Become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach | Vladimir Kartashov | Skillshare

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Become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach

teacher avatar Vladimir Kartashov, Football Coach

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

16 Lessons (59m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. FIFA Structure

    • 3. Coach Salary Overview

    • 4. Types of Coach

    • 5. UEFA Coaching Licenses

    • 6. Sports Degree

    • 7. Performance Components

    • 8. Where to Start?

    • 9. Coaching Methodologies

    • 10. Tactical Periodization Principles

    • 11. Tactical Periodization Training Week

    • 12. Heading Technique

    • 13. Ball Protection

    • 14. Motivation

    • 15. Leadership and Communication

    • 16. Conclusion and References

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About This Class


This is the Complete Step-by-Step Guide for Non-Professionals on how to become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach.

The first part of the course includes all of the following:

  • FIFA Structure

  • Coach Salaries at different tiers

  • UEFA Coaching Licenses

  • Sports Degree: Sports Management vs Sports Science

  • Overview of Football-Specific Performance Components

In the second part, we will go into details and cover the following topics:

  • Football Coaching Methodologies

  • Tactical Peridiodization and its Principles

  • Leadership and Communication

  • References for further reading

The course is considered to be short, clear, and concise. There is no prior sport and football-specific knowledge required as the information is processed and presented in an easily understandable way.

Meet Your Teacher

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Vladimir Kartashov

Football Coach


Dear Football Lover,

My name is Vladimir and I live in Germany.

I have degrees in both Computer and Sport Science and try to do my best to expand and share my football knowledge with others.

Being the owner of the UEFA B License I work as an Academy Football Coach.

The main area of interest is to connect Football Game with Science in order to improve the quality of modern approaches in Football Coaching and Development.

The classes I produce are based exceptionally on scientific sports knowledge and are considered to be concise and engaging. I hope you find them useful and look forward to meeting you inside the one or several of your choice!

