American Sign Language Level 1 | Intellezy Trainers | Skillshare

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American Sign Language Level 1

teacher avatar Intellezy Trainers, Learning Simplified

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

25 Lessons (2h 26m)
    • 1. Trailer

    • 2. Introduction

    • 3. The Golden Age of Deaf Education

    • 4. The Age of Oralism

    • 5. Letters A-J

    • 6. Letters K-Z

    • 7. Numbers 1-20

    • 8. Numbers 30-99

    • 9. Numbers 21-29

    • 10. Colors

    • 11. Sentence Practice - Colors

    • 12. Animals - Part 1

    • 13. Animals - Part 2

    • 14. Sentence Practice - Animals

    • 15. Family

    • 16. Sentence Practice-Family

    • 17. Food and Drink - Part 1

    • 18. Food and Drink - Part 2

    • 19. Sentence Practice - Food and Drink

    • 20. Your First Story

    • 21. Verbs - Part 1

    • 22. Verbs - Part 2

    • 23. Emotions

    • 24. Your Second Story

    • 25. Conclusion

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About This Class

This course is designed to give students a language foundation in ASL. The course will include: the origins of the language; the alphabet and fingerspelling; colors; animals; foods and drinks; family signs; feelings; professions; verbs and key nouns. Students have materials to use for practicing vocabulary and sentences. At the end of the course, students will be able to demonstrate a short story in ASL with clarity

