AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified | Youssef MASSIOUI | Skillshare

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AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

teacher avatar Youssef MASSIOUI, CAD and Methods Engineer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (55m)
    • 1. Lesson 1 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      4:19
    • 2. Lesson 2 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      3:14
    • 3. Lesson 3 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      4:19
    • 4. Lesson 4 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      4:32
    • 5. Lesson 5 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      5:23
    • 6. Lesson 6 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      5:08
    • 7. Lesson 7 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      5:38
    • 8. Lesson 8 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      7:29
    • 9. Lesson 9 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      3:59
    • 10. Lesson 10 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      5:16
    • 11. Lesson 11 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified

      5:56
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About This Class

Hi, welcome to this class? If you're looking to master AutoCAD then this is the perfect lesson for you.

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Youssef MASSIOUI

CAD and Methods Engineer

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Transcripts

1. Lesson 1 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: welcome to another chapter in our auto cad essential training course in this particular champ. So we're gonna be looking at getting you started with the auto CAD user interface. And in this particular instance, we're using a file called Into Face Stock. PWG. You can see the name of the file at the top of the screen, and, as usual, you can download it from the website and use it to follow along with the videos. In this particular chapter, they see the drawing itself is a floor plan with stairs and grids and dimensions and so on . We won't actually be making many changes to the drawing in this particular chapter because we're getting you used to the user interface. Now, the first element of the user interface that we're going to look at is the application menu , and you'll find that in the top left corner of your water can't screen. So you've opened up auto cat and you've opened up a drawing this particular drawing, the interface dot de WG file, and you've got the big red, a top left corner. Now, if you click on the little fly out arrow, the little black triangle there you'll see the application menu appear now. It is a big menu. Don't be daunted by it. There's lots of information on there, but a lot of the time you might not be using the information, but you've got important things such as new. So if I hover over new there, you see the right hand pain highlights and shows you the new tools that you've got a new drawing or a new sheet set. For example. We've also got open. We've got safe. We've got save as import export, and then we start moving into publishing and printing like so. And you've even got drawing utilities where you can work with the utilities to refine your drawing. File your DW G file. You'll also notice that you can close the current drawing or all drawings. If you've got multiple drawings open, you'll also notice that you've got the options button here. So if you click on options, what you'll find is it opens up the options dialog box in auto can. Now there's a lot of information here, and we'll cover that later on in the course. But the options are basically all of your auto cad settings that you use on a day to day basis when you're working with auto cad, I just like on cancel their so that no changes are made to the options. I'll go back up to the application menu and click on the fly out. Want small, they alleged, says two icons here where we've got recent documents or open documents. If I click on open documents there, you'll notice there's our interface dot de wg. If I go back to recent documents, there's all the files I've opened recently using auto can at the top here. I can search for anything I want to. It will go in search auto cad. If I type in line, for example, like that, it goes and finds all the incidences off the word line. So it goes to the help screens and looks for all the different incidences of that word line . You see, there's a lot off them, especially in the help screens in auto cad. I'll just delete that now and that takes me back. You'll notice back to the application menu. Now what? I'm looking at my recent documents. I've got ordered list. I can do it by Access State when the drawings are accessed by file size or file type. If I need to as well, you'll also notice. When I click away from it, it disappears and it takes me into that introduction drawing that I clicked on your notice . So I've now got the introduction drawing open I used previously in the introduction to the course. Now I can close that, using the file tab just there, and we're back to the interface drawing. That's how quick and easy is to move around using the application menu. So if I go back there like so, I can also change how these files look in the list. I can have large icons like so I can even go for small images or perhaps large images that actually physically show me the drawings themselves. You'll also notice says a little pain here as well. I can pin open the introduction, drawing all the interface, drawing on notice. When I hover over each one, I get a big preview screen as well, and it gives me a lot the location of the files and the version info on the date it was saved. So there's a lot of information there in the application menu that allows you to work with your drawings in auto cad. Any given time, 2. Lesson 2 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: So we're staying in the interface Stop d W G file and what we're going to look at now in the AutoCAD interface is the ribbon interface, a top of the screen and the panels that you have on the ribbon as well. Now you'll notice when you first start up auto cad and open up a drawing in this case, the interface dot de WG file that you've got the ribbon at the top of the screen and you can click on the ribbon tabs like so. So these ribbons halves allow you to obviously access all the different commands available to you and not a cat. So there's the insert. Tap the annotate tab, and as you work across, you've got Parametric View Manage output A 3 60 If you're using the Internet based a 3 60 drive, and you've also got the auto care expressed a lot of natural, the specific little funky tools that you have to do lots of little niche things, such as a line space move, copy, rotate and so on. Now I'm gonna go back to the home tab on the ribbon now, and you'll notice that when you're in the ribbon you've got these