Beginners Guide To Portrait Drawing | Mima's Artwork | Skillshare

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Beginners Guide To Portrait Drawing

teacher avatar Mima's Artwork, Artist and Illustrator

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

19 Lessons (1h 31m)
    • 1. Introduction Video

      1:58
    • 2. Getting To Know The Graphite Pencils

      3:56
    • 3. Learn How To Sketch And Hold Your Pencils

      3:58
    • 4. How To Blend Your Graphite Pencils

      1:25
    • 5. Erasers And How To Use Them

      2:28
    • 6. How To Sketch The Eyes

      6:00
    • 7. How To Draw The Eyelashes And The Eyebrows

      3:47
    • 8. Shading The Eye

      7:03
    • 9. How To Sketch The Lips

      4:16
    • 10. How To Shade The Lips

      7:54
    • 11. How To Sketch The Nose

      5:22
    • 12. Shading the nose

      6:48
    • 13. How To Draw The Hair

      5:28
    • 14. Basic Face Proportion

      6:43
    • 15. Sketching The Reference

      6:01
    • 16. Shading The Reference

      6:42
    • 17. Shading The Hair

      6:08
    • 18. Shading The Background

      3:53
    • 19. End video

      0:51
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About This Class

Starting to draw and not knowing where to start can be a bit frustrating for beginners and- we all been there and I know how it feels. So, my main goal for this class is to make your beginning steps much easier! 

Drawing and art in general is the most beautiful thing in the world, whether you would just like to do it as a hobby or you are aiming towards a career in art. 

When it comes to art, the possibilites are endless, there are no right or wrong way or direction in art but there are certain steps that you need to go through in order to be able to choose one or a couple of directions in which you want to go when it comes to your skills, style, etc. 

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That is why I wanted to create this class for you, hoping that it will help you out when it comes to your artistic growth and progress.

The steps are very easy so you would be able to follow it along at your own pace. 

What You'll Learn:

  • Materials: You will learn soe very basic things about graphite pencils, how to use them, erasers and how to use them, blending materials, papers, etc.
  • Sketching: You will learn how to sketch face features- lips, eyes, noses, hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, and face proportion.
  • Shading: You will learn how to shade face features.
  • Sketching the reference: You will learn how to transfer your reference onto the paper.
  • Shading the reference: You will learn how to shade your reference by using all the tips you previously learned in this class.
  • Finishig touches: You will learn how to finish your drawing by adding some finishing touches such as highlights, flyaway hairs, contrast, etc.

Art Supplies

What you will need for this class are the following materials:

  • Paper: Bristol paper. Preferably heavy weight, up until 270gr. I would reccomend Strathmore Bristol 300 series.
  • Pencils: I would reccomend having varieties of pencils, from H to 8b at least for the practice. I mostly used Faber Castell graphite pencils. 
  • Blenders: You would also need blenders for this class. I would suggest getting the tissues, blending stumps, tortillions or cotton buds.
  • Erasers: You would need the erasers such as: kneaded eraser, pencil eraser or mono zero eraser. 

Class Details:

In this class, you will learn about following topics:

  • art materials and how to use the properly
  • how to draw face features
  • basic face proportion 
  • how to draw a portrait from the reference

Art materials and how to use them properly. This is a very important step before you dive into any project. Take your time and experiment with your art materials. In this class I shared with you many ways of using the graphite pencils, the right way to hold your pencil, how to get varieties of shades with one pencil, how to use the erasers and the varieties of erasers. In order to improve, you have to really get to know the materials you are using and to have the complete control over the materials you are using and we will get to that stage in this class.

How to draw face features. This is something very difficult for beginners. In this class we are going to go through some very basic steps on how to sketch, draw and shade face features. You will get a better understanding of each and every one of them and you will learn how to sketch different fors of noses, lips, eyes, face shapes, etc.

Basic face proportion. A lot of beginners are having trouble with this and they are mostly petrified when they try drawing the face so in this class we are going to work on that fear, getting rid of it, understanding the basic face proportion, how you can tweak it and correct it as you go and realizing the simplicitu of it and that there is no reason to be stuck, scared or to block yourself when it comes to drawing basic face proportion. 

How to draw a portrait from the reference. Getting the likeness of your drawing and the reference is something most people are having some trouble with, so in this class we are going to go through various ways on how you can improve your sketching skills and getting the likeness of your drawing that you prefer. We would also go through the shading process and some finishing touches which can also improve your drawing skills.

Start Creating. I would like to encourage you to start creating today! Engage with other students, share your work with the students all around the world since we all have the same goal here, so start being confident in yourself and share your creativity with the world.

 

Meet Your Teacher

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Mima's Artwork

Artist and Illustrator

Teacher

Hi guys! Thank you for coming across my profile! :)

My name is Milica Millie Jovanov, I am the artist behind Mima's Artwork.

Art was always the biggest passion in my life. I have been working as an artist and illustrator for the past three years. 

