Beginner's Course in Adobe Illustrator | Tim Wilson | Skillshare

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Beginner's Course in Adobe Illustrator

teacher avatar Tim Wilson, Adobe Certified Instructor and Expert

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

52 Lessons (3h 59m)
    • 1. Beginner Course in Adobe Illustrator - Overview

      2:43
    • 2. Concepts, Layout, Set-up

      0:48
    • 3. Vector & Bitmap

      2:41
    • 4. Set-up Document & Make Artboards

      2:41
    • 5. Interface & Navigation

      5:45
    • 6. More Interface & Navigation

      2:46
    • 7. Creating Simple Shapes

      1:22
    • 8. Fill & Stroke, Selection Tool, Outline Mode

      6:08
    • 9. Ellipses, Polygons, Lines & Stars

      1:50
    • 10. Direct Selection Tool, Points, Corner Widgets

      1:04
    • 11. Introducing Handles on Points

      1:32
    • 12. Pathfinder

      4:11
    • 13. Shapebuilder Tool

      1:54
    • 14. Project: Part 1 - Make an Apple Logo

      4:49
    • 15. Project: Part 2 - Make a Whale Logo

      7:33
    • 16. Create Complex Shapes

      1:17
    • 17. Pen Tool Intro & Basic Lines & Curves

      5:14
    • 18. Click & Drag to Make Curves

      2:48
    • 19. Click Last Point to Create Custom Shapes

      6:00
    • 20. Breaking the Handles for Full Control of Curves

      3:40
    • 21. Use Alt Techniques to Create a Simple Drawing

      5:56
    • 22. Add Another Point & Outline Mode

      2:54
    • 23. Delete Anchor Point

      0:37
    • 24. Curvature Tool

      2:56
    • 25. Pencil Tool & Redrawing Shapes

      3:13
    • 26. Smoothing & Erase Tools

      2:23
    • 27. Erase, Scissor & Knife Tools

      4:21
    • 28. Join Points, Average Point, Join Tool

      3:48
    • 29. Blob Brush & Paint Brush

      3:28
    • 30. Simplify Paths & Smoothing

      1:54
    • 31. Project: Part 1 - Folk Poster

      12:44
    • 32. Project: Part 2 - Folk Poster

      3:45
    • 33. Project: Part 3 - Folk Poster

      14:43
    • 34. Repetition

      1:11
    • 35. Transform Again - inc Rotate & Scale Copies

      5:03
    • 36. Transform Again - Move Registration Point

      1:58
    • 37. Transform Again & Clipping Mask

      3:50
    • 38. Align Objects

      6:24
    • 39. Scale, Rotate, Shear & Mirror

      8:15
    • 40. Project: Part 1 - T-shirt & Create Logo

      5:49
    • 41. Project: Part 2 - T-shirt & Create Logo

      7:56
    • 42. Project: Part 3 - T-shirt & Create Logo

      5:12
    • 43. Project: Part 1 - Create Infographic

      9:53
    • 44. Project: Part 2 - Create Infographic

      13:52
    • 45. Project: Part 3 - Create Infographic

      11:04
    • 46. Project: Part 4 - Create Infographic

      3:13
    • 47. Radial Repeat Composition

      2:34
    • 48. Recolor Artwork From Photo

      2:59
    • 49. Repeat Grid Composition

      2:24
    • 50. Repeat Mirror Composition

      2:45
    • 51. Project - Create a Tiki Mask Using Repetition

      14:53
    • 52. Course Conclusion for Illustrator Beginner

      0:25
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About This Class

Hi - I'm Tim

I'm an Adobe Certified Instructor and Adobe Certified Expert and designer working in and around London.

This course is an introduction to Adobe Illustrator with tutorials and step-by-step projects, starting right from the beginning for complete beginners. You do not have to be able to draw to complete this Illustrator course. 

Together we will look at a specific set of tools and techniques. Then I will give you some projects to complete to reinforce your knowledge. 

All the content can be adapted for both print or web.

You will learn the basics of Illustrator and solidify your knowledge by creating icons, logos and posters.

This course is for anyone new to Illustrator, or an existing user who wants to brush up on their basic techniques and speed up their workflow. All you need is a Mac or PC and a copy of Adobe Illustrator for the iPad.

At the end of this course you will have good understanding of the basics of Illustrator and will be able to create simple yet eye-catching and exciting graphics. 

Once you've completed this, you can then do the Intermediate Course and the Advanced Course!

All the exercise files come from the Royalty Free website Unsplash.com with thanks to the following photographers / artists: Matthijs Smit (guitar).

List of marks used: Adobe Illustrator logo and Adobe Illustrator name are registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe in the United States and / or other counties.

