3 Minute French - Course 8 | Language lessons for beginners | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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3 Minute French - Course 8 | Language lessons for beginners

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

176 Lessons (10h 44m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:58
    • 2. 63a - "be" imperative

      3:13
    • 3. 63b - imperative

      4:02
    • 4. 63c - present tense - er verbs (I/je)

      5:03
    • 5. 63d - present tense - two meanings

      3:31
    • 6. 63e - present tense - er practice

      3:25
    • 7. 63f - present tense - er practice

      3:09
    • 8. 63g - present tense - er practice

      3:12
    • 9. 63h - present tense - ir verbs (I/je)

      5:00
    • 10. 63i - present tense - ir practice

      3:10
    • 11. 63j - present tense - re verbs (I/je)

      6:08
    • 12. 63k - present tense - re practice

      3:23
    • 13. 63l - present tense - recap

      4:32
    • 14. 63m - let's practise - English to French

      4:46
    • 15. 63n - let's practise - French to English

      3:11
    • 16. 63o - let's recap - English to French

      5:08
    • 17. 63p - let's recap - French to English

      3:59
    • 18. 64a - present tense - 3 very irregular verbs

      3:12
    • 19. 64b - present tense - 3 less irregular verbs

      3:45
    • 20. 64c - present tense - ir verbs 2

      4:56
    • 21. 64d - present tense - irregular recap

      3:07
    • 22. 64e - present tense - irregular practice

      3:12
    • 23. 64f - negative present tense

      3:20
    • 24. 64g - negative present tense - two meanings

      3:16
    • 25. 64h - negative present tense - practice

      3:05
    • 26. 64i - negative present tense - practice

      3:10
    • 27. 64j - present tense - practice

      3:14
    • 28. 64k - present tense - practice

      3:11
    • 29. 64l - present tense - practice

      3:51
    • 30. 64m - let's practise - English to French

      3:52
    • 31. 64n - let's practise - French to English

      3:28
    • 32. 64o - let's recap - English to French

      3:35
    • 33. 64p - let's recap - French to English

      3:29
    • 34. 65a - present tense - I, you, he, she, we, they

      3:42
    • 35. 65b - present tense - conjugating er verbs

      3:50
    • 36. 65c - present tense - grammatical persons

      3:27
    • 37. 65d - present tense - er verb endings

      4:16
    • 38. 65e - present tense - er practice

      3:21
    • 39. 65f - present tense - ir verb endings

      3:23
    • 40. 65g - present tense - ir practice

      3:34
    • 41. 65h - present tense - ir practice

      3:04
    • 42. 65i - present tense - ir practice

      3:25
    • 43. 65j - present tense - re verb endings

      3:33
    • 44. 65k - present tense - re practice

      3:17
    • 45. 65l - present tense - re practice

      3:06
    • 46. 65m - present tense - endings recap

      4:51
    • 47. 65n - present tense - conjugation recap

      4:24
    • 48. 65o - irregular present tense - aller & avoir

      5:08
    • 49. 65p - irregular present tense - être

      4:10
    • 50. 65q - irregular present tense - venir & faire

      4:21
    • 51. 65r - irregular present tense - dire & voir

      3:20
    • 52. 65s - irregular present tense - boire & conduire

      4:47
    • 53. 65t - irregular present tense - prendre, comprendre & apprendre

      4:03
    • 54. 65u - irregular present tense - dormir, partir & sentir

      4:22
    • 55. 65v - irregular present tense - sortir & servir

      3:26
    • 56. 65w - irregular present tense recap

      3:13
    • 57. 65x - irregular present tense practice

      4:00
    • 58. 65y - let's practise - English to French

      4:25
    • 59. 65z - let's practise - French to English

      3:54
    • 60. 65z2 - let's recap - English to French

      3:26
    • 61. 65z3 - let's recap - French to English

      3:07
    • 62. 66a - structure 2 - introduction

      3:47
    • 63. 66b - structure 2 - extra information

      3:15
    • 64. 66c - stucture 2 - no question word

      3:13
    • 65. 66d - structure 2 - inversion

      4:46
    • 66. 66e - structure 2 - recap of parts

      3:17
    • 67. 66f - structure 2 - practice

      3:26
    • 68. 66g - structure 2 - two meanings

      4:03
    • 69. 66h - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:07
    • 70. 66i - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:19
    • 71. 66j - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:23
    • 72. 66k - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:11
    • 73. 66l - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:13
    • 74. 66m - structure 2 - practice

      3:22
    • 75. 66n - structure 2 - practice

      4:37
    • 76. 66o - let's practise - English to French

      3:30
    • 77. 66p - let's practise - French to English

      3:17
    • 78. 66q - let's recap - English to French

      3:53
    • 79. 66r - let's recap - French to English

      3:27
    • 80. 67a - French pronunciation

      3:23
    • 81. 67b - Consonants - C

      3:37
    • 82. 67c - Consonants - G & H

      3:17
    • 83. 67d - Consonants - J, S & R

      3:50
    • 84. 67e - Vowels

      4:27
    • 85. 67f - Glottal Stop

      3:33
    • 86. 67g - My Accent Story

      8:43
    • 87. 67h - Some useful "chunks"

      3:21
    • 88. 68a - to call me

      3:27
    • 89. 68b - to give me

      3:21
    • 90. 68c - donner - to give

      3:27
    • 91. 68d - donner - present tense

      3:41
    • 92. 68e - to bring me

      3:41
    • 93. 68f - to ask me

      3:25
    • 94. 68g - demander - to ask

      3:14
    • 95. 68h - to ask FOR something

      3:16
    • 96. 68i - to ask SOMEBODY for something

      3:34
    • 97. 68j - demander - practice

      3:32
    • 98. 68k - to try to...

