3 Minute French - Course 9 | Language lessons for beginners | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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3 Minute French - Course 9 | Language lessons for beginners

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

136 Lessons (7h 19m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:01
    • 2. 72a - the past tense

      3:06
    • 3. 72b - forms of AVOIR

      2:57
    • 4. 72c - I have gone

      3:39
    • 5. 72d - ÊTRE as auxiliary verb

      3:10
    • 6. 72e - ÊTRE verbs

      3:46
    • 7. 72f - Mrs Van der Tramp

      3:38
    • 8. 72g - the verbs of movement

      6:03
    • 9. 72h - practise verbs of movement

      3:15
    • 10. 72i - ÊTRE in a question

      3:10
    • 11. 72j - feminine & plural

      4:35
    • 12. 72k - making the past participle agree

      3:46
    • 13. 72l - which endings to add?

      3:07
    • 14. 72m - practise with agreements

      3:11
    • 15. 72n - more practise with agreements

      3:51
    • 16. 72o - Mrs Van der Tramp's husband

      3:16
    • 17. 72p - revenir & devenir

      3:04
    • 18. 72q - recap so far

      4:37
    • 19. 72r - two meanings

      4:44
    • 20. 72s - the negative past

      3:27
    • 21. 72t - questions in the past

      3:13
    • 22. 72u - "has he" vs "did he"

      3:28
    • 23. 72v - negative questions in the past

      2:46
    • 24. 72w - "hasn't he" vs "didn't he"

      4:13
    • 25. 72x - let's practise - English to French

      3:35
    • 26. 72y - let's practise - French to English

      3:56
    • 27. 72z - let's recap - English to French

      3:58
    • 28. 72z2 - let's recap - French to English

      3:50
    • 29. 73a - recap of the verbs of movement

      3:23
    • 30. 73b - devoir in the present tense

      2:59
    • 31. 73c - devoir negative

      3:12
    • 32. 73d - devoir as a question

      3:17
    • 33. 73e - avoir à...

      3:29
    • 34. 73f - practise with avoir à...

      3:15
    • 35. 73g - vouloir in the present tense

      3:22
    • 36. 73h - vouloir negative

      2:57
    • 37. 73i - vouloir as a question

      3:09
    • 38. 73j - recap so far

      2:19
    • 39. 73k - let's practise - English to French

      4:11
    • 40. 73l - let's practise - French to English

      4:13
    • 41. 73m - let's recap - English to French

      4:07
    • 42. 73n - let's recap - French to English

      3:49
    • 43. 74a - pouvoir in the present tense

      3:37
    • 44. 74b - pouvoir negative

      3:22
    • 45. 74c - practise with pouvoir

      3:04
    • 46. 74d - pouvoir as a question

      3:26
    • 47. 74e - pouvoir as a negative question

      3:31
    • 48. 74f - know how

      3:15
    • 49. 74g - savoir in the present tense

      3:16
    • 50. 74h - savoir as a question

      3:07
    • 51. 74i - recap

      4:19
    • 52. 74j - let's practise - English to French

      4:12
    • 53. 74k - let's practise - French to English

      3:25
    • 54. 74l - let's recap - English to French

      4:26
    • 55. 74m - let's recap - French to English

      3:04
    • 56. 75a - structure 3

      3:11
    • 57. 75b - infinitive carriers in the imperfect tense

      3:11
    • 58. 75c - changing the infinitive carrier

      3:30
    • 59. 75d - vouloir & devoir in the imperfect

      3:10
    • 60. 75e - pouvoir in the imperfect

      3:16
    • 61. 75f - aller in the imperfect

      3:17
    • 62. 75g - aller as a question

      3:11
    • 63. 75h - recap of endings

      3:13
    • 64. 75i - question word recap

      3:08
    • 65. 75j - infinitive recap

      3:48
    • 66. 75k - practise structure 3

      3:24
    • 67. 75l - let's practise - English to French

      3:50
    • 68. 75m - let's practise - French to English

      3:31
    • 69. 75n - let's recap - English to French

      3:35
    • 70. 75o - let's recap - French to English

      3:25
    • 71. 76a - the word "on"

      4:08
    • 72. 76b - on m'a dit que...

      5:05
    • 73. 76c - Comment dit-on...?

      3:39
    • 74. 76d - the word "elles"

      3:14
    • 75. 76e - let's practise - English to French

      3:46
    • 76. 76f - let's practise - French to English

      3:09
    • 77. 76g - let's recap - English to French

      4:29
    • 78. 76h - let's recap - French to English

      3:13
    • 79. 77a - structure 4

      3:31
    • 80. 77b - auxiliary verbs as questions

      3:15
    • 81. 77c - "have you" vs "did you"

      4:01
    • 82. 77d - practise changing the person

      3:20
    • 83. 77e - two auxiliary verbs

      3:11
    • 84. 77f - past participles

      3:40
    • 85. 77g - Where have you taken the car?

      3:27
    • 86. 77h - What have they done?

      3:23
    • 87. 77i - Has she called today?

      3:18
    • 88. 77j - Have you made a reservation?

      3:20
    • 89. 77k - Where have you been?

      3:10
    • 90. 77l - Did you speak French in France?

      3:08
    • 91. 77m - What did you take with you?

      3:19
    • 92. 77n - What did they bring?

      3:09
    • 93. 77o - Did Sophie bring that?

      3:32
    • 94. 77p - Did she pay the bill?

      3:00
    • 95. 77q - Has she tried the wine?

      2:09
    • 96. 77r - let's practise - English to French

      4:06
    • 97. 77s - let's practise - French to English

      3:15
    • 98. 77t - let's recap - English to French

      3:49
    • 99. 77u - let's recap - French to English

      3:37
    • 100. 78a - dépenser

      3:43
    • 101. 78b - comprendre

      4:20
    • 102. 78c - compris

      3:40
    • 103. 78d - ce que

      3:26
    • 104. 78e - different ways to say "what"

      3:27
    • 105. 78f - let's practise - English to French

      3:54
    • 106. 78g - let's practise - French to English

      3:31
    • 107. 78h - let's recap - English to French

      3:56
    • 108. 78i - let's recap - French to English

      3:30
    • 109. 79a - would like

      3:47
    • 110. 79b - wouldn't like

      3:24
    • 111. 79c - passer

      3:22
    • 112. 79d - spend & spent

      3:31
    • 113. 79e - les vacances

      3:26
    • 114. 79f - combien de temps

      3:20
    • 115. 79g - j'espère

      3:35
    • 116. 79h - nous espérons

      3:36
    • 117. 79i - on espère

      3:10
    • 118. 79j - seulement

      3:18
    • 119. 79k - if only...

      3:24
    • 120. 79l - j'espère que

      4:23
    • 121. 79m - "que" or "no que"

      4:43
    • 122. 79n - let's practise - English to French

      4:29
    • 123. 79o - let's practise - French to English

      3:59
    • 124. 79p - let's recap - English to French

      3:58
    • 125. 79q - let's recap - French to English

      3:00
    • 126. 80a - combien de

      3:26
    • 127. 80b - pour combien de temps

      3:22
    • 128. 80c - 4 forms of quel

      3:42
    • 129. 80d - practising with quel

      3:00
    • 130. 80e - do you prefer

      3:36
    • 131. 80f - je préfère

      3:15
    • 132. 80g - recap

      2:37
    • 133. 80h - let's practise - English to French

      4:43
    • 134. 80i - let's practise - French to English

      3:25
    • 135. 80j - let's recap - English to French

      4:17
    • 136. 80k - let's recap - French to English

      3:56
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to “3 Minute French - Course 9” The aim of this course is to make French accessible to anybody regardless of age, educational background or "aptitude" for learning. This course leads on from "3 Minute French – Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8" and new language structures are introduced to enable you to communicate in more situations when on holiday abroad.

My method for teaching French is simple but effective. It works for anybody, no matter what your requirements. I have been teaching foreign languages for over ten years and I’ve taught a wide range of students of all ages and backgrounds, including students with learning difficulties, so I know my method is accessible to absolutely anyone, with no exception.

With this course, it’s almost as if you have your very own language tutor at your beck and call. Take it with you wherever you are and have a quick listen to one of the lessons whenever you find yourself with three minutes to spare. You will be amazed at how much your language skills will develop after just a few minutes a day of study. You will start to learn the French language in a simple, logical and fun way.

You will learn a variety of words that you will learn to put together to form sentences that will be useful in any visit to France or any other French speaking country, and you'll learn how to put the words together to form sentences, saying exactly what you want.

PROGRESS TO THE NEXT COURSE

Once you have completed this course, if you would like to learn more French using the same method, you can wait for course 10 (coming soon!) or find my other French courses. Here are the links:

3 Minute French – Course 1

3 Minute French – Course 2

3 Minute French – Course 3

3 Minute French – Course 4

3 Minute French – Course 5

3 Minute French – Course 6

3 Minute French – Course 7

3 Minute French - Course 8

Additionally, I have a series of French courses called “Building Structures”. These courses use the same method found in the 3 Minute French courses, but they focus on building fluency by looking at the different structures of the French language. I recommend starting these courses once you’ve completed up to 3 Minute French – Course 3, and then you can work through both series simultaneously. Here are the links for the Building Structures in French courses on SkillShare:

Building Structures in French – Structure 1

Building Structures in French – Structure 2

Building Structures in French – Structure 3

Building Structures in French – Structure 4

Finally, if you want to explore the French language even further, I have some French grammar courses available. I’ve used the same method in these courses as I have in the other courses, so hopefully you’ll find them fun and interesting

French Grammar – Quick Guide – Verbs 1

Success in French Grammar – The Past Tense (aka the present perfect)

If you would like to learn a different language, I have the same courses above available in Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch. Just head to my SkillShare profile page to find them all: https://www.skillshare.com/user/3minutelanguages

