Beginner Music Theory Lesson: The Nashville Number System | Nancy Bernard | Skillshare

Beginner Music Theory Lesson: The Nashville Number System

Nancy Bernard

Beginner Music Theory Lesson: The Nashville Number System

Nancy Bernard

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14 Lessons (39m)
    • 1. Class seriese intro new

      0:18
    • 2. Why Music Theory Is Your Best Friend

      1:12
    • 3. Musical Alphabet and it's whole and half steps

      2:46
    • 4. Whole Steps and Half Steps Demo

      1:17
    • 5. Sharps flats

      3:31
    • 6. Sharps and Flats Demo

      1:17
    • 7. FCGDAEB Sharps - This is Where it Gets Good!

      5:48
    • 8. FCGDAEB Sharps Demo

      6:03
    • 9. FCGDAEB Flats

      2:27
    • 10. FCGDAEB Flats Demo

      3:27
    • 11. The Number System and Transposing - This Is Where It All Comes Together!

      5:08
    • 12. The Number System and Transposing Demo

      3:19
    • 13. The Golden Chords - 1 4 5 6m

      1:23
    • 14. Golden Chord Demo

      0:55
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About This Class

Here's a link for a free trial of Skillshare Preminum:

https://www.skillshare.com/r/profile/Nancy-Bernard/1635685

In this class, I will teach you the EASIEST way to transpose and know what chords go in a key.  Your just a few pieces of knowledge away from transforming your entire musical world.  I'm not kidding!

In my college level music theory classes, we learned a lot of really complicated music theory.  I'm grateful for that solid foundation. But on the ground level, when I'm playing my favorite song off the radio, or writing my own, or playing in a band or with a team of other musicians, that complicated stuff isn't very practical.  I've boiled that all down into a pinpointed class, aimed at getting you playing the songs you want to, in the key you want to, by teaching you the system professional musicians lots of genres use to play together in any key and without music. Introducing: The Nashville Number System, and all the music theory you need to know to totally master it (with no complicated extras).    

I use this technique EVERY TIME I play. And it will change your musical life. Teach it to your whole band and experience the freedom to play without music, and together change keys easily, anytime you want.

This class will enable you to:

Transpose on the fly with ease (changing from one key to another key)

Chose combinations of chords that sound great together

Chose melody notes that sound great together

Finally add chords to those lyrics you wrote all those years ago.

This music theory is ESSENTIAL for:

Transposing

Improvising

Songwritting with lyrics and chords

This is my favorite golden nugget to teach because it transforms my student's playing and opens up their possibility for creativity.  Let's dive in!

