Transcripts
1. Introduction: Hi there. I wanna welcome you to this Absolute Beginner Guitar. Listen easy, step-by-step module two poles. I hope you have gone through my model, one of beginner level before coming into this module two of being a liberal. If you haven't yet checked my model, one of beginner liberal than I would like to request you and recommend you to check my model one or beginner level. You can search through my name that is privileged Jenna. Or you can search through the courts Nim, that is Absolute Beginner Guitar listen EG, state-by-state Module one. Or you can go to my profile where you can search all my courses there. Now let me tell you what we're going to learn in this module two of beginner limit, we are going to learn basic music theory. When I'm saying basic myths, very basic music theory without which we can't learn anything in music. Because without music theory, neither we can understand music nor we can communicate anything in music. For an example, if I say this song isn't key of C, or if a say single one to sing this song 1% higher than the original key of the song. We can only understand this if we know the music theory. There are a lot to learn in music theory, but this model will cover all the basic essence you'll music till we need to know in beginner level. Similarly, when we go to intermediate level, we'll be learning intermediate level music theory. And when you go to advanced level, will be learning at once level music theory. But as of now, let us learn basic Music Theory. Thanks for watching and hopefully see whether said.
2. Note Circle: I hope we all know English alphabet. And the sequence of English alphabet like a, B, C, D E, F G, H I, J K L M N O P Q RSD will be wx. Why it's love you. Ok, so these are the English alphabet. So this is what exactly we are going to learn here too. But these alphabetized called musical alphabet and the sequence of this musical alphabet, a, B, C, D, E, F, G. That's it. Total seven liters. We need to remember, okay, so now let me draw the node circle, which is very important and this is the basic foundation of complete theory of music, irrespective of any instrument we play. Okay, so we just need to understand this clearly. This is very important concept. We just need to remember this lifetime being MUDs here. Okay? So let us learn the node circle. So as I said, it is a, B, C, D, E, F, G. Okay? So now let me draw the node cycle. So this is exactly the node circle, okay? So we just need to remember the circle. Ok? So this is the direction we follow. Okay? So this is called up direction and this direction is called down. Okay? So hope you remember this direction is called up and this direction is called Town. Ok, so now let me explain this circle. Okay, so first we have a, then B, then C, then D, then we have E, Then we have F, then G, then back to a again. So this is the circle we need to follow. Okay? A, B, C, D, E, F, G, back to a again. And also sometimes we need to also remember the downwards, okay? So this direction also we remember a, G, F E, D, C, B, a. Okay? So I'll tell you later why we need to remember this descending order, okay, so that's very rarely we use, but we need to remember in that way also, okay, that we apply sometimes, okay, when it comes to sifting or transposing any notes or scales. Ok. But now concentrate will be, will be following these directions. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, a. Okay? In music, we have total 12 notes, okay? Now you can see it is just seven nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G, H. I still need to tell you another five nodes. But before that, let me tell you. So these seven nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G a, R called Natural Node. Okay? We just need to remember these are called natural nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G, H. So these notes are called metal nodes. Okay, now let me tell you another HIV notes. So these notes are called self or flat note, okay? And we symbolize serve. Like this. This is called sub symbol and is small b. And small b is tat symbol. Okay? So these another five notes which is remaining, These are called sub or a flat naught. So this is how we are going to write the symbol of syrup and flat. Okay, so now let me explain you. What are these five SAR for flat nodes. So between a and B, we have a node called a serf or be Platt. Ok, so this is one note. We call ASR or be Platt. Ok. Going further, in one lesson, I'm going to tell you what is served and what is flat. Ok, but now let us concentrate in node circle, okay, then between a and B we have a SAARC or B flat, okay? Between B and C, We don't have anything. There is no nodes between B and C, Okay? Now, between C and D, we have OneNote is called CSRF or D flat. It's called csev or D flat. Okay, see self, csev or D flat, okay? And between D and E, we have D serve or E flat, okay? Between e and f, there is nothing. Okay? Between f and g. We have if serve or G flat. Okay. Between G and we have G serve or a flat. Okay. So it is a sauropod may Fred receives one note, two note, three note for note, and five-note. So total five, sorry, or flat note and seven natural note. So these are the 12 nodes we are having in the whole world of music, Okay? And till date, whatever song had been composed or incoming future, what are the songs we're going to compose? Songs, or any t1 or any melody line, okay? Or any music I will say, Okay, everything within this 12 nodes, so there is nothing beyond this 12 notes, okay, it looks like it's only 12 notes, but it's an OS and inside. So I hope you can understand, you know, till date whatever music had been completed within these 12 nodes, there is nothing beyond these 12-note in the whole world of music, spective of any language or any instrument. Ok, so these are the 12 nodes we need to remember lifetime and this circle specially, okay? A, B, C, D, E, F, G, a literal notes. And between a and B, we have a sub or be split between B and C. We don't have anything between C and D. We have C sub or D flat between D and E, we have deserved or E flat between E and F, We don't have anything. And between f and g we have Fs are G flat, between z and a, we have G sub or a flight. So this is exactly the node circle. I hope you have understood just one thing to remember between B and C, We don't have any note between E and if we don't have any node, ok, you can remember in this way, be it face, okay, bake at eight fees in-between. There is nothing. When a beak editor eating fish, there is no one in between. You just need to remember in this way if you want, if you actually want to memorize it easily, this is a tapes I'm giving you beak at IIT fees. When a beaker is eating fish, there is no one in-between. Okay? So you just need to remember in this way other than that, to summarize DataNode circle, it is a, B, C, D, E, F, G, a, R. The natural nodes we have, and in between a and B we have a node called a sub or B flat. And in between B and C, there is nothings between C and D. We have C sharp or D flat, between D and E, we have d-separated flat, and from E to F there is nothing between f and g. We have f of x0 plus between z and a, we have Z sub or a flight. So this is all about the notes circle. I hope you have understood. And this is very easy to memorize. And I hope when I have learned beautifies time, whenever drawn this particular node circle, it means till date, I have never forgotten that circle. Okay, I hope this is going to apply in your case also, you will be able to easily recall whenever actually going further, whenever we are learning the other theories. And this is very much important. This is the basic circle. This is the basic music theory we need to remember to go ahead and learn other music theory, OK, without this particular node circle, we can never learn anything further in music theory and practical. Okay, so thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