Happy learning – Bon apprentissage

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Module. Have a new hello and welcome to three-minute French course nine. In this course, we're going to be working through lessons 72 to 80 of the three-minute French series. We have plenty of new vocabulary and lots of new grammar features to get through. And as always, there will be a huge amount of opportunities to practice everything we're learning. Plus, we will be recapping everything that we've been learning in the previous eight courses to make sure it's secure in our brains. I hope you enjoy this ninth course in this areas. And just like before, the layout and method is the same, the trick is to learn little and often on a regular schedule so that you maintain motivation and get into a good habit with learning French. And that way, you'll find you'll learn everything a little easier. Merci beaucoup. 2. 72a - the past tense: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French this morning? This afternoon. This evening, or tonight? To open. Opened. To close. Found me to start. Commons, see a show. Unspectacular, a film. I'm feeding in to watch her Gandhi. Now, in this lesson, we're going to learn a bit of grammar. Remember that we looked at the past tense quite a while back. Well, there is a little extra bit of information that we need to know about. Let's just start with a quick recap though. The past tense. The past tense in French is fairly easy. There are two parts, and here is an example with the names for each part. Gmo. Gmo j means I have eaten j. And it's made up of an auxiliary verb, j, meaning I have, and the past participle Mozi, meaning eaten. So j mod j means I have eaten. And you can change the word montage, which is the past participle to any verb you like, and you change the meaning of the sentence. So James, J, I have eaten. J funny means I have finished. Or j upon do I have weighted? If the original verb or the infinitive ended in ER, you change it to E with an accent to make the past participle. If it ends in IR, you change it to I, and if it ends in E, you change it to you. That works for most verbs. But of course, there were all the irregular verbs that we looked at as well, which do their own weird thing when becoming past participles. But most verbs do follow the rules. So that was just a quick recap of the past tense in French. 3. 72b - forms of AVOIR: There is one more thing that we need to go over with regards to the past tense, and that is what's known as verbs of movement. Now, the past tense may well be my favorite of all the French structures. However, it does have a little bit of an annoying feature. The trouble arrives when we look at the past tense in a little more depth. I've already said that the past tense in French consists of an auxiliary verb and the past participle. We learned all the different auxiliary verbs and we'll learn how to form the past participle. And it was all fine and dandy, even with those pesky irregular past participles. However, it isn't all plain sailing. In French, there is more than one type of auxiliary verb. We've seen the auxiliary verb, which means to have a mixing conjugate of y into the different persons. We have j, meaning I have to. You have ELA. He has a law. She has Ana, one has Pierre. Pierre has maria. Maria has loser von. We have who's IV? You have in zone. They have a zone. They have in the feminine or MRA own, meaning Pierre and Marie have. And then we learned that you can invert the auxiliary verb if you want to turn it into a question. Asia means have I or deny at you. Have you, or did you still has he or did he Has she did she atom has one audit, one PF atom has Pierre or did Pierre? Maria has Murray or did murray Avenue have WE or did we have a WGU? Have you or did you until Have they or did they have they or did they when you're speaking about a group of women and Pierre Henry Until have Pierre and Marie or did Pierre and Marie. So that was the auxiliary verb. And you can put any past participle onto the end of that. And then you have the past tense in French. 4. 72c - I have gone: So we've just seen the auxiliary verb Ofwat as it's conjugated. And you can use this auxiliary verb most of the time and a past participle on the end. However, there is a small group of verbs whose past participles demand a different auxiliary verb. The second of the reverb is eta, which literally means to be. Normally, with most verbs, you turn it into a past participle and then put it on the end of any form of the auxiliary verb. For example, a nice normal verb is Mangione, which means to eat Mangione. We take off the ER and replace it with an e with an accent and we get more j, meaning eaten. Then all we have to do is take any auxiliary verb. We can say J and J to homology. Homology meaning I have eaten, you have eaten, he has eaten, and so on. See how beautifully simple it is. Or you do is take an auxiliary verb and the past participle on the end. Now, let's look at one of the verbs that demands its own auxiliary verb. The verb I lay means to go, and the past participle is formed in the same way as usual. Or you have to do is take off the ER and replace it with an e with an accent and we get allay meaning gone. So you might think, Jay, I lay means I have gone, but that's wrong. You cannot say J LA in French. If you said Jay LA in France, thinking it men, I have gone, you will be loved and mocked out of the country. So how do we say, I have gone? Well, you say just three ALE is just so easily. Just three literally means I am. But when you put it with I lay its meaning changes to I have It's the only time that produced we will have a mean I have rather than I am. So you just squeeze alle means I have gone. This might seem a little bit strange to get your head around at first, but the more we go over it, the more normal it will start to become. Also, this isn't a completely foreign phenomenon. During the 16 hundreds and the 17 hundreds, English used to use b for some verbs as well. If you look at some books written during that time, you'll see this. The lady Valeria is coming to visit you is aligned from Shakespeare's tragedy, Coriolanus. You can see it says, The lady Valeria is come to visit you today. We would say the lady malaria has come to visit you. Even in the famous Christmas Carol, it goes joy to the world. The load is come. If it had been written today, it would have been Joy to the World. The load has come. But in old English, we used to use the verb to be or is with some verbs in the past tense to slightly do in French. For some reason or another, we stop using B in this way in English. Whereas in French, they still use eta instead of, Ofwat with certain groups of verbs. And we shall look at which waves they are in a moment. But for now, just know that is your Swiss alle. You just sweet. Dalai means I have gone. Or it can also mean I went. 5. 72d - ÊTRE as auxiliary verb: So we've just seen that you just easily can mean I have gone or I went. And just three comes from the verb, which means to be. Let's have a look at the other forms of the verb. I'll put what it actually means first and then what it means when you've put a past participle on the end of it in brackets afterwards. So eta means to be just three. Means I am. If you put a past participle after just three, it means I have, just like mommy said, use three means. I have gone to a two-way means you are. But with the past participle, it means you have LA. La, he is, or he has LA. La. She is. She has on a on a one is Pierre. Pierre. Pa is Opia has marry a Marie. Marie is 0. Murray has Newsome, knew some. We are or we have W2s. W2s it you are, or you have is song is zone. They are or they have insulin is zone. They are, or they have a Madison. Pierre MRA, some, meaning Murray and PAR, or dipolar passport is from the end, Marie and Pierre have. So you can put the past participle, I lay on the end of any of these auxiliary verbs, and you get the past tense. You use three. I'll just visually meaning I have gone or I went to a alle. To a alle. You have gone or you went or LA, LA LA Italy? He has gone or he went. And so you can liaise the T on the end of it with the a at the start of alle and say electorally, or just LA, LA. You can do the same with TA LA as well. You can liaise the S on the end of today with the start-up alley and you get to easily TAs alley. And we've already seen that with JESS3 alle. So you can say just three alle or just physically. 6. 72e - ÊTRE verbs: How do you say in French? I have gone you just three alle just visually. How would you say he has gone? La, LA or illegally? Now here is another verb that uses eta as its auxiliary verb rather than Ofwat. Party, or parties means to leave. And the past participle is party. So you just take off the IR and add an I, like normal party. So how would you say in French, I have left. You see Party, you sweep party. So, so far we've had alle, meaning gone and party meaning left, are two verbs that use just three rather than j to form the past tense. So they use eta rather than avoid. How would you say you have left to a party? To a party? Party. Party. How would you say he has left a party? A party. How would this APA has left a party? A party. Let's add another proverb. Are vv. Vv, it means to arrive are heavy. So that's not a verb that you would use etera with in the past tense rather than avoid. In fact, let's make a little list of the verbs that we've been learning that use eta, and we've had quite a few now. So the suburbs are ALE, which means to go, potty or meaning to leave, and RAV, meaning to arrive. So how would you say in French, I have arrived just Visa. Visa. You have arrived to a pay raise or eBay or visit our eBay. How would you say he has arrived? How would you say the train has arrived? Hey. 7. 72f - Mrs Van der Tramp: Let's add another verb. This next one is a little bit irregular. Veneer. Veneer means to come, but the past participle of veneer is the new spelled Vn you. So we have ID, bacteria are eBay and veneer as the four eta verbs. So far. How would you say in French, I have come early. Is you see Veneto? Just three. Veneto. How would you say you have gone to a venue to even visit venue? He has come late. 1111 outta the train has come. Eva, new, return, even new. So we now know that alle bacteria are eBay and veneer. Use eta as the auxiliary verb. But the group is a little bit bigger than just those four. In fact, there are 16 verbs altogether that use eta rather than halfway in the past tense. So let me introduce you somebody who will help you to remember the verbs that needs to use etera rather than halfway with their past participles. And that person is Mrs. Van de Trump. Who Ishi I can hear you scream. Well, Mrs. Van de Trump is actually an acronym that will help me to remember 14 of the 16 verbs that require eta in the past tense. We already know I lay, which accounts for one of the a's. We know bacteria, which accounts for the p. We know alleyway, which accounts for the second a. And then veneer, which accounts for the V. But let's have a look at the other ten verbs are the verbs that Mrs. Van, the term stand for our Monte, our entree. Satya near at eBay net. The sound entree or Latane. Tom, May of S day. I lay more here. And Patty. So the 14 verbs that Mrs. Van de Triomphe stands for, and all 14 of those verbs use eta plus the past participle rather than Ofwat. 8. 72g - the verbs of movement: So we've just seen 14 verbs that require eta as they are auxiliary verb in the past tense. They were Monte, entree, satyr, veneer, REV, Netter disowned her. Entree, or proton a Bombay, thus DE LA, Moriah and party. The one they mean. Well, you can call these verbs verbs of movement, because most of them involve some sort of movement. So you could say that the verbs of movement, or the verbs that need to use eta as the auxiliary verb in the past tense. We've had so far alle, which means to go a clear movement. We've had veneer, meaning to come. So that's a movement. Are evey to arrive and party, meaning to leave. So you can see that they're all some sort of movement. Well, let's go through 014 verbs and see what they mean. Monday. Monday means to go up a whole tray. Or entree means to go back. Satya. Satya means to go out. Veneer. Veneer means to come. At eBay. Ebay means to arrive. Net. Net means to be born. They saw Sandra. They Sandra means to descend. Entree. Entree means to enter a proton, a written a means to return. Tom, Hey, Tom Bay means to fall. A rest day. Rest day means to stay. Alle alle means to go. Maria. Maria means to die. And party or parties means to leave. So you can see how most of them have some sort of movement involved. Perhaps the more here verb to die doesn't really have a movement. But as far as you can imagine, it's moving from the life of the living to the life of the dead. Now, most of the verbs of movement are normal in how they form their past participles. If they end in ER, the ER becomes an E with an accent. If they end in IR, it becomes an I. And if they ended in RE, the RA becomes a U. However, there are a few that are irregular. So let's go through them now. So monte means to go up. And we can change the ER to an E with an accent. Monte means gone up or when top. Entree means to go back. And again, this is a normal one. So Han Fei with an accent on the E means gone back or went back. Satyr means to go out. Soft. T means going out or went out. Veneer. Veneer. This is an irregular one. It means to come and in the past participle, it becomes the new. Venue means comb or came. Our eBay. Ebay means to arrive, and it's a normal verb. In the past, we get aggravated with an accent on the E, meaning arrived. Neta means to be born. This one is very irregular. In the past participle we get nai, nai, which means was born. But we do use this in English to shape people's maiden names. So if you have a lady who's got married, you might see her write her new surname, followed by the letters n 0s, followed by her own name. And the letters n, e, ne mean born. And there's an extra e on the end because it's describing a lady. So the name means born as whatever the firstName was. So there'll be her new surname. And then nay, her own name. So name means was born. There. Sandra means to descend, and this is a normal verb. So we take the RE and replace it with a u and we get defcon do. And that means descended. Andre means to enter and entree with an accent on the E means entered. A Hutton. A means to return a rotten day with an accent on the E, means returned. Tom Bay means to fall. And Tom Bay with an accent on the E, means fallen or fail. So these are all regular verbs so far. Unless day means to stay. If I stay with an accent on the IID means stayed, I lay means to go. And then alle with an accent on the E means gone or went. More. Here is another irregular verb in the past, we get more, which means died more. And finally, bacteria means to leave and puffy t means left. So the early irregular ones really were veneer, which becomes the new net, which becomes ne, and Moriah, which becomes more. And all of the verbs in this Mrs. Van der Trump list use as their auxiliary verb. 9. 72h - practise verbs of movement: How would you say in French, what have they done? What did they do? Contain Fe, constant PFE. What did they drink? Continue. Continue. What have they drunk? What have you eaten? Or what did you eat? Co2. Co2. Or cavewoman G. Has the understood until complete. Did he understand? What have they said? Continue. Continue. What did they say? Continually. Continually. Speak English. Only. Has he spoken with Pierre. Did she call yesterday? 10. 72i - ÊTRE in a question: You can take the auxiliary verb eta and inverted in the same way as we did with Ofwat. Or you have to do is switch the verb with the subject pronoun and put a hyphen in the middle. However, one good thing is identity to put a T in the middle for Il, l or on, because the word a EST already ends in the letter T. Just like with the other auxiliary verb, it can mean two things in English. So we have just three. Means. I am or I have when you place it in front of a past participle. If you invert this, you get sweet. Sweet Azure, which means have I or did I, but only when you place a past participle on the end of it. To a, inverts and becomes a2. A2, which means have you or did you ELA, ELA inverts and becomes a til. Meaning has he or did he LA, inverts and becomes et al. Et al. Means has she or did she on a, becomes Aidan At Dawn? Which means has one or did one. Pra becomes Pierre. Pierre means has Pierre or did Pierre. Similarly, Matthiae becomes my ETL. Murray et al. Meaning has Murray or did Marie Newsome. Newsome can invert and it becomes some new some new, meaning halfway. Or did we 2-SAT inverts to become at foo? At WGU means have you or did you, when you place it in front of a past participle? Is sun, is sun becomes Santillana. Santillana meaning have they or did they. Similarly, L zone becomes son tell, which also means have they or did they, if you're talking about a group of female nouns or a group of women. Finally, Mary APR, song becomes mathy, APL, Santa, Maria APR, so on till, meaning half Marie and Pierre. Oh, Did Marie and Pierre. So you can use the verbs of movement or the Mrs. Van der Trump verbs as questions now as well. Or you have to do is use one of these inverted auxiliary verbs and then put a past participle on the end. 11. 72j - feminine & plural: How would you say in French, when did you arrive? A2. A2 or a1? A2 and EV content W2s REV. What time did the train leaves? Caligula was born in Paris. Why did he come? Widows? Will be new, new. New, new. Whom did you go out with last night? Effect key issues of t ES1, Avik key issues of T0 S1, or a vector Q0 at reus of t ESY. Have a key at boost of t ESY. Feminine and plural. When you're dealing with the verbs of movement or the Mrs. Van der tram verbs, you have to be careful when the subject is feminine and plural. Firstly, if the subject is L or any feminine name or noun, then you have to add an extra e to the end of the past participle. This is only with the verbs of movement. Secondly, if the subject is ill, ILS, if it's new, meaning we, or if it's any plural name or noun, then you have to add an S to the end of the past participle. Again, this is only with the verbs of movement or the Mrs. Van der term verbs. Finally, if the subject is L E, L, L E S, or if the subject is any feminine plural name, or noun, you have to add an ES to the end of the past participle. So if the subject is feminine, you add an e, plough, you add an S, and feminine plural, you add an ES. Let's have a look at what this means. So if you said, for example, Tito, in a party TO that means he left early. But if you wanted to say she left early, you would have to add an extra e to the end of bacteria. It's pronounced the same, but in writing, it's about PAR TIE. So you get L a party to enter, a party to, meaning she left early. So the masculine is PA RTI, and the feminine is PAR TIE. If you make it plural, you have to add an s. So if you wanted to say, they left early, you will say innocent party to. Again, the word party sounds the same, but this time it has an S on the end. So it's spelt PAR T. S is some party to the left early. So that's a masculine plural. If you want to use a feminine plural subject, then you have to add an ES to the end of the past participle. For example, Murray and Sophie left early. Mathy, a Sufi, some packet Tito, marie a sophie, some part Tito. And so this time you've got Patty spelled PAG RTI, ES. And so it's pronounced the same as all the others, but it has an extra E S on the end. 12. 72k - making the past participle agree: We've just learned that when you're using the verbs of movement or the Mrs. Van der Trump verbs. If the subject is feminine, you have to add an extra e to the end of the past participle. If the subject is plural, you have to add an S to the end of the past participle. And if the subject is feminine plural, you have to add an extra ES to the end of the past participle. Now the subject Lew will always be plural because it's always talking about more than one person. But it could also be feminine plural. Similarly, the subject WGU, could be plural or feminine plural depending on who the people are. In speaking, the endings can't be heard most of the time, so don't worry too much about them is more important to remember them in writing. Also, the subjects, meaning I or two, meaning you could be feminine if you're a woman or you're talking to a woman. In either case, you would have to add an e to the end of the past participle. Just in case you're wondering, this is called agreeing the participle. You have to make it agree with the subject of the sentence. So let's have a look at all the forms of Alley, meaning to go. So just Sui, alle, just me, I lay means I have gone. Now, you can add an extra e to this if you're a girl. So the past participle alle can be spelled ALL E with an accent or a ALL E with an accent. If you want, say you have gone, you can say to a alle. And again, the two could be feminine, in which case you would add an extra e to a allele. He has gone would always be in Italy. In Italy with no extra left on the end. She has gone would always be L, Italy. In Italy with an extra e on the end. We have gone, well the word WE or new is always plural. So it's always going to have an S on the end of the past participle. But it could also be feminine plural, which means you would have to add an E S to the end of the past participle. So new songs I li, lu Psalms, I lay. The past participle alle could be spelled ALL E with an accent S or a, ALL E with an accent ES. You have gone with WGU could be plural, singular or feminine plural. So it could just be W2s at delay with ALL E, with an accent as the past participle. It could be plural verbs at alle with an S on the end. It could be feminine, W2s, Italy with an e on the end. Or it could be feminine plural vu that alle with an E S on the end. So it all depends on whom you're speaking to. They have gone with ELL, ILS will always be just plural. So you would always just add an s innocently in Santa Fe, with alle being spelled ALL E with an accent S. Similarly, they have gone with ELL. Ell ES is always feminine plural, so you would always add an E and S. So it would be mentally ill son today with ILA being spelled ALL with an accent, ES. 13. 