Book Arts: Recyled Material Cover Stab Binding | Daniela Mellen | Skillshare

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Book Arts: Recyled Material Cover Stab Binding

teacher avatar Daniela Mellen, Artist & Author

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (31m)
    • 1. Class Intro

    • 2. Class Supplies

    • 3. Examples of Covers

    • 4. Making the Cover

    • 5. Making the Pages

    • 6. Making A Template for Binding

    • 7. Piercing the Pages

    • 8. Sewing the Binding

    • 9. Embellishing the Book

    • 10. Class Wrap Up

    • 11. Bonus Class: Inside my Bookbinding Kit

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About This Class

Stab Binding is a form of bookbinding where a few stitches are sewn on the spine to create a simple, yet artistic book. In this class, we'll reuse packaging to create interesting and unexpected covers for our journal.

Look no further than your cupboards or recycle bin for some beautiful packaging. We'll create a book and you customize it to the size, form, and page material that you like. 

I'll show you techniques using common objects to create your book, as well as some bookbinding tools that you can use as well. This class is a great way to start making a handmade book that you can customize with embellishments. I also show a peek inside my own bookbinding kit and how I store my supplies.

Meet Your Teacher

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Daniela Mellen

Artist & Author


I'm an artist and author living in coastal Florida and surrounded by plants, animals, marine life, and the warm sun - all things that inspire me.

I am drawn to creating things and love to get lost in projects. Each day is a opportunity to learn something new, build on existing skills, and branch out to new ones. I was formally trained as a educator which is my passion and incorporating art into teaching makes my life complete.

I upload art classes every Friday, here on Skillshare. You'll see handmade books, memory keeping, watercolor, acrylic paint, unique art supplies, and photography composition. Thanks for joining me and I look forward to seeing your work.

Check out my blog for additional info on my website or my YouTube Channel for additional c... See full profile