Cordially yours,


See full profile

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1. Introduction: Welcome to the course on how to become a professional football coach. First of all, I want to introduce you the two main characters, as you've already recognized, the first one is you. And the second one is your teacher David who will guide you throughout the whole course. The content is divided into two parts. The first one is called Qualifications, where we'll talk about the UEFA coaching licenses, sports related education and 4 main performance components. The second part is called Going into Details. And as the name suggests, you'll dive into the details of performance in modern football. David will also show you some tricks and tips, as well as present you with the references for further reading. In the long term, this second part will be constantly extended. But please don't quote me on that. Ok, that's enough was the introduction. Let's just start! 2. FIFA Structure: You may be interested in how is modern football organized? Let's take a look at FIFA's structure. FIFA, Fédération Internationale de Football Association, is the highest governing body of football. FIFA includes six members, which are called confederations. Each confederation corresponds to geographical continents like Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, or Oceania. Confederations are further divided into national associations. So every configuration corresponds to a continent, whereas every association to a country. There are some exceptions, of course, but usually, it's like that. Have you, for example, ever wondered where the new game rules come from? They are originated in FIFA. And then FIFA instructs confederations to apply them. Confederations, in turn, instruct their subordinate associations to apply the new rules. Sometimes changes also go the other way around from association to FIFA and then back to other associations. Let me give you an example. Imagine in one of the European associations, one player hits another player and needs to be suspended for, let's say, one year. In order to prevent the player to be rented by a football club from another confederation, The UEFA asks FIFA to suspend that player. And all the confederations are required to instruct their associations to suspend the given player. That's jow modern football is organized today. In the next video, we're going to talk about Coach Salaries at different associations. See you soon and thanks for watching! 3. Coach Salary Overview: As you remember, association corresponds to a country. In Europe, we are going to take a look at coach salaries in German, English, and Ukrainian Associations. Let's first start with Germany. German association consists of multiple leagues. Tier 1 leagues is called Bundesliga 1. Then go Bundesliga 2 and 3. These are the top three professional football leagues in Germany. Amateur League start at tier 4 with Regional League. At tier 5 there is Oberliga, and at tier 6 a so-called Local leagues, which is further divided into up to five sub-leagues. Okay, that all is very nice, but you're interested at coach salaries at different tiers, right? Let's take a look at them. In the local league and its sub-leagues, head coach gets around 500 euros per month. In Oberliga the average coach salary is around 1000 euros, whereas in the Regional league it's already 2000. In Bundesliga 3, the first German professional league an average college gets around 10000 euros monthly salary. In second Bundesliga - 35000, and in Bundesliga 1 around 130000 euros, which makes more than one and a half million in one year. Okay, that's what about Germany. Let's now take a look at what is going on in the U.K.. In England, there are 4 professional leagues, and the further down there is also a bunch of amateur leagues we are not going to consider. Here the situation with coach salaries is very similar to that in Germany. It's an unbelievable 200 000 euros per month for a Premier League coach. But not in every European association coach salaries, so that high. Let's take a look at Ukraine. First of all, there are only two professional leagues. At tier one, an average Ukrainian coach gets only 15000 euros per month. Anything to just 1000 euros. Let's not have a look at one of the Asian associations and let it be the Chinese Football Association. Before 2020 in Chinese. Highest. The average coach salary was as incredibly high as one million euros per month. Those were good times for international coaches. But now they're gone. CFA chairman on. I hope I pronounce his name correctly. Our clops had too much money boomed and professional football has not been run in a sustainable way. So starting from 2020, the average monthly coach salary is going to be just 80000 euros. OK. Until now, we are talking about full steam coaches, but they are not only first team coaches and football clubs. Let's take a closer look at him. One of the best European football clubs. Here, the seller of the first team head coach is as high as one million euros per month. But in total, Hamza also uniting coach, Youth, 17, coach and all the way down to children, coach. You're 17, coach monthly salary is just five thousand euros. In addition, Toyota has its own female team and all the corresponding female yarn teams. Coaches or female teams are paid less than coaches of male teams. The coach of Thought and Camp's main female team gets only five thousand euros per month, which is hardly comparable with the salary of Jose. But let's now take a look at one of Zomato teams. If you go to Germany and choose to have five, there is a so-called table football club. And just what we notice, there are no female teams. Unfortunately, women's football isn't that much developed and management of football clubs don't have a corresponding female department. Moreover, Sellery said tomato football clubs have nothing to compare with salaries at professional level. Intel was the first team coach gets roughly eight hundred euros, whereas the 17 coach gets a tiny compensation of just two hundred euros. Do notice the difference with a professional level. Hockey. I think it's enough talking about money. Now you have an idea of how much football coaches earn and different levels. Stay tuned and thanks for watching. 4. Types of Coach: If I ask you to visualize your future career, you'll probably say that in the end you would like to become an elite coach, like Mourinho or Guardiola. I only want to tell you there are also other opportunities available for you. First of all, you can also be a female team coach. The advantage of being a male team coach is that you get a high salary at elite level in comparison to female team coaches. In addition, male football is more favored by public these days. Becoming a professional female team coach, on the other hand, requires less competition and gives you the opportunity to have a big influence on the development of women's football. There are some differences to take into account when specializing in coaching either male or female teams. Men tend to be more outcome-oriented, which means that they want to become the best players in their teams. In contrast, women are more task oriented. All they want is to become better players than they are at the moment. So you have to take this and many other differences into account when coaching either male or female teams. Also you can become children, youth, or senior team coach. The advantage of being a children's coach is that it has the lowest entry point and requires fewer qualifications. It's