10 Intermediate English Passages (Vocab + Passages) | Learn English with Omar | Skillshare

10 Intermediate English Passages (Vocab + Passages)

Learn English with Omar, Hope for the best!

10 Intermediate English Passages (Vocab + Passages)

Learn English with Omar, Hope for the best!

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17 Lessons (3h 38m)
    • 1. Intro to Intermediate English

    • 2. Singers At Sea

    • 3. Lions

    • 4. Magician of the Sea

    • 5. Sparrows

    • 6. Blind Bats

    • 7. The Arctic Fox

    • 8. Customs Around the World

    • 9. Leonardo Da Vinci

    • 10. Unusual Museums

    • 11. Auroras

    • 12. Amelia Earhart

    • 13. Cartoons

    • 14. Leisure Time

    • 15. Coldest Continent

    • 16. Loch Ness Monster

    • 17. A Sweet Adventure

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About This Class

Welcome everyone to "Intermediate English Passages"

In this class, we are going to learn discuss many various and interesting topics. Each lesson has its own topic, vocabulary, passage, and questions (written/spoken questions)

This class is for intermediate speakers.

Don't forget to download and solve the files in the Class Project Part.

Hope you have fun. :) 

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Learn English with Omar

Hope for the best!


Welcome to Learn English. Hope you have fun in my classes and learn a few things too! ;)

