3 Minute French - Course 8 | Language lessons for beginners | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

3 Minute French - Course 8 | Language lessons for beginners

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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176 Lessons (10h 44m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:58
    • 2. 63a - "be" imperative

      3:13
    • 3. 63b - imperative

      4:02
    • 4. 63c - present tense - er verbs (I/je)

      5:03
    • 5. 63d - present tense - two meanings

      3:31
    • 6. 63e - present tense - er practice

      3:25
    • 7. 63f - present tense - er practice

      3:09
    • 8. 63g - present tense - er practice

      3:12
    • 9. 63h - present tense - ir verbs (I/je)

      5:00
    • 10. 63i - present tense - ir practice

      3:10
    • 11. 63j - present tense - re verbs (I/je)

      6:08
    • 12. 63k - present tense - re practice

      3:23
    • 13. 63l - present tense - recap

      4:32
    • 14. 63m - let's practise - English to French

      4:46
    • 15. 63n - let's practise - French to English

      3:11
    • 16. 63o - let's recap - English to French

      5:08
    • 17. 63p - let's recap - French to English

      3:59
    • 18. 64a - present tense - 3 very irregular verbs

      3:12
    • 19. 64b - present tense - 3 less irregular verbs

      3:45
    • 20. 64c - present tense - ir verbs 2

      4:56
    • 21. 64d - present tense - irregular recap

      3:07
    • 22. 64e - present tense - irregular practice

      3:12
    • 23. 64f - negative present tense

      3:20
    • 24. 64g - negative present tense - two meanings

      3:16
    • 25. 64h - negative present tense - practice

      3:05
    • 26. 64i - negative present tense - practice

      3:10
    • 27. 64j - present tense - practice

      3:14
    • 28. 64k - present tense - practice

      3:11
    • 29. 64l - present tense - practice

      3:51
    • 30. 64m - let's practise - English to French

      3:52
    • 31. 64n - let's practise - French to English

      3:28
    • 32. 64o - let's recap - English to French

      3:35
    • 33. 64p - let's recap - French to English

      3:29
    • 34. 65a - present tense - I, you, he, she, we, they

      3:42
    • 35. 65b - present tense - conjugating er verbs

      3:50
    • 36. 65c - present tense - grammatical persons

      3:27
    • 37. 65d - present tense - er verb endings

      4:16
    • 38. 65e - present tense - er practice

      3:21
    • 39. 65f - present tense - ir verb endings

      3:23
    • 40. 65g - present tense - ir practice

      3:34
    • 41. 65h - present tense - ir practice

      3:04
    • 42. 65i - present tense - ir practice

      3:25
    • 43. 65j - present tense - re verb endings

      3:33
    • 44. 65k - present tense - re practice

      3:17
    • 45. 65l - present tense - re practice

      3:06
    • 46. 65m - present tense - endings recap

      4:51
    • 47. 65n - present tense - conjugation recap

      4:24
    • 48. 65o - irregular present tense - aller & avoir

      5:08
    • 49. 65p - irregular present tense - être

      4:10
    • 50. 65q - irregular present tense - venir & faire

      4:21
    • 51. 65r - irregular present tense - dire & voir

      3:20
    • 52. 65s - irregular present tense - boire & conduire

      4:47
    • 53. 65t - irregular present tense - prendre, comprendre & apprendre

      4:03
    • 54. 65u - irregular present tense - dormir, partir & sentir

      4:22
    • 55. 65v - irregular present tense - sortir & servir

      3:26
    • 56. 65w - irregular present tense recap

      3:13
    • 57. 65x - irregular present tense practice

      4:00
    • 58. 65y - let's practise - English to French

      4:25
    • 59. 65z - let's practise - French to English

      3:54
    • 60. 65z2 - let's recap - English to French

      3:26
    • 61. 65z3 - let's recap - French to English

      3:07
    • 62. 66a - structure 2 - introduction

      3:47
    • 63. 66b - structure 2 - extra information

      3:15
    • 64. 66c - stucture 2 - no question word

      3:13
    • 65. 66d - structure 2 - inversion

      4:46
    • 66. 66e - structure 2 - recap of parts

      3:17
    • 67. 66f - structure 2 - practice

      3:26
    • 68. 66g - structure 2 - two meanings

      4:03
    • 69. 66h - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:07
    • 70. 66i - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:19
    • 71. 66j - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:23
    • 72. 66k - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:11
    • 73. 66l - structure 2 - two meanings

      3:13
    • 74. 66m - structure 2 - practice

      3:22
    • 75. 66n - structure 2 - practice

      4:37
    • 76. 66o - let's practise - English to French

      3:30
    • 77. 66p - let's practise - French to English

      3:17
    • 78. 66q - let's recap - English to French

      3:53
    • 79. 66r - let's recap - French to English

      3:27
    • 80. 67a - French pronunciation

      3:23
    • 81. 67b - Consonants - C

      3:37
    • 82. 67c - Consonants - G & H

      3:17
    • 83. 67d - Consonants - J, S & R

      3:50
    • 84. 67e - Vowels

      4:27
    • 85. 67f - Glottal Stop

      3:33
    • 86. 67g - My Accent Story

      8:43
    • 87. 67h - Some useful "chunks"

      3:21
    • 88. 68a - to call me

      3:27
    • 89. 68b - to give me

      3:21
    • 90. 68c - donner - to give

      3:27
    • 91. 68d - donner - present tense

      3:41
    • 92. 68e - to bring me

      3:41
    • 93. 68f - to ask me

      3:25
    • 94. 68g - demander - to ask

      3:14
    • 95. 68h - to ask FOR something

      3:16
    • 96. 68i - to ask SOMEBODY for something

      3:34
    • 97. 68j - demander - practice

      3:32
    • 98. 68k - to try to...

      4:23
    • 99. 68l - I wonder

      3:47
    • 100. 68m - I wonder - practice

      3:14
    • 101. 68n - I'm happy to help

      3:17
    • 102. 68o - final recap

      1:44
    • 103. 68p - let's practise - English to French

      3:51
    • 104. 68q - let's practise - French to English

      3:32
    • 105. 68r - let's recap - English to French

      4:11
    • 106. 68s - let's recap - French to English

      3:19
    • 107. 69a - I wonder what

      4:43
    • 108. 69b - to tell somebody

      4:12
    • 109. 69c - to tell somebody

      3:26
    • 110. 69d - to give you

      3:25
    • 111. 69e - to give you

      3:21
    • 112. 69f - to give you

      3:15
    • 113. 69g - to give you - past & present tense

      3:12
    • 114. 69h - to give you - practice

      3:19
    • 115. 69i - to give you - practice

      3:44
    • 116. 69j - to leave - partir vs laisser

      3:33
    • 117. 69k - laisser - to leave

      3:23
    • 118. 69l - to leave you & me

      3:41
    • 119. 69m - laisser - to leave - practice

      4:43
    • 120. 69n - to leave him, her & it

      3:21
    • 121. 69o - leave me alone

      3:06
    • 122. 69p - informal imperative

      5:10
    • 123. 69q - me vs moi - imperative

      3:52
    • 124. 69r - object pronouns - imperative

      3:04
    • 125. 69s - negative imperative

      4:18
    • 126. 69t - imperative - practice

      3:36
    • 127. 69u - imperative - practice

      4:27
    • 128. 69v - do I have to?

      3:35
    • 129. 69w - mettre - to put

      3:17
    • 130. 69x - recap so far

      3:34
    • 131. 69y - I had to

      3:06
    • 132. 69z - early

      3:44
    • 133. 69z2 - final recap

      3:42
    • 134. 69z3 - let's practise - English to French

      3:56
    • 135. 69z4 - let's practise - French to English

      3:24
    • 136. 69z5 - let's recap - English to French

      3:36
    • 137. 69z6 - let's recap - French to English

      3:33
    • 138. 70a - recap of previous lesson

      3:04
    • 139. 70b - there was / there were

      3:20
    • 140. 70c - there was / there were

      3:23
    • 141. 70d - ready

      3:04
    • 142. 70e - ready to...

      3:15
    • 143. 70f - soon

      3:20
    • 144. 70g - to go - aller - present & past tense

      3:36
    • 145. 70h - aller - practice

      3:16
    • 146. 70i - être - to be

      3:40
    • 147. 70j - it was / it is / it's going to be

      3:08
    • 148. 70k - à l'heure - on time

      3:05
    • 149. 70l - tout va - everything is going

      3:13
    • 150. 70m - "try to..." vs "try and..."

