4K Video: Understanding the Video Format of the Future | Allan Michael | Skillshare

4K Video: Understanding the Video Format of the Future

Allan Michael, Creative Director and Founder of Digitano Media

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8 Lessons (30m)
    • 1. Class Trailer

      2:20
    • 2. Project Overview

      0:39
    • 3. 4K Video vs. Full HD

      2:26
    • 4. Zooms and Pans

      9:58
    • 5. Shot Stabilization

      5:18
    • 6. 2 Shots In 1

      4:45
    • 7. High Res Still Export

      3:58
    • 8. Now It's Your Turn

      0:34

About This Class

In this class I’ll show you what 4K video is, explain why it’s the video format of the future, and teach you 4 techniques that make 4K the most dynamic and useful format to use in your video edits.

I’ve been creating video content as an editor and creative director for over a decade and in the last 5 years I’ve really seen 4K video become the format of choice in the professional world. And now, with affordable 4K capable DSLRs on the market, shooting in 4K isn’t just for the professionals.

Now you you can also take advantage of this format!

Drawing on my experience, I’m going to teach you some of the ways you can use 4K video in your projects to make them look better and feel like they have a higher production value.

We’ll jump into Premiere Pro CC where I’ll show you the techniques I use to get the most out of my 4K footage using really awesome quality video samples provided by the stock footage company, Dissolve.

This class is for editors of all levels as well as anyone interested in understanding what the big deal with 4K is! And if you’re up for a challenge, I’ll guide you in creating a simple project that’ll give you a clear insight into how powerful 4K video can be.

So enroll now, learn about the video format of the future and how you can use it to make your projects look and feel even more awesome!