different panels. So in the home tab on the ribbon, you've got the drawer panel, the modified panel, the annotation panel and so on and so forth. Now you'll notice when you move over the title bars of these pals, some of them highlight, and some of them don't. The reason they highlight is because they've got a little fly out menu. If you click on the triangle there in the drawer, panel your notice, you've got extra drawer commands, and if you click on the little pin there, that pins open that fly out menu so it doesn't fly back into the ribbon. If I un pin that now, you'll notice it goes back into the ribbon again. So if you need to use those commands a lot more than just the once, what you would do, fly out menu, pin it open, and then it stays open for you to use. Now the other thing with the panels is sometimes you want to make sure that you're using information on one panel, but you're in a different tab on the ribbon, so you'll notice if I go to the insert tab on the ribbon. I don't have the drawer panel, but I may need it. So that's where you can utilize a wonderful little thing called sticky Panel. So I'll go back to the home tab and I'm gonna click and drag on the drawer panel and you'll notice it comes out into the drawing area. If I release the mouse now, that nail just sits there as what they call a sticky panel. It's a bit like a post it note you've kind of posted noted it into the drawing area. But the good thing is, I can now go to the insert tab on work in The inserts have on the ribbon. But I've got all my drawer tools here on the sticky panel. Now one of the really weird things about this is I'm in the insert tab on the ribbon. So if I now hover over my sticky panel, my drawer panel and click on this little icon here, return panels to ribbon, you would think it's going to now go into the insert tab on the ribbon. It doesn't. It disappears. If I go back to the home tab. There's my drawer panel back where it should be, So those sticky panels are a really useful tool. If you've got panels that you want to use on a regular basis, that need to be non tab specific on the auto cad ribbon. 3. Lesson 3 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: we're staying in our interface stopped D W G file and we're going to look at now in the auto Caddy. User interface is dialogue boxes. Now you'll be working with lots of different dialogue boxes in auto cad. When you use lots of different commands, I'm actually going to utilize a command called create Block. Now, create block allows me to bring up the dialogue box where I select some objects that might become an auto camp block. Now, we're not going to actually create a nought again. Block. What I want to do is show you the dialog box when it pops up on the screen so that you kind of know the former of a dialogue box in auto care. So I'm gonna go to the insert tab on the ribbon here, like so, and we're still in our interface dot pwg file. As we have seen for this particular chapter, that won't change, but you'll notice I've got the create block command here on the block definition panel on the ribbon. So if I click on that little fly out there, I've got create block and I've got right block. We're going to select, create block on, there's the dialog box. Now you will get lots of different dialogue. Boxes appear in autocrat, As I said previously. So what? We were doing this cases, we give up blocker name, and we'd set all of the settings in the dialogue box. Now you've got lots of different buttons in an AutoCAD dollar box. You've got things like the radio buttons here, where you might want to retain the original information convert to block or delete the original information you select, which ever setting you want to use. You'll also notice that you've got a lot of ticked boxes in the block definition dialogue boxes. Well, that basically switch things on and off. That's the whole idea. Off the dollar boxes, you're switching on all the variables and the settings that you need. So we may go into the name here, and we might want to create a block of our staircase over here so we might call this staircase so we type in staircase A. We then need to specify a base point, so if I now go to pick points, it will take me into the drawing. Even though I've come out of the doll of box it. I'm now in the drawing and I'll pick a point where I want that staircase to be inserted. I might use the endpoint snap there. As you can see, there's no way I could have guessed the coordinates for that particular staircase. I would then select the objects again. I coat into the drawing from the dollar box, and I'm not actually going to worry too much about the actual block I'm creating here. But what I might do is click there and drag on notice. There's the last so option in auto cad, and it's selecting objects that I might not need. Hold down, shift on the keyboard and click on the objects you don't want. And they get the selected like so. So what I'll do now is I'll just press enter. And these aren't the objects that I would set for staircase A. I'm just showing you the workflow in the process. On the whole idea is, once you've got all the objects that you want, you would then going click on OK and it would create that block for you. But the whole idea is that these dialog boxes are very different. This is just one particular goal of boxing auto cad. But the dialogue boxes air there for a reason. You go in and you set all of your settings. That way, there's something else that may happen is you may get a dialog box that you need to expand the little if you hover over the corners, in order, can do. You can make these boxes bigger and smaller if you need to see, especially when you got information like long descriptions, or there may be a little graphic in graphic box like that. We need to make it bigger. So if I click and drag, just get that little Bagnall arrow on the corner. There you'll notice that that particular window there doesn't get any bigger, and the graphic doesn't get any bigger. But when you're previewing drawings, for example, in dialogue boxes you can drag the dollar box and I keep bigger. Send a little thumbnail image gets bigger so that it's just a little bit easier to see. Perhaps, and as you can see, they all have a minimum size. I've dragged that to the left on upwards. That's the smallest size at the block definition dollars box Will go T Now, I'm not going to save that block. I'm gonna click on cancel. But as you can see, those dialogue boxes air there for your use of for your information, you go in and you settle the settings that you need in the doll of box for the particular command that you using. 