Meet Your Teacher

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Tim Wilson

Adobe Certified Instructor and Expert

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Transcripts

1. Beginner Course in Adobe Illustrator - Overview: Hi, my name's Tim Wilson. I'm an Adobe certified illustration instructor at Red Rocket studio. I would love to help you to create beautiful, amazing graphics in Adobe Illustrator. During this course, we'll start off with some lectures. And at the end of each section will do a project or two. Now, the projects are there to help you to practice what you've just done. We'll work through them step-by-step together and they will help to cement everything into your memory. Now, some of the projects we're going to be doing or things like this. Now, once you've created these and we're going to be working through them step-by-step. You can have things which you can put into your portfolio and you'll be very, very proud of. If you've ever worried that illustrates it looks too complicated and that you'll never be able to create beautiful graphics are all. If you've got no experience of Illustrator at all, maybe you can draw, maybe you can't. It doesn't matter. This course is for you. Drew my 20 years of training. I've taught thousands of students just like you, from companies like Nissim, Disney, Adobe, whether they were online courses or classroom courses. Not only am I an Adobe instructor, but I'm a university lecturer. And this enables me to structure the courses that you can get the most out of them. For those of you who have some knowledge of Illustrator, this course, we'll be able to allow you to speed up your workflow, work smarter and faster, and create professional looking results. My goal is to help you have a productive and of course, enjoyable course, which will help you to pursue your creative path by having a thorough understanding of Illustrator. I would love to help you to be able to done in a straight line. 2. Concepts, Layout, Set-up: In this first section of illustrates how are we going to be looking at a few things. We're going to start off with the vectors and have a look at what vectors are. What is the difference between a vector and a bitmap image. After that, we'll go onto pages, or as Illustrator calls them, hot boards. And then we'll be looking at navigating around your document and navigating around the Illustrator interface. So if you lose any tools or the panels along the way, I'll show you how to get them back. Let's have a look. 3. Vector & Bitmap: There are two main types of graphics that we get. One is called vector, and the other one is known as bitmap. Now, Illustrator is primarily a vector package, whereas Photoshop is primarily bitmap. So what is the difference? Well, I've got two graphics on the screen that you can see. And the one on the left, the whale logo is a bitmap. The one on the right is a vector. They look absolutely identical at the moment. And once again, if I go down here, I've got two what look like photographs. The one on the left is bitmapped, the one on the right is vector. Well, it's the way that these images are made up. You see vectors are made up of two points and lines on the page was bitmaps are made up of pixels, tiny little dots. Let's have a close look at these two so that you can see the difference. I'm going to go over, I'm going to use my zoom tool. I'm going to zoom right in to this vector while. And you can see that I can keep going in and the detail is still there. Now let me move across to the same thing, which is the bitmap. And this is what a bitmap looks like. Close up. If I keep going in, you can see all of those little pixels on there. So comparing that to the vector, the vector is always going to be absolutely smooth, no matter how big you make it, how much you scale it up, it's always going to be perfect. Whereas with a bitmap, if you zoom in too much, you're going to see those pixels. Now what about these photographs down here? Well, if I move down to them, you see with the photograph, once again, if I zoom into that first graph, eventually you will see those little square pixels. But the bitmap does give you a really nice smooth gradient colors in the first graph compared to the same thing, which is a vector. Now, if I zoom to the vector, you can see every part of this image is made up of little shapes, little vector shapes with points and lines. So when it comes to photographs, photographs tend to look better as bitmaps. Whereas logos and icons tend to look better as vectors. 4. Set-up Document & Make Artboards: The first thing we're going to do in Illustrator is to create an art board. Now, artboards are like pages. So if you're working in, let's say Word or maybe InDesign, you'd be working with multiple pages in Illustrator, then known as Artboards, because they come in different sizes. So the idea is that you could maybe have an outboard which is an A3 size, and in the same document have an A4 size and an A5 size, as well as maybe a business card size as well. We're just going to start off with a single art board, but you can add art-boards at any stage of the process. I'm going to click on create new, this little button here. But if you can't see that button, you can always go along to File and New in the top there, it takes you into the same window. Now, this window has got a lot of presets in there. And it's less complicated than it looks to be honest. Along the top, we've got presets for the different type of media that we want to create. So if you're creating anything, for example, for print, we've got printing there. If you were doing something for web or for social media, we've got a preview. There is some for mobiles, the sample film, video, art illustration. There's some saved ones. There's some recent ones in here as well. Now I'm going to go across to print, and I'm going to click on print. And this then opens up the presets. Down here. I'm just going to view all the presets. And you can see I've got a force and befores a 3s. All that happens is when you click on one of these presets, it puts in the appropriate size on the right-hand side. So I've got my correct size in there. It also does a few other little bits and pieces to do with the settings down here, we're going to come back to those. We're going to look at them in a lot more detail. Later on. We'll click on Create. And there is my artboard. Now, when you first open up Illustrator, on the left-hand side, you usually have some tools. And on the right-hand side, you usually have panels. All of the panels can be got to by going to the Window menu. And all your panels are listed in here. It will have a little bit of a go. Try creating a new artboard. Learn, take a moment and then come back for the next lesson. And we'll look at the interface. 5. Interface & Navigation: Let's have a look at the panels. Now. On the right-hand side, I've got a few panels. I've got a Properties panel. Click on the little tab along the top you can see my Layers panel and I'm going to Libraries panel there as well. Now, yours might be totally different to mine. If you go to the Window menu, you can see all of the panels so that you can get in Illustrator. Now, I'm going to go and open up a different panel. So let me go and find the well, I'll just choose the swatches panel. And you can see now I've got some more panels here. This is the Swatches. I'm going to pull it out by its name. Symbols panels come out as well. And there's a Brushes panel over here. Now, if I were to take my swatches panel and grab it by its name, I can then drag it and I can drop it in with that set of panels over there. So I've now got properties, libraries, layers, and swatches. The idea is that you can make your panels look healthy. You want them to look. Now, if I close down illustrator, when I open up again, it will look exactly like this. Now the thing that Illustrator is, it's such a cool program. And personally I tend to get very, very excited about it. And I'll be working on, and I'll be opening, opening a panel here and a panel there. And I've made such a mess of my panels. Well, I just need to sort them out. When you work with panels and two bars, what you're actually doing is you're changing your desktop or workspace. Think of it as your real life workspace. If you're looking at a computer, you've probably got a keyboard in front few, maybe a mouse on the right or the left. Maybe a cup of tea is there as well. You might have a pot holding some pens. That is your workspace, and it's the same in Illustrator. So if I want to tidy my workspace in Illustrator, I can go along to the Window menu. I can go down to Workspaces and the Workspace Layout I'm going at the moment is Essentials. I'm just can't just say Reset Essentials and that just tidies it away. If I go to the Window menu workspace, you see that we've got other different layouts in here. So if I was doing a lot of topography, for example, I might choose the typography layout, and you'll see that changes my workspace once again. So I've then got modal options in here and I can click to see more of my typography options over there. But anytime I can just go to the Window menu workspace and either reset it or change to a different layout. Now, on the left-hand side, I've got my toolbar and like the properties that can be moved around as well. Now the two bonds that you have can be shown either as a double row or a single row by changing the little double arrow is right at the top, and you can click on them. You also find that you are by default in the very simple Toolbar. If you go to the Window menu and go down to two bars, you'll find that there is an advanced turbinate. It's got so many more tools. Once again, I can move it around and I can change it from single rose to double rows. Not only that in your toolbar, you'll notice that the tools have got little arrows in the bottom right-hand corner. Maleness, all of them, but most of them have. And if you click a tool that's got one of those little arrows or corn is on it and hold, so click and hold the mouse. Find the other tools in there as well. So here for example, if I click and hold on the rectangle, I can then see rounded rectangles, ellipses, polys, stars, and fled tools. And on the right-hand side now for those of you who are using other Adobe software, this will be new to you. There is what is called a tear off. It's this little bar here. And if I release the mouse on that, now you'll see that we've got the tools in a separate little window here. You can still get to them by clicking holding there. But it does mean that you can bring out all of your tools and have them all out at the same time. You might find that your life gets a little bit complicated then, because we've got so many tools up at the same time. If you make a mistake, good, the Window menu, go down to workspace and just reset your essentials workspace. Now there's one last thing that I'd like to show you before you try the sounds, and that's on the keyboard. You see if you touch something on the keyboard, like I've done here, I'm not telling you which kid is yet. Things can disappear and you might, you might not see which key you've touched by mistake. Well, it's the Tab key. If you press on the tab key, it will hide panels and your toolbar. Boxer. If you press it again, it will bring them back. So watch that It's really useful for showing people work or senior work and hiding all the panels. But if you touch it and you don't know what you've done. Well, now you do press tab and you back again. Have a bit of a go with that. Try it out. Move you tools around, make a mess of them. Go to the Window menu, workspace. And you could always just reset the workspace that you're in. Try them out. 6. More Interface & Navigation: Now how do we move around the document? Zoom in, zoom out. Well, there are a number of ways to do this. And one of the easiest ways is to go to the Window menu and find a little panel called the navigator. Now, all of my panels are in alphabetical order, so I'm just going to go all the way down to the ends over there. And this little window allows me to do a few things. First of all, it allows me to zoom in, zoom out. Now I can do that with these percentages. Let's go to 25 percent. You can see, I'll zoom right out. You can even click on the little mountains to zoom in and zoom out. And once you have zoomed in, you can click on this area here to just move around your documents. Now, if you don't have the navigator, you can also zoom around your document by using these tools here. The zoom tool, I can click to zoom in. Or if I hold down the Alt key, sometimes it's called out, sometimes called option, depending on whether you're on a Mac or PC. When I hold that down, you see that little plus on that magnified turns to a minus. And if I click now, it's just zooming out. So click to zoom in, Olsen, click to zoom out. You can even click and drag to zoom in interactively. You can also use the hand tool to move around on your page. Now, all of this is quite time-consuming. I know it doesn't seem much, but when you're actually working on a project. So I use shortcuts. Now, if you are on a Mac, then your shortcut to zoom in would be Command and plus on the keyboard. Command minus to zoom out and command and 0 to get your page to fit onto the screen. If you're on a PC, then it's Control minus to zoom out, Control Plus to zoom in and Control Zero to fit the screen. And lastly, Mac or PC, if you hold down the space bar, the bar on the bottom of the keyboard, that would be the hand. And you can then just click and move your document around when you release the space bar. Because back to whatever tool you happen to be in. Give that a go and then we'll get straight into some projects shortly. 7. Creating Simple Shapes: In this section, what we're going to look at is some basic shapes. So we're going to start off with ellipses and rectangles. And I'm going to show you how to rotate them, how to scale them and make changes to them. For example, we can take a rectangle and we can round off the corners. Now, that's not overly exciting, but what is exciting is when we start to mix these shapes together. So there'll be afterwards, we're going to then get into taking shapes and adding them together or subtracting one from the other. And what this will allow us to do is to create some really unique shapes. Right at the end of the section, there's a project. And that project is going to be creating a logo and an icon. And you can see we're going to do these two. We're going to do the Apple first of all. And then I'm going to take you through creating this really quite, quite cool. Well, now these projects, I will take you through step-by-step all the way. I'll do a bit. You can stop the video, you can catch up and we'll work on right the way through it. So you end up with something like this. Anyway, let's get right to it now. 8. Fill & Stroke, Selection Tool, Outline Mode: Let's get going with some basic shapes. I'm going to click the Create New button to make a new document. And I'm going to go along to print. We'll be dealing with some web later on. And I'm just going to keep all the settings on the default A4 or letter size. It really doesn't matter which one you choose. Let's click Create. Now, I've got my basic setup here. If I go to Window menu down to my workspace, I've just said to the basic essentials. I can see my properties panel on the right-hand side. The properties panel is absolutely brilliant because it just changes depending on what to urine or what you doing. So when I start to work with some of these shapes, you'll notice the properties panel will update to show the properties for the shape that I'm working on. What I'm going to do is I'm going to go in the toolbar down a few tools until I see this rectangular tool. I'm going to click and hold on the rectangular tool. And I'm going to be using the rectangle tool. Now, if I click and drag to make a rectangle, I get this little rectangle which has got a white color in the middle. This is known as the fill color. And it's got a line around the outside. The line around the outside is known as the stroke. Now, if I want to change it, I go across to the properties panel. You'll see it's updated because we are on a shape. I'm going to go to the fill and I'm going to click the little Fill Color icon. And this will give me various colors. There are solid colors in here, you'll see as I click through them, there are gradients and there are patterns. And of course we'll be creating all of these throughout the course. Let me start with a simple orange fill. If I then click down on the stroke icon, this allows me to change the color of the stroke. I'm going to make my stroke yellow. Now when I do that, you don't notice in yellow that's popped up around the outside there. If I go over to the weight or line width of the stroke, I can increase it and you'll then notice I've now got a yellow stroke around the outside. Now the reason I chose yellow is it, it's then easy for you to see the line on the shape itself. Now if we want to start manipulating that shape, we've got two arrows in the tougher toolbar. The one at the very top, which is the dark arrow or the black arrow, is called the Selection tool. The one below that is the direct selection tool or the white arrow tool. I'm going to start off with the selection tool for now. What I want to do is use the selection tool and I can then move my shape around. I've moved off the page, that's absolutely fine. I can also go to the corner of the shape and I can click and drag to resize it. And if I move just off the corner, notice how that changes from that little straight line double arrow to a semicircle double-arrow. Now, if I click and drag now, I can then rotate that shape around as I wanted. Now, if you make any mistakes now, maybe I've rotated that and I thought, Oh, I'll go back and move it over to there. And I've scaled it to bits as well and just squish it down a bit. You can always undo things, but either going to the Edit menu and using undo right at the top. Or you can use Control or Command depending on with your Mac or PC and Z. To undo it, I can just keep undoing. Now, the next thing that I can do with this black arrow is if I move on to the shape, I can grab these little circles. And if I click on one of them and drag you see rounds the corner for me, I can keep going so I get virtually or a full circle in there. If a pull Mac, I can go back to a normal rectangle. Let's do another one. Go along, get a rectangle, click and drag, change the stroke color. In here goes my fill color. Now with the fill color, I could choose to either have these colors here, but I could go with white. And you can see that fills it with white. Or I can choose none. None basically means it's transparent in the middle. Now I can see the other shape through that. Now I can either have none as a fill or a stroke. I'll just choose a different color again here. I'm going to go to my stroke, and I'm going to choose none for my stroke. So now I've got no stroke on that item. Let me go back to my selection tools up here. Black selection tool allows me to click on a shape and drag it around, scale it, and rotated. There are times, however, when you might have one shape below another shape. So if I make this one a little bit bigger like that, and I want to see everything that's on my page. At the moment in the View menu up here, we are viewing in our normal preview mode. If I go down here to outline mode, I can then see everything purely as lines. Let me do that again. I'll go to the View menu and I'll choose Preview mode, like so. If you want to delete anything selected and either press Delete or Backspace on your keyboard. 9. Ellipses, Polygons, Lines & Stars: So what about the other shapes? Well, let's have a look. The ellipse tool. If I click and drag, I can make an ellipse. Once again, I can resize it. And if I want to keep it proportionate, I hold down the Shift key. Moving further down, we've got a poly tool as well, a polygon tool and the Star Tool. Now, these interesting because when you first go in, you probably end up with six sides, like I've got. If you want to change the number of sides on a polygon, the easiest way to do it is using the keyboard shortcut. If I go to the little arrows on the keyboard and I'm going to go to the up arrow. You can see that will increase the number of sides and the down arrow will decrease the number of sides. So if I wanted a triangle, That's how I would do it. And it's exactly the same with the Star tool. If I click and drag a star out, I can use the up arrow to increase the number of points on my star for the down arrow to decrease the number of points. Lastly, in this layout, I've got a line segment tool. So I can click and drag to just make a straight stroke. All of these shapes can still be adjusted using the black arrow tool. I can move them around. You'll notice that some have the little circles in them like this one here has got a little circle there so I can pull that the coin is in. Others don't. There's always ways around these problems moving up to fix that shortly. Try them out. 10. Direct Selection Tool, Points, Corner Widgets: So what about the white arrow tool for the direct selection tool to give it proper name? Well, I'm going to take a rectangle, draw a rectangle. And then if I use the white arrow tool, what I can do is I can select individual points. So I'm going to click and drag across this top right-hand point. And this will select it and allow me to now move just that point around. Let me do that again. I'm going to click and drag to select just that point. Then I can click and move that point around. Now what you'll notice is that when I select a point, little corner widget dot appears, I can click on that corner widget and just round that corner out. So I'll select this point here. And I can just click and round that cone out. Have a go with that. See I get on. 11. Introducing Handles on Points: So what about doing the same thing with a circle? If I get the direct selection tool and click and drag on a circle, it allows me to select the individual points and I can then change the circular shape. Now what's different to those corners that we had is that we have little handles sticking out. If I go to one of these handles, this handle controls half of that curve there. You'll see if I pull it out. It will pull that curve out. If I push it in, it will get rid of the curve. But as you've probably noticed, these two handles are actually linked. So if I click on one and drag it around, it will adjust both of those curves to keep this nice and smooth. Now, in some packages, these are called nodes. In Illustrator, we call them points, and they specifically are anchor points. And we've got handles sticking out from them. I can select two at the same time. So if I select those two, I can move them around together. I'll select this one here, it out, grab the handle and pull the handle out to get more of a curve going on between that anchor point and the center point. Give it a go again. 12. Pathfinder: Now this is where things start to get interesting because what we're going to do is we're going to put some of the shapes together to make new shapes. And this is how a lot of logos and icons are made. I'm going to take, first of all, a rectangle, draw a little rectangle here. I think the stroke I've got is a little bit too much. So I might take that down to something like 1 in there. And then we'd put another shape on top of that one. I'll take the elliptical tool and draw my second shape in there. Now so that you can see the difference between them. I'm going to change the color of the top ellipse. You don't have to, but it just makes it easier to see what's going on. Now go back to my selection tool. And that's the little black arrow at the top. And I can move it into the right position of these, selecting both for now by clicking anywhere that's not on that shape, which go to the Window menu and again to find a panel called the Pathfinder panel. Now, once again, this is in alphabetical order. So go down and find the pi's over there and there's Pathfinder about two-thirds the way down. Now, the Pathfinder panel has got some little buttons along here. And once you get into it, you realize that they actually do what they show on the picture. So let's have a look at how this works. If I select both of my shapes like that, I can go to this first button in the Pathfinder. And it's says Unite. If I click Unite, it will take those two shapes and make them into one shape. Let's undo that. I'm going to use my Control or Command Z to undo the second button. The second button once again, if I click, it will subtract minus the front object from the back object, just leaving this little shape. Here. Once again, I will Control or Command Z to undo that. With them both selected. Again, let's look at the third one. The third one keeps the intersected area, which is this area over here, and gets rid of everything else. So undo that. And lastly, this last button deletes the intersected area, this area over here. So as you can see, it's totally transparent in the middle. Let's undo that once again. So the Pathfinder allows you to take not just two, but multiple shapes to unite, subtract them from each other. Let's do another one here. I'm going to get a little ellipse. And when to take another elliptical shape and draw another ellipse up there. Now I want a few more of these ellipses, so I'm going to use a little shortcut to copy this little ellipse. And that's just out. When you hold down Alt on the keyboard and then drag it will just make a copy of that selected shape. So let's just have four of these. Over here. Once again, I can select all five of those shapes. And racking. Either unite them together into one shape. Or I could use any of the other options. Now this is quite interesting because if I use the second option, It's subtract all of the front objects from the very back object. So if I do that to subtract those top four objects from the one right at the back, leaving this shape over here. You can keep going with these shapes. I could take another shape over here and just draw another little shape on top of that. Once again, select both shapes and subtract the top shape from those. And we'll have a bit of a go with the Pathfinder tool. 13. Shapebuilder Tool: Now there is another tool which is very similar to the Pathfinder tool, but it's actually in the toolbar rather than being in a panel like this, but it does a very, very similar job. I'm going to get two shapes over here, 12, I'm going to select them both using the selection tool. And instead of using the Pathfinder, I'm going to go down in the toolbar about halfway down to the shape builder tool. Now the shape builder tool allows me to go over to my shape. You can see next to the little cursor arrow There's a plus. So with that, if I click and drag over these shapes, it will unite them together. Very similar to using that little Unite button in there. I'm going to Control Command Z to undo that. But there's more to it than just clicking and dragging with this tool to unite shapes together. If you hold down the Alt or the Option key, you can see that the little Plus, Plus there has become a minus. So what this allows me to do is to click and drag