50 Phrasal Verbs in Context(English vocabulary) | One Minute English | Skillshare

50 Phrasal Verbs in Context(English vocabulary)

One Minute English, English teacher

50 Phrasal Verbs in Context(English vocabulary)

One Minute English, English teacher

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6 Lessons (24m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:31
    • 2. Leisure

      5:16
    • 3. Money

      6:35
    • 4. Technology

      3:20
    • 5. Travel

      3:16
    • 6. Relationships

      5:04
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About This Class

Phrasal verbs are an important part of learning English. In this course, you will learn phrasal verbs by topic.

The following are topics included:

  • Relationships
  • Money
  • Technology
  • Travel
  • Leisure

To understand Phrasal verbs, it is best to see examples and learn them in context. I have presented you with plenty of examples in this course.

Phrasal verbs in English are best learned when you have an intermediate and advanced level. You can learn phrasal verbs with lists but it is better to learn phrasal verbs in groups by topic.

This course will be updated regularly with more topics. English vocabulary is something you need to improve at every stage of your English learning journey.

Phrasal verbs are great to learn if you are taking an English exam like IELTS, Duolingo English Test, TOEFL and TOEIC.

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One Minute English

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Hello, I'm Conor. I am a professional English teacher. I teach English online and I have been teaching for 10 years. I want to help students to study courses on skillshare as I love sharing how to communicate in English better!! Check out my facebook page One Minute English!

You can find lots of English guides on my Website https://oneminuteenglish.org/en/home/

 

