100+ Natural Korean Expressions | Keehwan Kim | Skillshare

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100+ Natural Korean Expressions

teacher avatar Keehwan Kim, Language teaching professional

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

48 Lessons (5h 53m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      2:36
    • 2. Course overview

      2:31
    • 3. 낯을 가리다, 낯이 익다

      9:32
    • 4. 숫기가 없다, 까질하다

      6:48
    • 5. 쌀쌀맞다, 무뚝뚝하다

      7:04
    • 6. 듬직하다, 참하다

      6:48
    • 7. 싹싹하다, 상냥하다

      6:22
    • 8. 야무지다, 똑 부러지다

      7:11
    • 9. 씩씩하다, 기죽다

      7:10
    • 10. 버릇없다, 뻔뻔하다

      8:26
    • 11. 나이를 먹다

      8:42
    • 12. 철들다, 철없다, 나잇값

      8:54
    • 13. 대들다, 맞먹다

      9:18
    • 14. 잘 맞다, 안 맞다, 눈 맞다

      8:18
    • 15. 친하다, 절친하다, 친근하다

      8:22
    • 16. 잔소리하다, 바가지를 긁다

      7:42
    • 17. 깨지다, 차다

      7:35
    • 18. 바람피우다, 딱 걸리다

      7:34
    • 19. 욕 먹다, 벌받다, 잘못하다

      9:41
    • 20. 사고 치다, 큰일 나다

      8:01
    • 21. 성질나다, 열 받다

      7:20
    • 22. 서운하다, 섭섭하다, 아쉽다

      7:37
    • 23. 삐지다, 달래다, 풀다

      8:50
    • 24. 난감하다, 답답하다

      6:29
    • 25. 따분하다, 지루하다, 심심하다

      6:48
    • 26. 놀다, 쏘다

      6:43
    • 27. 약속 있다, 약속 잡다, 약속이 깨지다

      7:54
    • 28. 한 잔 하다, 해장하다, 속을 풀다

      7:02
    • 29. 당기다, 질리다, 지겹다

      9:18
    • 30. 죽겠다, 미치겠다

      4:18
    • 31. 무슨 일이야? 무슨 일 있었어? 무슨 일이 점 있었어

      6:48
    • 32. 무슨 소리, 딴 소리

      5:29
    • 33. 쓸데없는, 뜬금없다

      7:13
    • 34. 잘 나가다, 망하다

      7:20
    • 35. 고생하다, 애쓰다

      8:39
    • 36. 신경 쓰다, 신경 끊다, 신경이 곤두서다

      9:40
    • 37. 눈치를 보다, 눈치가 보이다

      9:06
    • 38. 눈치가 없다, 눈치가 빠르다

      5:18
    • 39. 마음먹다, 마음이 흔들리다

      6:46
    • 40. 마음이 가다, 마음에 들다

      7:35
    • 41. 마음이 아프다, 마음이 안 좋다, 마음이 놓이다

      6:49
    • 42. 정신없다, 정신 사납다

      7:20
    • 43. 정신 차리다, 정신 나가다

      6:55
    • 44. 말을 걸다, 말을 나누다

      7:43
    • 45. 말이 되다, 말귀를 알아듣다

      7:05
    • 46. 막 말하다, 말을 듣다

      8:01
    • 47. 정이 많다, 정이 가다

      7:05
    • 48. 정이 들다, 정이 떨어지다

      7:29
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to my class on learning natural Korean expressions.

In this class, you will learn over 100 natural Korean expressions. There are 10 units in this course. The first five units focus on learning useful expressions based on their language function.

  • 2. Personality
  • 3. Age
  • 4. Relationship
  • 5. Accident & emotions
  • 6. Language with friends

The following five units (units 7 to 11) focus on learning expressions that use specific nouns.

  • 7. 신경 & 눈치
  • 8. 마음
  • 9. 정신
  • 10. 말
  • 11. 정

Each lesson focuses on two or three expressions, and within each lesson, there are speaking practices, and the lessons come with lesson worksheets to further supplement your learning.

Do check out the class introduction and overview video to find out more about what you will learn and how the class is structured.

See you in class!

김기환 (Keehwan Kim)

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Keehwan Kim

Language teaching professional

Teacher

Hi everyone!

My name's Keehwan Kim and welcome to my teacher profile page.

I have been a language teaching professional since 2005, and I have been working as a language learning content producer, working for the likes of BBC Learning English as a content producer.

I love everything about teaching and learning languages. I think best analogy of language learning is of trying to go up an escalator that's coming down. You have to work hard to make forward progress, and if you stop trying, it's easy to lose all that progress you have made.

