Building Structures in German - Structure 3 | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

Building Structures in German - Structure 3

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
31 Lessons (1h 38m)
    • 1. German Structure 3 Introduction

      3:36
    • 2. German Structure 3 Chapter 1

      4:26
    • 3. German Structure 3 Chapter 2a

      2:43
    • 4. German Structure 3 Chapter 2b

      2:47
    • 5. German Structure 3 Chapter 2c

      3:24
    • 6. German Structure 3 Chapter 2d

      3:36
    • 7. German Structure 3 Chapter 2e

      3:49
    • 8. German Structure 3 Chapter 3

      2:22
    • 9. German Structure 3 Chapter 4a

      3:06
    • 10. German Structure 3 Chapter 4b

      4:05
    • 11. German Structure 3 Chapter 5a

      3:31
    • 12. German Structure 3 Chapter 5b

      3:15
    • 13. German Structure 3 Chapter 5c

      2:54
    • 14. German Structure 3 Chapter 6a

      3:10
    • 15. German Structure 3 Chapter 6b

      3:11
    • 16. German Structure 3 Chapter 6c

      3:04
    • 17. German Structure 3 Chapter 7a

      3:15
    • 18. German Structure 3 Chapter 7b

      3:04
    • 19. German Structure 3 Chapter 7c

      3:18
    • 20. German Structure 3 Chapter 7d

      3:06
    • 21. German Structure 3 Chapter 8a

      3:06
    • 22. German Structure 3 Chapter 8b

      3:15
    • 23. German Structure 3 Chapter 8c

      3:07
    • 24. German Structure 3 Chapter 8d

      3:14
    • 25. German Structure 3 Chapter 8e

      3:08
    • 26. German Structure 3 Chapter 8f

      3:05
    • 27. German Structure 3 Chapter 8g

      3:14
    • 28. German Structure 3 Chapter 8h

      3:10
    • 29. German Structure 3 Chapter 8i

      3:53
    • 30. German Structure 3 Chapter 9

      1:50
    • 31. The Happy Linguist

      1:30

About This Class

The whole of the German language can be broken down into several different structures. If you take any sentence from any German book or any utterance, you will see that it fits into one of these structures.

I remember one weekend, I was writing some lessons for the week ahead, when I suddenly realised this. I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in German, and that every sentence follows one of these structures. I spent the rest of the weekend working out all the structures, and I wrote them all down.

Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, but all the structures together make up the whole German language. Once you’ve learnt how a structure works, all you have to do is insert different words into the slots and you have a sentence.

This course introduces you to structure 3. I’ve limited each course to one structure so as not to overburden you. By looking at just one structure at a time, you can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. It will help to clarify the German language and make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think about as is it were a maths equation.

Each structure can also help to propel you to fluency; if you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to thing about how to say it.

This course contains plenty of practice opportunities for you to revise what you’ve learnt and it also contains some hints and tips on how best to learn and memorise the structures and the vocabulary that goes with them. You’ll learn how to make questions out of structure 3, how to make statements and how to turn positive statements negative.

The Building Structures in German series is set out using the same learning techniques as the 3 Minute German courses. You can work through the course in three minute chunks, enabling anybody to learn German, no matter how little time you have.

