Audacity Beginner Course - Record and Edit Audio for Podcasts, Music & More | Yan Springett | Skillshare

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Audacity Beginner Course - Record and Edit Audio for Podcasts, Music & More

teacher avatar Yan Springett, Music Production and Marketing

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

20 Lessons (1h 24m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Download and Install Audacity

    • 3. Quick Overview

    • 4. Settings To Get Started

    • 5. Record Audio

    • 6. Generating Sounds

    • 7. Import Audio

    • 8. Playback

    • 9. Working With Mono and Stereo Tracks

    • 10. Editing Audio

    • 11. Amplify Effect

    • 12. Auto Duck Effect

    • 13. Reverb Effect

    • 14. Compressor Effect

    • 15. Equalizer Effect

    • 16. Noise Reduction Effect

    • 17. Fade In and Fade Out Effect

    • 18. Other Effects

    • 19. Exporting

    • 20. Outro

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About This Class

What is this class about?

It's all about recording and editing audio with the free software Audacity. Since it is a course for beginners you don’t need any previous knowledge about music production and it will guide you all along from installing the software, learning its interface, recording audio, editing it, later on, and adding effects like reverb, compression and fade in/fade out effects. Furthermore, you will learn some unique effects like audio duck effect and how to work and mix with several tracks in one project.

For who is this class?

The course is great for people, who want to make their own podcasts, record and mix a song/music and aren't familiar with Audacity or topics related to music production. However, it is also good for everybody, who wants to create an audio advertisement or interview.


There are some exercise files included for you to download so you can simply follow along and memorize the topics better.