over areas to subtract them. So I could subtract those two by dragging across them. Or let's undo that. Hold down the Alt key and I can drag over those two to subtract those. Or I can just hold down the Alt key, move on to the middle, and then just click on the middle to subtract that. So they both do a similar job and you get a very similar result. But sometimes you might find that you want to use one, sometimes you might want to use the other. It just depends on what it is that you're working on. Once again, try it out. 14. Project: Part 1 - Make an Apple Logo: Now let's do a logo and I'm going to make a little apple shape. Now, I'd like to just zoom in a bit, first of all, so I'm going to use Control or Command Plus to zoom in on my page. I've got lots of space in there. It really doesn't matter what size you make this because it's a vector. It can be scaled to absolutely any size. When you finished. I'm going to start off with a ellipse. And I'll click and drag and elliptical shape in here. Now I will hold down the Shift key at the same time, so I get a perfect circle. And then because half the apple is not circular, I'm going to go along to the direct selection tool, the white arrow. Select just the bottom point and put it down like Sir. Get the black arrow tool again and just deselected. So that's half of my apple done. To make the other half, I'm going to use the old key again. Remember we talked earlier in the chapter about using the alt key. If you hold down the Alt key, when you click and drag on an object, it will drag a copy of that object alone. So I can select both. I can select one and make a copy of it with the old key. Now I'm going to select both of those shapes because I want them to one shape. And I'll use the Shape Builder Tool. What I'm going to do is click and drag over it. She united into one shape. Now, the problem here is, I'd like this to be rounded off and round-off the bottom. So if we go back to the direct selection tool, if I select this point, you will see this one of those. It will Corner Widget circles. I can click and drag on that to round that tuple. I'll do the same house. Select just that point to the bottom. Click on the corner widget tool and pull it downwards. To round that off as well. The next thing we need to do is to get a bit taken out of the apple. So I'm going to use lips again. I will draw my ellipse once again, I'm holding down Shift key so I get a perfect circle. I'm going to move it on top of my apple shape. And I'm going to select both of them. So I'm still using the black arrow tool here, click and drag to select both of them. And once again, I will use my shape builder tool. I'll hold down the Alt key and I'm going to click and drag over the bitter I want to subtract. Let's do the leaf. So same again. I'm going to use a circle. I'm going to use the black arrow tool, the selection tool, hold down the Alt key and make a copy. So that's the area that I want to make into the leaf. Once again, I'll go over to my Shape Builder Tool. Hold down the Alt key and click on this area, and click on that area. There's my little leaf. I can place above it. Now if I wanted some, let's say bites out of the apple. Well, cos, I could just do it with a loss of circles socket, take a circle like that and maybe place it over there. And I'm going to hold down my Alt key and do another one over there, and maybe another one here. And another one over there. Let's just move that into the right position. Now rather than having to use the shape builder tool to try and get rid of the appropriate areas. I'm going to go to the Window menu. I'm going to find the Pathfinder. And with the Pathfinder, I can select all of these items and then just use the second button to subtract all those front objects from the back object. And then we're going to put a nice bite out via pass without alcohol. So there it is. What did you have a go creating your own Apple with bytes out or to an adult worm or anything you like really. But just using the very basic tools, the Pathfinder and the shape builder to do it. Have fun and see how you get on. 15. Project: Part 2 - Make a Whale Logo: Hope you enjoyed doing your apple. Let's look at something a little bit more complicated this time. Nothing too heavy. But we're going to create this whale. Now when you first see the well, it looks fairly complex. But really what it's, it's only made up of a few circles and the square. Have a look at this. Here's the well. And there's a circle round there for the body. There's a squared that's used to cut off the top. A small circle over here for the tail, another circle for the tail. And in this part of the tail is re-used As the bottom fin. Let's try this out. We're going to move down to a blank area. So the first thing I'm going to do is to create the body of the whale that big circle. Let's go and get a ellipse. So I will draw an ellipse, hold down the Shift key to make sure I get a perfect circle, and then let go of the mouse. Now this is going to be the body section of the whale. And I'll probably want to use that circle again. So I'm going to hold on the old key and drag a copy of that across to the side, just leave it out of the way there. Now, let's cut off the top of this whale. So I'm going to use a rectangle and click and drag a rectangle where I'm going to be cutting the whale to. Now I really can't see those other shapes. So if I use my selection tool, select the shapes and where it says fill in the appearance panel. I'm going to choose none. So that'll just make those shapes transfer the only thing we're seeing in a stroke. So that'll be for the body of the whale. And then over here, I want a circle which is going to be for the tail. So same again, I'm going to go along and I'm going to get an ellipse. Hold down the Shift key, and drag an elliptical shape. There's no right or wrong with sizes here. You can just experiment as you go. I'm going to place that right over there up against the top of the body of the whale. And I did keep this one for a reason. So I can go and place that over there. I'll just move it up a bit so they line up and see how these little pink lines appear. They are, they too? They're called smart guides to show you when things actually lined up. And as you drag things around, if I move this around here, you can see as I'm moving it, when I get to the right place is for pink lines appear. And it just shows me that I've snapped right into that area. So I've got the whale I've got this part here, which would be for the one part of the tail, this part for the other part of the tail. And then I'll use that part again down here to do the fin. And I'll draw in a little eye. Let's get building. We're going to select all of those parts. I'm going to come along and use the shape builder tool. Now, the certain bits, do you want soap in certain bits that I don't. I'm going to hold down my alt key. And I'm going to subtract this bit here and there. And this bit here and there. And I don't want this either. I don't actually want that little bit sticking out there as well. But I want my tail to be one piece. So I'm now no longer holding down the Alt or the Option key. Or I can just click and drag across the tail like that to make it into one piece. Sometimes you'll find that this extra bits in there and you might have to zoom in if like mine, you put a little piece that you actually didn't want. So I'm going to trek across those two like that to make them into one shape. So this is the basis of my whale. Now, I think what I'd like to do is to make a fin. Now I could either try and take part of that and reuse that down there, or you can do whatever you like. But I'm going to just make a thin very quickly, but hold down the Alt key, making two copies of a shape like that. And then using the shape builder tool to subtract that part and that part. And there I've got my fin check and then add in there. I can select both of those shapes. And then I could use my shape builder tool to unite them into one. I'm going to undo that and get rid of that little shape. If you'd rather, you could take a copy of the tail. So I'm going to hold on the old key, drag a copy of the tail, pop that in there. And then once again, select both of them. Use the shape builder tool to unite them into one shape. You anytime ready missing here is an I. So let me go along and use the elliptical tool and click and drag a little iron. That's not really an eye shape, is it? That looks, I really would rather have a circle. So I'm going to go and get an ellipse. Once again, hold down Shift and draw my little iron like that. Now to fill this with color, I can then select these areas, go to my fill, and just choose a fill color. Let's have a bit of a blue whale. And once again, I can select this bottom bit. Same thing, pick a fill color. And for the eye, I'm going to click on the eye and I'm going to fill that with white there. If you don't like the lines around the outside, you can select everything. And in your Properties panel, go on to the stroke and choose none for the stroke. Now that you got you Well, you want to make sure you save it. So File, Save As. And we're going to be saving over here as the Adobe Illustrator, which is a dot AI file type. And you can put it wherever you like. I'm going to call mine W or whale. And for me, I'm just going to save mine on my desktop where I can find it later on. Click on Save, and it's done. You can always come back to that at anytime. Later on. If you have a little window which pops up like mine has, which says illustrates the options. We can click. Okay, we'll come back to this later on. We'll talk about the various versions. Just leave it on the default. So there it is. Have a bit of a go with your own one, see if you can try and do some other animals. You'll find most logos and icons are just made from squares and circles. Have fun, don't forget to save it. 16. Create Complex Shapes: In the last section, we looked at using the basic shapes, squares or circles, et cetera, to make shapes. And it works really well for creating simple items like logos, icons. But when you want to get more complex, then we can start to draw her own shapes. There are pencils, there are pins, is even something called the blob brush in Illustrator that we're going to be looking at. Now with all of these different tools. You are the one who's actually going to be making the shape. So we're going to trace some objects. Now, don't worry if you can't draw, it's not a problem. We will just go round a photograph to trace it. Right at the very end. I'm going to go through a project with him again to make a poster. And we're gonna make this festival poster with a picture of a guitar in it. So we'll take a photograph of a guitar and trace it using some of the tools that I've shown you. Until you end up with something which looks quite cool like this. Let's get going. 17. Pen Tool Intro & Basic Lines & Curves: So let's look at creating our own shapes using the pen tool. Now the Pen tool allows you to create a vector shapes by putting down points and creating lines which can either have corners or smooth points. We're going to try this out on a new document. Now you can either click create new or you can go to the File menu and choose New to go and get a new document up. This brings you into a new document area. I'm going to choose print. And just so that I've got something that fits the screen. On the right-hand side here using an A4 page, I'm going to go to the landscape orientation. So if I click on Create and then got my document are exactly as we've done before. Now, moving over to the pen tool on the left here you see there's actually two pens. Now this is using the essentials of the basic setup of the tools. If I click third tool down now on the pen tool, by the way, if you hover over them, you'll see it tells you exactly what it is. I'm going to click and hold and this the pen tool there. Now the way the pen tool works is that I click to put down a point. And you can see how this is now following me around. Now this is not a line yet. The second time I click, it will put on another anchor. And I've then got a line between those two anchors. And I can just keep clicking like this, dot to dot, making my own little shape. Now when we're doing this, it's just clicking. And I can then go to the end and either click on the starting point to finish off the shape. Or I can just click over here and leave it like that. Now, if you decide to leave it open, what you'll find is that the hen has still got the elastic band, which is pulling towards the last point. What you can do is you can go up to the selection tool right at the top. Click on that. And then you can de-select your shape. Now, your shape, like we've looked at before, has got a fill color and a stroke around the outside. I'm just going to increase the strokes that you can see it nice and clearly. Now that we've got this shape, we could do what we did before. We could use the white selection tool, select points and round them off. Or you know what the Pen tool, you'll find a tool called the anchor point. To. The anchor point tool will allow you to coach them an anchor point, I'm on this one over here. And I can then click whilst I'm still holding down the mouse, I'm going to drag. And I can then drag out a corner into a curve. Let me do that again over here. Click and drag the handle out to get a curve. Click and drag the handle out. Over there. Click and IPS. What's happened? Well, what happens is it depends on which angle you drag it to. If I just pull this around, you can see there's my curve, right? And keep twisting it around. Not set up if you like. Now what about if I've made a curve and I want to go back to a corner point. Well, once again, using the same anchor point tool, if I just click on that point, it will remove the curve and I'm back to where I started. So I can click and drag to make a curve. Ok, click to go back to a straight line. Let's do this again with another shape. I'm going to use the selection tool. Click on my shape and just press Delete or Backspace on the keyboard to remove it. So going back to the pen tool, I can then click point-to-point back to my starting point. If I want to finish it off, I then use the selection tool to move it around. Or I use the white arrow, which is this direct selection tool to allow me to select individual points and pull them around as well. It's going to pull these bits out a little bit like that. And we'd pull this in. And I've got a quick little arrow shape. If I want to round up any of those cone is, I go over to the pen tool, use the anchor point tool, and I can then click and drag if they come out twisted, just pull that handle around. Over here. Once again, I'll click and drag. Remember if it's twisted, just pull that around as you need. You can still use the direct selection tool and click on those points and move them around. And you can still grab the handles and pull them out and adjust the shape in here. Pull this one out a little bit like that. Do try that out and see how you get on. And then we'll take this on to the next level of crazy, a very simple shape together. See how you go. 18. Click & Drag to Make Curves: So let's take it to the next level. Now. I'm going to use my pen tool again. Now, just to be careful that you're on the right pen tool, some on the pencil there. And this time when I start to draw. Now you'll see what happens is I've got this fill that automatically pops up. This can be a bit annoying because it goes over everything. So what I'm going to suggest is that before you start drawing, I'll just delete that. Go along to your fill and your stroke and you can get to them down here. You can't see them on the right-hand side. The properties, they're exactly the same over here. I'm going to click on the fill to make it come to the front. You see if I can choose either stroke or the fill to get it to come to the front there, my colors popped up. Now that going over 2 to the fill and stroke, I'm going to choose none. So I've just got a stroke for my shape. Let's get rid of that. So once again, onto the pen tool. So I'd like to create a very simple flower. Now I'm going to do it the way that I showed you a moment ago by just clicking point-to-point like this. And once I've done that, I will then go along and use my 0.2 to click and drag these out into shapes like that. But this means that I'm doing the same thing twice. I'm going all the way around two times. So instead, let's get rid of that one. What I can do with the Pen tool is cut out the middleman. I'm going to click and then it's one movement kicked down. Don't, don't let go of the mouse and just drag out to make a curve. And now you'll see that it's trying to follow me with a curve in there. What's happened is because I've dragged its drag these handles out. And so of course it's trying to follow. Next time I go over here, it will have a curve on that line. So I'll click once. Now that gets rid of the handles from just doing a click. So same again, click and drag. And I can click, click and drag, and click, click and drag. Old way round. Right way back to the beginning again. Every day. We can still use any of these tools here I can go to the anchor point tool and I can remove or I can add curves again, should I need them. So once again, I will stop at that point they have a go make a quick little flower. 19. Click Last Point to Create Custom Shapes: So let's try drawing another shape. Now, I'm going to suggest a fish, but I'm not going to expect you to draw your fish from scratch. What I've done is I've provided in the downloads a file with efficient guide, so you can use that to make your own fish. So what I'm going to do is instead of clicking on Create New, I'm going to click Open. And if you find your fish file and it's cold pen exercise fish guide. Now we've got a very faint the shaping here. What I'm going to suggest that you do because this is just a guide, is before you start working with your fish, go over to the Properties panel and where it says guides, just make sure that this middle button is clicked so it locks the guides in place. So let's try and draw this shape with a fish. Let's try and draw this fish with the shape or the pen tool. What I'm going to do is go along to the fill and choose none. So I've just got a stroke. And then I'm going to use the pen tool. I'm going to start on the fishes nose, the tip of its, of its head. And I'll click there. Now, I want to get a curve going along and I can do this in one of two ways. I can either click there and click and click and click like the first method that I showed you. So just firstly praising robo fish. And I could go all the way around. I'm not going to go all the way around. I'm just going to go around to about halfway. And then I could take my anchor point tool and I could go along to those points and just click and drag out to make curves. And there's nothing wrong with creating a shape like this. The only downside is we've probably got more points than we need. So let's have a look at how else we could do this. I get rid of that. If I use the pen. And I'm going to start off at the tip of the head. Go up to the base of the fin and click and drag. And you can now see I'm still hold down the mouse. I can drag out this handle. And I'm watching the line that I've done and I'm trying to drag it out until it matches the line I'm trying to create. Now, the way that I usually do this is I watch the opposite handle. So when I'm dragging out on my opposite handle to the one that I'm dragging. I'll kind of make sure that it runs parallel to the line I'm trying to to copy and then just pull this out. All right, so now we've got a problem here because if I were to click at the top fin, you can see my line would go in totally the wrong way if I click over there. Well, that doesn't work at all. So let's try it again. Click over here. I've got the base of the fin. Click and drag out watching the opposite handle. And now I need to remove this handle over here. So I'm going to go back to my last point and just click it once. That gets rid of that second handle. So now you can see I can go to the top of the film thin and I can click and drag another one. Same again, vector at last point, I'll go down to here, click and drag out there. Back to the last point, get rid of it. I can do this in one go, click and drag out, like so. And every time I'm clicking and dragging, and then I'm removing that second handle. So I've just got one nice smooth curve in there. And the difference between this one and the method that I showed you last is that each of these lines has only got two control points on it. There's no point in the middle. And that makes the whole thing a whole lot smoother. Click on that last point back to the nose again, and I'll click and drag out to match that shape. It's got the black selection tool and just click to de-selected. Now if you want to see your handiwork without the guide in there, go to the View menu. Go down to Guides, and these are all the things you can do with your guide. So it's hiding guides and locking guides, making guides. That was how I made the fish in the first place. Releasing guides and clearing guides. Or you can do it from the Properties panel over here where you can actually hide the guides and show the guide. So I can just click on that little button there, which is just hidden, the guide I've got. Now that you've got that, of course, we can select it. We can go in and do everything that we did with our basic shapes. Filling it with an interesting color. Over there. Changing the stroke and changing the stroke weight on there. Let's increase the stroke weight there. And well, just so that it looks like a fish, I'm going to take a look the lips and draw a little i o that's totally the wrong shape that I was after. To undo something. If you've made a mistake like I've just done, It's Control and Z. So same again. I'll get the ellipse tool and just draw a little ellipse on that fish. Anyway, see how you get on habitable, go with that fish. Once you've tried that, try some other fish shaped, the great thing about fish is you can't go wrong with the fish shape. You can take any shape and say, well that's a fish. Anyway. Try it out, have a go see how you how you do. 20. Breaking the Handles for Full Control of Curves: Let's look at taking the pen tool lot further. If I want to create some curves, the way that we've done it so far as I can click and I can click and drag a second time. And I can make a very nice curve there. But it's not exactly a semicircle. And the reason for that is up only got one handle here, which controls that entire line. Similarly here, if I click and I click and drag down here, I've just got the one handle, this one here to control that line. If we go back to the direct selection tool, you see if I select that point and you got to one handle which controls that entire line there. If I select this point here, but then got this one handle hit control that entire line. So let's get around that problem and have a handle at each side, each end of the line. So if I click and drag, that will put a handle on one side. And I can click and drag on the other side. Now, I've got two handles to control the one line. If I then want to get my curves go round this side here. Well, if I were to click like we did with the fish to get rid of the second handle. When I make my new curve, you can see it's still back the same problem. The whole of that curves only controlled by the one handle. So let's try this again. I'll just use the black arrow tool to select the entire shape and delete it. So once more. Back to the pen tool. I'm going to click and drag to put my first handling. Then I'm going to go over here and I'm going to click and drag the opposite direction to get my second handle. Now, here's the trick. Before I release the mouse, I'm still holding down the mouse. Hold down the Alt or the Option key. Depends on whether you're on a Mac or PC. Sometimes it's known as the old key, sometimes called the Option key on the keyboard. If I hold that down, then when I drag you, see what it's done is it's broken. Those two handles. I'll do that again. I'll click and drag. So I've never handles controlling that last curve. But I want to break the second handles. I hold down the Alt key. And that allows me to break that second handle. Move over to here, click and drag again. Hold down the old key and break that second handle back to my starting point. Now with the starting point is a little bit trickier. If you were to just click and drag, you can see it links those two handles together. Just undo that. So the trick here is to hold on the old key first before you start dragging, hold down the Alt key. And then I can click and drag an invisible hand loud, which drags the opposite handle for my curve. So for each of these lines, I've got two handles. So for example here I've got this handle and this handle, both controlling that curve. I've got that handled neck handle controlling this curve over here. Same again, two handles. So for each of them are full control over that curve. Have a bit of a go with that, see how you get on. And then we'll have a look at doing a example. 