ASL | Tom Loves Ruth | American Sign Language | Able Lingo | Skillshare

ASL | Tom Loves Ruth | American Sign Language

Able Lingo, ASL & English Classes

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50 Lessons (1h 56m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      0:51
    • 2. ASL Alphabet

      10:32
    • 3. Four (4) Fingerspelling Rules

      7:20
    • 4. Practice - Names

      6:57
    • 5. Sign | Names

      4:23
    • 6. Understand | Names

      3:23
    • 7. TOM KING LOVE RUTH JONES A-LOT.

      0:33
    • 8. Learn - Sign for LOVE

      1:19
    • 9. Learn - Sign for A-LOT

      1:13
    • 10. Practice - Complete Sentence

      1:16
    • 11. TOM FALL-IN-LOVE EASY.

      0:20
    • 12. Learn - Sign for FALL-IN-LOVE

      1:31
    • 13. Learn - Sign for EASY

      1:25
    • 14. Practice - Complete Sentence

      1:02
    • 15. RUTH ALREADY MARRIED.

      0:46
    • 16. Learn - Sign for ALREADY

      1:09
    • 17. Learn - Sign for MARRIED

      1:02
    • 18. Practice - Complete Sentence

      1:22
    • 19. RUTH THINK TOM CRAZY.

      0:29
    • 20. Learn - Sign for THINK

      1:11
    • 21. Learn - Sign for CRAZY

      1:46
    • 22. Practice - Complete Sentence

      1:35
    • 23. TOM WILL MARRY RUTH? IMPOSSIBLE.

      0:33
    • 24. Learn - Sign for WILL

      1:23
    • 25. Learn - Sign for MARRY

      1:58
    • 26. Learn - Sign for IMPOSSIBLE

      2:16
    • 27. Practice - Complete Sentence & Question

      3:26
    • 28. Practice - Vocab Test Format

      2:27
    • 29. Sign | Vocabulary

      2:52
    • 30. Understand | Vocabulary

      2:29
    • 31. Practice - Sentences

      2:01
    • 32. Sign | Sentences

      5:08
    • 33. Understand | Sentences

      4:44
    • 34. Practice | Complete Story

      4:21
    • 35. Sign | Story 1 Min Timer

      2:06
    • 36. Explore - Test Format

      0:35
    • 37. Sign | Story With 45 Sec Timer

      1:44
    • 38. Sign | Story With 30 Sec Timer

      0:43
    • 39. Explore | New Story

      1:05
    • 40. Practice | New Names

      4:27
    • 41. Learn | Sign for HAVE

      1:29
    • 42. Learn | Sign for FLOWERS

      1:34
    • 43. Learn | Sign for STILL

      1:24
    • 44. Learn | Sign for SINGLE

      1:50
    • 45. Learn | Sign for MAYBE

      1:41
    • 46. Practice | New Sentences

      4:27
    • 47. Practice | New Story

      2:48
    • 48. Sign | New Story ⏲ 1 Minute

      2:38
    • 49. Sign | New Story ⏲ 45 Seconds

      2:05
    • 50. Conclusion & Thank You

      0:18

About This Class

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IN THIS COURSE, our goal is to use American Sign Language (ASL) to sign a narrative about a unique situation. To achieve this, we’ll learn the ABCs, review fingerspelling rules, learn individual vocabulary words, see English translated into ASL, create complete sentences, and learn to sign the entire narrative. Along the way, there will be tests to review your ability to sign correctly and understand what I’m signing.

*** This course is designed for complete beginners without any prior knowledge of ASL. Previous ASL skills are welcome but NOT required.

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IN THIS COURSE:

  • Students will learn the complete alphabet in ASL including the four (4) fingerspelling rules
  • Students will learn to correctly finger spell the first and last names of the characters in the narrative
  • Students will learn to sign fifteen (15) vocabulary words: A-LOT, ALREADY, CRAZY, EASY, FALL-IN-LOVE, FLOWERS, HAVE, IMPOSSIBLE, LOVE, MARRY/MARRIED, MAYBE, SINGLE, STILL, THINK, WILL
  • Students will see English sentences translated into ASL using ASL grammar rules
  • Students will learn to combine vocabulary signs with fingerspelled names to create complete sentences
  • Students will learn the correct facial expressions and head movements to communicate a question
  • Students will use complete sentences to sign an entire narrative about a unique situation
  • Students will race a timer as they sign vocabulary words, sentences, and the complete narrative
  • Each individual sign will be taught step by step to ensure comprehension, correct hand shape, and hand position
  • Students will be tested on their ability to sign and recognize ALL material taught in the course

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AFTER TAKING THIS COURSE:

  • Students will know the complete ASL alphabet and be able to fingerspell
  • Students will be able to sign and understand ASL vocabulary, sentences, and an entire narrative 
  • Students will have a larger vocabulary and understand the mechanics of each sign taught in the course
  • Students will feel more confident as they continue their journey of ASL improvement

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REQUIREMENTS:

  • A desire to learn, improve, and be more confident signing in ASL
  • A desire to enrich ASL vocabulary and communication skills
  • A computer, tablet, or smartphone to access the study material

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QUESTIONS:

What is the main focus of this course?

  • This course focuses on learning the necessary skills to sign a complete narrative describing an interesting situation. Students will learn to fingerspell, sign vocabulary words, sign complete sentences, and sign a complete narrative.

Do I need to have prior knowledge or experience with ASL before taking this class?

  • No. This course is designed for complete beginners without any prior knowledge of ASL. All necessary signs are taught step by step in the course.

Will this course test me on what is taught?

  • Yes. This course contains multiple sections of review and testing where you have the opportunity to demonstrate your ASL signing and recognition skills.

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ABOUT THE INSTRUCTOR:

  • Hello! My name is Michael. When I was three years old, my younger brother became sick with spinal meningitis. In the process, my brother became deaf with an almost complete hearing loss. This difficult situation provided a unique opportunity for my family and I to become fluent in American Sign Language (ASL). Unlike some deaf children, my brother was not sent away to a deaf or hard of hearing school. He grew up with us, his hearing family, and we were active in the deaf community.
  • As a police officer and federal investigator, I often used ASL to communicate with and interpret for witnesses, victims, and perpetrators. I decided to create ASL courses because it’s a useful and practical skill to have. Like learning any language, it opens your mind and creates the ability to communicate with a whole new group of people.