I am mostly known for my vibrant colored pencils drawings and my style which is something in between realism and stylized portraits. Traditional art is something that inspires me the most, so I love to experiment with different mediums like colored pencils, graphite pencils, charcoal, pastels, watercolors, as well as to combine them. Apart from art, sharing my knowledge with the world and with people who want to learn some new things when it comes to drawing and painting is also my biggest passion in... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction Video: Hi everyone, welcome to my first Skillshare class. My name is Emily and the artists behind me once hours work and I'm so, so happy to have you with me here today. So I'm sure that a lot of beginner artists, they have struggles when it comes to drawing these features. They also have struggles when it comes to getting the gods proportion of the face, getting the right shape of the eyes, noses and lips. And we all been there. We all struggled with getting a good base proportions and getting the good faith drawing in the beginning. So this class contains basically everything that you need to know from the beginning until the end. And if you follow this with me step-by-step, sure that by the end of this class, you will be able to get some really, really awesome results. So in this class we're gonna go through some really important things, such as the quality of your lines, picking up the right graphite pencils, learning how to sketch and older pencils properly, the varieties of erasers and blenders, as well as how to use them, will have various practices when it comes to drawing and shading face features. Then sketching phase of the eyes, noses, and lips. Once we're finished with that, what I'm going to go through shading certain phase features and also are done with all of that. What I'm going to go through, putting all these practices together by learning how to get a good phase proportion. And in the end, who are going to create own quadrotor drawing, which we're going to sketch and shade together. So a part of learning how to draw faces, each and every lesson is actually filled with various steps and encouragement. So I would really, really like to encourage you of picking up your pencil and start drawing this with me. Because by the end of this class, I'm sure that your confidence will improve so much more when it comes to drawing portraits and drying in general. So I'm really, really excited for this class. And if you wanted to, please pick up your pencils, and we can start with our first lesson. 2. Getting To Know The Graphite Pencils: This lesson is very important because going through it, you will understand better what's different pencils can do, and also what values you can get with some of them. I used to be in nine BNF for this practice, you can choose this one if you have them or any other graphite pencils that you currently have. Once you have your pencils near you, we can start with our practice. First. We're going to start with to be and just started by pulling some lines, see the quality of those lines. That then you can layer your pencil by pressing your pencil a bit harder there, just so you could see the actual value of the pencil and finish it off. Pulling a couple of lines with the pencil when the tip is not that sharp anymore. Try playing with the lines. Practice to pull your lines by pressing and harder and the beginning of the line. And as you're finishing it, try letting go of the pressure so you could see the different values. Layer, a couple of very light lines. So you can see that even this is a two-way pencil and it can get darker. It can also be so much lighter. If you don't press it too hard. Try sharing a bit with the pencil. Go from the lightest don't until the darkest and see all the values that you can get with his pencil. After you have finished this, try layering your pencil very light by going in one direction. Then layer another layer by going in a different direction. So we could see what kind of values you will get. It is important to use a very light pressure. So you could see how by layering, even with the lightest pressure, you can get darker tones if you go with a couple of layer on top of the first one. After you've finished with this tool, the pencil, try doing the same exercise with the nine B pencil. You will see all the possible values that you can get with nine B graphite pencil. And even this is the darkest graphite pencil. You can still get some very light shades if you don't press your pencils to heart. This is very important for you to practice because after this, you will be able to understand all the varieties of the shades and the quality of the lives were just one pencil and also all the possibilities that you have with just one of them. Even if you don't have a full set of graphite pencils, you can still get very good results if you'll learn to control your pencil pressure. And if you learn that by playing with the bezel pressure, you can manipulate the shades and the lines in order to get some very satisfying look of your drawing. So you can see the difference between the two B and 9 BBN syllabus. You can also see that some of the shades between them are actually very similar. If you compare them, even though the difference between 29 B is very big. So it basically all depends on how much you're pressing your graphite pencils in the end, after you've finished with the nine beam, do the same practice with the F pencil. Start again by pulling certain lines, then layer the darkest possible tones, then see how the pencil is reacting when the tip is not sharpening more. Draw a couple of lines by going from the darkest until the lightest. Don't do a shade from the lightest tone until the darkest. And then finish this practice by layering your pencils with a very light pressure, but from all different directions. This is a very good practice if you want to understand graphite pencils more. So after you finish with this practice, we can go onto our next lesson. 3. Learn How To Sketch And Hold Your Pencils: In this lesson, we are going to talk about the importance of holding your pencil in a way that will make your drawing experience better. So let's start off with what you should avoid while sketching first. You can see here that I'm holding my pencil and near to the end of it, and I'm holding it more straight, which doesn't allow my dress to be relaxed than its branding me of moving my hand appropriately. Because while sketching, you need to allow your risks to move and be flexible so you would be able to get better lines and a better sketch. So this is very important practice before you actually start with your sketch. You can see that my hand is very limited when it comes to the length of my lines, which usually results in having those very harsh and insecure lines. By holding your pencil like this somewhere in the middle and placing your wrist onto the paper, you are getting a good angle while holding your pencil and you can see how easier it is to move your hand from the wrist. This is really important because in this way you will allow yourself to relax more, to make your hand more flexible. And also your line quality will get so much better. You can see the difference between the left lines and the ones I'm sketching at the moment. You can also see the different values that I'm getting, which by holding the pencil and the wrong way, I was quite limited with getting different values of the lines and the shades while sketching. So let's try the same thing on a different example. Hold your pencil again, very near to the end and plays the pencil more vertically and try drawing circles. You can see how dull my sketch looks like right from the start. There are no different values, shades, and I keep getting pretty much the same values everywhere and also my wrist pretty stiff, which prevents me of getting better results. Try holding it again in a different way, somewhere in the middle, placer risks onto the paper and start sketching. I'm getting lighter shades. And even if I don't get the proper circle, I can still move it around while sketching and kind of search for the right lines. And this is what sketching is all about, searching for the right lines. And in order for you to do it, you cannot expect to get the right line right from the first attempt. So allow yourself to research, sketch, make a couple of lines on the same place like I'm doing here and search for the best and most accurate line like this. You can also play with the values of the line as well. Put some darker tones and leave some of them lighter. You can see how much better this looks like then our left circles. Now let's do our last example. Take your pencil in the same way and draw a square. Looks pretty flat and all right, then draw another one and try shading it. It's ongoing quite right, because your hand is a bit limited and like that, even your shading will look something like this. After this, try holding it again like we practiced and start with some very light lines first, try to look for the right shape and experiments, research. You can also play around with the different values of the lines by pressing your pencil a bit harder. Again, scattering is the process of researching and searching for the right shape. So in this case, feel free to go crazy with the lines, because once you find the right shape, you can always erase those extra lines, but at least you've got so much better result. After this, draw another square and try sharing it. Since your hand is more flexible, you can control your pencil pressure so much better like this. And in this way you are able to get many different shades and values. Practice this by doing more lines, sketching different things, experiment, and once you are ready, we can go to our next lesson. 4. How To Blend Your Graphite Pencils: There is so many ways on how you can actually blend your graphite pencil. So let me show you a couple of them. We're going to use the blender. You can use either this usual blender or Tertullian. Then we will use a cotton buds and in the end we will use the tissue while using the blender. Try using it by going in circular motions or combine different directions. First you can go horizontally, for example. Then try shading it vertically just so we can get a smoother shade. It depends whether you want to get a certain effect, but mostly for the portraits, I just use circular motion for a better result. So try this out and see how your shading will turn out in the end. The second method is where the cotton bud, if you don't have any particular blender, all of us have this cotton buds in our homes. And I find this way of blending very useful. So try layering your pencil and going in circular motion as well with a cotton bud. I'm sure you will get a wonderful results. The third method is blending with tissues. I use this method mostly when I have to blend some bigger area. So this method is very useful and also you can see how smooth shade we've got with this tissue. So try all three methods out and started practicing your shading technique. Once you are finished with this, we can go to our next lesson. 5. Erasers And How To Use Them: In this lesson, we're going to go through a demonstration on how you can use certainly erasers for some highlights. For example, details on the face, flyaway hairs or just simply to lighten some parts out a few over reacted with the shades. So layer your pencil and three different places of the paper. But make sure not to press your pencil too hard because you're going to ruin the tooth of the paper. And that will prevent you of using the eraser as properly. Some of these techniques might not work if you press your pencil too hard onto the paper or if the shape is very dark. So make sure to control your pencil pressure. Once you layered all three parts, feel free to blend it out. In this case, I'm using a cotton bud. You can use whatever blenders suits you the most. Either the blenders, third Italians, or even tissues. But in this case, I felt like using the cotton bud for all three parts. After we've finished with the blending for the first example, I'm using Cauchy Norris pencil eraser and this is a very good for the highlights. Or if you want to make a certain design pattern, you can see how easily it erases the graphite. You can use it for the highlights in the hair or for the flyaway hairs if you have a darker background. So this is a very good eraser to use if you want to get some details, shapes, patterns, or highlights. Our next example would be mono Zero pencil eraser. This pencil works similar as mechanical pencil. Just instead of graphite, it has the erasers inside. And this is the best eraser to use for some very small highlights and very tiny details. Also, it works perfectly for the flyaway hairs as you can see it from this example. It has a very sharp tip. So if you want to get some very small highlights, this is definitely a pencil to use for that. Our third example would be a kneaded eraser. This is a very good eraser because it can be formed in basically any forum you desire. And in case you maybe overreacted with certain shades, you can always use this eraser and kind of David onto the paper so you can pick up the extra graphite pencil. This is also very good material to use if you want to get a certain pattern or design on a bit larger parts of the drawing. So these are three erasers that I use the most while drawing. So feel free to experiment with your erasers and once you are ready, we can go onto our next lesson. 