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Intellezy Trainers

Learning Simplified


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2. Introduction: - Hello. - My name is Mandy Martin, - and I'll be your teacher for American Sign language Level one. - The curriculum that you're about to use is one that I designed and wrote. - I hope you find it rewarding and enjoyable. - Let's begin. 3. The Golden Age of Deaf Education: - in the early 18 hundreds. - In America, - there were no schools for the deaf. - Ah, - young man named Thomas Gallaudet had recently graduated from Yale College in Connecticut. - As he headed back home, - he was thinking about his purpose in life. - He was looking for something that would have meaning a mission. - When he got back to his old neighborhood in Hartford, - Connecticut, - some new neighbors had moved in. - Next door was Dr Cogswell, - very prominent physician in the United States, - and he had a deaf daughter, - Alice Thomas met Alice and was very intrigued about how to communicate with the death and - the idea of providing education for the deaf so they would have the opportunity to live - like everyone else has ordinary citizens, - but to reach their potential in life. - Dr. - Cogswell had been is part of a group of parents in New England that had organized in order - to try to establish a school for the deaf, - and they had been corresponding with schools that already existed in Europe. - In England, - Scotland and France, - Thomas was enlisted to go to Europe. - Look at the schools there, - see what was the best approach that could be used in America and come back and help to open - the school. - Thomas set off for Europe and went to the only place he could go to, - and that was England. - Continental Europe was embroiled in war. - Napoleon was still on the march throughout Europe, - and the school in France was closed. - So Thomas went to London, - and there he went into the school that was run by the Braidwood family. - As he entered the school. - The rooms were dark, - the walls were bare. - The students didn't seem very interested in what was going on. - Teachers were stern. - It was a gloomy environment. - These schools were Orel schools, - and that means that no signing was allowed. - The teacher would stand in front of the room, - speak to the students and students would try to understand. - It was very clear to Thomas that this was not what was needed in America. - In addition, - the braid Woods had told him, - If you want to start a school in America, - we can help you. - But you stay honest. - An apprentice here for three years and then we'll send one of our family members back to be - the headmaster in the school, - and you must be sure you can't reveal our secret methods of teaching the death the braid. - Woods were interested in the financial aspect of education, - not education. - So Thomas had traveled to Europe. - He had spent a good portion of the money that had been given to him by this parents group, - and he failed. - He wasn't sure what to Dio, - but it seemed there was no choice but to go back to America and tell them that it just - wasn't possible. - He hadn't succeeded. - So he was making its way to South Hampton for the passage back home, - and he stopped off in Brighton. - And what are the chances of this happening? - He spots a flyer, - and this flyer advertises a demonstration by representatives of the Royal Institute for the - Teaching of Deaf Mutes from Paris, - France. - You see, - there were in exile because of all the turmoil in France, - and they were putting on exhibitions to make a little pocket money so they could survive - until it was safe to go home. - So Thomas, - of course, - went to this exhibition and was dazzled when he saw this young, - deaf French teacher, - Laurent Claire talk about French sign language struck about deaf education and take - questions from the audience he had with him, - his headmaster from his school, - the obvious a card who acted as his interpreter since the abbey could here. - After the demonstration, - Thomas was very excited to meet Laurent Claire and asked if he could visit their school. - And they said, - Of course, - as soon as it was safe to go back home, - they would. - And in a short time, - Napoleon is defeated and they set sail for France when he arrives at the school, - which now has been recently opened again, - it's full of color. - There are maps, - their pictures, - their paintings. - The Children are animated and engaged. - They're signing. - The teachers are pleasant and friendly. - This is a real school. - This is what Thomas sees for America for deaf education. - But how could he do this? - He's not a teacher of the deaf. - He doesn't know sign language. - He can't open a school for the deaf. - He has found the method that could be successful, - but he doesn't have the ability to make it happen. - So he tries to enlist Laurent Claire to come with him. - Laurent Claire is intrigued, - but he has a lot of reasons not to come to America. - The number one reason he's Catholic and America is full of those Protestants, - and he had been warned about that. - He would be leaving his school, - his community, - his second family. - He would be going to a place that had a reputation for being lawless and dangerous. - And think about this. - He would be the Onley educated deaf person in North America. - How lonely would that be? - It's a big consideration. - Thomas, - however, - convinces him. - This is your mission. - You have to do this. - Deaf people in America without you have no future. - They have no hope. - It all rests on you. - So clear, - of course, - is moved by that and decides I'll come to America for a year. - I'll help you get your school started and then I'll come back home. - Lauren Clear died at a ripe old age in Hartford, - Connecticut. - He, - too, - found his mission, - but the warnings were true. - He died. - It's an Episcopalian, - but back to the story of how this all gets really started. - Claire and Gallaudet now set sail for America, - and in the two months that it takes to cross the Atlantic Ocean, - Claire continues to work on reading and writing English with the help of Thomas and Thomas - , - learns French sign language from Laurent. - Declare as much as he can absorb. - They arrive in New York, - go to Hartford and in the spring of 18 17. - Finally, - the first permanent school for the deaf in the United States, - now known as the American School for the Deaf, - opens up in Hartford, - Connecticut. - Laurent Claire is the first teacher and Thomas Gallaudet handle see administration of the - school as he continues to learn French sign language and to learn how to be a teacher of - the death. - Claire starts teaching with great enthusiasm, - and soon he is quite discouraged. - He thinks the death of America. - They have no language. - They have no education. - I will bring it to them. - They will love my beautiful French sign language. - The Americans didn't, - and Claire was confused and frustrated. - You see what he didn't realize? - Waas. - The Americans already had their own old American sign language. - They were not without language, - but their language wasn't nearly as highly developed as Claire's French sign language - because they didn't have schools, - there was no academic language. - There was no language signs for countries for historical events. - For famous people, - there was no complex numbering system for doing mathematics. - There was no finger spelling system because they weren't reading and writing. - So they had a language that talked about daily activities and family and their immediate - environment, - but not a full language like French sign language. - Claire finally came to realize that over time, - what was happening was these two languages we're merging. - They were turning into a Creole, - developing into our modern American sign language. - And so deaf education gets off to a great start. - The school is successful, - and soon schools are opened up in Pennsylvania, - in Virginia, - in New York, - until almost every state has its own school for the deaf, - all learning by means of this brand new American sign language. - And for the next 50 years after the start of that first school for the death, - deaf education flourishes, - flourishes and culminates with the opening of a college for the death in Washington, - D. - C, - which later was named in honor of Thomas Gallaudet as galling at college, - and it is now Gallaudet University. - The charter for that university was signed by President Lincoln, - and so for that 1st 50 years of deaf education because of American sign language. - Deaf students were successful and they were able to live like everyone else in another - segment. - I'll tell you what happens after that 50 years where things change dramatically and - certainly for the worst. - But that first period is important for us to look back on as we see what happens in our - modern times, - with deaf education and the reemergence of what you're about to learn American Sign - language. 4. The Age of Oralism: - in the first part off this history of American sign language and the start of deaf - education, - you learned about what we call the golden age in deaf education. - From 18 17 2 18 67 All of the schools use this newly developed language American sign - language for their instruction. - But in 18 67 everything would change. - Two more schools for the deaf opened up in the United States. - However, - these two schools would forbid the use of sign language in teaching. - One of the schools was opened in Massachusetts and the other in New York. - These two schools would use Onley speech and hearing as her method of instruction. - The age of aural ism now gets introduced to the United States For the next 100 years or so - , - every school for the deaf that would open up in the United States would practice Orel ism - and would forbid the use of signing those schools that were established previously that had - been signing would eventually also switch and become Orel schools, - deaf people who had been getting an education and had been in the mainstream of American - life, - doing the jobs that most people could dio living like most people did, - with a good education, - being literate, - being able to read and write English. - That time was now gone. - And in the age of aural ism, - deaf people did not get much of an education. - They picked up what they could. - They learned from each other as they talked with each other in their dormitories. - But things changed radically. - So as we get to the 19 hundreds, - the average Steph person is either unemployed, - underemployed, - somewhere homeless, - institutionalized peddlers dependent on family from being respected and in the mainstream - of American life. - Now they wouldn't be pitied. - They will look down on people, - felt badly for them and didn't know what to do about it. - This is what Orel Ism produced in 1965. - There was a professor of English who was teaching at Gallaudet College in Washington, - D. - C. - And he had for several years been studying this signing that he saw deaf people doing - outside of class and in their personal time. - And he began a very methodical study that took place over a period of years, - and being a linguist, - he was very thorough. - In his examination, - This man's name was William Stoke E. - He today is called the father of modern American Sign language, - because in 1965 he published his thick manuscript that had, - um, - analysed and dissected and put back together this language that we now call American Sign - language. - His study of the language was so thorough that no one contested the findings. - And what he proved is that American sign language is a full and complete language equal to - any other, - and that it's a viable tool to be used in teaching in schools for the death. - Frankly, - we really didn't need such proof for schools of the death because we had 50 years off - terrific education in deaf schools in the 18 hundreds. - That should have been proof enough. - It happened in almost every state that there was in the United States, - and it resulted in educated, - deaf people in the mainstream. - But this was not the case in 1965 So when his findings this manuscript was published, - this was earth shattering for people in the field. - Anthropologists and linguists examined it, - and it was so well done and so methodically produced that there was no dispute. - This was a language, - and it could be used in teaching. - But things couldn't change overnight, - because where would people learn this new language, - which didn't at that time yet have a name such as we used today, - American sign