All about British garden birds (New birds added regularly) | Mark Shorter | Skillshare

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All about British garden birds (New birds added regularly)

teacher avatar Mark Shorter, DIY expert!

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 22m)
    • 1. British Birds Introduction

      0:51
    • 2. Part 1 - Robins

      9:34
    • 3. Part 2 - Blue tits

      10:05
    • 4. Part 3 - Great tits

      8:32
    • 5. Part 4 - Dunnocks

      6:30
    • 6. Part 5 - Collared doves

      4:59
    • 7. Part 6 - Wood Pigeon

      5:13
    • 8. Part 7 - Common blackbird

      8:40
    • 9. British Birds Common starling

      12:08
    • 10. British Birds Eurasian wren

      8:13
    • 11. British Birds Goldfinch

      6:54
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About This Class

There are over 600 species of birds that live in the United Kingdom. Whether you’re sitting in your garden, walking through a park or even shopping in your local town, you are bound to hear the songs of our feathered friends.

But, if you’re a complete beginner to bird watching, you might not know the difference between a dunnock or a sparrow, or you might not know how to attract a robin to your bird table.

Well, in this course, I’m going to be going through some British garden birds. I’ll talk about how to recognise them and introduce you to each species, showing you their traits and characteristics. Once you know about a bird, it becomes much more interesting to watch.

Meet Your Teacher

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Mark Shorter

DIY expert!

Teacher


Hello, I’m Mark and I love DIY!

For the past 15 years, I have been developing houses,  and in that time I have become an expert in everything DIY. I started out as complete beginner and found out that with a little bit of time and patience, nothing is impossible. If you scroll down through my profile, you’ll find plenty of courses that cover topics not only in DIY, but also in baking and gardening encompassing all my passions.

 

If you click any of the links below, you will have full access to all my courses plus every other course on Skillshare completely free for two months.

 

Here are the courses I have at the moment:

All about British birds: https://skl.sh/31gN27U

5 Easy to grow herbs, sowing, g... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. British Birds Introduction: There are over 600 species of birds living in the United Kingdom. Whether you're sitting in your garden, walking through a park, or even shopping in your local town. Your band to hear the songs of our feathered friends. But if you're a complete beginner to bird watching, you might not know the difference between a donut or a sparrow. Or you might not know how to attract to rob into your bird table. Well, in this course, I'm going to go through some British garden birds. I'll talk about how to recognize them and introduce you to each species, showing you their traits and characteristics. Once you know about a bird, it becomes much more interesting to watch. We'll start with the most recognizable of the garden birds. Can you guess what it is? 2. Part 1 - Robins: Rabin's, you'd be hard pressed to find somebody in the UK who doesn't recognize a robin. The term Robin is actually given to different birds in American Australia. The American Robin is a much bigger bird, more logger threshing size and shape. And the Australia Rabin has black feathers on its head and back. But in the UK, it's the European robin that you'll see fluttering about. The Latin name is Aretha curse, Rebecca cooler. And you might hear people refer to them as Robin red breast. So what do they look like? Robbins or a smallish bird, about five or 600 sheets from head to tail, with brand feathers on their head, back and wings and a whitish belly. And the orangey red breast and face. The orange area is lined with grandfathers. Such a unique appearance may see European robin instantly recognizable. You'll find European robins all over the United Kingdom, all over Western Europe, and even in some areas of North Africa. A lot of people think the robins are winter birds. And this is probably due to the fact that it has a strong association with Christmas. You'll often see Robbins on Christmas cards. But in reality, Robbins Rabat all year round robins are monomorphic. And what this means is that the male and female birds look identical, while they're almost identical. If you saw them side-by-side, you might notice that the females are ever so slightly larger, but it's very hard to tell. There was some birds where the Mao's look different to the females, such as blackbirds. And we call these dimorphic monomorphic just means as one form, whereas dimorphic means there are two forms. Well anyway, Robbins are monomorphic. What do they eat? Robbins or not fussy eaters. If you have one in your garden, you'll often see that there will be one of the first birds on the table every day and we'll scuff pretty much anything on there. They love to eat worms, seeds, fruits, and insects. If you want to encourage robins in your garden, you shall put out things like crush peanuts, sue it, sunflower hearts and raisins. A few mealworm who also go down a treat. They do prefer sitting on some sorts of platform though. Was that will eat from a hanging feeder. They much prefer a table or a feeding dry. Some people manage to tame Robbins. They can become so friendly that with a bit of patience and perseverance, you can get them eating out of your hand. Nesting habits. The Rabin's breeding season tends to start a random by March. But if the winter as being particularly mild, you might see courtship as early as January. Robbins are probably one of the least foresee birds when it comes to choosing a nesting site. They'll make their nest in any nook and cranny they can find beat in a climbing plant, a hedge row, an old tree root, or even a part of logs. Pretty much anything will do. If you want to attract Robin sinister in your garden, then you'll need a nest box that has an open front. You can only find them in most pet shops. Don't go for nest boxes with a little hole in the front, as Robbins preferred the whole front to be open. But quite honestly, even if you're wrong in all Kessler tree, you might find a robin couple moving in. Eventually. The robin's nest is built by the female. She'll gather dead leaves and little bits of mosques to build her cup-shaped Nest. She will also very often lined it with hair. When she's built a nest, should lie one egg every morning until about four to six cream eggs are in the nest. Then she will sit and incubate them by yourself. The Mail provides most of the females food during the incubation period. And you'll see him flying back and forth from the bird table to the NES all day long. If you do get a Robin to nest in your garden, be careful not to disturb them. Robby is can be a bit funny about people looking into their nests. Once you, Robyn thinks his nest has been discovered, she will move aid and abandoned. The female Robin will sit on a clutch of eggs for 13 days when they start to hatch. When each egg hatches, the female will sometimes eat a piece of the shell as it contains a lot of calcium. And then she'll remove the rest of the shell from the nest. You might find an eggshell in the middle of the garden on the floor, not far from the nest. And this means the eggs have hatched. The exit cream with a few Brandel speckles. When the robin chick hatches, they're completely naked and blind. Both parents worked really hard to look after the chicks, flying tirelessly back and forth to bring food to the newborns with joy. Once the baby Robbins reached five guys old, dead, it'll always door to open. And boy, right there completely open. After a few days, the baby Robbins will start to get a few little quills appear on their skin and their feathers would continue to grow until that pretty much covered in feathers, boy die ten. Usually their backs and flanks growth at this first. And then the mosfet is to grow or the flight feathers. Because the flight feathers are the last to grow, they can't fledge the nest until they were about 14 days old. The baby Robbins, once they are feathered, are completely brown in color. They won't get their red breast until around about two or three months old. And this is when they melt. They Yong feathers and the adult feathers grow out. Once the baby Robbins have fletched the nest, they weren't return. That parents will look after their young for about three weeks after they've left the nest. And what usually happens is the male will continue to feed the babies and the female will go and stop omega nu list. A pair of Robin's will usually stay together for one breeding season, and they usually have two or three NIS per year. But it can also be as many as four nests in a single year from early March until light July. Territory. In the winter, you'll often see a single Robin in your garden. And if anyone else tries to common feed, it would chase it away. They're very territorial birds and they usually have a garden or too is their territory. And they would offend the viciously. In the spring and summer, however, Robbins pair up and both birds will defend the territory. The summer territory is normally about twice as big as the wind territory. The robin's red breast is actually a red flag that Professor territorial responsive Robbins. If they see the red breast of another Robin, then they'll usually chase it and fight to the death in order to protect their territory. Most Robbins, therefore, only live for about two years before being killed by rival. Another cause of death in Robbins is a lack of food in the winter. They can lose a lot of body whites in the winter. So there needs to be able to eat a lot if they're going to make it through the following year. Therefore, it's important that if you feed weapons in the summer, that you continue through the winter. And it's actually more important to freedom in the winter when the world food is hard to find. In the summer, they can always find insects, seeds, and berries, but these are scarcer in the winter. In the winter you can feed them fattier foods to help them keep their white hope. Things like cheese, cake, biscuits, and dried fruit is perfect. Some people said the Rabin's disappear in the summer. This isn't technically