6. How To Sketch The Eyes : In this lesson we're going to go through the eyes sketching. So let's start from the scratch. First, drought one big circle like this, then draw another one inside of that smaller than the big one, and then draw another circle inside that middle one. This is going to be our iris and the pupil. Once you place the circle is try drawing the upper part of the eyelid and you can draw it from the left side of the biggest circle until the right side and slightly go across the middle one. Do the same thing for the down part of the eyelid and try drawing it slightly underneath the middle circle and connect the lines of the islets. Once we do this, we can erase the lines of the biggest circle leaving does the form of the eye. Once you erase it, since the eyelids are actually 3D and we want to make it look more realistic. Drawing another line slightly under the down part of the island and do the same thing for the upper part of the eyelid. Once you do this, draw the eye folds right above your eye and feel free to do it as you wish. Just make sure to start and finish it approximately where our eyes is finishing as well. Once you do this, you can also block the parts where your eyebrow is going to be. Feel free to place it wherever you wish. It can be more near to the iPhone or a bit up since this is a free hand drawing and we don't have to use the reference for this release your creativity and dry it as you wish. We can also make a small part near the pupil where you can leave the paper whites so you can get a highlight in the eye. This will also make your drawing more realistic. Then you can block the pupil by shading it with a bit darker shade. And in this stage, since this is just the practice, you can do all of this with just two pencils take to be for the sketching and three or four B, for the shading. And by controlling your pencil pressure or you will be able to get those lighter and darker parts as well. Then start layering some shades onto the skin as well. Just do a couple of strokes other side and you don't have to blend it in this practice, we're just going to leave our lines and shapes as they are. You can also shade a bit the inside part of the eye because the white parts of the eye is never actually white. So try putting a couple of light shades on the inside part of the eye as well, start layering a bit darker shades inside the iris. And also in this stage you can play around with your pencil pressure to, so you can get a bit more interesting look of the iris. Once you do that, try adding the eyelashes like I showed you and the lesson where we spoke about the eyelashes and the eyebrows and how to draw them. Feel free to press the pencil a bit harder while drawing them for a better result. You can see that while I'm drawing them, I'm using the directions that I showed you in the lesson that I just mentioned. Also in trying to make them look more natural by putting one eyelash above the other. And I'm also making each and every one of them overlapping in a bit different directions just so we can get more natural look of the eyelashes. Once you are done with the eyelashes, try adding a bit more shade inside the white part of the eye for a bit better and more realistic look. Once you're done with that, we can start with our eyebrow. So I layered one very light layer, an undertone. And then I started off implementing the same technique like I showed you in the lesson where we spoke about the eyebrows slowly going in each direction just so I can make the eyebrow look a bit more realistic. We will go back to the eyebrow in a bit. But first let's add a bit more shades around the eye. But it's important not to pay attention to the details you can see here that my shades are more scribbles than the actual shades and I'm not going to use the blender for it since this is just a sketch, I would like to leave it as it is as an actual sketch out a bit more shades inside of the Irish Jesu can get a better contrast between the shades of the skin and the actual eye. Just so we can connect our composition and a better way. Then we can go back to the eyebrow and make it a bit thicker. Again, making it look more realistic by controlling my pencil pressure, making thicker lines from the beginning of my line and releasing the pencil pressure as I'm finishing each and every line. Once we are done with this practice, let me show you another one so it can maybe practice something like this to start by doing very fast sketches. Don't pay attention to the detail to start scribbling randomize. These are very fast sketches, so each of them shouldn't take longer than a couple of minutes. In this practice, try to focus on very few things like the iris, the pupil, and the forum of the actual, I try to experiment with your pencil pressure and try to play around with the forums. Even if the first one doesn't turn out well, try making another one. Also play around with the different shapes of the I tried to make different face expression by making your eyes a bit wider or smaller. Tried to express different feelings throughout these sketches. And also while doing it, again, don't pay attention to the details. Just go with the flow and don't think about the end result, but think of it as a way of you developing your skills and building up your knowledge. There's so many ways on how you can actually practice sketching these eyes. So even if you don't feel like going into details, you can start sketching your eyes even Buster, making just a couple of lines for each of the eye like I'm doing here. So try and make just a couple of lines of each eye and try to limit your time while doing it. Making approximately one to two minutes for each sketch. Try to experiment as much as you can because like this, you can build up your knowledge and skills so much more. Once you're done with this practice, we can go to our next lesson. 7. How To Draw The Eyelashes And The Eyebrows: In this lesson, we're going to talk about the eyelashes and the eyebrows. So let me show you what you should avoid first. If you draw your eyelashes like this, I'm pretty sure you are not going to be quite satisfied with it. So try drawing the upper parts of the eye and then draw another line very close to the first one, just so you would get the idea that our eyelids are actually 3D, the upper part of the eyelid as well as the down one. So try following these arrows that I drew here and the middle part of the eye, the eyelashes are going to go a bit forward as we move to the right part, they're going to go a bit on the right side. And as we go to the left, our eyelashes are going to be more turned towards the left part while you are following these arrows. Also keep in mind, that's our eyelashes are never quite straight. There have their own direction. So try drawing them in the way, like they're overlapping between each other. Like this, you will get so much better result. Also try using the same technique that we use for our hair drawing. Try pressing your pencil a bit harder and as you're finishing the line, released the pencil pressure so the eyelashes could be thinner in the end. Remember, this is just a practice. So even if you make a mistake, you can always correct it or just start a new one. But the most important thing for you to remember a while drawing the eyelashes is that they are going out from the islands. Then you need to remember to follow these three arrows for the more realistic look. And in the end, the pencil pressure while drawing them is very important for the better results. You can do the same thing for the down eyelashes. It is basically the same technique. Just put three arrows and also draw two lines very near to each other. And then from the bottom lines start drawing the eyelashes using the same technique. When it comes to our pencil pressure, most people are struggling with joining the eyelashes, but using this technique, I'm sure that you will be able to progress faster. So we can practice your eyelashes with different medium, different pencil as long as you're using this method, I'm sure they will turn out quite nice. As for the eyebrows, if you draw them with very harsh line and then shade them with no particular plan, they will probably end up looking something like this. If you draw your eyebrows more likely. And then follow the directions on how each of our eyebrows are actually formed and in which direction they're going from the beginning until the end, you'll be able to get better results. Try drawing these arrows. And once you start shading the eyebrows, try following these arrows carefully. Like this, you will be able to understand the form of the eyebrow so much more. Go from the inner parts of the eyebrow and start layering newlines bit by bit. It is also very important to use the same technique when it comes to your pencil pressure. Always press your pencil a bit harder in the beginning of the line and release the pressure as you're finishing it. Whenever I draw here eyebrows or eyelashes, I always use this 10k, so I would highly recommend for you to use it as well. So this is another practice that you can go through before we start with our poor threads. So as soon as you're finished with this practice, we can go to our next lesson. 8. Shading The Eye: In this lesson, we're going to shade the eye. Shading an iris is a bit similar like shading the hair. Really need to pay attention to the pencil pressure to observe the details and also to preserve some very light parts in order for our shading to look more realistic and 3D. So we can start by layering some very light layers at this point, the only thing that matters is that you cover and limit the parts where the iris is going to be placed. Also limit the parts where the pupil is going to be as well, just so you don't lose your sketch while layering your first layers what your graphite pencils don't rush into the process of trying to finish it as soon as possible, but give yourself that time to slowly build up your layers inside the iris. Your next layer should be darker as you go. So feel free to use some darker pencils like for B or five. B asks for the pupil. I always like to limited by making it the dark is the pupil is serving us as a guidance on how the rest parts of the eyes should be shaded. And it also makes the drawing look more realistic so we can shade your pupil by taking an 8 or 9 BBN. So most of the times I use the black favorite because they'll bully Kronos colored pencils because it gives the best possible results when it comes to achieving those darker shades. When it comes to shading our layers, I really like using the cotton bud and 13 aliens as a way of shading because they both plant the graphite pencil very well in this case. When it comes to the highlights of the, i feel free to use the unique posca wide-open. I always use it for the highlights and that gives such an amazing results when it comes to getting those highlights and glare. Another use of the cotton bud is that you can use the one which you already use for your first blending and make the shapes on the wide part of the eye. The white part of the eye is never actually white. At the first glance, it seems like it, but if you really take a deeper look into it, you will see how many shades of gray it actually has begun there is often make mistakes by overdoing the pupil and leaving the white part of the eye whites. And like that, they usually get some results that are not quite satisfying because the iris and the white part of the eye needs to be connected in order for your drawing to look more realistic and inorder to do with, we need to put shades on the white part of the eye as well. The darker parts of the eye is usually right underneath the upper eyelid because the eyelid is going to be over our eye. It is basically covering it. So that is the part where the inside part of the eye is going to be the darkest. As for shading the skin around the eye, and it's very important to follow the reference and see which shades are