Building Structures in Italian - Structure 1 | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

Building Structures in Italian - Structure 1

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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24 Lessons (1h 28m)
    • 1. Italian Structure 1 Introduction

      4:20
    • 2. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 1

      3:26
    • 3. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 2

      5:53
    • 4. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 3

      5:03
    • 5. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 4

      4:16
    • 6. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 5a

      3:47
    • 7. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 5b

      4:22
    • 8. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6a

      3:04
    • 9. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6b

      3:17
    • 10. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6c

      3:07
    • 11. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6d

      5:09
    • 12. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 7a

      2:05
    • 13. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 7b

      4:08
    • 14. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8a

      3:29
    • 15. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8b

      3:15
    • 16. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8c

      3:12
    • 17. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8d

      3:10
    • 18. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8e

      3:13
    • 19. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8f

      3:12
    • 20. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 9

      5:05
    • 21. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10a

      3:06
    • 22. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10b

      3:19
    • 23. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10c

      3:58
    • 24. The Happy Linguist

      1:30
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About This Class

The whole of the Italian language can be broken down into several different structures. If you take any sentence from any Italian book or any utterance, you will see that it fits into one of these structures.

I remember one weekend, I was writing some lessons for the week ahead, when I suddenly realised this. I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in Italian, and that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out all the structures, and I wrote them all down.

Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, but all the structures together make up the whole Italian language. Once you’ve learnt how a structure works, all you have to do is insert different words into the slots and you have a sentence.

This course introduces you to structure 1. I’ve limited each course to one structure so as not to overburden you. By looking at just one structure at a time, you can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. It will help to clarify the Italian language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think about as is it were a maths equation.

Each structure can also help to propel you to fluency; if you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to thing about how to say it.

This course contains plenty of practice opportunities for you to revise what you’ve learnt and it also contains some hints and tips on how best to learn and memorise the structures and the vocabulary that goes with them. You’ll learn how to make questions out of structure 1, how to make statements and how to turn positive statements negative.

The Building Structures in Italian series is set out using the same learning techniques as the 3 Minute Italian courses. You can work through the course in three minute chunks, enabling anybody to learn Italian, no matter how little time you have.

If you would like to move on to Building Structures in Italian: Structure 2, then click here:https://skl.sh/2hm9IQa