72l - which endings to add?: Try and remember the following rules. If the subject is masculine, there is no change. If the subject is feminine, you add an extra e. If the subject is plural, you add an extra S. And if the subject is feminine plural, you add an extra ES. Let's look at some examples with bacteria. So if a party means he left LA party with an extra e means she left. New song party with an S, means we left. And l, some party with an ES means they left. Also, you should note these things as well. The word, the word zoo can be masculine or feminine. The word q can be masculine or feminine. The word new can be masculine, plural, feminine plural. The word Wu can be anything, so it can be singular or plural, masculine or feminine. The word ill, ILS is always masculine plural, and the word ELL, ELL ES is always feminine plural. So how would you say in French, when did he arrive? Hey, quantity REV for lava. Dome BY Murray has left. Murray, a Patty Murray. She went to the cinema L Italy. Cinema L Italy or cinema. Marie and Pierre went top. Mary APL someone day. Marie APL someone day. Why did you leave early? A2 Bowtie2. T2 or T2? T2. 14. 72m - practise with agreements: How would you say in French, have Marie and Pierre going to Paris? Mary APL. Apl. Did Murray Stay here? Mary. Mary. Have they left some Tea Party. Where was she born? When did Marie and Pierre leave? Marie APS on Tea Party? He stayed at the hotel. Hotel. Stay. Why did they go together? But Santi's alle ensembling ensemble. Have Marie and Sophie can review. Until we knew of x2 or x2. You return last year. Lenny down here, Danielle. Danielle. 15. 72n - more practise with agreements: How would you say in French? When did I go to Spain? Hispania, Espana. Y Have you gone back to Paris? But it did Sophie and Marie come together until the new ensemble. So the new ensemble has he died. They went back to London alone. Alone. I went top. Monte. Monte has gone Italy, Italy. Maria and Sophie went back to France by train. On time. My son has gone out of t t f of t. As she returned. It. Has Marie going out. T t t. 16. 72o - Mrs Van der Tramp's husband: Mrs. Van der Trump's husband. We've seen 14 verbs of movement now, but I did say originally that they were 16. And there are two more that I want to bring to your attention now. Do veneer and revenue. The verb means to become, whilst 11-year means to comeback. And they are actually relatives of the verb veneer, which means to come. Remember how veneer in the past participle becomes venues. Well, if you look at do veneer and revenue in the past participle, you'll see why they're related. Do veneer becomes revenue. So the veneer means to become and develop. New means become or became. And Avenir becomes revenue. And the revenue means to comeback. And revenue means comeback or came back. So Lavinia, Lavinia are the two extra webs of movement. The good thing is that these two verbs can slot into a little acronym quite easily. You see Mrs. Van der Trump has a husband, just happens to be a doctor. So the acronym is now misses and Dr. Van de trump, the MRS, is Monday entree and soft year. The doctor is the veneer and revenue, the extra two little verbs. And then Van der Trump, we've got veneer, alleyway, Neta, the Sandra entree written a Tom bay, a rest day. I lay Maria and bacteria. Misses. And Dr. Van de Trump is a good acronym you can use to remember those 16 verbs of movement. Let's go over them all one more time. Monte means to go up. A Han Fei means to go back. Soft tier means to go out. Do veneer, to become a revenue, to comeback, veneer, to come at eBay, to arrive, network, to be born. They, sandra to descend, entree, to enter a Latane, to return. Tom May to fall. Fs day to stay. I lay to go. Moriah means to die, and parties means to leave. So they are the 16 verbs of movement. And all of these verbs take eta as the auxiliary verb rather than halfway. When you're talking about the past tense. 17. 72p - revenir & devenir: How would you say in French? Has he comeback? Revenue? Revenue. Marie didn't come back. Mary, revenue. Revenue for PA has become friends with Louis Pierre. Louis. Pierre Louis. Why did he leave a tea party? I came by yesterday. Just we have a new IEP. We have a new IEP. I was born in England, but I came to find seven years ago. A major CV, newer forms, acetone. Acetone. When was she born? It isn't a quantitative me. Where were they born? He went out yesterday and he came back this morning. A Sumatra, a stomata. 18. 72q - recap so far: Let's have a quick run through of all the words that we've learned in this lesson so far. If it were available of movement, how would you say in French, I have is you see, you have in the singular informal QA. He has Elaine, she has LA. We have Newsome. You have in the singular formal or the plural W2s it, they have masculine is some. They have feminine. Insulin. To go Monti, to stay, at rest day, to go out. Soft tissue. To become, to come back to Kuhn. Veneer, to go Alley. To be born, to go down. This entre, to go in. Okay. To go back to fall. Tom, me, to return, to arrive, to die, to leave parties. Going up or went top. Monte, stayed, gone out or went out. Salty. Become or became a new comeback or came back? A revenue com okay. Venue. Gone or went being born or was born. Gone down or went down? This on you. Going in or when tin entree. Gone back or went back? Fallen or fail. Tom be returned. Alright, Tony arrived, died. More. Left. 19. 72r - two meanings: Two meanings. We saw when we looked at the past before, that there are always two ways to talk about this past tense in English, but there's just the one way in French. In English, you can either say I have fallen or I fell. But in French is always just sweet Bombay just we don't be. What are the two things that this phrase could mean in English? Just easily. Just easily. I have gone or I went to LA, to ALA. You have gone or you went visit LA Rosetta. You have gone or you went revenue. Revenue. He has come back, or he came back. Lose some Monte. Monte. We have gone up or we went top. Murray, a Tommie Murray, a Tom Brady. Murray has fallen. Or marie fell. In some venue. You some of the new they have comb or they came. Let's have a quick look at both English versions of the past participles of all the waves of movement. Just be driven. You just speed the venue. Can mean I have become or I became. Revenue is just three. Oliver knew I have comeback or I came back. As you see, Monte is just three Monday. I have gone up. I went top. You just sweet high. Stay. Stay. I have stayed. Or I stayed. You just miss RT is just three soft t. I have gone out. I went out. You just leave a new just Sweave a new I have cone. I came just easily. Just visually. I have gone or I went just we may just be me. I was born. This one's only got one version. Just be this and you would just be this undo. I have gone down or I went down. You just miss on tray is just sweet entree. I have gone in or I went in. You just be haunt three is just 300 tray. I have gone back or I went back. Is your sweet on me? Is your sweet Bombay. I have fallen or I fail. You just heard only just be hot on a I have returned or I returned. You just without even just with our eBay. I have arrived. I arrived. Just fema. Just fema. I have died or iodide is your sweet Patty. I have left or I left. 20. 72s - the negative past: The negative past. You know how to form the negative past with Ofwat as the auxiliary. Well, it's the same idea with eta as the auxiliary. You simply make the conjugation of eta negative. And the negative conjugation of eta is unity bar plus B bar. Meaning I'm not. I haven't. To need to. Nepa, meaning you're not or you haven't eaten a bar in a path? He isn't or he hasn't. Any bar in an EPA? She isn't or she hasn't. Pr PL nepa Pierre isn't all pia hasn't. Marinade BPA, Mytilene, AICPA. Marie isn't all Murray hasn't. On nepa. Nepa. One isn't, or one hasn't. Newness, samba, samba. We aren't or we haven't. Vanessa. Vanessa, you aren't or you haven't eaten the samba, samba. They aren't or they haven't. N the samba, samba. They own, they haven't. Maori APL and Lusaka, monkey APL and the Samba. Marie and Pierre, aunt or Marie and Pierre haven't. So how would you say in French, I haven't left degeneracy property. She hasn't arrived in a bizarre EV in a TV. They haven't fallen in the zone. Baton be innocent, but don't be just like always there or to wait to talk about the negative passed in English, but only one way in French. In English, you can either say, I haven't fallen or I didn't fall. But in French, both of these would be translated as ASP baton, the GSP domain. So what would be the two ways to translate this phrase into English? Gina, see Pacioli. Pacioli. I haven't gone or I didn't go. 21. 72t - questions in the past: What would be the two ways in English to translate the sentence into some bizarre eBay. Either some RFA, they haven't arrived or they didn't arrive. Venue. Venue. She hasn't cone or she didn't come. New Nissan pasty newness on pass of t. We haven't gone out or we didn't go out. In a bummer. In a bummer. He hasn't died or he didn't die. Questions in the past. You know how to ask questions in the past width of whack as the auxiliary verb. Well, it's the same idea with eta as the auxiliary verb. You have to do is take the normal auxiliary verb and then switch the subject pronoun around with the verb. So Sui Zhu means Hawaii or deny. A2 is have you or did you it still has he or did he has she did. She has Pierre. Pierre, Maria Della has Murray or did Marie? Aidan has one or that one? Some new Have we all did we at WGU? Have you or did you Santillana have VA or did they have day or the day? If it's a group of feminine nouns. Marie AP axon still have Marie and Pierre, or did Marie and Pierre. And all you have to do is put a past participle onto the end of that. And you've got a question in the past tense. So how would you say in French, had she left? Helper T et al party has arrived. 22. 72u - "has he" vs "did he": How would you say in French? Have they gone? Santillana. Santillana. Or where did they go? Oh, when did the train arrive? Latane ATI IV call neutrality law PV. Now just like always, there are two ways to ask questions in the past in English, but only one way in French. For example, in English, you can either say, Has he arrived or did he arrive in French? Both of these would be NT Live Aid at the LRA. So what would be the two different ways to translate? Allie. Where has it gone? Oh, where did he go? Have they left or did they leave? It till venue. Venue. Has she did she come? T2. T2. Why has he left early or why did he leave any et al. Has she died? Or did she die? With this sentence, the word mocked is in the feminine because it has she'd idol, did she die? Most of the time when you add an e to the end of the past participle, it makes no difference to the pronunciation. But if a past participle ends in a consonant like the web, more MRT. Adding the E makes you pronounce the continent, so normally has more. But when you add the E is marked. 23. 72v - negative questions in the past: Negative questions in the past. You know how to ask negative questions in the past width as well as the auxiliary verb. And it's the same idea with eta as the auxiliary verb. All we do is take the normal, inverted or good reverb, put the word no and E in front of it, and the word PAS after it. And then you put the past participle on the end and you have a negative question. So NAS visual bar means haven't I or didn't tie. Native bar means haven't you or didn't you? Net steel bar. Hasn't he didn't he? Net l bar, hasn't she or didn't she? Hasn't Pierre or didn't Pierre? Marie net L bar. Hasn't Murray or didn't Marie net on path hasn't won or didn't want Nussbaum, Luba, haven't we all didn't we net UPA, haven't you or didn't you? Listen till bar, haven't they or didn't they? Haven't they, or didn't they in the feminine? And Mary APL means haven't Marie and Pierre or didn't Marie and Pierre. So how would you say in French, hasn't she left? Hasn't arrived. Haven't they left the party? Why didn't we go out? Ti ti. 24. 72w - "hasn't he" vs "didn't he": Just like always, there are two ways to ask negative questions in the past in English. However, there is just one way in French. For example, hasn't he come? And didn't he come, are both translated in the same way in French, you would say revenue. Revenue. So what would be the two different ways in English to say nettle puzzle a puzzle a. Hasn't he gone? Oh, didn't he go? Backpack, Tea Party? Haven't they left or didn't leave? Net revenue? Net revenue. Hasn't she couldn't or didn't succumb. But native property, poor quality, tea. Why hasn't the train left? Oh, why didn't the train leave? Net? Net you pass alle. Haven't you gone or didn't you go? I've been to one last thing to mention before we move on from the verbs of movement in the past tense is how to say, I've been to friends. This is a very short sentence in English. What you would literally say in French, instead of, I've been to France is I've gone to friends, which is just Visa Leon forms. Whenever you see any form of B12, you should always see if you can change the sentence to a different sentence using Go, and then you can use the web I lay in French. For example, have you been to funds? Well, you can't change that to have you gone to friends. So in French you would say A2 allele on cons, a2 allele on phones. Where have you been? Well, you could say, where did you go? And it means the same thing. In French, you would say x2, a2, a2, LA. Or I haven't been to friends. Well, you could say I haven't gone to friends. Which means in French you would say Xunzi Pacioli on phones, Xunzi puzzle Liam phones. So how would you say have they been to Italy? Santi's Leon, Italy isn't easily on Italy. 0 sum tells a lie. On Italy. Sundays I lay on Italy. Has he been to the restaurant? Whereas Mary Bien Phu say, you would say literally infringe, where has marine gone? Did Marie go? 25. 72x - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How would you say in French, I've gone a bit mad? Or literally you would say, I've become a bit mad. New and powerful. New Ampere foo. We born here in front 1808 ECM phones. Phones or ooh. Ooh, ne, ECM forms. They returned last week. Last month or last McDaniels. He left five minutes ago. In a minute. Ilia sank minute, didn't die. When did you come back? E2 revenue, column a2, revenue or revenue? Revenue. We went on holiday to friends last year. On phones, landed anywhere on phones. If she stayed here with us. La LA LSD EC of the train hasn't arrived. Hey, Murray and Sophie came to London yesterday. Marry somebody new alone. Marry somebody new allantois, EF 26. 72y - let's practise - French to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? You have arrived early. The left two days ago. Pia hasn't come today. So ATC ADC, Syfy has left, but Murray is here. I didn't go out. I was born in England. New songs, I lay on backbones. We went on holiday. Why did they go back? Even knew X1, x2, y2, a2. A2. Where did you stay? 27. 72z - let's recap - English to French: What we're going to do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How would you say in French? You spent a week in Paris in cement Apache or a passe in cement Apache. They serve breakfast from seven o'clock until 10 o'clock at the hotel? A DCF. Is it good? Excuse a bone. Is a bone. I didn't forget. Possibly. Possibly. How much is the breakfast? Is she at the restaurant? Where do you want to have lunch later? Oh, no, that isn't for her. Not sustain a no. It isn't for me. Today. I would like a room with a king size bed. Ha 28. 72z2 - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What are these French sentences mean in English? But it isn't always hear. Me. Is half-past seven. J invite you. I have a car. Be happy. Are you going to pay the bill now? Hogan? It's too big. Too big. I had to call yesterday. A bit smaller for me, please. What is the restaurants address? How much is it for ten days? 29. 73a - recap of the verbs of movement: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French? I have, if it's a verbal movement, you have to a 2-SAT. He has LA. She has LA. We have Newsome. They have is some to go. Monte, to stay, stay. To go out. Soft TEA, to become driven year. To comeback. Avenir. To come near. To go. I lay to be born. Need to go down this sun. To go in on K. To go back. Hi, to fall. Tom Bay, to return, to arrive at eBay, to die, to leave. Parties going up or went top. Monte, stayed, stay, gone out or went out. Soft t become o became new. Comeback or came back. I have a new comb or came the new gone or went alle being born or was born. Name gone down or went down. This only going in or when tin entree gone back or went back onto a fallen or fail. Tom be returned, arrived, died. More. Left. 30. 73b - devoir in the present tense: Now here is a very useful web which is also an infinitive carrier. Dubois. Dubois. It means to have two. Dubois. The WEB Dubois is an irregular verb in the present tense, but you'll find that most infinitive carriers are very irregular in French. So let's look at the present tense conjugation of the verb DuBois. Dubois means to have two, or it can also mean most. You should. Gua. Gua means I must. All I have to. Todos. Todos means you must or you have to yield. Gua. Gua means hemostat or he has to L-dopa. L-dopa. She must, or she has to. Lou Dong. New Duvall means we must all we have to. Voodoo. Voo means you must or you have to yield. Dwight means they must or they have to. And L-Dopa. L-dopa means they must or they have to. When you're talking about a group of feminine nouns. You can put any infinitive on the end of d'Ivoire. Don't forget that the infinitive is the hole form of the verb that ends in ER, IR, or E. So how would you say in French, I have to leave now. Should VOIP Actium Antony is you'd want patio maintenance. We have to pay the bill. New davon, pay a legacy on new driven by a lady Sian. You must speak French. To drop by lifeform, same to-do app palate can see, or Voodoo a palindrome, same. Voodoo they, ballet Francais. Murray has to go. Mary. Mary 31. 73c - devoir negative: How would you say in French, I can't come today, I have to do something. You do affect glucose shows. You shouldn't have any issues. They must be here at five o'clock tomorrow morning. Hey, Tracy as Sankey. L do have a Tracy as Sankey the mama. I have to leave at nine PM. You should wipe bacteria Avante ion. You should watch bacteria Avante on the train must be here. Latane and Duarte, Tracy Latane and what that Tracy. The WEB Dubois can mean most or to have two. But when it's used in the negative, it always expresses forbidding. So here's the negative present tense conjugation of the verb d'Ivoire with its English meanings. So Joi was I most or I have to. Zun bwa ha, means I must not. Juno Dropbox. To do means you must 2NO2 APA, you must not Yield Bois he most eland Wagga. He must not. Ldr means she must or she has to. L Nadella means she must not. New. The von means we must New Nevada. We must not. Voodoo. They means you must woo Nadeau vapor. You must not yield, which means they must either dwarf, they must not. Similarly, L dwarf means they must, and l know dwarf means they must not. So how would you say in French, I mustn't leave late. Just be careful with the WEB Dubois in the negative. Even though in the positive, joie can mean I'm most all I have to. In the negative, it can only mean I must not. If you want to say, I don't have to, they have to say something else which we shall look at in a bit. So in the negative, d'Ivoire means most not. 32. 73d - devoir as a question: How would you say in French, I mustn't leave late June. We mustn't arrive too early. New total. New medieval on Piazza have a total. He mustn't go to Paris. You must not call me today. I'm very busy. Map layout. Should we pay to be or WGU in a debate? Pam Apollyon, should we just say occupy una, do they PAM, or Paleogene? Should we try to occupy? I mostly eat too much. I'm going to the restaurant later with PF for dinner. But hormone or vasopressin. Palatini. Is U visa a restaurant? You pull the knee. Now you can easily form questions with d'Ivoire in the same way as we usually do. You just invert the verb with the subject pronoun. So do Azure to Azure means do I have to do had to do that to you? Is do you have to do and what does he have to do at L means does she have to live on new div on new means? Do we have to do a boo? Boo means do you have to do I have till? Till? Do they have to? And do I have do I have do they have to? And again, you can put any infinitive on the end of any of these and you have a question. 