21. Use Alt Techniques to Create a Simple Drawing: Let's try out this little example. Now in your folder you'll find an exercise called Penn exercise guide, sailing boat dot AI. If you open that up, you'll see exactly what I've got in front of me. It's just some guides to show you this picture of a little simple sailing boat. And we're going to draw that we're going to use as few points as possible. So I'm going to use my pen tool. And I've got my pen setup, so I've just got a stroke and no fill. And then what we do is we draw, just putting points down where I've marked with little circles like that. So for the actual hull of the boat, I've got a circle there, put a circle, then I'm going to circle back and make that entire shape with just three points. I'm going to click and drag. I'm kinda dragging down towards the sea over here. Now once again, it doesn't matter if you don't get it correct. We can always change it later. You'll see mine won't be won't be perfect. I'm going to now move to this one. I'm going to click and drag a second time. Then I'm going to move up to this one here and I'm going to click and drag once again, you can see if I keep going and twist this around, eventual get to match that shape. Now for the next one, I'm going to hold down the Alt key and just break that handle and pull it down. So it's kind of going in the direction of the inside of the boat. And now if I go back to the start, a hole down the Alt key first, so bulky key first. Then I can click and drag and I can drag out an invisible handle in their city, doesn't matter if it's correct or not. Now, once you've done the boat, I then want to move on to the next step over here, but I don't want to touch the boat by mistake. So I'm going to go to the Object menu. Everything in Illustrator is an object. So it could be a shape, it could be a piece of text. You just call it an object. I go to the Object menu and I'm going to choose to lock the selection, which is the selected artwork, and go round the waves everywhere. So starting once the beginning, I'm going to click and drag. A good move up to this one here I'm going to click and drag second time. Hold down the Alt key and drag backwards. For the next wave. Down to here, click and drag. Hold down the Alt key, and drag towards the second wave. Click and drag, hold down the Alt key back towards that Wave. Click and drag Alt key. Next one, click and drag next one here. And I will speed this up in the final video. Then. Now I can use the direct selection tool. Just go and click on any of these which are not quite right, and move the handles around until I get them spot on. Once again, I will select the waves. Now, I can see the boat through the waves. So I'm going to go and fill the waves with a color. And because I've got no fill in there, I'll go up here and choose a color for the both slits. Make that actually for the waves. So we'll make them blue. Now, I want to change the color of the boat as well. So I'm going to go to the Object menu and just unlock 0. So now I can get to the boat. And of course I can go along to my appearance and change the color of the boat. Next thing is to do the sale and the what that's called the thing up the middle, the mast. So very quickly onto the sale Pen tool. Click and drag down to here. Click and drag again. Hold down the Alt key, break it here. Click and drag. Hold down the Alt key. Break that up to here. Click and drag old key, right, That's one. And back to my starting point. Hold and drag out to there. We'll give that a different color as well. Let's make that red. And then lastly, for the mosque must, I can click, click and drag, click and click. Now the problem with the last is that it's actually in front of the boat. I'll make it brown. I wanted to go behind the sail and the boat. So with them selected, I'm going to go to the Object menu, Arrange, and I'm going to send that to the back. Let's go over here to the guides. Hide the guides. And you can see your final picture. Try it out. It doesn't have to be perfect. This is just an exercise to get you using the Alt key when you making your points. Try it out. 22. Add Another Point & Outline Mode: So I've got my artwork here. And what I'm thinking is we quite nice if I could have like ragged area on the sale. Now the problem is that if I use my direct selection tool and click on that line, I've got a point there and a point there. So what I'd like to do is put a few more points in here. And that way I can pull them around and get a bit of a ragged edge down here. Now, the awesome extra tools that at the moment are missing from Illustrator. And I'm going to go to the Window menu and go down to the toolbars. You can see we've got the basic toolbar setup. I'd like to use the Advanced Toolbar. So let's go to the Advanced Toolbar and all of a sudden, look at that. You could double the amount of tools in there. Now, you can have a look at your tools either as double rows like this, or if you click on the little arrow right at the top there, you can see them as a single row, which ever way you do it. You also find when you go into a to occur the same pen tool. There are now more two options. So I'm going to go to the Add Anchor Point tool. And I want to zoom in so I can see what I'm doing. I'm going to use Control and plus on the keyboard to zoom in. Now engage my line and I can click and put a point on the line there. And maybe another one over here, and another one in there. Another one there, another one there. So we can add as many points we like. Then I could use my white arrow tool, the direct selection tool, to select a point and just pull it in a bit like that, or select that point and pull it in. Like so. Exactly the same as we've done before. These are called handles on them. So if I want to get rid of the handle, I can go along to the anchor point to the same place and just click on those to make those corner points. And a little bit more ragged. If I think, oh, maybe, maybe should be rounded. Same again, I can click and drag to round them off a bit as well. Now, if you want to see your artwork and I'm going to just zoom out. I'm using Control or Command 0 to zoom out. If you want to see your artwork without all the colors in the way, you can go to the View menu. And we're going to view the outline mode. You'll see the shortcut on minus control while could be Command Y if you're on a, on a Mac. So that takes me to outline mode. So I can just see the artwork in outline, makes it easier sometimes, especially if you're trying to select individual points like that. Now I can see all my points very, very clearly. To get back to our normal mode, once again, go to View and preview mode. 23. Delete Anchor Point: Of course, if we want to get rid of any points, well, that's easy as well. We just go along there and there is a Delete Anchor Point tool. So if I go along here and I can click on this point there and that one, and that one. I'll get rid of that. And eventually I can actually get rid of that point there and I'm back to where I started. So you can click on any point that you don't want and remove it. Over here. I'll just click on that one there too. Well, get the sea to go little bit flatten in that position. Once again, hub bit of an experiment with on your artwork with those tools. 24. Curvature Tool: Now that you've tried out the pencil and you've got the hang of that. Well, there's actually an easier one. And I'm going to show you something called the curvature tool. Now, this is the curvature tool over here. If you are on the, the standard or the basic toolbar rather than the advanced one. It's the 1234 down on the left-hand side. So the way this tool works when you first start out with it is you click and you click again and as you move it puts a curve on there. Now, that seems kind of quite difficult to work with. If you do this and you click and stack, well, that's fine if I want to create an amoeba, but not if I wanted to a fish. So let's have a little look. So the trick here is to use the old key in Illustrator. Try the old Q with everything it's bound to do something. So I'm going to hold down the Alt key and I'm going to just put down points. So click my first there, hold down the Alt key and click, and that does a straight line. And then I'm going to go up and do a click again, another straight line and another straight line over here. If you find like me that you're guessing the fill in here, go along to the fill and just choose none as you carry on there. So up to here, oh, I forgot to hold down the Alt key. Let's do Control Z to undo that whole Daniel key. And up the, the one over here, one over here, one over here, and we drove a fish again. But using the same tool now I can go along that line and I can just click and drag curves out. So I'll do the body first and just put it out. All right, so I could do the tail. Let's pull that in and pull these fins or the tail out to the back, good at the fins and pull them out as well. You can see it actually doesn't matter where I click on this path. So if I click down here and pull this out, I can actually move that point anywhere around there. It just pulls it out as a really nice curve. So I'm going to pull this one in a little bit like that. And I'm thinking, well what about if I want to pull it out a bit, I can just click and put another point on there and then pull that out like so. You can always go back and move these points around. Likewise, you can go to any of the points that you put down in the first place and move them about as well. Let's do something a little bit more pointy with the head of this fish. Anyway, you give that one a go. It's kind of refreshing after you've been using the pen tool. And especially a lot of people will struggle with the pen tool until you really get the hang of it. Try it out, see how it goes. 25. Pencil Tool & Redrawing Shapes: So let's have a look at some of the other tools in here for drawing. What I'm going to go down, and I'm still in the Advanced Toolbar. I'm going to go down and find some tools in head is a pencil tool. There's a smooth tool, and there's a path erase tool. And these are free hand ways of drawing your shapes. So if I go to the pencil tool and I'm going to switch my fill to none. I can then just freehand draw the lines. Thanks. So once again, it will be made up of a lot of points. Now, the great thing about the pencil tool Is it not only can you draw a line freehand, but if you go to your line, you can then redraw it as well. So if I just go back to that part of the line there and just redraw the subtle shape in there. I can redraw any of the curves very, very quickly. And what's interesting about this is it doesn't just work on shapes with the pencils made. So for example, if I delete this and I took an ellipse over them. And then I think I'd like to make this into a bit of a balloon, but I want this balloon to look like it's actually exploding. Well, I could use the pencil over here. And I'm going to just start and just drawing just on the line itself. So I go along the line and then I can draw my explosion out over their back again onto the line and finish up there. Now for the bottom of the balloon, I want the little bit of rubber that comes that you attach the string two. So same again, I'm going to start on the line, I'm using the tip of the pencil, starts on the line, go along the line. And then I can go down, draw the shape out of their back again and once again finish on the line. And there we go. It's changed that shape completely. I'm gonna make that a little bit smaller. Move it up a bit like so, and fill it with some color. So let's go to the properties and I'll just pop in a bit of color in here. Now of course, I want a string for the balloon, so I'll use the pencil tool once again. But I'm going to just deselect the balloon first. I don't touch it by mistakes are de-selected. Use the pencil tool. And then over here I can just do some rough squiggles around. They're going down and here's my bits of string coming down and hang down from that balloon. So when you're using the pencil tool, just make sure that first of all, once you've drawn it, if you want to go back and adjusted, then you need to make sure that you start on the line, go along the line, and then finish along the line as well. If you just crossed the line, you'll find you'll probably end up making a new shape. Once again. Have a go. 26. Smoothing & Erase Tools: Now, there's another tool enabled, the pencil smooth tool. So if I selected my string and I want to smooth it out a little bit, I can go along to the smooth tool and just paint along the edge and you can see how you just smooth out those points. Now if I keep going for long enough, eventually will smooth out quite a lot. Lastly, we've got a path erase tool and it's just allows me to exactly what it says. Just go along the past and erase parts of that path. Like so. So what would happen if I did it on this closed shape? Well, let's have a look. I'll select the closed shape with the selection tool. I'm going to go along to my Erase tool. I'm just going to raise that also section over then you can see it. It's getting rid of those points. And just always left a little bit every day. And just leaves that as an EMT shape. Like so. If I select that shape, I can then go back to my pencil tool and just continue on my shape over there. Let's just put a little bump, put two over here and finish on that point. And once again, it will just continue on with that shape. Finally, smoothing tool to smooth that out a little bit. So it doesn't look quite so, so Jaggard, now the thing about the pencil tool is it's a free hand tool. And like, Oh, freehand stuff. If you're using a mouse on your computer, it's not that easy. With the maximum computer I equate to try to draw the bar of soap. It's possible, but it's not, not simple. So I really would suggest if you want to get more into using things like the pencil tool and doing a lot more freehand stuff. Find yourself a drawing tablet. There are a number of them out there, whack and probably make the most popular brand. But if you have locked, you'll see all sorts of different joint tablets had all sorts of different prices. They really work very, very well with things like the Brush tool and the pencil tool that we've just looked at in Illustrator. See you in the next video. 27. Erase, Scissor & Knife Tools: So let's look at erasing shapes. In the last video, we used the pencil tool to erase lines. This time, I'm going to make a shape on here. I'm using the elliptical tool and I'm going to go over too. Well, it's on the right-hand side in the Advanced Toolbar to find the eraser. So if you can't see it, it might be with the scissors or the knife tool. So I'll use the eraser tool. And erase tool allows me to just erase out as if I was using a normal eraser, erase from the shape. Now, you can double-click on eraser and change the size of your eraser at anytime. But there's a really nice trick with the erase tool. Hold down the Alt key, and when you click and drag it will give you a straight line. So I can just erase past that shape very, very quickly. Now, moving on to the scissor tool, this is a tool, cuts lines. So if I go along to the line or the stroke here, and I click on the line. What it's done is it's cut that line into two. I'll go and do the same thing over here. I'll go to this stroke here and I'll click, and it's now cut that one into two. Means what? I've got two separate shapes. This one here and that one there. You notice that it leaves this area here and that area there unconnected. So it keeps a stroke around here, but it's an unconnected shape. The last one that we have in here is the knife tool. I'm going to get rid of these two shapes. And I'm just going to get a little rectangle and draw a rectangle in here. The way the knife tool works is we just click and draw a line and that's now cut that shape into two. You'll see I can then, you'll notice I clicked to de-select first. And I can then select this piece and pull this one out. If you need a straight line. Using this tool, once again, you never guess. Hits the old key. Hold down the Alt key. And then when you click, you will get a straight line like that. And you can then just click with straight lines like that. Now, the one thing that you will think once you've been using Illustrator for a while is, why don't they use the Shift Key? They know me use the Shift key when it comes to things like keeping sizes the same. You'd expect the Shift key to work with a straight line. Well, it does, but in a different way. If I hold down the Alt key and then start to drag, I've got a straight line. If I then want to make that line absolutely horizontal, vertical, or hold the Shift key. So I've now got the ultimate Shift key down. And you can see I get a perfectly vertical line. But go this way. I'll get horizontal. If I do this, I can get 45 degrees in there. So OpenShift and try them with most tools. Sometimes the oaky work, sometimes the Shift key words, some, sometimes they both work. And where I'm going to get rid of this and do a very quick little shape using this tool. I'll take a rectangle and I'm going to use the knife tool to make a very quick puzzle. Around there, down there. And across, same over here, I'm going to click around there. I'm doing so by hand. So it's not going to be terribly accurate. But now I've got four puzzle pieces really quickly. Anyway, do try it out. It is really useful for just chopping bits and pieces of, don't forget to hold down that old key, but do have a go with those three tools for cutting and erasing. 28. Join Points, Average Point, Join Tool: So we can cut things up. But what about joining up shapes? Well, if I've got two shapes like that, obviously we can use the tools that we used earlier on in this class. We can go along and we can use the shape builder tool to just make them into one shape. That's fairly straightforward. But what about for empty shapes? If I had a line, this and I'll just use the pen tool to make a quick little line like so. And I've got another one that goes up like that. And I want to join those two points together. Well, there's a number of ways of doing this. If I want to join a, just those two points, I need to use the white arrow tool to select both those points there, just those points, not all the others. And then you can go to the menu, you can go to Object down to path because we're dealing with parts at the moment. And you can say join. Unfortunately what it does, it just joined it with a straight line like that. I really wanted to be a nice corner. So another way that we can do it, I just used the Control and Z or Command Z on the Mac, on the keyboard to undo. Using the direct selection tool, the white arrow. I'll select those two points. Again. I'm going to go to Object. I'm going down to path. And I can average their position before I joined them, so I can choose average. Now I'm going to average their position both horizontally and vertically. I'll click Okay, and that averages them. You can see there's still two separate shapes. The fills are going from that point to that point and that point to that point there. So once again, I will select just that point and then choose object, path and join. And now that is one line all the way round. There is a problem with that technique in that you'll see that it actually moved those two points and average them. So this line moved a bit. What about if I want to keep the lines exactly as they are enjoying them there. Well, there's a lovely tool in Illustrator for doing just that. In with your pencil. We looked at the pencil smoothing and erase too earlier. Go down to the join tool, and this gives you a circular brush. Now the thing is, you don't even need to select the items might not unselected. I just paint over the area that I want to join and it will automatically join it up into one shape. This is kind of cool. I'm going to use the Line Segment tool and just draw some lines like that. I'm going to deselect them all. And then I can use my joint tool to just go and join up these points here, that one, that 11 and that one, and make that into one shape. You can see I can now select those, move them around. I can even round the corners. If I wanted to. I tend to use this join to a lot of the time rather than going to the Object Path Average and join, but it's up to you which way you prefer. And they both got slight differences to them. Using the menu one, you'll find that your points move when you average them using the join tool, you'd be cutting with severe line off when you join them together. Once again, have some fun with it. Try it out, and then come back for the next lesson. 29. Blob Brush & Paint Brush: Let's have a look at some of the free hand tools. What we have here are two brushes, a paintbrush and a blob brush tool. I'm going to start with a paintbrush and I'm going to draw freehand a little curve like that. Then I'm going to go over to the blob brush. And I'm going to do the same thing. I'm going to draw a little curve with the same color. Now, when you first look that you think, well, that's exactly the same, isn't it? Well, no, it might look the same, but the way that these lines work for totally different. You see if I get my selection tool and I select this shape here. The shape here is based on a stroke and it's quite a thick stroke if you have zoomed right in. So that's why that's 11 points in. And you can see I can change the stroke weight over there. So it's the stroke which is just quite thick with rounded ends. This one here on the other hand, has got a stroke which goes around the outside of the path, goes around the outside and the oranges the fill. So the orange here is a stroke. The orange there is the fill. How does this actually affect us editing it will, if you use the direct selection tool and you click on this one here, you can go along to the stroke, the path and you can move the path around. Whereas on this one here, if I selected, I've actually got to go to the edge of the shape and I'm changing the thickness of that shape, right? So this one is a lot more difficult to edit if you want to change the direction that the path is going in. This one's a lot easier because I can just take any of those points and move them around. But this one on the other hand, we can then add thickness and thinness to anywhere along the line. Now, I'm going to get rid of both of those. And let's have a look at this blob brush. If you double-click on the blob brush, what you have in here are some settings, the fidelity and accuracy. This really is about the smoothness of it you can see, because from accurate to smooth, I like to keep it up here so it will smooth out my lines as I'm drawing. But the important thing here that I want to show you is the size. We can change the size on this instantly. If you're using a drawing tablet, which is precious sensitivity, you can change your fixed to pressure. In there. You'll find, I haven't got a drawing tablet attached at the moment, but it will bring up pressure. That means the harder you press with your stylus, the bigger the brush will be. I'll click. Okay. So you can see I've got a big blob over there. And I can use this now to just paint in areas on my artwork. Even though it looks a bit rough when I'm doing it. Because edges that it's because I've zoomed right in. When I release the mouse, it just smooths it all off. If we click with the black arrow, the selection tool you can see that is one shape. In there. I'll just go to the stroke and add a stroke around the outside. Once again, give it a go, see how you get on with that. We'll be using most of these tools that we've covered in projects at the end of this section. 30. Simplify Paths & Smoothing: So I've made a very quick little cartoon face here. I used the pencil tool for that. And I want to smooth out some of these lines. Certainly this one over here on the side of his face has completed a funny kink in it. I could select it and I could use the smoothing pencil and just run along that line to try and smooth it out. That's one way to do it, but another way to smooth out lines and you can do a whole lot of them all at the same time, is to go on to the Object menu. We're going to go down to path. And we're going to choose, simplify. What this is going to allow us to do is simplify all of those lines that have got selected. So in here, we've got a very nice quick little slider. So I can go from less simplified to most simplified. You can see that's less than pi there and move over to the left. It's more simplified. You can see how some of those lines are now smooth themselves out really nicely. If you're not sure what to use in here, there is an auto simplify, so just click on that and it will do the job for you. Sometimes. If you click on the three little dots on the right-hand side, opens up a much more complex simplification option. But what I like about this is there's a button here that says Show Original. So I can see the original so that when I start to change these settings here, I can see what my original looked like and how far this is going out. There's also an auto simplified button in there. I'll click that. Yeah, I'm happy with that. I'll click. Okay, so do check that out. It's in the object menu, its path, and it's simplify to simplify and smooth outlines. 31. Project: Part 1 - Folk Poster: So for our project, what we're going to do is we're going to create a poster ready for print. And we'll take it from scratch all the way through to where it's ready to just send off to the printers. So let's get going. Now I'm going to break this project into three sections. The first section is going to be using some of the tools we just looked at to redraw a shape. What I'm going to do is I'm going to start off by clicking on the Create New button. Now we're doing something for print. So I'm going to go across to the print tab along the top. I want my poster to be a force. I'm going to click a four here. And I'm going to move over to the right and make sure that the orientation is portrait. Now when it comes to printing things out, what we need to do is we need to make our poster slightly bigger than the size that it's going to be printed to. Because what print is do is they print on a large rolls of paper and then they use a guillotine to cut the posters up to size. Now, if you were to just make your post to the size that you want it to be. When the guillotine cuts, it might be slightly off and that might leave a little bit of white or unpainted area on your poster. So the thing to do is to go down in here to the bleed and we're going to add a bleed guide around the outside. What this means is that when the printer prints this, they will print a poster slightly bigger than the size, then the A4 size, and then the guillotine will cut it down to size, making sure there's no extra white areas around the edge of the poster. So the industry standard for bleed is usually three millimeters. So that's what I'm going to choose. In there, might've been some printers, particular as posters ask for a larger bead size. But three millimeters is usually enough. Because it's going for print. It's also going to be in CMYK color. Cmyk stands for cyan, magenta, yellow, and K is K0 color, which is black. I'm going to click on Create. Now I've got a few panels up in my, in my screen. So I'm going to go to Window menu. I'm going to go down to my workspace. And I'm just going to reset my essentials workspace, like so. And in case I need any of the other tools, I'll always go to Window, down to workspace, sorry, not down to workspace, down to toolbars. And use the Advanced Toolbar in there as well. What we're going to be doing is we are going to be bringing in a photo and we're going to be tracing the photo. So I'm going to get a file and place. Now there is no import in Illustrator, you always use place. So I'm going to go and find a file called guitar from Unsplash. Unsplash is a website that has free images that you can use and your guitar will be in your appropriate folder for this particular project. It's downloadable from the website. So I'm going to click on Place. And then I'm going to click and drag the guitar over. My entire page, doesn't matter that it sticks out of the end. That's absolutely fine. I'll just move it up a little bit. Now need to move my page around. I'm holding down the space bar that gives me the little hand tool. So rather than having Gerben choose the hand, I just hold down the space bar. I can then drag the page around. Now it really doesn't matter where this is on the page because we're just going to be using this for redrawing. But I would like to lock this in position, is that I can see what I'm doing when I'm drawing it. So to do that, we're going to go along, we're going to find the Layers panel. Now, I can see my layers panel up over here on the right. If you can't find US goods to Window menu and lays is about halfway down. In the layers panel. There's a tiny little arrow, and I click on that arrow. It shows me there's a linked file over here, which is the photograph. I'm going to go to where it says layer one and not the linked photo photo itself. But next layer one, I'm going to double-click on the layer. I'm going to say Dim images to 50 percent. What that will do is that will lighten up any bitmap pictures. Remember at the beginning we talked about bitmap versus vector. Will the guitar is a bitmap image. So this will