Awesome Chess Openings to Surprise Your Opponent | Greg Vanderford | Skillshare

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Awesome Chess Openings to Surprise Your Opponent

teacher avatar Greg Vanderford, Knowledge is Power!

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

16 Lessons (3h 7m)
    • 1. Lesson 1 Introduction

    • 2. Lesson 2 Queens Gambit Accepted

    • 3. Lesson 3 Queens Gambit Declined

    • 4. Lesson 4 Nimzowitch Defense

    • 5. Lesson 5 The Semi Slav Defense

    • 6. Lesson 6 The King's Indian Defense Revisited

    • 7. Lesson 7 The King's Gambit Accepted

    • 8. Lesson 8 The Schliemann Gambit

    • 9. Lesson 9 The Closed Sicilian

    • 10. Lesson 10 the Ponziani

    • 11. Lesson 11 The Evans Gambit

    • 12. Lesson 12 Ruy Lopez for White

    • 13. Lesson 13 Ruy Lopez for Black

    • 14. Lesson 14 The French Defense for White

    • 15. Lesson 15 Ruy Lopez for Black

    • 16. Lesson 16 Conclusion

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About This Class

Awesome Chess Openings to Surprise Your Opponent is my response to the many requests that I have had to create a follow up to my first chess openings course, Learn to Play Chess Openings Like a Master.

Chess openings are a critical part of the game of chess because without a deep understanding of the many ways to start a game, you will get blown off the board and lose before the game ever really begins.

In this chess openings course, you will learn openings that start with 1.d4, including the Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Declined, Nimzowitsch Defense and many others. In addition, you will learn more ways to respond to common 1.e4 openings such as aggressive openings like the King's Gambit, Evan's Gambit, and the all important Sicilian Defense. We will also go into more detail regarding how to play the many classical Spanish Opening variations. 

In addition, you will learn more ways to respond to the French Defense as white so that you don't fall for the many tricks embedded in this strong opening for the black player.

More Chess Openings for the Modern Player will help you to become a stronger chess player, and win more games by giving you a strong understanding of the very critical area of chess strategy that is the opening phase of the game.


Meet Your Teacher

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Greg Vanderford

Knowledge is Power!


My courses are designed based on my many years as a teacher and student of education and business. I hold a master's degree in curriculum and instruction and have been designing curricula for over a decade.

The business, language, and chess courses that I have built are a reflection of this experience and dedication to education. My goal is to reach as many people as possible with my courses, which is why I have chosen the internet as my ideal mode of delivery.

The following is a little more about my expertise and background. I was born and raised in Sandpoint, Idaho. I attended the University of Idaho where I earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration in 2004. After a few years in the work force as an account manager I moved to Vietnam where I lived for over 5 ... See full profile