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Transcripts

1. Class seriese intro new: Hi. I'm Nancy Bernard. This is one of the classes that I created to fast track my students to accomplish. Their musical gold in these classes will learn all of the essential information that you need to know. Toe. Accomplish that one goal. You don't need to learn everything in order to accomplish something great. 2. Why Music Theory Is Your Best Friend: Here we go. And now we're gonna walk through the music theory that it takes Teoh, learn how to it improv and had a transposed from one key to another. So been playing a song in one key, and I want to take it to a a new key. Maybe it's to hire too low for me to sing. I can easily do that using the music period that I'm gonna teach here. And it's actually not all music theory that exists in music. It's just the specific things that you need to know to know how to transpose easily on the fly. You play with any other musicians, you could easily teach this to them, and then your whole team, your whole band, will be able to transpose together on your own whim. So that's pretty cool. This is also really useful for song writing. If you've ever wondered, How do I know what cords go together? You know, I just pick out rain and cords that I think sound good. You could do that. There's also rules that will tell you what cords go together in a key, and it doesn't mean that you can't break the rules on purpose, but you want to break rules intentionally and on purpose. So let's learn what the rules are, and then you could follow them and also break them on purpose whenever you want to. 3. Musical Alphabet and it's whole and half steps: Okay, let's learn about what musical Awesome. But the musical alphabet goes from A to G once it gets to G starts over at a and it keeps going. So there's really only seven letter names in the musical alphabet in seven Lauder names on the piano, However, there are sharps and flats, so that means there's an a sharp There's a B sharp, a C sharp, D sharp, etcetera. And those notes are different notes than the letter itself. So in a if I play it on the piano, for example, or any instrument is a different note than in a sharp. So if your music says a sharp, you cannot substitute in a and if it says a cannot substitute and a sharp. So there are seven letter names. But there are also seven sharp and seven flats for each of those letters, so there's really 21 different note names. Before we learned how to insert the Sharps and the flats into the musical alphabet, we have to learn what a whole step and 1/2 step are. So let's insert first the whole steps in half steps into the musical alphabet. All of these letters are whole step apart. Except for two exceptions. I'm gonna put in the whole steps first, and then the half steps. This symbol is what we used to show a whole step. Okay. What this drawing is showing you is what letters are whole Step apart from A to B is a whole step apart from C to D is a whole step apart. D t e is a whole step apart, etcetera. Now I'm going to insert the two exceptions. These letters are only 1/2 step apart. We use this simple to show 1/2 step B two c is 1/2 step apart. You two f is 1/2 step apart. Okay, so now think of a whole and in between, a hole is 1/2. So between each of our whole steps is 1/2 step. I'm gonna draw the half step with a line, so imagine that this line represents 1/2 step up from a and 1/2 step down from B up meaning further up in the alphabet and down meaning further down in the alphabet. This also translate it into sound. And it also translates to your instrument. So the higher I go up on the piano. The higher it sounds to the right is going up in the alphabet. The lower it sounds and to the left, on the piano or closer to the head on. My guitar is going down in the alphabet. I'm gonna go ahead and mark the half steps between all of our whole steps. All of this is going to be explained in relation to the piano in the next video. 4. Whole Steps and Half Steps Demo: Okay, Whole steps and 1/2 steps. 1/2 step is from one key to the very next key. It doesn't matter if it's white or black, so in this case, I'm on C. I'm gonna go up 1/2 step very next note, which is a black note. Now I'm going to go down 1/2 stoke half step to the very next note, which is a white no. So, visually, those half steps look different. But they're both half steps because it's from one note to the very next note. That's 1/2 step. Have sto. Have step half step on. That's 1/2 step. Even though they look different. All that a whole step is to half steps. So if I start on see again and I want to go up the whole step, I go up to half steps and now that's a whole step above so wholesome above sea Is de Holst up above D. Is he a whole step above E? Is that no right there? Remember, it doesn't matter visually what it looks like or what color the notes are. It just means that you go up a proper number of half step So if I want to go up a whole step, I need to go up to half steps. That's a whole step. This'll works going up or down. So if I want to go down a whole step from C, I need to go down to half steps. There's a whole step down from C. 5. Sharps flats: Okay, now we're ready to insert the Sharps and the flats into our musical alphabet. A sharp is when the note is raised. 