list off a few question words. A few infinitive carriers. Andi. Quite a few infinitives. What we're going to do is use this list of words to get used to structure one by making up some questions. So we already know Donley means where Andi que means what que order A K order means At what time? Gay order, uh means at gay means what and order means time or our act aorta At what time? Cuando body seen means when Cuando and we'll add one more question word. Coma Coma means how comma So don't that k a k order Cuando and coma That's add some infinitive carriers. Puerile kredell means can I Pueblo Key Eddie, we've already had means Do you want key, Eddie? And that, uh, that means are you going to Puerto Key Eri Andraka? And that's as some infinitives on the end. Cormier premiered means to eat Comair. Now the reason I've put look to in brackets on these words in the infinitive list is because sometimes in English we say the two. But other times you miss it off, for example, what do you want to do? But then What can I do? And so in the first sentence we say the word to what you want to do. But in the second sentence, we just say, What can I do? Miss it off? But in Spanish, it's always just Comair. Baby baby means to drink baby Paid a year Paneer means toe order Padilla, pro by crowbar means to try crowbar. I always think this way looks a little bit like a probe. When you probe something, you want to try and see what it is crowbar to try. My God means to pay Pagar Astaire a sale this one means to do or to make as to meetings. Do or make on. The hate in Spanish isn't pronounced so us there. I'll kill our means to hire Al Kilar Year. Here is a tiny where it means to go here Domeier tomar means to take tomorrow. The near thin air means tohave. Then there and Camby are can be odd means to change Come Yaar. So what we can do with this first structure is start to build up questions using the three parts the question word infinitive, carrier and then infinitive on the end. So how do you say in Spanish? Where can I pay? Don't be put off by God. Donned a Puerto Parker. What can I eat? Get with the committee. Que puedo comeere. Where do you want to eat? Don't the Kerry come here. Don't! Carrie, come here. What you want to drink? KQED barrier Kicky Everybody here. What you going to order? Give up in here. Okay. Provide for years by a building question is using structure one. You'll not only get yourself more familiarized with the vocabulary and structure, but you'll also without even trying reduced the time it takes for you to string a sentence together in Spanish. Let's do a few more. What you going to do? Gave us there, Kate, via a set. Had you want to pay coma? Kerry Packer Cuomo. What can I try? Keep whether provide. Okay. Puerto promote 4. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 3: now. So far, I've said that the first structure is made up of three parts. A question. Would an infinitive carrier Andi infinitive. However, there is 1/4 part, which I'll call extra information. The fourth part of structure one is simply extra information such as extra announces adjectives, Time Warner's etcetera. We can add the extra information into the end off the question. So, for example, KQED comeere means what you want to eat. But we could say cakey Eric Amir s Donald. It's done of Jimmy's tonight. So this means what you want to eat tonight. Kiki, Eric Amir is the not. So you just put the extra information on the end off question Known the Chiari Comeere means Where do you want to eat? But you could add some extra information and say none. Daycare. Comeere, manana. Where do you want to eat tomorrow? Man Yana means tomorrow. KQED affair means what do you want to do? Kick Area said. But we could add a word on to the end and say something like K key areas. There are aura I would I mean is now so kick. Yet I said, I know what I mean is what you want to do now. We've had a few question words. A few infinitive carriers on quite a few infinitives. So here are some extra information words that you can use on Add on to the end of your questions. Manana man Yana means tomorrow Magnon the squiggle over the letter N Inman Yana makes the end sound near man Yana Imagine that's why after the end, Magnon boy means today it's Donati means tonight Esta noche que actually means this night, is that not? It s that means of this But you can use it to mean tonight our means. Now our must Natalie Must Natalie means later literally. Must are they means more late muss is more and Saturday means late So must are the more late or later I'm aggrieved. Madrid means to Madrid in Madrid, in Madrid means in Madrid is two and n means in I'll restaurant I Look restaurant. This could mean at the restaurant or to the restaurant I restaurant it for you l for you means the chicken it for you and I regard for in every go wrong. This means the red coat literally l abri go means the coat on De Rocco means red. And that's because in Spanish when you're saying what Collison thing is, you put the cooler after the word. So