Stock footage courtesy of dissolve.com

Transcripts

1. Class Trailer: Hi, everyone. I'm out on Michael. Welcome to my new skill share Class four K. Understanding the video format of the future in this class, I'll show you a four K video is explain why it's the video format of the future and teach you four techniques that make four K the most versatile and useful video formats should be using for your edits. I've been creating video content as an editor and creative director for over a decade and in the last five years have really seeing four K video become the format of choice in the professional world. I constantly use it myself in my commercial projects and a lot of my own personal work. And now, with affordable four K capable DSLR is on the market. Shooting four k isn't just for the professionals Drawing on my experience, I'm gonna show you some ways that you can use four K video in your own projects to make them look better and feel like they have a higher production value. I often work on commercials and music videos and a Chardon four K, but ultimately, our output to full HD since they end up living on YouTube or used in broadcast TV. Just because you might not finish in four K doesn't mean you can take advantage. Versatile video format. In order to increase picture quality fixed camera problems like shaky handheld footage or make your own, it's feel more dynamic by ID'ING Digital Zooms and pans. This class will guide you through five lessons. First is a demo explaining what four K video is and how it compares to full HD. And then the following four lessons will jump into Premiere Pro Sisi. We'll show you the techniques I used to get the most out of my four K footage using really awesome quality video samples provided by stock footage. Company dissolved. Don't worry. If you're not familiar with permanent pro Sisi, these techniques are universal and could be implemented using all professional video editing software. This class is for editors of all levels as well as anyone that's interested in finding out what the big deal with four K's and if you're up for the challenge, all guide you and creating a simple project that will give you a clear insight into how powerful four K video can be. So enroll now and understand the video format of the future and how you can use it to make your projects look and feel even more awesome. 2. Project Overview: for the class project. I'm giving you a really simple but powerful challenge. I want you to source four K footage, and this can be bought from dissolve or downloaded for free through the links have provided in the class Project Resource is or they can even be footage. You shot yourself. I want you to take one shot and apply at least one of the techniques I'll be teaching in the following lessons. As I said, the challenge is simple, but you can really only understand the power of four K video once you learn how to manipulate it in editing software, so get your project started, upload them and let me give you professional feedback up. Next. Join me for the first lesson. Well, I'll explain to you what four k video is. 3. 4K Video vs. Full HD: four K video, generally speaking, delivers four times as many pixels as 10. 80 p, full HD 4000 and 96 by 2160. Frame has eight million pixels, versus the two million pixels of in 1920 by 10 80 frame. These higher pixels give four K video, a sharper picture and a greater color space than full HD. And although four K TVs and displays air expensive and still several years away from being mainstream, there are loads of benefits to shooting. Four K. If your final output is full, HD four K capable cameras air getting cheaper and easier to use. And even the new iPhone can now shoot in this format. Here, I'll show you four ways. You can work with four K video in order to make your full HD videos look more awesome and professional. The 1st 1 is creating digital zooms and pans. The four K images so much larger than full HD that we can create really smooth, long movements. And even if we zoom in by 50% we won't lose any picture quality. Here is a pen, and here is a zoom the second way is shot stabilization. The video stabilising effects built into Premiere Pro Final Cut and Abed will all zoom into the video is a way of managing the shakiness. Four K Video gives us room to incorporate the zoom again without losing picture quality. The Third Way is being able to use one shaw as both a wide shaw and the close up. This is especially useful when editing interviews or when you need another camera angle in order to improve the flow of your edit. Or, if you need a B roll type shot that you can use is a cutaway. The final benefit of shooting four K is that you can pull really high. Rest still frames straight from the video footage. This is really useful, since you don't need to have a still photographer on set during production. Also, I often use these high quality stills as a display thumbnails from my YouTube and Vimeo videos. So there you have it for super useful ways. We can use four K video to enhance our final full HD videos. Join me in the next class where we'll go into Premiere Pro Sisi and begin playing with our four K footage 4. Zooms and Pans: Hi, everyone. Welcome to the first lesson in this lesson. I'm gonna walk you through how we can create a digital pan and digital zoom using four K footage. Andi, I'm gonna jump into Premiere Pro Sisi to do this. Okay? As you can see here, I've already prepared this project for the lesson and I'll just run you quickly through how I organize myself. Just so you get an idea. So I will normally have a sequence has been over here. I've already created four sequences that will cover the four classes, and I already have my video assets here already split up into the different class sections . So for this verse sequence, we're gonna work on zooms and pans. So what I'll do is I'll show you the two shots that will be working with a double click over here. And let's look at the 1st 1 So I selected this shot because I knew that with a four k frame , I would actually be able to start on a part of the frame that is completely outside of what this person is doing here on the right hand side. So I thought Okay, I can start on the left and see a little bit of New York. And then I can pan over to reveal somebody in the foreground actually doing something on their phone now, the way I would normally work through this. So to do a pen is Ah, I would create a