Transcripts

1. German Structure 3 Introduction: Hello, Aunt Willkommen. Hello and welcome to building structures in German structure three. I'm Karen on dime A language to to base in the UK And I wrote this course to have you to learn to speak German. The whole of the German language is made up off a number of structures. I remember one weekend I was writing some lessons for the week ahead. When I suddenly realized this, I noticed that there are a certain number of structures in German on that every sentence follow is one of these structures. Once you know what all the structures are, you can begin to learn them. Every structure you learn gives you the ability to say a huge amount. Some structures are used more than others, and all the structures together make up the entire German language. Would you've learned all this tortures or you have to do is instead different words into the slots and you have a sentence. These structures also helped to propel you to fluency. If you can manipulate the structures at high speed, you can start to say anything you want without having to think about how to say it. As I said, each structure gives you a huge amount to say. So I've limited each course to just one structure so as not to overburden you by looking at just one structure, you can really get to grips with it and understand its usage. He will help to clarify the German language. Andi, make it more like a reflex rather than something you have to think everything through like its a mask equation. Before you start this course, let me share with you an extremely handy learning tip that helped me to progress quickly and effectively in language learning. If you've learnt any German from the three minute German courses or looked at the 1st 2 building structures courses, then you'll know that the key to successful learning is keeping your study sessions short on regular. I say three minutes is the key. If you limit your study sessions to just three minute chunks, well, then there are three things that will happen. Firstly, your maintain enthusiasm. If you want to learn anything, you have to maintain enthusiasm or else you won't continue. If you limit your study time to just three minutes, you'll keep gem and fresh and exciting and you'll be eager to learn. If you spend hours studying very quickly, you're getting bored with German, and it'll turn into a chore. Secondly, you're achieve more consistent studying. It's far better to study for those three minutes once a day, then to city for an hour once a week. A spare three minutes is relatively easy to find, even in the most hectic of days. But if you make sure you complete at least 13 minutes, 30 session every day, it will quickly become a habit that you'll do without thinking you won't think. Oh, I've got to learn some German Today, three minutes is a very short amount of time, and if you make sure you stick to at least 13 minutes to be session every day, then you'll create a habit on. By doing this, you'll become a much more consistent learner. And consistency is the key to success with languages. Thirdly, your achieve more effective memorization. This is my favorite reason as to why you should limit your story sessions to just three minute chunks. If you still doesn't think for just three minutes every day, you trick your brain into memorizing things much more quickly than if it were to see the information for hours each day. So three minutes is the key. Keep your succession short, but consistent every day. At least one any more than one is a bonus. But one is fine, and you'll soon be amazed at how much you learn. 2. German Structure 3 Chapter 1: Let's get on. Unlearn structure three in German structure three. It's very similar to structure one. The only difference is the infinitive carrier is in the past tense instead of the present tense light structure one, it consists of just three parts and here's an example of it in use. That's Voltan Z s in of us. Voltan Z s in means. What did you want to eat? Vast Vortgyn. TSN Let's break this structure down into its three components and give each component a name as we do for all the structures. So vast Voltan CSN Vaz we already know means what? And that's a question would then Vultan the Voltan Z means did you want Voltan Z? And this is an infinitive carrier in the past tense. And then in the end, we have essence Essen, which means to eat. And this is an infinitive. Vaz Voltan TSN What did you want to eat? So those are the three components A question word an infinitive carrier in the past tense on definitive and you'll hopefully remember what an infinitive carrier is from a structure one. But if not, here's a quick reminder. An infinitive carrier is any word you comport an infinitive on the end off the infinitive carries we learned in structure one were all in the present tense We had can e can e Which meant Can I currency? Currency Meaning Can you volunteers E volatility? Which means Do you want Vanden Z vanden See, Which meant are you going Morsi Most meaning Do I have to almost I and Moose Cynthy mercilessly. Which means do you have to almost you when Instructor three the infinitive carriers we're going to learn will be in the past tense. We've already seen mourn Voltan Z Voltan Z, which means did you want? We've also already learned all the question words But let's have a quick recap. How do you say in German where vote walked bus At what time? On the floor When Van How v which or which one? Veta Why volume? How much we feel How many v Fieler, How long? V Langer who? Vain And just like with the other two structures, we can change any of the three parts Instructor three, for example. Instead of saying vaz at the start, which means what we could change it to a vote meaning where so vast Boldon d s in means. What did you want to eat? Well, if you change best of all, we get Vaux Bolton TSN Meaning? Where did you want to eat? Or we could change the question. Where to Van? Which means when we get Van Voltan Zs in When did you want to eat? So vast vaulted the essence vaulted CSN van borden TSN The voting the s and part doesn't change just because you've changed a question word, but it changes the meaning of the question to what did you want to eat or where did you want to eat or when did you want to eat? 3. German Structure 3 Chapter 2a: using stroke 23 There are three parts to stroke. 