      4:27
    • 151. 70n - final recap

      3:02
    • 152. 70o - let's practise - English to French

      4:19
    • 153. 70p - let's practise - French to English

      3:39
    • 154. 70q - let's recap - English to French

      4:22
    • 155. 70r - let's recap - French to English

      3:49
    • 156. 71a - this morning

      3:22
    • 157. 71b - this afternoon

      3:20
    • 158. 71c - this evening / tonight

      3:03
    • 159. 71d - this - ce / cette / cet

      3:13
    • 160. 71e - ouvrir - to open

      4:28
    • 161. 71f - ouvrir - past & present tense

      3:18
    • 162. 71g - fermer - to close

      3:30
    • 163. 71h - fermer - past & present tense

      3:13
    • 164. 71i - commencer - to start

      3:51
    • 165. 71j - commencer - past & present tense

      3:07
    • 166. 71k - "it" as a subject pronoun

      3:59
    • 167. 71l - asking questions

      3:21
    • 168. 71m - un spectacle - a show

      3:08
    • 169. 71n - un film - a film

      3:19
    • 170. 71o - dans - in

      3:18
    • 171. 71p - regarder - to watch

      3:13
    • 172. 71q - regarder - past & present tense

      4:24
    • 173. 71r - let's practise - English to French

      4:35
    • 174. 71s - let's practise - French to English

      3:30
    • 175. 71t - let's recap - English to French

      3:45
    • 176. 71u - let's recap - French to English

      3:18
12 students are watching this class

About This Class

Hello and welcome to “3 Minute French - Course 8” The aim of this course is to make French accessible to anybody regardless of age, educational background or "aptitude" for learning. This course leads on from "3 Minute French – Courses 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7" and new language structures are introduced to enable you to communicate in more situations when on holiday abroad.

My method for teaching French is simple but effective. It works for anybody, no matter what your requirements. I have been teaching foreign languages for over ten years and I’ve taught a wide range of students of all ages and backgrounds, including students with learning difficulties, so I know my method is accessible to absolutely anyone, with no exception.

With this course, it’s almost as if you have your very own language tutor at your beck and call. Take it with you wherever you are and have a quick listen to one of the lessons whenever you find yourself with three minutes to spare. You will be amazed at how much your language skills will develop after just a few minutes a day of study. You will start to learn the French language in a simple, logical and fun way.

You will learn a variety of words that you will learn to put together to form sentences that will be useful in any visit to France or any other French speaking country, and you'll learn how to put the words together to form sentences, saying exactly what you want.

PROGRESS TO THE NEXT COURSE

Once you have completed this course, if you would like to learn more French using the same method, you can wait for course 9 (coming soon!) or find my other French courses. Here are the links:

3 Minute French – Course 1

3 Minute French – Course 2

3 Minute French – Course 3

3 Minute French – Course 4

3 Minute French – Course 5

3 Minute French – Course 6

3 Minute French – Course 7

Additionally, I have a series of French courses called “Building Structures”. These courses use the same method found in the 3 Minute French courses, but they focus on building fluency by looking at the different structures of the French language. I recommend starting these courses once you’ve completed up to 3 Minute French – Course 3, and then you can work through both series simultaneously. Here are the links for the Building Structures in French courses on SkillShare:

Building Structures in French – Structure 1

Building Structures in French – Structure 2

Building Structures in French – Structure 3

Building Structures in French – Structure 4

 

Finally, if you want to explore the French language even further, I have some French grammar courses available. I’ve used the same method in these courses as I have in the other courses, so hopefully you’ll find them fun and interesting

French Grammar – Quick Guide – Verbs 1

Success in French Grammar – The Past Tense (aka the present perfect)

 

If you would like to learn a different language, I have the same courses above available in Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese and Dutch. Just head to my SkillShare profile page to find them all: https://www.skillshare.com/user/3minutelanguages