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1. Intro to Intermediate English: Hi everyone. My name is almost an, I'm an English teacher in this class is for intermediate speakers. And in this class we're going to be discussing various different topics. Each lesson is going to have its own vocabulary and its own comprehension passage. And it will have its own questions which you can answer as a project. These questions could be written questions or they could be speaking questions to get you to speak as much as possible. So the topics are varied and I hope you enjoy them and I'd like to see you in my class. Thank you very much. 2. Singers At Sea: Okay, welcome and hello everyone again. This lesson is about singers at C, we're going to be taking some vocab words and a comprehension passage about seniors at C. Now let's start. First analyze what's, in this picture. What type of animal can you see in the spectrum? It's a wheel. A wheel which is a type of sea animal, or it lives in the sea. So we call this the whale. Let's start with the first vocab word we have for today, which is humpback whales. As you can see here in the picture. This is a picture of a wheel. Sometimes it's likes to dive, likes to splash around at lives obviously in sea water, salty water. Okay, this is one wheel. And there are many types of whales, just like the humpback whale. This is a picture of a humpback whale. Humpback just means that's what it looks like. This is the shape or the type of the wheel, which is an amazing picture. The second one we have is Moon. Moon, which is a type of noise or a type of sound. As you can see from the picture, we have an old man and it looks as if it might be in pain or he is moaning. He's upset and he's moaning about something. Okay. Even though I can't hear the noise, but I can imagine it in my mind. So this is a Mon, it's like a low sound. Call it morally. Good. Next we have is squeak, which is also another type of noise or another type of sound. A hand you can see here in the picture, and this is a rubber duck. And we imagine if I'm pressing on this rubber duck, it's going to make a very high, high pitched, squeaky, squeaky noise. Okay? So we call this type of noise squeaking. Some animals squeak, some things could make the, could make this squeaky noise that are good. Let's start reading a comprehension passage. Did you know that some wheels can see some humpback whales make sounds that are like songs. So they can same. Humpback whales are seniors. They can see and can you imagine this? The moon and Grant and Squeak morning and grunting and squeaky, as we said, are types of sounds, are types of noises. But these animals mic, morning, grunting and even squeak. A whale might the same for 20 minutes. So how long will it take? 20 minutes. 20 minutes of singing. Some whale songs can be heard miles away. So you can hear from miles away. That means are very, very loud. Not all humpback whales, same. Only the main whales. Same. So it's not all the, not, not all the wheels, just the main ones. The main ones. Not the female ones. Okay. They seen mostly in the winter than the summer, often the autumn of in the spring, mainly in the winter. No one knows for sure why they sang. Some people think seeing, is there a way to talk to other whales? Many people liked to hear that. People like to hear the songs. They think they are pretty okay. So if you ever have a chance to see a wheel, which is very rare, but maybe you can hear how they sing because they're saying is very distinct, very special, and it's very lovely, and everybody loves them. Pretty good. This was the comprehension passage. We have some questions here which you will find them in the project section. For singers at c, The first question is true or false. Sometimes humpback whales squeak. True or false. Female humpback whales singing all the time. True or false. Some whale songs are longer than 10 minutes, True or false. All humpback whales seeing a lot in the spring, true or false? No one likes to listen to whale songs. True or false. Very good. Second question is answered the following question. Why do you think humpback whales? Same. Explain. This is your opinion and opinion question. No right or wrong answer because I'm asking why do you think humpback whales thing type of visitor type of communication? Is it a type is chosen just for fun? Is it to get females, to get, to get females attention? Why do you think humpback whales say That was it. This was for our comprehension passage for singers at C. I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Please make sure to continue the other lessons in this class. Thank you very much. 3. Lions: Okay, welcome back everyone to our newness. And in that class, which is called Two Lions, This is a new convention passage that we're going to be taking in this intermediate class. Okay, so let's start with lions. And as you can see obviously in the picture, we have Lion, okay, which is a very interesting animal. Let's start with the vocabulary words that we're going to be taken today. The first one is beasts. Ok. Now this is actually a picture from Harry Potter, right? So all of these are somehow types of animals rights are types of lists. Effect. Of course these are not real. There is not as threes, three-headed dog and green life. There's no horse-like animal with some chickens for his. There's no like a huge Egan. Okay? But beasts, a beast or this in general means and wild. And so beasts are wild animals. And of course, lions are beasts. Above this word. This word is territory. Okay? Territory, which is meaningful place. A territory is a place. As you can see, obviously this is the map of America and it's divided into territories or places. Ok? So a territory is a place. Place, just a normal place, okay? The territory, the place that somebody lives in, for example, in this case, the line alliance territory, that means where the line lives, where the line is. Good. After this word is pulled, tree and livestock. Okay. I can see a chicken, I can see sheep, cow or a goat. Another chicken and another carry think. So all of these are, are the beasts, are the wild animals. What are the farm animals? They are farm animals. Okay, so the chip can actually recall it poetry because it's the chicken products. Whereas the other animals like a sheep and cows, goats, we call it livestock because we take meat from Golden live stock. Okay, so pull trees for chicken. And livestock. Is the meat. Very good. This word, this word is main. And main. As you can see here in the picture. It looks as if the wind is blowing is, hey, so what type of line is this line or, boy, I am a very good guideline, of course has this. Ok, so we call it the main. The main is the main lines which females don't. Yes clause. To say Cloud, Save cloth. And pronouncing the S, the zip clause. The clause encodes one claw and many clones. Okay. They are the sharp, sharp fingers or the shock name. It's called the claws. Of course. As human beings, we don't have, we have means normal males. But animals or beasts, they have close, very sharp claws. This looks maybe like a lion. I think. This looks from snores, may be another type of animal. Okay, so all of these animals have very sharp claws and they also have jaws. Again, announcing the S with a z. Sound. Sound. Jaws are good, which involves not only the teeth, but the bones that any animal hides. The mouth. Bones, we call it the Jones. Okay. We as human beings, we have jaws and ofs also animals have jones. And there's a very, there's a famous film called jaws. And it's about sharks. Sharks when they were inviting. We call these Jones. Regards. This row or row of a lion is roaring. Sound of the line like this. We call this the row. Okay? And it's only the lion does chores. Ok? So it's always related to the line alliance or sound. Very good. And this word also is pride. Okay? What can I see in the spectrum? I see 12345 lines, one that's a boy, a main line, and 1234 female lines. Ok, so because there are group, a group of lines, we call it a pride of lions are so proud. Hey, didn't like anybody entering their territory, right? So they are so proud. We call it a pride of lions. It's a group of bytes. And we have one word which is approximately civic world. Okay. Approximately. Approximately. And what does it say in the pictures? It says approximately or about or nearly or roughly. Okay. So if I say 66 days is approximately a week for weeks, seventies, I'm staying approximately it's a week. So it's almost it's almost or nearly almost by say the time is. 1159. So it's approximately 12 means it's almost 12 o'clock. Very good guys. These were the vocabulary words for today. Let's start reading the story that we have for today or the comprehension transistor. Okay, let's read a block of the lion and the lion, often referred to as the king of beasts. That's his name. Once commanded a large territory and large place. Today. Their territory is very limited. We don't live in a huge space now. Lions are savannah dwelling animals. They like to be in the savanna, which has made them easy targets for hunters. Some hunters they like to like to shoot lines. The increasing population of humans and livestock has also contributed to the lions decreased population. So then the amount of lines in the world is getting less. Okay? Because cos of hunters and because humans, they are increasing in number. So the lines are decreasing. Very good. What else does it say? Lions are heavy. Cats are cats right? From the docs and we are from the data and have very males, we over 500 pounds. That's how large they are and can grow to be over eight feet in length. Their bodies or eight feet long, with a tail over. Rth is six inches long. Males are characterized by a long, full Maine that covers the neck and most of the Head and Shoulders. Females do not have a mean and are slightly smaller. And science they're a bit smaller. Both males and females have courts. That's their color. Rubbish like branch, hooked claws, powerful jaws. There roars, can be heard up to five miles away. Flats how loud they are and can roar. And five miles away I can feel this. Amazing. Lions tend to hunt in the evening and spend the day sleeping. That's what they do. They prefer hunting zebras or giraffes, or to lead almost anything you can eat, anything. Align us capable of eating over 75 pounds of meat at a single kin and then going a week without eating again. So there would be only with me. You'll need like maybe once a week. Okay. Generally, female lines do the hunter and the males come to share. So the females are the ones doing. The mountain. Lions live in groups called right? Price. Each flight as between 437 lions. That's the number of lines inside each pride. Females bear one to four, comes approximately every two years. Every two years. Almost females, female lines have one to four every two years approximately. Amazing animals facing ions are indeed amazing animals. I hope you enjoyed this comprehensive plans, which now we have some questions. As always, you can find them in the project section. Question one. What are the differences between male and female lions? You mentioned many about the size, weight, and shape and appearance. You can mention these answers. And why question to why would living on savannah makes the lion and easy? Again, we mentioned two reasons. Something related to a hunters and something to do with human beings. Okay, so I hope you enjoyed this lesson and I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson. Thank you very much. 4. Magician of the Sea: Okay, welcome back everyone to this intermediate class addressing. And in today's lesson we are going to be discussing this comprehension passage, which is called magician of the sea. And what can I see here in this picture? I can see an octopus, which is a sea animals, right? And the octopus is known for having 12345678 arms. Okay. So how does the octopus a magician, but does magician's, magician is the person who does magic tricks. So how was this octopus suggestion? How can do magic? That means obviously it's an interesting animal. Okay, so let's radon and let's start with the vocabulary words and see the first vocabulary word that we have today, which in addition, okay, like Harry Potter for example, a magician, as you can see here, is a man or a woman. And a have the wearing gloves. They advocate. You have the hat on. They have a wand in their hands, and they can do magic tricks. Magic is not real, but they can do magic tricks to make something disappears, for example. Okay, so we call this person laugh mathematician, logician. Very good. How about this vocab word, this vocabulary word is intelligent. Intelligent. See here in this picture, denote this person. This person is Einstein. Einstein, German scientist who was very, very, very, very smart, but is very intelligent. Intelligent means he's very smart. He's a genius, is very clever. Like Einstein was. Very good about this word. This word is predators. Predators. As you can see, these are types of animals like lions, tigers, cancer, maybe, hyena, a cheetah, leopard. And do these animals, are they friendly? Or do they hunt other animals? They hunt other animals, eat other animals. They eat meat too, because they hunt other animals before them. Creditors, okay, all of these animals are predators. Very good. How about this word? This word starts with a c h, 02. Browsers, we pronounce it. So it's a chameleon. Okay, as you can see, it's a type of lizard. Yeah, type of reptile. And it's on green grass, maybe your leaves, and it's changing its color. An animal that changes its color, we can call it a comedian. A chameleon changes its colors. It blends in camouflages. It tries to hide itself from predators or from other atoms. We call this chameleon. Very good. About this one. How about this word? It is shallow waters. Shallow water. Now I can see the water and I can also see the blocks. Now this water is not very It's not way. It's still OK. And it has a lot of rocks to think. Do you think this shallow water? Is it deep, deep, deep, deep in the sea? Or is it near the beach? It's near the beach, right? That's why it is shallow. That means it is not very deep. And it's ten. You can stand on these rocks maybe. So we'll call it the shallow water. Okay. And because of the shadow, so not many fish are there. You can see a lot of fish there. You can see sharks maybe for example, you can see them in shallow waters. Very good. How about this word? Invertebrates? It's a big word in verse, but it's invertebrates. We are animals, parts of animals that don't have facts, don't have back bones. Like these, all of these which are types of worms maybe across. Fly also, Spyder, which looks like a snail. And all of them, there are types of invertebrates means they don't have backbones. This word is vanishing. Another word for disappearing, vanish. And I see a person in the spectrum below us because he vanished. This person has vanished. So vanished means disappears. You're not there anymore. By, if I say the clouds, vanished means the sky now is clear. I could say the sun vanished behind the clouds. Okay. Or I was searching for my mobile phone and it's vanished. Can find twitters. So all of this means something that is good. Is venomous VMs. Okay? As you can see here in the picture, it's a spider. And spiders are known for their very venomous bytes. There's strong, Right? Yes. But at the same time they have poison. Some of them you have poison in their bytes. So if something is poisonous, and other words for a poisonous is, Venice has a lot of venom, has poisoned. Okay. So it's venomous, poisonous. Some frogs are also venomous. Some reptiles, I believe some snakes. There are good. And what does this word mean? This is the palm of the hand. As you can see, we have two hands and just picture. And this part is what we call the PAM. This one is not the plan, but this. We call this the palm of the hand. Of course we hold things using the palm of our hands. Okay, very good. So this, so these were the vocabulary words for this lesson. And now let's start with comprehension passage. As we said, it's called magician of c. So let's read on and practice. I will sketch. What do three Hertz, eight arms, and one huge brain adds up to an octopus, a creature that can do amazing things. So it's an amazing animal. How many hearts have? Three. How many arms does it have? And how many brains? One, huge, bring. Very good. What else? Octopuses are extremely intelligent because they are very, very smart. They have even learned a few tricks to get them out of sticky situations. They have a few tricks to get them out of difficult situations. As for example, when it is afraid of predator, when other animals are trying to eat it. As octopuses don't have teeth or sharp claws to defend themselves, they find themselves in the sand on the bottom of the ocean floor. That's what they do. They hide themselves, right? Do you want to know how they do that? That's no. Well, the octopus is like a chameleon. Remember we said that lizard that changes as follows because it can change the color of its skin to match the sand. This color change happens in less than a minute, so it changes its color to be like the sand, silica, light brown, maybe colors, right? It changed what I really wish color changes its color. Very good. Some octopuses like to stay in more shallow water because, sorry, where there are rocks. And so in the shallow water, not in the very deep. Because octopuses are invertebrates, they can't squeeze themselves into small spaces between the rocks to get out of reach of creditors. Trying to hide from predators. And the squeezed themselves between, screens themselves between the rocks in the shallow water. Another way an octopus can hide is by shooting ink. Ink between using depends. It also does this. It shoots out Inc. And octopuses know. An octopus uses a part of its body called SFO to shoot ink into the water. This is what it does. It shoots out visiting the ink forms a cloud that hides the octopus. It's like a magician doing vanishing act. Like a magician puts out some smoke and then it disappears. The octopus does the same thing. It's shoots out this ink, which is like a big loud, and then it disappears. Goods. If an octopus is being attacked, it can actually make itself look like a venomous snake. So it changes its shape, size to look like a sneak, a venomous snake. It will vary itself in the sand. Keeping two arms visible. It will change the color of those arms to match a sea snake. So it changes the color of lumber its arms. But if there's no time to hide, if an octopus is in trouble, it can break off one of its arms. Can you imagine the octopus as if it breaks one of its eight arms? The arm will then change colors and squirm around and water to distract the creditor. While the octopuses swims, flee to safety. So the arm will just squirm around and move and not to confuse the other panel to other credits. Don't work though. The octopuses arm will grow back. And this is even more amazing because harm can grow back. We as human beings, if I cut my arm, it will never go back. But octopuses, they can, they can grow back. Okay. What else? There is one kind of octopus that has venom to use in defense. The blue ringed octopus is tiny, very small. It could fit in the palm of your hand, fits in the palm of your hand. Creditors might think this iss makes the octave, makes the octopus great snack. But they notice stay away. So they stay away from this small octopus. Why? The blue ringed octopus is very poisonous and can kill predators much larger that including humans. Okay? So it's very dangerous and it's very small, but it is very dangerous. Ok, so this was our less than guys. We learned about when we learned about octopuses. And we took some Nouveau, took some new vocabulary words and we learned about octopuses. Here are some questions. And as always, you will find that in the project section where you can answer the question one, what is special about the octopuses? Okay? You mentioned many different things that are special about the body. You can mention. Why are octopuses and intelligent? Why? Because what do they do? Our the intelligent. What happens to an octopus if it breaks off one of its arms? What will happen to the arm? And plus question, how do blue renewed octopuses defend themselves? Okay, so that's it. I hope you enjoyed this lesson everyone, and join me. Please join me in the next lesson where we take another comprehension passage will discuss new docks. Thank you very much. 5. Sparrows: Okay, welcome back everyone to Intermediate English. In this lesson, we have new lesson about sparrows. Sparrows, as you can see here in the picture, this as a type of bird. Looks like a very small, very tiny, very cute. And we call this bird spiral. Okay? I have one spiral and I have many different sparrows. Okay? We have other types of birds, like pigeons, pooping guanines equals c equals