inning that you say the red coat in Spanish. You say the coat which is red l abri go Ownby yet Wouldn't be yet means a ticket. Whenever you have a double L in Spanish, it's pronounced as though it were a Why would be yet about a bedroom. But up bedroom means for pentru off. They can change the world Pedro to any name para Maria Parra. Juan Carlos Sophia. It just means for whoever para Pedro for bedroom and a key AKI means here a key. So now you're armed with some extra information words You commit your questions a little bit more adventurous. How would you say in Spanish? What you going to do now, Kate? Vice there, Give us that order. What you going to do for Pedra? Give us a parapet. Okay, I said what time you want to eat later? A que aura! Chiari Comeere Master today a key or a key? Eric Rohmer myostatin e 5. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 4a: manipulating structure. One. You can manipulate structure one in many different ways. For example, you can take certain bits out to make different types of questions. You don't always have to stick all three parts together. Let's see what happens when you don't put the question would at the start. How would you say in Spanish, Do you want to eat key? Eric Rohmer? Kierra Comair's So there's no question we're gonna start here. So it's not what you want to eat or where do you want to eat? It's just do you want to eat? Kieny Camaro. Do you want to eat here? Key. Erica Maracay Key. Erica Mackey Are you going to pay Bob? I got vap I got. Do you want to pay the bill now? Kerry Packer Eloquent our Chiari pagar La Quinta our now that see what happens if you don't put an infinitive on the end? How would you say in Spanish? What do you want? Ticketea. Kicky Eddie. And that's just a question would and an infinitive carrier. So kick yeti. What do you want now? I said that an infinitive is a verb, but let's have a look at it in a bit more detail. The word infinitive just doesn't mean very. However, it's specifically the whole verb, which in English usually has the word to in front of it. But not always. As we've seen in Spanish. Infinitives will always end in either the letters e r I o or A are so basically they will always end in the letter R, saying farm in Spanish we've had come here, which is to eat baby here, meaning to drink, paid a year to order for about to try by God, to pain, a sale to do or to make al killer to hire no matter with me to take. Then there to have and Camby are to change So they all end in the letter R andi, specifically the end in three variations a r e r or I R. So that's infinitives. What actually is an infinitive carrier, So an infinitive carrier is basically a word or an expression that can be followed by an infinitive. And so far we've had three Puerto means Can I that, uh, means are you going on key? Every means Do you want 6. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 4b: you can put any infinitive on the end of the infinitive carriers to make your question for structure one. For example. Are you going to eat? Are you going to drink? Are you going to pay? Are you going to go? Are you going to try? There are a few more infinitive carriers that your meat later on, and they make life much easier. So that's an infinitive, which is the whole verb, which in English has to at the start. Andi in Spanish will either end in a are e r I. R. An infinitive carrier is any word or expression that can be used in front of the infinitive . But what actually is a question would what a question. Word doesn't really need much explanation. It's easier just to see what they are. So far, we've looked at five question words. There's only a small number of question was altogether. So what we'll do is let them all now. So we've had Dundee Meaning where? Okay. Meaning what? Que order? Which means at what time, Quentin? Meaning when? And Cuomo meaning how Quentin Quelle in Spanish means which or which one quell por que Por que means? Why por que quintal cuenta means how much? Cuenta It's sort of like the word quantity. And the quantity is how much something is a quantum Cuentos. People in s on the end of quantum, you get Cuentos and that means how many Cuentos Cuenta Tim Quanta Temple means How long? Literally. How much time? Quanta Temple. So how long or how much time? Kian Kian means who or whom? Kian. So how would you say in Spanish what you want to do? Kick yet? I said curious. There. How did you want to pay the bill? Komaki Repack Harlequin Cuomo Harlequin Which one do you want? Quite a key, Eddie. Quiet key. Eddie. Why do you want to hire a car? Poor cake. Er er kill unquote poor cake. Er er kill Adam Court. How much do you want to eat? Quandt Ochiai! Eri, come here! Quanta Kerry, come here. Where can I hire a car? Don't the point of our killer in court. Non day Puerto Alcala in court when you want to eat Cuando Chiari Comeere Quintal Chiari Comeere What time can I go? A que What up with a year, Que Without Puerto Year 7. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5a: quiet. The question would quietly can change in Spanish, depending on what is referring to quietly means which or which one when it's talking about a singular object, but it becomes Quarless when you're talking about a plural object. Soak Wallace means which or which ones, so you can use quietly when there's only one of something on. Do you use Quarless when there's more than one or something? Quintal. The word Quantum has four versions in Spanish. A masculine, singular, a masculine plural, a feminine, singular onda feminine, plural in the singular. It can be used to mean how much and in the pool it could be used to mean. How many Quintal quite does. Cuenta and Qantas, for example. Quandt Ochiai Eri means Hamels do you want? But Cuantos Chiari means how many do you want? Quanta Vignocchi Eri means how much wind you want. Wine is masculine, so you can use Quintal ending in a quintal vino. But the word for food Camila is feminine, so quanta comida Chiari means how much food do you want, So quanta ends in a because comida ends in a and it's permanent. Qantas Platinum Chiari means how many bananas do you want? Because Latinos is masculine and it's in the plural. Qantas Platinum Scary When the sun Aurea sciri How many carats do you want? San Aureus is feminine on its in the plural. So you use Qantas ending in an a s Quint bus Santolaria SCIRI Seeing as you've had all the question words now let's practice them a little. How do you say in Spanish? What do you want to eat? KQED comeere. Carrie, come here. What you want to drink, Chiari? Baby Kerry. Very what you want to order? Kicky every penny Kerry paid here. What do you want to try? KQED provide KQED. Provide what you want to do. Cakey area said Gary Affair. 8. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5b: what you want to make que curious there again? Because as their means make or do cake areas There. What? You want to take Kierra tomorrow? Cakey Eric. Tomorrow. What you want tohave? Get it in there. Kick your it in there. What you want to change? Kiki? Eric Cumbia, kqed, Cumbia. Where do you want to eat? I don't think he ever come here, don't they? Kerry, come here. Where do you want to drink? Don't make you any better. Don't that Kerry baby when you want to eat Cuando Chiari Comeere Quintal Chiari, come Come here when you want to drink Cuando chiari barrier Wendell Chiari baby when you want to order Cuando chiari paid a year Cuando Kerry Padilla How do you want to pay Komaki Air Coma Katie Packer. Why do you want to eat here? Poor cakey Eric America Poor Kay Kirkham Iraqi. Why did you want to take the call? Pork a Chiari tomorrow Court particulate America 40. What time you want to eat a k or a Kerry. Come here a k or a Chiari, Come here. Which one you want to try? Quiet. Chiari, provide quiet Chiari program. Which one you want tohave quality. Care it in there? Quite a chiari 10 air. Which ones do you want to try? Quality. Scary probe Are Quarless Kerry provide? 9. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5c: Which ones do you want to have? Quality. Care it in there. Quality. Care it in there. How much do you want to eat? Quantock. Eerie. Calm here, Quinto Kerry, come here. How much do you want to drink? Quinto Chiari Kwan Tokyo How many do you want to eat? Qantas. Kerry, come here! Cuantos Kerry, come here. How much pie ality want to eat? Cuenta by Akira Come here. Quanta by key Eric Amir How much wind you want to drink? Quanta Vino. Here, there. Cuenta Vignocchi everywhere. What are you going to eat? Give a commander gave back. Amir What you going to drink? Keep our baby. Give us a minute. What you going to order? Give up in here. Give up in here. What you going to try? Give up a robot. Kate! Map! Robot! What you going to do? Give us there Gate Vice There. What you going to make? Give us there. Get biceps! What you going to take? Give out tomorrow. Give up tomorrow. What? You're going tohave give out in there Que vata near. What are you going to change? Give a cumbia Get back on Br Where you going to eat? Don't ever come here Dunned a vacuum here 10. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5d: Where you going to drink? Don't they have every year? Don't leave a baby. What are you going to eat? Cuando back Amir Wendell, vacuum it. When you going to drink? Quinto Fabio Quintal Barbary. When you're going to order Cuando vapid, Cuando vapid Here how are you going to pay? Go! Move! Ap had Cuomo Vap a guard Why are you going to eat here? Poor came back America Poor Kate Back America What time you going to eat? Okay, order about. Come here. Okay. What a vacuum Here. Which one are you going to try? Quite by? Provide quiet vapid. About which we're going to have Quiet bat in there quite about 10 years. Which one's the against? Try Quarless Barbara Bar Quarless BAbreu Bar Which one is he going to have? Quarless Barton Air quality batter Near How much? You're going to eat cuenta back? Amir Quinto back. Amir How much you're going to drink? Quantum Abby There Quinto Fabio There. How many are you going to eat? Qantas back. Amir Cuentos Back. Amir, How much pain are you going to eat? Quantum via backroom here. Cuenta by a back. A mere How much wine? Egan's drink. Quanta vino vibe. Here. Quanta Vino. Bobby There. What can I eat? Get medical man, get with a woman 11. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 5e: What can I drink? Keep win over there. Keep it over there. What can I try? Keep with a crowbar. Keep with a provider. What can I order? Keep with over the years. Keep well Okay. The year. What can I do? Keep with us here. Keep with Roxanne. What can I make? Keep whether I said again Because I said it means do or make Keep whether I said What can I take? Get with the former cape weather tomorrow. What can I have keep with it in there? Kept without in there. What can I change? Que puedo cumbia? Cape weather com can be Are where can I eat? No, only Puerto come here. Don't they pray to come here? What can I drink, Don't they? Puerto barrier I don't know whether within when can I eat Cuando Puerto comeere Cuando Puerto comeere? When can I order Cuando quiero period Cuando Puerto paid a year? What time can I eat? Okay. What up with a community A k or a Puerto? Come here. Which one can I try? Quite Puerto provide quite a Plato provides Which one can I have? Quelle littleton air Quite puedo thin air. How much kite Quantum with comeere Quinto Prayer. Come here! How much can I drink? Quantum with over here Quantum Whether we're how many can I eat? Cuentos Puerto Comeere Cuentos Puerto! Come Come here. How much paler can I eat? Quanta. Welcome here I want to buy up whether Comeere How much wine can I drink? Cuenta vino Puerto barrier cuenta vino whether we're there. 12. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 6: seeing as we've now learned all the question words, we may as well learn a few more infinitive carriers and infinitives, and then we can start making out questions for structure one to our heart's content. So all the question words we had were Dundee Meaning where? Okay. Meaning what? Act aorta meaning at what time? Cuando meaning when coma. Which means how quelle meaning, which or which one por que. Which means why Quintal. Meaning how much Cuentos meaning how many cuenta tiempo? Which means how long or literally, how much time and kin meaning who or whom. And we've already had puedo, which means Can I? Well, you can change it a little bit on get where they which means can you 20 key Eddie means do you want? And Vata is Are you going? We already have theirs, too, DeBell means do I have to Almost I damn bull, and you can change it slightly to become Debbie, which means do you have to almost you there may. It's their six infinitive carriers. Now we've already had quite a few infinitives, but would add a few more. We've had come here, meaning to eat baby there, meaning to drink paid a year, which means to order so bad, meaning to try My God, which means to pay a sale, meaning to do, or to make al Kilar, which means to hire year meaning to go. No matter means to take 10 Air was tohave and come yaar means to change well. Also got compra, which means to buy comprise Come inside means to start it looks a little bit like commence comments are se and a star both mean to be ser and estar. The difference between these two words is a little bit complicated, but generally sale means to be. If you're talking about something permanent, for example, to be English or to be a man or a woman, where is a star means to be? If you're talking about something temporary, for example, to be busy or to be tired, and it can also mean to be when you're talking about where something is so to be in Spain, or to be here, cellular means to leave or to go out cellular Dry air means to bring traer guest star means to spend money guest star and pass our means to spend time bazaar like the past time bazaar Their means to see there Ja'Mar means to call many habitable alien Spanish. You pronounce it like a why Ja'Mar Get out means to stay Give out Incontrera means to find literally. It's like to encounter in Contra, to find or to encounter. And this year means to tell or to say this year. So how do you say in Spanish when you want to leave Cuando Chiari Cellular Cuando chiari Cellular Who me going to see Kian Vavi? Kian Varvara What can I bring? Keep? We'll try it cape whether Trier, Where you going to stay tonight? Don't They've acted out its Donati. Don't they vac interest or not? Whom can I call key in Pueblo Yama Key in Puerto Yama. 13. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7a: as a non question. So far, we've only looked at Structure one in a question. Form it. However, you can also use it in a non question. Let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the structure in a question. Form it. So structure one in the question format consists of just three parts. Okay. Chiari Goemaere. What do you want to eat? A question word. An infinitive carrier. Andi an infinitive. And remember that We also said you can add the optional fourth part, the extra information and get something like K G. Eric Goemaere s Donati. What do you want to eat tonight? Well, to use this structure when you're not asking a question is quite simple. You just take the question marks away and get rid of the question. Would the infinitive carriers change in English? But they stay the same in Spanish. Let me show you what I mean. Let's compare a question, Onda. A non question in the structure. One for Mitt que Puerto comeere. Okay, Puerto Comeere means what can I eat? Okay, Puerto, Come here! Puerto Comeere! Master puedo comeere Master means I can eat later. So in a question, Pueblo means can I? But then in a non question pueblo means I can. It doesn't change And you can put any infinitive on the end of whale Puerto, come here. I can eat Pueblo Very a Pedro. I can see Pedra Puerto Year manana. I could go tomorrow. Some of the question Puerto means can I in a non question Puerto means I can. And in English you have to switch the words round. So can I. The eye goes in front when it's a non question, I can but because in Spanish it's only one word anyway usually bassinets. So here are two lists Firstly are the infinitive carriers as you've already learned them and then I've put them with their meanings as a non question in Spanish. They don't change it all in English. They change. So we've had in question format Pueblo, Can I Where the can you key? Eddie, Do you want that? Uh are you going? Damn you do. I have to Almost I and there may do you have to almost you as non questions. These become pueblo. I can 20. You can key. Eddie, You want that? Uh, you are going DeBell I have to or I most and there be You have to or you most 14. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7b: so it's harder in Spanish to tell the difference between a question on D A non question. So, for example, Puerto Comeere can mean I can eat or can I eat? And that's why in Spanish you have to use your voice a lot more to denote what a question is. So Puerto Comeere means I can eat. But whether come here means can I eat? So if you raise your voice at the end, you can tell that it's a question a lot more easily where the committee. Similarly, you put a question mark at the start of a question in Spanish and that the end. That's one of the reasons why is that? You can tell that it's a question from the very beginning. Now I'm going to give you a couple of extra words that you can use in non questions. Key Adul Key Edl means I want Kierra and voya. Voya means I'm going voya. So those are two more infinitive carriers that you can use as non questions. So how would you say in Spanish you can buy something here for Pedro puede comprar algo hockey parapet puede comprar algo aqui para bedroom. You can buy it later. Where the Comparative Loma started. A where? The comparative study. I can see it. Puerto Vero Puerto veteran, I can buy something here. Weather compared Al Wacky Puerto comprado wacky. You can buy something at the supermarket. 20 complained algo al supermercados where they complied. Advice to America I can buy some cheese Puerto comprar case Puerto compact guests I can buy something for my mom here Puerto comprar algo Jemima teriyaki Puerto comprar algo Parramatta Rocky, You're going to be tired tomorrow. Vice Stark and Salomon, you know Vice start, Consider manana. So you use a star rather than sir Because tired is just a temporary feeling, not a permanent one. 15. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7c: I have to be there soon. There was started. He pronto They will start a e pronto. You can bring it for Pedro Where it rare Lo para bedroom Where they try Aero Para Pedro You can buy it later. Where the calm problem? A study where The comprado master today I must say something They move the Sirajul they But they see the arable I can bring it for one puedo trying lo para one puedo try Europa one I have to start soon Daybook Comments are pronto There will commence our pronto. You can eat something at the restaurant where? The Camaro restaurant Where the Camaro and Restaurant. I have to leave tomorrow Debut Salyer Mannion Devil Cellular Manana You can buy something in Madrid where the complaint are going Moderate where they complain I'll go and Madrid. You're going to be there soon. Vice Tara, You pronto advice that I e pronto. You must go now, David. Year order. They have a year or you have to leave tomorrow. And Amy Salyer manana. They sell your manana. You can buy it tomorrow. 20 compared LaMagna where the camp Ravalomanana. You must say something, David. That's irritable. They They said arable 16. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7d: you can bring it with you Point it Rare locum stiff We're trying I want to eat something Kierra Comedy album Kiyoko Murata You're going to spend too much money Viagra starting them a salary NATO have I got star the Mastella? I must find the hotel debut. Incontrera Hotel DeBow Incontrera Hotel. I'm going to change it now. Welcome, Bloor. Voya cambiado our You're going to buy too much Without a competitive they must have back on the I want to buy something here. Kierra compatible. Walkie Chiaro. Comparative wacky. You can buy it in Barcelona where they going out alone in Barcelona where the comparable In Barcelona You must drink something. They'd be better audible. David Berry Argo I can bring it tomorrow. Puerto trailer Manana Puedo Trey Roman una You can buy something for Maria Puede Comprar algo panna Maria Where the comparative Coppola Maria I could buy it today. Puerto combat away Puerto combat away I can buy it later. Where the calm problem a star today. Welcome back, Master! Today I can buy it tomorrow Weather Com Ravalomanana Puerto Comprado manana I want to see Valencia Tomorrow Kiev Roberto Valencia Magnon Keilar over Valencia Manana 17. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 7e: You have to call Miguel. David Yamada Miguel! David Ja'Mar begin! I'm going to call Miguel tomorrow. Boy am Adam again. Manana. Voy Amar. Megan Manana. I won't spend three weeks there. Kierra Pass character semanas Kierra bazaar. I'm going to order the chicken for paddling. Voy appear el poco para Pablo Voya Padilla el poco para Pampa. I must change the reservation. They can be at a lot of server daybook can be a lot of server. I must go now. Demo here our they will hear our You must eat something. They become irritable, David Formidable. You can buy something here. Where? The component of lucky Where the complaint. Arlacchi. I'm going to do it later. Boy, I started on my status. Voya said Oh, my started a You have to be in Madrid tomorrow. There be a star in Madrid. Manana, maybe a star in Madrid. Manana. You have to stop. Soon they become in Satya pronto. David, Communist pronto. You can buy something at the hotel where the competent are going. Hotel where? The compare algo hotel. You can bring it for Diego where they try low part of the where they try a little part of the You must change it. Now they become Biaro. Our David can be a loner. Have to call Petrie de Boer. Yamada. They both Yamada Pedro have to be in Segovia tomorrow. They've always started in Segovia. Manana. They will start in Segovia. Manana. You have to be that student. They may estara pronto. They re a star a e pronto. I'm going to buy it today. Welcome, Prada, Louis. Viacom Problem. We 18. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8a: So we've just been through structure one as a non question. For example, where the premier hockey you can eat here so poorly is an infinitive carrier. Come here is an infinitive and then AKI is just some extra information on the end. Let's have a quick recap of all the question words All the infinitive carriers question unknown questions on all the infinitives that we've learned so far. How do you say in Spanish? Where Donley? What? Okay. At what time? Act a water when Cuando how Goma Which or which one? Quiet Why? Por que? How much cuenta? How many, Cuentos? How long or how much time? Quanta Temple. Who or whom? Kian can I? Where the can you Brady, Do you want key? Eddie, are you going? Vata? Do I have to almost die? And Abel, do you have to? Almost you, Debbie. I can Tweddle. You can 20. You want key? Eddie, you're going That, uh I have to buy most. And Abel, you have to. Are you most? Debbie? I want Kierra. I'm going voice to eat. Come here To drink, baby toe order Paid year to try for about to pay back Adam to do or to make us there to hire our killer to go here to take no matter 19. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8b: tohave then here to change cumbia to buy compact to start Come inside To be sehr or estar To leave or to go out Celje to bringing dry air to spend money Guest star to spend time pasa to see Vale To call Ja'Mar to stay Get out to find in contrast To say or to tell this year tomorrow Manana today Oh yeah Tonight it's the naughty Now I would have later masterly to Madrid a Madrid in Madrid, in Madrid, at the restaurant or to the restaurant I'll restaurant the chicken. Help for you. The red coat. Elaborately Rojo! A ticket would be yet for Pedro Para Pedro. Here. AKI, Let's do some recap. Translations? How do you say in Spanish? What are you going to bring? Came back right here. Okay, Right right here. What can you eat? Keep with the commander Kept with the commander. You're going to spend too much money. Vega started them a salary. NATO Vega, start the master. What can you see? Keep whether there keep with their When can I go out? Cuando pueblos are here? Cuando Puerto Celje 20. Spanish Structure 1 Lesson 8c: I can bring some wine for Pedra tomorrow. Well, try Aravena para Pedro Manana Puerto. Try Aveeno para Pedro Magnon. Can I eat at the hotel tonight? Whether Comeere come here. Can you call Maria at quarter past four with the Yamato Maria? Alas, Quattro e quarto. Where the Yamada Maria last quarter required. Can I pay the bill? Whether Pagar La Quinta whether by God like winter. Where can I find it? I don't know whether. Incontrera, don't they Puerto encontrado? What time do won't start a K or a Chiari