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CLICK HERE FOR ALL OUR CLASSES

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hello. In this course, you're going toe. Learn how to sign this. Everything, all of it. All of the sentences, vocabulary words and the whole thing altogether. All right, we're going to go step by step, will break it into parts. We're going to learn the words. We're going to learn the sentences, and we're going to put it all together. As we're going step by step. I'm going to test you. All right? I'll have my glasses. Right. So for the test, I won't be saying anything. We'll be doing tests. I need to know that you understand what I'm signing and that you're able to sign what I show you. Okay, so let's jump in. Let's have fun and let's get busy. 2. ASL Alphabet: Okay, so let's talk about the A B. C's in American sign language. Okay, if you already know the A B. C's feel free to move forward in the course, that's fine. All right, so let's go step by step and learn each letter. All right, so we're going to start with a All right. How do we make in a Well, if you have open hand Early's down, put your thumb on the side and it looks like that. All right. So a All right. Let's go to be all right. Be all right. Be open hand. Just put. Put the fingers tight together. Put your thumb in. All right. It's good to know that some people signed the be like this. They leave the thumb on the outside. So instead of in there, they put it on the side B. All right. That would be what we would call the open. Be right. You're going to see that later in the course. But some people sign be like this. Some people signed be like this. All right, So be see is pretty straightforward. See? All right. So from the open hand, close it up, turn to the side and just curb down. See? Right. Good, good, good. Be all right, D. Okay. All right. So from the open hand, we're gonna take the last three fingers and curve them down and put them on top of the thumb. All right, so from the side, it kind of looks like a rabbit. Your index finger is still up like the year of the rabbit. So d right when they show you in the picture. It's like, D. However, when I signed D, I just go like this. That's how I've seen most people sign it. It's the same sign. It's just rotated a little bit because this kind of awkward to go like this, you have to pivot a little bit. So d All right, D All right, E. All right. You might notice the difference. He's doing it different than the picture. Well, you're going to see there are different ways of signing E. I grew up signing the like this. You notice there's a space in between. Other people will say you need to do it like this. Some say you need to do it like this. I'm gonna say you choose what is appropriate for you. I would do what your local deaf community does. The community that I grew up in, they sign like this. E no, Your choice e or e. Either way, when you make this sign right, put the fingers together, curve the tips down, put your thumb in and e right or e. Okay, e, we have f All right. So the fingers on top, some people put them together. F I've seen it also that they go like this with them open. And that's how I learned how to sign it. So f go From what? We're going to do it from the open hand. Take your index finger much the thumb from the side, touch the thumb, and there is an f All right, let's rotate f Right so g All right. So it looks like this g you're not probably going to sign it like this, G, cause it's very awkward, but the picture is wonderful because it shows you the finger movement or the finger placement. Okay, so this is how we would make it. Imagine you're telling someone. Uh, the book was this thick. It was this thick. Right? So we have index finger and the thumb right that thick. Now take that hand position and rotate it forward. That is the G Just like that, G All right, so G All right, so this thick it was this thick g. Okay. H each eso won. Cnu was silent like this. Probably not gonna sign it like this, But the picture is good to see how it is because it's just natural. Like this eight from the hand position. We're gonna get rid of these two fingers, put these together, put the thumb in and just rotate forward is kind of like a gun, right? H eight. Right? I I pay. So from the open hand position, these fingers in the middle are going to come in, wrap your thumb on the front and leave your pinky pointed up. All right? I right. J is just an eye, but you're gonna do a loop. All right, So I becomes a J Jay. All right, so when you make a J, there's no frozen movement, right? That's what I was just like that. But Jay is gonna have some movement. J, right, Jay? Right, K. Looks like this K Hey, how do we make it? Well with these two fingers down, but the thumb in between. Right? And I suppose you could say my middle fingers forward just a little bit. All right. So Okay. Okay. Okay. No, Very straightforward. You probably speed seen people go like loser. Well, they're making it. L right. So put these three fingers down. L right, right. L go to him. Right there We are. So in the open hand position, this thumb is going to tuck in here. M All right, let's see if we do it again. M m b the three fingers. M m I m I m. I am Okay, So n is and is similar. We're just gonna move the thumb over a little bit. So in, we'll have two fingers. This is M. Now we're gonna do end all right. And and in Okay. Oh, is about as straightforward as you get. Oh, right. Just take, like, the letter c and now connect it now. It's an old, uh, all right, p he is just like that, right? It's like a K that was tipped down, Right? P right, p. All right. Be e. And when you sign it, P aereo All right, Let's dio que you? Alright, So cue is like a G that got tipped over. All right, Q. You remember the GS like it's this thick. The book was this thick. Que right, Q. You probably wouldn't sign it like this, cause it's awkward. So just cute, right? Q are we're just gonna cross the index and the middle finger so are right. And then tuck your thumb in our are s is just a fist like you're gonna fight someone s So it's a fist. It's not in a because the a thumbs on the outside. So take your thumb and put it on the on the front. So s s all right, t right? Just put that little thumb in between the index finger and the middle finger. All right? So t t right. You right. But these ones down come in and knees together. You, you, You right, You He's similar to you. You just make a peace sign, right? Take the you and you split it. Or you could just say, you know it's peace. All right. It's also like the number two. All right, two fingers piece, man. No. You okay? We're going to do three fingers All right. So just take your thumb and your pinkie. Put those down and you have W l B. Right x. Think of like Captain Hook. You have Ah, hook. Right. Ah, right. So how do we make it? Get rid of these three fingers, which is thumb in and hook, Bend over your index finger a little bit hook. Look Right. But when you sign it, you probably won't go like the picture, like awkward. So just do like this X x. This is the right hand. Shape and position, hand shape and formation. Just go like that X, right? Why? Why is kind of, like, hang loose, man, right? Why? Just that you're going to face them. Not going like this. You're going like this. So this part your palm will face forward. Why wine? Why? And z use the index finger and just draw Z like trace a Z in the air. Z z the leg. Zorro. Do you ever watch the movie or the TV show Z? Right? There you go. All right. So let's quickly go through all of the letters, and then we'll move forward. All right, so here we go. Let's do the ABC is doing with me, and I urge you to say it out loud because when you say it out loud, you can kind of get a rhythm, and then you just get practice and then it becomes fluid. Okay, so here we go. Okay. Being see day. Hey, F de eight I j Okay. No, him in. Oh, okay. You r s t you be over you x Why z And now I know my a b C's Okay. Sounds pretty good. Let's move forward. 