ostriches, pelicans. Okay? And now we have spandrel. Okay, so let's learn today about spatters. First of all, counted, what if we have this species? Speech is C sharp. So species, and as you can see here in the picture, we have different types of animals, right? You have to tie it to get, for example, a lion, elephant. This looks like another type of record, maybe I think we have the polar bear type of bird. So all of these are different species of animals. Okay? So the species, that means the type of animals. Okay, so different species means many different types of animals. Very good. Okay, the next word we have is appreciate. Again, the C is pronounced shirt. So if I say I appreciate someone, that means I am really thankful for what this person has has done. So I respect this person, I love this person. I'm showing my appreciation, my happiness towards something to appreciate yet, to be happy to be thankful about something. Okay, like when your friend helps you in something. So you appreciate your friend, that means you really respect, you really admire what he or she did. Excellent. Okay, the next word we have is nests. Okay. Again, one nest and many different nests. What type of animal or what type of microbiome lives here. This is the home of the right types of torrent. The bird is actually make their own nests, okay? And they lay their eggs there. They make their nests from from grass for example, or twigs. Okay? So they make their nests and they can live there on trees. For example. X has pledged said the nest is made out of many different tweaks. Okay. Many different tweaks. It looks like a small stick or yeah. Come much stake off. Strong as just a tiny tweak. The nest is made out of all of these different topics. Okay, well done. Excellent. The next word we have is hat. At very good. As you can see, the egg at the beginning, it's just an ache, right? But there's a baby inside. After awhile back stops to to Hatch. Okay. So the egg starts the hatch. That means it's starting to break and the baby bird comes out. Ok. So this is what it means. If the egg is hatching, that means it is great king. It's opening up. Good. Done. Okay, next word we have is swamps. Again also one swamp and many different swamps. It's a type of place, okay. And as you can see, lots of water and not sort of grass also leaves on the, on this lake, for example. So we call it a swamp. Okay. So dirty. Maybe you can see frogs there, some snakes. Okay. Lots of trees obviously not suck grass. So we call this the swamp. That's what it is because it's just, there's just so much so much water there. So that's, that's why we call it the swap x. And another word we have which is similar to this one is marshes. Marshall's, again, one Marsh and many different marshes. And again, it's a different type of grass which also has water in it. Okay. And yeah, that's basically it. It's a different type of grass. Maybe a bit longer. Right. That's coming from down to up. And again it's soaked cause there's a lot of water, so we call this the marsh. Ok, again, other animals can live there also. Marsh, well done. And x once we have is migrate. Lots of animals migrate in the wind. So what do you think that means? As you can see it in the picture, we have Burns types of birds and they are migrating. That means they are traveling from one place, another place. It could be maybe because they want to find food. Maybe they're migrating for better weather conditions, hotter conditions for example. Maybe for protection, to be protected from certain animals, other animals. Maybe they are migrating to find a mate so that they could reparative Center, have smaller animals. Okay, very good. So this is what it means to migrate from one place to another place. Lots of different animals do this. Fish, birds. Yeah. And other other types of animals all's well done. Okay. Yes, this word is breathing. Okay. Just when I just said Now, some animals, they migrate to find a mate so that they could have children or have babies. Another World is breathing. For example, the rooster has babies with the hen. And the baby. Chicken or hand is called the chick. Okay, very good. Just like the Poland, Krakow, they have a calf, the stallion and the mayor, they could have a phone. Okay. The tiger and the tigress, they have the tiger cub, lion and lioness. They have the lung cup, the RAM, and the EU. This is promised you. They have lamb. Silent Be the def, which is the male and the female. They have a phone, the drink and the talk have ducklings and so on. So this is what we call breeding. Okay? When animals, this sort of gets married to have Vi, is we call it breathing. Excellent, very good. So these were the vocabulary words for this lesson. Now let's read about sparrows, this lovely animal. From this lovely part, let's read. This very small dirt is found throughout the world. So you can find it in many places. There are many different species of spiral. Again, so many different types. There are about 50 different species of sparrows at living in North and South America. Okay, so how many different species do we have in North and South America? 50 different species, 50 different types. Spirals are only about four to six inches in length. Ok, so only what the size maybe are so very small. Many people appreciate their beautiful song. They're known for their songs. They're always over the rows singing, so we have a nice singing voice. Nice tweeting. Spirals prefers to build their nests in low places. Their nests are usually built on the ground, clumps of grass, low trees, and bushes. Right? So this is where they prefers to build their nests. In cities. They can also liveness is true in cities. They build their nests in building knocks and other holes. Whenever there is a building and there were like small different holes here and there, they can put the twigs, and that's how they make their nests. They rarely build their nests in high places. They rarely do that. Spouse build their nests after tweaks, grasses and plant fibers. This is how they make. Their nests are usually small and well dealt. Structures. So even though the nest is small, but it's actually quite well-built. That means it's very, very strong. Needs to be strong because it's going to be the home for the spiral as well as the spiral papers for x. Yeah. So speaking of the XX female spouse late 46 eggs at a time. So every time it has four to six different x. The x are white with reddish brown spots and this is the column. The eggs hatch within 11 to 14 days. It takes 11 days for the x2 starts to hatch and Greek up. Both the male and female parents care for the young. Insects are given to their young as fruit. Okay, so what do they have to eat? They have insect young. I was ready to leave the nest eight to ten days after hatching. So only after almost a week maybe or ten days, the spatters, a youngster, I was ready to leave this nest. The large feet of the spandrel are used for scratching seeds. Adults battles mainly eat seeds, okay, so the young ones may need insects. And the adult sparrows, many seeds. And sparrows can be found almost anywhere. There are humans. Some species of spirals prefers to live in deserts, rarest, swamps, marshes, forests, and other bushy areas. Okay? So different places around the world, many places that have certain class. Some sparrows live in northern North America, will migrate south in winter, although most state in one area year round. Some of them will migrate from placed another from north to south, but most of them will just stay in the same place, the same year. Okay? The older adult males of the migrating sparrows usually spend their winter near their breeding area. Many people throughout the world enjoying these delightful perverts. They enjoyed these last few birds because they enjoyed their songs. They're beautiful sounds. Very good. Okay guys to this was, I went about sparrows. As always, you will have some questions in the question section, the project section, you can answer them. For example, a question we'll ask, how many species of spouse live in North and South? And question two, what are the feet of the spiral used folk, we said the fetuses are used for something and we're to some sparrows prefers to live in. Yeah. Where do they prefer to live? Ok. Guys, this was our lesson for today. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and please join me in the next lesson to continue the intermediate class. Thank you very much. 6. Blind Bats: Okay, Hello and welcome back everyone to comprehension passage, intermediate English, comprehension pastures. And we have another lesson today, or in this lesson about blind bats. Blind bats, as you can see here in the picture. This is a picture of a bat, which is a very, very interesting, lovely creatures. And we're going to be learning how it is blind or why it is blind and wants it manages to do with that. Okay, So our lessons about blind bats, Let's start with the vocab words. The first forecast, what we have is blind, not blend, blind, like kind lined. Okay. What can you see here in the picture? I can see a man is wearing glasses and it has a stick and his hand. Why is he wearing black glasses? Because he can't see. Okay. So they hide his eyes. And why is he carrying a stick? Is carrying a stick so you can move and he can sense the pavement or the ground the way in front of him. Okay. This person is blind. Blind means what means he, he or she cannot see their eyes. They don't function, they don't work. So this person is blind. Very good. This word is cave. As you can see, this is nature's beautiful. Nature. That looks like maybe it's a part of a mountain, the inside part of a mountain. Okay. Very dark. You can see sometimes Walters. Sometimes you will see the bats and side. Okay. Very scary. All right. And there's also some type, some other types of animals that live there. Okay. So we call this cave, which is a very dark place, very round, very scary. Sometimes this is a cave which is a part of a mountain. Very good. How about this word? This word is a barn or many barns. Okay. That looks like it's as if it's on a farm. Okay. And these are barn animals like horses, cows, sheep, chickens, even goats. All of these are barn animals. They live in bonds. They live in this it looks like a house, a house for farm animals. So they live there in the bond. Very good. Next word we have is ecco, E, C, H, O, not pronounced. It show pronounced echo. Okay, Eco. As you can see, we have a bat to the right and maybe a butterfly to the left or a month. Okay. And what is coming out? Of the bat. Some, some sort of sound, some sort of noise in which the noise is repeated like echo, echo, echo, echo. This is what we call an echo. And you can find it obviously in the cave as we just said. Okay, so an echo is the repetition of sound. You can sometimes also find that you find this echo in an empty room. If the room is empty, okay, sometimes you will hear an echo. Look good. Next one we have is greater. Okay? This is a system. You sometimes find it in cars and ships and airplanes. Okay? And it's good to know where things are. If they are if they are far from me. Okay. If they are near than I need to avoid them. If they are far, then I'm safe. Okay. So this is the radar system. A lot of technologies and a lot of transportation means like ships and airplanes use this radar system to know if the way is clear or not. We call this the radar or the radar system. The next word we have is hibernate. Hibernate. What type of animal can you see here in this picture? I can see Bayer. And it looks very tired, very sleepy, and it's a sleeping. So some animals actually they hibernate or they sleep for the whole winter. Okay, the sleep because the winter months are very cold. So the height in some place, they eat a lot before it and then they hibernate, means they sleep for all of the winter months because they're very cold. So hibernate means to sleep in the winter months. But a good next word we have is north. Okay. It looks like a butterfly, but it's a bit different. I think the moth has 1234 wings. It looks a little bit different. The wings. It's still a nice creature, nice insect. We call this the month. Very good. So have you ever seen a month before? Very good. These were the vocab boards. Okay. After finishing the vocab words, now we have some vocab exercises for questions at the top or four words at the top. And four questions. We have MAF, hibernate, blind, and Cave. Let's complete the sentences. Let's help the Spaceman cross the street. There is a space on the wall. It looks nice. Some animals space in the winter when it's too cold. Some bats live in the space. Okay, you can answer these questions in your own time. Very good. Now, let's read about blind bat and this lovely comprehension passage. But sleep all day because they cannot see well in the bright sunlight. So the sleep all day, they come out at night and they hang upside down in dark places such as barnes, kids or hollow trees. Where do where do we see bats? In barns, caves, and threes. What type of 3 is hollow? Hollow means they have holes in them. As soon as darkness begins to fall, bats wake up to the window. They wake up at night. They fly around and quickly at night. That's mix sounds that make them fly. Since they cannot see well, people cannot hear these sounds. So we, as human beings, we cannot hear the sounds the bats make. When bats make sounds, the sounds hit objects in front of them and bounce back at them. Okay, so the sound hits the wall or three or whatever and it goes back to them, bounces back. Bats can tell if something is in their way because there is an echo. Echo, echo. Remember, some people say this is like a radar system. There are many different kinds of bats. Some bats fly all night, while others fly only in the evening or the early morning. Okay, so there are different types of bats. Most bats eat mosquitoes and moths, which are types of insects, mosquitoes and moths. But there are some bats that will catch fish, swimming and water and eat them. Some bats eat fish. Still, other kinds of beds it burns, or mice. So some, some bats even it builds on mice. Bats that live in very hot areas eat only some parts of flowers. So there are many different things. In the bats diet. You can eat mosquitoes or moths of fish sometimes or burdens or mice or flowers, even bats that live in cold areas of the country sometimes sleep on winter. That means they hibernate, means they sleep all winter. Other bats that live in cold areas fly to warmer places, flight warmer places for the winter. We call this migration. So what does migration mean? Migration means flying toward more places in the winter. Very good. This was the lesson about blind bats. You will find some questions in the project section. Please make sure if you like this lesson to continue the other lessons in intermediate English. Thank you very much. 7. The Arctic Fox: Okay, welcome back everyone to Intermediate English. There we have a new lesson and new comprehension passage, new vocabulary, and the name of our lesson today is the arctic fox. The arctic fox. Okay, first of all, if I can ask you, what can you see in this picture? You're going to say this is our folks, right? It's a type of animal and it looks like a dog, looks like a wolf from the dog family. So this is what we call the Fox. Okay? But we know that the foxes usually brown or red color is this arctic fox. It's actually white, as you can see, right? Where do you think this lives, this arctic fox? It actually lives, yes. In the Arctic or in Antarctica, which is the coldest place on Earth where there's snow and ice. We call this the Arctic. Ok. So this arctic fox lives there. And as you can see, it's very, very cool. Okay, so let's start with the vocabulary words that we have for today. The first one is for quote. Quote. As you can see, this looks like a wardrobe, maybe an insight. I have clothing items, right? I have clothes. And they are all coats that men or women, that women can wait in the winters, for example. And the material itself is made out of because it's very soft, very nice. So we call this cohort many different colors as you can see here. And it keeps us, we keep whoever wears it warm, and also keeps the animals warm. Some animals have fur coats, like Fox, for example. Okay. Okay. The next vocabulary word is insolation. Insolation. What kind you see in the picture? You can see an umbrella, right? And what does the umbrella too? Rayleigh protect you? Right? Protects you from the waters. Are also sometimes sunlight in summer. So it couldn't protect you from the rain right? In winter and protect you from very strong sunlight in excuse me, in the assumption. Ok. So it provides an insulation. Insulation means what is cover? A cover or protection from something. Some people were at the cap. This gives them insulation from the Sun. Ok. If I have a mobile phone and I put something over it, okay. This is an installation in because it protects my phone. And makes it stronger, for example. Okay. So to insulate or to have insulation, that means to have a protection or covering something. Okay. Well done. The next vocabulary that we have is pray, PDR e, y. Okay, now Cray has two meanings. You might know the first one which is p r a y, which means two, to pray to God, for example, to be religious. But this one's different instruments, PR, e, y. So what kind of animal Can I see here? It looks like a rabbit. Yes, very good. And is the rabbit an animal that haunts other animals or is haunted by other animals. It's actually a hunted by other angles. Ok, so the prey is any animal that is hunted by other animals. The hunters would be called the predators. So the lion is a predator, the wolf is a predator. The folks also compare creditors. Whereas a prey could be like, for example, on a gazelle. Or in this case, I have it. Very good. So we call this tray well done. Next word we have is yes, population, population. What kind you see here in this picture? I can see so, so, so many people, okay? So this picture is populated. It has a lot of people in science. So tell you, what is the number or what is the population of the whole world? Around 7 billion, I believe, right? What is the population of England? Whatever? Sixty million, seven million, seventy million. What is the population of Europe? What is the population of Africa? The population of America, population of Australia, Post population of New Zealand, population of Antarctica, and so on. Okay, so population means the number of people living in a given place got excellent. Okay, next word we have, is scarce. Scarce? Not scarce, but scarce. Is there any water in this picture? There is no water at all. I can say that the water is very scarce in the desert. That means it's very hard to find. It's very limited, very small. Ok. So if something is scarce, that means it's not enough. Okay, let's think of other examples. You can see water is very scarce. Party sunlight, the scarce in some cold areas, right? Having clouds scarce. Okay. Some deeper, you know, it's, it's hard for them to get money. So money. Job opportunities are scarce. Ok, so that means it's not it's not a lot and it's very hard to find. Well done everyone, how about the next vocabulary words we have, which is rare? Rare. Ok. Again, it's a bit similar to scarce bought kinase. In the pictures, I can see a beautiful, lovely diamond. Okay? And diamonds are very, very different. They are unique. They are special. Again, they are hard to find and hard to get because they are very valuable and expensive. Okay? So it is very rare to have a diamond. But it doesn't have to be just for things. I can say some characteristics, some qualities. Okay, I'm very rare, like being honest, being a grave Bs, this is very rare. Okay. So all of these are good and different and unique and special characteristics if something is very grayish. Okay, well done. An expert we have which is scavengers. Scavengers type of types of animals? Yes. And all these animals actually, they are animals that can eat other dead animals. Okay? After the lion has killed a deal, for example, and the line has finished eating, the scavengers go and continue eating beans. They did not kill the deal itself, but they just go to eat it. Okay. They can eat dead things. It can you use stuff that's old? We call these scavengers. Like we can see here, we have different types of elements like the hyena. Okay? All of these are different scavengers. Good. Well done. Next words. Next and last word which is threaten. Threaten, not threaten. Threaten. Okay. Like bed or bread. Threat. Threatened. Okay. It looks like a picture of a mother and she's threatening sum, which is telling him, If you don't study well, when tenure that If you don't study well, I will. For example, if you don't study well, know playstation for one week. Okay. So she's threatening him? What does it mean to threaten means to to warn somebody? Torn or scarce somebody. Okay. To tell somebody