Boost Your Productivity: Adapt, Improve, Do! | Doru Catana | Skillshare

Boost Your Productivity: Adapt, Improve, Do!

Doru Catana, from knowing to doing

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9 Lessons (54m)
    • 1. Who is this for?

      1:37
    • 2. Willpower: Your most important resource

      7:41
    • 3. Motivation: Why it's important but not enough

      3:10
    • 4. Habits: The secret to your success

      5:17
    • 5. Goals: The framework to achieve anything

      8:35
    • 6. Decision Making: Speed, Flexibility and Consistency

      11:38
    • 7. Comfort Zone: How it's both a blessing and a curse

      10:40
    • 8. Key Takeaways

      1:53
    • 9. Your Battle Plan

      3:22

About This Class

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Look, I'll cut the small talk.

This short one hour course will help you deal with your inner brakes that stop you from achieving your goals. 

There's nobody blocking you more from achieving your goals than yourself.

And it doesn't really matter if they are personal or professionals. Goals are goals and achieving or failing to achieve them follows the same principles.

So HOW DO I PLAN to get you from "wanting" to "doing"?

  • We'll start with your willpower because that's what we lack most of the times. We'll take a look at the science of willpower, how it works and train this "muscle".
  • Then we go over motivation. But not the old fashion way where all I do is get you hyped. That doesn't last. We analyze your WHY and give you a reason to be motivated.
  • Moving on we have your habits. And as the saying goes: "We first make our habits then they make us."
  • The next obvious step is goal setting. Once you have the willpower, motivation and habits to achieve them, it's necessary to make sure they are the right ones. "You don't want to climb to the top of the ladder of success and realize it's leaning against the wrong wall."
  • Once goals are out of the way, we go over your decision making process because this is what most often blocks you or slows you from achieving your goals. And we'll focus extensively on you not lying to yourself, because nobody can exploit your weaknesses more than you.
  • And last but not least we cover your comfort zone and how you can consistently expand it and achieve bigger and bigger things each time you put your mind to it.

So HERE'S MY PROMISE:

If you watch this course and APPLY at least one thing you learn from it, you will get significant improvement in that area of your life. 

It's as simple as that. No secret recipe, no magic.

The only variable that I have zero control over and you are the only one that has, is YOU TAKING ACTION.

That's all.

Right now you might lack some concepts to achieve your goals, but after watching the course all you'll lack will be ACTION.

And the main reason this course is FREE is because my ONLY GOAL with it is to get an email from at least one of the people enrolling in it (hopefully you) saying:

"I did that thing you said in Lecture X and got these results. Thank you."

And that THANK YOU is MY WIN. 

So, Enjoy!

And remember what's essential....DOING!