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1. Lesson 1 Introduction: welcome the course, guys. I hope you're really excited to get started, as am I, and learn a lot about openings and some tips, tricks and some theory behind what makes these openings so good. The really important thing about opening is the reason we need to know them so well. There's a couple of main reasons. One is of course, you want to get a good position at the beginning of the game. But most games these days are basically short games. Their blitz games a lot of us on time to play 12 hour long games anymore and so on. Whether not you realize a 52 minute or a 30 minute chess game, it's considered blitz. It's really a short period of time for a game. And if you know the openings in and out, you know lots of different positions. You know lots of responses to whatever it is your opponent decides to play in the opening. You get a huge advantage because you don't to think very long to play some of the best move . Some of the moves that the computer or the grand masters of the world have found to be the strongest moves. And if you know a lot of those moves, basically your knowledge of the game, your preparation of openings is what gives you a big advantage over your opponents have won countless games because I know lots and lots of openings and different key moves in those positions that even if you don't win apiece or get up material, you get a really good position. And you know what you're trying to achieve. So most of the time, um, you know, people will start with either e four, um, or D for the pond moving to D four in this course, we're gonna learn opens for both sides. Of course, it's important to know how to reply to anything that your opponent plays. But most of time in C four and G force, we're gonna look at a lot of those openings, the most common reply D five. And when you get into these different positions, we need to know basically what we want to play. We want to build a playbook of openings so that when our opponent makes thes same moves over and over again, which you will see when you play a lot of games of chess. You'll see a lot of similar patterns, similar openings. We need to know basically what we want to play automatically, and so not that we're gonna have every single game be exactly the same. But we want to play the strongest possible moves. And so we want to be able to make these moves in the opening most time without having to think for a really long time, right? We want to calculate and be careful, but we want to have, um, a A playbook of openings depending on the position that we're going into. That is really, really strong, so that once we do get into the middle game, when things start to get more complicated, um, we have a really good position and we have a clear plan and then we can start taking more time to think about our moves, and that helps, ah, great deal to be able to not have have used a lot of time in the opening, whereas your opponent will easily either usually have to use more time than you in order to make the same quality moves or though, or they'll make their moves quickly. Um, like you are doing and they'll make worst moves. So you get a really big advantage. And, um, is a weird thing in the psychology of chess, where when you're moving quickly, your opponent tends to move at the same speed as you, and it's just sort of a thing that tends toe happen. It's very interesting, but, um, so you can use that to your advantage. And you can, um, bust out your your first several moves quickly and with confidence, knowing of the strongest moves and your opponent will tend to follow suit with the speed, and that gives you an advantage if you know your opening is more than them. So it's really good for Blitz. It's really good for getting a position. And of course, you can surprise your opponent when you know the openings really well. If I know on opening better than my opponent, let's say I'm really, really good at the French defence and my opponent hasn't studied it. He's not gonna make the critical moves at the right time. He's gonna miss the moves that he's supposed to make or some of the best option is to play . Um, and usually it's either going to be a critical, fatal air where you're just gonna win something or you're gonna get a hugely dominant position because they don't really know what to do next. They don't know what they're supposed to be trying to achieve. Or as you have a clear plan, a clear goal, you understand the strengths and weaknesses of the position and your knowing you know what you're trying to achieve. For example, the position that we have in the board now is a pretty typical a Spanish game or otherwise known as a Rudy Lopez opening. A lot of these moves aren't book moves that are played by both sides with a little bit of variation. I kind of just made some random moves. But no matter what position you get here, if you're playing white, you may have noticed that I move this night over here that took three moves to get under this King side. This is a typical night maneuver in the Spanish game where you take several moves which seems to go against the principles of the opening, right. Usually we don't want to move one piece multiple times in the opening, but if you know your theory, a know that in the Spanish game otherwise known as the Rudy Lopez, getting your night over in this King side position is the strongest place for it to be, because later on, we can make leaps to attack on the king side. Here, in conjunction with these bishops, which you'll notice are aiming at the king's side, all of our pieces are directed towards the king and depending on what our opponent does weaken, usually get our queen out over here and make a pretty dangerous attack against the Black King if we make good moves on and we play it right, so that's an example. Just one motif in an opening that if you are familiar with that, you can quickly move your pieces around and get him into position. Where is your opponent may need to take a lot more time to think about what they want to dio and not necessarily know the best reply to what you are trying Teoh achieve. Another good reason that we wanna have this night in this spot is it's a really good counter counter balance to this bishop right here. You notice it covers a lot of squares and So it's just in a really, really good spot, and the computers and the grandmasters have figured out that the Spanish game, this is kind of where the night belongs. We don't want it to be blocking in this bishop. And in this game, it's really good to have this pawn here on C three. So the pattern as you Pierrepont NC three ambitious lined up like this and you move your night over here and this is just one example of a position that, if you know it really well, um saves you lots of time, gets you a good position in every game, and you have a clear strategy. Um, knowing what you're trying to accomplish now, I made some pretty typical moves for black. There's lots of different ways that they can reply and they could move. But in this position, White has a has a better game here. Black has kind of clogging up a little bit. This pond is kind of in a weird spot, and everything for White is on working together very nicely, and we're going to try to get an advantage in the center and at some point make a leap and maybe attack this king here. This pawn here on C three is defending these two critical squares so this night can't easily jump down this Ponds defending this from pushing down and are pieces are already coordinated rather nicely. So that's an example of some principles that you can learn in an opening without having to know the exact moves you can get a really, really good ah, position. Another example would be if you know of the Sicilian defense. Really, really well and your opponent think so. I've seen this. I'm going Teoh, play this move and I think they know what you're doing. But what? We learn the lines really well, we can play, um quickly, get a really good position and, um, usually save more time. Of course, if your opponent doesn't know what to Dio and they make some some strange move and they said they're pieces up wrong. All of a sudden, we can get a big advantage, so I'll show you an example of how we can start to get a big advantage because the opponent didn't know what to play. Typically in the in the Sicilian you don't want to put this pawn formation like this is not the right move. It creates weaknesses in the light squares, and it gives us some nice angles against the king. And it coordinates are pieces. Well, now, if you just think generally about chest, you think you you know, chest. You might think this is a good place for this bishop to be. We're feeling Kettering. It is, that's called and we're taking a long diagonal. But in this particular position in the Sicilian Defense as black, it's gonna create Ah, weakness when you haven't castled yet and it's going to allow on pressure to be put on. You know, whether or not that's obvious at first, um, is kind of the point. The point is that we want to have preparations so that we know the positions before we make the moves. We know this is kind of a week move, and we can set up things in order. Teoh get a better position than our opponent without having to think all that much without having to think all that much. It's kind of a whole point. We do our preparation and we set up our our position here. So this is something we're gonna learn later in the course. This is just a quick example. This is called the Yugoslav attack, and you set up this particular position for White, some some variation of it, and you're going to get a really good game. It's really, really fun to play the Sicilian, and there's like endless amounts of tactics and patterns, and so you need to know a lot of different scenarios that can happen. So that's something we learn in the course that's called the Sicilian Defense. And they're Sicilian. Defense is one of the defense is where, UM, it's been played for many, many, many years, and it's really popular for both sides. And so there's lots of theory behind. And so basically, the more you know about each opening, the bigger advantage you have over your opponent. It makes chest more fun. It gives you an advantage whether you're playing a blitz game or a longer game. And, um, it's just good for your chest. And obviously in openings are also a lot of fundamental chest principles that you have to know as well. So I have found that studying openings can perhaps doom or to improve your chest than almost any other air. The game studying endgames and middle games is is also very important. But through the opening, you can really get a feel for the game of chess, especially if you're a Giner or intermediate player is looking to improve. I think that you can improve the most by improving your opening repertoire and having a good three or four hoping that you know really, really well that no matter what your opponent does, you know what to do in response as a reaction. So whether you're playing white or black and whether your your opponent opens with the four or D four, you have a game plan and you don't hesitate to implement. So that's what this course is going to be all about. We're gonna learn a game plan for more openings and that we learned in the first course new openings, new positions and try to give you more of a well rounded game so that you're not gonna ever be surprised by your opponent. You're gonna be the one that is more prepared 2. Lesson 2 Queens Gambit Accepted: So the Queen's gambit accepted is really going to start with, because it's one that if your opponent doesn't know how to play against and they accept the gambit, the free pondering give them, they can get into a lot of trouble really quickly. So we're white, and we decided we like to play D four. Um, typically what our opponent will dio in most games, not all. But if you go into this line, they will respond with D five and then our moves to play see for offering a free pond. It's not really free because we get a really good position, no matter what happens, and we can get the pond back later on anyway. And so a good chess player for black will often decline this so called gamma and they won't take it, which is usually the strongest move. But if they don't know their openings were, well, they think I'm gonna take this pond. Then we have lots of things we can do now. Once they take it as a couple different options, we can simply play this pond here, um, t four and get a really nice center with a lot of open lines attacking this pawn again. And if we do that, um, this pond is either gonna get ah, get recaptured very quickly or blasting out to tangle itself up into weird positions, putting this pawn on this weird square here, opening itself up in order to defend it. And we have a really nice coordinated position for white, and you have these diagonal starting to open up. Um and so that's one thing we could do, but I'm gonna go over first. I want to go over this line, which is has a trap in it. So if we play e three immediately were attacking this pawn now, and we're setting up a nice trap. So if Black tries to hold on this pond, which a lot of players will do because they think well, I just want upon and let's try to keep that material advantage, they will play upon to be five like this to defend. Now, we've got a tricky move here. We can play Queen two F three and we're attacking the RUC, right, And they can't defend it with his bishop now, and black is already in trouble. Okay, so there's not very many good choices for black if they want to try to stop, um, this rook from being lost, they can. They can neither bring the bishop out. Nor can they put this night right here. And so basically, um, they're left with, ah, having to put this pawn here on C six. Okay, so another position is very tenuous. This is really a bad pattern. It's a It's a week situation for these ponds. The whole little weaknesses in here is not what Black wants. Now black is up upon, but they're having to immediately defend their position. And even just psychologically, it's way more fun. Easier to play this position for white. Whereas it's not good to be down upon and chess, right, if we are in a really close game and we don't get any compensation, as we call it for the pond we don't want to be down upon. It's a big deal to be down one point and material. But in a situation like this, where it is a known position where you can give up upon and get either adequate compensation or more compensation than you gave up, its it's a really good thing. So the move to play here is you want to play a four, and then you're immediately undermining this position. Now, I'm just really quick calculation if, um, they take this right here now, they've got a huge weakness. A doubled pond and the rook can take back immediately. Um, and attack this pond. Or we can simply just take this pawn right here. Um, and you look at our position. It is really, really, really strong. So it's definitely a bad idea for them to take it. So So what did they dio? Um They may think, Well, I'm just gonna put this pawn here, and I'm going to mean what you defend it now, but now they result into a a pin. So now, if we take and take back with this a six pond, they lose the RUC so they can't do that. And if we take it with this pawn and they take back with the C six pond, same thing. So the pin on the rook is, um, it's a double pin. And so it's a really difficult position for Black to play. Okay, um, now you might think Well, getting some tactics here. What if they just give us. Ah, check with the queen and they get they get this out well, doesn't really do any good at all because they were just getting a piece out with tempo by playing the bishop to hear were attacking the Queen. And it's just not a good position of them to play. They might do something like this and they can't get the Bishop about right. So the queen just has to move back somewhere. And so most of the moves of black has at their disposal are not going to be very helpful. And when these positions get really complicated like this early on in the game, um, it means a blacksmith to think a lot. And so blacks gonna be using time to think. Whereas White doesn't need to spend as much time calculating the positions easy to play, it's just much nicer. It's more comfortable, the pieces air coordinated and flowing. And, um, it's just much, much better for white here, especially in a blitz game. So again, these openings give you a huge advantage and blitz because time is of the essence and a big advantage in the beginning, or your opponent making one big mistake, and I can pretty much be lights out. This is a way better position for White were ahead of material, and we have all these advantages. But so let's go back to the beginning and see what can black do instead what to do. It's down, and let's just say we don't go for that, because if we play this move here upon T three black doesn't necessarily have to put their their pone on before. They can simply develop normally and let us take back. So that's a trap. That's a trap that if you're POTUS, no doing, we set it up. We put our queen right here and then blacks in a world of hurt. So it's a really nice trap to know, especially if you have a sense that your opponent doesn't know the openings very well or the not a really strong player. You can try to lay that trap. If I'm playing is a strong opponent, they will be aware of that trap. So it really depends on who you're playing gets. And that's not the reason why it's really good to know your opens really well so that you have a lot of flexibility. For example, when I'm playing against a master, a grand master, and after we played a few games, they start to get a feel for what opens that no, really well. And what positions Maybe I'm not as familiar with and they're deeper knowledge of the game gives them an advantage over me because they will find some position that they could see them uncomfortable with her. I don't know all that well. I miss a couple of the book moves and then they start playing that against me. So it's really a matter of, um, sussing out your opponent and their level. And if you already know your opponent and who they are, if it's someone that you're familiar with, then having an advantage in the opening is even bigger. So I'll probably play E four and static. It's a stronger opponent because this is actually a better move in theory, because you're not taking control of the center and you're putting both of your ponds in the middle. It's it's a stronger move than E three, but the three displays that really nice traps and now we can't lay that same trap later because if we put our queen here on F three. This ponds blocking it and so doesn't work anymore. So this is actually a stronger move than the other one, but it doesn't have the trap within it. So it really depends on what you feel like playing and what kind of position you want. So now we have given we have given up upon and Black can easily just play east six year now or excuse me, that won't work because you won't defend upon. He can give up this pond, give this pond back, in which case we're gonna have a better position. For example, let's say he just plays normally. And now we take this pawn. So we're ahead the initiative. We still have our initiative as White were ahead in time. And so, um, we have a slightly better position, are pieces of more coordinated and it's more open. So we have a slight advantage here and again. We have an easy position to play were slightly ahead in development. So that's a That's a typical thing that can happen if he plays a move like that. Um, but again, if he decides that he wants to defend his pawn And even though we don't have the same queen trap right here, we can still get him into the same uncomfortable situation by playing a four. So this is a good pattern to know in the Queen's gambit. Okay, so in this case, once we played a four, if they take it, we get a really good position. We need to take back with the bishop here on C four, or we can take back with ruk. Um and probably they won't take it. Probably they will if if there if there are good just player and even though if they got this position, they've made some weak moves already. But a better move would be to do something like try to defend this move. But again, we have a really uncomfortable position for black, A lot of weaknesses. Whereas White is now moving his pieces out very comfortably, you might get into something complicated like this where he moves his pawn forward. But again, you need to put your night back where it waas or you can put it over here. This is not good for for black. It's gonna be much easier for White to play. We're gonna rearrange our pieces and we're gonna have a better opening. Okay, so this is the queen's gambit accepted. That's the position you want to go for. Once they take it, you either play pawn to E three or pawn T four, and you force them into trying to defend upon, make it really uncomfortable for them. Or they simply give the pawn up with a regular move and which is which is sometimes the best thing for them to dio. And you just keep your regular initiative as white. And while black hasn't made any big blunders here, you've got a really nice situation. You've got a really nice position, and, um, it's a fun one to play, and it's an easy one to place. Those are the key ideas. If they if they do, except upon you want to play E three instead of trapped with that queen or you want to play E four and get a nice position in the centre. If your point is aggressive, you will tend to get into these early exchanges and battles in the center, Um, as we're seeing in this scenario, But, um, it really depends on what your opponent plays in this case, I played the pawn forward here because this pawn is under attack and this pawn is under attack by two pieces of night and the queen. So you're kind of forced to play into an aggressive opening. But that's OK because we have a man advantage because we have more space and we have more lines for pieces to come out, whereas Black is slightly behind in development and that will make a big difference in this opening. And we'll learn more about this opening in the next lesson. When we go over the queen's gambit declined and see the kind of position is that we get into when they do not accept the pond. Do not take the pond and the positions that you get will be much, much different because without taking that pond, it's now ah, close or semi closed position. Whereas what we have here is a more open position where we traded up this pond as much of lines and so there's a big difference in the nature of the position when it's open, when it's semi open or when it's closed and it makes it way more complex and there's a lot more tactical possibility. When the position is open like this. So it takes more time. It takes more thinking. And once you realize that, you may decide that it's better for you to play more close style positions in the opening because you not only make your moves fast without didn't calculate a lot, you can get a really strong, safe position. And so we're gonna learn about both of those things in later lessons. 3. Lesson 3 Queens Gambit Declined: as I said, the end of the last lesson. The nature of the position in the queen's gambit accepted in the Queen's gambit declined is very, very different. When you haven't traded upon in the beginning, you get more be closed position of more conservative position, and it's important to know the difference and know how to play each position, of course. So when you play C four and your opponent elects not to take it, typically they will go into either a a slob we call slob or semi Slav. Or they will play something such as night T F six year and simply defend this pond. Now, in this case is a situation where there's tension here between these two ponds. Now we take on, we just trade that pawn off. This is a case where it's actually not beneficial to trade in chess, especially in the openings. Oftentimes, the side that takes the pawn first and initiates the trade is actually losing a tempo or giving something up by activating one of your opponents pieces. In this case, if we were to take this poem right here and the night takes back, it's not a disaster. It's not a big deal, but we are helping toe activate this night and put it in the center. Yes, weaken. We could chase him away by going here, and now he's over here. But it's not something that we necessarily want to achieve when we're white, we have a small initiative. In the beginning, we have. We're ahead in, um, our development. And we don't want to give that up by making unnecessary moves that we don't want to help activate our opponent's pieces. And now our King is kind of a little bit vulnerable with his big openings, So it's just not the best thing to do. Um, it's not necessarily bad, but we could make better moves. So the night comes up here. A simple thing to do is either leave. Leave this pond there and play night to see three, basically continuing to offer the gambit. So, in which case, if they decide to take it now, um, now we can play a move like E four, and that Pawn is defended by our night and were attacking his pawn. And the snare is really similar to what it was in the Queen's gambit accepted. It's basically accepted, but one move later. And so then they can only defend the pond by playing this pond to be five. And it's just the same situation as before, so that's a good scenario. So probably if they've already decided to decline that pond, they're not gonna take it now. And they're gonna just continue to develop their pieces. Normally, maybe, would do something like this. Typical move. Get their bishop out under this nice diagonal and aiming over here, and we're gonna have a normal game of chess. And so at this stage, we may decide to either block in our bishop and defend this pond or to follow suit and put our bishop out here and put a similar set up to what to what they have. It's really just a matter of preference. The key here is knowing the nature of the position, depending on what you do. If you play E three here and you now defend his pawn, you're looking at a slightly more docile position You block in your bishop. But it's really, really solid now if they take your pond and you take back there helping you to activate your bishop. So even though the materials equal. Now your bishop is activated. You've got these nice light squares nights core strength. Um, here is this is your is your strong bishop, whereas your dark bishop will be your weaker bishop in chess and every position, depending on the, um, pawn chain and the color of the squares of the ponds air on one of your bishops will be your strong bishop on one of your business Will be your week, Bishop. So in this case, it's really obvious that are dark squared. Bishop is to be a much inferior peace to our light. Scored a bishop because our poems are blocking it in and a pond chain is on the same color . Squares are bishop Now, of course, that can change. And we can move this pawn forward later on once we have enough support for it. But usually the pawn chain will stay fixed and should stay fixed because we don't want to waste too many moves moving our ponds around when we need to be getting our pieces out quickly and operating in an efficient manner. Chess is all about efficiency. It's all about doing things with the least number of moves and saving time. That's why we use words like tempo