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1. Class Intro: Hello. I'm Daniella Melon, author and artist here in skill share. Thanks for joining me for my class Book Arts Recycled material Cover Stab Journal Today's classes for beginning bookbinders. We'll use easy to find materials to make our book covers and no paper for the pages. I'll show you some binding tools like a Japanese screw punch finding needles and paper drills, but suggest alternatives that you probably already own. I'll walk you through each step of the process and demonstrate a four whole book that is made from a fun Children's toy packaging. But you can use other materials as well, and I'll show you some ideas in class. Bookmaking is a fun art that allows you to choose all aspects of your journal from the size of format to the colors and the types of paper you use. I've included a sneak peek into my own bookbinding kit and a quick chapter on embellishing . You're finished journal. For your class project, create a book using the binding method shown in class. Select your choice of cover pages and thread and make your original book art. Please take a photo of your work and posted in the project section. Be sure to follow me here on skill share to get notified of future classes. And please consider leaving your review. Thanks for joining me. 2. Class Supplies: here the materials that will need for our class today I find a paper cutter is very helpful with straight edge to cut our pages. If you don't have this, you can use a pair of scissors. It just takes longer. A bone photo folder to mark our creases here. I haven't all you can use a thumb tack or pushpin, I guess as well, but in all has just a little more of a point on it. It helps to pierce the paper and create holes in our pages, a needle with a wide enough I that you could get your thread through thread. You can use hemp. You can use embroidery flaws. This is waxed thread, and you can use any sewing needle that you could fit your thread through and that will fit through the holes in our book. They do sell binding needles, and you can use those. They have a wide I and it kind of a blunt tip, but almost any needlework. You'll need a pair of scissors, a ruler and a pencil, and then you'll need something for pages for our book, I find depending on the size book that I make, I can get. I can use a no pad with very light pages very nicely. I can use index cards. Those make very nice pages as well, and they have a little more body or just standard colored paper. You can use white paper you can use even use card stock. The paper being lighter than card stock is easier to work with and makes holes very easily . Card stock requires a little more more effort, and lastly, for a recycled cover, you'll need some packaging material. Here I have a raisin box, a box of little Candies. Even a tissue box has beautiful edges and beautiful patterns that you make a nice cover. Just choose a color that you really like. And the packaging is very stiff. It's it's Ah, hard cardboard makes for a nice cover. 3. Examples of Covers: for our recycled materials book arts. I want to show you some of the books that I made just what's reusing some products around the house. So these were gonna make a stab binding for all of our journals. And then they're just little modifications you can do to it for this one. I use the candy, the sugar babies. I had a box. Then I added colored paper that coordinated with the box top hard piece of cardboard for the end and then just some beads. As a trim from the other side of the box, I made a much smaller little journal again. I kept with the theme of the red and yellow and then the stab binding with a little bit more of a decorative touch breakfast pastry. So here I have the little box. I used a red and white wine because it coordinated with the fund color. And then I have some jello printed pages inside for goldfish. I took the another a carton of the goldfish. It kind of looks like a milk carton. It's a little sturdier than the bag that they sell, and I just created some pages white and orange, that coordinate with the cover again. I did stab binding for both this one. I just used some wax thread. And here I have some neon orange ribbon thin enough to really look cute with that. And so that's the book. Besides, from a six pack of beer I found, I thought this was very pretty cover. So I again coordinated the paper to the cover. And then I flatten some bottle caps, which I thought was a cute little charm on the front. And over here, I can put the date and the theme of the book. Here I have a bar of soap sold in a box. Um, lavender. So I stuck in some very cute lavender paper as well. This is the top, um, loading. I should say it opens up on some beads on the spine. Here is the same bar of soap, which was in a different configuration, so it can go to the side as well. Again. I use that lavender paper, and I just use some wax thread for the spine. 4. Making the Cover: in the previous chapter. We went over the materials that I bound the books with the box of soap in the six pack cardboard, the box of crackers and breakfast pastry. But there are some other products you can use as well if you have a tissue box. Sometimes he's coming really quite beautiful patterns, and they're all different sizes. You can make long ones. You can cut it down. Um, whatever you see fit, there's more candy. Those are always very impressive colors, and they made a lot of various effort was put into making these very attractive covers. What a great way to reuse that into a book. Here's the bar soap, the box that the So comes in these air the journals that I made from it, from the A portrait configuration and then in the backside. There's the landscape, so that's kind of a fun way. You can make this into a little journal bar of chocolate. It is a nice little rapper. It's a cardboard wrapper. And who doesn't love chocolate? To make a great journal, you can use brown pages inside or whatever you like as you see fit. Here is the six pack holder. Um, I just love this yellow color, and so it can work around that, um, can either use the image here. I can use the entire image or just parts of it, So that's a fun way to reuse some materials. And lastly, I couldn't resist this Hot Wheels rapper. I just thought, What a fantastic book cover for? Maybe a little boy can just cut it out here and fill it. You can fill it with images of cars or give it It's a little journal for the boy to write in. So the first thing you want to do is break down any of our packaging. So I opened it up, make sure it's clean, and then I remove any tabs and I find a shape that I like. So here I am left with this. I can take this off or leave it on. Leave it on for the box, and then with the tissue box, I'll break that down and cut the pieces to salvage what pieces I could use for cover. - Then , with this little car packaging, I'll remove the car in the clear packaging and see how much of the actual blue label I can salvage. So here we have some of the pieces we salvaged from cutting up our packaging. We got quite a bit from the six pack. Not sure what I'll do with it. Beer is an interesting thing, but the colors are quite beautiful on these. The snow caps. I kept this attached in case I want to use it as a booklet, so I'll save that for another project. Um, the chocolate