BUSINESS ENGLISH: The complete guide to giving a presentation in English | Gaia Massara | Skillshare

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BUSINESS ENGLISH: The complete guide to giving a presentation in English

teacher avatar Gaia Massara, English Teacher | Cambridge | TEFL

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

16 Lessons (1h 9m)
    • 1. Introduction Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation in English

      5:25
    • 2. Mistake 1 Don't think about your English Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation in En

      5:14
    • 3. Mistake 2 Don't forget to link information Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      5:10
    • 4. Mistake 3 Don't speak without pausing Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      3:53
    • 5. Mistake 4 Don't raise your voice Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      4:50
    • 6. How to use the right intonation when giving a presentation

      7:57
    • 7. How to introduce your presentation Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      4:48
    • 8. How to give an overview of your presentation Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      3:55
    • 9. How to talk about the main points Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      3:25
    • 10. How to speak abot graphs and images Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      2:58
    • 11. How to give a mid presentation summary Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      4:20
    • 12. How to correctly transition between slides Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      2:27
    • 13. How to give a summary Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      3:08
    • 14. How to talk about questions Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      3:18
    • 15. If you can't answer a question Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation

      6:38
    • 16. Conclusion

      1:40
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About This Class

Hey everyone!

In this class I you will learn all about giving a presentation in English! 

I have been teaching this topic for a while now and realised that the majority of students tend to make the same repeated mistakes when having to present in English. 

Mistakes regarding structure, vocabulary and most importantly in my opinion Intonation, so that's why I put together this class which is a simple and practical step by step guide to mastering a presentation in English. 

This class will take you from A to Z in English presenting and you will learn: 

  • How to correctly Structure an English Presentation
  • How to use accurate and targeted vocabulary¬†
  • How to use colloquial and natural expressions
  • How to evoke the right feeling from your audience
  • How to use perfect intonation so that your message makes an impact¬†
  • How to engage your audience so they really listen to you¬†
  • How to communicate your ideas effectively and easily¬†

This class is perfect for anyone who:

  • Works in IT and needs to give weekly performance presentations¬†
  • Is a team leader and needs to give presentations to their team
  • Is unsure how to structure a presentation in English
  • Doesn't know the right expressions and vocabulary to use when giving a presentation
  • Anyone who feels scared and nervous about giving a presentation in English¬†

Enjoy the class everyone!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Gaia Massara

English Teacher | Cambridge | TEFL

Teacher

 

Hello I'm Gaia,

I'm an English teacher from Australia but now i live in Italy with my beautiful daughter and husband. My journey with English began with my learning Italian, where i discovered that speaking a new language is one of the most personal eye opening experiences one could encounter. 

My husband and i opened an English Language school in 2015 however with the birth of our baby girl i moved all my teaching directly online, which now brings me close to 7 years teaching English.

As well as being passionate about teaching i love writing, studying personal development and behavioural phycology as well as practicing meditation. 

