Basic Step by Step Photo Manipulation in Adobe Photoshop | Elizabeth Ann | Skillshare

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Basic Step by Step Photo Manipulation in Adobe Photoshop

teacher avatar Elizabeth Ann, Digital Artist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (51m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:44
    • 2. Class Project

      0:35
    • 3. Setupfile

      0:56
    • 4. Creating Subway

      13:18
    • 5. Finishing Subway

      6:41
    • 6. Adding Shark and Creating Ropes

      11:11
    • 7. Adding and Editing the Background

      10:59
    • 8. Final Touches

      5:48
    • 9. Thank You

      0:21
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About This Class

*The files for this class can be downloaded from the project section*

Have you ever want to create a fantasy world in Adobe Photoshop? Have you ever wanted to add something fun to an image or create an image purely from your imagination? You can do that with photo manipulation. This class is for anyone interested in blending multiple images together to create unique art. In this class we will learn how to use multiple images to create  anything your imagination can conceptualize. This course does not require any prior knowledge. Every step and tool used is explained.

In the first few sections we will use multiple photos to create assets. We will use different techniques and tools (stamp tool, color matching, masking, and adjustment layers) to create original pieces.

In the final sections we will use Camera Raw Filters to add different hues, adjust exposures and highlights. Finally, we will add “light” to windows and other areas of the image using Camera Raw Filter.

The image created in class:

ce678f71.jpg

Meet Your Teacher

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Elizabeth Ann

Digital Artist

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hey everyone, I'm Elizabeth. I'm headed to artists that specializes in Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and after effects. One of my favorite things to do is to create fun images in Adobe Photoshop. I have made photo manipulations for over 10 years. And this class we're going to make a fun image. And while making that image, will learn how to use tools like the Stamp tool, masking, color match, and adjustment layers that will help you in blending multiple images to create one composite. I will provide you with all the images that are used in this video, but feel free to use your own. Let your imagination run wild. I'm excited to see what you all come up with. Now let's get started. Hi. 2. Class Project: The project in this course is limited only by your imagination. You can create whatever image you want. You can follow along with the video and do exactly what we do in the class. You can go back and add your own personal touches, or you can go completely left the center. Use your own images and create something completely unique to you. A couple of great places to find images is pixabay.com or unsplash.com. Once you finish your project, go to the project section in this course and post it. I'll be looking out for new products every day. I look forward to seeing what you can create. 3. Setupfile: All right, so the first thing we're gonna do is we're going to set up a new composition. So when you open Photoshop, go to Create New. And now I'm going to use a 1500 pixel by 2100 pixel in a portrait format. So it's going to be vertical and I'm going to have 300 pixel resolution and my background is going to be transparent. Then we're going to hit Create. And now we have our composition to start. Next thing we're gonna do is we're going to bring in all the images that we're going to use to make the subway. So I'm going to bring all of them in at the same time. When you drag him in, it's going to convert them to a smart object. We're gonna do this for every picture that we're going to use. Now we're set up to make our subway card. 4. Creating Subway: So what we're gonna do is we're going to take half of this subway cart and turn it into one full subway card. So let's grab our Quick Selection Tool and we're going to do a rough selection of the subway car on the left. You can do the one on the right if you want. Selection doesn't have to be perfect because we're going to clean it up. Just make sure you select everything on the inside, including the Windows. Once you have it selected, we're going to mask out the rest of the image. So with it selected, go down to your layers panel and go to the Mask option and click on the Mask button. I didn't have anything selected, so we're going to undo that and make sure I have everything selected. Go back and click the Mask button. Once you have everything mast out, click on the layer, it Control or Command T. Let's move it over. And we're going to size it up. Hit Enter to place it. Now we're going to add different ends to it. So find the image that is called ends. And we're going to select the end of this subway card. So with your Quick Selection Tool selected, just click on the end of the subway. Again, this can be a rough selection. We're going to clean it up. Once you have it selected, go up to Select and Mask. And we're going to smooth the selection out. And then click OK. Go down to your Layers panel and we're going to mask out the rest of the image like we did with the other image. Now we're going to clean up the image. So go to your rectangle selection tool and drag out a rectangle and line up the end of the rectangle with the side of the subway end. Once you have that and go to your paintbrush, make sure black is in the foreground. And we're going to get rid of all of this. When you have a selection on your Canvas, you are only able to edit in that selection. So by putting a selection rectangle on this, we are only able to mask out what is inside that selection rectangle. This is a great way to edit the image in a certain area without being able to affect other areas outside of the selection. Okay, Once we have that done, we are going to make our main subway visible. Then click on your end and control or command T. And we're going to move it into place at the end of the subway. So just scale it down, rotate it, do whatever you need to do to put it where you want it. This is where I want mine. Once you have it in place, click Enter. Now we're gonna do the same thing that we did with the end on the main subway to mask out the parts of the image that we don't want. So go back to your rectangle selection tool, drag out a rectangle and line it up to the end of the subway so we can get rid of the extra parts that we don't need. Go to your paint brush tool. Make sure black is in the foreground because we're going to be removing and then paint along the area. And you can deselect by hitting Command or Control D. Now the next thing we need to do is match the color. So we're going to add some texture to it by selecting a portion of the main subway and overlaying that onto the end. So go to your selection rectangle tool. Drag out a rectangle over a portion of the subway that doesn't have any lines, are numbers. Hit Command or Control J, or Command or Control T to transform it. So it's the size of the subway end. Let's rename the layer to texture. Move it above the n layer. Now let's hide that for a second. And since we have the n layer, how we want it, we're going to go ahead and apply this mask. So right-click on the mask and hit Apply Layer Mask. Now an easy way to make a selection is to hit Command and then click on the layer. And you'll see the little box that pops up with the hand and click on the layer, and you'll see that the entire piece is selected. Now let's unhide the texture layer. And we're gonna go down, hit the Mask button. So the texture layer is the exact same size and portion of the n layer. Now we're going to blend everything in. Let's go to the ends layer and we're going to change the hue and saturation. So hit Command or Control U, or go to Image Adjustments, Hue and Saturation. Now let's bring the saturation all the way down. And let's try it with the lightness. Make it a little bit darker. Click Okay. And now let's change the opacity of the texture layer and bring it down a little bit, go up to the Blending Options and click