3 Minute German - Course 6 | Language lessons for beginners | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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3 Minute German - Course 6 | Language lessons for beginners

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

108 Lessons (6h 25m)
    • 1. Introduction to course 6

      1:00
    • 2. 45a - Have you...?

      3:07
    • 3. 45b - he has / has he

      3:27
    • 4. 45c - auxiliary verb

      3:13
    • 5. 45d - question auxiliary verb

      3:17
    • 6. 45e - lesson recap

      3:10
    • 7. 45f - let's practise - English to German

      3:57
    • 8. 45g - let's practise - German to English

      3:21
    • 9. 45h - let's recap - English to German

      4:13
    • 10. 45i - let's recap - German to English

      4:00
    • 11. 45.5a - two ways to translate questions

      2:56
    • 12. 45.5b - have they / did they

      2:39
    • 13. 45.5c - have I / did I

      3:15
    • 14. 45.5d - have you / did you

      3:18
    • 15. 46a - negative questions in the past

      3:25
    • 16. 46b - Haven't you...?

      3:46
    • 17. 46c - negative question auxiliary verbs

      4:01
    • 18. 46d - lesson recap

      3:05
    • 19. 46e - let's practise - English to German

      4:34
    • 20. 46f - let's practise - German to English

      3:14
    • 21. 46g - let's recap - English to German

      4:36
    • 22. 46h - let's recap - German to English

      4:14
    • 23. 46.5a - two ways to translate negative questions

      3:23
    • 24. 46.5b - hasn't Helen / didn't Helen

      3:16
    • 25. 46.5c - haven't they / didn't they

      3:13
    • 26. 46.5d - haven't you / didn't you

      3:18
    • 27. 46.5e - haven't you / didn't you

      2:25
    • 28. 47a - past tense recap

      3:17
    • 29. 47b - auxiliary verb + past participle

      2:15
    • 30. 47c - let's practise - English to German

      4:14
    • 31. 47d - let's practise - German to English

      3:34
    • 32. 47e - let's recap - English to German

      3:33
    • 33. 47f - let's recap - German to English

      3:06
    • 34. 48a - I'm allowed to

      3:34
    • 35. 48b - to do / to make

      3:08
    • 36. 48c - if you want

      3:42
    • 37. 48d - I can't

      3:51
    • 38. 48e - can you?

      3:03
    • 39. 48f - to help

      3:47
    • 40. 48g - to show me

      5:41
    • 41. 48h - show me where

      3:09
    • 42. 48i - show something to somebody

      4:38
    • 43. 48j - to show

      3:12
    • 44. 48k - to tell me

      4:20
    • 45. 48l - to tell me why

      1:47
    • 46. 48m - let's practise - English to German

      4:45
    • 47. 48n - let's practise - German to English

      3:38
    • 48. 48o - let's recap - English to German

      4:29
    • 49. 48p - let's recap - German to English

      3:25
    • 50. 49a - to find

      3:39
    • 51. 49b - found

      3:10
    • 52. 49c - lost

      3:34
    • 53. 49d - I understand

      3:24
    • 54. 49e - I don't understand

      3:35
    • 55. 49f - to speak

      3:34
    • 56. 49g - spoken

      3:20
    • 57. 49h - slow(ly)

      3:11
    • 58. 49i - langsam

      3:21
    • 59. 49j - let's practise - English to German

      3:40
    • 60. 49k - let's practise - German to English

      3:51
    • 61. 49l - let's recap - English to German

      3:53
    • 62. 49m - let's recap - German to English

      3:48
    • 63. 50a - I know

      4:28
    • 64. 50b - I know where

      3:29
    • 65. 50c - I don't know

      4:15
    • 66. 50d - ich weiß nicht

      3:21
    • 67. 50e - do you know

      3:25
    • 68. 50f - I'm sorry

      3:22
    • 69. 50g - Sorry!

      2:09
    • 70. 50h - let's practise - English to German

      4:22
    • 71. 50i - let's practise - German to English

      4:11
    • 72. 50j - let's recap - English to German

      4:33
    • 73. 50k - let's recap - German to English

      3:50
    • 74. 51a - Structure 1 recap

      3:15
    • 75. 51b - Structure 1 as a non-question

      3:22
    • 76. 51c - ich kann

      3:08
    • 77. 51d - ich muss

      3:30
    • 78. 51e - Sie müssen

      3:25
    • 79. 51f - Sie können

      3:25
    • 80. 51g - ich werde

      3:23
    • 81. 51h - "You can eat here"

      4:33
    • 82. 52a - to try

      3:20
    • 83. 52b - anzurufen

      3:22
    • 84. 52c - I have tried

      3:21
    • 85. 52d - I have tried it

      3:56
    • 86. 52e - ihn / sie / es

      4:04
    • 87. 52f - him / her / it

      3:21
    • 88. 52g - I saw him

      3:47
    • 89. 52h - let's practise - English to German

      4:18
    • 90. 52i - let's practise - German to English

      3:36
    • 91. 52j - let's recap - English to German

      4:11
    • 92. 52k - let's recap - German to English

      3:19
    • 93. 53a - I couldn't

      3:20
    • 94. 53b - I wanted

      3:32
    • 95. 53c - I was

      3:23
    • 96. 53d - I wasn't

      3:32
    • 97. 53e - I had

      3:21
    • 98. 53f - I didn't have

      3:19
    • 99. 53g - some / any

      3:25
    • 100. 53h - kein Geld

      4:16
    • 101. 53i - "etwas" or "kein"

      3:16
    • 102. 53j - einige

      3:12
    • 103. 53k - any

      3:05
    • 104. 53l - etwas / einige

      2:50
    • 105. 53m - let's practise - English to German

      4:13
    • 106. 53n - let's practise - German to English

      3:49
    • 107. 53o - let's recap - English to German

      4:35
    • 108. 53p - let's recap - German to English

      4:10
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to “3 Minute German - Course 6” The aim of this course is to make German accessible to anybody regardless of age, educational background or "aptitude" for learning. This course leads on from "3 Minute German – Courses 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5" and new language structures are introduced to enable you to communicate in more situations when on holiday abroad.


My method for teaching German is simple but effective. It works for anybody, no matter what your requirements. I have been teaching foreign languages for over ten years and I’ve taught a wide range of students of all ages and backgrounds, including students with learning difficulties, so I know my method is accessible to absolutely anyone, with no exception.