darker, which one are lighter. But at the same time, try making your first layers a bit lighter until you get to know your reference photo better. Try to preserve it as much as you can and you will start noticing some very dark shades and very light ones. Also when it comes to the iPhone, the iPhone is not just one line, but rather a very dark shade surrounding that one line. While you're sketching, you are placing the line of the iPhone. But once you start blending, it tries to avoid putting just one line without any extra shading around. It. Always put the darker shades on the upper part and on the down part of that line. And you will get much better results when it comes to the look of your iPhone. Now going back to the skin shading around the eye, it is really important to connect the shading around the eye with the actual eye if you want to get more realistic results. So don't be afraid of layering some darker shades or any layer in general, because if you overdo the eye and don't connect it to the rest of the skin properly. I'm not sure if you're going to be satisfied with results. Also have patients when it comes to shading the scan their own the, I don't expect that you will get some very good shading in the beginning, but give yourself the time and try layering it bit by bit. This lesson is all about practicing. So give yourself the time to practice your skills by giving yourself the time to build up your layers properly. Since the skin part is a bit bigger area, we can also use the tissue for the blending. The tissue also gives us much smoother blending and that is exactly what we need when it comes to skin shading, especially when the area is bigger like this one. So try using the tissue for blending the skin and you will see how good results you will be able to get. When it comes to drawing the eyelashes, I always start with the lighter layer first, even though they are often very dark. But like this, I'm approximately placing where I think by eyelashes should be. And if you're not sure how to draw them, have a look at one of my lesson where I'm explaining how to draw the eyelashes. I'm trying to follow the reference and also to make the eyelashes look more believable by placing them in different direction and making certain eyelashes shorter. Some longer, some thicker and some of them thinner. Like this, you will be able to get some proper results. After the first layer, I went over with a darker pencil once I was sure that I placed them in good directions, my advice would be to always start drawing the eyelashes with some lighter pressure cues like that. That will be much easier for you to correct them in case you made some mistakes when it comes to the length, thickness, or the direction they supposed to go. Once you're satisfied with the first layer, feel free to go over what a darker pencil. Once we've placed everything and our drawing progress up until this point, it is really important to focus on the details such as the highlights inside our waterline, some very light veins, and the inside part of the wide part of the eye. A couple of highlights on the eyelashes as well, freckles and creases on the skin. This is the part where you can basically experiment and as I like to say, decorate your drawing so it looks even better. Don't be afraid to even overreact with the details. You can always use your kneaded eraser and fix some parts in case you saw that maybe some parts are a bit too much, but overall tried to play around with it. This is a very fun part of the drawing an eye. So give yourself the freedom to experiment. See what kind of details could you transfer from the reference to your own drawing and also which one you might add in order to make our drawing even better. When it comes to shading the eyebrow, I used the same technique that I showed you in the lesson on how to draw the eyelashes and the eyebrows. So feel free to look at that lesson if you want to say the eyebrow as well. This will be all for this lesson. Feel free to practice your eye shading as much as you feel like it. And once you are ready, we can go onto our next lesson. 9. How To Sketch The Lips: In this lesson, we're going to go through lips sketching. So we're going to start off with some very basic and easy ways. You can place two dots, one on the left, another one on the right, and connect these two dots with one horizontal line. After that, find the middle between these two dots. And then on the upper bar, try placing two identical circles or some old shapes. One on the left bars of the split horizontal line and one on the right side. And under the line place one bigger circle exactly in the middle. So this is the easiest way to sketch the lips because like this we got our in downlink and the upper as well by just connecting our left and right dots by going around these circles. So this practice should be very simple. You can do loads of various circles, different shapes, sizes, just try and experiment. For this practice. We also don't need any references here. It is important just to relax and try experimenting with various shapes of the lips. Don't pay attention to the accuracy of the sketch. Here it is more important to just sketch and not think about the end result. So we can say the lips as well. I'm using just one pencil for it and try to simplify the shapes as much as you can by having in mind that the upper lip is always a bit darker than the downlink. That the middle part of the download is usually the lightest parts and that the lip line is where our shapes should be the darkest, since this is the part where our lips are separating. So if you have all this in mind, it will be it easier for you to just sketch an experiment because that is what this lesson is all about, relaxing yourself, removing those blockages we all have while we are starting to draw anything. Not to think about it too much and just try it out. Also with our sketch. Try to experiment with your pencil pressure by shading one lips darker, another one litre. Try using the blender is as well as the eraser is to see how your sketch will turn out in the end. For some sketches, you don't even have to use anything does the strokes of the pencil and see how it will turn out in the end. You can see here that they use various techniques for each lips. And I just experimented with all three of them. I wasn't paying attention to the details. I was just trying to see what will I get in the end by using different ways and different techniques to create them. So you should definitely try it out as well. At this stage that is really important not to focus on the details and realized this sketching phase as a part of learning. So you don't have to get an amazing final looking sketches focus more on learning, practicing your lines, your pencil pressure, and see this as a way to progress. A lot of beginners are aiming to get something amazing right from the start. But in order to get it, I believe it is very important to go through these steps and try repeating them on a daily basis. And I'm sure that in time your skills will improve so much more. And eventually you will end up getting something that you will be very satisfied with. So don't try to skip these steps because all of this will lead you to what you want to achieve in the end when it comes to your drawing journey, also tried to make your sketches very simple without any shades. Just focus on the lines like I did here. Make a very fast sketch and see what will come out of it. Again, don't pay attention to the accuracy calls. We're not using the reference. It doesn't have to be accurate at this point. All what matters now is for you to create any kind of sketch. And if you're not confident at the moment when it comes to sharing phase, you can always do this quick sketches first and you can return to the shading phase whenever you are ready for it. Another way to practice your lip sketching is by trying to get your sketch by layering more expressive lines. This is an amazing practice to try it out so you can relax your hand and get rid of the blockages and fear of drawing anything. Try releasing those negative thoughts because those are actually the ones affecting the quality of our lines. And this is something very important in the process of sketching. So make sure to approach to this practice with a bit more courage and see what will come out of it. Try practicing all these ways of sketching. If you're not ready for a particular phase, you can always go back to it whenever you feel like it. And once you're done with this practice, we can go onto our next lesson. 10. How To Shade The Lips: In this lesson, we're going to practice shading the lips. So let me show you first what you should avoid. If we start our sketch like this with very unsecure and harsh lines were already on the wrong path. The line should be present just in the beginning stages of sketching. But once you start sharing the particular piece, they should disappear almost completely. If you start layering the shades like this again, with no particular plan. And if you want to rush the process, it will look rather flat and dull, which we would like to avoid in this class. You can see here that these harsh lines are preventing my drawing of looking more realistic. So try avoiding leaving the sketch lines. Once you start shading, you can make them lighter by going over with your kneaded eraser or basically an eraser that you have next to you. So we've been, if I put a couple of darker shades and try to make it look more 3D and more realistic. The drawing will still turn out not quite in the way that we wanted. So let's start with what we should do and the process of drawing and shading the lips. Start off with two dots, one on the left and one on the right. Then with one line connect these two dots. You can also find the have between these two dots and draw one vertical line in the middle of the horizontal one, then we can approximately limit where our lips is going to end. This depends on the particular lips that you are drawing. So in this case we are going to approximately limit where our download is going to end and the upper lip as well. So keep in mind here that in most cases the downlink is a bit bigger than the upper lips. So while sketching, also keep that in mind in case your reference photo doesn't give you a different information. Of course, we can start drawing our upper lip and down one, try sketching it and also don't pay attention so much to the accuracy and symmetry on the lips. At this point, since we're sketching, our sketch doesn't have to look perfect right from our first attempt. You will see here that my lips in the beginning, we're in symmetrical at all. And I did that on purpose. So you can see that even if it doesn't look quite good right from the start, it doesn't mean that you failed right from the beginning or anything like it. The point of sketching is to be able to research and experiment and always have in mind that you have your eraser next to you, which you can always use to erase your lines and redo them. If you see that in some places, your sketch doesn't look quite the way that you want. Once you're happy with your sketch, we can start with our first layer. And I would suggest if you could go with your first layer of very lightly, even though there is going to be some parts that are darker and also some parts that are going to be lighter. While you are layering. The first layer start following the forum of the lips right from the start, because the texture of the lips is very specific. So if you start blending it with no particular plan and you start going with your shades and all kinds of directions. You won't be getting the desired look of your drawing. So always start layering the first layer, following the texture of the lips. And like this, you're going to make your drawing process so much easier. Well, so keep in mind to keep your sketch lines light. Don't make them very dark because after it there's going to be much harder to connect the lips shading with the finishing lines of the lips. If you transfer your reference photo and black and white, you will see that the difference of the lips and the scanners just in different shades. There are no lines that are separating the lips with a skin around it. The lips are just then differentiates. Keep in mind while sketching because in the ending phase of shading the lips, the lions shouldn't be visible at all, just the differentiates. Once your layer, the first layer, and try limiting the lip line with a darker pencil. Feel free to press the pencil harder because this part is going to be the darkest parts of our lives trying. Once you've finished limiting the lip line, try going over with your blending tools. I'm using here the cotton buds, which you can use anything you