Overlay. Next, we're gonna do the same thing with the texture layer that we did with the n layer. We're gonna go to image adjustments, hue and saturation, or hit Command or Control U on your keyboard. And let's lower the saturation a little bit. So let's apply the layer mask on the texture layer. Right-click on the mask, hit Apply Layer Mask. And we're going to merge the texture and the ends layer together. So click on the texture, Shift-click on the ends layer, right-click, and then Merge Layers. And let's rename that to ends. Next, we're going to add some stuffs to the end of the subway. We're gonna do that using this Stamp tool. Basically got the Stamp tool does is it allows you to select an area on your image and then copy that portion of the image in another area by painting it. Let's do the same thing before i by selecting the end of the subway hit Command and click on the end layer. So that's selected so we can only paint in that area. So let's go to our stamp tool. It looks like a stamp. We're going to bring the opacity down quite a bit and make sure that your brush hardness is all the way down. Before you use the stamp tool, we need to go to the top and change the sample to the layer current and below. So it allows you to pull portions of the image of the main subway layer instead of just the n layer. So how to use a stamp tool is you're going to hold down Alt and you'll see a little bullseye pop-up. And that allows you to click on the portion of the image that you want to copy. So when you're copying that portion of the image, wherever however your brush moves, that bullseye is going to move as well. If you click near the numbers and you start moving the brush tool down, you're going to be copying those numbers as well. So you want to click near an area where there's not a lot of detail. So I'm just going to click around the numbers. Click on the end, click on the door, click on the end, and just move it around so that you have a little bit of stuff on the end of your subway. So the next thing we're gonna do is we're going to change out these windows. I want to make it so that it appears that there's water on the windows and get rid of all this extra stuff like the man in the window and make it so it's somewhat see-through. So we put it in the big composite. And you can see two. You can see the background through the windows. So let's drag in our window image and we're going to size it to a little bit bigger than the window that we have on the subway. So what we wanna do is select the inner parts of the window and not the middle rod, I guess is what you call it. Until you want the quick selection tool, the object selection, the last cell, anything that you are comfortable with. Just make sure you're selecting the inner portion of the windows and not the frame. Once you have a selection made, you're gonna go to your window layer and make it visible. They give this bowl and then click the Mask button on your window layer, and that'll mask out everything but the selected area. So the color on the window does not match the rest of the image. So we're going to play around with the hue and saturation to try and get it less green. So let's go to image adjustments, hue and saturation. Or you can click Command or Control U on your keyboard. And just play around with the sliders to get it to look better. Drop the saturation, make it darker or lighter. We're gonna do other things to the windows. So just make sure the color is somewhat matching. Once you have a color. Let's clean up the window a little bit. You can see that there's some black around the edges. So let's go to the brush tool and we're gonna go to our mask on our window layer, makes sure whites in the foreground and just paint around the edge to get rid of the black. One way to get a straight line is you can click on one end and then hold down Shift and click on another and it will make a straight line. So just follow along until all the edges are filled in. So now that we have that window all done, we're going to apply the layer mask. We're gonna make a selection of the window. So hold down Command or Control and then click on the window layer. With the selection still on. Go to your subway layer. Hide your window layer with the selection still on. Go to your subway layer and just click Delete because we're not going to want any of that information back. So we don't need to mask it out. We're just going to get rid of it completely. Now you can see that there's nothing behind the windows. 5. Finishing Subway: So next we're going to change the window where the man is. So we're going to do the same exact thing. We're going to make a selection. We're going to mask out the window. And then we're going to make another selection and remove that portion of the subway. Then we're going to change the hue and saturation so it matches the other window. Then we're going to change the hue and saturation so it matches the other window. Once we have that done, we pretty much have half of our subway done. So we're going to merge the layers so that we can duplicate it and flip it. We need to apply this layer mass first. So let's apply the layer mask. Now select the window, the end, all the way down to Window 2. We're going to right-click. And we're going to merge layers. Let's rename this to Subway. Now we're going to click on it and it's Command or Control T. Let's move it over. And let's hit Command or Control J to make a copy of it with the copy selected Command or Control T. And then right-click and flip horizontally. Hold down shift and we're going to move it over. And we're going to line up the black line on the subway on the door. We can lower the opacity to make it easier. Once you have it lined up. Bring the opacity backup. Select yours rectangle selection tool with your subway copy layer selected, drag out a selection rectangle over the right side of the subway. And then we're going to make a mask for it to go down to your layer panel, click on the Mask button. Now, it masked out to the portion that we want to keep. So to reverse that, invert the layer mask. So to do that, make sure that the mask is selected, hit Command or Control I. And you can see all the information that you want. And now it looks like we have one subway car. So we're going to apply that layer mask. Click on the layer mask, right-click and Apply Layer Mask. And we're going to merge both the subway layers together. So click on both of them. Right-click Merge layers. Now you can see it's all one piece. Now the only thing that we need to fix so far is