Become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach | Vladimir Kartashov | Skillshare

Become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach

Vladimir Kartashov, Football Coach

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12 Lessons (46m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. FIFA Structure

    • 3. Coach Salary Overview

    • 4. Types of Coach

    • 5. UEFA Coaching Licenses

    • 6. Sports Degree

    • 7. Performance Components

    • 8. Where to Start

    • 9. Coaching Methodologies

    • 10. Tactical Periodization Principles

    • 11. Leadership and Communication

    • 12. Conclusion and References

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About This Class


This is the Complete Step-by-Step Guide for Non-Professionals on how to become a Professional Football (Soccer) Coach.

The first part of the course includes all of the following:

  • FIFA Structure

  • Coach Salaries at different tiers

  • UEFA Coaching Licenses

  • Sports Degree: Sports Management vs Sports Science

  • Overview of Football-Specific Performance Components

In the second part, we will go into details and cover the following topics:

  • Football Coaching Methodologies

  • Tactical Peridiodization and its Principles

  • Leadership and Communication

  • References for further reading

The course is considered to be short, clear, and concise. There is no prior sport and football-specific knowledge required as the information is processed and presented in an easily understandable way.


1. Introduction: welcome to the course on how to become a professional football coach. First of all I want to introduce is the two main characters. As you've already recognized, the 1st 1 is you, and the 2nd 1 is your teacher Date will guide you throughout the whole course. The content is divided into two parts. The just one is called qualifications. Very well. Talk about the A for coaching licenses, sports related education and four main performance components. The second part is called going into details and at the name suggests year old dive into the details of performance in modern football. David will also show you some tricks and tips as well as presented is the references for fears a region In the long term, this second part will be constantly extended. But please don't quote me on that. Okay, that's enough. With the introduction, let's just stop 2. FIFA Structure: you may be interested in. How is the modern football organized? Let's take a look at FIFA structure FIFA or Federation International. The Football Association is the guy's governing body of football. FIFA includes six members which are called configurations. Each configuration corresponds to geographical continents like Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, Oceania configurations of further divided international associations. So every configuration corresponds to a continent for us, every association to a country. There are some exceptions, of course, but usually it's like that. Have you, for example, ever one that where the new game rules come from? They originated in FIFA and then FIFA in stocks configurations to apply them. Configurations in tone instruct their subordinate associations to apply the new rules. Sometimes change is also go the other way around, from association to FIFA and then back to other associations. Let me give you an example. Imagine in one of the European associations, one player hits another player and needs to be suspended for, let's say, one year in order to prevent the player to be rented by a football club from another configuration there. Yea for asks FIFA to suspend that player and all the configurations are required to instruct their associations to suspend The given player that's called more than football is organized today. In the next video, we're going to talk about Coach, Taylor said. Different associations too soon and sense for fortune. 3. Coach Salary Overview: As you remember, association corresponds to a country in Europe. We are going to take a look at coach salaries in German, English and Ukrainian associations. Let's just start. His Germany German Association consists of multiple leagues, Dear One week is called Bundesliga one. Then go Bundesliga two and three. These are the top three professional football leagues in Germany. A mother league started. T afforded regional league dear five. There is over legal in a tear. Six A so called local league pitches further divided into upto five sub leaks. Okay, that's always very nice, but you're interested in court, Sellers said. Different years, right? Let's take a look at them in the local league and its sub leaks. Head coach gets around 500 euros per month in order a legal average cost. Celery is around 1000 euros for us in regional leak. It's already 2000 in Bundesliga three. The Phils. German Professional league and every coach gets around 10,000 euros monthly salary in second, Bundesliga 35,000 and then Bundesliga, one around 130,000 euros, which makes more than 1.5 1,000,000 in one year. Okay, that's what about Germany Let's now take a look at what is going on in the UK in England, therefore, professional leaks and feel the down there is also a bunch of tomato leagues were not going to consider. He has a situation with Scott. Sellars is very similar to that in Germany, with an unbelievable 200,000 tourists per month for Premier Li coach, but not in every European Association court sellers that that high. Let's take a look at Ukraine first ofall the only two professional leagues a Tijuana. An average Ukrainian coach gets only 15,000 euros per month. Any idea to it? Just 1000 euros. Let's not have a look at one of the Asian associations and let it be the Chinese Football Association before 2020 in Chinese high steer. The average course salary was hasn't credit because one million euros per month those for good times for international coaches. But now they're gone A C, FHM