23 The question Would the infinitive carrier in the past tense on the infinitive? We already know all the question words. Let's have a quick recap off the infinitives that we learned in structures one and two. How do you say in German to eat s and to drink? I think in to order best Ellen to try poor beyond to pay, but silent to do or to make Mushkin to hire meeting to go father or gain Remember that father is used when you're talking about traveling somewhere by any means of transport whereas gain is used when you're going on foot to take name and to have have been to change in damn to buy Kalfin to start unfunded To be design to go out or to leave our skin to bring Willingen to spend money Our escaping to spend time for Blinken to see is am to call and often to stay Bleiberg to find finned in, to say or to tell Zach and 4. German Structure 3 Chapter 2b: Now, in the middle of this structure, we have the infinitive carriers and they're all in the past tense. Now, what you'll notice when you see these inventive carriers is that they all contain the letter t. Also, you'll notice that the words for did you want and were you going for the same in German? So the infinitive carriers in the past tense that we're going to learn in this course our continent z contine si which means could you or were you able to contine si vault in the Voltan Z means Did you want Voltan Z most NZ most NZ means did you have to and Voltan z again means were you going vaulters e Now we compare these to the infinitive carries that we lived in course one. You're notice they're very similar in the structure one, we had curtains e courtesy, Which means can you what? We change it slightly to contine si in the past tense. So currency is Can you contine? Si Is could you volunteer volunteer in German? This means do you want in the present tense where we can change it slightly by putting a T in the middle of Fullerton's e means. Did you want Voltan z? Mrs E. Rucinsky? We had instructor one. Meaning do you have to Almost you Mussen sie And again we can put a T in the middle and take away the only out. And we get most NZ Mostyn Dizzy Meaning Did you have to Now the only time that this pattern changes is with Were you going in German? We learnt vowed NZ is Are you going or literally values? He means will you? In German, we have things like What are you going to do? We're literally in Germany. Say what will you do? Vasavada IndyMac in But in the past tense we use instead Voltan z Voltan z to mean. Where you going? This literally means Did you want still But in English, whenever you say Well, you going with available in the end, for example What were you going to do? But in Germany have to say instead What did you want to do? Vast fortunes, E marken, Which means What did you want to do? Or you can translate it as what were you going to do 5. German Structure 3 Chapter 2c: So how would you say in German? What did you want to bring? Vast fortunes in playing in vast fortunes. E blowing in. When did you have to leave Van Most? Lindsay out Skin Van Mostyn Zhihao Skin. What did you want to do? Vast vaulted American vast vaulted American. Where did you have to go? Yes, I remember in gym. And whenever you have the would go in a sentence that starts with where then is it a vole for where you have to save all hidden, which means literally to wear to wear Do you have to go voted most indie fashion voice in most anti fashion? Or you could save all him most is again if you're going on foot Whom did you want to call? Vain Bolted the Unho often vain Bolton's Ian Hoffan Where were you going to stay Voltan Supply Been of all Voltan t belive in so literally? Where were you going to stay? Well in Germany Say where did you want to stay? Voltan? Zeev, live in When did you want to eat Van vault in the Essen. Van Morton's es in. What could you see? Vast quantities A in vast quantities easy in. How much did you have to pay the fear? Most intimate, silent If you feel most insipid Salan, What were you going to say? Vast fortunes? Is argon Vaz Voltan Z's argon symmetry? That means what did you want to say? But you can translate it as What were you going to say? That's Voltan Z's Argon. 6. German Structure 3 Chapter 2d: How would you say in German? Why did you want to leave? About home wontons out. Skin volume wardens The out skin. What did you have to do? Vast. Most anti American, vast. Most of the American. What were you going to do? Bass fortunes. American vast Voltan Z Macken. What would you eat? Vote Contin. Zs of all content. The essence. When were you going to go out? Van vaulted the out skin van fortunes the our skin. How much? We're going to bring V. Feel voting. Sleeping in. We feel Bolton Z bringing Which one were you going to buy? Velicka Voltan T Kalfin Velicka Voltan. See Kalfin. How are you going to pay revolt exhibits? Alan Voltan Z But silent. What could you buy? Vast quantity. Kalfin. Vast Continetti. Kalfin. Where did you want to go? Voy Indulgences. Martin Voting Ball 25. Why did you want to go? Val Home wanted to gain Val home. Bolton's again 7. German Structure 3 Chapter 2e: How would you ask? In Germany, what would you do? Vast quantity. Macken. Vast quantity. Mackin Which one did you want to buy? Very Koval. 20 Kalfin, Vereker Vault into Kalfin Why did you have to go of our home? Houston's again violent Muslims again How much did you want to spend? If you feel fortunately our escaping If you feel voting the our escaping where could you go ? Voy in content again Voy incontinent again Where were you going to go? Avoiding Bolton's again. Voiding Bolton again? Who did you have to call? Vain Muslims Ian Hoffan Vain Muslims Ian Hoffan. What did you have to take? Vast emotionally? Nayman Vast Most Indian Ayman, Where did you want to eat? Vultures. The essence. Vote Walton the essence Who we going to call vain? Vaulted the and Hoffan Very involved in Zayon Hoffan. Where did you want to stay? Vulcans obliging Voltan Tiballi been? Where could you stay? No content to live in vote contents of libel. What did you want to say? Vast fortunes is argon. Vast fortunes is argon 8. German Structure 3 Chapter 3: manipulating structure. Three. You can manipulate structure three in many different ways, just like he called with structures one and two, for example. You can take certain bits out to make different types of questions. You don't always have to stick or three parts together. Let's see what happens when you don't put the question and word on, how would you say in German? Did you want to eat? Bolting TSN voting the ethnic? Did you want to eat here now in German. When you add extra information, don't forget that the extra information goes in front off the infinitive. So just like structure one. If you said, did you want to eat here would say literally in German. Did you want here to eat? And so the word to eat is the infinitive, and that has to go to the very end off the sentence. So did you want to eat here? Voting to hear Essen Fulginiti? Here s And did you have to pay most NZ, but Salin most in C. But salan. Did you want to pay the bill for me? Is there here The word pay goes to the end. So you would say literally, did you want for me? The bill to pay fortunes deformity uneconomic pits Allen Volts, NZ filmy Dehecq along with salad Let's see what happens now If you don't put an infinitive on the end, How would you say in German? What did you want? Vast Voltan z Vaz, Bolton's e And so you haven't got to put all three parts. You can either take the question word off and just get the infinitive carry and the inventive or you can even take the inventive off on. Just put the question word on the infinitive carrier. 