true there around throughout the whole year. But in the winter, they spend more time in your garden looking for food on the tables. Whereas in the summer there's more water food available. So there's less need for them to visit your garden. If you've got plenty of food as though they weren't wonderful. Sung. Both the male and female Robin sing. They tend to seem to protect their territory and they'll sing only around. Its song is essentially a warning to other Robbins to keep away. Have a listen to a robin song. 3. Part 2 - Blue tits: What do they look like? Pluto, it's a beautiful little bit. They usually run about four to five inches long, so but smaller than Robbins. I always think Bluetooth rather been painted there, so colorful and presses look at Bluetooth have a light blue cap on top of their Whitehead with dark blue lines passing through their eyes and inserting their cheeks and chin. The wings and tails of blue and their back is green. The under party yellow, green. But some Bluetooth's have abrade alone apart than others. And the reason for this is dented their toilet. The more green caterpillars, the BlueJ states, the yellow are the feathers law. The caterpillars contaminate other carotene, which is a pigment that causes the blue tits feathers to be bright yellow. Or another monomorphic bird, meaning the males and females look the same. They have a short body and a short tail. And you often see them clinging upside down to something as they're very agile beds. The Latin name for blue tt's scientists, coeruleus. Both the words mean blue. So basically it's a blue Bluebird. What do they eat? Gluteus love eating insects and spiders. And during the breeding season a forms a huge part of their diet. They will also eat seeds and nuts. And they're very skilled at hanging upside down on branches or bird feeders when they're looking for food. If you feed Bluetooth's in your garden, then you should watch them hanging or block of sewage. They're extremely agile birds. Bluetooths, a very useful both to having a garden. If your cane gardner, they love to eat caterpillars. I feeds in green fly. In fact, a little inset the Moebius join your plant where we devalued by Bluetooth. In a winter, you'll see larger flocks of birds, usually random at four or five, but it can get up to 20 or so. They will also join all the birds, especially great tits in the hunt for food. If you feed in the wall birds in your garden, put our plenty of mix seeds, crush painters, sunflower hearts, and smaller mere words for the Bluetooth kids. They need extra food during the breeding season. Just think fervor to blue teach you see feeding in your garden. There are probably ten by wizard need feeding to some years. I get about eight Bluetooth's in my garden. So I have to make sure that I put out plenty of food support at least 40 babies. It's important to remember that whole painters can be dangerous for young Bluetooth aids because the parents might draw given the whole painter to their babies and they can get lodged in our throats. So just crush them up a little bit before putting them on the table. Nesting habits. But it's a slightly more specific than Robbins about what sort of nests they will raise their young when they were usually nest in a hole in a tree or a wall or even a stump, although they also nest in an S-box. Bluetooth nest boxes normally have a small hole in the front. And if a pair of Bluetooth lock a particular nest box, they will come back and reuse it year after year until they die. They lock a toilet fit, hence the tiny holes on a blue cheese nest box, because it reduces the chance of any predators getting in. The female, Bluetooth tends to build a nest boy herself. She makes a little Cook shape mainly out of moss. You will sometimes see them picking out of garden loans. Then once the basic shape is formed, salon it was soft feathers, fur, and wall. It can take anywhere between a few days to two weeks for them to finish off their nests. Pollutants have a very specific time that they will lay their eggs on luck. A lot of other birds, which will rise several brews of chicks per year. Bluetooth's usually might just one nest and rages one family Asia. If there is a high availability of food, however, they may have to broods. Then like to time their nests so that their eggs hatch at the same time is caterpillars that they eat emerge. The baby blue tits ate a lot of caterpillars, up to 100 caterpillars per day. And keep in mind that most Bluetooth nest have between 1014 babies. Says more than a thousand caterpillars every single die for just want family a Bluetooth ids. The nests are usually built by the end of March and then the female will lie one egg per day for about two weeks. The eggs themselves are about 1.5 centimeters long. And there watch with little Brian speckles. While she's laying the eggs, she wouldn't sit on them. And so she's lived the whole kludge so that they all hatch at the same time. The average nest will have between 514 eggs and the female will sit on them for about 15 days. Female birds developed was known as a brood patch, which is a patch, a featherless skin on their belly. They do this by plucking the feathers out. And that way the a's can be in contact with the bird's skin during incubation. The Moule we usually bring food to the nest for the female. Bush will occassionally leave too great to get her own food. Once the eggs hatch is a full time job, keeping the chicks fed. On average, the parents go in and out of the nest every 90 seconds delivering food to the hungry offspring. Their minds royalties caterpillars, but they also feed their cheeks, other insects or spiders. And they will supplement these with the food that we put out on our Burst titles such as soon it the cheeks live in the nest for about three weeks. And if you imagine that each chip needs feeding about a 100 tons per day, that means a huge amount of Pu. The parents therefore, not only feed the cheeks, but they also constantly remove little poo sex from the Nesta cubic clean. The baby Bluetooth start to get ready for fledging after couple of weeks. And they do so by flapping their wings rapidly. This exercise helps to build their muscles. And once they're ready. Little birds will start to explore the entrance hall to their nest. Eventually the parents were called the onwards from outside of the nest and encourage their babies to jump out. Hopefully they're windsor was strong enough to carry them through the air. Once the baby's fledge, they stay with their parents for a few weeks. But this is the most dangerous period for the young birds as they need to keep an eye out for predators such as spiral arcs, as well as fine enough food to stay alive. Their parents will feed them at first to help them build up strength, and then they have to learn to feed themselves. Pollutants aren't the most adventurous of birds. They usually spent their lives living not far from where they've hatched. When isn't breeding season, they usually live in groups and the flock moves around together looking for food. Territory. Bluetooth living woodlands, hedge rows, the h's of fields, orchards, parks, and gardens. They are fed all over the UK, with the exception of a few northern Scottish halls such as Orkney, Shetland. They are very loyal to where they were born. And rarely will a bird wonder more than a few kilometres from its original place of birth? Because they're quite small birds. They often struggle to make it through the winter if it's particularly cold and food is scarce. So make sure you feed them plenty of fatty foods when the weather starts to get a little bit colder. If you might show you feed the birds before the winter, then they will know where to come when they can't find which wild food. They sometimes Russi nesting boxes in the winter so that they can stay warm and they will also sometimes share the box will the Bluetooth needs so they can keep Beecher. The cosy. Flutes aren't as aggressive or territorial as Robbins, but they can still show territorial behavior. They are usually very alert to each other's presence though. And specific Bluetooth can recognize other individuals. They have a way of crouching down into a threatening pose, especially when they're at a food source. And this is immediately recognized boil the Bluetooths and there were flyaway and white. They're turned to eat at the bird table. During the breeding season. Street to territory's are maintained. But as soon as the breeding is over, Bluetooth scatter into small flux and the territory's disappear. Some pollutants have a very high pitch Trilling song. They sink all year round as a way of protecting their territory or attracting a mate. They also have an alarm call, which they were used to warn other birds, including other species about the presence of predators. Here's what a Bluetooth sinusoid when he sings. 