and Chantry onset. I hope I pronounce his name correctly. Our collapse had too much money burned and our professional football has not been running a sustainable way. So starting from 2020 the average monthly coach seller is going to be just 80,000 euros. Okay, until now we're talking about first team coaches, but they're not on the first team coaches in football clubs. Let's take a closer look at Tottenham, one of the best European football clubs here. The seller of the first team head coach is as high as one million euros per month. But in Tottenham's also United coach you 17 coach and all the way down to Children coach, you're 17 coach. Monthly salary is just 5000 euros. In addition, daughter, who has its own female team and call the corresponding female young teens, coaches or female team separate lists and coaches off male teams. The coach of Total comes main female team gets only 5000 euros per months, which is hardly comparable with the salary of Joseph. But let's no take a look at one of their motto teams. If you go to Germany and Giusti a five, there is a so called table football club and first off, we noticed there no fume. Lt's unfortunately, women's football isn't that much developed, and many Amartya football cops don't hear a correspondent female department. Moreover, Sellers said, tomato football clubs have nothing to compare with sellers that professional in tables. The first team coach gets roughly 800 euros, whereas the 17 coach gets a tiny compensation of just 200 years. Do not use the difference with the professional level. Okay, I think it's enough talking about money Now. You have an idea of how much football coaches er and different levels stay tuned and thanks for watching. 4. Types of Coach: If I asked you to visualize the future Coach Correa, you'll probably say that in the end, you would like to become an elite coach like Mourinho Guardiola. I only want to tell you that there also are the opportunities available for you. First of all, you can also be a female team coach. The advantage of being a melting coach is that you get a cry. Celebrate a little in comparison to female team coaches. In addition, Main football is more favored by public these days. Becoming a professional female team coach, on the other hand, requires less competition and gives you opportunity to have a big influence on the development of women's football. There are some differences to take into account when specializing in coaching is a male or female teams. Men tend to be more outcome oriented, which means that they want to become the best players in thirteen's. In contrast, the minimal task oriented all they want is to become better players than the at the moment . So you have to take this and many other differences into account when coaching is a male or female. Teams also can become Children use or senior team coach The advantage of being the Children coach is that it has allows entry point and requires fewer qualifications. It's very different to use and senior team coaching, since it's more fun oriented. Whereas coaching Adel's is more performance oriented, The downside of being a Children coach is that they usually paid less than use and senior team coaches. Starting is a use coach is probably the best starting point if you want to pursue in Elite coach career, but good seller is here. I available only at elite level. I personally wouldn't recommend you. Starting is a senior coach, but from a certain level, it's your speech into this type as it will help you in your dream to become an elite coach . And there are also other also available. Not just a cultural. You can become a video analyst, an important role for analysing and a common opponent and presenting its strengths and weaknesses to a head coach. They're all requires a lot of computer walk, and extensive use of such software is instead and by scout we can become a goalkeeper coach . They're all requires close. Volker is a player and a similar to coaching athletes from individual sports like golf, tennis and for goalkeeper coaches. There is also less competition in order to become professional. You can also be a football psychologist, which is usually a part time role where you need to interview only on certain occasions. So the main your football psychologist work for multiple football clubs, okay, and this video presented to some alternative. But if you're still keen on becoming a football coach, don't see anyone. 5. UEFA Coaching Licenses: Okay. Now you might ask me about the qualifications you need in order to become a professional coach. The first thing you need is a coaching license Bundy year for realized. The quality off its cautious doesn't correspond to desired standards. It's such a for organized, its own educational coaching courses. Successful completion of the scorching courses is no rewarded with three A for license. Let's now take a closer look at your youthful eyes. That's the spirit meat. It's a very bottoms. There is a so called coaching basics course, which is a very short introductory course consisting of just of a couple of lectures, but it still managed to complete. And then you proceed directly to the first coaching license, the four C license, which corresponds to the second level of the pyramid. So what deems can you coach you this license Israel For C license, you can cause the lowest er Marta teams usually teams from tear six and below at the threes . They're easy a Furby license. This license gives you the opportunity to be the head coach of all teams. Up to Tier four ought to be an assistant coach at their two and below the next step is to you for you support license. You know the to apply for this license. You already need to be the holder of the year for B license. Please know that this life and still corresponds to level three. So when you see in a job descriptions the requirement of minimum levels recording license, this will mean that you need to be the called off, either. Yea, for