if you don't do this or if you do this, something will happen. This is what it means to threaten somebody. Teachers do it all the time, right? Parents sometimes just do it. The boss at your work could threaten somebody. Could say this is your last time to be late, for example. Okay? So this is what it means to threaten. Somebody. Okay guys, so this was the vocabulary words for this lesson. Now excuse me for this part, I'll actually have to put on my glasses to see. Okay. So this is our convention passage about the arctic fox. Okay, let's start reading. The arctic fox is a small Fox found commonly in the Arctic regions of the world. So where can you find it? In the Arctic? Places in the world. You need a cold places. Okay. A little less than three feet in length. So it is very small. This fox is mottled Brown in the summer and pure white in the winter, so changes color actually. Adult Foxe's way between 620 pounds though, most close to six. Okay. So just six amps. Okay. It stick her coat helps insulated, which means to protect it and cover it from the freezing temperature and the wind swept Snow. Ok, so it needs the full quarter it has, it's very protective. The arctic fox is the ultimate survival. It's the best survivors. It will not. It will eat, sorry, it will eat just about anything including insects and small mammals, birds, ducks, geese, eggs, and even an occasional snowy out. Okay, so it's very hungry. It can eat all these different things. Lemmings, small mouse-like mammals, are its most common prey. So most of the arctic fox, There's something called the lemming. In fact, when populations of lemmings crash, every three or four years. So two, populations of foxes decay when landings, the number of scores down also the number of boxes every three or four years. So arctic foxes becomes scavengers. The architect folks sometimes preyed upon by polar bears. Ok. So the polar bear eats the arctic fox. Okay? So the fox could be a predator and prey at the same time. And as a result of global warming or as a result, global warming threatens the arctic fox population. As well as global warming is when the temperature becomes hotter and hotter every year. So the ice is melting and therefore the folks will not find a place to live in. A good. What else do we know about the arctic fox? Arctic fox with exons, which are females boxes can give birth to as many as 25 kids, which I baby foxes. In the springtime, we choose the largest of any carnivore. Okay. The largest of any meat eating animals. Twenty-five kids, that's, that's a lot of babies. Most literals, however, contained between 58 gets most of them just usually have five rate. Baby foxes or baby gets. Both male and female foxes help take care of the young. White arctic fox is common throughout much of the arctic regions. It is exceedingly rare. It is very rare in the Scandinavian nations of Norway, Sweden, and Finland. Okay? So it's rare that every country you find that in Norway, Sweden, and Finland, where populations never recovered from severe overhunting. Overhunting hunters will actually hunting for foxes. Okay, so they killed a lot of the foxes. Sadly. In addition, recent movements of the red fox into Arctic fox territory, probably as a result of global warming, threatens started population as well. Okay, everyone, so this is what we learned about the Arctic folks. We took some new vocabulary words within the comprehension passage. And that's it. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and I'll see you in the next lesson. Thank you very much. 8. Customs Around the World: Okay, so welcome everyone to our first intermediate lesson. This is the first convention passage named customers around the world. We will start with vocabulary and then we will look at the comprehension passage. But first let's start. What does customs around the world, or what does customs mean? Word customs, et cetera. As you can see here in this picture, we have many other words for customs. Like what can we see? You see the word tradition, belief, culture, holidays, religion, celebration, society, just to name a few, right? All of these are the different descriptions of the customs. So a certain societies customer, that means the things that this society loves to do and the things that this society does allot each country and each society and each culture has its own different customs. This is going to be our lesson. Today. Let us start with the first vocabulary words, which is Award. Awards. Very good. What can you see here in this picture? It looks like it's a cup, right? Copy made out of gold that somebody receives when he or she does something. Could Michael winnow sheet when he or she wins something. Ok. So this is an award. It doesn't have to be. It could be anything else. And it could be a metal, could be. Some people give ends even as an award or the gift certificates. So this is an award, something that you receive because you did something good. You got to look at the next word, community. I think this word is very easy. What can you see here in this picture? We see there are many different people. Write all of these people, even though they look different and they appear differently, but they form one community. So a community is a group of people that lives together in the same aiding and one in the same place or in the same conditions. We call this community. How about this word harvest? This is another word we're going to take today. Harvest. What can you see in the picture? We see a man maybe like a farmer and his farm for its on the farm. And he's collecting the grass right away, is connecting the fruit of the grass or the seeds of the grass. So he's harvesting. So to harvest, that could be used as a verb. To harvest means to connect the different things that come out of this plant. For example. About this word, ancestors. Ancestors. Think it's fairly simple and fairly easy. What can you see here in this picture? We have very, we have for elderly people. For old people, maybe they like, look like grandparents, right? We have one men and three women. So they are elder for grown-ups or the elder people or grandparents. So each person like me, for example, each person of one of us as ancestors. Ancestors are the great-great-great grandparents. They could be living now or they could be passed. So they, they died there from the past. So we call these the ancestors. People from my family that used to live in the past before these stuff. As good. About this word. We have the tree bark. Tree bark. The word bark has many meanings, like when we say the dog is barking, this is the sound of the dog, but this is a completely different, completely different meaning. As you can see here in the picture. We have the, we have many trees, right? And the, this part of the three, you know, like the stem, we call it, the bark is very strong and it's hard to cut. The call it the Barack. Ok. It's not the leaves, it's not the roots. It's not the branches. We call it the bark. The tree. Ok. Very good. Okay. In other words, which is frustration. Frustration. I'm pretty sure that we all passed through this situation before. It's a feeling, a feeling that we get. We feel, we just feel so nervous and so angry. And you're frustrated means you don't know what to do. You're trying to do something but it's, it's failing. So you feel frustrated or you feel frustrated. Like this person here in the picture, it looks angry and nervous at the monitor screen because maybe the computer is frozen foods slow. Okay, so this is how it feels to be frustrated or feel frustration. Very good. And the last difficult word for today's lesson is humorous, humorless. Think it's fairly quick, fairly easy as well. We have an emoji after emoji is laughing. So if I'm laughing at something that obviously this means that something is humans. So it's very, very funny if it's causing some human or some sense of humor. So it's humorous, means it's very funny. Very good. So these are the difficult words. And a comprehension passage. This is the compression passage for today. Customs around torqued. Let's read on and see what are some of these new customers that we're going to learn about today? On the third Monday of October. So when does this happen? On the third Monday of October, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. But among the Jamaicans, Jamaicans means the type of people that come from the country, Jamaica. Jamaicans celebrate national heroes date. This is what they do on this third Monday, October, we celebrate the national heroes. Heroes did something important. They, they honor seven men and women who are important to Jamaica's history. This is what they do on this state. They honor, it means they give awards to seven men and women who were important in the Jamaican S3. There are speeches, music, sports and dancing. So speech, music, sports. And that's it. Get awards to local heroes for helping their communities. Okay? Alright, good. So this is the first customer which we learned about in a country which is known as Jamaica. Let's look, let's look at another custom. Ok, on August 15th of the lunar calendar. So again, when does this happen? August 15th of the lunar. Lunar means the month, the moon. The moon or the Moon moths. Koreans. So from which country from Korea? Koreans celebrate to suck. Okay. It's a foreign words again, and that's why it starts with a capital letter. Okay, what does this to soak? So Koreans celebrate to suck, also known as Korean thanks giving. So it's Thanksgiving for Koreans. It's a day when people give thanks for the harvest. Nussbaum, he said harvest when they collect seeds and plants and the grass. Korean families often live their ancestors by going to their graves to take them rice, fruit, and clean the grave site. This is what Koreans do on this, to soak. It's other customers at Koreans not to do this like Thanksgiving. And they give thanks for the harvest and they visit the people. Ancestors were the people who passed away because he died by giving them rice and fruit and they clean the grave site. Again, it's a nice tradition that Koreans like to do. Another tradition and history. An interesting custom in Thailand is Louis crystal. So which country are we talking about now? We're talking about tonight. And not just the name of the customer. Normally castle. Okay, so it's a different world. And that's why we need to know about a chromosome, is a bowl made from the bark and leaves, and leaves of banana trees. Interesting. So they make a bowl, right, that's made from the bark. Remember we said Mark is the stem of the tree and the leaves also of which three and adult trees. It's decorated with a lit candle. Let just sticks and flowers. So they decorated the ISS bowls. After the rainy season. On the evening of the full moon. In November. Thai, Thai people, it means they come from Thailand. They float chromosomes on the river to pay respect to the flavor. I see what they do now. So they get these, these bones. They decorate them. They put a candle and flowers, and then they put them in prison and let them float on forever. It's amazing, right? An interesting accustomed that they love to do in Thailand. Very good. This is the final custom for today. Finland. Finland is another country. Finland has a unique, what's very modern customer. It started because some people felt angry with their cell phones, didn't work well. Ok. So how did it start? Because people were angry because their mobile phones are not working well. So these people, they wanted to express their frustration in a humorous way. They wanted to express how they were nervous in a funny way. So every summer and it has a cell phone throwing contest. So they throw away the cell phones. People throw their cell phones as far as possible. Can you imagine that? And the winner receives a prize, such as a gold medalist? Can you imagine that? Imagine living without your cell phone and you're so frustrated that it becomes easy for you to just throw it away. But in return, you will get a gold medal and you would feel happy. Again, it's an interesting custom that they love to do. Very good. So this was our lesson today. We learnt about forth new customs. And for new countries like Jamaica, Thailand, Korea, and Finland. And each of them has a different customer. Okay? So let's look at some of the questions. And of course you will find these questions in the project section down below. So let's go over the comprehension passage. And if I asked you a question, when is national heroes date in genic? Needs to have a look at this again. And when is the national heroes day in genomic? Questions, why do Koreans celebrate? Crucial. Okay, why do the Koreans celebrate too? So this is your second question. And question three. What do ties? Ties means that people who come from pilot will do ties, do for Louis. Press on. What do they do? And question, why do fins? Fins means people from Finland. Why, why do things go to the 7400 throwing contest? Why don't they go there and what do they do? Excellent guy. So I hope you enjoyed this lesson. We took some vocabulary, we read the comprehension passage, and these are some questions. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and in the next lesson we'll be taking another comprehension. Thank you very much. 9. Leonardo Da Vinci: Okay, welcome back everyone. This is our second lesson. And in today's lesson we are going to be talking about you're not ado da Vinci. Do you guys know who this person is? Leonardo da Vinci. You might have heard his name before. Maybe you haven't seen his pictures. This is his picture, right? But this is our lesson today. We want to know who is the analyser, the vinci, what did he do? Quasi, somebody famous? Let's see what we will talk about today. But let's start first with the vocabulary or the first word that we have today is. First word that we have today is inventors. Inventors. Okay, what can we see in this picture? This also looks like another famous person could be in and out of the vinci. Well, it could be somebody else. And this person managed to do something related to technology, right? Because it looks as if there's electricity coming out. So he's the one who invented this, is the one who made this. He's the one who created this. So an inventor as a person who makes something or creates something or it produces something like this person, I think it's Tesla. If you've ever heard this test up and he invented what we created this. How about the second words for today? It is curious. Curious. How? Well can you see here in the picture looks as if it's a green And it's waiting glasses. And it's asking many, it's asking many questions like what, where, why, when. Alright? So if a person is asking a lot of questions, that means this person wants to know, this person wants to know something. So we call this person, we can describe them and say that this person is curious. Okay? Sometimes it's good to the curious because you want to know something good. Or sometimes curiosity or to be curious could be something bad. Because I'm, I'm, I want to know something that isn't 3D. Mine to know it's not my business. Okay. But this is what it means. Curious. Good words for today also is dissected. Dissected. Okay. What can you see it on the picture? We have a flower and then we have the parts of the flower, right? Like the leaf stem, the petal, the stamen, and the pistil. So somebody cut all of these parts, right? So somebody dissected these parts to dissect into cut or to open insight. Like here. Somebody dissected the flower to know the different parts of the flower. Very good. Another word we will take today is corpse. Karp's. What can you see here in this picture? It looks like about D. And is this body alive or dead? This is a corpse, so this body is dead. Okay. So a corpse is a dead body. Okay. Very good. Ok. Another words, I think this is easy. I think you should know it. Shoot parachutes and see. The guy is parachuting into the skies from these sort of floating or gliding or fly in the sky. And he has this big umbrella parachute thing while templates keeping up in the air. So we call this a parachute. Very good. And of course, this very famous painting is called The One I Liza. Okay, so I think now you're getting to the member who would, in order to Vinci is because he is the person who painted this very famous painting known as the Mona Lisa. And she even has a very distinct PSMB9. Okay, so we call this painting, but one eddies are very good. And the last vocabulary words for today. This is something you may know, you may not know. But we call this person merchant. Merchants. Who is this person? Is an anonymous person working in a supermarket maybe, or any market. And he's selling something, right? In this case, in this picture is setting fruits and vegetables, right to a merchant is a person who sells subclassing. Always remember from the word market or supermarket. Okay? So is a merchant is selling something. Very good to these vocabulary words for today's discussion topic and comprehension passage. This is the comprehension passage about this famous person called, called Leonardo da Vinci. Okay, before we start, what do you think he is from the north to the venture? It sounds like an Italian name, right? Most probably. Okay. Start. Many people believed that the vinci and the Italian artist and inventor who lived from 1452, 15-19, was the most brilliant person ever born. So we got to know some things about him here. Where was he from? Is from Italy. What was he famous for or what did he do? He was an artist and he was an inventor, as we said, right? He invented something. And which year was evil? 1452. Which year did he pass away? 1590, people believe the most brilliant person ever fallen. So he's very, very, very smart and he's an amazing person. He's brilliant is x. Ok. There was certainly a man ahead of his time. So he was always better than the others and he's always thinking about the future is ahead of his time. Records show that the vinci loved the earth and was curious about everything on it. So what was he curious about? What did you want to know? You wanted to know about the Earth, the planet, the place that we live on, about the human body. E, bisected corpses to find out what was inside. Okay, so here's the cuts and open up bodies, dead bodies to know what's inside these bodies. You remember in the past, they identify advanced technology. So they didn't really know about the function of the stomach and function of the liver and the kidneys. So that's why he had to dissect these corpses. But in the 15th, 16th centuries, dissecting the dead was against the laws of the Catholic Church. Once he was doing, what he was doing, was it in his time wasn't right or was it wrong? Was wrong because it was against the knowledge of the Catholic Church. But instead he did it. And this proves Leonardo was a brave man. But this just shows that if you have a certain view and if you have a certain goal that you want to achieve, then sometimes you have to do something that might appear as wrong because he wanted to learn, he wanted to know about a human blocks. Very good. This is the another dimension. What else did he do? He was also an event. We said that inventors who creates or makes things. Leonardo invented at parachutes. Why Apple? And he designed a type of helicopter five. Yes, sorry. And design the type of helicopter five centuries before airplanes were invented. So imagine so he invented a type of punishment and also a type of a helicopter. Before airplanes were invented by five centuries. So he was ahead of his time. He did all of these fantastic things, right? Another of the Vincis majors talents was painting. One of his famous paintings. It's called the quantities are. Have you seen a print of this painting? Maybe you have been lucky enough to see the original hanging in a Paris arts museum called the loop. Okay, very good. So what type of painting that you told what was his fault? Then? One and 0s at very good. And where is this one? And these are now in a palace art museum called the loop. So the name of the museum is very good. If so, you know, the Mona Lisa has a wistful expression on her face. The painting is a real woman, the wife of an Italian merchants. So then one of these, I wasn't read woman. And she was the wife of an Italian merchant. Art historians believe she looks wistful because one of her children had recently died. Again. So this wistful expression, she's not really smiling, she's not really sad. It's just between OK. And she's feeling this way because one of her children recently Dodge, and this is what people believe. And it's many movies and many documentaries and many, many books, even in many theories, many ideas have been made about the Vincis Mona Lisa. But at the end of the day, we still don't know how well, we still don't know what it really was, why it was really painted by da Vinci. And very good case for this is we learned today about