300+ Phrasal Verbs | English Language Vocabulary | For Your English | Skillshare

300+ Phrasal Verbs | English Language Vocabulary

For Your English, English Made Easy

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35 Lessons (3h 24m)
    • 1. Phrasal verbs vocabulary!

      0:47
    • 2. Live classes!

      0:21
    • 3. How course is organized

      0:23
    • 4. A

      3:52
    • 5. B1

      9:38
    • 6. B

      18:54
    • 7. B2

      9:15
    • 8. C Part 1

      9:37
    • 9. C Part 2

      9:24
    • 10. D

      4:27
    • 11. E

      1:01
    • 12. F

      6:57
    • 13. G Part 1

      9:07
    • 14. G Part 2

      9:31
    • 15. H

      5:46
    • 16. K

      1:44
    • 17. L

      4:35
    • 18. M

      4:36
    • 19. P1

      7:25
    • 20. P2

      8:07
    • 21. R

      2:54
    • 22. S

      4:48
    • 23. T

      9:42
    • 24. W

      4:54
    • 25. Business Phrasal Verbs

      7:58
    • 26. Finance Phrasal Verbs

      5:52
    • 27. Hobby Phrasal Verbs

      4:32
    • 28. Hospital and Medicine

      4:20
    • 29. Hospital and medicine 2

      3:36
    • 30. Jokes/Humor Phrasal Verbs Part 1

      8:05
    • 31. Jokes/Humor Phrasal Verbs Part 2

      2:58
    • 32. Phone Call Phrasals

      3:31
    • 33. Shopping Phrasal Verbs

      4:33
    • 34. Technology & Computers | 1

      4:13
    • 35. Travel Phrasal Verbs

      6:37
38 students are watching this class

About This Class

Phrasal verbs vocabulary to sound fluent, confident and comfortable with the English language!

If you have any slang questions or suggestions,

tell me and I will do my best to address them in the future!