and TEM pie when we make a move, we don't wanna waste any temples. It's all about time and speed and efficiency. So, um, in this game is really clear that our light scored bishop is much stronger. So, for example, if this position comes up, you're gonna try to want to avoid trading off your lightsquared Bishop for your opponents, lightsquared Bishop. Because even though they're lightsquared Bishop is active here and it's already developed, they make a move like this, which they may need Teoh, Um, in order to get their other bishop out. This lightsquared bishop is actually not a really strong pieces now blocked in by this upon here and a weak it doesn't have too many places that it can go. Our bishop is much more mobile, and it's a stronger piece, so we wouldn't want to trade this bishop off in this scenario. Now, Black tried to force a trade by going here. In this case, you could actually go ahead and trade it because you would be leaving. Black was such a big weakness with the's ponds being stacked right in front of King like that. You can trade off your good bishop, and you're basically you're trading the advantage that you had in the active strong bishop for another advantage, maybe even greater. One is really ugly week stacked upon position in front of the King. Have your pawns. Me stacked is not always bad. A lot of beginning players think, Oh, bad pawn chain ponds being stacked, weakness. Some situations you can have upon ponds being stacked and it actually can can strengthen your position. So it really depends. And the structure of the ponds is one of the most confusing aspects of chest for beginning intermediate players, and it's cause for much confusion. So we'll talk about, um, The pawn formation is quite a lot throughout this course, but this abuse scenario we're upon chains being stacked here would be terrible, really, really bad. Right from your king before you've castled to me. Too many weaknesses, and it's just a just a massive target right there that if you were going to defend that, you have to tie your pieces down to it, and that is not what we want to do at all. So that would be a good scenario. So again, taking this pond right here is not something that Black would really want to do. So it helps us activator Pete. So instead, a good chess player here would simply continue to develop someone playing a strong opponent . We may see just a continuation of some of these opening moves begin our nights out. Maybe Black now wants to develop, and he's either gonna put his pawn here and kind of have being blocked in. Or maybe start to consider complicating the game and playing something like E five here. Now, when you have these situations where you have a lot of possible pawned trades in the middle like this where I can either take here where as black and take back. Okay, In this case, I can just take it because I've got two pieces attacking this pond. He doesn't. He only has one defending it this night. So this case, you can't play e e five. It's really obvious. But the point I was about to make is that when you have a lot of potential trades of these ponds here, um, there's a lot to calculate, and it can actually have a significant impact on the position. Who comes out ahead after this trade? If I take here, he takes, I take his queen comes down and then we still have these two ponds here that are, um, intention. It is extremely complicated. Actually, it's a situation you have to think really long and hard on This is a good example of when If you get into a situation where there are potential pond trades in the center, the game, you want to stop and take a lot of time to calculate closely. And this is one of the reasons why we want to know the openings really well so that we don't waste a lot of time on some of the other moves. Um, and we can use more time on these situations. But of course, as I mentioned, this is actually a bad move here because we could just take the pawn and he can't take back , and he's gonna have to move his night. It doesn't. It doesn't quite work, but so probably a good move for black here is either gonna be to play e six and get the bishop out. Um, or maybe even feeling that it was bishop by playing by playing here g six. And then let's say we want to get our bishop about what We put it here cause we don't want to trade it off a lot of beginner players. Think only trade this bishop off. I'm gonna put it right here because I don't like I don't like the position of this Bishop came down in here, and I want to trade it off. But that's not a good thing to do because this is our strong bishop because it's on the opposite color of our pond chain has got more mobility. We want to keep it and we want to keep control of these light square. So actually, this lightsquared bishop for us is quite a bit stronger of a piece. Then there, Bishop especially, they decided, feeling kettle like this so that actually, whether they put go pawn to E six or or ponder G six with a vote which are both logical moves for black, either one of them is really that good. So we have it. We have a good position here for for white and black needs to play accurately. So again, it's just one example of a situation that can arise, but it's very, very typical. And the point is, we want to know what to do depending on what our opponent plays, that they take it and they go into the queen's get accepted. We want to know what to do, what moves to play, what position is gonna come out of it if they decline it and they just play normally. We want to know what we should dio and how we should respond to that as well. So we looked at a couple of different scenarios here where we blocking our bishop What kind of position we're going to get? These are the typical types of moves, and white looks really good here. Now, if we elect not to block in our vision, we say, Well, we're gonna play a little more aggressively and we're gonna take our bishop out as well and put this bishop on the outside of the pawn chain. That's ah, perfectly good thing to Dio as well. It's one of the ways that I like to play. Get the bishop out. You just delaying your king side development and you're delaying castling a little bit. But in this situation. It's fine because black doesn't have anything dangerous. They can dio. So these types of more docile positions with is not a much of fireworks right at the beginning, because there hasn't been an exchange of ponds and not a lot of pieces are coming out. Then you can delay castling for long. You don't need to abide by the rule of castle early and often, which is a good general chest rule of thumb on, the more you learn about chess them or you can ignore some of the rules of thumb, and you'll see a lot of the grandmasters do things that go directly against the principles of chest because they understand that in that given position that they can go ahead and break the rules and actually making a stronger move. And so this is kind of a scenario where or that's the case. So let's say that we decided get our our bishop about this way. A typical thing to do is immediately now we want to open this bishop of to defend this, get get her out and, um, support this bishop. Now. Black wants to go ahead like a lot of times, beginner players will say I want to trade off this night for this Bishop. Now, in this case, this is our weaker bishop. So if he wants to waste a night move to attack it, um, we can just back it up. And now if he takes it, we take back and Black gave up a perfectly good piece. That was a good night tohave right there. He spent time developing it and moving it around, and he thinks maybe, Oh, why Traded off? I got a bishop and I got the bishop pair as if you know anything about chest. We know that having both bishops is usually a strength because you can control both colors . But if you give up a good piece in order to get the bishop pair and the bishop that you got was the week one from the other side, it really wasn't worth it. You haven't gained anything. And even though our ponds are stacked right here, um, it helped to get this. This rook now is aiming down on this is aged file. So it's now I got a semi open file, so you kind of helped us activators rook, And this is not necessarily a weakness at all. In fact, in this situation, this pond now helps to control both the H four and the F four squares. So this is a situation where the ponds are stacked right here. But it's totally fine. It's not going to to hurt us at all. And so let's say we just continue the game in normal fashion and we get this night out. Maybe they black wants to make this pain here. Um, that's fine. We don't care about these ponds being being stacked either, um, or maybe we we want to avoid. We want to avoid. It's really simple. We can just put our RUK here, and that's a good place for the right to be anyway, because it's aimed at this open sea file. If there's a trade here, this will be open and that will be good and chest. We want our moves to do multiple things for us. If we move a rook out, we can think, OK, it's defending this night. It's also aiming at this file if the file gets open and we're developing the piece generally, so everything you do in chest if you can, you want to have your moves do Multiple things have multiple purposes. Okay, so let's say the black castles here and now we get our bishop out, Weaken Castle on this side right here. Even though these ponds are stacked like this, this is a perfectly safe position. It may look like it's dangerous, but it's not. I mean, the queen can't get over here very easily because this ponds controlling the square and it's nights controlling this square. There's just not that much that they could do. If they want to attack us, it's it's a lot safer than it looks. So it's another pattern. That's good to know that if you trade off your bishop like that for a night stacker pond, you could go ahead and castle in this position, and it's perfectly safe. So I'm gonna continue to did you guys a lot of useful patterns in these openings, so you know automatically what to avoid and what to try to to achieve. As we go to look at each of these different types of openings, there will be similar patterns that will come up over and over again that will strengthen your general opening play 4. Lesson 4 Nimzowitch Defense: the news of its defense is a really good opening to use against a white player when they when they played before. If if they don't know how to play against it. Because a lot of players haven't really studied the best lines, Um, and you can get a really, really good position. And depending on what White does, you can either get a really solid position with good advantages. You can set a trap for white, and you could win some material, or you can get a really big attacking game. So when White plays Defour in the situation, we play this move Knight to F six, which gives you a really flexible opening from here. You can either go into the King's Indian defense, which will learn later, or you go into the names of itch. It really is up to you. Oftentimes. What will do here is they'll play, Ah, see four. And it's a really typical set up against, um, night F six, once they've played before and here. If you played G six, you go into the King's Indian and there's a whole bunch of theory you need to know in order to play that or and this is a little bit more solid, a little bit easier to play and less risky, which sometimes makes it really good in, Ah, blitz game. Especially because you just set up your position getting really solid opening without having take too much time as I've ever been saying to you. So if you play E six you get is really solid set up and you get your bishop out typically what? What? What we'll do is we'll play the night out here, which just makes sense after playing these do ponds. You don't leave the King to open. You want to continue to develop on the Queen side, and we go ahead and make this 10 with the night. No, white is perfectly fine if they play, um night two D two or Bishop to D two and defend this night. But, um, the computers and the grandmasters have shown this is not the best. I mean, it just gets it gives black equality. Basically, you're going into a sort of equal position. And since white gets the first move, they start out with an initiative and any moves that tend to give black and equal position after only like a few moves or give black opportunity to equalize. As we say, it's just not optimal for White, because why give something up when you don't have to? And so, by putting pressure on this night and by putting this bishop here, it allows Black to do things like immediately play D five and striking to the center, which opens a position up and gives you a really good game here for black and you actually getting ahead in development. And white is not able to castle yet. Black is able to castle you able to get your bishop out, and you're starting to get a better position than White already. So that's why Bishop Teoh, D two, is not considered a very good move. And usually what Whitely to do here is either play, um, a three immediately forcing the trade, which goes into a certain type of position. Or they'll play what's called the Rubinstein Variation, where they put the queen right here on C two. And then if you take the night, it avoids stacking the ponds, which, as we discussed briefly already, can either be a weakness or not, depending on situation. If white doesn't feel comfortable with the ponds being stacked here. The center. They can put their queen here and defend this night, in which case we can either be aggressive and play d five and strike the center, which is a perfectly good thing to do right away or weaken. Be more conservative and we can simply castle and see what White does next. Either option is perfectly fine. It really depends on what you're in the mood for and what type of a game you want in blitz . Oftentimes is better to go the conservative route because you can make your moves more quickly and you don't have to think or risk making a mistake. Or as if we go the more aggressive route. It might be more fun to play, and we might even be able to get a really big advantage. Let's say it takes takes same situation before we've now opened up our bishop, and we've got pressure on this night and blacks position is pretty good here. The night is pinned and white has to do a lot of thinking, or black doesn't have to do a lot of thinking. But depending on what white does. For example, maybe they don't take that. Maybe they either put the question to the bishop now, with upon or to do something else, because there's tension in the center now has a lot more calculating that needs to go on. You don't want to make a mistake with pollen trade in the middle here. It has very, very consequential who comes out ahead in these pawn trading exchanges in the center, as I briefly discussed with you in the last lesson. So this is called the Rubinstein Variation and gets black and really good play here because it forces white to react to two black already put their queen here and over not to take the ponds and when Black has the pressure. And basically black has the initiative in that situation. So a lot of times the typical move here, instead of playing that conservative slow queen to see to, they will just play, um, the pawn Teoh 80 here And when and when you do that, you're basically forcing black to take the the night and then for you to stack your poems because it makes no sense for black here to have moved this Bishop into this Paul information and then to back it up and then let white Well, this case, you would get trapped and you lose your piece. So, um, you really can't back it up because you would get trapped here. Um, and you can't And you can't back it up this way because then you just wasted a moving You allowed white to move this pond for. It's pretty much have to take the nights the only logical conclusion. And then both sides get something here. So, um, White got blacks good bishop at this point because where the ponds are, that's a strong bishop. But Black got this sort of weakness here. In this case, this is a weakness because of the structure. See, if this pond right here was on d three and these ponds were stacked, it wouldn't be a weakness because upon and be protected. And it would be aiming at these two squares e four and C four, and it would be actually helping to cover some of squares in the centre. But because of this pond out here all by itself, it's a week. This is not easy to defend. And if it pushes forward right here, then this pond can be a because it needs to be. Defense was kind of a a week situation here when White has not developed yet. However, the compensation that they got in exchange for this was they got blacks good business. We both give up something. But the point is for black, when you're playing the names of it, we have a really clear goal in this situation. We have a weakness here that we're going to attack with our pieces and White is going to have to try to keep from either losing a pawn or give themselves into a really uncomfortable situation. So we immediately want to bear down on this pawn here. We've given up our good bishop. We've created this, this weakness, we've created this double pond and we need to try to take advantage of it. And if we can get white to react to what we're doing, we can get a good position and put white on the back foot with the rest of the game and of course and chest the initiatives really important and psychology is really important, and this is a way for us to get the initiative and gain the upper hand psychologically so that you're the one putting pressure on your opponent. So here, a good move to do is to play B six, getting your bishop out. We want to bring your bishop to a six and a mitt at this pond. Now White can defend it, but it kind of has to tangle its pieces up a little bit and or at least lock them down in order to do so. So let's say what does something typical like They think. OK, well, they see that Maybe you're going to try to attack that or they just want to defend it and they go ahead and go and they go here and then go to E three. Well, you go ahead and just put your bishop here on a six. Now they want to push this pawn forward. Then you go ahead and trade those bishops off because you are making their king move for one thing so they lose the right to castle. And if you'll notice because their ponds air on the dark squares, you'll be getting whites strong bishop, whereas this bishop that will remain will be their weaker bishop And, um, this is already are weak, bishop, because we give up our good one. So in this case, you'd be getting a good trade so white in order to save this pawn, if they think I'm just gonna push the pawn forward and I'm going Teoh not lose any material or have any pressure on this, um, then it helps us. So, um, it's not really good move for them to do that. So they'll probably continue to try to to defend. So a typical thing, What will do here is a plate queen, a four another defending upon twice and they're attacking this bishops off my night moves. It can be taken, but we're just gonna keep moving our pieces around and try to put pressure on this pond. I don't notice. Now there's a couple things here that are really nice for black that we can. You We can simply jump on the 94 if you want to and put pressure here on this pond. And so, um, white will either have to put their bishop here to defend and weaken, trade that off and make their king move, or they're gonna put their bishop here in order to defend it. And if you just look at their position, it's not very nice. Their kings expose and kind of vulnerable were bearing down on this pawn here. And maybe now we can simply move the night down here and attack it. It's not easy to defend. And, um, if they choose to push it down the pawn here, well, the same scenario weaken trade off this bishop, get a really good exchange. There is really uncomfortable for white and it's just not very nice. So playing that night moving there, um, is really good, and it gives us a lot of choices. Another option is to simply immediately go for, um, taking this night out at a soon as we can And, um, putting pressure on this pond by going to see six and then to a five course. We can't do it this move because the bishop will hang, but we can prep for it. So, for example, we can simply move our queen over, defend the bishop in order to move our night toe, see six and 285 Now, that may seem like a time consuming thing to dio, but in this case. Excuse me, it's worth it cause White really doesn't have anything they can dio, um, we're ahead and development and we have this very clear goal, and we just want to put pressure on the C four pawn and make quite uncomfortable and try to get a new advantage off of it. One of the reasons that the great Bobby Fischer was said to be so much better than all the other grandmasters is that he had such clear, focused strategies who create some weakness in the position, whether it's stacked ponds, whether it's a weak king, whatever the weakness he would create in the position. He was just focused like a laser beam on that one objective and every single thing that he did, every single move he made would be some way aimed at achieving his objective. And it was very, very focused strategy, and that's we want to do in chess. We want to create a weakness, and then we want to bear down on that weakness and no matter what your opponent does, even if you keep the same material and your opponent reacts with strong moves, continue to put the pressure on them and eventually their position will crack open. And that's how we win the game. And what we do is we create the first weakness, and then we continue to bear down on it. And in theory, what happens is the defense will have to either Tyus hopes of knots or holding pieces down to defend. And then it's called the principle of two witnesses. You create some second weakness somewhere else on the board, and then the position will at some point collapse the evil have to lose material in orderto , keep their king safe, or they will just have to get a really weak in fear position. And that's how we win games and chest at the higher levels. Because the higher levels of people are not going to be hanging pieces and losing material . They're not going to make it like large blunders with their pieces. You win with superior strategy, and so this is the type of game. It's very strategic. You created a weakness, and now you want to focus on it. And that's what how a lot of your games will be as you get better and you play stronger opponents. You're not just gonna be like losing or gaining material all the time. We're gonna have a lot of material parody, but you're going to get a positional advantage how to squeeze your opponent and control squares and create weaknesses and things like that. So in this case, um, 94 is a perfectly good move. Um, but White does have some responses. They can also play night t two and isn't necessarily Guinness anything immune? So we could play that move. Or we can put play this queen over here and look to move this night to a five. There's really nothing that white can do about that. So that's a really good plan. And so we want to focus on this C four pawn and and not get distracted. So actually, a move like 94 doesn't actually accomplish our goals. Although it's not a terrible move, it's not the best. So we want to continue to focus on our plan here. So we're going to the queen over, and maybe at this point, White could do many different things. They could decide that they want to the special about defend this pond. They could decide that they want to get their night out and try to get Castle, which is what most players will do. So like Ah, typical move here for why it would be to play night toe of three, continue, develop and try to get castled. And then, of course, wants to get Castle. Then they don't have to worry about the threat of us trading off these bishops and making the king back on the bishop right here. But it takes time to do all these things, so that's perfectly fine. And now we can make this nightmare over. We can move the night here, and the bishops defended, and we're going to put the night on. This usually would be kind of a weird square toe. Have a night, we say at night on the rim is dim or a night on the rim is grim, depending on which, um, adage which chest saying that you prefer It's not usually good to have a night on the side of the board, right, because it can't cover too many square, so we don't want to put our nights on the side of the boards. But in this particular position, here's an example of when you can make an exception to the rule. It serves a very specific purpose. We're gonna bear down with both our night and our bishop on this pond, and even though it's being defended by two pieces right now, we can continue to put pressure on it and it will hold the white pieces down. We have the pressure and we have the initiative and that's we want. We're gonna keep focusing on that until we can find a way for White to make some concessions and weaken their position. For us, it's a really fun way to play. And if you know this plan, it doesn't take very much time to think of your moves. I put his name, ceviche defense against White, and I get this scenario over and over and over again. I've played this position like 1000 times, and I usually win, and I usually get a really good position, and it's always fun to play. And even if I'm playing against a master of Grandmaster, I mean this is it Typical scenario. These are some of the best moves for for both sides, so even if I'm planning is a really, really strong opponent, if I do end up losing. It will be way later in the game when there's lots of calculating and there's lots of tactics and some mistake is made later on. But it won't be in the in the middle game or the opening we'll get it will get a really good position will go into a really long, interesting game of chess, which is, of course, what we usually want to do. But if if you are playing Blitz and White doesn't know how to play, this is really easy for them to make a mistake and, um, lose some advantage here, the beginning, or even get get checkmated if they make ah, bad move. But so far, these are all pretty typical moves. And this is a typical scenario. We'll see. So what? I would say White gets the bishop out and goes there. Now we play Knight to F nine to a five, and now we have these two pieces putting pressure on C four like we wanted and white is tied down now the castle and they don't have to worry anymore about trading off the bishop . But you do notice that this bishop in this situation is pinned now they definitely can't move this pond for because they would just lose. Ah, peace. And again, White has initiative. Now, what we can do in this situation, which looks kind of strange, is we can put the queen on B seven and then either put it on C six and either force white to trade with us and get a new advantageous position with no witnesses, no double ponds, which going into the end game would be better for black or we can castle and then strike the center here because we now have a pin on this one. So if he's able to say, we Castle and, um, White falls up with some normal move, like getting this bitch about connecting the rooks this pin now to be problematic. So now we can play d five, and we have one, 23 pieces on this pond, and White cannot take here because it would lose a piece. And so in this position, we're either gonna lose or G they're gonna win some material for sure, or we're gonna force White to make moves like, for example, night t e five defending this. And now we've got lots of choices we got lots of good things. Weaken Dio and we are in the driver's seat. This is just one example of what can happen day, so it really depends on what your opponent plays. But the point is, if you play the names of each defense, you're gonna get a lot of good likely scenarios and not have to calculate a lot. You're gonna be the one that has the good options. Even though you're playing black on Black is usually the one that is behind the initiative . Because White went first, um, lots of good ways to get a good position here. And most players up into the intermediate level are not really well versed in the names of its defense. So whereas they may have seen a lot of a king's Indian defenses against them when White plays Defour instead of playing G six and going in the King's Indian when you play here, they typically will think, Oh yeah, trade off the bishop. That's good. And, um, you're actually getting a better position than them, even though they think that they're trading off Bishop in getting the bishop pair. They're getting this really uncomfortable stack pond and you can immediately start to bear down on it with your night and cause problems for them. So whereas you're unlikely to get crushing defeat the very beginning, you're going to get a good position. And if if any trades happen, you tend to have a better end game because of your pond structure not being weakened like there's so it's a great opening to play. I encourage you to to practice it and start using it against your opponents and see if you can't get a nice advantage out of the opening as black. 