bar came out really nice. So if I have two pieces here, the Reese is I have to I kept the side piece for now. I'm not sure if I will remove that or somehow work that in. And then from our tissue box, we got quite a few pieces. Leslie, we have our car here with a beautiful brute flu color, yellow and red. I think we can work with this 5. Making the Pages: So once we have the packaging cut down to the size we like and here I salvaged as much as the packaging as I could to create a bigger book. The first thing you want to do is take your measurements. So I've measured this to be, um, four and 1/4 by three and 6/16. So now we want to cut our pages. So on my paper cutter, I'm gonna mark those two measurements. So start with three and six. Here's just a piece of washi tape and I'm gonna market on my cutter so that since I'm cutting multiple pages, it'll be easy for me to spot so three and 6/16. So bring my paper right to that edge and four in 1/4. And this tape could easily be removed later, so this makes it very easy for me. The next thing to do is to decide on the paper and going to use from because this is a small I can just salvage some of this paper from a small pad, so I'll just tear out some of the sheets. And because it's paper, I can cut multiple sheets at a time. And then I'll just find my measurements foreign quarter. And I'll continue doing this with all the paper that I want to cut. I have cut some here and because of the cover I one of the beauties of making your own books and you can tailor it because of the blue and the yellow. I wanted to use those colors as well. So I took some card stock and just cut a few pages of yellow. And then I have my white paper. And then I took some blue card stock for the back. If you want, you could take a piece of, um, book board and make the back, but I don't feel it's necessary for this book. So here I have my book in the next stage is gonna be the work on punching the holes. 6. Making A Template for Binding: What I want to do is set up. My book is need as possible, and then I need to clip it in place. You can use bulldog clips here. I just use some binder clips. It's small enough, and I have some scrap paper, and the scrap paper predict protects the sides here from the pressure of the clips. So I just took the paper and I put the clip on top of the paper. There we go. So now I want to punch my holes. So what I did was I took one piece of the paper from the book, and I'm making that as a template. Let's cut to the exact size that I need. I even included my measurements on it because I saved my templates to use for future work. And then I put a mark at the quarter inch border, and then I just created four lines. You can space them, however, you look like you could space them evenly. I space them about an inch from the top and then 3/4 of an inch from each of those marks. The next thing to do is will be to transfer the marks to our book 7. Piercing the Pages: So now I put my template right on top of my top of my book, and I clipped in place so it doesn't move around. Then I took just a cutting board and just a little rag here. So to keep it from moving and I'm gonna taken all and here it isn't a little protective sheath. You can also use a pushpin for this, and I'm gonna find the exact spot where the line intersects with the border. And I'm gonna create holes on all of them for where I want to drill my holes after I create my initial holes. As you can see, there's a little bit of indented the top layer. I'll turn it around and I'll make deeper holes. And here's another view where I take the drily all and I go down into the pre drilled holes . They all just takes a little bit of work. And you just finagle the whole to the with that you need it and the depth you want to make sure you're going through all your pages equally. There are some other methods as well. You can use this little paper drill here they come in various widths of the whole and you just line up your book Could see the blade drops you line of your book in line up the whole appropriately, and then you just turn this repeatedly and it drills through the entire book. And when you're done, you have a very nice clean hole. So that is one method. You can take apart the pages as well. And because we drill the holes, we press the holes with the all we have. Ah, guide. So we just want to keep them in order the pages in order, we'll start with a cover. The other method is to use a Japanese screw punch which looks like this. It has the blade on the center here. And what you do is you line that up with your whole actually foot this over, since I know where my whole is and was even pressure you just pushed down and it creates a beautiful hole. The drawback to this is that you only can do a few pages at a time. You could also use a standard hole punch and here I have a heavy duty one that cuts up to 20 pieces of page paper at a time. The whole is a little bigger than the ones we were using. So I'm not gonna use this today, but it certainly is a valid option. So I'm gonna go and drill the pages, the remaining holes, and then we'll get back to binding her book. - So now going with my all just clear out any holes. There we go. Next stage will be to so our book. 8. Sewing the Binding: now to so our book we need to decide. I want thread and needles to use for the needle. I like to use a doll needle or a big yarn needle, but I But I always make sure that the head of the eat needle the eye of the needle would fit through the hole uninterrupted. So once I have that, I choose the largest needle I can use. And this is this is a nice one to use. Then I just decide on the threat I want here. I just have some regular waxed thread and I can use this, although the color isn't what I want. And so I'm gonna use some hemp cord and it's not waxed. So I have some bees wax here that I get in the sewing section and I'll just run my cord through it after I choose my length. So now to take my cord. What I'd like to do is I do 4.5 lengths of the spine that I'm going to use here that the height of the spine, so one to free four and we'll just do five. I like to be a little generous, and I'll have some left over when I'm completed when my work is completed, Um, I don't want to run out of thread as unbinding. So to use the wax, the bees wax. I just take my cord and I pulled it down here, and then I just run it through the bees wax. This prevents it from getting tangled up when I'm sewing, Then I'll thread my needle. I don't have to make a nod, and I just want to bring the needle far enough down that it's not going to get caught, but it's also not gonna slide out of the thread. So to start with here I have my book. I'm gonna go, therefore holes that we punched, I'm gonna go on my second hole and I'm gonna start somewhere in the center of the book. It doesn't have to be perfect. If you'd like to count it out, you sure can with pages. But I'm just gonna choose a section and I'm gonna bring my needle up through the top half of that section. And then I'm gonna leave a tale that I'll tuck inside the book here. If I want, I can take out the back here because I just trying to hold the book in place. I have already drilled my holes, so it's not as serious as when I was drilling my hold on, not worried at the paper, moving too much, and I'll just pull that thread to the end. So I came