lighten up any bitmap images. And it just means that when I'm using the vectors on there, I can see what I'm doing. The next time we introduce, I'm going to lock the linked image itself. So next two linked image, not the layer itself but next to links image is an eye. You can see I can show and hide the guitar. And I'm going to click next to the eye to lock the layer down so I can't touch that lab. I'm steak. While we've got this up, and before we move on, have a look at the page. There's a black in a line and a red outer line. The black line is my A4 page size. The red line is the bleed. So when we're creating things later on, just make sure that you put things up to the bleed. Don't stop at the page. Now, what we're gonna do is we're going to use some of the tools that we've looked at already to redraw the guitar. I'm going to be drawing with just a black stroke. Now, I can either choose my stroke from here or if I go to the Properties panel, when I start working, I can choose the stroke from in there. You can see because I'm not on a tool yet and I haven't started drawing that hasn't popped up. The fill, I'm going to choose none. So we've just got a stroke on their close down, the subtle color panel that's popped up. Now, choose any tool that works for you. You could choose the pen tool and you could start to click and go round the shape. So I can say start there and click over there. And I could click and drag, and I could go over here and I can click and drag again, click and drag again, and just keep working my way around the guitar. Now you see that's actually quite a fast way of going around the guitar. I'm going to get rid of it though. But certainly when you first start out, it's not the quickest. Once you get into it and you're happy with the pen, it's very fast. So instead what I'll do is I will use this little tool, the Pen, which gives you the curves. So I'm going to start and draw around my guitar now so that I can do this accurately. I'm going to zoom in. I'm using either control on a PC or Command on a Mac and plus to zoom in. So I'm holding down the space bar to give me the hand tool so I can move around my page. So let me start right over here at the neck of the guitar. So I'm going to use this tool and click. And then I'm going to hold down the Alt key and click again. And what we're doing here is we're just clicking to create curves. If you make a mistake putting our shouldn't have done those curves. Use Control or Command Z to undo. I will do another one here. So I'm going to hold down the Alt key and click Spacebar to move around the page and continue on the Alt click. Click, click. Click there. I think I'll go up to the top here and Alt click up there. Maybe down here, and maybe over there. Now the reason I've done that in two bits as I know that I can pull that in, I can pull that out. So moving up the neck of the guitar, I'll go right to the top here. I'll do one click there. Click here once again using the old key clicking there. Now you see I made a mistake. And this happens. I'd love to say I did this just to show you, but it really was a genuine error. I'm going to use Control Z to go back again. When I get to the top of the guitar here, I forgot. Hold down the Alt key so I'll click again. Alt, click, Alt, click. Run out of space there, hold down spacebar and pull that down. And I can even zoom in a bit closer. If I need. Once again Alt click. I'm just going to do this like so. We're not going to be terribly accurate at the top here. When we come to draw this, we want something which is more stylized. Alt click there. And then we'll go all the way down to where I started over here and I will click on that. Let's zoom out a little bit, maybe here. So I can now use the same tool again and click and start making curves. And I've got a curve going on over there. And over here I've got another curve going on as well. Now this is a problem and I'm going to show you how to get, how we can get around that. But another curve there, but this one is not a curve. It's kind of coming in with little kink. What you can do is if you could that path, well, you could either change and use the white selection tool, unselect that, and then curve it round with the little dots that you get. We looked at that in a number of lessons ago. Or you could use the anchor point tool. And you can click and drag. Oops, let's try that again. You could use the anchor point tool and you can click and drag out handles to carve it off. Or using this curvature tool, you can just double-click and that will make it into a curve at the same time. So I'm going to move along with my curvature tool here. Let's make sure it's a nice smooth curve. Pull this out. The double-click that one to make sure it's a smooth curve. And the same over here. Double-click on that. Double-click this one, pull this one out. Pull that one out there. This one goes in here. And then we'll just double-click it. So I'm not being overly accurate with the shape. I just want something which kind of looks the part for the guitar. We're going to stylize this quite a lot. This will be quick. That goes in, this goes in, this goes in over here. That one on that side. And I think I'll do the same with these ones here and just get that sort of shape along the top. Let's zoom right out. Control and 0 or Command and 0 on the keyboard will fit your page to the document. Now, I want to hide the background sang gauge, go to the layers. And I can just click on that little eye next to where it says linked. And that's our guitar shape. Ready to go? Have a look along. If you find that home, maybe some kinky bit sin in there that you didn't want. Just go back to the tools and either double-click to round them off, or use some of the other tools to make sure your shape looks exactly as you wanted. Minds, not quite symmetrical up the top here, but that doesn't matter, as you'll see later on, some of this is actually going to be cut off on the final piece. Let me stop this. You can try that out a bit of a go and get to this stage here, gets some sort of guitar shape going on. 32. Project: Part 2 - Folk Poster: Hope you can tell it's looking good. Let's add a bit more detail. Once again, in the layers panel, I'm going to switch on the guitar. And I'd like to do one of these F holes on the guitar as well. So I'm going to zoom right in. This time. I'll use my zoom tool and just click and drag right way down to that hole. So it's just another way of zooming in natural than using the keyboard. I will still hold down spacebar and pull that up. So if I want to do this shape, once again, I could try using the curvature tool. I could go back to the pen tool and I think that's the way I will do it. So with the pen tool, I'm going to click and I'm going to click and drag to make a curve. And we'd go up to here, click and drag to get another curve. In there. I can see helps trying to curve around. So I think I'll just go there, click and drag a little bit and click that point. And then here I can click and drag my curve right out. Remember if you want to get rid of the handle because it's not going to go where you wanted to. You can then just click on that point. Same again. I can just go in here and click and drag and do the same thing again. Click and drag. Think I can get that all the way around to there. It doesn't matter if it's not quite right. We can always fix it with the white arrow tool. But from this point, I need that to be a corner points. I'll click once on that to remove the second handle. I'll get back to my beginning and pull my curve out. Use the white arrow tool to select the points that you want to change. And you can then just adjust them with the handles until they look exactly as you need them. We have reached do any other details I'm keeping in mind quite simple. I think I'll do that detail there. And then I might do this scratch plate over here as well. So once again, I will use the pen tool to click. And I think I'm gonna do a curb their curve up to their curve round to here. We don't have to do every single detail. We just want to look of the details in there. Now that I've done that, I'm going to zoom right out. And I'm going to hide the photo. So I'd like to actually split my guitar in half. And the reason I'm doing that is I want half of the guitar to be one color and the other half to be a different color. So I'm going to click on the guitar and I'm going to go and I'm going to use my knife tool. So remember, the knife tool allows you to either click and you could split it up like so. I'll Control Z to undo that. Hold down the Alt key first. You can click and drag across a shape to cut it directly into what I'm going to do those I'm going to hold down the Alt key. And I'm going to start right at the top. Remember the old key is also called the option key. So I can click over there, holding down the old kangaroo rat way down to the bottom. And I'm going to just chop the guitar in two like that. So I'm going to have different colors at the top and the bottom. Once again, this is a slightly shorter section. I'm going to just stop. So you can try it out. 33. Project: Part 3 - Folk Poster: So I hope you can tell is looking good so far you got some details in there you've managed to cast up. Okay. I want to add some colors, might be tau. I'm just going to de-select it. And I'm good to go to the Window menu and find my swatches. So the swatches are the same colors that you've probably seen already in the Properties window we'd been choosing fills and strokes. But they're awesome. Other sets of colors that we can work from in these come with Illustrator that in the libraries. The easiest way to get to the library is down the bottom here in the swatches. You click on this little button. It looks like some books. The edge of the books standing up, click on there. And it's all sorts of different libraries in here for colors and patterns and gradients. I need to go to the art history set. And I particularly like the sets in here. It's called Impressionism. And there's a whole different set of colors in here that I could choose from. Now, by all means, have a look at all the different ones and see what, what you get. But I'm going to choose this edge right at the bottom here. And I'm going to grab it by the folder and just drag the folder into my working document here. So now it's part of this swatch set for this document that's really important. If you do a new document, that will disappear. So I've now got those colors. Let me start to select the guitar, and I'm selecting half of it. I'm going to go to my fill color. You can see this, those colors there. And I'm going to fill half it with one color and the other one the other half with another color. I think I will take the scratch plate and I'll make that the same colors, that one. And the F0, I'll select that and make that same color as the lighter area. And we're going to select all of those shapes now and go to my stroke and just say none. So I don't want to stroke, I just want this as a shape. Now. I'm going to scale the guitar up, so I'm zooming out. I'm going to use the direct selection tool, sorry, the selection tool, the black arrow tool. And we're going to select the whole of the artwork. Bear in mind, I have hidden my photo of the guitar. I'm finished with that now. I'm going to rotate this slightly. So I'm going to click just off the edge to rotate it. And some do that. If you just click over here, this is your scaling. If you go just a little bit out, you can then click and drag to rotate. And I'm kind of a million desktop very roughly just edge to edge on the page. Now I want to scale it up, so I'm going to click over here. And if I scale it, you can see how Miss scales completely. So if I hold down the Shift key, then I can scale it proportionately. So I do want this to be quite large over there. What I'm really looking at here is to maybe have some of the guitar cut off at the bottom and maybe the head slightly cut off at the top. Now, what is obviously missing on this guitar? Strings and countless other things are some of the little tuners along the top. So let's zoom into that area. So I'm going to make three little tuners here. And to do that, I'm going to use the pencil. And I'm just going to create one little Tunis shape here. Let's give that some color as well. So I'll go to my fill and I'll make them the same colors that it does look a little bit rough. Everything else is so stylized that really does the graph. So I'm going to go to the Object menu. I'm going to go down to pass. And I'm going to choose simplify. And over here, if I push the server to the left, you can see how to simplify the shape slightly. I think that's about right. I'm happy with that. Now what three of those? So I'm going to hold down the Alt key and make a copy. Rotate this one slightly. Whole Daniel key, make another copy and rotate that one slightly as well. You can make whatever shapes you like. Yeah, of course, I do need to attach them to the guitar, so I will use a little rectangle. And same again, put it into the right position, rotated. Hold down the Alt key and copy it. Once again, you might need to retake that a bit. Make another copy. And rotate that into position. Now I could leave the shaped exactly as they are. But what I'd like to do instead, I think is to select all the shapes. I'm only selecting this part of the guitar here, not the lighter part, the other, the other half. Just this part of the guitar plus those shapes, plus those little circles. And I'm going to use my shape builder tool to unite them into one shape. So I just paint all of this across there and there and then touch all of those. And now they all become one shape in there. Let's zoom right out to sea. The result. Okay, that's looking good, but we need some more details. Now, I seem to have lost the F ho, Where's that called? Well, when I made these into one shape, it changed the stacking order. The f whole is still there, but it's underneath the guitar. Now, there are two ways to work in Illustrator, you can either work in this mode here where you see all your artwork in preview mode, how to print out. Or if you go to the View menu, you can view it in outline mode. There we go. You can see the fold is still there. If I selected now, I'll just go back to preview mode. And I'm going to go to the Object menu to arrange, and I'm going to bring it to the front so it will change the stacking order and move it above the other items. There we go, It's back and looking quite good now. Because these objects are all linked together to that one. If I want to move everything around, as long as I select these two plus those two, I can move the whole thing around a bit. I might just move it down a little bit. Light. So now I think I'd also like some other shapes in here as well. So I'm going to use my rectangle tool. I'm going to click and drag in a large rectangle. And I'm going to rotate it around roughly to the same angle as the guitar. Something like that. And I'm going to go to object arrange and I'm going to send that to the back, so it'll go behind the guitars. And that's for this section here. I want another one for down here. So hold down the Alt key and I'll make a copy of that. I see because it's same color. You can see the bottom of the guitar. So I'm going to choose that other green, the darker green that I had. Yeah. Let's lock everything down so I'm going to select everything. So all of these items, select them all. And I can either go to my layers and I can actually lock them in there. Or it's much easier. I can go to the Object menu and choose Lock Selection. They all locked down. So before we start to put our text in, let me go up to the View menu. And just to view this in Trim View that will show the final printed poster. And second grade. Just need some text in here before it goes off to the printers. So I will use the type tool. Now. There are two ways to work with type. You can either click and drag to make a textbox or the way that I'm about to do it now, I'm just going to click once. There is whole section in this tutorial about using the type tool. If you have a look at that, if you're not sure about the type, but we just can do it quite simply. So I'm just going to click once and it pops in a bit of Lorem Ipsum text in there. That really doesn't matter. I'll go cross to the properties and you can see the properties have changed now to show my character options. And we're going to make this type of bigger. I'll put in the words that I want to use. I want this to be a type, a poster for a Folk Festival in the parks. I'm going to say Folk. And the medulla return there. And let's say fist. Now I'll select all the type by clicking and dragging over it. And we'll make it a bit bigger. And then I'll go and choose an appropriate typeface. Now, I'm looking for something which shouts out Folk Fest, My kind of like this hand-drawn sort of look. You can still make your type bigger, even though that only goes up to 72 in there, you can actually make your type bigger like so. Or you can use your selection tool. And you can then click and drag, but do hold down the Shift key, otherwise you'll miss scale it. Click and drag that out to get to the size that you want. So I'm after something. So change the color of the type, go along to the fill, and I'm going to pick that green over there. This looks more forests than then folk, but we'll try some white. Now. I definitely like that. Light green color. And then I can put the details at the bottom about the festival. So I'm just going to use my type tool once again and just click in here. That's coming quite large this time. So I'm going to make it a whole lot smaller. And I'm going to choose a very simple typeface in here. So this will be the details about the festival. Right? I've got my typing there. I'm going to select the type. And once again, I'm going to change the color so it's more readable. I might make it white. And done the paragraph options I'm going to choose right-aligned or line right? And then use the arrow, the black arrow, the selection tool to move it across. Right? We're nearly done. To save this out. We're going to do it in two ways. First of all, File and Save As, and we're going to save it as an Adobe Illustrator file. Call it folk poster in there. And I'm going to click on save. That's my working file. Let's click Okay Over here, it's just come up with the version of Illustrator. At the top, we'll click. Okay, so that's my working file. But I'd now like to send a PDF to the printer. So I'm going to go to File and Save As maybe here. I usually put my name in here as well if I'm sending to the printer just in case it gets lost. So I'm going to say Tim Wilson folk poster. And in here I'm going to choose PDF. So let's click on Save in there. Now a window will appear any second, and I'm going to choose from along the top. This is the PDF options, high-quality print. I'm going to leave preserve illustrator editing capabilities switched on in case I do need to edit this file. And then down here, I'm going to get two marks and bleeds because what the printer will require is the bleed settings. So I'm going to say use the document bleed settings and switch on the bleed. And I'm also going to just choose use all printers marks in there. It's more than the printer probably needs, but I'm sure they won't have a problem with that. Let's click Save PDF. And now that's saved, Let's have a look at it. If I open up the file. And this is opening up in Acrobat, but you can even view it in a browser. You can see I've got all of my printers marks around the outside. It zoom out a little bit over here. So you can see there's details at the top with the file name. This where the file is going to be cropped by the guillotine is an extra area for the bleed. I've got color bars and blackmailed bars around the site. Everything we print needs to print you an amazing poster. Anyway, this question not in there. Watch a little bit. Stop, try it out, do some more stuff, try it out, and have some fun. Do a few different types of posters. If you don't like guitars, try something else. Anyway, find a subject that you enjoy and make a poster. I'll see you in the next one. 34. Repetition: In this part, what we're going to look at is repetition. Repetition can be used for so many different things. When you start looking around, you'll see more and more of it. It could be something as complex as a logo, which has got a lot of circles and repeats all the way round to make an interesting pattern. What could be something as simple as designing a T-shirt where you just make 1.5 and then repeated on the other side. Now we're going to look at all sorts of ways of creating repetition in Illustrator and how to use it. And once you've tried out all of those options, we're going to go along for two projects. We can tax you make t-shirts. So we're going to be using repetition tool to create a t-shirt. And once we've done that, we'll then create some logos. We'll use repetition to create some really interesting logos. So these are the sort of things that we will be creating in the project. Have fun with it. 35. Transform Again - inc Rotate & Scale Copies: Let's have a look at one of the coolest things about illustrator. I'm once again going to go to Create New. And this time for a change, let's go over to the web option. And I'm going to use one of these common web sizes, 136 by 768 pixels. And I'm going to click on Create. Now, if we take a shape and we can do this with anything, but I'm going to use a rectangle for now. And I'm going to give it a different fill color, so it's easy to see. Now let me make a little shape like that. If I want to create more of those shapes, I go over to the selection tool and then I'm going to hold down, well, if it was any key on the keyboard, you'd expect me to hold. And you answered old, you'd be absolutely right because it's the old key. Again. Hold down the Alt key and drag to make a copy. Now, once I've copied that, I want to copy this second time and move it along. I could go up to the Object menu over to Transform and say Transform again. And that will do the whole thing again. You can see that's pretty slow. So I'm going to use Control and D. And controlling D would just keep it real damage or Control D, it will keep repeating the last thing that I've done, transforming again. Once again, I'm going to hold down the Alt key, drag this downwards to make the Copy, and then Control and D to repeat it so we can very quickly build up repeated patterns. Now, of course, there is a pattern tool in Illustrator too much best to make patterns. But if you just want to repeat an item a few times, this is the way to do it. Now, good me and it's a Control D does seem like a strange shortcut to use or Command D shall I say if you're on a Mac. So the way I like to think about it is Control or Command D For do it again. So if I were to just move this item and then I used Control or Command D. You can see it. We'll just do the last thing. Again. I'll leave that up to their control D. To do it again. Hold on the Alt key, make a copy. Do it again. Select multiples. Hold on your key, make copies. Do it again. Now that's a really cool one to get going with, and that's very, very useful. However, it gets better. What I'm going to do this time is I'm going to take little shape here and I'm going to use an ellipse. And I think I'll even get rid of the fill. So I'll just have no fill on the, just a stroke on the path around the outside. Now what I want to do is I want to rotate this shape around. Now, if I were to go up to the selection tool and rotate the shape, even if I held down the old key, it's still wouldn't make a copy for me. The old key doesn't work when you rotate items using the selection tool. But there is a rotate tool down here. Now, what I'm going to do is I'm going to double-click on the rotate tool. This opens up an option box and allows me to put it in exact angle. I'm going to try ten degrees. Now. If I click Okay, it would just rotate that around to that angle. But I'm going to click Copy so it will leave the original there. Then I can use Control or Command D to continue to repeat that process all the way around. Let's take that and just make it a bit smaller. Madonna shift key to constrain the proportions we will have today. Let's try another one. I'm going to get an ellipse again. And this time I'm going to go along, instead of using the rotate tool, I'm going to go to the scale tool, double-click the scale tool and I'm going to put in, well, let me do 80%. And once again I'm going to click Copy and then use Control D. Each one of those is 80% of the scaling of the last one. Let's make a small one of that. Now I've done circles there, but you can use this with absolutely any shape at all. Do try that out. And then we'll have a look at how we can change the point of rotational, the point of scaling after that. 36. Transform Again - Move Registration Point: So at the moment, what we've done is we've scaled, we've rotated from the middle of the object. Now it doesn't matter whether it's an ellipse or rectangle. When you use this technique, by double-clicking, you automatically go to the middle of the object. But what about if I wanted to go from the edge of the object or to the edge of the object. Well, I'm going to use an ellipse again. And this time I'm going to go to the rotation tool. I'm not going to double-click. I'm going to move onto the shape. Go down to the point that I wanted to rotate around. Hold down. And yes, it's the old key. Hold down the Alt key and click. Now what that does is it moves the rotation point from the center to where I've clicked and opens the option boxes, I'm going to say 10 degrees click copy. And then I can keep rotating around the outside of that object. Let's do the same thing again. But this time I'm going to do it using the scaling. So I'm going to make little shape here. And I think just for something slightly different, I'm going to take the direct selection tool and pull the top out. So we've got something which is not quite circular. Let's select that. And I'm going to go to the scaling tool. I'm going to go down to the bottom of the shape, hold down the Alt key click. And then I'll scale that down 80% and copy. And once again, control D. Or my copies will go down to the bottom. Once again, give that a bit of a go, see what you can do with that, and then we'll take it even further. 