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: In this course, you will learn phrasal verbs in context. Okay, So that means that we will take each topic and choose some phrasal verbs that are related to that topic. And I will give you some examples and explain the different phrasal verbs. My name is Connor and I'm an online English teacher. I run a popular websites called one-minute English, and I'm from Dublin in Ireland. Okay, I wish you the best of luck with this course, and don't forget to keep studying, keep practicing, and keep on learning English. 2. Leisure: Let's talk about phrasal verbs connected to leisure. Leisure is like your free time. Okay, Let's start with the first one. So catch up. Ok. You can see in the picture the two friends are talking, they're meeting rights. And so let's look at an example. We need to catch up soon. So we use catch up when we want to talk to someone we haven't talked to for a while. Okay, So maybe you need to meet this person for a coffee or something like that. And you say, Oh, we need to catch up. We need to talk about the news, the new things that are happening in our lives. All right. And the next one is come alone. Do you want to come along? So often we taught we use this when we're talking to a friend or something like that and we want to invite a third person. So it's me and John are going to the cinema. Do you want to come along? So we use come along when we invite someone to accompany us to go with us. So the next one is put off. Okay. Put off. Can we put off our date? Okay. What does that mean? Similar to postpone. Which means that you want to have this activity at a laser date sometime in the future. You can't go to the tes tonight, for example, but you want to go at a later date. So put off means to postpone and events to a later date. Again, it's not just the dates like a romantic date. It's any type of activity meeting, something like that. Okay. The next one is to join in. Everybody join in now, okay? And we use join in whenever you want everybody to participate, okay, so it's like the group coming together and everybody doing it. So think about singing, okay, when you want everyone to see things, they all join in the singing. The next one is to give up. Don't try. Just give up. Okay? Maybe something's very difficult. So just give up. And we use, we use give up when we wanted to stop an activity. So look at the picture there. There's cigarettes. So you say I gave up smoking. Go out. Okay. This one, some people think it means leave, which it doesn't really mean leave Exactly, Especially with leisure time. It means when you leave your house and go to a specific place like a bar or restaurant. That's what it means. So are you going out tonight? We use go out when we go to a party in a bar or restaurant. Okay. So it does mean leave, but it's not just leave to go for a walk or something like that. It means that you go to a bar or restaurant. So usually people go out on a Friday night or Saturday night or something like that. Okay. In the next one is dropped in. Okay, let's look at an example. I can drop in on the way. I can drop in on the way. Okay. So to drop in a quick visits. Okay. So we can use this for a friend's house. Usually when we have something, we just want to give them something and then go again. Or even for as a shop supermarket and say, I can drop into the supermarket and buy some. So it's a quick visit. Next one is calling or call over. I can call over later. Okay. This is also a visit, but it's a longer visit for a few hours or something. And I personally, I would use call over and to say to a friend or somebody say I can call over later. That means called Walk to the other person's house. Right? And visit the person's heads. And Colleen is similar, right? I would say that's more American English to say that and call over is more British English. And a lot of these phrasal verbs, right? They can be different in American English and British English. Okay, The next one is show up. So he never showed up. Okay. He never arrived. That's similar, right? So show up means to arrive, but we often use it when someone either doesn't show up or is light. So he showed up late. He never showed up. Okay. He never came, something like that. Okay. Next one is to take up. So let's look at the example. I took up the guitar last month. Okay? So take up is when you start a new hobby. Okay. So any so any type of hobby like golf or knitting or anything like that? Right. You take up stay in okay. As far as easy enough, right. I stayed in last weekend or you didn't go out, it's the opposite. Right? You stay in your heads. Stay in is when you do not go and you stay at home. 3. Money: Let's talk about phrasal verbs connected to money now. So the first one we're going to explain is do without, okay, do with that. So you will have to do with that meets. And we use do it when we can't have something because we have no money, right? So this is a bad situation where we say, oh, I have to do with that and Netflix for the next month because we are on a strict budget. Okay? And the next one is to save up. Okay? So save up is like when you're putting all your money together and he wants to buy something big like a house. All right, so you need to save up for a PlayStation, right? They are very expensive nav, so you can't just buy them in one month or something. So you need to save up for a PlayStation, right? So say Look, is when you say for a long time, for a big purchase, get by. So I can get by with $500 a month. So we use good-bye to show the minimum amount of money we need to live. All right, so this is kind of, this could be different for everybody writes, It is different for everybody. Some people find it very difficult to get by with a lot of money, even though, because their lifestyle is very luxurious, right? And, and in different cities is more expensive. Rice, London or New York. You need a lot more money just to get by. Survive, to pay your rent, to pay your foos, to pay your electricity bills, and going out for meals and things like that is not included in this. Okay. And the next one is to come into so he came into a lot of money. So we use come into to show someone inherited money, right? So they got money usually from their parents or some relative. And That's