4. Lesson 4 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: once again we're staying in the interface dot de wg filed for this particular chapter. And, as usual, you can download that if you haven't done so already from the website to follow along with the video. Now we're going to start looking at the status bar in auto care in the auto CAD interface, and it's in the bottom right corner of the AutoCAD screen. It's all these little icons down here, so, you know, just got things like grid mode, snap mode. And as you come across, you've got all faux mode. You've got polar tracking some of the more important ones of things like objects in that tracking object snaps and so on. Now those are all displayed on your auto cad screen, and they're known as you're drafting settings. So things like your object snaps are always going to be on so that you can snap accurately to the objects in your AutoCAD drawings. But you can switch on different elements off that status bar. Using this sort of burger type icon here and exit like looks a bit like a burger. You've got the top on the bottom of the bun and the meat in between click on those three lines and you can see that you can customize your status bar by switching on which ever status and drafting settings you want to use. So something like dynamic input, for example, you might want that to be able to be switched on enough on the state to spot. So if I click on that, can you see a little tick next to it? I come back down to the little burger icon here to switch off the customization on what your notice now is. Dynamic Kemper is here, and I can switch it on and off. So if I go to something like the lying command, let's say Home tab, like so and in the drawer panel on our click online. Now you'll notice as I move around the screen. Now you can see that the dynamic input is prompting me for the first point of my line. I just had escape a couple of times and cancel that command if I go down to my dynamic input now, and I switched that off by clicking on it, you'll notice it goes gray, and that's part off the status by you. Switch these drafting settings on and off. If I now go back to the line command, you'll notice there's no prompt on the cross there. No dynamic input because I switched it off and I can go into the middle of a command and do that. Switch it on. And as you can see, the prompt is back on the crosshairs again. That's the whole idea of the state. Despite is, you can go in and out of it any time when you're working in a command in a multi cad drawing. So I just had escaped there to cancel the line. Come on. Now, another one that is always very useful in the status bar is coordinates your coordinate readout. So we go back down here to the bottom, right corner to the three lines. The customization on what we need is coordinates, and it's right up there at the top off the list. There's coordinates right there. So I click there and it switches the coordinates on click on the little three lines and, as you say, have now customize the status bar. And as I moved across hair around, can you see the co ordinates changing? Giving me the readout of where the cross hair is in the auto cad model space. So that's just status bar, which is a very, very useful tool. Also, you'll notice on the state aspire that you've got little fly out arrows as well. So if I come down to something like object snaps and click on the fly out there, it gives me the option to switch on and off my running object snaps. So you're noticed there. At the moment. I've got Endpoint Center intersection and extension switched on as my running object snaps that are on all the time. So if I click on midpoint, I get a tick next to it. Which means that midpoint is now one of my running object snaps as well, so it will always highlight midpoint snaps if I need them, I click on the little fly out just to close it out again. And, as you see it closes the fly out menu. Now on those fly out menus as well. If we go back to objects that you'll see that we've got objects, snap settings. Now the settings bring up a dialog box, and as you can see, there's the tick boxes for the running object snaps again. But you'll notice now that all of the settings on the status bar are available by way of tabs in the drafting settings dollars box as well. So you can go in there and switch things like snapping grid on and off there in the drafting setting style of box instead of using the status bar. So there's two ways of setting everything up. I'll just click on cancel to close the dialog box, and that's how you can utilize your status bar to make sure that all of your drafting settings set up the way that you need them so that you can work effectively within your auto camp drawings. 5. Lesson 5 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: We're starting another chapter now in our auto cad essential training course, and we're gonna be looking at getting you started withdrawing simple geometry in what I can . Now we've got a new drawing for you. It's called geometry dot dw jing. And as usual, you can download that from the website to use to follow along with these particular videos in this particular chapter. Now the first thing we're going to look at when you're working with simple geometry in auto cat is being able to draw accurately. Now, in order to draw accurately, you need to utilize your object snaps and also your object snap tracking. Now, object snaps are abbreviated to oh, snap and objects that tracking is abbreviated to go track there fairly simple to remember ocean that are no track and you can find them on the status bar at the bottom of the auto can't screen. So if I just come down here, you see that my oh track is on there and my oh, snaps are on there now. I mentioned running object snaps previously for click on this fly out menu here. You can see there that I've got five running object snaps, which are endpoint midpoint, center, intersection and extension. Do not switch them all on at once. You will slowly go insane because it tries to snap to all of the snaps at any given time. Just use the optimum ones that you need side. They're all set up and your oh, track is already on as well. To click on the fly out little arrow again and that'll closed on the menu now with oh, snap, no track. The whole idea is is that you can draw and snap accurately. Two known points on objects. So if we go to the home tab on the ribbon And first of all, just check the layers panel and make sure that you're utilizing the objects layer there in the drop down menu. And you say that the rectangle on screen in the geometry drawing here is also on that objects layer. Now, I'm gonna go to the drawer panel on. I'm gonna click on the line command festival. Now, I can specify first point on your notice that's coming up on my cross hair there because my dynamic input is switched on. Try and have your dynamic input switched on all the time. It's a lot easier to use or to count that way. Now, if I hover here over that corner, I get an endpoint snap so I can draw my line from an endpoint object snap. If I hover there over the midpoint, there's the midpoint tonight. I can draw a line from there as well if I want to. And if I come down here, I can also draw a line from this endpoint snap as well so I can snap accurately to any point on that particular