Arabic Language | The Ultimate Arabic Course (Level 1) | Haytham Ibrahim, Prof. | Skillshare

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Arabic Language | The Ultimate Arabic Course (Level 1)

teacher avatar Haytham Ibrahim, Prof., Founder of Aralingo Apps

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

57 Lessons (8h 26m)
    • 1. Introducing Arabic letters

      7:30
    • 2. Common mistakes when pronouncing Arabic letters and how to avoid them

      15:36
    • 3. Arabic sounds VS English sounds - deep analysis with examples

      12:12
    • 4. Arabic Sounds Qualities explained in details

      9:48
    • 5. Soft Sounds VS Amplified Sounds (the 5 pairs)

      4:18
    • 6. Soft Sound and amplified sounds with Examples

      6:07
    • 7. How to write the 28 letters correctly step by step

      6:11
    • 8. How to write the 28 letters according to the line

      7:52
    • 9. How to write the 28 letters correctly step by step

      7:16
    • 10. Common mistakes when writing Arabic letters and how to avoid them

      10:07
    • 11. How to write the 28 letters in the correct direction using arrows method

      10:46
    • 12. Introduction to writing Arabic words step by step (short introduction)

      4:58
    • 13. Connecting letters VS non-connecting letters

      3:04
    • 14. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word)

      5:35
    • 15. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word) with example words

      22:24
    • 16. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word) with example words 2

      9:58
    • 17. How to write the 28 letters in the middle shape (when the letter is in between two letters) with exa

      7:48
    • 18. How to write the 28 letters in the middle shape (when the letter is in between two letters) with exa

      19:58
    • 19. How to write the 28 letters in the terminal shape (when the letter is the last letter of the word) w

      5:47
    • 20. How to write the 28 letters in the terminal shape (when the letter is the last letter of the word) w

      21:17
    • 21. The rule of six letters (The non-connecting letters) with examples

      10:18
    • 22. How to write words with examples

      13:32
    • 23. Writing the 28 letters using Naskh Printing Style VS Req’ah Handwriting Style

      4:13
    • 24. Writing words using Naskh Printing Style VS Req’ah Handwriting Style

      6:59
    • 25. How to write Arabic words using Req’ah handwriting style 1

      9:42
    • 26. How to write Arabic words using Req’ah handwriting style

      12:03
    • 27. Introduction to vowels in Arabic with examples

      9:45
    • 28. The short vowel Fathah with examples

      8:37
    • 29. The short vowel Dammah with examples

      10:06
    • 30. The short vowel Kasrah with examples

      9:28
    • 31. Introducing long vowels in Arabic

      7:13
    • 32. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) ha.m°.za.h°

      16:03
    • 33. The supplementary letters (non-alphabetic character) la.aa.m° a.le.f° and ta.aa.â° ma.r°.bo.oo.ta.h°

      10:17
    • 34. The long vowel a.le.f° with examples

      8:38
    • 35. The long vowel wa.aa.w° with examples

      7:15
    • 36. The long vowel ya.aa.â° with examples

      9:35
    • 37. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) elongated a.le.f°

      3:21
    • 38. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) dagger a.le.f°

      7:47
    • 39. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) shortened a.le.f°

      4:26
    • 40. Introducing definite and indefinite in Arabic

      6:30
    • 41. Introducing ta.n°.we.ee.n°

      4:30
    • 42. ta.n°.we.ee.n° fa.t°.ha.h° with examples

      7:04
    • 43. ta.n°.we.ee.n° da.mma.h° with examples

      6:18
    • 44. ta.n°.we.ee.n° ka.s°.ra.h° with examples

      6:51
    • 45. ta.n°.we.ee.n° special cases with examples

      15:25
    • 46. The so.ko.oo.n° with examples

      6:43
    • 47. Learn the popular rule about so.ko.oo.n° “Use so.ko.oo.n° to be in safe” with examples

      5:04
    • 48. Introducing sha.dda.h°

      9:39
    • 49. The sha.dda.h° with fa.t°.ha.h° with examples

      8:20
    • 50. The sha.dda.h° with da.mma.h° with examples

      8:16
    • 51. The sha.dda.h° with Ka.s°.ra.h° with examples

      9:14
    • 52. Introducing the relative ya.aa.â°

      9:33
    • 53. sha.dda.h° with ta.n°.we.ee.n° fa.t°.ha.h° with examples

      7:57
    • 54. sha.dda.h° with ta.n°.we.ee.n° da.mma.h° with examples

      3:05
    • 55. sha.dda.h° with ta.n°.we.ee.n° ka.s°.ra.h° with examples

      3:35
    • 56. The Moon letters with examples

      8:54
    • 57. The Sun letters with examples

      11:28
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to the Ultimate Arabic Course Series — (Level 1)

In this Arabic course you will discover that Arabic is easy to learn. This Arabic course covers all major topics a beginner needs to learn. The topics are arranged in logical order which makes the learning process smooth without getting frustrated or getting lost in the mid of the course.

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► Please Note ◄
This Arabic course is created and designed according to and inline with:
1- CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) and
2- ACTFL (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages)

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— Don't waste your time and learn Arabic from an Arab native professor. 

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I’m thrilled to share The Ultimate Arabic Course Series with you! I created this custom Arabic course with my team because I wanted a better understanding experience for my students. They deserve the best.

After sharing it with my students, I received thousands of requests from other students who wanted to enroll too, and so The Ultimate Arabic Course series was born.

I have put a great effort in creating and developing this course to make sure that every lesson is well-explained and to make sure that you don’t feel lost or frustrated in the middle of the course. 

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► What Makes me Qualified to Teach You?
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Teaching Arabic Language is in my DNA :)

I was born in a family of Arabic teachers, starting from my father to my youngest sister, I hold a Ph.D. in TAFL (Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language).

I have been teaching Arabic language to Arab natives and non-natives for more than 12 years. I have over 10 years of experience in professional Arabic language training, consulting, and education, I have served at universities and leading associations.

All Arabic courses which I have created and developed, are always inline with common European countries framework of reference for language procedure.

For the past 10 years, I have been encountering 100% of satisfaction with all students who undertaken my courses. 

My passion is inspiring my students through my offline and online courses which I have created and developed using my Learn Real Arabic teaching system. 

Since 2003, thousands of students have taken my Arabic courses (online and offline) - and I'm so grateful to every single one of you. 

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► My Promise to You
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I'll be here for you every step of the way. If you have any questions about course content or anything related to any lesson, you can always post a question in your course dashboard or send me a direct message. 

I want to make my courses the best Arabic online courses. So if there is any way I can improve my courses, just tell me and I'll work with my team to make it happen.

Always Up-to-Date Contents! I make great effort to keep my course contents always fresh and updated, when you enroll, you will get free access to all future updates and you will get access to answers to questions submitted by other students like you.

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► Unlike other Arabic courses, this Arabic course is designed in special order to make you not to feel lost or frustrated during the course. You will get full lifetime access to 8+ hours of comprehensive contents recorded in high quality full HD Video Lessons..
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Join Over 10,000 Happy Students enrolled in Learn Real Arabic Courses!
Already, thousands of students are enrolled in Learn Real Arabic courses, they are learning new techniques and shortcuts to learn Arabic faster, and they make more progress than before. With our excellent support team and dedicated Arabic teachers, you’ll be in a great company.

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► Stop wasting your time and learn Arabic correctly from the beginning.

1— Using wrong method from the beginning will cost you a lot! Many students start their Arabic course randomly without a proven system, they start learning how to say certain phrases but as a beginner this is wrong! And actually this is the main reason that makes you to feel lost or frustrated while learning Arabic.   

2— Before anything, you should start with understanding Arabic writing system and Arabic pronunciation system.   

3— Learning these 2 systems correctly from the beginning will help you to understand how Arabic words are written and pronounced correctly.   

4— The Ultimate Arabic Course (level 1) is the single course that helps you to master the 2 systems from the beginning.   

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30 Days Money Back Guarantee
If, for any reason, you don’t like this amazing course, you can get a full refund anytime within 30 days after your purchase. If you have any issues, just get in touch with Skillshare friendly support team and they’ll either help you out until you get the result you need or give you a swift refund.

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► Frequently Asked Questions

Question: When does the course start and finish?
Answer: The course starts now and never ends! It is a completely self-paced online course - you decide when you start and when you finish.

Question: How much time is needed?
Answer:  Each lesson takes about 5-20 minutes to complete. There is NO TIME LIMIT for finishing the course. However, if you need more time, you can study at your own pace.

Question: What if I am unhappy with the courses?
Answer: We would never want you to be unhappy! If you are unsatisfied with your purchase, you can get full refund in the first 30 days.

Question: How long do I have access to the courses?
Answer: How does LIFETIME FULL access sound? After enrolling, you have full unlimited access to all lessons - across any and all devices you own.

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►► Here is what my students are saying about Learn Real Arabic courses
★★★★★  “Thanks Haytham! It is awesome I love this video course. From the first few lessons I can say that lessons are very comprehensive, the voice is very clear I can hear it clearly, the video quality is very good, and your on-screen writing helped me a lot.” — Hanne Joe

★★★★★  “I really learnt a lot from the content of this course; it is very different and actionable. The instructor is professional and makes you feel at ease, his delivery is clear and to the point.” — Emma Jonas

★★★★★  "Haytham is the best Arabic teacher - He is very helpful and did an excellent job. Thanks for this amazing course. I have learned many things."  — Grayson Christopher

★★★★★  "What I can say is Awesome! I have been learning Arabic for quite some time now, however I have learned many new things from this course. definitely I will buy the other courses." — Thomas Eli

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►► Here is what Popular Arabic Teachers & Linguists are saying about Learn Real Arabic Courses
★★★★★  “Learn Real Arabic courses are really good for Arabic learners of all levels. Lessons are well-explained in step-by-step approach and it helps you to learn Arabic fast, I sincerely recommend Learn Real Arabic courses to anyone who's willing to learn Arabic online." — Sami Morsy, Prof.  |  Arabic Language Consultant - UK

★★★★★  “This program is by far the best that I have seen, particularly for teaching Arabic to beginners. It is clearly designed using Modern Standard Arabic. The videos are very comprehensive and step by step.”  — Maram Ryad  |  Arabic Translation Expert - USA

★★★★★  ”The method used is creative and it successfully teaches you a wide range of Arabic vocabulary, Arabic grammar, and sentence structure in an easy way, I highly recommend Learn Real Arabic courses to all Arabic learners beginners and advanced.”  —  Somayya Mohsen, Dr. |  Helwan University - Egypt

★★★★★  ”I have been working with Haytham for quite some time now. Haytham has helped more people learn Arabic language fast - ranging from total beginners all the way to pros - definitely I will recommend the Learn Real Arabic courses to my friends.”  — Khalid Jamil, Dr. |  Islamic University - Malaysia

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Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Haytham Ibrahim, Prof.

Founder of Aralingo Apps

Teacher

Hi there,‎

This is Haytham Ibrahim, highly qualified Arabic language lecturer. I’m an expert in TAFL ‎‎‎(Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language.)‎

Maybe — if you are interested in learning Arabic language — you have come across my name ‎‎before. I’m the Author of the Real Arabic Courses and founder of Aralingo Apps.‎

I have been teaching Arabic to Arab natives and non-natives for more than 12 years.‎ I’m certified as an Official Mind Map Licensed Instructor (BLI)‎

I have taught 1000s of students Arabic language at many universities and institutes using my own methodology.‎ I have created and designed all of my courses according to:‎