Happy learning – Bon apprentissage

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Basu AB Avenue. Hello and welcome to three-minute fringe course eight. By now, you're probably more than familiar with how three-minute French works. I split up the lessons into three minute chunks that you can complete in as few as one a day. By doing this, you maintain enthusiasm. You will develop a learning habit and you'll also find it easier to memorize things. In this course, you will find lessons 63 to 71. And just like always, you will have plenty of opportunity to practice everything that you're learning, as well as practicing everything that we've learned in the previous seven courses. So let's not waste any more time. Let's begin learning french. Merci beaucoup, a bone appointee, Serge. Thank you very much and happy learning. 2. 63a - "be" imperative: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French, you eat or you're eating emoji. You don't eat or you're not eating. Una mujer HIPAA. Do you eat or are you eating? Mozi Woo. Don't you eat or Anju eating pneumonia, UPA. Eat in a command. Mozi. Don't eat. Epa. In the last lesson, we learned about how to form commands, also known as imperatives infringe. You simply have to take the present tense and remove the word Wu from the end. For example, mu j. J means eat or fit to demand, fit to the man. Do everything tomorrow. However, there are two more things I want to add. The first is an irregular verb. The verb is eta. Eta. The verb means to be. And in the present tense, we now know that you get W2s at W2s, which means you are. As a command, however, this verb is irregular. If you want to say B, you have to say swipe, swipe AAA. So wij is the imperative or the command of B. For example, swine, ISI, the man, swipe, EC, demand, be here tomorrow. So the command form of eta is CYA, which means B. How would you say Be patient? Swipe a passion. Swipe a passion. Be at the restaurant at five o'clock. The reservation is at quarter past five. Swipe or Hester home. A de-Sitter law has of assume it a Sitter RCA CYA or has a de-Sitter, basion eta d setter, be happy. Swipe. Swipe. 3. 63b - imperative: How would you say in French, be brave? Cya? Oo. Oo means brave or courageous. Don't be shy. Don't be ridiculous. In this way. Particular Newswire AICPA, ridicule. So all of these adjectives that we're using, shy and ridiculous and brave, et cetera. You'll find on the adjectives vocabulary expansion sheet. And if you want to find all the vocabulary expansion sheets, you can go to my website, www dot three minute dot club, forward slash vocabulary, hyphen expansion, hyphen sheets. How would you say? Don't be angry but I've lost the passports. Newswire, EPA cache may GPL, do they pass BPO? Newswire, EPA, she may. Jpl duly passport. Now, that was the first thing I want to tell you about the fact that Swami is the imperative version of the verb. And the second thing I wanted to tell you about was the word VA. Va. The literal meaning of the word VA is 1d. It's the command version of the verb to 1D, which is Galois. However, it isn't used in that way. You will come across the word va a lot when you're in France. It's a way of sounding more polite when giving commands. For example, the phrase at Andi EC, at Andi, ISI means weight here. And it's perfectly fine to say this, but it is a little bit abrupt. A more polite way of telling somebody to weight here is to say VA at tundra EC. Va at tundra EC. You can put any infinitive, which is the whole verb after VA. Like a tundra in this situation. And it's sort of like the equivalent of the English phrase, please be so kind as to, although it's not quite as formulas that phrase. So VA at tundra ISI means Please wait here. Not literally, but that's how we can translate it. You will very often see the word VA used on signs and letters that are telling you to do something. So we can say VA means please. Please be so kind as to, and you can use it as a more polite way of giving commands. So you can put any infinitive on the end of it. So you can't use it to mean please in any other situation except for giving commands. So how would you say please come in and in fringe instead of saying come in, they'll say Entree, which means to enter VA, entree, VAs entree. So it means Please enter, please come in or please be so kind as to enter. 4. 63c - present tense - er verbs (I/je): How would you say in French, Please repeat or Please say it again? And the verb to repeat is rapidly, very a rapid de va. So that means literally, please be so kind as to repeat, but you can use it to say, say it again. How would you say please pay here? Va, VA, VC. A very common word is passion, day, pass Jante, which is belt PA T E N T R. And this can be used to mean to wait patiently or to be patient. So how would you say please be patient? Va, past Jante, VA pass Jante. As I pass, Jante is literally a verb, meaning to patient, but in English we have to be patient or to wait patiently, VA pesante, please be patient. The present tense. We've learned how to form the present tense using V02, which means you. But what about x2? Meaning I? To change a verb into the present tense for whoo. But you have to do is pick any verb and remove the last two letters that step one. And then step two is to put a Wu in front and an ease ed on the end. So we looked at a lot of those examples in the last lesson. Well, to change your verb for x2, meaning I, it's even easier. Or you have to do is take off the r. What I mean is if you want to change a verb such as eat or speak into iEat or I speak in French. We have to do is take all the letter R from the end of the verb and infant. So we can say that step one is to pick any verb and remove the off from the end. And step two, port x2, meaning i in front and away you go. For example, More j mod j means to eat. If we remove the R, we get mortgage and then we import usher in front of it. And we get GMO range. And that's it. Gmos means I eat. So all you have to do is take the r from the end of the verb. So I'll give you six verbs. What you can do is pause the lesson, civic import them into i in the present tense and press plates if you got them right. So the six verbs are Mockingjay, meaning to eat, parlay, to speak. Don't say to dance. Dna, to give visit, day to visit. And a to d, a, to study. Muj parlay. Don't say don a visitor, HUD. So pause the lesson civic and pull them into the present tense simply by removing from the end and putting in front and then press plates if you got them right. So mod j means to eat, take off the arm and put your infant and we get GMOs. Gmos means I eat or I'm eating. Pali means to speak. Japan. Japan means I speak or I'm speaking. Don't say is to dance. Zaydan's. Zaydan's means I dance or I'm dancing. Dani is to give Xiahou Dun. Zhou dawn means I gave or I'm giving visits. A visit is to visit. You visit, GO visit means I visit or I'm visiting. And HUD, HUD a means to study. G2d. G2d means I study or I'm studying. When you have a verb that starts with an E or any value, or the latter stage, the word X2, which is normally J, E, gets shortened to J apostrophe. So rather than saying X2 HUD, we say G2D, G2D yesterday, or I'm studying. And that happens in front of any verb that starts with either a vowel or the letter h. 5. 63d - present tense - two meanings: Now, I know I've said this about 10 billion times already, but it's something I really don't want you to forget because it could hinder your progress. In English, there are two ways to talk about the present tense. You can either say, for example, I eat or I'm eating. Whereas in French, there is just one way. So GMOs change means I eat or I'm eating. Japan. I speak, or I'm speaking. Jew dawns. I dance or I'm dancing. You don't. I give or I'm giving you visit? I visit or I'm visiting. And the reason why I wanted to make sure that you really, really understand this is because when you are speaking French, to begin with, you'll be thinking in English and speaking in fringe and translating what you're thinking into fringe. Eventually, we'll get to a point where I show you how you can think in French and speaking French. But for now, the best way is to think in English and then translate your thoughts into French. However, if your thoughts are something like I am visiting Paris next week, well, you don't want to be thinking I am. I am just re visiting and anything on what's visiting in French, I'm visiting is you visit. So I just wanted to make sure that if you think I'm visiting or I'm speaking, or I'm doing, you just use the present tense in French. So what do you say? I'm visiting or I visit in French, you OSA is you visit. Now you might also have noticed that the verb which ends in e are known as the infinitive, is always pronounced as if it has an a sound on the end. So visit, thay means to visit mom. J means to eat. Ballet is to speak. But when you remove the all from the end of the verb to make the present tense for Ger, you get rid of this ASM and that's why things like GO visit are pronounced the way they are. So it's visit a means to visit when it's got an E on the end. But when you take the are off, it becomes you visit. So the, a sound disappears. So how would you say in French, I'm starting tomorrow? Xiu commands, demand, issue commands the mind. So the verb common say means to start. And so we take off the r and we get commands, which means I'm starting. How would you say I start at five o'clock today? As you commands assigned or should we issue commands? Asanga, who should we? And generally, if you use the nomos before 12, so sunk for five, it is referring to five o'clock in the morning. If you mean five o'clock in the evening, either you can mention list1 or you can use the 24 hour clock, which would be dissenter, which is literally 17 o'clock. 6. 63e - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French, I'm bringing some food to your house tonight. I'm bringing everything with me. I spend too much money when I go on holiday. I'm spending €10. Do they pose diesel? Diesel. So don't forget that to spend, spend money is diplomacy. But to spend as into spending time is passe as into pastime. So how would you say I spend the holidays with my family? Is you pass leave a concept map AMI is you pass labor costs are the methylome. I'm spending a month in Paris next year. As you pass. Apathy. Apathy. I'm paying for the room by cod. So don't forget that in French. You haven't got to say, I'm paying for you to say I'm paying the room by Codd. Pay per packet. How would you say I'm paying for everything? You paid too? Is you pay to literally means I'm paying everything is you pay. But it can also mean I'm paying for everything because eventually exam paying for you to say I'm paying you paid to. 7. 