4. Part 3 - Great tits: Great tits. Now what do they look like? Great t2 to the largest tid species in the UK. They can get to about 5.5 inches in length. And like the Bluetooth, have a very distinctive appearance. Their Latin name is Paris major. The word Paris just means that they belong to the tit family. And major means large. Ever black head and white cheeks. The prestige yellow. But there's also a blackbody but the top that comes down from the head and turned into black lines that run down through the belly. The back is olive green and so is the top section of their wings. The low wing, however, is bluish gray with white tips. Just like Bluetooths and Robbins, quite seeds are monomorphic. But only to a point. If you look really closely, you'll notice that the female birds center of a star, a less vivid coloring, and the black people and belly line is more broken and less intense. The color of the mailbox breast is linked to its strength. A mile gravity with a vivid yellow plumage is much more attracted to a female. The reason is because the yellow is enhanced by better nutrition. So it shows that the mouth is very good at finding food. Now, what do they eat? Just like Bluetooth adds, great tits are mainly insectivores that can generate monies larger Priam, Bluetooth's though, and enjoy eating cockroaches, grasshoppers, crickets, lice wings, ear weeks, and Floyd's Beatles, bees, wasps, snails, spoiled is unburied loss. During the breeding season. They prefer to give the young cats pillars, which are rich in protein. In fact, they are so many caterpillars that there was a study, ones that show great tits can reduce caterpillar damage in Apple Watches, box of 50%. In the winter, insects becomes scarcer, so bright did start dried seeds and berries to their diet. You'll see great. It's readily taking painters and sunflower seeds from the bird table. Grapes. It's also join mixed species, flourishing flocks, usually with Bluetooth aids. As a better way of finding food in the colder weather. Morrow is make it easier to spot food sources as well as predators. Due to the larger sois, grantees can tackle bigger food items that smaller birds couldn't manage. They have a hammering technique that they employ, whether hold an item with their feet and pack it with their big over and over until it's ready to eat. By using this technique, they can even get into larger noise such as wounds. And it's the reason they can watch on larger insects like cockroaches. Grantees are also one of the most intelligent garden bird species and can solve problems through trial and error. When people used to have milk delivered to their doorsteps. Great seats as well as Bluetooth's worked out how to break the full cups and get to the cream at the top. Great tits will even kill small mammals like bats, most involves that will continually peck at an animal's head. This isn't common though. And he saw that it only happens when other food sources are scarce. They can also use tools such as conifer needles to extract larvae from holes in trees. Nesting habits, rights, it's a monogamous, so the pair for life winds have chosen a suitable might, a paragraph, cities would choose a territory and then return to it every year. Let's start defending their territory is in early spring, and they will build their nests in a cavity. This can usually be in a hole in a tree or a wall or a rock face, but there will also build a nest box. The female use grass and plant fibers to build a cup shape nest and then launched with Moss, hair, woolen feathers. Great teach usually F2 bruise per year. And the female tensor lie between 512 eggs, but it can be as many as 18. Usually the first necessarily has more eggs and the second nest, the exploit, with reddish brown spots. Just like the Bluetooth. The female would lie one egg per day and one start incubating until that clutches complete. The very clever birds and they will sometimes the lie incubation if the environmental conditions aren't quite right. Fema will sit on the extra byte 12-15 days and the babies hatch out completely on feathered and blind. Virtues babies are born or these are called altricial. On the other hand, virtues, babies hatch out mobile and with fluorophore called precocial. Birds, like chickens have precocial babies, whereas blue tits, great tits, and Robbins have altricial babies. When the baby starts to get their feathers, they are actually the same color as the adults. The same goes with the blue tits. And this is quite unusual for birds. Usually baby birds first feathers a brown and dual, as this helps us top predators from spotting them easily. However, great tits babies have yellow and green for this, just like their Mom and Dad. The only differences is that their feathers are a little dollar unless vivid. But once they have their first molt at about two months old, they get their broader feathers. Walls there in the nest. The chicks are fed by both parents equally. The parents bringing food to their babies. And they also remove any feces from the nested, keep it clean. After about three weeks, the baby birds will fledge the nest and they become independent from their parents eight days after that. However, normally, the parents will continue to feed the babies fruits 25 days after they've left their nest. In fact, the only reason the parents stop feeding the babies of the First Nest is because they will start building the Second Nest. When the babies from the secondary sludge, the parents tend to spoil them anymore and feed them or to 50 days after, which is much longer than needed. Territory. Grantees are found all over Europe, even reaching North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. They occupy a large range of habitats including woodlands, forests, gardens, Scotland's, and even palm groves. It's not a migratory bird. And there were staying close to the territory all year round. Young birds will move away from their parents territory, but not very far. Graduates are very commonly found in gardens and urban areas and they have adapted to living along soil humans that can become quite confident. And with a little patient, they can even be tempted to eat out of your hand. They can be rather aggressive birds, and they will fight off smaller birds from the bird table. Sung. Male, Great, it's sing a lot more than females. They have a lot of different calls and songs, each used for different reasons. For example, they have territorial noises, alarm noises, and cause you've noises, just to name a few. It is often thought the graph does have a large repertoire of songs as a white streak predators. If predecessors here, lots of different signs in a woodland, a moist sand, or there are more birds than there actually are, meaning they are better protected. It's also been shown that the more songs or grated knows, the more successful they breed. This is what a great tits and log when he sings. 