I incorporate my expertise and qualifications (Cambridge certified, TEFL certified) with my ... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation in English: Hello, everyone. Welcome to this skill share class. For those of you who don't know me, my name is Guy. I am an English teacher and I teach English here over on skill share. Now, in this class, I am going to be teaching you all about how to master giving a presentation in English. Each is one of those daunting, scary, uncomfortable experiences when you have to give a presentation in English, whether it be a business presentation, a presentation in your English class or even in a particular training course you are taking maybe living in Australia. However, in this class I am teaching you a very practical strategical structure to preparing and giving your presentations in English that take away the stress, the doubt and the anxiety. So in this class, you are going to be learning like I said, a very straightforward structure that breaks down your English presentation. Kind of like how we break down an essay. We're going to learn how to given introduction an overview state, the main points off the presentation. Talk about results and conclusion summarize. Close your presentation and of course, how to ask. All receive questions. Now you're going toe obviously learnt the structure on. More importantly, you're going to learn the important vocabulary Andi expressions we use in each off these sections. So you're understanding how Teoh interchange naturally between your introduction and your closing paragraphs, for example, how to naturally introduce information, analyze information. So aw, that what you sound feels comfortable to the person listening to you, which is really important because you want them to know, have to put an effort in following what you have to say. And I know that you're here because you're in E S L erna and you think all of that depends on your English level. And of course, that makes a difference. But all of that also depends in your skills and abilities in giving a presentation. And that's something that we need to learn whether we are English learners or native speakers. And that's also what I'm going to teach you in this class. We are also going to be talking about intonation, pronunciation, how to express your voice and how that makes a difference not only in the way your audience listens to you, but also in the feeling that you give your audience in the way that you convey your message and those of you who are watching who work in the business sector, maybe in advertising in marketing, inhe char. You know how important it is to convey the right feeling to give important to each word and understand that each word, each sentence and each phrase has a very big impact on the listener. And it creates a lot of emotions, which makes us interpret message and meaning in a particular way. And you are responsible for that interpretation giving a presentation and it does go beyond the vocabulary you low and how you actually present yourself and deliver water needs. You have to say, and I'm going to be teaching you better in this class. You got lots going on in this class. It's fantastic. By the end of it, I am very certain that you are not only going to be able to write your presentation using the appropriate vocabulary and structure, but also give and execute the presentation in a very interesting and engaging way. So I'm very excited for you to be here. I know that you're going to love the class, so we are going to jump straight in now and start having a look at the lessons. I just want to remind you that accompanying this video as well as the other video lessons, there is also the PDF slides with all of the lesson nerves, with the breakdown off your presentation that you can go ahead and access in the attached resource is below. So go ahead and do that. I would suggest just going straight through the videos like you're doing now and after. While you're studying to go through those slides, make up your notes, revised the vocabulary, etcetera, Let's get started. 2. Mistake 1 Don't think about your English Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation in En: Okay, so let's move on and talk about the most common mistakes to avoid when giving a presentation in English. Now, the very first mistake that I want to you tow. Avoid these, Dorit. Think about your English. Or is it you who were here? And you've been following me on skill shift for a while. You should have. And you probably would have participated in my class about speak better English of the Four Mindset. If you haven't to go ahead and check it out. But it is Ah, class. That is very similar to this point that I'm talking to that. It's about not thinking about your English when you are communicating. When you're giving a presentation, what is the purpose off your presentation? What is the purpose of your standing up in front of a group off? People Think about it and tell me if the answer or you can't tell me. But tell yourself if the answer comes to your mind, that is to prove that I can speak English, too. Sure, my whole stuff that I am just the best that using the present perfect. For example, that's not normally the reason why you're giving a presentation. The reason why you are giving a presentation in English is because your boss asked you to or because you want to communicate something. You want to share your results from a particular experiment or research. You want to strengthen the team. You want to find a solution to a problem. In essence, the foundation. Your reason why you are giving a presentation in English is to communicate a message and an idea. And in that there is absolutely nothing to do with you showing people you can speak English fantastically. Which brings me to my point when you are giving thes presentations in English a dart Want you to be thinking about your English and your sentence formation, and oh, now it's a great place to throw in an idiom and use a conditional sentence if you do that. And if that's your main focus, when giving your presentation, you will not be giving energy and focus to your audience to feeling them when you're talking on the sensor, understanding if they're getting bored. If someone has no understood what you've said, if they really engaging in what you're saying, so you know to keep speaking about a particular topic when you are presenting, and it doesn't matter in what language you were doing it, because it's communication when you want presenting the are only for Cassie. Mind that you should have is the people that are watching you, the person that is listening to you. Your goal is to connect with them regardless. If you are in a true speaker or seen one, speak up. And that's why we see so many examples. And I firsthand see sore many examples off people of students who I'm not the best at English. To be honest, be one range, maybe almost to be true. It could make lots of grammar mistakes, lots of vocabulary mistakes. But they have the ability to really engage with the person they're speaking with, have a fantastic, captivating conversation just because they are aware and they have focusing the energy on the person they're speaking to. So their goal in mind is to communicate effectively, not demonstrate how good they are in English, not demonstrate to themselves or to the people listening to them that they can use complex sentences. So when you are giving your presentation in whatever context to these even if it's an English class with May. Don't think about your English. Think about your English when you are preparing for your presentation. Okay, But once that's done and you're on the stage where you're in front of the person it is you need to present to everything you could have done to improve your English. It's being done. There is no more improvement you can make there in that moment. So in that moment to speak about the person it is you're speaking to and think, how best can I transmit this information? Truth them, considering how they're listening, their body language, the type of person I know them to be. So that is the first mistake that I would like you to avoid in order to master giving your presentation in English. 