With this course, it’s almost as if you have your very own language tutor at your beck and call. Take it with you wherever you are and have a quick listen to one of the lessons whenever you find yourself with three minutes to spare. You will be amazed at how much your language skills will develop after just a few minutes a day of study. You will start to learn the German language in a simple, logical and fun way.
You will learn a variety of words that you will learn to put together to form sentences that will be useful in any visit to Germany or any other German speaking country, and you'll learn how to put the words together to form sentences, saying exactly what you want.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction to course 6: Hello, hello, and welcome to three-minute German course six. This course contains lessons 45 to 53, and it follows on from Course 5. Just like before, you can work through this course in three minute chunks. Remember that if you keep your study time to just three minutes, you will maintain your enthusiasm for learning German. Your learning will become a daily habit that's easy to maintain. And you'll find that you remember new information much more easily. Before you start this course, make sure you're familiar with all the words and phrases that we learned in three-minute German causes 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, as we'll be using it all throughout this course too. I hope you enjoy happy learning. 2. 45a - Have you...?: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German? I haven't or I didn't have any SJD. You haven't Oh, you didn't DO has to meet or Z haven't neat. He hasn't or he didn't. I had finished. She hasn't or she didn't. Z hat knee. Pull hasn't or pull didn't. Paul has finished? We haven't or we didn't finished. They haven't, or they didn't. Harbin nourished. In this lesson, we'll add a little more to the past tense questions in the past tense. So a few lessons ago, we learned how the past was made up of two parts. For example, in gasoline, in digestion, which means I have eaten. We have the auxiliary verb, meaning I have, and then the past participle into gesehen, which means eaten. So if Harvard Augustan means I have eaten, and then we learn that you can make this negative. Then now you can make this negative. If Harvard nicotinic acid means I haven't eaten, we have a negative auxiliary verb, a hub finished, which means I haven't, and the same past participle to guessing meaning eaten. In this lesson, we're going to look at how to ask questions in the past, ask questions in the past, and it's really pretty simple. All you have to do is change the auxiliary verb around smiley. Have a look at this example. Harbin, Zp gesehen haben segues. It means have you eaten Harbin segues? And so it's made up of actin. So it's made up of a question, auxiliary verb, Harbin z, which means have you, and a past participle to guessing, which means eaten. So Harbin, Z to gesehen, have you eaten? You can put any past participle on the ends of hub and z. And you have a question in Z, and you have a question in the past tense. So how would you say in German, have you ordered Harbin ZBrush dealt Harbin Xunzi, which dealt, sorry, just use Harbin z, which is the auxiliary verb, meaning have you. 3. 45b - he has / has he: How do you say in German, have you eaten? Happens the gesehen haben Z, I guess. Have you reserved hub and z happens the other Viet. So all you have to do to make an auxiliary verb into a question Is the verb with the subject. For example, Z haven't means you have and Harbin z means have you. So it's the same in German as it is in English. You can do the same to change any of the auxiliary verbs into their quick question versions. For example, a hat. A hat means he has and hot air. Hot air means has he. So how would you say in German? Has he ordered? Had dealt. Had dealt. Has he Eaton had had gesehen. Has he reserved? Hot air has a bit. So we've seen that hub and z means have you, and hat means has he. But we can use any auxiliary verb in the question form. Let's go through the list of all the question of the reverbs in German. Harbor. Hawaii means have I has to do has to do. Have you had to air hot air? Has he had z hat z? Has she had had power. Means has pull, haben, wir haben via have we helped ear to ear? Have you have and Z have an x0 means have you. And Harbin z can also mean have, hey, don't forget the three different ways to say you in German are due, which is the informal thing. Here is the informal plural, and z is the formula for the singular and the plural. 4. 45c - auxiliary verb: So we've just seen the auxiliary verb in German for questions. Harvey, meaning have I has to, have you. Had hat. Means has he had a z? Has she had power? Has pole. Haben, wir haben via means have we have the ear up to a year? Means have you, hub and Z have an x0. Means have you have you again. And Harbin Z have an x0 means have VA. In speaking, you can't have a difference between Harbin z, meaning have you and having z meaning Have they been in writing? Harbin z, when it means have you has a capital S for the Z. And if Hub and z means have way, it's a lowercase S in front of the word z. And then don't forget the three different ways as they have You are hast, du, which is the informal singular. Have the year is the informal plural. And Harbin z is the formal. And that can be used if you're talking to one person or more than one person. So Harbin z is the formal way to say have you. And I would recommend that you use this way in most situations, unless your clear that you're speaking to somebody who definitely won't mind you using the informal way of saying, have you. How would you ask in German, have I eaten? Habe, gesehen? Haben, wir gesehen. Have you eaten? Has to do gesehen. Haben, wir gesehen haben Sie mussen. Has he Eaton? Had to guess than had I guess. Has she eaten? Hat z? Hat z, JSON. Has pole Eaton had pounded lesson, had to guess. 5. 45d - question auxiliary verb: How would you ask in German, has Maria Eaton? Had had have we eaten haben wir gesehen? Haben wir gesehen. Have they eaten? Haben Z gesehen, haben Zika. Guess. How would you say in German? Have I waited? Have a good have you waited? Have to erase it. How has he waited? Had to aggravate it. Had it has she waited? Had voted out. It has pulled weighted, has power. It has Helen weighted. Had had Helen got it. Have we waited to happen via Got it. Having via go voted. Have a weighted haven't voted. 6. 45e - lesson recap: How would you say in German? Have I ordered? Have you ordered? It? Has He ordered? And it has shielded. It had it has pulled ordered, has published. It has power, but still it has Helen ordered. Had Helen which state? Had Helen? Have we ordered haben wir haben via have they ordered Haben Sie, haben ZBrush, tell it. So in this lesson, we've had harbor. Much means have I has to have the ear. And Harbin Z or mean have you. You use hast du when you're speaking to one person informally. You use halved ear when you're speaking to more than one person informally. And you can use Harbin Z if you're speaking formally to one person or more than one person? We had had at air. Which means has he had z? Means, has she had power, means it has pole. And you can change the name to animate the ones who had malaria, for example, means has Maria haven't via means halfway. And haben wie means have veins. 7. 45f - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German, in the singular informal? Have you ordered some wine? Has to bind, which tell it, has to wine which tell it. Have you reserve a table for tonight using the informal plural. Helped ear to ear Island teach, go into R7, which has Maria understood everything that Maria Alice fish tendon had. Maria Alice. Has he seen the car? How to add us out? Augustine? Has this out Augustine. Have we done tomorrow? Having via Alice for more than the market? Having via Alice can MAFFT have the tickets for the train. Having Z Descartes and Fudenosuke, Naaman, having Zhi De cotton fields. Have you made dinner using the formal way of saying you asking gemacht haben Z does advertising gemacht hat, she lost the key for the room. Had z then Schlissel, fetus CMA for Lohan has the dens little fetus sigma for Lohan has pulled, bought the house, had powders house, the caliphs had power does house because had they chosen the wine, Haben Sie Dann, haben Sie Denn vine. Good. 8. 45g - let's practise - German to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? Have a Ferguson. Have I forgotten something? Had Cloud atmosphere doesn't meet our guests. Had Cloud atmosphere does meet, I guess has closed, brought something for lunch. Having Z IN OUT or glucose. Harbin Z IN OUT or glucose. Have they bought a car? How to add alt? Hot air? Scientist? Has he chosen anything interesting? Has to be gone in. This is the same as saying, Have you started as ten o'clock? Haven't? Haven't. Have we taken both key to ear, Alice gemacht. Have you done everything happens. The sphingosine happens is this is fitting cuisine. Have they seen this film? Had Zidane cafe, dame cafe, good token. She drank the coffee. Has the highest specification. Has to the eyes the PESTLE Ferguson. Have you forgotten the passports? 9. 45h - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in German? I don't have the tickets with me. Mittmedia. D. Cotton MittMedia. Is it very far from here? Is this right? Here? Is this one here? Is it possible for me to try the wine? Is this super Bian filmic supervillain. Excuse me, There's no television in my room. Escaped, kind of skipped kinda, and family. There are always lots of things to see in Berlin. Escape the MFA, the Dinka in Berlin. Suzanne is give the EMF field thing or imbalanced Suzanne. What do you want to buy for breakfast tomorrow? Using the formal way of saying you took Morgan Morgan Calvin. I'm going to do that tomorrow. If vetted as Morgan Machen, das Morgan makin. Do you have any postcards of the city using the singular informal way of saying you have to post cotton for Nash that has two postcard infant deaths that where are the souvenirs? I would like to buy something from Berlin from Eileen for my mother. Wasn't as souvenirs. Battling for minor motor. Calvin wasn't the souvenirs. Often. There is a good restaurant here. And here. Escaped a hand here. 10. 45i - let's recap - German to English: Let's now do some German to English recap translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? Skipped high-end found in the summer. For me is the soup line, a skipped island fancier in them Sima, our buffer is supine. There is a television in the room, but I think it's too small. And literally in Germany, you have to say, I think he is to cause the television is a masculine noun. Escaped einem zu marked in the nephron here is skipped. Iceland supermarket in the near phone here. There's a supermarket near here. Vasculitis in Stuttgart fields five open to makin basket tests in Stuttgart felt S5 or consumer can. What is that to do in stood out for two weeks. Vesta and einen border. On the island buddha. I have a sister and a brother. Kinda cuisines. Kinda cuisines. I don't have any cuisines. Thus. Thus by lipid anchor. That was delicious. Thank you. Then here, extend here, guessing on the fly should restate it here. Gesehen wouldn't mind the flies which staged. I am here yesterday and I ordered the Pogue. Voting z That's gleich. Voluntary does glycogen, which Dylan D1 to order the same thing as me. Knock einen economy and not ionize Iyengar Franklin. I've caught another cold. Maria on the atropine, which mafia? On the each bin Whittaker think Maria was very ill yesterday and today. 11. 45.5a - two ways to translate questions: Now, this is just a quick lesson to talk about a little problem that exists in English, but not in German. Questions in the past. Hopefully, you've now grasped how to ask questions in the past. In German, happens the guessing means, have you eaten? It's made up of a question auxillary verb Harbin z, meaning have you, and then a past participle. In this case, the lesson, meaning eaten. This is all fine and dandy in German, but in English, we have two ways to talk about the past tense in questions. The phrase hub and z to gesehen can be translated into English either as have you eaten or did you eat. So in English there are always two ways. Whereas in German, that's just one way to talk about the past. So what would be the two to translate this question into English? Hobbes. Hobbes, have I eaten? Or did I eat? Has has, has to. Have you eaten or did you eat? Hot egg gesehen? Hat. Has he eaten? Or did he eat? Hat z? Hat, z hat she eaten. Or the cheat? Had part of the lesson. Had gesehen, has Paul eaten? Or did Pollit? Had Helen Ferguson? Had Helen guessing as Helen eaten? Or did Helen eat? Haben wir gesehen? Haben wir gesehen. Have we eaten? Or did we eat? 12. 45.5b - have they / did they: What would be the two ways to say in English, Z could gesehen, haben Z gesehen. Have they eaten? Or did they eat? How they did it? Have I waited. Oh, did I wait? Have to eat it. Have to eat it. Have you waited or did you wait? Eg of art it had it. Has he waited? Or did he wait? Hat z hat, z hat. She waited. Or did she weight? Has power goes out. It had power. It has pole weighted or did pull weight. Had hailing of art. It had Helen CVD. It has Helen weighted audit hadn't wait. Haben wir haben via Got it. Have we waited? Did we wait? Has to go about it, has to give out it. Did you wait or have you waited? 13. 45.5c - have I / did I: What would be the two ways to say in English? But Gonen, have in have I started? Oh, did I start having ZB Gonen? Gonen. Have used dotted or did you stopped? Had to learn how to add the Gonen? Has he started or did he start? Hat z? Hat, z hat she started or did she stopped? Had begun in halves power going in. Has postdoc did it pulls dot n hat. Helen has hadn't started. Did have installed happen via Baconian? Haven't via the Gonen. Have we started or did we start? Haben Sie haben ZB Gonen? Have they started or did they start? In tissue has a V. It has to have you book the table. Or did you book a table? Have to eat a pound for pound gemacht. Did you bring poll? Or have you brought poll? 14. 45.5d - have you / did you: What are the two different ways that you could translate each of these sentences into English? Has to Ferguson, has to Ferguson. Have you forgotten? Or did you forget how to eat covalent? Have to have your chosen. Oh, did you choose how busy but sollte happens EBIT sound. Have you paid or did you pay? Has told us out of Milan has to less outro follow one. Have you lost the car or did you lose the call? Haben Z does outlook helped? Have you bought the car? Or did you buy the car? Happens, it happens. Ego Tolkien. Have you drunk? Or did you drink? Has to gemacht. Has to gemacht. Have you done did you do have to have to eat pallidus in have you seen pool? Did you see pole? Bus has to gunman. What have you taken or what did you take? Take? Half, eagle end, helped ear gland. Have you learned or did you learn? Happens if you're standing? Haven't seen. Have you understood or did you understand? 15. 46a - negative questions in the past: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German, have I, or did I have an EQ? Have you? Or did you, if you're speaking informally in the singular, has to have you or did you, if you're speaking informally in the plural, have do you how do you say have you or did you, if you're speaking formally? Haben z. Has he or did he had air? Has she did she had Z? Has pole or did Paul had power? Have we or did we have in here? Have they, or did they have NZ? In this lesson, we'll add a little more to the past tense. We're going to be looking at negative questions in the past tense. So a few lessons ago, we learned how the past-tense was made up of two parts. For example, in the phrase gesehen, which means I have eaten, we have a gaba, which is an auxiliary verb, meaning I have. And then the gesehen is the past participle, meaning eaten. We also learned that you can make the auxiliary verb negative simply by putting me after it. It Carboniferous, guessing, I haven't eaten. And that's made up of eHarmony dt, which is negative auxiliary verb, meaning I haven't. And the gesehen, which is the past participle, meaning eaten. And then we've just learned that you can put it into a question. Carbons IGA guessing means, have you eaten? That's made up of the auxiliary verb in the question form, Harbin z, meaning have you, and the past participle lesson, which means eaten. Well now we're going to look at how to make it into a negative question. Or you have to do is take the question of the reverb and put the word nicht after it happens in next lesson. Happens in next lesson means haven't eaten. It's made up of haben Sie nicht, which is the negative question auxiliary verb, meaning haven't you. And then the guessing. The past participle meaning eaten. So happens the miffed means haven't you. So how would you say haven't you ordered? Happens, it happens the next pitch dealt. Haven't you eaten? Haven't enough. Gesehen haben the next lesson. 16. 46b - Haven't you...?: How would you say in German, haven't reserved Haben Sie nicht? Haben Sie nicht has a Viet. So you have to do is put the word nicht after the question of the reverb and you have a negative question in the past tense in German. For example, Harbin z means have you and Haben Sie nicht means haven't you? You can do the same thing to change any of the question of reverbs into their negative question varies. For example, hat means has he had eher nicht means hasn't he? So how would you say in German? Hasn't he ordered had to air mix hotel next? Wished it. Hasn't she Eaton had Z nicht kitten had Z. Haven't. Reserved. Happens. It happens. You need to have it. Let's now have a look at all the negative question off the reverbs that we can add passport decibels to the end of in German. Habe ich nicht. Have a technique means haven't Tai has finished. Has to nicht. Haven't you? Had any hat n east? Hasn't. He? Had zenith, had Xenia. Hasn't. She? Has power, nist has power leaked. Hasn't pull, pull. Haven't vanished, haven't vanished. Haven't we? Have Ian, happy and East. Haven't you? Haven't finished? Haven't finished, haven't you? And husbands east can also mean haven't they? So how would you say in German, haven't I eaten? Habe ich nicht mehr gesehen. Haben nicht digoxin. Haven't you eaten? You could either say has to meet gesehen haben. Wir gesehen haben Sie nicht mehr gesehen. How would you say, hasn't he eaten? Hot hot air? 17. 