5. Part 4 - Dunnocks: What do they look like? I think if all the birds a frequent my own garden, don't accept probably my favorite. The word donor comes from the English word Don't, meaning dingy brown or dark colored. And they're often mistaken for sparrows. They're about the same size as the European robin, measuring it by 5.5 inches in length. They have a brown streets back and a grayish brown on the body. They are also monomorphic, so it's hard to tell the males from the females. Never grayish head and a fine pointed bill. And I think that I just loved the little birds. I do have quite a few more garden and they have funny little personalities. And they're often seen hopping all over the ground looking for morsels to wait. Their Latin lime is a lovely nine pro nella modularize. The word modular is mean singing. And they do have a suite warbling song. What do they eat? Insects, spiders, worms, and seeds. I don't really like going up to height away though. So if you want to attract them in your garden, you'll probably need to sprinkle some food on the floor or invest in a ground feeding tray. The null as adept as eating larger items like a great deed. So you'll need to offer smaller soils food items. They would just about managers, some file sweetheart. But if you give them peanuts, you'll have to crush them up. Smaller sees a better. So things like noise disease would be a good choice. Doesn't accept very shy birds. And in the winter the list solitary lives, only coming together to wheat. See mono spot the donor. Can you garden until feeding time? Because they're so shy, they are an easy target for an aggressive Robin to show why. It's probably because it do next are abet the sinusoids is Robin. So the Robin was see them as a competitor. It doesn't take much to scare away a donor though. Nesting habits. To next have a relatively unique set of nesting habits. The female will often breed with multiple miles. The hierarchy in the mile territory has nothing to do with it though. And the female will Bree with most mousing a territory. This is quite rare in birds, and it's not unusual for the chicks in the sameness to have different fathers. Now to next do try to make sure that the father, at least some of the eggs. What they'll do is peck at the female's cloaca before breeding with a true remove any sperm from another mile. The females do large, keep very busy, and they'll normally breed up to a 100 times a day during the breeding season. This is really useful because when the chicks hatch, multiple mouths will help to care for the chicks. It all depends on how many males are, either a copy that the population is sparse, in which case one male and one female will rise chicks. Or if there are more females than males in a certain area, the mile will breed with all the females and Father all the chicks. But multiple males and one female is most common though. The female donor will build a nest ever plant stems, tweaks, and other plant material. It's usually a deep cup-shaped long with Mohsen hair. And doughnuts usually have two or three bruise per year with about four to five eggs per clutch. Tunic eggs are bright blue and the female will sit on them for about 13 days. When the babies hatch, they are also altricial, meaning they are Nike them blind, and are fed by their parents. Amount Donald will only help with the rising of the babies if he's managed to breed with a female several times. So we can be certain that at least some of the babies are his offspring. Generally, there will be an alpha male and a beta Mile. And the alpha male will follow the female around constantly during the breeding season. Just try and stop any other males from getting near. However, the females will get away from the alpha Mao's known again and let the beater Mao breed with her. By doing these, SHE ensures that both the alpha and the beta MAU will help it to rise. The babies. The babies will flesh the nest after about 11 days for the parents will continue to feed them for a while afterwards. Interestingly, if there is more than one female nesting in the specific area that will help to raise each other's cheeks as well as their own territory. Donna, she usually found close to the ground, shuffling around in nervous movements, looking into vegetation for something two weeks. They much prefer to stay undercover rather than commonality to open areas. You'll find them in all sorts of wooded areas, as well as in gardens, parks, hedge rows and shrub land. They're quite territorial and will fight or the birds that come too close to their nesting sites. They will usually share a territory with other drugs though. But there is a dominance hierarchy. Usually there are more males and females in a territory. And the Mao's work together to protect and defend the territory. Sung. Deluxe have a high pH. Rapid warble is quite a persistent note at all if people don't appreciate the honor song, but I do. I try hard and produce a fastboot, rather flat sale from their low damp purge. It only lasts for a read three seconds, but they'll do it again and again. Usually the start singing in January and will do so until the breeding season ends innovate July. Ever listened to a deluxe singing? Yes. 6. Part 5 - Collared doves: Collared dove. The Colorado's Latin name is stripped to Paleodictyoptera. The word strip toss actually comes from Greek, and it means color. Was Pinellia means dove. Strange to know the word defacto actually means 18. The name actually comes from a Greek myth. Apparently a maid was unhappy that she was paid just 18 pieces a year. And she begged the gods to let everybody know how mean and mysteries was in Pangaea so little. So zoos created a collared dove, which flew around singing defacto, or 18 ever since. What do they look like? The collared dove is by 13 inches long from the tip of its B to the tip of its tile. It has grayish pink feathers and a black half color around its neck. And it usually has a bit of white in it to its legs or read, and then its beak is also black. These once again are monomorphic birds, so the males and females look the same. But the young birds don't develop their different color, color feathers until their first molto. What do they eat? We'll call it those log to weed, seeds, grains, buds, and shoots. That were confident birds and they will happily for identity bird toggling a garden. If there's plenty of food available, you'll see large flux begin to form. I have a flock overrun by 14 colored dozer visit my god most days, but flock sizes can vary. So sometimes between 1050 birds can be spotted. But even flux orders of 10 thousand birds have been spotted before. Nesting habits. Colorado's tend to breed wherever food is most abundant. So this very often Maser. They end up breeding close to human habitation. Love most pigeons, doves, colored dosed lie just to white eggs and an S built from sticks. The mail will bring the female the tweaks and grasses for to arrange in a simple platform nest over by three days. And there were usually use the same nest for multiple broods, right? The year. The female will sit on the age during the day and the male will sit on the noise. The incubation period lasts for about 14 to 18 days, and when the chicks hatch, they're covered in soft down. There's no Sit Tom Review and the colored dose will breed. It just happens throughout the year as long as food is available. Normally three or four clutches per year rised to attract or might the mouth of Max's cooing call about a dozen times. Then he will fly straight upwards, clapping his wings. And then when it's descent, his prejudice towns bows down to the same perch. All of this is to display himself to a female dove. Once pair is formed, the mail will show the theme of some potential nesting spots. The nest spots tend to be the tops of trees or shrubs, or building ledges or even bits of guttering. The eggs will start hatching after between 1418 days of incubation. And then the young doves are fed, bought both parents. Young dogs, like most pigeons and DOE species, are fed a special crop milk that the parents regurgitate. Now we're ready to place the nest from our end where 15 to 19 days old. If the windows are reluctant to leave the nest, which they occasionally are, the parents will refuse to feed them and sits on a branch not far from the nest. But once the baby does get hungry, they normally when she arrived in windows, can't fly very well straightaway. So they're normally wonder by the forest floor for a few days and hide from predators until their wing muscles get stronger and the parents will flow down to feed them. Territory. Colorado's