3. Mistake 2 Don't forget to link information Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: next mistake is dawned. Forget to link your ideas, your concepts, your research findings. The main mistake. Really, That I see in my presentation I see fantastic, fantastic students that use great vocabulary that aren't making mistakes. But their presentation is heavy and boring and difficult to follow because it just feels like dot points presentation. It doesn't have to be. It has to be formal. I understand depending on the context, but it doesn't need to be dry. It doesn't need to be like, just like this happened. That happened. That happened. Finished. It is difficult for us to follow this information. And after a while ah, mind starts to tune out. You need to link your information just like you would in an essay. But just like you would if you're speaking socially in English. So if you are, for example, presenting slides, you gotta slide show presentation and the first slide you're analyzing a graph. And on the second slide you are analyzing a pie chart. It wouldn't be the best student. Give a presentation. When you say on the graph, we can see the numbers decreased on the pie chart. We can see the numbers increase okay, Like maybe once in the context of what we're speaking about, we could say a sentence like this, but it's not ideal. You need to link these ideas linking by comparing or just using simple words. Life. Okay, now we are going to look at this. Next. Let's analyze thesis. Firstly, secondly, Lost Lee. There's vocabulary we're going to be looking at in the later parts off this class. But the main thing that I want you to take away from this mistake tow avoid is just don't doc, point your information every time you say something new in your presentation. Every time you explain an idea in a different way, always link back and transition. So you are giving the person listening to you heads up that you were about to say something different. Heads up, that you're about to to move on to a new idea so that their brain activates and says, Okay, now she's going to tell me these now she's going to tell me that e you have to think of yourself not just as a presenter but also as a as a tour guide as a presentation guide, because what can happen is When a person is listening to your presentation, they start to have lots of questions and they may say, OK, that's great. But what about Greece? Oh, she didn't talk about these Ah wonder if she's going to cover that. And if and when they're having those questions in there, mind the result. Is there no longer listening to you instead of listening to the thinking about things you should have said? And this isn't good, because this decreases the level of in Cage mint, and it means that you're not really gonna get through to your audience to the people that are listening, Teoh, in order to avoid this, anticipate maybe the doubts that they may have by being there to guide by if you say something. And you know that on this particular topic, there is a lot more information on what you've said is quite broad and that you're going to re explain it or further explain it later on in the presentation, Tell them, say, give your general statement like what I did at the beginning off the lesson. Give your general statement about, you know, linking worth like what I said that all you know linking words are really important. You really need to use them and then let them know that may be in slide. Five. You're going to be speaking about them in more detail and leak this and transition These. So in the moment when you give your broad information and their questions start Oh, no, she hasn't given me enough information. How do I know these? You put them at ease and say, OK, but you know, lay to run in the presentation. We will be going through that in detail. Oh, okay. I don't need to think about it. She's told me that that's information she will give me on. We're going to learn about late up. So this really is just so important because it's cut it. This is a strategy in order to maintain that high level of engagement and in order to give a very easy presentation. Okay, so just remember, always leave your information dark dot point transition and be a presentation tour guide. Sir, people don't have to guess or question what it is you're going to say next 4. Mistake 3 Don't speak without pausing Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: darling, speak without pausing. This is the next mistake that I want you to avoid. I want you from now. Want to start listening to the way that I am presenting this class to the way I am using my voice And when it is that I'm raising, dropping and pausing my voice and then no back onto yourself and think, How does that make me feel? What's the effect this is having within May? It's very, very important. And you can use this whole experience of taking this class as an exercise to know or only obviously learn how to give a presentation in English. But how I use my voice in terms of intonation and pausing in order to create certain feeling and understanding for you guys. So definitely start doing this now. Not pausing when you are giving a presentation in English is something that is extremely common. Four yourself speakers because there is the idea and the may think that if you speak super , super, super fast and you don't take any pauses and you just keep reproducing, reproducing information, you sound fluent, which means you sound native like a mother tongue speaker and hey, that's fantastic because that is our goal. If you speak without pausing, you do not sound fluent and it do not sound. Mother tug. In fact, when we are presenting particularly and we're mother tongue speakers, we speak slowly. We take pauses. We use the same punctuation we use when we are writing. But obviously when we're speaking so we take pauses for commerce. We take pauses for full stops. We take pauses to over emphasize our words Like what you can see. I just did. Now listen to this sentence. We take pauses to over emphasize our words. Did you notice how I took a pause just before I said or the emphasize? Because I want to do to understand Stop. This word is really important. This concept is important and we use pausing as a way to highlight You know when you're highlighting your underlining in a word document, we do the same things in speaking English through pausing through increasing our voice through dropping our voice. So please, when you are giving your presentation in English, forget about this A myth that speaking superfast without taking pauses makes you sound fluent. It doesn't take your pauses naturally as you ward. Maybe when you need a breath when you think you've come to the end of an idea, leave space for that pause because not only does it help you, you're speaking to catch your breath, to refocus your mind, to just just understand away you're at it helps your listeners because it gives them a second to digest what you've just said. Presentations can be very short, like they could be really long, and if you just hammer them with nonstop information, they can get a bit lost. So relax. It's not going to be awkward. If you just take a minute to breathe and to pause, it will make you feel very relaxed, appear very confident, and it will really help the people listening to you to digest and to better understand the information. 