Common Start a K or a Chiari, Come inside. Which ones do you want to try? Kuala Scary Provide quality. Scary robot. What are you going to do tomorrow? Give us their money on gave a ceremony. You can buy it later. Very calm. Problem. A study where the comparative study kind of go out later. Puerto Cellular Mustardy Puerto Salieri McStarley I want to go out later. Chiaro Salary Master Kierra Salyer Master today Do you want to see it? Chiari Very low, very, very low. You want to try it? Chiari Pro Battle Chiari Probably. Which one do you want to hire? Quality. Eric calcula quality Curiel killer. Who would you want to see in Madrid? Key and key everywhere in Madrid, Key and Chiari. Very moderate. Who do you have to see in Madrid? Key and Debbie? Very key in the Big Bear in Madrid. Who are you going to see in Madrid? Key environment. Kian via their in Madrid. So if you look on the screen now, your CIA structure one outline with all the question wears down the left hand side. Some of the inventive carriers a few of the infinitives on some extra information words. What you can do is use this outline to become more fluent in using this structure. What I like to do is to make up a sentence. For example, don, they Puerto Camaro manana. Where can I eat tomorrow? So just the first line and then say it over and over and over to myself and try and change one thing at a time. This house your tongue to get round the structure and makes fluency easier to achieve. So, for example, I don't think we're the Camaro manana. Don't they play the Camaro? Mannion? I don't know where the Camaro manana keep with the Camaro. Manana keep whether Camaro manana get medical marijuana, keep with a commander Roy like they would a political met away. So by changing just one thing at a time, But by carrying on saying them again and again and again, it helps your talking to get around this structure. 21. Spanish Structure 1 Chapter 9: There's one more useful thing that you can do to this structure quite easily, and that's make it negative. You can change the infinitive carriers from positive to negative. For example, Why are you going to Madrid? Becomes Why aren't you going to Madrid or can I go with you? You can say, Why contact with you? Or when can you do it would become When can't you do it in English? It's simply a matter of putting a little n apostrophe t after the verb where it's just a simple in Spanish or you have to do to turn the infinitive carriers negative is put a no in front of it, for example, G etti means Do you want no Chiari means? Don't you want? You can do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the question form. So no puedo means Conte No 20 caught you gnocchi Eri, Don't you want Nova? Aren't you going? No, There don't. I have to No debe Don't you have to Let's have a quick practice with these Have you saying Spanish? Why can't I go with you? Por que No puedo year constant por que? No puedo ear. Can you step. What can you bring? Get? Nope. Well, it rare came up with it right here. Aren't you going to buy something for Maria Novak? Comprado para Maria Novak compatible Para Maria. Whom? Contact call G N no Puedo Yama Kian Know whether Yama What can you do it later? Poor came up with a thermostat today. Poor Kate. Nope. Where the Astaire Aloma started. Lee, you can also turn the non question infinitive carriers Negative in the exact same way as the question infinitives. You just put a no in front of them Said Pueblo means I can Nope. Wear them Means I can't You could do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the non question form. So we've already had no puedo which means I can't Nope. Whaley means you can't gnocchi Eri, you don't want Nevada? You're not going? No, there I must not No baby, you must not gnocchi Ero means I don't want And no Voya I'm not going so let's have a quick practice with these I had to say in Spanish I can't do it today. No Puedo said alloy not weather was set a long way. You can take the chocolate? No political, Married, chocolaty, not really compare. It took a lot. I must not spend too much money. No, they were got started in bestiality. NATO? No, there were gassed. Are they must have been there. You must not call Pedra No baby. Yamada Pedro! No, they're Yamada Pedro. I don't want to eat here. Nokia comb Iraqi Nokia comb Iraqi I'm not going to hire it. I'm going to buy it. No! Voy a collateral! Welcome, Prada! No Voy I'll kill our voy a comparative. 22. The Happy Linguist: If you would like some hints and tips on how to make the most out of these courses on how to accelerate your language learning, you can read through my articles on my blawg called The Happy Linguist. I have written almost 400 articles on their full of ideas to keep learning a language fresh and exciting, and I'm constantly updating it with new articles. For example, you can listen to some foreign language songs that I have translated into English. For you, this is always a great way of learning new vocabulary. 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