very different to youth and senior team coaches, since it's more fun-oriented, whereas coaching adults is more performance oriented. The downside of being a children coach is that they're usually paid less than youth and senior team coaches. Starting as a youth coach is probably the best starting point if you want to pursue an elite coach career, But good salaries here are available only at elite level. I personally wouldn't recommend you starting as a senior coach, but from a certain level, it's worth switching to this type as it will help you in your dream to become an elite coach. And there are also other roles available, not just the coach role. You can become a video analyst - an important role for analyzing an upcoming opponent and presenting its strengths and weaknesses to head coach. The role requires a lot of computer work and extensive use of such software as InStat and WyScout. Or you can become a goalkeeper coach! This role requires close work with the player and is similar to coaching athletes from individual sports like golf or tennis. And for goalkeeper coaches, there is also less competition in order to become professional. You can also be a football psychologist, which is usually a part time role where you need to intervene only on certain occasions. Today, many football psychologists work for multiple football clubs. Okay, in this video I presented you some alternative roles, But if you are still keen on becoming a football coach, then see you in a while! 5. UEFA Coaching Licenses: OK, now you may ask me about the qualifications you need in order to become a professional coach. The first thing you need is a coaching license. One day UEFA realized, the quality of its coaches doesn't correspond to desired standards. As such UEFA organized its own educational coaching courses. Successful completion of these coaching courses is now rewarded with a license. Let's mow take a closer look at the UEFA Licenses pyramid. At the very bottom, there is a so-called coaching basics course, which is a very short introductory course consisting of just of a couple of lectures, but is still mandatory to complete. And then you proceed directly to your first coaching license - The UEFA C License, which corresponds to the second level of the pyramid. So what teams can you coach with this license? With UEFA C License you can coach the lowest tiers amateur teams, usually teams from tier 6 and below. At level three, there is the UEFA B license! This license gives you the opportunity to be the head coach of all teams up to Tier 4 or to be an assistant coach at tier 2 and below. The next step is the UEFA Youth Award License. In order to apply for this license, you already need to be the holder of the UEFA B license. Please note that this license still corresponds to level three, so when you see in a job description the requirement of minimum level three coaching license, this will mean that you need to be the holder of either UEFA Youth Award license or UEFA B license. UEFA Youth Award license gives you the opportunity to manage youth teams at professional football clubs and national teams. At level four, there is the UEFA A license, which lets you manage all professional teams in a given association. And it's the top of the pyramid, you'll find the UEFA Pro license, which is widely accepted and lets you manage any team in any association. So what exactly will you study during your license course? At level one, you will be presented with some basic football knowledge, which is probably already known to you but as I said, it's necessary to attend this short induction course. During the UEFA C license, you dive into the details and differences of coaching senior, youth, and children football teams. The UEFA B license is all about teaching football-specific techniques, such as passing, shooting, or first touch. It's also the first course where you get into football tactics, namely individual, group, and team tactics. Here you will get to know how to coach tactical aspects during six and eight aside game sessions. Youth Award license covers physical, social and psychological aspects of youth coaching. The UEFA A license is all about tactics: here you study defensive, offensive, and transitional game phases. You'll also get to know how to design nine and eleven aside practical sessions. The UEFA Pro license will teach you how to become a football manager - a person who controls all performance-related processes and assigns certain roles to team members. So how long will it take you to get each of these licenses? Coaching basics course lasts only a few days, whereas the duration of C license is usually three months. In order to get the UEFA A or B licenses, you usually need from 6 to 18 months, depending on the association. Just a month for Advanced Youth Award license, and 18 months for the UEFA Pro license. Please note that you have to update your highest level license every three years. Fortunately, the updating procedure doesn't require a lot of effort, and it's quite easy. Introducing UEFA coaching licenses was a very good decision: the quality of European coaches improved and now all the confederations accept UEFA licenses. Some configurations even launched their own coaching courses but still the quality of the UEFA license is considered to be high in comparison to the license of another confederation. OK, and now is a very important question comes up, and that is, is the UEFA license enough to become a professional coach? Well, it depends. The license should be enough if you're an ex-professional player, because for professional players it's easier to land a job as a coach. The license can also be enough if you get a helping hand from another coach, which will boost your coaching career. Here you see how sir Bobby Robson is helping very young Andre Villas Boas. And the license is definitely enough if you consider coaching outside Europe because other confederations value the UEFA licenses even more than UEFA itself. If it's not your case, then the license alone will not be enough. In this case, you'll need additional qualifications we are going to talk about in the next video. Catch you later and thanks for watching! 6. Sports Degree: Along with coaching license, you'll also need a sports related degree. Sports degree is necessary in order to improve your chances to be hired as a football coach. Such fundamental sport topics like VO2max, running economy, and ATP are not taught during the UEFA license courses. Just believe me, that adding related degree to your CV will substantially increase your chances to grow professionally. There are two options you can choose from. You can study either sports management or sports science. If you choose sports management, then studying sport will comprise approximately 50 percent of your degree. Another 50 percent will be related to studying business in sport. But if you go for sport science, then sport is going to be the only subject you will be studying. But what are the career opportunities after each of these options? After graduating in sports management, you can become a football sponsoring consultant, marketing manager, get one of the administrative roles, or you can become a football manager, which is probably the most desired outcome. After sports science, surprisingly, you can become a sports scientist, physical therapist, sports psychologist or a football manager. As you see, you can achieve your goal by becoming a football manager after being graduated in either of these degrees. It's up to you to decide which one you'll go for. Some