rectangle. Now I did mention, Oh, track as well. Object snap tracking now objects that tracking allows me to hover over up to seven concurrent object snaps, and I can pick into sections between those snaps. So let's say that I wanted to draw that line exactly from the center off my rectangle. So what I might do there is hover over this midpoint here, but don't click on it on, then hover over this midpoint here and don't click on it again. And as I come into the drawing center here, can you say I start to get these polar tracking lines? And now these are also tied in with my objects and tracking. So what I'll do is I'll hover over that midpoint again there. And as I come in this time, can you see that I get an intersection? Never. Intersection is my object. Snap tracking, kicking in with my polar tracking as well. Now the polar tracking will discuss in a moment, but you can see there with polar tracking on which it is on the status bar. If I click on the intersection, that's where my line starts from, which is the dead center of my rectangle, So I can now come over here horizontally. Get that midpoint, snap there and click on Enter to finish the line command, and you can see that I've drawn a line from the center of the rectangle out to that right hand midpoint without any need for construction lines at all. And that's the benefit of your objects. Snap tracking that oh trick. It basically reduces the need for construction lines virtually to nil, because you can hover over object snaps and specify the construction lines. Those green dash lines that we saw without any need to draw physical lines to represent them certain very, very useful tool Let's go through that one more time. So I'll go to the line command again in the drawer panel. And this time I'm gonna hover over this midpoint here like site. And then I'm going to hover over this midpoint here like So as I come down, can you see they intersect again? Or will they? They won't this time because I've gotten endpoint snapped there of the line that I've drawn previously, so that overrides the objects that tracking. So I can just use that endpoint there. I can come out and I can draw that line, say to that corner there. Click again on the endpoint Snap, enter to finish And I didn't say that's very quick and easy. So your object snaps allow you toe work accurately, snapping to exact points on objects and your, oh, track your object. Snap tracking allows you to pick a combination off those snaps to draw accurately between points and, for example, to find the center of the rectangle, as I showed you in this video 6. Lesson 6 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: we're staying in the geometry dot de wg file, and this time we're going to look at our polar tracking and also a setting called Ortho or Fogle. Now, basically, polar tracking, as I mentioned in the previous video, allows you to track by way of angles. Now what that means is your polar tracking allows you to set default angles that you can draw your lines along, for example, Now the idea of being is, if I want to draw some lines, I can draw them using polar, which and asked me to specify the angle that they want to be act. Or I can use orthogonal, which ties me to the X and Y axes in the model space. So let me show you the difference of those two. Let's use polar tracking first. Now you'll find polar tracking down the status bar. It's this circular icon here on again. It's got its own little fly out menu, just like objects that pants. And as you can see there, I can specify the default angle. Now. It doesn't just go to 45 degrees. That's the angle increments. So what we're going to do is we're going to set our polar tracking angle increments there to 45 degrees. So every increment of 45 degrees I can draw a line along that particular angle. So let's have a look at that. I was staying in the geometry drawing or on the objects layer. And again, I'm gonna go to the drawer panel. We'll click on the line command on. Based on the previous video, your snaps should already be sent, so I should be able to snap to the end point there and click now as I come down on drag the mouse like this. Can you see when I get to that 45 degree angle like so, can you see the polar tracking? The green dash line kicks in, and if you look at the read out there on the dynamic input, you can see the angle There is at 45 degrees. Exactly Now, if I start utilizing my objects that tracking and I hover now over that midpoint, snap there like so don't click on it, and then I come out, and when I hit that 45 degrees, can you see? I've got an exact 45 degree line that is halfway down the right hand side of the rectangle . So if I click there like that, I know that when I come down to this point here, that's gonna be 45 degrees that way because obviously it's symmetrical on that side of the rectangle, so I can go to the end point, snapped there and click and then obviously answer to finish the line command on. I know that both of those lines are exactly at 45 degrees, and they're snapped exactly to the two corners of the rectangle as well. So that's the benefit of your polar tracking. It allows you to draw lines at exact angles in auto can. Now, what about also orthogonal? Well, orthogonal ties you down to the X and Y axes in model space. Now Auto CAD is a co ordinate driven product, so it uses what they call vectors, which are lines and angles and obviously X and Y coordinates. It's not arrested based graphics product like photo shopped, for example. So what you're doing is you're specifying coordinates for everything that you draw war orthogonal does is it takes away the coordinates and ties you to the X and Y axes those planes of direction. So let's have a look at how that works. So you'll notice. Down here on the status bar, there's polar tracking to the left of There is also or foe mode. It's called orthogonal, and it restricts the cursor or for Connelly. Now, at the moment it's off if I click on it and switch it on, notice that polar tracking get switched off because you're basically tying yourself down to 90 degree increments as if you were using 90 degree increments in the polar tracking. But that's the only thing orthogonal does. It only does 90 degree increments. It doesn't do anything else. But the benefit you have now is if I draw a line by clicking on the line command, I can go from this midpoint. Hey, uh, I cannot deviate. You notice when I move the mouse, it's always going to be either horizontal or vertical. So if I come across here to this midpoint here and click there, I can't go in any other direction. Can you say I can only go up and down and left him right? So our press answer to finish the line like site. Now let's do another line, and I'll go from this midpoint at bottom here on the rectangle, snap to it and click on it like we've done previously. And as you can see, I can only go left and right or up and down. So when I go to that midpoint, snap there and click there. I know that that's