46c - negative question auxiliary verbs: How would you say in German, hasn't she Eaton. Had Z mixed gesehen haben Sie nicht caisson. Hasn't pull Eaton had had nicht gesehen, hasn't haven't eaten. Had Helen had Helen nicotine? Haven't we eaten? Haben wir gesehen. Haben wir gesehen haben they eaten. Happens. The next lesson. Happens, the next lesson. Haven't I waited about it? How did have a new weighted has to have the ear. It happens in Excavata. It hasn't he waited. Egn 8 granted. Had any good at it? Hasn't she waited. Hat z hat z. Nicotine gum out. It hasn't pulled weighted. Had power, we need to convert it. Had nicked comes out. It hasn't had unweighted. Had Helen nicked. It? Had Helen next carotid. Haven't we waited. Haben wir nicht. Haben wir nicht. Granted. Haven't they waited? Happens in Excavata. It happens he needed to combat it. Haven't I started habit. You have a technique. 18. 46d - lesson recap: How would you say in German, haven't you started? Has to mix began in or have to index began in. What happens the next beginning? Hasn't he started hat n? Hat n? Hasn't she started. Next. We're going to have Z hasn't pulled started. Had had power, hasn't hadn't started. Had Helen Helen needs to be Gonen. Haven't restarted. Viennese began to happen via haven't they started happens in XB konnen, Haben Sie nicht beginning. So we've had an adolescent habe ich nicht, meaning have haven't Tai has to nicht, haben ja nicht, and Haben Sie nicht. All mean haven't you had any means? Hasn't he? Had zenith? Means hasn't she had power shift, hasn't pull. Haben wir nicht, haven't we? And Haben Sie nicht means haven't they? And then you can put any past participle on the end of any of those negative auxiliary verbs in the question format. And you get negative questions in the past tense in German. 19. 46e - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German, haven't made chosen happens in mixed covalent, happens unique event. Haven't we started having via an expert on in haben wir nicht buchen in hasn't seen hundreds. Had Helen Helen, Nick Thomas given, haven't eaten today. Has to do gesehen haben ja nicht gesehen haben wir gesehen haben, you tried the orange juice. It's delicious. Has to then a 100 years after next populate as lacquer. So we say in this sentence, Air East instead of S is because a 100 and SAFT is a masculine noun. So literary and Gemini say he is delicious. So then a hundreds of nicht problem that air is lacquer and you can change, has to do to have to eat or haven't seen how would you say hasn't he ordered any red wine? Had a hotline, nicht percent, had a hotline Nikesh end. Or in the sentence you could also use the word kind, had to add kind, heart, fine, Vishal, it hasn't she told Paul. I have seen it's Powers Act. Has the mix powders Act. Hasn't Martin seen this film? Had martin doesn't feel nice. Hello Martin. Decent film. Cuisine. Haven't they paid the bill? Haven't Zhi De hike Nanga nicht haben Sie da haben. We hide the car for two weeks. Having via does our field is 50 kann nicht committed. Haben wir das outdoor fields 50 connect, committed. 20. 46f - let's practise - German to English: What we'll do now are some reverse translations. What do these jemand sentences mean in English? Have IQ, Alice meets me, a nice co-pilot. Have an EQ, Alice Smith, me, I haven't type wrote everything with me. Has diminished. Next, gunman had to add the milk. Nicht Gilman hasn't taken the milk. Having via Alice needs to put salt happen via Alice mixed basalt. Haven't we paid for everything? Has to add in tissue. It has two ion and tissue. Yet. Haven't you reserve a table for tonight? So Phoenix meat powder spoken, have Sophie needs to meet public is spoken. Hasn't SIP spectrum with Paul. Having this nice gesehen haben is the Alice nicht mehr gesehen haben. They eat and everything. Had to see the initialise to fit in significant. Hasn't she found the key for the room? Had to pass a nicht follow-on, have to add the need for Lohan. Hasn't he lost the passports? Happened via to feel having VMs to feel nice. Haven't we brought to MOOC has to has to meet that Scotland. Haven't you learn that? 21. 46g - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in German? May I buy the same thing as Hugo? Hugo Calvin. Calvin. Excuse me. How much is it for two weeks? Five Balkan. And surely the field is. Why Balkan. Take the exit towards Hamburg at the Roundabout. Not humble. Name and Humbug. These carrots. Absolutely terrible. Ganz. Ganz. Frankly, I've caught a cold again. The habe mir noch einen economy and noch ein I killed from undefined going. I'm not going to hire a car because the boss is always very good. Then there is a unique meeting. Then they up in the air boost is I'm going to try something German today. I would like a big television because this television is too small for me. Then is to climb for me. Economic data item goes on Tanzania. Then d is a founds, there is time for me. Where is the train station? Who is the A-band voice? Day Bonhoeffer. I would like to room with a balcony, please. Meets Bitcoin better. It makes. 22. 46h - let's recap - German to English: Now let's do some German to English recap translations. What are these German sentences mean in English? And thus meet Augustine is the image of S is our year. And thus myTag Essen is the MSI. Good of S is Alexandria. The lunch is always very good, but it's also very expensive. The hyde song in my name, Sima funktioniert nicht, the height song in meinem. Similar funktioniert nicht. The heating in my room doesn't work. I mean, if I would like to return to get to Berlin. The address at this Hotels is the hotel's fancy egg. The hotel's address is 20 darkest HOSA. Phase a, phase B, the Harbin. Can I have two copies, please? Oh, hobo Volcker. Paul Volcker. It's €5 per watt hours per week. Then horde fine, fine, fine. Before to get the advice vine. I like the red wine, but I prefer the white line. Ein bisschen. Ein bisschen colors of us. I would like something a bit bigger. Can either has to end Dann kann. Man down. Can I change my reservation, please? It's for three people now. Hemifield high, next to a 100 Viet. Has a Viet. I've booked a room for 39. 23. 46.5a - two ways to translate negative questions: Negative questions in the past. Now this is just another one of those quick half lessons to talk about yet another little problem that exists in English, but not in German. If we look at the negative questions in the past 10 cents, for example, Haben Sie nicht mehr gesehen. Haben Sie nicht mehr gesehen, which means, haven't you eaten? You'll see is made up of a negative question. Auxiliary verb happens in nicht, meaning haven't you, and a past participle to gesehen, meaning eaten. The trouble is, in English, there are two different ways to talk about the past tense. So happens in next lesson can be translated as, haven't you eaten or didn't do eat locally in German, that's just one way. So let's have a quick practice. All of the different way. Say things in English. How would you say in German, haven't I eaten? Habe gesehen? Haben nicht gesehen. Didn't I eat? Have a nicotinic gesehen. Haben ja nicht gesehen. Haven't you eaten? Has to meet the gesehen. Haben, wir gesehen haben. The next lesson. Didn't you eat? Has to meet the gesehen haben wir nicht, good lesson. Harvard's the next lesson. Hasn't he eaten hot? Edison had a mixed gesehen. Didn't he eat? Hat n, hat n nicht gaseon. What would be the two different ways to say in English, hat z. Hat z. Next lesson. Hasn't she eaten or didn't she eat? What would be the two ways to say had Paula next guest has power nicotine, nicotine Ferguson hasn't bulletin. Didn't Paul eat? 24. 46.5b - hasn't Helen / didn't Helen: What would be the two ways to say in English, had Helen nicotine Ferguson had Helen. Next lesson. Hasn't, it hasn't, haven't eaten or didn't have an IIT. Haben wir nicht gesehen. Haben wir gesehen. Haven't we all didn't we eat? Happens the next gesehen, haben Sie nicht, good. Gaston. Haven't eaten or didn't they eat? It? Haven't I waited. Oh, didn't tie weight. Has to has to next carotid. Haven't you waited or didn't new weight? Had had? It? Hasn't he waited or didn't see what? The next granted hat z. Hasn't she waited or didn't she weight? Had had it. Hasn't whole weighted or didn't pull weight. Had Helen nicht nicht GVD. It hasn't Helen weighted. Who didn't have him wait. Haven't been excavated happen via next? Haven't we waited? Or didn't we wait? 25. 46.5c - haven't they / didn't they: What would be the two different ways to say in English happens in Excavata. It happens in Excavata. It haven't they waited or didn't they wait? How they haven't had begun. Oh, didn't I begin? Has to has to Nick's. Haven't you begun or didn't you begin to n hat n exponent? Hasn't he begun? Or didn't he begin at z hat z and x? Hasn't she'd be gone or didn't she begin? Hasn't pulled begun or didn't pull begin? Had Helen Helen hasn't hadn't begun or didn't have him begin? Yes. Nick's began to happen via Nicky. Haven't we be gone? Or didn't we begin? Happens the next happens the next big Gonen. Haven't they begun or didn't they begin? In speaking, hub and z began on could also be happened ubiquinone or didn't put in writing. If you see that it has a lowercase S, then the z can earn the mean value. 26. 46.5d - haven't you / didn't you: What would be the two different ways that you can translate this sentence into English? Has a Viet, have to EA, ion and teach Nixon has a Viet. Haven't you received a table or didn't you reserve a table? Haben haben Sie mit denen next. Haven't you bro, poll with you? Or didn't you bring poll with you? Has to meet Ferguson. Has to Nick's Ferguson. Haven't you forgotten or didn't you forget? You have to eat. Haven't you chosen or didn't you choose? Has to meet Helen next guest. Has to meet Helen next misspoken. Haven't used spoken with Helen. Didn't you speak with Helen? With Helen? Have to eat us out or Nick's for Lohan. Have to eat. Haven't you lost the car? Didn't you lose the car? Haben Sie das nicht. Haben Sie das outro. Next kickoff. Haven't used or didn't you sell the car? Has to has to meet good Tolkien. Haven't you drunk or didn't you drink? 27. 46.5e - haven't you / didn't you: What would be the two different ways to translate? Husbands index gemacht. Haven't you done, or didn't you do? In actual fact, this sentence could have four different ways to translate, because gemacht comes from the web makin, which can mean to do automatic. So it could also be, Haven't you made or didn't you make? How about happy Apollo, next exam? Have to e power x cosine, cosine. Haven't you seen pool didn't use the pool. Has to mix. Has to have a new taken. Oh, didn't you take the exclaimed, have to eat it. Haven't you learned or didn't you learn? Happens in London. London. Haven't you understood or didn't you understand? 28. 47a - past tense recap: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German, haven't I? Didn't I have a technique. How would you say, haven't you or didn't you, if you're speaking in the singular informal, has to 10k, haven't you? Or didn't you in the plural, informal. Happy and neat. How would you say, haven't you or didn't you in the formal happens It hasn't he didn't he had any XD. Hasn't she or didn't she had seen it. Hasn't pole or didn't Paul had powerline it haven't we we didn't we haven't vanished. Haven't they? Or didn't they? Happens in eight, the past tense. Let's have a recap lesson of the past tense and bring everything together. Let me also just tell you now that there is another name for this past-tense that we've been learning. The correct grammatical name for this tense is the present perfect tense. And now it seems weird to have attempts called the present perfect when it's talking about the past. But that's what it's called. Will look a bit more of a different names for tenses in a later lesson. But for now, just know that this past tense can also be called the present perfect tense. And basically it's made up of two parts. In German. However, you can change the first part, which is the auxiliary verb, say a variety of different things. Each day. Gesehen, haben wir gesehen means I have eaten. And that's made up of an auxiliary verb, which means I have, and a past participle to gesehen, meaning eaten. It, haben nicht, gesehen, haben nicht Gaston. This. This is the negative past tense, is made up of a negative auxiliary verb. Eharmony, meaning I haven't. And again, the past participle, big lesson, which is eaten, carbon z, gesehen haben Z. Guessing. That's a question in the past, it means 10, and it's made up of a question auxiliary verb, Harbin z, which means have you. And again, the same past participle to gesehen, meaning eaten. And finally, a negative question in the past, Haben Sie nicht gesehen haben. The next lesson means happened you eaten. And it's made up of a negative question auxiliary verb happens in east, and that means, haven't you. And then a past participle, the guessing, which means eaten. 29. 47b - auxiliary verb + past participle: We also learned that there are two different ways to say the same thing in the past tense in English, but in Germany, They have to worry about that. If you take an auxiliary verb such as Du hast, which means you have, you can put any past participle on the end. For example, du hast guessing means you have eaten or do harvest began in? You have begun or Du hast GVD it you have waited. Well, all of those could mean three different things. Do has to Gaston could be you do have to pick on you began or do you have to convert it? You waited. In the negative. Du has nicked means you haven't, or it can also mean you didn't. So du, nicht guessing can mean you haven't eaten or you didn't need to have nicked by Gonen. You haven't begun or you didn't do has nicked of art it you haven't waited or you didn't wait. In a question, you change the auxiliary verb to something like has to, has to mean have you, or it can also mean did you has to gesehen. Have you eaten? Or did you eat? Has to be gone and have you begun or did you begin? Has to go vote it. Have you waited? Or did you wait? And then we can make negative questions by using a negative auxiliary verb. For example, has two nicht means haven't you, or it can also mean didn't do. And again, you can put any past participle on the end of that. Has to do next lesson. Haven't you eaten? Has to Nick's beginning, haven't you begun? Has to Nick's covert it. Haven't you waited? Or they can mean didn't do. Has to gesehen, didn't you eat? Has to Nick's Buchanan. Didn't you begin has to nicht covert it. Didn't you wait. 30. 47c - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German? She bought the car? Z hat? Does our token calved z hat dass, das outlook helped. We have lost the card via Harbin, Dick Carter for Lohan, the Dakota for Lauren. I booked a table for everybody. Anth Fourier domain has a Viet Minh has a Viet. They didn't make a reservation. The Harbin either has a fee. Nicht zu haben nicht. Have you seen poll today? Has to do with the power magazine or magazine or happens the hotel. Haven't they paid the bill? Haven't z d. Z d. Next bit sound. Helen didn't drink much wine. Helen had nicked field vine, getToken. Helen had nicked field vine, good Tonkin. Did pull on the Sun. The English had power does English for stand-in. How does English freestanding? Didn't you learn which today has two nicht field gland? Have the next field, the land, Haben Sie, nicht, feel guilty and we didn't bring any food, but we've ordered a pizza via haben es nicht zu haben wir haben. Wir haben es nicht zu haben wir haben, either pizza or in this sentence, instead of saying, we haven't brought food. And you can say via haben kein S and we have brought no food. 31. 47d - let's practise - German to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these Jamie sentences mean in English? For gesehen haben nicht Ferguson. I didn't forget. Has to guess down here. It has to guess then he'll go about it. Did you wait here yesterday? Yesterday? Van has to run has to decoding the calved. When did you buy the tickets? To embedding? Embedding for packet? You spent a week in Berlin and to spend in German as in to spend time is fear behind going. This is our target. Then Ss course, inhabit these outlook developed. Then S is because I chose this car because it's big. Power dusk is in has seen that. I didn't understand. Is you haven't guessed then here the gesehen haben guest Dan here, I guess. They ate here yesterday. Having the Naaman. Did they take the train to S and S and she brought food or she brought some food. 32. 47e - let's recap - English to German: Now let's do some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in German? I'm going to change it. That as n as n down. Do you want to try something, Jamie? It is very good. As this zygote. The zygote. The car is too small. And thus outdoor souk line does Alto is to Kline. I like that. Go straight on and the shop is on. The left. Shift is the outdoor Lincoln's iter. On Dusko shift is auf den Lincoln's ITA. My breakfast is delicious. I have made a reservation. It's $0.70. I'm not going today. Nick Twitter. Twitter. 33. 47f - let's recap - German to English: Now let's do some jam into English recap translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? Not Deutschland. Deutschland, Germany tomorrow. 99. No, it isn't for her mind, how can I have some great, vast, vast Lincoln? What can I drink? Voice their Bonhoeffer. Where's the train station? How does the island horizontal? Ok. Ok. Good. Are you tired? I liked the wine. Ambition, mal ein bisschen mehr button. A bit more pleased. Act. It's eight o'clock. 34. 