examples of well-known figures that have a degree in sports management include Mauricio Pochettino and Edwin van der Saar, who now works as a CEO at Ajax. On sports science side, there are such well-known coaches as Jose Mourinho and Julian Nagelsmann. Please note that both of them have never played at a professional level. Let's now consider the pros and cons of each of the degrees. The advantage of sports management is that you get specific knowledge in football club structure and functioning, but it can also be a disadvantage because this knowledge is very different in each country. In contrast, sports science gives you universal knowledge you can apply everywhere. And this is performance-related knowledge, which I believe you'll find more motivating than studying some business aspects. The downside is, of course, is that you get less football club management knowledge. Let me now give you a piece of advice regarding each of these two options. If you go for sports management, do some extra studying in sports physiology, biomechanics, and psychology during your degree. You can do it online as well. If you sports science, then I would recommend attending to some location-specific football club management courses. Okay, you may argue that you already have a job and you simply do not have time for studying, especially from the very start and for 5 more years. I totally understand you but, believe me, it's kind of necessary for those who are out of professional football. Fortunately, nowadays you can study online. Onsite study is considered to be a traditional study mode, but getting education online can be a very good alternative. The advantage of traditional mode is that you can find an inexpensive solution in some European countries, getting an education is completely free of charge. Getting the support is also quite easy since there are always tutors available ready to assist you. The main disadvantage of such education is that it's not flexible. You always have to be at a given place at a certain time. And this is what makes online education such an attractive option as it's totally flexible and you decide where and when to study. Distance learning is still not very common though. While traditional education is available almost everywhere, getting an online degree is quite pricey and only possible at some American, Australian, and UK universities. Okay, now, I hope you got that feeling of the importance of a sports-related degree. Right now, that's all I wanted to tell you about education. Thanks for our attention and see you later! 7. Performance Components: Ok, let us start with the overview of 4 main areas in which a football player can improve himself. In most literature, these areas are called performance components. The first component is the physical component, which comprises such segments as strength, speed, endurance and nutrition. The second one is the tactical component. In order to be successful in modern football, every player should be knowledgeable in individual, group , and team tactics, be always aware of strengths and weaknesses of the upcoming opponent and be well-informed regarding the latest updates of football rules and regulations in order to successfully utilize and comply with them. The third one is the psychological component, which comprises such topics as anxiety management, maintaining concentration and motivation, making use of imagery techniques and many other performance-related psychological issues. May you guess the last performance component? Of course, it's a technical one and includes the details about the execution of passes, shots on goal, headers, or first touch, for example. For every professional coach, it's worth becoming competent in every topic in each of these components and then to transmit the knowledge to his players. Okay, now you're definitely on the right track, so see you in the next video! 8. Where to Start?: OK, imagine you've got a sports-related master's degree in the year for B license. Now you should ask yourself where to start gathering your coaching experience because there are multiple options available. If you live in Europe, you can start directly in your local European association. Another option would be to move to such Asian countries like China, Thailand, Qatar, or the United Arab Emirates. Working in one of these countries will bring you to a very good starting income but there are limited career opportunities available because of the fact that people are mainly interested in European professional football. Working a novice coach in the European Association will not give you much money at first but will definitely provide you with a chance to become an established football manager. What I want to say is that it's up to you to set up your priorities before choosing an appropriate association. OK, that's all for now. Please stand by and thanks for watching! 9. Coaching Methodologies: If you think you can start coaching a professional team once you get the required knowledge and qualifications, then you are wrong. A good coach needs a detailed structured training plan before getting into actual work. Let us talk a bit about coaching methods. There are three main coaching approaches or categories. Here we have analytical, integrated, and tactical periodization approaches. Let's take a closer look at each of them. The first one is the analytical approach, which came from Eastern Europe and was initially developed only for individual sports. Here the priority was given to the physical condition and all 4 performance components were trained in isolation from each other. As the authors of this approach Lev Matveiev said: "a complex idea can be simplified by isolating and analyzing the simplest, most basic mechanisms". That's why the approach is called analytical. The second coaching approach is called integrated and appeared as a response to the analytical approach. Nowadays, integrated approach is the most common methodology in football coaching. There is more importance placed on the specificity of the game. Here physical, technical, and tactical components are trained together but the psychological component is not taken into account. Moreover, this approach has nothing to do with team tactics and mentality. As Guilherme Oliveira says, "in integrated approach the decisions taken by players at different times are not regulated and coordinated by a common tactical language". And now we finally come to the tactical periodization approach. Tactical periodization was originated by Portuguese Professor Vitor Frade and was successfully applied by such famous coaches as Jose Mourinho, Brendan Rodgers, and Josep Guardiola. In this approach, the importance is placed on the specificity of team tactics and not only on the specificity of the game. As Jose Mourinho says, "any practice we do must be related to our ideas of play". In tactical periodization, the tactical component coordinates three other components and is often called the game model. So what exactly should be included in our game model? Let's check it out. The game model includes the rules regarding players behavior during all game phases. But you may wonder, what are the game phases? The attack game phase is when your team is in possession of the ball. Accordingly, the defensive phase is when the opponent has possession. There are also two very important transitional phases: the transition from attack to defense when the possession is lost, and the transition from defense to attack when the possession is regained. So every detail of each of the game