      4:23
    • 99. 68l - I wonder

      3:47
    • 100. 68m - I wonder - practice

      3:14
    • 101. 68n - I'm happy to help

      3:17
    • 102. 68o - final recap

      1:44
    • 103. 68p - let's practise - English to French

      3:51
    • 104. 68q - let's practise - French to English

      3:32
    • 105. 68r - let's recap - English to French

      4:11
    • 106. 68s - let's recap - French to English

      3:19
    • 107. 69a - I wonder what

      4:43
    • 108. 69b - to tell somebody

      4:12
    • 109. 69c - to tell somebody

      3:26
    • 110. 69d - to give you

      3:25
    • 111. 69e - to give you

      3:21
    • 112. 69f - to give you

      3:15
    • 113. 69g - to give you - past & present tense

      3:12
    • 114. 69h - to give you - practice

      3:19
    • 115. 69i - to give you - practice

      3:44
    • 116. 69j - to leave - partir vs laisser

      3:33
    • 117. 69k - laisser - to leave

      3:23
    • 118. 69l - to leave you & me

      3:41
    • 119. 69m - laisser - to leave - practice

      4:43
    • 120. 69n - to leave him, her & it

      3:21
    • 121. 69o - leave me alone

      3:06
    • 122. 69p - informal imperative

      5:10
    • 123. 69q - me vs moi - imperative

      3:52
    • 124. 69r - object pronouns - imperative

      3:04
    • 125. 69s - negative imperative

      4:18
    • 126. 69t - imperative - practice

      3:36
    • 127. 69u - imperative - practice

      4:27
    • 128. 69v - do I have to?

      3:35
    • 129. 69w - mettre - to put

      3:17
    • 130. 69x - recap so far

      3:34
    • 131. 69y - I had to

      3:06
    • 132. 69z - early

      3:44
    • 133. 69z2 - final recap

      3:42
    • 134. 69z3 - let's practise - English to French

      3:56
    • 135. 69z4 - let's practise - French to English

      3:24
    • 136. 69z5 - let's recap - English to French

      3:36
    • 137. 69z6 - let's recap - French to English

      3:33
    • 138. 70a - recap of previous lesson

      3:04
    • 139. 70b - there was / there were

      3:20
    • 140. 70c - there was / there were

      3:23
    • 141. 70d - ready

      3:04
    • 142. 70e - ready to...

      3:15
    • 143. 70f - soon

      3:20
    • 144. 70g - to go - aller - present & past tense

      3:36
    • 145. 70h - aller - practice

      3:16
    • 146. 70i - être - to be

      3:40
    • 147. 70j - it was / it is / it's going to be

      3:08
    • 148. 70k - à l'heure - on time

      3:05
    • 149. 70l - tout va - everything is going

      3:13
    • 150. 70m - "try to..." vs "try and..."

      4:27
    • 151. 70n - final recap

      3:02
    • 152. 70o - let's practise - English to French

      4:19
    • 153. 70p - let's practise - French to English

      3:39
    • 154. 70q - let's recap - English to French

      4:22
    • 155. 70r - let's recap - French to English

      3:49
    • 156. 71a - this morning

      3:22
    • 157. 71b - this afternoon

      3:20
    • 158. 71c - this evening / tonight

      3:03
    • 159. 71d - this - ce / cette / cet

      3:13
    • 160. 71e - ouvrir - to open

      4:28
    • 161. 71f - ouvrir - past & present tense

      3:18
    • 162. 71g - fermer - to close

      3:30
    • 163. 71h - fermer - past & present tense

      3:13
    • 164. 71i - commencer - to start

      3:51
    • 165. 71j - commencer - past & present tense

      3:07
    • 166. 71k - "it" as a subject pronoun

      3:59
    • 167. 71l - asking questions

      3:21
    • 168. 71m - un spectacle - a show

      3:08
    • 169. 71n - un film - a film

      3:19
    • 170. 71o - dans - in

      3:18
    • 171. 71p - regarder - to watch

      3:13
    • 172. 71q - regarder - past & present tense

      4:24
    • 173. 71r - let's practise - English to French

      4:35
    • 174. 71s - let's practise - French to English

      3:30
    • 175. 71t - let's recap - English to French

      3:45
    • 176. 71u - let's recap - French to English

      3:18
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to “3 Minute French - Course 8” The aim of this course is to make French accessible to anybody regardless of age, educational background or "aptitude" for learning. This course leads on from "3 Minute French – Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7" and new language structures are introduced to enable you to communicate in more situations when on holiday abroad.

My method for teaching French is simple but effective. It works for anybody, no matter what your requirements. I have been teaching foreign languages for over ten years and I’ve taught a wide range of students of all ages and backgrounds, including students with learning difficulties, so I know my method is accessible to absolutely anyone, with no exception.

With this course, it’s almost as if you have your very own language tutor at your beck and call. Take it with you wherever you are and have a quick listen to one of the lessons whenever you find yourself with three minutes to spare. You will be amazed at how much your language skills will develop after just a few minutes a day of study. You will start to learn the French language in a simple, logical and fun way.