sequence, and you need to make sure that the sequence is actually a full HD sequence for this toe work. If we select our sequence and we go up to sequence, and then settings will be able to see here that the frame sizes already set to 1920 by 10 80. So I'll click over here, this little film icon, and I'll drag this over to the sequence. Now Window is gonna pop up, and it's gonna basically be telling me that the clip on bringing into the sequence doesn't match the same settings. A sequence itself. Okay, so here I have two options. I can either change the sequence settings or keep the existing settings. If I change the sequence settings, I will actually create a sequence that will be the same dimensions as the original clip. And for the purposes of doing zooms and pans, we don't want to do that. So I want to keep the existing settings and you see here as soon as I bring it in that we are completely zoomed into the shop. So this image that we see here is actually at full resolution, and you see how small the full HD frame is compared to the four K frame and this is the room that we have to play with. So, really, one of the greatest things about using a four K, especially when you're out putting two full HD, is that you can easily take a static shot and create smooth movement and instantly make it more dynamic. So let me show you how that works. Okay, so the first thing I want to do is I want to actually scale this shot down so that it fits into the full HD frame so that I can see what I'm working with. And there are two ways to do this. I've actually created a custom keyboard shortcut because I'm actually doing this all of the time. So I haven't mapped to command Option f. Okay. And as you can see, as soon as I press that the clip will scale and fit nicely into the full HD frame. The other way of doing it. Let me just undo that is if you actually right, click on the clip in the timeline, you can select scale, scale to frame size, and that will do exactly the same thing. Okay, so now that I can see what I've got to play with, I can now zoom back out in order to create a pan. Okay, So what I'll do is I will select this clip here in the timeline and go to effects controls and open this menu here and go to scale. Okay? And now I can scale back up until this person over here almost disappears. Okay? And now, if I actually changed the position setting over here, you can see just how far I can move the frame before we reach the edge of the video. Okay, so now this could be my starting point for the pen. And this will simulate a camera movement, as if someone during the shoe actually started with a camera pointed in this direction and moved it towards the person. So what I'll do now is once I've actually goes in the position that I wanted to start in. I will really easily just set a position key frame over here. Okay? And now I will move to the end of the clip, okay? And I will move the position over so that I see a close up of my of my character and the phone. Okay, Now, let's play that back and see how it is. So that works kind of nicely for me. One thing I'm not so happy with his. I'm actually a little bit too close to them here. I would maybe like to see more mawr of the frame at this point. So what I might actually do is I'll actually do a slow zoom out at the same time and see how that works. So again, I'll set a key frame at scale, which is 168 for this clip. And then when I get over to him, I will just zoom out a little bit until we start to see the edge of the frame. Okay? Just so we see a little bit more of his phone. Okay, so let's play that back and see how that feels. Cool. Now, if you wanna have even smoother motion. There's a couple little tweaks weaken do in this affects window over here and basically, let me just make this a little bit bigger. These key frames, we can actually change their interpretation so that they work a little bit more smoothly. So basically that the motion starts more slowly and it kind of finishes more slowly. So all you need to do is you can select these key frames by clicking outs, clicking over here and dragging and selecting these, that holding down shift and clicking over here and selecting these. And now, if you just right click on one of them and you go to temporal interpolation, you can select busy eight, and that will give it a smoother motion. So let's watch that back and see how that feels cool. So there we have a nice smooth pan created from a four K clip. Okay, and now, in this example, I'll show you how to do zoom. So that's go over here to our assets, and I'll double click on the shop. So this shot again is a static shot, and we can make it so much more dynamic. Just biting. Zoom. Add slowly, revealing the setting that were in. So, for instance, we can start zoomed in and then slowly pull the camera back in order to reveal this amazing mountain scenery in the background. So let's see, uh, this clip, I'm gonna just take a section of this, okay? I'm going to take it from the beginning until the point where they look at the map. So about eight seconds and again, like in the previous clip, just click on on this film icon and drag it into the timeline again. It's going to bring us bring up the same morning. We're gonna want to keep the existing settings and here have a look again. Look how zoomed in we are. Naturally, when we try and fit a full resolution four K clip into in 1920 by 10 80 frame size. So here again, we're gonna use some key frames. And what I'll do is I will select the clip. And actually, I want to start a little bit more zoomed out because we're so zoomed in here that you really just have no idea what's going on. Also, because the Clippers fairly short, I don't want to do a massively quick zoom out and I'll show you what I mean. I want the zoom to be nice and slow and smooth. So if I start zoomed in here and then I want to zoom out all the way to see the full clip, Zoom will be so fast that it would just feel very unnatural. So I think I want to zoom to start just here so that I can see everybody in the family, including the girl up here. So I'll set a key frame and I'll go to the end of the clip and I will just do a zoom out to about here until everybody's in the picture. And again, let's do the smoother key frame interpretation. Eso will select this key frame and then hold down the shift key and select this other key frame right click and select Busier. And now let's watch that back. Okay, so there we go, a nice, smooth and easy zoom. You can also work with this and have this will be much faster or more dynamic, but for this setting, because they are already in slow motion and it's a very sort of calm, idyllic country seen, I would definitely stick with with a slower zoo. So there we have it. Zooms and pans created nice and easily using a four K clip in the 1920 by 10 80 frame. Join me in the next class, we'll show you how to use the warp stabilizer to stabilize a four K clip without losing picture quality. 