48a - I'm allowed to: Here's a very useful phrase in German. It can. Can. It means icon. If can't. Quite a while ago we did learn the phrases, can eat. And daffy. Can eq means Kanai, and daffy means may I? Well, you can switch them both around to get non questions. This is easy with Kant because Kant means Kanai and it can means icon. Several works the same in German as it does in English. But with daffy is a little bit trickier. So daffy means may II. But if staff doesn't mean I may, IQ DAF means I'm allowed to or I'm supposed to. In German, you tend to see if staff a lot more in the negative. So it can means icon. And if staff means I am allowed to or I'm supposed to, if we make those negative, we get if kann nicht, which means I can't, and if Daphnia, which means I'm not allowed to or I'm not supposed to. So how would you say in German, I'm not allowed to eat out. If staff das nicht, das nicht Essen. And usually in German, the word nicht comes after dusk or S. So if you have the word it or the word that in a sentence, then usually the wir nicht comes after it. How would you say I'm not allowed to buy it because it's too expensive. If dass es nicht Calvin, then S is 22 year. If dass es nicht Calvin then S is tutorial. There's a useful thing to note about a phrase. If can, you can use it with a language to say that you can speak that language. You don't need to say I can speak German. In German. You simply say I can German. So you would say, if can Deutsche, it can-do each. And that means I can speak German literally, it means I can German. It can English. It can English. This means I can speak English. So you haven't got to use the verb sprechen. You can just say it can. And then the language. If you want to say that you don't speak the language, you simply say, I can know German. It can kind, which it can do each. And that literally means icon, know German. So kind means no, as in not any. But you can use, it can kind Doidge to mean I can't speak German. Similarly, it can kinda English. It can tie in English, means I can't speak English. 35. 48b - to do / to make: We've had this next way before. And we let that it means to make, but it has a second meaning, Machen. Machen. It can also mean to do so. Malkin can mean to make or to do. So. How would you say in German, I can do that so that it can thus Machen, kann das Machen. I can do it. If 10 is Machen. I'm not allowed to do it. If I can do that tomorrow. Does Morgan makin? It can thus Morgan. Can I do it tomorrow? Can EKS Morgan Machen, kann ich es Morgan makin. So daffy can mean may i, but you can also translate it as, am I allowed to say May I or am I allowed to you? How would you say then? I'm I allowed to do it tomorrow. Morgan Morgan. Morgan makin. I can do it tomorrow, but I can't do it today. It can. It can is Morgan Machen kann es nicht. 36. 48c - if you want: This is a nice phrase that you can use to be extra polite in German. Then z volun, then z volume. It means if you want, then z volume. So then means if and then z volume means you want. So how would you recommend I can do it tomorrow if you want. It can as Morgan Mac and then the volume, it kinda is Morgan Mac and Vensim Olin. I can go now if you want. It can yet again when x1, again when the volume, I can hire a car if you want. It can IN, OUT or meet inventive Olin. It can IN OUT or mitten benzene toluene. So we've seen that you can plunk Vinci volun on the end of any sentence. And it means if you want. However, you can also put it at the start of a sentence, just like become an English. The thing you need to remember though, is that if you put Vensim Olin at the start of a sentence in German, it acts in the same way as phil mean. You have to switch the next two words around. More specifically, the verb needs to be the word that comes straight up after Venezia volume. So you can either say if tan as Machen then z volun, it Kinase math invented the volun, which means I can do it if you want. But if you put Ben's Ebola and at the start you get Vensim fallen. Kann es Machen. When Z volun can eke as Machen. So you say can eat rather than it can. And that means if you want, I can do it. So how would you say in German, if you want, I can make it for you. Van Eyck, as fills the Machen. Kann es Machen. If you want, I'll wait here. Vensim Olin, very clear button, then z1 here button. So I will wait here if they order here button. But because we've put Renzi volume at the start, then it becomes Verdi. Wednesday volun, Verdi e Here button. If you want, I will wait here. 37. 48d - I can't: How would you say in German, Can I go there tomorrow? Morgan? Panic mode, hint gain. The adjective important is the fatigue in German spelled wi, C, H, T, G. And it literally means weighty wichtig, but it translates into English as important. So how would you say in German, and when can I say something important? Can eat at fast, victorious zymogen, victory zymogen. So don't forget that when you use the word et vos, meaning something and you want to put an adjective after it. The adjective has to have a capital letter and an S on the end. So Victor egg becomes victorious at VK degas, something important. The phrase, it is the opposite of it. Can. It means icon or I cannot. So how would you say in German, I can't see it. It can sneak Zn if kann es nicht seine. So we've had an adolescent psych far it can. Which means icon is DAF means I'm allowed to or I'm supposed to. If Daphne means I'm not allowed to or I'm not supposed to. Makin means to do or to make van Z volun means if you want and if you put benzene and at the start of a sentence in German is switched the verb around with the subject. And it can lead means icon. How would you say in German? I can't do it now. Nicht Machen, kann es jetzt nicht Machen. I can't understand poll. If I can't pay because my car doesn't work. Then Jakarta. Jakarta function? Yes. 38. 48e - can you?: How would you say in German? I can't come today because I don't have a car. It can hold the next common. Then it can hold techniques common. Then here's a phrase that's related to can turn and z, component z. It means can you. So how would you say in German, Can you see it? Currency SAN turning z, S, z. What can you see? Vascular disease in? Vascular disease in? Can you pay, pay current EBIT? Silane? Couldn't see, but Zahlen, what can you do? Vatican is vast. What time can you go to Mark's house? Walking by Mark gain. Gain. Can you go with me tomorrow? Currency Morgan, meet me again. Currency Morgan meets me again. Can you do it today? Good. And z as white American currency. 39. 48f - to help: This next word looks very similar to its English translation. Helpful, helpful. It means to help. Helpful. So how would you say in German, can I help? Can help often? Can eHealth fun? How can I help? V? V. Can you help? Often? Often. Are you going to help lengthen Vacancy Hurston? I can't help because I didn't have any time. It can make telephone, then cite it, Connect Health and then kinda site. I can help if you want. It can help. It can help convince the volun. I would like to help, but I didn't have any money. Gate. You can add a little bit extra to the way it had fun and you get me a headphone. Mia health means to help me. Mia health. And so how would you say in German, Can you help me? I couldn't see me or health. When are you going to help me? Vladimir had fun. Then Jimmy, I had fun. 40. 48g - to show me: How would you say in German, how are you going to help me? V then CMEA health and the health, and usually the word beta, meaning please, goes directly in front of the verb at the end of the sentence in German. So how would you say, Excuse me, can you help me please? And surely gunk, kinase inhibitor health. And surely Ganga currency me a bit ahead, fun. So the bitter goes in front of the helpful. So in this lesson, so far we've had it can. Which means I can if DAF means I'm allowed to or I'm supposed to. If Daphnia means R2 or I'm not supposed to. Makin can mean to do water make when z volume means if you want it kann nicht means I can't. Turn in. Z, means can you help often means to help. And, and Mia health means to help me. Here's another phrase that has mere in it needs eigen near Saigon. It means to show me, me at Saigon. So how would you say in German, Can you show me turn into me, It's Eigen currency me at Saigon. So don't forget that when a word starts with the letter Zed in German, you pronounce it as though it's a T, E S Saigon. Now there's a little thing that happens in German when you put a question word in the middle of a sentence. It happens in English too, and you might not even noticed it. I'll explain more about that in a minute. But first, let's look at the German. We've learned the question where it's already, but let's have a quick reminder of some of them. Vo means where. Van means when, Vi means how. And volume means why? Vo van V volume. Where, when, how, why? When you have a sentence with a question word in the middle, the first verb that comes after the question word has to be moved to the very end of the sentence. The phrase, Can you show me is a good phrase that can easily be followed by a question word. So we'll stick to that for our example, our examples, but we'll add some similar phrases later in this lesson. So here are a couple of examples. Can you show me where I can pay the question word in the sentence is where? And the first word that comes after the question where in English is common. In German, the word for will have to go to the end of the sentence. So can you show me where I can pay? You literally say in German, Can you show me where I pay? Can currency me and side1, low IQ bezahlen can community meals, eigenvalue experts on income? Here's a second example. Can you show me what you have ordered? So the question where is what? And the first word that comes after the question word in English is have. So in German, the word for half has to go to the end of the sentence. So can you show me what you have ordered would become, can you show me what you ordered? Have currency me at Saigon versus ZBrush dealt Harbin, currency mid Saigon, vast ZBrush, delta carbon. You might be thinking, what on earth, why is Gemini so complicated? And that's what I thought when I first saw this. Well, that's what I thought until I found out that we do it similar in English too. Let me show you how we move words about in English as well to make you feel less annoyed at the German language. When you put, can you show me in front of a question in English? We also have to move words around. For example, if we take the question, Where is the bank? Where is the bank? The sentence seems fine. But watch what happens to the word is when report. Can you show me at the start? Can you show me where the bank is? See how the word is moved to the end of the sentence. So where is the bank? Can you show me where the bank is? Well, that's what you do in German too. So just remember that if you have a question word in the middle of a sentence in German, the first verb that would normally come after the question word has to go to the end of the sentence. 41. 48h - show me where: How would you say in German? Can you show me where I can pay? So don't forget that when you have a question, We're in the middle of a sentence in German. The first word that comes after the question word in English has to go to the end of a sentence in German. Currency me at Saigon, zoning couldn't see me its eigenvalues, but starting Khan, Can you show me where I can hire a car? Currency me, its Eigen, 20k IN, OUT or medium can, can engineered PsycINFO EQ IN OUT hormone meeting? Can. Are you going to show me tomorrow? Veganism can meet its Eigen. Then the Morgan me, its Eigen. Can you show me where I can wait? Currency me its Eigen can. According to me, it's eigenvalue Barton can. When you use the verb its Eigen, if the thing that is being shown is masculine, then the word for the becomes Dane, My becomes minus, and becomes ion. And that's because Saigon is one of those words like a comma after. Also, you have to put the word Mia before the object being shown. So how would you say, Can you show me the wine? Currency me a day and violence Eigen, currency me again, vine, Saigon. Can you show me the car? Couldn't see me or does outwards Eigen Kuhn is IMIA, does outward Saigon. 42. 48i - show something to somebody: So midsize Eigen means to show me. If you take the mirror away, you just get the verb Cygwin, which means to show. Let me just show you an example English sentence. And then I'll tell you a little interesting nuggets of information, information about it. Can you show paul the car? Can you show paul the car? The sentence has two objects. Paul and the car. In the sentence, Paul has been placed in front of the car. Can you show pole? The pole comes first, but in English, we can switch them around so that Paul comes after the car. However, if we do that, we have to put the word to in front of Paul. Can you show the car to Paul? This happens all the time in English. If the object being shown or given comes first, then you have to put two in front of the person that is receiving or seeing the object. If the person comes first, you don't need the two. For example, I'm going to give David the key. Sorry, put the person first. But if the person comes last, we need to I'm going to give the key to David. Did you show Helen everything? Did you show everything to Helen? In Germany? However, when you have two objects in a sentence, you always have to put the thing, Popper thing being shown or given. Second, the person who is receiving or seeing the thing has to go first. You can never say the other way round in German. For example, currency power does outwards, Eigen, currency power does out all Saigon mean in English. Either can you show paul the car or can you share with the car to Paul? But in German, you always have to have it in that order. The same is true even if you're using NIR, which means me. For example, currency mir das outward Saigon. Finished the mir das outward Saigon. This can mean either can you show me the car or can you show the card to me? But in German you always have to put the thing being sharing second, and the person goes first. Currency mir das outward Saigon. So how would you say in German? Can you tell me you show paul Saigon? Turn is the power of Saigon. Can you show Helen? Helen, Saigon, currency, Helen's Eigen. Can you show me currency me at Saigon? Couldn't see me at Saigon. Can you show me where the bank is? Charisma at sagen wir davon East, Kenzie me at Saigon body bank East. So in this essence I far we've had eaten, which means icon. If DAF, meaning I'm allowed to or I'm supposed to. If Daphnia I'm not allowed to or I'm not supposed to. Makin means to do automate Wednesday volume. If you want. It can leak. I can't. Currency. Can you help? Often, means to help me are helpful. To help me. Miss Saigon means to show me. And Sidon just means to show. 43. 48j - to show: How would you say in German? I am going to share something to pull it fast cycle. We had a power cycle. So when you have two objects in the sentence, the thing being given goes second and the person goes first. However, there is one exception to this. And that is when the thing being given is referred to as IT. For example, can you show paul the car? Well, you will say in German, currency power does outward, Saigon, currency powerless outwards eigen. But if you change the sentence to, can you show it to Paul? You have to say in German currency as Paltz Eigen, currency as Saigon. So when you have it or S in German in a sentence, it has to go in front of the person being shown or given. And you don't have to use the word 42 in front of the person's name like we do in English. So can you show it to poll? You can, can you show it Paul Kennedy as Saigon? Another example is, I'm going to give the key to Maria. Maria then Schlissel gave, been invaded Manchuria. Then Schlissel given, sorry, not sentence, the person has to come first. But if we change the key to it and we say, I'm going to give to Maria. And we will say in German, in Maria gaping if vata in my area given. And don't forget that the word for it changes depending on whether it's referring to a masculine noun, in which case it will be in like in this sentence, because referring to the key there, Schlissel, which is masculine and feminine noun, you would say z or a new tunnel, you would say S. So how would you say in German, I'm not going to share it to Maria. And you are referring to a new town. If bad as Maria, nicht sagen. Nicht zu sagen. Can you show me where I can hire a car? Auto meeting can guarantee me at Saigon out or meeting can. 44. 48k - to tell me: How would you say in German? Can you show hands where the shop is? Kenzie hands Eigen vote, ask a shift east. Kidneys, the Huns, Saigon vote has to shift east. Here's your last phrase for this lesson. Mia Zaydan, mere zymogen. It means to tell me Mia zymogen. So how would you say in German, Can you tell me currency me as Eigen? Eigen? Can you tell me where I can pay? It can pay. Currency me has Eigen, avoid assigning. Can currency me as Eigen will be assigning. Can can you tell me where I can hire a car? Can you see me as Eigen week IN, OUT or meeting? Can can avoid IN OUT or meeting can. Are you going to tell me when the Meuse-Argonne veterans hemizygous. Can you tell me when breakfast is? Can you see me as Arkin van does pushed against Kenzie me, Herzog and Vandellas richtig ist. Can you tell me if I have paid? Now in German, there are two different ways to say if we've already learned the word Ven in leaf raises, then es moglich east. Venice, Middle East means if it is possible. Or then z volun Venice the volume means if you want however, if you want to say something like, can you tell me if I have paid, you have to use another word for a grade for F, which is 0. So 0 means if as well, the actual translation of 0 is whether. And that gives us a clue as to whether we should use all. Or then. If you can replace the word in a sentence in English with the word whether or whether or not. And it still means the same thing, then you should use orb in German. So in the sentence, can you tell me if I have paid? You could say, can you tell me whether I have paid or not? And it still means the same thing. So therefore, we should use the word up for if. So, how would you say, can you tell me if I have paid me as Eigen of episode harbor currency me as Eigen harbor. So I just thought I would briefly mentioned the word up now, but we will look at it in a bit more depth in a later. 45. 48l - to tell me why: How would you say in German? Can you tell me why? Can you tell me tomorrow? Kari Xenia Morgan's argon, argon, Kearney, Xenia Morgan's organ. So in this lesson, we've had if can, which means I can, if DAF means I'm allowed to, who I'm supposed to. If Daphne means I'm not allowed to or I'm not supposed to. The web. Makin means to do automate prevents the violin, means if you want. If kann nicht means icon, Cornyn z means can you. The verb health often means to, to help. Mia. Health often means to help me. Me at Saigon means to show me. The verb Saigon just means to show. Zymogen means to tell and mirrors. Eigen means to tell me. 46. 