1/2 step, a flat is 1/2 step down. That means 1/2 step up from a isn't a sharp I have stepped down from B is a B flat. One thing that's worth noting as that this note right here that's 1/2 step between and B is the same note sounding. It sounds the same. It's just sometimes labeled with different labels, depending on what key or scale you're playing in. And that's why we're learning this first. Before we talk about our key that were playing in and the cords that were using in a key because you're going to see that and a sharp might be included in your key or in your cords . And sometimes it might be called a B flat. It's the same. No, it just has different labels. We call that and harmonic. When one note has multiple names, remember that I'll show this on the piano in the next video. Okay, I just want to remind you that these notes that are half step between our letters that our whole step apart, they're the same note. So it a shark gonna be flat Sound exactly the same. And it's the same key. Um, the same key that you press on the piano. They are the same note. So even though there's two labels for them, it's not too different notes than the same note. Okay, so now we have between B and C, and there's no, um, there's no no here between B and C, because 1/2 step up from B is See, So another name for C is be sharp because C is 1/2 step up from B. Another name for B is C flat because B is 1/2 step lower than see same thing with the F A. 1/2 step up from E is F or e sharp. Remember the same note but different names, depending on what key you're in. Okay, so let's review The whole step is just to half steps all the letters in the musical alphabet. Our host of a part with two exceptions between B and C is only 1/2 step in between, E and F is only 1/2 step, and between all of our whole steps. We have those half steps, and those could be labeled with the Sharps or the flats, depending on if we are going 1/2 step higher than the letter or half step lower than the letter. When one note has multiple names, it's called it and harmonic. So, really, all of these could be labeled with multiple names, depending on what key were in. And that's why we're learning this now before we talk about keys, remember that I'm gonna show you in the next lesson how this applies to the piano. 6. Sharps and Flats Demo: all that a sharp is is 1/2 step up from the note, and a flat is 1/2 step down from the note. So sharps air going up 1/2 step flats going down 1/2 step. Let's take C two c sharp so I go up half step in now a month c sharp If I want to start on sea and go to see flat than I go down 1/2 step. Now I'm on C flat, so you'll notice that See Flat has another name and that's B is the note of B. So we call that an end. Harmonic. When a note has multiple names, let's try some more sharps and flats. Let's start on G C D E F G on go up Teoh G shirt Now let's go to G flat now Let's go toe f Let's go toe F shirt. Remember that sharps are going up. Let's go to F flat and to go down 1/2 step toe s flat. So remember it doesn't matter if the notes are white or black were thinking in terms of half steps here. So from F, we go down 1/2 step F flat now that F Flat also has another name, and that's a right C e eso that isn't an harmonic. It's one note, but it has multiple names. 7. FCGDAEB Sharps - This is Where it Gets Good! : Okay, Now we're gonna learn how to know what Sharps or flats going a key. And this is a trick that I learned from someone else Didn't make this up. But it is my absolute favorite thing to teach and pass on because I use this literally Every single time I play, I use it to transpose I use it to know what notes on the piano I can use in my improv if I'm playing in a certain key or use it to know what courts I can play on the guitar. If I want to play a song like I waas write a song to know what chords are available to me that I'll go together. What notes go together? What cords go together Useful for songwriting, Improv? Transposing. First, we're gonna talk about the keys that have sharps. We're gonna wait on the keys that have flats. It all starts with a simple acronym. I remember this by saying fat cats go down after eating birds. It makes no sense. That's what was taught to me. You should make up your own acronym. It doesn't have to make sense either, as long as you can remember it. this acronym is gonna teach us to really important things. The first thing is how maney, sharps or flats are included in a key, and then what notes they are. So this acronym is going to teach us how many sharps and flats and what nets they are. There's only one thing you have to memorize for this acronym. After that, it all falls into place. The thing to memorize is that C has zero sharps and zero flats in it. It's kind of like our neutral key zero sharp zero flats. The scale or the key of C is just c d e f g a be on and then ends at sea. So from sea to sea, those air all the notes that we get to use If I'm playing in the key of C on the