phases has to be included in our game model. The game model works like a constitution for our team and therefore should be very detailed. Team's behavior in the game model has a hierarchical structure and is represented by principles, sub- principles, sub-sub-principles and so on. Let's now take a look at some examples. Imagine, for the transition from defense to attack, you postulate taht the players have to ensure possession right after winning the ball. You can specify an exception as a sub-principle by manifesting that if the situation is promising, then the player is allowed to play risky pass after winning possession. Another sub-principle would be that other players are required to provide the support to the player who has just won the ball. And this can be done by moving closer and using communication. That all should be written in your game model. Let's have a look at how the players will implement it during the actual game. When a player wins the ball, he immediately realizes that now the priority should be given to maintain possession. At the very same time, all other players in the ball are, know that they have to provide support for the first player. The latter realizes that the safest option in this context would be to simply play backward. And he does. From this point, the possession is safe. Please note that all the players know what to do during this defense to attack transitional phase because it's written in the game model and was transmitted to them by the coach. I also want to point out that theoretically, the division of principles and sub-principles isn't limited. It's up to you to decide when and where to stop. What I want to say here is that you have to write your own game model, every football coach has its own tactical ideas, and these ideas should not only be in his head but also explicitly included in the game model and then transmitted to the players. OK, that's enough for now, I think. See you in a while! 10. Tactical Periodization Principles: Let's now dive a bit deeper into the tactical periodization approach. There are some principles you need to conform to in order to successfully implement this methodology. These principles are different from the principles of the game model we studied previously and which were representing your coaching ideas. The first and probably the most important is the principle of specificity, which claims that the content of practical sessions should specifically represent our game model. Our players should know our game model and understand the aims and objectives of each practice. Let's take a look at the example. Imagine one of our game model principles states that the team should apply pressing immediately after losing possession. A specific practice to this principle will be a 6vs6 small-sided game as shown on the figure. Here the reds are attacking players who try to score on the goal after losing possession. They have to apply pressing in order to win the ball back within the next 10 seconds. The blues are defensive players whose goal is to prevent reds from scoring. As opposed to attacking players, after winning the ball, the blues should try to maintain possession during the next 10 seconds. As you see, this practice is completely representative of our game model and thus is consistent with specificity principle. The second principle is the principle of propensity. This principle claims that we need to create practices in which the desired actions occur more frequently. Let's say our game model says that during the build-up phase, players have to stay calm when under pressure while trying to progress. If you take a look at the figure on the left, the blues are playing with numerical disadvantage during the build-up. Their goal is to score on one of two mini-goals while trying to maintain composure when under pressure. Because of the numerical advantage of the red team, the desired behavior occurs more frequently, which makes this practice to conform with the principle of propensity. The third principle is the principle of systematic repetition. The systematic repetition of our specific practices should help our players to make their actions more automatic. The learning process in football is based on acquiring new habits. The systematic repetition of our build-up practice will strengthen the composure in our players and help them to make quick decisions and to feel more comfortable when being under pressure. As Jose Mourinho says, "we create habits in order to maintain the performance of our team, which often translates into good levels of play". The next principle is the principle of complex progression. Here we progress from simple to complex principles in our game model. Remember the principle of the game model where we state that our players can use communication when providing support after winning possession? In our training plan, we should first start with this simple sub-principle and then slowly progress to the main principle. It's a so-called vertical progression. We should also maintain progression from high to low priority principles, and this corresponds to the horizontal progression. For example, take a team that has players with a low technical level but has very fast attacking players. For this team, the attacking principles can be less important than the correct implementation of its defensive principles. Here the horizontal ordering of the principles of game phases plays a crucial role, where we start by bringing to practice our high priority defensive principles, and only after that the less prioritized attacking principles. Olay, the next principle is the principle of tactical fatigue and concentration. The principle states that there is a need for appropriate management of players fatigue and concentration levels. As Mourinho says, "I cannot dissociate training intensity from the concept of concentration. When I say football is made up of high intensity actions, I also refer to the need for permanent concentration". So the training load includes a physical load put upon players and also the concentration load. If you take a look at the example where our team has one official game per week being played on the weekend, then the highest training load should take place in the middle of the week and the least demanding training session usually occur right after and before the match day. And the last principle of the tactical periodization methodology is the principle of performance stabilization. Regarding this principle, I want again to quote Jose: "I don't want my team to have peak performances. Rather than that, I prefer to keep high levels of performance always. This is because they're not games that are more important than others. We need to win every game". In the analytical approach, the training load is very high in the pre-season and gets essentially lower during in-season. In contrast, in tactical periodization, the training load is equally distributed across all weeks as shown on the figure. Performance stabilization manifests that day to day practices should be designed to enhance a specific physical component. Here we can carry out our strength practices on Wednesday, endurance practices on Thursday, and speed practices on Friday, for example. There shouldn't be two consecutive endurance trainings. That's what the principle of performance stabilization is all about. Okay, now you know the 6 principles of the tactical periodization approach. Very well done and keep up the good work! 11. Tactical Periodization Training Week: If you define a rule in our game model, how do we know, as