48m - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German, I can do that tomorrow if you want. It can thus Morgan mock and Vensim colon. It can thus Morgan, Morgan makin, VNC volun. I can see the train. It can then sue them. Suzanne. Excuse me. Can you help me? I can't help but I can call Maria. She is in Berlin. Connect Health and z is in Berlin. Connect Health in econ Maria on Wolffian. Z is in Berlin. Can you tell me where the restaurants current is? Currency me as Eigen data scientist has to hunt is. Can you show me where everything is? Alice. Alice. I'm going to tell pole the hotel is address. This hotel. Hotel is Zaydan. I can do everything later, but I'm too busy now. I've been yet. If Alice mock him, Can you see it? Couldn't Z S is a n. I can't pay the bill. Silane. Silane. 47. 48n - let's practise - German to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What are these Jamie sentences mean in English? Is the current MIT me an absolute cat? Is he couldn't meet me at Napster, godfather and men's Ebola and you can go to Stuttgart with me if you want. It can thus fills the telephone when it conducts fills the Calvin Benson colon. I can buy that for you if you want. Currency met Saigon, mantle. Mantle. Can you show me which code? Can you help me? If Candace nicht Ich kann das nicht Calvin? I can't buy that. Deutschland midiin and McFadden, it's been super shifted on the site. It can transmit either nicht Ich bin super shifted on the site. I can't go to Germany with you tomorrow. I'm too busy and I have no time. Currency. We have better health and better health. And can you help me please? Fill z? Needs to have fun. Is it possible for you to help me? If I would like to do it? Fun? I'm going to help pull. 48. 48o - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in German? It's absolutely fantastic. Fantastic here. Es ist Ganz, fantastic. I think everything is very good. Film is to Alice. Alice that is extraordinary. Thus. Thus is the field here is always delicious. Thus S and here is the Malacca, thus S and here is the Malacca. This restaurant is perfect. This restaurant is to perfect. This is a hunt is perfect. I would like a coffee for him and a T for me, please. If make the island cafe in owned island to island cafe feel and identify. What is the hotel's address? Last is the at hospitals hotels. Hotels. Can I make a reservation? I would like a table three people for tomorrow. I know has a via home for naming. If metal ion and teach field for Morgan can EQ, I know has a home for name1. Hi pairs on and fill Morgan. Goodbye and have a good day. I'll shoot antagonists. Antagonists. I would like a bottle of water, please. If a flash of acid beta alpha beta. 49. 48p - let's recap - German to English: Now let's do some German to English recap translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? But silane. Silane. I would like to pay my bill. Please. Can eat the height. No. Mccarter bit son. Can McCarter bit sign. Can I pay the bill by Codd? Ambition. Ambition kids, a Popperian. I'm going to try a bit keys IN autofill ion and time to meet. When is this magnetic field island times to meet? Is it possible to hire a car for one day? And thus Alto is z equals 0 is the Zagros, the big silica. Silica. The lunch was delicious. Van, van. When is breakfast? And S and is thus R and S and eastern theater for the dinner is at courts to eight ion taxi fare. I would like a taxi for five people at four o'clock. Mass valency makin. Thus, what are you going to do? 50. 49a - to find: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German? I can, if I'm allowed to or I'm supposed to laugh, I'm not allowed to allow it to go. I'm not supposed to. If Daphnia to do or to make makin. If you want. Then z volun, I can't it connect? Can you currency to help health and to help me, Mia health and to show me me at psi going to show its eigen and to tell zymogen. Here's a verb to start this lesson off with. Finden. Thin. Finden. It means to find finden. So how would you say in German? Can you tell me where I can find Berlin and see me as Eigen VO if Bailyn finden can Kennedy Meuse-Argonne vote IQ belly in Finland can say the word can has to go to the end because we have a question word vote away in the middle of the sentence. Since the first verb to the end of the sentence. Charisma zymogen, Vo, is bailing finden can. How would you ask, are you going to find a restaurant for later? The ion has a 100 feel spate of finden. When the ion has a hunt fish beta finden. I'm going to find something for Paul. The Fed atmosphere power finden, it very adverse feel power finden. I have found something interesting. And the past participle of finden is an irregular verb. It's a funded, good, funded, spelled G, E N, D E N, good for London. And it means found. So how would you say I have found something interesting? A truss into the scientists, co-funding. Scientists, co-funding. 51. 49b - found: We said that the past participle of finden is irregular. It's so how would you say in jama and what have you found? Vast, vast happens egophony didn't. Have you found something for me. Happens the adverse filmic co-funding happens, the advice filmmaker co-funding. Where did you find that? That's co-funded? How did you find the V S and V S And co-funding? We haven't found the hotel. We are having this hotel, nicht zu finden via haben das hotel nicht zu finden. Now hopefully you'll never end up lost. But just in case this next word is useful for low one. For Lohan. It means lost fellow Han. In German, German, you can use for Lohan to mean lost in both senses of the word. You can use it with each bin, which means I am to say things like If been Fellow one, it had been fellow Han. And that means I am lost. Or you can use it as a past participle as well. And so use it with a harbor, which means I have a harbor for Lohan. It fell on. It means I have lost. And because it's being used as a past participle in this sentence, it will go to the very end of the sentence if there was any more information. So if you wanted to say I have lost something, you would have to put the something that you've lost in front of fellow on. So it must follow on, for example, would be, I have an awesome thing. How would you say in German, I am lost. Hello. 52. 49c - lost: So it's been Fellow one was, I am lost. How would you say in German or you lost? Diencephalon is in z. I have lost my cod. One. Mitochondria for Lohan. I have lost my car. A hobby, mine out. Who follow one? Mine out? Have you lost? Something? Happens, it happens, the edge must follow. What have you lost? The vast, vast hobbies, if alone. When did you lose the key? Would follow him. Because it's the thing that you've lost is the object of the sentence. So any masculine word, The debt becomes Dane alone. How would you say I lost Maria at the beach? A hobby. Maria, I'm stand for Lohan. Excuse me. Can you help me? I'm lost. And surely Goenka, Kelly's EMEA Health fun. It's been Follow-on Service. This lesson so far, we've had at finden, which means to find. The funding. Means found. For Lohan means lost. And you can say things like each bin for lawn, which means I am lost. Or a harbor for loan, meaning I have lost. And the thing that you've lost goes in-between and follow-on because for Lohan, and that sort of sentence is a past participle. So it has to go to the very end of the sentence. 53. 49d - I understand: This next phrase is a useful one. Big fish there. Fish there. It means I understand. So how would you say in German? Yes, I understand. Yeah. Yeah. Yes, I understand it. Yeah. I understand. German. Deutsch. I understand, but I don't want to do it. Mixed Machen. Wir Machen. I understand, understand pool but not very well. Zygote. Zygote. The opposite of a fish there. Is it fish? Danny? Danny means, I don't understand. Or literally it means I understand, not stay neat. So how would you say in German? And I don't understand Maria. If you stay and lift Maria, if fish they are nixed Maria. And actually in the sentence you could put the nicotine after Maria. If you stay or Maria nicht. Ich nicht. How would you say Excuse me, I don't understand. 54. 49e - I don't understand: In this lesson so far we've had finden, meaning to find. Gofundme means found. Fellow on is lost. It's been fellow hon. I am lost. A harbor for Lohan on I have lost it fish there. I understand. And fished AND I don't understand. For this next sentence, you would actually have to say, I understand no German using the word kind. So how do you say in gentamicin German? Kinds of each kind, which I don't understand German very well. I don't understand. Maria. You can add a bit to the end of fish there and you get a fish day at z. That means I understand you. If Z so how would you say in German? Yes, I am Sandy. Yeah. Yeah. How would you say Yes, I understand you very well. Yeah. Yeah. I understand you but not very well. If I say the word good can be used to mean good or well. So how would you say, I understand you, but not so well. Mixed, so good. So good. 55. 49f - to speak: So if we stay as z means I understand you. And we can add nicht to the end of that and we make it negative. It means, I don't understand you. If fish die has diminished. So how would you say, say in German, Excuse me, but I don't understand you. And shooting days in heat and shooting them finished. I don't understand you very well. If we say Good, good. Good. Here's a video that you can add to your ever-growing collection. It means to speak. So how would you say in German? I don't understand. You can use big increase. Here's a neat currency, better English production stays in effect, currency better English. And the word bitter, which means please, you can put after English in the sentence I equals a currency English, British plug-in, as long as you place it before the last verb, so it has to go in front of cracking. But you can say current inhibitor English auction and the English Petrushka him. How would you say in German? I'm going to speak German today. So we place in front of Deutsche because remember when we have adverbs in a sentence, the order always goes. Time plays well. The time in this sentence is today. And the manner of speaking is in German. Deutsch. And Deutsch. How would you say I would like to speak with Paul, please. If you just plug-in its power. 56. 49g - spoken: The verb to speak in German, we said was spoken, and the past participle of the verb sprechen is irregular. It's spelt G. Sp are CAH EN English Pokemon. So how would you say, and I spoke German at the restaurant yesterday. My gosh, then Deutsch. And Deutsch in master handcuff spoken. So the order of the words in the sentence goes time, manner, place. The time is yesterday. The manner is Jim, and that's how we spoke. And the place is at the restaurant and gas then Deutsch him hasta hand. So we've had in this lesson, finden, which means to find. The past participle is good. Phonon, meaning found. Fallopian means lost. And we can say things like, I am lost or a harbor for Lohan. I have lost it fish there. I understand English they unleashed I don't understand if fish day a Z. I understand you. If fish they are Xenia. I don't understand. You must undo means to speak. And then the past participle of is gush pumpkin, which means spoken. How would you say in German? Can you speak German, please? Current inhibitor DOJ plaque in currency, better Deutsche Telekom, or equal say currency DOJ, British packing, currency DOJ, British pike in. The next web is an adverb. In fact, in German, adjectives and adverbs of the same thing. So this word Langsam can mean slow or slowly. Langsam. So how would you say in German, can you speak slowly? When the car is very slow? And thus Alto is 0, and thus outer is 0. 57. 49h - slow(ly): Remember how you can add E to the end of adjectives in German. What you can do the same with adverbs to. In English, we tend to say things like more slowly or more quickly. But in German, you would literally say slowly and quickly. So how would you say more slowly in German? Lungs. Lungs. Ama Can you speak more slowly, please? Excuse me. I don't understand you can you speak more slowly, please? Connectivity, lung damage, Kraken, and he spoke very slowly. Spoken. Language spoken. She spoke too slowly. Z hat. Z hat. Through language spoken. He didn't speak very slowly. I had a I had spoken. 58. 49i - langsam: How would you say in German, we didn't speak German. Deutsch good. Via haven't spoken. So literally have say we spoke no, German. How would you say in German? I couldn't understand because you didn't speak very slowly. Then the haben nicht zu continents fish day in. Then the haben nicht zu Maria spoke very slowly and it was perfect for me. Maria had spoken effect filming. Maria had Zhuangzi spoken, went as far perfect for me. I'm going to speak with Syfy tomorrow. If matter. Morgan mid sole fish Parkin, equator, Morgan mid selfish Parkin. So in this lesson, we've learned finden. Meaning to find. The past participle is good for London, which means found. Fallopian means lost, and you can use it as an adjective in sentences like It's been for Lauren, I am lost. Or you can use it as a past participle and say, I have lost something, it harbor for low on. And the word for Lohan in that sort of sentence has to go to the end. If fish there means I understand English, they are neat. Means I don't understand it. Which means I understand you. If I don't understand you. Shrinkage cracking means to speak and the past participle is very irregular. English spoken means spoken. Langsam means slow or slowly, because adjectives and adverbs are the same thing in German. It's just like when we let the adjective good, which means good, I said it also means well, so good means good and well, Langsam means slow or slowly. And lungs AMA, if you add E-R to the end, means slower. Or most lovely lungs. Ama. 59. 49j - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German, I can't find the key. It can then Schlissel nicht finden is tendentiously nicht finden. Can you help me? I'm lost. Kinase EMEA health. It's been it's been fun. I've lost everything. Alice. Alice for Lohan. I don't understand. Michael. Can you find Maria? Maria finden currency? I'm going to speak with Mr. Schmidt tomorrow. Morgan. Morgan. Can you speak slightly? I don't understand you. If we stay as efficient as it's lost. One pole is lost. Power. For Lohan. I lost the car yesterday. The carbon gets them. Does autofill Lohan inhabit guess Dan does auto failover. 60. 49k - let's practise - German to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? That is the Deutsche plug-in, Vandy Deutsch pi n. Or you got Jasmine and gets them in Berlin on the carbon mine and highs the past follow-on gets Jan van Eyck in Berlin on to mine and highs a pass-fail on. Yesterday, I was in Berlin and I lost my passport. And shooting on Kearney's EMEA head fun, a copper mine Alto for Lohan and shooting cannons. Emea Health in a harbor mine out of follow-on. Excuse me. Can you help me? I've lost my car. It can leak telling finden. It connect Helen finden. I can't find Helen. Is this magnetic fields EBITA Langsam switch plugin. Is this magnetic fields the better Langsam to sprechen? Is it possible for you to speak slowly, please. Inhabit the atrocities hotels for Lohan kinesin me at Saigon voices. The address that is what is below one couldn't see me at Saigon voice East asda hotels address. Can you show me where it is? Can I speak with you? Are you lost? Fish day of field next? Alice. Alice. I understand a lot, but not everything. We think. Kinsey, Kinsey INT pairs on in Finland. Can you find a table for five people? 61. 49l - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we've learned in previous lessons. How would you say in German? I would like a table for full please. If you can make the ion and teach, feel fear better. How much is it for six days? The field. It's €30 per month. Pomona at Pomona, S is S is the act sick or home? How much is it for four days? Filthy. Pataka. Pataka. I think it's fantastic. Is this vantage. We feel me is this fantastic wish. It isn't good, is absolutely extraordinary. Es ist nicht Ganz. Ganz. Everything is here. Alice is here. Alice is here. How much is it for today's vehicle cost to the tiger? Tiger? Excuse me, the bill, please. The height. And the height. 62. 49m - let's recap - German to English: And now let's do some jam into English, recap translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? As easy as this family feels easy. For me to ion and tissue feel the bitter and bitter. I would like to table for three people, please. Yeah. Yes, it is for me. Thank you. Fantastic. Fantastic. It isn't fantastic, but it's very good. I'm cafe for me, a coffee for me. Mine S and in East perfect. Mine S is perfect. My food is perfect. Line, but I'd like to try the wine, please. Oh, whoa, whoa, whoa. It's €800. Thus is a pizza. Pizza. That is my pizza. Tension. Tension bit Apollyon. Can I try the chicken, please. 63. 50a - I know: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German to find finden, found co-funded, lost fellow hon? I am lost. Each bin for Lohan. I have lost harbor for Lohan. I understand. Eat fish there. I don't understand. If I understand you. If I don't understand you. Just to speak. When spoken English, spoken slow or slowly. Langsam, slower or more slowly. Now here's your first phrase for this lesson. If vice, vice, it means, I know Vice. And you'll notice in the word vise, there's a little squiggle on the end is w e I. And that squiggle is called an S set. S set. The test set is actually a double S. Nowadays, the asset isn't used as much in German as it was in the past. You use a C and S set whenever there was a double S. But in 1996, it was decided that it's use should be restricted. However, it is still seen occasionally. In Switzerland, the test set is never seen. But in Austria and Germany, there are some words that you should always write with an S set instead of a double S, and vice is one of them. So each device means, I know, and you always spell vice. We, I asked set. In actual fact, there is another word that we learned back can be spelled with an S set rather than a double S. Our Segev only oust the governor. And so the double S a, S, you can write as a, you just set our superiorly, which means extraordinary. There is a sort of general rule that you can use to work out whether or not it should be a double SS or an NSSet. In German, there are long vowel sounds and short vowel sounds. If the vowel sound as long, generally, you would use an S set rather than a double S. If the vowel sound is short, then use a double S. Ins and outs to Governor Lee. Vowel sounds before the set of classes long sounds. So the EI invite makes it a long sound rather than something like this. Or vest is vice. I wouldn't worry too much about it though. But let's just have a quick look at two words that are similar but have def, have different vowel sounds. Mousse, mousse, which means most, and foods, foods, meaning booked. The first word is a short vowel. Moves and it sounds the same as the first part of the English word, most moves. The second word is a bit of a longer foods. So rather than force. So most means most and food means fault. And so the first is spelled with an S set because it's a long vowel sound. Whereas in most, you have a double S because it's a short vowel sound. 