5. Shot Stabilization: Okay, So in this class, I'm gonna show you how to use the warp stabilizer to stabilize a really shaky clip. Now, if we go over here to our assets, I'm gonna open the stabilized folder and I'm gonna double click on this. Let's watch the show back and you'll see just how shaky this really is. You can use this feature for handheld footage or in this case, I think the camera could have been set on a car on a tripod or it might have been somebody in a car holding the camera. But it's very shaky anyway, So I'm just gonna take a small section of this. The warp stabilizer has to process the stabilization. And if I use the whole clip, it's going to take a little while. So I'm only going to just take a few seconds here in the middle. Now, I've already selected in and out points for this middle section and I will bring this clip in again. It's gonna give me the clip mismatch warning. I want to keep the existing settings. Now What I want to do is here. I don't want to keep it. As for K, I want actually scale it down to full HD so we can use the keyboard shortcut that I showed you in the last class to scale this down. I've got it mapped to option command F or you could just go to the effects panel and go to scale and scale it down there. Now if we watch the shot back, Here we go. Yeah, nice and shaky. Now, what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna go over to the effects panel of Premier Pro Sisi and here in the search bar, I'm gonna start typing warp, and I'll see warp stabilizer over here. Just drop warp stabilizer onto the clip, and immediately we get a warning. So basically the way that premier works is premier doesn't want to try and stabilize the clip. That was originally a four K clip but has been scaled down to full HD. Okay, so the way to fix that is to actually ness this this clip into another sequence and I'll show you how that's done. So let me press command z and undo that, okay? And what I'll do is also like this clip here in the timeline. Right? Click on it and go to nest. Okay, I will call this nested sequence for K. Stay relies and click. OK, Okay. And now, if we drag warp stabilizer onto it, it should work. Okay, so now we have the warp stabilizer working in the background, and it's not too long over clip, so it should all happen very quickly. Okay? As you can see, there was a bit of a zoom in there which Premiere Pro had to do in order to avoid revealing the edges of the frame. So let's play that back and see how that feels. Okay, That's not too bad. But there's some weird kind of zooming and pausing happening because of the warp stabilizer effect. I would say that normally what I end up using a lot of times with warp stabilizer is the default mode. So the default mode and warp stabilizer is 50% smoothness, and it also uses the method of subspace warp. And if the movement isn't too much and it's not too strong, it normally works really well for me just on these default settings. In this case, I don't really like this kind of weird. Like the images the story ing in the middle. So what I can try do to fix this is basically changed the method. And also, Aiken, click here on the advanced section and also do a detailed analysis. This will actually do a deeper analysis of the image. And a lot of times I get better results using this. Okay, so what I'm gonna do now is I'm gonna change this from subspace warp to position scale in rotation. Okay? And I will click on detailed analysis. We'll have to wait for that to re analyse. And once it's finished, I'm hoping that we'll have a better result. Okay, so let's play that back and see how that feels. Okay? So that's much, much better. There's still a little bit of distortion happening, but if we actually go back and view the original clip, you'll see really just how incredibly shaky this clip is. So let's look at that back again. This a lot of really kind of unpredictable shaking this going on. So really, if we look at the final result again, I think it's pretty impressive. And the best thing about this is that no matter how much the warp stabilizer has to assume in you have so much picture quality here because it's a four K image that you consume in at least 50% without losing any picture quality. So join me in the next class, we'll show you had to get to camera angles from 14 k Shaw. 6. 2 Shots In 1: Okay, So in this lesson, I'm going to show you how to get to camera angles from the same four K clip. This is especially useful if you're doing an interview and you only have one camera. So you can you have a medium shop of the interview subject, and you can also use the same four K clip to do a close up of them. Or you can also create two angles of almost any show that you do. Okay, So let me show you how that works. If I go over here to my folder double shot, I've got two clips here that I've selected to explain this. This shot is an example that I might use to explain the use in an interview situation. Now, although this isn't an interview shot a lot of times in interviews, you will have similar framing. So let's bring this into our timeline like we have before again. Quick, keep existing settings. And here we see immediately, we're really zoomed into this image. Now, if we do the keyboard shortcut option command F to scale it down. This is something that might simulate how an interview situation would be like I said so normally you would have the interview in the middle kind of frame like this. So all we need to do is we could take the shot. Yeah, And let's say we want to do a close up here. I could just create a cut cut in this clip. In my case, I haven't map two k. It will automatically cut it. Or if you want to use the cut tool, you can press seat and click there. Okay? And now all I have to do is select this second clip and go up to the effects controls, and I can zoom in and here let's see how that feels when we play it back. Okay, so here we