5. Lesson 5 The Semi Slav Defense: so the slob defense is actually the name of the opening for Black in The Queen's Gambit Declines. The one that we already saw when you play D five and responsibly for when White Plays C four is if they decline the Gamma and they play E six, this solid move just defends upon here. This is the slob defense, and it's very, very solid. It's a way to avoid all the tricky complications that we saw in The Queen's Gambit accepted not having to deal with any of those issues. You should be playing E six and you defend this pond and you get a decent set up. It's gonna considered one of the best replies. It's been used for a really long time by Grand Masters. However, it has a pretty big weakness that has made most really strong chest players avoid it these days. And the weekend's is that you're blocking in your C one bishop, And if what's a good player here, they simply won't trade and open up that bishop by letting black take back this way. This is actually good for black now why? It has a nice opening and you see that you have symmetry in the center, and basically, you're gonna have a really equal game here, which, if you're white, is not what you want. As I explained before, what has initiative? And we don't want to just give that up willy nilly in the first few moves. And so it doesn't really make very much a sense for for White to take that they're just gonna continue to develop. But we're gonna look at the semi slob and that avoids having to block in this lightsquared bishop. But it gives you the same really strong, solid position while also not having the weakness of blocking in that bishop. And it's kind of an acquired taste if you're not used to playing this position, so you definitely want to practice it and get used to playing lots of games in it and see some of the different patterns that show up. But basically, in the semi slob, what happens is once a place before we play C six. And so again, the point is, we're defending this pond. We're not going for the queen's gambit accepted, and we're gonna get a really stable, strong pond chain, and we're gonna try to get the bishop outside of the pawn chain. So typically, white will follow up with playing Knight to C three, as is the general pattern. And lots of these D four openings put the night there and you kind of delay getting your King Castle because there's not really much of a threat for anything except, as we saw in some openings, like the names of which there are some potential complications. Especially if, as a white player playing before they don't really know the opening all that well, they definitely gonna play d for you. Definitely want to know what you're doing because it can be easy to make a mistake. So you're right. We play, um, C six and then get the bishop out. And he played Bishop five. And if White place something normal like getting the night out, and now we go ahead and put this pawn here in East six. And we've got this bishop now outside the pawn chain. And, um, as you can see, our ponds are on. The lights were so are dark scored. Bishop is going to be the better bishop. It's gonna be a stronger piece, has more mobility. But at least getting this lightsquared bishop outside the pawn chain makes it, um it puts on the strong diagonal right here, and it makes it a much better peace and otherwise would be. And again if the White Knight wants of attack it with a four, we simply drop back here. A trade takes place, and nothing is really gained for way, so it makes no sense for them to do that. All a lot of weak players will often make those kinds of trades where they don't gain anything. And that's that will be a mark that you are improving as a chess player when you don't just make trades for no reason and you don't think that. Okay, well, the Bishop pair, I'm gonna get the get one of the bishops at all the bishop pair. But wasting a couple moves to do that and getting the weaker bishop of the two doesn't necessarily gain you anything. Everything in chess is all about context. And as I've been saying before, there are rules of thumb. We definitely want to know we won't fall than most the time. But then there's also everything is situational, and there's and there's times when you don't want to follow those. So a lot of time to see weak players there will be worried about some sort of phantom and and they will make bad moves because they were thinking, Well, my rationale was I didn't want to trade off my bishop, so I didn't put it there. Whatever. But you can't be worried about every little thing, just trading pieces. I was not something to to worry about. I mean, you don't want to trade off all the pieces necessarily, and then going to an equal endgame and where it's gonna be a draw, or maybe you're gonna lose. And so there's me definitely times you want to avoid trading pieces. But you shouldn't be worried about every equal trade. You should be trying to to make the best possible news that you can. If your opponent decides to make bad trades or useless trades, Well, you can't. You can't control that. So this is a structure in the semi slide. You're gonna have this and the thing about it is it's both very, very solid, and it's also very flexible. So at the right point, we may be able to push the C five pond up here and make a break upon break, as we say or once were ones we're ready. We may choose instead to push the e five pawn once we have support for that pawn move. So you have these two different common pond breaks that you could make later in the opening , depending on what white does. It gives you a lot of flexibility, and it keeps white guessing. So it's just a really, really solid opening that allows you to do many different things. Now, if White chooses at some point to close down the position by playing C five right here, which some players will do, then you're gonna be looking for a pawn break here on e five. So, for example, you may you put your night right here to be a better place to put it, then a six, obviously, and we need to develop its That's a typical place in this slob. Um, that you will put your nights. And even though right now White has two pieces at regarding this you five square, we could prepare to push his pawn there by putting our queen on C two. Um, rerouting our night to another square over here, but that would be kind of our goal. And so, in the semi slaughter our goals and either you to push the C five ponder push the E five ponts, these will be critical squares. Now, this this pond move here by white that closes the center down. It's not a very good move. They're not actually getting anything. They're getting kind of a little bit of space, but actually, it doesn't really accomplish anything. It would be much better for them to simply make another developing move like play um e three here or even get their bishop out and mimic our move would also be be fine moves for them. But just in case you're wondering if they play that move, don't worry about it. You're gonna get a night out, and then you're going to at the right time push your pawn for any e five and make a a break . But the typical move here for why it would be to play something like E three and a lot of a d four players. They leave their Dar scored bishop in, and they just get this nice solid pawn structure here. Maybe they feel kind of their bishop marriages put it here, Um, but they'll usually play this move first. It really depends on their tastes, though. And so we will simply continue with our development. We can either play the night t d seven right now, or we can go ahead and get this night out. Two F six. Which move you make in the word of the order of the moves isn't as important in the Slav or in a lot of these slower openings. Defour tends to lead to slower, more strategic games. And this is one of the reasons why a lot of grandmasters she's a play D for instead of E four e four tends to lead to a lot more tactical aggressive games, a lot more early clashes in the center and easier attacks on the king. So in a lot of these D four openings, you'll end up in a much more strategic sort of slower paced game, which is nice if you like that kind of game, because you can take your time getting your pieces together. There's no huge threat that's going to all of sudden manifest itself immediately unless Of course, you just make a really bad move, but you can kind of develop your pieces out. So let's say typical, um, game might be something like this and everyone castles and you are left with a really strong structure. White has an equal game as well. You sort of an equal game here. But if you're black and you get unequal position and you have some nice options with these pond moves, that's a good thing to achieve. Just remember that is black. You're always trying to gain the, um, the initiative back or to equalize. And so this opening does a really good job of doing that. And again, if you're playing in a quick game, it's really, really easy to set up your situation into a Slav, and it's very low risk and you save time on the clock. Now I know a lot of people out there don't even use clocks, but a real chess player, someone who's trying to improve and someone who's playing properly. You'll only see the chess clock because otherwise you don't have uM anyway to measure how much time each of the players are taking and one person taking a longer time than the opponent. It's not fair, and at any case, all tournaments and all standard chest competitions will use clocks. You definitely should be used to using them. And it's just a good thing, Todo and um, as you'll learn. If you're not used to using clocks all the time, it's really important to manage your time. And if you're playing in a short game like 15 or 20 minutes per side blitz game, and being able to make the 1st 10 moves or so in the opening can save you several minutes on the clock and then later on, when you're in a complex situation where you need to do, ah, lot of calculating, those minutes will come in very handy. So it's another reason why knowing your openings really well is important. And these solid, low risk type openings are a good choice playing in a shorter time games. Okay, so we just moved the whites rook over, and now we're getting close to the middle game here and once again, what blacks gonna be trying to achieve. And this is a great thing about the semi Slav, just like we saw with Nim ceviche opening is that it is very clear we're going to look to push our pond forward here on C five or on e five, and so a really good move here. Um, probably be to play queen toe, See seven. Because this supports both pawn pushes and he's white guessing any movie making chest that makes your opponent have to calculate MAWR is good. It makes me to think more. It gives you more options that gives you more flexibility in chess. We have to calculate every possible scenario. What a lot of weak players do is they play what we call hope Chest. So I hope my opponent doesn't see this move or hope they don't play that move that really mess up my situation. But actually we need to calculate every possibility to at least two or three moves ahead, like Bare minimum two or three moves ahead. And we need to assume always that our opponent is going to play the best move. The best move that you can see, assume they're going to play that and then find your response to it and so move like queen to see seven is a natural place to put the queen. It's very sold and it supports both of these ponds going forward. So depending on what White chooses to do here, we may want to make a new immediate pawn break and go to the center. Opened it up. It'll depend on all of our calculations, and I'll let you guys go from here and play with the opening. But the semi Slav is a really solid good open to play against de for, especially if you want to avoid a lot of the complexity of the King's Indian defense, which is a really fun open to play. I did a really long Siris on it in the first opening course. Learn to play chess openings like a master, but it's very complicated and in a blitz game, if you don't know it really well, it's easy to make a mistake in the opening and and loose material on a tactic in the King's Indian defense. But in the semi SLA, there's not a lot of tactics available. At the very, very beginning. You're going to get into a really solid position. You're gonna play with his clear plan of making upon break on C five or on e five, depending on what your opponent does and which one is going to benefit you the most at a given time. But you're going to have a good game here, and I'm going to save a lot of time on the clock in doing so. 6. Lesson 6 The King's Indian Defense Revisited: the king's Indian defense is one that we covered extensively in the other course, learned to play chess openings like a master. But I want to revisit here in this course to give you guys more tips and pointers and just focus on the classical variation, which gives you again a really solid opening. It works really well for Blitz, and it's really flexible, similar to what we saw with semi slob. There are a couple different pawned breaks you can go for. They give you flexibility and give you a really good game once again without having to think a lot about it. So this, again, is a response to White playing D four. So we start the same move that we started with names, which, but instead of when they play C four, instead of playing to E six, we go into a fianca toad situation. It's really flexible move and, um, it will give us lots of different options later on in the game. Usually, White will continue with that same sort of situation. You're getting the same pattern when you play against a lot of D four players that play upon it before you get it really similar set up many times to be used to these openings. And if you stick to just one or two responses, you got the King's Indian. You've got the news of it and then you've got the semi slob. Let's say so. You've got three response to D four. You just learned these three openings. Really, Really well, then you really don't need to know a lot of other openings for Black against D four they played before those your go to openings, depending on what you feel like playing that day. If they play e four, then you go to your E four openings. And as long as you have a few Hurley solid choices for each opening move to react to against your opponent, you're gonna be able to get a really good position and become a strong chess player. You don't need to know 100 openings, but you need to know a few openings really well. So if you could our mission and then what will usually play once you see they were going to the king's Indian, that would be four, and a really important move for us to play here is the play this pawn to de six. This guards the E five square and it's unnecessary moved to play so that white doesn't get a huge space advantage on us here. And we'll see that this pawn here is also an important move for upon structure later on, where you go for a pawn break either on e five or on C five. And so having this part here allows us to have those two options. And depending on what our opponent does, we will choose to break on a different in a different place. It depends on how how they move. OK, so they may put the night out here when you hadn't castled early, they will usually play their pawn in the bishop to this move right here in front of the king. And then we will play either Knight to D to immediately or in this case, because of some tactics that, um, are well known. You can actually play E five immediately here. This is good to know in the King's Indian defense, because most people wouldn't play this pawn push right here so early without having developed your night and, um looking to to engage in conflict. So early on. But in this particular situation, you can work really well. If they take and you take well, they may want to trade queens off to see what happened to the take. Takes takes. They trade queens. We take back now it may look like we're losing upon here because at the end of this trade they get this pawn. But in fact, it doesn't work because we can now take this pawn uncovering a attack on this night. If they take our night, we take their night and everything is equal except we get a slightly better position. So now we have a strong bishop, right? Instead of the board are rooks already out? Maybe they choose to castle now and we could do something like put our fish about here, attack it's night or get our night out. The thing is, it's pretty much equal game with black. I mean, we both have bishop pairs is pretty equal. And why does White want to go to unequal game when once again, they start out with initiative. So that happens. Everything will be fine. You're going to a struggle for an end game and I'm you have a good position. King will be safe and you've got a nice bishop here and notices. Bishop has the long diagonal and so it's hard for him. Toe. Get his bishop out to here. He can prove his brookover was palling up and try to trade it off. It's a lot of moves. Tradeoff piece. So you're in a pretty good situation right here. So you don't need to worry about those trades, Okay? So a strong player usually just will simply not take that point and they will know that that's what the result will be afterwards. What A lot of players will make a make the choice to take here, thinking they're gonna other trade. The queen's doing one upon and it doesn't work. However, another thing that can happen was after you take here once you take the queen back, once you take this pawn here, one thing that will happen on the times don't think OK, well, let's go ahead and get this pond now and then. If they take my night, I'll take their night. Or if black takes the night here, will lose a rook, but again doesn't work because in this case, the Bishop can take the night making it a check even though we don't necessarily want to trade off this This bishop, in this case, we would win apiece because White will have made an error in their calculations, taking all take this pond and then either he's going to take my night or easy to take this night and then they'll can capture back and they'll win upon so white things they're going to upon. I've seen a lot of players make this mistake, but you got this move right here. Stop something happening because you take a check and then Air Force to take back. And then when you take this night, you have one piece, so that's kind of a trap. If someone doesn't know the opening really well, they will go for that. And the player can be a pretty decent player. They're calculating head enough to see that. Oh, I went upon if I take this extra piece right here, but they haven't gone far enough to realize that it's a blunder and and they lose a piece. That's a good thing to know in this opening as well. But again, a strong player will simply continue Teoh develop this castle here. They won't make that trade. And then we will do is we'll take our night out? We'll put our night here. In this case once. We already have this pawn to e five. We don't want to put our night on detail and blocking a special Put it all the way up here . If we don't make that pawn push t five immediately, then we're gonna want to put our knight on d two and that'll give us a choice toe. Either put our pawn on E five or on C five later. So, for example, if you go back instead of this pond push here we can. We can play the classical variation and we just put a night on on d two and then now we can push upon for or we can push this point forward if we want to play it this way. We don't want to go into the patterns that come out of the £5 push or if we know that our opponent might be expecting he five, depending on if we played them before. We don't want to mix it up, you know, we're playing blitz games we won't be playing multiple games in a row, and then you can change things on your opponent and get a slightly different position and kind of surprises. So in this case, please see five. And if they choose to take, take a look with the night and we've got a good game here. And since this see files now open, a large opportunity will be moving Bishop over and move. Our Rickover will get, Ah, good game going there and they can't play and he moves like, be five and we're here because we have two nights attacking this pawn. They're gonna do something about that and, um, blacks looking good here. So that's that's another way we can play it. But the book move now, if if we play e five and they don't take in the castle, we want to put it out here because generally it's better to get a night's out onto the third ring or the sixth rank. In this case, it's were black because they uncover more squares and reach farther. But we have a specific plan. In a speech opening like this, we put the night here. We connect the nights and we can make this pond push. It's also sometimes a good idea to put the night in this situation of second rank. If your opponent chooses to make a pin here on this night with the queen, well, then it's a pin breaking move to put the night on the two. And then we could move the queen out of the way. So there are reasons why we wanted put it there sometimes. But in general, we want to get it out onto the third rank of your white or the six rink. If you're black, the main book move is to actually push the pond down and chase her night away, and that's fine with us. And while it looks like it's cramped here for us and whites gaining space, we're gonna now have a very clear plan. We're gonna go for upon break on F five and we're going to expand on the King side. Misconception about chest that we don't want to open up our king, move the ponds of former king in any situation, and in general that's true. We don't want to move these ponds from work. You want to keep them tight because good for defense. But the situation where the center is closed and these ponds are locked up. This is a well known position in the King's Indian and some other positions. Now we can go ahead and open up this Dagnall on our king because there's no way to get in and attack it. There's no way for the lights word. Bishop T once that we've gone ahead and done this is after they continue to develop their pieces of Pacific grappling with the queen up and the aim it down here we're moves nine other way. We need to put it on e one or e eight, Um, or or D seven. I don't like to put it on the seventh of blocks in the Bishop, even though we're probably gonna bring it back here later. Like to put on E eight and we'll see this is actually good place for the night in this situation. Because later on, as as White comes down to attack, it is defending both be si seven and D six ponds, which are gonna become attacking points for white. And so having the night here actually ends up being like a really good defensive position and doesn't get in the way of the other things that we are trying to dio. Once you have a locked up center like this in the King's Indian, you're gonna have a really typical pattern where we're going to be attacking the King side with our ponds and then white is going to be attacking our queen side of their ponds are gonna have space over here, and we're gonna have space over here. However, are attack is particularly dangerous because of the King's Indian were attacking the king, whereas they're just attacking our queen side. And so we are successful in reaching the King's defenses. First, it can lead to a checkmate, whereas their successful, maybe they can win material or just like against us. Our attack is more dangerous and is one of the reasons why the king's Indian defense was a favorite of Bobby Fischer's as well as Garry Kasparov's. It's very complex, but it's very, very dangerous. And so it's Ah, it's also really fun to play, um, in blitz, if you know the move combinations like I'm showing you right now, you know the two or three different roads that could go down the different variations you can player moves both quickly and calculations and tactics and a big attack. So it's a fun game to play either and blitz or in long games, which is probably why greatest grand masters of all time. So to get back to our open, we're gonna meet Lee Berger night down, and then why it's gonna continue to development. Say they bring their fish about here, which is really typical. Now we're gonna immediately play F five. OK, see, now we're getting space. They're getting space on the queen side now, reading from space back on the King side. And we're safe because the poems are locked. The king is not in any danger whatsoever now. They decided to go ahead and take here. We can take back with the bishop and either gain attempt when the queen or force them to block it and trade that off. In which case, now we have a rook on an open file and that's good. So our positions find or we'll take with upon here and Lee and open up this over here for all of our pieces to come out and attack the king, which is well I like to do. And that and that way we can push this pawn forward and again because the senators blocked it allows us both to have a safe king and have space to get our pieces all out to here. So we don't worry at all about them trading off that pond. In fact, it's good for us. And if they choose to use something that continually to do develop normally but pressure here we get a temple on this bishop making move back and start moving our pieces over so we could move this piece over. We could move our queen over once there's a way to do it may be moving over here first to F six. We can move our look up and over. We just need to rearrange our pieces. Most players will not take that panem because they realize that it opens things up for a sexually good for black at the take. So just be aware that it activates are pieces. It