37. Transform Again & Clipping Mask: Let's have a look at doing the same technique, but doing it on a scale and move and rotate all at the same time. What I'm going to do is I'm going to take a simple little shape. In fact, it's so simple, it's going to be one line of reduce the Line Segment tool up here. And I'm going to click and drag a single line in there. Now, I'm going to select it with the selection tool. And I'm going to go up to the Object menu Transform. And instead of using transform again, which is Control D, I'm going to use Transform. Each Transform, Each does is it allows me to go in and make changes to the scaling and the moving and the rotation all in one go. And when I repeat that, it will repeat all three of those items at once. Now what I want to do with this one is just a very small amount of those. So I'm going to go down to a 103% horizontal scaling. I'm gonna take my movement to three pixels. And the rotation, I'm going to take that down to three degrees. So it's just 3, 3, and 3. Easy to remember. I'm going to click Copy. Okay, that's not very exciting. But watch what happens when I now hold down Control command and D. Each one of those is moved and scaled and rotated from the last one. And you can just keep going with those. Now, each object is a separate object. So if I want to select them and move them, I have to click and drag to select everything. And I can move them all over. But it looks cool. But what about if I wanted to constrain this within a shape? Well, what we can do is we can put a mask on our shape. I'm going to go and get a rectangle and put a rectangle over the area that I want to constrain to. So I've got the rectangle there, that's the top object. And now if I select everything including that top object and all of those little lines, I can go to Object down to something called clipping mask and choose making. What it will do is it'll look at the top object and it will kit or mosque everything to that top object. There it is. There still there if I we've over them, you can see where that whole shape is. If I then realize I've made a mistake, I didn't do get the shape right. I wanted a different shape. I can select everything once again. And I can go to object, clipping, mask and release. And there we go. We go back again to the original. My shape is still there. I can just move it or delete it. Let's try another shape. I'll take an ellipse. An ellipse. I'm going to select everything. So back to my selection tool and select all of these objects and use object. Once again, down to clipping mask. And make sure it is. You're going to start to recognize this technique. When you start looking at adverts and graphics all around the Internet, it's used quite widely. Anyway, I'm going to stop this and you can try it out. Have a bit of a go, do something, one excited. Just be careful. You can get very, very addicted to this new venture. It will crash your computer if you could do far. Try it out. 38. Align Objects: So let's have a look at how to align new objects. Now, what I'm going to do is I'm going to make some objects and I'm going to make some copies of that object. So I'll take a rectangle, draw my little rectangle, and then go over to my selection tool. And I can hold down the Alt key on the keyboard and I can make some copies. It's perfect. Let's change the size and some of these copies have got some big ones and small ones, all different sizes. Now, I'd like to align these objects up. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to use the selection tool, the black arrow, click and drag over all of them to select them all. And then when we go to the Properties panel down here, you'll see that we've got some align options. Now, the first thing I want to do is to check what I'm aligning to. So in here, if I click on this little drop-down, you can see it says align to selection, aligned to key object or aligned to the art board. Well, let's start off with aligning to selection. And I want to align these across like this. So this three options that I've got, Vertical Align Top, vertical lines center or Vertical Align Bottom. These three, If I'm lining up and down. So I'll start off. You can see it over here. If I click on a vertical line, the tops, it will align all the tops. That one aligns the bottoms and this one aligns the centers. Now would be exactly the same if I was going up and down. So if I had a few shapes like this, and once again, I'll do the same thing. I'm going to hold down the Alt key and makes some copies. Then we'll make some of them well, slightly bigger and some of them slightly smaller. Worry about those ones were just move them out to the side for now. So if I select all of those same again, I can align them to the left, to the middle, or to the right. But what about if I want to distribute where they are spaced? Well, in that case, what I can do is I can open up more options. And below the align options we've got distribute. So I can distribute them based on their middles, tops, or their bottoms, which is not going to make much difference because they're all exactly the same size. But imagine if we were using these ones over here. I'm going to just pull that one across and get rid of these. Let's move them over here. So I'm going to select all of those and I'm going to choose distribute, but I'm going to distribute them based on their middles. Now you can see the middles are all the same distance apart. A little blue dots are the middles. It doesn't look very good though because there's big gaps between them. But at least the middles of the same. And you can do exactly the same thing for the left side or the right side. But what about if you wanted to have them evenly distributed so that there was the same gap between all of them. Well then you can go to distribute spacing. And if I click on the horizontal, this one for vertical as well, click on Horizontal, you can see I get exactly the same space between all of those shapes. So lastly, what about the other options in here? Aligning to the artboard and the key object. Well, if I aligned to the art board, you'll see now that when I align my objects, if I align them to the top, it goes to the top of the opera, the artboard. The bottom goes to the bottom of the artboard, and that one goes to the middle of the artboard. This is stunningly useful for making sure that your things are exactly in the center of the page. So I'm going to go finally down to Align to Key Object. Align to key object allow, allows me to align to one of the objects. Now my objects are all aligned anyway, so let's align them. We'll just pull around like so. Now when I select them, I would like to line all my objects to this one over here. So if I choose aligned to key object, you see that one of them goes blue. Doesn't matter which one goes blue because you click on the one that you want to be the main object to a line to an I've clicked on the, on that one. And now when I central line, then it will use that object to align everything, to recruit top align them to that object, or bottom align to that particular object. And once again, you can do exactly the same thing vertically. So let me show you how I use this little technique when it comes to aligning objects. If I want to put something in the middle of the page very quickly and little shape like that. I go down to my align options. And in here I will choose Align to Artboard. And I can then very quickly aligned the object in the center that way and the center that way. It's so fast. We do that again, but with a few shapes this time. So what I'm going to do now is to just take some ellipses and I'll make a few ellipses. I'm going to get rid of the fill, so I've just got a stroke over there. One ellipse there, another one here, another one here, another one there. Bigger one there. I want to put them all in the middle and overlap them. So I'm going to select them all. Go to the Align option, check that I'm on Align to Artboard. And then I could just choose to center align them and central line them very, very quickly. You can do exactly the same thing with your guides. If you bring in guides, you can select your guides to send them into the middle of the page. Try that out. 39. Scale, Rotate, Shear & Mirror: I'd like to do some scaling, rotating shearing, and of course, some reflecting on my objects. Now, if I go along to my toolbar and I am on the Advanced Toolbar, if you can't see the ones that I'm looking at, go down in the Window menu to toolbars and the advanced rather than the basic. So I'm going to select my fish are my whale with the black arrow, the selection tool. Now of course what I can do is if I want to scale the object, I can grab a corner and I can scale the object. And if I hold down the Shift key on the keyboard, I can scale this object and it scales to the opposite side. If I want to scale it to the middle, you hold down the Alt key at the same time, and then it was scaled to the middle. So I'm holding down Shift and Alt at the moment. But what about if I want to scale it down to a particular percentage or I want to scale down to a pointed wasn't one of the four corners, middle. Well in that case what we do is we go down to the scale tool. You click and hold on the scale tool. You'll see there's a few options in there. I'm starting with the scale tool. And the scale tool allows me to click and drag to scale the object very, very similar to the way that the black arrow, the selection tool works. Once again, I can hold down the Shift key to make sure that I'm scaling proportionately. Let's undo that. What I'm going to do now though, is I want to be more accurate. So I'm going to go to the scale tool and I'm going to double-click. What double-clicking does is it opens up the scale option in here. So I can say, well, I want this fish as well to be 50 percent of the size of the original. And you'll see if I preview that now, it's going to be 50 percent. That's done in a uniform way. If you choose non-uniform, you can get it to scale disproportionately. So 50 percent preview it, I'll click. Okay. What about if I wanted to scale to a particular part of the image? Well, can you see this a little crosshair in the middle? That's the point that you scale too. So if I click and put that on the tail, now when I scale with this tool, it will scale to that point. If I clicked on the eye. Now it will scale into the I, right-clicked on the nose, I suppose. Once again, it will scale to the nose. If I want to scale accurately to a particular point. If I went to my Scale Tool and double-clicked, you'll see it automatically just put set point back in the middle and you can't move it. So how do we get around this? Well, what you do is you use the key on the keyboard that you use for everything. And that's the old key. Hold down the Alt key. Go to the point you want to scale too. So I want to scale this down to the eye. I click once on the AI whilst holding the Alt key down. And it then takes me into the scaling area here. So I'm going to put in, I don't know, 30 percent, I think over there. Click Okay. And it will scale down to that point with an exact percentage. Now, it's exactly the same when you start to use the other tools. So for example, if I go across here to my rotate tool, now my fish is a little bit on the small side, so I'm going to very quickly scale them up. I'm just going to go back to my scaling tool, double-click. And I'm going to make him to 100 percent and click Okay, maybe a bit bigger. So I can either go to my scaling tool to do it again, or I can use the shortcut, which is on a PC, it's Control and D, on a Mac it's Command and D. Easiest way to think about this is Command and D. D For do it again, Control and D do it again. So you can see I can just do the same thing again. Oh, let's have one more control D going a bit too far. Control Z. To undo. I'm going to now move across to my rotate tool. And the same with this. If I go and click somewhere, I can click and I can rotate around that point. Like so. If I use the Rotate tool, palettes, just reselect this is well again, if I go to my rotate tool, hold down the Alt key. And I could go to the eye and click. Now, I can rotate around the eye, but I can put in my exact percentage that I want. Here. So why is this so important? Well, let's have a little look. If I were to take maybe a smaller version of this whale. And I wanted to hollered of whales going all the way round in a circle. What I can do is I can go to my rotate tool, move to the point that I wanted to rotate around, hold down the Alt key and click. And so this is the point, it's rotating around. Now, I'm going to type in 45 degrees in there you can see, so it's going to rotate like that. You want to go the other way, by the way, you just put in minus 45. And if I now click Copy, I'll get a copy which is rotated around 45 degrees. And I'll do the same tick and my Control or Command D to go all the way around. The outside. No longer look like fish, just looks like an interesting pattern. Right? Let's get rid of some of these over here, and we'll get rid of that one. And these ones can go as well. So what about the other options? Well, over here we've got the reflect tool and the reflect tool works in the same way. I want to reflect the fished. I've got two of them looking at each other and I wanted the mirror to be over here. So hold down the Alt key, I click where I want the mirror to be. And you can see if I preview that now, that's where the new copy will be. If you go horizontal, then you'll find that it's flipping it the opposite way. I'm going to go vertical. And then I can click Copy to get a copy of that fish. By the way, when it comes to flipping things very quickly, horizontally or vertically, you can of course, select your object and then go up to the properties. And in the transform option, there is a flip Along the horizontal axis. So if I click on that, it will just flip it the other way around. So with vertical. Lastly, we've got the shear. And the shear works in exactly the same way. If I want to share something along a particular line, I can hold down the Alt key click. I can then go into the share options. I can put in the shear angle that I like. I always like to have preview with, switched on with this. And I can then share the shape. Based on that as my starting point. Let's click on Copy to make a copy. So I've now got two of them, one which has been shared. You can see that the difference between them. Anyway, they can be incredibly useful. These options, particularly the mirror option and the Rotate, have a go with them, try them out. And if in doubt, hold down the Alt key down to do something. Have a go. 40. Project: Part 1 - T-shirt & Create Logo: Let's start off with a first project. In this section. I'm going to click Create New. We're going to create something that is going to be a logo to go on a T-shirt. I'm going across to the print preset. I'm going to choose a four. And I'm gonna make sure my orientation is portrait. Click on Create. Now I'm going to do this by first of all, using the elliptical tool. And I'm going to draw a little circle. Now what I'm doing is I'm creating a logo for a fictitious company called green design. So the idea that our course in the back my head is something along the lines of leaves, multiple overlapping leaves. Here's my circle. I'm going to go along and get my direct selection tool. Select the point, and I'm going to move it upwards. Now, I'd like this to be more of a point rather than this curved area. So if we use the anchor point to that's in with the pen tool, and click it once, that gets rid of that curve. Now I'll select again using the selection tool, click and drag to select it and move it into the right position. Now what I'd like to do is to have a number of these shapes overlapping each other. So we're going to do that by using the rotation tool. I'm going to go over to rotate. I want to retake not around the center of the object, but a bit down here. So I'm going to move maybe 1.5 length of that object. I'm going to hold down the Alt key of course. And click. And in here we can experiment with different amounts. You can see over here I'm thinking that's probably about right, actually 15, 15 degrees. I'm going to click Copy. And then we'll use Command or Control D to repeat that copy all the way round about a coach. The way That's what I'm sort of looking at doing at the moment for the logo. So I'm going to select all of these and in my fill, I'm just going to choose none so that you can see what the overlap looks like. So that's where I'm at. These are going to be a particular color and the overlaps are going to be different colors as well. The problem is that if I've got a shape and another shape overlapping, I can't recolor this area very easily. Now you'll see later on in the course, we'll be looking at something called Live Paint, which will enable you to do that. But for now what we're gonna do is we're going to just break these overlapping areas into extra shapes. Again, here's the Window menu, and I'm going down to the Pathfinder. Now, the Pathfinder we've used before to add shapes together and subtract shapes. But if you go down here it says Pathfinder is the one on the very left at the bottom is called divide. And when I click on that, what it's done now's, it's divided each of these into separate shapes, and it does come automatically grouped. So I'm going to go to the Object menu and ungroup it. You see now that I can click on this shape here, or I can click on that shaped them and color them up individually. And I'll stop a coloring everything the same color. So once again, I'm thinking of green. It's a bit obvious, I know, but let me go with some green in there. And then I'm going to take this one here. And this one, I'm going to make them slightly lighter greens. And this one here can be a lighter green as well. No right or wrong here. I'm just picking a few of them and lightening and darkening them with different colors in there. So be a lighter one still. And I'll have this last one here being very light, almost yellow. I like that, but I don't like the black lines, so I'm going to select all of them. Go to my stroke and just choose none for my stroke. So there's the first design that I've got obviously needs a bit of text. I'll make it a bit smaller by holding down the Shift key and clicking and dragging to resize it down. We're gonna get some text in. So I'm going to go to my type tool that's up here. I'm just going to click once and then put it in the word that I want. It's just have a big green in there. Using the selection tool, I can grab the corner, hold down the Shift key and put it out. There. You can see how nicely that sort of goes wraps around the G from, from green. So this is going to be quite large. Heavy them. And then you can go down to your character panel and find an appropriate typeface. I'm not going to spend too long going through different typefaces here. I'm just going to pick something for the moment that will work. I can change the color to a different green, like so. Now let me select this. I'm going to make it a bit smaller. And I'm going to move green up to there. And we can select both of them, scale them down, and then go to object and group them together. 41. Project: Part 2 - T-shirt & Create Logo: So let's get on with the second of our logos. And I'd like to do a pencil for this logo. Think in terms of the design part of it, design pencil all goes together. So before I get started with the pencil, I'm going to switch on a grid. Now, if I click on the artboard, I can go over to where it says rulers, Ruler and grids. And I'll just click on the little Show Grid button. Now, what I'd like to do is to draw a rectangle in here, but I want my rectangle to be the same size as one of these gridded areas. So to make sure that it is actually snapping to the grid, I'm going to go to the View menu and I'm going to go down and make sure that snap to grid is switched on. You find this officer shortcut overheads the middle one in there and make sure that switched on. And then I can draw my grid in. So I will click and drag to draw a pencil. I'm going to go three across and about five down. So that's the body of the pencil. Now, I'd like to have this little cutaway areas here that you get when you are sharpening a pencil. So for those, I'm going to use my pen plus on it. That's the add anchor point tool. And I'm going to add an anchor point right over there. And go over here and add another anchor point in there. Now the reason I've put those anchor points in is if I just deselect this for the moment, I can then use my curvature tool and just go to that area there and click between those two points and pull down to pull a curve in there. I could do the same thing, can pull a curve in. You'll notice that my curves are jumping there and there, what they're doing is they're locking onto the grid. So you've got the good switched on. Great. It just allows you to very quickly get things into the right position. Now that I've got that, I'd also like to have some lines going across the pencil and one on the balance. It. I think I'd like to round off the bottom. So let's do that first. Let's click on those two points with the direct selection tool that gives me the little dots there and I can pull those in to round off the end of the pencil. I'm now going to go across to my line segment tool. And I'm going to have a line which goes from here down to the bottom. Now to make sure the line goes exactly vertically, I'm going to hold down the Shift key and get its girl right way down to them. Same over here, I'm going to start over there, click and drag down to the bottom. Now my lines seem to have disappeared and it's only because there's no fill no stroke on them. So if I move over here trying to find it, well, the easiest way, as you already know, is to use your shortcut, which is Control Y. To go into the outline mode, I can select them both very quickly. Control or Command and white. Go back again. And let's go to the stroke. And I'm going to put a stroke on them. And my stroke, I'm going to make reasonably sake, I'm going to go, say three points on there. Now the pencil itself, well, let's have a stroke on that as well. You won't see it yet, but it will show up later on. Once again, three points on there. Now, the next thing that I'm going to do is I'm going to draw the front of the pencil, but I don't want to touch this by mistake. So I'm going to go along to the Object menu after selecting it and choose a lock selection. So that's locked into the right position. Let's move along that page now. This little chap here, this is kind of in the way, so I'm going to move it out of the way for now. And I'm going to use my pen, just the standard pen tool to start on this point here and go from there. I'm going to go up, once again, I'm looking at my guide for my grid for, for a guide, every hit halfway along there. And back to that point in there. Now I'm going to go all the way round there, there, and back again to the start. So this would be the wooden part of the pencil. So I may as well select it. Go to fill and find a wood color I think that works well for would go to the Object menu, arrange and send that to the back. So it'll go behind the pencil. You can see now why I did that white selection with that a lovely little line on there. The next thing cause I want is the lead of the pencil or crayon if whatever color you are going to use. So I'll do the same thing. I'm going to use the pen tool. And we're going to start over here, up to there, and then move down to the same area under the site. Now, if I get it just right, I should be able to get it to exactly the same point. Because once again, of that grid, I'll click over there. I want to round that off so it looks a bit better. I'll also change the color as well. It's a very dark gray for the pencil. And I will use my curvature tool, which I'm going to change that point there. So curvature tool over here. I can go there, I can click on that point and just pull down to get an interesting curve on my pencil. I'm pretty happy with the pencil. I think a bit of text over here saying green design or green would be really, really good too. So once again, I'm going to get my type tool. I'm just going to click ones. Putting the type that I want. I'm going to select it. Go over to the character panel. And let's make it a bit bigger so it makes the most sense. They would just use the word green. And I think I'm going to choose a different typeface in here. It's a nice thick one. And let's make this bit of text a really pale green. Over there. Using the direct selection tool, I can move it down. I'm going to rotate it rotating it 90 degrees. So hold on to Shift. Sorry. Yes, 90 degrees. That is 90 degrees. I'll hold down the Shift key and I'm going to pull it in and place that on there. I can of course now unlock everything. So I'll choose Unlock All. And we can then go and select this and rotate it or move the size or change it or do whatever we want to do with it. So I think I might just scale it down a little bit, like so, place it over there. Let's zoom out a bit and get my other one. Pop that there. In fact, the text on it looks a little bit on the large side. So I might just scale just the text down. Now, as you can see, whenever I'm trying to select just the text, it's selecting both the text and the shape. That's probably because it's been grouped. So ungroup it. And they regard can just select the text and scale that down. Place it wherever I want that to go. Could have got two logos. The next thing that we'll be looking at is how to create a T-Shirt shape. And then we'll put the logos on the T-shirt. 42. Project: Part 3 - T-shirt & Create Logo: So t-shirt making time. First of all, I'm going to switch this grid off. I only use the grid when I really have to. I find that just gets in the way of my design ideas. Now, to do the t-shirt, I'm going to move both of my logos out the way I can place them over there. You can put them wherever you want. I'm just going to put mine on the side. And I'm going to then zoom into my page. Now to make the t-shirt, I'm going to make half of the t-shirt and then I'm going to flip it over using the reflect tool to reflect a perfect second part of the, of the t-shirt. So we get an absolutely symmetrical design. So using my pen tool, I'm just going to go click, click. That's the neck of the t-shirt shoulder. This bit here is the arm down to the bottom, that's the bottom of the t-shirt and then across, I'm going to stop about over here. So let's stop there. Now you can see that I haven't actually got that quite right. Doesn't matter at all. So basic design for the t-shirt. I think I'm going to change this. So I've got no fill and my stroke, I'm going to make black or a dark gray. Okay, so let's get it, get it going. I'm going to select this. I'm going to go over to my Reflect tool. I want to reflect the T-shirt around about here. So I'm going to hold down the Alt key or the Alt key and click. And I'm just going to check that I've got this correct. So I'm using vertical reflection and I'm going to click on Copy. Now, you can see the two problems that I've got 1 is that this is overlapping Gen 1. I've got a great big gap. Well, do you remember our join two. I'm going to go along to the join tool, and I can just join these up very quickly to make one shape. Now, can I join this up? You just click and drag over. That's now one shape. Now, this little area here, I'd like to round it off. So it looks like a T-shirt around neck T-Shirt rather than the V neck. So I'm going to go over to my anchor point to there's an anchor point there. I can then just click and drag on the anchor point. Now, if you drag the wrong way, like I've done just untwisted like that. And there we go. We've got a pretty good-looking T-Shirt. I'm going to select it and size it down just a little bit because I'd like to these t-shirts on the page. So one here, hold down the Alt key and make a copy for the other one at the bottom. Let's go over and get our logos now socket the green 1 first, green can go over a little bit large, so I will scale that down a bit. So I'm going to hold down the Shift key, scale it down, move it into position, like so. And then same again, I'm going to get the pencil over here that across, once again it is too large. So hold down the Shift key to scale it down and move it into the right position. Even that's a little bit on the large side. Now you notice when I scale, it scales to the opposite side. If you hold down the Alt key while you're scaling, it will scale to the middle. So I think that's great. But maybe I want to make it a little bit more interesting than just the one. Well, what I could then do is I can hold down the Alt key and make a copy of that, and then do my Control or Command and D to make a third copy. Now once you select all of these pencils and scale them, but you can see when I select them, T-Shirt selects as well. All you have to do is hold the Shift key down, click on the T-shirt, and now you've got these three all selected. I'm going to scale them down again bit more as well. And then all I have to do is to zoom right into that area. And I can change some colors on here. So let's go with the middle one. The middle one will be a lighter green color. And then this one here, we can have this as a very light green. Not looking bad. I actually like this top one more than the bottom one, but that's just my preference. Anyway. Do you have bit of a go? Just do some interesting designs. And once you've done them, copy them, and try changing the colors, repeat them if you need. Enjoyed. 