Basic Spanish (start speaking Today) | Flow Speeches | Skillshare

Basic Spanish (start speaking Today)

Flow Speeches, Freelancer

Basic Spanish (start speaking Today)

Flow Speeches, Freelancer

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18 Lessons (55m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Greetings

    • 3. Cultural Note

    • 4. Pronunciation Part 1

    • 5. Concept of An Infinitive

    • 6. -Ar Verbs

    • 7. Conjugations & Combinations

    • 8. New Words

    • 9. Make Negative Sentences

    • 10. Gender

    • 11. Indeifnite Articles

    • 12. Pronunciation Part 2

    • 13. Important Phrases

    • 14. Pronunciation Part 3

    • 15. -Er Verbs

    • 16. Langs Are Masculine

    • 17. He & She

    • 18. Subjects & Guessing

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About This Class

We're learning basic Spanish in this course. After taking this course you'll be able to talk about the present in Spanish. In future courses we'll learn how to talk about the past & future in Spanish

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Flow Speeches



Hi, my name is Andrew. I started Flow Speeches to help people learn foreign language. Basically, when I started learning foreign languages I knew nothing. Now I know slightly more than nothing. My goal here is to share with you the things I wish someone had just told me from the start.


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1. Introduction: all right. Hello. Hi there. Welcome to the course. This is, as you've already read, of course, about Spanish, and we're gonna get right into all of the delicious details of the Spanish language book. Before we do that. I do want to talk to you very quickly about a couple of things that you may think things that I have experienced, things that a lot of my students have experienced in learning a foreign language. And first of all, I just want to get all of that out of the way. That way, as you progress and progress and progress, you know, in your head that this is completely normal and more importantly, that it's temporary. So what is the first thing? Well, the first thing is that it doesn't matter how old you are. It doesn't matter if you're like talented or anything like that. You can learn a foreign language and you can learn it in a relatively short amount of time . I mean, given how large languages, it doesn't really come down to, like, some special gift or anything like that. And that's really all I have to say. I've heard my students say that I can do things like learn languages because I'm talented or because I'm smart and things like that. I honestly I'm not like a super gifted person. I would say I have a pretty average brain, and so if I can do it, you can do it. And there will be times. Whenever you're learning that you feel like you're not getting anywhere, you'll feel frustrated. You'll feel like you're just not making any progress running in place, things like that. It's completely normal. And as you get deeper and deeper into the language, we'll talk about different ways that you can break out of that if you will. So that's pretty much all I have to say in the next video. We're gonna be diving into exactly what we're gonna be learning and how we're going to go about doing that. So just remember, it doesn't matter how old you are, doesn't matter how talented you are. As long as you have a normal functioning human brain, normal quote unquote, then you will be able to do this successfully. So this has been Andrew and I will see you in the next video 2. Greetings: now welcome to your first Spanish lesson. We're gonna go ahead and dive right into it, and we're gonna look at some basic phrases, a lot of which you probably already know which is the good news. And there are some phrases in here that you're probably not going to know. Just remember, you can totally memorize them. And the best part about these phrases is that they're so common that you're gonna hear him all the time. So even if you don't have a good rope memory or what have you, it's gonna be really easy to memorize them because you're gonna hear them all the time, especially once you know them. You hear some people speak Spanish, you'll probably hear these phrases at the beginning and end of the conversation. So we'll go ahead and start off with LaSalle Ludo's, which is going to be greetings now, the 1st 1 you probably already know which is Ola. And that just means hello or hi. You'll hear it all the time and the 2nd 1 down beneath it you might not have seen before. And that is all you. Oh, yeah, means hey essentially, and it's an informal kind of high, just like an English. Hey is an informal high. You can use it to greet someone, or you can use it to get someone's attention. Like if someone dropped their wallet in English, I would say, Hey, you dropped your wallet and Spanish. You could do the same thing to say Oh, yeah, And then you dropped your wallet, which will learn how to say later. But anyway, so that's pretty much it. I will do a separate thing about pronunciations specifically dedicated to it. But for now, just noticed that we do not pronounce the h here. So this is just for decoration. So I don't say hola. I always say, Ola the ages for decoration and then the why right here that eager Biega is going to be for you. So it's pronounced like a yeah, just like in English. Au or yield, what have you Oh, yeah, right. And then we have less this beat us, which is good byes. And we have one word spelled two different ways and that is chow, which is a word you probably already know. And that just means by now I would say that this first spelling right here is the most common spelling, though you will see it sometimes spelled with a U. Both words mean the same thing. It just kind of depends on what country you're in, where you are at the end of the day. It's more or less pronounced the same way Chow. And then the second way to say goodbye here is adios, which also means goodbye. Now you may be wondering which one to use and which one to not use. In my experience, Jiao is the most common one, and it's the one that you're gonna hear all the time. It's kind of a casual bye. See you later type of thing, whereas adios is going to be more of a longer goodbye. So if someone was going on a trip, I would probably say adios instead of saying chow right, because