3. Four (4) Fingerspelling Rules: okay, because this course has a lot of finger spelling. It's a good idea to know the four finger spelling rules. OK, so let's start. Here we go. Number one, right? Use your dominant hand. OK? In other words, finger spell or even sign. Just sign with the hand that you're most comfortable with. Okay? So I'm right handed for me. It's most comfortable to finger spelled h e l l o with my right hand, right. If you're lefty or even if you're right, he But you feel more comfortable signing with your left hand. Go nuts. All right. So use your dominant hand. Or, in other words, just finger spell sign with the hand that you're most comfortable with. Okay, so this is the same for finger spelling and first sign, whatever you're most comfortable with, because the goal is clear communication and being understood. Right? Okay. All right. Let's go to rule number two. OK, sign in front of your shoulder. Right. So think of it this way. Pretend there's kind of like a box here, like one of those old TV sets that you know, thick and big. Right? So there's an area right here in front of your shoulder. And that's where you put your hand when your finger spelling. All right, so if I'm gonna sign or finger spelled h e l l o see how it's here. It's in the box. And the reason is, when you sign here, people can still look at your eyes, make eye contact, but still take in your hand signs right in what you're signing. The whole idea is communication and respectful communication usually means you're making eye contact right and taking in what people are signing. So if I sign like this h e l l o The farther I get up to the side, the more that people have to go, right. They have to go back and forth to watch your hand and your eyes, so keep it in the box, sign in front of your shoulder. All right. So, like, about out here, you don't have to, like, go way back here where it's uncomfortable. Then it just is a headache for communication, just, you know, right in front. Uh, h e l l O lo. All right. So let's go to rule number three. Okay, Double letters. All right. Even that word right there. T t right. Repeat a little to the side. Okay, so I'm right handed. So if I'm gonna spell this word right here letter or letters, I would go. L e t T E e R s. Did you see it? You see how I moved the tee? The second t a little bit to the sign. All right. L e t T e r s All right. So you can slide. You go. T t. Maybe you could just move it up and down a little bit, t t. But either way, we need some movement in there, because if I just go t t I mean, they can't hear me sane t t. So they're watching my hand, and they're like, Well, you spelled it wrong. There are two t is in that word. If you're left handed, just go off to the side a little bit. The other direction, right? L e t T e r s. All right. Either way, you keep it in the box, right? L E t T E R s letters. So let's do a little bit of practice. Why not? All right, So we have the name read or just the word read. Okay, So r e b right r e d He's one e and then to ease r e d huh? We go, Let's dio Jenny Okay, J sign with me. Finger spell with me, OK? J e n n Why? See the ends N n right? And j e N N y. All right. What else? We have We have Billy. Okay. B i l l i e All right. B i l l i e Okay, Good, good, good. So remember, double letters off to the side for the 2nd 1 Number four. OK, rule rule number four is don't bounce. Okay, so let me show you two versions off this name. Okay, so we have Henry. All right, so I'm gonna finger spell it two different versions and you tell me which one is easier to understand. OK, so here is version number one. Right, Henry, Here is version number two. Ok, do you notice it's easy, right? So if I am bound seen if I'm going h e and are why you know I'm filled with good emotion, have been able to sign with someone for a while, so I'm just like, yeah, I'm a eight e and our why? My good positive energy is wonderful, but my bouncy motions are a headache for whoever is trying to understand me, right? So just, you know, the person is trying to take it in like h e. And, uh, it's a headache, right? So the idea is to not bounce right. If you go up and down a little bit h e and R, why not a big deal? But when you start bouncing and flying around, it becomes a big deal because it's a communication barrier and we're looking for clear communication, right? So it would just be a ci e n r. Why once again, h e n r. Why not h e m r? Why no, don't bounce. Okay. Oh, yes. I should saw a visual. If you bounce, you know it's dizzy and makes people with dizzy because they're trying to follow you. They want to talk with you. They're thrilled. Deaf people are usually thrilled if you come up to them and you want to sign the like, Wow, Another signer. Fantastic. Just be clear with your signs, right? Don't make them busy with your h e Ed are Why, Okay, so we talked about the four fingers spelling rules. Let's just do a quick review. You is your dominant hand. In other words, used the hand that you're most comfortable with. Number to sign in front of your shoulder. So pretend there's like, a box here, stick your hand in it and sign, huh? Okay. Double letters. Repeat a little bit to the side. So we're doing hello. H e l l o. Because we need to communicate its two letters. Right? And maybe the most important one for clear communication is don't bounce. It makes people dizzy. Okay, so those were the four fingers Billing rules. Wonderful. 4. Practice - Names: Okay, let's do some practice. Finger spelling the names that were going to use in this course. And we're going to also take a look at the format for the tests. Right. The tests. Okay, First, let's do the names. We've done the alphabet A B C's. We've also done the finger spelling rules, so let's put it into action. The first name is Tom. Okay, let's do it together. T oh, him. All right, Tom, Let's do it two times from the rest position. This is the rest position. Here we go. Okay. So that is the name Tom. The guy's name was Tom. Lady's name is Ruth. All right, let's do it together. Are u t age? Okay, Ruth, let's do it two times from the rest position. Here we go. Okay. So that was the 2nd 1st name. Now let's do the last names. Here we go. Thing right. Finger spell with me. Here we go. OK, I in Z King. Okay, two times from the rest position. Here we go. Okay. So that is king. The other last name. Waas Jones. Here we go. J Oh, in e Yes. Jones, Right. Two times from the rest position. Let's do it, Bones. Okay, So what did the first names were? The last names. Let's do the complete name. Right. So we have Tom King, right? So let's do it. Okay. Did you notice how I pause? Just a little bit in between the two words reason I do this is to communicate, to make it crystal clear that it's a to name the person with two names. First name, last name, right? If I just go like this, and I just make it a long string of letters, it's a little bit more difficult to, you know, You have to put the extra mental effort to Okay, Where do we Where did the words begin and where did they end? If I do a small little