Transcripts

1. Italian Structure 1 Introduction: Towey Benvenuto. Hello and welcome to building structures in Italian structure one. I'm caring, Andi. I'm a language tutor based in the UK And I wrote this course to help you, to learn to speak Italian. The whole of the Italian language is made up of a number of structures. I remember one weekend I was writing some lessons with a week ahead. When I suddenly realized this, I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in Italian on that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out that there are 15 structures or together and I wrote them all down. Once you know what all the structures are, you can begin to learn them every structure you learn and gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, and all the structures together make up the whole of the Italian language. Once you've learned all the structures, all we have to do is insert different words into this lots and you have a sentence. These structures also have to tell you to fluency if you can manipulate the structures at high speed you can start to say anything you want without having to think about how to say it. This course can be used as both a reference course and as a workhorse. As I said, each structure enables you to say a huge amount. So I have limited each course to one structure so as not to overburden you by looking at just one structure at a time. You can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. It will help to clarify the Italian language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think everything through like it's a mass equation. Before you start this course, let me share with you an extremely handy learning tip that helped me to progress quickly and effectively in language learning. When most people start studying for anything, they tend to spend the first day or two studying for hours and hours and get through loads of work. However, very quickly this begins to dwindle. You might feel like spending hours studying Italian, which is great, but you want the feeling of motivation to continue and it won't continue. If you actually spend our studio limit your study time to chunks of just three minutes. No more. If you limit your studying to just three minute chunks, there are three things that will happen. First, of your maintain enthusiasm. If you want to learn anything, you have to maintain enthusiasm or else you won't want to continue. If you limit your story, time to just three minutes. Your keep Italian fresh and exciting and you'll be eager to learn. If you spend hours studying very quickly, you'll get bored and Italian will turn into a chore. Secondly, you're achieved more consistent studying. It's much better to study for three minutes once a day, then study for three hours once a week. A spare three minutes is relatively easy to find, even in the most hectic of schedules. If you make sure you complete at least 13 minutes to be session every day, it will quickly become a habit that you'll do without thinking. It's much easier to fit in a daily three minute have it than a weekly one hour. Have it. By doing this, you'll become a much more consistent learner, and consistency is the key to success. Thirdly, you'll achieve more effective memorization this is my favorite reason as to why you should limit your studies just three minute chunks. If you study something for just three minutes every day, you'll trick your brain into memorizing the information more quickly than if it were to see the information for hours each day. It will think I see this information every day, so it must be important, but I don't see it very long, so I better hold on to it and make it into a memory fast. You'll be amazed at how much more easily things tend to stay in your brain if you limit yourself to just three minutes a day, so three minutes is the key. Set a timer on. Once you reach three minutes, stop then give yourself at least half an hour before you do another three minutes. You should aim to do at least 13 minute chunk every day, any more than that is a bonus. But one is fine. Just work through the course and completely exercise, that's all. And you'll be amazed at how much you can run 2. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 1: structure. One, the whole of the Italian language is made up of different structures of words. If you know the words and you know which order to put them in, you can speak the language. In the whole of the Italian language, there are only a certain number of different structures, so let's get home alone in the 1st 1 structure. One consists of just three parts, and here is an example of it in use. Causa Worley Manjarrez Cause of worry man Jari means What do you want to eat? Cause of oily Manjarrez. Let's break structure down into its three components on. Give each component a name. Khoza Gonza means what? Andi? It's a question. Would voil e of worldly means Do you want Andi? It's something that we call an infinitive carrier and explain this more in a moment. Monge Ari Man Dottie means to eat and this is an infinitive. So we have a question. Would causa an infinitive carrier of oily andan infinitive Man Jari, that's the first structure in Italian. Now you may be wondering what on earth an infinitive Andi, an infinitive carrier, are well, an infinitive is just a vibe. And of ab is a word you comport to in front off, for example to eat, to drink, to speak, to smoke, to go, to be, to hear, to arrive, To leave an infinitive carrier is anywhere. Do you comport an infinitive on the end off in English? We have things like I would like on do you want and I'm going because you comport infinitives on the end of these, for example, I would like to eat. I would like to drink. I would like to go. Do you want to leave? Do you want to call? Do you want to eat? I'm going to arrive. I'm going to go. I'm going to dance. We can change any off the three parts in this structure. For example, instead of saying causer at the start, which means what we could change it to Davi. Meaning where so Cause of worry, man Jari means what do you want to eat? And if we change the cause up to doggie, we get Door V Worley Man Jari Meaning where do you want to eat? Or we could change it to Quentin, which means when Cuando Worley Mandiri, when do you want to eat? Did you notice how the rest of the structures stay The same. The voice. The man, Jari part doesn't older. It'll just because you've changed the question with at the start. So that's three question words that we could use at the start off structure one doorway meaning where closer Meaning what and qandeel meaning when what we'll do next is at a few more infinitives, Andi infinitive carriers. So we can really start to manipulate this structure. 3. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 2: using structure one. Here's a list off a few question words. A few infinitive carriers on quite a few infinitives. What we're going to do is use this list of words to get used to structure one by making up some questions. So the question was, we have our door V Meaning where? Causa Meaning what? Que order, Kate order. Which means at what time? A k order? Literally. It means at what? Our k order Cuando we've already had meaning when? And call me Call me, which means how. Call me some infinitive carriers are boss So boss so meaning Can I Posso Worley Worley. Meaning do you want and stop there. Stop bear means. Are you about to stop bear? Then we have some infinitives. We have a man, Jari, meaning eat or to eat baddie, meaning drink or to drink or denarii meaning order or to order. Now the reason why I put the two in brackets on these words in the infinitive list is because sometimes in English we say that too. But other times we miss it off. For example, what do you want to do? But then what can I do in the first sentence we say the word to, but not in the second sentence. So we've had Monge, Ari Man Jari meaning to eat or eat baddie baddie, meaning drink or to drink and Ordina Ari or D 90 which means to order, order, provide e provide means try or to try nobody. If you've listened to three minutes Italian course to then you'll know this word already provided. Also, you'll know this next word. Paige Ari My God, which means pay or to pay fighting Fathi means either to do or to make. So far, he has two meanings. Do or make know ledge ari knowledge Ari means to hire or higher and Dari unde r e means to go order to go on Dari preliminary friend Larry. This means to take or just take Brendan. I very are very means Have or to have a very and Camby Ari Camby, Adi, which means to change or change Camby. Ari. Now there's not a words here, but what we can do is used them to start to build up questions using the three parts, so we'll pick it up. Pick a question. Would an infinitive carrier Andi in infinitive if you like what you can do is get a piece of paper and twist into three columns like we have here on port titles. Question, word, infinitive, carrier and infinitive on. Write them down on a piece of paper to have you to use them in these next translation exercises. So how would you say in Italian? Where can I pay? Does the postal bag, Ari nor the postal bag? Ari, how would you say What can I eat? Cause up Postal man Djuhari cause a postal man. Jari, where do you want to eat? Don't leave one man Jihadi Dove it volley, man. Jari, what do you want to drink? Because I've wanted Maddie Causa Worley Berry. What you about to order Gaza stop or the 90 cause? A stop everywhere. Denarii By building questions using structure one, you'll not only get yourself more familiarized with the vocabulary and the structure, but you also without even trying, reduced the time it takes for you to string a sentence together in Italian. Let's do a few more. What you about to do, Kloza? Stop! Very fiery, cause I stopped firing. How do you want to pay? Call me voy a pagar. Call me voy a pagar. What can I try? Close up Also pro body cause that postal provide 4. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 3: now. So far, I've said that the first structure is made up of three parts. However, there is 1/4 part extra information. So the fourth part off structure one is simply extra information such as noun, adjective, time words, etcetera and we can add the extra information onto the end of the question toe ad. Well, extra information, for example, cause of worry. Man Jari means what you want to eat. But you could say causa worley manjarrez Sauceda, which means what you want to eat tonight. So stashed era means tonight or delivery man Daddy means where do you want to eat? But you could say dove in William and I domani, which means, Where do you want to eat tomorrow? Cause of worry, Fathi. Cause of one of fatty means what you want to do, but you could put order on the end, which means now, and you'll get cause up of oily, fiery order, which means what you want to do now goes out 45. The order. So we've had a few question words. A few infinitive carriers on quite a few infinitives. So here are some extra information words that you can use on the end of your questions. Domani Domani means tomorrow Domani org Orgy means today Orgy staffs data Stass Tierra means Tonight Stasi era order Order means now in Italian order. Pew Tire Lee Pure tired me means later, literally pure means more entirely means late. So what you're what you're saying is more late or later. Brutality aroma. A aroma means to Rome or in room at Roma in Italia in Italia means to Italy or in Italy. The reason why we have a Roma. But then in Italia, it's because when you are talking about a town or a city in Italian, you use the word for two or in their aroma to Rome or in Rome or Milan would be to Milan or in Milan. However, if you're talking about a country in Italian, you use the word in for two or in. That's what we have in Italia, which means to Italy or in Italy, where you could have in India terror, which means to England or in England I'll restaurant. They I'll restore, and they means at the restaurant or to the restaurant. Either upon, you know, is polo means the chicken. It'll partner. It happened Toros. So you capito Roso. This means the red coat. Literally The coat. That's Red Capito. Rasta Coun bill. Yet one bill yet means a ticket. One billion Bad in my article Pitt and medical means for Marca Pair Marco Queen Queen means here Queen. So now you're armed with some extra information words You commit your questions a little more adventurous. How would you say in Italian? What you about to do now? Of course. I stopped at a fatty order cause that stop it Finally order! What you about to do from Marco? Cause I stopped for repair America Kloza, Stop! Afari! Paramedical! What time do you want to eat? Later? AC aorta Volley man Jari Pewter Me, Okay. Would have wanted man Daddy put out of me. 5. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 4: manipulating structure One you can manipulate structure one in many different ways. For example, you can take certain bits out to make different types of questions. You don't always have to stick all three parts together. Let's see what happens when you don't put the question word at the start. How would you say in Italian? Do you want to eat Worley man? Jari Worley Mandiri. So there's no question. Word of start, you know thing what you want to eat or where you want to eat your simply saying Do you want to eat? Warning Mondavi. How would you say, Do you want to eat here? Volume Angelique, We Worley Mandaric we Or how would you ask? Are you about to pay stop at a Bugatti? Stop pair Bugatti? Or how would you ask? Do you want to pay the bill now? Volley piggery. Alcantara. Water volley. Pagar, you can't order now. Let's see what happens if you don't port in infinitive on the end. How would you say this in Italian? What do you want? Cause I've only course I've Worley. So we're simply saying a question word. Andi, An infinitive carrier cause of Worley. But what actually is an infinitive. I said that Iran, that an infinitive is just a verb. However, it's specifically the whole verb, which in English usually has the word to in front of it. But not always in Italian. Infinitives will always end in either letters e r E I R e or a R e. So that always end in the sound. A eating ari. So far in Italian, we've had man Jari, which means to eat baddie, meaning to drink or denarii mean to order nobody, which means to try. I got it meaning to pay fiery, which can either mean to make or to do no only Jari meaning to hire Trenary, which means to take are very meaning tohave or Camby I meaning to change. So they're all infinitives. But what actually is an inventive carrier? Well, an infinitive carrier is basically a word or an expression that can be followed by an infinitive. I've only given you a few infinitive carriers So far, we've had Bosso parcel, which means can I stop bear stop bear Meaning are you about to and Worley warmly, which means do you want you can put any infinitive on the end of these infinitive carriers to make your question for structure one. Do you want to eat? Do you want to drink? Do you want to pay? Do you want to go? Do you want to try? In Italian? You'd have volley man Jari Volley Berry Valley pagar Volume Daddy volley Put a body. There are a few more infinitive carriers that you'll meet in later lessons, and they'll make life much easier. 6. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 5a: what actually is a question word, a question where it doesn't really need much explanation. It's easier just to see what they are. So far, we've looked at five question words, but there's only a small number of question where's altogether? So what we'll do is learn them all. Now in Italian. The question was. Are doggy Darby meaning where Norby cool Is that causa? Which means what? Causa que order Que order? Which means at what time? At k order Cuando wendell meaning when Quentin call me Call me means how in Italian calm may quietly quietly means which or which one quietly Perich a eric a means. Why, Eric. A quanta cuenta means how much cuenta 20 20 means how many quantity, the words quantum and quantity. We get the word quantity from in English, and the quantity is how much or how many of something. There is so quanta, How much and 20 How many Quanta Temple, Quanta Temple, where literally this means how much time Quanta Temple. But you can use it to mean how long it's a quantum tempo, how long and finally key key, which means both. Who onda, whom there's no difference in Italian. So key Who or whom key? The sea hate in town, you probably noticed, is pronounced like a K. That's why it's key and not G. It's a key. Who or whom. So how would you say Italian? What you want to do because of Willie? Finally cause of worry Fathi, how did you want to pay the bill? Call me Volley Pagar Comey Waly Bagayoko Which one do you want Quietly, Worley. Quietly. Worley, Why don't hire car Bear Cave wall in early January? Makina Perich A volley Knowledge. Ari, When a maquina How much do you want to eat? Quintal? William. Injury. Quintal. Volumen Jari. Where can I hire a car? Dobie personally? Giardina Mac. You know Dobie personally. Jari una maquina. 7. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 5b: when you want to eat. Cuenta wardiman Jari Wendell Wardiman Jari What time can I go? Okay. What apostle in Dari A k or a postal on Daddy. Now in the question words, we've got the word quietly, quietly, which means which one well in Italian quietly can change depending on what it's referring to quietly is actually the singular version off the word meaning which or which one. But you can change. It's likely to quietly. So if you change the E on the end to an eye, you get quietly. And that means which or which ones in the plural, so quietly is which one quality is which ones. So you use quietly when you were faring to single. Announce when there's only one of something you use quietly when you were faring. Deplore, announce when there's more than one of something closer causa means what. But there is more than one way to say what in Italian, in fact, there are three so causa means what? Okay, okay also means what you've seen care in AKI order at what time? So causa and K both mean what and what. You can also do it. Put those two words together and you get que causa. And that's the third way of saying what? So to say what In Italian, you can either say causa. Okay, Okay, Causa, you can use them all interchangeably. Just pick the one you prefer. So cause of Worley means what you want. Cave Worley means what do you want? And k? Cause of oily also means what you want cuenta quantum means how much the word Quantum has four versions in Italian masculine, singular mascot in plural family in singular unfeminine, plural In the singular, it could be used to mean how much and in the plural, it could be used to mean how many So we have. Quintal is the masculine singular. 20 is the mascot. Implore cuenta is the feminine singular and quantity is the feminine plural. So, for example, quanta Worley cuenta Worley means how much do you want? Quantity of Worley. AQuantive. Orly means how many do you want? Quanta Vin off. Worley, If you use a noun like vino, so any object after quantum, then you have to agree. That means make it masculine or feminine or singular. Corporal, depending on what denounce is so, vino is masculine. singular. Therefore, use quantum quantum vino Worley How much wind you want, whereas pizza is feminine. So you would say Quanta Pizza of Worley, Quanta Pizza Worley. How much pizza do you want? Quantity. People live. Worley. 