Meet Your Teacher

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Yan Springett

Music Production and Marketing


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1. Introduction: Hey there, I'm Yan, I'm a music producer and music marketing specialist. And today I will show you how to get started in Audacity. Audacity is a free open-source program which you can download. And it is an audio editor where you can import, record, edit, and mix different tracks together and export in nature on as an MP3 WAV file or even more for this class, you don't need to know anything about music editing or music production at all. The only thing you basically need is a laptop, some Internet, and maybe a microphone that will definitely help everything. I have added some exercise files for you. Feel free to download them and just follow along, since it will probably help you just to memorize everything a bit better. And maybe there is a question or two. So definitely feel free to ask me anything. And I'll just say we're probably ready to go. So yep. 2. Download and Install Audacity: So first of all, you probably need to install Audacity. So you can do that by going on www dot udacity And you'll see a big blue download Audacity button right on the website. So you can just simply press that. And within five seconds I think a download will start. So you don't even have to be aware of the software, software, the operating system you have installed on your laptop or computer. Since usually it'll recognize it by itself. So in my case, I've got a Mac and I can just simply wait until it opens up the download window on my computer. So just in case it shouldn't recognize your operating system, you can still go on download on the here and the right side and just choose your operating system. For example, if you have a Windows laptop, just go on Windows and it'll do the exact same thing after around five seconds. Download window will pop up and you can simply download it. After that, you just need to install it that will be in your Download section and file which you can open up. And you can just install Audacity and follow along with the steps that tells you to do. Alright, I think that's it for the installment. And I'll just carry on with a quick overview about Audacity. 3. Quick Overview: All right, So if you open up, Audacity should look a bit like this. You might have a different version, or maybe it's looking a bit different on a different operating system, but generally it'll look about like roughly about something like this. So you've got your toolbar up here with different tools. So for example, you've got a selection tool and lots of different tools which I'm going to explain in more detail later on, the important ones, of course, you've got your play button, which obviously starts the playback. You've got a stop button as well, and on the left side, a pause button. Let's skip to start and then skip to end and recording button right on the right side. You've also got mix the two. So basically you can change the, sorry, the volume of your microphone off of the playback. So you've got your playback volume. Generally, if just if you hover above one of the knobs or pages or whatever, it'll show you what it is. And also often it'll give you a shortcut. And just for an example, if you go on the play button here, well, it doesn't work now. Let's try here. Yep. Okay, skip to start the button here. For example, it's shift and home. Or it should work on a play button as well? Usually. Okay. It burned a moment, but it doesn't matter. It'll just give you a shortcut to get to this tool in a faster way. But of course this is not necessary. You can always press the buttons if that's what you prefer. I'll talk about most of the other buttons and especially the important ones later on. But for now, I think this is everything you need to know just to simply get started. Also, maybe one last important thing here is like a timeline. If you playback audio later on, it's just in seconds. So on the horizontal axis. But I think we are ready to get our project files started because they're always like a few things you need to do before you start recording. 4. Settings To Get Started: Cool. So we can just continue with settings to get started. And the first thing I usually do is check if I've got the right microphone selected. So if you press on the blue button here, you get like a drop-down menu. And it shows you different microphone options, so wider for microphone's. Well, usually your laptop or computer has an internal microphone, which in most cases it doesn't have a very high-quality. It won't sound very good, but you can use that. Maybe you only have one option, so you can just simply pick that. My case I will be like them microphone of my MacBook, which is all right, but I've got an audio interface connected to my computers, or in that case, a selected because it'll have a much better audio quality for you guys. The next thing you should definitely check out is here, if you're recording in mono or stereo. So basically both channels and like on the right ear and on the left ear, have exactly the same signal, but exactly the same. Not, exactly, not always the same volume, but it'll just come like generally in the middle if you record audio with Mano, so you need to be aware if you have a mono or stereo microphones. So in my case, I'll just have one microphone, so it's a mono recording. But if you have two microphones, for example, you can also choose stereo, which could be good for, let's say recording. Piano or guitar. You sometimes one more than just one microphone sounded to make it sound a bit, little bit nicer. On the right side next to the speaker symbol, you can choose the speaker, which you want to have for your playback. And I've got, again two options. I've got my audio interface, which is connected to some better speakers and my MacBook loudspeakers. So I'll just stick with the via phase. That's the audio interface I'm using. Um, yeah, it's just better for me. And right on the left side, we've got the audio host. And you might, depending on the operating system, you might have different options here, but an apple, I've gotten the core audio. I think in Windows, you've also got an MME, which is like more or less the standard and Windows direct sound. Or I think there's also one called philosophy, which you could select, but generally you're probably fine with them and me, so I'd stick with that, but it's up to you. So one last step, you should definitely check out because it's very important before you start a new recording just to get your project file ready is the sample rate. So our project right rate in hertz. So the standard here is 44,100. You might have heard this number before. It's just the standard for CDS and a lot of, a lot of things. If you press on the drop-down menu, you can choose a different sample, right? So generally, the higher sampling rate, the better the audio quality. But there's like always a battle with it. Since the higher the sample rate will be, it'll just take up much more memory. So if that's fine with you, and if you need this higher audio quality, you can choose something higher. I would usually go for maximum of 96 thousand hertz. That's pretty high. And more than you'll probably, probably need. And those numbers here are more or less insane. You don't really need them. And case you're working for something very special, but you probably won't hear a difference anyway. So just for the ones who don't know what a sampling rate is like. Here's a brief explanation. If you recall music, you basically are, you're basically taking samples of the waves. You're recording. The sample rate like sets, how many samples are being taken in a certain time. Which basically means the more examples the better. Um, but there's also a second important factor which is important for your audio quality. It's the bit depth. And you can change it by going into Audacity preferences. Sorry, it might be a little bit different if you have Windows, laptop or computer. Not much, but maybe it looks a tiny bit differently. Might be here all the time. Those options right here at the top. Budge on, yeah, you can just go and preferences. Okay. Then press quality. And she'll also see the default sample rate and the default yeah, the bit depth. So here's the bit depth. And currently it's set to 32 bit float. That's pretty high. You can also choose something lower if you don't need that much. And the bit depth basically determines the quality regarding the dynamism of the recording. So the higher the bit depth, the more dynamics in your recording will have. It just depends on what you need. It's basically the horizontal axis. If you look at the waves like how accurate the dynamism will be. But for me, a 32-bit float is perfectly fine. It's pretty