an exact vertical line enter to finish the line command, and that's how author works. Now you can see the orthogonal or so is not very flexible. But if you've only got vertical and horizontal lines to draw, it's useful because it restricts the cursor in those two directions. You'll find, though, that 90% of the time you will use your polar tracking says which your polar tracking back on. And then just check your powder tracking angle, set it to the angle you need on, then close the money. Like so 7. Lesson 7 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: we're staying in the geometry dot did oh, Yugi file and you'll notice I've left it in the previous state It wasat the end of the last video where we drew some lines using the polar tracking and the author settings. Now what we're going to look at now actual objects that we might place on an altar care drawing in this case lines, arcs and circles. Now, the previous video, you saw me drawing lines using the polar tracking and the offer settings on the status bar . We're gonna have a look now at the line, commanding more detail and obviously arcs and circles as well in a little bit more details so that you get used to some of the more common components or objects that you would add to your AutoCAD drawing. So we're going to the home tab on the ribbon and in the drawer panel laying. See that we've got the line command. So I click on the line command and I come into the drawing area and see that my dynamic input is on and it's prompting me for the first point off my line Now, normally you would draw lines utilizing your object snaps and your objects Knapp track ings and make sure that they are on as well on. What I'm going to do now is I'm going to utilize this midpoint endpoint snap! Here I click once. And then I dragged the lines where I wanted to go and I click again. Like so to that end point there like that. I then press enter to finish and you can see there that I've drawn a line using accurate object snaps in the drawing. Now, it may be that I want to draw the line in a different way. I want to use coordinates, for example. Now, if I want to use Corden, that's again. I can use my dynamic input to draw a line. So let's go back to that line. Command upon the drawer panel. Now remember, you don't have to get going back to the line command by that you can press space bar or enter to repeat the previous command. So if I hit space, buying sits prompting me for the first point of my line. I don't have to keep going back to the line. Come on now, I'm gonna use the same endpoint midpoint snap hair like. So now I shouldn't see when I move that line around using the mouse. Can you see? But I can specify an angle. I can specify a distance. Now. I can just type in the coordinates. So what I'm going to do is Type 350 comma 350 So that moves me 350 along to the right along the X axis and then 350 upwards in the Y axis. And because it's relative from the start point of the line, it basically takes that start point of the line as the 00 point, so to speak, so fine, our press enter, you'll see that line goes up 350 along on 350 up and then as you see, or two caddies, prompting me now for another line segment. If I want to draw on now, remember, you can use the right hand shortcut menu, and if I undo here, I undo the last line segment that was drawn. So you notice on back now to the start point. Now, if I had used undue either upon the quick access to all of our top left there, the undo and redo that would undo the whole command. So if I'm drawn eight line segments, it would undo all eight instead of just that one. So that right click on under is very useful. If you're drawing lots of line segments, I'm just gonna hit escape there to cancel that line command like So Now let's have a look at arcs very quickly. Let's jump into arcs and see how they work again. They're on the drawer panel on the home tab on the ribbon. So if I click here and go to Arc's here, click on the fly out. There's lots and lots of different arcs. Now I'm not gonna demonstrate all of thumb. I'm going to demonstrate this one here, start center on end. So basically it's asking for the start point off my ark. So I'm going to start here and I'm gonna Then quick there. And it now wants the center point of my art, which I'm going to use midpoint endpoint there. And then as I come around, can you see there's the endpoint of the Ark there, like so? So what that's done is it's basically specified. The three points of the arc of start point, the center point on the end point. Now we can repeat that up here as well. So let's do that arc against start center end. So I'm going to start the arc here and now there's the same center, and there's the same end there. Now. You'll notice when I'm creating those arcs. Ongoing counter clockwise. That's the default setting in auto cattle on your drawing arcs always draw them in a counter clockwise direction. Now, circles obviously are related to arcs, and art is a part of a circle. And again, if I click on the circle, fly on the drawer panel, you see that I've got various types of circle as well. I'm gonna go with center radius, the default one, and you specify the center point of the circle first, always useful to use your object snaps for this, and I'm going to use that midpoint where the two lines insect. So that's my center of my circle. I click on I can drag out and draw Freehand Circle, or I can specify the radius there in the box where it's highlighted in blue. So I'm gonna put 250 Aziz the Radius and press enter, and there's my circle Now. Most circles you specify Centrepoint on either a radius or diameter, or you utilize other object snaps to place the circle. But that's basically lines, arcs and circles in auto can. 8. Lesson 8 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: We're staying in the same chapter, Nell, where we're looking at getting you started with simple drawing geometry. But we've got a new drawing for you. It's called Polly Line Start DW G, and basically it's a blank drawing. It's all set up ready for you to go, and there's nothing on it right now, apart from the layers. Now the layers are set up because we're going to be looking at three different object types in auto care, which are poly lines, polygons and spines. Now you'll notice if I go to the layers panel in the home tab on the ribbon and click on the drop down. We've got different liars for each of those objects. I'd like to make sure that you are in the holly lines layer, first of all, so that you've got that is the current drafting layer. We're then going to go to the home tab on the ribbon, which you should already be in any way into the drawer panel on. We're going to click on Polly line there now. You can just type hey L or type P line if you want to for Polly Line, but it's a two click on in the panel as well. And the start point, we're gonna put in coordinates this time using our dynamic input. So it's 300 comma, 300 like so? So that's 300 along the X axis