63f - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French? I'm hiring a column, we go to Spain. Next moment. Zulu, conservation. I spine you invite your portion. I eat lots of cheese when I go to funds. Gmos, book would form our Score survey on phones. Book would Format Conservation forms. I'm eating at the Hotel Tonight. I love tails, the SUA GMOs, allo tails as well. If you want to say, I eat meat, literally infringe, you have to say, I eat some meat. So how would you say I eat meat? Doula beyond beyond. I'm changing the reservation because I'm busy until six o'clock tonight. Is your pages. I'm changing rooms because there is no shower in this room. Is your shoulders. You the Sharma. I'm changing cosin x j, pushing, pushing. 8. 63g - present tense - er practice: How would you say in French, I'm staying here today. I find everything interesting in Paris. I'm finding this film a bit boring. Now. I'm on we humans. I find the French wine in England a bit too expensive. See? I'm I'm I speak French and English. A only japan Francais. I'm speaking with Maria Vic Murray. I'm visiting my family abroad. Soon. As you visit my Fahmy electron GB onto, you visit my family. I visit my grandma or at her house every Thursday evening to visit my visit. Today. 9. 63h - present tense - ir verbs (I/je): How would you say in French, I'm giving the key to Pierre because I'm going to the beach. Luckily, you don't like clay Pascal's UV that I'm trying to understand, but it's difficult because you're not speaking very slowly. Jesse, the component may C difficile Petsko, uno paddle, EPA, kinda want more. Jessie, Do components are messy, difficile past Ubuntu pilot, but I don't move. Now, you may or may not have noticed that all of the verbs that we've been using so far in this lesson have ended in e in the infinitive form. However, as you know, there are three types of verb ending in fringe, ER, IR, and r e. So for the verbs, we now know that all we have to do is remove the all from the end of the verb and then put in front and we have the present tense for i. Let's have a look at ir verbs. For ir verbs in French, what you have to do to turn them into the present tense for leisure or for i is removed the all like before. But then you have to put an S on the end. For example, funnier. Funnier means to finish. Finish. What we have to do to make the present tense is removed the off from the end and add an s. And then of course we can put in front, we get Finney, G Finney, which means I finish G Feeney. So we remove the R and then we add an s. And the reason for this is because if you think back to when we did the past tense in French, for ir verbs, the past participle ends in an i. So if you just remove the r from funnier, we're left with Finney, spelled phi i, and that actually means finished. So that's the past participle of the verb. So we add an S to make it the present tense. It's pronounced the same though. So Finney means I finish. So here are six verbs. Funnier, which means to finish. She has yet to choose. Voir, meaning to see. Glossy, which means to gain weight, may agree to lose weight. And AUC, which means to succeed. Pause this lesson. Civic import these verbs into the present tense for i and then press play to see if you got it right. Dismember or you have to do is take off the r and add an s And then put at the start. So funnier, Shasthya, foie gras CIA made clear and try and put these into the present tense. So funnier means to finish your Feeney. As you Finney means I finish or I'm finishing. So we take the are off and we add an S. Schwas year means to choose. Zhuangzi. Zhuangzi means I choose or I'm choosing. Y was to see Joi, Joi is IC or I'm seeing Joi. Glossy. Glossy means to gain weight and it ends in an I R. So we take off the off and change it to an S important in front and we get glossy. Chagasi means I gain weight or I'm gaining weight. Maitreya means to lose weight. You're mentally, geometrically means I lose weight or I'm losing weight. And then you see that you see means to succeed. And so if we take the offer from the end of the year and change it to an S and put at the start we get RACI. Gmc means I succeed or I'm succeeding, you're crazy. So as you funny, Jewish YZ is you've won. And you see him. 10. 63i - present tense - ir practice: How would you say in French? I'm finishing at three o'clock today and then I'm going to town counts or should we a pre-survey on V. G. Finney at councils or should we say, counts, and literally means 15 o'clock, which is the 24-hour version of three o'clock, you could say. And that would be three o'clock, but it means three o'clock in the morning. How would you say in French? Every Tuesday I finished at 12 o'clock. They matter to the American D. I'm choosing a souvenir if my brother Zhuangzi, on souvenir, Jewish YZ and souvenir. I'm choosing something for lunch. Shows, polygyny. Calico shows. How would you say I gain weight when I go on holiday because I eat too many ice cream, cones. Pascals you manage told the glass. Mcons, Pascals you manage toting glass. I'm losing weight because I walk to the beach every day. Pass a law. Is you mentally path cuz you visa PA 11. 63j - present tense - re verbs (I/je): How would you say in French? I'm trying to learn French and I'm succeeding. Jesse upon holy foresee, a IRAC, GSA, and upon low-frequency is your AUC. So when you're talking about languages in French, if you're using the verb Pi Lei, meaning to speak a language, then you haven't got to use the word for the, in front of the language. You can just say paddy francais or ballet only, which means to speak French, so to speak English. But if you're using the verb upon andra, which means to learn or compound meaning to understand, then you have to put the word the in front of the language. And that's why we say upon which means to learn French, literally to learn the fringe. So we've now seen how to form the present tense with 0s of IBS. We have to do is take the r of the end of the verb and put in front. And then we've seen how to form the present tense with ir verbs. It again take the offer from the end, where you have to add an S as well, and then you put at the start. Well, the last type of verb is R e verbs. So with our evolves, but we have to do is remove the IV from the end. And then we add an s And of course the start. And so we take off the R and the E and we add an s. So for example, Fair means to make fair, which is spelled FAI e. So if we take the are off the end and we put an S, Then we get Fei Shou Fei means I make. So fair to make Zhang Fei I make. So you take of the army and important s And at the start. So here are eight are evolves in French. Fair. Fair, which means to do or to make dir. Dir means to say or to tell. Voir. Bwa means to drink at tundra. At tundra means to wait. Vt_2. Vt_1 means to sell. Panera. Ponder means to take compounds. Compounds means to understand and upon her, upon her means to learn the letters. The last three ponder compounds and upon Andhra all have ponder on the end. So if you pause this lesson, see you can turn these eight verbs into the present tense for I, then played civic, got them right. So the verbs again, we're fair deal. Atlanta, von der ponder compounds and upon. So fair means to do automatic. And Zhang Fei Shou Fei is I do or I make, or I'm doing and I'm making dear is to say or to tell. So judy, your D is I say I tell what I'm saying or I'm telling. So DIA was DIR e, we take off the army from the end and report an SBA instead. And we get d. And d is DIS BWA means to drink. Dubois is your BWA, is I drink or I'm drinking? At tundra. At tundra means to wait. Gelatin. Gelatin is Iwate or I'm waiting. With this web. You can't hear the D or the S on the end, jet dawn. So in a tundra, you can hear the D. Then once you take off the R and the E and you add the S on the end, it becomes jet Dawn. And the word, meaning I shortens to J apostrophe in front of verbs that start with a vowel or letter H. And so because a tundra starts with an a, then Iwate is not sure atan, but gelatin. Vt_2 is to sell Jeevan. Jeevan is, ISL, or I'm selling Jeevan. So again, you can't hear the D or the.'s. Panera is to take Z0 upon is your palm. Means I take or I'm taking. And just like before you current here the D or the s. In fact, the N in all of these verbs, Jiaotong, your von, Japan is a nasal sound, and so it's almost like your throat is closing slightly rather than pronouncing it as an n, say didn't say is you're prone for Japan. Comparator means to understand and x2 component is your compound means. I understand. So again, the D and S are completely inaudible and the end is a nasally sound. So as your compound. And that means I understand. And then finally, upon TRA, upon TR means to learn upon her. And Jack palm. Jap Hong means I learn Japan. And again, the meaning I shortens to J apostrophe because upon toa starts with a vowel and you can't hear the D or the S, and the end is a nasally sound, Jap Palm Island. 12. 63k - present tense - re practice: How would you say in French, I'm doing everything now. Maintenance, you fade to lanthanum. I'm making a cake for us. And get TOPO knew. I make breakfast for the family every morning. As you failed a pretty poor law for me. Is you fade it pretty. Today. I'm drinking red wine with dinner. And in French you would have to say literally, I'm drinking some red wine with dinner. Duval, who's leading a due van, whose DNA. So literally, this means I'm drinking some red wine with dinner. How would you say I'm waiting for the boss? Jonathan abuse, Jiaotong abuse. So again in French, you don't say I'm waiting for the bus. You say I'm waiting. The booths will agree. I'm awaiting the boss, Jiaotong loose. How would you say I've been waiting here for an hour. So this literally means Iwate here since one hour. But in French, you can use it to mean I've been waiting here for an hour. I'm selling my car because I want to change it. As you've all my watcher passcodes uvula shown g is your von, MV2 Pascal uvula shown g. So in, I want to change it, the word, it is infringe in this situation because we're referring to a car, which is a feminine noun. So Sean, gee, I want to change it. Literally what you're saying is I want to change her. 13. 