they're going away for a longer period of time, it doesn't mean that I'll never see them again. It just means they're going away for a little while now. We do have a bonus round, which is a couple of extra phrases that you're going to hear all the time, or at least some of the time, the most common of which is at the top. I still a wiggle. That's that a wiggle you may already know means like See you soon See later. Talk to you soon. Things like that, Asta Paronto means more or less the same thing. And then ask Bellavista, which, if you've ever seen an Arnold Schwarzenegger movie, you know this means See you later, CIA soon. Whatever things like that now we have asked Antone's is which is a little different. It means until then, the word ask the in Spanish literally means until in the word indulgences means then. So if we set a date, for example to talk, let's say we're gonna talk on Saturday. Then I would say, OK, Aston Bones is meaning. Okay, see you then. See you want Saturday. And lastly, we have no spam ALS. Another very common phrase that I hear in my personal experience quite a bit. And it means CIA soon See later. OK, talk to you soon. Bye. A couple of things to be said about the pronunciation here, and like I said, don't worry too much about it. We're gonna go over it separately. But the first thing is the age once again is silent. So you just say, Ask that And then a couple of other things to be said here, the V in Spanish is actually pronounced like a B. I know that's weird, but it's pronounced like a B. So you would not say asked the love of Avista. You would not say that you was a Estella Baby Bista. So it's ask Bellavista and same thing right here knows. Bemis knows Bama's right, so that is going to be the long and short of it. Now, Culturally, we are going to talk a little bit about how you should and how you shouldn't say goodbye in a Spanish speaking country. If you're American, where you're British or from an English speaking country, the way that we do things is typically going to be a little different than how they do it in a Spanish speaking country. 3. Cultural Note: part of the problem that you're going to run into whenever you're in a Spanish speaking country is not knowing how to say hi or good bye with your body. And what I mean by that is it's very easy to learn how to say hi and bye, you know, with the language, just say the words and things like that. But as in most countries, we don't just greet people or say goodbye with our words. We also say goodbye with our bodies. In some countries, people hug and others that kiss and other countries. It's kind of a Nen VI Asian of people's privacy bubble, their little bubble of space around them. And what have you so in Spanish speaking countries? What do we dio? Do we do a fist bump? Do we do a high five? Well, first of all, the fist bump at this point in time, I think, is almost a universal concept. Same thing with the high five people do it everywhere, so that's good news, and I'll teach you how to say High five or give me a DAP later. But for now, whenever we greet people, whether it be formally informally, what do we do in these Spanish speaking countries? And I would give you a whole spiel about how this is what we do in Cuba or this is what they do in Colombia and so on and so forth. But frankly, it would be such a long, long conversation, and it wouldn't really be worth your time. The best recommendation that I can give to you is if you know that you're going to Colombia , go ahead and get in touch with some Colombians and just ask them what they dio or Google it . And most importantly, whenever you're actually in the country, make sure to observe, observe, observe, and then you'll know exactly what to do. Just ask yourself questions. Do they know each other? Do they not know each other? Is it a man and a man man and a woman or a woman and a woman? Those are going to be the main questions that you can ask yourself to kind of get a sense of how people say hello and goodbye in that particular culture. And then, you know, obviously the first week or so, it's gonna be a little rougher, a little rough around the edges. But after that, you're going to more or less know how you should be behaving and how you should address people and so on and so forth. So that's kind of my sweeping generalisation and kind of the best advice I can give you to adapt to any given country, because, frankly, in some countries they kiss on both cheeks. In other countries, they kiss you on one cheek and others they hug and others they don't. So it's better to just teach you to just observe people and do some research before you go , make sure to talk to the locals, and that's pretty much it. But if you do have any specific questions about a certain country, by all means, feel free to let me know. 4. Pronunciation Part 1: We just learned a bunch of new phrases, and part of that is going to be learning not just what they are and what they mean, but also how to say them correctly. And I'm gonna try to avoid going off on a whole tangent about pronunciation. But for now, I just want you to know that it's super important to be able to develop good habits early. It's much more difficult to break old habits later than it is to just develop new habits from the beginning, though it can seem quite the contrary sometimes. So with that being said, we're gonna look at the pronunciation of some of the words that we just saw, starting with Ola. We already know that the H is going to be silent in Spanish. We simply don't pronounce it. So you say, Oh, and in a lot now there's a couple of other things here. You can see that we have some vowels. We have the O and the A, and the cool thing about Spanish is that it's an extremely predictable language in terms of how you pronounce the words, all of the vowels, all of those different things for the most part on Lee have one pronunciation, so it's extremely predictable in English. The pronunciation of the word A can completely change, depending on the word. So it's the A in day or decade. But in other words, it's going to be completely different. Like, for example, sat in that case, it's more of a sound right in Spanish. It's just one pronunciation. So the oh, the O in Spanish, the whole is going to be kind of pronounced like the O and bone, but a little different. All right, you're going to try not