good. So I'll just say go of that. Also. I'd like to mention at this point that here you can set the default sampling rate. So if you save that, I think it'll continue to use these settings for future projects as well. So yeah, I'm perfectly fine with those settings. You can of course, also change them if you need something else. But in most cases this will be really good. Right? So I think we are ready to continue with proper project since all the basics have been set now. Yeah, let's go. 5. Record Audio: So I'm ready now to record my first audio into Audacity. And all I got to do is to press the red record button here. If I'm finished with recording, I can just hit the stop button here or hit the Space key on my keyboard. All right, so if I press Record, you'll see it'll just create a new mono track in my project. And I can simply stop it, like I said, with pressing the space key. This is a test recording. Just so you can see how Audacity works and how it sounds. All this didn't make too much sense, but this will be fine for a test recording. Right? So now that the recording is stopped, you can see the wave forms of my speech just here. And I've got a tip for you guys as well. I didn't do it, but generally it really makes sense to press click to start monitoring. Before you do any recording. It will just show you how loud the volume is when you singing, playing in an instrument or whatever. So you can just check that the levels are being set correctly. So at moment, I'm always around minus 12 dB, which is really good. I usually try to keep it somewhere between minus 12 and minus six because I didn't want to get too close to 0 mod two classes, all right? But you should never go above 0, 0 basically it won't go above 0 because it'll start to clip. And clipping basically means that it will distort your audio and it just won't sound nice. So you really need to be aware of that because you can't change it later on if it's been the audio has been clipped basically. So I could do an example how distorted audio sounds. And all I got to do is, well, speak louder, I guess so I'll do that for Union second. Hello. Now it is much too loud and it will definitely and you could definitely hear that it was clipping and distorted. So it sounds a bit like a, maybe a rock preamble, the guitar or something like that. So it's not in all cases bad, bad in probably like 99 percent. So especially if you're doing a vocal recordings, so you want to be aware of that. This doesn't happen at all or at least not too often. So let's say you want to record several audios are different instruments, for example, in one project. So what you actually do it as well, simply record your first one. Remember, just press the record button and wait until you're finished with your recording, and then press the stop button. Cool. So now I've got one audio track basically here on one audio track. And I can, if I go up here on trucks at NYU, and my case, it's a mono track. Then I have a second one. I can select it, or it is elected at moon moment you can see it because it's highlighted a little bit. And if I press Record again, it will just record over the first one. So this is the second layer and you can hear it. So now I've got two different audio tracks in one project, I can play and play them back basically. At the same time, if a press Play is the second layer and stop them exactly the same way like I did it before as well. And yeah, that's it. If you want to recall with several other, if you want to record several audio tracks in one project. 6. Generating Sounds: Right, so powerful and recording audio, there is a second option. And the third one, how did you get basically sounds or audio tracks into your project? And you might, you might not need this one, or you might depends on what you're doing, but you can also add a different sounds to your project if you go and generate. So you've got a chirp, for example. You've got a few settings, so you have the waveforms, square sawtooth. And yeah, you can just choose whatever you want. And you select the starting and the end frequency in hertz, the amplitude and time settings. You've always got a few options, but you probably just need to play around with that if you should ever need this at all. And you press Okay, and it'll just create my case 30-second chirp so I can see it's thirty-seconds. If I look up here on the timeline and it'll sound like this, probably not very nice. I do it a bit quieter. So I don't think we need to listen to the entire trip, but I think you get what it's about. So I have other options. I've got DTMF tones, which sounds basically like an old telephone, like could do that if I need it. Now it will do the audacity as a DTMF sequence. I'll just leave it so you can see how it sounds. So it's pretty slow and probably you won't need that. So all I'm going to spend too much time on it. But there are a few important ones here. For example, noise can be useful. You've got different noises, for example, white noise or pink or Brownian noise. You can just choose whatever you want. So white noise like flat and different noises have different curves. So what I mean we're flat is that if you look on it with an equalizer, for example, you can see that the deep frequencies and the high ones they are all, they've all got the same volume. However, our ear doesn't doesn't hear it this way out here he is like the higher ones, a bit louder. So quite noisy. Generally, sounds a little bit, maybe sharpen and brighter, whereas like different noises are a bit softer or sound more even to our human here, sorry, human ear. And again, I can set that Eurasian of the noise. And I've got this white noise here. Yeah, it doesn't sound very nice, but that's what it is. You can edit it so it sounds better. But in my case, I'll just leave that for now. So another useful generate option here is the silence. So you could inserts islands to an audio clip to kind of make a break between two different parts. I'll give you a second option how to do that later on, so you don't have to generate silence, but this generally how you do it, you just select the duration of it. There are not a lot of options regarding silence. So press Okay, and it'll just generate silence, which I don't need at the moment. I'll delete it again. You can also generate a certain tone. Maybe if you teach something or if you want to show certain things and it might be useful. So you've got to sign square, sawtooth and square values. I'm not quite sure what that is, but these are the standard waveforms. For example, a square wave, 440 Hertz, and it's pretty loud. So the amplitude goes from 0 to one here. And it's here. Now if I generated, okay, so this is a horrible, it's held in my opinion. But just say, you know, you can generate it here. Now you have a few more options here. Options up here. It's in German right now, but you've got rhythm, layer, not layer, arisen track, sorry, or pluck. And Rookie Zia drum. In most cases you're going to need them, so I'm not going to cover them now. This is basically a metronome, I think, and basic pluck sounds of string instrument. So I'm going to carry on movement, important partner, and that is importing audio. So I'll just continue on, just create a new file. You can do that by pressing on File and New, or Command or Control New depending on your operating system. I don't want to save the old ones and I'll just have a new blank space. 7. Import Audio: So maybe you don't want to record something new, but you have recorded something in the past or a friend of yours send some audio over. I don't know. Maybe you want to add a sound effect to your song or whatever. All you got to do to import audio is going on File. Import Audio. And then choose the audio file which you want to import. I'll just need to find something here. So of course, some sort of type beach here and niches opens it up. As you can see, this is a stereo tracks. I've got my left channel up here and the right one down below. Um, it's just not, it doesn't mean that the right ear and the left, you have the same signal. For example, I could have some drums on the left side and some synthesizers or a guitar on the right? Yes, or it doesn't it doesn't matter really. That's one way to import audio generally. And the other way, which personally I find is a little bit easier is just by drag and drop, right? So I just opened up my Finder and I can simply drag and drop audio. If you import audio in some cases, or Udacity might ask you if you want to create a copy of the audio or if you want a density to read the original file. And in my opinion, you should definitely choose to make a copy. Because if you change the file, although actually change the location of the original file, Audacity otherwise won't be able to find it anymore. And that's just a bit of a mess. If you create a copy that makes it much easier. 