language. - Where would they learn it? - There were no teachers of American sign language. - No one trained in how to teach it. - So people tried to learn from deaf people who used the language. - But using a language and being a teacher of the language are not necessarily the same thing - . - People did the best they could. - An American sign language began to make a comeback in fits and starts from that point - forward. - By the time we get to the 19 eighties at Gallaudet College, - which now by 1988 had been named Gallaudet University, - there was going to be a change of presidents, - and a new president was going to be elected. - At that time, - they were down to three final candidates. - The first candidate was a woman named Dr Sensor PhD, - very qualified in administration for university. - And then there were two other deaf candidates. - Dr Sensor had never met a deaf person, - didn't know any sign language, - knew nothing about operating a deaf college. - These other two candidates had worked at Gallaudet University for quite some time and were - deaf themselves in fluent in the language and understood the needs of deaf. - The board, - of course, - picked the hearing woman over the two deaf, - equally qualified candidates. - The students at Gallaudet University erupted in protest. - They'd learn from the civil rights movement, - and they began demonstrations. - They did sit ins. - They closed down buildings, - locked down buildings, - contacted the media, - marched up and down in the campus and attracted as much attention as they could to their - cause. - The professors and the staff of Gallaudet, - for the most part, - stepped aside and didn't interfere. - No classes went on at Gallaudet. - The marching, - the media attention. - The protest went on for four days. - After that, - it's doctors answer herself that realized she was not the right fit for this university. - She didn't belong there. - She hadn't been aware of what she was getting herself into, - but in those four days got her own education. - So she resigned, - which relieved the problem. - And then the board selected this third candidate, - Irving King Jordan I, - King Jordan, - who was the president of Gallaudet University for the next 18 years. - For deaf people in the United States and around the world, - this was very significant. - Deaf people had for the first time taking their own future into their own hands. - They would have a deaf president at the Deaf university, - and they would make decisions that would govern their own affairs. - It was earth shattering for deaf people around the world. - The first time something like this had really happened in the past, - hearing people had always made decisions for deaf people. - Now deaf people would make them for themselves. - In 2006 another death president was chosen and in 2008 another death president. - There will never be a hearing president of Gallaudet University again. - Deaf people are perfectly capable of taking care of themselves. - In the 21st century, - things have changed. - American sign language is ever more popular. - It's being taught in more and more places. - Deaf people are becoming more and more in the mainstream, - but there are still challenges ahead. - American sign language classes, - American sign language teachers are getting better and better, - and this presentation, - we hope, - will have you feeling the same way that American sign language has come. - Ah, - long way and today you can learn it with success 5. Letters A-J: - Let's learn about the finger spelling system in American Sign language. - The finger spelling System. - The manual alphabet came to us from Laurent, - clear from French sign language because he was the first teacher of the deaf. - The hand shaped alphabet was actually developed in Spain by Spanish monks who took a vow of - silence but still found a way to communicate with each other. - They developed a system of hand shapes to represent each letter of the alphabet so they - would spell to each other. - Somewhere along the line, - someone made drawings of these on vellum, - and these vellum scrolls were stored in dry caves and were preserved. - When the founder of the first school for the deaf in Paris, - France, - the Abbey Lupe, - was researching sign language, - he learned about the scrolls and got a copy. - These became part of French sign language and allowed French sign language to do lexical - Borrowing from French lexical borrowing is done by all living languages, - and it's where you take a word from another language and incorporate it into your own - language may be changed the pronunciation and spelling a bit so it looks like it belongs in - your language and fits better in English. - We have words like moccasin and to bargain and tobacco. - Um, - the Vietnamese have words like Tassi and camera and theme. - Um, - we borrow words like soup de jour pie, - ala Mode, - reservoir and so on. - The finger spelling system allows a sign language to borrow from the spoken language that - is used in the mainstream in whatever country they're in. - So here, - American sign language is engulfed in English names of towns. - Brand names. - A person's given English name can all be spelled lexical borrowing. - So let's learn about these hand shapes. - By learning these hinges, - you're going to gain 21 off the 50 or so hand shapes that you need for your pronunciation - in the language. - That's what hand shapes really are. - Your pronunciation. - So the letter A. - If you're right handed. - Since all the letters are done with just one hand, - you're going to use your right hand, - which is in sign language. - Strom's your dominant hand. - If you're left handed, - you're going to use your left hand to do these with. - So the letter A. - It's done like this. - Your thumb should rest on the side. - Shouldn't be out. - Shouldn't be curled around like this right on the side. - And your fingernails are showing the letter b Your thumb This all the way over. - Your fingers are closed. - Not like this. - The letter b. - The letter c looks like the letter C thes fingers should be closed. - It's just like you got your hand around a cup. - The letter c the letter D first finger point straight up. - Your second finger touches your thumb. - Here's what it looks like from the side notice A flat of my finger touches a thumb. - So if you have longer fingernails, - if you were doing it this way, - you'd be gouging yourself the flat of your finger touches and that forms a nice clear - letter D. - Some people let these fingers drop for the letter D, - and that's fine. - Also, - I'm more comfortable with them up like this, - but that's up to you. - The letter e form the letter B. - Fold these fingers down gently on top of your thumb and there is a letter E Don't have your - thumb out here like this. - Don't have your fingers up here like that softly on top of your phone. - The letter e the letter f the first finger touches the flat of my thumb. - The other fingers are up. - The letter G. - We need this finger and this thumb, - but the palms should face your chest. - The letter G. - Here's what it looks like. - This way your finger should be separated. - But here's how the letters actually formed the letter. - G The letter H I'm gonna turn my hand around so you can see my thumb. - My thumb is tucked away. - It's not up here. - Here's how it should look with your palm facing your chest. - The letter h for the letter I your pinky is up, - and whether your thumb is here or whether it's here doesn't really matter much. - You notice my hand is cocked a little bit. - That makes a clear letter. - I and for the letter J. - We're using the I hen shape, - but we're drawing a J in the air justice. - If you're seeing it in front of you like this, - that's for a right handed person. - For a left handed person. - You're going to do it like a mirror image like this. - Doing it this way. - It's just too awkward this way. - It's easier to do some for the letter J for a left hander, - you're doing it like a backwards J. - So we've done the letters a through J. - Let's do a quick review of those letters. - Here's a letter, - a notice. - You can see my fingernails. - These fingers are flat against my palm. - But my hand is relax. - There's no clenching. - My farm is just resting on the side, - not sticking out, - Not clenching like this. - Nice and relaxed. - The letter B fingers are closed. - Thumb should be all the way over the letter. - C Fingers are together. - The letter D We're going to show you what that looks like from the side. - So you see, - my finger is touching my thumb. - First finger straight up, - E fingers on top of the thumb. - F first finger touching your thumb. - The's fingers, - whether they're closed or open, - doesn't really matter much. - It's usually comfortable to have them open. - G Remember to create space. - That's what it looks like from this angle, - thumb and first finger. - Aggie and H. - Tuck your thumb away Two fingers and I and draw the J 6. Letters K-Z: - Let's learn the letters K through Z que is ah, - harder letter to do so I'm gonna break it in two steps. - Point your first finger straight up, - Put your second finger straight out. - Put your thumb gently Resting on the side of that second figure is that it looks like Don't - pull your from up here that pulls this finger down and we end up with this kind of a hand - shape. - It shouldn't be in between what looks like a V. - This should form a 90 degree angle for the letter K and L Pretty simple. - But people do have a tendency to have their fingers up like this. - That makes this much harder to read. - We want to create as big a configuration as we can. - So it's easier to read, - rescuer hand gently down like this. - See that there's space in here. - I could put a magic marker in there, - but I didn't like him down all this way so that we can see the letter. - L clearly for em. - Three fingers on top of your thumb. - The letter A but one finger over to three for the letter. - I m notice my fingers are pretty much straight out, - not tight like this. - It's harder to read just resting gently right here on top of the thumb, - but pretty much straight out. - That's what it should look like for the letter n We're gonna take one finger away, - two fingers over your thumb again pretty much straight out for an O first finger touches - the flat of my from these other fingers are all together. - They shouldn't be down like this. - So it looks like, - you know, - a P is just like a k, - but in a different position. - So here's how we form the letter K. - We put it down now for the letter P first finger, - straight out, - second finger, - straight down, - thumb resting gently on the side. - Don't have it halfway. - We're not sure what that letter is. - A p This finger is straight out a k. - This finger is straight out for a que a que is the same hand shape as a G. - But its down like this. - There's a G there's a queue and are the second finger behind your first finger and s is - simply a fist. - But don't have your thumb come from the side. - That doesn't Forman s Here's an S. - I should be able to put these three fingers up. - This second finger is what's in contact with my thumb and s for a t one finger over your - thumb. - Make a letter A but this finger over you have a t are you is exactly like an H. - However, - palm is facing forward fingers are up. - Ah, - you a V looks like a V. - The w looks like a w. - Don't worry about trying to get your fingers really straight up. - That's not the important thing. - If it's more comfortable that there like this, - that's fine. - We're looking at your pinky finger touching your thumb. - Notice my thumb holds down my pinky so these three fingers air up for a W and X we Macon s - hand shape and put this first finger up, - forming a hook. - That's what it looks like from the side notice. - My thumb is not out like this. - We keep that tucked away just like it was for the letter s for X for why your thumb is out - . - Your pinky is out. - Notice again from the side. - Plenty of space in here. - But these three fingers are together. - If you try to bring those three fingers in tighter right into the palm of your hand. - You see, - it pulls these and it becomes harder to read, - and it's harder to dio. - Relax, - let these fingers relax, - and it creates a bigger and more easily seen hand shape. - And for the Letter Z, - if you're right handed, - you're simply drawing a Z in the air just the way you would see it with your first finger. - If you're left handed its mirror image like this, - that's K Fouzi. - We're going to take a moment to review those. - Okay, - that's what it looks like from this side angle. - Notice the position of