Many of us live in environments where interacting with the language you're learning is extremely difficult, but I hope my courses help you to engage with the language you're trying to learn and help yo... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hi everyone and welcome to my course on learning natural Korean expressions. I'm your instructor King gave on one kinda. Now the main aim of this course is to learn natural everyday expressions that Korean people use. For example, inquiry. And if you want to say that someone is angry, the most common expression we use is Kannada. Kannada. But another way of expressing someone being angry is younger, but he, Aryabhata. The word JAR means heat and the verb that means to receive. So the literal meaning, but that is to receive heat. But this is another really common way of saying that someone is angry. Your backpack, Yoruba stop. So in this course we'll focus on learning these common natural everyday expressions that Korean people use. And by learning these expressions is going to improve your speaking, but also your comprehension of what you listened to and what you will learn many useful expressions to describe people's personalities, how to talk about people's relationships. We'll also learn useful expressions to talk about our feelings. Will learn to say how we're angry, but we'll also learn how to say we're sad and we're poor. We're also going to learn many useful expressions we can use with Korean friends. Then towards the end we'll learn many useful expressions we use with specific nouns, such as mom, which means mind, by which means was in speech. And Chang, which we use to talk about our feelings of affection and closeness, as well as over 100 natural Korean expressions. This course will help you to develop your vocabulary and grammar knowledge. Each lesson comes with a worksheet so you can preview and review the vocabulary, the example sentences, explanation of key grammar points, and also practice writing the example sentences from the lesson. And as with all our courses, the lessons are designed to be interactive. So you will get ample opportunities to practice saying the expressions that you're learning. Now, there are over five hours of video contents again through. So once you ready jumping the course and I'll meet you in the first lesson. See you then combine. 2. Course overview: Hi everyone and welcome to the course overview lecture. In this lecture, I wanted to quickly explain how this course is set up so that you can make the best use of all the learning resources available. All the expressions are divided into ten units. The expressions are initially categorized into their language function. But later in the course, the expressions are grouped into certain nouns they used with. Some units have a lot of different expressions, while other units are quite small. Now, there are two key learning resources available in this course. And they are the lesson worksheets and the video lessons themselves. To make the best use of the video lessons, you should first preview the lesson worksheets. In the worksheets, you can preview the key expressions and you can preview the vocabulary you will come across in the example sentences. And naturally, we need to use other words to form example sentences with the expressions that you're learning in the lessons. We may also use some advanced grammar structures in our example sentences. So you can preview what these structures are before the video lessons themselves. And this will help you to understand the example sentences when you come across them in the lessons. Finally, you can also preview the example sentences in the worksheet. Once you have preview these elements from the worksheets, you can then move on to the video lessons. Each video lesson covers two or three key expressions. And for each expression will explain the meaning and the usage. We provide example sentences and show you how these expressions are used in specific contexts. After that, there are speaking practices. So after the initial input process, there is also an output component which will help you to internalize what you're learning. Once you are finished with a lesson, you can use a lesson worksheets to practice writing the example sentences from the lesson. And this will further help to reinforce what you learn in the video lessons. All the lesson worksheets are available to download in the resources section. Okay, so I hope that's given you a clear understanding of how this course is structured. As always, if you have any questions, do let me know. The next lesson is our first lesson, and we'll first deal with many expressions we can use to talk about people's personalities. See you then, bye-bye. 3. 낯을 가리다, 낯이 익다: Hi everyone and welcome to the first lesson on learning natural Korean expressions. Over the next few lessons, we're going to focus on some useful expressions we can use to talk about people's personalities and characteristics. And in this lesson, we're going to focus on learning of very common Korean expression to talk about people's personalities using the noun that the first expression is natural caddy that naturally guided data. And we use this expression to talk about people being shy. The second expression is not cheap. And this expression isn't related to talking about people's personalities, but it's a very common expression. And we use this expression to say that someone looks familiar. Let's first begin with that tiller caddy that now the noun that refers to one's face and the verb caddy, that means to differentiate. And the literal meaning of this combined expression, NAT terracotta EDA, is to differentiate or distinguish. So when we use that to carry that, it means that the person differentiates the faces they're familiar with and is shy when they see faces they're not familiar with. Now to understand why this expression is common in Korea, you have to understand the nature of social interaction in Korea. When two strangers meet for the first time, the normal way to interact is to be formal and polite. And you can move on to using less formal language once you have formed a close relations with the other person. So in Korea, people tend to be more careful with each other when they first meet. And I think this naturally leads to people developing shy personalities in Korea than in Western countries. To give you an example of how we can use this expression. You have a friend who's really outgoing and talkative, but becomes quiet and shy as soon as someone new is introduced to the group. Then we can describe that friend by saying Chechen Gonen, NO2 Chi DIR, My friend is shy, touching Gonen that silica. Also another common use of natural Canada is when babies are shy with strangers, and I think is quite common for babies to cried when the hell by strangers in any country. And when this happens, we can say that syllabi honeyguide AIR, the baby is very shy, are giga that's nearby, near guy. And as you can see in this sentence, we can use adverbs like Marnie, in-between that till and cardio to express someone being very shy. We can also say someone's not shy by forming negative sentences. So we can say that two unguided or cut cardiology and I0, and this means not shy. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Chair Dong Zheng in naturally guided. My youngest sibling is shy gentlemen Zheng, And that's really got a pseudonym. That token guy DIR, Susie is a little shy pseudonym that to tour guide. Bins and then that's when x2 is very shy. Benzene and that Salaam Tonga. So here we have different adverbs, Jorgen and Chang to express how much Susie and been xu i chai. Let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. That she regarded teaching Gonen that silica, chair Tong Zheng and natural Gaia. Certainly none that to togas guides are giga, benzene and that's a long tongue idea. Excellent job, well-done. Now, another way of using that n caddy that is to form a noun. The noun of that guy e That is not guiding. That got him means being shy or having difficulty dealing with strangers. And we can use various verbs with knock Adam to talk about someone being shy and not shy. Here are some example sentences using that got him. Chechen Gonen. Now Academy is CYA, my friend, the shy, touching Gonen. The academies are giga Academy on Jiangxi mail. The baby is very shy. Agi gada Academy on Jiangxi mail. So we can use the verbs it to have an HSI model, to be severe, to say that someone is shy. If we want it to say someone was not shy, then we can use the verb to not have. So we can say teaching Gonen Academy upside. And this means my friend is not shy. And this can also mean that the friend is sociable and outgoing. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Chechen Gonen not Academy is CYA touching Gonen Academy site. Chechen Gonen Academy upsides are giga Academy on Jiangxi male. That was great, well-done. Let's now look at the second expression using that Nazi IQ back. When we want to say that someone looks familiar, we use the verb that with, that, that is a verb that means to be familiar. So when we say that T, that it means that someone looks familiar. So if you see someone who looks familiar, then you can say Charles add-on that CI Gaia. That person looks familiar, Chalcedon that cheek. And if you go to a party and there are a lot of familiar faces, then you can say pagans had under the bonnie CYA, There are a lot of familiar people Donegan's had under the Messiah. So in both sentences, not cheat, that is used to talk about familiar faces. But in the first sentence, we use Nazi e-Guide as a verb phrase. And in the second sentence, we change that she, that to its adjective form, non-legal to describe sad handle people as being familiar. 1 to note regarding pronunciation is that in the adjective form, non-vegan, the cheat button changes to Indian and the year in the second syllable is replaced by a10. And so this is pronounced non-legal, non-vegan. Here are a few more examples sentences. Saw something in that cheek. That teacher looks familiar. Chosen saying name that she got. Chair that gee, that person looks familiar. Chaired our cheek or non-vegan, Shingo, Diddy, Bonnie SIAH. There are a lot of familiar friends, non-negative singularly by n0 psi L. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of using NAT t to talk about familiar faces. Repeat after me. Tells us that t tells him that Ci Gei, chair that CI go non-negative lambda d Barney style. Now Negin singularly Barney CYA. Excellent job today, well-done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned how to talk about someone being shy in front of strangers by using natural caddy that, and that got him. And we also learned, talk about someone looking familiar using that CI and non-legal. In the next lesson, we're going to learn useful expressions we can use to talk about people being shy and difficult. See you then, bye-bye. 4. 숫기가 없다, 까질하다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn two more expressions related to describing someone's personality. The first expression is Sukh IGA, Tsukiji tau. And this is similar to Nazi regarded that as it's used to describe someone being shy. And the second expression is catchy da-da, da-da-da. And it's more negative as it describes someone being difficult. Let's first begin with Suzuki up that first in this word, Tsukiji up that Suzuki is pronounced as spooky. Spooky. So you can just ignore the shield patch him in the first syllable and key in the second syllable is pronounced as a Sankey OK sound. So it's spooky, spooky, spooky guy up there, Tsukiji up there. Now, Suzuki refers to not being shy when dealing with people and being active. So when it's used with a verb, which means to not have, it means that that person doesn't have these qualities. The combined phrase Tsukiji up that means to be shy. And using this expression is very simple. Let's say that your friend Min Zu is shy. So to describe Min Zu using this expression, we can say means none. Tsukiji Uppsala means Oishei, benzene and Tsukiji Alps AIA. And unlike natural Canada, we generally don't use adverbs with this expression Tsukiji up that here are two more examples sentences. Surgeon in Tsukiji, Uppsala, Susie is shy. Surgeon in Tsukiji. Teachings phonons, giga upside. My friend is shy, touching Golden's giggled exile. You can also say that someone has Tsugi using the verb, which means to have. And this would mean that someone is not shy and more sociable. However, use of the verb with Tsugi is quite rare. And the common expression we use using the noun Suzuki is spooky guy up there. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice with the sentences using Tsukiji up that repeat after me. So key guy, psi, min, x1 and x2 key Gauss-Seidel, pseudonym Tsukiji Alps, AIA, jetting, Gonen zucchini gulps ie. That was excellent, well-done. Now let us consider the second expression, catchy radar, catchy law. Now, the main use of catchy Dada is to describe something such as someone's skin as being not smooth, rough. So if your skin is not smooth, rough because of try skin, you can say people got gutsy data. People got gutsy data. However, we also use this word gutsy data to describe someone's personality, not being smooth and being a little rough. So gutsy Dada is used to describe someone as being difficult. However, we also have another word in Korean that describes people as being difficult and it's Baghdad or that Gadara Octa. And the difference between these words is that Gadara OK, that describes someone being fussy, picky. So if someone is very fussy about the kind of food they eat, we can say they are Qatar op that got adopted. However, gutsy radar is more based on how someone acts and speaks to someone. They're worse and behavior are somewhat mean to other people. For example, if you go into the cafe to get coffee for people at work and you're taking orders from a lot of people and you have that one person who once soy latte with extra shots? No form. And at a 120 degrees, you can say that that person is gathered octa gada, drop that. On the other hand, as you're taking orders, one person unnecessarily gets annoyed with you because you've interrupted that person reading an unimportant email that you can say that that person is gutsy radar. Gutsy radar. So Gadara octa is more about someone being fussy and particular, while gutsy Dada is more to do with someone's words and actions being a little mean. Ok, so to describe someone as being a little mean and difficult, we can say hoodie on linen, Chiang Mai, gutsy there. My older sisters, so difficult. Woody Allen in and Tamagotchi. And in this sentence we use the adverb Chong Man to modify how difficult and mean My sister is. Here are two more example sentences. Kuang Ni Men Jiang Katsura. The managers are little difficult. Quadrangle him and John Katsura, Vinson and yojeum on Tang catch-up means is very difficult these days. Means anon yojeum, Armstrong Katsura. Okay, so with that in mind, let's now do a speaking practice of these sentences using gutsy rather. Repeat after me. Chong, Marika, Leon, Nina, and Tamagotchi there. Pausanias and Joan gutsy means anon, yojeum, arm Tang, catchy. They're fantastic job today, well-done. Ok, so today we learned the two expressions we can use to describe people's personality. Suzuki up that which means to be shy and gutsy. Dadda, which means to be difficult, to be a little mean. In the next lesson, we'll learn two expressions we can use to describe people's personalities in a negative way. I'll see you soon again in that lesson. Bye-bye. 5. 쌀쌀맞다, 무뚝뚝하다: Hello again. So in this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to describe people's personality in a slightly negative way. The first expression is sinusitis. That SAT assignment that, and this means that someone is cold and unfriendly. And the second expression is Wood took to CUDA, took to CUDA. And this also means that someone's not friendly, but also rather quiet. Let's first begin with a SAT assignment there. The first part of psilocybin, Matt Cyrus's means code. So if the weather is Chile, you can say The weather is Salazar had that nice sinusoid A0. So when we describe people as being Santa sediment, that we describing that person as being cold and unfriendly. And to describe someone as being cold and unfriendly, we can say sinusitis that or sorry, assignment that they use and meaning are very similar. So if your friend Mina is cold and unfriendly, You can say Bina and n satisfy images. Mina is code, Bina is not friendly. Melanin, psilocybin, Magi L. Additionally, we often describe people as having certain tendencies. So if you want to say that Bina tends to be code, we can say Mina and n satisfy. Imagine Kenya. Mina tends to be code mean n and the cytosol. Imagine plenty AL. So we use cytosine Matt with the county there, which we use to describe people's tendencies. And we can use this with other expressions we have learned so far in this course. So we can say that Gottingen, Danielle tends to be shy, catch it and county ALL tends to be difficult. Now, how we add uncanny, that depends on the kind of verbs it is attached to him. For more information on this, please refer to the resource sheet for this lesson. Let's take a look at few more example sentences using the sentence Patterson, surgeon in the cytosol mageia. Susie is code switching and the cytosol mageia. Chair Tong Zheng and satisfy. My youngest sibling is not friendly. Chair Tong Zheng and satisfied mageia Al Simpson and science are Imagine Kenya. Jingzhou tends to be code, Shinzen and the cytosol, Martin County Jail, Nina and cytosine. Imagine Kenya. My older sister tends to be code tail needed in the cytosol. Imagine Kenya ALL. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns using site assignment that repeat after me, manana, and satisfy my pseudonym sinusitis. Chair Dong Zheng in Sarasota, mageia, Shinzen and science. I imagine plenty El Nino and satisfied. Imagine plenty l, mean n and satisfied. Imagine Kanye l. That was Excellence, well-done. Let's take a look at the second expression would took, took, took, took CUDA. Now the first part would took took refers to someone being quiet and not having the quality of being friendly and sociable. So we took two CUDA describe someone as having these qualities. However, it's important to note that the expression would took the cauda doesn't describe someone as being a bad person. It just means that the person is not talkative and not outwardly warm and friendly would took Toccata is mainly used to describe men as being quiet and not friendly. Though it can also be used to describe women. Also in Korea, men from counties handle Qiang Zhuang DO a southeast parts of Korea commonly associated with being took to CUDA, less talkative and not very warm. Though, as mentioned before, it doesn't mean that they're bad people. So to describe someone as being Duke Toccata, We can say chi0 Bannon on Chang Bu took to KR. My dad. So quiet. Tie up banana on Tang Wu took the cowl. And here we can use adverbs to modify how would took to CUDA someone is. Here are a few more example sentences. Means Yunnan. John Wood took the KR, menses and little quiet. Mean xenon. John Wood took the KR. Surgeon would took token plenty air. Susie tends to be quiet. Surgeon would took token Kenya choice, I'm Cheonan would took to Campania. My uncle tends to be quiet. Toys. Hamiltonian would took token Kanye L. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Ahm Chung would took to care. Chai up Bannon on Chung would took to KR, benzene and Joan would took to care. Surgeon would took token plenty. All choices. I'm Jonathan would took two can plenty a fantastic jobs at a great effort. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned that two negative ways of describing people's personality. The first one was satisfied and Matt, which refers to someone being cold and unfriendly. And the other was, we took two CUDA, which means that someone is quiet and not outwardly warm and friendly. In the next lesson, we're going to learn to positive expressions we can use to describe someone's personality. See you sin again, bye-bye. 6. 듬직하다, 참하다: Hello and welcome back. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to describe someone's personality in a positive way. The first is to CUDA, TMJ, CUDA, which generally means that someone is reliable and trustworthy. And the second expression is that Chama dao. And it describes someone as being pretty calm and nice. Let's first begin with Tim, Jake CUDA. Now, we used to Jakarta to talk about someone's personality, being reliable and trustworthy. However, when we use cadaver to talk about someone as being reliable, it's not just based on their actions and words, it's also based on the person's appearance. And quite often when we talk about someone being TIM Jakarta, based on their parents, were referring to someone's appearance, being big, strong, and confident. Which in turn means that we think that the person is reliable and trustworthy for this reason, in general, to inject CUDA is used to describe men's personality rather than a women's personality. Okay, so in terms of using this phrase, if you wanted to say that your older male cousin is reliable and trustworthy, you can say Chinese had channeled Bannon to budget KR. My older cousin is reliable. Chinese had tunneled Bannon Tim GKL. We can also refer to someone's way of talking to be reliable and trustworthy. So we can say mins or none bio to guard him. Jkl means his way of talking is reliable, means anon bio to guide him GKL. And lastly, we can refer to someone's physic as being reliable and trustworthy. John, I'm John and check your gate. Kr. He has strong physic his physic makes him look reliable. Child. I'm Jan and check Yogi, 2m j, k. So we can just say that someone is reliable as in the first sentence. But we can also say that someone's way of talking by two and death physic checkup makes them seem reliable. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences that use to inject CUDA, repeat after me. To JKL. Choice had tunneled Bannon to inject KR, mean xenon, Maya to God, Tim, GK, charge lambda, check your gate to JKL. Great efforts, well done. Let's now look at the second expression. Now, we use tomato to describe someone as being pretty calm and nice. And similar to Jakarta, although we use Chama dao to describe people's personality. It can also refer to their appearance and their actions. So if someone looks and acts calm, gentle, and quiet, pretty, we can describe that person as being tomato. For example, if your friend Susie comes to your house and she looks quite pretty, she's very well behaved and she is quiet and polite around the adults at your house than the adults might say, Suo Jie Nan Chong, my tomato. Susie is so nice. Pseudonyms Chong manage Hamada. Now, although we've translated tomatoes as nice, there really isn't an equivalent word in English for tomatoes. So the key point to note is that tomato relates to someone being pretty calm and nice. And a key point regarding tomato is that we only use Chama dao to describe women's personality. And because of the way we use Chama dao with only women, some people in career fill this word. Tom ADA is a little old-fashioned and sexist. But to this day it still use often to refer to women whose personality and appearance are pretty calm and nice. Okay, so let's take a look at some example sentences using tomato choice. I'm saying the men, Chiang Mai channel AR. My teacher is really nice. Toy Zhan Zheng Neiman Tang MyTime L. Min Jennings hung geogie TAM AR mean G has a nice personality. Min Jin and sunk Yogi Tom, male surgeon and Chama guys hanging Josiah. Susie looks nice. Pseudonyms, chamois gets hanged Josiah. So in the second sentence, we describing binges personality sunk EEOC as being Hamada. And in the third sentence, we referring to Susie's appearance as being Chama. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these sentences that use that repeat after me. Tongue marriage, Hamada, sooty named Tom my toys on Zegna image on my time a L min Janine is hung Kochi Tamil, pseudonym and Josiah. Excellent job, well done. Ok, so today we learned that two useful expressions we can use to describe someone's personality and appearance. And they were 2G CUDA, which we use to describe someone as being reliable and trustworthy. And it's mainly used to describe men's personality. And the other was Chama dao, which means to be pretty calm and nice. And it's only used to describe women's personality. In the next lesson, we're going to look at two other expressions we can use to describe people's personality in a positive way. I'll see you soon in that lesson. Bye-bye. 7. 싹싹하다, 상냥하다: Hi everyone and welcome to another lesson. In this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to describe people in a positive manner. Now, today's two expressions are quite similar in meaning. They both refer to someone who is courteous and well-mannered. And they are sac, sac CUDA, sac, sac CUDA and sang Yang Huldah, sangha die. Now, although these two expressions are similar in meaning, there is a subtle difference in the new ones. Let's first consider sac, sac cauda. If someone is described as being sac, sac CUDA, it means that they are well-mannered and a courteous, as well as being friendly and kind, especially to those who were older than them or above them in the hierarchy. For example, if you have older guest in your house, such as your uncles and aunts or your parents, friends. And your older brother, Min Zu always greets them first. Ask them if they want to drink. And it's generally very proactive in being polite and making sure that they're taken care of. Then we can say Min Zu None. I'm Chang Sachs. Ikr. Min Zu is very courteous, means in the long chunks XOR k, l. And you can also add to whom Min Zu is Sachs RKO. So we can say bins sooner than Auden that antenna on Tang Sachs IKR been z2 is very courteous to adults benzene and adn that I'm on Tang Sachs archaeal. So we use a sac, sac CUDA to describe someone being courteous, well-mannered, and friendly, especially to those who are older, that new. Here are two more examples sentences. Set own, Cheonan, Tang, Maya Sachs, Ikea. The new employee is really courteous. Settlements Uganda and told my socks are KO surgeon Auden that n-th Hong mysock socket. Susie is really courteous to adults. Suggestion adn the vantage home mysock socket. Okay, so with that in mind, let's now do a speaking practice of these sentences. Repeat after me. Amen Zhang Sachs, IKR, medicine and on tongue Sachs Ikea. Set own Xi Guan and Tomasa KR means on and Auden that I'm on Chang'e Sachs, RKO, surgeon adn that I'm Ted Chalmers, xa KL. Great job, well-done. Let's now consider the second expression in today's lesson and that's sang Yang Huldah. Sangha, as mentioned before, is similar in meaning to sac, sac CUDA. So it also describes someone as being courteous, well-mannered, and kind. But one slight difference is that sang yada is used to refer to someone who is more gentle and mild. And this mild-mannered personality may be in the way they speak or in the way they act towards others. So if someone is courteous, kind, and friendly, but in a mild-mannered way that we can describe that person as sang Yang Haida in generals had an yang ada is used more often to describe women than men. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Target Chugani Chalmers, hanging AR. The shop staff is really friendly. Targets Uganda, each Homer's hanging AR, candles, how God's Hong minus Heng Yang AL. The nurse is really friendly. Candles, I god Tong minus hanging ALL charlie on linen patterns that I'm, that I'm tears. Heng Yang AL my older sister is friendly to others. Chai El Nino talons had undergone test hung young L, Charlie O'Bannon quasar to noodle and tears. Hang Yang AL my older brother is friendly to his co-workers. Tell you abundant quasar Toyoda than tears Han Yang AL. So in each sentence we use sang Yang to describe people as being friendly. But as mentioned before, sang Aida has a broader meaning. And it means that the person is friendly, courteous, and kind, as well as being mild bandit, which is what differentiates us Heng Yang from sac, sac CUDA. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences that use sang Aida. Repeat after me. Tom Meyers, Heng Yang ALL target Xi Guan Yi Chong minus Heng Yang ALL candles I got almost hang ALL chai or Nina and patterns that I'm Dan, tears hanging ALL chai or Bannon quasar to murder and tears. Heng Yang, ALL excellent job today, well-done. Ok, so today we learned that two expressions we can use to describe someone as being friendly, kind, courteous, and well-mannered. And they are sac, sac CUDA and sang Haida. But a key difference between these two worlds is that sang Aida refers to someone who is more mild-mannered. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to describe people as being skillful and competent. See you then, bye-bye. 8. 야무지다, 똑 부러지다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn two words which we use to describe people as being skilled and competent. The first word is Yamashita, yam Fujita. And this means that someone is skillful and competent in completing a task. The second expression is doped put Archie that Dakpo Tashi da and Dakpo Tashi die means that someone's words or actions are very clear and firm. Let's first take a look at YAML G there. When we describe someone as being yam Wuji, that it means that that person that completes things without making mistakes and using their own initiative. For example, if your daughter packs up back for her first day of school and even though it's a first-time packing your bag for school, she packs everything by yourself in an organized way. Then you can say, read that in Yangzhou Jaya, my daughter is very skilled and competent. Who did that in YAML j, l. So we use Yammer to describe someone as being very competent completing something successfully by themselves. One thing to know regarding the use of Yammer g, That is, that is generally used to talk about those below us in the hierarchy. So we can describe those who are younger than us or those in more junior position that as at work, we don't use Yammer to describe those who are older or those in position of seniority. Let's take a look at some example sentences using YAML g. That means Yunnan YAML Jaya Min Zu is competent. Bins are than YAML Jaya, manana and Yam Wuji Gate hemolysis. Mina Paxos things well, manana and Yam Wuji Gate she Melissa, CYA, surgeon, yam Wuji, Ponyo Chang Ni SIR. Susie tidied up her room well, pseudonym, yeah, Muji gay Ponary town near psi l. So in the last two sentences, we changed the YAML Judah to its adverb form, YAML GA to describe a someone's actions. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences that use Yamashita. Repeat after me. Read that in Yangzhou Jaya been Susan Yom Wuji, Wuji Gate shimmery, Saskia, Suchi Nan Yang Wuji Garr Pangu, Tony, SIR. Excellent job, well-done. Let's now take a look at our second expression. Don't put RG dye, doped, put aji, that is made up of two separate words, dope and put RG dot doc is an adverb that has many meanings. One of them is to mean that precisely without any false. And the verb put RG, That means to do or say something with certainty and accuracy. And in natural speech is often pronounced with a sang Bishop. Neurology that put Archie data. So if you describe someone as top put IoT data, it means that that person's actions and words are always clear and firm. It's never ambiguous or confusing. For example, in Korea, because of its hierarchical society, most children find it difficult to speak their mind to adults. But if a young child called Min Zu words clearly tell his mom as to why he doesn't want to continue his piano lessons. And provide clear reasons than we were say, bins and learn. Dot put our Josiah. Min Zu speaks well. Benzene and d2x dada, sayo. And similar to many natural Korean expressions, is not easy to find an equivalent English word. But this sentence can mean Min Zu speaks well. To give you another example, if you have a new coworker who is able to organize the lunch, shouting for the team, and communicates everything clearly to the team members. Then we can say settle in Cheonan either dock put RG gay hail, the new employee works well, said ONE Cheonan either adopt put RGBA Hale. So again, we change dog, put RG dad to his adverb form. Don't put logic to describe how the new employee works. And we can refer to someone's words as well as the actions as being dock put RG. Then. One other point to note with Doc Buddha that is that similar to YAML G that we only use Dakpo Tashi data to describe those below us in the hierarchy. Okay, so let's take a look at some example sentences using Dakpo dodgy data. Manana and Dakpo Dada CYA, mena is very good. Mena is very clear. Shinzen and battery dock put Archie ahead. Shinzo speaks clearly and firmly. Shinzen and battery dock Portugal. Again, it's not always easy to translate into English, but it refers to someone's words or actions being clear and firm. Let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using Dakpo tragedy. Repeat after me. Doc Buddhas or CYA, minus1 and top porridge, SIR. Banana and talk put our Josiah settlements Ugandan, either Dakpo, dacha, hair, Shinzen and matter Doc put Artesia has great efforts at a well-done. Ok, so today we learned that two expressions which we can use to talk about someone being able to do something successfully and someone's words and actions being clear and firm. And these expressions were YAML, Jeddah, and talk put RG data. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two words that describe people as being courageous and also as being discouraged. See you sin again, bye-bye. 9. 