Transcripts

1. Phrasal verbs vocabulary!: whoever taught you vocabulary didn't step up because they didn't catch you up on Fraser verbs. What are Fraser Verbs vocab from putting verbs and propositions together like step up and catch up? Step up means to do a good job. Perform well. Catch someone up means to give someone new information I'm callin. And after you've joined, if you have a question of phrase over by, forgot or want a better explanation, I catch you up every week during our live class. If you can't attend, I also add that class to the course so you can watch it whenever you want. Fraser Verbs are not difficult. I just taught you to in one minute. Let's get you closer to fluency like catching you up on this vocabulary. You can step up in any English situation. 2. Live classes!: once a week. There is a live lecture for this course where I answer your questions at new vocabulary and help you with other questions you have. If you don't attend alive, don't worry. I add all those videos to the course so you can watch them whenever you want. And if you have any live topic ideas, send me a message so I can turn them into videos as soon as possible. 3. How course is organized: this course is organized in two parts. First, a complete list of the vocab in this course from A to Z, defining the specific words that you need after that, vocab topics like work, travel, food and whatever situations you want me to discuss. If any vocab is missing, send me a message and I will try to add it as soon as possible. 4. A: all right, We've got a lot, a lot of really, really good phrase over abs toe. Look at starting here with the letter A. So let's do it. And remember, if you have any questions, you can message me here. But of course, you can also message me on social media at for your English on Facebook, instagram and YouTube. And remember, do the exercises do the reviews to really, really remember a lot easier and quicker to act out? To act out in this case is to perform something with gestures with your hands to try to demonstrate something with movement. Your body. I don't understand. Tell me again, what did your mom do when she saw the burglar in the house? Can you act it out now? The other definition of to act out is to express emotion, especially strong emotion that you've held inside but now want to show publicly show visibly, Uh, this is often rebellion, anger and other emotions that you don't typically show people and that you hold in. Are you worried about your teenage son's behavior? No, he's just acting out. It's not that serious toe add up to toe add up to is to equal and amount. Something adds up to something. We use this if you're shopping. If you buy a few shirts, they add up to a certain price. Uh, okay, so you got Ah, haircut, a shampoo and this gel that adds up to $75. Now, another meaning for information to add up means to make sense, to be believable. Correct. So if something does not add up, it's not believable. Something is not right. Something's not right. Mark said he was sleeping over at his friend's house, but didn't we see him at the party? You're right. It doesn't add up. He lied to us to ask out, to ask someone out to ask someone out on a date first to ask someone out can mean to invite someone someone that you're attracted to, someone you would like to be in a relationship with, to invite them to do something, maybe see a movie, go out for dinner. But to ask someone out can also mean to start a relationship so it can be to go on a specific date, like seeing a movie, or it can be to start the relationship to be boyfriend and girlfriend. If you like her, you should ask her out on a date. Otherwise someone else might do it. I want to ask her out, but I don't know what we can do. I mean, maybe see a movie or go to the park to ask around to ask around is to ask numerous, several people the same question. We do this in order to get the best response. The most correct response. To get different perspectives, to see what different people think about something. I'm not sure what time we should leave. Maybe we should ask around to see what everyone else thinks. I agree. We should ask around because we don't want to leave too late. All right, that's it for the A's. You're off to a great start, So keep it up again. Message me, do the exercises and keep going 5. B1: all right. We made it to the bees and let's see what we got. All right, Toe back out. To back out of something to back out of something is to not keep an agreement. To not do what you said you were going to dio. This is to go back on your word. Basically, it's to change your mind. I hope you know that if your company backs out of this deal, we are legally able to sue you, so don't do it. Leases not coming. She backed out. She said she was too busy to back up. First use here to back up just means to move backwards. Back up. Your car is too close. Back up. Second to back someone up means to support someone, to be there to help them. If you back someone up, you're there. If someone's insulting your friend, you need to back them up. You need to support them because you're their friend. We also use this when talking about information, research, fax. We need to back our opinions up with these things. That's the support. Things were backing me up before AC. I was being a jerk. You're writing in this essay is excellent, but you don't back up your opinions with any fax. If you don't back up what you're saying, you have no proof. You need to support your ideas. You need to back them up to be after someone or something. If you're after someone or something, you're really looking for it. You're chasing it, You want it. And again, if you're after Ah, person, it sounds like you're literally running after them. You're searching for them. If you're a cop and you're after a criminal, you really you driving around looking for them? Maybe you're chasing them on the streets. But if it's information or something like that, you just You're searching for it. You're really trying to find something. Mark is after Lisa's heart. He's in love. Can I hide out here? The cops are after me for something or someone to be along to be a long means to arrive, but it sounds a little bit more formal, and we most often use this for transportation. I'm sorry you missed that train. The next train will be along in one hour again in a more formal sounding way. We also use this to describe when a person will arrive, especially if it's an event, a party, but more formal. You're the first person here. Lisa said that she will be along in about 30 minutes to be a way to be away on something first. If someone is simply a way, it means they're not present. They're not there. They are somewhere else. But just for the moment, not permanently, but to be away on holiday on vacation on anything is a longer period of time. Hello? Doctor's office. No, I'm sorry. Lisa is away right now. Can I take a message and have her call you back later today? Hello. You have reached the school administration office. We are away on summer break. Please call back after September 1st and we will respond to as kun as soon as possible. To be down on someone or to be down on something to be down on someone is to be very critical. Kind of criticizing someone or demanding a lot and especially being kind of negative, maybe even a bit hostile towards the person To be down on yourself means the same to be demanding too much of yourself, being very critical of yourself in this memo. I mean, it can cause something like depression or other strong emotions like that. No one supports me. Everyone is down on my ideas, and it causes me to be down on myself and to feel a bit depressed to be down with an illness. If you're down with an illness, it means to be sick with something down with the flu, Down with her cold. Um, but it's something that you should recover from. It's not a very serious illness, Nothing life threatening. Sorry, I couldn't come in yesterday. I was down with the flu. It was bad. But I'm feeling better now to be fed up to be fed up with someone or something. If you're fed up, you're irritated. You're angry, not pissed off. Not really angry, but you're pretty frustrated. You've had enough. I'm so fed up with your attitude. Change it or I'm not talking to you anymore. To be in. To be in is the opposite of to be away. So if someone is in, they are present. They are at the office at home, etcetera. I'm I Miss Lisa. Is Mark in? No, I'm sorry. Marks away right now. Can I take a message for something to be in for something talking about a project or something you have to finish to be in means to be finished, to be turned in to arrive completed. Your assignments must be in by 3 p.m. On Friday. To be in on something to be in on something means to be part of something, to know what's happening to participate in it. If you're not in on something, it means you don't know what's happening. You're out off the loop, unaware. Are you in on the surprise party? No, I had no idea. Put me in the loop. What's happening for something to blow up first, if something blows up, it explodes, it pops because there's too much pressure. Ah, we can also use this to talk about someone's attitude. If a person explodes, it means they explode with frustration to really just to get super angry. You put too much air in the balloon. That's why it blew up. Mark was really fed up with our boss and he blew up and he started shouting. It was a disaster to blow something up. To blow something up means to add air to something like a tire. Ah, things that we inflate. We pump the air into it. Balloons, floaty things on the water, stuff like that. Oh, before we go for the bike ride, we need to blow up our tires for something to break down, for someone to break down first, if something breaks down, we're talking about a machine or a vehicle, and if it breaks down, it goes kaput. It stops working. You cannot use it because it's not operational. My car broke down in the middle of the highway. It was terrible and I was super late for work. Now, if someone breaks down, it means to have an emotional breakdown to kind of have a crisis to go a bit crazy, Probably because of stress. She was working 80 hours a week and she just broke down. She had to stay home for the whole weekend and just sleep and recover. To break something down. To break an idea down is to simplify an idea piece by piece so that it's more easily understood. I didn't understand that math equation. Can you break it down so I can understand it to break in, to break into something to break in. The noun here being a break in is toe forcibly using force not with a key toe. Enter a space, usually house or a vehicle. Often this would mean breaking a window. Are smashing the door in breaking the door. The thieves broke in and they stole all of his jewelry. Isn't that terrible? 6. B: all right. We made it to the bees and let's see what we got. All right, Toe back out. To back out of something to back out of something is to not keep an agreement. To not do what you said you were going to dio. This is to go back on your word. Basically, it's to change your mind. I hope you know that if your company backs out of this deal, we are legally able to sue you, so don't do it. Leases not coming. She backed out. She said she was too busy to back up. First use here to back up just means to move backwards. Back up. Your car is too close. Back up. Second to back someone up means to support someone, to be there to help them. If you back someone up, you're there. If someone's insulting your friend, you need to back them up. You need to support them because you're their friend. We also use this when talking about information, research, fax. We need to back our opinions up with these things. That's the support. Things were backing me up before AC. I was being a jerk. You're writing in this essay is excellent, but you don't back up your opinions with any fax. If you don't back up what you're saying, you have no proof. You need to support your ideas. You need to back them up to be after someone or something. If you're after someone or something, you're really looking for it. You're chasing it, You want it. And again, if you're after Ah, person, it sounds like you're literally running after them. You're searching for them. If you're a cop and you're after a criminal, you really you driving around looking for them? Maybe you're chasing them on the streets. But if it's information or something like that, you just You're searching for it. You're really trying to find something. Mark is after Lisa's heart. He's in love. Can I hide out here? The cops are after me for something or someone to be along to be a long means to arrive, but it sounds a little bit more formal, and we most often use this for transportation. I'm sorry you missed that train. The next train will be along in one hour again in a more formal sounding way. We also use this to describe when a person will arrive, especially if it's an event, a party, but more formal. You're the first person here. Lisa said that she will be along in about 30 minutes to be a way to be away on something first. If someone is simply a way, it means they're not present. They're not there. They are somewhere else. But just for the moment, not permanently, but to be away on holiday on vacation on anything is a longer period of time. Hello? Doctor's office. No, I'm sorry. Lisa is away right now. Can I take a message and have her call you back later today? Hello. You have reached the school administration office. We are away on summer break. Please call back after September 1st and we will respond to as kun as soon as possible. To be down on someone or to be down on something to be down on someone is to be very critical. Kind of criticizing someone or demanding a lot and especially being kind of negative, maybe even a bit hostile towards the person To be down on yourself means the same to be demanding too much of yourself, being very critical of yourself in this memo. I mean, it can cause something like depression or other strong emotions like that. No one supports me. Everyone is down on my ideas, and it causes me to be down on myself and to feel a bit depressed to be down with an illness. If you're down with an illness, it means to be sick with something down with the flu, Down with her cold. Um, but it's something that you should recover from. It's not a very serious illness, Nothing life threatening. Sorry, I couldn't come in yesterday. I was down with the flu. It was bad. But I'm feeling better now to be fed up to be fed up with someone or something. If you're fed up, you're irritated. You're angry, not pissed off. Not really angry, but you're pretty frustrated. You've had enough. I'm so fed up with your attitude. Change it or I'm not talking to you anymore. To be in. To be in is the opposite of to be away. So if someone is in, they are present. They are at the office at home, etcetera. I'm I Miss Lisa. Is Mark in? No, I'm sorry. Marks away right now. Can I take a message for something to be in for something talking about a project or something you have to finish to be in means to be finished, to be turned in to arrive completed. Your assignments must be in by 3 p.m. On Friday. To be in on something to be in on something means to be part of something, to know what's happening to participate in it. If you're not in on something, it means you don't know what's happening. You're out off the loop, unaware. Are you in on the surprise party? No, I had no idea. Put me in the loop. What's happening for something to blow up first, if something blows up, it explodes, it pops because there's too much pressure. Ah, we can also use this to talk about someone's attitude. If a person explodes, it means they explode with frustration to really just to get super angry. You put too much air in the balloon. That's why it blew up. Mark was really fed up with our boss and he blew up and he started shouting. It was a disaster to blow something up. To blow something up means to add air to something like a tire. Ah, things that we inflate. We pump the air into it. Balloons, floaty things on the water, stuff like that. Oh, before we go for the bike ride, we need to blow up our tires for something to break down, for someone to break down first, if something breaks down, we're talking about a machine or a vehicle, and if it breaks down, it goes kaput. It stops working. You cannot use it because it's not operational. My car broke down in the middle of the highway. It was terrible and I was super late for work. Now, if someone breaks down, it means to have an emotional breakdown to kind of have a crisis to go a bit crazy, Probably because of stress. She was working 80 hours a week and she just broke down. She had to stay home for the whole weekend and just sleep and recover. To break something down. To break an idea down is to simplify an idea piece by piece so that it's more easily understood. I didn't understand that math equation. Can you break it down so I can understand it to break in, to break into something to break in. The noun here, being a break in is toe forcibly using force not with a key toe. Enter a space, usually house or a vehicle. Often this would mean breaking a window are smashing the door in breaking the door. The thieves broke in and they stole all of his jewelry. Isn't that terrible now to break something in means to wear something so that it starts to feel more comfortable often if you buy new clothes. If you buy new sneakers the first few times that you wear them, they don't feel so comfortable. They feel kind of Steph, so you have to break them in. It means to kind of stretch the fabric, especially with shoes. Shoes take a little while to break in, to start to feel more comfortable. And what we talk about here is toe have that worn in feeling to feel like it's more comfortable and properly sized for your own body. I love these new tennis shoes, but is really taking a while to break them in. It's a good style, but they still don't feel very comfortable for news to break. When news breaks what we call breaking news means that there is very new news that just happened, and the idea is that is very important. It's breaking, so it's new and important. You need to know about it. We have breaking news regarding the political situation and rub, rub, rub, rub ripper blow to break loose. To break loose is to escape, to flee Teoh. Get away! He tried to kidnap her, but thankfully she was able to break loose. To break through. To breakthrough is to successfully deal with something making progress. The noun here is a breakthrough for science. A breakthrough is often synonymous with discovery. Ah, great advancement, great progress made. Despite the sexism, she was able to break through and enter the sphere of science and have an amazing career. So that is talking more abstractly. But to break through something means to actually bust through break something in order to enter, either by breaking it or possibly by avoiding it by passing it. If you break through a door, you smash it, you destroy it. If you break through a wall, you smashed the wall down. I don't know how, but our dog broke through the fence. He's tough to break something off to break something off is for something to be separated by force. And now that it's separated, the thing is kind of broken so we can break off a piece of food if we want to share it. But if it's something like a device or a cup, something that should not be separated and you break apart off, it's broken. It's now missing apart. He crashed his car and he completely broke the back bumper off. Are you eating a candy bar? I'm so hungry. Can you break off a piece for me? Additionally, to break off a relationship means to end a relationship to stop seeing someone to stop dating someone. I heard you broke it off with Mark. What happened? Is it true that he cheated for something to break out? If something usually an event breaks out, it begins suddenly quickly. Little warning like a fire conflict, a war. These things don't happen with our knowledge in advance. It happens quickly, and then we find out and respond. The revolution broke out so fast, the government was by no means prepared to respond to break out in something thistles related to your body. And if we break out in something it means to do ah, lot of something like to sweat a lot or to get a lot of things on your face, like acne to get it to get a lot of it. And to get it very quickly, we call that, Ah, break out if we're talking about acne or a rash like a scratchy area on your body. After running just a couple steps, he broke out in a sweat. He's really out of shape. My acne has been terrible. I keep breaking out to break out of something or to break out of a place. If you break out, you escape. You break free whatever was holding you back or whatever was confining you, holding you in a place you get out of, we can also use. This was We can also use this with abstract ideas, like a depression sadness. You break out off those feelings. I need to break out of this negative thinking. It's really holding me back to break up. To break up with someone means toe end your relationship. It's the same as breaking it off, but then down here is very common. It's a break up and we've all experienced breakup. She's still very emotional from the break up. So be nice to her. To bring about something to bring about something is to make something happen for it to be the consequence, the result of something historians still don't know what brought a corpse. Historians still don't know what brought about the rapid change in society. What brought about your bad mood? Are you OK to bring someone or something along here? To bring someone along with you is to take them with you. To take something along means to take it with you as well. If you're going to school, take your backpack along. If you're going to a concert, it might be fun to bring your friends along. If you're not busy, you should come along with me toe to soccer practice. I can bring you along in the car if you want to bring the price down. To bring the price of something down means to make it cheaper, less expensive to reduce the price. They brought the price down because they just weren't selling many units for something to bring something else on. Thing is to cause something toe happen usually something negative. It's the reason for something to happen most often. Events or illnesses. He was a smoker which really brought on his lung cancer. What do you think will bring on the change in society that we need to improve ourselves? Bring it on when you say, bring it on. Its used to accept a challenge with confidence and excitement. And this expression doesn't change at all. It weighs £200. Do you really think you can lift it? Yeah, bring it on. I can do it. To bring up a child to bring up a child is to raise a child, to nurture a young person and to help them grow. They didn't have much money, but their mom did a really good job of bringing them up to bring up something to bring up. Something means to mention something to make it part of the conversation. When we're at my parents house, don't bring up that I'm pregnant. They will go crazy to be burning up. If you're burning up, you have a high temperature. You have a fever. You feel very warm. Wow. You feel like you're burning up. You should stay home today. and get some rest. That's the bees. Review this video. Do the review and let me know. Of course, if you got any questions, I will see you in the C video. 