paws like this, my hand goes down just a little bit and I go back up for King. It's crystal clear that it's Tom King. Okay, so let's do Tom King three times from the rest position. Here we go. Put a small pause in between. Here we go. Okay. So that was Tom King. All right, Now the Lady Ruth Jones. Okay, so let's do it. Okay. Did you see my small pause. So we had Ruth and then I pause just a little bit by going down, back up to Jones. Okay, so let's do it three times from the rest position. Finger spells signed with me. Here we go. - Okay , So that was Ruth Jones. Now, remember I told you that there's going to be a test. All right? Now, the first part of the test, I will show you something, all right? So words will appear right. And you're gonna sign before me, and I'm gonna wait for a moment and then all sign it. But the idea is that you sign it before I can. Okay, so let's just do a quick test. Here we go. I'll show you something. You sign it in this section, we're gonna do a finger spelling, so I'll show it to you. Finger spell it before me. Here we go. Okay. So we did. Jones. I showed it to you. I waited a little bit, and then I signed. Okay. The second section is where I'm going to finger spell or I'm gonna sign and you're trying to look at me, huh? What's he doing? What's he saying? Ah ha. you try to understand what I'm signing. Okay, so let's take a look. Okay? So watch me. I'll do it two times. Here we go. Okay. So what did I finger spell? What did I sign? It was Ruth, right? Are you T h? Okay. So the next time you see me, I will be wearing glasses, and I will be quiet. Okay? So I'll just be signing. But we just talked about the format, so it won't be a surprise. Let's do it. Let's have some fun. 7. TOM KING LOVE RUTH JONES A-LOT.: Okay, let's get into the first sentence. All right. The English version is Tom King loves Ruth Jones a lot. How nice They have sell the American sign. Language version is Tom King. Love Ruth Jones a lot. Okay, so they're quite similar, but they also have their differences. All right, so we've already learned how to finger spell, right, Tom King, Ruth Jones. Now we're going to learn the signs for love and a lot. Let's do it. 8. Learn - Sign for LOVE: here is the sign for love from the side. Um, so the hand shapes were going to use the letter s is letter s for both hands. All right, so the S is just a fist. Now put your arms here and bring them in. Kind of like you're hugging yourself. All right, So I'm writing. My dominant hand is my right hand. So I put that one on the inside, left one a little bit on the outside and bring him in. Uh, if you're Lefty, but do the opposite. All right. So low from the side. Love. Other side? No. Okay, let's do this Sign three times from the rest position. Here we go. Love, love, love. Okay. Remember once again and shapes s position and just come in here and do a kind of a hug yourself, Love. If you want to finger spell the word, it's L o B e. Remember, a finger spelling is like insurance, because if you forget this sign, you're like, Oh, you could just huh? Finger spell. Okay, Great. 9. Learn - Sign for A-LOT: here is the sign for a lot. Okay, so we're going to use this. Hand shaped kind of like you're gonna pick up a ball right now. We're putting them together. We don't actually touch them. We just kind of get close, and then we go out. Wow, right, A lot from the side. Other side. Okay. Lets two or three times from the rest position. Here we go. A line a lot. Okay. Keep in mind that we can add the sign with our facial expression to emphasize what's happening, right. What is the situation? Is it like a lot is like, you know, the quantities. Somewhat big. Not that much. So So it's a lot. Or is it like, wow, if it's like, Whoa, it's a huge month. What? Put it in your face and it becomes very clear that it's like a huge a huge amount. Okay, Okay. Once again, this is the hand shape. All right? Put your hands together and go out a lot. A lot. This was the sign for a lot 10. Practice - Complete Sentence: Okay, so we learned all of the parts, so we should be able to sign the sentence. Right? Let's do it. Okay. Sign with me. Here we go. Um, King love Ruth Jones. A lot. Pretty cool, huh? We put it all together, and now we have a complete thought, right? All right, let's do it again. Um, King love Ruth Jones a lot. Okay, Practice as much as you need to until you feel comfortable. All right, One more time. What do you think? Yes, there's still a little more time. Okay. Fine with me. Okay. Wonderful. 11. TOM FALL-IN-LOVE EASY.: okay. In English, we would say Tom falls in love easily. Alright. In American sign language, Tom, fall in love. Easy. That means we need to learn fall in love The sign for fall in love and easy. All right, let's do it. 12. Learn - Sign for FALL-IN-LOVE: here is a sign for fall in love. Okay, We're going to use both hands with your non dominant hand, so I'm right handed, So my non dominant hand is my left one. Make a platform. All right, this is the hand shape. Make a platform. Okay. With your dominant hand for me, it's my right hand. Use your index fingers, stick your index finger up like you're gonna point. Okay, now, this part right here, just put it lightly against your chin. All right? Like this. Now we're going to go out and bounced two times on our platform, right from the back to the forward, back to forward to times. Okay, That's the complete sign. Fall in love. Okay. From the side. Other side. Okay, So I guess Imagine the imagine your emotions were just shooting out and you're falling in love. All right, let's do the sign three times from the rest position. Here we go. Okay. Once again with your non dominant hand, make a platform with your dominant hand. I'm righty. So I use my right hand index finger. This part right here comes to our chin that we're gonna bounce two times on the platform. Hey, this was a sign for fall in love 13. Learn - Sign for EASY: here is a sign for easy. Okay, We're going to use both hands. Gonna close up our fingers and kind of cup them a little bit. Curve them a little bit. Your non dominant hand. Put it down here. Kind of like you're trying to catch a drop of water like that. Your dominant hand. Use your fingertips and rub the fingertips. The back of the fingertips of this hand twice. All right. Kind of like you're waving the energy towards yourself. All right? Just twice. No easy from the sign. Easy. Other side. Easy. All right, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Easy, easy, easy. All right. Remember, you can add in your facial expression who emphasize that it's really easy or just regular easy. Okay. Regular easy. Might be something like this. Really easy. It's not even worth my time. It's just so easy. Easy. Okay, so once again, these hand shapes, right, one down here the other Here, take the tips right here and brush past twice the tips of the other hand. Right? Easy, easy. Okay. This was assigned for easy 14. Practice - Complete Sentence: Okay, let's do the full sentence. Here we go. Sign with me. Um, fall in love. Easy. Mm. All right. Once again, um, falls in love. Easy. All right, one more time. Okay. Let me sort to you a little bit closer to regular speed. All right? Don't forget your facial expression. If you know, Tom and he falls in love like, ah, every day or every hour. Put it in your facial expression, right? So something like this, if it's just regular, you know, once in a while, he falls in love. Maybe Would be like this, okay? 15. RUTH ALREADY MARRIED.: okay. In English, we would say Ruth is