씩씩하다, 기죽다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two expressions that I have contrastive meaning. The first expression is 66 CUDA, and this means to be strong, positive, and energetic. And the second expression is key to that. And we use this to describe people being discouraged and being disheartened. Let's start with the first part. 66 is an adverb that means breathing heavily. So the verb, that means to panned and to gasp. However, when we say 6C CUDA, it means that a person's actions and attitudes are strong and energetic. Its antonym could be feeble. Now to illustrate how we can use this adjective, imagine that a friend of school has been going through some tough times in his life. His father has been unwell. He recently broke up with his long-term girlfriend and he hasn't been doing well at school. But despite going through a difficult period in his life, his positive, upbeat and walks around with his head held high. So to describe this friend's positive and energetic attitude, we can say mins Yunnan 6C KR. When x2 is positive, means xw is upbeat, means 60 K L. So we can use 6C CUDA to describe someone's attitude as being strong and positive. But we can also use 6C CUDA to describe someone's actions being strong. So if your friend Bina goes about her life as energetic as ever despite going through some health issues. We can say banana in Chiang Mai. Mena is really energetic. Mena is really strong. Melanin Chong mesh. And we can use various adverbs like Chong manner to further modify 6C CUDA. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Pseudonym 60 KR. Susie is positive, surgeon and 60 KL Shinzen and ami kal Shinzo is very energetic. Shinzen on Chang'e 6C kal means sudden Bayeux six-year KR. Min Zu is very energetic, means anon bail shakes you k. Now, don't be confused by how on Chung and bail are used to mean very as in Korea, there are actually a lot of different expressions we can use to mean that vary in English. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Means 60 KL, surgeon and banana and Tang. Xianzu, none. Minus1 and Mayo Shiksha. That was excellent, well-done. Let's now take a look at the second expression in this lesson. Key Japan. This expression is made up of two words. The first part is key, and key means spirits. And so, and the second part is the verb. And this means to die. So the combined form Qi Jiu, kinda means for your soul and spirit to die. And we use this verb to describe a situation where some kind of an external factor makes you less confident, makes you disheartened. For example, imagine that been X2 is the best tennis player at his tennis club. So when he enters a regional tournament, he's quite confident of doing well. However, when he gets to the tournament, he cannot believe the standard of other players. And all of a sudden his lost all that confidence he had. So his coach says minus1 n key Joe Garcia means who has lost his confidence, means xw is discouraged, means anon key Joe Garcia. So key job that is used to talk about someone losing confidence and becoming disheartened. However, we can also say that someone isn't discouraged. So even though mins are realizes that the standard of tennis is very high, he has such self-belief that he's still confident of his chances. In such case, we can say insulin key job J and SIR, Minnesota isn't discouraged, mean xenon, qij, jhanas ir. So as you can see in this example, we can use key joke that in its negative form to talk about not being discouraged. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Surgeon Enkidu Garcia. Susie has lost her confidence. Surgeon Enkidu Garcia, banana and key Josiah. Mina has lost her confidence. Mean and Enkidu Garcia, pseudonym key joke Jana saw. Susie isn't discouraged. Surgeon Enkidu Jana CYA. Mean and Enkidu Jana CYA. Mina isn't discouraged. Manana and key joke Jana CYA. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns using key job that repeat after me. Medicine, Enkidu Garcia, surgeon Enkidu Garcia. B9. Been listening. Qij Jana CYA, pseudonym QC jhanas, B9 and QC jhanas. Fantastic efforts at a well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to use 6C cadavers to talk about someone being strong, positive, and energetic. And to use Qi Jue Dan to talk about someone becoming less confident and being discouraged. In the next lesson, we will learn to common expressions we can use to describe people's characteristics negatively in Korean. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 10. 버릇없다, 뻔뻔하다: Hi everyone and welcome to the last lesson on expressions related to people's personality. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two expressions that describe people negatively. The first expression is powdered up that part, adopt that. And we use this expression to say that someone is rude and shows lack of manners, particularly when dealing with people with seniority. The second expression is bump, bump, bump on Huldah. And this has a similar meaning to be shameless in English. And we use it to say that someone is calm and confident in doing something despite having done something embarrassing. Let's begin with the first expression partnered up that. Now in this word, powdered up that part, it means a habit. And that is a verb that means to not have. So the literal meaning of this phrase is to not have a habit. And we use this phrase to talk about someone's actions or attitude being ill-mannered when dealing with those who are in a more senior position. So in a way, it kind of means that they don't have the habit of behaving appropriately. Now, as you may know already, it's really important that you behave and speak appropriately with people who are older than you in Korea. So if you don't behave or speak in an unexpected way, people will say that you are plotted up there, put it up there. And in terms of pronunciation, the shield patch him in the second syllable carries over as a ticket sound. So this is not pronounced powders of that, but powdered up that, powdered up there. Now to give you further examples of how this verb is used in Korea, when you're at the dinner table before eating your dinner, you have to wait for your elders to start first. So if someone you know, let's say Min Soo were to start his meal before the elders. People might say mere consonant into polytopes are Min, Zu is so rude. Minus1 and chimps are polytopes are. One other point to note regarding how this verb is used. We can use pot, adopt that as one word, but we can also use it as separate words and say pod OCI up there. Now, to give you another example of how this verb is used, if a child were to act in a rude way to older people, the mother might say, potted up gang, don't, don't act rude, don't be rude. Polytope can handle algebra. So we can use pot adopt that in his adverb form, polytope gay to say, Don't do something in a rude way. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Benin on Chang polytopes are B9 is very rude, meaner than on Chang polytopes are Shinzen and Joan polydipsia. Shinjuku is a little rude. Shinzen and John polytopes are part adopt GABAergic. Don't speak rudely. Don't be rude. Polytope, GABAergic, potted up gay crew Jima. Don't treat someone rudely. Don't be rude. Part adopt gecko GBR. Now the verbal clue that in the last sentence also means to act similar to handle that. But the difference between hanged Dong Haida include that. Is that handle how that refers to someone acting in a general sense. While clue that refers to somewhat acting towards someone or treating someone in a certain way. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using potted up that repeat after me. Ms. consonant into polytopes are bananas on Chong polytopes are Shinzen and John polytopes are paul adopt Guangdong Arkema, powdered up GABAergic, hot adopt J.Crew, GBR. Excellent efforts while we're done. Let's take a look at the second expression. Bump on ADA. Bump on ADA is very similar in meaning to the English word shameless. The first part of this word, bump bun, is the root word that means shameless. And we can use it with had to say to be shameless. Another word that has a similar meaning is bonbons setup that both of these words are used in a similar way. And to illustrate how this word is used, let's say that a manager at work recently had an affair with a colleague who was married to someone else in the same office. And the affair led to the breakup of their marriage. After the affair became known to everyone else at work, the manager still walks into the office with his head held high as if nothing had happened. In this situation, some people might say, Takahashi honeymoon, kinda bump on ADA. That managers really shameless. Chuck croissant, human chimp, just bump on ADA. So if someone behaves confidently despite doing something embarrassing that we can use, bump, bump, bump, bump on ADA doesn't have to be used to describe such serious situations is actually commonly used in everyday situations. So let's say that I promised my wife that I would be home early after a night out. However, I get home very late. And despite upsetting my wife, I asked her if she could make me breakfast. In this situation, my wife might say to me what Dr. Carroll kept bump on a how could you be so shameless? Or doc Ecuador kept bump on air. So despite doing something embarrassing, because I acted as if I had done nothing wrong, my wife might say this phrase. And the key point to note is that although the same English phrase might not be so commonly used in everyday situations, bump on ADA is much more commonly used in everyday situations in Korea. Let's take a look at few more example sentences of this first pattern. Woody O'Bannon, normal bump on there. My older brothers, so shameless. Julio, panel bump on their Min-Jun and arm chunk bump on their minuss. So shameless, minus1 and OEM chunk bump on air. And again we use different adverbs, normal and I'm Chang, but both of these can mean. So in these sentences, let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using pum, pum pada. Pum pada, woody, open-end Domo bump, bump, bump, bump, bump, bump on a or Tokyo kept bomb Bonner. Excellent job today, well-done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to describe people as being ill-mannered to people with seniority using powdered up that enter describe people as being shameless using the verb bump on Hadar. Now that's it for this section on learning natural Korean expressions to talk about people's personality and characteristics. And from the next lesson, we will learn useful expressions related to the topic of age. See you then, bye-bye. 11. 나이를 먹다: Hi everyone. Over the next three lessons, we're going to learn useful expressions related to talking about age. And the first expression in this lesson is neither, neither a MAC that dietary block that means to get out. But elements of this expression can be used in different ways. So we'll focus on this one expression in this lesson and look at different ways of using it. In neither bought. Di Yi means age, and that is a verb that means to eat. And in Korean, when we talk informally about someone becoming older, we can say neither mock data. For example, let's say that after being away from home for five years, you finally visit your home country. You meet your nephews and nieces and nephews whom you haven't seen for a long time, is 16 and is as tall as you you remember him as a young kid, but your brother tells you that he is 16. So to show you a surprise at how old your nephew is, you can say bins Luca Di By anymore gotta, Min Zu is really old. Bins is all grown up. Bins Luka di anymore gotta. And the nuance of the sentence is that I remember Menes who as a kid, but now he's all grown up. He's a lot older than I remember him to be. And we can say die with the object particle Lille. But in everyday speech, emitting object particles is very common. To give you another example of using this expression, let's imagine that you reach your forties every day. You look in the mirror and notice small changes to your face. And you can't help but miss your twenties. You dread getting old and over coffee. You tell your sister, nine among them, good though, MISTRA, I really hate getting old. Diamond meant good or Missouri. So in this sentence, we changed the verb Dy bar to get out to its gerund form, the I-N-G form, by among them God, getting out and cut and the particle E is often contracted to care in speech. Okay, so let's take a look at some example sentences using dietary, Akbar, Suchi God I bind him over. Susie is really old. Susie's all grown up. Suchi guy anymore, gotta mean aka die anymore. Gotta, mena is really owed. Vienna's all grown up being a guy by name of Dannon diamond and good amu Turiel. Wow, I'm so scared of getting old. Dannon diamond meant good or Moureau. Dannon diamond and get on with jazzing man. I'm so annoyed of getting old diamond diamond and get on with charging that. Ok, so let's now do a speaking practice of these sentences using the idle bokeh. Repeat after me. Means Luca Di Suchi guy by name of a diamond, diamond. Diamond, diamond. Diamond. Excellent job, well done. Now in general, we use this expression that neither bought that about ourselves or those who are younger than us. But if we want to use this expression in relation to someone who's older than we have to change the verb, bought that to his honorific form to that. So if you wanted to say that you aren't, doesn't look old, as in your aunt looks quite young. You can say e moanin Diderot, Luigi aniyo. My aren't, doesn't look out. My arm, looks quite young. Imminent Diderot Luigi an-ion. So in this sentence, naive, poor IDA means to look old. And this is the honorific form of naive Margo boy. And we use the negative form, knighted opportunity and to say that our aren't, doesn't look old. And since we're talking about my aren't, it wouldn't be appropriate to use the standard form naive or Gabo IDA. So we use Nye. Oh boy. Here are few more example sentences. Something Neiman guided, RBG, NIR. The teacher doesn't look old. Son saying Neiman guided or Boise and ir, some Cheonan, neither Boise and IR. My own code doesn't look old. Sam Cheonan died. Oh boy. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of this sentence pattern that uses di e to the a boy that repeat after me. Die. Did RBG NIR imminent? Did WAG an IR son Zheng Neiman, neither o Boise and ir. Some children died in OAG and IR. That was excellent, well-done. Now the final aspects of neither Bach that we're going to look at is the use of the verb, mock that with announce Hadar, which means age. Satire is a noun that means eight. So to say I'm 30 years old. I can say Cheonan, Saddam's idea. I'm 30 years old. Now. We don't use a mock that to say how old someone is. But we can use higher with a verb mock data to say how much older Someone is. For example, let's say that you introduce your cousin to a university who bear and Yahoo. Bear is a year older than your cousin. And since it's important for Korean people to know each other's age when they first meet. You tell you who bear the AGA hands are Tomonaga. Sir. You are a year older. Nova hand-side homologous are. So Haenszel, Tomonaga Assad means a year older than someone else. Let's take a look at two more examples sentences. Chin sukha, two-sided Tomonaga saw. Chin X2 is two years older. Since forgot to cite homologous. Means UGA has asserted homozygous, means x2 is five years older. Bins UGA has assigned homographs, saw. So usings hired or bought that we can talk about how someone is older than another person. Let's now do a speaking practice of this sentence pattern. Repeat after me. Daga, hands higher. Tomonaga saw. Chin sukha. Two-sided homographs means Ugarit, Hasso, say Tormach, ASA. Excellent job, well-done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to talk about getting old, using neither Bach that we learn to change, mocked out with to that, to talk about those older than us getting old. And then we learned to use Harriet Auerbach that to say how one person is older than another person. In the next lesson, we're going to continue the theme of age and learn useful expressions to talk about people's maturity. See you then, bye-bye. 12. 철들다, 철없다, 나잇값: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn three expressions we can use to talk about people's maturity. Any maturity. The first expression is child, that child Hilda. And this means to be mature. And the second is chop up that chart up there. And this means to be mature. And the last expression is NIH cap, NIH gap. And this means to behave, think, and talk in a way that is appropriate to one's age. Let's begin with the first expression, child to that. Now, there is another common word that means to be mature and that's sung So CUDA. And compared to songs of CUDA child too, that is more informal. Children that is made up of two parts. The first part, child is a noun, and it refers to the ability of being able to identify what is right and wrong. The second part is the verb tilda. And two that can have many different meanings. And one of those is to have something inside. So this expression, child two, that means to have the ability to know what is right and wrong, to be mature. So if you had a teenage daughter who decided not to go with our friends to the beach and study for her exams because she thought the exams were more important than you can say, lead that a child it on there. My daughters all grown up. My daughter's mature. Read that a child that on there. However, if your daughter were to join her friends at the beach when clearly she needs to prepare for exams. Then you could say read daddy adjective, charter, and didn't know where my daughter still hasn't matured, literally adjunct to challenge that on there. So you can form the phrase child to that into a negative form by adding an meaning not between the child and to that, to say to be not mature. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Surgical, children on their Susie is all grown up. So giga chosen on there been sukha children on their ministers all grown up, means Ugarit children on their Suchi guy adjective chart, and then on their Susie still hasn't matured. So giga, adjective children did on there. Means UGA adjective means still hasn't matured, means of adjunct to challenge that on there. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences that use that repeat after me. Worried that a child did on their CGI guy told it means OK, I told it on their retiree adjunct to turn that on there. Surgical adjunct to Turandot on there means Sugata due to Turandot on their great job, well-done. Now the second expression is chime up data, and this means to be mature. There is another Korean word for to be immature, and that's UTI had that. However, you Chadha is used more broadly. So it can be used to describe a movie as being childish or someone's actions being immature. But shut up, that is only used to talk about people's actions, words, and thoughts as being immature. It's not used to describe movies or other general items as being immature or childish. As mentioned before, a child is a noun that means the ability to know what's right and wrong. So when we use the verb, which means to not have, it means to not have the ability to know what's right and wrong, to be immature. To illustrate how this expression is used, let's say that your younger brother wanted to delay his wedding so that he could go to the World Cup this year, which would cost him a lot of money. After hearing your brother say this to you, you might say to him, chum, the Maya had Hema. Don't say those immature words. I'm the Mahasi MA. So we changed up to its adjective former chart on them and modify the noun barrier, and this becomes immature words. Here are a few more examples sentences. Tomlin, sangha cultivar. Don't think those immature thoughts challenged and sangha cultivar Tomlin hanged on Haji bar. Don't act immature Salam than Handel had GBR. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using the adjective of chart up there. Totem then repeat after me. Chum the Maya Haji bar chart, Tomlin sangha, KGB, Cheonan and handle isobar. Great job, well-done. So the final expression we're going to look at is by gap. Now the first parts of this word comes from the noun naive, which means age. And the second part, cap means value or worth. And we use this expression to talk about someone acting, talking, and thinking in a way that is appropriate to their age. Now in terms of pronunciation, the shield in the second syllable can just be ignored. And the key up in the final syllable is pronounced as Assange. Yeah, OK. So this is pronounced nightcap, die, gap. And to illustrate how this phrase is used, let us say that you have an uncle who's 50 called Min Zu. He is known in the family as being a little wild. And one day at a family gathering, he turns up with long curly hair and is wearing very casual clothes. Most of the family is okay with it, but your grandmother is super conservative and she clearly disapproves. So she tells her other son bins Yunnan adjective diet capsule rotunda means it still doesn't act. His age means in an adjectival digoxin Rotunda. So to talk about whether someone does or doesn't act there age, we can use the verb Huldah or both data with a noun nightcap. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Pseudonym, magic door di, capsid rotunda. Suzy still doesn't act her age. Surgeon and magic to diet collapsible Tonga. Read that an adjective, di, capsular. Bhutan does. My daughter still doesn't accelerate. Read that an attic tonight. Capsule rotunda. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of this sentence pattern. Repeat after me. Bins in an addict or die capsule rotunda. Surgeon, an adjunct. Today's capsule will tender. Read that and high-tech tonight capsule will tundra. Fantastic efforts at a well-done. Ok. So today we learned various expressions we can use to talk about people being mature, immature, and acting or not acting their age. And their expressions were told to shut up and nightcap. The next lesson is our last lesson on the theme of aid. And we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about not acting appropriately to an older person. See you then, bye-bye. 13. 대들다, 맞먹다: Hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions which we can use to talk about talking and behaving in appropriately to people with seniority. The first expression is paired that header that. And this is a verb that means to oppose someone higher up in the hierarchy. And the second expression is manmade. Manmade. And this verb is used to say that someone or something is equal to something else. Let's first begin with tethered that. Now, because of the hierarchical nature of the Korean society, is important for people to speak and behave accordingly when dealing with those in a more senior position, such as elderly family members and those in a more senior position at work. And in general, if you're in a more junior position, most of the time you have to obey what the other person says. And at workplace, it's very difficult to say something that goes against those above us in the hierarchy. So in Korea, it's very common for your supervisors to give you direct and explicit instructions that you have to follow. And Heather, that is a verb that we used to say that someone disobeys or rebels strongly against someone in a higher position in the hierarchy. For example, let's say that there is a very naughty son called Min Zu. He always plays online games and rarely does any homework. So the father removes a computer at home and tells him to do his homework. However, Min Zu angrily talks back to his father. And when the mother hears this exchange, she tells Min Zu means via apogee and Ted heterogen Ma Min Zu. Don't talk back to your father. Don't oppose your father. Hubble, Ajanta tetralogy bar. So because Min Zu Wen, against the father's authority, who is more senior figure in the family hierarchy, we use the verb tethered to describe his actions. And although we've translated tether that as top back, tethered i refers to both words and actions of Min Zu. Now to give you another example, let's say that a young boy is playing football in a park near a group of elderly men. And one of the elderly men tells the boy to play somewhere else. But the young boy talks back to the elderly man. So the mother comes to the boy and says, Ordinance, Ted Hejinian and dare, you mustn't talk back to adults. Order nand2tetris there. So in this sentence, the mother tells the young kid that you shouldn't tell her that to those in a position of seniority using Bian under which we use to talk about what someone is not allowed to do. So it's similar to should not and must not in English. Here are few more example sentences. Sushi, yeah, something he mentored heavy-duty bar. Don't oppose your teacher, Susie Sudan. Something demanded heterogenous. Ciencia do non-technology bar. Don't oppose your older sister, Shinzo. Ciencia. Do not anti-technology bar high ammonia and Ted headroom and dare, you mustn't talk back to your grandmother. High ammonia and data-driven and ammonia and Ted Hadrian and you mustn't talk back to your mother. Ammonia and tetrahedron Menander. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns that used heterodox. Repeat after me. Beans via apple jam. Ted heterogenous. Suchi. Something imitated energy by non tetrahedral order. Nand2tetris, high ammonia entertainment and ammonia entertainment and great job, well-done. Now the second expression in this lesson is manmade. Manmade. Matt means facing or opposite, and we can use it with a verb of Bach that to talk about some kind of measurement, such as time and distance being equal. But we can also use it, talk about people's level or position being equal. And in terms of pronunciation that tiered batch him in the first syllable is pronounced as a mixture of Nin and beer. So it's manmade. Manmade. Now to illustrate how we use this verb, let's say that there are two brothers and the older brother is three years older. In the past, the older brother was much taller, but the younger brother is now 16. And the two brothers are now very similar in height. So to describe the height being similar, we can say non air Keegan EJ by magnum gonna, you guys are about the same height now. Donna Kigali, GBA mongoose. So we can use my mock data to talk about certain measurements being similar. But we can also use Bamaga to talk about someone in a more junior position trying to be of equal level to someone of seniority, even though this is clearly not something you should do. For example, going back to the earlier example of two brothers being the same height. If the younger brother, who is now as tall as the older brother, tries to talk to his older brother, like he was talking to his friend. The mother might say chin, so yeah, hang around. Memorial go hace ma Shinzo, don't try to be equal to your older brother. Cynthia hung around Memorial go Hattie bar. Now, this sentence in English sounds a little bit strange, but in Korean, This kind of sentence is not unusual in this situation. Okay, so let's take a look at some example sentences down a tongue Chicka, each mammogram gonna, you guys are about the same size, nonatomic among them gonna donate Bamaga guy J by Manion gonna, you guys are about the same weight. You guys weigh about the same. Non air Bamaga guy J by Mongoose. Suchi on neuron mammography ago hace ma, suzy, don't try to be equal to your older sister. Cgiar on neuron memorial go Hezbollah, benzine, Do not Dang mammogram, Yoko hace Ma Min Zu. Don't try to be equal to your older sister. Bins. Do not have my mobile Yoko Hezbollah. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Ej by Mongo Madonna. Non a key guy is among nagana. Nonatomic. Among them gonna donate. Among them lunar colony down by mobile Yoko fatty bad. Sushi on the Dongba mobile Jaco fatty bar means you do not earn by mobile Yoko. Excellent efforts today at well, we're okay. So in this lesson, we learned to talk about someone disobeying an opposing someone in a more senior position using header data. And to talk about some measurement being similar. And someone in a lower position trying to be of equal level with someone in a higher position in the hierarchy using my mock that. Now that's it for this unit on the theme of age. And in the next unit, we're going to start looking at some useful expressions related to the topic of relationships. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 14. 잘 맞다, 안 맞다, 눈 맞다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn various expressions related to the topic of relationships. And in this lesson, we'll take a look at expressions we use to talk about people being a good and bad fit to each other. Now, all the expressions in this lesson used a verb but that, but that, but that is one of those really common verbs in Korean and has many different uses. And one of the common uses of that is to fit or to suit something. So to say that some item of clothing suits me, we can say E, o, Xi, Dan, Ted Timon and data. This item of clothing suits me. However, as well as close fitting someone well. We can also use this verb to talk about people being a good fit or bad fit to each other. So to talk about people being a good fit, we can say that, Chairman. And to say that people don't sue each other, we can say, I'm mad. And Mata. And lastly to talk about people falling in love, we can say Duma. Duma. Let's begin with Chairman. In this word, Channel is an adverb that means well, and as mentioned before, is a verb that means to fit or to suit something. So we use this phrase to Parramatta to say that people are a good fit for each other. So if a boy and a girl meet for the first time and they get on really well, and it's clear that there is good chemistry between them. Then we can say ten nm Telemann and got gotta, I think they sue each other. Well, I think they're good for each other. Ten NN, chairman and Kolkata. So here we use Parramatta to say that they're a good fit for each other because there is good chemistry between them. And we use it with the god Qatar, which means, I think here are few more example sentences. Wooden, chairman, and go gotta. I think we're good for each other. When Timon and Kolkata means harangue pseudogene and Chairman and Kolkata, I think Min Zu and Susie out good for each other. Means ranks Leginon, Timon and Kolkata, chins harangue, banana and Chairman and got gotta, I think Shinjuku and meaner are good for each other. Chimps, Sudan, manana and Chairman, and Jakarta. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Cata. Cata. Cata mean Sudan pseudonym. Cata. Cata. That was great, well-done. Now, to say that to people who don't get on well, we add an in front of the verb to say unmet that, which means to not be a good fit. So if you have a new manager at work and write from his first day, you have a bit of a running with him. And it just looks like the two view might not get on. So after work, you tell your partner now and then set on quadrangle timid and our Mandan Gaga. The new managers, not a good fit for me. I don't get on with the new manager, nun's head on a Monday and Gaga. So we can say a mad dash to say that two people aren't a good fit, that there is something that's making the relationship difficult. And the two people who just aren't able to get on. But we can also say tire and Madonna to say, aren't such a good fit or don't get on well. Here are two more examples sentences. Set on Xi, Guan De Dan, Amanda and Gaga. I don't get on with a new employee. Salon Xi Guan De Dang, Amanda and Gaga set on hexane Padang, Amanda and Calcutta. I don't get on with a new student. Settle in hexane Yang, I'm Mandan Kolkata. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. I gotta set on a Monday and got gotta set on Xi Guan De Dan, a mandolin got gotta set on the heck saying it on a mandolin got data. Excellent efforts, well-done. Now the final expression in this lesson is doMath. And this is a verb that means to fall in love. But that, as mentioned before, has many different meanings. And one of them is for something to hit another thing. So when we say doesn't matter or new NEMA, that we're kind of saying that two people's eyes met and they fell in love with each other. To illustrate how this expression is used, let's imagine that during a work nights out, t, x2 and x2 got on really well. Everyone can see that they have fallen for each other. So the next day at work, you tell another colleague, or j min Sugata caesura Andromeda saw Min Zu and teaser fell for each other yesterday. Or j means Ugarit, Sudan, do Madison. So to talk about falling for someone, falling in love with someone, we can use pneumatic. Let's take a look at two more examples. Sentences. Or jh in Sugata, Maja saw Shinzo And Bina fell for each other yesterday. Audit in sukha been around do Maja saw or jejudoga means 1000 mega saw. Tina and mentor felt for each other yesterday. All jejudoga been ten undo Maja saw. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences using doMath. Repeat after me. All j means Ugarit, she Sudan do madrasa. Albeit chin Sagar be not do madrasa. All jejudoga been telling do Maja saw fantastic job today, well done. Ok, so today we learned various expressions we can use to talk about people being a good fit for each other using time Matt that not a good fit for each other using a Mata. And we learned, talk about people falling in love using doMath. In the next lesson, we will learn useful expressions we can use to talk about people being close friends. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 15. 