Transcripts

1. Who is this for?: So what's this course about? The simplest way to say it is that it's for people who want to get things, that so if you're a professional who is looking for ways to improve yourself and get that unfair competitive advantage, or looking for practices that will get your ideas from planning to doing faster. This is the course for you. Although targeted at entrepreneurs and tech professionals, the principles and tools and this course will upgrade the lifestyle and productivity of anyone that watches it. So what makes it special? Why this and not the hundreds of other productivity courses? And the answer is simple. This is not a rah rah. Feel good training with generic advice. All the principles and techniques have actual scientific experiments and years of study behind them. And the reason for this is that, just like you, I am a student of productivity. And just like you, I am tired of all that generic advice that has no value in no riel life application. My goal is to save you from lots of headaches and hopefully make you never listen to another productivity course ever again unless it's a resource I listed. If you want more in depth information on a specific topic. I tell it like it is. No marketing hype, no fluff. No. You'll make 1,000,000 sitting on your ass. You get the real deal. So whether you want to get 10 times more things done than you currently are or just want to recipe to work two or three days a week, this course will allow you to do just that. And it will do so by covering everything from your willpower to motivation, creating powerful habits, making good decisions and helping you set effective goals. That being said, I'm looking forward to see you on the inside. 2. Willpower: Your most important resource: As I said in the first video, this entire section will focus on management off self because even if you're a lone wolf or part of a complex team, the way you manage yourself is at the root of everything. And I'd like to start this section with something we all wished we had more off. And that is willpower, the ability to get yourself to do more of what you think will get you closer to your objectives. So if you have trouble waking up in the morning going to the gym on a regular basis, focusing for longer periods of time, this video will make everything easier. And as I promised, I will focus a lot on practical applications. So without further ado, let's dive in The fastest way to get more willpower is to meditate. This sounds weird. I know I wasn't a believer of meditation either, but there are tens, if not hundreds, of studies that confirm meditation helps you focus, relieve stress and have more willpower. In fact, do you know what the best part is? Meditation has the biggest impact on people who never did it or find it hard to do it so if you're struggling to clear your mind, even for five minutes than the likelihood of it, having a huge impact on your willpower is highly increased. But wait, it doesn't stop at that. Neuroscientists have discovered that your brain actually has physical changes after just 11 hours of meditation, the same way your muscles get more blood flow when you exercise. The same happens to your prefrontal cortex, the one in charge of complex decision making when you meditate. And once again I want to remind you this is not some wellness guru saying meditation helps you get in touch with your inner self. Although I'm not ruling out that possibility, either. These are experiments than by scientists with brain scans and double blind experiments keeping the practical approach. I guess you might be wondering, How do you go about this? And I know you can find a lot of content online on how to do it. That suggests the Lotus position and complex procedures. Well, the simplest way to get into it is to sit on a chair or couch. Close your eyes, try to clear your mind of the Brazilian thoughts that are going through it, and if you're having trouble doing this. Focus on your breathing. Inhale counting to three and exhale slowly, counting to five or six. Do this for a two least 10 minutes each day ever. This is something anyone can do, no matter how busy they are. Don't lie to yourself. You do have the time and try doing it for at least three weeks, Then experience the results for yourself. The only struggle I had was to remember to actually do it. But that's easily handled by any reminder rap moving on to the second great way to have willpower, and it's the pause and plan response. This will require more practice, but once integrated in your decision making process, it gets a lot easier. So how does this work exactly? And what does it do for you? I'll go on the assumption that since you're watching this course, you are very busy, are struggling to achieve more and are under a lot of stress. And that's the problem. Your brain on stress takes worst decisions than your brain when relaxed. In fact, maybe worse is not the ideal term here. Your brain on stress takes decisions that give short term results and doesn't think about the long term consequences. And this comes from ancient times when we had to hunt animals and survive and didn't have all the modern security and comfort. Imagine yourself facing a tiger and all you have is a spear. I think contemplating decisions with long term impact is not year, the old time in place. At that moment, parts of your brain shut off and you go into survival mode, focusing on how not to get eaten and get off that situation alive. Fast forward a couple of 1000 years, and you're in a supermarket hungry. Your brain instantly focuses on getting the most energy possible, and it makes you reach for that candy bar filled with sugar and not for the vegetables. And that's where the pause and plan technique comes into play. With enough exercise, you can interrupt the fight or flight survival mechanism with the parson Plan one and make long term decisions. As I said one first mentioning this technique, it might take some time to make it a habit. You'll forget about it at first, but once it becomes part of your thinking process, you'll begin making better and better decisions and the results will keep compounding in terms of how to make this easy on yourself. What you should do is focus on your breathing and slow it down. Yes, it's that simple. All you need to do is slow down your breeding. So the next time you feel overwhelmed and want to increase the likelihood of you making a best long term decision, you know what to do. For 1/3 method to boost willpower as one that personally surprised me as well, it's forgive yourself so you can take a moment to forgive yourself for all your past failures. A study at Carleton University in Canada that tracked procrastination in students who didn't prepare for their first exam found out. Does that didn't forgive themselves? We're more likely to procrastinate again in comparison to does that forgave themselves. So it's forgiveness, not guilt, that helps you get back on track. And after this very peaceful, almost Zen like technique comes the 4th 1 which not everyone will like, burn down your ships. You probably heard about the conquistador Cortes, who