7. B2: now to break something in means to wear something so that it starts to feel more comfortable often if you buy new clothes. If you buy new sneakers the first few times that you wear them, they don't feel so comfortable. They feel kind of Steph, so you have to break them in. It means to kind of stretch the fabric, especially with shoes. Shoes take a little while to break in, to start to feel more comfortable. And what we talk about here is toe have that worn in feeling to feel like it's more comfortable and properly sized for your own body. I love these new tennis shoes, but is really taking a while to break them in. It's a good style, but they still don't feel very comfortable for news to break when news breaks. What we call breaking news means that there is very new news that just happened, and the idea is that is very important. It's breaking, so it's new and important. You need to know about it. We have breaking news regarding the political situation and rub, rub, rub, rub ripper blow to break loose. To break loose is to escape, to flee Teoh. Get away! He tried to kidnap her, but thankfully she was able to break loose. To break through. To breakthrough is to successfully deal with something making progress. The noun here is a breakthrough for science. A breakthrough is often synonymous with discovery. Ah, great advancement, great progress made. Despite the sexism, she was able to break through and enter the sphere of science and have an amazing career. So that is talking more abstractly. But to break through something means to actually bust through break something in order to enter, either by breaking it or possibly by avoiding it by passing it. If you break through a door, you smash it, you destroy it. If you break through a wall, you smash the wall down. I don't know how, but our dog broke through the fence. He's tough to break something off. To break something off is for something to be separated by force. And now that it's separated, the thing is kind of broken so we can break off a piece of food if we want to share it. But if it's something like a device or a cup, something that should not be separated and you break apart off. It's broken. It's now missing apart. He crashed his car and he completely broke the back bumper off. Are you eating a candy bar? I'm so hungry. Can you break off a piece for me? Additionally, to break off a relationship means to end a relationship to stop seeing someone to stop dating someone. I heard you broke it off with Mark. What happened? Is it true that he cheated for something to break out? If something usually an event breaks out, it begins suddenly quickly. Little warning like a fire conflict, a war. These things don't happen with our knowledge in advance. It happens quickly, and then we find out and respond. The revolution broke out so fast, the government was by no means prepared to respond, to break out in something thistles related to your body. And if we break out in something, it means to do ah lot of something like to sweat a lot or to get a lot of things on your face like acne to get it to get a lot of it. And to get it very quickly, we call that Ah, break out. If we're talking about acne or a rash like a scratchy area on your body. After running just a couple steps, he broke out in a sweat. He's really out of shape. My acne has been terrible. I keep breaking out to break out of something or to break out of a place. If you break out, you escape. You break free whatever was holding you back or whatever was confining you, holding you in a place you get out of, we can also use. This was We can also use this with abstract ideas, like a depression sadness. You break out off those feelings. I need to break out of this negative thinking. It's really holding me back to break up. To break up with someone means toe end your relationship. It's the same as breaking it off, but the noun here is very common. It's a break up, and we've all experienced breakup. She's still very emotional from the break up, so be nice to her. To bring about something to bring about something is to make something happen for it to be the consequence, the result of something historians still don't know what brought a corpse. Historians still don't know what brought about the rapid change in society. What brought about your bad mood? Are you OK to bring someone or something along here? To bring someone along with you is to take them with you. To take something along means to take it with you as well. If you're going to school, take your backpack along. If you're going to a concert, it might be fun to bring your friends along. If you're not busy, you should come along with me toe to soccer practice. I can bring you along in the car if you want to bring the price down. To bring the price of something down means to make it cheaper, less expensive to reduce the price. They brought the price down because they just weren't selling many units for something to bring something else on. Thing is to cause something toe happen, usually something negative. It's the reason for something to happen most often events or illnesses. He was a smoker, which really brought on his lung cancer. What do you think will bring on the change in society that we need to improve ourselves? Bring it on when you say bring it on. Its used to accept a challenge with confidence and excitement. And this expression doesn't change at all. It weighs £200. Do you really think you can lift it? Yeah, bring it on. I can do it. To bring up a child to bring up a child is to raise a child, to nurture a young person and to help them grow. They didn't have much money, but their mom did a really good job of bringing them up to bring up something to bring up. Something means to mention something to make it part of the conversation. When we're at my parents house, don't bring up that I'm pregnant. They will go crazy to be burning up. If you're burning up, you have a high temperature. You have a fever. You feel very warm. Wow. You feel like you're burning up. You should stay home today and get some rest. That's the bees. Review this video, Do the review and let me know. Of course, if you got any questions, I will see you in the C video 8. C Part 1: all right, It's see time. So let's do it and we're gonna start with to call around to call around is exactly the same as to ask around. But if you call around, you do it using your phone again. This is to find something out, to get many perspectives to get the information you need by asking several people and not just one. I'm not sure what time the store actually opens. Let me call around just to see if anyone knows I'll call around to see if any of my friends can help you move your stuff to call someone back. To call someone back is to return someone's phone call. Maybe before you weren't available. So now you need to return their call. Ah, you need to call that person back to see why they called. I'm busy right now. Can can I call you back in, like, 30 minutes? Sure. I'll be here. Sure, I'll be here. Call me back to call off something to call something off is to cancel something to cancel an event. Not enough people were going to attend, so we had to call it off to call on someone first, especially at school. To call on someone means to pick someone. So maybe the teacher needs some student to give the response. But nobody is raising their hand, so she calls on someone. If no one volunteers to speak, I'm going to call on one of you. So who knows it? Second, to call on someone or something means to use their knowledge or support to help you to help you do something. I called on my father's insight. In order for me to fix the car. I called on my training. Tout me in that difficult situation. To call someone up. To call someone up is just to call someone to dialled someone, to talk to someone on the telephone and to call someone up does sound a little bit more informal than just saying to call someone. I can't talk right now, but I'll call you up tonight, all right. To calm down, to calm down is just to relax, to take it easy, especially if before you were feeling nervous or anxious, just calm down. There is nothing to worry about to not care for something. If you don't care for something, it means you don't like it It's not your cup of tea. I don't care for baseball. It's is too slow. It's boring. Oh, your friend Lisa. No, To be honest, I don't really care for her. She's kind of a jerk to carry something over. To carry something over is to transfer something to a later point in time. Usually here, we're talking about money or credit. My cell phone plan allows me to carry over my unused minutes and data to the next month. You paid me more than you had to this month. So I'm going to carry that amount over to next month's payment. And he will owe me $50 less to catch up with someone or to catch up on something first to catch up with. Someone can mean to talk to someone after a long period of time of not seeing each other. It means to talk about the things you've been doing recently. So last night I caught up with Mark. It turns out that he got a new job and his sons really doing well in school. It was nice to catch up the other meaning of to catch up with someone or a group of people means that they were ahead of you. Maybe they were making progress on a project and you were behind or can be physical. Like if you're in a race and you want to catch up with someone means you want to get to where they are and probably also get ahead of them who is sick all week. So I really have to catch up on this project. I don't know how, but just at the end of the race I caught up with the leader and I took first. To change over to something to change over is to transition, to make a change from one thing to another. TV's just aren't selling anymore. People are watching TV on their computers, so what we're going to do is change over from TV's toe laptops to check in, to check out to check in to check out that is to go to your hotel to get your room key, and to check out is to return everything, pay anything that you need to end leave. Get out. We can't check in until 3 p.m. So maybe let's go to a cafe to check out something to check something out means to investigate, to check the validity of something to see if it's true or untrue. I really don't believe what he said. Let's check it out. I'm going to check on the computer to check out someone now here. To check someone out is to quickly look at someone's body, most often because you're kind of physically attractive. So maybe you check out there, but you check out a woman's breasts or some feature of their body that catches gets your attention. She caught me checking her out while we were standing in line, and it was really embarrassing. Check it out, Check it out, means Look, look at this. Look at that. Hey, check it out. It's happy hour. That means we get half price drinks. To check up on someone. To check up on someone is to see how they're doing, what they're doing, or maybe to see if they're doing what they should be doing. You better shut up the teachers coming to check up on us. Just one second. I need to call my son to check up on him. He said he wasn't feeling too well today to cheer up, to cheer someone up to cheer someone up means to put them in a better mood, to try to make someone feel better. Um, to make someone happier by doing something nice, maybe telling a joke. Whatever you have to do. If you want someone to feel better as a command, you can say Cheer up. She had a really bad day today, so let's try to cheer her up by taking her out for dinner. Cheer up. Stop worrying about it. To cheer someone on. To cheer someone on is to support someone, either by just making loud noises. If it's something like a competition, or to give them words of encouragement to say things that motivate that person, we can also say to root for someone. Are you cheering on the team in blue or the team in red? Personally, I'm rooting for the team in red because they are the underdogs. To chip in to chip in for something chip in is to help to contribute. It's usually either with effort, resource is or money were thinking of buying something really nice for Grandma for her birthday. So can you chip in like, $50? It's gonna be a lot of work to fix up this room. But do you think you can chip in some of your time to help, To clean up, to clean up is simply too clean to tidy something or to tidy something up. There's another meaning here, which is for a person to clean up. If a person cleans up, it means that they can go from looking pretty messy and dirty and then look really nice. Especially if you're wearing a suit or just nicer clothes. Your brother really cleans up well, I saw him this morning and he looked like a slob. But now that I see him with his hair don and a nice shirt, he looks really cleaned up house. I know, I know the house is a mess right now, but I'll clean it up on Sunday. 9. C Part 2: to come across something. If you come across something, it's toe. Find something by accident, Not on purpose. I was cleaning the basement when I came across this old photo albums. Isn't that great to come across as plus adjective or to come across as a plus? Now you can come across as studious. If you're studying English, you can come across as a jerk if you're being rude. If you're being inconsiderate, I don't like them. They always come across as arrogant and rude. You hungry? Especially him. He can really come across as a jerk to come apart. If something comes apart, it separates. Often, things come apart unintentionally. We don't want them to come apart, but also, sometimes we need them to come apart. I don't get it. How can I make this piece come apart? It seems impossible to come down with something. If you come down with something like the flu or a cold, it means you get sick. So it's not a very serious illness again. It's it's more temporary and not so severe. I'm not gonna go for the run today. I came down with a cold and I just can't breathe right now to come in to come in to a places to enter You come into your house you come into a building or a room. Hey, you better be dressed because I'm coming in through come in is also a great command to tell someone toe enter If you don't want someone to come in say don't come in Don't come in Come in The door's open to come in to come in for work here to come in means to goto work If you're sick or if you can't go toe work for some reason you can call and say I'm sorry I can't come in today I'm really sick I haven't seen market all today Did he come in now? He couldn't come in today he had a doctor's appointment to come forward To come forward is to volunteer yourself for a task or to give evidence for something. We need at least 50 people to come forward to volunteer to help us find this missing child Police are asking anyone with information to come forward. You will not be in any trouble to come up with something. If you come up with something, it means you think of an idea. It's to have an idea that you thought of that you created. I can't come up with anything for how to increase sales. What can we do? Who came up with the idea last quarter for something to come up first for something to come up means that a topic was brought up. It was discussed in the conversation. Did your boss mention giving you a raise today? No. The topic did not come up second for something to come up means for something to happen unexpectedly for something just to happen or occur. I was going to go to the conference, but then something came up at home. My son got sick, so I couldn't go to count on someone to count on. Someone is due to depend on someone to rely on someone. So you count on people who are reliable. Also, if you're counting on someone to do something, it means that you expect them to do it. You are depending on them to do it. They should do it. Are you sure that we can count on your brother to do this project off course. He's very trustworthy to cross out something. If you cross something out, you draw a line or you scribble through it. That's toe to cross it out. This congest be to eliminate an option to show that something on a list has been accomplished or or purchased. If your grocery shopping or for whatever reason, that you cross something out. Students, you can cross out the second required book on this list. We will not be using that this semester to cut back on something. If you cut back on something, you're consuming less of it. You're not having as much of it. Do you want another piece of cake? No, thank you. I am cutting back on sweets to cut down. To cut something down is to make it fall and hit the ground. Usually, we cut things down with a saw. Now to cut down on something is the exact same as to cut back on something to consume less toe, have less of something. Please remember to turn off your bedroom. Lights were trying to cut back on electricity. If we don't cut down on, it is going to cost a lot to cut in first. To cut in means to interrupt a conversation to stop someone from speaking so that you can say something. Sorry to cut in. But how do I get to the stadium? Second, when driving to cut in front of someone or to cut into someone's lane is to pass someone and then go in front of them. And this causes the other person to probably swerve or toe have to adjust themselves. It's very impolitely to cut in front of someone while driving because it doesn't give the other person enough time. And it's dangerous because you're very close to the other vehicle. That asshole cut right in front of me nearly drove me off the road. Finally, to cut in line means to not wait your turn and to try toe enter the line closer to the front. Wait. Is that guy cutting in line? Yo, get to the back of the line. No cutting to cut someone off. If you cut someone off means you remove their supply. You're not giving them any more of something him. I think you've had enough to drink. I'm going to be cutting you off tonight. Do you need a ride home to cut off? To cut something off means to remove something with something sharp. Everyone at the gym cuts off their sleeves, I guess maybe because it feels better and feels cooler to cut out something. If you cut something out, it's usually with this scissors. And we're talking about removing something, usually from, Ah, paper like a newspaper, and we cut it out. We remove it by cutting it. Oh, look, there's a coupon for a free dinner tonight in the newspaper. Cut it out for me. Okay, cut it out. Cut it out. Means the same as Stop. Stop it! Enough kids, stop arguing. Cut it out! To cut out to be cutting out. If you're talking to someone and they're cutting out, it means you have a bad connection. Sometimes you can hear them, but sometimes you can't. You're cutting in and out. It's a minor disruption and it happens for a brief period of time but is very irritating. I'm sorry. I couldn't hear what you said. You cut out. Can you repeat it to cut out food to cut out a specific food? If you cut out of food, you eliminate it from your diet. You don't eat it any more. I used to eat a ton of bacon, but I cut it out because it's just not good for my heart. All right, that's the sees, a lot of seas. So get going review. Do the practices do the exercises? I guarantee it will help you learn faster. 