already married. All right. In American sign language, we would say Ruth already married. Okay, you might be noticing that the is is gone, because in American sign language, Amaar is was were those small little words which are important in English. They don't do him in American sign language. They throw him out. American sign language is very effective and efficient because it focuses on the message. What is the most important thing that we need to communicate for effective communication? So, Ruth already married. Okay, That means we need to learn the signs for already and married. Okay, let's learn them. 16. Learn - Sign for ALREADY: Here is the sign for already. Okay. We're going to use hand shapes like this. First turn your palms in, put him about here right in front of you, and then just rotate quickly out. All right? Finished. Kind of. Imagine, Like we're wiping our hands clean of something because we're no longer doing it. It's already done. Right, So this sign can work for finished. All done completed and in our circumstance is going to be already Okay. Already from the sign other side. Okay, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Sign with me already. Already already. Okay, so the hand shapes like this turn them into so the palms are facing yourself, right? And then just rotate quickly out both hands already. Okay, This was a sign for already. 17. Learn - Sign for MARRIED: here is a sign for married. Okay, both hands on this one. The hand shapes fingers together now kind of loose. I know. Curved a little bit. Hand shapes. Put one down here. Your non dominant hand for me. My non dominant hand is left hand Right hand. I'll put it up here and then we just clasp our hands together. All right? Like you're joining hands in marriage because you're married from the side. Married, other side married. Okay, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Married. Okay. Your hands might make kind of ah, clapping sound. That's fine. It's just married. All right, so once again, hand shapes fingers together, curve a little bit. One down, one above and then clasped together. Married. Okay, this was a sign for married. 18. Practice - Complete Sentence: Okay, let's sign the full sentence. Here we go. All right, sign with me. Ruth. Already married. All right, once again, remember, we can use our facial expressions to kind of show intimate knowledge or to emphasize, right? If we know Ruth and we know Tom and we're like, you know, Tom keeps bugging Ruthie's kind of strange. We can add our facial expression to kind of kind of express that, for example, right, So in English Might be like Ruths already married. Hello. Right in American Sign language. You could be like, right. Use the facial expressions if you ever watch deaf people sign. Wow, they're just explosive with facial expressions movement. And they're just alive alive. O k Once again, let's sign the complete sentence. Here we go. Sign with me. Okay. Ruth, already married. 19. RUTH THINK TOM CRAZY.: Okay, So in English, we would say Ruth thinks Tom is crazy in sign language. We take out the is and s on the think we don't need to worry about conjugation and just say Ruth, think Tom Crazy. Mm. Well, we know how to finger spell Ruth and Tom. So that means we need to learn, Think and crazy the signs for think and crazy. Let's do it. 20. Learn - Sign for THINK: here is a sign for think. If you want to finger spell it, it's tea. H I and K. OK, once again, the sign. All right. Pretty straightforward. Just stick out your index finger like you're gonna point and then just put your finger on your head, right? Like your brain. Think. I think from the side. Think other side. Think. Okay, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. I think Think. Okay. Lovely sign. It's great when they're so straightforward and easy to remember. Okay, so think Index finger, Just take your hand and go like this. Good. All right. Don't going back your head over here. Just go right here, I think. Okay, if you want to finger spell the word, it's T h i N k. Okay. This was the sign for think 21. Learn - Sign for CRAZY: here is a sign for crazy. If you want the finger, spell it. It's C R a z. Why? Okay. The sign. Once again, I'm sure you've seen this sign before. Even outside the deaf community, right? Is very It's kind of universal. You think someone's kind of wacko? Gugu right? Or behind your back There back, you're like, Right. Okay. So just take your index finger and go around your ear a couple times, so I'm right handed. I'll use my dominant hand, and I'll do it over here. If you're lefty, use your dominant hand your left hand, and go like that. All right. So crazy from the side. Crazy. Other side crazy. Okay, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Crazy. Crazy, Crazy. All right. Remember, you can always add in extra facial expression when you really want to emphasize or over emphasize something. So if someone just a little bit crazy could just be like if they're, like recon crazy, you could be like, right? Just added into your face, and it makes it even clear for the communication to describe the situation. Okay, so once again, the sign for crazy used that index finger like you're gonna point put at your ear. Go around a couple times at in the face Crazy if you want to finger spell it. C r a z Y Okay. This was a sign for crazy. 22. Practice - Complete Sentence: Okay, so we know the signs. Let's put it together and make the complete sentence. Here we go. Sign with me. Fine with me. Okay. Once again. Here we go. Ruth, I think, um, crazy again. Here we go with me. Ruth, think Tom Crazy. Okay. Is very helpful to add in a facial expression when you get too crazy. Because it emphasises that Ruth thinks Tom's crazy. If I do like stone face, watch this, OK, You get the message, right? You understand what I'm saying? But if you really want to get the message, it should look something more like this. All right, Good. Wonderful. Okay, So we did the sign. The sentence are What the heck? Let's sign it again. Here we go. Right. Ruth thinks Tom is crazy. Okay, wonderful. 23. TOM WILL MARRY RUTH? IMPOSSIBLE.: Okay, So in English, we would say, Well, Tom, Mary Ruth, it's impossible. Or maybe something like It's impossible that Tom would marry Ruth. Right? To communicate that same idea in American sign language will say arm will. Mary Ruth. Impossible. Okay, we know how to figure. Spell the names. So we need to take a look at the science for Will Mary and Impossible. What are we waiting for? Let's do it. 24. Learn - Sign for WILL: here is the sign for Will. If you want to finger spell it for some reason or if you meet a person named will, you could go W i L l Right. So there are two l's the first ones regular. The 2nd 1 Opt the sign. W i L l Okay, once again. The sign. All right. So when we're talking about Will here, we're not talking about the name we're talking about. Will, as in something in the future. All right, so this also works for future will. All right, So this is the hand shape, right? Like this. Not open. Tight, tight together. Put your hand right about here. Not touching your face. Just about out here. Maybe a little bit in front of your face and just make a motion. One motion outward. All right, from the side. Will. Other sign, will. All right, Will painless. Do it three times from the rest position signed with me. Here we go. Will. Will. Will. Okay. So you could kind of think of it like the karate chop hand. Whatever. You're just gonna put it here, and then one move forward, will. All