63l - present tense - recap: How would you say in French? I'm taking some water to the beach with mean. Is your pond, the Laplacian? Is your pond. Hello. I'm taking a taxi today because it's quicker. Japan and taxi or should we pass to say plu happy? Japan's on taxi, aujourd'hui Pascal say plu, high-speed. I understand a lot in French, but not everything. You come home. Beaucoup on Francais, map2 is your compound beaucoup infancy may PO2. So infringe is on currency. So the word for in, where issues with a language is on ESPN. We've learned before that the word for n is done, the ANS. But when you are speaking about a language is infancy because don't really means in as an inside rather than just in. So don't is inside something. Whereas on can be used with a language to mean in that language on Francais infringe or honorably in English. So that's why we say z-component, bookworm, Farsi, map2. How would you say I've been learning French for three years. Japan, le francais deplete ozone, Japan, le francais des Hasan. So let's say, you're saying I learned the fringe since three years, Japan, le francais des ozone. But it can mean I've been learning French for three years. So in this lesson, we've learned how to form the present tense for I hold measure with ER verbs, but we have to do is remove the r from the end, and that's it. So for example, Mockingjay means to eat, and it's about MAN GER. We remove the R And obviously put the word Jew in front and we get GMO. Gmo change with Manoj, spelled MAN, GE, and GMOs means I eat or I'm eating. With ir verbs, we remove the R, But then we add an s And then put infant. For example, funnier means to finish not spelt FIN ir. So we remove the r and we add an s And then for sure in front and we get, as you're funny, you Finney means I finish or I'm finishing. And then with our evolves, we remove the Army and then add an s. So ponder, ponder means to take, and it's spelled p e n d e. So we take the army of the end and we put an S and then put you in front. And we get Japan. Japan, meaning I take or I'm taking. So that's AR verbs remove the ar, ir verbs remove the r and as an S, R evolves, removed the E and add an s. And we also learned the command swipe, swipe AAA, which means B, and it's the command form of the verb eta. And we lend the polite word VUCA, V-U-C-A, which means please or please be so kind as to, and you can put any infinitive on the end of that. And you can use it as a polite way of giving commands. Va, for example, VA Atlanta ISI, which means Please wait here or please be so kind as to wait here. Va atan2 AC. 14. 63m - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How would you say in French? I understand everything. If you speak slowly to Cebu, please be patient. I'm coming now. There are two ways you can save this infringe. Either you could use the command form of the verb, meaning to be. So you could say Be patient literally, or you could use that hung little word with lead VA, which means please be so kind as to, and you would follow that with the verb pass Jante, which means to be patient. So either you would say seed would play, swipe asean, JVM maintenance or very a past Jante GBM mountain. I'm selling my car. Do you want to buy it? My watch would be here at seven o'clock tomorrow. I want to leave our quarter seven. Swipe VC, swag ABC acetaldehyde is UV path TRS-80. I'm trying to lose weight because I'm Gavin Holiday Inn may GSA, the mega pascal juvenile icons on me. Just say to make the basket Zubaida combs on me. I finish at four o'clock today. Do you want to go to the cinema tonight? Oh, cinema. Cinema. I'm staying at home tonight. I'm very tired. The shame shame was as well. I'm hiring Acuff-Rose. Zulu. I start tomorrow. Don't be shy. 15. 63n - let's practise - French to English: Now let's do some reverse translations. What are these French sentences mean in English? Jackpot, Duvall, jackpot, UVA. I'm bringing some wine. Japan, only a dynamo. Japan from C, only a dynamo. I speak French, English, and German. As you pass this, remain on a spaniel. Any portion is you pass remains on a spaniel. Any Pushin. I'm spending two weeks in Spain next year. I'm changing the reservation. Swipe. Swipe. Be happy. Va atan2, IC. Va at tundra is C. Please wait. Here. Is Yeshua xe due van Paula Tablo, MRD FEC, Jewish, YZ driven Paula tabular Mae, C. Difficile. I'm choosing some wine for the table, but it's difficult. Is you fake it? You're shows Paul Bloom. I'm making something for you. Or it could also be, I'm doing something for you to abuse. Abuse. I've been waiting for the bus for an hour. Jack Parlophone, CMAC as C dVc layer. May see it as a DPC. I'm learning French, but it's quite difficult. 16. 63o - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we learned in previous lessons. How would you say in French? It's quite bitter, but I like it. Say, I say, I'm a Muslim. Ctsa, measure limb. So the word for bitter is amazing. And it's about a M, ER. Usually if a verb ends in ER, it has a permutation of a like patently meaning to speak. But when an adjective ends in e, we tend to pronounce it. So how would you say in French, How do you say this infringe? Common D2 Sulla and fluency or common deed Vasa on fluency. So commodity Wu means how do you say how would you say may I have the lump, please? So you can use, which literally means to have, but because it's a food item, you can also say Panera, saying can I have it to eat? How would you say I would like to go to his house tomorrow? You food readily, shall we? I'm going to have dinner here. Is you have a pond. Ec is you have a pond or leading a VC. So DNA spout DIN means dinner, and you pronounce it DNA as if it were a verb, even there is a noun. And I just said a few minutes ago that when you have an adjective that ends in eo, you pronounce it like I'm a. But because leading a comes from a verb, the verb DNA, we pronounce it DNA rather than dinner. So DNA means dinner or as a verb, it can be used to mean to have dinner, as in to dine. So you could say UVA DNA EC and take out upon her and LA. And so that would mean literally, I'm going to dine here. We will look at this in more detail in a later lesson. How would you say, where do you want to go tonight? Who? Alice the SUA. Whose Alyssa. So how much is breakfast? Say Columbia lipid today? I would like to hire a big car for five people, please. Louis in groundwater, post-doc person Cebu blame. Railway, Osaka. Please come with me. Well, if you use the verb VA, you will say vernier HVAC, ma, va, Vinny havoc one. Or you could just use the command of veneer, which is Vinny. And you could say Vinny At the coomassie blue play or civil play, Vinaya Vec one. Finally, how would you ask, where is the theatre? Why did they add lutea? 17. 63p - let's recap - French to English: Now let's do some French to English recap translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? For qua Noemi route past settled. Pacquiao. Naomi, who passed that hotel? Why don't you like this hotel? Ostium June VIP pass RTFO SUA basket, just be Tophat Da Zhi Qian Vipassana bus, cuz you sweet top at the AA. I'm going to change the reservation. I don't want to go out tonight because I'm too tired. Subtotal it extraordinaire. Settled it. Extraordinaire. This hotel is extraordinary. I would like breakfast at nine o'clock. Mev M a gel-like the restaurants here. Ecd marsh, news alone, Pont holding a ECD. We're going to have dinner here on Sunday. Udi sock, sack. Do you have any bags? Which is that sits mature. May Israel m. Sets. May editor, happy. Israel m. This car is quite expensive, but it's very fast and I like it. And so we say L, which literally means she is very fast because it is referring to a feminine noun. What year is feminine? So in French, is that of saying, it is very fast. We have to say she is very fast. Finally, what does this mean for Nala, DCM who I gosh, a pre-lab Haumea who had what? A pre-lab Crimea who take the second row on the left and then the first row on the right. 18. 64a - present tense - 3 very irregular verbs: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French, I eat or I'm eating GMOs. I drink, or I'm drinking. Dubois, I leave, or I'm leaving. Japan. What is the command of B? And finally, what is the command word that means please? Va. You now know how to conjugate E0, I0, and RE verbs in the present tense for X2. In this lesson, we'll learn about a few irregular verbs. The reason irregular verbs exist in French, as they do in all languages, especially English, is because languages are man-made. People made up languages. French is based on Latin, as well as a few of the languages. And different pots were taken, changed, and mushed together to form what is called French today. Irregular verb conjugations we formed when people took different parts from different areas of Latin and other languages and put them together. The pilots didn't always go together in a perfect older, and that's why we have irregularities Now. I think irregularities and irregular verbs are what make a language beautiful and unique. A lot of people disagree though. There are three really irregular verbs who chose not to listen even a little bit when the conjugation rules were handed out. These verbs do their own thing, so you simply have to learn them. You almost probably recognize them from all the previous essence anyway, as I have mentioned them before. The three really irregular verbs, our Ofwat, meaning to have, IDA, which means to go, and eta, which means to be. And in the present tense of y, becomes j. So j means I have Ofwat is 2.5, j is i have. In the present tense, I lay becomes survey. So as you vey means I go, I lay is to go and UVA, Ivo. And finally, eta becomes just three in the present tense. So just three means I am. Eta is to be, just to be I am. And we have these three verbs on their own in previous lessons, but here they are altogether. So j is i have UVA, is I go, and just three is I am. So try and remember these three irregulars as, even though they are really odd, they are the most useful verbs in French, J, UVA. And just to be. 19. 