use of what license or you for B license you for use of what license gives you the opportunity to manage use team, said professional football clubs and national teams. At level four. There is a year for a license, which lets you manage all professional teams in a given association entered the top of the pyramid, you'll find the Year for Pro License, which is vile, accepted and lets you manage any team in any association. So what exactly really started you on your license course at Level one? You'll be presented with some basic football knowledge, which is probably already known to you. But as I said, it's necessary to attend to the strut induction course during the If I see license, you'll die contested details and differences of coaching, senior use and Children football teams. The baby license. It's all about teaching football. Specific techniques such as person shooting offers touch. It's also the first Coast where you get into football tactics. Name the individual group and team tactics. Here you will get to know how to coach tactical aspects during six and a decide game sessions. I used to vote license scholars, physical, social and psychological aspects of used Cochin. The for a license is all about tactics. He'll study defensive, offensive and transitional game fathers. You also get to know how to design nine. In the leading aside, practical sessions, the Year for Pro License will teach you how to become a football manager, a person who controls all performance related processes and the sign. Certain roles. Two team members. So how long will it take you to get each of this licenses? Coaching basic scores last only a few days, whereas the duration of C license is usually three months. In order to get the A for A or B licenses you usually need from 6 to 18 months, depending on the association. Just demands for advanced use of what license and 18 months for the for pro license, please know that you have talked date your high sterile license every three years. Fortunately, the updating procedure doesn't require a lot of effort. And this quite easy. Introducing your for coaching licences was a very good decision. The quality or European coaches improved, and now all the confederations except you for licenses. Some configurations even launched their own coaching courses. But still, the quality of the year for license is considered to be high in comparison to the license off another configuration. Okay, now the very important question comes up, and that is easy. A for license, enough to become a professional coach. Well, it depends. The license should be enough if your next professional player, because for professional players it's easier to land the job is a coach. The license can also be enough if you get a helping hand from another coach, which will boost your coach in Korea here, see how suburb Robson is helping very young under village Bush, and the license is definitely enough. If you consider coaching outside Europe because, as a configurations values the for licenses even more than you pay for itself. If it's not your case, then the license along will not be enough. In this case, you need additional qualifications. We are going to talk about in the next videos. Catch you later and thanks for watching. 6. Sports Degree: along this coaching license. You'll also need to sports related degree suppose degrees necessary in order to improve your chances to be high. It is a football coach. Such fundamental sport topics like Vo two marks running economy and 80 p are not taught during zj for license courses. Just believe me, that edginess sports related degree to your CV. Well, substantial. Increase your chances to go professionally. They're two options you can choose from. You can study either sports management or sports science. If you choose sports management, then start in sport will comprise approximately 50% of your degree. Another 50% will be related to studying business in sport. But if you go for sport science than sport is going to be the only subject you will be studying. But for the career opportunities after each of this options, after graduating in sports management, you can become a football sponsoring consultant, marketing manager. Get one of the administrative roles or it can become a football manager, which is probably the most desired outcome after sports science. Surprisingly, you can become a sports scientist, physical therapist, sports psychologist or a football manager, as you see can achieve your goal by becoming a football manager after being coordinated in ease off these degrees, it's up to you to decide which one you go for. Some examples of well known figures that have a degree in sports management include Mauricio Pochettino and Edvin Gunderson, who now walks is a serious IAC's on sports science signs. There's such a well known coaches as Rosa Moline, you and Julian Nuggets Man, please note that both of them have never played at a professional level. Let's now consider the pros and cons of feature of the degrees. The advantage of sports management is that you get specific knowledge in football club structure and functioning. But it can also be a disadvantage because this knowledge is very different in each country . In contrast, sport science gives you. Then you also know that you can apply everywhere, and this is performance related knowledge, which I believe you'll find more motivations and studying some business aspect. The downside is, of course, is that you get less football club management knowledge. Let me know, give you a piece of advice I got in each of these two options. If you go for sports management, do some extra study in sports, physiology, biomechanics and psychology. During your degree, you can do it online is ville. If if you spot science, then I would you comment, attending to some location specific football club management courses? Okay, you may argue that you already have a job and you simply do not have time for