have at the moment and try blending the first layer. Also, while blending, again, try following the form of the ellipse. At this stage, your shades don't have to look perfect since this is just our first layer. But even in this stage, you should pay attention to the texture of the lips. Also try shading the part a bit under the lips just to have a better idea of where your shading will lead you in the end. Because we don't want to overdo the shading of the lips. So put a very basic shade underneath your lip and you will have a better guidance when it comes to further shading and highlights. After our first layer, you can use a bit of a darker pencil, three b or a for B, for example, and start layering the second layer. At this point again, you need to follow the texture of the lips and also at this stage, so focusing on a darker shades and darker parts of the lips. You can put some basic lines for the creases of the lips as well, just so we can make our lives trying even more realistic. After you are finished with the second layer, again, go over what your blender and try blending all of it out properly. So decreases and our second layer can be blended out. After our second layer, we're going on to our third one. And again, we're putting even darker shade because contrast is what makes every drawing looks so much more realistic. So focus to having those darker part, especially where is your lip line and also since your upper lip is most of the times a bit darker than our down lip. We are going to be putting a bit more of darker shades on upper lip, and we're going to leave the download a bit more lighter. Well, so put up a darker shade onto the ship pirates close to the lip line in order for us to connect the lip line and both down and the upper lip, we have to put a bit darker parts closer to the lip line because these parts are darker as well. Again, follow the texture of the lips and pay attention to the creases of the lips as well. Don't overdo them by making very dark lines. Keep them lighter, but at the same time visible as well. After this, again, we're going to blend everything out properly with our blending tools. We're using the same procedure like before. So just pay attention to all that we mentioned before and blend your third layer. This repeat the same procedure a couple of times until you get the satisfying look of the lips. Try going back and forth with her darker pencils. Just keep in mind, not oppress them too hard while layering them. And whenever you put a new layer, blend it out with your blending tools. Keep in mind to follow the flow and the texture of the lips and pay attention not to lose the form of the lips while shading it. Leaves some bars lighter, especially the middle parts of the downlink, because that is the part where the light hits the most. So that part is usually the lightest part of the lip. After you finish this, use your erasers, either the pencil erasers or anything that you have at the moment. And try getting the highlights of the lips by carefully erasing certain parts. You can also combine it with the blenders. So after you finish with the eraser, go a bit over those highlights with the blender. So you can blend out those highlights and connected with the lip shading more properly. Once you're finished with this practice, we can go onto our next lesson. 11. How To Sketch The Nose: In this lesson, we're going to practice the no sketching. So once we start sketching, this is basically pretty much what we see in our sketch. The finishing lines of the nose, the nostrils, and the down part of the unknowns. There's many ways to actually sketch the nose and get a different approach while doing it. So if you really don't know where to start, we can start from here, draw one big circle following by two smaller ones on each side. Then try connecting those circles with our nostrils. The ending parts on the left and on the right circles should be the ending parts of our nostrils. And the down part of the bigger circle should be the ending part of the nose or the part where our nose is connecting to the rest of the skin. This is such an easy way to actually start with drawing noses and what your practice. And in this stage that is very important to realize that this is just practice. In this stage, we're allowed to make mistakes, to go crazy with our sketches if we want to. Not to strive towards perfection, but see what you're going to actually learn from this practice. In the second example, I'm showing you that you can play around with the shape of the circles because there's so many different shapes of the noses. So we can make those circles and more oval shape, which will make the nose look a bit different and then different shapes than our previous one. In this stage, you can use the reference photo, but it's not really necessary if you don't want to. Practicing like this will allow you to be creative and even draw something from your mind. You don't have to have thousands of references near you because this lesson is focused on relaxing and releasing your creativity, not having to about the process or the accuracy. It is just something that you should do on an everyday basis if you want to. Because scattering like this well, actually make your drawing skills much better. And you will also relaxed so much more when it comes to approaching each and every one of your drawings. So relax your hand and your mind and just start scribbling. Don't pay attention how it will turn out, but rather focus on relaxing and enjoying the process because drawing should be fun, after all, not stressful. So even in this sketch, I made three circles and just put some very basic shades with my pencil. I wasn't paying too much attention to the details. I wish us blocking some parts with the shades just so I can get the basic shape of the nose. You can also play around with the lines while sketching, make some lines darker, some lines lighter. Try to experiment and pay attention to our pencil pressure as well. It is really important to use the tips on how to sketch what I showed you in the lesson where we will learning and how to hold your pencil properly we're sketching. So try to play around with it a bit. Make sure not to have the same value of the lines, but try playing around with them. Because this is just a practice. In this example, we're going to experiment with a different angle of the nose. So start off with making the main circle, the big one. On the left, draw more oval and smaller shape. And on the right part, draw one bigger and more oval-shaped too. Because this nose is in a different perspective with those basic placements of the oval shapes and circles where they're trying to get a proper proportions and a proper perspective. So when the smaller oval shape we can place one Nasrallah and on the bigger one we can make another one, but bigger than the left one. So you see how by placing these basic shapes, we're making our drawing and sketching much easier and more enjoyable. Try practicing this a couple of times, even if it doesn't turn out quite good in the beginning, I'm sure that after a couple of attempts, you will get into shape when it comes to sketching and slowly your sketches will start to be more relaxed than you will be able to experiment with. It's so much more. Experiment with different perspectives of the nose. Try facing them on the right or on the left. See what kinds of shape of the nose you can get by placing your circles and oval shapes a bit differently. Try to experiment with different placements of them to make them bigger or smaller, longer, whatever you can think of at the moment, try and see what kind of results you will get. The stages very fun and you have a never ending possibilities while sketching. I'm just sketching the nose from one side to place one big circle and then make a more oval horizontal shape. Connect these two parts with an arthro limit the ending part of the nostril and you will see how fast you will get this form of the nose. This is the most basic way on how you can sketch the nose. Place the basic shapes. Tomb. Try explaining with just a couple of basic lines, some basic shades, and your nose will look good very quickly. So try putting all these steps centric center practice. Try to experiment with the circles, all shapes, different placements of them, different values of the lines and some basic shapes. You will be able to progress so much more with your drawing skills and get rid of the fear that all the beginners have. Once they first start off with drawing faces and the face features. Once you've finished with your practice, we can go onto our next lesson. 12. Shading the nose: In this lesson, we're going to go through some important things which can help you out when it comes to shading the nose. So let's start from the things you should avoid first, we can do a sketch of the nose like I'm doing here, and we can start shading it. But if I started sharing it with no particular plan, and I also leave the lines of the sketch pretty much visible. It will prevent us of getting the desired results in the end, because all these lines shouldn't be visible in the process of shading. These lines are important only in the process of sketching, but once you start shading it, they should slowly start disappearing. If you draw it like this, it will just end up looking not quite satisfying and you will end up with your drawing looking like this. So this is not something that we actually want to achieve when it comes to shading the nose. So let's start off with how we should actually shade our nose. I did a light sketch and I did it in a way that I showed you in the previous lesson on how to sketch the nose using three circles so I could get a better sketch. And so you can get a better and easier idea. Sketch your nose. But I'm leaving my sketch light. I don't want to overreact with the lines and make them very dark because we want to shade is more properly. Very important tip to mention here as well, which I will also mention throughout this tutorial is, and pay attention to this because this is a very important, especially if you are a beginner. Don't strive for perfection. Don't focus on making your sketch 100% symmetrical. The left side of the nose doesn't have to be symmetrical with the right side of the nose at all. And this is very important to understand because in real life, not one person on this planet has symmetrical knows. We all have our imperfections and our left side of the face is not symmetrical. What our right side. Research this, look for some photos online and carefully study their faces. Look yourself in the mirror carefully and you will see that your left side is not 100% symmetrical with your right. Try studying it by looking at your mom, dad, brothers or sisters, and you will get much better idea on how our proportion of the face actually works and that we're not symmetrical at all. The reason why this is important is that beginners usually basically freak out once they started drawing the faces. And if there are features are not symmetrical, they usually want to quit and stop drawing the faces. They strive for perfection and keep trying to get symmetrical look, which often brings them to disappointment. So realize that our faces are not symmetrical, that you don't have to look for a perfection. And use our imperfection as a tool of overcoming that block, drawing face features or faces. So even if you're Nasrallah is a bit bigger than the other one, it doesn't have to be a mistake at all, so don't keep stressing about it. Try leaving it and see where your shading will lead. You. Don't lose too much time trying to get the perfect nose. Because in real life there actually aren't any. So this is very important for you to remember. So you can see here that I layered first a light shade of graphite pencils because we want to build our values properly and slowly. We don't want to go straight away with our darkest tones. We want to build it up. Bit by bit, just so we can give ourselves the time to actually get to know our reference photo more appropriately. By looking at the reference longer, you will start noticing all the imperfections and the things that is making this particular nose unique. So give yourself the time to get to know the reference photo. And while doing it, you can start with your lighter shades. After layering those first layers, feel free to go over with the blenders so you can see what kind of values you got after those first couple of layers. You can use whatever pencils you have as long as you're paying attention to the pencil pressure and you have the control over the actual pencil. It really doesn't matter which. So you're going to use. So use the practices that we did in the beginning of this class and try to focus on controlling