opens up the board. So once again, we see a situation where the side that initiates upon trade actually ends up, not benefiting from it or being hurt a little bit by doing so a lot of times you want to leave the tension with the ponds as long as you calculate and see everything's fine. Like, for example, it doesn't make very much sense in the next move for Black to take this point either because we'll be helping to activate this night and putting it on a really strong outpost here, right in the center. So neither side benefits from a trade from pertaining to develop our pieces and playing a strategic game of chess. So a normal move for white and situation has to play before because once again, they're trying to expand the queen side. We see they have a lot of space. They're gonna be coming down eventually. They're gonna push upon two C five, open this up, soften us up right here, bring their pieces down, bring pressure to bear. But we're gonna basically ignore that instead of wasting time trying to stop an attack or a threat, that's not really too dangerous. We want to create our attack. And so it basically it's a race here against time. This is a similar situation. Do you have a lot of the Sicilian openings where your each attacking each others. Um, flanks. In this case, though, the kings are on the same side of the board. So, as I said, our attack is on the king, their attacker just under queen side. Whereas in the Sicilian, oftentimes your castle on opposite sides and that is really just a life or death struggle fight to attack the king. But this we have the more dangerous attack. And so it's a nice situation to be so after they play that we just ignore that we don't waste any time. We just keep pushing our partners forward. Get a temple on this Bishop, make it move. And right now, we can't immediately put your spawn forward, obviously, because it's not offended. But we can put this pawn forward first and then move this one forward. Um, we can start to move our nights around. We can move our queen over. Probably the best thing to do here since we want to push this pawn forward is first move this pond and then with this pond as they get their pieces over, we're gonna get move our pieces up. They may even choose to come down here immediately, in which case we again. We just ignore that and we start rearranging our pieces. So maybe we move our night over and our queen can come over. Our bishops aimed over here and weaken Push this pawn up next time, if they choose to take which they sometimes will, Then we take back with this pond. And this is when this night now shows itself to be a good defensive pieces controlling thes two squares and we don't want Let the queen get down in here like we move our queen over this night controls it. Guards this square, the regards, the square. And so it ends up being like a good place for that. If they want to attack this pond by bringing their night down and pressuring it, it's defended and we can move our queen to other space. This is one example of how this can go. We want to move our our king over a rook over, over Bishop down there's gonna rearrange your pieces and get ready for this push Here. We could even push this pond neatly after we take this trade. Let's say they do something like they did start brushing upon it down But now we can knock this night off. He's got a backup somewhere. This part is defended, and we can either keep bringing our nights over. Keep bringing a priest over week. Even at this point, we gave a very queen over and almost certain now are it looks very, very dangerous. I mean, they can try to push their poems forward, weaken trade, trade and opening up their king. It's better to keep our poems flush, more playing defense. You start opening him up to try to, like, attack the pieces that are attacking you actually end up hurting yourself. For example, leader, this Let's say they go. Takes takes here. We probably don't want to trade out this rook. Although we could We could just move the move the queen back, Let them trade it. We could just do something like this. Leave our queen up near the king if they want to trade off pieces, which is usually a good thing to do when you're being attacked because it relieves pressure . Now we have We have a dangerous situation that we're gonna bring our nights over and we have an initiative. Although that wouldn't be best. That wouldn't necessarily be the best. We got lots of different options of things. We deal. We could simply ignore this pawn here, um, and move our queen up and then later on, push up on up and be really, really dangerous. So it's it's a bad thing, todo they just need to play defense and actually, having the night be here helps to defend this pawn. But any case we see that the threat is becoming very dangerous, and they really have nothing they can do against this is threatening if they want to attack this palm. Like I said, it's already defended. They can't bring the queen down because of where this nights at our attack is gonna come faster and be stronger. So the key to remember those since you don't know exactly what your opponents gonna do the cute remember is a general strategy and the goal of each side in the opening. So we're going to attack on the king side. They're going to attack on the Queen side. And if they close it down, we want to move our night of the weight immediately. Play F five opening this upper here. This is our goal This is the kind of game you're gonna have. And of course, at every move you want to calculate because after each time your opponent makes a different move that, let's say, for example, I've showed them to make in the example. Then all of a sudden you got, like, dozens of different combinations. So you want to calculate each turn? Um, I don't just make these these exactly moves I'm making, but this is a really typical structure that you will see with these goals and these patterns going on, you will have this see file be open here that White will try to exploit, and we will have our poems marching on the King and we will try to attack. So it's kind of a weird, weird situation in a way, like you have this locked up center and you have, like these this Flink play. But it's it's the game that you get in the king's Indian, and if you if you like it, that you should choose it. If you if you don't like the kind of the chaos and the complexity of it, then choose the names of pitch and play the names of it and you get a solid opening that's a little bit more docile and calm in nature. But it gives you a really, really clear plan, as we learned and they both worked really well. So a lot of times just a matter of preference. But again, depending on who you're playing, it's once you learn what their strengths are, what opening day to play, you can choose to mix it up. You can surprise your opponent by playing one opening rather than the other, or playing a different pond break you played in the last game. You want to build a mix it up and change it up on your opponents and not be predictable. So that's another tool for your arsenal. I encourage you to practice this one. This is an open. You gotta play many, many, many times because your opponent can react in so many ways. Get used to the structure. But you want to be familiar with the various variations on the different lines that will happen. So you know what to do. In each case. If they go there, we go here. If they take what do we dio right? If we trade Queens? A lot of times people will not want to trade creams like Oh, but if I trade this wintry queens off right away and that's bad, you can't be worried about that happening. If it's gonna give you an equal position and everything is fine, you know, don't go out of your way to weaken your position in order to avoid trade in Queens. You know you want to keep the queen's on the board, you want to attack, you have to be willing to except positions as a board offers them to you. So if they want to go ahead and trade everything off and do this, you have to be OK with that and go go into an endgame with a good position and win the end game. If you're worried about trading off the Queen's, you may not make the best moves. And that's not what we want is not how we want to be thinking our thought process and chest should be. Let's make the best move and react to whatever our opponent's best movies. That means somebody straight off the queen's or to go into an endgame. If you're black and you get an equal endgame well, that is a successful opening because we've taken away the initiative and it's gonna be a fight. White has an initiative. So is black in these defences. If you can take that away and get an equal game, that is a success. 7. Lesson 7 The King's Gambit Accepted: the King's Gamma is a really good opening to play these days because it's one that has kind of been for gotten. Not many people know how to play it very well, especially as Black. They don't know how to defend. I don't know how to react to it. And it's been considered a opening that is now no longer sound amongst the higher levels of chest place. You don't see a lot of grandmasters using the Kings gamut opening because there are theoretical ways now that Black can refute it and maybe even get a better game, if not equally easily, easily equalizing in the opening. Although you will see sometimes a grandmaster play at McNamara, one of the top players in the world played it, Ah, few tournaments a while back for fun, and that's considered be very risky, sort of aggressive thing to do. But in club level play and lower levels of play, it's a really great weapon to play, especially in blitz win black. If they don't know how to defend very well, they can easily get checkmate or lose a lot of material. So we're gonna go. King's gambit accepted. We're gonna go over the moves where Black chooses to take the pond and try to hold on to the pond, which a lot of people will play, and an opening like this similar to some other gambits. It can get really complicated. Leaf last with, like, dozens of different variations, so you can't really go over everything in one lesson. You could really do a whole entire course on just one opening. Now for most of the audience members, most students don't want to necessarily go in that level of detail with each opening to take a whole course on it. But you easily could. For this lesson, we're going to show, um, the accepted variation and how white needed attack going. It's really fun to play. It's really fun to be able to attack the king in this manner. So when you play four and your opponent chooses to play E five, the move that makes it the king's gamut is F four. Okay, this was a really popular opening the 19th century. This is considered to be romantic opening, just like the Evans Gambit and Schliemann gamut, which we're also gonna learn about in the course. It's full of tactics and it's full of complexity. And while I've been talking about how, um and blitz, we often times want to play the openings that have a little X complicity suited to think as much. Well, in these attacking openings, you're going to still go into some very familiar lines. And you know exactly what you're trying to accomplish. Your gun. Attack the king and get a good position. So we're gonna look at a couple different variations here after Black chooses to take so black shoes to take this pond right here. Um, a lot of times since they've accepted the gamut, they wanna hang on to their one pawn of material advantage. That's a typical thing they'll try to do. Otherwise they probably wouldn't have taken the piece in the first place. So one thing that we've done here, though for white musics were exposed The king, his queen check. And actually we getting We can ignore that if we want to. And I'm going to show us what happens if we play Queen toe to see four later, which Bobby Fischer used to always play because his queen check actually doesn't accomplish anything. If we do play that moving on attack is very, very strong. But when you first start playing the king's gambit, it can be smart to play one of the more well known book openings and play, Um, Knight to F three here because it stops the queen coming down in making that check, and it puts our night and a good square. It prepares us to play a move like Defour attacking this pawn if they choose not to defend it. If they choose to make a normal developing move, which is actually probably a good thing to do, moving out one of the Knights of the Bishops, then we can continue to develop and we get a really good game and we can take back that pawn, and we have probably a better opening in them. For example, it's to do something normal here, and they say, Okay, I took that pawn, but they realized that maybe it's not a good idea to try to defend it because it gives them a bad position and we end up playing something like this. You noticed that all of our pieces air coming out and we get a really strong center, which we want just and we could do a lot of good things. We get a really good game. But like I said, most people, if they have already decided to take that pond, they're gonna try to hold on to it and pretty much the only logical move that that's gonna allow you to hold on to it. Which makes this opening really similar to the queen's gambit accepted. That we learned is to play this pond down here to G five, and it's already looking kind of ugly situation they have, but they are upon and trying to maintain that a pawn advantage. So just like we saw in the Queen's gambit accepted, we're gonna play this pawn move over here on the set aboard H four, Okay? And now if they decide to take that pawn, we need to take back or weaken immediately, play defore and attack this pond, and we have a really good position and they have a much of weakness is already and so it's not really good. They gained upon and made a bunch of weaknesses, and they're probably gonna lose upon back anyway. So again, following the logic since they decided to take and they decided to try to defend it. Usually what Black will play once they've come this far into the variation is will push this pond down and they'll make us move our night. This is a great is actually want because it's gonna lead Teoh really fun attack for us and blacks gonna have to play defense old time and probably either get checkmated or lose some big material. And also just being on the back foot, um, is not as much fun. So it's fun to play the king's gambit and getting these lines for white. And so if they play this one of the good things about us having had moved our pond h four is it gives us a spot for our night to move to. That's defended and also puts an attacking position. And so now we simply move the night toe G five here and most players will say, Hey, if I move upon down here, the night is trapped. I can't move back here because upon will be able to take it on both of these squares H three and F three, and the pawn on E four is blocking the night. There's nowhere to go so player may say, Ha, ha, I got you trapped. But in this case, we have a pretty devastating attack that we can start with. The Sacrifice Night takes on F seven right here. It's a pretty typical weakness in a lot of E four openings focusing on F seven lessons. We bring our bishop out with your night out and we try to get a fork here, which really only works with lower levels against inexperienced players. But nevertheless, in this situation, this is still a weakness and it lends itself to a lot of sacrifices. Get upon for the night and pop the king out as we can see here when the king takes back, he's pretty much totally defenseless right now. I mean, the queen of the night and kind of get in front of him if necessary. But we are in a situation. Where are pieces? Come out. We could give a check here immediately. We can take this pawn with our queen and have a queen being this really powerful position of being close to their king. Be threatening this pond and it can unravel very quickly for black If they're not careful and they've made some moves that lead right into what we want to get out of the king's gambit. And so, for Black, the best thing to do with these gametes usually is not to take them unless they really, really know what they're doing. But most people can't resist the free pond. Or maybe they just don't even know that they're going into Ah Gamma to take upon and they get themselves into a lot of nasty trouble. Now you're thinking, Well, we might want to play Bishop Toe C four and put a check on the King first and make the King move. And then we could take this pawn with our queen, actually run into a little bit of problems here because they can block with his pawn here. And even if we taken make a check, they could get their bishop out, and they can block, weaken, trade off the pieces and get the king in the middle. But you don't want to trade. Usually, when you're the attacker, you want to keep your pieces active and keep them out on the board to push your attack. If you're the defender, it benefits you to trade up the pieces and release the pressure. So it's a good thing to keep in mind. If you're defending, try to make trades. And if you're attacking, try to avoid that. And so all this still puts the king in a dangerous position. We got to remember that we've sacrificed a piece now, so we need to have more effective, dangerous attack. So it's actually better in this case just to go ahead and take this pawn instead of moving the queen out. Take this. Excuse me. Instead of moving the bishop out, take this pawn with the Queen and the queen on this dangerous G four square. So we've actually now we've gotten to ponds for the night. This pawn is being threatened, and the king is very very week. Okay, so that a couple things that black might want to try to do here they could they could attack the queen or playing night toe F six. Which case we just take this pawn or they can attack the queen by playing this pond down. Teoh d five, uncovering this discovered attacked by the Bishop. Either way, we can still take this pond with check now and so blacks doesn't have a lot of really good options here. They can cover up the king with their queen and defend this pond here. But now they haven't developed any peace. So let's say, for example, black. Thanks. Okay. I just want to cover up and maybe try to make a queen trade here because they're still up by a, um, piece. Well, now we can make this Bishop check move. And the Queen King really has nowhere to go. Now, if they block here, we could take another pawn. And we just get a lot of a lot of things coming. For example, we can take this with check. Maybe they blocked the check, and we've got a lot of stuff. We can do it now. Weaken. Trade off. We get the check here, Um, and it leads to a lot of tactics. And we've got this big. We got a big attack and really hard to defend. And also noticed, too, that we've set ourselves up for in the future. We can Castle, if we do Castle are rookies any aimed right at the king and so it's it's very dangerous. And then a lot of times black instead of moving that queen out, they might want to think of a minute. I'm gonna attack the queen with a night and get a tempo. And but then we can just take this pawn here with the queen. Now the night is pinned and we're threatening this. This pond moved to come out and so black it's in all sorts of trouble. So the key here is to remember that if we go into the accepted line, you play night F three and then they will try to defend their pawn. And you gotta play H four. That's the key. Move H four they pushed down. Knock your night off. Move it up. Try to knock it over, Get it out of there and you sacrifice it. Sacrifice it. And now the pieces air coming out. You get a big attack, and it's gonna be really, really dangerous for Black. Now we go back and play what Bobby Fisher used to play. We have to be a little more careful, but we also get a really strong attack. He obviously thought that it was better than playing this simple night F three move. So if here we play the bishop out First, we are allowing the Black Queen to come down and give a check. And we're allowing ourselves to be forced to lose the privilege of castling about putting our king over here. So you might think, Well, why would we want to do that? But we'll see that we're gonna gain some some time here. When you get a night out, chase the queen away. Our pieces are gonna come out, and we're not really in any danger or anything. I'm Bobby Fischer. Thought it was worth it to have this bishop here on this powerful Dagnall aimed here and to gain the time that is necessary. If Black chooses to bring their queen done, they really don't accomplish anything with that move. So let's say, for example, now Black wants to develop a night or develop the the bishop here. Well, let's just say a normal like this Now. We move the night and the queen has to run away, and it could back up here. It can back up here, but now we're developing with some nice time going here so we can attack this pond and we get a nice center here. So we're down upon but the black has moved the queen twice. We have a strong center. We have now this bishop aimed at this pond, and we're way more developed than than black. Black hasn't developed any pieces yet, except for their queens. There's another reason why you tend to get a good position as white in the King's gambit accepted, regardless of what you play, your pieces are gonna be coming out rapidly. And it's gonna be a lot more fun for you to play than it is for Black. And for some reason, just really love playing defense and being in a defensive position which most, most most chess players don't. You're going to get a really nice game here and you're gonna be ableto maybe push pushes ponds forward and an open things up on the King Black may try toe tradeoff bishops here, but that would just lose a temple. We can actually block our bishop in, make them move and then perhaps push, push his pawn for try to prepare upon push here or even if he wants to make a trade here. No matter what happens here, we're getting a strong center and black is is not getting a very good game. And now we're either going to take this pond back and in a better position or once again black in order to hold the whole lot of the material advantage is going to putting itself into its going to tie himself up into knots to try to keep it on. We can once again play this age four move. So basically, there's two ways to go. But if your new if you're new to the king's gambit, then I recommend you play Knight to F three here and stop that queen coming down. And then hopefully later on, um, you'll see that wants to castle here this rook aim being aimed at this This point here on F seven in the semi open file also lends itself to white having a nice attack. So just to show you how that how that might look if Black starts to develop normally here after we, um But the night out we can move into the center, maybe move his pawn forward. We get our bishop out, Maybe he wants to make it pin here on this night, and I say, for example, now we have a position where we're castled and our ruk is aimed here, even though we probably would have already taken back this pond if he ignored it. But we have a really nice strong center. We've got lots of activity on our pieces and our RUK is active, whereas black is not developed very well. They have this this business out here making this pan doesn't really concern us very much. We could easily break the pin by moving our queen up or you can just working anywhere. And the knights defended by the RUC so they'd be giving up. They're only active piece if they traded it. That'll be fine for us. Notice that this bishop is their most active piece. So trading and off here makes no sense, and they're not really making much of a threat to us right now. This pawn is defended by our queen in addition, tons of the night, so we don't really need to worry about it very much. Um, at this point, though, we would have probably gone ahead and taken back this pond in a real game. And once again, we see a really good center and we see our lead in development against Black. So if Black chooses to take that pawn and goes into the King's gambit, accepted is a really great game for White. If they make the mistake of trying to hold on to the pond with the with the pawn to G five move, we play H four and we go into a really big attack. It's a really fun game to play, and later on we'll go into what happens if Black decides to decline the gambit. But there's a whole bunch of lines that it goes into and take a lot of time to go through that. So today, well, let's look at what happens that they accept upon, and they end the great game that you can get for White when that happens. 