burned down the ships before the battle, so the only way to get home would be if they were victorious and took the ships of their opponents. Putting this into practical terms, you need to limit your options by pre committing, not give you an example, I read and Stephen Covey's Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Let's say you want to start jogging, but never get to it because you're always too tired late somewhere else, not in the mood or any other of the 1000 and one reasons and excuses. You tell yourself the best way to actually start and keep doing it is to partner up with someone and pre commit to an existing our when you both jog and have to rule not to call each other prior to that event. This way, you always go because you know the other person will be waiting for you. And many times both of you might not feel like going, But you're still do it because you owe it to the other person. And for fifth and final tip on. How to boost your willpower and make better decisions is to think of your future self as an actual person. Whenever you make a bad decision that will affect your future self, but benefit your present self. If you think of him or her as an actual person, you'll think twice before making that decision. So long. Story short. Befriend your future self and understand his or her needs and wants, and take them into account whenever you make any decision. And that's about it. For boosting willpower, try practicing at least one of these tips for 30 days on a daily basis and track your results in the next video. We'll talk about motivation and how that factors in your journey to achieve your goals See you in the next video. 3. Motivation: Why it's important but not enough: motivation. I hear this word so often I think it's the only word. People are searching for a line. Everyone wants motivation, although that's one of the things they least need. Now. Don't get me wrong. I'm not hating on motivation and inspiration of values, but they are not as life changing as we give them credit. When creating the video, I remember this old mean that pretty much sums up my view on motivation. And if you look at all the people around you and even yourself, you'll find yourself guilty of this at some point or to coat 20. Robbins, who I bet everyone has heard of motivation is like taking a shower. You need it constantly, and not only once, but what's even more important. That motivation is knowing Why Why do you do what you do? And you'll be surprised how many people never take the time to answer themselves This simple question, Because if the wine is not clear, if the mission is not true to yourself, motivation will dry out so fast you'll forget you even had it in the first place. And it's not just that. It's also that we live in this I want it now frame of mind where we want everything right away. We want instant gratification. Unfortunately, the fundamental principles of nature don't work that way. Take losing weight, for example. Of course, I want to lose £20 today, but that is not possible. I have to watch my diet exercise over a period of a few weeks to start seeing consistent results. And that's the same with achieving gold. Motivation gets you started. It makes you get that gym membership, that sports equipment. But it's the habits that get you to lose weight. But we'll go into details on that topic in the next video. So it's not about being inspired and full of enthusiasm, although that certainly helps. It's about if this is truly something you want to do with all your heart. And to reach the answer to this question, you might need to ask yourself if I had everything I ever wanted. What would I do on a daily basis without pay? And if you can fit a profession around that, then you'll never have to work a day in your life because you'll be doing what you love and don't get me wrong here you're always love everything about what you do. But if the core mission of it is your passion, your true calling than it's a lot easier to stay committed and actually achieve your goals . I hope you're not disappointed that this video is not about getting you hyped in on fire, but it's more about you looking inside yourself and finding out the answer to why. But as I promised at the beginning of the course, my goal is not to get you hyped and on fire for three days and see you add another item on the list of things I could have. But I didn't. But to have this as one of the many things you did and are proud of doing. That's why in the next video we'll talk about the other core component of getting things done, having good habits, how to kill old ones for new ones and understand how the work see you in the next video 4. Habits: The secret to your success: we first make our habits than our habits make us, said English poet John Dryden. No, that's being true. For centuries, recent scientific breakthroughs have only confirmed the importance of habits in our lives. I'll start with the most obvious one habit greats an actual visible pattern in our brains. So it changes you at a molecular level. It's not thoughts alone. We'll get to that later in this video. First, let's analyze what a habit is to better understand how it works and how we can use that know how to our advantage. It has just four components. First, we have the Q than the routine, followed by the reward, and this loop is constantly being refreshed by the craving. No, let's look at this. From a practical standpoint, let's say you want to quit a bad habit, be it smoking, eating too many sweets or anything. You want a change in your life. The first step in doing so is to identify each part of the habit, identify what exactly is the true source of the craving, then very important the Q or what starts this loop. Then you have the routine, which is the easy part, and after that. The reward, knowing each part of your habits will help You better understand their causes. And it's the first step in changing them. And you might have noticed. I said, Change, not remove. And that's because, like I said at the start of the video, a habit changes your brain at a physical level and will forever be with you. It never goes away. It just lurks there, waiting to re emerge. That's why the easiest way to escape about habit is to replace it with a good one, and you do that by attacking one of the components. If you can remove the Q or craving, that's great. But if you can remove the routine, that's always the surefire way to do it, or you just remove the reward and habit will slowly disappear. I'll give you a personal example that worked for me. It might seem something simple and trivial, but it made my work days a lot more productive. So as you might assume, I spend a lot of time in front of my computer, and quite often I found myself going to lie that Facebook or sites you procrastinate on by watching a comic video or whatever. And at some point I kept finding myself typing the Urals of these websites and wasting anything from 10 to 30 minutes. And if you do that several times a day, it becomes a black hole of productivity. Knowing that habit components like you to know I thought of a solution. I couldn't tackle the craving because you