to move your lips. So you're just say, 000 And you can remember to practice that whenever you're just kind of walking around your house. The A is pronounced like that, uh, in Father. So you would say, Oh ah oh la. And that's how you get that pronunciation, Ola. Just like that. Now the same thing here with the A and the oh, it's just ah, and then Oh, and you combine them to get oh, okay. And then with the C H, which is pronounced like an English like chip, for example, you would say cha Oh chow chow! And that's how you get that sound, then we kind of briefly discussed this before. The V is pronounced like a bee in Spanish. Now the other important thing is the I write. The eye has different pronunciations in English. Sometimes it's pronounced like the I in high and other times it's pronounced like it, for example, in hit or spit. It's a very short sound. The interesting thing here is that in Spanish it's pronounced like e all right, almost like in feet or C were reach. It's that same exact pronunciation in The beautiful Thing is it never changes. So you would say Ah, right, like in far Father. So you say Hasta la be Bista hasta la vista. And then here we have knows Bama's right. So it's Norse Bay most the E in Spanish is actually pronounced more like the I guess you would say that air in bed. So its nose, Bemis Bemis. Then lastly, we have Adios. I will say this and we're gonna talk about this in more detail later. But whenever you have an eye and an O next to each other, it creates almost like a y sound, so you wouldn't really say ay dios. You kind of combine them and say Addio dio Dios. Almost like the word a yo, if you will in English, and we're going to see this in a lot more words later on. But for now, focus on this. The ages silent pronounced this liken own bone this like it and father or awe and Father Ola and then lastly, pronounced the V like a B and the eyes pronounced like a e and feet. So it's asked Allah, Bista! Now, obviously, that's a lot of information, but as we learn more and more words, you're going to be seeing this so often it's gonna be completely natural. 5. Concept of An Infinitive: The next thing that we're going to talk about is something that can seem rather theoretical or even academic. But if you understand this concept, then you're going to be able to say a lot of different things in Spanish in a pretty short amount of time. So I know that this is going to seem very theoretical or academic, But please bear with me and trust me, it will bear fruit. Now we're gonna talk about what an infinitive verb is. As with most technical terms, it's a rather fancy word for a simple concept. An infinitive verb is just a verb that has no subject, right? So in this example sentence, I want to go. You can see that the word wants the verb has a subject, I but over here we have to go to go has no subject in this case. It's just attach to the word want, and so we can consider that on infinitive verb. Any time you hear someone say it's an infinitive verb, it just means that it has no subject. That's all it means. Want, on the other hand, has a subject, and so it would be considered a finite verb So you have infinitive and then you have finite and that's basically it. Another word that you'll hear people throw around quite a bit is the term conjugated verb or conjugation. Conjugation just means that it's changing, right? You change the verb. So an example of this would be I go, which is a finite verb because it has a subject. And then you have she goes you noticed that the verb transformed we added an e s. And so in this case, you could say that she goes would be considered an infinitive verb. The goes at least would be considered a conjugated verb, not an infinitive verb. I misspoke. Sorry about that. No, We go down here and you can see we have I want to go once again. I guess you could consider want a conjugated verb. We didn't really change anything. It's definitely a finite verb. But if we switched it to she wants to go, then once is a conjugated finite verb. And then we have Togo, which is, as we've already talked about before, un infinitive verb. So just to review an infinitive verb is a verb with no subject. A finite verb is a verb with the subject. If we conjugating a verb, that just means that we change it. Maybe we add an s. Maybe we Adam es and that is really all it means. 6. -Ar Verbs: So why is this talk of infinitive verbs useful? Well, in Spanish, they also have the concept of an infinitive verb. And they can be divided into three different categories. Essentially, and that is a are verbs e ar verbs and IR verbs. Right, So on a are verb is just an infinitive verb that ends in a are that's really all it is. So if you wanted to say to need for example in Spanish, you would say necesita necesita, you'll notice it ends in an a r. Same thing with the help you would just say. Are you that Are you that right? Same exact thing right here. Now, as in English and Spanish, we also congregate are verbs. The key difference here is that Spanish in Spanish. We always conjugated verb for every subject Ever write in English we only congregate the verb sometimes. So I would say, for example, I need they need we need you need You'll notice that the verb need never changes. But then if I say she needs, he needs it needs. Now I'm adding an s So I do congregate the verb but only sometimes in English only sometimes on the other hand in Spanish, you will always congregate the verb meaning you will always change the verb according to what the subject is. Right? So let's look at some examples. First, we need to know how to say a couple of subject pronouns in Spanish. The 1st 1 is going to be I, which is you. And the 2nd 1 is going to be you, which is too. Okay, your into. Now let's congregate the verbs in order to say I need in Spanish with a your missus It'll your necesito they your ah udot is I help. You'll notice that they both have the same exact ending. So to put it differently, we always make the same changes to the verb. We always make the same changes. So if it's for you, we add a no, that's it. Now, just to kind of give you an idea of what's happening. Take a look here You can see we have this verb. Necesito right has an a r We took off the a r and we added an O And now it means your necesito same thing without you die to take off the a r at the o yo Ah Udal! All right, now