8. Lesson 8 The Schliemann Gambit: Schliemann Gamma is a really similar opening to the king's gambit. Onley. It is for black, and so it's Ah, it's, Ah Away that if you really like the pattern playing the kings, Gavin, you understand some of those lines. You can play it for Black and the Ruby Lopez opening, and you get a similar sort of situation. It's a really chaotic opening, and just like with the king's gambit, you don't see it too much of the top levels. But you actually do see it more. Then you see the king's gambit use at the top levels and actually, um, vision on who was the world champion before the current world champion Magnus Carlsen. And he held that title for many, many years. He actually used this in tournaments, and he won some good games with it. So the Sleeman Gamut wants not considered it to be totally top flight opening that's used at the top level on a regular basis. It is. It is used sometimes and to pretty good effect. So what happens is is when White chooses to play E four and we open with our standard E five response, which is considered one of the most solid is what is basically the opening that you should play when you're first starting out in chess. You should play E five and you learn all the five openings, such as the re Lopez it to learn and the other course. And we're gonna go over some different variations in in this openings course as well. Um, when they play 90 f three, we played night to see six, and then this move here, Bishop to be five makes it the real Lopez, otherwise known as the Spanish game. And so there's lots of things that Black can do in this opening. It's a very, very old opening that has lots and lots of analysis behind it. But to surprise your opponent, you can play what's called the Sleeman gamut, also known as the the Yeah Nish gambit. Because that's what it was called by the grand master who first used it in Europe a long time ago with an American grandmaster called Schliemann. He's he adopted it and made it famous over here. So now we call the slimming Game it, But the move is and looks really weird is you play F five right here instead of playing the regular Marie Lopez continuation, which would be to play a six and either push the the bishop back or cause it to trade off the bishop Pair on, go into those really standard lines you will surprise your opponent. Most people did not know how to respond to this move. They may think, Oh, well, I'll just take that and gain upon or, um, not to spend some time thinking about it. So again, if you're in a blitz game and you surprise him with this, you will probably perplex your opponent and they won't know what to do. In many cases, they will simply take here. And when they do that, it leaves you with, um, some some good options. And again, it puts you in the attacking position and it puts white on the back foot. And so, in this case, you're gonna critical move. Here you have to play is to push the pond forward, e four. And if you don't play that move, then you can risk getting to a bad position yourself because his pawn is being attacked by the night. This night is pinned and now white is up upon But by playing this you put white into a situation that do a lot of calculating. Do they want to move there night all the way back here? They can't really bring it forward because they would get lost, taken, taken, trade off this night and weaken trade out this night. It's gonna be a really, really sort of chaotic situation with lots of calculating. And it's really fun to play. And while it does take time for both sides of your prepared in the Schliemann and white is not, you can you can easily make a big mistake. And you can you can win the game. And it is really fun to play, especially when they take here, because your next move is so is so clear to you. You push forward and they might do something like move the queen out like this and make a pin, in which case we can defend like this. Now the night has to move. The was it will be captured. Maybe we'll go over here to the side and get out of the way. What can do that yet? Cause we could just take it with our night, But they might decide to trade off this bishop here and then move the night. And then we put our queen in the center and you'll notice here that with our queen in the center And, um, even though we're down upon, we are ahead and development. We have opened all these lines up in in front of our pieces so the bishop can come out this bishops attacking this pond. So once the night moves somewhere else, we can take back. If we castle this way, our ruk will be aimed at the White King. And we can also take our night out right here. So, black species, we're gonna be coming out really fast and white is a nun developed. They will also be caught by surprise. Probably not know what to do. And so they take the pond. You get into a really good game. That's fun to play for Black. Not so much for white. So some of the other options are for white to simply play d three year and defend upon and to not take it in, in which case, we can bring our our night out here, um, and continue to develop. We're gonna take out a bishop and we're gonna castle so much of the king again. We're gonna have a rook now aimed at the semi open file towards the king site. We're gonna get a situation. We're going to try to attack their king from this side here. And so this is gonna be the formation that we're going to look for if they decide to decline to take it and play d three. Another thing that might do is they can play night to see three right here. That's other normal continuation will move. And then usually what Blackwood do here is go ahead and take causing the take back. And this is a well known line, and what we can do is weaken, push him away and get this going in the center. It's really complicated because of this potential trade here. And he's hanging ponds and do a lot of calculations which we're not going to do for this lesson, because it takes a long time to go over every single variation, but just want, you know, the main moves that you're going to see as black when you play this, Are there gonna be the pond takes? They played d three other play tonight Teoh to see three But again in a blitz game most of time, if they're not familiar with is opening and think I was gonna get a free pond and so they will take the pond. We want them to dio we push this forward and then we get an initiative pushed these palms forward. I get this situation all the time. They move the night back because they're they're kind of afraid toe put the queen there and going to really complex thing, um, or they might lose their queen. I need this really strong center and now you're threatening this pond and again if they want to try toe, hold onto the pond often times before supply. This move once again, as we saw in both the King's gambit and the Queen's gambit openings. If they want to hold on to the pond, then they'll play this weakening move here, and we can go ahead and play our, um, typical h pawn move and undermined the pond and get a good game. So the Sleeman Gamma is basically a way to play the king's gambit for black surprise. Your opponent, someone who's used to playing the Spanish opening and is not usedto seeing this as most people won't because the pretty obscure opening most people don't know it. And so it's really fun to bust it out on your opponent, and they don't know what what to do against it. And you get a really strong position. You get a good center. At the very least, you have a very interesting game. If you're tired of playing the regular Ole Ruy Lopez Spanish game over and over and over again, that Sleeman will put your put it on the back foot and it'll be a fun game to play. 9. Lesson 9 The Closed Sicilian: There's another really great surprise opening for White in the Sicilian that will really catch your opponents off guard, especially if they know the opening well, because these days everyone plays the Sicilian, at least the first several moves in a very predictable way. It's become a really popular opening, and people play the same line over and over again. What they do is they play the Open Sicilian, and I did a really deep analysis of this land. The other course. Learn to play chess openings like a master. It's been hoping that you really have to know really well, and it's just rich with theory, tactics and lots and lots of cool stuff that you can do it. However, there are ways that you can just simply avoid all of that and get a really good position and go into lines that most people don't know. So the way that this Sicilian usually works is after you play for and the opponent plays C five. Usually what we do is we go into the English attack or the Yugoslav attack, or some variation of the open Sicilian, which happens when night plays of three and then Blackwood either play to 96 or it'll play the Pond D six. Either one is really comments to say the night goes here. It's the older, more classical variation. Ah, usually White has learned by this point that you can play Pawn to D four, and what happens is a trade here. And then it goes into you the dragon, or they'll play certain moves that go into the Najdorf as it's called or whatever. And so there's a few of these main lines. The thing about it is we can avoid having to go into these complicated lines altogether. But skipping this move Defour opening up this pond and skipping this nightmare. So instead of playing Knight to F three, what we do is we play at the closed Sicilian. And so what we're gonna dio is we're gonna play this night here to see three. And at the higher levels of chest. This has played quite a lot, and it's very well known. It's really solid opening. There are literally dozens of variations, and this is silly in that are played by masters and grandmasters, but the lower levels at the tournament chest level. You see a lot of open Sicilians that go into the Najdorf with Pawn A six or the dragon, which I did a lot of stuff on, and the other course, which is really awesome, open and very, very fun to play. But it's complex and you have to know what you're doing, especially if your opponent is well versed in it is lots of traps and it's lots of tricks that you need to know. But if you play this close Sicilian by putting your night here and then fiancA doing your bishop this way, where you do is you basically set up your situation in your position like a king's Indian attack. The king's Indian attack is an old opening for White that's not very popular anymore. But that is still really good one to use against the French defence or in this case, we put the clothes Sicilian. We set up a king's Indian attack formation and then we do a really similar thing that we did in the king's Indian defense for Black as we're going, Teoh said. Our pieces up so that we can make a pawn push here on F two in front of the king, just like we did for Black with their king pond once the center is closed. So let's just say that black go ahead and, uh, continue to set up their pieces like you normally would a lot of times looking confused because they get so used to people playing Knight to F three and then playing Defour opening up and going in the bigger Sicilian they're not really sure to do here is they just set their stuff up, like in the normal way. And so we're gonna go ahead and and feeling Keto our bishop right away and play G three. So this automatically changes everything, and so they may play in the normal move. Put upon here two d six. We're going to fianca toe our bishop, and they're going to either fianca their bishop going to Dragon or something taken night out and just play the normal music, the normal woods. Let's just say that if you cut the bishop like they're going into a dragon Ah, we can do a couple things here. The move order isn't super important. The staging the play night t two. Or we can play d three first up to you. Um, but we don't want to play a knight to f three in this case because we're gonna want to leave this file open for this pawn thrust here later. And usually black will not be expecting us to make upon push on this side of the board and so they will not be adequately prepared for it. I like to play the night to e to first kind of keeps this night from coming down. You can trade it off if you want Teoh and put it there. They will put the bishop down in the field kind of position. We play upon up, we'll get the night and get ready to Castle on the King side. And we will also Castle King Side and again. The cool thing about this, just like in the king's in your defense, is that when you make this pawn thrust here on two F four, your attack is gonna be on their king. Whereas their pieces are all aimed at your queen side. So they're going to make it a Queen side attack may be trying to win some material, get a good position, but our attack is on the king and actually a new attack on the Castle King when it's feeling ketones got the feeling Ket owed Bishop like this is, um, more likely to be successful. This is a formation that works really well. I really like the fee and cut a bishop position, but when you're playing defense with it, you really have to know how to defend it. Otherwise, you can easily get in trouble if you don't understand the principles of defending with with the bishop in front of your king, they're a little bit different than when the pond they're flush. Then you can easily get into trouble, because in general, when the ponds are more open, there's more space around your king. It's easier for the attacking pieces to get in there to cause trouble on to do damage, so you want to keep him flush. Now, if you know what you're doing with the feeling kind of bishop, you make sure that you keep it. You don't let it be traded off. And when when the pawn storm comes, you let the attacker make the trades. You don't move your ponds and open it up. Mawr. You don't try to trade the pieces off, um, with your ponds, you will be able to defend better. But a lot of people aren't used to that. And they get scared. They panic. They make like one. Were too bad moves and they weaken their position. So at any rate, will Castle. It's soon a day castles. Well, and we're not gonna immediately make this movie. Don't really need Teoh. We want to get our our bishop out and put it in a strong spot right here. Um, but there's one thing that's nice to do. We call this a prophylactic move in order to avoid some annoying things that the black can dio is. We're gonna play H three right here first so that the night can't come down and the bishop can't come down and make a paint on this night, which is kind of annoying the night Come down here and threaten our bishop right? If we move it. So it's a good idea to move this pawn 1st 2 h three that keeps that from happening. And it actually will support our attack once you move this pawn forward here because then we can with the G four pond and we can push this up and again, Even though we movie on these pieces in front of a king, it's not gonna be dangerous, because even if the center isn't closed like it was with the King's Indian, we're going to set up our pieces. So their kings very well defended. That's why we're gonna put our bishop on E three and to control this diagonal going to our king. And we may want a scooter king over here under H one. After we move this up as well, keep it out of danger, keep it safe and everything will be fine. So at this point, your opponent can play lots of different moves. They can move their queen out. They can with the bishop out. Usually they'll be thinking about making this night jump to here. And it's basically generally pressuring um us on the queen side. So let's say they do something like they move their queen out to hear something and they want to aim it down this pawn. And now we can't move the bishop out immediately because we lose upon. This is something that might happen. A little bit of tactics s. You gotta be careful. So one thing you can do is simply move this pawn forward and avoid that. Although it kind of isn't the greatest pond structure, we can also threaten the queen here with the night making move over there little tactics we can do. But one of the good things to do in this situation and simple move is just simply move the RUC over. Um, this is a good move because it defends upon from both the queen and you noticed that this bishop is aimed all the way down over here. So at some point, if we move this forward, weaken, trade off our bishop or we can simply have this be defended and move this pawn up and there may be a position or a situation late in the game where we do ah discovered attack on this queen. So it's just ah, move that works well. And so it's It's simple that we can do So let's say they just continue normally and they move their bishop out somewhere like this in order to prepare them with rocks out. Now we can move our bishop over on e three, which is where it belongs in this position and everything we've done is keeping the nights out. They can't come here because this pawn move keeping the bishop out. And, um, what will probably happen later is the night will come down here to be four, and they will target this pond. Cause we're gonna do is we're gonna play F four and we're gonna move our queen over into situate this position, and we're gonna can't give them a little bit of an opening on the Queen side in order for us to pursue our attack. So it's a pretty fun and dynamic position to play because we're gonna be attacking on the king side. There were talking on the queen side, but we're taking them out of their preparation in the dragon that they're normally used to where we're both capsule on opposite sides or both attacking the king. Now, in this opening on Lee, we are attacking the king position, and they usually won't really know how to defend us as well when they play a lot of Sicilians. Not very many people, the club level anymore play the closed Cillian so it makes a surprise weapon and easy set up. And especially if you used to play a lot of the feeling kind of positions playing the kings , Indian of fans, airplanes, Sicilian, dragging yourself as black and then playing the Kings Indian attack. It creates a formation that you're used to, and it makes it pretty easy to make Ah, lot of good moves. So maybe right now they'll move there. Rook over Amy down here. We'll go ahead and play off for get this pawn storm kind of rolling here. Actually, if they actually did play this queen move here, it wouldn't be It wasn't a very good move, actually, because it blocks in this pond right here. So I'm just kind of making some generic moves. But that was something that someone might do threaten this pawn. Move the queen over to the queen side. Um, but the negative thing about it is that blocks in this pond so they can't make a pawn storm . But he's sure the idea of the opening Let's say they move this point forward and they want to start coming down with their ponds. We're gonna rearrange our queen. We're gonna put it here, and we're gonna put it on F two and then we'll make We'll make a battery aiming this way are currently supporting is pawn push and later on, it can also be launched over here to the side. Um can also make our next move, be G four, and then reroute our queen all the way over to the age file. It gets really dangerous very quickly. A lot of times you'll see your opponent do now is the movies night down here and will target this pawn is a typical thing to Dio. Um, in this case, we can either put our queen on D two instead of f two and defend it this way. Um, later on, we can look a playing this pond F five and trading off. Try to trade off their bishop. Um, we can also move this rook over to guard it, although that means we would have moved the RUC twice. Um, we might want to Even instead of moving the queen over, we could have first played his pawn forward. Might be a good idea, actually, that keeps the night out, and then it also stops this pond from coming down too far. So maybe that wouldn't be too too bad of a move, but basically, this is set up you're going to get and you're gonna push this pawn forward. You're gonna rewrite your queen, and you're gonna attack on on this side. Same thing with upon down. We can start expanding over here. This will be a move that black will want to play at some point once they can do it s so they want to prepare this pond. It one way they could do that is maybe to play this bishop down one. At this point, we can we can simply attack. They take take and now were in the driver's seat. And it once you get your attack going, I mean, in this example, Black hasn't defended very well the ones you get your attack rolling this situation, all your pieces will just flow. It will keep them back because your pawn structure is aiming their king and keeping them out. And you can get your pieces over really easily. Just go through the beginning of it again. So you know how to set of your pieces and you know generally what you're trying to achieve . So we're going to Sicilian instead of playing F three replayed night to see three close Sicilian. They'll put the night out. We will feeling cut or bishop immediately, and we'll put our night on E to instead of F three and go into King's Indian attack formation. They'll feeling kind of their bishop will play our pawn up and we will castle and look to play a couple prophylactic moves. And then we'll play F four at the right time, afore. And no matter what they do, we just keep our goal in mind to expand on the King side and attack and especially like the rest of the openings in this course. This works really well in blitz because your opponent will probably have to take some time to figure out what to do. Since he's not ready for this opening, putting you in the driver's seat, putting them on the back foot and giving yourself a psychological advantage. It's really fun to play, and I encourage you to go and test it out 10. Lesson 10 the Ponziani: one of the greatest surprise openings for White, especially and Blitz is called the Pons Eonni Attack. Now, I did a really deep lesson on this. In my other course, I'm gonna show you some some new stuff in this course that didn't quite cover because each of these openings is so rich with different variations and ideas, you can really just go. Go for everything goes deep if you want with them and the pond. Ziani is a really great one because the vast majority of chess players are not familiar with it. So it's an E four opening that is really similar. Teoh the Spanish or the Italian game at first. But then there's a key move that changes everything. So when you play 84 your opponent plays you five, you play night F three and they play night to see six. Just like in so many different openings. If we put Bishop to C four when the Italian aimed at F seven, if we play bishop to be five or in the Spanish now, if we play D four, we're going into the Scotch and there's many, many other ones that we could play and So the ponds Yanni is to immediately place see three . You know, this move does a lot of things. One thing it does is it keeps the night from coming down here and it prepares us to play D four immediately. And the move that if you're playing against a grandmaster or a master that they're supposed to play here immediately, when they see you're gonna play the Ponzi, Ani is they're supposed to play pawn to D five, striking the center immediately and putting pressure on us. Then if we take, they mean their queen down. They've got a strong center and it kind of short circuits what we were going to do, it gets their bishop out. They could make this pin. Maybe it does lots of good things for them. However, most people don't think of that move they had not used to playing is upon Ziani. Usually what I encounter is people will play night too. F six like this, and it looks fine because its aim of this pawn is developing their piece. But actually it's not the best move, and all of a sudden, white gets a really nice advantage and and really extends their initiative. And if Black makes a couple of bad moves, things can go bad quickly. So what we do is we merely play D four here. Now it looks like white can just take this pond. So usually that's a little deal. Take the pond now. In this case, once they take that, one thing we can dio is we can simply take this pawn back. And if we do that, it's defended by the night. We got a pawn in the center, and there's not really much they can do this night. Can't come down. It can't take. And if you look at blacks pieces, they got this night in the center. But they're kind of closed off. Having developed what we've got open lines for both of our bishops, and it's, um, it's good for white here. We can do lots of cool things. This is one way, but I prefer instead of taking that, I prefer to push on de five here and knock in their night back, and this usually gets them, um, out of there, out of the rhythm. They have to move their their night somewhere. They can't really put get it put it anywhere. Good. If they go to a five, it's on. The side is not doing anything and they can go here and they block in both the queen of the night. We're gonna put it back to their or exceeding both the queen and their bishop, Um, or they can put it back in its original spot. And so there's not really really good places to go for the night. So a lot of them would like to go to the Sykes. I don't want to block everything and don't want to go back. So they go to the side here, Um however, that would be a really big mistake, because we can just trap it by playing before. And so I played a lot of blitz games where I get trapped night here. It looks like it being easy thing to see, but a lot of people play it, So if they dio c five that bitches got him, see, for they go, hear, hear anywhere there, the trapped. So they can't play that move. So really, they're left with playing some crappy moves. So let's say they go here and they play. Um t seven other. They're all clogged up. We can attack this night, um, with his bishop and get a bishop out if we want to. We can just continue to develop weaken simply immediately take back this pond, which is a perfectly good thing to do, and they might wanna chase the pawn away. But now we have this pond right here of our up in their face and they're all clogged up, and they're not. They're not jelling whether pieces, they're not coordinated very well at all. And so in this case, weaken put upon back where a night back, we could do many things. But the point is, we're gonna get a good opening here. Both of our bitches will be coming out with a good center and black is on the back foot. Once again, they don't really know what to play. They're not really sure. Maybe they make this pain here, and that's fine. We can just like this and they're taking multiple moves to try to unravel their pieces. And eventually we definitely want to threaten. This night it's here in the middle of board, just something like like this. And now it can't move because you lose the Bishop is not defended. And if it wants to defend the night by putting the pawn here and now it's opening up its king, and it's getting kind and dicey. Now we can look at some tactics, um, bringing this bishop over even those defender right now. The night getting the bishop out to here are pieces are being developed and our centers really strong and blacks is uncoordinated. This is not overly a lot of good moves for Black in this opening. That's just one way that it could go. That's just one example. Another thing is, when the when the night takes here on E four, instead of pushing this pawn forward, another thing we can do is we can play queen to eat to here, and we basically sacrifice upon and we threaten this night. And so the night has to move and we can take the pond back. Or just we saw with a lot of the other gambits, like the Evans Gambit, The King's Gambit, the Schliemann gamut when they play. Um, if they play a five here and now they're opening up the King and they're trying to hold on to the material they got, but they're putting their situation in peril. And so here we can push this night off, we can take this pawn back. We can do some things and we have a really nice game, depending on, no matter what we dio, um, it's gonna be good for us. Let's say we just take this pond really simple. And now again, they're kings open Are pawns in the center there there situation is just not very well coordinated is not a lot of good moves. Maybe they want to try to get castled and get this bishop out. Now we can even do something like this. We can even, like, pushes pawn forward. And if we get let them take it now we've given them upon and we've really weakened their king. And this is really dangerous right here, early, dangerous. So we want to get this guy out of the way. Throw in this night if he takes it. No, this situation is very dangerous, is very weak, and we've got a lot of good things that weaken dio. So the pond Ziani is just a nice surprise attack, um, that you can play and you almost always in the same situation that almost always played Knight to F six year. Probably the best thing to do is simply play D four and then play d five. This is usually we get you the best results and too simplistic to play. It knocks the night back somewhere, and you can take this pond back. Or you can mess up their defense by pushing your palms forward and getting, um, a strong center going like you can put this bishop here attack this night. Maybe they try to defend it like that. Now you can set up a battery, attack it again, and there's not much they can do. You notice that they don't have very coordination of their pieces. If he goes and defends up on Well, now we can simply take this night, and it's just really, really dangerous. So I recommend that's the way you play it. Even though there are lots of variations when they take that pawn, you push the night off and then get the bishop out, get your pieces out, and then you lots of pressure on their center. So explore the opening. Go ahead and practice it. I guarantee you're gonna get some good results with this one, and your opponents will not be ready for it. 11. Lesson 11 The Evans Gambit: another really great famous and old romantic opening for the 19th century, is called the Evidence Gambit. This is one that was favored by Bobby Fischer and has still played, sometimes at the highest