my thumb just resting on the side. - You should have pretty much a 90 degree angle between this finger and your second finger. - L make sure these fingers are down low like this, - but not tightly clenching. - I m and oh P just like a k But down que are - yes t you the w x. - I'll show you that from the side. - Why Z 7. Numbers 1-20: - Let's learn some numbers. - We're gonna learn the numbers from 1 to 99. - In doing that, - you'll learn not only about numbers, - but you'll be gaining quite a few more hand shapes that you need to master the language. - Remember that hand shapes are your pronunciation, - so making them Chrisman clear is important. - I'm going to demonstrate them thoroughly for you, - But remember also to pause whenever you need to and practice what you've seen. - Review. - Look at everything again until you feel that you're comfortable with it. - One for numbers. - One through five, - your palm is going to face towards you. - That's the SL numbering system. - There is a reason for everything that's done to three. - This is different from what you're used to from out and these two fingers four five Now for - the numbers six through nine, - you're gonna turn your palm forward. - And for the number six small number, - small finger touches your thumb. - The number seven The next finger over. - You'll notice I'm touching with the flat of my finger against my thumb. - If you have fingernails and you're doing it like this, - you're going to be hurting yourself with the flat of the finger That is the most efficient - way to make these numbers. - Eight is the next finger. - Nine is the next finger. - And 10 if you do make your fingers touch like this straight on 6789 it's very hard to dio. - 6789 10 is how you can do it when you use just the flat of your finger. - Easier to dio. - Easier to see, - easier to read. - Let's continue with the numbers 11 through 20 starting with 11 Your promise again facing - you and you flick your finger up like this You flick it away from you gonna turn my hand - around so you can see what that looks like. - See where my thumb is. - My thumb doesn't really move Flick like this. - And for the number 12 now you're gonna flick with two fingers. - I'll turn my hand around so you can see what that looks like. - But make sure the promise facing you for 13 put these two things like the number three. - But put these two fingers together and give them a wiggle 14. - Very much like the letter B. - But the pond faces you and all your fingers move together and for 15. - It's the same. - But put your thumb out for 16 through 19. - We need a particular movement. - The original form of the number is to make a 10 and a six, - a 10 and a six. - But like every language, - SL finds a way to contract and condense communication. - And so, - in the East on the East Coast, - 16 is done like this with a shake. - 12 It's enough. - In the Midwest, - they do it a little differently, - since some places they do it like this for 16 in California, - they do it in the more formal way like this. - For 16 you may see some variations, - but they're just that they're variations. - They're not completely different, - and anyone would understand them clearly. - So here, - 16 the next finger over form the number seven. - Give it a shake for 17. - The number eight. - Give it a shake for 18. - The number nine give it a shake for 19 and 20. - Make a fist. - First finger out and your thumb. - You may recognize this to be the same hand shape we use for the letter G Tap tap 20. - Now we're going to review those numbers and you can look at them. - Close up one to three four five six, - seven eight nine 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 - 19 20. 8. Numbers 30-99: - Let's learn the numbers from 30 to 99. - Now we're gonna leave the numbers from 21 to 29 for the next segment because they're a - little bit more complex and require a little more explanation. - Let's build on what you've already learned by learning the numbers one through 20 as we do - the numbers from 30 to 99 for 30 all the way up to 98 you simply do each digit off the - number. - So 30 is 30 but the palm will not face you for these numbers upon must be out. - 30 is 30 31 31 32 is 32 so on. - All the way up to 98 45 is 45 65 is 65. - So pretty simple. - The only exception to this are the numbers that have the same digit repeated like 20 to 33 - 44 so on, - all the way up to 99. - For those we need a movement to indicate that we're repeating the number Some of the - numbers have already learned, - like 16 and 20 have a movement. - But if we do this all day long, - this still remains the number 20. - If we do this all day long, - this still remains the number 16. - So we need a way to indicate we are intentionally repeating that digit. - So we add a movement from the middle of your body to the outside. - If you're left handed. - Same rule applies middle of your body to the outside, - going the other way. - So for 22 it looks like this. - So if you're right handed, - remember, - that's the middle of your body to your right side if you're left handed middle of your body - to your left side. - So let's do those up to 99. - 22 33 44 55. - No, - Make sure you have the right finger touching to form a six for 66 and the next finger over - 77 the next one 88 and this finger for the number 9 99 Let's do those just one more time. - 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99. - So take a moment and pause and practice those numbers until you feel confident. - And then we're ready to move on to the next segment, - where we'll learn the numbers from 21 2 29 9. Numbers 21-29: - Let's do the numbers from 21 to 29. - Now our numbering system in a SL came to us through French sign language through Laurent - declare that first teacher of the death. - So the system that is used it looks a little bit different than what you might expect - because it's a system that's used in many places in Europe and for us in America. - We might imagine that 20 would simply be a 20 just like we do 30 for 30. - But for lots of reasons, - there's a different system in the twenties, - and here's where it comes from. - This what looks like an L. - These two fingers, - when they go up like this, - tell us that we're going to do something in the twenties. - It's gonna be a number that follows, - and that's how it's done in many places in Europe. - So if we use these two fingers for the two and former zero, - now we see the original form of that number 20 that you learned like this. - You see, - it just gets very contracted and smaller. - So some of these numbers in the twenties are contracted forms there abbreviated, - and that's why I need to explain them to you. - The number 21 originally looked like this back in the 18 hundreds. - But this languages get older, - they contract, - people find more efficient ways to communicate. - And so this has been contracted to this for 21 22. - You've already learned that has its own rules for 23. - This is the original form 23 it's perfectly correct to do it that way. - But it's like saying Do not instead of don't in conversation. - Most people are going to do this for 23. - It's almost like the letter K that you learned. - But you're from this out and you wiggle this finger, - I'm gonna put it to the side like this. - You can see I'm not bending from here all the way down to this knuckle. - 23 24 has no contracted form, - so it looks like l 4 24 25. - The original form looks like L 5 25 and that's perfectly correct also, - but the contracted form is second finger down and give it a wiggle, - just like 23. - But all of our fingers air up, - so make sure you're clear about that difference. - This is 23. - This is 25. - And for 26 through 29 there are no contracted form. - So it looks like l six for 26 27 28 and 20 nine. - Now that you've looked at those numbers, - you're going to get an opportunity to review them again. - And I'm gonna teach you one more sign that you're going to need for the next segment. - And that is this sign. - You start with a just slightly open. - Oh, - she put it around your chin. - I should bring it down. - Bring it down to an S. - I'm not doing this. - You should not see the thumb. - The film is back here. - Just barely open and closes to a nest. - That's a sign for age or old. - And you'll be using that later on. - When you do practice sentences 10. Colors: - you've learned all the hand shapes off the finger spelled alphabet. - You've learned the hand shapes of numbers from 1 to 99. - You're equipped to be able to learn so much vocabulary now, - and I'll be able to refer to those hand shapes and you'll know exactly what I'm talking - about. - And the learning will progress more quickly. - What is important as you use these materials this at you pause and take the time you need - to practice and get comfortable with using this. - You're going to learn 14 basic colors using those hand shapes that you've learned. - Now you're gonna have to pay attention, - especially to the location and the movement as we make these signs for colors. - So you're gonna learn four colors that have made in this area right in front of the body. - We're gonna take the hand shapes from the English words for these four colors. - Make the letter B. - I'm gonna put it in front of you like this. - And just like you did that movement for the number 16 17 18 19. - That's the movement you want for the color blue. - We'll change the hand shaped to a G. - But the movement is the same. - And with this shaking, - this becomes a cup of green form. - The letter p and with that same shaking movement in front of you, - this is a color purple form the letter. - Why? - And now we have yellow. - Let me do this again for you. - Blue, - green, - purple and yellow. - There are two colors we're going to do right on our cheek. - We need the hand shape. - Be stroke down twice. - Promise forward the color brown The letter T stroke twice on the cheek. - Palm forward. - Not like this. - Palm forward tan signs made around the face tend to be harder to do because you can't see - them. - So you want to be conscious of that when I'm directing you as to which way the palms should - face, - pay particular attention to that because you can't see it to monitor it. - So it's harder to do when you might think you're doing something a certain way. - But you need to pay real attention to it. - Brown and tan. - The number one hand shape is used for the color black notice. - My hand shape never changes. - I'm simply moving my arm right across the forehead. - Black become a red. - Same hand shape twice on the chin. - Black. - Read there, - two more colors that are done of the chin orange. - Here's my starting hand shape. - It's almost a oh, - my finger and thumb or just barely apart, - as I put it right around my chin. - Grab, - grab, - grab, - grab, - grab, - grab, - grab orange And that stands for the color orange and also for the fruit. - And then we're gonna make the letter P and with your second finger, - not your 1st 1 second, - one stroke down twice pink. - So those three done at the chin read orange and then with a P for pink, - you see the reason why we don't touch with the first finger. - Look at this. - Doesn't look exactly like the color red. - We can't see this finger, - so we put it up here for the color. - Pink, - gray and white are done involving the front of the body. - Want to fives Very stiff hands. - Notice that my fingers are hitting each other like this gray. - And for the color white, - you're going to start with this hand shape, - which we call a clots like a five. - But turn it into a claw on your chest like this and bring it straight out. - And now I'm gonna turn my hand to show you the hand shape. - And that hand shape is a new hand shaped for you called a flat. - Oh, - Seiken. - Oh, - but flattened like that. - A claw toe a flat. - Oh, - don't turn your hand out. - It comes straight out like this. - White, - Two more colors, - gold and silver, - The important ones. - So you learned the number 25. - We need that same hand. - Shape that second finger straight down, - touch your ear lobe and give it a shake. - Notice that my palms stays facing the side of my face the whole time doesn't turn out. - Just give it a shake and move away from the face. - As I said, - signs made around the face are harder to do because you can't see them do it in a mirror. - If you need to check yourself to see that your palms states facing the side of your face, - and with that little shaking, - that's gold. - The original form of that sign is this is a sign for shiny people wore gold earrings so - shiny on the air equals gold, - and the last color involves to hand shapes and s and a one and s and a one with that one. - You're