43. Project: Part 1 - Create Infographic: So we're going to create a infographic now using some of the stuff that we've learned so far in this lesson plus the previous lessons. It's going to be amazing. We're going to create this like it, like a speedometer dial in a car, but a dial that will show the effectiveness of something. And for mine, I'm going to say the effectiveness of infographics. Obviously. Anyway, I'm going to do this as if it was going to go out on social media on something like Instagram. So when I click on Create New, I'm of course going to go straight across to web. And then in the width and height, I'm going to put in the size that I want to create for Instagram. Now, if you're not sure of the size for social media, and they do change the goal posts all the time. What I'm going to suggest is that you Google it. That's the fastest way to find out. Now, I happen to know at the moment that for Instagram it's 180. Square is the optimal size. Let's pop that in there. Do we need a bleed? Will know because there's not convenient printing from this. It's just good to get social media, so we don't need that extra space. If you put a bleeding, doesn't actually really matter. And I'm going to go down now make sure that's set to RGB color. That's the color that we use for screen, is the way that all screens work. It worked with red, green, and blue light. And I'm going to click on Create. Now, here is my square page. And the first thing that I wanted to, before I create this infographic is I want to find the middle of my page and put some guides in so I can work from the middle outwards. Now to do that, I'm going to switch on my rulers. Now you can either go to your Properties over here and you can find the rulers in there. This option appears when you actually click on the page on the art board itself. And I can switch on my realism. Then you can see now got two rulers in there. The other way to find rule is, is by going to the View menu and you can find your release down. Then we can just show or hide the release from there. So now I've got my realism ancient dragon, two guides. So I go into the ruler, so I go onto the rule itself, and I click and drag downwards to drag in a guide. I could do the same with the other. I can click inside this ruler and drag that glide in as well. Now I want to find the middle of my page. So by just clicking and moving the rulers round, well, the first problem is I can't move them. Sorry, the guides a diamond, the guides not a realist. I can't move them. And that's because over here they're locked. If I unlock them and I can move them into the middle of the page. But I'm only guessing at the moment, so I'd like to be a lot more accurate. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to select my ruler. And then I'm going to go to the Align option that we looked at earlier. So I'm going to go to the Window menu, find the align panel because I can't see the line options in the properties. So I'm going to go to the align panel. And I'm going to make sure that I can see this extra bit now if you can't, all you have to do is to double-click. So by double-clicking on the name of the panel that you're in, sometimes shows up more options. So double-click on the name until you can see the aligned to begin to be aligning things to the artboard. Now if that's aligned to the art board, now what I can do is I can select my guide and I can just align it centrally. Gone down a bit further than I expected on the artboard. Similarly here, if I select this one and I click in the middle, it aligns it to the center that way. In fact, if they are out of alignment like that, you can select them both and just very quickly go click, click to align them very, very fast. So that gets my guides into the right position. And what I'm going to do now is to just make sure they locked. So I click back on the artboard and then just choose lock to lock my guide so I can't touch them by mistake. I'll close that down for now. Now. We're going to start off by creating a circle in the middle. And we're going to cut out from that circle to make an interesting shape. So I'll go across to my elliptical tool and I'm going to click and drag a circle. Now, if you want to draw a shape from the middle, if you click in the middle and start drawing, you can see what it does is it draws from that point outwards. Now, there's a key on the keyboard that you can use for this. And what if you had to guess any key? You probably guessed the old key. And you'd be right. Hold down the Alt key. And then when you draw, it draws from the point where you started outwards. The other key that I'm going to hold down, the Shift key and that'll give me a perfect circles I can just draw out right like that. I'm going to make this pretty big to be honest. Once you've got that, I want a second copy of this. I'm going to go back to the selection tool, the black arrow at the top. And I'm going to hold down the Alt key again. Hold on the old key and drag a copy of that down. Now, this is something that might happen to you. Occasionally look anything with my first one gone. Let me undo that. So if I were to select this, I'm just going to check over here in my appearance shows me that there is no fill or stroke. So when I, I've clicked off of something, it just vanishes and disappears. So let's just make sure that there's a stroke on that. I'll use black for now. So you can see when I click off, there's my shape. Let's try that again. Hold down the Alt key, click drag downwards, and I'm also holding the shift key down so it doesn't go all over the place. Shift key down to there. I'm gonna go kind of get the top. Maybe about roughly about halfway down that sort of second half of the first circle. I'm going to select both of those shapes. And I have made sure that my guides are locked because if you don't lock your guides, when you do that, you actually end up selecting your guides as well, and that messes everything up. So I'm going to select both shapes, go to the Pathfinder in the properties. Or if you prefer, you can also go along and you can use the shape builder. I'm going to use the Pathfinder because it's quick and easy here. Click on the Pathfinder and that cuts the bottom object of the top object. I'm going to give this a little bit of color. So I'm going to fill it with just a light gray. Let's make a very light gray in there. And I'm going to lock it so I can't move it by mistakes are selected. I'm going to go to Object, lock the selection. Now, I want some dots to go around this data like a car we would have on a, on a speedometer or even o'clock. So I'm going to go along and I'm going to use an ellipse. If you want to use a rectangle, that's absolutely fine. Once you've seen how this looks in, in the end, you might choose to do it in different way. I'm going to start at the top once again, I'm going to my guide. I'm going to hold down the Alt key to draw from the middle out and draw out from that point to put in my little circle. Now, I want to make copies of that so-called going all around it. I'd like these copies to be at 20%. So once again, I'm going to use the selection tool and make sure that that is selected, how de-selected. Click on it to select it. And then we're going to go down. We're going to use something that we did earlier in the lesson. We're going to go along and we're going to use the rotate tool. Now you might not see you rotate tool because you might still have the reflect tool up every day. So just have a look around, find the rotate tool. I want to rotate this point around the middle of these two guide. So I'm going to go down there with the reflect tool. Hold down the Alt key again. Hold down the Alt key and ones. Now it might put in a weird figure for you that might suddenly jump if previous switched on it. Boom, show you where it is. I want 20 degrees in ESOP, type in 20. Let's preview that. That looks absolutely perfect. And now I'm going to click not, okay, but copy to make a copy of the first one. And then straightaway, the next Cengage do is use either control or command and D, Remember that is our repeat and I'm just going all the way around the outside. Use my selection tool and I can select these ones, delete them, I'll get rid of that, delete that, get rid of that, delete that. And before I go any further, just in case the worst happens, I'm going to get a File and Save As, and we're going to save this and I'm going to call this info. Let's click on Save. Click. Okay. And that's it for the first section. Now, have a bit of a go with that. As I said, if you want different shapes for your dots around the outside, That's absolutely fine. Try it out, get to that stage and then come back for the next part of the subtle project. 44. Project: Part 2 - Create Infographic: Hopefully you've got something which looks similar to mine. Let's continue on. Now. The first thing we're going to do is we're going to go and find some color because I'd like to make the three little dials that are going to go into this. And I do want them to be in color. So I'm going to go to the Window menu, and I'm going to find the swatches. It's near the bottom. Now. The swatches panel looks like this. You'll notice it that it looks exactly the same as if you've clicked on a shape. And you go to the fill option or the Stroke option in here. So I'm going to choose some colors in here. And I think I'd like to use this bright green. And I'm just going to move that across a little bit so it pops it down there. I want to use the bright blue and the bright red for my little dials, but I also want a darker version of them. Now, with these colors, I want to take the green first of all, and I'm going to drag it and I'm going to drop it on the little plus next to the bin is a plus there. And what this does, it makes a copy of that color. So I can now double-click my color copy. I'm going to darken it down. Now. Sometimes it's easy like this to see, oh, well if I use this middle slide, I can dark in that color down, sometimes with RGB or CMYK to less than degree. It's not quite so simple. So if you can't see how to dark in here, change from RGB color into HSB, hue saturation and brightness. And then when you go to the brightness slider, you can always darken something down by using the brightness slider, like so. I'm just going to click Okay, we do the same with the blue, so I'll take the blue, drag and drop it onto the new swatch button. Makes a copy with that color. Double-click, and I'm still in HSB, so I'm going to pull that down. So click okay. And lastly with the red, I will make a copy of the red. Double-click the copy. And same again, take that down. Now at any point you can still go back to RGB mode as well. If you want to make any more changes, I'm going to click Okay. Now, if you want to put these colors that you got into digital folder, you'll notice that some colors come in folders. What you can do is you can select them. And I'm going to select them by holding down the Shift key. And then down here, I can go along to the folder and I can click on that little folder and it just creates a color group. I'll click Okay, and there's my new color group. You can always move things around in there so I can take those colors and move them around so that the red is with the red and the blues with the blue. Right? So I'm happy with that. So I can close that down because those colors will now appear in my fill and stroke. So the next thing I'm going to do is I'm going to make some arrows for the dial. So I think what I'll do is I'll make them on the side. I'm going to move to the side here. And I'm going to use the pen tool. I don't worry, we're not going to be doing any weird, wonderful curves. It's just gonna be straight lines. And I'm going to click over here. Now you'll notice that when I move my cursor just to where the top point is parallel to the bottom one, it says intersect. So if I click there, I know that those two are perfectly lined up. Now, I could go up to the top. It honestly doesn't really matter at this stage. So there is my first, it will half of the arrow. The next element to do is I want another version of that to go out this side here. So I'm going to go over to Joe, remember our Reflect tool. I'm going to use the reflect tool. I'm going to move onto this line here, so I'm lining it up on the path. I will hold down the Alt key again. And I'll click. And this will then, if I preview that, reflect that across this line here, I'm just going to choose copy. So I'm happy with that. I think I'll change the color now, so that's the dark red. So I'm going to have a light red on the right-hand side. I'm also going to get rid of the stroke from those I'll choose none for the stroke on there. Now if you find that they're a bit too wide like mine or you could just pull them in a little bit. Like so I went to a really nice, thin, delicate little pointer for my infographic. And of course I want three of those. I'm going to hold down the Alt key. By the way, I've clicked in selected both of those shapes. Hold down the Alt key, make a copy. Okey, make another coffee. And these two, I'm going to change to a different color again. So I'm going to have the left side being the darker blue and the right side being the brighter blue. And same with this one. This one's going to be the dark green. And the right side is going to be the light green. Now what this is going to do is it's going to give me a sense of light coming over from the left hand side and that these have got a bit of depth to them. Now starting moving around without worrying that I've clicked on one and move on by mistake. I'm going to select both of those shapes. And I'm going to go to the Object menu, and I'm going to choose that groups them together. So they are almost as one shape. Can see if I move one, the other one will move. If I rotate them, they rotate together. You can ungroup them if you need to work on them individually or as a tool up here. And it's called the Group Selection tool. So if I want to change the column part of that, I can use the group selection tool. I can click to just select half of that shape or one part of the group. So let me go and do that. Now I'll select this. I'm going to go to object and group, and select this and go to object and group. Let's move back to here. So no pulleys in a little bit like that. Now, what I want to do is I want to anchor these around at different angles. Let me start with the green one. I'm going to place the green one right over there. So it's kind of just touching the line right in the middle. And I want to angle it around. So it's sort of angle to about this point. Over here. I'm going to use the Rotate tool. And if I know the exact angle that I want to rotate it to, of course, I could hold down the Alt key and I could. And that way I can put it in the exact angle that I want. If you're not sure, you just try different numbers in there. And of course, I wanted to go to the right-hand side so I can use a negative number in there. So I'm going to get this to go to. Let's try negative 45 degrees. And we'll just check out and see what that looks like. I think I'm happy with that. So we'll click OK. We do the same with the next one over here. So I'm gonna take this one once again, place it in the right position over there so they're all go right way to the middle. Same again, go to my rotate tool. Now I'm going to do something slightly different with this one. Rather than putting in a exact number, I'm going to just go down to the place that I want to rotate it, not hold down the Alt key. Just click once. And then I can click and drag to move it around that rotational point. I think that one can go right over, over there. And let's do the same with the last one. So I'll move it over their place in the right position. So perfectly lined up. Now remember if you can't see what you're doing, use your shortcut is probably the fastest. You can go to the View menu and you can go to outline mode, Control or Command Y takes you to outline mode and Control Command Y to come back again and 12, you can't see what you're doing. And I think I want to rotate that around as well. So once again, I will just go to the Rotate tool. I'm going to click down here and we're going to click and drag to rotate that to the angle that I wanted to be at. Yeah, I think I'll go with that. Now. Let's start having a look at the middle bit heavy here. It does, well, it doesn't look great. But that doesn't matter because I'm actually going to put a shape over the top. So I'm going to go and get another ellipse. I'm going to hold down shift key and draw, and elliptical shape doesn't matter about the color for the moment. And that's going to go right into the middle over there. Now. I think I'd actually like to have them here, two circles. So going to my scaling tool, double-click the scaling tool. I could scale down a second copy to maybe 60 percent. Let's see how big that would be. Perfect. Click Copy, and I've now got two shapes in the middle. So let me go to this outer shape. And I'll make that same color as my background. And I'll go to the inner shape over here and choose a different shade for that. With a really light shade or maybe even white. In there. Looking, looking good at the moment. And let's go and change these here to a different color and we'll get rid of all the strokes while I'm at it. Now. I'm going to click on that. And then we're going to hold down Shift key and select all the shapes by clicking on them. Think I'm going to make them white as well. And then I want to check that there's no strokes on any things. I'm going to select everything our units. It hasn't selected my outside because I locked it down. So if I go to the Object menu, I'll just say Unlock All. And now I can select everything. And my stroke, I will choose none doesn't matter whether it's got a stroke on and not a moment. This will just get rid of all of the strokes from there. Lastly, for this section, the little arrows themselves. I want to give them a bit of depth. Likewise, with these middle shapes over here, they're just kind of sitting flat with the background. Now, flat is not a bad thing. A lot of infographics uses flat type of look. But I want to give them a bit of depth. So I'm going to select them. So I'll select that one, hold down the Shift key, select that, select that. And I'll also select that shape over there. And then where you have your appearance panel. We've got our fill or stroke or opacity. I'm going to go down to the effects. Click on that. And I'm going to go to Stylize. And in stylize we have a drop shadow. Now, in the drop shadow, the default for the drop shadow is 75 in there. And as you can see, it looks quite horrible. Really. It's so dark. It looks like this was designed 15 years ago. So I always, you might have noticed my default was 20. I always take it right down. Let's try 20 in then you can see I've got a much more subtle shadow. You can also change the blur if you want, maybe a bit less on blow something slightly harder on the blur, or you can soften it and you can offset the shadow so it's not quite so close as well. I'm happy with that. I'll click Okay. And that just lifts those shapes up without making them look like they've got a drop shadow screaming, Hello, Look at me, I'm a drop shadow. So I'm going to go to File and Save to save the document. I'll stop there. So have a little go with that. Try those arrows shapes out if you want to make your own shapes, That's absolutely cool. Have a bit of a go with the drop shadows. You could go round some of these shapes here and you can try other effects. You don't just have to use the Stylize and drop shadows. There's feathering which is a softening. This glows in a glows, outer glows is a scribble glow as well. Have a bit of a go with that. That's quite, quite fun. But there are two sets of effects that we have here, the illustrator effects and the Photoshop effects out. Feel free to try. Either of those will be talking about these in more detail later on in the course. And I'll tell you the difference between them then. Anyway, have a go, try it out and I'll see you next one. 45. Project: Part 3 - Create Infographic: Right. Well, while you've been gone, I have added just a very subtle drop shadow to these little shapes around the outside. Now I think I also would like to put a background in. I'm keeping this very, very subtle. I'm going to take my rectangular tool and we didn't just draw shape over the background. Now, that's not subtle at all. So let's go to the fill. I'm going to choose a very, very light gray. I'm going to go to object, arrange and send it to the back. Now, I think I might even go along to this shape here to just help to stand out a bit and go along to my Effects. Go to Stylize, Drop Shadow, and while something like that, That's 8% for, for, for, It's very, very subtle. It's just enough to show it. In fact, if you take the fill color of that, make it the same color as the background, all you will see then is the very subtle effect. But do what you want. She was after all, I will just make that a little bit darker in there now so that nothing gets moved because I'm pretty happy with it at the moment. I'm going to select absolutely everything. So I'm just going to click and drag across all of it using the selection tool. And I'm going to go to the Object menu, and I'm going to choose to lock the selection, so everything that is selected. So I can't move any of those bits. Now, going to bring in a little bit of text along the bottom here. And we're going to do text in two ways. I would, first of all, I'm going to go to the Text tool, that type tool here. Now you'll see there's quite a lot of different texts tools in there from area text attack, textbook path, and we'll be getting to those later in the course. I'm going to use the standard text tool. And over here I just want to click ones and put in my bit of text. I'm going to use the word presentation. So my infographic is going to be about presentation methods and which one is best. And obviously green one here is going to have to be the infographic method because that's further around. Maybe this one over here could be photos net one there could be text only presentation. And it honestly doesn't matter. You put in whatever works for you. And obviously you can have as many of these arrows as you like. So I will use my direct selection, sorry, my selection tool. So it's so easy to get mixed up between those two when you just use the word selection. So the black arrow tool one at the top left. And I'm gonna click and drag this text out. Now, if I just drag it like this, it goes all over the place. I need to hold down the Shift key to make sure that it scales proportionately. I'm going to put that roughly in the middle. Over there. You can place it wherever you wherever you want. There's no right or wrong here. But I'm going to select the text now you'll notice I just clicked a few times there any text automatically selected? If you are using the selection tool, you can just click a few times on your text and debenture, change the type tool and select the text for you. It's a nice little shortcut rather than having to go to the Type 2 all the time. Anyway, I'm going to go cross to the character panel here and I'm going to go and choose a typeface or a, or a font-family that I like that I think would work with this. One looks quite, quite interesting. I'm going to make it a little bit on that smaller in there. And then we've got some other settings in here. See this three little dots along the bottom. I'm going to click on that and that shows more options down here. So click it once and more options should appear. Down the bottom here. I could get that to go to all capitals rather than just tapped it myself. Or I rather liked this one, small caps. So the main capsule will be larger and the other ones are all in uppercase as well. But they're smaller. So kind of like that. So I'll just click on that back to the selection tool and move that along into the right position. If they're struggling to get things done right position, use the arrows on your keyboard. You can just move things left and right, up and down with the keyboard arrows. So I need a bit more text down here. So I'd like three lots of text1 for the, this which will be text only that we pictures and text and this will be an infographic and the effectiveness of them. So same again. Now, rather than to the type tool over here, what I could do is I could just take this bit of text and copy it and then resize it and change it. I hold down the Alt key and I'll make a copy of that. Of that, I'm going to double-click and change the text. So this will keep the same typeface, the same font family, and the same style that I've got on the capitalized, not being larger. Now going to type in pictures. And I'm going to make up that middle. Hold down the Alt key, make another one over here. Hold down the Alt key, make another one over there. So this one was going to be text only for the red ones. Now, I'd like to move that along a little bit, I think so I'll go back to the black arrow tool and just use my keyboard arrows. And this one here is going to be infographics. At anytime. You can then start to change the colors on these. So this is going to be red. So I'll go over to my fill up here and let's try a bright red on that. This one's going to be the blue one, so we'll have bright blue for that or not. You can see that it's really difficult to see against that background. Maybe we'll try the darker blue for that. And infographics. Let's have a look at what works with the green. Bright green can't really read it, so I'll go to a slightly darker green in there. And then I can bring in some bits of text. So I'm going to use the type tool. Now. I'm going to do something slightly different this time. What I'm going to do is I'm going to click and drag. This will make a little text box. And it will fill the text with basically Loren ipsum text, which is just gobbledygook, to be honest. Now, minds filled with only two words, Lorem Ipsum. But if my typeface was a lot smaller, it would fill it with small text. But you can see now it's still only got those two words in there. I want to fill this whole thing was text. Now, if it doesn't come in automatically, you can go along to the Type menu and go down to insert, sorry, fill with placeholder text and that will just fill it with Lorem Ipsum text. Once again, I can select all that text. I can go in here, I can change the size. I could change the style so it no longer had that big a text style on it. This text is just placeholder text. So when you find your reading, you've got all your information. You can then come replace it with the information that is relevant. So let's take this bit. A place holder text here, hold on the old key, make a copy of that. So we put that one there, another copy of that one. To go over there. This bit of text needs to be moved across a little bit. That one's in the middle of that and that one's in the middle there. Now, you'll notice there's a big gap between text and only over here. Now, this is something we are going to be looking at later, but because it's bothering me on mine, I'm going to click on the left of the OH, from only. And in here we've got something called kerning. Kerning allows us to change the distances between characters. So if I go to minus a 100, you can see how it moves it. Overbite months, a 100, It seemed like a big number, but it's a tiny number for that. So I might even try minus 300. In there. There we go. That looks a bit more pleasing to the eye. So you can move characters further apart or closer together by changing that number in the kerning. Okay, I think once again I'm going to go to File and I'm going to save that document. Just cause info graphic. Now, the reason I'm saving this out again is I want to show you an option when you save. Before, when we've been saving, just been clicking. Okay. If I was going to send this to somebody else or they could continue editing it or put their own text in there. If I knew they were on one of the later versions of illustrator. And I'm on 2020 here, as you can see, it says version 2020. But if if they were on 2020, it wouldn't be a problem or 2021 or 2022. It's not going to be an issue. But if they wanted an earlier version, then what we can do is we could save it as a legacy versions in yet, if you're really not sure what people are on trust CS6, not that many people on earlier versions, but there are all sorts of early versions going back to 0, 19, goodness knows when. For illustrated three. I'll leave it on 2020 and click Okay. I'll stop this and that you can get to that stage. Putting those bits of text, if you want to put in your own text in there, change the text to whatever is good for you. And then we will say the sounds in a form for social media, cinema. 