starting, especially from the very start and for five more years. I totally understand you. But believe me, it's kind of necessary for those who were out of professional football. Fortunately, nowadays you can study online on site. Study is considered to be a traditional study mort, but getting education online can be a very good alternative the advantage of traditional motives that you can find a non expensive solution. In some European countries, getting an education is completely free of charge. Getting the support is also quite easy, since they're always students available, ready to assist you. The main disadvantage of such education is that it's not flexible. You always have to be at a given place at a certain time, and this is what makes online education such an attractive option as it's totally flexible and you decide where and went to study distance learning is still not very common. So while traditional education is available almost everywhere, getting an online degree east quite pricey and only possible at some American Australian and UK universities. Okay, Now I hope you got that feeling of the importance of sports related degree right now. That's all I wanted to tell you about education. Thanks for attention and see you later. 7. Performance Components: Okay, let us start with the over your four main areas in which a football player can improve himself. In most literature, this area's a cold performance components. The first component is the physical component, which comprises such segments of strength, speed, endurance and mutilation. The 2nd 1 is the tactical component. In order to be successful in modern football, every player should be knowledgeable in individual group and team tactics, be always aware off strengths and weaknesses of the common opponent, and be well informed regarding the latest updates off football rules and regulations in order to successfully utilize and comply with them. The short one is a psychological component which comprises such topics as anxiety management, maintaining concentration and motivation, making use of imagery, techniques and many other performance related psychological issues. May you get the last performance component. Of course, it's a technical one and include the details about the execution of passes. Shots on goal had us or first touch, for example. For every professional coach, it's was become incompetent in every topic in each of these components, and then to transmit the knowledge to his players. Okay, now you're definitely on the right track, So see in the next video 8. Where to Start : Okay. Imagine you've got this populated Masters degree in three year for the license. Now you should ask yourself where to start. Gather in your coaching experience because they're multiple options available. If you leave in Europe, you can start directly in your local European association in. The other option would be to move to such Asian countries like China, Thailand, Qatar or the United Arab Emirates, working in one of this country's will bring it to a very good starting income. But the limited career opportunities available because of the fact that people are mainly interested in European professional football walking is a novice coach in European association will not give you much money at first, but we'll definitely provide. It is a chance to become an established football manager. What I want to say is that it's up to to set up your priorities before choosing an appropriate association. Okay, it's open now. Please stand by. And thanks for watching 9. Coaching Methodologies: If you think you can start coaching, a professional team wants to get the required knowledge in clarifications, then you're on. A good coach needs a detailed structure training plan before getting toe actual walk. Let us talk a bit about coaching methods, the three main coaching approaches or categories. Here we have analytical, integrated and tactical period ization approaches. Let's not take a closer look at each of them. The 1st 1 is the analytical approach, which came from Eastern Europe and was initially developed only for individual sports. He has the priority was given to the physical condition, and all four performance components were trained in isolation from each other, as they also of this approach of Matt. We've said a complex idea can be simplified by isolating and analyzing the simplest, most basic mechanisms. That's why the approach is called analytical. The second coaching approaches, called Integrated and the P. It is a response to analytical approach. Nowadays, integrated approach is the most common methodology in football coaching. It's more importance placed on the specificity of the game. She had physical, technical and tactical components that trained together, but the psychological component is not taken into account Moreover, this approach has nothing to do with teams, tactics and mentality. As Gillerman Lovera says in integrated approach, the decisions taken by players at different times are not regulated and coordinated by a common tactical language. And now we finally come to the tactical period ization approach. Tactical period ization was originated by Portuguese professor Vitor Freight and what successfully applied by such famous coaches as Rosa Marina, Brendan Rodgers and host of Guardiola. In this approach, the importance is placed on the specificity off Tim tactics and not only on the specificity of the game. As Rosa Marina says, any practice we do must be related to our ideas off play in tactical period ization the tactical component coordinate three other components and is often called the game model. So what exactly should be included in our game model? Let's check it out the game or that includes the rules they got in players behavior enduring all game faces. But you may want the vote as a game faces. The attack in game face is when your team is in possession of the ball. Accordingly, is a defensive face has been