5. Mistake 4 Don't raise your voice Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: and the last mistake that I want to talk to that ease. Don't raise your voice to add emphasis. How many of you when you are speaking, start to speak like this because faking that this gives more important to what you're saying now. I understand that this is also a cultural and language thing, because in some cultures and in some languages, it's actually normal to have to raise your voice. You may speak at a higher frequency compared to other languages, and it can be used to add emphasis. However, in the English language, raising your voice and I don't mean raising in the sense of making your voice louder. I mean, raising the peach, going from a to e really high pitch. This is what I mean by raising in English is not positive. When we raise our voice in English, it's it's when we ask a question. So at the end of a sentence for my asking a question when we're starting a sentence, kind of in some ways, but more importantly for you giving a presentation, it's when we are expressing doubt when we're unsure about what we're saying when we're telling a lie when We don't believe what we're saying. We raise our voice now just by saying that already you should be putting a big cross next to raising your voice because the whole idea of you're giving a presentation. I am sure, especially if it's in a business context, is to may be sell something to negotiate on something to convince somebody off something. And if you're raising your voice, you are transmitting a feeling off. I am not 100% sure I get what she's saying. But why is she raising her voice? Makes me feel like she's not sure of herself. No, you do not want to do this again. I've seen fantastic presentations. Everything is perfect, except for the fact that they speak really, really high. And it it just it really ruins your presentation because it does has an extremely negative effect that you can't control in the person listening to you. So please, please, please do not raise your voice. Race the picture of your voice because it does transmit doubt and uncertainty instead in English when we speak, when we when we want to transmit a feeling off confidence off stability off calmness in the person listening to us. We have very solid voice, a powerful voice, a not a loud, projected voice, but a deep, rounded voice. And this transmit a feeling off confidence off. Okay, I am sure she knows what she's speaking about. I believe her. Okay, that's that's what you want. You don't want resistance from the person you're speaking to. You don't want them to be questioning you just because off the picture of your voice, Because there you've got a wall and you're no longer communicating. You're speaking at them, but they're blocking you and no early, will they? I feel that you see that and feel that while you're speaking up on stage or even in front of the classroom and subsequently the doubts that come to you are Oh, my God, it's because of my English. I used the wrong vocabulary. Look, they can't understand my pronunciation. How many times have you given a presentation and thought he went terribly wrong and really badly? Because you had this reaction And did you ever stop and think? Well, how did I give my presentation? What was the turn and peach off my voice? Next presentation. I want you to do this because it's just so normal for years. Our learners sure just blame everything on their English level and the way the gifts broke it in English and not taken into consideration other skills that you actually need when giving a presentation. So the last mistake to avoid is, Do not raise the pitch of your voice when you're giving a presentation. English. Let's move on to the next topic now. 6. How to use the right intonation when giving a presentation: So if you cannot raise the picture of your voice on do you can't speak too loudly when you're speaking English. Well, how guy are How can you add emphasis and feeling and importance to certain words that you're saying in your presentation that's we're going to talk about now very briefly, because I kind of touched on it in our last video. But we're gonna look back on it now just to give you some very straightforward steps off what you could do to understand his concept a little bit better. So the first thing that you want to keep in mind is every time you start a new idea, let's think about it in sentences because it is a little bit more and practical for you. Think about every time you begin a new sentence in English. When you're writing, you begin with a capital letter. You want to use the same type off punctuation when you are speaking in English, but instead off using a capital letter, you just going to raise your voice. So if I'm starting a sentence, I'm gonna put a full stop When I say today, I went to the beach today, I went to the beach. Can you hear the difference between the word today and beach? There is a big difference today. I went to the beach. So at the beginning of the sentence, in order to replicate out capital letter, we raise our voice. Remember? I'm not saying today I went to the beach. I am just raising the sound of my voice and projecting it on a little bit more. Today I went to the beach. Okay, so at the start of an idea off anything new that you're saying in the beginning of a sentence, we want to raise our voice now. Subsequently, at the end of a sentence where there is a full stop when you finished an idea a concept and argument, please. This is more important than raising your voice. Please drop your voice. How many times are you speaking in English? In out? No, only in presentations, but even in your conversational English. And you've stopped talking and the other person's looking at your leg. 00 you finished speaking. And is that that awkwardness? And you're like, Oh my God! Maybe I made a mistake with my vocabulary. All they didn't understand me. again. My English is terrible. No, again, it's not because of your English. It's because in English, when we finish an idea, when we finish a sentence, we drop our voice and it makes the other person nor, oh, okay, they done. Now it's my turn to speak. If you're obviously, if you don't do this in conversation, you're gonna have those awkward moments. But if you're not doing this in your presentation, everything is going to sound like one big, long sentence. And the people listening to you will have difficulty in understanding one argument from the next. So all of the arguments lose importance. So raise your voice at the start of a sentence. An idea, a concept. Drop your voice at the end of an idea, sentence and concept. Listen to the sentence again that we're working on today. I went to the beach, to the beach, to the beach. See how I just dropped my voice? Naturally, I don't so two door word to the beach and I drop it very weirdly. It just naturally dropped by voice in a monotone. Okay, I don't need to fade it off. I don't need to speak softly. I just dropped my voice. That will substitute, for example, a full stop. And it tells the other person that, Okay, that is done. She's finished speaking about this certain thing. The next strategy I'm going to talk to that is how to add emphasis on certain words and concepts. And we can do this in two ways. So when you want to add emphasis on a certain word or comfort or concept, you can raise your voice. OK, I'll give you this example. You can say you should not be studying English in that way. You should not be studying English in that way. And the concept that in this sentence, obviously I hope that you would have realized, is I want to tell you that you should not be doing something. And I have chosen to emphasize the word no, which gives the person listening to me a little bit of a wake up call just that they understand the negation in that sentence. So one way you can do this is by raising your voice for an entire expression. If that's the expression you want to highlight, or a single word another way that you could do which personally my favorite. He's through syllable stress or word stress. If you hear me when I'm speaking, there are certain words that I make long. I I extend the sound off the words I did it just now I want to do to understand the word sound better. And I said, I extend the sound off the words I extend the sound off the world and see how I've made the our sound of a long gated it. That in your mind makes you feel like all that's important. That's something I need to pay attention on. So as well as raising your voice, it is a fantastic technique to look at individual words, and you can do this in your preparation when you are riding up your presentation. Look at the individual words and highlights in that concept really important, because that's what the whole presentations about. I'm gonna highlight it, so I know when I say it, I'm going to take a little bit of a pause before that word and extend the word doing it again a little bit of a pause and extend this. I'm making you understand it to things that you should be doing I'm highlighting them and to make you feel that they're important, I am slowing down my voice and extending this sound off the word. OK, it's something that is fantastic. You can practice doing this at Ho after you've ridden up your presentation. Go through with the