8. Playback: So now I have imported and new audio file into a new audacity project, which I'm going to work with in the next few lessons of this class. So this is an exercise file which you can download and simply follow along. And in this section, I'm going to cover the topic playback, since this is very important. So I think I've mentioned before that you can basically press Play simply by pressing the space key or by pressing the green button here. So this is a basically local for yoga class advertisement which I made earlier. So just so you know, are you feeling are you feeling tired and stressed out? It So yeah, there might be a great way to change that. Join our weekly yoga sessions every Monday from nine to 10 and 12, you will improve your flexibility and strain energies, your stress levels. You feel better. Right? So we'll stop key. I can just stop the playback again so it's the same like with recording. The stock key just stops it. Also, you might have noticed this little gray bar here right at the beginning. This basically determines the starting point of my playback. So I can move that simply by pressing here, you feeling tired and stressed out and sorry. By pressing here, you'll see the gray playback symbol here, which is the starting point of my playback, moved right up to what's that like four seconds. And now if I press play, I hadn't stressed out is it'll start here. And if I press stop again, it will also stop there. If I press play again at all. Again, press yes or just in the case you want to go back to the beginning, all you got to do is press the Skip to start. This is a button right up here next to the Stop button, and it'll just move this gray starting point back to the beginning. You've also got the options to skip to end, to the end. And it does the exact opposite thing, but in most cases you probably don't need that. So this is the important one here on the left side. Just keep that in mind. Also there is the pause just PI button here. It is a bit unusual in our densities and it won't only positive, but I'll just show you basically. So if you press play, are you feeling and pause, it will stop here. And if you press pause again, it just usually, it will just continue to play back the audio from the pause point. So if I press Play, it won't continue to play from here, it will jump back to the beginning. Are you feeling? So just keep that in mind. So the pause button basically always stops there where you are at the moment. And if you press it again, it'll just continue at that point. So there is another important tool for playback, which is the selection tool. You'll find it up here. Just above it. You don't see it. That's the selection tool or F1. And what it does is it selects a part for you. It just lights it up. If you press play when you're feeling tired and stressed out. It will just play back this part which you have selected. Also, you can select a part not on the audio but above it here, and basically this timeline. And for instance, if I select here from ten to 15, join our weekly organizations, it will just start at this point and stop where my selection ends. But if I press plague and it'll go back to my original selection. So be careful, you can select down here or up here. And this one is just four ones and it will start to play back immediately after you let go. You can just experiment with that. I really recommend that. So you, you've just got the basics. Well, if you just remember them easily. Also, I have this selection here, which I've just made. And I can expand it if I go right to the end of it, slowly, go see there's like this little hand symbol that pops up. And if I press down now I can expand or yeah, I can expand my selection in any direction. I could also do it in this direction or make it smaller and even kind of expanded and on the other side. So that's certainly up to me how I want to select my audio recording playback. There is one more interesting things. If you make a selection and if you hover above the Plachy, you also see loop play. Which is Shift and the space, that space key on your keyboard. And what it does, it just loops your, your selected part. So I'll just take short one. So you'll see, it'll loop the selected part just forever, basically until I press the stop or the Space key again and go and go. So I don't want that at the moon, but just so you know, you might need it at some point. So that's it for this playback option. Furthermore, you have the option to either make playback or generally the truck quieter or louder, depending on the direction you move the slider here on the left side. You can also pan the audio to the right or to the left. So for instance, now you'll just hear it on the right speaker. If you do it and our directory, you'll just hear it on the left speaker and in the middle, the audio signal will come from both. Since I've just talked about the volume of this track. That is a big difference between this volume fader or slider and this one up here. So this one is about the playback volume in general. So I think it's exactly the same thing. Like if I increase the volume of my computer, just everything gets louder. Whereas if I move this slider here, it'll just change in Audacity the volume of this track. So just be aware of that. For now I'm going to import a second file. But some relaxing yoga background music, basically which I have composed for this clot. And it's just some soft pads which shall work for the advertisement we're going to create now, since I've got two stereo tracks and my project now, I've got a few new options. I'm going to talk about some of them later on when we're going to talk about the editing part. But for now I just wanted to show you that you can solo on huge tracks. So for instance, phi, here, are you feeling, are you feeling tired and you can maybe hear the background music albums, but I can solo the vocal. John, Oh, we are mute them. So at the moment, since this is on cellular and muted, or in other words both are muted, you won't be able to hear anything. So Solo means it's just going to play this audio track here. And every other audio track will be muted. And if you don't want that, you can. For example, if I want to, if I had 100 audio tracks, I could just mute 50 of them. Listen to the other 50. That's totally up to me, but this is not a good option for playback. If you have several audio files imported into Audacity. 9. Working With Mono and Stereo Tracks: Right, So now I will give you a few tips how you can work with mono and stereo tracks a bit better. And for now I'm going to decrease the volume of both of the tracks a little bit. Maybe it was a bit too much so you can understand me better while I'm speaking. If necessary, we're going to see part of what I wanted to show you is that these are two stereo tracks. Basically. You can see there's left-hand rule, the right channel, and he has also a left and the right channel. And you can generally combined to mono tracks to one stereo track. Or you can split stereo tracks up into a mono track. So I'm going to press this button here next to the name. And it'll open up a drop-down menu. And you'll see, I've got a few options. I could swap stereo channels. So that basically means what I'm hearing on my right ear will be shifted to the left ear and the other way round. I can also split stereo tracks. So then I'll have to mono tracks. I'll do that for now. And what you'll see is now I've got two separate mono tracks. One panned to the left and one panned to the right. So together they both sound exactly the same like my stereo track before, but I've got a few more options now, for example, I could just turn the volume down and only listen to the left side of my or what used to be the stereo track. Or I could move, move both of them. Mutable of them. That is up to me. I'll do the same thing up here. Split stereo track. And now I've got four mono tracks, which used to be in two stereo tracks, So all the channels are separated. So what I could do now is I could combine them again. So I could combine those two if I go up here and make stereo track. So you'll see, right, I'll delete the other ones. So you'll see, I'll have on the top, I'll have my vocals, which was basically not the vocals we had right at the beginning, because at the beginning I had a stereo track. But now it's much more a mono track which has been panned, I think, to the right side. And this was the original or the left side of the original stereo track of both the background music and they are now into one file or one stereo track. So why would I want something like this? Well, I can now change the panning of both of the tracks in one with one fader, basically a one slider. That might be useful in some cases, I can also increase or decrease the volume of both of them at the same time. This is cool as well. And it might be useful in a lot of cases if you, if you combine mono tracks, right? So I think I've got this topic covered now and just continue with editing audio with the example of my yoga class, which I want to advertise and just feel free to follow along. I'm sure it will help you to do that. I'm just going to start a new project and I'm going to do that for File and New. You'll see I'll have two projects open at the same time now, maybe that's useful. You can copy and paste things from one project to another project may be, but in my case, let n one this. So I'm not going to save this. Now I'm going to focus on the editing. 