the backward numbers. We're going to get rid of those. So we're gonna do that using the stamp tool. So select your stamp tool, hit Option or Alt on your keyboard, and select an area that we want to copy. I'm going to try to make this a full line. So I'm going to click Option, hold down Alt and click on the line. And then I'm going to try to line it up all the way down. And then to get rid of the rest, I'm just going to hold down Option and click around different areas and paint over the rest of the numbers. Be careful where you're clicking. Another thing you can do is you can make a selection on another part of the subway. Hit Command or Control J to make it put his on its own layer. And then Command or Control T to move it over. Put it over the portion that you want to cover. Add a mask to that layer and then blend the edges with your paint brush and the black selected. Be careful, the numbers don't show through. Once you have it somewhere where you want it, apply the layer mask, merge that layer down to the subway layer to make it one layer. And then use your stamp tool again to blend it in a little bit better. There we go. We have one subway cart. 6. Adding Shark and Creating Ropes: Now we're going to add the shark and the ropes that will be going from the shark to the subway to make it seem like the shark is carrying the Subway. So I found these sharks on Pixabay. I believe. We're only going to use one of them. I'm going to choose the one on the top right. So I'm going to make a selection around it and then delete all the other sharks. Once you have the sharp singled out, hit Command or Control T and we're going to scale it up and move it up into place. It's not exactly in the shape. I want. I want it to have its head down a little bit and it's back up a little bit. So we're going to warp it, a command or Control T and then right-click and then select warp. And then just play around with it to get it in the shape that you want. Another thing I wanna do is I want to lighten up the shark to bring out some of the details. So we're gonna do that with curves. So go to Image Adjustments and then Curves. Or you can hit Command or Control M on your keyboard. So we're going to bring the white slider over to bring out the highlights. That looks good for now, we're going to do more things to it to make it look better. So just hit Okay. Now we need to add the ropes. So I found these rope PNG on Pixabay as well. We only need one piece of the rope. So make a selection around one end of the rope. And deleted same on the other side, so that we have one strand or one piece. Now let's make our subway visible and we're going to scale it down and put it into place. Click on your Rope layer and hit Command or Control T. And we're going to move it up, make sure that the Rope layer is above the shark layer. So let's scale it down and move it up, line it up to the edge of the shark. So it looks like it's curving over. Once you have it in place, we're going to duplicate the Rope layer. So we have another piece because we're gonna make one long piece. We're going to blend them all together. And the reason we're doing that is because we don't want to strip this one piece of rope. It will just deform and it won't look as realistic. So with a rope copy selected, transform it and flip it and warp it into place. However you want your rope to look. And do this, make another copy. And do the same thing. And we're gonna do this until we reach the end of the subway. So you're probably gonna have about four layers with a rope on them. So we're going to blend all these together, add a mass to each layer with a rope. So select your brush tool, make sure blacks in the foreground. And we're just going to remove the end. So select a mask and find that layer and just start removing it. So it looks like one long broke. If you remove too much, just put white in the foreground and paint where you want to bring it back. Once you have the rope looking exactly how you want it. We're going to apply all the masks till layer, because we're going to blend all of these layers together. So go to each layer and apply the masks. And then select each row player while holding down command. And right-click and then merge the layers. Let's rename it rope. Now we're just going to copy this layer and then warp it. So let's hit Command J. We're going to copy the Rope layer and we're going to bring this layer below the sharp. So it looks like it's on the other side of the shark. Once you have it there, hit Command or Control T and just move it around and warp it so it doesn't look exactly like the initial rope. And we're gonna do this for every piece of rope going across the shark. So it's going to be three pieces of rope underneath the shark layer and three pieces of rope over the shark layer, make ropes however you want, you don't have to call me. You can use warp, you can use perspective or skew whatever you want to put them into place. You can flip them horizontally or even vertically, says to make them look a little bit different. Once you have been the place, what I'm gonna do is I'm going to mask out this portion of the rope because I wanted to look like it's under the sharks. So on the rope over layer, I'm going to add a mask. Get my brush tool with the black and the foreground. I'm going to mask out that part to, so it looks like it's under the sharps bin. Once that's done, I'm going to apply that layer mask. Now there needs to be a shadow underneath the rope overlayer. So it looks like it's actually on the shark and a subway. So go down to your layer panel, click on the circle, are going to add an exposure layer. Bring that layer below the rope overlayer. And we're going to lower the exposure pretty dark. And now click on the mask on the exposure layer and we're going to invert it. So Command or Control I to invert that. Now we're going to paint back part of the exposure layer. So it looks like there's a shadow underneath the ropes. So the brush tool, make sure whites in the foreground. And we're just going to paint on the ropes, but it's going to look like it's underneath the rope. We're going to lower the opacity. So don't worry about how dark it is right now. Don't make it too big. You don't want it to be too outside of the rope. K12, you have that done. We're going to then we're going to bring the exposure down. Once you have that done, we're going to change the blend mode to multiply. So this is the before and the after. She's a tiny detail. So the next thing I wanna do is I want to add somebody inside of the