quite widespread. Today can be found all over Europe and Asia. They are also found all over the USA, although they were introduced by accident in the 19 seventies. In fact, the only came to the UK in the 19 fifties after this artist has spread to Europe from the Middle East. But neither a very common sight. Color does, do normally rearranged pairs. But if there's plenty of food available, you will see large flux dot form. Sung. The collared dove has a soft song and it's often mistaken for a cuckoo. But this is what a collared dove actually sounds like. Yes. 7. Part 6 - Wood Pigeon: Wood pigeon. For some reason, would pigeons or Columbia Columbus on the most popular birds. I know a lot of people who actively discouraged them from the garden and by pigeon proofreaders. I don't know why though, are we law would pidgins, I have three that visit my garden every day and I found them very funny to watch their big, cumbersome and not the brightest buttons in the box. But do make me smile. When they walk around in the ground, it almost looks like the whirling. So what do they look like? The wood pigeon is a large bird. I rant about 17.5 inches in length, and people can often mistake them for the common pigeon or by its proper name, the roped off. But they do look a little bit different in a few ways. Would pigeons are a grey bird with a pinkish breast and they have a Walton green patch on the side of their neck. This is yet another monomorphic bird, but younger birds don't have the net patches, which they're gang gradually over about six months. Younger birds also have a great week rather than orange be clock the adults. The wool pitching can often be heard just as much as they are seen. Because when the takeoff from a tree, they are so noisy. They cluster around and their wings clap together like a whip. If you get some wood pigeons in your garden. After a while, you probably noticed that that become a little bit more time and won't fly off as soon as I see you like all the birds do. The three of the visit more God and wonder, bite on the lawn and workflow y, even when my dogs walk up to them, adopt the so used to the pigeons now that they just learn a grand balsa wood pigeons walks right past them. What do they eat? Well, would pigeons will eat pretty much anything you put out for them. You will see them in the countryside and farmland eating crops such as cabbages, sprites, peas and grain. I suppose this is why they are so unpopular. They also enjoyed eating buds, shoots, and berries. But in your garden, deletes any season notes. And I'll find that I have a particular fondness for painters and digestive biscuits. Nesting habits. Would pigeons build a very simple Stick Nest, which is more like a platform rather than something elaborate. They'll usually build their nest in a tree, in a woodland or a park, or sometimes even in your garden. And the fema would lie to white eggs. During the breeding season, you'll spot miles acting aggressively towards each other and they jump at each other and flap their wings to show their dominance. Just like the collared dove would, pigeons will breed all year round if there's plenty of food available. But the most common time for breeding is in August and September. Wood pigeon Center have two or three per year and both parents take turns with the incubation, which lasts around about 19 days. Once the baby pigeons hatch, they're covered in a really soft down and the parents feed them on a special crop mill, just like all those and pigeons. It comes from the adult birds crop lining and it's even much richer than cows milk. Baby would pigeons are usually able to fly by roundabout 33 days. However, they will sometimes live in as much earlier. Baby PGMs as youngest 20 days holes have been known to leave the nest, and usually it's through falling or having being disturbed, there will be absolutely fine. They simply wonder a bet on the floor and hide under shrubs. The parents will continue to feed them, even enter the nest. The numbers don't move far from where they were born. And the most they'll move is around about ten miles away. Territory. Will preaching is a very common sites in parks and gardens. And they are also very commonly heard there, so cumbersome that you can often hear them cluttering gigabytes in the trees. They fed all over Europe and even some parts of Western Asia. And in the UK, they are becoming more and more common in towns and cities, as well as in the countryside. There were pigeons, they're very gregarious bed and I can form extremely large flux. Some double peaches call is very similar to collared dove, But it's a little longer. Take a listen to the word pigeon sung. 8. Part 7 - Common blackbird: The common Blackbird. Finally, we have the first dimorphic bird. That is the Mao blackbirds look different to the female black birds. Come a blackbirds are actually a type of Thrush and they are a very common sighting UK gardens. What do they look like? Well, the blackbird or Tyrtaeus morula, which literally means Blackbird thrush, is about 11.5 inches long with a long tile. The adult mile has glossy black plumage with brown legs, a yellow wiring, and an orangey yellow beak. Sometimes in the winter, the bill dark and slowly. The adult female on the other hand, is a Sochi Brown with a yellowish brown bill, a brownish void throat, and a little modeling on the breast. The young blackbirds resembled the female with the young miles getting their black feathers after about a year. What do they eat? Or blackbirds or omnivorous, meaning that they will eat insects and seeds. Pretty much any insight is considered food. Along with earthworms are snails. You'll see flappers rustling through leaflets or looking for invertebrates to munch on. The lever needs small amphibians like tadpoles or even young frogs and toads. During the breeding season, they much more animal prey, also collecting catalysts to feed to the young, as well as insects. Blackbirds love berries and seeds and will readily stop off a well stop bird tables. Nesting habits. Maya blackboards attract females with a coach you despite a running head bearing and singing. Once the parent has been established, that will remind together for life and we'll breed every year. Usually breeding starts randomized March, and the pair will look for a suitable nesting site, usually in a bush or an evergreen climber. Sometimes the birds will necessary shed or an air building on a ledge. The nest is might've grasses, leaves, and vegetation, and it's all band together with a bit of mode. The female builds a nest alone, and once it's finished, she would live three to five bluish green eggs, which have ready she Brian speckles on. The eggs are incubated by the female for about 12 to 14 days. And where the chicks are born, they are altricial, meaning that they are Nike them blind. Both parents will feed the young and they are ready to flesh the nest after about ten to 19 days. Flappers on grids at hiding their nests on lots and lots of other bird species. So a lot of the chicks, n doping kilowatt predators, wars, the chicks leave the nest, the parables will continue to feed them fructose three weeks. Sometimes a fema will decide to start another nest once occurred by bees have left, in which case, the myeloma will continue feeding the first brewed. If the first brood hatched and fledged successfully, the female will simply reuse the same nest. Otherwise, you will build a new one. Territory. The common Blackboard can be found all over the UK, all over Europe, North Africa, South Asia, and the Canary Islands. You'll spot these burrows in woodlands and dense undergrowth in parks, or also in hedge rows. That also happen to live in a garden if there is plenty of food available. The Miao Blackbird is very territorial and he will defend his breeding territory. Fights between miles or comments see, and they can get very violent. The female blackboards can also be aggressive, especially when they're looking for a good nesting sites. The fights between females, however, are a lot less frequent, but there are a lot more violent. A male and a female Blackboard