3. What is Tone & Semitone: In this lesson, we're going to learn what each tone or whole note and what is semitone or half note. Some places people call it Stone, and some places people called whole note. Some places people call semitone, and some places people call hop node. Ok. So whether it is your tone or whole note, it's same thing, whether it is semitone or half node, it's same thing. Ok, so now let me tell you what are these tone or a whole note and semitone or half note, okay? Both these terms describes the distance between two nodes. If it is one step, then it is semitone or hop node. If it is two states than it is tone or hole going further when you are going to learn chord scales and other music theory digit the basic terms we are going to use most frequently. So please understand this concept clearly. As I said, both these terms describes the distance between two nodes. So the distance between a and E sub yz, one-step distance between a and b is two staves, okay? So this is exactly, we need to understand distance between a and E sharp or B flat is just one step. Distance between a and B each two steps, but distance between B and C is one step. It is not two steps because we don't have anything in between b and c. We have to remember this. This is where exactly people do mistake to calculate. Ok? So between distance between B and C is one stiff, and distance between e and f is one step, okay? Distance between B and C sharp or D flat is too stiff, okay? B, C and C Suppe, D flat, two steps, okay? So distance between C and D, the distance between C and D are two staves distant between C and C sharp or D flat is one step. Okay, so this is what exactly we need to remember. Now I hope you have understood what is tone or a whole note and what is semitone or a half node, okay? Both describe the distance between two nodes. And as I have said, clearly distance between a and asap or B-flat is one step. Distance between a and b, it is two steps. So if it is one step, then it is semitone or hub node. If it is two staves than it is tone or whole node, okay? And same way. And one more thing we need to remember. So between B and C, it is one step, so it is a half note or semitone distance. And between E and if the distance is just one step, so it is called semitone or half note, okay? But distance between a and B, distant between c and d, distance between D and E, F and G distributed G and a tone, whole note, okay? Because in-between we have 11 note, okay, so these are all semitone, okay? These are all semitone to each other. So I hope this is clear still, if you have any query you can write down in the discuss on six and I'm going to replay as soon as possible. So thanks for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
4. What is Sharp & Flat notes: In this lesson, we are going to learn what is self and what is planned. So now let us understand this practically. So if I say, Sorry, what is stuff? See, if you see here is sharp or B flat. We are saying this is one note, one note, but we are telling in two way, we're calling asap or be fled. Okay? So when to say, when to say D flat, okay? When we say a serpent, when we'll say B flat, so generally just means a note moved up by one semitone or hop node. If flat just means a note moved down by one semitone or hub node. So now let us apply that. Okay, so if I say a song is in key of a and single one to sing the song, hub skill, or a half note or one semitone upper than the ordinal scale or nil key. So that means one skill upper, as I said before, this is, this direction is upwards and this direction is downwards, okay? So upper, one semitone or one-hop node apart then the OR is milky means. We'll call these ASR. Okay? Ended if his song agent key of B and single one to seeing hub node or one semitone down, then the original key that is B, that time we'll call this naught is, so this is downwards wins the original key. If it is b, one semitone down means it is be plat, so from this side, if you are going Okay, if it isn't, we're going down set, then we'll call it a flat. If you're going if you are coming up. Okay. Then it is serve. I hope you have understood. If we are moving this side, then we'll use this node, okay? We'll use sub node if we are moving this side. Okay, downside, that means we will be using toms is flat. Ok? So B flat is one semitone down then B and a selfish, one semitone apart, then a. Ok? So we just need to remember this. Ok? So same wave, the C sharp or D flat. So CSER, one semitone up, then C, and D flat is one semitone down then d. Ok, so this is what exactly sof and flat. I hope you have understood. I made it as easy as possible. If you still have any query or a question, you can write down on the discussion section. I'm going to replay as soon as possible. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
5. Identifying notes on guitar freatbaord: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to identify the nodes on guitar fretboard or guitar at 10k. So when you are placing any string on any freight, okay, so that's the node. So how we are going to identify that? Please note we are holding and plane, okay, so derivative formula. To understand this, we need to remember the node circle. I hope you all have understood nor circle perfectly. Ok, so now let us apply that formula, okay, and derive the nodes on guitar fretboard. So now if I'm holding this node, particular node on the third fret of fast string, okay, then what is this node? They identify the nodes. So I need to apply the node cycle formula here, and I'll have to find out what this node, this node is called z. How it is Z that I'm going to explain. So now you can see I have drawn six dream, okay, first, second, third 456. And I have given the name E B G D a E. So it is equal to e B G D a E. I hope you have gone through my model 1-cos. There i have explained why the string name and numbering. Okay, so