33. 73e - avoir à...: How do you say in French, what do you have to do? Or when do we have to go easily? What do I have to do now? Sentinel. Sentinel. Why do we have to leave now? Sentinel? What time do we have to be that tonight? Our color swatch that div or neutralize as well. So we've seen now that if you say Woo do, it can mean either you must or you have to. However, if you make it negative, vu, new debate bar only means you must not. So how do you say you don't have to? Well, if you want to say that something isn't obligatory, you can use the verb Ofwat, which means to have and put it in a negative followed by the word. For example, you need POSIX. You need means. I don't have to, and you can put any verb on the end of that. I don't have to go, I'd have to eat is unique among J. To Napa. Too narrow POSIX means you don't have to eat and our POSIX Nepantla. He doesn't have to El Paso. El Paso. She doesn't have to. Nunavut on Piazza. New novel on Piazza. We don't have to. Now you can't use any of these by themselves. You have to put a verb on the end. So it'll be we don't have to do something. So you can put any infinitive after noon hour on Piazza Navona. Have a POSIX, Wu Navi POSIX. You don't have to Elon POSIX, Elon POSIX data and have two and L non bizarre, L non bar. They don't have to. 34. 73f - practise with avoir à...: How would you say in French? You don't have to come with me. Oh, you don't have to be sarcastic. To Napa Osaka SDK. Sdk. Sdk. Sarcastic. We didn't have to go to the supermarket today. Nunavut, bizarrely. They didn't have to call me if they're busy. Oh, Pierre doesn't have to buy a souvenir for me. Everything is very expensive. Pf not bizarre stay and souvenir today to share. Today pressure. I didn't have to leave until tomorrow. Plaza bacteria use Kadima. Use Kadima. You don't have to help me. To Napa midi. 35. 73g - vouloir in the present tense: Here's another very useful web which also happens to be an infinitive carrier. Vulva. Vulva means to want. The verb of Galois, just like all infinitive carriers, is an irregular verb in the present tense. So let's go through the present tense conjugation of this verb. If you have UVA means I want to, the tuber means you want IL-7, means he wants Elvis. Elvis. She wants new villain. Lu Bu means we want wu Wei. Wu Wei. You want? It means they want. Elvis. Elvis means they want. And you can put any infinitive on the end of any form of Galois. So how would you say in French, I want to leave now? Is you have a Actium Antony. We want to pay the bill. Pompeii. Pompeii. We want to speak French. Nouveau Pauli. Murray wants to go. Mary verbally. Verbally. They want to come with those new new PA wants to call me the mapply. Mapply. She wants to buy that, but it's very expensive. Miss it. Miss it. 36. 73h - vouloir negative: Let's have a look at the verb Galois in the negative. So as you means, I want Zooniverse, Xunzi means I don't want to. Vr means you want to know the bar. You don't want. It. Means he wants and he'll never bar 11 bombings. He doesn't want L means she wants L liver bar means she doesn't want. New Fulang means we want and new novel on par. We don't want. Valais was you want and UX. Ui path means you don't want. Eval and Elvis mean they want is they don't want. And L novel also means they don't want. So how would you say in French, I don't want to leave too late. Pierre doesn't want to arrive too early. The total bizarre anyway, Toto, he doesn't want to go to Paris. Even overpass Alia party in the basale layer party. I don't want to call Lucy now, I'm too busy. Plaza play Lucy mantle is your sweet TO occupation. You should have a Passat relay leucine and snow would just be topical bay. They don't want to eat at the restaurant. Universe. Or has the home or home. 37. 73i - vouloir as a question: Finally, you can easily form questioned with vulva in the same way as we usually do. Or we have to do is invert the subject pronoun with the verb and then put a hyphen in the middle. So usually means I want version is, do I want to VR? Is you want the two. The two means, do you want? It? Means he wants routine. Is, does he want Enver? Means she wants vertex? Does she want new Boulogne? Means we want voila, new rule on new means. Do we want Vulli is you want a boo. Boo means do you want. It? Means they want and voltage. Vl till means do they want. Similarly, Elvis L means they want. And Voltaire means do they want. So how would you say in French, what do you want to do? Or Windows PA one to go. Copy of the TLA. He wants to eat here. Why do they want to leave now? Till what time you want to go to the restaurant tonight? Again, the Q&A or has the answer sois or Achilles, Valais, Wu, allay or has answered sois. Actually volleyball delay or Hassan's the SWA. 38. 73j - recap so far: The infinitive carriers that we learned in this lesson are really useful. So I recommend you spend a little time going over them and memorizing them. Have a go a building some of your own sentences with them and really get used to using them because they will definitely come in handy. We've had issued one, which means I must do I have to to do you must draw, you have to. It'll Bois. He must or he has to l schwa. She must or she has to know davon. We must all we have to voodoo, they do most, or you have to use dwarves. They must, or they have to L guava. They must. All they have to. If it's talking about a group of feminine nouns. Then we had UVA, which means I want to, VR means you want silver. He wants Alva, she wants new Fulang. We want wu Wei. You want? They want and they want. And then we said if you wanted to say that, I don't have to do something, use a Janae Piazza gene, a POSIX either have to tuna POSIX. You don't have to ENR POSIX. He doesn't have to end. Now POSIX, she doesn't have to move on Piazza. We don't have to woo Navi plaza. You don't have to. Even on Piazza. They don't have to. L non bizarre data and 2.5. And so all of those infinitive carriers can be used with an infinitive. So you can put any variable on the end and you can make a sentence. 39. 73k - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French? I have to leave in five minutes. Minute. Minute. She must not eat that pizza is for Sophie. Pizza. It apostrophe. L, Pizza. A lipo Sophie. I don't have to go until tomorrow. You scotoma. You scotoma. Why do I have to go with you? Oh, we didn't want to eat at the hotel. We want to go to a restaurant. You didn't have to help me if you busy. To Napa amide, C2 AMQP to Napa midi sequence occupation. Or una Vipassana made AC, who's at occupy? Una Vipassana Medici was occupy. She has to call Pierre. Pierre. I don't want to buy it. It's too expensive. They want to walk bound to go in the car. Or IPA. I lay on what we want to start now. Same antenna. 40. 73l - let's practise - French to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse transactions. What do these French sentences mean in English? In on Piazza Fasciola is you put two fair? In non bizarre Fasciola data. I have to do that. I can do everything. Either point all the time. May ellipse 50 minute IV upon a time, may eat a party. He wants to take the train, but it left ten minutes ago. She wants to say something important. Motor they have to do. He doesn't want to go to safeties house. Gb RAM, Blanca, gingiva, GB RAM, long enough. I must not drink too much wine. I drank a bottle of white wine yesterday. You Vermont, Rosa Marie UV, Monterey, Calico shows MRA. I want to show something to Marie J. J. Invite to you. You didn't have to take the train? I have a car. He must be Mr. blue. They must have enough money. 41. 73m - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. Had to say in French, it's absolutely delicious. Synapsids. Synapsids, you, Mondelez here. They have the issues in red at you, at you. Or have a boo. Boo, say show soon. Are you trying some French food later? Sha-2. Sha-2, Delano hit your Francaise, Plutarch or SAE, ooh, ooh, glenoid. Where are you going to have lunch? Or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh point holiday. Haven't we hide the car for two weeks. Lab at your produce Min. Min. I'm going to try and arrive early. Is you basically say, Hey, can I take that? May I have a room for tonight, please? Propose XYZ. Pa is here. Pierre ADC, the FITC. I'm not going at eight o'clock. I'm getting at half-past eight. Zubaida, we iterate the me me. 42. 73n - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What do these friends sentences mean in English? Do you have that in green? The food is very good. As I can. I try that please. Mary. Hasn't Marie cold. There are some taupe Gua gua. Take the exit towards Santa Fe and then go straight on quarter past to ERA till I say Coppola pizza. Pizza. Was there enough money in the room for the pizza? I couldn't go last year because I had no money. May see. I'm learning French, but it's quite difficult. How much is it for one month? 43. 74a - pouvoir in the present tense: Let's start with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French, I must or I have to Joi, you Maslow, you have to, to BWA or Woo, do they hemos draw? He has to yield one. She must or she has to. L schwa. We must, all we have to New Dawn. And they must, or they have to. Or I want Java. You want to VR or wu, wu Wei. He wants, she wants. Ever. We want Nouveau long. They want. Or I don't have to join a POSIX. You don't have to do not bizarre. Navi Plaza. He doesn't have to eat and she doesn't have to. L Now POSIX, we have two new Nussbaum POSIX. They don't have to in on Piazza or non bizarre. Now, here's a very useful verb and it's another infinitive carrier. It means can, or to be able to. Poor Law. And just like we've seen now with d'Ivoire and vulvar, the infinitive carriers in French tend to be extremely irregular and patois is no exception. So here's the present tense conjugation of Joppa. Zipper means I can or I am able to super duper. You can, or you're able to infer. It means he can or he is able to LPAR. Lpar. She can or she is able to no proven new proven means. We can or we are able to wu Wei, wu Wei. You can or you are able to. If they can or they are able to. And L L Bev, they can, or they are able to. So that's poor voir. And you can put any infinitive on the end of any of these forms of poor voir. And that's the verb that ends in IR, ER or IRE. And you've got a sentence. 44. 74b - pouvoir negative: How would you say in French? I can see it. You can leave now to put back the amount anon Bakhtiar maintenance or wu Wei. Wu Wei Marie can go to we can buy something below into the supermarket. Polynesian, a marshy. They can come with us if they want. Vinny havoc new silver. Silver or Elbert, Vinny havoc, new CLV, LPAR Venera back new CLV. Can do that. The FAFSA, Professor, Sophie and Marco can help me tomorrow. So phi a Moscow per middleman. So F0 a Moscow demand. Now let's have a look at putting the PUFA into the negative present tense. So juniper, Juniper means I can't tune baba. Baba means you can't. Even a baba. Baba means he can't l, know Pippa. L-dopa means she can't. New Nepantla. New Nepantla means we can't. Wu Wei. Wu. Wu Wei means you can't. Even at birth. By birth bar means vacant. And Ellen above bar, l bar means they can't. 45. 74c - practise with pouvoir: How would you say in French? I can't see it. Lavoie. You can't leave until tonight. During Pippa, bacteria use gases. Gases, or movie papa, papa use gas as well. Marie can't come with us the courage to small marina. Lava. Lava, a topic that we can't buy that it's much too expensive. Newly proven Pesach data, say book called hoBshare, new data, say beaucoup. They can't see it. In even a pile of voir or Lavoie. Lavoie. Pa can't do it, but I can try to help. May you best ADD the day. Safety. Can't find the passports. Sophie. Sophie. He can't come tomorrow. In the purple veneer of the man. 46. 74d - pouvoir as a question: Now you can easily form questions with the WEB Dubois in the same way as we use it in. You just invert the verb with the subject pronoun. The only strange thing to remember with this verb is something we've already seen. Remember that means I can, but when you invert it, it becomes pleasure. Pui S hyphen J, E. Instead of Persia. That's the only strange thing to remember with this verb. So let's have a look at the question form of PUFA. So as you per means I can or I am able to measure means can I measure? Two means. You can or you're able to put to put two means. Can you? Lpa means he can. And petiole. Petiole means can he. Just remember that whenever you invert the verb with the subject pronoun, you have to put a hyphen in between the two. Lpar means she can and Patel means Kangxi. Coupon. Coupon means we can put on new proven new means. Can we? Wu Wei. Wu Wei means you can and put a bu means can you prove a boo? It was they can. And perf till. Till means convey. And LPF was they can. If it's a feminine group of nouns and PRV. Prv tell means, can they? How would you say in French? Can I leave now? Can I see it, please? Can you find the key? The tutorial? I play. Play. Play. Play. Can Marie come with us to Paris? Mary. Mary 47. 74e - pouvoir as a negative question: How would you say in French, can we buy it? Can they help me? 1515 a day? Oh, can I do it? Can you find the passports? So fie fie Patel. Can he come tomorrow? Petiole. Petiole, Vinny, abdomen. When can they come? Till veneer, Khan, birth till veneer or competence, tell veneer, com, beef tail veneer. Finally, we can take the verb poor voir and put it into a negative question form. The way we do that is to take the question form, put the word nerve in front of it, the word path after it. So we measure was Kanai. Nope. Nope, we x2 bar means can't I put two means can you know pupa? Pupa means current, new. Protein means can he know? Liberty means County. But Bataille was Kangxi. No present bar, no patel bar means Kangxi. Move on. New means can we Napoleon? Napoleon Luba means current. We have a BU is can you know, Oocha? Oocha. Oocha means can't do. Perf till means convey. Number 15, bar, and the bar caught me. Similarly, both dal means convey in the feminine and the pivot Elba. Elba means currently. 48. 74f - know how: How would you say in French, caught you see me? Or no? Why can't they come tomorrow? Demand. Demand or demand? For cotton? You go to France without me. Purdue puzzle Liam fonts somewhere. In Leon, France somewhere. Or Nepal vivo pass ion formed somewhere. Napoleon, who are Leon, France, somewhat Savoir. Now we've seen one form of the verb Savoir. When we learn the phrase, just say which meant I know or I know how to. You use Savoir when you want to say that you know how to do something. So Savoir means to know or to know how to. You just use the verb Savoir and you don't need to put the word for how, like you do in English. Say you can put any verb on the end of savoir, and it means to know how to do it. For example, Savoir, don't say means to know how to dance. One thing that you need to remember is that if you want to say something like, I can speak French or I can play the piano in French. You use Savoir rather than poor voir. In effect, you're saying, I know how to speak French or I know how to play the piano. This happens whenever you're talking about an ability to do something. In English, you use the verb can. In French, you use the verb know or savoir. So save bi-layer only. Use you say bi-layer only means I can speak English literally. It means I know how to speak English. If you said you put ballet only, what that means is I can't speak English in the sense of I'm allowed to speak English. So if you want to say that you can do something, as in you have the ability to do something, then you use the verb Savoir. An infringer, literary say, I know how to do something so I can speak English is a GSA Pali honorably. 49. 74g - savoir in the present tense: Just like all the other verbs that we've been learning recently, the verb Savoir is very irregular in the present tense. So here's the present tense conjugation of the verb Savoir. Just say. Just say means I know or I know how to to say. To say means, you know, or you know how to you say. You'll say means he knows or he knows how to. Lc. Lc means she knows or she knows how to. Yvonne. Yvonne means we know or we know how to woo savvy. Savvy, you know, or you know how to install means they know or they know how to. Elsa. Elsa is the feminine version of they know or they know how to. And you can put any infinitive on the end of savoir. And it tells you what you know how to do. How would you say in French, I know where the restaurant is. You say you say how would you say I can speak Spanish? You say ballet espanol. Espanol. So literally you have to say, I know how to speak Spanish. How would you say in French, Marie can speak English. Mary, say pathway only, marry, say parallelly only. We know when the film starts. Called the film cameras. Film cameras. They know who I am. Exam 3 or LSAT. Lsat. 50. 74h - savoir as a question: How would you say in French, I don't know where the restaurant is. And you can make the verb Savoir negative in the same way as you make any verb negative, you just put it in front. And after June as a restaurant as a pathway law restaurants. How would you say We can't speak English? Numerous. Parallelly only. Newness haven't pappa allele only. I don't know. You're gonna say bar. You should say Power. Bi. You can treat Savoir like any other verb in French. Say you can invert the verb with the subject pronoun to make it into a question. Just say means I know. Savior means do I know to say means, you know, say to say two. Means. Do you know? What do you know how to say? Means? He knows. Stay till say till means does he know? Lsa means she knows. Settle. Settle means the Chenault. New sovereign means we know. And in a question we get southern New. Southern New. Do we know or do we know how to boost IV was, you know, and savvy Woo. Savvy Bu means do you know? It means they know. And as a question, it becomes a sub till, soft till, which means do they know or do they know how? And L sub means they know in the feminine. Another question, it's saf, sof tail, meaning, do they know? How would you say in French, Can you speak English? Say two pi humbly. Say to poly only or savvy Bupa really only savvy Bu Xiang Li. So literary means, do you know how to speak English? 51. 74i - recap: How would you say in French, How do you know? Como se to compensate to UI, UX? Those piano, how to speak English? Coronary speak English. How do I know if it's ready? Do they know who I am? Or does she know how much? So in this lesson, we've had meaning can be able to, europa is icon or I'm able to, cheaper. You can or your able to. Europa means he can or he's able to. Lpa means she can or she's able to. Lupo von means we can, able to woo way. You can or you're able to, if they can, or they are able to Elpenor, they can or they're able to in the feminine. Pleasure means can I or am I able to put two means? Can you, or are you able to particular can he or is he able to Patel can see or HE able to prove on new means, can we or are we able to put a bu means, can you, or are you able to still convey? Or are they able to tell? Is the feminine version of convey or are they able to? The verb Savoir means to know as inter know how to do something. You say means I know to stay. You know, is say he knows. L say she knows loose davon. We know whoo survey, you know, in South. They know. And Elsa means Meno. Seizure was do I know? Say to do you know, stay till Does he know? Say tell those Chenault, southern New do we know? Survey Bu means do you know? Soft till means do they know? And softer is the feminine version of do they know or do they know how to? 52. 74j - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French? Can they make a cake? And G2, G2, G2, G2. Where can he go tomorrow? At eight demand. Particularly drama. Do you know how to order the one in French? Say to say to common the Levant or savvy. Savvy VUCA, Monday, Louvain Francais. They don't know where we are or illness. Have some awesome. I don't know how to do it. Can you help me? But you made a humid day or a day. Do you know who he is? C2 C0. Say two key LE or Savvy. Savvy Huike delay. Then I know who I am. Till packages, packages or tail packages we tell packages we we can't take the train because it left five minutes ago. Point all the time pass? Yes. Thank minute. Point or the town? They can't commit us. The car is too small. In new lava tube. In the lava tube or new lava. Lava. It doesn't know how to speak German. City in Pali, Ullman, say Tin Pan Alley, alimony. 53. 74k - let's practise - French to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. What do these friends sentences mean in English? Handy, dandy. You can't go to the swimming pool on Mondays. They know everything. 15 LA or has the Hasan new restaurants on new. Can I go to the restaurant without us? I wanted to say here tonight. Who shows up? Yeah. Can I share something or can I show something to PM? Where can I go? Polypharmacy. Can they speak French or literally don't they know how to speak French? To Lamont DCC party only to Lamont DEC. Only. Everybody here can speak English. Proven new allele of cinema. Cinema domain. Can we go to the cinema tomorrow? Say to cinema? Cinema. Do you know where the center is? Mary. Mary. Mary doesn't know where the passports are. 54. 