highlighter. Maybe you have a yellow highlighter for raising your voice. All of the words and ideas you want to raise your voice. You put in yellow orange for extending vocals and maybe blue for dropping your voice like a music sheet and as your radio and get used to all came. A boy screws up now because down now I extend this practice in the mirror. Record yourself here yourself and then it'll be great to practice with somebody else so that they could hear and you contest sale. How did that make you feel? Do you believe what I say and what ideas came to mind when I was speaking? OK, so these are just some really practical strategies and ways that you can implement these ideas off voice an execution that I'm talking about in this class 7. How to introduce your presentation Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: All right, So now let's move on and actually talk about the structure off the presentation. Like I told you in our very first video, our presentation in English But in really any language is broken up like an essay you can say. And you have your introduction, you have an overview summarizing your main points, talking about them in detail and more or less a conclusion. Obviously, in this class, I've given you a little bit more detailed structure that we're gonna go ahead and look at. But this is the most straightforward and effective way to prepare and give a presentation because it ensures about you cover all of the main point. You do so in the right way. And you really do maintain that high level of engagement with your audience. So we're gonna have a look firstly at our introduction now, like it is when you start writing your essay girls who were studying for ill every time I teach my aisles. Ladies there how to give a presentation that, like, Oh, my God, guy A I l's preparation is everywhere. I can't believe that giving a presentation it's just like riding What aisles task to but it is a very, very similar. So when you are starting off with your presentation, you do want to give a very simple introduction just to introduce what it is that you're speaking about who you are and what is the general topic of what you're going to speak about. The mistake here is that people get very excited. And either they tell me all the arguments and absolutely all the main points just in this very little introduction, or they completely skip it and just start straight away with the in depth information and birth. Birth way isn't obviously not correct, because if you are starting straightaway with specific details one, the person is going to feel a bit lost because they haven't got a clear idea of what it is you're speaking about. Even if they, your colleagues or your boss, I asked you to keep the presentation and to they're gonna feel anxious because they're going to say, Oh, well, she started speaking about this, But is she going to speak about this? Oh, but she was supposed to speak about this topic issue going to cover it, and you're gonna have that problem that I spoke about in the other video, where instead of listening to you, they are going to be questioning you and doubting you and feeling anxious and uncomfortable . Sorry. The first thing that you want to do when you start off your presentation is to give a very simple introduction again, Like I told you at the beginning of the video attached. Well, in combination with these video lessons is an attached file that you can get into the resource section with a pdf slider with all of the lesson notes, and particularly from this section on where we're talking about all the different structures off the presentation, you have a list of all specific vocabulary and expressions that you can use. So I do urge you to go ahead and read that whether you'd like to do it now after its after each video or the end sign. But it is there to help you. So when you're having to give your introduction, you can very simply say hello, everyone. I am delighted to be here in this presentation. I'm going to be speaking to about how to give a presentation in English, okay, or I. My name is Gaia pleased to meet you. I come from so answer school. And here I want to speak to you about how to give a presentation. It's a very simple, pretty much one sentence. Hello. Introduction and the purpose for you to be standing in front of a group off people. Okay, so that's a very first thing that you want to do when you were giving your presentation, whether you're being introduced by someone else. Obviously, if somebody has already introduced you, it would sound a little bit strange to introduce your your name once again. So you could say, Oh, thank you very much as so when So I said, I am here today because I would like to speak to you about this. And in that case, you don't need to have re introduce yourself. You would just think the other person for doing it for you and just stayed exactly what it is. The purpose off your speech. So, at the very first thing we do in giving a presentation 8. How to give an overview of your presentation Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: Okay. The next thing that comes after your introduction is your overview. Again. I'll feels you know this so well. Your or Riverview is just a very brief outline of the main points you are going to be covering Different to your introduction. Introduction mentions the topic today. I'm talking to you about your presentation in English. This is the topic and or overview goes into more detail. In regards to this, we're going to be discussing the different structures and how you can use them when giving a presentation. Okay, here. I've given you an example of an introduction and an aura of of you introduced the idea. Talk about the main points of the idea. Talk about the main point will be covering in the presentation. Maybe it's regarding what they will learn. It will be regarding a particular experiment, a new idea. It may regard the problem and asking for the solution to that problem. This is the type of information we're giving in our overview. An aura of your just like an introduction is fundamental again. It's like you put yourself in the position of being a guide. When you're giving a presentation you are taking full control of the presentation. You're not just sitting there very shyly with a piece of paper being like I don't know what I'm doing. I'm just gonna read information, your teaching. You're conveying a message. And when you include an or Riverview in your presentation, that makes the people listening to you feel very comfortable and really see you at from a position that he's higher because it's almost like you're taking a more authority of stats , not authorities in a negative way. I mean that you're coming across very cold for that. And you're saying, Look, I know why I'm here. I need to do this. This and this and this is the information I'm going to give you. It's very up front. It's very clear, very, very direct. That's what you want again. It's going to avoid them questioning and talking to themselves instead of listening to you . Because if you're not giving this Riverview again, it may create the feeling of anxiety, but they're not sure exactly what it is you're going to be speaking about. So some examples off how you can begin your overview is alright, guys. So today we are going to be covering the topics off time management. The issue we had the other day in the four o'clock meaning and I want to be brain storming some solutions to the problem we had on Monday. Very simple. It's like you've dot pointed the king points and ideas for the presentation. You could even say All right, So before we start, I just want to quickly outline what it is that we're going to be going through today. You are going to first break off in groups and have a quick conversation. You're going to learn these five new words and I'm going to try to explain this crime a topic to you Stop and or overview. It is a summary of what is to be expected in the presentation. Now, there are lots of different ways that you can structure your sentences again. Go ahead and have a look at the attached resource is because of what the sentence is written down. But the main thing I want to tell you, she can even be really upfront about it and say directly like Okay, before we start, let me give you an overview off the presentation. We will talk about a B and C, and you can actually use the word overview because it means summary. Okay, so it's just a very simple one or two sentences just to outline specific details off what you will be covering in the presentation. 