10. Editing Audio: All right, so here is our town, here are the yoga vocals, and here's the relaxing yoga music which I compose. And we're going to do a little advertisement like I have just mentioned already. After creating a project, a really recommend to save it. You can do that by going on File and Save Project, Safe Project, or Save Project As you can, simply give it a name and save the project file wherever you wanted. It just saves a lot of time if I don't know if your computer should crash or whatever. So Elmo, just save it if you want to. You can also just press the Command S or Control S depending on your operating system, which is the shortcut for it, like with most other programs as well. Right? So the first thing I'd like you to do is to adjust the volume inside. Audacity sends the yoga music is definitely a little bit too loud. So I've already shown you how to adjust the volume. So we're just going to do this quickly. Going to go down a little bit. Are you feeling tired and stressed out? So I just want the vocals, but they should be in the foreground and the background, the yoga music. She just well create an atmosphere, but it shouldn't be very dominant. So just make sure it's a little bit quieter. And yes, that's it from regarding the volume. The next step would be to solo the vocals or two muj, the background music that totally depends on your whatever you want. It generally does the same thing. And I've got my vocals here. Now. You might have noticed that I've got a bit of a weird beginning. Sorry. I'll just jump back to the beginning and press play. Our feelings. Our UV intelligence or AI obviously misspoke that. And that's an extremely unprofessional. And of course, I don't want something like this in my advertisement. So what I do is I go on my selection tool and then go down here and select the part which I don't want. So there's this beginning and I'm just going to press the Delete key. Other option would be to use the sizzle symbol here, the cut, well that cuts it away. You could then paste it in somewhere else. But in my case, I don't want this. I'm just going to cut it away or while the liter not cut it away. So now I want to make sure that I cut everything off from the beginning and there is nothing left since I don't really want any background noise or something like that right at the beginning. So at the moment it's a bit too small so I can't really see it. But if I go on this symbol here, on the Zoom symbol, assume to what it's called. And if I press the left mouse key of trackpad key or whatever you're using. It'll zoom in. Down here. I can move it around on the trackpad. Can just move it in and direction. I'm, I'm going to go right to the beginning and I can see, okay, there's a little bit and little rest. It's not so important, but for now I'm just going to delete it. Like select it and hit the Delete key, and that's it. So I'm not quite sure there's probably some noise as well, but I'm going to leave it because I'm not 100% sure That's something important. So what I actually wanted to show you was how to zoom in and how to zoom out. So County I've got my zoom tool selected. If I just press on it, it'll zoom in. I've also got an, a few other Zoom options down here, which I'm going to explain now. So this basically does the same thing. I just need to press on the Zoom icon here and not on, on this part of our so-called my zoom tool selected. So I'm going to change that so you can see it clearly. So if I zoom in, can get even closer and it'll, it'll go really, really close. So by now you can even see the samples of the basics of the sample rate, which I talked about earlier. And this two here, the Zoom out. Basically it does the opposite sets also Command Control 3 if you want to zoom out. So you can do that as well and zoom out. So now obviously I zoomed out much, too much. And I'd like to have it on my, like, the width of it should be on my entire screen. So all I got to do is press this key or this option here. It's Fit project to width. Or Control F. And if you press it, it will put the longest or whatever file is right at the end. And five, which is right at the beginning, it'll spread basically everything just perfectly on your screen. So this is a really handy little true. You've also got other tool right next to it. And this one will only Zoom. Do exactly the same thing. It will just regarding a selected part. So if I select a partner, if I press it, it will zoom this selected part. The biggest goes on my screen to say those words. So, but in this case I don't really want this, so I'll just press the fit project to width again to get everything nicely spread out onto my display. So if we listen to my music, which I added here, go right to the beginning. Press play. Are you feeling tired and stressed out? Yet immobile? You can hear that the audio or the vocals based out a little bit too early start like even before the music starts. And I really don't want that. I want you to have it almost at the middle so I can use the full potential of the music and create some attachments, fear before the vocals actually start. So the real question is now, how can I get my vocals moved a bit further to the right? And what I need to do is I need to go here on the Time Shift tool or F5. If I've got it selected, I can just press on the audio file, which I want to move and move it exactly to the point where I wanted. I wanted to have edge around here. Right. So when I'm finished with that, I'll just go back to the Selection tool. If we listen to it again. Are you feeling tired and stressed out? It's yellow might be a great way to change that. Join our weekly organizations every Monday from antigenic lot, you will improve your flexibility and strain and reduces stress that you feel lesson. So let's say, I want to shift this little slogan here at the end. The yoga feel better. Like just shifted a few seconds to the right. So there's like little pause between whatever I said before that and the yoga feel better. So if I use this two again, so the, the Time Shift tool, I can't simply move this section, it won't work. All it's going to do it about APL basically move the entire audio track or this entire audio piece. If I shifted. So that's wrong and they simply won't work. What I got to do is I need to go back on my selection tool. Basically, there are two options. I'm going to start with the inserting silence option. And I will press here where I want to insert my silence. Then I'll go back on the generate like I showed you earlier and press silence. So in case you were wondering why I was keen about adding silence earlier in this class, will know, you know, it's quite useful if you want to add a little pause somewhere in your audio or music or whatever you're working with. So here I can set the curation and I just need like 1 second. So press Okay. And it'll do a little pause to give flexibility and strain energies is stress that you feel best. Well, I like that much more, but let's see. Let's just test a different way how to do this. Which in my opinion is a bit more useful because it's a bit more flexible. So press Command C again to undo this. And other option would be, so gods, the part where I want to cut it selected or not, you cut it but to trim it selected with my selection tool. I can get on sorry, on Edit, clip, boundaries and split. So now I've got basically two clips down here. And if I go back to my time shift to now, I can just simply hold it and drag it a little bit to the right. And this is a bit better, or at least my opinion, since you can now move it around in the entire screen, basically. Without always need to like, I don't need to check if I want exactly 1 second silence. I can just listen to it and say, oh, okay, it's a little bit too long, then I'll make it a bit shorter so I'm a bit more free regarding There's the little pause which I want to add. Another little trick is, for example, if I wanted to have this sound like twice or maybe even three times, I can just select it, press Command C and Command V to paste it again. So this is the standard. You're probably know it from other programs as