20. Poli volley That's in the plural means. How many chickens do you want? 20 poli volley or in the feminine plural will have quantity. Pizza Worley Quanta Pizza Boldly. How many pizzas? 8. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6a: now, seeing as you've had all the question words, let's practice them a little. How do you say in Italian? What you want to eat? Cause of worry, man. John Kit, Volume and Jari. Oh, kick goes off. What? He man Johnny. So you can use any of the three versions off. What caused that? Okay. Or kick goes up. Wardiman Jari, what do you want to drink? Cause of worry, Betty. Well, cave worry, Barry. Or take Orza. Worley Berry. What you want to order? Course of worry or denarii? Kick volley or denarii? Kick Gaza War the ordinary What You want to try because of what he providing? Give one pro body que causa of what happen? Nobody What you want to do because of what he fighting? Kick, volley, fiery Que goes up volley fiery What you want to make course? I've only fighting cave Worley firing que goes up Worry Firing What? You want to take causa volley? Brenda Lee Que volley Prenda Que causa volley Prenda What? You want to have cause of one of our very give Willie a very que causa volume. Very what you want to change course of one income BRT Okay. Volley cambiado que causa volley. Camby! Ari, Where do you want to eat? Dove in William and John Dove E wardiman Johnny, where do you want to drink? Dr. William Manny Davi Volley Berry when you want to eat Cuando volume injury. Quintal Wardiman jihadi. 9. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6b: When do you want to drink? Quintal? Worley Berry Cuando fully berry when you want to order Cuando for the ordinary Cuando volley ordinary. How do you want to pay? Call me Woody. Paige. Adi, Call me Woody. Paige. Gary, why did you want to eat here? Barricade! Worry, Mandaric. We Peric Avery Mandiri Queen. Why do you want to take the car? Barricades were reprinted in a makina. Better cave were reprinted in a makina. More time to want to eat a que would have one demand. Dottie ac aorta Wardiman Jari. Which one you want to try? Quietly. Volley. Provide quietly, Worley Providing which one do you want to have Quietly. Worley are very quietly boiling. A very. Which ones do you want to try Quietly. Worley, provide quietly. Worley Providing which ones do you want to have? Quality volume. Very quietly. Volley are very How much you want to eat. Quintavalle. Eamonn. Jari Quintal. Volumen Jari. How much do you want to drink? Quandt of Woolly Berry. Quantum Volley Berry, How many do you want to eat? Quantity. Worley Man Jari 20 Worley. Man Jari. How much pizza do you want to eat? Quanta Pizza. Volley Mandiri Quanta Pizza. Wardiman Jari, How much wine do you want to drink? Quanta Vino worry Berry Quanta Vinovo. Really very. 10. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6c: what you're about to eat cause I stopped there Amanda hottie Because I stop in Amman Jockey , What you about to drink Goes a step Burberry cause I stopped at a baby What you're about to order cause a stop their ordinary cause I stop it or Gennadiy what you're about to try Cause I stopped their pro body cause I stopped providing what you about to do Because I stopped at a fatty course I stopped their fiery What you're about to make Of course I stopped better fighting because I stopped very fiery What you're about to take cause us the character rendering causa step AARP rendering what you're about to have cause I stopped at a very cause that stop it A very what you're about to change cause a stopper Kambia! Hari Kloza! Stop! Camby! Ari, Where you about to eat? Darby stopped a man. Jari does stop Ehrman! Jari, were you about to drink? Dobie, stop! Better Daddy does stop better body. Why are you about to take the car para que stop airplane? That remark, you know Barricade Stop! Airplane during a maquina Which one's a about to have quietly stop at a very quietly Stop innovating. How much are about to eat? Cuantos, stop a man Jari cuenta stopper man Jari 11. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 6d: How much are you back to drink? Cuantos, Stop! Atterbury cuenta stopper Berry! How much whining about to drink? Cuando vi No! Stop Atterbury Cuando vi no! Stop, everybody! What can I eat? Gore that both Mom and Dad. And don't forget that whenever you say what there are three options available. Cape Bossom on Johnny or kick goes up Postal man Jari, what can I drink? Course Apostle Betty get both. So Mary get goes up also Very What can I try? Cause up Also provide Keep also provide Que causa posa provide What can I order? Cause I post award Natty que Postwar denarii Keiko's apostle ordinary What can I do? Cause a postal fiery keep all so far e que causa postal fiery! What can I make? Because a postal fiery Keep off Safadi kick goes up also, Fatty, what can I take course A post op rendering Keep allsop rendering que causa Post op rendering. What can I have cause a postal are very cape Also a very oh goes up also a very What kind of change cause Apostle can Buhari que Paso! Kambia! Harry que causa postal! Kambia, where can I eat Dobie possum? and Johnny know of a postal man. Johnny, where can I drink? Dobie Post O'Berry Dougherty Postal Berry When can I eat Cuando postal man Jari Cuando possum injury? When can I order Cuando post ordinary Cuando possible ordinary. What time can I eat a k or a possum on Jari Que What a post Roman Jari Which one can I try quietly, Posa provide quietly postal provide Which one can I have quality possible? Very quietly posted a very How much can I eat? Quanta Pozo Manjarrez cuenta Possum injury How much can I drink? Quanta Posso Berry Quinto Also very. How many can I eat? 20 posts. Oh man, Johnnie 20 Postal man John, how much pizza can I eat? Quanta pizza Possum and Dari Quanta Pizza Possum Angelotti How much wine can drink? Cuando vi ne posso berry Quanta vino Post O'Berry 12. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 7a: seeing as we've now learned all the question words, we may as well learn a few more inventive carriers. Andi Infinitives. Then we can start making up questions for structure one to our heart's content. That's just have a quick recap of all the question words we had, Don't they? Meaning where Closer, Okay or kick Gaza. Which means what I k order. Meaning at what Time Wendell? Meaning when? Call me, which means how quietly meaning which or which one pair K. Which means why Quintal meaning Hamilton 20 which means how many Quinto tempo meaning how long and key, which means who or whom. So that's all the question words now in the infinitive. Carry a list we learned possible means can I post so we can change its light to pour before ? And that means can you poor means, Can you? We had Worley Worley means, Do you want Stop there. Stop bear means. Are you about to? That's hard to more inventive carriers. Devil Devil means do I have to or most I devil. And if you change its light to Davy David means, do you have to almost you 13. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 7b: now in the infinitive carriers. We've already had man Jari meaning to eat baddie, meaning to drink or denarii which means to order nobody meaning to try Bugatti which means to do or to make knowledge, Ari Meaning to hire and daddy Meaning to go trend every which means to take are very meaning tohave and can be odd which means to change Let's add some more inventive carriers Comprise come pretty means to buy Comprise coming, Charlie Coming Jari means to start it sorta looks like to commence common Jari A city s city means to be necessary Party ray part of Tedy This means to leave it sort of looks like to part or to depart party re well she day well, she they means to go out Oshiro Port Ari Port Ari means to bring poor retiree We get the word a porter from it A porter is someone who brings the backs two or even a hotel. Poor Tari is to bring spin Very spend a with means to spend as in to spend money Where is besotted? Vasari is to spend time or to pass time Very Daddy very very means to see very Dari camera Kim Adi, This means to call camera arrest. Ari Chris, Starry means to stay at rest are throw body through body. This means to find Tre vie. We actually get the phrase treasure trove from this treasure trove. The truth means found found treasure. So when you when the pirates found the treasure A treasure truth from RAV I which means to find and d day delay means to tell or to say dear a So how would you say in Italian when you want to leave Cuando volley part eerie Cuando very part eerie. Whom are you? About to see key stuff. Better by very key. Step out of it, Eddie. What can I bring? Cause a poor support. Ari causa pro support Ari. Where do you want to stay tonight? Dobie Volleyer Starriest Asiata. Does he have what is restarted? Sauceda, whom can I cool? Keep bozo Cam Ahadi. Keep postal camera 14. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8a: as a non question. So far, we've only looked at Structure one in a question format. However, you can also use this structure as a non question. Let's start this chapter with a quick recap off the structure in the question form. It consists of three parts Causa Volley Mandiri. What do you want to eat? Which are a question word, infinitive, carrier and an infinitive? And remember, we said you could add the optional fourth part, the extra information at the end and get something like Gaza Worley Man Jerry Stasi era. What do you want to eat tonight? To use this structure when you're not asking a question is quite simple. You just take the question mark away. Andi, get rid of the question. Would the infinitive carriers change in English? But they stay the same in Italian? Let me show you what I mean. Let's compare a question and a non question in the structure. One format cause a postal man, Jari, cause a postal Mandiri means what can I eat in English to turn this into a non question the Can I part has to switch round two. I can and you get rid the question Where's they'll have? I can eat in Italian possible means, can I? But it also means I can. And so you haven't got to change anything. So Boston man Jari in Italian means I can eat. You can add extra information the end and say Postal man Jerry Pew tardy. Which means I can eat later. Both So man Jerry Pew charity. So cause up with a man. Daddy means what can I eat and then postal majority Pure charity means I can eat later. So the word possible means can I When it's in a question and I can. When it's in a non question, you can put any infinitive on the end of pasta. Possum and Dari was I could eat Apostle Hayderi Marco. I can see Marco also and Dari Domani. I can go tomorrow. Here are two lists Firstly are the inventive carriers as you've already learned them. So postal meaning Can I Poor means Can you Worley means do you want Stop there? Are you about to devil? Do I have to? Almost I on dairy. Do you have to Almost you. Well, if you put all these words into a non question in Italian they stay exactly the same in English. Their meaning changes slightly. So in a non question postal means I can pull means you can. Worley means you want Stop Pair means you're about to devil means I have to or I most and Dave, it means you have to or you most. 15. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8b: And here are a couple of extra infinitive carriers that you can use in a non question format. Value voided. You means I want value and stop there. Stop! Bear means I'm about to stop pair. So how would you say in Italian you can buy something here for Marco. Poor comm Practical cause a qui para marco for comparative cual cause a quick paramedical So the basic structure is the same An inventive carrier Andan infinitive Poor the infinitive carrier and compare the infinitive you can buy and then to support extra information in the end. Poor comprise You can buy cual causa something qui here Pera Marco for Marco. So this one has three lots of extra information in the end. Poor comprise Qualcosa Quick, better Marco, you can buy something here for Marco. You can buy it later. Poor Comparator Hope you tardy poor comparable hope you tardy the low on the end of comprise means it. In fact, you can do this toe any infinitive in Italian. You taken infinitive, Remove the e from the end and put a law under the law And you get the word it So man Jari means to eat man jar low means to eat it Fiery means to do Farlow to do it. So you remove the e important law and you get it on the end of the infinitive. So how would you say I can see it? Apostle? Very low post over there alone. How would you say in Italian? I can buy something here. Also compare equal cause a qui post So comprise qualcosa qui You can buy something at the supermarket Pork? Um, practical cause or else America for comparative qualcosa calciomercato I can buy some cheese Postal comm prairie del Formaggio also comparative del formaggio. 16. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8c: I can buy something for my mom here. Postal comm Practical causa Pero me a mother equity fossil Comparative Qualcosa! Pair me a maverick. We you must be tired. Davy s arrest Uncle David s arrest. Uncle, I have to be there soon. Devil s area last. They have arrested a last veto. You can bring it for Giovanni for Port Arlo pear. Giovanni. Poor poor Tarlow Peril Giovanni, You can buy it later for compatible up. You charity! Poor comparable Hope you tardy! I must say something. They will delay quite causa Devil Delay Qualcosa I can bring it for Paolo. Oh, Support Arlo Pierpaolo, Post support. Arlo! Pierpaolo, I have to start. Student. They have a common Charlie Sutjipto! Never come in. Charlie Subito! You can eat something at the restaurant. Poor man, Jerry Qualcosa Al Restaurante Foreman Jerry Qualcosa Al Restaurante. I have to leave tomorrow. They have a party. Rino money. They have a party. We don't mind me. You can buy something in Rome. Poor comp. Radical causa aroma for comparative Qualcosa aroma. You're about to be there soon. Stop! There s area! Subito, Stop! Peristeri! Last rubato 17. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8d: You must go now. Debbie. Party reorder David Partier Aura You have to leave tomorrow. Dairy Partido Money David Party Romani, You can buy it tomorrow. Poor compatible or the money for comprado domani. You must say something. They have a delay Qualcosa Davey Delay Qualcosa You can bring it with you. Poor poor Tarlow Conley Poor poor Tarlow Conley. I want to eat something. Volume Angeleri Qualcosa Volume Manjarrez Qualcosa I don't spend too much money. Non voglio, spend the right proposal Italy Non volumes Spend the rate Drop us only I must find the hotel. Dave Otra Varela Virago Devil Travade Real albergo. I'm about change it now. Stopper can be out of order. Stop! There can be Arlo Order. I'm about to buy it Stopper Comprado stopper Comprado I want to buy something here. Value compare equal cause A queen value. Compare equal cause A queen. You can buy it in Verona. Poor comprado of their own For comprado Verona. You must drink something they re bury quite causer. They have a very quiet causa. I can bring it tomorrow. Poor support our of the money. Poor support Arlo Domani 18. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8e: you can buy something for Maria for comparative Qualcosa pair Maria Poor comp radical goes up here Maria, I could buy it today. Apostle compatible Org Comprise or G I can buy it later. Postal compatible Pew Charity Post A comparative hope you tarty. I can buy it tomorrow. Postal Comprado domani Posso compatible Domani I want to see Milan tomorrow. Value of a very Milano Domani Voglio Very Milano. The money you have to call Marco. David came out. Um Article David Commodity Medical. I'm about to cause the fear. Stop cameras. Sophia, stop their cameras. Sophia, I want to spend three weeks there. Volume past Sorry, Trey City Manila Voglio Passarella three City Manila. I'm about to order the chicken for power. Stop ordinarily. Polo Pierpaolo, stop pair ordinary Apollo Pierpaolo, I must change the reservation. There can be a real a planet that Cioni de vocabulary. Lapetina Etzioni, I must go now. Devil and diary order! Devil! Undoubtedly order! You must eat something. Davey Mandaric! Qualcosa David Mongering Qualcosa You can buy something here. Poor kompromat equal cause I quit. Poor comprar Equal Kozak Week 19. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 8f: I'm about to do it now Stop at far lower order. Stop there, Farrell. Aura, you have to be in Rome tomorrow. David s every aroma. Dahmani, Deseret aroma Domani You have to start soon. They're becoming Charlie's to veto. David, come Injuries rubato. You can buy something at the hotel for comparative qualcosa Allow Albergo Poor comparative qualcosa Albergo You can bring it for David. Poor poor Tarlow died every day for Port Arlo Parent Gamini, you must change it now. They have become br lower order. There can be out of order. I have to call Marco Devil Camera Team article Devil Commodity Marco have to be in Naples tomorrow. Naples in Italian is Napoli their western A monopoly Domani Devil s ran up a little money. You have to be that student, Davey sle last veto Davis early last week. I want to buy it today Voglio compared or G volume compatible orgy. So there you have it. The first Italian structure in a non question form. Poor man Jari Qui you can eat here You got poor, which is an infinitive carrier man Jari, which is an infinitive and queen which is a bit of extra information on Don't forget, all the infinitive carriers in the question format can be turned into non question infinitive carriers easily. By doing nothing in English, you change the words around in Italian, you into anything. 20. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 9: turning it all negative. There's one more useful thing that you can do to this structure quite easily. Make it negative. You can change the infinitive carriers from positive to negative, for example, in English. Why are you going to Milan? Would become Why aren't you going to melon? Can I go with you? Would become Why contact with you or when can you do it will become When can't you do it in English? It's simply a matter of putting a little n apostrophe T after the verb where it's just a simple Italian or you have to do to turn the infinitive carries negative is put a non in front of it. Just the letters. N O N non You place in front of the infinitive carrier, for example, Worley Worley means, Do you want non worley non volley means Don't you want? You can do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the question form, so non possible means cone time, non poor means caught you non Vaughan Lee. Don't you want non stop pair? Aren't you about to non devil? Don't I have to? Non Davey, Don't you have to? So let's have a quick practice with these. How would you say in Italian? Why can't I go with you? Hurricane on porcelain, Derek Only per k naan post wandering Conley. What can't you bring? Because ah nonproprietary Because a known poor poor Tyree, Do you want to buy something for Maria? Non volley comprar equal cause a pair Maria known volley Comprise Qualcosa pair Maria him. Can't I call keen on postal camera key number. So camera, what can you do it later? Burkina Profile of Brutality Barricade known for far up you, Charlie, You can also turn the non question infinitive carriers negative in the exact same way as the question