You will learn a variety of words that you will learn to put together to form sentences that will be useful in any visit to France or any other French speaking country, and you'll learn how to put the words together to form sentences, saying exactly what you want.

PROGRESS TO THE NEXT COURSE

Once you have completed this course, if you would like to learn more French using the same method, you can wait for course 9 (coming soon!) or find my other French courses. Here are the links:

3 Minute French – Course 1

3 Minute French – Course 2

3 Minute French – Course 3

3 Minute French – Course 4

3 Minute French – Course 5

3 Minute French – Course 6

3 Minute French – Course 7

Additionally, I have a series of French courses called “Building Structures”. These courses use the same method found in the 3 Minute French courses, but they focus on building fluency by looking at the different structures of the French language. I recommend starting these courses once you’ve completed up to 3 Minute French – Course 3, and then you can work through both series simultaneously. Here are the links for the Building Structures in French courses on SkillShare:

Building Structures in French – Structure 1

Building Structures in French – Structure 2

Building Structures in French – Structure 3

Building Structures in French – Structure 4

 

Finally, if you want to explore the French language even further, I have some French grammar courses available. I’ve used the same method in these courses as I have in the other courses, so hopefully you’ll find them fun and interesting

French Grammar – Quick Guide – Verbs 1

Success in French Grammar – The Past Tense (aka the present perfect)

 

If you would like to learn a different language, I have the same courses above available in Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch. Just head to my SkillShare profile page to find them all: https://www.skillshare.com/user/3minutelanguages