and 300 up in the Y axis. Press, enter and you see, that starts at a point sort of bottom left. Make sure that you've got your object snaps on and your polar tracking on. We're gonna drag the mouse up the polar tracking line like so, and you can see that we're 90 degrees there and in the little blue box they were gonna type 500 as the length of that side off the police saying, See that we've basically formed the first side of our Polly line there and you think to yourself, Well, that's very much like the line command, or you'll see where it's different in a moment. I'm gonna drag across to the right now, and I'm gonna type in 1200 there and enter again on the keyboard, and that draws that side there. Now the benefit of poly Lines is you can add different shaped segments. So if I now right click for the next segment and Select Arc. You'll notice now that as I drag vertically downwards using the polar tracking, I can put an ark on the end of my poly line. And again I'll type in 500 making sure that we're going vertically downwards with the pilot tracking and answer. And as you can see, it's trying to draw another arc now. But I want to draw a line. So I right click again and select lying on the shortcut menu, and I didn't see that line can now go horizontally to the left, or I can just right click and close my poli line. Now, if I hold her over that, you'll see that it's all one element. It's a poly line on the poly lines layer. That's the benefit of Poly lines. It's a lot of segments. Join together to form the one object. If I drawn that using three lines on an ark, it will be four objects. Now, if you've got thousands and thousands of these in a drawing, you can see that poly lines make the file size smaller because there's less objects in the drawing. Now we're gonna go to the land, drop damn, and we're going to select Holly guns this time on. The good thing is, because I've gotten our care. That means that I've got CenterPoint around here somewhere, and we're gonna need the center point to draw a polygon. So we come up to the drawer panel, click on the fly out menu and select Polygon. Now the default number sides on a polygon in order carries four. I'm gonna change it to six. Press enter, and that means I can draw a hexagon. Now, as you say, it's prompting me for the center of the polygon. Now go down to your object snaps. Click on the fly out menu and just make sure that center is ticked and it's one of your running object snaps, As you see it is, in my case. So I'm gonna click on the triangle there to close the menu. I can touch on the edge of the Ark like so, or I can come in here like this to get the center snap. It depends on which snaps overriding at the time. If I go there, you'll see it's trying to get an endpoint there or an endpoint there or a midpoint there. If I come closer to the center, there's the center snaps, so I click there. That's the center of my polygon, the center of our own. Now I can have an inscribed in circle polygon or a circumscribed about circle polygon inscribed means it follows the inside of the imaginary circle. Circumscribed means it goes around the circumference of the imaginary circle based on the center point we've just set up. I'm gonna go for inscribed in Circle because then it will be inside my ark and can you see I've got a corner of my hexagon there. Vertex. It's called, and I can come out to the midpoint. Snap there on the circle on the Ark, and I click there. And as you see it's place that nice and neatly form. And that's a polygon. If you hover over it, though, it will tell you it's actually a poly line, and it is. It's a close Polly line with six segments, but the Polygon command allows you to specify a center and obviously the orientation of the polygon, based on whether it's inscribed or circumscribed. Now, last but not least, we're gonna have a look at spines, so I click on the layer, drop down and set it to spines. Now spines are basically irregular curves that follow a group off control points, and they use a thing called nerves. And you are B s non uniformed, rational. Be spine is the actual mathematical algorithm the auto cad uses to draw one of thes. Now the spine command itself is on the drawer panel, but you need hit fly out here and just pin it opens. So click on the little triangle, click on the pain and what you'll find. A spines are here, so you've got a spine fit that fits the points already on the drawing or you've got a spine with control. Verte sees I'm going to use this Sline CV with the Control Verte sees like so and I come in and it's asking for the first point of my spine. I'm gonna use that midpoint snapped there on the end of the poly line, and I'm just gonna come in, and as I click, you'll see those control Verte sees kick in. And even though they're like regular triangular shapes, can you see? It's fitting the curve to those control points, so as I come in and I come down and then I come up to this endpoint here on the polygon and click there and to finish on There's my spine. It's an irregular curve on. When I click on it, there's those control over to seize the CVS's. They're like, say, now, when I select it, you can see there. I can click there and I can fit it. So if I click on fit now, can you see it changes it toe spine with fit points with grips. But I can now click on on drag and change the curve off the spine like site. If I click there again, I can change that to control Virtue sees again. And can you see the control Verte sees can also be clicked on and dragged on. The curve will change again in conjunction with those CV such control Verte sees. I don't see why something like a spine might be used for contour lines on a map, for example, where a line is all at the same elevation on a map, but you've got points that represents that elevation on a map, so it's a bit like a doctor, Doc kind of idea. So that's your poly lines. Holly guns and spines. When you're working in auto can 9. Lesson 9 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: We're staying in the poly lines dot de wg file and what we're gonna have a look at now is zooming and panning in order to navigate inside. Your daughter can't drawing now you notice I've left the polygon, the poly line and the spine as they were at the end of the last video. That gives us a point of reference to use because we've got some objects in the drawing on . We can see how far we're zooming in and out and how far we're panning in the AutoCAD drawing. Now, the quickest way to do this is to use what they call a human interface device and H i D. Which is commonly known as a mouse. And you should have a wheel on your mouse. Now the wheel will allow you to zoom and pan. So if I roll up on the wheel each notch, can you Sam zooming in closer and then if I roll back on the wheel, each notch zooming out so those increments on the little clicks on your mouse will allow you to be accurate in your viewing off your autocad drawing now also as well, you can hold down the mouse