usually how you inherit money, right? So he came into a lot of money. We use it often when we don't want to say exactly the amount of money that he or she got. Just a general and a way to say that they inherited mine. Okay. Bring back. So this has to do with shopping and rights and that doesn't work. Bring it back to the shop. Okay. So something's not working and then you return it. Okay. We use bring back or take back when we are not happy with something we buy. Okay, So nowadays maybe is more common to say send back because a buy something online and you need to send it back. Okay. If it's not working correctly. Okay. The next one is close, close down. So we need to close down due to the pandemic. Okay. So when the business and is not doing very well and needs to shut its doors, right? So we use closed down when a business stops trading, pay off. I have to pay off my student loans. He paid off the guard, right? There's two different examples for two different meanings, right? So the first one is we use pay off when we have to pay back a loan of things, right? So it's like. And something that you have to pay for a long time, right? So it's a pay you a $100 every month, Right. So you pay it off bit by bit. Okay. And the second meaning he paid off the guard, we use for bribes, okay. So a bribe is like a corruption and with some money, right? And sometimes you have in, you have to pay the police or money to pass and the road or something like that. It's some sort of extra money that you need to pay to corrupt people. Okay. The next one is a rip off. Okay. And that taxi driver rip me off. Okay. We use rip off when we pay more than the real value for something. Okay, So this is kind of like a scam, right? But it's legal right, that it's not illegal to charge some, some very high rate in most countries anyway, anyway, right? And we use this for legal things. You know, maybe like a beer is €10 or $10, right? That's a rebuff, is very expensive, so we can use it as a noun to say that's rip off. It's very expensive. Too expensive for what you receive in return, right? $10. Decent amount of money for one small beer is too expensive. That's a rip off, right? And then if you feel that somebody did this to you and you say they they ripped me off. They rip me off. And the next one is to cut back on. So we need to cut back on beer this month. Okay. So you can see from the picture it's going down so we need to reduce. So we use cut back on when we want to reduce our spending and something, right? And so, uh, specifically when you use on, then it's on the object, right? Beer. So we need to cut back on meat this month or we need to cut back on our electricity bill this month. If you wanted to say in general, you just need to say we need to cut back this month or we need to put back the next one is to chip in. So we all need to chip in to help Pam. So we use chip in when a group of people together collect money for one cause, right? So this could be for a charity or maybe somebody needs help, or even just we all need to chip in on the bill, right. So we all need to pay for the same thing, okay? And the last one here is to cash out. So you can see it's the cell, right? I cashed out of my Bitcoin. So we use cash-out when we sell something and converted into cash. Okay, so it's like in the casino maybe as well, you have these little chips and you want to exchange them for cash, then that means to cash out. 4. Technology: Okay, now let's look at phrasal verbs connected to technology. So the first one we can look at is to look into, so I will look into the problem, okay? And that means to investigate, okay. So when you decide there is a problem and maybe your boss tells you, Oh yeah, we have a problem with the router or a network or whatever the problem is. And you say, I will look into the problem, okay? Means you will investigate it and you will find the solution. Next one is to break down. Okay, my tractor broke down. That's attractor. So we usually use breakdown with big machines like factories, like in factories or in cars or buses or, you know, kinda bigger, bigger machines like that. And not so much. A smaller thing like a phone. In that case, you just say my phone broke. But when there's a big operation in process, then we use break down. Okay, The next one is cut off. That could off the Internet. Okay, you can see from the picture there, could off is when the font, the internet or phone lines don't work. Okay? So we often use this with the verb again. So you can say I got cut off. I got cut off. Okay. Or that could off the internet. Okay. And the next one is to get through. So I can't get through to my bus. So remember that a lot of these phrasal verbs have different contexts and different meanings in different contexts. Okay? And, but in this case we're talking about technology. Alright? So get through is when you're trying to call a specific person on the phone and you're trying and trying using I can't get through. Okay. And the next one maybe heard about this one. I think people use this all around the world to backup. You need to backup your websites. And had this means you have to make a copy of something, you need to save it somewhere and extra copy, right? As you usually have your copy of something, but you need to back it up. You need to back it up. Practice that you need to back it up. Okay, very good. The next one is also very common, right? As hack into they hacked into my email, they hacked into my e-mail. Okay. We use hacked into and someone steals your online information. Okay. The next one is quite specific as a pop-up. I use a pop-up blocker. Okay. A pop-up is when you're on a website and it's kind of a box pops up and you see something that you need to put your details in or something like that. And pop-ups are common when someone wants to collect an email list. Okay? The next one is opt in. You need to opt in to receive my e-mails. And Upton is to choose that you wanted to receive emails from a website's, right. And then if you don't like the emails anymore, you can opt out. Okay? Opt in. Opt is another word for kind of choose, but it's not very common. Except in this situation here, like an emails and technologies. 