Happy learning – Bon apprentissage

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Basu AB Avenue. Hello and welcome to three-minute fringe course eight. By now, you're probably more than familiar with how three-minute French works. I split up the lessons into three minute chunks that you can complete in as few as one a day. By doing this, you maintain enthusiasm. You will develop a learning habit and you'll also find it easier to memorize things. In this course, you will find lessons 63 to 71. And just like always, you will have plenty of opportunity to practice everything that you're learning, as well as practicing everything that we've learned in the previous seven courses. So let's not waste any more time. Let's begin learning french. Merci beaucoup, a bone appointee, Serge. Thank you very much and happy learning. 2. 63a - "be" imperative: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French, you eat or you're eating emoji. You don't eat or you're not eating. Una mujer HIPAA. Do you eat or are you eating? Mozi Woo. Don't you eat or Anju eating pneumonia, UPA. Eat in a command. Mozi. Don't eat. Epa. In the last lesson, we learned about how to form commands, also known as imperatives infringe. You simply have to take the present tense and remove the word Wu from the end. For example, mu j. J means eat or fit to demand, fit to the man. Do everything tomorrow. However, there are two more things I want to add. The first is an irregular verb. The verb is eta. Eta. The verb means to be. And in the present tense, we now know that you get W2s at W2s, which means you are. As a command, however, this verb is irregular. If you want to say B, you have to say swipe, swipe AAA. So wij is the imperative or the command of B. For example, swine, ISI, the man, swipe, EC, demand, be here tomorrow. So the command form of eta is CYA, which means B. How would you say Be patient? Swipe a passion. Swipe a passion. Be at the restaurant at five o'clock. The reservation is at quarter past five. Swipe or Hester home. A de-Sitter law has of assume it a Sitter RCA CYA or has a de-Sitter, basion eta d setter, be happy. Swipe. Swipe. 3. 63b - imperative: How would you say in French, be brave? Cya? Oo. Oo means brave or courageous. Don't be shy. Don't be ridiculous. In this way. Particular Newswire AICPA, ridicule. So all of these adjectives that we're using, shy and ridiculous and brave, et cetera. You'll find on the adjectives vocabulary expansion sheet. And if you want to find all the vocabulary expansion sheets, you can go to my website, www dot three minute dot club, forward slash vocabulary, hyphen expansion, hyphen sheets. How would you say? Don't be angry but I've lost the passports. Newswire, EPA cache may GPL, do they pass BPO? Newswire, EPA, she may. Jpl duly passport. Now, that was the first thing I want to tell you about the fact that Swami is the imperative version of the verb. And the second thing I wanted to tell you about was the word VA. Va. The literal meaning of the word VA is 1d. It's the command version of the verb to 1D, which is Galois. However, it isn't used in that way. You will come across the word va a lot when you're in France. It's a way of sounding more polite when giving commands. For example, the phrase at Andi EC, at Andi, ISI means weight here. And it's perfectly fine to say this, but it is a little bit abrupt. A more polite way of telling somebody to weight here is to say VA at tundra EC. Va at tundra EC. You can put any infinitive, which is the whole verb after VA. Like a tundra in this situation. And it's sort of like the equivalent of the English phrase, please be so kind as to, although it's not quite as formulas that phrase. So VA at tundra ISI means Please wait here. Not literally, but that's how we can translate it. You will very often see the word VA used on signs and letters that are telling you to do something. So we can say VA means please. Please be so kind as to, and you can use it as a more polite way of giving commands. So you can put any infinitive on the end of it. So you can't use it to mean please in any other situation except for giving commands. So how would you say please come in and in fringe instead of saying come in, they'll say Entree, which means to enter VA, entree, VAs entree. So it means Please enter, please come in or please be so kind as to enter. 4. 63c - present tense - er verbs (I/je): How would you say in French, Please repeat or Please say it again? And the verb to repeat is rapidly, very a rapid de va. So that means literally, please be so kind as to repeat, but you can use it to say, say it again. How would you say please pay here? Va, VA, VC. A very common word is passion, day, pass Jante, which is belt PA T E N T R. And this can be used to mean to wait patiently or to be patient. So how would you say please be patient? Va, past Jante, VA pass Jante. As I pass, Jante is literally a verb, meaning to patient, but in English we have to be patient or to wait patiently, VA pesante, please be patient. The present tense. We've learned how to form the present tense using V02, which means you. But what about x2? Meaning I? To change a verb into the present tense for whoo. But you have to do is pick any verb and remove the last two letters that step one. And then step two is to put a Wu in front and an ease ed on the end. So we looked at a lot of those examples in the last lesson. Well, to change your verb for x2, meaning I, it's even easier. Or you have to do is take off the r. What I mean is if you want to change a verb such as eat or speak into iEat or I speak in French. We have to do is take all the letter R from the end of the verb and infant. So we can say that step one is to pick any verb and remove the off from the end. And step two, port x2, meaning i in front and away you go. For example, More j mod j means to eat. If we remove the R, we get mortgage and then we import usher in front of it. And we get GMO range. And that's it. Gmos means I eat. So all you have to do is take the r from the end of the verb. So I'll give you six verbs. What you can do is pause the lesson, civic import them into i in the present tense and press plates if you got them right. So the six verbs are Mockingjay, meaning to eat, parlay, to speak. Don't say to dance. Dna, to give visit, day to visit. And a to d, a, to study. Muj parlay. Don't say don a visitor, HUD. So pause the lesson civic and pull them into the present tense simply by removing from the end and putting in front and then press plates if you got them right. So mod j means to eat, take off the arm and put your infant and we get GMOs. Gmos means I eat or I'm eating. Pali means to speak. Japan. Japan means I speak or I'm speaking. Don't say is to dance. Zaydan's. Zaydan's means I dance or I'm dancing. Dani is to give Xiahou Dun. Zhou dawn means I gave or I'm giving visits. A visit is to visit. You visit, GO visit means I visit or I'm visiting. And HUD, HUD a means to study. G2d. G2d means I study or I'm studying. When you have a verb that starts with an E or any value, or the latter stage, the word X2, which is normally J, E, gets shortened to J apostrophe. So rather than saying X2 HUD, we say G2D, G2D yesterday, or I'm studying. And that happens in front of any verb that starts with either a vowel or the letter h. 5. 