9. German Structure 3 Chapter 4a: as a non question. So far, we've only looked at Structure three in a question form. However, you can also use it as a non question. So as a question format structure three consisted of three parts bus Voltan Z essence. What did you want to eat? A question word. A past inventive carrier andan infinitive. And you could also add the extra information just like in the other structures. And don't forget that in German the infinitive has to go to the very end off the sentence. And so if you want to say something like, what did you want to eat yesterday? You would say literally. What did you want yesterday to eat? Vaz Voltan, Daghestan Essen. Vaz Voltan, Daghestan Essen. So they asking goes that I end well to use this structure when you're not asking. The question is quite simple. Just like before you take the question word off and then flip the infinitive carry around. You probably noticed that the infinitive carriers are made up of two parts. Even in the past tense, you simply flip them around to make them into a non question. Let me show you what I mean. Let's compare question and a non question in the structure of three former vast Voltan Z Mackin means What did you want to do? Vast Voltan Demark in Well, if you switch around the Waltons e and take the question word off you get dizzy Bolton. So the Volta mackin means you wanted to do so You could say things like Z Bolton Dusk s Denmark. You wanted to do that yesterday? So the infinitive carrier Voltan Z means did you want? And if you flip it around, you get dizzy Voltan, which means you wanted is the vault in? Here s in. You wanted to eat here? The voting powers in you wanted see pool Is the vault enough bell in fashion you wanted to go to building? Let's have a look at the past tense infinitive carriers that we've seen so far. Let's turn them into non questions. So continent Z contine si means Could you or were you able to is the Contin means you could or you were able to Is he content vote in Z Voltan Z means Did you want the Bolton means you wanted most NZ most in D means did you have to and is the most in is the most in means you have to. And remember that voting is he can also mean. Were you going? Voltan Z So devoted can mean you were going as well as you wanted. 10. German Structure 3 Chapter 4b: So how would you say in German you wanted to buy something here for pool devoting. Edward here for Powell Kalfin Is the vault in advance here for Powell Kalfin? You're going to buy it Tomorrow is the vault in S. Morgan Kalfin is the vault in S Morgan coffin. You could see it is he Content s is a in is the content SZ in? You have to pay. The bill is the most earn. The hike along with silent is the most in the hike along a bit silent. You're going to buy something yesterday De Volta Nedved's guest in coffin is the vault and at worst Guest and Kalfin, you're going to buy some cheese? Is the vault in advance? Cares a coffin? Is the Volta adverse case a coffin? You're going to be here Any Z Voltan flew here. Zain is the vault in flu he design so they have the third German structure in a non question for Mitt Z Bolton Gash down here s and you wanted to eat here yesterday They've got the past infinite of carrier is evil. Tune extra information in the middle Guest Dan And here on the infinitive on the end s and to eat. So you wanted here yesterday to eat is what you'd let you say is a Bolton guest in Here s in. You wanted to eat here yesterday Just one little thing to note in German in the extra information section if you have more than one thing So here we have more than one word we've got yesterday Andi here and in English. The sentences you wanted to eat here yesterday in German You would literally translated as you wanted yesterday here to eat. And that's because whenever you have more than one extra information word, the time has to go before the place. There's little saying in German the extra information is always time, manner, place time first man a second and placed third. So time are things like yesterday, today, next week, last week the manor is how something happens. So it might have happened quickly or slowly. And then the place here, there at the supermarket. And so if you have any of those extra information words you should always put the time words first the manner, words second and the place words last And that's why in German you've got here. You wanted yesterday here to eat because yesterday at the time. And here is a place. Is it Bolton guest in Here s a 11. German Structure 3 Chapter 5a: So far, we've only looked at infinitive carriers in the past. For Z, you'll notice that they all end in the letter. T e n We've had continuity, Which means could you or were you able to Voltan Z means Did you want most NZ means? Did you have to Onda Voltan z again could also mean Were you going there All of these and in t e n content Walton most in Bolton. So Voltan means did you want or where you're going? And it comes from the verb volunteer, which means to want so volunteer means want involved inthe e means Did you want? Well, let's have a look at the past tense conjugation off the Volen. So here's the word want in the past in German vaulter Ik Walter means I wanted Duval noticed Do volt ist means you wanted air and the Volta air or the Volta means he or she wanted via Bolton via Walton Means we wanted is a Bolton Izzy Vultan means you wanted and Z Bolton with a lower case s means they wanted. Now, if you've looked at structure to in building structures in German, then you'll know what all the different persons are. But if you haven't less is quickly go over them. You'll notice that there are two words for you. We've got Do and Z with a capital s where the Z is the formal or plural version of you and so you can use the when you're talking somebody you don't know when you're talking to a group of people do is reserved as an informal, singular version off you. So do is they never used. When you're talking to one person and you know them very well, it's an informal way of saying you in German, I would always stick to the sea. Then you also know that notice that you wanted the Z Bolton and they wanted Z Bolton. Both are exactly the same. The only difference is that you wanted has a capital s. But obviously in speaking, can't hear the difference between a capitalists on the lower case s so occasionally this come get confusing. And so Z Bolton could mean you wanted or they wanted. If it is confusing, what you can do is use an alternative word for they in German. Instead of saying z Vultan for they wanted, you can se de volta d i e instead of s i e. This is only used occasionally when it's confusing, but usually you'll know what they're talking about. They weren't suddenly changed from you to a mid conversation. So if it is confusing, instead of saying z Bolton But they wanted you can se de Volta That's a Travolta do boldest air or sea vaulter the