same thing. I have drawn it here and I have drawn till 12th fret. You can see the double dot, which is there in the meter, also this double-dot. Okay. That means you get to Alfred, vital to alfred, I'll tell you, okay, because 12-note of abridge thing is equivalent to the string name. Okay, so till there if we learn, we have learned everything. Ok, so now let me explain you how we are going to apply the node cycle formula and identify the nodes of each frayed volt. So if you can see here this first box, this is second vote is there. So these are called freight. If you have gone through my model one Anatomy of the return, I have explained what is frayed. Okay, so the first, first, second, third, third fret, same way I have drawn it. First-rate, second fret surfeit of its string. Ok, so let us identify the nodes of each string, okay, on each freight. So if this is your open E string, let us take the first string. Ok, so this is open E string. Okay, so if I praised a fast note, what it becomes after e. What is there, if you can, if you remember, the node circle is fine, but I have just, I don't know whether you can see you or not, but I have just drawn for your reference after e, it is F, ok? There is nothing in-between e over e and f. There is no sharp or flat note between e and f node, ok, I hope you'll remember. So after e it is f. Ok, this is clear. Then after f, what is this? What is the note after f? It is F sub G flat, if you remember the node circle, okay, you can see here after I finish Fs are G flood, okay? The second fret of fostering is if surf or G flat. Then next, next is g, after f sub or jeeps, Reddit is g, then after z it is g serve or a flat. Then it is a, then it is a serf, or B flat. Then it is B, then it is c, then it is csev, or D flat. After C sharp or D flat, it is d, then it is D, or E flat, then it is e. So if you see this is 121212 fret, that 12-note of every string is equivalent to that string name. You can find it here if you are getting. Different node, that means we have gone somewhere wrong in it to correct it again, okay, so I hope you have understood the first string. So if you have identified the nodes of fostering that will be applicable on the sixth string also because the 16 is also E-string. Okay, so let me just write down all these note here on the sixth string. So now let us identify the loads of b string, okay, each for it. So after B, there is no sauropod flat naught, it is c, So I'll write it c, okay, then it is C-star, or D flat. Then it is D, D sharp, or E flat. Then it is e, then it is f. After, either is nothing. No, no. Harper pled not after yield is f, then it is if surf or G flat, then it is g, then it is G sharp or a flat. Then it is a or B flat. Then it is be, as I said, the 12-note of E-string will be equivalent to the same string name. Okay? So I hope this is how you can easily find out the nodes of Z, D, and E. Okay? But to complete this lesson, let me write down all the nodes of Z D, Okay, so for G, the next node in z serve or a flat, then it is a, then it is a circle or B flat. Okay? Then it is B, then it is C than it is see serve, or D flat, then it is D, and D serve or E-flat than it is E. E, it is f, then it is if serve or G flat, then it is Z. You can see here we got g, which is equivalent to g here, the same string. Ok? So this is 12 for it. Okay? So I have given the Mach 7.920 double dot as the fret marks are available on guitar. To make you understand easily, I have given the dot, ok, so that means this is Stanford is 57.912. It easier to remember the frayed number. Ok, so now let me write down the notes of D string, okay, so D-string, then it is deserve or E-flat. Then it is e. Then it is f, then it is if serve or G flat, then it is z. Then it is g serve. Or a flirt. Then it is a, then it is a served, or B flat, then it is B, then it is c, then it is Caesar, or D flat, then it is D. Okay? So we got d equivalent to the string name d, Okay, next, the last one, a. The next noted a CR or B flat, then B, then C, then C serve, or D flat. Then it is d, then it is d serve, or E flat. Then it is e, then it is f. Then it, it f. So f or g flat, then it is z, then it is g serve, or a A-flat. It is a. So you can see here E a, D G, B E, or we can say this way, e B G D a E B C D E. So this are equal. That means we have done it correctly. So now we know all the notes on the guitar, guitar neck, or get afraid vote of each and every string on the guitar. After 1230, if you are calculating third and Fred, 14-15 credit to the same after e it is, it will repeat the same thing. E, E then f, then f sub n, g. So it will go on like that. Okay, so we just need to remember till 12, Fred. Ok. So now let me show you on guitar how we can find the node in each string, okay, and on each frame. Okay, I already have explained you the theory and the staves. Now let us see on guitar, okay, so this is the first string and this is called E-string. So if, if we, if we strum this first string, so that means it's a eNode, okay? Then if a plays this first rate, it becomes f, f further note cycle formula as per the node cycle. If you remember, it becomes f, ok, then this next, the next period would be if surf or G flat. Then this third fret note, if I played this is z, then this is g cell or a flat. Then this is a. Then this is a sharp or B flat. Then this is, then this is C, then this is C, C sharp, or D flat. Then this is D. Then this is D sub o, E flat, then this is, so you can see here double-dot, ok. So these two dots, you can see that means the digit 12 freight. Okay, as I told earlier, that 12th fret note equivalent to the open nodes. So this is the open is a node. This is o. We can identify the nodes on guitar fretboard. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
6. How to remember the notes on guitar fretboard: So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to remember the guitar neck or guitar fretboard means how to remember the notes on the guitar neck or get afraid port. This is very important to remember. The nodes on the glitter to under ten scales and chords and where you are playing, what you were playing, that matters. Okay? So I'm going to give you a tiffs, ok, in this lesson through freeze, you'll be able to remember each and every node lifetime. Okay, so for that, what we need to do, let me explain you what I am saying. Actually, if I'm holding this particular node, okay, that is third fret of a string, okay? Fifth string, third fret of the fifth string, if I'm holding this node. So if someone asked me, what is the node, what is the node you were holding? I can say it is. See how it is C Because the fifth string is a string, then if I've placed the first note of a string, it become ASR per B flat, then it is b, that is c. Okay? So I can easily say, because I remember the fretboard completely, okay, if it is C, then it will be d. Ok? This fifth note of a string would be d, c, C sub d. Ok, so