it should be the main principle, principle or sub sub principle? That's indeed a very good question. So let's clarify it. If you take a look at the organization of the game models principles. The main principles usually correspond to teams behaviour, principles to group behavior, and sub sub principles to individual behavior. An example of main principles includes aggressive precedent when losing possession, because here all players need to apply brace in no matter what is their position. Another example would be avoiding delays during sad place. Here again, every player has to conform to this rule. Carrying out high-speed counter attacks is another example of the main principles because it also involves every player. An example of group behavior would be the offsite dropped Arctic, that involves just defensive players. In tactical periodization terms, this behavior is often called group sectorial behavior because it only involves players from one sector. Another example might be a special tactical 12 paths between forward and Winger, which represents an intersectorial behavior since it involves both attacking and mid-field players. An example of individual tactics would be a requirement for a vinca to stay out wide during the attack in place in performing all on distant shots. This type of individual behavior perfectly corresponds to sub, sub principles. Okay, Let us now consider a typical tactical periodization training week. As you remember, for a normal one game per week training week with a match being played on Sunday, the highest training lot falls on the middle of the week. This period corresponds to the loaning of the game model. With Wednesday beans, a medium learning day. Friday is the lowest and the highest learn in days. Monday is usually a day off, while Tuesday and Saturday are recovery and activation days accordingly. Okay, let's now take a look at the more detailed timetable. As you see on Tuesday, we have one football specific recovery practice in the morning and advanced theoretical session in the afternoon. On Wednesday and Friday, we provide players with Jim sessions to develop strengths and power abilities. But let's now consider how to design a particular football session according to the tactical periodization approach. Here you can see a table with general tactical periodization recommendations of how to design a training session according to the day of the week. Let's first start with Tuesday. It is a recovery the way we work on improvements from the last March and offer some sub principles on this day exists as it should comprise medium or large training area and number of players. Exercises need to be discontinuous and short in duration from 30 seconds to three minutes. Maximum. Game actions need to be performed these high tension, but rarely, and with lawn rest periods. Choose the exercises have to be all low complexity and incorporate lots of enthusiasm. Let's now have a look at an example of juice, this drill. In this exercise, the red tide to prevent blues from scoring on one or three mini goals, as shown in the figure. Blues build up from behind in zone a before regions don't be in long as the ball must be passed into all five channels before blues can proceed to be in zone B, blues get two points if this Kanzi middle goal and 1 if this coin one of the side goals. All in all views have only 20 seconds for zone a and 40 seconds for zone B, so the ball must be moved very quickly. Our regular players might be positioned in zone a so they get plenty of rest after performing a path for our substitute players who haven't got enough Plane time should mainly performance on B. As you see, this practice perfectly corresponds to choose the requirements. Here we have large number of players and lunch plane area. The duration of a drill is one minute maximum, and the actions are infrequent, is relatively long rest periods. The following sub principles are trained in this practice. Fast buildup using the whole width of the beach. And Diamond runs in behind the opponents defensive line. Or K is it's what about our first recovery practice on Tuesday? Let's now have a look at Wednesday string in session. Wednesday is the so-called strength day where small number of players have to play in a small area. On this day, actions are performed very often with the highest possible muscle tension. This can be achieved with the need to do a lot of shots, jumps, and changes of directions. The overall duration of a session should be at least 90 minutes. Let's now take a look at an example of events, this drill, as shown in the figure on the left, blues try to maintain possession against three yellow players in zone one. They need to complete five passes and speech the play to the reds in zone two. Let's behave in the same way by trying to complete five passes and switch the playback to blues. Yellow players tried to Windsor bowling score. Once the bolus ones, the force play is allowed to enter the zone to support his teammates in their attempt to score. As you see here, we have a small Blaine area is a small number of players. Players have to perform lots of shots and changes of directions that need to be executed with the highest possible muscle tension. In this practice, which drains the following sub principles. The application of pressing in XBRL area and preventing their opponent from plane vertical passes. But we also train the following sub sub principles. The use of communication while pressing and closing the possible passing lanes. This is to adjust individual tactics so perfectly correspond to sub sub principles. Okay, let's now take a look at Source day, which is a central day for training the main principles of our game model. On this day, we need to play with the lunch squat on a large plane area. Just duration should be essentially long as in an all other days. It is a game like Davis lot of interactions between many players. Let's now take a look at an example of Southeast drill. In this example, two teams play AT side is objective to score on one of three goals as shown on the left. Scoring and one of the mini goals will provide it in this one-point morass score. And in the middle goal is rewarded with two points. As you see, this is a perfect game-like day where we walk on prioritizing boats, attacking and protecting the middle, which constitute our main principles, are gave you want can see the examples for Friday and Saturday. But I think you've got an idea of how to design your daily sessions according to the tactical periodization approach. That's all for now. Stay tuned and thanks for watching. 