infinitives. You just put the word non in front of them. So pasta means I can. Non posso means I can't. So you can do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the non question form, for example, non possible is I taunt None. Poor means you can't non volley means you don't want nonstop. Bear means you aren't about to. Non devil means I must not Monday Every means you must not non value. I don't want non stop pair. I'm not about to So that have a quick practice with these. How do you say in Italian? I can't do it today. Non postal Pharrell Orgy None. Post off our lordy You can't eat the chocolate. Non poor man! Geological Arte Non poor man Geological I must not spend too much money. Non demo Spend That trap is only none. They will spend rate drop drop easily You must not call Paulo non dairy camera Paolo Non dairy camera Paolo, I don't want to eat here. Non volume Anjar equipped Known volume and John equipped. I don't want to hire it. I want to buy it. Non value knowledge are low value compatible Non value knowledge are low volume comprado 21. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10a: Let's see if you remember how to say all the question words the infinitive carriers and all the infinitives that we've learned in this course had to say in Italian. Where? Don't be What causa okay or kick Ortho. What time? AC aorta. When Quentin. It'll how? Call me which or which one. Quietly. Why Perich? A How much cuenta? How many? 20. How long or how much time? Quanta temple Who are human key? Can I bustle? Can you poor Do you want Worley? Are you about to stop there? Do I have to? Almost I devil do you have to? Almost you, David. I can pasta. You can poor you want Worley, you're about to stop it. I have to. Why most devil you have to. Are you most Davey? I want value. I'm about to stop here To eat Monge Adi To drink baddie order ordinary to try providing to pay Paige Adi to do or to make fatty to hire knowledge. Ari to go and Daddy to take Brenda re to have a very to change come body to buy Comprise to start coming. Jari 22. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10b: be s city to leave partier to go out Well she today to bring port Ari to spend money spend every to spend time basanti to see have a daddy to cool commodity To stay that I study to find Travade to tell or to say D day tomorrow Domani today Org Tonight Staff data now order later Pew tardy to Rome or in Rome Aroma to Italy or in Italy, in Italia, at the restaurant or to the restaurant? A restaurant The chicken it upon. No, the red coat Kappa Tau Roso A ticket one billion for Marco Mathematical. And here Queen How would you say in Italian? What you want to bring? Cause of worry Poor retiree. Because at one airport Adi, what can you eat? Goes up for my injury Cause up for my injury You're about to spend too much money stopper Spend the retro peacefully stopper spend rate drop facility What can you see? Cause a poor very because I poured hayderi When can I go out? Qanda parts Okushiri Cuando poor So she I can bring some wine for power tomorrow Posa Porta del vino Pierpaolo The man post a porta del vino Pierpaolo The money Can I eat at the hotel tonight? Also my injury bosom Andrea Albergo So Sierra 23. Italian Structure 1 Chapter 10c: can you call Maria? At quarter past four. Poor can marry Maria A Quattro. A quarto. Poor camera. Maria Alec Quattro Quarto. Can I pay the bill posted by guardian Postal Bag? Are you goingto? Where can I find it? The Apostle travel alone does a postal. Trovoada. What time you want to start? Okay. What? Have one coming, Charlie? A K or a volley? Common. Charlie. Which ones do you want to try? Quietly, Worley. Providing quietly void providing what you want to do tomorrow. Because of what he founded the money. Causa volley. Fadi Doumani. You can buy it later for comparative hope you tardy for comparable open fairly. Can I go out later? Masayoshi Rape Utara Also she they put Natalie. I want to go out later. Volume volume Moshiri Pure charity. You won't see it. Volume in there alone. Well, even Eraldo. Do you want to try it? Voice provide alot of oily provide alot. Which one do you want to hire? Quietly Vueling on the job. Quietly. Voluntarily. Jari, who would you want to see in room? Keep Worley. Binary aroma, key word. Even area Roma whom you have to see in Milan. Keep everybody area. Milan Key David Area Milano. He might about seeing Verona kissed a pair of aid area Verona Key. Stop it about any of it, owner. Now let's finish with a structure one outline so you can see on the screen all the question . Where's that? We've done the infinitive carriers and then a selection of infinitives and extra information for you to practice. And what I find is a good thing to do is to say one sentence. For example, Dove a postal man. Jared Omani. Where can I eat tomorrow and repeat it to yourself and then try and change one part at a time without stopping? So, for example, Davi, Possum and Jared Amani Darby, Postal Mandiri, Domani Darby Pasta Margherita Money Darby Possum and Dario G. The Postman Dario G que Paso mija Rio G Keep also man Dario G K Possum and Garissa Sierra. And so what you're doing is changing one thing, and it helps to get your tongue around this structure, and it makes it easier for you to speak quickly and fluently. 24. The Happy Linguist: If you would like some hints and tips on how to make the most out of these courses on how to accelerate your language learning, you can read through my articles on my blawg called The Happy Linguist. I have written almost 400 articles on their full of ideas to keep learning a language fresh and exciting, and I'm constantly updating it with new articles. For example, you can listen to some foreign language songs that I have translated into English. For you, this is always a great way of learning new vocabulary. You can find lots of foreign language films and books that I recommend, or you can find extra language and grammar points that reinforce the content you've been learning in my three minute languages courses. So if you want to read all my articles for free, just head to my blawg at www 0.3 minute dot club forward slash bloke. As well as being able to read hundreds of articles on my block, you can sign up to my mailing list. Andi. You'll get a message sent straight to your inbox to let you know whenever I publish new articles or publish new courses so w w w 0.3 minute dot club forward slash blawg is where you can find the happy linguist. I hope you enjoy unhappy learning.