9. How to talk about the main points Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: Okay, The next step is talking about the main points of your presentation. So I've got out Introduction out of the way, wherever understood. How to introduce how to given Riverview. Now it's time for your body paragraph. The main point. OK, so this is where you are going to be covering step by step all the different issues you need to in your presentation. Now, when you're talking about the details off your presentation a very common mistake. These people just don't straight in and say that and stop. Okay, You still need an introduction to what it is that you're saying. And you can do this by first adding your linking work, giving a little introduction sentence and then giving your examples and talking about the main details. So, firstly, let's talk about the issue that happened last Monday. Okay, so we've given first, like a linking word first. Lisa's the first issue we're talking about, and I've introduced the topic. We're gonna talk about the issue that happened last Monday. Then I might need to give some background information, and I can use a sentence like, as you know, or as you are well aware or as you may have heard. We've been having issues in our technical department. Okay, so from that I've given a little bit of a background information. Obviously, it's stuff they already know, but it does help with the coherency and the smoothness off your presentation, and then you jump into what's the issue? What's the cause? Due to this next Monday, we'll will no longer be able to be using Lab Room One as it will be under observation, because the technical department is coming in to fix it. Okay, And that's my issue. That is, like my main point. So it see how I didn't start off by saying, Our guys are next Monday. There is no lab room because this this and this has happened. Well, it's a little bit direct. People are probably going What? Why? I don't remember why that's happened. What's going on? But if you include the introduction true, this main point. Okay on. Did you transition in by using a sentence like, as you know, as you wear off and then you go on to actually saying the main point. It's a lot easier to understand. So this is how we move on from our introduction to talking about the details off our presentation, I would suggest you to break down each main detail, each main topic into its own section. And for every time you want to talk about a new detail, a new topic used this pattern off slightly, introducing it, giving a little bit of background information and men jumping in and talking about the main points. The main points in my case, where a problem. But they could be an idea. They could be an information and update a particular result. Okay, so it doesn't matter the structure, you can change it completely, depending on the information that it is that you're given. But just do make sure that you do it in this way because it really does help with the engagement you're going to get with your listeners. 10. How to speak abot graphs and images Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: all right, so it's still when we're in the process of giving details. There are many different ways that we can give details in a presentation. Obviously, we can do it through words. But if you were giving a PowerPoint presentation, you may have images and graphs, and when you do have images and graphs, we do have a particular language that we use in order to express the information. Now. Often I see either students having fantastic power point presentations with images and graphs and ignoring them and just speaking or talking about the information without again giving a linking sentence to make us understand that we're going from words to picture. And this is very important because what can happen is when you don't do this the importance of your visual material, what decreases and again, you know, having a graph and having some sort off visual. It's a different element to your presentation at something that is actually quite positive . So you want it and has that you want to highlight it. You don't want to ignore it or just not speak about it in the correct way. So as you're talking and if you want in your detail section to refer people back to a grass , you could say a linking sentence like Now, if you turn your attention to graph a you see how this idea is illustrated and again you're guiding them. You're asking them to have a look, a graph A Or you could say something like To further illustrate this idea, you can have a look at this pie graph that very clearly shows how the results have changed from last week to the following week. And you also mention, what what? What is it that the graph is going to show you? What information isn't showing you? What results is it showing you and you use it'll wear as a way to provide evidence if if it is what you're doing evidence to support what it is that you've said to highlight a particular that issue to make somebody understand something even more. But the main point I want you to understand is if you are using graphs and any visual aid in your presentation, address it Agon Ali just and do so by introducing and guiding people to have a look. Don't just read what it is you're doing and point to the presentation. It's not enough information to make us understand. Oh, this graph relates to water these that you're saying. So do have a look at the linking sentences I've provided in your notes because it will show you a very simple template that you could use and memorize maybe one or two when you are having to do this in your presentations. 11. How to give a mid presentation summary Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: all right. So the next point we're looking at in regards to your presentation is how to give a mid presentation summary. Now, obviously, in the beginning of your presentation will into that introduction overview, which is this sort of summary, obviously. But we didn't say anything about having to do it in the middle of a presentation. And you may be thinking, Well, guy, why would I need to give us summary all my presentation in the middle again? This is over. Vulva ring around the idea of acting like a presentation guide when you are giving a presentation in English. I was saying before presentations can be very long, like they can be very short, But often it is a concise amount of information at the same time that for any person, young or old takes time to digest. And I mean people a different. Maybe they're hungry. Maybe they lose concentration for a minute. Maybe they get a little bit bored and you as a present. I want to be extremely aware of that and acknowledge that, and giving a mid presentation summary really helps reengage your room and just make sure that everybody is following an understanding. So I honestly don't have an exact point when it is that you should give this. Obviously, a meat presentation summary is more or less in the middle of your presentation. However, I would gauge that, meaning I would understand that based on the reaction you're getting with the people listening to you. If you start to see lots of people putting their hands up asking questions all at the same time, don't ignore these things. They're very important to you or, if you say people rolling their eyes and getting tired of looking confused or not. Not following you at a natural point when you can somewhere around the middle, pause and give a very brief. Or you about what you've spoken about so far just to get everyone up to speed, to re clarify any important points for doors that are looking a little bit confused. And just to make sure that your main point that you want emphasized really I getting through to them. But it is really simply like any conclusion summary you would, and you can say all right, so so far as you've heard, we have been speaking about this. This and this on. And, um, we have analyzed how this this and this has made an impact. It doesn't have to be exceedingly long. In fact, it will be quite negative to be so long because people may lose concentration but just go backwards and summarised the main points, the main ideas that you've said and have a look at your audience. I mean, I know that presentations do obviously change quite dramatically, Kobe. You actually don't have time to ask if they have questions. It could be that, you know, allowed to ask if they have questions, but it questions are allowed. I would really encourage that This point off your mead summary be a time to say OK before we move on to the second part of our presentation. Does anyone have any questions? Is there anything I can re clarify for you? And that is a great detachment from the presentation to now communicating with your listeners, communicating with the audience. It kind of wakes them up. And they said, OK, I can interrupt. Now I can say something. Oh, I've had this line in my head, this question, that bugging me like, yes, I can, finally asked her that question. OK, so giving a mid presentation No. Giving a mid summary in your presentation is a very strategical way in order just to make sure everyone is understanding and your main points are being understood. 