wheel on a little hand will appear. Keep the mouse wheel held down and move the mouse, and you can see that you can pan around now. The benefit you've got there is you consume in real close, hold down the wheel and then pan real close as well, so that you can see the detail of your old cad drawing. Now, when I look at that drawing now, I kind of feel a little bit lost. I don't know where I am in the drawing. Another thing you can do is you can double click on the wheel off the mouse as a button. If I double click. That does zoom extents, which zooms to the extent of the visible, drawn objects in your auto cad drawing. If I roll back a few notches, ng cr zoom out and see overall all of the objects in my cat drawing. Now that's using the mouse itself. If I right click on the mouse, I've also got really time pan and zoom here as well. So let's select pan on the shortcut menu. You'll see the hand appear, and if I click and hold on the left hand mouse button can you see the hand kind of grips the drawing? And then when I move the mouse, I'm panning again like I was previously. But when I released the mouse button, I'm still in pan, so I need to right click on, Perhaps change that to zoom and go to real time. Seem I now have a magnifying glass again. Left time mouse button. Hold it down, move up you zoom in, moved down museum out. No, to the little positive and minus symbols there. Can you see positive and negative showing you where you're zooming in and zooming out again , though if I release the mouse button, I'm still in real time Zoom. So I need to right click to get to the shortcut menu and then exit real time pan and zoom. And then I'm back with my cross hair. Now there are lots of different zoom commands available to you, which I won't go into here. But if you go to the navigation bar here and just click on this little sort of fly out menu here, there's all these different zoom commands available. Now zoom extents I've mentioned that's the one where if you double click on the mouse. Well, it seems to the extents off the objects in the drawing. Zoom window is one that I will quickly cover here now, and that allows you to pick a window, so specify first corner click. Drag the window around the area you want to zoom into click again, and it zooms you into the extents of that window you just specified. If I were to double click on the wheel of the mouse that takes me back and doesn't zoom extents to the visible objects in the drawing, the extents off the visible objects in the drawing. I roll back on the wheel a couple of notches, and we're back to the view that we had previously. So you know, I just There's lots of different ways of navigating in your autocad drawing. You can use the navigation bar with zoom commands. You can right click and use the zoom pan on the shortcut menu. Or you can just utilize your mouse effectively to zoom and pan in your auto cad drawing 10. Lesson 10 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: We're starting a new chapter now in our auto cad essential course. And what we're gonna look at now is getting you started with annotating some simple auto cad designs. They only just got a new drawing for you. It's called annotation dot d w G. And as usual, you can download that from the website to follow along with the videos in this chapter. Now this particular drawing, the annotation dot de WG drawing, is showing a little bolting plate with three holes in it on. What we're going to do is we're gonna annotate that with some text and some dimensions to make it into a simple design where we're communicating our design intense by way of providing the appropriate annotation. People need to know how big the holes are, how big the plate is, and so on. Now, the first thing you need when you're setting up annotation, especially text in auto cad, is you need to look at your text styles. Now you're noticing the layers panel there in the home tab on the ribbon were already in the text layer. So if you're not in the text lion, make sure you select it from the drop down like so Now we're not gonna place any texture. What we're going to do is we're going to set up on appropriate text style. Now you can get to this in two ways. You can use the home tab on the ribbon, click on the fly out here on the annotation panel and there's your text style icon there. Or you can go to the annotate tab on the ribbon into the text panel here and see this little diagonal arrow here if you click there, that also opens up the text style of dialogue box. So I just cancel that. Now I'm going to go back to the home tab. That's my preference, because I think about things like draw and modify available as well. If I need them, I'm gonna click on the fly out here and select my text style icon, and that opens up the textile garland box. Now you'll notice you've got some default textiles in there already. You've got standard on an initative now. Don't worry about initative will cover annotated scaling later on in the course which is going to utilize the standard text are for the moment, which currently uses the font, Ariel. Now you know, just little t teen extract. That means it's a true type font. So you've got things like Ariel, the Donner Times, New Roman. Basically anything you've got in Windows, which is obviously your operating system, you should be able to get in order. Cater's well, all those true tight phones. Now the front name that I'm going to select is going to be Vidana. Now, when I click on that pull down menu there, can you see it lists all of the funds. Now if I want vagina, that's right down near the bottom of the alphabet. If I just type V on the keyboard, can you see that? It takes me to the first font that begins with the If I press a V again, can you say it's going down the list so I can pick whichever one I'm going to select? Verdana, which has got me there nice and quickly on my font style. I'm going to change it to italic and you'll notice that changes in the little preview bottom left. Now I don't want it to be annotated because I'm placing the text in the model tab in order cared, so I don't need that to be initative. And I'm gonna leave the height of zero. So Auto Candle will always prompt me for the height of my text that I place in the drawing . Now, I've got some really cool effects. Were text as well, especially in my textiles. I could make the text upside down. I could have it backwards. I can change the wit factor to say no 0.5. And you're not just that everything changes. I can flip that back the other way. And oblique angle. I can change it to say 45 degrees and obliques over at 45 degrees. Now the wit factor there, I'm gonna set that back toe one and the oblique angle. I'm going to sell it back to zero so that I've got my regular Vidana italic font again. Now I'm gonna apply that as a new style. I don't want to change the standard one, because what I'm doing at the moment, I'm changing the standard one. So just click on cancel there to make sure that you don't change