12. Heading Technique: Let's now talk about some technical aspects. For example, as a football coach, you have to know the right technical execution when it comes to headers. The first thing to remember here is that you always have to keep your eyes on the ball. Several studies demonstrated that the longest play keeps his eyes on the ball, the more successful will be the header. Secondly, you have to anticipate the point of potential endian and go towards that point. If a defendant is going to challenge you in the air, then you'll need to perform a strong jump and attack the ball fiercely Vizio forehead. Again, try to keep your eyes open as long as possible, even if it's a moment of contact. Lastly, tried to direct the ball downwards. This will prevent the blood from going over the bar and make it more difficult for a goalkeeper to save it. In order to acquire a consistent heading skill, you have to memorize all the steps and practice them to make your technique more and more automatic. Let's now take a look at hurricanes had example. Let's just watch the goal. Delivery onchange. Spots on. After the bot has been crossed into the penalty box, highly rushes towards Dilantin point by always keeping his eyes on the ball. He vigorously attack the Bowlby's his forehead and directed downward. In this case, there is no need to jump high as the defendant had no chance to reach the ball and to challenge high in the air, drew a onchange. Spots on a chain with an actual and head up to 100 goal and club football. Okay, now I hope you will be able to notice the drawbacks in place heading technique and provide him with appropriate feedback. Take care and see you in the next video. Hi. 13. Ball Protection: Okay, let's now talk about the bot protection technique, which is arguably one of the most important skills of professional football player. First of all, always turn sideways to your barn and never video back. Donning V's your buck leaves you vulnerable and makes it easier for the opponent to push you off the ball. Slightly bend your knees and spread your legs too loud at the center of gravity. The stance will also make it more difficult for the opponent to push you off the ball. Try to keep the ball closer to the outside food by using your arm to hold off the defendant. Do not worry, using your arm on the chest of the opponent to hold him off is legal in modern football. Also tried to periodically check your shoulder to be available X2 upon and, and his position. Again, a professional coach should know all these deeps to be able to assist players in learning this important technique. Let's now take a look at one good example demonstrated by Liverpool players. He has done and on sideways and uses his body to put the space between the ball and the opponent. Would one. Notice how Suarez uses his arm to hold off the defender. Another good example. He has stolen was vulnerable by Don in his back to the opponent, but somehow he managed to stay solid and continue maintaining possession. Okay, now you're also able to coach the bold protection techniques. Stay tuned and thanks for watching. 14. Motivation: In this video, we are going to talk about motivation and how football players might set up an appropriate motivational strategy. Motivation is defined as a direction and intensity of player so-forth. But today we are going to consider jazzy directional component. There are two types of motivation. Here we have external and internal motivation. External motivation is when a player gets motivated by such external stimuli as salary, trophies operates dish of a glob he plays, or we'll be playing for. In contrast, internal motivation is when a player wants to be better than he is at the moment. In other words, internal motivation is a constant strife or self-improvement. Being internally motivated has been proven to be an essentially better approach. Let's take a look at one interesting example. At one university is there have been two teams that demonstrated very similar performances. It was a four-star performance out of five for each team. Then suddenly the first team was provided with a scholarship. So they started to get paid for their play. And this didn't affect the performance of the first team, whereas they still demonstrated the four-star performance. Finally, the scholarship was withdrawn again, and the performance of the first team drops significantly to only two stars. This happened because the player started to depend heavily on external stimuli. The internal motivation wasn't the priority anymore. During all this time, the performance of the second team remains unchanged. This example demonstrates that switch into external motivational aspects might be very dangerous. Being internally motivated is a skill that has to be developed in a progressive manner from early childhood. For example, if you mark having fun with the blue-collar and self-development visa red color. Then during childhood the players should give out around 80 percent to simply having fun by playing football and only 20 percent to self-development. During adolescence, this proportion should be already one-to-one. And finally, adult players should devote 70 percent of their football time to self-development in each of four performance components. Adopting external motivation also makes it very difficult to cope with defeats. Players. This external motivation tend to blame referees, bad weather, and other unrelated circumstances in their defeats. In contrast, internally motivated players who's better results as additional information fulfills the improvement. Okay, To sum up, try to use your time appropriately to become better at each of the performance components. When it comes to a much, give every single afford to wins that much, but do not be too depressed to extremely happy about the result. It's not where the vena loose, but how you play the game. And finally, try to critically analyze your actions during the March to identify areas for improvement. Just remember you have to compete with yourself even if there is no one else who evaluate your performance. Okay. 15. Leadership and Communication: OK. Now, you may think you have all the required knowledge in order to start coaching. The thing is, you also have to always keep working on your personality and namely on your leadership skills. Leadership is defined as a behavioral process of influencing players toward set goals. Let's take a closer look at two main goals categories where you have to be successful as a coach. The first category is performance outcome goals and the second one is the goals oriented toward player's satisfaction. Performance outcomes refer to setting the goals and getting the job done by achieving those goals. Player satisfaction goals refer to the development of interpersonal relationships, maintaining positive social interactions and ensure everyone is involved in feeling good. Accordingly, there are coaches who belong to one of two main coaching styles, task-oriented, and player- oriented. A task-oriented coach usually tries to improve players performances by giving appropriate technical and tactical instructions, emphasizing and facilitating the rigorous training, and by being aware and coordinating all players' activities. A player-oriented coach concerns with players' welfare and attempts to establish a good relationship with them. In order to be successful as a football coach, you have to combine both of these coaching styles. Okay, this is a theory, now you may wonder what does all this mean in a practical sense? If you are appointed as a coach of a team that had a poor training plan, players don't like it from the very start and you've got a poor position of power, then the task-oriented behavior would be the most appropriate coaching style. If the situation is moderately in control, then you should tend to use the player-oriented coaching style. Finally, when everything is good and the situation is high in control, then, again, the task-oriented style appears to be your best option. Coach's decision-making behavior is usually divided into autocratic and democratic. An autocratic coach makes decisions independently and stresses personal authority. Players input is generally not invited here. In contrast, a democratic coach allows players to participate in decisions regarding their goals, sessions, and tactics. The interesting fact is that female teams usually prefer a democratic coach, which allows them to contribute to the decisions. In contrast, male teams tend to prefer instructive