74l - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French? It is absolutely delicious. Synapsids. Synapsids human delis here. I would like some grapes. Hi zone. Then you speak English only. It's ten o'clock. I would like a one-way ticket for Ma say please play. Didn't you learn most today? Or should we please leave me alone? I don't want to go with you today. Seems to play less neutron kill, puzzling have XY road, we seem to play less neutron keel. Aliyah, vectorized code weak or silver play less him. What honky. Aliyah back wall? Should we? Silver play less than what honky. You should have a pathologic Buddhahood. He is at the restaurant. Now for me. Thank you. How long have you been living here? We call a B2C. Duke. We call a B2C or the pre-cum above we see the quick call policy. 55. 74m - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? Where did you stay? Patois. I'm buying something from Maasai for you to prepare. A leading me. Have you made dinner? Snippet. Snippet bump over L. It isn't good for her. Spect. Spect. Was it last month or two months ago? Told me and what a SATA turn right. And it's there. My my my car is terrible. Have a good evening. You're spending too much money. So napalm, VCC, it isn't bad here. 56. 75a - structure 3: It's time to introduce a new structure. This is structure 3, and it's very similar to structure one. Instructor 3, you have all the same components that you found in structure 1. This time, however, the infinitive carriers are all in the past tense. The past tense for infinitive carriers is a different sort of past-tense to the one we've been learning for normal verbs. This third structure is very easy to grasp. Now that you already have the first structure. It consists of a question word and infinitive carrier, and an infinitive. Infinitive carriers are in the past. Here's an example of it in use. Vulli, a woman, coolly able, Mozi, means what did you want to eat? And it consists of curve, the question word, which means what? Fourier Wu, which is the past infinitive carrier, meaning did you want and mod j, which is the infinitive meaning to eat carefully. A woman j, what did you want to eat? So Vulli a Wu means did you want, but where does it come from? Well, it comes from the verb Woolworth, which we know from the last lesson means to want. Let's have a look at it in the past tense now. So bourgeois, meaning to 12, we've got Jiu Lei Zu lay, meaning I wanted to Valais to fully, which means you wanted ill Valais or L Valais means he or she wanted new boolean. Boolean means we wanted Vulli a. Wu Vulli a means you wanted and illegally. Illegally means they wanted. So that's vulva in the past tense. And you'll notice it's quite different to how we've been learning the past so far. But all the infinitive carriers have their own way of forming themselves in the past. You'll see there is no auxiliary verb and there's also no past participle. If you look at the last letters of the verb in the past tense, you'll notice that they end in AIS. Ais, AIT, ins, I-I said, and AI, E and T. And the endings are always those for all the infinitive carriers in the past tense. So AIS, AIS, AIT, ins, I-I said AI, E and T. So we're going to have a look at some other infinitive carriers. And you'll notice that in the past tense they all end in those letters. 57. 75b - infinitive carriers in the imperfect tense: I just said that infinitive carriers in the past tense always end in the letters AIS, AIS, AIT, i, o, ns, IE said a, IIE and T. So another infinite of carrier is Du Bois, which means to have two. Let's have a look at d'Ivoire in the past tense and you'll see how those letters appear. Again. U dv is u dovey means I had to. Jude the way to the way to delay means you had to ill dovey and l do they mean he had to? And she had to say, you can see so far, we've got AI S on the end of Judah, AIS on the end of to the VA and AIT on the end of yield away and LDA new DVR. Lu De Bian means we had to. Would've yea, would've yay means you had to and ill dovey yield the way means they had to say you can see the VA and an AIS to the VA. Ais yield of a and L dovey and in AIT, new DVR ins would've yea, I said, and ELWA ends in a, II, III, and t. So any infinitive carrier in the past tense, instructor 3 will end in letters AIS, AIS, AIT, ins, i, e, e, and t. Let's see if you can translate some of these structure three questions. Or you have to do to convert the verbs into questions, is invert them. So how would you say in French, Where did you have to go? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh. What did you have to do? Could debate to fair or unfair. How did you want to pay? Common bullet? You pay a common way to pay or common Boolean. 58. 75c - changing the infinitive carrier: How would you say in French, did you have to CPM or what did you do yesterday? I could do it. You fair. Or could be a barrier? Could do the ear. What do you want to do yesterday? Or what time did you have to leave? Or how did he want to pay? Common TPA? They have to go. Ooh. Ooh debate usually. What did we have to do? What did you have to CPS or EPA. 59. 75d - vouloir & devoir in the imperfect: How would you say in French, what did she have to do yesterday? What do they want to do yesterday? Till fair? Yeah. Volatile. Fair? Yeah. What time did they have to leave? At Keller? Do a teal party or a color derivative party. So just to recap, so far, we've seen two full infinitive carriers in the past tense. We've had vulva, which was Malaysia, meaning did I wouldn't violate two. Did you want volatile and volatile? Did he want and did she want Vulli on New? Did we want woolly a Wu? Did you want? And will it still? Did they want? And then we saw DuBois, which means to have two. Then we conjugated that dual Asia. Did I have to do way too. Did you have to debate still? Did he have to do a tell? Did she have to divvy on New? Did we have to deviate? Ooh. Did you have to and delay till the day? I have to say, you can see that when you want to put infinitive carriers in the past tense, they always have the endings, AIS, AIS, AIT, I, ins, i, e, e, and t. All you really need to do is learn the form for each verb. And then you just remove the AIS and add the appropriate endings for the other forms. For example, if I told you that your CPU spelled OU wie es, GPA means I called. You can just remove the AIS and you're left with P 0 uv. Now all we have to do is add the different endings to get the full conjugation. So acidic conjugate the verb, which means to be able to in the past tense. 60. 75e - pouvoir in the imperfect: The verb PUFA in the past tense goes GPA. Gpa, meaning I code or I was able to. To purvey. To purvey means you code or you're able to improve a and LPGA. Mean he called and she or he was able to and she was able to new Peruvian. New Peruvian means we could or we were able to group of Yey Wu VA, you code or you're able to and ill-posed. It means they could or they were able to. And then all you have to do is inverted to make it into a question. So we get poor Asia, meaning I or was I able to pyruvate two? Pyruvate two. Could you or were you able to prove a teal and put a tail? Could he or she or was he able to and was she able to previously on new movie on new means, could we or we were able to prove a boo. Boo. Could you, or were you able to and pyruvate? Pyruvate is could they or were they able to have the same French? I could see Pierre. You prove a VOIP? Yeah. You prove a VOIP. Yeah. What could you see there? Could prove it to Voila. Voila or Cuckoo? Cuckoo Walla. Walla. Could they help prove a till a day? What could he do? Or how would you say I couldn't see Pierre? You shouldn't prove it by VOIP. Gene pool a path. 61. 75f - aller in the imperfect: How would you say in French, why couldn't you stay here? Pokemon, Nepal way to stay EC. Ue2 has daisy or port. Ooh. Ooh, Hi, Stacy. Couldn't may help. What could you do in Paris? Kuh puh tuh kuh puh tuh kuh puh, tuh, kuh puh. Why couldn't he buy it? Polish di poco neuropathy till palette day. So we've now had the implant of carriers, Woolworth, Dubois, and in the past tense. And they all have the endings, AIS, AIS, AIT, ins, i, e, e and t. Let's have a look at a new verb alle. So the verb means to go. And it's actually a very useful verb as an infinitive carrier and the past tense, because you can use it to say what you would go into do. So. Ala GLA means I was going jelly. I'm, I have that one. What you can do is conjugate that verb into the rest of the person's. Just remember the endings, AIS, AIS, AIT, ins, i, e, e and t. And you get to alle. Alle, meaning you're going in LA. La or LA. La mean he and she was going medallion. Loser. Leon means we, we going hopefully. You will going and easily. Easily means they will going surrogates GLA to LA, LA LA, LA. Leone was LEA and easily. 62. 75g - aller as a question: So the verb to go in the past tense for this structure was jelly to LA, LA, LA, LA, LA and LA. And again, all you have to do to turn it into a question is to invert it. So we get, I'll Azure AD azure. Meaning was I going? I'll A2. L2 means were you going? I like till or was he going or was she going? Leon, new ideas or new? We're we going? I leave woo. Woo means we're you going. And I'll wait till later with a going. So how would you say in French, what was she going to do? Welfare. Welfare. Him? Was he going to call key key LIT law play? They were going to stay here. Stay EC is a Lehigh Stacy. I was going to speak. We're going to say something at a 2D shows. Shows. Or 2-deoxyglucose. 2-deoxyglucose. What we're going to buy. I stay. Or UX can be a Buddha. 63. 75h - recap of endings: How would you say in French? We began to show you the car to maintain a new Zion to Monterey lava tube. So that's for infinitive carriers. Now we've had in the past tense, and they all have the endings. Ais, AIS, AIT, i, o, ns, I had a, I, II, III and t. We've had vulva in the past, which was Voyager. Did I want to did you want volatile and volatile? Did he want and did she want Boolean Mu did we want Vulli a WGU? Did you want? And Vulli till the day aren't. Then we had DuBois, which means to have two. And in the past tense it went, do they deny have to debate too. Did you have to do a teal and do they tell did he have to audit she have to. Dvr knew. Did we have to deviate Wu did you have to and do a till the day I have two. Then we had poor voir, which means to be able to or can. And in the past tense, a goes, poof Asia. Could I or was I able to prove it to could you or were you able to pull a teal and put a tail? Could HE or cocci. And was he or she able to prove your new could we or were we able to put a WGU? Could you or were you able to and put a til? Could they, or were they able to? And then we've just seen the verb, which means to go. And if you put the verb play into this form of past tense and you can use it to mean what you're going to do. And it went I'll Asia. And Asia. Meaning was I going to I'll a2 and a2. Were you going I like till or Alcatel? Was he going and was she going? Aaliyah. Aaliyah knew. Were we going? I leave wu Wei, wu Wei you going and alle till. Alle till. Were they going? And say You can put any verbs on the end of any of those infinitive carriers. And you have a question in structure 3. 64. 75i - question word recap: So we've seen structure 3 is made up of three parts. For example, Cooley, a woman, j means, what did you want to eat? And it's made up of the question would occur. Meaning what? The past infinitive carrier, Vulli a ou, meaning did you want? And the infinitive mosaic, meaning to eat. Let's just check that we can remember all the question words that we can put into the first part of this structure had to say in French, what, how como, which, or which one, why? Pokemon, how much, or how many? How long, or how much time can be undertone. Way. Ooh, when? Comb. Who? Key? What time? Now, let's have a quick recap of the past tense inventive carriers. They can put into the second part of this structure. How do you say in French? Did I have to? Do you, did you have to in the informal singular debate too? Did he have to Did she have to do they tell? Did we have to do beyond New? Did you have to in the plural? The VA Wu? Did they have to do wait till I could, I could you, in the singular, informal, prove it to you? Could he could she could we prove your new Could you, in the singular, formal or the plural? Could they? 65. 75j - infinitive recap: How would you say in French, did I want Malaysia? Did you want in the singular, informal VL2? Did he want volatile? Did she want volatile? Did we want a Boolean? Knew? Did you want in the plural? Vulli a Wu? Did they want was I going to Malaysia? We are going to l2. Was he going to add a Till? Was she going to islet? Were we going to Aaliyah new? Will you going to in the plural? I'll leave you with a going to add a teal. And just remember that all of those infinitive carriers can be used in questions and non questions just by flipping around the subject pronoun with the verb. For example, Dubai, Asia, which means that I have two can be flipped around and you get your Duce, meaning I had to. Analysis. Have a quick recap of some of the more common infinitives that you can put on the end of this structure. Had you say in French to eat, Mozi, to drink, what? To order, common day, to try. Sda, to pay, pay, to do or to make. Fair, to hire. Luay, to go alle to take. Ponder, to have to change. Shows you too bye. I stay to start. Commons say to be eta, to go out. Soft tissue, to leave parties, to bring up of day, to spend as into spend money, to spend as underspend time. Pass a to C, one, to call upper layer to stay. Stay. And to find. 66. 75k - practise structure 3: How would you say in French, why do you want to leave with a two-party booleq bacteria or archaea bacteria, whom we're going to see. Key, key or key key. What could I bring upon? Where we are going to stay tonight? L2. L2. Or whom could I call? Key? Key. Happily. He wanted to leave yesterday. I had to call Pierre. Pierre. I was going to buy it jelly. Jelly last day. They began to come with us. Is really, really hard. Agnew is a l'avenir havoc knew we wanted to see it. Newly only new boolean. 67. 75l - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How would you say in French? I wanted to go to the beach today. You've laid alae, ala plateaus, would we? Why did you have to leave at four o'clock in the morning? Pokemon do a two-party paraquat, do a two-party down, or do a cashflow earlier, Martin? Do the WGU bacteria, do they have to pay? Dvt PE? Can be debated. Which one was it going to try? Sea? Sea. Whom does she have to call? Key? Key. Happily. We wanted to go with yesterday. New Boolean. Yes or no Boolean. I had to change the reservation because Pierre couldn't come up on the clock. Hey, Lazarus, passcode. No movie Opabinia, a de-Sitter. You deviation Gina has Avastin basket at the setter. What time we're going to arrive at the hotel? La till Yellowtail. Alle TSR eBay. Where did you have to stay last week? Who do they still estimate? Danielle. Ooh. Ooh, rest day last McDaniels. She was going to say something important. Led LED. 68. 75m - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse transactions. What are these friends sentences mean in English? It'll do they pack T80, Tito. They had to leave early. Combi undertone. Stay alone. Can be undertone debate to pass a Alexandra. How much time did you have to spend in London? Or how long did he have spent in London? Kami undertone debate to a tundra. Can be undertone debate to a tundra. How long did you have to wait? Till upon sola, Louis de la parte sulla. Have a clue. Why did you want to bring that with him? L-dopa Gua. Gua. She couldn't see me. Do a tilde fair. Could do a til fair. What did they have to do? A boo. Boo. Could you understand me when I spoke infringe? Could do a tail. O Superman. Could do they tell you, Oh, soup mushy. What did she have to buy at the supermarket? New Delhi, India, MRA deported Granovetter, new Xi'an da, da, da, da Illinois. We're going to tell Marie to bring them food. More generic. I wasn't going to bring any money with me. 69. 75n - let's recap - English to French: Now what will do awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. Had you sayin French, it isn't very good here. Soon a Patreon menisci. Menisci. Are you going to order a t value Comandante that you come on down, Dave? Or Comandante at a VUCA Monday until seven o'clock. Do you have any cheese? A 2D format at two new formulas, or have a voodoo? Have a new format. What time is dinner? I alluded a LED ne turn left before the traffic lights. I've only I've only for the lunch is absolutely fantastic. Here. It up to remote, fantastic EEC. It up to remind fantastic PC. I'm going to have loops later. Is you have a pond, holidays. You have a pond. I would like a coffee. And coffee. Coffee. I'm going abroad with my friends. Gervais electron J. Electron J. 70. 75o - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What are these French sentences mean in English? What time is the boost for the town center? Sack? Sac. I would like a bag leading a solid in a ISTE. I'm going to have dinner here. Where's the forest? A pre-lab premia who are duet? I am a laparotomy or who had what? Take the third rate on the left and then the first road on the right, tooth, a 2.12.1. You're doing everything for me. On blue. Schwa sound on blew me. I have that in blue or can I have that in blue? Did you bring the passports with you? Mhc2 on backbones electron J. Do you like em on holiday abroad? Taxi. Taxi. I'm not going to take a taxi. 71. 76a - the word "on": Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of some of the words and phrases we learned in the last lesson had the same French. I wanted Julie. I could I had to do the way I was going to GLA. Did you want to could you put a 2? Did you have to do a2? We're going to add a tube. Here is a very common word that we haven't really looked at yet. On, on. Now the word on has a few meanings in French. The French word on literally means one, as in the way the queen would use it. One must go to the toilet, not as in the number 1. It's used a lot in French, even though one might sound quite push in English, the word ONE is used all the time in everyday conversations in French. So it's not push in French at all. Takes the same conjugation as ill, or l, or Pierre. So basically uses the third person singular conjugation. For example, on ADC demands. On ADC, demand means one is here tomorrow or on Palo, only on pile on lane. One speaks English. Another way, the French use the word ONE is as a replacement for the word WE or the word new infringe. In modern French is very common for people to use own instead of new. In fact, in everyday conversations, probably hear on much more than you hear new. So on FOMC, on FOMC can mean we are French. On I Beta party on fonts, on EBIT Apollyon foams. We live in Paris in France. Of one not refer me to lead you on, not refer me to ledger. We see our family every day. On past demand on pyoderma. We're leaving tomorrow. When we use on to mean we, we have to make sure that we make any adjectives agree. So the adjective will be plural because we as plural. Or it could even be feminine plural. For example, on a america, on, let him African means we are American. So it ends in an S because we're talking about more than one person. We are American on it, America. Or if the we is referring to more than one woman, then it will be on eta metric in on a American, which is the feminine plural. We are American, so the American. And in ES, if you're using on to mean one, however, that it won't be plural. So it's only plural when it means we. So for example, if you said Come on effect again, on to adore me, come on if anti-gay on what dormir. That means when one is tired, one was sleep. And so the word fatty gay is in the singular because it means one in this situation. 72. 