this is how, remember, I'm going to give you an easy tubes, which is going to help you to remember each and every node of each and if besting, okay, So let us learn that. So you can see there are total 12 months we have written down in each and every string. So if I remove this particular string because it is equivalently e. So whatever, if you remember this string, we can easily find out the nodes of this string. So I'm just removing this. So if it is, we are so 12 into five string equal to 60 notes. You need to remember, okay? But remembering 60 notes is very tough, okay? It's not that easy to remember. If, if I say 20 notes, you need to remember too. Find out any notes of any given string. Okay, easily. So what are the 20 nodes? So empty string, you just need to remember for nodes, then it is easy for you to identify all other nodes. So what is, what are those four notes I'm telling you? Tars. This third fret note of each string, fifth fret note of each string, seventh fret note of each string, and ninth fret note of each stream. Ok? So if you remember these four nodes, third, pth, seventh, ninth, note of each string, you'll be able to find out all other string. Let me tell you how. So if you remember the C remembering the NOR circuit is basics, that is minimum requirement, that is the minimum prerequisite site you would have in learning all other music theory. So if I, if I remember this third node, okay? So if someone asked me, what is this node? So I can easily say that, okay, this is start node means this is g means this is 11 semitone down means it is G flat. Or if so, It's easy. Ok? So this is very easy to say. If someone say, OK, what is this note? You can easily say, if you remember this one, if you remember third node, if you remember thermodynamics, I'm gonna ask you to, what is this node? You can easily see it, okay, the next node of g and g star or a flat, okay? So this is how you can remember each and every note, okay, by remembering the four note in a string, I hope you are getting what I'm saying. Okay? So you just need to remember the four note in each string, okay, that is third fret and CFP fret note 709 footnotes. And because after nine that 12 plus c after nine, ten is easy and 12-note is already the equivalent to the open string note, okay? So till nine, if you remember, the tenth node is very easy. And 12-note, you already know that it will be equivalent to the open string name, okay? So if e, that well-known as E, OK, in between 1011, if you'd know nine, you can easily say ten. If 90 and csev means ten is D, then x naught. Write 11. If you know that 12 naught e than 11 will be E flat or D. So, so this is how it's going to help by remembering the four node of each string. We are going to remember the whole frayed board of the guitar. I hope I could make you understand what I am trying to say. Okay, if we know, if we know the third note, we can easily say the previous note and the next node. If you note the fifth node, we can easily say the previous node of fifth and the next note of field, right? So like this, if you remember tar fifth and so like this, if you remember third, fifth, seventh, ninth, you'll be able to tell each and every node of the guitar. So now let us take an example of D-string. Okay, so if I say what is the second note? So if you know, okay, this third node of the B string is D, then the previous note would be, the second node will be the before denote flat is D flat or C, So you can see. So I hope you have understood how to remember the guitar notes throughout the fret board of each stream. Ok, this is very much important, which is going to help you in learning different, different types of scales. Ok? Harmonic scales, pentatonic scales, melodic minor scales, harmonic minor scales. Ok, there are many things we are going to learn going further. So this is basic music theory we need to understand. So hope you have understood if you still have any query requests that you can write down on the discussion section, I'm going to reply as soon as possible. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
7. What is scale and octave: So now let me explain what it scaled. Okay, so skill is nothing but collegues and open notes. Or we can say group of nodes is Gail can have seven unique nodes or five unique nodes, okay? Depending on which scale we're playing. Okay? So a pentatonic scale will have pipe uniqueness. If a play in its, it'll scale, it will have seven unique nodes. So that depends on there are types of scaling we're playing. So let me tell you once again. So scale is nothing but the collegues unopened or let me play one skill and explain you. Okay, so I'm playing a C major scale in open Buddhism. Ok, so this is seen as a skill. I hope you understood what is skill. So now let me explain you. What is octaves? Octave is nothing but it defines a range or bits, okay? Of a particular note, Oregon super particular scale. Ok. So it different the range or Beech. Let me explain that with an example. I just played the C-major scale in open position. Ok, so C major scale, open bullies and start with C and we'd see, so this node, this node, it is c naught. How? Because his fifth string, string is nothing but a sting. So the first fret, second Fridays, be car-free. It you'd see. Okay. This is seen. Okay. So this is also C and this is also a scene. Okay? But see the sound. This is very low. Ok, but this is also a c, little higher, ok. So the range is little higher. Ok? So this is what it's called octave. So this is fast octaves, C naught, and this is second octave c. Now, we can take it in this way, okay, so I hope you have understood what is octave going further when you learn music, you'll understand clearly, but as you have no understanding this week, okay, so the octave defines the range or pitch of a particular note or kill, okay? So like this is a lower c and this is a highest. So if I start a scale from here, so this, I'll play the first octave. And if I start from here. So this is second octave, you can see the north wing gradually higher. Ok. This is also C skill. This is also sees, okay, and this is also C-scale. So this I played in second octave, so I hope you have understood what is octane. Thanks for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
8. Types of scale: In this lesson, we are going to learn types of skill. So let us learn. So generally, there are two types of skills. One is major scale, one is minus gamma. And then again, minus guilt, we have three types of minus skills. So let us learn what are the three types of minor scale. First, twenties, Nicira minus kill second when he's melodic minor scale. And third one is harmonic minor scale. Ok? So this scales have mainly divided into two major scales, minus kill and then minus. Again, we have three types of minor scale, that is Kneser minus kill, melodic minor scale and harmonic minor scale. Okay, so these are the basic scale type. In advanced level, we'll be learning piu, more. Scale types like pentatonic scale, scale modes, scale RPG, since there are many other things we'll be learning in the advanced level, but in beginner level, let us learn the basic scale types. Major scales, minus gills and minus. Again, we have three types of minor scale that is necessary. Minus kill, melodic minor scale and harmonic minor scale. So I hope you have understood this lesson's thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