subway. I found this picture of a child looking up. So it'll look like he's looking at the shark holding the subway. So we're going to make that visible. And we're gonna make a rough selection of the kid. So whatever tool you want to use to make a selection, I'm using my quick selection brush. And we're going to make a rough selection and we're going to mask them out. Once you have it selected, we're going to hit the Mask button to mask it out. And I'm going to select my brush tool with the black in the foreground is going to go around the edges to clean up the selection. Now I'm going to unhide my other layers. Make sure the child is above the subway layer. We're going to scale them down and put them into place. Once you have them in the place, we're going to go back to the mask layer for the child. And we're going to mask out the lower portion of his body. So it looks like he's inside of the subway. Getting closer, try to make it a cleaner line so it doesn't look like he's on the frame. Once we have that done, we're just going to lower the opacity. So it looks like the window is over him. And we're going to change the blend mode to multiply. And there's a portion that's a little bit dark that I didn't really get rid of. So we're going to go back to the mask layer with our brush selected and go to the black in the foreground. And we're just going to remove that one part that looks dark. And I'm also going to lighten him up with curves. So with the layer selected, we're going to go to image adjustments curves, or Command or Control M on your keyboard. And we're just going to make them a little bit lighter. So I'm going to just change this blend mode to screen so the kid looks a little bit lighter because we're actually going to light up these windows later on. 7. Adding and Editing the Background: Now we're going to add our background in to the image. So the background I chose is actually going to be horizontal. So I need to change my Canvas orientation. So first I'm going to read my background image in, and then I'm going to go up to Image Canvas Size and then switch it around to have a width of 2100 and a height of 1500. Then I'm just going to proceed. Then I'm going to scale my background image up. So Command or Control T, and then just resize it to fit your canvas size. Now we're going to place our shark. To make this easier. We're going to group all the shark layers together. So the Rope layers, their exposure layers, the child, the subway. We're going to make that into one group of select all those layers, just basically every layer but the background layer. And then you're gonna right-click group from layers and then just name that group. I'm going to name it shark, and I'm gonna give it a color of red so it's easy to identify. So now if he's just select that group and you can move that as one whole image. Instead of moving it piece by piece, put my shark where I wanted. I wanted to make it seem like it's in between two buildings. So I'm going to hide part of the Subway, so I like it right about there. Now I'm going to apply a layer mask to it, to the whole group, not just to one piece of it. So I'm going to click on the group and then click the Layer Mask button. And then I'm going to hide the group for a minute. And then I'm going to select part of the building that I wanted to hide behind. I'm going to go back to my mask, select the brush tool, make sure black is in the foreground. And then I'm going to just paint into where the selection is so that it seems like the subway car is behind that building. So now that it's hiding behind the building, we need to add a tiny shadow. So we're gonna go to our adjustment layers down the layer panel. And we're going to add a exposure layer like we did with the ropes. We're going to bring the exposure down and then we're going to invert the mask. So select the mask and hit Control or Command I. Then we need to bring that exposure layer above the sharp group. Now with the brush tool selected, we're going to make sure white is in the foreground because we're going to be adding back part of the exposure layer. We're going to paint a tiny shadow to make it look like the building is. It's casting a shadow onto the subway. So just paint a tiny bit and we're going to make it so it's not as prominent. And then we're going to bring the opacity down. Lets the before and after. That's done, I want to see if I can try and match the color of the shark to the color of the background image. So let's open up our group BY and the shark go to Image Adjustments, match color. Now the source is going to be the name of our file and the layer that we want to match it to you is our background layer. Now that looks terrible, but we're going to fix it up. So we're just going to play with the Image Options. We're going to decrease the color intensity and illuminance, and then we're going to fade it out a little bit. Okay. And there's before and after. And I think that looks okay. Now we're gonna do the same thing with the Subway. So click on the subway, change the source and the layer, decrease the luminance and the color intensity and fade it out. It looks like it belongs a little bit better. So I want my image to look like it's almost nighttime. So to do that, we're going to use the camera raw filter. With the camera raw filter, you can adjust the exposure. You can do color grading, add some details to it. You can either even paint a light into certain parts of an image. More gonna do a couple of those things. So let's select all of our layers. We're going to right-click and convert to smart object. Okay, now we're going to go up to Filter and Camera Raw Filter. And feel free to adjust your image however you want to. You don't have to follow along with mine. So I'm going to lower the exposure to make it darker. And I'm going to add a blue tint to it, make it a little cooler because I wanted to seem like nighttime going to play with the adjustments to get it to where I want it. And that looks good. Another thing I wanna do is I want to make it seem like there's light in some of these windows, especially the subway. So you can do that by painting and in camera. So on the right, there's going to be a paintbrush. I'm very sorry that my screen record cut it off, but select the paintbrush. We're going to click the Plus button. Now we're going to make this pretty bright, but we're going to fade it later on to make it more fitting for the image. I want it bright so I can see where I'm painting. So bring the exposure up, bring the yellow up, and now