the opponent has possession. There are also two very important transitional phases. A transition from attack to defence when possession is lost and the transition from defence to attack when possession is regained. So every detail off each of the game faces has to be included in our game model. The game model works like a constitution for a team and therefore should be very detailed teams. Behavior in the game model has a hierarchical structure and is represented by principles, sub principles, sub stop principles and so on. Well, it's not. Take a look at some examples. Imagine for the transition from defence to attack, you postulate the players have to ensure possession right after winning the ball. You can specify. An exception is a sub principle by manifesting that if the situation is promising, then the place allowed to play a risky pass after Vinnie in possession and as a sub principle would be that other players are required to provide the support to the player who has just Vontobel. And this can be done by moving close and using communication that all should be reading in your game model. Let's have a look at how the players feel implemented during the actual game when a player invisible. He immediately realizes that now the priority should be given to maintain possession. It's the very same time all other placed in the bowl area know that they have to provide support for the first player. The latter realizes that the safest option in this context would be to simply play backward . And he does. From this point, the possession is safe. Please know that all the players know what to do during this defense to attack transitional face because it's written in the game model and was transmitted to them by the coach. I also want to point out that Siri Tickly, the division of principles and sub principles, isn't limited. It's up to you to decide when and where to stop. What I want to say here is that you have to write your own game model. Every football coach has its own tactical ideas, and this idea should not only be in his head, but also explicitly included in the game model and then transmitted to the players. Okay, that's enough for now, I think See you in the white 10. Tactical Periodization Principles: well, that's no diet would be deep into the tactical period ization approach. There are some principles you need to conform to in order to successfully implement this methodology. These principles are different from the principal's off game model we started previously and which were representing your coach and ideas. The first and probably the most important is the principle of specificity, which claims that the content of practical sessions should specifically represent our game model. Our players should know our game model and understand the aims and objectives off each practice. Let's take a look at the example. Imagine one off our game model principle states that the team should apply press and immediately after losing possession. A specific practice to this principle will be a six versus six months sided game. As shown on the figure he has. The Reds are talking players who tried to score a goal after losing possessions. They have to apply present in other defensible back reasons and extent. Seconds the blues a defensive players whose goal is to prevent rates from scoring as opposed to attacking players after being in the balls, the blue should try to maintain possession, joins the next 10 seconds is you see, this practice is completely representative off our game model and sauces consistent with specificity principle. The second principle is the principle of propensity. This principle claims that we need to create practices in which the desired actions occur more frequently. Let's say our game model says the Germans a beautiful face place have to stay comment on the pressure while trying to progress. If you take a look at the figure on the left, it's a blue PSA plane with numerical disadvantage during the build up. Their goal is to scorn one of too many goals while trying to maintain composer and under pressure. Because of the numerical advantage of the red team, the desired behaviour occurs more frequently, which makes this practice to conform with the principle of propensity. The third principle is the principle of systematic repetition. The systematic repetition off our specific practices should help our players to make their actions more automatic. The learning process and football is based on acquiring new habits. The systematic repetition off our builder practice will strengthen the composure in our players and to help them to make quicker decisions and to feel more comfortable than being on the pressure. As Rosa Marina says, we create habits in order to maintain the performance off our team, which often translates into good levels of play. The next principle is a principle of complex progression here. The progress from simple to complex principles in our game model remember the principle of the game model. Baby states that our place can use communication than providing support after being in possession in our training plan, we should first start with this simple sub stop principle and then slowly progress to the main principle. It's a so called vertical progression. We should also maintain progression from high to low priority principles, and this corresponds to the horizontal progression. For example, take a team that has placed this low technical level, but he's very fast attacking players for this team. The attacking principles can be less important in the correct implementation. Off its defensive principles, he has a horizontal ordering off the principles of game faces placed a crucial role where we start by bringing to practice our high priority defensive principles, and only after that the less prioritized attacking principles. Okay, the next principle is a principle of tactical fatigue and concentration. The principle states that there is a need for