63d - present tense - two meanings: Now, I know I've said this about 10 billion times already, but it's something I really don't want you to forget because it could hinder your progress. In English, there are two ways to talk about the present tense. You can either say, for example, I eat or I'm eating. Whereas in French, there is just one way. So GMOs change means I eat or I'm eating. Japan. I speak, or I'm speaking. Jew dawns. I dance or I'm dancing. You don't. I give or I'm giving you visit? I visit or I'm visiting. And the reason why I wanted to make sure that you really, really understand this is because when you are speaking French, to begin with, you'll be thinking in English and speaking in fringe and translating what you're thinking into fringe. Eventually, we'll get to a point where I show you how you can think in French and speaking French. But for now, the best way is to think in English and then translate your thoughts into French. However, if your thoughts are something like I am visiting Paris next week, well, you don't want to be thinking I am. I am just re visiting and anything on what's visiting in French, I'm visiting is you visit. So I just wanted to make sure that if you think I'm visiting or I'm speaking, or I'm doing, you just use the present tense in French. So what do you say? I'm visiting or I visit in French, you OSA is you visit. Now you might also have noticed that the verb which ends in e are known as the infinitive, is always pronounced as if it has an a sound on the end. So visit, thay means to visit mom. J means to eat. Ballet is to speak. But when you remove the all from the end of the verb to make the present tense for Ger, you get rid of this ASM and that's why things like GO visit are pronounced the way they are. So it's visit a means to visit when it's got an E on the end. But when you take the are off, it becomes you visit. So the, a sound disappears. So how would you say in French, I'm starting tomorrow? Xiu commands, demand, issue commands the mind. So the verb common say means to start. And so we take off the r and we get commands, which means I'm starting. How would you say I start at five o'clock today? As you commands assigned or should we issue commands? Asanga, who should we? And generally, if you use the nomos before 12, so sunk for five, it is referring to five o'clock in the morning. If you mean five o'clock in the evening, either you can mention list1 or you can use the 24 hour clock, which would be dissenter, which is literally 17 o'clock. 6. 63e - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French, I'm bringing some food to your house tonight. I'm bringing everything with me. I spend too much money when I go on holiday. I'm spending €10. Do they pose diesel? Diesel. So don't forget that to spend, spend money is diplomacy. But to spend as into spending time is passe as into pastime. So how would you say I spend the holidays with my family? Is you pass leave a concept map AMI is you pass labor costs are the methylome. I'm spending a month in Paris next year. As you pass. Apathy. Apathy. I'm paying for the room by cod. So don't forget that in French. You haven't got to say, I'm paying for you to say I'm paying the room by Codd. Pay per packet. How would you say I'm paying for everything? You paid too? Is you pay to literally means I'm paying everything is you pay. But it can also mean I'm paying for everything because eventually exam paying for you to say I'm paying you paid to. 7. 63f - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French? I'm hiring a column, we go to Spain. Next moment. Zulu, conservation. I spine you invite your portion. I eat lots of cheese when I go to funds. Gmos, book would form our Score survey on phones. Book would Format Conservation forms. I'm eating at the Hotel Tonight. I love tails, the SUA GMOs, allo tails as well. If you want to say, I eat meat, literally infringe, you have to say, I eat some meat. So how would you say I eat meat? Doula beyond beyond. I'm changing the reservation because I'm busy until six o'clock tonight. Is your pages. I'm changing rooms because there is no shower in this room. Is your shoulders. You the Sharma. I'm changing cosin x j, pushing, pushing. 8. 63g - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French, I'm staying here today. I find everything interesting in Paris. I'm finding this film a bit boring. Now. I'm on we humans. I find the French wine in England a bit too expensive. See? I'm I'm I speak French and English. A only japan Francais. I'm speaking with Maria Vic Murray. I'm visiting my family abroad. Soon. As you visit my Fahmy electron GB onto, you visit my family. I visit my grandma or at her house every Thursday evening to visit my visit. Today. 9. 63h - present tense - ir verbs (I/je): How would you say in French, I'm giving the key to Pierre because I'm going to the beach. Luckily, you don't like clay Pascal's UV that I'm trying to understand, but it's difficult because you're not speaking very slowly. Jesse, the component may C difficile Petsko, uno paddle, EPA, kinda want more. Jessie, Do components are messy, difficile past Ubuntu pilot, but I don't move. Now, you may or may not have noticed that all of the verbs that we've been using so far in this lesson have ended in e in the infinitive form. However, as you know, there are three types of verb ending in fringe, ER, IR, and r e. So for the verbs, we now know that all we have to do is remove the all from the end of the verb and then put in front and we have the present tense for i. Let's have a look at ir verbs. For ir verbs in French, what you have to do to turn them into the present tense for leisure or for i is removed the all like before. But then you have to put an S on the end. For example, funnier. Funnier means to finish. Finish. What we have to do to make the present tense is removed the off from the end and add an s. And then of course we can put in front, we get Finney, G Finney, which means I finish G Feeney. So we remove the R and then we add an s. And the reason for this is because if you think back to when we did the past tense in French, for ir verbs, the past participle ends in an i. So if you just remove the r from funnier, we're left with Finney, spelled phi i, and that actually means finished. So that's the past participle of the verb. So we add an S to make it the present tense. It's pronounced the same though. So Finney means I finish. So here are six verbs. Funnier, which means to finish. She has yet to choose. Voir, meaning to see. Glossy, which means to gain weight, may agree to lose weight. And AUC, which means to succeed. Pause this lesson. Civic import these verbs into the present tense for i and then press play to see if you got it right. Dismember or you have to do is take off the r and add an s And then put at the start. So funnier, Shasthya, foie gras CIA made clear and try and put these into the present tense. So funnier means to finish your Feeney. As you Finney means I finish or I'm finishing. So we take the are off and we add an S. Schwas year means to choose. Zhuangzi. Zhuangzi means I choose or I'm choosing. Y was to see Joi, Joi is IC or I'm seeing Joi. Glossy. Glossy means to gain weight and it ends in an I R. So we take off the off and change it to an S important in front and we get glossy. Chagasi means I gain weight or I'm gaining weight. Maitreya means to lose weight. You're mentally, geometrically means I lose weight or I'm losing weight. And then you see that you see means to succeed. And so if we take the offer from the end of the year and change it to an S and put at the start we get RACI. Gmc means I succeed or I'm succeeding, you're crazy. So as you funny, Jewish YZ is you've won. And you see him. 10. 