adjust the size of the brush. I'm going to use the smallest size that I can zoom in and we can paint light into these windows. This red dot is basically saying that this is the painting that is active because you can add different sections so that you can have different levels of exposure for different parts of the image. So we're going to add another pane. Click the plus button, and then we're gonna go over to the building and we're going to paint the windows. Some of the windows. Just click over here and we're going to start painting. And if you go outside of where you want, you can erase a portion of that painting. So just click on the eraser and then just erase whatever you want. Now we're going to do a different building. So click the Plus and then we're going to paint in there. I want to do some of the buildings on the right as well. So we're going to click the Plus and do some of those. So now that I have that all done, I want my image to be a little bit darker. So I'm going to go back to basic, back to the sliders and then go back to basic. And I'm going to lower the exposure a little bit more and make it a little bluer. And now I want these windows to be brighter. So I'm going to go back to the brush and I'm going to select the different areas. So I'm gonna click on a white dot and then I'm going to increase the exposure. And I'm going to do that for each section. Now the next thing I do, wanna do is add some light to the top of the image. I don't want the sky to be this dark. So I'm going to do that using the radial. It's a circle. I'm sorry again that it's cut off. So click on the radio and then we're going to drag out a circle or an oval. Now you'll see over here how it says it's feathered a 100 percent. You want to do that because you don't want to have this hard line of light to darkness. So just drag it out, move it around and then play with the exposure and tell us where you want it. Okay, now I'm going to add a little bit of light on the road. In the middle, kinda where this bikers don't want it to be too bright, but I just wanted to have a little bit of light there. All right. And that looks good. 8. Final Touches: All right, The last thing we're gonna do is we're going to fix a few things on a shark and then add some shadow and highlights. So first I want to get rid of this white thin. We're going to select until defend. And then we're going to press Command or Control J. To duplicate that part. We're going to move it over to cover the white one. And we're going to size it down till it's about the right size. And then we're going to right-click and we're going to warp it into the shape that we want. Right? The next thing we're gonna do is we're going to add a mask and we're going to fade out certain parts of it. So the edges aren't so crisp. Once we have that done, we're going to apply the layer mask. So right-click on the layer, Apply Layer Mask. And then we're going to merge the layers together. Okay? Now we're going to use the stamp tool to take away that line on the thin to make it look like it's part of the shark. So grab the stamp tool and we're going to click Option or Alt and pick an area of the shark that we want to copy. And then we're going to paint over that line to blend it in. With still to stamp tool. We're going to fade out this white area. So Alter option click on an area and then we're going to fade that down. And then we're gonna do that on this other white area as well. All right, That looks better. Now we're going to add some highlights on the top of the shark because those lines coming down on it, it's not super bright. So I'm just going to be a very dim highlight on the edges of the shark. So we're going to create a solid layer. So go to your Layers panel, go to the adjustment layers and solid. We're just going to choose white for right now. Let's delete the mask and then we're going to hide the color layer. Let's go to our main layer and we're going to select the shark, do a rough selection. Really, the only good part of this lecture you need is the top. That's the only part that we're really going to work with. So once you have the selection that you want, hit Command or Control J, we're going to duplicate that shark and now unhide your color layer. And then right-click on your color layer. And we're going to create a clipping mask. So this is basically going to only show the color on parts of the shark layer. So now we're going to add a mask to that color layer. Select our paint brush, black in front. And we're just going to mask out that whole part. And now flip the colors so y is in front. So we can start revealing part of that mask and make sure that you have a very soft brush. And then just paint on top of the shark. Don't have your brush touching the shark. You want the edge of the brush touching because we're just going to have a faded line on it. Go around the top. And then if you do too much, put black and the fun and then fix it so it's not as thick. Like the part by his face is way too thick, so we're going to thin that out. All right, and then we're going to change the blending mode to hard light and we're going to decrease the opacity. Now the last thing we're gonna do is we're going to add a very light shadow to the street underneath the sharpness away and a shadow on top of the subway. So we're gonna go to our layers panel. And we're going to do an exposure layer. Bring the exposure down, and then click on the mask and Command or Control I to invert it. Select your paint brush and make sure that your opacity is down on your brush. And then you have a soft edges. Bring white to the foreground. And we're just going to paint on top of the subway to make it look like the shark is casting a shadow. And then go to your Layers panel and decrease the opacity. And then on the same layer, we're also going to add the shadow on the bottom. So just go down to the bottom where the street is and lightly paint a shadow. Don't make it too big. You just want it right underneath. And very light because it's so far away from the street. It's not going to be as dark as the shadows underneath these trucks. And that's it. 9. Thank You: And that's the end of the course, guys. Thank you so much for taking my course. If you'd like the course, I would love it if you could go review it. I love hearing your feedback. Please feel free to post any questions you have in the discussion and I'll respond as soon as I can also post your project in the project section. I would love to see your photo manipulations. Thank you so much. Take care.