your pencil pressure. After these first layers, try going over with a another one, but this time with a bit darker tones. You also need to pay attention and see which parts of the nose you need to leave lighter and which parts should be darker. And if you gave yourself the time to get to know the reference photo, well, by now you will be able to notice all the lights and darks on the reference itself. You can also see that by shading the nose, the lines of our sketch slowly started to disappear. Also the two vertical lines of the nose that you see in our first example where I made them quite visible. They shouldn't exist, especially in the process of shading. Because if you take a good look of yourself in the mirror, you will see that there are no actual lines there. That part of the nose is just an, a different shade than the rest of it, making the nose actually 3D. So try to avoid the lines and realized that by leaving some parts lighter and some parts darker, you're just explaining the facts through your drawing that the nose is in 3D and that some parts are more in the front than the other and vice versa. So try focusing more on your shades and less on the actual lines. Can see that R knows already looks much better than our first example. So make sure to slowly build up your values. Make sure to preserve the lighter parts of the nose and be brave enough to put the darker tones as well. Don't be afraid of darker shades. This is also important because beginners are afraid that they will ruin the drawing if they layer some darker shades. So don't be afraid of it because it will only make your drawing so much better and more 3D. Also keep in mind that if you overreact with the shades and you don't like as you can, always use the eraser and correct certain parts. You can use the kneaded eraser like I showed you in the lesson where we spoke about the erasers. Don't be afraid of mistakes either because we all make them and it happens to all of us. Also try using one of the pencil erasers and the end of your drawing. Try putting a couple of lines like I did here in this example. You can see how with just a couple of strokes with a pencil eraser where getting even better look of our nose drawing because like this, we are making those highlights of the nose which will make our drawing pop-out even more. You can always use the pencil eraser for the details like this. So try putting into practice everything that we spoke about in this lesson. And once you are ready, we can go onto our next lesson. 13. How To Draw The Hair: Drawing a hair can become an easy and relaxing thing if you realize a couple of very important things. So let's start off with the first one and that is a pencil pressure. You can see it in this example by pressure from the beginning of the line until the end is basically the same. I'm not controlling it as I'm finishing the line. Thus, my attempt of imitating and drying the hair already looks not quite satisfying. So really need to practice your pencil pressure, especially if you want to draw the hair, try practicing it in this way. You can see here that the beginning of my lines is darker, but as I'm finishing each and every line, I'm slowly letting go of my pencil and that allows me to get such better results while drawing the hair. So before you start with your hair drawing the first try practicing your pencil pressure. Try getting different values within the same line. Try making it darker in the beginning and lighter as you finished the same line. Once you practice this well enough, you will see how much better your hair drawings will look like. So let me show you two examples. How would this look like? On the first example, you can see that I'm using the first technique, which is keeping my pencil pressure always the same. I'm not having different values. I just keep layering it with the same pressure which immediately brings us to a very flat and all look after this, I'm going over with even darker pencil by using the very same technique and it only looks even worse than before. The lines are the same. We don't have any highlights because we are keeping our pencil pressure the same. And the results are pretty much not that satisfying. And this is not how we want our drawing to look like. On our second example, you can see that they started off with a very light pressure. I'm using a to B pencil for this layer. Another very important thing while drying the hair is making sure that you keep your pencil always sharpen. Well, you can see that my pencil is pretty sharp and I keep turning my pencil from time to time just so I can have that very sharp tip while layering the first layer of our hair. So that is another very important tip which you always need to have in mind. So what's a to B pencil? I'm layering the very first layer of the hair. I'm not rushing my drying neither. I'm pressing my pencil hard right from the start and I'm using the second technique that I showed you in the beginning of the video. Try relaxing your hand enough to silicon get those motor lines, as already mentioned in one of my previous lessons, if you relax your wrist and allow your pencil to run smoothly throughout the paper, you will get better quality lines and that is a crucial thing if you want to improve your drawing skills. After finishing the layer width to be pencil, I started another layer with a for B pencil and again using the same technique. Now pressing my pencil hard at all, I'm preserving those highlighted parts and that is also a very important thing for you to remember. Always make sure to preserve the highlighted parts because contrast is what makes your drawing look more realistic. You can see that I left some parts of the hair lighter than the rest, which makes the hair look more realistic and less doll. So this is another very important tip. In case you ever reacted with the shades. You can always use the pencil eraser and get some lighter parts like I showed you in the class where we were going through varieties of erasers and what you can do with them. Another important tip is to give yourself the time to make a proper drawing. It doesn't matter if it's just a sketch or if you're aiming towards making a proper drying, always give yourself enough time and don't rush yourself and finishing it. Take your time and really focus on the process if you want to progress. You see here that I'm giving myself enough time and that I'm slowly building each and every layer. Also, if you build your layers properly, sometimes you won't even need a blender for the hair. You see here that I didn't use the blender for the hair. I kept playing with different values and different shades and the end results will look as good as if I use the blender. So try putting all these steps together and start practicing drawing here with me. Don't be afraid of pressing your pencil harder if you want to get some darker tones. But then again, make sure to control your pencil pressure so you could blend those darker tones with the lighter ones properly in order for your hair to look even more realistic, always try adding those flyaway hairs like I did here. Add a bit on each side. Just make sure that your pencil is sharpen enough for the better result. By having those flyaway hairs, your hair drawing will look more realistic and it won't look stiff. So make sure to make that movement in the hair because we all have those flyaway hairs are here is never 100% and line so neither it should be under drawing. Make sure to always add a couple of them for the better result. If you have a darker background, again, you can always use the eraser for the flyaway hairs or some highlights on the hair. You will see all of this in our portrait drawing, which we will do in the end of this class. But for now, just make sure to practice this until you get into the routine where the dot of drawing the hair will not look that scary anymore, but rather satisfying and a happy thought. So try practicing this a bit and use these tips to make your drawing better. And once you're ready, we can go onto our next lesson. 14. Basic Face Proportion: In this lesson, we're going to go through some basic phase proportion, which hopefully after this you will get a better understanding of the basic proportions of the face. I will use this bamboo stick as a tool for measuring and you can use the usual pencil or if you don't have a stack like this, we're going to start off by placing two dots, one up and one down. Once you place them, feel free to limit them with two small horizontal lines. Then we're going to connect those two lines with one vertical line like this. Then we're going to split this line in three parts. So measure the line and just splits into three equal parts. So we can see here that now we have three equal parts of this line. Once you've finished splitting this line, take 1 third like I did here, and place that third horizontally on each side of this main vertical line. That will be the ending spots of our phase. We will also split the vertical line in half. So what's your measuring tool? Split the vertical line in half and pull one horizontal line where we found that half. You can see here that we have those thirds on the left and on the right side of our face. Once you've got that, try connecting all the lines that we got and try to make a basic form of the face. It can be an oval shape, a bit chubby or habits lemma. It's basically up to you how you will draw the shape of the face. Because each and every one of us have a different forum and different shape of the face. You can see here that you can place and play around with the lines if you want. You can make the jaw line and pit down or a bit more up. It's up to you to decide. I'm just showing you here that you have varieties of a way that you can get the shape of the face. Once you're finished with this, pull two horizontal lines where we're limited those three parts of the face like this. Then you can limit the ear parts. The ears are usually in the middle thirds, and of course, the size of the ear depends from the face to face. So I will make the upper part of the ear is a bit under this horizontal line. I am erasing these parts where I showed you where we place that 3rds on each side because we can start placing our eyes now. And again, make sure to pay attention to the three parts. So between the half of our face and the upper third of our phase, we are going to place the eyes, but before we do it, splits are a vertical line in three parts again, but split the place between the line. Whereas our half and the upper line where we limited our third, then just bought one horizontal line like this. But make sure to pull it near to our half, not on the upper part. Then we will take our measuring tool and we're going to split the parts between the vertical line and the parts where our faces finishing like this. So we have to find a half on the right and half on the left part of the face. Then we will split those half's again, making four equal parts on the left and on the right side of the face. So you can see here that we've got our halves and like this, we just got the place where our eyes are going to be. Once we limited the place where our eyes are going to be, you can pull two vertical lines until the horizontal lines like this from the two dots. Are on the inside part of the face and these thoughts are the beginning parts of our eyes. And from those dots, it is usually where our noses finishing. So with these lines we are limiting the place for our nose. In order for us to find the lip line. Again, we have to split the vertical line, but this time we're going to split it from the chain until the line where we placed our eyes and the eyebrows. So split it in three parts. And once you find equal parts, the lip line is going to be on the first third above the chin. Let me explain this a bit better by making the lines on the right side of the face. So we'll have a better understanding what lines you have to split in three parts so we would get the lip line. You can also see where our middle line is and I'm also showing you where we place our eyes just for a better understanding of the proportions. And you can see here that basically everything has to do with splitting our lines in three parts, which is very important to remember. So kid gets a good phase proportion in order for us to find the ending parts of the lips on both sides. Split these two parts of the eyes on each side and half. And you will get the ending parts of the lips by pooling two vertical lines until the lip line from those halves like this. These two dots with one line which will be your lip line. Then we can draw basic shape of the eyes on both sides. We can place our eyelids above as well. Once we are done with the eyes sketching. And we can also draw our eyebrows as well. It's all up to you how you will make a sketch of the eyes and the eyebrows. Just use everything that we spoke about and learn in our previous lessons and you will be able to sketch it properly. You can use the method of three circles for the nose so we can sketch the nose properly. And you can also do a sketch of the lips with the circles as well. Like we talked about in the previous lessons. These are basic face proportions and the proportions can vary from a face to face. Some faces have the eyes a bit more down, some of them a bit more up, somehow bigger nose, some smaller. The lips can be smaller or bigger. But this is just the basic and generic sketch where after you get these proportions, you can try and play with face features by erasing the sketch so your lines are barely visible. And try placing them a bit more up or a bit more down. Remeasure them. If you want to get a particular phase drawing, feel free to play around with your sketch once you get these basic phase proportions. And once you are ready, we can go onto our next lesson. 