do need to unplug from time to time. You can't focus Eight Hour Street. I couldn't find a way through the Q because the key was getting bored, and you can't really know ahead of time when you'll get bored. But I found the way with the reward. More precisely, I installed some chrome extensions that whenever I went to those euros, I got a message saying, Get back to work, bro. And that killed the reward because instead of a jolt of dopamine, I got get back to work, bro. At first I found myself entering this routine quite often and seeing that's different page and felt quite frustrated. But as the day passed that have it slowly but surely became inactive. Now, whenever I feel bored knowing that I have no escape on those procrastination websites, I just sit up, walk around, sometimes have a quick chat with other people in the office and then get back to work. And you can find a solution for your own bad habits by attacking any of the components. Sometimes it's easy. Sometimes it might take some time, but at least now you have the recipe. Another way to form and keep new habits is to create momentum, basically created checklist where the first items on it you are already doing on a consistent basis and have the following ones to be the things you need to do. So after completing four out of six items from your list, it will become a lot easier to finish the last two items as well. And these don't have to be huge challenges. It can be something as simple as making your bed in the morning or having that quick meeting with your team each day. Moving on to another important factor of habit creation. Timing something that's not said enough is that the best time to change habits is when a crisis appears. In fact, there are tens of studies that confirm that people change brands whenever they have a sudden change in their lives. Who would have thought that a divorce or health problem will make you change the Turgeon's and sock brands? So let's take your business. For example, if there's a procedure that you think is incomplete or useless, the time to act and change it is when a crisis is on the rise. So let's have a quick summary on how to escape bad habits. Great new ones. The first step is to understand it in order to change it. 2nd 1 create momentum and the 3rd 1 get the timing right. I hope this insight on habits will change your life for the better and get you closer to your goals. And in the next video, we'll talk about effective goal setting. See you there. 5. Goals: The framework to achieve anything: gold setting. If you're not getting things done on a consistent basis, most probably it's not, because lack of skill, effort or motivation the most probable culprits are vague, unclear goals. But before diving into the science of goal setting, I'd like to do a very simple exercise that will clarify just how important go setting is. I first heard this exercise in a training program from one of the greatest copywriters ever , Gary Ben's Venga. So close your eyes and imagine yourself on a stadium filled with people. You look around and see the intense atmosphere and wait for the game to start. Now open your eyes and let me know how many people were wearing red. More often than not, the answer is I don't know or none. So close your eyes again and imagine yourself on the same stadium. Look around for people in red, most likely your started spot, if you some close some far. But the important thing to remember is that you can now see them and even reach out to them . If you want. Same goes for your goals unless you are aware of what you want and have a clear vision of your objectives, you will never reach them, even if they are staring you right in the face. And now that we set the stage, let's dive into gold setting and how things evolved over time. One of the first few people to formalize this was Napoleon Hill and Think and Grow Rich, a book published over 70 years ago, and in the book he laid the foundation for reaching your goals in Six Simple Steps. First is to determine exactly what you want to achieve. The more details, the better someone financial success, someone better health someone acknowledgement in a certain area of expertise. And this approach works for everything. So once again, right down in detail, your goals. That was the easy part. Perhaps quite relaxing. Now comes the hard part. What are you willing to do in exchange? Obviously, there is no such thing as something for nothing, and you have to sacrifice something in order to achieve something else. If, for example, you want to get more productive, maybe you need to spend less time on social media platforms during work hours. If you want to lose weight, maybe you'll want to cut down on those mojitos after work. There is always a cost price per action, and now that we got the core part of the contract, it's time to set the date. When is the exact date when you want to achieve your goal? Adding a clear time stamp on it will make you accountable if it someday it will never happen. And, as we all know, the road of someday leads the town of nowhere. Look, I'm not judging or anything. I myself was planning to go into the training industry since five years ago and kept telling myself, I'll do that when I have some free time. And for two years I did absolutely nothing but dream about the idea those only when I literally set a deadline until I wanted to publish my first course that I started taking action towards achieving it. And this leads us the step number four having a plan. You know what you want. You know when you want it, you need to cover the how and that can involve anything from skills that you might need to get it. Resource is, you need to find in any other form of preparation the way you should tackle this is by creating a roadmap for yourself. Let's say you want to become a front end developer, and your first steps are toe. Identify. What are the required skills, then the time it will take you to get them. And what are the steps you need to go through to get from where you are to where you want to be? You create several milestones and try to set a schedule for yourself. That's realistic, and you keep at it. A lot of the times. Huge changes are not made overnight, but with small steps each day towards ago. Consistency is what get you there, not leaps. Think of it as a marathon, not a sprint. Now comes step number five having a clear statement of this plan. This is your contract with yourself that you sign and plan to honor. Write it as a professional contract printed out and then do step number six. Read it out loud at least twice a day, preferably in the morning and in the evening before you go to bed. Now this might sound as the weird step of the entire process, but it's very important. The obvious and easiest way to explain it is that if it's out of sight, it's out of mind, and it's easy to do all the five steps. Forget about the sixth and ask yourself four months later. Why have I not reached my goals yet? Because you forgot about them. But reading it daily will keep you anchored and not get too caught up in the day to day life and responsibilities. And then there's the other benefit, which is even more