you're not gonna memorize this in one day, But as long as you understand the concept you're in good shape. Doesn't mean you have to know. It all just means you understand it. Now, what I would like you to do is very, very simple. Just kind of go over this concept, right? Try to say this yourself. Your necesito you're ah Udo. Now there's another infinitive verb that you probably already know. Which is Ah, blood. Ah, blood of means to speak. And you've probably heard it used in the sentence. You'll abu, right? For like I speak Spanish, I speak English. Most English speakers at least know that phrase, right? It's the same exact concept, my friend. It's just a a r verb. Let me go back here. It's ob la and then you conjugated. So you say your Abu practice saying this. And then once you've done that three or four times, go ahead and move on to the next video 7. Conjugations & Combinations: Now, my intention in this video is to kind of make you think a little bit, Not necessarily to blow your mind, but it might blow your mind. Who knows? Let me know. And make sure toe have a bag with you. If I do blow your mind now, what I want to do is just ask you the question. How do you say I need toe help in Spanish? How do you say Just think about it, right? I'll give you a second, maybe give you three seconds. Okay. Take your time. Okay. Hopefully you got it. The answer was to simply say, you necesito are you that your necesito are you there? Right? And that's it. That's all there really is to it because we have the word I need so help. And it's the same exact concept is what we learned before. Right toe help is the infinitive verb. And so in Spanish, the infinitive verb is Ah, you that or if it's, you know, necesito that that would be an infinitive verb. And then we just conjugated. So we just say I need toe help. And that's really all you need to know. You can apply this concept toe anything in Spanish Just like you can apply this concept to anything in English. So you can say I want to help. I don't want toe help. I forget to bring my clothes with me. It's the same concept and you're going to see it everywhere. Now let's apply this to something else, right? Let's say for example, to all right, the congregation for two is a little bit different. You'll notice instead of an O, we had an A s, right? So we would say do necesita us same thing with help too. Ah, you thus to necesita us, tow us when I seat us toe you with us. Okay, that's really all there is to it now you can combine this concept as well. So you could say to necesita us, Are you that to necesita us how you die? All right, you need to help. And then you could apply this to anything. If you know how to say to study, you could say you need to study and so on and so forth. Right? So we're just adding on. Remember, take your time with this. You is for O and then A s is for two. So you would say you'll necesito no necesito thus you are you though Who are you? This and that is all there is to it. 8. New Words: With these concepts in mind, you should actually be able to say quite a bit. You understand the concept of an a r verb, you understand? What an infinitive, Urbas? And most importantly, you know how to congregate those verbs and use a conjugated verb with an infinitive verb. So now I'm giving you a list of new words right here. Estudio are right here. Get my pointer. Make it look fancy estudiar which means to study Gambia which means to change and all Vidar , which means to forget. Now I will say one thing about the pronunciation before I tell you what I want you to do. If you remember the word Adios, right? Adios, Haddon. I and a No. And so we pronounce it almost like a deal. Dios. It's the same exact concept with this study are in Kambia. When you pronounce these words, remember that it's not a studio are it's going to be s to dia Dia de are this D A. R is almost like one sound and same thing right here. Come br. It's not going to be Camby are. It's going to come yet and that is pretty much it for a pronunciation here. Now, what I want you to say is very simple. I want you to say I study you study, I need to study. You need to study. And then after that, you can say I forget to study. You forget to help. I'm not asking you to say you forgot to help where I forgot to study. Obviously, those would be more natural and more common phrases. But these are technically correct sentences. And they do illustrate the concept very nicely of how you're going to be combining different verbs, right? You need to help. You need to study and so on and so forth. So go ahead and paused the video right now look at these phrases and then try to say each one of them in Spanish. I'm gonna give you a second to pause the video. Perfect. Hopefully you got it. Now, now that you've done that, what I want you to do is go down below and leave me a comment. Tell me, were you successful? Were you not successful? Did you have any trouble if you had trouble in difficulties? What did you have trouble with? Please feel free to leave a comment down below because chances are you weren't the only one that had problems. The chances that everyone did this, ah, 100% correctly. The first time is very rare. So go ahead and share what mistakes you made with the class. And I bet you'll be surprised to find that a lot of people had very similar problems, right, so that's pretty much it hope you found this to be useful. Now that we have this, we're going to start talking about some other kind of game changing or fundamental concepts for you. 9. Make Negative Sentences: If you know how to say something positively, make a statement. It also makes sense to know how to make a negation. Right. And this is so simple that I've honestly only dedicated one slide to it cause it's not that bad. Ah, in English. It's a little more complicated, to be honest with you to make a negative sentence, right? If you want to say, for example, I'm not sad, you would have to say not. But then you would say I don't help. So you have the word not. And then you have Do not. And you kind of combine them too. So you'd say, I don't help. I don't need to help. I'm not sad, Right? So it really depends on the kind of word that you're using. I can't write. You're using a different word. So you use a different contraction. Pretty complicated, right in Spanish. You just need to know one word. And that word