76b - on m'a dit que...: So the word on in French can mean one or we. But there are two more things it can mean as well. Can you smoke here? In the question, can you smoke here? You're not literally asking, can use murkier. You're asking if people are allowed to smoke here. We do this a lot in English. We say the EU. When we're referring to everybody. What can you do in front? Are you allowed to eat inside? How do you do this? So none of these are specifically referring to you. What can you do in France? Are you allowed to eat inside? You do this? They're referring to everybody. What can you do in front? What can everyone during firms, are you allowed to eat inside or is everyone like to eat inside? How do you do this? How does everyone do this? Well, in this situation, in French, you would use the word on. So when you're talking about you in general, meaning everybody, then you can use the word on. For example, MAC. Mac means can you smoke here? Literary CAN want smoke here. Coupon for home phones could put on their home forms. What can you do in funds? So literally, what can one do infants put dong, dong. Dong, dong. Are you allowed to eat inside? Let's remains can warn eat inside. Common photonics to see common fate also see how do you do this? Literally means how does one do this? Could write unfair, could do upon fair. What do you have to do? Literally means what does one have to do? Common diphthongs to see our fancy commodity tones, to see iPhone SE. How do you say this in French? Literary? How does one say this infringe? That question is actually quite a useful one to learn. You should write it down somewhere. Come on details to see off once they had you say this in French. So the little word OEM can mean one. We, and now you, or people in general. There's one more thing. It can mean. The final meaning is more of a couple of expressions that use on rather than a specific room. There are two phrases that you can memorize that incorporate on. The first one is on my DKA. Dka. It means I was told that. Literally. It means one told me that. Now we haven't really seen the word used in this situation here. We will look at that in a later lesson. But Alma DKA, I was told that the second expression is on DKA. On DKA, which means it is said that literally it means one says that. Let's have a look at them in use. On my D Copia edema, on my D QPS at a more. That means I was told that Pierre was dead. On my d qPCR attain more. So literally it means one told me that she was dead. But you can use in English to mean I was told. So the OEM just refers to somebody's having you on my DKA. Someone told me Pierre was dead. But in English we say I was told that Pierre was dead. On my DKA 28 threads Shambhala or muddy could to a Trichinella. I was told that everything is very expensive. They're literary. This one means, one told me that everything is very expensive there. But in English you can translate it as I was told, that everything is very expensive. Bam, On decrease on lameness, have Bemidji on the glaze only new stuff, emoji. It is said that the English don't know how to eat. So literally this one means, one says that the English Turner had to eat on deeper. And so the Anika literally means one says that but it's just referring to everybody saying, it's like a generalization on D, Gleason gleaners have bamboo j, it is said that the English Turner had to eat. Now that's a lot to take in, I know, but for now, as long as you recognize what the word means, whenever you see it in a sentence, is going to be very beneficial. Because you'll see quite a lot in French. 73. 76c - Comment dit-on...?: Commodity tone. The phrase commodity tone is a useful phrase that uses on literally it means how does one say? And you can use it to ask, to say different things in different languages. For example, commodities and so on. Normally. Commodities on sound normally means, how do you say that in English? Common Data, hello, on Francais, common ditto. Hello, I'm from, say. This means, how do you say hello in French? Say can replace the hello with Edward, common ditto on Francais, had you say infringe? Let's have a practice with using the word on. How do you say in French, where can one smoke? What can you buy here? Could put on where can we hire a car? Using on where do you have to go? Do a tonally. I've been told that the food here is fantastic. On my d, C, a fantastic, a fantastic. Where do you have to pay? Pay? Is it said that Aix-en-Provence is a more beautiful city than Paris. On the edge. We don't live here, we live in Paris on a PC. Beta. 74. 76d - the word "elles": Here's your next word for this lesson. L. L, spelled E, L, L E S. It means they, and it's the feminine plural. So the French who had L means they, when you're referring to an old feminine group of either people or things. For example, Ellison Tc. Tc. That statement could be referring to a group of women, or it could be talking about a group of any feminine nouns. For example, you might be referring to leave what you're meaning the cause. There. If someone said usto only one, who's only what you're meaning. Where are the cars? You could answer it. Edison, DC. Dc. They are here. So using the feminine plural for these examples, how would you say in French AIR going to friends? Yvonne and France, a longtime fans. When do they want to leave? Do they want to come to tell VGA OCI? Where are they going? Who want they want they told me to leave without them. L Monday, w l Monday the party Hassan's L. So in this lesson we've had the word on which we said can mean one, we, you, or people in general. And then we had a couple of phrases that I didn't write down on my DKA. Dka, which you can use to mean I've been told that. And literally it means one has told me that. On DKA, on DKA means, is said that, but literally means one says that. And then we had E alleles, which means they are in the feminine plural. 75. 76e - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French, where can one smoke? Piton female, female. I've been told that the wine is very expensive here. On my de cultivar, a tertiary see on my D, on a PC. They are lost. And you're talking about Sophie and Mary in some Purdue OWL do. So in the sentence we using L because of referring to Sophie and Mary. And the adjective has to agree, so the adjective parallel do end in an e s, So it's feminine plural. How would you ask, what can you do in Paris? Coupon, fair bit on fair. Murray and Sophia there. Where are they going? Mary is Sophie Santa. Maria. How would you say we live in Paris using the word on an IV. I beat Barry. We are English, but we don't live in England and use on four we only Dong may own a bit bizarre. Normally they're on it only may only be pathognomonic. Murray and Sophie are here now. Do they want to convert this to the supermarket? So DC mountain will tell VGA, HVAC, new ASU, marshy. Marry a sophie, DC voltage veneer, have ACLU, OSU marshy. How do you say that infringe on fluency? Common didn't sound on fluency. What do you have to do here? Unfair. Unfair EC 76. 76f - let's practise - French to English: Now let's have a go at doing some reverse translations. Were these friends sentences mean in English? Is some party. Is some party. They left an hour ago. Oh, my D to a play on my D could do they play. I've been told that everything is ready. On my competitor and Tracy on my competitor, Andre. See, I haven't been told that we can weight here. On de Medici. It is said that the streets are very beautiful here. Where are they? Keep him? Do we have to call? When do they want to eat? A common pattern pay? How can you pay? Could work on fair or unfair? What they have to do? The proton puffy me, see me see. Why can't you smoke here? 77. 76g - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now, awesome recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French, the chicken is perfect. A buffet. A puffy. He left five minutes ago. Ilya sank minute. Minute. I would like a bit more, please. You would re UI UX play or x2 food tray. And to play. To play. It's 30 kilometers from the hotel. Taunt kilometer, kilometer. I'm going to pay the bill now. Lady Xian, maintenance Romans known we're going to the cinema tonight and then we're eating at the restaurant next to the hotel. Lose along or cinemas as well. Api, pneumonia or aquatic low tailor. News along or cinemas suave API or histone tail. Or of course now you know that we can also use on instead of new. And we can say, oh, cinemas as a module has a quoted low Taylor. Or cinemas as hormones or has occurred Taylor. How would you say I'm going to change the reservation? I'm too tired now. I would like to hire a car for one week. How much is it? You've would railway in what you can see colombian. You would highly way invite your instrument. Say, Excuse me, I would like the bill, please. Excuse MY legacy. Ui. Excuse A1. You put highlight the CRC. Who play. What did you say to Pierre or Udi? 78. 76h - let's recap - French to English: Now we'll do some French to English recount translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? Law down a daily Susan laid down a deadly serious. The turkey is delicious. I would like that book. I'm not going to the hotel. I would like a room with a shower. Shame. Shame. At Marines House. Or actually it's gross. I mean, to marine sounds. I would like to go at four o'clock on Monday lupus. Hey, I'm going to order the chicken. Complete only. Did Pierre understand English? I would like breakfast at nine o'clock. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. Do you have this code in black? 79. 77a - structure 4: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. Had you say in French one, or you, or people in general? Are they in the feminine? L? I've been told that. Oh, my DKA. It is said that on DKA. Now it's time to introduce a new structure. In this lesson, I'm going to introduce you to the fourth French doctor. In structure for there are three parts. Just like most of the structures. There's a question with an inverted auxiliary verb and the past participle. Now structure for uses the past tense to form the questions and statements. And this fourth structure is probably my favorite doctor in French. Although I think I've said that before, but this one really is. You've already seen the structure, but I didn't mention the other time that it was a structure. It consists of, as I said, a question word, an inverted auxiliary verb, and a past participle. And here's an example of it. Induce cavewoman G. Cavewoman G. What have you eaten? So it's made up of the word curve, which is shortened here to q u apostrophe because it's in front of a vowel. And that means what does the question would have a UX is have you, and that's an inverted auxiliary verb. And MSA is past participle, meaning eaten. Cavewoman j. What have you eaten? So just like always, you can start to build questions using the three different parts. Here are a few examples to get you started. Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, muj. Where did you eat? Cattle, Fe, cuttlefish. What did he do? X2, a2, a2, LA. Where did you go? And this one is a special one because if you look at the a2 part, it's because it's a verb of movements. So it uses the alle, as we learned a while ago is a verb of movement. So it takes Eta as the auxiliary verb, x2, a2, LA. Where do you go? Catchy view. What did you drink? Occupy only a two poly only. Why did you speak English? So have a go at writing down some of your own questions using structure for just remember that the auxiliary verb could either be Ofwat or depending on which variable you use. 80. 77b - auxiliary verbs as questions: How would you say in French? Where did they go? Oh. When did you pay the bill? Kong. Madison. Call a two-page or contacts UW Madison. Contact a UW Madison. Where did you go out? A2. A2 sati or ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh, sorry. What did you order? Catchy common day. Catchy common day. Or GAVI VUCA, Monday, Cabibbo, common day. Now, the auxiliary verb is made up of a pronoun plus some form of either avoid or ETA. For example, 20 means you have to is the pronoun and the verb or is zone. Is zone means they have ill, is the pronoun, and on is the verb or the auxiliary verb. If you swap these two elements around, is called inverting them and you have to put a hyphen in the middle. This makes them into a question. So then you get things like u2. U2, meaning have you, and until, until they. Then all you do is put a past participle on the end. And you've got yourself a question. At human J. At u, j means have you eaten on till funny, until funny. Have they finished? Just like with the other structures, the question, where is an optional extra that you can use to change the meaning of the question. So you can use sentences without a question word such as u2. U2 MSA, which means have you eaten? Or you can put the question where in front of it and get something like k2, k2 mu j, which means what have you eaten? 81. 77c - "have you" vs "did you": How would you say in French, Where have you eaten? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. What has the ordered? Monday. Monday. Which one have they tried? Until SHA SHA how have you paid? Come on. Come on. What have they done? Contain Fe whom have you seen? How much have we spent today? Combi oven, new combi oven, new deposit or should we just I always English has two ways of saying the same thing, which can sometimes get a little bit confusing when you're asking a question using structure for in English, there are two ways to say it. What have you eaten or what did you eat? In French, these are both the same. Cafe Wu Mozi, cavewoman j. This is because the did question word doesn't exist in French, just like the do question word from structure to didn't exist either. So whenever you want to say, Did you eat or did he eat, or did they eat? Just use the past tense for it in French, which is Mangione, and then ignore the word did completely. So I have a boom on Jay. Did you eat? Because of this, every sentence made using structure 4 has two translations in English. Cavewoman J, cavewoman Jane. You can translate this as what did you eat or what have you eaten. Let's have a look at a few more examples. Commutativity, commutative. Who pay? This can mean how have you paid, or how did you pay cattle fe fe what has he done or what did he do? Santillana. Santillana. Where have they gone or where did they go? So there are always two ways to say the sentence in English, but in French is just the past tense. 82. 77d - practise changing the person: How would you ask in French? Where did you eat? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. What did you eat? K2. K2. Or cavewoman j. Where did she eat? When did he finish? At Tiffany? Tiffany. When did they finish? Come on, Tiffany. Tiffany. Tiffany. Tiffany. When did we arrive? Some news on TV, consume news on TV. Or you can use on as a cone, a cone. But you must remember that when we use on to mean We, then you have to agree. The past participle is that you put an S on the end because it's plural. How would you ask when did Marie arrive? Why did you say that? A-to-d? Sulla. Udi. Sulla. What have you said? D or KV? Hoodie. Hoodie. 83. 77e - two auxiliary verbs: How would you say in French, what did they do? Quantile fe. Fe, what have they done? Quantile fee. So here's a recap of structure for KV room. What have you eaten is made up of a question word, meaning what? An inverted or the reverb have a WGU, meaning have you, and a past participle, Mozi, meaning eaten. Let's see if you can remember all the question words. Heard you saying French, what, how common? Which or which one? Y por qua. How much or how many? Colombian. How long or how much time can be undertone. Where? Who? When? Cong Hou Qi. What time? At Keller. And then we had the inverted auxiliary verbs, Asia, meaning have I. U2, meaning have you. At til, has he, has she. Atom has one avenue. Have we have a Wu, have you until, Have VA and have they or if you have a verb of movement or one of the Mrs. Van der Trump verbs you would use as the auxiliary verbs? Suite for have I, a2. Have you? It still has. He has she Aidan has won some new Have we at WGU? Have you Until have they have they? Don't forget that you can flip the auxiliary verbs around to turn them into non questions. So U2, for example, means have you, and 20 means you have. And then you just put the past participle onto the end of that. 84. 77f - past participles: How would you say in French? Eaten, drunk, ordered, common day, tried. Saa, paid, done or made. Hired. Luay. Gone. Alle taken. Had changed. Shown J boat. I stay. Started. Como se Been Today. We're going out. Soft t, left. Party. Broad. Spent as an spent money. Spent as an spent time. Passe scene view called appellee. State. Lsd. Found. Toby. How would you say in French, what has he done? Cutting Fei. How have you paid the bill? Or common? Which one has she bought? Kayla, tell us why have we hired a car bomb? On what you have on new way in wet year. How much have you eaten? Combi Anna vivo or Colombia? 85. 77g - Where have you taken the car?: How would you say in French, Where have you taken the car? Ooh, ooh. Ooh, ooh, ooh. Ooh. Ooh. What have they eaten today? Continue mosaic. Which one have you seen? Movies or attribute you can add to view? What have they eaten today? Continue. Continue. What did they eat today? When did he finish? At Tiffany? Tiffany. What did she see? How did we pay? How have we paid? Why did you say that? Lisa. Lisa. Or what have you said that? Lisa. Lisa. 86. 77h - What have they done?: How would you say in French, what have they done? What did they do? Contain Fe, continent Fe. What did they drink? Continue. Continue view. What have they drunk? Continue, continue. What have you eaten? Or what did you eat? Who has the understood? Until complete? Did he understand? What have they said? Continue. Continue. What did they say? Continually. Continually. Speak English. Only. Has he spoken with Pierre. Did she call yesterday? 87. 77i - Has she called today?: How would you say in French? Has she called today? A tail? A tail Apollyon. What time did you finish at you funny. I kinda had to funny. Or have a Ruffini. I have a Ruffini. How much did we buy? How many pizzas have reordered? Combi and the pizza pizza oven nuke on Monday. How many pizzas did we order? Combi under pizza? Can be 100 pizzas. I don't know. How much. Why did he drink? At how much wine has he drunk? What did they make? What have they made? Quintile fe. Fe. Have you tried the wine? Sae Louvain? I have a BU is a yellow-brown. Did you try the wine at USCA or UX? 88. 77j - Have you made a reservation?: How would you say in French, have you made a reservation at you? Or did you make a reservation? Or masculine? What did you have? A catchy or what have you had? Catch you, you can't you? Ooh. Ooh. Why have you changed the reservation? Oh. Why did you change the reservation? When did he call contractile? Why has he called? What did you order for us? Depot new. New for me as well. 89. 77k - Where have you been?: How would you say in French, Where have you been? At 28 day. 28 day. Or why did they buy that Visa? Visa. What did you do here? Vc. Vc. Which one has she bought? Kayla tell. Which ones did you have? Ooh, ooh. Ooh. Have I been stupid? Stupid. Stupid. Did they see the film on TV, film until view the film? Have they seen the film? Until the film? Until the Luthien. Have you drink the wine. Attribute. Attribute live on, or have a boo, boo Lavon, have IV will be live on. Did you drink the wine? Attribute Yvonne at you? Or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, Lavon. 90. 77l - Did you speak French in France?: Did you speak French in front of phones? Phones. Or phones. How did they find the film? Film. Film. Did you find the hotel? Motel, or have a boo? Boo to tell? How much time did you spend in France? Can be undertone at you passing on phones. Can be undertones that you pass in our phones. Or can be undertone. Upa say, and forms can be undertones that forms. When did you spend a €1000 contact? 00 00 00 00 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00. How much money did you spend? Has spoken with Marie. Marie ooh. Ooh. 91. 77m - What did you take with you?: How would you say in French, what did you take with you yesterday? Or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. What have you taken with you? Uhm, uhm, uhm, uhm. What did they change? Contains some j, contains Sanjay. Why did they make a reservation? Until until veteran who has a question. Where did they eat? Have you eaten here at you? Or have a voice? What did he say? What film did you see? At you? You can film or TV or film. You can feed in vivo. Which one did you take? U2, u3. U3. 92. 77n - What did they bring?: How would you say in French, what did they bring? When did the film start? Until common say lithium. Has the film started? Lithium metal. Lithium at incumbency. Why did you bring that to Paris? Book while at you apathy. Apathy. Apathy or Vivo Zapatista about a party. When did she take that? Quantitative? Why has she taken that? Whom? The detail. Whom did he see? Key. Key. Key. Key. What did they bring? Contains the contents. 93. 77o - Did Sophie bring that?: Did safely bring that. Sophie. Sophie. What did you bring up of tea or coffee? What did he eat? Cattle. You've spent much too much money. Do you see buh buh buh buh buh buh buh. What did you see? Or when did they call Kong? I brought some wine for Pierre. J. J. Did we eat up the hotel last week? I don't know. Did you call maria called pass for at you? At OU 94. 77p - Did she pay the bill?: How would you say in French, did she pay the bill? How did you find the film? Common at Utah Valley film or a film? Film. What time did you start? I see. I see. Or I can see. Which ones have they tried? Gaze on till SAA guys on Tuesday say what did you do yesterday? He bought a few this morning. I said JD. Jd. What did you say? Judy. Judy. Judy. Judy. Did they see the restaurant until until view. 95. 77q - Has she tried the wine?: How would you say in French? Has she tried the wine? Sha Lavon? I tell. Which caught it he hire until Louie. Louie. Whom did you see en masse, say? Key. Key. Ooh. Ooh, ooh, MRSA. Mrsa. Whom did you see in Paris? Key. Key. Key. Key. Whom did you call? Kelly. Kelly. Kelly. Kelly. 96. 77r - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French? What does he do yesterday? Where do they spend the holidays last year. Ooh, until past Scylla con slanted anywhere. Until past Mileva cons Lani Danielle. Or why did PA come with U? Ba, Ba, Ba, it will renew a vector or a TLV new OU. When did you arrive? Her? Call it UAV or a Wu Kong? It was RAV. Where did you buy that? At UHD sulla. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Oocha. Which one did you try? Kayla, tell. How much time did they spend at the supermarket? Or Superman? Superman on tail past day or superman. Have we paid the bill? Hey, lady soon. Did you eat breakfast at the hotel? Or Why did you change the reservation? Por la la la la la la la la. 97. 