interesting. I think you'll agree with me that our subconscious mind has a big impact on the way we make decisions and do things. And reading the contract out loud will get your subconscious mind to play along and help you in achieving those goals. And you will experience this through ideas that you think you get out of nowhere. That's your subconscious mind working double time in the background. You witnessed this and simple things as writing a bicycle. At first you need to concentrate on keeping your balance battling, looking ahead. But once it becomes automated, you bike faster, better and can focus on something else while doing so. In fact, if you try to focus on something specific like your balance, you actually start losing it into a worse job at riding the bicycle. And that's more or less the complete recipe for gold setting and success, according to Napoleon, Help one of the founding fathers of personal development. Fast forward about 50 years, and you get the smart acronym specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time bound. We already discussed the being specific and detailed side of things so we'll jump right to the measurable part is a great man once said. If it doesn't get measured, it doesn't get done. You can't keep track of progress without having a measuring unit for it. So try to identify a way to quantify your progress towards your goals. Then comes the next step. Your goals need to be attainable because while it's OK to have big bodacious objectives, there's a big difference between a dream and a plan, and this goes hand in hand with it being realistic. Look, as you might have encountered this by now, no matter how bad you want something to happen, some things require time. Let's say I want to do a series of 100 push ups by next week, currently only being able to do 10. While the goal itself is certainly attainable, that's a very unrealistic one, because that's not the way muscles work. And no matter how much I try, how many resource is I have at my disposal, that is never going to happen. So even if they're daring and difficult to reach, make sure your goals are realistic. And for the last point, time bound. We already discussed that and how important it is to maintain yourself accountable and on track. And now that we got the concepts out of the way, let's discuss how exactly you can integrate them into your schedule. I'll go on the lam and presume your goal is something that might take a few months or years . Anything less than three is okay, go farther out and things might change along the way. You might change. Also, the best portion in which to split your efforts is on a weekly basis. Basically, have a clear outline on your progress at the end of each week and have those building blocks lead to your final objective in a few months or years. What you do day by day is totally up to you as long as at the end of the week. You've reached the milestone, so encourage you to write a clear objective for yourself before proceeding to the next. Video can even be something simple that you always wanted to achieve and never got to. And that being said, it's time to move on to our next video, which covers decision making. See you there. 6. Decision Making: Speed, Flexibility and Consistency: decision making and will cover the following what it is. Different styles of decision making and the pros and cons of each one, and most importantly, traps and risks either for individual or group decision making. So let's proceed. One of the most common mistakes is that it is seen as an event and not as a process. If we go by the dictionary definition, it's the process of selecting a choice from a range of possible options with the goal of achieving a very specific objective in the ideal way to analyze it is with the following mind frame you first prepare, then make the actual decision, and then you communicated to the relevant parties executed and then measure the results. I make adjustments depending on the feedback you get, and during this five step process, you need toe always have in mind the following criteria. First, what is your desired outcome? What is the purpose of that decision? Second, what are all the available choices saying Yes, turn option usually means saying no to all the other, so always factored that in third, when is that decision needed? Its speed important? There's taking it later. Limit your existing options. Does it save your organization from losses, or does it generate additional gains and forth? Who will that decision impact be it employees, clients, shareholders or business partners? At first, you might need to go over this sequence in a formal manner until you fully internalize it. But keeping track of these criteria will save you lots of headaches down the road. And the bigger your organization, the more important is not to overlook any of them know. Let's go over the five step process of decision making once more, but in detail. As I said, preparation is key because the more you investigate, the less you invest. Good preparation can open up more choices or can make the decision much easier and exposes your organization. The less risk, however, don't overdo it and risk paralysis by analysis where all you do is research and don't get to actually doing something about it. Or to quote General S. Patton. A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan executed next week. Maybe you can leave out the violent part when making decisions for your business, but the speed at which you decide is always a defining factor in your ability to react, market changes, customer needs and competitors strategies. After finishing the preparations side of things, you just take the decision. And here we have quite a few things to discuss because there are several approaches to doing so. First, we have the autocratic decisions, which practically are dictatorial. One man has all the power, and if he or she is a gifted visionary, that's good for your business, because decisions are good and taken fast. However, if the person at the home of your ship takes the bad decision, then you should consider having ready your life jacket because that ship can sink very fast . Another downside for autocratic decision making is that people from the ranks might feel as if their input there's a matter and will become unsatisfied with their workplace. Then we have participative decision making where it's pretty much of the autocratic one. However, the person in charge takes em. But from team leaders from a council or board of directors, this usually steals the company away from any dangers that the leader has previously being blind to. Having multiple relevant viewpoints on any problem is always a good thing, and a good way to avoid risk. The downside is that it's lowered and autocratic decision making, so unless communication in your organization is streamlined, then you might have a problem. Then we have Democratic decision making, which is the best so far, but has its flaws as well. For starters, it's slower than the previous two. Also, it has the risk of people agreeing just to conform with the group. And if you look at it closely at the end of the