right. Okay. This was the sign for Will 25. Learn - Sign for MARRY: here is a sign for Mary. Mm doesn't look familiar. First, if you like the finger, spell it. It's m a r r. Why double ours? So the 1st 1 regular position the 2nd 1 off to the sign m A r R Why? If you're lefty, just go. The first are here. Regular 2nd 1 off to the side. All right, so this should look familiar, right? Because Mary is the same sign as married. It's a two for one deal. Great. Okay, so marry the sign for Mary is the same as a sign for married. Wonderful. How will we know if it's Mary or married? The context, the situation, the sentence we make will make it clear you'll be understood. OK, so just to review once again, these are the hand shapes, both hands, all right. Kind of fingers tight together and a little bit curved, I guess. Con cave. Whatever. Take your non dominant hand. Put it down here. Your dominant hand. I'm right handed. So I'll use this for my dominant hand and just go like this. You're going to clasp hands like you're getting married, right? Ah, How nice. Mary from the side. Mary other side. Very. All right, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Very, very, very OK. And I think I mentioned before there might be a clapping sound. That's fine. You could do it soft. You could do, like all right, whatever the situation calls for. Okay, this was a sign for Mary and shapes like this. Very If you want to finger spell it, it's m a r r. Why? Okay. Wonderful. 26. Learn - Sign for IMPOSSIBLE: here is a sign for impossible If you want to finger spell it, It's I m p O S s I b l e. Right. Double s first regular position. The 2nd 1 off to the side. Okay. All right. So the sign once again, is we're going to use both hands and of facial expression and head movement. Okay, total package. So with your non dominant hand, I'm righty. So this is my non dominant hand. Make this hand shape, and we're going to make a platform. Okay? With your dominant hand for me. Righty. Make the why shape as in the letter X y z Why? Okay, Now take this part and banging on your hand twice. All right, Here we go. Okay. So while you're doing that, So the situation, it called for the word impossible. So we're going to shake our head. Mm. It's not gonna happen. Impossible. Right? And do how hard you hit your hand. I mean, you could tap it. That's fine. But if the situation dictates of the situation needs, that's freaking possible. Impossible. Right. If you wanted to extra motion, do it if the situation is necessary. Okay? So once again, the sign for Impossible. All right, from the side. Other side. Okay, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Impossible. Impossible. Okay, so this was a sign for impossible. We have our platform. We have the letter. Why bang it twice. Add the head shake and you have the total packets. All right. Okay. If you want to finger spell the word, it's I m p o S s I b l e Hey, this was a sign for impossible. 27. Practice - Complete Sentence & Question: Okay. We're just about ready to sign this whole thing. We need to do a couple things. First. We need to make sure it's a question. And understood is a question and not a statement. Mm. Okay. So I'm gonna do it. I'm gonna sign it. You watch me figure out. What did I do to make it a question? Here we go. Okay, Now, let me sign it as a statement. Okay. Did you notice the difference at the question? I went like this at the end of the sentence, I raise my eyebrows. I leaned forward just a little bit. Not crazy. This a little bit forward and had an inquisitive look on my face. Uh, I want to know something. OK, we raise our eyebrows, we raise our eyebrows because this is a yes. No question. It's a question that you can answer. Yes, No. Or maybe. OK, so here's what it looks like again. Sign with me. Okay. The 1st 3 words Tom will marry. You can have a regular expression. You can raise your eyebrows if you want. No worries. But once you get to rule with the last word, we need to make sure we end it with the raised eyebrows and, like, a question we want to know. Okay, let's do it again. Here we go. All right. We just left it as OK. Tell us. We need to know. All right, let's practice it as a statement. Now, this is just we're sharing information, so no need to lean forward and all that stuff, huh? Just share it as a statement. Just sign it. Here we go. Sign with me. Uh, Tom will marry Ruth. Were just sharing information. All right, let's do the question one more time. Sign with me. Here we go. Good. Good. Okay, So we did the statement. The question. Our situation calls for a question. Well, let's do it all Alright. We know how to do it. Okay. Sign with me. Okay. Let's do it again. Tom, Will. Mary Ruth impossible. All right, again. Here we go. Tom, Will. Mary Ruth. Impossible. Okay, so remember, impossible. Shake your head. It's not gonna happen. Impossible. All right, let's do it once again, OK? Remember the question. Raise your eyebrows. Lean forward. A little bit inquisitive. Look. Okay, let's do the sentence one more time. The whole thing. Okay? We signed this whole thing. Fabulous. Let's move forward. 28. Practice - Vocab Test Format: Okay, let's do some practice before the test. That's right. The test. What's this? It's a timer. Yes. In the first section, I'm going to show you something. And immediately after I showed to you, I'm going to start the timer. All right, So you're going to race the timer and see if you can sign what I show you before the timers up. When the timer's up, then I will sign. OK, so if you need to pause the video, it's OK. It's okay. You can also just race the timer, see if you can do it, See if you can improve. All right. So I want to show you how it looks. So you have a great idea what's gonna happen? We're only going to be signing the vocabulary words. The single words that we learned, you know, love, impossible stuff like that to see if you can remember with speed. All right. So let's do it. I'm gonna show you something and you race the timer. This is practice. Go for here we go. Okay. So did you sign? Think. All right. Did you beat the timer? Did you need to pause the video? No worries. All right. So I think the timer is I think it's four seconds or so. So you have this much time to sign whatever I show up here. Okay, So this one was Think the next part? After that, there won't be a timer who timers gone. But you're going to need toe watch me, because I'm going to sign. You're gonna look at me. And, uh, what's he signing? Ah ha. When you understand what I'm signing you composite video. Have me do it again. That's fine. Just say it out loud. What am I signing? Okay, so let's do it. I'm gonna sign something. I'll do it twice. You try to understand. Here we go. Okay. So what did I sign? I signed a lot. That's right. A lot. Okay, so the next time you see me, I will have my awesome glasses on, but let's do it. Let's go to the test 31. Practice - Sentences: Okay, let's do some practice before the test. Okay? So, first part what you see you sign. OK, so I will wait and then I will sign. Ok, while we're doing it, you're gonna have a 15 2nd timer. Um, this is what it looks like. The sentences are of different length, So if you finish early, just sign it again. All right? If you need more time, the timer's running out. Just pause the video. No worries. Okay, so there's the timer's running out will reset it. Let's do a practice one. So I'm gonna show it to you. You sign it when the timer's up, I will sign it. Okay. Okay. That's the first part. All right. So the first part will have