10. D: to divide something up. To divide something up is to distribute it, to share it among people or to put something into pieces so that it's easily shared. I hope he has a will. So when he dies, the land is easily distributed among his Children because if he doesn't divide it up, then how will he share it among all of his Children? To do away with something to do away with something that's something usually being a law or a rule means to stop something to stop doing it. This can also be something that people practice or a norm, something that's typical in society. But it is done away with meaning. Maybe people stop acting that way. After World War Two, all European Union countries, I had to do away with the death penalty. To do something over a do over. To do something over called a do over is just to try to do something again. A second attempt. You suck at this game. You crashed right at the beginning. Do you want to do it over to draw something out first? To draw something out means to extend it too much, and he were usually talking about time to make something last longer than it should. That speech was torture. It was supposed to last 30 minutes, but somehow he drew it out to two hours. To dress up. To dress up is to wear nice clothes to dress. Fancy for dinner tonight. So I need to dress up. Or can I wear a T shirt to drive up the price of something? If you drive up a price, it means you're making it cost more. You're forcing it to cost more to be more expensive. You should really drive a hybrid vehicle, because that way you don't have to worry about them driving up the price of gas to drop in to drop by. If you're dropping by someone's house, you were visiting with very little notice. No warning, and you're probably not going to be there for very long. So you go somewhere not with a lot of warning, not really planned out, and you probably won't spend too much time. Mark's going to drop by for a couple minutes because he wants to see the new TV to drop something or someone off. If you're dropping something off your taking it somewhere and then leaving it there. So you're taking it from Point A to point B. But you will not stay with the thing or the person that you're dropping off. Lisa, I need a ride to the park. Can you drop me off for something to drop off? If something is dropping off, it's decreasing. The value of gold has really been dropping off since October. The popularity of X Box has been dropping off since the release of a Nintendo switch. To drop out to drop out of school is to stop attending school to not graduate. If you drop out of high school, you are a high school dropout. If you drop out of university or college, you are a college dropout. Bill Gates was a college dropout, but he still managed to create a really successful company. There's another meaning here to drop out of a competition. It means to stop competing to quit. I couldn't compete against them. They were too good. So I dropped out and I'll try again next year, All right, that was the DEA's. Do the practice stuff. Do the review and I'll see you in the e video 11. E: all right. You made it to the ease. We don't have very many here, so let's do it to eat out. If you like eating out, you like going to a restaurant to eat. It's to go outside of your home and Teoh eat food somewhere else. Now, if you go to a place like a restaurant and you order food but you take it back home, we call that take out. Do you feel like eating out tonight? No, we kind of have to dress up. Right? Let's just order some take. Oh, maybe Chinese to end up doing something end up doing something is to eventually do something or two to finally decide to do something. What did you end up doing last night? You know, I I thought about going to the party, but then I actually just ended up watching TV. Wow, that was all of the ease for now. So let's continue to the F video. All right? 12. F: we got the EFS Some really good phrase. Oh, verbs. So let's take a look for a plan for something to fall apart if something falls apart, especially an event or a plan. It didn't happen, really, because it it failed toe happen. You wanted it to probably. But it just wasn't able to materialize or it didn't work as it was supposed to. Did you all go skiing last weekend? No. It fell apart because we couldn't get a vehicle to drive up there for someone to fall apart . If someone is falling apart, they are becoming a mess. They are not in control of their life. We can say that their life is falling apart. He used to have a really nice job, family, a car. But then he started doing drugs and his whole life fell apart to fall down to fall down. Well, that's just if something falls and hits, the ground falls to the ground. Careful in the closet. Those boxes up top, though, fall down. If you're not careful to fall back onto something to fall back on to someone toe fall back on someone or something means to depend on something, especially something you have in reserve something for just in case for emergencies. If your new business isn't a success, maybe you have to fall back on your old job. You need to go back toe working at your old job. If you run out of money, maybe you need to fall back on your parents. You need to ask your parents for money. The government needs more social welfare programs so that poor people can fall back on these safety nets in cases of emergency to fall behind. If you fall behind, you get behind schedule, meaning you probably will not meet your deadline. You can also fall behind a group meaning that other people in your group are in front of you. For whatever reason, maybe in a race or in terms of working on a project you fell behind and now everyone else is a few steps ahead of you. Oh, we're falling behind. If we don't hurry up, we're not going to finish on time. You have to go fast. You're falling behind the group. Do you need more help after class? To fall for someone to fall for someone is to get romantic feelings for someone basically to fall in love with someone to really like someone. I wasn't attracted to him right away, but then I really fell for him after I saw how nice he is with Children to fall into a category toe. Fall into a category means that something is classified a certain way. When applying to universities. Your application can fall into two categories early applications and regular regular applications for something to fall out of something. If something falls out of something, it separates from the interior. Basically, the thing escapes. Maybe you have an old wallet, and because of that, some of your money falls out and you lose it. Or if you have too much stuff in your purse and you're digging around for stuff, some things will probably fall out. Oh God. My keys fell out of my pocket when we were sitting in the train for hair and teeth to fall out. If your hair is falling out, you're losing your hair. It's coming out. It's falling out. If you're losing your teeth, they're falling out. So brush your teeth. Frost floss your teeth. She was a very attractive lady until all of her teeth started falling out for something toe fall off of something. If something falls off of something, it means that it became detached and fell. So, for example, if you have a cup on the table and maybe you have a cat that pushes it off, your cup falls off of the table and hits the floor or falls on the floor, I must be gaining weight because one of these buttons just fell off my shirt to figure something out. To figure something out is to understand it. To find the answer. Did you figure out the answer to number three? No, I've been trying to figure that one out for like 30 minutes. It's tough to fill something in to fill something out. To fill something out is to write information in the blanks, on a document or on a piece of paper. When I say blanks, I'm talking about the spaces that don't have any writing. The areas were you write something on a test. That's where you write the answer. You're going toe a doctor. That's where you fill in your personal information and why you're visiting the hospital before you can see the doctor. I need you to fill out these documents, okay, To fill something up, this is to fill something like a cup to the top with something like water or milk or whatever you're drinking to the top to make it full. When you get gas for your vehicle. We can also say that you are filling your vehicle up to fill your car up with gas to put gas in your car. Oh, you can put more coffee in there. You can fill it up. This is going to be a long ride. So I'm going to stop at the gas station to fill the car up to find something out. Find something out is to discover something to learn information that you did not know before. Why is it so loud downstairs? I'm going down there to find out what's going on. All right, We did the EFS, of course. Get to the review. Do your practice sentences. Say them out loud. I'll see you later 13. G Part 1: continue with the G's All right To get an idea across getting an idea across is to communicate an idea to tell someone something to make something understandable or at least have it heard. It's very hard for me to get my ideas across at work because nobody listens to me. We need to get it across. That exercising is good for him to get along with someone. If you get along with someone you have, Ah, good relationship. You enjoy each other's company. Do you want to go to the party tonight? Are you talking about Marx party? And now we really don't get along. We don't like each other to get around to get around means how you move around a city or a space. It's usually when we're talking about the place where we live. If you have a car, you get around by car. If you use public transportation, you get around by bus by train. And if you enjoy walking, we can say you get around on foot or we can say you get around by walking by biking by running, how do you normally get around the city? Usually I get around by bus But if it's really nice out, I like to get around by biking to get around a problem now to get around a problem is to solve a problem, to resolve it or maybe even to avoid it and not even deal with it. This is to either fix the problem or to not fix it by avoiding it. We need to get around this problem, but how? I know you used to have an employee that could get around these types of problems by solving them, but I don't think we have anyone capable of it, so maybe we can just ignore it. For someone to get around. For a person to get around here means that a person sleeps, has sex with a lot of people. That guy's really cute. You have, I don't know. I heard he gets around. He sleeps with a lot of people to get around to something. Finally, the last get around is to get around to doing something to finally do something after a period of not doing it, either because of procrastination. Or maybe you were busy, but anyways, you did not do it earlier. But now you have the time or you have the focus to finally do it. Did you wash the dishes? No, I was too busy. But I promise I will get around to doing it tonight to get away First. To get away can mean to escape, to flee, to break free. Have you ever heard of a get away car? This is a car that criminals use, especially after committing committing a crime or robbing a bank to escape their get away. More commonly, to get away means to go on vacation. So a get away can also mean vacation a trip. We have a really nice get away plan this weekend. We're going to be spending it at this lodge in the woods. It's impossible for me to get away from my boss no matter what. He always finds me to get away with something. To get away with. Something is to do something without being noticed without being seen or without getting in trouble for doing it. So if you did something bad normally you're punished. You get disciplined. But if you get away with it, it means either you were not seen doing it or they just did. They just decided not to punish you. Did your mom punish you for arrive arriving home so late yesterday? No. I got away with it because I told her that my car broke down to get back. If you're getting back from somewhere, it means you are arriving. Usually we get back home. What time are you going to get back? Tonight? We're going to have a meeting, so I probably won't be back until 9 p.m. To get back. Something to get back. Something is to receive something that you had before. And now they're finally returning it. You're getting it back. You're getting it back. Can I borrow the car tonight on Lee? If I can get it back before work tomorrow morning to get back at someone now to get back at someone is to retaliate, to take revenge on someone. So maybe someone did something mean or bad to you. And you want to get back. You want revenge. So you try to get back to take revenge? She embarrassed me in front of the whole class. I swear I'm going to get back at her to get back into something to get back into doing something. If you want to get back into something, it means you want to start doing it again. It is to become interested or involved in something again, because maybe you you took a break or you were too busy. But you want to do it again. Are you still studying German? I've been too busy with work lately, but I really hope I can get back into it after peak season to get on with someone. If you get on with someone, well, it means you get along with, um, you have a good relationship. You enjoy each other's company. Thanks for inviting me to meet your friends. We really got on super well to get in a vehicle. To get in or to get into a vehicle is to step inside of it, toe open the door and sit down. The command is get in. Generally, it's only for vehicles, vehicles that have a steering wheel, seats and doors. But you might also hear it for a building or for a room. If someone wants you to come inside, are you Mr Mark? I'm your uber driver. Get in. He has a really nice sports car, but it's so tiny that It's really hard to get in to get in when we talk about arriving home . The time that you get in is the is the time that you go home that you arrive home. What time do you normally get in after work? Lately I've been getting in around six to get over an illness. If you get over an illness, it means you recovered from it. You're feeling better. No more symptoms. I know you were sick on Friday, but are you feeling well enough to come in on Monday? Yeah. I got over my cold and I'm ready to go back toe work. To get over a person to get over someone is to forget about the past relationship, to move on, to not worry about them anymore and to be capable of continuing your life without them. Lisa, you have to get over. Mark. You weren't even a good couple. Stop thinking about him. You have to move on. Get over him to get together. Ah, get together. To get together with someone or a group of people is to meet for social purposes. We don't get together to goto work or to do something for business. we do get together for social events. So maybe you have a work picnic or you want to have a get together with friends to celebrate something. Some guys from work or having a get together playing poker this weekend. Do you want to come? Sure. It sounds like a great way to get together with the guys and not talk about work to get up . Get up out of bed to get up is to get out of bed toe. Wake up to get ready for the day. Rise and shine. What time do you get up? I usually get up out of bed around six. 14. G Part 2: to get up now here to get up just means to stand up, to stop sitting and to be on your feet. Stop sitting down like that. The bosses coming. You look super lazy. Get up to give away information to give something away. Talking about information that was not known, maybe was secret or private means to reveal the information, to tell someone to inform someone. Here comes Marc. Don't give anything away about a surprise party to give something away. A giveaway here to give something away means to give it to people for free. We call this type of view of event where lots of people get free stuff, a giveaway. She's retiring, so she's giving away all of her supplies to her coworkers. You should fill out this form because then you have a chance to win something during the give away, to give away the bride to give away the bride. The bride is the female. In the wedding, the groom is the mail to give away. The bride is when her father, basically hands her off, gives her to the groom during the wedding after he walks her down the aisle. I always get so emotional when I see the the father of the bride walked her down the aisle and give her away to give something back. To give something back is to return something to return something that you had borrowed. You give something back to the person who had lent it to you. Just one second. I need to give Mark his pencil back that I borrowed to give in. If you give in, you reluctantly do something that you probably said you would not do or is to do something that maybe you didn't want to do. But you finally agreed to do it. Generally you disagreed at first, but then you finally agree reluctantly to do it. She didn't want to stay up so late, but her boyfriend convinced her. So she gave in and she did it. To give out something to give something out is to give the same thing too many people. It's to hand something out. Ah, and for example, on Halloween we hand out, we give out candy toe lots of Children. I love going toe expose like this because they always give out so much cool swag to give up something to give up something. Usually talking about a habit that's bad for your health is to quit. To stop doing something you need to give up. Smoking is really hurting your health now just to give up this means to quit, to admit, to defeat, to accept failure. This is impossible. I can't do it. I give up to go after someone to go after someone is basically the same as to be after someone to be chasing someone, to be trying to find someone. If you run away with my clothes after I go in the pool, I'm going to go after you to go after a dream to go after a gold. If you're going after a dream or a goal, you're really trying to accomplish your dreams. You're trying to fulfill your goals to be successful. No matter how big your goals are, you need to go after them with 100% of your effort to go against someone to go against something. To go against someone or something means to compete against someone or to oppose something or someone to not like it. Toe. Want to stop it? Our team is going against your team next week Who do you think's going to win? I'm going against lowering the taxes because the government needs taxes to help fund programs, to go ahead, to go ahead and to go ahead with something is to start something to start doing something to begin. She never replied to my messages, So I went ahead and I started decorating without her to go back. To go back somewhere is to return to return to a place. You guys continue the hike, but I need to go back because I have to take a call to go out. To go out is to leave your home for any type of social event parties, eating out anything that's outside of the house. Let's go out tonight. I feel like doing something fun to go out with someone to go out with. Someone is going on a date with someone spending time together, and it also actually means to be in a relationship with someone to be partners. We've been going out for 10 years, and we still go out on dates all the time to go over something. If you go over something, you review it, you look it over, you check it for errors. I'm worried that I might have some typos, some spelling mistakes in this document. Can you go over it for me just to check? To go over to someone's house now to go over to someone is to go and visit them. It's two to stop by. I'll be a little late today because I'm going over to Mark's for a little bit. To go without something to go without. Something means you suffer because you don't have enough of it. You lack it. It's basically deprivation. We've been going without clean water for a week now, and it's really hard to find clean drinking water to grow apart. When you grow apart from someone, it means you stop having a close relationship, either because your personalities change or because your interest change. You no longer have anything in common. We got divorced because we just we grew apart. We became different people to grow something back. To grow something back means to grow. For example, your hair again. Maybe after cutting it short, some animals can grow parts of their body back. It means to regrow to get something to return. Some lizards can grow back their tails after they have been broken off. I really think you should cut your hair short because if you don't like it, you can just grow it back. To grow into something to grow into. Close means to be small when you first get a piece of clothes, but to get larger and for them to finally fit you. So at first the clothes are too big, but you grow into them. You're still growing, getting larger as a person, so the clothes will eventually fit you. I always by my kids clothes that are too big so that they can grow into them and where them longer to grow out of something. Now to grow out of clothes means to get too big for the clothes, so the clothes no longer fit. You're too big, and now they are too small. You are growing so fast, everything I buy you, you grow out of stop growing to grow up. To grow up is to become an adult, um, to age and to become more mature. We can also say that you grew up somewhere. The place where you grow up is basically like your hometown, or it's where you spent your childhood childhood or your early years. I can't believe you grew up on a farm. That's interesting. A good amount of G. So review Do all of the practice you need to and let me know if you have any questions. 