64b - present tense - 3 less irregular verbs: We've just learned the three most irregular verbs infringing the present tense. J, meaning I have, is UVA, meaning I go and just we, meaning I am. Now, there is also a small handful of verbs who follow the rules in general, but they change ever so slightly when they are conjugated into the present tense. These three verbs are appellee, meaning to call Ash, stay, which means TBI, and veneer, meaning to come. In the present tense, appellee becomes Japan, meaning I call Ash, day, becomes Jascha, which means I buy and veneer becomes JVM, meaning ICOM, Japan, Jascha, JVM. So you can see that these three verbs, or only a little bit irregular, the first verb, appellee, is spelled APP, ER, but in the present tense for some reason, the L becomes a double l. So Japan, meaning I call, is spelt J apostrophe a, p, p, e, e, so it gets a double l. The second verb cache, spelled a, CH, ET, becomes Jascha yet. And the reason why this verb is slightly irregular is because the e in the middle gets a graph accent. So it's spelt J apostrophe, a CH, E with a graph accent, T0, jack shit, which means I buy. The third verb, veneer, spelled Vn IR, which means to comb, gets a little i from somewhere in front of the E when you conjugate it into the present tense. So we get Zhe Yang Jiu Bian, which is spelt J for meaning I and then v e ns. So an extra i appears in front of the E and that's what makes it irregular. So Japan, I call jack shit, I buy, and Gibeon icon. There three less irregular verbs. They're only slightly irregular and it's irregular more in the spelling, men in the permutation except for JVM. So J-Pal, Jascha, JVM. So that's six irregular verbs. So far we've got J, meaning I have x2, vey, meaning I go just three, meaning I am. And then J-Pal, meaning I call Jascha, meaning I buy and Gibeon, meaning I comb. Where it could do is get a cue card and write down the infinitives on one side of the QC God. And then turn it over and write the present tense version of the infinitives on the other side of the cue card and detach yourself. What you could do is read through the infinitive side and see if you can remember how to conjugate it into the present tense for Azure. So if you see, for example, veneer, then think was linear in the present tense when JVM. And you could also try and think of some sentences that you can form with these verbs. So you've Yang means ICOM. So for example, you could say you've Yang is see today Lan De Zhe Yang Yi Si to Li Lan De, meaning I come here every Monday. 20. 64c - present tense - ir verbs 2: So the six irregular verbs in the present tense that we've learned so far. J, meaning I have UV, meaning I go just three. Meaning I am Japan, which is I call Jascha cut, Ai, Bi, and Gibeon icon. Ir verbs to. We've already had the rule for ir verbs. Or we have to do is remove the R and then add an s. However, when the French language is being created, there was one group of ir verbs who weren't happy with this room. Instead, they decided to make their own little gang with their own room. And they form the second group of ir verbs. There aren't too many of these rebellious ir verbs, but for these verbs, you have to take off the last three letters and then you add an s. So instead of just movingly, Are you remove the last three letters and you can use the recognize if a belongs in this rebellious gang because it will either end in the letter T IR MIR or V i l. So you take the T IR, MIR OR VI of the end of the verb, and then add an s and put a in front. And you have the present tense of the second group of ir verbs. As I said, this second group of ir verbs isn't very big, and there are only six verbs that we use very often. And those six verbs are bacteria, meaning to leave, soft tier, to go out. Santi's, meaning to feel. Monti, to lie. Do MIA, meaning to sleep, and Salvia, meaning to serve. And so you can see that they all end in either the left is t IR MIR OR V IR. Patio, meaning to leave is PAR TIGR. So t, meaning to go out is SIR t. Some key? Meaning to feel is spelled S-E-E NTIA. Mantissa, meaning to lie, is spelled MAN TI. Do MIA, meaning to sleep, is about DR. MIR. And Salvia, meaning to serve is spelled SERVIR. So as I've said to form the present tense of this second group of ir verbs, we remove the last three letters, then add the letter S to the end. And of course we have to put in front. So patio means to leave Japan. Japan means I leave spout, Jamie, for sure. Par S four and say You can't hear the S on the end. So it's just pronounced Azure. So T means to go out. And in the present tense we get just saw, just saw, spelt J, E, S, S. So, and that means I go out. Scientia means to feel. And if we remove the TIGR and put an S on the end, we get some, just some meaning. I feel just Song. And song is spelled S-E-E NS. You just sun. Then Monte means to lie. And in the present tense we get GMO. Gmo, which means I lie. And it spelt J E for sure. Then M, E and S is your mom. Demir means to sleep. And if we take of the MIR and put an S on the end, we get DO judo. And that means I sleep, spout, DO, DO. And then finally, Salvia. Salvia means to serve. And in the present tense we get just say zu sehr. And that means I serve. And it's about S, E, R, S, C. So that's the six most common verbs that belong to the second group of ir verbs. Japan, ID. If you just saw either Vout is your song. I feel Jamal. I lie, judo, I sleep. And you say, I save. 21. 64d - present tense - irregular recap: We've now seen 12 irregular verbs in the present tense for x2 infringe. We've had three very irregular ones. J, meaning I have GV, meaning I go and just be, meaning I am. Then we had three not so irregular ones. J-pal, meaning I call jack shit, meaning I buy, and Zhe Yang, meaning icon. And then we had six rebellious ir verbs that formed their own group. Japan, meaning I leave, just saw, meaning IDO out, just some. Meaning I feel. Gmr, meaning I lie. Judo, meaning I sleep, and GSA, meaning I save. So that's practiced the millennial. How would you say in French? I have everything here. J2. J2 TC. I go abroad a lot. But this year I'm spending the holidays here in England. Electron Zhi Bu, miss it and as you pass labor cost, ISI or nonmilitary ways electron Ji Bu may sit on a. And I'm going to Sophie's house now. She Sophie maximum. I'm here tomorrow. I call my sister every Saturday morning to listen. To listen. Dima, I'm calling Henry now. On on the mountain. 22. 64e - present tense - irregular practice: How would you say in French, I'm buying a souvenir for you from masi. Souvenir pour Wu and souvenir. I come from London, but I live in France now. As you may, momentum, measure beat. I'm coming to your house today. I leave on Saturday at eight o'clock. Sunday. Sunday. I'm leaving now. I'm leaving out with Maria tonight. I'm serving dinner at eight o'clock. Advantage, leading a Avante. So just to recap those 12 ribs, we had J, meaning I have UVA, I go. I am I call it Ai Bi, Xu Bian. I come. I leave. You just saw I go out. I feel I lie. I sleep. And you say, I save. 23. 64f - negative present tense: Just like when we were learning about how to conjugate the present tense for whoo. You can also play around with the verbs for her to say a variety of different things. Let's start with the negative present tense. Making present-tense verbs negative four x2 is the same as making a verb negative for whom? So you should be an Oprah is now we have to do is put in front of the verb. And then after it. For example, GMO means I eat. Juno launch bar means I don't eat. So here are five verbs in the present tense. See if you can turn them negative. We've got GMO launch, IE, Japan. I leave you vey, I go is your Vaughan. I sell and you pay. I pay. So pause the lesson. Ten is five verbs, negative, and then press, Play, CT. Got it right. So GMOs is iEat, Juneau, March pan means I don't eat. Japan, means I leave when we put a in front of path and a path after it, and we get Juno path BPA, which means I don't leave. Uva, means I go Zooniverse GPA. I don't go. Is you Von means I sell uniform bar. I don't sell. And GPA means I pay is in the paper. I don't pay. So all you have to do is put an E in front of the verb and PAAS after it, and we've got a negative present tense. Now there's just one thing to note about the pronunciation of these negative present tenses. You can pronounce them as I have been doing. Juno launched, Juno path BPA is innovate bar, etcetera. But if you want to sound a little bit more French, what you can do is rather than saying no as if they're separate words which they are, bring them together a bit. So Zun Xun Launchpad sounds more French than Juno launch pan. When you hear French people speak, you'll hear them link words together only in speaking, not in writing. So Juno path, you can pronounce as is in path BPA, Juno vapor, xun vapor. So rather than saying Z1A, pronounce it as Xun. Juno Wonka. Wonka. Juno paper shouldn't paper. So this is just something you can do to sound a little bit more French, bring them in speaking closer to the ger. So it sounds almost like one word, jian. Jian Moore's law is impasse. Bpa is in the EPA, Jeevan Rekha June paper. 24. 64g - negative present tense - two meanings: In English, there is more than one way to talk in the negative present tense. For example, you can say, I don't speak English, or I'm not speaking English. In French, These are both the same only. So whenever you use the negative present tense, infringe, it can mean two things in English. Can mean I don't TDD or I'm not eating. Zun Xun pappa. Either leave or I'm not leaving. Xun vapor. I don't go or I'm not going. Xun von pan, you know, Wonka. I don't sell or I'm not selling Xun paper. Paper. I don't pay or I'm not paying. So how would you say in French, I'm not buying a car. Do what you do, what you do. So don't forget that infringe when a sentence is in the negative, you don't say, I'm not buying a car, use m not buying any call and the wood for any is due in the negative z nasa to do what you how would you say? I don't buy souvenirs. The souvenir sheet. The souvenir. I'm not waiting here. There's too much noise. Parcc audibly. Icc either told the buoy. I haven't been waiting long. As you know, Tom, the preload bom, bom, bom. So even though in English the sentence is in the past tense, I haven't been waiting. In French, you just use the present tense and you say literally, I don't wait since long time. Dependent upon how would you say I'm not going out tonight because I'm too tired. Basket, you just feed TO fatigue. Past the swap as a gain. 25. 64h - negative present tense - practice: How do you say in French? I didn't go out to the moon days. June soft palate, Andy. So don't forget that if you want to say on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, et cetera, you have to just put in front of the day of the week and you don't have to add the S in fringe. So lu Linji means on Mondays. If you have Linji by itself, that means on Monday. How would you say, i don't go abroad on holiday? Is you invade pass electron g on vacuums. Padlet 1J on vacuums. I'm not going to the cinema tonight is too expensive and I didn't have enough money. I'm not bringing anyone with me. I'm not spending much time at home this year. I don't spend enough time with my family. I say don't don't I'm not quoting PA I didn't like him. 26. 