‎1— CEFR (Common European Framewor... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introducing Arabic letters: Welcome to the course, the ultimate Arabic course, level one. Molecule, hate them. Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this video, you will be introduced to the Arabic letters. The first thing you should know about Arabic is that we have 28 that was in Arabic. The first letter is the letter Aleph, and the last letter is the letter. Yeah. One of the main features of Arabic language is that the way of writing, as it is always written and read from right to left. As you can see from this table, we have 28 liters from right to left. As we said, the first letter here is LF, and the last letter here is the literary air. Let's read them first to be familiar with them. The first letter here is Aleph. Bet. They said Gee, had a whole. Then they'll will see in she even little odd. Total will likely pull off an F. Let me new one. Well, yeah. As I mentioned, dilatory is the loss literal. So the purpose of this lesson is just to make you to be familiar with the pronunciation of the Arabic letters. That's why I'm going now to read them again. And I want you to read and repeat after me. Elif. Elif. Alice. There, there, there, there, there. There. Set a, a, G, G, G in had, had a half. Whole, whole, whole. They'll, they'll, they'll Z, Z, Z row, row low, Z, Z, Z, C in C In C. When she she she even Shaw. Shaw. So ADH low ADH. 00 00 00 00 00, 00 00. Vole. Will I and II eye line by line. Y. Fair. Fair. Off. Off. Off. F. F f la la la meme. Meme. Meme. Well well well, yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 2. Common mistakes when pronouncing Arabic letters and how to avoid them: a Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Will come to the end Really Arabic. In this video you will be introduced to the common mistakes when pronouncing Arabic letters . As you have learned it earlier. We have 28 Little's. The first letter is the letter Life and the Lost Little is the little Yeah, and here we have learned it really have to pronounce them correctly in the previous listen Now we're going to learn the most common mistakes when pronouncing these letters. Let's take it one by one. The first letter we said here is a leaf Al. If I have heard many people saying a leaf which is wrong So the correct pronunciation off this letter is Elliff a leaf, a leaf. Next letter Here is the letter bear. As you can see here we have two A's. Is there transliteration? Why? Because there is a long about Aleph in the world Bear. That's why we need to eat together. Sound off the letter back when it is pronounce it so you should say here Ah, also have you hear the glow to stop sound at the end of the world back? Yes, because we have a Hamza at the end of the world back when it is written. That's why you always should pronounce this letter as the so. The sound event is the Hamza, which represents the glow to stop in Arabic. I have here some people saying, Bei bei, that's wrong. Why? Because this sound is called spring sound. This wing sound is not exist in Arabic, so it doesn't exist in Arabic, so don't say bay that's wrong. Similarly, don't say ball the bar sound, which sometimes we call it hard sound or heart bear is not exist or does not exist in Arabic. So you shouldn't say ball. And also you shouldn't say bay. The correct way is to say the next letter is the little tear. Okay, as you can see also from here we have double A, which means we have a long vowel Aleph in the world dead. We are going to explain the short and the long vows later on in this course, so you should know that the letter Tak had a long vowel. That's why we need to make their sound longer, a little bit. Don't say step. That's wrong. So you always say, Ah also don't say Hey, hey, We don't have this swing sound in Arabic, so this sound is always that. Remember that this is a soft sound and there is a corresponding and provide sound to this letter, which is the little tall, which we're going to explain this later on in details. So this letter is there. Also remember that we have Hamza here at the end off the transliteration, which means we have it here. That's why we need to use the glow to stop at the end off this letter. So simply say, the the next letter here is the little fair. Sir, This letter also has two A's, which means there is a long vowel here. That's why you need to extend or elongate the sound a little bit. Also, this word or this letter when it is written as a word, it ends with Hamza. That's why also, there is a glow to stop at the end off this world. That's why you need to say fair sound at the end, which we call the Grotta stop because of the Hamza, which we're going to explain about it or to talk about it later on in detail in this course . Also, don't forget there is no spring sound which means don't say say, say that strong as we sit here there is no bay. There is no Tae. Also here there is no se. Also, there is no fall for so don't say fall. So this letter is always fair as it is considered as one of the soft little's in Arabic. As you will learn this letter on next letter here is the letter G Have you noticed also here that we have to ease, which means that there is a long value here in this word. When you read the little regime as a work, there is a yet that's why you need toe elongate the little GM like this way. So this is the next letter is the letter hair help the little hair has to is as you can see it from here, which means there's also a long vowed Aleph here which makes this little hat to be pronounce it as her. Remember also that we have hams at the end of the world hat, which means the glow to stop. That's why you need to pronounce it at the end of the world hair Next letter we have here is that little hole Ho ho! Have you noticed also here that there are two A's which means we have a long about Al If when you pronounce this letter so we say hole one of the common mistakes he is to save this letter as hair which is wrong. So this letter is always hole which we call it amplified sound in Arabic Later on you will learn more about this Also, this letter has hams at the end. As you can see here, we say the little as a whole. Which means there is a law to stop at the end of the world whole. I don't have or don't use the swing sound year, which means the little hope is not ok. So don't say Hey, Later on, you will learn that every letter in Arabic has three different sounds. For example, we have the little tear here Copy pronounce it as their or two or T but never pronounce it as day. Similarly, for the little hole, it has three different sounds. The 1st 1 is whole. 2nd 1 is who this The 3rd 1 is free, but we don't have. Hey, later on, you will learn more about this. The next letter is Dell. So that also has two aces. Which means we have a long vowel Aleph here whenever you pronounce the world Del So del don't say Don't say that next letter Here is the letter Vell. Vell, As you can hear from the sound here is there is a hidden said, which means you need to pronounce it whenever you say this letter. So this letter is Velle and also we have double A, which means you need to extend the sound off the little Vell because it has a long vowel. Aleph. Next letter is the letter raw grow. Have you noticed that we have also double A, which means we have a longer about Al. If that's why you need to elongate the sound off the letter raw whenever you say it. Also, we have the Hamza at the end here, which represents the glow to stop. That's why you need to sit as or bro. Next letter is the little Zehr. So don't say they because we have double a here which represents the long vault in Arabic. That's why we should see it. As the next letter is seen, we have the bill e, which means we have a long vowel. Yet that's why you really need to say this letter as seeing don't say sin. One of the common mistake sister, is to pronounce this letter as sin. No, this letter is seen seen. The next letter here is the letter sheen. She and the letter sheen has double e, which means we have a long vowel. Yeah, here. That's why we need to extend the sound or to elongate the sound off the letter sheen. So you should say she and I have here too many people pronouncing this letter as she m with him. And then that's wrong because we have in here, that's what See in with the letter noon at the end, off the world Sheen Next level is the little floored. As you can see, this letter is an amplified letter which we're going to talk about this later on China. So here we say so source also for which means we have double a here, which means makes us to make the sound longer because it has a long of our Aleph, the next letter is the little board. Also, it's an amplified, its unprepared letter or amplified sound. Here we say they're double A, so you should say it as board and don't say it has not dubbed the Strong. Why? Because there is a double or there are two is here. You need to extend the sound. Next letter is the little toe, toe, toe, toe, toe. Don't say that. Otherwise it will be that the step. That's why you need to amplify the sound here by saying, as you're a total toe toe, have you noticed that we have double A, which you mean there is a longer vote? I live here and later on, as they said many times, you will learn more about this. In this course, there's also Hamza sound, which means glow to stop at the end of the world tall, so you need to say it with the glow to stop at the end of the world. Tall next letter is the little vote vote, so we have double A and also we have the Hamza at the end. That's why you need to get the sound of this letter and to use the growth of stop at the end of the world vote because off the Hamza So here we say HVO next letter is the little I know many people, especially beginner beginners. They say it as I am that strong. You should sit as I I A letter on you will learn how to pronounce this letter correctly when we come to the articulation points off pronunciation. Next letter is the little wine all wine. Some people saying that it's not the day this letter show people around always as war wine , wine. After that we have the little fair, fair, fair, fair, fair. Have you noticed that also here we have the bill A which means we have a long about Elif. So we need to elongate the sound off the word fair. Don't forget also that we have Hamza here at the end off the world. That's why you need to say it with the glow to stop at the end by saying fair next letter is the letter off? Have you noticed also here we have not been a why. Because the world go off has a long vowel Aleph. And it is here represented by the Double A don't say cough. Don't say cough. You should say off like this next letter. Is the little Kev okay? Cave. So also here we have double A, which represent the long vowel Aleph. Next letter is the little lamb. Let lamb also here in the little lamb. That's why. Don't say lump. You should sit as lamb and also don't see it as Lum Lum. Wrong to say this. The correct way is to say Lamb next letter is the little Mim. Have you noticed that we have double he here, which represent the longer I will. Yeah, That's why you need to elongate the sound whenever you pronounce this letter. So simply say me Don't say meme Next letter Here is the letter noon. Have you noticed also that we have double O which represents the longer vowel? Well, that's why you need to say this letter as noon and don't say it as none. Don't pronounce this as none. That's wrong. So here you should say it as noon Next letter is the little hair hair. It has double A as well, which means it has a longer vault, Elif. And also there is a hams at the end, which means there is a glow to stop in pronunciation. So when you say this little, you should sit as ah like this don't just say, hey, Why? Because there is a growth of stop sound at the end, which is Hamza. Next letter is the little, well, it has the bill A which means there's a long vote. I live in this world. That's why you say where I have used many people saying, Wow, what? That's wrong. This letter is soft sound. That's why always is pronouncing the as where, where? Not war. So the correct pronunciation of this letter is well, next Notre is the literally Ah, have you noticed? Year? We have double A, which means we have a longer vote, Al. If that's why, don't say yeah, you really need to see it as yeah. Also, we have a hamza, which means there is a growth, a stop sound at the end of this letter. That's why you need to pronounce it as yeah, and don't say it as yep or just yet. Thanks for watching. And let's move through the next lesson 3. Arabic sounds VS English sounds - deep analysis with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome toe the rial Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about Arabic sound system compared toa English sounds and fanatics. Arabic sounds versus English sounds with examples. Many people think that Arabic is difficult to learn, but after you watch this video, you will find that more than 97% off sounds in Arabic are already in English or they are similar to English sounds. So if you can say ABC in English, you will not have any problem to say Elliff, Burt in Arabic. Have a look at this table in this table. You will have the as you can see from here we have the letters from right to left the letters in the standard and shape in Arabic. And here the letter written as a work in Arabic. Then the next colon is for the transliteration system, according to learn really Arabic phonetic system. The next cold. Um, here we have the example from English and the lost call them is the English little that could be used to represent the Arabic letters. Let's start one by one. The first letter we have here is the little Elif a lif example in English is when you say apple apple. So the first part off the little which is there is equal to the first part of the world apple, which is there. So if we see, we also can see another example is coup could be the word animal an animal. So, as you can see from here, the letter Aleph is in English campaign represented using the little A as in apple or animal. So next letter is the letter bear bet could be represented by the letter B as in as in English ball like bank. Look at the first part off the little bear you will find it be a and the first part or syllable in the word bank also is B A so bear bad, bad bank bear better so we can say here that the little campy represented by the little be in English. The next letter here is the little Ted. Similarly, we have the first part or the first syllable of the letters. There is t A, as you can see here. So if we compare it to the world tank in English, you will find that they are corresponding each other. So here the letter tear can be represented by the letter t That tank next letter is the little set set. Fact is represented by the th as it was like when you say thank you. Fair sir, sir. So here we see, sir. Sank fair sank. So we can say from this that the little fair already in English and can be represented by the compression off the letters T and H together as in Thank you. Next letter is the little gene team. So this letter is represented by the with a J. And in was like when you say jeep or Jack or jacket. So we can say from this that the letter regime is really in English and you can easily say it if you really can say the word. Jacko jacket next letter Here is the little head head. The little hair is not really 100% exist in English. However, if the person is saying the word house when the person is excited, you will find that this letter is represented in this case. So here we say her house or another world like happy, he is very happy. So in the case, The letter hat could be found also in English, represented by the H on the line. Next letter is the little hole. Ho, ho, ho! The little hole does not exist in English, however, is still exist in worse or other western languages like Scotch language or German. Like when you say back or law, it could be resented using the compassion of the two letters. K h next letter is the letter. Del del Dan is daring English and Kobe represent about the little D as in the world. Dad. Dad! So you have Dell. Dad. Next letter is the letter. Vell. Vell. This letter is exactly pronouncing when you say the sound off the word vet or this or even when you say these So that vell that Val, have you noticed that there is a zit sound here which is hidden and actually should be? Pronounce it Whenever you pronounce this letter. Velle next letter is the little role. Well, rock could be represented using the litter or by the little are like when you say worse, like role r a w r ro r o w The next letter we have here is the letter Z. There is a clear that so, like when you say Zab is a good example to represent the sound off the letters A in Arabic . The next letter is the little scene scene This letter campaign represented by the little S as in the world scene Next letter is the letter sheen She is is represented by the competition off the two letters is and etch in words like when you say shall or should next letter is the little short that it the sword is an amplified sound in Arabic and it could be found in English in words like sword or sold poor. So it's a w. All of these words could be used as a good example to represent a little short in Arabic. Next letter here is the little doored Lord. The little doored is one of the amplified letters and could be represented by the little D or the underlying d. As in worse. When you say done or dot, dot or don't don't so we can say that the let off door or the sound of the little doored could be found in English. The next letter here is the little Tour talk is another amplified letter in Arabic and is represented by the underlying T in words like when you say troll or talk so all of these wars can be used or could be used as a good example for the little talk. Next letter is the letter vote vote. This sound in English could be found in words like old vote or vote, and it could be represented using the D sound, the D and H letters. The next letter is the little line. I know this letter is not applicable or can be found in English, and this is one of the first letters that you can't find them in English. The next letter is the little line, Well, wine. Brian also is not in English, however, you still can find it in French. So when you share the when you say, for example, runs for aunts or bevy Perry. So this is actually the Arabic letter. Why the next letter is the little fair for fair is represented by the little F in words like when you say fat or fact or factory. Wolf Cough is represented by the letter Q. In worst, like Qatar, when you say Qatar or when you say quantum, quantum or quality quality. The next letter we have here is the little K F calf is represented by the letter K in worse like kangaroo. Kangaroo is a good example for the little calf. Next letter is the little lamb. Lamb is represented by the little l like when you say lamb lamb that at the name is represented by the letter m like when you say men or meat known. No one is represented by the letter n in words like noon afternoon. Next letter is the letter head hair. This letter can be represented by the little edge in worst, like when you say hat or handsome Next war Next letter. He is the little where Remember that this letter always pronounced as where and shouldn't be pronounced as wall. So that's why you can say this letter as work work on represented here by W the next letter . He is the letter, Yeah, yeah, is represented by the little Why in worst like when you say Yahoo, yahoo or yellow Yellow As you can see from this table, most of the sounds actually can go to in 97 person off letters in Arabic are really they're in English, which means if you really can say them in English, like why and W and H in Yahoo work Hat noon all of these wars. If you can say them, you don't have any problem to say the corresponding sounds in Arabic. We have only three letters, the letter I am and the little line and the little hole. These letters are not exact exist, really in English, however, still exist in different languages. As we said, the other letters are very simple and very easy for you to say, as long as you are able to say the corresponding English sounds. So from today, I want you to change your mindset and start to say that Arabic is easy and you will learn it. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next listen. 4. Arabic Sounds Qualities explained in details : a Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about sounds in Arabic today. We're going to learn more about soft sounds versus and the fight sounds in Arabic, with examples in Arabic. We have two groups of sounds. The first group is soft sounds and amplify sounds, and the second group is short sounds and long sounds. In Group number one. Soft sounds are 20 letters, and I will fight sounds or eight letters. In Group number two. It is related to short and long vowels. We have three letters for long routes, and we have three characters for short votes. In today's lesson, we're going to learn more about group number one, which means so sounds and amplify sounds and for group number two going to learn it in dictates later on in this coast. First of all, let's have a look at the following table from right to left. As you can see from here, the call them Number two is for the standalone chiefs off their 28 letters and as usual, the second or the next table or the next. Coolum is for the letters in Arabic, and the 3rd 1 is for the transliteration, according to Learn Real Arabic Phonetic system. Then we have that soft sound cold. Um, and the amplified called him. Let's start one by one. The first letter we have as usual, here is the letter Aleph. As you can see from here, the letter Aleph is a soft sound or a soft little, and it doesn't have partner as amplified version. That's why when we pronounce the letter Aleph, we pronounce it always as air and cannot be pronouncing as all That's why there is only one version off the letter Aleph, which is soft sound. The next letter we have is the little bear. The little bear is a soft sound in Arabic, and it doesn't happen. Have amplified version or partner. That's why it's strong to pronounce this little as ball, so it is always soft, and it's pronounced always as bad. Mixed letter is the little tear. The letter. Tet is a soft sound in Arabic and in the same time it has an amplified version, which is tall. As you can see, the little tech is solved and the little tour is there. Amplified version off the little tech mixed letter is the letter fed. The little fair is a soft sound in Arabic, and it doesn't have an amplified version. That's why it's wrong to say the little the little fair as fork. That's wrong. The correct one is to say it always as fair. Next letter is the letter regime. The letter regime is always soft, and it doesn't have a partner as an MPA fed partner, which means always re pronounced this little as Jair. And it's wrong to say as Joel, so we don't have the jaw sound in Arabic. The next letter is head, and as you can see, it is always soft and cannot be amplified. So it's wrong to say this letter as Hall on the correct way, is to see it as hair. Next letter is the little hole. The nether hall is always amplified, and it doesn't have a soft version or partner. That's why it's wrong to say this letter as hair, so always say this little as a whole. Next letter is the little del. That is a soft sound, and in the same time it has amplified version, which is the little board That's why we say Del and every five version is bored similarly for the next letter, which in the letter veil the little veil is a soft sound in Arabic, and it has amplified vision as well. Which is Vaux So always, we say the soft sound as veil and amplified version is Vote next. Little is the little rule, as you can see here, this letter always amplified in the modern standard Arabic. So we say this little as role really next letter here is the little Z. There is a soft sound, and it doesn't have, Ah, an amplified version. So it's wrong to say this letter as Zoi orzo. That's wrong. The correct way is to say it always, as they next letter is the letter seen. The letter C in is a soft sound, and in the same time it has an amplified version, which is the little sword. So we have seen and we have soared. Next letter is Sheen. The letter sheen always solved, and it doesn't have amplified version. That's why I always say this little as sheen and don't see it as show so we don't have shore sound in Arabic and we have share instead of this next letter is that a sword soared , as you have a sui have mentioned earlier. The little short is amplified version off the little scene. Similarly, for the little board, which, if we said really that it is the amplified version off the little day. Also, the little tour is the amplified version off the little tech, and the little vote is amplified version off the little veil. Next letter is the little eyeing the letter. I am always solved. Which manager? We always say, I but don't say all so. We don't have our inner bit. Next letter is the little wine. The little wine by itself always amplified, and it doesn't have the soft version, which means, don't say hey, always say all the next letter is the little fair. Fair is a soft sound, and it doesn't have an amplified version, which means we always it as fair and wrong to say it as full four. So we don't have four sound in Urban. The next letter we have here is the little calls call off. As you can see, this letter is amplify, and it has a soft version, which is the little KF cave, so we have calf is a soft sound, and the amplified version is the little call. And also, as we said, that the calf here is the soft version over the amplified version cough. The next letter here is the little lamb. Lamb is always solved, and it doesn't have, Ah, an amplified version. So always say this little as lead. But don't say it as law. The next level here is the little name. Name is always soft and it doesn't have a partner or it doesn't have an amplified version, which means we say this little always as mayor. But don't say it as more so. If you see it more, that's wrong in Arabic. The next letter here is the little noon. Noone is a soft sound in Arabic, and also it doesn't have an amplified version. That's why it's correct to say now. But it's wrong to say no next letter is the letter head head. This letter is a soft sound, and it doesn't have an amplified version. That's why it's correct to say it as hair, and it is wrong to say it as a whole. The next letter is the letter. Well, the letter well is a sore off sound, and it doesn't have amplified version, which means it's it is correct to say it as where, But it is wrong to say it as wall law. So we don't have war sound in Arabic. The last night that we have here is the little year. Yeah. Have you noticed that this letter is really solved and it doesn't have an amplified version . That's why it's correct to say it as Yeah, but it will be wrong if you said it as your 5. Soft Sounds VS Amplified Sounds (the 5 pairs): Let's have a look again and the letters to see which other is solved and which one is amplified. The first letter we have here is Aleph, as we mentioned is a soft sound. Next letter is bad soft. They're soft, fair, soft gm, soft hat, soft heart is amplified. Del soft fell soft role is amplified. They soft seeing soft she and soft Saad and doored and tour. And so all of them or all of these four letters are amplified. Next little design, this is soft. Next letter is line is amplified. Then we have fair, soft off amplified Kev Soft lamb, soft mame, soft known soft hair Soft. Well, soft. Yeah, soft. If you count this letters, you will find that they are 20 letters. If we count their amplified little's, you will find them eight letters. So we have the whole and the raw Ford and board. So ville wine and wolf these Ah, the it let us that considered as amplified. Let's see if we have pairs soft and amplified or not again, you will find that the letter tear is a soft sound and amplified version off. There is that little tool. So you would have here. The there is the amplified version is the soft version off the little talk. Next letter is the little del, and the little del here is soft and the amplified version off Dell is the little board. So now we have Dell and Lord. The next letter we have here is the little Velle. And as you can see, the little veil is a soft sound and amplified version. Off the little veil is vote. The next letter we have here is the little scene seen is a soft litter and amplified version is the little sword Then the next letter we have here is the little calf and is a soft sound and amplified version is the little off. So if you count these letters or these pairs off letters, you will find that we have five pairs off letters solved and amplified. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next Listen 6. Soft Sound and amplified sounds with Examples: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here working to learn real Arabic. In this short video, you will learn more about soft and amplifying Little's, especially the five pairs as you have learned it earlier in Arabic. We have three types off sounds in Arabic. The first type is the soft and they are 20 little's. And the second time we have here is the amplified. Or sometimes we call it Howard Sounds and they are eight little's. The third type is soft and amplified partners and they are five pairs. Have a look at the letters again and in this stable we will see how the soft sounds are. Pronounce it The first soft sound we have here is the Aleph Aleph. But the Ah, him Ah the the the See in and I am Ah Giff Lam Me No one hair Well, yeah, All of these 20 letters are soft letters. The next table we have here is for the amplified letters. The first letter we have here is the little hole. Ah ah! Forward bro toe! So Blaine off! As you can see, we have here aired letters and they should people pronounce it as amplified or heart sounds . The next table we have here is that for the partners or for the five pairs, which means we have one little soft and it has an amplified version. The first pair we have here is the level there and the little hole there. Oh, uh, then we have Dell and bored. So they amplified version of the little Dell is bored then and vote very and vote. Then we have the little scene and sword, scene and sword. The next pair we have here is the Giff and the amplified version off the or partner off the little calf is the little golf gift. Have a look at this table and hear from the right hand side was started with the letter and then we have the next cold, Um, for the Arabic name of the letter, then the English letter which corresponds to the sound in Arabic and hear that transliteration. As you can see from here we have the little or the first pair there and throw the letter Tear is represented by the little T and the little tour is represented by the underlying t . The next pair we have here is the letters Del and good del and board They're here is represented by the letter D and the little door, which is amplified version off the letter Dell is represented by the underlying be next pair we have here is the little veil and so well, and vote. As you can see, this letter veil is represented by the DEA's it on the line and the little war, which is amplified version off. The little veil is represented by the D. H on the line. The next player we have here is the level seeing and forward seeing and sword. The little seeing here is represented by the letter s and the amplified version off the little scene is the little sword, and it is represented by the underlying s. The next pair we have here is the little calf and little off the little calf is represented by K and the amplified version off the little calf is the letter cough, and here it is represented by the letter Q. So it is very important to you to pronounce these letters correctly, especially the soft sound and the amplified sounds, because that might make mistakes, went pronouncing some works. And you're going to learn more about this in the next video. Thanks for watching and let's move through the next lesson 7. How to write the 28 letters correctly step by step: Salaam alaikum item. Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the and really Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about the soft and amplified sounds in Arabic, with examples For the purpose of this. Listen, I have given some words here as examples. You will learn more about how to write words in Arabic in the coming few lessons. If you remember, we have learned that we have five purse off letters in Arabic, soft and amplified sounds. These letters are the little Ted and talk. So the first pair we have here is step and talk. If we take an example off the little debt, we have the word Ah, the the stabber is a verb, and it means to repent. The amplified version off the little tear is the little troll, as you have noticed the sound difference. As example, off the little tour, we have the verb Tolbert. Oh, back If we compare the two words Tab and TOBA, you will find that they are equivalent in the number of letters. For example, we have here the word Taba starts with the little tear. Then we have a lift. And that and for the war Tober, it's trust with a little tour and then followed by LF and there. The main difference between them is just only the first word starts with there in the Second World. This started with straw, and as you can see, it is really important to learn how to pronounce them correctly, because the meaning will be different, as you can see from here. So there is no relationship between the wort Erba and Torbert. The first world means to repent. The second word or word here means to be sweet. The next pair we have here is the little del and board then and board. As an example of the little del. We have the world their own, they're on, which means a house and the amplified version off the little Dale is the little board, and as an example, we have the world door run door run, which means harmful or dangerous. If we compare the two words, we will find that they have three letters each. The first war start with Dell Elif Raw. The second word starts with doored I live wrote, which means the main difference between the two worst is the first letter. So the first letter. He is Dell and the first letter he is dogged. As you can see, there's no relationship between the two words. That's why you need to be careful who, whenever you pronounce the little Del overboard in words. The second per we have here is the little Velle and the amplified version is vote well, vote If we take an example of the little veil we will find here the world the real Villarreal, which means low or lonely. And if we take another example for the little vore, we have the world via Lille volley low, which means shady. As you can see from here, that was almost equal. But only the difference between them is the there in the beginning. In the first example and the little vore in the second example, that's why you need to be careful whenever you pronounce, whenever you find a little vell or vore inwards. The next pair we have here is the little scene and Ford scene and shored as an example Off the soft sound scene we have the verb you silly, which comes here in full letters. Yeah, seen lam and yet the second example is the verb usually, which is equal to the verbal number one you silly, except for the 2nd 1 has soared and the 1st 1 has seen, as you can see, the meaning off your solely is toe. Pray. That's what you need to be careful toe or not, whenever you pronounce the little scene and sword when they are in words. The second per we have here the calf and amplified version. Off the calf is the little cough K F. Wolf. As an example of the little calf we have the world kelp, which means a dog and as an example of the little cough, is the world called, which means heart. As you can see, the main difference between the two worlds is the first world comes with calf in the beginning, and the second word comes with cough in the beginning, which makes a big difference in meaning. So you need to be careful whenever you pronounce any of these pairs inwards, because the meaning might be different. As you have seen here. Thanks for watching, and let's move to the next lesson 8. How to write the 28 letters according to the line: Salaam alaikum Haytham Ibrahim is here. We're come to learn real Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write Arabic letters step by step, as you have learned it earlier. Arabic letters can be arranged in groups, off letters. Each group of letters has one or two or three members. All members in the same group are written in the same way, and they can be identified from each other by two things. The 1st 1 is number of votes. The 2nd 1 is the placement off these dots. Have a look at this table and see, for example, the little Aleph. It comes by itself, which means it has no partners or it doesn't have a partner. Second group we have here is the group off bare and and set. All of the three letters here can be written in the same way, and the main difference between them is just the dot, which comes below their back, and the two dogs, which comes above the tear and the three dots, which he comes above the fit. Similarly, for the group of Jim and hat and hope, these are three members are written same way or each member is written in the same way. Similarly, for the next group of letters, which we have here then and then the main difference between them is just only the dot which comes here above the letter, then raw and they seen and chin, as you can see from here, these group of with others are written in the same way. And the main difference between them is the dot, which might come above or below the letter and the placement off these dots. Now we are going to learn how to write this little step by step. Before I start, I recommend you to prepare a pencil and paper and start to right after me. The first letter, as we said, is the letter Aleph and should be written like this way from top to bottom next to a group of letters. We have better and Ted and said So we write the main is Carlton off these letters which is written from right to left like this. Then we place the dot below the little bet. And if it is that we right there two dots above it and similarly for the letter fair which comes with three letters. Next group of letters, we have the letters GM and hat and hope. So Jim is written like this. We write the head first, then we come down with the tail. And then we bought the dot. That's regime has no doubts. So it is just only written like this way and the hope is written like this. But the dot in this time is above the letter. Next to group of letters, we have Dell and then Dan is written like this, and Veil is written like this with one dot above it. Then we have the little role, the letter raw written like this and they exactly same as raw, but with one dot above it. So we have Dell, Val raw and zey. Next group of letters we have seen and sheen we start here with the tea is first. Then we take the tail down like this in case of scene. She and exactly same. But with the three dots above it. Next to group off. Let us We have ah, sword and board. So it is written like this. We start with the oblong. Then we write the tale. Then that exactly same. But it has a dot above it. So just we read the rod exactly like sword with one dot thought dog. Then we have the little toe. So the little talk is written like this, the oblong first. Then we come with the stroke from top to toe down like this way, the little vote is exactly saying, but with one dot above it. So now we have soared board toe Vaux, Then we have and I'm and lying. So the little Ryan is written like this. We read the head first. Then we take the tail down similarly for the little Ryan which is written like this and just the place about here. So here we have hiding and lying Have a look again to the table to see. You will find that here we have the bear and the they are written in one group. And then we have team have and hope Del and well raw and they seen and sheen, sword and god toe and voke high. And why? Starting from the little fair, as you can see from here, all of these letters they don't have partners. That's why we have so we need to write them by themselves, which means alone. Similarly for the letter Aleph. So all of these letters has no partner partners. That's why when we write the fare here, the little fair is written like this. Oh, written like this way noticed The difference between the cough and the fact that has no nick or the next year is shorter than cough. Letter only will learn that cough goes below the line and the fact is just a flat letter urging always on the line. So this is fair and cough Next letter is the little KF k f. Then we have the little lamb, which is that like this and the little man is written like this. So now we have fair off calf lamb mean after the mean we have the letter noon which is written like this. Then we have the little hair which is written like this many people, the right, the head like this. But actually this is that when it comes in the beginning of the word and remember, until now we are just learning the letters in the standalone shape and not in the initial shape. That's why this is the correct shape of the letter hair when it is written in the standalone shape, which means not connected to any other letters. After the little hair we have the little well, which is written like this. And then the last little we have here is the letter. Yeah, which comes with two dots below. So this is the way which we always use when we're whenever we write these 28 letters. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next listen. 9. How to write the 28 letters correctly step by step: a Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write Arabic letters according to the line. In order to write Arabic words correctly and fast, you need to learn how to write the letters according toe the line learning This will help you to improve your Arabic writing and will speed up your writing. You should know that Arabic letters can be written according toe the line as follows. Some letters can be written can be written on the on the line, like the letter back like this. Some letters can be divided into two parts head and tail. The head goes above the line and the tail goes below the line. For example, we have zem, the head is here and the tail goes below the line like this. Some letters can be written below the line like, for example, the little yeah, with the adults here. Let's start that 28 letters according toe the line. Before we start, I commend you to grab a piece of paper and a pencil and start writing after me. The first letter we have is the letter Aleph and the little Aleph is written on the line like this next to group of letters is bad and said So we write the back on the line like this. The next letter is there. There is exactly same as bad on the line, but with two dots above. Next letter is the little fair which is written like this on the line, also with the three letters on top. Next group of letters We have zem and hat and hope GM comes with head and tail. The head goes above the line on the day goes below like this. Similarly for hat and Hope was one dot above next to group letters we have done and then that is written like this and Vell is written like this, but with one dot above next, a group of letters we have raw and they the little rock written according toe the line as follows as you can see, we have one piece or space or 11 small piece off the letter written above the line, and the tail goes below the line. Similarly, for the little they like this with one dot above it. Next letter is that letter seen that it has seen and sheen. They are written exactly same. So we write the scene first, which it comes like this. Then we come down with the tail and the tail goes back a long way until it touches the line again. So that's for that. That's a scene. The letter seen exact machine is written exactly. Same with the three dots. Then we have soared and bade the little sod written the oblong off the the sword is written on the line like this. Then the tail goes below and it comes back a long way. Toe touch the line again. Similarly, for dog the oblong first on the line, then you take the tail to touch the line again was wondered above it the little tour and vote. So it is written like this on the line and vote is written same. But with wonder the little tour and for never go below the line. The next group of letters we have behind and wine. So the letter I has ahead, which goes above the line and the tail goes below the line like this. The next letter is right, which is written exactly same, but with one dot above it. So this is the way off writing the two little sign and why Next letter we have is the little fair for and off. So then it that fat is written on the line like This Way and the little cough Britain like this. As you can see, it goes below the line and the tail comes back a long way. Toe touch the line again. The little calf which is written like this. The little lamb goes below the line, as you can see, and the tail of the lamb comes back again. Toe touch the line. The next letter is the little name. The little mean. The circle is written like this on the line, and the tail or the stroke goes down or go below the line. The next letter is the letter noon. Noone is different from bear and care and said, As you have as you have seen the little bear and care, and third, they are written as flat on the line. However, the little noon goes be toe the line with one dot above next letter off. After the little noon, we have the letter hair, which is just a small circle as we agreed before. This is the standalone or the isolated shape of the letter hair, which is not connected to any other letters. That's why we write it as a small circle on the line. Next letter is the little wow which is written like this, and it goes big toe the left toe, the line. So now we have Mame on the noon hair well, and the last little we have is the little year, which is written like this way below the line with the two dots. This is the correct way whenever you write the Arabic letters. As I said, learning this method will help you to speed up your writing. And actually, it improves your Arabic writing. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 10. Common mistakes when writing Arabic letters and how to avoid them: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn real Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to avoid the most common mistakes when writing Arabic letters. As you have learned it earlier, you need to follow a certain direction when you write any Arabic letter as a customer or as an English speaker. You might make some mistakes when writing the Arabic letters. Knowing these common mistakes will help you to avoid these mistakes when writing words in the near future. Most mistakes in writing Arabic comes from writing the letters in the wrong direction, mostly from left to right. Let's see these mistakes as you have learned it earlier. The Arabic letters should follow a certain direction, and if you write them in the wrong direction, that will make it or that will slow you down when writing works. So let's take the first letter, which is the letter Aleph. The little LF should be written in a certain direction, which means from top to bottom. So if you want to write it, simply write it like this. So if you write it from bottom to top means that this method is wrong, so you need toe right it in this direction, Not in this direction. The next group of letters is the letters BAP, death and step I have seen I have seen many people who, when writing the little bear they write it like this, which means following a wrong direction. Why? Because they might. Some people, they write it from left to right. So the correct way is to write it from right to left like this. So if we want to fool the correct direction here assembly, we just write it from here as we agreed. But writing this from this But I think this letter from left to right makes it wrong similarly for the letter and said so should be written like this. A step and the little fair also should be written like this next letter or next group of letters. We have Jim hat and hope the little GM should be written in this direction. So you start first with the head, then you take the tail as we agreed before, I have seen many people writing this letter from tail toe head like this, which means that's wrong. Why? Because we should start from this direction here The head first, then the tail and the dot as we agreed last time to be written at the end. Some of the leaf or hair and hot should follow this direction like this next to a group of letters. Dell and then. And I don't think that you can make mistakes here because it's very clear that it should be rated like this. So this Dell and then similarly for the raw and the letters a so raw is written like this. They also takes this direction next to a group of letters which is seeing and sheen. Of course, you know that we always thought with the teeth. So just write it like this and take the tail down. That's for the little seen similarly for the little sheen that should follow the same direction, but using three dots above it, the little sword and board as usual. This two letters of these two letters have oblong, so we start always with the problem. So just write it like this. Then you take the tail down and get it back again to the line as we agree before. So this is for the sword and exactly same for that Lord, but with one dot above it next to a group of letters. Ah, the group of tall and vote. I have seen many people on the right. The tour, the write it like this, which is wrong because you shouldn't start with the stroke. You should start always with the up problem. So here, simply write the open first. Then you come from top to down with the stroke or with a stick. So this is the way off writing the little talk. Exactly. Same for the little vote. Don't try the little of or like this. This is wrong. The correct way is to write it always with the long first. Then you come down with the stroke and then just about the dot like this way. So this is the correct way off. Writing the letter for and vote next level is the letter Ayn and wine. So you should write. I am like this. They hit first, then take the tail down. That's for I and for the letter wine. Similarly, it is written like this, but with one dot above it. So the correct direction is to is to write it like this first, here then you take the tail. Similarly for the little guy fair and the coffee. You don't have any problem because for is always a flat letter written on the line with the small circle and short neck. So this is for the fair. Half is different because cough has a longer neck and the circle is above the line with the longer with a longer neck. As we said so simply read the cough like this. So as you can see these two letters or equal, because many people think that the cough is another version off the letter fair. But just come with it comes with two dots instead of one. That strong because the cough when it is written, especially in the at the end of the world as you will learn letter is totally different from the way for writing the letter fat. The letter calf, which comes after the cough, is written like this, as were great, and you need just totally to write a small a small calf on top here. So just write it like this as you as we have let it before. This is this sign or this character is the small calf in or in all the earth is a cave in a small scale. When it is written as or in the beginning off the world. Later on, you will learn from where we go to this letter. Next letter is lamb. Lamb is written, of course, in this direction. So you always should follow this direction from top to bottom, and you take the tailback toe. Touch the line as we learn it earlier. The little name. The little name is written just like this, and you should follow the same direction as we have learning before the next letter we have here Is that letter noon? The letter noon. Many people think that noone is similar to bear and tear and fair. However, that's wrong because, as you can see from here, the little noon looks like a boat or more covered than in case of bad or or fair. Remember that bear? We wrote it like this, which means more flat on the line. However, the little noon goes below the line, so noone is not like that. Next letter we have is the letter hair. Remember, we have said that the little hair is a small circle written always on the line like this. So as you can see many people, they used to write the head like this. Actually, this shape is correct. But when it comes only in the beginning, off the word as you're going to learn this Charla later on in another video. But for this shape, it is written like this when it is isolated or when it comes by itself. Stand alone. So you should consider this Not this that next letter, which is, well, no problem with the little well, try to make it like this and remember that many people they get confused with the well when it is written and cough as you can see from here. The cough or the neck off the cough is more vertical on the line. However, in case off wow, it is curving below the line. So that's for the letter. Well, next letter is the letter year, which is always written below the line like this way. So that's for the letter. Yeah, thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson 11. How to write the 28 letters in the correct direction using arrows method: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here, working to learn drill Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write the 28 letters in the correct direction using Earth. You should know that every letter in Arabic has its own direction, and if you write the letter in the wrong direction, this will slow you down whenever you write Arabic words. That's why this is another way that helps you to learn how to write Arabic fast and to how to improve your writing. As you can see here, from the examples we have, the letter bear is written according to the line, as you can see, and also there are some arrows here that takes number that takes numbers, which indicates the starting point and the last point. For example, in the case of the Little Bear we start from here. Then you take this direction, and then this the Russia and the dot takes the lost destination. That's why here takes number four. Similarly for regime and for Dell raw seeing and shot. In this video, I will show you how to write each letter in Arabic in their correct direction. So before we start and commend you to grab a piece of paper and a pencil and start writing after me. Let's start as usual with the first letter, which is the letter Aleph. The little Aleph comes always and written from top to bottom like this. The next two group of letters bet there and said they have the same direction. So when we write them, we write the bad first like this. Remember we still writing according to the line on the lotus here. So you should follow this direction similarly for the dead. And the letter said the little regime. As we said before, we should start with head and the head written first. Then the teeth comes second and the dot comes third. Similarly for her and hope next group of letters we have dealt. And then So that is written like this and exactly same for Vell. But with one dot above it. The next letter we have here is the letter raw and they so raw is written like this and they is written exactly same, but with one dot above it seeing and sheen. So we start always with the teeth. So we start from here, then then touch the line as we learn it. Before then we have the letter sheen, which is exactly same a scene, but with the three dots above. This is the correct direction. Whenever you're right scene and jean next letters we have shored which we start always with oblong. Then the tail comes down and to touch the line back again, but is exactly same as sword but with one dot above. It makes the group of letters we have tour and vote on the line. We write the thought like this and then next step is to write their stroke from top to two down. So that's for the Let's talk. Var is exactly same, which is written the belong first, then the stick or the stroke comes from top to down and just blessed out here. I and wine. I has a head and take the head is above the line and rated in this direction like this and the tail goes below the line. So you write the head first, then take the tail. Second next letter is vying exactly saying as high, but with one dot above it. So it is written like this and the is the last thing. So that's for high and wine. Next letter is the letter fair. Remember that fair on the line? So we write it like this. So we start with with the circle. Then you go straight forward until you come to the end. Then place the dot here. So this is the correct direction off the of fair. The little cough goes big toe the line So we read the cough like this. Then you bought the two dots above. Next letter is the little calf. So care if you come from top, then you write this direction and then you write it like this way. Next letter we have is the little lamb. So the letter lamb written like this. So you start from the top side of the line and then you go down with the taste. So this is actually 11 step writing off the letter lamb next letter is mean. So you take the Mim here on the line. Then you go down with this letter with the With this stroke down or in the bottom? No one. You start from here and just both adults after you finish. Next letter is the letter hair, which is as we agreed, is a small circle written on top or on the line. So we read it like this next letter is the letter. Well, so you start from here, then you take, the tail goes down. So if you write it again small circle, then you take the tilde. The next letter is the little year and it should be written as we agree below the line. And you put the two dots here. So, as you can see from this way or this way, frightening each other has its own way off writing according to the line and also using the correct directions. That's why if we come again to the letters just to show you the correct direction off each letter with arrows, if we start as usual, as I said with the letter a lift. So let's take the direction here. So it should come from top to bottom next letter or next to group of letters back there and said You should start from here, then there's direction. So this and then back again here. Then the dot comes as a lost step similarly for and you put the dots the two dots above Also for the letter fair. It takes this direction. Then the three dots comes radiant. Next, the group of letters we have zem and hope so if you read the head first So you take this direction then the tail and the dot comes at the end similarly, for the letter Hap with our dots and then we have for her which should be written like this and the dot here comes at the end similarly for Dell and value, right, this and this direction. So the arrow start from here, then you take new one for the rest off the letter so he for well and also for here. Then the dot comes at last stage, then raw and they and the daughter forget then the for the scene. As we said, we start always with the teeth. So you take the teeth first like this. Then the tail takes this direction. She and which is exactly saying as the scene. But remember to place the three dots at the end. After you write the letter sheen sought as usual, we start with the oblong. Then you think that they're from this direction? Not exactly same And don't forget that we have one dot here the letter tour, we start with the long then the arrow or authority the stroke or the steak comes from top to tudo. Va is exactly same. And don't forget that we have one dot here little hein and the vine they have had and taste . So the head goes like that and the tail takes this direction. The line is exactly same. And don't forget that we have one dot here. Next letter we have is the little fair. The letter fair. We start with the sports circuit a little bit on top of the line. Then you take it flat on the line. And don't forget to place about here. The little cough takes this direction, and the two dots also comes here, Jeff. A little like this. And we read the small calf character above the little cave at the end after we finished the main skelton off the little calf. Similarly for the little Lambs. So we read the lamb. As they said in this direction, Mame is written like this should be written like this, actually, So you just write the this direction No one like this and the place. Don't forget toe place a dot above the noon. The hair takes this direction always from right to left. And the little world is written like this. So the last letter we have here is the letter. Yet don't forget the two dots below the little Yeah, this is the correct direction off each letter. And really, we need to learn how to write these letters. According to this direction, this will improve your writing and will make it fast. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 12. Introduction to writing Arabic words step by step (short introduction): a Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write any Arabic work as you have learned it earlier. Arabic is read and written from right to left by joining letters or, in other words, connecting letters. Cursive Lee as in English, out as incurs If English. Let's write few words to see how to write Arabic words. The first word we have here is the world more limb? No, I limb which means a teacher and should be written like this more limb. Next war is the world khalib khalib, which is written like this the world called means heart. Next word we have is the world Toby for B, which means a doctor, Bobby. Next word is the word key Tab Kate Ah, which means a book from the examples above. Have you noticed that letters are connected from right to left? That's why you need to learn the different shapes off each other to be able to recognize the letter when you connected to following or a proceeding letter. So the words which we have written just now are my limb, my limb, which means a teacher. See, we have started from here. Then we started to connect the letters in this direction from right two left. You should know that any word in our can be written According to the full wing rule, every Arabic letter has four shapes depending on the position off the little in the world. The four shapes our eyes full lose. If we considered this circle as our little if we read it alone like this means that the letter is stand alone shape or isolated. So the standalone shape the letter is not connected to any other letters. Second cheap is if the letter comes in the beginning of the word which we call it initial. And in that case, the circle which we have here, which represents the Arabic letter, comes in the beginning off the world. That's why we have it here in the beginning, which means no letters here from the right side. So it is now getting to go connected to the following letter which comes after it. The next shape is the middle shape, which means the letter comes in between two letters. So if we consider that the circle here is our letter it means that it is connected from the right to a receding letter and in the same time it is connected from the left to a following letter. So this letter considered as receiving letter this letter considered as a following better . And this is our letter which comes here in the middle, the next ship and the lost in the terminal ship. The term the shape means the letter is the lost little in the world, which means it is preceded by one letter and there is no a full of one letter in six in this case simply because the letter here is the last letter in the world. So if we consider that the circle here represents our letter, it means that it disconnected from here the right side with another or connected to another letter. But here, no more letters because the letter in this case is the last little in the world. If you lend it this four shapes, you will be able to write any word in Arabic as you will see shortly in the next lesson. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson. 13. Connecting letters VS non-connecting letters: Salaam alaikum Hi. Time Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn more about connecting and none connecting letters. As you have learned earlier. We have 28 letters in Arabic. 22 letters are connecting, which means you need to connect any off them. There were clue to the following letter without leaving space. And these letters are starting here from the little bear. The regime hair uh, whole seeing sheen floor board for a vote. I am wine. Ah, Pull Giff Lam maim noone hat And yet any of these letters When it is written in a word, you need to connect them directly to the following letter without leaving a space. However, the other six letters considered as none connecting letters because you still need to leave a space between them and the following letter. And these six letters are elliff del vell raw. They well, so if we want to write a full of them letter to the letter Aleph here in this case, you need to leave a smaller space after the olive immediately and for the letter del also, you need to leave a small the space between the day and the following letter because the Dell is one of the non connecting letters. The letter veil you need also to leave a space after it before you write the new little the little raw. Also, you need to leave a space here. The little is a you need to leave a space. And the last one we have here is the letter. Well, so in summary, we have 22 letters considered as connecting letters starting from the little bear and the lost one in the letter. Yeah, any of these letters? When you connect them to a full of letter, you connect them directly without leaving small space immediately off for them and the non connecting letters. We have our six letters and they are Elif del Vell raw, they and well, which means whenever you write any of these letters in a word, you need to leave a small space between them and the following letter. Thanks for watching. And let's move through the next lesson. 14. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word) : Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. We're come to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write the 28 letters in the initial shape. As I have mentioned earlier, the letter is considered as initial who, when that is written in the beginning of the world, or when the letter is preceded by one of the non connecting letters Alef or Dell or there or roll zey, or that it's Ah well, in this table you will find that we have the letters or the 28 letters in the standalone shape, which means the little is written myself without connecting to following or preceding little. In other words, you can say they are isolated. When we write these letters again in the initial ship, we need to do some steps. Here is another table for the Littles when they come in the initial shape, as you can see from here, starting from the little Al if you need to leave a space after the letters, the live here because, as we agreed before, Aleph is one of the non connecting letters. Similarly, for Dell and then raw, they and litter well, the rest of the letters starting with from the letter bear. Have you noticed that we have really cut the second part off the letter? Why? Because we want the letter to be ready to get connected to the following letter. And also, we have moved the dot from the center to the utmost right side. As you can see from here similarly for tech and set the next group of letters the little GM and hat and hope they are here in the beginning of the world. Why? Because we have cut already the tail off the little regime here toe make it ready to get connected to the following little. Similarly, for both the little hat and hope the next two group off letters which is the little scene and sheen. Have you noticed that we have cut off the tail already off the scene and the sheen? Because we want to make them ready to get connected to the following letter. The next group of letters we have soared and board. We have done the same. Cut the tail off and just make it ready to be connected to the following letter. Have you noticed that we have one tooth, which it comes immediately after the oblong off the little sword and thought Next group off letters. We have the letter talk and vote. You just need to make it a little bit longer from here and here just to make them ready to be connected to the following letter. Next group of letters, we have I and wine. We cut the tail off and then we make them ready to be connected to the following letter. Next letter we have here is the little fair. And here, as you have noticed, we also cut the second part of the little fare from here to make it ready, they were connected to the full away. Better similarly for the little wolf. And the little Kev here takes the shape, which means we make it ready to be connected to the following letter. That's why we say that this is the initial shape of the letter Calf. The little lamb. Remember that it has a tail or it has second part which goes down the line or below the line. And in this case, we need to cut it off and just we make it flat on the line to make it ready to were connected to the following letter Next letter. Here is the little name We just cut the stroke, which we used to write it below the line so we make it ready to get connected to the following letter. Similarly, for the letter noon which resembles the little bear or tear and said. And the main difference in this case is that noone has one dot above it. The little hair here, which is totally different from the ah from the standalone hair. Have you noticed in the previous table? That hat here comes as a circle. However, here comes as two circles small circle and say the bigger one to make it ready to get connected to the following letter. The little year here also is totally different from the standard alone shape. Have you seen the shape of the of? The little year comes like this in the stand alone and here when it comes in the beginning of the world or initial, we just write it like this, which resembles the little noon and the little back there and fair in the main difference here in case off yeah, is that we have toe those underneath the letters here. So let's start to write these letters one by one, and let's move to the next listen. 15. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word) with example words: Salaam alaikum. Hi, item Ibrahim is here. We're come to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to write initial shape explained with examples which means we're going to learn the initial shape in really words. Let's start with the letter. Aleph. The little LF remember is one of the men connecting letters. So we write it in the stand alone like this. And if it comes as initial which means in the beginning of the word we still writing it like this. But as we mentioned, you still need to leave a smaller space after the Aleph immediately before you write the following little If we take an example, we have the word Akala. Akala is a verb and it man's to eat in the past tense. Later on, you will learn more about verbs. But for the purpose of this lesson, we just taken these examples to show you how they are written so as you can. So from here the letter Aleph is not connected directly to the letter calf as as a mentioned we need to leave a small space between the Aleph and the following letter in this case is calf Next letter is the letter bear. So if I wanted now to write the letter Bear, we really learned how to write it into stand alone like this. So this is the standalone shape of the little bear. If I want now to write it as initial in the beginning of the world, I read it like this. Have you noticed that we have cut this part and we have moved the dot which comes underneath here to the utmost right side. So, for example, when we take a word here we have the world bite. The world bite is written like this and it means a house. So bait means house. As you can see, the little back here comes in the beginning off the world. That's why we call it in issue. Next letter we have is the little tear debt and set are in the same group off the little bear. So what? We have applied on the little bear. We are going to apply it on the letter tear and fair. So here, simply there is in the stand alone like this. If I wanted to write it as initial, I just cut the second part like this to make it ready to get connected to the following letter. We have an example here. The verb Uh huh. Taba as a verb means to repent. If you look at the little tear, you will find that it comes in the beginning off the word followed by the letter Aleph. So in this case, we say that is initial or in the beginning of the world. Next letter is the letter fair comes with readers as we learn it area. So here, If I wanted to write it as initial simply, I cut the second part off the letter and just I read it like this. We have the worked example here is the world Semien the world feminine means expensive or precious. Have a look at this world. You will find that the little fair comes here in the beginning, off the world famine. That's why we say this letter is in issue. Next group off letters starts with the letter regime. The little gym in the standalone has a tail on dunderhead. That's why when you write it as initial, you need toe cut the tail off. That's regime becomes like this. So if we write an example. We have the word Jeb The world Jabin Jabal means a mountain. Have a look at the words Jebel. You will find that the regime here is in the initial shape. The next letter is the letter hair has written exactly azeem but with no dots or doesn't have dots. That's why here we write the heart like this and initially we cut the tail off as usual. Then we write it here in issue. Then we have an example Weren't which is the world him are the world him our means A donkey Have a look at this world. You will find that the hair comes here as initial or in the beginning, Off the world him are next letter we have is the little hole for in the stand alone We used to write it like this with one dot above it And now we're going to do the same as we did with her and Gene. We cut the tail off and simply but one dot Here Then at an example, we have the verb Kharja Karaj a means to exit car Raja, have a look at the world for Asia Starts with the little whore. That's why we say that the little heart here is initial or in the beginning of the world for a job. Next, group off letters. We have the Dale and then remember from the previous listen, we have said that the Dell and there are from the non connecting letters. That's why you should expect now that we will live a small space after any off them. So they're in the standalone written like this. If I write it in the beginning of the world, I still maintain the same shape. But you need to live a space, as they said after the deal here. So if we if we take an example, we have the word Derosa. The raw, said Derosa, is a verb, which means to study Derosa. Have a look at here at the little Del here. You will find that it's not connected to the following letter, which is raw in this case immediately, because you need to live a space here, as you can see, because Dell is one of the nine connecting letters, the next letter we have is the Little Veil, which is also one of the non connecting letters. If it comes as in Isha we write it like this and remember to keep a space after the veil in the initial shape. Then you have an example here the world vab vab that is written like this and the world Vab means gold. Have a look at the world the hap. You will find that the letter veil is followed by hair But in between them we have a smaller space because well is one of the non connecting letters. Next group off letters we have here is the letter Roar and Z remember that both of them are also considered as none connecting letters. So rise written like this in the stand alone. If you want to write it as initial, simply write it also like this. But keep in mind that you need to have to leave a space immediately after the little role. If we take an example, we have the world result. The world resell reseller is written like this and by the way, the world Risala means a message. Have a look at the little right here. It is not connected to the scene. You need to leave this small space between the raw and the scene because raw is one of the non connecting letters. Next letter we have is the little Z Z. They and they is exactly same as raw but with one dot above it. So here is the standalone shape of those a. And he is the initial shape off the letter. They remember also to keep a space here. Then we have an example word the world Zoo, Djaja djaja, the world Zosia means a bottle. As you can see here, the little say is the beginning is in the beginning of the world and full of by Jim. But of course, we have to leave the space here after those A Before you write the little regime because they is one of the non connecting little's the next group of letters we have here. The letter C in the little scene scene is one of the connecting letters. So seeing in the standalone, it has a tail. As we agree before, When you write it in the initial, you need to cut the tail off. So simply write the three teeth and just a small stroke like this don't make the little ready to get connected to the following letter. We have an example here. The world Semeka Semeka Sama Community a fish And it is written like this Semeka, as you can see from the world, Semeka The little scene comes in the beginning off the world. That's why we consider it. As in Isha. The next letter we have is the little sheen, which is exactly writing a scene. But with the three dots above him, as you can see here, seeing in the stand alone if you write it in the initial shape, it is written like this with the three dots above and he we have an example. The world Shakara Shakara is a verb in Arabic and it means to say thank you or to think someone Shakara have a look at the letter sheen here. As you can see, it comes in the beginning off the world. And remember, it is a connecting letter. That's why you don't need to leave a space between the sheen and the little calf. Next, the group of letters we have forward and board The little sword is written like this in the standalone and when you write it in the initial shape, simply cut the tail off. So it's written like this. Don't forget to write a small tooth immediately after the emblem. And this is actually one of the common mistakes many people make because they're sort has a tooth similarly, also for dot but with one dot above it. So here, if I If I write an example off the little sword, as in Isha, we have the world south fold the world south means voice and sometimes also it means sound . So as you can see from here, that it was sort comes in the beginning off the world. Don't forget, as I mentioned to write the tooth immediately after the letter shortly after the oblong off sort. Next letter we have is the little board which is written like this with one dot above it. If it comes in the beginning of the word, simply, we write it like this. And don't forget to place about here. We have an example. The word Norbit Bo bit the world orbit means Officer Bob. It have a look at the little they're brought here. You will find that it comes in the beginning off the world door bit. That's why we consider the little door as initial shape. Next letter we have, we have the whole So you need to read the thought stand alone. It was written like this, and if you write it as initial simply, we just write it same as a standalone. But we extended the length off the stroke from the left side here just to make it ready to get connected to the following letter. As an example, he we have the world for lib. Paul ib Bullet is written like this. And by the way, the world tall IB men's a student and also means that the person who seeks or seeker so tall it is a seeker off knowledge. That's where we say that toilet means a student. Have a look at the little tour you will find. The thought here comes in the beginning of the world Toilet next letter is the little vote , which exactly same as poor, but with one dot above it. And it is written like this with wondered here. So that's the stand alone. If you write it as initial simply, we write it exactly same, but the stroke here goes a little bit longer. So an example he we have the war volm volume and it is written like this and Viola means dorkiness dorkiness have a look at the world volume. You will find that the letter of all here is initial because it comes in the beginning of the world volume Next level we have here is the a lot of high in Hyeon has a head and tail as we have learned it already before. So if I wanted to write Diniz the initial you need to cut the tail off and it should be written like this Remember that the Hain has no neck which means the neck not like calf as you are