going to touch your ear lobe. - Now tuck that finger in for an S and give it that seem kind of shake again. - Notice which way? - My promise facing it's facing out. - Let's do a quick review of those 14 colors. - There are four better done in front of you. - Ah, - be hand shape for blue A G hand shape for green. - Why Hand shape for yellow api hand shape for purple You're gonna make a claw and it's gonna - come straight out to a Flatow for the color white. - Here, - make the color gray with the one the color black three that are done at your chin are red, - orange and pink to that had done on your cheek brown and 10 to that air. - Done that. - Involve your ear lobe the side of your face gonna make it look like the number 25 that hand - shape touch your ear lobe, - give it a shake and then with an s, - I'm going to start with the number one is gonna tuck down toe in s touch with one and give - it a shake As your foreman s not an A and s for silver. - Those are your 14 colors 11. Sentence Practice - Colors: - you've learned colors, - so let's practice him in sentences. - To do that, - I need to teach you a few signs that you need to do some simple sentences. - Let's learn the sign for I or me. - You simply make the number one and point to yourself. - I or me know thumb don't make it look like this. - We shouldn't see your thumb like the number one I for me, - the sign for like, - not alike, - but to like something. - I like broccoli. - You remember the number eight. - We're going to open this to an open eight close state open eight closed eight. - The open eight hand shape is what I'm showing you backers on your chest palm facing you and - close it so it looks like the number eight. - But your palm is still facing your chest. - Don't bring it out like this. - Don't have your fingers down like this. - Make sure all your fingers are up. - So it's just like that. - Hand shaped for the number eight open, - close, - open, - close. - That means to, - like want We need to claw hand shapes these air fives, - but you turn them into what looks like a claw. - Turn your palms up and simply draw your arms in. - Don't close your fingers. - There's no finger movement at all. - Just draw the menu, - just pulling your arms straight in want. - And the last sign is to have. - Or has he has something? - She has something. - I have something same sign you're gonna make clothes, - fives. - You will bend them over like this. - That's the hand shape. - Now here's what you do with it. - Bring them straight in. - Not here in too close to each other, - but more on your shoulders. - Have having learned those signs. - You can now do the sentences that are on your practice page on page six. - Let me demonstrate those 1st 3 three of those sentences for you. - If I want read, - I have read. - I like read. - So now when you look at Page six, - you will see there is a list of sentences for you to do. - Take the time you need to do all of those sentences. - Practice those hand shapes, - practice forming those signs, - moving your hand from one hand shape, - toe another until you feel comfortable and then you'll be ready to move on to the next - segment. 12. Animals - Part 1: - you've learned about finger spelling numbers and colors. - So you've learned most of the hand shapes that are required for you to master the - vocabulary of the language. - Most of those signs where one handed signs we're going to do animals. - And many of these are two handed signs. - So this is going to involve a little bit more than what you've done before. - Pay attention to hand shapes, - all explaining Sinus. - I do it and we'll have a review at the end to help you to process these. - We'll start with one animal. - Notice my hand shape and this is near the outside of the chest. - Kind of nail your shoulders. - Don't put the sign in like this close. - And the sign moves inward. - Not down, - not up in word for an animal. - Number two is lion. - This is a claw hand shape and go backwards like you're combing your hair. - Number three. - Yes, - tiger. - Same hand shape, - but with two hands, - both claws. - You're gonna put them here and we're gonna outline the stripes of the tiger notices. - No finger movement. - I'm simply bringing my hands backwards on my cheek. - Not down, - not forward. - Straight back. - Number four bear to claw hands on your shoulders and scratch them. - Number five a crocodile to claw hands and notice. - My fingers are not just meeting like this, - but these air representing the teeth. - So this is a crocodile or an alligator. - Number six is a cat. - We're gonna make two F or nine hand shapes and pull those whiskers. - People tend to do this and forget to put their fingers up. - This is not a cat nines. - Make sure these fingers so up and 12 for a cat number seven is Ah, - Fox. - We're going to make that letter f Put it right on your nose and give it a twist Back and - forth. - A fox number eight an hour. - We need to those up and down, - up and down in front of your eyes for owl. - Some people do it like this. - That's OK. - Also, - Number nine is a dog for a dog. - There are one or two parts to the sign. - Some people do a pat on the leg like that. - They're just gonna tap down here on their fi. - That's optional. - But the second part of the sign is the important part. - It's gonna look a little bit like the letter K, - but turn it towards you and take your second finger and scratch your thumb. - So here's what it looks like straight on, - but you're going to turn it so the palm is facing your chest. - A dog. - The pat on the fei is optional can be done before or after this. - It's like a silent snap, - but there is no snap. - You're just rubbing that finger against the thumb. - A dog number 10 a bug, - Make a three, - then these fingers put your thumb on your nose like this and scrunch fees, - Fingers Ah, - bug. - Not under your nose. - Right on top of you know, - it's just resting there a bug number 11 is a deer and for that we're going to produce the - antlers. - So we're gonna make to five hand shapes your thumbs right here. - And there is a dear this no movement number 12 A raccoon, - two number twos. - Notice my fingers air straight and they close like scissors. - 12 for raccoon. - My fingers don't bend like this. - They don't stay open. - They close like scissors. - One to Revco 13 is a skunk. - We need a K hand shape and we're going to go straight back. - That same motion that we used for a lion a skunk number 14 is a turtle. - That's a two handed sign, - and your dominant hand is an A hand shape. - Remember your dominant hand. - So if you're right handed your right hand. - If you're left handed, - it's your left hand. - Cover it up. - Don't cover it up from the front, - covered from the side. - Move your thumb. - That's a turtle number 15. - We have a squirrel bend twos right here in front of the mouth. - A squirrel number 16 is Ah, - horse. - Remember the number 13? - That's a hand shape and movement that we need thumb here at the side of the head. - My palm is facing the floor. - A little movement for a horse. - Number 17 is a pig making number five right into your chin. - Give it a wiggle number 18 A frog. - Make the number 12. - Put this under your chin. - Flick out the number 12. - Number 19 is a wolf. - I'm gonna show you the hand shape because we have a handshake change to deal with here. - This is called a close claw. - To a Flatow, - it's almost like be hand shape used for making the color white. - This around the nose. - Close it to a Flatow. - A wolf number 20. - An elephant straight out, - right from the nose, - straight out. - 21 is a snake. - Bend your twos right in front of the mouth. - Wiggle it out like this. - A snake number 22 a bird. - It's like making the number 20. - But we're gonna form the beak right in front of the mouth. - Not in the nose, - Not in the chin. - Right in front of the mouth. - Straight out. - Not to the side. - A bird number 23 um is a duck two ways to do a duck? - You can put these two fingers together with your thumb and form the ducks Bill, - or some people will do it with their whole hand. - Either way is fine. - And number 24 is a rhinoceros. - We're gonna make the letter. - Why put your thumb on your nose and 12 with that motion just rested on your nose? - Not underneath. - Right here. - A rhino. - Let's review those. - I'm going to go feel them or quickly now. - And you can practice with me as I go along. - Here is an animal. - A lion, - a tiger, - a bear, - a crocodile account, - a fox an hour, - a dog, - a bug, - a deer, - a raccoon, - a skunk, - a turtle, - a squirrel. - Ah, - horse, - a pig, - a frog, - a wolf, - an elephant, - a snake, - a bird, - a duck or a duck and a rhino. - Review those again if you need to practice them until you feel comfortable and we'll do a - second group of animals. 13. Animals - Part 2: - Let's continue and complete our list of animals. - The next one, - number 25 is hippo to Why hand shapes My dominant hand in. - In my case, - my right hand is on top. - Tap tap, - tap tap for a hippo. - Number 26 is a fish. - Keep these fingers closed. - Give a little wiggle moving away from you. - Number 27 is a shark. - Make a B hand shape and right here at the top of your head, - you can imagine what that's representing. - Number 28 is a little bit harder to do, - so have some fun. - They should try to coordinate yourself, - making this sign non dominant arm. - So if you're right handed, - your left arm is what should be out in front of you straight your dominant hand a y hand - shape. - Put it at your elbow, - swim to your wrist. - We have you see that again, - Be nice and graceful. - We want a nice looking whale, - and 29 is formed. - Very similarly. - Put your arm up in the same way, - but form the letter D. - We're going to initialize this one. - Started your elbow swim to your wrist a second way to do a dolphin is one that people often - like to do since a little bit more fun could make the letter R Put your thumb out, - turn it this way like we did for a fish and you can swim. - And here is a dolphin. - This way, - you could have two dolphins. - Number 30 an eagle. - We're gonna make the letter, - G, - open it up on open G and put it right in front of you, - as you did for bird Tap. - Tap an eagle. - Not about the nose, - Not at the chin. - Right in front of the mouth. - Ego number 31 An octopus. - This is also a two handed sign and involves a little bit of coordination. - So your non dominant hand just put it up right here, - Let it flop down a Flatow hand shape. - But right here in the middle of the back of your hand, - Close up that bottom. - Push, - Push, - Push! - I'm not moving downward. - Just push, - Push! - Push! - Octopus number 32. - This is also a two handed sign where one hand does all of the movement put your arm out in - front of you like this. - And now take out your trusty scissors and with your palm facing up, - You're going toe shear off some of that will a sheep 33 a goat. - We This is done with one hand, - but we need to change our hand shape. - As we make a movement within s hand, - tap your chin and then flip up to the number 12 to form the horns on the head. - One to for a goat 34 is a butterfly. - This is pretty much everyone's favorite with your palms facing you. - Close your fingers to form a closed five on both hands. - Cross over and lock your thumbs like this and you have Ah, - butterfly. - Watch that again. - Five. - Close your fingers, - cross from over and lock your thumbs together. - A butterfly. - 35. - It's a turkey. - Make a G hand shape. - Put it under your chin. - Tap tap tapped out for a turkey. - 36 is a spider. - 37 is also a favorite, - and it's made with the same hand shapes to use for a butterfly. - Make two fives. - Close your fingers, - put your dominant hand on top and watch my thumbs swim a sea turtle 38 a rabbit, - make two fists and form to letter H is, - and give them a wiggle with your fingers together. - A rabbit 39 a rat, - The letter R and just tap your nose. - A rat number 40 with one finger. - Make that same motion that you did for a rat for a mouse. - 41 is a giraffe. - Ah, - see hand shape, - put it right around your throat and go straight up for a giraffe. - 42. - A cow to Why hand shapes. - Tap your thumbs against Aside of your head a cow. - 43. - A monkey. - Almost anyone can do this to claw hands a monkey 44 make to a hands A gorilla 45. - A worm. - The dominant hand. - It's the one that has to move. - 46. - A zebra form two fours. - Your dominant hand. - It's on top and show the stripes. - Notice your hands are moving away from each other. - Opposite direction 47 is a seal. - Turn your palms so that they're facing on the outside and cross over your hands and clap - for