64i - negative present tense - practice: How would you say in French? I'm not trying any, geez, I've eaten too much today. I'm not hiring a call for the holiday. The hotel is next to the beach. Joondalup pad what you load it equity Laplacian. Laplacian. I'm not changing tables. George Patton do tabular. I'm not staying here. There were too many corporate is in my room. I'm not finding this film very interesting. Lesson. I don't have any brothers or sisters, but I have a lot of cuisines. Cuz I don't drink wine. Qian Gua Radovan is, you know what? I'm not taking any food with me. There were lots of restaurants there. Fukuda, Vesto, Honda. 27. 64j - present tense - practice: How do you say in French? I'm sorry, but I don't understand. Is just three. There's early may. Compound is just B. There's really measuring a compound pop. I don't finish tonight until eight o'clock. Is you scavenge as you infinity passes. I'm not angry. I'm not doing that now. I'm not making dinner tonight. I'm going out my friends, jean PayPal, Denise as well. You just saw a vague Ms. Amy Qian Fei Palo Denise as well as you saw I've now, I'm going to give you a verb in the infinitive. And what I want you to do is to turn it into the present tense for sure and say it out loud and then also give the English meaning. So if I say a tundra, meaning to wait, I'll stop. And you can say Jet Dawn, which means I wait. Oh, I'm waiting. Because LV have I reserve or I'm reserving von LA to sell Javan. I'm sending ASH de, TBI. Just shade them. I buy or I'm buying. Coleman. See to start. Is your commands. I stopped or I'm starting self t to go out. You just saw I go out. I'm giving out. 28. 64k - present tense - practice: I'm going to give you a verb in the infinitive. And I want you to put it into the present tense and also give the meaning of the present tense in English. Patio, meaning to leave. Japan. I leave or I'm leaving. Meaning to bring out. I bring, Oh, I'm bringing meaning to spend money. Debt bonds. I spend, or I'm spending money by sea to spend time. As you pass. I spend, or I'm spending time to cool. Japan. I call oh, I'm cooling. To try GSA. I try all I'm trying to pay. Pay. I pay or I'm paying. Luay, meaning to hire Zulu. Or I'm hiring, meaning to go. Survey. I go, I'm going Mozi, meaning to eat GMOs. I eat oh, I'm eating. Sean J, which means to change. Your show. I change or I'm changing. Stay, meaning to stay. Jihadist. I stay, I'm staying to find means. I find, oh, I'm finding. 29. 64l - present tense - practice: I'm going to say a verb in the infinitive form. Then I want you to put it into the present tense and also give the English meaning of what it means in the present tense. Fair means to make or to do. Is you FE, I make, oh, I do. Or I'm making, what I am doing eta to be is just v. I am, or I'm being D to say or to tell. Is you d I say or I tell what I'm saying or I'm telling to have g. I have oh, I'm having to see is you've won. I see what I'm seeing. To drink. As you b1, I drink while I'm drinking. To take I take or I'm taking component to understand. I understand. Upon LA to learn. Jack Palm Island, I'm learning funnier. Meaning to finish. Is your Feeney. I finish or I'm finishing. Schwas, meaning to choose. Is your XYZ I choose or I'm choosing. Monte means to lie is human. I lie where I'm lying. Do me to sleep. Judo. I sleep or I'm sleeping. Veneer means to come you via icon or I'm coming. Clv means to serve. Is you say means I save or I'm serving. Some t means to feel. Just some means I feel or I'm feeling. 30. 64m - let's practise - English to French: It's time now to practice what we've been learning in this lesson. How do you say in French, I'm leaving tomorrow, but not until evening. May pass you. Sco X1, X2, pad them on, may, use coursework. So the z-score swam bid at the end is USCA, which means until and loose one, which means the evening. And the on the end of USCA and the meaning the joined together to make o. So you get to school, just go swap until the evening. How would you say I'm not sleeping well, should adopt but yeah. I didn't hire a car when I go on holiday, I take the boss. As you use mcons. As you ponder. I'm not lying is fantastic. Fantastic. Fantastic. I understand that. I'm buying something from mouseY for you. Kp shows the mouseY proven it. I'm saving loans to everybody at two o'clock. A tournament a ketones. Are ketones. I didn't finish until next week. Main portion. I am happy today. I'm bringing some food with me. 31. 64n - let's practise - French to English: And now we'll do some reverse translations. What do these friends sentences mean in English? Spanish or constant c is used to Andrew. I'm not spending the holidays here just one day. I don't lie or I'm not lying. Basket a topic2 bail should we use Kadima Pascaline TO occupy aujourd'hui? I'm not calling Marie until tomorrow because she's too busy today. You've Yang do Bermingham ME alone. Is UV underwhelming. Gun may jab it alone. I come from Birmingham, but I live in London. I'm not giving out tonight. I'm too tired. Uva on phones as a book on phones, assay beaucoup. I go on holiday to find its quite a lot. So Mombasa, I'm not leaving without my possible shows affair. I have too many things to do. I'm not waiting for the Bose. Beyond beyond. I don't eat meat. 32. 64o - let's recap - English to French: What we'll do now are some recap translations to incorporate words and phrases that we've learned in previous lessons. How do you say in French, the chicken is perfect. Look Palais EPA. D1 to go now, UX elements known fully Buddha layman snow. Or do you want to try? The chemists is straight on. How are we going to pay? The hotel is very good for him. I'm going to eat that tomorrow. I would like a taxi, please. And I tried to call Murray Yesterday. Jay. Jay 33. 64p - let's recap - French to English: And now let's do some French to English translations. What do these French sentences mean in English? Mom, pretty lesion, a mom, a theory blew. My breakfast is terrible. And cafes would rise and cafes would play. I would like the coffee please. Waiter cinema. Cinema. Cinema. Or they're going to spend three weeks in the United States. Say, I'm going to Mexico next week is to set the table. Wasn't very good at the restaurant yesterday. It's how fast aid magazine, a2. A2, b1. The shop is straight on. May I try the wine? 34. 65a - present tense - I, you, he, she, we, they: Let's start this lesson with a quick recap of the words and phrases that we learned in the last lesson. How do you say in French? I have J. I go, Hey, I am just three. I leave. I go out. You just saw I feel is just some eye lie. Gmo. I sleep. Judo is you say I call Ai Bi, Jiao shaped icon, JVM. Let's add a little bit more to the tents that we've been looking at the present tense. So far, we've learned how to conjugate a verb in the present tense for UX, meaning you and your meaning I. However, we know from having looked at the past tense, that there are a few more people's talk bout endings, endings, endings. The key to the present tense is what we call verb endings. These are different things that we put on the end of the verb infringed depending on who is doing the action. But what our verb endings, changing the last letters of verbs might seem like a slightly strange concept, but we do do it in English too. Just not as much. Just take any verb in English and I'll show you what I mean. Let's pick to eat. If you want to conjugate to eat in the present tense in English, you simply remove the word to and you add any person to the front. I eat. We eat. They eat. You eat? He eats. Did you notice that when we say he eats, We have to put an S on the end. This is because whenever we're talking about he or she or PHP or any name or it, we have to add an es to the end of the verb in English. We do it automatically and English without even thinking about it. You might not have even known that it was a grammatical rule in English. I know that I didn't before I started learning French. If you don't put the S on the end in English, it sounds a bit strange. He like eating chocolate. That sounds odd. He likes eating chocolate is what it should be. He speak English. That sounds a bit odd. He speaks English. It sounds a little strange if you miss the S of the end in English. Well, it's the same infringe. We know that we have to add 0s ed to the end of the verb for V02 and for ir verbs and RE verbs, you have to add an s 4a. While if you forget to add these endings to be understood, but it will sound a little weird to fringe years. So in English, we have to add es to the end of the verb for he, she, or it. In French, you have to add different endings for every single person. So in this lesson, we're going to learn what these endings are. 35. 65b - present tense - conjugating er verbs: Er verbs. Again, to take an ER verb and conjugated for you so that you can see what we have to put on the end for each person. You already know that we just removed the Folger and we have to add 0s ed for uhm. So his parallelly meaning to speed in all the different persons. In French. J-pal means I speak to pal. You speak if pal he speaks el pal. She speaks new parallel. We speak verbally. You speak and imperil. They speak. So we can see that Japan or we had to do was take the r of the end. So it's PAR LLE to pal, meaning USB-C. We took the r of the end, but we've added an S, So it's spelled PAR, LES, eel pal and L pal while we've just taken the RF again. So it's the same as Japan. New pylon. Well, if you look at it here, we've taken the 0s are off and put o and S on the end. So it's spelled PAR L, ins New pylon, meaning we speak verbally. We blend this one. We take the are off the end and put a zed instead. And then ill pal, meaning they speak. Well, this one is a funny one because it looks like it's got extra less on the end, but you can't hear them. In fact, it's a silent empty on the end. So eel pal, the PAL is spelled PAR, L, E, and T, but it's pronounced pattern. So in PAL, meaning they speak has E and T on the end. So that's pi lay in the present tense, Japan to pile, eel pal, LP, new pylon verbally. And eel pal. I you he she we you, v_a. You may have heard people saying things like first person, second person, or third person. Well, these are actually grammatical terms used to say who is doing the action. First-person means I. Second person means you. Third-person means he or she. There are also singular and plural versions of each of these. So the first person singular is i. The first-person plural is we. The second person singular is you. The second person plural is also u, sorry, no matter in English, whether you're talking to one person or two people, you can refer to them as you always. And the third person singular is either he or she. But the third person plural is vey. In French, I is x2, as we've seen, we is new. U in the singular is two, but you in the plural is voom. He and she is ill and L, And they is ill spelled ILS. So they are all the different persons in French to IL L, new Woo. 36. 