64. 50b - I know where: How would you say in German, I know everything. Is vice Alice, advice. Alice. How would you say, I know what I'm going to do? Actually before we answer that question and its tell you something first. Remember when we said things like, can you tell me where I can hire a car? And I said that the first verb after the question where it has to go to the end. So that would be the word being as a question where it is, where? So cooling Xenia, zymogen, VO IQ, and auto meeting can means can you tell me where I can hire a car? Literally. Can you tell me where I call Heineken? Kenzie, MSAG, and low IQ IN OUT or meeting can well, the same thing happens with I know no or a device. If you have a question word after, I know, the first verb that comes after that has to go to the end of the sentence. So phrases like if vice vagus, I know what? It vice versa. Oh, I know where if vice van and know when all send the first verb to the end of the sentence. Here's an example. So I want to eat in German is in essence the essence. So it's nice and simple. I want to eat Essen. But then if you want to say, I know the way I want to eat by putting, I know where in front or vice Vo, we send the web to the end. If vice vote, even if Vi's voice, SNV, I know where I want to eat. So the 1D or the Ville goes to the end because we have EEG, vice versa. The question word in the middle, since the vertebrae and if Vi's voice SNVs. So let's go back to that sentence. How do you say in German? I know what I'm going to do. It vice versa. Vice versa, tick mark and better. As I vata has to go to the end of the sentence because vast meaning what is in the middle of a sentence? How does AI in German? I know where you can pay. If vice versa, episodic. If vice vote. Silane Cornyn. So I always think hardly say that sentence normally before you add the airport so you can pay is z Cornyn bezahlen, and the first verb is kernel. So we have to do is send current to the end. So rather than saying z coordinate bit Zahlen, when you have IQ, vice versa, oh, you have to say Z bit silane kernel. If vice versa, silane Conan. 65. 50c - I don't know: How would you say in German, I know what you've done. If vice versa, zygomatic top and vice versa. So you have done is z Harbin gemacht. Then Harbin goes to the end. When you say IQ, vice versa, vice versa, zygomatic time. How would you say, I know when dinner is improvise, van does urban destiny Just advice? Van, does urban dress in East? How would you say, I know where? Iq vice versa. Now, you can make IQ vice negative by putting miffed on the end device. A device neat means, I don't know if Vice neat. Literally it means I know not. So how would you say in German? I don't know why you're here. If my sneaks by whom he hasn't it hasn't. I don't know if he is here. And don't forget when you have the word if in a sentence, think, Can you say whether or not instead, I don't know whether or not he is here or I don't know whether he's here or not. Well, in this sentence you can say that which means the word or if it should be, or if it should be. Sniffed of a here, east by sneaked of a here is. And so AAP sends the first verb to the end as well as nicked up here is because normally he has here is a list here. But the verb which is East has to go to the end. How would you say, I don't know where I can buy a map. If I sniffed and start plank of income. Ich Weiss nicht, boys IN staff and Calvin can, if you're finding it hard to work out how to put the verb to the end, where you can do for a few sentences is write down the sentence without the, I don't know where part. So for example, in this sentence right down, I can buy a map. If I'm going to start plan Calvin, and then circle the first verb while the first verb in it, can, ion and staff plan Calvin is can. And then when you put a device next row in front, then the can has scaled to the end. So I combine them up, is it can island staffed and Calvin fun. But then I don't know where I can buy a map is. If vice nicht wirklich, I understand calvin can. 66. 50d - ich weiß nicht: How would you say in German? I don't know where I am. Yes, labor the food was delicious. If I sneaked void guess then the gesehen haben wir nicht, where it gets them, guess and HAVA. Now in this sentence, you might have put the word harbor, which is the verb, so to the very end. But in actual fact, what you have to do is split long sentences dope into what we call closes. So this sentence is a long sentence. I don't know where I ate yesterday, but the food was delicious. And it's actually made up of two parts. The word boot links the two parts together and the two parts are called what are called closes. I don't know where I ate yesterday is the first clause. The food was delicious is the second clause. And the word booked links them together. And so when you have to send a verb to the end of a sentence, in actual fact, you have to send it to the end of a close. So Arbor goes to the end of the first clause. I don't know where I ate yesterday. If vice next, guest and gesehen harbor. And then the second clause is just fine, but the food was delicious are, but as S and LacA. So if Weiss nicht vor a guest and guessing harbor of it as S and V Malika. How would you say? I don't know where I can find something for Paul. If vice Nick Nick's volcanic ash vascular power of Indian kann ich Weiss nicht, VFS feel powerful in Lincoln? I don't know where I am. Iq vice nixed, voice, bin ich, nicht Ich bin. So in this sentence, the verb is already at the end, so we haven't got changed anything around. How would you say I don't know where he is. If I sneaked East, East, I don't know where you are. To vote. These int. Val is easy. 67. 50e - do you know: How would you say in German? I don't know where I'm going. You can either say if vice nicht Ich Weiss nicht Bohemia or Bohemia. So you would use if you're going on foot and a father, if you're not going on 40, you're going by call, by train or traveling somehow. How would you say I don't know why yogis going. If I sneaked vo hinge again. If I sneaked more hint again. Or you can say Kinsey foreign. If vice next, Kinsey phon. I don't know if I sneaked. If I sneaked. So if vice means I know, well, we can change it to Wisinski Visine z. And that means, do you know? And so because Visine has a short vowel, the eye is a short vowel. Then we have a double S, Visine z. So z means, do you know? How would you say in German, do you know how long it is? The Lambda assist. Assist. Do you know where the bank is? The bank is Wisinski voting bank East. Do you know where Paul is? This is Evo power least VCC, Bhopal East. Do you know where the restaurant is? Vcc vote as a scientist. This is the voters restaurant is. 68. 50f - I'm sorry: Let's add another phrase. Is 2D me light. As 2D me light. It means, I'm sorry, as to highlight the verb Machen means to make or to do in German, but in actual fact, that there is an alternative to mock him. The second verb for to do or to make is to1. So the first part of the phrase is S2, which means it dues. Then we know that Mia is to me. But what does light? Well, light means sorrow. So the whole phrase as 2D me, light literally means it does to me sorrow, the sorrow to me. But in English we just say, I'm sorry. You can use the phrase as 2D me allied to mean I'm sorry, just sorry, just by itself. Or if you want to say something like, I'm sorry, boat, then you can use Arbor after it. For example, as 2D me lied about economics. As 2D me alight about ICA need. That means I'm sorry, but I can't or as 2D me light of an acidic school. As 2D me light up es ist nicht. Good. I'm sorry, but it isn't gold. But we also learned quite a while ago the word and surely Ganga, which means excuse me. But you can also translated as sorry in minus situations. If you bump into somebody, for example, you could say and surely going to mean, to mean sorry. Or if he didn't understand somebody, you can say something like, and shouldn't it have an expression, London and shooting inhabit nicht verstanden, meaning I'm sorry, I didn't understand. So how would you say in German? I'm sorry, but it's terrible. Institute me light is 2D me light cyclic. I'm sorry, but I don't know. Excuse me. Light Weiss nicht is 2D me light up a device next. I haven't made a reservation. It's 2D me light up inhabit kinda has a phenomenon. Is 2D me light are by ICA kinda has been so literary. And that sentence we have to say, I'm sorry, but I have made no reservation. So kinda has a via Hong means no reservation. 69. 50g - Sorry!: How would you say in German? I'm sorry, but I'm lost. R by R by each bin for Lohan. I'm sorry, but I don't understand you can you speak more slowly, please? As efficient as you need. Greetings, lines, I'm a British by him as 2D me light days in East Kinsey, lungs have a better spine. I'm sorry, but it is impossible. As two Es ist nicht moglich. As 2D me light our es nicht moglich. How would you say, sorry, after bumping into somebody? And surely Gong and truly gone. So in this lesson we've had IQ vice, meaning I know if I sneaked, which means I don't know. Vicinity means do you know as 2D me alight means I'm sorry. And you can put Arbor on the end of that stewed mellitus, I'm sorry, boat. And then ensure the gunk literally means, excuse me. But you can also use it to mean, sorry for minor things. 70. 50h - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German? I don't know where it is. If I sneaked voice East. East. I'm sorry, but I haven't made a reservation. It took me like a hobby kinda kinda has a V. Do you know where I can hire a call out for meeting can auto meeting? Can do you know where I can buy a map? This is evil. This is evil. And start planning. Telefunken stays in East. I'm sorry, but it's absolutely terrible here. Here. Here. I don't know where we hide. The call will be at us out or gamete the top and Bolivia does our gametes. Do you know if it's possible for me to pay here recency of es moglich East, for me here to build Stalin. This is the obvious for me here to one. So this one, you've got two clauses. Do you know if it's possible? And then for me to pay here. So the verb is, is, has to go to the end of the first clause. So vicinity of East. Do you know if it is possible and then for me to pay here, make here super solid. How would you ask, do you know when the breakfast is that the hotel. Hotel East. Took him hotel VSD. Sorry. Sorry. After bumping into somebody and shooting and shooting on. 71. 50i - let's practise - German to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What are these German sentences mean in English? If I sneaked, Tada, tada. I don't know what I've bought. Advice. I know where everything is. I don't know where I'm going to mix as touch me like I'm sorry, but I don't know where you are. This is the 0 power shift exist. This is the taste. Do you know if Paul is busy? Vivo data has a hunt, is this is the modus Hassan taste. Do you know where the restaurant is? Light if I sneezed as 2D me light. I'm sorry, but I don't know. If you've been following me alive. I've been follow-on. I'm sorry, but I'm lost. Device. Next bounce is TEA is I don't know why she isn't here. Is totally lied to me. Light of a telephone icon. 72. 50j - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. Have you say in German, do you have that in brown? Haben Sie das inbound. How busy does inbound? Traffic lights begins the links. Are you going to try the wine? Now he isn't here. Nine is nicht here. Nine is nicht here. I can speak German and English. And English to English. It's a bit too big. Es ist ein bisschen. Ein bisschen, two goals. It is quarter past 10. Vaccine. It's at quarter past ten. Can I pay the bill later? But silane. Silane. Why is the Botanical Garden more stable? Tanisha gotten forgotten? 73. 50k - let's recap - German to English: And now let's do some jam into English recap translations. What are these German sentences mean in English? Haben wir. Haben via PowerShell. Have we taken Paul's key? I'm going to do it now. Begins the links up on the Es ist auf dem pectins ITA begins the links up on the Es ist auf directions ITA turn left and is on the right. I'm not going to drink that happens. The cafe. They have any coffee. Volume, volume, again, volume, volume game. When you want to go now, I'm naming, naming ZDF, the house fat. At the Roundabout. Take the first exit. Happens, it happens. Do you have the shoes in yellow? This is Chun. Chun. It's beautiful. Blue button. I would like a room with twin beds. 74. 51a - Structure 1 recap: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German? I know advice. I don't know. Do you know you know, this is z I'm sorry. Is 2D me light. Sorry or excuse me. And surely going. Can you, a few lessons ago, I introduced you to the first structure in German. It was a structure that enabled you to ask questions. Here's an example of it in use. Thus, voluntary essence, thus far is the essence means what do you want? It's made up of a question word vas, meaning what? An infinitive carrier, volume zy, meaning do you want and an infinitive Essen, meaning to eat. Well. You can also use this first structure in a non question format. Let's start with a quick recap of the structure in the question forum on. We've just seen that there are three parts. A question where the infinitive carrier and the infinitive, but don't forget that there is also the optional extra fourth part, which is the extra information. And you can say things like versus volume zy whiter up intestine. So the extra information there is before the infinitive. And that would mean, what do you want to tonight? So which means tonight? To use this structure when you're not asking a question is quite simple. You just take the question word of and flip the infinitive carry around. You'll have probably noticed that the infinitive carriers are made up of two parts. You simply flip them around to make them into a non question. Let me show you what I mean. Let's compare a question and a non question in the structure. One format. Vast clinic Essen. Vast clinic Essen means what can I eat? Vast clinic Essen. So can eq means can I, can flip that around and we get yf come. So if ten means icon, we can put an infinitive on the end of that. And we can get, if can essence, if can essen, which means I can eat. Or we can put some extra information in the middle. Don't forget the infinitive has to go to the end. And we can say something like if cans beta Essen, if beta ESM, I can eat later. So it can essence means I can eat, it, compounds in. It can pausing. I can see pole. It can Morgan fasten. It. Can Morgan foreign? I think though tomorrow. So it can mean icon. 75. 51b - Structure 1 as a non-question: Let's have a look at some of the question infinitive carriers and see how we can turn them into non questions. So can eq means can I curl in? Z? Means can you volunteer? Z means do you want? Then z means are you going or literally amines? Will you? Most eq means do I have to or Maasai? Mucin z means do you have to almost you. And we can turn all those into non questions by flipping the thing, the two words around. So can eke becomes if ten. So it can means I can. Zuckerman means you can. Z. Volun means you want z Bowden means you are going or literally you will know. If most means I must store I have to. Z mucin means you have to all you must. And here are a couple of extra infinitive carriers that we can use in non questions, if you will. It means I1 and if vata means I'm going or I will. So how would you say in German, you can buy something here for Paul? Is the current advice here for power Calvin. You can buy it later. Beta Calvin. Calvin. I can see it. Can it, can I combine something here? It can advance here, Calvin. It can advance here. Coffin. You can buy something at the supermarket. Foster form supermarket Calvin is the current advice form supermarket Calvin. 76. 51c - ich kann: How would you say in German, I can buy some cheese. If I can buy something for my mom here. It can it can feel minor multi-year coffee. You're going to be tired tomorrow. Is Yvette and Morgan mux design. Morgan new design. I have to be there soon. It moves towards sign, dollar sign. You can bring it for Paul. Is the Ken and SQL power behind the curtain. You can buy it later. Is the current beta Calvin. Calvin. I must say something fast. Zymogen, if I can bring it for Helen. Svo. Sva. 77. 51d - ich muss: How would you say in German? I have to start soon. If it moves. You can eat something at the restaurant. I have to leave tomorrow. If most MOOC on our skin. Our skin. You can buy something in Berlin. In Berlin, Calvin. Calvin. You're going to be there soon. Dollar sign. Dollar sign. You must go now. You have to leave tomorrow. Morgan, our skin. Our skin. You can buy it tomorrow. Is the current as Morgan Calvin. Calvin. 78. 51e - Sie müssen: How would you say in German, you must say something. Zymogen, Z mucin. You can bring it with you. I wanted to eat something. You're going to spend too much money. I must find the hotel. Most US hotel, hotel finden. I'm going to change it now. If you're going to buy two MOOC, I wanted to buy something here. Calvin. Calvin. 79. 