of Alton de Bolton Bolton I wanted you wanted he or she wanted we wanted you wanted And they wanted, as I know has had the last three all end in t e End. 12. German Structure 3 Chapter 5b: Did you look at the last letters off the congregation off the violent in the past tense in German you'll notice that these last letters are used on the endings for all the infinitive carriers in the past tense in German. So the endings are t e in vaulter tst vault ist t e again, Walter And then the last three rtn Walton Walton Walton into these endings T e t s t t TNT ntn are actually the same endings for all infinitive carriers in the past tense. Let's look at another infinitive carrier so you can see how the endings are the same. We've already had most NZ most NZ Which means did you have to? And it comes from the web mussen, which means most so let's have a look at a full conjugation off the Muslim in the past tense in German, you've got ik moster ik moster. I had to do mostest do mostest you have to air or the musta air or the musta he or she had to via Mostyn via Mostyn. We had to is the most in is the most, um, you had to and the most in they have to into their those letters again on the end t tst t than TNT NTN To turn the infinitive carriers in the past tense into a question or you have to do is invert, for example, is evil iton means you wanted and Voltan Z means Did you want? So let's look at the two verbs Volen and Mussen as questions in the past tense. So volume we've got evolved to eat. Did I want volatiles to do? Did you want voter air and voter? The Did he or she want Voltan Via? Did we Weren't Voltan Z Did You Want and Voltan Z Did they want Let's have a look at the Web mussen In the past tense most e did I have to. Most of us do. Did you have to most of air? Almost dizzy. Did he have to Woods. Did she have to? Most India did we have to. Most NZ did you have to, and most in Z did they have to. So it's to in any of the infinitive carries into questions. You just flip around the verb with the subject pronoun on the subject. Paradigm is the word I you, he she we and they 13. German Structure 3 Chapter 5c: How would you say in German? How did he want to pay? V Balto Abbott Silent v Voto Abbott Salin Where did they have to go? Voiding Muslims again? Voice in most int again. What did we have to do? Vast. Most in the American vast Muslim via Mackin. Why did you have to see Paul about home? Most indie powers in Balcombe. Muslim de power? Then what did you have to do yesterday? Vast Most of the U. S. Dan Martin Vast Most is yes Danmark in What did they want to do yesterday? Vast fortunes against Denmark in massive Alton's against Denmark. In what time did you have to leave? If it almost in the aschen when we feel almost is the hour skin? Or of course, you could also say vehicle or mostest to our scan that they can always use the word most Just do if you're talking to a friend. So just to reiterate we've had Volta e Did I want Vortis too? Did you want Volta air and vaulted the did he want? Or did she want Voltan via? Did we want Voltan Z Did you want and Voltan Z did They won't that we had most of did I have to? Most of us too. Did you have to? Most of air? Almost dizzy. Did he have to or did she have to? Most in Via Did we have to Muslims? E Did you have to? And most Lindsay did they have to? 14. German Structure 3 Chapter 6a: now because the endings for the infinitive carriers in the past are always the same. T e t s t t T n t and t n And you already know how to say the Z form of each of the inventive carriers or you have to do is remove the t e n from the end of the deform and then add the appropriate ending with, for example, we already knew that Voltan Z meant Did you want? Well, all we did was take the t e n off the end of Bolton on. We were left with volatile. We then put the different endings onto the end of this and put a person in the end we got Volta E So we hav t volatiles to do adding the tst Voter air or Volta Z Did he or she want Voltan via? Did we want Voltan z? Did you want involved in D again? Did they want? They can see? We just added t t s t t t n t ntn and you can do this toe any off the infinitive carried in the past tense. So we've already seen that continent C means could you this comes from the verb Kernan, which means can and let's have a look at it, conjugated in both the non question on the question format in the past tense. So contine si meant could you so see if you can have a go at conjugating into the past tense with the other people in step. So pause the video and have a go, um, Empress play and see if you got it right. According T, Could I contest too? Could you conta air and controversy? Could he or could she Contin via? Could we contine? Si Could you and contine si could date and then, in the non question format, weaken just fit them around and get contact, meaning I could do contest, meaning you could A or Z conta he or she could be a Contin. We could Izzy Contin You could and z Contin they could, and so you'll see all the way through both of those. The question on the non question form it's The endings are the same t e for I tst for you in the informal vision t e for he and she than t e n for we you in the formal and plural. And they he wanted to contest, as was the contact via Contin is the continent is the continent. I could you could he or she could we could you could and they could. 15. German Structure 3 Chapter 6b: How would you say in German? I could see Paul according to powers in IK. Want a Palestinian? What could you see there? Vast continously door saying Vast Continetti door saying, Could they help continously health in continously health? And what could he do that's going to air makin best conta American? Now we've seen that the phrase Voltan Z means did you want? But we've also seen that it means were you going to as well? So this means the past tense conjugation of the verb volen have two meanings they could mean Did you want or where you're going to? So let's look at the second meeting off the congregation off the violent in the past tense . Volte. Was I going to politest do? Were you going to Volta Air on vault? Easy. Was he going to What was she going to Voltan via? Were we going to Bolton z Were you going to on Voltan Z can also mean Were they going to and then in the non question format, 1/4 means I was going to Duval test you were going to or the Volta he or she was going to via Bolton. We were going to is Eve Alton, you were going to And the Voltan can also mean they were going to. So how would you say in German? What was she going to do? Vast vaulted the Mackin vest voters American Who was he going to call? Vain? Volta Air and hopefully vain Balta air. And often they were going to stay here. Is the vault in here beleive in? Is the vault in here blind in? I was going to speak. The vault is cracking. It involved a spoken 16. German Structure 3 Chapter 6c: So I have to say in German Did I want volte? Did you want in the informal