65c - present tense - grammatical persons: We've just seen the six different persons in English and what they are in fringe. We had i and we as the first-person singular and plural, and new infringe. The second person singular was you, and also the plural is you. In English, but in French we have two and boom. And then the third person singular in English is he or she, and the plural is VA. In French, we have l and l meaning he and she, and ill spelled ILS, meaning vey. What we could do is write these down on a cue card. As we're learning French, if there's one important grammatical words that you can remember, try and make the word persons. It makes it easier to understand the explanations for some of the more complex grammar that we're going to learn later. For example, the third person singular could be he or she, but it could also BPA or marie, everybody, nobody, everything, all of these words taken s in English. If you put a verb with them, he speaks, she speaks, PS speaks, Murray's speaks. Everybody speaks. Nobody speaks. Everything speaks. They all have the S on the end of Speaks. And this is because they're old third-person singular. Therefore, it's easier for me just to say this can be used for all third-person singular words, then this can be used for he, she, PA, Marie, it, everybody, michael, Nobody, everything. Adult Bernard. So that's what this down on a cue card. We can put a little title, grammatical persons on the QC odd. And we can do a table. We can have three columns and four rows. And on the top we can have singular and plural. And along the left we can have first person, second person, third person. And then we can fill in the gaps. So the first person singular, we have I and June. The first person plural is, we knew. The second person singular is u. To. The second person plural is U, or. The third person singular is he or she, or Yl, l. And the third person plural is they, or email. Now, the order of the persons will always be the same no matter what language or learning. Conjugation tables something which lays out how to conjugate a verb. Always go, I, you, he, she, we, you, and they always, always, always. They go in that order. I you, he, she we U and V. So in reality, there are six different persons, since he or she are classed as the same person, grammatically speaking, the third person singular. So that's the different grammatical persons in English and French. I, you, he, she, we, they, or in French to IL L new Woo. 37. 65d - present tense - er verb endings: Let's take another quick look at the conjugation table for the variable Pali, which means to speak. This time we'll have a look at the different endings on each person. So Pali means to speak. Japan. Japan means I speak, so it just ends in letter e. So what we have to do is remove the R to pan, to pal means you speak. And so we removed the r, but this time we've got an S on the end as well. Ill. Ill pal means he speaks. So this verb ends in an ISA. All we've done removed the R. Similarly, l p, l, l pal means she speaks, and this also ends in an E. So work done is taken the R of the end. New pylon. New pylon means we speak for, we speak the verb. Pylon ends in o ins. So what we've done is removed the ER and added ON S. Wu Pali. Wu wei means you speak. We've seen how to conjugate this. We put ease ed on the end verbally. And then in Pal, in pal means they speak. And so he's got a silent E and T on the end. So the two steps for forming the present tense with an e of EB is to remove the last two letters, which will be the e and the o. And then we add the appropriate endings. But what are the appropriate endings? Well, let's go through them. Sorry for an IR verb, here are the appropriate endings. We take off the ER and then for sure, we add letter E to the end of the verb. For two. We add es to the end of the web for ill or L, Meaning he and she. We add let an E again. For new, which means we, we add the letters o ins. For woo. We address as easy as we've already seen that one. And then for ill, we add letters E and T, but don't forget that four, il, meaning Bay, the ending is silent. And so we can pick any random 0s of IP and we can conjugate it into the present tense now by taking the ER off the end and then adding either E, ES, E, ins is Ed or E and T. So let's practice with the verb 2V, which means to find. So today is spelt TRW VR. How would you say in French? I find as you move, as you prove. So we removed the ER and we add an e. You find either you will say to 24V, if you're speaking informally to one person, to 24V, or if you're speaking formally to one person or more than one person, you would say woo. Woo, two-way. How would you say he finds improve, improve? She finds L2. We find neutron, neutron, and they find you trove improve. So even though this verb ends in e and t, the EMT is silence. A planet's at 2v, spelled t v, t. 38. 65e - present tense - er practice: So for AR verbs, once you've removed the ER, you have to add E, ES, E, ins is Ed and ENT. I remember when I first learned these endings all ages ago, and I thought I've never remember them. What I did on the way home from my French lessons was keep repeating them to myself in a little rhyme. Es E ins is at E and T. Ese ins is Ed ENT. It's not a very good rhyme, but it is really catchy If you say again and again and again until you can't get sagittal head. Then when it stuck in your head, say it ten more times. The better you know these endings, the more quickly you will be able to conjugate the verbs. Ese, ins is at t0 and t0. Eventually you'll reach a point where you don't even have to think about how to conjugate the verb. You won't have to think about what ending to add. The verbal just comes straight out of your mouth automatically. If you keep conjugating and conjugating different verbs, you'll get your ear tuned in to what sounds right. If you say it wrong, it'll sound wrong. Just like in English, he speak French, sounds bad, whereas he speaks French sounds right. Es E ins, is it ENT, say it is 10.5 times until it's stuck in your head. How would you say in French? I speak Japan. Japan. You speak to pal or verbally? To pal? Verbally. He speaks eel pal. It'll pal. She speaks N pal. We speak New pylon, New Babylon. They speak either PAL. How would you say I stay? You stay to heist or stay? Highest? He stays in arrest. She stays. Test. We stay. New headstone, new stone. They stay. Interface. 39. 65f - present tense - ir verb endings: How do you say in French? I try to just say. You try to say, oh, TSA. He tries LSA. Lsa. She tries LSA. Lsa. We try new SAN, lose essay on they dry. Ill essay. He does essay. So that's the AR verbs don't is always the same. For x2. Es for two, E, four L or L. O ins for new is Ed for Woo And a silent ENT for ill. So for example, with x2, which means to play, we have Zhu, meaning I play two x2. You play ill or l x2. He or she placed Lu Zhuan. We play W2s way. You play and issue. They play ir verbs. Let's take an IR verb and conjugated so that we can see what we have to put on the end for each person has ever looked at funnier. So AF_INET means to finish. Graphine, means I finish. To finish. You finish. Ill funny. He finishes. And funny. She finishes. New finish song. We finish. Ruffini say, you finish. And Epiphanes, they finish. And so if you look at the ends of the verbs, we have zucchini spout FIN IS TO Finney, slab is same. Fin IS. But then eel funny and L Funny or spelled FI NIT. New finish song. Phi N S, S O N S Ruffini, say FIN ESS is Ed and infinite phi N I, S, S, E and T. So again, in the infinite, meaning they finish the E and T is silent. So funny, funny, funny, funny, new finish. Some Ruffini say infinite. 40. 65g - present tense - ir practice: So we've just seen an IR verb funnier in the present tense. We had G Feeney, too funny, funny, funny. New finish song, Ruffini say, and epiphanies, meaning I finish. You finish. He finishes. She finishes. We finish. You finish. And they finish. So the steps are step one, remove the last two letters from the verb. And step two is to add the appropriate ending. But what are the appropriate endings for ir verbs? Well, once you've removed the last two letters, then you add these endings for Zhu, meaning I, you add IS for two, meaning you in the informal singular. You add ins for email or l, which are he and she. You add IT. For new, meaning. We, you add the letters I, S, S, O, NS, pronounced East sun. For V02, which is either the formal singular or the plural way of saying you, you add the letters ISS is pronounced EC. And for ill, meaning v_a, you add I, S, S, E, and T. And the E and T is again silent, so it's pronounced. So let's pick a random ir verb and see if you can conjugate it fully into the present tense. Will choose the verb Shasthya. Meaning to choose. Shasthya is spelled CHO, IS ir. So how would you say I choose Zhuangzi? Zhuangzi. So we take the IR off from the end of XYZ and we add ins and you get Xunzi spout. Cah OIS IS how would you say you choose either to Zhuangzi or whoo schwas EC, tissue Azi, bourgeoisie say. And I'll just point out that infringed when you have the letter S surrounded by vowels, such as in this word, you pronounce it like the letter Zed. So schwas Z sub C, H, O, S, S. So the S and the middle is surrounded by the letter I on both sides. So we pronounce it like a zed, schwas z. But then when you have a double Es is pronounced like a clear S sound. So in the UX version we have a single s surrounded by vowels and then a double S. So vu schwas he saved, it's about see high HOI ISI, ss is dead. So the first S is pronounced like a z, and the second double Es is pronounced like an S. So schwas z say Zhuangzi, say, the more you say these are becomes schwa. Say how would you say he chooses? Yield Zhuangzi, English Waze. 41. 65h - present tense - ir practice: How would you say in French, she chooses L Zhuangzi? We choose New Jersey son. So this is another example where we have a single s surrounded by vals and then a double S. So the first S is a z sound and the double S is an S sound. Shuang Zhi, some new Zhuangzi son. How would you say in French they choose ill schwas, these il, Schwartz's. So this spelling we have again a single s surrounded by vals and then a double S. But the E and T on the end of this word is silent, so it's pronounced schwas, zs, Zhuangzi. Zhuangzi, they choose. So the endings for ir verbs are, IS, IS IT, I, S, S, O, N, S, ISS, is Ed, ISS, E and T. And just like we did for the E of verbs, you could make up a little rhyme for the eye of endings does repeated over and o