is no, no, in Spanish is no eso. The word is pronounced No. Okay. You'll notice it's a little shorter than in English. A little shorter, A little rounder. She would say no. In English, we say no. And you can almost hear my lips moving to distort the sound. Not the case in Spanish. It's a very short, very almost monotone. I would say sound is just a single sound. No, no, Right. And all you do is add the word No, before the verb. And now it's negative. For example, you're no necesito ist. Oh, dear. I don't need to study. I don't need to study s So now you can pretend to be a real smart guy in another language. Just say that I don't need to study. Ah to no necesito us. Are you that do? No Al Vidas is to there. No, we'll be thus it stood. Yeah, I'm not even going to tell you the translation for the last two because you already know what they mean. So that is pretty much it. I hope you found that to be useful. It's ah, almost amazing. Right now you can more or less talk about the present in relatively basic way. And so now we're going to start looking at different things we can add on to our sentences so we can kind of elaborate in the present 10. Gender: whenever we're speaking a foreign language. Obviously we're going to be using a lot of words, but we're not just going to be using verbs or subject pronouns or other fancy words. We also like to use announce. And this is probably one of the only things I remember from learning grammar in school, which is like what a noun is, right. It's a person, a place, a thing, an idea, a concept. So a car is a noun, a boat miss a noun. Coffee is a noun. Curtain isn't out. Everything's now right. So, um, in order to really be able to use, announce correctly and later on adjectives, you need to understand a concept in Spanish. And that is the concept of masculinity and femininity, which we're going to get into here shortly and also the idea of article. So there are two main types of articles in Spanish. The definite article in the indefinite article would is a definite article well, in English. It's just the word the that's all you really need to know. It's the word, the right, and the difference here is that in Spanish they have four different words for the sounds. Crazy but I promise it's not that bad. Like I said, we use the word in English a lot, and in Spanish we use the word a lot, so it's gonna be easy to remember. We have L nearly a lot. They'll lock right, though in the so the question presents itself. When do we use ales and when we use a lot And that is where masculinity and femininity comes in, basically now is conveyed. Divided into two different categories, the noun is either masculine or it is feminine, and in terms of deciding whether a noun is masculine or feminine, Um, honestly, you can just look at the ending most of the time there are other things that you can look at, but for the most part you can just look at the ending of the word. For example, the word No Che is going to be feminine in Spanish, but the word dia is going to be masculine. There's no real rhyme or reason as to why this is It just is and sorry. But the good news is that most of the time you can just look at the ending of the word In this ending will tell you if the word is masculine or feminine. So most words that end in an O are going to be masculine. And most words that end in a are going to be feminine So you can see we have a word here for book ends in an O. It's masculine. We have a word for a novel right here ends in an A and so it's feminine. It's just that easy. Now. We use the word A with masculine words, and we use the word LA with feminine words. So if I want to say the book in Spanish, the word book is masculine and so I have to use a And so I would say l liberal l liberal. Remember, The eye here is pronounced like a e sound. So you would say a liberal same thing with the pen right? Ends in a no. So I would use a Lil El Bulli Graffeo. They'll polygraph or lastly, we have LA. We use this with words that are feminine. Ah, lot of feminine words end in a until we would use law to isela know Bella la know Bella. Same thing with the pen here. Lap Loma Philip Loma. Now you notice we have two different words for pen right here. And you may be wondering which one to use. Honestly, you're going to hear both of them. I would say this one. Ah, Bollegraf was more common in Spain, Mexico and problemas common in a lot of Latin American countries. Um, the funny part about Puma is like this actually refers to a kind of older style of pen. You know, when people used to write with feathers or quills. This is actually what this refers to. But most Latin Americans don't know that. And so they just use this word when really they're talking about like like a physical plastic pen, typically. But either way, that is the concept of grammatical gender. A liberal Landau, Bella, a polygraph or a puma. 11. Indeifnite Articles: Not only do we have definite articles, but we also have indefinite articles. And once again, we're dealing with a lot of fancy terms for simple concepts. Here on indefinite article is just the word A were an in English. So, for example, an apple or a hero Ah, car An ultimatum were annul. Tomate Um right. So in Spanish, we have two different words for this We have moon and we have UNA And as you can imagine, they're both use depending on whether it's a masculine noun or a feminine noun. And it's the same exact concept we use Boon for masculine, una for feminine. And the good news is that the feminine words una in la both end in a So it's easy to remember that there associate it with the feminine, just like most feminine noun Zenon a most masculine noun And and oh, now we have some words here to have a moon titolo, right? So titolo ends in an o. And so I would say, June don t throw right, cause it's masculine own capital o a chapter right ended in Oh, it's masculine. Lastly, we have the feminine words una Berahino una Facchina a page on a tapa. A cover now, a couple of things to be said here about the accents because I know that we're seeing a lot of them. First of all, the accent just tells you where the stresses okay in the sentence, you'll notice. I'm not saying titolo, right. I say titolo and never say titolo. And I always say capital Oh, I never say Capital O toys Capital. So the accent above the letter just tells you where to put your stress. Just