77s - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? Cat, you think about constantly Spaniards on the console, Espana. What did you do on holiday in Spain? Tabular. Which one did she order for the table? Is they bought a car last week. Why did we hire him? Did you call her? She tried the wine. Kevin hoodie, Udi. What did you say? On a visit? On a visit to do some in we visited Paris two weeks ago. Film Como ITIL. How did he find the film? Until until Pali? Did they speak a lot of fringe. 98. 77t - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How would you say in French? Yes, It's perfect. Thank you. We say we say, are you going to eat it? I would like some bread. Dupain. Is he very busy tomorrow? Occupied Amman? Man. I would like a television. Television. Radio and television. What is she doing at university? Cafe tail? A university. A university? Is he Mr. Blank? Blown. Blown. I would like to hire a small car for two people, please. What you have to play? D12. Try the food here. Ooh. I see. I see. Or what you receive that USAA. I would like a taxi at one o'clock. Taxi. Taxi. 99. 77u - let's recap - French to English: Now let's have a go at doing some French to English recap translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? And shampoo. Shampoo. I would like a scarf and a hat. Again, the two-point holidays. What time you want to have lunch? Restaurants are not giving to the restaurant tonight. Upi I would like a smaller copies as well. Haven't you reserve a table for tonight? The ion doesn't work. Nipah movie. Nipah movie. My lunch isn't bad. Shaft on my D to methadone. Shall my D to methadone Ashoka, charles Tommy to put everything in the room. It's eight o'clock. 100. 78a - dépenser: You've probably noticed this verb as we've been learning the structures in these lessons. Day policy. The policy. It means to spend, in the sense of spending money dip on C. So how would you say in French, How much did you spend today Policy Columbia at you deposit say or have a Buddha Policy? Columbia have a Buddha policy. How much do you want to spend today policy. The policy or Columbia. Columbia. He spent too much Blotto. Blotto the policy. The web depth on C is a regular verb, so you'll be able to conjugate it into the present tense and the past tense fairly easily. But let's just have a quick look. It goes due date bonds issued, the bonds I spend or I'm spending today bonds today bonds you spend or your spending in the pons. In the pons, he spends all his spending. The pons. The pons. She spends, or she's spending on the pons. The pons one spends or one is spending. Knew that person knew the Poisson. We spend or we're spending. Buddha policy, Wu, diplomacy. You spend all your spending in the pons. The pons they spend all their spending. And L, the pons, the pons they spend or spending. And then in the past tense it goes J. J D policy. I have spent her I spent 20 at the ponce to adapt policy. You have spent or you spent ELA depo say ill at depth on say he has spent all his spent Al Capone say L adipose day. She spent or she has spent on a dependency on adipose, say one spent or one has spent news. I want the policy Luzon deepen. Say we have spent or we spent vis-a-vis the policy. Vis-a-vis deepen, say you have spent or you spent is on diplomacy, is on their policy. They have spent or they spent. And a zone the policy the policy they spent or they have spent. 101. 78b - comprendre: How would you say in French? I spent too much money when I bought this code for Marie. Say, I don't want to spend a lot of money today. A book with Zhang Zai Bu Dao. They have spent 200 Euros is on their ponce do some 00 00 00, 00, 00, 00. How much money do you spend when you go to the supermarket? Combi andar Zhang deepened stew or soup marshy combi and down Joan they constitute can do val soup, marshy. Or Colombian Dao Zhang Zai Bu, OSU marshy. Commun Dow Jones, who can easily or soup marshy. Here's your next verb for this lesson, but this time it's an irregular verb. Compound. Compound tra means to understand compound, and it's irregular in the present tense and the past tense. So here's the present tense conjugation of the verb compounder. You compound. You compound means, I understand two components. Two components. You understand ETL compound. In compound. He understands L compound and compound. She understands on compound. On compound. One understands new component, new component. We understand whoo company, Vu company. You understand in compression. In compression, they understand. And n comprende L complain. They understand. When you know the past participle of the verb, it's easy to conjugate it into the past tense. Or you have to change is the auxiliary verb. The past participle stays the same, and the past participle of compound is complete. Cimp IS complete, meaning understood. So the past tense conjugation of compounder is Jacob. Jacob, meaning I understood to accompany, to accompany. You. Understood. Ila. Ila compri he understood. L L accompany. She understood. On a country. On a country. One understood. New davon country. Knew that Yvonne company. We understood. Who's have a country whose Ave country you understood? Its own country is on company. They understood. And as onComplete is onComplete, they understood. 102. 78c - compris: How would you say in French? I understand Pierre. Pierre? I don't understand when he speaks English. Only. Only she understands me. I understand you. I understand him. I understand. I understand them. I don't understand you or I understood him very well. I understood her when she spoke slowly to me. You lay companies con el MapOverlay, long-term moon. July companies contain MapOverlay launched moon. So in this sentence, the password has a poor country, gets an extra e on the end. And that's because we're saying I understood her and we're putting the word law in front of the auxiliary verb. And because the word law shortens to l apostrophe in front of the auxiliary verb, we have to add an e to complete and it becomes complete. So we know that the literal l apostrophe is a feminine law. 103. 78d - ce que: How would you say in French? I didn't understand. I'm trying to understand, but it's difficult when you don't speak slowly. Jesse, the compound messy DVC, Palenque MAN. Jesse, the compound messy difficile contain palpalis, want mom or GSA, the component may say difficile convened ballet pylons, mom, JSC, the compounder, messy, DVC, convenient. Bailey launched moon. Now we've seen this next phrase, a few lessons back when we were looking at zoomed among soccer, meaning I wonder what? So sukha Oscar means what? When it's in the middle of a sentence. So we have a few different ways to say what now in French, when you use what ABA start with a question, and we can use the word occur. Occur. So occur is what? When you're asking a question and it goes at the start. We've also learned the phrase Kelly or KLA. And the feminine is QU, EL or QU E, L, L, E S feminine. So KLA means what is, and you can use that in questions such as, what is the address? Galle. And the next wave will always be a noun. But then in the middle of a sentence, we use the phrase circa. For example, June compound path circuit youth pastor, could you Fe I don't understand what you're doing and you can pronounce circa as two words, but more often than not, you'll hear it pronounced as one word, skirt, June, compound path could use a compass K23. So how would you say in French? I don't understand what he's saying. And don't forget that the word curve in sucker shortens to q u apostrophe in front of a word that starts with a vowel. Jean compound path. Tsukiji. Is income pompous, Tsukiji or skill D. How would you say Do you understand what I'm saying? Company woo Tsukiji, D. Company who? Cgd or compound to? Tsukiji D. Compound to CGD. 104. 78e - different ways to say "what": How would you say in French? That isn't what I want. I don't know what I want. Do you know what P1's? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. I don't know what he's doing here. What is he doing here? I've just included this last one to see if you are concentrating or not. So whenever the word what appears at the beginning of a question, you can just use the normal question would infringe. How would you say? I wonder what they said. Jim, demand stickies on D. Assume the monsoon season d. So in this lesson we've had the verb meaning to spend money, the policy. Sukha, which is the word what in the middle of a sentence. Compound, meaning to understand. Complete, is the past participle. Understood? You compound. I understand. To come home. You understand II compound. He understands l come home. She understands. On compound. One understands new component. We understand. Whoo company. You understand it. They understand. And L comprende may understand. 105. 78f - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French? I don't know what he has bought a bad day. I didn't understand what they're saying. Do you know what I want from the supermarket? Say to say to excuse you? Do Superman or savvy Bu Tsukiji reduce your machine? Savvy Bu Shi. He didn't understand me when I spoke French. Cinema. Can see how much money have you spent today? Zhang, Zhang. I wonder how much money I've spent this week. Zoom, demand can be statesmen. Jim demand. When she understands everything. L to L compound two. I don't understand Pierre. Pierre. I spent too much money yesterday. I don't have what you want to go to the UI. Ui. 106. 78g - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse transactions. What are these French sentences mean in English? Have you bought what we want? I'm sorry, but I don't understand what you're saying. In a complaint, but they didn't understand sucrose that day. We didn't understand what it was. To see you in the time why he's here is on the Sankey. 0 is 0. They spent €5. How much money did you spend in France? Qc. Shouldn't say pass QC. I don't know what it is. Did he? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Do you understand me? 107. 78h - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French? At half-past to ADME. Adme. We go to the cinema every other Friday. News alone or cinema today, do one ready news, Alonzo cinema too late. Do von ready? It's absolutely fantastic here, but I'm very tired and I want to go home. Sit ups, lumen, fantastic ECE majors. We type at TEA Fund as TTC majors. We type at Iggy, as you were highly shame why? It's for me. Thank you. Mercy. Mercy. Michelle and Safety Code me yesterday. Michelle. Michelle is Sophie. He isn't tired. We live here in London. Is the allantois or on a beat on I BTC alone. How much is this table? Tabular, say combi asset tabula, I think is delicious. From what you say, Dennis, Yu. We're going to eat here. Moves along. Or EC. 108. 78i - let's recap - French to English: And now let's do some French to English recap translations. What do these friends and does this mean in English? Jim. Jim. I wonder why they're doing that. Vacuum. Vacuum. Are you guys tell me what you're doing? I'm going to pay it now. Only Feldman. They're going to do it tomorrow. I'm not at the hotel today. Where can I go? You vote. Hide it. Bom. Bom. I would like some Apple's tablet. Tablets you play. I would like a small table, please. State Illinois. Illinois. They're asking everybody to bring some food. 109. 79a - would like: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French to spend as into spend money? Dip on say. What? In the middle of a sentence. Sukha. To understand. Compounder. Understood. Company. I understand. Is your compound. You understand in the informal singular to come home. He understands it. She understands L compound. One on ascends. On compound. We understand new component. You understand in the plural or the formal singular. View company. They understand. It will complain and they understand in the feminine. L comprende. Now, we've had this next verb before of Galois. Galois. It means to want, but I'm not giving you the bourgeois again, just for any old reason. There's actually a method in my madness. We're going to conjugate the verb of Galois into a new tenant. And the tense is called the conditional tense. The conditional is a tense that means wood in English. So with the verb NWA, it will allow you to say would want. Or in English, we tend to say would like instead. So far we've had the present tense and the past tense of the verb Levallois. In the present tense we had, which means I want UVA. And in the past tense we had Valais. You've filleted, meaning I wanted. And in actual fact, we have already had the conditional tense of this verb. But I didn't tell you that it was called the conditional tenth of the time will enter a very long time ago in one of the very first lessons of three minute french Wood Ray. Ray. And it means I would like, or literally, it means I would want, since the verb bourgeois means to want. So we've already had one person in the conditional food. Hey, let's have a look at the entire conjugation of the verb bourgeois. Conditional tense. Jiu Bu. Zhu voters means I would like to vote. Array. To array means you would like he would like l would re and Wood Ray. She would like on vertebrae and vertebrae. One would like Mullerian NewFood, Ryan. We would like U3, a Ubuntu. You would like. It would re, re, they would like, and l would re, re, they would like. So that's vulvar in the conditional tense. 110. 79b - wouldn't like: How would you say in French? I would like to go to funds on phones, forms. He would like to come with us. Vinny Arabic, new. Marie would like to buy it. Marie de Marie Wood Ray, last day. I would like a coffee. You will die on coffee. Coffee. Just like with all verbs in French, you can make the conditional form of bourgeois negative or into a question. To make it negative, you put the word no and E in front of the verb and the word PAS after it. So the negative conditional of bourgeois is journal, router, EPA. Epa. I wouldn't like to Nevada or EPA. To Nevada HIPAA. You wouldn't like even a voter AICPA. Ill. He wouldn't like El Nino voter HIPAA. Hipaa. She wouldn't like ANOVA. The HIPAA. Hipaa. One wouldn't like New Nevada. Nevada. We wouldn't like whoo Nevada or AICPA. Who love Audrey AICPA. You wouldn't like e or Nevada? Nevada HIPAA? They wouldn't like and L L, Nevada HIPPA they wouldn't like in the feminine. So that's the negative. And to make it into a question, or you have to do is switch the subject pronoun around with the verb seven question, we get voodoo. Frazier, would I like to wander? A2, would you like? Would write till? Till. Would he like food retail, WaterAid l? Would she like butyrate on watery town? Would one like virion new? Watery on New. Would we like voter a WGU, voter a wou? Would you like? Butyrate? Butyrate. Would they like? And what would they like in the feminine? 111. 79c - passer: How would you say in French? He wouldn't like to come with us. In Laguna hypovolemia. Hypovolemia havoc knew. Where would they like to go? Who would write easily? Easily? Or would you like to eat something? Mosaic and consols. Consols. Consols. Consols. We would like to leave soon. Party of the unto B12 or bacteria or bacteria began to. How would you say, I wouldn't like to do that? Zun Buddha hypothesis, versa. So we've had a bourgeois meeting to want you vote array. I would like to portray. You would like inventory. He would like Elwood Rey. She would like ONE vertebrae. One would like we would like Ubuntu the a you would like Ray. They would like and Elwood rain they would like. Here's another verb you probably noticed, as we've been learning the different structures. Pass a passe. It means to spend as into spend time, not spend money. That was diplomacy. So passe. How would you say in French? I would like to spend two weeks here. Many see Jupiter a passe, do some ADC. They're going to spend the night at my house. 112. 79d - spend & spent: How would you say in French, would you like to spend a weekend? Seminar phones in cementum forms or on phones would have a Bupa, say insulin on phones. Now the wonderful thing about the verb passe is that it's a completely regular verb in the present tense and the past tense. Let's have a quick look at its conjugation. So you pass. You pass means I spend or I'm spending. To pass. To pass means you spend or your spending is pass. It. Pass. He spends or he's spending El Paso. El Paso. She spends or she's spending on pass on bus. One spends or one is spending new Parson, new person. We spend or we're spending. Wgu, passe, UPA, say, you spend all your spending. Yield pass. It will pass. They spend all their spending. And El Paso el pass baseband or they're spending in the feminine. And then the past tense, we have JPA, say J passe, meaning I have spent or I spent 25 passe to a passe. You have spent or you spent ILA. Ila passe. He has spent or he spent L a passe. Ala passe. She has spent or she spent on our Pasi on a passe. One has spent or one spent news I want passe knows I've gone past say we have spent or we spent vis-a-vis passe h2a vapor say you have spent or you spent is on passe. Is on passe. They have spent or they spent and A's on bassy is on Pasi. They spent or they have spent in the feminine. So how would you say in French, Pierre is spending two weeks in England. Along with their normal PS spent a week with Marie, APA, say, Amen. Amen. 113. 79e - les vacances: How would you say in French? We spend two days in Paris. Or did you spend three days in friends or two days at you pass a Twilio home phones. Who did you at you pass a Tuan Zhuan farms or digital or Vivo pass a twice Johann fonts would do is you are able to pass a treasure hunt forms. Who do you say in this lesson so far we've had vulvar, meaning to want Zoo. The way I would like to portray. You would like if he would like Elwood Rey, she would like on waterway, one would like Louboutin Leon. We would like we would create you would like andre. They would like and they would like. And then we have the verb bassy, meaning to spend as in to spend time. Here's your next word for this lesson. Lay vacuums, leave icons. It means the holidays or the vacation lay icons. So how would you say in French, I'm spending the holidays in front. You pass liver consent forms. I'm going to spend the holidays in France. I would like to spend the holidays in France. I spent the holidays in France. Live icons on phones of homes. 114. 79f - combien de temps: How would you ask in French, Where did you spend the holidays? To pass a law comes at, you pass a leprechauns or Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh. I spend the holidays here in England. You pass labor costs. Ec anon, let f, z pass labor costs. You see a normal tear. The holidays were fantastic. Leave icons, a fantastic leave icons, a fantastic. Now the word holiday is a feminine noun. So keep that in mind when you're doing the next sentence. The holidays were too short. Leave icons as a token of labor cones at a taco. So the word God means short, but because it's feminine, we add an e, and because it's plural, we add an S and we get coughed, leave icons at the top. Here's your next phrase for this lesson is a question phrase, combi and the tone. The tone. It means how long, but literally it means how much time combi undo means how much and then don't means time. Combi undertone. How much time or how long. So how would you ask him French, How long did you spend in front? Can be undertone at you passing on farms. Combi undertone at you passe on phones. How long have you been living here? The pre-cum meander tone to VC, the Precambrian, the tone a bit TBC or undertone, I beat a VC, the procambium undertone, Oozie, see? So let's say you are saying, since how long do you live here? 115. 79g - j'espère: How would you ask in French, how long did they spend at your house? Can be undertone until position. Can be handwritten on till position. Or combi undertone until Pasi Xiahou. Combi undertone until ooh. Or instead of untill, you can say it is a feminine group of nouns. How would you ask, how much time would you like to spend abroad? Electron be? I let tangy or combi undertone voted a Bupa say electron can be undertone. Passe electron j. How long has he been waiting here? We don't really see the pre-Columbian, the tone. How long do we have to leave the cake? Leslie legato. Tone, tone, let's say combi and the tone to add only see, look, how long are we waiting. Can be undertone atoned on new combi undertone autonomy. Or combi undertone atan, don't combi undertone at and on. The next phrase is a useful phrase that you can put verbs on the end of. Just spare. Just bear. It means, I hope. And as I said, you can put any verb on the end of gs pair to say what you hope to do. So how would you say in French, I hope to go to friends, homes, especially on farms. 116. 79h - nous espérons: How would you say in French? I hope to spend the holidays abroad this year. Electron JC, Penny, Danny. I hope to speak with Marie tomorrow. I hope to leave at eight o'clock this evening. I hope to buy something beautiful for my sister from Paris. Double bar shows the Bhopal mast cell, the battery. Next week, I hope to finish everything. Last main portion, last domain portion, JASPAR, to finish. Next year, I hope to visit the Eiffel tower with my girlfriend. Yes. Tammy Lani portion. So just means I hope. Means we hope. So. How would you say in French, we hope to spend the holidays in France. Loses on phones. 