9. How to construct Major scale: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to construct major scale, the formula of constructing major skill. Ok, so this is very important lesson and I'm going to explain it very easily and you'll be able to remember lifetime. Okay? So the formula I'm going to explain and using that formula, we'll be constructing each major scale. Ok, so let us concentrate and learn how to construct mesoscale, the basic formula to construct a major scale. Each wrote note than whole note than whole note than half note, than whole note, whole note, whole note and hop node. I hope you remember the node cycle which I have explained in the previous lessons. And using that no cycle, we are going to construct this major skill. And I have also told you what its tone or whole note and, or a semitone or half node. Ok, so this whole naught which I have written, it can be whole note is nothing but tones, so I am writing t. Again t and this half node is nothing but semitone. Ok? So I am writing S t, okay? Then again it is tone, tone, tone, semitone. Okay? So this is the formula. Ok? Wrote note, whole note, whole, whole naught, or tone or not, or tone, hop not or semitone, whole note or tune all No.1 whole note called tone, hub node or semitones. So generally there are 12 notes in music which I have told in that node circle. So let me again write down on top of this so far is a, then we have a sharp or B flat, then we have B, then we have C, then C sharp, or D flat, then D, then D sub on E-flat. Then we have e. E, There is nothing f, okay, after either is no cell phone plate, so it will be f. Okay? Then we have if surf or G flat. Then we have F sub G flat, then we have G. Then we have G sub or a flat. Then we have a, ok. So there are 12 node, 123456789101112. Okay? So this a is repeating. So I'm not taking this a, so that a total of 12 notes, okay? A2, DSL, or a flat, okay, the 12-note. So now let us construct the a major scale, okay, using this formula. So in the a major scale, in the images scale, the root, notice a, ok. The r is nothing but the root, root node. So in the, in the a major scale, the root is a, okay, then whole not of a. So as I told previously, whole note or tone is nothing but two staves from the given node. Okay? So from the a, the whole note will be B. Ok? How it is? Because a, then it is one step is a super be played then second step B, it is B. Ok, so this is what the Whole notes of a, okay, then from B, again, we have to take the whole node from B. The whole naught would be next whole node of B. So beat one step is C, then two-step is C sharp or D flat, okay? So we'll be writing CSL or D flat, okay? So csev or D flit, okay, then after that we have a hub nodes. So hop node mins one state. So what is the next note? It is d. Ok, so the half note, or semitone from C sharp or D is the next step that is D. Again, we have a whole note, okay? So D, so from d, the whole note would be, this is d, will take the whole net means two-state minute l v e. Okay? Then again we have a whole note that means e to two steps. It is nothing but after e it is f one step, then we need two steps. It will be if serve or G flat, okay? If F or G flat. And again we have a whole note from F sub G flat, so that is nothing but G self. So the bury, the one-step note is G. From G flat, the one-step node is z, but we have a whole lot menswear protect two-step that is g sub or a flat. Okay, so from G sub or a flood, we have one more note is hub node that is nothing but a because it is one step is a. Okay? So this is how we need to construct the mesoscale. Ok? So one tapes is if you are starting root node E's a, then it will be ending with a. Ok? If you are not getting this a means you have gone wrong somewhere, you need to, again recalculate and reconstruct the scale. Okay, so now we'll be constructing the next. Note that is ASR are B flat, is F, B flat. So let us apply the formula and we construct a sub or be Platts kill. Okay, so the root node would be a CR or be flat. As far as constructing the major scale for a super B flat, that means the root node would be SRP flight. Then what is that whole note? So to Steph's whole note or tone means two steps, that means a sample B flat, then one step is B. Next step, one step, two step is C. So asap would be plugged whole note or tone is c. Okay? Then we have again a whole note. Then from C, the whole note, the whole naught of c, You will be d. Okay? Because Next is, because one stephensi support D-flat two-step is d, So whole naught is two steps, so it will take d then hub node. So hub node is nothing but one step from D. So once from D is disturbed or E-flat, then we have a whole note. These are for E-flat, whole naught would be f, because the first step is e from d-separated fled, and second step is F from D sharp or E flat, so we need a whole note or tone, that would be F, Okay? And next is whole note again. So from F The whole note is G. Ok? Because first step comes from F is F sub four G flat. Then second step is comes from z. So as we need a whole note. Or tone, that means it would be g, then again from x0, whole note would be a. Okay, the next notice you're gonna hold it out. So g whole notably a, because G then G SAP or a flat than a. Then again, we have a hub not from a that is ASR or B flat. Okay? Or be pled. So like this, we need to construct the major skill. I hope you have understood. So now let us construct the P major skill. So the root node would be B, okay? Damages kill the root node B, B, then the whole note would be C sharp or D flat. Okay? Then, then the whole node would be, again, deserve or E-flat. Okay? Then the half node is nothing but, and the half note of December, if lead is E, Then we have whole note again. So e whole notes would be F sharp or G flat. Okay? Then we have a whole note from F sharp or G flat, that is G Cerf. Or if let, then again, we have a, then again we have a whole note that is a serf or B flat, then the half note would be, okay. So we started from B ANDed with B. That means it is correct. And now I'll take the example for C major scale. Ok? And I'll be ending here next. All these, C, C sharp or D flat, D, D surf or E flat, E, F, F sub G plus G, the server, a flood, you are going to construct by yourself as an assignment I am giving you. Ok, so let us construct the C major scale. Okay, cool. So the C Major Scale, the root will be c, then the whole node will be, then the whole naught will