15. H: We've got some really good h is I hope you guys are learning a lot. Let's continue to hand something down to someone. If you hand something down to someone, you are giving them something that is already used. We call something that's used that is given to someone else, especially close. Ah, hand me down or plural Hand me downs. Younger Children hate getting hand me downs from their older siblings. But remember, basically to hand something down is just to give something that is used to someone else is not always close, and it can be nicer things. When my grandfather died, he handed me down his favorite watch. I'm the youngest child, so I get all the hand me downs. I don't get any new clothes to hand in something. Hand in. Something is to submit something to turn it in, especially assignments or projects you must hand in your assignments before class. If you don't, you will fail to hand something over now. To hand something over is to give something to someone to turn it in, but unwillingly. Usually you don't want to hand something over. What do you have? Did you take that from my purse handed over. To hang in there. Hang in there means to keep doing your best to do something, to continue doing it, even though it might be difficult or challenging. Or maybe you just want to stop. It's also an expression of support. Hang in there, don't give up. How are you doing in the advanced class? Oh, it's tough. I know it's tough, but hang in there. I think you can do it to hang on. If someone tells you to hang on, they're telling you, Toe, wait just a moment. Just a minute. I'm sorry She's away right now, but if you hang on just maybe two minutes, I think she'll be right back to hang up to hang up the phone. If you hang up, you end the call, you end the conversation. He got really angry, and he hung up without even saying goodbye to hold someone back. If you hold someone back, you are preventing them from doing something. You're you're stopping them. Things can also hold you back Time holds us back from doing more things that we want and money holds us back. Maybe from buying all of the things that we want. I could get any of these jobs. But the only thing holding me back is experience to hold back emotions. You're holding back your emotions. You are trying to prevent your emotions from being expressed. So you feel the emotions inside. But you're trying to not show or exhibit the emotions. You're hiding your emotions. His speech was so emotional that I couldn't hold back my tears. Hold on, Toehold on is toe. Wait a short time. It's the exact same as to hang on. Hold on just one minute. Let me check to hold on to something toe. Hold on to something is to use your hands to firmly hold onto something to not let go. It can also be using your arms toe. Hold onto something especially if it's larger. Can you hold on to my jacket for one second? I don't want it to fall on the ground while I tie my shoes. Hold up! Hold up! Hold up! Means weight. Stap Sir, Hold up! You forgot your wallet. Ah, hold up toe. Hold someone up. Ah, hold up Can be a robbery. When someone steals all of your money, they tell you Hold it all up. Hold it up Because, um, I think it's because you have to hold up your arms. Hold up now. Ah, hold up. Can also be something that just means like a temporary problem. Something that's stopping you from continuing, stopping you from making progress. What's the holdup? Why's everyone standing in line? Why isn't the line moving old? There's a hold up with the computers. There's a problem. So ah, hold up Can be a problem. Ah, hold up. Can be a robbery. And yeah, that's a holdup toe. Hold something up, Toehold. Something up is toe toe. Hold it up to keep it in the air or to keep it lifted. Oh, can you hold it up just a little bit more? Oh, perfect. We'll nail it in the wall right there to be hung up on something. If you're hung up on something, you're worried about it. You're anxious. You are thinking about it way too much. Stop thinking about it. I'm really hung up on what might happen if she loses her job. I mean, it would be devastating. That's the end time to review. All right, 16. K: This is the phrase over the course. We are on the letter K. We've got a handful toe look at. So let's do it to keep on doing something to keep on. Doing something is to continue doing something to not stop. You're doing a great job on the project. Keep on going. Don't stop. You're going to finish it on time to keep something from someone. If you keep something from someone, you don't tell someone information, you keep the information from them. You don't tell them the secret information or the private information. You knew she cheated on me. But you kept that from me for two years to keep something out. To keep something or even someone out means to prevent them from entering a room or a space or a building to not allow in. Close the door. You're letting all of the bugs in. We want to keep them out to keep something up when someone tells you to keep it up there telling you to continue to keep going, It's also kind of encouraging. It's a way to motivate people. Keep it up and you are doing a great job studying English so honestly keep it up. Our sales were through the roof this quarter. Great work. Keep up the hard work. And that was the case. So make your examples. Do the review and message me if you have any questions. 17. L: you are rocking it. You're doing a really good job. We've got some Els toe Look at some really good phrase, all verbs. So let's continue to let someone down if you let someone down. You are disappointing someone. I failed two classes this semester and that really let my parents down. There were super disappointed in me. To let someone in to let someone in is the opposite of keeping someone out. It is to allow someone or something toe enter to come inside. The dog has been outside for five hours. Let him in. He's going to die in the hot weather to log in to log out to log in is to sign in tow a website or a databases toe. Enter your user name and password, and when you are finished, you sign out so other people cannot access your information. Okay, so click here to log in perfect. And when you're finished, remember toe log out to look after someone to look after something. If you're looking after someone or something, you're taking care of it. You're watching over it, basically protecting it, keeping an eye on it. I'm busy on Tuesdays because I always have to look after my grandma to look down on someone or to look down on something. If you look down on someone or something, you think less of it. You don't think it's as worthy. It's inferior. A lot of people look down on Chinese products because they think that it's made with less quality to look for something. Are you looking for something more than it means? You're searching for something. You're trying to find something. Give me just one second. I'm looking for the email you sent me to look forward to something to look forward to doing something. If you're looking forward to something, especially any event, it means you're really excited. You can't wait. You're anticipating it. I'm really looking forward to going on this trip. It's gonna be so much fun to look into something. When you look into something, it means you investigated. You research. You try to find more information. There was a robbery yesterday, but no suspects. So the police are looking into it to find out who committed the crime. To look out for someone to look out for someone is to watch over someone to protect them, to keep an eye on them to make sure they're okay. I'm always looking out for my brother to make sure he's Oh, he's all right. He's doing okay in school. To look out for something to look out for something means to be vigilant, to be checking for something, examining for it, being careful and cautious. And when we say Look out, it means be careful. If you're hiking at night, make sure toe look out for wolves. They're dangerous to look something over. If you look something over, it means to examine it, to check it, to make sure it's accurate and well done. I just finished the rough draft of my paper, so I'm sure it could use some improvements. Can you look it over for me to look something up? To look something up is to research something to find out more information about it. I don't remember the specific statistic. Let's look it up to see what it waas to look up to. Someone. If you look up to someone, it means you respect them. You venerate them, you admire them. I really look up to my parents for everything they've done for me. They're great people and that's the Els. So of course you know, do the review, make some examples right them and say them out loud and I'll see you soon. 18. M: this is the M Fraser verbs. Let's get started to make out. To make out with someone is to kiss someone into touch them physically to feel somewhat up to kind of grope, but with permission. Ah, it's toe. Put your hands all over them. Kissing. Ah, lot of kissing. We met at the club. We went and got some pizza. We were pretty drunk. And then we just started to make out to make something up. Do you make things up? Well, that means that you lie about things you create. You don't tell the truth and you kind of invent stories. That is to make something up. Wait. So you made that up. She didn't really steal your bag. Why would you make that story up? To make up? To make up with someone is to forgive someone to forgive each other. After a dispute, disagreement or argument, you make up, you make things right. Are you and Mark still angry? No, we made up. Everything's better now to make someone up. This can be to put makeup on someone to make someone's face look better, prettier and usually this is for for women and make up is what you wear on your face. The eyeliner are blush, and those kinds of things don't come in. I'm making Lisa up right now. I want it to be a surprise, how good she looks to make someone up to be something or like something. This is to make someone sound like something, or to make someone to give the appearance of someone acting or behaving a certain way. Oftentimes, we use this to make someone seem bad or to try to give our opinion or perspective about a person. And oftentimes it's negative. We make someone out to be a mean person. We make someone out to be generally negative, but sometimes positive. You really made him out to be a nice person, but he's actually quite rude. Your friends were really nice before I met them. You made them out to be jerks. But they're the nicest people I've ever met to make up an exam, a makeup. If you have to make up an exam, it is to redo an exam to do it over. You were not able to attend the first time, and so you have the makeup, a makeup exam, a makeup test, a makeup quiz, make up homework. It's stuff that you were not present for. And so you get more time to do it or you get a new opportunity to do it. Excuse me, teacher. I'm going to be absent on Friday. Is it possible to take a makeup exam next week to mix something up? Now, mixing something up? The noun here, being a mix up means to confuse two or more things. It's to miss steak generally also, because you thought something or someone was something else. You mix two things up. You confuse them is confusing something. Oh, no. I'm sorry. I thought my appointment was at 7 p.m. I mixed it up. I thought it was at 7 a.m. No, that's not Mark. That's his friend George. How did you mix them up there? Completely different. To move along. To move along is to move or to get out of the way. Often times you will hear this as a command. Move along. Keep moving. Especially if you're blocking an entrance or blacking walkway. The line is over here. If you're not waiting in line, please move along. You're creating a barrier. That was the EMS. Do the review, do your exercises and of course, message me with any questions. OK, 19. P1: pup. Puppy time. Let's take a look at the P frazzle. Verbs do pass away to pass away. That means to die. It's a nicer, more polite way to say it, especially if you're speaking to someone who lost a loved one. Someone who knows the person who died, especially if you're at a funeral or giving your grievances, saying you're sorry to someone you can say, I'm sorry for your loss. Ah, it's sad to hear that so and so this person passed away. I'm sorry for your loss. At least he passed away peacefully in his sleep. To pass out to pass out is too faint to lose consciousness. Something like some people pass out if they see blood. Some people pass out or faint because of exhaustion. There's lots of ways are lots of reasons why you might pass out. Don't show her your cut. She's very squeamish. If she sees blood, I promise you will pass out to pass out something to pass out. Something is to give out something to give the same thing. Too many people. If you're in a class, the teacher will pass out the homework because you all get the same homework. If you're at a conference or a meeting, hopefully they will pass out some materials to you before we start the meeting. Mark, could you pass out the folders with the data to pass over something? If you pass something over, it can be to skip something or to avoid it. Bypass also works here. That means that you skip something maybe for later. So we're going to pass it over, and we will look at it on Tuesday, where this part isn't very important. We'll look at it next time. We really don't have enough time in class to discuss this part of the history. So let's pass it over for now. And if we have time later, we will talk about it next week to pass up something to pass something up, usually something good or are decent. Something you might actually want is to decline it, to not take the opportunity or to say no to a chance. Probably because you have something better or there's something more important for you. So while it's something good, you still do not take it, I had to pass up the opportunity toe to take the promotion because if I took it, then I would have no time to spend with my family. So I passed it up for now. But maybe I'll accept that promotion in the future to pay someone back. If you pay someone back what that is to return money to them, to return money to someone that lent it to you before it's to return the money that you owe someone, I lend you the money. And then hopefully in the future you will pay me back. You do the same if you take alone. Except you also have to pay extra interest. I forgot my lunch money at home. Can you give me $5 I'll pay you back later to pay for something first to pay for something . It's just to purchase something to spend the money in order to get it. Oh, don't worry. I'm gonna pay for this lunch. Remember, I still owe you from before now. Another use here of to pay for something means that you will be punished for something or someone might retaliate because you did something bad. So if you pay for something, it means someone will take revenge, or that you will get in trouble for it. So you do something bad and there will be consequences. I can't believe they stole our luggage. If I ever find them, I swear they're going to pay for it. To pick out something to pick something out is to choose one thing among many options. So you have several choices and you have to pick something out. So you pick one of them Among the many options that you have. Basically, it's to make a choice. Pick out one of these ties. Which one do you like the most to point something out or two Point someone out. If you point someone or something out, your indicating showing it, Ah, drawing people's attention to it. Yeah, So what? What are you trying to point out? I don't see what's so important here. I'm pointing out that she lied to us about being busy at that time. To pull away. To pull away means to gain in distance, to put distance between you and someone else, especially when we're talking about a competition like running. So if you pull away, it means you are getting a good lead. Everyone else is far behind you. Look at him go look at him, pull away from all of the other runners. He's doing a really good job. We can also use this when talking about the score of a game when a team starts toe have a much bigger lead. For example, if they have 100 points compared to 50 points as there as the lead continues to grow, they are pulling away. Their lead is growing. Next. To pull away from someone means to draw yourself back to create distance. Usually here because of discomfort. You pull away because maybe someone's getting too close or you see something gross. He tried to put his arm around me, and I pulled away. I am not attracted to that due to pull for someone to pull for a team. If you pull for someone or if you're pulling for a team, it means you support them. You're cheering for them. You are rooting for them. This is going to be a really good match. Who are you pulling for to pull in? If you pull in somewhere, it's to drive into ah closed space like a driveway, a parking lot or a parking space or a parking spot slow down. This is the entrance pullin right here to pull off something. If you pull something off, you managed to do it here. We're talking about tasks, assignments, goals and objectives. So if you do them, you pull them off. You are successful. You got us courtside tickets to the Bulls game. How did you pull that off? That's amazing. Good job. 20. P2: to pull over. If you pull over, you are stopping your vehicle and putting it on the side of the road. Cops If they're following you when they turn on their lights, they are trying to pull you over to the side of the street or the road. And if you don't stop, the cop might say, Pull over, pull over. I can't remember. They either live on this block or than next one. Just pull over right here and we can walk the rest of the way. To pull through. To pull through means to recover from an illness, to get better, to recuperate. And now, with to pull through an illness can be severe. We can talk here about cancer or other severe illnesses, but it can also be talking about less severe illnesses like the flu or maybe even a more severe cold. The cancer was very severe. We thought he didn't have a chance of making it, but somehow he pulled through to put something across. When we say to put something across almost always an idea or a concept, it is to explain or state that idea or concept very clearly and understandably to say something in a very easy to understand way. You still don't understand what I'm trying to say, Jesus, how can I put this across so that you can understand it easily to put aside money? If you put money aside, you are saving money. You're putting it in your bank account or you are investing it. We put aside as much money as we can each month for emergencies to put a game away. When a team or a person who is competing puts a game away, it means to take such a large lead in the game or the competition that it's basically guaranteeing victory. So if you're playing soccer and it's now nine goals to one, you have basically put the game away. It's almost guaranteed. Of course, you never know something might happen, but you have basically put the game away. They put the game away in the second half after they scored their third goal. There was no chance for the other team to recover after that to put something back. If you put something back, you're putting it in its original place, where you found it, where it was before you put it somewhere else, we're going to an antique store, so be very careful if you touch anything. If you move it, be very, very careful when you put it back to put something down. If you're putting something down, it's in the air. Currently you're holding it or it's not on a solid surface and you're putting it back on a surface. It is to set something down. Don't pick that up. It's fragile. Put it down to put someone down. If you put someone down, you are insulting someone. It can also be an expression just to make someone feel stupid or dumb. We call this a put down. A put down is basically an insult. I felt really put down when the teacher showed my grade in class. I don't know if she did it on purpose to embarrass me, but it was really like a put down, basically an insult to put a child to bed, to put a child down to bed. If you put a child to bed, you are taking them to the room, maybe reading them a book, doing other bedtime activities and then covering them with a blanket. You're basically preparing them for bed for Ah, baby. We can also say to put a baby down to bed or to put a baby to sleep You don't have to pause the movie. I'm just going to put the baby down to bed to put something off. Oh, if you're putting something off, it is to procrastinate, to wait to do something you should be doing now to postpone doing it. So you're being kind of lazy if you put something off, we really need to start studying for the test. You have to stop putting it off. Stop watching TV and start studying to put out a fire. Literally. The first meeting here to put out a fire is to extinguish the fire basically to kill the fire, usually with water or two to smother the fire with dirt or other substances like that. Before we go back inside to sleep, we have to put out the fire. So go get the hose. Additionally, to put out a fire can mean to solve a problem to avoid a crisis. If we don't address this problem right now, we're gonna have a huge problem. So we need to put out this fire before it spreads to put out a problem now to put out a problem is the exact same as to put out a fire when talking about solving a problem, resolving it or avoiding the problem or avoid making it any worse. We really need to put out this problem. What are we going to do to put something together? If you put something together, you assemble it, you construct it, you build it piece by piece. If you have any furniture at your house, you have probably had to assemble or put together the furniture. You have to connect the pieces, connect the bulls, use a screwdriver or something to put it all together. The new chair arrived, but it's not assembled, so I'm going to spend the afternoon putting it together. Additionally, talking about plans or things you would like to do to put something together with someone came in to make a plan to arrange to do something. Yeah, let's put something together. If you're not busy on Saturday, maybe we can go to the lake. To put up with someone to put up with someone is to tolerate someone to be able to handle someone's personality. It doesn't mean that you enjoy their company. In fact, you probably don't. You can tolerate them. So they're not driving you crazy. They're not intolerable. But you can tolerate them. You can bear them. It's just it's okay. Not terrible, not great. I can Onley put up with his behavior because he's a great salesman. Otherwise, I would probably ask the boss to fire him. To put on something. To put something on is to put clothing or other accessories on your body to wear something , but not where it because wearing is the state. I'm wearing the shirt, but before I was wearing it, I had to put it on. I had to get dressed. Maybe you should put on something nice. I don't think you want to wear a shirt to the dinner. We're going to a lot of peas, so let me know if you have any questions and, of course, do the exercises. All right, 21. R: we got the R's here. Let's get going. Number one to run into someone. Okay, If you run into someone, you meet them. You see them unexpectedly. You did not plan to see this person. You cross paths, you run into each other. A Nintendo. Chinna Lee Hate. You'll never guess who I ran into at the store. Our old neighbor to run over something or to run over someone. Ouch! If someone runs you over, they drove over you with their vehicle. Here's their car. Here's you are correct. If you get run over your whole body, you're probably dead. But you can also just run over someone's hand or their foot, and that's less serious. I heard that last night, some drunk. I tried to run across the highway, and he immediately got run over by a car to run over something or to run through something . Now, here, when we're talking about something that you need to review or to check for errors, it's to go over something that's to run through something or to run over something. It's to practice also to rehearse, to feel more comfortable with the material. By looking at it again. The play is tomorrow night, so everybody is getting together so that we can run over the script and make sure that nobody forgets their lines. To run away. For someone to run away first can just mean to escape unexpectedly so someone else does not know that you are trying to flee or to get out. The bullies were trying to hold her down, but she managed to run away. Now, for a child or any person who is still living with their parents, to run away is an attempt to leave the house to flee. Escape from your parents because you don't like the situation at home. For younger Children, this is often insincere. They come back after maybe an hour or so, maybe just because they're upset. But usually if you're a teen or an adolescent and you run away, it's probably because of more serious reasons, and you might not come back. She had a tough childhood, and when she was 16 she ran away from home and moved to California to run out of something . If you run out of something, you have none of it left. It's gone. You've used it all. Never mind. We can't make omelettes because we've run out of eggs. That was ours. Good luck with the review and keep going, all right. 