like we always say, Manager. And we never say Minaj er we always say pencil. We never say pencil right? So we always put the stress in different places in English, in Spanish. The good news is that most of the time the stress is going to be on the second toe last syllable or the penultimate syllable, for example, Tapa, you'll notice the second to last syllable is, and so that's where the stresses. I never said Papa, I always say coppa, Same thing If we go back here to the novel right here, the second to last syllable is the VE. And so I would say, No, Bella, I would I would never say no. Bella always said No Bella Something. AARP Lu Ma, Plumer Lee Pro liberal. But whenever the stress is not on the second to last syllable, we typically add an accent. So it's legal awful. Same thing right here. T throw capital O Facchina. And this is just to tell you that the stress is not on the second to last syllable. And that's really ah, the basic concept and all you really need toe. Remember, Teoh pronounce the stress correctly or to put the stress in the right place. But that is not the key. Take away here. The key take away, my dear friend, is masculine and feminine. L Orla moon or on a And as a side note, tapa isn't just the cover of a book. It can also be used to mean like the lid on a container, just so you can have another word to use in your tool belt. 12. Pronunciation Part 2: I know I kind of went off on pronunciation in the previous section, but I feel it is worth repeating. So we'll talk briefly about pronunciation, specifically stress in Spanish and one other key thing. Now remember what I said before Whenever you have syllables, right? A syllable, if you don't remember from school, is just a collection of letters. Essentially. And the way that I learned to count syllables in school was simply toe clap. So if you had a word like manager, you would say Maia, no juror like that and you can hear that there's three different syllables in that word. So whenever I say the second to last syllable or the penultimate syllable, what I mean is this one right here? Ve So it's no there so that there is the second to last syllable and that is where we typically put the stress in Spanish. So you would say no. Bella, right? No, Bella, Same thing here. The second to last syllable is ta, and it also is the first It was a top. Any time in Spanish that they do not put the stress on the second to last syllable. They will tell you by putting an accent above the word. So any time that you look up the word in a dictionary, you're going to know if the stresses on the second to last syllable or if they decided to put it somewhere else. As is the case with Facchina and Capital, right? You can see that they don't put the stress on the second to last syllable, and so they give you a little accent to tell you. Hey, this is where the stresses right here. But with liberal, it's just a normal word. And so you would just say, Lee Bro, liberal just like that. The other thing to point out here is you'll notice that the G is not pronounced like a joke . It's not pronounced pagina right and say we pronounce it Berahino. Basically, the rule is is that if a G is next to me, were in I. For all intents and purposes, it's pronounced like an English H. So it's a pa, he he no Bettina. In some parts of Spain, for example, you hear this pronounced more strongly like a Facchina. You'll notice it's kind of more like a sound, so it's Facchina. But in most parts of Latin America and even in Spain, whenever there speaking more quickly, a lot of times you'll hear it pronounced almost like an English AIDS. Just Facchina. Okay, so just another key thing to remember. But those air some basic pronunciation chips remember most of the time is the penalty, Miss Syllable. 13. Important Phrases: welcome toe part to honestly, you've learned quite a bit and I'm sure your head's hurting. So I hope you took a break. Kind of reviewed everything that you learned. Remember, The intention here isn't to just swallow everything as quickly as you can. I mean, of course, you do want to do this efficiently and try to go in a pretty good pace. But at the end of the day, I would rather you learn five things and remember five things, then learned 10 things. And remember to so remember to make sure that you've assimilated the concepts you're able to actually use them and say the words, OK, that's another key thing is to actually say the words and actually speak the words because you're using a different part of your brain when you speak. Then when you listen. So with that being said, we're going to dive into the second part and kind of explore some new concepts. That way you can say even more cool stuff. Now, first we'll start off with some more phrases. In this case, we're gonna be talking about Felicia Gattis, which is congratulations and very few Cascione or confirmation verification. Now for a fairly see that This you have a number of different things that you could say you could say in order buena which means congratulations. So then you have Philly See Dallas, which is congratulations again. And then we have Gibby in Gibby in which means that's great. That's good. So if someone says, you know, I just got a promotion, you could say, OK, a bee in, You know, that's great. Or Felicia that issue No congratulations. And then for verification. You could also say, in stereo in Sadio, which means seriously or really and then another way to say that is David of that they bear that now. An interesting thing to know about David Edad is that the emphasis is going to be on the dad right here that dot right here, and that's because it ends in a d. I know. I told you that if the word is going to be a normal Spanish word without an accent on it, the stresses on the penultimate syllable so in this case would be in order Buena right. But if it ends in a d a. D. Than the stress is on this last syllable, right here. So that's a small thing. Now, in terms of the differences between in order buena in Philly. See Dallas. Ah, there's really not that much of a difference. You can pretty much use these interchangeably. So if someone said I just bought a new car, you could say Philly. See that this And if you someone just had a new kid, you could say in order Buena. But honestly, most of the time I hear Philly. See, that s that's probably ah, the more common one that I