levels today by the top grandmasters. So it's got more credibility than the King's Gabin. Some of these other ones that we've gone over I mean, all of these air playable at the lower levels or the tournament level when we talk about the highest levels will be like a super grandmasters that play for the world championship that you know. I know the ins and outs of every single position, so it doesn't matter if they play it or not. But this is one that is played by them, and it's considered to be quite sound for White, and it's really just a lot of fun to play now. There's a lot of key variations. We can't go into all of them in one lesson, so we're gonna choose one particular line that is often played by black and reaction to our moves, and you just get a crushing attack. And there's so many different ways toe win that it's just really fun to play So just like the Ponzi, Yanni and many of these other openings you get into the Evans gambit by the first moves of the four um e five and the like. So we played you for, but you five play Knight to F three. They played night toe, see six. This is the great thing about a lot of these openings is because they all fall. They all come out of this, um e four e five combination that goes into the Italian or the Spanish with scotch. Very, very, very common opening. So you could just see these a lot. And that's a really fun thing about learning how to play them is that you get into him over and over. You have lots of really fun games, and you can control that because in a blitz game, an opening game when you're playing the most common openings and you know them really well , then you have a lot of surprises for your opponents, and you can get them in almost every game. So it's really cool. So what you do is after you play, um, Bishop toe C four, and this is the Italian and the your opponent plays Bishop to C five. This is very, very common thing to have happened as this really weird move here that you play that makes it the Evans Gammas. You play the pond to be four. He just give up this pond. So that's what makes it a gambit. And your opponent will say that's a very strange move. Why they give me a free pawn that they don't know. This leads to a really dangerous position for them. They go sweet free pond and they take it. And then what you do is you play upon toe, see three pushing the bishop back in the bush. The bishop now basically has three choices, and so one of them is to play Bishop back to a five. The other is to play bishop toe C five and aimed on here. I did a big lesson on this and my other openings. Course this this bishop move. So we're not gonna do that one today. A lot of people does pull it back and they'll put it in front of King here on e seven. That's the move will look at today. And so if they played Bishop to East seven there's a lot of things we can do, but pretty much all these variations, the first thing that we want to do is we want to go ahead and play D four. Because we put this bishop, we put this pawn here, um, for the reason of being able to expand an attack of center while the same time knocking that bishop backs and now a play upon two d four, they will almost invariably take it, cause doesn't make sense not to when we can just take this pawn. We have two Attackers on it, and so they'll take. And now we can either take back and have a really strong center, which is perfectly find. And we have our bishop being able to come out or queen be able to come out. You notice we get a lot of activity here in this opening, and it's really great. We're gonna get a lot of pressure. But the most aggressive thing to do is to go ahead and let them have another pond, which we're actually gonna be able to take back. So we're not really giving them another pond, but is the castle so that we can get our part pieces going. And now if they take this pond, which they invariably will do because that palms just sitting there hanging thing What? May's will get another one. Now we can make this nice move. They've opened up our queen to play Queen A D five here and now we're threatening Checkmate . And if they weren't careful, you know, this is this is what will happen and there's really no good way to defend it without giving a material. They played night t five to defend it. Obviously, we can't take the night, and so they're forced to play night h six and we can just take that and they take back. And now there's nothing they can do to stop it. There's nothing they can do to stop it. And so they're gonna get checkmated or they're gonna lose a lot of material. For example, they play here to try to escape the checkmate with this pond forward. No, we just moved here. Checkmate. So there's nothing they can do to get out of it. And so taking this pawn here on C five was a huge mistake. But not everyone is gonna calculate deep enough to see that the queen's and be able to come to this dominant position here on d five and threatened check May so that you can get people with this a lot. Okay, Now, if they do happen to see it and they don't play that and they're and they're worried, so they just do a regular, really think the night out. Well, now we take We can take back right here, even though they could take it to Parliament. Take back. And I've got a really, really strong center. And if they take this, we can get a rook out and noticed that all of our pieces are aimed of the King were threatening this night if he was here. Now they're really, really clogging himself up. We can just with the bishop back, and we have a lot of space to get all of our pieces out and to make an attack and to put pressure on our opponent. And this is the thing about these gametes is they give up upon or two. And you get all these open lines to get rapid activation of your pieces. And a lot of times we get a checkmate. Your opponent will make some bad moves and will make a big mistake. I mean, in this case, you're just going to get a really good game. You can feel in Qatar Bishop here and everything is under the king. Everything is open. We're gonna be able to push these ponds for, Let's say, for example, something. This and we are just getting a really, really good game here. We're just getting a lot of pressure. We can threaten it. Checkmate. Right here. Doesn't quite work. You can put that bishop there, but we can do a lot of really, really good things here. We have everything aimed over at the King and reveal to threaten a lot of stuff. That's a really, really good position that you're going to get and just briefly, Let's just look real quickly to see one of the other moves they might do that's really common. Didn't cover. This one is much in the other. Any other openings? Course. If instead of playing bishop to East seven, they do elect to play, um, Bishop, uh, a five. Which oftentimes they will dio. This is a good move for us because what it does is it blocks this a five square from the night being able to go there and allows us to play queen too. B three. And so we create this battery and we threaten this pawn on F seven and it's a really powerful battery here. It's very, very dangerous. And when this bishop being here the night can't come to a five and threaten our queen and Bishop making us move our queen and then trading out the bishop. So when? When This When this bishop go somewhere else. We can't move our queen here because they have this move nine to a five threatening these do pieces. But once it's it's the vicious blocking it, we can set this up. And so basically, um, Black is forced to put its queen right here, and we keep our initiatives. So now we can go ahead and just play r D four. But we don't We want the upon here to be explosion from the king, so probably going to take our time a little bit here, Castle, and they're gonna try to get their pieces out as fast as they can and castle. But we've got a really nice initiative here. They play this we can do something, something like this they can't really take. They take, we take, they take back, and now it's getting really dangerous for them. And we got a lot of good stuff. Weaken Dio. And so this is another quick example of what can happen. But you're gonna get You're gonna really surprise your opponent. You're gonna get a big attack, almost no matter what happens in the Evans gambit. And so, in this line, when they go here to Bishop a five, we're gonna set up a battery with our queen and threaten the king. If they go Bishop Teoh E seven, then we just go ahead and we play. Do you four immediately, Castle, Let them take big threat. And we're gonna have pressure on the kingdom under what's going to really fun game and a guarantee your opponent will be surprised 12. Lesson 12 Ruy Lopez for White: the real Lopez is one of the most important opens. You have to know if you're going to be a good chess player because you're gonna go into it so many times you're gonna play it so much that you really have to know the main ideas at the very least, if not really specific moves in specific variations. So first thing we need to learn are the first few moves of the route. Lopez, and look at some variations that will come out of that. So we play the four. Most just players will play e five. This is the most common opening in chest. You're going to see it the most, especially at the lower levels. When people's first learned how toe play chess, Well, they're going to be looking at what are the best few moves, and these are the first things that they learn. And so you play this opening a lot. 90 F three Knight to C six Now the rule Lopez, otherwise known as the Spanish opening, is what we play. This third move bishop, too. Be five right here, and we put a pin on the night or potential pin on the night It's not really a pin unless this pond was forward on the night is pinned to the king or the Queen's Year. But we we set up a potential pain and we put this bishop in this advantageous place. There's lots of different moves that could be played here. One of them was Knight to F six. And as we saw in one of the earlier earlier lessons, if you play upon to a fiver here, this is a slimming gamut, which is a rare opening that we saw but could be really good surprise weapon for black. Even I I am uncomfortable playing. It's a Sleeman, even though I'm used to it. I know what I'm supposed to do against it because it just doesn't happen that often. And it's aggressive and it just makes you uncomfortable. And any move that you make, or any opening that you use against your opponent that makes them uncomfortable. Put him on the back foot. That is going to be generally a good idea. It's a good thing to do. This is one of the reasons why the current world champion, Magnus Carlsen, has had such a long reign, and it's so difficult to play against. He's always a step ahead of his opponents, his super grand master level opponents, because he's always finds a way to play the most uncomfortable position, the most uncomfortable variation. And this is kind of like what we're trying to do with the surprise openings. We put people on the defensive and then psychologically justice uncomfortable. And then we pressed them and they make mistakes. And then we went, and so that is, Ah, strategy. It's a tactic that works really well in chess. Now, maybe a lot of you aren't boxing fans, but actually, boxing and and chest have some things in common. They both one on one combat sports. And even though one of them is only mental and the other one is physical, there's a lot of psychology involved in one on one game. Same thing goes for tennis and other other sports like that, and one of the reasons that um Floyd Mayweather Jr. Who is undefeated in 49 bouts, one of the reasons that he always one is he understood this psychological aspect of the competition, and he would find any way possible to make his opponent uncomfortable, afraid. Have some disadvantage he would. He was criticized for not choosing opponents when they're in their primes. He didn't fight Pacquiao and others until they're past their primes, but in terms of strategy is very intelligent. He Onley fights if he has an advantage. And so in chess we take a similar approach. We look for some advantaged, even if it's only the psychological advantage of our opponent not knowing the open opening very well or them being in the defensive position. It helps us Ah lot. And so that's what we're trying to dio. But the most common movie you'll see in the Spanish is they will play a six now. We don't usually want to take here cause we're gonna give up the bishop pair and evenly stack their pond. It's not generally a good thing to do, although you can do it if you want to surprise your opponent. Most Spanish players don't. The most solid thing to do is to play a four, and if they want to go ahead and play, um, be five immediately and push you back. That's fine. Usually what we'll do is we'll play night to F six and we will simply Castle. This is the sort of Ah, a little trap here. If the pawn is taken by the night, if they choose to take this, we can take our ruk out to be one and threatened them. They have to move back and we will get the pond back and have a good position. So, for example, if your opponent go free pond sweet when they take it, we go here. Now they can choose to do defend it, but that we can just make the night move in that case, And we could take this pond back now in this case that the night is his pin, so they can't take our night at all. And so it's really good for us. We've got a discovered attack here, so it ends up being a really good position. So playing, um de five here for black, that was not a very good move. If they choose to simply move the night back here in this situation now they've blocked in their pawn in their bishop, which is not very good. And we still get to take this pond back now they want to trade night. So that's final trade will give them a check. They will have to block it there, Bishop. And we want upon back and again. They're all blocked in here while we have more active pieces and a better game. So it's not a very good situation for Black. They're just not very many good moves. So they choose to take that pawn. White ends up with an advantage. And so a lot of players, if they put the Spanish a lot, they'll know that and they won't take it. Will continue to develop usual place upon out here or they'll usually play. Maybe this pond move here have also been things that can dio. But the key to the rule Lopez is understanding that the main ideas one of the main ideas or one of the ah scenarios is what I just showed you, um, letting them take this pawn after you, castle so you can leave a rock out now if they do this, obviously we only have one movie go back here, and a lot of times they will try to move this pond down and threatened to trap this bishop . But, I mean, obviously in this case, you simply play a four no problem. If they close it down with playing be five, that's fine. They just closed down their queen said expansion and it's good for us. If they take, then they're helping us to activate this Bishop, and it's ah, good piece. So that does not help black at all. And that's fine as well. Okay, now, a lot of times they'll also say, I'm gonna trade out this bishop and then move the night here. Finn, the bishop in that case is a couple things we could do. One is we leave alone and make another move like move upon up remover Brooke out. And then when they take, like, for example, a typical here they take we just take back with this age, Pontus. Fine. Um, they got the bishop here, but they wasted, like, three good night moves to do it there. Pieces haven't moved all the nights. The only piece that's out. While our RUK now is putting a little pressure on this age file and everything is fine. We have a slight lead and development, which we wanna have as white. And that's fine too. So we never worry about that move. OK, so all those things air normal and it's fine. Normally hear black gonna take the bishop out or take this part. Now, this is the most common move that you will see and they're gonna threaten making a pin here . Now there's two things you can do when you see that they can make this pin here. One of them is simply put upon out and a lot of openings This is unnecessary. You don't want to make, like, waste a move to put your pawn up when you could be making a more valuable move into the center and developing your pieces. In this case, um, you can do it because his pin could be rather annoying. However, in this particular opening in the real Lopez, we have a certain way that we're going to set up our pieces that we can chase away this bishop so it doesn't matter. So we actually don't want to play this move. If we want to play the absolute best opening moves we'll do here is will play d three and if they want to make the pin, we just let him do it. And we put our knight on d two. So this is a pin breaking move because now we can move our queen and they decide. Teoh, take this night. We just take back with the other night. And we haven't messed up upon chain or messed up our king situation or anything. So it's fine. And so what we do is, let's say, for example, it continues on like normal. We move our ruk over, I would say they castle, and then we want to move our nights into this position. We're gonna learn away to chase his bishop away. So they take the night we take back the queen. That's fine. It doesn't doesn't help them at all. The night is pinned, but only for one more move. And so let's say they do something like they want to do. What's Ah, common theme in the rule applies for black and move this night of the way so they can play C five. This is called the Morphy Variation. If you play the night back to here, so just say they're going to go into the Morphy Variation and they're planning on expansion on the Queen side with C five now, weaken Dio is weaken. Put the question to this bishop force them to do something about playing h three. And now if they take the night a game, take back the queen. No problem that we usually back up. And of course, we don't want to play. Um, g four here. There's a lot of weak players will try to chase a bishop away this way. But now we just really messed up. Our king sets really ugly. It's not safe. This will be easy to attack later. And this is not a pattern around your king that you want, so we don't want that. Instead, we just We play this night toe g three here and now we're threatening to trade off their their good bishop. Notice that most of the ponds air on the dark squares and this lightsquared bishop is a stronger piece. So were threatening to trade our night off for that piece, and so usually they'll move it back. And now we've got our nights in a really good position near their king. We've got both of our bishops aimed at their king, and at some point we can expand in the center. We can play d four and we get open this up. We're gonna have a fight for the center. Both sides have a very clear objective. They're going to be fighting for the center. Blacks gonna be more active on the Queen side. We are going to go more active on the king side and you have a very fun strategic chess game. But the key ideas here are to get your night moved over to this position from the king. You look over this way and to set up your formation. Um, roughly like this. If black tragedies, some of things I showed you pushing the ponds down, we play h four or threatening the bishop with the night we let him take it. It's fine. Nothing, Um, I didn't quite get to Was that if, after this they decide to play night a five like this instead of leaving it? If we don't want to stack our palms, another thing we can do is you can play C three because this is a move that we're gonna want to play in the Spanish anyway, because after we play C three and we played D three and overnight around, this actually helps us to play D four later and So this is a move that we want to play, usually in the Spanish opening. But now, also, if the knight takes the bishop here, we take back with the queen. And instead of stacking your opponents now we've got a queen aimed at the King. And it's in a in an active, post inactive position and then later on it, see if they move their bitch about and we do something like this, then we can set up our night on D to ever get a Ranger pieces how we had look to before, even without the bishop here with the pain of the night, we still want a Ranger pieces like So they may do something like this being cut of their bishop. This way. That's fine. Move a rook out and the game will take a slightly different turn. Will still want to get our night over here on two g three, which is a good place to put its a good. It's a good set up. And even though they have two pieces one to aim to this pond we haven't defended. So we don't worry about it. We can at the right moment we can push this pawn forward. We can put this bishop on E three before we do it, and we're gonna fight for the center. White has a slight advantage in these positions, so it's a really good opening to play. It's great for Blitz because you don't have to tackle that much. You could make It moves very quickly, and the moves that you're making will be pretty much grand master level moves. I mean, these are the similar moves that they will be playing, and you save a lot of time by knowing these formations and you get a solid position. Basically, what you're doing is you're waiting for your opponent to make a mistake. You're not really going to make any mistake in this situation as long as you don't just, like, basically hang a piece or something. So that is the way to set up your pieces for white in the Spanish and next we'll look at what to do to try to get an edge for black 13. Lesson 13 Ruy Lopez for Black: so the rule opens For Black is another really good opening. And even though we just showed you waken do for White to get a good game, Black has really good chances as well. It's also really fun to play. And so if you both know the opening, you're gonna have a really interesting game, which is what we want in chess, Of course. So we know the first few muse white blazed before, um, before we play you five take their night out, we take our night out and going into the three Lopez is bishop to be five. And so we know the opening. Well, we play a six, let's go back. We take our night out. If they castle, we don't think the pond, because it doesn't help us. Usually at this juncture we play, we go ahead and maybe five and push their bishop back just so there's no tactics that can happen on this night, and then we'll lose his pawn. For example, if we play this move here first and then white takes a night, we take back that can't get upon, but it's a little bit. It's a little bit ugly right here. and, um, it's just not ideal. And if we play anything else like I say, we just want to get the bishop out and we put it in this part here. Then when they take, then we could lose his pawn right here. And that's not good either. So a prudent thing to Dio is to simply play be five after white castles, push the bishop back and then continue to develop. Now, here you can either play Bishop out Teoh C five here or you can put it on E 77 is considered to be a solid conservative move. It's a good place for the bishop. It is opening, and later on it actually gives you the flexibility to be able to reroute it and fee and keto it if you want to. And so this is one of the favorite moves by a lot of strong players simply to play it here . Um, now, if White knows their stuff, they're either gonna play D three or C three in this situation. I like to go ahead and play C three and, um, keep this night out, get ready to play both Defour when necessary, or play d three and move the night over. So Blackwell Castle White may play play D three and then we will play D six. So the position is very balanced and it's close. Herbal size White has a slight edge in development because I haven't lost it yet, but Black has really good chances now, See, by playing d six, we've just opened up the position so that we can over bishop out and make this pin, which we may or may not do as we saw in the last video. If white nose with the doing the pin is not very effective. So once a night, um, from white goes toe to d two, there's really not much point in us Playing is a pin because they've got it covered. So it's kind of a waste of a move in this situation. It may be better to play bishop to be seven. You got to remember, in chess, you have to assume your opponents gonna play the best move possible. You don't make this pin thinking, huh? I'm gonna make a pin. And if they make a mistake and move and I'm gonna get the queen or if they make a mistake. And with this night, I've got pressure. They don't need to make a mistake. It's it's basically solved already. And so what we're doing when we make a move like that, we're playing Hope chest. We're hoping the opponent makes a bad move. That's a really bad habit to get into. You always want to assume your opponents gonna make the best possible that you can see. So with that assumption, we don't want to play Bishop to G four here and make this pin because they already have situation covered. And we're not really threatening anything. Really. By putting the bishop on the long diagonal here we are supporting an eventual D five pawn thrust here, and we're putting it on a strong situation so that we ever do open up the centre right here . This is gonna be a really powerful bishop. And instead of trading it off like we saw happen in the last video, if White plays that correct pattern and forces it to trade off or go to two g six instead are strong bishop, right, Because our palms air on the dark squares are strong. Bishop is on the long diagonal, and so that's amore advantageous place for it to be so once you put it there. If White nose, the opening will usually play look, too, he won and we will move on out of the way so we can play C five. That's an important thing to do, so we'll go ahead and put them. Or few variation like within the last one put night to be eight will play night toe F one and then we'll move our pawn up here to see five. I know this. We've got a nice pawn structure here and we're expanding on the queen side. We're gonna reroute our night back where it wasn't c six and they're gonna reroute their night to where it belongs on G three. So it's a really well known opening is a lot of strategy involved, and there's a lot of set up, and so it's really fun to play both for blitz and in long games because it's very strategic is not a lot of dangerous tactics immediately taking place. And if you if you want to avoid this, then you can go into a different opening like one of the ones we learned earlier. The palms Eonni or the King's Gambit, or if you're blacking and put a Sicilian against E four instead of playing E five and you can avoid this this position. So when you know a lot of opening is a great thing is you have a lot of choices. You can choose which type of a position you want to play, and it kind of puts you in the driver's seat. You can choose what lines you want to go down. Anything. No certain lines. Really Well, well, then you're dictating the game. And if your opponent doesn't know those variations of lines, well, then they're once again gonna be, as I've said on the back foot, the defensive position and you're gonna have an advantage. You're probably going toe win as long as you don't make a tactical blunder. Once we start getting get a chest, we don't hang pieces. We don't just lose pieces for no reason. As long as we're looking