117. 79i - on espère: How would you say in French? We hope to see Marie tomorrow. We hope to arrive tomorrow morning at half past seven. Lose as a set of ADME news, as I said, we hope to leave very early. Loses their home bacteria 32 loses by title. So new, that means we hope. Or you can also say on a spare, on a spare. So that's one hopes, or we hope on a spare. So for the next few translations use on, instead of knew. How would you say, we hope to spend the holidays in France? On phones, pass a law, constant homes. We hope to see Marie tomorrow. On demand on a span. We hope to arrive tomorrow morning at half past seven. We hope to leave very early. On. To title. 118. 79j - seulement: This next word is a useful adverb, Simone. Simone. It means only Pseudomonas. In French, you put the word soon, long after the verb. Whereas in English, we tend to put the word only in front of the verb. For example, is your past Selma in cement EC, is you pass cinema in so many. C means I'm only spending one week here, but literally amines, I spent only one week here. So in English, we say, I'm only spending. So the word only goes in front of the verb spending. But in French we say, you pass silicon. So silicon goes after the verb bus, Japan, sermon tune. So many see, I'm only spending one week here. Or universal mole. I'm still Montana. I only want a little bit. But literally in French you say, I want only a little bit. Sometimes it's good to try and imagine how a French person might try to say something in English. And then that is how you should say it in French. It's easy to imagine a French person saying something like, I want only a little bit rather than I only want a little bit because that's how you say it in French. You've assumed Mondavi deeper. I want only a little bit. How would you say in French? I'm only spending two days here. Gps, sumo do is you pass thermo, usually see Pierre only wants a bit. I want to eat here, but only if the food is good. You may see Illinois, you may see most Illinois. Marie is only coming for one week. Mary. Mary 119. 79k - if only...: How would you say in French? We hope to go home after only three days. She knew. She knew or on a spare highly, she knew on it's only you and me here now. Nyse. Nyse maintenance or EC maintenance. Say cinema was MYC mountainous. It's only €2. See you soon will say, oh, we can take the train only if we leave now. Cinema senior Pashto mountain. No proven point all the time. Still more senior patho maintenance or pond or a tongue sumo see on bomb antinode on per pound or the pseudomonas Xian Biao mantle, none if only it were possible. Now in English, we tend to say the phrase if only it were. But in French, you can just say if only it was. So literally you would say if only it was possible? C3. C3. If only I could finish it today. 120. 79l - j'espère que: How would you say in French, if only we could see it? C. C or C CMO. See sumo. If only he wanted to come with us. See if l'avenir, HVAC, new l'avenir have a clue. If only they were here now. C is C or C CMO, is it the ISI mountain? S3 is a D C maintenance. She only wanted to go today because she is a busy Pascal. Pascal occupy. If only everything we easier. It's the ceremony today difficile. See Solomon to that they prefer seal. I only wanted a coffee. Cafe. Julie Sullivan, time cafe. Now we can add a little bit to the end over yes, spare, which means I hope to make it even more useful. Just spare CPU. Yes. It means, I hope that is yes. Now just by Arthur is used whenever you want to put anything after gs pair, that isn't an infinitive. Let me explain. Just Parker and losers, Bianca, literally mean, I hope that and we hope that you have to put a curve after yes, spare or newspaper on. If you want to put anything other than an infinitive on the end. For example, just say bone, just bare bone. I hope that it's good. Or I hope it's good. I've put the word that in brackets because in English is optional. However, in French, the word isn't optional. So just bear Cosimo. I hope it's good or I hope that it's good. Yes, Beth. Just spare Copia, the young I hope PR comms or I hope that PR comms. Newspaper Hong could say bone news as Bianca say bone. We hope it's good, or we hope that is good. So the word that is optional in English, but in French you have to use. So just spare. I hope that and you can put any sentence on the end of that. 121. 79m - "que" or "no que": So in English, if it's possible to say the word that after, I hope even if you don't have to use it, you must use the word. In French. I know we've already learned that the word means what. But it can also mean that when it's used after gs pair and loses their home. Have a look at the difference between these two sentences. Yes, spare allele on fonts, just parallely on pons. I hope to go to France. Just bare ion forms. Yes, spare could to vow on France. Yes, backward UV out on finance. I hope you go to friends, or I hope that you go to France. The first sentence uses an infinitive, just bare alley. I hope to go and fast to funds. So you don't need to use the word curve. Isn't even possible to say, I hope that to go to France. So you can't use the word code in this situation. When you put an infinitive after Jasper, you don't need to put anything else. Just the infinitive is yes. I lay. In the second sentence, you can either say, I hope you go to France or I hope that you go to funds. So because it is possible to say the word that in English, you have to say in French, just spare could UVA on fonts? How would you say in French? I hope it's good. Just to say bone. Just bear could say bone. I hope PA goes to yes, Beth to Pierre vowel. See Jasper Copia, that OC. I hope to go to. Yes, parallelly OCI, Yes. Ballet or C. I hope you've had a good holiday. And in French, you have to literally say, I hope you have spent some good holidays. That's a phrase in French that we will look at in a bit more detail in another lesson. So the sentence, I hope you've had a good holiday in French is literally, I hope you have spent some good holidays. So you need to keep in mind the rule about putting an adjective in front of a plural noun that we learned quite a few lessons ago. Remember when you want to say sum and then you put an adjective plus noun, the word song is just DO NOT day. So how would you say, I hope you've had a good holiday? Just bear. Could you say the Bomba cons? Yes, spare could do a passe the bond back cons or jesper Usama passe, do Bomba cones. Yes, Barracuda passe the bone backbones. How would you say We hope that Marie is doing well? Lose as per honky, murky vibe young loses by Hong Kumarajiva Beiyang. Or you can say honest spare commodity. But young, on a spare comma v by the young. We hope everything is perfect for you. Lose a patois. News as good today parfait patois or Hong Kong to the bathroom. Or instead of saying lose, as you can say, on on a spare, could do the bathroom. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. 122. 79n - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How would you say in French, we would like to eat here today if it's possible. Use as VCC possible News, MSNBC or should we see perceivable or on ECOG of VCC possible on a spare. I hope to spend the holidays in France. Yes. How long did you spend in Paris? Can meander dong, dong. Dong, dong. I hope the hotel is good. A bone. A bone. Why did they spend the holidays abroad? Until basilica cons electron g on TV or on till pass a law on tail past electron labor cost. How long would you like to say at mine? Combi undertone or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. I spent two weeks in Spain. G Pasi on espanol. Espanol. We hope it's good news as loose as QC, bone on bone on SPF Cosimo. I would like the car for only one week, please. As you put Rayleigh, watch your puzzlement. Who play? Lava Chiapas, CMO play. We would like to hire a car, but only for three days. The only way in which you may sell mom port 22, move with the only way in which you may sell mom port. Or on Moodle, a way in which your mesalamine port 22 on food railway and what you may see. 123. 79o - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some French to English translations. What are these friends sentences mean in English? Cuckoo. Cuckoo. What would you like to do today? Who would write the law? Where would they like to go? Yes. I shed some problems. Some problems. I hope PA or buy something for me in Aix-en-Provence. I Nice, nice. I hope to buy something for Murray in nice. Cinema rebooted the play is universal, mom. I only want two bottles of red wine. Please. Use this pair. Hong Kong Mary pass the bond backbones, loses their home. Bass, the bond back cons. We hope Marie has a good holiday. Ila or supermarket shade the mama, time, lose Esperanza or Superman. We hope to go to the supermarket tomorrow morning. You pass Selma. I'm only spending three days here. Loses. A deadly serious news as per home, glenoid URAC, a delicious, we hope the food here is delicious. Ray of SDC Mason season a Patricia. Patricia, I would like to stay here, but only if it isn't very expensive. 124. 79p - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French, a bottle of water is €1.28 ANOVA, you in a bit less, um, um, pin one. What time is the train? I would like to go to the restaurant tonight. You would turn right and is on the right. Acth what? A D have a table for 3D blue for tonight. Or UX. Person posts as well. It isn't perfect, but it's very good. Sunni. Sunni. Miss it. For me, the chicken and for her, the turkey, please. Bomb what? Jan silver play? Like Dan seal to play. Do you have the shoes in dark green? At to see on their phone see at UC shows on where fancy or on their fancy, fancy. I'm going to have breakfast here. Uv point is the point. 125. 79q - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? Sonnet by the vizier. Soon it, but it isn't delicious. It's five o'clock that you count all the taxi. Taxi. Are you going to take the taxi with me? Monday, June 8th. Monday, June 8th, dare they blew. My lunch is terrible. I've only I've only before this, can I try the cheese. What you see Colombia. How much is the big car? Poor quality blastula demand. Nephi to pass through ladder man. Why don't you do that tomorrow? Is you see fatty? I'm tired. You just see that we can see the pretest them in. I've been here for three weeks. J2, Feynman tunnel tunnel. I've done everything now. 126. 80a - combien de: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French? I would like you if you would like in the singular, informal. 24 day. He would like, Hey, she would like Elvin today. One would like on waterway, we would like NewFood Ryan. You would like in the plural or singular formal. Voltage VA, they would like. And they would like in the feminine. To spend as independent time. Passe. The holidays or the vacation. Leave icons. How long or how much time. Comey undertone. I hope. We hope loses. One hopes, or we hope on a spare. Only. Summa. We're going to start this lesson by talking a little bit more about the question word Colombia. Colombia, undo. You can put any noun you like after combi, undo. And it means either how much or how many, for example, combi and what you can be and what your means, how many cars? Colombian Daozang, combi down. How much money can be under Van? Combi under Van, how much wine can be under z2? Can be under x2. How many days? Combine this two men can be understood. How many weeks? So how would you ask him French, how many days are you spending here? Comey under Zhu past to ISI, combi and the past too easy. Or Comey under pass a Wu ISI can be under your passive woozy. See how much money did you bring? Zhong Dang Zhong add to a party or convenient? Have a Buddha combi and hours on TV. Buddha. 127. 80b - pour combien de temps: How would you ask in French? Wine, has he drunk? Hammers, cheese, deci Bye. For me. And the formulas at Dell ash day. How many bottles of wine do you want? Combi and the bootable van, which you combine the mutate around with you. Or UX, UI, UX, UI UX. Now in English, a lot of the time when you're asking somebody a how long type question, you tend to end it with the word fall. For example, how long are you going to Spain for? Or how long did you wait for? Well, the word for is a preposition. In English, grammatically speaking, you shouldn't really put prepositions on the end of a sentence. But most people do, including me. However, in French, it's actually against the law to end a sentence in a preposition. Not really, but you should never do it in French. In those how long? For type questions. What you should do in French is bringing the preposition to the very front of the question. Instead, the word for in French, as you know, is poor. So instead of saying something like, how long are you going for, you should say, for how long are you going? Which is book on meander tongue, Aleve. For example, book combi undertone. Olive Wu on France, procambium the tons Ali who's on phones. How long are you going to France for? Literally, for how long are you going to funds? So Don, for combi undertone means for how long? How would you say in French, How long did you go to fronts fall? The term a2 am phones or phones for Commander Tom William forms. 128. 80c - 4 forms of quel: How would you say in French, how long are they staying here for? Procambium, the tongue rested TCC. Procambium, the tone has to TCC or procambium, the tongue on the daily DC for combi undertone arrested tells you see, whenever you would end a question with four in English, you can put poor at the beginning of the question in French. How many days are you infants for? How would you say that? Poco meander x2, a2, a2 and fonts or procambium at warm fonts, but can be under you at Fudan phones. So literally you're saying in French, for how many days are given fronts? How would you ask how many days is he hiring the CAFO combi and the luteal LavAzza? Procambium, the luteal LavAzza. So again, let's say you're saying for how many days is he hiring the car? Another question word that is a bit tricky in French is the word Kelly. Kelly, which means which or which one. Cat. And the word Cale can be changed depending on whether it's talking about something. Masculine, feminine, singular or plural. Therefore, there are four different versions of Kelly. Kelly, q, u is the masculine singular. Ken, QUT, ALL is the feminine singular. Kale. Als is the masculine plural. And kel, QU, E, L, L E S is the band in plural. You can use the different versions of Cal in front of a noun. And it would simply mean which. However, if you use k, l by itself, it can mean which one or which ones. How would you ask him? Which one do you want? Kelvin. Kelvin or Kelvin? Kelvin. Vulli Wu. Which one can I have? Jaguar. Jaguar. So k l by itself without a noun, can be translated into English as, which one can we Jaguar? Which one can I have? 129. 80d - practising with quel: How would you ask in French? Which ones did you try? At USAA gains at USAA or UX case, I would say yea. So we're using Kel in the plural. It can be masculine plural or feminine plural depending on what you're referring to. How would you ask which car does she have? Kilowatt. Kilowatt you. Which one do you like? M2. M2 or UX UI. Which ones do you like M2. M2 or UX UI. Which film did you watch? Can feed him at. You can feel that you can feed him Which bottle of wine that they order. Until Monday. Until Monday. Or in the feminine, you would say on Monday. 130. 80e - do you prefer: Here's another useful phrase in French. There's an informal version and the formal version, press F2 and a boo. Boo. They both mean, do you prefer to is the informal version and UX is the formal or the plural version. So how would you ask in French, which ones do you prefer or prefer a boo? Boo. Where do you prefer France or Spain? Law fonts, less Spaniards. Spaniards. Or ooh, ooh, la France. Ooh, ooh, ooh, less Spaniards. So infringed literally, you have to say, where do you prefer the France or Spain? How would you ask which card you prefer? Kilowatt. Kilowatt or ooh. Ooh. Do you prefer the red wine or white wine? We have our two, Louvain whose Moldovan belong to Louvain, who's, who live oblong? Or perhaps a Boulevard who's all around blown. Prep of a Wu, who's older than blown. Do you prefer going to France or Spain? And in French after the phrase? Or? You can use infinitives. So they're both infinitive carriers, which means you can put the whole verb on the end of them. In English, you say, do you prefer going to friends or to Spain? In French, you would say, do you prefer to go to France or Spain? Or two allele on farms who want a Spaniard to LA on forms. One is fine. You or ooh. Ooh. I lay on phones. 131. 80f - je préfère: How would you ask in French, where do you prefer to eat when you go to friends? On farms? Or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Do you prefer staying at home or going out to tier 2? Tier or Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. How do you prefer to pay? Hey, where do you prefer to go on holiday? Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh, allay. On backbones. We can change the u to I and we get I prefer, which is, your preference, is you prefer. And it's the same as prefer a VPU and plug in that you can put any verb and the end of it and treated as an infinitive carrier. So in English you might say, I prefer spending the holidays in France, whereas in French you would say I prefer to spend the holidays in France. So how would you say I prefer to spend the holidays in France? Constant phones. Phones. 132. 80g - recap: How would you say in French, I prefer this wine. I prefer eating here because the food is always delicious. A2, a2, a2. Dennis use. I prefer buying postcards because souvenirs or too expensive. You prefer ash delicate postal, Pascal a souvenir, Santosh. You prefer Rushdie Li-kert, postal, past girly souvenir Santosh. So in this lesson we've had combi undo, which means how much or how many poor com Yangzhou for how many days. Or in English would say how many days, something for at the end of a sentence. Procambium the tongue. How long for the four ways to say, which are Gayle, Gayle, Gayle, and Gail in speaking may all sound the same, but in writing, they're slightly different. Path AS2. Path F2 means do you prefer, and that's the singular informal. And prefer a Wu. Prefer a Wu means do you prefer in the singular formal or the plural? And then your professor, you prefer means I prefer. And all of the preferred words can be used as infinitive carriers, meaning import an infinitive on the end of them. In English, we tend to say things like, Do you prefer doing something? Whereas in French we say, Do you prefer to do so we use the infinitive. 133. 80h - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French, how many days would you like to hire the car for? Procambium? Would write to Louie. Louie a lava tube or procambium. Ooh, ooh. Ooh, ooh, ooh, Lula watcher. Which one do you prefer? Ooh. Ooh. I prefer staying at home, but I like giving out as well. James OK. Toc. You prefer me gems of OCI? Where do you prefer to stay when you go abroad? Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. Which ones would you like to try? Voodoo? I2. I2, SAA, or Hammond's wine. Have you drunk? Oh, ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh. Ooh, ooh. Which one would you like to buy? Butyrate to? Kelvin. Kelvin to the Udacity. They would like to go abroad, but I prefer staying in England. It would really measure progress. They are normally, they're electron G major prevent, as I say, are normally there. Or electron G major Playfair essay on normally there. Means you prefer, as they are normally there. Which coat that Gy K12. K12. 134. 80i - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these friends sentences mean in English? Kilowatt. Kilowatt you did you hire icons on vacuums? How long did you go unholy full. Until until how many days that they spend at your house? Which hotels you prefer? What time do you prefer to have breakfast? I prefer eating lunch at two o'clock. I don't know which one I went for the table. Allophones. Allophones. I prefer friends. Which ones have they tried? Which T is? Can I try? 135. 80j - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French, breakfast is at seven o'clock tomorrow? Liquidity. Liquidity, Janae, don't arrive to a naive Pat total. Total, or naive, a bad photo. Now you have a pet photo. When did they buy the tickets? Come on. T li ba ba, ba, ba, ba, ba. What time are you going to Murray's House? Or how much is the bill? Say Columbia, Madison. The carriers are very good. Leica hot. I'm bringing that with me tomorrow. I didn't forget. The car is a bit too big for me. Love what? Are you going to order some wine for me? 136. 80k - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What are these? French and in English. Oh, fantastic. Fantastic. The lunch here is always fantastic. I would like to go to the bakery for some bread. After the roundabout, take the third road on the right. I would like to make a reservation. Monday. Monday. He asked me where we're going this evening. Can I go to the shop with you? Excuse. Excuse. Excuse me. How much is this bottle of wine? May I have a room for tonight, please? Mason? I tried it but it wasn't very good. A2. A2 Plessy. Are you in a hurry?