the time or the second part will not have the timer, because I will be signing. Okay, So I sign. You're watching. Ah ha. What's happening? Ah ha. You try to understand what I'm signing. Okay, here we go. Okay. So what did I sign? I signed Ruth already married. Okay, Okay. Let's jump in. Let's do the test. 34. Practice | Complete Story: Okay, so it's time to practice this. This is our goal, right? So let's go step-by-step and practice before the final test. Alright, let's go sentence by sentence. Let's sign together. Here we go. Okay, let's add in a sentence. All right, so this sentence, this one, let's do them altogether. Starts at the top. Go down, no hurry. Sign with me. Here we go. All right. Let's add a sentence. Let's start at the top. Go down, and we'll make our way through. Here we go. With me. If you need to pause the video. Let's do it. Add a sentence. I start at the top, work your way down. Pause the video if you need to. Sign with me. Okay? Alright, let's start at the top. We're gonna do the whole thing. Alright. Here we go. Sign with me. Pause the video if you need to know where it is. Impossible. Okay. So we did the whole thing. This was practice because the next step is for you to do it all by yourself and do it before the timer. But timer finishes, I'm gonna give you 60 seconds. One minute, I'll be here, I'll be here with you. I'll just hang out until you sign it all and try to beat the timer. If it's not working, right, if the timer is in the middle, you need to pause it. That's okay. You can go back and practice again in improved until you can beat the timer. Okay, so next section, I'll have my glasses on. I won't be seen anything. And I'll show you the stuff. There'll be a timer sign like crazy. Okay, let's do it. 36. Explore - Test Format: Okay, so in the last couple of lessons were going to do mawr practice. Okay, The next lesson you'll see. You'll see this, Uh, and you'll have, ah, 45 2nd timer. Okay. The lesson. Immediately after that, you'll have a 32nd timer. So while you're signing, I'll run the timer and I'll hang out after the timers finished. I'll start the timer again, and then all sign so you know that I can do it as well. Feel free to sign with me. Okay, Let's do it. Let's do some extra practice. 37. Sign | Story With 45 Sec Timer: This is a silent lesson. 38. Sign | Story With 30 Sec Timer: This is a silent lesson. 39. Explore | New Story: All right. So we signed all of this way to go her Ray. Um, but what if we learned new names, new signs and change the details of the story? Interesting. Well, I think it's a fabulous idea. So here's what we're going to do. We're going to change the names. Now. We have Xavier Patel and Becky Man, and we're also going to change some of the signs in this story. So we're going to learn the signs for have flowers. Still single, maybe. Okay, so the story will look like this. Xavier Patel. Love Becky man a lot. Xavier have flowers, Becky. Love flowers. Becky. Still single. Xavier will marry Becky, maybe. Okay, let's do it. Let's practice finger spelling the names. Learn the new vocabulary. Put it all together. Okay, here we go. 40. Practice | New Names: Okay, so let's practice finger spelling the names. All right? So you and I are gonna sign together. Finger spell together. All right, here we go. All right. The first name. Xavier. Let's do it. X a three i e r. Alright. Again. X a b i e are OK, so it's a good idea to practice the names, because once we get to the full sentences and the full narrative, if we've already practiced the names, it just flows easier, right? We don't have to take so much time. Finger spelling. Okay, once again, Here we go. Xavier again. Why not? Cheerio, Xavier. Okay, So Xavier's last name is Patel. Let's do it. Hey, a t e l again. Okay. A t e l m but tell but tell. Okay, so first in last name. Here we go. Remember, it's the same person, but it's two separate names, right? A first name and a last name. So we need to pause in the middle. Okay, let's do it. X a B i e r. Pause b a t e l. Okay, so at Xavier Patel will do it again in just a second. Okay, here we go. Let's do it x a b i e r Pause p a t e l. Okay, Xavier, but tell All right, Xavier, but till Okay, good, good. All right. So let's go explore the other person's name. Right? First name is Becky. Let's do it. Brie E C k. Why b e c k. Why? All right, Becky? Again. Becky, I'm all right. And her last name is man. Okay, Double letter. What do we do with the double? And do you remember? Here we go. I m a n n. All right. Two ends. First ones regular. 2nd 1 op to the side. Just a little bit If you're lefty first and is regular and go the other way Other side. Okay, let's do it. Em a in in man again, man. Okay, so let's do her full name. Becky, man. Let's do it. B E c A. Why pause. M a n n B e c a y Pause. M a n n. All right. Let's do it. Becky, man. Uh huh. Becky, man. Okay, so if you need to practice, go back, practice the names. It's just great if you could do it, you know, smooth. It means you can focus more on the bigger picture once we get to the sentences and the narrative. All right, so we finger spell the practice finger spelling all of the names. All right, Wonderful. 41. Learn | Sign for HAVE: Here is the sign for Have If you want to finger spell it, it's h A V E Once again, the sign is have All right, we're going to use two hands, right hand shapes, air. Kind of like this where the fingers air down there tight together, but they're down and they're kind of bent. All right, so you're going to start out here and then go in. All right? So out and then in I'm actually touching my chest lightly. Don't have to drill it in there. Just half. All right from the side. Have other side. Yeah. All right, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Sign with me. Have have ham. Okay, so we look over the picture. Here's a bonus sign for you, Apple. All right. Using the knuckle of my index finger, put it here. Your cheek twist. All right, apple. Alright, So have apple have ample. All right, so the sign for have once again both hands these air, the hand shapes. All right, kind like that starts out a little bit from your chest. Goes in. Yeah, have If you want to finger spell the word, it's h a b e. All right. This was a sign for how 42. Learn | Sign for FLOWERS: Here is the sign for flowers. If you want to finger spell the word, it's f l o W E r s. Once again, the sign is flowers. Right. Here's the hand shape. Pretend you're picking up some powder. All right, We just need one hand on this sign. So you're picking up the powder. That's the hand shape. Now take the tips and tap once on your cheek and once on the other side. Alright. Flowers okay. From the side flowers. Other side flowers. Hey, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Flowers, flowers, flowers. Okay, so this sign works for a single flower. It works for multiple flowers. And you might be like, huh? How do we differentiate? Well, if the person standing there and they're holding this bouquet, it's kind of obvious that we're referring to multiple flowers. Right? If we can see the flowers, maybe you would just say one flower or maybe would say a lot of flowers or a few a few flowers. All right, so this was a sign for flowers, hand shaped like this. Kind of like picking up some powder right here. 12 flowers. OK, If you want to finger spell the word, it's f l o w e r s. Okay. This was a sign for flowers. 