63i - present tense - ir practice: How would you say in French? I'm finishing at three o'clock today and then I'm going to town counts or should we a pre-survey on V. G. Finney at councils or should we say, counts, and literally means 15 o'clock, which is the 24-hour version of three o'clock, you could say. And that would be three o'clock, but it means three o'clock in the morning. How would you say in French? Every Tuesday I finished at 12 o'clock. They matter to the American D. I'm choosing a souvenir if my brother Zhuangzi, on souvenir, Jewish YZ and souvenir. I'm choosing something for lunch. Shows, polygyny. Calico shows. How would you say I gain weight when I go on holiday because I eat too many ice cream, cones. Pascals you manage told the glass. Mcons, Pascals you manage toting glass. I'm losing weight because I walk to the beach every day. Pass a law. Is you mentally path cuz you visa PA 11. 63j - present tense - re verbs (I/je): How would you say in French? I'm trying to learn French and I'm succeeding. Jesse upon holy foresee, a IRAC, GSA, and upon low-frequency is your AUC. So when you're talking about languages in French, if you're using the verb Pi Lei, meaning to speak a language, then you haven't got to use the word for the, in front of the language. You can just say paddy francais or ballet only, which means to speak French, so to speak English. But if you're using the verb upon andra, which means to learn or compound meaning to understand, then you have to put the word the in front of the language. And that's why we say upon which means to learn French, literally to learn the fringe. So we've now seen how to form the present tense with 0s of IBS. We have to do is take the r of the end of the verb and put in front. And then we've seen how to form the present tense with ir verbs. It again take the offer from the end, where you have to add an S as well, and then you put at the start. Well, the last type of verb is R e verbs. So with our evolves, but we have to do is remove the IV from the end. And then we add an s And of course the start. And so we take off the R and the E and we add an s. So for example, Fair means to make fair, which is spelled FAI e. So if we take the are off the end and we put an S, Then we get Fei Shou Fei means I make. So fair to make Zhang Fei I make. So you take of the army and important s And at the start. So here are eight are evolves in French. Fair. Fair, which means to do or to make dir. Dir means to say or to tell. Voir. Bwa means to drink at tundra. At tundra means to wait. Vt_2. Vt_1 means to sell. Panera. Ponder means to take compounds. Compounds means to understand and upon her, upon her means to learn the letters. The last three ponder compounds and upon Andhra all have ponder on the end. So if you pause this lesson, see you can turn these eight verbs into the present tense for I, then played civic, got them right. So the verbs again, we're fair deal. Atlanta, von der ponder compounds and upon. So fair means to do automatic. And Zhang Fei Shou Fei is I do or I make, or I'm doing and I'm making dear is to say or to tell. So judy, your D is I say I tell what I'm saying or I'm telling. So DIA was DIR e, we take off the army from the end and report an SBA instead. And we get d. And d is DIS BWA means to drink. Dubois is your BWA, is I drink or I'm drinking? At tundra. At tundra means to wait. Gelatin. Gelatin is Iwate or I'm waiting. With this web. You can't hear the D or the S on the end, jet dawn. So in a tundra, you can hear the D. Then once you take off the R and the E and you add the S on the end, it becomes jet Dawn. And the word, meaning I shortens to J apostrophe in front of verbs that start with a vowel or letter H. And so because a tundra starts with an a, then Iwate is not sure atan, but gelatin. Vt_2 is to sell Jeevan. Jeevan is, ISL, or I'm selling Jeevan. So again, you can't hear the D or the.'s. Panera is to take Z0 upon is your palm. Means I take or I'm taking. And just like before you current here the D or the s. In fact, the N in all of these verbs, Jiaotong, your von, Japan is a nasal sound, and so it's almost like your throat is closing slightly rather than pronouncing it as an n, say didn't say is you're prone for Japan. Comparator means to understand and x2 component is your compound means. I understand. So again, the D and S are completely inaudible and the end is a nasally sound. So as your compound. And that means I understand. And then finally, upon TRA, upon TR means to learn upon her. And Jack palm. Jap Hong means I learn Japan. And again, the meaning I shortens to J apostrophe because upon toa starts with a vowel and you can't hear the D or the S, and the end is a nasally sound, Jap Palm Island. 12. 63k - present tense - re practice: How would you say in French, I'm doing everything now. Maintenance, you fade to lanthanum. I'm making a cake for us. And get TOPO knew. I make breakfast for the family every morning. As you failed a pretty poor law for me. Is you fade it pretty. Today. I'm drinking red wine with dinner. And in French you would have to say literally, I'm drinking some red wine with dinner. Duval, who's leading a due van, whose DNA. So literally, this means I'm drinking some red wine with dinner. How would you say I'm waiting for the boss? Jonathan abuse, Jiaotong abuse. So again in French, you don't say I'm waiting for the bus. You say I'm waiting. The booths will agree. I'm awaiting the boss, Jiaotong loose. How would you say I've been waiting here for an hour. So this literally means Iwate here since one hour. But in French, you can use it to mean I've been waiting here for an hour. I'm selling my car because I want to change it. As you've all my watcher passcodes uvula shown g is your von, MV2 Pascal uvula shown g. So in, I want to change it, the word, it is infringe in this situation because we're referring to a car, which is a feminine noun. So Sean, gee, I want to change it. Literally what you're saying is I want to change her. 13. 