out the top. I'm gonna go around the bottom of the same hole that we just created, and I'm gonna pull my thread through trying to keep it taut. Not overly so, but not loose. And I'm trying when I'm threading through it that I am not threading into the thread that I've already put there and I'll continue that rule for the rest of the holes. So now I'm gonna move to the left. And since my threat is on top, I'm gonna go down into the hole, pull it somewhat taught, go up and around into the whole again. So now in the front, I have three pieces showing, and on the back there's one bear piece. I'm gonna take that thread and go around the side top of the book, and I'll go back into that hole that we created the first time. So now we have two hooks on the side of the book and two straight lines through this parallel to the spine. When I flip over the book, that empty spot that we had before is ready for us to come right through all the way to the top of that second hole again. Now I'm gonna take my thread and go to the right and go down. I'll go all the way up in around and again. I'm pulling it taut and just keeping an eye on the threat as I go, I came out the bottom leaving a blank spot here. So I'm gonna go up the next hole. The last hole, our fourth hole and my thread is getting closer to the book. So I'm going to just pull that needle up on inch or so gonna go around the book again and through the top again, pulling it taut. Then I'm gonna go around the base of the book through that same hole. And if the thread slides to the center, that's not a problem, because could be very gentle and work it to the side of the book. Gonna pull it talk. So I came out the top, so I'm gonna go down through this whole towards the center again. So now if I look at the back of my book, I have everything set up except for one. And this is the hole that we came in. So at this point, I'll remove my clip, and now I'm gonna go in that hole. But I want to find the pot spot that I have the original thread through, because now I'm gonna go into that hole, and when I come out, I'm not gonna come out the top like I had previously. I'm gonna try and come out the section that we put the thread in. So they go in that hole and I just finagle the needle until I can see it. And then I bring it out the whole if I may, and I'm gonna pull that needle through. So now we can remove the needle and I have my thread. Before I nodded off, though, I want to just go make sure that the threat is taught enough around the sections. If it's not, I'll just pull it, find where it's a little loose, and then try and just compensate. So from here, I'm gonna make a double knot. It's the one not and I pull it and then we'll make a second. Not at this point. All trim the ends, pull my thread talk and just trim the ends. I'll take my ends and took them to the sides. When we come back, we'll work on embellishing the book. 9. Embellishing the Book: Now, as for embellishing the book, um, you it's not necessary. And not all books lend themselves to it, but it's totally optional. In this case. We already have the spine and the colored paper that coordinates with the cover. So that kind of gives an interesting look. If I want to embellish it more, I might use some beads here. I have some letter beads that spell room like a car moving, and I might use that, Um, here I have a book made from the chocolate bar. And so I was. I found some of these chocolate looking buttons I might put those on at some point, as I showed earlier. We have the bottle of beer with on the cover, so the bottle caps kind of made a fun coordinating embellishment. Here we have Justin colored beads and more beads on our little lavender soap booklet. However, a lot of them don't really require embellishment. It's the beauty of the spine, the beauty of the unexpected covers that really make this work. So that's kind of totally up to you. It's a fun touch if I want to add the embellishment, though off thread all my beads right onto my string here, and I put a larger beat on the bottom toe. Hold it in place, and I'll just add my letter beads and a top speed here as well. And I cannot it if I want, or I could just leave it. So it's kind of free flowing. I think I'll leave it free flowing. And then I just slipped, not slipped a thread into one of these loops. Probably choose the top thread here. The top, um, spot on the spine. Pick it up a little bit so I can slide it underneath. And then I'll just ty and not after I find the length that I want to haven't drape Drape, make it a little higher. And just like that, I'll double knot it and clip this. And there we have our book with all our pages inside 10. Class Wrap Up: So I hope you'll try your hand at one of these books and post your work in the project section. Or if you're on instagram, be sure to tag me and I'll take a look at your work and leave a comment. You sure to follow me here on skill share and please consider leaving your review. Thanks for watching. 11. Bonus Class: Inside my Bookbinding Kit: So here's a peek inside my bookbinding toolkit. I keep everything in an oversized makeup case just because it's convenient and there are pockets and I'll show you that at the end. I have my paper drill here with a drill bit, but I have multiple drew drill bits. I do not store them with the drill bit inside, however, I wanted to show you what it was like, Um, what it looks like when it's complete. And this is the just the drill bit and the drill. I have my binding clips, and I always keep my scrap paper attached to them as well. This makes it convenient. I get a lot of use out of the scrap paper at last me for months. Here's the Japanese screw punch that we used in class today. I have a handheld, small hold hole punch, which punches about 5 to 10 sheets at a time. The paper drill that we used from class with a very small hole and I still have some paper caught in there. I have a heavy duty hole punch with a larger whole that I use to cut. It cuts about 20 sheets of paper at a time which is very handy. So I keep this in my kit as well. I have different types of thread. I just keep a couple in my main kit, and then I have another box of separate thread that I use. And I also keep uncensored ID dental floss so I don't get the cinnamon or the experiment kind. These was just a NWA axed mental loss. It's very adorable for bookbinding. I have my bone folder here. These air extra bits for the Japanese screw punch, different sizes heat my bees wax my corner rounder, and I keep my needles in a little tub. Here I go through needles. I bend them, I break them off, so I'm always replenishing my supply. I also keep a box cutter in Here is Well, this makes it handy when I'm cutting heavy cardboard, a little pair of slippers for cutting threads. I have a rotary blade that I only use for paper. I keep that in my kid as well. I have my all that came with the protector, and then I have a couple of other alls that I keep on Cork's just for my own protection. And then Lastly, this is an unusual one. But, um, it's for cutting dogs toenails. I find it's helpful if I'm cutting a heavy stick or a dowel on this way. I'm not ruining my scissors or I don't have to go hunt for a larger drill. And here is how I store everything in my bag. There's a spot for place. Everything fits nicely and easily locate things as I need them.