hear. And then, of course, Gaby in which is very common one as well in Syria and David Edad are very interchangeable. But out of the two I hear in stereo ah, lot more often. Okay, Now we will talk about how to pronounce these words in a couple of new concepts that you may have already picked up on 14. Pronunciation Part 3: So for pronouncing these new words right here, we can kind of use it as an opportunity to go over some new concepts as well as a couple of things that may seem weird to you. So first of all the U. E. In this case, right? So in order Buena You may have noticed that I didn't say like in Nora buena or something like that. But the U and the E Whenever they're together, they're basically pronounces away, like almost like a w like, where are they or when did they go? So it's in order. Boy boy Buena Similar to what we learned before with hostile away. Well, writes Louis Wegel passed away Whoa! And then the other interesting part right here is the K right here that K So whenever you say you e with a Q right here. So Q u e it's just pronounces k. So Fabian All right, give me in. And lastly for the pronunciation Here we have another yes sound right here. So we have the I in the E right here. And so whenever the eye is next to another vow, it makes like a a y sound essentially so you would take a bitte bitte being similar to what we learned with in Syria. Right in said you. So it's just this. Why sound right here? Because it's next to a vow, just like when we learn Estudio Camby are all of those different words right there. Whenever we use those words, right, we haven't I in an a esto de odd and so we pronounce the eye as if it were why. Okay, so feel free. Practice these take your time. And once you kind of internalized them, I'm sure you're going to hear them all the time. 15. -Er Verbs: in the last part, we actually talked about how essentially we have different categories of infinitive verbs, and we saw the A R verb that is a verb that ends in a are. And now we'll talk about the second of the three categories that e er verbs. And as you can probably imagine, your verbs are just herbs that end and, er that's really all there is to it. So an infinitive verb verb with no subject we have up in there, which means to learn opera in there right there. And then we have layer, which means to read. The only difference here is that the end in a are another important thing to know is that you'll notice that we have to ease right here. But these these are each a part of a separate syllable. So it's a lay air layer are praying there, layer up in there just like that, so you can just put a little pause. There lay air, and that means to read. Now, the way that we congregate them is actually very similar to the way that we congregate. A are verbs. So, for example, if we have our subject pronouns right your eye into you. Then we can say you are Brendle and your layer right? And that just means I learn. I read. Okay, so then we have this little change like we had with a arberg. So it's happening there and then we just take off the e r and r. No Brendle layer Leo. Just like that. Similar to our bladders to speak your Abu And then, for example, combi out is to change your gamble. I change just like that. So now I want you to actually try this out with a couple of new words. Not to worry. These words are not that hard to remember. Ah, it's just the names of different languages. So we have Francis Inglis Couple nous Porto guess Espanol. Okay, so that's French, English, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish Francis Inglis helpfulness for two guests Espanol. That's all there is now. I just want you to use these different words in different sentences that you technically know how to say so. I study Japanese. You learn Portuguese, you speak Spanish. I don't speak French. You don't need to learn English. I don't read. That's not a typo. Adjustments say I don't read That's it. I read a book. You don't read the chapter. I forget to read the title. Now, a little hint here for these negative sentences. I don't You don't. Just remember, we put the word No before the verb. That's all you need to know. So if I wanted to say I don't forget, I was a no libido. That's all I would do. Know will be your no will be, though, right? So go ahead and pause the video right now. Try this out. And then once you finish, go ahead. Unpoliced the video and I'll tell you how to say them. Okay, Hopefully you got that. So I will kind of walk you through them right now You're this studio couple nous your studio Happel nous because it's two d r is to study. So U s studio is I studied. You're still your helpfulness. Do you? A friend this poor to guess toe a plane. This poor to guests. So I didn't actually teach you how to congregate e ar verbs into you, right? I didn't really show you how to do that. And it's actually quite simple. You remember how we would say a cobbler And then we would say to a bless. So we just add the S. It's the same exact concept with er verbs. So I would say to a friend this do layers. So we just add the S. And I didn't include that. So that way you could try toe kind of guess. And sometimes I'm gonna just let you guess what it is. Now back to the subject here. Ah, you speak Spanish Tool Abilass Espanyol. I don't speak French. No, you're no Ablow, Francis. You don't need to learn English to no necesito pass up rain there, Inglis, your nose were using the infinitive operating their toe Learn, right? Ah, you know, Leo, I don't read your Leo Moon liberal. I read a book toe No lace l capital. So you don't read the chapter, you albedo layer deltito I forget to read the title and that is really all there is to it. So make sure to go over this. Try to experiment with some of the other words. You know, like tapa, for example, or Facchina or puma or bullied Raffo and all of those different words And then you can move on to the next video 16. Langs Are Masculine: this one's going to be a short one, for sure, but definitely one that I feel is worth mentioning. In the previous video, we learned a couple of new words, actually different languages, right? Frances Inglis happen export guests Espanyol. And so those different words are technically noun is right. They are noun. So you could say French is an interesting language, and that would be announced in that case. And I just taught you that pronouns. If it ends in an O, it's masculine, and if it ends in it A. It's feminine. But as you can see, not a single one of these now owns actually end in an O or in a So what does this mean? Well, it means that first of all, not every word in the Spanish language ends in an Owen in a some of them end in a D or an s or an l. You know, it depends. So what does this mean for us? How do we know if it's masculine or feminine? Well, in this case, it's rather simple. Languages are masculine, that's all you really need to know. So if you want to say, for example, Korean, Korean is masculine. Or if you want to say, what's another language? I'm at Tagalog, for example. That would be masculine, So languages, as now owns in the Spanish language are actually masculine. 