51f - Sie können: How would you say in German, you can buy it in Germany. He couldn't land Calvin. Calvin. You must drink something. I can bring it tomorrow. Morgan. Morgan bringing you can buy something for Maria atmosphere, Maria cofilin, atmosphere, Maria Calvin. I can buy it today. It can escalate a Calvin. Calvin. I can buy it later. It can it can I come by tomorrow? It kinda is Morgan Calvin. Calvin. I wanted to see Berlin tomorrow. It will Morgan. Morgan Bailyn Zane. You have to call Michael unhelpful. Z mucinous, Mihail unhelpful. 80. 51g - ich werde: How would you say in German, I'm going to call Michael tomorrow. Mikhail and Wolffian. I wanted to spend three weeks there. I'm going to order the chicken for Paul II commanded us feel power booster. Does tension feel publish Dillon. I must change the reservation. If moves down and down, I must go now. You must eat something. You can buy something here. I'm going to do it later. 81. 51h - "You can eat here": How would you say in German, you have to be in Berlin tomorrow? Is the mucin Morgan, Morgan embedding enzyme. You have to start soon. You can buy something at the hotel. Hotel, hotel Calvin. You can bring it for Johan. Svo, SVA or Johan. You must change it now. And down and down. I have to call Maria. Maria, and often I have to be in Germany tomorrow. Design. Design. You have to be back soon. Door sign. I'm going to buy it today. If you have it. The first German structure in a non question form is made up of an infinitive carrier, some extra information in the middle if you want, and an infinitive on the end. For exam. For example, the kernel here, Ehsan, you can eat here. 82. 52a - to try: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German icon? If can you, can you want volume? You're going Zi baton. I have to or I must. It moves. You have to OU most is the mucin. Now we've already had the verbal hobby oven. So Bian means to try. And we've seen that it can be used with food and drink to say what you'd like to try. However, what if you wanted to say? I want to try to speak German? Well, when you want to say to try to do something, there's a different word for tri, and that is for silicon. For silicon. That's one thing to note with the verb for silicon. That is a, you have to use the word sue in front of the thing that you're trying to do. So going forward to the next verb, for silicon to means to try to. If you say something like I'm going to try or I have to try, you have to put a comma before the rest of the sentence in German. For example, if vata for silicon, Deutsch and Deutsch SUS, SUS plugin. I'm going to try to speak German. So after you say I'm going to try, you have to put a comma in Germany. And then the word Sue has to go in front of the next verb in this sentence is spoken. Or another example, if moves pursue her, Maria to finish it, most bazooka and Maria to Finland. I have to try to find Maria. Say I'll see the passion again. You have to say I have to try. Then you put a comma, and then the word Sue there is in front of the next verb. So it moves for Susan, my opinion. So just to reiterate, for Zukin means to try to how would you say then I have to try to speak German. If moves for silicon, noise. Noise. Say you put a comma after it moves, pursue her. How would you say are you going to try to speak German? Veterans. Veterans if say you put a comma after veterans E for silicon. 83. 52b - anzurufen: If you want to say something like, I want to try to call Maria, well, you'd have to use the verb unholy often, which means to call. And there were certain verbs, such as an orphan, which contain a prefix. And Hoffman is actually two words together. And plus Huffman. Huffman by itself means to call as in, to call out or to shout. The UN makes it unhelpful, which is to call on the phone. When you have a verb that contains a prefix, and you want to put a two in front of it. The two actually comes after the prefix and before the verb itself. And so it makes the whole verb longer. So in this sentence, I want to try to call maria. You wouldn't say to unhelpful. On the end, you would say unsuitable fun and solve and fun. So have a go. How would you say, I want to try to call Maria? If Bill for silicon, Marianne Soufan, it valid for silicon, Maria and Sue Hoffman. Another verb that we've learned that contains a prefix is for naming, for name1, which means to make, as in to make a reservation. So how would you say in German, I have to try to make a reservation. If moves for silicon, I now has a via Hong forth to name1. It moves for Zukin. I know has a fee for zu nehmen. So we put the two in between four and naming. So for naming means to make as in to make a reservation. And we put the two in the middle and we get 42 name and it moves for silicon. I know has a fee to name. And how would you say in Gemini II most tried to be here tomorrow? The mucin for silicon Morgan here. So design is emission Morgan here at Suzanne. I'm going to try to be here tomorrow. If vat of the silicon Morgan here, this design, if there is a silicon Morgan here. 84. 52c - I have tried: How would you say in German, what are you going to try to do? Bus latency for zu Machen. Thus, veterans, if ASU consumer, consumer can, in the past tense, you can change for silicon to pursue. So the phrase Aqaba for suit 2 means, I have tried to say, how would you say in German? I have tried to speak German. Deutsch. And Deutsch. So you put a comma after harbor for x2. How would you say I tried to call Maria. Maria. Maria. Don't forget however, that if you are talking about trying food, you should use the verb. And the past participle of the verb is. So how would you say, I tried this? Yet? Have you tried the wine? Haben Sie haben Zidane? Find probably that. I have tried to speak German, but it's too difficult. And they are called in German is like Hsp70 Eric. It's spelled S, C, H, W, i e e harbor for x2. S is a carbon for DOJ. Use plugin R by S. I tried the wine, vine phobia. 85. 52d - I have tried it: How would you say in German? I tried to find it. I tried to make a reservation, but the restaurant is too busy. Professor, I know has a vehicle for zu nehmen. Das has to hunt is super shift it. Biphasic to China has a thiol home for two name in Arbutus has a hunt, is super chef DFT FFT. So in this lesson so far we've had one meaning to try. For SU. 2 means to try to inhabit. That means I tried using the vapour Bian and a harbor for SU 2 means I tried to. This next phrase is a useful one. It harbor as probiotics. A harbor is probably what it means. I have tried it yet. So how would you say in German? Yes, I have tried it. Yeah. A hub is probably what ya Aqaba is probably AT. Or we can put the word nicht after the S and we get a habe es nicht appropriate next project. And that means I haven't tried it. It have es nicht pocket. So how it is I know I haven't tried it. Nine. But nine is next project. Remember how you can put S after any verb in the present tense or in front of any infinitive to mean it. For example, if fish there S, S means I understand it, it will es Machen. It will es Machen means I want to do it voluntarily as Essen. Voluntary as Essen means, do you want to eat it? Well, if you're talking in the past tense, you always put the word S after the auxiliary verb if you want, if you want to say it. And so that's after the harbor. For example, a harbor S gemacht. A cava is gemacht means I have done it. If you have an SP guessing, I have eaten it happens, yes. I guess when we ask a question. Have you eaten it? Z hat as a result? Z hat S spit salt. She paid it. So how does AI and German I ate it. Lesson. Lesson. 86. 52e - ihn / sie / es: How would you say in German, I have eaten it. Lesson. Lesson. I didn't eat it. I sneaked gesehen haben es nicht Gaston. I haven't eaten it. In the next lesson. Lesson. Have you eaten it? Happens the gesehen haben Sie mussen. He didn't eat it. I hat es nicht gesehen. A hat. They ate it. The haben es, gesehen. Haben es guess. We didn't eat it. The es nicht gesehen. Haben es nicht, guessing. So in German, when you put the word S in front of a verb, it means it. As we've already seen. However, this only works if it's referring to a Newton noun. In german, nouns can be, can be masculine, feminine, or neuter. So the word for it has to change depending on what it's referring to. The masculine word for it is in in spout. I hate. The feminine word for it is Z, spelled S, E. And the neutral word for it is S, as we've already seen, S spelled ES. So in z and S, ONE mean it. But it just so happens that the masculine and feminine words for it also mean him and her respectively. The harbor. The harbor SKScene. This means I have seen it. If you're referring to a new term noun, a car, but InDesign, it harbor InDesign means I have seen it if you're, if you're referring to a masculine noun, but it can also mean I have seen him. So he harbored InDesign can mean I have seen it or I have seen him. A harbor zig zag is a n, means I have seen it if you're referring to a feminine noun, but it cannot in I have seen her. So a harbor Z design can mean I have seen it or I have seen her. So the three words for it, our S in and Z, but it can also mean him. And z can also mean her. 87. 52f - him / her / it: We've just learned that the three ways to say it in German, R, S and Z. S is the neutral word for it. Z is the feminine word for it. And in the Muslim world for it. And z can mean it or her. And in it, Oh him. These waves are known as object pronouns. And they always go in front of an infinitive after a verb in the present tense. Or if you have the past tense, you place it after the auxiliary verb. So it moves as finden. If most S finden means I have to find it. And it's referring to a Newton noun. If most infinite and if most infinite means, I have to find it. If it's referring to a masculine noun or I have to find him. If most infinite and if most Z finden, if most Z finden means I have to find it if it's referring to a feminine noun. Or it can also mean I have to find her egg most Z finden. If that SAN, if vata, SAM, I'm going to see it. If VAD in Zion, embedded in Zion. This can mean I'm going to see it, or I'm going to see him. If that is the Zion. Zion. I'm going to see it or I'm going to see the her. So the S can only be used to refer to Newton's nouns. The word in can only be used to refer to masculine nouns or the word him. And the word z can only be used to mean it when it's referring to feminine nouns. Or it can also mean it will. It Ville SAN means I want to see it. If Ville enzyme, if val in Zion. This means I want to see it, or I want to see him in the Zan, It will these n, This means I want to see it or I want to see her. And that worry about mixing them up, the situation will tell you whether it means it him or her. And if you made a mistake and use the wrong one, people were still know what you're talking about. So if you bags and used s for it and you are referring to a masculine noun, it could cause a tiny bit of confusion, but more likely is that they'll understand exactly what you mean. So don't worry too much about the difference between S and Z. Try and get it right. But if you make a mistake is not the end of the world. So S means it when it's referring to a neutron new tunnel. In means it when it's referring to a masculine noun, or it can also mean the word him. And z means it where it's referring to a feminine noun. Or it can also mean. 88. 52g - I saw him: How would you say in German? I saw him yesterday. Inhabit in gas tank is in. Gas tank is in and I saw her yesterday. I guess then I found him here in here, co-funded in here co-funding. I found her here. Z here, co-funding. It have a z here. Gryffindor. I understand him. If even if we stay at I understand. I'm going to see him in Xi'an. I'm going to see her if valve disease AN these AN. So in this lesson we've had the verb, which means to try. If you're talking about trying food and drink. For Zoom, for Zukunft zu means to try to do something. A hub appropriate means. I tried it harbor for 2x2, means I tried to inhabit, yet. I tried it. It happens. Next problem that I haven't tried it. In Xi'an. In Xi'an means to see him and say You can put The in front of the Xi'an if you use an infinitive carrier, for example, very insane, I'm going to see him. Zhi Zinedine Zidane means to see her. But actually in z and also S, Xi'an can all be used to mean to see it. So in is the masculine, z is the feminine, and S is the neuter. A inhabit InDesign. And I saw him in a zigzag when I saw her. Or Aqaba in Z or SKScene can all mean I saw it. So again, in means it or him, z means it or her. And S is the neutral word for it. 89. 52h - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German? Are you going to try to make a reservation? For silicon, has a name and then to name1, I have to try to find the postulates. The highs, the passage through finden. The highest message to finden. I tried it but it wasn't very good. But I didn't try it. But what? I tried to call Maria yesterday, harbor for Sue and Sue and Sue fun. When are you going to see it? Van. Van? I saw her yesterday in Berlin. He gets down in Berlin. Did you try the cheese? Haben Sie Dann. Haben Sie Denn case. A phobia that I've done it now. Yes. They didn't buy it. Is the haben es nicht zu haben es nicht cutoff. 90. 52i - let's practise - German to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What do these Germans and this is mean in English. If Ville SAN, SAN. I want to see it. If Fish TAESE. Taese. I understand her. A carbocation does out off alone. Are they inhabit has water co-funded? Inhabit Kashdan does out of a loan of a hub as hi-tech of London. I lost my call yesterday, but I found it today. I understand him. Auf Deutsch super Stalin. Stalin. We tried to order the wine in German, but it was too difficult. A homodyne. But inhabiting vine. I didn't try the wine. It moves as finden, moses, finden. I have to find it. We have an es nicht, gesehen haben es nicht. Guess. We didn't eat it. What happens if a superpower to finden happens even pounds to finden. Did you try to find pool? 91. 52j - let's recap - English to German: Now let's do some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in German, she isn't tired. Z is Z is D. Have a table for two people. Having the island tissue fields phi pairs on in. The reservation is at half past five days. I would like some Buddha. Buddha. Buddha. Hugo's house later. By Hubel. Hubel. Do you want to change it on z as n? Then I went to see Mr. Mueller for lunch. I would like a sandwich. If you had asked me to, I guess Einstein reach, lift the egg sandwich. I like the red coat, but I prefer it in blue. 92. 52k - let's recap - German to English: Now let's do some jam into English recap translations. What are these Jamie sentences mean in English? Does is sucrose for me? Does is too close for me. That's too big for me. And then stand up again. And again. I'm now going to the beach now, but I would like to go later. Versus the super bus is the ZOPA. What is the soup hotel? Hotel. He's at the hotel. The gates vi gates. Nicht here is this dude. Nicht here? It isn't here. It's there. The shower doesn't work. Yeah. Yeah. Yes. I'm going to Paris tomorrow. Good evening. V comma v comma x from Bonhoeffer. How do I get to the train station? 93. 53a - I couldn't: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in German to try as intertribal food and drink? Plebeian, to try to pursue, pursue hunt through. I tried. But I tried to harbor for Zoom too. I tried it yet. I haven't tried it yet. To see him in Zane, to see her. Z, Zn, to see it. In Zion for masculine nouns, Z, Zn for feminine nouns, and SAN for Newton nouns. I saw him. The Hobbesian. I saw her. I saw it in InDesign inhabit z cosine or here's your first phrase for this lesson is continuity. Continuity. It means I couldn't. And it's an infinitive carrier, meaning import, any infinitive with it. So how would you say in German, I couldn't do it. In contrast, nicht Machen es nicht Machen. I couldn't find him in nicht finden. Nicht finden. I couldn't see Maria. Continuity. Continuity. I couldn't buy it because it was too expensive. Es nicht Calvin. And then as far as next Kelvin, then Toya. 94. 53b - I wanted: Your next phase for this lesson is another infinitive carrier. If Walter, Walter means, I wanted it volta. So how would you say I want it to go? Voltage gain. Voltage gain. I wanted to try to find pool, pounds, pounds to Finland. I wanted to go to the beach but I couldn't find it. If voltage from stand gain, our economy nicht finden equal to some strength gain by nicht finden. So we use in for it in this sentence, which is the mascot, which is the masculine word for it, which can also mean him because the word for beach, desktop and is masculine. So it contact in nicht finden. I couldn't find it using the masculine it. How would you say I wanted to hire a car, but it was too expensive. And I wanted to buy something for my mom, but I couldn't find the souvenir shop. If Walter ADFS for minor motor Calvin are, then souvenir Latin nicht finden. If voltage for minor motor Calvin are by contact, then souvenir Latin, nicht finden. So the word laden means shop in German, and it's a masculine noun. The word souvenir is a Newton noun. But when you have what's called a compound noun in German, meaning a noun that's made up of more than market, such as souvenir Latin. The gender of the noun is always the same as the gender of the world on the end. So, souvenir Loudon, we've got larger than on the end, which is masculine. So, souvenir Latin is a masculine noun. So it's counter then souvenir Latin, nicht finden. I couldn't find the souvenir shop. And we use Dane rather than dare because it's the thing that's being found. 95. 