will come together in breeding season and share a territory. But out of breeding season, they'll usually remaining the same territory, but they'll occupy different areas of his song. Let us have one of the more beautiful songs of an IC. If birds, the males song is a pitfall oboe, which they will sing from an elevated perch, usually between March and July. As well as the song. They have various along cause to one authors about predecessors. But sometimes the Mao buffers will, might force along calls to detail or the Mao blog posts from coming too close to the territory. The alarm calls can vary, depends on whether the threat is on the ground or in the sky. Blackbirds just loved to sing. And even when it isn't breeding season, the mouse can be has singing quality to themselves. Okay. 9. British Birds Common starling: The comment Starling. The common styling, or str1 is vulgar race is probably one of the noisiest garden birds. This is another species that you either love or hate. I have a particular fondness for them because they have such characters. And they are very family-oriented. They're extremely clever birds, so you can afford to watch them go about their day. What did it look like? The common starling is about nine inches long with a fairly short tail. Their plumage is iridescent black with flecks of glossy Purple and Green throughout. There, more or less monomorphic. But the miles on deposits are generally less spotted in the females. Additionally, the mouth throat feathers are longer and looser than the females. They have a narrow conical bill, which is yellow in the soma and brining the winter. They also tend to be a lot more spectrally in the winter. Stalin's goes through a moat after breeding season, usually in late summer. And the winter plumage has white tips, and this is what gives them their spectrally appearance. Starlings move about by walking on the ground or even running, rather than hopping log. A lot of other birds. There are very strong flyers and a very agile in the air. If you look in CLRS flock of starlings, you'll be amazed, just had a flowing unison forming a compact mass. What do they eat? Common starlings are mainly insectivores. The spiders, Floyd's crime, Floyd's moths, my Floyd dragonflies, damselflies, grasshoppers here, weeks like swings, carries Floyd's Beatles, bees, wasps, and dance. In fact, anything that moves is a target as long as it's small enough. They will also earthworms, snails can small amphibians, Moore's Law, blackbirds. These a lot of insects, but they are in fact omnivores. So there will also be grains, seeds, and fruits if he's around. Solids tend to forage close to the ground, taking insects from the surface. If you watch them carefully, you'll see them on the loan probing the grain randomly over and over until the font and infinite to eat. If you look extra carefully, you can see exactly what's going on. What's the program with their beak? They opened their big boy to make the whole wider. As well as probing. You'll see Stalin's carry out hunting techniques called Hawking. This is where they capture flying insect stripe from the air. It takes younger bows quite a bit of time to learn these feeding techniques so that doit tensor consists more of seeds and berries than insects. Was the master the techniques, they will become much more insectivores. Nesting habits. The nesting habits, the starlings is quite different to that of the other birds we've been looking at so far. To begin with, unpaired miles will find a suitable cavity and start to build a nest with the hopes of attracting a female. They will even decorate the nest with things like flowers and green leaves. Although the flowers look pretty, it's thought that the starling uses them, morph their fragrance as it was of parasitoids. Once a female's disordered, that ns is acceptable, show moving and throw out the flowers and leaves. It's also thought that certain hubs and decorative materials acts as an attractive sent to the females. Well, somehow starlings build a nest, they seem to themselves. And when a female approaches the singing volume increases. Once the male and female have MTD, they will both work together to finish off the nest. They usually built inside hollowed trees or trees, tombs, but they will also use nest boxes. To build a nest. The starlings used materials such as straw, draw grass and tweaks. And then lot many birds that we'll learn in this with feathers, woolen, soft leaves. Stalin's never seemed to be happy with ns, and it takes about five days to build. But they continue fixing it up throughout the whole incubation period. Starlings living colonies, usually a pebble work together to build a nest, but they may have an extra helper. There are often several ness and the sign trade or nearby trees. Amal stalling might start off with one female. Then while she's sitting on the eggs, hemo breed with a second female. The Second Nest, however, tends not to be as successful as the first nest, perhaps because it hasn't had the attention to detail. The success of the firstName is also higher if the Mao reminds monogamous and focuses attention on one next rather than to. The female starling will lie wanted per die until she has a nest of five. The eggs are normally PI or blue, but they can also sometimes be white. The Jacobite 13 days to hatch, and both parents will share the ink biting duties. The female does take more responsibility though, and the Mayor will never sit on the nested noise. Driven the noise. When the females are on the nest, the mouse will return to a communal routes to sleep. Diary starlings are born Nike them blind, but the developer loyal, fluffy down within about seven days. They can then see by the age of nine days old, be Stalin's time, the NES robot three weeks and are fed continuously by both parents. Once the buyer is leave the nest, the parents will carry on feeding them for a week or two. Most G is a pair will realign and then reuse the same nest and rear up to three brutes. The juveniles will melt after about two months, but they don't get their adult colors until the following year. The unusual thing about Starling's is that not every female ins are paired with a mouth in the colony. These so-called floaters will lay their eggs in another place, nest. Territory. Starlings can be found all over the northern hemisphere. And they had been introduced into lots of countries where they are now considered pests. In New York, for instance, in 1990, and ornithologists released 60 Stalin's into Central Park. Those 60 solids have now become a 150 million starlings, which are spread all over the USA, Canada, and Central America. Most of the starlings in the UK are resident and never leave us. But a population tends to doubling the winter when starting from the colder countries of Europe, flight to the UK to find food. Stalin's do sometimes mark right. For instance, some starlings who typed in UK is young birds were found at different times of the year in countries such as Russia, Poland, Norway, and Sweden. In the UK, Stalin's preferred sustain urban or suburban areas where the buildings and trees provide plenty of routing sides. They also enjoy large fields, which is playing fields, golf courses, and airfields, where the shorter grass makes it easier for foraging. Common Stalin's up very gregarious and will form huge flux, especially in the autumn and winter. Such big flux are thought to be a defense against attacks from birds of prey. If you have a million birds in your flog, the chances of you getting eaten boil Hawk is a lot less than if you belong to a flock of just ten birds. Flocking starlings is called the admiration. And you'll often see thousands of birds flying in formation in the sky. Then we resolved that one large mass, and it's an amazing sight to see some common styles of very noisy birds. But the man is the mind Singer. The various mimics and will often still bits of songs from other birds and even man-made noises. Because of this, individual birds end up developing their own repertoire of noises. Mousing constantly as the breeding season approaches. But once the pairs of bonded thou thing less often, the unpaired mal seem to impress females. Once they build their nest, they'll fly back to the entrance when they spot a fema and start singing loudly. The older miles, or does he have a more complex repertoire of songs than the younger males? And females seem to prefer mouse with the most complex sums. This may be because it shows that the mail is more experienced and as better longevity. So we'll be good to have as a father for her chicks. Female Stalin's will also sing, but much less often. And the only time the mouse don't sink is during the molting period. As well as singing starlings have a lot of calls. They have alert calls, thread calls, attack holes, flop calls, and they also chatted to each other while roosting. 