appropriate management of players, fatigue and concentration levels. As more in your says, I cannot disassociate training intensity from the concept of concentration when I say football is made up of high intensity actions. I also referred to the need for permanent concentration. So the training lot includes a physical or put upon players and also the concentration lot . If you take a look at the example where our team has von official game per week being played on weakened, then the car training lot should take place in the middle of the week. And the least demanding training session usually occur right after in before the March day and the last principal of the tactical period ization methodology is the principle of performance stabilization we got in this principle. I want again to quote Joseph, I don't want my team tohave peak performances or other than that, I prefer to keep their levels of performance Always. This is because they're not games that are more important than others. We need to be in every game in the analytical approach. The training load is very high the preseason and gets essentially lowered during in season . In contrast, in tactical period is ations. The training lot is equally distributed across all weeks, as shown on the figure performance stabilization manifest that the data they practices should be designed to enhance a specific physical component. Here. We can carry out our strengths practices on Wednesday, endurance practice on Thursday and speed practices on Friday, for example, There shouldn't be two consecutive endurance training. That's what the principle of performance stabilization is all about. Okay, now you know the six principles of the Tactical Period ization approach very well done and keep up the good work. 11. Leadership and Communication: Okay, now you may think you have all the required knowledge in order to start coaching. The sink issue also have to always keep working on your personality and namely on your leadership skills. Leadership is defiant. Is the behavioral process off influencing Players Store but said goals? Let's now take a closer look at two main goals categories where you have to be successful as a coach. The first category is performance outcome goals, and the 2nd 1 is the goals oriented toward players. Satisfaction. Performance outcomes refer to state in the goals and getting the job done by achieving Zoff goals. Player satisfaction goals refer to the development off interpersonal relationships, maintain positive social interactions and ensure area and is involved in feeling good. According is their coaches who belonged to one of two main coaching styles, task oriented and player oriented. If task oriented coach usually tries to improve players performances by giving appropriate technical and tactical instructions, emphasizing and facilitating the rigors training and by being aware and coordinating all players activities. A player oriented coach concerns with players, welfare and attempts to establish a relationship with them in order to be successful is the football coach, you have to come by and both of these coaching styles. Okay, this is a serious now you may want the wood. Does all this mean in a practical sense, if you're appointed? Is the coach of the team that had a poor training plan? Players don't like you from the very start, and you've got a poor position off power than the task oriented behaviour would be the most appropriate coaching style. If the situation is moderate in control, then you should tend to use the player oriented coaching style. Finally, when everything is good in this situation is fine control. Then again, the task oriented style appears to be your best option. Coach's decision making behavior is usually divided in the autocratic and democratic and autocratic Coach makes decisions independently and stresses personal authority players. Input is generally not invited here. In contrast, the Democratic coach allows players to participate in decisions regarding their goals, sessions and tactics. The interesting fact is that female teams usually prefer Democratic coach, which allows them to contribute to the decisions. In contrast, male teams tend to prefer instructive coaches with an autocratic coaching style. The cultural background is also its influence and coach preferences. European players usually prefer task oriented coaches for US, Asians favor play oriented coaches with autocratic behaviour is a coach. You also have to be prepared for different circumstances. Well prepared leaders usually plan ahead for all possible events that may occur, including the ones they consider unlikely or distasteful is an examples. Rosa moving Your always tells his players were tactically, even the team suddenly goes 10 down or even two goals down. Another thing you have to do is the leader is to work on your communication skills. Let me give you some tips you can use is a coach in order to deliver effective messages to your players. Always express your point of view un emotionally. Emotions usually impairs the understanding off the message you want to deliver. Own your message. Use. Find my and not the or the team. What you're saying is what you believe, and using others to support your message implies covered this in years. The coach you spiral phrases and what the play has just said by paraphrasing players, sorts and feelings. You let him know that you are listening and that you care. Here's some typical Indians for a paraphrase. What you are telling me is, but I hear you saying is also try to deliver your message immediately. Responding immediately provides more effective feedback, then does circulate response. Sometimes you might reinforce your message. Very beating. Key points, however, do not use this technique too often. Also, try to avoid double messages. An example off a double message will be the following. I really want you to play Kevin. I think you're a fine player. This is just not the