way Voters too? Did he or she want Walter air or vault? Easy. Did we want Voltan via? Did you want vaulting? The Did they want voting? The did I have to most of e Did you have to in the informally? Most of us do. Did he or she have to most of air? Almost dizzy. Did we have to Most India Did you have to in the form away most NZ Did they have to most NZ Could I corn tea? Could you in the informally contests do? Could he or she quanta air or quantity? Could we Quentin Via? Could you Quentin z Could they Continetti? Was I going to volte? Were you going to in the informal way voters to do? Was he or she going to vaulter air or vault? Easy. Were we going to Wharton via Were you going to in the formally Voltan Z? Were they going to Voltan Z 17. German Structure 3 Chapter 7a: turning it all negative. There's one more useful thing that you can do to this structure quite easily, and that's make it negative. You can change the infinitive carriers from positive to negative quite easily in English. For example, Why were you going to Berlin would become Why won't you go into building? Could I go with you? Becomes Why couldn't either? With you, When did you want to do it becomes when didn't you want to do it so you'll see in English. It's simply a matter of putting a little n apostrophe t after part of the inventive carrier when it's almost a simple in German, too. All you have to do to turn the infinitive carriers negative is port and neat after them. For example, Voltan Z means were you going to Voltan de nicked means when you're going to. You can do this with any of the infinitive carriers in the question of form. So in volume, we've got voltage technique. Didn't I want voters to need? Didn't you want Walter an EQ Ovaltine? It didn't he want Or didn't she want Volt in Vienna? Didn't we want Voltan unique? Didn't you want and vaulting the nicked with the lover case s Didn't they want similarly with Muslim, we get most technique. Didn't I have to? Most is to meet Didn't you have to? Most of air almost is unique, Didn't he or didn't she have to most in Vienna? Didn't we have to? Most is unique. Didn't you have to? And most Indian eked with a leather case. As didn't they have to with Kern and we have corn. Teak me, Couldn't I conscious to meet, couldn't you? According to Annie, Quantity meets, Couldn't he or couldn't she? Quentin via neat, couldn't we, Constantine? Eat, couldn't you? And quantity neat, couldn't they? And the second meeting of Warren was going to do something so volunteer technique Wasn't I going to voters too neat. Weren't you going to Volta? Any Andi vault is in it? Wasn't he going to? And wasn't she going to vault in Vienna? Weren't we going to voting is unique. Were you going to Andi Voltan? Dean eked with a lover case s weren't Vega into And just remember that with the they forms you can Instead of saying z, you can also say d if it gets confusing. So instead of a vault in Dean east. It is not clear that you mean they you can save Walton de nicked and it means were they going to as well? 18. German Structure 3 Chapter 7b: How would you say in gym? And why couldn't I go with you of our home quantity picnicked Midian and again of our home court technique Comedian again. So Mitt even means with you in the formal way of saying you Mitt Dia de ir media is the informal way off saying with you what couldn't you bring vast quantities in explaining in vast content? Scenic Clingan, Where you going? To buy something for Maria Voltages in it at vast formal here. Coffin vaulting. Unique atmosphere. Mahir Kalfin. Who couldn't I call vain quantity? Ignat on roof in vain. Quantity. Ignat on roof in. Why didn't he have to do it? Volume was the air a sneak smack in volume. Most areas need smack in. And so s meaning. It in German tends to go in front of the Nique. So most of air need means. Didn't he have to put when you want to say, Didn't he have to do it? The It tends to go in front of the neat most of air s meat. Why didn't they have to go two billion volume, most in scenic. Bellen found him Volume Muslims in the snack Palin Fallon, which one. Didn't you want to buy? Very cold. Is the next Kalfin very vaulted? Scenic Kalfin You can also turn the non question infinitive carriers negative. You do it in the same way you just put a neat on the end. So, for example, in German e conta e content means I could when he put a nick on the end of that you get a Contin eat e Contin eat, which means I couldn't. And so just like you did with the question forms, you just put the word Nique on the end of the inventive carrier Andi, you can turn non question infinitive carriers negative too. 19. German Structure 3 Chapter 7c: you can make any of the infinitive carriers in the non question form negative. Just by putting Nique on the end, for example, it vault unique. I didn't want Duval just neat. You didn't want air those evil to meet He or she didn't want be a vault in need we didn't want is evil too neat? You didn't want the Volta neat. They didn't want it most in need. I didn't have to do most. It's neat. You didn't have to air or the most in need he or she didn't have to via most in need. We didn't have to the most in need. You didn't have to the most in need. They didn't have to content. I couldn't do contest sneaked You couldn't air or Z Continent he or she couldn't via Contin eq. We couldn't z continent. You couldn't z Contin eat. They couldn't Ekvall tinny can also mean I wasn't going to do voters need you weren't going to air was evil technique he or she wasn't going to be a vault in need. We weren't going to Is the vault in meat you weren't going to Is the vault in neat? They weren't going to. So how would you say in German? I couldn't do it yesterday. The quantities Next guest, Denmark in Conta is nicked guest and mark in the neat as long as it goes after the conta Andi in front of the Macken could be placed anywhere in sentence. And so e conta is Nick guest Denmark in well, usually the s goes in front of the neck anyway. But you can also place the guest stand in front of the neck and get E Conta s guest on next mark in. So it means the same thing. So you can put the nicked after the S or after the SGS down on it was still mean the same thing in German. How would you say I didn't want to eat it? Vaulter s Nick s in Ive Alter s Meat Essen. And so the s tends to go in front of the Nique. But again, if you put the s after the Nique, it would still make sense. Equality unique. Essen is still grammatically correct. It's just in Germany. The most common usage is to put the s in front of the neck. So it Walter s nicked Essen or default unique s and are both correct. I didn't want to eat it 20. German Structure 3 Chapter 7d: How would you say in German? I wasn't going to spend too much money. It vaulted next to feel guilty House Kevin equal to next to feel guilty. Housekeeping. You didn't have to call pool the most in Nick Power and Hoffan. It's the most in Nick power. And often they didn't want to eat