22. S: Let's do the SS to send something back. To send something back is to return something because you don't want it. If you're ordering food but you decide, it's not very good. You can send it back. Send it back to the kitchen. Ah, if you get a package, you can send it back if you want to get your money back. Maybe it didn't work or you weren't happy with the product. So send it back. Mail it back. The steak is too well done. I'm going to send it back to set an event up. When we set any event up, we're talking about organizing or arranging the event to make it possible. Wow, You set up this entire festival in three days. How did you set it up so quickly To set someone up now to set someone up is to trick or trap someone often times to make it seem like someone did something even though they didn't . So if someone wants to set you up for a crime, they're going to make it look like you committed the crime. Even though you didn't that is called to frame someone. I didn't do it, I swear they set me up there trying to frame me to set someone up with someone. Finally, to set someone up with someone means to try to introduce two people to start a relationship , to arrange a relationship, to introduce to people who don't know each other in order to try to get them to start dating. We should set up my brother with your sister. I think they would get along really well to shop around. If you're shopping around, it is to compare prices. You're looking for the best deal by seeing what everyone has to offer, not just by going toe. One place if you shop around it does mean that you either go to different websites that sell stuff or you go to actual different stores. I'm not ready to buy this TV just yet. I think if I shop around, I might be able to find a cheaper price to show off. To show off is to act extra special. Ah, for people who are watching. He was basically to be boastful. I bet you he's going to try to show off to this girl by boasting about how well he plays sports to sleep over to sleep over somewhere. That is to spend the night at a place that's not your home or not. The typical place where you sleep often we sleep over at friends houses. I'm too drunk to drive home tonight. Can I sleep over at your place to sort something out? To sort something out is to fix something, solve something to resolve a problem. We have to sort this out. The numbers don't match. What did we do wrong to sort someone out now to sort someone out is to make things clear, to bring someone down to earth or toe basically discipline a person in a way that makes them realize their bad behavior. I'm sick of his cocky attitude. One of us needs to sort him out. So he starts acting normal and behaves well again. To stick to something or to stick with something to stick to. Doing something is to continue doing something, um, to not stop, especially one particular thing. You're a really good singer. You should stick with it, keep doing it, and you'll only get better to switch off something to switch on. Something to switch something on or off. Talking about a divisive and Elektronik device. Or maybe something just something that uses electricity is to start it, to connect it, to turn it on or to turn it off before you go switch off Your lights were trying to save electricity. That's the SS review. Do the exercises and message me if you've got any questions. 23. T: Let's look at the tees. Here we go to take after someone. If you take after someone, it is to resemble them to look like someone. Now here's the thing. If you take after someone, it can be regarding their personality or appearance. So you might take after your mother because you are both quiet and not very outgoing. But you might take after your father in a physical way. You have the same face off facial features, the same kind of hair, the same color. More like that. You really take after your father. In terms of your appearance, you have his eyebrows, but in terms of your personality, you really take after your mother your very calm and loving to take something apart when you take something apart that is to disassemble something to purposefully separate it into pieces. The lawn more stopped working, so I'm going to take it apart to see if something happened to the motor. To take something back. To take something back is to return something. If you take something back, you go with it the entire way. While if you send something back, someone will deliver it for you. So, for example, someone delivers a package to you in the mail, it is sent to you or the people who work for a delivery service will take it to you. But if you take it back, that means you do the entire sending process, not someone else. The new TV isn't working. I'm going to take it back to the store to take back and insult. If you take back something that you said it is to apologize to, basically say sorry and that you did not mean you did not intend to say what you did say she called my dad an alcoholic, so I threatened to kick his butt if he didn't take it back to take off. If you're flying to take off means for the plane toe, enter the air. That's take off to take off. What time does your flight take off? We should maybe leave 30 minutes earlier now for something to take off like a business or a product needs to be doing very well, selling well to be very successful. The new restaurant is really taking off. It's doing very well, and for a person to take off means to leave quickly, um, in a hurry. I'm sorry. I can't talk more, but I have to take off. Only have five minutes to take off work when talking about work to take off means to have an absence, To take a day off or to not go to work that day. No, I'm sorry. I can't baby sit your kids that day because I can't take off work. My boss would be angry because I've been absent quite a bit lately To take something off when talking about close to take something off means to remove a piece of close to undress . This sweater is too hot. I'm going to take it off to take out the garbage. If you take out the garbage of very common household chore, that's to bring your garbage outside so that it can be collected by the garbageman. You forgot to take out the garbage again. You're grounded to take out a pet. If you take out a pet, probably a dog, it is to bring them outside so that they can do their business. To do your business means to poop and pee. Thanks for watching our dog. Just make sure to take her out. At least once every two hours to take someone out for something to take someone out for something usually food or a movie or some type of treat is to treat someone meaning to do something for someone for free. Usually you will treat your friends or family to something or someone that you're attracted too often. Times when we do this to indicate that we will pay, we'll say my treat. It's my treat, meaning, Don't worry, I'll pay for it. I wanted to reward him for doing such a good job around the house, so I invited him to a movie. At first he didn't want to go because he thought he would have to pay. But then I told him it was my treat. And then finally, after that, I took him out to the movie to tear something up. If you tear something up, it is to rip into many pieces most often of paper, But it can also be fabric or close. I told you to let the dog out at least once every two hours. Now she's peed everywhere in the house, and she tore up the furniture to think back on something to think back on something is to remember something to reflect, to recollect when I think back on my childhood life just really seems so easy when you're younger to think something over. If you need to think something over, you need to consider it. You need to think of the pros and the cons, the good and the bad. The company offered him a higher paying job, but he really had to think it over because he knew that he would lose some of his family time to throw something away. If you throw something away, you dispose of it. You put it in the garbage, you make it trash. If you're not going to eat all of that, don't leave it on the table. Throw it away to turn something down. To turn something down is to refuse something to decline, to not accept. Maybe you turned down an invitation and opportunity. Someone's request. Whatever. I'm going to have to turn down your proposal. I just don't think it's in my best interest to turn down the volume. When you turn down the volume, it is to decrease the volume to make something quieter. Hey, it's two in the morning. Turn it down. I can't sleep to turn something on to turn something off. To turn something on or off is to switch something on or off to stop or start the energy flow so that something can work or so that it stops working. Turn off your computer. I think it's going to overheat. The fans not working to turn something up. To turn something up is to increase the volume to make something louder. Turn it up. I can't hear it. To turn up for someone to turn up means to do a really good job to perform well as well as expected or even better, to do a good job. You played phenomenal today. You really turned up. You're the only reason that we won the match for something to turn up. If something turns up, it means that it appears unexpectedly. You didn't think that you would find it, but voila! There it is. I can't find my charger. I hope it turns up because otherwise my phone's going to die to try something on. If you're trying clothes on its to sample the close to see how they look on you and if they fit the rooms were you try clothes on can be called a fitting room or a changing room. I recommend that you get three pairs off pants of different sizes and try them all on to see which is the best size to try something out. Now. To try something out is to test something, to see how it works. If it works well and if you will like it, I just bought this new lens for my camera. Let's try it out to see if it works well. I know this TV is expensive, but you can try it out for free for 30 days and just one you here. So let's take a look to use something up. If you use something up, you finish the supply. You use all of it. There's nothing left you used up all of the butter. I needed that to cook dinner. 24. W: this is it. The W's some very good phrase. Oh, verbs. I mean, all of them are very helpful. So let's take a look. Get started to wake up toe. Wake up is to stop sleeping to get out of bed to get up. I stayed up way too late last night. It's gonna be really hard for me to wake up this morning. Additionally, toe wake up means pay attention. Notice what's happening. Be more alert. Hey, wake up. Pay attention or you're going to forget how this works to warm food up toe. Warm food up means to make it warm again or hot by putting it either on the stove, in the oven or in the microwave. I'm gonna eat some of that pizza. Do you want me to warm you up a slice now to warm up a space means to make a room or a house or a building warm to make it a better temperature so that people don't feel so cold . The house is freezing. Why isn't it warming up to warm up here? Toe warm up when we're talking about sports or exercising means to prepare your body before you actually run or work out or play that sport here. Warming up means to stretch to move around a little bit so that your body is more comfortable and loosened so that you don't hurt yourself before a game we call these warmups. We could also say to do warm ups before you go for a run, you should warm up a little bits. You don't hurt any of your muscles. I've got some really good warmups that you can do to warm up to someone. Toe warm up to someone is other to start feeling more comfortable when you are with someone , or to start liking them a little bit more and in both cases to start enjoying each other's company more. This takes time because at first, when you first start a relationship, either just a friendship or if you are seeing someone you don't know each other and there might be some discomfort, so eventually you warm up to that person and it's much more comfortable. We didn't really talk at first, but then we really warmed up to each other, and now we're great friends to wear off. If something wears off, that is to fade away to not be as noticeable anymore. Toe have less effect. House feeling really drunk before. But that feeling is, is wearing off. I feel pretty sober to work for something. Toe work means to function. To operate. My computer is pretty damn old, but it still works to work out. If you want to work out, that is to exercise, like running or going to the gym, to exercise, to stay in shape, to stay fit, toe, look good and to feel good to be healthy and be active. I prefer toe workout in the mornings because then I take a cold shower, eat breakfast, and it's a great way to start my day for something to work out. If something works out, that means that it is a success. A popular question that people ask is, How did it work out, or how did something work out? It means, how did it go or how was it? Did it work out? Basically, was it a success or not? You had a job interview today, didn't you? How did it work out? It wouldn't really. Well, I think I got the job to work out a problem. If you are working something out. It means you're trying to fix something, solve it, find a solution. People are complaining that the game isn't working because of this glitch. Now we just have to figure out how to work it out and solve the problem to work something out, toe work. Something out here, meaning a disagreement or dispute means to find a solution or a compromise to find a solution that everyone can agree to. I know you two are angry at each other, but I think we can work this out. Whatever you are arguing about, I think we can work it out and find a solution that both of you will be happy with. All right, that was the W's. So do the review. Do the exercises and let me know if you got any other questions. 25. Business Phrasal Verbs: it's time we are focusing on five new phrase over its related toe work business and just kind of from more formal situations. The 1st 1 we're starting with here is to carry out something. Does anyone know what this means? If you do good job to carry something out first, What means like to start doing a task to to do something, basically to do something it can mean to start doing it like I'm going to carry out the task this afternoon and hopefully I will finish before noon. But it can also mean to accomplish, to accomplish or finish. So I carried out the task to conduct something. I love that science exactly. And when you conduct something, it also has the meaning of possibly conducting it now, so you're in the process of doing it. But it can also mean that you finished it. So if you if you want the meaning of finishing, we usually use the past tense. I conducted the meeting. It means I organized and completed the meeting or I carried out the project. The project is done and finish it was in the past, but if I say I am conducting it or implementing. Nice. It means happening now. Defined means to make something clear. Yep, Exactly. Exactly Hollow. All right, so that is to carry out if you want. Give me some examples, and I'll see how you're using it. But especially with a task we usually carry out tasks just means to do it. And that's it is great vocab you know it has nothing. You're kind of actually carrying it, but to carry out talking about work, me to accomplish a task. If you're getting food, carry out means going to a restaurant in bringing the food back home. Teoh eat. So food means, um, bring bring the food back home from a restaurant to eat. Okay, Now take over. This can have a few different meetings in business, and it depends on the context. So, first of all, I'm gonna start here to take over a business means to become basically the owner or CEO or two to get a majority of the stock to be a majority stockholder, basically, but another one related to the tasks means to become the leader of an assignment or project so as to take over something so it becomes your responsibility. It becomes your response ability. We're carrying out investigation regarding Mrs Smith's death excellence. I and I love it. Let's take over so you can take over something, meaning to become like the owner, the CEO or the executive overtaking. Overtaking is different. Overtaking is more about like the path. It's more about the process of taking over toe overtake also means, like to pass someone like that that's overtaking like in a race so a little bit different there. But good example. So the take over I'm taking over this project you are not doing a good job was one example . Ah, but a takeover is the specific term that we use. Ah, when we when we describe this process of acquiring or getting a business technology is taking over books. Excellent example. So there. It's also about kind of authority and leadership in a more abstract way. A great example now to take on this has a few uses to Let's start here to take on if a business is taking on employees, it means to hire new employees. So I can say, Are you taking on new employees at the moment that are like, no sorry we're not taking on anyone. We have no resource is are. We have no need for new employees. But second, to take on something like a task to take on a task means basically to carry out a task to to do something, to assume responsibility for a project or assignment. So maybe you have a meeting with your boss and they say, Who wants to take on this task? This very big project? I will take it up. I will do it. I will assume responsibility. But remember, it also means to start hiring. If a company or a manager is taking on employees, they are hiring employees. Kind of. The opposite of that is to layoff. To lay off employees basically is basically to fire. But not because you did anything wrong based usually just because that the company is in financial financial difficulty. So if a company is starting toe layoff, it's basically basically firing employees. But you didn't do anything bad, and the government, for example, in the U. S. Will give you more help because of that. So if a company is laying off employees, they're probably losing money in debt. I need help in some way. Let's see if you guys can give me some examples about that. All right. And then another really good one over. Last one. To knuckle down to knuckle down is basically the link for this document center is in the description. If you want to check it out, to knuckle down means to really trying to think of another expression we can use here to to gear up. No, I think I think this is a Richard Gere up to toe work toe work as as hard as possible to stop being like lazy or basically toe to give 110 110 or even 100 wounds 100% of your your effort, all of your effort to give all of your effort. So if you knuckle down, you give all of your effort. You are completely focused, giving all of your effort, determination, focus and energy. You're giving everything everything that you can give. So it's like we don't have much time. We have to knuckle down. We could say to knuckle down on something to knuckle down on something swift a knuckle down on this project. Quit lollygagging loud Tlali gig is like to be lazy Tlali. I think this is I don't spell this word a lot. Toe lollygag la Lee Gang to be lazy toe work hard. Exactly. But not just hard. More than hard to knuckle down because it's like you're basically enough. Like in a fight. You're