day, it's still a dictatorship, for the majority decides for everyone and for our last form of decision making, we have consensus. This is by far the best of the four. However, it's the hardest to implement, takes a lot of negotiating, evaluating inputs and reaching common ground. Steven Covey called this the third alternative going for win win. But if you do manage to get this right and integrated in the way you run things, the beneficial impact that has on your business is tremendous. You have more synergy with in your team's happier, more efficient workers. People feel part of a whole and get this sense of community and contributing to higher purpose, as they say big rewards come to those who solve big problems. Moving on to the third step off the decision making process. We have another important part. Communication. It boils down to just three things. Number one. What the decision was number two, Who made it and number three. Why was it made in all parties that are influenced by that decision? Need to be informed. And it's important to choose the appropriate child for each one in many cases, and email is enough. In some cases, a more personal approach might be required. So always evaluate the channel through which you communicate your decisions. For fourth step, we have execution, which I won't go into detail because it varies from company to company. In layman terms, this is about how you do things, your own procedures, and that's totally up to you. And the last step is measuring the results and impact. Your choice has an adapt if needed, and the reason why this is extremely important is because not all your decisions will be the right ones, and being able to react and get back on track can limit the damage or bad decisions can cause. And since we reached At this point, I'd like to break three popular myths about decision making. Number one, the CEO decides quite often that's who people blame when a company isn't doing well, although many of the important decisions are outside of their control, Either he or she needs to take into account internal factors, policies and input that is not public or the board decides, but long story short. The bigger the organization, the less power single man holds and the more variables that go into any decision Number two decisions are made in the meeting room at a scheduled time. This again is wrong because many come from people involved in actual work processes or after quick discussions at the water cooler. Well, it's true that they might take a formal shape during a meeting. More often than not, they come from an external need, be it work sequence market, need, a client request and so on and for our third common myth is they are highly intellectual. Although we like to believe that our decisions are logical, they are not. We make a lot of gut feeling choices, and quite often they are emotional, social and sometimes even political because At the end of the day, it's human nature to feel as much as we would like to be. A times were not robot, and we've reached the part of the video where I'd like to discuss a bit in detail the biggest problems and risks of decision making, one of which is cognitive biases. More precisely, many of our choices are not rational or even consistent with previous ones. Many studies have shown that people tend to be overconfident and might end up taking bigger risks than they initially estimated. Then comes even worse news. The sunk cost effect where after we invest significant resource is be a time or money were less willing to let it go, although it's a lost cause and we end up losing even more. Resource is you can see this problem in people who gamble. After losing a sum of money, they lose ever more trying to cover that initial loss. Don't fall into the trap of fighting to get back to zero. Then we have the recency effect where we trust more the information that is more readily available to us, and then we have one of the most common traps, which is that we are actively looking for data that supports our current views and ignore or rationalize the data that is in conflict with our beliefs. So how do you overcome all these challenges? How do you not make these mistakes? And the answer is surprisingly simple. Step number one Be aware of them. Simple is that if you know there are traps on the road ahead, you thread carefully and avoid most of them. Step number two. Don't disregard feedback and take your time with it. In fact, welcome negative feedback and opinions that contradict your own and step number three. Make candor part of your company culture, but none of the people that promoted most. This candor element is Jack Welch, who many consider one of the best CEOs of the century. He links this attributes to all successful companies that are looking for fast, sustainable growth, the ability to fully express yourself and give feedback, even if negative without people feeling hurt, oppressed or personally attacked. And before we wrap this up, I'd like to talk to those that are not a one man show but part of a bigger team. Here's the good news group decisions are more often than not better than individual. And in fact, a study on the TV show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire found that 91% of the answers by the audience were correct. Staggering. However, in order for group decisions to be effective, they need to have these two important characteristics. For starters, the group needs to be diverse. Different cultures, disciplines, perspectives, expertise. Then you need to have independence. The candor I was referring to earlier people don't need to feel the need to conform, because if they do, then you go into group Think Something studied by psychologists Irving Yanis. And if I were to simplify all his life work in one sentence, people will go along to get along. And if your team is suffering from groupthink, then you get all the problems of group decision making and none of the benefits. That's why it's your responsibility to stimulate conflict and debate and not conflict, as in violence and personal attacks, but different points of view. So I'll end this decision making video with one important note. Don't overstress about always making the right decisions each and every time focus more on correcting bad ones when possible and always improve this be that which you make choices while at the same time aiming for consensus within your organization. In next video, we'll talk about your comfort zone. And how do we, you see things is not always the way things really are. See you in the next video. 