here. The vault in it? Yes. Is the vaulted nicked here? Nothing. I wasn't going to hire it. I was going to buy it. The vault is next meeting it vaulted s Kalfin vaulter ethnic meeting. It vaulted as coffin. So to make the infinitive carriers negative in German, all you have to do is put the would need after them. Now, let's have a quick recap off all the question. Where is that? We've learned in building structures in German. How do you say in German? Where? Vote? What vests? At what time? On vehicle. When? Van. How v which or which one? Very Why Valent? How much we feel? How many v Fieler? How long TV? Langer, whom the vein And how do you say in German? I wanted Ive alter you wanted Duval noticed he or she wanted a or Z Volta. We wanted via bulletin you wanted Is it Bolton? And they wanted. Is it Bolton 21. German Structure 3 Chapter 8a: How do you say in German? I had to moster You had to do mostest. He or she had to air or the musta we had to Being most in you have to is the most in they had to is the most in I could e quanta. You could do contest. He or she could air or z conta We could via quantum. You could Is he content? They could Is the content I was going to vaulter? You were going to Duval noticed he or she was going to air or sea Volta you were going to is a Bolton. They were going to Is it Bolton? How do you say in German to eat s and to drink? I think in toe order Kustennin to try por beyond to pay but silent to do or to make Macken to hire, meeting to go gay and your father to take Nayman to have Harbin to change and them to buy Kalfin to start unfunded. To be design to go out or to leave our scan to bring buying in 22. German Structure 3 Chapter 8b: How do you say in German to spend money? I was scathing to spend time fib Lincoln to see Zan to call and often to stay blind men to find finned in, to tell or to say Zarkin. And now we have some extra information words that you can use with this structure. And so all these words could be used in the past tense. Guess stand guess Dan means yesterday guests. Stan, Let's dive Oka Let's Devo. Ca means last week. Let's dive Oka Let's this yar, Let's This year means last year. Let's this, Yeah, let's the knocked Let's then act means last night. Let's then act forts vie Targa forts vie targa means two days ago, literally. You put the four first. So you say in German ago. Two days for spy tiger. So four can be used to mean ago now the words that come after ago. If you use the word, they're a little bit funny, so we'll have a few phrases that you can use for China Vodka for China vodka. So either word for our here hasn't are in the end for China. Volker a week ago will not delve into Wallace's in this course for now, if you just learn. These are set phrases. However, if you want to know more about this than you can learn about it in the three minute German courses. So for I know, vodka is a week ago for my name. Yeah, for einem. Yeah means a year ago for Einem. Yeah, Fort Survival Forts by Vulcan two weeks ago Fort Survive Broken, forced by yarn forts Vie yarn two years ago. Fourth spy yarn for I Am part argon with a word in par in German means literally a pair. Or it could be used to mean a few so four empire Teigen means a few days ago. Four in part target. 23. German Structure 3 Chapter 8c: How would you say in jam and what we're going to bring? Massive. Ultimately playing in vast holdings he bring in. What could you eat? Vast continent es in vast continent es in. You're going to spend too much money. It's revolting to feel guilt. House caving is the vault in to feel get out skating. What could you see? Vast quantities is a in a vast quantity. Then when did he want to go out? Van bolt air our skin Van Volta, our skin. I was going to bring some wine for Paul yesterday. It evolved against an adverse divine feel power bringing equal to guest an address. Find firepower playing in. So whenever you have more than one extra information phrase in German in a sentence, the time phrases, if you have any, have to go in front of any of your the phrases. That's why guest and which means yesterday, goes in front of your the phrases. So in English, we say I was going to bring some wine for poor yesterday, but in Germany, or say I was going yesterday. Some wine for Paul to bring it involved. A guest, an eight first find for power planning. How would you say, Could they eat there constantly? Daughter Ethnic Continetti daughter s In what time was he going to call Maria? Vehicular. Where? Voltaire, Maria. And often when we feel weren't Voltaire Maria And often did you want to pay the bill? Voltan zd Hackman puts Allen Walton's e. D. Hackman pits Alan. 24. German Structure 3 Chapter 8d: How would you say in German? Where did you have to go? Bhokin mustn't again before 10 Mohs turns again What time did you want to start? V feel emboldened? The unfunded V feel were Walton's Ian Fungal. Which one did you want to try? Very Bolton's Republican Vereker Bolton Depot Beyond What were you going to do last week? Basketball. Tensy! Let's debacle Mackin of us Bolton Village Tuvok American. You could buy it Yesterday is the content s Kashtan. Kalfin is the continent s guest. And Kalfin, did you want to go out later? Voltan dish Beta out skin Voltan dish Beta Our skin. I wanted to go out later. Voltage! Hatalsky in vaulters. Beta, Our skin! Did you want to see it? Voltan ds is a in Voltan Zs. Stay in. Did you want to try it? Voltan ds Po, be alone. Votes in the Espo be other. Which one? We're going to hire Very cool. Bolton seem eaten America. Bolton's the meeting. Who did you want to see? In strict guard, Very involved in the instead. Cards, then vain. Vaulting the instruct Guard, Stay in 25. German Structure 3 Chapter 8e: How would you say in German? Whom did you have to see in Berlin? Vain Most Indian ballons in vain Muslims Ian Bell Indian Who are you going to stay in Germany? Very involved in the endorse Lands in vain. Bolton's the endorse lands Ian, I had to be there. Really it most of flow dot Sign it most Afoa Dort sign You could bring it for pool Is the continent's feel power playing in Is the continous fell power playing in? I couldn't see it There it Quanta as Nick taught then Conta s nicked Don't say in Remember you can put the next anywhere as long as it's after the quanta and as long as it comes before there's in So quanta as nicked daughter Zan Or you could say Equant s daughter needs then or quanta nicked as Dorsen. But usually the s comes in front of the neck. How would you say I had to say something? Most of advice, Sargon. It most The edge past Dragon. I wanted to bring it for Johan. It involved A s for your handling in equal to s for your hand clinging. I had to start late It most a spate. And Franken, it must a spate on Fongern. You were going to eat something. Is the vault in Adverse Essen? Is the vault in adverse Essen? 