12. How to correctly transition between slides Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: All right, So now the next point we are going to be talking about is transitioning between slides. Now, at this point off your presentation, you have successfully given your introduction or Riverview and begun talking about your main points and possibly given a media presentation conclusion on its probably got on the time where you've gone through lots of information, lots of slides on, and it could start to get a little bit confusing, too. Divide the different sections of information in order to understand. Okay, that was 4.1. Argument one. This is for the new idea of the new concept and a way to avoid any off this confusion and really enhance the overall fluency. All of your presentation is to use transitional sentences and expressions every time you go to a new slide, every time you are about to talk about a new idea every time you were about to do anything different, tow what you've just done in your presentation transition into it. And you can do this by using very simple vocabulary, for example. Okay, next we're going to speak about Okay, guys, following this idea, let's turn our attention to now. Let's have a quick look at all right. If you could raise your heads and have a look at this graph, see these very, very simple sentences and expressions again, I repeat, they are in the race Will section in the slide that you can access very simple, simple expressions and sentences that we use just two. They like directions If you're thinking when you are giving a person directions, he said, OK, walk straight, Go left, turn right. And you guide them exact same thing you want to be doing in your presentation Guiding, guiding, guiding and giving direction And the best way in the main way you could do this is yes, when you're transitioning from information spoken about it Ah, locked throughout this whole class, especially in the beginning. But the main point here is like talking a little bit more about the vocabulary. So very simple words, even by firstly okay, Secondly, let's look at and lastly, this happens very simple transitional words that just bring people from one idea to the next 13. How to give a summary Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: All right, now we're up to our conclusion. You've almost finished the class and understood how to give your presentation in English. Now we've given a mid presentation Summary conclusion. Now, this is the conclusion that comes at the very end. All of your presentation just before they may be some time for questions again, just as you would if you were writing an essay here. We're just summing up the main point, and we are not really giving any new information apart from possibly like a call to action . If it is that you want to get them to sign up to something, do something in particular getting contact with somebody, ask a question this you would include also in your conclusion when you're giving your conclusion, we is very simple. Conclusion vocabulary like so overall, as you can see justice in these or to sum up the main points this this and this or in conclusion to this presentation we have understood this this and this. So your conclusion off your presentation should just come very naturally doesn't have to be a very formal, detached conclusion. You could even say something like our guys. Thanks so much for listening so agree. Much as you saw in the information that I gave you, We have learned thesis decent kiss. And these are the main issues that we're facing at the farm. It okay, so you can very directly say that the presentation has finished, that you are giving a conclusion in regards to the information you're putting in your conclusion in your presentation, it does depend on obviously what your presentation is about. And what are the main points? The main thing that I want to tell you is it doesn't have to be like the introduction you were giving where you were over viewing your main point. Your concluding statements will be the more detailed aspects off your presentations. You want to think that it could be that you you're giving a presentation? That's an hour. People's attention spend does very certain. Whatever you say at the end of your presentation is obviously what they're going to. Well, I hurt not, but it could be what they're going to remember the most. So just keep that in mind if the main point you want them to remember these are the certain result of something or the solution to a problem or the benefit of taking this particular strategy. Do put that in your conclusion because that's going to stay in their mind compared to obviously all the other information you said at the beginning off your presentation, the conclusion can be long. It doesn't necessarily have to be long again. It does depend on your time. Limit Justus long as your including a sum up off the main information. You want them to take home with them and to remember than the length that shouldn't actually be an issue. 14. How to talk about questions Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: Okay, so now let's talk about questioned every time I do presentation preparation with my students, it's almost like the question State is the scariest. That's a guy. You know, if I can just read my paper and speak without stopping, and then nobody asks me anything, I'll be fine. I'll be absolutely fine. I just can't handle a question. And obviously that comes with the fear of being like I don't know what the question is, meaning? I can't prepare for the question, so it can be a little bit daunting. So what we're gonna do now for the end of the video is talk a little bit about obviously vocabulary that we can use when we are looking at questions and what to do if we don't know what to say. Or we can't answer a question that at that point I'm gonna look at in the next video. Okay, so for now we're gonna talk about asking questions, and, like I mentioned when we were having a look at out pre amid presentation summary, there are two different times that we naturally ask questions or in the middle, off your presentation, you may be open to receiving questions or obviously at the end again, it depends on the type of presentation you're giving. When you would like to invite people to ask questions, you can simply say, OK, guys, so have a little bit of time. Would anybody like to ask a question? Does anybody have any questions they would like to ask me? I would like to invite you to ask questions I am or open to answering any questions. You may have a very simple sentence like this in your meat presentation. Summary. Ive people have requested to ask a question, but he just don't have the time to do it or you're not supposed to. You could say a sentence that, for example, thank you. Acknowledge that you want to ask a question. There'll be time for questions at the end off the video, or I just want to hold all questions for the Mormon and White and to be end off the presentation, for example, So either you are inviting people to ask questions in the middle of your presentation or at the end, or you are directing people again, like a presentation guide in the middle of your summary, to ask questions at the end. Okay. Very, very simple way. There's quite a long list again, if you have a look at the attached three sources in regards to inviting people to ask questions and know a lot of the questions I get is how do I do it in a formal way. I don't want a disabled. You have a question. We would avoid saying this directly, and we would say that a polite way By using our modal verbs, I would like to invite anyone to ask a question if they want or we have some time left. I would be happy to answer any questions I am open to hear any questions you may have thes are out polite ways to request something through using particularly al modal verb would. 