7. Comfort Zone: How it's both a blessing and a curse: your comfort zone. I know you've heard this expression countless times until now, with the classic circle example you having to constantly walk outside it to expand your limits. And while that's OK, it's just approximation of the concept. Have you ever tried to look at it as a thermostat? And whenever the temperature is higher than what you're used to, you become uncomfortable. And the main difference between this and the first model is that there are two ends of the continuum. Let's take sales as an example. If you are used to generating 100 sales a month, you will become uncomfortable. If it's the 20th and you only made 10 sales, you will work harder, struggle and eventually get quite close to that reference number of 100. However, the thermostat works both ways. If it's the 20th and you have 90 sales, you'll relax. Work last and in some ways self sabotage yourself and finish the month with about the same 100 sales. Although you could have had significantly more by just maintaining your temple long story short. Your comfort zone can help you reach objectives, but just as much it can limit you from reaching your full potential. Many called us your map of reality, basically what you consider normal. If you think it's normal to exercise each day and that is part of your map of reality, you will constantly do it even if you skipped some days from time to time. However, if you consider exercising as something difficult, that's hard for you to reach. Odds are you will never exercise on a regular basis. James Human, the founder of the Pace organization Personal and Company Effectiveness, calls this the self fulfilling prophecy. How you expect an event to happen has a very big impact on how it will actually happen. Your perception of things has a very big role in how you experience them. So now that you know that, you might be wondering, how do you change your view of things and have a more precise and closer to reality map of how things are? And to understand that you need to understand how your map is formed and how it can be flawed without you even knowing it. In the book called Release Your Brakes, author James New One gives the example of a little girl and how our opinion of spinach was created before she ever ate any. One day she goes to a friend's house to play, and later in the day, her friends Mom calls them down for dinner. But her friend tells her she'd better leave because they're having spinach and it's awful. So if you can take a second and visualize this imaginary scale of her opinion of spinach, she just added a small pebble to the I Hated Side. Few days later, at home in the kitchen, her mother asks her dad if he wants spinach or broccoli for dinner Into That answers broccoli. Our little girl immediately thinks that her father probably hate spinach as well, not knowing that he had it earlier in the day. So when her mom asks her if she wants spinach or broccoli, she says broccoli because she hates spinach. When her mother insists she has spinach, even more pebbles are added to the I hate spinach side of the scale, so without even eating it once, she already hates it with a passion. Same happens with you and I. We form opinions of reality based on some flawed event, and during our lifetime we keep seeing things in a way that confirms our existing beliefs and keep adding stones on what could be the wrong side of our scale of perception. So now that you saw how easily you can form a flawed perception of how things are, how do you work around this and fix it well, the first step is to understand how it works. And we did just that and also knowing that you're the only one who is in charge of basing those pebbles. Nobody else. You are the one who chooses to get angry or happy. Nobody else has that power until you grasp the true personal power you possess and stop placing it in other people's opinions, perceptions and actions. You will never be able to take control of your map of reality and the steps in which the map has generated our perception. When you first experience something association, you try to find a place where it fits in your existing map evaluation. You compare it to other beliefs and make the final assessment on where you will add your pebbles on that scale. And then comes the decision where you create the attitude towards that new experience. So how do you change an existing belief that you think is flawed and that is giving you grief? And this process is called constructive imagination, and it all starts when you feel you have some unfulfilled potential. That feeling that you conduce more in an area of your life, be it better interpersonal skills but her coding skills. Everyone has something, and everyone thinks they can do better in some areas that they currently aren't. And the releasing or breaking dimension to all unfulfilled potential is emotion. How you feel about something, and usually there's a limiting emotion, be it disgust, anger, fear that limits you from doing the things you could be doing. So how exactly does this constructive imagination even work? So the first step is to identify where you have unfulfilled potential. Then you need to clearly define your current emotion towards the area you want to improve. Can be frustration, anger, fear, boredom. It usually is a limiting belief, and then think of what you want your new emotion towards it to be and how that will improve your life. What benefits will it bring? You don't be scared of. In some cases, that change of attitude will have disadvantages as well. That's perfectly normal in all. Share an example, so you get a better understanding of how to use things. So far, let's say you want focus more on a single task, but you often feel that your mind just wanders off. And although you're trying, you can't concentrate. Then ask yourself how important it is for you to maintain good concentration. And when do you want to do so? Then you need to clearly define concentration. What does it mean to you? And you might say that it's difficult willpower activity, something you can only do if you work really hard at it. Remember, this needs to be your own personal definition, not addiction. Everyone now think of a new emotion you want to associate with concentration, be it excitement, eagerness, enthusiasm. You can also use metaphors like effortlessly as a child playing video games. And now comes the fourth and most important part of constructive imagination, designing verbal affirmations for each area that you want to change your attitude towards. The purpose of these affirmations is the seven demotion, the experiencing of the kind of behavior which the information represents in your imagination and the feeling of the emotion which you wish to cultivate. I know a mouthful. Remember, your information's needn't be true or false. They are tools with which you will build a more accurate self image. They will not describe your present behavior, but they will reflect a more valid image of your real potential. And the wording is very important. So here are 10 rules for designing your verbal affirmations. Number one. It needs to be personal. Make sure it's about you. Number two. It needs to be positive and empowering. Number three. It needs to be written in the present tense. If it someday, it will always be some day. Number four needs to include an achievement, an objective of some sort. Number five needs to be categorical and comparing with yourself, not others. Number six. It needs to represent an action number. Seven. It must have excitement in it. High positive emotion Number eight. In the areas where you can measure it, accuracy and balance are a must number. Nine. Be realistic. Do not affirm perfection. Avoid words like always