46. Project: Part 4 - Create Infographic: So let's get this saved for social media. Now, there are a few ways to do this. I can go to File and I'm going to go down to Export. And I'm going to be using export for screens. Now, when I choose Export for Screens, a new little Export window appears in here. I'm going to export the entire artboard. However, if I wanted to export part of the design, I could go to Assets and then I can just export, for example, just a text or just some of the dots or anything I liked from that. And I'm going to stay with art boards in here. And then on the right-hand side, we're going to go along and I'm going to say, I want to export it to. So where it says Export to, I'm just going to choose to put onto my desktop. So I'll choose my desktop on there. And we'll select that as the folder just so that I can find it. You can export it wherever you like. Now in here, I want to export it at its original size. My original size was 1080 by 1090 pixels. So I'm just going to say 1 times in there. But if you wanted to change the size, you could say, well, let's export a two times the size of four times the size or half the size. Or you can even go in there and choose a width, height of a resolution to export to. And then on the right-hand side we can choose the file type. Now we've got the PNG files in here that we can choose from. I'm going to choose a JPEG, so I'm going to go with JPEG, AC. It's a reasonably high-quality JPEG doesn't put on too much compression and lose quality. But it's still slightly smaller than the a 100. And I'm going to export the artboard. That's it. It really is as easy as that you export something. And you can see over here, this is my folded makes a folder which says 1 times on it. If I open that up, here is my JPEG of there and ready to go. Now, in order to have a look at it, you could view it in Photoshop. Or depending on your browser, you could actually go in and just view it in your browser. I've got a Firefox up here at the moment. So let's drop it into Firefox and have a look at how it looks. So if I take that there, I'll just drop it straight into Firefox. And Firefox will then display it. That's how it's going to look on the web. If I'm happy with all of that, obviously, and I have to get the text dries. Then I could just put into Instagram or whatever other social media package I wanted. Hope you enjoyed that and give those a bit of a going through. Once you, once you feel confident with all of those, try some different variations on the theme. Try making some of the infographics. If you have a look online, there's so many different infographics that you can try out. And using these techniques, you'll be able to quite, quite, quite a few of them. 47. Radial Repeat Composition: So I've got this little mask, a tiki mosque here. And what I'm going to do, select it. I'm going to go to the Object menu. I'm going all the way down, just underpass a new find repeat. And I'm going to use a radial repeat. Now, the mentor, I put the radial repeat on. It puts on a default and number of repetitions and rotate them around, which is kinda cool rarely. But what we can do is we can then go along to the radial repeat itself and we can change the number of items in there. You'll see this little handle on the right-hand side. If I click and drag on that vaccine increase, where I can decrease the number of repetitions on my radial repeat. Now we could, so other handles in here as well. So what I'm going to do is I'm just going to make this a little bit larger. I'm going to grab the corner and scale it up a little bit. Now you can see the individual pattern of the individual mosques scaled at the same time. But if I go to this handle at the top here and click on that, this allows me to move those mosque shapes further apart or closer together. So I'm just moving them out rather than scaling the whole thing. We can also go down to the bottom and we can choose where to start and where to stop that rotation so I can move those two so I get an item like that. And even within that, I can still change the number of patents or must. Now we do have some more options available to us as well. I'll just get a few more mass is going on in there. And you can see my properties panel. We can choose or change the number of repeats. We can also go in here. And if I increase that, you'll see that it's scanning the whole thing out. Or in a bit like I was doing with that of the baton ever that. Lastly, we can change the overlap. So at the moment my masks are overlapping one way if I click on reverse overlap, it will reverse them and they'll overlap the other way around. And I do have fun with this. It's a great fun too, but it's also incredibly useful and a fast way to create radio repeats. 48. Recolor Artwork From Photo: I've got a graphic here, this Tiki graphic. And if this is going to go into a brochure, what I'd probably want to do is to adjust the colors so it's sympathetic to my brochure. Now, let's say, for example, that it was going to go into a brochure. And one of the main pictures, this one over here with the boat, the sand, and the sky. Now although I love the colors that I've got on the graphical ready, I'd like it to be sympathetic to that image. So I'm going to use the colors from this image in my graphic. Now this is a great way of, first of all, making sure that your graphics are sympathetic to a particular color scheme. Or it allows you to also create variations on a color theme for a client. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to select my graphic. So I'm just going to click and drag using the black arrow tool. I'm going to go to the Edit menu down to Edit Colors and Recolor Artwork. We've looked at this earlier in the course. So now that I've got this little area here, what I'm going to do is I'm going to click on this color theme Picker. Now, if you don't see this, it could be that you haven't upgraded to the latest version of Illustrator. This is in Illustrator 2020 one, it was one of the new features that they brought into the later versions. So as I said, I'm on 2021 here. So if you don't see it, just upgrade your version of Illustrator. Anyway. It's really easy to use. Only do is you click the Colosseum, pick a button, and you click on the picture, and you'll see now how my image is just using colors directly from the photograph. You can see we've got blues of the sky. There is some of the sand is coming to the mosques knows, in there we've got shades of blue in there. But the great thing about this is you can sample as many pictures as you want. So I'm going to go to this image and sample this one. So we click over there and you can now see how we getting colors from that. So second photograph, and let's try the green forest one. So once again, I click on the picture, doesn't really matter where. And you'll see that all the colors now are coming from that image. Finally, I'll try this image down here. You can see I've still got this little area open with the Color Theme Picker switched on. And I'm going to click on that and it'll pick up all the reds in that. Now kind of quack that the defect from the forests. I'm going to go back to that one there. All I need to do now is to click off of the picture that will close and it's all ready to go. Do try it out. It's a new feature in the latest versions of illustrator and it really, really good. 49. Repeat Grid Composition: I'm going to select my little mask. I'm going to go to Object. I'm going down to repeat, and I'm going to choose Grid under the radio version. And this automatically just makes a grid of my shape. But there's more to it than that. You see the handles that we've got around the outside allow me to pull out my pattern. And I can move it out and down as much as I like. We can still move it around by clicking and dragging it about like so. And I can put it in there if you want to scale it by the corner and you can just scale that around. So I'm going to keep going and pull my patent out to the edges of the page. I've got my shapes up. I'm going to go to the top, this little handle, and this allows me to move those items closer together or further apart. And you just pull on this handle to change the distances. And it's exactly the same. On the left-hand side, we can move them further apart or closer together. You can get them to overlap if you wish as well. Just be gentle when you live in those handles around. It's very easy to overdo it and all of a sudden you've got so many items on there. I've had a crash my machine before. So once you've got those, What else can we do? Well, if we go to the properties and I'm going to go down in my properties to the repeat options. This gives me a few more options. Now in here, I'm going to go to the grid type. Those two at the top. By the way, are the distances apart. You can see we've just done that manually. But in the grid typing over here, I can then choose to get these to offset themselves. So you can see my patents offsetting itself that way, or I can offset it going up and down as well. We can also choose to flip rows. So I've got some of them going up and some of them going down or something upside-down, shall we say. And I can also choose to flip columns if I wanted and switch that one often see what that's like. Yeah, like that. Looks cool lady, ready, Good. Try it out. 50. Repeat Mirror Composition: Now the last repeat functions allows us to create a married effect. Now you can do mirrors in the main menu by choosing an object and choosing the reflect tool. But this is a really quick and easy way of doing it. Once we've finished having a look at how this works, do try out the project that is at the end, it's a bonus projects special and it's how to create that Tiki mask and we'll use mirroring in that. So what do we need to do now is I'm just going to take a simple little shape. I will use a rectangle, draw rectangle like that. And if I then want to mirror the shape, I can go across to object. I'm going to go down to a piece and choose mirror. And you can see straightway mirrors, that shape there. Now, if I want to start to move the shape around, I can use these little handles. Over here. You'll see there's a handle at the top, one in the middle, and one at the bottom. The middle one allows me to move the mirroring point around. But if I move the shape, so I'll just use the Move tool and move the shape. The mirror point stays the same, but the shape moves and an obscene mirrors accordingly. So this one moves your point of mirror that moves the shapes. And then over here we've got a handle at the top of the hand, at the bottom. And if I grab this one here, but do the same thing that allow you to rotate your mirror around. You can grab it either from the top or from the bottom. If you go to the properties panel, you'll see the option that we've got there is the angle for that mirror. But this does get a little bit better because it also allows you to work directly in the mirror area. So over here I can go along and get one of these tools, like the pen tool. And I can just click and start to draw. And you see how to mirror on the other. If I were to change the shape, it will mirror it directly on the other side. Now, once you're finished with your merged shape, you just go along to the top here, click on the little back one level arrow to take you back level, do the second time and you're back into normal mode. We can then move these around together. And you see if you go to your live, your layers, they actually come up as a mirror object. If you need to get back into mirror, just double-click the object and you back in junior and you can then start or continue with your mirroring effect. 51. Project - Create a Tiki Mask Using Repetition: Let's have a look at using in the object menu and repeat the mirror option to create a little mask like this one that I've got here. Now we're going to start off by drawing the non mirrored shapes. And then we'll go in and we'll add some marriage shapes after that. And then we're going to put some details in at the end. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to first of all create the leaves. So this will be really quick and easy. I'm just going to use a basic shape like an ellipse. Draw a little elliptical shape. I'm going to go along and I want to make this a point rather than a rounded corner. Now, I'm on the basic tool, so I'm going to go to the Window menu and I'm going to go and find the two bars. And I'm going to go to the Advanced Toolbar so that I can go over to the pen tool and find the anchor point to. The anchor point will allow me to click on that point and just make it into more of a pointy thing. I'm going to select these points here and just pull them down a little bit more of a leaf shape. So there's a basically, but we want it to be a bit rounded as well. So hold down the Alt key and I'm going to use the white arrow tool to just round this point of little bit every day and maybe pull this handle out a bit to get an interesting shape like that. You can just pull these around. They don't have to be perfect. Just get a few rough shapes like that. You can do different shapes as I've got different shapes in there. Or you can just use the one shape and then make copies of it. So let me go and give this a little bit of color. I'm going to go into my colors here, and I will choose a green. So I'm going for the slightly different color scheme to that one day, we're not making a direct copy. Another thing that like in here, or to have some veins for the leaf. So I will use one of my tools, which is easy to use and that's going to be the pencil tool. So with the pencil tool, I will just draw in the first little vein in there. I'm going to go to my stroke and I'm going to find a color for that stroke. So let's see what that will look like. Not sure what that is sharper or not. But hopefully it will. I'm going to just deselect that so we can see it. Yeah, there we go. That looks looks good. And then maybe just a few more veins and maybe one coming up there and one coming out over there. I'm going to select those and group them together. So Object, Ungroup. Now that I've got my leaf, we will use it to make more coffee, more copies later on. But I'll leave it on the side. I'm going to start off by making the wooden mask shape and I'll use the pen tool now there's nothing correct or right when it comes to making the shape here, just make something that sort of looks like would, you know, I've started at the top and I've got so this bit here which is going down, well, it's been broken over to the edge here. Let's go down a bit in there and I'm just clicking, so I'm getting some point-to-point of the bit of wood coming in there. And I'm not using symmetry for this because I don't want to be too symmetrical. I just want certain things to be symmetrical. I'm going to go up over here and I think round. Let's get a bit of a crack in the width there. And back to the start. Now, you'll notice that my shape over here, when I did this, I've kind of got this almost shadow or depth to it. So what I did there was I got rid of first of all, the strokes are no stroke on there. And I went to the fill and I chose a dark color. And now, if you don't have the right colors in here, you can always make up your own colors, or you can get down to the libraries in there and just pick from the various color books. I'm going to go to art history because there's some really interesting colors in here. Let's have a look at some of these Barak colors because I got some really nice warm wooden type colors over there. So I think I'll choose this set in here and you can see how it's popped up in there. Let's have a look at another one. So click on this one and it pops up into my appearance. I need a dark background, so I'll go over here and pick a omega dark brown for the back. Then I'm going to make a copy. So I'm going to hold down the Alt key and drag a copy. This doesn't have to be perfect. We're just looking for an effect over here and the copy is going to be a much lighter would say, maybe something like that. You can see what the color scheme that I'm going for. That's a lot more bluey. I'm going for something a lot warmer. And now I can take my leaf ever here. I'll hold down the Alt key and just make a few copies. And we can place them around. It's at one there. This one here. You want to flip them, go across to the Properties panel. You can just flip them over. Like that. And it's a slightly bigger ones. Have the scale this one up and rotate it around. We just want a few. Well, let's flip that one too and rotate that about as well. I think we actually need something on the other side, so I'll hold down the Alt key, make a copy of that, flip that over and place it over there, but rotated just a little bit more. Now, I think that's, that's it for the, the base of the shape. Now what I want to do is to select all of these items. And I'm going to go to the Object menu, and I'm going to lock them. So I can't touch them by mistake. But let's get on with some symmetry. So I'm going to do the eyes now. So to make an eye, I'm going to take a little shape. I'm going to then make a copy of that shape. Select them both, and use the remember the shape builder tool. I could use the shape builder tool, hold down the Alt key and subtract that section. And that kind of gives me an eyebrow. If you want to, you can just make a copy of that. May look fairly close together. And then maybe just down a little bit like that and change the colors of them. So maybe this is the top one, is 0. Let's go with this of a bluish color over there. But the bottom one, they wanted to be the same colors that I'm going to make that slightly darker brown. So there's my first eyebrow bit on the large side, we'll scale it down a little bit like that. And we need the eye to go in there as well. Very similar process, just make your shape. In this case, I'll make a second shape. There. Select them both, and use the shape builder tool to subtract the bottom. So I'm holding down the Alt key and clicking to subtract the bottom. And we can then move that into whatever kind of shape. Right? And same again, if you want to have two of them, you can do two of them. I'll just do one for this one here and I'm going to give him old. Let's go. Maybe a red British. I place him in there. Let's do a little bit of the nodes as well. So this time I'll use the pen tool to just draw a little section, the nose. And I'm going to move that across to roughly where that little sliver side particularism that all it's cold but it's a side pot. And I think it's give that a different color as well. Maybe it's more of a brown. Women, a lighter brown. Right? That's brilliant. I'm going to take those now. Now I want to reflect themselves. I get a second one in there. So I'm going to go to Object, repeat. And I'm going to use mirror. And you can see straight away it's mirrored it. But the eyes are a little bit too close together. So in the mirror option, we've got the surplus, the middle. If I click on that, I can just move them apart and they were both move at the same time. You can see I can move them as far as I as I like. If I get to these ones here and move them around, you'll see it keeps the mirror in the same position, but it moves the objects in relation to the mirror. If I click on this one, I'm moving the line for the mirror itself. If you want to rotate them a little bit, you can click on the handle at the bottom or the top. And you're able to then rotate them around. And there's a setting for that in the Properties menu over here, where we can change the angle of the repeat. But this is not all because I'd also like a mouth. So I'm going to use the pen in my mirror area. I'm going to click and I'm going to just click and drag around to make a mouth shape. And you can see what I'm actually drawing this. It's doing the opposite side. I think what we need for that is no fill and a nice red, reddish stroke. And I'm going to increase the stroke width. Weight on that. You can always move it around using your white arrow tool. So if it's not quite right, and I just pull it around to wherever you want it to go. You can also, once you select the points, you can use the arrows on the keyboard to just move them up and down, left and right. If you need. I think we need this little top section here and this bottom section over there in here as well. So once again, I'm just going to use the pen up to roughly the middle and then start to draw that little section over there. And that one, once again, I'm going to get rid of my fill. And I'm just going to go to a stroke and put a stroke color on that. If it's not quite right, you can select. Oops, let's try that again. Top contract. You can select the individual points and just move them with the arrow keys on the keyboard. I'm moving those two closer together like that. And then we'll do the exactly the same with the bottom as well. Pentaho. Have it there. And hopefully it doesn't look too bad. It's because we're missing ears, aren't we? We put the teeth in later on and the middle of the nose as well. But for the moment, let's do some ears over here, so we'll have an air coming out there. And that gives us an ear. On the other side. Well, we need to do now is to get at a mirror, repeat, and that is clicking on this top left hand corner little arrow there takes you back a level, do it again and you asked me, repeat. Now we can just make some some teeth and maybe the nose in the middle. And I'm going to do that. The nose are separate things that I wanted to be too symmetrical, so it looks sort of bit scruffy like that. And I'll place that right in the middle of them. So you've got some symmetry in some non symmetry in there. And then for the teeth will need to go in and make some teeth type of shapes. Now this can take a little while. I'm going to cheat. Now I'm just going to use some rounded rectangles over there and just get a little rounded rectangle like that. But you can see that's not a rounded rectangle, that's looks like a circle. And as I drag this out, when it's bigger, it looks like a rounded rectangle. You can adjust the corners over here so you can grab that little widget there and just adjust your corner shape to get it absolutely right. So let me zoom in over here to this one tooth that I've got in there. And I'll just adjust the corners to make them maybe a little bit less. Adh will make that tooth white. Make it a bit smaller and lacking. Just go in and pushing a whole bunch of teeth in here. Now, I'm going to move one with the old key and then hold down an IV or a Mac. It's command. If you're on a PC, it's Control and then press D and it will just make copies for me. And I'll do the same over here. I'll just move one of these down. So hold down the Alt key down to there. And then I'm going to do the same thing again, hold down the OP and move one across, and then Control or Command D. To make copies. Of course we can go into each of those and adjust them so they're not quite so perfect. In there we have some few wonky teeth up and down here. Let's even have a missing tooth in the middle. Now with your adjustments, you can go into your layers ever here. And I'll find all of my teeth, which are these ones here, all the way down to there. So I'm just holding down my Shift key. I'm selecting all of those teeth in there by clicking on the little circle in the layers panel. I'm going to go to the Object menu and groups them together. So I've got them as a group. And now I can move that whole group underneath the mouth, but in front of the mask itself. So that gives us this kind of look over here. If you want to put in some eyeballs in there, that's absolutely fine, but it's supposed to be a amass and you cause you can go in and add more details to anything that you like in here. But I'm going to stop there so you can have a bit of a go with this. If you haven't picked up all these bits, go back on the video player, bit more, stop. Do it, play bit more, stop and do it and create something really, really wild and exciting. Have fun with it. 52. Course Conclusion for Illustrator Beginner: Well done and completed. The first part of this illustrates a series. I hope your stuff is looking amazing. Now it is, as I said, a second part. So soon as you feel confident which should be gone now, jump straight into that second part. I'll see you there.