good two or three moves ahead of every possible combination than thing that's gonna win, the game is going to be strategy and not tactics. So in this situation we've got a really good game and we could start to calculate here. What if we push this pond for it? So white Scott, upon in a bishop to pieces on there, We've got three. So if we want to, we could do it. But once he takes their now this ponds hanging So the logical thing to do is to put the night back on C six that both supports this pond and puts it back to a good square. We moved out of the waste with moves pawn up, But now we're gonna put it back here, and from here, we're simply gonna have a good game. Why? It's gonna play the bishop somewhere, maybe here to g five. Maybe simply put it on e three. It depends on on them, and we're gonna look to expand in the Queen's. I may well support this pond push with a C remesy eight move and looked at pushes panem eventually. And this is the kind of game we're gonna have, maybe with root night over, and maybe we decide to push this part. This is the strategy that we're gonna use, And if you just know that in general the goal is to attack on the Queen side why it's gonna try to attack on the King side. We're to look for a dominant position in the centre on the Queen side. We're going to set up our position, the way that you've seen here, and you're going to get a strong opening off. White doesn't know what to do. As we've shown here, they've made a lot of really good moves. If they don't know what the play in this opening, well, then you're gonna get a big advantage. You're going to set up your pieces on the strong diagonals on the strong files and you're gonna expand the queen side. You're gonna gain space and have an advantage. So I just run through that really quick. One more time says you're going to have a review of what we need to do here. E four e five night F three night F six, Bishop, be five. But the pawn out it goes back. We put a night out, Castle put the bishop back, but the bishop out, they play C three. We castle. They played d three. We played the six kind of mere that move and we both reroute are knights and bishops and we go into the more free variation. This is actually a favorite of Magnus Carlsen. Um, Paul Morphy was a child prodigy chess player from the 18 hundreds who is an American. You toured Europe and he just dominated. He defeated everyone in his path and he played romantic tactical chess. And this old variation this to show you how old is opening is this old variation is named up for him. Would you like to play this night back to be a before we rounding up here to see six against and nine is Carlson, the current world champion, the greatest chess player ever. Basically, the strongest best player ever likes this variation. So that shows you that it's a good one and and it works really well. And so once you get to about here, it's up to you. Deciding on exactly how you want to going to the middle game and finished up with the goal is to get your piece is set up like this and then attack on the Queen side. I used to have a really good game 14. Lesson 14 The French Defense for White: So the French defence is one of the oldest opening. Similarly to the real Lopez. You can get really good set up for both white or black, and there's lots of well known book lines you could go into as just really fun to play because there's so many known variations to it. And if both sides know the opening, just as with the real Lopez, it makes it very, very interesting. On the other hand of one side knows the opening deeply and the other one doesn't. Then you'll usually be in for a quick win and you'll get a dominant position. So you pretty much have to know how to play the French as white. Because if you play E four, black will either elect to play E five, which we've been looking at, or if they play C five, it goes in the Sicilians. You have to know that, or if they play he six. Now we're going to go into the French. You have to know as white how to react to whatever black plays, and they may choose to play any of these major openings. And so if they do, go ahead and play a six. Then we want to follow up with before, and this follows the chest principle of trying to put pressure and control in the center. This is a major principle in chest to take control of the center of the board. So when in doubt, if you don't know what you're trying to do in in the middle of a game of chess, just think. How can I try to dominate the center? How can I attack in the center? How can I fight for the center, these four squares of the critical squares in chess and in some situations, as we saw with the king's Indian defense, the center will get locked up, and then the play will naturally go to the flanks. And so if someone is attacking on one of your flanks, well, then you want to expand on the other flank. But in general, if the center is not locked with ponds, you fight for the center, and that's how you get your advantage. And so what? What Black does here with the French offense that they allow you to build this center up and they attack it. That's kind of the philosophy of French. They play D five and they attack you in the center. And there's multiple variations. You can play here as white, the one that we probably want to avoid playing, even though some people do it because they want to avoid the complexity of other variations as they play the exchange radiation, which is where you trade ponds. Here you take on D five and they would take back. And I have a very symmetrical, very Droste sort of position. This is good for black because of your white. You have the advantage. You have the initiative and basically about playing, opening like this. You're basically giving the initiative away. You're gonna get a very symmetrical, very boring position, which is good for black. So you really shouldn't play the the exchange variation unless you just really, really feel uncomfortable in the other French variations. And some players do, because the reason that the French defence for black is popular is because it is pretty effective. Um, for example, the other variations that might go into in the most popular one right now is the advance variation. So why it goes ahead here instead of trading it plays E five and it takes this space and Black immediately tried to undermine the center by playing C five. This is a critical move for the French defence. They let you take space here is white and they kind of lock the ponds of the center button . They play C five and they strike your center. And the reason this is kind of uncomfortable opening a lot of times for white because White is forced to defend his pawn. So whereas Black gives us a center for a moment, then it attacks it and we have to defend it. Now we don't want to take this pawn because of black takes back. We're basically activating their powerful bishop piece, and this is a good opening for black. Now you notice that white hasn't moved anything out yet, and black has an active piece. It's the good bishop, right? Because the pawn structure the ponds air on the light squares and this is not helpful for white at all. So you don't want to take that pawn as white, And so your only other options are to either take your night out and defend upon or maybe depend upon in C three, which is fine. Um, but it could be uncomfortable in Black Has a very, very comfortable game here. So black may go ahead and take the night out. We'll take our night out. And then the move for black here is to put the queen on B six. And now they have 123 pieces pressuring this part. We have three defenders. We have to be really careful that we don't move any of these defenders away. We have the night off you with his queen, and they could take here and they can win a pawn Now. One of the important aspects of the French, though, is that while black gets this nice sort of, um, counter attack in the center here forcing white to kind of be defensive. They have this big weakness here. They have this lightsquared Bishop that is blocked in by its ponds, and it never really becomes an effective piece unless you know how Teoh either trade it off or how to open it up later in the game and get it out. And so this is the big weakness for the French offensive. Some people like to play the French despite this weakness, because It has so many other strengths, and they like that and other people avoid the French because they don't like having this glaring weakness as the of this light squared bishops. What's really amount of preference, what you think is the best to play, what you prefer to play, And but that's one of the things you have to keep in mind when you play the French defence . So at this point, White may play something like this. Play the, um, bishop t two, although there is a trap here that you can play if you want to. And that is to play Bishop to D three. Because if Black calculates, Oh, that blocks the queen from being able to defend this pond. Before now, I have 123 Attackers on this pond, and White only has two Attackers I'm gonna win upon. It's a huge mistake because White has set a very dangerous trap. And the reason that trap works is because it's bishop here on C eight has not been moved to d seven years. So, for example, if that takes upon, we take back and then they take with their pawn, we take with our night now we want a peace. Unless Black takes back with the Queens, of course they're going to take back, and now they're up upon. However, it sets up this discovered attack here, the bishop can go check on B five, and now they're gonna lose your queen. And the game is basically over. So this is a well known trapping the French defence. Although some people, if they don't study chest, they are not aware of it. And so the key for black here is to not be fooled. And if White plays D three with the bishop, don't take that pawn. You need to play Bishop to D seven first so that there's a discovered attack at the end and no longer works because there's no check. So now if we left this bishop province of the castle or something now black can take this because if we took back at the end of the trade, we would be the ones that would be losing upon. And there's no discovered attack anymore. So if Black understands that we set the trap and then with the bitch about now we need to defend this pawn again, and so we will simply move the bishop down and continue to play with 123 pieces defending this pawn Black will probably want to try to Castle, and the mover for Black will be to get the night out to he seven will castle and then put the night on G six. So it takes to night moves to get out here because now it's gonna be both threatening this pond, for example, if this one gets taken and trade it off and it allows the bishop to get out. And so this is one way that the French defence could go for white. But that's only if, as I said, we want to try to lay that trap for Black by playing Bishop to D three. So let's go ahead. And instead of playing that trap to Bishop G three, it's really not the best move because we're assuming that our opponent may fall for that trap. But instead a stronger move is going to be to play E two. And as you'll notice a lot of these traps that we set the not actually the strongest moves . They work in blitz and they work against lower level opponents, and it could be awesome. To win a piece in the beginning by knowing these, but against stronger opponents were not going to setting traps like this is much. We're going to be looking for the best possible moves. If we assume that our opponent is going to be playing the strongest move possible, we need to be playing the strongest with possible. And so laying a trap down like that is not actually the the best move. The conservative move is just simply develop your pieces and play good fundamental chess. And so by black doing that. No, put Bishop 27. Well, Castle, look at the night out and we will simply continue. Develop knows we can't move this bishop out because the queen is pressuring dishpan here. Which one of kind of annoying things about the French for white and why some people like to play the exchange variation. The opening that I showed you where you just trade the pawns off. But, um, there's a couple of do one. We could put the queen here on C two, but then we're leaving this pawn open. So one of the solutions this is simply pay be three and then feeling cut of the bishop, and then we don't worry about it. So let's say the night goes out here. We feeling Keto Now, this pause under attack, we got lots of support in the center. They'll get their pawn out and we can go ahead and just continue to develop. So this is a really, really common opening. At some point, Black will probably elect to go ahead and just take this point and open things up. So this is the situation would get in lots and lots of French defences, where you'll get two ponds locked up in the center and blacks. Lightsquared Bishop is still weak piece, but they've got a really strong, solid pawn chain here and a really good game on the Queen Side and which is fun to play for Black. It's an easy game to play. Um, they can reroute their rook over here with C file, and maybe we'll try to contest them on that. But they just have a nice sort of symmetrical and easily flowing game. And if they trade the pieces off, Black has a really good endgame. But White has some advantages as well. White has little more space because even notice our pond is reaching into their half the board. And so on the king side, we have a little more space. So one thing we may want to try to Dio is attack on the King side by doing something like rerouting our night. And we can play something like F four and push this pawn up. It just depends on what they want to dio. But this is something that you'll see a lot and one of the key themes Give us open sea file . It's gonna be locked up center pawn, and we're gonna want to be careful not to lose upon in the middle. And that's that's the exchange. Or see, that's the advance variation before we finish the lecture. I just want to show you what to dio. If we don't want to play the advance variation, the other moved to play is called The Wind mere. So you play night toe c three and and this is something that Black likes because they could make this pin. And now they're threatening to play takes on e three. So you have to do here. What's living this pin as you play e five and black May elect to take this night because it causes this funny look, a situation where you got a stack pawn chain. And it looks like this. However, this is not bad for white notice. Black has given up their strong bishops of black things. I'm gonna mess of their paunch and do this. They're not actually getting anything. In fact, it's not good for black. Even though our position looks ugly, we have a strong center and we've gotten blacks strong bishop, and there Leftover bishop here is weak. So this is why this is one of the favorite openings for White because they usually will play this pin if they take it. It helps us notice that down here, the chess engine is giving white a big advantage in this situation is giving us either one point, which is a winning position or 1.0.82 which is almost like a clearly winning position. And so this is good for White. It looks ugly, but theoretically, it's fine because white, um, has the bishop pair and black is left with a week bishop, for example, weekend on the next move, we can put Bishop toe a three. We totally dominate this longer. Agnos. Let's say it's not tragic styles of the castle. We put our bishop on a three. They successfully castle. Now we've got a pin on this night and there's no dark scored bishop to contest us at all. And so this is why, when you play the French offenses White, if you really, really know the variation, the strongest continuation, oftentimes, is to play night to see three and they'll put the pin. We do not worry about them taking that night at all. Once we play that pawn e five, it's fine that they take it so a strong player may still make that pin, but then just won't capture next week. Said they'll play the continuation of before they'll play C five here undermining upon we will defend it and the game will continue as normal. They will pressure this pond. We will defendant. Okay, so that's the French defence in a nutshell. But the strongest way to play for White you should play the advanced variation or play the night to see three not worrying at all. If they trade off their bishop and mess of our pawn chain, it actually gives us a big advantage of the do. That's important thing to know, because if you didn't know that, you might think Well, I'm definitely want to avoid that and avoid a really advantageous position even though it looks ugly, Okay, so definitely try to get it into that position. And if Black goes ahead and takes there, well, then that's exactly what you want. The falling right into your into your hands and next we'll look to see what Black can accomplish if they know the French defence really well. 15. Lesson 15 Ruy Lopez for Black: so the fresh offense is a really popular opening for Black, for good reason. It's very, very smooth and easy to play and we just saw that White can do to get a good game against it and to keep their initiative. But it's kind of challenging for White to keep their initiative and plague is black, which is why oftentimes White will elect to play the bad exchange variation which gives Black basically an equal position in the game. But it takes away all of the complexity and all of the pressure that the French defence has against White. It takes away the possibility that White will make some big mistake and the material was upon in the center or kind of just mess up over there on the Queen side. And so for blacks, ecologically, the French defence is really good to play. It's also good to play because once white plays e four there really, really used to seeing opponents play 85 or C five. Right now, the most popular opens air definitely the Sicilian or the Spanish or the Italian. So when you play E six, even if the French is one of the most well known openings and one of the oldest openings not as many players play at these days, Um, for whatever reason, it's just not as popular. So if you become a really good French player as black, it can win you a lot of games. And so here again, White will play D four if they know the opening, we meet play D five. If they play the advance variation. As you may recall, we're gonna play C five and we attack this pond. And the key here is to pressure the pond. This why it's fun to play for black cause you're the one kind of now has already sort of taking the initiative away from white immediately. You're the one putting pressure on the pond. They're trying to defend it. You're getting your pieces out here, and they have to be careful that they don't block in their queen with the night here and allows Take upon they don't move their bishop away allows. Take this pond. It's a little bit tricky, which is why, okay, that they usually take the bishop out. We take our bishop out the castle and we continue to develop, but that's be really careful with their move order. So they don't accidentally move one of the defending pieces away from this pond on de four or this poem on B two. So it just really easy for black. I mean again, um, if White takes here, we take back and next we're gonna overnight over. We've got a really nice position. Also, they have a week pawn here on the five. Now that they have to defend it just easy to play. It's easy to play for black. OK, Um however, I mentioned before that the big weakness for black in the French defence is this lightsquared Bishop being blocked in. So one of the, um, options that black has that is elected by a lot of strong players is instead of playing this immediate queen to be six and to pressure this pond instead of doing that, what we can do is we can play. Um, even before you put this night out, we immediately play B six here. We defend this pawn twice now with the bishop and upon, and we try to trade off this bishop. So, for example, let's say white plays a night out. Now we can play this bishop to a six and threaten a trade because the bishop is defended by the night and so Whites is Okay, well, let's trade it off. Because he didn't want us to take it and haven't moved the king and lose castling rights. Now we take back, and we saw the big problem of this position in the very first few moves we no longer have are weak, Bishop. And we got there good, bishop. So this would actually be a very wonderful thing to achieve. The very beginning of a really good chess player is opposing us. White. They're not going to want to trade that bishop off case. It won't be so easy. However, there's not a lot of really good choices for them. Once we played the bishop to a six here, um, how do we avoid the trade? We can push this pond down. It'll get lost. Um, we can move this night over and defend the bishop, but it still is allowing us to trade off these pieces advantageously. So there's really not much that why can do. They're gonna have to basically let these pieces trade off. And so this is, um a really good move for black. If they if they want to solve this problem, it's going to alleviate a little bit of the pressure that we have in the French defence against the center here. But alternatively, it solves this problem of the bishop. So one thing that white may elect to do so, they don't lose castling rights and they want to move. The RUC over here is simply the other night out. And then if we trade off the night, they will take it back with a night. And we've We've forced him to make a couple weird moves, and we've gotten their good bishop for are very, very weak one. And now we just continue with the opening. They're going to move the night back out. Maybe they'll castle with our bishop out. And, um, we've got a really good game here as black. We've got a nice space in the Queen side. We still have pressure on this upon Our pawn chain is very strong. It's very good, and we have a pretty equal game, except for the fact that we traded off our disastrously weak bishop for their good ones. We've got advantage with the bishops, and we're gonna try to try to press that advantage. Okay, so that's an alternative strategy for Black in the French offense, and it's a really good way to playing. It's an opponent that is used to the traditional French defense moves that we saw when you immediately play C five and pressure this pond. So there's a lot of ways to get a good position as black in the French. We either pressure the center as we've learned and make it uncomfortable for White what we trade off that week. Piece for whites, strong bishop, peace and we look to press both of those advantages. So it's a really good open toe have, and just like a lot of the other surprise opens that we're learning in. This course is a good one to play in Blitz because your opponent oftentimes won't know the best moves to play against it and we won't have to take too long to come up with the best moves. Essentially, we're playing grandmaster strength moves with only a few moments to think. We don't think calculate very much and we get into a middle game where, at the very least, we won't be at a big disadvantage. We will have a really good position every single time that counts for a lot in a short game of chess. 16. Lesson 16 Conclusion: at the risk of sound like a broken record here. I'm gonna go ahead and go over this Things that I said throughout this course that I think a really important view to always keep at the forefront of your mind during the opening. One of them, as we want the element of surprise one of them is You want to build a make our moves quickly and with confidence in the beginning. And the other one is that we want to have a repertoire of openings that we can play against any opponent in any situation. That means again, if we play e four, we know what to do against e five. Okay, we can play into the pond, Ziani and surprise our opponent. Right? We can play into the Rue Lopez if you want a more strategic opening. It's fine if our opponent elects to play. Ah, the Sicilian and they play C five instead. We know what to do. Either go into the regular popular opening of 93 F three or were surprised them with. We learned in this course we play Knight to C three and we go into a closed Sicilian and we look to play this pawn push from F two to F four. We know we're trying to accomplish their not as used to this. We could even play it immediately. Play immediately. Get it all going. Get it all set up the castle and we get this good game. They're not ready for it, right? That's one way that we can surprise her appointment in the Sicilian defense if they choose to play the French defence as we just looked at, we know what to do against that as well. We will strike in the center. We will play these strong moves and we will get a good position every time. Okay, so we know what to do against every single one of our opponent's moves. And then we even learn about the Sleeman defense. If they play five, we put the night, they put the night and we think Okay, we're gonna go into the real Lopez. But now we see the Sleeman with Oh, what do we do here? Do we take it and let them play this as we learn for a lot of the other gametes? Once you recognize a gambit, if they're offering you a free pond and is in a well known line like the King's Gamut Evans Gambit or the Sleeman Gavitt. As we've learned, it's usually best to simply decline to take it unless you're in a fighting spirit and you just want to take the risk and you just want to fight and play some exciting chest. Well, then, of course, go ahead and do it. But otherwise you simply would decline, decline it and play something like D three here. And then if they take you, take back, everything's fine. But instead they probably tried a fresh pressure it more. They'll will push more pieces onto it, and you can defend it and you'll play a good game of chess. But in general, I advise you to decline the GAM upon if you don't want to get, um, a lot of pressure and a big attack coming on you, um, right away. I mean, that's why these known positions offer upon as a gambit. They give you some material, and then they get a big attack. And in the high level of chest, they're known to be not sound openings, because if you're really, really good defense and you're a strong Grandmaster will then having that pawn advantage. If you just play defense, you're gonna end up winning in the end game. So it's not a very good thing to Dio, but at every level, pretty much below grand master level, even up into the strong master level thes gambit. Openings are still effective, and they still lend themselves to really big attacks because all it takes is one of your opponents to make one mistake, and then it's pretty much over. Okay, so go out there and practices openings and put your opening repertoire together. Make sure you know what to do as both white and black in all of these various variations. And as you get better as you win more games, you can keep adding more openings, Teoh your repertoire and, um, and go from there and chest is so fun because it never ends, has never a time when you know it all. You know, all the openings. You know, all the variations. Even Magnus Carlsen would admit that he doesn't know everything, and so that's what makes it such a fun game. And so I hope you learned a lot in this class and good luck going out there and beating your opponents