63l - present tense - recap: How would you say in French? I'm taking some water to the beach with mean. Is your pond, the Laplacian? Is your pond. Hello. I'm taking a taxi today because it's quicker. Japan and taxi or should we pass to say plu happy? Japan's on taxi, aujourd'hui Pascal say plu, high-speed. I understand a lot in French, but not everything. You come home. Beaucoup on Francais, map2 is your compound beaucoup infancy may PO2. So infringe is on currency. So the word for in, where issues with a language is on ESPN. We've learned before that the word for n is done, the ANS. But when you are speaking about a language is infancy because don't really means in as an inside rather than just in. So don't is inside something. Whereas on can be used with a language to mean in that language on Francais infringe or honorably in English. So that's why we say z-component, bookworm, Farsi, map2. How would you say I've been learning French for three years. Japan, le francais deplete ozone, Japan, le francais des Hasan. So let's say, you're saying I learned the fringe since three years, Japan, le francais des ozone. But it can mean I've been learning French for three years. So in this lesson, we've learned how to form the present tense for I hold measure with ER verbs, but we have to do is remove the r from the end, and that's it. So for example, Mockingjay means to eat, and it's about MAN GER. We remove the R And obviously put the word Jew in front and we get GMO. Gmo change with Manoj, spelled MAN, GE, and GMOs means I eat or I'm eating. With ir verbs, we remove the R, But then we add an s And then put infant. For example, funnier means to finish not spelt FIN ir. So we remove the r and we add an s And then for sure in front and we get, as you're funny, you Finney means I finish or I'm finishing. And then with our evolves, we remove the Army and then add an s. So ponder, ponder means to take, and it's spelled p e n d e. So we take the army of the end and we put an S and then put you in front. And we get Japan. Japan, meaning I take or I'm taking. So that's AR verbs remove the ar, ir verbs remove the r and as an S, R evolves, removed the E and add an s. And we also learned the command swipe, swipe AAA, which means B, and it's the command form of the verb eta. And we lend the polite word VUCA, V-U-C-A, which means please or please be so kind as to, and you can put any infinitive on the end of that. And you can use it as a polite way of giving commands. Va, for example, VA Atlanta ISI, which means Please wait here or please be so kind as to wait here. Va atan2 AC. 14. 63m - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How would you say in French? I understand everything. If you speak slowly to Cebu, please be patient. I'm coming now. There are two ways you can save this infringe. Either you could use the command form of the verb, meaning to be. So you could say Be patient literally, or you could use that hung little word with lead VA, which means please be so kind as to, and you would follow that with the verb pass Jante, which means to be patient. So either you would say seed would play, swipe asean, JVM maintenance or very a past Jante GBM mountain. I'm selling my car. Do you want to buy it? My watch would be here at seven o'clock tomorrow. I want to leave our quarter seven. Swipe VC, swag ABC acetaldehyde is UV path TRS-80. I'm trying to lose weight because I'm Gavin Holiday Inn may GSA, the mega pascal juvenile icons on me. Just say to make the basket Zubaida combs on me. I finish at four o'clock today. Do you want to go to the cinema tonight? Oh, cinema. Cinema. I'm staying at home tonight. I'm very tired. The shame shame was as well. I'm hiring Acuff-Rose. Zulu. I start tomorrow. Don't be shy. 15. 63n - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these French sentences mean in English? Jackpot, Duvall, jackpot, UVA. I'm bringing some wine. Japan, only a dynamo. Japan from C, only a dynamo. I speak French, English, and German. As you pass this, remain on a spaniel. Any portion is you pass remains on a spaniel. Any Pushin. I'm spending two weeks in Spain next year. I'm changing the reservation. Swipe. Swipe. Be happy. Va atan2, IC. Va at tundra is C. Please wait. Here. Is Yeshua xe due van Paula Tablo, MRD FEC, Jewish, YZ driven Paula tabular Mae, C. Difficile. I'm choosing some wine for the table, but it's difficult. Is you fake it? You're shows Paul Bloom. I'm making something for you. Or it could also be, I'm doing something for you to abuse. Abuse. I've been waiting for the bus for an hour. Jack Parlophone, CMAC as C dVc layer. May see it as a DPC. I'm learning French, but it's quite difficult. 16. 63o - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How would you say in French? It's quite bitter, but I like it. Say, I say, I'm a Muslim. Ctsa, measure limb. So the word for bitter is amazing. And it's about a M, ER. Usually if a verb ends in ER, it has a permutation of a like patently meaning to speak. But when an adjective ends in e, we tend to pronounce it. So how would you say in French, How do you say this infringe? Common D2 Sulla and fluency or common deed Vasa on fluency. So commodity Wu means how do you say how would you say may I have the lump, please? So you can use, which literally means to have, but because it's a food item, you can also say Panera, saying can I have it to eat? How would you say I would like to go to his house tomorrow? You food readily, shall we? I'm going to have dinner here. Is you have a pond. Ec is you have a pond or leading a VC. So DNA spout DIN means dinner, and you pronounce it DNA as if it were a verb, even there is a noun. And I just said a few minutes ago that when you have an adjective that ends in eo, you pronounce it like I'm a. But because leading a comes from a verb, the verb DNA, we pronounce it DNA rather than dinner. So DNA means dinner or as a verb, it can be used to mean to have dinner, as in to dine. So you could say UVA DNA EC and take out upon her and LA. And so that would mean literally, I'm going to dine here. We will look at this in more detail in a later lesson. How would you say, where do you want to go tonight? Who? Alice the SUA. Whose Alyssa. So how much is breakfast? Say Columbia lipid today? I would like to hire a big car for five people, please. Louis in groundwater, post-doc person Cebu blame. Railway, Osaka. Please come with me. Well, if you use the verb VA, you will say vernier HVAC, ma, va, Vinny havoc one. Or you could just use the command of veneer, which is Vinny. And you could say Vinny At the coomassie blue play or civil play, Vinaya Vec one. Finally, how would you ask, where is the theatre? Why did they add lutea? 17. 63p - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? For qua Noemi route past settled. Pacquiao. Naomi, who passed that hotel? Why don't you like this hotel? Ostium June VIP pass RTFO SUA basket, just be Tophat Da Zhi Qian Vipassana bus, cuz you sweet top at the AA. I'm going to change the reservation. I don't want to go out tonight because I'm too tired. Subtotal it extraordinaire. Settled it. Extraordinaire. This hotel is extraordinary. I would like breakfast at nine o'clock. Mev M a gel-like the restaurants here. Ecd marsh, news alone, Pont holding a ECD. We're going to have dinner here on Sunday. Udi sock, sack. Do you have any bags? Which is that sits mature. May Israel m. Sets. May editor, happy. Israel m. This car is quite expensive, but it's very fast and I like it. And so we say L, which literally means she is very fast because it is referring to a feminine noun. What year is feminine? So in French, is that of saying, it is very fast. We have to say she is very fast. Finally, what does this mean for Nala, DCM who I gosh, a pre-lab Haumea who had what? A pre-lab Crimea who take the second row on the left and then the first row on the right. 