Leonardo da Vinci, who was a very famous artist and inventor. And we learned about some of the major things he did in his life. Good. So let's look at some of the questions. As always, you can find them in the project section and you can answer them there. Okay? And of course, don't forget to go over the passage before you answer. How old was the vinci when he died? The passage does not mention that. Mentioned when he died. But this is asking how old was he? Okay, so this is a trick question. Number to name two of the Vincis. Interventions invented something and he invented something else. Question three, name a famous painting by da Vinci. Okay, what was the name of his famous painting? Really easy. And question four. In which Palace Museum does the Mona Lisa? And what is the name of this museum? I think this is very easy. So that said, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. I hope you, I hope we both learned a lot about this inventor Leonardo da Vinci. And please join me in the next lesson. We'll continue our intermediate comprehension passages and vocabulary. Thank you very much. 10. Unusual Museums: Okay, welcome back everyone to Intermediate English. Today we are going to be talking about a new comprehension passage. So we are going to be taking new vocabulary words. And the name of our lesson today is unusual. Museums. Unusual museums. You probably know what a Museum is. A museum is a place that you can go to and you can watch different things related to a certain country. Now as you can see and the textures, the museum looks like an art gallery. So then using, you could say as related to arts. Okay, our lesson today is about an unusual type of museum. Let's start with the first one, the first vocabulary words we have for today, which is the Louvre. You've okay, as you can see here in the picture, it looks like it's a glass pyramid, right? And people, some people might know that this is actually the loop that is a museum. And it's a museum in the country, France. Ok. It's known for its declaration as such, it's called this design, the pyramid, the glass pyramid design. So this is the loop. Very good. About another word called anthropology. Anthropology, as you can see, the word ology means the study of biology, geology. Okay? So anthropology is the study of what? What does it say here? It says many different things in this picture. It says like what diversity, health, okay, engaged, things related to human beings, culture, cultural variation, critic and heritage. So all of these are related to anthropology culture by co-culture, things related to culture and people and human beings. Okay. We call this the study of anthropology. You got about this word. This is actually sort of an idiom or expression. And it says what? Go off the beaten path? Well, you could say also go off the beaten track. Okay. What can you see in the pictures? I can see different arrows. Right? And the arrows are going in one direction, right? They're going straight. But one of them is going off the beaten path. So do you think that needs to go off the beaten path? Am I doing the same thing? What am I doing? Something different? I'm doing something different, something strange, something unique, something maybe a little bit crazy. To go off the beaten path. This is an expression that you can use. Ok. How about this first founded? Founded. It's actually a verb, meaning it's an action. And we all know. Kfc, it's a famous restaurant for chicken, right? And this guy on the left is very famous because he appears in the picture for KFC or under logo for KFC. So I could say that this person, he founded KFC. What do you think that means? If founded KFC, that means he started PFC is the one who created KFC, introduced it, okay, it started from 0. Okay, so it's like a company and he founded this company. Do not confuse this word was found. Found is the past simple fund. Every day I find my books yesterday, I found it. Okay, but this is something else. This is the person is the founder. And he found that the company. So you could say that Steve Jobs, you know, Steve Jobs, he founded african or Bill Gates, educates a founded Microsoft. Right? Okay. How about this word? Here? I have some utensils. Utensils. Okay. They are sorts of kitchen items, right? Like spawns, a spatula, maybe. Other kitchen items. We call them utensils. So utensils are like tools, things that you can use. And of course they are valuable. About this word. The word is nutritionally. Let's take again, nutritionally. If something is nutritional, that means it's related to okay, and possibly it's rated to healthy foot. Ok. So as you can see on the picture world, have like fruits and vegetables, perhaps write F query. I believe I have cheese, tomatoes. I think this is an avocado, right? Leaves. Ok. So all of these are nutritional pins. They are related to health, they are related to food. And when you go to buy anything from the supermarket, it always has to buy a packet of something. On the back. It has the nutritional value. What does that mean? It means it has the breakdown hours, proteins, how much fat, how much energy, how much calories and so on. Okay, so something is nutritional means it's related to foot. Ok, how about this word? They're easy. Beloved. Beloved. Ok. It's actually one word, not be loved. It's one word, okay. Beloved. Ok. So what can I see? I can steer heart. Okay? And hearts usually means that I love someone. So if I know, if this person so much, and that means this person is. The left. That means his very important, very lovely, very valuable. So my life. So he's a beloved person, but my mother, my father, my grandparents, for example, my friends, my wife, they are beloved people in my life. Very good about this word. Souvenirs. Souvenirs. That looks like a small market, right? Perhaps something that you can find when you go as a tourist to buy or to contract different country. And you can buy different what? Different souvenirs. Okay. So a souvenir is like an item from a certain country or from a certain gallery or from a certain museum. Okay. It says souvenir, it's something that you can buy and you can keep. To remind me, to remind me of asserts ten clicks. And it got excellent. How about this word? Stunning? Okay, this view is absolutely stunning. That means is so, so, so beautiful. Okay, so wonderful. It's phenomenon. It's amazing. Okay. I can see the waves and the colors and the sunset. And the camera view itself. It's absolutely stunning. That means it's so wonderful, so beautiful. It's makes me like this. It's stunning. Very good. Okay, this word is exhibits. It's almost as if I'm not pronouncing the each cell. So it's exhibit and again, it's like it's like a gallery, like a show room, like a small museum. Ok. Usually for arts, maybe, as you can see, different paintings, sculpture here in the middle. So it's a different exhibits, a show for people to go and see and have a look at different things. This is an exact, Very good. How about sparkle? Sparkle. As you can see here in the picture, I have stars maybe or light, and it's very sparkly or it is sparkling. Okay, that means that it's shining, slicing up. It's very clear, very bright. And I can also use it to say that something's very beautiful. Like if I say the woman and she's sparkling, That means she's so beautiful because it's almost as if she's signing. So I could say the sun is sparkling, The moon is sparkling. His teeth receptor could be sparkly why it's beautiful. Associate sparkling. Sparkling. Very good. Excellent. How about this? Go VD. Okay. Not julie going. I can see a picture that looks as if it's very melt tape, right? It's melting a lot of liquid periods, cameramen, I think, maybe very GUI. So that means it's very liquidity. It's melting, probably has a lot of fat, lots of sugars. Okay. That means it's very groovy. Okay. Some foods are some people like to eat food. I don't like a coefficient plus some people like that. So this is what it means if something is very liquid. Gui. Very good. Excellent. Is well, the vocabulary words for this lesson. Now let's read about unusual museums. Our lesson, a Guide to unusual using. Have you been to the museum, the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, or any of those other must see museums. Well now it's time to go off the beaten path. Okay, as we said, to go off the beaten path, that means to do something different. So we have the loop. We have the National Museum of Anthropology. We have other museums that were going to be C. Let's start with the first one, which is okay, it's called the kimchi museum in Seoul, South Korea. Okay. So on as a place in South Korea, got a museum called the kimchi museum. Okay. Okay, so what does it say? If you don't know kimchi, a trip to the kimchi museum has an eye opening experience. The museum was founded in 1996 to highlight South Korea's really rich kimchi culture. South Korea has a lot of cage. They're the exhibit includes displays of cooking utensils and materials related to making, storing, and eating the famous vegetables. So what are, what is kimchi? It's a vegetable. Okay. We don't have it or maybe first time for me to hear about it, but it's a type of vegetable in South Korea. The museum also provides details about the history and nutritional benefits of South Korea's most beloved site. So it's a scientist, it's not a main dish, it's a side dish. Finally stopped by the souvenir shop to try various types of kimchi. So you can go there and you can try this kimchi and South Korea, nice. At different time. Ok, what else do we have? We have the museum of gold in Bogata or Bogota, Colombia. Ok, so imagine museum. It's not for history as a museum of cobalt, just cocked. And this isn't for quota in Columbia. Columbia. Ok. If you want to see beautiful objects, the Museum of gold is the plates. It holds. One of South America has more stunning collections. So study the taps contributors because the exhibits sparkle so brightly. You can actually take photographs without using a flash on your camera. Ok, so when you take a photo, there's no Flash because it's so bright. Not everything is made of gold. Or among the exhibits are ancient, ancient means, very old. Three Colombian items. Many of them are made from a mixture of gold and copper known as from Bagua. So it's not just cold, it's actually other different things also like Tom burger, which is called and copper mixed together. Ok, so this is another type of museum that you can find. Columbia, God lest we have, we have the chocolates Museum in Colonia, Germany. Now this is what I'm talking about. Imagine Queens Museum just filled with lots and lots and lots of chocolate. This would be absolutely amazing. Okay, so it's a place called colonia or colonia in Germany. And the stone as the chocolate. You see. Ok. So the chocolate Munich Museum with teach you everything about chocolate, from cocoa bean to candy bars. They learn and learn about chocolates, three thousand-year history, and discover how it was once used as money in South America. So the people used to use chocolate as a type of money. Okay. A real chocolate factory shows you have chocolate estimate. So after you finish the tools, you can sample a complimentary drink of rich GUI, pure chocolate. This is what you can have there. You get free of charge, drink of chocolates, spherical. We really equity, very sugary, perfect for those with a suite fixed for people who love chocolate and sugary drinks. Okay, so that's it guys. This was our lesson for today. Some new vocabulary words, and we must talk about unusual usings. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and please join me back in the next lesson where we take new, more intermediate comprehension pastures. Thank you very much and have a nice day. 11. Auroras: Okay, welcome back everyone to Intermediate English. Today we have a new lesson, or in this class we have a new lesson. And as you can see, the name of this lesson is auroras. Aurora's and autism or Laura. What are auroras? What can you see in the picture? It looks like light and shining and the sky. And it's very beautiful light. We're not sure if it's morning or night. And this is a natural phenomenon that happens sometimes in the north or in the cold areas of the world. Call it Aurora, which is a beautiful natural phenomena. So this is going to be our lesson today. Let's start with the first word, which is spectacular. As you can see, the fixture is absolutely beautiful, right? What do we have? We have trees, mountains, a nice lake, some grass here. So it's a spectacular picture or a spectacular vision. A spectacular view. That means so beautiful to look at. It's so wonderful, that is so nice. The word spectacular doesn't have to just be for visions, could be for anything. I could say. He looks spectacular in his new suit, for example, or the performance was spectacular, datasets just stolen. I still look like this picture. For example, X and the next word we have is interactions. Yes, interactions. The prefix inter, our means when people, okay, there's intro, which means it myself. And inter means between people. So actions between people, interactions, actions between people. As you can see in the picture, we have four different people and they have interactions. Means they affect one another. Maybe this person affects him and he affects the big one and the big one affects him and he affects this one and so on. There's an interaction, there is a relationship, there is a mutual relationship of affecting one another. Like for example, I could say there is an action between the teacher and the student, okay? There is an interaction between the environment and people, okay? Because the environment affects us. Okay? So it doesn't mean talking, just means there is a relationship of given take between two different things to different people. Very good. Next word we have is collide or collisions. I was like, okay, whereas if it's the noun, that is first, collisions. Okay? Okay. As you can see, for example, there are two cars and two cars collide. So they touch each other, they hit each other, they bumped into each other. So there was a collision, means they both collided into each other, they became one another, for example, to collide. It doesn't have to be cars. It could be anything. Okay. People they collide into each other. There couldn't mean I'm I'm I bumped into a person. Or it could actually mean that I'm 5-10 also with a professor. Ok, so I'm colliding with this person. For the next word we have is emit. Now, it's a bit hard to find a picture for it that explains. So let's focus on a sentence. The sentence was, the sentence says, the factory was emitting smoke. Now, what do we know about factory? Factory is the place in which, and the factory is emitting smoke. Okay, that means what? It is producing smoke. So emit another word for produce. Like if I asked you the sun, for example, what does the sun emit? The sun emits energy, light energy, sunlight, it. But to emit, that means to produce some people, their character is so nice and charismatic and confidence. So they are emitting positivity, for example, or they are emitting confidence or anything, positive energy. Okay. An expert we have is convert a critic. Sure you see this one all the time. To convert, for example, from a pdf file into a PowerPoint file was to convert from PDFs to Excel or from pdf to Microsoft Word, for example. So to convert means to change was changed the format of something. To convert from one state to another state, like from converting from liquid to gas, from gas to solid, and from liquid to solid and so on. Well done. Okay, upon this world, vast, vast, what can you see here in the picture? It's a very nice picture of c. The c is so vast. That means it's so big. It's huge, it's very wide. Okay. It's so vast. Ok. Now usually we say vast with feelings. I have vast, vast amount of love, for example, a vast amount of feelings, vast knowledge of something. Okay, so it's a very nice, worst, fast. Excellent. How about this word? Glowing? Glowing. As you can see? I think this is the sun. The sun is glowing. That means it's shiny. It's very bright. So it's glowing. Okay. So what clothes? You could say the moon glows at night. Where the stars are glowing at night, for example. Or you can say a person is glowing. This person so drives, so beautiful, for example. Okay, how about this word arc? Arc? As you can see, it is not a straight line. Instead it is an arc. So it looks like an angle, right? It's an arc. Like some group. Some groups. They have this arc crew, for example, our arc ceiling. Okay? So it has like an inverted U shape. Okay? This is what we call an arc. So okay, well done. We have also the world flare. Okay. Which sounds a bit like fires. Right? And yeah, it's a southern southern light. Justice. A certain amount of light, for example, we call it layers, could be useful light colors for fire. A flashlight even has a flair. That means it has a certain amount of light coming out of it. Very good guys. And the last word we have is witness. Okay. Now witness actually have two meetings. First of all, this is a course. Okay. They're sitting in a course. This woman, she is the judge. Judge. Okay. And this person is a lawyer, right? For example, he's asking the questions. Okay. Whereas this person is he's answering what he has witnessed. Ok. What's he has seen? Certain crime. It's called witness because he's going to answer and say What's he knows what he saw. Ok. So we actually call this person also. The witness becomes witness on its own. Means to see something. So to witness means to see something. As in this picture for example, we have eyes. Eyes are responsible for seeing and witnessing or noticing things. X. And so these were the vocabulary words for this lesson. Are okay. Now let's start with the comprehension passage about what owners, okay, let's read along. Okay. Auroras, often called Northern Lights. Aurora Borealis. Ok. That's the name of the program. And Southern lights, Aurora Australis are spectacular light displays most commonly viewed in the polar regions. Okay, so where do we see the rulers in the polar regions, the North regions? Because of interactions between earth magnetic fields and solar winds. So there's an interaction, there is a relationship affecting magnetic field to the solar wind, meaning some wind. The solar wind is a stream of charged particles emitted from the sun's corona that travels far into space at speeds of up to 400 miles per second. Can you manage it? So as very, very fast, these charged particles within the solar winnings collide with atmospheric atoms and molecules when they reach Earth's magnetic field. Okay? So basically, there are some particles that leaves the sun and they hit the atmosphere and the earth and the magnetic field specifically. So this creates the neurotransmitter that is read along. The collisions cause quantum leaps. Which means the kinetic energy within the electrons of the particles are converted to light. Yeah, so this energy changes into light energy. The collisions of different particles result, result in different colored lights. There are many different lights, colors for the owners. Atomic oxygen produces the red and green lights. Interesting. Nitrogen produces pink, blue, or violet light. Helium produces purple lights, and neon produces ripples, orange light. And so we have different gases, like oxygen, nitrogen, helium, neon. And each of these gases produces a certain color or light. What else do we have? Auroras come in a vast, estimating a big array of shapes, many different shapes and forms, such as arcs, right? Swirls, curtains, glowing shapes. They often appears to be moving. Auroras often occurred as a result of a GO magnetic storm. A geo magnetic storm is the temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field. As a result, funny event in space, such as, such as a solar flares, coronal mass ejection, which as we said, is the ejection of charged particles from the sun's corona. In noteworthy GO magnetic storms. Or as can be seen well, south or north of where they usually occurs. Exons. Okay, so this is beautiful. What else do we know? The famous Great GO magnetic storms of 1859. This is what happened in the past in 1859, there were great Geo magnetic storms produced what witnesses called the most spectacular, called the most spectacular auroras ever see. So spectacular, it was beautiful. Such auroras were seen for the United States, Japan, and Australia. Day event lasted for almost a week. This was absolutely beautiful. And I'm pretty sure that people enjoyed seeing it in 1859 because it was absolutely spectacular. X and guides for this was our lesson for today about auroras. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and make sure please to check out the rest of our lessons for next lesson. Thank you very much. 12. Amelia Earhart: Okay, Welcome everyone back to intermediate English comprehension passages. And in this lesson we're going to be talking about this person, Amelia Earhart. Some of you may know this Amelia Earhart. For some others, this person is new. First of all, is it a boy or a girl? It's a girl, but she has short hair. And what do you think her job is? Asked? Too many people and they said that it looks like as if there's a plane behind her. And that's right. So she's a pilot. Okay. She used to fly planes. And as you can see from this picture, the picture is in color or black and white. It's black and white. Okay. So most probably that means it is a real picture from the past. And this amelia, Amelia Earhart is a real person. Okay, so this is going to be our lesson about Amelia Earhart. Let's start with the vocab boards. The first vocabulary word we have for today is flight. Very easy flight. What can you see here in this picture? I can see a plane, whether the plane is going up or going down. If I'm going on a plane, then I'm having a flight. That means I'm flying from one place to another place. This flight could be one hour, two hours, five hours, seven hours or even more. And this is the plane that we have nowadays. So this is a flight to travel from one place to another by plane. When he got the second vocab word we have is purchase. Purchase, which is a verb. As you can see here in the picture. What does the boy doing? The boy looks as if he is in the shop and he is buying something. So he is giving money to the cashier and he's taking something in return. Looks like a video game or a mobile or something. So he is purchasing something. To purchase something simply means to buy something. Okay. So if I ask you, for example, what was the last thing that you purchased? You might see, I purchased food. I purchased a mobile phone, I purchased a car, purchase the flat. I purchased clothes, I went shopping online, for example, I purchased stuff online. All of this. Very good. Next word we have is pilot and a copilot. The pilot is the one on the left. The co-pilot is the one on the right. What does their job? They're responsible for controlling the plane, right? But we don't say drive a plane, we say fly a plane. So the pilot and co-pilot, they are responsible for flying the plane. And the word or the prefix co means helping move together. So the copilot, that's his job. He helps. The main pilot. Okay. They're responsible for flying the plane or the helicopter or anything that flies in the sky. Very good. Next word or expression that we have is break records. Break records or breaking records. What can you see here in the picture? It says first, okay, If I am breaking records, that means I'm becoming the best one or I'm becoming the highest one, I have the best score, or I'm the first at doing something. You find this all the time with sports breaking records. You'll find that in video games also getting a new high score to break the records. That means there was a previous record that you broke for solve. Someone else had the previous record and you broke it and you got a higher record or a better. So that means you became the first. Well done. Next what we have is captivated. Captivated, which could be as an adjective or a verb, to be captivated by something. As you can see, this emoji is completely in love with something. Okay? So to be captivated by something, that means you're amazed by something. I'm captivated by a film. I'm captivated by the view of the sunset. I'm captivated by the sky, by the moon. I'm captivated by someone's beauty. That means I'm so amazed by it. It was so amazing to be captivated. So if I ask you, for example, What were you cap or what are you captivated by? Okay, Next one we have is international and national. T is promised shot. Okay? So in turn, national. As you can see, this is the picture of the world, the whole globe. And there are many, many countries around the world. Like Brazil, Canada, America, UK, African countries for example, South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, lots of different countries. Australia. Okay, so if something is in France, so if something is international, Do you think it's in one country or in many different countries? Many different countries. Okay. Something is international means between countries or over many different countries. Like Internet for example, Internet is something international now. Okay, I've done this word is theory. The O, R, Y, but the OH, is silent. So I don't say, I say theory. What can you see here in the picture? It looks like a light bulb. And written on it idea. Okay, So if someone has a theory, that means that this person has an idea, however, this idea is not sure, he's not sure of it. It's not proven. Like if I say for example, I have a theory that tomorrow it will rain. I'm not sure. Maybe your children maybe it will not. So it's just an idea that I have about something, but I'm not really sure of it. I'm no, it's not proven. And this is what scientists do all the time. Whenever they want to discover something or they want to test something, they always have a theory, an idea, OK, and then try and test to see if they are right for if they are wrong. Okay? So if I ask you, for example, what does the theory of yours something that you have an idea about? What is your theory? Okay, next word we have is prisoners. Prisoners. As you can see it in the picture. This is a man and he is behind bars. Like maybe he is in a jail or a cell or a present. So that means this person is present. Awesome. Okay. Maybe he did something but he did something wrong, like stealing or killing or cheating or doing something, something bad. So that's why he became president as well done. As for this picture, which is not a nice pictures, not a nice word. The word is crash, brush like this. Okay. If something crashes, that means it's being broken. It's crashing into something, gets hit into something very, very hard. Okay. And it usually makes a sound with it, like imagine this car flipped right over, so it crashed into something and made very terrible noise and may damage everywhere. So crashed. Well done. This picture is over. This word is about disappearance. Okay. Disappearance. Who was this person? Do I know this person? Can I see this first one? No. Okay. I can only see the glasses and I can see the suit. But I the person himself, the person disappeared. So what do you think disappeared means? Can I see him or can I not see him on I don't know where he went. I don't know where he went and I can't see you. So this person disappeared. Just like sometimes I'm searching for my mobile phone and it disappears. Monkeys, they could disappear, means I can't find them. Okay, So if there's a disappearance, that means it vanished. It is not a layer. You cannot see it, you cannot find it. Well, don't like when you say the sun disappeared behind the clouds. Okay. There's hiding, for example, behind the clouds. Very good. Next word we have is drown. Drown, just like a down drown. Okay. I can see a person and the person is falling in the water or in the C. Okay. So that's why this person is drowning. Drowning means if a person has fallen on the Walters and he or she cannot breathe anymore, this means this person is drowning. Okay? With objects or ships, we say they are sinking, but with people, okay, there are drowning. Very good. The last one, the last World Cup old we have for this lesson is inspiration. Okay, not inspiration. Inspiration. And as you can see on the picture, we have so many words like motivation, attitude, success, performance, support, idea, goals. Okay? To have inspiration, that means to have a reason to do something. Okay? Or if someone gives me inspiration, that means that this person makes me want to do something. Like if I see my mother inspires me to be a chef. That means she's giving me ideas or she makes me want to be a chef just like her. Okay? Cristiano Ronaldo for example, a famous footballer inspires me to be a football player. Okay? So he's giving me hope, he's giving me motivation, giving me reasons to be a good football player. Which is a very good feeling, this inspiration. Okay? So if I ask you who gives you inspiration and to do what? Okay, Well done. These were the vocab words. Now it's the comprehension passage about Amelia Earhart, as you can see you in the picture on the right. And she was a real person. Let's see what happened to have a video. Earhart was born on July 24th, 1897 and Acheson, Kansas at her grandparents house. Okay. So 1897, that was almost a 120 something years ago. And she was born in her grandparents house. Her love for flying was born when her father took her to an aerial show. An aerial show me in meaning a flight show or show for flyer for flying on airplanes in which she got to ride in a flight over Los Angeles. Okay. So she traveled to or over Los Angeles? Even though she was very young and media started taking flying lessons with Anita snuck at Kino field near Long Beach, California. Okay. So still she's young, but she's taken now flying lessons. She soon became an excellent pilot. And July 1920, Emilia purchased, remember we said purchased means she bought, she bought she purchased a plane in July 1920. It was her first plane. She named it the canary, because it could fly as high as a bird in the sky. Okay. So what was the name of it? That canary? An October of 1922. Just a few years after taking up flying, she began trying to break records. Remember breaking records, that means she wants to be the first, she wants to be the best. In 1935, Amelia started planning for an around the world flight. On June 1st, 1937. Amelia Earhart and copilot thread normal set off the fly around the world. Okay. So she did not travel alone internationally. She traveled with her co-pilot Fresno than the first the first flew to San Juan, Puerto Rico, which is a country, and then eastward toward Africa. Okay. So they went to Paris to recall, and then after that, decided to take East and go to Africa. Very good. After that, what happened? Emilia reached Emilia reached lie, New Guinea on June 29th. They had flown 22000 miles. That's a lot, and had 7 thousand left to go. So that was a very long flight, a very long trip. Obviously, Amelia had become an international hero and international hero. A hero all over the world. And the whole world was captivated by her determination. However, troubled looked for Aemilia and Fred. There was a problem. Emilia and thread with ofcourse, of course means they lost the correct path. They were in the wrong direction and lost over the past Pacific Ocean. They got lost over the Pacific Ocean. They did not have enough gas to reach their target. They didn't have enough gas. That was a problem. Emilia and Fred would never be seen or heard from. Again. Nobody saw, nobody heard from this. Amelia Earhart. Nobody knows what happened to. Imagine. To this day. There are many theories concerning the disappearance of Amelia Earhart. Many people have many ideas, but nobody knows for sure. Some say per plane crashed and the ocean and she drowned. This is the first theory that she crashed and she drowned. Others say her plane crashed, but she was taken prisoner. The Japanese, this is the second theory that the plane crashed and she was taken presentation. Still. Others believe Emilia. Emilia returned to the States statesman's America and lived as a housewife in New Jersey. This is another theory that people believe, and this is a good theory that she returned back to the States and she lived there as a housewife. But what do you think? What do you think really happen to her? That she crash or she taken precedent? Or did she returned and live as a housewife? What do you think? The world will probably never know what happened to Amelia Earhart? Nevertheless, she remains a hero and inspiration to millions around the world. She's a hero and she's an inspiration. She gives hope to millions of people to do the same because she was a very famous female pilot. Okay, Excellent guys. This was our lesson about Amelia Earhart. I hope you enjoyed it. As always, you will find some questions in the project section on Amelia Earhart and on this comprehension passage. Okay, I hope you liked it and please make sure to check out the next lessons. Thank you. 13. Cartoons: Okay, Welcome back everyone to our new lesson. And your comprehension passage, new vocab words. This lesson is called our cartoons or was nice. Of course we all know cartoons revolve. Watch them when we were very young. And some of us still like to watch cartoons nowadays. Okay. But are they always nice? This is the question we're going to be answering in this lesson. As you can see here in the picture, there are so many types of cartoons, like SpongeBob, Donald Duck, The Simpsons, recess, the binky and the brain. I believe it was called the Smurfs. Okay, so many different types of cartoons. Let's start with the first four coupled we have, which is anguished. Anguished. As you can see here in this picture. This man is very, very, very upset. So he's in pain, is very, very upset, extreme upstairs. Upset. Right. So he's very upset and call this anguished to be an emotional pain, which is not a good feeling. Of course. Next one we have is fortunately. Fortunately. Okay. Imagine if this module speaking to be singled, few, like this, like, thank God, few. That was lucky, right? So fortunately means good news or Luckily, like something bad was going to happen, but fortunately, it did not happen. Okay. I woke up late. Fortunately, I still arrived on time. I was sick. Fortunately, I caught better quickly. Okay. So fortunately, fortunately just means good news or something bad happened, but fortunately, something could also happen. Well done. How about this feeling? Dumb founded the B, the letter B, silent. Okay, So it is dumb founded. This is from actually a movie called home alone. You might note a hand to be dumbfounded, as you can see, he's to be in shock. Okay? You're speechless. You're like, wow, you can't believe what's going on. Okay? So your dumbfounded. So you're speechless. You don't want to say, you don't want to do shock or surprise. Tell me a situation in which you were dumbfounded. Think about it. Well done. Next word we have is bleeding. Okay. As you can see here, the the girl, she cut her fingers for example. So it is bleeding. Bleeding means that there's blood coming out. Okay. This happens it's happened to all of us that sometimes you cut your finger or you cut something so blood comes out or it means that a person is bleeding. But I got how about this word? Analyze, analyze. And in the picture it says, analysis. Analyze as a verb and analysis as a noun. Okay? To analyze something as you can see it on the picture, means to think about it carefully, to check everything about it. Okay? To make it into groups, to make it into charts, to think about it mathematically, to make ideas. Okay, you really, really, really analyzing everything means you're focusing on every single detail. It's very important. Okay, so we can analyze certain things. Well done. How about this word? Carefully? Or to be careful? As you can see here in the picture, there's a man and there's a sign that says the sign is trying to say that, please walk carefully so that you don't fall on the banana. So please walk carefully. Simply means what? Please take care. Please do something with care. Because it might be dangerous, like holding something heavy. Hold it carefully. Holding a baby. You have to hold them carefully. If someone is sick, you have to treat them. Treat them well and treat them with care. Be careful with it, right? Okay. Don't touch something hot, you have to be careful. Don't walk on slippery floor because you might fall. So you have to be careful. You have to do it carefully. Very good. The next one we have is effective. Effective. As you can see here in the picture. We have people and they're trying to push the boxes. 1, 2, 3, 4 people are trying to push the boxes. And the one who is pushing the circle, the only one who is effective. So what do you think affective means? Effective simply means that I'm doing the job. Okay, I'm getting a good result, good-quality, so I'm very effective. You can also say, if I say for example, the medicine is effective, that means it has good results on me. It is working on me. Okay. If I say the plan was effective, that means the plan worked. Okay. The job was effective. The drug worked. Okay, so it's getting good results or it's working as it should work to be effective. Very good. Next, what we have is to pay attention. The teacher always says, says this in class, please pay attention. That means what? Please focus. Please listen. These concentrate. Okay, please look at me and pay attention. Okay? So obviously it's very important to pay attention when I'm driving. To pay attention if my friend is upset, to pay attention when I'm holding something heavy. To pay attention if I'm answering an exam. Okay? It's very important to pay attention to be concentrated and focused. Well done. Next word we have is behavior. Behavior. Okay? We have good behavior, we have bad behavior. We have strange behavior. We have any kind of behavior. Behavior simply means how a person or a thing acts. Okay, good behavior would be saying, not saying Hi, saying nice things, saying Thank you. But bad behavior is what? Pushing other people, shouting, saying by the world's stealing for example, all of this, his bad behavior. How about strange behavior? If a person is quiet, maybe too quiet. If a person is upset, this could be strange because I don't know why, right? So the behavior simply means how a person acts. Very good. How about this word? I think this one is very easy. Message. Message. A message is something that you get on your phone. For example, someone has sent a message, so it's written words. Okay? Also, every company or every person has his or her own message. Okay, that means they have their own thing that they would like to spread. Okay, their own goals or their own visions, their own hopes, okay? So they spread this message, the spread what they believe in or what they trust in, for example. Okay, This is also called message, something that to spread or something that you send on phones or mobile apps or whatever. Very good. How about this word sphere time? Spears time just like free time, we call it spear. Spear means extra free time. And of course we have so many free time activities or spare time activity. Some people just sit and relax and do nothing. This is also what they could do in their spare time. Very good. In other words, we have is agonizing pain, just like anguished. This is another word. If something is agonizing means it's too much, it's very hard. If I have an agonizing pain. And that means the pain is so so so hard so much. Okay. It's so bad. Like, I can have an agonizing pain in anywhere in my body. Okay. That means it's so bad, so hard to much very good. Last word we have is content. Content. Content. Usually when you open any book, there's always a content pages. The first page has the contents, right? Content simply means. What is inside? It doesn't have to be a book. Okay. The content means something inside, like the contents of the fridge, contents of the box, the contents of the book, something that is inside somewhere. Very good guys to this. These were the vocab words for this lesson. Now, let's read about a comprehension passage. Are cartoons, hours. Nice. Okay, The first time I took my daughter to the movie theater, fewer 6 and the movie was bandy. Okay. So this, There's a man token or a woman talking saying that they took their daughter to movie theater when she was six years old and the movie was Bambi. Has anyone seen Bambi? It's about a deer, a very, very famous cartoon. And about the deer. I'm a movie is lawful. So I had, I had chosen it carefully and thought a cartoon movie would be an effective introduction to the seventh art world. Okay? Of course, cartoons are good for six-year-olds. So maybe that's why he or she felt up. This cartoon would be good. Everything was going just fine until band is mother was shot and killed. This does happen in the movie, if anyone knows this movie, Bambi, mother a shot and killed. My daughter, got anguished and asked to go home in the middle of the movie. So the daughter, she really felt upset and pain, right? Fortunately, later choices turned out okay. And she likes movies as much as I do. So that's interesting because I never thought about Bambi in this way. But the model that the dear mother in details get killed. And this might upset many viewers. So my point is our cartoons really safe for kids or two parents need to pay attention to the type of cartoons kids are watching during their spare time. This is a very good question. The, the writer is coming up with, is asking himself and asking other people, should parents pay attention to this? Once I sat on the sofa to watch a cartoon with my eight-year-old son. This is a different scenario. Say sitting at home, on the sofa watching a cartoon with his son and got completely dumbfounded. When I realized a cartoon character was agonizing in pain again, right in front of us, leading as if it was an action adult movie. So he was in shock, completely, completely in shock because he saw this in the cartoon movie. An eight-year-old also saw this. Okay, someone is bleeding. And a cartoon movie, very, very dangerous, right? Everyone knows that the cartoon, the Simpsons, doesn't spread nice manners or behavior. If anybody knows the Simpsons, It's usually the family there. They look yellow. Okay. But what about the kids stuff they display in the afternoon for young children? The next time you take a kid to the movies, maybe a cartoon doesn't make the best choice unless you take the time to watch it and analyze its content first. Okay, So this is his point. This is what he wants to show that people should think and watch a cartoon by themselves first and analyze the content. And then take the children to watch this cartoon. Or you take the risk of exposing your child to messages she or he isn't prepared to get yet. Okay. So the child might really be affected by what he or she sees in this cartoon, which is not the best thing, of course. Okay. That wasn't guys. Do you agree? Do you disagree after reading this passage? Are cartoons almost nice thing about this. And you will have some questions to answer in the project section. I hope you enjoyed these vocab words and the comprehension passage. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and please make sure to answer the questions in the project section. And I'll see you in the next lesson. Thank you very much. 14. Leisure Time: Welcome back everyone to another lesson. This lesson is about leisure time. Leisure time. Now this word is actually pronounced leisure also. So it's either plums leisure or leisure. Okay? And from the lesson, it's about some sort of time. Okay, Let's start with the vocab words first and then we can read about leisure time. The first vocab word we have is leisure. Okay, and now you can guess what it means. Based on this picture. I can see what either playing football or playing with my friends, painting, playing computer games, reading, riding a bike, playing a musical instrument, writing, maybe playing tennis, playing sports. All of these are leisure time activities. So leisure time, do you think it means work? Or do you think it means three times? Three times. Very good. So leisure simply means three time. There are other types of leisure activities. Okay? There are so many types of leisure activities. What is your favorite leisure activity? The next one that we have is quorum bookworm. Very good. As you can see here in the picture. It looks as if there's a worm that's wearing glasses and it's reading a book. Okay? So that means this creature or this bookworm is very studious. Very well. What is this? What am likes to read, likes to know information, likes to read a lot of books in their hands. Okay, So if a person has a bookworm, it doesn't mean that he is an actual worm. It simply means that he or she likes to read, likes to get to know new information, likes to read books specifically about anything, any topic in the world. So okay. So are you a bookworm? Yes or no? Do you like to read? Very good. The next word we have is adventure. Again, this is another type of leisure activity. Some people like to do it to go on adventures. As you can see here in the picture, we have a man. He's wearing a bag. And maybe in this bag, it has water, it has food. He has maybe a small tent, maybe a torch, maybe a campus to know the direction. And he is going to discover the world, whether it's the desert or the mountain, or the grass or the hill. Okay, So to go on an adventure means to travel or to discover the world, discover niche. Okay? There are many types of adventure movies, adventure books. Okay, So what about you? Do you like, do you like to do this activity? Do you like to go on adventures? That I got? Next word we have is science fiction. Science fiction. Okay. What can you see here in the picture? It looks as if it's something out of a movie that's talking about the future. Okay? I can see a huge planet and Spaceship. Okay, So it's something that's really, really advanced technology. And therefore, science fiction. Fiction means story, and science means science, technology. So it's a story about the future, about technology, about space. All of this is called science-fiction. Okay? Star Wars, for example. The Avengers movies could be considered also science-fiction. Okay. Star Trek. All of this is science fiction. Good. So do you like science fiction? Yes or no? The next word we have is intention. In tension. The t at the end is pronounced in 10, shown that a good, If I have an intention to do something, that means I am planning to do it or I want to do it. Like if I have the intention to travel next week, that means I have the plan to travel or I want to travel. It's something that I really wanted in my heart. As you can see in the picture, it's in my heart. So I really want to do it. It is my desire, my wish, my intention. Very good. Next word we have is athletic. Athletic. Okay. Looks as if it's a sport. People are running and the runner, the runner at the front is actually a famous Ronald Usain Bolt. Very, very, very fast and running as a type of sport, right? So if a person is very supportive, likes to do sports, then this person is athletic. Okay? It doesn't have to be running. It just simply means that the person does sports, any sports, football, tennis, basketball, bowling, even running. All of these are considered sports. So I am athletic. I do sports. But a good next word we have is adrenaline. Adrenaline. Adrenaline. Okay. Again, somehow related to sports and adrenaline rush, which are, as you can see here, extreme sports like, you know, jumping high in the sky or the parachute or climbing rocks or cycling and over the mountains. All of these make me feel very, very, very excited as if my heart is pumping. Okay, boom, boom, boom, like this. So I feel an adrenaline rush. That means I'm so energetic, I'm so excited. I feel so happy. And I want to do something. This is an adrenaline rush. Okay? So people have the adrenaline rush when they are playing video games. Okay? Because they're so focused and they're so active and they're so into the game. So it's very exciting. So they're always jumpy and active. That means they have this adrenaline that are good. Another type of support we have is wind surfing. As you can see here, that easy. This man is wind surfing, is using surfboard plus it has like the sale or something. So he needs the wind to be able to go windsurfing. And of course, he's not supposed to touch. The water is not of who's not supposed to fall in the water. This port is called wind surfing. Have you ever tried when suffering before? Okay. Very good. The next one we have is scuba diving. Scuba diving. As you can see here, this is a man or a woman may be underwater. They went down, down, down, down, down deep into the water. They have an oxygen tank to breathe and they are scuba diving. Okay. So they are going down, down deep into the, into the sea and they are searching for things or they're looking at the lovely fish creatures and the coral reefs. Okay? They want to take pictures or take a video recording, for example, with the camera. Okay, We call this scuba diving. A lot of people like to do this and it's a very interesting sport. But of course you need a lot of strength to be able to swim. Very good. So have you ever tried scuba diving? And if you want to go scuba diving, where would you go? And I've got another word we have is football pitch. At the football pitch, as you can see, this is like the playground. It's either grass, usually green grass, and we call it the football pitch. Okay. So not just for football. There could be a pitch for basketball at pitch for a volleyball, pitch for tennis. Okay. Pitches just the, the area that the play and or the place that they play in this game. What W1, x1, the next one we have to describe a person. I could say this person is very sociable. Okay. Cia hears cramps shot. So sociable. Okay. What do you think it means? They're happy, they're friendly. They like to go out. They like to make new friends. They like to be together. Very nice. You don't get angry. That means that person is very sociable. Ru, or social one-person. Good. Now that pixel we have another vocab words we have is concert. Concert. A lot of people like to attend music concerts. As you can see, there are people on stage and they are playing some sort of music. And this is a show, or it has a concert. Many types of concert. People are going there and they're watching the people on stage play music. So we call this a music concert or a concert. Very good. These were the vocab words for this lesson. Here are some questions related to these folk art boards. We have sociable, adrenaline, bookworm, and leisure. Okay, let's try and complete this. My brother is very space. He loves meeting new people. My brother is very wallet. In my space time. I go to the swimming pool, in my spacetime, which spacetime? I have or n, space rush. When I'm playing video games, what do I have? When I'm playing video games? How do I feel? And I'm a space. I love to read lots of books. Okay, well, does that make me, I think the Volcker boards are very easy. You can answer them by yourself to have fun. And now for the comprehension passage about leisure time, we have for people, for teenagers. The first one, her name is Elizabeth. Elizabeth as a girl and she's 18 years old. Okay. What does she like to do in our free time or in our leisure time? Or does she say, I'm what you call a book one, I find nothing more entertaining than staying at home and reading a good book. Okay. So what does she like to do? She likes to read, She's a bookworm. I read anything from adventure to science fiction. So she needs adventure, science-fiction and others. If I start reading a book, I don't put it down until I finish it. My parents are constantly complaining that I don't get out much, but I have no intention of changing. Okay. So she likes to read lots of books. And this is making her parents upset because she's not going out much. Which is interesting because it's usually the opposite. Usually the parents are upset that their child IS goes out too much and should stay at home and read and more and studying. Okay. But Elizabeth, she likes reading and this upsets the parents. Okay. Very good. I've recently started writing and I hope to write a best seller in the future. She even likes writing, and she wants to become a writer and author when she grows up. I also spend a lot of time surfing the net. Last week, I came across a site for people interested in writing and I became a member. Since then, I've had the opportunity. Opportunity means the chance I've had the chance to talk to people with similar interests. What interests, the reading and bright? And it's nice to know that I'm not so out of the ordinary. Okay. So this is follow Elizabeth. Elizabeth, this is what she likes to do and her own leisure time. Very good. How about James? James is 17 years old, again, is a teenager and he is a boy. What does he like to do? My idea of fun is anything that's related to sports. I've always been supportive and athletic and I'm willing to try whatever will get my adrenaline going. Okay. He likes to have the adrenaline. Unlike many people my age, I don't enjoy going out to cafes. He doesn't like going to cafes. I love doing things that keep me outdoors in the natural environment. So he likes niche. I became a member of rock of a rock climbing club about three years ago. He likes to climb rocks. And I must admit that I've had a lot of fun. I've met lots of interesting people. And I've also been to a lot of interesting places. Besides this. I also find water sports great. So he likes rock climbing and water sports. I've been windsurfing for ages, and I've also recently started taking scuba diving lessons. Wow. This is James, 17 years old, and he likes to do so many, many athletic things, like rock climbing, scuba diving. What else? Went surfing. Anything else? Water sports. Yeah. So he likes to do so many different things in nature. Very good. How about Bruce? We have another boy. His name is Bruce. He's 16 years old. Okay. His similar style lot of people now, why? Because he says, I'm really into surfing the net. He likes to use the net and playing strategy games on my computer. He likes to play computer games. I've been playing computer games ever since my father got my first computer when I was six. So ten years ago, when he was six years old, he caught his first computer. When I'm not playing computer games. I tend to be out and about out and about means he likes to call out also my friends and I spent a lot of time at the local football pitch. He likes to play football. So although I'm not so athletic, I do get some exercise. Okay. So he likes playing them, surfing the net, playing games, and also sometimes football. I'm also into hanging out at the local mall. My friends and I either go to the cinema or to our cafe. So again, it's a very normal boy. Bruce does so many different things. I go to the cinema and also go to the cafe and other things. This is Bruce. Well done. How about Jenny? Jenny is 19 years old. What does Jenny in Chinese, a girl, what she liked to do? He says What I'm very sociable and hang out in the in places. Okay. I'm very sociable and hang out all and all of that in places. In places means the the popular places. I have lots of friends and love meeting people. At the weekends. I usually go somewhere to dance. When I was five, my mother took me to the contemporary school of dance. Contemporary means like modern school of dance or new. And since then, I have never stopped dancing. So she likes to dance. I also love music and go to concerts very often. She also likes music. On top of that, I'm a member of a local Theater Group. Theatre means she even likes to act on stage. And we put on performances every, every once in a while. We have a lot of fun choosing the place and rehearsing. She likes to choose the plays, and she likes to rehearse in front of people. So she likes to act onstage. Since I joined the group, I've taken part in three different place. It's not only fun, but also very rewarding. Very good. So this one is Jenny. She likes dancing, music and acting. And the all. And she enjoyed it. We have four people, as we said, and each of them likes something different. Okay, So this was about leisure time. Okay, I hope you enjoyed this lesson everyone as well as you will find some questions in the project section and you can answer them layer. Okay, please, if you like this lesson, make sure to follow and to check, check out the next lessons. Thank you very much. 15. Coldest Continent: Okay, Welcome back everyone to another conclusion passage called the coldest continent. What can you see here in the spectrum? It looks as if there's ice and there's Walters, and it's a place on Earth. This is known as the coldest continent. So let's start with the vocab words. The first vocab word we have is continent. This is planet earth, surrounded by land and water. And we have these lands are known as continents. So we have North America. This is a continent. South America as a continent. Africa is a continent. Europe is a continent, Asia is a continent. Australia, the continent. And then we have at the bottom and at the top also because it's a circle. We have Antarctica. Antarctica is the coldest continent. Okay, Very good. So how many continents do we have? 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, seven continents on this planet. Where do you live? I live in the UK, for example. So this would be in Europe. Europe content tablet you, which continent do you live on? Very good. An expert we have is temperature. Temperature. As you can see, I have skills for the temperature. Temperature means how hot, how cold it is. On the left, for example, it looks as if it's red. That means the temperature is very high and very hot. Okay, whether it is F for Fahrenheit, see four Celsius. And on the right, the temperature looks as if it's blue. Red means it's very cold, very low. Okay. So this is the temperature. Temperature means the degrees, the degrees of how cold or how hot the weather is. Very good. So how about where you live? Is the temperature cold or is it hot? Good. X 12 we have is explorers. One explorer and many explorers. As you can see here in the picture, is a famous people. Famous explorers. Explorers. For explorer means a person who traveled the world and wanted to discover new areas. New places like Christopher Columbus for example. Okay, so people that traveled in the past to discover something. How about now? Do we explore things? Yes, we still explore things. You could explore space, you could explore, even on Google when you're searching for something this is called also exploring. So you're searching for something to know and to learn. Okay? So it's always very good to explore and get me my summation, get new knowledge, tried to learn new things that are good. Next, what we have is fossil or fossils. As you can see here in the picture, I see bones, bones of a dead animal, probably maybe dinosaurs. Because dinosaurs lived in the past. We don't have now. But how do I know that they lived in the past? I can know from the fossils. Fossils means the remains are the bones that I can find in the ground for something that lived in the past, like this dinosaur, for example, fossils. Have you ever seen fossils at a museum, for example. Got next word we have is called Not cool. Cool. Okay. What color is the coal? It looks as if it's dark gray or black. Okay. Call is a type of material that we use to burn to burn for trains. Okay? So it gives us energy. This coal gives us energy. It's a material that can be found also in the ground on Earth. Okay, so this coal is burned or something is black and use it, it's very, very valuable. Very good. About these animals. These animals are known as reptiles. What type of animals can I see? I can see a turtle, snake, lizards, geckos, tortoise, crocodile, chameleons, Komodo, dragon. All of these are types of reptiles because they sort of, they don't walk. The call on their stomachs, like a snake calls. So they crawl on their stomachs. These animals are known as reptiles. They all look very similar. Have you ever seen reptiles before? And we are good. And now let's start reading about the coldest continent. Antarctica, which is the coldest content, as we said, lines at the south pole, the pole at the bottom of the earth, south pole. And is the coldest continent. It is without sunlight for months at a time. Can you believe it? It doesn't have sunlight for months. Even when the sun does shine. Its angle is so slanted, Angular, so, you know, it's not strong, It's not direct. And the land receives little warm. Temperatures, often dropped to 100 degrees below 0. So one minus 100 degrees can imagine that's very, very cold and a fierce wind blows almost endlessly. There's always very fierce when very, very strong wind. Most of the land is covered by snow. It thousands of feet deep. So the snow is very, very deep. Snow is so heavy and tightly packed that forms a great ice cap covering more than 95% continent. 95 percent of the content is covered in ice. Can you imagine? So that's why it's very, very cold. Considering the conditions. It is no wonder they are no towns or cities in Antarctica. Of course you can imagine. That means no people live there, no towns, a new cities. There is no permanent population at all. Vitamin is always there. So there's there are no people that are always there. Okay, nobody stays there forever. Only small scientific research stations. So the type of people that live there are research stations, people that go to learn or discover so many teams of explorers and scientists have grieved the freeze and cold sense. Antarctica was cited in 1820. So when was Antarctica cited or first seen in the year 1820, almost 200 years ago, right? And therefore, only explorers and scientists go there. Some have died and left. But a great deal of information has been learned about the content. And that's why there's always a risk people go there to discover or to get more information. But some of them have died. From fossils, pieces of coal, and bone samples. We know that Antarctica was not always an ice covered land. So Antarctica, antarctica was not always like this. It wasn't always covered in ice. Scientists believe a 200 million years ago, many, many, many years ago. It was connected to its author, or Southern Africa, South America, Australia, and India. Okay, So it was connected. Other places on this earth, forests grew in warm swamps and insects and reptiles thrived there. So insects and reptiles also lived in Antarctica many, many, many years ago. Today. There are animals that lived in and around the waters that border the continent. In fact, the waters surrounding particle means the waters around the article contain more life than oceans. In warmer areas of the world. This is today. Okay, So Antarctica has a lot of animals also there. Even if it's still very cold. Very good guys too. This was about the coldest content. I hope you learned new information. As always, you will find projects, the projects in the project section. In the project section you will find some questions like such. Whereas Antarctica, you can find the answer from the passage. How much of the continent is covered by an ice cap? How much percentage, when was Antarctica first cited by explorers? In which here, what clues indicate that Antarctica was not always an ice covered? That how do I know that Antarctica was not always covered in ice? Is Antarctica another name for the North Pole. Isn't the North Pole or is it something else? Anyway, these are some questions you can think about them and you can answer them in the worksheet in the project section. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and please make sure to check out the rest of the essence. Thank you very much. 16. Loch Ness Monster: Okay, Welcome back everyone to another intermediate comprehension passage. This one is called the Loch Ness monster. Now, this is actually a myth, or it's a creature that is not real. But many people in the past and even some, some people now they still think that this creature is real or used to live in the past. Okay? Now it actually comes from Scotland. So the LOC H has promised her the Loch Ness Monster and lock means river. Okay. So what type of creature can you see here? It looks like like a sea monster. Like a snake, maybe, like a dinosaur. Okay, So let's read about this Loch Ness Monster, see if it's real, if it's not real, and let's learn more about it. But first, let's start with the vocab boards. The first vocab word we have is retired. Retired. What can you see here in the picture? I can see an old man, maybe in his 70s, in his eighties. He's sitting on a park bench reading a book or a newspaper. And he's sitting on his enjoying his time. It's nice. It's peaceful, it's quiet. So does he have work? No, it doesn't have work. Why? Because he is retired. Retired simply means that you stopped work once you reach a certain age, like 60, 70 or whatever, that's when you stop work. You don't have to work anymore. You can just relax. You will have money, you will have your home. You can just set and relax. So that means this person is retired. So if I ask you, for example, what do you plan to do when you are retired? First of all, at what age were you retire? And what will you do when you retire? Some people would like to go on vacation, for example, and traveled to all these different places around the world. So what about you? Gotta go to the next word we have is view. View. As you can see, this is an absolutely stunning, beautiful view. You can see the sky, the clouds, the water, if it's a C or a swimming pool. Okay. It's an absolutely beautiful view. View simply means something that I see. Okay? Like if you view something that means you see it, or if there is a beautiful view, then that means there is a beautiful thing that you can see. Okay? So if I ask you, for example, what is the best view that you ever saw? Could be the view from a plain view of the mountains, view of a sunset, view of the moon at night, the full moon. If you have some animals, even when they're working together like bees or ants. So what does this view that you saw? Very good. Another word we have is lake. Lake, very easy. This is water, freshwater, blue water surrounded by grass, maybe mountains. Okay, and you can drink from this water. Some people go, There's the play. Some people go to fish. They like to camp. They like to go on the canoe or just like a small boat. Okay. So this is what we call lake. It's not as big as a river. And of course, it's not a C, we call this the lake. Have you ever been telling where was it and what did you do there? Very good. Next word we have is tourists. Tourists. We have three people here in this picture. But it looks as if only two of them are tourists. I think the woman on the right and the man in the middle who is carrying the map. Okay. The man on the left is probably he lives in this city or he lives in this country. And he's directing them, he's giving them directions, is describing where to go to. Okay. So the other two are tourists. Tourists means people who travel to a certain country to go, to visit, things, to go on holiday, to have fun. So they are not from this country, whereas the person on the left, he's helping these tourists. Okay, So what about you? Have you ever traveled before? Where do you a tourist and a certain country. And was there a different language? Okay. How was it when he traveled as a tourist? Very good. Next week, next vocab word we have is missed. Missed. Okay, What can you see in this picture? Or rather what cats you see? It looks as if it's very thick cloud here, but it's not up in the sky. It's down on Earth, on the ground, near the trees. So the midst means when the weather, it comes very unclear. Okay. It's not clear. It's vague. It's foggy. Okay. You can see, of course, it's dangerous to drive without your lights on. Okay. This is what we call a missed. You see it a lot and scary movies, for example, or in films in general. Missed, missed means when the weather is unclear, you can't see. It happens sometimes also early morning. When the sun is still coming up. There's sometimes there's sometimes a mist. Have you ever seen a mistake before where it was and how lost? Very good. Next vocab word we have is unfortunately. Unfortunately, we have, fortunately. And we have unfortunately in this picture, is it a happy face or a sad face? It's a sad face. Okay, so if something is unfortunately happening, that means it's not the best usage is bad news. Okay. I woke up late unfortunately. So that means this is bad news. I missed the bus, unfortunately. Okay. I wanted to catch the bus, but I missed I lost my phone. Unfortunately. Again, this is something it's not good. We, our team lost the match. Unfortunately. We hoped for good news, but sadly, it didn't happen. Okay, So this is unfortunate or unfortunately happening, bad news. So can you think of an example with this word? Unfortunately, Very good. Next vocab word we have is reckon. Reckon. What can you see in the spectrum? I can see a man. And what is he doing? He's thinking, okay, so reckons simply means to think. If you say I reckon something will happen or I recommend there will be rain or I reckon I will get a promotion at work or I can, my team will win the match. That simply means, I think, I expect, I hope something will happen. Okay? So if I ask you, for example, what do you reckon will happen tomorrow? Okay, What do you think will happen tomorrow? Good. Last word, last vocab word we have is rushed. Rushed, which is a verb. You could see every day I rush yesterday I brushed, looks like a hand. This is running is running very quickly. So he's rushing to do something simply means what? He's doing it quickly or he wants to do something very quickly. It doesn't, it doesn't mean to run, doesn't necessarily mean it simply means you're doing something very, very fast because you want to catch a bus maybe, or you want to be on time, or you don't want to be late. So you have to rush to do something. Have you ever rushed to do something? What was it? Very good. These were the vocab words for this lesson. Now let's read about the Loch Ness monster. You could pronounce it, luck or Loch Ness monster. It's up to you. So let's start feeding. I have lived here besides the Loch Ness since I retired last year. So who is speaking here? Is that a young man or an old man? It's an old probably could be a woman also. So old, old person, whether man or woman, because he or she retired. My house has a good clear view of the law, which has derivative. In fact, it's only about a 100 meters from the lake, which is very nearly a 100 meters. And there is nothing but the road in between. So the road is the only thing that separates his house from the lake. Now, I've never been interested in the Loch Ness monster. You understand? Until last Tuesday, I thought it was just a good story to attract tourists. So he thinks what, he used to think that this Loch Ness monster, it's not real. It's just something to get tourists more interested in visiting this city or this country. This is what he used to believe. But I've had to change my mind after last Tuesday's experience. So something happened on Tuesday that made him change his mind. Well, what do you think happened? Let's read on and see. He's saying or she's saying, I got up as usual at about seven and went into my garden. This is what happened. Something attracted my attention to the Locke. He saw something, something happening or something caught his attention. Hi. There. We're almost there was almost no missed that morning. It was very clear, NORM.DIST. And I could see there was something moving quite fast going north in the middle of the block. So something was moving in this lake. Something was moving, something got his attention. It looked like a giant snake with its head and part of the bow, part of its body above water. So what did this thing look like? A giant snake with its head and body. Above. What part of its body above what? It was about 30 meters long. How long was it? 30 meters, which is big. I rushed into the house to get my camera, but when I was back, it had gone. So unfortunately, I remember he went to get his camera, but by the time he came back, there was no monster. He didn't see the monster ago or so we think. Let's read on what else happened. I waited and it appeared again. So this is good news. This time near the road and my house. I could see it clearly. I managed to take several photographs of it. He even managed to take photos. They haven't come out very well, unfortunately. But one or two of them show the creature quite clearly. So this is good news again, reminders to take some photos. And that one of two of these photos show this Loch Ness Monster very well. At 1, it swamps three towards me. But then a Lori passed on the road and perhaps it's heard the noise of the engine because it disappeared again. So there's Loch Ness monster was probably scared when a tear of the sound of the engine. Engine is like the mortar and a lot of cars. I reckon the whole incident lasted for about 15 minutes. 15 minutes, not too long because I looked at my watch that last time I sought and it said a quarter past seven. So again, very early in the morning, probably people are either still sleeping or have come to work or getting ready to go to work very early in the morning. I've never seen anything so strange in my life. Okay. So this was his experience with the Loch Ness Monster. What do you think? Do you think this is a real experience? You think this is a real monster. You think it exists now? Or do you think it only existed in the past? Do you think it never existed in the past? What do you think? And how about this person, this old man or woman? Are they imagining this Loch Ness Monster? Or do you think it was real? Okay, these are interesting questions you can think about. And as always, if you go into the project section, you will find questions on this comprehension passage. So that's it. I hope you enjoyed these vocab words. I hope you enjoyed this lesson and I hope you had fun. Please make sure to follow the next lessons. Thank you very much. 17. A Sweet Adventure: Okay, Welcome back everyone to another intermediate comprehension passage. This one is called a sweet adventure. A sweet adventure. And as you can see it in the lecture, there are so many types of sweets. Lollipops, can the chocolate. Okay, so a sweet adventure could mean an adventure that involves sweets and candy. Or sweet adventure could just simply mean it's a nice adventure. And going on an adventure means going on something to do, something fun, to discover something, or to go somewhere. And it's something that's very, very enjoyable, very, very fond. So this is going to be our comprehension passage. Let's start with the vocab boards. The first vocab word we have is deserted. Deserted comes from the word desert. And as you can see here in the picture, this is a desert and it's completely empty. I don't have any people. I don't have any houses, no plants, nothing. So that means it's completely deserted. Somethings deserted. That means it's empty. It doesn't have to be a desert, could be a deserted island, a deserted house, a deserted mentioned deserted castle, a deserted area. Anything that is deserted simply means that it is completely empty and nobody lives there. So how about you? Where do you live? And in this country, for example, is there any place that is completely deserted? Very good. Next rule, cardboard we have is delicious, delicious, very good, very easy word simply means that something is absolutely yummy. Yummy. It has a nice taste. It smells nice and it is delicious. So nice food could be pizza, burgers, fries. Pastor for example. It could be cheesecake, for example, something that is delicious. That means it tastes very nice. So if I ask you, for example, what is the most delicious food that you have ever had? Think about this. Very good next vocab word we have is ravenous. Ravenous, not re-balance. Ravenous. What do I see? I see a man and he's thinking of what he's thinking about food. So that means he's very, very hungry. Ravenous simply means what? I'm either hungry or it could also mean that I am greedy. Greedy for a lot of stuff. I'm greedy for food. So if I'm ravenous, that means I want to eat a lot. Just like this person here. He's very hungry. So if I'm ravenous, that means I want to eat a lot of food. So how about you, for example, has this ever happened to you that you felt or evidence that he felt as if you wanted to eat a lot of food. And what was it What was this type of food or what were these types of food as you are ravenous for? Very good. Next vocab word we have is parched. Okay, we have rivals and now we have parched. This emoji is very thirsty, very hot, very tired, wanting to drink water. So that means he's absolutely parched. That means his throat is very dry. He wants to drink during quarter, of course. So if I am parched, that simply means I want to drink what? It could be very hot, very dry, and I am parched. So how about you? Has this ever happened to you that you felt parched? When was it? What happened? And what did you drink? Very good. Next vocab word we have is gulp. Gulp. Now of course, the fine parched, as you can see here in this picture, the boiling has a big bottle of water and his gulping, gulping. Imagine if his new look like this is gulping down the water because he's very thirsty. So it's not a small sip of water, it's a huge comp. Gulp means a big amount of water. To just gulp. The water ministry, it's going straight into your stomach very quickly. Okay. Because you are parched. So you could do gulp down water, you could gulp down juice, gulped down milk, gulped down Pepsi for example. It depends on what you want to drink. But of course it's not healthy to gulp down hot food. Of course, you can do this. If I have soup, for example, you can't gulp down soup or you burn your tongue and you burn your throat. Very good. So has this ever happened to you? Did you ever go down anything? And what was it? Very good. Next vocab word we have is swirl. Swirl. Sounds like total. Okay. And I'm swirling, that means what? It's going around in circles, just like this swirling. This is the shape of a certain swirled. You see it a lot in cartoons and movies. You know, when someone is starting to swirl or imagine something, for example, swirl. Okay, Good. So that's it. These were the vocab words for this lesson. Now let's read, learn about the swift adventure as sweet adventure. Okay, So it was a rainy Saturday morning and eat us two little sisters for the plane in the next room. So what's the name of the main character? Anita. And she's a girl. That's an a, that's the name of a girl. And she has two little sisters and either decided to see what they were doing. She walked into the room that they shared and saw their bags of candy bags of candy that they had brought home from the party the night before. So the two little sisters had bags of candy from the night before. Their mother had said they shouldn't eat too much candy. This is what another set. So Anita stooped down to pick the backs up and put them away. She's responsible for two-letter sisters. So she listened to her mother, she took the two bags of candy and she put them away. As soon as her hand touched them, Walsh, she was whizzing down and read licorice slide. Okay, So the slide was made out of licorice literature is a type of food. Again, she landed on a deserted beach with no one around. So she was on a beach on an island that was deserted, completely alone, completely empty, nobody around her. She marveled at the strange feel of the sand. She marveled means she was, she's like, wow, the strange feel of the sand. It felt more like tasty, delicious powdered sugar than sand. So it wasn't really sand that she would though she was on to pause powdered sugar, delicious and tasty powder, true? She liked her fingers clean and stood up to go and explore. She certainly wasn't bored anymore. Okay, so that's, this is what happened. She touched the backs of the candy and wash. Suddenly she found herself on a deserted beach and the sand was actually powdered sugar. Okay, That's amazing, of course. And that's why it is a sweet adventure. Let's read on and see what else happened. And either suddenly realized she was ravenous. Remember ravenous show she is hungry. She quickly bent down and shove that shoveled shells into her mouth. Shells from the beach until she wasn't quite so hungry. The shadows were many different flavors. Should definitely, definitely means for, for sure. For sure she definitely tasted vanilla, chocolate, caramel and even struggling. So just like the sand was powdered sugar, the shells were different flavors. Vanilla, chocolate, caramel, and strawberry. Yum, yum, yum. After a while, she realized that she was parched. Remember parched, two inches, very thirsty now, she hadn't had anything to drink sensor orange juice that morning. So she only had orange juice to drink in the morning. She looked longingly towards the ocean. She knew that drinking salty water would only make her first year. Of course. This is a science fact that oceans have salty water and you can't drink the ocean or the sea because it makes you thirsty. Then I wonderful thought occurred. If the sand is sugar and the shelves are candy, perhaps the water isn't salty. So now she's, she's thinking, she's start to think in her mind, she was very smart. She's saying what if the sand is sugar and the shelves are candy, then probably the water isn't even salty. And height. Maybe she is because she's on this sweet magical adventure and magical beach. So everything is different. This is what she thinks. So what else happened? She walked to the water's edge. She submerged her hands into the light blue liquid. That means she put her hands into the ocean. And of course, it's light. Law. Slowly brought her hands towards her mouth and took a little sip. Not like a gulp now she just took a small sip of water. It was definitely not salty. In fact, it tasted just like blueberry juice. So now with the ocean or the sea, the water tasted like blueberry juice, not salty but sweet. She drank several gulps, big gulps now of this blueberry juice. And then she sat back down again in the sugar to think about her strange day, a very strange day. You can, can imagine. Suddenly she felt the world start to swirl and she fell through the sand. Next, she found herself lying on her sister's bed. So now she's back again in her house and her room. On this on her sister's bed, she felt as if she had just woken up after a long sleep. So she was just dreaming, you can imagine, right? Because once you touch the sugar, she started to sleep and dream. It was almost as if it had really happened. She got out of bed and looked down. There was a pile of sugar on top of the sheets. So that's it. So she had eaten some of the sugar candy and this is why it made her sleep. Okay. So that's why all of this it seems was a dream, but I'm pretty sure she, and she enjoyed her sweet adventure, her sweet magical dream. That said guys, this was for the comprehension passage. I hope you enjoyed this lesson. I hope the vocal cords were easy and as always, you will find some questions on this comprehension passage in the project section. And of course you can answer them and upload the worksheet again. Thank you very much and please follow the next lesson. Thank you.