coaches with an autocratic coaching style. Cultural background has also its influence on coach preferences. European players usually prefer task-oriented coaches, whereas Asians favor player-oriented coaches with autocratic behavior. As a coach, you also have to be prepared for different circumstances. Well-prepared leaders usually plan ahead for all possible events that may occur, including the ones they consider unlikely or distasteful. As an example, Jose Mourinho always tells his players what to do tactically if the team suddenly goes 1-0 down or even two goals down. Another thing you have to do as a leader is to work on your communication skills. Let me give you some tips you can use as a coach in order to deliver effective messages to your players. Always express your point of view unemotionally, emotions usually impairs the understanding of the message you want to deliver. Own your message use "I" and "My" and not "we" or "the team". What you are saying is what you believe and using others to support your message implies cowardness in you as a coach. Use paraphrases on what the player has just said. By paraphrasing player's thoughts and feelings you let him know that you are listening and that you care. Here are some typically lead-ins for a paraphrase: "What you're telling me is...", "What I hear you're saying is...". Also, try to deliver your message immediately. Responding immediately provides more effective feedback than does a delayed response. Sometimes you might reinforce your message by repeating key points, however, do not use this technique too often. Also, try to avoid double messages. An example of a double message will be the following: "I really want you to play Kevin. I think you're a fine player, this is just not the right time for you". Here you deliver acceptance and rejection at the same time, which probably leaves Kevin confused and hurt. What I want to say here is that delivery and criticism is a skill. You've probably often heard such remarks from coaches like "I've told him a thousand times", "It goes in one ear and out the other". From player side, you can hear the following they say about their coaches" "He's always shouting and yelling!", "He is so hard to approach...". The problem here is that many people take criticism as a threat to self-esteem. They concentrate on defending themselves instead of listening to the message. So how exactly should you provide your players with criticism? Modern sports research demonstrated that the so-called sandwich approach is the most effective way to give a portion of criticism. This approach consists of three sequential elements" a positive statement, future-oriented instruction, and the complement. For example, you might start with a positive statement like: "you're working really hard out there!" Then give a portion of criticism in the form of future-oriented instruction by saying: "Next time, check over your shoulder when approaching to the ball". And finish with a compliment like: "Keep up the good work!" Ending the interaction on a positive note makes it more likely that the instruction will be remembered. Okay, now I hope you understand the importance of working on your communication and your leadership skills! Please stand by and see very soon. 16. Conclusion and References: Okay, this is our last lecture and I just wanted to provide you with some references for further reading. As you remember, there are four main performance components in football. Now I'm going to provide you with the references for each of these components so you can start improving yourself as a coach right after finishing the course. Let's start with the physical one and namely with the conditioning. As a fundamental reading, I would recommend the exercise physiology by McArdle, Katch and Katch. This book will provide you with a basic understanding of how our body functions when exercising. More football-related reading would be this series of football conditioning books from soccertutor .com These are very nice books but could be a bit difficult to read if you're lacking some basic knowledge in human physiology. That's why I would recommend to first start with the fundamentals. If you want to improve your knowledge in such a particular topic as high-intensity interval training, then I would recommend the Application and Science of HIIT by Paul Laursen and Martin Buchheit. Regarding football nutrition, the best book is probably the FIFA/FMARC Consensus on Sports Nutrition edited by R.J. Maughan. Here you'll find a very detailed description of how different types of food, coffee, and alcohol affect players fitness level. This is a must read book, I would say. Regarding the tactical component, you'll be provided with the fundamentals when undertaking your UEFA license courses. Some specific readings about tactical periodization and other tactical issues can be found on soccertutor. com. It may look like a sponsored review but it's not, I only recommend those books that I found myself interesting in and worth to read. For the psychological component, the fundamental reading is the "Foundations of Sport and Exercise psychology" by Robert Weinberg and Daniel Gould. More football-specific reading would be the Psychology book presented by MatchFit Conditioning trademark. Regarding the technical components, the fundamentals the book is The Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement by Joseph Hamill. You can also watch some professional technique-related YouTube videos, especially I would recommend the AllAttack channel. Those guys post high-quality videos and are very knowledgeable in football- specific technical questions. And of course, you should watch the games and make your own notes on how professional players execute a particular skill. Let's take a look at the example. Here you can see Norwich City is playing against Tottenham. Okay, now you see Vertonghen scores but what about the preceding technical aspects? ..... OK, you can notice that he keeps his eyes on the ball. Goes toward the ball. Jumps higher than his opponent, and directs the ball downward, which makes it even more difficult for the goalkeeper. ..... ...... ....... Now you see Buendia applies the correct ball protected technique by using his arm and the wide base to hold off the defender. ..... .... .... Now, let's take a closer look at the correct shooting technique. A support leg should be slightly bent. Again, keep your eyes on the ball. And use high cocking of the kicking leg. What the Norwich striker did incorrectly was the far positioning of the support foot. Normally it should be just slightly over the ball line. .... But the shot was still pretty good! ... Now the Norwich defender is going to put his body between the ball and the opponent, which is the right option in order to protect the ball. Again, he holds off the defender by using his left arm, which is good. ... Now you can notice the poo ball trapping technique where the first touch caused the ball to go far away from the feet. In the end, Norwich won that game on penalties. I also wanted that you take advantage of modern science and give a read to football-related research articles. These articles can be found by using such academic search engines like Google Scholar or PubMed. Okay, now I've provided you with the necessary readings and watchings for each of the performance components. As I said, it was our last lecture in this course. One would hope you find it helpful and maybe even not too boring. Right now I have to say goodbye, take care, go forward, and never stop learning!