18. 64a - present tense - 3 very irregular verbs: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French, I eat or I'm eating GMOs. I drink, or I'm drinking. Dubois, I leave, or I'm leaving. Japan. What is the command of B? And finally, what is the command word that means please? Va. You now know how to conjugate E0, I0, and RE verbs in the present tense for X2. In this lesson, we'll learn about a few irregular verbs. The reason irregular verbs exist in French, as they do in all languages, especially English, is because languages are man-made. People made up languages. French is based on Latin, as well as a few of the languages. And different pots were taken, changed, and mushed together to form what is called French today. Irregular verb conjugations we formed when people took different parts from different areas of Latin and other languages and put them together. The pilots didn't always go together in a perfect older, and that's why we have irregularities Now. I think irregularities and irregular verbs are what make a language beautiful and unique. A lot of people disagree though. There are three really irregular verbs who chose not to listen even a little bit when the conjugation rules were handed out. These verbs do their own thing, so you simply have to learn them. You almost probably recognize them from all the previous essence anyway, as I have mentioned them before. The three really irregular verbs, our Ofwat, meaning to have, IDA, which means to go, and eta, which means to be. And in the present tense of y, becomes j. So j means I have Ofwat is 2.5, j is i have. In the present tense, I lay becomes survey. So as you vey means I go, I lay is to go and UVA, Ivo. And finally, eta becomes just three in the present tense. So just three means I am. Eta is to be, just to be I am. And we have these three verbs on their own in previous lessons, but here they are altogether. So j is i have UVA, is I go, and just three is I am. So try and remember these three irregulars as, even though they are really odd, they are the most useful verbs in French, J, UVA. And just to be. 19. 64b - present tense - 3 less irregular verbs: We've just learned the three most irregular verbs infringing the present tense. J, meaning I have, is UVA, meaning I go and just we, meaning I am. Now, there is also a small handful of verbs who follow the rules in general, but they change ever so slightly when they are conjugated into the present tense. These three verbs are appellee, meaning to call Ash, stay, which means TBI, and veneer, meaning to come. In the present tense, appellee becomes Japan, meaning I call Ash, day, becomes Jascha, which means I buy and veneer becomes JVM, meaning ICOM, Japan, Jascha, JVM. So you can see that these three verbs, or only a little bit irregular, the first verb, appellee, is spelled APP, ER, but in the present tense for some reason, the L becomes a double l. So Japan, meaning I call, is spelt J apostrophe a, p, p, e, e, so it gets a double l. The second verb cache, spelled a, CH, ET, becomes Jascha yet. And the reason why this verb is slightly irregular is because the e in the middle gets a graph accent. So it's spelt J apostrophe, a CH, E with a graph accent, T0, jack shit, which means I buy. The third verb, veneer, spelled Vn IR, which means to comb, gets a little i from somewhere in front of the E when you conjugate it into the present tense. So we get Zhe Yang Jiu Bian, which is spelt J for meaning I and then v e ns. So an extra i appears in front of the E and that's what makes it irregular. So Japan, I call jack shit, I buy, and Gibeon icon. There three less irregular verbs. They're only slightly irregular and it's irregular more in the spelling, men in the permutation except for JVM. So J-Pal, Jascha, JVM. So that's six irregular verbs. So far we've got J, meaning I have x2, vey, meaning I go just three, meaning I am. And then J-Pal, meaning I call Jascha, meaning I buy and Gibeon, meaning I comb. Where it could do is get a cue card and write down the infinitives on one side of the QC God. And then turn it over and write the present tense version of the infinitives on the other side of the cue card and detach yourself. What you could do is read through the infinitive side and see if you can remember how to conjugate it into the present tense for Azure. So if you see, for example, veneer, then think was linear in the present tense when JVM. And you could also try and think of some sentences that you can form with these verbs. So you've Yang means ICOM. So for example, you could say you've Yang is see today Lan De Zhe Yang Yi Si to Li Lan De, meaning I come here every Monday. 20. 64c - present tense - ir verbs 2: So the six irregular verbs in the present tense that we've learned so far. J, meaning I have UV, meaning I go just three. Meaning I am Japan, which is I call Jascha cut, Ai, Bi, and Gibeon icon. Ir verbs to. We've already had the rule for ir verbs. Or we have to do is remove the R and then add an s. However, when the French language is being created, there was one group of ir verbs who weren't happy with this room. Instead, they decided to make their own little gang with their own room. And they form the second group of ir verbs. There aren't too many of these rebellious ir verbs, but for these verbs, you have to take off the last three letters and then you add an s. So instead of just movingly, Are you remove the last three letters and you can use the recognize if a belongs in this rebellious gang because it will either end in the letter T IR MIR or V i l. So you take the T IR, MIR OR VI of the end of the verb, and then add an s and put a in front. And you have the present tense of the second group of ir verbs. As I said, this second group of ir verbs isn't very big, and there are only six verbs that we use very often. And those six verbs are bacteria, meaning to leave, soft tier, to go out. Santi's, meaning to feel. Monti, to lie. Do MIA, meaning to sleep, and Salvia, meaning to serve. And so you can see that they all end in either the left is t IR MIR OR V IR. Patio, meaning to leave is PAR TIGR. So t, meaning to go out is SIR t. Some key? Meaning to feel is spelled S-E-E NTIA. Mantissa, meaning to lie, is spelled MAN TI. Do MIA, meaning to sleep, is about DR. MIR. And Salvia, meaning to serve is spelled SERVIR. So as I've said to form the present tense of this second group of ir verbs, we remove the last three letters, then add the letter S to the end. And of course we have to put in front. So patio means to leave Japan. Japan means I leave spout, Jamie, for sure. Par S four and say You can't hear the S on the end. So it's just pronounced Azure. So T means to go out. And in the present tense we get just saw, just saw, spelt J, E, S, S. So, and that means I go out. Scientia means to feel. And if we remove the TIGR and put an S on the end, we get some, just s