piano, I get to use all those notes to play. If I'm playing chords on the guitar, I get to use all those cords to play. We're not gonna talk about whether they're going to be major or minor chords in this video , but we will in later videos in the same class. Okay, so see has zero sharps and flats to add sharps. Now we're going to go to the right. So we're learning how to manipulate this acronym as, like, a memory trick to help us remember lots of information. So see, has zero g has one sharpen it. One of the notes in the key of G is sharp. Remember that We're gonna learn which note that is afterwards. First, we're just learning how many de just keep going has to sharks in it. The key of a has three sharps. He has four Sharps b has five shares. Okay, so now this acronym Right now, we need to include f, right? So we're gonna wrap around to the beginning, Goto asked. And any time we wrap around, here's another rule to remember about this acronym. Any time you wrap around like that, you're gonna add the sharp to the name of the key. So now we're not talking about the key of F for talking about the key of f sharp. The key of F Sharp has six sharps in it. That rule about wrapping around can continue now. So we went toe f shark. Now we're gonna go to the key of C sharp and it has seven sharps in it, and you could keep going to like G sharp. So now we know how to figure out using this acronym. How many notes in a key are Sharpton flat malice Learn what notes are they? This part is really simple. So we have this acronym. Fat cats go down after eating birds. Okay, so this is also the order that the Sharps are added. So if sea has zero, we don't add any sharps to the key. Just like I wrote down here. If G has one sharp, it's going to be f Okay, So if I write the key of G or the scale of G down here, g a b c d he just following the outfit the musical off, But F g f is my one sharp in the key of G. So here's f and I'm going to add that sharp here down here. So now if I'm playing on the piano, I have in the key of G. I have all of these letters available to me to play in the key of G or I have all of these cords available to me to use if I'm in the key of G. Just remember that we aren't talking yet about whether these are major chords or minor chords, because that's gonna come in another video in the same class. So continue watching all of these videos because they all complete each other. Okay, so let's another example in the key of E, I have four sharps and the key V. But what sharps are they gonna go down to the acronym here and remember that we start with F is added first, then see is at it and G and so forth. So if I have four sharks in the key of E, they're going to be F, c G and T the 1st 4 Sharps in my acronym. So let's write it down here, and I'm going to include these 1st 4 Sharps F see G and D playing on the piano or any instrument in the key of E. I can use all of these notes to play in the kitty or all of these courts in the key of E and stay tuned to learn whether these air, minor or major courts. Next, we're going to go to using this acronym for the keys that use flats. These air only keys these sharps. It works in almost the exact same way to figure out the keys that use flats. 8. FCGDAEB Sharps Demo: So we learned our acronym, Fats. Fat cats go down after eating birds or F c g d A E b. You can think of your own words to help you remember that acronym? Um, what we learned is that see the key of C for the scale of C has zero sharps and flats. It's from sea to the very next. See? No Sharps and flats. The next letter in the acronym is G. It is actually up 1/5 from 12345 And it has one sharp in it. And that sharp using our acronym. Our acronym starts on F. Therefore, it is the first sharp to be added. So the key of G has one sharp, and it's s okay, we're going to go to the next one now. Fat Cats has zero go g has won. The next letter is D and it has to. So we're going to go to D now and fun. Fact D is also 1/5 above G. So we went from C Way went 1/5 up to G. That's the next one in our acronym and we went 1/5 up to D. That's the next ladder in our acronym so I'm actually gonna take it down, go down to the city and now we did zero sharps for C one Fergie to for D on They are going to be fat cats F and CRR Sharps starting on D Here's the f I'm gonna sharpen. There's the CME Gonna sharpen the same thing on the way down. That's our scale of D. Now, the next letter in our acronym is 1/5 above that 12345 So it's a we already did. One sharp to sharps. Now we're at three Sharps scale of a and the three Sharps are going to be fat cats. Go f c G c f g with next one after a is 1/5 above that You see a pattern here? Fifth above That is E. Now we need We did. Ah zero Sharps, one sharp to sharps. Three Sharps. Now we're at four Sharps on e and they are fat cats. Go down F c G and D Way R e we have f sharp Still still a g sharp. Okay, B C shirt and T shirt. You might notice that the sharps in the acronym are not in the same order that they're going to be in the key or in the scale. And that doesn't need to be confusing. It's just because every scale starts on a different note, right? So