well, but it'll work with Audacity as well. And I can just have it back here again. You feel that right? So this sounds much better, but to be honest, I don't really want it back here. There's a bit too long, at least in my opinion. So I'm going to delete this again. Also. I thought I don't want to have my ad longer than here. Let's say like maybe like what's a 30, 32 seconds, something like that. So I'm going to cut this end off. Right? So now I'm facing a new problem though. If I'm playing it, it'll just stop in a very harsh way. And generally you don't want anything like that. You won't like a smooth fade out. And either you go on the fade-out effect up here on effects, and go on the Fade Out option which is here. Or second option, which we're going to do now because when the editing part, not in the Effects part yet, we're going to use the envelope to which you can find up here or simply press F2. And this basically it gives you the option to make your own envelope for the entire audio curve, or generally for the entire audio. So if you go on this blue line here at the top, you can drag it down and make it quieter. Or you can add point just by pressing on it and you have the second. So now I can make fade out right at the end. So you'll probably see in here that this fade out who your flexibility of the music. It sounds much too early. So at this point I can, I can barely hear the music and this is not really what I wanted. So I can hold this point here and drag it right to the end. So I just want a smooth fade out, but not, not a big one just for I don't know, maybe a second or something like that. And just in case I want to do the bit smoother, I could also add another point here, drag it up, drag the other one down. So I could have a little fade out here already and then a fossil at the end. That would be the Envelope 2. I could also do a fade in or do part here a little bit quieter. So here are just very free to do whatever you need for your project. So I think we've got the important parts about editing covered now. So I'd like to continue with some interesting and unique effects which you can apply on your vocals. 11. Amplify Effect: This chapter of the class will be about effects. So where you can find them, how to use them, and what to use them for exactly like, why would you want to use them? And I'm going to start with the amplify effect. So let's say, I think the yoga feel better at the end is a little bit too quiet to loud, doesn't matter. I can select it with my select tool. Here. I can go up here, my basically my toolbar, go on effect and press the amplifier button. So this is a pretty clever effect. Or udacity did a good job on this one. Since it will recognize what like what the peak of my audio which I have selected is. So for example, if this is the peak and it is, I'm not quite sure how loud it is at moment. I can't see it here, but it, it'll work out how much it should amplify my audio until the peak of my audio reaches the 0 dB mark. And this will be the new peak amplitude 00. Of course, this is really high. And let's say for some reasons, you might want to have it quieter. Like there are reasons. For some projects you might want it quiet, it's better. You can also change this slider here, move it to the left to make it quieter. So for example, at the moment, if I amplify it for 0 dB, my new peak amplitude will be the minus 6.976. So basically, that's what I peak amplitude at the moment is if I move it up though, it'll automatically stop at 0 dB. So it went so, well, I'll show you what I mean exactly. So if I go under 0 or until 0, you'll see the blue Okay button. If I go under 0, It's fine. If I go above 0, it won't. It won't do that simply because the audio goes start clipping at some points because the new peak amplitude is above the 0 dB, which in most cases you don't want to, yeah, you don't want to get louder. As law. However, if you still want to get louder, for some reason, I'm not quite sure why you want to want to do that. Maybe, cuz you only want a certain part in the audio which is quieter than this peak, peak amplitude. So you can allow clipping and well, make it louder. I don't want that at the moment. I want 0 dB here. I want to have it as loud as possible just to give an example. And also you got the option to preview. In my opinion, with the amplifier. It doesn't, it's not very useful though because it'll just be a bit louder. But that won't be an effect like a reverb or something like that. You'll find with just pressing K usually. And you can see how the waveform just went, just became a little bit bigger. Which means it gets louder. You feel better. Yep. So it's louder now, of course, in this case, I don't want it. Maybe you'll find a part here which is a bit too quiet. You can amplify it like this and works well on parts which are separated to others. And not like music here. This is like very calm music. It's got like soft transitions. And if I just select a part here and make it louder, it doesn't have any proper well, maybe volume ramp to say it like that. It just just a quiet and then at some point it'll get very loud and quiet again, sir. The amplify effect doesn't have like smooth transitions or anything like that. So it's good on little parts like this which are separated to something else. Or if you find something within the other larger audio part over here, maybe this part from here to here. You might want to zoom in using the zoom function, which I have talked about earlier in this class. And just select exactly the part of what you want to amplify. And well, yeah, that's it about the Amplify Effect. And I'm going to continue with the second effect now. 12. Auto Duck Effect: So the next effect is a really cool one and very useful one if you want to do like podcasts and things like that, or audio advertisements like this one maybe as well. So just to make it a bit clearer, I will move the audio bit more, maybe like this. So the next effect is the auto dock effect. What it does is always one vocals are playing. In this case, the music book at quieter, say the vocals are a bit more dominant in the mix. So what you really want to be aware of is that the music or whatever should get docked at the end is above the rest. So for example, if I had my music down here, it wouldn't work. Like the vocals would get quiet if the music's playing, but that's of course not what I want. So what I've got to do, press here in the drop-down menu and move truck up. That's how it works. Then the next step, I'll just select with the selection tool, the part which will get docked. In this case, it will be everything. I'll go to Effect and AutoDock. Right? So don't be, don't feel overwhelmed with all those options here. It's not as complicated as it might look at first sight. Um, well, basically here, it just tells you how much it will dock. So when the vocals, I'm playing interval DOC 4 minus 12 dB, I'm not going to change it now occurs. This something you just need to, maybe you can preview it all, just try rounded with it a little bit. And you've also got the outer paid out length. So this is fade down length, sorry. This is the time Mitch takes to go from the standard volume down to the dock volume. So it's a 2.5th here. And you can also have an interface down length, which is such a 0 here. Don't need that at the moment. And the same thing, it's just the other way around again. With I'm with the fade up basically, you have paid-up length. And also you've got a maximum pause which is set to 1 second. You'll just need to tests around with those settings here a little bit. But for this case, I'm just going to leave it with the default and press Okay, and it should apply the effect now with my vocals and the music. So yep, it worked. We can see this. Well, I see it by looking at the waveforms. At the beginning, by the vocals and playing yet you can see the wave form is a bit bigger on the forms are bigger. And when the vocal start, everything gets a little bit quieter. And after the vocals I finished, it gets louder, Oregon. So just to so you can hear it a bit better. I'm going to increase the volume of the music and I'm just going to press play. Are you feeling tired and stressed out? So young woman be a great way to change that. Join our weekly yoga sessions every Monday from nitrogen and God. You will improve your flexibility and string and reduce your stress levels. You'll feel better. Right? So this is how the AutoDock effect works. I think it's a good idea if you give it a try yourself. Since it's a little bit more complicated than the amplify effect, but you should probably be able to master the effect if you give it a try. 13. Reverb Effect: So let's move on to the next effect, which is the reverb effect. I like it a lot and I really like to apply it on the yoga, feel better. Slogan