15. Sketching The Reference: In this lesson, we're going to start with sketching our reference photo. If you follow the previous lesson carefully, you will see that I'm implementing everything that we spoke about previously. I put two dots, one up and one down. I connect the two dots with one vertical line. I split that line in three parts. I use 1 third to find the width of her face and I found basic shapes of the face. Since we have the reference photo, you have to have in mind that those generic measurements are not going to be fully implemented in this drawing. Because when you are using the reference, as I said in the previous lesson, she can have a bit more oval face. Her eyebrows could be a bit more up or down, lips as well. The nose also her ears, can be a bit smaller or bigger, more upward and more down. And this will vary from face-to-face small Sugata, those basic measurements. Now you need to make sure that you get the good sketch and the likeness as well. So get to know your reference photo well before you actually dive into the sketching phase, I always spend the time just looking and observing the reference photo before I start sketching because every new portrait is a challenge for us. And even if you're very skilled when it comes to sketching, you will always find a new sketch challenging. So spend some time in looking at this reference and see what is the friend Dan from our generic measurements. If you're able to print out this reference, this can also help you out a bit when it comes to measuring because you will have the reference photo next to you. And like this, you will be able to measure it more appropriately and measure the difference once you place those basic measurements. If you want to make it even easier, try placing those basic measurements onto your printed reference photo first and like that, you will see, whereas the difference between our generic sketching and this particular reference. Also sketching technique is something that you have to practice the measurements as well. This skill is something that grows in time. And if you want to get very skilled at it, use 15 to 30 minutes of your time on a daily basis to try and draw something, use everything you have to try and get the good measurements and your eyes will slowly start getting used to catching all the necessary things while trying to sketch out something. And of course, in the sketching phase, your first sketch doesn't have to look perfect right from the start. And just by placing the eyes somewhere, it doesn't mean that you placed its rights. So have in mind that you can always erase the sketch and make it right if you see that you made a mistake, a lot of beginners, even after seeing the mistake, they're just leaving it because they're afraid to erase it and do it again. So release that fear and place your eraser next to you. If you see that you made a mistake somewhere and you feel like her acting it, feel free to do it as many times as you like because you're not going to be happy with the result even if you're shading skills are much more advanced than sketching skills because he will just end up with this proportional drawing. It is very important to have your sketch accurate and more there for you to proceed with shading. If you made some minor mistakes, have in mind that you can fix them as you go along further with your shading, small mistakes can be corrected, but if you made a big mistake and don't bother fixing it, you will just end up not being satisfied with your finished piece. Most probably. You will see here that I erase the sketch at 1. And that is only because I wanted to get even more accurate sketch because the first one was just approximate placements of the face features. At the second stage, I'm trying to get more detailed sketch and also I'm focusing more on getting the accurate face features. So we really have to make sure that you get very similar. I shave, for example, that you see on the reference photo. The space between the eyes as well, the null shape, the lips, and also the hair. And each and every one of these tabs are very connected. We're measuring the space between the eyes. You are getting that negative space for the nose and also the width of the nose. By placing the nose, you're getting the placement for the lips. If you place the eyebrows, you will get the space where her forehead is. So as you can see, everything is connected. If you place it one by one and while placing it, you're carefully measuring and paying attention to everything. And you will end up with a wonderful sketch in the end. And I know that for some of you at the moment, all of this sounds very intimidating and scary at 1. But once you learn all of this, it will be so much easier for you. It will become that easy that you are not going to in think about it. It will just be embedded in your brain in a way that all of this will just come out. You're naturally, you are not going to be stressing out about it anymore. You will find every sketch process or something challenging as always, but more joyful and not stressful thing. Another important thing, the sketch sometimes doesn't always look like 100% the same like the reference photo. So it is really important for you to understand that if you notice that on your sketch and you did everything correct with your measurements, don't get discouraged because the difference between the line sketch and the photography is pretty big. So it is important to realize that you will start getting the likeness once you start placing the shapes onto your drawing. Having the photo and black and white and having just a line sketch with not even one shade is very different. So realize that if it doesn't look exactly the same, it doesn't mean that it will not turn out good In the end. It just means that's all you have at the moment from that reference photo or just the lines and nothing else. But once you started following the reference when it comes to shading, if you do it properly, your drawing will end up looking like they're efference. So it's important not to get discouraged and the scattering phase, if you don't get the same exact likeness right from the start, because this is the part where most of the beginners gets confused. So it's really important to have this in mind. So try following all these steps mentioned in this class and in the previous one where we were working on generic phase proportion. And once you feel happy with your sketch, we can go onto our next lesson. And that is the shading phase. 16. Shading The Reference: In this lesson, we are going to stay the face. We're going to erase our sketch with our kneaded eraser first. And this step is really important if we want to get more realistic page showing, because once we're done with our shading, our line sketch shouldn't be visible that much. So feel free to take your kneaded eraser and erase the sketch in a way that the lines would still be visible to you, but they should be very light at the same time. When it comes to the beginning of the shading process, I always start with the eyes and this is something that I would suggest to you too, because the ISR usually the guidance for the rest of the shading on the face. Don't be afraid to put darker shades on the inside part of the eyes. Use the tips that I share with you and the lesson on how to sketch and shade the eyes. We are going to work on both eyes. We have to limit that part first and don't feel like you need to finish the eyes right in the beginning. As we go, we're going to go back to it again. We're going to add a bit more shade or to correct them if needed. If you made some mistakes in the meantime, as I already said, don't be afraid of making a mistake. You can always use erasers. Erase the mistake that you made and continue with your shading. At this point, that is really important for you to focus on your reference photo to carefully study all the shades, see all the contrast there is on the face. Catch some very important things that makes this reference unique and try implementing all of it to your drawing. Carefully study the shape of the eyes. See where are the darkest and the lightest parts. Try noticing the highlights and what is it that makes this portrait more 3D and focus on these things. And even if you exaggerate with the contrast and the shades, it doesn't mean that it will look bad. Most of the times it will look even better and more realistic. So keep in mind that even if you put some darker shades, that doesn't have to count as a mistake. You will see here that they use all the tip. So share with you in the previous lesson. So if you follow that carefully, I'm sure that by now you would be able to shade this reference with me. Feel free to focus on the rest of facial features as well. Between layering your first layer also limit the part where your lips, nose, and the eyebrows are going to be. Again, don't rush in to finish. It gets right in the beginning, but just layer a couple of layers on each of them and then focus on different things because we're going to go back to all face features again. We are just slowly building our shades as we go. When it comes to shading the face, I always prefer to start with some very light shades first. So I would suggest that you do the same like this. I would like to say that you're buying yourself some time to actually get to know the reference photo even better because while layering those light shades, you are carefully observing all the shades and the details that are on the reference photo. So at this stage that is really important not to try and rush your drawing and shading process, even though they're supposed to be relaxing and joyful. There are always things that you have to pay attention to and really focus in order to get good results. I'm observing is one of the most important things when it comes to drawing. Don't try and draw things mechanically, but try and really focus on the things you see and carefully study everything you feel like drawing. So forget about a dime, about rushing it and looking forward to finishing it, except this is a bit longer but very important process of learning and progressing when it comes to your drawing skills. So start layering your first layers very lightly. I would suggest using either enough pencil if you have maybe HB, even a B Pencil. And here it is also important to control your pencil pressure, as I showed you in the previous lessons. When it comes to blending your shades, you can use everything that we mentioned before as a way of blending your graphite pencils. I even use this small brush in the beginning as a way of blending. So we can also use the brush, just make sure that the brush is not a watercolor brush, but the bit thicker and more flat, more afford the acrylics or oils. I also used the tissue, the blenders and cotton buds. And you can decide which blenders you want to use for what or which is more easier for you. I use blending stump or third Italians for the small end detailed parts. I use the brush and the tissue for the bigger parts, such as her skin shades. And I use the cotton bugs either for the details as well like the nose parts and the lips as well. Keep in mind that you can also use the blending tools as a way to add a bit more shades onto the face because the graphite powder will stay onto your blending tools, then you can use it to add a bit more shades to certain parts. Try practicing that as well. At this point, you can go back and forth with your graphite pencils and your blenders up until the point where you are satisfied with how it looks like. Make sure not to dive into too much in your drawing and forget about looking at your reference. The beginner as far as getting to focus on the drawing and forget to stay connected to the reference. So we have to give the same attention to the reference as you're giving to your drawing. Again. Because if you were to focus onto your drawing and stop following the reference, you might end up missing some very important details and that will lead you to the results that you might not be satisfied with it in the end. Also another important tip, and this is something I'm doing quite frequently is after awhile it step away from your drawing for approximately ten minutes. Move it somewhere so you don't see it at all. Rest your eyes a bit, focus on different things in the meantime, and then go back to your drawing. Like this. It will be much easier for you to instantly notice possible mistakes that you made and the things your eyes catches first as a mistake are definitely the things you should be correcting. I do this a lot when I'm drawing and like this, it is much easier to note as possible mistakes or maybe some disproportions if they happened in the meantime, because being focused too much on the drawing might lead you to missing some very important things. So try implementing this step onto your everyday drying and you will see how much you're observing skills will improve by time. So use all the depths mentioned in the previous lessons and then this one, try being patient enough to go through all the necessary steps in order to get the good faith shading. Don't be afraid of making mistakes and layering some darker shades onto the drawing step away from it from time to time for 10 to 20 minutes in order to notice possible mistakes that you made. In the meantime, silicon improve your drawing. And once you're finished with this stage, we can go onto our next lesson. And that is the hair shading. 