have two different camera angles and the picture quality is exactly the same resolution, which is fantastic. We don't lose any quality at all now. This is also really useful if you're shooting an interview and you actually have to edit some of their dialogue. Ah, lot of times people are stumbling over their dialogue when they're talking, and you might have to cut out ums or pauses, and they're talking. So if you're only using 14 k camera you'll have the wider Shaw, which would be this one. And then as soon as they say, um, if you want to cut that out, you can cut to the close up of them, actually, beginning the next part of their phrase. Another example is using any four K Shaw in order toe have a wide and a close up angle. So let me delete these two clips, and I'll show you the other example that I have. So if we double click on this one, I've got this really awesome wide shot of this dune buggy going along the beach. And again, I'm gonna drag this into my sequence, keep existing settings, and I will scale this down manually. So I'll go to the effects controls motion scale. Okay, in here, I will scale it just to about there, Okay? And let's play that back and see how that feels. Okay, so let's say that right about this point. I want to zoom and a lot more in this buggy just to be a little bit closer to the buggy to just get more of a sensation that we're seeing the point of view from right behind the buggy so again. Here, all press. See, for my cutter tool. I will cut the clip right here. All press V to go back to the normal pointer. Select the clip and I will scale it back up to 100%. And I will play with the position here just so that the buggy is more in the center of frame. Okay, let's play that back and see how that feels. Cool. So there you have it. Two shots and one with 14 K Shaw. You can have a wide and the close up. This is super super useful. If you only have one camera. And a lot of times, even with the productions that I do, it's even so much cheaper to use one camera, you don't need to have two cameramen. It's much easier. Just a handle one set up than always having to do too. So join me in the next class world. Show you how to pull a high rest Still from a four k video clip 7. High Res Still Export: So in this last lesson, I'm gonna show you how to get a higher s still from a four K video clip. So let's go over back here to the assets, and I will open up four K clips and open up here on still frame double click on this clip. But I've actually chosen this because it works really well as a still photo. It's such an amazing image that I thought would be great to show as an example, so we can actually export a still from this source monitor. But I often end up doing it for my sequence instead, simply because I'm exporting still images from the video pieces that I'm editing. So here I'm gonna choose which part of this frame I wanted to export. But because there's no camera movement, I can pretty much take any frame in this example, so I'm gonna drag this clip into my sequence again. Click keep existing settings, and here are all immediately explain a caveat of exporting higher stills from Premier Pro Sisi. So what's basically happened is because I've kept the existing settings. This sequence is a full HD sequence, so it's 1920 by 10 80. Now if I export this still image even if I scaled this down So if I select the clip and go to effects controls and scale it down even if I scale this down now and I export this clip , it will won't export a full rez four k clip as a still image, it will actually explore in 1920 by 10. 80 clip. And we don't want that. Okay, so let me show you how you do the full raise export. Now, let me undo that. So a press command said, I'll go back and select my clip, I'll drag in. And now, when it asked me, I'll actually click this time on change sequence settings. And now it's happened is if we go up to our sequence settings, we can have a look. We can see that the frame sizes actually bigger here. Okay, we'll cancel that. And now if I want to export a still I just move my play head to the point where I want to Export is still from and in my case, I have a little camera button here. Now, you might not necessarily have this camera button here simply because it isn't displayed by default by Premier Pro Sisi. If this camera button isn't here, you can click on this plus symbol and open the button editor. You could drag the camera button down and then click. OK, so now I'm sure that the sequence is set to the full rez dimensions and that I have my camera button and all I'll do is I'll click on this camera button and all right, a name. So all name this zero for four still frame, and here I can choose what kind of form, and I want to export it as if you want to send this over the Internet. Just to show is a sample. I would probably go with J. Peg. If you want something more high rez or you want to work with it in photo shop, I would choose a tiff in this case, I we'll export a tiff, and if you click on browse, you can choose where you want to save it. In this case, I'll just save it to my desktop and I'll click. OK, now, let's have a look to see what that still frame actually looks like. Cool. So there you have it a full resolution. Still taken from a four K video clip. This is super super useful, especially when during shoots this is super super useful. Especially, this is super super useful, especially since during shoots. A lot of times you don't need to have a stills photographer on set to document the actual production. What happens in a lot of my four K shoots is that the quality of the images so high from the four K video that I can take higher Estelle's to use for my publicity material or for the thumbnails that I upload for every video in video in YouTube. 8. Now It's Your Turn: So there you have it. I hope you've been able to get some insight into what four K video is and why it's such a powerful and dynamic four man. Remember the four techniques I showed you can not only help you get the most out of your four K footage, but they can really add production value to your video projects. I'm really looking forward to seeing your class projects to take up the challenge and start a project right now. Finally is always. Please leave me your comments, feedback or any questions in the community section of this class, and I'll get back to you as quickly as possible. Thanks so much for joining me in this class. Take care. Bye.