be D. Then again we have a whole note, so d whole note would be E. Okay? Then we have a half note. So E hub node E's. Remember this because from e, because from E one step is F. So hop node or semitone is nothing but one step from the given node. So that is f, Okay? So after ie, the half-note is f, Okay? So again we have a whole naught, so the whole NOT of F is G. Then again, we have a whole note, so hold not of g is equal to a, then you're going to have a whole note. So whole note of a, so whole not of a would be B. And half note again. So after that we have a half note. So half not a, b is half, not all semitone of B is C, Because from B to C is one stiff. So one step of any given node is always a semitone or a hub node. So it is c. So we started with C And we ended with C. So that means our scale construction is very much correct. Okay? So in this, in this C major scale, you can see there is no sulphur fled note. So this is called all known sensor nodes. There is no self, there is no flat. Okay? So the C major scale is very easy to remember because it has all nutshell node. And the node set C, D, E, F, G, a, B, C. Okay, so I hope you have understood. So I have explained to you images skill a separate B flat major scale, then be mesoscale, then C-major scale. So four major skills I have constructed for you. And I have explained how to construct to the raised all scales unit to construct by yourself. And this is I am giving you an assignment to you, you as a project work, you need to do it and send it to me, okay? Or you can write down in the discussion sections and then project work that you have constructed, all other scales. So the remaining scales as he's F or D flat major, then D measure than DCF or E flat major, imager than F-major scale. Then if suppose E flat major scale than G major scale and GSM, or if let me just kill, then back to a which we have already constructed. So four major skills I have constructed in front of you, and I have explained you remaining eight major skills you need to construct as part of your project work. And you need to submit on the discussion sections. Okay, so I hope you have understood this lesson. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
10. How to Construct Minor scale: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to construct minus kill. In the previous lessons, we have learned how to construct mesoscale. Now in this lesson we are going to learn how to construct minus good. Ok, so let us know the formula first. What is the formula we are going to apply to construct a minus q, okay? So the formula for constructing minus kill is root hole or tone hop or semitone hole or tone hole or tune, hub or semitone hold or to hold or tone. If I don't say tone, semitone FAC only hole or how you can easily understand. The hole is nothing but the tone and harp is nothing but a semitone. So it is root whole hub, hold, who'll have hole, hole. So this is the formula we are going to apply to construct the minus scaled. So let us construct the first skill first minus killed it is a minus kill, a minus L. Okay? So let us construct this a minus kill. Okay? So in the a minus kill, the root node is a, ok? Then the whole norm of a is b. So after a first David asap or be fled, and the second step is B. Ok, so we'll be taking b, the whole node is B, then the half node hop note of bees. First step of b, that is c, okay? Then we have a whole note, okay? So whole lot of c is nothing but d, Okay? And whole lot of D again is E, Okay? And half note of e is nothing but the f because after either is no SAP, no flat, it is F. So the hub note of E. F of E means that is f, Okay? Then we have a whole note. Whole note of F is nothing but z. Again, we have a whole note. So whole not of g is nothing but a. So in this case, as in the previous lesson, we have learned, the C Major Scale has all these little notes. Same way in a minor scale, we have all nodes. So that is a, B, C, D, E, F, G, H. So in a minor scale, there is no self or no flat notes, all necessarily nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G, a. So I hope you have understood how to construct minus kill. So now let us construct the second man escalated asap or be fled minus kill. A syrup or B Flat Minor scale. So, so in that case, a CR or VI fled would be the root note. Ok, then the whole lot asap or B flat note is C, okay? Because the first step of a sharp or B flat is B, then we have second step is c. So the whole naught of a sharper be pled. Notice C. Okay, so next is happening out of C, is C sub or D flat. Then we have a whole note, whole note of C sharp or D flat is nothing but DSL or E-flat. So then we have a whole lot agan, so D sharp or E flat, whole note is F, Okay? So the first step is, the second step is F. So hold on a second step. So that means it is f. Okay, then we have a half note, up notes. So happen out of F, is F sub G flat. Then we have a whole lot from F sharp or G flat that is nothing but G serve or a flat. Then again, we have a whole note. So the whole lot of G sharp or a flat is nothing but a serve or B flat. Okay, so we started with a sharp or B flat and ended with a sharp or B flat. Okay, so that means this is correct. So asap of B-flat minor scale, we have a sub or be fled than C, then C sub or D flat. Then we have d sub or E-flat than we have F. Then we have F sub G flat, then we have G sub or a flood, and we have a or B flat. Okay, so this is how we construct the minor scale. So now let us construct the next minus q, that is b minus kill. So the root would be obviously the B, then we have the whole lot. So be hold not EC stuff or D flat. Okay? Then the hub node, then we have it happened out of C sharp or D flat is nothing but d. Then we have a whole lot. So d, whole note of D is nothing but E. Then we have a whole note again, hold knot of E is nothing but if self or G flat, okay, then we have a half note happened out of F sharp or G flat is nothing but z. Whole not of g is nothing but a. Then we have a whole note again. Then Hill NOT of a is nothing but b. Ok, so we started with B ANDed with B. So always the TFC is when we're constructing any scale. So using this formula, the root node and the end node would be the same if you are not getting the same node, that means you have gone wrong somewhere. You need to recalculate and reconstruct the scales again. Okay? So I have just explained you, three minus killed a and a Serb, or B flat minor, then b minus k. So, and I hope you know that remaining minus curl, which you need to construct, that is c minus, he's up for D flat minor, then D minor, then DCF, or E-flat minor, E minor, F minor than F sharp or G flat minor. So then G minor than G sub or a flat minor. Ok? And a already we have learned, okay, so there are remaining nine you need to construct by yourself. Okay, I hope you have understood correctly. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson soon in the next lesson.