17. Shading The Hair: In this lesson, we're going to say the hair, the neck, and ears. We're going to start with our hair first. You see here that they started layering one very light layer first. But at the same time I'm doing this with the pencil. As we spoke about in previous lesson, along with our first layer as we're getting used to the reference. So while you are layering your first layer, dry, getting to know the reference again, tried to notice all the highlights and the darker shades on the hair. Try following the flow of the hair as well. Because this is something that is basically crucial when it comes to drawing the hair. You have to get used to following the flow of the hair because like that you are drawing will look so much better and much more realistic. So with every stroke of your pencil, follow the flow. Carefully, observe your reference photo and try imitating it as much as you can. If you went through the lesson on how to sketch in shader here by now you already know the importance of the pencil pressure and went to press your pencil heart and wanted to keep it very light. This is something that will make your hair drawing so much better. If you keep the pencil pressure the same all the time, you will just send up with the same values throughout your whole drawing. And that is something that we would like to avoid here. After you're done with covering your first layer, starts with your darker shades. Don't be afraid of layering some very dark parts of the hair because this is going to be the thing that will make your drawing pop up even more. Because the more contrast you have on your drawing, the better the outcome would be. You can't see here that while I'm layering more layers onto the hair, her face is starting copying out even more. Also while you're drawing, try preserving the lightest parts and work around them. So we would preserve some very light parts of the hair. This is a very important step in order for your drawing to look even more realistic. Also, try changing the pencils, see what's makes it more compatible with your highlights and the darkest parts. You can always go back to it with some different shades and the eraser as well in case you overreacted with your pencils and try correcting it again. You can always correct it. Everything can be erased. So don't be afraid of experimenting and making some mistakes. In order to connect the hair with the face, you are going to be needing some very sharpened pencil. And by drawing some very lightened smallest row is between your hair shading and the forehead. You will be able to connect it in a proper way. This is very important thing to do. So you are drawing wouldn't end up looking like the hair is glued to the head. Have enough patients to connect the hair with the rest of the head. And keep in mind that this is very important if you want to make your drawing more realistic. Another very important thing is to keep your pencil sharpened pretty much during your whole drawing because it will be much easier for you to get those really fine details on the hair. Even though it's impossible to draw the hair exactly the same like it is on the reference photo. It's impossible to copy each and every strand of the hair. So don't focus too much on the details and trying to make it look exactly the same, but rather focus on the things that will make your drawing look very similar to a reference. Like the contrast highlights some flyaway hairs flow the hair and the darkest parts of the hair. So it's really important for you to be released from the pressure of copying everything you see and try focusing more on some crucial things that will bring you much more like this. Also while sharing the hair, try going back and forth like we did for the phase shading as well with your erasers, blenders and combine them with a graphite like I did on my drawing. Also when it comes to drawing the hair oppressor pencil, really hard. Only when you're sure that particular part of the hair is the darkest and with no highlights at all. Otherwise, try building your layer slowly like we did on the VEI shading as well. This is very important because if you want to play around with the contrast lights and darks, you have to give yourself the space to do so by not joining the tooth of the paper. Because if you press your pencil very hard right from the start and after that, you want to do some highlights. It will be very hard for you to do so because the tooth of the paper will be just flattened and like that, it will not give you enough space to work on your highlights. It will just end up being smudged eventually if you use the eraser on top of that very dark part. So pay attention when and how you're pressing your pencil, control it and as well keep observing your reference photo while drawing. As I said in the previous lesson, don't get too much focused on your drawing and completely forget to compare it to your reference photo, but keep the balance between them and dedicate the same amount of time looking at the reference as you are drawing it in order for your drawing to turn out well. For the next shading, use the same technique that we used for the face shading. Use the blending stumps or Italians, their shoes, even your fingers if you feel more comfortable shading like that. And it connected with the rest of the face. Keep in mind that the parts where the neck is connected to the head is usually darker because the shadow is falling onto that part of the neck. So try making it a bit darker so you could get better results. The same thing goes when it comes to your shading. Carefully observe the reference and slowly started building your shades step-by-step. I wouldn't recommend you to use a bit smaller blenders like cotton buds or a blending stumps for it, because the ears are pretty small and you have quite the details there as well. So make sure to place your shading correctly and patiently. After we're done with shading the ears, put some flyaway hairs over them to make it even more realistic. Just make sure to connect those flyaway hairs with the rest of the hair drying. Once you're satisfied how you're drawing looks like, we can go onto our next lesson. And that is shading the background. 18. Shading The Background: In this lesson, we're going to go through background shading and some finishing touches as well. When it comes to the background, sometimes it's very good to create it beside your portrait drawing because it will allow you to play around a bit more with the contrast and the highlights. I decided to follow the reference in this case until the end because I wanted to work on some very light flyaway hairs. And you can decide whether you would like to work on your background as well. So you could play a bit more with your highlights or you feel satisfied with the results that you got, what your portrait. If you decided to proceed with the background, you can shade it with whatever pencils you want, as long as you're keeping your pressure light, you can go and various ways of shading it and in all kinds of direction because you will be able to blend it out after a width. Either the blenders or with some tissues may be whatever suits you the best in this case. In case your hair is darker like mine, make sure not to overreact with your background shading so your hair doesn't blend in with the background. Give some things lighter. And you can also make some parts darker in order to get better adapt when it comes to the background and the whole composition in general. For each part of the background, I used a couple of layers and I build them up slowly. So I would suggest to, to do the same, I use pretty much the same technique that we use for our whole board threads. So creating a background at this point shouldn't be too stressful for you by now. Just make sure not to press your pencil too hard. Make sure to blend your pencils properly. So once you are finished with your final layer, the lines and the strokes of the pencil are not visible anymore and try getting a good contrast and the composition in the end. Once you create your background, you can start playing around with some highlights by taking your pencil eraser or a mono Zero Eraser and try to get some really light parts of the hair like this. We are getting some really fine and more realistic touches. And also we're connecting our portrait with the rest of the background as well. You can see how we're just a couple of strokes with a pencil eraser, we are getting so much better results. And this is something that you could always try and do. What, whatever portrait you are working on. Playing with contrast and highlights can always bring you so much better results. So always try to experiment with them. Even though if you don't have this on your reference photo, you can always try and create it by yourself. Have the freedom encouraged to experiment. And I'm sure that it will lead you to so much better results. Besides the highlights with a pencil eraser, you can always add a couple of strokes with your graphite pencils as well for even better results, try following the highlights and combine them with the graphite as well. Once we're done connecting our portrait with the background, you can always work on some finishing touches. You can correct the lips a bit, add a bit more highlights on the inside part of the eyes, correct. Maybe some shades if needed. Whatever you think that it needs to be corrected in the end. And whatever you see first as a thing that might be added, blended, or erased as well, feel free to do so. These are just some finishing touches that you can play around with them in the end, once you are getting closer to the end, also keep in mind that at 1 you have to put down your pencil and say to yourself that you finished it. Don't let those details and finishing touches drag you into overthinking and overcorrecting or a drawing because you might end up overdoing it, which if you already made it up until this point, there are very few things that you really have to add or redo. So always keep that in mind. And this would be the final portrait drawing. I truly hope that you manage to get until the end of this practice and that you enjoyed it. 19. End video: So congratulations on finishing this class. I'm so happy and so proud that you made it until the end. I also look forward to seeing your portrait drawings and sketches. Also you can upload here just sketching the lips or noses. It doesn't have to be the finished piece if you're still not ready to go all the way until the end with the portrait drawing, the most important thing is that you took your pencils and you start the drawing, progress and every line counts. So I'm very proud of each and every one of your progresses. Keep practicing. And I know that through some time you will be able to create some amazing drawings. Get practicing guys and remember if I can do it. So can you, thank you so much again for joining my class. I hope to see you soon in my upcoming classes. Stay safe and stay inspired.