right time for you here. You deliver acceptance and rejection at the same time, which probably lives giving confused and hurt. What I want to say here is the delivering criticism is a skill. You've probably often heard such remarks on coaches like I've told him 1000 times. It goes in one ear and out the other from players side. You can hear the following they say about their coaches. He's always shouting, and Yellen he's so hot approach. The problem here is that many people take criticism as a threat to self esteem. They concentrate on defending themselves instead of listening to the message. So how exactly should you provide your players this criticism more than spot research demonstrated that the so called sandwich approach is the most effective way to give a portion off criticism. This approach consists of three sequential elements. A positive statement, future ended instruction and the compliment. For example, you might start with the positive statement like you're working really hard out there, Then give a portion of criticism in the form of future oriented instruction by saying, next time, check over your shoulder and approach into the bowl and finish with a compliment like Keep up the good work engines. The interaction on a positive note makes it more likely that instruction will be remembered . Okay, now, I hope you understand the importance of walking on your communication and your leadership skills. Please stand by and see very soon. 12. Conclusion and References: Okay, This is our last lecture, and I just wanted to provide you with some references for feels a region is you remember, therefore, main performance components in football now I'm going to grow idea is the references for each of these components so you can start improving yourself as a coach right after finishing the course. Let's start with the physical one, and namely with the conditioning. As a fundamental reading, I would recommend the exercise Physiology by McCardell. Catch and catch this book will provide. It is a basic understanding of how our body functions spent. Exercising Emma football related region would be the serious of football conditioning books from socket tutor dot com. This is a very nice books, but could be a bit difficult to read if you're like in some basic knowledge in human physiology. That's why I would recommend, if you're started, is the fundamentals. If you want to improve your knowledge in such a particular topic, is high intensity interval training. Then I would recommend the application in science Off hit by Power Larson and Martin Boo height you got in football nutrition. The best book is probably the Fever F Markon centers on Sports Nutrition, edited by R. J. Morgan. Here you will find a very detailed description of how different types of food, coffee and alcohol effect players fitness level. This is a must read book, I would say here we got in the tactical component. You'll be provided with the fundamentals and undertaking you year for license courses, some specific readings about tactical period ization. And as a tactical issues can be found on so computer dot com, it may look like a sponsor to review, but it's not. I only recommend those books that I found myself interesting and forced to read for the psychological component. The fundamental reading is the foundations of sport and exercise Psychology By Robert Wine Back and Daniel Gold. Mm football specific reading would be the psychology book presented by much fit condition in trademark regarding the technical component. The Fundamentals Book is the biomechanical basis of human movement by Joseph Hannu. You can also watch some professional, technical related YouTube videos, especially I would recommend the all attack channel, those guys supposed high quality videos and the very knowledgeable and football specific technical questions. And, of course, you should go to the Games and make your own notes on how professional players executed particular skill. Let's take a look. It's example here. You can see no cities playing against Tottenham. Okay, now receiver Duncan scores. But what about the preceding technical aspect? 13 minutes. It was all about the deliberate. Okay, you can notice that he keeps his eyes on the ball, go store visible jumps, highs and his opponent and their eggs herbal downward. Which makes it even more difficult for the goalkeeper from less Celso a great head at Why buy branch to Lewis now? You see, Blandi applies the correctable protecting technique by using his arm and the right ways to hold off the defender. India. Oh, great quick feet from there. Now let's take a closer look at the correct shooting. Take me a support leg. Should be slightly bend again. Keep your responsible and use hike walking off the kicking leg. But the Norwich striker did incorrectly. Was the proposition in off the support food? Normally, it should be just slightly over the ball line. Expect Star Short was still pretty delightful. Flick from less Celso Nukus Moral. We'll get onto it takes on Lewis now the knowledge defender is going to put his body between the Bolan's opponent, which is the right option in order to protect the ball. Tribal gets again. He holds off the defendant by using his left arm, which is good. They're ahead of less Elser, more top minority. Now you can notice the mobile trapping technique where but first Touch causes a ball to go fire away from the feet. Does your which ones that game on penalties. I also want that you take advantage of more than science and give a read to a football related research articles. These articles can be found by using such academic search engines like Google Scholar or Cabinet. Okay now, if provided to visit necessary readings and watching for each of the performance components . As they said, it was our last lecture in the scores, one would hope you find it helpful and maybe even not too boring. Right now. I have to say goodbye Daycare go forward and never stop learning