the sharps air going to arrive in a new order, depending on what note you start on. So don't get confused by that. They were gonna do the next one now, which is in our acronym, which is B. And I know you took notes from the other video so you could just refer to those notes. The next letter in our acronym after E is be which, of course, is 1/5 above e gonna take it down. Here s so there's R B B has five sharps now. Fat cats go down after. So here there, See still RG Sorry R f g and a eyes actually really fun scale to play because you have all your fingers except for your thumb are up on these black nets every time you have a white Now you're someplace it Well, I guess, except for the pink way. There you go. That's the B scale. OK, we're just going to do one more example now with our acronym. And that is when we loop around the acronym and come to F. We add the sharp to the name of the keys. That's an F sharp. Now we're in the key of F sharp or the scale of F sharp starting on F sharp for my scale, and this now is going to have six sharps in it. So the sharps are going to be fat. Cats go down after eating f c g d a e. Those are all the sharps that reuse. Starting on f sharp, sharp, sharp. A sharp B is not sharp. Okay, see sharp. Now this one's a little bit tricky because we have e sharp. Don't get confused and think that that should be called an F It's not. It's called an e sharp, because in a scale this is a little side note. You can't skip a letter. Every single letter has to be represented in the scale. You just have to name it properly. So let's start over. We're on F Sharp and G. So these letters represented s his shirt G a b, see a shirt D shirt e is sharp. Can't jump straight to s because I have to represent E in the scale he is sharp on f is sharp. So that's where the end harmonics come in handy is that sometimes I need to describe this as an e sharp instead of an F. And because I'm in the scale of F sharp or the key of F sharp, I have to call this an e sharp, not an F because I have to use in f sharp right after it. And you can't have both an S and N f sharp in the scale. Every letter has to be represented and have its proper name in the scale. So here's the f sharp scale. There you go. 9. FCGDAEB Flats : And now that we've looked at how to use this acronym for the Sharps, let's just go through how we would use it for the flats. It's essentially the same Onley. You use the acronym backwards. So instead of using it from left to right, we're going to use it from right to left. You still start with C that has zero sharps or flats. And then instead of going to the right like we did with Sharps, we're going to go to the left is F and it has one flat that we wrap around the acronym just like we did for the sharks. But the other direction to go to be. And remember that when we wrap around, we have to add the flat to the name of the key. So now we're at B flat and it has two flats in it. Now we go again to the left, and we have an E flat that has three flats in it, a flat, and it has four flats in a D flat and it has five flats and we go again to the left, and it has six flats there at G flat. You could keep going as well. Okay, let's just recap. So we have the C scale here and we know that it has zero sharps or flats. Now let's try writing a new scale or a new key. Let's do the key of F so well, right? First, the letters of after the scale of F. After we do that, we're going to figure out how Maney, sharps or flats is in the key of F. And we know that efforts to the left of C So there's one flat and the first f Sorry, the first flat. Instead of starting from the left of our acronym, we started the right. The Sharps air added from left to right, starting an F and the flats are added, starting at the right side with be So if there's one flat B is the flat if there's to its being. If there's three b E and A in this case were in the key of F, there's one flat, and so when there's one flat, it's gonna be B flat. If I'm playing a song in the key of F or the scale of F, have all of these notes available to me, including that B flat and I find using chords and I have all those cords available to me. If you're not sure if they should be major or minor, stay tuned because in the next lessons will learn how to tell if something should be major or minor. Let's try and another key the key of a flat now gonna write all of the letters. We already know that a flat is going to be flat because we're in the key of a flat. But how many flats does the key of a flat has? We know from our acronym that it has four flats and we're going to start at the right of our acronym. So be flat B flat, a flat and D flat, those the flats that are included in the key of a flat. 10. FCGDAEB Flats Demo: Okay, I'm just gonna do a few examples with the flats. It's just like the Sharps that we just learned. But it's what? The flats now. So we have our first key, you know, that key of C zero Sharps and Flats going the other direction in our acronym is the first letter that we come to is F and that has one flat in it and starting the reverse order of our acronym. The first flat to be added is be. Does that