one of your default textiles and then go back to annotation and click on textile again what you want to do. If you want to change a textile, set up a new one, click on New like that and then we'll call it something like Let's say training, for example, I'll click on OK, then we go back to the Vidana like sign. Change it to italic, and then we've got a separate text style. Don't ever change your default once, but you never know when you might need them. So again, height zero annotate Yvonne Ticked. I'm not gonna worry about any of the effects on. I'm going to apply that. Then I can select it from the list set as the current textile, like so and then close the dialog box. Notice there's no Okay, you close it. And then if I go to the fly out here, Can you see now that I'm using training as my current textile took on the fly out there, I've also got an initative and standard I want training. The most thing is you get a nice little preview. If you want to manage your textiles, click there takes you back to the textile Garlock box. I'll just click on cancel Close that. So we've now set up our default textile. We're now ready to start thinking about placing text in our auto cad drawing 11. Lesson 11 - AutoCAD Course - From beginner to Certified: I was staying in our annotation dot de wg file on in the previous video. We set up our text style, so just make sure that you're utilizing your new textile. You can do that in the home tab on the ribbon, click on the annotation, fly out. Just make sure that your textile there is set to training like so. Also, make sure that the appropriate layer is being used. Make sure that you're using your text layer to place text on your AutoCAD drawing. Now what we're going to do is we're going to place a little label underneath are bolting plate and we're going to use single line text now single line text difference from the other type of text in order cared multi line text and you'll see the differences. They become very apparent visually on the drawing in a moment when I show you how to place each one. So we're gonna go to the annotation panel on the home tab on the ribbon click on the fly out here on select single line tanks. You can also do this from the annotate tab on the ribbon. If you wish. So single line there it's asking for a start point of the text. I'm just gonna pick a point just under here underneath our little bolting plight, and I shouldn't say it's now prompting me for the high. If you move the mouse around, can you see there? It's asking me to specify the high. If you get close to the points, can you see? It's just things like polar tracking and objects That's just move away a little bit. There's the height there. I'm going to give it 50 high 50 units in this particular drawing on Enter and then it last for the rotation angle. Do you want it at zero, which is horizontal or coming around at 45 degrees on 90 degrees and so on? Make sure you just press enter to accept zero so that its horizontal. Now you get a little flashing Kirsten. They'll feel single long text. So I'm gonna type in now the name of my object in the drawing, which is the bolting plate. And as you can see that it's red because it's on the text layer and it's utilizing my training textile. Now a single line text while on press enter takes me down to the next line of single line text, and each line of text is an individual object. So if I put bolting plate and then I could plan, let's say on then enter once again to take me to the next line down. If I press enter without any text, it closes out the single line text command. Now, if I hover over each of these, can you see? That's one object. That's another object. So what we'll do is well is well, now put some little notes next to our bolting plate, but will use multi line ticks. So again, annotation panel click on the fly out, multi line text. You know, just I've gotten ABC on the cross head. That's just so I've got an indication of what the text will look like in my multi line text area. So it's now asking me to specify First Corner. I'm gonna go over here to the right click once and drag a window that my text is going toe occupying and click again. Now, As soon as I do that, you'll notice some quite dramatic changes in the actual screen. They'll you'll notice now that we have a text editor Contextual tab in the ribbon with all of my different settings for my multi line text. So I've got things like style formatting, paragraph settings, bullets and numbering insert spellcheck and so on. You can see that multi line text is very much like Microsoft Word, for example, on that's the whole idea of it. It's meant to give you almost like a word processor built into auto care. One little helpful point that can you see the flashing cursor in the area where you're going to place the text? Always, always, always. Just click inside that editor space before you start typing. Then auto Cad knows that you're ready to add the text, so I'm going to use the same textile and you'll notice it's adopted the 50 height over in this style panel of the text editor tap. You just sit there above the word mask. There's 50 there, so it's remembered the height 50 from the single line text, so I'm just gonna put notes like that. Maybe put a coat on there and then press enter. This time it takes me to the next line down, but it's all one object. Each of these lines of multi line text form one multi loan text object. So I might want to put some bullets and numbering in their side, up to the paragraph panel. Click on the fly out and say numbered and it puts one. Can you see that there? I'm just gonna put all dimensions in millimeters now have started typing, but nothing's coming up on the screen again. Click in the editing area first, and then it remembers that you meant to be typing soccer all dims in millimeters. Now you'll notice there. Can you see it's gone to the edge of this space that I've recommended that I've kind of created there in the drawing. I'm gonna put a full stop there and press enter takes me down to the next numbered point. So we've got all dimensions in millimeters and we'll leave it at that. But what I can do is I can highlight notes, for example, make that bold and underline it using the formatting panel and they want to click away from my text. You see there that the text is all one object when I hover over it Now, if I click on it once, can you see there. I've got some arrows on. What I can do is I can click on this aero here and it changes the width. Like, say, I can make that all very narrow and looked very weird. Or I can stretch it out. I'm gonna hit escape a couple of times and just pan across a little bit on then, without the View Cube here being in the way, I can click, click and drag. And that just looks a bit neater like that all dimensions in millimeters all on one line I had escaped to de select on that is my multi line text in place for my notes on the bolting plate plan title is all set up in single line text at the bottom there.