getting scratches. It's very much more intense than just working hard. Hey, Colin. Nice to see you s Oh, that's to knuckle down to put in all of your effort. Um, we only have 10 more minutes. We got a knuckle down and finish this project. Let's do a quick review. To carry out means can mean two things to just be doing a project or to have finished. That's usually with the past tense to take over for talking about a company means to get, like the majority stock, uh, ownership. Or it could just mean like to become the owner, the CEO or toe become the leader in a project or something like that. To take on can mean hiring new employees. It can also mean to assume responsibility for a project toe layoff is basically the opposite to basically fire employees, but not because of anything they did just because you don't need them anymore. Maybe they're being replaced by technology or you. You're losing money in the company and to knuckle down toe work 100% as hard as possible. All right? And to take off, Let's see, to take off is different in the communion business. To take off can mean that a company is doing very well, especially towards the beginning. This new company, this new startup is really taking off on, Of course, for a plane. A plane takes off, too. 26. Finance Phrasal Verbs: our main topic. We have five frizzle verbs cut back, pay off profit rip off, save up a really good phrase of herbs. So let's start ups. So let's start here to cut back on something to cut back on. Something means to spend to spend less on something so usually cut back. You know, for example, maybe I'm going to cut back on coffee, so it means I'm going going toe. Either drink less or spend less. It depends on the context, because it could mean to spend less or basically also to consume less something. So I am going to drink less coffee. I could also say I'm going to cut back on coffee. But if I'm talking about purchasing, maybe I'm buying too much new clothes and I can say I'm going to cut back on close. It means I'm going to buy fewer clothes because I'm just spending way too much money. Uh, let's go to our next one now, which is to pay off. This means to to end your debt, to not be in debt for something or basically what we can say is to purchase something. So if I say I'm going to pay off my loans. It means I'm going to pay for them completely, either piece by piece or it can also mean just to finish pain or to pay all of it at once. So, for example, let's say I am buying a house. I can say I will pay it off means I will pay for it completely in 30 years. So it's a 30 year loan. So I'm saying I will pay it off in 30 years so we can mean it that way. That means in installments, piece by piece, month by month. But I can also say, Let's say it's 30 years later. I can say I finally paid off My mortgage mortgage is basically your house look like that finally paid it off before I can say Probably not for a house unless you're super rich and I'm going to pay it off all at once. Maybe some some people do, but that is to pay something off. You can just mean that purchase it, but more often to purchase or to pay for something piece by piece by piece installments. We call those, um, payment in Stalin's alright profit to profit from something just means to make money from something t get money from something. So if I profit from my business, it means I'm getting money earning money. We can also say to earn money, earn money from something that proposition from is important because you can also just say I profit a lot if there's no object. But usually we profit from something, so I profit from my business. It can also be more abstract. I profit from my studies. It means I get something back so it can also be more abstract. That way to rip off someone or to rip someone off means like to scam someone we can also set A scam means to either to charge someone too much money for something, or to basically to deceive, to deceive someone, eso to deceive someone, or to trick someone in a financial way in a financial way. So if someone rips me off, maybe they told me this is a really authentic jersey off, messy. It's Messi's real jersey that he wore last week and I go, Oh wow, and it's only $10,000 but then it's not really his, and I was ripped off so it could be like a scam to trick me completely. Or sometimes you just pay too much money. So let's say maybe I get a new computer. But they tricked me. They ripped me off by charging me too much so it could just be being paying too much money or buying an item or being tricked into purchasing something that is not riel, not authentic or deceptive Somewhat. All right, we got one more here, and it's to save up for something to save up for something means just to save your money, to basically grow brilliant financial reserve. So you save up for a large purchase. If you want to buy a house, you should probably save up a little bit to get a down payment. That that first initial payment that a lot of like banks or creditors want to prove that you are financially kind of reliable or dependent, dependable. So you save up for big purchases. Or maybe I want to go on vacation. So I probably have to save up a little bit of money after grow the amount of money I have in my bank or in my savings account, and that is to save up for something or to save up, to do something. I'm saving up to go on vacation. I'm saving up for a vacation. Quick review. We had to cut back on Something needs to spend less on something. I'm cutting back or cut back last week on on my sleep that's not healthy. To pay off. Something means either to pay for something completely, but usually in installments. Month toe, Monza. However, you're paying for something. For example, I paid off my student loans. That's very popular situation in the U. S. To profit from something means to get money from something if I profited from, uh, learning Arabic, because now I have an extra skill so it could be more abstract or or specifically related to money. To rip someone offer to rip off someone means to either basically to trick someone in a financial by other, having them paid too much money or to completely lie and deceive them. To save up for something just means toe. Build the amount of money to increase the amount of money you have to purchase that thing. For example, I'm saving up for a new car, but we can also say to save up to do something. I'm saving up to buy a new car. All right, so if you have any questions, send me a message about that. 27. Hobby Phrasal Verbs: right. So our topic right now I've got some super good phrase over abs for about four, maybe actually, quite a bit more because they have different meanings related to hobbies and interests. So let's start here. Number one. To join in on something to join in on. Something just means to participate, to participate, to get involved in something, to take part in something. So if I want to volunteer, there's an organization. I can say I want to take part or I want to join in on. Ah, the activity usually is to join in on an activity and to take part in something. So I take part in the organization and I join in on their activities. So it's really good. What types of activities, or what types of organizations or things do you take part in or do you join in on? Then we have ticket into something. Whenever you get a new hobby, you get into it to get into something just means for that thing to get your interest. So, for example, learning English you're getting into learning English. It means you're starting to get interested, or you kind of already do it as a hobby, especially for fun. When we talk about these things were really saying that we do them for fun. Eso that is, to get into something. So, for example, right now it's the N B A. The National Basketball Association. That's happening now, So I'm getting into basketball, watching it on participating. I'm getting involved mostly by watching I don't play basketball because I suck. But if you want to try writing an example with to get into something or what are you getting into? What? What did you use to get into? But not anymore? Give me some examples about that. What about to keep I keep up on something to keep up on? Something can have three important uses. Number one, it means toe update yourself. So, for example, the news, if I keep up on the news, means I stay updated and informed. I know what is happening when we are talking about the news. If just to say, to keep doing something, to keep doing something means to continue doing this activity. So if I I keep drinking coffee in the morning, I'm just continuing to do it. If I keep doing these lives, I do these lives continuously, it continues. So remember to keep doings. We need the I and G form there, and I think we had one more. Oh, to keep up on someone to keep up on. Someone just needs to pay attention to someone to see how they are. You can also say to check in on some of this is more like if you're taking care of someone baby sitting, maybe an older like a senior older individual. So I need to keep up on my grandma to see how she's doing, or I need to keep up on the kids. I need to pay attention to the kids and see how they're doing in school. But the one here for talking about hobbies and interests is to keep doing something means just to keep doing that thing. So, for example, I started flying drones, and I'm keeping up on it. Eso I'm continuing to do it so to keep up on something when talking about an activity means to keep doing it, to remain focused and interested and then kind of the opposite. Now to finish, we have to pack it in to pack it in as an expression by itself. We don't change this. We just say we're packing it. It we don't We never replace it with the actual now. And it's always just packet and enemies to quit. It could mean to quit permanently forever. Or it could mean just temporary. Like today. I'm packing it in today and maybe I'll finish more tomorrow, or I'm packing it in like I'm completely done. I hate this. Maybe I like to a ruler escape. But then, like, get injured or something bad happened since I unpacking it. I'm done forever or again. They could just be bad weather today. So I say, I'm packing it in today. You guys, it's raining. Let's just finish. All right. So let's see. What did we have here? If you want to practice, give me some examples with join in on something, give you some practice with, get into something, keep up on something or someone. And finally to pack it it on for packet, and we can also just say give up and call it quits. All right, so that was it. Let me know if you have any questions. 28. Hospital and Medicine : What bomb? Are you ready? Let's go. So if you're planning to see a doctor, there's some great first overs that are really handy. And if something's handy, it just means useful. Let's start with some handy phrase of herbs. You needs to meet with a doctor, understand your doctor and learn about your condition. Number one duck Doc is an informal term for Dr, except you're not going to use it with your doctor or any doctor that you see Doc is way too in formal is most popular from the Bugs Bunny cartoons and his trademark greeting. What's up, Doc? What's up, Doc? If you are a patient calling your doctor on the phone or visiting in person se doctor and then there last night, by the way, often when visiting a doctor, we say, were at the doctors office to describe where we are. Number two. Ah, check up a medical Ah, physical. About once a year, it's recommended that you visit your doctor in order to check your overall health. This examination is most often called a checkup, a medical or a physical. All the same, we say to get a physical to get a medical and to get a check up. If you're planning to travel or study abroad, get a new job or play a sport on a team, you probably need a physical. We call it a checkup because to check up on someone or something is a phrase over meaning to investigate and see how the person or thing is functioning. Make an appointment. We make appointments at restaurants, we make reservations. But when trying to schedule time with a professional that offers a service, we make appointments with them. So if you have a primary care provider, your your main doctor, you probably prefer to make appointments with that person as well and slightly, slightly more formal, we can say to schedule an appointment, so don't forget to schedule your annual checkup and leave a message. Sometimes when trying to make an appointment with your doctor, Ah, therapist or whoever they are not available. If you reach their voicemail, you might hear a pre recorded message saying something like, Please leave a message after the tone, right? Or if they have an assistant, the assistant will ask you if you would like to leave a message again, just meaning do you want to say why you called So the other person has a reason to return your call and run a test. When you are not feeling well, your doctor might suggest that they run a test or run. Some tests most often meaning taking a blood sample for analysis, but can also be urine sample urine being your P or a stool sample stool being your poop. If you're at the doctor and they say they're going to run some tests, it's probably related to taking some blood to analyze. Unless if you are having some serious digestive problems, in which case the stool sample might be necessary in the U. S. Ah, urine sample is mostly for a drug test. This is a test many companies require to see if you use any illegal drugs. The company's where you're from were quite the require you to take a drug test before being hired. It's interesting 29. Hospital and medicine 2: today is Fraser Verbs, I think. Yeah, it's always frizzle verbs here. But today is Fraser verbs for describing how you feel, especially for when parts of your body are not feeling, you know, good. So let's go coming down with something. If you come down with an illness, it means you get sick. It could be any type of illness that people usually usually recover from. So you come down with a cold. You come down with a migraine, come down with a sore throat or with the flu. If it's more severe, we can say you came down with a bad something like a bad cough. Ah, bad fever. So the main idea is that you get an illness that you're likely to recover from to croak, but we don't always recover from illnesses. If if an illness kills you, you crook. This is very This is a super informal expression. Actually, it's not even a phrase over, but this one is to pass away to croak is super informal, and you shouldn't and I guess, and shouldn't be used if you want to be respectful. Instead, the most polite expression is to pass away. It means to die to no longer be living, but this one is polite and respectful. The celebrity croaked kind of route. The celebrity passed away. Nice and respectful took pull through. But when an illness doesn't kill us, we pull through. To pull through means to recover, to get better and feel better. So if you come down within or if you so if you come down with a really bad case of the flu , but then eventually start feeling better, don't worry, because it looks like you're going toe pull through. There is no object here is just to pull through, and it means the exact same thing as recover or get better or feel better. We can also say to get over an illness for the same meaning stuffed up. Have you ever had a cool before? When you get a court, the most common thing you suffer from Ari fever and a congestion congestion is when lots of wet stuff comes out of your nose and use knees often like chew like that. When that wet mucus is coming out of your nose, we can say you have a runny nose. We can also say you have a stuffy nose when you are not able to breathe easily from your nose because of a cooled or allergies. And finally, we can also say that you are stuffed up. If you're stuffed up, you can't get air through your nose because you're cooled or allergies are clogging it up. Making everything gets stuck in there swell up. If you physically hurt a part of your body, like if you fall or get hit by something, there is a good chance that that part of your body will swell up. We can also say to get swollen. Ah, swelling most often occurs when a part of your body is injured due to physical impact, and it enlarges. Falling on your arm will cause your arm to swell. Getting punched in the face will cause your face to swell. And if you experience a lot of swelling like a box or repeatedly getting hit during a match , we can say you swell up like a balloon, basically saying that Ah, part of your body is getting so big that it resembles a balloon 30. Jokes/Humor Phrasal Verbs Part 1: So what we discussing that we are talking about? Fraser verbs related to humor, jokes and a lot of other things, but mostly humor. So let's start with a joke. A joke is something funny that you tell someone you say to someone with the attempt, with the purpose of making that person laugh or for it to be funny. So a joke, we say, to tell someone a joke. So tell me a joke. It means say something funny to me. So tell a joke. We can also say to crack, to crack a joke so you can think of crackers in like, a week or like crack, because we also say to crack a smile. But that's later. I think we will get there in a little bit, but to crack up or crackers smoked meats to smile the left. You have a job. We have different types of jokes elsewhere. We have to start with dirty jokes. A dirty joke is a joke that's related really anything related to sex. So a dirty joke is a joke that's related to sex? Maybe e. I think that's really it. So male and female anatomy and those things that's those are dirty jokes. If you tell a lot of dirty jokes, someone might say that you are dirty or you have a dirty sense of humor. You have a dirty mind. It means you're always talking about. We're thinking about things related to sex, and then we have tasteless. If your joke is tasteless or offensive, it means that makes people upset. So if I tell a joke and it makes you angry, it might be tasteless is not in good taste. What that could also mean that is vulgar in appropriate or not appropriate for all ages. That's if something is tasteless or offense. So it is either vulgar and inappropriate or it's harmful or might hurt someone's feelings. That's more of a tasteless or offensive joke. A stupid joke, just me says, kind of funny, but not not really a serious one. We might also call us like potty humor or like poop and fart jokes or a stupid joke. It can be funny. It might be Voelker, not necessarily, but a stupid or offensive joke is just kind of like it's not a smart joke, is not something you really have to think about. It's like fart, and then people laugh. Um, but let's go to the next one now blacked out, I guess the type of humor that you have. First, we have black humor, also called dark humor. If you have dark humor or if you like telling jokes that are very dark or black, it means you talk about topics that are very serious, but in a very dark way, like death, deaths, destruction, really, that I think death is probably the biggest topic for for dark humor. So it is very dark, obviously on, and then we have the but the but off the joke is in the but that you sit on. If you are the butt of a joke, it means you are the target. You are the object, and people will laugh at you or at that thing. So we also say toe laugh with someone. It means we're all kind of laughing together, and we also also laugh at someone. If you're laughing at someone, they are the target of the joke. They are the person that you are trying to make fun of, so to make fun of someone. So it's not fun to be the but of a joke, but it happens sometimes, right? So hopefully you don't take it too seriously. But that is to be the butt off the joke. It just means kind of to be the target, the object of the joke that people will laugh at. And then we have a comic. Who are the people who tell jokes? Remember to tell a joke or to crack a joke. A Zaha career as a profession. These are comics, so a comic is just a person who tells jokes. That's how they make the month. Now, if you do this in front of a live audience with a microphone and telling jokes, that's a stand up comedian or a stand up comic on, and what that type of performance is called. Stand up. So you might say this weekend, we're going toe watch some stand up so a stand up comic stand up comedian and just stand up toe Listen. Or you could say, to listen to stand up or tow watch stand up, and you can also call that a stand up act now to be a stand up person. This is a different phrase over to be a stand up person are actually is a standout. Actually think both a stand up citizen. It means like good, good, honorable, respectable. It was very different. But a stand up comedian stands up in front of the crowd, telling jokes, All right, And then we have What else do we have? Your comedy? So this is all comedy. If you watch a movie that focuses on jokes and being funny, it's a comedy. It's not serious. It's funny. So what happens when someone tells a good, funny joke you left right? If you if you laugh a lot, we can say you burst out in laughter. You burst out laughing cause you burst. You kind of explode. With all of this laughter, you burst out. Uh, we also can say that you crack up crackup is not. So If you burst out, you are really laughing. If you laugh, laugh can be anywhere. It's very general. I left. It was a good joke, and I left. We could say toe laugh, laugh a lot, laugh out loud or or burst out. Then we just have to crack up. Or you have to crack up. Just me. Still laugh again. Pretty much exactly same. I was a funny joke, and I really cracked up, so to crack up needs toe left to crack someone up means to make someone laugh. So I told her a joke and she cracked up. I cracked her up with a funny joke, or I cracked up because of her funny joke, so it could mean I crack up. I laugh to make someone crack up to make someone else laugh on and then licious end with our Fraser verbs with two types. Actually, it's 11 more type of humor. So we talked about black humor or dark humans. Very serious, dark. We can't sustain macabre so very seriously, usually related to death or illness and that kind of stuff. Now we have deadpan or dry humor. Dry humor is humor that you sometimes might not even notice because the person telling the joke, the comic or the comedian doesn't change the facial expression so they look serious. It doesn't appear that they're joking, and we often associate this humor more with a British style of humor. The Brits, the Brits or the British are more renowned, more famous for their deadpan, dry humor, while Americans like more obvious kind of ostentatious or just just obviously invisibly comic stuff. So Brits are known more for the dry humor there. Deadpan humor. It's more popular now in the U S. To on the U. S. Has known more for their I could just say there's stupid jokes. There's kind of the dumb jokes that were talking about before. Just in general is very big generalization, maybe more of a stereotype. So we have dry humor, kind of you can't even tell. Sometimes it's happening. Supposed to look kind of serious. Um, and then we have to crack up. Just means toe laugh or toe even stronger. Exacto burst out laughing, and then we have a comic. They tell the jokes. If you do it in front of people, you're a stand up comedian and a comedian just does. This in general. Might be an actor, too, who does comedic films or works in comedy. Then we have to be the butt of a joke. It needs to be a target of the joke, usually not good to be the butt off a job because people are laughing at you, not with you, and we have dark humor also called black humor. It's very serious, usually related to death and illness. And we have a joke, something funny. You say, Remember, funny makes you laugh. If something is fun, it's just enjoyable. You like doing it so sports are fun, but they're not funny. And then we can tell a joke and to crack a joke. And we tell jokes to people. So I don't I don't know any jokes, but I can tell a joke to you. I can crack a joke to you and hopefully you crack look all right. 