11. How to convert Major to Minor scale and vice versa: So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to convert major skill to minus q. And let me explain why they want to learn this. So suppose if you are playing a major scale and if I ask, can you play the same scaling miner? So there's an easy way to immediately convert images called two minus l. So that is what I am going to explain, you know, okay, let it learn this. So as per the formula, the mesoscale formulated root hole, hole, half, whole, whole, whole hub, okay? And minus kill formulated food, whole half hole hold, hold, hold. Ok. So now let us construct a measure skill first, ok, to understand how to convert, let us construct images skill and a minus kill, okay? And that is what exactly I'm going to explain you the formula and tips how to convert images CO2 minus q, okay, so the images skills, if I see the root note is a, then the whole note is B. Then we have a whole note that is B. Then we have a whole lot of b whole notice C, C sharp or D flat. Okay? Then we have a half note, then we have a half note that it is nothing but d. Then we have a whole note. We have a whole, so d whole note is E. Then we have a whole note again. So e whole node is F sub G flat. Then we have a whole note again. So that is nothing but G, Cerf or E-flat. Then we have half node again, so that is nothing but a. So you already have constructed images skull in the previous lessons while constructing them as a skill. So same thing I have written. So these are the nodes in a major skills. Okay, so now let me tell you how I can easily remember the minor scale, okay, if I know the major skill, ok, the formula is the third note, sixth note, and seven note. We need to move down one state, one semitone, or you can see one hub node, we need to move down, okay? So that means all other nodes would be same as measure skill. So let us write down for this a minus kill. So fast and second would be the same third node we are not writing. And fifth naught. Then fourth note we have a d naught, we have a E and 67. We are not writing, we are writing the, so we have written down the nodes which are not willing to change, okay? So only three notes we are going to change to convert it to a minus K. So let us the third, sixth, seventh, we need to move down, move down by half note or a semitone. So csev or D flat, if I move down by half note, that is C. Ok? So seeks not F sharp or G flat. If I move down by half node or semitone, that would be F and G sub or a flat. If I move down by hub node, that would be g. So it is a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h. If you can go back one, listen previous, when we have constructed a minus skills with each other nodes, it's there in him and scale all notes in a scale, which I have told you earlier while constructing the minor scale. Okay? If you see that first note is equal, second nought is equal. Third node only is the different. Then throat nought is equal d and d p naught is equal to E and E. Sixth note and seven node is the difference. And again, the eighth note is equal. Eight nodes, we don't count eight node is eight node because it is a repeated to the root node. So we always say a scale has seven unique note. One note is the repeated node of the root node, okay, only this. So only the third, sixth, seventh is the change. Ok, so in this lesson I'm going to explain you one more thing that is how to convert minor to measure, okay? Now I am writing minor to major. Similarly, if, if I know my minor scale, I can easily get my major skills. In that case, why do we need to do we need to move off third, sixth, 7, or we need to move up by one semitone or half note. Okay, so now let me remove this third node, six node, and seven nodes, okay? Now all other node would be same, okay, so now the third node, we have two arrays said from minor to major. We have to move up while major to minor, we're moving down by half note or semitone. In my, in case of minor to measure, we need to move up by one semitone or half note of third, sixth, 7 or so. If a move up by a semitone or half node, it will be C or D flat. Again in the sixth node, if I moved up by one semitone, that is, if surf or g flat. And again, g, the seventh note, if I move up by one semitone or half note, that is G serve or if let, ok, so that becomes a major scale again, okay? So, so this is how you need to convert to major to minor, minor to major. So isn't it so easy to learn how to convert images CO2 minus killed. So this is, and this, listen, I have given you, just to avoid learning so many things, if you know one thing, you can convert into other thing. So if you know major skill, you can easily convert it to minus kill if you know, even easily converted to measure skill. Ok, so this lesson, I hope, is going to be useful for you, for your full musical career. Okay, this is a very, very nice tiffs which I have learned and I'm sharing with you all. So I hope you have understood this lesson. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
12. How to remember scale construction formula: So in this lesson we are going to learn how to remember the scale construction formula. So in case of minus q, it is rude. Hole half, whole, whole, half hole, hole. In case of measure skill, it is root, whole, whole hub, whole, whole, whole hub. So this is the formula. Generally, we should remember, but sometime we forget. Okay? Sometimes you forget after one year or two year, suppose you were, suppose you left music for some time. Again, you are a standing back and evil learning. Okay, so in that case, so I'm going to give me a tiffs through which you can easily remember this scale construction formula. So let us learn this. So as we have learned earlier, while constructing the mesoscale and while constructing the minus kill in while major skill, we have one scale which doesn't have any staffer fled. Not all the nodes are necessarily notes. And in 1minus scale, we have one skill which doesn't have any software flirt note, okay? It has all necessarily notes. And that is very easy to remember. Okay, so now let us recall that we measure scale. C major scale doesn't have any flat or serve node all N_hits, l naught. So that means it is C, D, E, F, G, a, B, C. Okay? And in MySQL There is one minus kill that doesn't have any sub or flat node, that is a minus q. So the notes are in a minus cal. It is, obviously it doesn't have soccer player not miss. Very easy to remember. It is a, B, C, D, E, F, G, and a. Okay? So now this is very easy to remember. Anybody can remember this C major scale, C, D, E, F, G, a, B, C. Because the problem where we have started the same way we need to end. And a minus kill a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h. It's very easy to remember. You'll never forget this for Sue. Ok. So now let us construct a formula. Let us construct the formula. No. So c means it is a root for a it is root two. Now let us construct the other things. Okay? So C to D, it's a whole note. You get tone, okay? C to D, bigger in-between it come si SAP or D flat, which is Harper semitones. But we have d. D means it is tone or whole note. We'll write it whole note or tone. Okay? Now, D to E is also a whole note or tone. Because after D it is d sub or E-flat. But we have it is E here, okay? So it will be whole note or tune. Then again we have f, So E to F is just one state, okay? Because we don't have ESA or flat or anything, such kind of things. So after eight is f, That means it is your hub node or semitone. Okay? Then after, if it is z, so after F to G is a whole note. Because after F, F sharp or G flat. But here we have z, that means it's the whole node or tune. Then after z it is a, that means it's a whole note again or tone. Because after GDG self or a flat then a, that means it is a two steps. So that means it is a whole note or tone. Then after a it is b. Again it is a whole note, okay, with it after eight is a sub or B flat, then b, that means idiot to steps. That means it is whole naught or tone. After we did see, that means it's a half note but semitone. Ok. Because after latency, because after D then there is no self-reflect. See only. So that means it is a one step. So it is one statements, it is HUB, notice semitone, okay, I hope you are following the listen sequence really, if you jump in between, E can never learn what I am telling now. Ok, so all the lessons are organized and structured in such a way that doesn't we need to learn what that sequence release. So I request you to follow the lesson