thing at the end of my vocal recording. So I'm going to select it. I'm going to go back to the Effects section, and I'm going to search for reverb. Here it is. So compared to the amplified effect, I think it really makes sense to listen to the preview here. I'm going to do that in a second. But first of all, I'm going to talk a little bit about the functions, not all of them, but the important one. So you just get a starting point. So obviously the room size. Well, it says it itself, how big the room is and it's important maybe for the sound, but especially for, in this case for the length of the river. So for example, if I have it on 11 or 12, Let's listen to it. It's just a little bit of reverb. If you pull it up straight to 100. It's much, much more. You can also have a pre-delay. It's, it's fine to have it like on ten milliseconds or something like that. That's like a standard length. You can put it on 0, but ten milliseconds gives it like a bit of a realistic sound. Because if you're in a room, just think of reverb as the reflection. It'll take tiny, tiny bit of time until the reflections of the sound waves go to the, chew them whatever walls and jump back again. So ten milliseconds as a right, I'll leave it. Yeah, You can save your reverb. Should have, should have low tones, well, higher tones. You can play around with those settings. Always preview. And if you are happy with the result, just press. Okay. And now be aware of the wave forms here. How they changed. Look, you can see actually how the reverb act effector. So here you can see it fades out a bit more and, and, um, yeah, that's the reverb effect. 14. Compressor Effect: The next one is a little bit more complicated, but it's very important and very, very useful for almost every vocal recording. It's the compressor effect. All you got to do is select the vocals. Actually, I might mute the background music to give you an example. And go back to the facts actions, and choose compressor. So if the compressor selected, you'll have a threshold. So what this is, it's basically the point where the compressor starts working. So all the aisle maybe I should maybe briefly explain what a compressor does. A compressor makes the louder frequencies quieter, keeps the quieter ones at the same volume and increases in the end after doing that, the volume of the entire track. So just think of it as I'm decreasing the dynamism of the vocals turtle. So if you have some very loud parts and some very quiet parts, it'll just get them to a similar volume. And generally, it's really, really, really useful if you're playing back the vocals on, let's say, a terrible device or with background music. Because what happens if it's on a terrible device, maybe not terrible, but on a quiet device. If the dynamism is too high, then generally you are going to be able to hear the very, very quiet parts. And you will be able to hear the loud ones, but you can see the loud ones are usually very short. It's like little sounds like a I don't know, just little pops and yeah, flower pots are usually quite short. So what you want is to get the entire loudness of the track like basically the average loudness a bit higher to make it more playable on quiet devices. And also if you have music in the background. One problem and you might be facing is that if some vocal parts are too quiet compared to others, then they kind of drown in the music. So if you haven't compressor effect applied on the vocals, everything is louder and it was based ending clearer in the mix, right? So I'm just going to give an extreme example. Just put the threshold really, really low, like this is very low. And put the ratio all up to 10 to one. So everything which is above minus 26 dB will be cut by the ratio above the ratio ten to one, which is pretty hard. You can also have an attack time which basically determines how fast the Chrome precedential act and release time. So how fast Let's go again and right. So he's also makeup gain, which is basically increasing the entire volume of the track. Afterwards. In the end, I'm up for 0 dB after compressing. So in the end, what you should be able to hear now is that all see, even if you look at the waveforms, everything should be louder, like right here at the top and there shouldn't be any very loud and very quiet parts anymore. So if I did the settings correctly or maybe not correctly, but very extremes, you should be able to see it. Yep. So it almost looks a bit like a sausage know. It's very I'm big and compressed, so yep, You can hear it as well. Clearly. Actually going to do a little bit quieter. But doesn't it? So yeah, that might be a great way to change that. John Doe weekly yoga sessions every Monday from nine to ten o'clock. Right? So pause it. Now, jump back to the beginning. And if I have it with the background music, you'll see it'll just end like really clearly in the mix, especially after I've applied the AutoDock effect. So there might be a great way to change that. It just helps to make the vocals much better with the compressor. In like almost every case, you just need to be careful that you set the right settings for it. But in my opinion, it just helps to play around with them a bit and to listen how, how it'll sound. And you might not want to extreme, since that might sound unrealistic. But in most cases, it's a good idea to apply some compression on especially vocals, maybe drums. And whatever you've got applied in your, in your project. Not applied, but what you've got in your project. Also, it doesn't make so much sense to put it on pads like this because generally, no, not if it is changed now with the AutoDock effect, but the volume was pretty similar throughout the entire track because it was like soft pads with a smooth transition. So subpaths are like Pat centralizes, not big and soft and long. And yeah. So I think that's all I've got to say for the compressor effect at the moment. So I think I'm just going to carry on with the equalizer, which is an equally important effect. 15. Equalizer Effect: You find the equalizer. I'll go sorry. So before I applied the equalize effect, I'm just going to solo, sorry muj, the background music again, so you'll be able to hear it a bit better. So if you've got an effect, you've got different equalizers here. You've got a graphic equalizer and filter curve equalizer. These are two different equalizes, which in the end could do almost the same thing, but it just looks different. So here you've got like sliders and here you've got diagram basically or something like that where you can make certain frequencies louder and others quieter. This effect is really useful to remove some noises and sounds, but you don't want or to basically just improve your sound to make clearer or software whatever you wanted or warmer, for example, That's also an option. So I'm going to use the filter curve EQ because I personally prefer it, but feel free to try this one as well. Okay, So I've already experimented with it a little bit, but I'm going to flatten it back down again. So this, however, will probably look if you open it up. You've got a few settings here. You can change the scale a little bit. Yeah, I usually keep it just how it is and it doesn't really matter. You've got a logarithmic scale down here, which shows the deep frequencies from this, like really deep turns, which maybe even some, I don't know, loudspeakers of your laptop probably won't be able to reproduce. But you've got like bays and the very high frequencies here. And on the vertical axis we've got the loudness of sound similar to the envelope tool. You can now create points by pressing on the line up, by pressing somewhere in the screen on the graph. And you can basically change the volume of, let's say, the vocals at one hundred, ten hundred hertz. So I'm going to do an example. The one I've just had opened when I open this project. So I'm going to kind of recreate an old telephone effect. So just to give you an example of an equalizer can do. So. This is very loud as a big boost here. I didn't want it up there. So this will be fine. So you can do preview button here. Okay, so I've got a bit of the silent selected here, so there's a little bit silence before my local stuff can do it, even extremum. But doing it here. Let's just do it again. Right? So I like to just actually really depends how you're using it on the on the instrument or whatever you're using, and also how you recorded it. So in some case you might have too much base, so you want to get rid of it a little bit like this. You can also, if you have like very low frequencies which are, which are disturbing, you can just cut them out like this. Almost cut them out. You can boost some of the higher ones, for example. So at moment I'd probably get a bit of a brighter sound. I can preview. It. Might be a great way to change, right? So I'm not quite sure because it depends on your project, what you need. So I'm not going to talk about specific settings because I'd probably be a waste of time. But you should be able to add points and move them in the here and the fields and just move them wherever it sounds best for you and your mics. Just try round, preview it and you can apply it. So let's say if I want to get it a little bit brighter, watching, I want you to make it a bit softer. So get rid of the high frequencies. So this is a high cut filter or a low-pass depending on if I cut them off or maybe a shelving filter if I do it a bit softer and then color them entirely of, let's just have it like this. It'll be a bit softer now. And I press Okay For much applied, say, and made everything a little bit more quiet. But let's have a listen. It's a great way to change that. Monday, April oncogenic got. Okay, so this, I'm cancel, nice. Although a high cut filter probably isn't the best idea for what I'm doing at the moment, because I want some clear and bright vocals which stand out and the mixed together with the background music. So in this case, I'm just going to press Command Z to undo the effect again. But feel free to experiment around with the settings of the equalizer. It's definitely a very useful effect. 