53c - I was: Now we've had SVR, which means it was. So you can probably guess what this phrase means. If var equal, it means I was equal. So how would you say I was very busy? Zap. Zap. I was here yesterday. If vagus Dan here. If vagus Dan here. So in German memory we always put the time before the place. Whereas in English we say here yesterday, in Germany say yesterday here I was, I was yesterday here because the time is yesterday and the places here, if Vi gas down here, how would you say I was at the beach? If var I'm stand I'm stunned. I couldn't go to the beach because I was too tired. If contacts from standard nicht gain then equid similar, it contact some standard nicht gain. Then you may have noticed that whenever we talk in the negative in German, there is always one word nearby. I nicked. If you want to make any verb negative, you just put the word after it. The wir nicht means no. So it means I wanted equality. Nicht means I didn't want, literally, it means I wanted, not. Really. If VAR means I was and IQ by nicht means I wasn't. So let's just add those two phrases to our vocabulary list. If vanished means I wasn't, and if voltage means I didn't want, literary means, I wanted not, not. And if you want to put any object pronouns meaning the word like S or E, or Z, meaning it, or him or her. If you want to put any object pronoun with nicked, it has to go in front of the nicht because generally object pronouns come before nicht. So if you wanted to say, I didn't want it, for example, you would say if Walter es nicht, rather than exalted nicht Es, if you did happen to say equality nicht Es by mistake, you would be understood. But it sounds better to say if voltage es nicht. 96. 53d - I wasn't : So we've just said, if you want to say, I wasn't in German, you say IQ vanished, which literally means I was not. And if you wanted to say, I didn't want in German, you say voltage, which literally means I wanted not. Because to make any veteran German or you have to do is put the word nicht after it. So how would you say I didn't want to go nicht gain, voltage gain. I wasn't here yesterday. Guess them here. Next, guest them here. I didn't want to eat at a hotel because the food was terrible. If voltage nicht Im hotel Essen, then dass es nicht Im hotel S and then does S. And for this next page, you'll need to know the word for England, England. And it's spelled exactly the same. So this is pronounced slightly different, England. So how would you say I wasn't in Germany yesterday? I was here in England. My next guest, Dan in Deutschland. Here in England. Nicht guest, any endorsed land here in England? How would you say? I didn't want to speak to Maria because I was very busy. And you would say literally, I didn't want to speak with Maria. Nicht mit den. Then. I wasn't tired, but I was very busy, very busy. If my next Muda. 97. 53e - I had: How would you say in German? I didn't want to take the train, but I was in a hurry. If you hold a nice dense soup Naaman, in either. If voltage, nicht and Sukh nehmen arbor vitae in Iowa. Here's your next phrase. Wheter. Wheter. It means I had hotter. So how would you say in German? I had it. He had a S, E, S. I had it with me. It had it had a es mir. So in this lesson so far we've had it continuity the nicht, which means I couldn't. If Volta means I wanted, if I didn't want, or literally I wanted not. If VAR means I was if vanished means I wasn't where I was not. And wheter means I had so how would you say in German? I had everything at my house. Alice by near. It had to Alice by mere. So now if we get that by Mia, can be used to mean at my house or at my place. It doesn't literally mean that. But that's how you can translate it. How would you say I had a lot of time. It had a field site. He had a field site. I had a lot of time to see my friends and my family. He had a third site, media, Suzanne. He had a field site familiar with Suzanne. 98. 53f - I didn't have: Remember to make things negative. You put after the verb. Generally, if there is an S in the sentence as well, the nicht goes after that too. So how would you say I didn't have it as neat as sneaked. I didn't have the time. It has a nicht did cite. It has a nicht. Decide. So we've had incontinence, which means I couldn't eat vaulter. Meaning I wanted equal to 10k. I didn't want it. Var means I was nicht means I wasn't. In wheter, means I had and it has an effect means I didn't have. So how would you say in German? I didn't have everything with me yesterday. Alice meet me, I guess Dann nicht. Alice meets me, I guess down. I'm sorry, but I was in a hurry and I didn't have the time to speak with you today. A in either owned it has a negative side, meat and fish as 2D me light arbor vitae in Iowa. And he had a knitted site midfielder who's plug-in. Didn't have the key for my room. It had a nicht den solution for mine. He had a nicht den Schlissel for mine summer. I didn't have the hotel's address. The hotels. Hotels. 99. 53g - some / any: This next phrase is made up of words that we already know. It fast guilt. It fast guilt. It means some money or any money. It was killed. Now, I know I've mentioned how to see some or any engine before, but I just wanted to recover it quickly because it never hurts. If you want to say some in German, as in, I would like some wine or can I try some cheese? Or if you want to say any, As in do you have any cheese? Well, it's really quite simple. All you have to do is use the word et vos. For example, adverse Kayser. It MC to etwas Kayser. That means I would like some GPS data at phosphine. Probably haven't dove at phosphine habia, May 1, I try some wine. Dalvik, Bian, vg, advice, henchmen probably haven't. May I try some chicken? So you can put us in front of any noun. And it means some, or any of that noun. And advice. Guilt means some money or any money. So how would you ask, Do you have any money? Having the address gate Z, it was guilt. How would you say I would like some money? If it was guilt? Guilt. How would you ask Do you want some money? Voluntary skilled voluntary adverse guilt. I'm sorry, but my card isn't working. Do you have any money? And I'll just tell you that the phrase isn't working is the same as the phrase doesn't work in German. So you can say funktioniert nicht. So we learned from Sony had sneaked when we were talking about, talking about hotels and how to say that something doesn't work. So funktioniert nicht can be translated into English as it doesn't work or isn't working. So how would you say I'm sorry, but my card isn't working. Do you have any money as 2D me a light Magna Carta from Tanya, shift happens. The advice guilt is took me like Magna Carta funktioniert nicht Hobbes, the adverse guilt. 100. 53h - kein Geld: How would you say in German, I have some money with me. Can I bring some money with me? Can adverse guilt meet me or bringing can EQ adverse Ganesh Meet me are bringing Paul has some money. Paul had hvA scaled Power, had adverse guilt. Remember how we've spoken about putting kind in front of phrases to mean not any. Well, see if you can guess what kind of guilt means. Time guilt. It means any money. Just any money. If it's used in a negative phrase, guilt. There's a tiny peculiarity with the English word any. It can have two slightly different meanings. Look at these two sentences. Do you want any wine? I didn't have any wine. Do you want any wine? I don't have any wine. On first glance, there's nothing strange about the sentences. But in reality, the first sentence assumes that is one available. And the second sentence points out that there is no wine available. So we can say that the first sentence is positive and the second sentence is negative. In fact, any sentence that contains the word not can be considered negative. So I don't have any wine is short for, I do not have any wine. So it's a negative sentence. In German. If you want to say any in a positive sentence, then you say at Fosse. But if you want to say any in a negative sentence, you say kind, which literally means not any. So let's translate those two sentences. Do you want any wine while the NE is positive? So you would say in German volume policy at phosphine, voluntary advanced vine, I don't have any wine. Well, this sentence is negative. So we would say in German, Aqaba, Tynan vine, he harbor keinen vine. So because vine is masculine and is an object in this sentence, the word kind becomes keinen, a Harvard vine. I don't have any wine. Another way to look at this is to understand that you can replace any with some in a positive sentence, but you can't in a negative sentence. For example, both of these sentences, main thing, do you want any wine? Do you want some wine? That's because they're both positive. Whereas with this next example, because they're negative, only the first sentence is correct. I don't have any wine. I don't have some wine. So you can't really say, I don't have some wine in English. A general rule of thumb is that if you can say sum instead of any in English, that is a positive sentence. And you should say at Fosse in German, if you can't say sum instead of any in English, then it's a negative sentence. And you should say, kind in German. So adverse means sum or any in a positive sentence means not NAD and is used in a negative sentence. 101. 53i - "etwas" or "kein": So the word atlas means sum or any in positive sentences, whereas kind means not any, and it's used in negative sentences. So how would you say, I don't have any money? And just keep in mind that it contains the word don't. So it must be a negative sentence. It how the kind get a carbocation guilt. How would you say I say, Do you have any money? And because you can replace the word any with some in this sentence, do you have some money? It must be a positive sentence. Has the address guilt happens, the adverse guilt. I didn't have any money with me. So in this sentence because we've got didn't, which is short for did not. You can see that we have the word not, meaning it must be a negative sentence. You can also see that you can replace the word any with some in the sentence. I didn't have some money with me. You have to say in English, I didn't have any money with me. So it's clearly a negative sentence. It has a kind guilt me smear. It had a kind guilt MittMedia. So literally it means I had no money with me or I had not any money with me. How would you ask D10 coffee? So in this sentence is not anywhere. Well, there's no dumped. So it's probably not a negative sentence. But you can double-check by significant change any twosome. So rather than saying, Do you want any coffee, you could say in English, do you want some coffee? And so that means it's a positive sentence. So how would you ask him? So how would you ask in German, do you want any coffee? Voluntary at fast Cafe, Voluntary advice cafe. How would you say, I don't have any coffee? So in this sentence is clearly negative because we've gotten don't, which is short for do not. I do not have any coffee. Coffee. Coffee. So we use keinen because cafe is a masculine noun. 102. 53j - einige: How would you say in German, I haven't eaten any chocolate today. And the word for chocolate in German is a feminine noun, Shoko larder. So the word for non or not any, Which is kind, becomes kinda in front of feminine nouns. So how I haven't eaten any chocolate today? A callback kinder shall Collado, political gesehen it by Kenosha Collado, who took the lesson. How would you say, Did Paul eat any chocolate? So this sentence isn't clearly negative because there's no, not in there in English. So it's probably a positive sentence, but we can double-check by seeing if we can change any twosome. Did pull some chocolate. And so we can say it's a positive sentence. So how would you say that in German? At power stroke melodic gesehen had power at fasciculata lesson. Now your next word is I nigger. Nigger, which means some or few. We've seen that you can put us in front of a noun to mean sum or any. But the second word, I nigger, can be used as well. Usually, you would use us for an uncountable amount of something. For example, water. You can't, you can't count water or flower. You can't have flour. So you would use ADFS in front of those. Also, money is classed as an uncountable noun, even though obviously you can't count money. By uncountable, is a grammatical term, meaning you don't put an S on the end when you put some in front of it. So you don't say some money, some money, and that makes it uncountable. Usually, AIGA is used to mean a more precise number of something. It sort of means a few. For example, if you said if Merck to adverse effect or adverse keratin, that would mean I would like some carrots. And so you're not being very specific. It could be a huge amount of carrots. Whereas if you said it makes an ion garden, if looked at ionic or cotton, then that means I would like some carrots, meaning a small amount of cars. I would like a few carrots. So I nigga means sum or any, meaning a small amounting. I suppose another good way of translating that into English would be several. 103. 53k - any: So using Ionic, How would you say in German? Did you see any good films in Berlin? Happens if I go to fill my embedding is in the filament in building these in. Now be careful as this next one is negative. So how would you say in German, didn't you see any good films in Berlin? Having the kind of gluten Filmer embedding. This happens the kind of gluten Filmer in Benghazi in saying, did you see no good films in within? How would you say there are some good restaurants here? Escaped. Escaped has the hands here. I have seen some beautiful things in Germany. In DOJ lung disease. Have they eaten any German food? Happens. The adverse Deutsch is asking the gesehen haben Sie das Deutsche is essentially guessing. So in this sentence, because we're talking about food, which is a non countable nouns. So you click on Count food because you don't say I have two foods, for example, then you have to use the word us for any rather than nega. So Harbin Z Deutsches lesson. How would you say, haven't they eaten any German food? Having the kinds which is essentially gesehen haben Sie es. 104. 53l - etwas / einige: How would you say in German, do we have any money? Haben wir haben via. Don't have any money. Having via kind gate. Haven't via kind good. I didn't have any money. He had a kind guilt. He had a time guilt. So not in German. I didn't have you would say literally, I had not. I hadn't. So it had a neat I hadn't any money. But in this sentence because we're saying I didn't have any money. You're literally saying I had no money. He had a kind of guilt. So it had a Kein Geld. I didn't have any money. How would you say I couldn't bring any wine? It environment hanging. It, kinda invited Brian. So in this lesson, we've had continuity. Meaning I couldn't eat Volta, means I wanted, it. Just means I didn't want, literally did not. If VAR means I Was, it vanished, means I wasn't, I was not. He wheter means I had it had a neat means. I didn't have, or I hadn't. Advanced guilt means sum or any money. Kind guilt means not any money. I nega, can be used to mean sum or any, or a few, or even several infant of countable nouns. And etwas means sum or any in front of nouns that cannot be counted. 105. 53m - let's practise - English to German: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in German? I couldn't find her if I wanted to hire recall, but it was too expensive. I wasn't here yesterday. If I guess Dann nicht here. I couldn't speak to safely because I was in a hurry. If continuity limits so fish then in Iowa, continuity limits. So fish pie can then ICA in either. I didn't have the time to make a reservation. Nick did site I know has a name and that Nick did site has a few home for two Naaman D1, some money. What is the volume of a skilled volunteer? You can also say in German, which literally just means, do you want money? So you haven't got to use the word sum will indicate. How would you say I didn't have any money. Guilt. High-tech kind guilt. I'm sorry, but I didn't have any coffee. Coffee. Coffee. Is there a good restaurant knee here? Good test. In the test. I wanted to buy wanted to buy some jam and cheese. A folder. 106. 53n - let's practise - German to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What do these German sentences mean in English? Hobbes, the adverse guilt, then we are having the ICC, pneumonic basalt haven't seen scale to ten rehabbing the iconography Nikki bit salt. Do you have any money because we haven't paid the bill. He cut a nicht densely sulphurous out. Oh, it had a nicht den solution fetus. I didn't have the key for the car. I wasn't busy, but I was very tired. I didn't want to go to Berlin. Guess down, nicht Machen. Gets down. I couldn't do it yesterday. Happens. It happens. Do you have any milk? To Alice? Alice to everything. Here. I was here at four o'clock. Continents does hotel finden, Das hotel finden. I couldn't find the hotel. Happens the kinds which is S and poppy that happens the kind which is S and B. Haven't you tried any German food? 107. 53o - let's recap - English to German: What we'll do now, awesome. Recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. Did you try the G's? Happens it in case it could be that having z, then k is appropriate. It's at half past two. Hi. I would like a T for me and a coffee for herpes. Me on the island cafe feels EBITA. A filmic on to item cafe fields EBITA. I would like a return to get for God. Next. I'm going to pay later. But silane, silane. I would like the White Sox devices. All devices often is delicious. Go straight on, take the third road on the right, and then it's on the left hand z OS name is z, d, x. Is this under Lincoln's ITA? My name is Stan. Is this under Lincoln Sita, where the Pogge voice, the aipac. Aipac. The hotel isn't here. It's there. And that's hotel is nicht here is this door. And thus hotel is nicht here is this doing. 108. 53p - let's recap - German to English: Now let's do some German to English recap translations. What are these German sentences mean in English? Not for her. Vq coasted as field, same taiga. The few S felt the same Tada. How much is it for ten days? Haben Sie. Haben Sie. Da haven't even the blueberries. V comma v comma restaurant. How do I get to the restaurant? May I have some bread? And beginning to feel a bit less for him. Had Klaus Klaus to submit, I guess. Has Klaus wrote something for lunch. Now, if you wanted to say something for four, followed by a meal, It's actually more grammatically correct to say it fast Zoom, which literally means something to rather than atmosphere. So for example, it has some crushed. It means something for breakfast at fast. Some myTag Essen, something for, or some arbitrary isn't something for dinner. So at fast soon followed by the meal is the way to say something for breakfast, lunch, or dinner in German. What does this mean in English? Haben Sie das. Haben Sie das in hot, in hot. Do you have that in red? Does Ehsan Here, thus S and is likely here. The food is always terrible. Here. Was into D2 Latin. Wasn't D2 Latin. Where are the toilets?