sequentially. Okay, so now if you see here, we can see that we got the major skill formula. You can confirm the formula with comparing if you're previous lessons you've learned while constructing them as a skill. Ok, so this is easily, we have derived the formula from this scale, okay? Same way you will be constructing the formula for minus guilt. So root note is a or a, o and a scale all in its and notes. That means a, B, C, D, E, F, G, a. And now let us construct the formula. So this is root note. Then we have an a after a is b means it is a whole note. So now after B, D, C, that means it's a half node because after B there is no server fled direct is c, So it is a one step. So that means it's a hop node or semitone. Then we have D, So that C after c we have C sharp or D flat ban D. That means it is a two step, so it's a whole note or a tone. Then we have E. So E is again a whole naught or tone, because after d we have deserve or E-flat than E. So it's the two steps, that means it's a whole naught or tone. Then after he, we have f. So that means it is a half node because after either is no software fled directly. We have f, so that means it is one step, so it is a half note or semitone. Then we have G. G is a whole naught two F, because after F we have F sub Z fled Dan g. So it is a two-step, so that means whole note or tone. So after z we have a, that means it is your whole note because after G We have G sharp or a flat then AES, where it's a two-step, so it's a whole note or tune. Now if you compare the minor constructs and formula from your previous lesson, it is rude to whole, half, whole, whole, whole, whole. So I hope you got your formula. So this is how we can construct a formula if we, if we don't remember the formula always. So you can easily construct the way I have told. Okay, so I hope you have understood this lesson. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
13. How to read and write tabs: In this lesson, we're going to learn a very important concept that is how to read and write depths. This is very important because using this, we are going to learn the next modules. So going further, we are going to use this very frequently. So why we are learning this? Suppose you are composing any t1, okay? And you want to send that tuned to someone else, okay, so you can write down these tabs and you send it to them, or you can keep it for your future reference. Okay, so, so this is why we need to learn how to read and write tabs. This is going to help you to document your tune. Or if anyone, suppose a composer, he wanted to send a team in particular tuned to you, okay, so he will give these tabs. Ok, this is the test, this is my t one, this is my melody. You need to play. Okay, so you can refer the tab and you can play. So now that is why we are learning how to read and how to write that. And this is very easy to learn. Just concentrate what I'm saying. First I'll explain you in the whiteboard, then I'll tell you in the guitar, and it is very easy to understand. So let's learn. So you can see here, I have, I have written down E, B, C, D, E. So these are the string names in the module one class. I have told you the string name and numbering and I hope you will know the string name in the return. Okay, so E, B, G, D a, E. So the upper string is the thinnest string and the lower string is the thickest string. Okay, we need to remember in this way. So now let us learn how to read this and write this, okay, both are same. So if you can write it, you can read it. If you can read it, you can write it. Suppose a tab is given leg 13135. Ok, so that means you need to play the second thing that is B string, okay? But it's bee sting the first node on, on the first frame of that B string. And then you took played a third fret, third fret of the B string. Then you need to play the first fret of each thing that is first string, third fret of fostering pthread of string. Okay? So this is how you need to play. So if it is written in this way, okay? Suppose if i write in-between 0 here and two here, ok? So that means, so always we need to play like this, okay? When you divide like this, okay? So whichever node counts first, we need to play first, fertile, play the first fret or bee sting. Then thought afraid of b string. Then I'll play a phosphate of E-string, then I'll play, then I have 0 here, okay? I don't, so 0 then we have three, then we have to then we have five. So we have to remember, we have to play of whichever comes first, then we have fast afraid of E-string Dan, we have 00 means it's, we need to play that string only. Wanted to hold anything. It's an open node. 00 means it's an open node or o, we can see 0 or o. So that means it's open node so will not be holding anything. We'll just play that open. Ok. So after this, I'm going to explain one that guitar, so it will be easy for you to understand, but I now understand what we need to play after Ofwat. Then we have to play 0 of g string minutes opening, opened not you need to play it. So then we have to play third fret of E string that is fostering than we have. Okay? So two of g string, second fret of the G string we need to play. Then we have trade of E string. Then we need to play a few threat of E string. So I hope you understood how to read and write tariffs. Now, all you need to remember, the upper string is the thinnest string and the lowest string is the thickest string, okay? And whichever string the nodes comes first, you need to play that note first. Ok? So if it is written one mins part of that particular string, if it is written three mins tariff rate of that particular string, if it is net ten or nine or eight, whatever it is. So the number signifies the freight number of that particular string. Okay. So I hope it is very easy to understand, and I hope you have understood correctly. So now let us learn on guitar with an example. So now let us learn practically on guitar how to read and write Fs. Okay, so I hope you can see on the screen the tariffs are a given. I'm going to play that. Okay? So you can see on the fifth fret of the third string, okay, that is g string. You can see this is the third string or g string. Okay? You can see the first note is written as five. We need to play pipe mints, PPT, prayed first fret, second, third, fourth, fifth. So on the third string, pthread, I'll play first. Okay? Then again, same node we're going to play that is on the thirsting. Then we have seventh on the third string. So 700 is this one. Okay, this one. So let me play that. Then again, fifth on the third string. Then you can see on the second string that is B string, we have six, okay, so to play the sixth grade of B string or second string, then we have a note paved freight of b string or second string. So 55 on the third string, seventh on the third string, file on the third stream, six on the second string, and picked on the second string. Okay? I hope you can guess the team. Okay, so going further, we are going to learn lot of team like this, ok, so this is just an example for you to make you understand how to read and write devs. I hope you have understood. Thanks a lot for watching this lesson. See you in the next lesson.
14. Conclusion: Hi there, nice to see you in this last video of module two goes and college leasing for successfully completing this module to or being a limit. Let me summarize this module at a glance, what we have learned this model to or being LW. We have learned node cycle. We have learned what its tone, what it semitone. We have learned what itself and what. We have learned how to identify nodes on guitar fretboard. We have also learned how to remember the notes on the guitar fretboard. We have learned subscales. What is octaves? We have learned how to construct major scale. We have learned how to construct minor scale. We have learned how to convert major skill to minus Gill. And also we have learned how to convert minus K, two major skill. We have learned the scale constructs and formula. We have learned how to read and how to write tabs. And these are the very basic music theory everyone has to learn before learning music. I hope you have really enjoyed this model to a beginner level cause last but not the least, if you really like this model to a beginning level, then please leave a positive feedback as a token of appreciation. And also, you can recommend this course to your friends and loved ones. See you are looking for to see you in the module three of beginner level. Till then, keep practice NGO lending the tz, stay safe and stay happy. Bye-bye.