a seal. - Let me show you that again. - Close your fingers, - turn your palms out, - cross your hands over and clap for a seal and 48. - A penguin two fives. - Close your fingers, - put them right here at your hips or just above and look like a penguin. - Very easy. - Now do a quick review of those follow along. - Pay attention to the hand shapes as I do them. - Ah, - hippo. - A fish. - A shark. - Ah, - whale with a D a dolphin Or the second way to do a dolphin, - an eagle, - an octopus, - a sheep, - a goat, - a butterfly, - a turkey, - a spider, - a sea turtle, - a rabbit, - a rat, - a mouse, - a giraffe, - a cow, - a monkey, - the gorilla, - a worm, - a zebra, - a seal and a penguin. - Practice those and have fun. 14. Sentence Practice - Animals : having learned all of those animals, you want to get in some sentence practice now, which is found on page nine. I'm going to demonstrate some of the sentences that are on that page, and then you'll be able to pause and take whatever time you need to practice all of those sentences until you can produce those sentences smoothly. Here's the 1st 1 we need to learn the sign for my or mine, and that's done with a closed five hand shape, possessive hand shape, my or mine. And we would use that same hand shaped for your or yours, my cat purple. And I'm hoping your cat is not purple. These air. Some of these are silly sentences, but it's to give you practice. My wolf gray, my snake aids. 13. My fish age. 27. Be sure to take your time as you practice your put your putting together. Now a number of skills hand shape, hand shaped changes, some things air one handed. Some things are two handed. It's really a lot to take in at one time. The important thing is that you practice well enough to feel confident about what you've learned 15. Family: Let's winsome family signs. We've chosen some of the more common signs for family and relationships. These signs, some of them, are a little bit more complex on the ones that you've learned previously. They might involve two hands and also might involve changing your hand shape As you produce the sign I'll take you through these slowly and methodically. Our 1st 1 is girl, and the hand shape we need is an extended from a like you did for the number 10 and I'm gonna turn my head so you can see your thumb touches your job bone and stroke forward. 12 12 for girl number two is boy 12 and you notice we end with a Flatow hand shaped one to right at the forehead. Number three. Mother, we need ah, five hand shape and the thumb contacts the chin. Mother, Just like that. Make sure your fingers stay. Spread Number four. His father. Same hand shape of five. Your thumb contacts of forehead right in the middle. Tap tap. Father number five Grandmother, that same five hand shape. We start just like we did for Mother, but we need a different motion. 12 as it goes forward. One two for grandmother, grandfather yet see Same Sinus grandmother, but a different location. One two for grandfather. You start like the sign for father and go forward. One to number seven is a woman and we're going to start. Justus. We did for the sign for mother. But the thumb now contacts the chest Appalachian and then the chest for women number eight is man. And that starts up here at the forehead, as in father and contact the chest. Man number nine aunt on a hand Shape your thumb. It's not out. Make it a nice a stroke down the cheek twice. Don't have your thumbnail touching your cheek like this. It looks just like this on the cheek. You just rub the cheek like that. Number 10 Uncle, we need a you hand shape and right here at the side of head tap tap from uncle number 11 is niece. And this also is going to use the first initial of the English word. The end, just like you did for aunt stroke. Down twice for niece number 12 nephew. Same hand shape, different location. Stroke down twice, just like for niece. But at the side of the forehead. Nephew number 13 his cousin. We'll use the C hand shape the palm faces a side of the head and just swivel your wrist. Cousin number 14 The sign is literally law, but here, with family signs, it's used for in law, your non dominant hand. A closed five. Your dominant hand is an L and from your fingertips back to your wrist it contact your hand twice. 12 Here it is a little bit from the side law or in law. Number 15 is daughter. We're going to start like the sign for girl with that same extended thumb, a hand shape. But now we have to change our hand shape and bring this down and her hand rests right here in the crook of the arm with the palm facing up. Obviously, it's originally designed for baby girl, baby, but we don't do this because starters to grow up and become 40 years old. And they don't like being the girl baby. So we start like this on the way down. Change your hand shape and rest it right here for sun similar, but was starting with sign for boy or male close once. And bring this to the crook of your arm, son. Notice this difference boy is twice girl is twice. But when it becomes a compound sign when we're combining it with something else to create the idea of daughter, we don't do this twice, daughter and the same for Sun. We don't do this twice. It's done once and then down number 17 granddaughter. Well, the bad news is the most common way to do this says you want to spell grand. She all right a and the and then do the sign for daughter. And for number 18 you're going to do the same thingy. Uh, A and de followed by son for a grandson number 19 wife. We're going to do that sign for girl or female and combine it with Mary. Here, change your hand shape. Class B hands nice and tight. See, my thumbs are closed down on my hand. Wife number 20 for a husband assigned for male married equals husband 21 sister, you're going to start with that same extended thumb, a hand shape down your jaw and now we're going to change to to number one hand shapes and notice that my fist meets my fist. Let's see that again. Sister number 22 brother is done similarly, boy or mail and two number ones. Fist on fist notice. My dominant hand is signing male up here, and my dominant hand is on top when it gets to the bottom for brother. Number 23 is divorce. We need to D's. They're going to be facing each other touching, and then we move them apart like this divorce. Twist your wrist, so palms starts facing each other and then facing out. Divorce number 24 is separate or separate. When here, we need the hand shape that I call on open sea. It's like a C, but I thumb comes out the way we did for bread. And with this hand shape, we're going to use both of our hands and pull them apart, separate or separate, and number 25. We need to sign for marry, but might as well have a happy ending to this Mary just like that. Make sure your clasping your thumbs air closed down in your hands to marry 16. Sentence Practice-Family: your practice page for sentences that have family vocabulary has two sections to it. First, I'll show you the top half the 1st 3 sentences my sister likes, and then you're going to fill in the blank with, ah, food or drink. So it should be my sister likes, and then you come up with the food or drink that you want to fill in there. Sentence number two At the top my aunt likes and fill in a food or drink, and the 3rd 1 my niece likes and fill in of food or drink. At the bottom of the page are more sentences. They're going to follow the same format as the top. We're simply substituting age instead of a food or drink. So the 1st 1 should look like this. My sister aids 19. The 2nd 1 my aren't age 72 and the 3rd 1 my niece, age 10. And continue with the format that you see at the top until you've done. All of those sentences is a total of 46 senators you should be doing on that page and you'll be ready to move on 17. Food and Drink - Part 1: - food signs. - If you haven't eaten yet, - you're gonna be very hungry. - After this segment, - this is gonna be food and drink. - Number one gonna form to s hands. - Dominant hand on top Coffee. - Which way is my hand? - Moving as a right handed person. - My right hand us on top. - I am moving counter clockwise. - If you're left handed, - your left hand would be on top and your hand is moving clockwise. - Coffee number two cream. - I start with my bottom hand fingers closed on top. - I have kind of a claw hand and I stay on my hand. - Close it to N efs for queen Scooping the cream off the top off the milk pail. - That's what that sign comes from. - Cream number three sugar or sweet A closed five. - And keeping your fingers together. - Stroke your chin like this one too sweet or sugar number four milk. - Do this with an s hand. - Just gently open and close. - Milk number five. - There are a few signs for a serial that are used, - but one has become pretty much a standard around the country going to start here and we're - gonna quickly form an X. - We're gonna kind of crawl across our chin. - I'm starting on my dominant side and moving to my non dominant side. - Serial number six eggs to H. - Hand shapes. - Dominant hand on top. - It's resting right here. - Crack open the eggs. - Number seven bacon. - Also with two h hand shapes. - We're gonna make this look like bacon frying in the pan. - My fingers are nice and straight, - and they just wiggle away from each other. - All of my finger is moving. - As I do this, - they don't turn out like this. - We're showing the bacon strips so my fingers stay facing each other. - Number eight sausage in the old meat markets. - Sausages were bought. - You would buy so many links, - so we're gonna outline the links. - 123123 So you gently forming s hands as your hands move away from each other. - 123 Sausage number nine toast. - Your non dominant hand is a closed five fingers. - Start together. - Dominant hand forms of bent to in your palm and on the back side of your hand in the palm - on the back side of your hand for toast. - 10 bread. - The handshake we're gonna use is one that I I call an open sea. - It's like the letter C, - but we put our thumb out like this. - Both hands are going to use that hand shape. - It's like, - see, - but put your thumbs out and my dominant hand moves. - I start at my fingernails. - 123 for slice spread. - 123 are moving from my fingernails back towards my wrist. - Bread. - Well, - we can't have bread without butter number 11. - So a flat close five on hte hand shaped to represent my brother. - Knife Butter number 12 muffin to claw hands. - Dominant hand on top and give it a little wiggle as you move upward. - A muffin number 13 is pancake. - This is also a fun sign for people to do. - People usually laugh a little bit as I do this. - I think it's a very cool sign. - Bottom hand closed. - Five flat And here's what you do your same hand shape for your dominant hand to close. - Five Kit. - Give it away. - Go flip it over. - Can't give it away. - Go flip it over pancake. - 14. - We need some tea with your non dominant hand for mercy to represent the cup your dominant - hand. - If you use a tea bag, - you would pick that up by your little paper tab and Duncan in the teacup. - So here, - we're going to do that. - But we're gonna get a circular motion, - and this moves in the same way as you did for coffee. - If you're right handed, - this is moving counterclockwise. - If you're left handed, - it's moving clockwise. - Number 15 Use Forman. - I hand shape. - We're gonna turn the palm towards us. - And your soda drawing a j right from the corner of your mouth. - Juice number 16 orange. - Exactly like the color 17. - With your non dominant hand, - Put up a number one with the dominant hand from a Flatow for the sign for banana. - 12 banana, - 18. - A peach. - Notice when my thumb is for this, - it's underneath my job. - Own my fingers. - Just come down gently to a flat. - Oh, - peach peach fuzz, - peach number 19. - This involves to hand shapes and a movement. - So with your non dominant hand, - you're gonna form a Flatow hand shape. - It looks like this, - but the problem will face your chest with your dominant hand. - Former one. - Put it right here at your chin. - I want you to notice when my palm is facing its not facing to my left It's out and we cut. - Slice the tomato tomato number 20 fruit We're gonna use a letter f at the corner of your - mouth. - Give a little twist. - Fruit 21 cheese. - Your bottom hand is a closed five. - Your top hand is an open five. - I have the heel of my hand against my bottom hand and I'm gonna push just like I'm trying - to squash a mass. - Something in my hand. - Cheese. - 22 chicken. - Exactly like the sign for bird chicken 23 steak. - Non dominant hand is a five. - My fingers are open this time and I'm gonna take what will be a number nine have been a - pinch right here. - And give it a widow steak