15. If you can't answer a question Speak Better English How to Master a Presentation: all right now, moving to probably the most important part of the vizier for years is what to do when you dart nor how to answer a question. It can happen. Look, I, for example, I've been teaching English for a long time, possibly maybe seven years now. And it's happened that students have asked me questions I'm not prepared for. And I may not know the answer to just because you are in a particular profession. And just because you're giving a presentation doesn't mean that I don't know your Einstein and you know absolutely everything. So before we even go into this video, I just want you to become aware of the idea and just accept the fact that you don't know everything, and it can happen that you'll be asked a question you don't know the answer to. It's not the end of the world. The best technique. The best advice I can give you is just be honest. If you go into your interviewed knowing that it could happen, you've already accepted it. And it would be so shocking in the sense that you haven't set up in expectation, like I have to know absolutely everything because he's not going to get fired. You have that expectation that it could be quite daunting, and you could make a little bit of a mess if you're given a question you don't know the answer to. But if you have this sense of ease and neutrality in the sense these Eric cake would happen if I don't know something I don't know something on, be at peace with it, then your reaction in terms of your body language, you remembering your English and the tone of your voice will be a lot different when you're asked something you don't know. The answer to second thing now that we can go into the detail about this is be honest. I tell my students all the time and this isn't just regarding the answer to a question, but even understanding English just exposed. And be honest. If you can be confident about your mistakes about your shortcomings and about not knowing the answer to a question, it looks so much better and people actually forget that you don't know the answer to the question. I'm gonna give you two scenarios so somebody asks you a question in your presentation and they say, Oh, okay. But I was unsure about graft to Can you tell me the figures from 2009 because they weren't mentioned on the graph? You're like, Oh, my God. I don't know the answer. And you have this reaction. Um, uh, I seek certain there about 8000. Now, let's have a look at this reaction instead. Oh, can you tell me the figures off the question? That's a great question. I would actually love to tell you the figures because it could really help my presentation sound even better. But to be honest right now, in this moment, I don't recall them. Would I be able to send you an email or do you mind coming past my office tomorrow and we can have a quick chat about it? Do you see the difference? The 1st 1 I wanted to deny the fact that I didn't know the answer. So I tried toe. I try to hide it by being awkwardly silent and think and think and think and be like, Come on, you can remember. You can remember in front of a stage of people with everybody looking at me trying to speak in English. You think that you will be able to easily remember information? Not not, not a good approach in the second approach. What did I do? I very are for me with a big smile with my shoulders pulled back with a very stable voice, said, I want to be able to tell you this, but I don't remember no. Or only did. I explores the fact that I didn't remember I made a joke about it, saying that it would have made my presentation sound even better, Which shows witness, which serves irony. We just show so much confidence and they gave them a solution. I said, It's not a problem. I'll be happy for you to come past my office and we can speak about it. And that's not the end of the world. That is a very mature approach to having to deal with a situation like this. But any situation where you've made a mistake or, you know, understood something in English just exporters it and be honest, you're not a little kid, you know, in front off. I don't know, like your school teacher. That's going to say you're going to fail if you don't do this and you're just so scared. You're an adult. Your a mature person. It happens that no, everybody knows everything. But the most important thing is, how do you deal with that situation? What energy do you give off? How do you present yourself? So just be upfront. Expose the fact that if you don't know the answer, you don't know the answer and give them alternatives. I like to use humor and make jokes in these situations because it makes me feel more comfortable. But I understand not everybody is like is, and that's totally fine. I couldn't think of anything worse into you, you know, facing your presentation, thinking you had to make a joke and just being very unnatural for you as a person because it's not a line with your personality that's completely fine. If it is, it's a great approach. If not, just do what comes naturally in Just be honest about it. So again in the fight and lots of sentences that you know tell you different ways that you can express that you don't know the answer to something, I'll give you a few here. You could say Thank you so much for your question and your participation. At the moment, I'm not able to answer it. However, if you come and find me being doesn't presentation, we could speak about it. Or at the moment I actually don't have the answer to that question. I need to do a little bit of research to understand it Better, really, really normal, upfront and direct about, you know, answering a question. But you executed it in a very confident way. And the person that is on the other side isn't going to be like, Oh, there's so one prepared. They've got no idea what they're doing that maybe like, OK, great. And that will just remember the fact that, oh, I have to go and speak to her at the end of the presentation or I have to go to the office tomorrow because you will give me the answer makes a very, very big difference. 16. Conclusion: Wow, fantastic job, everyone. So you have come to the end off this class that has taught you how to master giving a presentation in English hearts that you enjoyed it. And I know that it was helpful because I've taught this class many, many times live. So all of my other students, like I told you numerous times throughout to the class go ahead and have a look at the attached resource is so you can access all off the lesson notes. I just wanted to let you know If you are interested in my other skill share classes, you can go ahead and access them. I've got some great classes in terms of vocabulary on in terms off, particularly actually. But who is watching this class? Your mindset, your confidence and facing fear speak English. Speak better English before mindsets is a course that I will recommend you to do hand in hand with this one here really help you build your confidence in terms of having to give a presentation in English that you can check that out below. It's over here on skill share on. And lastly, if there are any lovely women here watching this class. Hello. You may have seen that I haven't online community where I teach women English, Facebook of instagram YouTube. You can go ahead and access all of that information and resource is by clicking on the link in the slides. I would love to have you there and help you out with your English. Sorry. Thank you, everyone for watching and best of luck with your presentations, but by