친하다, 절친하다, 친근하다: Hi everyone. So in this lesson we're going to learn three expressions we can use to talk about our close relationships. The first expression is Chin ADA. Ada, and it means to be close to someone. And the second expression is Cho tin at that church in ADA. And this verb means to be very close to someone. We usually use this verb to refer to our best friends. The final expression we will look at is Qingwen Hadza, Qingwen ADA. And we use this verb to refer to something or someone that feels familiar. Let's begin with China. Now, chin ADA simply means to be close to someone. And we can also use this as an adjective, Cheonan, meaning close, to talk about close friends. Cheonan Shingo. However, to talk about close friends, We can also say cut gown, Shingo. And cut gown comes from the verb packed up, which means to be close, to be near. And in essence, the two words, Cheonan and cut gown have very similar meaning. But she nada suggests a stronger bond between two people. And the syllable chin itself, which is used in the words China. And single, comes from the same Chinese character and it means intimate. So Chin ADA implies a closer relationship you have with someone than cut gown. So to talk about friends, we are close to, to say that Min Soo is a close friend. We can say bins and then Cheonan Shingo. Been X2 is a close friend. Mezzanine financing where? So in this sentence we use the adjective Cheonan in front of the noun Shingo. But we can also use China as a verb and say, Cheonan been Sudan, Chechnya. I'm close to Min Zu, Cheonan bins around Geneva. So we use China as a verb to say who we are close to. Additionally, we can also use chin, a cheetah to talk about becoming close to someone. So to say that Min Zu and I have got some clothes. I can say Cheonan bins around teenage Josiah. I became close to Min Zu. Cheonan means around China Josiah. So this sentence means that Min Zu and I knew each other before, but something happened and we are now close friends. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Banana and Cheonan Shingo. Mena is a close friend. Banana and Cheonan Kingwell. Cheonan banana and Chanel. I'm close to Bina Cheonan banana and Geneva. Cheonan meaner, antenatal Kinshasa. I became close to meaner. Cheonan minute IN teenager CYA. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns that use various forms of Chin ADA. Repeat after me. Mezzanine, financing, guava, banana and Cheonan, Qingwen, Cheonan been Sudan Chanel, Cheonan banana and Chechnya. Cheonan min, Sudan Chanel Josiah, Cheonan banana and Jeanette josiah. That was great, well-done. Now, the second expression for this lesson is told Shin ADA, which means to be very close. So Tosin ADA in essence, expresses a stronger degree of closeness than chin ADA and is often used to refer to best friends. Now, although this is a descriptive verb, and we can use it as a verb, is actually quite rare for this word to be used in everyday situation as a verb. And more often than not, the first part, Tolkien is used as a separate noun to refer to best friends. So if you want to say that x2 is your best friend, you can say means on n chairs Hallucigenia. Min Zu is my best friend, means on and change how it shinier. So we often use Chechen as a separate nouns to refer to best friends. Here are more examples sentences. Shinzen, Intel tachypnea. Shinzo is my best friend. Shinzen and JH Whoa tinea, pseudonym Virginia. Susie is my best friend. Surgeon and chelates homogeneous. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Means on n, j tachypnea, Shinzen, and heterogeneity. Pseudonym judge, how Chineasy, excellent job, well-done. The final expression in this lesson is Qingwen a_dagger. We use Qingwen at that talk about people and objects that feel familiar. However, Kingdon ADA isn't just about feeling familiar, is also about having that feeling of closeness to someone or something. Even though you've only known that person or thing for a short time. For example, let's say you have a new teacher or school. You've only had him for one lesson. Bodies really friendly. And the way he conducts his lesson, he feels familiar. And you already feel like you've known him for a long time. So when you go home, you tell your parents, set on something they meet fingernail. The new teacher is friendly, the new teacher is familiar. Set on something they may Qingwen area. So using synchronous data, you can say that the teacher feels familiar, even though you've only known him for a short time. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Set own cinguga, Qingwen AR, the new friend is familiar. Set own shingle guard, fingernail, set ownership Tang each fingernail. The new restaurant is familiar. Set ownership tiny fingernail. So as you can see in the last example, we can also refer to places such as restaurants or any objects as being single and ADA. Let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Set on something they meet fingernail set own shingle guard, fingernail set, ownership, tiny fingernail. Fantastic efforts, well-done. Ok. So today we learned to talk about those where close to using chin ADA, our best friends, using totes in ADA and people and things that feel familiar using single adder. In the next lesson, we're going to take a look at expressions related to people in relationships being unhappy with each other. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 16. 잔소리하다, 바가지를 긁다: Hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about people kind of getting upset with their partner is the first expression is ten. Saudi Hadar, chance already had that, and tens already had that means to nag or to scold. And the second expression is a rather unusual expression and its pedagogy that Pagliacci, the creed that, and this has the same meaning of chance or the header, but it's more to do with someone being nagged by their spouse. Let's first begin with. Chen's already had that. Now this expression, Chancellor the Huldah, is made up of two words, chance, OD, and Hadar. And even in this word ten, Saudi Chan is a prefix that means something light or small. And the second part, Saudi, is a noun that means sound. So ten Saudi literally means or like sound or small sound. But chance OD is a noun that means nitpicking, nag. And we use it with a verb, hadn't, And it becomes to nag or to scold. Now, Chancellor, the header is used to talk about partners nagging each other. But it's also used to talk about parents nagging children, teachers, nagging students, and just nagging in general. So if your mom is one of those mums that nags you all the time about just anything in life, cleaning or doing homework or whatever. Then you might say to your mom, Chanzeaux de Jong command has a Oh, please stop nagging me. Chancellor, the German commander say, oh, now we can use this sentence without Chaum. But Chaum, which means a little, is used to make this request a little more soft and polite. Also, as you can see in this sentence, Tansley and Huldah are used as separate words. This is quite common. Now to give you another example of using this expression, if you are married to a husband who nags a lot, whatever reason that maybe you might say, Woody Allen Chanzeaux, degas. My husband nags are lot. Woody Nam, codons, hands, oligos, shimmer. She is a casual form of the verb Shamata, which means to be severe. So this sentence can mean my husband's nagging is severe, or my husband nags a lot. Here are more example sentences of the second sentence, pattern. Hoodie and nn Chanzeaux deega summer, my wife nags a lot. Hoodie and nn tons oligos summer. Woody Harrelson, Neiman tons, Audi guys shimmer, my professor nags a lot. Woody Harrelson, immense hands, oligos shimmer. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these sentences. Repeat after me. Ten Saudi Jong command, SAL ten Saudi Joan command as a Neiman, tans Audi guys. Excellent job, well done. Now the second expression in this lesson is Pagliacci, the creed that, which also means to nag. And this is an informal expression. However, this expression is only used to describe a wife, nagging a husband. In this expression, pedagogy means of bowl. And in the old days it referred to wooden bowls like this. But nowadays, these plastic bows are also called Pagliacci. But whichever material is used, it refers to Bose shaped like these. The second part, that is a verb that means to scratch. So Pankaj didn't create that compares someone's nagging, scratching a bowl and making extremely annoying sounds and package it occurred that is only used to talk about wives, not girlfriends, nagging their husbands. Now, I'm not entirely sure why this term is used to refer to wives nagging their husbands. But Pagliacci decreed that isn't just about the wife telling the husband what he should do. But it also means that the wife is upset with the husband because it's not doing what it should do or he keeps doing something he shouldn't do. I don't know if that reveal some truth about Korean marriages, but that's what Pagliacci recruit that means. Now to illustrate this meaning, if a husband has a habit of going out for a drink, spending the next day in front of the TV hung over. Then the wife might nag him about not going out in the future and spending more time with the family. So next time, he might say to his friends, chip sodomy, pedagogical cuticles R, will now God, I can't go out because my wife is nagging chip salami package and recruit Gaza will Nagar in Korean, another phrase we use to refer to a wife is chips had m, which literally translates to house person. It does sound like a pretty sexist and outdated term, but it's actually quite a common term used to refer to one's wife in Korea. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Chip sodomy, Pagliacci do cougars or Bowman. I can't meet you because my wife is nagging chip sodomy Pagliacci, lucrative Gaza Romana. Chip sodomy, pathogenic reversible. I can't see you because my wife is nagging chip sodomy package into Google's horrible bar. Okay, so pretty long sentence, but let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Keep sodomy, Pagliacci, the cougars are Chip sodomy. Gaza woman. Chipset army package into Google's excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned the two expressions we can use to talk about nagging. One is a more general term for to nag and that's tens Audi had that. And the other is to describe a wife, nagging a husband, and this was pi value to create that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn expressions we use to talk about relationships ending. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson. Bye-bye. 17. 깨지다, 차다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about relationships ending. The first expression is get g, that gets EDA. And this verb means for relationships to break up. And the second expression is Chadha. Taba. Chadha is a verb that means to cake, and it's used in a similar way to the verb to dump in english. So let's begin with Getty that now Canada is a verb that means to break. So we can use it to talk about glass or ice-breaking. However, we can also use gadgets that to talk about breakup of personal relationships, engagements, marriages, upcoming weddings, and even plans being canceled. For example, if you heard that your friend Min Zu broke up with his girlfriend, then you might say to another friend, bins sooner than you're judging good N gauge. Asa, Min Zu broke up with his girlfriend Benson and yeoja cinguga cytosol. So to talk about couples breaking up, we use lang with the person the subject has broken up with. A key point to note regarding the use of gadgets is that while the English sentence using the phrasal verb breakup can imply that it was Min Zeus decision to breakup with his girlfriend. The verb catchy, that simply means that the relationship has ended. It does not indicate who ended the relationship. Now, we can also use gadgets that to talk about someone's engagement breaking off. So we can say Mina Yarkoni, ghetto saw Minos engagement has broken off. Mean iconic Asia saw. Additionally, we can say that someone's plan to meet someone was canceled. So if you want to tell your friend that your plans for tomorrow was called off, you can say NADH area. Gages saw my plans for tomorrow was called off that area. So good guides or saw. In Korean, we use the noun yaks OK, which means a promise to talk about our future plans. We'll learn more about this word later on in the course. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Surgeon, damn, judging gran gage, ASA. Susie broke up with her boyfriend, sooty nan. I'm judging good and get Asa since x2 column cheeky gates or saw sinces wedding has been cooled off. Shinzo Cowden cheeky gets us saw that how to react? So gay ghettos saw my plans for next week was called off that hounds react. So gay kids or saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns that use the Getty that repeat after me. Vinson and yeoja cinguga and catch us saw pseudonym damn judging good IN cases. Mina Yarkoni ghetto saw chins who caught on cheeky KHz or song that they react so gay kids or saw that town to react so gay kids or saw. Excellent job, well done. Let's now take a look at the second expression, Chadha. Now, CEDAC is a verb that means to kick. But informally, we use this verb in the same way as the verb to dump in English. So to say that your friend Min Zu dumped his girlfriend, we can say Min Soo guy you're judging good. Tessa means who dumped his girlfriend, means eukaryote watching girl, Tessa. So unlike gaggabda, Chadha is used to State who ended a relationship. Though it's important to note that this word is a very informal world. We can also use this verb Chadha, in a passive voice to say that someone was dumped. To do this, we change the verb to tie dye. So to say that Min Zu was dumped by his girlfriend, we can say Min Soo guy. That single anti-HIV OSA means ago dumped by his girlfriend, means Eukarya judging vantage higher cell. So we use a different particle hands with a verb China to say that Min Zu got dumped. Now, do note that hand tech can mean either to or from. And in this context it implies the meaning of from. But in the English sentence is translated as by, as by is more appropriate in English passive sentences. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Chins, eukaryotes watching goodwill, Tessa, Jingzhou, Dante's girlfriend. Chin zucchini or dashing good rich Hasso. Csu goddamn judging good routes. Hasa CSU dumped her boyfriend. Csu goddamn judging good retest. Saw. Shinsegae, you're judging vantage higher saw Kinsey got dumped by his girlfriend, Shinsegae, adjusting vantage higher saw Shizuoka damn judging Guan De Chai ASA. Ji Xu got dumped by her boyfriend. Ci Xu goddamn judging one takes higher saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Min Zu Gei. Singularly, Tessa, Shinsegae yeoja cinguga, Tessa. Csu goddamn judging goodwill chest saw. Been zeugitai you're judging one. China saw. Judging vantage higher. Saw T Sugata I'm judging vantage higher saw. Excellent job today, well-done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned two verbs we can use to talk about relationships ending. The first is a verb we can use to talk about relationships, weddings, engagements, and also people's plans breaking off. And that's gets you that. And the second is a verb we use similar to the English verb to dump, and that's Chadha. In the next lesson, we're going to learn expressions related to someone having an affair and then getting caught. Pretty serious stuff. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson. Bye-bye. 18. 바람피우다, 딱 걸리다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two expressions related to people cheating in relationships. The first expression is pad, I'm peel that pattern pure that. And this verb means to cheat, to have an affair. And the second expression is back co-leader. That co-leader. And this expression means to get caught in the middle of doing something. Let's begin with pattern peel that. Now, in everyday speech, this word is often contracted to pat, I'm Peter, and is made up of two words. The first word is pattern and it means wind. But this word is often associated with people cheating and having an affair. So if someone cheats or has an affair frequently, and we call that person pattern Dongyi. Pattern Dongyi. The second word is the verb pure there. And this verb can have various meanings, such as to make fire, to smoke a cigarette, or for flowers to bloom. So while these two verbs separately don't seem to go together when they're combined, it means to cheat or for someone to have an affair. For example, if Min Zu cheated on his girlfriend with another woman last chair, we can say to our other friends, means hookah. Shangdian, air pattern. Piasa means Who had an affair. Last chair means how God's hand saw. Now in English, we can say sentences like Min Zu cheated on someone. However, in Korean, we don't add the on someone part, but it's meaning is implied in the sentence. So if mins, his girlfriend in the sentence was Suzy, then the sentence can be translated as meaning Min Zu cheated on Susie last year. Also in everyday speech, this verb pattern P Warsaw is often pronounced as paradigm closer, pattern parcel. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Shinzen and pattern pure saw, chins Who had an affair, Shinzen and panam casa. Shinzen and Javan data. Panam pure saw chins Who had an affair last month, Shinzen and Taiwan data part I'm Kelso, manana and Taiwan to a pure saw. Mina had an affair last week. Banana and Siobhan, mersa saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns. They used a phrase pattern, peel that, repeat after me. When Sagar Padang pure saw. I'm Kelso means Sagar, Piasa, Shinzen and Taiwan data mean and then saw great job well-done. Let's now consider the second expression that co-leader. Now that co-leader means to get caught in the middle of doing something. In this expression, the key word is the verb co-leader. And we use this verb, talk about getting caught doing something. So if you get caught cheating in an exam or stealing something, then you can use just Kalita. The word Pack is an adverb that describes something stopping suddenly. And in this phrase that co-leader, it is used to state that someone was caught in the act of doing something. While we can just use can lead to save someone was caught doing something. We use that to indicate that someone was caught in the middle of doing something. For example, if you cheated in a test by using a cheat sheets hidden under your sleeves. But then your teacher caught you using that cheat sheet. Then you can say Nansen xylem anti-tank Korea saw. I got caught by the teacher. Does something dim anti-tobacco IASA. Also, let's say that Min Zu was cheating on his girlfriend. And while he was secretly having a coffee with his mistress, his girlfriend catches the pair in a cafe. Bad minister. So to describe this situation, we can say benzene and panam piu daka, daka IASA. Min Zu Guo caught cheating means Hunan paran pure dugata coil ASA. In this sentence, the particle Tagore is similar in meaning to while. So the literal meaning of the sentence is while Min Zu was cheating, he got caught. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Now you're judging granted, decoy saw I got caught by my girlfriend, Diadochi one, taco Yaso, not Kang talented curiosity. I got caught by the police. Not countenance. Dakota saw pseudonym Chaco lead mock dugata, Korea. Suzy got caught eating chocolate. Surgeon and to call them octagon, taco Lassa, banana and TB bodyguard Dakota. So be narco court watching TV, banana and TV bodyguard attacker Lassa. Ok, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns. Repeat after me. Now sunset, Nim and Dakota saw. Now your judging Guan. Dakota saw. Now come tell I'm Ted. Zoom-in pattern PewDiePie, surgeon then took Colin mocked-up. B9 and TB will die bad back gorillas are excellent efforts at a well-done. Ok, so today we learned that two expressions related to cheating. One that actually means to cheat and that's pattern pill that. And the other was to describe someone getting caught in the act of doing something. And that's that Kalita. In the next lesson, we're going to learn three expressions related to someone being punished for doing something bad. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson. Bye-bye. 19. 욕 먹다, 벌받다, 잘못하다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn three expressions that are to do with someone being punished for doing something wrong. The first expression is your mock Young, and this means to be heavily criticized. The second expression is pole pad, that power about that. Or sometimes it's set as part of the about that and it means to be punished. Final expression is tired mode, ta-dah, ta-dah. And this has a variety of meaning, but it's used to admit that you've done something wrong and to apologise. Let's begin with young MC That first, as you can hear, the keyup batch him in the first syllable is pronounced as Ian in fast speech. So it's Yong mock their young MC there. Now this phrase is made up of two words, yolk, and that yo is a noun that has a variety of meaning. It can refer to swear words, but another common use of yoke is criticism. And the verb bought that, as we have learned already, means to eat. But when the two words are used together as your mock data, it means to be heavily criticized, to hear really harsh words from others. To illustrate how we can use this phrase. If we go back to the example of Bian Zu cheating on his girlfriend, clearly everyone would be extremely critical of Min Zu. So if two friends found out what bins, who did they say to each other means UGA, you mobilities that have had their Menes who did something that should be criticized. Min Zu deserves to be criticized heavily means UGA your mobility. So hence there. And in this sentence, we combine the verb your Mata with the and is used in front of nouns as an adjective, which in this case is the noun chip, and it means one's actions. So you mogul chip kinda means actions that should be criticized. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Surgical, you mogul battle. Susie said something that should be criticized. So JICA, you mogul mattered, had their chin sukha, you moguls, hang Gaga. Teens are thought of something that should be criticized. Chimps who value moguls and Geiger hand there. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. You mogul T-shirt, had there been sukha you mobilities when they're Suchi guy you mobile matter hadn't their chin saga you, Margaret Sanger Geiger. Him there. That was excellent, well-done. Let's now look at the second expression, Po bat, that poll bat, that means to be punished. And this is made up of the noun pole, which means punishments, and the verb, which means to receive. And we can use this expression to talk about receiving an actual punishment, such as a criminal receiving a prison sentence. But we can also use it to talk about karma as in something bad happening to someone because they did something bad. For example, let's say that a group of students didn't do their homework, so the teacher decided to give them all detention after school. So in this situation, we can say hexane did a poll by the US, saw the students were punished. Hexane did a poll by the SR. So in this sentence, we're talking about the students actually receiving a form of punishment. However, as well as talking about actual punishments, we can also use that to talk about karma happening to someone. So going back to Min Zu cheating on his girlfriend, if you show that when x2 will get what he deserves at some point in the future, you might say, bins Noonan Po by direct Gaia, Min Zu will be punished minus1 and poll by the Gaia. In this sentence, the noun polar is referring to something bad happening to Min Zu because of the bad thing he did. And when we use pole bad data in this way to talk about karma, we often use it in the future tense using the cauda, which is a shortened form of the gushy data, which means will or be going. So here are few more example sentences TO duke pole badass are the thief was punished TO doggy pole by that saw banana and pole by that require me now will be punished. Banana and probe either require surgeon pole by that Gaia, suzy will be punished. So g n pi by their. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns. Repeat after me. Hacks saying the, the pole by that saw total E poll by the US Surgeon M. Paul by the require. B9 and employed by the regalia. Means soon and probe either Gaia. Fantastic efforts, well-done. Okay, so the final expression for this lesson is or tada. Now we use Timer ta-da to admit that you've made a mistake and to admit to the other person that what you did was wrong and you are sorry. Now it's important to differentiate timer Tada and more ta-da as the second phrase which uses chair mode and Huldah as separate words, is used to talk about not being good at something. When child mode and Huldah are used as one word is used to admit once mistake and to say sorry. Now, to illustrate how this phrase is used, if Min Zu were to admit that what he did was wrong, which should do and apologized to his girlfriend. He might say, their gods, HMO, Tessa, it's my fault. There got timer Tessa. When we use Timer ta-da to admit ones mistake, it's commonly used in the past tense also to add extra meaning of pathology. Some people might say, They're guards homo Tessa, Brianna and add, I'm sorry, at the end. Now, on the other hand, let's say that is super bump on there. He is in the wrong, but his adamant that is done nothing wrong. Outrageous. So in this case he might say none and timer tango, I didn't do anything wrong. Nano timer Tango saw. So in this sentence we use chime or ta-da in his adjective form, time or ten. And this is a common expression we can use to protest our innocence. Okay, so let's take a look at few other example sentences. Mean Sagar, time or Tessa. It's mins whose folds means Lagash high mantissa. So do you guys have more Tessa? It Susie's folds. Suchi guys, Hamel, Tessa, Oman and time or Tango. My mother didn't do anything wrong or manage Hamilton golf, so okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of using tamer tada. Repeat after me. They've got high more Tessa means regards homo tests are Suchi guy, more tests are done and so on man and time or tangled up. So great efforts today, a well-done. Ok, so today we learned three expressions related to being punished. We learned the how to say, to be heavily criticized, how to say someone is punished, and how to admit that you've made a mistake. And these expressions were Yong pole by that and channel more tada. We're now going to move on from the topic of relationships. And in the next unit, we will learn useful expressions related to accidents and emotions. See you sin again, bye-bye. 20. 사고 치다, 큰일 나다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn various expressions related to accidents and emotions. And in this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about some problems happening in our lives. The first expression is sag or cheetah psychology data. And this means to do something bad or to cause a problem. And the second expression is Kanye, nada, clearing ADA. And this means for some big and difficult problem to happen. Let's begin with Sacco cheetah. Now this expression is made up of two words, this hypo and cheetah. Sacco is a noun that means an accident. And this noun can be used with many verbs, and one of those is the verb cheetah. When we use haggle with a verb, it means to do something bad or to cause an accident. For example, if Min Zu is playing football in the garden with his friend and accidentally breaks a window. Then we can say been sukha, Hagel Josiah, Min Zu, cause an accident. Mean savannas, Hagel Josiah. So here we use Sacco cheetah to describe Min Zu causing an actual accidents of breaking a window. However, we can also use to talk about someone doing something that they shouldn't be doing. For example, let's say that B now has a habit of spending a little too much when she goes shopping. And even though she promised a mother not to buy anymore bags, she buys another pair of banks which she doesn't need. When Mina comes home, her sister tells them mom, be Nagar, those Hagel Josiah. Mina did it again. I mean, I did a terrible thing again, be Nagar toes, Hogwarts, Josiah. So in the sentence, psycho chitchat refers to be NADH doing something she shouldn't be doing. Now, one other use of psycho cheetah in Korean is to refer to unmarried couples pregnancy. They refer to this as CDA is a sort of euphemism used in Korea. Let's take a look at few more examples sentences. Chair Tong Zheng is hypo josiah. My younger sibling caused an accident. Cheng Zheng, He is Hogwarts ISIL. Suchi guys Hagel, Josiah, Suzy caused an accident, sued. You guys have watched Messiah, Messiah, Shinzo did a terrible thing again. Shinsegae photos have also been Sugata. Mitra SIR, means who did a terrible thing again, being Sugata those headwater psi L. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Bins, yogas, Heiko Josiah. Chair Tong Zheng is Haeckel Josiah. Suchi guys Hegel, Josiah, me now got those hukou Josiah. Shinzo got those Hegel Josiah means who got those hepatocyte. Excellent efforts. While the second expression in this lesson is Kuhnian ladder. And we use this expression to talk about a serious problem. This word is made up of n. Ken is an adjective that means big. And it is a noun that has various meanings. And one of those is to refer to issues and problems. So chronic means a big problem. The second part, Nadal, is a verb that means to happen. So this whole phrase clear in Adda, the literal meaning is for a big problem to happen. Now, although the meaning of this phrase is to refer to a big problem in everyday speech. Whether a problem is big or not is really a matter of personal interpretation. So this phrase is commonly used in everyday situation, even to refer to problems that may not always seem so big. To illustrate this, let's say that you are a student and you are hiring out of the house in the morning with your mum. As you're leaving, you remember that you had an important homework to hand in on that day. So you check your bag and see that your homework isn't there. So right at that moment, you say to your mother, canary live bond has saw it could have been a disaster. Can it allow upon SR? Now this is a really common expression Koreans use when they manage to avoid a big problem. Also in terms of pronunciation, depending on how this phrase is used, the DNA can change to a liter sound. So this sentence is pronounced. Kenyan allowed band has some clinical OpenSSL. Now, we can also use this expression to say that a big problem happened. For example, let's say that you're going on holiday with your friends. You arrive at the airport excited about going away. You're about to checking your luggage. But suddenly you realize there is a big, big problem. If you've got your passport. So you say to your friend, couldn't last saw your corner, Camargo saw there is a big problem. I forgot the passport. Canula saw your corner gum or saw. So to say that there is a big problem, we use Kinney ladder in the past tense, Kinney lesser. Let's take a look at some example sentences for this second sentence pattern. Can you last saw carbon-rich gamma was there is a big problem. I forgot my bag. Can in lesser carbon-rich gamma vaso. Cuny Leso GeoGebra comma Warsaw. There is a big problem. I forgot my wallet. Couldn't last saw. She gaba gamma was saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Kuhnian allowed upon SR, upon SR. Kenyan less on your quandary. Tomoko saw Can you last saw carbon r3 comma was cleaner less saw Chicago come over. So excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to useful expressions related to some problems happening in our lives. The first expression was Hagel chitchat. And we use this expression to talk about causing a problem, causing an accident. And the second expression was clear ladder. And we use this to talk about a big problem happening in our lives. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions related to the emotion of anger. See you then, bye-bye. 21. 성질나다, 열 받다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn useful expressions related to being angry. The first expression is sung Julia nada, Hungarian ADA. And this is a verb we use to say that someone is angry. And the second expression, yellow pad, that yellow pad, that has the same meaning. So this is also a verb we use to say that we are angry. So let's begin with Hungarian ADA. Now, this verb is made up of two words. The first part is the noun sung Jill, and Songjiang means one's temper. And as we learned in the previous lesson, the second part of this word is a verb, and it means to happen. Now, when we combine these two words, sung gerund ADA refers to someone being angry. Now, in general, the common descriptive verb we use to mean to be angry is Canada, and in many ways is Hungarian. Ada and Canada are similar in meaning. However, is hungering. Ada expresses a slightly stronger degree of anger than Canada. But in everyday speech, both expressions are commonly used. To illustrate how we use sung June ADA. If you were angry because your younger brother Min Zu, used your laptop and accidentally deleted some important files. You might say to your mom, bins Chong Maya's home to LA. I'm so angry because of Min Zu means you terminate Chong Masanga law. So we can use sung do nada to talk about being angry. Now two important points to note regarding pronunciation. In natural speech, that the data is often pronounced as an Lear. So it's pronounced Songjiang ladder, Song Qian ladder. Also in speech, Songjiang is often pronounced as sin injured. So people often say Cindy ladder, singular. Singular. Now another way of using Hungarian ADA is to change the verb Baghdad to there that, and the verb there that has various meanings, but one of those is to give. So Hungarian EDA means to show one's anger. End to illustrate how we use this verb when your mother sees you're angry because of Min Zu, she might say to you, could OK. case Hungarian edgy, but don't be so angry like that. Don't show your anger like that. Could not care. Songjiang legible. So here we use Sanjay led us to say, don't show your anger, don't be angry to someone. Here are two more example sentences following the first sentence pattern. Minute them lineage Homer's Hong Jin law. I'm so angry because of meta minute then when edge Homer's Hungarian law or need them 1H Homer's Angela. I'm so angry because my older sister on need terminate Homer's Angela. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Means it terminates Hong mesangial la. Minute them when it's only ten winner Thomas on July. Cannot care Songdo legible. Could aka Song Jian legible. Excellent efforts, well-done. Now the second expression in this lesson is that this expression is made up of two words. The first word is the noun young, which means heat. And the second part is the verb, which means to receive. So the literal meaning of yoga, that is to receive heat or to get really angry. Now, in essence, your robot that and Sunday Lada, I really similar in meaning and they can be used interchangeably in many situations. Now the only slight difference is the new ones and the meaning that arises from the individual paths. Because hunger refers to one's temper, the anger arises more from within. While yo pad, that implies that something is causing you to become hot and get angry. However, in everyday situations, Koreans don't really think of these expressions as being all that different and they can be used interchangeably in many situations. So going back to the same situation with getting angry because of your younger sibling been zoo, after your mother told you not to be so angry, you might say to her, Min Zu Gei Yoruba hair. Min Zu makes me angry, means Eukarya, Wolbachia hair. So here we use Yo pad with a verb ending care Hadar, which means make someone do something. Now, let's say that your sisters in the same room. And upon hearing all this, she might say, could at all, no majora Bathsheba, even so, don't be so angry, don't be so upset. Credo DOM, we are Bathsheba. So even though someone has a reason to be upset or angry, we can use this sentence to tell someone not to be so angry. Here are a few example sentences following the first sentence pattern. Shinsegae, Yoruba hair. Shinzo makes me angry. Shinsegae or backer hair. Suchi guy or Reebok O'Hare. Susie makes me angry. Suchi guy or a bucket. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence patterns. Repeat after me. Means UGA, your Reebok. Reebok. Suchi guy, or a bad guy. Could add o DOM, credo Damo your bad Cheema. Excellent efforts at a well-done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned two expressions we can use to talk about being angry. And they were sung the ladder. And you are about that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn three very Korean expressions we can use to talk about being disappointed. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 22. 서운하다, 섭섭하다, 아쉽다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to look at three expressions we can use to express feelings of disappointment. The first expression is sown Hadar, so Nada, and the second expression is sub sub, sub sub par, that now they are both used to express feelings of disappointment we feel from others. The third expression is our ship. A ship that, and we use this verb to talk about being disappointed from the situation itself and also by our own actions. Sonar that n sub sub Padang are quite similar in meaning. So let's begin with these. Both sonar that n sub sub paths are used to express feelings of disappointment and sadness, which can be due to the other person's actions or the situation itself. However, of the two expressions, sonar that expresses a greater feeling of sadness and also feeling of being hurt. So whether you use one or the other depends on how let down you feel from the person or the situation. For example, if my brother forgets my birthday, I might just feel sub sub pada. Whereas if my wife forgot my birthday, I would be hone that down. So there's really no definitive answer on which one you use for a particular situation. And the key to note is that we use sub sub par that ends hone that, that when we feel hurt or disappointed because of what someone did or didn't do, or because of the situation we're in. To give you an example, let's say that my wife really did forget my birthday. Then I will say to her, chin jazz how Nadar, I'm really disappointed. Chinchillas hone add-on. So the feeling of let down the comes from my wife forgetting my birthday. However, we can use solid ADA, all sub sub pada when we're disappointed and sad about a particular situation. For example, let's say that you met an old friend for dinner. You are really excited to see your friend. But because you both live far away, the two view can only meet for an hour in the evening. In the situation, you might say, HE KaiA DSRs hops up paddle. I'm sad that we have to leave early. Egypt KaiA, there's our subset pattern. So this time the feeling of disappointment and sadness comes from the situation. Here are two more example sentences following the second sentence pattern. She Beck, I add there's a whole nother. I'm sad that we have to go home. Seberg I there's a whole nother Hezekiah DSRs hops up pattern. I'm sad that we have to go to work. Qsif higher hopes up paddle. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences. Listen carefully to the tone of my voice and repeat after me. Jintao's homeowner down to just hone at UT KaiA, there's hope subpattern. Tbi are decimals Holland add-on. Hezekiah does or sops up paddle. Excellent work, well done. Now another expression we use to express disappointment is a ship that this expression is similar to the English expression that says shame. So unlike SCE hone ADA and sops up pada, our ship that expresses our disappointment based either on the situation or ourselves. The disappointment doesn't come from the other person. So Azure focuses less on feelings of sadness and the disappointment is because something is not what we expected it to be. For example, if a friend cannot come to my birthday party because he or she has to work, then it's not really my friends folds and I'm more disappointed because the situation prevents my friend from coming to my party. So I might say to my friend are shipped. As a shame, I should. Now, in this situation, if I said I felt whole Nadal or sub sub pada, it gives the impression that I'm disappointed in my friend. Whereas ash, that deflects any wrongdoing on my friend's part. I feel let down by the situation rather than my friend. So that's the key difference with ash IP data. Now in terms of pronunciation, the vowel we in ship is quite weak and is pronounced almost as the vowel e sound. So it's I ship that, ash IP that. Now to give you an example of feeling as ship that from my own actions, let us say that I played a really important football match but played badly in the game. Now, in this situation, I can use Azure Data express my disappointment at having played a bad game. So I can say on the remote TSR, I shipped, I feel disappointed that I didn't play well. Too bad, I didn't play well. Well, no time courtesan a ship data. So in this sentence, I use asymptotic express my disappointment at my own actions. Let's take a look at two more example sentences for this second sentence pattern. All newborn egos are asymptote. Too bad, I didn't win. Or no more Negroes are shipped their owners Xiang Bu, bizarre ship there. Too bad, I didn't do well in the exams. Will know Chambord bizarre, I ship there. Okay, so we now do a speaking practice of using ASP that and remember to focus on the tone of how I use. I ship that. Repeat after me. I should I should. Table tests are all newborn nega or no Chambord, bizarre. I skip that. Excellent job, well-done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to use hone ADA and sub sub paths to talk about being disappointed and hurt by others and the situation itself. And we also learned to use that to talk about being disappointed by the situation and by our own actions. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions related to someone becoming a bit salty. So I'll see you soon in the next lesson. Bye bye. 23. 삐지다, 달래다, 풀다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to describe someone becoming upsets. And two verbs we can use to talk about making that person feel better. The first expression is b t that. And this means to be upset because someone has made you sad or disappointed. Then we have two verbs we use to talk about making someone feel better and they are parallel, parallel data and pull that through that. Let's begin with BIG data. Now, bg dot is a descriptive verb and its meaning is similar to someone being upset. Salty, and sulci, PG that describes a situation when someone is upset because of what someone has said or done. For example, if all my friends go to the cinema without me, or if my parents by my younger brother, new car, whereas I drive an old used car, then I would become BG darn PG data. Now in the previous lesson, we learned that how an add-on and subset pada mean to be disappointed, sad, and hurt. And of course, in these situations, I can say that IMs hone ADA or powder. But beach EDA combines the feeling of home ADA and substitute powder with anger. And whoever is BG dad may outwardly show their PDSA feeling, perhaps by giving the other person the cold shoulder or speaking to that person that made us PGD. Currently. For example, if you and your friends went to the cinema without Min Zu and the next day means a gives you dirty looks and speaks you very rudely. Then you can say means UGA pigeon got gotta. I think Min Zu is upset, means UGA pigeon Kolkata. In this sentence, we use bg dot with God, God, which means, I think in English. Now to state that someone is upset, BGI is always used in the past tense. Be jot down. So we can say bins UGA Peja saw. Min Zu is upset, means UGA Peja saw. Okay, so let's take a look at few more examples sentences. Chins, UGA, piecing or cata. I think ten x2 is upset. Shinsegae pigeon got gotta be NACA, bingo cata, I think meaner is upset. Me Nagar bingo, Qatar. So giga Peja saw Susie is upset. Sushi got Peja saw. Chins UGA, Picasso. Shinjuku is upset. Shinzo garbage IASA. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using BG that repeat after me. Been sukha, pigeon got gotta. Shinzo daga, daga, daga pitching. Aka. Min Zu Gou De Just saw Suchi garbage ASA, Shinsegae Peja saw. That was great. Rodin. Okay, so the next two expressions are related to making someone feel better when they've become BIG data. The first of these is parallel adder. Talladega means to make someone feel better to come someone down. We use Talladega to talk about helping someone who is upset, angry, or sad, return to their normal feeling or mood. So if someone is busy that we can try to lead us to make that person calm down and feel better. So referring back to the example of Min Zu being upset because you went to the cinema without him. Someone might say to you, daga, Hasso, Min Zu Taliban, go and try to come means or down. Go and try to make mins of feel better. Daga cancer have been sutta lambda. So we can use palette out with our Prada, which means to try to tell someone to try to make the other person feel better. Here are two more example sentences. The Aga castle, tin sutta, labor, going try to make tunes fulfill better. Daga, daga, daga gassed, Halabja, go and tried to make me feel better. Nagasaki, high-level. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Daga castle, bins outta labor. Nagasaki, chin, sutta, Lebur. Daga, daga. Daga. Daga can also be not Halabja. That was great. Well down. The final expression in this lesson is poor that food that can be used in a similar way to Talladega as we use it to talk about making someone feel better. But unlike collider, which primarily focuses on calming someone down, per die, has the nuance of helping someone feel better by resolving the problem that's made the person upset BIG data. Therefore, although in certain situations, we can use Talladega and product in the same way. There are also subtle differences. For example, we can use Toledo to talk about carving a baby down. So we can say, are good at Talladega, come the baby down. Rg raid had led. However, since proof that is more related to resolving a problem, we don't use prove that in this situation. On the other hand, if you wanted to say to the pigeon friend that you will make the phen feel better. Then you can say Degas, Cuban, put our job, our make you feel better. The Iraqi boom, pleasure gap. Now, in Korean, Ki-moon, which means mood, is commonly used with a verb Prusa, to talk about feeling better. So in that regard, it's more appropriate to use the verb, prove that in this situation. Additionally, we wouldn't use Talladega in the situation because Talladega has the nuance of calming someone down. And even in Korean, it sounds a little strange to say to someone how calm you down. So it's more appropriate to use the verb in this situation. So while the two verbs, Toledo and pull, that are both US talk about making someone feel better. Talladega has the nuance of calming someone down while Poodle is more about making someone feel better by resolving the issues. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of this sentence using Peru that repeat after me. They got Ki-moon put larger Guerre, the guy keyboard input Roger guerre. The Iraqi boom for Roger guerre. Fantastic efforts today at well-done. Ok, so today we learned how to say that someone is upset and sulci using BG dad. And we learned two expressions we can use to talk about making someone feel better and they were parallel data and pull that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about being in a difficult situation. See you then, bye-bye. 24. 난감하다, 답답하다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn to useful expressions we can use to talk about being in a difficult situation. The first expression is non-game had none gamma. And we use non-game add-on to talk about not knowing what the right thing to do is. And the second expression is tap, tap pada, pum pada. And we can use this expression to say that we are worried and anxious. Let's begin with non-game hadn't. First, in terms of pronunciation, the neon in changes to an e sound. So this is pronounced Nanga Mai. Nanga. Now, in general, Nanga Madame simply means to be in a difficult situation. And the situation is difficult because you either don't know what the right thing to do is or because the situation is difficult to manage. For example, if you were invited to to birthday parties and you weren't show which party to go to, then you could say E got Jan, and gamma. This is so difficult. Go to Django Hamada. So in situations where you don't know what the right decision is, you can use non-game ADA. Now, the other use of Nanga Mai EDA is to talk about a situation that is difficult to manage. And this use isn't about not knowing what the right thing to do is, but more to do with something being more than you can manage. Now, at the time of writing this course, the whole world is going through a particularly difficult time where the coronavirus and I think many restaurant owners will fill that. Running their business is extremely challenging. So they might say sick than when Yang Dan gamma add-on. It's difficult to run a restaurant. Shutdown Yogi guard and gamma add-on. So we change the verb to its noun form Gu Niang algae and say that Liniang Hagia nine gamma to be difficult to run. Let's take a look at few more examples of the second sentence pattern. How Bu Neng AGI God and gamma data. It's difficult to run a business. How Boone yada, yada, yada, giga Dan gamma data is difficult to run a shop. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using non gamma. Repeat after me. Ego Dan, gamma one and gamma. Sigdang Gu Niang Dan, gamma and gamma. Cargo, younger giga, Dang, gmodel. Great efforts, well-done. Let's consider the second expression in this lesson. Tap that pattern. Now the most common use of tap dat Padang is to be stifled as in to find it difficult to breathe. However, tapped out pada actually has many different uses and one of those is to describe feeling worried and anxious. For example, if you feel helpless because your business is going through a rough time due to the coronavirus situation, then you can say, mile me tap that paddle. I feel worried. I feel anxious. Mommy trapped up Podeh. And in the sentence, Mom means one's mind, and we often use it in a sentence to refer to how we feel. Additionally, we can also use tap that Padang to describe a feeling frustrated. And normally this frustration is caused by something or someone other than you. For example, if you have a really old fashioned and stubborn team leader at work who just won't listen to any new ideas. You might say, read Tim Jiang, Ni Men chitchat hopped up, pair my team leaders, so frustrating. Would it seem Dongdaemun, chin, John Updike pair. So we can use tap that Podeh to describe someone as frustrating. Here are few more example sentences for this second sentence, pattern. Banana and chit-chat up that pair, Bina, so frustrating. Manana and chit-chat hepta pair. Reasons like the men chin chat up that pair. My teachers. So frustrating reasons, element chitchat up top here. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Mao me, tap that pada, bile meet habitat pada. Woody, Tim Jack dimension jumped up, pear, banana and chimp Janata pair. Recently Munchen. Fantastic efforts today. Well, OK, so today we learned how to use non-game add-on to talk about not knowing what the right thing to do is finding it hard to manage a situation. Then we learn to use that pattern to talk about feeling worried and anxious and also feeling frustrated because of someone or something. In the next lesson, we're going to learn many different ways of describing feeling bored. See you in the next lesson. Bye bye. 25. 따분하다, 지루하다, 심심하다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn three different ways of talking about feeling bored. Now, all three expressions in today's lesson essentially describes the same feeling of being bored. And in many situations, you can use any of the three expressions to describe feeling bored. However, will also look at subtle differences between these three expressions. Also, the three expressions are tab1, hada, Tablo nada, Ci, Ru, Huldah, Chido hada and shim, shim header, shimmy Shamata. Now of the three expressions that gonadal and Chido Hadar are quite similar. So let's begin with these 2 first. Both dabbler Nada and Chido hada referred to something or some situation has been boring negatively. And in many situations, they can be used interchangeably. For example, if you are feeling bored watching TV at home, you can say to your brother, Taboola, ci Rwanda, I'm bored. Una de Rwanda. The two expressions essentially expressed the same meaning that I feel bored. However, there is a subtle difference between these two expressions. With Diebold ADA was saying that something or the situation is void or fun. That I feel bored because there is nothing funding going on. On the other hand, she do i that is more focused on feeling bored because you have been doing something continuously for a long time. You've basically become sick of doing the same thing. We can describe a movie as being BabelNet and Chido ADA. And the essence of its meaning would be the same as in the movie, is boring, but the new ones is slightly different between the two expressions. Nevertheless, do note that although there is this subtle difference in the neurons in everyday speech is not hugely important to differentiate the way these two verbs are used. Now one other point to note is that in English, we have adjectives that end in ED and I-N-G. And these adjectives have different functions. However, in Korean, we use the same descriptive of forms to function as both ED and ING forms. Here are a few example sentences using tabular data. Enchilada, owner now move tabu data. Today is so boring. Uno download tabu data. Ie young lad, AMO tablinum. This movie is so boring. E on one or more tabu data, ie to Ramadhan which she drew. This drama is so boring, heated Ahmad or mood she Radha. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Taboola T2R that only normal w e, w e to the gamma. Excellent job, well done. Let's take a look at the third expression in this lesson. See Museum had that CBC-MAC also expresses feeling bored. But this feeling of boredom is because you're not doing anything, which means that you're not having fun. And this is what differs Taboola that she drew from shimmy schema data. Since you can fill dabbling at that end Cheetos while doing something. Additionally, you can use that data and to describe yourself as being bored or other things as being boring. But with shimmies, Yamada, You can only describe yourself as being bored. To give an example, if you spend all morning at home not doing much, you can say, she bears our hierarchy helps Azar, shimmy Shamata. I'm bored because there is nothing to do at home. She bears are high kelps, associative schema data. So we describe feeling she Missy mother, board when we have nothing to do. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Hack us our height, Gulp saw. So she, Missy madonna. I'm bored because there is nothing to do at school. Hackers are Heikki, absorptiometry, Madonna, ASR, hurricane helps us our shimmy schema data. I'm bored because there is nothing to do at the park. Co-owners are high kelps also shimmies, Yamada. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using CBC MAC. Repeat after me. Hierarchy helps us. Our CBC-MAC. High helps us see missing. Hack us are higher kelps also a CBC Marta homeowners are high kelps also, Missy Marta. Great job today. Well, we're done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned to use Diablo and add that and Chido ADA to talk about feeling bored. And Taboola IDA focuses on lack of fun while Chido ADA focuses on becoming bored for doing something for too long. The third expression was she Musee model, which we use to talk about being bored because you're simply not doing anything. Now that's the end of this unit on talking about accidents and emotions. And in the next lesson, we're going to start learning useful expressions Koreans use with their friends. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 26. 놀다, 쏘다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn useful expressions Koreans use between friends. And in this lesson, we're going to learn the language friends used to talk about hanging out and to talk about taking someone out for a meal or drinks. The first expression is that though we die and do that is a verb we use to talk about hanging out with friends. And the second expression is the verb saw that. Saw that. And this means to take someone out for a meal or drinks. Let's begin with a verb, normal data. Now, in Korean, the verb that means to play. So to talk about children playing, we use this verb doi Di, and the Korean word for a Playground is naughty tar. And the first part of this word comes from the verb DOI data. However, when we talk about teenagers and adults hanging out as in spending time together doing something fun. We use the verb DOI data. So if you wanted to say to your friend, less hangout on the weekend, you would say tomorrow. Let's hang out on the weekend. Tomorrow. Also, if you want to invite your friends to your house to Hangouts, you can say, Ricci, bear the LOA, comment, hang at my house, Luigi, bad or lower. So in this sentence we combine Doyle, Dan, and the verb or that which means to come, to say to come and hang. Now the verb during that can be used to talk about people having fun by themselves, such as people playing computer games. And it can even be used to talk about people taking a break from work. However, in this lesson, we focused on how it's used to talk about people hanging out with friends. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Toyota dead or less, hangout on Saturday. Tojo is red or town jus ad or less hangout next week. Town dread or bizarre. Wudi, vacua the LOA come and hang out in my school. Would evacuated or loa loa comment hang out in my neighborhood. Written Ned or lower. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences I used of Doyle Dan. Repeat after me. Tomorrow. Toyota, town join would ET bed or loa. Loa loa loa loa. Excellent job, well-done. The second expression in this lesson is the verb saw that. So that can mean to shoot As into shoot guns and arrows. However, another really common use of the verb saw data is to talk about paying for the whole meal or drinks. So the meaning of this verb is similar to take someone out. Or when we say things like the dinners or me or our get dinner tonight, meaning that you will pay for the whole mill. Now to understand why this verb is important, let's consider the culture of paying for meals in Korea. Traditionally in Korea, people don't split bills. And although things are changing with the younger generation who are more willing and uncomfortable, splitting the bill is quite unusual for adults to go out for a meal and split the bill. Therefore, to avoid any confusion before going out for a meal, someone may announce that they will pick up the tab for the meal or the drinks. And to do that there we used a verb saw there. So if you said to your friends tomorrow, as in, let's hang out on the weekend. You might also want to tell your friends that you're going to buy dinner. And to say this, you can say there, God, tony, OK, sorry. I'll buy dinner. They got Sonia qsort Garr. So we combine Sadat and get meaning will, to say that you will buy their dinner. Cianni, OK, so again, here are few more example sentences there, God, Tom, museums or gay, I'll buy lunch. They got Tommy's, him sort Garr their GAR soldiers or I'll buy so j2, I'll buy drinks there, gas soldiers or Garr, Degas pop. So I'll buy the meal. They got absorbed. Garr, saw Jew is the most popular drink in Korea. And Koreans, especially men, use the noun saw jus to talk about paying for the drinks. And although soldier is spelt with a shot is often pronounced as a sang shot. So it's soldier. Soldier. Also in casual language, Koreans use pap, which means cooked rice to refer to Mills. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Their gas or their guard Tanakh, sorry, Garr. Their guards home care. The Aga soldiers or Garr, their gap absorb or some efforts at a well-done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned how to talk about hanging out with friends using the verb da-da-da. And how to say you will pay for the meal or drinks using the verb. Saw that in the next lesson, we're going to learn useful language we can use to talk about plans we have with friends. See you then, bye-bye. 27. 약속 있다, 약속 잡다, 약속이 깨지다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn the language we use to talk about plans we have with friends. The key word we use to talk about our plans with friends is the noun yak. Yak. So, which means promise in Korean. To say that we have a plan, we use the verb eat that and say yak, soggy, yak. So to say that we make a plan, we use the verb tap that and say yak, so TBA, yak soaks up and say that the plan got cancelled. We use the verb KG that and say, yuck, soggy KG data, yak, soggy KG data. Let's begin with yak. So good. Now, as mentioned already, yak so means a promise in Korean. But when we talk about a plan, we have to meet someone. We use this word yaks OK. Whether it is a plan to go to the cinema to have dinner or to meet a friend for a study session at a cafe. The plan we make to meet someone is regarded as a promise in Korean. So to say that we have a plan, we use the verb, which means to have with yaks OK. And say yak Soviet data. Now, to give you an example, if a friend asked me to hang out with him on the weekend, but I want to tell my friend that I have a plan. Then I would say that E bond tomorrow. Yak sagas are I have a plan this weekend. Naive on Shamata yak, soggy saw. So we can use yak. So get that to talk about having plans. Here are two more example sentences. Di Yi Bian toy, yak sagas. I have a plan this Saturday. Naive on Toyota sagas. Now town tomorrow day. Ok, so I have a plan next weekend that town tomorrow yak Soviets saw. Ok, so let's practice these sentences using yak soggy. Repeat after me. Yak sagas saw Di Yi Bian too mad a yak sagas. Di Yi Ban Toyoda yak soggy saw that hummed Yamada yak soggy saw. That was great, well-done. The second expression is yak, so chapter. And we use this phrase to talk about making a plan. Now, when you want to say that you made a promise, as in promising someone to do something, you would say, yak, sock, Hadar. However, when we talk about making a plan to meet someone, we use the verb chapter. Chapter. That is a verb that means to grab. So yak, soak tub that expresses grabbing an appointment with someone. Now, in terms of using this phrase, let's say that after telling your friend that you have a plan, if you want to say that you've already made a plan with been X2, then you can say BNA, EME bins harangue, yak soap Taba saw, I'm sorry, I already made plans with Min Zu beyond imi been Sudan, yaks OK Java saw. So we can use yak soap chapter to talk about plans we already made. Here are two more example sentences. Bna, imi, be Narain, yak, suck java saw. I'm sorry. I already made plans with meaner. Beyond ME be Narain. Java saw BNA EME sushi ran yak suck. Java saw I'm sorry. I already made plans with Susie. Beyond ME, Sudan yaks, OK, Java saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Yak. So TBA saw BNA, e mi been Sudan yak soap. Tba saw beyond Java some immune Sudan yaks OK, Java saw excellent job, well done. Okay, so the final expression in this lesson is yak, so gadgets or yaks soggy gets you there. And we briefly touched on this expression earlier when we learned the verbal, gets you that, which we use to talk about relationships breaking up, as well as plans being cancelled. And yak, so KG, that is a phrase we use to talk about plans being canceled. So after telling your friends that you had a plan with x2, if that plan gets cancelled, you can text your friend and say that even tomorrow, yak soggy gauges saw my plan for this weekend got cancelled. Naive onto my AC Soviet gauges. So we use the past tense of gage. Gages. So to say that a plan got cancelled. Also with this phrase is more common for yak. So any gadgets to be used separately, m for yaks ought to be used with a subject particle e. Here are two more example sentences. Now, E, Bonn, Tokyo area, yak, soggy gauges, sir, my plan for this saturday got cancelled. Naive Montoya toy react. So get ghetto saw that town. Jeremiah yaks, soggy ghetto saw my plan for next weekend. Go canceled that town to my axial gay ghetto saw. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice. All of these sentences using yaks, soggy, repeat after me. Yak, soggy gauges saw. That. Gets us that town to maniacs, okay, ghettos, naive Montoya react. So good cases. Fantastic job, well-done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned three useful expressions related to plans with friends. We learn to say that we have plans using yak so that we learn to talk about making plans using yak soak tap that. And we also learned talk about plans being canceled using yak soggy gets into. In the next lesson, we're going to learn some useful expressions related to having a drink with friends. See you then, bye-bye. 28. 한 잔 하다, 해장하다, 속을 풀다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn some useful expressions related to drinking. Now, I've added this lesson on language related to alcohol, largely because most Koreans will be open to having one or two drinks at social gatherings. And while I appreciate that drinking is not tolerated everywhere, it is quite a common activity between friends and career. So in this lesson, we'll take a look at a few expressions related to this topic. The first expression is hand Jan Hadoop, hands-on Hulda. And this expression is similar to have a drink in English. The second expression is head and Huldah, hedging ADA, and this means to relieve a hangover. The final expression in this lesson is so poor, so poor that or so-called Prada. And we use this expression to talk about making our stomach feel better. Let's begin with hand Jana data. In a hands-on ADA, the literal meaning of hand Jan is one glass. And as you may know already, had means to do so. Han jan Huldah means to do a class. And this expression is similar to to have a drink in English. So using this expression, we can ask the question, do you want to go for a drink by saying Chelmno gay? Han jan, hello. Do you want to have a drink tonight? Do you want to go for a drink tonight? Tanya, Gaia hand Jana law. So we use head-on with a verb ending a leg, which can be used to ask the question to u1 to. Additionally, we can also use hands-on header to say that you had a drink last night. So if someone asks what you did last night and you want to tell them that you had a drink? You can say all jump by man, hands-on has saw. I had a drink last night. All Japan. Hands-on, s-a. So hands-on Huldah can be used to refer to having a drink in a general sense. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. They hands-on, how do you want to have a drink tomorrow? David Hand Jana. Toy, soldier, hands-on Allah. Do you wanna go for soda on Saturday? Toyota soldier internally, Sui De hands-on. He saw I had a drink on Wednesday, COPD a hands-on ESA tomorrow hand Janice saw I had a drink on the weekend. Tomorrow, hands-on ESA. So as you can see in this last question, We can add what kind of drink in front of han jan. Also, we may refer to specific days like Tojo ill or weekends tumor, or specific time of the day such as Charniak. We have to use them with the particle air, which means on or act. However, with words like owner, meaning today or daily meeting tomorrow, we don't need to use the particle air. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Tanya, Toyota soldier angina. And Jan has saw sued a hands-on ESA. Esa. That was great, well-done. Now, once you have an eye town the next day, you might suffer from a bit of a hangover. And hangover in Korean is Sushi. Sushi. And in Korea, we have a verb we use to talk about alleviating problems related to Suchi, such as headache or an upset stomach. And that verb is head Jang ADA. Has an ADA literally means to relieve a hangover. So after nights out, you might say to your friend, Hey Jang had Alcazar, let's go and relieve our hangover. Hezekiah had archives and Koreans will relieve their hangover, usually with a hot and spicy soup base. This this dish is called hedge Bangkok, hedge Hancock. And there are even restaurants that specialize in heijunka, OK. Now a similar expression to hedge Jang add-on is so poor that or schoolgirl Prusa, soap is a general noun that means inside. But we can also use salt to refer to people stomach. And the verb prudent, as we learned before, has many different uses. And one of them is to untie something. So when we say prudent, it means to untie our stomach, as in untie that damage done to our stomach. This damage can refer to some kind of illness, but also the damage done by drinking. And using that, we can also say. So prologue, let us go and relieve our stomach less going relieve our hangover. So prologue ITA. So both, hey Zhang at that end. So prove that can refer to making our hangover better. But soap PER that focuses more on helping our insides feel better. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences that use hedging add-on n. So CPU that repeat after me. Hey Jang adult Keita. Headline nano Keita. So prologue ITA. So prologue. Great efforts at a well-done. Ok, so today we learned how to talk about drinking using hands-on, head-on. And we learn two ways of talking about making our hangover better using head dang add-on and sopra that in the next lesson, we're going to learn useful expressions to talk about what we really want and things we're sick of. Season again, bye bye. 29. 당기다, 질리다, 지겹다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn useful expressions we can use to talk about things we really want and things we are sick of. The first expression is Tanguy that, Tanguy that, and we use this verb to talk about things we really want. Things were in the mood for. And then we learn to verbs we can use to talk about things we don't want any more things. We're sick of, things we're bored of. They are cheerleader, cheerleader and Jacob. Jacob that let's begin with Tanguy. They're the most common use of Tanguy that is to talk about pulling something. But we also use this verb to talk about things and people we really like and food we crave. When we use Tanguy that to talk about wanting and liking someone or something. We're not talking about things we like generally, but rather something that we want and like at that particular moment. So we use Tanguy that to describe being drawn to as in being pulled to someone or something because we're in the mood for that particular person or thing. For example, let's say that although you have lots of close, if you want to say that on that particular day, there is nothing you like to wear in your wardrobe. Then you can say then Guinean or she observed, I don't have any clothes I like. I don't have anything to wear. Then Guinean or shelfs are. So we use the adjective form of Tanguy that Tang Guinean to talk about not liking or wanting to wear anything in the wardrobe that particular day. Now as you heard already in speech, pang in Tanguy, that is often pronounced as bang. So this sentence in speech is generally pronounced as then Guinean or shops are, then Guinean or shops are rather than Pangasinan or shop cell. Now, to give you another example of using this verb, if your friend asks you what kind of food you want for dinner, and you really crave Chinese food. You can say Django. I crave Chinese food to Google Michigan. Then go. In this sentence we used a casual form of Tanguy that Tanja, but as mentioned before in speech, Tang is generally pronounced as Deng. So it's danger. Danger. Also, when we talk about foods we crave, we have to use the subject particles e or car and not the topic particles in. And let's take a look at few more examples sentences. Then Guinean, somebody upset. I don't have any shoes are like, then generation by the opposite. Then Guinean Paget gulps or I don't have any trousers or like, then Guinean patchy gulps are tackled. The Missy get NGA. I crave Thai food. Take a woman, she gave Tanga. Phi got Tanga, I crave pizza, Pizza got then go. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Then Guinean, OCI, then Guinean somebody. Then Guinean party Gulp saw Tanga takeover Michigan, Fengjia, pizza tengo. That was great, well done. The second expression in this lesson is to leader. And we use Chile that to say that we've been doing something for too long, eating the same thing for too long, or been with someone for too long. So we're sick of them. They are not what we want anymore. So if you ate the same salad for lunch for a long time and you're sick of that food. You can say e cellular deleterious. I'm sick of this salad. You sell all day to Yaso. To say that we're cheerleader with something. We use the particle air. But when we refer to being sick of people or animals, we use Hunter. Here's an example sentence. Now I'm judging wanted Cheerios. I'm sick of my boyfriend. Now I'm judging one tesla saw. So to say that we're sick of my boyfriend, a person, we use the particle hunter. Here are two more example sentences. I'm sick of studying. Kuwait, Nigeria saw no untouched. Yaso, I'm sick of you. Don touchless are. The final sentence is a bit harsh, but let's practice the sentences using to lead that. Repeat after me. E cellular, TSR. Now I'm judging one, THE non-touch IASA. Excellent effort again, well-done. Now we're going to take a look at one other expression, which we also used to talk about being sick of something. And this is G gap there. The literal meaning of this verb, she gap, that is to be extremely bored of something. But in Korean, we use that in a similar way to cheerleader. However, there is one difference between Chile and she gap that in English, when we say, I am sick of something, we can use either a noun or a gerund after sickle. So we can say, I'm sick of this salad or I'm sick of eating this salad. However, when we use cheerleader, we can only use a noun after cheerleader. E salad. This salad. On the other hand, with chip that we can use both a noun or a gerund. So we can say E seller, the gods Egypt data. I'm sick of this salad is cellos. E cell. Other bonding goes Aedes aegypti. I'm sick of eating the salad. The seller, the bonding velocity gupta. So as you can see, we can use either a noun or a gerund after checkup that now there are a couple of things to note here. First, with giga, we use the subject particles e or car with whatever we're sick of. Secondly, the gerund plus Subject Particle combination. Cauchy is generally contracted to care in speech. So in speech is more common to say E cell, other bombed, engaged, yotta, ESL Audubon linkage. Let's take a look at two more examples sentences. Yeoja cinguga, she'd go off. I'm sick of my girlfriend, yeoja cinguga isseoyo. Your judging good. Hack in and get xi Galois. I'm sick of going out with my girlfriend. You're judging good hygiene and good shigella. Another quite harsh sentence, but let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using teacup that repeat after me. E cell other than e cellular bonding goes each. Yeoja cinguga, go on. You're judging good hygiene and good she go. Excellent job, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned to talk about things we really like using the verb Pangaea IDA, which is often pronounced as dengue. And we learned to talk about things with sickle using two Leda and she got that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn useful expressions we can use to emphasize the meaning of certain words. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 30. 죽겠다, 미치겠다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn to similar expressions we use to emphasize the meaning of certain words. Now in Korean, when we want to emphasize the meaning of something in a very informal way, we add the phases to get that, to get that, and we get that. We get that. These words combined two parts. The first part are the verbs to that meaning to die, and the descriptive verb, be chit-chat, which means to be crazy. And the second part is this verb ending, kept that. Now this verb ending has various uses. It can be used to refer to the future. And we can also use this verb ending to guess what might be true. But when we combine that with that and beach EDA, the meaning of this verb ending is lost and is used to emphasize the meaning of another word, which is usually a descriptive verb or an adjective like word. Here are two example sentences. Without Gesso. I'm so scared. Bourgeoisie, Kessel, gopal be chiggers saw, I'm so hungry. Pebblepad be chiggers saw. When we use to get that and BCCI get that with descriptive verbs, we use the cause and effect particle or saw as R. So the literal meaning of the sentences are, I'm so scared that I think I'm going to die. And I'm so hungry that I think I'll go crazy. However, in essence, the use of to get that and mitigate that is similar to the English adverbs, so and vary in everyday speech, saw is often omitted. Let's take a look at few other example sentences. Magic, key over to guess. The puppies so cute, cannot jiggle Quaoar to guess are now hinder arch Gesso. I'm so tired. Da, him draw to gesso. Narayanan, ek me to Y B TSR. I loved this game so much. Nanny came into our beaches, saw that Paul also be CSR. I'm so hot that holes will be Chickasaw. Now, we can also use to get that and get that with verbs like, chore to like, and shelter to hate. And the reason is because we can create how much we like or hate something. So these verbs are gradeable, just like the descriptive verbs, which function like adjectives. However, we don't use to get that and get that with action verbs. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences using to get that and mitigate that. Repeat after me. Buddha or to guess. Chronological Kyoto, guess saw him draw to gesso. Paco Palm Beach, CSR. Danny came into a b chiggers saw that toes or be Chickasaw. Excellent efforts that I wrote on. Okay, so this was a rather short lesson, but today we learned to use to get that and mitigate that to emphasize the meaning of descriptive verbs, as well as gradeable verbs like chore and shelter. In the next lesson, we're going to learn some useful expressions. We can say using the word ill. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 31. 무슨 일이야? 무슨 일 있었어? 무슨 일이 점 있었어: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn some useful expressions we can use with friends using the word ill. Now the word, it has many different uses, is often used to talk about our jobs, the work we do. However, another common way of using it is to talk about a particular situation in our lives, or just generally something that we did. And when we use it with the verbs EDA and that we can form various useful expressions. First, we can ask the question, what's going on like this? Mucin EDR, what's coming on? Muslim media? Now the literal translation of this question can be, what's going on in your life or what's the matter. But the question is used to mean, What's Going On. One thing to know regarding this expression is that we only use this question when we see somewhat unexpectedly or someone calls us on the phone unexpectedly. For example, if you knew that your friend was busy, but then he gives you call unexpectedly, then you might ask Muslim area. Lydia. And this question has the nuance of asking, hey, what's going on, why are you calling me? And another question we can ask in a similar way is when media, what's going on? When Lydia, and in this question, when is a shortened form of G then, or Otto Hahn? Which means what? And since boson also means what, these two questions effectively have the same meaning. Ok, so with that in mind, let's now do a speaking practice of these two questions. Repeat after me. Boson media, media. Media. When media. That was great, well-done. Now, another way of using it is to ask, did something happen? And this question is loosened nearly SASA, does something happen? And we can ask this question in many different situations. So if a fan turns up late to a meeting, if you see a friend with a worried look on our face, you can ask mucin neediest SASA, mucin neediest RSA. And in everyday speech, we often omit the particle e. So we ask, busyness, ASA wasn't nearly SASA. Now, one thing to note regarding this question is that depending on where we put the stress, boson can mean what or something. So in this question, the stress is primarily placed in the verb is Ceasar. So mucin means something. And the question means, did something happen? I yes or no question. Listen to the question one more time. Wasn't nearly SASA wasn't nearly as SASA. On the other hand, if we place a secondary stress on mucin, then mucin means watts. And the question means what happened? A W-H word question. Listen to this question. Wasn't nearly as SASA, wasn't nearly as OSA. So do note that if we only stressed a verb, then we form a yes or no question. Whereas if we stress the question word, it becomes a W-H word question. Now, this pattern of forming different questions by placing stress in different places can be applied with other question was in Korean to listen to the two contrasts One more time. Wasn't nearly SASA. Mucin, neediest ASA, ASA. Asa. Okay, so let's now practice asking these questions. Repeat after me. Muslim neediest SASA wasn't nearly as SASA. Mucin neediest Ceasar. Wasn't it? Is SASA. Excellent job, well-done. Now, let's say that you turned up late to a meeting or you're really worried about something and your friend asked you, was in nearly SASA. In such situations, we can say something came up or something happened. And to do that, we basically say the same sentence structure as the question, but with a falling tone at the end to form a declarative statement. So we can say wasn't nearly jom is Ceasar. Something came up, something happened. Muslim lineage AMI Ceasar. And in a declarative sentence structure, it's more common to use it with a particle e. And we often add the word Chaum, which means a little to make the statement come across less direct. So this is a sentence we can say when we want to just let the other person know that something happened in our day that made us late or that made us worried. Okay, so let's practice saying that something happened or something came up. Repeat after me. Wasn't nearly Xiaomi Ceasar wasn't nearly join me. Ceasar wasn't nearly Jeremy Ceasar. Great efforts today, well-done. Okay. So in today's lesson, we learned to ask what's going on. Did something happened? What happened? And something happened? Something came up using the word here. In the next lesson, we're going to learn it too useful expressions using the noun Saudi, which means sound. See you sin again, but why? 32. 무슨 소리, 딴 소리: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn to useful expressions using the word Saudi, which means sound. The first expression is bosons, howdy? Boson, Saudi. And we use this expression to ask what someone is talking about to ask for clarification. The second expression is Ban Saudi tans OD, which refers to someone's remark as being irrelevant. Okay, so let's begin with mucin Saudi, the two words that make up bosons, howdy? Boson meaning what, and Saudi meaning sound. And we can use this phrase in its literal meaning to ask, What is that sound, bosons or idea? However, we can also use bosons Audi, to ask for clarification on what someone has said. Quite often when we asked for clarification using bosons haughty, we're expressing an element of surprise at what was said. For example, if your friend abruptly tells you that he is going to quit his job and become a yoga instructor. You might say to your friend, cougar bosons or DR. What are you talking about? Korea bosons idea in the sentence Qj, shortened form of a kook IC refers to what the friend has said. And we use bosons Audi to ask for clarification on our friends sudden announcement. When we ask this question, we can often use my Instead of Saudi to ask the same question. So we could ask cookie, bosom Madea, career bosom Medea. And this has the same meaning as kg. Okay, so let's practice asking, What are you talking about using bosons, Audi and Muslim man. Repeat after me. Bosons or the bosons or the cookies, bosom Medea. Could the abuser Maria? That was great, well-done. Now the second expression in this lesson is Fans already. In this word, tan refers to something irrelevant and Saudi, which we learned already, means sound. And then so they can be used in two ways. It can refer to someone's remark as being irrelevant to the current situation, or someone going back on what was already agreed. For example, if you and your friends are talking about football, but then one of your friends brings up Gulf. You can say to that friend, Dan Saudi Haji bar, don't say something irrelevant. Benzodiazepines. Now, we can also use Dan's already when someone says something that goes back on what was already agreed. For example, imagine that you and your friend Min Zu agreed to help another friend with moving home. You're about to go and help your friend, but benzo feigns that he has a back pain and tries to back out. In this situation, you can say to Min Zu, Dan zodiac Humana, go Pala, stop lying and come quickly. Tanzania, Humana copilot. So in this situation, ten Saudi refers to bins or lying or trying to get out of what he agreed to do. Now in both sentences than Saudi can mean something irrelevant or someone going back on the agreement. So understanding Tanzania as meaning one or the other depends on understanding the context. Tansley is generally quite an informal word, so it's commonly used between friends, but not when you need to be respectful. Also, although we can use Dan with by and say Dan man is more common to use Dan with Saudi and say Dan Saudi. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences that use than Saudi. Repeat after me. Dance or the Haji bar. Times only has ten Saudi command now, go dance or the command I go badly. Excellent efforts at a well-done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned to use bosons, Saudi, or bosom to ask for clarification. And we also learned to use Dan's OD to refer to an irrelevant remark. Oh, someone going back on what they agreed. In the next lesson, we'll learn an adjective that means useless in Korean, and an expression we use when someone does or says something unexpectedly. See you sin again. Bye-bye. 33. 쓸데없는, 뜬금없다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn two very useful everyday expressions we can use in Korean. The first expression is sitting there on men serotonin, which is an adjective meaning useless. And the second expression is then gum up that. Then gum up that, which we used the state that someone does or says something unexpectedly. Let's begin with seldom then, silt them. Then is an adjective meaning useless, and its descriptive verb is still there up that. Now silt dominant is an adjective that can be used just like his English word. So if you have a book that is of no use to you, then you can refer to it as Sit down and check a useless book. However, the use of this adjective is far more common in Korea than in English. And we often use this adjective with nouns like Meyer, meanings speech, Saudi, meaning sound, sang, Gag Meaning thought, and chip, meaning action to refer to useless or unnecessary words, thoughts and actions. To illustrate how we use this word, imagine that your friend works as an accountant. Might sound like a boring job, but he has a high paying job and is regarded very highly. And his workplace. However, he's always dreamed of living abroad somewhere hot and sunny and close to the beach. He tells you that he's thinking of quitting his job and moving to forget in Thailand to work as a diving instructor. When you hear this, you think is throwing everything away. So you might say to him, sit down then sangha Haji, but don't think about useless things. Don't have useless thoughts. Sit down and Sanger category. So because you think you would be giving up a really good situation he's in, you think what is thinking is unnecessary, useless. So you might say something like this. And in this situation, we could use Saudi or by instead of sangha to refer to what the friend has said. So we could say, sit down, don't say useless things, sit down no matter how g bar. Additionally, if a friend says that he might send a birthday card to his x, then we might say to the friend, sit down and just algebra. Don't do such useless thing. Sit down and GTG bar. Chit is a noun that refers to one's action. So we use Git to refer to my friend's idea of sending his X a birthday card. However, do note that the word cheap is a very informal word, so we should only be used with friends and never when we need to be respectful. So do keep in mind that sit down then is used with nouns like Sang, Jack, Saudi, buyer, and chit. Talk about useless or unnecessary thoughts was an actions. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences using silt Elman. Repeat after me. Sit down then sang god, cert, they'll sit down. Sit down and GTG. That was great, well-done. Now, the second expression we're going to learn in this lesson is the verb. Then gum up that, then gum up that. Now in terms of pronunciation, that Dean button in the first syllable is pronounced as an IAM. So this is then gum up there, then gum up there, then glom up. That is a verb we use to refer to something someone does or says, which is completely out of the blue, unexpected. To illustrate how we use this word, if we go back to the accountant friend who told us that he wanted to quit his job to move to forget and work as a diving instructor. We might say to him, then gum up, she could get bosons or the air out of the blue. What are you talking about? Then gum up, she could get bosons area. So in this sentence, we changed the verb, then boom up to his adverb form, then go mushy to emphasize how sudden and out of the blue my friends remark is. And we use this phrase, cougar mucinous earlier, which we learned in an earlier lesson. Now to give you another example of how this verb can be used. If a female students suddenly are some male teacher, whether he has a girlfriend or not in the class, we can say, heck, saying it till Mooney, think them upset that the students question was out of the blue hacks saying HE upset that. So we can say that something was unexpected out of the blue using things him upset that. Here are two more example sentences following this second sentence pattern. Surprisingly mare Ted Abby, absurd that the teacher's answer was out of the blue. Something they met had diabetes and Gamov sorta been Suez who Shigeo Shingo mobs at their news of Min Zu was out of the blue. Min Zu associate Kipling gammas there. Okay, let's do a speaking practice of the sentences that use things come up that repeat after me. Then gum up. She could get bosons aria thing, gum up, she could get hacked, saying it to Mooney. Sounds actually meditate IB, finger mops up there. Beans WHO S wish cheeky thing, gum offset their excellent efforts at a well-done. In today's lesson, we learned to talk about useless and unnecessary words, thoughts, and actions using suit Amnon. And we also learned to say that someone's words or actions are unexpected out of the blue using, then gum up that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to talk about successes and failures in Korean. See you then. Bye-bye. 34. 잘 나가다, 망하다: Hi everyone. In this lesson we're going to learn how to talk about successes and failures in Korean. The first expression is tired daga, daga. Daga, daga, which we use to talk about something or someone being successful. And the second expression is man had manga that which we use to talk about failures. Let's begin with Tagalog at that. Now, in terms of pronunciation, in fast speech, that in that is often pronounced as a little sound. So it's catalog at that time, lag add-on. Now this word is made up of two words. Chiral, meaning well, and NACADA, which is a verb meaning to go out or to leave. Now we can of course use this expression to literally mean to leave well or to go out well. But this expression can also be used to mean that something or someone is successful or popular. To give you some examples of how we use this phrase. If you heard from a friend that another friend, Min Zu, whom you haven't seen in awhile is doing well in his job and earning a lot of money. You can say Min Xun in your gym, Taliban, their menses doing well these days. Min Zu, successful these days. Medicine and yojeum tell Logan them. So we use Tagalog or with a verb ending in there, which we use to talk about things we have heard from other people. And in this sentence that is used to talk about our friend Min Zu being successful. However, as well as things and people doing well and successful, we can also refer to something being popular. And we can use this phrase to refer to certain items on restaurant menus being popular, or certain items of clothing being popular in a store. So if you're in a shoe shop and you want to know which, use a popular with the customers. You can ask or done somebody Tagalog, which choose a popular or touching body tag. So TLA goddamn can be used to talk about someone doing well or successful, but also something being popular in shops and restaurants. So we can often use this phrase to ask for recommendations in shops and restaurants. Here are a few other examples sentences, Shinzen and your gym tan login there. Shinjuku is doing well these days. Shinzen and huge them to login there. Banana in your gym, tan login there. Mrna is doing well these days. Banana and yojeum town Logan there. Autonomously, child logo, which closer popular. Autonomously. Or done your regards her logo. Which dishes popular? Auto, new regards, hand legato. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using Tagalog other, repeat after me. Means and then yojeum, Tagalog and then Shinzen and huge him to login, then manana neutron to login, then our HTN, somebody tan libel, autonomous, each had lab I, L. L. Excellent job, well done. Let's now look at how we talk about failures using the word Magna Carta. Masada is a verb which can be used to talk about individuals and organizations going bankrupt. However, another common way of using this verb is to talk about screwing things up or failing things in general. For example, if you think you did terribly in an exam, you can say Xiaomi one, John bang SR. I totally screwed up my exam. I totally failed my exam. She armor one, John Mang SR. So in this sentence, we use MAN ADA to talk about doing badly in an exam. However, we can also use this verb to talk about just failing something, just not being able to do something. Well. So let's say that you're making a paper S1, but halfway through it, you realize that you've completely messed it up. Then you can say, Igor, bang it that I screw this up. I've ruined this ego, bang it there. So whether it's an important test or just something trivial, like making a papers one. If you think you've made a mess of it, failed it, then you can use the verb Baghdadi. Here are a few more examples sentences. Young Jabba, one, John Mang SR. I screwed up the interview. W1, W1 John. When John Milner, Xiaomi one Jump manga, sir, I screwed up the driving test. When gemellus Yammer wonder Mung I saw you could im Monat that. I ruin this drawing. You could in buying it that either I ruin this Reimann, Eli me, I'm buying it there. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using Manga. Repeat after me. One John saw beyond job, everyone saw me. Anastasio may wonder manga saw Igor bang it that E, E Lambda magnet. That great effort today and well done. Okay, So today we learned to use Tagalog ADA to talk about someone or something doing well, being successful, and also some product or some dish being popular in a store or in restaurants. We then learned to use Baghdadi to talk about making a mess of something or failing at something. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two expressions we can use to show our appreciation for someone's efforts. See you in that lesson. Bye bye. 35. 고생하다, 애쓰다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn to useful expressions we can use to show our appreciation of someone's hard work. Now the most common expression we use to show our appreciation for someone's hard work is pseudo header. So if we want to show our appreciation for someone's hard work, we can say Sukh or has soil or pseudo hashes soil if we're talking to people with seniority. However, in this lesson, we're going to explore two other expressions we can use to show our appreciation for someone's efforts. The first expression is core sang hadn't causing hada. And this verb means to go through a hardship, difficulty. And the second expression is S, S Sudan. And this means to work hard to make an effort. So let's begin with causing had that. Now as mentioned already, the literal meaning of causing EDA is to go through a hardship, to go through a difficult period. And we can use this expression literally to describe someone going through a difficult period in life. However, although the meaning of this word seems quite extreme, causing ADA doesn't always have to be used to talk about serious situations. And its use is actually very common in everyday situation. For example, if you had several project deadlines the week before and had to stay up late several nights to get the work done. You can say to your friend that she non-Jewish Army Chung causing SR. I had a tough time last week. I went through a lot last week. Now Cheonan Joanne Armstrong who sang a song. So to say that you went through a difficult time, you can use causing ADA. And when we talk about a difficult time in the past, we use the past of causing, causing headband. However, another common use of cosine theta is to show appreciation for someone's hard work similar to souk or had that. For example, if you take a long flight to Korea to visit a friend, when you're landing Korea, your friend might say to you all knew that cosine ASR, thanks for coming. Thanks for making the effort to come wounded our cosine SR. In this sentence, the verb or that, which means to come, is combined with muda, which means because to mean and because you came here. So the literal translation of this sentence is you went through difficulty because you came here. And we can use this sentence to show our appreciation for someone's efforts in doing something. Let's take a look at few more examples sentences or J on Tang causing SR. I had a tough time yesterday. Now all Jerome Cheng using SR. Now owner on Chung who sang a song. I had a tough time today. Now owner on Chung who sang a song. Khumbu handed Husseini SR. Thanks for studying. Thanks for making the effort to study congruent Husseini SR chunks or ended up causing a SAR. Thanks for cleaning. Thanks for working hard to clean. Chunks are ended. Our closing SR. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. 4m Chang Qu Zheng, SR, Nazi non-Jewish Army Chung causing SR. Now all j on Chong causing SR now own their own Chung who sang a song. Or nearby causing SR. Khumbu saw tongs or under our closing is excellent job well-done. Okay, so let's now look at the second expression, S sudan. S sudan means to work card exerts a lot of energy to do something. And we can use as Sudan to simply describe someone exerting a lot of energy doing something. But we can also use it like causing Hadar to show our appreciation for someone's hard work. For example, if a student's studies really hard to improve her grades, then we can say hacks, singing songs, yoga, or leaky. We assert that the student worked hard to improve her grades. Hacks saying is Hong juggled or legal? We assert that the verb or lead, that means two raise to lift up. But we can also use this verb to talk about improving grades. So in this sentence we use the past of Sudan sadat to talk about the student working hard to improve our grades. However, as mentioned already, we can also use S Sudan to show appreciation for someone's hard work. For example, after the student has improved her grades, the mother might want to show appreciation to a daughter. So she might say Songjiang or limit our Assad that well-done on improving your grades. Songjiang or Linda Asada. In this sentence, we use S Sadat to show appreciation for someone's efforts similar to causing hadn't. Okay, so let's take a look at few other example sentences. Be Nagar cheap chunks or hacky way, Assad they're, mena worked hard to clean the house. Be now got cheap chunks or argue VA S dot, that means UGA Tong Zheng Fu curiae S sub data bins who worked hard to help his younger sibling, beans UGA Tong Zheng to Assad they're cheap Chang's or under that S sought their well-done on cleaning the house. Chuang Zao ended our Assad data. Tong Zheng Assad, they're well done on helping your younger sibling, Tong Zheng to Marat as sot there. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using Sudan. Repeat after me. Huck, saying is Hong joke or leaky. We saw me now got cheap chunks or argue via Assad, that means forgotten Zang Song Zhao Gu Linda. Chip chunks or under I assert their Tong Zheng era as sub they're excellent efforts at a well-done. Ok. So today we learned to use causing either to talk about going through a hardship and S Sadat, talk about making effort to do something. And we also learned to use these expressions to show our appreciation for someone's efforts, as mentioned already. So go ahead. That is the most commonly used expression to show our appreciation for someone's hard work. However, the key difference between Sugata and these expressions that while Sugata can be used to show our appreciation with anyone, including strangers and friends and family. Causing ADA and SCR are only used when showing our appreciation to our friends, family, or work colleagues. We don't use these expressions with strangers, so do keep that in mind. Okay, so in the next unit, we're going to start learning expressions related to specific nouns. And we'll focus on the noun Xing Yang In the next lesson. See you sin again, bye-bye. 36. 신경 쓰다, 신경 끊다, 신경이 곤두서다: Hi everyone and welcome back. Now the noun Xing Yang means nerves. So the field of medicine urology is called Xing Yang Guang. However, another use of Xing Yang is to refer to how one shows interest and care for something, but also how one feels about something. And based around these definitions, we're going to learn how to say think about something Xing Yang Siddha, Xing Yang Sudan. To stop thinking about something Xing Yang Xing Gang Canton and how to say to be on the edge, shingle me Kunduz out there. Syngamy Kunduz are there. So let's begin with the first expression, Xing Gang Sudan. Sudan is a verb that means to use. So the literal meaning of Xing Yang Sida is to use one's interest and care in something. However, we also use Xing Yang Sida to say that someone thinks about something or shows interest and care for something. Xing Yang Sudan generally implies that someone thinks about something or shows interesting, careful something too much and unnecessarily. For example, if your friend Min Zu had a small argument with his mom in the morning and thinks about that argument all day long, then we can say to been X2 or Moran's sound goes at a DOM washing Jiang CDMA. Stop thinking about the argument with your mom so much. Or Maran sound goes dead or machine young CGB ha. So this sentence means that Min Zu is thinking about his argument with this monk too much. So we think that he should stop thinking about it because it's not doing him any good. However, we can also use Xing Yang Sadat in a more positive way. Xing Yang Sudan can be used to describe how one thinks a lot about something for the benefit of others. For example, if Min Zu Wen, above and beyond in preparing food for dinner party. And everyone was really impressed with how thorough Robbins who was. Then we could say bins Ugarit, Xing Yang, Minnesota. Min Zu paid a lot of attention, means a thought about everything. A lot means to dashing young man he sought there. So we can use Xing Yang Sudan in the sentence to show our recognition. That means who thought a lot about preparing food for all the guess. And it shows in the food he prepared. So we can use Xing Yang Sadat in both positive and negative ways. Let's take a look at few more examples sentences. She Ahmed there, Domo Xing Yang, CG bar. Stop thinking about the exam so much. Xiaomi dead on Washington City Bar. Damn judging wedded or machine gang City Bar. Stop thinking about your boyfriends so much. Damn judging whether DOM washing young city Baja, we now gushing young man, he sought to be Nas thought about everything a lot. Be Nagar Xing Yang Minnesota, Suchi gushing young Minnesota. Suzy thought about everything a lot. Suchi gushing Young Money sought that. Ok, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using Xing Yang Sida. Repeat after me. Dom whooshing young city by Omar sound goes almost Xing Yang, Xiaomi, dad or mushing youngsters. Damn judging whether DOM wishing young city bar means UGA single, mean Augustinian. Suchi gushing young Minnesota. Excellent job, well-done. Now to say that someone doesn't care or stops caring, we can use Sadat in its negative form. However, we can also use another verb, can tack to talk about stop caring and to stop thinking about something. Guten tag is a verb that's used in various contexts to mean to stop something, to cut something, or to quit something. So it generally has the meaning of ending something. Now to give an example of how we use this verb with Xing Yang. If my mother always asked about my exams to the point where it really annoys me. Then I might say to my mom, chair Xiaomi De Xing Yang canola, stop worrying about my exams. Chair Xiaomi dashing young canal. Now, one thing to note with a verb is that when we tell someone to stop caring about something using the verb it can tag, we are showing our displeasure of someone showing too much interest. We think the other person is overbearing and their interest is annoying us. However, if we use city map to say, stop thinking about something, he can come across as being caring, as we don't want the other person to worry about something too much. But depending on the tone, it can be used like Quinta and show our displeasure of someone showing too much interest. So if I say chair Xiaomi De Xing Yang city Bahasa, then it means that we don't want the other person to worry about something on necessarily. Whereas if I say to Xiaomi, dashing oxygen passe. And this tone shows our displeasure of someone showing too much interest. So do keep in mind of these differences. Let's take a look at some example sentences. Chair bodies tidy the Xing Gang canola. Stop worrying about my hairstyle. Say bodies tidy, dashing young canal. Their songs, yoga dashing young cannot stop worrying about my graze. Their songs yoga dashing young, uno. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences using single contact. Repeat after me. Single Ghanaian chair, Xiang Xing Gong canola. Chair bodies tied it as there is Songjiang dashing gone canal. That was great, well done. Now the final expression in this lesson is Singal Ni Kunduz. Are that NOW condos or that is not a common verb. But we can use it to talk about has on our bodies standing tall. So when we use Kunduz Hadassah with Xing Yang, It means that our nerves, our feelings are standing tall, implying that my mind is standing and not resting. So we use this phrase, syngamy Kunduz, harder to describe being on the edge when you're mind can not rest because your mind is thinking about something constantly. For example, if you had a really important sales presentation to do and the deal was worth millions for your company, then you might think about it non-stop the day before. In such case, we might say that Xing Yang he won Johnny Kunduz or saw, I'm completely on the edge. My mind is completely on the edge. Szent-gyorgyi one johnny can do so-so, so using Kunduz, how we're implying that because I'm thinking about something nonstop, my mind is restless, that my mind is not at is it's on the edge. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of using single Ni conduits. Are that repeat after me? Xing Yang Ni Kunduz conducive syngamy one, johnny Kunduz or saw Xing Yang E1 Johnny Kunduz are so fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned three different ways of using shingle to say that we think about and care about something too much to stop carrying about something. And to be on the edge for one's mind to be restless. And these expressions we're seeing young Siddhartha, Xing Yang contact and syngamy Kunduz are there. In the next lesson, we're going to learn some useful expressions using the word didn't cheat. Season again, bye-bye. 37. 눈치를 보다, 눈치가 보이다: Hi everyone. Over the next two lessons we're going to learn some useful expressions related to the noun noon q0. The noun didn't. She refers to one's ability to understand someone's mind, even without being told what the other person is thinking or feeling. And didn't. She can also refer to being able to understand the situation without much prior knowledge about that situation. And how we use non ci can vary depending on the verbs they use with. So in this lesson, we learn two ways of using. The first expression is, don't cheat a Prada, didn't see the report that. And this expression means to be mindful of other people's feelings and attitudes because we want to act in the right way. The second expression is doing Ci, poet IDA doing Chicago EDA. And we use this expression to talk about caring about all being bothered by what other people think of us. Let's begin with. Poor data. In dune shader Podeh Padang means to c. So when it combines with dongxi, It means to see or be mindful of other people's thoughts, feelings, and attitudes. And often we are mindful of people's thoughts and attitudes because we're shy, self-conscious or guilty about something we have done. For example, even though you have told you're shy friend to make himself comfortable while you get ready to go out. Your friends sits by the TV looking very uncomfortable because your mum's also there reading a magazine. You clearly know that he's uncomfortable being in the same room as your mother. So to tell him not to worry about your mother, you might say dongxi embattled, hey, you don't have to be shine funds have my mama. You don't have to be careful in front of my mom. Real modern sham, but oh, they're now doing cheap or that can be quite difficult to translate in English. But in this sentence, it refers to the friend being mindful of the mumps presence in the room. So we use the negative form to say that the friend doesn't have to be shy or worry about my mother being in the same room. He can be more comfortable. He can be himself. Now as well as being shy. We often use don't shudder poor that when we've made someone upset by doing something wrong and we don't want to make the situation any worse. For example, let's say that my wife is upset with me because I didn't do something I promised. And in this situation, if my friend called me to see if I can come out and play golf and have to be careful to see what my wife would say to this. So in response, I might say to my friend, bungee chip Saddam, don't shudder via their first, I have to check on my wife's mood. Bungee chip surrounded by are there. So in this sentence, we can say that I have to watch my wife's Munshi, meaning that I have to be mindful of a feelings and attitudes, makes sure that she would be okay with this before agreeing to play golf with my friend. So don't ship a product can be used to talk about being mindful of people's feelings and attitudes. Because we're shy or because we've done something wrong and the other person is upset with us. Here are few more example sentences. Hoodie on needn't CI, and bad old air. You don't have to be shy in front of my sister. Really on needing shadowed. Would he hung done sham but you don't have to be shy in front of my brother. Would he, Yangon sham biodata, mon jars hunting Nim, don't Chido upaya there. First, I have to check the teacher's mood. Mondo Zhan Zheng him don't shudder via their Monte Dam judging Goodwin chitter upaya there. First, I have to check on my boyfriend's mood. Mondo, damn, judging Goodwin Chido via their okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of using dune Chido por that. Repeat after me. Rehomed ci Umberto tear. Maria needn't cheap and bad. Would he hung don't sham biodata, bond jar, chip, sad, I'm doing cheddar. One Johnson's via their Mohenjo Daro judging good until via there. That was excellent, well-done. Now, the second expression is doing poorly data. And we use this expression to talk about caring about what people think of us. Now the meaning of dune Shiga and doing Chido por that can be a little confusing, but don't shudder report. That is more to do with being careful of people's feelings and attitudes as you want to act appropriately. On the other hand, doing Chicka point is more to do with caring about what people think. You're more concerned about how you'll be judged by others. For example, in Korea, it's very difficult for workers to leave work before their immediate supervisors do. So, even though their work is done, workers tend to stay in the office until their supervisors leave. So when a friend asked why you couldn't leave the office earlier, you might say Cezanne named cigar pools are is because of my boss, because of what my boss would think Sassanian doing Shiga boilers are. So we use dune Shigao Podeh to talk about carrying about what my boss were. Think of me if I left early. Now, to give you another example, let's say that you've been invited to your boss's daughter's wedding and at the reception, there's free alcohol everywhere. But you don't want to make a bad impression. So you stick to soft drinks. When another colleague asks you why you're not drinking, you say, didn't Shigao wheels are Bill Massey, GSA. I can't drink because of what people will think. Doing Chicago Ursa will magic SR. So in this sentence, we use do to talk about carrying about what people would think. And that is the reason why I cannot drink alcohol at the wedding. Let's take a look at few more example sentences. Min Zu doing Shigao pools are because of what Menes who will think means are doing cigar workers are permanent, doing Shigao pools are because of what my parents were think Poonam doing Shiga wars are doing Chicago. Chicago Asa, I can't go because of what people would think doing Shiga worse or Gaga saw doing Chicago was saga. So I can't buy this because of what people would think doing Chicago was homozygous saw. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences using doing Shigao. Repeat after me. Sijang Nim. Pools are Min Zu doing Chicago as our ammonium doing Shiga boys are doing she gap. We also saw doing Chicago also book Gaga saw doing Chicago Booth saga. Excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned to talk about being mindful of people's thoughts and attitudes using doing theatre report that, and caring about what people think using noon. In the next lesson, we're going to learn two other useful expressions using the noun da Vinci. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 38. 눈치가 없다, 눈치가 빠르다: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn another two useful expressions using the noun doing CI. The first expression is doing that. Doing that. And we use this expression to talk about someone not having the sense or awareness of the situation or people's feelings. And the second expression is doing better than doing Chicago pada. Which means that someone has good understanding of people or situation, even without being told about it beforehand. Let's begin with doing Chicka up that doing che, as mentioned in the previous lesson, refers to one's ability to understand someone's mind or the situation, even without much prior knowledge about the person or the situation. So when it's used with a verb op, that didn't check up, that means that the person that lacks disability and that they actually have very poor understanding of people's minds and the situation. For example, imagine that Bina recently broke up with her boyfriend. But suddenly Susie shows up and starts going on about what a great day she had the night before, even though she knows that Mina is still getting over her breakup. In this situation, we can say to Suzy, nor chitchat, don't shop there. You are so senseless. You're so insensitive. Notching javelin shop. So in this sentence, we use don't see Abduh, because Susie has shown absolute lack of awareness of business problem and lack of sensitivity for Minos feelings. Now, when we use up that, we're not saying that the other person is insensitive intentionally and we're not describing that person as being mean. It's more to do with the person not having the awareness of people's feelings or not having the understanding of the people's feelings or the situation. One last point to note is that we can say either do that or just didn't show up that both are correct. Let's practice saying the sentence. Repeat after me. Though. Do not know Chin. No chin. Excellent job, well-done. Let's now look at the second expression, doing she added that. Now the descriptive batter, that means to be quick, to be fast. So when we use do with batter that we're talking about someone being able to understand people's thoughts and the situation very quickly. Even when they haven't been told much information about the person or the situation. For example, let's say that you love buying jeans. And on your shopping trip, you bought another pair of jeans. Without telling your partner. You're going to tell your partner about the genes after dinner. But during the enter, your partner, ask if something's bothering you. You tell your partner that there is nothing wrong, but your partner can sense something is up and asks you if you bought another pair of jeans, you're stunned. So you say to your partner, not chin, just didn't see paradox. You catch on so quickly. You understand things quickly. Notching, shadowing, she patted R. Now, this is a rather difficult sentence to translate into English. But we use dune cheap, badass as we're acknowledging the fact that the other person was able to understand the situation quickly without having any prior knowledge. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentence using cheap patterns that repeat after me. Didn't bother that. Not chin jagged and cheap but not judging chip ba da-da, da-da-da. Great efforts today, well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned talk about having poor understanding of people and situations, using duty up there. And we also learned to talk about being able to understand people and situation quickly without having much prior knowledge using cheap batter that. In the next unit, we're going to learn various expressions using the noun mom, which means one's mind. See you soon again. 39. 마음먹다, 마음이 흔들리다: Hi everyone. Over the next few lessons, we are going to learn various expressions using the noun mom. The noun mom can have various meeting, but one of those is the desire and will to do something. And in today's lesson, we'll learn how to use mom with verbs to talk about our decisions to do something. The first expression is, mom bought that Baum, that. And this is similar to, to make up one's mind in English. So it's used to talk about deciding to do something. The second expression is mao me hinder leader. The leader. And we use this expression to talk about having second thoughts on decisions we have made will begin with Baum buck that in this expression, but that is a verb that means to eat. So the literal meaning of this phrase is to eat one's mind or one's desire to do something. And in Korean, when we have fully decided to do something as a made up our mind to do something. We say mom bought that. For example, if you decide to study hard because your grades have been poor recently, you might say to your friend, Khumbu, ARE shimmy had or Bamaga saw. I made up my mind to study hard. Now convoy shimmy, Aikido, Mombasa. So to say that we've made up our mind to do something. We can use Quito mile Maga cell. Also, we can use Malmo as an adjective. For example, let's say that you decided to go on a diet and lose weight. So you exercise regularly, you've changed your diet and you do everything you can to make it work. But ultimately, you're not losing weight as quickly as you had hoped. When your friend asks you how your diet is going, you might say to your friend, mom, login debt or China. And there it hasn't worked out the way I had decided. I had planned. Mom login that oh, chat on there. So we use mom OK that with the ending then data to mean the way I had decided, the way I had planned. Let's take a look at two more examples sentences for the pattern in sentence one. Tire to how good O Mio moguls saw. I made up my mind to go on a diet, tire target Obama saw yawing Aikido, mile mobile saw. I made up my mind to go traveling. Young guy, good or Bamaga Sol. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Bamaga saw me, how good? Oh, mom oversaw. Theodore Bamaga saw young guy get Obama saw tie. Mom organ that oh, it's had on there. That was excellent, well-done. Let's take a look at the second expression, Miami and the leader. Now, the verb handily that means to be shaken. So when we say mile me, Hindu leader, as in our mind, is shaken. It means that before our mind was made up and things were set in stone. But for whatever reason, our mind is shaken and we're now unsure about the decision that we made. For example, let's say that you were keen to adopt a dog. You've been watching YouTube videos of pet dogs, and I've decided to get a German Shepherd. However, after talking to a neighbor who owns a German Shepherd and hearing about all the mess dogs make and how demanding looking after a dog is, you've become less certain about getting a dog. When you tell your partner that you're thinking about canceling your plans, your partner asks, where mommy hindering IASA. Why are you having second thoughts? Where balmy, 100 Asa. So in this question, we use mommy Hindu leader to ask why the other person is having second thoughts about getting a pet dog. And to give you another example of using this expression, let us say that you wanted to buy a particular car. However, after walking around the car dealership, you become interested in another car. And now you're not sure what car to buy. In this situation, you might say to your friend, balmy, Kindle in there. I can't make up my mind. Mommy, Hindu Berlin there. This time we use the verb ending that, which we use to make factual statements about the present. And the truth is that my mind is shaken. I am unable to make up my mind. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these two sentences. Repeat after me. Where mommy, religiosa, whereby MY hindu IASA, web army hinder IASA. Milo me Hinden, Linda, mommy, hinder, Linda. Mommy, Hindi. Linda. Excellent efforts at a well done. Okay. So in today's lesson, we learned talk about decisions we have made using mom bought that and feeling less sure about our decisions using mile, me and the leader. In the next lesson, we're going to continue on the theme of mom and learn to talk about things and people we like. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 40. 마음이 가다, 마음에 들다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn two very useful expressions to talk about things we'd like using the noun mom. In the previous lesson, we learned that mom can mean someone's desire and will to do something. But another use of mom is to talk about liking something and being interested in something. So the first expression today is bio me cauda mile me CUDA. And it means for someone's interest to be drawn to someone or something. And the second expression is biomass to that biomaterial that, and we use this expression, talk about liking someone or something as they're exactly what we had in mind. Let's begin with mommy cauda. The verb means to go. So this expression means that our mom, meaning our interest, goes to someone or something. So it's used to talk about our feelings of like an interest being drawn to someone or something. We often use mommy CUDA to talk about becoming fond of people or objects. For example, let's say that you are interviewing for a job at your company. And after interviewing a number of candidates, if you like a particular candidate over others, you can say Cheonan a0, b1 and tear mommy. I like this person. Cheonan Ebola Antibody omega L. So for whatever reason, if you like a particular candidate over others, you can use mommy CUDA to say that you'd like that person. Balmy CUDA can also be used to talk about having romantic feelings for people. So if there is a new students at your school you like, then you can say Set on Haxan tear mommy car. I like the new student, said, Oh, an hexagon tab Amika. Additionally, we can use mommy CUDA to talk about liking objects. For example, if you're out shopping for so far, and after sitting on a few sofas, you like one particular so far more than the other ones, then you can say that n e, so Pi Mao Mika, I like this sofa nine, any useful pi umami car. So we can use it to talk about liking objects as well as people. And we can use it to talk about liking people in a general sense. But also romantically. Note that when we talk about liking people, we commonly use the particles hand tear or a gay, which means two. However, when we talk about liking objects, we tend to use the particle air, which also means two. Let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Ta1, then even hand tear bio Micaiah, Cheonan a0b1 into balmy Gaia. Set on hexane and Mao said, Oh, an axon and ten balmy Dannon e, So pi omega Danone. So pi of Amika. Great efforts, well done. The second expression in this lesson is to do that. In this expression, the verb two, that means to enter. So when we say Mao mare to die with saying that something enters our mind. And we use this expressions talk about liking someone or something because they're exactly what we had in mind. For example, if you knew exactly the kind of bag you wanted to buy and you saw that bag in a shop. Then you can say e carbon chin Taobao Ahmed. And this bag is exactly what I had in mind. Ie carbon chin jama mid. And so when something is what you had in mind, you can use this phrase, mom, add to that. And in this sentence we use the verb ending in that, which we use to make factual statements about the present. Additionally, we can use this expression to talk about liking people. For example, let's say that you hired a new employee. Some of the previous highest didn't work out. However, the new person is very hardworking, positive, and really easy to get on with. She's is exactly the person you wanted to hire. In this case. You can say to your colleagues, said on Chugani, Chiang Mai biomed are I really liked the new employee set on Xi Guan each home my mom and dad are. So we can use biomed to that to talk about liking objects and people. And we use this expression to say that we like something or someone because they are exactly what we had in mind. Here are a few more examples sentences. Ie, symbology, jab Ahmed and these shoes are exactly what I had in mind. Ease him by chin jama maiden that each you got chin java med and this wallet is exactly what I had in mind. Eeg cap chin java med and set on Oksung Chung Maya ma made it are I really like the new student, said, ONE accessing each home. My mom ended our SET OUT tongue Momoh method are I really like the new neighbor? Said, oh, knew she told my mom ended our. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. E carbon, Tim, jab, Ahmed, and E symbology in jama maiden that metadata set on Ci Zhuan Yi Chong Muhammed are said oh and Oksung Chung moma method are set o knew she told my mom and dad are excellent efforts today. Well done. Ok. So today we learned to talk about our feelings being drawn to someone or something using mail me CUDA. And we also learned to talk about how someone or something is exactly what we had in mind using Baum heir to that. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to say, we're sad, How to say we feel bad, and how to say we're not worried using the noun, mom. See you soon again. Bye-bye. 41. 마음이 아프다, 마음이 안 좋다, 마음이 놓이다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn how to say that we're sad, we don't feel good. And also to say that we're relieved using the noun bomb. The first expression is Mommy, upper, bound me up for that. And we use this expression to say that we're sad, that we're heartbroken. The second expression is mommy, mommy annual tab. And this is a general expression to say that we feel bad about something. And the third expression is by me, the way that Mommy do ITA. And this means that we're relieved, that we're not worried anymore. We'll begin with bile me up. Put that in this expression are put out is a verb which means to be painful, to hurt. So we commonly use this verb to talk about being in physical pain. However, we can also use this verb to say that our bomb is in pain. And when we say mommy, up to that, it means that we're very sad, that we're heartbroken. So if you see something really sad on TV, you can say, mommy, DOM law, put it breaks my heart. I'm so sad. Mommy, the armoire. Additionally, if your friend Min Zu was heartbroken because he recently broke up with his girlfriend. You might want to tell him not to be so sad. In this situation. We can say DOM Baum, Apache bar, don't be so sad, don't be so upset. The Obama party bar. So we can use this expression to tell someone not to be so sad by saying Mom Apache, where? Now the general descriptive verb for to be sad in Korean is silica that and in many ways the use of balmy and silver that is very similar. However, balmy output that is more to do with being heartbroken. So it expresses a greater degree of sadness than silver that OK, so let's now do a speaking practice of these two sentences. Repeat after me. Mommy, Domo, Bao, Gua, put balmy dom, dom Obama, Apache Beam, normal Obama patch, normal mama, party bar. Great job, well-done. The second expression in this lesson is Mommy and yotta. The verb phrase, annual tab means to be not good. So the literal meaning of balmy and yotta is for our mind to be not good, to be bad. And we use this expression to say that we feel bad about something. So if you forget to call your parents on their birthday or you accidentally get your friend into trouble with the teacher or school. You might say to someone, mommy dhamma and yotta, I feel so bad. I feel terrible. Mommy dhamma and yotta. So we commonly use mommy and yotta to talk about feeling bad because we've done something wrong. However, the situation doesn't always have to be your fault. For example, if your friend Menes, who is depressed after breaking up with his girlfriend and you know that he's sitting at home doing nothing, then you can still say balmy DOM one Joe. This means that you feel bad because you're concerned about your friend. So the same expression, Valmy, normal and can be used to express your feelings of guilt, all concerns for others. Let's do a speaking practice of this sentence. Repeat after me. Mommy. Mommy, DOM and yotta. Balmy, dom and yotta, mommy DOM, one iota. That was excellent wild on. The final expression in this lesson is mommy, DO IDA. The verb, do IDA has many different meanings, such as to be positioned and even to be built. However, when it's used with bomb, it means to feel relieved or to be less worried. For example, let's say that you were worried about your health. But after visiting the doctor, you find out that there is nothing for you to worry about. So to tell your friend that you're relieved or not worried anymore about your health. You can say EJ, Mommy the window. Now I feel relieved. Ej balmy knowing data. So whatever you were concerned with, if you are no longer worried, if you're relieved, then you can say, mommy doing that. Let's do a speaking practice of this sentence. Repeat after me. Borrow me doing that. Ej balmy dwindle. Ej domino in that EJ mommy knowing that fantastic job today, well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned talk about being sad and heartbroken, using Valmy up to talk about feeling bad about something, using mommy and yotta end to talk about feeling relieved, not worried anymore. Using mile me though IDA. Now the noun mom can be used in many different ways in Korean. But in this course, we've focused on learning seven of his most common users. In the next unit, we'll look at various expressions related to the noun Chong. Listen. I'll see you soon in the next lesson. Bye bye. 42. 정신없다, 정신 사납다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn some useful expressions using the noun Cheng Zhe. Chong Jian is a noun that relates to one's mind, spirit, and mental states. So the Korean word for mental health is Chang's in Cancun. However, similar to bomb chunks and can be used where the various verbs to form different expressions. And in today's lesson, we'll learn to useful expressions using this noun. The first expression is chunking up that chunk. And we use this expression to say that we're very busy. And the second expression is chunks in San Chong engines and up there. And we use this expression to describe a situation where you feel like you're losing your mind because the situation is so hectic and chaotic will begin with chunks of that. Now, in this expression, the verb up that simply means to not have. So the literal meaning of Changjiang up that is to not have one's mind. And we can use this expression in two ways. First, we can say that to say that someone is so engrossed in something that they're unable to pay attention to anything else. For example, if your friend Min Zu is playing a new game on his Playstation and is so engrossed in the gain that is unable to do anything else. Then we can say bins and then game and chunks in Uppsala, Min Zu is busy playing games. Mean xenon came under diatomic. So in this sentence we use Zhaung-Zi and to talk about someone not being able to do something because they're totally occupied in something else. However, we can also use Chang's enough data to say that things are hectic, that we're really busy swamped. So if we're really busy at work, then we can say his eyes are chunks in Uppsala. I'm swamped at work. Now has ISR Jiangxi nops are. So as demonstrated by these two examples that can be used to say that we're not able to focus on anything else because we are completely engrossed in something, or just that we're really, really busy. Here are a few other examples sentences being Zun Chong Zhi. Min Zu is busy studying benzene and congruent. Vinson and urea ended at Zhang. Min Zu is busy cooking, medicine and urea and so on. Now hukou SR Chong synopsis, I'm Swan School. Now hukou SR, Tonkin ups are now prologues are tongs in Uppsala. I'm swamped in the kitchen. Now prologues are tungsten observe. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice using Xiang Xin up that repeat after me. Benson and game handed Chong Xin ups are been xenon Khumbu chunks synopsis. Means Yunnan urea ended at Tongji knobs are now PSI is our Tongji nops are the hukou ASR Tongji nops are. Now plug is automation of excellent work, well done. The second expression in this lesson is tongs in hang-up that the verb is hang-up that is commonly used to describe something as being wild and violent. But it can also be used to describe a situation as being hectic, chaotic. So when it's used with tongues in that expression describes a situation where everything is so hectic and chaotic that you feel like you're going out of your mind. Now it's important to note that differences between Chong Xin up that and change in the sand up there because they can sound quite similar. However, wild Tonkin up that describes a situation where you're the one that swamped or engrossed in something, tangents and up that describes a situation where the heck thickness is not always caused by you. The situation may be hectic and chaotic because of what others are doing. To give you an example, let's say that you visit your friend Been xu. Min Zu has five kids. And while you're there, the kids are constantly running around and screaming and asking for help every two seconds. In this situation, because everything is so chaotic, you feel like you're going out of your mind. So when you get home, you say to your brother, means an edge E1 almost junctions and our bins whose house is so chaotic, means an edge ibn norm which origins are not along. So we use Tunisians Hanna up that to describe a busy and chaotic situation which makes you feel like you're losing your mind. This chaotic situation isn't always caused by U, is often caused by others. Here are few more example sentences. Sui generis sigdang and Dom Wu Chong engines and our Susie's restaurant is so chaotic, cytogenetic Dangun DOM which oxygens and our Shinzen AS ambush it and DOM which oxygens and our chins whose office is so chaotic, teams on a sandwich in a normal junctions at all. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Dom Wuchang engines Hana means in HE been normal junctions and our Sue genetic Tang and DOM which functions on our chin soon as homogeneous DOM, which oxygens on our own. Fantastic job today, well done. Today, we learn to say that we're busy and were engrossed in something using tongs in up that and how to say our situation is so busy and chaotic that you feel like you're losing your mind using tongue lesions hand up there. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to say someone has regained consciousness and how to say as someone who is out of the mind Crazy using Chong Xin. I'll see you soon in that lesson. Bye-bye. 43. 정신 차리다, 정신 나가다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to learn to more useful expressions using the noun Chang's in. The first expression is Chang's in Chaddi that Zhaung-Zi and Sadie that, and we use this expression to say that someone has regained consciousness. And the second expression is Chang's in Nagar chunks in Nevada. And this means that someone is out of their mind. Will begin with the Chang's IntelliJ there in Korean to say that someone has passed out or blacked out. We say Chang's tab. The verb E-type means to lose something. So tongs means to lose one's mind, to pass out, or to lose consciousness. However, when someone regains consciousness, we use the verb caddy that with chunks. So if our friend Jingzhou regains consciousness after passing out, then we can say Shinsegae, tongue-in-cheek Josiah, Shinzo has come round. Kinsey regained consciousness. Chin Sagar, ChengXiang, Zhai Josiah. So tongue-in-cheek early data can be used to talk about people regaining consciousness. But Zhaung-Zi and tell you that can be used to talk about someone fully waking up from sleep to, for example, if police knocks on rinses door. But Menes who has just woken up and looks a little dazed, we might say to be ensue. Bins. Maria Chang Jian sharia means a wake-up, minutiae, Tommy's intaglio. So in this sentence, we use tongs in Canada to tell a friend to fully wake up from his sleep. So that's another use of Chang's IntelliJ down. Now, there is one more use of chunks in Taliban. And we can also use tongs IntelliJ dad to talk about someone realizing that they had been acting foolish, that what they had been doing was wrong, that they had been making a mistake. For example, let's say that x2 has a bit of a problem with drinking. He would often go out for drinks during the week and it would affect his performance at work. However, finally, Menes, who decides not to go out drinking during the week so that it can concentrate on his work. In this situation, we can say to another friend, to the bins UGA chunks in Italia saw Min Zu finally came to his senses to DOB in Sugata Kongjian cytosol. So in this intense Chang's entirely that is used to describe Min Zu realizing his mistake of drinking regularly during the week and deciding to change his ways. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Shinsegae Chong isn't Chadha, SIR? Tim saga, Tommy Thompson, TI DO, DO, DO, DO, DO, DO Bensouda, Thomas entire saw. That was great, well-done. The second expression in this lesson is tongs in Nevada. In this expression, the verb, that means to go out, to leave. So the literal meaning of this expression is for someone's mind, their mental state to leave their body. And we use this expression to say that someone is not themselves, that someone is out of their mind. And we generally use this expression when someone says things or does something that is erratic, far from what we would consider as being normal behavior. For example, if my brother, who works as a teacher, suddenly tells our mother that he wants to quit his job and become a dancer. My mother might say, nor chunks in nagana. Are you crazy? Are you out of your mind though, Tommy? Nagana. So because my brother is saying something which is far from what we would normally expect from him. We can use this expression tongs in Uganda to ask if my brother is thinking straight, if his out of his mind. Additionally, if my brother actually goes ahead and quits his job, I might say to my mother, Cong Yi Chong Xin nagana bar. I think my older brothers, out of his mind, youngish oxygen another Nebraska. So again, we use tongs in Nevada to refer to my brother quitting his job, which is far from what we would consider as normal behavior from him. Now, do note that in general, chunks in Nevada is a very informal expression. So it can only be used with close friends or with immediate family. It shouldn't be used in formal settings and certainly not when talking about people we need to be respectful to. Here are two more example sentences. Mean Sugata, Tomlinson, nagana, RBA. I think Min Zu is out of his mind. Bins daga, daga, daga, daga, daga. I think mena is out of our mind. Be Nagar, Nevada. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Daga, daga, daga, daga, daga, daga. Daga. Daga, daga, daga, daga daga. Excellent efforts today. Well done. Ok. So today we learned to talk about someone regaining consciousness, waking up fully and realizing their own errors by using tongs in Chaddi that. And we also learned to talk about someone being out of their mind using Chang's in Nevada. We're now going to move on from the noun Tang Jin. And in the next lesson, we will learn useful expressions using the noun that matter. See you soon in that lesson. Bye-bye. 44. 말을 걸다, 말을 나누다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn some useful expressions using the noun mayor, which can mean words and speech. And in this lesson, we're going to learn two expressions related to conversations. The first expression is madder code that matter, ego that. And this expression means to strike up a conversation, to start a conversation with someone. And the second expression is matter nano, that matter nano data. And this means to have a conversation. Let's begin with moderate workload there. Now, as mentioned already, my means words or speech. And the verb at Kodak is a verb that has many uses in Korean. It's commonly used to mean to hang something. So the Korean word for clothes hanger is o corti or Gaudi. However, this verb, Kodak, is also used to talk about starting the car and making a phone call. And when it's used with buyer, the expression moderator coda means to strike up a conversation as in begin a conversation with someone. So at school, if there is a new student in the class who perhaps looks a little lonely, you might suggest to your friend that you should go and talk to the new student, as in begin a conversation with a new student. So to say this, we can say set on hexane and tear my god OBO data. Let's talk to the new student. Said, Oh, anoxic and thereby you gotta Buddha. In the sentence, we use modern clothing or myoclonus to say that we should go and speak to the new student, that we should be the ones to strike up a conversation with a new student. But we can also use this expression to talk about making a conversation with someone we like. For example, let's say that you're on a night out and you tell your friend that someone across the bar is very attractive. So in this situation, your friend might say to you, caused by Cordoba, go in, talk to him, Go and talk to her. Castle, biodata bar. So in any situation where one person strikes up a conversation with another person, we can use this expression model code. Down. Here are a few more example sentences following the first sentence pattern. Set on Xi Guan and by bonobos. Let's talk to the new employee set own Xi Guan and tab I gotta Buddha said on, you tend to my gotta boats. Let's talk to the new neighbor. Said, oh, new Time tab, I got Obadiah. Okay. So I think it's time for a speaking practice. Repeat after me. Set on taxing and by God or boats are set on Xi Guan and thereby gotta boats. Said, oh New tab. I got awards are caused by God or by causal variable or bar. Excellent job, well-done. Now, the second expression in this lesson is madder than node that or biodata, the verb nano.me to share. So the literal meaning of battery nano, that is to share words. And we use this expression to talk about people having a conversation. For example, let's say that you were at a party and you saw your old friend, Min Zu. You really wanted to talk to Min Zu as you hadn't seen him in a while. However, for some reason, you just didn't get a chance to have a conversation with him. So to say that you didn't get to talk to him into that much at the party. You could say bins, harangue matter, money would nano-size. I didn't talk to bins, so that much means rang barrel Moneyball nano-size. So to say that we didn't have much conversation with someone, we can use this expression, bothered an anodal, and we can use the adverb mode to change this verb into its negative form. Now, another common use of this expression is to tell people to have a good time. For example, if your parents and their friends were at your home together and you're about to leave your house to tell them to have a good time. You can say, Jamie, myosin, nanos AR, Have a good time, have a fun conversation. Jamie gay, by some nano sale. In this expression, we use the honorific form of buyer myosin, and we also use the honorific form of Daniel, that nano CDA. And it's polite form, nanos haha. So this is a common expression we can use to tell those with seniority to have a good time. Now, we generally don't use this expression when talking to our peers. However, if an older person were to say the same expression to someone younger, they would say, Jamie, my nanowires, have a good time, have a phone conversation. Jamie, by nano. So this time we use the standard noun Meyer and the standard verb nano data, but it's polite form of nano. Do keep in mind that the first sentence is a common expression you can use to tell those with seniority to have a good time. Here are few more example sentences following the first sentence pattern. Suo Jie Rang batter Bi Ni Bu nanosized. I didn't talk to Susie that much. Samgyetang battery Moneyball nanosized, chin Sudan barrier valuable nanosized. I didn't talk to tins of that month. Chins Rang Ni Bu nanosized. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Min Zu Dang batter Bonnie, more nano CYA, suturing battered Moneyball nano CYA enabled nanosized TMI. I assume nanos hail TMI K by some nano sale. Jamie, thereby Daniela. Jamie gave iodine, Iowa. Excellent efforts today. Well done. Ok, so today we learned to talk about striking up a conversation with someone using modern workload that. And we also learned, talk about having a conversation with someone using mattered and handle that. In the next lesson, we're going to continue learning useful expressions using the noun matter. See you then, bye-bye. 45. 말이 되다, 말귀를 알아듣다: Hi everyone. In today's lesson, we're going to continue learning useful expressions using the noun man. The first expression is body. Body to adopt, and this means for someone's words to make sense. The second expression is my good ad, ad that might get it out of that. And this expression means to understand what someone has said. Let's begin with Marty tear that. Now the verb teta is an extremely common verb in Korean. And one of his most common use is to function as the be verb. But header has many other uses too. And when this verb is used with Meyer, body teta means that what someone has said makes sense is logical. For example, imagine that you didn't believe what someone said initially, but after that person has explained themselves, finally, you think that what they said makes sense. In this situation, you can say Google, Body ten err. That makes sense. Chobani ten there. However, you can also say that what someone said doesn't make sense. So if after hearing what the other person has said, you think What they said makes no sense, then you can say Google Body and there, that doesn't make sense. Cougar body and there. And sometimes instead of body, we often say by tall. So we can say could go buy a codon there, could go buy it on there. And the sentence has the same meaning. It means that doesn't make sense. Ok, so let's do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Cook our body. Ten a cocoa body. Ten a cocoa body and the body and the Cocoa biota and the Cocoa Biodesign The That was excellent, well done. The second expression in this lesson is by Keeter, are added back in terms of pronunciation. Key in my key, often weakened and is pronounced like my key by key. Now the noun by key refers to the contents of what someone has said and the verb. That means to understand what someone has said. It's important to note that there is another verb that means to understand, and that's yada. Yada. And yeah, that is a general verb that means to understand. So it can be used in many different contexts, including to understand what someone has said. However, are added that is specifically used to talk about understanding what someone has said. Because this verb is made up of two parts. I that which means to know and to that which means to listen. So the combined form are added. That means to listen and to know as into understand what's been heard. Now to demonstrate how this expression is used, let's say that you tried to tell your friend what's causing your stress at work. However, even after telling your friends about your problems, she doesn't fully understand what's causing you stress. In this situation. You can say to your friend, way not care, thereby getting more data at all. Why can't you understand me? Wait, okay, thereby getting more data at all. So in this sentence we add both in front of the verb, adapted that to change the verb into his negative form and ask why my friend cannot understand me. On the other hand, if you tell your friend Min Zu About the same problem, but it fully understand what's causing your stress. Then you can say Min Zu None, thereby getting outta that our bins who understands me well, means a11. Thereby Achilles had added are. And as you can see in this sentence, we can often add the adverb in front of the verb, adapted that to emphasize how someone understands me well. However, as well as using the negative form of the verb at, at, that, we can also use the verb, which means to not know. So we can say Wade or care, thereby a getter Ebola. Why can't you understand me? Why don't you know what I'm saying? Wait, okay. Thereby getting Ebola. And although the nuance of the verbs is slightly different, the two sentences essentially deliver a similar message. Here are two more example sentences following this second sentence pattern. Shinzen and thereby a getter Italia added our Shinzo understands me well, Shinzen and thereby a Gilleleje hierarchies that are benign and thereby a ghetto Chong merge had alerted our Bina understands me really well. Banana and thereby a getter, Tang Mozart I did. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Weighed up care, thereby a good a board that added are wait, okay, thereby getting more data that are wait. Okay? D by getting Ebola wheedle kid there by Ebola mins a11 thereby tins and thereby get added our mean and then Debye Kennedy, Tom might had added on fantastic efforts today. Well done. Ok, so today we learned to say that what someone has said makes sense using body. And how someone is able to understand or not understand what we are saying using by good at add that more data than any water that. We're now going to move on from expressions using the noun buyer. And in the next unit, we're going to start learning expressions using the noun Chang. I'll see you soon in the next lesson. Bye bye. 46. 막 말하다, 말을 듣다: Hi everyone. This is the last lesson on learning expressions related to the noun Meyer. And we're going to learn two expressions using this noun. The first expression in today's lesson is Madaba mang mag data. And this means to speak thoughtless Lee, to speak in a rude and impolite way. And the second expression is matter to that mattered that, and this can mean to be obedient, but it can also mean for something to work operate correctly. Let's begin with Montmartre data. First in terms of pronunciation, the key up, but shim in Mac is often pronounced as an eating sound because of connected speech. So this is pronounced as bang maritime. Mang Mirada. Map is an adverb. That means to do something thought Leslie and carelessly without too much thought into how it's done. And we can use this word in front of most action verbs to describe doing something thought Leslie and carelessly. So if you draw something carelessly, you can say mock goody that McCurdy there. And if you cook thought Leslie, you can say Mang newly had that man newly Hadar. Now in these two words, you will have heard how the keyup, but shim in math is pronounced differently as in mockery, that is pronounced as key OK. And in Mang, newly header is pronounced as even. And this change in pronunciation is because of the consonant sound that follows. Generally if the following consonant is medium, dn, or even, then KIA is pronounced as an EN sound. So do keep that in mind. Now, this verb Barada means to speak. So when we say Mang Mirada, it means that someone speaks carelessly, thought, Leslie. And when we say Mang Mara, that it generally means that someone is speaking in a rude or inappropriate way. When we say that someone Mang Mirada, it doesn't mean that they're doing this accidentally. It actually means that the person is speaking rudely and inappropriately, intentionally. So someone might Mang Mirada because they're angry or upset with the other person. For example, let's say that there is a car crash and the drivers are arguing over who's fault it is. Now in Korea, it's customary for two strangers to use polite language, tune them with each other. However, if the argument gets heated and the other person gets abusive and uses informal language, which will be extremely rude in Korea. Then you can say to the other person, Mang Margie Marcell, please don't speak rudely. Mang Margie Marcell. So we use the honorific form of the verb ending my your Bass Ale, which means Please don't and use Mang Mirada to insist the other person not to use rude and impolite language. To be more careful with their words. Now, at this point it's important to note that in general, if someone Mang Mirada, then it implies that the situation is quite serious as it's very important to follow strict rules on how we speak to each other in Korea. So if someone is Mang Mirada, then it will likely involve someone being very angry or upset with the situation or the other person. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of this sentence. Repeat after me. Mang mariachi, Marcell, Mang mirage, ybar, CEO, mang Margie marcel. That was great, well-done. The second expression in this lesson is moderate, that the verb that means to listen. So the literal meaning of this expression is to listen to someone's words. And we can use this expression to talk about someone literally listening to what another person has said. However, this expression can also be used to talk about someone being obedient, following what someone has said, and also how certain machinery work and operate the way you want it to. So if you have an obedient child, your child always does what he or she is told to do. Then you can say, Udi I, in modern tired that are, my child is very obedient. My child does what is told to do. 3i none batteries Hadar. And we can often add the adverb, a channel, which means well between Maya and to that, to say that someone is very obedient, that someone listens to me very well. We can also use this expression, say that the child is and not obedient. And to say this, we can say Wudi IN batter and did all. My child is not obedient. My child doesn't do as I say, 3i Nim battle under law. So we simply add an which means not before the verb to say that the child is not obedient. Now that's one use of this expression by added to that. Another way we use this expression is to talk about how certain things, usually machines work and operate the way you want it to. For example, I have a Bluetooth mouth, which regularly plays up. And sometimes I see a light flashing on my mouth and it just doesn't work, which is really annoying. And where my mouse plays up like this, I might say to my wife, Mao cigar matter and did all the mouse doesn't work. Mouselooker batter undid all. So we can use battery to that to talk about machines like a computer mouse working or not working. Let's take a look at few other example sentences following the second sentence pattern. The more Connie model ended on, the remote control doesn't work anymore. Connie model ended our handy pony Barbara and did all the mobile phone doesn't work. Hand upon the battle ended all. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Battery tied that are tied it all. Vin barrier under Mao cigar battery. The more Connie battery undid all hen the point about it. Undid all. Excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned to say that someone talks carelessly and thoughtless Lee, that they're rude and inappropriate with their words using Bang Miranda. And we also learned to say that someone is obedient and not obedient, as well as machines working properly or not properly using battery to that. That's it for this unit on expressions using the noun manner. And in the next unit, we're going to learn some useful expressions using the noun Chang. Susan again, in the next lesson, bye bye. 47. 정이 많다, 정이 가다: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to learn some useful expressions using the noun Chung. Chang is a noun that doesn't really have a direct equivalent word in English. It generally refers to strong affection and bond you feel for someone or something. And for whatever reason, you may feel this bond and affection, a sense of closeness to that personal thing. And this sense of closeness shows in how you speak and act two or about that person or thing. So this feeling of affection, that bond and closeness is Chung. So today we will learn to expressions related to this noun. The first expression is Chong Ye Man. Chong Ye Man. And this means that someone is affectionate, warm-hearted, and friendly. The second expression is Chang Yi Chong E Canada. And this means that you begin to have strong feelings of affection and also at times love for someone or something will begin with Chang Ni mantle. Now, you may know already, but this verb means to have a lot. So when we say Chong Ye Man, it means that someone has a lot of affection. And we use this expression to describe someone as being warm-hearted and friendly. For example, let's say that you have a new teacher. She's always smiling and talks to a students. Even in our break time. She really gets to know her students. And if students have personal problems, she talks to her students and helps to resolve these issues, you get a real sense that she cares for her students. So to describe the new teacher, you might say, set on Zhan Zheng Ni Men, Tommy banish are the new teacher is very friendly, set on something Neiman Chung-hee, manager. So to describe the teachers care, affection, and friendly characteristic, we use Chong Ye Man. And as the teacher is someone we should be respectful to. We use the honorific form of Montana balance sheet are. Another example of using this phrase is that Koreans tend to describe themselves as being friendly, affectionate, and warm-hearted people. And to say that Koreans often say Handbooks, Data Men Chang Ye manna. Koreans are very affectionate. Handbook, Salomon Tongji manna. Now of course, Koreans aren't the only friendly and affection of people in the world. So you can use this sentence pattern to describe certain groups of people as being friendly and affectionate. Here are few more example sentences set on hexane and Tongji manna. The new student is very friendly settlement. Hexane and Tongji manna said ONE Pajek, Neiman Chung-hee, manager. The new manager is very friendly, set on pojanghae Min Chong IBA and HR. Francis had iman, Tommy manna. The French are very affectionate. Premises Adam and Tony bana take books that I'm in Tongji manana. Thai people are very affectionate. Tag looks at I'm in Tongji manana. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Set on something Neiman Tommy manager said, oh an arcsecond Tommy manna, set on pojanghae metonymy, Handbook Salomon Tommy manna. Premises are iman Tongji manna. Take OK Salomon, Tommy manna. Excellent job, well done. The second expression is Chong Ni Hulda. The verb a cadaver means to go. So this expression literally means for Chung, someone's affection and love for someone or something to go to another person or a thing. And we use this expression Chong Yi CUDA to talk about having feelings of affection for someone or something, having feelings of attachment to someone or something. And it's also often used to talk about having romantic feelings. For example, let's say that there is a new student in class. And after talking to this new student once or twice, if you start to have strong feelings of closeness and affection to this new friend, you can say, set own shingle and Tommy KR. I'm getting attached to my new friend. Said ONE Qingwen Chung Yee guy. So we can use Chung-hee Qaeda to talk about having feelings of attachment to someone. However, as mentioned before, we can also use this expression to talk about having romantic feelings for someone. So this sentence can mean having feelings of closeness to a friend. But depending on the context the sentence is used in, you can also mean having romantic feelings for someone. Here are few more example sentences. Been so untethered. Chang'e Gaia, I'm getting attached to Min Zu means vantage Hong Kong. Manana hedgehog. I'm getting attached to Bina. I have feelings for me. They're benign. Th Hong e-guide. Shinzo and Ted Tong Yi Ge. I have feelings for chin Su, Qian Zhuan tear Chong Yigal. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Settle on Qingwen. Chong Yi Ge Ming Xian, Tong Yi Ge B9 tear Tang Yigal. Shinzo Auntie Tong Yi Ge. Excellent job today. Well done. Ok. So today we learned to talk about someone being affectionate, warm-hearted, and friendly using Chong Yi, Montana. And we also learned talk about having feelings of affection and closeness using Chang Yi CUDA. The next lesson is the final lesson for this course and we will learn to other useful expressions using the noun Chang. Susan again, bye-bye. 48. 정이 들다, 정이 떨어지다: Hi everyone. This is the final lesson of this course, and we're going to look at two more expressions using the noun Chung. The first expression is Chang Yi Chong, either that. And we use this expression to talk about having gotten attached to someone too, have formed a bond with someone. The second expression is Chong Ni.org that Chong Yi dadadadada, which means for the feelings of closeness and affection to disappear and to start to have feelings of dislike and hatred. We'll begin with Chong E two that the verb to that which we learned in an earlier lesson in this course can mean to have. So when we say Chong need too, that it means that two people have become close and they have formed a strong bond with each other. In the previous lesson, we learned that Chang'e cauda means to start having feelings of affection for people. And the differences between these two expressions is that while with Chang'e CUDA, the people are getting attached with Chong E two that the people have gotten attached. So the differences between getting attached and gotten a test. We can also use Chong E to that to say that people have romantic feelings for each other. Now, to demonstrate how this expression is used, let's say that you go camping with people whom you weren't close to. But after spending a week together, you feel close to all the people you were camping with. So you don't want to go home. In this situation, you can say Chung needed us are cheaper Cauchy shit. Ir I don't want to go home because I feel so attached to everyone told me that Azar tribeca is should I R. So Chong either that means that you have gotten close, have become attached to people. Hence, you don't want to be separated from your fellow campus. Now, we can also use that to talk about people having romantic feelings for each other. So if two people been X2 and Bina, were close together and it's obvious to everyone that they like each other. Then we can say bins around bananas, Chung needed on nasa. I think Min, Zu and B now like each other, bins around bananas and Tony did ANOVA. So in this sentence we use Chong E to that to talk about two people liking each other. Now this is a key difference between Chang'e Canada and told me to that because with Chang'e kDa, as far as the speaker knows, only one person likes the other person. Whereas with Chong E two that the speaker knows or can speculate that to people like each other. Here are few more example sentences. Chung needed us, our donaghey shit, Iowa. I don't want to leave because I feel so attached to everyone. Chung needed us all. Donaghey, Sheila Chung needed us or command do gay shit. I don't want to quit because I feel so attached to everyone. Chung needed also command Bu Gai Shuo, Qian, Sudan, Sudan. And Tony did on navbar. I think chin x2 and x1 are like each other. Teams around southern and Tony did on nasa. Chong Sudan be renin Chung needed on nasa. I think Tong Xue and bd like each other. Changjiang median and Tony did on Napa. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Chung needed us are cheaper, craggy. Shariah Chang, He did R's are donaghey should IR. Chong he did also commando Gaziano, been Saran bananas. Chong Yi, Jing Zu Dang Zhong Nan and Tommy did on nasa. Chunks around Benin. Tommy did on nasa. Excellent job, well-done. Okay, so the final expression in this course is Chong Yi dot-dot-dot. Now it's a bit of a negative expression to end the course with. But in this expression, the verb, that means to fall, to drop. So when we say Chong etiology that it means that the feelings of affection and closeness has fallen off, has left, and the feelings of dislike and hatred have crept in. So if your boyfriend or girlfriend says something that makes you lose your feelings of love and affection and makes you dislike them. Maybe they said something about one of their axes in a positive way, then you can say Chong dollar genome by Haji Ma. Don't say such hateful words. Chunk doLogin, merhaba. The literal meaning of the sentence is, don't say was that made me not love you. So if someone's was make you lose your feelings of love and affection for them and makes you have feelings of dislike and hatred for them, then you can say this sentence. Here are a few other example sentences. Chunk, dotage, indented, Haji, bar. Don't act in such a hateful way. Chunk doLogin and Jim had t-bar, Chang doLogin and kudos city. Mr. Don't write such hateful words. Chong, doLogin and collusive d bar. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of the sentences. Repeat after me. Chang, Chang doLogin, Haji bar, Chong doLogin and Git Haji bar. Chunk doLogin, curiousity bar, fantastic efforts or the end. Well-done. Ok, so today we learned to say that we have gotten close to someone or that people have romantic feelings for each other using Chong E to that. And we also learned talk about losing that feeling of affection and having feelings of dislike and hatred using Chong Ni Zhi Dao. Okay, so that's it for this lesson and also for this course. And over the entire course, we learn over a 100 natural, everyday creative expressions. And through the example sentences we learned many more useful words and sentence structures. I hope that you were able to develop your knowledge of Korean by taking this course. And I hope that you found all the learning resources to your needs. Thank you again for taking this course and I hope to see you sinned again. Palliate America, Hawaii.