31. Jokes/Humor Phrasal Verbs Part 2: All right, so let's get started with Fraser verbs, humor and jokes part to number one delivery. The delivery of a joke is how you tell it. If you have good delivery, that means you tell a joke really well, and it makes people laugh. It's similar. It's a similar skill to telling a story skillfully. If you have bad delivery, that means you don't tell the joke well. And it's not funny, largely because you don't know how to time your joke correctly or make it interesting. So sometimes a joke is funny when someone says it because they have good delivery but not funny when another person says it because they have bad delivery. When a joke is not funny, we say it falls flat. When a joke falls flat, it means that no one laughs. It basically leaves the comics mouth and then hits the floor and dies. The opposite is for a joke to get a lot of laughs or go over well, sometimes it doesn't matter. Who tells you the joke. You just don't understand it. If this happens, you can say I don't get it or what's the joke? This is the most this is most common when a joke requires you to know something about a topic or have some specific knowledge. When you don't understand a joke. For that reason, it goes over your head, basically, meaning that you're not smart enough to understand it. For example, if you listen to a political comedian, but you don't know anything about politics, their jokes will mostly go over your head. You won't understand them. For some people, politics is not a laughing matter When something is not a laughing matter, it's not supposed to be a joke or is considered too serious for comedy. This expression is always negative. For example, religion Ah, sexual assault and death are not a laughing matter for many people and finally, to be pulling someone's leg. If someone is pulling your leg, it means they are not being serious and are just trying to have some fun by being sarcastic . Ah, usually, you know when someone's pulling your leg because they're smiling or laughing. But sometimes they might have a deadpan expression that doesn't make it obvious, and a similar expression is to do something in jest, meaning to do it in a joking or humorous way. a much more popular phrase over is kidding around. To do something in jest or to kid around means to not be serious. Doing something for fun, joking around, joshing around or goofing around a very popular expression is to say, I'm kidding. We say it when someone doesn't realize we are joking. I wasn't being serious. I was just kidding around with you. Okay, try making your own examples and a message Me questions if you have, um 32. Phone Call Phrasals: So we have some phrase of herbs now related to making phone calls, and these are really good. So first we have to call someone up. To call someone up just means to call someone. So if I say I'll call you up in 10 minutes, I'm going to call you in 10 minutes. We just add the up to make it much mawr conversational. It's more casual is much more common in spoken English. I'll call you up later. I'll call your tomorrow, call me up all right, says they call someone up just to call someone, and then we have to call someone back or just call back. So if I'm busy, I can't. I'm doing a live video right now. Can you call me back or just call back later? Okay, so call back is more of a command. It's like call back later. But if you want to be maybe a little bit more polite, it's like call me back or call me back, please. But it's just to return a phone call to call again later, Um, and then we have to hang up, and that just means to end the phone call. So all right. We'll talk to you later, all right. I'll see you later. Have a great time, and then you hang up. It's a strange phrase over a break is hang up. Doesn't really seem to make sense with how we're using it, but it's it's super common. You need to know this one toe hang up. We could say to hang up the phone and to hang up on someone so I hang up on you. We could do it. You know, sometimes if I'm or let's have a feeling upset. So I'm like, Oh, I don't want to talk to you. We're going to hang up on you if you make me any angrier and then they just and the phone call so we can hang up on someone and we just hang up the phone to hang up the phone just means that and McCall to hang up on someone sounds it could sound the same, but also often times people hang up on other people because they're upset or just because they really need to end the phone call that we have to pick up. And that's the opposite toe. Pick up the phone just needs to start a call to answer the phone. So pick up, pick up. It means answer your phone. It's a really good command. Pick up, pick up. So pick up the phone, answer the phone and and basically start the focal. So pick up and hang up. So the opposite there, and to put someone on hold just means to basically pause your conversation, usually because there's another phone call. So it's like, Oh, can I put you on hold for just a couple minutes? Someone's calling. Hello? Who is this? Yeah, I'm on the other line where they say the other line, it just means you're talking to someone else. So to put someone on hold, you probably get this a lot. If you call customer service anywhere, it just means toe. Have your conversation paused while they continue talking to someone else or trying to find something else through researcher or something like that. Like if you're If I'm calling customer service and I have a complaint, they say, Okay, can we please put you on hold while I look for this? Information would be like that. And then Okay, thanks for thanks for being put on hold and then we continue the conversation so that to call someone up just to call someone to call someone back is to return a phone call to hang up on someone means toe end the call or just to hang up the phone, they get just end. Bacall toe Pick up means that answer. The phone is a good command to If you hear someone's right, don't they pick up, pick up your phone's ringing and then finally, to put someone on hold just means to pause the conversation and then continue it after a little bit, all right? 33. Shopping Phrasal Verbs: Okay, we got some shopping frizzle verbs to get to. So let's do that toe by something up. To buy something up means or to buy, buy up something means to buy a lot of something or all of something. So that is to buy something up all Oh, are most of something. So he bought up all of the candy means he bought almost all of the candy, maybe for for violent times or Easter here for Easter. We buy a ton of candy and put it in a basket. So he bought up all of the candidate means it means two things possibly means he bought all of it, or most of it, or just a huge quantity of it. So that is to buy up something or to buy something up. And that's also related to buy in bulk buying book. But to buy in bulk is more on purpose, and there are places where you can specifically do this. So he bought up. He buys candy in bulk, means he always does it. He buys it in a huge quantity. That's bulk our next one here to take something back or to take back something to return something usually to get a refund to get your money back. So if you take something back to the store or take back something to the store, you don't like it. Maybe you spent too much money and you regret it. But it's too to take something return something that you bought. Maybe I don't like the shirt anymore. Take it off, bring it back to the store and hopefully to get some money or in store credit, they get money back or in store credit to maybe buy something new. Okay, now, to stand out for a person to stand out, it means basically to to be recognised, excel to do a good job. But for a thing, especially like a commodity, something you can purchase, it is to be the excellent or superior product. So let's say this cell phone this phone I'm using really stepped out because, as on the screen, ah shoots in very high resolution video. So it stands out. I really like it. Oh, maybe the shirt, the quality of the shirt really stands out because it uses nice cotton Egyptian cotton, who knows? But that is to stand out for a product to sell out means for all of the product to be sold , no more available. So maybe this phone. When I bought, I got the last one because it sold out. Every unit of this device was sold to someone. There's no more left. You have to wait until they get more in stock for something to be in. Stock means Ah, product. A product is available, but if it is sold out, there are no more better luck next time, all right, and then we have to wear something in or toe where in something. This is more for clothes. This is for clothes, especially shoes. It means to to wear a piece of clothing long enough for it to start to feel more comfortable. Because if you buy new shoes, they're kind of stiff. You have to wear them in so that they're more flexible. If you more comfortable and are easier toe where that is toe or maybe even a shirt, when you get it doesn't feel right. You have to wear it a couple times, put it in the wash, and it feels better, right? Let's review some of this vocab, so we had to buy something up or to buy up something it means can mean two things. To buy all of something or most of something. To take back something or to take something back is to return something, hopefully, to get money back, or at least some in store credit. You don't take things back generally, if you can't get anything in return to stand out for a person, it means to excel, to be like superior at something. But for a product, pretty much the same means to be the better product to have better, you know, gadgets or futures and stuff like that. To sell out means to sell all of an idol. There are no more available. The opposite is to be available or in stock and toe. Wear something in or toe wear in something means for close toe. Wear them a few times so that they feel more comfortable, especially shoes like I don't wear in glasses because they never change. Maybe a sure maybe pans, but especially shoes, so that they start to feel more comfortable. If you got questions about that, send me a message. But that was today's top main topic 34. Technology & Computers | 1: it's time to discuss some technology and freeze overs. So today we're going to look at the Fraser verbs words, starting the device, creating accounts and profiles and turning things off. You go boot up when you want to use your computer, you have to first turn it on, meaning to start it. We turn on all devices that have a battery or require electricity to function properly. You turn on your TV before you can use it, you turn on the oven. You turn on the coffee maker. For a lot of larger tech devices, though they take longer to turn on. Take longer to start because there is a period of waiting while the device loads before the operating software becomes stable. For these larger tech devices that take a moment to turn on, we have a specific phrase over, like start up, power up and boot up. Boot up your phone because we need to use it. I can't power up my computer because the battery's dead. Dead here means no energy remaining. Start up the PlayStation so we can play. We don't use startup power up or boot up with things that turn on immediately like a TV instead, with devices that turn on immediately just used turn on, turn on the TV so we can watch them turn on the lights. It's dark in here. Turn on the stove to fry some eggs. Sign up if you're on your phone or computer. Almost every website wants you to create an account or profile when on a computer accounting profile basically mean the same thing. Instead of saying the expression, create an account. We can also just say sign up, sign up for an account or set up an account. This is when you enter some personal information like your name, email age, possibly where you live so that you can access more of a website. You Onley sign up once because you don't create multiple accounts for the same site. Instead, after you sign up and return to a website, you log in or sign log into an account or sign it to an account. You log in and sign into an account you already signed up for. You created the account previously and signing in simply accessing you're already made profile. If you want to message me on Instagram, you need to sign up first already signed up for an account, but I can't remember my password so I can't sign in. Try logging it again and they will email you your password to protect your online privacy. It's recommended that you sign out or log out of your profile. Are your digital accounts when you're done using, especially if you are using the Internet on a device that isn't yours? If you're done checking your bank information, we should a log out off course. I would never stay logged in when using someone else's computer turn off toe, log out or log off means to close access to a specific profile. However, the device you're using is still turned on when you want to turn it off. Use any of these turn off shutdown and power down we can use. Turn off with any device in the world that uses electricity or a battery toe function. Whoever shut down and power down are only used with those devices that take longer to turn on and off the same devices that we talked about before. Turn off the lights. You're wasting electricity. Turn off the TV if you're not watching it, turn off the oven or you'll start a fire power down your computer. You don't waste the battery. Shut down your phone while swimming. It's not waterproof. Great work. Now my assignment for you is to give some examples of devices that turn off or turn on immediately. You can only use, turn on and turn off, and some devices or some examples of devices that turn on more slowly so can use boot up and startup shutdown and power down. 35. Travel Phrasal Verbs: is Callen. We're going to do some phrase Oh, verbs related to travel today. Some great frizzle verbs to help you travel around the world and just make it Ah, little bit easier with these very cool expressions. So let's start first. With to check in, we can use check in in two ways. First and probably most popular at a hotel you check in at a hotel means you you go to the front desk. Also called the reception. You say hi. This is my name. And then they give you your keys, your room number and anything else that you need. So that's when you first to go to the hotel. When you are ready to leave, most often you have to check out. So you go back to the front desk, the reception you say. OK, here are my keys. Let me pay my bill and then you leave. Now, we also use check in when you go to the airport. When you go to the airport, you look for the check in desk. Ah, so you go and you check in your bags. You get your your ticket and everything else, so we use check in at both hotels. And when you go to the airport when you get to the airport, the first thing you want to do is check in. You go to the counter. Also the the check in counter. But for check out like you don't check out after you land on a flight, right? We just use it for hotel. See, Check in and out at a hotel and you check in when you get to the airport. Now to drop off. This one is really good. Let's say you're at your hotel and you need to get to the airport. You don't have a vehicle, There's no train or transportation. Do you get a taxi? So there is some transportation. There's a taxi. The taxi will take you from the hotel to the airport. What they're doing is dropping you off. To drop someone off is to take someone from one location to another location. But they don't stay with you and then they leave. So you they leave you there. So here you are with the taxi driver. The taking you right, the taking you to the airport. You get out due to do. Thank you. But by and then they leave. So if you drop someone or something off, it means you take that thing or that person toe a place, and then you leave it there and you leave. So when someone drops you off, they don't continue on the rest of the journey with you. You go separate ways after that. So in the morning, if you have a child, maybe you take them to school, you drop them off, they get out. Bye. See you after school. You know, a drop them off, and then maybe you go to work or you go back home. So that's to drop off. It means you take something somewhere, and then you leave it there. And you you keep moving. Um, so it is different than going somewhere with something to drop someone off. Or something just means that you eventually will go different ways. Different directions. Now let's talk about some transportation. So I first mentioned a taxi with cars or any vehicle like a truck or no is different with the bus with with cars with a car or a truck, we get in and the command would be get in. So we get in a vehicle. Get in a taxi, but for a bus for a plane. Ah, for a train. So Ah, plane. Parts of train we use on. Get on the bus. Get on the plane or I have to call you back. I'm getting on the plane right now or can I call you back? I have very bad reception. Very bad call quality on the train or roof. It's really packed in this bus. So only with a car do we use in. I'm sorry. I'll call you back. I'm getting in the taxi right now. Okay, so we just talked a lot about transportation. Now let's say you're at the place. Maybe you're here in Barcelona. Ah, and you're looking around. It is beautiful. The architecture toe look around means to examine everything around you Toe walk. It can also mean like walking around. But it's just to explore. So if you're looking around a city, it's exploring. It is sight. Seeing sightseeing just means going to the popular attractions. The popular places in that area. You're seeing the sights. So what did you do on your trip in Barcelona? You know, I just looked around at the beautiful architecture so I just walked around, etcetera. It's just toe visibly look and enjoy the things all around you now talking, going back to the airport or anywhere where you start a journey. To see someone off means to go with someone to either the airport or where something is happening and to wait with them until it's time for them to leave. So you might also be dropping them off. It could be when you drop someone off. It's just talking about taking someone to a specific location. So that's all that that cares about. But to see someone off means that you go with that person to the place where they're going to depart, to leave from and wait with them until they actually finally leave. So, for example, my parents took me to the airport, or they they dropped me off at the airport and saw me off until my plane arrived or my friend was nice enough to see me off before I flew to Canda Canada. So to see someone off used to go with them to their departure toe weight with them until they actually leave. It's really nice to see someone off. It's also nice to drop someone off and finally to take off if we just talk about going anywhere to take off just means to leave. Like, I'm sorry I can't talk with you very long because I have to take off our I'm going to be late for work but also talking about a plane, a plane, When it leaves the ground, that is take off. So it's a noun also, but also a great phrase over the plane takes off, it shoots into the sky. But if I'm talking about maybe I see you at the grocery store and you're like, Oh, do you want to talk for a little bit? And I'm like, No, I have to take off. I have to leave. So take off can mean leave or Kamina plane flying into the sky So they're both good. If you have any questions about these, send me a message. If you have any others that you want me to throw into the next video, send me a message to All right,