17. He & She: we'll continue on and expand on what we've already learned about subject pronouns. Now, before we learned how to say I which is you're I was hoping you would say it and then you, which is do that's exactly right. Now we'll look at he and she which is a and then a right ale is for he a is for she and then it's you may be wondering how to say it. Well, the interesting thing is, we actually don't translate that in Spanish, and I'm gonna expand on that in more detail later. There are some situations where you could translate it. We'll talk about those, but as a subject, we don't really translate the word it. So we would never say freezing. It is very interesting. That doesn't really happen a lot in Spanish. But l is for he a s for she. That is the main concept. Now, how do we use this with verbs? How do we conjugated verbs with he and she? And it's actually quite straightforward. This is how we do it. So we have your operation Does I learned do upbringing this which is you learn. And now he and she ill Apprendi Ahah up in India. So it's he learns and she learns. So very similar congregations here we have. Oh, and we have, Yes. And then we just have e right here. And that is because it isn't your verb. If this were on a r ver, it would be a little different, right? So in this case, you can see I have a blood which means to speak. We have your Ablow to have less L. Abla A. Abla. So it's the same pattern, but it has a different ending. A are verb e r ver. But that is the basic concept we have. Your Prindle toe apprentice L. Apprendi a Apprendi, your Ablow to Atlas Alaba a Abla. And that is it right there. That is all there is to it. So you can experiment with this. If you'd like to try out some different verb congregations, try using he and she instead of you and I and see how that goes for you. But everything that we've learned about combining them with infinitives and things like that. All of those things still apply 18. Subjects & Guessing: No, I would like to expand your vocabulary ever so slightly and introduce you to the concept of guessing. I mean, it's not a new concept, obviously, but it is a good one to know for sure when you're speaking in a language that has some similarities with Spanish, Um, thanks to the romance languages influence on the English language. So with that being said, we're gonna talk about how we can say different subjects in English or Spanish or both. If you want. Now, the first you can see here We have four different words. And I did not put a translation here because honestly, you don't need it just because they're so similar. You can kind of guess what they mean, Right? So the 1st 1 here is like Emeka la Gi Mika, and that means chemistry. And that's probably the hardest one to guess. But this one right here is a little more obvious. Laffey Zika, right, Laffey Zika And it means physics. And then, lastly, we have a lot of ciccolo here, La Ciccolo here and LA Bureau here Labriola here, and those are the different subject. Psychology, biology, physics and chemistry. Probably the most beautiful part about this is that it makes it very easy to guess what something is going to be as long as it ends in something like this. Like anatomy, anthropology, physiology. You can kind of guess what it means. And that's exactly what I want you to do. Right now. Go ahead and pause the video and just guess what. These words are in Spanish. Go and pause. I'll wait a second. All right. So hopefully you got it. And I bet you were spot on. We have a natto mia entre polo here. And then this your face, your Lohia. Excuse me. So anatomy, anthropology and physiology right there. So it's pretty easy to guess what a subject is going to be in Spanish, even if you're not really sure what it is because you've never looked it up in the dictionary. But for example Ah, linguistics is going to be linguistic A right. But there are others that are a little less predictable, Like botany is book Danica Which botanical gardens, you know, kind of easy to remember, but not that easy to guess. So for the most part, if you're not sure what a word like this is going to be, for example, about a subject, Then you can definitely take a swing at it. Obviously, if you get it wrong, make sure to consult your dictionary afterwards and make sure to know the exact right word . But for now, this is definitely a quick way to expand your vocabulary. And once again, all of these words are indeed feminine. Now what I want you to do is try out all of these different words with some of the new things that you know how to say so. For example, I study chemistry. He doesn't learn psychology. You do not speak Portuguese, she learns physics. I understand anatomy. Now there's one word in here that you obviously don't know which is understand, but it's actually competent. Did. That is one word for understand. Now you'll notice it's an E r verb. So all you need to know is the verb and the infinitive or form, and then you can congregate it rather easily. So go ahead and try this out. Once you have tried this out, please, do you leave me a comment. If you have any questions about what you did here and make sure to share your results with everybody. Tell them what you had trouble with and what you didn't have trouble with, and I'm sure they will be willing to help you out. So far, I've seen a lot of really cool communities with cool people. And so people are very willing to help you out if you have any questions or if you make any mistakes and I'm sure someone else made a similar mistake. So that is pretty much it. Hope you found this to be useful.