3 Minute Italian - Course 5 | Language lessons for beginners | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

3 Minute Italian - Course 5 | Language lessons for beginners

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

3 Minute Italian - Course 5 | Language lessons for beginners

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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106 Lessons (6h 12m)
    • 1. 3 Minute Italian Course 5 introduction

      1:16
    • 2. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36a

      3:45
    • 3. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36b

      3:20
    • 4. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36c

      3:40
    • 5. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36d

      3:53
    • 6. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36e

      3:21
    • 7. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36f

      3:21
    • 8. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36g

      4:17
    • 9. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36h

      3:28
    • 10. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36i

      3:47
    • 11. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36j

      2:58
    • 12. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36k

      3:32
    • 13. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36l

      3:16
    • 14. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37a

      3:15
    • 15. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37b

      3:56
    • 16. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37c

      2:17
    • 17. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37d

      3:17
    • 18. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37e

      4:09
    • 19. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37f

      3:29
    • 20. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37g

      3:34
    • 21. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37h

      3:22
    • 22. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38a

      3:24
    • 23. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38b

      3:37
    • 24. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38c

      3:19
    • 25. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38d

      3:48
    • 26. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38e

      3:24
    • 27. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38f

      2:57
    • 28. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38g

      4:03
    • 29. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38h

      3:04
    • 30. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39a

      3:08
    • 31. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39b

      2:48
    • 32. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39c

      3:22
    • 33. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39d

      3:39
    • 34. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39e

      2:54
    • 35. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39f

      3:09
    • 36. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39g

      4:11
    • 37. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39h

      3:37
    • 38. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39i

      3:33
    • 39. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39j

      3:48
    • 40. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39k

      3:22
    • 41. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40a

      3:01
    • 42. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40b

      3:10
    • 43. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40c

      3:23
    • 44. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40d

      3:16
    • 45. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40e

      3:29
    • 46. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40f

      3:12
    • 47. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40g

      3:30
    • 48. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40h

      3:32
    • 49. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40i

      3:33
    • 50. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41a

      2:44
    • 51. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41b

      3:38
    • 52. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41c

      3:21
    • 53. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41d

      3:10
    • 54. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41e

      3:14
    • 55. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41f

      3:04
    • 56. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41g

      3:49
    • 57. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41h

      4:09
    • 58. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41i

      4:30
    • 59. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41j

      4:01
    • 60. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41k

      3:49
    • 61. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42a

      2:58
    • 62. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42b

      3:12
    • 63. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42c

      3:28
    • 64. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42d

      3:08
    • 65. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42e

      2:39
    • 66. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42f

      3:46
    • 67. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42g

      3:03
    • 68. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42h

      3:17
    • 69. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42i

      3:55
    • 70. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42j

      4:06
    • 71. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42k

      3:38
    • 72. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42l

      4:07
    • 73. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42m

      3:36
    • 74. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43a

      4:01
    • 75. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43b

      4:38
    • 76. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43c

      3:25
    • 77. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43d

      3:13
    • 78. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43e

      3:19
    • 79. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43f

      3:16
    • 80. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43g

      3:29
    • 81. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43h

      3:12
    • 82. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43i

      4:53
    • 83. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43j

      3:11
    • 84. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43k

      5:22
    • 85. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43l

      4:41
    • 86. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43m

      3:38
    • 87. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43n

      3:57
    • 88. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43o

      3:39
    • 89. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43

      3:15
    • 90. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43

      3:15
    • 91. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43

      3:14
    • 92. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43

      3:16
    • 93. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43

      4:23
    • 94. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44a

      5:00
    • 95. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44b

      3:30
    • 96. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44c

      3:10
    • 97. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44d

      3:12
    • 98. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44e

      2:16
    • 99. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44f

      3:35
    • 100. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44g

      3:45
    • 101. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44h

      3:58
    • 102. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44i

      3:24
    • 103. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44

      3:21
    • 104. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44

      3:14
    • 105. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44

      3:26
    • 106. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44

      4:21
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to “3 Minute Italian” The aim of this course is to make Italian accessible to anybody regardless of age, educational background or "aptitude" for learning.

My method for teaching Italian is simple but effective. It works for anybody, no matter what your requirements. I have been teaching foreign languages for over ten years and I’ve taught a wide range of students of all ages and backgrounds, including students with learning difficulties, so I know my method is accessible to absolutely anyone, with no exception.

With this course, it’s almost as if you have your very own language tutor at your beck and call. Take it with you wherever you are and have a quick listen to one of the lessons whenever you find yourself with three minutes to spare. You will be amazed at how much your language skills will develop after just a few minutes a day of study. You will start to learn the Italian language in a simple, logical and fun way.

You will learn a variety of words that you will learn to put together to form sentences that will be useful in any visit to Italy, and you'll learn how to put the words together to form sentences, saying exactly what you want.

There is ample opportunity throughout the course to practise what you've learnt, and structured repetition ensures you'll never forget what you've learnt.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