26. German Structure 3 Chapter 8f: How would you say in gym and I had to leave yesterday. Most IQ guest in our skin. It most a guest on our skin. You wanted to buy something in Berlin? Is the vault at Fasten Bellion coffin? Is the Volta adverse in Balian? Kalfin, You were going to be there yesterday. Devoting guest and or sign is the vault in Gaston. Don't sign. You have to go to Germany is the most in Nach Deutschland. Falcon is the most earn Nach Deutschland Fallon, Why did you have to leave yesterday? About home? Most it's against in our skin by home motions against NL skin. You couldn't buy it Last year is the continent's Nicolas to see our coffin is the continent s Miss Lester Tr coffin. She wanted to say something. De Volta at West Sargon de Volta At first Sargon, you were going to bring it with you. Is the vault in estimate in And Clingan is the vault in s MIT in and bring in. I want to eat something. It vaulted. Address Essen. It rolled the adverse Essen. You were going to spend too much money. It's important to feel guilt outs came in. Is the vault into feel guilty? House cable 27. German Structure 3 Chapter 8g: How would you say in German I had to find the hotel. It most of us. Hotel finned in moster. That's hotel finned in. I was going to change it later. Volta s beta and down equal to s beta. And then you were going to buy too much. Is the vault in Sofia? Kalfin is the vault in to feel Kalfin. I wanted to buy something here. It vaulted advice here. Coffin vaulter, atmosphere Coffin. You could buy it in Munich is the continent s invention. Kalfin is the content s invention. Kalfin, I had to drink something. It musta address drinking it musta at first thinking I couldn't bring it yesterday. Equant s Kashtan nicht pingan. It can't s cash there Nicked Pingan. You wanted to buy something for Maria? Is the vault in the atmosphere? Marquis, a coffin is the voting atmosphere. Maria Kalfin. I was going to buy it for you. If Walter s cozy Kalfin it vault s Fozie. Kalfin so fills. The is the former way of saying for you. If you want to say for you informally, you say field, I feel a D and D is spelt d i c h said Phil Z or Phil d both mean for you 28. German Structure 3 Chapter 8h: How would you say in gym and I want to buy it for Michael. It Vault s film Mikhail Kalfin equal to s film Mikaela Kalfin. He was going to buy it for me tomorrow. Volta s for me, Morgan Kalfin A Volta s filmic Morgan Kalfin. I wanted to see Berlin tomorrow. If Walter Morgan billions in Volta Morgan beddings in, You have to call Michael the most in Mikaela and often is the most in Mikael and Hoffan. I was going to call Michael tomorrow equal to Morgan Mikael and often if Walter Morgan Mikael and often I wanted to spend three weeks there He voted hive open door to the opinion it vaulter Dr Okun. Daughter opinion. I was going to order the chicken for pool. It voted attention feel power boost, Ellen, It voted attention for Pounder Stanton. I had to change the reservation. The most idea has a feel long and down It most dear has a young and down I had to go most again most again 29. German Structure 3 Chapter 8i: How would you say in German you had to eat? Something is the most in adverse Essen is the most. An adverse Essen. We're going to buy something here. Borten, The atmosphere. Coffin voting the atmosphere. Kalfin. He was going to do it later. Evaldo ish beta market eval. Tha s better. Marken, you have to be in Germany. Tomorrow is the most in Morgan Indulged and sign is the most in Morgan in Deutschland Zain They were going to start soon. Is the vault in belt and fungal is the vault in belt and Franken? You could buy something there. The continent fast or Kalfin Is he constant advice door Kalfin, You're going to bring it for Maria Z Voltan. Esther Maria behind in Is the vault in s for Maria buying gun? Why did you have to change it? Volume motions? Yes. And then volume. Most Cinzia send them. I had to call Maria it most amaria and often it most Maria And often I had to be in Berlin last week. It most unless the bucket in Valentine moster. Let's dive aka in Berlin. Zain. Why couldn't you come with us? Home content Scenic. Mitterrand's common volume quantity. Next meet on is common. I wasn't going to buy it today. Evolved as hoity next Kalfin, it voted as hoity Nick Kalfin. 30. German Structure 3 Chapter 9: so that structure three and you can see now an outline off the structure, including the question word past infinitive carriers. Some extra information words Andi, some infinitives that you can use to practice with, just like with the other structures to practice with this structure. What you can do is say one question out loud over and over, and then try and change one part without stopping, For example, vast quantities against an Essene vast continent against an Essene vast conscience against an essence of all contents against an Essene and by changing one part, then you will help your tongue to get more familiar with the structure, and this will help you to achieve fluency a lot more quickly. Now, don't forget that you can use this structure in four different ways. A positive question. For example, V feel Bolton's again when we feel or Bolton's again. What time did they want to go? A positive non question, which you can get by flipping the infinitive carrier around with the subject, for example, is a Bolton woman too high again? Is the vault in on Ohio again? They wanted to go at three o'clock. You can get a negative question by putting meat on the end off the inventive carrier, for example, of our home vault in the next game Home vault in the next game. Which means why didn't they want to go? And you can do the same with the non question and get a negative non question by putting nicked on the end of the infinitive carrier, for example, is the vault in Nick Gan? Is the vault in? Nick began. They didn't want to go. 31. The Happy Linguist: If you would like some hints and tips on how to make the most out of these courses on how to accelerate your language learning, you can read through my articles on my blawg called The Happy Linguist. I have written almost 400 articles on their full of ideas to keep learning a language fresh and exciting, and I'm constantly updating it with new articles. For example, you can listen to some foreign language songs that I have translated into English. For you, this is always a great way of learning new vocabulary. You can find lots of foreign language films and books that I recommend, or you can find extra language and grammar points that reinforce the content you've been learning in my three minute languages courses. So if you want to read all my articles for free, just head to my blawg at www 0.3 minute dot club forward slash bloke. As well as being able to read hundreds of articles on my block, you can sign up to my mailing list. Andi. You'll get a message sent straight to your inbox to let you know whenever I publish new articles or publish new courses so w w w 0.3 minute dot club forward slash blawg is where you can find the happy linguist. I hope you enjoy unhappy learning.