make sense? The first shark to be added would be f. The first flat to be added is be. So the sharps start left to right in our acronym and the flat start right toe left. So the first flat to be added is be were in the scale of F one flat. And it's B. There you go. There's your f. Now we wrap around that acronym to the B. Remember that when we wrap around there, we have to add the flat to the scale name to the key name. So now we're in this scale of B flat or the key of B flat, and now it has two flats in it, starting at the right of our acronym. The flats are B and E B flat and e flat. So I have to go to a seat. Because remember, this is representing my be letter flat, so I can't play be because it already has a name. And I have to go to sea E e flat back to B flat. Okay, So little fun. Fact we for to figure out the next key in the Sharps. We went up 1/5 but to figure out the next key in the flats, we're just gonna go up 1/4. 1234 B flat. Yes, that was the next he that we did. Now we're gonna go up 1/4 from there. 1234 I'm just walking up to be flat scale until I find number four. Way go. So our next one is a flat, and we're amusing. My acronym. There we did B flat. Now, the next letter over is going to be e flat. And it's flat because remember, we wrapped around when you rack up wrap around the acronym. You add the flat with the name of the key. So this is e flat on this is going to have three flats now and they're going to be B E and a just following the acronym from right to left, B e and A E flat already. I'm gonna go toe s now because E is already represented by E flat. Now pick up the A flat be. I already have a B, so I'm gonna go to see. All right, let's do one more of the flats. I'm gonna go up the fourth. I'm just using the scale to walk up 1/4 way, come to a flat. So a flat is going toe have four flats in it, and it's b flat, e flat, a flat and D flat. Just using our acronym from right to left. Now he has B flat, e flat, a flat and D flat. There's are a flat scale 11. The Number System and Transposing - This Is Where It All Comes Together! : Okay, now we'll learn about transposing so we know already. What? Sharps and flats go in a key. We know whether the cords and the key are which ones are major and minor. And now we're gonna talk about transposing going from one key to another key. So let's start with the key of seats. Step one is to write the letters. Step two is to write the numbers. We're just going to give each letter and number after you assigned the numbers. Then you're going to ride in which ones are major or minor to the three and six are always minor and the seven is diminished. One is major to his minor. Three is minor for his major. Five is major. Six is minor and seventies diminished. Go ahead and apply these same markings to the letters as well. That makes it a D minor and e minor and in a minor and the B is diminished. The others the F, C and G are all major. So step three is to add the miners simple and the diminished symbol. Okay, Now step for is going to be to transpose. We're going to decide what key we want to transpose into. I'm just gonna pick one. How about, De? All right, So I'm going to start by writing the letters in the key of D. That's step one. Let's do it the same. Now, the key FC is the only one that doesn't have any sharps or flats. So sometimes using the key of D, I know there has to be at least a sharp or flat in there, So let's find out how many. I'm gonna write down my little acronym down here. Cry and key of C zero g has one sharp, but is he has two sharps and going this way for Sharps. He has two sharps. OK, now I know. And I know that those air f and C the 1st 2 in this acronym, So I'm sure could've throat sharps here have sharp c sharp. These are the correct letters in the key of D. The correct letters in the scale of D. Now, Step Two is to write the numbers which I've already written, So I'm not gonna write them again. They're just right there above the key of D. Step three is to add in the majors and the miners little M for Minor have the diminished symbol. And there we go. This is all of the notes that I need to play in the key of D. So how would I take this Teoh transposing an actual song? Let's just say that we have a little mock song here. I'm gonna write it in Kiev. C C for four beats. That's 1234 beats. Let's dio f for four beats do a minor for four beats. Let's do G for four beats. Okay, so this isn't a whole song, obviously. But let's just say this is the first line of a song and we're going to transpose it the key of D. So we're gonna use the number system to transpose now in the key of C. What number ISS see in the key of C. C is number one. So I'm gonna take it to the nooky. Nooky is D. So C is number one key of D. D is number one. So in my new key, I right d for the first chord because it's the number one court. Okay, Next in the key of C F is number four in the key of D G is number four. A minor. In the key of C is six minor, which is in the key of D B minor. Have C G is five and five in the key of D is a There you go Just transposed a song into a new key the key of D. And we did it quickly, too. You