16. Noise Reduction Effect: Another very useful effect is the noise reduction effect. I like to use it on vocals if I have any noise in the background. So I might have some here. And we're going to try to get rid of it. So the background music is still muted. And I'm going to select this part just to listen to it. I've got my speakers a little bit too quiet, but I think there is a bit of a noise here. So what we're going to do is go on effect. Look out for noise reduction, it's down here. And what Audacity once look, kinda press Okay, so I cannot apply the PECC yet. It wants to get with the step 1 a noise profile. So it's basically asking me to play some noise for forage and so it knows what sounds, what the noise sounds, lung sounds like. And I'm going to do that just by get noise profile. Right. Now I'm going to select the entire local. Go back on effect noise reduction. Now that it knows what the sorry, what the noise sounds like. I could do a second one. Of course not now because I've got vocal selected, but I just just simply apply the effect. So I'm going to give the settings on default now as well, but this is how it works. Right? So maybe if we zoom in, we can see that maybe some of the noise is gone. Maybe this was some of the noise and here it's gone. So not 100% sure I cannot see it. My eyes, I'd have to listen to it with proper headphones or very good speaker setup. But this can be very useful if you've got some unwanted noises in the backgrounds, maybe from your computer or from whatever maybe you're recording itself from the device Kiva recording at sometimes happens that there are some unwanted noises. Cold. That's the noise reduction effect. And I'm going to continue with the fade in and fade out effect now. 17. Fade In and Fade Out Effect: I've mentioned earlier that you can also fade out for some of the music or vocals with a fade-out effect or whether fate and F8, you can fade them in. Of course. It's not my favorite effect, I'll be honest, but I'm going to show you how it works. Just select something can affect and press fade out. Oops, sorry, wrong one. It out. So you can see it fades out the vocals a bit. I'm going to tell you why I don't like it so much. And the reason is pretty simple. It just applies the effect, but I can't really tell how long my fade out is, how steep the curve is and all these sorts of things which are useful in a lot of cases. But if you don't need it and if you just need a quick Fade Out or a fade-in, Let's save and you have a fatal in here. Gotten effects fade in. And this is what it does. So yeah, that's the fade out and fade in effect can be useful. It's definitely very fast to apply and then need any crazy settings for it. But yeah, it's just an option of channel effect. 18. Other Effects: At this point, I'm just going to mention that there are a lot of effects and you can see it yourself. I'm not going to cover all of them coughing after covered the important ones already. Although there are some interesting ones which are easy to use, I just recommend you to give it a try yourself. So I also like the speed effect. You can simply speed up things, sorry, I probably need to select some audio. You can speed things up. You can change the pitch of something, for example, or an easy to use effect. It's also the reverse effect. If I select some audio and if I press reverse, it will just reverse it. Um, yeah, these are the effects. You will find them here. And there are many more to try around as well. In my opinion, I've covered the important ones. If you have any questions, then just feel free to ask them. And I'll be happy to answer them. 19. Exporting: Right, So I'm ready for exporting my audio. And there are a few things to say about that as well. So be aware of it. What you got to do is you've got to, well, or at least what I'm going to do is I'm going to unmute everything. And I like how it sounds, my visual yoga audio ad. So what I can do is, well, first of all, what I can't do is if I, this might be important for you. If I save the project, which we've done earlier already, then I've got it as a AUP file. It's not a file which you can usually send to friends and I'm onto iTunes or whatever. It's an Audacity project file. So you can't simply expect to have an MP3 WAV file. If you send this to friends, they probably won't be able to listen to it. Also, the Safe Project ALS going to work. Because the only difference is that it'll give you, for example, if I've saved this project already and I can press Save Project as, and then it'll create a second version of this project. Like I've got the option to give it a different name. So this is not what we want. What we want is Go on export. And here we'll have some options. So we've got Export As MP3, we've got export as wave, and export as OGG. So I can quickly explain the differences. So MP3 is a standard compressed format, which is good in a lot of cases for simply playing back the audio which you have, the song which you have made an Audacity or a podcast, you can send it to friends at the files don't take up very much memory. However, it is compressed files or it, it loses some of its quality. You've also got the option to export it as a WAV file. This is an uncompressed file. So if you have a few minutes, this can become a really big file and it might not be able to send it with email because it's such a big file. Maybe it works. Probably depends on your email. But yeah, it's just much, much bigger file. And you've got the OGG, which is also compress, I think. And it's got a bit better quality mp3 for the same memory, right? So you basically want to choose one of those three, or you can do that later on. You can, you've got more options as well. So you can go and export audio. So let's say I want to save it here in my Documents folder. And now I can also choose the file type and you'll see, you'll have even more options. You've also got the AIFF, which is the APA format. Basically it's uncompressed and it's a big file as well. If you want that, feel free to choose it. And yeah, you've just got different different options. You can also change the encoding, make it a bit higher quality. I'm presently and if you're ready just exported. One thing I definitely need to mention is if you export it as an MP3 file, be aware that Audacity might not be able to do that straight away. You might have to download a program which is called lame. And there will be a pop-up where they'll give you a download link. For this program. It's free and it's pretty easy to install and you just have to download it and install it. And audacity, well, and most cases finds itself in a very short time. And after you've installed it, of course. And then you're ready to go and you can just exported and playback. And yeah, and you've got your exported file which is ready to be shared with friends, family, or whoever needs it. 20. Outro: So that's it for this class. And I honestly hope it helped you a lot to get started in our density. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask them and I'll do my best to answer them. And you can also upload your merging of the little joke advertisement which we created in this class. And if our heavy to get some feedback as well, if you like the class, I'd be happy about two positive writing to. And if you're interested in further topics about music production and music marketing, then you can follow me and you'll get notified about further tutorials and videos and future. All right, Goodbye. Thanks for watching.