5. Travel: Let's look now at phrasal verbs connected to travel. Okay, the first one is to get back from. So let's look at the example I got back from my trip. Okay, so get back is to return to your home place from another place. Okay. So you can say something like I got back from my holidays last week. Okay. Something like that. Another one is to hurry up. Hurry up means to go faster. You need to hurry up. So move faster usually when you are late to pay. So I was like hurry up, hurry up, get dressed, get ready for work or something like that. Maybe your mom tells you something like that. The next step is to set off. Okay. So we need to set off at six AM. So we use set off when we need to start a journey. So often we use it when we are kind of traveling, we're in the middle of traveling, right? And you want to show how long the trip as being right. So think about like it's 03:00 PM and you're at the train station and you're very tired, and you talk to somebody and say, oh, has it been a long trip so far or what time did you start your trip or something like that. And you want to say that? And you say, Oh, we set off at six AM this morning, right? That shows you how long the trip has taken. Okay. And another very common one is to get on and get off. So to get on is when you entered the bus, right. So I got on the bus at the first Asian and then get off is when you exit the bus, right? So I got off the bus at the final station, so we use get on and off for means of transport when we traveled rights, and especially trains and buses. Not so common with planes, right? Because it's like It's not like you're getting on and off rights. Usually you just get on and it's kind of a longer trip rights, but you can use it, right? And it's just not so common because we use get on to show like where we got on. But it's not so common with airplanes because it's and there are not many stops, right? It's just one trip. Okay. And the next one is holdup. So there was a holdup with the taxi. So we were held up in traffic for two hours, right? That is another example. And we use holdup in the passive voice or as a noun, right? So you can say there was a hold-up. What does it mean? It means there was a delay, right? Something cause us to be late. To look at the example again, there was a holdup with the taxi. Okay. And we use it with the passive voice. Look, We were held up in traffic. Okay. Something caused us to be delayed. Right. And the last one here is to check in and check out, probably know this one. This is very common. And we checked out of the hotel this morning. And we use check-in when we arrive at the hotel and check out when we leave. 6. Relationships: Let's start this course with phrasal verbs connected to relationships. Okay, and the first one we'll look at is to grow up. So I grew up in Dublin. In Ireland. Okay. That's me. Not really. Grow up is only used for your childhood period. Okay? You can't use with numbers. Okay. So sometimes numbers grow, but when you grow up, it's only to do with that period where you go from being a child until a teenager and then adults. Okay. The next one is to take after so I take after my father. Okay. As so I'll take after is usually for physical appearance. Similarities with your parents. Okay. So maybe you have a similar forehead or eyes or nose or something like that. And then you say he takes after his father. Okay. It can also be in your character as well. Honest or generous or something like that. Okay. The next one is to bring up so I was brought up by my grandparents. Okay. And bring up in this case is often used in the passive voice. It means that someone looks after you when you were a child. Okay, So usually when the parents aren't around and then this is the situation you use bring up. Okay. So I was brought up by my uncle, for example, if you weren't brought up by your parents. Okay. And the next one is put up with so I can't put up with the noise. Can't put up with the noise. I can't put up with him anymore. So put up with is to tolerate, especially with the negative, right? Is like, I can't tolerate this anymore. I can't put up with it anymore. The next one is to let down. Okay. Peter really let me down. He promised to be there, but he wasn't. Okay. What's that? What does that mean? Do you think? So? It means to let somebody down is the same as to disappoint someone. Okay. So it's when you do something that the other person expects you to do something good, but you don't bad and you let them down. Okay, The next one is to ask out. So this is a romantic phrasal verb. It so I asked her for dinner, but she said No. Okay, so we use asked out when we want to go on a romantic date with someone okay. To ask somebody out. Followed says The next one, they fell out of our money. So this means that when you have an argument with someone and often it's a longer arguments, not not just in the time of the arguments was the result lasts for a long time. In this case, I used over, right? Is over in this case it means because of rice. So they fell out over money because of a money issue, right? And the next one is to make hope. Not this type of makeup note. And this is another phrasal verb. So they made up after the fights. That's an example. And to make up is used when you end the fights and become friends again, okay, you can see the two children there are shaking hands. And a really another verb for this would be to resolve an argument, okay? And the next one is to settle down. People often settled down in their 30s. Nowadays. To settle down is when you buy a house and live a quiet her life. Okay. So maybe like to party a lot when you're younger and now you decide to settle down and you have a quieter life. Maybe you get married, maybe you have children. Things like that are usually involves a with settling down. Okay. And to break up, we broke up last year. I broke up with her. She broke up with me. Okay. And we use breakup when we end a romantic relationship. Okay, so let's look at these three examples here. We broke up last year. That's just a general statement to say that the relationship ended. But if you want to say who who did the action, then you can change and say I broke up with her. I was the one who started the completion of the relationship. I initiated the end of their relationship, right. Or she broke up with me and she decided she didn't want to be in a relationship anymore.