and 24 fish exactly like you did for the animal fish. - Practice those and we will do a second group of food and drink signs 18. Food and Drink - Part 2: - Let's continue learning food and drink signs. - Number 25 is Turkey, - which you already learned when we did animals. - It's the same sign you're gonna make a G or Q hand shape and tap tap under your chin. - Number 26 is sandwich you're gonna make to closed five hand shapes. - Your dominant hand is in front. - The non dominant hand is closer to your chest. - 12 up to your mouth, - a sandwich. - It's representing the two slices of bread number 27 vegetable. - We're going to make the letter V and with your palm forward first finger touches the corner - of your mouth. - Flip it. - Second finger touches the corner of your mouth. - Vegetable palm out palm in 28 Potato. - This is a two handed sign. - Your non dominant hand forms a fist or an s hand shape that's representing the general - shape of a potato making number to bend it over. - Tap tap representing the fort going in to check a baked potato. - 29 is corn, - and when I teach this sign, - I do have a little bit of fun with it. - There's one version that's a little bit harder, - and that's the one that I do first, - and it usually gives people a few laughs as they stumble along trying to do it. - Make to number one hand shapes and your dominant hand palm is out non dominant. - Hand promise in, - and you're going to move to your non dominant side as both hands twist you already laughing - . - Doing that one. - People have a hard time with that palm out on your dominant hand palm in on your non - dominant hand twist as you moved your non dominant side. - If you're not too happy with that, - there is a little easier way to do corn. - That's also perfectly acceptable. - Make to seize. - Give it a little twist as you head to your non dominant side for corn number 30 peas, - non dominant hand forms of one dominant hand forms and x 1233 peas in a pod number 31 - carrots. - There are quite a few signs for carrots. - I'm going to show you two of the most common science for carrots that will be readily - understood by anybody. - The first, - a carrot, - just like you're biting it off. - The 2nd 1 Put your non dominant hand out just as you did for peas, - making a Put your thumb out a little bit like this and peel the carrot. - Number 32. - Let us. - You're going to make this see hand shape, - but put the thumb out and open sea and with the heel of your hand, - tap tap on the side of your head for lettuce number 33 salad to claw hands, - you're going to have them face each other with the palms up. - My fingers can actually touch their straight on to each other right in front, - and now gently toss the salad. - That's a sign for salad. - 34 Pizza. - There are quite a few signs for pizza around the country. - Not really one standard, - but I'll show you what I think is the most common sign for pizza making open G and not - right in front of you but off to the side pizza, - just like you're picking up a slice of pizza by the crust. - Number 35 soup. - We need to different hand shapes. - Non dominant hand a little bit of a curve here to form the bowl, - your dominant hand making you fingers together. - Curve them a little bit. - This represents a spoon bring it to your mouth twice. - For soup number 36 pie, - form a base here and picture a large V in your hand for the shape of a slice of pie. - And with this hand outline that V cut cut for pie 37 water. - We're gonna use the letter w and tap tap on the chin. - My palm of my dominant hand is facing to my non dominant side. - Don't turn it around like this. - My first finger touches to the chin. - Here's what it looks like from the side tap tap for water Number 38 Coca Cola There are a - couple of science for Coca Cola around the country. - An older sign and one that still used in some areas. - Is this one Coca Cola. - But in some parts of the country that looks a little bit like drugs, - and in some cities in particular, - that signed isn't so popular, - so people will spell see o que e coke and that it's fairly easy to dio. - Once you practice, - the letters flow smoothly from one to the other, - easy to spell, - so that has become common in a lot of places. - For Coca Cola 39 Pepsi. - Pepsi does have its own sign making. - I have the palm facing towards you on your dominant side. - 12 non dominant to your dominant side. - 12 for Pepsi. - Why does Pepsi have a sign? - But we tend to spell coke well, - if you try to spell Pepsi, - you'll see how awkward that feels. - So even for a fluent signer, - this isn't really preferred. - Certainly correct to do, - but we have a sign for Pepsi. - I'm not sure where it came from, - but it's a lot more fun than spelling it for 40 soda or pop with your non dominant hand - form a fist, - but open it up just a little bit. - Create a small hole with your dominant hand. - Remember the number 25 that hand shaped also for gold finger in and top it off finger in - copied off soda. - Pop number 41 Onion making X But make it very tight and right here because when you slice - an onion, - you tend to cry. - 42 Hot dog you learned before sausages. - The links Hot Dog is a single link, - so here is a sign for hot dog. - Here is a second sign for hot dog that you might see in some places. - That's fine. - Also, - we formed the role of the bun here, - and here's the hot dog. - Either one of those is fine. - 43 Hamburger class clasp. - Dominant hand on top, - non dominant hand on top Hamburger 44 not or peanut making a. - Put your thumb out just a little bit and flick it forward not or peanut. - 45 jelly or jam form a basis is representing the bread maken I hand shape and spread the - jelly or Jim on the bread, - one to jelly or jam. - 46 a melon, - Macon s hand shape or a fist like you did for potato with your dominant hand making eight - and thump your fist. - Those of you that live in farm areas or who work around produce. - You know why that's a sign from melon. - You have to thump it to see if it's right. - Been ready. - Number 47 watermelon. - And that's just a simple as it sounds. - You learn the sign for water. - You've learned the sign for melon water Mellon number 48 Ice cream. - Grab the cone and enjoy I scream 49 candy. - Make a number one, - but right here in the middle of your cheek and twist. - It comes from a sign for toothache candy and number 50 gum. - Then you're too Put it right here in your cheek, - rotated forward for gum. - Let's review those signs to give you some practice. - Turkey sandwich Vegetable, - potato, - corn or corn peas, - carrots. - Let us salad, - pizza, - soup, - pie, - water, - coke or Coke, - Pepsi, - soda, - onion, - hot dog, - hamburger not or peanut jelly or jam Mellon watermelon, - ice cream, - candy and gum. - You're ready to practice those in sentences. 19. Sentence Practice - Food and Drink: - for sentence practice with foods. - Here are your 1st 3 sentences. - I'll demonstrate bees. - Then you can pause and take the time you need to practice all the sentences on the page. - Work with them until you feel you can produce some smoothly and you feel somewhat confident - . - Then you'll be ready to move on to the next section. - Senates one. - I want coffee. - I want coffee sentence to I want bacon and sentence. - Three. - I want eggs. - Take note of those hand shapes, - the movement and practice until you feel comfortable. 20. Your First Story: - you're ready to do your first story, - we're gonna utilize the vocabulary that you've used until now. - And in this story, - you're going to use three types of pronouns. - Sentence one My So we need a closed five hand. - Shape my name and you're gonna finger spell your name sentenced to with a one hand shape I - and age. - And then, - well, - you can decide whether to tell your real age for sentence number three I like and you're - going to fill in Ah, - color whatever you decide to use sentence number four I like and feel in an animal from - your vocabulary sentence five I want and fill in an animal from your vocabulary sentence - number six I like And there you can put in, - ah, - food that you've learned sentence number seven I like. - And there you're gonna put in a drink that you've learned Senate's number eight my And here - you're gonna put in someone farm the vocabulary you learned about family could be friend, - Mother, - whatever you decide is named and finger spell their name. - Now we're gonna introduce this third pronoun for Senate's number nine. - We're going to now referred to this person that you've introduced. - If you said my aunt, - now we want to use a pronoun. - She and how do we do a program like that in American Sign language, - you're simply point to the space in front of you. - Usually do that on your dominant side, - though there's not an absolute rule about it. - So if you said my aunt is named and you spelled her name now she is age and put in pro age - for sentence number 10 See has and feeling an animal for sentence number 11. - She once and fill in an animal sentence number 12 See or he whatever you put in likes and - do, - Ah, - food. - And then he or she likes and fill in a drink. - And now you've used all of those pronouns. - He was used vocabulary from the various groups off signs that you've learned in those sets - of vocabulary, - and soon enough you're going to be Do be doing a longer story. - Your second story 21. Verbs - Part 1: - Let's do some verbs. - We've chosen some of the more common verbs that you might need to use and also the ones - that are fairly easy to produce. - But having said that, - the 1st 1 we're going to do maybe the most difficult one of the list, - so I'll take you through the steps. - Number one is run form two L's, - then your fingers. - Make your palms face each other. - Keep your thumbs up front finger spent, - and now put your dominant hand in back your non dominant hand. - Hook your finger around your thumb. - Keep your thumbs up and here's the movement. - Watch as I do this again. - Els. - Bend your fingers, - Turn your palms. - Keep that hand shape, - bent fingers. - Raise thumbs dominant hand in the back with your finger hooking around your thumb and hear - some movement for Brun. - Number two. - Walk and here your hands represent your feet. - Number three jump non dominant hand forms. - A flat surface dominant hand on number two. - Jump number four Dance. - We need a platform with the non dominant hand and the number two, - and here's a movement for dance. - Number five Sing non dominant hand is simply out straight and here with closed five, - we're going to act like a conductor. - Number six Swim. - Obviously, - that sign was developed when breaststroke was popular. - Number seven play. - Remember the color yellow? - Well, - we're going to make that same sign essentially, - but with two hands, - and that's play to wise. - Twist your wrist number eight dr. - Your hand shapes with both hands are S is Put your thumb around here, - not on top, - and move forward and back. - For Dr Number nine to right, - it's just a ziff. - You're holding a pen or pencil and right on the paper. - Number 10 to draw non dominant hand forms A platform. - A close five dominant hand is an I. - And with your palm facing your chest, - move your hand down in this motion to draw or illustrate Number 11 sleep. - We're going to start with a claw hand and end up as a Flatow right in front of the face - down to a Flatow Sleep, - whether you close your eyes or not is optional. - If you're telling a story, - you might want to close your eyes and play the part. - Number 12. - Cook a platform with a closed five and also with a closed. - Five. - Cook flipping something over in a frying pan. - Number 13 toe laugh. - We went to number ones and was simply gonna indicate Smile, - smile, - Smile to equal laugh number 14 to eat. - Make a Flatow hand shape and bring it to your mouth repeatedly for eat. - Number 15. - We want to see hand shape. - Justus. - If we are holding a cup, - bring it up to your mouth twice. - Drink number 16 Read. - Your non dominant hand is a closed five with your palm facing to your right if you're right - handed. - Former number two up and down the page to read and number 17 bike two s hands and alternate - as if you are actually peddling. 