can always do what I did and write out your little she she here of all the letters in your original key, right, the numbers under and then write all the letters in your new key underneath. And then that will give you easy reference so that you can transpose ah, hole card chord chart really easily. So here's a thing. You can do this on the fly to what's you have some things memorized. So in the next video, I'm going to tell you about the Golden cords, the most used chords that in Western music we used to write songs, songs that all sound differently from each other. But all used these chords, and I just calm golden cords because if you can memorize the cold, golden cords and each key, you can transpose super super quickly in your head and that's a good place to start. If you feel like there's no way you could memorize, you know every chord in every key to be able to transpose quickly in your head. If you start with just the most common keys that you plan and memorize these four chords that I'm gonna tell you to memorize in this next video in those common keys that you playing, you'll be able to transpose quickly in your head. 12. The Number System and Transposing Demo: Okay, Now we're gonna talk about the number system. Who? This is really, really fun to teach and really fun toe learn because it opens up your whole world and it makes things super simple. All you do is you take your scale, take the C scale and you're gonna assign numbers to it. So C is one to use to use 34567 And then, of course, it starts over one. You can call eight or one, 12345678 So here's the thing. If I say play the one chord in the key of C, that's the core that's still on the one. The first note with scale. So a C chord is the one chord in the key of C. Now, if I say play the four chord one, I'm just gonna use the scale and the numbers we assigned. 1234 The four chord is built on the fourth step of the scale s own escort is the four chord of the keep. See Now, guests with the five court would be If this is for then this is five. We assigned that already. There's the Cord bill on the fifth Gail degree and that is the five Chord would call it in the key of C. So if I say play the 145 in the key of C, you're gonna play the one chord. The Four chord 12345 Chord Now play the one court again. Okay, let's do this in another key. Let's do it in the key of G. We know that G has one sharp, and it's f sharp. We learned not from our acronym. 12345678 Play the one chord in the key of G built on the one first scale degree. Play the 41234 c 541 Okay, here's the awesome thing now about thinking in terms of numbers instead of letters, numbers translate to every key. They're not key specific. So if I am playing a song way right in the key of C on, I'm like on That's a little too low or high for me to sing or whatever. So I'm gonna take it to a new key to transpose go to the key of D Know that D has two Sharps and it's F and C shirt. I'm gonna play the same numbers. 14541 So I just easily transposed a song from one key to the next. Just thinking in terms of members, I didn't have to count up whole steps in half steps for each chord to figure that out. Let's just do a couple more examples were at D already. So let's go to G Gonna do the 145 chord. 1234 five. Chord of the key of G way out to the key of a one chord 2345 13. The Golden Chords - 1 4 5 6m: Okay, here are those chords that I promised you. They are the one before the five on the six minor. And that is actually how we say it. The one the four, the 56 minor these I call the golden cords using the most common cords that you'll use for improv in song writing. They're the most common cords that songwriters use in multiple styles. Cop country, classic rock, glass, gospel, Christian hymns. If you could memorize the 145 and six minor in the keys that usually plan you can easily transpose in your head let's do some transposing practice. And now we're gonna go from the key FC to the key of F Keeping in mind that 145 and six minor that we just talked about This probably makes up the majority of the songs that you want to play. The 145 of the six minor Let's use our acronym here wrote it down at the bottom. Remember that C has zero sharps and flats to get to f. We're gonna go one to the left. So that means that s has one flat in it. Starting at the right side of our acronym and going backwards to the left. There we see that B is the one flat. So we'll add the B flat that I'm just gonna add the minor symbols to the to three. And the six minor and circle now are golden cords. If you wanted to write a song in either of these keys, those would be good. 1st 4 chords to start with, you can always throwing the others if you like. 14. Golden Chord Demo: the most commonly used chords. And any key is the one before the five and the six minor. You can definitely use all the courts and the key, but those are gonna be the most commonly used ones and great places to start if you're gonna improv or write songs. So hear what it sounds like to use the 145 and the six minor. I'm gonna be in the key of C. The 1/4 fours F five is on. The six is Amy s. So here's a song using those chords.