going to see after. Why? That's why you need to make this part of smaller a little bit. So as initial it is written like this an example we have here the world l'm l'm the world The Elm Man Science Have a look at the little high in here. You will find that it comes in the beginning off the world. Any next letter we have is that little of wine the little line exactly as I in. But it comes with one dot above it, so we just red line like this. In the beginning we cut the tail off and simply write it like this with one dot above And we have an example The world raw Abe, The World war IPB means absent and should be written like this way War. Have a look at the little line in this world. You will find that it comes in the beginning of the world. That's why we call it. Or we can say that the line here is in issue. Next letter we have is the little fair. Fair is written like this India stand alone. So in the standalone we used to write the little fair like this. Now, if we want to write it as initial simply it is written like this. If we take an example, you will find that the world Fichter Fichter Fico means an idea FICA Look at the world Ficarra which means an idea. We have the fair in the beginning, off the world. So you can say that fat here is an initial. The next letter here is the little cough. So cough remember that we said that cough is different from fair because for it is written flat on the line. The standalone shape. However, in the standalone change in case off cough, it has a longer neck and it goes below the line. You have learning this already in previous lessons. So if you write it as initial, you will find that it goes like this. And here we have the world comer, the world the comer Man's moon. As you can see from here, the off comes in the beginning off the world comer, which means a moon next example or next letter we have in the little calf. Remember that the little Kev changes its shape when it is written in different in their four positions here, for example, in the standalone shape it was or we used to write it like this. And now when we write it in the beginning of the world, simply we write it like this. Then if we have an example, we have the world Kita Kita have means a book. Have a look at the world Soak it up is written like this. Have a look at the caf you will find the calf Here is in the beginning of the world key tab . That's why we can say that calf is in the initial cheap Next letter is the little lamb Lamb in the standalone is written like this. No, If I wanted to write it as initiate simply, I cut the tail off and I make this stroke and the left side to make it ready to get connected to the following letter as an example. Here we have the world Layla, Layla moons night And it is written like this Lail. So here you will find that we have the lamp comes in the beginning of the world late So it's in issue. Next letter off we have year. Is the little mean the little meaning? The stand alone. We used to write it like this. Now if I wanted to write it as initial, you have to cut this part. Why? Because we want to make the little Toby ready to get connected to the following letter. So here we read the mean like this. Now, as an example, we can say the world missile miss from Egypt. As you can see from here, the MIM comes off in the beginning of the world, Miss. That's why we can say that mean is in issue. Next letter we have here is the little noon. The little new one is written like this in the stand alone. And now when I write it in the beginning of the world, you need to write it like this and you place the daughter at the utmost right side. Have you noticed that the little noon is similar to the little bear there and fair? The main difference here is just only the placement of the dot We have an example here. The world no fees, no fees, no fees is written like this. The word Nafis means precious or expensive. Have a look at the world, Nafis again, you will find that we have the new one in the beginning of the world. That's why you can say that the little noon is in the initial shape. Next letter we have is the little hair. Remember that hair when we used to write it in the standalone shape? We used to write it as a small circle like this. And now it's going to change the shape off the stand alone into initial by just writing it like this. A bigger circle and inside the tears a smaller circle. So a bigger one, then a smaller one. Here we have an example. The world How, uh, how, uh How is written like this and the world how it means air. As you can see from here, the little hair comes in the beginning off the world. That's why you can say that the letter her is in the initial shape. How, uh, next letter is the last little we have, which is before the last that we have the little well known her well, and remember that well is one of the nun connecting letters. Remember that you need to leave a smaller space after this letter. So that's why when you write well in the standalone Urim, I remind you just only to have a smallest base here before you connect or before you write the following glitter off the other well example, we have the world wide Well, head where had means one, as you can see from here, where head is starting with the little well and we need to leave the space here between the well and the full of litter, which is Aleph. Have you noticed that LF also he is one of the line connecting letters. That's why you need also to live another space after the Ali before you write the letter head. Next letter is the letter year, and it is the lost that are here off their 28 letters. So the little year in the standalone waste used to write it like this with two dots below or underneath. And here, when you write it in the initial shape, it is written like this. Have you noticed now that the letter year is written exactly in the initial shape in a way which is similar to bear and tear fair and noon? And the main difference here is only that, yeah, has to does underneath as an example off the little Yeah, when it comes, as in Isha, we have the verb, a reliable yellow libel yell Abu means he plays or the verb toe play in the present tense. As I've mentioned before, you're going to learn verbs in details letter on in this course. So, as you can see from here, the little the little yeah comes in the beginning off the world. That's why you can say that the little year is in the initial shape. Thanks for watching, and let's move to the next lesson 16. How to write the 28 letters initial shape (in the beginning of the word) with example words 2: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this short video, we will review the examples given on or off the initial shape of the 28 letters. The main purpose of this lesson is to help you, Toby, or to become familiar with the Arabic worse and vocabulary through learning the initial shape of the 28 letters. So let's start with the first letter. The first letter we have here is the little Aleph. As we agreed before, Aleph is one of the men connecting letters. Example. Word we have here is the verb a color Accola means he ate. As you can see from here we have a space between the Aleph and the following letter, which is the little calf. Because Aleph is one of the non connecting letters. The next example we have is the little bear. As you can see from here, the little bear in the world bite is one of the connecting letters and the following little off the bat. Here is the little year the world bite means house. Next letter we have here is the little tear There comes in the beginning or initial as in the world Taba, Taba It a verb and it means to repent. Remember that you will learn more about verbs later on in this coast. Next letter is the little fair that comes here as initial or in the beginning, off the world fame in the world. For me in means appreciates means also expensive. As you can see, the little fair is followed by the little Mim. Next letter we have here is the letter regime. As in the world Jebel the war Jabal means mountain. As you can see from here that the GM comes in the beginning or initial of the world Jabal followed by the letter bear Next letter is the little hair. The little higher comes in the beginning of the world him our which means a donkey. And here the letter hair is followed by the little name. Next letter here is the little hole. I hope that the whole comes in the beginning of the world car Roger Hodge A in a verb and it means to exit. As you can see from here. The little whore comes in the beginning of this world and it is followed by the little raw next letter here is the little dead. Remember that Dell is one of the non connecting letters. The word we have here, the verb de fire deaf deaf, are in the verb, as we said and it means to pay. And sometimes also it means to push. Remember that Dell here is not connected directly to the little fair. And we need to see to keep this space between the Dale and the federal because there is one of the nine connecting letters next letter we have here in the little Zell Zell. There is one of the men connecting letters. That's why we need to leave a space year after the veil and the full one letter, which is the hair. The example we have here is the world. The hub that have, if it's an hour, means gold. And it couldn't be here pronounced as vab at the verb, which means he went in the past. Ins next letter here we have is the little role also is one of the men connecting letters. That's why you will see here that we have a space between the raw and the full of little, which is seen the world we have here is the world resell Risala means a message reseller Next little we have is the Littles A. They also is one of the in connecting letters. Have a look at this world which is Jaja. Jaja means a bottle the little they comes in the beginning of the world and we leave a space here because it's one off the line connecting letters and the letters. GM comes here as the following letter. The next letter we have is the letter seen seen, seen is a connecting letter. That's why we have here in the example the word Sam aka Sam AKA means a fish. As you can see from here, the little see incomes in the beginning of the world. Semeka And it is actually followed by the little name Sam aka Next letter we have is the little sheen she and here comes in the beginning, off the world. Shakara Shakara is a verb and it means to say thank you or to think so. That's for the verb Shakara and the little sheen here comes in the beginning of the world and followed by the little calf. Next letter we have is the little shored sword is a connecting letter. So when we have, when we have it in a word, you need to connect it directly to the following letter. As in the world we have here, which is the word south South means sound off voice. Don't forget that there is a small tooth here comes immediately after the oblong. Next letter is the little board goddess similar toe short. But it comes with one dot above it. We have the world deorbit bob. It means an officer. As you can see, the door comes here in the beginning or in Isha and they followed by the letter Aleph. The next letter we have here is the little tour. All the little tour is the beginning of the world Tall ib The world toilet generally means a student and also it means seeker comes from the verb to seek or to find out. So he we have four lib. Next example we have here is the little Vore. Var is in the beginning off the world volume volume volume means dorkiness. As you can see from here, the little war is followed by the little lamb. That's why we say that war is here in issue. Next letter we have here is the little Ryan. I any comes in the beginning of the world, as in the World Alum Or if it's alien, could be also with the same. It's pulling. Alem means a flag. Aylan means science or knowledge. So here we have the little Hainan In the beginning of the world the island order in, followed by the little lamb Next letter is the little wine blind. It comes as initial in the World War Abe Oh ib And the word means he absent. Next letter we have here is the little fair Fat comes in the beginning Off the world FICA FICA means an idea As you can see from here the little fair followed Boy, the little calf Next letter we have is the little cough off comes in the beginning of the world Comma the world comer means moon As you can see from here the little cough is full of boy The little Mim Next letter we have is the little calf gaffe as in the world key tab Sochi Tab means a book, as you can see from year calf comes in the beginning followed by the little next letter He is the little lamb, The little lamb in the world Lail Lyly means night. As you can see, it is in the beginning and followed by the little year Next letter we have is the little Mim. Mim comes in the beginning off the world Miss, as you can see from here mean comes in the beginning followed by the little shored Miss is Egypt. Next letter we have is the little noon No one comes in the beginning Off the world navies never yeas Nephews means precious and also means expensive or sometimes priceless. So, as you can see from here, the new one comes in the beginning, followed by the little fair in the world. Nafees Next letter we have is the little head hair. So here comes in the beginning of the world in the world hems the word hams Mies whisper As you can see, the head followed, Boy, the little Mim next letter we have here is the little Well, the little wow is one of their own connecting letters Also, that's why you need to leave a space between the world and the following letter in the world Wellard were lede The world Well, it means a buoy. As you can see from here, the little well is followed by the little lamb. Last letter we have here is the last letter off the 20th letters which is the little yeah, yeah, comes as in Isha as in the world yell Abu Jahl! Abu is a verb and it means to play in the present tense he plays. As you can see from this example, The Korea comes in the beginning, off the world, followed by the little lamb. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 17. How to write the 28 letters in the middle shape (when the letter is in between two letters) with exa: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to write the 28 letters in the middle shape. As I have mentioned earlier, the letter is considered as the middle shape when the letter is written in any position in the world, as long as it is preceded by one letter and followed by another. So if we say that this is the letter, as we have learned before, if the letter comes like this means it's stand alone, which means is not connected to any other letters. And if it comes in the beginning of the word means its initial, which means we have one letter here to come and to connect with a letter in the initial shape as a following letter. Similarly, for the middle letter we have now, the middle middle letter means that it has one letter before it, which means proceeding it and another letter following it. So if we consider that this is our letter in that case, we can say that it has a preceding letter from here and it has the following little here. So that's why we say that The letter in the middle here is in the middle shape. So as you can see, as long as the little is preceded by one letter and foiled by another little in this case we can say that it is in the middle shape. Have a look at the full of the table. Here are their 28 letters. Have you noticed that the shape in this time is different from the previous two shapes which would be stand alone and initial? Yes, because here we have the letter. Aleph, for example, is in the middle shape. As you can see from the right side, it is already preceded by one letter and here followed by another letter. That's why we can say that the little Elif is in the middle shape. Remember that Aleph is one of them and connecting letters. That's why you need to live a smaller space after the Ali before you write the following letter, the next group of letters start with the little back here. As you can see from here, the little bear is in the middle shape. It is preceded by one letter here and followed by another letter here. That's why we can say that the little bear is in the middle shape. Remember that the dots still in the utmost right side underneath the tooth off the letter back. Similarly for the little tear and said, As you can see from here, the next group of letters is the starting with the letter regime. So, as you can see from here, Gene is preceded by one letter from the right side and followed by another letter here in the left side. That's why you can say that the little team is in the middle shape similarly for half and hope next letters we have here, or the Littles del and Velle del. And there are from the non connecting letters. So it has one letter here and the letter that comes after the Dell. You need to leave a space between the little Del and the following letter because Dell is from the one or non connecting letters. Similarly, for Bell, also for raw, and they they are from the land connecting letters so simply connected directly from the preceding letter here and after the right, you need to leave a smaller space after it to and to start writing the following letter and there's L or is a little Z is exactly same. Next group of letters we have we hear that it a scene and she and seen is here is preceded by well letter and full of buy another one. So she is exactly same. But remember that it comes with the three dots above it sword and board from the left side . We have here preceding letter and the front from the right side We have a proceeding letter from the left sense on right side We have a following letter. So we say here that the little short is in the middle shape. Don't forget to write the tooth which comes immediately after the oblong we have here. So God. Exactly. Same. So the little dog here is preceded by one letter from the right hand side and he is followed by one letter from the left hand side. As you can see, we have wondered above the dog Next letter is four and Vork so here, preceded by one letter here followed by one Netta and similarly for the little Vore. Next letter we have is the letter high and wine. The little line in the middle. As you can see, it is like closed circle or semi circle. And here is preceded by one letter and here followed by and other little The little of line is exactly same as I know, but it comes with one dot above it. Next letter we have is the letter fair. And as you can see from here, here is the proceeding letter and he is the following letter. Cough is exactly same, but remember that cough should have a little bit longer. Neck comes with two dots, as you will see after why in the examples, the little calf comes like this in the middle shape, preceded by one letter from here and there from the left hand side, another letter is following. The little lamb is in the middle ship here. So one letter comes before and another letter comes after it. That's why we can call it is as following letter. The next letter is the little name means in the middle shape is preceded by one letter from the right hand side, and here is a full of litter from the left hand side. The letter noon is similar to the bear and tear and fair. But the difference as we can see here that it has one don't only above it. So this is for the little noon. The letter hair in the middle is written like number eight in English, as you can see from here. And it is preceded by one letter from the rights hand side and followed by another Write another letter from the left hand side. The next letter we have here is the little well, remember letter. The little wow is one of the line connecting letters. So it is preceded by one little from the right hand side. And when you write the following letter after the little well, you need to leave a small space after it, and then you start to write the ah, the following letter because, well, is one of the men connecting letters. The last letter we have here is the letter year, which looks like the little bear, their fair and noon. And the main difference here is that yet has two dots underneath. And this is one little from the right hand side. And he is the following letter from the left hand side. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson. 18. How to write the 28 letters in the middle shape (when the letter is in between two letters) with exa: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to write the minute shape over the 28 Littles in really example. So let's start with the first letter. Aleph. Remember that Aleph is one of the men connecting letters. So we write it in the stand alone like this. And if it comes as initial, it is just written like this. And remember that we have a space here. If it comes in the middle, it should be written like this which means it's in between two litters. The following letter from here and this is the preceding letter. The word we have here is the world all there. The word caller is a verb and it means, he said in the past tense. As you can see from here there is a smaller space between the Aleph and the full of Letter Lam. Next letter is the little bear that stand alone like this. And if it comes as initial, it is written like this and in the middle it should be written like this, which means it is preceded by one letter from here and another letter from here is the following letter. As an example, we have the world Jabal the world. Jabal means a mountain. As you can see from here, the little bear comes in between the little regime and lamb. The next letter is the little tear that is written like this Stand alone. And if it comes in the beginning of the work simply It is a little like this in the middle . It is written like this, As you can see from here is preceded by one letter from here and the following letter comes immediately after it. As an example, we have the word key Tab. The word key tab means a book. As you can see from here, the letters there comes in between two Littles, the little calf and little Elif. Next letter is the little fair. Fair comes with three dots, as you can see from here. And if it comes as initial or in the beginning of the world, we have learned this already comes like this. And now if it is in the middle, should be written like this. So this is the letter fair in the middle shape. If we have an example here, we have the world metal. The world method means proverb. As you can see, the little say comes in between the Mame and the lamb. Next letter we have here is the little regime. The little regime remember, it has a tail and also head. So, jean, we wrote it like this in the standalone. So now if I want to write it as initial simply it is written like this. And if it's in the middle, just write it like this. As an example, we have the ward measured messaged the world measure means glory. So, as you can see, the little gym here comes in between two letters mean and dead. Next letter we have is the letter hair has little like this standard on. And if it comes as in issue, just write it like this and in the middle like this as an example, we have the world, so he the world. So he means correct. So it is written like this. So as you can see from this word So he the heart comes in between two letters preceded by the little short and the foot by the little Yeah, The next letter we have is the little hole The little hole Standalone Written like this and initial like this Don't forget the dot and if it comes in the middle should be written like this as an example we have the word Maharaj Maharaj Maharaj means exit and should be written like this Have a look here at the little hole You will find that it comes in between their letter medium from the right hand side and a little raw from the left hand side. So here is in the middle shape. Next letter we have we have the little Del remember that is one of the men connecting letters. So there in the beginning should be little like this as a stand alone. But you still need to leave a space as we agree before in the previous Listen how to write the non connecting letters If it comes in the middle, should be written like this as an example we have the world known Adam Needham. No other moons regulate Needham. So have a look at the dell here You will find that it comes after the new one as a proceeding letter and the full of glitter. He is the letter Mim Needham. The next letter we have is the little Vell one off the nun connecting letters also. So here, if I want to read it as initiate simply you write it same way as Dell. But also you need to leave a space after it as we agreed. So here, if I write it in the middle, shaped should take this way. And now we have the example word you have Abou the verb you have. Habu is in the present tense and it means he goes remember, we will. We will explain the verbs letter on in this coast. So here you find that that bell is preceded by year and followed by hair as you can see. But we need to leave a small space after the vell or the letter veil immediately because it is one of the non connecting letters. Next letter we have is the letter roll The little role. Stand alone is also one of the men connecting letters. So if it comes as initial should be written like this and keep a space after and then if it comes in the middle simply it is written like this. For example, we have the verb Hodja Hora Jaka Raja means he exit or to go out. So as you can see from here, this is a verb In the past tense means he went out so huh, Roger? So in that case, we have the little brought which is preceded belie their little whore and the foot by the regime. Raja, remember to leave a space after the immediately before you write the regime Next letter is the little say there is little like this as wrong Exactly, but it has one dot above it. So here is the initial and if it comes in the middle should be written like this. And we have the verb years through your true and the verb knows to visit. So here here's rue Have a look at this work. You will find that Zai comes here in the middle because it is preceded by 11 letter here, which is yet on the followed by. Well, that's why you need to leave a space between this is a and the well because both actually are non connecting letters. Next letter we have is the little seen the little seen standalone written like this. If it comes in the beginning. We just to cut the tail off. As you can see from here in the middle should be written like this as an example. We have the world, Masroor. Masroor means happy must through As you can see from here, the little scene comes in between the mom and the raw. So the little seen here is in the middle, cheap, the next verb or the next story. The next were letter we have Here is the letter sheen. Sheen is exactly written as seen in the beginning. We just write it like this. Don't forget the three dots in the middle. Tribute it in like this as an example, we have the verb Yash Kourou. Yasko remains to say thank you and it is actually in the present tense. And it means, as we said he thanks So here the verb is Yash Kourou. Have a look at the little she in here. You will find that the sheen comes in the middle because it is preceded by year and followed by caf. The next letter we have here is the little flawed flood. The little Soledad is a little like this. Stand alone and if it comes in the beginning of the word, we write it like this. Don't forget the tooth, which it comes immediately after the oblong. So here, if it comes in the middle, should be written like this. We have example word, the world missile. The word Mr Egypt. As you can see, the sword here comes in between the medium and the raw. As you can see, we don't. Don't forget to write the tooth immediately after the little short next letter we have is the little door, which is exactly same as sure What? But with one dot above it. So here this is the board. If it comes as initial, we write it like this in the middle. True beer it in like this. Let's have an example. The verb yob Reboot the verb yada Rebeuh means to be or to hit yard Caribou. Have a look at the Lord. You will find that it is preceded, boy. Yeah, and full boy role. Next letter we have is the letter tour. What is it like this in their stand alone in the initial Written like this in the middle should be written like this. Then if it comes in a word. We have the verb yacht Lubo yet Lobo is to ask for or to demand So as you can see from here yet noble that are comes in between two letters The preceding letter is Yeah, the following letter is the letter lamb Then the next letter we have is the little vote voice is written like this who is one dot above And if it comes as initiate simply we write it like this in the beginning off the work then the in the middle should be written like this as an example word we have the verb avenue You have a new means to guess or sometimes to mean it means to consider So you have on new have a look at the little vore here you will find that it comes in between the little year and the noon. So this is four years of all new Next level we have is the little Ryan The little line in the standalone written like this If it comes as in the beginning of the world should be written like this in the middle it changed this shape so it takes this very angle as you can see from here is this is the middle I so as an example we have here we have the verb Yahalom Yalom on means he knows in the present tense. So yeah, Alamo is written like this. Yalom have a look at the little Ryan here. As you can see, it comes in between the two letters. Yeah, from the right side and learn from the left hand side. The next letter we have is the literal Ryan. The little vine is exactly same as high. But as we mentioned before, it comes with the one dot above it. So if it's in the beginning, we are going to read it like this. If it's in the middle, it's written like this way. So this is the little line we have the verb young Nicole. Younger liko means to close. Yeah, Veliko should be written like this. As you can see from here, the vine comes in between the year and the lamb, so line is in the middle shape. The next letter we have is the little fair fair In the stand alone, we write fat like this in the beginning of the world. It is written like this then in the middle should be written like this. We have an example. Word here, The verb you efta who you after home means to open or he opens as you can see from here. So from the word you left a hole we can say that the fact comes in the middle because it is preceded by year And the foot old boy That next letter we have is the letter cough cough into stand alone. We write it like this as initial we write it like this. Remember toe make the neck off the cuff a little bit longer than the nick off the fair then in the middle should be written like this. So this is for the little cough in the middle. As an example, we have the world. Your co New York guru means he says, Yeah, who knew? As you can see from here, the cough comes in the middle, preceded by the little year followed by the letter. Well, then we have the next letter. Here is the little calf calf In the standalone shape, we write it like this. If it comes in the beginning off the world, simply it is written like this and in the middle should be written like this, as you can see this character, which is confusing to many people because they think it's Hamza, as we mentioned before or earlier. This is not Hamza because it doesn't have the Hamza doesn't have any relationship with the letter. K F. Hamza comes only with the little LF with the little well and the little yet little only will learn more about Hamza. So this is a small calf, which he has written here in the beginning off the world. So if I make it in a small scale, you will find that it goes like this as we mentioned. So this is not Hamza. This is a small calf as an example word off the little calf in the middle, we have the verb Shakara Shakara means he thanked in the past ins. So this is a verb in the past. Tense comes from the verb yasko in the present tense, and it means he thanked or he said, thank you. As you can see from here, the little curve comes in the middle of the world. It is preceded by the little sheen full of boy the little Bro. The next letter we have is the the letter lam. After the calf, we have lamb, the little lamb in the stand alone We write it like this. And if it comes as initial simply you write it like this. If it comes in the middle, it is written like this way. So this is the little lamb as an example Word we have the verb. Tolliver. Oh, Lab, Which means he ordered or he asked for. So as you can see from here, the lamb comes in between two. That is the 1st 1 from the right hand side is the tour and the next one in the letter bear after the little lamb, we have mean the little name in the standalone. We write it like this. And in the beginning off the world like this in the middle should be written like this. We have an example here, which is the world. Him are the world. Haimar means a donkey. As you can see from here, the medium comes in between two letters from the right hand side is half from the left hand side is the letter Aleph. Next letter is the little long gone and new one is a little like this. Stand alone. If it comes in the beginning, we write it here If it comes in the middle, simply written like this. And we have an example Word which is the world bent. The word that bent means a girl and also sometimes it means a daughter. So here, if you if you have a look at this the noon you will find that noone here comes in between two letters from right inside we have the bear and the from the left side. We have the tear Next little we have is the little hair. Remember that in the standard on how is written as a small circle like this In the beginning, it is two circles a smaller circle inside the bigger one. If it comes in the middle, it resembles number eight in English like this. So as an example we have the verb. Jeff Hamel, you have Hammou means he understands you have Hammond to understand. So as you can see from here, the letter hair comes in between two letters preceded by fair and followed boy Mean next letter is the little well the little wow, The little well is one of the non connecting letters. That's why you need to keep a space or to leave a smaller space between the other world and the following Better so in the standalone we write it like this. In the beginning, we write it like this. And don't forget, as I said, to leave a smaller space here. So in the in the middle shape, the wow is written like this as an example word we have the world salt, the world south means voice or sound south. So here we have the while, comes in the middle of the word or in the between two letters preceded by the letter sword and followed by the letter. Next letter we have is the last little which is the little year. Remember in the standalone, we right? Yeah, like this with two dots underneath in the initial. We write it like this with two dots and remember, it resembles that bet fair and known. And the main difference between them is just only you have two dots underneath in case off . Yet if it comes in the middle, it is written like this. So as an example Word. We have the word bait, which means house. As you can see from here, the year comes in between two letters From the right hand side. We have better bet from the left hand side. We have the little tear. That's why we can say that. Yeah is in the middle shape. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 19. How to write the 28 letters in the terminal shape (when the letter is the last letter of the word) w: Assam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here, working toe. Learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to write the 28 Littles in the terminal or final shape. As I have explained l earlier when the letter is in the terminal shape, this means that it is preceded by one letter and it doesn't have a following little simply because it is the last little in the world. So we are going to assume that the letter we have will be ending like this, which means we have a proceeding letter here and no more letters are coming here simply because the letter in pink here is the last letter in the world. Have a look at the food table. These are the 28 letters when they come at terminal or find out. As you can see from here, the little Aleph is preceded by one litter and there is no more letters coming after it, simply, as we said, because it is the last little in the world. Similarly, for the letter bear and tear and step. So as you can see, the little bear takes the same shape as the standalone cheap but still Brazil it by one letter. That's why we need to close the letter by making it curve it like this to indicate that there is no letter. Comes comes after it. So, as you can see similarly for the little tear and the little fit, the regime here is also in the terminal or final because it comes at the end of the world, which main street be preceded by one letter from the right hand side, and there are no letters anymore after the regime. Similarly, for the little hair and hope the little del and well remember, the are one. They are from the nun connecting letters. However, here they are at the end of the world. So we don't care much about what's coming after because simply the little Dell and then here are in the terminal or final shape. The next two letters we have here the Raw and the Littles A. As you can see from here, the little role is one of the men connecting letters, and when it comes at the end of the world, it is here, preceded by one little and no more letter coming after the row. Similarly, for the letter. They remember toe both adult here because this dot is the only way to different shape between the role and is a next two letters. The little scene and sheen seeing here is taking the same shape as a stand alone, but it is preceded already by one letter. Similarly, for the letter she and thought and God, this is the terminal or the final shape off the sword and the Lord when they come at the end of the world, the next two letters we have told and vote. As you can see, this is the terminal shape off the letter tour, and as you can see, it's preceded by one little and normal letters coming after it. Var is exactly same and don't forget to place a dot above it. The letter I in and the line. So we need to close it from here, as you can see similarly for the little of wine. But don't forget to place adult above it. Next letter is the letter fair in the little fat here is at the end. So I have you seen this one? It's look, it looks like that Stand alone fair, but the main difference here is that this fair is journal, which means it's preceded by one letter coming before it or preceding it. The next letter is call off. As you can see, the difference between fair and cough here is clear because the cough here goes below the line. However, the fair is a flat on the line. As you can see, the cough also has two dots, and here both of them are in the terminal shape. The next letter is care, and in this case the calf takes back its original standalone shape. But in this time it is preceded by one little. The next letter is the little lamb lamb. Here also is in the terminal shape or the final because it should be preceded now by one letter or more. The next letter we have is MIM. Also here it is in their final or terminal shape, and the noon takes the same exactly a standalone shape. But here it is just only preceded by one letter. The letter hair here takes different case or different shape at the terminal because you have to refer a little bit, raise it above the line and write it like this way, as you will see after a while. So the little head here is at the terminal or at the end of the world, the next letter, which is the little well, which is one of the non connecting letters. So, as you can see, it comes here at the end of the world. However, you still need to add one letter before it. The next letter is the little year, and this is the last. Little remember that this year takes the same shape as the standalone shape. But because it is here as terminal, it needs to be connected to a preceding little thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 20. How to write the 28 letters in the terminal shape (when the letter is the last letter of the word) w: cinematic Omarama to law. He will borrow Catto. Haytham Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to write term the shape explained with examples in riel works. Let's start as usual with the first letter Aleph, Remember the letter Aleph is one of the un connecting letters in the standalone. We write that if like this in the initial we still keep writing it like this. But remember to leave a space immediately after it in the middle we write it like this and terminal should be retained also like this. So the difference between the middle and the terminal the middle means that there is another letters coming after the Aleph internal means that there is no letter comes after Aleph as an example word here we have the word mare, the word mayor actually in Arabic is a particle and it means what? So we always use this to start a question letter only will learn more about how to ask questions. Next letter we have is the little bed, But understand alone, written like this in the initial and here in the middle, then it's in the terminal like this as you can see from here, the little better when it comes to terminal. It looks like the standalone bet. The main difference here is that the letter in terminal is connected to a proceeding that are from here as an example work. We have the world vab The hub is a noun and it means gold. Have a look at the world that have You will find that the letter back here comes at the end off the world terminal. Next letter we have is the little tear the little tear stand alone We write it like this and initial it is written like this and in the middle there's here then terminal should be it and like this as an example word we have is the world bite the world by it means the house As you can see from here that that comes at the end off the world. That's why we can say that is terminal makes little we have is the little fair written like this stand alone And if it comes initial simply like this middle shape written like this and terminal, you need to align the dots in the middle off the shape as we learn it earlier. As an example, we have the world lace, lace and should be written like this life. The world life means one of the names off the line. So as you can see from here the tear the fair comes at the end of the world life preceded by the letter. Yet next little we have is the letter regime Regime in the standalone Rewrite it like this . In the beginning, we cut that it off. Don't forget the dot in the middle simply It is read like this and terminal like this as an example we have here we have the world fell fells the world fell. Judge means ice. Have a look at the little gym here You will find that it is preceded by the letter lamb and it is the last little in the world fell, which means ice. The next little we have here is the letterhead, which is exactly same as Jean but with no dots. So how in the standalone here is in Isha than in the middle, Then at the terminal as an example We have the world feta, huh? Fattah Ha means he opened so it is the verb in the past tense comes from the present NC after ho which means toe open have a look at the heart. It is the deal at the end off the world. That's why we can say that he is in the terminal shape and it is preceded by the letter Tet Next letter we have is the same but with one dot above it which is ho So as initial, how is written like this and then middle heart then terminal hot should be written like this as an example word we have the world more, more the world The more means brain more means brain should be written again This is the hop and as you can see, it is already proceeded by the little name. Next letter we have is the little del Remember, Dell is one of the nun connecting letters. So stand alone like this and initial like this and they remember to leave a space after it . Then if it comes the middle, we write it like this and terminal like this. Have you noticed that the terminal and the middle shape are similar but in case off the middle shape you need to leave a smaller space as we agreed before, whenever you connected to a following letter as an example, we have the world measured, measured means glory. And it is written like this. So the dell which comes here, comes at the end off the world managed, which means glory. Next letter is veil, which is still one of the men connecting letters. That's why when we write it in the standalone, then initial don't forget to live a space as we agreed then in the middle. Also, it needs a space then terminal which should be written like this as an example, we have the world la vive la vive the world Love Eve means delicious. Have a look at this work. You will find that the veil here comes at the end of the world. Love Eve, which means delicious. Next letter we have is the little raw. The little raw is also one of the un connecting letters. So initial you need to live a space and even for the ah, middle shape should be little like this terminal written also like this. But in case off middle, we have a space here case of terminal no more spaces. So simply if we if we write it an example, we have the world cans cans the world cans means treasure. Ken's have a look at the little Z here at the world. Mr the World Mr. So simply again for the little raw We have an example The world is missile but it didn't like this Have a look at the lock. It's comes here at the end of the world, Miss which means Egypt preceded by the letter sword shored next letter which is same as or similar to the little rock, Which is they? So the Littles a comes with one dot above it. Then in the beginning of the world you write it here and middle like this and terminal like this as an example the world if she just now is the world. The cans, the world the cans means treasure The world cans means treasure. Have a look at the little there here you will find that it comes at the end of the world. The cans preceded by the little noon The next letter off there is the little seen. The little scene is written. Stand alone then initial and here it is in the middle. Then at the end of the warrant, which is terminal. So the example we have here is the world champs. The world champs means son the sun So as you can see from here, shops means son issue in son. As you can see, the little seen here is at the end of the world Champs preceded by the little mean next letter is the little she and machine written like this Same a scene, but with three dots above it. If you start in, the initial is written like this in the middle should be written like this and terminal like this. We have an example here The world wash The world watch means monster. So as you can see, the scene comes here at the end of the world and proceeded Boy, the hat. That's why you can say that the sheen is at the end of the world or terminal. Next letter we have is the little Ford Ford so flawed. Stand alone, little like this. And in Isha written like this, don't forget to read the tools immediately after the oblong, as we're learning before or earlier. Then in the middle should be written like this terminal written like this. So, as you can see if we have an example of the world is how do you How do you Harry is the world Harry's means cautious As you can see, the sort comes here at the end of the world. Harry's preceded by the little year Proceeded Boy, the little Yeah, various next letter we have here is the little board That is exactly same as sort but comes with one dot above it in the initial written like this and in the middle then terminal written like this as an example we have the world Bob. The world bod means some look at the the board here thought here comes at the end of the world body and proceeded by the little I Next letter we have is the letter tall We write the standalone then in the initial which is written like this in the middle should be written like this terminal written like this through That's for the little tour. We have an example word here. The world the world could means cat As you can see, the thought here comes at the end of the world cooked and proceeded by the letter wolf Next letter is the little raw vote. So I vote. Stand alone a little like this in the beginning, simply you write it like this in the middle Should be written like this terminal written like this as an example, we have the world half if half if written like this half of is the person who can memorize or the person who can protect so protector. So as you can see here, the little vore comes at the end of the world. Half of preceded by the litter fair. Next little we have is the little lying I am So I am in the standalone And here is in the initial, then in the middle shape Britain like this remember? And here terminal shape as an example, we have the world. Lamela Lemaire limit means shiny Lamia, As you can see from here we have the little lying at the end of the world. Lamela, which means shiny. And here the letter I'm is preceded by the little mean. The next letter we have is the little of line. So the little of lying written like this in the beginning should be written in issue in the middle. You write it exactly like Hind, but was with one dot above it. And as terminal should be written like this So that's for the little vying we have the example. Word we have here is the world. Yeah, below. Yeah. Below as a verb is in the present tense and it means to reach, As you can see from here, the little wine is preceded by the little lamb. We write it again. Yeah, but, Lou Yeah, Blue. So it's written here. So the line is at the terminal shape because it's proceeded by the little lamb and it is the final or the last letter in the world. Diablo Next letter we have is the little fair fair in the standalone and initial written like this, then middle and terminal. So the example we have here is the verb yuppie food. Yeah, people so yuppie full means to stand sometimes also need to stand up. So yeah, p fool as a verb. As you can see from here, the letter fair is the last letter in the Verbier or in this world and proceeded by the letter cough. Next letter. We have is the little cough off is a little like this. And remember that cough when in the standard and goes below the line as we have learned it earlier. So if comes in the beginning, it is written like this cough in the middle should be written like this and terminal written like this. Have you noticed the difference between cough and fair? Especially when it comes as terminal fair is more flat on the line and call off goes below the line. As you can see from here, we have the verb young liko. Yeah, Look. Oh, so you're like ooh means to close. Yeah, like, Ooh, look at the letter cough, which we have here preceded by the little lamb. So young loco is too close. Then we have the next little is the little calf The little calf in the standalone little like this in the beginning off the word initial written like this in the middle is written like this. It's Fred again. Like this terminal, it takes the same shape off the stand alone, but preceded by one letter as an example Word we have the world Mellick Mellick. So Mellick Menzah King. So Malik means a king. As you can see from here, the little calf is the last letter in the world, Malik. And it is preceded by the little lamb. Next letter we have is the little lamb. The little lamb in the standalone. And here is the initial here in the middle, then terminal. It is written like this right again that terminal like this as an example Word we have the ward legible Jabal So the world's Jabal, as we mentioned before, means Mountain. So the little lamb comes here at the end of the world, preceded by the little bear Jeb Next letter we have is the little name the little Mim, me and in the standalone. And here is in the beginning. Here is in the middle and terminal. It is written like this. We have the World Alum, which means flag and written letting this as you can see from here. The maim comes at the end of the World Alum, which means flag. And it is preceded by the little lamb. The next little we have is done is the little noon No one in the standalone related like this in the beginning of the world written like this in the middle of the world. And here is the terminal shape off the noon. Remember that noone in the initial and the middle resemble their little back fair. And yet the main difference between them is just only you place the one dot above it as an example word. We have the world them a teen. Mateen Mateen means strong. So as you can see from here, the new one comes at the end of the world, Mateen and preceded by the little year Mateen. That next example or the next letter we have is the little Hey, uh, the letter hair is in the standalone written like this in the beginning off the world, you simply write it to circles. One small circle inside a bigger one in the middle shape. Written like this in the terminal at the end of the world. Written like this, let's take an example. We have the world Abla, a black ABL as a word written like this, and it means idiot. So, Abla, have a look at the little Here comes at the end of the world. Preceded Boy, the little lamb. The next letter we have is the little. Well, the letter wow, is one of the non connecting letters. And it is written like this in the standalone in issue, then middle and here terminal. As you can see here, we still need to live a space between the well and the full of a letter. And at the end and the final or the German shape we don't need to live in the space is actually because wow, here in this case, is the lost letter in the world as an example. Weren't we have the verb yet, Lou? Yet Lou means to recite yet flu, have a look at the verbiage clue. You will find that it ends with well preceded by the little lamb. Yet, Lou, the next letter is the lost little we have here is the little Yeah, in the standalone yet was written like this in the beginning, Off the world written like this in the middle, written like this and terminal, it is actually written also like this way. Have you noticed here that the year in the initial and the middle shapes is similar to bear their fair and the little noon and the main difference between them is just the through dots underneath in case off. Yeah, we have an example. Here is the verb yellow V young reso yellow V as a verb means to cancel Porto delete. So yell the as you can see from here, the year comes at the end off the verbal at the end of the world yellow three, which means it's terminal or final, and in this case it is preceded by the little wine. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 21. The rule of six letters (The non-connecting letters) with examples: Sarah Modicum height. Um, Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about the non connecting letters. As you have learned earlier. Arabic letters can be categorized into two types. The first type is the connecting, and the second time is the non connecting letters. The connecting letters are those that can be connected directly to their following letters without leaving space between them. And they are 28 22 letters, as you can see from this table, starting from the little bear and to the letter. Yet, on the other hand, the nine connecting letters cannot connect directly to the full of letters, and you need to keep or to leave a smallest pace or gap immediately after it before you write the following letter. As you can see from here, we have six letters. The first letter is Elif del Vell. Raw. They and whoa So these letters are the non connecting letters, and here the purpose of this listen is to help you to know more about how they are connected in examples, just to reinforce your knowledge on how to write them correctly. Let's start with the first letter, which is the Aleph. The Aleph is in there. Stand alone is little like this If it comes as initial should be written like this in the middle. And here is the terminal. As you can see from here, you have to leave a small space between the elephant initial and the media. And of course, in terminal shape. You don't need to because it's the last little in the world. As an example of the initial Al, if we have the verb Accola so okay, love the verb. McCullough means he ate and this is in the person's. So, as you can see from here, there is a small space between the Aleph and the calf. If it comes in the middle shape, we have the verb oiler Colla means, he said in the past tense and also hear the cough followed by an Aleph and the L. A, followed by a lamb. So we need to leave a smallest pierced space here between the Aleph and a lamb and determine the shape we have. The word mayor. The world man means what and always used as a question. So as you can see from here, the little LF is the last letter in the word man and there is no letters coming after it. The next letter we have is the little del little del stand alone like this and initial, then middle and terminal. As an example, we have the ward Dar's the word dirt means Listen. As you can see, the Dell here is full of by Iraq and we need to live a small space between them. If for the middle shape we have the ward Nida, Nida, the world Nida written like this and it means coal or calling. So here, as you have seen that the Dell is followed by an Aleph and also we need to live a smaller space after that immediately. Then we write the Aleph. Another example here for the Dell. When it comes at the end of the world, we have the world meshed mushed. The world measured means glory. As you can see from here. The dell comes at the end off the word meshed, and it is preceded by Jim and afforded by NASA. Nothing, which means no letters coming after it. That's why you can say that the Dell here is at the terminal or the final shape. The next little we have is the little Vell, same as Del, but with one dot above it. So here, initiate Del very little like this in the middle should be written like this terminal written also like this as an example for the initial shape we have the world vab The have as a noun means gold as you can see from here the valve followed by her But of course you need to leave a smaller space between the veil and the head. Next example we have here is the verb Iev Abou the verbiage Habu is in the present tense and it means he goes As you can see from here. The little veil is preceded by year and they followed by her. As you can see, we need to leave a smaller space immediately after the veil. Next example For the term that shape is the world Love Ive love Eve. The world Aviv means delicious and should be written like this. Le Z's have a look at this work. You will find that there comes here at the end off the world Love Eve which means delicious . The next in UN connecting little here is the little role. Stand alone and initial, then here is in the middle, then terminal. So as you can see in the middle here and in the initial, you need to leave a smallest pace, as we said already before then as an example for the initial raw we have here the world reseller. But, he said, that means a message. As you can see, the right here is followed by seeing, and you need to leave a smaller space immediately after the row. The next letter, The next example here is the hodja. Ha Roger means to exit, and here it's a verb in the past tense. As you can see, the right here comes in the middle because it is preceded by her, followed by regime. And, of course, don't forget to leave a smaller space immediately after the row as an example off the role when it comes as terminal, we have the world missile Mr and should be written like this. The world missile means Egypt, as you can see that raw here comes at the end of the world, preceded by short and no more letters coming after all. So it's at the final or terminal shape. Next letter we have is the Littles A that was a here is written like this in the standalone shape and here we have it as initial, then middle and terminal. Don't forget the dot because if you forgot the dot here it becomes rob. So as you can see, we have a space here and here. Also, there is a one space for the middle shape and at the terminal shape no more spaces simply because it is the last letter in the word. So if we take an example were word for the little zay. We have the word zeht the World Zeit Men's oil. As you can see, the little say here comes in the beginning off the word. And that's why you need to live a small space immediately off the little zey. As an example of the middle, we have the verb years through the verbiage. Zulu is in the present tense and it means to visit. Have a look here at the little There you will find that it is preceded by year, followed by a wow. Another example here to show the little say at the end of the world or terminal. You we have the world cans. The world cans means the treasure. As you can see from here, there's a comes at the end of the world cans preceded by noon and normal letters after does A That next none connecting letter we have here is the little well. So the letter well, stand alone, written like this. If it comes in the beginning of the world, simply we write it like this and we need to leave a smaller space after it, then in the middle. And here is the terminal shape. Let's take example for the initial shape we have the word wow ahead. Wahid means one as you can see the world it in here in the beginning of the world. And then we leave a smaller space before we write the letter Aleph as an example of the world. When it comes in the middle, we have the world salt, salt, the world south means voice written like this. Shout as you can see that well here comes in the middle, proceeded by the little short, followed by a tear. And don't forget to leave a small space. As we said between the well and the following Little, which is in this case, as an example for the world when it comes at the end of the word, we have the verb yet, Lou. Yet Lou in the verb in the present tense, and it means to recite. Yet, Lou, As you can see from here, the well is the last little in the world. Yet Lou preceded by Lamp. So you can say he that the little well is in the terminal shape or in the final shape. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 22. How to write words with examples: as Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to join letters to write Arabic words as you have learned earlier. Arabic is written cursive Lee by joining letters. That's why we have learned it the way off writing the four shapes off the 28 letters and now it is the time to apply what you have learned to really to write really words. You should know that one good thing about what Arabic is that we don't have silent letters or sounds, which means every sound in Arabic has a corresponding little. So no confusion. Before I start to show you how the word is written Arabic, I recommend you to grab a piece of paper and a pencil and start to right after me. Here we have some simple words, and we are going to show you how it is written, how they are written. The first word here is the word Sophy Year. Severe means ambassador, then Mohsen More sane, almost give her for the for the honest sallied Happy More on this engineer Jimmy, Lovely or beautiful, Jeff Vab attractive. So let's right the first word, which is seven year. You should know that to write any word in Arabic, you should follow certain steps. Step number one is to write the letters off the world in the standalone shape. So when you read the word or when you hear the word selfie year, you will find that the first letter is the little Sian written like this in their stand alone second letter or next letter is differ Selfie selfie. So you will find that we have fair then, Sir Veal, you have the little year. Then raw comes as the lost letter. So now we have four letters that can be joined together to make the world safe for a year. Step number two or the next step is to write each other in its own shape according to the word you have. So if you look at the letter seen, you will find that it comes in the beginning. So simply right. Seeing as initial next letter is the letter fair which comes in the middle because it is preceded by the little scene and the followed by the little Yeah, so simply right. Fair in the middle like this and the little yeah comes in between two letters. So it's in the middle, is preceded by fat, followed by the little raw. So in the middle should be written like this The next letter and the last is the little raw which comes a year at the end. So it's terminal, so we should write it like this next step to do is just to join these letters together. So simply just joined these letter like this. The last stage you should do now is to shorten or toe cut it off from these long dashes from here. So simply we are going toe Cut it off like this. So these space is we need to cut it off. So the final shape or the final word should be written like this. Sophie, if this is the way off how to write any Arabic world? The next word we we want to rice Here is the word Morrisonn The world morphs in step Number one is to write the letters in the standalone shape. So we have the mean then the huh Then the little scene and the letter noon More sin sin Next step is to write the mean as the show because it comes in the beginning of the work. How here comes in the middle. So simply you're right hat like this seeing comes in the middle because it is preceded by half followed by noon. So simply right seen in the middle like this And you know when here comes at terminal because it is the last letter in the world. So simply write the noon vagueness. Next step is to connect, so we need to connect the letters together. Next step is to cut off the long dashes as we have done earlier. So simply cut it off for him here and also from here and simply from here then the lost shape off the world should be like this more sin. The next example we have is the word for the so the which means honest. So simply we write the first letter of the world is short in the standalone rated like this next letter is for the so we have an Aleph which is a longer vowel, and we're going to explain more or two to show that long vows later on. So here the Aleph is written like this. Then Del and the little cough. So the the first letter is short comes in the beginning. So we write it like this next letter is Aleph. And remember that Aleph is one of the nine connecting letters. So it comes here in the middle. So simply write it like this. Del comes in the middle, which is in between two letters the Aleph and the cough. But because the little Aleph is one of the non connecting letters. So the letter Dell is going to take this shape. Then the cough comes at the end. But remember, it is preceded by Dad, which is one of the non connecting letters. So it will take also the shape. So the next step to do is simply to connect these together. Remember to leave a space here between the L F. And he also after the death. So after we shorten the dashes we have here after you cut this cut off then the last of the final shape of the world So there should be written like this for the coach. Jimmy's honest. The next example we have here is the word side, which means happy side. We have the little scene then I And yet and then four letters. The letter seen is initial because it comes in the beginning. So we write initial scene. I comes in between two letters So it's in the middle. So we right behind in the middle like this? Yeah comes in the middle because it is preceded by I followed by then. So simply we right there like this and l comes at terminal So we just write it like this next step is to join these letters simply just join them like this. So now we need to cut it off from here. So this one you need to cut it off and here as well then here, so short in the space or too short in these dashes The final shape off the world Sorry. Do what she means. Happy should be written like this side. Remember that yet here is a long vowel. Later on, as we said, you will learn more about it. Next example we have here is the ward Muhanned this moron. This means an engineer and when we write it, we write it as usual in the old letters in the standalone shape. So we have mean then move her. Then we have had in the standalone move on hand. So we have known one. So we have Dell and more on this. So the last letter is the scene. So now we have five letters. Step number two is to write the shapes off each editor. So we have the little medium in the beginning of the world. So its initial hair here comes in the middle because it's preceded by me and followed by noon. So simply write the hair like this. Noon comes here in the middle. So should build it in like this, dead in the middle as well. So we just write it like this. Remember that Dell is one of the men connecting letters. So you need to leave a space after the death. That's why the little scene, which is terminal, will take the stand alone shape because it is not connected to a connecting letter. So now the next step is to connect these letters together like this here. We shouldn't connect. We should leave the space as we agreed. So here, simply next step is to cut it off. So simply, we are going toe cut these spaces as we agreed. So simply the final shape of the world Move on this, which means an engineer should be written like this more on this next example. We have the word Jameel the world. Jameel means beautiful. And as you can see, the word Jameel, the first letter is Jim. Then next letter is Jamie. Me so seem. Then we said Jimmy, not just Jimmy. So that's why we have a year longer. Both So Jamie Lee. The last letter is the little lamb. The little GM comes in the beginning as you can see Leterme and comes in the middle so it's written like this. The letter area comes in the middle. The little lamb comes as terminal. So, as you can see from here, next step is to connect these letters together. So next step is to cut it off. So we simply cut it off from here, so short in the dashes or the distances between letters. So the final shape of the world Jameel should be written as Jimmy and should be written like this, which means beautiful Jimmy. The next world we have or the next example is the world jab jab Zeb, which means attractive. When you hear this world, you will find that it comes with the first letter regime. The next letter is well, just just so well is written like this next letter is LF just the sea, it's not just only there, it's in there. That's why we need to add an A live here as a long vowel. So just grab the loss that is the little bad. Next step is to write each letter in its own shape. So the team here comes in the beginning of the world. Jab, jab. So we write in issue. Next letter is veil and remember that there is one of the nun connecting letters. So if it comes in the middle, it should be written like this and you need to keep or to leave a small space between them and the following leather here. Also we have the following letter is an Aleph. So we just tried an Aleph and remember that Aleph is one of the non connecting letters to That's why you need also to leave a smaller space between the IMF and the following letter . That's why you need to write the bear as stand alone As you can see from here, it cannot be connected to the Aleph. So next step we need to take here is to connect. So we connected the regime with the letter that but when we connected the veil toe a left cannot because of that is one of the non connecting letters. So you need to leave this small space then the Aleph is one also of the non connecting letters. That's why you need to live another space here after the airlift, immediately before you write the little BEP that lost a step we should take is to cut off these paces. So here this is a long space or the longer that sheer we need to cut it off. So simply when we read the final shape of the world jab, jab, it should be written like this Jeb, which means attractive. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson. 23. Writing the 28 letters using Naskh Printing Style VS Req’ah Handwriting Style: a Salaam alaikum. Hi. Item Ibrahim is here were come toe, then real Arabic. In this video, you will be introduced to the different ways off writing her backwards or writing Stites. You should know that in Arabic we have three writing styles. The 1st 1 is NASCAR branding style. The 2nd 1 is Ricard handwriting style, and the 3rd 1 is calligraphy. So the 1st 1 is Nasca and should be rated as a world like this Nests and the second time here is Rick are hand writing. And the 3rd 1 is choreography which we call it fennel hot and written like this fun al hot The word the word fen means art and the world all hot means writing or phone. So there are three ways or stays off writing in Arabic. As I said, the 1st 1 is cold branding style and it is denoted by the world mask in Arabic. The 2nd 1 is the handwriting style and is denoted by the world rika in Arabic and the 3rd 1 is paragraph style and it is an art, actually, and it consists off hundreds off styles with a touch off our If you are talking about the first style or the first way off. Writing in Arabic, which is ness branding style, is the standard method off writing Arabic words, and there are a set of rules you need to follow too right Arabic. Worse in NASCAR printing style correctly, you can see the nest style in Arabic text books, magazines, newspapers As you can see from the following picture. This is the nests printing style. It is a piece off newspaper. Erica Handwriting style, in the other hand, is another style of writing Arabic letters and words, and it differs from one person to another. Depends on the style. However. There are set rules you need to follow who were writing in Rika. Larry Castile is considered as one of the fastest methods in writing Arabic letters or words. Most off Arab natives prefer to write using records style because it's faster then ness, as you can see here from this picture, we have the Bismillah Al Rahman Rahim, and here it is written in Rika handwriting style. Later on, you will learn how to write like this. The third style off writing in Arabic is the cartography, and it is called fennel hot art off writing telegraphy or fennel hot is an advancing method off writing, using or using special pencils or pens by telegraph fists. And it needs a touch of art. And here is one example. As you can see, there are three pictures we have here. All of them are written in cartography. So, as I said, cartography is an advanced method. Needs special, I thought you fart. You can see these styles, the calligraphy in most's Islamic decoration banners. As you can see from these three pictures. In this course, you will learn the 1st 2 styles. NASCAR branding style and record handwriting style and calligraphy will be in a separate and other coast. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 24. Writing words using Naskh Printing Style VS Req’ah Handwriting Style: Salaam alaikum. Hatem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this short video, you will learn the difference between ask and rigor writing styles in Arabic. So far, you are familiar with the NASCAR brain thing style because all examples in the previous lessons are written using the NASCAR printings type. Now we will write or rewrite all letters again, using the wreck our style, and we were compare it to the next printing style. Have a look at the this shape you will find that we have on the right hand side there letters written in the NASCAR printing style and on the left hand side. We have the same letter, but it's written in Riker handwriting style. As you can see from here, the Aleph, in case off next printing style, is a little bit longer, and in case off the record, it is a little bit shorter. The next letter is the little bear, the letter bear. As you can see in the nest, it is written with two sides and wondered underneath in case off wreck are we cut off the first side as you can see and convert it into a small hook and we place the dot underneath as well. Similarly, for the letter tear, there has two dots in case Africa. We just joined these two dots to make them as ones mall or short Desh And he is The author has three dots and in case off wreck are we join these three dots to be written like this shape next group of letters. We have zem and hat and hope. As you can see from here, the little Geum in case off mask has an open head. However, in case off wreck, are we just close this head similarly for her and hope next group flatters we have Dell. And then, as you can see from here, the Dell in case off NASCAR is a little bit bigger and the top part off the Dell here is bigger than the top part off the Dell in case off. But it got similarly for the little vell just bought or place one dot above it. The little raw in case off wreck are in case of NASCAR is bigger, as you can see from here and in case off wreck eyes just smaller than in case off desk, there is same, but with one dot above it. The little scene, as you can see from here in case off. Now ask the letter. Seen has three teeth in case off mask. And in case Africa, we join or we just write a small dash or a small line with a hook. In case off record the letter Sheen has $3 in case off mask and in case off wreck are we write it exactly as Rykoff seen or or the letter seen in America. But we just enjoying these three does as we did with the letter there, thought in case off mask is a little bit bigger than in case Africa and the oblong off sword in the NASCAR is bigger than the oblong in the short or in case off Erica. Similarly, for the little door and it has one dot above it. The little tour. As you can see, the oblong here, is much bigger than in case off recur. Similarly for their little vote, but with one dot above it, which is similar to talk, the little line clear here that in case off NASCAR, the head is bigger compared to the head in the Ein in Rika handwriting style. Similarly for line which comes with one dot above it the little fair. As you can see from here the head off the fair is bigger than in case off in asking then the head in case off record and they i or the head is closed in case off record, as you can see from here cough as you can see also from the cough Here we have the head here is opened and in case Africa, it is already closed and sometimes the two dots are joined into a small does that should be above here but in this case could be used also without any dots The letter calf which comes here As you can see, the small style caf, which is written here, is not written in case off wreck our And in the other hand we just make it curve it like this way the little lamb in case off NASCAR is bigger than in case Africa, as you can see. Also the little mean the little Mim has a bigger head convert toe the letter mem in case off but a guy and more over in case off rock authorities closed. As you can see from here, next letter is the letter noon. The little noone has adult above it in case off mask. And as you can see from here in case off Rika, we just connected a doctor The left side off the noon. As you can see from here the letterhead, the little hair in case off nuts is a big circle closed circle like this. And here, in case off regard is also closed, but a little bit. Curve it and smaller the little Well, the head off the well here is an open circle. As as you can see, all the eye here is open. But in case off the Erica the handwriting Rika the well is closed and smaller. The last letter we have here is the letter year. As you can see from here, the year has two dots underneath in case off NASCAR. And when it is written in the Ricard handwriting, you will see that we have joined these two dots underneath the year and they are as one line. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson 25. How to write Arabic words using Req’ah handwriting style 1: a Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. We're come to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn how to write the 28 letters in Recker handwriting style compared to the nest printing style. Before I start writing, I commend you to grab a piece of paper and a pencil and started right after me. Let's start with the first letter. The letter is Elif, and in case off mask, we write a life like this and in case Africa, it is written exactly same, but a little bit smaller. Like this next letter. We have a group off there and there and step. So in case off mask, we write it like this bad. Then we have that and fit. If we don't want to write the best in case off Fricka handwriting simply, we write it like this so it could be a little like this. In some cases, it could be written also like this. The little tear. Similarly, you can write it like this and remember to make the two dots or to join them into one small life. And also it could be written like this and for the little fair sphere written like this and the three dots should be like this. And also there is another way which could be written like this. So this is the Rika handwriting style off the three letters back there and said Next group of letters, we have zem and hat and hope. So we regime in the nest like this then we have had and the little hole. If we want now to write these letters in Rika simply we write it like this. This is a regime rebuked him like this again like this and for her exactly same, but with no dots. And he is the hope with one dot above it the next group off that as we have Dell and, well, NASCAR branding style, we right there like this and fell same, but with one dot above it. And when we write it in record handwriting simply, you write it like this and they're exactly same. But with one dot above it next to a group of letters we have raw and zey in case off nasty , right, raw like this the same but with one don't above it. So now if we wanted to write the raw we write it like this. This is the Rika and similarly for the little zey next group of letters we have seen and Sheen the letter seen in NASCAR. We righted with the three t's like this, and Sheen is exactly saying, but with the $3 above it. So now if we write it in, then Rika simply we write it like this. That's foreseen. And that's for the little sheen and the $3 although joined leg this way, Sometimes that scene is written like this, and the sheen also could be written like this. It depends on the writing on the handwriting style next to Group Off that as we have short and board in the square, right, sort like this. Remember that oblong here is bigger compared to the Africa, and God is written like this with one dot above it. So now when we read them in America simply smolder and just make it like this, that's for sort, and he for their lot. Don't forget the dot in case off port next to group off that as we have talked and vote So talk is written like this in case off nuts what is exactly same. But with one dot and now when we write it in, Rika simply make the oblong smaller. So it should be written like this. That's for thought. And here for what? Sometimes in case of Fricka, the stroke or the line which comes from top to down, is not from top to bottom is not touching the oblong. So you can, for example, you can find it written like this. Sometimes all are correct. Next group of letters we have eyeing and wine in case often ask. You have learned to write behind like this and the vine exactly saying but with one dot above it. So now if I wanted to write them in Rika simply make the head smaller, convert through the nurse so simply just write it like this and he for the line, which exactly same but with one dot above it, remember to make the head smaller a little bit. Next letter we have is the letter fit the little fair in case off nuts, we write it like this. And now if you write it in case off. But Erica simply is written like this. As you can see here, the head is smaller and closed compared to the nest again should be written like this. That's the fact. In case of the cough, the cough is written with a longer neck and two dots on. Now when we write it in Rika simply we write it like this and we make the two does or rejoined them into. But we make them join into one line. So it again should be written like this. The little cave calf and lamb. We read the calf like this in case of nuts and the lamb like this. Now if we write the calf in case of Africa, simply rewrite it like this. Have you noticed that the small calf which is written here is not treating here anymore? It is just only like curve it like this way. And the little lamb is exactly same but a little bit smaller like this. That little mean I mean, we write mean like this in case of NASCAR. And if I want now to write it in regards simply, it is written like this sometimes like this and sometimes this was closed from here, so both are correct, so you can read it again. Smaller bank this. So that's for the mean. In case off Rika after the letter mean we have the little noon. The letter noon in case off ness written like this with one dot remember that the noon looks like a boat, which is more covered. Any case of bear or tear or fed. So now when we write it in case off wreck are simply we write it like this. Have you noticed that the dot which comes here in on the center off the noon, is going to get joined to the left hand side curve, as you can see from here? So we write it again like this. So that's for the letter. Noon. Next letter is head. How is a small semicircle actual? Because it's not a circle. So we just write it like this in case off NASCAR. And here, when it is written in Red Car, simply, we just make it a little bit smaller and curve it like this. Then the next letter, noon hair and, well, the little well, in case off the ah, NASCAR, we write it like this and guess Africa. We simply write it like this, which means a little bit smaller with a closed I so like that. So we just read it. Yeah, once more like this. So this is for their little well after the little world. We have the little year and the little year in us. We right here like this with two dots. And now when we write it in America simply, you make it a little bit smaller and the two dots are joined into one line or one dash. So as you can see, this is the year when it is written in the Rika like this. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 26. How to write Arabic words using Req’ah handwriting style: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn how to join letters to write worse in Rika handwriting style. Earlier, you have learned how to write words by joining letters, and that was in ask printing style. Let's write words in rika handwriting style and compare it toe the mask printing style to learn the differences between the two different writing styles. Before we start trying, t have a look at the following table. On the right hand side, you will find the worst written in NASCAR printing style, and on the left hand side here you will find the words of the same words. Buttery in America, handwriting style. The first word we have is the war 70 year safe either means Ambassador. Next word is mohandes, which means an engineer. Then we have more limb, which means a teacher, more sheriff, which means Supervisor Jemile, which means the beautiful Saeed happy Hakim wife. Marry sick. Very real. Loli, Brushy light or Slim zeh me a colleague. So now let's write the two types off styles and let's learn the differences. Before we start, I recommend you to grab a piece of paper and a pencil and start writing after me. The first world is the World safety year. We are going to write the work in the nest. Then we write it again in record. So here, if we say the word 70 year it then like this. If I want now to write the same word using the record handwriting states simply we write it like this. Have you noticed that the scene here has bean change it into a different shape and also there yet which comes here still forward and here takes like a bridge and the raw, gritty, like this way. So I read it again and the two dots off the year becomes a small, short lionore dish. The next word we have is the word mohandes. So mohandes means an engineer and in case off mask we write the world like this Mohandes. So now if I write it in rika simply districting like this Mohand this have a look at the mean you will find that the maim here is opened and bigger and here is just smaller. And in case of how you will find that hair here, nest takes number h shaped like or like the way you're frightening. Number it in English. And here, when it comes in the rika it takes the shape. Remember also that the scene here is the corresponding When Ricard is written like this So the world mohandes means an engineer. So if I want to real write it again simply, you just tried it like this. More Hondas. Next word we have is well, I limb my limb. Let's write it in. No ask Then we write it in Africa. So the water model limb is written like this in us If I want now to write it in regards simply, it is written like this. As you can see, the mean here is different from here and also the mean here is different from here. Remember also that the hind here is bigger in case of nuts Convert to the recur. So let's rewrite it again. Certain like this more limb which means a teacher that next word is the word mush. Sheriff Motion If means the supervisor and hear how we write it in case off nest most sheriff supervisor And if I want now to write it in America simply, it could be written like this or could be written also like this. So this is the way off how to write the word motion. If in Africa have you noticed that Mihm here is bigger and here is smaller and the sheen here comes with three teeth with three dots and here it comes is just only like a dash or a long line like this with the three dots joined. As you can see from here or in different handwriting, styles could be written as usual with the three t's and with the cab or with the three dots , as you can see from you. Next was we have here is the world Jameel and Side Jameel and side. Let's write the word Jimmy, which means beautiful. And in this So Jimmy like this. So now if I want to write it and Rick are simply we write it like this. Have you noticed that the gym here is close compared to the nest and the mean here is just small converter, the mean here and the two dots off the year has been joined here into one small dash or one small line. So I write it again, Jameel, which means beautiful. Next word is the word side, which means happy and tribute it in like this side. This is nuts. And now if I want toe right it and record simply, it is written like this side again went to more Saeed, which means happy. Have you noticed that the scene has been changed into the shape and Rick are and the to doze off? The year has been joined here into one small dash under media. So this for the sad, the world side happy Next to us, we have the world Hakim and Maria. So the word Hakim which is written like this in us. Hakim. So now when you write this word with in the Rika simply you can write it like this. This is one way another way is to write it like this. Third way is to write it like this. So it depends on your style. So this is how to write the world. Hakim, have you noticed that the height here is open in case of nuts and he is closed and that yet here has two dots in case of nuts and has all these two dots are joined now and in case off Erica. So this for the world. Hakim. The next word is moneyed, which means sick. So the warden married in case off nest. We just write it like this, Maria. Sometimes it means patient or sick. Now, if I wanted to write it in NASCAR in the wreck are simply you can write it like this. This is one way and another way could be also like this. So as you can see here, the mean is different in case Africa is smaller compared to them in here. And also the right here is bigger than here. Also the dog. You can write it in this way or simply you can read it like this way. So this is the world, Maria, which means sick or patient. Next word we have in the world, the real value means lowly. If you remember, we have learned this word before. So here, if I just ride the world very real simply in us, we write it like this. The real means lowly or low values if they want enough to write the same word. But in regards simply written like this. Have you noticed that two dots off the year has been changing into one small dash. So this for the world Villarreal. Their next word we have is the word Rossii and the meal the world Russia means slim and means also light. So if we just write it in next first she should be it. It's on Rock and she and yeah, and the cough like this. Don't forget the dots machine Now if I wanted to write it in Rika simply, we just write it like this. She So this is the way. How to right there the sheen in case off Erica and the year, As you can see here, the cough here has two ways to write. You can just write it like this, or simply also you can write it like this and another way is to write it also like this. So this is the world Rashid in case off NASCAR. And here are the three variations or three ways off record handwriting. Next word or the last one we have here is the world Zamil the world The meal means a colleague. So if we write it here in case off mask simply just write it like this Zamil, if you write it in Rick, are simply make it like this. So this is one way the meal and could be also written like this. This is the way off. How to write the record hand writing style compared toa the NASCAR printing style. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 27. Introduction to vowels in Arabic with examples : Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim. Ibrahim is here. We're come toe the real Arabic. In this video you will be introduced to the vows in Arabic. Harakat 1000 Arabic are diluted by the world. Harrogate which means movements. The world. Harakat is a plural world and the singular is the world. Haruchika. So this is the world Hockett, which is pleura. And the singler is halacha which is written like this, which means a movement letter on you will learn more about plural and singular. In this course, vowels or Harkat in Arabic can be categorized into three types. The 1st 1 is short vowels, long vowels and supplementary that critics the 1st 1 which is short Vowels are diluted by Harakat Casilla. The world Jasira written like this, which means short in Arabic. And the long vowels is Coahuila, which means long vowels in Arabic, Zoila dia critics or supplement trait that their critics is denoted by the war. Tash Keel, which is written like this. That skill. So we have Harakat three types Sierra short vowels, Zoila long vowels and Chesky, which means supplementary die critics. The short vowels in Arabic look like dashes and simple, written above or below the letter in orderto pronounce it correctly. For example, the short vowels here are three. The 1st 1 is fat, huh? And it is written as small the you're gonna dash written always above the little so fat, huh is a small they're gonna dash reason always above the little Obama is a small well which is written always above the letter. And Kasra is the opposite off the feta, which means is small. They are gonna dash but written below or underneath the little and the fourth or Huila or long vowed we have three letters. The first letter is the letter Aleph, and well, and yet these are the three long vowels and for the supplemental, the their critics we have the soup coun, which is written as a small circle on top of the letter and we have the cheddar which is written like a W or a small w on top of the little. We will learn all of these in details later for you as a beginner, you need to learn them and you there and you also you need to learn how to pronounce the letters when they are written with Harrick yet to avoid wrong pronunciation in Arabic. However, you shouldn't depend on writing the Harakat every time you write the same work. And also you should know that all vowels are not necessary to be written above all below the letters. It should be written on Lee when not writing them might lead to different meanings. For example, let's take these two words. The first word is shad eba sherry back, which is a verb in the past ins and it means he drank. So it comes in the present tense as yesterday Abu and in the past tense is Shaariibuu, which means he drank later on. You will learn more about verbs in this course when we bought the havoc it on this what simply we see share three better. So the first letter sheen comes with with the fat, huh? The second little raw comes with Castro and the bet comes with a feta. So when we pronounce this word correctly, we should say share Reba faster is Shah Reba. We have the same letters or the same spilling over the word, which is sure sure which is written like this. If you compare the two words, you will find that they are exactly same she and has Here we have his sheen raw, raw, bad bet. In this case, you need to boot the vowels to make difference between these two words. The second world we have here is written with Harrick It as sure, sure, but Sheen was tomorrow with a school in back here, also with a spoon. So, as you can see from here, this world means, sure, but which is a verb, a noun in Arabic and it means drinking. So the first word here is a verb, and in the past, ins means drank. And the second word here is verbal known, and it means drinking with high energy. Later on, you will learn more about the bourbon now, in this course. So, as you can see from here, it is necessary to use the Harakat or the vowels in case off the so if the word has the same is spilling with another world. So to make difference or to make it different from the other words, simply use the Harakat in this case. Otherwise, you don't need to write the Halik it Every time you write the world, you should know that short votes long vows and the supplements or their critics are not part off the Arabic alphabet, but the are pronounce it. When the letters are joined to make words, the show the house are three marks. As you can see from here, they are the fat, huh? And Obama and the customer. So they are marks the fact that comes above the letter the dumb comes also above the letter . The Kasra goes below the letter. Then the long vowels here are not marks. They are vowel letters. The 1st 1 is Elif. 2nd 1 is well and the lost letter year is the little year, which is a long vote. So we have Aleph. Where were these letters? Are the long votes in Arabic, Sometimes the word Tash keel which we wrote it here. The world s keel is used to refer to using the show vows and the supplements or their critics. When writing Arabic text, for example, we have this sentence which is Bismillah Rahman Rahim, which means in the name of Allah. So simply we write it like this like this way. So if this text without any vowels or any Harrogate, invest in this case, we we can say that this is none Vocalized text none vocalized text However, when you start to use the Harakat as this this me Miss Miller He uh huh Manny our hey me in this In this case because of that every letter in the every letter in every word Here you is written with the vowel. In this case, we can say that this is a vocalized text. So without the votes, without the votes, it's non vocalized or un vocalized. But with the vowels, we could vocalize text, which means the skill. So this sentence now comes with a Skeel because we used the fat had a mother Kasra or whatever Shore vowels or supplementary dire critics written on each other. Thanks for watching and listening through the next lesson. 28. The short vowel Fathah with examples: a Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn the short vowel Fattah. First of all, you should know that the world Fattah is drived from the verb vfd Aho. So if we're right, the work fattah means opening and is drive from the verb left a hole you have Tahoe in the present tense means to open. You have Tahoe letter or you will learn more about verbs. So with the word Fattah comes from the verb CF Tahoe, which means to open. And in this case, the world Fattah means opening. So whenever you pronounce a little with a fat, huh? You should open your mouth. That's why we have given the name fat to the short vowel Fattah. The fat, huh? In Arabic can be represented by a small the you're gonna line or dash placed always above the little. Which means if we have the letter on the line like this in that case, the fat has should be written here as a small the You gonna dash or line the fact in Roman ized Arabic can be represented by the letter A for example, If I have the little scene with the fat, huh? I will write it in the stand alone like this and in the initial. And here is in the middle and the term. So now if I wanted to write the fat house simply I write it here like this, sir. And he if it comes in the beginning of the world, also pronounce it as, say, in the middle and terminal. So now if I wanted to represent the little scene which he comes here with a fat heart in Roman ized Arabic simply we read the simple or the letter off the scene which is s and the Fed, huh is represented by the letter A. So when you pronounce the little scene with the fat high in Arabic, it should be pronouncing as set. Whatever position the scene comes in in the beginning, in the middle or in the term in the shape. If we're going to talk about the vowel length or the length off the vowel fat, huh? You should remember that Fat hot is a short vote. How Rocket Castillo. So the fat, huh is one off the market? Cacia, we have learned this in the previous listen, Call Sierra means shore and the in the world. Harakat means vowels so fat. He is one of them. Remember, we have three short vowels in Arabic, fat high in the 1st 1 and drama and Gasela. So the length off the short vowel fact, huh is measured by either and open fingers or opening a closed fingers, which is around two seconds. So the pre seed the perceived duration off the shore of Al Fattah is around two seconds. So if I say the little scene with a fat high, I should say it as sir, they're Lewis fat her, I should say, as the and so on. So if we take some examples off the 28 letters or from the 28 letters with the fat, huh? We learned how to pronounce them with it. So if I say the letter bear, for example, in the standalone buys like this and here with the fat, huh? In the beginning should be written like this with the fat in the middle and the front highs here and terminal back like this and all of them are pronounce it as the similarly for the letter regime if I read the team, understand? Alone becomes Asia with the fat in the beginning. Yeah, in the middle. Written as jah and termina with the Fed Huh? Pronounce it as you You can apply this with the 28 letters you have learned earlier. Let's take some example Waas We have the verb Catawba Catawba is a verb In the past, ins means he wrote when we bought the Harakat here or the vault, we will find that the calf takes front. Huh? That takes but her bet Expert So when you pronounce this word, you should say Taba, Taba, Catawba. Another example we have here is the verb vertebra the harbour. The verb is in the past. It's as well and it means he went. So if I read the whole Alkatiri will find the hair bear The harbour he went Another example is Shara, huh? Shara as a verb is also in the past tense and it means he explained, Shara, when we use the Harakat here, simply say, shall raw hat shut off head. Have you noticed the length off the vault, Fattah on the three letters she and and draw and half you will find that it's around two seconds. So he will say, Share our if you say it faster simply you say Shara. He explained another example. We have the verb shack out off Shekarau as a verb is in the past ins, and it means to say thank you all. He think so Here, when we use the hurricane. Okay, roll check out all shake arrow Faster is Shakara. Let's take another example. We have the word A said. I said as a za noun is a line asset should be debited like this. When we write it with Harakat, I said. So as you can see, the Aleph takes fright hot and it's pronounced that's seeing takes fat, huh? And it's pronounce it as Sir, I said, Which means lion? Another example. We have that verb shad eba sherry back shad eba. When we use the Harakat here, share three shot. Ryba is a verb in the past ins, and it means he drank sherry ba. If you see it, festive becomes chad eba. The last example we have here is the verb feta, huh? Further, huh is a verb. In the past ins, as we have mentioned just now and it means he opened. And that's what the word fat ha comes from. So here fact Aha means he opened. And as you can see from here, the all three letters and hat take fat, huh? So, as you can see here, fair their hair Fedewa feta ha means he opened. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 29. The short vowel Dammah with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hazem Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. And this video you will learn the short vowel bomber. You should know that the world dhamma is drived from the verb you don't move, which means to collect or together. So the world dhamma means gathering or collecting. And as you or as the name says you should together, or collect your lips full word whenever you pronounce a letter with them. So the war done. Matt written like this, and it comes from the verb your don't move. Yeah, the move means to collect or to gather, and it is a verb in the present tense as it mentioned, you will learn more about verbs later on. In this course, the Dumber in Arabic can be represented by a tiny or small written while always written above the letter. So if we have the little well, the drama is just a small well, which is it didn't like this, and it is written always above their little the drama never written below the letter in the Roman ized Arabic According to Lend really Arabic fanatic system, the drama can be represented by the small old, so the dumber always produces the sound off the letter O let's the example When we said in the previous video about the little scene with feta, we pronounce it as Sir, we are going now to write and to pronounce the little scene with Adam. So seeing in the standalone written like this and in the beginning and here is in the middle and terminal scene. When we use the Obama, you will find that it is written above the scene. So it is pronounced as sue and actually as we said is represented by s and all here. The scene, if it comes in the beginning with a llama, still pronounce it exactly as Sue. And here in the middle, Sue and terminal. So if we take another example for example, the little food fourth in the stand alone, like this initial middle and the minute. And if we use the Dhamma becomes sue. And here fruit middle, full and to him in the food. Remember that there is a difference between the seen and the Ford. So the little seeing with a llama is sue. However, with the letter Ford with Obama is food fool, as you can see from here. That bomb is a short vowel, which means one off the Valiquette era. Remember we said that the Harakat cause era in Arabic or three. The 1st 1 is fat, huh? And the 2nd 1 is drama, and the 3rd 1 is the castle. So since it, Adam A is one of the short vowels. And and the world short means Cus era, as we have mentioned. So the lens off the short Valdemar should be measured by either opening to close fingers or closing to open fingers, which is around two seconds. So the received duration off the short Valdemar is around two seconds. That's why here, when I say seeing with a drama, I should say it as so soup Faud with a short Valdemar should be pronounced as full zem with short Valderrama should be pronounced as you. So if I have the regime in the stand alone and here in issue and in the middle and terminal should be written like this. So now if I use the Harakat simply I say, as you can see from here, so always pronounce it as a joke. Don't say you, because in this case, could be confusing with a long vowel. Well, as you learn later on in this course So now let's take some example words. We have the word coup tube YouTube could have beens box. And this world actually is is Ah ah flora broken pleura. And the single is key Tab Sochi Tab is a book Coup tube is books and should be written like this Later on. You will learn more about the broken flora If we use the Harakat here simply we say co tube cool Cool tube. Have you noticed the calf takes the mother takes drama So here we say coo coo And then to so cool tube coup tube The next word is the world, huh? Grube so rube and should be written like this The word group is also brought comm pleura And the singler is Harrop, which means war. So Haru means wars. So if we use the Harakat here, you will find that the higher takes dumber. So So so. And the rock takes also the um So as you can see from here, by the way, the little well he is a long involved. That's what takes a schoon Later on, you will learn more about long votes. So here show Rube, Rube, which means wars. Another example. We have the world home hold means a dream and should be written like this holding when we bought the Harakat Simply phone as you can see from here the heartaches bomber That's why with it who hold him? Don't say whole wrong. It should be home short vowel boom! The next example we have is the world Serb Philip and should be written like this, so hope means clouds. So when we use the Harakat so help SoBe soho So help, which means clouds. Next example we have the world Bruges, Bruges, the world Bruges written like this And this word is a broken flora and it means hours Singler is bullish and the pleura is Bruges. When we use the Harakat here, have a look at the back It takes lama raw also takes some So boru bruise. The next example is the word Russell Russell Russell is a broken pleura and the singler is raw fool, which means messenger. So Russell means messengers. So here, when we use the horror God's rule roso role soul So Rosell is messengers and the single Israel School. Have you noticed the right here takes Dhamma? The scene also takes drama. So we say this word as Roso Russell Russell. Next example we have is the ward Furuya Food war, the world food. You're Britain like this. And when we use the Harakat here, simply say sue four or four or means happiness. Happiness as you can see from here the world The letter C and takes Rama The little rock takes dumber so we say Sue route through or for food, water. Another example we have here is the world hook Cam Cam the world Ho Kam is a broken floor and it means rulers the singular is hacking. Hacking means a ruler or governor So when we make it in the broken pleura form, it takes the world Help came as you can see from here that hat takes the lama who can help . Cam ho ho Ho Kam means rulers or governors. Thanks for watching and let's move through the next lesson 30. The short vowel Kasrah with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Will come to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn the short vowel Cassa. First of all, you should know that the word Kasra is Dr from the verb Yeah, CSIRO in the present tense or Cassara in the past tense, which means toe break or to smash. However, in this context, it means to lower the bottom Joe to make the lips lower, to produce the sound off the English e. So the word Kasra, which is written like this and comes from the verb yak zero in the present tense. And you will learn more about verbs later on. And the pistons is Cassara, which means to smash or toe break. The Kasra in Arabic is represented by a small diagonal line or short dash placed always below the little castle. I never written above the little So if we say that the letter or this is the line where we write the little on in this case Castle A should be here and actually should be more. They are gonna like this. It is opposite off. Fattah, remember? Fat her always written above the letter and never written below the letter. So the Kasra in Roman ized Arabic according to learn Really Arabic phonetic system is represented by the small e and always pronounce it or produces the sound off e. So, for example, if we take the little scene in the full shapes, the stand alone scene should be like this. In the beginning of the world, initial scene in the middle, seen terminal or final at the end of the world should be written like this. So now if we wanted to write the Kasra, simply hear you say see And here, see, see and see. And here if we wanted to. Roman eyes it simply you just write s which represents the little scene and the small e which represents the Cussler. So all of the scene in the Four Shapes here, our pronounce it as C. You should know that Kasra, as we have mentioned, is a short vote. Which means Erika Garcia, How DACA Jasira. So simply if we want to know the length off the vowel or of the short vowel Kasra, you should measure it as short and as usual. The length off the short well is measured by either opening to close fingers or clothing to upend fingers, which means it's around two seconds. So the pre Seve duration off the short vowel Kasra is around two seconds. So if I pronounce the little seen here again with the Kasra, I should say, C not C. Let's take another example from the 28 letters. If we have the little tear, for example, in the four shapes like this stand alone. And here is the initial shape here is in the middle and terminal. So now if we write the Castro, you will find that this letter there is pronounced as t de de and T. So if we represent the letter T or the letter Tet with the letter T. So in this case, the customer here, as we mentioned, should be represented by the little E. So here we pronounce it as t Let's take some examples works. The first word we have here is the word message ID message ID which is it in like this mess ? If we wanted to use the haricots simply, we have the man or the mean Here comes with a fat hand. It's pronounce it as my mess. Here we have a stroke. Oon letter on you will learn the Su kun and the MSG mess. Jed mess Jade. Which means most as you can see from here the gene takes casa. That's why we have said it as g mass g mess mess did another example. Here we have the verb. Shari Baba Sharry. By means to drink in the past tense means he drank. So if I write the verb sherry ba which is written like this shad eba So here, when we use the haricots, we say share three back. As you can see from here, the little raw takes the castle. So it is. Pronounce it as re so sherry sherry ba share Reba. She takes fat high. Batic. Sveta. So we say, share re Sharia. He drank another example. We have here. We have the verb, Fahima Fahima means to understand as a verb. So Fahima should be written like this. When we use the Harakat simply we say fair. He met as you can see from here. The hair is the letter which takes customers. So we should try. Not as fair. He, he Fahima Fahima means to understand another example. We have the word for Bebe, for Bebe means a doctor and should be little like this. Let's use the Harakat. So we say Tour be Toby. Have you noticed that that letter back here is the letter which takes the Kasra so we should pronounce it as be so, Toby, remember that we have a here which is considered as a long vowed. That's why you need to extend the sound off the little back here. So instead of just saying be it becomes B and letter or you will learn more details about long balls. So here we say it will be. We have the word shame. Our Haimar means a donkey. So when you write it here, shame our have you noticed that the hat comes with the customer? That's why we started the world by saying he Hema Hema. So the main here takes fat house So him a and the security on the right here. So Haimar, remember that the l A fear is a longer vowel and also should take Su kun as you learn later on. So here we say, Hey, Haimar, which means a donkey. Another example. Also we have the word Hakim, the world Hakim is a wise man, Weiss. So hockey team, which is written like this when we bought the Harakat, simply say her key hacky. And remember also that there here comes as a long vowed. That's why the calf comes with Castro and you need to extend the sound off. He here because of their long vowel. Yeah, so here, simply we say the calf comes with the castle. A show, so it should be pronounced as kee. So hacky, hacky, hacky the world Cassie Year Asier means short. And the opposite is the real so called costs a year, which is a little like this. As you can see from here, the sword comes with a customer. So here we say, Oh Coursey, Alcee year. And also we have a long vowel yet here, which represents the longer vowel sound. As we said since a while. So here call See you, which means short and the opposite is the wheel like this. The wheel means told or sometimes it means long. So when we use the Harakat e, we say talk, we thought, Well, so they are here also is a long vote, so the well means long or tall as you can see from here, the world takes the Cassa for Well, thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 31. Introducing long vowels in Arabic : Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will be introduced to the long vowels in Arabic. Al Harakah to Coahuila, Al Harakah to a gorilla. Long vowels and Arabic are diluted by Harrick. Yet, Leela, and as the name says, it makes the little that perceiving them to be pronounced it longer than the short vowels. Remember that the short votes Harakat Masire or three fat, huh? Mama Castle. And now for the Harakat Zoila. We have also three. But they are letters in this case. LF well and the Yeah. So the three long vowels are Elif and well, and the letter. Yet you should know that these three letters Aleph well and yet are very important in Arabic as they can be used as a long vowel and also can be used as a continent. And don't forget that they can be used also with Hamza as a seat or Corsi. That's why these three letters are very important in Arabic. And we call them, by the way, as weak letters roof Ella later on, you will learn more about them. The long vowels considered as long because of the stress they bought on a given Vowed for example in English when we say these words like feed and feet and the world loose. As you can see from here, there is a stress on the double e in the world feed and also there is a stress. And on that double e on the world feet and similarly for the world lose. That's why in Arabic we represent the long vowel Elif by double a. So according to that learn really Arabic phonetic system, you will find that we have the letter. Aleph, as a long vowel is represented by the Double A and the little wow is represented by double O and the yet is represented boy double E. You should know that the three long votes Aleph Wow and yet have a corresponding short vows . Which means the long vowel Aleph is preceded by a letter with short vowel Fattah. So if we if we say that X is the letter which is receding that long vowel I live In that case, this X must take a fat huh? For example, when you have the little scene followed by a long vowed Elif in this case the scene must take feta z m if it is followed by the long vowel Elif. In that case, we have the Z m and I live. And here we have a fat her own regime. So the first example it's ah second example, Gia and so on. For the remaining off the 28 little's the long vowel wow must be preceded by a letter with a short vowel dumber, for example, when I have the letter seen and followed by the long ball Well, in this case, you can say sue and the senior must take a dumber and the little regime if it is followed by a long vowel. Wow, In this case, it should be you. And that gene here must take a Cassa. Similarly, for the long Valya, the long vowel yeah, must be preceded by a little with a short vowel Kasra. So, for example, if I have a little fair, if we have that fat followed by a year as a long vowel in this case, the fair must take a custom. So it becomes fee. So the customs should be here. The little regime followed by the year as a long vowel In this case, the team must take a customer. So it becomes like G like this. And the customer is here. This is very important. Regarding the length off the long vows. He should know that the long vows Aleph, Orwell or yeah, should be at least twice as off the short vows. Harakat, Jasira, remember that. We said that the length off the short vowels is around two seconds. So in this case, the length off the long vowel should be at least four seconds. And actually, in some cases, it can go for six seconds, as in the Holy Koran. And I will explain this later on in their next lessons. So here, for example, when I pronounced the fair which is full of by long vowel Yeah, in this case, I say we have you noticed the length off the in this case, As you can see, there is a difference when you say feet and fee. Sophie is a short vowel. The length is two seconds around. And if you say it as a long vowel, it becomes fee, which means at least two seconds, at least four seconds. As I've mentioned, it is important to mention here that you need to pronounce the long vowels correctly, because if you didn't pronounce the length or the correct length off the long vowel, that might make mistakes in meanings, so you might deliver the long the wrong message. Examples would be given on this in the following listens. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next list. 32. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) ha.m°.za.h°: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Item. Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn the Hamza which is one of the supplementary letters or one of the none, all for bitter tractors. First of all, you should know that Hamza is not one off the 28 letters and it indicates the global stop Hamza can be written in four different ways. The first way is to be written by itself on the line, as you can see from here. Number two it comes with the letter Aleph. And in this case, the little Aleph is a seat for the Hamza. And as you can see from here, the Hamza comes on top of Caliph or below. Aleph said the method is with the little well, and in this case it takes it a while as a seat and tribute it in like this four method is with the little year and in this case, it takes there as a seat. So it should be a little like this. And we there with the two dots. Let's start writing the first case. The first case is that the Hamza comes by itself, which means on the line without having any seeds. And in this case, mostly it is written at the end of the world. And in few cases it is right in the middle of the world. Let's the examples. The first example here is the word summer. The world sama means sky and should be written like this summer. As you can see from here at the end of the world, we have Hamza, which means comes by itself on the line. The pronunciation off the hamza in this case is affected by the position off the word in the sentence. Any word in Arabic especially now, once have three cases or three case positioning in sentences, it could be ending with a fat how or with a drama or with a castle, depending on the position of the word in the sentence. So if we use the Harakat here, we will find that damn that can take a fat, huh? For example. And in this case, it should be pronounced as Sam. Uh huh. If the position of the word makes it with Dhamma, it will be sama. And if the position of the word makes it with Kasra, should be pronounced s m a E. Later on, you will learn more about positions off words in sentences. Another example is the word, Matt. The word mat means water should be written like this. Matt, As you can see from this example, the Hamza here comes at the end of the world. So it is affected also by the position off the world map in the sentence. So if it comes with the foot, huh? Then it is not as my, uh uh. If it is with Obama, it will be pronounced as Mara do. If it comes with the customer, it would be post as my e. So, depending on the position of the word match in the sentence, the Hamza is going to be pronounced it with the three different vowels. My, uh, or my or my e. That next case we have here is Win. The Hamza is written with the Aleph. And in this case, the Aleph is a seed four Hamza and the Aleph. When it is a seat off Hamza, we have two ways to write it the first way. If the Hamza comes on top of the Aleph like this, if the Hamza comes on top of all, if we have two options, these two options are If the Hamza comes with the Fattah. So it is written like this and we ride the fat, huh? On top of the Hamza. Second, the case. If the Hamza comes on top of the Aleph, but with Adam. So in this case, we write the dumber like this. LF boys hamza and fat, huh is always promoted as and Aleph with Hamza and drama always pronounced as oh, let's take example when the Hamza comes with a fat how on top of the Al if we have the word , Ahmed is a name. So, as you can see here, Ahmed, the Hamza comes here on top of the Aleph with a fat head. That's why we have pronouncing the olive here as another example, like when you say the verb loves law means to be sensor. It's a verb. As we said, we will learn more about verbs letter on this course. So as you can see from here, uh, at all love for So as you can see from here, the Hamza comes on top off Aleph and it takes fat hard. That's why the we have pronouncing as Ahamad at the second case, which is Hamza comes on top of Allah. But with Dom like for example, when we say the word Huma, the word doma means nation. And in this case, the Hamza which comes on top off. Aleph is taking that bomb. That's why when we pronounce it, we say, Ooh, oma. So as you can see, the Aleph comes on Tobe off the hamster comes on top off Aleph and in the same time it takes a number. That's why it is pronounced as who Another example is the world. Osama. Osama is one of the names off the line. So when you write it like this, um uh, the hams is here but takes that bomb. That's why you need to say it as Husam Osama or Huma UMA, which means nation. So if that Hamza comes on top of the Aleph, as we said it takes these two options depends on the world. What if the Hamza comes to be loader Elif, In this case, it is always pronounce it e and there is no another option. So it's only E, for example. It is written like this and it takes the customer A. So the Hamza in this case comes in below the Aleph and always pronounce it as e. Sometimes the Hamza is written on top off a live, but the Castro goes below. For example, it's written like this, and the customer goes here or sometimes like this. Personally, I prefer to use this method. This is the most correct and straightforward way to read the Hamza below the Aleph. Let's example, we have the word e Man E man. The word Eamon is written like this and it means faith e Have you noticed that the Hamza, because it is below the Al if we pronounce it as e so e man e man or another example is Islam Islam which is written like this Islam. As you can see from here, the Hamza takes gusta and because it comes below the Aleph, guess number three Hamza comes with well. And in this case, the world is a seat. And always it is written like this. Let's take some examples. We have the word more men, Mortman. So more men is a believer. More men movement is a believer and we have another example, which is the world more tomorrow Mope Tomur, More summer means conference. Have you noticed that the letter receiving the world is taken dumber? And here we built this Yukun. So we say more, more Hammer Here is more men. And here, timer most men means a believer. More Tomur means conference sometimes the Hamza when it comes on the ah, well, as a seat, it is pronounced as air. For example, We have we have the word Amara. Ah, metal. Have you noticed here that the Hamza is or the Hamza? When the well takes feta more Amara So the hamza, when it comes on, the little well could be written could be pronounced with the Scoon as in movement or as in most Temer and could be pronounce it as with Fattah as in the world Amara Amara Later on, you will learn more about this case Number four when the word when the Hamza comes with the yet as a seat. If the Hamza comes with a year as a seat in this case, we don't write the two dots as regular. So if the year is here now, after we ride the Hamza yeah, will be written like this which means there is no dots underneath or below the yet Let's take an example here. The Yeah, by the way, after we add, the Hamza could be written like this or like this. And if it comes, a terminal would be written like this. So as you can see, the first case is to be written if it comes in the beginning of the world. And here, if it comes in the middle off the world and the last thing or the last way is to write it at the end off the word. So when we think some examples on this, we have the first case which is written like this. We have the word raw ID. Throw it the world rock. It means by Ania. Remember that the hamza here when the air, but because it is receded by one of the nun connecting letters, which is an AL if that's why we need to leave a space between the L F. And the hams out when they're so it means pioneer raw it sometimes. Also, it means leader. So that's four the Hamza window. Yeah, with comes initial shape when another example is that world the year years that year. Written like this, as you can see from here, the Hamza when the year comes after one of the non connected letters, which is day. That's why you need to leave a space here as well. So the year means roar or roar ing lion roaring. So our line rower, So here the E every year. Have you noticed that the Hamza one day yet here in this case also is pronounced as e. So the first case is raw e cross it and hear their E that year. That's four, the one day as if it comes as in issue. If it comes in the middle of the word, let's take some examples. If it comes in, the middle of the world should be written like this. For example, when we say the world team the world, the team means tricky, tricky. So as you can see from here that Hamza, which comes on there here, is in the middle, preceded by the lamb, followed by the long Valya here. So we should say, or we should pronounce it like e m, which means tricky. Another example is the verb Sevilla. So Ella means waas ask it. And actually this verb is in the past passive. Later on, you will learn more about verbs. So as you can see from here, the hamza when they air came in between two letters preceded by the letter seen followed by the little lamb. So, Ella, the last case we have here is that the Hamza comes at the end of the world, which means term in the shape and should be written. As we said like this, for example, we have the word headed. Had it remember, don't write the true dots writing the two dots will make it trunk. So had it means quiet or calm. So had have you noticed we pronounce it with the glow to stop sound at the end had another example. We have the world Oh, car. It means recite er or reader or the one who reads so oh, head. This is how the Hamza on the year written when it comes at the end off the work, you will learn more about the different ways off writing Hamza in different lessons during this course in Charlotte. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson 33. The supplementary letters (non-alphabetic character) la.aa.m° a.le.f° and ta.aa.â° ma.r°.bo.oo.ta.h°: Salaam alaikum. Hi, item. Ibrahim is here. We're come toe the rial Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about the supplementary letters or the non alphabetic letters or correct er's. The first letter we have here is that more Buddha, or sometimes we call it the round tack or diet that damn are. Botha is a character, and actually it is written like this small circle comes with two dots above it, which is similar to the little hair. But as you can see from here, them in difference between the little hair and the more Botha is that more Botha comes with two dots and the hair doesn't come with two dots. You should know that the term or Botha is not new letter simply because it can be formed from the open tap or from the regular Ted. Remember that the open air or the regular that we wrote it like this. So if we want to give the time our boat from the regular there simply, we do this, you just need to make it more. Curve it, as we said, and here simply make it more and more care of it. Then you take that two dots out and simply just place the two dots above this circle. So as you can see from here, the more Botha comes from the regular, you should know that the word Mar Botha means tied or closed. That's why we call that we call it more Botha because disclosed, and we take the two dots out above it. The term or Botha is pronounce it exactly as a regular tear. This is there, and also the that and also this is Ted. But the main difference between them is that the open toe comes in in a position of the word could be in the beginning, in the middle at the end of the world. And that Amar Botha comes only at the end off the word. Remember that tomorrow Botha can appear only at the end, off mounds and adjectives that more Botha cannot appear with verbs or particles. You should know that that more border is the sign off. Feminine Arabic, 99% off now owns in Arabic that ends with that. More Buddha are considered as female. For example, the word moral dilemma. The word moral dilemma is a female teacher, and as you can see from here it is written like this. So this is the Tamar Botha which comes here at the end off the world. Remember that when we write the timer Botha in the four Shapes, you will find that it comes as we agreed at the end of the world on Lee. So it assumes, or it considers the terminal shape the terminal shape of the term, or Botha is when it comes connected to a preceding letter. It takes this shape. That's why the top more Botha, in this case considered as terminal connected to preceding letter and this letter should be a connecting letter. However, if the letter that comes before the timer Botha is one off, then on connecting letters in that case, you need to leave a space between this letter and the timer Botha. So the term are Botha in this case should be written like this. So here it is, preceded by one of the non connect connecting letters as we are going to take some examples for this or on this later on. So I'm asking now can be converted into a feminine noun simply by adding that I'm are Botha at the end off this. Now, for example, if we have the word more or limb means a male teacher. If I wanted now to make this world as a female teacher, simply we add the hammer Botha at the end off this world. That's why it gives us here. Moral dilemma. The word moral dilemma is a female teacher. Similarly, for the water. Bebe Bob is a male doctor. So it is written like this. If I wanted to make it a female or if we want to convert the war Toby from male to female doctor, simply, we add the timer. But at the end. So in this case it becomes Habiba. I'll be back a female doctor. So as you can see from here simply by adding the termer Botev end off the masculine noun or adjective, it becomes a female. You should know also that the term or Botha is pronouncing as hair or etch sound, or as the little hair in Arabic when you need to stop at the end off the sentence. For example, if I wanted to say this word Dhabi EBA, as you can see from here, the pronunciation off the hair off the timer. Botha is equal or is almost same as hat. However, it can take the normal Harakat, the regular Harakat like Dumb, My Fattah and Kasra, as you'll see later on in this course so it could be pronouncing as Toby but To, or Toby Betta or Toby Betty, depending on the position off this word in the sentence. But simply, you just can't say it can say it as a hobby. But, Bobby, back as you can see, the sound off the timer. Buddha, in this case is similar to the sound off the little hat. Let's take another example if we have the work. Murder is murderess is another word off for a teacher, which means as cool teacher as you can see, this word is his mail messed one. So now if you wanted to make it a female simply, we add the timer. But at the end, So it becomes here as mood Arreaza Mood Ariza So mood. Arisa is a female school teacher. As you can see there, Tom are Botha comes here at the end of the world, preceded by the little scene, which is one of the connecting letters in some words as we mentioned that Amar Botha is preceded by one of the nine connecting letters. Let's take example about this. We have the world Schaja share genre. The word Sharjah means a tree and should be written like this share. Yeah, Have you noticed that the term or Buddha here is preceded by the little raw, which is one of the run connecting letters? That's why you need to leave a smaller space here between the raw and the Barbuda and in this case, that armor Botha takes this shape, which we call standalone shape. As you can see from here, that's for that more Botha. The next letter, which is considered as one of the supplemental letters or non alphabetic correct er's is that Lam Alif? The letter Lam Alif is actually written like this, and this letter is not new letter because actually, it could be formed from combining two letters. The first letter, Islam and the second letter is a leaf. When you combine these two letters, it gives you the lam Alif. Lam Alif, as we agreed, is not one of the 28 letters and lamb. Elif as a word, is pronounced as lab and the world HLA in Arabic means no or not. And the opposite off layer is the world Nam which means yes and should be written like this . Mom. So we have the world layer And the opposite is Nam, which means yes, As you can see here the lamb is one of the 28 letters. The Aleph is also one of the 28 letters. So when we combine these two letters together, it gives us the lam Alif. That's why we shouldn't consider the lemma life as one of the main letters in Arabic. Remember that Lam Alif could be written as we agreed. Like this or also it could be written like this and let all you will learn more about writing such little thanks for watching and let's move to the SEC through the next lesson. 34. The long vowel a.le.f° with examples: Salaam alaikum Hi from Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn the long vowel Aleph, as you have learned it earlier. The letter Aleph is one of the important letters in Arabic. And actually that's because of three reasons. The first reason is because it works as this continent or a little second reason because it works with Hamza because Hamza takes the Aleph as a seat. Reason number three because it is actually a long vote. And in this video, you are going to then all of these three cases as a continent means that the letter Aleph comes by itself as an olive combined with Hamza. Remember when we landed that the Aleph written with Hamza like this with the fed? Huh? It is pronounced as for example, when we said Ahmed, which is written like this and the verb settler Cela means asked he ask it in the past tense comes from the verb es elo in the present tense and it means to ask or to inquire. So as you can see from here, the Aleph comes with the hands on top and he also Aleph comes with him there on top. So if you look at the Harakat here, you will find that the hams, attics, fat, huh? In the first example, Ahmed and said Ella said, uh, would you means? He asked. Also, the second case is that the LF comes with Hamza, or the Hamza takes the Aleph as a seat. But in this time it takes the bomb above it. So in this case should be pronounced as do, for example, when we said the world Osama is one of the names off the line. So as you can see, this is who Osama and we have the word ozone was on and the world whose own means years. Who's on when we use the Harakat here? Simply you'll find that 00 Sam, that's why we have it here as who then do ozone Ozone. As you can see, the Hamza on top of the Aleph takes the mom. That's why always should be pronounce it as here is the comes with them 30 case with the Aleph with Hamza, you will find the times are here is below the Aleph. So third case is to have the Hamza below are underneath the Aleph like this and always it takes the Kasra. So you will find that the world or the letter Aleph with Hamza bureau. It always pronounce it as e. For example, when we say the word, Eamon, Eamon, as we said means faith, E man. So when you look at the Harakat here, you will find that Hamza here is below the Aleph. And always it takes the Kasra e man. So the This is the third case off Aleph when it comes as a continent, have you noticed here that the Aleph is just pronounce it as air, which means a short sound. The second reason, the second reason, as we said it comes with the Hamza, which we have explained really. And now the third reason is because it is a long vowed. So when we ride the Aleph as a long foul, you should expect that the sound length will be longer than in case of short vowels. For example, when we say the word Paula, all it means, he said in the past tense. And it's a verb, as you can see from here the cough followed by an Aleph. So Oh, So the Aleph here is ah, long vowed We have the world for lib, for lib means student or the person who is asking or seeking for knowledge. So oh, Lib Britain like this. So the world toe or lip has a long about Al if, as you can see after the little tour for lib also we have messa messa means Evening, Monsieur. Uh, kid shocker is the person who think the person who thank is Shaker. So the person who is saying set Thank you Then another example. We have the world's fair him for him which means understanding. So the person who is understanding is for him. As you can see, the olive here is a long vowel preceded by the little fair. Then we have the war. So I'm But I'm means food time. So the longer vote here is Aleph, preceded by I am full of boy. I mean, then we have the word hack him hacking means ruler and should be written like this. Ah, Kim Hakim ruler we have the world now now means fire now. As you can see from here, the aleph is a long vowel proceeded by the letter noon. You should know that the lengths off the Aleph as a long vowel is as twice as the short vowel Fattah, which means the length off the Aleph should be at least four seconds in the holy core, and it could go for six seconds. But in modern standard Arabic simply say it in four seconds. Another thing you should notice here. The long vowel Aleph must be preceded by a little with the short vowel Fattah. As you can see from all examples, all letters preceding the Aleph, all of them they have feta, as you can see feet. From here, you will find that the first world is all of which means, he said. Call a cough. Here takes the feta, and this is the long vowed Eliphas here, all a. Similarly, the little tour lib toilet means a student. As we said, As you can see here, this is the long Ball Aleph, preceded by tour and feta. Also the ward messa, which means evening. As you can see, the scene here is receding. The long vault Aleph. That's why the scene must take a fat, huh? Similarly, for the world share kill. As you can see, the sheen takes a fat how here, Which comes before the Longboat Aleph, the world fair. Him for him means understanding or the person who is understanding. So fair him. The fare here is taking a fat, huh? Because it is followed by the long vowel Aleph. Next word is so I am the aleph. Here is a long vowel and dying which comes before the Aleph must take fat. Huh? The ward! Hack him, Hakim! There is a long vowel here, which is Elif and her Mustika fat heart. Because of this long vote which comes immediately after the hat hacking Now I live here is a long vowed, preceded by the letter noon. That's why for the noon it's a must to have the fat high here. Now it means fire. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 35. The long vowel wa.aa.w° with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome toe there and really Arabic. In this video you will learn the long vowel. Well, the long vowel well is one of the important letters. The little well is one of the important little in Arabic and that's for three reasons. The first reason is because the letter well is a constant number two because the little well can be taken as a seat for the Hamza number three because the little well can work as a long vote. And today you're gonna learn all of these three cases and the difference between them for example, the letter well as a constant, which means it's just a normal letter. You will find that we have some examples here. The 1st 1 is Roger was your dad. The world Watada is a verb, and it means he found in the past tense. Later on, you will learn more about verbs. As you can see from here, the letter well is just a constant or a little. So it is pronounce it affected by the short vowel it has here. In this case, it has a fatter That's why we just say you were So why Jada? Wow, Jedda. He found another example. We have the word where hate. What head means one while it means a boy. Where d what do you mean, Valley? Have you noticed that the letter well, in all of these examples is just considered as a continent or a letter? All of the world's we have here The 1st 1 is watch other. The world takes the Fattah second. Well, here is where hate, which means one and also takes fat Her while it means a boy and worthy means valley. That's why we say that this well is considered as a continent or the letter second case. The well could be used as a seat off the Hamza as we have learned it earlier, for example, we have learned it. The word, the word more men. The world most men means a believer. So more men written like this and the Hamza is here on the world. So in this case, the well is a seat off the Hamza and we have the world have in vin move as in the world, more Evans is the prayer or the person who called for prayer more. Seven. We have the word more at Deb at Deb means bright or well mannered. So as you can see from here, in all cases, the Hamza takes the world as a seat. Case number three, which is as a long vault. The well also can work as a long vowel in words like, for example, when we say mostly Muna, which is written like this means Muslims mostly. Muna, by the way, is a plural word. Letter on. Also, you will learn more about floors. So here with the world Muslim Muna, have you noticed that the well here is a long vowel? Because it is preceded by me and Adam So mostly Muna. Another example. Here we have the world Yakul Ooh, which is a verb and it means, he says in the present tense Yakult Lou. Then we have the world Would Jude Jude, which means existence? Would who's you would another verb? We have the verb e a full zoo, your food you means to win or toe overcome your food, do Then we have the word. My boob boob means beloved mash boob, my boob. As you can see from here, the well in case of the first world, mostly moon or Muslim Muna means Muslims is the long vowed Have you noticed that it is preceded by me? Um and this mean must take Obama, as you will learn after white. So mostly Muna. Similarly for the verb your food, you your food you means to win or to overcome. As you can see the well. Here also is a long vote. Yeah, who knew? He says in the present tense. Then we have the world. Jude Jude means existence. Then we have the world Mahboob which means be loved here. You should notice that the length off the long vowel well is as twice as the short vowel. Dumb. At least four seconds in modern standard Arabic and in the holy core and it can go for six seconds. Another thing you should know here is that the long von well must be preceded by little with a short Valderrama. As you can see from all of these examples, the letters that preceding the well in each later in each work has a dumber As we said We here we have Muslim Mouna the well is preceded by me and I mean here must take them. Then we have the verb Yahoo's do. Then the fat here must take a dumber. Then the well. He is a long vowel. Similar fear for your cool new Yakult. The cough here takes them followed by the long ball. Well, then we have the world. Would you would you? Would you? As you can see from here, the GM takes the long vowel, the short Valdemar and then followed by a long vowel. Well, Mahboob, which means be loved. The back here must take them, followed by the long vowel. Well, Mahboob, it is important to mention he that you need to practice pronouncing the long vowel Well, because if you didn't or if you don't pronounce it correctly, that might make mistakes in meaning and my deliver the wrong message. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson. 36. The long vowel ya.aa.â° with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here, working toe there and really Arabic. If this video, you will learn the long Valya, you should know that yeah is one of the important letters in Arabic, as I said before, because it's one off the three long vowels and there are some reasons making the little year to be one of the important letters in Arabic. The first reason is because the year can be used or can be written in a word as a continent or a little. The second reason because it works with Hamza and the Hamza, it takes the air as a seat. And in this case, you need to to delete or two right there. Yet without with the two dots reason number three. Because the year is a long vote. Let's take examples to see the difference between these three cases. The first yeah, is a confident, for example, when you have it in words like the verb. Yeah, Malu the verb. Yeah, Malu means to work in the present tense. Later on, you will learn more about verbs. Yeah, Malu means he works. Yeah, who knew is another verb and it means to eat in the present tense. Yep. Cool. You yell Abu, Which means do play in the present tense. Then we have the world. Yameen, you mean means right side Yemi. And And we have the verb USC years. So you see, is just written like this. And it means easy as a noun. And if it comes as a verb, it means to walk. So here we have few examples off the letter year when it comes as a letter or as a continent. Look at the little year here, it just takes the norm of all. Which is the Fattah. So yeah, Malu. Yeah. Kohlu ul, Abu Yameen and the world. You see, if yes, a year. So if we bore the Harakat here, you will find that the year takes a fat, huh? So it's just a confident or is just a normal letter that can accept the short vows. Yeah, yeah, yeah. Malu Yeah. In the second example here is Yeah, cool. Oh, yeah. Takes fat has role yell Abu he plays you mean right side. Then we have the world. Yes, a year. Yes. Here as a noun means easy as a verb means to work later on, you will learn more about verbs. The second case, which is the year comes with, has with Hamza as a seat. And in this case, it should be written like this. So if this is our year with the two dots now, if I wanted to write it with the Hamza So in this case, we need to write it without the two dots. You have learning this already in the previous lessons. If we take some examples off the Hamza when they yeah, you will find that the word raw aid brought it as we mentioned means Petunia, and we have all aid, which means leader for it. Then we have taken some examples when the yet with Hamza comes at the end of the world like the world headed, which means corn or quite had it. And we have also the world core, which means reader or recite er, look at the here, which comes at the end of the work in court like this without the two dots. And he also without the two dots in the world headed and in the two worlds raw it which means pioneer and the world core. It it comes here after the letter L if that's why you need to leave a small space between the Aleph and the hams that when they're in this case. So that's the second importance off learning the little. Yet the next reason is because it works as a long fall. For example, when we take some words, you will find that data is printed here differently. So if they said, for example, the word Emilie Ah, mealy No, I'm Alina is a plural word off Amel, which means worker. Later on you will learn about it. We'll learn more about floors. So I am Alina means workers have a look at the year here. You will find that the year is pronounced longer than the than the year in the examples above. That's why they are here, considered as a long vowel. So you should pronounce it correctly, Emilie. Now then we have the word Yemi in. You mean means right side. As you can see, the first year here is just a confident or a letter. And the second year here is a long vote. So have you noticed the difference in the length? Yeah. Yeah. The 1st 1 is a short vowel Fattah Yameen. And the second year is a long vowel. Yeah, Also, we have the world hardy beat. Uh, Mohadi Bina is a plural work. And the singular is Mohammed, which means a fighter. Somo Hari be. That means fighters listen to the sound of their here You will find it. It's a long vowel. Yeah, Hari being a also the word mohandie Sina means engineers. It is pleura and the singular is more hand This look at their here You will find that there is a long vowed so Mohandie Xena. Another example we have here is the world Moha Zebina. Moha Sabina is a pleura. More hot. See being a which is written like this. And the singer is Maha acid, which means an accountant. So Maha Savina means accountants. So if you look at the year in these examples, you will find that in each example there is a long vowed. So here we have amalie Now I'm Alina. Andy. The word is you mean you mean and here Mohadi, Bina. And you know Han de Sena. And has he Bina all of the year in these examples considered as a long vowel, you should notice here that the length off the long Valya is as twice as the short vowel Kasra. At least it should be four seconds. According to modern standard Arabic in Al Karan, it can go for six seconds. Also, you should know that the long Valya must be preceded by a little with the short vowel Kasra . Have you noticed in all of the examples above all letters preceding the longer Valya have a customer. As you can see in the first example we have the ah um me Lena. So you will find that the lamb which is proceeding that year here, is taking the customer. So I'm Alina and he also Yemi in which means right side you'll find that the mean which proceeding there must take Casa Yummy Yameen Similarly four Mohadi Bina which means fighters. You will find that the better which it comes before the year is taking their customers. Somo Hari be not mohandie seen engineers pleura and the scene here also takes the Kasra Moha Zebina, which means accountant. As you can see here, the little better preceding that. Yeah, must take a customer. So Maha cv now it should be mentioned here that you need to pronounce the length off the long vowel correctly because if you pronounce it wrongly, that might change the meaning of the word, and that would river the wrong message. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 37. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) elongated a.le.f°: Salaam alaikum Hi from Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn more about the l A Phil Mudd one off the supplementary letters or the non alphabetic correct er's in Arabic. Elephant mad is an Aleph which composed off two parts. The first part is the Aleph and the second part is the this corrector which we call it made the so When you combine them together, it gives you LF l'm it which means in English Elongated Elif. So we can say from this that elephant Matt is not one of the mail letters in Arabic simply because Aleph is already there in Arabic. And the medal which we are using here, is just a character to indicate a long sound. A little mad can appear in the beginning of the world. For example, in the world, Asif, the word Asif means sorry and should be written like this a safe, a safe And also it can appear in the middle of the word like in the world court and which is written like this court. And so, as we mentioned, a little med has two parts. The first part is the Aleph, and the second part is the Meda. That's why the name Allah full med came from. So the Meda, which we have it here on top of the Aleph in the current, indicates an extra long vowel, and it can appear over any long vote. As you have learned earlier. The three long vows we have are the Aleph and the world and the yet. So if we arrive the metadata on Al, if it will make the olive to be pronounced as extra long vowel similarly for the wear and also for the yet and that you can see this actually in alcohol and only in modern standard Arabic we don't use this, especially with the well and with the year. However, with the AL, if you can find it in few words, like, as they said here, a safe and the world court. And that's for the Ah, a little mad or the William Gated. LF so remember to pronounce this was as ah, safe, Don't say as if it will be wrong. So here also, you remember to sit as court on, and, as you can see from here, that there is an extra long vowel with the letter at if in thes two words, Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson 38. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) dagger a.le.f°: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here working to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about the supplemental letters or the non off a bit of characters. And today we have the dagger, Aleph or LFO injury. First of all, you should know that the world injury a comes from the world changers. The world changer in Arabic means dagger or small knife and should be written like this thing gel, which means a dagger or a small knife. And it is written actually like this. The dagger Aleph is written as a short vertical stroke on top off an Arabic letter. In some words, it indicates the long vowel Aleph, where the Aleph is normally. Note written. For example, when you write the word rock man, which is written like this and you just write the dagger Aleph on top of the letter Mem supposed that there is an alley for a long vowed Aleph comes after the letter mean so in the original way off, writing the word Rotman, we write it like this. The world rockman means merciful. So here, Rotman. As you can see from here, we have replaced the original Elliff with the dagger elliff. And now we consider writing this world like this version. So Rahman, similarly another example we have the world have Ah, the word have a means this as you can see from here there is a dagger. Aleph comes after the hair or on top of the little hair and in indicates long vowel. LF so this world should be pronounce it as have it is wrong to say it as heaven. So if we write the original form off this world, it would be written like this. Have Ah, but for now, we don't write the Aleph after their anymore. Simply we write this dagger Aleph. You should know that the dagger Aleph appears in a few words and it is seldom written, even in fully vocalized texts accepting the Holy Corrine to avoid drunk pronunciation. So you might see these words like this man. And the second word is have ah without the dagger lift. But you keep in mind that there is a long about life after the game in the first case. And there is a long about Elif after the hair in the second example. So this board should be pronounced Rahman. This one should be pronounced, as have so how to write the dagger relief. The dagger Aleph has two ways or different ways off writing. If it's in the first, the 1st 1 is in the Middle East or Arab countries. We write the dagger Aleph on job offer feta, for example. If I ride the world Rahman, I would write the fat half first on the MIM. Then I write the dagger Aleph on top of the Fattah. Similarly, for Have ah, you would read the fat high here and the Duggar Aleph like this on toe both the feta, the second method or way off writing the dagger Aleph is in South Isha, like in Pakistan and India. You will find that the dagger Aleph is written immediately on top of the letter with the with the Fattah. So if I write, Rahman should be written like this and have ah should be let in like this. So this These are the two different ways off writing the digger Aleph. The 1st 1 is in the Middle East and Arab countries. The 2nd 1 is in Pakistan and India. Let's write some examples off words written with the dagger Aleph or the common words you will find. For example, the world of law, which is a lot, is the panel with allies and should be written like this. And according to the second method, off writing should be written like this. This is South Asia version and this is the Middle East and up countries version. Similarly for the rest off the examples we have heavy he which means this for a female letter on you will learn more about this. And this is the second method we have also Velicka, which means that for four objects, they're Leica. Here we write the fat, huh? We read the dagger olive directly after the Val. And the second version is to write it like this. Who is a feta? Velicka. We have the world, Ella. And here Ella means God. We have the world lakin, which means but as you can see could be a little like this. Or simply you can write it like this lurking. You might need to know that the fat hot under the in the second case here could be written on the letter itself. Like here on the lamp or after the them immediately. As in this example we have the world. Mullah Ika Mullah Gecamines votes for Flora mail So Ola Ika should be written like this. So in this case, the dagger LF comes here could be written in the another Virgin is Hula Ika like this Also we have the world. How ola Uh oh Lula should be little like this means these four near objects. And here we read the dagger I lift like this. And if you write it in the second version, which is her cooler later on, you will learn more about this. And as you can see, the Duggar Aleph is written like this way. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 39. The supplementary letter (non-alphabetic character) shortened a.le.f°: Salaam alaikum. Haytham Ibrahim is here. Welcome to then really Arabic. In this video, you will learn more about with the supplemental letters or the non alphabetic characters. And today we will learn the short, the shortened Aleph, Aleph. Ooh, al Mach four At a level. Mark Sura is another form off the final Elif and should be written like this way, but without with the two dots. So it's similar to the letter. Yeah, and districting. Always without with the two dots and truth be pronounce it as that letter Aleph. So the if Max Shura is used in the world when the regular Aleph cannot be used at the end off the world I live mature A has the same sound off a regular Al. If both of them are pronounced as ah so the Aleph Mastura is equal to the LF when it comes at the end of the world, pulls off them are pronouncing as ah you should know that Al, if Max Shura is strictly used at the end of the world and never at the beginning or in the middle of the world. Also, the Aleph mature A is commonly used for proper announce For example, when you say the name Layla and threaten like this Laila more Britain also like this e za, as you can see in all these examples, the if Max aura always written at the end of the world. Remember that the Aleph mature A is used also in some verbs, especially in the past tense and the present tense. For example, when it comes in the past ins, we have the verb general and little like this. Jarrar comes from the verbiage surgery, which means he runs so here means he ran in the past tense and here we have also the verb Ishtar all estara means he boat comes from the verb yesterday in the present tense which means toe by or he buys As you can see, the Aleph Max Shura is written at the end off the verb in the past tense. Another example for the past ins is the Verba had ah, the verb header means to guide. So he guided. As you can see, the Aleph mature a comes here at the end of the world had ah also it comes with the present tense. For example, when you say the verb piensa Iansa means to forget Young's. Ah, As you can see, the Aleph mature here also is at the end of the world another example. We have the verb Jarawa. Yeah, Why means to love or to like. So that's the meaning off these two verbs in the present tense. Remember that we will learn more about verbs later on in this course. So to recap again, you should know that the Left Max Shura is a year written without the two dots. And we have a small dagger aleph above it. Always it is equal to the Aleph when it comes at the end of the world, and we have some examples in proper. Now is like when you say, for example, the word Moussa or Laila Moussa Laila He's ah, also the Aleph Max sure can't come with the verbs in the past tense like the verbiage Ara, which means Iran had a he guided estara he bought. If Max Laura also comes with the verb in the present tense, like when you say the verb Iansa, which means to forget, Yeah, wow, which means he loves or he likes. Thanks for watching. And let's move to the next lesson 40. Introducing definite and indefinite in Arabic : Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome toe there and really Arabic. In this video you will learn the definite and indefinite in Arabic. Al Marri for one neck. Yah, You should know that the world in Acura means indefinite and the world marry for means definite. Let's write again. The world marry for written like this and it means definite now and knack era written like this. And it means indefinite now, another meaning off the water, Marry for means well known and another meaning off the word. Now Acura is unknown. Before we go through the details off the neck you're on the marry for Let's remind you off the English to articles there and end. And then you should know that English has two articles. The 1st 1 is there, and the 2nd 1 is or an that is used to refer to a specific. Now, however A or an is used to refer to a non specific or non particular. Now, for example, when you say a at Penn means any pen and when you say that pen means specific pen particulary pen and I think we have the same way. So for ah definite and indefinite in Arabic. We have this chart it isn't can be categorized into new Acura and marry for the new Acura is simply to have the now on without Laflamme the particle or the article Alif, lam and the marry. For we have few types. The 1st 1 is to have an Alif lam in the beginning off the now. That's why we say more are rough. Bl on more off bl means the now and that comes with Alif Lam. Then we have another type off Marie, for which is a small Ishara smiled. Ishara means demonstrative pronounce, then a smart Oh Falmouth Shula, Alice, Malmo Solar means relative pronouns out drama it, which means pronounce and we have a lot Alum or Ismael Alem means proper now, and the last one we have here is al Murad billet offer, and more have been. It often means generative construction or it off a construction. The first type is the one which were going toe learn today and the rest will be covered later on in this course. So Omar of BL, which is the first type off marry for means that the now one has an Aleph lamb in the beginning. So, for example, if we have the word mohandes, which means an engineer and sitting like this Morahan this so it means any engineer. If I want now to make it marry for simply we add the A Laflamme in the beginning. So it becomes Elmo Han This And in this case, it means the engineer. So here we have Mohandes and El Mohandes. This one is general. This one is a specific or particular one. Similarly, if we take the world, I am ill. The world I'm ill means worker If I want to make it Ah, marry for simply As you said, we add the aflame in the beginning. So it becomes a lem ill. Which means the worker specific worker. So here I am in means any worker. But Allah mill means the worker or the worker specific one. Another example. We have the world. Moha sib, The world the mo has It means an accountant, any accountant, and here, if they want to make it mad. If I simply we say l Moha Sib Elmo Haas, it means the accountant specific one. So here, Moha Seb General, accounted. Any one who works for who can work as an accountant and a limo has it means a specific one . We have also this four adjectives. For example, when you say Cabbie Year, which means big if you add the A Laflamme, it becomes a leave cabbie years. Al Kabeer means the big one. So Kabeer B is big and Al Kabeer means the big one. Also, we have this four objects. So, for example, when you say column column means a pen, any pen. And now, if I added the Aleph lamb to make it marry for simply, we say AL column so Alcala means the pen specific pen. So column AL column similarly, for the World Key tab, a book, any book. So here, If I wanted to make it more specific simply, we add the Alif lam in the beginning. So it becomes here. L Key tab, which means that book so that definite and indefinite in Arabic are diluted by in Acura for indefinite and marry for for definite announce and as we said, that definite announce have or marry for have many types, the 1st 1 is to add the aflame in the beginning, and the 2nd 1 here is a small Ishara, which means demonstrative pronounce then l Ismail Mouse Ola relative pronouns and pronouns and proper announce. Then the last one we have here is the offer construction or on my bill, it offer. We have covered already the 1st 1 and the rest will be cover soon. In the following listens. Thanks for watching and let's move through the next lesson. 41. Introducing ta.n°.we.ee.n° : Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video, you will be introduced to 10 Win at 10 win. You should know that the World 10 win is Dr from the letter noon as follows. It's right, the worked and win. Then we in and now lets a drop that there from the beginning of the world and the year after the little well, then let's write the rest. You will find that the world is noon and known indicates or the world noon indicates the little known in Arabic. So as you can see from here, 10 win is drived from the letter noon. Why? Because then win is to use the strong sound off the letter noon added to the end off the noun and certain conditions. Usually it works just like a or an in English, indicating the indefinite article. You should know also that 10 win is indicated by doubling the short vowels, parakeet, Cassia Fattah, drama and castle at the end off the now, for example, when we say that we have a short vowel fat huh and it is indicated by just one stroke or diagonal stroke written always above the letter simply if we want it now to make it and win , it becomes double fat, huh? On top of the letter at the end of the now And in this case, we call it, then win, huh? Then win Fed huh? Similarly for the dumber. If we write the Dhamma like this on top of the letter then if we wanted now to use the double Doma simply you can just write double dumb I like this or in some cases it could be written also like this and like this. So we have three ways to indicate the that. Then we in Bama, as you can see from here and it is written in Arabic s then we in bum. Then we in them is to use the double dumb at the end off the now the last one Is that Unwin Kasra, remember, we have the Kasra written below the letter. Then if we want now to use the double Kasra like this and in this case it is then wean. Then win Kasra Britain like this. Then win, Gus, It'll you should know that 10 win comes or appear at the end off the now in only never appear in the beginning or in the middle of the world. So it comes only at the end off the now Another thing You should know that then we in comes with indefinite now wins only comes with no Acura only So if the now is marry for comes with Alif Lam in the beginning As you have learned it earlier in this case it cannot take 10 win. However, if you drop the Alif lam from the marry for it gives you that and we'd all you can use that anyone in this case also 10 win never comes with verbs or particles. It is important to confirm here that can win is a strong sound off the letter noon at the end of the now but the letter noon never written. You should know also that in the earlier time off writing Arabic stripped people used to write that and win as a letter noon at the end of the now. But Arabic grammarians decided long time ago to indicate that and win by doubling the short vowel to avoid confusion. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next Listen 42. ta.n°.we.ee.n° fa.t°.ha.h° with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this video you will learn. Then we in fact her poor. Sometimes we call it. Then we in al fat than win, as I have mentioned earlier. A noun in Arabic has three different case endings, depending on its position in the sentence. And we have three case endings for knowns. The first case is the accuse. It'd case, for example, when you have a noun like the word column, which means a pen column. If the opposition off the word in the sentence is acquisitive, case means that you need to boot off at her on the little mean column. That's what we call it acquisitive case, or how that must be the next cases that nominative case. And if there were, the column comes in the sentence as a nominative case means that the name off the word column is going to take them. So you say Here column. Similarly, for the 30 case, which is the genetic case, you have the same word column, and it takes customer here, and in this case it is denoted by generative case or jalape surgery. So we have three case and is for now in the first case is Hal. It'll must be which we call it or which is denoted by the accused native case. The second case is which means the nominative case or had a little rough. The third case is calling me, which is the generative case or how little jewelry. You will learn these cases in the days later on in this course so back again to that. And we in fact, if you remember we said then we in fact have means to use the double Fattah at the end of the now and remember that then wind is only a strong noon at the end of the now and not written known. So one of the common mistakes is to write the known off the 10 win. So the known off the 10 win is never written. Let's take some examples. We have the world the mohandes behind this means an engineer. And as you know, this word is no Acura, since it doesn't have the ah Laflamme. So when we write it, man this Now if I want to do stand win Fattah with this word simply, I'm going to add the 10 win or the double that had the end. So the world becomes more on this and more on this. And so, as you can see from here, we have added an elliff at the end off the noun when it takes than win. Fattah, remember that Nguyen Fattah means that the word is in the acquisitive case. So, moron, descent So with And we in fact have always we add an Aleph. However, there are few cases that you don't need to need to add the Al if at the end, as you will learn letter on. So let's take another example, we have the world Mahlum, which means a teacher. So if I write it more limb with fat had the end, which means acquisitive case. In this case, I'm going to say Ma Lima if I wanted to add that and wind fat her here so it becomes more Lehman. Have you noticed how I pronounce the Kenwyne More Limon? Don't say more, Lehman. That's wrong. You should pronounce the sound of the little noon strong known at the end off the now. So we say here more Lehman, which means a teacher. If It's for an object, Let's say the water column. So if I have the world column in the acquisitive case with fat, huh, lost and we in fact her here, which means I'm going toe to add it and win at the end of the now. So simply it gives us column and which means a pen. Say it again. COLUMN Men don't say column, and that's wrong. So column and which means a pen key tab. The World key tab tab means a book. So simply if I wanted now to add that and win Fattah at the the end of the world key tap So we consider this as accuse it'd case and it becomes Kate Ah, Ben, which is written like this kita and like this way. So that's for that. And we, in fact how with the words key tab, Remember that Nguyen Fattah, the word of a position is accuse it'd case similar or same as the word Katumba, which into is fat has well, if we have the world, Toby Bob means a doctor. And here, if we want to use that and win fat, how is the world Habiba written like this don't be that? No Ed that and we've had had the end. So it becomes here. Will be Ben. Oh, will be Ben. So that means that he comes here on the little bet. So, Toby Ben, which means a doctor. So the sound off the letter or the sound off that and win always takes a strong noon at the end. Remember that the noon is never written, So I would say the words again. Here. Bobby Ben Keat. Ah, Ben All a man more Lehman Mohandie san Like this way. As they said, Western win fat How you need to add an elliff at the end off denounce However, there are some special cases that you don't need to add the olive at the end off the now with Unwin Fattah, you will learn more about this the's special cases in the following videos as I mentioned also that the now and that Enzo is fat. Her order, Nguyen Fattah is in the Accusation Sieve case which we call it in Arabic or diluted by high little must be. You will learn more about this case endings later on in this course. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson 43. ta.n°.we.ee.n° da.mma.h° with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tim Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn really Arabic. In this short video you will learn then we in bum or then we need them as I have mentioned earlier. Now ones in Arabic have three different case endings, depending on the position off the word in the sentence The 1st 1 is the accuse it of case which we called it high little must be 2nd 1 is the nominative case which is a little rough free. The 3rd 1 is the generative case, which is Hal. It'll generally remember that you will learn all of these details later in this course. First of all, you should know that Nguyen DOMA is the use or is to use the double drama at the end off the now and it could be written in three different ways. The first way is to write the double demonstrate forward like this, which is equal to the second way is to write it like this. And the third way is here. So these three ways are usedto right. That and window my at the end off the now. So if I have the little scene, for example, with the llama And now I want to make it with then window Mama simply We write it like this and we can use the llama. This is the first case or the second or the 30 case. So here the most important thing is to learn how to differentiate between the bomber and the double bummer in pronunciation. This one, as you have learnt it earlier, is sue. And this is the new one which it comes here with an Wyndham and should be pronounced as soon. So if we represented a little scene with Dhamma with their school means that soon is going to be represented by this old double n As you can see from here the sound off, then win or that and win is the sound off the litter noon at the end of the world. Remember that this scene should be in the hour at the end of the world because then we incomes only at the end off the world. Let's take some examples. We have that word Mohandes. Remember the world Mohandas means an engineer and we write it more on this. So now if I wanted to use toe and win Doma simply, we say more on this on more on this on. So as you can see from here, Dodoma is on the scene. So Mohandie Soup. But here is more on this on Mahan. This on. As you can see from this example, this is how to use it and we in drama at the end of the now. Another example is the world more limb while limb is a teacher and when we use that, then we in drama at the end of the world more limb it becomes more Limone, More Limone. Let's use the Harakat here. So here, if we say more limo here becomes Ma Limon more Limon. Another example is the word Hakim hockey team the world Hakim is or it means a wise man. So hockey in written like this. And now when I was done with Obama simply, we say hockey mourn, hacky mourn. So let's use the market here. Hockey move becomes hockey. Mourn, hacky, mourn. Don't say hockey moon, it will be wrong. So you need to pronounce the Wyndham at a strong noon at the end off the now another example, we have the word, um alone or I am ill, which is written first. Like this means a worker. And now, when used it and Wyndham at the end, it becomes a Malone. Um alone should be written like this it seems the Harkat here, so simply a milu and here becomes a me alone a me alone. You should know that in Windham is a straightforward which means it doesn't need to add an Aleph as we did with that and win feta. Which means then Windham on Wyndham A has no special cases. Remember that Western wind fat, huh? We need to add an Al if at the end. However in the window Ma, you don't need to add an alley. Another thing you should know here that the now and that ends with Dhamma. Ortho Nguyen Drama should be in the nominative case. So these words a milu and I am alone when they appear in a sentence, you should consider them in the accuse. It of case in the nominative case which is hala toe are rough e as you can see from here. So this is the case off then. Win drama and dumb The nominative case. Remember that that high and and we in fact huh? Considered as accused native case, which we could hala toe a nose, be Kasra and then win. Kasse will be in the generative case, as we said, and we are going to explain this in the next video. Thanks for watching and let's move through the next lesson. 44. ta.n°.we.ee.n° ka.s°.ra.h° with examples: Salaam alaikum Hi from Ibrahim is here. Welcome to learn real Arabic. In this short video you will learn and win Kasra, then wean Gasela. Or then we knew Lucas just to remind you. Remember that we have said that now in case ending or three. The 1st 1 is the accusation case which we called it, How little must be The second is the nominative case, which is Hal. It'll roughly the 3rd 1 is the generative case which is Hala to Al jewelry. Remember that the first case we have mentioned already in the previous Listen, which is Hal? It'll must be or the accuse it of case when the now and ends with the Fattah. Or then we in fact huh? The second case, which is how little rough free is when the now ends with Obama or than win dumb. And now that generative case is the case where the noun ends with Kasra or than win Cassa. Remember that Then we in is a strong sound Off the letter noon at the end off the now and the noon letter is never written. So if I have the little scene with the castle and we want to use that and win Kasra. It becomes sin. So if we represented a scene with the castle as S e So simply the scene with the win Castle is sin e double in so see sin Sin. Remember that in this case the seeing must be at the end of the world. So if we rewrite it again, should take the terminal shape like this Sin sin You can do the same with the rest off the 28 letters. Let's take some examples. We have the same example we have taken Elder which is the word more on this, which means an engineer. And if you used uh castle here becomes Mohandie C and if used and we and Castro, it becomes more on this in more on this in Have you noticed that the known is strongly pronounce it at the end off the world Mohandie sin Similarly, for the world, Habib Habib is a doctor Main doctor, actually. And here, when it comes with a Kasra, is Bobby B. And if it is with Unwin Kasra Bobby, been Bobby been the word Leben or lab, which is a little like this lie beans player and if it comes with Castle A at the end, it's things. Pronounce it as Larry Be. And now, after we add it and win, Cassatt becomes less. I been I been the word. Call a me Call me with a customer. Here is Paula Men pen. So call a men a pen. The word him our means a donkey. And when it comes with Custer at the end. So we say, Hey, Marie, like this and Western Win Castle are simply we say, Hey, Marin. Hey, Marin. Which means a donkey. We have the world Hakim. Hakim means Weissman. And here, when it comes with Castro, we say Hakimi. Now when we use that and we in Custer at the end, it becomes hockey men, hacky men, as you can see from here. So Hakimi here, hockey men, hockey men. You should know that Then win. Kasra is also straightforward. Same as then we in drama, which means you don't need to add an Al if at the end, off the now and when we add or when we use that and win Kasra, remember that the case where we add the L if at the end of the now is that and we in fact have. So then we in Kasra has no special cases. Remember that the now in that interest and win custody or ends with a Kasra should be in the generative case which have been Hallett will generally. And as we said, you will learn all of these details later in this course. So let's recap again. Remember that we said that then we in Kasra means that using or yet you are going to use the double Kasra at the end off there. Now remember that then we in is never appear in the beginning or in the middle of the word . And we said that non case ending our three The 1st 1 is Hal. It'll must be, which is the acquisitive case. 2nd 1 is the Halat rough free nominative case, and the last one is had little general re generative case. Remember that the letter when it comes with Kasra as a short vowed or Harakah Al Sierra like seeing, for example, is pronounced as C. But when it comes with that and win Custer at the end off there now, in this case, it is pronounced as sin with a strong sound off the little noon. We have taken some examples. The 1st 1 is mohandie See, which means an engineer, and now it becomes a mohandes. In Bobby, B means that a male doctor and in this case with then we in custody and it becomes it'll be been Leiby means player. And when it comes Western wind Kasra, it becomes a lot. You've been Ptolemy, which means a pen, and here, when we use that and win casserole, it becomes a quality. Men him out or Hemery with the castle at the end, it becomes it means Dunkley. And when we use that and win, Castro here becomes a Marin Hakim or hockey me with the Castro here. When we use that and we in custody at the end, it becomes a hacky men, which means wise. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 45. ta.n°.we.ee.n° special cases with examples: Salaam alaikum Hi from Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. And this video You will learn that and we in special cases and common mistakes, as I have mentioned earlier with then we in fact huh? You need to add an Al if at the end, off the now. And for that. And we in Dumb and Castro, you don't need to add any Ellis. So we are going now to talk about that. And we in fact, have special cases. As you can see from here, we have some important facts about 10 win. First of all, you should know that then we never comes with verbs or particles. Then win comes only at the end off the now and also tell women cannot come with definite noun with Marie for so then win comes only with Neca As we have learned it earlier. We have three types often Win the 1st 1 10 win Fat huh? Second want and we in drama. 3rd 1 is done. Win Castle can win is to use the strong sound off the letter noon at the end of the now You shouldn't try the noon as a little. So if for Tell Wyndham and then win Castrati Don't have any special cases, however, with Stan Win Fat, huh? We need to add an l if at the end of the noun. So if we if you remember, we have taken these examples We said the world Solomon here, you need to add an Al if at the end of the world column, because of the 10 win Fattah Kita Ban, which means a book, as you can see from here that then we in fact, how is on the little bear Mac turban, which means a desk Mac turban like this more on this and and engineer like this. So, as you can see from these examples than we, in fact, huh needs to add an Al if at the end, off the known, however, we have two special cases, you don't need to add the olive off that and we, in fact have. And if you added the olive, it will be spelling mistake. Let's take special case number one Special case number one is if the now and ends with Hamza. If the noun ends with Hamza in this case, you should look at the letter which comes before the Hamza or preceding the Hamza. If it is an AL, if in this case you shouldn't, you shouldn't add Aleph off. Then win Fattah. If it is not an AL, if you still need toe, add the lift off that and win Fattah. Let's take some example to see how it works. As I said, if the noun ends with Hamza, for example, we have the world summer, the world summer means sky. And now if I wanted to use the can win fat how with this word, I'm going to say some, uh um like this. Do I need to add an Al if No. So in this case, this is not applicable. Why? Because there is an Aleph, which you comes here preceding the Hamza. So the correct way to write this word is just to say some, uh and like this, and just at the windfall on them directly, because there is an L. F preceding the hamza. Another example. We have the word Matt and Matt, which means water. So Matt is written like this. And now if I wanted to use that, I knew in fact assembly at the Nguyen on the Hamza without adding the Aleph off. Then we in fact. So if you're right, if you write it like this man and this is wrong simply because there is an Aleph here which comes before the hamza. So you don't need to add an l f off that and we in fact have another example. We have the world Messa and the Ward Massa and Means Evening Messa and evening. So here if I wanted to use the 10 win fat huh? Simply about it here on the Hamza and you don't need to add the Aleph after the Hamza. Why? Because there is an Aleph here comes before the Hamza. So here we just Samos and without adding the Aleph off that and we in fact have. And now let's see if the letter comes before or proceeding. The Hamza is just a normal letter or a continent. For example. When we have the word use the world Jews means part or partition and should be written like this juice. So now if I wanted to add the knowing Fattah in this case, look at the lost letter which is Hamza. But before you add LF look at the little preceding the Hamza you will find it is a which is not. LF in this case, we still need to add the Aleph off, then we in fact have. So if I wanted now to use that and win Fattah here, I would write it like this and I still need to add the Aleph after the Hamza. So simply write it again like this juice and and it means part or partition. So, as you can see from here, as long as the letter comes before or preceding, the Hamza is a normal continent and is not left. In this case. You just add the Aleph off the 10 win feta. Here is the example we have case number two, which is considered as a special case off. Then we, in fact, huh if the noun is singular, female or feminine, which means it ends with that more Botha. If it ends with step more Buddha, you shouldn't add the olive off, then win for normal simply because the Tamar Botha is the last letter in the word and you cannot add an LF after the timer border, for example, when we say the world Madara satin madrassa means cool. And this word is Femina little like this. So if I wanted to add that and we in fact had to this work at the end, Of course, in this case, I have to add it here. And you don't need to add an a live here anymore simply because that Atmar Botha here is the last letter in the world. And remember that more Botha never comes in the beginning or in the middle of the world. So if I write this according to the general rule off, then we in fact I would write it like this Mad Rossa then like this. And in this case, it will be wrong. Why? Because you have changed the structure off the word, the word it is feminine. And the sign off feminine here is that a more Botha which comes at the end. And since you have changed Itamar Botha into a normal tear or a regular there after reading that and win that, huh? In this case, you have changed the structure of the world and it becomes wrong. So the correct one is to write it just with that and win on top of the more Botha direct like so mad Russet And similarly for another example, we have, we have the world morale. Emma Mollema is a female teacher and we write it like this more Lima. And if I wanted to use the 10 win, Fat has simply just added here. So it becomes more limit and more or limit and and also for Toby. But then, which means a female doctor, Toby, but and should be that in like this. And he is the one win. But how directly owned that without the Aleph off? Then, Winfrey, as we said, another common mistake. So we have some common mistakes. With that and win, you should know that one off the common mistakes is to write the letter noon off the 10 win at the end. Off the noun, for example, I have seen many people writing the word kita bone like this. So get a bone originally should be written Western Wind Umma as you learning guitar born. So they write it like this Kita Boone. And as I said, there is no noon off that and win, so we shouldn't write the noon as a letter. We just say it as a sound at the end off that now. So simply both the double dumb. Only without writing the noon as a letter. So this word considered as wrong. This is the correct one. Similarly fourth and we, in fact how if we have the world more lemon or lemon means a teacher more Lehman. As you can see, that and win here comes on top of the medium and the because it is 10 win fat, How we need to add the Aleph as we agreed earlier. So I've seen many people writing more lemon like this. As you can see from here, they have added the noon off the 10 we here, which is wrong. That's why this is the wrong way off writing that and we in fact how this is the correct one. Another example Western We Kasra. You will find that they write some people, right? The world sorely been, for example, for leaving which means a student or seeker off knowledge Hali bin which comes with Unwin Kasra They write it like this Dolly Been so Of course this is wrong. So here strong. This is the correct one Here. You We shouldn't at this noon because the noon of the 10 win is no Triton, also with some feminine words. Like, for example, when you say the word, The moral dilemma. Moral dilemma is a female feature, and it is written with that more Botha like this Ma Lima. So now if I wanted to use 10 Wyndham A. For example simply we say more lame, atone like this. The wrong way is to write it more Lima tone. That's what I've seen so more Leymah tone. As you can see from here, the Newman which comes at the end of this world, is wrong. Why? Because that and win is a sound off the little noon at the end off the mountain. So we shouldn't try the letter noon as a letter here. The correct one is, you say Moalim atoned. This one is totally wrong. Also, I have seen many people pronouncing that and when wrongly, for example, the war Decatur Bone. As you can see the word Akita born, it has it and win drama at the end, which means a book, Kita Boone. So when we read that and win here, it born like this, I have here many people saying Kit ABoone Baboon. And if you write it according to this kind off sensation, it becomes like this kit a boon. Kita Boone is wrong. There is no word in Arabic is as Takita Boone as you can see Here we have elongated the sound off well or the sound off dumber so that it is written as well. So in this case, this one or this part is wrong, Toby written in the world. So here we can say this one is wrong. This is the correct pronunciation. Baboon. Kita Boone. Also the world tall, even toilet. Ben is a student and written like this poorly, Ben, The wrong way I've seen is to write it like Tor. Liban. Paulie Ban. Which is totally wrong. As you can see from here, the Elif Noone has been added here in wrong pronunciation. So here you just say totally Ben. And here, Tali Ban, which is the wrong way. So this is the correct and this one is wrong. Another thing also, I've seen some people, especially in the beginning liver are pronouncing or adding that and we into the marry for words or to the definite mountains. For example, you might find someone writing or saying the word Allah wallah, Don't Allah wallah don't is wrong totally to use that and win here. Why? Because we have a problem here. So if you have an l A flame in the noun, the noun becomes marry for becomes definite. And in this case, 10 win cannot be used by anyway. So here the correct way is to say Allah wallah do so. If I rewrite again, I would say, Well, I do. As you can see from here you are allowed to use the short vowels fat, how Dhamma or Castlereagh depends on the position off the word in the sentence. But you are not allowed to use that and win at all. So you can. You shouldn't choose a well A than you shouldn't say Awaluddin, as you can see from here because of their Alif lam. So this one is correct. This one is wrong. Apply the same with Unwin feta. So if you say a weather, then well, and then like this, that's wrong. The correct way is to say a while a There also l well, uddin the throng. But you say you can say, Well, a D the boy depends on the position off the word in the sentence. As you can see from here, there is a Laflamme. So in this case, the l. F or that, and win that way. In fact, I shouldn't be added that and win Custer also shouldn't be added. And then we in Dhamma as I mentioned. So all of these words a well adorn a well, a then Awaluddin are wrong. The correct are a well, a do a well, a the el Well, Eddie, thanks for watching and it's moved to the next lesson. 46. The so.ko.oo.n° with examples: a Salaam alaikum. Hi, Sam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this video you will learn the coun one off the supplementary. Their critics remember that so far we have learning that we have three types off Harakat in Arabic. The 1st 1 is Harrogate Cassia, which we call it Short vowels. And they are three. The 1st 1 Fattah, then llama and the castle and the long vowels Harrogate, Coahuila are three letters. The 1st 1 is the little Aleph. Well, and yet all of the three, all of the two types of short and long vows We have covered them already in the previous lessons. And now is the time to learn the supplementary deck critics. The 1st 1 here is the soon then we will move later on to the shed. Let's explain the raccoon. You should know that that word Su kun, is drived from the verb second in the past tense or yes, Koonu in the present tense. So it is second up. And in the present tense is yes school. The verb second means to pose for a while or to be static. That's why the world's kun means to pose for a while. As you see as you can see from here, the name off the world, Su kun, indicates the absence off the vowels out. You should know that cocoon is represented by a small circle shaped to be written always above a little. So if the letter is here, the Sycuan will be on top of it like this. As I said so called indicated that the letter to which it is written is not followed by any vowels. Another thing you need to learn is that so kun doesn't represent silent sound in Arabic. What you need to do is to pose for a while when you pronounce a letter with the Schoon. Let's take some examples to see how to pronounce the cocoon when it is in a word. The first example we have here is the world collarbone. Caliban means ah hard. So we write it like this. Call it born if we put the haircut here so simply we say call you born. As you can see, the little lamb is the letter which comes with the Scoon. As you can see from here, we pose for a while When pronouncing the letter lam Carly born Farley born so called born means hard. Another example is the world sub Brune sub Brune Subroutine is written like this And if we would the Harakat sub run As you can see from here, the little bear takes the Asa Coon. That's why when you pronounce this word, you should pose for a while on the little bear so he will say it again. Sub run sub run Subra means patients patients. Then we have another example the word more men or men on if you want to use that and win with them at the end. So simply it is really like this More may known. If we use the Harakat here, you will find that more may none so more men own. As you can see from here, the well, which is a seat off the Hamza is taking the Schoon. That's why we have bossed for white here. So men on men on if you say it faster simply you say most men on and and the world more men on means a believer. We have another example. The word more seen on more seen on When we use the Harakat here you say must see none must seen on the were the most cinnamon means almost give her so much sin on As you can see, the little hair here is the little that takes the school. So you need to pose on the hat when you say the world mush cinnamon You should know also that Su Kun is important to learn and it is actually the sign or a sign off syntax in many cases in Arabic, especially with verbs, when it comes with the verb in the present tense, it makes this verb Toby in the juice if mood which we call it or which is denoted by the word Masoum in Arabic, Of course, Later on, you will learn more about with verbs and modes off verbs. Another thing also about Schoon so kun was in Arabic is used to represent Death Song. For example, when you have a fat half followed by the little year with a su kun, it indicates i e sound I. So let's say that we have the the yet it has a scone here and full of by fat, huh? Or a letter with preceded by a little with fat heart in this case, we pronounce it as e E. And this is the different sound in Arabic. Similarly, if it is for a while, if the little well is preceded by a letter carrying fat hat and the little while taking the soon in this case, we pronounce it as our later on, you will learn more about death tongue in Arabic. Thanks for watching and let's move to the next lesson. 47. Learn the popular rule about so.ko.oo.n° “Use so.ko.oo.n° to be in safe” with examples: Salaam alaikum. Hi, Tam Ibrahim is here. Welcome to the real Arabic. In this video, we will continue learning about so coun one of the supplementary die critics. Today we have one important rule and this rule is second. Tess Lem. This is a famous rule. Could be used to use the so kun Toby in safe from making grammatical mistakes. So this rule literally means you, Su kun, to be in safe from making mistakes as you have learned it earlier. About what? The word case ending for now ones. We have three case endings. The first case is Hal. It'll must be or the accuse it of case. The 2nd 1 is the high little referee. The nominative case and the last one had It will generally imaginative case. Let me give you some examples to see how this rule works. If we said the word column, this work means a pen. It could be written in three different cases, depending on its position in the sentence. So if I say, for example, Kalama, which is a little like this for column and Western Winford, huh? That means that any of these two words is in the acquisitive case holla to and must be, and for you as a beginner. If you don't know the position off the word in the sentence, simply you can say column with the Schoon on the Me. So that's the meaning off that rule. Second test LEM. So the three case ending, or the 1st 1 we have here is the accusati