22. Verbs - Part 2: - Let's continue with our verb signs. - Number 18 is sit. - Your non dominant hand is going to form an H hand shape. - This is the seat. - Your dominant hand forms an age, - but bend the fingers, - keep them together. - Sit. - One single motion for sit number 19 is count. - Your non dominant hand forms a platform. - A closed five dominant hand is in the F or nine. - Make sure you keep all these fingers up for this hand shape and one to going forward for - account. - Keep the fingers up so it doesn't look like the sign for to write that can easily be - confused. - Count number 20 Paint. - Your non dominant hand is a closed five. - It's forming essentially a wall or a surface. - Your dominant hand is a close five. - That's your paintbrush. - Paint 21 to visit. - You need to be hand shapes and you're going to rotate them. - Alternating. - Going forward. - Visit number 22 to stand non dominant hand forms of platform A two representing your legs - stand very simple. - Stand number 23. - Work two s hands. - Your dominant hand makes contact with your wrist. - At least twice work. - Your palms are facing down number 24 to talk. - We need a forehand shape, - and you're going to use that first finger to tap tap at your chin. - Tap tap for talk number 25 to see you need a V hand shape or a two second finger is right - under your eye and go forward to see that sign was actually brought to us by Laurent Clear - . - It's one of the original French sign language signs brought here. - If you know the French word for To see which starts with a V, - you'll understand why that sign is done that way. - Number 26 to learn non dominant hand forms of platform in a dominant hand is a hand shape - that we call a close claw. - It's like a claw that you learned, - especially some of the animal in food signs, - but we close it down like this. - Start here on the hand, - closed toe a Flatow up near the forehead, - learn the idea is you're taking information from a printed page of book and putting it in - your head to learn number 27. - To study your non dominant hand forms. - A close five. - Your dominant hand is a five and a mitt This way. - Palm down. - Wiggle the fingers. - Study number 28 to teach to learn is take information from a page. - Put it in your head now to teach. - You're gonna take that information and pass it on. - So we're gonna need to flat owes and go forward like we did for the sign for Dr Teach - number 29 to know closed five. - Tap to know. - And number 30 is Don't know which is a contraction. - Do the sign for no and flip it out. - I don't know. - Number 31 like to like something. - Be finishing hand shape is an eight. - We're gonna open this up, - is we Put it on the chest, - bring it straight out. - The palm stays facing your chest the whole time to, - like, - make sure you keep these fingers up to, - like, - 32. - I don't like this also is a contraction. - So we do the sign for like and throw it down. - Don't like number 33. - Want we need to claw hand shapes Palm faces up. - Draw your hands straight back notices No finger movement. - Want number 34? - I don't want this also was a contraction. - So we do the sign for want and then throw it down. - Don't want and number 35 have. - Our hand shape is a close five that we bend over like this. - A closed bent five. - Nice and flat make both hands form the same hand shape. - And here's a sign. - Have I have something we don't use him in phrases like I have to and we don't use it in - expressions like I have been there before. - Think of it as possession. - I have something. - Now you're ready to practice those? 23. Emotions: - emotions and feelings for that first sign for emotion. - Both of your hands will form the letter E hand shape. - Palms will face your chest and now tap your chest as you do this and make an alternating - circular motion forward. - That's the sign for emotion. - As usual, - I start with the most difficult one, - so it'll be easy from here on in number two, - Angry from a claw hand shape. - Angry when you make the sign, - you don't have to look furious, - but you don't want to have a smile on your face. - It should be convincing. - Angry number three hungry. - Ah, - see hand shape. - Put it right here in your chest. - Bring it straight down. - Once hungry, - if you're very hungry, - you don't repeat the motion. - You're just showing on your face. - I'm really hungry. - The sign for hungry Just once. - Number four. - Happy closed. - Five. - Hand shapes. - Two hands and tap your chest, - but go forward in a rotating motion for males, - for signs tend to be done lower for obvious reasons. - And for females, - the sun's done the Sinus done higher for obvious reasons. - Happy, - but you should make contact. - Number five Sad 25 Hand shapes. - Bring them straight down for sad number six Tired. - Both of your hands will form an open sea hand shape. - Contact. - Let them drop. - Here's what it looks like as a contact. - Your chest. - You slept? - Um let your hands fall. - Put them here. - Not close in the middle, - but here, - more towards your shoulders. - Just let them drop tired. - Number seven Surprised VSO Your eyelids opening up surprised and look surprised if you do - this with no facial expression that simply wake up or open your eyes to wake up. - Surprise, - Surprise Number eight Board everyone's favorite sign board. - Yes, - that's really the sign for board number nine. - Afraid two s hand shapes. - Open them two fives as your hands. - Crossover Afraid number 10 Nervous. - Pretty much a natural gesture. - Opened fives. - Look nervous. - Number 11 Excited for this. - We want both of our hands to form a 25 hand shape. - You're going to rotate your hands forward as you've done with a number of signs so far. - But you must make contact with the chest. - Contact contact contact as you move them forward Excited number 12 to enjoy close five hand - shape. - One hand on top one hand below. - Your dominant hand should be on top and in a circular motion to enjoy that one is a - challenge for some people, - sort of like doing this to enjoy. - So have fun with that one and number 13 thirsty. - A number one hand shape and slightly off centre on your dominant side just stroke down with - the flat of your finger thirsty. - Practice those and you'll be ready to do some sentences. 24. Your Second Story: - for your second story. - I need to teach you some new vocabulary first. - How do we say hello? - Well, - you can wave. - Anyone understands that anywhere but a more formal sign in American sign language is almost - like a salute. - Hello. - The sign for born your dominant hand is on the bottom. - Twist your wrist out towards your dominant side. - Born the next time you need is with or life make too well hands your palm faces the body - and bring them right up the body. - Students often have a little trouble with this. - They turned their hands out. - They try to point these fingers at each other. - It's simply to wells that travel right up the body. - Live or life. - The next sign is town or a city or village. - You're gonna make to close fives and tap tap just like that, - as you turn them a little bit, - just representing multiple rooftops of a community town city village. - The next one is favorite. - You need that 25 hand shape. - That second finger taps a chin tap, - tap favorite or preferred. - And now the days of the week six of these days are initialized. - I use the first initial of the English word. - So for Monday, - we need an M. - It's important that you make this M with your fingers straight out like this. - You then turn your palm towards the ceiling and a circular motion. - If you're right handed, - that's counterclockwise. - If you're left handed, - it's clockwise Monday. - If you make a very tight em, - we can't really see these three fingers, - and we're not sure what that hand shape is, - and it may look like a different day. - These should be straight out and together, - but still resting on your thumb because your palm is up Monday. - Tuesday, - we want to see your thumb also palm faces towards you. - Same circular motion for Wednesday A W. - But with the palm facing you Wednesday for Thursday, - this was originally done t h like that. - But today people drop the T, - and it's just in H With that same circular motion Thursday for Friday, - an F hand shaped palm facing you circular motion Friday for a Saturday making s hand shaped - palm faces you circular motion. - And for Sunday, - both hands are fives. - They move out in a circular motion like this for Sunday. - Some people do it like this. - That's a variation, - and that's fine, - too. - So the reason for Monday, - needing to be well formed with these three fingers together and straight out, - is you can see if they're down and tight. - It can look like an s for Saturday, - Like the tea for Tuesday. - It becomes very unclear. - Separate your fingers and it clearly becomes Wednesday. - So that one in particular is one that you have to form correctly for it to be clear. - And now the months of the year. - These are fairly easy because they are finger spelled but with some abbreviations, - some for January J A and for February f E be. - And now for March through July we spell out the whole word and a are see eight for April A - p are I l for may em A. - Why for June J do you and e July J you l Why? - And now back to abbreviations August A you G September has four letters s e p t. - October Oh, - see t November in oh, - be And December the e See, - Lastly, - I want toe teach you how to do a compound number such as a year that might be the date of - your birth when we to, - for example, - the date 1980 if we did 19 80 that's actually two numbers. - The number 19 and the number 80 when we want them to be together as one unit 16 through 19 - are not done with the double shake anymore. - It's a single twist of the wrist 19 80 that makes that one unit and tells us it's one - number of the year 19 80. - So with that, - we're ready to go through your second story, - which is a little longer and will incorporate that new vocabulary. - Senate's number one. - Hello, - my name and you know how to finger spell your name. - Send us to I. - I was born, - and then you want to do the month, - the day in the year. - So if you were born in April 10th 1980 it would be a P are I. - L 10 19 80 Sentence number three I and Age, - and you can put in your age riel or imagined Senate's number four. - I live in the town or city, - and you can spell the name of your town or city sentence. - Number five. - My favorite color and put in a color sentence. - Number six I and we're going to use a contraction. - Don't like we're going to do this as one sign, - like throw it away. - Don't like and put in a color sentence. - Number seven. - I like and pick an animal to dio for number eight. - I don't like and put in an animal Senate's number nine. - We're going to use one of the days of the week, - so pick a day Thursday I and then whatever verb you want to put in dance, - draw sing number 10 a day of the week and I eat and tell us what you eat. - So it could be Sunday. - I eat and put in a food senate's number 11. - Put in a day Monday and then I drink and tell us what you drink. - Number 12. - I enjoy and put in a verb sentence 13 my favorite food and tell us what kind of food you - like. - Number 14 I and put in a profession. - And to do that, - remember, - you used the agent sign, - so if you're a teacher, - then it's teach, - but not with a double pump like we normally do for teach just one, - and then the agent sign. - If you're an artist, - then it's draw plus e agents. - Sign for an artist. - If you're meet musician than music and the agent sign musician in sentence number 15 We're - going to bring in a new character. - So my and put in a sign for a family member or a friend. - So my aunt is named. - Spell the name Number 16. - She remember how we do a pronoun out here. - She is age put in her age. - Number 17. - She or he lives in the town off, - and you spell that town or city number 18. - She likes put in a verb number 19. - She doesn't like and add another verb for number 20 she and put in a feeling she's happy, - angry, - grouchy, - sad and for 21 she and tell us a profession. - Obviously, - you have a limited set of vocabulary for the professions. - You can't do an astrophysicist just yet, - its level one. - So turn your aunt into whatever you want her to be. - She could be a student or a dancer or a driver, - and then you're done with story number two. - So those sentences 21 sentences practice them until you can put it together so that it - flows and it actually becomes a story. - Do it so that it becomes smooth and not halting until it all works together. - And there you be making really good use of the vocabulary that you've learned. - And you'll also be practicing signed production, - transitioning from one hand shaped toe another. - You're really beginning to learn how to use language. 25. Conclusion: - this concludes level one of American sign language. - I hope you found your many hours of study to be satisfying. - Now it's time for me to teach you your final sign. - The sign for goodbye.