10. British Birds Eurasian wren: The Eurasian rain. The rain is one of Britain's smallest birds. It's not quite the smallest. That award goes to the goal crest, but it is the shortest. There are actually over IT species of running total. But the Eurasian red is the only one found in the UK. Sweet tend to just call it a rain. A little factoid that may surprise you is that the rain is actually the most common Wallberg in the UK. They aren't nearly as easy to spot as a big old wood pigeon or even the little sparrow. But there are about 8.5 million pairs of reigns in the UK. What do they look like? The Eurasian ran. Oh boy, scientific name is chocolate lights toggled voids. That name comes from the family name, chocolate IT die. And that's derived from truck Luddite, which means cave dweller. Rents get their scientific name from the tendency of some species to forage in dark crevices or to roost. The rent is another monomorphic bird. It is a very small bird and measures less than four inches in length. It's completely Brown, but they have borrowing on the wings and tail and some gray patches on their breast. The bill is dark brown and the fetal pile brand. You'll see them hobbling closely, grant, when they're foraging for insects. And they creep or climbing short birth. Their flaws is quite swift, but I can't go very far. They tend to just flutter between bushes. What did they eat? Renzi, mainly insectivores in lots of small insects and spiders. In the winter dilate large pupae to gain weight and eliminate some seeds. You might see them clambering around your garden, which will very rarely see them on a bird table. They have a long thin bill that they used to probe into crevasses on the lookout for insects. Nesting habits. A mile ran will build around six or seven different globe shape nests, and then the female will choose one. The thermo then lawn the NES with some soft feathers on wall. The mile MAX NSA, the grass, Moss and leaves. And it shows the talks into a hole in a wall or when a tree trunk or even a cracking Iraq. Iran will also use a nest box, but they do prefer them to be slightly hidden by a bush or overhanging branch. The fema will then lie between five and I tanks, which are wise with little brand specs on. It usually happens in late April, but they normally will have up to two clutches per year. Normally one mile will have more than one female in one of his 607 nests. It's usually too, but up to four females have been known to be with warm male. The female sits on the eggs for by 13 to 18 days. And then once the chicks hatch, both parents will feed them. Baby Wrens are ready to leave the nest after about 15 to 20 days. And the parents will continue to feed the fledgling for a week or two after they've left the nest. Territory. Uranium Randy's found all over Europe and some parts of Asia. It's found in virtually every part of the UK. But his preferences delivering coniferous forests. Even though it's an insectivore, it can survive in snowy climbers by foraging, embark on foreign logs for insects. The rain is so tiny that it know it, especially in the winter, a launch to roost with other rents so they can keep each other warm. It's not uncommon to find ten or so birds hiding out in a nest box. The biggest number of Wren's found routing in a single nest box is 60. Sung. For such a tiny bird duration when male has a very loud and long song. In fact, if the room with the size of a Cochrane, it some will grow. And if you've ever been woken up, you can imagine how definitely is most noticeable in the spring, but it can be heard in any season. Mao was seen from an expose purge and the amount of effort required to make the song causes its whole body to quiver. That song is very complex and includes lots of fancy thrills and full clear notes. 11. British Birds Goldfinch: Gold fringe, the European gold fringe or the car do list car duly. He's a very pretty finch with a very pretty some practices. What do they look like? The Gulf finches, instantly recognizable. It has a red face with a black and white head. Never chestnut Brian back with a white underbelly. The channel wings are black, with the wings having a striking yellow bar across the middle. Conventions tend to be about five inches long. The mouse and famous are very similar in appearance. But if you look really closely, you'll notice that the males have a red face that stretches behind the rise, whereas the females read five stops at the noise. After the breeding season is over Gulf and just go through a molt and they appear less coliform. What do they eat? Well, go finches are famous for the seeds of Thasos and T-cells, have long bills which are perfect for getting the seeds out of brain prickly seed heads. They do lot those sorts of smaller seeds. So if you want to attract them, GO garden, you should try putting gates from knowledge precedes. Noisy seeds are absolutely tiny, but you can't get a special feeder. They'll stop them blowing away. They also log eating dandelion seeds, grains, oil seeds, and even Lunda. When they have babies, however, they will feed them with little insects to give them extra protein. Nesting habits. Don't fringes nest or Bill entirely by the female, and it takes about a week to complete. The MAU will hang about whilst the female builds the nest, but it doesn't help us draw. The lesser compact, cup-shaped bowl and a mindset of moss, law, can, and grass. It's then lined on the inside with wall, soft feathers and even soft damn from plants like this isn't dandelions. The nests are usually attached to the tree branches with spider silk. The fema will lie one egg per die, usually in the morning, until approach of between 46 eggs is formed. X awash with reddish brown speckles. The female will sit on the extra by 13 days and the Mao help say Boy feeding her. Once the chicks of hashed, they are fed by both parents. When they're very young, the parents feed them a mixture of insects and seeds. But as they get older, they start to focus more on seeds. When the numbers first hatch, they are bridged by the female to help keep them warm. But as they grow their own feathers, this isn't as necessary. The chicks leave the nest after about two weeks or so, where the parents continue to feed them for further nine days. The human all Finch users gold gray Brown's collapse. But again, they're beautiful. Chapter the first mode is a pair of Gulf to bruise. But occasionally there were raised three brutes. Territory. The Gulf hinge, or more specifically the European goal fringe, since there is a different species called the American goal fringe, is nice enough to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. The loudly when impartially wooded areas, including orchards, parks and gardens. The quote, sociable birds, and they live in loose colonies. There can sometimes be up to a 100 birds in a single flock. And if they visit your garden, they can overwhelm your bird feeders. You'll also see them extracting seeds from thes's and Hazel's, their favorite food. Song. Go finches have a pretty song. It contains lots of trills and whistles. Mousing less Psalms was they swipe from side to side in attempt to impress a female. People often describe the Gulf in strongest sending log silk or liquid because it's so fluid. The Victorians kept goal fringes in their homes just so they could listen to that sweet song. Okay. So.