43. Learn | Sign for STILL: here is a sign for still, if you want to finger spell the word, it's s T I l l Okay, once again, the sign still and we're talking about still as in in progress. Something is continuing. We're not talking about a calm Still like no, something is in progress. Okay, so we're going to use the same hand shape for both hands. It's a letter. Why? Like X y Z in the alphabet? Why? So place your wise a boat here. Palm down. Right. Move forward and curb up. Alright. Still from the side. Still from the other side still writes. You see that curving motion? Uh, from the front. Once again. Still. All right, let's sign. Still three times from the rest position. Here we go. Still still still. Okay. So quick. Review letter wise for both hands. Put them about here. Forward and up. All right. Still, it's in motion. It's still continuing. Its in progress still. All right. If you want to finger spell the word, it's s t I l l Okay. This was assigned for still 44. Learn | Sign for SINGLE: Here is a sign for single. If you want to finger spell the word, it's s I N G l e Once again, the sign is single. All right, We're going to use one hand. Your dominant hand. I'm right handed. The finger shape is with hand shape. Is the pointer finger number one like that? Hardly going appointed someone. We're just going to leave it so that the tip of the finger is pointing straight up. OK, put your hand a boat here with the back of the hand facing forward whoever you're talking to. OK, now we're going to do a circle with that finger. We're gonna do a rotation, maybe. All right, So same hand shape stays vertical. Just do a circle. Alright. Single single from the side. Single other side. Single right from the front. Once again. Single. Let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Single, single, single. Okay. This sign also works for alone. All right, So could be single. It could be alone, depending on the context of situation. Okay, in our situation, she's single as and she's not married. She's not in a relationship, a long term relationship right. Single. All right. Once again to make the sign Index finger. Turn it around. Point is straight up. All right. Back of the hand. Pacing facing forward. Do a circle. A small circle single. We're not doing this big thing over here. We're just doing single single. Okay? If you want to finger spell the word, it's s i n g l e. Okay. This was the sign for single 45. Learn | Sign for MAYBE: here is a sign for maybe if you want to finger spell the word, it's m a. Why b e Once again, the sign is, maybe we're going to use both hands. And here's the hand shape. All right. Fingers tight together. Not loose like this. Tight together. All right, put your palms down here. Palms facing up, Hands down here. Palms facing up. Okay. And we're just going to go one up, one down. Kind of like this. Kind of like scales. Right? You're weighing something. Hmm. Maybe from the side. Maybe other side, maybe. Okay. From the front. Once again, maybe. Right. If you add in a facial expression kind of showing that you're unsure we don't know it. You know, maybe if you just do a robot face, you'll be understood. But it's just not very communicative. And it doesn't explain, you know, show what's happening in the situation. Okay, So if something like this All right, let's do it three times from the rest position. Here we go. Maybe, maybe, maybe. Okay, Hand shaped like this. Both hands down here. One up, one down. All right. We're not going together. We're not raising an elevator. It's like scales you're weighing back and forth at in the facial expression. Make it a complete package. Okay, if you want to finger spell the word, it's m a. Why, B e. Okay. This was assigned for maybe 46. Practice | New Sentences: Okay, So we're well on our way to signing the complete narrative Before we do that. Let's break it apart into each sentence and we'll practice signing. Each sentence will do it together. So the first sentences. Xavier Patel, love Becky man a lot. All right, let's jump in. I think this sentence so out of all of them, has the most finger spelling. So let's attack. Let's do it. Here we go. Finger spell and sign with me, Aereo Xavier. But tell love, Becky man a lot. All right, again. Here we go, Xavier. But tell love, Becky, man a lot. All right, Let's go a little bit quicker, Xavier. But tell love, Becky. Man a lot. How sweet. All right, let's go to the next sentence. Okay. You Xavier have flowers. Oh, nice. All right, here we go. Xavier, have flowers. Hey, Xavier. Have flowers. All right, A little bit quicker. Xavier, Have flowers. Good. Good. And guess what? Becky loves flowers. Or in SL Becky love flowers. Here we go. Becky Love flowers. Becky, love flowers a little bit quicker. Becky. Love flowers. Ok, Nice short and sweet Sentence. What else? Becky's still single. Okay, here we go, Becky. Still single. Okay, so still and single. Okay, here we go again. Sign with me. Here we go. Becky. Still single a little bit quicker. Becky. Still single. Okay. Xavier, will. Mary. Becky, maybe. Okay, here we go. We have a question. So remember, once we do, when we figure spell Becky, we get to the end of Becky with the why go like this. Raise your eyebrows. Lean forward. Inquisitive. Look, it's a yes. No question. Which we could answer. Yes. No. Or maybe I rose up. Lean forward. Here we go. Sign with me. Xavier, Will. Mary Becky A B. All right again. Here we go. Xavier, Will. Mary. Becky, maybe. Okay. So once again, just a quick reminder when you do the question expression, you know, like that You don't have to do it for the full sentence. When you're signing Xavier, Will Mary just have a regular face? Is kind of awkward and uncomfortable to go like this the whole time. All right, so let's sign it again. Here we go. Xavier, Will. Mary Becky Avery. Okay, so we did all of the sentences. I think we're ready to jump in and tackle the whole narrative. All right, let's do it. 47. Practice | New Story: Okay, so let's practice together. We're going to do the whole narrative. We're gonna go a chunk by chunk by chunk by chunk and do it all and we'll do it together so we can practice before the test. Okay, so sign with me. Let's start with the first sentence. Nice and slow. Nice and easy. Let's do it. Here we go, Xavier. But tell love Burki man a lot. Xavier Have flowers, Becky. Love flowers. Becky. Still single. Xavier will. Mary. Becky, maybe. Okay, great. We did the whole thing. Let's do it again. A little bit quicker. Sign finger spell with me. Here we go. Starting at the top. Let's go all the way down. Here we go, Xavier. But tell love, Becky. Man a lot. Xavier. Have flowers, Becky. Love flowers. Becky. Still single. Xavier, Will. Mary. Becky, maybe. All right. When you're signing the sentences in between the sentences, you can go down and rest for a moment, kind of collector thoughts, and then move forward. Or if you just want to keep signing and have your hands moving around. No worries. Couple things remember in between the full names like Xavier Patel applies. You can either come down a little bit or just freeze for a moment. But we need to show that there's a first name and a last name. What else? What else? Before the test? The question. Becky, at the end. Raise your eyebrows. Yes, no question. Lean forward. A little bit inquisitive. Look, you want to know? All right. If you need to practice again, practice with me. That's fine. The next step is the test and doing it with the timer. All right, let's do it. 50. Conclusion & Thank You: Thank you for studying with me in this course. OK, I hope you had a wonderful time because I had a wonderful time. Thank you. Okay. See you later.