perfect complete in number 10. It needs to involve yourself on Lee. Never right. Information like people like me. People respect me because that puts the responsibility and control outside yourself, a problem many face when saying their informations is that they think of them as lying. Well, the way you need to look at these affirmations is as if they were tools. You don't look at a wrench or a accent. Say is a true or false, because that would be a nonsense question. And now we come to the fifth and last stage of constructive imagination. Tipping that scale told the side we want and in a way, reprogramming our attitude towards an area of life. And the actual process of depositing those positive inputs has the least amount to do with the verbal side of the information's. The important part is the experiencing one. So let's say you want to concentrate more well, when you say something like, I want to concentrate easier and not get distracted as often. You should be experiencing a moment when you are writing code or whatever you do at a rapid speed, and you just feel immersed in that activity and get this extremely rewarding sense of achievement and progress. So remember, this is the role of the affirmations not actually saying them, but doing them in your imagination. And the effect will be that these new patterns will supersede old ones, and all you have to do now is read them daily or whenever you find the time, not necessarily out loud, but to yourself and visualize them with emotion. Otherwise, they won't work. And that's about it for your comfort zone, how it works, how to overcome limiting beliefs and ultimately get more done. This was the last concept covered in this section of management of self. In the next video will do a quick summary of what we cover so far mentioning the key takeaways, and then move on to a section about your patterns and take a look at several techniques and practices that will help you greatly increase your work output without increasing the time spent working. See you in the next section 8. Key Takeaways: key takeaways. So this entire section was about management of self. We started out with strategies to boost your willpower, discussing things like meditation, the pause in plan response, forgiving yourself and also burning down your ships and pre committing. Then we covered motivation and the importance of answering. Why do you want to achieve a certain goal in order to make sure it's what you really want and not just a placeholder for a totally different need? We then went over habits creation because, as the saying goes, motivation gets you started. Habits keep you going. We identify the core components of habits, discussing the cue, the routine, the reward. And let's not forget the craving and how that in order to replace or quit a bad habit, you need to attack one of the four parts. Or that you can easily for new habits by building momentum with existing ones and also the importance of timing and why it's best to implement changes in your life or within your company and moments of crisis. Then we went directly to how to set effective goals either the Napoleon Hell way or using the more modern smart methodology. And after gold setting. We moved our focus, the decision making and how to avoid common traps in order to minimize risk and maximize results. Then we went over the final part of management of self your comfort zone, discussing also your reality map and how your perception of things can be flawed. And what are the steps, the fix, that using constructive imagination and coming up. Next, we have your battle plan where we go over the steps I recommend you take in order to get the most out of this course and go from knowing to doing. 9. Your Battle Plan: your battle plan. Okay, So step number one has to do with you identifying your wife. Why are you doing this in the first place? What do you want to achieve? What is your drive? You need a strong Why? In order to not give up in three days from now. And ideally, you should have this written down somewhere or haven't object or anything that you can see every day. That reminds you of your goal so you don't get distracted with everyday living. Step number two has to do with your willpower creating cabinets and motivation. And you do this by slowly integrating habits in your life that will empower you. Because the thing would motivation is not to be motivated when everything is going according to plan, but to be motivated when everything isn't. It's about moving forward when you don't want to. And the only way you do that is by building up your willpower and you already know the methods. Now all you have to do is integrating your life at least one new habit and keep it for a minimum of 30 days until it becomes part of your routine. And this has been proven to work over and over again. In fact, I just recently lessened to a Bruce Lee podcast focused around the mantra walk on, which he used to get back to perfect health after the accident that had him bedridden for close to a year, and doctors telling him that he will never be able to practice martial arts ever again and not even walk normally. So pick one. Either meditate for 15 minutes each day, go to the gym, start running every morning, work on that side project you've been putting off for 30 minutes each evening. Whatever you do besides the fact that you'll get something done, you'll be training your willpower muscles, and you have to be careful here. Not over exercised that muscle, because in many ways it's like going to the gym. You want to be able to keep going. No. Go once, strain an ankle or something because you over pushed yourself and then not go for another six months. You want consistent effort, and yes, you might experience some discomfort at first, but remember why you're doing this in the first place. So if you let's say, decided to exercise 20 minutes each morning. Then you might consider starting toe work on that side project for 30 minutes each evening . Keep building on these habits and you'll be amazed by how much more you will get done with consistent effort. And the good part is that the more you do it, the less difficult it becomes to get yourself in the mood or habit to do it. And I'd like to quickly explain this principle of release velocity that might help you better understand how it all works. Imagine a rocket launch. Most of the energy is spent in those initial moments until it gets far enough from the gravitational pull of the Earth. To build a better self, you need to get away from the pool of your current self that will want things to stay the way they are right now. The further you go, the easier it will be to execute those habits and actions that will get you to your goals. Also, remember that you will fail at some point, and I, Sylvester Stallone said in Rocky, it's about how hard you can get hit and keep moving forward. How much can take and keep moving forward. That's how winning is done. That being said, I want to thank you for watching discourse. I hope it brought you value. But more than that, I hope you use everything I said in it and get results. Now go take action and achieve your goals.