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Transcripts

1. 3 Minute Italian Course 5 introduction: Tao Event, Belluzzo Hello and Welcome to three minute Italian course. Five. This course contains lessons 36 to 44 off three minutes. Italian. The method used in this course is the same as the method used in courses. 123 and four on the language we're going to learn follows on from all the vocabulary that we've been learning in those courses. Remember that with three minutes Italian, the key is to keep your learning to small chunks. That way, your maintain enthusiasm. You will find that learning Italian becomes part of your daily routine, and you'll also find that you're learn things much more quickly than if you were to spend hours and hours learning every day. This course contains lots and lots of new vocabulary that will be useful to you when traveling around Italy on would also start to look a bit more at the structure of Italian by learning the past tense. Just like with all the other courses, there is plenty of opportunity for you to practice everything that we learn, and you'll have plenty of opportunities to speak Italian at the end of each course with the let's practice sections. So I hope you enjoy Let's begin grassy 2. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36a: let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian? My hurts me family My hurt me Fan Normal. I've broken my Miss Onorato So medicine They're lame. Alatini, I've caught appraisal A cold, the flu Lee influencer I feel missin. I don't feel non mise en tow. I feel ill. Me sent O'Meally. I am meal. So no, Moloto, let's pick a verb. As the first word for this lesson on the web is comprised Comprise it means to buy. Comply, Ari. So how would you say in Italian? What do you want to buy? Because our volley comprise. Or you can use the word lay and say cause of well away completely. And don't forget that there are three ways to say what in Italian. So you can say Gaza Okay. Okay. Gaza, How would you say what can I buy Causa Because apart completely we'll keep also come primary Okay, cause up I would like to buy that for a comparative cuello for a comparative Cuello I'm going to buy that tomorrow Stop comparing Quello Domani stopper Comparably Quello Domani What you going to buy for Maria Causa stopper? Comparative for Maria who causes the labour Comparative and Maria. And don't forget that instead of thing Just causa you could say gay or get Gaza. How would you say in Italian? I'm going to buy a bottle of wine for Paulo and Maria Stopper comprising Una Volatility Vino Pierpaolo a Maria! Stop complaining you Nabatiye D'Avino Pierpaolo in Maria. 3. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36b: How would you say in Italian? I would like to buy dinner for you tonight. Very calm. Very Latina relates. Very calm. Very Latina. I'm going to buy a coat stopper Comprise in Kappa Tau stopper Cambra NCA Porto. So comprise means to buy Well, if you put a little law on the end of complexity then we get comprado So before adding the word law, we have to take the e off the end. So comparably means to buy comprado means to buy it Comprado So how would you say in Italian? I would like to buy it for a complete vory. Comprado Oh, how would you say, Do you want to buy it? Volley comprado volley comprado Or don't forget that whenever you have you in the sentence you can put the optional lay in so you could say instead of volley Comprado voil a lake comprado How would you say I'm going to buy it for Paolo tomorrow? Stop a compatible pair Paolo Money stop compatible A pair Paolo the money Can I buy it for you? Bosso Comprado Pele. When you going to buy it? Cuando stopper Comprado Cuando stopper comprado Or you could say Cuando star lay bare Comprado Where you going to buy it? No, we stopped at a compatible No, we stop compatible. Or of course, you could also say Norway style a better combat on the word Laken go anywhere so you could say lay Norby, Supercomm, Pavlo or door relay stopper Comprado So the lay is optional on you can put it anywhere in the sentence. So door we stopped at a comparable Ole. 4. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36c: Here's your next word in Italian Kado Godal. It means expensive Godal. So how would you say it's very expensive? Immortal Caro? A. Multi Okaroh. So in this lesson, so far we've had calm Prodi meaning to buy comprar low, which means to buy it. And now Caro means expensive. So how would you say in Italian? I would like to buy it, but it's too expensive for a comprar low mah troppo Caro for a comprar low marks a drop. Okaroh. It's too expensive for me. A true polka repair me a true Pokhara pair may. It isn't expensive. No Nick Aro, no neck Caro. I would like to hire a car, but it's very expensive. Verena Lady Arianna Maquina Emoto Caro Verena Luxury una maquina My a multi Okaroh. I would like to eat here, but it's too expensive for me For a man. Jack, we ma Tre Pocar over me. Vory Mandaric, we ma tre Pokhara per me. I think it's too expensive. There may a trip. Okaroh. There may a triple Caro. Here's a useful word in Italian. Quite Gaza. Quiet, Khoza. It means something quiet cause So how would you say in Italian? I have something for you. No cual goes up early. No cual cause up early. Can you buy something for Paolo? For comparative qualcosa Pierpaolo for compatible causa Pierpaolo 5. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36d: How would you say in Italian? I would like to buy something here. Very calm. Practical cause a qui vory compare equal. Kozak, We I would like to buy something here for Maria. But everything is too expensive. Very calm. Practical cause A quick per Maria Marta Toto Troppo Caro. Very calm. Very qualcosa Quicker. Maria Makoto Troppo Caro, Do you have something for me? Qualcosa for me? Acquired Cooper May Are you going to buy something for Marco? Stepper compatible called a paramedical stepper. Comprar equal causa para Marco, Can you buy something for me? Pork Um practical cause A for me for comparative qualcosa For me his a useful thing to buy if you're ever on holiday When a car Selena una Carroll Polina it means a postcard when a car Selena So how would you say, Where can I buy a postcard? The Apostle Temporary Jakarta Lena No people so completely on a cart. Alina, do you have any postcards? And don't forget that when you want to say any or some Italian, you just use the word d plus the word for the and they joined together. Andi Caribou Lena is a feminine noun in Italian it ends in an A. So to make it plural we have to do is change the A on the end to an e. So how would you say, Do you have any postcards? A daily Cartolini. Uh, then let Cartolini. So capitoline it means postcards. Onda Leg Cartolini would be the postcards. So to say, Any postcards important d in front of lay and it becomes deadly. Then lay Cartolini. How would you say the postcards here are very beautiful. Like Cartolini Qui Sana Malta mainly like Cartolini qui Sana multi bailey. 6. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36e: How would you say in Italian? How much is a postcard? Quanta Costa on a cart. Alina Quanta Costa una carta Lena. I would like a postcard from room for a Jakarta. Lena, The aroma for a Jakarta. Llena de Roma! I'm going to buy a postcard. Stop comparing Jakarta. Lena, stop their comparative Jakarta. Lena, are you going to buy a postcard from Milan for me stopper? Compare e una carta Lena di Milano Pair May stopper Compare e una Cartolini di Milano per may. The postcard is from Maria like art Alina a di Maria like art Alina a di Maria I'm not going to buy a postcard. Non stop comparing on a cart, Alina Non stop comparing on a Catalina. Now you'll need these If you want to post your character Lena, they Franka boldly they Franco boldly. It means some stumps or any stamps They frank of only So how would you ask? Do you have any stumps on day, Frank? Um only the Franco. Boldly. I would like to buy four stamps, please. So the phrase day frank globally means some stumps or any stamps. But you can change the word. They Any number? Very calm. Very quiet. Pro Franco Bull Leaper. February Very calm prairie. Quite pro. Franco Bull leaper. February 7. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36f: so the phrase they Frankel boldly means some stamps or any stumps, which means that it's a masculine, plural word. So vest amps would be e frank a bully. So how would you ask, Where are the stumps? No, it's all know if Frank, um, only does a summary Franco bully. I'm going to buy some stumps for my postcard stopper. Compra they frank a bully. Parallel Jakarta! Lena, stop comparing the Franco boldly parallel Jakarta Lena, How much is it for three stumps Quanta Costa Pear Tree Franco Boldly Quanta Costa Poultry. Frank A bully. The stamps are here. If Franco Bully de Franco Boldly Sadequee, where can I buy some stumps? And the apostle completely They, Frank come only no, they also comparatively Franco bully. I would like three stumps for a tray. Franco boldly for a tray. Frank. A bully. Now this next word is identical in Italian, under English, in souvenir in souvenir, and it means a souvenir in souvenir. So how would you say in Italian? Where can I buy a souvenir? Does he also comparing on seven year Novy postal completely one souvenir. I would like to buy a souvenir for Maria. Very calm Prairie home Souvenir per Maria for a comparison on souvenir Per Maria 8. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36g: How would you say in Italian? I'm going to buy a souvenir from Bergamo stopper. Comprise one souvenir. DeBerry Gamma stopper. Comprise one souvenir D Better grammar. The souvenirs here are very expensive on the plural. Off souvenirs in Italian is the same as the singular. So souvenir can mean souvenir or souvenirs. And it's a masculine noun on if it's in the plural, you use the word e for the is to veneer. Qui Sana Malta. Qari is to when you're qui Sana Malta. Qari, How much is a souvenir? Quanta Costa in souvenir Quanta Costa into one year where the souvenirs and all of its own no is to one year the Arizona If you've been here, are you going to buy a souvenir for me? Stop comparing Souvenir for me, stepper. Come. Pretty souvenir. Repair me. Do you have any souvenirs? They souvenir. They serve in a year now. This last phrase is somebody you might like to buy a souvenir for. Mia Madre. Mia Madre. It means my mom Mia Madre. And you might notice that in this phrase, the word for my is simply mia on not Lamia, that we usually use Well, when you're speaking about family members. The words for my army. Oh, and media rather than Emil and Lamia so you can take the words eel and laugh off. So how would you say I would like to buy a souvenir for my mom? Very calm. Prairie Souvenir Premium artery. Very calm. Bribery in souvenir for me, A matter Where is my mom? No Vania Mallory. No, Vania Mallory. Now I've added a vocabulary expansion section at the end of this course with a list off family members in Italian. Just be aware that normally the words for my are even Medio Lamia mea and let Mia. However, when you're talking about family members, you don't need to use the deal la e or lay at the start. So if it's a masculine family member, the word for my will be meal. If it's a feminine family member, the word from my will be mia. If it's more than one family member, the masculine word for my is me A On the feminine word is Mia. So just meal Mia, Me A and Mia are the words for my in front of family members 9. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36h: How would you say in Italian? My mom is here tomorrow. Mia Madre Queen Omani Mia Madre Acquittal! Mani, I have ordered a pizza for my mom or did not own a pizza. Premium Andre Award in auto on a pizza Premium Madre I have something for my mom but she isn't here. Oh, Qualcosa Premier Madre Ma Non equity Okay, because apparently a moderate manana Quick on did in this sentence you could put the word lay in front of a to mean she isn't here because the A could actually mean she isn't here. He isn't here or it isn't here. So you could be misconstrued as saying I have something for my mom, but it isn't here. So it's probably clear to say, Oh qualcosa premium artery march lay non equity to make sure that you definitely mean she isn't Here Lay non equi. How would you say my mom is in Italy? Mia madre and genitalia. Mia Madre in Antalya. I'm going to have dinner with my mom tonight. Stopper Brenda A Latina Call me a maverick! Stop there! Brenda Latina Kamiyama! Theresa! Sarah! My mom is here. Mia Madre Equity Miyama They quit my mom isn't here. Mia Madre, Monica Mia Madre Known equity. So in this lesson, we've had comparably meaning to buy comprar low, which means to buy it. God, oh means expensive. Qualcosa means something. Una Carta Lena means a postcard. They Franco boldly means some stumps or any stamps. Own souvenir means a souvenir, and Mia Madre means my mom. 10. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36i: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. And for some of these translations you might need to check what the words are for the family members in the vocabulary expansion sheet at the end of this course. So how would you say I would like to buy something for my wife? For a comparative qualcosa for me, Amalia. Very compact qualcosa for me. Amalia, I have something for my daughter. Oh, Qualcosa Jeremy Ophelia. Oh, call cause upper me Ophelia. I'm going to buy something for my dad stopper. Comparable qualcosa per mio Padre stopper Comm practical cause a pair mio. Padre, Do you have any stumps? Are they Franco? Morally? Uh, they Frank Only How much is a postcard? Quanta Costa Luna Cart Alina Quanta Costa on a cart. Alina, I'd like to buy something here for my sister, but everything is too expensive for me. Very comprar equal cause a quick Burmese Zarela Makoto tra Pokhara for me. Very comprar equal cause a quick premier Mato toe a triple car over me. How would you ask? Can I buy some stamps? Please post So, comparably, they Franco boldly also completed a frank about little February. I have something for my mom. Oh, Qualcosa Premium Andre! Oh Qualcosa Barre! Mia Madre! Can I buy a postcard here? Also comprise Cartolini. Bosso comprise Cartolini. I'm going to buy a souvenir for my friend Stopper. Comparison. Souvenir Premier Amico, Stop! Complexity One souvenir Pere Miro Amico. 11. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36j: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these Italian sentences mean in English? Know of a parcel? Temporary like art. Alina know of a postal compatible Cartolini? Where can I buy a postcard? No, they postal completely. One souvenir Norway Postal comparisons to one year. Where can I buy a souvenir? No, cual goes a pair. Paolo Oh Qualcosa Pierpaolo, I have something for power. Cuello A troppo Caro Cuello A drop Okaroh, That is too expensive. Very comprado Pair me Nani Very complex arrow bear me a non e I would like to buy it for my grandparent's voil. A comprar equal cause a queen volley calm product will cause a qui Do you want to buy something here? Oh qualcosa Per Miyoko Gino Oh qualcosa for me Ochoa! Gino, I have something for my cousin. A true Pokhara Per may A drop Okaroh Bear May! It's too expensive for me. Very comprise. Request Talk about arose. Vory comprise! Request ocupado. Toro! So I would like to buy this red coat. There may absolutely meant a drop. Okaroh, There may a aslo demented drop. Okaroh! I think it's absolutely too expensive. 12. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36k: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I'd like the same thing as Marco for real assets. Accordingly. Marco, for a last s a Casa de Marco. Are you going to the hotel? A little better? Go a little bit ago. What do you want to eat? Causa voil? A man Jari Cause of wanted men. Jari, I've broken my toe. Misano Rato A little LPL Miss Onorato, Is the NLP any I'm going to order now? Stop their ordinary aura. Stop that or deny the order! What are you going to drink? Cause us better, baddie? Cause I stopped everybody. Are you going to do the same thing as me? Stand better Finally last because of the may stop their fiery Lassus. According to me, I've got a stomachache. You can translate this sentence in two ways. Either you can say me family lost or oh, my stomach! The 1st 1 me family lost a mako literally means my stomach is hurting me. Where is the second sentence or mildly stomach? All means I have a pain in the stomach. How would you say in Italian? I'm not tired. Nonce. Understand, Uncle. None. So honest Ankle, are you going to have lunch here? Stepper Brenda Leigh will print so qui stop it upended rail plant so qui 13. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 36l: Now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations What are these Italian sentences mean in English for comparison? Del Formaggio, Al Jazeera, Porto for comparable Formaggio Ally, A reporter Can you buy some cheese at the airport? No way Started Paolo yet? No way. Start a Paolo Guerrieri. Where was Paolo yesterday? No, we wanted Brenda A luncheon? A few charity? No, we want aprender a login, a few authority. Where do you want to have dinner later? Vado l A restaurant. They Val The weather stood on the I'm going to the restaurant Boston Mandiri Cuello Postal Mandiri Cuello Can I eat that? Cause of Waterbury cause a volley Berry What you want to drink? Stopper Kiomarie Maria Stopper Camera Maria, I'm going to call Maria Vado Milano The money. Vado I Milano Domani. I'm going to Milan tomorrow. Any friend? 80 Fred, Are you in a hurry? Me family? Lamanno me family Lamanno. I've hurt my hand. And in this sentence it's a good place to point out that manual, which means hand end in the letter O But it's a feminine noun. So there are a few exceptions to the rule that says that all words that end in an a r feminine and all words that end in an O. R. Masculine. If you look at manual, it ends in O. But it's feminine, so it's lap man. 14. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37a: let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian to buy Comprise to buy it comprado expensive cattle Something qualcosa a postcard. We're not gonna Polina some stumps or any stumps. They Franco boldly a souvenir in souvenir My mom Mia Madre. Now we've already learned the word quiet causa which we said means something. So how would you say in Italian? I would like to eat something for a man. Jari Qualcosa for a man Jari Qualcosa Are you going to buy something stopper? Comparative Qualcosa, stop comparing Qualcosa, Can I have something? Also a very qualcosa. Also a very qualcosa. So call Gaza means something. Well, let's add a little extra to the end. Qualcosa Delery, Johnny. Quite because of the letter, Johnny means something from the region Qualcosa Della Reggiani So how would you say in Italian? I would like something from the region for equal causa Della Johnny Vory qualcosa Reggiani Where can I buy something from the region? Dobie Postal Comparative Qualcosa there are enjoying me and the only person compatible cause of Bennett and Johnny. So Dana Reggiani is made up of de Onda La Ridge. Only on D means from or off on. When you join De with the feminine word for the which is le they joined forces and become Della Qualcosa then Larijani, how would you say I'm going to buy something from the region for Sofia stopper Comprise Qualcosa Dallara Joni Sophia Stopper Compare Equal causa There are a Joni Per Sophia 15. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37b: How would you say in Italian? Do you want something from the region? Volley Qualcosa their journey Volley Qualcosa del originally, Are you going to buy something from the region? Stepper comprise equal cause of that average only stopper comprise equal Gaza Del originally the Della Regina part can be taken on Put on to other things too. So by itself Delery Johnny means from the region. So how would you say I would like to try some wine from the region for a provider? Del vino Della John for a provocative del vino Della Johnny, Do you have any cheese from the region? Del Formaggio? They're already only adult. Former George Ellery. Johnny. How do you think you'll say it's from the region off Lombardi A de Larijani di Lombardia A de Larijani di Lombardia. Well, how would you say, What are you going to buy from the region? Causa stopper? Comparative data Joni Causa stopper. Calm pretty day, Larijani. And don't forget that instead of causa, you can also say Okay, so chest upper comparably or que cosa que goes a step further complexity that I join me. How would you say I would like a souvenir from the region for a souvenir there. Adjani Before Reagan souvenir there are in Germany Now. You can put any adjective on the end off Qualcosa. Well, you have to do is put the little word de first. So quite Gaza Di Present adjective means something plus an adjective. So in Italian, if you want to say something tasty, for example, you have to put a d after the word for something. Andi, before the word for tasty. So what you're literally saying is something off Tasty, Quite causa de Dovizioso. Quite causa de delicioso means something tasty. The word Dovizioso is an alternative for the word squeeze. Ito, which means delicious or quite casa de born no quite causative or no means something good literally. It means something off. Good qualcosa. This trout scenario quite cause a distraught scenario means something extraordinary. So if you want to put an adjective on the end of quote Gaza, you need to use little word de first Qualcosa di 16. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37c: We've just learned that quite causa de means something when it's followed by an adjective. So how would you say in Italian? I would like something tasty Very qualcosa Did it see also for a qualcosa did Let's see also I would like to try something different on the word for different in Italian is developers for a provider Qualcosa deliver So very bravado quite goes on the very store Where can I buy something expensive though the postal calm political causes Dicaro Davi Postal Compare equal cause of the cargo I've caught something terrible O Paraiso Qualcosa Detail rebuilding Oh praise Oakwell! Gotta detail Rebuild! I have something good for you. Oh Qualcosa di Bono Barely Oh quite Gaza Di Born apparently. Do you want something small before Lee qualcosa dp color voil Equal cause a repeat culo 17. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37d: You can probably guess what this next phrase means. Qualcosa di Italiano. Qualcosa di Italiano means something Italian. Quite Gaza. Di Italiano. So how would you say? Can I try something Italian today? Post op Robotic Qualcosa di Italiano, Org Postal Provide Qualcosa, the Italian emoji. I'm going to order something Italian. Stop it or deny t quite because at Italiano. Stop it or denarii. Qualcosa di Italiano. I would like to eat something Italian for a man. Jari Qualcosa Di Italiano for a man, Jari, Cargoes and Italiano. I ordered something Italian. Not a hamburger Or did not. A call cause. And Italiano? No, No Hamburger award in our talk because of the Italiano No. One hamburger. I would like something Italian for a Qualcosa di Italiano for a while. Gaza, the Italiano. And you might have noticed that in English the word Italian has capital I. But in Italian, it's a lower case. I How would you say? Are you going to have something? Italian stepper Pendrick, One cause of the Italiano stop their peremptory Qualcosa di Italiano. And so in this sentence were presumably talking about food. And that's why we use peremptory, which literally means to take. But remember, when you're talking about food, peremptory means toe have stopped their Brenda Qualcosa di Italiano. So in this lesson, so far we've had quite a Casa Della Reggiani, which means something from the region. Quiet, cause I d Plus an adjective means something plus an adjective. For example Qualcosa di born no means something good and Qualcosa di Italiano means something Italian. 18. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37e: It's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How do you say in Italian it's something fantastic equal causa de fantastical, equal Gaza The fantastical I'm going to eat something Italian today. I would like a pizza stop every man Jari Qualcosa di Italiano orgy for a pizza stopper. Mandaric while goes at Italiana Woogie Verona pizza. I would like to buy something from the region for my family. For a comparative qualcosa, there are a juniper mia familia, very calm, Brad equal Causa Della, Joni for Mia Familia. And so in this sentence, we say pair Mia familia. And so the word for my normally it's Lamia or a meal. But when you have family members or even the word family, you just use me or or Mia so permeate familia for my family. How would you ask? Do you want to eat something? Italian volley man Jerry Qualcosa di Italiano. Volley man, Johnny Qualcosa di Italiano. I would like to buy something good, but everything's too expensive. Very calm, practical cause. Any born no Makoto. A drop Okaroh for a comparative qualcosa di bone. No matter. Tightrope Okaroh. I ordered something Italian, not a Cory award in Attica. Call that Italiana known Carrie Award in Otto goes Italiano known Carrie, I would like to try something Italian today before Ray provide Qualcosa di Italiano Woody Very provocative Qualcosa di Italiano Wardy What? You're going to try from the region? Gaza stepper providing the Larijani because I stop providing there are a Joni for Don't forget that instead of Gaza you can say gay or que causa. How would you ask? Where can I eat something delicious? Does a possum and Gary Qualcosa this quiz Ito? No, a possum angelic will cause at its cuisine. I ate something Italian yesterday. Oman Giotto Qualcosa di Italiano Yeti Oh, my job! Qualcosa di Italiano we, Eddie. 19. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37f: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these Italian sentences mean in English? Volley Compare Equant Causa de Larijani. I've only come practical cause there are in Germany. Do you want to buy something from the region? Oh, praise Opel Corsa Detail re Billy! Oh, praise a call cause I did. They're rebuilding! I caught something terrible! Stop their ordinary Qualcosa di Italiano! Stop that ordinary! Because I'd Italiano! I'm going to order something Italian Kloza Postal Compra de Larijani goes up also comprise the that Adjani. What can I buy from the region? Stopper? Compare equal cause of the fantastical Birmingham Madre. Stop comparing Qualcosa di Fantastical Premier Madre. I'm going to buy something fantastic for my mom. Nonstop Arkham Practical cause of the malt Okaroh Non stop Eircom product quite caused the malt. Okaroh, I'm not going to buy something very expensive. Voreqe will cause a few grand Var equal. Go the Depew grand. I would like something bigger. Gaza, The pubic culo. A qualcosa di pubic Kahlo. Do you have something smaller? More sometimes in English we say. Do you have anything smaller? Novi Pazar Temporary wants to be near their Adjani. No vehicles of temporary homes to the near their Adjani. Where can I buy a souvenir from the region? Stopper? Campari. On souvenir. There are a Joni Stop Berekum party on Souvenir de Large. Only I again to buy a souvenir from the region. 20. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37g: what we'll do now. Awesome Recap Translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I'm going to the beach at three o'clock, Vado Al. Espionage Valuable Espana. I've hurt my foot. Me family let you be a me family. Which car can you hire? Quality marking upon Allah. Dari quality, marking upon knowledge. Ari, I would like to make a reservation very far. E una pregnant at sea, only very fiery. When a predator Etzioni, are you going to pay the bill? Stop by guardian stopper Piggery. Yukon Toe. Where are you? No, they No way. Or in this sentence, Because the phrase dove a can mean. Where is it? Where is she? Where is he or where are you? You can add the word lay to make it clear that you're definitely talking about you know, Billy. No, really. How would you ask? What do you want to do at Maria's house? Cause of what he farted. Amariya Gaza Volley! Farid Amariyah. I'm not going to the beach jump. Too tired. Non valuable espionage. Sona Troppo Stanko, Non valuable espionage. So no triple Stanko. I'm not going to Paulo's house. I'm too busy. Non bottled, Paolo So not rapport in Penneteau. Non volatile Paolo. So no troponin. Penneteau I've hurt my leg. Me family La Gamba me family La Gamba. 21. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 37h: Now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? Stop their ordinary El vino. Stop that ordinary Il vino. Are you going to order the wine A k or of Willimon? Dari Gay order. Volume, injury. What time do you want to eat? Oh, uncaf it there like we own cafe peril. A quick. I have a coffee for you here. Non sano, quid amani Non. So no quid Omani. I'm not here tomorrow. Voil a merry last day cycles and he may voil a berry lasted because it may. Do you want to drink the same thing as me? Lapetina Etzioni In normally Smith LeBron had see only a in normal. Dismissed. The reservation is under the name of Smith Paolo Manila Paolo Nana. Now, literally, this sentence means Paolo isn't there because love means there. But you already often hear Italians say Melilla to mean he isn't here. And so that means there. But when you're talking about someone being absent, then you can say non illah to mean he or she isn't here. So Paulo Manila camion Paolo isn't there or Paulo isn't here. If you're talking about him being absent or did not appear Power Award in October Paolo, I've ordered for power Omondi Stomach Oh! Oh my dis Dhammika! I've got stomach ache. Postal Mandiri Cuello, Barstow Mandaric Well, can I at 22. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38a: let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian something quite cold? Something from the region Qualcosa Day Larijani Something plus an adjective quite cause I d person adjective something Italian Qualcosa di Italiano. Now this is a very useful phrase that you'll hear quite a lot in Italy. Check J. It means there is check. So how would you say there is a postcard here? Che una Catalina Queen Che una Catalina Queen There is a good restaurant here. Check on one restore antiquity J 11 restaurant qui So there were one which means good shortens to warn when you place it in front off a masculine noun j one restaurant take we How would you say there is a supermarket there? Check Consumer Cartola J in Super Market Ola, there is something very beautiful here. Check Qualcosa di Malta Beloki Check Well, because of the multi obey Look, we and so in English we say something very beautiful And so the adjective is beautiful But even there we say Very beautiful. All of that has to come after the word di Quale, Causa de Montebello. How would you say I'm not going to eat here at the hotel tonight? There is a restaurant straight ahead where the food is delicious. Non stopper Mandaric Well Albert Costa, Sierra J Restaurant in Reto Nova. You table exquisite nonstop ERM Anjar equal. Albert Costa chair Coun restaurant. Pedrito. Know the table s quiz Ito, There is a restaurant of the hotel J une restaurant Albergo Jae Hoon Restaurant Albergo. 23. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38b: We've just seen that the word check means there is. Well, here's the plural version. Chissano Chief Stone means there are cheese on. So how would you say there are two postcards here? Chissano do a Cartolini queen Just don't know, do a Cartolini qui So Cartolini is the plural off Catalina. So don't forget that when a noun ends in letter A to make it plural, you change the A to an e. Capitoline. How would you say there are many restaurants in rooms? Chissano multi restaurant the aroma. She saw no multi restore auntie aroma. And so because Restaurant E is a masculine, plural noun, then we have to use the word multi for many, which is the masculine plural version off Malta Chissano Multi Grisanti aroma. How would you say there are three supermarkets in the city? Chissano rest America in L. A Cheetah. Chissano trace tumor Gatti Nella Cheetah. So nella means in the it's a combination off the word in meaning in Ondo Le, which is the feminine word for the so nella in the the masculine version is Nell N E l. So Chissano, Trey supermarche guarantee Nella Tita, there are 30 people at the restaurant. She's on a train top Arizona, a restaurant. She saw. No Trenta, Arizona at a restaurant we can use chain Andi Chissano as questions Really easily. Well, you have to do is raise your voice slightly at the end of the sentence, so J can mean there is, Or in a question it could mean Is there similarly? Chissano means there are. But in a question it means are there. So how would you say, Is there a hotel here literally? Or you have to say is there is a hotel here and you raise your voice at the end. Jay Leno Better go, queen. I'll better go. Queen, Is there a supermarket here? J one soup Mercato qui check in South America Queen. 24. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38c: How would you say in Italian? What is there? Cause that cause that or of course, instead of cause you can say OK, kitschy. Okay, cause that how would you say? Is there something for me? Check what goes up there. May check what goes up for me. Are there any stumps? Chissano, They Frank a bully she saw. No, they frank a bully in this lesson. So far, we've had chair meaning there is Chissano, which means there are If you use chair and raise your voice at the end of a sentence, it becomes Is there similarly Chissano, as a question can mean, are there. Here's your next phrase in Italian for this lesson. Vecino Vitina. It means Nia or nearby Vecino. So how would you say it's nearby? Every team? No, a va Gina, The hotel is very near Lovera Go a multi Vitti? No la albergo A multi Pacino. It isn't nearby. No naivety. No, no, never. Gino. Now you can put the word queen which means here in front of Vecino and you get this phrase quiver. Gino, quit Bettina. It means near here literally. It means here near but in English we say near here. Quick, Hagino. So how would you say? Is there a restaurant near here? J own restaurant equity, Gino J. Onn Restaurant. Take with Gino. There is a supermarket near here. Check Once took America to quiver. Gino Che in South America Talk with Latino. 25. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38d: How would you say in Italian? What is there near here? Cause that check with Pacino cross check with Pacino Or don't forget Instead of the word causa, you can say OK, you can check with Regina. We'll kick Khoza garlic with Pacino. How would you say the car park isn't near here? You park NGO Non equity No ill park NGO Non equity? No, Here's another verb to add to your collection very daily. Very very. It means to see vignery. So how would you say in Italian? Can I see the menu, please? Boston by dairy You may know better family Possibly There you may new perfumery I'm going to see it stopper May There low spoke Perryville Air low Can I see it? Postlewait Air low post over there low. Are you going to see Maria tomorrow? Stopper? Very Mariano. Money stop! Very very Maria Domani. What time you're going to see Marco? A K or a stopper? Binary Marco Act aorta stopper. Very Marco. I'm not going to see it. Non stop! Ever Very low. Non stop here by their low. Are you going to see the Coliseum in room on? The word for Coliseum is ill Colosio you call also stopper. Very ill Colosio Aroma stopper. Very ill Colosio aroma. So in this lesson, we've had check meaning there is, she saw? No. Which means there are check in a question means is there cheese on a In a question means are they vecino means near or nearby. Quick Pacino means near here. Onda very means to see. 26. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38e: It's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How do you say in Italian? What do you want to see at the town centre? Because of one very Al Centro Tita cause of one. Even very Al Centro Tita. There is a restaurant at the hotel, but it isn't very good. J Restaurant Albergo ma non in Malta Born no se Hoon restaurant Albergo my not immortal born. Is there a car Park me here. Check in Park in Jacqui Pacino Chairman. Park it. Jacqui Pacino Is there a book shop near here? Check in our library Equity. No check when I leave the area. Cappuccino? Is there a good restaurant near here? J inborn restaurant Quiver Gino, Check one born restaurant equipment. You know there is a restaurant May check one restaurant Ella J Restaurant Della. There's a postcard for you here. Check on a cart. Alina Bear Lake We j When a car Selena Bear Lake We There are too many people here today She saw no profit. Arizona qui orgy Chissano throw papers on a qui ology What are you going to see today? Cause a stop of a very old G Gaza Stop over there. Any old G? What can I see here? Goes up also with Eric. We gotta post so very quickly. 27. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38f: Now let's do some Italian to English translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? Check restaurant. A little bear ago. J Restaurant Albergo. There is a restaurant of the hotel. Non postal, very restaurant, non postal. Very l a restaurant. They I can't see the restaurant. Restaurante Molto Bettin restaurant. A multi Vitina. The restaurant is very near Che in restaurant Did Rito a restaurant? Pedrito. There's a restaurant straight on J 11 Restaurante Alla Game one Restaurante Alla There's a good restaurant there when I biblioteca quiver Gino J When I biblioteca quick Latino Is there a library near here? Stopper. Very Quello. Bomani, Stop Atterbury Quello Domani I'm going to see that tomorrow. Non postal That air low, nonplussed Over there low I can't see it. Four in a row, four in a row Can you see it goes up? Or maybe 80? Because I pulled me Very What can you see 28. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38g: what we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How would you say in Italian? I ate here yesterday and it was fantastic. Amanda, talk we e l a They start off fantastical. Oh, man. Gotta qui e ery They start off fantastical and you'll notice in this sentence the word end is Ed e d rather than just a And that's because when you have the word and followed by a which means it is or a start or meaning it was you have a little d to make it easier to say so rather than saying a startle, you say any status? Oh, man. Gotta query. If they start off fantastical, how would you say I've hurt my mouth? Me family, me family La Boca. I'm going to try some cheese stopper. Provided that for my job stopper. Providing del Formaggio. Can you order a pizza for me, please? Poor ordinary in a pizza parlor. Maid for February. Poor ordinary on a pizza parlor Maid per february? Yes, she is there Si les Ella. And actually in the sentence. The lay is optional, so you can just say see Ella, When are you going to pay the bill? Cuando stopper baccari account Cuando stopper bag A real con toe. Where was the car? No, they start Tele Makina. No, I started Lamarque, you know. Is there in this sentence we say start rather than startle Because la maquina is feminine. So dove esta la maquina So to say was in Italian you say a start ball If it's a masculine noun If it's a feminine now and you say a start No, they started. How would you say I'm not going to have dinner nonstop for Brenda Latina? Non stop A referendum Latina. I have broken my own. Misano rocked by Bratcher Miss Onorato Will Bratcher. I would like to buy it for a comprado for a comprar low. 29. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 38h: And now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. One of these Italians sentences mean in English. Stop it! A man! Johnny! Order! Stop it! A man! Johnny Order! I'm going to eat now. Lay a restaurant. Pain lay a Al restaurante. She is at the restaurant a little bit ago. Va Alamaro, are you going to the hotel? Stop their fiery last. Because aviary stop there! Fatherlessness accorded the 80. Are you going to do the same thing as yesterday? Stop their ordinary on cafe Stop! Ordinary on coffee. Are you going to order a coffee volume coffee volley on coffee. Do you want to coffee? Stop! Ordinary last esta Casa de Paolo, Stop it! Ordinary last as a cause of the Paolo. I'm going to order the same thing. This Paolo also by God, if you tardy possible Gary Pew Charity, Can I pay later? Postal Camby. Ari, Let me a print. That Cioni also can be Ari. Let me a print that Cioni. Can I change my reservation? Vado, I better damn a water, Vado. A beta gamma water. I'm going to Bigelow now. 30. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39a: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian? There is to there are t so no, is there Teoh all day? We just don't know Nia or nearby Vitina near here qui va gina to see vignery. Now we know that a means it is, but you can also use it in questions. So a can also mean. Is it in Italian? Asking questions is generally really simple. All you have to do is raise your voice at the end in a way that makes it sound like you're asking a question. For example, the sentence A born no means it is good, but if you just change the way you say it slightly one no, that means Is it good? So we have to do is raise your voice at the end. A queen means it's here at Queen. Is it here? If you speak to Italian native speakers who are learning English, you might hear them ask things in English like it's good rather than is it good? And that is because that's how they say it in Italian. So How would you ask? In Italian. Is it good? Everyone know a born? No. Is it here? A queen Equity? Is it for me? It better me. It better may. Is it good for me? A one? No. Better May a bone over me. How would you say? Is that for me, Quinn? No paper me Quello paper me so literally. That means that is for me. But because you're raising your voice at the end, it turns it into a question. Which is is that for me? And you could also translate the English question here literally word for word into Italian . And so rather than saying Quello epitome, you could say a quello pair me, which would be Is that for me? But usually in Italian you stick to the same word order as a normal sentence. So quelle no epitome means Is that for me 31. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39b: How would you say in Italian? Is that everything? Cuello en Toto Quello Che tutto Is it in Italy? In Italia, In Italia. Is it near here? Equity? No, a qui va Gino In the last lesson, we learned the phrase quit vecino which means near here. Well, here's the opposite. Long town. Oh, that quick Lantana Le qui means far from here Lantana means far duh means from and Qui is here Lantana like we. So how would you ask In Italian. Is it far from here? A long panel back. We a lantana Like we The restaurant isn't far from here. Restaurante Nana Lantana Queen. You restaurant money? Lantana, The queen. I think it's too far from here. There may a triple lantana qui there may a triple on Donald A queen. Well, how would you say that is too far from here? Cuello a triple on Donald qui cuello a triple on Donald A queen. Now if we take the back, we bit away from Lantana like we were left with the word lantana. Which means far so lantana by itself just means far. How would you ask? Is it far a long time? A long tunnel 32. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39c: How would you say in Italian, it's very far A multi on time, a multi lantana. I think it's too far. There may drop a lantana there may a triple lantana. It isn't far known a long time. No, no, Don Tano. Now here's your next word in Italian. It's an adjective interesante. Interest on it means interesting interesante. So how would you say everything is very interesting here? Toto Emoto interesante qui to go in Malta Interest Antiquity. So in this lesson, so far we've had a meaning. Is it quickly, Gino? Which means near here Lantana like we meaning far from here, Lantana by itself just means far. And then the adjective interesante means interesting. So how would you say it isn't very interesting? No name. Also interesante. No name all to interesante. Or how would you say Maria is interesting on for this one? I'll just tell you that because the adjective interesante ends in the letter E. The feminine version is the same as the masculine version. So normally, when we learn an adjective, if it ends in an oh, I say that to make it feminine we change the ode to in a But when an adjective ends in an E . The feminine and masculine versions are both the same. So Maria is interesting. Maria Interest Maria A interesante. So interesante is the masculine and feminine version off the word interesting. And to make it plural, you change the e to an eye. So if you were to say something like Maria, Andi Paolo are interesting, then you will say Maria a Paolo. So no interest anti with an eye on the end off the word interesting. 33. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39d: How would you say in Italian? I think it's very interesting bear in May. A moto interests, aren't they? Para may a moto interesante. Everything is always very interesting here. Photo A simple remote to interest antiquity Toto. A centrally moto interest Antiquity. Everybody here is very interesting. Our new knock we a moto interesante on you know qui a multi interesante. Is it interesting in Milan interest Interesante Milano, Is there anything interesting in Bergamo? Check Because of the interest in the American J Qualcosa The interest they are very and so the word for anything is the same as the word for something in Italian quality causa so called cause and the interest aren't They can mean anything interesting or something interesting so literally you could translate this as is there something interesting in Bergamo? How would you say that is interesting, Quello Interest on Cuello A interest? Paolo is interesting. Paolo Interest Paolo a interesante Paolo isn't very interesting. Paolo Money Moto interest Paolo Not anymore. Do interesante Maria is always interesting, Maria A simply interest int Maria A simple interest int 34. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39e: Here's youthful word in Italian posse Millie. But see me there, it means possible and you can use little word d with possi ble for Stevie Let d means possible to so you can use possibility by itself on say things like non a posse, Billy. Meaning it isn't possible. But the word for simulate becomes a really with forward if you put d after it now. So far, we've learned that d means from Onda off for in the phrase possibility the word D means to now you might be thinking the word, uh meant to which it does as well. But these little words are on and the are called propositions on they can mean all sorts of different things in Italian. We'll talk about them some more in a later lesson, but for now, just know that possibility d means possible to And you can put any verb after the phrase possibility. For example, a possibility deepika domani a possible deepa Garrido money means is it possible to pay tomorrow or a possibility? Demands are equi sends up on a panel that Cioni a possibility. Mandaric, we send someone a plant at Sony means is it possible to eat here without a reservation so you can place any verb after possibility D to mean possible to. So how would you ask? Is it possible to try the wine? A possibility? Deep robotic Alino A possibility? Deep robotic il vino. Or how would you say, Is it possible to see it now? A possibility. Debonair Lowe Aura A possibility. Valero aura so very means to see on. If you put law on the end of a dairy, you get very law, meaning to see it. So a possibility. Very low order. Is it possible to see it now? So the phrase Boston emulate d means possible to, and you can place any verb after it. 35. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39f: How would you say, Is it possible to hire a car here? A possibility? Indianola John A possibility. Denali. Johnny Mackinac. We It isn't possible to make a reservation. Not only perceive the lady firing on a plan that Cioni non they perceive Billy Dee firing on account. That's the only it's possible to do it tomorrow. And possibly the Farlow domani a possibility. Farlow Domani for Steve Leyton d means possible to therefore possibly bear May d must mean possible for me to, for example, If you want to say Is it possible for me to pay tomorrow? You would say in Italian a possible labour may in the back garden Omani A possible a permit The Pagar domani so possibly bear may d means possible for me to. So how would you say in Italian? Is it possible for me to try the wine? Impulsive Lipper may deprive our Il vino a possible labour made the provider Il vino. How would you ask? Is it possible for me to see it now? A posse, labour may debonair loa, A possible a permit divider, low order and obviously you haven't got to just port pair of may. You could have Fairlee meaning for you or pair lay meaning for her or pair Louis meaning for him. Or you could put any name. For example, How would you say, Is it possible for Paolo? Two Camaros, a possible eight pair. Paolo Deveney Record. Annoy a possible eight pair. Paolo Di, even Eric annoy so very nearly means to come in Italian on gone oy means with us. 36. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39g: How would you say in Italian? Is it possible for me to hire a car for three days? A perceived later made in the knowledge Arianna Makina Per train journey A perceived labour may not a Johnny when I'm back in a train journey. It isn't possible for me to do it now. No. Only possibility. Mermaid. Defar Loa No. Only possibly permit the Farlow order. It wasn't possible for me to buy it. It was too expensive. Not only startup Aceval a permit to comply are low. A start off Europe. Okaroh Monday started. Perceive later maybe comprado a startup. Drop Okaroh. Everything is possible. Photo a possibility. Toto Able Seaman, Is it possible for me to have to stand, please? A possibility for media. Very do a Franco boldly peer February a possibility. There may be a very do a Franco Belieber February. Is it possible for me to change it? A poor simulator made It can be Arlo. A possible a permitted Comey are low. Is it possible for me to go without you? A possible labour may be embarrassed since a delay a perceived labor maybe, and Dari sensor relay. So the word sense up means without, But when you have the word you after it, you have to say sense that D LEH So you can't just say sense away. You have to say sensor de les and the same goes for without me. You say sense that d may So how would you say, Is it possible for you to go without me a possibility? Berlet the and a recent study may a posse village fair lady and our sense of the me. So in this lesson, we've had a meaning. Is it quick Latino? Which means near here, Lantana like we meaning far from here, Lantana by itself just means far interesante means interesting for C villa or possible lady means possible to on bossy really bear may d means possible for me to and even put any verb on the end of this phrase. 37. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39h: it's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in Italian? Is it possible for me to eat here? A perceived labour may demand Johnny Qui a possible labour may demand Jaric we? Is it possible for you to do that tomorrow? A possibility? Pedal a different Quello Domani a Percival It barely defied equal the money Is it terrible and very many A very Millie. I think it's very interesting. Bear may a multi interest there May Emoto interest. The theater is far from here is the Astro a Lantana? The queen is the Astro a Lantana, the queen. The supermarket isn't near here. Issue mercato not equivocate. Chino is super mercato. Non equip a Chino. The post office isn't far from here. Lou Feature Post Ali Known Lantana like we blue feature postal monologue Is it beautiful? Amlo Everyone I know it's too far from here. A drop a long time back We a drop a lantana like we Is it expensive here? A Katakwi a got a queen 38. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39i: what we do now. Awesome. Reverse translations. One of these Italian sentences mean in English. It won't know. Everyone know. Is it good? If Arcangel money Lantana queen You park NGO monitor on time. Like we The car park isn't far from here. Love Parramatta, Bail out of booze equity No laughter model outta boosts Equity No, The bus stop is near here. A possible later Made the ordinary water a possible later made the ordinary water. Is it possible for me to order now a possible ADP Gharekhan Carta A possibility? Deepa Gary Cohn character Is it possible to pay by card Maria A multi interesante Maria Emoto interesante Maria is very interesting. April simulator may depend on a post developer may depend on Dante. Is it possible for me to have a tea? No. Only perceive late there. Lady Narayana Makina. No. Only possibility. Barely. Denali Giardina. Mac, you know it isn't possible for you to hire a car. It better. May it better me. Is it for me? Paolo? Non Emoto interesante paolo Non animal to interesante. Paolo isn't very interesting 39. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39j: what we're going to do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I've caught the flu. Have you got any medicine? Appraisal? Influenza on the limited teen appraisal Influencer on the limited teenage I have broken my finger. Miss Onorato Alito. Miss Onorato will veto. She isn't there. Lay non Ella lay non maaleh. I'm too tired. So Notre Post ankle. So no propose. Stanko, Where you going? To have dinner. Norway stopper Brenda Latina. No, they stop there. Brenda Latina. Are you going to have from cheese stopper? Brenda del Formaggio? Stop friend Riddle for my job. No, I'm not Mr Ferrari, I, Mr Rossi, No non solace in your Ferrari. So know Signor Rossi. No non Sano. Signor Ferrari. So know Signor Rossi, Do you want to pay by card Volley Bagaric on Carta Volley Encarta, Where can I buy some stumps? No, The postal comprise a Franco. Boldly. No, they postal comprise the Franco. Boldly him. Do I have to call key Demo Cam Ahadi Key Naval Camera 40. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 39k: Now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. What are these? Italians? And this is mean in English. Farecompare Unequal Qadri, Squeezy, farecompare Unequal cause of the squeezy. I would like to buy something delicious. Oh, when a prayer that still on the enormity Bianchi? Oh, when I put in a taxi on it in normally. Bianchi, I have a reservation under the name of Bianchi. Voreqe Umbra. Souvenir permeate CIA Voreqe umbra. Souvenir per maxilla. I would like to buy a souvenir for my auntie Me family. Me family. I've hit my shoulder. Louis. A multi Austan! Georgie Louis! A motor stand ecology! He is very tired today. Maria! A multi When Pennetta Maria Emoto in Panetta. Maria is very busy. Somebody Fred So no different. I'm in a hurry. Volume injury Qualcosa Volume Injury Qualcosa, Do you want to eat something? Stopper provided Qualcosa di Italiano stop at pro body Qualcosa di Italiano. I'm going to try something Italian. Stop it already! 90 Stop! Bad or dirty 90. I'm going to order 41. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40a: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian? Is it okay near here? Quick Muccino Far from here, Long down of that we phone a long time. Interesting interesante Possible to posse Villa de possible for me to personally bear May d Now we've already had the web cam BRT which means to change, but I just wanted to recap it as there is an interesting thing to note now in English. If you want to change something in the sense off, switching it, you tend to use the plural of the word that you're changing. For example, I would like to change hotels or I would like to change tables. I would like to change cars in Italian. You don't use the parole. You just use the singular so very Camby. Ari Albergo for a Camby arial bear ago means I would like to change hotels literally. You're just saying I would like to change hotel in English. If you want to change something in the sense off, modifying it, then you have to use a singular down and you also use the word the well. This is the same in Italian, for example. For a Camby Ari Lapetina, Etzioni means I would like to change or modify the reservation. So how would you say in Italian? I would like to change tables for a Camby. Ari Cavallo for a cumbia? Cavallo. So literally, you say I would like to change table. Or how would you say, Can I change? Hotels also can be Ari. I'll there ago also can be aerial there ago. So literally you're saying, Can I change hotel? So in English, when you want to change something in the senate off switching it, then you have to use the PLO off the thing that you're changing. So can I change hotels? So in English, you put it s on the in, generally in Italian. The thing that you're changing stays in the singular. So rather than saying, can I change hotels? You would say, Can I change? Hotel boasts Morecambe, Ari Albergo 42. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40b: How would you say in Italian? I'm going to change cars. Stopper can BRT mark you know Stop. There can be Ari makina so literally you say I'm going to change car Stop, Candiotti Makina, How would you say? Do I have to change tables? They have vocabulary, Cavallo. They ever come. Very Cavallo. So in English you use the plural of the word tables in Italian. You just use the singular tabbouleh. How would you ask? Can I change rooms? Postal Candiotti. Cometa also can be out account Maeda Or how would you ask? Are you going to change hotels? Stopper? Come BRT albergo. Stop it! Come BRT I'll better go now. This next word is always a useful want tohave if something goes wrong One problem coun problema And it means a problem Now this now is a masculine noun. So it's June problema. But you might have noticed that it ends in the letter A and sometimes this happens in Italian most of the time now. Is that ended an A r feminine whilst now is that end in an o. R. Masculine. But this rule isn't 100%. If you see words which end specifically in the letters e M. A. Like problema, then it's a masculine word in Italian. So where that ended e. M. A. Actually come from Greek And when a welcome from Greek and Italian then they make it masculine Or the words that end in E. M. A. R. Things like see steamer, which means system. So that's a masculine word as well. In Sistema means a system generally it will be words in English that end in E. M Italian. The end in e. M. A. Like poem in Italian is Poma on. It's a masculine noun moon boma. So when you see a now that ends in e. M. A, it will be a masculine known in Italian even though it ends in in a so one problem up means a problem. So how would you say I have a problem? O problema? Oh, un problema 43. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40c: How would you say in Italian? There's a problem with Marco. Check in problema con Marco Jet in problema con Marco. There is a problem with my car. Check in problema con Lamia Makina Check problem Economy A maquina. Is there a problem, Mr Bianchi? Joan problemas in your Bianchi j un problema, Senor Bianchi. Now we know that Grandi means big in Italian Onda. We know that problema means problem. However, unfortunately sometimes we can't translate things Word for word in Italian. Instead of saying Grandy, if you want to say big problem they have another word for big that they use with problema. So if you want to say a big problem in Italian, you say engrossed or problem in Grosso problem so growth so on grand they both mean big. But when you want to say a big problem then you have to say Grosso in gross the problem So how would you say in Italian? There is a big problem in Rome today. Stay in Grosso problem are Omondi say in gross o problema aroma Org It isn't a big problem . No nation Grosso problem Non a non Grosso problem. What is the problem? Qala e problema quality E problema. So problem is masculine in Italian, and that's why we say he'll problem for the problem. Now. There's also a nice little phrase to have and to memorize that contains the word problema. And that's Monte problem. Non che problem. It means no problem or literally. It means there isn't a problem, but they use it to mean no problem. Non t problema. So how would you say No? No problem? No, not a problem. A no non t problema. 44. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40d: the Nantes a bit in monte problem means there isn't and you can put it in front of any noun . So non tech means there isn't or there isn't any in Italian. You don't need to use the word for any, so you could just put a noun straight after this phrase. For example, how would you say there isn't any wine? Non TV? No non check vino? There isn't a television non tater Levi's away. Non Che Televisa worry. There is no problem. Non che problem. Non che problem. Can I change rooms? There's no shower. Also can be very camera. Non teen daughter also can be Ari camera, non chain daughter. Excuse me, There's no water schools e non che aqua schools e non che aqua. Now here's your last phrase for this lesson. Nailah Karamira, Melaka Mira And we know that camera means room. Andi Nella means in the the word Nella is actually what happens when the words in and laugh joined together. So in LA becomes Nella similarly in and he'll which is the masculine word for the become knell when you join them together. So Nella Carmela means in the room. How would you ask. Is there a television in the room? Check one Televisa or any LaCalamita Check on Televisa Ward in l. A camera. Can I eat in the room? Bossom Injury. Telecom era Postal Manjarin L. A. Camera. 45. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40e: How would you ask in Italian. Are you in the room? In the cometa? A near LaCalamita on this sentence could actually mean many things. It could mean. Are you in the room? But it could also mean. Is it in the room? Is he in the room or is she in the room so you could add the word lay l e I to this sentence to make it clear out you're talking about you lay in l A camera. How would you say Excuse me? There's no bed in the room. Schooley, Montillet Nella Karamira Schools e non Chile Telecom era. It's in the room It then Lacombe era It may look our meta It wasn't in the room known a start on the Lacombe era No only startle Nella Karamira. I'm in the room, but there is no television. So no So no nail a camera man on television. So in this lesson, we've had the verb Camby R e which means to change on. I said that in English. If you want to say that you're changing something in the sense off, switching it completely. You use the plural now, for example, to change hotels, whereas in Italian, you use the singular now instead. So change hotels in English is Camby, Ari Albergo. Then we had one problema, meaning a problem, which is a masculine noun, even though it ends in the letter A. And I said that generally words in Italian that end in E. M. A r masculine. Then in Grosso problem, when Grosso problem that means a big problem. And so Italian. Usually the word for big is grand, but occasionally they'll use Grosso. And with the word problem, you always use gross so engrossed, so problem means a big problem. Non che problema non tech problema is used to mean no problem, although literally it means there isn't a problem. Non che problem than the phrase non T by itself means there isn't or there isn't any Andi in Italian. You don't need to use the word for any, so you can put any noun after non check on. Then Melancon Merah Nella camera means in the room, and so nella is a contraction off the words in on block meaning in the nella camera 46. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40f: It's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How would you say Italian? Are you going to change tables? Stop. There can be Ari Cavallo. Stop! There can be Ari tableau. Is it possible for me to change rooms? A possibility permitted. Camby. Ari camera. A possible labour may become BRT camera. There isn't a problem, Not a problem. Non check problema. It was in the room Estoppel Nella Karamira A startle Melancon Mira Excuse me. There's no bed in the room. Schools e non check Leto Telecom era schools E Montella Toe Telecom era Is it in the room? A nella cometa in L A comedy. I would like to change hotels for a Camby Ari Albergo for a Camby. Ari Albergo, Do you have a problem? Our own problema A un problema. There's a problem. The light doesn't work. J one problem, Lieutenant Funciona j one problem Luethi non funciona. Is there a problem? Check in problem J un problema 47. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40g: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? They have a cumbia. Otavalo. They will come beyond Cavallo. Do I have to change tables? Cuando stopper Camby Ari Makina Quentin lost after combating Makina. When are you going to change? Cause Jake and problem Akala Makina J one problem. Makana Makina Is that republic with the car for a time? Br e camera For a come be our economy, I would like to change rooms Non t aqua, non che aqua. There's no water. Same problem I can barely visible in lme A camera Joan Problema Corn Televisa Nella mia Camera. There's a problem with the television in my room. Non se ela critica Non che l a. Critica. There's no electricity in a LaCalamita. It may lack on mirror. Are you in the room or of course, across? I mean, is it in the room? Is he in the room or is she in the room? Both So cumbia. LaCalamita, Montador Postal. Candiotti Camera Nantes A daughter. Can I change rooms? There's no shower. Lakota Nella mia Camera Non funciona lado. Channel me a camera. Non funciona. The shower in my room doesn't work 48. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40h: what we'll do now. Awesome Recap Translations to incorporate words and phrases that we've learned in previous lessons. How would you say in Italian? Can I buy a postcard here? Pasta con una Cartolini Cartolini, Are you going to have dinner at the hotel stopper? Brenda A Latina Albergo? Stop there! Brenda Latina Albergo. She isn't tired. Lay non is Thangka Lay non is Danka. Can I pay the bill later? Post op. A Garriock on top, You tardy forced Open! Carry your contact, You 30. I'm going to the toilet. Vado! Alben! You're Vado! Alban, You! I'm doing well. Bottled in the Vatel main the I have something for my sister. No, cual goes up permeates Orilla. No cual Gaza. Burmese Zarela, Are you going to hire a call? Stop at another job when I'm back, you know, stop! Better Mama. Daddy, Wanna Mac, You know the hotel is near here. Lara? Americo Equity. Gina Lovera. Go Equity! No, everybody was very nice here on, you know, a start on multiple simpatico qui on. You know, I started motor simpatico qui 49. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 40i: And now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English for a comprar low premium earlier for a comprado for me. Amalia, I would like to buy it for my wife. No, as a postman. Dari though that Boston Ma and Daddy, Where can I eat both support? Arlo Milano, Post support Arlo Milano. Can I bring it to Melon? Last that Cioni Ferroviaria Non equity? No. Unless that's the only federal beyond er not equity. Chino, The train station isn't near here. Non Stop her man Jari! A little bear ago. Non Stop her man! Jari! A little bear ago. I'm not going to eat at the hotel Inborn restaurant Liquidity No J Unborn restaurant. Liquidity? No! Is there a good restaurant near here? Call me Stopper bag. Ari, Call me Stopper bag. Ari, How are you going to pay? Goes a stopper. Fiery Sauceda, Gaza! Stop it! Far East US data. What are you going to do this evening? Misano wrote Oil Bratcher, Misano, Rato Bracho. I have broken my own. Stop! Better order the 90 Order! Stop that order! Denied the order. Are you going to order now? 50. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41a: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian to change? Candiotti. A problem? One problem. A big problem in Grosso problem. No problem. Non T problem. There isn't any non Che in the room. Nailah Karamira. Now we've had the word drop before, but let's add a little more to it. Drop room or e dropbox room or E. It means too much noise room or a means noise in Italian, so drop borrow more. Too much noise. How would you say then there is too much noise. Jay Drop room or Trump borrow more. There is always too much noise here. J Sempra Tropper Room or Equity Sempre it Proper More equity. It's good, but that's too much noise. A bone Ma Tre Peru More Everyone know Petroperu. Mori, do you want to go to the hotel? There is too much noise here. Voil and Dari. Alamaro, Go check. Drop a room or a queen Volume Dari. Allah There. Go check. Drop a room or a queen. Is there too much noise for you? Jay Dropper more apparently. Petroperu. Marie Perley 51. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41b: How would you say in Italian, there is too much noise in my room. Jet rapport. Omori, Nella, Mia, Mera, Jay Drop a room or so Drop Or Omari means too much noise on the word room or a means noise . However, there is a similar word that we can also use, and it's an adjective. Gruma Rosell Rumor. Roseau means noisy room. Arosa. So how would you say it's very noisy? A multi room Arosa, A Moto room? Arosa. It's always too noisy here. A separate dropper. Moro's qui a simply drop room arose. A queen. It's good, but it's noisy. A born march A room arose. Oh, a born noma. A room arose. Oh, do you want to go to the hotel? It's very noisy here. Volley and aerial. There ago, a multi room Arosa qui volume Dari albergo. A multi room arose. A queen. Is it too noisy for you? A. Drop a room arose. Overlay a drop O room arose overlay. It's too noisy in my room. A drop aroma. Roseau Nella, Mia, Cometa A troppo. Tomorrow's on the comet. This next phrase is similar in construction. To drop a room or drop, be scattered fungi drop. The scatter FRG means too many cockroaches, so scatter faggy means cockroaches in Italian and in the singular it becomes scatter fragile with an O on the end. And that means cockroach. So how would you say there are too many cockroaches in the room? She saw no tropics carafes algae in l A camera. Chissano drop disqualified Danela camera. 52. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41c: How would you say in Italian, there are too many cockroaches here. She saw no drop disc. Arafat she saw not drop disc. Arafat Jaquie It's beautiful here, but I think there are too many cockroaches and they look, we there. May Chissano drop Pescara fungi. A look we mapper May Chissano, Tropicana fungi. So in this lesson, so far we've had dropped Peru. More meaning too much noise. Rumor. Roseau, which means noisy and then drop peace caravan. Gee, meaning too many cockroaches. Now you probably noticed that we've used drop all too mean too much on then drop. Be too mean too many. Well, the word drop ball has four forms, depending on whether the now that follows is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. For example, drop bovino means too much wine. Dropbox Vino. So that's the masculine singular version. Drop piece carafes. Aji Drop peace Caravan Ji means too many cockroaches, and so that's the masculine floral version. Drop up your job. Drop up. Your job means too much rain. And so PR job means rain in Italian on its feminine and singular. So dropper is the feminine, singular version off. Too much drop. Pick our off day drop. A karate means too many currents, and so that's the feminine plural version. So drop, Oh, drop we drop and drop B. Are the four versions off this world Now? If you just want to say too much by itself without a noun that follows, then you can use the masculine singular version dropped. So, for example, it dropped. Prepare May a crop up enemy means it's too much for me. Now remember, this next word there is on me bears on a means. People. Well, it's a feminine floral word. So too many people in Italian is Drop it. There's only drop a pairs only. So how would you say there are too many people here? She saw no drop papers on equity. She saw no drop papers only Queen. 53. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41d: so drop papers only drop papers only means to many people. But there are actually a couple of ways to say people in Italian. So the first word pairs on me is just one way. The second way is Jen. They gently and so this can also mean people. Now the word pairs Oni can be used in pretty much any situation, and you comport numbers in front of Perez on me to say how many people there are. The word gently, on the other hand, means people in general, so not a specific number. Para Zanni is feminine plural. So if you want to say to many people, you say drop papers only as we've already seen Dent. They, on the other hand, is feminine, singular, So to say, too many people using gently you say drop Pagine. So drop papers only means too many people using para zona and the other way is dropped pageant. Now because gente is singular, you literally have to say there is too much people rather than there are too many people when you use this word. So what would be the two ways of saying Rome is very beautiful, but there are always too many people there Roma. A multi Bella marches on assembly drop papers. Oh, Nilla or using gently Roma, a multi Bella muchacha. Simply drop agenda. And so you can see the difference between the words that we've used with Petrosani because it's plural. We say Chissano meeting there are and you use the word drop pay for too many. But because Gente is singular, we say chair, meaning there is on dropper meaning too much so literally with gently. It means Rome is very beautiful, but there is always too much people there. How would you say, I think there are too many people there, parent. May Chissano drop papers only allow. Or there may Chitra Pagine Della. So we use cheese. So no with Drop it. There is only but we use chair with Trump pageant because Drop Magenta is classed as a singular phrase, whereas drop papers only is classed as a plural phrase. 54. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41e: How would you say in Italian, there are always too many people at this restaurant. Chissano, Sempra drop papers only a questo restaurant. Oh, just simply drop agenda Questo restaurant. How would you ask? Are there too many people here? She's so no drop papers on a queen. Oh, check drop agenda qui Now here's another useful word to add to your Italian collection. Now we've had it already, but back then, I said, it means very and the word multiple, which doesn't mean very can also mean a lot or a lot off. So how would you say there is a lot of noise, Tim all to room or e Jake Malta Room or the word mult Oh is similar to the word drop, all in the sense that it has four different forms, depending on what now follows in the singular, you have Moto and Malta, which both can mean a lot off much. And then in the plural, we have multi on multi, which can both mean a lot off many. For example, Malta Vino Malta vino means a lot of wine, so that's the masculine, singular version. Most disc Arafat G multi scarab fungi means a lot of cockroaches. So that's the masculine plural version in the feminine. We have multiple Georgia multi Pooja, which means a lot of rain. So that's the feminine singular version. And then in the feminine plural, we have more. Take our oath, multi karate, meaning a lot of carrots. So mult. Oh, multi Malta and multi. So how would you say in Italian there are lots of people here. She's so no more papers only qui o j Malta Jen, How would you say there is a lot of wine here, Tim Ulta Vino qui It's a multi vino qui. 55. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41f: How would you say in Italian? Why do you have lots of cars? Per k a multi McKinney Burke A. A multi marken e. I would like to eat here, but there are lots of cockroaches in the restaurant For a Mandaric we matches Don't know Multi Skara Vaginal restaurant for a Mandaric We Mark Chissano Multi Skara five g. Nell restaurant. There isn't a lot of cheese Nantes Emoto format you not a multi formaggio. There is always a lot of food here. Che sempre a multi chibok. We che sempre a multi between. Now here's your last word for this lesson. It's a feminine floral word that can be used with another word. So the word is causing cause a and it means things. And you can use cause A with the little word down cause a data means things too, and we can put available in the end. Now remember how a couple of lessons ago we had a possibility perceive a lady meant possible to Whenever you use possibly with a verb, you have to put d in between them. For example, non a posse villa depart era non A possibility Depart era means it isn't possible to leave . Well, a similar thing happens with cause A If you want to put a verb after, cause they then you have to use the word down. For example, she so no multi cause a fre she saw normal because it afari means there are lots of things to do. So whenever you want to say things to, then you say cause a duh plus a verb. So how would you say in Italian? I have too many things to do on troop because they Tafari or drop because it Ofari 56. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41g: How would you say in Italian, there are lots of things to eat. She's on a multi cozy Demongeot. She's so no multi cause it a man. Jari. There are lots of things to see in Italy. She saw normal because a David area genitalia she saw normal because a dividend in Italia Or how would you say There are always lots of things to do in Milan, But there are also lots of people. Chissano, Sempra, multi cause a fire matches San Juan gate mostly bears only. Or you could say, Chissano's temporary multi causing the Faria Milano match. A bank a multi Gen. I bought lots of things to eat yesterday. Oh, come Pratto multi causing Daman Jazayeri Oh, combat Almost because a dam Anjana aviary Do you have lots of things to do? I'm old because it Ofari multi cause it that fiery There aren't a lot of things to eat non t so normal because it I'm on Johnny 90 so no more because it a man John. So in this lesson, we've had drop a room or a meaning Too much noise. Rumor Also meaning noisy drop Pescara fungi meaning too many cockroaches drop. Oh, or the feminine version. Dropper mean too much drop e on drop A. The plural versions mean too many drop papers only is one way off saying too many people drop a gente is the second way of saying too many people Moto Malta multi and multi. All mean a lot off. Malta and Malta are the singular, and they can also mean much, whereas multi and multi r the plural and they can also mean many on then cause a data means things, too. And you can put any verb on the end of that, for example, cause a damn and jarring means things to eat. 57. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41h: It's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How do you say in Italian? Can I change rooms? That's too much noise in my room. Both so. Candiotti, Cometa, Chitra Peru More Both So Camby Attic, Alameda, Chitra, Peru. Morey, Nella Mia. I like it here, but there are too many cockroaches. Maybe Arctic. We marches on a tropical frg Me Pyatykh we matches on no drop Pescara fudgy. It's beautiful, but there are always too many people here. A bellow much Isono Simply throw papers only quip or a mellow much a separate drop a gente qui There's a lot of food here. Tim Otto Thibault qui tim All party broke We I think there are lots of things to do. Parent May Chissano moved because it afari there May Chissano multi cozied Afari There isn't a lot of wine here for everybody. Non team Ottavino, Keep around. You know, non che multi vino creeper on, you know, Do you have things to eat at the hotel? Because it Amanda really bear ago? Because a man Jarriel Albergo there is too much noise at the Hotel Chitra Per Mori Albergo Check drop or Omori Albergo There are too many people. Andi, I don't have a lot of food. She's so no trumpeters. Only a non normal to Tebow. Oh, drop again. A non normal to Tebow. I have a headache. There is too much noise. O'Meally Tester Chitra Peru. Maury Oh, me family test drop. So the two ways to say I have a headache in Italian are O'Meally desta or me family La Testa on the 2nd 1 Me family La Testa actually means my head is hurting. 58. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41i: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these Italian sentences mean in English? Maybe our genitalia? Jamal Trevino. A multi formaggio. A perfect Oh, better me, me Ph Italia Che Malta Vino A multiform Anjo. A perfect topper. Me, I like Italy. There's lots of wine and lots of cheese. It's perfect for me. A multi gente qui mark on, you know, a multi simpatico, a multi gente qui my own, you know, a multi simpatico. There are lots of people here, but everybody is very nice. She's so no multi scallop fired Jean Alameda Karamira. She saw no multi scatter fungi. There are lots of cockroaches in my room there May Chissano dropping McKinney aroma There May Chissano dropping back in a aroma. I think there are too many cars in room. She saw normal because it a funny it. Have a day, Leoluca. Absolute momentum. Bella. She's so no more because it Ofari it every day. A Luca a momentum. There are lots of things to do and see in Lucca. It's absolutely beautiful. She's on a multi cause it a man Jari Ma O'Meally stomach. Oh, she's so no multi cause. A doorman Jari Matti O'Meally stomach. Oh, there are lots of things to eat, but I have a stomach ache. Another way of saying a stomachache rather than saying Oh, Molly, stomach. Oh, is me family lost? Oh Mako, which really means my stomach is hurting two separate multi achy Buddha Maria Che Sempre, a multi Chiba Maria. There is always a lot of food at Maria's house. Parent may nonsense on a most because it a fiery my Montebello bear May Monte Sano motor, causing Afari Mar a Montebello. I think there aren't a lot of things to do, but it's very beautiful. On a tropical wrote a matter to a squeeze. Ito a tropical rati mark Toto exquisite toe. I have too many carrots, but everything is delicious. A bone. No match. Petroperu Maury. They won't know my Petroperu Mori. It's good, but there is too much noise 59. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41j: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I would like a bottle of wine for the table, please. For a bottle of vino Verona volatility Vino bear envelope. This restaurant is perfect Questo restaurant. A perfect questo ristorante A perfect I think the food here is always very good care. Mai thi va Quy A simply multi born there May lt ma qui a Sempra Multi born The dinner yesterday was fantastic, but the wine wasn't very good. Latina Vieri is start a fantastic my vino not a starting with the one Latina eri a start of fantastical my vino noticed automotive Oh, no. Excuse me. What time is it? Schools e Geordies. Oh, no schools e k What? It's on? No. Here it costs 100 euros per week for a car qui cost a gente euro velocity man a pair makina qui cost agenda way. Oh, alas, a team on a pair maquina The reservation is at 8 p.m. Lapetina Acciona a eleventy la prensa Etzioni a eleventy. It isn't near, but the boss isn't very expensive. No, never Tina Moloto Goofs known Emoto Caro Naivety. No Mlada boosts non Immelt Okaroh Is it good for me a born No better? May everyone know better me? Is it possible for me to take the train? A possible labour may depend. Rail trainer A possible a perm a different, very ill trained. 60. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 41k: Now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. What are these Italian sentences mean? In English for a tray, Frank? A bullet for February for a tray. Franco Bull Leaper February I would like three stamps, please. Schools The Quanta Costa Cuello School Is he Quanta? Costa Cuello Excuse me. How much is that? Also come br e la printed Etzioni also can be a real apparent that Cioni Can I change the reservation? Uh, when a pure grand A mark. You know, uh, when I puke and then back, you know? Do you have a big a call cause of Waleikum priority Gaza Volley Comprado What? You want to buy Wally Pro Barlow warmly. Provide low. Do you want to try it? Very combative, Qualcosa Maar. Souvenir. So no troppo Qari for a combat equal. Causa Maher is souvenir. So no drop Bokhari. I would like to buy something but the souvenirs are too expensive. Nova Postal Compare e una Catalina de Lara Johnny the tape also Cambra una carta Lena They Larijani Where can I buy a postcard from the region? Mia madre A qui mommy or padre? A apology Mia Madre qui mommy or battery A apology. My mom is here, but my dad is in Paris. Stop! Very you! Colosio! Stop! Very Colosio! Are you going to see the Coliseum? 61. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42a: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian? Too much noise? Drop a room or e noisy? Grew more hours. Too many cockroaches. Trump is carafes. RG Too many people trump papers only or drop again a lot off or lots off Malta. Malta multi multi day things to cause it. The here is a very useful joining word in Italian. Better gay per k. It means because better gay on. We've seen this were before and we learned that it means why so Peric eight can actually mean because Or why So how would you say I'm not going to eat here? Because the food is terrible. Non Stop her Mandaric. We work a deal. Tebow at really nonstop for Mandaric we barricade. You'll Tebow a Terry Billy. I'm not going to the beach because I'm too tired. Non Baduel Espionage Burke A sonar troppo stanko Non volatile AL espionage barricade. So no drop Kostenko. I'm very busy because I have lots of things to do. So normal time. Penneteau Burke A almost a cozy Ghafari. So no multi and penny Otto Barricade Almost because it Ofari I'm not going to buy that because it's too expensive. Non Stop comparing Quello per k a drop Okaroh Non. Stop comparing Quello. They're gay. A trope, Okaroh. 62. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42b: How would you ask in Italian Can you pay because my car doesn't work? Pope Gregory Burke A Lamia Carta mon funciona. I don't like that because it's green. Non me PRC, Quello per k a Verde Non meat Patty Quello for Gay Verde. I like it because it's beautiful. Me PRT forget a bellow. Maybe Autumn Burke A a bellow. Now we've had the word Oh, which means I have Well, here's the negative version of it. Non or no, no, it means I don't have or I haven't. Now what you can do is replace any phrase that has the word all in it with non or, for example, how would you say I haven't ordered no, no or deny auto non Ordina toe. So we know that ordinary Athol means I have ordered So the negative is non ordered in apple . I haven't order or it can also mean I didn't order. How would you say I haven't eaten today? No. No, man Giotto ology. No, no, mandatory G. So we know that Oman datil means I have eaten so non or man battle means I haven't eaten on . This can also mean I didn't eat so No, no, man. Giotto can mean I haven't eaten or I didn't eat. How would you say I don't have many things to do today? No. Normal because they defy Realogy. No, No Multi closet Fromong. So no, no, by itself can mean I don't have. Or also I haven't. Or sometimes in English in this sort of a sentence, we say I haven't got I haven't got many things to do today. Well, that would be non or as well in Italian. So no normal because they are fire or G. 63. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42c: How would you say in Italian? I don't have a reservation, but I would like a table for two. No, no. When I print that Cioni ma for a travel Opare do way? No, no one opponent at sea on a maverick a Cavallo carried away. I haven't tried the pizza. No, no provide for the pizza. No, no privado la pizza. I haven't paid the bill. No, no purgatory goingto No, no Cotto con toe on again. This could mean I haven't paid the bill or in English. We also say I didn't pay the bill, so no, no battle could mean I haven't paid or I didn't pay. How would you say I haven't eaten a lot today? No. No. Manda tomato orgy? No, no manager Tomato orgy. I haven't told it. The wine? No, no. Or did not a real dina? No, no. Or deny auto tv? No. And again, this camino I haven't ordered or I didn't order, so I didn't order. The wine would also be non ordinary stories. You know I haven't booked a table. No, no pregnant Arto Cavallo? No, no potato tableau. And don't forget that Put in our battle can mean booked or reserved. So this could be I haven't booked a table or I haven't reserved a table on again. It could also be I didn't book a table or I didn't reserve a table. Non open up that door won't Cavallo. So even though there were lots of different ways to say the same thing in English, in Italian, there's just the one. No, no Planet Chatto in travel. Oh, how would you say I ordered the wine bought? I haven't told it the food or did not. A real vino. My Nana would not with Tebow Ordina Auto Il Vino My non award in Otto Tebow. 64. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42d: How would you say I've ordered for me? But I haven't told it for you or did not over may mark non word not Overlay award in October. May my Nana Morgan at a Beverly is your next phrase in Italian is Temple or Il Tempo di. This means the time or the time to your temple D. Now we've already had the word Laura, which means the time on a watch, for example, Non know Laura Nano. Laura means I don't have the time or I don't know what time it is or you could ask somebody I, Laura, Nora. And that means Do you have the time or do you know what time it is? So Laura means the time on a watch. But the word is Temple is actually talking about the time to do something, not the time on the clock. So, for example, you could say No, no deal temple. And that means I don't have the time, meaning I'm not free or I'm too busy. No, no ill temple or no, no ill tempered. If I do not want that Cioni No, no, it's embody fiery on a planet that Cioni means I don't have the time to make a reservation . So if you want to put a verb after each temple like we have in this sentence, you need to use the little word de first. So if temple d fiery the time to make So this is similar to when we learn posse villa de possible to or cause a dark things to after is Temple. We have to use the word D if you want to put a very after it. So how would you say I would like to do it? But I don't have the time. Very Farlow. Mark. No, no. A temple for a Farlow Mark. No, no ill temple. And so in this sentence, we just use ill temple without the D. Because we're not putting a very after it. I don't have the time. No, no temple. But how would you say I don't have the time to do it now? No, no, It temporally Farlow Aura. No, no ill tempered. If Arlo Order. And so in this sentence, we do put d after each temple because we're using the verb fiery, which means to do or to make after it. So non oil temple defiled low order 65. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42e: just like in English. You can say it temple for the time, or just temple to say time. So how would you say in Italian? Do you have time tomorrow? A tempo domani a temple, The money So a tempo domani means Do you have time tomorrow? But you could change it important deal in front of temple and say il tempo the money And that would just mean Do you have the time tomorrow? So this works in the same way in Italian as it does in English. So how would you ask? Do you have time to go to the beach today? A temple, the and Arial spr Joji a temple, the and Arial SPR geology. And again, in this sentence you could put deal in front of Temple and it would be perfectly correct as well. So I eat them board the and aerial SPR geology. All it would mean is DEA have the time to go to the beach today, so there's not much difference between DEA Have time, or do you have the time in English? On there's not much difference in Italian between a temple or are is simple. How would you say do you have time to do it for me now a temple. The fire locker may order a temple Defar, Loper May aura. Or of course, you could also say if them body Fadela permit order. Which would mean Do you have the time to do it for me now? But whether you use temple or he'll temple, you always have to put the d after it. If you want to put a verb on the end, how would you say in Italian? Do you have the time to go with me? Your tempo? The Antarctic on May Are you Temple the Antarctic on May 66. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42f: How would you say in Italian? I don't have time to eat a lot today. No, no temple demand Arimoto orgy. No, no temple demand Arimoto orangey. Or you could put eel in front of tempo and say No. No. Well, then put him and Johnny malt orangey meaning I don't have the time to eat a lot today. Now, in Italian, you don't have to say the word any. So nano can mean I don't have. Or also I don't have any and even put any noun on the end of it. Sometimes this can make it tricky when you're speaking Italian because you're thinking that there aren't enough words. For example, if you wanted to say I don't have any time, you might say non no, and then stop because you're thinking What is the word for any? But in Italian, you don't need to say the word for any. You just say I don't have time. No, no temple Or you could say no, no, is temple. I don't have the time, but no, no. Temple can mean I don't have time or I don't have any time. Another example would be non or solely. No, no, salty. Whether we're sold the means money and so not also early can mean I don't have any money or literally it just means I don't have money. No, not solely. And so the English word any isn't used in Italian? No, no, A meaty no no. Amici means I don't have any friends. So the word a meaty means friends. The singular version off amici is amico, which means friend. But no, no am Et literally means I don't have friends. But in English, you can use the word any and say I don't have any friends. So how would you say in Italian? I don't have any cake for you. Normal torta Berlet No, no tort up early and so literally It means I don't have cake for you. So you're starts noticed that quite a lot of the time Italian is a lot simpler than English because in English we have a lot of extra words that we put in or we have different ways of saying the same thing, whereas Italian is a lot more simple. So when you first learned the language, it might seem like you're missing a lot of words out on this can actually be a problem for speaking Italian because you're thinking you're saying it wrong. But just think of Italian as a much simpler way of speaking. So rather than saying I don't have any cake for you, you just say I don't have cake for, you know, not or barely. And actually in English. There are lots of different ways to say even this simple sentence. I don't have any cake for you when you might hear. I haven't got any Kate for you on the phrase I haven't got in Italian is the same non or so Nano can mean. I don't have. I haven't I haven't got It's always the same in Italian. No, no. How would you say I have lots of white wine? But I don't have any red wine. A multi vino Bianco. Mark. No, no Vino Rosso. Ah, Multi vino Bianco. Mark. No Novena rose. So 67. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42g: How would you say in Italian? I don't have a car. No, no, no Makina. No, no una maquina. And so again in English, there are lots different ways to say this sentence you could say I don't have a car. I haven't got a car. Whereas in Italian, you just say no, no. No matter what. No, no una maquina. How would you say I don't have a television in my room? No. No one Televisa? No, no. I'm deliveries all in LME A camera. Now here's another useful phrase in Italian. Andi, you're going to have to work out what it means because we've learned both of the word's gone May corn may means with me. Corn may. So how would you say I don't have any money with me? No, No. Solid Deacon. May. No, no. Soul Deacon may. So don't forget you don't have to say the word for any in Italian. I don't have money with me. No, no. Solely on me or in English. You could also say things like I haven't got any money with me in English. You can say the to talk about something specific that you don't have on do you can do the same in Italian. How would you say I don't have the tickets with me? No, not idiotic on May. No, no, he Bill Yeti on May. How would you ask? Do you want to go to the beach with me tomorrow? Volume Dhari al Espionage Economy Domani volume Dhari al Espionage Economy Domani Can you pay the bill? Because I don't have my card with me. Propaganda Yukon Toe Burke A Nano Lamia car talk on May Papa Gorilla canto parquet. No, no Lamia. Car attack on May. 68. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42h: you might be able to guess what this next phrase means. No, No penalty, Otto. No, No, Brenna. Tato. It means I haven't reserved or I haven't booked. So how would you say I haven't booked a table? But I would like to eat here if it's possible. No, no Pregnant art on travel Oh, my for Ray Manzarek, we say possibly No, no! Brown! Tato Cavallo. Marvel! Ray Manzarek We say Posse Villa. I haven't booked a table because it isn't very busy at the restaurant. No, no parent out on tableau Bear Que No, The Moto in Kenya. The weather restaurant No, no Private Otto Cavallo there que no name altering penny out The one restaurant they now here's a new verb for you to add to your collection. Port Ari. Poor Tyree. It means to bring for Atari on we actually get the English word Porter. From this verb, you can think of a hotel porter as somebody who brings your bags to your room so port Ari means to bring So how would you ask? What can I bring with me? Causa post apartheid Eric on may cause a post apartheid attic on May or instead of Gaza. Another word for what is okay. Capel Support Arctic on May. Or you could even say Gaza get goes oppo support attic on May. How would you say I'm not going to bring it tomorrow? Nonstop Airport. Arlo Domani Nonstop airport are a lot of money. Is it possible for you to bring it with you? A possibility? Barely. DePorter Conley. A perceived labor lady Portela Conley. I'm not going to bring everything with me because it's too much nonstop airport Ari to talk on May bear gay a trope. Nonstop airport, Ari to talk on May Burke A drop. 69. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42i: How would you say in Italian? I'm going to bring lots of things to eat. Stop! Airport, Ari. Multi Cause it a man. Jari, stop! Airport are removed because a dam and Dari so porta means to bring what? We can change it a little bit and put it into the past. And we get a port. Otto! Oh, port Otto. It means I have brought a port. Otto. So how would you say I've brought something with me for you? A porta talk while goes Icahn may barely a porta qualcosa convey pearly I've brought the wine but I don't have any food. A porta Trevena. My no no table a porta Trevena. My No, no! Tebow! So a poor fatto means I have brought on the negative is no no Porta No, no! Port Otto means I haven't brought or close. I mean, I didn't bring So how would you say I haven't brought my passport? No, No Por Tato! EMEA pass supporter. No, no! Port Otto in your pass. A Porto! I haven't brought my key with me. No! No! Port Otto! Lamia Cavic on me. Norma Port Otto! Lamia Chaotic on me. And again This is another situation where in English there is more than one way to say the same thing. And so winning that you could say I haven't brought my key with me. But we could also say I didn't bring my key with me. Whereas in Italian they're both Nana Port Otto Lamia Chaotic on May. How would you say I have brought some wine? But I haven't brought any food. A porta del vino, My Nana Port Otto Tchibo A porta del vino. My Nana. Porta Tchibo. So in this lesson, the words we've had our fair gay meaning because no, no. Which means I haven't all I don't have no, no with a noun after it means I don't have any your tempo or is them? Body means the time to gone May means with me. No, no, Penneteau Otto means I haven't reserved or I haven't bought port Ari is a very meaning to bring Oh, poor Tato means I have brought and then no, no. Poor battle means I haven't brought 70. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42j: It's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How would you say in Italian? I haven't reserved a table because this restaurant isn't very busy. No. No Prenup. Bateau Tableau Barricade Questo Restaurant Non Emoto in Penneteau No, no parental battle in Ravello Barricade. Questo Ristorante! Now animal doing Penneteau. I don't have any wine at my house. But I'm going to buy a bottle today. No, no vino Them a stopper complaining on the bottle. Yah! Orgy! No, no Vino them a stopper. Comprise one about ideology. I have my car with me or Lamia Mackinac on May or Lamia Mackinac on May. Are you going to bring some food to the beach? Stop airport Arsenal TBA while espionage Stop Airport rd there Tebow Al espionage. I have brought something with me for you. A porta talk because I can make barely import Otto because I can make barely. I don't have the time to go with you today. But can I go tomorrow? Non oil Temple. The anti American ideology map Pashto and Dari Domani No, no. Is Temple the Antarctic? Only on G money. Do you have the time to make a reservation at the restaurant. I embody fighting on a planet that's the only restaurant. They I eat them. But if I win a pennant at sea on a restaurant, do you have the time to buy something for Maria I Temple the compact equal cause a pair Maria at U 10 Body complete equal cause a pair. Maria, I didn't book a table, but the restaurant isn't too busy. No, no, not that On top. Below my restaurant Non e troppo in Penneteau. No, no Parayno Tattooing Tableau. My restaurant non e troppo in Penneteau. I didn't book, but I would like a room for two people if it's possible. No, no Parayno, Taepo Mavrey Una cometa pair Do ape Arizonan, They say a posse. Vili No, no Penneteau Mavrey on a common appeared wipers only say possibility. 71. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42k: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? No, no, it's tempo park. A volatile aroma. Domani No, no, it's Temple Burke. A volatile aroma. Domani I don't have the time because I'm going to Rome tomorrow. Stop airport today. A bill yet? No money Stop Airport Ari Omani. Are you going to bring the tickets tomorrow? No. No enemy of a support took on May. No, no In your pass. A port took on me. I don't have my passport with me. Stop Airport rd to tow the money. Stop Airport Ari to tow the money. Are you going to bring everything tomorrow? Marco Nana Qui Oh gee per k a troppo in Penneteau Marco Non Ecology Burke a a troponin Pianalto. Marco isn't here today because he's too busy. A possible apparently deport area and go around about Ilya. Request avian over May A possibility barely Deportiva on Cora Otilia Request over. You know pair May is it possible for you to bring another bottle of this wine for me? Cause Apostle Porta Rican male Albergo cause a postal Puerto Rican May Albergo What can I bring with me to the hotel both Saporta EMEA meet economy ology Posso Porta in Miami Chikane Baoji Can I bring my friend to me today? Volume Dari lt Nemec Unmade Omani volley and aerial CI Nema committed money Do you want to go to the cinema with me tomorrow? No more solid economy? No, no So leak on May I don't have any money with me. 72. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42l: what we'll do now. Awesome Recap. Translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I like it in plastic. Me Ph. D Plastic me PR TV plastic. It's a bit too small for me. A in Bartra puppy cooker May a young bought troppo p. Cooper may. I would like to go to the butcher, but it's too far from here and I don't have a car. Veran, Dari, Allah Mattel area Ma A triple Lantana Like we in No, no, no makina Ivorian Dari, Allah Matin area ma A drop a lantana like we don't know when a maquina What time are you going to Kristina's house? A Que aura about Christina A que aura Vanda Christina, I think the restaurant is fantastic. There may be a restaurant, a fantastical there. May l a restaurant, a fantastico. It's quarter to 11 Somali unity men in cuarto. So no lay wounded G men, no cuarto Its 320 euros for two weeks cost that region. Prevent ta or Oprah do a city man. They cost that Gretchen Formenty ao bear do a city money. Excuse me. How much is the wine here? Schools E Quandt Acosta Vino Queen School. Is he crying? Papa? Stevie No Queen. Hello. I am Paolo and I'd like a table for two. Please, Tao. So no Paolo A beret Cavallo pair do a powerful How so? No, Paolo, if we're right on the envelope, do a pair. February Maria is very tired. Maria, A multi Tonka. Maria Emoto Stanka. 73. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 42m: Now let's do some Italian to English Recap. Translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? No basin. Duroc. No way. Senora Rossi. Where is Mrs Rossi? A de frente a de frente. Is he in a hurry? On that sentence? Could also mean. Is she in a hurry or are you in a hurry? And so you can add Louis at the start to make it clear that it is he Louis? Eddie Fred! No non sauna. Stanko mass on a multilane Penneteau. No non Sana. Stanko Masson Inamoto in Kenya. Anto No, I'm not tired, but I'm very busy. Let me a printout that Cioni in No medial for Nancy. Let me a print that Cioni in normally. Alfonsi, my reservation is in the name off. Alfonsi stopper. Candiotti! Leporello! Etzioni! Stop! There can be added a penalty. Etzioni, are you going to change the reservation? Vado! Al! Espionage up! You tardy Vado! Ls Biaggi up? You tardy? I'm going to the beach later because of Stop everybody, cause I stopped better Baddie! What you going to drink? Award in Otto When about illa de vino Ordina toe in a Bokeelia Devi? No, I've ordered a bottle of wine of Willie and go last Esa cosa of one Leon Gora last esta cosa. Do you want the same thing again? Not me. Sent off. Fantastical Maher Not mishandled. Terry. Billy Normie. Simple, fantastical. Manami sent Oteri Billy, I don't feel fantastic, but I don't feel terrible. 74. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43a: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian? Because better k I haven't tried. It would have No, no, I don't have any. No, no. The time to il tempo knee with me on may I haven't reserved or I haven't bought No, no prenup Chatto to bring fourth Daddy, I have brought Oh, poor Tato. I haven't brought no no port Otto. Now, in this lesson, we're going to learn a bit off Gramma on. We're going to look at the past tense. The past tense in Italian is very easy. There are two parts and here is an example off it in use. Oh, man. Jackal means I have eaten on the first part is all which means I have Andi will call that an auxiliary verb. And the second part is man genital. And that means eaten. And we'll call this part a past participle. So Oh, man, Giotto means I have eaten and it's an example off the past tense in Italian and it's made off an auxiliary verb onda past participle. You can change the word manji apple which is the past participle toe any verb you like and change the meaning off the sentence. So Oman Jackal means I have eaten Ordina toe means I have ordered open a tattoo means I have reserved Okamba gateau I have changed. You might have noticed that all the past participles end in the letters a t o at all And this is something you'll see a lot off in the past tense in Italian now to form the past participle, there are two steps set one is to remove the a r e from the end off the verb and Step two is to put a t o or Atal on the end instead. For example, man Jari means to eat man Giotto means eaten so you can see you've taken the a r e on replaced it with an 80 0 to get the past participle or D 90 means to order and Ordina toe means ordered. So we've taken the a r e off the end of order denarii on replaced it with an 80 0 Renata, Sorry means to reserve Brianna Tato means reserved. And so we've got a R e originally and then 80 0 for the past participle on the letters a t o are sort of like the same as the letters E d or E n in English. If you see E. D on the end of a word like ordered or reserved, you know it's the past tense. Or if you see e n on some words like eaten well, 80 0 is the equivalent to that. If you see a T o on the end of a word in Italian, it's probably the past tense man, Giotto or Dean Otto on Brenda Fatto eaten, ordered and reserved our role examples off past participles. 75. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43b: So we've just learned that to form the past participle in Italian there are two steps. Step one is to remove the letters a r e From the end of the verb on Step two is to put the letters a t o on the end instead. So after all, is what you'll see on the end off past participles. Let's have a go at turning these verbs into past participles. Man Jari means to eat. So how would you say eaten? Manda Otto Man, Data Vasari means to spend as in to spend time. So what would be spent by Satel pasado? Pretty not Dotty means to reserve So how would you say reserved? Pretty not Otto Renata Toe Port Authority means to bring in Italian So what would be brought for battle? Poor tattoo Dement Ikari means to forget in Italian Demented Qari So what would be forgotten? Demented Catto, Demented Catto. So now you have the past participle or you have to do is put all hate Oh, meaning I have in front of those And you conform a sentence in the past tense. So how would you say in Italian? I have ordered oh Lord in Acto. Oh, Ordina toe, I have eaten. Oh, man. Data. Oh, man. Giotto, I have reserved open a tattoo. Oprah, not Otto. Now, instead of saying I have all the time, you can change the sentence by changing the auxiliary fib. So the auxiliary verb is the first part off the past tense on we've seen all, which means I have what he could change it to. I I which means you have. And again we have to do is put a past participle on the end of it. And you've got a sentence sensitive Orman genital. Meaning I have eaten. You could say I'm and Yatil, you have eaten Louis. Louis means he has Louis on the Louis is optional. You can just say, uh, but as you'll see in the next one, the word has multiple meanings. Les Laia means she has and so you can just say, uh, by itself, but because I can mean he has all she has. Sometimes it's a good idea to put the words Louis or lay at the start to make it clear as to whether you're speaking about he or she. So Louisiana means he has Leia means she has Paulo. Uh, Paulo, uh means power has Or you could put any name is that of powerless. And Maria, for example, would be Maria has laia laia means you have and the only difference between the words lay meaning you and lay. Meaning she is the capital. L So in speaking, there's no difference between Leia. Meaning she has on Leia. Meaning you have abbiamo. Abbiamo means we have a BMO have a I've read the means you have. And then a no and no means they have. So that all the auxiliary verbs in Italian? Oh, I Louis, uh, Leia Paulo. Uh, lay, uh, abbiamo, Avett They I know. 76. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43c: So we've just seen that you can change the auxiliary verb into any of these. Oh, I Louis, uh, Leia Paulo. Uh, lay, uh, Abby, I am a vet or a no. And they mean I have you have he has. She has. Paolo has. You have. We have. You have all they have. And you probably noticed that there are three different ways to say you have in Italian. We have I lay, uh, and of it, they Well, we've already had a and we've been using that one so far for everything. However, there are also the words I and everything. I is used only when you're talking toe one person whom you know very well. So if it's a friend of yours, you can use I in olden English. We used to have the word vow Husted that was used with friends. If you're speaking to more than one person, you can use the word a vet. They instead, the word I is classed as the singular, informal way off saying you have Where is the word of a is classed as the plural way off saying you have Finally, there's a This word is used If you're speaking toe One person you don't know too well. It's considered the formal way off saying you have in Italian. So if you're talking to one person you know very well you use I. If you're talking to more than one person use event, they And if you're talking to anybody you don't know you should use. So I is the singular informal. Ah is the singular formal Onda a vet? They is the plural. So how would you say in Italian I have eaten Oh man Datil. Oh, man Giotto, How would you say you have eaten? You can say either I'm an Giotto, uh, man Giotto Or evade the man Giotto. He has eaten a man, Dato. Or you can put Louis in front and say, Louis, Amanda, the Louis is used. If it's not clear that you're speaking about he because a man gado, as we've just seen can mean you have eaten in the singular formal. Or it can also mean she has eaten. So, Louis, a man, Giotto, just to be on the safe side. How would you say she has eaten lay a man, Giotto or just at man Jabal? So the lay is optional. If it's not clear that you're definitely talking about she lay a man, Giotto 77. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43d: So remember that we can change your gated reverb on, say, in Italian. Or I have I for you have Louis. Uh, for he has Leia for she has Paulo. Uh, for Paolo has laia can also mean you have abbiamo means we have a vet. They means you have on a no means they have on. We said that the three different ways to say you have I lay are on a vet. They are the singular informal, the singular formal and the plural. So how would you say in Italian? Marco has eaten. Markle. I'm undock. Toe Marco at Mankato. Sofia has eaten. Sofia Amanda, Sofia. Amanda Otto. We have eaten IBM Amanda Abbiamo man Giotto. They have eaten. And no man Giotto And no man Giotto so far, we've learned that you need to change the a r e on the end of a verb to an 80 0 to make the past participle, for example, manjarrez becomes man data. But can you remember when I said a few lessons ago that there are three different types of verb in Italian? They are the verbs which end in a r e The verbs which end in I R E on the verbs, which end in E. R. E. What this means is that there are three different ways to make the past participle off an Italian verb. The three things to remember are a r e becomes at all as we've already seen. I ar e on the end of verbs becomes Ito and e r E becomes so all you have to do to turn any verb into the past participle is to change the last three letters off the verb. If the very Benz and Ari change it to Apple, if the bourbons in e. R. A. Change it to Ito, and if the verb ends in any change it to, for example, man Jari means to eat, Mandy Otto means eaten. We need a means to finish. Finito means finished vendor. It means to sell on Ben do toe means sold 78. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43e: So there are three different types of verb in Italian verbs which end in a r E verbs which end in the letters I r E on verbs which end in the letters e r e andi. To form the past participle or you have to do is change. These last three letters are a becomes Acto e a becomes ito on a becomes bhutto So with that in mind, how would you say in Italian I have spoken Oh parla toe Oh piloto So the very to speak its popularity on we change the a r e on the end to a battle What would be you have spoken I bought last fall A bad elastico or I've 80 piloto he has spoken apart Plateau Louis apart Plateau She has spoken apart Plateau or lay up Our Lata Paulo has spoken Paolo apart Plateau Paolo apart Plateau Maria has spoken Maria a parallax Maria apart Plateau. We have spoken IBM apart Plateau abbiamo, parla toe they have spoken and no parla toe And no badolato. The verb to sell is vend any. So what would be I sold of in Judah? Oh Vin doux toe would be youth old ivindo toe having do toe or of Ativan do toe 79. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43f: How would you say? In Italian, he has sold a vindaloo toe or Louis Avenue toe she sold Have in due Toa or lay Ravindu Toe Paolo sold Paolo Ravindu Toe Paolo having do toe Maria sold Maria Having do so, Maria of Indo Toe, we sold Abbiamo Indu toe abbiamo window they sold and no window on. No men do toe Now the verb to finish in Italian is Feeny D So how would you say I have finished often? It often Ito, you have finished. I finito. Ah finito Or a vet? Finito! He has finished after Nieto or Louis Afinitor. She has finished Afinitor or lay after Nieto. Paulo has finished. Paolo A finito Paolo Afrin Ito Maria has finished. Maria A finito Maria After Nieto, we have finished Abbiamo. Finito Abbiamo Finito! They have finished Are not finito on No finito! 80. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43g: So you now know that there are three types of verb in Italian verbs, which end in a R E verbs, which end in I r E on verbs, which end in E. R E and you know how each one changes in the past. So here are a few birds that you can add to your vocabulary. First, we'll go through the infinitives on. Then we'll go through the past participles. Poor toddy Port Ari means to bring Reynolds Sorry, parental Daddy means to reserve Dement Ikari Demented Qari means to forget possibly facade e is to spend as into spend time in Perata in Perata means to learn pair of many means to lose a parent that it vendetta. Vin Nici means to sell. Comprise is to buy Femenia means to finish. Phinney Lee Copy that copyright is to understand indoor meet daughter Merei means to sleep . Onda senti they senti day means to feel so that's just 12 common infinitives in Italian. What we'll do now is go through the past participles, so firstly, have a go at forming the past participles yourself. Remember that a R E becomes apple. I r e becomes Ito and e R E becomes photo and see if you can work out what the meaning in English would be as well. So pause the video, go through all these verbs and then press played. Steve, you got them right for that, though. Port Otto means broad. No Tak tau. But I know that means reserved, demented Cotto Demented Cotto means forgotten pass apple bass Acto means spent in battle Imparato means learned para do toe hairdo. Toe means lost vindaloo toe Mendota means sold Comme Pratto Compact oh means boat. Finito. Finito is finished, Capito Capital means understood. Dora Mito Door Mito is slept Andi Sen Tito Sen Tito means felt and we have to do is put any of these past participles after any off the auxiliary verbs on Do you have the past tense in Italian? 81. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43h: How would you say in Italian? I have reserved a table. Open a Tato Cavallo! Open! I have brought Paolo. Oh, poor Tato! Paolo Aport! Alto Paolo! I have for gotten Oh demented Cotto. Oh, demented captor! I have understood. Okay, Peter. Oh, Capito. I have finished often. Ito. Oh, finito. I have lost the car. Opare doodle a maquina Opare total a makina. I have sold the car over in doodle a maquina over in due to Allah. Makina Paolo reserved a table yesterday. Paolo A printout on Cavallo yet Paulo Parana, Tato Tavel Aviary. Maria has brought some food with her. Maria a portable Chiba Conley Maria apart. Otto dealt Ebo Conley. So don't forget that the word for some in Italian is Dell. Or if it's a feminine word, it's Della. They have for gotten everything on not demented Cotto. I'm not demented. Cotto She bought the red wine a calm Pratto Il vino rossa. Or to be more specific, lay a calm Pratto Silvino Roso 82. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43i: How would you say in Italian you have finished now I feel need the water. Oh, after Anita water Or in the plural of it. If you need the order, we have lost the key Abbiamo pair do Pollock IAVI, abbiamo Peduto Like IAVI, she has sold the house of In Doodle Icaza or Lay of Indu Tola Caza. We learned Italian abbiamo, Imparato Italiano Abbiamo, Imparato, little Jano. Now, although most off the verbs in Italian follow the normal rules for changing into the past participle, there are a few verbs which do their own thing. So normally you have to change a r e to apple I r e t eat though Andi r e to kowtow to make the past participle. But I'm going to give you a few verbs that we call irregular verbs. First we'll go through the infinitives on. Then we'll have a look at how they're past Participles are irregular, so these verbs don't follow the normal rules. The festival is baddie Mary, which means to drink Fathi Fiery means to make or to do fiery vendetta very means to see Prenda re Brenda Leigh means to take in Italian friend Ari share your shell. You're a means to choose Shell yet Kiev today Kiev today means toe Ask Kiev Very a really a prairie is to open up Really que today que than a means to close que Today let me have delay D day which means to say or to tell dearly legendary Les Jerry means to read in Italian legendary Onda pair of very pair that a means to lose a parent. Very so let's have a look at the past participles off these irregular verbs. Bhutto Marotta means drunk Baruto Fat fat don't is made or done. Fatto vista We still means scene appraisal. Appraisal means taken in Italian shells. Shell go means chosen shell toe. Yes. So Tiesto is asked a pair toe a Puerto means opened a Perito cuse up Accuser is closed, Netto and they don't means said or told that Leto Leto means red. And then we have the Web pair of that eight, which means to lose. And we've already seen that the past participle off pair of today is para do toe. But actually this verb has two different past participles, and you can choose whichever one you prefer whenever you fancy so Perrilloux toe we've already learned means lost. But you can also say Parisot Paris So and so both of those para do toe and pair so mean lost So Pardew toe isn't irregular but Paris store is and you can choose whichever one you fancy. 83. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43j: How would you say in Italian? I have drunk too much wine of a Bhutto troppo vino or a photo op of een I have done that. Or facto Cuello or facto Cuello, I have seen Paolo OVI store Paolo We stopped power. I have taken the key with me. Oh praise Allah! Chaotic on may Oh, praise! Oh lucky OPIC on me! I have chosen this car or shelter Cuesta Maquina or shell toe Cuesta maquina I have lost the key Opare So like IAVI Opare So lucky RV He drank too much wine. Have a Bhutto drop of you know Louis Abou Talk troppo vino She has done everything today a fat go to doggie lay a fatto Georgie They saw the Coliseum on Movistar You Colosio! Ah no visto Il Colosio We took the comatose of Yama Praise Ohlemacher IBM Appraisal La maquina 84. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43k: How would you say in Italian? He tears that Louis a shelter. Cuello Louis a shell talk? Well, no, she understood Marco Very well. Lay a capital Marco Multi Benny Lay a capital Marco Multi ben name. So let's do a quick recap off the past tense before I let you loose on some translations. So to form the past tense you have two steps. Firstly, you have to use an auxiliary verb, for example O which means I have Step two is to add a past participle for example, man genital meaning eaten on to form the past participles or you have to do is change the last three letters on the verb. If they end in a ari, you change it to Atal I r E becomes ito and e r e becomes uto for example, man Jari means to eat man Giotto is eaten. Basada means to spend Masato means spent. But I know Daddy means to reserve Brianna Tato means reserved Fourth daddy is to bring Port Otto Broad. Dement Ikari means to forget demented capital is forgotten. We need a means to finish finical means finished sent DeLay is to feel Sen Tito means felt indoor me today means to sleep Nor Mito means slept Happy Day means to understand Andi Capito means understood Vendor is to sell. Vendetta is sold very means to see on BVI store is an irregular past participle and it means scene in para means to learn on Imparato means learned. And we can take any of those past participles and put an auxiliary verb in front of them, for example, or means I have or I means you have. And that's the singular in form Louis, Uh, means he has laia is she has Paulo, uh means power has laia is the singular former way of saying you have abbiamo means we have have yet they is you have in the plural animal means they have so after any of those off the river verbs we comport the past participle and normally a r e becomes apple on the end off verbs to form the past participle. I r e becomes Ito on e. R. E becomes photo. But of course there are the irregular verbs. So we had berry meaning to drink on the past. Participle is Fahri means to do or to make on the past participle is fat meaning done or made Videgaray, We've seen means to see on the past Participle is visto which means scene Brenda Day means to take on the past Participle is brazel appraisal meaning taken. Baird a means to lose on this very has to past participles and you can choose whichever one you want. Pair. So is the irregular version or hairdo. Toe is the non irregular version. Sharia means to choose on shelter means chosen Que very is to ask yesto means asked a really means to open on a Puerto is opened que today means to close Accuser is closed, Dina means to say or to tell on the past participle is death meaning sad? Don't told Onda legendary means to read on the past Participle is Leto, which means red. 85. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43l: it's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How do you say in Italian? Paolo is tired because he drank too much wine. Paulo s Stanko for cable Voto drop of you know Paulo s Tonko Burke a devoto troppo vino. We have sold the car because it was too expensive. Abbiamo vin doux de la maquina que a start at Tropicana IBM of in doodle a maquina burke a start at Tropicana. And so in this sentence because la maquina is feminine, we have to say a stata for waas on Gara for expensive so that the feminine versions How would you say I 80 yesterday? Oh man, Giotto Qui Vietti Oh man, Giotto qui e 80 They finished before me, Ondo. Finito. Prima di May on often Ito remedy May Maria chose the red wine, but I chose the white line Maria a shell toe Vino roso my or shell go il vino Bianco Maria A shell oil. You know Ross. So Rochelle toe Vino Bianco. You forgot the cheese I demand take out for Margot. Oh, a demented Cotto Formaggio or in the plural of a demented cattle formaggio. I lost my passport in my room. Opare. So in your pass a Porto Nella mia com era or bear Cemil pasa Porto Nella Mia Cometa. I understood everything very well, but Marco didn't understand. Oh, Capito. Multi beignet Marco Nana, Capital, Ochopee. Toe to toe. Multi. Many My Marco Noah Kapito. I made a cake for you off fatto una toward apparently oh fatto una told properly I learned Italian because I would like to go to room or in Barack Paul Italiano per k Ivorian Barry Aroma or Imparato Little Yano, Burke Avery and Dari aroma. 86. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43m: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these Italian sentences mean in English? Louis Avista Will Colosio in Italia Louis. A mystery caller sale in Italian. He saw the Coliseum in Italy. Les Appraisal will be getting Conley Les Appraisal Iberia tick Only she took the tickets with her. And we can tell this is she rather than you Because at the end of the sentence, we have Conley on the lay has a lower case l on that can only mean with her. If it were with you, it would be a Capitol Hill. I compare Apple really know a locum barato If Tebow you bought the wine and I bought the food. I'm not demented Cotto Billy Etty Perry Training I'm not demented Cotto Ability period Train They forgot the tickets for the train. Oh, praise or to talk on May Eri Appraisal to talk on May yearly I took everything with me yesterday office The quest off him MMP Akimoto Oh, Vista questo Film Mmph Emoto I've seen this film and I like it a lot Louis a fatto Very l a a fatto Org Louis a fatto Very l a a Fatah to Toraji. He did everything yesterday and she did everything today. Abbiamo Imparato quit, You know. Abbiamo, Imparato Cuello We learned that Maria Abby Bhutto D'Avino Parquet NAMI Pr Maria Voto Ameobi No economic PR. Maria drank my wine because I don't like it. A BMO Capital Moto Man on Toto bmo Capital Moto Man in tow. We understood a lot, but not everything. 87. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43n: what we'll do now. Awesome Recap Translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in Italian? I would like to buy dinner for you tonight. Rory Comprado Latina released are saying very calm. Bradley Latina pair lace Acerra. The food is delicious, but everything is always very expensive Here You're Tebow. Exquisite. Makoto a Sempra Malta Kar Okie you Tebow s quiz Ito Makoto a Sempra Multi karaoke. We? Is there a good restaurant near here in one restaurant Quiver Gino J 11 restaurant Take with Gino. What is there for? Children and Italian? You'd have say literally. What is there for? The Children cause a chain pair bambini cause a shape Perry Bambini, Do you want to try something different today? Volley provided Qualcosa reversed Orgy Volley provided Qualcosa deliver Sonji, Is that for me? Quello Ever me Quello Paper me. Is it possible for me to pay later? A possible a permit Deepak are reputed already a perceived later May depart Carry pure parody. There is a problem with shower in my room. J one problem J one problem. There are too many people here today. You can either say she saw not proper papers on a quick org or Jay Drop a gente cree oji. It's absolutely extraordinary here. A through the mental Stroud Deniau qui a salute, a mental extraordinary. 88. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43o: Now we'll do some Italian to English Recap. Translations? What of these Italian sentences mean in English? No negativo, ma. No neck perfetto. No negativo, Ma. Nani Perfetto. It isn't bad, but it isn't perfect. Nominator Louis Better May No *** Louis paper May it isn't for him. It's for me both safari When I point out that the only trait Arizona Post so far e When I play out at sea on a better track there is only can I make a reservation for three people, please? Quanta Costa pair Trade your me Quanta Costa pair Trade your knee. How much is it for three days Schools. He drove a possible knowledge. Ali when I marking a pair of Louis City money schools e nor the pasta apologetic una maquina bear do a city Miami. Excuse me. We're gonna hire a cough for two weeks. Vohra and Dari. Allah speak Romani Veranda. Aerial espionage. Domani. I would like to go to the beach tomorrow also, and at a con. Paolo that Sophia Pew. Tardy Pashto and Dari Khan Paolo that Sophia brutality. Can I go with power to Sophia's house Later For a pack. Gharekhan Carta for rape. Buggery Encarta. I would like to pay by card, so no letting quick. So knowledge in quay it's five o'clock una Bokeelia Divina roso Acosta orto a oroqen Quanta , you know, about period even are also cost the auto A approaching quanta a bottle of red wine is eight euros 50. 89. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43: Now, this is just a quick half lesson to talk about a little problem that appears in English, but not in Italian. So far, we've learned that the past tense in Italian is made up off to different parts. For example, in the phrase Omondi apple, which means I have eaten, we have all meaning I have, and this is the auxiliary verb. And then man Giotto means eaten, and it's a past participle. Now this is all fine and dandy, but in English we have two ways to talk about the past. You can either say I have eaten or I ate. Thankfully, in Italian, there is only one version. So no matter whether you want to say I have eaten or I ate in Italian, it's always just Oh man, Jack in English, the I eight version is called The Simple Past. Whilst I have eaten is called the present perfect in Italian. The simple past doesn't exist. They only have the present perfect temps. And yes, the present perfect tense is a form of the past tense, even though it has the word present in it. So Amanda Apple can mean either I have eaten or I ate in English. How would you say I have eaten too much today on my jack ATR apology? Oh, man. Gotta drop org. I ate that yesterday. Amanda Quello e ery Oh, man. Gotta quello e ery you have eaten my cake. I'm on Giotto. A man, Giotto or a vet? A man. Giotto. Lamia, Torta. You ate at Sophia's house? I'm an Giotto. That Sophia Oh, a man. Giotto. That Sophia. Or in the pleural cavity? Mandy Otto. That Sophia. He has eaten all the food. Louis, Amanda Otto, three TV Louis A man. Giotto table. He ate a lot yesterday. A man Jap a Moto e Eddie Louis Amanda Tomato Very. 90. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43: How would you say? In Italian, she has eaten Paolo's pizza. A man Jap o la pizza. DiPaolo lay a man job for a pizza. DiPaolo She ate at the hotel at three o'clock. A man. Giotto. Albergo Ali. Trey, Lay a man Giotto. Albergo Ali! Trey Paulo has eaten breakfast. Paolo Amanda Telecyl Etzioni Paolo A man Giotto Local Etzioni Paolo ate at my house yesterday Paolo Machado Damage Very Paolo Maria has eaten Maria A man. Giotto Maria A man Giotto. Maria ate with us at the restaurant. Maria A man Giotto Canoy Restaurant Maria A man Giotto Co Noi Restaurant We have eaten today. Abbiamo man got orgy. Abbiamo man got orgy. We ate at this restaurant. Abbiamo Man Giotto Questo Restaurant Obama Man Giotto Questo Restaurant. They have eaten lots of ice cream and no man Giotto, Malta. Gelato and no man Giotto. More gelato. They ate at the beach. And no man Giotto. Espionage and no man Giotto Espionage 91. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43: How would you say in Italian? I have said everything or that photo or that photo. I said no on that. Got no or that? No. You have said too much. I did talk. Drop Oh, and that talk drop or in the plural of a data drop. You said everything in Italian. I did a photo in Italiano. Have it The data Tutto Italiano. I have finished that now. Often it took well. Laura off. Finito! Quello Aura. I finished everything yesterday. If you need to talk, Vieri often Ito Vieri, you have finished. I feed meat though if you need though or a vet A finito. You finished dinner? I feel need a Latina after Nieto Latina. I bet if you need a Latina, he has finished after Nico or Louis Afinitor. He finished everything at my house After Nieto to Oda Mae Louis AP Finito 92. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43: How would you say in Italian, I have reserved a table for eight oclock Open auto travel. Opare eleventy open on 1000 travel Opare Eleventy. I reserved a table but the restaurant isn't busy. Open a tattoo on travel. Oh, my restaurant known in Kenya Open without one. Cavallo, My restaurant known and Penneteau. I have brought power with me. Oh, poor Tato Power! Look on me! Ah, Port Otto! Power! Look on! May I brought power with me! A poor top! Our look on me. A port outta power! Look on! May I have forgotten Oh, demented Cotto! Oh, demented cattle! I forgot. Oh, demented Cotto! All the men Takato, I have chosen this red wine or shell toe Questo, Vino rosa or shells Talk West Covina Rose. So I chose this souvenir for Sofia Or shelter Questo Souvenir Paris Sofia or shell Toe Questo Souvenir Paris. Sofia. I have learned a lot. Or in Perata, Moto or Imparato. Multi. I learned English. Oh, Imparato Or in battling lazy. I have lost the car Opare, Sola makina or bear. So la maquina 93. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 43: How would you say in Italian I lost the key Opare So like IAVI, there's a lack IAVI I have sold the car or in do Tele makina over in due toa la maquina I sold my red car yesterday or in due toa Lamia McEnroe's Ayari of Indo Telomere makina Rosa e ery I have drunk too much wine Obey Bhutto drop Bovino Obey Bhutto troppo vino I drank two bottles of water Obey Bhutto do a cotillion The aqua of ableto do about alleviating the aqua I have done that or facto Cuello off factor Cuello I did everything today off Acto org OFAC toe to toe orgy I have seen Paolo Oh visto Paolo Oh Vista Paolo I saw power OVI Store Power OVI Store Paolo I have taken everything with me or praise or to talk on May Oh, praise off to talk on May I took the train to melon appraisal Ill trainer Emiliano Oh, praise with training Emiliano, I have set will on your mito Benny on your meter Benny I slept very well or door Mito Multi Ben on your meat Tomato Benny I understood Marco Oh Capital Marco Oh Capito! Marco 94. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44a: let's start this lesson with a quick recap off the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in Italian to eat? Andi eaten man Jihadi man Giotto to spend spent Basanti to reserve reserved But I know toddy to bring brought port Ari for Tato to forget Forgotten Dement Ikari Demented canto to finish finished Femenia Finito To feel felt sentir a sand ito to sleep slept door Media Damita, do you understand? Understood. Capita capito to sell sold vendor a vindaloo toe to see Seen very vista to learn Learned in Ferrari Imparato I have Oh, you have in the singular informal I he has Ah, Or Louis. Uh, she has, uh ole, uh, Paulo has Paolo you have in the singular formal, uh, or Leia we have I've yamma you have in the plural. Have it the they have and no. So the three normal ways to turn an infinitive into a past participle in Italian are if the bourbons in a r e to remove the a r e and add a t o if the verb ends in I r e. You replace that with I t o Ito or if the VEB ends in e r E, you replace that with brutal or U T o. But there are some irregulars. So how do you say Italian to drink drunk Barry to do doing or to make made fatty fat door to see scene Very vista to take taken friend today basil to lose lost And don't forget there are two versions off lost in Italian. Better that a Parisot or para dude to choose chosen sherry A shelter toe ask asked Key. Every key esto toe open opened a pre day apparent. Oh, to close closed Que that a cues to say said. Or to tell told DeLay Detto to read, read legendary Let go! 95. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44b: in this lesson, we'll have a look at the negative past tense. So in the last lesson we learned that the past tense in Italian is made up of two parts. For example, in the phrase Oman Geritol, which means I have eaten, we have all which means I have. And that's an auxiliary verb. And then we have man Jack, It'll which means eaten on. We call this a past participle. Well, in the negative, all you have to do is change the auxiliary verb silently. So we go from Oman, Giotto to no, no, man Genital and nor Norman Giotto means I haven't eaten. It's made up of non O which is the negative organ reverb. Meaning I haven't on. We still have manji apple on the end. The past participle meaning eaten. So we have to do is change all to nano and nominal means I haven't. So how would you say I haven't ordered? No, no Ordina toe? No, no Ordina toe. I haven't eaten. No, No Maj Otto? No, No, man Giotto. I haven't reserved no no prenup Fatto No, no brain attack toe. Now, in the last lesson, we looked at nine different auxiliary verbs in Italian. We had all meaning. I have I meaning you have, Louis. Uh, which means he has Les are meaning she has Paulo, uh, is power house Laia means you have I've jahmal is we have have it. They is. You have in the plural on a no means they have. Well, as you've seen, we can change. I have to. I haven't in Italian simply by putting a non in front off the have part. So I have is all and I haven't is non no. Well, you could do the same to change any of the auxiliaries into their negative versions. For example, Lucia means he has Louis. Nana means he hasn't said the non comes in front of the have part in Italian. So how would you say he hasn't warded Louis Nana, Ordina Louis known our Donato. He hasn't eaten Louis non Amanda Louis Na Naman data. He hasn't reserved Louis non up Renata Otto Louis known uprona Tato 96. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44c: Let's have a look at all the negative versions off the ordinary verbs, So Oh, means I have no no means I haven't. I is. You have no Ni means you haven't. Louis means he has Louis. Nana means he hasn't Laia means she has Les Nana means she hasn't. Paolo means power, has Paolo, Nor not means power hasn't laia means you have Les Nana means you haven't. Abbiamo is we have no no. Abbiamo means we haven't. I've Anything means you have none of it. They you haven't. And animal is They have so non and no means they haven't. And all you have to do just like before is port Any past participle on the end off these auxiliary verbs. So how would you say in Italian? I haven't eaten. No. No, man. Giotto. No, No, man. Giotto, you haven't eaten non. I'm an Giotto. No Na Mongiardo on non pavetti. Mahato! He hasn't eaten. Louis! Nana! Man! Giotto! Louis! Nana! Man! Giotto! She hasn't eaten Les Nana, Man Giotto, Lay non Amanda! Otto! Paolo hasn't eaten. Paolo Nana! Man! Giotto! Paolo Non Amanda Otto Maria hasn't eaten. Maria Non. Amanda Maria known Amanda Otto. We haven't eaten. None of ya, Mo man. Job known abbiamo man. Jack, They haven't eaten non and no man. Jack toh! No, no, no, man Gateau. 97. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44d: How would you say in Italian? I haven't seen No No Avista? No, No vista You haven't seen You can either say non ivy store, non obvious story or non innovative Visto. He hasn't seen Louis. None of the store. Louis Nana Visto She hasn't seen Les Nana Visto Les Nana v store Paolo hasn't seen Paolo Non obvious though. Paolo Non Avista. Sophia hasn't seen Sophia Na'vi Store Sophia Non Avista. We haven't seen No, not be a movie star. No, not be a movie star. They haven't seen non on OVI store. No, none of the store. I haven't finished. No, No Finito. No, No. Finito. You haven't finished No knife in Ito? No. Nah. Finito or non innovative. Finito. He hasn't finished. Louis Nana. Finito. Louis Nana. Finito. She hasn't finished. Les Nona. Finito. Les Nana. Finito. 98. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44e: How would you say in Italian? Paolo hasn't finished. Paolo. No Nothin. Ito Paolo, Nana. Finito. Sophia hasn't finished. Sophia known if you need Sophie. And on if you need we haven't finished known. Obama. Finito. Non Obama. Finito. They haven't finished? No, not often. Ito, Norman often Ito. So in this lesson, we've looked at turning the past tense. Negative on. All you have to do is make the auxiliary verb negative and put the normal past participle on the end. And seven active auxiliary verbs were non no meaning. I haven't non I, Nana, Nana, Betty or mean you haven't sown on I is the singular informal Nora is the singular form on non event. They is the plural Louis Nana means he hasn't on just like before. The Louis is optional. We only use it when it's not clear as to whether referring to he or she similarly, lay Nana means she hasn't. But you could just say Nana, if it's clear that you're referring to she Paolo, Nana means power. Hasn't we could replace power with any name? No, no abbiamo. No. La abbiamo means we haven't and non on No, no, no and no means they haven't. And all you have to do is put a past participle on the end of any of these negative or they re verbs and you have the negative past tense in Italian. 99. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44f: it's time now to practice what we've learned in this lesson. How do you say in Italian? I haven't finished everything? No, no Finito Teuta? Not enough. Anita Teuta. He hasn't seen Sofia today. None of it starts A theology. Louis Na'vi starts off theology. Carlo hasn't eaten much today because he is ill and the word for much is the same as the word for a lot. Which is multi Carlo non Amanda Automotive. Org There K Carlo Nana Manja Tomato or G R K M A lot They haven't brought any wine. No na na porta Delvin. No, no, no Puerta del vino. We haven't seen this film. It's very good known. Obama visto quest off in a multi one. No, not be a movie star Quest off in a multiple One You haven't drunk the coffee? No Ni Bhutto Cafe non of a Bhutto cafe. Oh, Nana, Betty Before cafe he hasn't made a reservation. Louis Nana Fact on a planet that's the only Louis Nana Fatto When a parent, that's the only she hasn't booked a table for tomorrow. Lay non a printout with have located Nomani Les Nana Printout on travel. Ok, Domani, they haven't learned English? No, no, no. Emperor Tackling lazy No, no, no. Me Barato Linge Lazy Maria hasn't sold the car, Maria. None of in neutral. A maquina Maria known having do Tele Makina. 100. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44g: mother do now? Awesome. Reverse translations. What did these Italian sentences mean in English? No, no. Manja Tomato Chiba org Very case on a multi Naman data motor Chief. Okay, So normal to empanel. I haven't eaten much for you today because I'm very busy, Louis. None of every Giovino Louis know about Giovino. He hasn't drunk any wine. No, no shell toe my maybe at request of in a row. So no, no shell toe mah me Ph request of in a row So I haven't chosen. But I like this red wine. Lay non appraisal A makina. Allow lay non appraisal makina a lot. She hasn't taken the car. It's there. Paolo! Nana Capito Paolo! Nana Capito! Paolo hasn't understood no more pair fella Makina No, no pair Sola Makina. I haven't lost the car. None of the men Takato in your pass. A Porto No, no in maybe 80. No more romantic out doing your part. Support my No, no. In the able yeti. I haven't forgotten my passport, but I don't have my tickets. Louis Nana Fatto Maria Hatamoto Louis Nonaka Toto Maria Hatamoto. He hasn't done everything. Maria did a lot Non Obama fatto una Torta Burke, a abbiamo, demented Cotto known Obama Fat donut or a parquet abbiamo romantic alto. We haven't made a Kate because we forgot Miscenco, Moto, Molly and none of Fatah Latina Missing Tomato Molly and not off after login. I feel very ill, and I haven't made the dinner. 101. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44h: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous essence. How would you say in Italian? The bill is 50 euros. But I don't have any money with me. You can tow Costa Cinquanta. Yo, Yo, Ma. No masala. Deacon, may you can talk or such in quanta or Oh, my No, no solid economy. Can I try the carrots? Postal provided Lechero boss Oprah body like a rock. I'm going to take a taxi to the hotel because it's too far stopper. Brenda Rae Fantastical Albergo. They're k A trouble in town stopper Prenda on Castiel Albergo bear k A trouble in town. Take the first road on the left and then the third row on the right. Brenda Premera strata A sinister a point. Latessa Strata Investor Mendola Premera strata stienstra A boy Latif's Ostrava esta I think the restaurant is fantastic. There may years rant A fantastical There may be restaurant a fantastico. I like the red coat, but I prefer it in orange. Me beatin capital are also my love Briscoe in Alan Tony Me PRT in tapa Toro Rossa My local Briscoe in around Tony do you want to try my wine of oily provided you movie No volley provided in movie? No, I think everybody is very nice there. May on, you know, a motors impractical There May on, you know, a motive. Simpatico. I've caught a terrible cold again. Oh, praise on Cora Roughened oratory. Billy Oh, praise on Cora Ralph Reed or a dairy Billy. It's delicious, but is it good for me? Exquisite toe mah A bone over May exquisite toe mah a bone over May. 102. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44i: now we'll do some Italian to English Recap. Translations? What do these Italian sentences mean? In English? For a ancora? Do a cotillion. Ivorian Cora do able TV that I would like another two bottles of water, please. Lucky Ali Bear Lamia Cameron on funciona. Lucky Avi, Parallel me a camera nor funciona. The key for my room doesn't work. Schools he notice? No, no Ika Really Schools e No, it's only currently Excuse me. Where are the trolleys? Is there a pair, Louis? A cafe? It for me. Is there a pair? Louis? A cafe. Paper me. The tea is for him. On the coffee is for me or the not will Polo player. May my non work another barely award in Otto Impala for me, my nana. Work not overlay. I've ordered the chicken for me, but I haven't told it for you. Misano. Roto, La Gamba Misson nor Apoula. Gamba! I have broken my leg. Oh, on a planet That's Joni in normally, Bianchi. 01 up around. Nazione it in Normally. Bianchi, I have a reservation in the name of Bianchi. Cause a stepper. Comparative for Maria. Gaza stopper. Comprise repair. Maria, what are you going to buy for Maria Quanta Costa, You can't go Quanta Costa. Yukon Toe. How much is the bill? Quietly stopper Shelia quietly stock their shelves. Very. Which one is that again to choose? 103. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44: This is just another quick half lesson to talk about yet another problem that exists in English but not in Italian. And it's to do with the negative past tense. So we've seen how to form elective past tense. For example, non Norman Chapel means I haven't eaten and it's made up off the negative auxiliary verb nano, meaning I haven't on. Then we can put the past participle on the end, man. Genital meaning eaten. But in English, there are two ways to talk about the negative past tense. So in Italian non Normand apple can be translated into English as I haven't eaten or I didn't eat. Thankfully, in Italian, there is only one version. Therefore, no matter whether you want to say I haven't eaten No, I didn't eat. It's always just No, no, man. Yatil. So how would you say I haven't eaten much today? No, no Manja tomato orgy? No, no, man. Data Moto org I didn't eat that yesterday. No, no. My job to quell Arrietty No, no, My job. Okay. Lui Eri, you haven't eating my cake. No Ni manja Ptolemy a torta Non Amanda Ptolemy a torta. Oh, nonevent! Amanda, let me at work. You didn't detail Sofia's house? No, my man. Giotto, that Sophia No, no man Giotto that Sophia or in the plural, non a victim and job So that Sophia he hasn't eaten all the food. Louis Nana, Man, Giotto with Tebow Louis Non Amanda Otto Chemo. He didn't eat a lot yesterday. Louis Non Amanda Automotive Very Louis Non Amanda Automotive. Very. She hasn't eating the pizza here. Lay non Amanda battle a pizza qui lay non Amanda Ottawa pizza qui She didn't eat at the hotel. Les Nana. My job. Well, I'll better go lay non Amanda Otto Albergo. 104. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44: How would you say in Italian? Paolo hasn't eating breakfast. Paolo Non Amanda Protocol Etzioni Paolo Nana Man Jackal. A call Etzioni powered. Indeed. At my house yesterday. Paolo Nana Man Giotto. Damn! A ery paolo non Amanda, toe the Mainieri Maria hasn't eaten. Maria known Amanda Otto Maria known a man. Giotto. Maria didn't eat with us at the restaurant. Maria, not a man. Giotto Co Noi restaurant Maria Non Amanda took annoy restaurant. We haven't eaten today. No, not BMO. My job toward G No, Obama my jacket or G? We didn't eat at this restaurant known Obama man Giotto, Questo restore. And they none of the am Amanda Toe Questo restaurant. They they haven't eaten much ice cream? No, no, no one Giotto Mortadella. No, no, no, man. Giotto Mortadella. They didn't eat at the beach. No, no, no, man. Doubt while espionage. No, no, no, man. Giotto. Espionage. I haven't said everything. No, no, That photo. No, no, that photo. I didn't say no. No, no, that No, no, no. That don't know. 105. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44: How would you say in Italian? You haven't said much? No, my dad Yamamoto. No, not that tomato. Oh, no, no. Betty, That tomato. You didn't say that in Italian? No. My debt, Nana Detto or non event that that Quello in Italiano? I haven't finished that. None often. Ito Cuello. No, no Finito Cuello I didn't finish everything yesterday. No, no Finito Toy! Very no, no Finito! Very You haven't finished no knife. Unique though. No Nothin Ito None of it. If you need toe, you didn't finish the dinner nonlife in. It'll attend. No, nothing. It'll a 10 non of a definite Lacina. He hasn't finished No nothin Ito Oh, Louis! Nana. Finito. He didn't finish that. Not enough you need? Well, no Louis Nana. Finito Cuello. I haven't reserved a table. No, no, no. Tato Cavallo No, No Print out on tableau. I didn't reserve a table because the restaurant isn't very busy. No, no print out on travel. They're que restaurant Non emoto in Penneteau. No, no printout. Want Avenue bear K U restaurant known a motoring Penneteau 106. 3 Minute Italian Lesson 44: How would you say in Italian? I haven't brought power with me. No, no Por battle Power! Look on me! No, no! Por Tato Power! Look on me! I didn't bring power with me! No! Na porta! Top our look on May! No, no por ta ta Power! Look on! May I haven't forgotten. No! No! Demented Catto! No, No! The men! Takato! I didn't forget. No, not the men take after. No! No! Demented Cotto! I haven't chosen the wine. No, No! Shelton Levine! No, no shelter Aravena! I didn't use that for Sofia. No, No shelter Quello! Perry! Sofia! No! No Shelter Quello Perry! Sofia I haven't learned a lot. No knowing burrata. Moto No, no. In burrata moto I didn't learn English. No, no. In Barack. Pulling lazy? No, no! In battling lazy I haven't lost the car. No, no pair Sola Makina. No, no pair Sola Makina. I havent solved the car. No, no windows, Mac, you know No, no in doodle a makina. I haven't seen Paolo. None of these Top Paolo. None of these Top Paolo. I didn't take the train to Milan. No, No praise. Well trained. I Milano No, no praise Will train them in Milan. I haven't slept well. Normal or Mito? Mainly No, not for me to many. I didn't sleep very well. No, not for me. Tomato beignet? No, not or me. Tomato Benny. I didn't understand. Marco. No! No compete America! No! No capital medical.